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1

Negative Cultural Capital and Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the ways in which homeless young people find a sense of self-worth and dignity within the conditions of youth homelessness. It notes that, while homeless young people seek a space where they do not feel marginalised and can attain a form of social status and cultural competence, they also engage in practices and acts of…

Barker, Justin David

2013-01-01

2

Young homeless people and service provision.  

PubMed

This paper focuses on access to services, and views of service provision amongst young homeless people aged 14-25 years. Two hundred young homeless people were interviewed in locations throughout Greater Manchester, the majority in towns surrounding the city of Manchester. A semistructured interview schedule was used with interviews being taped and transcribed to provide additional qualitative data. The operational definition of homelessness included not only those who were roofless, but also those residing in hostels, bed and breakfast accommodation, or staying temporarily with friends. Topics examined include: access to services such as housing, health, advice and information; appraisal of service provision; confidence in securing help; and the use of both formal and informal support services. Results show that the provision and use of services for young homeless people varies widely across the county, with the majority of services being concentrated in the city of Manchester. Respondents made good use of certain services such as streetwork agencies, but exhibited a lack of confidence in securing help with the most basic needs, such as food. A desire to avoid being labelled as 'homeless' appeared to make some people unwilling to make use of non-statutory agencies specifically for homeless people. Overall, respondents found particular difficulties in accessing help from statutory services, such as housing and health. Findings point to the necessity of providing adequately resourced services which reach out to young homeless people. PMID:11560618

Reid, Paul; Klee, Hilary

1999-01-01

3

Spaces of Trauma: Young People, Homelessness and Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little contemporary research has examined young people's experiences of violence and homelessness in detail within the Australian context. This article draws upon qualitative research with 33 homeless youth in Melbourne and seeks to enhance understanding of the impact of violence on young people. It argues that everyday experiences of violence…

Jordan, Lucinda

2012-01-01

4

Young People, Drug Use and Family Conflict: Pathways into Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people who experience homelessness, in Australia and in other western contexts (US, Canada, England), are widely perceived to use and abuse alcohol and drugs. The available research indicates that homeless young people use all drug types, whether injected or otherwise, more frequently than their home-based peers. Debate exists in the…

Mallett, Shelley; Rosenthal, Doreen; Keys, Deborah

2005-01-01

5

The Real Cost of Linking Homeless Young People to Employment, Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the implementation of the Victorian Youth Employment, Education and Training Initiative (YEETI). This statewide initiative delivered brokerage funds to homeless young people through their housing advocates. One of the findings of the project was that the main barrier to young people achieving a stable continuum in their lives…

Broadbent, Robyn

2008-01-01

6

Changes over time among homeless young people in drug dependency, mental illness and their co-morbidity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-national survey was conducted among 358 recently homeless young people in Melbourne and Los Angeles. Drug dependence and mental illness were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months. At each time point, participants were classified as no condition, drug dependent, having a mental illness or dual condition. Low levels of drug dependence or mental illness or both were reported

Doreen Rosenthal; Shelley Mallett; Lyle Gurrin; Norweeta Milburn; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus

2007-01-01

7

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over 3 years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to fewer…

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

8

"It's Good to Have Wheels!" Perceptions of Cycling among Homeless Young People in Sydney, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in sporting or recreational programs can be unattainable for many disadvantaged young people. Encouraging regular cycling is an important public health strategy to increase participation in physical activity and expand personal transport options for marginalised youth. Perceptions and attitudes toward cycling were explored in eight…

Crawford, Belinda; Rissel, Chris; Yamazaki, Rowena; Franke, Elise; Amanatidis, Sue; Ravulo, Jioji; Bindon, Jenni; Torvaldsen, Siranda

2012-01-01

9

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

PubMed Central

This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over three years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to fewer home ties, especially to parents, and a more rapid loss of emotional home ties over time. Homeless youth with major depression start out with small networks, but are more likely to maintain network ties. Youth with substance abuse problems are more likely to maintain instrumental home ties. Finally, homeless adolescents tend to reconnect with their parents for instrumental aid and form romantic relationship that provide emotional support.

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

10

People Experiencing Chronic Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... already stretched to its limit. The physical and mental health needs of this population are prevalent and acute, and must ... the determinants of street homelessness by developing and... Prevalence and ... of Mental Health Services Among 10,340 Patients With Serious Mental ...

11

Homeless People and Health Care: An Unrelenting Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1985, the New York City Health Care for the Homeless Program began providing health care and social services to homeless people. The program seeks to provide care to those homeless people with the least access to services, reaching out to them in soup kitchens, shelters, and hotels. This paper summarizes what has been learned since 1985 about…

Neibacher, Susan L.

12

Poor Parenting and Antisocial Behavior among Homeless Young Adults: Links to Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the association…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

13

Crossing the Threshhold: Successful Learning Provision for Homeless People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide tells the story of a successful collaboration between The City Literary Institute and homelessness agencies to create an arts-based learning program for homeless people in central London. It identifies guidelines and good practice to stimulate similar work in other locations with problems of homelessness and rough sleeping. The guide is…

Cameron, Helen; McKaig, Wendy; Taylor, Sue

14

Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, "Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People" is a comprehensive study that examines the continuums of care for homeless people throughout the United States. Critiquing the agenda of the Continuum of Care (CoC), a system designed to help homeless people as well as those at imminent risk of becoming homeless, this 216-page report examines their development, current structure, and possible future. Users should note that this report defaults to small font and may be more easily readable if printed.

2002-01-01

15

From homeless to housed: caring for people in transition.  

PubMed

This ethnographic study was conducted to determine what homeless people experience during the transition from street life into community housing. Data were gathered through participant observation at a program designed to secure housing and support services for homeless people upon discharge from a psychiatric hospital. Sixty homeless, mentally ill adults were followed from hospital discharge through their first 2 years in community housing. Homeless people interact with health care providers across a cultural divide produced by vast differences in their lived experiences. This cultural distance limits access to the services that these individuals require to achieve residential stability. PMID:18449834

Drury, Lin J

2008-01-01

16

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Highlights Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Highlights Report offers a substantial review of both the data and analytic conclusions. One significant finding that seems to fly in the face of certain myths about homelessness: "when homeless people get housing assistance and needed services - such as health care, substance abuse treatment, mental health services, education and job training - 76% of those living in families and 60% of those living alone end their homeless status."

1999-01-01

17

Wellbeing for homeless people: a Salutogenic approach.  

PubMed

Homelessness affects considerable numbers in the UK and is caused by poverty and social exclusion. Much of the literature on housing and health is disease centric, where the experience of homelessness is described as traumatic, disempowering and socially isolating. Based on the Salutogenic approach, which calls for a positive orientation on health, the aim of this study was to explore the subjective lived experiences of wellbeing in the situated context of homeless people's lives. Nine in-depth qualitative interviews with temporarily housed adults (>25 years) in a socio-economically deprived region of North-west England were held. Accounts of renewed self-confidence, perceived resourcefulness and continual personal participation are said to be supporting wellbeing. A strong belief, or sense of coherence, in internal and external general resistance resources was a critical enabling factor for those living in temporary accommodation. Wellbeing was consistently linked with both social and formal activities; keeping occupied and having a strong sense of purpose were essential to wellbeing. In utilizing a Salutogenic approach we demonstrate how the 'context and meaning' of health actions can improve the understanding about the kinds of factors influencing wellbeing. PMID:22983692

Dunleavy, Andrew; Kennedy, Lynne Alexandra; Vaandrager, Lenneke

2014-03-01

18

Employment Status and Income Generation among Homeless Young Adults: Results from a Five-City, Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-methods study identified correlates of unemployment among homeless young adults in five cities. Two hundred thirty-eight homeless young people from Los Angeles (n = 50), Austin (n = 50), Denver (n = 50), New Orleans (n = 50), and St. Louis (n = 38) were recruited using comparable sampling strategies. Multivariate logistic regression…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna J.; Maccio, Elaine M.; Pollio, David

2012-01-01

19

Homelessness among people with severe mental illness in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questions under study: This study addresses socio-demographic and clinical characteristics among homeless people in Switzerland admitted to inpatient care, the use of and pathways to inpa- tient care by this group and, the extent to which psychiatric disorders contribute to the risk of homelessness. Methods: Based on data of a psychiatric case register we analysed 16 247 people consecutively referred

Christoph Lauber; Barbara Lay; Wulf Rössler

20

Youth Homelessness 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third national census of homeless school students, conducted in 2006, found that the number of homeless students had decreased since 2001. There were 9,389 homeless students in 2006 compared with 12,227 in 2001. Three groups were over-represented in the homeless population: Indigenous students, young people from single parent and blended…

MacKenzie, David; Chamberlain, Chris

2008-01-01

21

Understanding survival sex: young women, homelessness and intimate relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to explore gendered experiences of homelessness through an examination of survival sex. Survival sex is usually understood to be the exchange of sex for material support, however, this research found a greater complexity in the intimate relationships being undertaken by young women experiencing homelessness. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 young women aged 18–25 years living in

Juliet Watson

2011-01-01

22

Strengthening At-Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children Initiative, funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, aims to improve the housing, health, and development of homeless and at-risk young families. This article describes the services provided in four program sites (Pomona, CA; Antelope Valley, CA; Minneapolis, MN; and Chicago, IL)…

Medeiros, Debra; Vaulton, Wendy

2010-01-01

23

Cardiovascular disease risk factors in homeless people  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, which is highest in Eastern Europe including Estonia. Accumulating evidence suggests that life-style is associated with the development of CVD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the informative power of common CVD-related markers under unhealthy conditions. Subjects Subjects (n = 51; mean age 45 years; 90% men) were recruited from a shelter for homeless people in Tallinn, Estonia, and consisted of persons who constantly used alcohol or surrogates, smoked, and were in a bad physical condition (amputated toes, necrotic ulcers, etc.). Methods Blood pressure, pulse rate, and waist circumference were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The following markers were measured in blood serum: total cholesterol (TChol), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-Chol), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-Chol), plasma triglycerides (TG), apolipoproteins A-l (ApoA1) and B (ApoB), lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), glucose (Gluc), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), serum carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Except smoking, the anamnestic information considering eating habits, declared alcohol consumption and medication intake were not included in the analysis due to the low credibility of self-reported data. Results More than half of the investigated patients had values of measured markers (hsCRP, TChol, LDL-Chol, TG, HbA1c, ApoA1, ApoB, Lp(a), Gluc) within normal range. Surprisingly, 100% of subjects had HDL-Chol within endemic norm. Conclusion This study demonstrates that traditional markers, commonly used for prediction and diagnosis and treatment of CVD, are not always applicable to homeless people, apparently due to their aberrant life-style.

2011-01-01

24

Pregnancy and Sexual Health among Homeless Young Injection Drug Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of…

Hathazi, Dodi; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Sanders, Bill; Bloom, Jennifer Jackson

2009-01-01

25

Pregnancy and sexual health among homeless young injection drug users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of prenatal care, and histories of sexual victimization are described. A total of

Dodi Hathazi; Stephen E. Lankenau; Bill Sanders; Jennifer Jackson Bloom

2009-01-01

26

Health status and utilisation of the healthcare system by homeless and non-homeless people in Vienna.  

PubMed

This case-control study describes the health situation, internal and external resources, and utilisation of healthcare facilities by a marginalised population consisting of homeless people in Vienna, Austria, compared with a non-homeless control population. Among the homeless group, participants lived in halfway houses (70%) or permanent housing (30%) in Vienna. Personal interviews were conducted in July 2010 with 66 homeless individuals, and their data were compared with data from non-homeless subjects from the Austrian Health Interview Survey using conditional logistic regression. Compared with the control group, homeless persons suffered more often from chronic diseases (P < 0.001) and rated their health considerably lower than the comparison group (P < 0.001). Homeless people suffered significantly more often from psychiatric disorders, respiratory diseases, hypertension (P < 0.001), digestive system diseases (P = 0.002) and heart diseases (P = 0.015) in comparison with the control group. Additionally, among homeless and non-homeless individuals, the former more often consulted a general practitioner in a period of 28 days (P = 0.002). A significantly greater proportion of homeless people did not have any teeth (P = 0.024) and smoked significantly more (P = 0.002). The results demonstrate deficits in the areas of health, health behaviour, and individual and social resources of homeless people, even though homeless people seek medical care at a higher rate than controls. Continuing health promotion projects for this high-risk group and the strengthening of social resources are recommended. PMID:24354859

Wagner, Julia; Diehl, Katharina; Mutsch, Livia; Löffler, Walter; Burkert, Nathalie; Freidl, Wolfgang

2014-05-01

27

Strengthening Homeless Parents with Young Children through Meaningful Parent Education and Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless parents of young children confront several barriers to developing effective parenting skills and dispositions. Perhaps the major barrier is that of the negative stereotype that many people use to label them. They also often have not had positive parent role models and in many cases have had to deal with the issues of violence. Parent…

Swick, Kevin J.

2009-01-01

28

Predicting Staying In or Leaving Permanent Supportive Housing That Serves Homeless People with Serious Mental Illness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Permanent Housing component of the Supportive Housing Program, the Department's principal program to meet the needs of homeless people with disabilities, was established to offer homeless people with disabilities, including mental illness, an assuranc...

Y. I. Wong T. R. Hadley D. P. Culhane S. R. Poulin M. R. Davis

2006-01-01

29

Pregnancy and Mental Health of Young Homeless Women  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy rates among women in the U.S. who are homeless are much higher than rates among women who are housed (Greene & Ringwalt, 1998). Yet little research has addressed mental health, risk and resilience among young mothers who are homeless. This study utilizes a sample of women from the Midwest Longitudinal Study of Homeless Adolescents (MLSHA) to investigate pregnancy and motherhood over three years among unaccompanied homeless young mothers. Our data are supplemented by in-depth interviews with a subset of these women. Results show that almost half of sexually active young women (n = 222, µ age = 17.2) had been pregnant at baseline (46.4%), and among the longitudinal subsample of 171 women (µ age = 17.2), almost 70.0% had been pregnant by the end of the study. Among young mothers who are homeless, only half reported that they helped to care for their children consistently over time, and one-fifth of the women reported never seeing their children. Of the young women with children in their care at the last interview of the study (Wave 13), almost one-third met criteria for lifetime major depressive episode (MDE), lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and lifetime drug abuse, and one-half met criteria for lifetime antisocial personality disorder (APD). Twelve-month diagnoses are also reported. The impacts of homelessness on maternal and child outcomes are discussed, including the implications for practice, policy, and research.

Crawford, Devan M.; Trotter, Emily C.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner; Whitbeck, Les B.

2012-01-01

30

HUD's Homeless Assistance Programs: A Guide to Counting Unsheltered Homeless People.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many communities have long understood the need to count, describe, and understand the homeless people who do not use shelters and are typically found on the streets, in abandoned buildings, or in other places not meant for human habitation. Unsheltered ho...

2004-01-01

31

Risk Factors for Trading Sex among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although numerous homeless youth report trading sex, few studies have examined risk factors associated with trading sex and\\u000a even fewer have employed multivariate analyses to examine this relationship, even though trading sex is associated with many\\u000a negative health outcomes. Based on a sample of 151 homeless young adults in the midwestern United States, logistic regression\\u000a analyses revealed that for each

Kimberly A. Tyler

2009-01-01

32

Children and Young People at Risk of Social Exclusion: Links between Homelessness, Child Protection and Juvenile Justice. Data Linkage Series. Number 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research demonstrates relationships between child abuse and neglect, homelessness and criminal activity. This report presents key findings from analysis of a data set linking three community-sector data collections: Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP), juvenile justice supervision, and child protection notifications and…

Aalders, Rachel

2012-01-01

33

Increasing Access to Higher Education for Unaccompanied Youth: Information for Colleges and Universities. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, more than a million young people in the United States experience homelessness; some of these young people, known as unaccompanied homeless youth, will face the challenges of homelessness while living on their own without the support of a caring adult. Unaccompanied homeless youth face the same struggles as other young people: trying to…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

34

A mobile surgery for single homeless people in London.  

PubMed Central

Little is known about the social and medical characteristics of people who regularly sleep rough, or whether medical care can be targeted at these people. In 1987 a mobile surgery was used to provide primary health care at two sites in central London where many single homeless people sleep outdoors. One hundred and forty six patients were seen with illnesses ranging from scabies to osteomyelitis and tuberculosis. Sociodemographic data showed the patients to be generally an isolated group with deprived and unstable backgrounds, often compounded by alcohol abuse. Over a third of the patients from one site attended a drop in surgery for homeless people in Soho within a month after seeing a doctor in the mobile surgery. This suggests that the project can be a first step in integrating this isolated group with health care facilities.

Ramsden, S. S.; Nyiri, P.; Bridgewater, J.; el-Kabir, D. J.

1989-01-01

35

Self-perceived strengths among people who are homeless  

PubMed Central

This study examined self-perceived strengths among 116 people who were homeless. Those who had experienced a longer period of current homelessness tended to report fewer personal strengths (r = ?0.23). Nonetheless, in spite of their marginalized position in society, the vast majority of participants (114 out of 116) perceived personal strengths. A prior diagnosis with mental illness was not associated with the number of strengths reported, but self-perception of strengths was associated with altruistic orientation. The Values in Action (VIA) taxonomy of character strengths captured many of the responses generated by this population. The most frequently mentioned character categories included social intelligence, kindness, persistence, authenticity and humour. The most frequently mentioned other strengths included personal skills (e.g. music, sports), job skills, intelligence and education. The results have relevance for efforts to build self-perceptions that facilitate escape from homelessness.

Tweed, Roger G.; Biswas-Diener, Robert; Lehman, Darrin R.

2012-01-01

36

Homeless Children and Youth: A New American Dilemma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 11 reports focus on policy responses to the needs of very young children who are part of a homeless family, and older young people who are homeless but on their own. The following chapters are included: (1) J. M. Molnar's introduction to the relationship between chronic poverty and homelessness; (2) "Beyond the Numbers: Homeless Families…

Kryder-Coe, Julee H., Ed.; And Others

37

Issues and Strategies Involved in Helping Homeless Parents of Young Children Strengthen Their Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless parents of young children face many stressors that erode their self-esteem. This article articulates these stressors and how they negatively impact homeless parents and their children. Strategies for helping parents empower themselves and their children are explained.

Swick, Kevin J.

2009-01-01

38

The Periphery of Care: Emergency Services for Homeless People in Rural Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until recently, homelessness in rural areas has received little recognition because of overwhelming assumptions about the urban-centeredness of homeless people and their needs. This paper seeks to build on recent research that has begun to uncover some of the problems and characteristics of rural homelessness, by suggesting two significant…

Cloke, Paul; Johnsen, Sarah; May, Jon

2007-01-01

39

[A psychiatrist working with homeless people: A commentary].  

PubMed

Testimony about the learning and working experience of twenty years of clinical practice with mental illness and homeless people; the author describes the therapeutic paradigm and clinical strategies the psychiatrist must learn and employ to encounter these patients, engage them in a treatment and rehabilitation towards a personalised life project to the recovery. The author then reviews some perspectives for the future care of this population. PMID:23254826

Plante, Marie-Carmen

2012-01-01

40

Homeless and Disabled: Rights, Responsibilities, and Recommendations for Serving Young Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a growing social problem in the United States. Especially vulnerable to this phenomenon are young children because homelessness is viewed as a breeding ground for disabilities. Despite federal legislation ensuring educational opportunities, the educational needs of children who are homeless are frequently unfulfilled. This article…

Gargiulo, Richard M.

2006-01-01

41

Adapting the Individual Placement and Support Model with Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Prior research reveals high unemployment rates among homeless young adults. The literature offers many examples of using evidence-based supported employment models with vulnerable populations to assist them in obtaining and maintaining competitive employment; yet few examples exist to date with homeless young adults with mental…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Xie, Bin; Glynn, Shirley

2012-01-01

42

The Impact of Being Homeless on Young Children and Their Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families with young children are the fastest growing population of the homeless. Homeless young children (under the age of 5) are especially vulnerable as early childhood professionals consider the early years to be the most critical developmental period in all domains (cognitive, social-emotional, physical, and language). The disruptions to a…

Powell, Tenisha L.

2012-01-01

43

Exploring the Psychosocial and Behavioral Adjustment Outcomes of Multi-Type Abuse among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the psychosocial and behavioral adjustment outcomes associated with verbal, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse among homeless young adults as well as the associations among abuse types. Convenience sampling was used to select 28 homeless young adults (ages 18 to 24) from one drop-in center. Overall, subjects experienced…

Ferguson, Kristin M.

2009-01-01

44

Is Shared Housing a Way to Reduce Homelessness? The Effect of Household Arrangements on Formerly Homeless People  

PubMed Central

Most single adults share housing with other adults, and living alone is considerably more expensive than living with someone else. Yet policies that discourage shared housing for formerly homeless people or people at risk of becoming homeless are common, and those that encourage it are rare. This would be understandable if such housing adversely affected its users in some way. We ask whether shared housing produces adverse effects. Our provisional answer is no. For the most part, whether a person lives alone or shares housing seems to make no difference to the outcomes we studied although shared housing is associated with reduced psychotic symptomology. We use data from ACCESS, a 5-year, 18-site demonstration project with over 6,000 formerly homeless individuals as participants.

He, Yinghua; O'Flaherty, Brendan; Rosenheck, Robert A.

2010-01-01

45

Pathways for Homeless Mentally Ill People in Washington, D.C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for a more responsive service system for people who are both mentally ill and homeless is a salient concern in America today. Preliminary research was conducted to examine how homeless mentally ill persons are processed by the currently organized network of human services in the nation's capital. Data were gathered in the summer of 1985…

Dockett, Kathleen H.

46

Untangling the Complex Needs of People Experiencing Gambling Problems and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with gambling problems are now recognised among those at increased risk of homelessness, and the link between housing and gambling problems has been identified as an area requiring further research. This paper discusses the findings of a qualitative study that explored the relationship between gambling problems and homelessness. Interviews…

Holdsworth, Louise; Tiyce, Margaret

2013-01-01

47

Leading Work with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Leading Work with Young People" provides a selection of writing from a complex and dynamic field of work. The editors bring together key readings and newly commissioned material to present a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives on leading and managing work with young people. The book will equip students with the knowledge, skills,…

Harrison, Roger, Ed.; Benjamin, Cathy, Ed.; Curran, Sheila, Ed.; Hunter, Rob, Ed.

2007-01-01

48

Toward Meeting the Needs of Homeless People with Schizophrenia: The Validity of Quality of Life Measurement  

PubMed Central

Objective To provide new evidence regarding the suitability of using quality of life (QoL) measurements in homeless people with schizophrenia, we assess the acceptability and psychometric properties of a specific QoL instrument (S-QoL 18) in a population of homeless people with schizophrenia, and we compare their QoL levels with those observed in non-homeless people with schizophrenia. Methods This multi-centre prospective study was conducted in the following 4 French cities: Lille, Marseille, Paris and Toulouse. Two hundred and thirty-six homeless patients with schizophrenia were recruited over a 12 month-period. The S-QoL 18 was tested for construct validity, reliability, external validity and sensitivity to change. The QoL of the 236 homeless patients was compared with 236 French age- and sex-matched non-homeless patients with schizophrenia. Results The eight-factor structure of the S-QoL 18 was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis (RMSEA = 0.035, CFI = 0.95, GFI = 0.99 and SRMR = 0.015). Internal consistency, reliability and sensitivity to change were satisfactory. External validity was confirmed via correlations between S-QoL 18 dimension scores and SF-36, symptomatology and recovery scores. The percentage of missing data did not exceed 5%. Finally, homeless patients had significantly lower QoL levels than non-homeless patients with schizophrenia. Conclusions These results demonstrate the satisfactory acceptability and psychometric properties of the S-QoL 18, suggesting the validity of QoL measurement among homeless patients with schizophrenia. Our study also reported that QoL levels in homeless patients with schizophrenia were dramatically low, highlighting the need for new policies to eradicate homelessness and tackle poverty.

Auquier, Pascal; Tinland, Aurelie; Fortanier, Cecile; Loundou, Anderson; Baumstarck, Karine; Lancon, Christophe; Boyer, Laurent

2013-01-01

49

Estimating Numbers of Unsheltered Homeless People Through Plant-Capture and Postcount Survey Methods  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We sought to increase the accuracy of New York City’s estimates of its unsheltered homeless population. Methods. We employed 2 approaches to increasing count accuracy: a plant-capture strategy in which embedded decoys (or “plants”) were used to estimate the proportion of visible homeless people missed by enumerators and a postcount survey of service users designed to estimate the proportion of unsheltered homeless people who were not visible. Results. Plants at 17 sites (29%) reported being missed in the count, because counters either did not visit those sites or did not interview the plants. Of 293 homeless service users who were not in shelters, 31% to 41% were in locations deemed not visible to counters. Conclusions. Both plant-capture estimation and postcount surveys are feasible approaches that can increase the accuracy of estimates of unsheltered homeless populations.

Hopper, Kim; Shinn, Marybeth; Laska, Eugene; Meisner, Morris; Wanderling, Joseph

2008-01-01

50

IMPLICATIONS OF HOMELESSNESS FOR PARENTING YOUNG CHILDREN: A PRELIMINARY REVIEW FROM A DEVELOPMENTAL ATTACHMENT PERSPECTIVE  

PubMed Central

Although it has been well-documented that parents and children who experience homelessness often have compromised health and well-being, few studies have examined the potential implications of homelessness on the process of parenting young children. In this review, we consider how parents of young children might function under the circumstances of homelessness. We begin with a brief overview of the psychological, social, and medical characteristics of homeless mothers and their young children. Using a developmental attachment perspective, we next briefly review the central tasks of parenting during the first 5 years of life, including emotion regulation and fostering of child autonomy, with an eye toward how homelessness may compromise a mother's ability to complete these tasks. Finally, we provide suggestions for further research that incorporate a developmental attachment perspective and other relevant viewpoints. Because of the paucity of research in this area, our review seeks to provide a heuristic framework for future research, intervention development, and policy.

DAVID, DARYN H.; GELBERG, LILLIAN; SUCHMAN, NANCY E.

2012-01-01

51

Direct and Indirect Effects of Parenting on the Academic Functioning of Young Homeless Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Effects of parenting quality on the academic functioning of young homeless children were examined using data from 58 children ages 4 to 7 and their parents during their stay at an emergency homeless shelter. Parenting quality, child executive function, child intellectual functioning, and risk status were assessed in the shelter,…

Herbers, Janette E.; Cutuli, J. J.; Lafavor, Theresa L.; Vrieze, Danielle; Leibel, Cari; Obradovic, Jelena; Masten, Ann S.

2011-01-01

52

Families on the Edge: Homeless Young Parents and Their Welfare Experiences. A Survey of Homeless Youth and Service Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the experiences of homeless young parents with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, which can be an important tool in helping them achieve long-term stability and economic self-sufficiency. The 1996 welfare reform act included special provisions that applied only to minor teen parents, requiring them to…

Reeg, Bob; Grisham, Christine; Shepard, Annie

53

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Summary Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Summary Report gives complete analysis of the extensive findings of the survey, including five chapters summarizing the methodology and data.

1999-01-01

54

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Technical Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Technical Report provides the "full, detailed technical report consisting of 17 chapters with appendices and complete sets of data tables (over 500 pages)."

1999-01-01

55

Traumatic brain injury among people who are homeless: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Homelessness and poverty are important social problems, and reducing the prevalence of homelessness and the incidence of injury and illness among people who are homeless would have significant financial, societal, and individual implications. Recent research has identified high rates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among this population, but to date there has not been a review of the literature on this topic. The objective of this systematic review was to review the current state of the literature on TBI and homelessness in order to identify knowledge gaps and direct future research. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted in PsycINFO (1887–2012), Embase (1947–2012), and MEDLINE/Pubmed (1966–2012) to identify all published research studies on TBI and homelessness. Data on setting, sampling, outcome measures, and rate of TBI were extracted from these studies. Results Eight research studies were identified. The rate of TBI among samples of persons who were homeless varied across studies, ranging from 8%-53%. Across the studies there was generally little information to adequately describe the research setting, sample sizes were small and consisted mainly of adult males, demographic information was not well described, and validated screening tools were rarely used. The methodological quality of the studies included was generally moderate and there was little information to illustrate that the studies were adequately powered or that study samples were representative of the source population. There was also an absence of qualitative studies in the literature. Conclusions The rate of TBI is higher among persons who are homeless as compared to the general population. Both descriptive and interventional studies of individuals who are homeless should include a psychometrically sound measure of history of TBI and related disability. Education of caregivers of persons who are at risk of becoming, or are homeless, should involve training on TBI. Dissemination of knowledge to key stakeholders such as people who are homeless, their families, and public policy makers is also advocated.

2012-01-01

56

Youth Homelessness and Individualised Subjectivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to contribute to understandings of youth homelessness and subjectivity by analysing identity construction in terms of young people's negotiation of the structural and institutional environment of youth homelessness. I suggest that while existing literature on this topic concentrates mainly on micro-social encounters, the…

Farrugia, David

2011-01-01

57

Expanding Service Delivery: Does It Improve Relationships Among Agencies Serving Homeless People with Mental Illness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enhancing interagency services integration for homeless people has been advocated as an approach for improving service delivery to this population. In contrast to system-level “top-down” interventions, this study examines the association of expanded funding of client-level homeless services, a “bottom-up” approach, with strengthening of interorganizational relationships. We compared Veterans Affairs\\/non-Veterans Affairs interagency relationships at VA facilities supporting community-oriented programs (N=72),

James McGuire; Robert Rosenheck; Craig Burnette

2002-01-01

58

Resilience and Young People Leaving Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do we promote the resilience of young people leaving care? This article explores this question by bringing together research findings on the resilience of young people from disadvantaged family backgrounds with research studies on young people leaving care. These findings are applied to young people during their journey to adulthood: their…

Stein, Mike

2008-01-01

59

When the Bough Breaks: The Effects of Homelessness on Young Children. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 3, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Living without permanent, long-term housing creates a number of stressors for children and families, but being homeless can be particularly detrimental to the healthy development of young children. The National Center on Family Homelessness reports that more than 1.6 million children--or one in 45 children--were homeless annually in America…

McCoy-Roth, Marci; Mackintosh, Bonnie B.; Murphey, David

2012-01-01

60

Young People's Favorite Leisure Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a study based on surveys conducted annually for the past nine years by the Samara Foundation for Social Research, commissioned by the committee for youth affairs of the administration of Samara Oblast. The sample consists of about 800 young people aged fourteen to thirty. In the present study the authors have focused on…

Zvonovskii, Vladimir; Lutseva, Svetlana

2004-01-01

61

Physical Activity for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents information on physical activity among children and youth. Section 1 discusses physical activity patterns of young people, explaining that the issue has been a concern for educators and health professionals for several years because of the trend for children to become less and less active over time. Section 2 looks at how…

Pate, Russell; Corbin, Chuck; Pangrazi, Bob

1998-01-01

62

Homelessness and Young Children: Early Childhood Care and Education. Minibibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, states must have policies and procedures in place that ensure timely assessment, appropriate services, and continuity of services for children with disabilities who are homeless. IDEA 2004 specifically requires states to comply with the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance…

Goode, Susan, Comp.; Shaw, Evelyn, Comp.

2006-01-01

63

Mandated tuberculosis screening in a community of homeless people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: To examine the effects of a community program on tuberculosis incidence, prevalence, and transmission requiring users of public facilities to carry cards certifying their compliance with a tuberculosis screening, prophylaxis, and treatment program. Community knowledge of tuberculosis and costs and benefits of the program are described.Setting: A West Coast “skid row” community with historically high rates of tuberculosis, homelessness,

Neal J Rendleman

1999-01-01

64

Young People in Recovery: Building a Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The newly formed national group, Young People in Recovery, is comprised of young people, roughly 17-28 years old, who are in long term recovery. Their goal is to increase awareness amongst social service providers about the needs of youth in recovery, increase services, and facilitate partnerships which support young people in finding and…

Kimball, Colette

2012-01-01

65

Responding to Young People who Self Harm  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deliberate Self Harm in Children and Young People may promote anxiety in families and professionals. My presentation describes how the confidence and competence of a Team can reduce such anxiety and improve outcome for those Young People who choose self-harming behaviour as a way of coping with life stressors. I will share information about: local prevalence rates of Young People

R Morris

2010-01-01

66

Vulnerability of Homeless People in Tehran, Iran, to HIV, Tuberculosis and Viral Hepatitis  

PubMed Central

Background Homeless people are at risk of contracting communicable infectious diseases, as they indulge in risky behaviours and lifestyle. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of the aforementioned infections and related risk behaviours among homeless people in Tehran. Methods In this study a convenience sample of 593 homeless individuals was studied. The ELISA method was used for the detection of HIV, HCV and HBV. Clinical symptoms, sputum cultures, acid fast bacilli smears, and chest X-rays were used to identify active pulmonary tuberculosis, and the Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) test was used to identify latent tuberculosis. Results The prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and latent tuberculosis was 3.4%, 2.6%, 23.3% and 46.7%, respectively. Active pulmonary tuberculosis was found in 7 persons (1.2%). Injection drug use was an independent risk factor for HIV, HCV and HBV infections. Older people had a higher proportion of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (OR: 2.6, 95%CI: 1.9, 3.7) and HCV positivity (OR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1, 2.5). Conclusion Our findings highlighted that much more attention needs to be paid to the health of homeless people.

Bagheri Amiri, Fahimeh; Gouya, Mohammad Mehdi; Saifi, Mahnaz; Rohani, Mehdi; Tabarsi, Payam; Sedaghat, Abbas; Fahimfar, Noushin; Memarnejadian, Arash; Aghasadeghi, Mohammad Reza; Haghdoost, Ali Akbar; Jahanbakhsh, Fatemeh; Nasehi, Mahshid; Mostafavi, Ehsan

2014-01-01

67

Addressing homelessness among people with mental illnesses: a model of long-term philanthropic effectiveness.  

PubMed

Foundations are often criticized for their short attention spans and inability to continue funding the toughest social problems. Homelessness among people with mental illnesses is considered among the most intractable of social issues. This paper explores the role of permanent supportive housing in reducing homelessness among the mentally ill; the role of the Corporation for Supportive Housing in developing, authenticating, and disseminating its model; and its long-term funding relationship with the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, which has facilitated this trajectory. The paper tells the story of how long-term funding, strategically used, is making inroads into this serious mental health problem. PMID:19414904

Brousseau, Ruth Tebbets

2009-01-01

68

Symptoms, Survival, and the Redefinition of Public Space: A Feasibility Study of Homeless People at a Metropolitan Airport.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief ethnographic study of a metropolitan airport revealed that a relatively small number of people had taken up residence there, prizing the airport mainly for its survival utility and amenities. Policies and attitudes regarding the homeless and a critique of the pathological explanation for homelessness are explored. (CJS)

Hopper, Kim

1991-01-01

69

Floating Support for Homeless People in Inverness:- Inspection Report provided by the Care Commission Report by Area Housing Manager  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY:- This report:- (a) Presents the findings of the Care Commission on an announced visit to the Homeless Day Centre, 1 Waterloo Place, Inverness on 23 February 2006 to inspect the floating support service provided from there by Inverness Housing Services for homeless people in Inverness.

E M Cochrane

70

Sinuatrial disease in young people.  

PubMed

A survey at three cardiac centres disclosed nine patients under the age of 25 years with sinus node dysfunction in the absence of other forms of heart disease. All were male and seven were above the 90th centile for height. Ambulatory monitoring was performed on all the first-degree relatives of six of the patients and three families showed conducting system disturbances in the form of sinuatrial disorders or delayed atrioventricular conduction. A genetic factor may be involved in the aetiology of sinuatrial disease in young people. PMID:7459167

Mackintosh, A F

1981-01-01

71

A case study of a Canadian homelessness intervention programme for elderly people.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to describe: (1) how the Homelessness Intervention Programme addressed the needs of elderly people who were homeless or at risk of homelessness; and (2) the factors that influenced the ability of the programme to address client needs. The programme was offered by a multi-service non-profit agency serving low-income families and individuals in an urban neighbourhood in Ontario, Canada. Using a case study approach, we conducted 10 individual interviews and three focus groups with programme clients, programme providers, other service providers and programme funders. Programme providers completed intake forms, monthly follow-up forms and exit/housing change forms for each of the 129 clients served by the programme over a 28-month period. Approximately equal proportions of clients were between 54 years old and 65 years old (47%) and over 65 years (53%). There were equal proportions of women and men. In addition to being homeless or marginally housed, clients lived with multiple and complex issues including chronic illness, mental illness and substance abuse. Through the facilitation of continuity of care, the programme was able to meet the needs of this vulnerable group of elderly people. Three types of continuity of care were facilitated: relational, informational and management continuity. The study confirmed the value of a continuous caring relationship with an identified provider and the delivery of a seamless service through coordination, integration and information sharing between different providers. Study findings also highlighted the broader systemic factors that acted as barriers to the programme and its ability to meet the needs of elderly people. These factors included limited housing options available; limited income supports; and lack of coordinated, accessible community health and support services. The central findings stress the importance of continuity of care as a guiding concept for intervention programmes for homeless and marginally housed elderly people. PMID:18371167

Ploeg, Jenny; Hayward, Lynda; Woodward, Christel; Johnston, Riley

2008-12-01

72

Evaluating Youth Work with Vulnerable Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of an 18-month research project that studied the effectiveness of youth work with vulnerable young people. The research, representing six distinct geographical areas of Scotland characterized by disadvantage, focused on young people aged 13 to 16. In each neighborhood, the project examined the experiences of young

Furlong, Andy; Cartmel, Fred; Powney, Janet; Hall, Stuart

73

Correlates of HIV Risk Behaviors Among Homeless and Unstably Housed Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Objectives Homeless young adults are exposed to multiple risk factors for HIV infection. We identified HIV risk behaviors and their correlates among homeless young adults in Portland, Oregon. Methods We conducted a community-based, cross-sectional survey of HIV risk behaviors among homeless young adults aged 18–25 years in 2010. Participants completed three study components: (1) an interviewer-administered survey of HIV risk behaviors; (2) a brief, client-centered HIV risk-based counseling session; and (3) rapid HIV testing. Results Among 208 participants, 45.8% identified as racial/ethnic minority groups, 63.8% were male, and 35.7% self-identified as nonheterosexual. Six participants, all from sexual minority groups, had positive HIV screening results (two newly identified, four previously known) for a seropositivity rate of 2.9%. Female sex, belonging to a sexual minority group, frequent traveling between cities, depression, and alcohol use to intoxication were significantly associated with unprotected sex in univariate analysis. Female sex and high perceived risk of HIV were significantly associated with unprotected sex in multivariate analysis. Conclusions Our findings support the need for enhanced HIV prevention interventions for homeless young adults.

Logan, Jennifer L.; Frye, Alison; Pursell, Haley O.; Anderson-Nathe, Michael; Scholl, Juliana E.

2013-01-01

74

On the Road: Examining Self-Representation and Discourses of Homelessness in Young Adult Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors analyze representations of social issues within contemporary memoirs written for and marketed to a young adult audience and multimodal zines produced by homeless youth. To read across these distinctly different texts (mass marketed and do-it-yourself cultural productions) and genres (memoir and zines), the authors…

Rogers, Theresa; Marshall, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

75

Correlates of Engaging in Survival Sex among Homeless Youth and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 1,625 homeless youth and young adults aged 10 to 25 from 28 different states in the United States, this study examines the correlates of having engaged in survival sex. Findings suggest that differences exist based on demographic variables (gender, age, race, and sexual orientation), lifetime drug use (inhalants, Valium™, crack cocaine, alcohol, Coricidin™, and morphine), recent

N. Eugene Walls; Stephanie Bell

2010-01-01

76

Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: A preliminary epidemiological trajectory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N=569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset

Michael C. Clatts; Lloyd Goldsamt; Huso Yi; Marya Viorst Gwadz

2005-01-01

77

A Typology of Mentally Disordered Users of Resources for Homeless People: Towards Better Planning of Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to describe distinct typologies among mentally ill users of resources for homeless people, in order\\u000a to inform the targeted development of mental health services to address their varied needs. Data came from a survey of clientele\\u000a of resources for homeless persons in Montreal and Quebec (N = 757) and this study includes the 369 people from

Jean-Pierre Bonin; Louise Fournier; Régis Blais

2009-01-01

78

Educating Young People About Water  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Educating Young People About Water is a website for obtaining materials designed to help develop a community based, water education program that targets youth and links key community members. There are three guidebooks: A Guide to Program Planning and Evaluation, A Guide to Unique Program Strategies, and A Guide to Goals and Resources. The last guide is searchable on-line with more than 100 curricula summaries and checklists by grade level or topic. The guidebooks are five dollars each or can be downloaded from the site, and the 100 curricula materials are generally low cost or free. There is also a video available for eleven dollars that illustrates concepts explored in workshops where participants learn to design a community-based, youth water program. The video comes with a Program Leader Workshop Guide that explains how to conduct a workshop and use the materials in local planning session.

Monnett, Jeremy

1996-03-15

79

Randomized Trial of the Effects of Housing Assistance on the Health and Risk Behaviors of Homeless and Unstably Housed People Living with HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness affects HIV risk and health, but little is known about the longitudinal effects of rental assistance on the housing\\u000a status and health of homeless and unstably housed people living with HIV\\/AIDS. Homeless\\/unstably housed people living with\\u000a HIV\\/AIDS (N = 630) were randomly assigned to immediate Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS (HOPWA) rental assistance or customary\\u000a care. Self-reported data, CD4, and

Richard J. WolitskiDaniel; Daniel P. Kidder; Sherri L. Pals; Scott Royal; Angela Aidala; Ron Stall; David R. Holtgrave; David Harre; Cari Courtenay-Quirk

2010-01-01

80

Volunteering among Young People. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet presents information on the frequency of volunteering, trends in volunteering, and the organizations for which young people volunteer, utilizing data from multiple sources. Unlike many surveys, it shows that volunteering rates among young people are generally higher than they are among adults 26 and older. Findings of the Civic and…

Lopez, Mark Hugo; Marcelo, Karlo Barrios

2007-01-01

81

Client-provider relationships in a community health clinic for people who are experiencing homelessness.  

PubMed

Recognizing the importance of health-promoting relationships in engaging people who are experiencing homelessness in care, most research on health clinics for homeless persons has involved some recognition of client-provider relationships. However, what has been lacking is the inclusion of a critical analysis of the policy context in which relationships are enacted. In this paper, we question how client-provider relationships are enacted within the culture of community care with people who are experiencing homelessness and how clinic-level and broader social and health policies shape relationships in this context. We explore these questions within a critical theoretical perspective utilizing a critical ethnographic methodology. Data were collected using multiple methods of document review, participant observation, in-depth interviews and focus groups. The participants include both clients at a community health clinic, and all clinic service providers. We explore how clients and providers characterized each other as 'good' or 'bad'. For providers, this served as a means by which they policed behaviours and enforced social norms. The means by which both providers' and clients' negotiated relationships are explored, but this is couched within both local and system-level policies. This study highlights the importance of healthcare providers and clients being involved in broader policy and systemic change. PMID:23033851

Oudshoorn, Abe; Ward-Griffin, Catherine; Forchuk, Cheryl; Berman, Helene; Poland, Blake

2013-12-01

82

Active pulmonary tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection among homeless people in Seoul, South Korea: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of latent TB infection (LTBI) and active TB among homeless in Seoul metropolitan city, South Korea, and to compare the TB burden among homeless people with that of a control group. Methods The homeless participants were recruited from five sites between October 30, 2009 and April 12, 2010. LTBI was diagnosed through the QuantiFERON(R) TB Gold In-Tube(QFT-GIT) assay and a tuberculin skin test(TST) and, and active PTB was diagnosed based on chest radiography. Results Among 313 participants, the prevalence of LTBI was 75.9% (95% CI, 71.1-80.8%) and 79.8% (95% CI, 74.9-84.7%) based on a QFT-GIT assay and the TST, respectively, and that of active PTB was 5.8% (95% CI, 3.2-8.3%). The prevalence of LTBI among homeless participants was about five times higher than controls. Also, the age-specific prevalence rate ratio of active PTB was as high as 24.86. Conclusions The prevalence rate of LTBI as well as active PTB among homeless people was much higher than that of the general population in South Korea. Thus, adequate strategies to reduce the TB burden among homeless people are needed.

2013-01-01

83

Homeless Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of 190 homeless women in Portland, Oregon, found that most homeless women are young, have minor children, and are mobile. The majority have a history of physical or sexual abuse, many are in poor health, 18 percent have been in a mental hospital, and one-fourth are alcoholic. The implications of these findings for policies and practice are discussed.

Sandra C. Anderson; Tome Boe; Sharon Smith

1988-01-01

84

Continence advice by telehealth for young people.  

PubMed

Children and young people operate in an advanced technological world where new, exciting opportunities exist for remote interactions. To engage with these service users, we set up a nurse-led telehealth facility that enabled young people with spina bifida to access specialist continence service from home. This article describes efforts to embed this innovation into practice and offer insight to some of the challenges we faced in the process. It offers practical guidance on setting up similar services. PMID:24873107

McAlpine, Caroline; Henderson, Lisa; Levy, Sharon

85

Young People and Migration from Contemporary Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young Polish migrants to the UK are often portrayed as being highly educated and mobile: willing nomads who are privileged to be able to take advantage of new opportunities for travel and work abroad offered by European Union membership. However, there are also less well-educated young people who adopt migration as a livelihood strategy in…

White, Anne

2010-01-01

86

Asset Building for and by Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the four preceding articles on youth and saving, identifies policy and program implications, and suggests directions for future scholarship. It is clear that saving is difficult for many people and throughout the life course. Efforts to help young people accumulate assets might encourage saving by parents, encourage saving…

Beverly, Sondra G.

2013-01-01

87

Young People's Attitudes to Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of literature concerning the attitudes of young Germans toward technology focuses on feelings about both technology itself and technological change, the process of socialization toward technology, and interest in computers. It is concluded that the popular German notion of widespread hostility toward technology is not supported. (MSE)

Wahler, Peter; Tully, Claus J.

1991-01-01

88

Prevalence of tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus, and HIV in homeless people: a systematic review and meta-analysis  

PubMed Central

Summary Background 100 million people worldwide are homeless; rates of mortality and morbidity are high in this population. The contribution of infectious diseases to these adverse outcomes is uncertain. Accurate estimates of prevalence data are important for public policy and planning and development of clinical services tailored to homeless people. We aimed to establish the prevalence of tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus, and HIV in homeless people. Methods We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature for studies of the prevalence of tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus, and HIV in homeless populations. We also searched bibliographic indices, scanned reference lists, and corresponded with authors. We explored potential sources of heterogeneity in the estimates by metaregression analysis and calculated prevalence ratios to compare prevalence estimates for homeless people with those for the general population. Findings We identified 43 eligible surveys with a total population of 63?812 (59?736 homeless individuals when duplication due to overlapping samples was accounted for). Prevalences ranged from 0·2% to 7·7% for tuberculosis, 3·9% to 36·2% for hepatitis C virus infection, and 0·3% to 21·1% for HIV infection. We noted substantial heterogeneity in prevalence estimates for tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus infection, and HIV infection (all Cochran's ?2 significant at p<0·0001; I2=83%, 95% CI 76–89; 95%, 94–96; and 94%, 93–95; respectively). Prevalence ratios ranged from 34 to 452 for tuberculosis, 4 to 70 for hepatitis C virus infection, and 1 to 77 for HIV infection. Tuberculosis prevalence was higher in studies in which diagnosis was by chest radiography than in those which used other diagnostic methods and in countries with a higher general population prevalence than in those with a lower general prevalence. Prevalence of HIV infection was lower in newer studies than in older ones and was higher in the USA than in the rest of the world. Interpretation Heterogeneity in prevalence estimates for tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus, and HIV suggests the need for local surveys to inform development of health services for homeless people. The role of targeted and population-based measures in the reduction of risks of infectious diseases, premature mortality, and other adverse outcomes needs further examination. Guidelines for screening and treatment of infectious diseases in homeless people might need to be reviewed. Funding The Wellcome Trust.

Beijer, Ulla; Wolf, Achim; Fazel, Seena

2012-01-01

89

Homelessness and health  

Microsoft Academic Search

HOMELESSNESS AFFECTS TENS OF THOUSANDS OF CANADIANS and has important health implications. Homeless people are at increased risk of dying prematurely and suffer from a wide range of health problems, including seizures, chronic obstructive pul- monary disease, musculoskeletal disorders, tuberculosis, and skin and foot prob- lems. Homeless people also face significant barriers that impair their access to health care. More

Stephen W. Hwang

90

Homelessness and theory reconsidered  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theory will not directly explain the development of policy and provision for homeless people, but it is an important consideration and one deserving of careful attention. In the UK, however, homelessness has often been explained simplistically and somewhat atheoretically as either a housing or a welfare problem, caused either by structural or by individual factors. Likewise, homeless people have been

Joanne Neale

1997-01-01

91

"Something to Smile About": An Evaluation of a Capacity-Building Oral Health Intervention for Staff Working with Homeless People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To use a qualitative exploration to evaluate whether "Something to Smile About" (STSA), an oral health intervention, had increased the oral health capacity of staff working with homeless people. Setting: A National Health Service board area in Scotland. Method: A purposive sample of 14 staff members from STSA-participating organizations…

Coles, Emma; Watt, Celia; Freeman, Ruth

2013-01-01

92

Partner violence among homeless young adults: measurement issues and associations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The primary goal of this study was to test the reliability of the Partner Violence Interview and examine validity by measuring differential correlates of partner violence.Methods: Sixty young adults (30 males and 30 females) housed in an urban shelter participated in this study. All participants were between the ages of 18 and 21 years and the majority were African-American.

Neil W Boris; Sherryl Scott Heller; Tonya Sheperd; Charles H Zeanah

2002-01-01

93

Life events preceding suicide by young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Life events are often reported to precede suicide. This paper aims to determine the frequency, timing and type of life events\\u000a preceding suicide by young people and those with and without a mental illness. Method Informants, usually family members, were interviewed for a sample of young (less than 35 years) suicides. Information was\\u000a recorded on events occurring in the

J. Cooper; L. Appleby; T. Amos

2002-01-01

94

Tips for Young People. Talk and Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most young people look forward to the day when they can leave school or college behind and start work. If you are starting work for the first time, or even going on your first work placement, you are probably feeling pretty excited. There's a lot to learn, a lot of new people to meet--a chance to be more independent. But maybe you feel a bit…

Basic Skills Agency, 2012

2012-01-01

95

Photovoice in a Toronto community partnership: exploring the social determinants of health with homeless people.  

PubMed

When working on social justice issues, it is easy to become overwhelmed by the problems faced. To maintain morale, it helps to be creative, have fun, and see results. In the spring of 2006, we were able to bring together a group of people to document, first hand, the daily experience of being homeless in the City of Toronto. Using photography and story telling, we were able to give voice to a population not often heard. Our powerful images reached out to the public through events and publications. This resulted not only in great coverage and discussion of the important issues we were addressing, but also in a successful and rewarding group project that benefited group members in many ways. PMID:20208246

Halifax, Nancy Viva; Yurichuk, Fred; Meeks, Jim; Khandor, Erika

2008-01-01

96

Peer Led Focus Groups and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer led focus groups, a qualitative social science research method, and their use with young people are examined. The paper outlines three developments that have contributed to their emergence, namely: traditional focus groups, peer education and participatory research. Drawing on a study in progress, the advantages and challenges associated with…

Murray, Cathy

2006-01-01

97

The Economic Education of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the economic conditions that are new to Russia, young people are subjected to the influence of many factors. On the one hand, they are compelled to put up opposition to the economic system, while on the other hand they are compelled to be actively involved in it. In either case they have to solve the problem of how to survive in the system.…

Prutchenkov, A.; Teriukova, T.

2010-01-01

98

Volunteering Among Young People. CIRCLE Fact Sheet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volunteering rates among young people are generally higher than they are among adults 26 and older. However, measuring volunteer rates among all adults is a difficult task. In recent years, efforts at measuring volunteering have produced widely different estimates, largely because of the methods employed to measure volunteering. For example, the…

Lopez, Mark Hugo

2004-01-01

99

African-American Literature for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of African-American literature for young people. Describes the setbacks resulting from cutbacks of federal funds for schools and libraries, as publishers cut back on materials they did not consider marketable. Suggests bibliographic resources for discovering works for children by or about African Americans. (DK)

Drew, Margaret A.

1992-01-01

100

Marijuana: Implications of Use by Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses survey and interview data and recent findings to consider the marijuana problem in the following areas: marijuana use at an early age and for negative reasons; drug effects leading to learning impairment and school behavior problems; young people lacking accurate information; and usage leading to other drug use. (Author/RC)

Lamanna, Michael

1981-01-01

101

Young People in the Secondary Employment Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The phrase "secondary employment" has been familiar to the majority of Russians since back in the Soviet era, and can reasonably be viewed as part of a broader process of adaptation to new economic conditions since the end of the late 1980s. With young people, however, this approach to the phenomenon of secondary employment is not entirely…

Zvonovskii, V.; Belousova, R.

2007-01-01

102

How General Practitioners Determine Young People's Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, 300 doctors in Victoria were asked to make decisions about a hypothetical patient's competence and confidentiality. It appears that assumptions embedded in relevant law, the vague nature of existing legal criteria and the diversity in assessment practices all have the potential to act as obstacles to young people's claim to…

Bartholomew, Terence

2009-01-01

103

How Young People Interpret Teachers' Sanctions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of four experiments concerning the way young people interpret an intended or expressed sanction (praise or blame) from a teacher are presented. The intention of the four studies was to expose the flaws in Meyer's 1984 attempted explanations of such interpretation, in which sanctions are paradoxically received by the student as an…

Hofer, Manfred

104

Sexting and Young People: Experts' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people's "sexting"--defined by the "Macquarie Dictionary Online" (2010) as the sending and receiving of sexually explicit images via mobile phones--has become a focus of much media reporting; however, research regarding the phenomenon is in its infancy. This paper reports on the first phase of a study to understand this activity more…

Walker, Shelley; Sanci, Lena; Temple-Smith, Meredith

2011-01-01

105

Impact of nursing intervention on improving HIV, hepatitis knowledge and mental health among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge and HBV and HCV knowledge at 6 months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group. PMID:22797748

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-04-01

106

Street careers: homelessness, drug use, and sex work among young men who have sex with men (YMSM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Hustling” or sex work is a common means of surviving on the streets and paying for drugs among homeless youth. In this article, we formulate the concepts of “street capital” and “street competencies” to describe how 10 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in New York City accumulated various knowledge and skills throughout their childhood and adolescence, and

Stephen E. Lankenau; Michael C. Clatts; Dorinda Welle; Lloyd A. Goldsamt; Marya Viost Gwadz

2005-01-01

107

Coming 'down here': young people's reflections on becoming entrenched in a local drug scene.  

PubMed

Recent research has highlighted the ways in which social structural processes and physical environments operate to push young drug users towards risk. We undertook this study in order to explore how young people who were currently street-entrenched characterized and understood their initiation into the local drug scene in downtown Vancouver, Canada. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 38 individuals recruited from a cohort of young drug users known as the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS). Participant narratives reflected an understanding among young people that they are simultaneously pulled and pushed towards the local scene. Push factors were understood as circumstances that propelled young people towards this setting, in some cases because of proximity to it from a very early age, and in other cases because of adverse situations experienced elsewhere and the need to find a new place to live that was both affordable and safe. Interwoven with accounts of how youth were pushed towards the local scene were stories that emphasized a high degree of autonomy and the factors that initially attracted them to this scene, including a desire for excitement, independence and belonging. Once young people were more permanently based in downtown Vancouver, participants identified several factors that accelerated their entrenchment in this locale, including increasingly 'problematic' drug use, an intensified need to generate income, experiences of chronic homelessness, and unstable social relationships. Our findings stress the need for early intervention with youth, before they are initiated into the social networks and processes that rapidly propel young people towards risk within these contexts. Once initiation has occurred, the boundary between safety and risk quickly becomes difficult to navigate, and young people become highly vulnerable to numerous harms. PMID:19700232

Fast, Danya; Small, Will; Wood, Evan; Kerr, Thomas

2009-10-01

108

Premarital Sexuality Among Young People, 1973  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This latest offering from the Data and Program Library Service (DPLS) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison provides data from interviews with over 1,300 single college and non-student young people. "Information was collected on the social aspects of premarital sexuality, current sexual behavior, and contraceptive knowledge and use." Users can view the survey code books in .pdf format and, after free registration, download the data in .tar or .zip formats. Downloading guidelines are provided.

109

Modeling Minority Stress Effects on Homelessness and Health Disparities among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men.  

PubMed

Sexual minority youth are more likely to experience homelessness, and homeless sexual minority youth report greater risk for mental health and substance abuse symptoms than homeless heterosexual youth, yet few studies have assessed determinants that help explain the disparities. Minority stress theory proposes that physical and mental health disparities among sexual minority populations may be explained by the stress produced by living in heterosexist social environments characterized by stigma and discrimination directed toward sexual minority persons. We used data from a sample of 200 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) (38 % African American, 26.5 % Latino/Hispanic, 23.5 % White, 12 % multiracial/other) to develop an exploratory path model measuring the effects of experience and internalization of sexual orientation stigma on depression and substance use via being kicked out of home due to sexual orientation and current homelessness. Direct significant paths were found from experience of sexual orientation-related stigma to internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma, having been kicked out of one's home, experiencing homelessness during the past year, and major depressive symptoms during the past week. Having been kicked out of one's home had a direct significant effect on experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months and on daily marijuana use. Internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma and experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months partially mediated the direct effect of experience of sexual orientation-related stigma on major depressive symptoms. Our empirical testing of the effects of minority stress on health of YMSM advances minority stress theory as a framework for investigating health disparities among this population. PMID:24807702

Bruce, Douglas; Stall, Ron; Fata, Aimee; Campbell, Richard T

2014-06-01

110

Supporting Homeless Youth during the Transition to Adulthood: Housing-Based Independent Living Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While many young people depend on parental financial and emotional support well past the age of 18, those who are homeless must make the transition to adulthood without that support. This article discusses the needs of homeless youth as they transition to adulthood. It then describes three housing-based independent living programs designed to…

Dworsky, Amy

2010-01-01

111

Pathways In and Out of Substance Use among Homeless-Emerging Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although high rates of alcohol and drug use have been found among homeless young people, less is known about who is responsible for their initiation, the reasons for their continued use, and why some individuals eventually transition out of using whereas others do not. Based on qualitative interviews with 40 homeless individuals 19 to 21 years of…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Johnson, Katherine A.

2006-01-01

112

A Typology of Young People's Internet Use: Implications for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a nationally representative survey of over a 1000 young people in the UK this paper proposes a typology of the ways young people are using the Internet outside formal educational settings; and examines the individual and contextual factors that help to explain why young people are using the Internet in this way. Specifically, this…

Eynon, Rebecca; Malmberg, Lars-Erik

2011-01-01

113

Young People's Wellbeing: Contradictions in Managing the Healthy Self  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the contradictions and complexities of young people's management of their health and wellbeing. It argues that it is important to understand how young people actively produce health outcomes, drawing substantially on themes developed in my recent book on young people and wellbeing (Wyn, 2009). The background to this…

Wyn, Johanna

2009-01-01

114

Developing a "Productive" Account of Young People's Transition Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on the first two years of a longitudinal study of young people's pathway and career-related experiences and perspectives. It argues for a richer conceptualisation of young people's transition to study, training and employment than what simple school-to-labour market models allow. We present four clusters of young people's…

Vaughan, Karen; Roberts, Josie

2007-01-01

115

Sixth Sense: The Disabled Children and Young People's Participation Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disabled Children and Young Peoples Participation Project (DCYPPP) was established by Barnardos (Northern Ireland) in 2002 to explore ways of involving children and young people with disabilities in decision-making processes within Children's Services Planning of the Health and Social Services Board. Over 200 young people have participated in…

Murray, Rosemary

2012-01-01

116

Prevalence of Syphilis and associated factors in homeless people of Sao Paulo, Brazil, using a Rapid Test.  

PubMed

Introduction: Homeless people are a vulnerable group to sexually transmitted diseases (STD) with high prevalence of syphilis and hepatitis. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of syphilis infection and its association with risky behaviors for STDs in a sample of homeless people, and to assess the feasibility of the use of rapid syphilis test (RST) in this population. Methods: Cross-sectional study, in a convenience sample of homeless people assisted in social support services of São Paulo, between 2006 and 2007. A structured questionnaire was applied and RST was performed. In addition, a blood sample for syphilis detection was also collected. The sensitivity and specificity of the RST was estimated using conventional laboratory diagnosis (VDRL + TPHA) as reference. Results: 1,405 volunteers were included in the study. The prevalence rate of syphilis was 7.0%, and was associated with homosexual practices (ORadj 4.9; 95%CI 2.6 - 9.4), prior history of STD (ORadj 2.6; 95%CI 1.7 - 4.0) and with self-referred non-white race (ORadj 1.9; 95%CI 1.1 - 3.4). The sensitivity and specificity of the RST for syphilis were, respectively, 81.4 and 92.1%. Conclusion: The high prevalence of syphilis infection among homeless people shows the need for actions for its control and the utilization of RST that can be considered an efficient strategy due to its sensitivity and specificity. Public Health policymakers must strengthen actions for syphilis control, with screening tests for syphilis and early treatment, decreasing morbidity with the improvement of sexual and reproductive health of the population in general and especially the most vulnerable. PMID:24918408

Pinto, Valdir Monteiro; Tancredi, Mariza Vono; Alencar, Herculano Duarte Ramos De; Camolesi, Elisabeth; Holcman, Márcia Moreira; Grecco, João Paulo; Grangeiro, Alexandre; Grecco, Elisabete Taeko Onaga

2014-06-01

117

Perpetrators of early physical and sexual abuse among homeless and runaway adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine abuse specific variables among homeless and runaway adolescents and to look at perpetrators of childhood abuse.Method: A total of 372 homeless and runaway adolescents were interviewed using a systematic sampling strategy in metropolitan Seattle. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers in youth service agencies.Results: Approximately one-half of these young people

Kimberly A Tyler; Ana Mari Cauce

2002-01-01

118

Asymptomatic Mycoplasma genitalium infection amongst marginalised young people accessing a youth health service in Melbourne.  

PubMed

We conducted a study to establish the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium amongst asymptomatic young people experiencing homelessness in the context of comprehensive health care delivery. All asymptomatic young people at risk of sexually transmitted infections were offered urinary polymerase chain reaction testing for M. genitalium whilst being tested for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae over a four-month period in 2012. Those who tested positive were notified of the infection and offered treatment. Sixty asymptomatic young people (36 female and 24 male) were tested for M. genitalium, identifying eight cases (13%) (six female and two male). Ten young people (17%) tested positive for C. trachomatis, three (5%) of whom were positive for both M. genitalium and C. trachomatis. There were no cases of N. gonorrhoeae. Of the eight cases of M. genitalium, seven were contactable and five were treated at our clinic with azithromycin 1 g stat. Two of the five returned after a month for a test of cure, identifying one resistant infection. Further data on the epidemiology of M. genitalium are required before testing recommendations can be made; however, consideration should be given to testing for M. genitalium in settings where other sexually transmitted infections are prevalent. PMID:24026408

Henning, Dorothy; Eade, Donna; Langstone, Alison; Bean-Hodges, Alison; Marceglia, Alexandra; Azzopardi, Peter

2014-03-01

119

An exploration of subjective wellbeing among people experiencing homelessness: a strengths-based approach.  

PubMed

Negative perceptions of homelessness contribute to deficit models of practice, false notions of homogeneity, and marginalization. Wellbeing is a state of satisfaction with material, social, and human aspects of life and can be measured both objectively and subjectively. The study explored the meaning and experience of wellbeing in the everyday lives of 20 homeless participants through fieldwork and interviews. This study revealed that health contributed little to their overall perception of wellbeing. Keeping safe, being positive and feeling good, connecting with others, and the ability to participate in "normal" life were the key contributors of subjective wellbeing. The authors demonstrate that social exclusion experienced in homelessness has a negative effect on subjective wellbeing. Services that provide opportunities to experience social inclusion and develop community and cultural connections will improve the wellbeing of homeless persons. PMID:23078011

Thomas, Yvonne; Gray, Marion A; McGinty, Sue

2012-01-01

120

Exploring Health Priorities for Young People Leaving Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Care-leavers are considered amongst the most vulnerable and disadvantaged group of young people with worse health outcomes than their peers. However, there is limited evidence to suggest how this can be improved, particularly from the perspective of the young people themselves. The aim of this study was to explore the health priorities of young

Matthews, Susan; Sykes, Susie

2012-01-01

121

Risk Factors for Suicide and Attempted Suicide among Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Suicide rates in young people have increased during the past three decades, particularly among young males, and there is increasing public and policy concern about the issue of youth suicide in Australia and New Zealand. This paper summarises current knowledge about risk factors for suicide and suicide attempts in young people.Method: Evidence about risk factors for suicidal behaviour in

Annette L. Beautrais

2000-01-01

122

Exploring Young People's Beliefs and Images about Sun Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand young people's low levels of sun protection behaviour, 145 young people (aged 12 to 20 years) were recruited from Queensland, to participate in a one-hour focus group where they discussed issues related to sun protection and images of tanned and non-tanned people. Responses were content analysed to identify common sun protection…

White, K. M.; Robinson, N. G.; Young, R. McD.; Anderson, P. J.; Hyde, M. K.; Greenbank, S.; Keane, J.; Rolfe, T.; Vardon, P.; Baskerville, D.

2008-01-01

123

Estrangement Factors Associated with Addiction to Alcohol and Drugs among Homeless Youth in Three U. S. Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance use is highly prevalent among homeless, street-involved young people. Societal estrangement is often associated with substance use, particularly among this population. The current study sought to identify four domains of social estrangement (disaffiliation, human capital, identification with homeless culture, and psychological…

Thompson, Sanna; Jun, Jina; Bender, Kimberly; Ferguson, Kristin M.; Pollio, David E.

2010-01-01

124

Project Jump: Young People's Perspectives on a Sexual Health Drama Project for Hard to Reach Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the qualitative process findings from an evaluation of Project Jump--a sexual health drama project for hard to reach young people. Project Jump aimed to enable young people to consider their sexual behaviour and its impact and consequence on other people and themselves. The research aimed to capture the experiences and…

Orme, Judy; Salmon, Debra; Mages, Linda

2007-01-01

125

Randomized trial of the effects of housing assistance on the health and risk behaviors of homeless and unstably housed people living with HIV.  

PubMed

Homelessness affects HIV risk and health, but little is known about the longitudinal effects of rental assistance on the housing status and health of homeless and unstably housed people living with HIV/AIDS. Homeless/unstably housed people living with HIV/AIDS (N = 630) were randomly assigned to immediate Housing Opportunities for People with AIDS (HOPWA) rental assistance or customary care. Self-reported data, CD4, and HIV viral load were collected at baseline, 6, 12, and 18 months. Results showed that housing status improved in both groups, with greater improvement occurring in the treatment group. At 18 months, 51% of the comparison group had their own housing, limiting statistical power. Intent-to-treat analyses demonstrated significant reductions in medical care utilization and improvements in self-reported physical and mental health; significant differential change benefiting the treatment group was observed for depression and perceived stress. Significant differences between homeless and stably housed participants were found in as-treated analyses for health care utilization, mental health, and physical health. HOPWA rental assistance improves housing status and, in some cases, health outcomes of homeless and unstably housed people living with HIV/AIDS. PMID:19949848

Wolitski, Richard J; Kidder, Daniel P; Pals, Sherri L; Royal, Scott; Aidala, Angela; Stall, Ron; Holtgrave, David R; Harre, David; Courtenay-Quirk, Cari

2010-06-01

126

Sexual Health: The Role of Sexual Health Services Among Homeless Young Women Living in Toronto, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent statistics indicate limited condom use, high STI (sexually transmitted infection) rates, and a general lack of knowledge about reproductive and sexual health among homeless youth. This research focuses on the experiences of homeless female and transgendered youth, providing an insider’s perspective on shaping sexual health interventions. This qualitative research is based on life history interviews and participant observation with

Vanessa Oliver; Rebecca Cheff

2012-01-01

127

The New Homelessness Revisited  

PubMed Central

The ‘new homelessness’ has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Contributions by sociologists and other social scientists since the mid-1990s differentiate among types of homelessness, provide credible demographic estimates, and show how being homeless affects a person's life chances and coping strategies. Agreement also exists about the main macro- and micro-level causes of homelessness. Active lines of inquiry examine public, media, and governmental responses to the problem as well as homeless people's efforts to mobilize on their own behalf. Despite the obstacles faced when studying a stigmatized population marked by high turnover and weak anchors to place, recent investigations have significantly influenced homelessness policy. A greater emphasis on prevention should further strengthen the research-policy nexus.

Lee, Barrett A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.; Wright, James D.

2014-01-01

128

The effectiveness of critical time intervention for abused women and homeless people leaving Dutch shelters: study protocol of two randomised controlled trials  

PubMed Central

Background One of the main priorities of Dutch organisations providing shelter services is to develop evidence-based interventions in the care for abused women and homeless people. To date, most of these organisations have not used specific intervention models and the interventions which have been implemented rarely have an empirical and theoretical foundation. The present studies aim to examine the effectiveness of critical time intervention (CTI) for abused women and homeless people. Methods In two multi-centre randomised controlled trials we investigate whether CTI, a time-limited (nine month) outreach intervention, is more effective than care-as-usual for abused women and homeless people making the transition from shelter facilities to supported or independent housing. Participants were recruited in 19 women’s shelter facilities and 22 homeless shelter facilities across The Netherlands and randomly allocated to the intervention group (CTI) or the control group (care-as-usual). They were interviewed four times in nine months: once before leaving the shelter, and then at three, six and nine months after leaving the shelter. Quality of life (primary outcome for abused women) and recurrent loss of housing (primary outcome for homeless people) as well as secondary outcomes (e.g. care needs, self-esteem, loneliness, social support, substance use, psychological distress and service use) were assessed during the interviews. In addition, the model integrity of CTI was investigated during the data collection period. Discussion Based on international research CTI is expected to be an appropriate intervention for clients making the transition from institutional to community living. If CTI proves to be effective for abused women and homeless people, shelter services could include this case management model in their professional standards and improve the (quality of) services for clients. Trial registration NTR3463 and NTR3425

2013-01-01

129

Young People's Involvement in Service Evaluation and Decision Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined young people's decision making on issues that affect their lives: bullying in different contexts (e.g., family, peer groups, school) and their involvement in evaluating the availability and effectiveness of support services (e.g., disability, care). Key aims of this study were to offer young people a platform to evaluate…

Hartas, Dimitra; Lindsay, Geoff

2011-01-01

130

Study of Young People Permanently Excluded from School. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tracked the careers, over 2 years, of 193 young English people (particularly at-risk groups) after their permanent exclusion from mainstream schools during 9th, 10th, or 11th grade. The study investigated the impact of pre- and post-exclusion processes, provisions, and outcomes on these young people's life-chances and wider indicators…

Daniels, Harry; Cole, Ted; Sellman, Edward; Sutton, Jane; Visser, John; Bedward, Julie

131

On Young People's Experience of Systems in Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immersed in a technologically complex world, young people make sense of a multi-faceted set of events in everyday life. This article investigates the variation in how Swedish young people experience technological systems and is based on interviews focusing three systems concerning transport, energy and communication--contextualised in relation to…

Svensson, Maria; Zetterqvist, Ann; Ingerman, Ake

2012-01-01

132

The Value Priorities of Young People in the Siberian Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the implications of the survey results involving young people in the Siberian Region on their value priorities. In the process of their socialization, special importance attaches to the problem of the value priorities of young people. Among these, in the authors opinion, it is possible to single out both spiritual and moral…

Orlova, V. V.

2010-01-01

133

The Values and Attitudes of Russia's Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous surveys by the Russian Center for Public-Opinion Research [VTsIOM] have shown that young people, in contrast to members of the middle and, especially, the older generations, typically have a high degree of satisfaction with their lives: more than three-fifths of young people (66 percent) are satisfied, just over one-quarter (27 percent)…

Zorkaia, Nataliia; Diuk, Nadia M.

2005-01-01

134

Mental Health Help-Seeking and Young People: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United Kingdom, the issue of health and social care of young people is now a major concern for the government. Thus, a recent government green paper has insisted on the provision of early and appropriate interventions for young peoples' mental health difficulties and that their views must be incorporated into the design of mental health services. More recently,

Despina M. Rothì; Gerard Leavey

2006-01-01

135

Young People and Alcohol in Italy: An Evolving Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Italy, commonly held opinions and interpretations about the relationship between young people and alcohol are often expressed as generalizations and approximations. In order to further understanding of the relationship between young people and alcohol in contemporary Italy, we have gathered, compared and discussed all the available data, both…

Beccaria, Franca; Prina, Franco

2010-01-01

136

Young People's Uses of Celebrity: Class, Gender and "Improper" Celebrity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we explore the question of how celebrity operates in young people's everyday lives, thus contributing to the urgent need to address celebrity's social function. Drawing on data from three studies in England on young people's perspectives on their educational and work futures, we show how celebrity operates as a classed and…

Allen, Kim; Mendick, Heather

2013-01-01

137

Sexual health education interventions for young people: a methodological review  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractObjectives: To locate reports of sexual health education interventions for young people, assess the methodological quality of evaluations, identify the subgroup with a methodologically sound design, and assess the evidence with respect to the effectiveness of different approaches to promoting young people's sexual health.Design: Survey of reports in English by means of electronic databases and hand searches for relevant studies

Ann Oakley; Deirdre Fullerton; Janet Holland; Sean Arnold; Merry France Dawson; Peter Kelley; Sheena McGrellis

1995-01-01

138

Perceptions of sex education for young people in Lesotho  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to identify the views of young people, parents and teachers concerning sex education in Lesotho. It was conducted at a time when the national government was considering the introduction of Population and Family Life Education, which includes sex education, into the national school curriculum. Forty?six focus group discussions were held with young people (10), parents (30) and

Akim J. Mturi; Monique M. Hennink

2005-01-01

139

Color ratings for safety signs by young and elderly people  

Microsoft Academic Search

When devising for safety colors, it is desirable to predict the physical and physiological effects to use. This paper reports on the results of experiments concerning how young and elderly people perceive the colors used for safety signs. A questionnaire on color preferences and visibility experiments were conducted. The evaluation experiments using young people were carried out in a lecture

Haruyo OHNO

140

Agency in the Social Biographies of Young People in Belgrade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article deals with the formation of the social biographies of young people through the interplay of structure and agency. The aim is to provide a grounded typology of patterns of young people's agency within the process of shaping social biographies. The structural context addressed in the article consists of family resources and habitus. The…

Tomanovic, Smiljka

2012-01-01

141

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on rural youth in Russia shows that keeping qualified and ambitious young people in the rural economy will require creating conditions for young people to exercise initiative in the rural economy and diminishing the gap in quality of life between rural and urban environments. Only in this way can the pessimism of rural youth be overcome.

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2013-01-01

142

A Tale of Two Playgrounds: Young People and Politics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses two stories to illustrate the political attitudes of today's youth. The first story, about a group of young people in a working class area of St. Paul, Minnesota, who were part of the youth civic engagement initiative called Public Achievement, suggests ways to re-engage young people with politics. Through this initiative, students…

Boyte, Harry C.

143

A Study of Young Lesbian and Gay People's School Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This retrospective study used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to explore young lesbian and gay (LG) people's experiences of school in relation to their sexuality and their perceptions of how schools could be inclusive for young LG people. Participants were in the age range of 16 to 21 and provided insights into coping strategies,…

Robinson, Kathryn

2010-01-01

144

Cognitive Appraisals in Young People with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A number of cognitive appraisals have been identified as important in the manifestation of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in adults. There have, however, been few attempts to explore these cognitive appraisals in clinical groups of young people. Method: This study compared young people aged between 11 and 18 years with OCD (N =…

Libby, Sarah; Reynolds, Shirley; Derisley, Jo; Clark, Sarah

2004-01-01

145

Paying Young People to Learn--Does It Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Maintenance Allowance (EMA) was designed to encourage more young people from lower-income households to participate in post-compulsory education. This has been extended to other groups of young people, most notably those who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) or in jobs without training (JWT). This paper presents…

Maguire, Sue

2008-01-01

146

Youth Work with Vulnerable Young People. Interchange No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was conducted in Scotland to evaluate the effectiveness of youth work with vulnerable young people, primarily between the ages of 13 and 16. Four complementary methods were adopted: (1) a survey of secondary school students; (2) a series of focus group interviews with young people with experience of youth work; (3) interviews with…

Powney, Janet; Furlong, Andy; Cartmel, Fred; Hall, Stuart

147

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural young people in today's Russia have the ability to contribute to Russia's development, but conditions in the Russian countryside do not provide opportunities for them to do so. Potentially, rural young people represent an innovative resource of social, economic, and cultural development, a vital factor of the material and intellectual…

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2012-01-01

148

A Social Portrait of Young People in Today's Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social development of young people is a single, continuous process, the objective of which is for young people to absorb the social experience accumulated by preceding generations and to renovate that experience in qualitative ways and transmit it to future generations. In as much as it is a component of more general processes of the reforming…

Eshpanova, D. D.; Nysanbaev, A. N.

2006-01-01

149

Adolescents' Beliefs about Why Young People Commit Crime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to obtain adolescents' perspectives about why young people offend. Twenty-four Australian male and female offenders and non-offenders offered insights about what, according to them, motivates young people to become involved in crime. Without the use of sophisticated language, participants offered explanations that…

Skrzypiec, Grace

2013-01-01

150

Sudden cardiac death in young people with apparently normal heart  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of subtle morphologic substrates, clinically unrecognizable, underlying sudden cardiac death (SCD) in young people with apparently normal heart. Methods: In the time interval 1979-1998, 273 consecutive cases of SCD in young people (#35 years) which occurred in the Veneto Region of Italy were prospectively studied. Following exclusion of

Domenico Corrado; Cristina Basso; Gaetano Thiene

151

Participatory Approaches to Longitudinal Research with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Life-Patterns project is a panel-cohort longitudinal study following the life trajectories of 1,908 young people who left school in Victoria in 1991. The project attempts to obtain nuanced pictures of young people's lives in three ways: using a reflexive longitudinal study design, with opportunities for participant feedback and influence on…

Woodman, Dan; Tyler, Debra

2007-01-01

152

Socio-Demographic Vulnerability: The Condition of Italian Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For a kind of inertia effect, today the Italian welfare state protects the older too much and, on the contrary, it does not counter sufficiently the new risks associated with other phases of life. Not much seems to be implemented in favour of Italian young people who, as a matter of fact, seem to suffer a lot from the present changes: young people

Busetta, A.; Milito, A. M.

2010-01-01

153

"Participatory Parity", Young People and Policy in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last three decades have witnessed significant changes in the social and economic context of young people's lives. There is increasing evidence that for young people growing up in the UK, this is fuelling a disparity between those with resources and those without. What this means in terms of social justice, however, is difficult to…

Mackie, Alan; Tett, Lyn

2013-01-01

154

Homeless, Not Hopeless: Ensuring Educational Opportunity for America's Homeless Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This position document is introduced by a fact sheet that lists the numbers of homeless people and the appropriations for various programs that assist homeless people. The executive summary discusses: (1) the plight of homeless children; (2) the passage of the McKinney Homeless Assistance Amendments of 1990 by the U.S. Congress; (3) services…

Johnson, Joseph F., Jr., Ed.; Wand, Barbara, Ed.

155

Barriers to Sexual Health Services for Young People in Nepal  

PubMed Central

Although sexual and reproductive health education and services are provided to young people, current rates of HIV infection and pregnancy are increasing in Nepal, indicating that young people do not always use sexual health services. Health facilities have apparently failed to provide young people with specialized sexual health education and services. This study explored the barriers to using sexual health services, including condom-use among young people in Nepal. Participants from 10 focus groups and 31 in-depth interviews, carried out by a same-sex researcher, reported many socioeconomic, cultural and physical norms that impose barriers to accessing information on sexual health and relevant services. It is concluded that the establishment of youth-friendly service centres in convenient places might help encourage young people to use sexual health services.

van Teijlingen, Edwin; Simkhada, Padam; Acharya, Dev Raj

2010-01-01

156

Developing Support for Siblings of Young People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the USA and UK, at least one in ten children and young people have special health, developmental and mental health concerns. Most of these people have typically developing brothers and sisters. As the people who, over the course of their lifetimes together, will be most involved with their siblings with special needs, it is important that…

Conway, Sally; Meyer, Donald

2008-01-01

157

Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences...Prevalence, Drug Use, and Other At-Risk Behaviors. A FYSB Research Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professionals who work with runaway, throwaway, and homeless youth have long known that many of these young people leave home to escape abusive and/or destructive family situations. This update presents the findings of a national study on such children. Results of the study, "Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences: Prevalence,…

Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

158

Implementing Assertive Community Treatment in Diverse Settings for People Who Are Homeless With Co-Occurring Mental and Addictive Disorders: A Series of Case Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Assertive Community Treatment model (ACT) was developed more than 30 years ago to treat individuals with serious and persistent mental illness. This qualitative study highlights practical challenges encountered when establishing ACT teams in diverse settings serving people who are homeless with co-occurring mental and addictive disorders (COD). Program administrators and evaluators from nine programs located in seven states completed

Steven Neumiller; Felecia Bennett-Clark; M. Scott Young; Brian Dates; Nahama Broner; Jessica Leddy; Dorothy Kendall; Stephanie Richards; Fred De Jong

2009-01-01

159

Homelessness and Dual Diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

People who are dually diagnosed with severe mental illness and substance use disorders constitute 10%–20% of homeless persons. They are a heterogeneous and extremely vulnerable subgroup with complex, poorly understood needs. In this article recent research on the epidemiology, subject characteristics, and service needs of the dually diagnosed homeless population is reviewed. Also, the range of evolving approaches to providing

Robert E. Drake; Fred C. Osher; Michael A. Wallach

1991-01-01

160

A Unique Population: Women Who Are Homeless and Mentally Ill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a unique population within the homeless community--women who are homeless and mentally ill. Homelessness prevalence and etiology data are presented, followed by a general discussion of how mental illness affects people who are homeless. The article provides an overview of women who are homeless, focusing on those who are…

Markos, Patricia A.; Baron, Heather Lyn; Allen, Daniel N.

2005-01-01

161

Joined-Up Practice: Five Areas of Exemplary Practice for Social Workers and Educators to Re-Engage Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people seen as "at risk" are a substantial focus across a wide range of policy and practice fields in national and international contexts. This article addresses two of those fields, youth homelessness and young people failing to obtain a basic education that will give them access to employment and full community participation. By comparing…

Crane, Phil; Livock, Cheryl

2012-01-01

162

The GAMY Project: young people’s attitudes to genetics in the South Wales valleys  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores young people’s attitudes to genetics. It describes a qualitative study involving a group of teenagers\\u000a in a deprived South Wales valley town over a period of 18 months. The GAMY (Genetics and Merthyr Youth) Project involved a\\u000a series of interactions with participants, including 2 interviews, 4 group days and 4 genetics tasks through which these young\\u000a people learned

Rachel Iredale; Kim Madden; Nicola Taverner; Juping Yu; Kevin McDonald

2010-01-01

163

Young people’s voiceless politics in the struggle over urban space  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the particularity of young people’s politics as it unfolds in the practice of everyday life. By exploring\\u000a a conflict concerning the use of a public park in the City of Oulu, Finland, we discuss how young people may participate in\\u000a struggles over urban space trough politics that is not based on voice but voicelessness. This political engagement

Kirsi Pauliina Kallio; Jouni Häkli

2011-01-01

164

Helping Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Access College Financial Aid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unaccompanied homeless youth are young people who lack safe, stable housing and who are not in the care of a parent or guardian. They may have run away from home or been forced to leave by their parents. Unaccompanied youth live in a variety of temporary situations, including shelters, the homes of friends or relatives, cars, campgrounds, public…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2007

2007-01-01

165

The Child Care Council of Westchester's "Hope for the Homeless."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of homelessness in Westchester County, New York has escalated sharply in the past few years. Estimates suggest that 5,000 people live in motels throughout the county. The largest segment of this population consists of families--women with young children. Mothers are often unable to participate in training programs due to a lack of…

McBride, Kathleen

166

Vocational Transition of Young People with Mental Handicap.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition process of young people with mental handicaps from secondary to postsecondary placements or employment are discussed. Drawing from the literature and service programs in Vancouver, British Columbia, new directions and promising practices are described. (Author/DB)

Lee, Margaret W. Y.; Csapo, Marg

1989-01-01

167

Young People of Low Educational Level: Promoting Innovative Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from the Balearic Islands (Spain) on the number of young people dropping out of the education system with no formal qualification and on the general level of education of the young population as a whole indicate that this region is not on a par with most of the other regions in Spain and the European Union as a whole. The regional government…

Mut, Francesca Salva; Trobat, Miquel F. Oliver; Sastre, Ana Maria Calvo

2006-01-01

168

Attitudes of Young People toward Diversity. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet summarizes young people's attitudes toward three groups that are sometimes targets of intolerance: gays, immigrants, and racial minorities. In general, the data show that young Americans are the most tolerant age group and are growing more tolerant over time. However, their social circles and voluntary associations (such as…

Olander, Michael; Kirby, Emily Hoban; Schmitt, Krista

2005-01-01

169

The Spatial Origins of the Homeless: How the Homeless Vary in Their Geographic Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been no such study to date to investigate the residential origin of the varying categories of homeless. This study investigates the spatial distribution of residential origins of the varying categories of homeless and the factors that contribute to the vulnerability of individuals to become homeless. The study categorizes homeless people based on gender, family status, the occurrence of

Deden Rukmana

2006-01-01

170

Executive Function Skills and School Success in Young Children Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the role of executive function (EF) skills as a predictor of kindergarten or first-grade adjustment in 138 children living in shelters for homeless families. During the summer, children completed a battery of six EF tasks and three IQ measures. Teachers later rated children's school adjustment in five domains of achievement…

Masten, Ann S.; Herbers, Janette E.; Desjardins, Christopher David; Cutuli, J. J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Sapienza, Julianna K.; Long, Jeffrey D.; Zelazo, Philip David

2012-01-01

171

Supporting Positive Parenting for Young Children Experiencing Homelessness: The PACT Therapeutic Nursery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sensitive parenting and secure attachment can serve as protective factors against developmental risks associated with high-risk environments such as homelessness and shelter living. This article describes a program for mothers with children from birth to 3 years old whose families are living in shelters and who are enrolled in PACT: Helping…

Melley, Alison Heinhold; Cosgrove, Kim; Norris-Shortle, Carole; Kiser, Laurel J.; Levey, Eric B.; Coble, Catherine A.; Leviton, Audrey

2010-01-01

172

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

173

Genetic testing in children and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guidelines on childhood genetic testing are in broad agreement that where there are no ‘urgent medical reasons’, presymptomatic\\u000a and predictive testing for adult-onset disorders, and carrier testing should be postponed until a child is able to give his\\u000a or her own consent, either as a competent young person, or as an adult. This paper explores situations in which this requirement

Michael Parker

2010-01-01

174

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes Among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about\\u000a how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared\\u000a those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a history of poor parenting

Kimberly A. TylerLisa; Lisa A. Melander

2010-01-01

175

A social semiotic interpretation of suicidal behaviour in young people.  

PubMed

This article presents a study of nurses' and doctors' perceptions of young people who engage in suicidal behaviour. A contemporary view of grounded theory is used to guide the collection and analysis of qualitative data from nurses and doctors working with young people in an accident and emergency department, paediatric medicine and child and adolescent mental health services (adolescent inpatient unit). The analysis of 45 semi-structured interviews generated the category: Processes of communication and associated meanings: Another voice, Complex messages and Seeing and using the social environment. A social semiotic framework is used to explore the way in which nurses and doctors perceive young people who engage in suicidal behaviour. The article concludes by considering the implications for policy and practice. PMID:15857865

Anderson, Martin; Standen, P J; Noon, Joe P

2005-05-01

176

Westernization and tobacco use among young people in Delhi, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have explored the relationship between acculturation and health in non-immigrant populations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between “westernization” and tobacco use among adolescents living in Delhi, India. A bi-dimensional model of acculturation was adapted for use in this study to examine (a) whether young people’s identification with Western culture in this setting is

Melissa Stigler; Poonam Dhavan; Duncan Van Dusen; Monika Arora; K. S. Reddy; Cheryl L. Perry

2010-01-01

177

Young People and HIV Prevention in Australian Schools.  

PubMed

Australia has not seen a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic among young people. However, early research in the Australian context had indicated that the degree of unprotected sexual activity, partner change, and STI infection in this cohort would fuel a young people's epidemic if HIV ever reached a tipping point in the country. The difficulty of reaching young people outside school for HIV prevention has been no more successfully addressed in Australia than elsewhere. Therefore, the investment of Australian HIV prevention funds for youth has had an emphasis on schoolbased programs. This emphasis on formal schooling has led to a history of engagement with the ad hoc and unreliable nature of sexuality education in Australian schools. It has particularly been the catalyst for a struggle to construct young people as sexually active and as possessing a right to appropriate education, against tides of both secular and religiously-motivated resistance. The eight state and territory education sectors, along with the independent sectors, have had differing and sometimes troubled histories with HIV prevention. This paper discusses the differing HIV education policies and programs that have emerged in Australian schooling historically, and in some cases been abandoned altogether, amid strong public debates. It also considers current approaches, the new national curriculum, and future challenges. Additionally, the particular case of same sex attracted young men, who have a heightened level of vulnerability to HIV, is explored. Australian schools have struggled to address both the imperative for relevant sexuality education for same-sex-attracted young people and the broader issue of combating homophobia, which research has linked directly to this vulnerability. PMID:24846485

Jones, Tiffany; Mitchell, Anne

2014-06-01

178

Permanent homelessness in America?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to determine the approximate number of homeless persons in the U.S., the rate of change in the number, and whether or not the problem is likely to be permanent or transitory. It makes particular use of a new 1985 survey of over 500 homeless people in New York City. It finds that:(1)the much-maligned 1984 study by the

Richard B. Freeman; Brian Hall

1987-01-01

179

Factors favoring psychological resilience among fostered young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have examined factors in an out-of-home care sample and explicitly tested these in a predictive model. The purpose of our study was to build an exploratory predictive model of psychological adjustment, defined in terms of anxiety and physical aggression. Participants comprised 220 young people, aged 14 to 17, residing in Ontario, Canada. Selected predictors consisted of the factors

Louise Legault; Michelle Anawati; Robert Flynn

2006-01-01

180

Counseling Interventions for Adolescents and Young People in Penal Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study focuses on the counseling interventions for adolescents and young people held in custody. The study analyses the social effects of imprisonment, the incapacitation effects of custody, the need for delivering counseling in custody. In addition it reviews evidence regarding the effects of delivering counseling interventions in…

Kiriakidis, Stavros

2008-01-01

181

Barriers to Dance Training for Young People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dance is a viable and enjoyable activity -- and potential career -- for young people with disabilities, yet they face several barriers to participation and training. The aim of this article, by Imogen J. Aujla of the University of Bedfordshire and Emma Redding of Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance, is to review the literature on…

Aujla, Imogen J.; Redding, Emma

2013-01-01

182

Conflict Experience: A Phenomenological Study among Young People in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate how young people in Sweden experience conflicts. The study is phenomenological, which means that the focus is on the essence of the investigated experience. Data have been collected by self-reports and analyzed with the help of an empirical phenomenological method. The research process has resulted in…

Szklarski, Andrzej

2007-01-01

183

Living Accommodation for Young People. Report of An Exploratory Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Research Station has embarked on a series of case-studies on the provision of living accommodations for single young people in the 15 to 24 age group in England who live away from home because of education, training or employment. An exploratory review of the existing literature on the subject was made. Discussed are some of the…

Allen, Phyllis G.; Miller, A.

184

A Voice for Children and Young People in the City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major challenge for researchers and urban planning practitioners is how to obtain meaningful and influential contributions on urban and environmental planning activities from children and young people within the constraints of adult policy and practice. The key elements of this challenge concern traditional methods of communication between…

Wilks, Judith; Rudner, Julie

2013-01-01

185

Identifying Young People's Guidance Needs through Telephone Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined needs expressed by young people in Guadalajara in Jalisco, Mexico, during phone calls to the Mexican Social Security Institute. Differences were significant by gender and age. Findings point to the need for more programs that reinforce good health practices, including avoiding risky behaviors. (BF)

Cruz, Bettylu Rasmussen; San Martin, Alfredo Hidalgo; Gutierrez, Bertha Lidia Nuno; Farias, Martha Villasenor; Mora, Iliana Sahagun

2001-01-01

186

Young People's Intended Civic and Political Participation: Does Education Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizenship education was introduced as a statutory subject in England in September 2002 with the aim of promoting civic and political engagement. However, whilst education is undoubtedly a powerful socialisation force, it is not the only factor that is likely to influence young people's civic and political participation. Political science…

Lopes, Joana; Benton, Thomas; Cleaver, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

187

Young People and Prostitution: An End to the Beginning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines some reasons for the failure to protect young people in England and Wales from sexual abuse inherent in prostitution. Identifies characteristics of the child protection system which fit poorly for work with these youth. Argues that lasting improvement of these children's well-being depends on the creation of "joined-up," integrated,…

Ayre, Patrick; Barrett, David

2000-01-01

188

Working with young people - towards an agenda for sexual health  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we outline key elements of a human rights-based framework for sexual health promotion that takes account of young people's needs and interests. This framework is located against the backdrop of a critique of the way in which negative definitions of 'sexual health' and of 'adolescence', as well as restrictions on open and appropriate sex education in schools,

Peter Aggleton; Cathy Campbell

2000-01-01

189

Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides the text for United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People. This document is part of a special collection of resources in the journal that address sexual abuse and the growing number of both confirmed and alleged cases of pedophilia and sexual abuse within the Catholic Church. (RC)

Momentum, 2002

2002-01-01

190

Information on Sexuality for Young People and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book was designed to be a reference material as part of a comprehensive sex education program or as a family resource book. The language and syntax of the book as well as the line drawing illustrations are geared specifically for hearing impaired young people and others whose need for information on human sexuality may be more advanced than…

Fitz-Gerald, Max

191

Beyond Anne Frank: Recent Holocaust Literature for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hopes that teachers will expose students to many personal narratives, novels, poems, and other works from the vast body of Holocaust literature. Presents annotations of 21 recent Holocaust books for young people (published between 1994 and 2001) including fiction, nonfiction, personal narratives, and picture books. (SG)

Sullivan, Ed

2002-01-01

192

Working in the Community with Young People Who Offend  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses how the "at risk" and "what works" approach that drives the management of youth criminal justice systems produces little knowledge that informs practitioners how best to work with young people who offend and how to design effective crime prevention programmes. An alternative approach that is more informative for the…

Sampson, Alice; Themelis, Spyros

2009-01-01

193

Under the Greenwood Tree: Shakespeare for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illustrated collection of poetic excerpts from the plays and sonnets of William Shakespeare is designed to be read and appreciated by young people. The 39 excerpts in the collection follow the "7 ages of man" pattern from childhood to old age. The collection's introduction by the famous Shakespearean scholar, A.L. Rowse, recounts…

Holdridge, Barbara, Ed.

194

Conflict Experience: A phenomenological study among young people in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate how young people in Sweden experience conflicts. The study is phenomenological, which means that the focus is on the essence of the investigated experience. Data have been collected by self?reports and analyzed with the help of an empirical phenomenological method. The research process has resulted in delimitation of three constituents which are

Andrzej Szklarski

2007-01-01

195

The Educational and Professional Trajectories of Working Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dynamism of social processes, the development of technologies, and the modernization of industrial production require raising the education and qualifications of blue-collar workers, particularly working young people. This accounts for the focus on problems of that group's formation, their integration into society, their acquisition and…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2012-01-01

196

Urban Education and Segregation: The Responses from Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article takes as a starting point the segregation of urban areas and discusses schooling in the neighbourhoods typically associated with problems and challenges, in order to explore young people's responses to their schooling and social positions. Such responses include individual acts, such as rejecting further schooling or dismissing the…

Ohrn, Elisabet

2012-01-01

197

Expressed emotion in the families of young people with epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The parents of 41 young people with epilepsy who were living in the same household as the patients were interviewed using the Camberwell Family Interview, and ratings of expressed emotion (EE) carried out according to standard criteria. The presence of any seizures in the 6 months prior to interview was found to be a predictor of EE (p= 0.0017). Absolute

Stephen W. Brown; Enrique Jadresic

2000-01-01

198

Predictors of Academic Attainments of Young People with Down's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Earlier studies of young people with Down's syndrome have investigated a relatively limited range of variables which may influence their academic attainment. The relative strength of such influences and how they may vary during the school career, has also been under-researched. Aims: The aim of the paper is to identify the contemporary…

Turner, S.; Alborz, A.; Gayle, V.

2008-01-01

199

Cyberbullying: Through the Eyes of Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of cyberbullying is raising international debate and concern. Through the development and dissemination of a questionnaire 12 student researchers were supported in surveying 325 UK students across Years 7, 8 and 9 to gain further knowledge of this area, in relation to children and young people. Results were analysed and comparisons made…

Ackers, Melanie Jane

2012-01-01

200

Securing a Sustainable Future for Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines why sustainable development matters for children and young people, and explores the relevant policy context in England and the UK. It asks whether enough is being carried out by central government to secure a more sustainable future for, and with, today's children. More is needed at the national policy level to: embed…

Renton, Zoe; Butcher, Joanne

2010-01-01

201

Book Clubbing! Successful Book Clubs for Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical guide demonstrates how to sponsor a successful, student-led book club for grades K through 12 that is fun, easy-to-implement, and encourages reading. Establishing a book club for children and young people that's self-sustaining and successful long-term is a challenge that this book addresses and conquers. According to recent…

Littlejohn, Carol

2011-01-01

202

Failing Young People? Education and Aspirations in a Deprived Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent UK government statements and education policies have emphasized the need to instil a "culture of aspiration" among young people in deprived communities to address social exclusion. Specific proposals include raising the school leaving age to 18 and extending compulsory employment training. These statements and measures express the…

Sinclair, S.; McKendrick, J. H.; Scott, G.

2010-01-01

203

World Class: USBBY's Outstanding International Books for Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the world's best children's book artists got together to help Amnesty International celebrate the Universal Declaration of Human Rights' 60th anniversary in "We Are All Born Free," one of the 42 titles recommended by the fourth annual United States Board on Books for Young People's (USBBY) Outstanding International Books committee. This…

Angus, Carolyn

2009-01-01

204

Young people, alcohol, and designer drinks: quantitative and qualitative study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine the appeal of "designer drinks" to young people. DESIGN: Qualitative and quantitative research comprising group discussions and questionnaire led interviews with young people accompanied by a self completion questionnaire. SETTINGS: Argyll and Clyde Health Board area, west Scotland. SUBJECTS: Eight groups aged 12-17 years; 824 aged 12-17 recruited by multistage cluster probability sample from the community health index. RESULTS: Young people were familiar with designer drinks, especially MD 20/20 and leading brands of strong white cider. Attitudes towards these drinks varied quite distinctly with age, clearly reflecting their attitudes towards and motivations for drinking in general. The brand imagery of designer drinks-in contrast with that of more mainstream drinks-matched many 14 and 15 year olds' perceptions and expectations of drinking. Popularity of designer drinks peaked between the ages of 13 and 16 while more conventional drinks showed a consistent increase in popularity with age. Consumption of designer drinks tended to be in less controlled circumstances and was associated with heavier alcohol intake and greater drunkenness. CONCLUSIONS: Designer drinks are a cause for concern. They appeal to young people, often more so than conventional drinks, and are particularly attractive to 14-16 year olds. Consumption of designer drinks is also associated with drinking in less controlled environments, heavier drinking, and greater drunkenness. There is a need for policy debate to assess the desirability of these drinks and the extent to which further controls on their marketing are required.

Hughes, K.; MacKintosh, A. M.; Hastings, G.; Wheeler, C.; Watson, J.; Inglis, J.

1997-01-01

205

Developing Environmental Agency and Engagement through Young People's Fiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the extent to which stories for young people encourage environmental engagement and a sense of agency. Our discussion is informed by the work of Paul Ricoeur (on hermeneutics and narrative), John Dewey (on primacy of experience) and John Macmurray (on personal agency in society). We understand fiction reading about place as…

Bigger, Stephen; Webb, Jean

2010-01-01

206

Mediating Gendered Performances: Young People Negotiating Embodiment in Research Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender inequalities in schools have implications for life chances, emotional well-being and educational policies and practices, but are apparently resistant to change. This paper employs Judith Butler's conceptualisation of performativity in a study of young people and consumption to provide insights into gendered inequities. It argues that…

Phoenix, Ann; Pattman, Rob; Croghan, Rosaleen; Griffin, Christine

2013-01-01

207

Social Influences on Young People's Sexual Health in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of social context on young people's sexual lives and sexual health, and to highlight the need for HIV prevention and sexual health programmes which better take into account these contextual influences. Design/methodology/approach: The paper draws on findings from a multi-method,…

Bell, Stephen; Aggleton, Peter

2013-01-01

208

Career Guidance Mentoring for Disengaged Young People. NICEC ICG Briefing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction of mentoring approaches into local career guidance strategies could represent an important method of helping disengaged young people achieve a new sense of direction. The aim of Britain's Mentoring Action Project (MAP) initiative has been to create the opportunity to explore the potential for one-to-one mentoring in career…

Ford, Geoff

209

Young People, Citizenship and Citizenship Education in Zimbabwe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizenship education in Zimbabwe is based on the claim that young people lack citizenship virtues. This study set out to investigate these assumptions by assessing high school students' knowledge of, attitudes towards and participation levels in citizenship issues. Findings show that while students are knowledgeable about citizenship issues they…

Sigauke, Aaron T.

2012-01-01

210

Young People's Computer Use: Implications for Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing numbers of young people use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for education, work and leisure activities. Research on ICT and Upper Limb Disorders (ULDs) in adults has shown that functional impairment, pain and discomfort in the upper limbs, neck and shoulder increases with frequency and duration of exposure to computer…

Alexander, Leslie M.; Currie, Candace

2004-01-01

211

Considering Young People's Motives for Interactive Media Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people's increasing use of interactive media has led to assertions about possible consequences for education. Rather than following assertions, we argue for theory-driven empirical research as a basis for education renewal. First, we review the existing empirical research, concluding that there is almost no theory-driven research available.…

van den Beemt, Antoine; Akkerman, Sanne; Simons, Robert-Jan

2011-01-01

212

Depressive Symptoms and Help-Seeking Intentions in Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether the help-negation effect as demonstrated for suicidal thoughts was also evident for depressive symptoms was investigated in three studies of young people from diverse urban areas. The studies involved a large sample of younger high school students (years 7-10), a sample of older high school students (years 8-12), and first year university…

Wilson, Coralie Joy; Rickwood, Debra; Deane, Frank Patrick

2007-01-01

213

The Cultural Identity of Today's Kalmyk Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past 10 years, there has been a tendency in Kalmykia to drift away from traditional culture, the foundation of which has been the Buddhist teaching adopted by the Kalmyks in the 17th century, and also, most directly, the Kalmyk language, which has lost its definitive importance in Kalmyk society. Young people of Kalmykia today express…

Nuksunova, A. M.

2009-01-01

214

Preventing HIV with young people: a case study from Zambia.  

PubMed

The US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) is funding thousands of community-based organisations, international NGOs and government services in high HIV prevalence countries to persuade young people to abstain from sex until marriage (Abstinence, Behaviour Change, Youth--ABY). This paper describes how this strategy is being implemented in Zambia, and community responses to it. It is derived from published information and observations and discussions in the Eastern Province in 2005-2006. A few NGOs have challenged the strategy, but many took the funds and are paying large numbers of peer educators to promote abstinence only. Messages are rife that condoms have holes or don't work sufficiently well to make them worth using. Condom promotion materials have been replaced. Service providers refuse to give condoms to young people. Young people who had attended sexuality and life skills programmes that gave them accurate information are rejecting inaccurate messages and demanding condoms. Without this education, however, inaccurate messages will spread quickly. It is not possible to promote condoms only for high risk people without stigmatising both the people and condoms, and it also jeopardises promoting condom use for contraception. Everything possible must be done to reduce negative messages about condoms. Everyone involved in HIV/AIDS needs to reflect on their own work in relation to this new climate and ensure that all prevention options are widely available, correct information is given and condoms are available for everyone who needs them. PMID:17101424

Gordon, Gill; Mwale, Vincent

2006-11-01

215

A TYPOLOGY OF DRUG-RELATED OFFENDING AMONG YOUNG HOMELESS INJECTION DRUG USERS  

PubMed Central

Research indicates a link between drug use and offending, particularly amongst high-risk individuals, such as homeless youth. The extent to which such youth interpret their offending as being related to their drug use, though, is understudied. This manuscript investigates the interpretations of drug-related offenses offered by 151 primarily white, male, homeless IDUs aged 16–29 years. Youth were asked specific questions about their drug-related offenses during in-depth interviews as part of a larger study investigating health risks surrounding drug injection between 2004 and 2006. The first section of the manuscript outlines offenses youth revealed committing either in pursuit of or after using a variety of substances. The second part of the manuscript examines the overall context (motivation, environment), and provides a seven-tiered typology of drug-related offending based on youth's interpretations, linking certain drugs to specific offenses within particular contexts. From here, some theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson Bloom, Jennifer; Hathaz, Dodi S.

2011-01-01

216

Homeless Youths and Young Adults in Los Angeles: Prevalence of Mental Health Problems and the Relationship Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although understanding of the subsistence patterns, service utilization, and HIV-risk behaviors of homeless youths and young adults is increasing, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of mental health problems in this group or the relationships between mental health problems and substance use. This study measured symptoms of depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, suicidality, self-injurious behavior (SIB), and drug and alcohol

Jennifer B. Unger; Michele D. Kipke; Thomas R. Simon; Susanne B. Montgomery; Christine J. Johnson

1997-01-01

217

Attitudes towards homeless people among emergency department teachers and learners: a cross-sectional study of medical students and emergency physicians  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students’ attitudes and beliefs about homeless people may be shaped by the attitudes of their teachers and one of the most common sites for learning about homeless patients is the emergency department. The objective of this study was to determine if medical students in the preclinical and clinical years and emergency medicine faculty and residents have different attitudes and beliefs about homeless people. Methods The Health Professional Attitudes Toward the Homeless Inventory (HPATHI), was administered to all medical students, and emergency medicine physicians and residents at a large academic health sciences center in Canada. The HPATHI examines attitudes, interest and confidence on a 5-point Likert scale. Differences among groups were examined using the Kruskal Wallis test and Pearson’s chi-square test. Results The HPATHI was completed by 371 individuals, for an overall response rate of 55%. Analysis of dichotomized median and percentage results revealed 5/18 statements were significant by both methods. On the attitudes subscales physicians and residents as a group were more negative for 2/9 statements and on the confidence subscale more positive for 1/4 statements. The interest subscale achieved overall statistical significance with decreased positive responses among physicians and residents compared to medical students in 2/5 statements. Conclusion This study revealed divergences in attitudes, interests and beliefs among medical students and emergency medicine physicians and residents. We offer strategies for training interventions and systemic support of emergency faculty. Emergency medicine physicians can examine their role in the development of medical students through both formal and informal teaching in the emergency department.

2013-01-01

218

A New Look at the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses sources of homelessness, the difficulties homeless people encounter in their daily lives, attitudes toward the homeless, and the social and psychological impact upon children and adults of losing the social identity and security that a permanent home, however poor, provides. (GC)

Rivlin, Leanne G.

1986-01-01

219

Myocardial infarction in young people with normal coronary arteries  

PubMed Central

Myocardial infarction occurring in young people with angiographically normal coronary arteries is well described but the pathophysiology of this condition remains unknown. Coronary artery spasm in association with thrombus formation and minimal atheromatous disease or spontaneous coronary artery dissection are possible causes. Two young men presented with severe chest pain after acute alcohol intoxication and each sustained an extensive anterior myocardial infarction. Investigations including intravascular ultrasound showed no evidence of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Coronary artery spasm associated with acute alcohol intoxication as well as a prothrombotic state and endothelial damage related to cigarette smoking may be mechanisms leading to acute myocardial infarction in these cases. Acute myocardial infarction occurs in young persons with normal coronary arteries and the diagnosis should be considered in young patients presenting with severe chest pain, particularly those abusing cocaine or alcohol, so that reperfusion therapy can be initiated promptly.?? Keywords: myocardial infarction;  coronary vasospasm;  alcohol;  intravascular ultrasound

Williams, M; Restieaux, N; Low, C

1998-01-01

220

Actions that young people can take to prevent depression, anxiety and psychosis: Beliefs of health professionals and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundMembers of the public know about actions they can take to prevent major physical diseases, but there has been less attention to the public's capacity to take action to prevent mental disorders. Since mental disorders often have first onset during youth, young people's beliefs about prevention are of particular relevance.

Anthony F. Jorm; Amy J. Morgan; Annemarie Wright

2010-01-01

221

Who are the homeless?  

PubMed

To describe the demographic, social and medical morbidity and usage of health services of the population of single homeless individuals in Sheffield, a census was carried out over a 12-hour period at sites which homeless people frequent, as identified by those who work with the homeless. These sites included Salvation Army hostels, reception centres, probation day centres, voluntary organisation hostels, and cheap bed and breakfast accommodation. Data were collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 340 single homeless individuals were studied, constituting 80-90% of the single homeless population of Sheffield, as estimated by field workers. The population was younger than those of earlier studies and contained a higher proportion of females (14%). One-fifth of the population had been homeless for less than six months, and 60% had been at their present lodging for less than six months. The population has a higher proportion of both ex-prisoners (49%) and ex-inmates of psychiatric hospitals (36%). Over a quarter admit to a history of alcoholism, and 9% to a history of drug abuse; 65% of the population are registered locally with a GP, and 53% of the population see their GP. Those who are more likely to use an Accident and Emergency Department are less socially integrated and more likely to be alcoholic. This study of the single homeless highlights a need for social change to reduce poverty, provide cheap available housing and provide support for disadvantaged groups. PMID:8202580

Shanks, N J; George, S L; Westlake, L; al-Kalai, D

1994-01-01

222

Over the Edge: Homeless Families and the Welfare System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness among families is quickly reaching crisis proportions across the country. Over 30 percent of America's three million homeless people are members of families, and families are the fastest growing segment of the homeless population. Perhaps more disturbing, homelessness represents only the most extreme manifestation of a more…

National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.

223

Study of young people attending an adolescent friendly centre.  

PubMed

Adolescents are the individuals between the ages of 10 and 19 years and the youth are those between the ages of 15 to 24 years. World Health Organisation has therefore defined young people as individuals between the age group of 10 to 24 years. In our country Adolescents comprise more than one fifth (22%) of the total population. Therefore Family Health Division, Ministry of Health, established an adolescent friendly centre at Bir Hospital on 5th January 2002. This paper has tried to study and analyse the young population attending this centre at a fixed period of time. This study was carried out to a. Find out the total number of adolescents. b. Estimate their male: female ratio. c. Find out their ethnicity, address, marital status, education, and occupation d. Learn what Health and Development problems these young people have. This is a cross sectional study done at Bir Hospital adolescent friendly centre for a period of one year. All young people (adolescents and youths) coming to this centre within the specified period are included in this study. OPD register was used to collect the data, which was obtained and analysed manually. Total of 956 young people were provided healthcare and counselling services from this centre. Out of them, only 9.21 % were males. 887 (92.78%) of this population are adolescents, 69 (7.22%) are from 19 to 24 years age group and 880 (92.05%) of them are youth. Majority (28.56%) were Brahmins. 313 (32.74%) of these people were from outside the valley. 9 (10.23%) out of 88 boys and 384 (79.34%) out of 484 girls were married. 1.14% of boys and 14.63% of girls were illiterate. 4.55% of boys and 14.17% of girls had not completed the studies of standard five. 17.05% of boys and 47% of girls had not completed their school. 81.82% of boys and 38.36% of girls had joined the college. It also showed that 521 (54.50%) of these young people are students but 35.94% of girls are housewives. 278 (32.03%) girls presented with menstrual problems and 22.12% (192) came with pregnancy related problems and 15.27 % of these young people presented with the symptoms of various infections Twenty six (3%) girls came with features of anaemia and 22 (2.53%) girls had dropped in for family planning services. 20 (2.09%) of these young people had some psychological problem (mainly anxiety) and 9.62% of them had various types of skin problems. Adolescent friendly centre can play a vital role to support and help a good number of adolescents of the society. Key words: Adolescents, youths, and young people. PMID:16388244

Karki, C

2004-01-01

224

Being a Deaf Role Model: Deaf People's Experiences of Working with Families and Deaf Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiences of being a deaf role model have been little explored in the literature. This paper explores the role of the deaf role model as perceived by d/Deaf adults who carried out this role, when working with deaf young people, parents of deaf children, and professionals who work with them. The data were collected from part of the evaluation…

Rogers, Katherine D.; Young, Alys M.

2011-01-01

225

Homeless Children  

MedlinePLUS

... year. That's over 1.6 million children. While homeless, they experience high rates of acute and chronic ... of emotional and behavioral problems compared to non-homeless children. 3 Experiences of Violence Violence plays a ...

226

Expressed emotion in the families of young people with epilepsy.  

PubMed

The parents of 41 young people with epilepsy who were living in the same household as the patients were interviewed using the Camberwell Family Interview, and ratings of expressed emotion (EE) carried out according to standard criteria. The presence of any seizures in the 6 months prior to interview was found to be a predictor of EE (p= 0. 0017). Absolute seizure frequency, as well as presence or absence of seizures was also found to vary with the EE score. Fathers may exhibit high EE by critical comments, mothers by emotional over involvement. Although it is unclear whether high EE is the result of seizures, or whether high EE makes seizures more likely to occur, an intervention study aimed at assessing the effect of lowering parental EE levels on young people's seizure frequency might be worth pursuing. PMID:10880284

Brown, S W; Jadresic, E

2000-06-01

227

Young people, pornography, and sexuality: sources and attitudes.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of and attitudes among young people toward pornography and their sources of information about sexuality. Eight hundred and seventy-six young people ages 15-25 years (555 females and 321 males) who visited a youth center in Sweden for a period of 1 year answered a questionnaire about their use of pornography, their attitudes toward pornography, and sources of information about sexuality. Although most had seen pornographic movies, the youngest boys reported viewing the most pornography. The male participants reported that the most common reason they viewed pornography was to get aroused and to masturbate, whereas the female participants stated that they viewed pornography out of curiosity. The most frequent source of information about sexuality was peers. These results illustrate the importance of sex education to give factual information about sexuality and to counteract the messages about sexuality presented in pornography. PMID:17172202

Wallmyr, Gudrun; Welin, Catharina

2006-10-01

228

Reportable STDs in Young People 15-24 Years of Age, by State  

MedlinePLUS

... Digg Google Bookmarks Reportable STDs in Young People 15-24 Years of Age, by State Regardless of ... Health Service Reports Reportable STDs in Young People 15-24, by State Archive Chlamydia, All Years GISP, ...

229

Invest in adolescents and young people: it pays.  

PubMed

This year's Women Deliver conference made a strong call for investing in the health and development of adolescents and young people. It highlighted the unique problems faced by adolescent girls and young women-some of the most vulnerable and neglected individuals in the world-and stressed the importance of addressing their needs and rights, not only for their individual benefit, but also to achieve global goals such as reducing maternal mortality and HIV infection.In response to an invitation from the editors of Reproductive Health, we-the sixteen coauthors of this commentary-put together key themes that reverberated throughout the conference, on the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, and promising solutions to meet them.1. Investing in adolescents and young people is crucial for ensuring health, creating prosperity and fulfilling human rights.2. Gender inequality contributes to many health and social problems. Adolescent girls and boys, and their families and communities, should be challenged and supported to change inequitable gender norms.- Child marriage utterly disempowers girls. It is one of the most devastating manifestations of gender discrimination.- Negative social and cultural attitudes towards menstruation constrain the lives of millions of girls. This may well establish the foundation for lifelong discomfort felt by girls about their bodies and reticence in seeking help when problems arise.3. Adolescents need comprehensive, accurate and developmentally appropriate sexuality education. This will provide the bedrock for attitude formation and decision making.4. Adolescent-centered health services can prevent sexual and reproductive health problems and detect and treat them if and when they occur.5. National governments have the authority and the responsibility to address social and cultural barriers to the provision of sexual and reproductive health education and services for adolescents and young people.6. Adolescents should be involved more meaningfully in national and local actions intended to meet their needs and respond to their problems.7. The time to act is now. We know more now than ever before about the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, as well as the solutions to meeting those needs. PMID:24041149

Chandra-Mouli, Venkatraman; Greifinger, Rena; Nwosu, Adaeze; Hainsworth, Gwyn; Sundaram, Lakshmi; Hadi, Sheena; McConville, Fran; Benevides, Regina; Simon, Callie; Patkar, Archana; Schoening, Eva; Sethi, Disha; Boldosser-Boesch, Amy; Awasthi, Prateek; Mathur, Arvind; Braeken, Doortje

2013-01-01

230

Behavioural and social correlates of sedentary time in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveIn this study, behavioural and social correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in young people were identified.DesignCross-sectional analysis of data from the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS).SettingSchools in Denmark, Estonia, Portugal and Norway.ParticipantsRespondents were invited using a twostage cluster sampling procedure. Analyses include 2107 children (9–10 years old) and adolescents (14–15 years old).Assessment of independent variablesSeven behavioural and 15 social

E. M. F. van Sluijs; A. Page; Y. Ommundsen; S. J. Griffin

2010-01-01

231

Labeling of mental disorders and stigma in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental disorders are common in young people, yet many do not seek help. The use of psychiatric labels to describe mental disorders is associated with effective help-seeking choices, and is promoted in community awareness initiatives designed to improve help-seeking. However these labels may also be coupled with stigmatizing beliefs and therefore inhibit help-seeking: lay mental health or non-specific labels may

Annemarie Wright; Anthony F. Jorm; Andrew J. Mackinnon

2011-01-01

232

Sexual health education interventions for young people: a methodological review.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES--To locate reports of sexual health education interventions for young people, assess the methodological quality of evaluations, identify the subgroup with a methodologically sound design, and assess the evidence with respect to the effectiveness of different approaches to promoting young people's sexual health. DESIGN--Survey of reports in English by means of electronic databases and hand searches for relevant studies conducted in the developed world since 1982. Papers were reviewed for eight methodological qualities. The evidence on effectiveness generated by studies meeting four core criteria was assessed. Judgments on effectiveness by reviewers and authors were compared. PAPERS--270 papers reporting sexual health interventions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--The methodological quality of evaluations. RESULTS--73 reports of evaluations of sexual health interventions examining the effectiveness of these interventions in changing knowledge, attitudes, or behavioural outcomes were identified, of which 65 were separate outcome evaluations. Of these studies, 45 (69%) lacked random control groups, 44 (68%) failed to present preintervention and 38 (59%) postintervention data, and 26 (40%) omitted to discuss the relevance of loss of data caused by drop outs. Only 12 (18%) of the 65 outcome evaluations were judged to be methodologically sound. Academic reviewers were more likely than authors to judge studies as unclear because of design faults. Only two of the sound evaluations recorded interventions which were effective in showing an impact on young people's sexual behaviour. CONCLUSIONS--The design of evaluations in sexual health intervention needs to be improved so that reliable evidence of the effectiveness of different approaches to promoting young people's sexual health may be generated.

Oakley, A.; Fullerton, D.; Holland, J.; Arnold, S.; France-Dawson, M.; Kelley, P.; McGrellis, S.

1995-01-01

233

Risk in the Education of Young People: A Roundtable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a roundtable discussion on the risk in the education of young people in Russia. Participants were as follows: (1) Iu.A. Zubok; (2) A.I. Kovaleva; (3) D.L. Konstantinovskii; (4) V.A. Lukov; (5) V.Ia. Nechaev; (6) N.L. Smakotina; (7) V.I. Chuprov; (8) V.I. Zubkov; (9) Iu.V. Goliusova; (10) E.G. Panteleev; (11) I.A. Seleznev;…

Russian Education and Society, 2007

2007-01-01

234

Socio-Demographic Vulnerability: The Condition of Italian Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a kind of inertia effect, today the Italian welfare state protects the older too much and, on the contrary, it does not\\u000a counter sufficiently the new risks associated with other phases of life. Not much seems to be implemented in favour of Italian\\u000a young people who, as a matter of fact, seem to suffer a lot from the present

A. Busetta; A. M. Milito

2010-01-01

235

Racism and health among urban Aboriginal young people  

PubMed Central

Background Racism has been identified as an important determinant of health but few studies have explored associations between racism and health outcomes for Australian Aboriginal young people in urban areas. Methods Cross sectional data from participants aged 12-26 years in Wave 1 of the Victorian Aboriginal Health Service's Young People's Project were included in hierarchical logistic regression models. Overall mental health, depression and general health were all considered as outcomes with self-reported racism as the exposure, adjusting for a range of relevant confounders. Results Racism was reported by a high proportion (52.3%) of participants in this study. Self-reported racism was significantly associated with poor overall mental health (OR 2.67, 95% CI 1.25-5.70, p = 0.01) and poor general health (OR 2.17, 95% CI 1.03-4.57, p = 0.04), and marginally associated with increased depression (OR 2.0; 95% CI 0.97-4.09, p = 0.06) in the multivariate models. Number of worries and number of friends were both found to be effect modifiers for the association between self-reported racism and overall mental health. Getting angry at racist remarks was found to mediate the relationship between self-reported racism and general health. Conclusions This study highlights the need to acknowledge and address racism as an important determinant of health and wellbeing for Aboriginal young people in urban areas of Australia.

2011-01-01

236

How should activity guidelines for young people be operationalised?  

PubMed Central

Background If guidelines regarding recommended activity levels for young people are to be meaningful and comparable, it should be clear how they are operationalised. It is usually open to interpretation whether young people are required to meet activity and screen time targets (1) all days of the week, (2) on most days of the week, (3) on average across all days, or (4) whether compliance should be understood as the probability that a randomly selected young person meets the guidelines on a randomly selected day. This paper studies this question using data drawn from the Australian Health of Young Victorians study. Methods The subjects for this study were 885 13–19 year olds who recalled four days of activities using a computerised use-of-time instrument, the Multimedia Activity Recall for Children and Adolescents (MARCA). Daily minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and screen time were calculated. The prevalence of compliance to Australian guidelines (? 60 min/day of MVPA and ? 120 min/day of screen time outside of school hours) was calculated using the four methods. Results The four methods resulted in significantly different prevalence estimates for compliance to the MVPA guideline (20–68%), screen guideline (12–42%) and both guidelines (2–26%). Furthermore, different individuals were identified as compliant by the different methods. Conclusion Clarification of how compliance to guidelines should be operationalised would assist in comparisons between studies, and in consistency in determining correlates of compliance.

Olds, Tim; Ridley, Kate; Wake, Melissa; Hesketh, Kylie; Waters, Elizabeth; Patton, George; Williams, Joanne

2007-01-01

237

"We're Locking the Door": Family Histories in a Sample of Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well known that the pathways to homelessness for young people are embedded in often ongoing negative childhood experiences. Many of these experiences are rooted in multiple and intersecting problems including, but not limited to: family conflict, abuse, addictions, and mental health issues. The authors draw upon qualitative interviews…

Alvi, Shahid; Scott, Hannah; Stanyon, Wendy

2010-01-01

238

Risk Factors for Sexual Victimization Among Male and Female Homeless and Runaway Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Risk factors associated with the likelihood of being sexually victimized by a stranger or friend/acquaintance since being on the street was examined among 372 homeless and runaway youth. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers using a systematic sampling strategy. Youth who engaged in more high-risk…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Cauce, Ana Mari

2004-01-01

239

A Guide to Enhancing the Cultural Competence of Runaway and Homeless Youth Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In June 1993, the Family and Youth Services Bureau brought together a working group to help local programs for runaway and homeless youth better meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population of young people. Strategies developed by this working group are shared in this guide. The introductory chapter provides a framework within which local…

Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

240

Brief Report: Young People at Risk for Eating Disorders in Southeast Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A representative sample of 7-14-year-old young people in southeast Brazil (N=1251) was assessed using standardized parent and youth interviews, thereby identifying an "at-risk" group of young people who met one or more DSM-IV criteria for anorexia and/or bulimia nervosa. These young people were compared with an age and gender matched comparison…

Moya, Tatiana; Fleitlich-Bilyk, Bacy; Goodman, Robert

2006-01-01

241

“Queer Eye” for Social Work: Rethinking Pedagogy and Practice with Same-sex Attracted Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dominant discourses on sexualities construct limited representations and understanding of same-sex attracted young people, often resulting in material and detrimental effects for young people who do not fit the heterosexual mould. Traditionally, social work theory and practice with same-sex attracted young people has relied on ethnic and essentialised models for understanding sexual difference. In the present article, the author reviews

Paul Willis

2007-01-01

242

The Development of Apt Citizenship Education through Listening to Young People's Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizenship Education (CE) and the young people's voice agenda are both enjoying increasing popularity within England at the present time. Clear connections exist between the two, with CE placing an emphasis upon participation and responsible action and the young people's voice agenda advocating democratic procedures for involving young people in…

Warwick, Paul

2008-01-01

243

Filling the Emotional Gap at Transition: Young People with Learning Difficulties and Friendship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people with learning disabilities frequently experience mental health support needs, especially at the transition stages as they move into adulthood. The Count Us In inquiry (Carpenter, 2002) suggested that the prevalence rate for mental health needs in young people with learning disabilities may be as high as 40%, four times as high as for young people in general. This

Val Williams; Pauline Heslop

2006-01-01

244

Transition from school to adult life for physically disabled young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition process for young physically disabled people (n = 87) was studied in three districts to determine how it varied between schools, and how it was perceived by the disabled and their carers. The experiences of the young people were compared with guidelines for good practice based on relevant legislation. Results showed that young disabled people experienced a poor

L Fiorentino; D Datta; S Gentle; D M B Hall; V Harpin; D Phillips; A Walker

1998-01-01

245

Psychological Change in Distressed Young People Who Do Not Receive Counselling: Does Improvement Happen Anyway?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to explore self-healing processes in young people, and to develop an understanding of the effects of school-based counselling (SBC), by analysing changes in young people who did not receive this intervention. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 young people on a waiting list for SBC. Participants…

Daniunaite, Akvile; Ahmad Ali, Zenib; Cooper, Mick

2012-01-01

246

Global Selves: Marginalised Young People and Aesthetic Reflexivity in Inhalant Drug Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sociologists have observed that young people increasingly draw on global as well as local images in their constructions of individual selfhood. This article provides a narrative analysis of stories of inhalant use-induced hallucination, drawn from interviews conducted with young people in Melbourne, Australia. Young people's stories of the…

MacLean, Sarah

2007-01-01

247

Desistance from Crime: Reflections on the Transitional Experiences of Young People with a History of Offending  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to explore the complexities involved in young people's attempts to move away from criminal activity. This paper draws on qualitative data from a study that aimed to identify how young people negotiate transitions away from offending. The paper argues that an analysis of the subtle shifts in young people's perceptions…

Haigh, Yvonne

2009-01-01

248

Emotional Health and Well-Being in Schools: Involving Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevalence studies of emotional health and well-being (EHWB) of young people indicate that that there is cause for concern. Very few studies have examined EHWB from the perspective of young people. This study examined the views of young people about their EHWB in the context of secondary education in the UK. Eight focus groups were conducted in…

Coombes, Lindsey; Appleton, Jane V.; Allen, Debby; Yerrell, Paul

2013-01-01

249

Global Selves: Marginalised Young People and Aesthetic Reflexivity in Inhalant Drug Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociologists have observed that young people increasingly draw on global as well as local images in their constructions of individual selfhood. This article provides a narrative analysis of stories of inhalant use-induced hallucination, drawn from interviews conducted with young people in Melbourne, Australia. Young people's stories of the hallucinations they experience while using inhalants frequently reference the narratives, images and

Sarah MacLean

2007-01-01

250

Sexual Beginners: Accounting for First Sexual Intercourse in Italian Young People's Heterosexual Biographies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on survey data of 1000 young people aged 18-29 and semi-structured interviews with 51 young people aged 18-34 living in a north-western Italian region, the article explores how they account for their first heterosexual intercourse. Young people describe and make sense of their experiences by referring to sexual scripts; narrative sequences…

Ferrero Camoletto, Raffaella

2011-01-01

251

Sculpting a "Social Space" for Re-Engaging Disengaged "Disadvantaged" Young People with Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the complex constellation of conditions that turn many young people into "exiles" from schooling. From the vantage point of young people, the paper traces out a profile of the conditions that need to be brought into existence for these young people to find a way back into learning. The paper argues that current educational…

Smyth, John; McInerney, Peter

2012-01-01

252

Model Projects for Early Intervention in the Mental Health of Young People: Reorientation of Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Early Intervention Network for Mental Health in Young People (AusEinet) was established to coordinate a national approach to early intervention for mental health in young people. The approach has three streams: (1) development and maintenance of a national early intervention network for mental health in young people; (2)…

O'Hanlon, Anne; Kosky, Robert; Martin, Graham; Dundas, Pauline; Davis, Cathy

253

Mental Health Disorders in Children and Young People: Scope, Cause and Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To review the scope and characteristics of mental health disorders in children and young people in Australia; detail some emerging concepts of the causal pathways of mental health disorders in children and young people; and discuss aspects of the prevention of mental health disorders and the promotion of mental health in children and young people.Method: An integrated review of

Stephen R. Zubrick; Sven R. Silburn; Paul Burton; Eve Blair

2000-01-01

254

Rethinking the Digital Divide: Findings from a Study of Marginalised Young People's ICT Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a study that investigated young people's ICT use and the capacity of service providers to utilise these technologies in their practice. The results suggest that ICT may be an important resource for mental health promotion, particularly in relation to engaging young people. It was found that young people

Blanchard, Michele; Metcalf, Atari; Degney, Jo; Herrman, Helen; Burns, Jane

2008-01-01

255

Ordinary Lives: An Ethnographic Study of Young People Attending Entry to Employment Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the findings from a one-year ethnographic study of young people attending Entry to Employment (E2E) programmes in two local authorities in the north of England. The paper locates E2E within the broader context of provision for low-achieving young people and of UK government policy on reducing the proportion of young people who…

Russell, Lisa; Simmons, Robin; Thompson, Ron

2011-01-01

256

Labeling of mental disorders and stigma in young people.  

PubMed

Mental disorders are common in young people, yet many do not seek help. The use of psychiatric labels to describe mental disorders is associated with effective help-seeking choices, and is promoted in community awareness initiatives designed to improve help-seeking. However these labels may also be coupled with stigmatizing beliefs and therefore inhibit help-seeking: lay mental health or non-specific labels may be less harmful. We examined the association between labeling of mental disorders and stigma in youth using data from a national telephone survey of 2802 Australians aged 12-25 years conducted from June 2006 to August 2006. Label use and stigmatizing beliefs were assessed in response to vignettes of a young person experiencing depression, psychosis or social phobia. Logistic regressions examined the association between a range of labels commonly used, including psychiatric labels, and a range of stigma components. There were no significant associations between label use and the stigma components of "stigma perceived in others", "reluctance to disclose" and for the most part "social distance". Most mental health labels were associated with seeing the person as "sick" rather than "weak" and accurate psychiatric labels had the strongest effect sizes. However, for the psychosis vignette, the "dangerous/unpredictable" component was predicted by the labels "schizophrenia/psychosis", "mental illness" and "psychological problem", and the accurate psychiatric label showed the strongest association. For all vignettes, generic lay labels were not associated with stigma, but also rarely had a counter stigma effect. These findings suggest that the use of accurate psychiatric labels by young people is seldom associated with stigma and may assist young people by reducing perceptions of weakness. However, community education that promotes accurate labeling of psychosis should proceed with caution and address beliefs about dangerousness and unpredictability. PMID:21794967

Wright, Annemarie; Jorm, Anthony F; Mackinnon, Andrew J

2011-08-01

257

Developing community support for homeless people with mental illness in transition.  

PubMed

To facilitate effective transitional services and enhance continuity of care among people with mental illness, this grounded theory study explored the practice of developing community support in critical time intervention (CTI), a time-limited, shortterm psychosocial rehabilitation program designed to facilitate the critical transition from institutional to community settings. Semi-structured, one-on-one interviews with twelve CTI workers were analyzed. Results show that CTI workers self-identified as an "extra support" to develop community ties that will help clients sustain stable housing. Their practice of community support development was represented by a transient triangular relationship model, involving three dyadic relationships (worker-client, worker-primary support, primary support-client) as the building blocks and specific strategies to facilitate the relational transition. Findings also detailed identification of community supports, collaboration and boundary issues in working with primary supports, and engagement with clients in this transitional process. Recommendations were drawn from findings to enhance broad discharge and transitional services. PMID:23925730

Chen, Fang-Pei

2014-07-01

258

Young Entrepreneurs: Young People Dream of Becoming Entrepreneurs, despite America's Lingering Recession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An August 2010 Harris Interactive[R] survey, commissioned by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, posed questions about entrepreneurship to 5,077 U.S. young people ages eight to twenty-four. The results show that business ownership continues to capture the imaginations of America's youth, particularly for those who know a successful entrepreneur…

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, 2011

2011-01-01

259

Young Dutch people's experiences of trading sex: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

In recent years, the subject of transactional sex among young Dutch people has generated a heated social debate in the Netherlands. However, accurate data on this phenomenon are scarce. This article describes the findings of a qualitative study on young Dutch people's experiences of having sex in return for money or a material reward. Thirty in-depth interviews were conducted with young Dutch men and women aged 14 to 24. Participants came from diverse backgrounds in terms of gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and socioeconomic status. Experiences of trading sex differed in terms of the motivation to trade sex, the presence or absence of coercion, and the availability of other options for earning money. Participants' feelings about their experiences varied. For most participants, the sex itself was unpleasant and required considerable emotion management. Still, some felt adequately compensated by the reward or felt trading sex was preferable to other jobs. Gender played an important role, with feelings of disgust or shame reported especially by female participants, whereas male participants reported more positive experiences. Interactions involving coercion or financial dependence on trading sex generally had a negative emotional impact. Participants stressed the differences between their own experiences and professional prostitution. PMID:22004093

van de Walle, Robert; Picavet, Charles; van Berlo, Willy; Verhoeff, Arnoud

2012-01-01

260

Housing First Services for People Who Are Homeless With Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on homeless adults with severe mental illness is generally silent on a critical issue surrounding service delivery—the contrast between housing first and treatment first program philosophies. This study draws on data from a longitudinal experiment contrasting a housing first program (which offers immediate permanent housing without requiring treatment compliance or abstinence) and treatment first (standard care) programs for

Deborah K. Padgett; Leyla Gulcur; Sam Tsemberis

2006-01-01

261

Housing First Services for People Who Are Homeless with Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on homeless adults with severe mental illness is generally silent on a critical issue surrounding service delivery--the contrast between housing first and treatment first program philosophies. This study draws on data from a longitudinal experiment contrasting a housing first program (which offers immediate permanent housing without…

Padgett, Deborah K.; Gulcur, Leyla; Tsemberis, Sam

2006-01-01

262

Young People’s views of business support: the case of PSYBT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenomenon of “youth enterprise” arose in the 1980s in response to a particular combination of socio-economic and political factors. Since then, increasing numbers of young people have set up their own businesses with the assistance of organisations such as the Prince’s Youth Business Trust, Livewire and the Prince’s Scottish Youth Business Trust (PSYBT). This study draws on the experiences

Paul Moran; Leigh Sear

1999-01-01

263

Using Social Justice Group Work with Young Mothers Who Experience Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates (e.g., Bassuk et al., 1997) that women and children make up a large percentage of the total number of individuals living without permanent shelter. This article represents a reflective analysis of our work as group facilitators who conducted a series of personal growth groups for young mothers living in a residential facility…

Coker, Angela D.; Meyer, Dixie; Smith, Rachelle; Price, Amber

2010-01-01

264

Impaired Immune Function in a Homeless Population with Stress-Related Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Homeless people suffer high levels of psychological distress. The aim of the present work was to study the immune function in a group of homeless people with stress-related disorders and compare it with that of healthy non-homeless controls. Methods: We included in the study 40 homeless persons and 40 housed controls recruited from the population of Madrid and matched

Lorena Arranz; Aída de Vicente; Manuel Muñoz; Mónica De la Fuente

2009-01-01

265

Local Sociality in Young People's Mobile Communications: A Korean Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon ethnographic data, this article explores how young Koreans appropriate mobile phones. By examining the role of local norms of sociality among young people, the study shows that this "individualizing" technology is articulated through "traditionalizing" forces. Despite dominant representations of young people's individualization via…

Yoon, Kyongwon

2006-01-01

266

The Impact of Enterprise Education on Attitudes to Enterprise in Young People: An Evaluation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to present evidence on the impact of enterprise education on young people still at school in London, UK. The study was designed to measure the effect of participation in a Young Enterprise (YE) Company Program on young people's attitudes toward starting a business, and on their enterprise potential.…

Athayde, Rosemary

2012-01-01

267

Knowledge of personal and sexual development amongst young people in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pakistan has one of the largest cohorts of young people in its history, yet research on their circumstances and needs is still relatively new. In this study, twenty four focus group discussions were conducted to explore young peoples' experiences of gaining knowledge of personal and sexual development. Young women typically gained information from a limited number of sources within the

MONIQUE HENNINK; IMRAN RANA; ROBINA IQBAL

2004-01-01

268

The Impact of Assertive Community Treatment on the Social Relationships of People Who Are Homeless and Mentally Ill  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two randomized experiments compared theeffectiveness of the assertive community treatment (ACT)team against other treatments (outpatient therapy,drop-in center, and brokered case management) inimproving the social relationships of individuals whowere both homeless and suffered from severe andpersistent mental illness. In both studies clientsassigned to ACT teams reported having more professionalsin their social networks than clients assigned tothe other treatments. Clients did not

Robert J. Calsyn; Gary A. Morse; W. Dean Klinkenberg; Michael L. Trusty; Gary Allen

1998-01-01

269

[Media messages to promote safer sex. Contact with young people].  

PubMed

In 1993, the national radio station of Zambia launched a popular music show on the fight against AIDS. Support of the national AIDS control program put information on HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, and sexuality at the disposal of thousands of youth. Radio is an effective medium to distribute information, to stimulate an awareness that AIDS is bad, and to influence public opinion. The Saturday Beat radio show is broadcast for 45 minutes every Saturday morning when most Zambians are at home. It has jingles about condom use and questions about AIDS with show listeners responding via the telephone, and discussions on HIV prevention. The show also has interviews with HIV-positive people, and with physicians, music stars, and government officials such as the Vice Minister of Health. Saturday Beat is very popular and well praised. Listeners call in from around the country and are encouraged to write and submit questions. The show host answers listeners' letters during the show. The show can organize demonstrations for loyal listeners where youth lead debates and discussions that can be taped and broadcast. Another popular medium is a photo-story (comic book with photographs rather than drawings) about a young woman named Roxy and her friends. The characters of the photo-story have different attitudes about AIDS and sex and offer different options to prevent HIV infection. Young people helped create this photo-story through a series of discussions and an examination of their feelings, their experiences, and their relationships with boy/girl friends. They were also involved in test marketing the photo story. The public appreciates Roxy. Readers can recognize themselves easily in the characters, and those with little education can understand the story. Some parents and teachers found the story too sexually explicit, but many people now agree that the story provides educational benefits. PMID:12292177

1995-04-01

270

Early implementation evaluation of a multi-site housing first intervention for homeless people with mental illness: a mixed methods approach.  

PubMed

This research sought to determine whether the implementation of Housing First in a large-scale, multi-site Canadian project for homeless participants with mental illness shows high fidelity to the Pathways Housing First model, and what factors help or hinder implementation. Fidelity ratings for 10 Housing First programs in five cities were made by an external quality assurance team along five key dimensions of Housing First based on 84 key informant interviews, 10 consumer focus groups, and 100 chart reviews. An additional 72 key informant interviews and 35 focus groups yielded qualitative data on factors that helped or hindered implementation. Overall, the findings show a high degree of fidelity to the model with more than 71% of the fidelity items being scored higher than 3 on a 4-point scale. The qualitative research found that both delivery system factors, including community and organizational capacity, and support system factors, training and technical assistance, facilitated implementation. Fidelity challenges include the availability of housing, consumer representation in program operations, and limitations to the array of services offered. Factors that accounted for these challenges include low vacancy rates, challenges of involving recently homeless people in program operations, and a lack of services in some of the communities. The study demonstrates how the combined use of fidelity assessment and qualitative methods can be used in implementation evaluation to develop and improve a program. PMID:24246161

Nelson, Geoffrey; Stefancic, Ana; Rae, Jennifer; Townley, Greg; Tsemberis, Sam; Macnaughton, Eric; Aubry, Tim; Distasio, Jino; Hurtubise, Roch; Patterson, Michelle; Stergiopoulos, Vicky; Piat, Myra; Goering, Paula

2014-04-01

271

Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: "No One Likes Street Kids"--Even in the Castro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, focused on five transgender and gay youth of color from San Francisco, explored how family problems, poverty, homophobia, and transphobia propelled them into homelessness and made gay-friendly spaces and resources especially meaningful to them. These young people describe seeking support in San Francisco's well-known gay enclave, the…

Reck, Jen

2009-01-01

272

SRE and Young People in Further Education: A Review of Provision and Practice in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many initiatives relating to young people's sexual health have focused on under 16s. Yet, most young people become sexually active between the ages of 16 and 19 and 80 per cent of under-18 conceptions are to 16- and 17-year-olds. The shift from school to further education marks a time of transition in young people's lives. It is a time when…

Emmerson, Lucy

2007-01-01

273

Careers of Young People with Disabilities between Ages 15 and 21 Years  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the vocational activities of young people with moderate or severe disablement during the transition to adult life. The main purpose is to describe and classify the patterns of activities–their type, duration and sequence–and to look at vocational careers according to young people's characteristics.The sample included 274 young people who lived in England. Details of their activities in

Michael Hirst

1987-01-01

274

Preventing unintentional injuries in children and young people under 15.  

PubMed

Unintentional injury is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children aged one to 14 years and puts more children in hospital than any other cause. The National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has published public health guidance on strategies to prevent unintentional injuries among children and young people aged under 15, along with related guidance on provision of home safety equipment and home risk assessments, and road design and modification. This paper, by a member of the NICE programme development group, aims to provide an overview of the guidance, which focuses on strategies, regulation, enforcement, surveillance and workforce development to prevent unintentional injuries in the home, on the road and during outdoor play and leisure. PMID:21563523

Irving, Lisa

2011-03-01

275

Educating Against Extremism: Towards a Critical Politicisation of Young People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is based on a recently published book, Educating Against Extremism (Davies, Educating Against Extremism, 2008), which explores the potential role of schools in averting the more negative and violent forms of extremism in a country. It examines the nature of extremism; identity formation and radicalisation; religious belief, faith schools and the myth of equal value; justice, revenge and honour; and free speech, humour and satire. The paper argues that religious fundamentalism, as well as state terrorism, needs to be addressed in schools. The argument in the book is for a greater politicisation of young people through the forging of critical (dis)respect and the use of a secular basis of human rights. Specific forms of citizenship education are needed, which provide skills to analyse the media and political or religious messages, but also enable critical idealism to be fostered.

Davies, Lynn

2009-05-01

276

A Motivation-Based Explanatory Model of Street Drinking among Young People.  

PubMed

This social marketing study focuses on street drinking behavior among young people. The objective is to divide the market of young people who engage in this activity into segments according to their motivations. For the three segments identified, a behavior model is created using the beliefs, attitudes, behavior, and social belonging of young people who engage in street drinking. The methodology used individual questionnaires filled in by a representative sample of young people. The results show that the behavior model follows the sequence of attitudes-beliefs-behavior and that social belonging influences these three variables. Similarly, differences are observed in the behavior model depending on the segment individuals belong to. PMID:25068605

Martín-Santana, Josefa D; Beerli-Palacio, Asunción; Fernández-Monroy, Margarita

2014-07-29

277

Homelessness Assistance and Resources  

MedlinePLUS

... Events Ask A Question Technical Assistance About Grantees Homelessness Assistance and Resources "Stable housing is the foundation ... Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness Homelessness Assistance Programs HUD's homeless assistance programs are categorized ...

278

AIDS and sex education for young people in China.  

PubMed

Although China has had a rich sexual culture for thousands of years, Chinese people are usually unwilling to openly discuss issues of sex. Some parents are quite ignorant of the change in their children's sexual attitude and behaviour. In China today, adolescents are becoming much more sexually liberated. Premarital sex and unplanned pregnancies among teenagers are increasing. Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) including HIV/AIDS are also spreading rapidly. However, young people lack basic information on AIDS/STD and do not know how to protect themselves from these diseases or how to avoid unintended pregnancies. Several major youth peer education programmes in China are mentioned in this paper. Among them, a four-year programme entitled the Australian-Chinese AIDS/STD/Safer Sex Peer Education Programme for Youth, is discussed in some detail. The programme has so far reached over 40000 university and school students. Evaluation results show that the programme is effective in both significantly increasing students' knowledge about AIDS/STDs and changing their attitude towards AIDS patients. In addition, the programme is highly praised by the students. PMID:11999327

Gao, Y; Lu, Z Z; Shi, R; Sun, X Y; Cai, Y

2001-01-01

279

The Unique and Combined Effects of Homelessness and School Mobility on the Educational Outcomes of Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the unique and combined associations of homelessness and school mobility with educational well-being indicators, as well as the mediating effect of absenteeism, for an entire cohort of third-grade students in Philadelphia. Using integrated archival administrative data from the public school district and the municipal Office of…

Fantuzzo, John W.; LeBoeuf, Whitney A.; Chen, Chin-Chih; Rouse, Heather L.; Culhane, Dennis P.

2012-01-01

280

Measuring community integration using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and participatory mapping for people who were once homeless.  

PubMed

Measures of community integration rely on self-report assessments that often quantify physical or social participation, but fail to capture the individual?s spatial presence in the community. The current study documents the activity space, or area of daily experiences, of 37 individuals who were once homeless through participatory mapping and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Contrary to expectations, there was no significant relationship between activity space size and community integration measures, except a negative association with physical integration. Further analysis revealed, however, that continued use of homeless services, geographically spread throughout the city, was associated with larger activity space size, but may be counterproductive to social and psychological integration efforts. Analysis of the types of locations identified revealed high importance given to leisure locations and ongoing involvement with medical and mental health locations. Finally, community integration outcomes did not differ significantly by demographics or housing type, but rather degree of family involvement and feeling like home, factors that may have more potential for change. PMID:24589632

Chan, Dara V; Helfrich, Christine A; Hursh, Norman C; Sally Rogers, E; Gopal, Sucharita

2014-05-01

281

A Taxonomy of Medical Comorbidity for Veterans Who are Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless veterans have numerous medical and behavioral health problems. Grouping homeless people based on comorbidity patterns may assist in determining severity of illness and triaging health care more effectively. We sought to determine if a finite number of profiles could be identified related to demographic characteristics, living situation, length of homelessness, and referral areas using interview data from 2,733 veterans

MPH Adam J. Gordon

2008-01-01

282

Preferences towards Sex Education and Information from a Religiously Diverse Sample of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to identify the preferences towards sex education and information from a religiously diverse sample of young people. The research builds on growing evidence towards religious affiliation having a strong influence on sexual attitudes and behaviour. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 3,007 young people aged 15-18…

Coleman, Lester

2008-01-01

283

School-Age Prework Experiences of Young People with a History of Specific Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with specific language impairment (SLI) are at risk for poorer outcomes with respect to employment in adulthood, yet little is known of how early school-age prework experiences prepare them for the job market. This study examined whether young people with SLI engage in similar types of early work experiences as their typically…

Durkin, Kevin; Fraser, Jill; Conti-Ramsden, Gina

2012-01-01

284

Ethical issues, research and vulnerability: gaining the views of children and young people in residential care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children and young people in residential care are some of the most vulnerable in our society. They may have experienced violence and physical, sexual or emotional abuse. They may be involved in offending or the misuse of drugs and alcohol. They are separated from their families and have to cope with living in a group situation with other young people

Andrew Kendrick; Laura Steckley; Jennifer Lerpiniere

2008-01-01

285

Individualisation and social exclusion: the case of young people not in education, employment or training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The characteristics, experiences and long-term prospects of young people outside the labour market and education have attracted widespread international attention in recent decades, and the specific category of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET) has been a policy concern for the UK Government since 1997. This paper examines the analytical and empirical basis of our knowledge of

Ron Thompson

2011-01-01

286

"Dead End Kids in Dead End Jobs"? Reshaping Debates on Young People in Jobs without Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people who are in "jobs without training" (JWT) are commonly seen as "dead end kids in dead end jobs". They have been identified as a problem group who need to be encouraged back into formal education and training. Following the Leitch report and the new policy goal to involve all young people in education and training up to the age of 18,…

Quinn, Jocey; Lawy, Robert; Diment, Kim

2008-01-01

287

Sexual Violence and Reproductive Health among Young People in Three Communities in Jamaica  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A secondary analysis of data collected from 1,130 young people ages 15 to 24 in a population-based household survey to assess the reproductive health needs of young people in three communities in Jamaica was conducted to determine the relationships among three measures of sexual violence, background variables, three measures of sexual risk taking…

Geary, Cynthia Waszak; Wedderburn, Maxine; McCarraher, Donna; Cuthbertson, Carmen; Pottinger, Audrey

2006-01-01

288

Young People's Satisfaction with Residential Care: Identifying Strengths and Weaknesses in Service Delivery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a landmark Australian study investigating the experiences and perspectives of young people in residential care. Data from a representative sample are analyzed to identify young people's satisfaction with various aspects of their residential care experience: their sense of safety, normality, support, comfort in…

Southwell, Jenni; Fraser, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

289

The Analysis of Young People's Experiences of Domestic Violence: Spiritual and Emotional Journeys through Suffering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hermeneutical analysis of the stories of young people who have experienced domestic violence is described as multi-layered having been developed from a voice centred relational methodology. The purpose was to uncover the complexity of lived experience. As the analysis proceeded, the young people's voices emerged as "feeling" voices,…

Collis, Sue M.

2009-01-01

290

Suicidal thoughts in young people: Their frequency and relationships with personality factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in adolescents and young people. This study aims to identify factors associated with suicidal thinking in young people. Levels of suicidal thinking in a large student population (n=1039) were assessed using the GHQ-28; regression analysis identified personality (trait) and mood (state) correlates of suicidal thoughts. All volunteers were recruited from Universities

Mary E. Stewart; Claire Donaghey; Ian J. Deary; Klaus P. Ebmeier

2008-01-01

291

The significance of employment as a goal for young people with recorded Special Educational Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the significance and validity of employment as a goal for young people with special educational needs. It begins by discussing the salience of employment as a key stage in the transition to adulthood. Drawing on an SOED?funded study of the post?16 experiences of young people with special educational needs, perceptions of the importance of employment held by

Sheila Riddell; Kate Ward; George O. B. Thomson

1993-01-01

292

Project Lungisela: Supporting Young People Leaving State Care in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on appropriate responses to the unique challenges faced by young people at risk who are transitioning out of state care in South Africa. Specific lessons are drawn from Project Lungisela, a youth leaving care programme created to assist young people leaving state care in Khayelitsha, Cape Town. Project Lungisela was initiated by…

Tanur, Carly

2012-01-01

293

Patterns of Substance Use among Young People Attending Colleges of Further Education in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: Substance use and misuse amongst young people attending colleges of further education (FE) has received little attention in the drug use literature in the UK. This article aims to explore the patterns of drug use amongst young people attending colleges of further education in Northern Ireland. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey…

McCrystal, Patrick; Percy, Andrew

2011-01-01

294

The Bleedin' Obvious: Long-Term Support Reconnects At-Risk Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty young people with a history of incarceration, substance abuse and disconnection provided Whitelion with insight into "what worked" in changing their at-risk behaviours. The answer was obvious--state support beyond 18 years of age, perhaps until the mid-twenties. These young people require specialised intervention, and help accessing…

Lemmon, Alistair

2008-01-01

295

Gender, Age, Attendance at a Place of Worship and Young People's Attitudes towards the Bible  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the outcomes of a questionnaire survey which sought to ascertain the attitudes of young people towards the Bible. One thousand and sixty-six pupils from Years 6, 9 and 12 in nine English schools participated. The young people's attitudes are discussed in relation to gender, age and attendance at a place of worship. The…

Freathy, R. J. K.

2006-01-01

296

Engaging Young People with Atypical Gender Identity Development in Therapeutic Work: A Developmental Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender identity disorders (GID) in young people are complex and often distressing conditions. The paper starts by examining the experience of the professional worker resulting from the interaction with this group of young people and their families. This is frequently characterised by a sense of being under pressure and in danger. The view put…

Di Ceglie, Domenico

2009-01-01

297

Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Young People in Education and Training, 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian education and training system offers a range of options for young people. This publication provides a summary of the statistics relating to young people aged 15 to 19 years who participated in an education and training activity during 2011. Information on participation is presented for VET in Schools students, school students,…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

2012-01-01

298

Young people with harmful sexual behaviour: Do those with learning disabilities form a distinct subgroup?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examines 102 young people with Learning Disabilities (n=51) and without a learning disability (NLD; n=51) to explore ways in which LD young people with harmful sexual behaviours (HSB) should be recognized as a subgroup requiring specialized treatment and intervention. Throughout this comparison of perpetrator, victim and abuse characteristics the similarities between the two groups are confirmed repeatedly. NLD

Louise Almond; Susan Giles

2008-01-01

299

FORGING BRIGHTER FUTURES: INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO IMPROVING PROSPECTS FOR AT RISK YOUNG PEOPLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

When young people successfully complete year 12 or its equivalent, their future prospects for health, social status and employment are greatly increased. Re-engaging benefits not only them, but also communities, both economically and socially. However, some young people require additional support to remain in learning and earning pathways and a few need intensive support. This is the core business of

Susanne Koen; Phillipa Duigan

300

School-Based Health Education Provision for Young People in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Northern Ireland, young people exist in a health environment where the experience of social disadvantage is translated into serious risks to health and personal development. The years of political conflict have tended to obscure these health problems, and it is important that the difficulties faced by young people are examined and…

McAleavy, Gerry; McCrystal, Patrick

2007-01-01

301

Acculturation and Religion in Schools: The Views of Young People from Minority Belief Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to explore the relationship between religious identity, acculturation strategies and perceptions of acculturation orientation in the school context amongst young people from minority belief backgrounds. Based on a qualitative study including interviews with 26 young people from religious minority belief backgrounds in Northern…

Niens, Ulrike; Mawhinney, Alison; Richardson, Norman; Chiba, Yuko

2013-01-01

302

Young People's Views on the Nature and Purposes of Physical Education: A Sociological Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Amid the long-standing debate about the nature and purposes of physical education (PE) in schools, comparatively little research has examined the ways in which PE is viewed by young people themselves. This study set out, therefore, to explore young people's views on the nature and purposes of PE from a sociological perspective in the belief that a…

Smith, Andy; Parr, Michael

2007-01-01

303

Tensions and Troubles in Young People's Talk about Safety and Danger in a Violent Neighbourhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how young people living in a violent neighbourhood construct understandings about danger, violence and safety. Reporting findings from a qualitative study that investigated these issues with 8-14 year olds in a South African neighbourhood, the paper identifies how young people attempted to stay safe through reliance on adult…

Parkes, Jenny

2007-01-01

304

Ambiguities around Sexuality: An Approach to Understanding Harassment and Bullying of Young People in British Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a small study undertaken in 2001, which examined the experiences of and responses to sexual harassment and bullying adopted by different professionals (teachers, education social workers, youth workers and a school nurse) and by young people (12 to 25-year-olds). It draws together some of the literature relating to young people and sexuality, the main results

Joy Trotter

2009-01-01

305

Sex and race differences in young people's responsiveness to price and tobacco control policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVETo determine if there are differences in young people's responsiveness to price and tobacco control policies for population subgroups and to examine whether or not these differences, if they exist, can explain sex and racial differences in trends in the prevalence of smoking in young people in the United States.DESIGNUse cross-sectional and intertemporal variation in local and state tobacco control

Frank J Chaloupka; Rosalie Liccardo Pacula

1999-01-01

306

Neuroenhancement in Young People: Proposal for Research, Policy, and Clinical Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychotropic neuroenhancement by young people under 18 is growing, and is certain to increase further with the availability of effective drugs and increasing tolerance for neuroenhancement practices. Use of these agents by young people for purposes of enhancement has social and ethical implications that require scrutiny and analysis. It is particularly important that these analyses do not simply translate normative

Ilina Singh; Kelly J. Kelleher

2010-01-01

307

Measures of Social and Emotional Skills for Children and Young People: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents the findings of a systematic review of measures of social and emotional skills for children and young people. The growing attention to this area in recent years has resulted in the development of a large number of measures to aid in the assessment of children and young people. These measures vary on a number of variables…

Humphrey, Neil; Kalambouka, Afroditi; Wigelsworth, Michael; Lendrum, Ann; Deighton, Jessica; Wolpert, Miranda

2011-01-01

308

Young People with Learning Disabilities Living in State Care: Their Emotional, Behavioural and Mental Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with learning disabilities are significantly more at risk of developing mental health difficulties than their non-disabled peers, with prevalence rates of around 40% commonly reported. Nevertheless, high levels of mental health problems also exist among young people living in state care. However, few studies have examined the mental…

Taggart, Laurence; Cousins, Wendy; Milner, Sharon

2007-01-01

309

Good Listeners--2: Hearing the Voices of Children and Young People in Children's Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes for children and young people in their learning and in their lives often improve when they are actively involved in decision making. The increasing recognition of rights of children and young people to be heard, to have their views taken seriously and to be involved in decisions affecting their lives is expressed in national and…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

310

Good Listeners--The Context: Hearing the Voices of Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes for children and young people in their learning and in their lives often improve when they are actively involved in decision making. The increasing recognition of rights of children and young people to be heard, to have their views taken seriously and involved in decisions is expressed in national and international developments in…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

311

Physical Restraint in Residential Childcare: The Experiences of Young People and Residential Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have long been concerns about the use of physical restraint in residential care. This article presents the findings of a qualitative study that explores the experiences of children, young people and residential workers of physical restraint. The research identifies the dilemmas and ambiguities for both staff and young people, and…

Steckley, Laura; Kendrick, Andrew

2008-01-01

312

Beyond the classroom: the inclusion of young people with learning disabilities in UK mainstream counselling services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counselling is increasingly seen as a way of addressing the psychological needs of young people with emotional, behavioural and academic problems. This paper explores the existing counselling landscape regarding inclusion of young people with learning disabilities in counselling. The research findings are based on data collected from an empirical study (n = 396) and a series of interviews (n =

Sue Pattison

2006-01-01

313

Transition to Adult Services for Young People with Disabilities: Current Evidence to Guide Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the evidence upon which best practice guidelines for transition to adulthood for young people with physical and developmental disabilities were developed in Ontario, Canada, through consensus activities. Evidence was gathered from published and unpublished literature and focus groups with young people, parents, community…

Stewart, Debra

2009-01-01

314

Being Judged, Being Assessed: Young People's Perspective of Assessment in Youth Justice and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research from the Economic and Social Research Council programme on Pathways Into and Out of Crime prioritised young people's "voices" in exploring experiences of crime and a range of intervention services. Drawing on data from interviews with 110 young people, this paper explores their perspectives of professional assessment. Embedded within…

Ellis, Katie; France, Alan

2012-01-01

315

Culturally Appropriate Mentoring for Horn of African Young People in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about how to appropriately adapt mentoring programs for young people from the Horn of Africa, even though they have been arriving in Australia in significantly increasing numbers. These young people face unique challenges as a result of their age, ethnicity, migration and direct/indirect trauma experiences. The results of this…

Griffiths, Megan; Sawrikar, Pooja; Muir, Kristy

2009-01-01

316

We Can Dream! Ways of Planning for the Future for Young People with Autistic Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is for young people and their families, friends and supporters to read and talk about together. It is based on the stories of four young people. Big changes happened for some of them; others are still waiting for things to change. The goal of the booklet is to give students ideas about how they may want to plan or change things when…

Davies, Jill; Burke, Christine; Mattingly, Molly

2009-01-01

317

An Alternative to the Institution for Young People with Severely Handicapping Conditions in a Rural Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A rural deinstitutionalization project for young people with multiple handicaps and maladaptive behavior is described. Measures of adaptive behavior change, maladaptive behavior, daily activities, and consumer satisfaction indicate that young people can be successfully deinstitutionalized regardless of their skill level, their behavior problems,…

Singer, George H. S.; And Others

1984-01-01

318

Better Science: Making It Relevant to Young People. Curriculum Guide 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third in a series of 12 curriculum guides. These publications are recommendations which the committee made for a broad and balanced education program in science for young people. The main theme of this guide is that science education which young people experience during their period of compulsory schooling needs to be characterized by…

Stewart, Denis, Comp.

319

Fears of Violence among English Young People: Disintegration Theory and British Social Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people are not only the perpetrators of violence; they are also the victims of violent acts. This leads to the question of how young people handle potential risk and how they can reduce the danger of becoming victims. The article stresses the topic of juvenile experience and fear of violence. Starting with a description of the nature of…

Cockburn, Tom

2008-01-01

320

Changing the Culture of Young People's Binge Drinking: From Motivations to Practical Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: This paper explores young people's own opinions about how the "drinking to get drunk" culture can be changed. More precisely, the two objectives of this study were to explore: (1) whether young people viewed binge drinking as a real "problem"; and (2) what they thought could be done to reduce binge drinking. Methods: Forty in-depth…

Coleman, Lester; Cater, Suzanne

2007-01-01

321

Children and Young People's Views on Web 2.0 Technologies. LGA Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web 2.0 technologies are online tools that allow users to share, collaborate and interact with one another. This small-scale project focused on young people's personal use of social media, and on the potential to use these tools to collect the views of young people and involve them in democracy in communities and local authorities. The main…

Rudd, Peter; Walker, Matthew

2010-01-01

322

Script Cards: A Visual Programming Language for Games Authoring by Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes Script Cards, a visual programming language which enables young people to script story events in a 3D role-playing game (Neverwinter Nights). Script Cards is designed to eliminate the need to learn a complex scripting language when creating interactive stories. An initial evaluation of Script Cards suggests that young people found it easy to use

Katherine Howland; Judith Good; Judy Robertson

2006-01-01

323

Young People's Writing in 2011: Findings from the National Literacy Trust's Annual Literacy Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report only outlines findings that relate to writing, taken from the author's second annual literacy survey, which she conducted in November/December 2011. Nearly 21,000 young people aged 8 to 16 participated. Writing is an important issue in the UK today. While children's and young people's writing standards had plateaued between 2006 and…

Clark, Christina

2012-01-01

324

The Youth Worker's Role in Young People's Sexual Health: A Practice Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual health promotion is of primary importance for young people in Australia, especially for vulnerable and at-risk young people. The authors first identify the important role of youth workers in engaging clients proactively around a broad range of sexual health issues, and then discuss real and perceived barriers that youth workers face in…

Janssen, Marty; Davis, Jackie

2009-01-01

325

The Global Youth Media Council: Young People Speaking and Learning about Media Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 5th World Summit on Media for Children and Youth held in Karlstad, Sweden in June 2010 provided a unique media literacy experience for approximately thirty young people from diverse backgrounds through participation in the Global Youth Media Council. This article focuses on the Summit's aim to give young people a "voice" through intercultural…

Dezuanni, Michael Luigi; Miles, Prue

2011-01-01

326

The Turning Tides of Intoxication: Young People's Drinking in Britain in the 2000s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of recent changes in young people's consumption of alcohol in Britain before then charting emerging academic perspectives and some of the recent regulatory and legislative changes. Design/methodology/approach: The approach takes the form of a selective narrative review of young people's…

Measham, Fiona

2008-01-01

327

Focus groups with young people: a participatory approach to research planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present our experiences of conducting focus groups with young people as part of a participatory approach to research design and participant recruitment. The research is a prospective, 10-year, qualitative, longitudinal project investigating young people's daily lives, relationships, and identities, and the ways these change over time. It adopts a multi-method approach in which each participant has

Anna Bagnoli; Andrew Clark

2010-01-01

328

Us and Them: Young People's Constructions of National Identity in Cyprus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore young people's constructions of national identity in Cyprus. The article is based on focus group discussions with 20 Greek-speaking and 20 Turkish-speaking young people between 13 and 15 years of age, drawn from two schools in the divided capital city of Nicosia. The article explores both the ways in which…

Leonard, Madeleine

2012-01-01

329

Concepts of citizenship, social and system integration among young people in post-Soviet Moldova  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper looks at changing concepts of citizenship among young people in Moldova in a context of social and system disintegration. Due to the protracted economic and political crisis there, young people were disengaged from political, economic and social citizenship but are socially integrated at the level of family and friendship networks, which gives them a sense of belonging in

Pamela Abbott; Claire Wallace; Marianna Mascauteanu; Roger Sapsford

2010-01-01

330

"It's Work, Work, Work, Work": Young People's Experiences of Effort and Engagement in Dance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the second phase of a large project examining young people's experiences in dance education. It draws on multi-modal data from over 700 young people, diverse both demographically and in terms of degree and kind of dance experience. This phase focuses on data reflecting engagement and disengagement in dance, and illuminates them from…

Bond, Karen E.; Stinson, Susan W.

2007-01-01

331

"Make Your Own Way There": An Agenda for Young People in the Modern Labour Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems facing young people in Australia's current labor market and the effectiveness of Australia's educational system in preparing young people for the labor market were examined. Particular attention was paid to the following issues: the reshaping of work in the modern labor market; skill development in the modern labor market; the impact…

Spierings, John

332

Alternative Education Sites and Marginalised Young People: "I Wish There Were More Schools Like This One"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on research conducted in alternative schools/flexible learning centres designed to support young people marginalised from mainstream schooling in Australia. Many of the young people attending these centres had left school due to difficult personal circumstances and/or significant conflicts with schooling authorities. We argue…

McGregor, Glenda; Mills, Martin

2012-01-01

333

Indigenous Young People in the Juvenile Justice System: 2010-11. Bulletin No. 109  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people are substantially over-represented in the juvenile justice system in Australia, and this over-representation is highest in the most serious processes and outcomes--particularly in detention. This bulletin examines the numbers and characteristics of Indigenous young people in the juvenile justice…

Morgan, Kirsten; Schlumpp, Arianne

2012-01-01

334

Evaluation of Integrated Aimhigher: Tracking Surveys of Young People. Research Report RR811  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The integrated Aimhigher programme was established in 2004 to widen participation in higher education by raising the aspirations and developing the abilities of young people from underrepresented groups. In order to explore the extent to which young people subsequently made a successful transition at 16 and intended, or had decided, to continue…

Ireland, Eleanor; Golden, Sarah; Morris, Marian

2006-01-01

335

Mental Health Problems in Young People with Intellectual Disabilities: The Impact on Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Young people with intellectual disabilities seem to be at increased risk of developing mental health problems. The present study set out to examine the impact such difficulties can have on parents. Method: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were carried out with 13 parents and one adult sibling of 11 young people with intellectual…

Faust, Hannah; Scior, Katrina

2008-01-01

336

Young People in Transition. Report of the VCM-TEAC Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school-to-work transition experienced by young people employed in the manufacturing industry was examined. Personal interviews were conducted with 58 young people, their supervisors and/or employers, and staff of the schools they attended. A consensus of views was found between employers and schools on the relative importance of aims of…

Bride, Margaret; Knights, Barry

337

Suicide in young people aged 15–24: a psychological autopsy study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The suicide rate in young people in the United Kingdom has increased over the last decade. As there is a paucity of information about the characteristics of young suicides we have undertaken a detailed investigation of suicides in people aged 15–24 years by means of the psychological autopsy approach. Methods: The sample consisted of 27 subjects (25 males, two

Kelly Houston; Keith Hawton; Rosie Shepperd

2001-01-01

338

Young People and Mental Health: Novel Methods for Systematic Review of Research on Barriers and Facilitators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how barriers to, and facilitators of, good mental health amongst young people (11-21 years) were elucidated from a systematic review of studies of young people's views and how these barriers and facilitators were compared with effectiveness studies to identify effective and appropriate interventions, promising interventions…

Oliver, S.; Harden, A.; Rees, R.; Shepherd, J.; Brunton, G.; Oakley, A.

2008-01-01

339

Yshareit: A Project Promoting the Use of E-Mental Health Resources among Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The yshareit project aims to increase awareness of and access to reputable e-mental health resources among young people. This is achieved by developing peer support networks, supported by e-mental health resources including the triage website, http://www.yshareit.com. Young people involved in the evaluation of the project described in this paper…

Spiranovic, Caroline; Briggs, Kate; Kirkby, Kenneth; Mobsby, Caroline; Daniels, Brett

2008-01-01

340

New Learning Worlds: The Significance of Nature in the Lives of Marginalised Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores a hitherto neglected issue: the significance of nature in the learning lives of marginalised young people. Drawing on both post-human and sociocultural perspectives, it develops a theoretical analysis of this important subject. It uses research with 114 young people in jobs without training in rural South-west England to…

Quinn, Jocey

2013-01-01

341

Considerations on the involvement of young people as co-inquirers in abuse and neglect research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article considers challenges faced in undertaking research work that examines issues of abuse and neglect, with young people acting in the role of co-inquirer. Based on a research process devised to support a qualitative study exploring why young people think they are frequently not believed when they report abuse and neglect, consideration is given to the issues encountered in

Stan Tucker

2012-01-01

342

'Young clean and safe?' young people's perceptions of risk from sexually transmitted infections in regional, rural and remote Australia.  

PubMed

This paper examines young people's perceived vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and their efforts to create a sense of personal safety within an environment in which risks may be high and where STIs are highly stigmatised. The paper reports on findings from research involving both Indigenous and non-Indigenous 16- to 25-year-olds from remote, rural and regional Australia, including communities in the Northern Territory, Western Australia and South Australia. The study used qualitative methods, including body mapping and scenario based interviewing, to explore how young people made decisions about potential sexual partners and how STIs were understood within the context of young people's everyday social worlds. The paper has important implications for the design and implementation of sexual-health education programmes by documenting the stigmatisation of young people with STIs and the protective mechanisms peer groups employ to create perceptions of personal safety. PMID:24592872

Senior, Kate; Helmer, Janet; Chenhall, Richard; Burbank, Victoria

2014-01-01

343

A Neglected Special Population: The Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research techniques that were used during the last 20 years to examine the homeless were investigated to identify the types of homeless people studied and the advantages/limitations of various research strategies. The objectives of this investigation were to: (1) review and critique the type of data collected and the research methods used by…

Milburn, Norweeta G.; Watts, Roderick J.

344

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the eighth volume of a series designed and written for the young reader aged 9 and above. It contains three issues and covers individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

1999-01-01

345

A study of young peoples' attitudes to opportunistic Chlamydia testing in UK general practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess young people's perceptions of being offered a chlamydia screening test in United Kingdom (UK) general practice. METHODS: This is qualitative study that uses focus groups and individual interviews with young adults (age 16 – 18) to assess their views. RESULTS: These young adults were a difficult group to gain access to.

Joanne Heritage; Melvyn Jones

2008-01-01

346

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the ninth volume of a series designed and written for young readers ages 9 and above. It contains three issues and profiles individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

2000-01-01

347

Researching young people's sexuality and learning about sex: experience, need, and sex and relationship education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes findings from an in-depth case study of young people's sexuality and learning about sex. Focus groups and unstructured interviews were conducted with young women and young men aged 15-16 years in a school in the north of England. Analysis focused on disjunctions between reported sexual behaviour in a park and in a bedsitting room, and the content

Julia Hirst

2004-01-01

348

Subjective Well-Being among Young People in Transition to Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a nationally representative sample of young people in Germany from the German Socio-Economic Panel to examine how demographic and socio-economic characteristics of the young persons and their parents, personality traits of the young persons, quality and quantity of relationships, the parent's level of life satisfaction, and other…

Trzcinski, Eileen; Holst, Elke

2008-01-01

349

Young people's perception of the space shuttle disaster: case study.  

PubMed

To explore how young people were affected by the space shuttle disaster, the responses of 79 females in 5th, 8th, and 12th grades and 18 males in 5th grade who had witnessed the event on video at school were examined. Six days after the Challenger accident, they were asked to list and rank the three things that had affected them most over the last seven days and to explain the reason behind their first choice. Only 8.9% of the females ranked the space shuttle first, and only 30.4% ranked it in the top three. Competing issues were school-related activities, grades, and family relations. Of the 5th-grade males, 88.9% mentioned the space shuttle and 38.9% saw it as their top concern. For both males and females, this choice was based on sadness and empathy. The youths did not relate the disaster to the fragility of modern technology or the threat of nuclear war. The relatively low response rate of the females who had witnessed this event was interpreted as being indicative of repression-denial. It was concluded that future research should address the extent to which post-crisis denial could be masking more significant psychological trauma in youth. PMID:1927662

Gould, B B; Gould, J B

1991-01-01

350

Neuropsychological functioning of homeless men.  

PubMed

Numerous biological and psychological factors associated with impaired neurological functioning have been identified as common among the homeless, but there has been relatively little systematic examination of the cognitive functioning of homeless people. This study explored the neuropsychological functioning of 90 homeless men. There was great variability in their test scores, but the presence of possible cognitive impairment was detected in 80% of the sample. Average general intellectual functioning and reading abilities were found to be relatively low, and the incidence of impairments in reading, new verbal learning, memory, and attention and concentration was high. These findings suggest that the homeless men in this study had considerable assessment and treatment needs that were not being met by most of the health and social services offered to them. PMID:15232317

Solliday-McRoy, Cindy; Campbell, Todd C; Melchert, Timothy P; Young, Terence J; Cisler, Ron A

2004-07-01

351

Health-Seeking Challenges Among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Approximately 1.5 to 2 million homeless young persons live on the streets in the United States. With the current economic situation, research is needed on quality of services geared toward homeless young adults. Objectives The objective of this study was to explore homeless young adults' perspectives on barriers and facilitators of health-care-seeking behavior and their perspectives on improving existing programs for homeless persons. Methods This article is a descriptive qualitative study using focus groups, with a purposeful sample of 24 homeless drug-using young adults. Results Identified themes were failing access to care based on perceived structural barriers (limited clinic sites, limited hours of operation, priority health conditions, and long wait times) and social barriers (perception of discrimination by uncaring professionals, law enforcement, and society in general). Discussion Results provide insight into programmatic and agency resources that facilitate health-seeking behaviors among homeless young adults and include implications for more research with providers of homeless health and social services.

Hudson, Angela L.; Nyamathi, Adeline; Greengold, Barbara; Slagle, Alexandra; Koniak-Griffin, Deborah; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Getzoff, Daniel

2010-01-01

352

Persistent high fertility in Uganda: young people recount obstacles and enabling factors to use of contraceptives  

PubMed Central

Background High fertility among young people aged 15-24 years is a public health concern in Uganda. Unwanted pregnancy, unsafe induced abortions and associated high morbidity and mortality among young women may be attributed to low contraceptive use. This study aims at exploring reasons for low contraceptive use among young people. Methods In 16 focus group discussions, the views of young people about obstacles and enabling factors to contraceptive use in Mityana and Mubende districts, Uganda were explored. The groups were homogeneously composed by married and unmarried men and women, between the ages of 15-24. The data obtained was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results Young men and women described multiple obstacles to contraceptive use. The obstacles were categorized as misconceptions and fears related to contraception, gender power relations, socio-cultural expectations and contradictions, short term planning, and health service barriers. Additionally, young people recounted several enabling factors that included female strategies to overcome obstacles, changing perceptions to contraceptive use, and changing attitude towards a small family size. Conclusions Our findings suggest changing perceptions and behavior shift towards contraceptive use and a small family size although obstacles still exist. Personalized strategies to young women and men are needed to motivate and assist young people plan their future families, adopt and sustain use of contraceptives. Reducing obstacles and reinforcing enabling factors through education, culturally sensitive behavior change strategies have the potential to enhance contraceptives use. Alternative models of contraceptive service delivery to young people are proposed.

2010-01-01

353

[A molecular epidemiological analysis of several outbreaks of tuberculosis in public saunas. A problem of tuberculosis among homeless people in the metropolitan area].  

PubMed

There were several outbreaks of pulmonary tuberculosis among employees and customers of public saunas in Shijuku, a large office, shopping and amusement quarter in Tokyo. Twenty four patients with pulmonary tuberculosis were found between March 1994 and November 1996. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of DNA derived from Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated from eighteen patients with positive cultures was used to analyze the transmission route. The DNA probe was derived from the insertion sequence IS6110. There were 14 different DNA patterns of the M. tuberculosis isolated from 18 patients. Of 14 patterns, three patterns were shared by 2 patients, patients and 3 patients, respectively. The remaining 11 patterns were observed in 11 patients, thus one pattern for each patient. These data suggest that the infection of M. tuberculosis resulted from different origins. The saunas in amusement areas like Shinjuku have been used as hotels. Many customers from different places are using the saunas for overnight stay, and in particular homeless people have been using the saunas as their "home". The sauna can be a place where groups of people with high risk for tuberculosis congregate and the potential for an outbreak of tuberculosis can occur. PMID:9436385

Nakanishi, Y; Oyama, Y; Takahashi, M; Mori, T

1997-10-01

354

A cluster analysis of service utilization and incarceration among homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Our paper examines service usage (e.g., shelter) as well as a typology of individuals who are most likely to use groupings of services among 249 homeless youth. Our results revealed that the majority of homeless young people have used food programs (66%) and street outreach (65%) on at least one occasion within the past year. Cluster analysis of services revealed four distinct groups: (1) basic survival service use, characterized by above average shelter, food, and outreach service use, but below average on counseling, substance abuse/ mental health services, and incarceration; (2) multiple service use, which included above average use of all six services; (3) incarceration experience, characterized by above average incarceration experience, but below average use of all other five services; and (4) minimal service use, which included slightly above average use of counseling, but below average use of all other services. These findings have the potential to provide important information that may assist with targeting services to homeless youth.

Kort-Butler, Lisa A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.

2012-01-01

355

Why do young people with CFS/ME feel anxious? A qualitative study.  

PubMed

Young people with chronic fatigue syndrome or myalagic encephalopathy (CFS/ME) (CFS/ME) experience higher levels of psychological distress than healthy controls and young people with other chronic illnesses, and it was recently demonstrated that 38% of this population scored above the clinical cut-off on the Spence Child Anxiety Scale. Subscales of social and separation anxiety were consistently high across gender and age groups. In this study, we used qualitative methods to help us understand more about these two types of anxiety in young people with CFS/ME. Eleven young people (age 12-18) were interviewed. Interviews were self-directed by the participants and were wide ranging. The transcripts were analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Five superordinate themes were identified: social loss and adjustment; introduction of uncertainty and unpredictability; the vulnerable self; individual differences; and contributions towards recovery. Many themes were identical to those described in young people coping with other chronic illnesses in adolescence. In addition, young people with CFS/ME describe experiences associated with the perceived illegitimacy of this condition, namely: feeling unable to explain their illness; bullying from peers; disbelief; and distrust from adults around them. This becomes an additional challenge for these young people. Clinicians need to be aware of these problems, and offer appropriate support. PMID:23093520

Fisher, Hanne; Crawley, Esther

2013-10-01

356

Secular trends in under-reporting in young people.  

PubMed

National survey data show that reported energy intake has decreased in recent decades despite a rise in the prevalence of obesity. This disparity may be due to a secular increase in under-reporting or a quantitatively greater decrease in energy expenditure. This study examines the extent of under-reporting of energy intake in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) in young people aged 4-18 years in 1997 using published equations to calculate estimated energy requirements. It explores secular changes by comparison with the Diets of British School Children (DBSC) survey in 10-11- and 14-15-year-olds in 1983. In the NDNS, under-reporting (estimated energy requirements--energy intake) represented 21 % of energy needs in girls and 20 % in boys. The magnitude of under-reporting increased significantly with age (P<0.001) and was higher in overweight than lean individuals over 7 years of age. To compare reported energy intake in DBSC and NDNS, the estimated physical activity level from dietary records (dPAL=reported energy intake/predicted BMR) was calculated. If there were no under-reporting, dPAL would represent the subject's true activity level. However, dPAL from the NDNS was significantly lower than that from the DBSC by 8 % and 9 % in boys and girls for those aged 10-11 years, and by 14 % and 11 % for 14-15-year-olds respectively, reaching physiologically implausible levels in the 14-15-year-old girls (dPAL=1.17). If activity levels have remained constant between the two surveys, under-reporting has increased by 8-14 %. The evidence supports a secular trend towards increased under-reporting between the two surveys, but the precise magnitude cannot be quantified in the absence of historical measures of energy expenditure. PMID:15788117

Rennie, K L; Jebb, S A; Wright, A; Coward, W A

2005-02-01

357

Understanding SSI: Spotlight on Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... Spotlights Home / Spotlight on Homelessness WHAT IF I AM HOMELESS? If you are homeless, you have the ... MY SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI) BENEFITS IF I AM HOMELESS? If you are homeless, some of the ...

358

How They Got It and How They Wanted It: Marginalised Young People's Perspective on Their Experiences of Sexual Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people in Australia are at greatest risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections, and priority actions are necessary for this population group. This study of marginalised and at-risk young people in out-of-school environments was conducted in Western Australia with the aim of obtaining young people's perceptions about their experience…

Brown, Graham; Sorenson, Anne; Hildebrand, Janina

2012-01-01

359

"Religious Parents... Just Want the Best for Their Kids": Young People's Perspectives on the Influence of Religious Beliefs on Parenting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Challenging some of the current predominantly negative representations of the effects of religion on young people requires further research into faith and family life, particularly from the perspective of young people themselves. This article presents a preliminary report of a study of 40 young people, mostly Christians and Muslims, aged 13-15…

Lees, Janet; Horwath, Jan

2009-01-01

360

"They Have Opened Our Mouths": Increasing Women's Skills and Motivation for Sexual Communication with Young People in Rural South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication between parents and young people about sex has been identified as a positive influence on young people's sexual behavior. This article presents findings from South Africa, where a social intervention to reduce levels of HIV and intimate partner violence actively promoted sexual communication between adults and young people. We…

Phetla, Godfrey; Busza, Joanna; Hargreaves, James R.; Pronyk, Paul M.; Kim, Julia C.; Morison, Linda A.; Watts, Charlotte; Porter, John D. H.

2008-01-01

361

In pursuit of pleasure: health education as a means of facilitating the “health journey” of young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To highlight recently emerging issues and discussions related to the “health journey” of young people, and how health education interventions may be best applied in light of these. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A general review of the “health journey” phenomena in young people is explored. Findings – Many health education interventions involving young people target emotive issues such as illicit

Dean Whitehead

2005-01-01

362

Daklozen en Thuislozen (Roofless and Homeless).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report the committee has concentrated its survey of relevant studies around four themes: views of the underlying mechanisms which cause people to become homeless (chapter 2); definitions of concepts and numbers (chapter 3); changes in the characte...

1995-01-01

363

Young people's perception of sexual and reproductive health services in Kenya  

PubMed Central

Background Addressing the Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) needs of young people remains a big challenge. This study explored experiences and perceptions of young people in Kenya aged 10–24 with regard to their SRH needs and whether these are met by the available healthcare services. Methods 18 focus group discussions and 39 in-depth interviews were conducted at health care facilities and youth centres across selected urban and rural settings in Kenya. All interviews were tape recorded and transcribed. Data was analysed using the thematic framework approach. Results Young people’s perceptions are not uniform and show variation between boys and girls as well as for type of service delivery. Girls seeking antenatal care and family planning services at health facilities characterise the available services as good and staff as helpful. However, boys perceive services at health facilities as designed for women and children, and therefore feel uncomfortable seeking services. At youth centres, young people value the non-health benefits including availability of recreational facilities, prevention of idleness, building of confidence, improving interpersonal communication skills, vocational training and facilitation of career progression. Conclusion Providing young people with SRH information and services through the existing healthcare system, presents an opportunity that should be further optimised. Providing recreational activities via youth centres is reported by young people themselves to not lead to increased uptake of SRH healthcare services. There is need for more research to evaluate how perceived non-health benefits young people do gain from youth centres could lead to improved SRH of young people.

2014-01-01

364

Bought and Sold: Helping Young People Escape From Commercial Sexual Exploitation  

MedlinePLUS

... Topics: Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking , Runaway and Homeless Youth , Safety , Trauma-informed Care , Well-being PDF: ... Pregnant and Parenting Youth Relationship Violence Runaway and Homeless Youth Safety Self-sufficiency Teen Pregnancy Prevention Trauma- ...

365

Young People with Cancer: A Handbook for Parents. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book informs parents and families of children and young adults with cancer about the most common types of cancer in the young, treatments and their side effects, and common issues that arise with a cancer diagnosis. Aspects of the disease, including characteristics of leukemia and solid tumors, are described. Treatment issues discussed…

National Cancer Inst. (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

366

"Not Under My Roof!" Young People's Experience of Home.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined young adults' experiences living at home for extended periods. Interview data indicated that the concept of home was a core organizing symbol in the discourse about coresidence with parents, linking social, emotional, and physical dimensions of the domestic environment with the young person's developing sense of self. The meaning of home…

White, Naomi Rosh

2002-01-01

367

Help for Homeless Veterans  

MedlinePLUS

... Women Veterans Incarcerated Veterans SITE SEARCH Search For Homeless Veterans If you are a homeless veteran or a veteran at risk of becoming homeless, these pages provide information that you can use ...

368

Families Experiencing Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... compound the stress the family feels. Families experiencing homelessness: Are typically comprised of a mother in her ... than other low-income families. 4 Mothers Experiencing Homelessness: The impact of homelessness on mothers is profound. ...

369

Skin infections in young people (aged 14-18 years): an integrative review.  

PubMed

Skin infections are a major cause of preventable hospitalization, with young people being particularly susceptible. Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection typically presents as skin infection. CA-MRSA infection rates have increased rapidly in the past decade. Exploration of literature specific to young people aged 14-18 years is therefore timely. Integrative review using the methods described by Whittemore and Knafl was undertaken. Electronic databases of Medline, CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google databases were searched for English-language articles published after 1990. Twenty primary studies were included and the findings are reported here. Data analysis revealed factors influencing skin infections in young people may be host-, transmission-, or pathogen-specific. Strategies to address host and transmission factors may be effective in controlling skin infection rates in young people. PMID:23945044

Lambe, Catherine I; Hoare, Karen J

2014-06-01

370

Young People and Suicide—the College Scene | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine  

MedlinePLUS

... this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Preventing Suicides Young People and Suicide —the College Scene Past Issues / Winter 2010 Table ... of the risk factors and warning signs for suicide seen among the general population. Some facts about ...

371

New Forms of Expression Among Young People of Immigrant Stock in France.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role played in community life and in work associations by young people born of immigrant parents from North Africa. Maintains that they must be more fully integrated into the mainstream of French social and cultural life. (JDH)

Mazouz, Mohammed

1985-01-01

372

"The Bad People Go and Speak to Her": Young People's Choice and Agency when Accessing Mental Health Support in School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerns about the mental health and well-being of children and young people have been articulated in health and education policy fields as a call for closer working between schools and providers of mental health support services. Drawing from a Scottish study, this article explores issues of access, when mental health initiatives are sited in…

Spratt, Jennifer; Shucksmith, Janet; Philip, Kate; Watson, Cate

2010-01-01

373

Are we getting the message across? Trends among young men attending an inner city young people's clinic  

PubMed Central

Background: A young people's clinic has been running at the Archway Sexual Health Clinic since 1997. This offers a weekly walk-in service to both young men and women under 20 years old. Objectives: To review the audit data of over 7 years' experience from the dedicated young people's clinic at the Archway Sexual Health Clinic, the "Arch." Methods: These data were collected by retrospective notes review of a consecutive series of all male attendees over a 7 year period from 1997 to the end of 2003 with collection of data in Microsoft Excel database. Results: These figures show an overall increase in attendee numbers, but also a relative rise in the numbers of young men using the service. A high number of bacterial sexually transmitted infections were detected. In 2001 and 2003 respectively, 14.5% and 17.8% of the young men using the service were diagnosed with Chlamydia trachomatis. A user survey aimed to identify factors that may be encouraging the young men to access the service. Conclusions: Responding to the views of young men using the service has played a part in service development. Initiatives at the "Arch" such as the condom policy and choice of gender of staff may be factors encouraging increasing attendances. Continuing to work with other agencies to develop ways to engage young men are recommended. Word of mouth recommendation cannot be underestimated in publicising the service.

Armitage, C; Curran, B; Wright, S; Lenehan, K; Kell, P

2004-01-01

374

Qualitative study of young people's and parents' beliefs about childhood asthma.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Asthma continues to be a common childhood chronic illness managed principally in primary care. Self-management requires co-ordinated efforts of young people, carers and health professionals. Non-compliance occurs even when parents are supervising care, suggesting that decisions are made on the basis of beliefs that contrast with professional advice. Health professionals therefore need to understand the views of parents (or other carers) and patients to promote good self-management. Little attention has been given to carers' and young people's perspectives on asthma. AIM: To gain insights into the beliefs of a group of 25 young people aged nine to 16 years old and their carers about asthma and its management. DESIGN OF STUDY: Qualitative study using conversational-style interviews. SETTING: Generally deprived urban areas of Greater Manchester. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with 25 young people with asthma and separately with their carers. The interviews were analysed using the principles and procedures of grounded theory. RESULTS: Carers reported assessing asthma symptoms through observed effects on the child and other family members, including emotions and behaviours that disrupted family life. Young people emphasised the effect of asthma on their everyday lives and in particular the extent to which they appeared different to their peers. Some young people reported continuing symptoms and restrictions of activity that differed widely from the reports of their carers. CONCLUSION: Differences between young people's and carers' criteria for assessment suggest explanations for some 'non-compliant' behaviour. Carers' assessment of asthma severity through the absence of acute attacks is consistent with managing asthma as intermittent acute episodes. Professionals should take account of differences between young people's, carers' and professionals' perceptions of asthma.

Callery, Peter; Milnes, Linda; Verduyn, Chrissie; Couriel, Jonathan

2003-01-01

375

Youth, gangs and violence: Analysing the social and spatial mobility of young people in Guatemala City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth gangs have become an increasingly significant, and controversial, social institution in low-income communities in many cities in Central America, and yet the local-level impacts of this phenomenon, especially on young people, remain under-explored. Drawing on research with young people in Guatemala City, this paper explores the multiple barriers to the social and spatial mobility of both gang and non-gang

Ailsa Winton

2005-01-01

376

The role of cannabis in supporting young people's cigarette smoking: a qualitative exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports findings from a qualitative study which explores the role of cannabis in young people's lives during their early teenage years. In particular, it focuses on the rela- tionship between cannabis and tobacco-related beliefs and behaviour. Fifty-nine young people of both sexes, aged 13-15, from different socio- economic backgrounds, and with a wide range of cigarette and cannabis

G. Highet

2004-01-01

377

The Gift of the Gab?: A Design Oriented Sociology of Young People's Use of Mobiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper reports on an ethnographicallyinformed,observation of the use of mobile phones and text messaging,services amongst,young people. It offers a sociological explanation for the popularity of text messaging,and for the sharing of mobile phones between,co-proximate persons. Specifically, it reveals that young people use mobile phone content and the phones themselves to participate in the practices of gift exchange. By

Alex S. Taylor; Richard H. R. Harper

2003-01-01

378

Familial, psychiatric, and socioeconomic risk factors for suicide in young people: nested case-control study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To estimate the risk of suicide in young people related to family and individual psychiatric and socioeconomic factors. Design Population based nested case›control study. Setting Data from longitudinal Danish registers. Cases and controls 496 young people aged 10›21 years who had committed suicide during 1981›97 in Denmark and 24 800 controls matched for sex, age, and time. Main outcome

Esben Agerbo; Merete Nordentoft; Preben Bo Mortensen

2002-01-01

379

What Research Tells Us About the Intersecting Streams of Homelessness and Foster Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews mounting evidence linking foster care and homelessness and considers new ap- proaches for intervention. Although there is no causal evidence that family homelessness leads to foster care or vice versa, the association no longer originates solely from samples of homeless people, but also from samples of people with childhood histories of foster care. Many programs work with

Cheryl Zlotnick

2010-01-01

380

Blueprint to End Homelessness. An Initiative of the Indianapolis Housing Task Force.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Homelessness can be ended, but not unless a much greater effort is mounted to help homeless people find and maintain safe, decent housing they can afford. This Blueprint calls for a 'housing first' approach that emphasizes placing homeless people in affor...

2002-01-01

381

A pain workshop: an approach to eliciting the views of young people with chronic pain.  

PubMed

Chronic pain is complex and there is still much to discover about the burden that it places on children and their families. The aim of this study was to explore the way in which the experience of chronic pain impacts on the lives of young people. Through the use of a pain workshop that involved a series of guided activities and a focus group, young people were able to share their experiences with each other and the facilitators/researchers. Data were analysed using a theoretical coding technique supported by Atlas.ti. Five key interlinked themes emerged from the data and each theme is expressed in the words of the young people themselves: 'no one's pain's the same', 'getting on with it', 'it's hard 'cos...', 'keeping with the dream', and 'it depends ... some are OK'. The young people did experience significant disruption in their lives as a result of their pain. Pain was experienced as if it was both a separate entity as well as an intrinsic part of them and, to a degree, blighted their future. Based on the experiences shared by the young people, professionals need to develop insight and strategies into the challenges young people with chronic pain face on a daily basis. PMID:12427180

Carter, Bernie; Lambrenos, Karina; Thursfield, Jonathan

2002-11-01

382

The Young People of Tula: Value Orientations and the Realities of Everyday Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the Laboratory of Sociological Research of the municipal office of the social service Shans Center for Social and Psychological Assistance for Young People carried out a sociological survey titled "Current Problems of Today's Young Person," for the purpose of studying the most urgent problems affecting the social development of Tula's…

Samsonova, E. A.; Efimova, E. Iu.

2008-01-01

383

Having Confidence in Therapeutic Work with Young People: Constraints and Challenges to Confidentiality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Confidentiality presents particular challenges to practitioners working with young people, on account of the latter's vulnerability and emotional immaturity. Ethical codes place a key importance on confidentiality, from deontological and teleological perspectives. However, young clients may rely on a more pragmatic approach in deciding whether to…

Jenkins, Peter

2010-01-01

384

Gendered (s)explorations among same-sex attracted young people in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to import a more complex understanding of gendered subjectivity into discussions of young people and homosexuality, and is based on an Australian national survey (n=749) of same-sex attracted youth (SSAY) aged between 14 and 21. Results revealed significant gender differences with regard to patterns of sexual attraction, behaviour and identity labels among participants. For the young men

DEBORAH DEMPSEY; LYNNE HILLIER; LYN HARRISON

2001-01-01

385

Self Harm and Suicide Risk for Same-Sex Attracted Young People: A Family Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the risks of self-harm and suicide and in particular the importance of family in mental health outcomes for same-sex attracted young people. Mental health workers can assist families gain confidence in dealing with the news that a young person is same-sex attracted. Implications for practitioners and a model for affirmative…

Brown, Rhonda

2002-01-01

386

Understanding the Online Information-Seeking Behaviours of Young People: The Role of Networks of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information seeking is one of the most popular online activities for young people and can provide an additional information channel, which may enhance learning. In this study, we propose and test a model that adds to the existing literature by examining the ways in which parents, schools, and friends (what we call networks of support) effect young

Eynon, R.; Malmberg, L.-E.

2012-01-01

387

Ambiguities around Sexuality: An Approach to Understanding Harassment and Bullying of Young People in British Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a small study undertaken in 2001, which examined the experiences of and responses to sexual harassment and bullying adopted by different professionals (teachers, education social workers, youth workers and a school nurse) and by young people (12 to 25-year-olds). It draws together some of the literature relating to young

Trotter, Joy

2009-01-01

388

Cyberbullying: Experiences, Impacts and Coping Strategies as Described by Australian Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyberbullying impacts on the wellbeing, schooling, family and peer relationships of many young people. The current study of 548 young Australians revealed that cyberbullying is a group phenomenon most prevalent during the transitional ages between primary and secondary school. It takes on many forms and shows an overlap in roles between "bully"…

Price, Megan; Dalgleish, John

2010-01-01

389

Narratives of sexual health risk and protection amongst young people from refugee backgrounds in Melbourne, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people with refugee backgrounds face many challenges when making their lives in a resettlement country and their sexual and reproductive health needs are often overlooked. This paper reports on sexual health literacy amongst recently arrived young refugees settling in Melbourne, Australia. Qualitative methods were used to explore how resettled youth access, interpret and implement sexual health information, with a

Celia McMichael; Sandra Gifford

2010-01-01

390

Politics in the Scope of the Vital Interests of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an empirical study of young Russians' participation in political life and how they view the influence of politics on their lives. This study investigates, first, the extent to which young people are interested in politics compared to other spheres of public life. Second, it looks at the extent to which political…

Zvonovskii, Vladimir

2009-01-01

391

What Children and Young People Say They Want from Social Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a reviews of key findings from research which has obtained the views of children and young people about social work services. These provide helpful feedback from young consumers about their experiences of child protection investigations and their aftermath; home supervision; residential and foster care; and decision-making including reviews. , On the whole, a fairly positive picture emerges

Malcolm Hill

392

Mobility, education and livelihood trajectories for young people in rural Ghana: a gender perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the gendered implications of Africa's transport gap (the lack of cheap, regular and reliable transport) for young people in rural Ghana, with particular reference to the linkages between restricted mobility, household work demands, access to education and livelihood potential. Our aim is to show how mobility constraints, especially as these interact with household labour demands, restrict young

Gina Porter; Kate Hampshire; Albert Abane; Augustine Tanle; Kobina Esia-Donkoh; Regina Obilie Amoako-Sakyi; Samuel Agblorti; Samuel Asiedu Owusu

2011-01-01

393

Disconnected Young People in New York City: Crisis and Opportunity. P/PV Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, the first in a series relating to disconnected young adults commissioned by JobsFirst NYC, examines what is known about New York City's disconnected youth--16 to 24 year-olds who are not working and not in school. The report explores the roots of disconnection and identifies five priority populations of young people who are at high…

Wyckoff, Laura; Cooney, Siobhan M.; Djakovic, Danijela Korom; McClanahan, Wendy S.

2008-01-01

394

Avoiding shame: young LGBT people, homophobia and self?destructive behaviours  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on findings from qualitative research conducted in the UK that sought to explore the connections between sexual identities and self?destructive behaviours in young people. International evidence demonstrates that there are elevated rates of suicide and alcohol abuse amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth. Rarely included in this body of research are investigations into young LGBT

Elizabeth McDermott; Katrina Roen; Jonathan Scourfield

2008-01-01

395

Young People and Newspapers: An Exploratory Study. Introduction, Overview and Summary of Conclusions. Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although newspaper reading has declined for the entire population in recent years, the decline has been particularly precipitous among young adults approximately 18 to 24 years old. This first part of a two-part report discusses an investigation dealing with young people and newspapers, which involved collecting data on reading habits,…

Yankelovich, Skelly and White, Inc., New York, NY.

396

The Impact of School-Based Counselling on Young People's Capacity to Study and Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how school-based counselling might impact young people's capacity to study and learn. Previous research has indicated that counselling in schools has an indirect positive impact on academic achievement. A mixed methods approach, using a semi-structured qualitative interview and a brief rating scale, was employed with 21 young

Rupani, Pooja; Haughey, Nuala; Cooper, Mick

2012-01-01

397

New Developments in the Education and Professional Activity of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The younger generation of Russians is entering adult life at a time in which the information society is being formed, where education, knowledge, and the possession of information are coming to be key resources to ensure success. As previous studies have shown, most young people place a high value on getting a good education. Young Russians also…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2010-01-01

398

School Memories of Young People with Disabilities: An Analysis of Barriers and Aids to Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a selection of the results gleaned from research analyzing the way social exclusion processes are constructed among young adults between the ages of 18 and 25. The paper focuses on a subset of the population studied: young people with disabilities. Likewise, we limit our study to the dimension of school-related experiences.…

Diez, Anabel Morina

2010-01-01

399

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprising the sixth volume of a series, this document contains short biographies written for the young reader aged 9 and older. The series covers individuals who are of particular interest to young people: entertainers, athletes, authors, cartoonists, and political leaders. Each issue contains 10 to 12 entries that include photographs and…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

1997-01-01

400

Young People in Transition--The Local Investment. A Handbook Concerning the Social and Vocational Integration of Young People: Local and Regional Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for practitioners rather than policymakers, this document is intended for those who seek to relate educational and training opportunities to local and individual needs; use fresh approaches to integrated services for young people trapped by unemployment, social and economic change, and poor living conditions; and achieve high quality…

Harrison, Jeremy; McLeish, Henry

401

Young People's Attitudes Toward Living in a Lesbian Family  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present investigation explored the factors associated with the diversity of children's attitudes toward growing up with their mother in a lesbian-led family after the end of their mother and father's relationship. Twenty-five young adults from lesbian families and a comparison group of 21 young adults raised by single heterosexual mothers first participated in the study in 1976-77, and again

Fiona Tasker; Susan Golombok

1998-01-01

402

Young people's contraception and sexual health: Report of a local needs assessment in Staveley, North Derbyshire  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project assessed the contraception and sexual health needs of people aged under 25 years in the small town of Staveley, UK, and sought to determine how the community family planning service could best meet these needs. One hundred and seventeen young people and 17 local professionals took part. The preferred ideal was found to be a holistic youth service

Amanda Smith

2001-01-01

403

The Process of Perceiving Stigmatization: Perspectives from Taiwanese Young People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a dearth of studies about the causes of stigmatization in people with intellectual disability. This study is aimed at gaining an understanding of how feelings of stigmatization are formed and perceived among young people with intellectual disability in Taiwanese cultural and social contexts. Materials and Methods: Fourteen…

Chen, Chih-Hsuan; Shu, Bih-Ching

2012-01-01

404

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1992-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents biographical profiles of people of interest to young readers. The concept is unique in that the subjects profiled are not necessarily people of great or lasting stature. Many are noted writers or public figures who have made important contributions to the current world, but a goodly number of entries are biographies of…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

1992-01-01

405

Using Solution-Focused Approaches in Motivational Interviewing with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the theory and practice of using the solution-focused approach of motivational interviewing (MI) with young people. MI is based on the premise that people are not always at a stage of readiness to change behaviours, such as smoking, drinking or drug use, which are perceived by others to be problematic. The article explores…

Atkinson, Cathy; Amesu, Mawuli

2007-01-01

406

Avoiding shame: young LGBT people, homophobia and self-destructive behaviours.  

PubMed

This paper reports on findings from qualitative research conducted in the UK that sought to explore the connections between sexual identities and self-destructive behaviours in young people. International evidence demonstrates that there are elevated rates of suicide and alcohol abuse amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth. Rarely included in this body of research are investigations into young LGBT people's views and experiences of self-destructive behaviours. Data from interviews and focus groups with young LGBT participants suggest a strong link between homophobia and self-destructive behaviours. Utilising a discourse analytic approach, we argue that homophobia works to punish at a deep individual level and requires young LGBT people to manage being positioned, because of their sexual desire or gendered ways of being, as abnormal, dirty and disgusting. At the centre of the complex and multiple ways in which young LGBT people negotiate homophobia are 'modalities of shame-avoidance' such as: the routinization and minimizing of homophobia; maintaining individual 'adult' responsibility; and constructing 'proud' identities. The paper argues that these strategies of shame-avoidance suggest young LGBT people manage homophobia individually, without expectation of support and, as such, may make them vulnerable to self-destructive behaviours. PMID:18975229

McDermott, Elizabeth; Roen, Katrina; Scourfield, Jonathan

2008-11-01

407

[Impact of internet on poisoning with psychoactive substances in young people].  

PubMed

These days young people use internet as a source of information. Internet offers knowledge that can be used not only for school education but also to obtain information about usage and effects of psychoactive substances. Recent research shows that young people more often use internet websites and chat rooms to exchange knowledge and experience with chemicals and everyday products used as intoxicants, for example: nutmeg, nonprescription medications, metal cleaning liquid or feminine hygiene products. This article shows the extend of knowledge young people can gain from popular internet websites. Information on the web is presented as appealing, attractive and encouraging. From a toxicologist point of view it is extremely important to be familiar with those new threats because more and more often we have to treat young patients with a serious poisoning from usage of experimental intoxicating substances. PMID:23243952

Radoniewicz-Chagowska, Anna; Tchórz, Micha?; Kujawa, Anna; Szponar, Jaros?aw; Drelich, Grzegorz

2012-01-01

408

Young People with Cancer: A Handbook for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book presents information for parents of children and young adults with cancer. The first section outlines aspects of the disease itself and considers characteristics of leukemia and solid tumors. Hospitalization and such treatments as chemotherapy and radiation are considered. Common health issues (including diet, dental care, bleeding, and…

National Cancer Inst. (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

409

Do People Whose Names Begin with "D" Really Die Young?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been reported that professional baseball players whose first names begin with the letter "D" tend to die relatively young (E. L. Abel & M. L. Kruger, 2010). However, the statistical evidence for this claim is based on selective data and a statistical test that ignores important confounding influences. A valid test applied to more…

Smith, Gary

2012-01-01

410

Cannabis use and mental health in young people: cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine whether cannabis use in adolescence predisposes to higher rates of depression and anxiety in young adulthood. Design Seven wave cohort study over six years. Setting 44 schools in the Australian state of Victoria. Participants A statewide secondary school sample of 1601 students aged 14›15 followed for seven years. Main outcome measure Interview measure of depression and anxiety

George C Patton; Carolyn Coffey; John B Carlin; Louisa Degenhardt; Michael Lynskey; Wayne Hall

2002-01-01

411

Young People and Newspapers: An Exploratory Study. Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second part of a two-part report is based on preliminary findings of an investigation into the recent decline in newspaper reading among young adults approximately 18 to 24 years old. It presents more then 50 hypotheses for the decline, derived from the findings of the investigation, documents them with verbatim quotes from members of the…

Yankelovich, Skelly and White, Inc., New York, NY.

412

Mixing It up: Bringing Young People's Digital Creativity to Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Remix is the practice of recombining music, sound, images, and words from sources such as film, television, video, online games, advertising, and novels into new kinds of creative blends. It is a process of re-assembling, recontextualizing, and creating new meanings, and a practice at which young, media-savvy creators excel. Increasingly, youth…

Burwell, Catherine

2012-01-01

413

Status, Age, and Gender: Perceptions of Old and Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A factional survey analysis of 198 older adults found that the old and the young are apparently accorded less status or prestige than persons in midlife. Gender differences were smaller and status ratings less extreme than those made by earlier samples of university students. Status ratings were unaffected by respondents' age, sex, marital status,…

Graham, Ian D.; Baker, Paul M.

1989-01-01

414

What Provokes Young People to Get into Trouble: Singapore Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors address correctional education and juvenile delinquency. The authors examined the case files of 54 juvenile offenders incarcerated in the Kaki Bukit Center Prison School in Singapore to analyze the antecedents that provoked these young offenders to commit the offenses. The juveniles reported that peer influence and…

Tam, Kai Yung; Heng, Mary Anne; Bullock, Lyndal M.

2007-01-01

415

Secular trends in under-reporting in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

National survey data show that reported energy intake has decreased in recent decades despite a rise in the prevalence of obesity. This disparity may be due to a secular increase in under-reporting or a quantitatively greater decrease in energy expenditure. This study examines the extent of under-reporting of energy intake in the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) in young

K. L. Rennie; S. A. Jebb; A. Wright; W. A. Coward

2005-01-01

416

WeCan2: Exploring the Implications of Young People with Learning Disabilities Engaging in Their Own Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of children and young people as researchers has started to gather momentum in response to changing perspectives on their status in society, recognition of their role as consumers and increased attention to children and young people's rights. There are early signs of a growing body of research studies undertaken by children and young

Kellett, Mary

2010-01-01

417

An exploratory study of the relationship between parental attitudes and behaviour and young people's consumption of alcohol  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Concern is growing regarding frequent and excessive misuse of alcohol by young people. The average age at which young people in Europe start to drink is twelve and a half, and during the last decade, the quantity of alcohol consumed by younger adolescents in the UK has increased. Families are known to play an important role in shaping young

Graham F Moore; Heather Rothwell; Jeremy Segrott

2010-01-01

418

Homelessness in Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper takes a theoretical and practical approach in defining the "problem" of homelessness in libraries. The author examines three fundamental problems on homelessness. The three fundamental questions are: (a) Who are the homeless? (b) Why are they homeless? (c) What are their information needs in libraries? These questions are important in…

Wong, Yi Ling

2009-01-01

419

[Healthcare institutions for the homeless].  

PubMed

Samusocial is an organisation which provides emergency and longer-term medical respite beds in Paris. They offer, for a duration ranging from a few days to a few years, shelter for homeless people requiring medical care but which no longer merits hospitalisation. The nursing role consists in supporting as part of a multi-professional team these people whose self-esteem and body image have been damaged, to help them construct their life project. PMID:24881236

Pain, Marielle; Kusuamina, Laëticia; Kusuamina, Laëticia

2014-04-01

420

Love, lifestyles and the risk of AIDS: The moral worlds of young people in Bobo?Dioulasso, Burkina Faso  

Microsoft Academic Search

The HIV epidemic has had a profound impact on people's everyday life in most African societies. A large proportion of all new HIV infections involves young people between 15 and 25 years. The objective of this paper is to explore local moral worlds of young people in Bobo?Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, and discuss how the HIVS epidemic affects their reflections on

Helle Samuelsen

2006-01-01

421

Using Literature for Young People to Teach about Human Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using literature in the social studies classroom is a useful pedagogy that is particularly well-suited in human rights education. Literature can give voice to people who cannot speak for themselves and gives students an opportunity to consider perspectives that are often foreign to them. When used with delicacy and care, these literary…

Sheffield, Caroline C.; Cruz, Barbara C.

2012-01-01

422

"Invention within Limits": Numeracy Practices of Young Unemployed People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussions of numeracy practices with unemployed people ages 14-26 indicated that their problems with literacy and numeracy, especially in job seeking and money management, were not recognized. The complex, socially constructed functions of numeracy in their lives should be taken into account in policy and practice. (SK)

Baynham, Mike; Johnston, Betty

1998-01-01

423

Community factors shaping HIV-related stigma among young people in three African countries  

PubMed Central

Despite the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS that exists in many sub-Saharan African countries, very little is known of the prevalence and context of HIV-related stigma in these settings. This paper seeks to understand the community-level factors associated with HIV-related stigma among young people in three culturally contrasting African countries: Burkina Faso, Ghana and Zambia. Using nationally representative data on young people (15–24) from Burkina Faso, Ghana and Zambia, the analysis examines the economic, demographic and behavioral dimensions of community environments that shape HIV-related stigma among young people. The results demonstrate a clear influence of the community environment on shaping HIV-related stigma among young people. The elements of the community that were significantly associated with HIV-related stigma were the economic and behavioral aspects of the community environment, and there was no evidence of relationships between demographic patterns and HIV-related stigma. Behavioral change interventions must address HIV-related stigma in order to encourage behavior change, and must take into account the social, economic and cultural environments in which young people exist.

Stephenson, Rob

2009-01-01

424

Factors associated with suicide after parasuicide in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine factors associated with completed suicide in young parasuicide patients. DESIGN--Case-control study. SETTING--Regional poisoning treatment centre in a teaching general hospital. SUBJECTS--Patients who, between 1968 and 1985 when aged 15-24 years, were admitted to the regional poisoning treatment centre because of deliberate self poisoning or self injury. Cases (n = 62) consisted of those who by the end of

K Hawton; J Fagg; S Platt; M Hawkins

1993-01-01

425

Food in the family. Bringing young people back in  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes eating and beliefs about family meals in the qualitative interview narratives of 30 “at-risk” gang-involved young women in the San Francisco Bay Area. We begin our examination of consumption practices with a study of households and identify three major types—extended, single-parent and blended. Within these households, food purchasing and consumption activities are varied, and in many cases,

Geoffrey Hunt; Adam Fazio; Kathleen MacKenzie; Molly Moloney

2011-01-01

426

Predictors of substance abuse treatment participation among homeless adults.  

PubMed

The current study focuses on the relationships among a trauma history, a substance use history, chronic homelessness, and the mediating role of recent emotional distress in predicting drug treatment participation among adult homeless people. We explored the predictors of participation in substance abuse treatment because enrolling and retaining clients in substance abuse treatment programs is always a challenge particularly among homeless people. Participants were 853 homeless adults from Los Angeles, California. Using structural equation models, findings indicated that trauma history, substance use history and chronicity of homelessness were associated, and were significant predictors of greater recent emotional distress. The most notable result was that recent emotional distress predicted less participation in current substance abuse treatment (both formal and self-help) whereas a substance use history alone predicted significantly more participation in treatment. Implications concerning treatment engagement and difficulties in obtaining appropriate dual-diagnosis services for homeless mentally distressed individuals are discussed. PMID:24238716

Ibabe, Izaskun; Stein, Judith A; Nyamathi, Adeline; Bentler, Peter M

2014-03-01

427

Using Evidence-Based Programs to Support Children and Families Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article was originally published (November 2011) as a brief created on behalf of the Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children Coordinating Center, which is a partnership of The National Center on Family Homelessness, National Alliance to End Family Homelessness, and ZERO TO THREE. The article offers a definition of…

Siebel, Nancy L.; Bassuk, Ellen; Medeiros, Debra

2012-01-01

428

Responding to the needs of youth who are homeless: Calling for politicized trauma-informed intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trauma in the lives of youth who are homeless is a pervasive reality. In this article, a politicized understanding of trauma is taken up to explore the complex psychological, relational, and social\\/political challenges experienced by many young persons facing homelessness. Their needs are contrasted with the dominant framework for assessing and addressing homelessness among youth, which fails to adequately account

Suzanne McKenzie-Mohr; John Coates; Heather McLeod

429

Characteristics of Telephone Applicants to a Residential Rehabilitation Program for Homeless Veterans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gathered descriptive data on 163 telephone applicants to residential rehabilitation program for homeless veterans and compared data with general veteran and homeless populations. Found subjects to be young, educated group of homeless men with histories of relatively high, stable functioning and high rates of medical, substance abuse, psychiatric,…

Seidner, Andrea L.; And Others

1990-01-01

430

Including young people with disabilities: Assessment challenges in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a European context, facilitating the increased participation of marginalized groups within society has become a cornerstone\\u000a of social policy. In higher education in Ireland this has generally involved the targeting for support of individuals representing\\u000a groups traditionally excluded on the grounds of socio-economic status. More recently, people with disability have been included\\u000a in this consideration. This approach has tended

Joan Hanafin; Michael Shevlin; Mairin Kenny; Eileen Mc Neela

2007-01-01

431

Trust, autonomy and relationships: the help-seeking preferences of young people in secondary level schools in London (UK).  

PubMed

Help-seeking among young people is complicated, often determined vicariously by the ability of adults, family or professionals, to recognize, and respond to, their difficulties. We know very little about the complex concerns of teenage young people and how they impact on help-seeking preferences. We aimed to ascertain the help-seeking preferences for a range of mental health problems among adolescents attending schools in an inner-city area of London. In particular we sought to examine the relationship between such adolescents and their family doctor. Using a mixed methods approach we explored help-seeking attitudes of young people. Emotional and mental health problems are not seen by young people as the domain of General practitioners. Moreover, there is a worrying lack of confidence and trust placed in family doctor and other professionals by young people. Young people do not tend easily to trust adults to help them with emotional difficulties. PMID:20952053

Leavey, Gerard; Rothi, Despina; Paul, Rini

2011-08-01

432

Social functioning in young people at risk for schizophrenia  

PubMed Central

Deficits in social functioning are potential risk factors for schizophrenia. Social functioning was assessed in 55 individuals “at risk” for schizophrenia, 16 first episode patients with schizophrenia and 45 normal comparison subjects. The Social Adjustment Inventory for Children and Adolescents (SAICA) was administered to adolescents <18 and the Social Adjustment Scale (SAS-SR) to young adults >17. The at risk and first episode groups significantly differed from the normal subjects on measures of social functioning in the domains of peer, family, work and school relationships. Individuals at risk for schizophrenia have significant functional deficits which may be potential indicators of increased vulnerability for psychosis.

Ballon, Jacob S.; Kaur, Tejal; Marks, Iliana I.; Cadenhead, Kristin S.

2011-01-01

433

Evidence Map of Prevention and Treatment Interventions for Depression in Young People  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Depression in adolescents and young people is associated with reduced social, occupational, and interpersonal functioning, increases in suicide and self-harm behaviours, and problematic substance use. Age-appropriate, evidence-based treatments are required to provide optimal care. Methods. “Evidence mapping” methodology was used to quantify the nature and distribution of the extant high-quality research into the prevention and treatment of depression in young people across psychological, medical, and other treatment domains. Results. Prevention research is dominated by cognitive-behavioral- (CBT-) based interventions. Treatment studies predominantly consist of CBT and SSRI medication trials, with few trials of other psychological interventions or complementary/alternative treatments. Quality studies on relapse prevention and treatment for persistent depression are distinctly lacking. Conclusions. This map demonstrates opportunities for future research to address the numerous evidence gaps for interventions to prevent or treat depression in young people, which are of interest to clinical researchers, policy makers, and funding bodies.

Callahan, Patrick; Liu, Ping; Purcell, Rosemary; Parker, Alexandra G.; Hetrick, Sarah E.

2012-01-01

434

Caregivers, young people with complex needs, and multiple service providers: a study of triangulated relationships.  

PubMed

Five patterns of service provider-caregiver-adolescent interaction are discussed using qualitative interviews and file review data from 44 youth with complex needs who were clients of more than one psychosocial service (child welfare, mental health, addictions, juvenile justice, and special education). Findings show that young people and their families become triangulated with service providers, either engaging with, or resisting, interventions. For young people with complex needs involved with multiple service providers, both positive and negative patterns of interaction contribute to the complexity of caregiver-child interactions. According to young people themselves, the most functional of these patterns, empowerment, was experienced as protective when it helped them to meet their personal needs and enhance communication. In contrast, four problematic patterns produced triangulations described as conflictual or unsupportive. The implications of these patterns for family therapy are discussed with an emphasis on the therapist as both clinician and advocate for better services from multiple providers. PMID:22690860

Ungar, Michael; Liebenberg, Linda; Landry, Nicole; Ikeda, Janice

2012-06-01

435

How they got it and how they wanted it: marginalised young people's perspective on their experiences of sexual health education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people in Australia are at greatest risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections, and priority actions are necessary for this population group. This study of marginalised and at-risk young people in out-of-school environments was conducted in Western Australia with the aim of obtaining young people's perceptions about their experience of sexual health education and preferred means of gaining sexual health

Graham Brown; Anne Sorenson; Janina Hildebrand

2011-01-01

436

Young people’s use and views of a school-based sexual health drop-in service in areas of high deprivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe patterns and reasons of attendance and young people’s views of the drop-in service.Design: Analysis of a prospective database, questionnaire survey and qualitative interviews and discussions.Setting: Sexual health drop-in clinics in 16 secondary schools (including three pupil-referral units) in deprived areas of a city in South West EnglandMethods: Nurse-completed consultations with young people; self-report questionnaires distributed by youth

Jenny Ingram; Debra Salmon

2010-01-01

437

Protecting young people from junk food advertising: implications of psychological research for First Amendment law.  

PubMed

In the United States, one third of children and adolescents are overweight or obese, yet food and beverage companies continue to target them with advertising for products that contribute to this obesity crisis. When government restrictions on such advertising are proposed, the constitutional commercial speech doctrine is often invoked as a barrier to action. We explore incongruities between the legal justifications for the commercial speech doctrine and the psychological research on how food advertising affects young people. A proper interpretation of the First Amendment should leave room for regulations to protect young people from advertising featuring calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods and beverages. PMID:22390435

Harris, Jennifer L; Graff, Samantha K

2012-02-01

438

Protecting Young People From Junk Food Advertising: Implications of Psychological Research for First Amendment Law  

PubMed Central

In the United States, one third of children and adolescents are overweight or obese, yet food and beverage companies continue to target them with advertising for products that contribute to this obesity crisis. When government restrictions on such advertising are proposed, the constitutional commercial speech doctrine is often invoked as a barrier to action. We explore incongruities between the legal justifications for the commercial speech doctrine and the psychological research on how food advertising affects young people. A proper interpretation of the First Amendment should leave room for regulations to protect young people from advertising featuring calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods and beverages.

Harris, Jennifer L.; Graff, Samantha K.

2012-01-01

439

Cannabis use and mental health in young people: cohort study  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine whether cannabis use in adolescence predisposes to higher rates of depression and anxiety in young adulthood. Design Seven wave cohort study over six years. Setting 44 schools in the Australian state of Victoria. Participants A statewide secondary school sample of 1601 students aged 14-15 followed for seven years. Main outcome measure Interview measure of depression and anxiety (revised clinical interview schedule) at wave 7. Results Some 60% of participants had used cannabis by the age of 20; 7% were daily users at that point. Daily use in young women was associated with an over fivefold increase in the odds of reporting a state of depression and anxiety after adjustment for intercurrent use of other substances (odds ratio 5.6, 95% confidence interval 2.6 to 12). Weekly or more frequent cannabis use in teenagers predicted an approximately twofold increase in risk for later depression and anxiety (1.9, 1.1 to 3.3) after adjustment for potential baseline confounders. In contrast, depression and anxiety in teenagers predicted neither later weekly nor daily cannabis use. Conclusions Frequent cannabis use in teenage girls predicts later depression and anxiety, with daily users carrying the highest risk. Given recent increasing levels of cannabis use, measures to reduce frequent and heavy recreational use seem warranted. What is already known on this topicFrequent recreational use of cannabis has been linked to high rates of depression and anxiety in cross sectional surveys and studies of long term usersWhy cannabis users have higher rates of depression and anxiety is uncertainPrevious longitudinal studies of cannabis use in youth have not analysed associations with frequent cannabis useWhat this study addsA strong association between daily use of cannabis and depression and anxiety in young women persists after adjustment for intercurrent use of other substancesFrequent cannabis use in teenage girls predicts later higher rates of depression and anxietyDepression and anxiety in teenagers do not predict later cannabis use; self medication is therefore unlikely to be the reason for the association

Patton, George C; Coffey, Carolyn; Carlin, John B; Degenhardt, Louisa; Lynskey, Michael; Hall, Wayne

2002-01-01

440

Accessibility of audio and tactile interfaces for young blind people performing everyday tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, computers are becoming tools of communication, information exploring and studying for young people, regardless\\u000a of their abilities. Scientists have been building knowledge on how blind people can substitute hearing or touch for sight\\u000a or how the combination of senses, i.e., multimodalities, can provide the user with an effective way of exploiting the power\\u000a of computers. Evaluation of such multimodal

Yayoi ShimomuraEbba; Ebba Thora Hvannberg; Hjálmtyr Hafsteinsson

2010-01-01

441

Predicting Overt and Covert Antisocial Behaviors: Parents, Peers, and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parental deviance, parental monitoring, and deviant peers were examined as predictors of overt and covert antisocial behaviors. Homeless (N=231) and housed (N=143) adolescents were assessed in adolescence and again in early adulthood. Homelessness predicted both types of antisocial behaviors, and effects persisted in young adulthood. Parental…

Tompsett, Carolyn J.; Toro, Paul A.

2010-01-01

442

Becoming homeless, being homeless, and resolving homelessness among women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this investigation was to more comprehensively articulate the experiences of homeless women and make evidence-based inferences regarding optimal social services. This study was conducted using qualitative meta-synthesis methods. As youth, homeless women experience challenging circumstances that leave them ill-prepared to prevent and resolve homelessness in adulthood. Resolution of homelessness occurs in iterative stages: crisis, assessment, and sustained action. To enhance forward progression through these stages, nurses are encouraged to promote empowerment in concordance with the Transtheoretical and Harm Reduction Models. Services that are highly valued include physical and mental health care and child care assistance. PMID:20521916

Finfgeld-Connett, Deborah

2010-07-01

443

Comprehensive Substance Abuse Services for Homeless Persons with Alcohol and Other Drug Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless people with alcohol and other drug problems present the traditional substance abuse services delivery provider with special challenges. This paper discusses the optimal designs of comprehensive treatment services for homeless persons with alcohol and other drug problems. Most importantly, the homeless must have immediate access to a safe…

Kirby, Michael W., Jr.; Braucht, G. Nicholas

444

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Strategic Action Plan on Homelessness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Each year, approximately one percent of the U.S. population, some 2-3 million individuals, experiences a night of homelessness that puts them in contact with a homeless assistance provider, and at least 800,000 people are homeless in the United States on ...

2007-01-01

445

Community Influences on Young People's Sexual Behavior in 3 African Countries  

PubMed Central

Objectives. I examined the role of community-level factors in the reporting of risky sexual behaviors among young people aged 15 to 24 years in 3 African countries with varying HIV prevalence rates. Methods. I analyzed demographic and health survey data from Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Zambia during the period 2001 through 2003 to identify individual, household, and community factors associated with reports of risky sexual behaviors. Results. The mechanisms through which the community environment shaped sexual behaviors varied among young men and young women. Community demographic profiles were not associated with reports of risky sexual behavior among young women but were influential in shaping the behavior of young men. Prevailing economic conditions and the behaviors and attitudes of adults in the community were strong influences on young people's sexual behaviors. Conclusions. These results provide strong support for a focus on community-level influences as an intervention point for behavioral change. Such interventions, however, should recognize specific cultural settings and the different pathways through which the community can shape the sexual behaviors of young men and women.

2009-01-01

446

Homelessness: A Common Vocabulary Could Help Agencies Collaborate and Collect More Consistent Data. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-10-702  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple federal programs provide homelessness assistance through programs targeted to those experiencing homelessness or through mainstream programs that broadly assist low-income populations. Programs' definitions of homelessness range from including primarily people in homeless shelters or on the street to also including those living with…

Cackley, Alicia Puente

2010-01-01

447

Are “Traditional” Sex Differences Less Conspicuous in Young Cannabis Users Than in Other Young People?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research has revealed conspicuously few distinctions between young males and females who use cannabis. Such findings may reflect the general slackening of the sex-rolepattern in the younger generations. Alternatively, they may reflect distinctive characteristics of the cannabis culture. Using data from a nationwide representative sample (n=1,478) of young Norwegians (21–24 years old), this study explores whether “traditional” sex differences

Hilde Pape; Torild Hammer; Per Vaglum

1994-01-01

448

Young People’s Development of the Community-Minded Self  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter considers a young person’s perceptions of and experiences in the residential community and how these might contribute\\u000a to the maturation of a community-minded self. The discussion is guided by an integration of perspectives from social, environmental,\\u000a developmental and community psychology. The discussion of social identity and self-categorization theories suggests how place identity, an environmental psychology concept, becomes a

Grace M. H. Pretty

449

Determining the Need for Vocational Counselling among Different Target Groups of Young People under 28 Years of Age in the European Community. Low-Skilled Young People--Italy. National Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the vocational guidance needs of low-skilled young people in Italy. Research studies on the topics of guidance as a process of transmission, processing, and acquisition of knowledge and skills and the situation and life circumstances of young people were reviewed. The role of guidance within a framework of lifelong education and…

Meghnagi, Saul

450

Understanding suicidal behaviour in young people referred to specialist CAMHS: a qualitative psychoanalytic clinical research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

A qualitative psychoanalytic clinical research project using a post-Kleinian contemporary approach was undertaken by a team of seven qualified and experienced child psychotherapists working in community Tier 3 Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). A number of referred young people who deliberately harmed themselves or attempted suicide, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria and consented to participate, were offered an

Jan Anderson; Margaret Hurst; Ana Marques; David Millar; Sue Moya; Lesley Pover; Sue Stewart

2012-01-01

451

Factors that Impact Resuscitation Preferences for Young People with Severe Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed to evaluate resuscitation decisions and factors that impact these choices for young people with severe developmental disabilities residing in a skilled nursing facility. Decision-makers were provided with information to clarify resuscitation preferences. Parents/guardians of 30 of the 67 residents…

Friedman, Sandra; Gilmore, Dana

2007-01-01

452

Environmental Education Materials for Teachers and Young People (Grades K-12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated list of educational materials on environmental issues includes a wide range from workbooks and lesson plans to newsletters, films and software intended for young people. Educational materials are listed alphabetically following the name of the sponsoring agency or group. A separate list includes materials available from the U.S.…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

453

Coaching sport to develop personal strengths in young people: perspectives from positive psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary research emphasises that sport and physical activity can play a powerful role in helping young people to optimise their development. Indeed, this is one of the most enduring legacies that sport advocates wish to claim for engagement. However, it is unwise to assume that exposure to these activities is universally positive, and drop-out (as distinct from transfer) and long-term

Jim McKenna

2010-01-01

454

Trends in Leisure Time Physical Activity among Young People in Finland, 1977-2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The decline in physical activity among young people has been discussed in the media during recent decades, although the scientific evidence for this has been scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate trends over 30 years in leisure time physical activity of Finnish boys and girls aged 12, 14, 16 and 18 years from 1977 to 2007. The data were…

Laakso, Lauri; Telama, Risto; Nupponen, Heimo; Rimpela, Arja; Pere, Lasse

2008-01-01

455

The Relationship of Computer Games and Reported Anger in Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Playing computer games is a routine activity for most young people today. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of time spent playing computer games, the violence of the game, and self-reported anger of students in North Cyprus. Four hundred participants between the ages of 15-18 completed the State-Trait Anger and the Anger…

Demirok, Mukaddes; Ozdamli, Fezile; Hursen, Cigdem; Ozcinar, Zehra; Kutguner, Muge; Uzunboylu, Huseyin

2012-01-01

456

The Risk Group: Education and Training Policies for Disadvantaged Young People in Sweden and Denmark.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sweden and Denmark are becoming aware that the "at risk" group of unemployed young people present a double-edged risk in that they are economically and socially disadvantaged and constitute a risk for society at large. Sweden and Denmark differ in their responses to the problem. (BRR)

Plunkett, Dudley

1982-01-01

457

Children and Young People with Harmful Sexual Behaviours: First Analysis of Data from a Scottish Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite a growing awareness and acknowledgement of the incidence of sexually harmful behaviour by children and young people, research on this group remains limited. A number of recent publications have reviewed UK systems and practice and suggest that the issue is better appreciated than a decade ago. To date, however, there is no published…

Hutton, Linda; Whyte, Bill

2006-01-01

458

Our Neighbor Republics: A Selected List of Readable Books for Young People. Bulletin, 1942, No. 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Library Service Division of the U. S. Office of Education has prepared a series of bibliographies designed for use in furthering a better understanding of our neighbor republics. The first bibliography appeared in multigraphed form in February 1942 under the title "Our Neighbor Republics; a selected list of readable books for young people."…

Beust, Nora E.

1942-01-01

459

Young People's Aggressive Behavior in the Context of the Social Situation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aggressive behavior by young people is one of the most urgent social problems. Rising violent crime among adolescents is being observed over the entire post-Soviet space. Scientists have singled out a number of groups of factors causing an individual to engage in aggressive behavior--biological, genetic, and individual psychological…

Drozdov, A. Iu.

2005-01-01

460

Factors Associated with Young People's Successful Resolution of Distressing Electronic Harassment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic harassment is a pervasive phenomenon among young people, however relatively little is known about actions that targets of harassment may undertake to manage such abuse, and whether particular actions and personal characteristics are associated with successful resolution of such harassment. This mixed methods research identified whether…

Fenaughty, John; Harre, Niki

2013-01-01

461

Reclaiming the Disengaged? A Bourdieuian Analysis of Work-Based Learning for Young People in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses Bourdieu's concept of field to analyse findings from an ethnographic study of Entry to Employment (E2E) programmes in England. Entry to Employment is a work-based learning programme which aims to re-engage young people with "barriers to learning" inhibiting access to further education, training or employment. The paper examines…

Thompson, Ron

2011-01-01

462

Knowledge about infertility risk factors, fertility myths and illusory benefits of healthy habits in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Previous research has highlighted a lack of fertility awareness in the general population especially in relation to the optimal fertile period during the menstrual cycle, incidence of infertility and duration of the repro- ductive life span. The current study assessed fertility knowledge more broadly in young people and investigated three areas of knowledge, namely risk factors associated with female

Laura Bunting; Jacky Boivin

2008-01-01

463

The Effects of the School Environment on Young People's Attitudes towards Education and Learning. Summary Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes research to demonstrate the difference that Building Schools for the Future (BSF) schools are making to young people's attitudes towards education and learning, as measured by their levels of engagement and enthusiasm for school. The key research objective was further broken down into a number of research questions: (1)…

Rudd, Peter; Reed, Frances; Smith, Paula

2008-01-01

464

Reflections on Practical Approaches to Involving Children and Young People in the Data Analysis Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reflects on key methodological issues emerging from children and young people's involvement in data analysis processes. We outline a pragmatic framework illustrating different approaches to engaging children, using two case studies of children's experiences of participating in data analysis. The article highlights methods of…

Coad, Jane; Evans, Ruth

2008-01-01

465

Changing Youth? Continuities and Ruptures in Transitions into Adulthood among Catalan Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The globalisation process has an impact at the micro-level on life-course patterns: concretely, the trajectories of young people into adulthood are being sharply modified. At a European level, the extension, de-linearisation, reversibility and diversification of youth trajectories have been identified as major changes. However, the extent to which…

Serracant, Pau

2012-01-01

466

Imagining a Different Life in School: Educating Student Teachers about "Looked After" Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research described in this paper concerns the acquaintance of student teachers with the educational and wider pastoral experiences of children and young people who are or have been "looked after" and who they may well teach at some point, together with the familiarisation of student teachers with the "looked after" system in the UK. We discuss…

Walker-Gleaves, Alan; Walker, Caroline

2008-01-01

467

Anxiety problems in young people with autism spectrum disorder: A case series  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now well established that the prevalence of mental health difficulties in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is considerably higher than in the general population. With recent estimates of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders being as high as one percent, increasing numbers of children and young people are presenting to local and specialist services with mental health

Ann Ozsivadjian; Fiona Knott

2011-01-01

468

Keeping Young People in School: Community Programs That Work. Juvenile Justice Bulletin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A 1992 study by the National Center for Education Statistics found that 3.4 million young people between the ages of 16 and 24 dropped out of school before earning a high school diploma. What leads to such a sobering statistic. The answer is complex. Many...

S. Cantelon D. LeBoeuf

1997-01-01

469

What's Going on with Young People Today? The Long and Twisting Path to Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Richard Settersten and Barbara Ray examine the lengthening transition to adulthood over the past several decades, as well as the challenges the new schedule poses for young people, families, and society. The authors begin with a brief history of becoming an adult, noting that the schedule that youth follow to arrive at adulthood changes to meet…

Settersten, Richard A., Jr.; Ray, Barbara

2010-01-01

470

Reviewing the Literature on "At-Risk" and Resilient Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review paper provides pre-service and in-service teachers, principals and other educational professionals with the information needed to understand the concept of resilience to affect positive development in children and young people in their care. It reviews and critiques the most influential literature on resiliency over the last four…

Hanewald, Ria

2011-01-01

471

Policy Review: But Will They Vote? The Political Attitudes of Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that young people are increasingly disaffected with political parties and voting, more concerned with single issues of environmentalism or unemployment. Identifies trends: (1) increasing sense of discontent with institutions; (2) frustrations in reaching ambitions; and (3) disconnection from core institutions. Proposes remedies including…

Wilkinson, Helen

1996-01-01

472

Case Series: Transformation Obsession in Young People with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a previously unreported symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The young people reported describe a fear of turning into someone or something else or taking on unwanted characteristics. We have called this transformation obsession. The bizarre nature of this obsession had led to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatments in…

Volz, Chloe; Heyman, Isobel

2007-01-01

473

Middle Schools Preparing Young People for 21st Century Life and Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes how middle schools can prepare young people for the challenges and opportunities of the 21st century. Integrating 21st century skills deliberately and systematically into middle school education will empower educators to accomplish many of the elusive goals they have tried to reach for years. Twenty-first…

Kay, Ken

2009-01-01

474

Troubling Transitions? Young People's Experiences of Growing up in Poverty in Rural Andhra Pradesh, India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Global policy attention has begun to focus on young people in developing countries and much of the discourse is framed around notions of "transition to adulthood" based on the idea that individuals develop in linear ways, separate from family and community. This idea has already been widely critiqued in western contexts. This article explores the…

Morrow, Virginia

2013-01-01

475

When and Why Do Young People in the United Kingdom First Use Sexual Health Services?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nicole Stone is a research fellow, and Roger Ingham is direc- tor, both at the Centre for Sexual Health Re- search, University of Southampton, High- field, Southampton, United Kingdom. CONTEXT: Many young people think about and take steps to obtain adequate protection only after having sexual in- tercourse for the first time. Consequently, they are at increased risk of unintended

Nicole Stone; Roger Ingham

2003-01-01

476

IDENTIFYING FUTURE RESEARCH NEEDS FOR THE PROMOTION OF YOUNG PEOPLE'S SEXUAL HEALTH IN NEW ZEALAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing focus on the sexual health status of New Zealand youth has followed in the wake of somewhat alarming statistics on abortion rates, sexually transmitted infections and teenage pregnancy. The call for further New Zealand research to guide policy and practices to improve the sexual health status of young people, as stipulated in the Sexual and Reproductive Health Strategy

Sue Jackson

2004-01-01

477

"Education Is Important, but..." Young People outside of Schooling and the Finnish Policy of "Education Guarantee"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Early school leaving and dropout are widely recognized as problems, leading to further marginalization and exclusion of young people from society at large. The Finnish government has set a target that, by the year 2008, 96% of those who complete compulsory education will continue without interruption in secondary education or in the…

Ahola, Sakari; Kivela, Suvi

2007-01-01

478

How Young People Respond to Learning Spaces outside School: A Sociocultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on educational enterprises outside the formal sector, such as museums, botanical gardens and interactive science centres. International research is drawn on to illuminate how design, culture, educational strategies and settings combine to affect the way in which young people respond to experiences on offer, leading to analysis…

Peacock, Alan; Pratt, Nick

2011-01-01

479

Meeting the Needs of Children and Young People with Speech, Language and Communication Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The UK government set up a review of provision for children and young people with the full range of speech, language and communication needs led by a Member of Parliament, John Bercow. A research study was commissioned to provide empirical evidence to inform the Bercow Review. Aims: To examine the efficiency and effectiveness of…

Lindsay, Geoff; Dockrell, Julie; Desforges, Martin; Law, James; Peacey, Nick

2010-01-01

480

An EPG Analysis of /t/ in Young People with Down's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have pointed to impaired speech intelligibility in young people with Down's syndrome (DS). Some have attributed these problems to delayed phonological development, while others have identified disordered speech patterns, which could be related to a dyspraxic element in their speech. This study uses electropalatography (EPG) to examine…

Timmins, Claire; Hardcastle, William J.; Wood, Sara; Cleland, Joanne

2011-01-01

481

HIV/AIDS Stigmatizing Attitudes among Young People in Swaziland: Individual and Environmental Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major shortcoming to the understanding and development of HIV/AIDS programs to mitigate social stigma is the paucity of research pertaining to how young people in sub-Saharan African countries perceive those infected with HIV, and how these stigmatizing attitudes are formed, projected and reinforced. The purpose of this study was to examine…

Buseh, Aaron G.; Park, Chang Gi; Stevens, Patricia E.; McElmurry, Beverly J.; Kelber, Sheryl T.

2006-01-01

482

Is Sexual Orientation Related to Mental Health Problems and Suicidality in Young People?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This study examines the extent to which gay, lesbian, and bisexual young people are at increased risk of psychiatric disorder and suicidal behaviors using data gathered on a New Zealand birth cohort studied to age 21 years. Methods: Data were gathered during the course of the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a 21-year longitudinal study of a birth cohort

David M. Fergusson; L. John Horwood; Annette L. Beautrais

1999-01-01

483

But It's Not All about the Sex: Mothering, Normalisation and Young Learning Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about mothering, young learning disabled people, their sexualised and relationship lives and normalisation--not through the lens of the disabled person, but via a mothers perspective and theoretical discussion. As a mother who has a learning disabled daughter, a feminist and an academic my own mothering experience, my Ph.D. research…

Rogers, Chrissie

2010-01-01

484

Designing research-based materials to promote safer sex amongst young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of relationships, sexual behaviour, condom use, termination rates and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases suggest that many young people require greater preparation if they are to minimise distress and health threats in their romantic and sexual relationships. Yet most safer sex promotion programmes have been found to be ineffective. Social cognitive theories have been found to reliably distinguish

C. Abraham; P. Sheeran; D. Wight

1998-01-01

485

Metaphors We Love By: Conceptualizations of Sex among Young People in Malawi  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how young people in Malawi conceptualize sex and sexual relations through an analysis of their personal narratives about these phenomena. Eleven focus group discussions were conducted with 114 youth aged 14-19 years. Participants were asked to describe behaviors, attitudes, and motivations to reduce unplanned pregnancies and the spread of HIV\\/AIDS, with appropriate probes to illuminate their sexual

Chi-Chi Undie; Joanna Crichton; Eliya Zulu

2007-01-01

486

Young People's Concerns about Sex: Unsolicited Questions to a Teenage Radio Talkback Programme over Three Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a novel qualitative study that identified the concerns of young people about sex through a talk-back segment from 2002 to 2004 on an Australian national radio popular music programme targeting 15-24 year olds. Two hundred and thirty-one unsolicited callers (150 female and 81 male) went to air over the study period, and 212…

Kang, Melissa; Quine, Susan

2007-01-01

487

Skin Infections in Young People (Aged 14-18 Years): An Integrative Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Skin infections are a major cause of preventable hospitalization, with young people being particularly susceptible. Community-associated methicillin-resistant "Staphylococcus aureus" (CA-MRSA) infection typically presents as skin infection. CA-MRSA infection rates have increased rapidly in the past decade. Exploration of literature…

Lambe, Catherine I.; Hoare, Karen J.

2014-01-01

488

New Literacies as Multiply Placed Practices: Expanding Perspectives on Young People's Literacies across Home and School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The home-school mismatch hypothesis has played an important part in sociocultural studies of literacy and schooling since the 1970s. In this paper, we explore how this now classic literacy thesis has developed a new life in studies of digital media and electronic communications with regards to young people and schools, what we call the new…

Bulfin, Scott; Koutsogiannis, Dimitris

2012-01-01

489

Whither the Enterprise Culture: An Examination of Young People's Job Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proceeding decade has seen much official effort expended on encouraging the growth of an ‘enterprise culture’. The present report considers the extent to which enterprise has come to be valued by young people today. Data on work values from the ESRC's 16?19 Initiative indicate that enterprise values are largely rejected in favour of the traditional attractions of good pay

Sheena Ashford; John Bynner

1991-01-01

490

Negotiating Identities: The Lives of Pakistani and Bangladeshi Young Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has generally amalgamated minority ethnic (all called "Asian" or "black") disabled young people's experiences and failed to acknowledge the multiple aspects of Asian and black disabled identities, for example how the combined attributes of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, culture, class and disability shape their perspectives and…

Islam, Zoebia

2008-01-01

491

Too Comfortable? Young People, Social Capital Development and the FHE Institutional Habitus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon a case-study of the students and teaching staff of an Advanced Vocational Certificate of Education (AVCE) in Travel and Tourism, this paper examines the effects of the institutional habitus of a Further and Higher Education (FHE) college upon the higher education choices of a group of ethnically-mixed, working-class young people. The…

Morrison, Andrew

2009-01-01

492

Sporting Clubs, Alcohol and Young People: Enduring Tensions and Emerging Possibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines data from a research project that investigated the cultural drivers of drinking in 14-24 year-old Australians, funded by Drinkwise Australia and the Department of Health and Ageing. At the same time that we were working on this project a moral panic about young people, risk and binge drinking had once more energised public…

Hickey, Christopher; Kelly, Peter; Cormack, Sue; Harrison, Lyn; Lindsay, Jo

2009-01-01

493

Spontaneous Imitation in the Social Interactions of Young People with Developmental Delay and Their Adult Carers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the presence of spontaneous imitation within the social interactions of young people with developmental delay and their adult carers. There have been only a handful of observational studies examining imitation in this population, despite the relevance of such work to contemporary theoretical debates about imitation and the…

O'Neill, Michelle B.; Zeedyk, M. Suzanne

2006-01-01

494

Optimists or pessimists? How do young people relate to environmental challenges?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people are growing up at a time when we have an increased awareness of the vulnerability of the natural world. We have realised how life on earth may suffer from the consequences of humans interfering with nature. Development of environmentally informed and active citizens is crucial for the future of our society and for the well-being of every individual.

Camilla Schreiner; Svein Sjøberg

495

Valuing Difference or Securing Compliance? Working to Involve Young People in Community Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent UK policy changes have generated renewed public and academic interest in the contexts and purposes for work with young people. Emphasis on youth inclusion and participation as components of policy discourse associated with citizenship and community cohesion contrasts with other more regulatory trends in youth policy, while moves towards…

Milbourne, Linda

2009-01-01

496

The Effect of Viscosity on the Breath–Swallow Pattern of Young People with Cerebral Palsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this observational pilot study, we investigated the effect of swallowing pudding and liquids of different viscosity on the breath–swallow pattern of young people with quadriparetic cerebral palsy (CP) and normal controls. A noninvasive acoustical technique was used to monitor breaths and swallows while the individuals were drinking thin and thick liquids and consuming pudding. The results showed that subjects

Gina Rempel; Zahra Moussavi

2005-01-01

497

Performance of job-related skill training for young people with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was based on the belief that young people with learning disabilities have difficulties acquiring sufficient employment because of lack of certain job-related social skills, including attendance. Deficits in social skills inherent to employment situations contribute to problems of job stability and interfere with the individual's ability to adequately function on the job. Thus, for adolescents with disabilities who

Mary Tomblin; Kathryn A. Haring

2000-01-01

498

Young People and Alcohol, Drugs and Tobacco. WHO Regional Publications, European Series, No. 66.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

History shows that humankind has always had an appetite for psychoactive substances. Since young people are especially vulnerable to drug abuse, the etiology, epidemiology, and prevention literature on substance use by school-aged children are examined in this booklet. It gives information on, and examples of, preventive approaches and programs in…

Anderson, Kellie

499

Charismatic cops, patriarchs and a few good women: leadership, club culture and young peoples' drinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on key findings of a research project that examined the roles that community-based sporting clubs in the Australian state of Victoria play in shaping young people's understandings and uses of alcohol. Our research imagined clubs as community hubs that are located in complex networks that impact on the ways that clubs understand their locations in communities, and

Peter Kelly; Chris Hickey; Sue Cormack; Lyn Harrison; Jo Lindsay

2011-01-01

500

Imagining the Mathematician: Young People Talking about Popular Representations of Maths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper makes both a critical analysis of some popular cultural texts about mathematics and mathematicians, and explores the ways in which young people deploy the discourses produced in these texts. We argue that there are particular (and sometimes contradictory) meanings and discourses about mathematics that circulate in popular culture, that…

Epstein, Debbie; Mendick, Heather; Moreau, Marie-Pierre

2010-01-01