These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Homeless Young People and Technology: Ordinary  

E-print Network

consequences for the U.S. By one estimate, 3 million young people experience homelessness annu- ally; that is, about 1 percent of the U.S. population is both young and homeless at some point each year [1- munity of homeless young people in Seattle, Washington, allowing us to explore ordinary uses of digital

Anderson, Richard

2

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing  

E-print Network

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing Abstract How should ubiquitous access to information through computing be shaped to improve the lives of homeless young people? Drawing on social and material considerations of homeless young people and service agencies, uncovered

Anderson, Richard

3

Homeless Young People and Living with Personal Digital Artifacts  

E-print Network

Homeless Young People and Living with Personal Digital Artifacts Jill Palzkill Woelfer and David G}@uw.edu ABSTRACT This paper reports on an investigation of how homeless young people hold themselves in relation the ordinary and extraordinary circumstances of homelessness. The paper concludes with a discussion

Anderson, Richard

4

Homeless Young People's Experiences with Information Systems: Life and Work  

E-print Network

,12,16]. For people and communities living under conditions of relative poverty or homelessness, what is it likeHomeless Young People's Experiences with Information Systems: Life and Work in a Community Seattle, WA 98195-2840 {woelfj, dhendry}@u.washington.edu ABSTRACT This paper explores how homeless young

Anderson, Richard

5

Young People, Drug Use and Family Conflict: Pathways into Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people who experience homelessness, in Australia and in other western contexts (US, Canada, England), are widely perceived to use and abuse alcohol and drugs. The available research indicates that homeless young people use all drug types, whether injected or otherwise, more frequently than their home-based peers. Debate exists in the…

Mallett, Shelley; Rosenthal, Doreen; Keys, Deborah

2005-01-01

6

The Role of Music in the Lives of Homeless Young People  

E-print Network

and social (psycho-social) aspects of homeless young people in Canada and the U.S. has found that these youngThe Role of Music in the Lives of Homeless Young People in Seattle WA and Vancouver BC Abstract I outline my proposed dissertation study of music in the lives of homeless young people. Participants

Anderson, Richard

7

Homeless Young People on Social Network Sites Jill Palzkill Woelfer and David G. Hendry  

E-print Network

Homeless Young People on Social Network Sites Jill Palzkill Woelfer and David G. Hendry This paper reports on the use of social network sites (MySpace and Facebook) by homeless young people, deeply human experiences that have become associated with social network sites. Author Keywords Homeless

Anderson, Richard

8

Value Considerations in an Information Ecology: Printed Materials, Service Providers and Homeless Young People  

E-print Network

Value Considerations in an Information Ecology: Printed Materials, Service Providers and Homeless ecology that has emerged to help homeless young people. We studied the information ecology of service agencies that assist homeless young people, age 13 to 25. We focused on printed materials used

Anderson, Richard

9

Improving the Safety of Homeless Young People with Mobile Phones: Values, Form and Function  

E-print Network

this proposition, 43 participants, from four stakeholder groups (homeless young people, service providers, police officers, and community members), were asked to consider how homeless young people could use mobile phones included value sketches, written value scenarios, and semi- structured discussion, led to specific design

Anderson, Richard

10

Sustaining dignity? Food insecurity in homeless young people in urban Australia.  

PubMed

Issue addressed Food insecurity is recognised as an increasing problem in disadvantaged and marginalised groups. The aim of this study was to investigate issues associated with food insecurity and nutrition in young people experiencing, or at risk of, homelessness in metropolitan Australia. Methods Eight focus group discussions were conducted with 48 young people (aged between 15 and 25 years) in specialist homelessness services in central and south-western Sydney. Results Participants described daily experiences of food insecurity, persistent hunger and poverty. Structural barriers to food security and nutrition were identified and included poverty and reduced physical access to fresh foods. Participants also described a desire to save time, for convenience and to be socially connected. Despite the hardships and the chaos of youth homelessness, the groups were defined by their strength of character, resilience and hope for the future. Conclusion Homeless young people within central and south-western Sydney report varying degrees of food insecurity, despite being supported by specialist youth homelessness services. So what? A collaborative, multistrategic approach with youth participation is required to further enhance the capacity of youth services to improve food security, food access and the availability of nutritious foods for homeless young people. A greater focus on advocacy and policy action is also required to bring food security and nutrition to the forefront of national efforts to improve the health and welfare of disadvantaged groups. PMID:25131381

Crawford, Belinda; Yamazaki, Rowena; Franke, Elise; Amanatidis, Sue; Ravulo, Jioji; Steinbeck, Kate; Ritchie, Jan; Torvaldsen, Siranda

2014-09-01

11

Designing ubiquitous information systems for a community of homeless young people: precaution and a way forward  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon and distinguishing themselves from domestic, public, work, and natural settings, homeless communities offer new\\u000a cultural frontiers into which ubiquitous computing could diffuse. We report on one such frontier, a community of homeless\\u000a young people, located in Seattle, WA, seeking both to foresee the consequences of pervasive access to digital media and communications\\u000a and to prepare for its seemingly

Jill Palzkill Woelfer; David G. Hendry

12

Homeless young people's experiences with information systems: life and work in a community technology center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how homeless young people, aged 13-25, make use of information systems in daily life. Observed in a community technology center, four different examples of uses are described: i) Using digital tools to find employment, ii) Telling stories with representations of the built world, iii) Portraying life on the street with video, and iv) Constructing online identities. From

Jill Palzkill Woelfer; David G. Hendry

2010-01-01

13

How to integrate digital media into a drop-in for homeless young people for deepening relationships between youth and adults  

E-print Network

How to integrate digital media into a drop-in for homeless young people for deepening relationships 2010 Keywords: Homeless youth Community drop-ins Digital media Curriculum design Life-skills training for homeless young people, aged 13­25. Motivated by the ordinariness of digital media and its importance

Anderson, Richard

14

Building Canada-U.S. Collaborations through Research with Homeless Young I am a PhD Candidate in Information Science at the Information School here  

E-print Network

are homeless each year in the U.S. and 50,000 ­ 60,000 young people experience homelessness annually in CanadaBuilding Canada-U.S. Collaborations through Research with Homeless Young People I am a Ph Facebook. Prior research with homeless young people Homelessness among young people, up to age 30

Anderson, Richard

15

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over 3 years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to fewer…

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

16

Violence within the lives of homeless people.  

E-print Network

??Narrative Literature Review Experience of victimisation and violence is prevalent within homeless people’s lives, and frequently begins in childhood through the experience of childhood abuse… (more)

Couldrey, Charlotte

2010-01-01

17

Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Adolescent homelessness has received increasing attention due to its fast growth throughout the United States and the poor mental outcomes experienced by homeless young people. This cross-sectional study (N = 156) identified correlates of depressive symptomatology among homeless young adults and investigated how depressive symptoms are influenced by the coping strategies these young adults employ. The findings are based on analysis of baseline data collected for a hepatitis vaccination intervention pilot study conducted in partnership with a young adult’s drop-in center in Santa Monica, California. Standardized tools assessed drug use history, coping ability, and psychiatric symptomatology. Linear regression modeling was used to identify correlates of depressive symptom severity. Poor perceived physical health, recent crack cocaine use and recent use of tranquilizers were significantly associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. Self-destructive escape, non-disclosure/avoidance, passive problem-solving and thoughts of harming self were also associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. PMID:21131507

Nyamathi, Adeline; Marfisee, Mary; Slagle, Alexandra; Greengold, Barbara; Liu, Yihang; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

18

Poor Parenting and Antisocial Behavior among Homeless Young Adults: Links to Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the association…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

19

Exploring the Lived Experiences of Homeless Families with Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study researched the experiences of homeless families with young children between the ages of four and eight. Many families experience homelessness every year; therefore, it is important for early childhood educators to have an understanding of how homelessness affects families with young children so that educators can effectively serve the…

Hinton, Stephanie; Cassel, Darlinda

2013-01-01

20

Crossing the Threshhold: Successful Learning Provision for Homeless People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide tells the story of a successful collaboration between The City Literary Institute and homelessness agencies to create an arts-based learning program for homeless people in central London. It identifies guidelines and good practice to stimulate similar work in other locations with problems of homelessness and rough sleeping. The guide is…

Cameron, Helen; McKaig, Wendy; Taylor, Sue

21

Improving access to health care for homeless people.  

PubMed

Homeless people have the poorest health outcomes in our society and the number of people who are homeless is increasing. This article explores the effect that homelessness has on health, provides details of organisations that offer services to the homeless population of London, and highlights the role of nurses in advocating for improved services for homeless patients. The need to understand and address inequalities in access to health care is also discussed. An example of the authors' practice is provided in the form of a case study. PMID:25294486

Lamb, Venetia; Joels, Claire

2014-10-01

22

Utilisation by homeless people of acute hospital services in London.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES--To estimate the numbers and distribution of homeless people in London; to quantify the utilisation of acute inpatient services by homeless people in two health authorities; and to predict the total numbers of admissions in homeless people in district health authorities across London. DESIGN--Data were collected from various sources on the distribution of homeless people across London boroughs. All unplanned acute inpatient admissions during November 1990 to relevant hospitals were identified. SETTING--Bloomsbury and Paddington and North Kensington, two former inner London district health authorities. SUBJECTS--Homeless people in London residing in bed and breakfast and private sector leased accommodation, residing in hostels, and of no fixed abode. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Number and cost of acute unplanned admissions in homeless people in two health authorities in November 1990; predicted number of such admissions each year in district health authorities in London. RESULTS--There were at least 60,000 homeless people in London in March 1990. The majority were housed in temporary accommodation (55,412). There were at least 3295 hostel dwellers and 651 people sleeping rough. Homeless people accounted for 105 (8%) of the 1256 acute unbooked admissions in residents of Bloomsbury and Paddington and North Kensington health authorities in November 1990. Considerable variations in the pattern of acute unplanned admissions in homeless people were observed in the two districts with respect to housing status and specialty of admission. The total number of acute unplanned admissions in homeless people across London each year was estimated at 7598, ranging from 38 in Bexley to 1515 in Parkside. CONCLUSIONS--The results have fundamental implications for resource allocation across London. Allocation must take better account of the heterogeneity, uneven distribution, and extra health needs of homeless people. PMID:1954419

Black, M E; Scheuer, M A; Victor, C; Benzeval, M; Gill, M; Judge, K

1991-01-01

23

Wellbeing for homeless people: a Salutogenic approach.  

PubMed

Homelessness affects considerable numbers in the UK and is caused by poverty and social exclusion. Much of the literature on housing and health is disease centric, where the experience of homelessness is described as traumatic, disempowering and socially isolating. Based on the Salutogenic approach, which calls for a positive orientation on health, the aim of this study was to explore the subjective lived experiences of wellbeing in the situated context of homeless people's lives. Nine in-depth qualitative interviews with temporarily housed adults (>25 years) in a socio-economically deprived region of North-west England were held. Accounts of renewed self-confidence, perceived resourcefulness and continual personal participation are said to be supporting wellbeing. A strong belief, or sense of coherence, in internal and external general resistance resources was a critical enabling factor for those living in temporary accommodation. Wellbeing was consistently linked with both social and formal activities; keeping occupied and having a strong sense of purpose were essential to wellbeing. In utilizing a Salutogenic approach we demonstrate how the 'context and meaning' of health actions can improve the understanding about the kinds of factors influencing wellbeing. PMID:22983692

Dunleavy, Andrew; Kennedy, Lynne Alexandra; Vaandrager, Lenneke

2014-03-01

24

Homeless Young Adults and Behavioral HealthAn Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adults (ages 18-24) are especially vulnerable to homelessness in the United States, and those experiencing homelessness exhibit high prevalence for many kinds of abuse and negative health outcomes. This article reviews common behavioral health issues facing homeless youth and assesses collective wisdom on effective treatments and services for this vulnerable population. On the whole, the research remains focused on

Suzanne Zerger; Aaron J. Strehlow; Adi V. Gundlapalli

2008-01-01

25

Employment Difficulties Experienced by Employed Homeless People: Labor Market Factors That Contribute to and Maintain Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Labor market issues and challenges are primarily understood at an individual level, entrenched socially in policies and initiatives that seek to improve the workplace skills of people having difficulty attaching to the labor market, including people experiencing homelessness. In fact, the labor market is perceived to alleviate a person's situation of homelessness. In 2008 and 2009 qualitative data was collected

Micheal L. Shier; Marion E. Jones; John R. Graham

2012-01-01

26

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Highlights Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Highlights Report offers a substantial review of both the data and analytic conclusions. One significant finding that seems to fly in the face of certain myths about homelessness: "when homeless people get housing assistance and needed services - such as health care, substance abuse treatment, mental health services, education and job training - 76% of those living in families and 60% of those living alone end their homeless status."

1999-01-01

27

Family Histories and Multiple Transitions Among Homeless Young Adults: Pathways to Homelessness  

PubMed Central

This study explored the early family histories of homeless young adults, the types and number of transitions they experienced, and their pathways to the street. Intensive qualitative interviews were audio taped and transcribed with 40 homeless young adults 19 to 21 years of age in the Midwest. Findings show that family backgrounds were generally characterized by substance use, child maltreatment, and witnessing violence, all of which provide social context for understanding why so many of these young people opted to leave home in search of an alternative living situation. The current findings also reveal that while some young adults ran away from home as adolescents, others were “pushed out” (i.e., told to leave), or removed by state agencies. Current study findings illustrate that young adults’ trajectories are marked by multiple living arrangements such as home, foster care, detention facility, and drug rehabilitation. Overall, study results show that young adults’ family histories place them on trajectories for early independence marked by multiple transitions and numerous living situations, culminating in a lack of a permanent residence to call home. PMID:24151346

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Schmitz, Rachel M.

2013-01-01

28

Homeless People's Trust and Interactions With Police and Paramedics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the health impact of patients' trust in physicians has been well documented, less is known about the possible health effects of trust in police or para- medics. Homeless people frequently interact with police officers and paramedics, and these experiences may affect their health and future willingness to seek emergency assistance. We examined homeless people's self-reported interactions with police and

Tanya L. Zakrison; Paul A. Hamel; Stephen W. Hwang

29

Homelessness among people with severe mental illness in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questions under study: This study addresses socio-demographic and clinical characteristics among homeless people in Switzerland admitted to inpatient care, the use of and pathways to inpa- tient care by this group and, the extent to which psychiatric disorders contribute to the risk of homelessness. Methods: Based on data of a psychiatric case register we analysed 16 247 people consecutively referred

Christoph Lauber; Barbara Lay; Wulf Rössler

30

Between Poverty and a Lifestyle: The Leisure Activities of Homeless People in Las Vegas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housed people judge homeless people, and in particular their leisure activities, as indicators of whether that person has chosen a “homeless lifestyle” and therefore deserves homelessness. To achieve a more complex understanding of contemporary homelessness, the author conducted ethnographic fieldwork over ten months in Las Vegas, Nevada, interviewing and participant observing dozens of homeless men and women, including observations of

Kurt Borchard

2010-01-01

31

Factors Associated with Substance Use Among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults. Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined the influence of social networks and economic factors among a group of homeless young adults with differing levels of alcohol and drug use. In addition, for those with an alcohol use disorder, the role of future time expectancies

Rebecca Gomez; Sanna J. Thompson; Amanda N. Barczyk

2010-01-01

32

Strengthening At-Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children Initiative, funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, aims to improve the housing, health, and development of homeless and at-risk young families. This article describes the services provided in four program sites (Pomona, CA; Antelope Valley, CA; Minneapolis, MN; and Chicago, IL)…

Medeiros, Debra; Vaulton, Wendy

2010-01-01

33

Factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults. Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined the influence of social networks and economic factors among a group of homeless young adults with differing levels of alcohol and drug use. In addition, for those with an alcohol use disorder the role of future time expectancies was examined. A sample (n=185) of homeless young adults aged 18-23 were recruited from a community drop-in center and interviewed utilizing self-report instruments. Findings suggest that social networks, economic factors, and future expectancies are significant predictors of the level of substance use among homeless young adults. Being able to identify those areas that place homeless young adults at risk for substance abuse and dependence has implications for effective intervention. PMID:20391267

Gomez, Rebecca; Thompson, Sanna J.; Barczyk, Amanda N.

2010-01-01

34

Emotional Disclosure in Homeless People: A Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Symptoms of stress are prevalent among the homeless. Growing evidence suggests that disclosure of traumatic experiences is beneficial to health. This pilot study examined the effects of an emotional disclosure protocol on a group of 8 homeless people, using a single-group design. Clinical effectiveness was evaluated using the Impact of Event Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory,

Aída de Vicente; Manuel Muñoz; Eloísa Pérez-Santos; Ana Belén Santos-Olmo

2004-01-01

35

Correlates of homeless episodes among indigenous people.  

PubMed

This study reports the correlates of homeless episodes among 873 Indigenous adults who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study on four reservations in the Northern Midwest and four Canadian First Nation reserves. Descriptive analyses depict differences between those who have and have not experienced an episode of homelessness in their lifetimes. Multivariate analyses assess factors associated with a history of homeless episodes at the time of their first interview and differentiate correlates of "near homelessness" (i.e., doubling up) and "homeless episodes" (periods of actual homelessness). Results show that individuals with a history of homeless episodes had significantly more individual and family health, mental health, and substance abuse problems. Periods of homelessness also were associated with financial problems. Among the female caretakers who experienced episodes of homelessness over the course of the study, the majority had been homeless at least once prior to the start of the study and approximately one-fifth met criteria for lifetime alcohol dependence, drug abuse, or major depression. Family adversity during childhood was also common for women experiencing homelessness during the study. PMID:21656303

Whitbeck, Les B; Crawford, Devan M; Sittner Hartshorn, Kelley J

2012-03-01

36

The responsibility to care for single homeless people.  

PubMed

This paper examines the reasons why in contemporary Britain many single homeless people with severe physical and mental health problems and welfare needs do not receive the treatment, care and financial support that they manifestly need, and in particular considers the interaction between their personal characteristics and the organisation and the obligations of services. Homelessness is a complex concept associated with problems of housing, health, social care and income. The greatest weaknesses of the service system are that no single agency has a statutory responsibility to ensure that vulnerable homeless people are served, and none of the generalist welfare agencies have a duty to seek out those who do not present. As a result, single homeless people fall between the housing, health and social services and amass exceptional unmet needs. The paper appraises the approaches to single homeless people's problems that have recently been introduced by the Rough Sleepers' Unit (RSU), and discusses the ways in which current reforms of the welfare services may impact on the situation of homeless people. With the possibility that the RSU's prime responsibility for commissioning single homeless people's services will transfer to local authorities in 2002, the paper concludes by specifying the implications for voluntary and statutory providers and makes recommendations about the attribution of the responsibility to care for this vulnerable group. PMID:11846823

Crane, M; Warnes, A M

2001-11-01

37

Correlates of Homeless Episodes among Indigenous People  

PubMed Central

This study reports the correlates of homeless episodes among 873 Indigenous adults who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study on four reservations in the Northern Midwest and four Canadian First Nation reserves. Descriptive analyses depict differences between those who have and have not experienced an episode of homelessness in their lifetimes. Multivariate analyses assess factors associated with a history of homeless episodes at the time of their first interview. Results show that individuals with a history of homeless episodes had significantly more individual and family health, mental health, and substance abuse problems. Periods of homelessness also were associated with financial problems. Among the female caretakers who experienced episodes of homelessness over the course of the study, the majority had been homeless at least once prior to the start of the study and approximately one–fifth met criteria for lifetime alcohol dependence, drug abuse, or major depression. Family adversity during childhood was also common for women experiencing homelessness during the study. PMID:21656303

Whitbeck, Les B.; Crawford, Devan M.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner

2011-01-01

38

Pregnancy and sexual health among homeless young injection drug users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of prenatal care, and histories of sexual victimization are described. A total of

Dodi Hathazi; Stephen E. Lankenau; Bill Sanders; Jennifer Jackson Bloom

2009-01-01

39

Pregnancy and Sexual Health among Homeless Young Injection Drug Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of…

Hathazi, Dodi; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Sanders, Bill; Bloom, Jennifer Jackson

2009-01-01

40

Health interventions for people who are homeless.  

PubMed

Homelessness has serious implications for the health of individuals and populations. Primary health-care programmes specifically tailored to homeless individuals might be more effective than standard primary health care. Standard case management, assertive community treatment, and critical time intervention are effective models of mental health-care delivery. Housing First, with immediate provision of housing in independent units with support, improves outcomes for individuals with serious mental illnesses. Many different types of interventions, including case management, are effective in the reduction of substance misuse. Interventions that provide case management and supportive housing have the greatest effect when they target individuals who are the most intensive users of services. Medical respite programmes are an effective intervention for homeless patients leaving the hospital. Although the scientific literature provides guidance on interventions to improve the health of homeless individuals, health-care providers should also seek to address social policies and structural factors that result in homelessness. PMID:25390579

Hwang, Stephen W; Burns, Tom

2014-10-25

41

Community health promotion with people who are experiencing homelessness.  

PubMed

Homelessness is an experience of being displaced. Once removed from their personal places, homeless people are barred access to healthy places in which to be. Health clinics for people who are experiencing homelessness offer an opportunity to create health-promoting places. In this study, we explore how place is experienced within a community health clinic for people who are experiencing homelessness. A critical ethnographic methodology was used. Results illustrate how clients and providers contested the space of the clinic. Discourses of safety, health promotion, and privacy were enacted, altered, and resisted in a constant practice of culture-making. Physical components of the space became conceptual components of how place and power in place were understood by clients and providers. Results point to the importance of conceptualizing service users as the key stakeholders in their care, considering how places may be more or less health promoting, and rethinking how safety is conceptualized. PMID:23384065

Oudshoorn, Abram; Ward-Griffin, Catherine; Poland, Blake; Berman, Helene; Forchuk, Cheryl

2013-01-01

42

Imaging Homelessness and Homeless People: Visions and Strategies Within the Movement(s)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “deserving versus undeserving” distinctions typically applied to poor people are examined as applied to homeless people. When these labels are applied by others, three categories—Lackers, Slackers, and Unwilling Victims—appear rather than a binary division. Further, the role these images play within antihomelessness movements is examined. Images shape strategies, and strategies shape images, both consciously and unconsciously. Three “clusters” of

Rob Rosenthal

2000-01-01

43

Pregnancy and Mental Health of Young Homeless Women  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy rates among women in the U.S. who are homeless are much higher than rates among women who are housed (Greene & Ringwalt, 1998). Yet little research has addressed mental health, risk and resilience among young mothers who are homeless. This study utilizes a sample of women from the Midwest Longitudinal Study of Homeless Adolescents (MLSHA) to investigate pregnancy and motherhood over three years among unaccompanied homeless young mothers. Our data are supplemented by in-depth interviews with a subset of these women. Results show that almost half of sexually active young women (n = 222, µ age = 17.2) had been pregnant at baseline (46.4%), and among the longitudinal subsample of 171 women (µ age = 17.2), almost 70.0% had been pregnant by the end of the study. Among young mothers who are homeless, only half reported that they helped to care for their children consistently over time, and one-fifth of the women reported never seeing their children. Of the young women with children in their care at the last interview of the study (Wave 13), almost one-third met criteria for lifetime major depressive episode (MDE), lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and lifetime drug abuse, and one-half met criteria for lifetime antisocial personality disorder (APD). Twelve-month diagnoses are also reported. The impacts of homelessness on maternal and child outcomes are discussed, including the implications for practice, policy, and research. PMID:21486259

Crawford, Devan M.; Trotter, Emily C.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner; Whitbeck, Les B.

2012-01-01

44

Young People and Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a small-scale qualitative inquiry into risk in the lives of children and young people. Conducted over a 12-month period in Birmingham and the Black Country in the United Kingdom, the study sought to elicit perceptions of risk from the perspective of children and young people in primary and secondary school…

Trotman, Dave; Martyn, Madeline; Tucker, Stanley

2012-01-01

45

Homeless people’s trust and interactions with police and paramedics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the health impact of patients’ trust in physicians has been well documented, less is known about the possible health\\u000a effects of trust in police or paramedics. Homeless people frequently interact with police officers and paramedics, and these\\u000a experiences may affect their health and future willingness to seek emergency assistance. We examined homeless people’s self-reported\\u000a interactions with police and paramedics

Tanya L. Zakrison; Paul A. Hamel; Stephen W. Hwang

2004-01-01

46

Transitioning Our Shelters: Making Homeless Shelters Safe for Transgender People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most homeless shelters in the United States are segregated by sex, with placement based on assumptions about a person's gender. As a result, transgender youth and adults, who identify as or express a gender different from their birth sex, can experience extreme difficulties in obtaining adequate and safe shelter. Many shelters are physically unsafe for transgender people, fail to provide

Lisa Mottet; John Ohle

2006-01-01

47

Homeless people's trust and interactions with police and paramedics.  

PubMed

Although the health impact of patients' trust in physicians has been well documented, less is known about the possible health effects of trust in police or paramedics. Homeless people frequently interact with police officers and paramedics, and these experiences may affect their health and future willingness to seek emergency assistance. We examined homeless people's self-reported interactions with police and paramedics in Toronto, Canada, and their level of trust in these emergency service providers. In a sample of 160 shelter users, 61% had interacted with police in the last 12 months, and 37% had interacted with paramedics (P = .0001). The proportion of subjects who expressed willingness to call police in an emergency was significantly lower than those willing to call paramedics in an emergency (69% vs. 92%, P = .0001). On a Likert scale ranging from a minimum of 0 to a maximum of 5, trust levels were lower in police than in paramedics (median level 3 vs. 5, P = .0001). Among shelter users, 9% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5% to 14%) reported an assault by a police officer in the last year, and 0% (95% CI, 0% to 4%) reported an assault by a paramedic. These findings showed that homeless people have much lower levels of trust in police than paramedics. Reports of negative interactions with police are not uncommon, and homeless people's perceptions of the police may pose a barrier to seeking emergency assistance. Further research is needed for objective characterization of homeless people's interactions with police officers and the potential health implications of low levels of trust in the police. PMID:15466841

Zakrison, Tanya L; Hamel, Paul A; Hwang, Stephen W

2004-12-01

48

Increasing Access to Higher Education for Unaccompanied Youth: Information for Colleges and Universities. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, more than a million young people in the United States experience homelessness; some of these young people, known as unaccompanied homeless youth, will face the challenges of homelessness while living on their own without the support of a caring adult. Unaccompanied homeless youth face the same struggles as other young people: trying to…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

49

Self-perceived strengths among people who are homeless.  

PubMed

This study examined self-perceived strengths among 116 people who were homeless. Those who had experienced a longer period of current homelessness tended to report fewer personal strengths (r = -0.23). Nonetheless, in spite of their marginalized position in society, the vast majority of participants (114 out of 116) perceived personal strengths. A prior diagnosis with mental illness was not associated with the number of strengths reported, but self-perception of strengths was associated with altruistic orientation. The Values in Action (VIA) taxonomy of character strengths captured many of the responses generated by this population. The most frequently mentioned character categories included social intelligence, kindness, persistence, authenticity and humour. The most frequently mentioned other strengths included personal skills (e.g. music, sports), job skills, intelligence and education. The results have relevance for efforts to build self-perceptions that facilitate escape from homelessness. PMID:23173008

Tweed, Roger G; Biswas-Diener, Robert; Lehman, Darrin R

2012-11-01

50

Poor parenting and antisocial behavior among homeless young adults: links to dating violence perpetration and victimization.  

PubMed

Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the association between child maltreatment and parental warmth with dating violence perpetration and victimization through substance use and delinquency among a sample of 172 homeless males and females. Results from path analysis revealed that physical abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect were all significant correlates of both substance use and delinquency, whereas lack of parental warmth was only associated with substance use. Neglect and substance use had direct effects on dating violence and substance use and was found to mediate the relationship between physical abuse and dating violence. Finally, females, older youth, and non-Whites had significantly higher levels of dating violence compared with their counterparts. PMID:22080581

Tyler, Kimberly A; Melander, Lisa A

2012-05-01

51

Does a Baby Help Young Women Transition Out of Homelessness? Motivation, Coping, and Parenting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless young women experience high levels of stress, challenges to mental health, substance use and abuse, and a lack of housing or of secure housing. This article explores one of the findings from a longitudinal qualitative study designed to follow homeless young women for a 2-year period as they make efforts to transition out of homelessness. Our objective was to

Lia Ruttan; Patricia Laboucane-Benson; Brenda Munro

2012-01-01

52

Does a Baby Help Young Women Transition out of Homelessness? Motivation, Coping, and Parenting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless young women experience high levels of stress, challenges to mental health, substance use and abuse, and a lack of housing or of secure housing. This article explores one of the findings from a longitudinal qualitative study designed to follow homeless young women for a 2-year period as they make efforts to transition out of homelessness.…

Ruttan, Lia; Laboucane-Benson, Patricia; Munro, Brenda

2012-01-01

53

Homeless Children and Youth: A New American Dilemma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 11 reports focus on policy responses to the needs of very young children who are part of a homeless family, and older young people who are homeless but on their own. The following chapters are included: (1) J. M. Molnar's introduction to the relationship between chronic poverty and homelessness; (2) "Beyond the Numbers: Homeless Families…

Kryder-Coe, Julee H., Ed.; And Others

54

The Dynamics of Violence and Homelessness among Young Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Violence is one of the most prevalent elements in the lives of homeless families with young children. This violence may come in various forms: domestic violence, street violence, violence in one's childhood, witnessing violence, and other avenues and modes. Violence disrupts the normal bonding between parent and child. It isolates and degrades…

Swick, Kevin James

2008-01-01

55

Income and employment among homeless people: the role of mental health, health and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The homeless population is among the poorest of the poor in the United States. Employment and government programs are potential sources of income, but many homeless people face potential barriers to work: many have serious mental and physical disabilities, and many more have alcohol and drug disorders. As a result, most homeless who work do so either for a

Samuel H. Zuvekas; Steven C. Hill

2000-01-01

56

Drugs and Young People  

MedlinePLUS

Drug abuse is a serious public health problem.It affects almost every community and family in some way. Drug abuse in children and teenagers may pose a ... of young people may be more susceptible to drug abuse and addiction than adult brains. Abused drugs ...

57

Homeless and Disabled: Rights, Responsibilities, and Recommendations for Serving Young Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a growing social problem in the United States. Especially vulnerable to this phenomenon are young children because homelessness is viewed as a breeding ground for disabilities. Despite federal legislation ensuring educational opportunities, the educational needs of children who are homeless are frequently unfulfilled. This article…

Gargiulo, Richard M.

2006-01-01

58

Electronic Democracy and Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines action to address young people's apathy to the democratic process and politics in general, by considering possibilities for using information and communication technology to engage young people. The article describes two e-democracy systems in use in Scotland, which provide young people with opportunities to participate in and understand democratic decision making. The systems are designed to allow

Ann Macintosh; Edmund Robson; Ella Smith; Angus Whyte

2003-01-01

59

[Insecticide resistance in lice collected from homeless people in Moscow].  

PubMed

Permethrin and malathion resistance in body and head lice collected from homeless people in Moscow was investigated in March 2009 to March 2010. Most micropopulations were found to have permethrin-resistant individuals. Their proportion varied from 8.7 to 100%. Cross resistance of body lice to 5 insecticides (the pyrethroids permethrin, d-phenothrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, and the organic chlorine compound DDT) was revealed in one case. The lice remained susceptible to organic phosphorus insecticides (fenthion, malathion). The data on permethrin resistance in the lice, obtained by the standard method (immersion of the insects into an insecticide solution), correlated with those yielded by the modified WHO method. PMID:22308710

Lopatina, Iu V; Eremina, O Iu

2011-01-01

60

Dignity and indignation: How people experiencing homelessness view services and providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how people experiencing homelessness view their interactions with service providers. Drawing on a database of more than 500 transcribed interviews with people experiencing homelessness we find that descriptions of interactions with staff and providers were predominantly expressed in sharply negative terms, with experiences of objectification and infantilization being commonplace. In response to these experiences, nearly all were

Lisa Hoffman; Brian Coffey

2008-01-01

61

Is Shared Housing a Way to Reduce Homelessness? The Effect of Household Arrangements on Formerly Homeless People  

PubMed Central

Most single adults share housing with other adults, and living alone is considerably more expensive than living with someone else. Yet policies that discourage shared housing for formerly homeless people or people at risk of becoming homeless are common, and those that encourage it are rare. This would be understandable if such housing adversely affected its users in some way. We ask whether shared housing produces adverse effects. Our provisional answer is no. For the most part, whether a person lives alone or shares housing seems to make no difference to the outcomes we studied although shared housing is associated with reduced psychotic symptomology. We use data from ACCESS, a 5-year, 18-site demonstration project with over 6,000 formerly homeless individuals as participants. PMID:20440383

He, Yinghua; O'Flaherty, Brendan; Rosenheck, Robert A.

2010-01-01

62

Untangling the Complex Needs of People Experiencing Gambling Problems and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with gambling problems are now recognised among those at increased risk of homelessness, and the link between housing and gambling problems has been identified as an area requiring further research. This paper discusses the findings of a qualitative study that explored the relationship between gambling problems and homelessness. Interviews…

Holdsworth, Louise; Tiyce, Margaret

2013-01-01

63

Toward Meeting the Needs of Homeless People with Schizophrenia: The Validity of Quality of Life Measurement  

PubMed Central

Objective To provide new evidence regarding the suitability of using quality of life (QoL) measurements in homeless people with schizophrenia, we assess the acceptability and psychometric properties of a specific QoL instrument (S-QoL 18) in a population of homeless people with schizophrenia, and we compare their QoL levels with those observed in non-homeless people with schizophrenia. Methods This multi-centre prospective study was conducted in the following 4 French cities: Lille, Marseille, Paris and Toulouse. Two hundred and thirty-six homeless patients with schizophrenia were recruited over a 12 month-period. The S-QoL 18 was tested for construct validity, reliability, external validity and sensitivity to change. The QoL of the 236 homeless patients was compared with 236 French age- and sex-matched non-homeless patients with schizophrenia. Results The eight-factor structure of the S-QoL 18 was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis (RMSEA = 0.035, CFI = 0.95, GFI = 0.99 and SRMR = 0.015). Internal consistency, reliability and sensitivity to change were satisfactory. External validity was confirmed via correlations between S-QoL 18 dimension scores and SF-36, symptomatology and recovery scores. The percentage of missing data did not exceed 5%. Finally, homeless patients had significantly lower QoL levels than non-homeless patients with schizophrenia. Conclusions These results demonstrate the satisfactory acceptability and psychometric properties of the S-QoL 18, suggesting the validity of QoL measurement among homeless patients with schizophrenia. Our study also reported that QoL levels in homeless patients with schizophrenia were dramatically low, highlighting the need for new policies to eradicate homelessness and tackle poverty. PMID:24205390

Auquier, Pascal; Tinland, Aurelie; Fortanier, Cecile; Loundou, Anderson; Baumstarck, Karine; Lancon, Christophe; Boyer, Laurent

2013-01-01

64

Where Do Young People Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current policy intention, that all young people remain in some form of accredited education or training to the age of 18 by 2015, poses significant challenges. The jobs without training (JWT) group includes young people who are in full-time work and not in receipt of training leading to National Vocational Qualification level 2 (or above);…

Maguire, Sue; Huddleston, Prue

2009-01-01

65

Young People and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet was developed to inform teenagers of their civil rights and to encourage them to organize in order to seek more equitable rights. The book is not recommended for classroom use, but rather is written as resource material for young people avidly interested in their rights and in the discrimination against young people by the legal…

Autlin, Diana

66

Leading Work with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Leading Work with Young People" provides a selection of writing from a complex and dynamic field of work. The editors bring together key readings and newly commissioned material to present a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives on leading and managing work with young people. The book will equip students with the knowledge, skills,…

Harrison, Roger, Ed.; Benjamin, Cathy, Ed.; Curran, Sheila, Ed.; Hunter, Rob, Ed.

2007-01-01

67

Effective Communication with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Government established the Office for Youth (the Office) in September 2008 in an effort to engage with the young people of Australia. The Office will work with other government agencies to help young people reach their full potential; make effective transitions to adulthood as they continue to learn, start work, make decisions that…

Shanahan, Patrick; Elliott, David

2009-01-01

68

Issues and Strategies Involved in Helping Homeless Parents of Young Children Strengthen Their Self-Esteem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless parents of young children face many stressors that erode their self-esteem. This article articulates these stressors\\u000a and how they negatively impact homeless parents and their children. Strategies for helping parents empower themselves and\\u000a their children are explained.

Kevin J. Swick

2009-01-01

69

Direct and Indirect Effects of Parenting on the Academic Functioning of Young Homeless Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Effects of parenting quality on the academic functioning of young homeless children were examined using data from 58 children ages 4 to 7 and their parents during their stay at an emergency homeless shelter. Parenting quality, child executive function, child intellectual functioning, and risk status were assessed in the shelter, and teacher reports of academic functioning were obtained

Janette E. Herbers; J. J. Cutuli; Theresa L. Lafavor; Danielle Vrieze; Cari Leibel; Jelena Obradovi?; Ann S. Masten

2011-01-01

70

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Summary Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Summary Report gives complete analysis of the extensive findings of the survey, including five chapters summarizing the methodology and data.

1999-01-01

71

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Technical Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Technical Report provides the "full, detailed technical report consisting of 17 chapters with appendices and complete sets of data tables (over 500 pages)."

1999-01-01

72

Factors associated with reported need for dental care among people who are homeless using assistance programs.  

PubMed

A retrospective secondary data analysis of the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients database was conducted to identify the demographic characteristics and correlates associated with reported need for dental care among people who are homeless in the United States. Overall, 10% of people who were homeless reported that dental care was their most needed service. Of these, 17% had a dental visit within the previous 12 months, 52% were racial/ethnic minorities, 76% lived in a central city, and 26% were veterans. The unadjusted odds for reporting a need for dental care was highest among veterans who were homeless and those whose last dental visit occurred more than 12 months ago. Compared to nonveterans who were homeless, veterans had twice the adjusted odds for reporting a need for dental care. The adjusted odds for reporting a need for dental care were lowest for those with dental insurance. Evaluation of the data suggests that dental insurance was associated with reporting lower need for dental care. Veterans who were homeless reported higher odds for dental care. Strengthening existing oral health-care programs sensitive to the needs of people who are homeless may improve their oral health and reduce their dental-disease-related morbidity. PMID:20618780

Okunseri, Christopher; Girgis, Dina; Self, Karl; Jackson, Scott; McGinley, Emily L; Tarima, Sergey S

2010-01-01

73

Traumatic brain injury among people who are homeless: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Homelessness and poverty are important social problems, and reducing the prevalence of homelessness and the incidence of injury and illness among people who are homeless would have significant financial, societal, and individual implications. Recent research has identified high rates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among this population, but to date there has not been a review of the literature on this topic. The objective of this systematic review was to review the current state of the literature on TBI and homelessness in order to identify knowledge gaps and direct future research. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted in PsycINFO (1887–2012), Embase (1947–2012), and MEDLINE/Pubmed (1966–2012) to identify all published research studies on TBI and homelessness. Data on setting, sampling, outcome measures, and rate of TBI were extracted from these studies. Results Eight research studies were identified. The rate of TBI among samples of persons who were homeless varied across studies, ranging from 8%-53%. Across the studies there was generally little information to adequately describe the research setting, sample sizes were small and consisted mainly of adult males, demographic information was not well described, and validated screening tools were rarely used. The methodological quality of the studies included was generally moderate and there was little information to illustrate that the studies were adequately powered or that study samples were representative of the source population. There was also an absence of qualitative studies in the literature. Conclusions The rate of TBI is higher among persons who are homeless as compared to the general population. Both descriptive and interventional studies of individuals who are homeless should include a psychometrically sound measure of history of TBI and related disability. Education of caregivers of persons who are at risk of becoming, or are homeless, should involve training on TBI. Dissemination of knowledge to key stakeholders such as people who are homeless, their families, and public policy makers is also advocated. PMID:23216886

2012-01-01

74

Youth Homelessness and Individualised Subjectivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to contribute to understandings of youth homelessness and subjectivity by analysing identity construction in terms of young people's negotiation of the structural and institutional environment of youth homelessness. I suggest that while existing literature on this topic concentrates mainly on micro-social encounters, the…

Farrugia, David

2011-01-01

75

Young People in Changing Societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This seventh Regional Monitoring Report focuses on the experiences of young people during the transition. It examines the advantages and the obstacles youth encounter as they grow up in rapidly transforming societies. The Report covers a broad range of issues, including the participation of adolescents in education and of young men and women in the political lives of their nations.

2000-01-01

76

When the Bough Breaks: The Effects of Homelessness on Young Children. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 3, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Living without permanent, long-term housing creates a number of stressors for children and families, but being homeless can be particularly detrimental to the healthy development of young children. The National Center on Family Homelessness reports that more than 1.6 million children--or one in 45 children--were homeless annually in America…

McCoy-Roth, Marci; Mackintosh, Bonnie B.; Murphey, David

2012-01-01

77

Expanding Service Delivery: Does It Improve Relationships Among Agencies Serving Homeless People with Mental Illness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enhancing interagency services integration for homeless people has been advocated as an approach for improving service delivery to this population. In contrast to system-level “top-down” interventions, this study examines the association of expanded funding of client-level homeless services, a “bottom-up” approach, with strengthening of interorganizational relationships. We compared Veterans Affairs\\/non-Veterans Affairs interagency relationships at VA facilities supporting community-oriented programs (N=72),

James McGuire; Robert Rosenheck; Craig Burnette

2002-01-01

78

Resilience and Young People Leaving Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do we promote the resilience of young people leaving care? This article explores this question by bringing together research findings on the resilience of young people from disadvantaged family backgrounds with research studies on young people leaving care. These findings are applied to young people during their journey to adulthood: their…

Stein, Mike

2008-01-01

79

How can health services effectively meet the health needs of homeless people?  

PubMed Central

Background Homelessness affects many people in contemporary society with consequences for individuals and the wider community. Homeless people experience poorer levels of general physical and mental health than the general population and there is a substantial international evidence base which documents multiple morbidity. Despite this, they often have problems in obtaining suitable health care. Aim To critically examine the international literature pertaining to the health care of homeless people and discuss the effectiveness of treatment interventions. Design of study Review and synthesis of current evidence. Method Medline (1966–2003), EMBASE (1980–2003), PsycINFO (1985–2003), CINAHL (1982–2003), Web of Science (1981–2003) and the Cochrane Library (Evidence Based Health) databases were reviewed using key terms relating to homelessness, intervention studies, drug misuse, alcohol misuse and mental health. The review was not limited to publications in English. It included searching the internet using key terms, and grey literature was also accessed through discussion with experts. Results Internationally, there are differing models and services aimed at providing health care for homeless people. Effective interventions for drug dependence include adequate oral opiate maintenance therapy, hepatitis A, B and tetanus immunisation, safer injecting advice and access to needle exchange programmes. There is emerging evidence for the effectiveness of supervised injecting rooms for homeless injecting drug users and for the peer distribution of take home naloxone in reducing drug-related deaths. There is some evidence that assertive outreach programmes for those with mental ill health, supportive programmes to aid those with motivation to address alcohol dependence and informal programmes to promote sexual health can lead to lasting health gain. Conclusions As multiple morbidity is common among homeless people, accessible and available primary health care is a pre-requisite for effective health interventions. This requires addressing barriers to provision and multi-agency working so that homeless people can access the full range of health and social care services. There are examples of best practice in the treatment and retention of homeless people in health and social care and such models can inform future provision. PMID:16611519

Wright, Nat MJ; Tompkins, Charlotte NE

2006-01-01

80

The health of homeless people in high-income countries: descriptive epidemiology, health consequences, and clinical and policy recommendations.  

PubMed

In the European Union, more than 400,000 individuals are homeless on any one night and more than 600,000 are homeless in the USA. The causes of homelessness are an interaction between individual and structural factors. Individual factors include poverty, family problems, and mental health and substance misuse problems. The availability of low-cost housing is thought to be the most important structural determinant for homelessness. Homeless people have higher rates of premature mortality than the rest of the population, especially from suicide and unintentional injuries, and an increased prevalence of a range of infectious diseases, mental disorders, and substance misuse. High rates of non-communicable diseases have also been described with evidence of accelerated ageing. Although engagement with health services and adherence to treatments is often compromised, homeless people typically attend the emergency department more often than non-homeless people. We discuss several recommendations to improve the surveillance of morbidity and mortality in homeless people. Programmes focused on high-risk groups, such as individuals leaving prisons, psychiatric hospitals, and the child welfare system, and the introduction of national and state-wide plans that target homeless people are likely to improve outcomes. PMID:25390578

Fazel, Seena; Geddes, John R; Kushel, Margot

2014-10-25

81

Coming of age on the streets: survival sex among homeless young women in Hollywood.  

PubMed

This study examined childhood physical or sexual abuse, involvement in dependency or delinquency systems, psychiatric hospitalization, and suicide as possible risk factors for survival sex among homeless young women. Homeless young women were found to have similarly high rates of childhood sexual abuse, dependency and delinquency systems involvement, and psychiatric hospitalization. Homeless young women involved in survival sex disclosed higher rates of attempted suicide and reported marginally higher rates of childhood physical abuse. Analysis of qualitative data showed that those engaged in survival sex were motivated primarily by desperation to meet basic needs including a place to stay, food and money, and one third mentioned that peers commonly were influential in decisions to engage in survival sex. Others were influenced by coercion (10%) or pursuit of drugs (10%). Young women engaged in survival sex generally experienced regret and shame about their experience. PMID:24215967

Warf, Curren W; Clark, Leslie F; Desai, Mona; Rabinovitz, Susan J; Agahi, Golnaz; Calvo, Richard; Hoffmann, Jenny

2013-12-01

82

Physically Violent Mothers Are a Reason for Young People's Leaving Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a qualitative study, 302 homeless young people (aged 12 to 20 years) were asked to discuss their reasons for leaving home. Some 103 youth cited physical violence by a parent or stepparent, and of these, 39 cited their mother's or stepmother's violence as the reason for leaving home. Females were more likely than males to report being the target…

Mallett, Shelley; Rosenthal, Doreen

2009-01-01

83

Moving On: Young People and Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help explain why some young people move from recreational drug use to substance abuse, twelve in-depth interviews were conducted with young people who had experienced problematic substance use. The data were supplemented by statistical data on 111 young people. The researchers found a variety of "structural" factors that help explain young

Daley, Kathryn; Chamberlain, Chris

2009-01-01

84

Service provision and barriers to care for homeless people with mental health problems across 14 European capital cities  

PubMed Central

Background Mental health problems are disproportionately higher amongst homeless people. Many barriers exist for homeless people with mental health problems in accessing treatment yet little research has been done on service provision and quality of care for this group. The aim of this paper is to assess current service provision and identify barriers to care for homeless people with mental health problems in 14 European capital cities. Method Two methods of data collection were employed; (i) In two highly deprived areas in each of the 14 European capital cities, homeless-specific services providing mental health, social care or general health services were assessed. Data were obtained on service characteristics, staff and programmes provided. (ii) Semi-structured interviews were conducted in each area with experts in mental health care provision for homeless people in order to determine the barriers to care and ways to overcome them. Results Across the 14 capital cities, 111 homeless-specific services were assessed. Input from professionally qualified mental health staff was reported as low, as were levels of active outreach and case finding. Out-of-hours service provision appears inadequate and high levels of service exclusion criteria were evident. Prejudice in the services towards homeless people, a lack of co-ordination amongst services, and the difficulties homeless people face in obtaining health insurance were identified as major barriers to service provision. Conclusions While there is variability in service provision across European capital cities, the reported barriers to service accessibility are common. Homeless-specific services are more responsive to the initial needs of homeless people with mental health problems, while generic services tend to be more conducive to long term care. Further research is needed to determine the effectiveness of different service delivery models, including the most effective coordination of homeless specific and generic services. PMID:22838503

2012-01-01

85

Kenya: programmes for young people.  

PubMed

The government of Kenya, in an effort to meet the needs of its young people, has increased programs designed to assist youths and school dropouts in the nation's current development plan (1979-83). The village polytechnics, youth centers, and various training facilities are geared towards preparing young people for self-employment in small-scale rural industries. To make a modest contribution and to respond to the needs of young people, the Family Planning Association of Kenya (FPAK) develops and conducts family life education programs for Kenya youth with a view toward filling some of the social and emotional gaps. The content of the FPAK Youth Program emphasizes the important role played by the family unit and the need to understand what is involved in the process of human development and responsible parenthood. In addition, the program aims at creating and generating among the youth a sense of direction, value, and longing for an improvement in the quality of life. Broadly, the program is designed to: gain information and knowledge of the special needs of the young people of Kenya in terms of making a contribution to national development and their present and future family life; consider and determine ways of increasing the involvement of young people in the development of policies and programs designed to meet the needs of youth in the development of these programs; help parents and others to give the young an appreciation of family life; and to provide a forum whereby youth can meet and discuss their problems. In the area of information and education, the program has made use of provincial youth seminars and lectures to groups of youths in institutions and schools accompanied by film shows. The establishment of Youth Welfare Clubs has necessitated the production of literature and materials for the youth to use as references, guides, sources of information, and knowledge of family life. In 1980 FPAK introduced a Youth Newsletter in which members of the various Youth Welfare Clubs were given the opportunity to express their ideas and to report on their welfare activities. FPAK is working to foster a greater degree of cooperation with the government and other organizations in promoting youth programs. The Association is trying to persuade the government to establish clear guidelines on youth and contraception. PMID:12340613

Gathecha, J B

1981-12-01

86

Psychiatric disorders and treatment among newly homeless young adults with histories of foster care  

PubMed Central

Objective While foster care placement is often preceded by stressful events such as childhood abuse, foster care itself often exposes children to additional severe stressors. A history of foster care, as well as the childhood abuse that often precedes it, is common among homeless young adults. However, whether a history of foster care elevates the likelihood of psychiatric disorders and treatment among homeless young adults, after adjustment for childhood abuse, is unknown. This study examined whether a history of foster care was associated with psychiatric disorders, prior psychiatric counseling, prescription of psychiatric medications, and prior psychiatric hospitalization among newly homeless young adults, controlling for childhood abuse and other covariates. Methods Among a consecutive sample of 424 newly homeless young adults (18 to 21 years) in a crisis shelter, logistic regression analyses determined the associations between foster care and any psychiatric disorder (affective, anxiety, personality, psychotic) and psychiatric treatment, adjusted for demographics, childhood abuse, substance abuse, prior arrest, unemployment, lack of high school diploma, and histories of psychiatric disorders and drug abuse among biological relatives. Results Homeless young adults with histories of foster care were 70% more likely to report any psychiatric disorder (AOR=1.70) and twice as likely to have received mental health counseling for a psychiatric disorder (AOR=2.17), been prescribed psychiatric medication (AOR=2.26), and been hospitalized for psychiatric problems (AOR=2.15) than those without such histories. Conclusions Histories of foster care should trigger screening for psychiatric disorders among homeless young adults to aid in the provision of treatment (counseling, medication, hospitalization) tailored to their psychiatric needs. PMID:22706986

Thompson, Ronald G.; Hasin, Deborah S.

2013-01-01

87

Vulnerability of Homeless People in Tehran, Iran, to HIV, Tuberculosis and Viral Hepatitis  

PubMed Central

Background Homeless people are at risk of contracting communicable infectious diseases, as they indulge in risky behaviours and lifestyle. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of the aforementioned infections and related risk behaviours among homeless people in Tehran. Methods In this study a convenience sample of 593 homeless individuals was studied. The ELISA method was used for the detection of HIV, HCV and HBV. Clinical symptoms, sputum cultures, acid fast bacilli smears, and chest X-rays were used to identify active pulmonary tuberculosis, and the Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) test was used to identify latent tuberculosis. Results The prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and latent tuberculosis was 3.4%, 2.6%, 23.3% and 46.7%, respectively. Active pulmonary tuberculosis was found in 7 persons (1.2%). Injection drug use was an independent risk factor for HIV, HCV and HBV infections. Older people had a higher proportion of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (OR: 2.6, 95%CI: 1.9, 3.7) and HCV positivity (OR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1, 2.5). Conclusion Our findings highlighted that much more attention needs to be paid to the health of homeless people. PMID:24896247

Bagheri Amiri, Fahimeh; Gouya, Mohammad Mehdi; Saifi, Mahnaz; Rohani, Mehdi; Tabarsi, Payam; Sedaghat, Abbas; Fahimfar, Noushin; Memarnejadian, Arash; Aghasadeghi, Mohammad Reza; Haghdoost, Ali Akbar; Jahanbakhsh, Fatemeh; Nasehi, Mahshid; Mostafavi, Ehsan

2014-01-01

88

THE FRENCH SURVEY OF HOMELESS PEOPLE USING SHELTERS AND SOUP KITCHENS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The French survey of homeless people using support services is unique because of its scope and the conditions under which it was conducted. About 4,000 users of shelters and soup kitchens were surveyed in January and February 2001. Because some users move from one service point to another, it is necessary to collect precise data on the number of times

Cécile Brousse; Emmanuel Massé

89

Correlates of Depressed Mood among Young Stimulant-Using Homeless Gay and Bisexual Men  

PubMed Central

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for reporting suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered a study designed to reduce drug use. G/B men without social support were 11 times more likely to be experience depressed mood than their counterparts who had support while persons who reported severe body pain were almost 6 times more likely to report depressed mood than those without pain. Other factors that increased risk of depressed mood included being homeless in the last four months, injecting drugs, reporting poor or fair health status and high levels of internalized homophobia. This study is one of the first to draw a link between pain experienced and depressed mood in homeless young G/B men. Understanding the correlates of depressed mood among homeless G/B young men can help service providers design more targeted treatment plans and more appropriate referrals to ancillary care services. PMID:23017039

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine M.; Idemundia, Faith E.; Reback, Cathy J.; Shoptaw, Steve; Marfisee, Mary; Keenan, Colleen; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Liu, Yihang; Yadav, Kartik

2013-01-01

90

Correlates of depressed mood among young stimulant-using homeless gay and bisexual men.  

PubMed

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial, and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered a study designed to reduce drug use. G/B men without social support were 11 times more likely to experience depressed mood than their counterparts who had support; those who reported severe body pain were almost six times more likely to report depressed mood than those without pain. Other factors that increased risk of depressed mood included being homeless in the last four months, injecting drugs, reporting poor or fair health status, and high levels of internalized homophobia. This study is one of the first studies to draw a link between pain experienced and depressed mood in homeless young G/B men. Understanding the correlates of depressed mood among homeless G/B young men can help service providers design more targeted treatment plans and provide more appropriate referrals to ancillary care services. PMID:23017039

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine; Idemundia, Faith; Reback, Cathy; Shoptaw, Steven; Marfisee, Mary; Keenan, Colleen; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Liu, Yihang; Yadav, Kartik

2012-10-01

91

Progressive Welfare Reform? Ending General Assistance Cash Grants for Homeless People in San Francisco  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines Care-Not-Cash, a welfare reform measure that replaced cash General Assistance payments for homeless people in San Francisco with in-kind social services. Unlike most welfare reform measures, Care-Not-Cash was framed by proponents as a progressive policy, aimed at expanding social services and government care for poor people. Drawing on primary and secondary documents, as well as extensive interviews,

Darren Noy

2009-01-01

92

A Comparison of National Emergency Department Use by Homeless versus Non-Homeless People in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A single-site study described differences between homeless and non-homeless patient utilization of the emergency department (ED). No prior study has examined ED use by the homeless on a national level. Objective.To analyze national ED utilization by homeless patients. Methods. Data were extracted from the 2005 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. SAS callable SUDAAN was used to produce national

Allison Tadros Gary Oates; MPA MSW Stephen M. Davis

2009-01-01

93

Discrepancies in Reporting of Physical and Sexual Abuse among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated risk factors for discrepant reporting of physical and sexual abuse among 172 homeless young adults. Discrepant reporting includes situations in which a respondent denies experiencing abuse in general but reports being a victim of specific forms of maltreatment. The results revealed that discrepant reporting rates tended to…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2009-01-01

94

Correlates of Engaging in Survival Sex among Homeless Youth and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 1,625 homeless youth and young adults aged 10 to 25 from 28 different states in the United States, this study examines the correlates of having engaged in survival sex. Findings suggest that differences exist based on demographic variables (gender, age, race, and sexual orientation), lifetime drug use (inhalants, Valium™, crack cocaine, alcohol, Coricidin™, and morphine), recent

N. Eugene Walls; Stephanie Bell

2010-01-01

95

Discrepancies in Reporting of Physical and Sexual Abuse Among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated risk factors for discrepant reporting of physical and sexual abuse among 172 homeless young adults. Discrepant reporting includes situations in which a respondent denies experiencing abuse in general but reports being a victim of specific forms of maltreatment. The results revealed that discrepant reporting rates tended to be highest for minor physical assault and for noncontact sexual

Kimberly A. Tyler; Lisa A. Melander

2009-01-01

96

The Psychosocial Context of Homeless Mothers with Young Children: Program and Policy Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study explores the psychosocial difficulties facing homeless mothers with young children. Variables include impulse control, emotional tonality, social relationships, morality, goal orientation, coping, psychopathology, social adjustment, and sense of fatalism or control. Addresses value of results for designing social intervention programs for…

Dail, Paula W.

1990-01-01

97

Correlates of HIV Risk Behaviors Among Homeless and Unstably Housed Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Objectives Homeless young adults are exposed to multiple risk factors for HIV infection. We identified HIV risk behaviors and their correlates among homeless young adults in Portland, Oregon. Methods We conducted a community-based, cross-sectional survey of HIV risk behaviors among homeless young adults aged 18–25 years in 2010. Participants completed three study components: (1) an interviewer-administered survey of HIV risk behaviors; (2) a brief, client-centered HIV risk-based counseling session; and (3) rapid HIV testing. Results Among 208 participants, 45.8% identified as racial/ethnic minority groups, 63.8% were male, and 35.7% self-identified as nonheterosexual. Six participants, all from sexual minority groups, had positive HIV screening results (two newly identified, four previously known) for a seropositivity rate of 2.9%. Female sex, belonging to a sexual minority group, frequent traveling between cities, depression, and alcohol use to intoxication were significantly associated with unprotected sex in univariate analysis. Female sex and high perceived risk of HIV were significantly associated with unprotected sex in multivariate analysis. Conclusions Our findings support the need for enhanced HIV prevention interventions for homeless young adults. PMID:23633730

Logan, Jennifer L.; Frye, Alison; Pursell, Haley O.; Anderson-Nathe, Michael; Scholl, Juliana E.

2013-01-01

98

Sourcing homelessness: How journalists use sources to frame homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a content and qualitative analysis of quotations from sources in Canadian newspaper items on homelessness. Experts dominate as sources on homelessness. Homeless people are not completely deprived of a voice, but are limited to the devalued voice of experience. Quotes from homeless people themselves promote a narrative of homelessness that marginalizes the people who experience it and

Barbara Schneider

2012-01-01

99

Sex education and young people.  

PubMed

Young people comprise up to 60% of Belize's total population of more than 200,000. Many of them have dropped out of school and simply loiter on the streets with little or nothing to do. The only nongovernmental organization in Belize providing family planning and sexual and reproductive health care services, the Belize Family Life Association (BFLA) is well aware of the many problems facing youth, such as AIDS, teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease, poverty, and gangs. In an effort to improve conditions for youth and to address their problems, the BFLA established a successful teen center in the Mesopotamia Area and the Belizean Youths with an Aim for Prosperity (BYAP), a project designed to foster and support entrepreneurship among a group comprised mainly of out-of-school at-risk youths. Population Concern is helping to fund reproductive health projects for youth in South Africa with the goal of reducing the prevalence of unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and unsafe abortion through reproductive health services and education. Young people are helping design the project by explaining their perceived needs to the project team. In Trinidad and Tobago, controversy followed the Family Planning Association of Trinidad and Tobago's (FPATT) recent launch of its annual Family Life Education Training program for teachers, while 2 recent hurricanes, unemployment, and illicit drug sales and use are some of the problems facing the Dominica Planned Parenthood Federation and Dominica's youth. PMID:12321260

1996-01-01

100

Labor Migration by Russian Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Russia's young people have become active participants in processes of migration. After the fall of the USSR, young people began to travel outside Russia in substantially greater numbers. At the present time, young Russians can be found in all kinds of regions and countries of the world. They are getting an education in foreign universities and…

Man'shin, R. V.; Timoshenko, O. V.; Pis'mennaia, E. E.

2009-01-01

101

A Typology of Mentally Disordered Users of Resources for Homeless People: Towards Better Planning of Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to describe distinct typologies among mentally ill users of resources for homeless people, in order\\u000a to inform the targeted development of mental health services to address their varied needs. Data came from a survey of clientele\\u000a of resources for homeless persons in Montreal and Quebec (N = 757) and this study includes the 369 people from

Jean-Pierre Bonin; Louise Fournier; Régis Blais

2009-01-01

102

[Health assistance to homeless people in a health unit in São Paulo city].  

PubMed

Geraldo Honório de Paula Souza health unit is located close to the Public Health College at University de São Paulo and has largely contributed to improve education in the health field. As it registers just population who live in a specific location nearly, it has also provided help to the homeless people in the area of Pinheiros couting on the support of the Program Gente de Rua, a partnership between Social Center Nossa Senhora do Bom Parto and Health Secretary of São Paulo municipality. This program consists of three communitarian agents and a nurse who take care of this population in the health center. The agents first contact homeless people who can be later assisted by a heath team in the unit. Assistance also includes visits by the agents and the nurse from the program, taking into consideration the principle of equity of Brazilian Unified Health System. PMID:20608380

Canônico, Rhavana Pilz; Tanaka, Ana Cristina D'Andretta; Mazza, Márcia Maria Porto Roccetto; de Fátima e Souza, Maria; Bernat, Maria Cristina; Junqueira, Luciana Xavier

2007-12-01

103

Educating Young People About Water  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Educating Young People About Water is a website for obtaining materials designed to help develop a community based, water education program that targets youth and links key community members. There are three guidebooks: A Guide to Program Planning and Evaluation, A Guide to Unique Program Strategies, and A Guide to Goals and Resources. The last guide is searchable on-line with more than 100 curricula summaries and checklists by grade level or topic. The guidebooks are five dollars each or can be downloaded from the site, and the 100 curricula materials are generally low cost or free. There is also a video available for eleven dollars that illustrates concepts explored in workshops where participants learn to design a community-based, youth water program. The video comes with a Program Leader Workshop Guide that explains how to conduct a workshop and use the materials in local planning session.

Monnett, Jeremy

1996-03-15

104

Consulting About Consulting: Young people’s views of consultation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing recognition that children and young people should be consulted and involved in decision?making about their lives is reflected in national and international legislation. A great deal of this legislation, stemming from the UN convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), requires education authorities to consult children and young people when making decisions about their education. However, little

Richard C. Woolfson; Michael Harker; Dorothy Lowe; Mary Shields; Margaret Banks; Lindsay Campbell; Ellen Ferguson

2006-01-01

105

Comparison of prevalence of schizophrenia among residents of hostels for homeless people in 1966 and 1992.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To determine whether the prevalence of schizophrenia among the homeless population of Edinburgh resident in hostels has changed between 1966 and 1992. DESIGN--Comparison of two cross sectional surveys. SETTINGS--Hostels for homeless people in Edinburgh. SUBJECTS--In 1966 a random sample of 98 residents of three common lodging houses. In 1992 a random sample of 198 residents of nine hostels. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--Prevalence of schizophrenia. RESULTS--The prevalence of schizophrenia in 1992 was 12/136 (9%) compared with 20/79 (25%) in 1966 (odds ratio 0.29; 95% confidence interval 0.13 to 0.62; P = 0.001). Adjustment for confounding by age, current hostel, and duration of unemployment by means of logistic regression produced an adjusted odds ratio of 0.22 (0.08 to 0.58). CONCLUSIONS--The prevalence of schizophrenia was lower in 1992 even after other changes in the population resident in hostels occurring between 1966 and 1992 were taken into account. The findings are not consistent with an increase in the prevalence of schizophrenia among homeless people despite a 66% reduction in adult psychiatric beds in the region during 1966-92. PMID:8167488

Geddes, J.; Newton, R.; Young, G.; Bailey, S.; Freeman, C.; Priest, R.

1994-01-01

106

Client-provider relationships in a community health clinic for people who are experiencing homelessness.  

PubMed

Recognizing the importance of health-promoting relationships in engaging people who are experiencing homelessness in care, most research on health clinics for homeless persons has involved some recognition of client-provider relationships. However, what has been lacking is the inclusion of a critical analysis of the policy context in which relationships are enacted. In this paper, we question how client-provider relationships are enacted within the culture of community care with people who are experiencing homelessness and how clinic-level and broader social and health policies shape relationships in this context. We explore these questions within a critical theoretical perspective utilizing a critical ethnographic methodology. Data were collected using multiple methods of document review, participant observation, in-depth interviews and focus groups. The participants include both clients at a community health clinic, and all clinic service providers. We explore how clients and providers characterized each other as 'good' or 'bad'. For providers, this served as a means by which they policed behaviours and enforced social norms. The means by which both providers' and clients' negotiated relationships are explored, but this is couched within both local and system-level policies. This study highlights the importance of healthcare providers and clients being involved in broader policy and systemic change. PMID:23033851

Oudshoorn, Abe; Ward-Griffin, Catherine; Forchuk, Cheryl; Berman, Helene; Poland, Blake

2013-12-01

107

Young People's Internet Use: Divided or Diversified?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically analyses research on young people's internet use. Based on a literature analysis, it examines which young people do what on the internet. These results invite a reflection on the dominant discourse on the digital divide. Within this discourse, there is a strong focus on the use of the internet for information purposes only,…

Boonaert, Tom; Vettenburg, Nicole

2011-01-01

108

Reading for Young People: The Great Plains.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of five annotated bibliographies that describe books about certain regions of the United States, this compilation focuses on books about the Great Plains. The stated purposes of these regional bibliographies are: (1) to introduce young people living in the subject region to books dealing with their cultural heritage, (2) to help young people

Laughlin, Mildred

109

Reading for Young People: The Midwest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of five annotated bibliographies that describe books about certain regions of the United States, this compilation focuses on books about the Midwest. The stated purposes of these regional bibliographies are: (1) to introduce young people living in the subject region to books dealing with their cultural heritage, (2) to help young people of…

Hinman, Dorothy; Zimmerman, Ruth

110

New England. Reading for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on readable books for young people about New England and on available materials around which to develop local history and social study units, this annotated bibliography addresses both the recreational reading interests and the research needs of young people. Titles are categorized according to: (1) literature type (fiction; folktales;…

McCauley, Elfrieda, Ed.

111

Physical Activity and Young People: Beyond Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quantitative literature on physical activity participation patterns leaves many questions about the place and significance of physical activity in the lives of young people unanswered. This paper begins to address this absence by attempting to understand physical activity from the point of view of young people and in relation to other aspects of their lives. It discusses interviews with

Jan Wright; Doune MacDonald; Lyndal Groom

2003-01-01

112

Effectiveness of interventions to improve the health and housing status of homeless people: a rapid systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Research on interventions to positively impact health and housing status of people who are homeless has received substantially increased attention over the past 5 years. This rapid review examines recent evidence regarding interventions that have been shown to improve the health of homeless people, with particular focus on the effect of these interventions on housing status. Methods A total of 1,546 articles were identified by a structured search of five electronic databases, a hand search of grey literature and relevant journals, and contact with experts. Two reviewers independently screened the first 10% of titles and abstracts for relevance. Inter-rater reliability was high and as a result only one reviewer screened the remaining titles and abstracts. Articles were included if they were published between January 2004 and December 2009 and examined the effectiveness of an intervention to improve the health or healthcare utilization of people who were homeless, marginally housed, or at risk of homelessness. Two reviewers independently scored all relevant articles for quality. Results Eighty-four relevant studies were identified; none were of strong quality while ten were rated of moderate quality. For homeless people with mental illness, provision of housing upon hospital discharge was effective in improving sustained housing. For homeless people with substance abuse issues or concurrent disorders, provision of housing was associated with decreased substance use, relapses from periods of substance abstinence, and health services utilization, and increased housing tenure. Abstinent dependent housing was more effective in supporting housing status, substance abstinence, and improved psychiatric outcomes than non-abstinence dependent housing or no housing. Provision of housing also improved health outcomes among homeless populations with HIV. Health promotion programs can decrease risk behaviours among homeless populations. Conclusions These studies provide important new evidence regarding interventions to improve health, housing status, and access to healthcare for homeless populations. The additional studies included in this current review provide further support for earlier evidence which found that coordinated treatment programs for homeless persons with concurrent mental illness and substance misuse issues usually result in better health and access to healthcare than usual care. This review also provides a synthesis of existing evidence regarding interventions that specifically support homeless populations with HIV. PMID:21831318

2011-01-01

113

A pilot of a tripartite prevention program for homeless young women in the transition to adulthood  

PubMed Central

Background Among young women who are impoverished and homeless, the transition to adulthood (ages 18 through 25) is associated with alcohol and drug (AOD) use, risky sexual activity, and increased risk of being victimized by intimate partner violence (IPV). Methods “The Power of YOU”, a program using motivational interviewing, was designed to address these problems. We tested the “Power of YOU” with 31 homeless women (ages 18 - 25) in seven focus groups. Women completed questionnaires assessing background characteristics and satisfaction at the end of each group. Each group was followed by a feedback session which was audiorecorded and transcribed. Key themes were identified. Results During a past-6 month period, 38.7% of women reported alcohol intoxication, 19.3% reported two to three male sex partners, and 22.2% reported major physical violence from a partner. Women expressed satisfaction and provided consistently positive feedback on the intervention, reporting, for example, that it was “helpful to know how to put a condom on” and that they appreciated the attention paid to safety planning. Conclusions Results from this pilot suggest that “The Power of YOU” may hold promise in helping homeless young women in the transition to adulthood make healthier choices and plan and prepare for high risk situations, and that the non-confrontational, non-judgmental approach of motivational interviewing appeared appropriate for this population. PMID:19345588

Wenzel, Suzanne L.; D'Amico, Elizabeth J.; Barnes, Dionne; Gilbert, Mary Lou

2009-01-01

114

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes Among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a history of poor parenting and negative outcomes including depression, delinquency, physical and sexual victimization, and substance use, are similar for these two groups. The sample consisted of 172 homeless young adults from the Midwestern United States. Multivariate results revealed that among those previously in foster care, a history of physical abuse and neglect were positively associated with more depressive symptoms whereas sexual abuse and neglect were related to delinquency and physical victimization. Additionally, lower caretaker monitoring was linked to greater delinquent participation. Among those without a history of foster care, physical abuse was related to more depressive symptoms whereas sexual abuse was positively correlated with delinquency, sexual victimization, and substance use. Furthermore, lower monitoring was related to more substance use. Our findings are discussed in terms of a social stress framework and we review the implications of foster care placement for homeless young adults. PMID:21243115

Melander, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

115

Psychosis and epilepsy in young people.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics of children and young people under 19 with both epilepsy and a psychotic state (schizophrenia-like psychotic episode, organic delusional disorder, or other brief psychotic episode). In total, the clinical case notes for 17 young people with these characteristics were identified retrospectively from three different sources. Compared with a group of young people with psychosis without epilepsy, children with epilepsy and psychosis more frequently had other neuropsychological problems like learning disability and autism. Both groups had a high rate of family histories of mental illness and social disability. Contrary to the findings in adults with psychosis and epilepsy, in this group of young people, psychosis was associated neither with temporal lobe epilepsy nor with mesial temporal sclerosis. The children with psychosis and epilepsy had a variety of seizure types and structural abnormalities. PMID:20580321

Lax Pericall, M T; Taylor, E

2010-08-01

116

Mentoring Young People Makes a Difference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the problems of youth at risk of not successfully making the transition to adulthood. It examines the concept of mentoring and discusses several existing and successful mentoring programs. It looks at mentoring as it relates to young people--teenagers, young adults, and also some "pre-teens." Chapter 1 presents an overview of…

Mosqueda, Patricia Flakus; Palaich, Robert

117

Reaching Children and Young People Through Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which contains selected papers given at the 1970 International Reading Association convention, is aimed at people who are looking for challenging material pertaining to literature for children and young people. It is divided into two sections. The first part--Qualities of Literature, Readers, and Writers in Action--contains a…

Painter, Helen W., Ed.

118

Recognizing the Needs of the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes reports and research on the homeless in the United States, presents findings of a survey of Red Cross chapters on services to the homeless, and describes programs for the homeless of selected Red Cross chapters. Section 1 discusses definitions of homelessness and methodologies used to count homeless people. The homeless are…

France, Joseph B.

119

Self-harm in young people.  

PubMed

Self-harm is a common problem among young people with many presenting to clinical services via general hospitals, but many more do not come to the attention of clinical services at all. Self-harm is strongly associated with completed suicide so it is extremely important that patients are assessed and treated for this problem effectively. Despite the scale of the problem in young people, there is a very limited evidence base on what interventions may help them to recover from self-harm. The evidence is discussed here and some recommendations are made about how to engage clinically with young people who self-harm from assessment to therapeutic intervention. PMID:25114299

Townsend, Ellen

2014-11-01

120

Tips for Young People. Talk and Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most young people look forward to the day when they can leave school or college behind and start work. If you are starting work for the first time, or even going on your first work placement, you are probably feeling pretty excited. There's a lot to learn, a lot of new people to meet--a chance to be more independent. But maybe you feel a bit…

Basic Skills Agency, 2012

2012-01-01

121

Delayed sleep onset in depressed young people  

PubMed Central

Background The circadian abnormality of delayed sleep phase has been suggested to characterise a subgroup of depressed young adults with different risk factors and course of illness. We aim to assess the prevalence and factors, particularly substance use, associated with such delay in a large help-seeking cohort of young people with mental health problems. Methods From a consecutively recruited sample of 802 help-seeking young people, 305 (38%) had at least moderate depressive symptoms (QIDS-C16 >10), sleep data and did not have a chronic severe mental illness. Demographic and clinical characteristics were evaluated through self report and clinical interview. Delayed sleep phase was defined as a sleep onset between the hours of 02:00 a.m. – 06:00 a.m. and the characteristics of this group were compared to normal phase sleepers. Results Delayed sleep onset was reported amongst 18% (n?=?56/305) of the depressed group compared to 11% of the non-depressed young people. Amongst the depressed group, delayed sleep onset was associated with tobacco, alcohol and cannabis misuse and short sleep duration (x?: 5.8 hrs vs. x?: 7.8 hrs). There were no differences in demographic factors, personality traits or symptoms. Tobacco smoking was very common: In logistic regression analyses only tobacco use (OR 2.28, 95% CI: 1.04 - 5.01) was associated with delayed sleep onset. There was no interaction with age. Conclusions Delayed sleep onset was twice as common in depressed young people as the general population and young people with other mental health problems, and is a potential marker for a subgroup of mood disorders. Those with delayed sleep onset were not more severely depressed but had short sleep duration, a risk for chronic psychological ill health, and higher levels of tobacco use. Nicotine use was common in this group, has biological evidence as a sleep disrupter, and requires specifically addressing in this population. PMID:24506941

2014-01-01

122

Impact of nursing intervention on improving HIV, hepatitis knowledge and mental health among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge and HBV and HCV knowledge at 6 months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group. PMID:22797748

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-04-01

123

The effect of victimization, mental health, and protective factors on crime and illicit drug use among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

Although research has found high rates of child maltreatment, widespread victimization, and other negative outcomes among homeless youth and young adults, resiliency among this population has largely been understudied. Specifically, a gap remains in terms of how protective factors such as self-efficacy, low deviant beliefs, and religiosity operate among homeless youth and young adults. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between various forms of victimization, mental health, and protective factors with property and violent crime and illicit drug use among homeless young adults. Results from regression analyses indicate that running away from home more frequently, experiencing more physical victimization on the street, higher levels of self-efficacy, and more deviant beliefs were associated with greater property crime. Significant correlates of violent crime included being male, running away from home more frequently, greater sexual and physical victimization on the street, higher levels of self-efficacy, and more deviant beliefs. Finally, being male, running away more frequently from home, greater child physical abuse and partner victimization, and more deviant beliefs were all associated with greater illicit drug use. Self-efficacy was positively related to both property and violent crime, suggesting that it may not operate for homeless young adults in the same manner as it does for normative populations. PMID:24834752

Tyler, Kimberly A; Kort-Butler, Lisa A; Swendener, Alexis

2014-01-01

124

Street careers: homelessness, drug use, and sex work among young men who have sex with men (YMSM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Hustling” or sex work is a common means of surviving on the streets and paying for drugs among homeless youth. In this article, we formulate the concepts of “street capital” and “street competencies” to describe how 10 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in New York City accumulated various knowledge and skills throughout their childhood and adolescence, and

Stephen E. Lankenau; Michael C. Clatts; Dorinda Welle; Lloyd A. Goldsamt; Marya Viost Gwadz

2005-01-01

125

Young People Speaking Back from the Margins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The diminished educational opportunities and subsequent life chances of many marginalized young people have been dramatic, even to the point of being catastrophic. But they are not hapless victims, nor are they passive recipients of deficit categories like "at riskness", placed upon them by the media, politicians, agencies, and some academics.…

Smyth, John

2010-01-01

126

Changing Images in Books for Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Literature for young people has changed greatly since Severzteeiztlz Suinrner and Fifreerz were published. Society has changed greatly, too, in the last few decades. Many modern books reflect society's involvement with drugs, sex, alcohol, and violence. Teenagers will read a great variety of stories and view different images of themselves and their times.

Helen W. Painter

1985-01-01

127

Dichotomized Metaphors and Young People's Educational Routes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from an ethnographically grounded longitudinal study on educational transitions, the aim of this article is to analyse young people's reflections about their educational choices at different ages. Consistencies and breaks in their plans and actual choices are explored and reflected in relation to the economic, social, cultural and…

Lahelma, Elina

2009-01-01

128

Sexting and Young People: Experts' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people's "sexting"--defined by the "Macquarie Dictionary Online" (2010) as the sending and receiving of sexually explicit images via mobile phones--has become a focus of much media reporting; however, research regarding the phenomenon is in its infancy. This paper reports on the first phase of a study to understand this activity more…

Walker, Shelley; Sanci, Lena; Temple-Smith, Meredith

2011-01-01

129

Young People's Experiences of Mental Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen in-depth interviews were conducted to explore young people's experiences of mental health care in Australia with the aim of informing the headspace National Youth Mental Health Foundation. The interviews revealed that significant numbers of respondents had been aware of their mental health problems for several years before seeking help and…

Cohen, Anjalee; Medlow, Sharon; Kelk, Norm; Hickie, Ian; Whitwell, Bradley

2009-01-01

130

Missing: Children and Young People with SEBD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the issue of missing from and missing out on education. It argues that too little is known with regard to the characteristics of children and young people missing from schooling. It postulates that many of these pupils will have social, emotional and behavioural difficulties which are largely unrecognized and thus not…

Visser, John; Daniels, Harry; Macnab, Natasha

2005-01-01

131

Music for Engaging Young People in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two music programs were developed specifically to meet therapeutic objectives for newly arrived immigrant and refugee students and for adolescent boys in a residential care facility. The author's observations justify further research to establish whether music can support and nurture the social, physical and mental wellbeing of young people,…

Cheong-Clinch, Carmen

2009-01-01

132

Videogames and Young People With Developmental Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people with developmental disorders experience difficulties with many cognitive and perceptual tasks, and often suffer social impairments. Yet, like typical youth, many appear to enjoy playing videogames. This review considers the appeal of videogames to individuals with autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and specific language impairment. It examines how they respond to the various challenges that play

Kevin Durkin

2010-01-01

133

Marijuana: Implications of Use by Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses survey and interview data and recent findings to consider the marijuana problem in the following areas: marijuana use at an early age and for negative reasons; drug effects leading to learning impairment and school behavior problems; young people lacking accurate information; and usage leading to other drug use. (Author/RC)

Lamanna, Michael

1981-01-01

134

How General Practitioners Determine Young People's Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, 300 doctors in Victoria were asked to make decisions about a hypothetical patient's competence and confidentiality. It appears that assumptions embedded in relevant law, the vague nature of existing legal criteria and the diversity in assessment practices all have the potential to act as obstacles to young people's claim to…

Bartholomew, Terence

2009-01-01

135

Young people's heroes in Ireland and Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital culture is becoming increasingly global and accessible. It is important to see how participation in the European Union (EU) global economic culture is changing young people's self-images. Representations of heroic figures in questionnaires given to Irish (n = 239) and Slovenian (n = 389) samples of 15-year-olds were examined to assess the extent to which heroes originated in film

Hugh Gash; Barbara Bajd

136

Humor: A Critical Analysis for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of the "Teaching Young People to be Critical Series," this booklet defines and analyzes humor for children in light of theories of philosophers Ludwig Wittenstein and John Dewey. Intended for individual or small group work, the objectives are threefold: reading improvement, reading enjoyment, and student involvement in making the leap from…

Shibles, Warren

137

Young People, Schools, Sport and Government Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the policies and assumptions in Sport: Raising the Game, with the findings of three recent national surveys. These show, contrary to the assumptions in the government policy statement, that England's schools have been increasing, not cutting back on their sports teaching and facilities, and that young people are now playing more sport in and out of school

Kenneth Roberts

1996-01-01

138

African-American Literature for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of African-American literature for young people. Describes the setbacks resulting from cutbacks of federal funds for schools and libraries, as publishers cut back on materials they did not consider marketable. Suggests bibliographic resources for discovering works for children by or about African Americans. (DK)

Drew, Margaret A.

1992-01-01

139

The Economic Education of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the economic conditions that are new to Russia, young people are subjected to the influence of many factors. On the one hand, they are compelled to put up opposition to the economic system, while on the other hand they are compelled to be actively involved in it. In either case they have to solve the problem of how to survive in the system.…

Prutchenkov, A.; Teriukova, T.

2010-01-01

140

Young people's help-seeking for mental health problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarises an ambitious research agenda aiming to uncover the factors that affect help-seeking among young people for mental health problems. The research set out to consider why young people, and particularly young males, do not seek help when they are in psychological distress or suicidal; how professional services be made more accessible and attractive to young people; the

Debra Rickwood; Frank P. Deane; Coralie J. Wilson; Joseph Ciarrochi

2005-01-01

141

Modeling minority stress effects on homelessness and health disparities among young men who have sex with men.  

PubMed

Sexual minority youth are more likely to experience homelessness, and homeless sexual minority youth report greater risk for mental health and substance abuse symptoms than homeless heterosexual youth, yet few studies have assessed determinants that help explain the disparities. Minority stress theory proposes that physical and mental health disparities among sexual minority populations may be explained by the stress produced by living in heterosexist social environments characterized by stigma and discrimination directed toward sexual minority persons. We used data from a sample of 200 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) (38 % African American, 26.5 % Latino/Hispanic, 23.5 % White, 12 % multiracial/other) to develop an exploratory path model measuring the effects of experience and internalization of sexual orientation stigma on depression and substance use via being kicked out of home due to sexual orientation and current homelessness. Direct significant paths were found from experience of sexual orientation-related stigma to internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma, having been kicked out of one's home, experiencing homelessness during the past year, and major depressive symptoms during the past week. Having been kicked out of one's home had a direct significant effect on experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months and on daily marijuana use. Internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma and experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months partially mediated the direct effect of experience of sexual orientation-related stigma on major depressive symptoms. Our empirical testing of the effects of minority stress on health of YMSM advances minority stress theory as a framework for investigating health disparities among this population. PMID:24807702

Bruce, Douglas; Stall, Ron; Fata, Aimee; Campbell, Richard T

2014-06-01

142

Homelessness: A General Information Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains documents that provide general information about homelessness and the need for both Federal and local action to help the homeless people in America. Sections 1 and 2 contain the following articles released by the Homelessness Information Exchange: (1) "The Problem of Homelessness Nationwide"; and "Alternative Family Housing…

Homelessness Exchange, Washington, DC.

143

Premarital Sexuality Among Young People, 1973  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This latest offering from the Data and Program Library Service (DPLS) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison provides data from interviews with over 1,300 single college and non-student young people. "Information was collected on the social aspects of premarital sexuality, current sexual behavior, and contraceptive knowledge and use." Users can view the survey code books in .pdf format and, after free registration, download the data in .tar or .zip formats. Downloading guidelines are provided.

144

Alcohol advertising and young people's drinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate relationships between reported alcohol consumption and exposure to alcohol advertising. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey of young people (17-21 years) was carried out in which they were questioned about their alcohol consumption habits, types of alcohol they consume, exposure to alcohol advertising, and a range of other factors linked to drinking (e.g. parental and

Barrie Gunter; Anders Hansen; Maria Touri

2009-01-01

145

Involving young people in neighborhood development  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are some ways to involve young people in the decisions that affect their lives at the neighborhood level? This paper distinguishes among five types of involvement—citizen action, youth action, youth development, neighborhood development, and neighborhood-based youth initiatives—and examines some of their promise and practice. It draws upon a national study of exemplary community youth programs and other studies of

Barry Checkoway

1998-01-01

146

Undertaking Qualitative Research amongst Homeless Populations in the UK - Contrasting Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is in three parts. The first part briefly discusses the impact of qualitative methods on homelessness research in the UK. The second describes a particular ten-year research programme into the family background of homeless young people and discusses the relationship between qualitative research and quantitative research in this programme. The third part describes an alternative approach to researching

Joan Smith; Megan Ravenhill

147

Pathways In and Out of Substance Use among Homeless-Emerging Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although high rates of alcohol and drug use have been found among homeless young people, less is known about who is responsible for their initiation, the reasons for their continued use, and why some individuals eventually transition out of using whereas others do not. Based on qualitative interviews with 40 homeless individuals 19 to 21 years of…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Johnson, Katherine A.

2006-01-01

148

Perpetrators of early physical and sexual abuse among homeless and runaway adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine abuse specific variables among homeless and runaway adolescents and to look at perpetrators of childhood abuse.Method: A total of 372 homeless and runaway adolescents were interviewed using a systematic sampling strategy in metropolitan Seattle. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers in youth service agencies.Results: Approximately one-half of these young people

Kimberly A Tyler; Ana Mari Cauce

2002-01-01

149

Vulnerability and resiliency to suicidal behaviours in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. We aimed to examine factors that influence vulnerability\\/resiliency of depressed young people to suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. Method. Data were gathered during a 21-year longitudinal study of a birth cohort of 1265 New Zealand young people. Measures included : suicide attempt ; suicidal ideation; major depression ; childhood, family, individual and peer factors. Results. Young people who developed

D. M. FERGUSSON; A. L. BEAUTRAIS; L. J. HORWOOD

2003-01-01

150

‘Invisible’ young people: The paradox of participation in research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers argue that many young people are marginalized or excluded from today's consumer society and invisible to many official agencies and community services. Researchers have also more recently begun to extol the principles of involving young people in their work. Through liaison with one key support agency in the North East of England, six young people aged between 17 and

C. Campbell; J. Trotter

2007-01-01

151

Young people's uses of celebrity: class, gender and ‘improper’ celebrity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we explore the question of how celebrity operates in young people's everyday lives, thus contributing to the urgent need to address celebrity's social function. Drawing on data from three studies in England on young people's perspectives on their educational and work futures, we show how celebrity operates as a classed and gendered discursive device within young people's

Kim Allen; Heather Mendick

2012-01-01

152

Sixth Sense: The Disabled Children and Young People's Participation Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disabled Children and Young Peoples Participation Project (DCYPPP) was established by Barnardos (Northern Ireland) in 2002 to explore ways of involving children and young people with disabilities in decision-making processes within Children's Services Planning of the Health and Social Services Board. Over 200 young people have participated in…

Murray, Rosemary

2012-01-01

153

Young People's Wellbeing: Contradictions in Managing the Healthy Self  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the contradictions and complexities of young people's management of their health and wellbeing. It argues that it is important to understand how young people actively produce health outcomes, drawing substantially on themes developed in my recent book on young people and wellbeing (Wyn, 2009). The background to this…

Wyn, Johanna

2009-01-01

154

Civic-Mindedness, Patriotism, and the Upbringing of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of the position of "young people" as a subject of social partnership during the period of the transformation of Russian society can be characterized by the relationship of young people with work, politics, education, and the state. The authors surveys of young people during the 1990s in the Tiumen Region provide evidence of…

Gavriliuk, V. V.; Malenkov, V. V.

2008-01-01

155

Developing a "Productive" Account of Young People's Transition Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on the first two years of a longitudinal study of young people's pathway and career-related experiences and perspectives. It argues for a richer conceptualisation of young people's transition to study, training and employment than what simple school-to-labour market models allow. We present four clusters of young people's…

Vaughan, Karen; Roberts, Josie

2007-01-01

156

Asymptomatic Mycoplasma genitalium infection amongst marginalised young people accessing a youth health service in Melbourne.  

PubMed

We conducted a study to establish the prevalence of Mycoplasma genitalium amongst asymptomatic young people experiencing homelessness in the context of comprehensive health care delivery. All asymptomatic young people at risk of sexually transmitted infections were offered urinary polymerase chain reaction testing for M. genitalium whilst being tested for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae over a four-month period in 2012. Those who tested positive were notified of the infection and offered treatment. Sixty asymptomatic young people (36 female and 24 male) were tested for M. genitalium, identifying eight cases (13%) (six female and two male). Ten young people (17%) tested positive for C. trachomatis, three (5%) of whom were positive for both M. genitalium and C. trachomatis. There were no cases of N. gonorrhoeae. Of the eight cases of M. genitalium, seven were contactable and five were treated at our clinic with azithromycin 1 g stat. Two of the five returned after a month for a test of cure, identifying one resistant infection. Further data on the epidemiology of M. genitalium are required before testing recommendations can be made; however, consideration should be given to testing for M. genitalium in settings where other sexually transmitted infections are prevalent. PMID:24026408

Henning, Dorothy; Eade, Donna; Langstone, Alison; Bean-Hodges, Alison; Marceglia, Alexandra; Azzopardi, Peter

2014-03-01

157

Supporting Homeless Youth: Perspectives and Preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness among adolescents and young adults is a growing concern in Canada and other countries, yet little is known about their support needs and support intervention preferences from the perspectives of homeless youth or youth at risk of homelessness. The authors assessed these needs and preferences through individual and group interviews with homeless adolescents and young adults (n = 35)

Miriam Stewart; Linda Reutter; Nicole Letourneau; Edward Makwarimba; Krista Hungler

2010-01-01

158

Current Statistics on the Prevalence and Characteristics of People Experiencing Homelessness in the United States  

MedlinePLUS

... 89(9):1406-1409. LXI. Van Leeuwen, J., Boyle, S., Salomonsen-Sautel, S., Baker, D., Garcia, J., Hoffman, A. ... veterans. The sixteenth annual progress report on public law 105-114. Services for homeless veterans assessment and ...

159

Narratives of identity: re-presentation of self in people who are homeless.  

PubMed

The problem of homelessness is a pressing social and health concern ascribed to the interaction between personal, social, economic, and service system resources. The article is based on a qualitative study of the experiences of 29 homeless individuals. In-depth interviews were conducted with single adult shelter users. Analysis revealed the self to be a process that was continually developing. Participants tacitly locate their self-concepts in the past, present, and future. These time frames reflect the form and content of self. They also reveal hopes, dreams, beliefs, and understandings about self. The ways in which homelessness discredits notions of self and personal identity, and the hierarchy of identify with which homeless individuals use to cope are also examined. PMID:10724750

Boydell, K M; Goering, P; Morrell-Bellai, T L

2000-01-01

160

An exploration of subjective wellbeing among people experiencing homelessness: a strengths-based approach.  

PubMed

Negative perceptions of homelessness contribute to deficit models of practice, false notions of homogeneity, and marginalization. Wellbeing is a state of satisfaction with material, social, and human aspects of life and can be measured both objectively and subjectively. The study explored the meaning and experience of wellbeing in the everyday lives of 20 homeless participants through fieldwork and interviews. This study revealed that health contributed little to their overall perception of wellbeing. Keeping safe, being positive and feeling good, connecting with others, and the ability to participate in "normal" life were the key contributors of subjective wellbeing. The authors demonstrate that social exclusion experienced in homelessness has a negative effect on subjective wellbeing. Services that provide opportunities to experience social inclusion and develop community and cultural connections will improve the wellbeing of homeless persons. PMID:23078011

Thomas, Yvonne; Gray, Marion A; McGinty, Sue

2012-01-01

161

Gendered embodiment and survival for young people with cystic fibrosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of improvements in both longevity and the quality of life for people with chronic disease, this paper takes as its sense of problem the differential life expectancy for young men as against young women suffering from cystic fibrosis. From a qualitative study of the transition to adulthood for young people with the disease, a theory of gendered

Evan Willis; Rosemary Miller; Johanna Wyn

2001-01-01

162

Exploring Health Priorities for Young People Leaving Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Care-leavers are considered amongst the most vulnerable and disadvantaged group of young people with worse health outcomes than their peers. However, there is limited evidence to suggest how this can be improved, particularly from the perspective of the young people themselves. The aim of this study was to explore the health priorities of young

Matthews, Susan; Sykes, Susie

2012-01-01

163

Exploring Young People's Beliefs and Images about Sun Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand young people's low levels of sun protection behaviour, 145 young people (aged 12 to 20 years) were recruited from Queensland, to participate in a one-hour focus group where they discussed issues related to sun protection and images of tanned and non-tanned people. Responses were content analysed to identify common sun protection…

White, K. M.; Robinson, N. G.; Young, R. McD.; Anderson, P. J.; Hyde, M. K.; Greenbank, S.; Keane, J.; Rolfe, T.; Vardon, P.; Baskerville, D.

2008-01-01

164

Correlates of Hepatitis B Virus and HIV Knowledge among Gay and Bisexual Homeless Young Adults in Hollywood  

PubMed Central

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) young men have multiple risk factors which increase their risk of contracting hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This study used baseline information from structured instruments to assess correlates of knowledge to HIV and HBV infection from a 267 young (18–39 year old) gay/bisexual (G/B) active methamphetamine, cocaine and crack-using homeless men enrolled in a longitudinal trial. The study is designed to reduce drug use and improve knowledge of hepatitis and HIV/AIDS in a community center in Hollywood California. Regression modeling revealed that previous hepatitis education delivered to G/B men was associated with higher levels of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis knowledge. Moreover, higher HIV/AIDS knowledge was associated with combining sex and drinking alcohol. Associations with hepatitis B knowledge was found among G/B men who were engaging in sex while under the influence of marijuana, who were receiving support from non-drug users, and who had been homeless in the last four months. While being informed about HIV/AIDS and hepatitis did not preclude risky sexual and drug use behavior, knowledge about the dangers of concurrent sex with substance use is important. As higher levels of knowledge of hepatitis was associated with more moderate drug use, early access to testing and teaching harm reduction strategies remains critical to reduce exposure and infection of HBV and HIV in this population. PMID:22879650

Nyamathi, Adeline; Salem, Benissa; Reback, Cathy J.; Shoptaw, Steven; Branson, Catherine M.; Idemundia, Faith E.; Kennedy, Barbara; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Liu, Yihang

2013-01-01

165

The New Homelessness Revisited  

PubMed Central

The ‘new homelessness’ has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Contributions by sociologists and other social scientists since the mid-1990s differentiate among types of homelessness, provide credible demographic estimates, and show how being homeless affects a person's life chances and coping strategies. Agreement also exists about the main macro- and micro-level causes of homelessness. Active lines of inquiry examine public, media, and governmental responses to the problem as well as homeless people's efforts to mobilize on their own behalf. Despite the obstacles faced when studying a stigmatized population marked by high turnover and weak anchors to place, recent investigations have significantly influenced homelessness policy. A greater emphasis on prevention should further strengthen the research-policy nexus. PMID:24910495

Lee, Barrett A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.; Wright, James D.

2014-01-01

166

Cardiolocomotor Coupling in Young and Elderly People  

PubMed Central

Background Walking is a complex act that requires the coordination of locomotor, cardiovascular, and autonomic systems. Aging affects each of these systems and may alter physiological mechanisms regulating the interactions between them. Methods We examined the effects of healthy aging on cardiac–locomotor coupling using treadmill walking at incremental speeds from 0.8 mph to normal walking speed in 12 healthy young (29.0 ± 5.0 years) and 9 healthy elderly persons (70.3 ± 5.1 years). interbeat (R-R) intervals, step intervals, maximum foot pressure (MFP) and normalized maximum force, blood pressure (BP), and blood flow velocity (BFV) in the middle cerebral artery were continuously measured. Results Step intervals and R-R intervals decreased, and MFP and BFV increased with walking speed in both groups; systolic BP increased (p < .0001) in the old group. In elderly, but not in young participants, step intervals and R-R intervals were coupled (R2 = 0.84, p < .0001), and MFP was correlated with systolic BP (R2 = 0.51, p < .02). Conclusion Cardiolocomotor coupling that becomes manifest with aging may optimize cardiovascular responses during walking. In elderly people, forces generated during the gait cycle may be transmitted to arterial pressure and thus synchronize the central cardiovascular network with the stepping rhythm. PMID:17301044

Novak, Vera; Hu, Kun; Vyas, Mitul; Lipsitz, Lewis A.

2008-01-01

167

Young people, parents and radical right voting. The Case of the Swiss People’s Party  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly found that young people tend to adopt the political party choice of their parents. However, far less is known about the applicability of this theory when investigating radical right support. Using the Swiss Household panel data (1999–2007), this study empirically identifies the relationship between parents’ preference for the Swiss radical right party SVP and their attitudes toward

Hilde Coffé; Marieke Voorpostel

2010-01-01

168

The Theater Workshop Project: Experiences in Enhancing the Literacy of Homeless People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents excerpts from the author's diary describing the experiences encountered while conducting the Theater Workshop Project, a project designed for enhancing the literacy of homeless mothers and children. The project's objectives and techniques are to: (1) use storytelling in the shelters as an entertaining vehicle to begin to build…

Micari, Susan

169

Exploring Homeless People's Use of Outreach Services: Applying a Social Psychological Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of critiques have been published drawing attention to the gaps in research methods applied to issues surrounding homelessness and service utilisation in Britain. This paper discusses the use of social identity, a theory drawn from the field of applied social psychology, and synthesises it with the pathways model, thereby providing a framework to further explore service utilisation. The

Julie Christian; David Clapham; Dominic Abrams

2011-01-01

170

Design and analysis of a health care clinic for homeless people using simulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Improving quality of care is important in health care management. For health care clinics, reducing patient waiting time and improving throughput with efficient utilization of the workforce are important issues to achieve better quality of care. This paper seeks to introduce a simulation study on design and analysis of a health clinic for homeless patients in Lexington, Kentucky,

Jared Reynolds; Zhen Zeng; Jingshan Li; Shu-Yin Chiang

2010-01-01

171

The effectiveness of critical time intervention for abused women and homeless people leaving Dutch shelters: study protocol of two randomised controlled trials  

PubMed Central

Background One of the main priorities of Dutch organisations providing shelter services is to develop evidence-based interventions in the care for abused women and homeless people. To date, most of these organisations have not used specific intervention models and the interventions which have been implemented rarely have an empirical and theoretical foundation. The present studies aim to examine the effectiveness of critical time intervention (CTI) for abused women and homeless people. Methods In two multi-centre randomised controlled trials we investigate whether CTI, a time-limited (nine month) outreach intervention, is more effective than care-as-usual for abused women and homeless people making the transition from shelter facilities to supported or independent housing. Participants were recruited in 19 women’s shelter facilities and 22 homeless shelter facilities across The Netherlands and randomly allocated to the intervention group (CTI) or the control group (care-as-usual). They were interviewed four times in nine months: once before leaving the shelter, and then at three, six and nine months after leaving the shelter. Quality of life (primary outcome for abused women) and recurrent loss of housing (primary outcome for homeless people) as well as secondary outcomes (e.g. care needs, self-esteem, loneliness, social support, substance use, psychological distress and service use) were assessed during the interviews. In addition, the model integrity of CTI was investigated during the data collection period. Discussion Based on international research CTI is expected to be an appropriate intervention for clients making the transition from institutional to community living. If CTI proves to be effective for abused women and homeless people, shelter services could include this case management model in their professional standards and improve the (quality of) services for clients. Trial registration NTR3463 and NTR3425

2013-01-01

172

Homeless, Not Hopeless: Ensuring Educational Opportunity for America's Homeless Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This position document is introduced by a fact sheet that lists the numbers of homeless people and the appropriations for various programs that assist homeless people. The executive summary discusses: (1) the plight of homeless children; (2) the passage of the McKinney Homeless Assistance Amendments of 1990 by the U.S. Congress; (3) services…

Johnson, Joseph F., Jr., Ed.; Wand, Barbara, Ed.

173

Social inclusion of Young Marginalised People through online mobile communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth exclusion is widespread and increasing across Europe. Information and communication technology (ICT) has the potential to serve as a gateway to social inclusion. However, computer and internet access of marginalised young people are limited. Alternative methods to approach them through ICT are needed. The interdisciplinary project ComeIn (Online Mobile Communities to facilitate the Social Inclusion of Young Marginalised People

Ilse Marschalek; Elisabeth Unterfrauner; Claudia Magdalena Fabian

2009-01-01

174

Representing Young Peoples Sexuality in the "Youth" Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports findings from a content analysis of the main messages about sexuality in media outlets consumed by young people. It examines how sexuality is represented and the level of sexual health information provided in some UK magazines and TV programmes targeted at young people. Our findings show that such outlets included a vast range…

Batchelor, S. A.; Kitzinger, J.; Burtney, E.

2004-01-01

175

Leadership and Outsidership among the Young People of a Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of the status of young people in today's Russia is being discussed vigorously in society, in the sciences, and in the mass media. It would be hard to dispute the thesis that today's young people differ a great deal in terms of their status and role in society, their educational and cultural levels, their worldview, their tastes and…

Babintsev, V. P.; Boiarinova, I. V.; Reutov, E. V.

2008-01-01

176

Young People's Views about Their Involvement in Decision-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on research conducted over a two-year period in a large Educational Psychology Service (EPS) in England. Researchers were keen to ascertain the views of young people and EPS members about young people being directly involved in educational decision-making and how their "genuine" involvement in such decision-making might be best…

Aston, Hermione J.; Lambert, Nathan

2010-01-01

177

Two Studies on Unemployment Among Educated Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These studies concentrate on unemployment among educated young people in Western Europe and Africa. The first study focuses on unemployment among educated young people in the developed market-economy countries. In seeking to outline problems relating to youth unemployment, the study first attempts to define unemployment. An analysis is then made…

Morio, Simone; Zoctizoum, Yarrise

178

Cognitive Appraisals in Young People with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A number of cognitive appraisals have been identified as important in the manifestation of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in adults. There have, however, been few attempts to explore these cognitive appraisals in clinical groups of young people. Method: This study compared young people aged between 11 and 18 years with OCD (N =…

Libby, Sarah; Reynolds, Shirley; Derisley, Jo; Clark, Sarah

2004-01-01

179

Young People's Perspectives on Health: Empowerment, or Risk?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Research to date has identified young people's perspectives on a number of health-related topics such as smoking, alcohol, sexual health, physical activity and healthy eating. Whilst this body of research draws important attention towards young people's views on topical health concerns, it arguably remains located within a pre-defined…

Spencer, Grace

2013-01-01

180

"Participatory Parity", Young People and Policy in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last three decades have witnessed significant changes in the social and economic context of young people's lives. There is increasing evidence that for young people growing up in the UK, this is fuelling a disparity between those with resources and those without. What this means in terms of social justice, however, is difficult to…

Mackie, Alan; Tett, Lyn

2013-01-01

181

The Values and Attitudes of Russia's Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous surveys by the Russian Center for Public-Opinion Research [VTsIOM] have shown that young people, in contrast to members of the middle and, especially, the older generations, typically have a high degree of satisfaction with their lives: more than three-fifths of young people (66 percent) are satisfied, just over one-quarter (27 percent)…

Zorkaia, Nataliia; Diuk, Nadia M.

2005-01-01

182

Socio-Demographic Vulnerability: The Condition of Italian Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For a kind of inertia effect, today the Italian welfare state protects the older too much and, on the contrary, it does not counter sufficiently the new risks associated with other phases of life. Not much seems to be implemented in favour of Italian young people who, as a matter of fact, seem to suffer a lot from the present changes: young people

Busetta, A.; Milito, A. M.

2010-01-01

183

A Study of Young Lesbian and Gay People's School Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This retrospective study used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to explore young lesbian and gay (LG) people's experiences of school in relation to their sexuality and their perceptions of how schools could be inclusive for young LG people. Participants were in the age range of 16 to 21 and provided insights into coping strategies,…

Robinson, Kathryn

2010-01-01

184

Representing young people's sexuality in the 'youth' media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports findings from a content analysis of the main messages about sexuality in media outlets consumed by young people. It examines how sexuality is represented and the level of sexual health information provided in some UK magazines and TV programmes targeted at young people. Our findings show that such outlets included a vast range of useful discussion including

S. A. Batchelor; J. Kitzinger; E. Burtney

2004-01-01

185

Productions of space: civic participation of young people at university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civic participation of young people around the world is routinely described in deficit terms, as they are labelled apathetic, devoid of political knowledge, disengaged from the community and self?absorbed. This paper argues that the connectivity of time, space and social values are integral to understanding the performances of young people as civic subjects. Today’s youth negotiate unstable social, economic and

Mary Ryan

2011-01-01

186

Productions of space: civic participation of young people at university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civic participation of young people around the world is routinely described in deficit terms, as they are labelled apathetic, devoid of political knowledge, disengaged from the community and self?absorbed. This paper argues that the connectivity of time, space and social values are integral to understanding the performances of young people as civic subjects. Today’s youth negotiate unstable social, economic and

Mary Ryan

2010-01-01

187

Young People and Democratic Rights, Discrimination and Disadvantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Youth Electoral Study (YES) examines why ,many young people (ages 15-25) are reluctant to exercise their democratic right of suffrage. YES considers the Australian context, however low youth turnout has beeni dentifiedas a concern inm anyot herdem ocratic nations. YES methodology includes focus groups conducted with a broad range of young people and a written survey distributed to

Kathy Edwards

188

Dancing beyond Exercise: Young People's Experiences in Dance Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dance classes in urban settings may have a role in health-promotion programmes seeking to increase physical activity amongst young people. However, little is so far known about the motivations, experiences or health outcomes of those participating in dance classes. This qualitative study of young people attending recreational dance classes…

Gardner, Sally May; Komesaroff, Paul; Fensham, Rachel

2008-01-01

189

Young Dutch People's Experiences of Trading Sex: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the subject of transactional sex among young Dutch people has generated a heated social debate in the Netherlands. However, accurate data on this phenomenon are scarce. This article describes the findings of a qualitative study on young Dutch people's experiences of having sex in return for money or a material reward. Thirty in-depth interviews were conducted with

Robert van de Walle; Charles Picavet; Willy van Berlo; Arnoud Verhoeff

2011-01-01

190

Perceptions of sex education for young people in Lesotho  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to identify the views of young people, parents and teachers concerning sex education in Lesotho. It was conducted at a time when the national government was considering the introduction of Population and Family Life Education, which includes sex education, into the national school curriculum. Forty?six focus group discussions were held with young people (10), parents (30) and

Akim J. Mturi; Monique M. Hennink

2005-01-01

191

Sexual perceptions and practices of young people in Northern Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study draws together survey and qualitative data on sexual practices among more than 1750 young Northern Thai people aged 17–20 years. The survey data indicate that sexually active young people frequently engage in, or are subjected to, risk-taking behaviours that may expose them to sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. These include having multiple sexual partners and quite frequent

Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul; Gordon Carmichael; Cathy Banwell; Iwu Dwisetyani Utomo; Adrian Sleigh

2011-01-01

192

Productions of Space: Civic Participation of Young People at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Civic participation of young people around the world is routinely described in deficit terms, as they are labelled apathetic, devoid of political knowledge, disengaged from the community and self-absorbed. This paper argues that the connectivity of time, space and social values are integral to understanding the performances of young people as…

Ryan, Mary

2011-01-01

193

Mobile Phone Use as Part of Young People's Consumption Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on an empirical study of the connection between consumption patterns and mobile phone use. The data stem from a survey of Finnish young people aged 16–20. The results indicate that young people's relationship to the mobile phone is consistent with their general consumption styles. An \\

Terhi-Anna Wilska

2003-01-01

194

Young People and Alcohol in Italy: An Evolving Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Italy, commonly held opinions and interpretations about the relationship between young people and alcohol are often expressed as generalizations and approximations. In order to further understanding of the relationship between young people and alcohol in contemporary Italy, we have gathered, compared and discussed all the available data, both…

Beccaria, Franca; Prina, Franco

2010-01-01

195

Young People's "Agency" in Sexuality Research Using Visual Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to explore how we might understand young people's agency in sexuality research using visual methods. It is concerned with troubling the perception that power is held by the adult researcher and denied to youthful participants who simply submit to their authority. Rather than attempting to cast moments of young people's agency as…

Allen, Louisa

2008-01-01

196

A Social Portrait of Young People in Today's Kazakhstan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The social development of young people is a single, continuous process, the objective of which is for young people to absorb the social experience accumulated by preceding generations and to renovate that experience in qualitative ways and transmit it to future generations. In as much as it is a component of more general processes of the reforming…

Eshpanova, D. D.; Nysanbaev, A. N.

2006-01-01

197

Use of the internet and traditional media among young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the use of traditional media as well as the internet among young people in Hong Kong. With the fast development of the internet, the use of interpersonal as well as computer-mediated communication has changed greatly. A study of how young people use traditional and new media is crucial as it

Kara Chan; Wei Fang

2007-01-01

198

How should activity guidelines for young people be operationalised?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: If guidelines regarding recommended activity levels for young people are to be meaningful and comparable, it should be clear how they are operationalised. It is usually open to interpretation whether young people are required to meet activity and screen time targets (1) all days of the week, (2) on most days of the week, (3) on average across all

Tim Olds; Kate Ridley; Melissa Wake; Kylie Hesketh; Elizabeth Waters; George Patton; Joanne Williams

2007-01-01

199

Young People, Pornography, and Sexuality: Sources and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of and attitudes among young people toward pornography and their sources of information about sexuality. Eight hundred and seventy-six young people ages 15-25 years (555 females and 321 males) who visited a youth center in Sweden for a period of 1 year answered a questionnaire about their use of…

Wallmyr, Gudrun; Welin, Catharina

2006-01-01

200

The sexual scripts of Kenyan young people and HIV prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scripting of sexual encounters among young people in Kenyan is described using results of 28 focus group discussions conducted with young people attending primary school standard 7, from four different ethnic groups and living in 22 different communities. Sexual encounters were described as both mundane and inevitable and followed a predetermined scripted sequence of events and interactions in which

Melanie Gallant; Dan Holland; Karen Metcalfe; Janet Wildish; Mary Gichuru

2005-01-01

201

The Value Priorities of Young People in the Siberian Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the implications of the survey results involving young people in the Siberian Region on their value priorities. In the process of their socialization, special importance attaches to the problem of the value priorities of young people. Among these, in the authors opinion, it is possible to single out both spiritual and moral…

Orlova, V. V.

2010-01-01

202

Lifestyle, identity and young people's experiences of mountain biking  

E-print Network

that, for young people, experiencing the natural environment may hold multiple benefits for well at increasing participation in sport and physical activity at Bedgebury Forest in Kent, with a particular emphasis on young people as a key target group. Mountain biking, as a popular youth sport that often occurs

203

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural young people in today's Russia have the ability to contribute to Russia's development, but conditions in the Russian countryside do not provide opportunities for them to do so. Potentially, rural young people represent an innovative resource of social, economic, and cultural development, a vital factor of the material and intellectual…

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2012-01-01

204

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on rural youth in Russia shows that keeping qualified and ambitious young people in the rural economy will require creating conditions for young people to exercise initiative in the rural economy and diminishing the gap in quality of life between rural and urban environments. Only in this way can the pessimism of rural youth be overcome.

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2013-01-01

205

Civil society responses to homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how faith-based organisations in South Africa respond to homelessness, using research performed in 2005 with 12 religious organisations that provide services to homeless people in Johannesburg and Pretoria. It describes the organisations' histories, funding schemes and relationships with other organisations, and considers the complexities of defining homelessness. The background to the study was broader and more in-depth

Diana Sanchez

2010-01-01

206

The Homeless Mentally Ill: Myths and Realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This literature review summarises the historical background of homelessness. It suggests that the current view of homeless people as chronic mentally ill is the latest phase in a series of the different ways in which society has perceived and labelled the homeless. We have argued that homelessness is a product of the lack of housing provision to the poorest section

Walid Abdul Hamid; Til Wykes; Stephen Stansfeld

1993-01-01

207

SPRING 2004 the Homeless  

E-print Network

TrumanScholarship,establishedbytheUnitedStatesCongressin1975asamemo- rialtoHarryS.Truman.Witha$26SPRING 2004 Hope for the Homeless U of M Alumni Making a Difference #12;Above: Spring and all its play key roles in getting homeless people back on track as Memphis and Shelby County push to end

Dasgupta, Dipankar

208

Homeless service Utilization report  

E-print Network

Utilization Report to present a data-based perspective on the state's homeless people. Since 2006, there has been a significant increase in funds and facilities for the homeless: 601 new units of transitional the state's current inventory to a total of 1,188 units and 785 beds. Moreover, 110 new beds on Maui and 24

209

Is the Care We Provide Homeless People, Just? The Ethic of Justice Informing the Ethic of Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scant homeless research has articulated the homeless individual's experience from the perspective of his privileged access. Ethnographic research was conducted in a large southwest metropolitan city. Facilitated through several weeks of informal observation, it was through 15 weeks of formal interviews that privileged data were gathered by riding with the Service of Emergency Aid and Research Center for the Homeless

Marilyn Reitz-Pustejovsky

2002-01-01

210

Correlates of service utilization among homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Though few studies exist on service utilization among homeless youth in the U.S., services are important because without them, many of these young people may resort to delinquent strategies in order to meet their daily survival needs. The current study examines frequency and correlates of service utilization (i.e., shelters, food programs, street outreach, counseling, STI and HIV testing) among a sample of 249 homeless youth ages 14 to 21. Multivariate analysis revealed significant differences in service usage by sex, age, and sexual orientation. Experiencing family physical and/or sexual abuse, being kicked out of the family home, spending more nights per week sleeping on the street, and having ever stayed in a group home facility were significant correlates of homeless youths’ service usage. PMID:24496226

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Akinyemi, Sarah L.; Kort-Butler, Lisa A.

2013-01-01

211

Young People’s Voices on Child Trafficking: Experiences from South Eastern Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mindful of the important contribution that young people can make to our understanding of the issues that concern them, in 2005 and 2006 UNICEF arranged for children and young people who had been trafficked while under 18 years of age, to be interviewed in their home countries. Interviews were conducted in Albania, Kosovo, Moldova and Romania. Each of the children

Mike Dottridge

2008-01-01

212

Helping Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Access College Financial Aid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unaccompanied homeless youth are young people who lack safe, stable housing and who are not in the care of a parent or guardian. They may have run away from home or been forced to leave by their parents. Unaccompanied youth live in a variety of temporary situations, including shelters, the homes of friends or relatives, cars, campgrounds, public…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2007

2007-01-01

213

Immigration and Schools: Supporting Success for Undocumented Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attending school and securing lawful status in the United States are two keys to safety and security for undocumented unaccompanied homeless youth. This brief is designed to provide young people, immigration attorneys and advocates, McKinney-Vento liaisons and educators with basic information to help them access these keys. After describing some…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2010

2010-01-01

214

Supporting Positive Parenting for Young Children Experiencing Homelessness: The PACT Therapeutic Nursery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sensitive parenting and secure attachment can serve as protective factors against developmental risks associated with high-risk environments such as homelessness and shelter living. This article describes a program for mothers with children from birth to 3 years old whose families are living in shelters and who are enrolled in PACT: Helping…

Melley, Alison Heinhold; Cosgrove, Kim; Norris-Shortle, Carole; Kiser, Laurel J.; Levey, Eric B.; Coble, Catherine A.; Leviton, Audrey

2010-01-01

215

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

216

Executive Function Skills and School Success in Young Children Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the role of executive function (EF) skills as a predictor of kindergarten or first-grade adjustment in 138 children living in shelters for homeless families. During the summer, children completed a battery of six EF tasks and three IQ measures. Teachers later rated children's school adjustment in five domains of achievement…

Masten, Ann S.; Herbers, Janette E.; Desjardins, Christopher David; Cutuli, J. J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Sapienza, Julianna K.; Long, Jeffrey D.; Zelazo, Philip David

2012-01-01

217

The Reproductive Behavior of Young People in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on reproductive preferences of young people in Russia shows that their attitudes regarding the number of children they may have differs by gender and by urban-rural origins. (Contains 4 tables, 1 figure, and 1 note.)

Kalachikova, O. N.

2013-01-01

218

The Spatial Origins of the Homeless: How the Homeless Vary in Their Geographic Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been no such study to date to investigate the residential origin of the varying categories of homeless. This study investigates the spatial distribution of residential origins of the varying categories of homeless and the factors that contribute to the vulnerability of individuals to become homeless. The study categorizes homeless people based on gender, family status, the occurrence of

Deden Rukmana

2006-01-01

219

Accessibility of condoms to young people in Manchester, UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and methodologyIssues relevant to the accessibility of male condoms for young people in the Greater Manchester area (UK) were investigated, using semi-structured, in-depth interviews and a questionnaire survey.ResultsFamily planning clinics and condom vending machines (CVMs) were the most cited sources for condom acquisition. Young people's knowledge of where and when they could access condoms varied by age and gender.

Judith Sixsmith; John Griffiths; John Hughes; Joanne Wren; Steve Penfold; Hilary Natusch

2006-01-01

220

Why do young people drink? A review of drinking motives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews evidence of adolescent and young adult drinking motives and their relation to possible consequences over the last 15 years. To this end, a computer-assisted search of relevant articles was conducted. Results revealed that most young people reported drinking for social motives, some indicated enhancement motives, and only a few reported coping motives. Social motives appear to be

Emmanuel Kuntsche; Ronald Knibbe; Gerhard Gmel; Rutger Engels

2005-01-01

221

Physical activity and rural young people's sense of place  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores rural young people's perceptions of their local environments in relation to their experiences with physical activities through the use of visual methodologies. The main findings from map, photo and interview data from 13 rural young Australians included the importance of friends, family, and gender structures which are discussed in relation to developing a sense of place and

Jessica Lee; Rebecca Abbott

2009-01-01

222

Opening Pathways for Vulnerable Young People in Patagonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New and improved institutions are needed to support the transition to adulthood of vulnerable young people. Existing institutions that should provide that support demonstrate structural lag: they have not adapted to changing circumstances. Action research was conducted in Por un Manana, an employment training program for low-income youth and young

Hamilton, Mary Agnes; Hamilton, Stephen F.; Bianchi, Lucia; Bran, Jacqui

2013-01-01

223

Consulting about Consulting: Young People's Views of Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing recognition that children and young people should be consulted and involved in decision-making about their lives is reflected in national and international legislation. A great deal of this legislation, stemming from the UN convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), requires education authorities to consult children and young

Woolfson, Richard C.; Harker, Michael; Lowe, Dorothy; Shields, Mary; Banks, Margaret; Campbell, Lindsay; Ferguson, Ellen

2006-01-01

224

Transition Experiences of Disabled Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the changing employment climate and shift in attitudes towards disabled people who are expected to become economically active in order to fulfill their role as responsible citizens. We briefly describe the employment profile of disabled people and reiterate the combination of factors identified in shaping progression into the…

Piggott, Linda; Houghton, Ann-Marie

2007-01-01

225

Religious participation and substance use behaviors in a canadian sample of homeless people.  

PubMed

This study examined religious behaviors in 380 homeless individuals. We hypothesized that higher frequency of religious attendance is associated with lower rates of use of all substances, lower rates of drug and alcohol dependence, and lower psychological distress. Individuals attending religious ceremonies at least weekly ("frequent attendees") were compared to infrequent attendees. Participants also provided qualitative information about their faith. In univariate analyses, frequent attendees had significantly lower rates of alcohol, cocaine, and opioid use than infrequent attendees. They also had lower rates of alcohol and drug dependence, lifetime suicide attempts, and psychological distress, but these differences were not significant. In multivariate analyses, religious attendance remained significantly associated with alcohol use and opioid use. Researchers need to examine how spiritual and religious practices can be effectively incorporated as a part of substance abuse treatment. PMID:24504535

Torchalla, Iris; Li, Kathy; Strehlau, Verena; Linden, Isabelle Aube; Krausz, Michael

2014-10-01

226

Towards social connection for young people with cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

People with cancer have to contend with a variety of physical, emotional and social difficulties. Young people with cancer are often faced with the additional burden of isolation from their peers and social network. This paper outlines early results from a collaborative project seeking to use emerging technologies to develop and evaluate a peer-based social support system to support social

Hilary Davis; Frank Vetere; Shawn Ashkanasy; Gavin Dyson; Penelope Schofield; Kate Thompson; Giselle Withers; David Thomas

2008-01-01

227

Young People's Orientation to Go into the Engineering Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the social and professional structure of people who work in the field of mental labor, those who are employed in the engineering professions occupy a key place. However, young people's attitudes toward these professions were definitely adversely affected by negative factors in the 1990s. In the context of the decline in the volume of industrial…

Kanikov, F. K.; Trunkina, O. V.

2005-01-01

228

[Young people still have a classic perception of old age].  

PubMed

Young people still have a classic perception of old age. Wisdom and experience, dependency and bereavement undoubtedly characterise old age. A survey of student nurses in Grenoble, confirms this view. It also highlights the fact that our representations are determined as much by advertising as by famous people who, despite being old, are still perceived as seductive and charming. PMID:24600951

Sifaoui, Brigitte

2014-01-01

229

Key health outcomes for children and young people with neurodisability: qualitative research with young people and parents  

PubMed Central

Objectives To identify key health outcomes, beyond morbidity and mortality, regarded as important in children and young people with neurodisability, and their parents. Design Qualitative research incorporating a thematic analysis of the data supported by the Framework Approach; the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) provided a theoretical foundation. Setting The study was conducted in community settings. Participants Participants were 54 children and young people with neurodisability: 50 participated in focus groups, and 4 in interviews; 53 parents participated: 47 in focus groups and 6 in interviews. Children/young people and parents were recruited through different networks, and were not related. Results Children/young people and parents viewed health outcomes as inter-related. Achievement in some outcomes appeared valued to the extent that it enabled or supported more valued domains of health. Health outcomes prioritised by both young people and parents were: communication, mobility, pain, self-care, temperament, interpersonal relationships and interactions, community and social life, emotional well-being and gaining independence/future aspirations. Parents also highlighted their child's sleep, behaviour and/or safety. Conclusions Those responsible for health services for children/young people with neurodisability should take account of the aspects of health identified by families. The aspects of health identified in this study provide a basis for selecting appropriate health indicators and outcome measures. PMID:24747792

Allard, Amanda; Fellowes, Andrew; Shilling, Valerie; Janssens, Astrid; Beresford, Bryony; Morris, Christopher

2014-01-01

230

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes Among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about\\u000a how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared\\u000a those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a history of poor parenting

Kimberly A. TylerLisa; Lisa A. Melander

2010-01-01

231

Why Young People Don't Vote.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several reasons for decreasing voter participation in the United States, specifically focusing on lack of voter participation by youth. Highlights recommendations for increasing young voter turnout. Presents three voting activity lesson plans for middle school students and three activities entitled "Increasing Participation in Democracy"…

Gans, Curtis; And Others

1988-01-01

232

Depression in Young People with Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Richard is 17 years old with moderate intellectual disability, autistic spectrum disorder and ADHD. He is physically independent and affectionate, has limited language, which is mainly echolalic but all his interests have stereotypic\\/obsessional repetitiveness such as looking at the pictures in magazines or watching videos. For several years there has been concern about his stereotypic interest in young girls. Although

David Dossetor

233

Swimming Upstream: How to Reduce Homelessness in  

E-print Network

Swimming Upstream: How to Reduce Homelessness in Tempe's Emerging Urban Setting David V. Summers of the Tempe First United Methodist Church, provides vital support services to homeless and working poor people

Zhang, Junshan

234

Street Kids--Homeless and Runaway Youth. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Children, Family, Drugs and Alcoholism of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate. One Hundred First Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing was the second in a series examining the impact of homelessness and dislocation on young people in America. This session focused on the problems of homeless and runaway adolescents. Witnesses described the need for multiple services for this population, for effective provision of services, and for greater coordination and planning.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

235

Young people's food practices and social relationships. A thematic synthesis.  

PubMed

Food practices are embedded in everyday life and social relationships. In youth nutrition promotion little attention is awarded to this centrality of food practices, yet it may play a pivotal role for young people's overall health and wellbeing beyond the calories food provides. Limited research is available explicitly investigating how food practices affect social relationships. The aim of this synthesis was therefore to find out how young people use everyday food practices to build, strengthen, and negotiate their social relationships. Using a thematic synthesis approach, we analysed 26 qualitative studies exploring young people's food practices. Eight themes provided insight into the ways food practices affected social relationships: caring, talking, sharing, integrating, trusting, reciprocating, negotiating, and belonging. The results showed that young people use food actively to foster connections, show their agency, and manage relationships. This synthesis provides insight into the settings of significance for young people where more research could explore the use of food in everyday life as important for their social relationships. A focus on social relationships could broaden the scope of nutrition interventions to promote health in physical and psychosocial dimensions. Areas for future research are discussed. PMID:25017130

Neely, Eva; Walton, Mat; Stephens, Christine

2014-11-01

236

A social semiotic interpretation of suicidal behaviour in young people.  

PubMed

This article presents a study of nurses' and doctors' perceptions of young people who engage in suicidal behaviour. A contemporary view of grounded theory is used to guide the collection and analysis of qualitative data from nurses and doctors working with young people in an accident and emergency department, paediatric medicine and child and adolescent mental health services (adolescent inpatient unit). The analysis of 45 semi-structured interviews generated the category: Processes of communication and associated meanings: Another voice, Complex messages and Seeing and using the social environment. A social semiotic framework is used to explore the way in which nurses and doctors perceive young people who engage in suicidal behaviour. The article concludes by considering the implications for policy and practice. PMID:15857865

Anderson, Martin; Standen, P J; Noon, Joe P

2005-05-01

237

The role of the geographical imagination in young people’s political engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides new insights into the ways in which urban youth draw upon and reference spatial concepts over the course of their participation in activism and organizing. The concept of the geographical imagination is the starting point from which to explore how young people’s understanding of places near and far affects their political engagement. Civic participation is often conceived

Yvonne Hung

2011-01-01

238

Racism and health among urban Aboriginal young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Racism has been identified as an important determinant of health but few studies have explored associations between racism\\u000a and health outcomes for Australian Aboriginal young people in urban areas.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Cross sectional data from participants aged 12-26 years in Wave 1 of the Victorian Aboriginal Health Service's Young People's\\u000a Project were included in hierarchical logistic regression models. Overall mental health, depression

Naomi Priest; Yin Paradies; Paul Stewart; Joanne Luke

2011-01-01

239

Alcoholism and homelessness.  

PubMed

A prospective study was carried out over a three-year period to assess the incidence of alcoholism and its effect on the homeless. Of 423 homeless people interviewed, 48.7 per cent were found to be alcoholics. Alcoholism was common in Celts and Roman Catholics but showed no correlation with educational achievement or school-leaving age. It was strongly associated with the use of casualty departments and criminal activity. PMID:2616506

Shanks, N

1989-10-22

240

A TYPOLOGY OF DRUG-RELATED OFFENDING AMONG YOUNG HOMELESS INJECTION DRUG USERS  

PubMed Central

Research indicates a link between drug use and offending, particularly amongst high-risk individuals, such as homeless youth. The extent to which such youth interpret their offending as being related to their drug use, though, is understudied. This manuscript investigates the interpretations of drug-related offenses offered by 151 primarily white, male, homeless IDUs aged 16–29 years. Youth were asked specific questions about their drug-related offenses during in-depth interviews as part of a larger study investigating health risks surrounding drug injection between 2004 and 2006. The first section of the manuscript outlines offenses youth revealed committing either in pursuit of or after using a variety of substances. The second part of the manuscript examines the overall context (motivation, environment), and provides a seven-tiered typology of drug-related offending based on youth's interpretations, linking certain drugs to specific offenses within particular contexts. From here, some theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:21423855

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson Bloom, Jennifer; Hathaz, Dodi S.

2011-01-01

241

Young people and HIV prevention in Australian schools.  

PubMed

Australia has not seen a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic among young people. However, early research in the Australian context had indicated that the degree of unprotected sexual activity, partner change, and STI infection in this cohort would fuel a young people's epidemic if HIV ever reached a tipping point in the country. The difficulty of reaching young people outside school for HIV prevention has been no more successfully addressed in Australia than elsewhere. Therefore, the investment of Australian HIV prevention funds for youth has had an emphasis on school-based programs. This emphasis on formal schooling has led to a history of engagement with the ad hoc and unreliable nature of sexuality education in Australian schools. It has particularly been the catalyst for a struggle to construct young people as sexually active and as possessing a right to appropriate education, against tides of both secular and religiously-motivated resistance. The eight state and territory education sectors, along with the independent sectors, have had differing and sometimes troubled histories with HIV prevention. This paper discusses the differing HIV education policies and programs that have emerged in Australian schooling historically, and in some cases been abandoned altogether, amid strong public debates. It also considers current approaches, the new national curriculum, and future challenges. Additionally, the particular case of same sex attracted young men, who have a heightened level of vulnerability to HIV, is explored. Australian schools have struggled to address both the imperative for relevant sexuality education for same-sex-attracted young people and the broader issue of combating homophobia, which research has linked directly to this vulnerability. PMID:24846485

Jones, Tiffany; Mitchell, Anne

2014-06-01

242

Homeless Youths and Young Adults in Los Angeles: Prevalence of Mental Health Problems and the Relationship Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although understanding of the subsistence patterns, service utilization, and HIV-risk behaviors of homeless youths and young adults is increasing, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of mental health problems in this group or the relationships between mental health problems and substance use. This study measured symptoms of depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, suicidality, self-injurious behavior (SIB), and drug and alcohol

Jennifer B. Unger; Michele D. Kipke; Thomas R. Simon; Susanne B. Montgomery; Christine J. Johnson

1997-01-01

243

Social capital in the experience of homeless mothers  

E-print Network

Fall 2012 – Spring 2013 | 1 Social capital in the experience of homeless mothers D. Adam Nicholson Homelessness in the United States affects many different people. In 2012, of the estimated 633,782 people experiencing homelessness... in the United States (National Alliance to End Homelessness), an estimated 37.8% were homeless families. Of this group, an increasing number are women and children. These numbers may underestimate reality, as at any given moment it is nearly impossible...

Nicholson, Adam

2013-04-01

244

Factors associated with homelessness of adolescents under supervision of the youth protection system.  

PubMed

There are two factors that limit our knowledge of the risk factors associated with homelessness among runaway adolescents, namely (1) the samples used are often composed of youth homeless service users and/or youths living on the streets (visible homelessness), whereas most adolescents in fact use "private" resources (hidden homelessness), and (2) failure to use an adequate control group to identify risk factors associated specifically with homelessness. Our study compares the characteristics of two groups of youths under the supervision of the youth protection system, according to the presence or absence of periods of homelessness. The results throw light on the factors underlying the shift from "at risk" to "homeless", showing that youths with experience of homelessness are more likely to have been placed in substitute home environments, have experienced significant relationship difficulties with one of their parents (deterioration of the parent/youth relationship and parental abuse) and to have been diagnosed with behavioural disorders. The findings suggest that the decision to place young people under supervision is based more on the dynamic between risk factors rather than on the existence of behavioural problems. PMID:15878044

Robert, Marie; Pauzé, Robert; Fournier, Louise

2005-04-01

245

Deconstructing Digital Natives: Young People, Technology, and the New Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been many attempts to define the generation of students who emerged with the Web and new digital technologies in the early 1990s. The term "digital native" refers to the generation born after 1980, which has grown up in a world where digital technologies and the internet are a normal part of everyday life. Young people belonging to this…

Thomas, Michael, Ed.

2011-01-01

246

Today's Young People: On the Problem of "Deficient" Socialization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the beginning of the 1990s, the potential for change in society, the modernization of society, was associated with the younger generations' entering into a "new life." This article focuses on what the younger generations bring with them to the socialization process, and the characteristics of the socialization of young people in the framework…

Zorkaia, Nataliia

2009-01-01

247

Developing Environmental Agency and Engagement through Young People's Fiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the extent to which stories for young people encourage environmental engagement and a sense of agency. Our discussion is informed by the work of Paul Ricoeur (on hermeneutics and narrative), John Dewey (on primacy of experience) and John Macmurray (on personal agency in society). We understand fiction reading about place as…

Bigger, Stephen; Webb, Jean

2010-01-01

248

Recreational rioting: Young people, interface areas and violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past four or five years there have been growing problems of violent behaviour by young people in working class areas in Belfast. A new term 'recreational rioting' has been coined to describe the low-level but persistent trouble caused by children and youths at interface areas across the city. Such trouble is frequently an adjunct to the rising tensions

Neil Jarman; Chris Ohalloran

2001-01-01

249

Physical activity among young people in the context of lifestyle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The promotion of a healthy lifestyle is the main goal of physical education in many countries. However, very little is known about the relationship between different life styles and physical activity patterns among young people. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lifestyle and physical activity among 12- and 15-year-old boys and girls in Belgium and

Risto Telama; Heimo Nupponen; Maurice Piéron

2005-01-01

250

Wales Observatory on Human Rights of Children and Young People  

E-print Network

Mannello, Play Wales; Dr Wendy Russell, University of Gloucestershire Children and the Media ­ Neath PortWales Observatory on Human Rights of Children and Young People Rights Here: Right Now! A conference about children's human rights 11th and 12th September 2014 Swansea University Rights Here: Right Now

Harman, Neal.A.

251

Young People, New Media, and Visual Design: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article1 will follow contemporary critical approaches to media education, youth, learning, and literacy by considering these as conceptual constellations that remain alert to the existing social realties and life-worlds of young people and their communities. The proposed paper shall identify two initiatives as case studies to explore how the praxis of media education is being carried out, especially among

Sanjay Asthana

252

Parental Influences on Young People's Sexual Behaviour: A Longitudinal Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both family structure and processes have been associated with young people's sexual behaviour, but most studies are cross-sectional and focus on only one outcome: age at first intercourse. This paper uses longitudinal data from a survey of Scottish teenagers (N=5041) to show how low parental monitoring predicts early sexual activity for both sexes…

Wight, Daniel; Williamson, Lisa; Henderson, Marion

2006-01-01

253

Setting the Agenda: Social Inclusion, Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper was prepared collectively by participants of the third seminar in a series with the title Challenging ""Social Inclusion": Perspectives for and from Children and Young People". Three 3-day seminars took place at the Universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow and Stirling in 2002-3 attended by academics, professionals from voluntary sector…

Children & Society, 2004

2004-01-01

254

Searching for Their Own Identity: Young People in Germany.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the definition of "young people" and asserts there is no clear-cut social description of this group with societal expectations differing from culture to culture. The article analyzes the changes affecting the lives of "youth" in Germany and assesses their social attitudes and values. The contents include seven sections: (1)…

Beitz, Steffen; Stahl, Klaus, Ed.

1995-01-01

255

Access to Higher Education and Disadvantaged Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will highlight the difficulties faced by qualified but disadvantaged young people in accessing higher education. This is an issue which has strong implications for education policy, economic efficiency and social justice. Over the past two decades, despite large increases in overall access to higher education, the gap in level of participation between the most affluent and most disadvantaged

ALASDAIR FORSYTH; ANDY FURLONG

2003-01-01

256

DIGITAL TASTES: Social class and young people's technology use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informed by Bourdieu's notions of habitus and taste, and Raymond Williams' notion of cultural form, this article considers the relationship between young people's use of technology and social class. Drawing on the findings of case studies of 25 Australian 15-year-olds, the article suggests that there is a strong link between technology use and class. We argue that markers of class

Sue North; Ilana Snyder; Scott Bulfin

2008-01-01

257

Survey Report on Idol Worship among Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents his survey on contemporary idol worship (idolatry) which is a new turn in mankind's phenomenon of social idol worship and an important manifestation of the cultural reconfiguration of contemporary times. The principal group of persons presently engaged in idol worship consists of children and young people.…

Xiaozhong, He

2006-01-01

258

World Class: USBBY's Outstanding International Books for Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the world's best children's book artists got together to help Amnesty International celebrate the Universal Declaration of Human Rights' 60th anniversary in "We Are All Born Free," one of the 42 titles recommended by the fourth annual United States Board on Books for Young People's (USBBY) Outstanding International Books committee. This…

Angus, Carolyn

2009-01-01

259

Young People on the Margins: Australian Studies of Social Exclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon empirical data from four research projects undertaken in Adelaide, South Australia, we examine the cumulative effects of deprivation on the lives of young people. Utilising a social exclusion framework for analysis we demonstrate the dynamic interplay between the various dimensions of social exclusion. We present the experiences and…

Savelsberg, Harry Joseph; Martin-Giles, Bonnie Mercedes

2008-01-01

260

Physical Activity among Young People in the Context of Lifestyle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The promotion of a healthy lifestyle is the main goal of physical education in many countries. However, very little is known about the relationship between different lifestyles and physical activity patterns among young people. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lifestyle and physical activity among 12- and…

Telama, Risto; Nupponen, Heimo; Pieron, Maurice

2005-01-01

261

A Stress-Management Guide for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a comprehensive guide to help young people understand and cope with stress, pressure, and anxiety. Adolescent readers are introduced to the concept of stress, the ways that stress can affect them, and the skills and techniques needed to help them learn effective ways to reduce and manage stress. The guide begins by defining…

Youngs, Bettie B.

262

Young People and Prostitution: An End to the Beginning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines some reasons for the failure to protect young people in England and Wales from sexual abuse inherent in prostitution. Identifies characteristics of the child protection system which fit poorly for work with these youth. Argues that lasting improvement of these children's well-being depends on the creation of "joined-up," integrated,…

Ayre, Patrick; Barrett, David

2000-01-01

263

The Sexuality Education Challenge: Promoting Healthy Sexuality in Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers the insights and perspectives of 39 sexuality educators. The collection of essays, full of theoretical considerations and practical implications, addresses the needs of those responsible for educating young people about sexuality and examines the major issues and concerns of sexuality education within the school setting.…

Drolet, Judy C., Ed.; Clark, Kay, Ed.

264

Best Science and Technology Reference Books for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a guide to 669 science and technology reference books for children and young people (third grade through high school). It includes some older well-established titles that may be out of print, newer editions, and newer books that have not been completely tested by time. The entries for the books contained in this guide are arranged by…

Malinowsky, H. Robert

265

Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides the text for United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People. This document is part of a special collection of resources in the journal that address sexual abuse and the growing number of both confirmed and alleged cases of pedophilia and sexual abuse within the Catholic Church. (RC)

Momentum, 2002

2002-01-01

266

Making a Difference: Young People in Community Crime Prevention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document discusses the involvement of teenagers in community crime prevention. It gives the justification, methods, successes, and problems of crime prevention programs in which young people participate. Several reasons for involving teenagers are given: teenagers need to develop a sense of community, they are often the victims of crime, and…

O'Neil, Jean F.; Calhoun, John C.

267

Securing a Sustainable Future for Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines why sustainable development matters for children and young people, and explores the relevant policy context in England and the UK. It asks whether enough is being carried out by central government to secure a more sustainable future for, and with, today's children. More is needed at the national policy level to: embed…

Renton, Zoe; Butcher, Joanne

2010-01-01

268

Young people's intended civic and political participation: does education matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizenship education was introduced as a statutory subject in England in September 2002 with the aim of promoting civic and political engagement. However, whilst education is undoubtedly a powerful socialisation force, it is not the only factor that is likely to influence young people's civic and political participation. Political science theories regarding adult participation highlight the role of variables such

Joana Lopes; Thomas Benton; Elizabeth Cleaver

2009-01-01

269

Factors favoring psychological resilience among fostered young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have examined factors in an out-of-home care sample and explicitly tested these in a predictive model. The purpose of our study was to build an exploratory predictive model of psychological adjustment, defined in terms of anxiety and physical aggression. Participants comprised 220 young people, aged 14 to 17, residing in Ontario, Canada. Selected predictors consisted of the factors

Louise Legault; Michelle Anawati; Robert Flynn

2006-01-01

270

Young people, alcohol, and designer drinks: quantitative and qualitative study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine the appeal of "designer drinks" to young people. DESIGN: Qualitative and quantitative research comprising group discussions and questionnaire led interviews with young people accompanied by a self completion questionnaire. SETTINGS: Argyll and Clyde Health Board area, west Scotland. SUBJECTS: Eight groups aged 12-17 years; 824 aged 12-17 recruited by multistage cluster probability sample from the community health index. RESULTS: Young people were familiar with designer drinks, especially MD 20/20 and leading brands of strong white cider. Attitudes towards these drinks varied quite distinctly with age, clearly reflecting their attitudes towards and motivations for drinking in general. The brand imagery of designer drinks-in contrast with that of more mainstream drinks-matched many 14 and 15 year olds' perceptions and expectations of drinking. Popularity of designer drinks peaked between the ages of 13 and 16 while more conventional drinks showed a consistent increase in popularity with age. Consumption of designer drinks tended to be in less controlled circumstances and was associated with heavier alcohol intake and greater drunkenness. CONCLUSIONS: Designer drinks are a cause for concern. They appeal to young people, often more so than conventional drinks, and are particularly attractive to 14-16 year olds. Consumption of designer drinks is also associated with drinking in less controlled environments, heavier drinking, and greater drunkenness. There is a need for policy debate to assess the desirability of these drinks and the extent to which further controls on their marketing are required. PMID:9040387

Hughes, K.; MacKintosh, A. M.; Hastings, G.; Wheeler, C.; Watson, J.; Inglis, J.

1997-01-01

271

Predictors of Academic Attainments of Young People with Down's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Earlier studies of young people with Down's syndrome have investigated a relatively limited range of variables which may influence their academic attainment. The relative strength of such influences and how they may vary during the school career, has also been under-researched. Aims: The aim of the paper is to identify the contemporary…

Turner, S.; Alborz, A.; Gayle, V.

2008-01-01

272

The High Seas Adventure Context for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sailing expeditions have played an important role in adventure provision for young people in Great Britain over many years. Adventure experiences under sail can achieve social and personal development goals similar to those of land-based adventure education programs. In addition, participants can earn certification in sailing skills. Most voyages…

McCormack, Fiona

273

Technology, Learning Communities and Young People: The Future Something Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Future Something Project" ("FSP"), a two-year action research project, was devised to nurture the creative and technological talent of small groups of young people at risk by creating a structured network, mentored and driven by creative professionals exploring innovative ways for the two distinct target groups to work together. The project…

Herne, Steve; Adams, Jeff; Atkinson, Dennis; Dash, Paul; Jessel, John

2013-01-01

274

School of Biosciences HAVE YOUNG PEOPLES' WEIGHT LOSS  

E-print Network

; Dietz, 2004). The Government set a target to `halt the year-on-year rise in obesity among children under young people maintain weight, eat healthily and be physically active. AIMS AND HYPOTHESES AIMS 1 and classified into underweight, healthy, overweight and obese categories (Cole et al., 2000; Cole et al., 2007

Nottingham, University of

275

Representing young people's sexuality in the 'youth' media.  

PubMed

This paper reports findings from a content analysis of the main messages about sexuality in media outlets consumed by young people. It examines how sexuality is represented and the level of sexual health information provided in some UK magazines and TV programmes targeted at young people. Our findings show that such outlets included a vast range of useful discussion including information about health concerns and in-depth exploration of issues such as consent and examples of couples exploring whether or not they were 'ready' for sex. In particular, the right of girls to 'say no' was vividly fore-grounded in several teen dramas and magazines. However, coverage was also characterized by certain limitations. A clear pattern was evident whereby contraception and managing 'how far to go' were depicted as women's responsibility. There was a limited range of representations for young men, a lack of positive images of lesbian and gay teenagers, and a failure to represent diversity. There were also no examples of how people might raise concerns such as safer sex. In this context, health educators need to be aware of both the richness and the limitations of current mainstream representations in order to work with and through the media to improve the quality and range of material for young people. PMID:15155586

Batchelor, S A; Kitzinger, J; Burtney, E

2004-12-01

276

Changing Directions: Young People and Effective Work against Racism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores effective approaches against racism in work with young people, and the relevance of new policy agendas in the UK. Since the 2001 disturbances, the UK has controversially prioritised "Community Cohesion", with the accusation that this new direction represents the "death of multiculturalism". Drawing on empirical evidence from…

Thomas, Paul; Henri, Tom

2011-01-01

277

Considering Young People's Motives for Interactive Media Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people's increasing use of interactive media has led to assertions about possible consequences for education. Rather than following assertions, we argue for theory-driven empirical research as a basis for education renewal. First, we review the existing empirical research, concluding that there is almost no theory-driven research available.…

van den Beemt, Antoine; Akkerman, Sanne; Simons, Robert-Jan

2011-01-01

278

Barriers to Dance Training for Young People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dance is a viable and enjoyable activity -- and potential career -- for young people with disabilities, yet they face several barriers to participation and training. The aim of this article, by Imogen J. Aujla of the University of Bedfordshire and Emma Redding of Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance, is to review the literature on…

Aujla, Imogen J.; Redding, Emma

2013-01-01

279

Literature for Young People: Nonfiction Books about Death.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature for young people that allows issues related to death and suicide to be addressed openly included nonfiction material from various vantage points: anthropology, biology, ecology, theology, thanatology, and more. Exploration of grief and mourning are accomplished in a manner that is scholarly and compassionate. (Author)

Bernstein, Joanne E.

1979-01-01

280

A Voice for Children and Young People in the City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major challenge for researchers and urban planning practitioners is how to obtain meaningful and influential contributions on urban and environmental planning activities from children and young people within the constraints of adult policy and practice. The key elements of this challenge concern traditional methods of communication between…

Wilks, Judith; Rudner, Julie

2013-01-01

281

Young People's Day in Court: Part II 29 April 2014  

E-print Network

policy. 1 See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Court of the two basic issues. Plans for CO2 Emissions Phase-Down: The objective of this court case is to makeYoung People's Day in Court: Part II 29 April 2014 James Hansen The U.S. Court of Appeals

Hansen, James E.

282

The Rights of Children and Young People in State Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the lack of human rights recognition for arguably one of the most vulnerable groups in our society, children and young people in the care of the state. Currently under New Zealand legislation and policy frameworks these children do not have their rights upheld, as per New Zealand's obligations under the United Nations…

Ashton, Sarah

2014-01-01

283

Cyberbullying: Through the Eyes of Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of cyberbullying is raising international debate and concern. Through the development and dissemination of a questionnaire 12 student researchers were supported in surveying 325 UK students across Years 7, 8 and 9 to gain further knowledge of this area, in relation to children and young people. Results were analysed and comparisons made…

Ackers, Melanie Jane

2012-01-01

284

Cyberbullying: through the eyes of children and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of cyberbullying is raising international debate and concern. Through the development and dissemination of a questionnaire 12 student researchers were supported in surveying 325 UK students across Years 7, 8 and 9 to gain further knowledge of this area, in relation to children and young people. Results were analysed and comparisons made between gender and age, allowing conclusions

Melanie Jane Ackers

2012-01-01

285

Understanding Wye Using Traditional Timber to Connect Young People  

E-print Network

Understanding Wye Using Traditional Timber to Connect Young People with the Wye Valley objectives and providing group shelter for use during bad weather. · To impart traditional building skills and raise responsibly. actions achievements · Residential courses in traditional building skills run by qualified

286

Suicide among young people aged 10-29 in Sweden.  

PubMed

This study analyses the incidence of suicide among children and young people aged between 10 and 29 in Sweden, during the period 1974-1986. The study comprises 4,624 individuals whose deaths were the outcome of verified, E950-E959 (n = 3,511) and undetermined, E980-E989 (n = 1,113) suicides. Regression analysis of different age groups separately and all age groups combined shows that the frequency of suicide among children and young people in Sweden did not increase in this period. Nonetheless, mortality figures are high, especially for boys and young men aged 15-29. The maximum suicide-mortality rate (43.2 per 10,000) is noted for young men aged 25-29 in 1984. The male-female ratio with respect to deaths from suicide is 2.5 for the entire group, the smallest difference being in the 15-19 age group (1.7) and the largest in the 25-29 age group (2.8). Methods of committing suicide vary between the sexes and the various age groups. Boys and young men use violent methods more often, and this situation has remained stable throughout the 13-year period. Girls use non-violent methods to a greater extent, but young women aged 18-29 use violent and non-violent methods to almost the same extent. During the 13-year period studied, a change took place in the girls' and young women's choice of methods towards more violent methods in the 1980s compared with the 1970s. Regardless of sex, there are significantly (p less than 0.001) fewer married and more divorced people among those committing suicide compared with corresponding age groups in the overall population. PMID:1496332

Hultén, A; Wasserman, D

1992-06-01

287

An Examination of Criminal Behavior among the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a significant social problem in the United States, with an estimated 2.5 million homeless people in this country today. While criminal activity may become a means for the homeless to obtain resources needed for basic survival, little is known about the level of criminal activity among the homeless or about the types of crimnal…

Solarz, Andrea

288

Homelessness in the United States: An Ecological Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an ecological perspective on homelessness that emphasizes the context in which homeless people live and the complex interactions between personal, social, economic, and service system resources that affect their well-being. The ecological perspective encourages researchers and program developers to assess the problems of homelessness at multiple levels of analysis, to view homelessness as a result of contextual

Paul A. Toro; Edison J. Trickett; David D. Wall; Deborah A. Salem

1991-01-01

289

Myocardial infarction in young people with normal coronary arteries  

PubMed Central

Myocardial infarction occurring in young people with angiographically normal coronary arteries is well described but the pathophysiology of this condition remains unknown. Coronary artery spasm in association with thrombus formation and minimal atheromatous disease or spontaneous coronary artery dissection are possible causes. Two young men presented with severe chest pain after acute alcohol intoxication and each sustained an extensive anterior myocardial infarction. Investigations including intravascular ultrasound showed no evidence of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease. Coronary artery spasm associated with acute alcohol intoxication as well as a prothrombotic state and endothelial damage related to cigarette smoking may be mechanisms leading to acute myocardial infarction in these cases. Acute myocardial infarction occurs in young persons with normal coronary arteries and the diagnosis should be considered in young patients presenting with severe chest pain, particularly those abusing cocaine or alcohol, so that reperfusion therapy can be initiated promptly.?? Keywords: myocardial infarction;  coronary vasospasm;  alcohol;  intravascular ultrasound PMID:9538315

Williams, M; Restieaux, N; Low, C

1998-01-01

290

Homeless identities: enacted and ascribed.  

PubMed

Homelessness has been a perennial concern for sociologists. It is a confronting phenomenon that can challenge western notions of home, a discrete family unit and the ascetics and order of public space. To be without a home and to reside in public places illustrates both an intriguing way of living and some fundamental inadequacies in the functioning of society. Much homelessness research has had the consequence of isolating the 'homeless person' as distinct category or indeed type of individual. They are ascribed with homeless identities. The homeless identity is not simply presented as one dimensional and defining, but this imposed and ill-fitting identity is rarely informed by a close and long-term engagement with the individuals it is supposed to say something about. Drawing on a recent Australian ethnographic study with people literally without shelter, this article aims to contribute to understandings of people who are homeless by outlining some nuanced and diverse aspects of their identities. It argues that people can and do express agency in the way they enact elements of the self, and the experience of homelessness is simultaneously important and unimportant to understand this. Further, the article suggests that what is presumably known about the homeless identity is influenced by day-to-day lives that are on public display. PMID:21899522

Parsell, Cameron

2011-09-01

291

Invest in adolescents and young people: it pays.  

PubMed

This year's Women Deliver conference made a strong call for investing in the health and development of adolescents and young people. It highlighted the unique problems faced by adolescent girls and young women-some of the most vulnerable and neglected individuals in the world-and stressed the importance of addressing their needs and rights, not only for their individual benefit, but also to achieve global goals such as reducing maternal mortality and HIV infection.In response to an invitation from the editors of Reproductive Health, we-the sixteen coauthors of this commentary-put together key themes that reverberated throughout the conference, on the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, and promising solutions to meet them.1. Investing in adolescents and young people is crucial for ensuring health, creating prosperity and fulfilling human rights.2. Gender inequality contributes to many health and social problems. Adolescent girls and boys, and their families and communities, should be challenged and supported to change inequitable gender norms.- Child marriage utterly disempowers girls. It is one of the most devastating manifestations of gender discrimination.- Negative social and cultural attitudes towards menstruation constrain the lives of millions of girls. This may well establish the foundation for lifelong discomfort felt by girls about their bodies and reticence in seeking help when problems arise.3. Adolescents need comprehensive, accurate and developmentally appropriate sexuality education. This will provide the bedrock for attitude formation and decision making.4. Adolescent-centered health services can prevent sexual and reproductive health problems and detect and treat them if and when they occur.5. National governments have the authority and the responsibility to address social and cultural barriers to the provision of sexual and reproductive health education and services for adolescents and young people.6. Adolescents should be involved more meaningfully in national and local actions intended to meet their needs and respond to their problems.7. The time to act is now. We know more now than ever before about the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, as well as the solutions to meeting those needs. PMID:24041149

Chandra-Mouli, Venkatraman; Greifinger, Rena; Nwosu, Adaeze; Hainsworth, Gwyn; Sundaram, Lakshmi; Hadi, Sheena; McConville, Fran; Benevides, Regina; Simon, Callie; Patkar, Archana; Schoening, Eva; Sethi, Disha; Boldosser-Boesch, Amy; Awasthi, Prateek; Mathur, Arvind; Braeken, Doortje

2013-01-01

292

Invest in adolescents and young people: it pays  

PubMed Central

This year’s Women Deliver conference made a strong call for investing in the health and development of adolescents and young people. It highlighted the unique problems faced by adolescent girls and young women–some of the most vulnerable and neglected individuals in the world–and stressed the importance of addressing their needs and rights, not only for their individual benefit, but also to achieve global goals such as reducing maternal mortality and HIV infection. In response to an invitation from the editors of Reproductive Health, we-the sixteen coauthors of this commentary–put together key themes that reverberated throughout the conference, on the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, and promising solutions to meet them. 1. Investing in adolescents and young people is crucial for ensuring health, creating prosperity and fulfilling human rights. 2. Gender inequality contributes to many health and social problems. Adolescent girls and boys, and their families and communities, should be challenged and supported to change inequitable gender norms. –?Child marriage utterly disempowers girls. It is one of the most devastating manifestations of gender discrimination. –?Negative social and cultural attitudes towards menstruation constrain the lives of millions of girls. This may well establish the foundation for lifelong discomfort felt by girls about their bodies and reticence in seeking help when problems arise. 3. Adolescents need comprehensive, accurate and developmentally appropriate sexuality education. This will provide the bedrock for attitude formation and decision making. 4. Adolescent-centered health services can prevent sexual and reproductive health problems and detect and treat them if and when they occur. 5. National governments have the authority and the responsibility to address social and cultural barriers to the provision of sexual and reproductive health education and services for adolescents and young people. 6. Adolescents should be involved more meaningfully in national and local actions intended to meet their needs and respond to their problems. 7. The time to act is now. We know more now than ever before about the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, as well as the solutions to meeting those needs. PMID:24041149

2013-01-01

293

Behavioural and social correlates of sedentary time in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveIn this study, behavioural and social correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in young people were identified.DesignCross-sectional analysis of data from the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS).SettingSchools in Denmark, Estonia, Portugal and Norway.ParticipantsRespondents were invited using a twostage cluster sampling procedure. Analyses include 2107 children (9–10 years old) and adolescents (14–15 years old).Assessment of independent variablesSeven behavioural and 15 social

E. M. F. van Sluijs; A. Page; Y. Ommundsen; S. J. Griffin

2010-01-01

294

Sexual health seeking behaviours of young people in the Gambia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Gambia, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and their complications are a major health problem and although the prevalence of HIV-1 in the Gambia is currently low, it is increasing. Relatively little is known about the sexual health treatment-seeking behaviours of young people in West Africa. This information is vital to target resources appropriately. To investigate this concept, twelve single-sex

KEVIN MILES; MATTHEW SHAW; KATIE PAINE; GRAHAM J. HART; SAIHOU CEESAY

2001-01-01

295

Risk in the Education of Young People: A Roundtable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a roundtable discussion on the risk in the education of young people in Russia. Participants were as follows: (1) Iu.A. Zubok; (2) A.I. Kovaleva; (3) D.L. Konstantinovskii; (4) V.A. Lukov; (5) V.Ia. Nechaev; (6) N.L. Smakotina; (7) V.I. Chuprov; (8) V.I. Zubkov; (9) Iu.V. Goliusova; (10) E.G. Panteleev; (11) I.A. Seleznev;…

Russian Education and Society, 2007

2007-01-01

296

Australian young people's participatory practices and internet use  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between Internet use and political participation among Australian young people. Based on original survey data it demonstrates that there clearly exists a ‘digital divide’ amongst 18–34-year-old Australians, which is delineated on demographic characteristics of geography, education level, income level and occupational classification. While the Internet has far from replaced the traditional information sources of television

Ariadne Vromen

2007-01-01

297

Price, public policy, and smoking in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of cigarette taxes, limits on public smoking, laws regulating access to tobacco by young people, and exposure to pro-tobacco and anti-tobacco messages on smoking participation and the intention to smoke among ninth-grade students (aged 13-16). DATA SOURCES: Two cross-sectional, school-based surveys (total of 15432 responses) of ninth-grade students conducted in 21 North American communities in

E M Lewit; A Hyland; N Kerrebrock; K M Cummings

1997-01-01

298

Reportable STDs in Young People 15-24 Years of Age, by State  

MedlinePLUS

... Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Share Compartir Reportable STDs in Young People 15-24 Years of Age, by State Regardless ... Statistics Indian Health Service Reports Reportable STDs in Young People 15-24, by State Archive Chlamydia, All Years ...

299

Consent in cyberspace: Internet-based research involving young people.  

PubMed

Social networking sites such as MySpace and virtual communities such as on-line support groups can be a rich source of data for researchers. These sites can be an effective way of reaching and researching young people in order to address their particular health needs. Internet-based research is also potentially risky and exploitative. There is some guidance for conducting research online, but there are no detailed or universally accepted ethics guidelines for research of webspaces such as MySpace or virtual communities in which young people participate. One question that arises is--If MySpace is a public webspace, can research be done without consent? In this paper I investigate ethical issues surrounding young people's consent in cyber research. I identify issues that help determine whether consent is needed, offer suggestions for dealing with consent in cyberspace and add my voice to the call for a resource of case studies--indispensible in the development of guidelines and the education of researchers and research ethics committees. PMID:20440984

Spriggs, Merle

2009-12-01

300

A Risk-Amplification Model of Victimization and Depressive Symptoms Among Runaway and Homeless Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is an examination of a theoretical model of risk amplification within a sample of 255 homeless and runaway adolescents. The young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters in urban centers of four Midwestern states. Separate models were examined for males (n = 102) and females (n = 153). Results indicated that street experiences such as

Les B. Whitbeck; Dan R. Hoyt; Kevin A. Yoder

1999-01-01

301

"We're Locking the Door": Family Histories in a Sample of Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well known that the pathways to homelessness for young people are embedded in often ongoing negative childhood experiences. Many of these experiences are rooted in multiple and intersecting problems including, but not limited to: family conflict, abuse, addictions, and mental health issues. The authors draw upon qualitative interviews…

Alvi, Shahid; Scott, Hannah; Stanyon, Wendy

2010-01-01

302

Vulnerability to Homelessness, Use of Services and Homelessness Prevention in Black and Minority Ethnic Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the high prominence of homelessness on the housing policy agenda and evidence that a disproportionate number of people affected by homelessness come from black and minority ethnic (BME) communities, little is known about patterns of access and use of homelessness services in these communities. This paper seeks to fill the gap, by drawing on qualitative and quantitative research recently

Gina Netto

2006-01-01

303

Ready, Steady, Action: What Enables Young People to Perceive Themselves as Active Agents in Their Lives?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Government and educational priorities place importance on young people of secondary school age being active, having their voices heard, and participating in their community. This paper explores an understanding of the role of agency in young people's lives and how the concept is developing. Young people who perceive themselves as having…

Sharp, Russell

2014-01-01

304

Global Selves: Marginalised Young People and Aesthetic Reflexivity in Inhalant Drug Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sociologists have observed that young people increasingly draw on global as well as local images in their constructions of individual selfhood. This article provides a narrative analysis of stories of inhalant use-induced hallucination, drawn from interviews conducted with young people in Melbourne, Australia. Young people's stories of the…

MacLean, Sarah

2007-01-01

305

Psychological Change in Distressed Young People Who Do Not Receive Counselling: Does Improvement Happen Anyway?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to explore self-healing processes in young people, and to develop an understanding of the effects of school-based counselling (SBC), by analysing changes in young people who did not receive this intervention. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 young people on a waiting list for SBC. Participants…

Daniunaite, Akvile; Ahmad Ali, Zenib; Cooper, Mick

2012-01-01

306

Model Projects for Early Intervention in the Mental Health of Young People: Reorientation of Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Early Intervention Network for Mental Health in Young People (AusEinet) was established to coordinate a national approach to early intervention for mental health in young people. The approach has three streams: (1) development and maintenance of a national early intervention network for mental health in young people; (2)…

O'Hanlon, Anne; Kosky, Robert; Martin, Graham; Dundas, Pauline; Davis, Cathy

307

Young People's Use of Friends and Family for Sex and Relationships Information and Advice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the recognition that improving access to advice and support on sex and relationships is vital in helping young people make positive healthy choices, the present paper explores how young people gain such information and advice. Drawing on the analysis of questionnaire and interview data collected for a local study of 401 young people from…

Powell, Eryl

2008-01-01

308

Sculpting a "Social Space" for Re-Engaging Disengaged "Disadvantaged" Young People with Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the complex constellation of conditions that turn many young people into "exiles" from schooling. From the vantage point of young people, the paper traces out a profile of the conditions that need to be brought into existence for these young people to find a way back into learning. The paper argues that current educational…

Smyth, John; McInerney, Peter

2012-01-01

309

Ordinary Lives: An Ethnographic Study of Young People Attending Entry to Employment Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the findings from a one-year ethnographic study of young people attending Entry to Employment (E2E) programmes in two local authorities in the north of England. The paper locates E2E within the broader context of provision for low-achieving young people and of UK government policy on reducing the proportion of young people who…

Russell, Lisa; Simmons, Robin; Thompson, Ron

2011-01-01

310

Brief Report: Young People at Risk for Eating Disorders in Southeast Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A representative sample of 7-14-year-old young people in southeast Brazil (N=1251) was assessed using standardized parent and youth interviews, thereby identifying an "at-risk" group of young people who met one or more DSM-IV criteria for anorexia and/or bulimia nervosa. These young people were compared with an age and gender matched comparison…

Moya, Tatiana; Fleitlich-Bilyk, Bacy; Goodman, Robert

2006-01-01

311

Sexual Beginners: Accounting for First Sexual Intercourse in Italian Young People's Heterosexual Biographies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on survey data of 1000 young people aged 18-29 and semi-structured interviews with 51 young people aged 18-34 living in a north-western Italian region, the article explores how they account for their first heterosexual intercourse. Young people describe and make sense of their experiences by referring to sexual scripts; narrative sequences…

Ferrero Camoletto, Raffaella

2011-01-01

312

The Development of Apt Citizenship Education through Listening to Young People's Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizenship Education (CE) and the young people's voice agenda are both enjoying increasing popularity within England at the present time. Clear connections exist between the two, with CE placing an emphasis upon participation and responsible action and the young people's voice agenda advocating democratic procedures for involving young people in…

Warwick, Paul

2008-01-01

313

Emotional Health and Well-Being in Schools: Involving Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevalence studies of emotional health and well-being (EHWB) of young people indicate that that there is cause for concern. Very few studies have examined EHWB from the perspective of young people. This study examined the views of young people about their EHWB in the context of secondary education in the UK. Eight focus groups were conducted in…

Coombes, Lindsey; Appleton, Jane V.; Allen, Debby; Yerrell, Paul

2013-01-01

314

Obtaining Consent from Young People with Autism to Participate in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with autism were involved in a study examining the participation of young people with autism in drama education. This study considers the approaches devised to obtain consent from ten young people with autism who communicated in different ways. The process of obtaining consent and monitoring assent is outlined and evaluated. The…

Loyd, Daisy

2013-01-01

315

Growing Up in Technological Worlds: How Modern Technologies Shape the Everyday Lives of Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to show how young people typically interact with technology. Young people take up modern technology and incorporate it in their everyday lives more rapidly and more unceremoniously than others. As they make use of technical artifacts, the everyday lives of young people change, as does their perception of society, because it is through the

Claus J. Tully

2003-01-01

316

“Queer Eye” for Social Work: Rethinking Pedagogy and Practice with Same-sex Attracted Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dominant discourses on sexualities construct limited representations and understanding of same-sex attracted young people, often resulting in material and detrimental effects for young people who do not fit the heterosexual mould. Traditionally, social work theory and practice with same-sex attracted young people has relied on ethnic and essentialised models for understanding sexual difference. In the present article, the author reviews

Paul Willis

2007-01-01

317

Old ideals and new realities: the changing context of young people's partnerships in Cebu, Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Philippines has experienced rapid sociodemographic changes in recent years, with implications for young people. This study combines quantitative and qualitative data from Metro Cebu to assess the timing and predictors of young people's partnerships, as well as the context in which these partnerships are occurring. The majority of young people (54%) had premarital sex, though this pattern varied by

Jessica D. Gipson; Socorro A. Gultiano; Josephine L. Avila; Michelle J. Hindin

2012-01-01

318

Homelessness: a problem for primary care?  

PubMed

Homelessness is a social problem that affects all facets of contemporary society. This paper discusses the concept of homelessness in terms of its historical context and the dominance of the pervasive 'victim blaming' ideologies, which, together with the worldwide economic changes that have contributed to a fiscal crisis of the state, and the resultant policies and circumstances, have led to an increase in the number of 'new homeless' people. This paper attempts to challenge the dominant political discourse on homelessness. The widespread healthcare problems and heterogeneity of homeless people have a particular impact on health services, with many homeless people inappropriately accessing local accident and emergency (A&E) departments because of barriers inhibiting adequate access to primary care. A number of primary care schemes have been successfully implemented to enable the homeless to have better access to appropriate care. However, there is no consistency in the level of services around the United Kingdom (UK), and innovations in service are not widespread and by their nature they are ad hoc. Despite the successes of such schemes, many homeless people still access health care inappropriately. Until homeless people are fully integrated into primary care the situation will not change. The question remains, how can appropriate access be established? A start can be made by building on some of the positive work that is already being done in primary care, but in reality general practitioners (GPs) will be 'swimming against the tide' unless a more integrated policy approach is adopted to tackle homelessness. PMID:12939894

Riley, Anthony J; Harding, Geoffrey; Underwood, Martin R; Carter, Yvonne H

2003-06-01

319

Homelessness: a problem for primary care?  

PubMed Central

Homelessness is a social problem that affects all facets of contemporary society. This paper discusses the concept of homelessness in terms of its historical context and the dominance of the pervasive 'victim blaming' ideologies, which, together with the worldwide economic changes that have contributed to a fiscal crisis of the state, and the resultant policies and circumstances, have led to an increase in the number of 'new homeless' people. This paper attempts to challenge the dominant political discourse on homelessness. The widespread healthcare problems and heterogeneity of homeless people have a particular impact on health services, with many homeless people inappropriately accessing local accident and emergency (A&E) departments because of barriers inhibiting adequate access to primary care. A number of primary care schemes have been successfully implemented to enable the homeless to have better access to appropriate care. However, there is no consistency in the level of services around the United Kingdom (UK), and innovations in service are not widespread and by their nature they are ad hoc. Despite the successes of such schemes, many homeless people still access health care inappropriately. Until homeless people are fully integrated into primary care the situation will not change. The question remains, how can appropriate access be established? A start can be made by building on some of the positive work that is already being done in primary care, but in reality general practitioners (GPs) will be 'swimming against the tide' unless a more integrated policy approach is adopted to tackle homelessness. PMID:12939894

Riley, Anthony J; Harding, Geoffrey; Underwood, Martin R; Carter, Yvonne H

2003-01-01

320

Housing First Services for People Who Are Homeless with Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on homeless adults with severe mental illness is generally silent on a critical issue surrounding service delivery--the contrast between housing first and treatment first program philosophies. This study draws on data from a longitudinal experiment contrasting a housing first program (which offers immediate permanent housing without…

Padgett, Deborah K.; Gulcur, Leyla; Tsemberis, Sam

2006-01-01

321

Housing First Services for People Who Are Homeless With Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on homeless adults with severe mental illness is generally silent on a critical issue surrounding service delivery—the contrast between housing first and treatment first program philosophies. This study draws on data from a longitudinal experiment contrasting a housing first program (which offers immediate permanent housing without requiring treatment compliance or abstinence) and treatment first (standard care) programs for

Deborah K. Padgett; Leyla Gulcur; Sam Tsemberis

2006-01-01

322

Using Social Justice Group Work with Young Mothers Who Experience Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates (e.g., Bassuk et al., 1997) that women and children make up a large percentage of the total number of individuals living without permanent shelter. This article represents a reflective analysis of our work as group facilitators who conducted a series of personal growth groups for young mothers living in a residential facility…

Coker, Angela D.; Meyer, Dixie; Smith, Rachelle; Price, Amber

2010-01-01

323

Using Social Justice Group Work With Young Mothers Who Experience Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates (e.g., Bassuk et al., 1997) that women and children make up a large percentage of the total number of individuals living without permanent shelter. This article represents a reflective analysis of our work as group facilitators who conducted a series of personal growth groups for young mothers living in a residential facility located in a Midwestern city in

Angela D. Coker; Dixie Meyer; Rachelle Smith; Amber Price

2010-01-01

324

Homelessness and risk of end-stage renal disease.  

PubMed

To identify homeless people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who were at highest risk for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), we studied 982 homeless and 15,674 domiciled people with CKD receiving public health care. We developed four risk prediction models for the primary outcome of ESRD. Overall, 71 homeless and 888 domiciled people progressed to ESRD during follow-up (median: 6.6 years). Homeless people with CKD experienced significantly higher incidence rates of ESRD than poor but domiciled peers. Most homeless people who developed progressive CKD were readily identifiable well before ESRD using a prediction model with five common variables. We estimated that program following homeless people in the highest decile of ESRD risk would have captured 64-85% of those who eventually progressed to ESRD within five years. Thus, an approach targeting homeless people at high risk for ESRD appears feasible and could reduce substantial morbidity and costs incurred by this highly vulnerable group. PMID:25130236

Maziarz, Marlena; Chertow, Glenn M; Himmelfarb, Jonathan; Hall, Yoshio N

2014-08-01

325

Impaired Immune Function in a Homeless Population with Stress-Related Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Homeless people suffer high levels of psychological distress. The aim of the present work was to study the immune function in a group of homeless people with stress-related disorders and compare it with that of healthy non-homeless controls. Methods: We included in the study 40 homeless persons and 40 housed controls recruited from the population of Madrid and matched

Lorena Arranz; Aída de Vicente; Manuel Muñoz; Mónica De la Fuente

2009-01-01

326

Rhetorical Response to the Homeless Movement: Adopting Discursive Units in Counter-Frames  

E-print Network

Response to the Homeless Movement Adopting Discursive Units in Counter-Frames. (May 2009) Kristin Summer Mathe, B.A., Saint Mary?s College of California Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. James Arnt Aune American cities have a combination of policies... homeless people self identify. Snow and Anderson found that homeless people construct their identities through talk, and that identity talk takes the form of distancing from other homeless people, embracing the homeless identity, or fictive story telling...

Mathe, Kristin S.

2010-07-14

327

Early implementation evaluation of a multi-site housing first intervention for homeless people with mental illness: a mixed methods approach.  

PubMed

This research sought to determine whether the implementation of Housing First in a large-scale, multi-site Canadian project for homeless participants with mental illness shows high fidelity to the Pathways Housing First model, and what factors help or hinder implementation. Fidelity ratings for 10 Housing First programs in five cities were made by an external quality assurance team along five key dimensions of Housing First based on 84 key informant interviews, 10 consumer focus groups, and 100 chart reviews. An additional 72 key informant interviews and 35 focus groups yielded qualitative data on factors that helped or hindered implementation. Overall, the findings show a high degree of fidelity to the model with more than 71% of the fidelity items being scored higher than 3 on a 4-point scale. The qualitative research found that both delivery system factors, including community and organizational capacity, and support system factors, training and technical assistance, facilitated implementation. Fidelity challenges include the availability of housing, consumer representation in program operations, and limitations to the array of services offered. Factors that accounted for these challenges include low vacancy rates, challenges of involving recently homeless people in program operations, and a lack of services in some of the communities. The study demonstrates how the combined use of fidelity assessment and qualitative methods can be used in implementation evaluation to develop and improve a program. PMID:24246161

Nelson, Geoffrey; Stefancic, Ana; Rae, Jennifer; Townley, Greg; Tsemberis, Sam; Macnaughton, Eric; Aubry, Tim; Distasio, Jino; Hurtubise, Roch; Patterson, Michelle; Stergiopoulos, Vicky; Piat, Myra; Goering, Paula

2014-04-01

328

Being "An Authentic Alteno": Young People in a Bolivian Andean City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What does it mean to be young in El Alto, a Bolivian shantytown? Based on ethnographic research, this article looks at cultural resilience among young people in a vulnerable urban context. It emphasises how young people value informal youth groups as a tool to valorise their own indigenous culture. This is echoed in the world of adults, implying…

Calestani, Melania

2012-01-01

329

Gender double standards in young people attending sexual health services in Northern Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concern about the sexual and reproductive health of young people has been mounting recently in Thailand. Unequal gender relations have a considerable influence on the lives of young people, especially young women, yet few studies have explored the ways in which they have impacted on provision of sexual health care. Drawing upon data from a qualitative study in Northern Thailand,

Arunrat Tangmunkongvorakul; Roslyn Kane; Kaye Wellings

2005-01-01

330

You Are What You Listen To: Young People's Stereotypes about Music Fans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research suggests that young people use music to express themselves and to make claims about their identities. The current work considered the possible consequences of using music in this way. Using a sample of 80 British young adults, we aimed to replicate and extend previous research on the stereotypes that young people have about fans of various musical genres. It

Peter J. Rentfrow; Jennifer A. McDonald; Julian A. Oldmeadow

2009-01-01

331

Social Stigma and the Situation of Young People in Lesbian and Gay Stepfamilies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a qualitative study examining how social stigmatization made the lives of young people in gay and lesbian stepfamilies more complex. The study focused primarily on the young people's viewpoint, which has until now rarely been taken into consideration in studies of gay and lesbian families. Eleven semi-structured interviews were conducted with adolescents and young

Caroline Robitaille; Marie-Christine Saint-Jacques

2009-01-01

332

Building Cities for Young People: Why We Should Design Cities with Preteens and Young Teens in Mind  

Microsoft Academic Search

As those with planning authority over large areas consider for whom they are planning, it is recommended that the prototypical citizen be an 11–15 year-old person. Some planners have argued for several decades that young people be taken into consideration when planning urban areas. Recent trends in overweight and obesity in young people have focused attention on children's ability to

Lisa M. Weston

2010-01-01

333

[Media messages to promote safer sex. Contact with young people].  

PubMed

In 1993, the national radio station of Zambia launched a popular music show on the fight against AIDS. Support of the national AIDS control program put information on HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, and sexuality at the disposal of thousands of youth. Radio is an effective medium to distribute information, to stimulate an awareness that AIDS is bad, and to influence public opinion. The Saturday Beat radio show is broadcast for 45 minutes every Saturday morning when most Zambians are at home. It has jingles about condom use and questions about AIDS with show listeners responding via the telephone, and discussions on HIV prevention. The show also has interviews with HIV-positive people, and with physicians, music stars, and government officials such as the Vice Minister of Health. Saturday Beat is very popular and well praised. Listeners call in from around the country and are encouraged to write and submit questions. The show host answers listeners' letters during the show. The show can organize demonstrations for loyal listeners where youth lead debates and discussions that can be taped and broadcast. Another popular medium is a photo-story (comic book with photographs rather than drawings) about a young woman named Roxy and her friends. The characters of the photo-story have different attitudes about AIDS and sex and offer different options to prevent HIV infection. Young people helped create this photo-story through a series of discussions and an examination of their feelings, their experiences, and their relationships with boy/girl friends. They were also involved in test marketing the photo story. The public appreciates Roxy. Readers can recognize themselves easily in the characters, and those with little education can understand the story. Some parents and teachers found the story too sexually explicit, but many people now agree that the story provides educational benefits. PMID:12292177

1995-04-01

334

Taking the 21st century seriously: young people, education and socio-technical futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhetoric about young people’s ‘ownership’ of future socio-technical change is a familiar part of much educational and political discourse. This does not, however, translate in practice into a meaningful dialogue with young people about the sorts of futures they might wish to see emerge. This paper argues that a number of social and technological developments currently being envisaged by researchers,

Keri Facer

2011-01-01

335

Taking the 21st century seriously: young people, education and socio-technical futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhetoric about young people’s ‘ownership’ of future socio-technical change is a familiar part of much educational and political discourse. This does not, however, translate in practice into a meaningful dialogue with young people about the sorts of futures they might wish to see emerge. This paper argues that a number of social and technological developments currently being envisaged by researchers,

Keri Facer

2012-01-01

336

Early Sexual Abuse, Street Adversity, and Drug Use among Female Homeless and Runaway Adolescents in the Midwest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on homeless and runaway adolescents has shown that this population is at high risk for illicit drug use. Though sexual abuse has been widely considered in the etiology of illicit drug use, we know less about how early sexual abuse affects young people's decisions to run away, to use drugs, and to engage in other deviant behavior on the

Xiaojin Chen; Kimberly A. Tyler; Les B. Whitbeck; Dan R. Hoyt

2004-01-01

337

Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: “No One Likes Street Kids”—Even in the Castro  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, focused on five transgender and gay youth of color from San Francisco, explored how family problems, poverty, homophobia, and transphobia propelled them into homelessness and made gay-friendly spaces and resources especially meaningful to them. These young people describe seeking support in San Francisco's well-known gay enclave, the Castro District, to form community and find safety from a homophobic

Jen Reck

2009-01-01

338

Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: "No One Likes Street Kids"--Even in the Castro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, focused on five transgender and gay youth of color from San Francisco, explored how family problems, poverty, homophobia, and transphobia propelled them into homelessness and made gay-friendly spaces and resources especially meaningful to them. These young people describe seeking support in San Francisco's well-known gay enclave, the…

Reck, Jen

2009-01-01

339

Pathways to youth homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research documents high levels of psychopathology among homeless youth. Most research, however, has not distinguished between disorders that are present prior to homelessness and those that develop following homelessness. Hence whether psychological disorders are the cause or consequence of homelessness has not been established. The aim of this study is to investigate causal pathways to homelessness amongst currently homeless youth

Claudine Martijn; Louise Sharpe

2006-01-01

340

Why do young people with chronic kidney disease die early?  

PubMed Central

Cardiovascular disease poses the greatest risk of premature death seen among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Up to 50% of mortality risk in the dialysis population is attributable to cardiovascular disease and the largest relative excess mortality is observed in younger patients. In early CKD, occlusive thrombotic coronary disease is common, but those who survive to reach end-stage renal failure requiring dialysis are more prone to sudden death attributable mostly to sudden arrhythmic events and heart failure related to left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary vascular calcification and electrolyte disturbances. In this review, we discuss the basis of the interaction of traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease with various pathological processes such as endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, low grade chronic inflammation, neurohormonal changes and vascular calcification and stiffness which account for the structural and functional cardiac changes that predispose to excess morbidity and mortality in young people with CKD. PMID:25374808

Kumar, Shankar; Bogle, Richard; Banerjee, Debasish

2014-01-01

341

Why do young people with chronic kidney disease die early?  

PubMed

Cardiovascular disease poses the greatest risk of premature death seen among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Up to 50% of mortality risk in the dialysis population is attributable to cardiovascular disease and the largest relative excess mortality is observed in younger patients. In early CKD, occlusive thrombotic coronary disease is common, but those who survive to reach end-stage renal failure requiring dialysis are more prone to sudden death attributable mostly to sudden arrhythmic events and heart failure related to left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary vascular calcification and electrolyte disturbances. In this review, we discuss the basis of the interaction of traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease with various pathological processes such as endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, low grade chronic inflammation, neurohormonal changes and vascular calcification and stiffness which account for the structural and functional cardiac changes that predispose to excess morbidity and mortality in young people with CKD. PMID:25374808

Kumar, Shankar; Bogle, Richard; Banerjee, Debasish

2014-11-01

342

SRE and Young People in Further Education: A Review of Provision and Practice in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many initiatives relating to young people's sexual health have focused on under 16s. Yet, most young people become sexually active between the ages of 16 and 19 and 80 per cent of under-18 conceptions are to 16- and 17-year-olds. The shift from school to further education marks a time of transition in young people's lives. It is a time when…

Emmerson, Lucy

2007-01-01

343

A motivation-based explanatory model of street drinking among young people.  

PubMed

This social marketing study focuses on street drinking behavior among young people. The objective is to divide the market of young people who engage in this activity into segments according to their motivations. For the three segments identified, a behavior model is created using the beliefs, attitudes, behavior, and social belonging of young people who engage in street drinking. The methodology used individual questionnaires filled in by a representative sample of young people. The results show that the behavior model follows the sequence of attitudes-beliefs-behavior and that social belonging influences these three variables. Similarly, differences are observed in the behavior model depending on the segment individuals belong to. PMID:25068605

Martín-Santana, Josefa D; Beerli-Palacio, Asunción; Fernández-Monroy, Margarita

2014-01-01

344

AIDS and sex education for young people in China.  

PubMed

Although China has had a rich sexual culture for thousands of years, Chinese people are usually unwilling to openly discuss issues of sex. Some parents are quite ignorant of the change in their children's sexual attitude and behaviour. In China today, adolescents are becoming much more sexually liberated. Premarital sex and unplanned pregnancies among teenagers are increasing. Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) including HIV/AIDS are also spreading rapidly. However, young people lack basic information on AIDS/STD and do not know how to protect themselves from these diseases or how to avoid unintended pregnancies. Several major youth peer education programmes in China are mentioned in this paper. Among them, a four-year programme entitled the Australian-Chinese AIDS/STD/Safer Sex Peer Education Programme for Youth, is discussed in some detail. The programme has so far reached over 40000 university and school students. Evaluation results show that the programme is effective in both significantly increasing students' knowledge about AIDS/STDs and changing their attitude towards AIDS patients. In addition, the programme is highly praised by the students. PMID:11999327

Gao, Y; Lu, Z Z; Shi, R; Sun, X Y; Cai, Y

2001-01-01

345

Participation in science and technology: young people's achievement-related choices in late-modern societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people’s participation in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) is a matter of international concern. Studies and careers that require physical sciences and advanced mathematics are most affected by the problem and women in particular are under?represented in many STEM fields. This article views international research about young people’s relationships to, and participation in, STEM subjects and careers through

Maria Vetleseter Bøe; Ellen Karoline Henriksen; Terry Lyons; Camilla Schreiner

2011-01-01

346

A Taxonomy of Medical Comorbidity for Veterans Who are Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless veterans have numerous medical and behavioral health problems. Grouping homeless people based on comorbidity patterns may assist in determining severity of illness and triaging health care more effectively. We sought to determine if a finite number of profiles could be identified related to demographic characteristics, living situation, length of homelessness, and referral areas using interview data from 2,733 veterans

MPH Adam J. Gordon

2008-01-01

347

Shadow Count 2012: Help New York City's Homeless Be Counted!  

E-print Network

! Shadow Count 2012: Help New York City's Homeless Be Counted! Become a Shadow Count Decoy Shadow Count 2013 What: Monday Jan. 28th ­ 29th (overnight), the NYC Department of Homeless Services (DHS) will send hundreds of volunteers all across the city to count NYC's unsheltered homeless people

Qiu, Weigang

348

Shadow Count 2012: Help New York City's Homeless Be Counted!  

E-print Network

! Shadow Count 2012: Help New York City's Homeless Be Counted! Become a Shadow Count Decoy Shadow Count 2012 What: Monday Jan. 30th ­ 31st (overnight), the NYC Department of Homeless Services (DHS) will send hundreds of volunteers all across the city to count NYC's unsheltered homeless people

Qiu, Weigang

349

Homelessness and Information Systems: Diverse Settings, Common Questions  

E-print Network

Homelessness and Information Systems: Diverse Settings, Common Questions David G. Hendry The Info pre- selected audience discussants will seed a participatory dialog con- cerning homelessness the welfare of homeless people and discuss the potential impacts of information systems on four dimensions

Anderson, Richard

350

There is no Word for Cousin: Understanding Ghanaian Homelessness from an American Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper serves as an investigation into the Ghanaian society and culture in efforts to understand and explain notions of homelessness. Using my previous research on family homelessness in San Francisco, California as a general frame work and example of American homelessness, this paper juxtaposes the American concept of homelessness with the Ghanaian concept. Information gathered from institutions, people and

Kenneth Hutchinson

2003-01-01

351

Identifying the Precipitants of Homeless Protest across 17 U.S. Cities, 1980 to 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1980s, homeless people formed social movement organizations and mobilized collective action events in cities across the US. From the vantage point of social movement theories and scholarship on homelessness, it is surprising that homeless protest was so prevalent in the 1980s. Yet we find evidence of homeless protest events across no…

Snow, David A.; Soule, Sarah A.; Cress, Daniel M.

2005-01-01

352

The Dynamics of Families Who Are Homeless: Implications for Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family homelessness has emerged as a serious global problem (Stronge, 2000). Over the past 25 years in the United States, the makeup of the homeless population has changed significantly. As De Angelis (1994) reports: The landscape of homelessness has changed since the early 1980s, when nearly all homeless people were men. Today,…

Swick, Kevin J.

2004-01-01

353

NationalCoalitionfortheHomeless 2201PStreet,NW Tel.202-462-4822  

E-print Network

. POVERTY Homelessness and poverty are inextricably linked. Poor people are frequently unable to payNationalCoalitionfortheHomeless 2201PStreet,NW Tel.202-462-4822 Washington,DC 20037-1033 Fax.202 Homeless? Published by the National Coalition for the Homeless, July 2009 Two trends are largely

Hardy, Christopher R.

354

“Dying a hero”: parents’ and young people’s discourses on concurrent sexual partnerships in rural Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Concurrent sexual partnerships (CSPs) have been speculated to drive the HIV pandemic in many sub-Saharan African countries. We have limited understanding of how people think and talk about CSPs, how beliefs are transmitted across generations, and how this might affect the practice. This paper explores these issues to understand how CSPs are perpetuated and help identify opportunities for interventions to modify them. Methods The study employed an ethnographic research design involving: participant observation in 10 households, 60 in-depth interviews (IDIs), and nine participatory focus group discussions (FGDs). Participants were young people aged 14-24 and parents/carers of young people within this age group. The 60 IDIs were conducted with: 17 fathers, 13 mothers, 13 young men and 17 young women (six of whom had had unplanned pregnancies and 11 had no children). The nine FGDs were conducted with groups of: fathers (2), mothers (2), young women (2), and young men (3). A discourse analysis was carried out with all the transcripts. Data were analysed with the aid of NVIVO 8 software. Results Six distinct discourses were identified from the way participants talked about CSPs and the norms driving the practice: 1) predatory masculine sexuality; 2) masculine respectability; 3) feminine respectability; 4) empowered modern women; 5) traditional health beliefs; 6) public health. Discourses legitimating CSPs were drawn on and reproduced primarily by young people and the media and only indirectly by parents. Discourses discouraging CSPs were used primarily by parents, religious leaders and learning institutions and only indirectly by young people themselves. Conclusion Better knowledge of the discourses through which young people CSPs, and how these discourses are transmitted across generations, might help develop “culturally compelling” interventions that modify these discourses to enhance sexual health. PMID:25048413

2014-01-01

355

Constructing a Specific Culture: Young People's Use of the Mobile Phone as a Social Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the main results of an exploratory qualitative study on the functions and meanings of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in young people's everyday life. Specifically, this study concerns teenagers' cultural ways of interpreting the mobile phone and its uses, as they become part of their social world. Through their accounts and narratives about 'young people's use of

Letizia Caronia; André H. Caron

2004-01-01

356

Help-Seeking for Suicidal Thoughts and Self-Harm in Young People: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that only a minority of young people experiencing suicidal thoughts or self-harm present to any health services. This is of concern given that young people with suicidal thoughts or self-harm often require treatment for mental illness as well as to reduce their risk of completed suicide. We reviewed…

Michelmore, Lisa; Hindley, Peter

2012-01-01

357

Imagining the mathematician: young people talking about popular representations of maths  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes both a critical analysis of some popular cultural texts about mathematics and mathematicians, and explores the ways in which young people deploy the discourses produced in these texts. We argue that there are particular (and sometimes contradictory) meanings and discourses about mathematics that circulate in popular culture, that young people use these as resources in identity making

Debbie Epstein; Heather Mendick; Marie-Pierre Moreau

2010-01-01

358

Constructing Adulthood in Discussions about the Futures of Young People with Moderate-Profound Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examines how those planning futures for young people with moderate-profound intellectual disabilities invoke, deploy and interpret contrasting definitions of adulthood and perceived capacity for autonomy and self-determination. Methods: Twenty-eight young people were followed through transition from children: s to adult…

Murphy, Elizabeth; Clegg, Jennifer; Almack, Kathryn

2011-01-01

359

"Make Your Own Way There": An Agenda for Young People in the Modern Labour Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems facing young people in Australia's current labor market and the effectiveness of Australia's educational system in preparing young people for the labor market were examined. Particular attention was paid to the following issues: the reshaping of work in the modern labor market; skill development in the modern labor market; the impact…

Spierings, John

360

Internet influences on sexual practices among young people in Hanoi, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the influences of the Internet on adult sexuality are well recognized, research on the potential connection between the Internet and young people's sexuality is still limited. We conducted a qualitative study to examine how young people (aged 15–19 years) in Hanoi, Vietnam used the Internet to develop sexual practices and identities. Our analysis of texts from focus groups, in?depth

Anh D. Ngo; Michael W. Ross; Eric A. Ratliff

2008-01-01

361

The Global Youth Media Council: Young People Speaking and Learning about Media Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 5th World Summit on Media for Children and Youth held in Karlstad, Sweden in June 2010 provided a unique media literacy experience for approximately thirty young people from diverse backgrounds through participation in the Global Youth Media Council. This article focuses on the Summit's aim to give young people a "voice" through intercultural…

Dezuanni, Michael Luigi; Miles, Prue

2011-01-01

362

Research Summary Wood you believe it? Children's and young people's perceptions of climate change  

E-print Network

, parents' perceptions and the media) had any impact on the children's and young people's perceptions. "They of greater concern. The media and educational experiences appeared to have had an effect on some childrenResearch Summary Wood you believe it? Children's and young people's perceptions of climate change

363

Are we creating problems for the future? Children, young people and the concept of `nature  

E-print Network

and under) · Innocent children who need to be protected · Media coverage of cases such as `Baby P' · ThoseAre we creating problems for the future? Children, young people and the concept of `nature deficit of children and young people · Current key policies · Children's health and well-being · Benefits of contact

364

The Bleedin' Obvious: Long-Term Support Reconnects At-Risk Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty young people with a history of incarceration, substance abuse and disconnection provided Whitelion with insight into "what worked" in changing their at-risk behaviours. The answer was obvious--state support beyond 18 years of age, perhaps until the mid-twenties. These young people require specialised intervention, and help accessing…

Lemmon, Alistair

2008-01-01

365

Preferences towards Sex Education and Information from a Religiously Diverse Sample of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to identify the preferences towards sex education and information from a religiously diverse sample of young people. The research builds on growing evidence towards religious affiliation having a strong influence on sexual attitudes and behaviour. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 3,007 young people aged 15-18…

Coleman, Lester

2008-01-01

366

Young people and healthy eating: a systematic review of research on barriers and facilitators  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systematic review was conducted to examine the barriers to, and facilitators of, healthy eating among young people (11-16 years). The review focused on the wider determinants of health, examining community- and society-level interventions. Seven outcome evaluations and eight studies of young people's views were included. The effectiveness of the interventions was mixed, with improvements in knowledge and increases in

J. Shepherd; A. Harden; R. Rees; G. Brunton; J. Garcia; S. Oliver; A. Oakley

2006-01-01

367

The Analysis of Young People's Experiences of Domestic Violence: Spiritual and Emotional Journeys through Suffering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hermeneutical analysis of the stories of young people who have experienced domestic violence is described as multi-layered having been developed from a voice centred relational methodology. The purpose was to uncover the complexity of lived experience. As the analysis proceeded, the young people's voices emerged as "feeling" voices,…

Collis, Sue M.

2009-01-01

368

Culturally Appropriate Mentoring for Horn of African Young People in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about how to appropriately adapt mentoring programs for young people from the Horn of Africa, even though they have been arriving in Australia in significantly increasing numbers. These young people face unique challenges as a result of their age, ethnicity, migration and direct/indirect trauma experiences. The results of this…

Griffiths, Megan; Sawrikar, Pooja; Muir, Kristy

2009-01-01

369

Considerations on the Involvement of Young People as Co-Inquirers in Abuse and Neglect Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article considers challenges faced in undertaking research work that examines issues of abuse and neglect, with young people acting in the role of co-inquirer. Based on a research process devised to support a qualitative study exploring why young people think they are frequently not believed when they report abuse and neglect, consideration is…

Tucker, Stan

2013-01-01

370

Strategies of Young People's Self-Determination in Life in the Sphere of Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The labor market for young people can be seen as an independent, integral segment of the overall labor market, one that can be singled out on the basis of the way that young people function in society as a special social and demographic group characterized by the needs and interests that are typical of it, a group that occupies a specific place in…

Skutneva, S. V.

2007-01-01

371

Us and Them: Young People's Constructions of National Identity in Cyprus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore young people's constructions of national identity in Cyprus. The article is based on focus group discussions with 20 Greek-speaking and 20 Turkish-speaking young people between 13 and 15 years of age, drawn from two schools in the divided capital city of Nicosia. The article explores both the ways in which…

Leonard, Madeleine

2012-01-01

372

Transition to Adult Services for Young People with Disabilities: Current Evidence to Guide Future Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines the evidence upon which best practice guidelines for transition to adulthood for young people with physical and developmental disabilities were developed in Ontario, Canada, through consensus activities. Evidence was gathered from published and unpublished literature and focus groups with young people, parents, community…

Stewart, Debra

2009-01-01

373

Participation--For a Change: Disabled Young People Lead the Way  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtually every Government programme for children and every Government Department in the UK is expected to involve children and young people in its policy development and service delivery (Children and Young People's Unit, 2001). It is the new orthodoxy. Yet, hard questions are often avoided when reciting the mantra of participation. Why bother?…

Badham, Bill

2004-01-01

374

Visibility, Immobility and Stigma: Young People's Use of Sexual Health Services in Rural Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teenage pregnancy has become a major policy issue, for which young people are often publicly held solely responsible. However, a combination of factors substantially increases the risks of conception faced by young people engaging in early sexual activity. This article reports the main findings of a study of teenage pregnancy in linked seaside and…

Craig, Gary; Stanley, Nicky

2006-01-01

375

The Usefulness of Motivational Interviewing as a Consultation and Assessment Tool for Working with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous case-study research has explored the efficacy of motivational interviewing (MI) as a therapeutic approach for supporting young people in schools. This article considers how MI may additionally be used as an assessment and consultation tool for ascertaining the needs of disaffected young people and identifying appropriate support…

Kittles, Michelle; Atkinson, Cathy

2009-01-01

376

School-Age Prework Experiences of Young People with a History of Specific Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with specific language impairment (SLI) are at risk for poorer outcomes with respect to employment in adulthood, yet little is known of how early school-age prework experiences prepare them for the job market. This study examined whether young people with SLI engage in similar types of early work experiences as their typically…

Durkin, Kevin; Fraser, Jill; Conti-Ramsden, Gina

2012-01-01

377

Listening to Excluded Young People's Experiences of e-Safety and Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on excluded young people's experiences with and management of e-safety and risk. It has importance in exploring these concerns given that excluded young people's voices are very often absent in education and technology research and yet they are potentially more at risk when using Information and Communication…

Cranmer, Sue

2013-01-01

378

Neuroenhancement in Young People: Proposal for Research, Policy, and Clinical Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychotropic neuroenhancement by young people under 18 is growing, and is certain to increase further with the availability of effective drugs and increasing tolerance for neuroenhancement practices. Use of these agents by young people for purposes of enhancement has social and ethical implications that require scrutiny and analysis. It is particularly important that these analyses do not simply translate normative

Ilina Singh; Kelly J. Kelleher

2010-01-01

379

Engaging Young People with Atypical Gender Identity Development in Therapeutic Work: A Developmental Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender identity disorders (GID) in young people are complex and often distressing conditions. The paper starts by examining the experience of the professional worker resulting from the interaction with this group of young people and their families. This is frequently characterised by a sense of being under pressure and in danger. The view put…

Di Ceglie, Domenico

2009-01-01

380

Peer education as a means of drug prevention and education among young people: an evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer education has become increasingly popular in Britain as a method of drug education and prevention for young people. Few initiatives nave undergone formal evaluation and the extent to which such programmes influence the drug use of young people is consequently unknown. The results from a process evaluation of a community based peer intervention are presented here. Research and evaluation

Jennifer Ward; Gillian Hunter; Robert Power

1997-01-01

381

Negotiating Digital Literacy Practices across School and Home: Case Studies of Young People in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we suggest a view of young people's digital technology use as negotiated social and literate practice. Rather than emphasising the boundedness of school and home spaces and literacy practices, we argue that young people's practices that develop around their use of digital technologies flow across these spaces, making simple…

Bulfin, Scott; North, Sue

2007-01-01

382

Children and Young People's Views on Web 2.0 Technologies. LGA Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web 2.0 technologies are online tools that allow users to share, collaborate and interact with one another. This small-scale project focused on young people's personal use of social media, and on the potential to use these tools to collect the views of young people and involve them in democracy in communities and local authorities. The main…

Rudd, Peter; Walker, Matthew

2010-01-01

383

Learning and Earning: The Impact of Paid Employment on Young People in Full-Time Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first stage of research into the impact of part-time employment on young people in full-time education analyzed questionnaires from 555 young people aged 14-19 in 7 secondary schools and in 7 further education sector colleges in Britain. A literature review focused on issues involved in combining part-time employment and full-time education.…

Davies, Peter

384

Utopia and Its Discontents: How Young People Are Making Sense of the Public Sphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how producers of civic websites and youth themselves understand the role of deliberation and the public sphere and how this influences their political participation. The authors analyze interviews with young people and with producers of civic websites aimed at young people in Slovenia and contrast the normative ideas of respondents with theories of deliberative democracy. The respondents

Aleksander Sašo Brlek Sla??ek; Maja Han??i?? Turnšek

2010-01-01

385

Young People with Learning Disabilities Living in State Care: Their Emotional, Behavioural and Mental Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with learning disabilities are significantly more at risk of developing mental health difficulties than their non-disabled peers, with prevalence rates of around 40% commonly reported. Nevertheless, high levels of mental health problems also exist among young people living in state care. However, few studies have examined the mental…

Taggart, Laurence; Cousins, Wendy; Milner, Sharon

2007-01-01

386

Religious Education in the Experience of Young People from Mixed-Faith Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of a recent ethnographic study at the University of Warwick of the religious identity formation of young people in "mixed-faith" families, this article focuses on their (and their parents') experiences and perceptions of religious education (RE) and of religious nurture in the community. The young people's experience of RE differed…

Arweck, Elisabeth; Nesbitt, Eleanor

2011-01-01

387

Acculturation and Religion in Schools: The Views of Young People from Minority Belief Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to explore the relationship between religious identity, acculturation strategies and perceptions of acculturation orientation in the school context amongst young people from minority belief backgrounds. Based on a qualitative study including interviews with 26 young people from religious minority belief backgrounds in Northern…

Niens, Ulrike; Mawhinney, Alison; Richardson, Norman; Chiba, Yuko

2013-01-01

388

Physical Restraint in Residential Childcare: The Experiences of Young People and Residential Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have long been concerns about the use of physical restraint in residential care. This article presents the findings of a qualitative study that explores the experiences of children, young people and residential workers of physical restraint. The research identifies the dilemmas and ambiguities for both staff and young people, and…

Steckley, Laura; Kendrick, Andrew

2008-01-01

389

Focus groups with young people: a participatory approach to research planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present our experiences of conducting focus groups with young people as part of a participatory approach to research design and participant recruitment. The research is a prospective, 10-year, qualitative, longitudinal project investigating young people's daily lives, relationships, and identities, and the ways these change over time. It adopts a multi-method approach in which each participant has

Anna Bagnoli; Andrew Clark

2010-01-01

390

Sex and Relationships Education in Schools: The Views and Experiences of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to investigate how young people are using school-based sources of sex and relationships education (SRE) to obtain information and advice. Design/methodology/approach: The paper shows how anonymous self-completion questionnaires were administered to young people aged between 12 and 19 years in three secondary…

Selwyn, Neil; Powell, Eryl

2007-01-01

391

The Youth Worker's Role in Young People's Sexual Health: A Practice Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual health promotion is of primary importance for young people in Australia, especially for vulnerable and at-risk young people. The authors first identify the important role of youth workers in engaging clients proactively around a broad range of sexual health issues, and then discuss real and perceived barriers that youth workers face in…

Janssen, Marty; Davis, Jackie

2009-01-01

392

Children and Young People of Kent: Survey 2006/7. Final Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) was commissioned by Kent County Council (KCC) to conduct an independent survey of children and young people in Kent. The council and its partner agencies wanted to find out what children and young people thought about a range of issues related to the five Every Child Matters (ECM) outcomes.…

Chamberlain, Tamsin; Easton, Claire; Morris, Marian; Riggall, Anna

2007-01-01

393

Alternative Education Sites and Marginalised Young People: "I Wish There Were More Schools Like This One"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on research conducted in alternative schools/flexible learning centres designed to support young people marginalised from mainstream schooling in Australia. Many of the young people attending these centres had left school due to difficult personal circumstances and/or significant conflicts with schooling authorities. We argue…

McGregor, Glenda; Mills, Martin

2012-01-01

394

Shifting the boundaries of cultural spaces: young people and everyday multiculturalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the significance of everyday intercultural social practice enacted in the mundane sites of young people's daily life to the development of new research directions for multicultural youth studies. It explores the idea of everyday multiculturalism as an appropriate analytical approach for understanding the ways that young people deal with cultural difference in conditions of super-diversity. It considers

Anita Harris

2009-01-01

395

On minding and not minding. providing a therapeutic space for children and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is evidence that the emotional needs of our children and young people are growing. Increased therapeutic responses are required in order to help both children and young people as well as professional child care workers to understand and manage significant emotional difficulties. Threshold's response is the provision of a brief, psychotherapeutically informed counselling service delivered through Primary Care. This

George Crawford; Bobby Moore

2000-01-01

396

Councils, consultations and community: rethinking the spaces for children and young people's participation1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The participation of children and young people in decisions that affect them is now mainstream in social and public policy in the UK. Yet for many young people formal participation opportunities are abstracted from everyday lives and concerns. Children may not feel empowered despite the existence of formal structures for participation. This raises questions about how ‘spaces’ for participation are

Barry Percy-Smith

2010-01-01

397

Gambling among young Thai people in Melbourne, Australia: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study reported in this paper was to explore the gambling behaviours of young Thai people resident in Melbourne, Australia; the meaning that gambling had for this group; whether the attitudes of these young Thai people towards gambling changed as a result of their location in a society with more relaxed attitudes towards gambling than in Thailand;

Nattaporn Tanasornnarong; Alun Jackson; Shane Thomas

2004-01-01

398

The Relative Priority of Personal Safety Concerns for Young People on Public Transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a survey of young people concerning personal safety and public transport. Previous research suggests concerns amongst public transport users in general with regarding personal safety issues. Young people are highly dependent on public transport and tend to travel at times (evenings) and locations (fringe areas) where personal safety issues are more prevalent. Research on

Sarah Mahmoud; Graham Currie

2010-01-01

399

The relative priority of personal safety concerns for young people on public transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a survey of young people concerning personal safety and public transport. Previous research suggests concerns amongst public transport users in general with regarding personal safety issues. Young people are highly dependent on public transport and tend to travel at times (evenings) and locations (fringe areas) where personal safety issues are more prevalent. Research on

Sarah Mahmoud; Graham Currie

2010-01-01

400

Changing the Culture of Young People's Binge Drinking: From Motivations to Practical Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: This paper explores young people's own opinions about how the "drinking to get drunk" culture can be changed. More precisely, the two objectives of this study were to explore: (1) whether young people viewed binge drinking as a real "problem"; and (2) what they thought could be done to reduce binge drinking. Methods: Forty in-depth…

Coleman, Lester; Cater, Suzanne

2007-01-01

401

Studying Young People's New Media Use: Methodological Shifts and Educational Innovations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of good information about what youth are doing with new media stimulates fears and hopes about the relationship between young people and digital technologies. This article focuses on new modes of inquiry into youth new media use, highlighting the challenges, complexities, and opportunities inherent in studying young people's digital…

Pascoe, C. J.

2012-01-01

402

Psychopathology in Children and Adolescents with Autism Compared to Young People with Intellectual Disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a specific pattern of behavioural, communication and social problems. Additional mental health problems are often poorly understood and undetected. This study investigates the level and pattern of emotional and behavioural problems in young people with autism compared with children with intellectual disability (ID). Subjects were 381 young people with autism and a representative group

Avril V. Brereton; Bruce J. Tonge; Stewart L. Einfeld

2006-01-01

403

Initiatives to Support Disadvantaged Young People: Enhancing Social Capital and Acknowledging Personal Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on findings from ethnographic research which explored the impact of the Connexions initiative on the lives of young people. The fieldwork took place in three drop-in centres for young people, all of which were delivery sites for Connexions. Utilising the theoretical concepts of identity and self-esteem, it grounded this…

Phillips, Rosemary F.

2010-01-01

404

Young people's views on the nature and purposes of physical education: a sociological analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Amid the long-standing debate about the nature and purposes of physical education (PE) in schools, comparatively little research has examined the ways in which PE is viewed by young people themselves. This study set out, therefore, to explore young people's views on the nature and purposes of PE from a sociological perspective in the belief that a more adequate understanding

Andy Smith; Michael Parr

2007-01-01

405

Researching with young people on health and environment: the politics of self-esteem and stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a research project with young people from a group called the Bellarine Youth Network (BYN). The project involved the identification of the perceptions of health and environmental issues held by these young people. A foundation of the project was that perceptions of health and environment were socially constructed, and reflected vested inter- ests and political agendas. Traditional

Derek Colquhoun

1997-01-01

406

Angry Youth of the New Century and the Patriotism of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors of this article analyze the expressions of extreme patriotism and promotion of nationalism on the Internet by some young people (the kind of young people frequently referred to as "angry youth") during the popularization of network technology and the rapid development of popular culture in the new century. Proceeding from domestic…

Xiaoqi, Shan; Zhanxin, Guo

2011-01-01

407

The Pathways Framework Meets Consumer Culture: Young People, Careers, and Commitment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article engages with current debates in New Zealand over the legitimacy of various young people's activities within a transition-to-work framework based around the metaphor of "pathways". The article argues for a more complex understanding of the imperatives young people now face in choosing careers within a deregulated, seamless tertiary…

Vaughan, Karen

2005-01-01

408

Improving Methods of Consulting with Young People: Piloting a New Model of Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National and international legislation has increasingly placed a duty on professionals to consult with young people about matters affecting their lives. Consequently, conducting consultation exercises with young people in order to improve the quality of services available is becoming established practice in many areas. Following on from previous…

Woolfson, Richard C.; Bryce, Donna; Mooney, Lindsay; Harker, Michael; Lowe, Dorothy; Ferguson, Ellen

2008-01-01

409

Can We Use Young People's Knowledge to Develop Teachers and HIV-Related Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite recent progress in meeting the goals of the Education for All agenda, certain groups of young people are particularly vulnerable to exclusion and underachievement, including children with HIV/AIDS, children living in poverty, and children with disabilities. HIV/AIDS has reduced many young people's rights to access education, to live a full…

McLaughlin, Colleen; Swartz, Sharlene

2011-01-01

410

Taking the 21st Century Seriously: Young People, Education and Socio-Technical Futures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rhetoric about young people's "ownership" of future socio-technical change is a familiar part of much educational and political discourse. This does not, however, translate in practice into a meaningful dialogue with young people about the sorts of futures they might wish to see emerge. This paper argues that a number of social and technological…

Facer, Keri

2012-01-01

411

Constructing Identities and Making Careers: Young People's Perspectives on Work and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that "transition" offers a limited and outmoded conceptual frame for understanding young people's engagement with work and learning. It draws on two studies of young people to provide insights into the study and work experiences of older and school-aged youth. Our analysis suggests that rather than focussing narrowly on…

Stokes, Helen; Wyn, Johanna

2007-01-01

412

Young People's Gatherings in the Urban Public Realm enhancement of or distraction from its liveability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on where young people gather in the urban public realm, and the effect that this may have on the perceived liveability of an area. Gatherings of young people have become very topical in the UK in recent years, especially because of the way that the public perceives this activity as intimidating and potentially aggressive. This has resulted

Reem Zako

2009-01-01

413

The Social Construction of Young People within Education Policy: Evidence from the UK's Coalition Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since assuming power in May 2010, the UK's Coalition government has devoted considerable energy to formulating its policies with respect to young people. Evidence of this can be found in "Positive for youth: a new approach to cross-government policy for young people aged 13-19", a policy text that outlines a wide range of measures to be…

Brooks, Rachel

2013-01-01

414

'Young clean and safe?' young people's perceptions of risk from sexually transmitted infections in regional, rural and remote Australia.  

PubMed

This paper examines young people's perceived vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and their efforts to create a sense of personal safety within an environment in which risks may be high and where STIs are highly stigmatised. The paper reports on findings from research involving both Indigenous and non-Indigenous 16- to 25-year-olds from remote, rural and regional Australia, including communities in the Northern Territory, Western Australia and South Australia. The study used qualitative methods, including body mapping and scenario based interviewing, to explore how young people made decisions about potential sexual partners and how STIs were understood within the context of young people's everyday social worlds. The paper has important implications for the design and implementation of sexual-health education programmes by documenting the stigmatisation of young people with STIs and the protective mechanisms peer groups employ to create perceptions of personal safety. PMID:24592872

Senior, Kate; Helmer, Janet; Chenhall, Richard; Burbank, Victoria

2014-01-01

415

WeCan2: exploring the implications of young people with learning disabilities engaging in their own research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of children and young people as researchers has started to gather momentum in response to changing perspectives on their status in society, recognition of their role as consumers and increased attention to children and young people’s rights. There are early signs of a growing body of research studies undertaken by children and young people themselves. To date, this

Mary Kellett

2010-01-01

416

Old ideals and new realities: the changing context of young people's partnerships in Cebu, Philippines.  

PubMed

The Philippines has experienced rapid sociodemographic changes in recent years, with implications for young people. This study combines quantitative and qualitative data from Metro Cebu to assess the timing and predictors of young people's partnerships, as well as the context in which these partnerships are occurring. The majority of young people (54%) had premarital sex, though this pattern varied by gender. Wealthier, urban young men, and women with less education and lower reported religiosity, were more likely to have premarital sex. Engagement in risk behaviours was predictive of premarital sex for both males and females. The qualitative data contextualise the circumstances under which young people engage in sex and form partnerships and illustrate how sociocultural norms contribute to gender differences in partnership patterns. Given the 'new' realities of young Filipinos' lives, targeted efforts to support the transition to adulthood are needed to avert potentially adverse life events. PMID:22587636

Gipson, Jessica D; Gultiano, Socorro A; Avila, Josephine L; Hindin, Michelle J

2012-01-01

417

A study of young peoples' attitudes to opportunistic Chlamydia testing in UK general practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess young people's perceptions of being offered a chlamydia screening test in United Kingdom (UK) general practice. METHODS: This is qualitative study that uses focus groups and individual interviews with young adults (age 16 – 18) to assess their views. RESULTS: These young adults were a difficult group to gain access to.

Joanne Heritage; Melvyn Jones

2008-01-01

418

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the ninth volume of a series designed and written for young readers ages 9 and above. It contains three issues and profiles individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

2000-01-01

419

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the eighth volume of a series designed and written for the young reader aged 9 and above. It contains three issues and covers individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

1999-01-01

420

Researching young people's sexuality and learning about sex: experience, need, and sex and relationship education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes findings from an in-depth case study of young people's sexuality and learning about sex. Focus groups and unstructured interviews were conducted with young women and young men aged 15-16 years in a school in the north of England. Analysis focused on disjunctions between reported sexual behaviour in a park and in a bedsitting room, and the content

Julia Hirst

2004-01-01

421

Psychosocial Risk Factors for Inconsistent Condom Use in Young People with First Episode Psychosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is evidence of high rates of unprotected sex among young people with first episode psychosis compared to their peers.\\u000a Little research has explored factors associated with condom use in this population. The current study examined the association\\u000a between previously identified psychosocial risk factors and condom use in young people with early psychosis and their peers.\\u000a Sixty-seven sexually active young

Adrienne P. BrownDan; Dan I. Lubman; Susan J. Paxton

422

Access routes to higher education for young people with disabilities: A question of chance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade access initiatives have been designed to facilitate greater access and participation for people from marginalised groups who have traditionally been excluded from higher education. In common with international trends, young people with disabilities in Ireland have been included in this process. However, people with disabilities remain under?represented in higher education. This study explored the quality of

Michael Shevlin; Mairin Kenny; Eileen Me Neela

2004-01-01

423

Sleep Disturbance in the Homeless Population: The Relationship between Homelessness, Sleep and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about how sleep disruption impacts physical health among the homeless. The association between homelessness, quality of sleep and physical health were investigated in the current study. Convenience sampling was used to select participants from a pool of people attending the programs of Ecclesia Ministries. Interviews were conducted with 32 persons from the Boston metropolitan area, of whom

Megan Elizabeth Corning

2010-01-01

424

Assessing the Mental Health Needs of Young People Living in State Care Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people living in the state care system are often reported to experience poorer levels of mental health and wellbeing. Government policy encourages a holistic approach to the assessment of all aspects of health and wellbeing of these young people. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a mental health screener for young people

McCrystal, Patrick; McAloney, Kareena

2010-01-01

425

Where Next? Transition Pathways for Young People With Learning Difficulties in U.K. Residential Schools and Colleges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people with learning difficulties who go to residential special schools and colleges are a highly vulnerable group, often living a long way from home. Transition towards adulthood requires careful planning and support for both young people and their families. Despite national policy and guidance in this area, this paper suggests that young people with learning difficulties in out of

David Abbott; Pauline Heslop

426

"They Have Opened Our Mouths": Increasing Women's Skills and Motivation for Sexual Communication with Young People in Rural South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communication between parents and young people about sex has been identified as a positive influence on young people's sexual behavior. This article presents findings from South Africa, where a social intervention to reduce levels of HIV and intimate partner violence actively promoted sexual communication between adults and young people. We…

Phetla, Godfrey; Busza, Joanna; Hargreaves, James R.; Pronyk, Paul M.; Kim, Julia C.; Morison, Linda A.; Watts, Charlotte; Porter, John D. H.

2008-01-01

427

What Can Be Learned from the Roller Coaster Journeys of Young People Making Ultimately Successful Transitions beyond School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project investigated the interrelationships between family expectations and young people's post-school plans. All of the participants were from financially disadvantaged families. The research used interviews to understand these young people's perspectives of their transition experiences: the ways in which young people's school experiences…

Bryce, Jennifer; Anderson, Michelle

2008-01-01

428

How They Got It and How They Wanted It: Marginalised Young People's Perspective on Their Experiences of Sexual Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people in Australia are at greatest risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections, and priority actions are necessary for this population group. This study of marginalised and at-risk young people in out-of-school environments was conducted in Western Australia with the aim of obtaining young people's perceptions about their experience…

Brown, Graham; Sorenson, Anne; Hildebrand, Janina

2012-01-01

429

Knowledge of Contraceptives and Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Contraceptive Practices Amongst Young People in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we examine knowledge of contraceptives and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and contraceptive practices amongst young Vietnamese people. We conducted a qualitative study on sexuality and abortion with young people in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Twelve female and 4 male young people were individually interviewed using an in-depth interview technique. We found that condoms and pills were

Hoa Ngan Nguyen; Pranee Liamputtong; Gregory Murphy

2006-01-01

430

Innovative Space Sciences Education Programs for Young People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future of the world is greatly depends on space. Through space sciences education programs with the main focus is on young people, the society, as a whole will gain in the years to come. The Weizmann Institute of Science is the leading scientific research center in Israel. After the need for science education programs for young students was recognized, the institute established its Youth Activities Section, which serves as the institute's outreach for the general population of school children nation-wide. The youth activities section holds courses, seminars, science camps etc. for almost 40 years. As an instructor in the youth activities section since 1990, my focus is space sciences programs, such as rocketry courses, planetarium demonstrations, astronomical observations and special events - all in the creed of bringing the space science to everyone, in a enjoyable, innovative and creative way. Two of the courses conducted combines' scientific knowledge, hands-on experience and a glimpse into the work of space programs: the rocketry courses offered a unique chance of design, build and fly actual rockets, to height of about 800 meters. The students conduct research on the rockets, such as aerial photography, environmental measurements and aerodynamic research - using student built wind tunnel. The space engineering course extend the high frontier of the students into space: the objective of a two year course is to design, build an launch an experiments package to space, using one of NASA's GAS programs. These courses, combined with special guest lectures by Weizmann institute's senior researchers, tours to facilities like satellite control center, clean rooms, the aeronautical industry, give the students a chance to meet with "the real world" of space sciences applications and industry, and this - in turn - will have payback effect on the society as a whole in years to come. The activities of space sciences education include two portable planetariums, 4 telescopes and special "mobile science" project, which travel to hundreds of school annually, and bring to them mini exhibitions, scientific activities and lectures. Special events are held when something unique happened: in the last years we have had the Galileo special event when the spacecraft arrived at Jupiter; SL-9 event; Mars Pathfinder special event; Mir re- entry event - to name a few. For 11 years, on July 20 we have the Apollo memorial lecture, and a meteors observation night on August 11. The 12 years of experience I have in teaching space sciences subjects to k-12 students, university students and adults, combines with three years as a director of interactive science museum, allowed me to implement my vision of promoting the general knowledge about space and to move a little more in the direction of creating a space oriented, open and globally interacted society in Israel.

Inbar, T.

2002-01-01

431

Young People with Cancer: A Handbook for Parents. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book informs parents and families of children and young adults with cancer about the most common types of cancer in the young, treatments and their side effects, and common issues that arise with a cancer diagnosis. Aspects of the disease, including characteristics of leukemia and solid tumors, are described. Treatment issues discussed…

National Cancer Inst. (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

432

Hungary's Young People Consider America's Bill of Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents observations gathered from interviews with young citizens of post-Communist Hungary. Reports Hungarians' dissatisfaction with the slow pace of change and discusses their interest in the U.S. Bill of Rights. Emphasizes the need for young Hungarians to devote themselves to nation building. Expresses a wish for liberty for the Hungarian…

Bonstingl, John Jay.

1991-01-01

433

Young people's perception of sexual and reproductive health services in Kenya  

PubMed Central

Background Addressing the Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) needs of young people remains a big challenge. This study explored experiences and perceptions of young people in Kenya aged 10–24 with regard to their SRH needs and whether these are met by the available healthcare services. Methods 18 focus group discussions and 39 in-depth interviews were conducted at health care facilities and youth centres across selected urban and rural settings in Kenya. All interviews were tape recorded and transcribed. Data was analysed using the thematic framework approach. Results Young people’s perceptions are not uniform and show variation between boys and girls as well as for type of service delivery. Girls seeking antenatal care and family planning services at health facilities characterise the available services as good and staff as helpful. However, boys perceive services at health facilities as designed for women and children, and therefore feel uncomfortable seeking services. At youth centres, young people value the non-health benefits including availability of recreational facilities, prevention of idleness, building of confidence, improving interpersonal communication skills, vocational training and facilitation of career progression. Conclusion Providing young people with SRH information and services through the existing healthcare system, presents an opportunity that should be further optimised. Providing recreational activities via youth centres is reported by young people themselves to not lead to increased uptake of SRH healthcare services. There is need for more research to evaluate how perceived non-health benefits young people do gain from youth centres could lead to improved SRH of young people. PMID:24731733

2014-01-01

434

Development of research and educational program for involving Ukraine's young people in space research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the objective, principles of formation and realization of the scientific and educational program for involving Ukraine's young people in space research as well as the structure and content of the constituents of this program.

Alpatov, A. P.; Zevako, V. S.; Pylypenko, O. V.; Khorolskii, P. P.; Khutornyi, V. V.

435

Accessing flexible learning opportunities: children’s and young people’s use of laptops in a paediatric hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hospitalised children and young people not only face challenges to their health but also to their continued education and social connections. These challenges can impact on future life trajectories, so it is crucial to maintain learning and socialising. Educational technologies, such as laptops and iPads, are used in the multidisciplinary educational programme provided to patients at the Royal Children’s Hospital,

Amy Nisselle; Shaun Hanns; Julie Green; Tony Jones

2012-01-01

436

TheQualityofYoungPeople'sHeterosexualRelationships: ALongitudinalAnalysisofCharacteristicsShaping SubjectiveExperience  

Microsoft Academic Search

CONTEXT: Research on young people's sexual relationships often overlooks subjective experiences and enjoyment. Perceived quality of sexual relationships may be related to gender, background characteristics, circumstances of first intercourse and subsequent sexual history. METHODS: Longitudinal data from 13-16-year-olds who participated in randomized trials of school sex education in either Scotland (N=5,356) or England (N=6,269) were used to examine young people's

Daniel Wight; Alison Parkes; Vicki Strange; Elizabeth Allen; Chris Bonell; Marion Henderson

437

Depressed Mood as a Risk Factor for Unprotected Sex in Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Young people may place themselves and others at risk of sexually transmitted infections (STI) and\\/or the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through engaging in unprotected sex. Mental health problems may play an important role in sex-related risk behaviour. The current research was an investigation of depressed mood and condom use in a helpseeking sample of young people in Melbourne, Australia.Method:

Adrienne Brown; Alison Yung; Elizabeth Cosgrave; Eóin Killackey; Joe Buckby; Carrie Stanford; Katherine Godfrey; Patrick Mcgorry

2006-01-01

438

The Gift of the Gab?: A Design Oriented Sociology of Young People's Use of Mobiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper reports on an ethnographicallyinformed,observation of the use of mobile phones and text messaging,services amongst,young people. It offers a sociological explanation for the popularity of text messaging,and for the sharing of mobile phones between,co-proximate persons. Specifically, it reveals that young people use mobile phone content and the phones themselves to participate in the practices of gift exchange. By

Alex S. Taylor; Richard H. R. Harper

2003-01-01

439

Youth, gangs and violence: Analysing the social and spatial mobility of young people in Guatemala City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth gangs have become an increasingly significant, and controversial, social institution in low-income communities in many cities in Central America, and yet the local-level impacts of this phenomenon, especially on young people, remain under-explored. Drawing on research with young people in Guatemala City, this paper explores the multiple barriers to the social and spatial mobility of both gang and non-gang

Ailsa Winton

2005-01-01

440

Preferences towards sex education and information from a religiously diverse sample of young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to identify the preferences towards sex education and information from a religiously diverse sample of young people. The research builds on growing evidence towards religious affiliation having a strong influence on sexual attitudes and behaviour. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of 3,007 young people aged 15-18 attending schools in London, UK, completed a cross-sectional survey. The

Lester Coleman

2008-01-01

441

Trajectories of Cultural Identity Development of Young Immigrant People: The Impact of Family Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on socio-cultural and social representations theory this paper explores processes of cultural identity development\\u000a in immigrant young people. Empirical data (that draws on the analysis of data from a much larger three-year research project)\\u000a on experiences of Portuguese young people living in England, including the perspectives of their parents and teachers, is\\u000a selectively used. Examples are used to explore

Guida de Abreu; Hannah Hale

2011-01-01

442

School well?being among young people: is it influenced by the parents’ socioeconomic background?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to explore whether the socioeconomic background of the parents has an impact on the school well?being of young people aged 14–18. The literature concerning the position of young people with a lower socioeconomic background in education, reports the so?called gaps between home and school, unequal opportunities, unequal treatment, etc. As a consequence, it is

Veerle Vyverman; Nicole Vettenburg

2009-01-01

443

The Impact of School-Based Counselling on Young People's Capacity to Study and Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how school-based counselling might impact young people's capacity to study and learn. Previous research has indicated that counselling in schools has an indirect positive impact on academic achievement. A mixed methods approach, using a semi-structured qualitative interview and a brief rating scale, was employed with 21 young

Rupani, Pooja; Haughey, Nuala; Cooper, Mick

2012-01-01

444

Ambiguities around Sexuality: An Approach to Understanding Harassment and Bullying of Young People in British Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a small study undertaken in 2001, which examined the experiences of and responses to sexual harassment and bullying adopted by different professionals (teachers, education social workers, youth workers and a school nurse) and by young people (12 to 25-year-olds). It draws together some of the literature relating to young

Trotter, Joy

2009-01-01

445

Politics in the Scope of the Vital Interests of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an empirical study of young Russians' participation in political life and how they view the influence of politics on their lives. This study investigates, first, the extent to which young people are interested in politics compared to other spheres of public life. Second, it looks at the extent to which political…

Zvonovskii, Vladimir

2009-01-01

446

Mobility, education and livelihood trajectories for young people in rural Ghana: a gender perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the gendered implications of Africa's transport gap (the lack of cheap, regular and reliable transport) for young people in rural Ghana, with particular reference to the linkages between restricted mobility, household work demands, access to education and livelihood potential. Our aim is to show how mobility constraints, especially as these interact with household labour demands, restrict young

Gina Porter; Kate Hampshire; Albert Abane; Augustine Tanle; Kobina Esia-Donkoh; Regina Obilie Amoako-Sakyi; Samuel Agblorti; Samuel Asiedu Owusu

2011-01-01

447

Understanding reasons for drug use amongst young people: a functional perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses a functional perspective to examine the reasons young people cite for using psychoactive substances. The study sample comprised 364 young poly-drug users recruited using snowball-sampling methods. Data on life- time and recent frequency and intensity of use for alcohol, cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, LSD and cocaine are presented. A majority of the participants had used at least one

Annabel Boys; John Marsden; John Strang

2001-01-01

448

Young Children Selectively Avoid Helping People With Harmful Intentions Amrisha Vaish, Malinda Carpenter, and Michael Tomasello  

E-print Network

. In Study 1 (N = 54), 3-year-olds watched 1 adult (the actor) harming or helping another adult. ChildrenYoung Children Selectively Avoid Helping People With Harmful Intentions Amrisha Vaish, Malinda whether young children are selectively prosocial toward others, based on the others' moral behaviors

Carpenter, M.alinda

449

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprising the sixth volume of a series, this document contains short biographies written for the young reader aged 9 and older. The series covers individuals who are of particular interest to young people: entertainers, athletes, authors, cartoonists, and political leaders. Each issue contains 10 to 12 entries that include photographs and…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

1997-01-01

450

Young People, Social Exclusion and Inter-Generational Tension in a Rural Somerset Town  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to explore how the myth of the "rural idyll" can be detrimental to those who currently experience some of the greatest social exclusion in rural areas--children and young people. The research explores the views and experiences of the young residents of a small town in the south-west of England (n = 157, ages 12-18 years). The…

Meek, Rosie

2008-01-01

451

Cyberbullying: Experiences, Impacts and Coping Strategies as Described by Australian Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyberbullying impacts on the wellbeing, schooling, family and peer relationships of many young people. The current study of 548 young Australians revealed that cyberbullying is a group phenomenon most prevalent during the transitional ages between primary and secondary school. It takes on many forms and shows an overlap in roles between "bully"…

Price, Megan; Dalgleish, John

2010-01-01

452

New Developments in the Education and Professional Activity of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The younger generation of Russians is entering adult life at a time in which the information society is being formed, where education, knowledge, and the possession of information are coming to be key resources to ensure success. As previous studies have shown, most young people place a high value on getting a good education. Young Russians also…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2010-01-01

453

Children and Young People Presenting Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties: Policy, Planning and Strategic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This keynote speech addressed the growing concern among educators, parents, and the community about the instances of extreme aberrant behavior by school children and young adults. Understanding and responding to children or young people who present disturbing behavior is difficult since no two individuals act in the same way, nor are the reasons…

Douglas-Hamilton, James

454

Avoiding shame: young LGBT people, homophobia and self?destructive behaviours  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on findings from qualitative research conducted in the UK that sought to explore the connections between sexual identities and self?destructive behaviours in young people. International evidence demonstrates that there are elevated rates of suicide and alcohol abuse amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth. Rarely included in this body of research are investigations into young LGBT

Elizabeth McDermott; Katrina Roen; Jonathan Scourfield

2008-01-01

455

Engaging Young People as a Community Development Strategy in the Wisconsin Northwoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter focuses on two remote rural communities that engaged young people in meaningful community development efforts to build social capital. One community connected youth to the assets of the community and created opportunities for young adults to strengthen social networks. The other created partnerships and networks to build…

Andresen, William; Dallapiazza, Margaret; Calvert, Matthew

2013-01-01

456

Young People and the Justice System: Consideration of Maturity in Criminal Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The age of majority determines when a young person is considered adult in the eyes of the law, and in many countries this is set at 18 years. This does not take into account the differing ways and time-frames in which young people mature and develop. In justice systems in which individuals can be awarded leniency due to mental impairment,

Claire Bryan-Hancock; Sharon Casey

2011-01-01

457

Addressing the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people in the informal sector in Mali  

Microsoft Academic Search

From December 2005 to November 2007 Family Care International (FCI) and the Association of Child and Young Workers of Mali implemented a project that employed the life skills approach to promote sexual and reproductive health and prevent HIV infection among young people in the informal sector in the capital city of Bamako. The project targeted females and males aged 14

F. Kane; B. Soumano

2008-01-01

458

Self Harm and Suicide Risk for Same-Sex Attracted Young People: A Family Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the risks of self-harm and suicide and in particular the importance of family in mental health outcomes for same-sex attracted young people. Mental health workers can assist families gain confidence in dealing with the news that a young person is same-sex attracted. Implications for practitioners and a model for affirmative…

Brown, Rhonda

2002-01-01

459

Utilizing the New Media to Provide Mental Health Services to Young People H. Kritzenberger, M. Herczeg  

E-print Network

problems, especially with ecstasy. The service is offered by the Medical University of Luebeck in the subject area of ecstasy addiction and works also with young drug addicts in drug clinics. The work young peoples life- styles. They get party drugs or designer drugs, like ecstasy (XTC) or speed even

Lübeck, Universität zu

460

Online counselling: With particular focus on young people and support  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terms 'cyber counselling', 'online counselling', 'web based counselling' and 'online support', are used more frequently than ever before with far less reason for concern. Health support agencies are slowly resigning to the fact that technology is a part of more peoples' lives and that with or without agencies on board, people are turning to technology for many reasons which

Nicol Moulding

2007-01-01

461

Young People's Voices: Disciplining Young People's Participation in Decision-Making in Special Educational Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, education and family policy in the UK has sought to incorporate the views of children and young people through an active participation agenda, in the fulfilment of children's rights under the obligations of the UN Convention for the Rights of the Child. Drawing on empirical evidence, this paper suggests that this aspiration…

McKay, Jane

2014-01-01

462

Young People in Transition--The Local Investment. A Handbook Concerning the Social and Vocational Integration of Young People: Local and Regional Initiatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for practitioners rather than policymakers, this document is intended for those who seek to relate educational and training opportunities to local and individual needs; use fresh approaches to integrated services for young people trapped by unemployment, social and economic change, and poor living conditions; and achieve high quality…

Harrison, Jeremy; McLeish, Henry

463

Living with severe allergy: an Anaphylaxis Campaign national survey of young people  

PubMed Central

Background The transition to adulthood can be particularly challenging for young people with severe allergies, who must learn to balance personal safety with independent living. Information and support for young people and their families are crucial to successfully managing this transition. We sought to: gather insights into the impact of severe allergies on the lives of young people; explore where young people go for information about anaphylaxis and what information they want and need; identify areas where further support is needed. Methods An online questionnaire survey of young people aged 15–25 years with severe allergies in the United Kingdom (UK) was conducted on behalf of the Anaphylaxis Campaign, the main patient support organisation. Participants were recruited mainly from the Anaphylaxis Campaign membership database and also via allergy clinics and social media. The study was funded by the Anaphylaxis Campaign’s In Memoriam Fund. Results A total of 520 young people responded to the survey. The majority had lived with severe allergies since they were young children; 59% reported having attended Accident and Emergency units as a consequence of their allergies. Only 66% of respondents reported always carrying their epinephrine auto-injectors; only 23% had ever used these. Few were currently receiving specialist allergy care; younger respondents were more likely to be under specialist care (34%) than those 18 years and above (23%). Respondents wanted more information about eating out (56%), travelling (54%) and food labelling (43%). Almost a quarter of respondents (23%) reported needing more information on managing their allergies independently without parental help. Managing allergies in the context of social relationships was a concern for 22% of respondents. Conclusions This survey has identified the information and support needs and gaps in service provision for young people with severe allergies. Healthcare professionals and patient support organisations, with the support of the food industry, can help to meet these needs. PMID:23339770

2013-01-01

464

Homelessness in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book about homelessness in the United States offers 16 chapters in three parts. Part 1, "History Definitions, and Causes," includes: (1) "Redefining the Cursed Word: A Historical Interpretation of American Homelessness" (Kim Hopper and Jim Baumohl); (2) "Homelessness: Definitions and Counts" (Martha R. Burt); (3) "The Causes of Homelessness"…

Baumohl, Jim, Ed.

465

Rent control and homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this paper are to produce more precise estimates of the effect of rent control on homelessness using microdata on housed and homeless households and to provide evidence concerning the mechanisms through which rent control might affect homelessness. Our results suggest that rent control does increase homelessness by decreasing the rental vacancy rate and increasing the rental price

Dirk W. Early; Edgar O. Olsen

1998-01-01

466

The Ecology of Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes an ecological model of homelessness drawn from a broad review of the research and practice literature. The spectrum of biopsychosocial risks associated with pathways into homelessness is reviewed, followed by examination of social and individual consequences resulting from periods of homelessness. The temporal dimensions of homelessness, including “first-time,” “episodic,” and “chronic,” are defined and discussed along with

Roger M. Nooe; David A. Patterson

2010-01-01

467

Measuring pain in the context of homelessness  

PubMed Central

Purpose The primary objective of this study was to inform the development of measures of pain impact appropriate for all respondents, including homeless individuals, so that they can be used in clinical research and practice. The secondary objective was to increase understanding about the unique experience of homeless people with pain. Methods Seventeen homeless individuals with chronic health conditions (often associated with pain) participated in cognitive interviews to test the functioning of 56 pain measurement items and provided information about their experience living with and accessing treatment for pain. Results The most common problems identified with items were that they lacked clarity or were irrelevant in the context of homelessness. Items that were unclear, irrelevant and/or had other identified problems made it difficult for participants to respond. Participants also described multiple ways in which their pain was exacerbated by conditions of homelessness and identified barriers to accessing appropriate treatment. Conclusions Results suggested that the majority of items were problematic for the homeless and require substantial modifications to make the pain impact bank relevant to this population. Additional recommendations include involving homeless in future item bank development, conducting research on the topic of pain and homelessness, and using cognitive interviewing in other types of health disparities research. PMID:19582592

Matter, Rebecca; Kline, Susan; Cook, Karon F.; Amtmann, Dagmar

2009-01-01

468

Good News for the Future? Young People, Internet Use, and Political Participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of traditional media and the Internet in relation to young people’s political participation has attracted a great deal of scholarly attention. Starting from a notion of differential media use and an encompassing notion of political participation, this article tests the relationships between media use (newspaper, television, and Internet) and offline and online forms of political participation. Findings from

Tom P. Bakker; Claes H. de Vreese

2011-01-01

469

Negotiating identities: the lives of Pakistani and Bangladeshi young disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has generally amalgamated minority ethnic (all called ‘Asian’ or ‘black’) disabled young people’s experiences and failed to acknowledge the multiple aspects of Asian and black disabled identities, for example how the combined attributes of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, culture, class and disability shape their perspectives and experiences. In an attempt to address this issue my doctoral research explored the

Zoebia Islam

2008-01-01

470

Socializing Young People to Ethics via Play Experience: Browser Games and Parental Concerns for Safety Online  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers an online game and its relation to safety and privacy, in order to examine social and ethical issues raised by parental concern over harmful content. To gain real insights on the responsibility of adults, it develops a hands- on approach that takes into account the major stakeholders, especially young people and the related circle of people around

Divina Frau-Meigs; Divina Meigs

471

The Treasure in Leisure Activities: Fostering Resilience in Young People Who Are Blind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because leisure activities are often viewed as optional, their value to people with disabilities may not be recognized. This study explored the benefits of leisure activities for eight young people who are blind. These activities provided them with supportive relationships, a desirable identity, experiences of power and control, and experiences of…

Jessup, Glenda M.; Cornell, Elaine; Bundy, Anita C.

2010-01-01

472

Using Solution-Focused Approaches in Motivational Interviewing with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the theory and practice of using the solution-focused approach of motivational interviewing (MI) with young people. MI is based on the premise that people are not always at a stage of readiness to change behaviours, such as smoking, drinking or drug use, which are perceived by others to be problematic. The article explores…

Atkinson, Cathy; Amesu, Mawuli

2007-01-01

473

Leading by Example: Creating Motivation That Fosters Positive Change in Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not what one has in life; rather, what is left as the legacy. Personally I have received many awards. However, I feel so much better when I help people receive their own awards. Now, I want to use positive language and positive action to help motivate young people, encouraging them to achieve their own success, as well as foster success in…

Aikens, Curtis G., Sr.

2013-01-01

474

Charles Bolden, NASA Administrator Blastoff: Encouraging Young People to Enter and Stay in the  

E-print Network

1 Charles Bolden, NASA Administrator Blastoff: Encouraging Young People to Enter and Stay in what we do at NASA. Your support for our Agency in the House of Representatives is greatly appreciated people who not only start, but also stay with STEM studies in our schools and universities. The Jobs

Waliser, Duane E.

475

Mental health services for young people from black and minority ethnic backgrounds: the current challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has highlighted problems in accessing mental health services for people from minority ethnic groups. Much of this literature is focused on adults. The Minority Voices study aimed to identify and describe the perceptions and use of mental health services from the viewpoint of black and minority ethnic (BME) young people aged between 12 and 25 in England and Wales,

Zarrina Kurtz

2006-01-01

476

The Process of Perceiving Stigmatization: Perspectives from Taiwanese Young People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a dearth of studies about the causes of stigmatization in people with intellectual disability. This study is aimed at gaining an understanding of how feelings of stigmatization are formed and perceived among young people with intellectual disability in Taiwanese cultural and social contexts. Materials and Methods: Fourteen…

Chen, Chih-Hsuan; Shu, Bih-Ching

2012-01-01

477

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1992-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents biographical profiles of people of interest to young readers. The concept is unique in that the subjects profiled are not necessarily people of great or lasting stature. Many are noted writers or public figures who have made important contributions to the current world, but a goodly number of entries are biographies of…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

1992-01-01

478

Metamorphoses of the Religious and Moral Determination of the Consciousness of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of the renaissance of the religious worldview, practical experience provides evidence that the level of morality and spiritual life in society is not rising. Quite the contrary, in fact: people are witnessing the extensive spread of various forms of deviant behavior, especially among young people. In the sociology of religion a great deal…

Khrienko, Andrei Pavlovich

2009-01-01

479

A Brochure by and for Young People I Think I Might Be Bisexual,  

E-print Network

A Brochure by and for Young People I Think I Might Be Bisexual, Now What Do I Do? I Think I Might Be Bisexual, Now What Do I Do? Advocates For Youth 1025 Vermont Avenue Suite 200 Washington, D.C. 20005 USA. Bisexual people may be monogamous or abstinent or may have multiple sexual partners, just like het

Xuan, Dong

480

[Healthcare institutions for the homeless].  

PubMed

Samusocial is an organisation which provides emergency and longer-term medical respite beds in Paris. They offer, for a duration ranging from a few days to a few years, shelter for homeless people requiring medical care but which no longer merits hospitalisation. The nursing role consists in supporting as part of a multi-professional team these people whose self-esteem and body image have been damaged, to help them construct their life project. PMID:24881236

Pain, Marielle; Kusuamina, Laëticia; Kusuamina, Laëticia

2014-04-01

481

What Provokes Young People to Get into Trouble: Singapore Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors address correctional education and juvenile delinquency. The authors examined the case files of 54 juvenile offenders incarcerated in the Kaki Bukit Center Prison School in Singapore to analyze the antecedents that provoked these young offenders to commit the offenses. The juveniles reported that peer influence and…

Tam, Kai Yung; Heng, Mary Anne; Bullock, Lyndal M.

2007-01-01

482

[Body and space in young people from migrant families].  

PubMed

Adolescents generally use their body as an object of communication and cultural production. Young migrant girls mark their bodies to express a loss of meaning and direction. Tattoos, piercings and veils have a meaning which is different to that perceived by society. PMID:21805799

Moro, Marie-Rose

2011-06-01

483

Young People with Cancer: A Handbook for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book presents information for parents of children and young adults with cancer. The first section outlines aspects of the disease itself and considers characteristics of leukemia and solid tumors. Hospitalization and such treatments as chemotherapy and radiation are considered. Common health issues (including diet, dental care, bleeding, and…

National Cancer Inst. (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

484

September 27, 2011 Poll: Young People Say Online Meanness  

E-print Network

in a relationship, 4 out of 10 say their partners have used computers or cellphones to abuse or control them. Three, parents and experts together at the White House in March to try to confront "cyberbullying." The Education't create the turmoil of the teen years and young adulthood -- romantic breakups, bitter fights among best

Belogay, Eugene A.

485

December Uprising 2008: Universality and Particularity in Young People's Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this text I explore youth's discourse during the protests and riots that took place in Greece in December 2008. These riots occurred after the assassination of a 15-year-old student by a police officer in the centre of Athens. The uproar caused by the event had a major impact not only everywhere in Greece but also all over the world. Young

Pechtelidis, Yannis

2011-01-01

486

Marketing to children and young people in Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Looks at the legal position surrounding advertising to the young in Norway; this is regulated by the 1972 Marketing Control Act (MCA), but this has no total prohibition against direct advertising to children. Outlines the MCA’s concepts of “good marketing practice” and “unfair in relation to consumers” as these affect protection of children, and the work of the Consumer Ombudsman

Hans E. Skirstad

2006-01-01

487

Cannabis use and mental health in young people: cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine whether cannabis use in adolescence predisposes to higher rates of depression and anxiety in young adulthood. Design Seven wave cohort study over six years. Setting 44 schools in the Australian state of Victoria. Participants A statewide secondary school sample of 1601 students aged 14›15 followed for seven years. Main outcome measure Interview measure of depression and anxiety

George C Patton; Carolyn Coffey; John B Carlin; Louisa Degenhardt; Michael Lynskey; Wayne Hall

2002-01-01

488

Do People Whose Names Begin with "D" Really Die Young?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been reported that professional baseball players whose first names begin with the letter "D" tend to die relatively young (E. L. Abel & M. L. Kruger, 2010). However, the statistical evidence for this claim is based on selective data and a statistical test that ignores important confounding influences. A valid test applied to more…

Smith, Gary

2012-01-01

489

Do People Whose Names Begin with “D” Really Die Young?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been reported that professional baseball players whose first names begin with the letter “D” tend to die relatively young (E. L. Abel & M. L. Kruger, 2010). However, the statistical evidence for this claim is based on selective data and a statistical test that ignores important confounding influences. A valid test applied to more comprehensive data from the

Gary Smith

2012-01-01

490

WeCan2: Exploring the Implications of Young People with Learning Disabilities Engaging in Their Own Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of children and young people as researchers has started to gather momentum in response to changing perspectives on their status in society, recognition of their role as consumers and increased attention to children and young people's rights. There are early signs of a growing body of research studies undertaken by children and young

Kellett, Mary

2010-01-01

491

An exploratory study of the relationship between parental attitudes and behaviour and young people's consumption of alcohol  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Concern is growing regarding frequent and excessive misuse of alcohol by young people. The average age at which young people in Europe start to drink is twelve and a half, and during the last decade, the quantity of alcohol consumed by younger adolescents in the UK has increased. Families are known to play an important role in shaping young

Graham F Moore; Heather Rothwell; Jeremy Segrott

2010-01-01

492

Determining the Need for Vocational Counselling among Different Groups of Young People under 28 in Spain. National Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the need for vocational counseling among two target groups of young people under the age of 28 years in Spain: young women whose chief activity is domestic work in their own homes in Madrid and young people of both sexes affected by industrial reconversion who were living on the left bank of the Bilbao Estuary. Their vocational…

de Castro, Ignacio Fernandez; de Elejabeitia, Carmen

493

"At Any Given Time, There Is a Crisis Somewhere": Characteristics of Young People Under the Conditions of the Economic Slump  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows the importance of methodological issues in the study of young Russians during the current economic slump. A critical analysis of the indicators of the social and economic situation of young people in Russia shows the need to include the concept of lifestyle and its influence of the choices made by young people and their parents.

Luk'ianova, E. L.; Sabirova, G. A.

2013-01-01

494

Gender and class differences in young people's sexuality and HIV/AIDS risk-taking behaviours in Thailand.  

PubMed

This study examines gender and class differences in young people's beliefs about sexuality and HIV/AIDS risk-taking behaviours in Thailand. Sixty young people aged 15-19, divided equally by gender and socioeconomic background, participated in focus groups and in-depth interviews. Four topics were explored: the differences between 'good' and 'bad' girls/boys; young people's perceptions of sexuality; social class variations in young people's knowledge of HIV/AIDS and perceptions of risk; and the most influential institutions shaping young people's sexual attitudes. Results showed that young people screened potential sexual partners utilizing an image of 'good girls/boys' as potential HIV/AIDS-free partners; young people defined sexuality in terms of love/sexual relationships, premarital sex, promiscuity, and virginity; and HIV/AIDS awareness varied according to class. Young people of all classes failed to demonstrate an in-depth understanding of how they can contract AIDS. They neither viewed themselves as being in an at-risk group, nor considered their sexual behaviours to be at-risk behaviours. Finally, family, friends, and mass media were reported to be among the most influential institutions shaping young people's sexual attitudes. In the struggle against HIV/AIDS, these institutions together with health education not only protect but also can empower young people in Thailand. PMID:21972873

Thianthai, Chulanee

2004-05-01

495

Characteristics of Telephone Applicants to a Residential Rehabilitation Program for Homeless Veterans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gathered descriptive data on 163 telephone applicants to residential rehabilitation program for homeless veterans and compared data with general veteran and homeless populations. Found subjects to be young, educated group of homeless men with histories of relatively high, stable functioning and high rates of medical, substance abuse, psychiatric,…

Seidner, Andrea L.; And Others

1990-01-01

496

Factors associated with suicide after parasuicide in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine factors associated with completed suicide in young parasuicide patients. DESIGN--Case-control study. SETTING--Regional poisoning treatment centre in a teaching general hospital. SUBJECTS--Patients who, between 1968 and 1985 when aged 15-24 years, were admitted to the regional poisoning treatment centre because of deliberate self poisoning or self injury. Cases (n = 62) consisted of those who by the end of

K Hawton; J Fagg; S Platt; M Hawkins

1993-01-01

497

Young People with Learning Difficulties in Work Introduction Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unemployed voting people with low attainments and other special needs are being enrolled in Work Introduction Courses in Colleges of Further Education. Information about how students view such courses was obtained bv means of a short questionnaire. Interviews with 32 tutors gave information about the background, experiences and needs of those who organise and teach the courses. The findings have

Maureen M. McDaid

1982-01-01

498

Making Friends, Having Fun: Young Disabled People Highlight the Barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current legislation and policy initiatives of relevance to disabled children and their families are underpinned by international human rights conventions. For example, the Children Act (1989) promotes the human rights highlighted in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1988), while Valuing People (2001) aims to pave the way to the fulfilment of the obligations enshrined in

Pippa Murray

2003-01-01

499

Sickle cell, habitual dys-positions and fragile dispositions: young people with sickle cell at school  

PubMed Central

The experiences of young people living with a sickle cell disorder in schools in England are reported through a thematic analysis of forty interviews, using Bourdieu’s notions of field, capital and habitus. Young people with sickle cell are found to be habitually dys-positioned between the demands of the clinic for health maintenance through self-care and the field of the school, with its emphases on routines, consistent attendance and contextual demands for active and passive pupil behaviour. The tactics or dispositions that young people living with sickle cell can then employ, during strategy and struggle at school, are therefore fragile: they work only contingently, transiently or have the unintended consequences of displacing other valued social relations. The dispositions of the young people with sickle cell are framed by other social struggles: innovations in school procedures merely address aspects of sickle cell in isolation and are not consolidated into comprehensive policies; mothers inform, liaise, negotiate and advocate in support of a child with sickle cell but with limited success. Reactions of teachers and peers to sickle cell have the enduring potential to drain the somatic, cultural and social capital of young people living with sickle cell. PMID:21375541

Dyson, Simon M; Atkin, Karl; Culley, Lorraine A; Dyson, Sue E; Evans, Hala

2011-01-01

500

Community factors shaping HIV-related stigma among young people in three African countries  

PubMed Central

Despite the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS that exists in many sub-Saharan African countries, very little is known of the prevalence and context of HIV-related stigma in these settings. This paper seeks to understand the community-level factors associated with HIV-related stigma among young people in three culturally contrasting African countries: Burkina Faso, Ghana and Zambia. Using nationally representative data on young people (15–24) from Burkina Faso, Ghana and Zambia, the analysis examines the economic, demographic and behavioral dimensions of community environments that shape HIV-related stigma among young people. The results demonstrate a clear influence of the community environment on shaping HIV-related stigma among young people. The elements of the community that were significantly associated with HIV-related stigma were the economic and behavioral aspects of the community environment, and there was no evidence of relationships between demographic patterns and HIV-related stigma. Behavioral change interventions must address HIV-related stigma in order to encourage behavior change, and must take into account the social, economic and cultural environments in which young people exist. PMID:19283643

Stephenson, Rob

2009-01-01