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1

Everyday Experiences of Homeless Young People in Supported Accommodation Programmes in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates young people's accounts of governance in their everyday lives within a Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) in regional Australia. The SAAP is a joint Commonwealth and State/Territory programme for assisting people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness by providing transitional supported accommodation and…

Danby, Susan; Farrell, Ann; Leiminer, Michele

2006-01-01

2

People Experiencing Chronic Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... a Community Strategic Plan Steps 1-3: Organizing Leadership Developing a Community Strategic Plan Steps 4-7: ... for Coordinated Assessment Wichita Police Department: Making a Difference for People Experiencing Homelessness Houston Partners Dedicated to ...

3

Social network characteristics and risky sexual and drug related behaviors among homeless young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research finds high rates of risky sexual and drug related behavior among homeless young people, little research had examined how the characteristics of their social networks encourage or constrain risky behaviors. Based on a sample of 145 homeless young adults in the Midwestern United States, results revealed that having used alcohol with at least one of their network members

Kimberly A. Tyler

2008-01-01

4

The impact of psychosocial factors on subjective well-being among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

Homeless young adults are one of this country's most vulnerable populations, and information surrounding issues of subjective well-being among this particularly diverse population is scarce. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact social support, future expectations, and homeless cultural factors have on subjective well-being among homeless young adults. A purposive sample of 185 homeless young people, ages 18 to 23, and known to use alcohol or drugs, participated in the study. Multiple regression analyses showed that participants who had a higher level of subjective well-being reported significantly higher levels of social support, more optimistic expectations of the future, and a better perception of the flow of time. More fatalistic views of the future significantly predicted lower levels of subjective well-being. Findings suggest that service providers should focus on understanding the strengths of individuals and, specifically, gain a deeper understanding of homeless young adults' support networks and views of the future. PMID:25095630

Barczyk, Amanda N; Thompson, Sanna J; Rew, Lynn

2014-08-01

5

Family Histories and Multiple Transitions Among Homeless Young Adults: Pathways to Homelessness  

PubMed Central

This study explored the early family histories of homeless young adults, the types and number of transitions they experienced, and their pathways to the street. Intensive qualitative interviews were audio taped and transcribed with 40 homeless young adults 19 to 21 years of age in the Midwest. Findings show that family backgrounds were generally characterized by substance use, child maltreatment, and witnessing violence, all of which provide social context for understanding why so many of these young people opted to leave home in search of an alternative living situation. The current findings also reveal that while some young adults ran away from home as adolescents, others were “pushed out” (i.e., told to leave), or removed by state agencies. Current study findings illustrate that young adults’ trajectories are marked by multiple living arrangements such as home, foster care, detention facility, and drug rehabilitation. Overall, study results show that young adults’ family histories place them on trajectories for early independence marked by multiple transitions and numerous living situations, culminating in a lack of a permanent residence to call home. PMID:24151346

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Schmitz, Rachel M.

2013-01-01

6

Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, "Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People" is a comprehensive study that examines the continuums of care for homeless people throughout the United States. Critiquing the agenda of the Continuum of Care (CoC), a system designed to help homeless people as well as those at imminent risk of becoming homeless, this 216-page report examines their development, current structure, and possible future. Users should note that this report defaults to small font and may be more easily readable if printed.

2002-01-01

7

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Highlights Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Highlights Report offers a substantial review of both the data and analytic conclusions. One significant finding that seems to fly in the face of certain myths about homelessness: "when homeless people get housing assistance and needed services - such as health care, substance abuse treatment, mental health services, education and job training - 76% of those living in families and 60% of those living alone end their homeless status."

1999-01-01

8

Homelessness among people with severe mental illness in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questions under study: This study addresses socio-demographic and clinical characteristics among homeless people in Switzerland admitted to inpatient care, the use of and pathways to inpa- tient care by this group and, the extent to which psychiatric disorders contribute to the risk of homelessness. Methods: Based on data of a psychiatric case register we analysed 16 247 people consecutively referred

Christoph Lauber; Barbara Lay; Wulf Rössler

9

Homeless People's Trust and Interactions With Police and Paramedics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the health impact of patients' trust in physicians has been well documented, less is known about the possible health effects of trust in police or para- medics. Homeless people frequently interact with police officers and paramedics, and these experiences may affect their health and future willingness to seek emergency assistance. We examined homeless people's self-reported interactions with police and

Tanya L. Zakrison; Paul A. Hamel; Stephen W. Hwang

10

The Increasing Financial Dependency of Young People on Their Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly mentioned in the youth policy literature that the financial dependency of young people on their parents is increasing and that this is likely to have an adverse effect on the well-being of young people, their families and the community in general. Possible consequences include lower living standards for young people and their families, family conflict, homelessness, crime

Judy Schneider

1999-01-01

11

Bidirectional Partner Violence among Homeless Young Adults: Risk Factors and Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most prevalent forms of violence in contemporary society is the victimization of intimate partners. Although it has been established that homeless young people experience high levels of victimization on the street, little is known about partner violence (PV) experiences among this group, especially bidirectional violence. As such, the…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.; Noel, HarmoniJoie

2009-01-01

12

Does context matter? Examining the mental health among homeless people.  

PubMed

While much research has focused on the impact community has on health and wellbeing of domiciled populations, limited research has explored the same for homeless people. Using multivariate models, this research explores what factors are related to depressive symptomatology among homeless people living in two distinctly different communities. Results suggest that context matters, but not for every circumstance examined in these models. While some variables exhibit a consistent relationship with depressive symptoms, the role of social capital is noted as particularly important to lowering symptomatology, yet its impact differs significantly by location. PMID:24952424

Fitzpatrick, Kevin; Myrstol, Brad A; Miller, Elizabeth

2015-02-01

13

Predicting Staying in or Leaving Permanent Supportive Housing That Serves Homeless People with Serious Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Permanent Housing component of the Supportive Housing Program, the Department’s principal program to meet the needs of homeless people with disabilities, was established to offer homeless people with disabilities, including mental illness, an assurance of permanent housing and appropriate supportive services. The program is designed to provide a structure that counteracts the disruptions of both homelessness and disability. However,

CMHPSR Yin-Ling Irene Wong; CMHPSR Trevor R. Hadley; CMHPSR Dennis P. Culhane; CMHPSR Steve R. Poulin; MDAC Morris R. Davis; MDAC Brian A. Cirksey; MDAC James L. Brown

2006-01-01

14

The Dynamics of Violence and Homelessness among Young Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Violence is one of the most prevalent elements in the lives of homeless families with young children. This violence may come in various forms: domestic violence, street violence, violence in one's childhood, witnessing violence, and other avenues and modes. Violence disrupts the normal bonding between parent and child. It isolates and degrades…

Swick, Kevin James

2008-01-01

15

Income and employment among homeless people: the role of mental health, health and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The homeless population is among the poorest of the poor in the United States. Employment and government programs are potential sources of income, but many homeless people face potential barriers to work: many have serious mental and physical disabilities, and many more have alcohol and drug disorders. As a result, most homeless who work do so either for a

Samuel H. Zuvekas; Steven C. Hill

2000-01-01

16

Homeless and Disabled: Rights, Responsibilities, and Recommendations for Serving Young Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a growing social problem in the United States. Especially vulnerable to this phenomenon are young children because homelessness is viewed as a breeding ground for disabilities. Despite federal legislation ensuring educational opportunities, the educational needs of children who are homeless are frequently unfulfilled. This article…

Gargiulo, Richard M.

2006-01-01

17

Researching Marginalised Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people not in employment, education or training (NEET) are not a static, homogenous group. For most, being NEET is a temporary state as they move between different forms of participation and non-participation. This paper explores how the complexities of defining NEET, the re-structuring of the careers service and the nature of post-16…

Russell, Lisa

2013-01-01

18

Drugs and Young People  

MedlinePLUS

Drug abuse is a serious public health problem.It affects almost every community and family in some way. Drug abuse in children and teenagers may pose a ... of young people may be more susceptible to drug abuse and addiction than adult brains. Abused drugs ...

19

Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Young Adults Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. Yet, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Objectives The purpose of this study was to solicit perspectives of homeless drug-using young adults as to how art can be used to design messages for their peers about the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Methods Qualitative methodology via focus group discussions was utilized to engage 24 homeless young adults enrolled from a drop-in site in Santa Monica. Results The findings revealed support for a myriad of delivery styles, including in person communication, flyers, music, documentary film and creative writing. The young adults also provided insight into the importance of the thematic framework of messages. Such themes ranged from empowering and hopeful messages to those designed to scare young homeless adults into not experimenting with drugs. Conclusions The findings indicate that in addition to messages communicating the need to prevent or reduce drug and alcohol use, homeless young adults respond to messages that remind them of goals and dreams they once had for their future, and to content that is personal, real and truthful. . Our research indicates that messages that reinforce protective factors such as hope for the future and self-esteem may be as important to homeless young adults as information about the risks and consequences of drug use. PMID:21441664

Nyamathi, Adeline; Slagle, Alexandra; Thomas, Alexandra; Hudson, Angela; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Avila, Glenna; Orser, Julie; Cuchilla, Manuel

2013-01-01

20

Electronic Democracy and Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines action to address young people's apathy to the democratic process and politics in general, by considering possibilities for using information and communication technology to engage young people. The article describes two e-democracy systems in use in Scotland, which provide young people with opportunities to participate in and understand democratic decision making. The systems are designed to allow

Ann Macintosh; Edmund Robson; Ella Smith; Angus Whyte

2003-01-01

21

Exploring the Psychosocial and Behavioral Adjustment Outcomes of Multi-Type Abuse among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the psychosocial and behavioral adjustment outcomes associated with verbal, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse among homeless young adults as well as the associations among abuse types. Convenience sampling was used to select 28 homeless young adults (ages 18 to 24) from one drop-in center. Overall, subjects experienced…

Ferguson, Kristin M.

2009-01-01

22

Untangling the Complex Needs of People Experiencing Gambling Problems and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with gambling problems are now recognised among those at increased risk of homelessness, and the link between housing and gambling problems has been identified as an area requiring further research. This paper discusses the findings of a qualitative study that explored the relationship between gambling problems and homelessness. Interviews…

Holdsworth, Louise; Tiyce, Margaret

2013-01-01

23

Toward Meeting the Needs of Homeless People with Schizophrenia: The Validity of Quality of Life Measurement  

PubMed Central

Objective To provide new evidence regarding the suitability of using quality of life (QoL) measurements in homeless people with schizophrenia, we assess the acceptability and psychometric properties of a specific QoL instrument (S-QoL 18) in a population of homeless people with schizophrenia, and we compare their QoL levels with those observed in non-homeless people with schizophrenia. Methods This multi-centre prospective study was conducted in the following 4 French cities: Lille, Marseille, Paris and Toulouse. Two hundred and thirty-six homeless patients with schizophrenia were recruited over a 12 month-period. The S-QoL 18 was tested for construct validity, reliability, external validity and sensitivity to change. The QoL of the 236 homeless patients was compared with 236 French age- and sex-matched non-homeless patients with schizophrenia. Results The eight-factor structure of the S-QoL 18 was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis (RMSEA = 0.035, CFI = 0.95, GFI = 0.99 and SRMR = 0.015). Internal consistency, reliability and sensitivity to change were satisfactory. External validity was confirmed via correlations between S-QoL 18 dimension scores and SF-36, symptomatology and recovery scores. The percentage of missing data did not exceed 5%. Finally, homeless patients had significantly lower QoL levels than non-homeless patients with schizophrenia. Conclusions These results demonstrate the satisfactory acceptability and psychometric properties of the S-QoL 18, suggesting the validity of QoL measurement among homeless patients with schizophrenia. Our study also reported that QoL levels in homeless patients with schizophrenia were dramatically low, highlighting the need for new policies to eradicate homelessness and tackle poverty. PMID:24205390

Auquier, Pascal; Tinland, Aurelie; Fortanier, Cecile; Loundou, Anderson; Baumstarck, Karine; Lancon, Christophe; Boyer, Laurent

2013-01-01

24

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Technical Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Technical Report provides the "full, detailed technical report consisting of 17 chapters with appendices and complete sets of data tables (over 500 pages)."

1999-01-01

25

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Summary Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Summary Report gives complete analysis of the extensive findings of the survey, including five chapters summarizing the methodology and data.

1999-01-01

26

Leading Work with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Leading Work with Young People" provides a selection of writing from a complex and dynamic field of work. The editors bring together key readings and newly commissioned material to present a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives on leading and managing work with young people. The book will equip students with the knowledge, skills,…

Harrison, Roger, Ed.; Benjamin, Cathy, Ed.; Curran, Sheila, Ed.; Hunter, Rob, Ed.

2007-01-01

27

Young Peoples' Ideas of Infinity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers young peoples' views of infinity prior to instruction in the methods mathematicians use in addressing the subject of infinity. Presents a partially historical account of studies examining young peoples' ideas of infinity. Four sections address potential pitfalls for research in this area and the work of Piaget, issues concerning the…

Monaghan, John

2001-01-01

28

Young People and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet was developed to inform teenagers of their civil rights and to encourage them to organize in order to seek more equitable rights. The book is not recommended for classroom use, but rather is written as resource material for young people avidly interested in their rights and in the discrimination against young people by the legal…

Autlin, Diana

29

Effective Communication with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Government established the Office for Youth (the Office) in September 2008 in an effort to engage with the young people of Australia. The Office will work with other government agencies to help young people reach their full potential; make effective transitions to adulthood as they continue to learn, start work, make decisions that…

Shanahan, Patrick; Elliott, David

2009-01-01

30

Factors associated with reported need for dental care among people who are homeless using assistance programs.  

PubMed

A retrospective secondary data analysis of the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients database was conducted to identify the demographic characteristics and correlates associated with reported need for dental care among people who are homeless in the United States. Overall, 10% of people who were homeless reported that dental care was their most needed service. Of these, 17% had a dental visit within the previous 12 months, 52% were racial/ethnic minorities, 76% lived in a central city, and 26% were veterans. The unadjusted odds for reporting a need for dental care was highest among veterans who were homeless and those whose last dental visit occurred more than 12 months ago. Compared to nonveterans who were homeless, veterans had twice the adjusted odds for reporting a need for dental care. The adjusted odds for reporting a need for dental care were lowest for those with dental insurance. Evaluation of the data suggests that dental insurance was associated with reporting lower need for dental care. Veterans who were homeless reported higher odds for dental care. Strengthening existing oral health-care programs sensitive to the needs of people who are homeless may improve their oral health and reduce their dental-disease-related morbidity. PMID:20618780

Okunseri, Christopher; Girgis, Dina; Self, Karl; Jackson, Scott; McGinley, Emily L; Tarima, Sergey S

2010-01-01

31

Burden of mental disorders and unmet needs among street homeless people in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.  

PubMed

BackgroundThe impact of mental disorders among homeless people is likely to be substantial in low income countries because of underdeveloped social welfare and health systems. As a first step towards advocacy and provision of care, we conducted a study to determine the burden of psychotic disorders and associated unmet needs, as well as the prevalence of mental distress, suicidality, and alcohol use disorder among homeless people in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia.MethodsA cross-sectional survey was conducted among street homeless adults. Trained community nurses screened for potential psychosis and administered standardized measures of mental distress, alcohol use disorder and suicidality. Psychiatric nurses then carried out confirmatory diagnostic interviews of psychosis and administered a locally adapted version of the Camberwell Assessment of Needs Short Appraisal Schedule.ResultsWe assessed 217 street homeless adults, about 90% of whom had experienced some form of mental or alcohol use disorder: 41.0% had psychosis, 60.0% had hazardous or dependent alcohol use, and 14.8% reported attempting suicide in the previous month. Homeless people with psychosis had extensive unmet needs with 80% to 100% reporting unmet needs across 26 domains. Nearly 30% had physical disability (visual and sensory impairment and impaired mobility). Only 10.0% of those with psychosis had ever received treatment for their illness. Most had lived on the streets for over 2 years, and alcohol use disorder was positively associated with chronicity of homelessness.ConclusionPsychoses and other mental and behavioural disorders affect most people who are street homeless in Addis Ababa. Any programme to improve the condition of homeless people should include treatment for mental and alcohol use disorders. The findings have significant implications for advocacy and intervention programmes, particularly in similar low income settings. PMID:25139042

Fekadu, Abebaw; Hanlon, Charlotte; Gebre-Eyesus, Emebet; Agedew, Melkamu; Solomon, Haddis; Teferra, Solomon; Gebre-Eyesus, Tsehaysina; Baheretibeb, Yonas; Medhin, Girmay; Shibre, Teshome; Workneh, Abraham; Tegegn, Teketel; Ketema, Alehegn; Timms, Philip; Thornicroft, Graham; Prince, Martin

2014-08-20

32

Expanding Service Delivery: Does It Improve Relationships Among Agencies Serving Homeless People with Mental Illness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enhancing interagency services integration for homeless people has been advocated as an approach for improving service delivery to this population. In contrast to system-level “top-down” interventions, this study examines the association of expanded funding of client-level homeless services, a “bottom-up” approach, with strengthening of interorganizational relationships. We compared Veterans Affairs\\/non-Veterans Affairs interagency relationships at VA facilities supporting community-oriented programs (N=72),

James McGuire; Robert Rosenheck; Craig Burnette

2002-01-01

33

Homelessness and Young Children: Early Childhood Care and Education. Minibibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, states must have policies and procedures in place that ensure timely assessment, appropriate services, and continuity of services for children with disabilities who are homeless. IDEA 2004 specifically requires states to comply with the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance…

Goode, Susan, Comp.; Shaw, Evelyn, Comp.

2006-01-01

34

Coming of age on the streets: survival sex among homeless young women in Hollywood.  

PubMed

This study examined childhood physical or sexual abuse, involvement in dependency or delinquency systems, psychiatric hospitalization, and suicide as possible risk factors for survival sex among homeless young women. Homeless young women were found to have similarly high rates of childhood sexual abuse, dependency and delinquency systems involvement, and psychiatric hospitalization. Homeless young women involved in survival sex disclosed higher rates of attempted suicide and reported marginally higher rates of childhood physical abuse. Analysis of qualitative data showed that those engaged in survival sex were motivated primarily by desperation to meet basic needs including a place to stay, food and money, and one third mentioned that peers commonly were influential in decisions to engage in survival sex. Others were influenced by coercion (10%) or pursuit of drugs (10%). Young women engaged in survival sex generally experienced regret and shame about their experience. PMID:24215967

Warf, Curren W; Clark, Leslie F; Desai, Mona; Rabinovitz, Susan J; Agahi, Golnaz; Calvo, Richard; Hoffmann, Jenny

2013-12-01

35

Resilience and Young People Leaving Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do we promote the resilience of young people leaving care? This article explores this question by bringing together research findings on the resilience of young people from disadvantaged family backgrounds with research studies on young people leaving care. These findings are applied to young people during their journey to adulthood: their…

Stein, Mike

2008-01-01

36

Young people and sexual health.  

PubMed

Prevention and control of the sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) requires attention to the characteristics of the sexual interactions between people that determine whether or not sex can be protected. These interactions are influenced by a diversity of factors, including gender inequalities, societal norms, power, socioeconomic status, knowledge, and personality. The poor, the marginalized, the young, and many women are at a disadvantage in protecting themselves from sexual exploitation and sexually transmitted diseases. Programs that seek to instill self-confidence and sexual negotiation skills in individuals overlook the pervasive influence of cultural norms. The focus of AIDS prevention programs must shift from the empowerment of individuals to community-wide considerations of sexual health. Finally, any program that seeks to encourage young people to redefine social norms governing their sexual relationships must also reach out to the adults (from parents to community leaders) who wield power over these young people. PMID:12291984

Klouda, T

1996-01-01

37

Young People in Changing Societies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released earlier this month, this report from UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre offers an initial comprehensive look at the first generation of youth to come to maturity since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Topics covered include health, education, employment, crime, and young adult participation in government. The report suggests numerous ways to improve the situation of young people across the region. Also on-site is "Young Voices in Changing Societies," a report based on "the views of young people gathered during focus group discussion and individual interviews in six transition countries: the Czech Republic, Latvia, Romania, Russia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan." The full text of both reports may be downloaded by chapter in .pdf format. The text of the main report is also available in Russian, and a summary may be downloaded in English, Russian, or Italian.

2000-12-01

38

Psychiatric disorders and treatment among newly homeless young adults with histories of foster care  

PubMed Central

Objective While foster care placement is often preceded by stressful events such as childhood abuse, foster care itself often exposes children to additional severe stressors. A history of foster care, as well as the childhood abuse that often precedes it, is common among homeless young adults. However, whether a history of foster care elevates the likelihood of psychiatric disorders and treatment among homeless young adults, after adjustment for childhood abuse, is unknown. This study examined whether a history of foster care was associated with psychiatric disorders, prior psychiatric counseling, prescription of psychiatric medications, and prior psychiatric hospitalization among newly homeless young adults, controlling for childhood abuse and other covariates. Methods Among a consecutive sample of 424 newly homeless young adults (18 to 21 years) in a crisis shelter, logistic regression analyses determined the associations between foster care and any psychiatric disorder (affective, anxiety, personality, psychotic) and psychiatric treatment, adjusted for demographics, childhood abuse, substance abuse, prior arrest, unemployment, lack of high school diploma, and histories of psychiatric disorders and drug abuse among biological relatives. Results Homeless young adults with histories of foster care were 70% more likely to report any psychiatric disorder (AOR=1.70) and twice as likely to have received mental health counseling for a psychiatric disorder (AOR=2.17), been prescribed psychiatric medication (AOR=2.26), and been hospitalized for psychiatric problems (AOR=2.15) than those without such histories. Conclusions Histories of foster care should trigger screening for psychiatric disorders among homeless young adults to aid in the provision of treatment (counseling, medication, hospitalization) tailored to their psychiatric needs. PMID:22706986

Thompson, Ronald G.; Hasin, Deborah S.

2013-01-01

39

Vulnerability of Homeless People in Tehran, Iran, to HIV, Tuberculosis and Viral Hepatitis  

PubMed Central

Background Homeless people are at risk of contracting communicable infectious diseases, as they indulge in risky behaviours and lifestyle. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of the aforementioned infections and related risk behaviours among homeless people in Tehran. Methods In this study a convenience sample of 593 homeless individuals was studied. The ELISA method was used for the detection of HIV, HCV and HBV. Clinical symptoms, sputum cultures, acid fast bacilli smears, and chest X-rays were used to identify active pulmonary tuberculosis, and the Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) test was used to identify latent tuberculosis. Results The prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and latent tuberculosis was 3.4%, 2.6%, 23.3% and 46.7%, respectively. Active pulmonary tuberculosis was found in 7 persons (1.2%). Injection drug use was an independent risk factor for HIV, HCV and HBV infections. Older people had a higher proportion of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (OR: 2.6, 95%CI: 1.9, 3.7) and HCV positivity (OR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1, 2.5). Conclusion Our findings highlighted that much more attention needs to be paid to the health of homeless people. PMID:24896247

Bagheri Amiri, Fahimeh; Gouya, Mohammad Mehdi; Saifi, Mahnaz; Rohani, Mehdi; Tabarsi, Payam; Sedaghat, Abbas; Fahimfar, Noushin; Memarnejadian, Arash; Aghasadeghi, Mohammad Reza; Haghdoost, Ali Akbar; Jahanbakhsh, Fatemeh; Nasehi, Mahshid; Mostafavi, Ehsan

2014-01-01

40

Young People's Favorite Leisure Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a study based on surveys conducted annually for the past nine years by the Samara Foundation for Social Research, commissioned by the committee for youth affairs of the administration of Samara Oblast. The sample consists of about 800 young people aged fourteen to thirty. In the present study the authors have focused on…

Zvonovskii, Vladimir; Lutseva, Svetlana

2004-01-01

41

A Comparison of National Emergency Department Use by Homeless versus Non-Homeless People in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A single-site study described differences between homeless and non-homeless patient utilization of the emergency department (ED). No prior study has examined ED use by the homeless on a national level. Objective.To analyze national ED utilization by homeless patients. Methods. Data were extracted from the 2005 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. SAS callable SUDAAN was used to produce national

Allison Tadros Gary Oates; MPA MSW Stephen M. Davis

2009-01-01

42

On the Road: Examining Self-Representation and Discourses of Homelessness in Young Adult Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors analyze representations of social issues within contemporary memoirs written for and marketed to a young adult audience and multimodal zines produced by homeless youth. To read across these distinctly different texts (mass marketed and do-it-yourself cultural productions) and genres (memoir and zines), the authors…

Rogers, Theresa; Marshall, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

43

Kenya: programmes for young people.  

PubMed

The government of Kenya, in an effort to meet the needs of its young people, has increased programs designed to assist youths and school dropouts in the nation's current development plan (1979-83). The village polytechnics, youth centers, and various training facilities are geared towards preparing young people for self-employment in small-scale rural industries. To make a modest contribution and to respond to the needs of young people, the Family Planning Association of Kenya (FPAK) develops and conducts family life education programs for Kenya youth with a view toward filling some of the social and emotional gaps. The content of the FPAK Youth Program emphasizes the important role played by the family unit and the need to understand what is involved in the process of human development and responsible parenthood. In addition, the program aims at creating and generating among the youth a sense of direction, value, and longing for an improvement in the quality of life. Broadly, the program is designed to: gain information and knowledge of the special needs of the young people of Kenya in terms of making a contribution to national development and their present and future family life; consider and determine ways of increasing the involvement of young people in the development of policies and programs designed to meet the needs of youth in the development of these programs; help parents and others to give the young an appreciation of family life; and to provide a forum whereby youth can meet and discuss their problems. In the area of information and education, the program has made use of provincial youth seminars and lectures to groups of youths in institutions and schools accompanied by film shows. The establishment of Youth Welfare Clubs has necessitated the production of literature and materials for the youth to use as references, guides, sources of information, and knowledge of family life. In 1980 FPAK introduced a Youth Newsletter in which members of the various Youth Welfare Clubs were given the opportunity to express their ideas and to report on their welfare activities. FPAK is working to foster a greater degree of cooperation with the government and other organizations in promoting youth programs. The Association is trying to persuade the government to establish clear guidelines on youth and contraception. PMID:12340613

Gathecha, J B

1981-12-01

44

Helping Young People Engage with Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There can be multiple benefits of scientists engaging with young people, including motivation and inspiration for all involved. But there are risks, particularly if scientists do not consider the interests and needs of young people or listen to what they have to say. We argue that "dialogue" between scientists, young people and teachers…

Leggett, Maggie; Sykes, Kathy

2014-01-01

45

How Attention to Family Stress Dynamics can Prevent Homelessness Among Very Young Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the pervasiveness of homelessness among young families, few early childhood professionals realize the exacerbated\\u000a stresses that push them into their circumstances. This chapter seeks to explore the etiology of risk factors (especially substances\\u000a abuse and illiteracy), elaborate on how they affect the lives of young families, highlight ways that they respond to these\\u000a factors, and detail possible avenues that

Kevin James Swick; Reginald Harrison Williams

46

A Typology of Mentally Disordered Users of Resources for Homeless People: Towards Better Planning of Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to describe distinct typologies among mentally ill users of resources for homeless people, in order\\u000a to inform the targeted development of mental health services to address their varied needs. Data came from a survey of clientele\\u000a of resources for homeless persons in Montreal and Quebec (N = 757) and this study includes the 369 people from

Jean-Pierre Bonin; Louise Fournier; Régis Blais

2009-01-01

47

Dietary intakes and vitamin status of a sample of homeless people in Paris  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine nutritional intake and vitamin status in a sample of homeless people who had been on the streets of Paris for more than 2 y.Design: The nutritional status was evaluated by a 24 h recall questionnaire and by assay of circulating levels of vitamins A, B1, B6, B12, C and E.Setting: The study was conducted in four accommodation

L Malmauret; JCh Leblanc; I Cuvelier; Ph Verger

2002-01-01

48

Recognizing the Needs of the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes reports and research on the homeless in the United States, presents findings of a survey of Red Cross chapters on services to the homeless, and describes programs for the homeless of selected Red Cross chapters. Section 1 discusses definitions of homelessness and methodologies used to count homeless people. The homeless are…

France, Joseph B.

49

Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: a preliminary epidemiological trajectory.  

PubMed

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N = 569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset of drug and sexual risk, we compare and contrast three subgroups: (1) YMSM with no history of homelessness, (2) YMSM with a past history of homelessness but who were not homeless at the time of the interview, and (3) YMSM who were currently homeless. For each group, we describe the prevalence of a broad range of stressful life events (including foster care and runaway episodes, involvement in the criminal justice system, etc.), as well as selected mental health problems (including past suicide attempts, current depression, and selected help-seeking variables). Additionally, we examine the prevalence of selected drug and sexual risk, including exposure to a broad range of illegal substances, current use of illegal drugs, and prevalence of lifetime exposure to sex work. Finally, we use an event history analysis approach (time-event displays and paired t-test analysis) to examine the timing of negative life experiences and homelessness relative to the onset of drug and sexual risk. High levels of background negative life experiences and manifest mental health distress are seen in all three groups. Both a prior experience of homelessness and currently being homeless are both strongly associated with both higher levels of lifetime exposure to drug and sexual risk as well as higher levels of current drug and sexual risk. Onset of these risks occur earlier in both groups that have had an experience of housing instability (e.g., runaway, foster care, etc.) but are delayed or not present among YMSM with no history of housing instability. Few YMSM had used drug prior to becoming homeless. While causal inferences are subject to the limitations of a cross-sectional design, the findings pose an empirical challenge to the prevailing assumption that prior drug use is a dominant causal factor in YMSM becoming homeless. More broadly, the data illustrate the complexity of factors that must be accounted for, both in advancing our epidemiological understanding of the complexity of homelessness and its relationship to the onset of drug and sexual risk among high risk youth populations. PMID:15878043

Clatts, Michael C; Goldsamt, Lloyd; Yi, Huso; Gwadz, Marya Viorst

2005-04-01

50

Special Populations of Homeless Americans Special Populations of Homeless Americans by  

E-print Network

Surveys conducted over the past two decades have demonstrated that homeless Americans are exceptionally diverse and include representatives from all segments of society—the old and the young; men and women; single people and families; city dwellers and rural residents; whites and people of color; and able-bodied workers and people with serious health problems. Veterans, who are among the most honored citizens in our society, appear in substantial numbers among the homeless, as do former criminal offenders and illegal immigrants. Each of these groups experiences distinctive forms of adversity resulting from both societal structures and personal vulnerabilities, and has unique service delivery needs. All, however, experience extreme poverty, lack of housing, and a mixture of internally impaired or externally inhibited functional capabilities. Attention to the distinctive characteristics of subgroups of the homeless is important in facilitating service delivery and program planning, but may also diffuse attention away from shared fundamental needs, and generate unproductive policy debate about deserving vs. undeserving homeless people. Lessons for Practitioners, Policy Makers, and Researchers People who are homeless reflect the nation’s diversity, and their special characteristics and needs must be identified, respected, and addressed. In addition to responding to basic needs for shelter, food, clothing and medical care, the unique needs of each subgroup of homeless person should be sensitively addressed. Systematic assessment is frequently required to identify the specific needs of each subgroup among the homeless population. Despite their diversity, almost all homeless people are extremely poor and lack decent affordable housing and an adequate income. Regardless of their other difficulties, practitioners must address their basic tangible needs for material resources. Although it is essential that providers help facilitate homeless people’s access to basic resources, they also should advocate for increasing the overall pool of resources. Providers are often in a position to be powerful advocates.

Robert Rosenheck M. D; Ellen Bassuk M. D; Amy Salomon Ph. D

51

[Health status and medical care accessibility of single, homeless persons].  

PubMed

The homeless population in Germany is continually increasing. Featuring prominently among those on the increase are women, young persons and homeless people from East Germany. Studies of the health of homeless individuals in recent years show that indices of illness are far higher for many disorders than for comparable groups who are housed. One result from a recent study by the University of Mainz (1994) was that more than 90% of homeless people urgently need medical treatment. According this research, the main health problems of the homeless are: cardiac disease (hypertension, CAD) (52.5%), skin disease (scabies, lice, leg ulcers, abscesses, pyodermias) and acute infections (50%), lower respiratory tract (COAD) (47.5%) and trauma victims (50%), followed by liver (30%), kidney (25%) and gastrointestinal diseases (GU) (20%). The problems of alcoholism and mental disorders of various sorts are added to this picture. Violence to homeless people is increasing. A lot of homeless people are multi-morbid. The relationship between the time of homelessness and the state of illness was not linear. It was found that in the beginning of homelessness most of the homeless people were in a poor physical condition. The poor physical condition of homeless people does not stem from only one cause, but results from a combination of different factors: individual social conditions (social class; social relations; sedentary lifestyle), personal or family life crisis (life events and coping behaviour), the individual risk behaviour (for instance the bizarre sleeping accommodations, alcohol and cigarette consumption unemployment in a depressed economy, structure of the society (cutbacks in government welfare and social service programmes). As a result of bad experiences with existing medical institutions, homeless persons do not consult the doctor or too late. Many are afraid of large institutions; most are not members of a health insurance scheme (uninsured); and many are perceived in some sense to be "undesirable" as patients. Medical care offers for homeless people must be re-examined and changed appropriately in accordance with the requirements of the patients and the acceptability of the measures. Health care for the homeless is sorely needed. It is an urgent necessity to create special low-level acceptance medical care institutions. This health care service should be made available to homeless persons at the places where they gather (to set up a mobile medical service, medical streetwork, medical care ambulances). The interdisciplinary theme approach, which integrates the skills of physicians, nurses and social workers, is an invaluable strategy for establishing though and continuous care. Without good health, homeless people cannot resolve their other basic problems; and people simply cannot be healthy if they do not have a stable place to live. PMID:9333372

Trabert, G

1997-06-01

52

Impact of nursing intervention on improving HIV, hepatitis knowledge and mental health among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge and HBV and HCV knowledge at 6 months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group. PMID:22797748

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-04-01

53

Self-harm in young people.  

PubMed

Self-harm is a common problem among young people with many presenting to clinical services via general hospitals, but many more do not come to the attention of clinical services at all. Self-harm is strongly associated with completed suicide so it is extremely important that patients are assessed and treated for this problem effectively. Despite the scale of the problem in young people, there is a very limited evidence base on what interventions may help them to recover from self-harm. The evidence is discussed here and some recommendations are made about how to engage clinically with young people who self-harm from assessment to therapeutic intervention. PMID:25114299

Townsend, Ellen

2014-11-01

54

Suicidal expressions among young people in Nicaragua  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Suicidal behaviour is a major public health problem among adolescents. In Nicaragua as well as in most other countries, young\\u000a people aged 15–24 have the highest rate of attempted suicide according to hospital records. The aims of this study were to\\u000a investigate self-reported life-weariness, death wishes, suicidal ideation, suicidal plans and suicide attempts (i.e. suicidal\\u000a expressions) among young men and

Andrés Herrera Rodríguez; Trinidad Caldera; Gunnar Kullgren; Ellinor Salander Renberg

2006-01-01

55

Life events preceding suicide by young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Life events are often reported to precede suicide. This paper aims to determine the frequency, timing and type of life events\\u000a preceding suicide by young people and those with and without a mental illness. Method Informants, usually family members, were interviewed for a sample of young (less than 35 years) suicides. Information was\\u000a recorded on events occurring in the

J. Cooper; L. Appleby; T. Amos

2002-01-01

56

Modeling minority stress effects on homelessness and health disparities among young men who have sex with men.  

PubMed

Sexual minority youth are more likely to experience homelessness, and homeless sexual minority youth report greater risk for mental health and substance abuse symptoms than homeless heterosexual youth, yet few studies have assessed determinants that help explain the disparities. Minority stress theory proposes that physical and mental health disparities among sexual minority populations may be explained by the stress produced by living in heterosexist social environments characterized by stigma and discrimination directed toward sexual minority persons. We used data from a sample of 200 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) (38 % African American, 26.5 % Latino/Hispanic, 23.5 % White, 12 % multiracial/other) to develop an exploratory path model measuring the effects of experience and internalization of sexual orientation stigma on depression and substance use via being kicked out of home due to sexual orientation and current homelessness. Direct significant paths were found from experience of sexual orientation-related stigma to internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma, having been kicked out of one's home, experiencing homelessness during the past year, and major depressive symptoms during the past week. Having been kicked out of one's home had a direct significant effect on experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months and on daily marijuana use. Internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma and experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months partially mediated the direct effect of experience of sexual orientation-related stigma on major depressive symptoms. Our empirical testing of the effects of minority stress on health of YMSM advances minority stress theory as a framework for investigating health disparities among this population. PMID:24807702

Bruce, Douglas; Stall, Ron; Fata, Aimee; Campbell, Richard T

2014-06-01

57

Music for Engaging Young People in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two music programs were developed specifically to meet therapeutic objectives for newly arrived immigrant and refugee students and for adolescent boys in a residential care facility. The author's observations justify further research to establish whether music can support and nurture the social, physical and mental wellbeing of young people,…

Cheong-Clinch, Carmen

2009-01-01

58

How General Practitioners Determine Young People's Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, 300 doctors in Victoria were asked to make decisions about a hypothetical patient's competence and confidentiality. It appears that assumptions embedded in relevant law, the vague nature of existing legal criteria and the diversity in assessment practices all have the potential to act as obstacles to young people's claim to…

Bartholomew, Terence

2009-01-01

59

Young People's Experiences of Mental Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen in-depth interviews were conducted to explore young people's experiences of mental health care in Australia with the aim of informing the headspace National Youth Mental Health Foundation. The interviews revealed that significant numbers of respondents had been aware of their mental health problems for several years before seeking help and…

Cohen, Anjalee; Medlow, Sharon; Kelk, Norm; Hickie, Ian; Whitwell, Bradley

2009-01-01

60

Young people's help-seeking for mental health problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarises an ambitious research agenda aiming to uncover the factors that affect help-seeking among young people for mental health problems. The research set out to consider why young people, and particularly young males, do not seek help when they are in psychological distress or suicidal; how professional services be made more accessible and attractive to young people; the

Debra Rickwood; Frank P. Deane; Coralie J. Wilson; Joseph Ciarrochi

2005-01-01

61

Supporting Homeless Youth: Perspectives and Preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness among adolescents and young adults is a growing concern in Canada and other countries, yet little is known about their support needs and support intervention preferences from the perspectives of homeless youth or youth at risk of homelessness. The authors assessed these needs and preferences through individual and group interviews with homeless adolescents and young adults (n = 35)

Miriam Stewart; Linda Reutter; Nicole Letourneau; Edward Makwarimba; Krista Hungler

2010-01-01

62

Premarital Sexuality Among Young People, 1973  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This latest offering from the Data and Program Library Service (DPLS) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison provides data from interviews with over 1,300 single college and non-student young people. "Information was collected on the social aspects of premarital sexuality, current sexual behavior, and contraceptive knowledge and use." Users can view the survey code books in .pdf format and, after free registration, download the data in .tar or .zip formats. Downloading guidelines are provided.

63

Attachment of Young People to Their Home District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on young people's attachment to their home district. The purpose of this study was to establish how attached young people aged 17 were to their home district and what factors were involved in young people's attachment to their home districts. The structure of the young people's lives was studied on the basis of…

Sinkkonen, Merja

2013-01-01

64

Young People's Wellbeing: Contradictions in Managing the Healthy Self  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the contradictions and complexities of young people's management of their health and wellbeing. It argues that it is important to understand how young people actively produce health outcomes, drawing substantially on themes developed in my recent book on young people and wellbeing (Wyn, 2009). The background to this…

Wyn, Johanna

2009-01-01

65

'Anyone can be homeless'.  

PubMed

Being homeless often makes it difficult for people to access the health care they need. Award-winning nurse consultant in substance abuse Louise Poley is bringing services to homeless clients instead of expecting them to fit into a system designed for people with conventional lifestyles. PMID:23540061

Moore, Alison

66

The New Homelessness Revisited  

PubMed Central

The ‘new homelessness’ has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Contributions by sociologists and other social scientists since the mid-1990s differentiate among types of homelessness, provide credible demographic estimates, and show how being homeless affects a person's life chances and coping strategies. Agreement also exists about the main macro- and micro-level causes of homelessness. Active lines of inquiry examine public, media, and governmental responses to the problem as well as homeless people's efforts to mobilize on their own behalf. Despite the obstacles faced when studying a stigmatized population marked by high turnover and weak anchors to place, recent investigations have significantly influenced homelessness policy. A greater emphasis on prevention should further strengthen the research-policy nexus. PMID:24910495

Lee, Barrett A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.; Wright, James D.

2014-01-01

67

Synthetic Marijuana Lands Thousands of Young People in the ER, Especially Young Males  

MedlinePLUS

... People in the ER, Especially Young Males Synthetic Marijuana Lands Thousands of Young People in the ER, ... on the scene a few years ago, synthetic marijuana (MJ)—often called “Spice” or “K2”—has become ...

68

Exploring Young People's Beliefs and Images about Sun Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand young people's low levels of sun protection behaviour, 145 young people (aged 12 to 20 years) were recruited from Queensland, to participate in a one-hour focus group where they discussed issues related to sun protection and images of tanned and non-tanned people. Responses were content analysed to identify common sun protection…

White, K. M.; Robinson, N. G.; Young, R. McD.; Anderson, P. J.; Hyde, M. K.; Greenbank, S.; Keane, J.; Rolfe, T.; Vardon, P.; Baskerville, D.

2008-01-01

69

The effectiveness of critical time intervention for abused women and homeless people leaving Dutch shelters: study protocol of two randomised controlled trials  

PubMed Central

Background One of the main priorities of Dutch organisations providing shelter services is to develop evidence-based interventions in the care for abused women and homeless people. To date, most of these organisations have not used specific intervention models and the interventions which have been implemented rarely have an empirical and theoretical foundation. The present studies aim to examine the effectiveness of critical time intervention (CTI) for abused women and homeless people. Methods In two multi-centre randomised controlled trials we investigate whether CTI, a time-limited (nine month) outreach intervention, is more effective than care-as-usual for abused women and homeless people making the transition from shelter facilities to supported or independent housing. Participants were recruited in 19 women’s shelter facilities and 22 homeless shelter facilities across The Netherlands and randomly allocated to the intervention group (CTI) or the control group (care-as-usual). They were interviewed four times in nine months: once before leaving the shelter, and then at three, six and nine months after leaving the shelter. Quality of life (primary outcome for abused women) and recurrent loss of housing (primary outcome for homeless people) as well as secondary outcomes (e.g. care needs, self-esteem, loneliness, social support, substance use, psychological distress and service use) were assessed during the interviews. In addition, the model integrity of CTI was investigated during the data collection period. Discussion Based on international research CTI is expected to be an appropriate intervention for clients making the transition from institutional to community living. If CTI proves to be effective for abused women and homeless people, shelter services could include this case management model in their professional standards and improve the (quality of) services for clients. Trial registration NTR3463 and NTR3425

2013-01-01

70

Public knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about homeless people: Evidence for compassion fatigue?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Media reports suggest that the public is becoming impatient with the homeless—that so-called “compassion fatigue” has gripped\\u000a the nation. This characterization of public sentiment could have important policy consequences—restrictive measures can be\\u000a justified by growing public impatience, and progressive housing policies seem infeasible within a hostile climate of opinion.\\u000a But evidence to support the compassion fatigue notion is anecdotal. We

Bruce G. Link; Sharon Schwartz; Robert Moore; Jo Phelan; Elmer Struening; Ann Stueve; Mary Ellen Colten

1995-01-01

71

Young people, parents and radical right voting. The Case of the Swiss People’s Party  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly found that young people tend to adopt the political party choice of their parents. However, far less is known about the applicability of this theory when investigating radical right support. Using the Swiss Household panel data (1999–2007), this study empirically identifies the relationship between parents’ preference for the Swiss radical right party SVP and their attitudes toward

Hilde Coffé; Marieke Voorpostel

2010-01-01

72

Factors Predictive of Knowledge and Self-Management Behaviors among Male Military Veterans with Diabetes Residing in a Homeless Shelter for People Recovering from Addiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diabetes disproportionately affects individuals with lower income in the U.S. (CDC, 2012). Specifically the control of diabetes through self-management has been found to be sub-par and an important contributor to complications (Seligman, Davis, Schillinger, & Wolf, 2010). People experiencing homelessness also experience barriers. One such…

Rojas-Guyler, Liliana; Inniss-Richter, Zipporah M.; Lee, Rebecca; Bernard, Amy; King, Keith

2014-01-01

73

Implementing Assertive Community Treatment in Diverse Settings for People Who Are Homeless With Co-Occurring Mental and Addictive Disorders: A Series of Case Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Assertive Community Treatment model (ACT) was developed more than 30 years ago to treat individuals with serious and persistent mental illness. This qualitative study highlights practical challenges encountered when establishing ACT teams in diverse settings serving people who are homeless with co-occurring mental and addictive disorders (COD). Program administrators and evaluators from nine programs located in seven states completed

Steven Neumiller; Felecia Bennett-Clark; M. Scott Young; Brian Dates; Nahama Broner; Jessica Leddy; Dorothy Kendall; Stephanie Richards; Fred De Jong

2009-01-01

74

Correlates of Self-Reported Incarceration Among Homeless Gay and Bisexual Stimulant-Using Young Adults.  

PubMed

Gay and bisexual (G/B) homeless adults face multiple challenges in life which may place them at high risk for incarceration. Yet, little is known about this understudied population in terms of risk for incarceration. Baseline data collected from a longitudinal study between October 2009 and March 2012 in Hollywood, California, explored correlates of self-reported incarceration among G/B homeless stimulant-using adults (N = 353). Findings revealed older age, less education, having children, as well as a history of injection drug use and being born in the United States were positively associated with incarceration. Moreover, having poor social support and having received hepatitis information were also correlated with a history of incarceration. Our findings help us gain a greater awareness of homeless G/B adults who may be at greater risk for incarceration, which may be used by health care providers to design targeted interventions for this underserved population. PMID:24733231

Nyamathi, Adeline; Reback, Cathy J; Salem, Benissa E; Zhang, Sheldon; Shoptaw, Steven; Branson, Catherine M; Leake, Barbara

2014-04-14

75

Adolescents' Beliefs about Why Young People Commit Crime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to obtain adolescents' perspectives about why young people offend. Twenty-four Australian male and female offenders and non-offenders offered insights about what, according to them, motivates young people to become involved in crime. Without the use of sophisticated language, participants offered explanations that…

Skrzypiec, Grace

2013-01-01

76

"Participatory Parity", Young People and Policy in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last three decades have witnessed significant changes in the social and economic context of young people's lives. There is increasing evidence that for young people growing up in the UK, this is fuelling a disparity between those with resources and those without. What this means in terms of social justice, however, is difficult to…

Mackie, Alan; Tett, Lyn

2013-01-01

77

Cognitive Appraisals in Young People with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A number of cognitive appraisals have been identified as important in the manifestation of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in adults. There have, however, been few attempts to explore these cognitive appraisals in clinical groups of young people. Method: This study compared young people aged between 11 and 18 years with OCD (N =…

Libby, Sarah; Reynolds, Shirley; Derisley, Jo; Clark, Sarah

2004-01-01

78

A Tale of Two Playgrounds: Young People and Politics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses two stories to illustrate the political attitudes of today's youth. The first story, about a group of young people in a working class area of St. Paul, Minnesota, who were part of the youth civic engagement initiative called Public Achievement, suggests ways to re-engage young people with politics. Through this initiative, students…

Boyte, Harry C.

79

Youth "At Risk"? Young People, Sexual Health and Consent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, there is a growing expectation that sexuality education should reduce the risks associated with youth sex by providing young people with information on protecting their sexual health. However, this information may be insufficient to ensure that young people make choices that support their sexual safety and autonomy. This paper…

Powell, Anastasia

2007-01-01

80

Young People, Pornography, and Sexuality: Sources and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of and attitudes among young people toward pornography and their sources of information about sexuality. Eight hundred and seventy-six young people ages 15-25 years (555 females and 321 males) who visited a youth center in Sweden for a period of 1 year answered a questionnaire about their use of…

Wallmyr, Gudrun; Welin, Catharina

2006-01-01

81

Sexual Assemblages: Mobile Phones/Young People/School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asks, what more can we think in relation to debates around young people's use of mobile phones at school? Rather than attempting to answer the question of whether mobile phones are "good" or "bad" for young people, this paper recasts the debate's ontological underpinnings. To do this feminist appropriations…

Allen, Louisa

2015-01-01

82

Awareness of Stratification among Fifth Generation Young People: A Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

China's reform and opening up have been implemented for more than thirty years now. The "fifth generation" of young people, born between 1978 and 1988, has gradually grown up to become a backbone force for the advancement of social development. This article takes young people living or working in the Xuhui district as a sample and uses statistical…

Bo, Liu

2011-01-01

83

Stories about Physical Education from Young People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on young people with disabilities and mainstream physical education in England. Within this context there have been unprecedented levels of funding and resources directed towards physical education in order to support more inclusive physical education experiences for all young people, including those with disabilities.…

Fitzgerald, Hayley; Stride, Annette

2012-01-01

84

When Young People Talk to You, What Does It Mean?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1993 to 2000, the 12 to 18 Project followed young people through their secondary schooling in Australia. Twenty-six students at four different kinds of schools were interviewed at some length twice a year. This paper discusses the meaning of those interview responses and the tensions between reporting what young people say and determining…

Yates, Lyn

85

Young People's Uses of Celebrity: Class, Gender and "Improper" Celebrity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we explore the question of how celebrity operates in young people's everyday lives, thus contributing to the urgent need to address celebrity's social function. Drawing on data from three studies in England on young people's perspectives on their educational and work futures, we show how celebrity operates as a classed and…

Allen, Kim; Mendick, Heather

2013-01-01

86

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on rural youth in Russia shows that keeping qualified and ambitious young people in the rural economy will require creating conditions for young people to exercise initiative in the rural economy and diminishing the gap in quality of life between rural and urban environments. Only in this way can the pessimism of rural youth be overcome.

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2013-01-01

87

The sexual scripts of Kenyan young people and HIV prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scripting of sexual encounters among young people in Kenyan is described using results of 28 focus group discussions conducted with young people attending primary school standard 7, from four different ethnic groups and living in 22 different communities. Sexual encounters were described as both mundane and inevitable and followed a predetermined scripted sequence of events and interactions in which

Melanie Gallant; Dan Holland; Karen Metcalfe; Janet Wildish; Mary Gichuru

2005-01-01

88

On Young People's Experience of Systems in Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immersed in a technologically complex world, young people make sense of a multi-faceted set of events in everyday life. This article investigates the variation in how Swedish young people experience technological systems and is based on interviews focusing three systems concerning transport, energy and communication--contextualised in relation to…

Svensson, Maria; Zetterqvist, Ann; Ingerman, Ake

2012-01-01

89

Paying Young People to Learn--Does It Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Maintenance Allowance (EMA) was designed to encourage more young people from lower-income households to participate in post-compulsory education. This has been extended to other groups of young people, most notably those who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) or in jobs without training (JWT). This paper presents…

Maguire, Sue

2008-01-01

90

How should activity guidelines for young people be operationalised?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: If guidelines regarding recommended activity levels for young people are to be meaningful and comparable, it should be clear how they are operationalised. It is usually open to interpretation whether young people are required to meet activity and screen time targets (1) all days of the week, (2) on most days of the week, (3) on average across all

Tim Olds; Kate Ridley; Melissa Wake; Kylie Hesketh; Elizabeth Waters; George Patton; Joanne Williams

2007-01-01

91

Young People and Democratic Rights, Discrimination and Disadvantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Youth Electoral Study (YES) examines why ,many young people (ages 15-25) are reluctant to exercise their democratic right of suffrage. YES considers the Australian context, however low youth turnout has beeni dentifiedas a concern inm anyot herdem ocratic nations. YES methodology includes focus groups conducted with a broad range of young people and a written survey distributed to

Kathy Edwards

92

Productions of space: civic participation of young people at university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civic participation of young people around the world is routinely described in deficit terms, as they are labelled apathetic, devoid of political knowledge, disengaged from the community and self?absorbed. This paper argues that the connectivity of time, space and social values are integral to understanding the performances of young people as civic subjects. Today’s youth negotiate unstable social, economic and

Mary Ryan

2010-01-01

93

Productions of space: civic participation of young people at university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civic participation of young people around the world is routinely described in deficit terms, as they are labelled apathetic, devoid of political knowledge, disengaged from the community and self?absorbed. This paper argues that the connectivity of time, space and social values are integral to understanding the performances of young people as civic subjects. Today’s youth negotiate unstable social, economic and

Mary Ryan

2011-01-01

94

Youth Work with Vulnerable Young People. Interchange No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was conducted in Scotland to evaluate the effectiveness of youth work with vulnerable young people, primarily between the ages of 13 and 16. Four complementary methods were adopted: (1) a survey of secondary school students; (2) a series of focus group interviews with young people with experience of youth work; (3) interviews with…

Powney, Janet; Furlong, Andy; Cartmel, Fred; Hall, Stuart

95

Young People's Views about Their Involvement in Decision-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on research conducted over a two-year period in a large Educational Psychology Service (EPS) in England. Researchers were keen to ascertain the views of young people and EPS members about young people being directly involved in educational decision-making and how their "genuine" involvement in such decision-making might be best…

Aston, Hermione J.; Lambert, Nathan

2010-01-01

96

Dancing beyond exercise: young people's experiences in dance classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dance classes in urban settings may have a role in health-promotion programmes seeking to increase physical activity amongst young people. However, little is so far known about the motivations, experiences or health outcomes of those participating in dance classes. This qualitative study of young people attending recreational dance classes addressed motivations, the nature of the class experience, and implications for

Sally May Gardner; Paul Komesaroff; Rachel Fensham

2008-01-01

97

Leaving home: ;;The housing aspirations of young disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the housing experiences and aspirations of young disabled people in Scotland. Those who leave the family home in crisis experience several housing moves before settling; those who leave in a planned way tend to stay in their first home. Young people aspiring to leave the parental home are limited to a social housing tenancy, as a result

Jo Dean

2003-01-01

98

Immigration and Schools: Supporting Success for Undocumented Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attending school and securing lawful status in the United States are two keys to safety and security for undocumented unaccompanied homeless youth. This brief is designed to provide young people, immigration attorneys and advocates, McKinney-Vento liaisons and educators with basic information to help them access these keys. After describing some…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2010

2010-01-01

99

Homeless Health Concerns  

MedlinePLUS

... why the health of homeless people in the United States is worse than that of the general population. Common health problems include Mental health problems Substance abuse problems Bronchitis and pneumonia ...

100

Cigarette, marijuana, and alcohol use and prior drug treatment among newly homeless young adults in New York City: relationship to a history of foster care  

PubMed Central

Background This study examined whether a history of foster care was associated with the risk for substance use among newly homeless young adults, controlling for demographics and other risk factors. Methods Multiple logistic regression analyses, adjusted for controls, among consecutive admissions of 424 newly homeless young adults (18 to 21 years), determined the association between foster care and substance use. Results A history of foster care was reported by 35% of the sample. Alcohol, marijuana, and cigarettes were the most frequently used substances. After adjusting for demographics, childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse, prior arrest, unemployment, lack of high school diploma, and family drug use, homeless young adults with histories of foster care were: three times as likely to smoke cigarettes (AOR=3.09); more than three times as likely to use marijuana (AOR=3.30); and almost nine times as likely to have been in drug treatment (AOR=8.81) than those without such histories. Conclusions It is important to screen homeless young adults who exited foster care for substance use, particularly cigarettes and marijuana. Risk reduction interventions should be targeted and tailored to their substance prevention needs. PMID:21288659

Thompson, Ronald G.; Hasin, Deborah S.

2011-01-01

101

The Spatial Origins of the Homeless: How the Homeless Vary in Their Geographic Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been no such study to date to investigate the residential origin of the varying categories of homeless. This study investigates the spatial distribution of residential origins of the varying categories of homeless and the factors that contribute to the vulnerability of individuals to become homeless. The study categorizes homeless people based on gender, family status, the occurrence of

Deden Rukmana

2006-01-01

102

Responding to the needs of the homeless mentally ill.  

PubMed Central

The homeless mentally ill represent a pivotal and urgent challenge to the mental health field in the 1980s. Those homeless who have extended histories of psychiatric hospitalization stand as harsh reminders of the failures of deinstitutionalization, while young mentally ill homeless adults who never have been treated as inpatients testify to the gaps and unrealized promises of community-based care under deinstitutionalization. Homelessness and mental illness are social and clinical problems, respectively, distinct in some ways but intertwined in others. Some of the factors that contribute to homelessness--such as economic deprivations, a dearth of low-cost housing, discontinuities in social service systems, and radical changes in the composition of American families--are felt particularly keenly by many persons who are mentally ill. And symptoms of mental disorders, in turn, frequently impede an individual's capacities to cope with those, as well as other, stressors. Developing appropriate and effective responses to the needs of homeless people who are mentally ill requires precise definition and identification of the target population, innovations in the mental health service system, encouragement of those who staff it to work with homeless mentally ill patients, and public education. Ultimately, however, fundamental answers will be found in an improved understanding of severe mental illness, enhanced treatment capacities, and greater attention to the rehabilitative needs of mentally ill persons. PMID:3931159

Frazier, S H

1985-01-01

103

Developing Support for Siblings of Young People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the USA and UK, at least one in ten children and young people have special health, developmental and mental health concerns. Most of these people have typically developing brothers and sisters. As the people who, over the course of their lifetimes together, will be most involved with their siblings with special needs, it is important that…

Conway, Sally; Meyer, Donald

2008-01-01

104

Homelessness and Hunger*  

PubMed Central

We employ data from the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients to examine the character and correlates of hunger among homeless people. Our analysis, couched in an adaptation framework, finds more support for the differentiation hypothesis than for the leveling hypothesis: Complex patterns of food insecurity exist at the individual level, and they vary with the resources available (e.g., higher monthly income, regular shelter use) and obstacles faced (e.g., alcohol, drug, and physical and mental health problems). The chronically homeless, who suffer from multiple deficits, appear particularly food-insecure, a finding that favors the desperation hypothesis over its street-wisdom alternative. We conclude that hunger is not uniformly experienced by members of the homeless population. Rather, some individuals are better situated than others to cope with the stressful nature of homelessness when addressing their sustenance needs. PMID:18418982

Lee, Barrett A; Greif, Meredith J

2014-01-01

105

The Reproductive Behavior of Young People in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on reproductive preferences of young people in Russia shows that their attitudes regarding the number of children they may have differs by gender and by urban-rural origins. (Contains 4 tables, 1 figure, and 1 note.)

Kalachikova, O. N.

2013-01-01

106

Street Kids--Homeless and Runaway Youth. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Children, Family, Drugs and Alcoholism of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate. One Hundred First Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing was the second in a series examining the impact of homelessness and dislocation on young people in America. This session focused on the problems of homeless and runaway adolescents. Witnesses described the need for multiple services for this population, for effective provision of services, and for greater coordination and planning.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

107

Raising Educational Attainment: How Young People's Experiences Speak Back to the "Compact with Young Australians"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of international consensus that the knowledge economy requires more highly educated people, the Australian federal, state and territory governments agreed on a set of policies and targets for lifting the minimum level of educational attainment of young people, which are analysed in Part 1 of this paper. This "Compact with young

te Riele, Kitty

2011-01-01

108

Archiving the Scottish Young People’s Survey   

E-print Network

From 1962 to 2005, a series of large-scale national surveys asked young Scots about their experiences of school and moving on to further and higher education or the labour market. They were commissioned by the Scottish government to inform policy...

Croxford, Linda

2014-08-26

109

Opening Pathways for Vulnerable Young People in Patagonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New and improved institutions are needed to support the transition to adulthood of vulnerable young people. Existing institutions that should provide that support demonstrate structural lag: they have not adapted to changing circumstances. Action research was conducted in Por un Manana, an employment training program for low-income youth and young

Hamilton, Mary Agnes; Hamilton, Stephen F.; Bianchi, Lucia; Bran, Jacqui

2013-01-01

110

Young People of Low Educational Level: Promoting Innovative Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from the Balearic Islands (Spain) on the number of young people dropping out of the education system with no formal qualification and on the general level of education of the young population as a whole indicate that this region is not on a par with most of the other regions in Spain and the European Union as a whole. The regional government…

Mut, Francesca Salva; Trobat, Miquel F. Oliver; Sastre, Ana Maria Calvo

2006-01-01

111

Identifying the Mental Health Needs of Looked after Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty looked after young people and their carers were interviewed to elicit whether, intuitively, they considered the young person to have a mental health problem and when they would seek professional help. This intuitive judgement of need was compared with responses to a mental health screen, and specific depression and conduct disorder scales. The results suggest that carers perceived 70%

Jenny Mount; Andrew Lister; Ian Bennun

2004-01-01

112

The Employment and Professional Educational Trajectories of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young Russians are facing a work career that is very different from that of previous generations, and matching education with the job market is especially difficult. Their chances of finding a job are very affected by the factor of unemployment. In spite of a relatively high level of unemployment, young people in Russia are being flexible in their…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2011-01-01

113

Young People's Orientation to Go into the Engineering Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the social and professional structure of people who work in the field of mental labor, those who are employed in the engineering professions occupy a key place. However, young people's attitudes toward these professions were definitely adversely affected by negative factors in the 1990s. In the context of the decline in the volume of industrial…

Kanikov, F. K.; Trunkina, O. V.

2005-01-01

114

A TYPOLOGY OF DRUG-RELATED OFFENDING AMONG YOUNG HOMELESS INJECTION DRUG USERS  

PubMed Central

Research indicates a link between drug use and offending, particularly amongst high-risk individuals, such as homeless youth. The extent to which such youth interpret their offending as being related to their drug use, though, is understudied. This manuscript investigates the interpretations of drug-related offenses offered by 151 primarily white, male, homeless IDUs aged 16–29 years. Youth were asked specific questions about their drug-related offenses during in-depth interviews as part of a larger study investigating health risks surrounding drug injection between 2004 and 2006. The first section of the manuscript outlines offenses youth revealed committing either in pursuit of or after using a variety of substances. The second part of the manuscript examines the overall context (motivation, environment), and provides a seven-tiered typology of drug-related offending based on youth's interpretations, linking certain drugs to specific offenses within particular contexts. From here, some theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:21423855

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson Bloom, Jennifer; Hathaz, Dodi S.

2011-01-01

115

Young people’s perception of sexual and reproductive health services in Kenya  

PubMed Central

Background Addressing the Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) needs of young people remains a big challenge. This study explored experiences and perceptions of young people in Kenya aged 10–24 with regard to their SRH needs and whether these are met by the available healthcare services. Methods 18 focus group discussions and 39 in-depth interviews were conducted at health care facilities and youth centres across selected urban and rural settings in Kenya. All interviews were tape recorded and transcribed. Data was analysed using the thematic framework approach. Results Young people’s perceptions are not uniform and show variation between boys and girls as well as for type of service delivery. Girls seeking antenatal care and family planning services at health facilities characterise the available services as good and staff as helpful. However, boys perceive services at health facilities as designed for women and children, and therefore feel uncomfortable seeking services. At youth centres, young people value the non-health benefits including availability of recreational facilities, prevention of idleness, building of confidence, improving interpersonal communication skills, vocational training and facilitation of career progression. Conclusion Providing young people with SRH information and services through the existing healthcare system, presents an opportunity that should be further optimised. Providing recreational activities via youth centres is reported by young people themselves to not lead to increased uptake of SRH healthcare services. There is need for more research to evaluate how perceived non-health benefits young people do gain from youth centres could lead to improved SRH of young people. PMID:24731733

2014-01-01

116

Making Theater: Developing Plays with Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers who have no particular experience or training in teaching theater, but who have a love of theater and enjoy a good play, this book discusses making theater with children. It explores improvisation, reading and acting with scripts, adapting plays for young actors, and writing plays. The examples presented in the text are…

Kohl, Herbert R.

117

Why Young People Don't Vote.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several reasons for decreasing voter participation in the United States, specifically focusing on lack of voter participation by youth. Highlights recommendations for increasing young voter turnout. Presents three voting activity lesson plans for middle school students and three activities entitled "Increasing Participation in Democracy"…

Gans, Curtis; And Others

1988-01-01

118

Associations between youth homelessness, sexual offenses, sexual victimization, and sexual risk behaviors: a systematic literature review.  

PubMed

Homeless youth commonly report engaging in sexual risk behaviors. These vulnerable young people also frequently report being sexually victimized. This systematic review collates, summarizes, and appraises published studies of youth investigating relationships between homelessness, perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior. A systematic search of seventeen psychology, health, and social science electronic databases was conducted. Search terms included "homeless*," "youth," "offend*," "victimization," "crime," "rape," "victim*," and "sex crimes." Thirty-eight studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Findings showed homeless youth commonly report being raped and sexually assaulted, fear being sexually victimized, and engage in street prostitution and survival sex. Rates of victimization and sexual risk behavior were generally higher for females. Given the paucity of longitudinal studies and limitations of current studies, it is unclear whether homelessness is prospectively associated with sexual victimization or engagement in sexual risk behavior, and whether such associations vary cross nationally and as a function of time and place. Future prospective research examining the influence of the situational context of homelessness is necessary to develop a better understanding of how homelessness influences the perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior among homeless youth. PMID:25411128

Heerde, Jessica A; Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E; Hemphill, Sheryl A

2015-01-01

119

Global Status Report: Alcohol and Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The global burden,of disease from,alcohol exceeds,that of tobacco in large part because,acute consequences,of alcohol use lead to death and disability in the younger years of life. There is evidence of a convergence in drinking patterns among the young, towards products marketed to youth cultures and tastes, and associated in developed countries with drinking to intoxication and with acute consequences

David H. Jernigan

2001-01-01

120

Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Homeless people represent an extremely disadvantaged group in North America. Among older homeless men, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death. The objective of this study was to examine cardiovascular risk factors in a representative sample of homeless adults and identify opportunities for improved risk factor modification. Methods and Results—Homeless persons were randomly selected at shelters for single

Tony C. Lee; John G. Hanlon; Jessica Ben-David; Gillian L. Booth; Warren J. Cantor; Philip W. Connelly; Stephen W. Hwang

2010-01-01

121

An Examination of Criminal Behavior among the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a significant social problem in the United States, with an estimated 2.5 million homeless people in this country today. While criminal activity may become a means for the homeless to obtain resources needed for basic survival, little is known about the level of criminal activity among the homeless or about the types of crimnal…

Solarz, Andrea

122

The role of the geographical imagination in young people’s political engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides new insights into the ways in which urban youth draw upon and reference spatial concepts over the course of their participation in activism and organizing. The concept of the geographical imagination is the starting point from which to explore how young people’s understanding of places near and far affects their political engagement. Civic participation is often conceived

Yvonne Hung

2011-01-01

123

Linking young and old institutionalized people.  

PubMed Central

A proprietary nursing home for the elderly in the State of North Carolina succeeded in pairing itself for joint activities of residents with an institution for the young mentally retarded. The young and old residents of the two homes were thus enabled to help each other, and thereby to help themselves as well. For the nursing home residents, this program provided an opportunity to engage in respected volunteer work and to regain a meaningful role in the community. It is believed that indications drawn from this demonstration of interaction between a nursing home and a home for the mentally retarded can aid in farther planning of such arrangements and in identifying research needs and potentials. Although only relatively few of the mildly impaired elderly in the nursing home volunteered for the joint activity, the ripple effect of the project extended beyond the direct participants. Since residents of the two institutions alternated visits, nonparticipants had a chance to observe and even participate in the activities for short periods. Even those who chose not to participate at all shared in the enriched conversation that resulted from this experience. The project was obviously a source of satisfaction and pride to residents of the nursing home, and the activity was eagerly received by the mentally retarded youngsters. The program demonstrates that aged persons in nursing homes can be tapped as a resource for providing service to institutionalized mentally retarded children and that a mutually beneficial relationship between the two institutions can accompany such service. Many leads for worthwhile research emerge from this pilot project. Images p58-a p58-b p61-a PMID:834844

Solon, J A; Amthor, R P; Rabb, M Y; Shelley, J C

1977-01-01

124

Young people and HIV prevention in Australian schools.  

PubMed

Australia has not seen a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic among young people. However, early research in the Australian context had indicated that the degree of unprotected sexual activity, partner change, and STI infection in this cohort would fuel a young people's epidemic if HIV ever reached a tipping point in the country. The difficulty of reaching young people outside school for HIV prevention has been no more successfully addressed in Australia than elsewhere. Therefore, the investment of Australian HIV prevention funds for youth has had an emphasis on school-based programs. This emphasis on formal schooling has led to a history of engagement with the ad hoc and unreliable nature of sexuality education in Australian schools. It has particularly been the catalyst for a struggle to construct young people as sexually active and as possessing a right to appropriate education, against tides of both secular and religiously-motivated resistance. The eight state and territory education sectors, along with the independent sectors, have had differing and sometimes troubled histories with HIV prevention. This paper discusses the differing HIV education policies and programs that have emerged in Australian schooling historically, and in some cases been abandoned altogether, amid strong public debates. It also considers current approaches, the new national curriculum, and future challenges. Additionally, the particular case of same sex attracted young men, who have a heightened level of vulnerability to HIV, is explored. Australian schools have struggled to address both the imperative for relevant sexuality education for same-sex-attracted young people and the broader issue of combating homophobia, which research has linked directly to this vulnerability. PMID:24846485

Jones, Tiffany; Mitchell, Anne

2014-06-01

125

Sexual perceptions and practices of young people in Northern Thailand  

PubMed Central

This study draws together survey and qualitative data on sexual practices among more than 1,750 young Northern Thai people aged 17-20 years. The survey data indicate that sexually active young people frequently engage in, or are subjected to, risk-taking behaviours that may expose them to sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. These include having multiple sexual partners and quite frequent partner turnover. High percentages also engage in unprotected sexual intercourse with various types of sexual partner (steady, casual and paid), and young women especially had often experienced sexual coercion. Qualitative data revealed a mixture of perceptions and practices affecting sexual intercourse among the young, such as having unplanned sex, engaging in sexual relations to display love or cement committed relationships, and having serial relationships, both monogamous and non-monogamous. We conclude that condom use should be a central focus of activities aimed at preventing adverse sexual health outcomes, but that new intervention approaches to encourage use of other contraceptives are also needed. Changes in sexual norms among young people also need to be acknowledged and accepted by older Thai generations in order for programs and interventions to combat negative sexual and reproductive health consequences to be more effective. PMID:22319025

Tangmunkongvorakul, Arunrat; Carmichael, Gordon; Banwell, Cathy; Utomo, Iwu Dwisetyani; Sleigh, Adrian

2011-01-01

126

Technology, Learning Communities and Young People: The Future Something Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Future Something Project" ("FSP"), a two-year action research project, was devised to nurture the creative and technological talent of small groups of young people at risk by creating a structured network, mentored and driven by creative professionals exploring innovative ways for the two distinct target groups to work together. The project…

Herne, Steve; Adams, Jeff; Atkinson, Dennis; Dash, Paul; Jessel, John

2013-01-01

127

Information on Sexuality for Young People and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book was designed to be a reference material as part of a comprehensive sex education program or as a family resource book. The language and syntax of the book as well as the line drawing illustrations are geared specifically for hearing impaired young people and others whose need for information on human sexuality may be more advanced than…

Fitz-Gerald, Max

128

Young People and Prostitution: An End to the Beginning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines some reasons for the failure to protect young people in England and Wales from sexual abuse inherent in prostitution. Identifies characteristics of the child protection system which fit poorly for work with these youth. Argues that lasting improvement of these children's well-being depends on the creation of "joined-up," integrated,…

Ayre, Patrick; Barrett, David

2000-01-01

129

Conflict Experience: A Phenomenological Study among Young People in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate how young people in Sweden experience conflicts. The study is phenomenological, which means that the focus is on the essence of the investigated experience. Data have been collected by self-reports and analyzed with the help of an empirical phenomenological method. The research process has resulted in…

Szklarski, Andrzej

2007-01-01

130

Career Guidance Mentoring for Disengaged Young People. NICEC ICG Briefing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction of mentoring approaches into local career guidance strategies could represent an important method of helping disengaged young people achieve a new sense of direction. The aim of Britain's Mentoring Action Project (MAP) initiative has been to create the opportunity to explore the potential for one-to-one mentoring in career…

Ford, Geoff

131

School of Biosciences HAVE YOUNG PEOPLES' WEIGHT LOSS  

E-print Network

the options "I would like to put on weight", "I would like to lose weight", and "I am happy with my weight with my weight as it is' Overweight and obese participants responding `I would like to lose weightSchool of Biosciences 2007/8 HAVE YOUNG PEOPLES' WEIGHT LOSS DESIRES CHANGED SIGNIFICANTLY OVER

Nottingham, University of

132

Cyberbullying: through the eyes of children and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of cyberbullying is raising international debate and concern. Through the development and dissemination of a questionnaire 12 student researchers were supported in surveying 325 UK students across Years 7, 8 and 9 to gain further knowledge of this area, in relation to children and young people. Results were analysed and comparisons made between gender and age, allowing conclusions

Melanie Jane Ackers

2012-01-01

133

Cyberbullying: Through the Eyes of Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of cyberbullying is raising international debate and concern. Through the development and dissemination of a questionnaire 12 student researchers were supported in surveying 325 UK students across Years 7, 8 and 9 to gain further knowledge of this area, in relation to children and young people. Results were analysed and comparisons made…

Ackers, Melanie Jane

2012-01-01

134

Under the Greenwood Tree: Shakespeare for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illustrated collection of poetic excerpts from the plays and sonnets of William Shakespeare is designed to be read and appreciated by young people. The 39 excerpts in the collection follow the "7 ages of man" pattern from childhood to old age. The collection's introduction by the famous Shakespearean scholar, A.L. Rowse, recounts…

Holdridge, Barbara, Ed.

135

A Stress-Management Guide for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a comprehensive guide to help young people understand and cope with stress, pressure, and anxiety. Adolescent readers are introduced to the concept of stress, the ways that stress can affect them, and the skills and techniques needed to help them learn effective ways to reduce and manage stress. The guide begins by defining…

Youngs, Bettie B.

136

Parental Influences on Young People's Sexual Behaviour: A Longitudinal Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both family structure and processes have been associated with young people's sexual behaviour, but most studies are cross-sectional and focus on only one outcome: age at first intercourse. This paper uses longitudinal data from a survey of Scottish teenagers (N=5041) to show how low parental monitoring predicts early sexual activity for both sexes…

Wight, Daniel; Williamson, Lisa; Henderson, Marion

2006-01-01

137

Factors favoring psychological resilience among fostered young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have examined factors in an out-of-home care sample and explicitly tested these in a predictive model. The purpose of our study was to build an exploratory predictive model of psychological adjustment, defined in terms of anxiety and physical aggression. Participants comprised 220 young people, aged 14 to 17, residing in Ontario, Canada. Selected predictors consisted of the factors

Louise Legault; Michelle Anawati; Robert Flynn

2006-01-01

138

Predictors of Academic Attainments of Young People with Down's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Earlier studies of young people with Down's syndrome have investigated a relatively limited range of variables which may influence their academic attainment. The relative strength of such influences and how they may vary during the school career, has also been under-researched. Aims: The aim of the paper is to identify the contemporary…

Turner, S.; Alborz, A.; Gayle, V.

2008-01-01

139

Living Accommodation for Young People. Report of An Exploratory Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Research Station has embarked on a series of case-studies on the provision of living accommodations for single young people in the 15 to 24 age group in England who live away from home because of education, training or employment. An exploratory review of the existing literature on the subject was made. Discussed are some of the…

Allen, Phyllis G.; Miller, A.

140

Barriers to Dance Training for Young People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dance is a viable and enjoyable activity -- and potential career -- for young people with disabilities, yet they face several barriers to participation and training. The aim of this article, by Imogen J. Aujla of the University of Bedfordshire and Emma Redding of Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance, is to review the literature on…

Aujla, Imogen J.; Redding, Emma

2013-01-01

141

Working in the Community with Young People Who Offend  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses how the "at risk" and "what works" approach that drives the management of youth criminal justice systems produces little knowledge that informs practitioners how best to work with young people who offend and how to design effective crime prevention programmes. An alternative approach that is more informative for the…

Sampson, Alice; Themelis, Spyros

2009-01-01

142

Drugs Education and Prevention for School-Aged Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drug misuse in Northern Ireland, like many parts of the world, is becoming one of the major issues facing society today. A first stage to addressing this problem is effective drugs education and prevention strategies to school-aged young people. A survey of a range of education providers including mainstream and special needs schools, and school…

McCrystal, Patrick; Winning, Kerry

2009-01-01

143

"Strong in Their Minds": Young People's Poems across an Ocean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article stresses the quality of universality within young people's poetry. The writer uses the poetry mainly written by children of Pakistani origin living in Pitsmoor and Fir Vale in north-east Sheffield, Yorkshire, England, as a stimulus for the creative writing of children of the Mohawk nation in the reservation school of Tyendinaga…

Searle, Chris

2009-01-01

144

Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides the text for United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People. This document is part of a special collection of resources in the journal that address sexual abuse and the growing number of both confirmed and alleged cases of pedophilia and sexual abuse within the Catholic Church. (RC)

Momentum, 2002

2002-01-01

145

Disengaged and Disaffected Young People: Surviving the System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are counter-narratives of youth as at risk and as buoyant and agentive. The article maps the conceptual terrain concerning resilience, well-being, buoyancy, enjoyment and happiness and selects factors related to the successful navigation of schooling. It analyses data from a subset of a national data set, from 65 young people considered to…

Lumby, Jacky

2012-01-01

146

Comorbidity: Coexisting Substance Use and Mental Disorders in Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with comorbid disorders (coexisting mental health and substance use disorders) present with particular issues that can be difficult for service providers, and for the community as a whole, to respond to. They tend to fall between the cracks of mental health services and substance use services, with the outcome often being ineffective…

Howard, John; Stubbs, Matt; Arcuri, Anthony

2007-01-01

147

Do Young People's Illness Beliefs Affect Healthcare? A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

A successful patient-centered approach in clinical practice implies an understanding of patients' experiences of illness, and therefore of their illness beliefs. This paper presents a systematic review of the literature on young people's common illness beliefs in contemporary Western societies and the extent to which these beliefs have been shown to affect healthcare.

Dagmar M. Haller; Lena A. Sanci; Susan M. Sawyer; George Patton

2008-01-01

148

Young people's intended civic and political participation: does education matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizenship education was introduced as a statutory subject in England in September 2002 with the aim of promoting civic and political engagement. However, whilst education is undoubtedly a powerful socialisation force, it is not the only factor that is likely to influence young people's civic and political participation. Political science theories regarding adult participation highlight the role of variables such

Joana Lopes; Thomas Benton; Elizabeth Cleaver

2009-01-01

149

The Educational and Professional Trajectories of Working Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dynamism of social processes, the development of technologies, and the modernization of industrial production require raising the education and qualifications of blue-collar workers, particularly working young people. This accounts for the focus on problems of that group's formation, their integration into society, their acquisition and…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2012-01-01

150

Plague and Paideia: Sabotage in Devising Theatre with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnography, completed by the classroom teacher in a publicly funded secondary school in Mississauga, Canada, explores issues of conflict and sabotage that affected a devising project with suburban young people. The processes of devising generated ethnographic data that included a play script and videotaped rehearsals and performances. As…

Wessels, Anne

2012-01-01

151

Mediating Gendered Performances: Young People Negotiating Embodiment in Research Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender inequalities in schools have implications for life chances, emotional well-being and educational policies and practices, but are apparently resistant to change. This paper employs Judith Butler's conceptualisation of performativity in a study of young people and consumption to provide insights into gendered inequities. It argues that…

Phoenix, Ann; Pattman, Rob; Croghan, Rosaleen; Griffin, Christine

2013-01-01

152

Setting the Agenda: Social Inclusion, Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper was prepared collectively by participants of the third seminar in a series with the title Challenging ""Social Inclusion": Perspectives for and from Children and Young People". Three 3-day seminars took place at the Universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow and Stirling in 2002-3 attended by academics, professionals from voluntary sector…

Children & Society, 2004

2004-01-01

153

Social Influences on Young People's Sexual Health in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of social context on young people's sexual lives and sexual health, and to highlight the need for HIV prevention and sexual health programmes which better take into account these contextual influences. Design/methodology/approach: The paper draws on findings from a multi-method,…

Bell, Stephen; Aggleton, Peter

2013-01-01

154

Developing Environmental Agency and Engagement through Young People's Fiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the extent to which stories for young people encourage environmental engagement and a sense of agency. Our discussion is informed by the work of Paul Ricoeur (on hermeneutics and narrative), John Dewey (on primacy of experience) and John Macmurray (on personal agency in society). We understand fiction reading about place as…

Bigger, Stephen; Webb, Jean

2010-01-01

155

Professional care after deliberate self-harm: a qualitative study of young people’s experiences  

PubMed Central

Background Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is increasingly common among young people. At the same time, treatment and support after DSH are often hampered by low compliance. Aim To explore young people’s perceptions of care and support during a 6-month period following their first contact for DSH. Methods We conducted nine semistructured interviews with young people aged 16–24 years 6 months after their first contact for DSH. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results Three main themes were extracted from the interviews. “Am I really in good hands?” describes whether the participants felt they were being listened to and taken seriously and whether they could rely on the competence of the professionals and the appropriateness of treatment, including keeping agreements and communication with other relevant agencies. “Help should match life circumstances” comprises how basic practicalities such as travel possibilities affect treatment and concomitant assistance in everyday living. Financial matters and jobseeking were perceived as necessary for optimal treatment and well-being. “Making yourself better” includes participants’ efforts to manage on their own, through realizing their own responsibility to be engaged and actively take part in treatment planning. Conclusion Flexibility and responsiveness to young people’s own views and specific needs in treatment arrangements are of crucial importance. The significance of basic practical help cannot be underestimated and should not be overlooked.

Idenfors, Hans; Kullgren, Gunnar; Salander Renberg, Ellinor

2015-01-01

156

Developing community support for homeless people with mental illness in transition.  

PubMed

To facilitate effective transitional services and enhance continuity of care among people with mental illness, this grounded theory study explored the practice of developing community support in critical time intervention (CTI), a time-limited, shortterm psychosocial rehabilitation program designed to facilitate the critical transition from institutional to community settings. Semi-structured, one-on-one interviews with twelve CTI workers were analyzed. Results show that CTI workers self-identified as an "extra support" to develop community ties that will help clients sustain stable housing. Their practice of community support development was represented by a transient triangular relationship model, involving three dyadic relationships (worker-client, worker-primary support, primary support-client) as the building blocks and specific strategies to facilitate the relational transition. Findings also detailed identification of community supports, collaboration and boundary issues in working with primary supports, and engagement with clients in this transitional process. Recommendations were drawn from findings to enhance broad discharge and transitional services. PMID:23925730

Chen, Fang-pei

2014-07-01

157

Using Social Justice Group Work with Young Mothers Who Experience Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates (e.g., Bassuk et al., 1997) that women and children make up a large percentage of the total number of individuals living without permanent shelter. This article represents a reflective analysis of our work as group facilitators who conducted a series of personal growth groups for young mothers living in a residential facility…

Coker, Angela D.; Meyer, Dixie; Smith, Rachelle; Price, Amber

2010-01-01

158

‘It’s work, work, work, work’: young people’s experiences of effort and engagement in dance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is the second phase of a large project examining young people’s experiences in dance education. It draws on multi?modal data from over 700 young people, diverse both demographically and in terms of degree and kind of dance experience. This phase focuses on data reflecting engagement and disengagement in dance, and illuminates them from a number of theoretical perspectives.

Karen E. Bond; Susan W. Stinson

2007-01-01

159

Housing First Services for People Who Are Homeless With Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on homeless adults with severe mental illness is generally silent on a critical issue surrounding service delivery—the contrast between housing first and treatment first program philosophies. This study draws on data from a longitudinal experiment contrasting a housing first program (which offers immediate permanent housing without requiring treatment compliance or abstinence) and treatment first (standard care) programs for

Deborah K. Padgett; Leyla Gulcur; Sam Tsemberis

2006-01-01

160

Jobs, Welfare and Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides objective information about the relationship of poverty, welfare, and homelessness to California's regional economy and about the design of programs that help people in poverty build working lives. California does not have enough jobs for its workforce, and welfare caseloads are consequently determined by the economy. The…

Einbinder, Susan; And Others

161

Homelessness and risk of end-stage renal disease.  

PubMed

To identify homeless people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who were at highest risk for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), we studied 982 homeless and 15,674 domiciled people with CKD receiving public health care. We developed four risk prediction models for the primary outcome of ESRD. Overall, 71 homeless and 888 domiciled people progressed to ESRD during follow-up (median: 6.6 years). Homeless people with CKD experienced significantly higher incidence rates of ESRD than poor but domiciled peers. Most homeless people who developed progressive CKD were readily identifiable well before ESRD using a prediction model with five common variables. We estimated that program following homeless people in the highest decile of ESRD risk would have captured 64-85% of those who eventually progressed to ESRD within five years. Thus, an approach targeting homeless people at high risk for ESRD appears feasible and could reduce substantial morbidity and costs incurred by this highly vulnerable group. PMID:25130236

Maziarz, Marlena; Chertow, Glenn M; Himmelfarb, Jonathan; Hall, Yoshio N

2014-08-01

162

Homelessness and Risk of End- stage Renal Disease  

PubMed Central

To identify homeless people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who were at highest risk for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), we studied 982 homeless and 15,674 domiciled people with CKD receiving public health care. We developed four risk prediction models for the primary outcome of ESRD. Overall, 71 homeless and 888 domiciled people progressed to ESRD during follow- up (median: 6.6 years). Homeless people with CKD experienced significantly higher incidence rates of ESRD than poor but domiciled peers. Most homeless people who developed progressive CKD were readily identifiable well before ESRD using a prediction model with five common variables. We estimated that program following homeless people in the highest decile of ESRD risk would have captured 64–85% of those who eventually progressed to ESRD within five years. Thus, an approach targeting homeless people at high risk for ESRD appears feasible and could reduce substantial morbidity and costs incurred by this highly vulnerable group. PMID:25130236

Maziarz, Marlena; Chertow, Glenn M.; Himmelfarb, Jonathan; Hall, Yoshio N.

2014-01-01

163

Fun and enjoyment in physical education: young people’s attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fun and enjoyment are recurring themes in physical education literature, although there has been some debate concerning the distinction between the two concepts. Whereas enjoyment is generally regarded as helpful in fostering positive attitudes towards physical education, fun has not always been considered an appropriate outcome of physical education. This paper seeks to explore further the meanings young people give

Harriet Dismore; Richard Bailey

2010-01-01

164

Invest in adolescents and young people: it pays  

PubMed Central

This year’s Women Deliver conference made a strong call for investing in the health and development of adolescents and young people. It highlighted the unique problems faced by adolescent girls and young women–some of the most vulnerable and neglected individuals in the world–and stressed the importance of addressing their needs and rights, not only for their individual benefit, but also to achieve global goals such as reducing maternal mortality and HIV infection. In response to an invitation from the editors of Reproductive Health, we-the sixteen coauthors of this commentary–put together key themes that reverberated throughout the conference, on the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, and promising solutions to meet them. 1. Investing in adolescents and young people is crucial for ensuring health, creating prosperity and fulfilling human rights. 2. Gender inequality contributes to many health and social problems. Adolescent girls and boys, and their families and communities, should be challenged and supported to change inequitable gender norms. –?Child marriage utterly disempowers girls. It is one of the most devastating manifestations of gender discrimination. –?Negative social and cultural attitudes towards menstruation constrain the lives of millions of girls. This may well establish the foundation for lifelong discomfort felt by girls about their bodies and reticence in seeking help when problems arise. 3. Adolescents need comprehensive, accurate and developmentally appropriate sexuality education. This will provide the bedrock for attitude formation and decision making. 4. Adolescent-centered health services can prevent sexual and reproductive health problems and detect and treat them if and when they occur. 5. National governments have the authority and the responsibility to address social and cultural barriers to the provision of sexual and reproductive health education and services for adolescents and young people. 6. Adolescents should be involved more meaningfully in national and local actions intended to meet their needs and respond to their problems. 7. The time to act is now. We know more now than ever before about the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, as well as the solutions to meeting those needs. PMID:24041149

2013-01-01

165

Assessment and awareness of the challenges can help young people.  

PubMed

In the UK, young carers are defined as people under the age of 18 who give regular and ongoing care to a family member, beyond that normally expected of a child ( Phelps 2012 ). They can be doubly burdened by the demands of caring itself and by the effect on development, health and education. Often these problems are compounded by secrecy with children and families often afraid to ask for help ( Smyth et al 2010 ). PMID:25487392

Penn, Sarah

2014-12-01

166

Risk in the Education of Young People: A Roundtable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a roundtable discussion on the risk in the education of young people in Russia. Participants were as follows: (1) Iu.A. Zubok; (2) A.I. Kovaleva; (3) D.L. Konstantinovskii; (4) V.A. Lukov; (5) V.Ia. Nechaev; (6) N.L. Smakotina; (7) V.I. Chuprov; (8) V.I. Zubkov; (9) Iu.V. Goliusova; (10) E.G. Panteleev; (11) I.A. Seleznev;…

Russian Education and Society, 2007

2007-01-01

167

Sexual health education interventions for young people: a methodological review.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES--To locate reports of sexual health education interventions for young people, assess the methodological quality of evaluations, identify the subgroup with a methodologically sound design, and assess the evidence with respect to the effectiveness of different approaches to promoting young people's sexual health. DESIGN--Survey of reports in English by means of electronic databases and hand searches for relevant studies conducted in the developed world since 1982. Papers were reviewed for eight methodological qualities. The evidence on effectiveness generated by studies meeting four core criteria was assessed. Judgments on effectiveness by reviewers and authors were compared. PAPERS--270 papers reporting sexual health interventions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--The methodological quality of evaluations. RESULTS--73 reports of evaluations of sexual health interventions examining the effectiveness of these interventions in changing knowledge, attitudes, or behavioural outcomes were identified, of which 65 were separate outcome evaluations. Of these studies, 45 (69%) lacked random control groups, 44 (68%) failed to present preintervention and 38 (59%) postintervention data, and 26 (40%) omitted to discuss the relevance of loss of data caused by drop outs. Only 12 (18%) of the 65 outcome evaluations were judged to be methodologically sound. Academic reviewers were more likely than authors to judge studies as unclear because of design faults. Only two of the sound evaluations recorded interventions which were effective in showing an impact on young people's sexual behaviour. CONCLUSIONS--The design of evaluations in sexual health intervention needs to be improved so that reliable evidence of the effectiveness of different approaches to promoting young people's sexual health may be generated. PMID:7833754

Oakley, A.; Fullerton, D.; Holland, J.; Arnold, S.; France-Dawson, M.; Kelley, P.; McGrellis, S.

1995-01-01

168

The macroeconomic impact of the New Deal for Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

The New Deal for Young People (NDYP) is one of the main components of the UK government’s Welfare-to-Work strategy aimed at raising employment and reducing benefit dependency. It combines elements of an active labour market programme with a stricter benefit regime. This paper evaluates its impact on the wider economy, emphasising the importance of the programme’s effect on wage pressure,

Rebecca Riley; Garry Young

2001-01-01

169

Behavioural and social correlates of sedentary time in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveIn this study, behavioural and social correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in young people were identified.DesignCross-sectional analysis of data from the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS).SettingSchools in Denmark, Estonia, Portugal and Norway.ParticipantsRespondents were invited using a twostage cluster sampling procedure. Analyses include 2107 children (9–10 years old) and adolescents (14–15 years old).Assessment of independent variablesSeven behavioural and 15 social

E. M. F. van Sluijs; A. Page; Y. Ommundsen; S. J. Griffin

2010-01-01

170

Music preferences and young people's attitudes towards spending and saving  

Microsoft Academic Search

We aimed to find patterns among young people's music preferences in relation to their attitudes towards saving or spending money. Previous research found that certain music genres (e.g. rap and dance) are associated with impulsive behaviour and a pleasure-seeking lifestyle. Other music genres (e.g. classical and oldies) are associated with more adult-approved lifestyles, such as doing well in school. Our

Ambrose Leung; Cheryl Kier

2010-01-01

171

The faces of dignity: Rethinking the politics of homelessness and poverty in America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conditions of homelessness and poverty in America are being criminalized and pathologized such that people who are poor or homeless are marginalized and paternalized to the point of corrupting the possibility of human dignity. In a radical revision of accepted charity models for dealing with homelessness, a group of homeless people have established their own tent community based in

Susan Finley

2003-01-01

172

Youth social action is an effective and meaningful way to develop young people's character virtues.  

E-print Network

Youth social action is an effective and meaningful way to develop young people's character virtues Development `Through a dedication to social action the character of young people and the communities they live for social action.This should be in a way that recognises young people's agency in developing their patterns

Birmingham, University of

173

Brief Report: Young People at Risk for Eating Disorders in Southeast Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A representative sample of 7-14-year-old young people in southeast Brazil (N=1251) was assessed using standardized parent and youth interviews, thereby identifying an "at-risk" group of young people who met one or more DSM-IV criteria for anorexia and/or bulimia nervosa. These young people were compared with an age and gender matched comparison…

Moya, Tatiana; Fleitlich-Bilyk, Bacy; Goodman, Robert

2006-01-01

174

Obtaining Consent from Young People with Autism to Participate in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with autism were involved in a study examining the participation of young people with autism in drama education. This study considers the approaches devised to obtain consent from ten young people with autism who communicated in different ways. The process of obtaining consent and monitoring assent is outlined and evaluated. The…

Loyd, Daisy

2013-01-01

175

Desistance from crime: reflections on the transitional experiences of young people with a history of offending  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to explore the complexities involved in young people's attempts to move away from criminal activity. This paper draws on qualitative data from a study that aimed to identify how young people negotiate transitions away from offending. The paper argues that an analysis of the subtle shifts in young people's perceptions and interpretations of their

Yvonne Haigh

2009-01-01

176

Sexual Beginners: Accounting for First Sexual Intercourse in Italian Young People's Heterosexual Biographies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on survey data of 1000 young people aged 18-29 and semi-structured interviews with 51 young people aged 18-34 living in a north-western Italian region, the article explores how they account for their first heterosexual intercourse. Young people describe and make sense of their experiences by referring to sexual scripts; narrative sequences…

Ferrero Camoletto, Raffaella

2011-01-01

177

Sexual behaviour of young people in international tourist resorts  

PubMed Central

Background/objectives: Increasingly, young people travel abroad to experience nightlife in international resorts. Although media coverage of such resorts suggests high levels of sexual activity, little empirical data are currently available. We have measured: 3 year trends in sexual behaviour of young people visiting Ibiza, levels of sexual risk taking, and their relation to substance use. Additionally, in 2002 we identified levels of homosexual sex and sexual interactions between UK residents and individuals from other countries. Methods: Data were collected from visitors to Ibiza between 2000 and 2002 just before they left the island. Information on sexual health was surveyed using a short anonymous questionnaire. Results: Over half of individuals (56.0%) visiting Ibiza had sex with at least one person, with 26.2% of males and 14.5% of females having sex with more than one individual. However, of those arriving without sexual partners (75.5%) just under half (47.5%) have sex in Ibiza and most of these (62.4%) always used condoms. Having any sex abroad was associated with using illicit drugs and having more sexual partners in the 6 months before visiting Ibiza. However, having unprotected sex or sex with more than one person was associated with smoking as well as having higher numbers of sexual partners before their visit. Overall, 8.6% of individuals had sex with a non-UK resident in Ibiza although such individuals were no more likely to have sex without condoms. Conclusions: Substantial numbers of individuals visiting international nightlife resorts have unprotected sex with people they meet while abroad. This poses an increasing threat to the sexual health of UK residents but as yet little attention has been paid to developing interventions that might reduce sexual risk taking among young people holidaying abroad. PMID:14755035

Bellis, M; Hughes, K; Thomson, R; Bennett, A

2004-01-01

178

Homelessness Assistance and Resources  

MedlinePLUS

... are also available. Find local housing, food, and health care assistance agencies Resources for the chronically homeless Resources for homeless veterans Resources for homeless youth Resources for homeless veteran ...

179

A mobile phone program to track young people’s experiences of mood, stress and coping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Research examining adolescent mood, stresses, and coping has tended to use retrospective questionnaires which are affected\\u000a by recall biases. The aim of this study was to develop, pilot, and evaluate a youth-friendly mobile phone program to monitor,\\u000a in real-time, young people’s everyday experiences of mood, stress, and their coping behaviours.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method and design  A momentary sampling program was designed for mobile

Sophie C. Reid; Sylvia D. Kauer; Paul Dudgeon; Lena A. Sanci; Lydia A. Shrier; George C. Patton

2009-01-01

180

Murine typhus in the homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless populations are particularly exposed to many vector-borne diseases because of their poor living conditions. We tested sera from 299 homeless people recruited in 2010 and 2011 in Marseilles, France for antibodies to Rickettsia typhi by microimmunofluorescence using a titer of 1:25 as a cut-off titer, and we confirmed the results by Western blot and cross-adsorption studies. Sixty-three persons (22%)

Sékéné Badiaga; Samir Benkouiten; Hind Hajji; Didier Raoult; Philippe Brouqui

181

Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: "No One Likes Street Kids"--Even in the Castro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, focused on five transgender and gay youth of color from San Francisco, explored how family problems, poverty, homophobia, and transphobia propelled them into homelessness and made gay-friendly spaces and resources especially meaningful to them. These young people describe seeking support in San Francisco's well-known gay enclave, the…

Reck, Jen

2009-01-01

182

The Unique and Combined Effects of Homelessness and School Mobility on the Educational Outcomes of Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the unique and combined associations of homelessness and school mobility with educational well-being indicators, as well as the mediating effect of absenteeism, for an entire cohort of third-grade students in Philadelphia. Using integrated archival administrative data from the public school district and the municipal Office of…

Fantuzzo, John W.; LeBoeuf, Whitney A.; Chen, Chin-Chih; Rouse, Heather L.; Culhane, Dennis P.

2012-01-01

183

Young people’s experience of emergency medical services as road traffic accident victims: a pilot qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A visit to the Accident and Emergency (A&E) department following an accident is often a young person’s first experience of hospital. A&E is a pressured environment which can be frightening and stressful for young people. This study reports the views of young people who have had contact with emergency medical services following a road traffic accident (RTA). Negative experiences were

Emma Salter; Paul Stallard

2004-01-01

184

Love Bugs: promoting sexual health among young people in Samoa.  

PubMed

Issues addressed This project addressed the sexual health and well being of youth in Samoa; a key at-risk group experiencing high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and alienation from sexual health services. Methods Love Bugs included a health promotion event held at the National University of Samoa (NUS), exposing young people to sexual health information and developing personal skills and building self-efficacy around healthy relationships, communication and safer sex. A survey provided insights into participants' knowledge and perceptions of sexual health, STIs and healthy relationships. In response to survey results, six free condom dispensers were installed at NUS. Results Love Bugs exposed over 500 Samoan youth to positive sexual health information and provided an opportunity for personal skill development with regard to protecting sexual health and well being. Condom dispensers were developed and installed on the university campus for the ongoing access by students without concern of cost or embarrassment. Strong partnerships were built between key community and government stakeholders that encouraged collaborative action towards protecting sexual health and well being of Samoan youth. Conclusions Love Bugs was a successful initiative which addressed sexual health and well being of young people in Samoa. A comprehensive evaluation should be undertaken. So what? Love Bugs highlighted creative and culturally-appropriate ways to address sexual health in the Pacific. Rates of STIs and unplanned pregnancies, particularly for youth, could be reduced through investment in the implementation and evaluation of such initiatives. PMID:25436987

Heard, Emma; Auvaa, Leveti; Pickering, Charlotte

2014-12-01

185

Being "An Authentic Alteno": Young People in a Bolivian Andean City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What does it mean to be young in El Alto, a Bolivian shantytown? Based on ethnographic research, this article looks at cultural resilience among young people in a vulnerable urban context. It emphasises how young people value informal youth groups as a tool to valorise their own indigenous culture. This is echoed in the world of adults, implying…

Calestani, Melania

2012-01-01

186

The Impact of Enterprise Education on Attitudes to Enterprise in Young People: An Evaluation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to present evidence on the impact of enterprise education on young people still at school in London, UK. The study was designed to measure the effect of participation in a Young Enterprise (YE) Company Program on young people's attitudes toward starting a business, and on their enterprise potential.…

Athayde, Rosemary

2012-01-01

187

A Taxonomy of Medical Comorbidity for Veterans Who are Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless veterans have numerous medical and behavioral health problems. Grouping homeless people based on comorbidity patterns may assist in determining severity of illness and triaging health care more effectively. We sought to determine if a finite number of profiles could be identified related to demographic characteristics, living situation, length of homelessness, and referral areas using interview data from 2,733 veterans

MPH Adam J. Gordon

2008-01-01

188

Head Injury and Mortality in the Homeless.  

PubMed

Abstract Risk factors for head injury are also risk factors for becoming homeless but there is little research on this vulnerable group, who can be neglected by health services that specialize in acquired brain injury. This study investigates the prevalence of admissions to hospital with a head injury in the homeless and associations with later mortality. It compares homeless people with and without a record of hospitalized head injury (HHI) and the Glasgow population. Data were obtained from a U.K. National Health Service strategy to enhance care of the homeless. This included development and production of local registers of homeless people. In Glasgow, the initiative took place over a seven-year period (2004-2010) and comprised 40 general practitioner (family practice) services in the locality of 55 homeless hostels. The register was linked to hospital admissions with head injury recorded in Scottish Medical Records and to the General Register of Scotland, which records deaths. A total of 1590 homeless people was registered in general practitioner (family doctor) returns. The prevalence of admission to hospital with head injury in the homeless over a 30-year period (13.5%) was 5.4 times higher than in the Glasgow population. In the homeless with HHI, 33.6% died in the seven-year census period, compared with 13.9% in the homeless with no hospitalized HI (NHHI). The standardized mortality ratio for HHI (4.51) was more than twice that for NHHI (2.08). The standardized mortality ratio for HHI aged 15-34 (17.54) was particularly high. These findings suggest that HHI is common in the homeless relative to the general population and is a risk factor for late mortality in the homeless population. PMID:25010750

McMillan, Thomas M; Laurie, Marie; Oddy, Michael; Menzies, Mark; Stewart, Elaine; Wainman-Lefley, Jessica

2014-10-01

189

Tools and Techniques to Teach Earth Sciences to Young People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study aims to identify the tools available to disseminate the Earth sciences to young people in Brazil and to propose new techniques that may help in the teaching of such subjects. The use of scientific dissemination can be a great tool for the consolidation of a scientific culture, especially for a public of young students. The starting point of this study is an important characteristic that is present in virtually all the children: curiosity. The young public tries to understand how the world is and how it works. The use of scientific dissemination and some educational experiences have shown that these students have a great ability to learn and deal with various topics within the Earth Sciences. Another relevant point is the possibility to show that the Earth sciences, e.g., geophysics, oceanography, meteorology, geology and geography, can be an educational attractive option. Several ways of disseminating Earth sciences are commonly used with the purpose of attracting and mainly teaching these subjects, such as websites, interactive museums and cultural and educational spaces. The objectives of this work are: i) Investigate the role of science centers as motivators in disseminating the scientific knowledge by examining the communication resources that are being employed, the acceptance, reaction, and interest of children to these means, and ii) From this analysis, to list suggestions of contents and new tools that could be used for obtaining better results.

Constantino, R.; Dicelis, G.; Molina, E. C.

2010-12-01

190

[Media messages to promote safer sex. Contact with young people].  

PubMed

In 1993, the national radio station of Zambia launched a popular music show on the fight against AIDS. Support of the national AIDS control program put information on HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, and sexuality at the disposal of thousands of youth. Radio is an effective medium to distribute information, to stimulate an awareness that AIDS is bad, and to influence public opinion. The Saturday Beat radio show is broadcast for 45 minutes every Saturday morning when most Zambians are at home. It has jingles about condom use and questions about AIDS with show listeners responding via the telephone, and discussions on HIV prevention. The show also has interviews with HIV-positive people, and with physicians, music stars, and government officials such as the Vice Minister of Health. Saturday Beat is very popular and well praised. Listeners call in from around the country and are encouraged to write and submit questions. The show host answers listeners' letters during the show. The show can organize demonstrations for loyal listeners where youth lead debates and discussions that can be taped and broadcast. Another popular medium is a photo-story (comic book with photographs rather than drawings) about a young woman named Roxy and her friends. The characters of the photo-story have different attitudes about AIDS and sex and offer different options to prevent HIV infection. Young people helped create this photo-story through a series of discussions and an examination of their feelings, their experiences, and their relationships with boy/girl friends. They were also involved in test marketing the photo story. The public appreciates Roxy. Readers can recognize themselves easily in the characters, and those with little education can understand the story. Some parents and teachers found the story too sexually explicit, but many people now agree that the story provides educational benefits. PMID:12292177

1995-04-01

191

Adult Education for the Homeless. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testing of skills in reading, mathematics, and English as a second language (ESL) was conducted at 12 programs for homeless people in California in 1992; 2,111 homeless persons were evaluated. Analysis of the data revealed that approximately 63 percent of the participants were male and 37 percent were female; 35 percent were between 20-29, 39…

Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System, San Diego, CA.

192

Imagine the Possibilities: Sourcebook for Educators Committed to the Educational Success of Students Experiencing Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook assembles the results of research on educating homeless students and offers classroom strategies for people working with homeless students, providing training tools to strengthen programs and practices in schools and shelters. Chapter 1, "Increasing Awareness about Students Experiencing Homelessness," defines homelessness,…

Berliner, BethAnn

193

The Dynamics of Families Who Are Homeless: Implications for Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family homelessness has emerged as a serious global problem (Stronge, 2000). Over the past 25 years in the United States, the makeup of the homeless population has changed significantly. As De Angelis (1994) reports: The landscape of homelessness has changed since the early 1980s, when nearly all homeless people were men. Today,…

Swick, Kevin J.

2004-01-01

194

Identifying the Precipitants of Homeless Protest across 17 U.S. Cities, 1980 to 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1980s, homeless people formed social movement organizations and mobilized collective action events in cities across the US. From the vantage point of social movement theories and scholarship on homelessness, it is surprising that homeless protest was so prevalent in the 1980s. Yet we find evidence of homeless protest events across no…

Snow, David A.; Soule, Sarah A.; Cress, Daniel M.

2005-01-01

195

Effects of norm referent salience on young people's dietary orientation.  

PubMed

We examined the effects of making salient different norm referents on young people's dietary orientation. Participants were exposed to a referent who was either of similar age to themselves or older before reporting their normative beliefs, attitudes and intentions concerning dietary behavior. As predicted, exposure to the older referent was associated with stronger perceptions that eating five portions of fruit and vegetables each day was normative. Compared to those exposed to the same-age referent, participants exposed to the older referent reported more positive attitudes towards eating "five-a-day" and stronger intentions to do so over the coming week. Referent salience was also associated with a behavioral outcome, with those participants exposed to the older referent more likely to take a piece of fruit upon completion of the study (OR: 4.97, 95% CI: 1.39-17.82). The implications of these findings for norms-based interventions for changing dietary behavior are discussed. PMID:25447012

Tarrant, Mark; Khan, Sammyh S; Qin, Qi

2015-02-01

196

A motivation-based explanatory model of street drinking among young people.  

PubMed

This social marketing study focuses on street drinking behavior among young people. The objective is to divide the market of young people who engage in this activity into segments according to their motivations. For the three segments identified, a behavior model is created using the beliefs, attitudes, behavior, and social belonging of young people who engage in street drinking. The methodology used individual questionnaires filled in by a representative sample of young people. The results show that the behavior model follows the sequence of attitudes-beliefs-behavior and that social belonging influences these three variables. Similarly, differences are observed in the behavior model depending on the segment individuals belong to. PMID:25068605

Martín-Santana, Josefa D; Beerli-Palacio, Asunción; Fernández-Monroy, Margarita

2014-01-01

197

Participation in science and technology: young people's achievement-related choices in late-modern societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people’s participation in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) is a matter of international concern. Studies and careers that require physical sciences and advanced mathematics are most affected by the problem and women in particular are under?represented in many STEM fields. This article views international research about young people’s relationships to, and participation in, STEM subjects and careers through

Maria Vetleseter Bøe; Ellen Karoline Henriksen; Terry Lyons; Camilla Schreiner

2011-01-01

198

Evaluating youth-friendly health services: young people’s perspectives from a simulated client study in urban South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Few youth-friendly health services worldwide have been scaled up or evaluated from young people’s perspectives. South Africa’s Youth Friendly Services (YFS) programme is one of the few to have been scaled up. This study investigated young people’s experiences of using sexual and reproductive health services at clinics providing the YFS programme, compared to those that did not, using the simulated client method. Design Fifteen primary healthcare clinics in Soweto were randomly sampled: seven provided the YFS programme. Simulated clients conducted 58 visits; young men requested information on condom reliability and young women on contraceptive methods. There were two outcome measures: a single measure of the overall clinic experience (clinic visit score) and whether or not simulated clients would recommend a clinic to their peers. The clinic visit score was based on variables relating to the simulated clients’ interactions with staff, details of their consultation, privacy, confidentiality, the healthcare workers’ characteristics, and the clinic environment. A larger score corresponds to a worse experience than a smaller one. Multilevel regression models and framework analysis were used to investigate young people’s experiences. Results Health facilities providing the YFS programme did not deliver a more positive experience to young people than those not providing the programme (mean difference in clinic visit score: ?0.18, 95% CI: ?0.95, 0.60, p=0.656). They were also no more likely to be recommended by simulated clients to their peers (odds ratio: 0.48, 95% CI: 0.11, 2.10, p=0.331). More positive experiences were characterised by young people as those where healthcare workers were friendly, respectful, knew how to talk to young people, and appeared to value them seeking health information. Less positive experiences were characterised by having to show soiled sanitary products to obtain contraceptives, healthcare workers expressing negative opinions about young people seeking information, lack of privacy, and inadequate information. Conclusions The provision and impact of the YFS programme are limited. Future research should explore implementation. Regular training and monitoring could enable healthcare workers to address young people’s needs. PMID:25623610

Geary, Rebecca S.; Webb, Emily L.; Clarke, Lynda; Norris, Shane A.

2015-01-01

199

“Dying a hero”: parents’ and young people’s discourses on concurrent sexual partnerships in rural Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Concurrent sexual partnerships (CSPs) have been speculated to drive the HIV pandemic in many sub-Saharan African countries. We have limited understanding of how people think and talk about CSPs, how beliefs are transmitted across generations, and how this might affect the practice. This paper explores these issues to understand how CSPs are perpetuated and help identify opportunities for interventions to modify them. Methods The study employed an ethnographic research design involving: participant observation in 10 households, 60 in-depth interviews (IDIs), and nine participatory focus group discussions (FGDs). Participants were young people aged 14-24 and parents/carers of young people within this age group. The 60 IDIs were conducted with: 17 fathers, 13 mothers, 13 young men and 17 young women (six of whom had had unplanned pregnancies and 11 had no children). The nine FGDs were conducted with groups of: fathers (2), mothers (2), young women (2), and young men (3). A discourse analysis was carried out with all the transcripts. Data were analysed with the aid of NVIVO 8 software. Results Six distinct discourses were identified from the way participants talked about CSPs and the norms driving the practice: 1) predatory masculine sexuality; 2) masculine respectability; 3) feminine respectability; 4) empowered modern women; 5) traditional health beliefs; 6) public health. Discourses legitimating CSPs were drawn on and reproduced primarily by young people and the media and only indirectly by parents. Discourses discouraging CSPs were used primarily by parents, religious leaders and learning institutions and only indirectly by young people themselves. Conclusion Better knowledge of the discourses through which young people CSPs, and how these discourses are transmitted across generations, might help develop “culturally compelling” interventions that modify these discourses to enhance sexual health. PMID:25048413

2014-01-01

200

Patterns of Substance Use among Young People Attending Colleges of Further Education in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: Substance use and misuse amongst young people attending colleges of further education (FE) has received little attention in the drug use literature in the UK. This article aims to explore the patterns of drug use amongst young people attending colleges of further education in Northern Ireland. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey…

McCrystal, Patrick; Percy, Andrew

2011-01-01

201

Agency and Reflexivity in Boomtown Transitions: Young People Deciding on a School and Work Direction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent decades, young people's transitions from school to work have undergone substantial changes. As young people make their way from compulsory schooling to employment, they find themselves having to navigate an increasingly complex, technologically innovative and globalised world. These social changes have prompted youth researchers to…

O'Connor, Christopher D.

2014-01-01

202

Young People with Learning Disabilities Living in State Care: Their Emotional, Behavioural and Mental Health Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with learning disabilities are significantly more at risk of developing mental health difficulties than their non-disabled peers, with prevalence rates of around 40% commonly reported. Nevertheless, high levels of mental health problems also exist among young people living in state care. However, few studies have examined the mental…

Taggart, Laurence; Cousins, Wendy; Milner, Sharon

2007-01-01

203

Indigenous Young People in the Juvenile Justice System: 2010-11. Bulletin No. 109  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people are substantially over-represented in the juvenile justice system in Australia, and this over-representation is highest in the most serious processes and outcomes--particularly in detention. This bulletin examines the numbers and characteristics of Indigenous young people in the juvenile justice…

Morgan, Kirsten; Schlumpp, Arianne

2012-01-01

204

"It's Work, Work, Work, Work": Young People's Experiences of Effort and Engagement in Dance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is the second phase of a large project examining young people's experiences in dance education. It draws on multi-modal data from over 700 young people, diverse both demographically and in terms of degree and kind of dance experience. This phase focuses on data reflecting engagement and disengagement in dance, and illuminates them from…

Bond, Karen E.; Stinson, Susan W.

2007-01-01

205

Yshareit: A Project Promoting the Use of E-Mental Health Resources among Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The yshareit project aims to increase awareness of and access to reputable e-mental health resources among young people. This is achieved by developing peer support networks, supported by e-mental health resources including the triage website, http://www.yshareit.com. Young people involved in the evaluation of the project described in this paper…

Spiranovic, Caroline; Briggs, Kate; Kirkby, Kenneth; Mobsby, Caroline; Daniels, Brett

2008-01-01

206

Acculturation and Religion in Schools: The Views of Young People from Minority Belief Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to explore the relationship between religious identity, acculturation strategies and perceptions of acculturation orientation in the school context amongst young people from minority belief backgrounds. Based on a qualitative study including interviews with 26 young people from religious minority belief backgrounds in Northern…

Niens, Ulrike; Mawhinney, Alison; Richardson, Norman; Chiba, Yuko

2013-01-01

207

Preferences towards Sex Education and Information from a Religiously Diverse Sample of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to identify the preferences towards sex education and information from a religiously diverse sample of young people. The research builds on growing evidence towards religious affiliation having a strong influence on sexual attitudes and behaviour. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 3,007 young people aged 15-18…

Coleman, Lester

2008-01-01

208

The Global Youth Media Council: Young People Speaking and Learning about Media Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 5th World Summit on Media for Children and Youth held in Karlstad, Sweden in June 2010 provided a unique media literacy experience for approximately thirty young people from diverse backgrounds through participation in the Global Youth Media Council. This article focuses on the Summit's aim to give young people a "voice" through intercultural…

Dezuanni, Michael Luigi; Miles, Prue

2011-01-01

209

Listening to Excluded Young People's Experiences of e-Safety and Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on excluded young people's experiences with and management of e-safety and risk. It has importance in exploring these concerns given that excluded young people's voices are very often absent in education and technology research and yet they are potentially more at risk when using Information and Communication…

Cranmer, Sue

2013-01-01

210

‘Connect and create’: Young people, YouTube and Graffiti communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dominant discourses around young people and social networking in the mass media are littered with negative connotations and moral panics. While some scholars challenge this negativity, their focus has predominantly been upon the formation of friendships, the construction of identity and the presentation of the self online. We argue that as well as engaging in such areas, young people are

Ben Light; Marie Griffiths; Siân Lincoln

2012-01-01

211

Individualisation and Social Exclusion: The Case of Young People Not in Education, Employment or Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics, experiences and long-term prospects of young people outside the labour market and education have attracted widespread international attention in recent decades, and the specific category of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET) has been a policy concern for the UK Government since 1997. This paper…

Thompson, Ron

2011-01-01

212

Fears of Violence among English Young People: Disintegration Theory and British Social Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people are not only the perpetrators of violence; they are also the victims of violent acts. This leads to the question of how young people handle potential risk and how they can reduce the danger of becoming victims. The article stresses the topic of juvenile experience and fear of violence. Starting with a description of the nature of…

Cockburn, Tom

2008-01-01

213

Young People's Satisfaction with Residential Care: Identifying Strengths and Weaknesses in Service Delivery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a landmark Australian study investigating the experiences and perspectives of young people in residential care. Data from a representative sample are analyzed to identify young people's satisfaction with various aspects of their residential care experience: their sense of safety, normality, support, comfort in…

Southwell, Jenni; Fraser, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

214

Young People's Engagement with Digital Literacies in Marginal Contexts in a Globalised World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Claims about the complex ways in which young people's lives are entangled with digital technologies abound, yet insufficient theoretically informed empirical research has been conducted to examine how they use them and with what impact. This special issue of Language and Education presents theoretical and empirical understandings of young people's…

Snydera, Ilana; Prinsloo, Mastin

2007-01-01

215

The Social Construction of Young People within Education Policy: Evidence from the UK's Coalition Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since assuming power in May 2010, the UK's Coalition government has devoted considerable energy to formulating its policies with respect to young people. Evidence of this can be found in "Positive for youth: a new approach to cross-government policy for young people aged 13-19", a policy text that outlines a wide range of measures to be…

Brooks, Rachel

2013-01-01

216

Us and Them: Young People's Constructions of National Identity in Cyprus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore young people's constructions of national identity in Cyprus. The article is based on focus group discussions with 20 Greek-speaking and 20 Turkish-speaking young people between 13 and 15 years of age, drawn from two schools in the divided capital city of Nicosia. The article explores both the ways in which…

Leonard, Madeleine

2012-01-01

217

Perspectives on HIV/AIDS Stigma and Discrimination: Voices of Some Young People in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines Ghanaian young people's perceptions of the determinants of HIV- and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination, and how these perceptions may influence the de-stigmatisation process. Drawing on findings from an in-depth, multi-method qualitative study involving 104 school and street young people aged between 14 and 19 years,…

Oduro, Georgina Yaa; Otsin, Mercy

2013-01-01

218

We Can Dream! Ways of Planning for the Future for Young People with Autistic Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is for young people and their families, friends and supporters to read and talk about together. It is based on the stories of four young people. Big changes happened for some of them; others are still waiting for things to change. The goal of the booklet is to give students ideas about how they may want to plan or change things when…

Davies, Jill; Burke, Christine; Mattingly, Molly

2009-01-01

219

Engineering and Science Experts Needed to Assist Young People 14 January 2014  

E-print Network

objective should be to make fossil fuels pay their costs to society. Therefore a specific recommendation for why unconventional fossil fuels should not be developed and likely will harm the future of young that one knew or should have known may harm other people. Thus young people could inform fossil fuel

Hansen, James E.

220

The Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People in the Arab Countries and Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the sexual and reproductive health situation of young people aged 10–24 in the Arab states and Iran, based on published and unpublished literature and interviews with 51 key informants working mostly in NGOs and international agencies in the region. There are few national government programmes addressing young people's sexual and reproductive health, with the exceptions of Tunisia

Jocelyn DeJong; Rana Jawad; Iman Mortagy; Bonnie Shepard

2005-01-01

221

Focus Groups with Young People: A Participatory Approach to Research Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present our experiences of conducting focus groups with young people as part of a participatory approach to research design and participant recruitment. The research is a prospective, 10-year, qualitative, longitudinal project investigating young people's daily lives, relationships, and identities, and the ways these change over…

Bagnoli, Anna; Clark, Andrew

2010-01-01

222

Taking the 21st Century Seriously: Young People, Education and Socio-Technical Futures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rhetoric about young people's "ownership" of future socio-technical change is a familiar part of much educational and political discourse. This does not, however, translate in practice into a meaningful dialogue with young people about the sorts of futures they might wish to see emerge. This paper argues that a number of social and technological…

Facer, Keri

2012-01-01

223

Young People and the Environment in Australia: Beliefs, Knowledge, Commitment and Educational Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a paucity of research in Australia on the nature of young people's attitudes, knowledge and actions. This paper reports on the findings from one such study of Australian high school students. The research was based on a survey of 5,688 students form Melbourne and Brisbane. These young people identified protection of the environment…

Connell, Sharon; Fien, John; Sykes, Helen; Yencken, David

2014-01-01

224

Young people and physical activity: a systematic review matching their views to effective interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systematic review was conducted to examine the barriers to, and facilitators of, physical activity among young people (11-16 years). The review focused on the wider determinants of health, examining community- and society-level interventions. Four trials and 16 studies of young people's views were included. Evidence for the effectiveness of the interventions was limited, with some suggestions of improvements in

Rebecca Rees; J. Kavanagh; A. Harden; J. Shepherd; G. Brunton; S. Oliver; A. Oakley

2006-01-01

225

Constructing Identities and Making Careers: Young People's Perspectives on Work and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that "transition" offers a limited and outmoded conceptual frame for understanding young people's engagement with work and learning. It draws on two studies of young people to provide insights into the study and work experiences of older and school-aged youth. Our analysis suggests that rather than focussing narrowly on…

Stokes, Helen; Wyn, Johanna

2007-01-01

226

New visions of social control? Young people's perceptions of community penalties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article engages with youth perspectives on community penalties, examining the significance of their sense of voicelessness and the indeterminacy of these interventions. The article examines young people's understandings of social inequality and racism, looking beyond issues of procedural fairness, legitimacy, and compliance to questions about young people's ability to accommodate and challenge injustices and ultimately escape the net of

Alexandra Cox

2012-01-01

227

Imagining the mathematician: young people talking about popular representations of maths  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes both a critical analysis of some popular cultural texts about mathematics and mathematicians, and explores the ways in which young people deploy the discourses produced in these texts. We argue that there are particular (and sometimes contradictory) meanings and discourses about mathematics that circulate in popular culture, that young people use these as resources in identity making

Debbie Epstein; Heather Mendick; Marie-Pierre Moreau

2010-01-01

228

Help-Seeking for Suicidal Thoughts and Self-Harm in Young People: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that only a minority of young people experiencing suicidal thoughts or self-harm present to any health services. This is of concern given that young people with suicidal thoughts or self-harm often require treatment for mental illness as well as to reduce their risk of completed suicide. We reviewed…

Michelmore, Lisa; Hindley, Peter

2012-01-01

229

4-H is a community of young people across America learning leadership,  

E-print Network

4-H is a community of young people across America learning leadership, citizenship and life skills The structure of the 4-H program places great emphasis on these traits, as young people are encouraged authority, cooperate, do your share to make your community better, stay informed, vote, protect

Goodman, Robert M.

230

Changing the Culture of Young People's Binge Drinking: From Motivations to Practical Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: This paper explores young people's own opinions about how the "drinking to get drunk" culture can be changed. More precisely, the two objectives of this study were to explore: (1) whether young people viewed binge drinking as a real "problem"; and (2) what they thought could be done to reduce binge drinking. Methods: Forty in-depth…

Coleman, Lester; Cater, Suzanne

2007-01-01

231

Dramatherapy with Children, Young People and Schools: Enabling Creativity, Sociability, Communication and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Dramatherapy with Children, Young People and Schools" is the first book to specifically evaluate the unique value of dramatherapy in the educational environment. A variety of highly experienced dramatherapists, educational psychologists and childhood experts discuss the benefits to the children and young people, and also in relation to the…

Leigh, Lauraine, Ed.; Gersch, Irvine, Ed.; Dix, Ann, Ed.; Haythorne, Deborah, Ed.

2012-01-01

232

Considerations on the Involvement of Young People as Co-Inquirers in Abuse and Neglect Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article considers challenges faced in undertaking research work that examines issues of abuse and neglect, with young people acting in the role of co-inquirer. Based on a research process devised to support a qualitative study exploring why young people think they are frequently not believed when they report abuse and neglect, consideration is…

Tucker, Stan

2013-01-01

233

From Individual Heroism to Political Resistance: Young People Challenging Everyday Racism on the Labour Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The labour market in Sweden today does not offer a rosy picture for young people. Among them are youth with a migrant background that have the lowest chance of becoming employed. The table below shows the unemployment rates of young people with a migrant background. (Contains 1 table, 1 figure and 11 notes.)

Rathzel, Nora

2006-01-01

234

Ethical and methodological issues in engaging young people living in poverty with participatory research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the methodological and ethical issues arising from a project that focused on conducting a qualitative study using participatory techniques with children and young people living in disadvantage. The main aim of the study was to explore the impact of poverty on children and young people's access to public and private services. The paper discusses the ethical implications

Daniela Sime

2008-01-01

235

New Learning Worlds: The Significance of Nature in the Lives of Marginalised Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores a hitherto neglected issue: the significance of nature in the learning lives of marginalised young people. Drawing on both post-human and sociocultural perspectives, it develops a theoretical analysis of this important subject. It uses research with 114 young people in jobs without training in rural South-west England to…

Quinn, Jocey

2013-01-01

236

Constructing Adulthood in Discussions about the Futures of Young People with Moderate-Profound Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examines how those planning futures for young people with moderate-profound intellectual disabilities invoke, deploy and interpret contrasting definitions of adulthood and perceived capacity for autonomy and self-determination. Methods: Twenty-eight young people were followed through transition from children: s to adult…

Murphy, Elizabeth; Clegg, Jennifer; Almack, Kathryn

2011-01-01

237

Power, Pedagogy and Participation: Ethics and Pragmatics in Research with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses issues of methodology and ethical reflexivity when attempting to investigate the opinions of young people. Drawing specifically on three studies of young people's understandings of citizenship and their views on topical issues, two from England and one from Lebanon, the authors present ways in which the ethical and…

Starkey, Hugh; Akar, Bassel; Jerome, Lee

2014-01-01

238

Silicosis due to Denim Sandblasting in Young People: MDCT Findings  

PubMed Central

Objective: Occupational lung disease due to silica dust is one of the most common work-related injuries. In denim sandblasting, workers are exposed to silica that may cause immediate mortality, especially in young people. The aim of this study was to assess the multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) findings of silicosis in denim sandblasters and to better define the role of MDCT in the early detection of silicosis. Materials and Methods: The study included 12 consecutive male patients who were admitted to a pulmonary outpatient clinic between April 2009 and December 2009. All patients had been working as sandblasters for at least one year. All patients underwent chest CT examinations for suspected silicosis. Two radiologists independently assessed the images for the presence and distribution of airspace consolidation, ground-glass opacity, nodules, interlobular septal thickening, parenchymal bands, fibrosis, masses, traction bronchiectasis, honeycombing, lobular low-attenuation areas, emphysema, pleural effusion or thickening, and mediastinal or hilar adenopathy. Results: MDCT detected parenchymal abnormalities in the lungs in eight (67%) of the twelve patients. The most common MDCT finding was ground glass opacity (58%). Other common findings were parencyhmal nodules and interlobular septal thickening, predominantly in the upper zones. Nodules were detected in six (50%) of the twelve patients. In four cases (67%), the nodules were numerous (>10), were predominantly smaller than 10 mm, and were centrilobular in distribution. In five (42%) of the 12 patients, interlobular septal thickening was detected. Only one (8%) patient presented with airspace consolidation; this was bilateral in the upper zones and associated with air bronchograms. In one (8%) patient there were several traction bronchiectases in the upper zones. None of the patients presented with pleural effusion, thickening, or honeycombing. Enlarged mediastinal nodes were identified in half of the patients, predominantly in the precarinal, paratracheal, and prevascular regions. No egg-shell calcification was detected. One (8%) patient presented with punctate calcification in the hilar region. Conclusions: Early detection of silicosis is important because it may cause immediate mortality, especially in young people. Enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes, centrilobular nodules, interlobular septal thickening, and patchy ground glass opacity may be early MDCT findings of silicosis. Thus, MDCT plays an important role in the early detection of silicosis in denim sandblasters.

Doganay, Selim; Gocmen, Hayrettin; Yikilmaz, Ali; Coskun, Abdulhakim

2010-01-01

239

Experiences of Being Homeless or at Risk of Being Homeless among Canadian Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study was undertaken with four groups -- immigrants, youths, Aboriginal people, and landlords -- in order to explore, compare, and contrast diversity issues among the homeless population and those at risk of homelessness in a larger Canadian city (Calgary, Alberta) with a smaller city (Lethbridge, Alberta), to better understand their…

Miller, Pamela; Donahue, Peter; Este, Dave; Hofer, Marvin

2004-01-01

240

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the ninth volume of a series designed and written for young readers ages 9 and above. It contains three issues and profiles individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

2000-01-01

241

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the eighth volume of a series designed and written for the young reader aged 9 and above. It contains three issues and covers individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

1999-01-01

242

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the third volume of a series designed and written for the young reader aged 9 and above. It contains three issues and covers individuals that young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

1994-01-01

243

Young people's perception of the space shuttle disaster: case study.  

PubMed

To explore how young people were affected by the space shuttle disaster, the responses of 79 females in 5th, 8th, and 12th grades and 18 males in 5th grade who had witnessed the event on video at school were examined. Six days after the Challenger accident, they were asked to list and rank the three things that had affected them most over the last seven days and to explain the reason behind their first choice. Only 8.9% of the females ranked the space shuttle first, and only 30.4% ranked it in the top three. Competing issues were school-related activities, grades, and family relations. Of the 5th-grade males, 88.9% mentioned the space shuttle and 38.9% saw it as their top concern. For both males and females, this choice was based on sadness and empathy. The youths did not relate the disaster to the fragility of modern technology or the threat of nuclear war. The relatively low response rate of the females who had witnessed this event was interpreted as being indicative of repression-denial. It was concluded that future research should address the extent to which post-crisis denial could be masking more significant psychological trauma in youth. PMID:1927662

Gould, B B; Gould, J B

1991-01-01

244

Macroeconomic Causes of Family Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The welfare of American families improved steadily for over 20 years after World War II. After the War on Poverty of the 1960s, the number of people living in poverty fell, reaching its lowest point in 1973. During the 1980s, homeless families, including those living in the streets, in cars, and in shelters seemingly appeared out of nowhere. As…

McChesney, Kay Young

245

What young people want from health-related online resources: a focus group study.  

PubMed

The growth of the Internet as an information source about health, particularly amongst young people, is well established. The aim of this study was to explore young people's perceptions and experiences of engaging with health-related online content, particularly through social media websites. Between February and July 2011 nine focus groups were facilitated across Scotland with young people aged between 14 and 18 years. Health-related user-generated content seems to be appreciated by young people as a useful, if not always trustworthy, source of accounts of other people's experiences. The reliability and quality of both user-generated content and official factual content about health appear to be concerns for young people, and they employ specialised strategies for negotiating both areas of the online environment. Young people's engagement with health online is a dynamic area for research. Their perceptions and experiences of health-related content seem based on their wider familiarity with the online environment and, as the online environment develops, so too do young people's strategies and conventions for accessing it. PMID:24748849

Fergie, Gillian; Hunt, Kate; Hilton, Shona

2013-08-01

246

What Research Tells Us About the Intersecting Streams of Homelessness and Foster Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews mounting evidence linking foster care and homelessness and considers new ap- proaches for intervention. Although there is no causal evidence that family homelessness leads to foster care or vice versa, the association no longer originates solely from samples of homeless people, but also from samples of people with childhood histories of foster care. Many programs work with

Cheryl Zlotnick

2010-01-01

247

Homelessness in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book about homelessness in the United States offers 16 chapters in three parts. Part 1, "History Definitions, and Causes," includes: (1) "Redefining the Cursed Word: A Historical Interpretation of American Homelessness" (Kim Hopper and Jim Baumohl); (2) "Homelessness: Definitions and Counts" (Martha R. Burt); (3) "The Causes of Homelessness"…

Baumohl, Jim, Ed.

248

The Ecology of Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes an ecological model of homelessness drawn from a broad review of the research and practice literature. The spectrum of biopsychosocial risks associated with pathways into homelessness is reviewed, followed by examination of social and individual consequences resulting from periods of homelessness. The temporal dimensions of homelessness, including “first-time,” “episodic,” and “chronic,” are defined and discussed along with

Roger M. Nooe; David A. Patterson

2010-01-01

249

How They Got It and How They Wanted It: Marginalised Young People's Perspective on Their Experiences of Sexual Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people in Australia are at greatest risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections, and priority actions are necessary for this population group. This study of marginalised and at-risk young people in out-of-school environments was conducted in Western Australia with the aim of obtaining young people's perceptions about their experience…

Brown, Graham; Sorenson, Anne; Hildebrand, Janina

2012-01-01

250

Assessing the Mental Health Needs of Young People Living in State Care Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people living in the state care system are often reported to experience poorer levels of mental health and wellbeing. Government policy encourages a holistic approach to the assessment of all aspects of health and wellbeing of these young people. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a mental health screener for young people

McCrystal, Patrick; McAloney, Kareena

2010-01-01

251

What Can Be Learned from the Roller Coaster Journeys of Young People Making Ultimately Successful Transitions beyond School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project investigated the interrelationships between family expectations and young people's post-school plans. All of the participants were from financially disadvantaged families. The research used interviews to understand these young people's perspectives of their transition experiences: the ways in which young people's school experiences…

Bryce, Jennifer; Anderson, Michelle

2008-01-01

252

Can we explain increases in young people’s psychological distress over time?  

PubMed Central

This paper aims to explain previously described increases in self-reported psychological distress between 1987 and 2006 among samples identical in respect of age (15 years), school year and geographical location (West of Scotland). Such increases might be explained by changes in exposure (changes in levels of risk or protective factors) and/or by changes in vulnerability (changes in the relationship between risk/protective factors and psychological distress). Key areas of social change over this time period allow identification of potential explanatory factors, categorised as economic, family, educational, values and lifestyle and represented by variables common to each study. Psychological distress was measured via the 12-item General Health Questionnaire, Likert scored. Analyses were conducted on those with complete data on all variables (N = 3276 of 3929), and separately for males and females. Between 1987 and 2006, levels of almost every potential explanatory factor changed in line with general societal trends. Associations between explanatory factors and GHQ tended to be stronger among females, and at the later date. The strongest associations were with worries, arguments with parents, and, at the later date, school disengagement. The factors which best accounted for the increase in mean GHQ between 1987 and 2006 were arguments with parents, school disengagement, worry about school and, for females, worry about family relationships, reflecting both increasing exposure and vulnerability to these risk factors. A number of limitations to our analysis can be identified. However, our results reinforce the conclusions of others in highlighting the role of family and educational factors as plausible explanations for increases in young people’s psychological distress. PMID:20870334

Sweeting, Helen; West, Patrick; Young, Robert; Der, Geoff

2010-01-01

253

Perceived barriers and facilitators to mental health help-seeking in young people: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescents and young adults frequently experience mental disorders, yet tend not to seek help. This systematic review aims to summarise reported barriers and facilitators of help-seeking in young people using both qualitative research from surveys, focus groups, and interviews and quantitative data from published surveys. It extends previous reviews through its systematic research methodology and by the inclusion of published studies describing what young people themselves perceive are the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for common mental health problems. Methods Twenty two published studies of perceived barriers or facilitators in adolescents or young adults were identified through searches of PubMed, PsycInfo, and the Cochrane database. A thematic analysis was undertaken on the results reported in the qualitative literature and quantitative literature. Results Fifteen qualitative and seven quantitative studies were identified. Young people perceived stigma and embarrassment, problems recognising symptoms (poor mental health literacy), and a preference for self-reliance as the most important barriers to help-seeking. Facilitators were comparatively under-researched. However, there was evidence that young people perceived positive past experiences, and social support and encouragement from others as aids to the help-seeking process. Conclusions Strategies for improving help-seeking by adolescents and young adults should focus on improving mental health literacy, reducing stigma, and taking into account the desire of young people for self-reliance. PMID:21192795

2010-01-01

254

Changing cultures: enhancing mental health and wellbeing of refugee young people through education and training.  

PubMed

Many refugee people and others entering Australia under the Humanitarian Program, have experienced extremely stressful and disrupted lives prior to arrival. A major difficulty experienced by a significant number of refugee young people is their lack of formal education before arrival. It directly affects their ability to start connecting to their new society and constructing a new life. The level of ease with which young people can move into the education and training system and begin to establish a meaningful career pathway has a huge impact on their successful settlement and stable mental health. This paper describes the Changing Cultures Project, a three-year project, which explored models of appropriate and accessible education and training for refugee and newly arrived young people that would enhance their mental health. The Changing Cultures Project was a partnership between the education, health and settlement sectors. This paper describes the program and system response to the health, settlement, education and vocational issues facing refugee young people using a mental health promotion framework and reflective practice. We discuss how the refugee youth programs met a broad range of needs as well as providing language, literacy and basic education to newly arrived young people. While working in an environment of changing policy and public opinion regarding refugee issues, the Project delivered successful outcomes at the program and organisational levels for refugee young people by addressing issues of program development and delivery, organisational development and capacity building and community development and evaluation. PMID:18154223

Bond, Lyndal; Giddens, Anne; Cosentino, Anne; Cook, Margaret; Hoban, Paul; Haynes, Ann; Scaffidi, Louise; Dimovski, Mary; Cini, Eileen; Glover, Sara

2007-01-01

255

Innovative Space Sciences Education Programs for Young People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future of the world is greatly depends on space. Through space sciences education programs with the main focus is on young people, the society, as a whole will gain in the years to come. The Weizmann Institute of Science is the leading scientific research center in Israel. After the need for science education programs for young students was recognized, the institute established its Youth Activities Section, which serves as the institute's outreach for the general population of school children nation-wide. The youth activities section holds courses, seminars, science camps etc. for almost 40 years. As an instructor in the youth activities section since 1990, my focus is space sciences programs, such as rocketry courses, planetarium demonstrations, astronomical observations and special events - all in the creed of bringing the space science to everyone, in a enjoyable, innovative and creative way. Two of the courses conducted combines' scientific knowledge, hands-on experience and a glimpse into the work of space programs: the rocketry courses offered a unique chance of design, build and fly actual rockets, to height of about 800 meters. The students conduct research on the rockets, such as aerial photography, environmental measurements and aerodynamic research - using student built wind tunnel. The space engineering course extend the high frontier of the students into space: the objective of a two year course is to design, build an launch an experiments package to space, using one of NASA's GAS programs. These courses, combined with special guest lectures by Weizmann institute's senior researchers, tours to facilities like satellite control center, clean rooms, the aeronautical industry, give the students a chance to meet with "the real world" of space sciences applications and industry, and this - in turn - will have payback effect on the society as a whole in years to come. The activities of space sciences education include two portable planetariums, 4 telescopes and special "mobile science" project, which travel to hundreds of school annually, and bring to them mini exhibitions, scientific activities and lectures. Special events are held when something unique happened: in the last years we have had the Galileo special event when the spacecraft arrived at Jupiter; SL-9 event; Mars Pathfinder special event; Mir re- entry event - to name a few. For 11 years, on July 20 we have the Apollo memorial lecture, and a meteors observation night on August 11. The 12 years of experience I have in teaching space sciences subjects to k-12 students, university students and adults, combines with three years as a director of interactive science museum, allowed me to implement my vision of promoting the general knowledge about space and to move a little more in the direction of creating a space oriented, open and globally interacted society in Israel.

Inbar, T.

2002-01-01

256

Young People with Cancer: A Handbook for Parents. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book informs parents and families of children and young adults with cancer about the most common types of cancer in the young, treatments and their side effects, and common issues that arise with a cancer diagnosis. Aspects of the disease, including characteristics of leukemia and solid tumors, are described. Treatment issues discussed…

National Cancer Inst. (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

257

Children and young people's preference of thematic design and colour for their hospital environment.  

PubMed

In this innovative project, the views of children and young people were explored regarding their preference of thematic design and colour for their hospital environment in a new children's unit. The novelty of the approach was that it was driven by the preferred choices of children and young people through the use of 'child-friendly' interviews and questionnaires. Informing the study was the development of a group of children and young people who underwent research training, and with support, developed all data collection tools and helped to verify data analysis. A two-phased sequential study was undertaken. During phase 1, 40 interviews were performed with children and young people, including 10 with additional learning needs and physical disabilities while 140 questionnaires were analysed for phase 2 of the study. Notable issues emerged about preferred thematic designs of walls, doors and floors, while new findings were revealed regarding colour preferences for wards, entrances and outpatient areas. PMID:18287183

Coad, Jane; Coad, Nigel

2008-03-01

258

Eating Attitudes and Behaviours in Young People With or Without a Diabetic Sibling   

E-print Network

Objectives: Body image concerns and problematic eating attitudes and behaviours are recognised as an important concern for young people and clinicians. Identification of groups that might be at risk of developing such ...

Smith, Rachel K

2007-01-01

259

Young People and Popular Music in East Germany: Focus on a Scene.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Points out a great preference for Western-style rock music among young people (ages 14-25) in East Germany despite social, political, and cultural differences, suggesting the global nature of music as communication. (PD)

Wicke, Peter

1985-01-01

260

The Gift of the Gab?: A Design Oriented Sociology of Young People's Use of Mobiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper reports on an ethnographicallyinformed,observation of the use of mobile phones and text messaging,services amongst,young people. It offers a sociological explanation for the popularity of text messaging,and for the sharing of mobile phones between,co-proximate persons. Specifically, it reveals that young people use mobile phone content and the phones themselves to participate in the practices of gift exchange. By

Alex S. Taylor; Richard H. R. Harper

2003-01-01

261

Qualitative study of young people's and parents' beliefs about childhood asthma.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Asthma continues to be a common childhood chronic illness managed principally in primary care. Self-management requires co-ordinated efforts of young people, carers and health professionals. Non-compliance occurs even when parents are supervising care, suggesting that decisions are made on the basis of beliefs that contrast with professional advice. Health professionals therefore need to understand the views of parents (or other carers) and patients to promote good self-management. Little attention has been given to carers' and young people's perspectives on asthma. AIM: To gain insights into the beliefs of a group of 25 young people aged nine to 16 years old and their carers about asthma and its management. DESIGN OF STUDY: Qualitative study using conversational-style interviews. SETTING: Generally deprived urban areas of Greater Manchester. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with 25 young people with asthma and separately with their carers. The interviews were analysed using the principles and procedures of grounded theory. RESULTS: Carers reported assessing asthma symptoms through observed effects on the child and other family members, including emotions and behaviours that disrupted family life. Young people emphasised the effect of asthma on their everyday lives and in particular the extent to which they appeared different to their peers. Some young people reported continuing symptoms and restrictions of activity that differed widely from the reports of their carers. CONCLUSION: Differences between young people's and carers' criteria for assessment suggest explanations for some 'non-compliant' behaviour. Carers' assessment of asthma severity through the absence of acute attacks is consistent with managing asthma as intermittent acute episodes. Professionals should take account of differences between young people's, carers' and professionals' perceptions of asthma. PMID:14694693

Callery, Peter; Milnes, Linda; Verduyn, Chrissie; Couriel, Jonathan

2003-01-01

262

Predictors of substance abuse treatment participation among homeless adults.  

PubMed

The current study focuses on the relationships among a trauma history, a substance use history, chronic homelessness, and the mediating role of recent emotional distress in predicting drug treatment participation among adult homeless people. We explored the predictors of participation in substance abuse treatment because enrolling and retaining clients in substance abuse treatment programs is always a challenge particularly among homeless people. Participants were 853 homeless adults from Los Angeles, California. Using structural equation models, findings indicated that trauma history, substance use history and chronicity of homelessness were associated, and were significant predictors of greater recent emotional distress. The most notable result was that recent emotional distress predicted less participation in current substance abuse treatment (both formal and self-help) whereas a substance use history alone predicted significantly more participation in treatment. Implications concerning treatment engagement and difficulties in obtaining appropriate dual-diagnosis services for homeless mentally distressed individuals are discussed. PMID:24238716

Ibabe, Izaskun; Stein, Judith A; Nyamathi, Adeline; Bentler, Peter M

2014-03-01

263

Oral health needs of the homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimThe aim was to assess the oral health needs of a homeless population residing in North and West Belfast Health and Social Services Trust area, in order to determine levels of unmet need and allow recommendations for service delivery to be made.MethodA sample of single homeless people was gathered using a snowballing sampling technique. Fourteen hostels located in North and

S. Williams

2007-01-01

264

Providing online support for young people with mental health difficulties: challenges and opportunities explored.  

PubMed

Despite its growing popularity there is a paucity of information exploring the potential of the Internet to build a trusted community that helps reduce stigma, facilitates help-seeking and aids in the prevention or helps in the management of mental health difficulties for young people. Unsupervised online forums or chat rooms hold potential dangers for young people including the possibility of attracting adults who may take advantage of vulnerable adolescents. Contagion with members organizing suicide pacts, or describing suicidal or self-harming intentions and methods and young people ruminating about feeling depressed are also potential risks. This paper describes the development and conceptual underpinnings of the Reach Out! Online Community Forum, a moderated bulletin board, developed in consultation with, and facilitated by young people aged 16-25. The Forum, although facilitated by young people, is supported and monitored by trained moderators. Anecdotal evidence collected via unsolicited feedback from young people using the Forum suggests that it is a positive, unique and helpful online experience although little is known about the impact on stigma reduction and help seeking in the offline world. Given the proliferation of unsupervised forums and chat rooms there is a need for further research to determine the effectiveness or potential dangers of online forums in mental health prevention and early intervention work. PMID:21352141

Webb, Marianne; Burns, Jane; Collin, Philippa

2008-05-01

265

Disconnected Young People in New York City: Crisis and Opportunity. P/PV Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, the first in a series relating to disconnected young adults commissioned by JobsFirst NYC, examines what is known about New York City's disconnected youth--16 to 24 year-olds who are not working and not in school. The report explores the roots of disconnection and identifies five priority populations of young people who are at high…

Wyckoff, Laura; Cooney, Siobhan M.; Djakovic, Danijela Korom; McClanahan, Wendy S.

2008-01-01

266

New Developments in the Education and Professional Activity of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The younger generation of Russians is entering adult life at a time in which the information society is being formed, where education, knowledge, and the possession of information are coming to be key resources to ensure success. As previous studies have shown, most young people place a high value on getting a good education. Young Russians also…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2010-01-01

267

Engaging Young People as a Community Development Strategy in the Wisconsin Northwoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter focuses on two remote rural communities that engaged young people in meaningful community development efforts to build social capital. One community connected youth to the assets of the community and created opportunities for young adults to strengthen social networks. The other created partnerships and networks to build…

Andresen, William; Dallapiazza, Margaret; Calvert, Matthew

2013-01-01

268

Children and Young People Presenting Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties: Policy, Planning and Strategic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This keynote speech addressed the growing concern among educators, parents, and the community about the instances of extreme aberrant behavior by school children and young adults. Understanding and responding to children or young people who present disturbing behavior is difficult since no two individuals act in the same way, nor are the reasons…

Douglas-Hamilton, James

269

Cyberbullying: Experiences, Impacts and Coping Strategies as Described by Australian Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyberbullying impacts on the wellbeing, schooling, family and peer relationships of many young people. The current study of 548 young Australians revealed that cyberbullying is a group phenomenon most prevalent during the transitional ages between primary and secondary school. It takes on many forms and shows an overlap in roles between "bully"…

Price, Megan; Dalgleish, John

2010-01-01

270

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprising the sixth volume of a series, this document contains short biographies written for the young reader aged 9 and older. The series covers individuals who are of particular interest to young people: entertainers, athletes, authors, cartoonists, and political leaders. Each issue contains 10 to 12 entries that include photographs and…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

1997-01-01

271

Self Harm and Suicide Risk for Same-Sex Attracted Young People: A Family Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of the risks of self-harm and suicide and in particular the importance of family in mental health outcomes for same-sex attracted young people. Mental health workers can assist families gain confidence in dealing with the news that a young person is same-sex attracted. Implications for practitioners and a model for affirmative…

Brown, Rhonda

2002-01-01

272

Ambiguities around Sexuality: An Approach to Understanding Harassment and Bullying of Young People in British Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a small study undertaken in 2001, which examined the experiences of and responses to sexual harassment and bullying adopted by different professionals (teachers, education social workers, youth workers and a school nurse) and by young people (12 to 25-year-olds). It draws together some of the literature relating to young

Trotter, Joy

2009-01-01

273

Having Confidence in Therapeutic Work with Young People: Constraints and Challenges to Confidentiality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Confidentiality presents particular challenges to practitioners working with young people, on account of the latter's vulnerability and emotional immaturity. Ethical codes place a key importance on confidentiality, from deontological and teleological perspectives. However, young clients may rely on a more pragmatic approach in deciding whether to…

Jenkins, Peter

2010-01-01

274

Understanding the Online Information-Seeking Behaviours of Young People: The Role of Networks of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information seeking is one of the most popular online activities for young people and can provide an additional information channel, which may enhance learning. In this study, we propose and test a model that adds to the existing literature by examining the ways in which parents, schools, and friends (what we call networks of support) effect young

Eynon, R.; Malmberg, L.-E.

2012-01-01

275

Characteristics of Telephone Applicants to a Residential Rehabilitation Program for Homeless Veterans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gathered descriptive data on 163 telephone applicants to residential rehabilitation program for homeless veterans and compared data with general veteran and homeless populations. Found subjects to be young, educated group of homeless men with histories of relatively high, stable functioning and high rates of medical, substance abuse, psychiatric,…

Seidner, Andrea L.; And Others

1990-01-01

276

Homeless Youth: The Saga of "Pushouts" and "Throwaways" in America. Report of the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the Senate Subcommittee on the Constitution examines the phenomenon of homeless youth, including the population, their families, survival tactics, the availability of services, and future outlooks. A section reviewing the legal constraints imposed on young people which affect their ability to live on their own is followed by a…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

277

Preventing Smoking in Young People: A Systematic Review of the Impact of Access Interventions  

PubMed Central

Aims: To examine existing evidence on the effectiveness of interventions that are designed to prevent the illegal sale of tobacco to young people. The review considers specific sub-questions related to the factors that might influence effectiveness, any differential effects for different sub-populations of youth, and barriers and facilitators to implementation. Methods: A review of studies on the impact of interventions on young people under the age of 18 was conducted. It included interventions that were designed to prevent the illegal sale of tobacco to children and young people. The review was conducted in July 2007, and included 20 papers on access restriction studies. The quality of the papers was assessed and the relevant data was extracted. Results: The evidence obtained from the review indicates that access restriction interventions may produce significant reductions in the rate of illegal tobacco sales to youth. However, lack of enforcement and the ability of youth to acquire cigarettes from social sources may undermine the effectiveness of these interventions. Conclusions: When access interventions are applied in a comprehensive manner, they can affect young people’s access to tobacco. However, further research is required to examine the effects of access restriction interventions on young people’s smoking behaviour. PMID:19440530

Richardson, Lindsay; Hemsing, Natalie; Greaves, Lorraine; Assanand, Sunaina; Allen, Patrice; McCullough, Lucy; Bauld, Linda; Humphries, Karin; Amos, Amanda

2009-01-01

278

The Process of Perceiving Stigmatization: Perspectives from Taiwanese Young People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a dearth of studies about the causes of stigmatization in people with intellectual disability. This study is aimed at gaining an understanding of how feelings of stigmatization are formed and perceived among young people with intellectual disability in Taiwanese cultural and social contexts. Materials and Methods: Fourteen…

Chen, Chih-Hsuan; Shu, Bih-Ching

2012-01-01

279

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1992-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents biographical profiles of people of interest to young readers. The concept is unique in that the subjects profiled are not necessarily people of great or lasting stature. Many are noted writers or public figures who have made important contributions to the current world, but a goodly number of entries are biographies of…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

1992-01-01

280

Metamorphoses of the Religious and Moral Determination of the Consciousness of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spite of the renaissance of the religious worldview, practical experience provides evidence that the level of morality and spiritual life in society is not rising. Quite the contrary, in fact: people are witnessing the extensive spread of various forms of deviant behavior, especially among young people. In the sociology of religion a great deal…

Khrienko, Andrei Pavlovich

2009-01-01

281

Predicting Overt and Covert Antisocial Behaviors: Parents, Peers, and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parental deviance, parental monitoring, and deviant peers were examined as predictors of overt and covert antisocial behaviors. Homeless (N=231) and housed (N=143) adolescents were assessed in adolescence and again in early adulthood. Homelessness predicted both types of antisocial behaviors, and effects persisted in young adulthood. Parental…

Tompsett, Carolyn J.; Toro, Paul A.

2010-01-01

282

Material deprivation affects high sexual risk behavior among young people in urban slums, South Africa.  

PubMed

Young people in urban slums adopt HIV risk behaviors influenced by their neighborhood factors. Three critical factors in urban slums of Southern and Eastern Africa--the region most affected by the HIV epidemic in the world--are unmet needs of housing, food, and health care, which are associated with HIV sexual risks. Yet, there has been limited attention on how the combination of unmet needs of housing, food, and health care--i.e., material deprivation-relates to sexual risk behavior among young people in urban slums. Cross-sectional data were extracted from the LoveLife survey in South African four provinces--KwaZulu Natal, Mpumalanga, Eastern Cape, and Gauteng, to examine the association between material deprivation and sexual risk behavior among young people aged 18-23 years (263 males, 267 females) in urban slums. Adjusted logistic regression models showed that material deprivation was significantly associated with increased odds of high sexual risk taking for young men (adjusted OR = 1.20; 95 % CI = 1.10, 5.58) and young women (adjusted OR = 1.43; 95 % CI = 1.35, 3.28). Financial difficulty--a proxy for other deprivations--was the most salient influence on young women's high sexual risk taking (adjusted OR = 2.11; 95 % CI = 1.66, 2.70). Localized behavioral HIV prevention interventions should target young people in deprived households. PMID:24481587

Kamndaya, Mphatso; Thomas, Liz; Vearey, Jo; Sartorius, Benn; Kazembe, Lawrence

2014-06-01

283

Young people¿s perceptions of youth-oriented health services in urban Soweto, South Africa: a qualitative investigation.  

PubMed

BackgroundIn 2006, the South African Department of Health adopted and scaled-up loveLife¿s Youth Friendly Services (YFS) initiative to a national policy to improve youth utilization of health programmes by strengthening community sensitisation and counselling services. As these services roll-out, alternative services to target young people are also becoming more popular. Success of any of these services, however, is dependent upon young people¿s perceptions of these health services as a whole.This paper aims to examine the knowledge and perceptions of current health services oriented towards young people and examine potential alternative approaches to health service delivery.MethodsThe study was conducted in urban Soweto, South Africa. Twenty-five in-depth interviews were conducted between May-July 2012. Twenty-three of these were analysed according to modified grounded theory.ResultsKnowledge of YFS was very low with no thorough knowledge of the programme¿s purpose or activities. In general, young people were dissatisfied with the current health services in Soweto citing a lack of resources, long waiting times, and poor quality of care heightened by an underlying lack of choice and perceived inequity. When compared to alternative models of service delivery, no particular model was preferred over another.ConclusionsGreater knowledge of whether and to what extent local clinics in Soweto are implementing YFS standards is needed. If implemented, improved outreach and advertisement is suggested. In-service training of nurses should be prioritized with a focus on sensitivity and equitable treatment to all. PMID:25475232

Schriver, Brittany; Meagley, Kathryn; Norris, Shane; Geary, Rebecca; Stein, Aryeh D

2014-12-01

284

WeCan2: Exploring the Implications of Young People with Learning Disabilities Engaging in Their Own Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of children and young people as researchers has started to gather momentum in response to changing perspectives on their status in society, recognition of their role as consumers and increased attention to children and young people's rights. There are early signs of a growing body of research studies undertaken by children and young

Kellett, Mary

2010-01-01

285

Determining the Need for Vocational Counselling among Different Groups of Young People under 28 in Spain. National Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the need for vocational counseling among two target groups of young people under the age of 28 years in Spain: young women whose chief activity is domestic work in their own homes in Madrid and young people of both sexes affected by industrial reconversion who were living on the left bank of the Bilbao Estuary. Their vocational…

de Castro, Ignacio Fernandez; de Elejabeitia, Carmen

286

Cannabis use and mental health in young people: cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine whether cannabis use in adolescence predisposes to higher rates of depression and anxiety in young adulthood. Design Seven wave cohort study over six years. Setting 44 schools in the Australian state of Victoria. Participants A statewide secondary school sample of 1601 students aged 14›15 followed for seven years. Main outcome measure Interview measure of depression and anxiety

George C Patton; Carolyn Coffey; John B Carlin; Louisa Degenhardt; Michael Lynskey; Wayne Hall

2002-01-01

287

Young Children Selectively Avoid Helping People with Harmful Intentions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies investigated whether young children are selectively prosocial toward others, based on the others' moral behaviors. In Study 1 (N = 54), 3-year-olds watched 1 adult (the actor) harming or helping another adult. Children subsequently helped the harmful actor less often than a third (previously neutral) adult, but helped the helpful and…

Vaish, Amrisha; Carpenter, Malinda; Tomasello, Michael

2010-01-01

288

EXCLUDED FROM WHAT? Voices of Italian young people NEET  

E-print Network

;2 The aim of this presentation is to understand some aspects of the concept of "SOCIAL EXCLUSION to the NEET category; - Concept of "social exclusion"; - Examples of young men NEET (from the Italian context They are not looking for work They are not available for work 2) INACTIVE - "GRAY ZONE" They are not looking for work

Sussex, University of

289

December Uprising 2008: Universality and Particularity in Young People's Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this text I explore youth's discourse during the protests and riots that took place in Greece in December 2008. These riots occurred after the assassination of a 15-year-old student by a police officer in the centre of Athens. The uproar caused by the event had a major impact not only everywhere in Greece but also all over the world. Young

Pechtelidis, Yannis

2011-01-01

290

Do People Whose Names Begin with "D" Really Die Young?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been reported that professional baseball players whose first names begin with the letter "D" tend to die relatively young (E. L. Abel & M. L. Kruger, 2010). However, the statistical evidence for this claim is based on selective data and a statistical test that ignores important confounding influences. A valid test applied to more…

Smith, Gary

2012-01-01

291

Young People with Cancer: A Handbook for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book presents information for parents of children and young adults with cancer. The first section outlines aspects of the disease itself and considers characteristics of leukemia and solid tumors. Hospitalization and such treatments as chemotherapy and radiation are considered. Common health issues (including diet, dental care, bleeding, and…

National Cancer Inst. (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

292

No Room for the Inn. A Report on Local Opposition to Housing and Social Services Facilities for Homeless People in 36 United States Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In December 1994 the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty published an analysis of antihomeless laws and policies in 42 American cities. This report draws on those findings to focus on attempts to shut down or exclude service providers. Searches of the media, telephone interviews with service providers and public interest groups and…

National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty, Washington, DC.

293

Substance Abuse and Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To investigate whether substance abuse is a direct factor in the explanation of homelessness or one that operates indirectly through disaffiliation and human capital processes to place individuals at greater risk of the condition.METHODS: Analyses were conducted using data on substance abuse and homeless experiences from a random probability sample of 481 homeless persons and those at risk of

Jonathan B Vangeest; Timothy P Johnson

2002-01-01

294

Intervention for cannabis use in young people at ultra high risk for psychosis and in early psychosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The aims of this service evaluation were to determine if an early intervention for cannabis use is feasible and effective in reducing cannabis use and improving functional outcomes among young people at ultra high risk (UHR) for psychosis or with early psychosis.Method: This was a naturalistic evaluation that included 58 people attending a clinical service for young people at

Sandra Bucci; Amanda Baker; Sean A. Halpin; Leanne Hides; Terry J. Lewin; Vaughan J. Carr; Mike Startup

2010-01-01

295

Changes in attachment representations for young people in long-term therapeutic foster care.  

PubMed

This article reports on a 1-year follow-up study exploring changes in attachment security of children placed in long-term therapeutic foster care over three data collection time points. A group of eight children (age 14 to 17) were assessed over a period of 1 year using a modified version of the Separation Anxiety Test (SAT). Interviews were also conducted to explore the young people's and the carers' experiences of the placements and their personal perspectives of changes. The findings indicated some positive changes in the young people's attachment security over time, for example, a reduction in extreme reactions and a trust that adults could understand their feelings (PAE - parental accurate empathy). However, despite this PAE, the young people did not expect adults to enact this by offering them support, and this lack of expectation persisted over the 1-year period. Specific differences in relation to placement success were suggested in that young people for whom their placements broke down indicated more initial fearful and aggressive representations of adults. Overall, young people emphasised positive aspects of their placements as including being treated as adults, listened to and made to feel safe. PMID:25062686

Dallos, Rudi; Morgan-West, Kate; Denman, Katie

2014-07-25

296

Sickle cell, habitual dys-positions and fragile dispositions: young people with sickle cell at school  

PubMed Central

The experiences of young people living with a sickle cell disorder in schools in England are reported through a thematic analysis of forty interviews, using Bourdieu’s notions of field, capital and habitus. Young people with sickle cell are found to be habitually dys-positioned between the demands of the clinic for health maintenance through self-care and the field of the school, with its emphases on routines, consistent attendance and contextual demands for active and passive pupil behaviour. The tactics or dispositions that young people living with sickle cell can then employ, during strategy and struggle at school, are therefore fragile: they work only contingently, transiently or have the unintended consequences of displacing other valued social relations. The dispositions of the young people with sickle cell are framed by other social struggles: innovations in school procedures merely address aspects of sickle cell in isolation and are not consolidated into comprehensive policies; mothers inform, liaise, negotiate and advocate in support of a child with sickle cell but with limited success. Reactions of teachers and peers to sickle cell have the enduring potential to drain the somatic, cultural and social capital of young people living with sickle cell. PMID:21375541

Dyson, Simon M; Atkin, Karl; Culley, Lorraine A; Dyson, Sue E; Evans, Hala

2011-01-01

297

Homelessness and the Fiscal Year 1993 Federal Budget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the Bush Administration's budget request for homelessness programs, and argues that it promised little to alleviate the suffering of homeless people. The paper asserts that the proposal is the weakest in years, with overall spending down by 7 percent when adjusted for inflation. Programs hardest hit are new funding to increase…

National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.

298

Homelessness in America: What Should We Do? Public Talk Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide provides a forum for discussing the different beliefs that influence public policy about homelessness as well as policy goals. The central question is addressed in two parts: (1) what society ought to do for homeless people; and (2) laying out a range of possible answers for part 1. Four possible answers are discussed: help only…

Niedergang, Mark; McCoy, Martha, Ed.

299

Homeless in America: A Children's Story. Part One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early part of 1999, the Institute for Children and Poverty surveyed almost 2,000 families with more than 4,000 children in 24 locations to assess the state of homeless children across the United States. This report tells their story. Families account for almost 40% of U.S. homeless people, and in some cities that percentage is even higher.…

Homes for the Homeless, Inc., New York, NY.

300

Do Online Mental Health Services Improve Help-Seeking for Young People? A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background Young people regularly use online services to seek help and look for information about mental health problems. Yet little is known about the effects that online services have on mental health and whether these services facilitate help-seeking in young people. Objective This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of online services in facilitating mental health help-seeking in young people. Methods Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, literature searches were conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane library. Out of 608 publications identified, 18 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria of investigating online mental health services and help-seeking in young people aged 14-25 years. Results Two qualitative, 12 cross-sectional, one quasi-experimental, and three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were reviewed. There was no change in help-seeking behavior found in the RCTs, while the quasi-experimental study found a slight but significant increase in help-seeking. The cross-sectional studies reported that online services facilitated seeking help from a professional source for an average of 35% of users. The majority of the studies included small sample sizes and a high proportion of young women. Help-seeking was often a secondary outcome, with only 22% (4/18) of studies using adequate measures of help-seeking. The majority of studies identified in this review were of low quality and likely to be biased. Across all studies, young people regularly used and were generally satisfied with online mental health resources. Facilitators and barriers to help-seeking were also identified. Conclusions Few studies examine the effects of online services on mental health help-seeking. Further research is needed to determine whether online mental health services effectively facilitate help-seeking for young people. PMID:24594922

Mangan, Cheryl; Sanci, Lena

2014-01-01

301

Social media, help or hindrance: what role does social media play in young people's mental health?  

PubMed

Social media is a huge force in the lives of young people with wide ranging effects on their development; given the importance of adolescence in the genesis of mental illness, social media is a factor in the mental health of young people. Despite the role that social media obviously plays in the development of mental illness, little research has been done into the impact that social media has on in the mental illness of young people. In general, what research there is points towards social media having a large impact on young people in both positive and negative ways. In particular, certain studies show a greater incidence and severity of bullying online compared to offline which may contribute to the development of depression. This contrasts with the positive impact that social media seems to have for young people in minority groups (ethnic minorities and those with chronic disease or disability) by allowing them to connect with others who live similar lives despite geographical separation. This acts as a positive influence in these people's lives though a direct link to mental illness was not shown. Overall, several important issues are raised: firstly, the lack of research that has been conducted in the area; secondly, the gulf that exists between the generation of younger, 'digital native' generations and the older generations who are not as engaged with social media; and finally, the huge potential that exists for the use of social media as a protective influence for adolescents. With proper engagement, policy makers and health professionals could use social media to connect with young people on issues like mental health. PMID:25413562

Lloyd, Alfie

2014-11-01

302

Sexual reproductive health service provision to young people in Kenya; health service providers’ experiences  

PubMed Central

Background Addressing the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) needs of young people remains a challenge for most developing countries. This study explored the perceptions and experiences of Health Service Providers (HSP) in providing SRH services to young people in Kenya. Methods Qualitative study conducted in eight health facilities; five from Nairobi and three rural district hospitals in Laikipia, Meru Central, and Kirinyaga. Nineteen in-depth interviews (IDI) and two focus group discussions (FGD) were conducted with HSPs. Interviews were tape recorded and transcribed. Data was coded and analysed using the thematic framework approach. Results The majority of HSPs were aware of the youth friendly service (YFS) concept but not of the supporting national policies and guidelines. HSP felt they lacked competency in providing SRH services to young people especially regarding counselling and interpersonal communication. HSPs were conservative with regards to providing SRH services to young people particularly contraception. HSP reported being torn between personal feelings, cultural and religious values and beliefs and their wish to respect young people’s rights to accessing and obtaining SRH services. Conclusion Supporting youth friendly policies and competency based training of HSP are two common approaches used to improve SRH services for adolescents. However, these may not be sufficient to change HSPs’ attitude to adolescents seeking help. There is need to address the cultural, religious and traditional value systems that prevent HSPs from providing good quality and comprehensive SRH services to young people. Training updates should include sessions that enable HSPs to evaluate how their personal and cultural values and beliefs influence practice. PMID:24229365

2013-01-01

303

A Taxonomy of medical comorbidity for veterans who are homeless.  

PubMed

Homeless veterans have numerous medical and behavioral health problems. Grouping homeless people based on comorbidity patterns may assist in determining severity of illness and triaging health care more effectively. We sought to determine if a finite number of profiles could be identified related to demographic characteristics, living situation, length of homelessness, and referral areas using interview data from 2,733 veterans who were presently or recently homeless. We considered 12 disorders: eye problems, hypertension, cardiovascular problems, COPD/emphysema, tuberculosis, gastrointestinal problems, hepatic disease, neurologic disorders, orthopedic problems, skin problems, and trauma. Ratings were evaluated using cluster analysis. Comparison statistics were used to compare intercluster differences in demographics, homeless situation, and referral recommendations. A four-cluster solution is proposed: generalized illness, hepatic disease, lung disease, and neurologic disorder. Medical health problems are common and heterogeneous in homeless individuals. Classifications of these problems may be useful in planning treatment and predicting outcome. PMID:18677085

Goldstein, Gerald; Luther, James F; Jacoby, Aaron M; Haas, Gretchen L; Gordon, Adam J

2008-08-01

304

Young People with Learning Difficulties in Work Introduction Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unemployed voting people with low attainments and other special needs are being enrolled in Work Introduction Courses in Colleges of Further Education. Information about how students view such courses was obtained bv means of a short questionnaire. Interviews with 32 tutors gave information about the background, experiences and needs of those who organise and teach the courses. The findings have

Maureen M. McDaid

1982-01-01

305

Ethnic Tolerance in the Consciousness of Young People in Tula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the ethnosociological literature, the term "ethnic tolerance" is interpreted as a specific trait of the national character of some particular people, its mentality, a trait that is oriented toward tolerance, harmony, and a willingness to deal constructively with any problems that arise in interethnic relations. The variegated processes of…

Samsonova, Ekaterina Anatol'evna; Iudina, Ekaterina Iur'evna

2010-01-01

306

Factors associated with suicide after parasuicide in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine factors associated with completed suicide in young parasuicide patients. DESIGN--Case-control study. SETTING--Regional poisoning treatment centre in a teaching general hospital. SUBJECTS--Patients who, between 1968 and 1985 when aged 15-24 years, were admitted to the regional poisoning treatment centre because of deliberate self poisoning or self injury. Cases (n = 62) consisted of those who by the end of

K Hawton; J Fagg; S Platt; M Hawkins

1993-01-01

307

Gender double standards in young people attending sexual health services in Northern Thailand.  

PubMed

Concern about the sexual and reproductive health of young people has been mounting recently in Thailand. Unequal gender relations have a considerable influence on the lives of young people, especially young women, yet few studies have explored the ways in which they have impacted on provision of sexual health care. Drawing upon data from a qualitative study in Northern Thailand, this paper explores the views and experiences of young people in seeking health care, highlighting the kinds of gender double standards and power imbalances that may pose obstacles to their use of sexual and reproductive health services. Findings reveal the vulnerability of sexually active young women in seeking support and care from partners, parents, and service providers. Those who experience adverse outcomes of sexual activity, such as unwanted pregnancy or infection, report facing indifference, victim blaming, or the threat of abandonment by their partners. Because of their fear of disclosure to their parents and communities, of their sexual activity, they opt for clandestine and unsafe abortion and seek the counsel of peers and drugstores rather than parents and providers. At the service provider level, young women report facing threatening and judgemental attitudes, indifferent counselling, and possible violation of confidentiality. This is in marked contrast to the treatment of young men, who generally meet with a more sympathetic and accepting response. PMID:16864209

Tangmunkongvorakul, Arunrat; Kane, Roslyn; Wellings, Kaye

2005-01-01

308

Homeless In America, Homeless In California  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally believed that the increased incidence of homelessness in the United States has arisen from broad societal factors, such as changes in the institutionalization of the mentally ill, increases in drug addiction and alcohol usage, and so forth. This paper presents a comprehensive test of the alternate hypothesis that variations in homelessness arise from changed circumstances in the

John M. Quigley; Steven Raphael; Eugene Smolensky

2001-01-01

309

Substance abuse and homelessness: social selection or social adaptation?  

PubMed

Although substance abuse has for many years been documented as a serious problem among homeless populations, there is as yet no clear understanding of the nature of the relationship between substance abuse and homelessness. We evaluate alternative social selection and social adaptation models of this process. Using data from a random probability sample, the substance abuse and homeless experiences of 303 homeless people and people at risk of homelessness in Cook County, Illinois, were investigated. Proportional hazards regression models were employed to assess both social selection and social adaptation models. Drug but not alcohol abuse was associated with first homeless episode. Prior homeless experiences were found to be predictive of first symptoms of both alcohol and drug abuse. Other variables, including the availability of social and economic resources, were also associated with each of these outcomes. Models of both selection and adaptation processes are necessary to account for the association between homelessness and substance abuse, indicating that a multi-directional model is more appropriate. In addition findings suggest that, in recent years, drugs may have displaced alcohol as an important precursor of homelessness for many individuals. PMID:9177065

Johnson, T P; Freels, S A; Parsons, J A; Vangeest, J B

1997-04-01

310

The report of the Surgeon General: preventing tobacco use among young people.  

PubMed Central

This year's surgeon general's report on smoking and health is the first such report to focus on young people. From extensive data that indicate that tobacco use is a pediatric epidemic, the report reached six major conclusions: (1) Nearly all first use of tobacco occurs by age 18. (2) Most adolescent smokers are addicted to nicotine. (3) Tobacco is often the first drug used by young people who subsequently use illegal drugs. (4) There are identified psychosocial risk factors for the onset of tobacco use. (5) Cigarette advertising also appears to increase young people's risk of smoking. (6) Communitywide efforts have successfully reduced adolescent use of tobacco. This commentary restates each of the six conclusions, summarizes the data that support each, and then considers the implications of the conclusions for public health action. PMID:8154552

Elders, M J; Perry, C L; Eriksen, M P; Giovino, G A

1994-01-01

311

Fundamentals of chronic pain in children and young people. Part 1.  

PubMed

Persistent and recurrent pain is a common condition in childhood. Chronic pain can have a negative effect on all aspects of quality of life, including physical, emotional, social and role functioning. A small percentage of these children and young people (5-8%) will experience significant impairments due to their pain condition. Most chronic pain requires a holistic multidisciplinary approach to treatment - pharmacological, physical and psychological strategies. Nurses are key members of the health care team in terms of helping children, young people and their families to manage the negative consequences of chronic pain. This article will review the prevalence, pathophysiology, contributing factors, consequences. Part two, to be published next month, will cover multimodal treatment of chronic pain in children and young people. PMID:25289630

A Forgeron, Paula; Stinson, Jennifer

2014-10-01

312

Metaphors We Love By: Conceptualizations of Sex among Young People in Malawi  

PubMed Central

This paper explores how young people in Malawi conceptualize sex and sexual relations through an analysis of their personal narratives about these phenomena. Eleven focus group discussions were conducted with 114 youth aged 14–19 years. Participants were asked to describe behaviors, attitudes, and motivations to reduce unplanned pregnancies and the spread of HIV/AIDS, with appropriate probes to illuminate their sexual world-views. The various metaphors that emanated from the discussions suggest that young people in this study take a utilitarian approach to sex, and conceive it as a natural and routine activity of which pleasure and passion are essential components. Future research and prevention efforts (around sexuality education in particular) would do well to incorporate adolescents’ language in programming as this can enhance understanding of the world of young people as well as the effectiveness of interventions addressing problems related to early sexual behavior. PMID:18458743

Undie, Chi-Chi; Crichton, Joanna; Zulu, Eliya

2008-01-01

313

How they got it and how they wanted it: marginalised young people's perspective on their experiences of sexual health education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people in Australia are at greatest risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections, and priority actions are necessary for this population group. This study of marginalised and at-risk young people in out-of-school environments was conducted in Western Australia with the aim of obtaining young people's perceptions about their experience of sexual health education and preferred means of gaining sexual health

Graham Brown; Anne Sorenson; Janina Hildebrand

2011-01-01

314

Leisure and recreational “girl?boy” activities—studying the unique challenges provided by transgendered young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transgendered young people—transsexuals, cross?dressers, gender benders\\/ blenders—challenge recreation and leisure professionals because their gender identity and expressions differ from society's role expectations of what it means to be male or female. These young people confront traditional “girl?boy” activities associated with gender stereotyping. An exploratory study of 22 male?to?female transgendered young people discovered they knew that they were transgendered and acted

Arnold H. Grossman; Timothy S. OConnell; Anthony R. DAugelli

2005-01-01

315

Young People’s Sexual Partnerships in KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa: Patterns, Contextual Influences, and HIV Risk  

PubMed Central

Certain sexual partnering practices, such as multiple, concurrent or age-discrepant partnerships, are known to increase HIV risk. Yet the underlying dynamics of young people’s relationships are less understood. Using household survey and qualitative data, this study examines the partnership context of HIV risk, including partner types, their characteristics, and key aspects of partnership dynamics, including partner numbers and age differences, duration, concurrency, and frequency of contact among youth aged 15–24 in rural KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa. One-third of men reported multiple and/or concurrent partnering, while one-quarter of women had partners > 5 years older. Non-participation in civic organizations or schooling was correlated with higher risk partnerships for women, but not men. On average, relationships lasted >1 year for women and men, and were frequently characterized as ‘serious’. However, qualitative findings pointed to the sequential and overlapping nature of relationships, with distance and mobility as important influences. These fluid partnership patterns are an important feature of young people’s sexual risk in the context of South Africa’s severe HIV epidemic. PMID:19248716

Harrison, Abigail; Cleland, John; Frohlich, Janet

2013-01-01

316

Draw a Young and an Older Person: Schoolchildren's Images of Older People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to explore stereotypes of older people as expressed in drawings by a sample of primary school children. Sixty children from fourth to sixth grades (30 boys and 30 girls aged 9 to 12 years) were asked to draw a young man, a young woman, an old man, and an old woman. The drawings were content analyzed. Children in our…

Villar, Feliciano; Faba, Josep

2012-01-01

317

Young people and voting behaviour: alienated youth and (or) an interested and critical citizenry?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of trust, cynicism and efficacy on young peoples' (non)voting behaviour during the 2005 British general election. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Survey data were gathered from 1,134 interviewer-administered questionnaires with young first-time voters during the three-week period following the British general election in May 2005. Validated attitudes statements were used to

Janine Dermody; Stuart Hanmer-Lloyd; Richard Scullion

2010-01-01

318

Development of Measures to Assess Personal Recovery in Young People Treated in Specialist Mental Health Services.  

PubMed

Background Recovery has become a central concept in mental health service delivery, and several recovery-focused measures exist for adults. The concept's applicability to young people's mental health experience has been neglected, and no measures yet exist. Aim The aim of this work is to develop measures of recovery for use in specialist child and adolescent mental health services. Method On the basis of 21 semi-structured interviews, three recovery measures were devised, one for completion by the young person and two for completion by the parent/carer. Two parent/carer measures were devised in order to assess both their perspective on their child's recovery and their own recovery process. The questionnaires were administered to a UK sample of 47 young people (10-18?years old) with anxiety and depression and their parents, along with a measure used to routinely assess treatment progress and outcome and a measure of self-esteem. Results All three measures had high internal consistency (alpha???0.89). Young people's recovery scores were correlated negatively with scores on a measure used to routinely assess treatment progress and outcome (r?=?-0.75) and positively with self-esteem (r?=?0.84). Parent and young persons' reports of the young person's recovery were positively correlated (r?=?0.61). Parent report of the young person's recovery and of their own recovery process were positively correlated (r?=?0.75). Conclusion The three measures have the potential to be used in mental health services to assess recovery processes in young people with mental health difficulties and correspondence with symptomatic improvement. The measures provide a novel way of capturing the parental/caregiver perspective on recovery and caregivers' own wellbeing. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24913148

John, Mary; Jeffries, Fiona W; Acuna-Rivera, Marcela; Warren, Fiona; Simonds, Laura M

2014-06-10

319

Killing the bill online? Pathways to young people's protest engagement via social media.  

PubMed

In spring 2011, thousands of Wisconsin residents protested a controversial bill spearheaded by Governor Scott Walker. Protest engagement via social media was popular, especially among young people. The current study examines the relationship between young people's informational and expressive uses of four social media-Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and Blogs-and their offline protest engagement. Survey results reveal that although college students used these social media to obtain information about the budget repair bill protests, only expressive uses related to offline protest engagement. We move research forward by examining the implications of multiple uses of political social media surrounding a compelling case study. PMID:23002983

Macafee, Timothy; De Simone, J J

2012-11-01

320

Serological evidence of typhus group Rickettsia in a homeless population: Houston, Texas  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Sera from 176 homeless people in Houston was tested for antibodies against typhus group rickettsiae (TGR). Sera from 19 homeless people were reactive to TGR antigens by ELISA and IFA. Two people had antibodies against Rickettsia prowazekii (epidemic typhus) and the remaining 17 had antibodies agains...

321

Trends in HIV prevalence among young people in generalised epidemics: implications for monitoring the HIV epidemic  

PubMed Central

Background Countries measure trends in HIV incidence to assess the impact of HIV prevention and treatment programmes. Most countries have approximated trends in HIV incidence through modelled estimates or through trends in HIV prevalence among young people (aged 15–24?years) assuming they have recently become sexually active and have thus only been recently exposed to HIV. Methods Trends in HIV incidence are described and results are compared using three proxy measures of incidence: HIV prevalence among young women attending antenatal clinics (ANCs) in 22 countries; HIV prevalence among young male and female nationally representative household survey respondents in 14 countries; and modelled estimates of adult (ages 15–49?years) HIV incidence in 26 countries. The significance of changes in prevalence among ANC attendees and young survey respondents is tested. Results Among 26 countries, 25 had evidence of some decline in HIV incidence and 15 showed statistically significant declines in either ANC data or survey data. Only in Mozambique did the direction of the trend in young ANC attendees differ from modelled adult incidence, and in Mali and Zambia trends among young men differed from trends in adult incidence. The magnitude of change differed by method. Conclusions Trends in HIV prevalence among young people show encouraging declines. Changes in fertility patterns, HIV-infected children surviving to adulthood, and participation bias could affect future proxy measures of incidence trends. PMID:23172347

Mahy, Mary; Garcia-Calleja, Jesus Maria; Marsh, Kimberly Anne

2012-01-01

322

Espresso coffee increases parasympathetic activity in young, healthy people.  

PubMed

Caffeine induces modifications of activity of the autonomic nervous system. This study analyzed the effect of a cup of espresso coffee on the heart rate variability (HRV) power spectral analysis, which is a method providing evaluation of the sympathetic and parasympathetic discharge. In young, healthy sedentary subjects (10 male, 10 female; aged 25-30 years), the HRV-power spectrum was evaluated over a period of 150 min after the administration of espresso coffee (caffeine, 75 mg) or decaffeinated coffee (caffeine, < 18 mg) in supine and seated position. Absolute values of the spectrum were summed in low (LF) and high frequencies (HF). The LF and HF spectra were used to estimate the sympathetic and parasympathetic activity, respectively. In the supine position, coffee increases HF, while decaffeinated coffee causes little modifications of HF. In the seated position, HF is not modified by coffee or decaffeinated coffee. Coffee and decaffeinated coffee do not induce any modification of LF in both positions. This experiment indicates that espresso coffee influences parasympathetic activity in the supine position. PMID:19178791

Monda, M; Viggiano, An; Vicidomini, C; Viggiano, Al; Iannaccone, T; Tafuri, D; De Luca, B

2009-02-01

323

Increased Substance Use and Risky Sexual Behavior among Migratory Homeless Youth: Exploring the Role of Social Network Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Travelers are a migratory subgroup of homeless youth who may be especially prone to engaging in risky behavior. This study compared the substance use and sexual behavior of young homeless travelers and non-travelers to evaluate the extent and possible sources of travelers' increased risk. Data came from face-to-face interviews with 419 homeless

Martino, Steven C.; Tucker, Joan S.; Ryan, Gery; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Golinelli, Daniela; Munjas, Brett

2011-01-01

324

Expecting the Unexpected: Engaging Diverse Young People in Conversations around Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of limited engagement with science for young people from Indigenous, minority and lower socio-economic groups in Australia appears to have been sidelined from the mainstream debate around falling rates of engagement with science at the secondary schooling level. The "closing the gap" mantra of education policy in Australia has seen an…

Wilson, Kimberley; Alloway, Todd

2013-01-01

325

Ten Years after Patten: Young People and Policing in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a comprehensive review of existing literature, this article documents young people's experiences of policing during the period of political transition and extensive reform of the structures of policing in Northern Ireland since the publication of the Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland (The Patten Report) in 1999. The…

Byrne, Jonny; Jarman, Neil

2011-01-01

326

The impact of behaviour problems on caregiver stress in young people with autism spectrum disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background The purpose of this study was to exam- ine the correlates of caregiver stress in a large sample of young people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Two main objectives were to: ( ? ) disentangle the effects of behaviour problems and level of func- tioning on caregiver stress; and ( ? ) measure the sta- bility of behaviour problems

Luc Lecavalier; S. Leone; J. Wiltz

2005-01-01

327

Civil Rights Continued: How History Positions Young People to Contemplate Sexuality (In)justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Same-sex marriage is part of a global civil rights struggle for LGBQ rights. How this movement is framed, advanced, and critiqued across the globe can be linked to how young people in schools are prepared to deliberate social issues in the political sphere. This article examines national history books as cultural artifacts that present what is…

Schmidt, Sandra J.

2014-01-01

328

Developing the Key Skills of Young People: An Evaluation of Initiatives in the Former Avon Area.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The key skills: communication, numeracy, interpersonal, information technology, learning, and problem-solving have been identified as underlying good performance in the labor market now and in the future. The factors most important to development of key skills and ways of facilitating young people's development of those skills were examined in a…

Kodz, J.; Dench, S.; Pollard, E.; Evans, C.

329

Skin Infections in Young People (Aged 14-18 Years): An Integrative Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Skin infections are a major cause of preventable hospitalization, with young people being particularly susceptible. Community-associated methicillin-resistant "Staphylococcus aureus" (CA-MRSA) infection typically presents as skin infection. CA-MRSA infection rates have increased rapidly in the past decade. Exploration of literature…

Lambe, Catherine I.; Hoare, Karen J.

2014-01-01

330

Contact, Anxiety, and Young People's Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions towards the Elderly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The populations of many nations are aging rapidly. This trend is happening against a background of research indicating that ageism is the most commonly experienced form of prejudice. The present research used intergroup contact theory as a framework to explore young people's attitudes and behavioral intentions towards the elderly. Regression…

Bousfield, Catherine; Hutchison, Paul

2010-01-01

331

Factors of Deviation in the Consciousness and Behavior of the Young People of Russia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intensive rise of deviant consciousness and behavior in the population (including consciousness and behavior conducive to crime) has been classified rightly as one of the most dangerous "social disorders" of Russian society. Especially salient is the epidemic of "deviancy in regard to the law" in the consciousness and behavior of young people,…

Staroverova, Irina Vladimirovna

2010-01-01

332

The Modern and the Traditional in the Values of Post-Soviet Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of students in secondary schools in Russia shows that among young people both traditional and modern sets of attitudes and beliefs may be found, but that these differences do not necessarily translate into actions. (Contains 1 table and 1 note.)

Iadova, M. A.

2013-01-01

333

Effects of New Electronic Technologies on Opinion Formation and Attitudes of Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of the mass media on the political and social attitudes of young people are considered in this review of research. The author suggests that these effects cannot be adequately assessed without considering the entire societal context. A long-term study (1964, 1970, 1974, and 1980) in West Germany has evaluated the use and assessment of…

Rebel, Karlheinz

334

Effects and Effectiveness of Life Skills Education for HIV Prevention in Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For 20 years, "life skills" education has been advocated as a key component of HIV and AIDS education for young people. But what do terms such as life skills imply, and what evidence is there that a life skills-based approach really works? This article reviews the literature on the effects and effectiveness of life skills-based education for HIV…

Yankah, Ekua; Aggleton, Peter

2008-01-01

335

Who Gives and Who Gets: Why, when, and with Whom Young People Engage in Oral Sex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surprisingly little is known about oral sex experiences among emerging adults, including the motives behind their participation in this sexual activity. The current study examined the characteristics of emerging adults' most recent oral sex experience. A total of 431 young people (M age = 21.7 years; 71.7% female) completed an on-line survey…

Vannier, Sarah A.; O'Sullivan, Lucia F.

2012-01-01

336

Power, Agency and Participatory Agendas: A Critical Exploration of Young People's Engagement in Participative Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically explores data generated within a participatory research project with young people in the care of a local authority, the (Extra)ordinary Lives project. The project involved ethnographic multi-media data generation methods used in groups and individually with eight participants (aged 10-20) over a school year and encouraged…

Holland, Sally; Renold, Emma; Ross, Nicola J.; Hillman, Alexandra

2010-01-01

337

Outpatient Care of Young People after Emergency Treatment of Deliberate Self-Harm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Little is known about the mental health care received by young people after an episode of deliberate self-harm. This study examined predictors of emergency department (ED) discharge, mental health assessments in the ED, and follow-up outpatient mental health care for Medicaid-covered youth with deliberate self-harm. Method: A…

Bridge, Jeffrey A.; Marcus, Steven C.; Olfson, Mark

2012-01-01

338

Case Series: Transformation Obsession in Young People with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a previously unreported symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The young people reported describe a fear of turning into someone or something else or taking on unwanted characteristics. We have called this transformation obsession. The bizarre nature of this obsession had led to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatments in…

Volz, Chloe; Heyman, Isobel

2007-01-01

339

Charismatic Cops, Patriarchs and a Few Good Women: Leadership, Club Culture and Young Peoples' Drinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports on key findings of a research project that examined the roles that community-based sporting clubs in the Australian state of Victoria play in shaping young people's understandings and uses of alcohol. Our research imagined clubs as community hubs that are located in complex networks that impact on the ways that clubs understand…

Kelly, Peter; Hickey, Chris; Cormack, Sue; Harrison, Lyn; Lindsay, Jo

2011-01-01

340

Understanding Suicidal Behaviour in Young People Referred to Specialist CAMHS: A Qualitative Psychoanalytic Clinical Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative psychoanalytic clinical research project using a post-Kleinian contemporary approach was undertaken by a team of seven qualified and experienced child psychotherapists working in community Tier 3 Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). A number of referred young people who deliberately harmed themselves or attempted…

Anderson, Jan; Hurst, Margaret; Marques, Ana; Millar, David; Moya, Sue; Pover, Lesley; Stewart, Sue

2012-01-01

341

Why Don't Young People Want to become Engineers? Rational Reasons for Disappointing Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quest for engineers during the past boom and predictions of future shortages have focused attention on the low enrolment figures in science and technology (S&T) subjects. Normally, it is assumed that young people shy away from "tough majors" or make irrational choices, based on an absence of information. While not denying the fundamental…

Becker, Frank Stefan

2010-01-01

342

Young People Living in Rural Australia in the 1990s. Research Report 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the challenges facing young people living in rural Australia in relation to their health and well-being and explores the relevance of personal resilience to offset these challenges. Specifically, the report synthesizes the literature on rural Australian youth and the results of focus groups undertaken in five rural…

Wyn, Johanna; Stokes, Helen; Stafford, John

343

Harmful Alcohol Use on Campus: Impact on Young People at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people at university are more likely to consume alcohol at harmful levels than their same-age peers who are not at university, and harmful alcohol use affects many aspects of campus life. This study aimed to investigate alcohol use and alcohol-related harms, both experienced and witnessed, among students at an Australian university. An…

Rickwood, Debra; George, Amanda; Parker, Rhian; Mikhailovich, Katja

2011-01-01

344

The Sense of Social Well-Being among Young People of the North Caucasus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the region's complex social and political situation, the authors advocate a need for understanding how the young people of the North Caucasus feel about themselves today, and their state of mind as they look to the immediate future. In the autumn of 2006 the Southern Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Stavropol State…

Avksent'ev, V. A.; Gritsenko, G. D.; Maslova, T. F.

2008-01-01

345

National Causes/Moral Clauses?: The National Theatre, Young People and Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For over ten years, London's National Theatre, under the banner of "Connections", has been commissioning ten professional playwrights per year, each to write a play for young people. The plays are workshopped and performed by secondary schools, colleges and youth theatres across the United Kingdom and Ireland, and are presented in a series of…

Deeney, John F.

2007-01-01

346

Dealing with Disadvantage: Resilience and the Social Capital of Young People's Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes how peer and extended networks provide young people with support and resources for dealing with disadvantage. Centering girls' accounts of growing up in the Glebe public housing estate, the difficulties they face, their critiques and aspirations are interpreted as resilience, supported by the social capital of their networks.…

Bottrell, Dorothy

2009-01-01

347

Is Sexual Orientation Related to Mental Health Problems and Suicidality in Young People?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This study examines the extent to which gay, lesbian, and bisexual young people are at increased risk of psychiatric disorder and suicidal behaviors using data gathered on a New Zealand birth cohort studied to age 21 years. Methods: Data were gathered during the course of the Christchurch Health and Development Study, a 21-year longitudinal study of a birth cohort

David M. Fergusson; L. John Horwood; Annette L. Beautrais

1999-01-01

348

New Models of Working and Learning: How Young People Are Shaping Their Futures Differently  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about the way in which young people are increasingly adopting dual identities--worker and learner--during the long transition from full-time student to full-time worker. Part-time jobs undertaken while in full-time education provide opportunities for learning about work and may lead to full-time careers in the same industry area.…

Smith, Erica

2009-01-01

349

Understanding How Young People Do Activism: Youth Strategies on Sexual Health in Ecuador and Peru  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While social movement research employs "tactical repertoire" to emphasize protest tactics directed at the state, literature on youth activism globally indicates that young people do politics outside the realm of formal political spheres. Youth activism on body politics in Latin America offers evidence that enhances conceptual tools…

Coe, Anna-Britt; Goicolea, Isabel; Hurtig, Anna-Karin; San Sebastian, Miguel

2015-01-01

350

4-H is a community of young people across America learning leadership,  

E-print Network

4-H is a community of young people across America learning leadership, citizenship and life skills Jeannette Rea-Keywood of the Rutgers 4-H Youth Development Program by phone at 856-459-1900, ext. 4522 or by email at reakeywood@njaes.rutgers.edu. 4-H MEMBERS TO PARTICIPATE IN STATE 4-H SMALL ANIMAL SHOW 4-H

Goodman, Robert M.

351

4-H is a community of young people across America learning leadership,  

E-print Network

4-H is a community of young people across America learning leadership, citizenship and life skills Jeannette Rea-Keywood of the Rutgers 4-H Youth Development Program by phone at 856-459-1900, ext. 4522 or by email at reakeywood@njaes.rutgers.edu. Burlington County 4-H Club Captures Award at National 4-H Film

Goodman, Robert M.

352

4-H is a community of young people across America learning leadership,  

E-print Network

4-H is a community of young people across America learning leadership, citizenship and life skills Jeannette Rea-Keywood, Rutgers 4-H Youth Development by phone at 856-459-1900, ext. 4522 or by email at reakeywood@njaes.rutgers.edu. 4-H'ers Growing Up: 4-H Members Are Leaders of the Past, Present and Future 4-H

Goodman, Robert M.

353

Using Digital Stories to Understand the Lives of Alaska Native Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To better understand how young Alaska Native (Inupiaq) people are creatively responding to the tensions of growing up in a world markedly different from that of their parents and grandparents, the pilot study examined youth-produced digital stories as representations of their everyday lives, values, and identities. Two hundred and seventy-one…

Wexler, Lisa; Eglinton, Kristen; Gubrium, Aline

2014-01-01

354

Changing Youth? Continuities and Ruptures in Transitions into Adulthood among Catalan Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The globalisation process has an impact at the micro-level on life-course patterns: concretely, the trajectories of young people into adulthood are being sharply modified. At a European level, the extension, de-linearisation, reversibility and diversification of youth trajectories have been identified as major changes. However, the extent to which…

Serracant, Pau

2012-01-01

355

Spirituality in Children and Young People: A Suitable Topic for Educational and Child Psychologists?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the concept of spirituality, especially with relation to school age children and young people, is discussed. Some of the possibilities and constraints present in this area are noted, especially the unease with which many researchers and practitioners view such a difficult to define topic and also its traditional association with…

Ruddock, Beverley; Cameron, R. J.

2010-01-01

356

The Effects of Work- and Family-Related Transitions on Young People's Perception of Being Adult  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a nationwide sample of 2656 eighteen- to twenty-nine-year-olds, the first part of the present study addressed the question of how non-traditional as compared to traditional living arrangements related to young people's self-perception of being either adolescent or adult. Being in a romantic relationship increased the likelihood of feeling…

Reitzle, Matthias

2007-01-01

357

Can we confidently study V . O2 kinetics in young people?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of V . O2 kinetics offers the potential to non-invasively examine the cardiorespiratory and metabolic response to dy- namic exercise and limitations to every day physical activity. Its non-invasive nature makes it hugely attractive for use with young people, both healthy and those with disease, and yet the literature, whilst growing with respect to adults, remains con- fined

Samantha G. Fawkner; Neil Armstrong

358

Young people's physical activity patterns as assessed by heart rate monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical activity is a complex behaviour and the accurate assessment of young people's physical activity patterns is extremely difficult. Ideally, a combination of different techniques should be used. For example, the simultaneous use of doubly labelled water, heart rate monitoring and structured observation would yield information on total energy expenditure, patterns of relative physiological load (intensity) on the cardiopulmonary system,

Neil Armstrong

1998-01-01

359

Science Education in a "Classroom without Walls": Connecting Young People via Place  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Edmund Rice Education Australia Flexible Learning Centres (EREAFLCs) operate within a social inclusion framework to "walk with" young people who have disengaged from the traditional schooling system. Students attending the centres face multiple stressors in their everyday lives, as well as significant barriers to achieving success in the classroom…

Wilson, Kimberley; Stemp, Kellie

2008-01-01

360

Case Series: Transformation Obsession in Young People With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a previously unreported symptom of obsessive-compulsive disorder. The young people reported describe a fear of turning into someone or something else or taking on unwanted characteristics. We have called this transformation obsession. The bizarre nature of this obsession had led to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatments in a number of these patients. Recognition of this symptom as an

ISOBEL HEYMAN

2007-01-01

361

The Preliminary Development of a New Self-Report Measure for OCD in Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study seeks to develop a reliable self-report instrument to assess obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in young people. The children's Obsessional Compulsive Inventory had good internal consistency, criterion validity and was significantly correlated with the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale. This preliminary new measure could…

Shafran, Roz; Frampton, Ian; Heyman, Isobel; Reynolds, Martina; Teachman, Bethany; Rachman, S.

2003-01-01

362

Youth & Tobacco. Preventing Tobacco Use among Young People: A Report of the Surgeon General.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on smoking and health, the twenty-third in a series that was begun in 1964, is the first in this series to focus on young people. It underscores the seriousness of tobacco use and its relationship to other adolescent problem behaviors. Examined here are the past few decades' scientific literature on the factors that influence the onset…

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DHHS/PHS), Atlanta, GA.

363

Reported School Experiences of Young People Living with Sickle Cell Disorder in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 569 young people with sickle cell disorder (SCD) in England has found such pupils miss considerable periods of time from school, typically in short periods of two or three days. One in eight has school absences equating to government-defined "persistent absence". Students with SCD report that they are not helped to catch up after these…

Dyson, Simon Martin; Abuateya, Hala; Atkin, Karl; Culley, Lorraine; Dyson, Sue Elizabeth; Rowley, Dave

2010-01-01

364

Conceptualising the Lives of NEET Young People: Structuration Theory and "Disengagement"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Official discourse in the United Kingdom and many other OECD countries emphasises education and training as a vehicle for social inclusion and economic growth. Accordingly, those who do not participate are seen to be at risk of long-term exclusion. However, interventions aimed at re-engaging young people not in education, employment or training…

Russell, Lisa; Simmons, Robin; Thompson, Ron

2011-01-01

365

Young People, Physical Activity and the Everyday. Routledge Studies in Physical Education and Youth Sport  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite society's current preoccupation with interrelated issues such as obesity, increasingly sedentary lifestyles and children's health, there has until now been little published research that directly addresses the place and meaning of physical activity in young people's lives. In this important new collection, leading international scholars…

Wright, Jan, Ed.; Macdonald, Doune, Ed.

2012-01-01

366

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, Volume 1, Issue 1, January 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first issue of a new quarterly periodical designed to provide young students (9 and above) with biographies/profiles of well-known people in a story-telling format that are more appealing and interesting than those found in more comprehensive and encyclopedic biographical dictionaries. The first issue features profiles of the following…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

1992-01-01

367

Coronary Heart Disease Risk Factors in Young People of Differing Socio-Economic Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determined the prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors in young people of differing socio-economic status (SES). A cohort of 100 boys and 108 girls, aged 12.9, SD 0.3 years drawn of differing SES were assessed for CHD risk factors. Measurements included indices of obesity, blood pressure, aerobic fitness, diet, blood…

Thomas, Non-Eleri; Cooper, Stephen-Mark; Williams, Simon P.; Baker, Julien S.; Davies, Bruce

2005-01-01

368

Anxiety, Outcome Expectancies, and Young People's Willingness to Engage in Contact with the Elderly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A cross-sectional study (N = 61) investigated the relationship between young people's previous experiences of intergenerational contact and their willingness to engage in future contact with the elderly. Regression analyses confirmed that frequent positive intergenerational contact predicted more positive outcome expectancies, less intergroup…

Hutchison, Paul; Fox, Edward; Laas, Anna Maria; Matharu, Jasmin; Urzi, Serena

2010-01-01

369

Literacy, Poverty and Schooling: What Matters in Young People's Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws upon several decades of literacy research in schools in high-poverty environments to explore what matters in young people's education. In dialogue with themes from Kevin Marjoribanks' work, such as student aspirations, family environments and teacher expectations, key insights are summarised. Referring to longitudinal…

Comber, Barbara

2014-01-01

370

Young people's perceptions of traffic injury risks, prevention and enforcement measures: A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate young people's perceptions, in Barcelona, Spain, about the evolution, magnitude, causes and determinants of traffic crashes, to describe their opinions on road safety regulations, and to explore their suggestions and proposals.Interviews were conducted with 43 key informants and 12 focus groups involving 98 participants. Discussion guides were designed to get insight

Pilar Ramos; Elia Díez; Katherine Pérez; Alicia Rodriguez-Martos; M. Teresa Brugal; Joan R. Villalbí

2008-01-01

371

Doing Research with Young People: Participatory Research and the Rituals of Collective Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an exciting juncture at which to bear witness to the growing, multidisciplinary support for youth participation and more inclusive collaborative research practices in geography and the social sciences. Participatory action research and practice offers a promising new framework for researchers who are committed to social justice and change. The multiple benefits of engaging the perspectives of young people

Caitlin Cahill

2007-01-01

372

The Prestige of a City as Perceived by the Young People of Tolyatti  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting in the mid-twentieth century, Tolyatti became a city that developed on the basis of the implementation of three projects: the hydroelectric power station, chemical plants, and the motor vehicle plant (AVTOVAZ). During that period of time, young people came to the Stavropol and Tolyatti area from various regions of the country to take part…

Tsvetkova, I. V.

2011-01-01

373

Researching street-frequenting young people in Suva: ethical considerations and their impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the reflections and experiences of conducting research with street-frequenting young people on the streets of Suva, Fiji. Much attention is devoted to ethical considerations and their impacts in relation to the issues of access, the researcher's positionality and data collection methods. These are important for two reasons, one this study is the first in-depth research with children

Patrick Vakaoti

2009-01-01

374

But It's Not All about the Sex: Mothering, Normalisation and Young Learning Disabled People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about mothering, young learning disabled people, their sexualised and relationship lives and normalisation--not through the lens of the disabled person, but via a mothers perspective and theoretical discussion. As a mother who has a learning disabled daughter, a feminist and an academic my own mothering experience, my Ph.D. research…

Rogers, Chrissie

2010-01-01

375

Self?identity and the arts education of disabled young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Overall, little is known about the ways in which disabled children and young people produce artwork or how they experience arts education. Neither is it known to what extent they are encouraged to produce work that engages with the expressive development of a sense of self that incorporates experiences of impairment and disability. This article is based on my recent

Margaret Taylor

2005-01-01

376

A Perceptual and Electropalatographic Study of /Esh/ in Young People with Down's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speech production in young people with Down's syndrome has been found to be variable and inconsistent. Errors tend to be more in the production of sounds that typically develop later, for example, fricatives and affricates, rather than stops and nasals. It has been suggested that inconsistency in production is a result of a motor speech deficit.…

Timmins, Claire; Cleland, Joanne; Wood, Sara E.; Hardcastle, William J.; Wishart, Jennifer G.

2009-01-01

377

Brief Strategic Family Therapy for Young People in Treatment for Drug Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This review evaluates the evidence on the effects of brief strategic family therapy (BSFT) on drug use reduction for young people in treatment for nonopioid drug use. Method: We followed Campbell Collaboration guidelines to prepare this review and ultimately located three studies for final analysis and interpretation. Results: The results…

Lindstrøm, Maia; Filges, Trine; Jørgensen, Anne-Marie Klint

2015-01-01

378

Making Sense of Young People, Education and Digital Technology: The Role of Sociological Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the contribution of sociological theory to the academic study of young people, education and digital technology. First it discusses the shortcomings of the technological and socially determinist views of technology and education that prevail in current academic and policy discussions. Against this background the paper outlines…

Selwyn, Neil

2012-01-01

379

Environmental Education Materials for Teachers and Young People (Grades K-12).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated list of educational materials on environmental issues includes a wide range from workbooks and lesson plans to newsletters, films and software intended for young people. Educational materials are listed alphabetically following the name of the sponsoring agency or group. A separate list includes materials available from the U.S.…

Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC.

380

Autistic Traits and Cognitive Performance in Young People with Mild Intellectual Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive performance and the relationship between theory of mind (TOM), weak central coherence and executive function were investigated in a cohort of young people with additional learning needs. Participants were categorized by social communication questionnaire score into groups of 10 individuals within the autistic spectrum disorder (ASD)…

Harris, Jonathan M.; Best, Catherine S.; Moffat, Vivien J.; Spencer, Michael D.; Philip, Ruth C. M.; Power, Michael J.; Johnstone, Eve C.

2008-01-01

381

Educating Children and Young People with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Constructing Personalised Pathways to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The range of learning difficulties associated with children and young people who have Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) has been highlighted as an emerging but little understood area of Special Educational Needs. This engaging, timely and highly practical book will raise awareness about FASD and its associated difficulties across the entire…

Blackburn, Carolyn; Carpenter, Barry; Egerton, Jo

2012-01-01

382

Young People and High School in Mexico: Subjectivisation, Others and Reflexivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on the finding that for many students, high school is a place for young people's life and living together, a place for subjectivisation. The process of subjectivisation is approached through a discussion that questions conceptions of students as strategists of their school trajectory, as well as conceptions of youth life as…

Weiss, Eduardo; Ramirez, Irene Guerra; Salinas, Elsa Guerrero; Hernandez, Joaquin Gonzalez; Martinez, Olga Grijalva; Romero, Job Avalos

2008-01-01

383

How Young People Respond to Learning Spaces outside School: A Sociocultural Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on educational enterprises outside the formal sector, such as museums, botanical gardens and interactive science centres. International research is drawn on to illuminate how design, culture, educational strategies and settings combine to affect the way in which young people respond to experiences on offer, leading to analysis…

Peacock, Alan; Pratt, Nick

2011-01-01

384

Integrating Employment and Skills Policy: Lessons from the United Kingdom's New Deal for Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon interviews with key stakeholders including policy makers and providers of the flagship welfare reform programme--the New Deal for Young People, this article contributes to analysis and debate through an exploration of skills investment policy and practice in this key UK "welfare to work" programme. It concludes that the vision of a…

Nicholls, Rachel; Morgan, W. John

2009-01-01

385

The "Dismal Science" -- Economics. Creative Challenges for Young People, Their Teachers and Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a variety of creative activities for young people to help them not only understand some of the principles of economics but, further, enjoy the study of economics. The book, while not a comprehensive or in-depth view of the science of economics, comprises a quick survey of some important aspects of understanding the system.…

Ellenberg, Norman L.

386

HIV/AIDS Stigmatizing Attitudes among Young People in Swaziland: Individual and Environmental Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major shortcoming to the understanding and development of HIV/AIDS programs to mitigate social stigma is the paucity of research pertaining to how young people in sub-Saharan African countries perceive those infected with HIV, and how these stigmatizing attitudes are formed, projected and reinforced. The purpose of this study was to examine…

Buseh, Aaron G.; Park, Chang Gi; Stevens, Patricia E.; McElmurry, Beverly J.; Kelber, Sheryl T.

2006-01-01

387

Characteristics of effective interventions in improving young people's sexual health: a review of reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to conduct a review of reviews to identify characteristics of effective sex and relationship education (SRE) interventions and\\/or programmes in young people to improve sexual health and identify barriers and facilitators for implementation. Six bibliographic databases were searched from 1986 to 2006 for systematic reviews that assessed SRE interventions or programmes in participants between

Amudha S. Poobalan; Emma Pitchforth; Mari Imamura; Janet S. Tucker; Kate Philip; Jenny Spratt; Lakshmi Mandava; Edwin van Teijlingen

2009-01-01

388

Is Anyone Listening? Young People Speak about Work and Unemployment. ACER Research Monograph No. 42.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of an Australian survey investigating the issues raised by unemployment in society, using extensive quotations from the respondents. In 1983 an open-ended questionnaire was sent to a group of about 10,000 young people (aged 18-22) in Australia to determine their opinions about unemployment and the future and to…

Blakers, Catherine

389

Building on Young People's Linguistic and Cultural Continuity: Complementary Schools in the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the educational and linguistic contributions of complementary schools (also known as supplementary and heritage language education) to their communities and the wider society. It shows the importance of these schools in providing a bilingual space where teachers and young people are able to use their linguistic resources to…

Creese, Angela

2009-01-01

390

Perspective-Taking Judgments Among Young Adults, Middle-Aged, and Elderly People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perspective-taking judgments among young adults, middle-aged, and elderly people were examined. In 1 condition, participants were instructed to judge the likelihood of acceptance of a painkiller as a function of 3 cues: severity of the condition, potential side effects, and level of trust in the health care provider. In the other condition,…

Ligneau-Herve, Catherine; Mullet, Etienne

2005-01-01

391

The Stratification of Young People in Spheres of Education, Employment, and Consumption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the author examines the factors that permit young people's inclusion in market relations in the "spheres of education, employment (in the labor market), and consumption." The data for this study are drawn from a city wide representative survey in Moscow of the Association for Socioeconomics and the Institute of Problems of…

Mkrtchian, Gamlet M.

2006-01-01

392

Approval procedures and passive consent considerations in research among young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The intention of this paper is to encourage debate among ethical researchers on this very important issue. Research necessary to underpin health education and health promotion is often controversial and often involves vulnerable populations such as young people and children. It is essential that the rights of these respondents are protected in every research project. Current research ethical

Julian de Meyrick

2005-01-01

393

Gangs: Groups of Young People and Deviant Behavior--The Psychosocial Perspective in Analysis and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work presents different lines of intervention in the local, group, family and educational contexts aimed at prevention of some deviant behaviors--such as violence, theft and certain patterns of trafficking and use of legal and illegal substances--as practiced by a minority of young people and youth sub-culture groups. These interventions are…

Scandroglio, Barbara; Lopez-Martinez, Jorge; San Jose, M. Carmen

2008-01-01

394

Social Inclusion: Is This a Way Forward for Young People, and Should We Go There?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper has two aims. It considers what social inclusion could offer young people and the youth sector in Australia, and it reflects on how social inclusion has shaped the youth policy environment in Australia. It is argued that in order to consider these issues, it is necessary to understand social inclusion's history. Using a methodology of…

Edwards, Kathy

2010-01-01

395

Participation in Science and Technology: Young People's Achievement-Related Choices in Late-Modern Societies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people's participation in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) is a matter of international concern. Studies and careers that require physical sciences and advanced mathematics are most affected by the problem and women in particular are under-represented in many STEM fields. This article views international research about…

Boe, Maria Vetleseter; Henriksen, Ellen Karoline; Lyons, Terry; Schreiner, Camilla

2011-01-01

396

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers. Scientists & Inventors Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume on "Scientists and Inventors" was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can enjoy reading and can readily understand. Each volume contains alphabetically arranged sketches of outstanding people. Each entry provides at least one picture of the individual profiled, and bold-faced rubrics lead the reader to information on…

Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

2002-01-01

397

Policy Review: But Will They Vote? The Political Attitudes of Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that young people are increasingly disaffected with political parties and voting, more concerned with single issues of environmentalism or unemployment. Identifies trends: (1) increasing sense of discontent with institutions; (2) frustrations in reaching ambitions; and (3) disconnection from core institutions. Proposes remedies including…

Wilkinson, Helen

1996-01-01

398

Citizenship in young people's daily lives: differences in citizenship competences of adolescents in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a nationwide study of the citizenship competences of adolescents in the Netherlands are presented from the perspective of democratic citizenship in this article. Citizenship competences are defined as the knowledge, skills, attitudes and reflection needed by young people in a democratic and multicultural society to adequately fulfil social tasks that are part of their daily lives. The

Femke Geijsel; Guuske Ledoux; Rene Reumerman; Geert ten Dam

2012-01-01

399

Citizenship and Political Engagement Among Young People: The Workings and Findings of the Youth Citizenship Commission  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008, the Labour government established the Youth Citizenship Commission (YCC). The (independent) Commission, staffed by individuals of varying backgrounds and serviced by the Ministry of Justice, was asked to examine how young people define citizenship and to explore how that citizenship might better be connected to political activity. Additionally, the YCC was required to lead a consultation on whether

Jonathan Tonge; A. Mycock

2010-01-01

400

Examining the Experiences of Young People Transitioning from Out-of-Home Care in Rural Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people leaving state out-of-home care are arguably one of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups in society. Many have been found to experience significant health, social and educational deficits. In recent years, most Australian States and Territories have introduced specialist leaving care and after care programs and supports, but…

Mendes, Philip

2012-01-01

401

Accessing Flexible Learning Opportunities: Children's and Young People's Use of Laptops in a Paediatric Hospital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hospitalised children and young people not only face challenges to their health but also to their continued education and social connections. These challenges can impact on future life trajectories, so it is crucial to maintain learning and socialising. Educational technologies, such as laptops and iPads, are used in the multidisciplinary…

Nisselle, Amy; Hanns, Shaun; Green, Julie; Jones, Tony

2012-01-01

402

Romantic Relationships: An Important Context for HIV/STI and Pregnancy Prevention Programmes with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Romantic relationships are central in the lives of young people. This paper uses data on romantic relationships from urban youth in the USA to illustrate how using a relationships perspective in HIV/STI and pregnancy prevention programmes broadens the skills and content covered, and contextualises the learning to enhance relevance and use.…

Coyle, Karin K.; Anderson, Pamela M.; Franks, Heather M.; Glassman, Jill; Walker, James D.; Charles, Vignetta Eugenia

2014-01-01

403

Children's and Young People's Reading Habits and Preferences: The Who, What, Why, Where and When  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, based on a recent survey of over 8,000 primary and secondary pupils in England, explores why some pupils choose to read and others do not. The research literature shows that reading for pleasure benefits children in numerous ways. Yet, research also shows that young people's reading enjoyment may be declining. Given current political…

Clark, Christina; Foster, Amelia

2005-01-01

404

Young People, Education and Unlawful Non-Citizenship: Spectral Sovereignty and Governmentality in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers Judith Butler's discussion of the intersections between governmentality and sovereign power in "Precarious life: the powers of mourning and violence." We consider this interrelationship with a view to considering how this might enable us to expand our understanding of contemporary discourses governing young people within and…

Rasmussen, Mary Lou; Harwood, Valerie

2009-01-01

405

Why don't young people want to become engineers? Rational reasons for disappointing decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quest for engineers during the past boom and predictions of future shortages have focused attention on the low enrolment figures in science and technology (S&T) subjects. Normally, it is assumed that young people shy away from ‘tough majors’ or make irrational choices, based on an absence of information. While not denying the fundamental necessity that a higher proportion of

Frank Stefan Becker

2010-01-01

406

Exploring ICT Integration as a Tool to Engage Young People at a Flexible Learning Centre  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Edmund Rice Education Australia (EREA) Flexible Learning Centres aim to provide a supportive learning environment for young people who find themselves outside of the mainstream secondary schooling system. Drawing on twenty first Century learning principles, the Centres aim to deliver a personalised learning experience with an emphasis on flexibility and individual choice. Provision of a comprehensive curriculum enables young people to make positive future life choices and successfully transition into employment and further training. The aim of this research project has been to work with teaching staff at a Flexible Learning Centre in North Queensland, Australia, to explore the value of integrating ICT in the form of Web 2.0 technologies to enhance young people's engagement with the subject of science. The findings of this case study suggest that ICT integration is effective in revitalising science education interest for disengaged young people. This may have wider implications in relation to general concerns of declining student interest and participation in science in the secondary years of schooling.

Wilson, Kimberley Luanne; Boldeman, Suzi Ursula

2012-12-01

407

Connecting with Others: The Meaning of Social Eating as an Everyday Occupation for Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the meaning of social eating as an everyday occupation for young people aged 12-16 years who live in a small town in the south of England. Existing literature has tended to emphasise the nutritional needs of this age group, with less known about the social nature of eating during adolescence. A qualitative methodology, informed by the

Sharon Absolom; Anne Roberts

2011-01-01

408

Educational Needs, Aspirations, and Expectations for Young People in Michigan. Latinos in Michigan. LM-03  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In today's changing economy and global competition, the demand for a better educated workforce has been increasing. Since the 1970's, new structures of work have emerged that require a highly skilled labor force. What do Michigan residents think about future educational needs of young people? What level of education do they expect their children…

Kayitsinga, Jean; Villarruel, Francisco A.; Tanner, Paul E., Jr.

2008-01-01

409

Different worlds? A comparison of young people's home and school ICT use  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores young people's access to and use of computers in the home and at school. Drawing on a questionnaire survey, conducted in 2001 and 2003 with over 1800 children in the South-West of England, on group interviews in school with over 190 children and with visits to 11 families, the paper discusses: (1) children's current use of computers

N. Kent; Keri Facer

2004-01-01

410

Youth Advisory Structures: Listening to Young People to Support Quality Youth Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating structures to include young people's opinions and advice has been recognized as important for high-quality youth programs and services. Recent scholarship has begun to learn that most of these efforts are often symbolic rather than substantive. While continually advocated for, the practice is not widespread or well done. Using data…

Roholt, Ross VeLure; Mueller, Megan

2013-01-01

411

Readiness for Change: Case Studies of Young People with Challenging and Risky Behaviours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Readiness for change (or treatment readiness) is a core concept of many rehabilitation programs for adult and juvenile offenders. The present study examined the experiences of six young people aged 13 to 17 years who participated in Mindfields[R], a 6-week self-regulatory intervention aimed at enhancing life skills and goal setting among youths…

Carroll, Annemaree; Ashman, Adrian; Bower, Julie; Hemingway, Francene

2013-01-01

412

Where Do We Start? a Proposed Post-Disaster Intervention Framework for Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of disasters on the mental health, well-being and social inclusion of children and young people is well established. However, there is very limited evidence about effective community-based interventions to support positive outcomes. In this paper, we review the empirical and theoretical evidence and propose a conceptual framework to…

Gibbs, Lisa; Snowdon, Elyse; Block, Karen; Gallagher, Hugh Colin; MacDougall, Colin; Ireton, Greg; Pirrone-Savona, Alana; Forbes, David; Richardson, John; Harms, Louise; Waters, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

413

Household Living Arrangements and Transition to Sexual Debut among Young People in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is abundant research on the links between family and household structure and young people's sexual risk-taking behaviours, but this scholarship although emerging in sub-Saharan Africa is largely limited to the West. Using data from the 2004 National Adolescent Survey conducted among 12-19 year olds in Ghana, and applying discrete time…

Tenkorang, Eric Y.; Adjei, Jones K.

2015-01-01

414

Young People in an Economic Downturn. Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth. Briefing Paper 23  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the collapse of the US investment bank Lehmann Brothers in September 2008, the world economy began a downward spiral, with many countries falling into recession. Australia experienced significant stock market losses and unemployment rates began to climb. This briefing paper considers how young people fared in previous downturns and…

Anlezark, Alison

2011-01-01

415

Narcotics Abuse among Young People in the Northern Territories: Characteristics and Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a persistent opinion that the spread of narcotics abuse is taking in more and more young people and having an impact on the economic, political, and cultural development of society. Data obtained by sociologists and criminologists make it possible to single out the factors, conditions, and channels of the spread of psychoactive substances…

Anisimova, S. G.

2012-01-01

416

Playing a part: the impact of youth theatre on young people's personal and social development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the main findings of a study of youth theatre commissioned by the National Association of Youth Theatres (NAYT), funded by Arts Council England (ACE) and carried out by the Centre for Applied Theatre Research (CATR). The study explored the impact of taking part in youth theatre on young people's personal and social development. Questionnaires, qualitative interviews and

Jenny Hughes; Karen Wilson

2004-01-01

417

How Young People Find Career-Entry Jobs: A Review of the Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the existing literature concerning how young people enter the labor market and specifies what important questions may be analyzed by existing but untapped data and what issues require further research. In reviewing the extent of current knowledge, its scope is found to be limited to three general areas: the role is known of…

Becker, Henry Jay

418

Exploring ICT Integration as a Tool to Engage Young People at a Flexible Learning Centre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Edmund Rice Education Australia (EREA) Flexible Learning Centres aim to provide a supportive learning environment for young people who find themselves outside of the mainstream secondary schooling system. Drawing on twenty first Century learning principles, the Centres aim to deliver a personalised learning experience with an emphasis on…

Wilson, Kimberley Luanne; Boldeman, Suzi Ursula

2012-01-01

419

Subjective Evaluations of Motion Area and Velocity Characteristics of Dual Manipulator in Young and Elderly People  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we conducted a subjective evaluation experiment of a dual manipulator, which exhibits different motion characteristics. There are three motion characteristics: two of which are age-related, and the third is a robot motion characteristic and is newly added to these two motions. The motions are evaluated from motion areas and motion velocities. Subjects are elderly and young people,

Mitsumasa Yoda; Asako Yoda; Yasuhito Shiota

2006-01-01

420

Young People in Britain at the Beginning of a New Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers major social changes that have affected adolescent development in the latter part of the twentieth century, including changes in the labor market, family structure, attitudes toward race and gender, sexuality, mental health, and social exclusion. Suggests ways the behavior and development of young people will change in response. (JPB)

Coleman, John

2000-01-01

421

Early driving experience and influence on risk perception in young rural people.  

PubMed

Young people, particularly males and those from a rural area, are over represented in road crashes; this occurs in vehicle dependent countries around the world, including Australia. The attitudes, experiences and behaviours of young drivers are some of the key factors which affect their potential to have an early on road driving experience that is crash free. This paper considers the views of young people, some of whom were brought up on rural properties, and had significant, responsible roles in agricultural work, including task related driving from a very early age. This early responsibility and associated awareness of risk of injury in farm related tasks can affect risk perception and impact on later risk taking behaviours. Ten focus groups were conducted with young people attending schools in four towns in rural New South Wales, Australia. These were recorded and analysed using qualitative methodology. The results indicate that risk factors in driving, on and off road, are clearly identified and understood; the majority of young people in rural areas are not "high" risk takers or sensation seekers. They also indicate that, in rural NSW, early vehicle handling, before the age for obtaining a license for driving on roads, is customary practice within the community. Attitudes towards speeding, however, reflect that it is tolerable behaviour, and almost inevitable, and often not considered to be risky. Drink driving is considered more risky, and less acceptable, at both the personal and community levels. Future intervention strategies to reduce crash rates in young rural drivers should aim to address the attitudes and actions associated with speeding on rural roads. PMID:22269569

Knight, Patricia J; Iverson, Don; Harris, Mark F

2012-03-01

422

U.S. government announces new policy to address homelessness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Integrating Services a Key to Homelessness Planhttp://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory?id=10985475Shelter residents, operators react to U.S. Homeless planhttp://www.joplinglobe.com/local/x383282834/Shelter-residents-operators-react-to-U-S-homeless-planObama builds on Bush success to help the homelesshttp://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/the-monitors-view/2010/0622/Obama-builds-on-Bush-success-to-help-the-homelessA 1% fix for homelessnesshttp://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/home/49752645-73/percent-homeless-housing-homelessness.html.cspUnited States Interagency Council on Homelessness http://www.usich.gov/U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Homelessness Resource Exchangehttp://www.hudhre.info/Addressing the problems of the homeless population is a multi-faceted undertaking, and many different governmental agencies have tried novel approaches recently. For example, a coalition of groups in Seattle opened a residential facility several years ago where homeless persons who were dependent on alcohol could drink openly while living in the facility. This Tuesday, the White House made an announcement that a new effort called "Opening Doors" would be utilized to offer a new approach on the federal level to dealing with homelessness. The basic premise behind this approach is that better coordination among the "many agencies that try to help homeless people find employment and health care as well as stable places to live" is a crucial step to ending homelessness entirely. One of the key components of this plan is to also add housing vouchers for low-income families and affordable rental units in the short-term. The hope is that chronic homelessness (where people tend to cycle through shelters and hospitals) can be effectively alleviated with the implementation of this policy. The first link will take visitors to a story from ABC News about the recent announcement from the White House about this new plan. The second link will lead users to an article from the Joplin Globe which takes a look at reactions from residents and operators of homeless shelters in Joplin, MO. The third link will take users to an editorial from this Tuesday's Christian Science Monitor which discusses the work of the Bush administration on a similar plan to end chronic homelessness. Moving on, the fourth link leads to a thoughtful article from the Salt Lake Tribune which talks about the movement to encourage Utahns to pledge 1 percent of one year's income to generate an endowment to solve homelessness in the state. The fifth link will whisk users to the homepage of the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness. Here visitors can learn about the details of this plan and consider statistics on homelessness. The last and final link leads to the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Homelessness Resource Exchange website. The site contains information for those people "assisting persons who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless."

Grinnell, Max

2010-06-25

423

Alcohol and Cannabis: Young People Talking about How Parents Respond to Their Use of These Two Drugs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, there has been increasing concern over rising levels of alcohol and cannabis use among young people. This paper reports findings from a qualitative investigation of young people's cannabis-related beliefs and behaviour. Fifty-nine boys and girls aged 13 to 15 years were interviewed, mostly in self-selected friendship pairs, in six…

Highet, Gill

2005-01-01

424

Lamenting Sexualization: Research, Rhetoric and the Story of Young People's "Sexualization" in the UK Home Office Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses "The Sexualisation of Young People" review, authored by Dr Linda Papadopoulos in 2010 for the UK Home Office. The article examines the review as an academic piece of work, considers it in the context of debates about young people, violence and sexualization, and discusses the characteristics and significance of rhetorical…

Smith, Clarissa; Attwood, Feona

2011-01-01

425

"If You Don't Want to Tell Anyone Else You Can Tell Her": Young People's Views on School Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research was to assess the views of young people about school counselling. In total, 415 pupils from five secondary schools took part in the survey. A smaller number of these pupils took part in focus groups (n=9) to explore their views in more depth. In general, the young people seemed to value having a school counsellor. Most were…

Fox, Claire L.; Butler, Ian

2007-01-01

426

The Competent Drinker, the Authentic Person and the Strong Person: Lines of Reasoning in Swedish Young People's Discussions about Alcohol  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines young people's discussions about alcohol in an Internet chat room. I study how alcohol is meaningful to the young people through specifically focusing their understandings of the concepts control/loss of control, conscientiousness and maturity. I also study what relations of power are constructed among them. The results point…

Bogren, Alexandra

2006-01-01

427

The Views, Verdict and Recommendations for School and Home Sex and Relationships Education by Young Deaf and Hearing People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this survey study was to explore the views of young deaf and hearing people (16-25 years old) on school and home sex and relationships education (SRE). The study addressed a critical knowledge gap in the research literature on deaf youth's perception of SRE. The small-scale study explored young deaf people's experiences of SRE and…

Suter, Sarah; McCracken, Wendy; Calam, Rachel

2012-01-01

428

Family Physicians' Interventions with Young People in Distress and Their Parents: Managing Confidentiality and Levels of Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study aimed to interrogate the decisions and approaches used by family doctors in responding to the needs of young people in distress. The research sought to explore how practitioners balanced young people's needs for confidentiality and self-determination with their parents' concerns and needs as caregivers. Methods: Interviews…

Stanley, Nicky; Manthorpe, Jill; Gilespie, Lesley

2008-01-01

429

Young People's Reading and Writing: An In-Depth Study Focusing on Enjoyment, Behaviour, Attitudes and Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the end of 2009 the National Literacy Trust surveyed 17,000 children and young people online in the United Kingdom's largest ever study of young people's attitudes to literacy and literate behaviour. This survey was of special interest as it repeated questions asked by the National Literacy Trust in a survey of attitudes and reading behaviour…

Clark, Christina; Douglas, Jonathan

2011-01-01

430

The Effectiveness of an Innovative Intervention Aimed at Reducing Binge Drinking among Young People: Results from a Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: To assess the effectiveness of a digital-story intervention (short videos made by young people) seeking to reduce the prevalence of young people's binge drinking in Caerphilly. Method: A quasi-experimental design was adopted with three intervention sites and one control site providing the sample (mainly aged 14-15 years). Three rounds of…

Coleman, Lester; Ramm, Josephine; Cooke, Richard

2010-01-01

431

Improving Transition: a Qualitative Study Examining the Attitudes of Young People with Chronic Illness Transferring to Adult Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transition is a process that attends to the medical, psychosocial and educational needs of young people as they transfer to adult-orientated care. With a growing population of adolescents surviving with chronic illness well into adulthood, it is remarkable that empirical research has paid little attention to transition. This qualitative study examined the attitudes of young people with chronic illness who

Corina Soanes; Stephen Timmons

2004-01-01

432

Communication through Comedy: A Drama and Theatre Project with Young People for Whom English Is a Second Language  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores an eight-month community theatre project with young people for whom English is a second language. Working as a creative practitioner facilitating young people to explore their personal stories of transition to the UK, the drama therapist discovered comedy to be an important and poignant vehicle for expression of the emotional…

Shepherd, Lisa

2014-01-01

433

Learning to (Dis)Engage? The Socialising Experiences of Young People Living in Areas of Socio-Economic Disadvantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people are increasingly required to demonstrate civic engagement in their communities and help deliver the aspirations of localism and Big Society. Using an ecological systems approach this paper explores the experiences of different groups of young people living in areas of socio-economic disadvantage. Using volunteering as an example of…

Mason, Carolynne; Cremin, Hilary; Warwick, Paul; Harrison, Tom

2011-01-01

434

Young People, the Internet, and Civic Participation: An Overview of Key Findings from the CivicWeb Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Amid growing concern about young people's apparent lack of interest and involvement in politics and civil society, many have looked to the Internet for the solution to the problem of civic disconnection. But does the Internet really help to overcome young people's feelings of exclusion, apathy, and lack of motivation, thus improving prospects for democratic citizenship? This article provides an

Shakuntala Banaji; David Buckingham

2010-01-01

435

What Do Young People Need When They Leave Care? Views of Care-Leavers and Aftercare Workers in North Dublin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

EPIC is an independent voluntary organisation in the Republic of Ireland that advocates for the rights of children in care and young people who have care experience. One aspect of EPIC's work is the Aftercare Advocacy and Support Service, which provides confidential advice and support to young people who are preparing to leave care, those in…

Daly, Fiona

2012-01-01

436

The "Key" to Successful Transitions for Young People Leaving Residential Child Care: The Role of the Keyworker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the absence of mandatory planning and support to assist all young people who leave care in Ireland, after-care provision is a "neglected" area of service provision and has been criticised for being inconsistent and ad hoc. The benefits of keyworker support for young people making the transition out of care is more clearly articulated within the…

Holt, Stephanie; Kirwan, Gloria

2012-01-01

437

Positivity in Practice: Approaches to Improving Perceptions of Young People and Their Involvement in Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research was to investigate the approaches being taken by local authorities (LAs) and partner organisations to improve how young people are perceived, especially in relation to crime and antisocial behaviour. The study also looked at the challenges for and benefits of activities aiming to improve public perceptions of young people,…

Martin, Kerry; Hart, Ruth; MacLeod, Shona; Kinder, Kay

2010-01-01

438

‘If you don't want to tell anyone else you can tell her’: young people's views on school counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the research was to assess the views of young people about school counselling. In total, 415 pupils from five secondary schools took part in the survey. A smaller number of these pupils took part in focus groups (n=9) to explore their views in more depth. In general, the young people seemed to value having a school counsellor.

Claire L. Fox; Ian Butler

2007-01-01

439

What choices should we be able to make about designer babies? A Citizens' Jury of young people in South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Young people will increasingly have the option of using new technologies for reproductive decision making but their voices are rarely heard in debates about acceptable public policy in this area. Capturing the views of young people about potentially esoteric topics, such as genetics, is difficult and methodologically challenging. Design A Citizens Jury is a deliberative process that presents a

Rachel Iredale; Marcus Longley; Christian Thomas; Anita Shaw

2006-01-01

440

The Dynamics of Relationships. A Guide for Developing Self Esteem and Social Skills for Preteens and Young People. Teacher's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's manual was prepared for the program and curriculum, "The Dynamics of Relationships," Carl Roger's dream of what education should be. The program is meant to employ a preventive approach to many of the social problems affecting young people and families today; it was designed to help students (preteens and young people) develop a…

Kramer, Patricia; Frazer, Linda

441

Homelessness: Improving Program Coordination and Client Access to Programs. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Housing and Transportation, Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, U.S. Senate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This testimony on federal assistance for homeless people is based on issued reports and testimony over recent years. It highlights: (1) the federal approach to assisting homeless people; (2) actions of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to overcome coordination and administrative challenges posed by its homelessness programs;…

Czerwinski, Stanley J.

442

Homeless Families and Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

ublic concern about homelessness in the United States has increased in recent years. A late 1995 Gallup poll found that 86% of Americans feel sympathy for the homeless, and 33% report that they feel more sympathy now than they did five years ago. According to the same poll, one reason for this apparent increase in sympathy is that 17% of

Eugene M. Lewit; Linda Schuurmann Baker; Linda Schuurmann

443

Homeless in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way public authorities presently define the homeless in the United States carries forward a complex historical legacy. The causal and moral assessments of the homeless, grounded in the work ethic of our capitalist society, have left behind four interpretations of the homeless as vagrant, deviant, sick or victim. Analysis of recent studies of the homeless, while uncovering the presence

Charles Hoch

1986-01-01

444

The Rights of Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents information concerning homelessness and the education of homeless children nationwide and in Illinois. Estimates of the number of homeless children vary widely. Reasons for homeless children's failure to attend school include school residency requirements, delays in transfer of documents, and lack of transportation. The…

Strong, Penny

445

The Subjective Well-Being of the Homeless, and Lessons for Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study assessed the subjective well-being of a broad spectrum of homeless people. One-hundred-and-eighty-six homeless people from the streets of Calcutta (India), California, and a tent camp in Portland (Oregon) were interviewed, and responded to measures of subjective well-being. They answered questions about life satisfaction,…

Biswas-Diener, Robert; Diener, Ed

2006-01-01

446

An Examination of Physical and Mental Health Problems of the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a significant social problem in the United States and it has been estimated that there may be as many as 2.5 million homeless people in this country today. For these people, poverty, substance abuse, and harsh living conditions may further contribute to the development of physical and mental health problems. A study was conducted…

Solarz, Andrea; Mowbray, Carol

447

Visual storytelling: a beneficial but challenging method for health research with young people.  

PubMed

Visual storytelling is a new research approach drawing on established methods of photovoice and photo elicitation. It appears well suited to research with young people. We explored the feasibility of this approach, reflecting on benefits and challenges encountered while using it during a study of chronic disease self-management in adolescents. During in-depth interviews, 68 participants were questioned about the value of visual storytelling. Thematic analysis was applied. Visual storytelling was valued for (a) being a draw card during recruitment and increasing positive feelings about the research; (b) being fun; (c) promoting self-understanding; and (d) promoting expression, communication, and focus during interviews. Deciding what to photograph was difficult. More time and effort was required by researchers than for a standard qualitative interview study. The technique facilitated rich interviews, drawing into focus details of young peoples' lives that otherwise might not have been discussed. PMID:20729503

Drew, Sarah E; Duncan, Rony E; Sawyer, Susan M

2010-12-01

448

Toward Youth Friendly Services: A Survey of Young People in Primary Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The World Health Organization encourages the development of youth friendly services, yet little is known on how youth currently\\u000a present in general practice.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objective  To describe the perspectives, expectations, and service receipt of young people presenting to family doctors to inform the\\u000a development of youth friendly services.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design  Cross-sectional survey.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Participants and measurements  Consecutive young people attending 26 randomly selected practices were recruited

Dagmar M. Haller; Lena A. Sanci; George C. Patton; Susan M. Sawyer

2007-01-01

449

'Physical education makes you fit and healthy'. Physical education's contribution to young people's physical activity levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess physical activity levels during high school physical education lessons. The data were considered in relation to recommended levels of physical activity to ascertain whether or not physical education can be effective in helping young people meet health-related goals. Sixty-two boys and 60 girls (aged 11-14 years) wore heart rate telemeters during physical

S. Fairclough; G. Stratton

2004-01-01

450

Factors that Promote or Hinder Young Disabled People in Work Participation: A Systematic Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction The aim of this systematic review was to study factors which promote or hinder young disabled people entering the labor market.\\u000a Methods We systematically searched PubMed (by means of MESH and text words), EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science and CINAHL for studies\\u000a regarding (1) disabled patients diagnosed before the age of 18 years and (2) factors of work participation. Results

T. J. Achterberg; H. Wind; A. G. E. M. de Boer; M. H. W. Frings-Dresen

2009-01-01

451

Building Social Capital in Young People: The Role of Mass Media and Life Outlook  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we evaluate different models of media use to determine whether television and other popular media facilitate or hinder the development of social capital in young people. We surveyed a nationally representative sample of 14- to 22-year olds (N?=?1,800) to assess the media–social capital relationship controlling for pessimistic life outlook. Consistent with Beck's (1967) theory of depression, we

Daniel Romer; Kathleen Hall Jamieson; Josh Pasek

2009-01-01

452

It's a Boy Thing: The Role of the Internet in Young People's Psychological Wellbeing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between psychological well- being and Internet use among adolescents, focussing not only on time spent on the Internet, but also on the relative strength\\/importance of both face-to-face and Internet friendship networks. A sample of 336 young people aged between 15 and 21 years from a secondary school and a university

Lauren Donchi; Susan Moore

2004-01-01

453

The Working Behavior of Young People in Rural Cote d'Ivoire  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major features of structural adjustment is an attempt to reallocate labor--and hence output--through changes in relative prices, This article assesses how price changes affect the working patterns of young people in rural Cote d'Ivoire. The analysis is based on a model of the labor supply of rural households and on the construction of composite price indexes. The

Paul Baker; Richard Blundell; Christopher Heady; Costas Meghir

1992-01-01

454

`Exploring relationships': a study of young people's (hetero)sexual subjectivities, knowledge and practices  

E-print Network

and health researchers between young people's knowledge about sexual activity and their actual practice (Crawford, Turtle and Kippax, 1990) suggested that, although levels of knowledge about HIV/AIDS, condom use and sexually transmitted diseases were... -social issues such as the buying, carrying and use of condoms within relationships (Wight, 1992). Alternatively, at a more practical level, research has focused on how sexuality education programmes might deliver safer sex messages more effectively (Bolton...

Allen, Louisa Elizabeth

2000-02-15

455

Involving disabled children and young people as partners in research: a systematic review.  

PubMed

Children and young people can be valuable partners in research, giving their unique perspectives on what and how research should be done. However, disabled children are less commonly involved in research than their non-disabled peers. This review investigated how disabled children have been involved as research partners; specifically how they have been recruited, the practicalities and challenges of involvement and how these have been overcome, and impacts of involvement for research, and disabled children and young people. The INVOLVE definition of involvement and the Equality and Human Rights Commission definition of disability were used. Relevant bibliographic databases were searched. Websites were searched for grey literature. Included studies had involved disabled children and young people aged 5-25 years in any study design. Reviews, guidelines, reports and other documents from the grey literature were eligible for inclusion. Twenty-two papers were included: seven reviews, eight original research papers, three reports, three guidelines and one webpage. Nine examples of involvement were identified. Recommendations included developing effective communication techniques, using flexible methods that can be adapted to needs and preferences, and ensuring that sufficient support and funding is available for researchers undertaking involvement. Positive impacts of involvement for disabled children included increased confidence, self-esteem and independence. Positive impacts for research were identified. Involving disabled children in research can present challenges; many of these can be overcome with sufficient time, planning and resources. More needs to be done to find ways to involve those with non-verbal communication. Generally, few details were reported about disabled children and young people's involvement in studies, and the quality of evidence was low. Although a range of positive impacts were identified, the majority of these were authors' opinions rather than data. There remains scope for methodological research to inform appropriate approaches to public and patient involvement in childhood disability research. PMID:25323964

Bailey, S; Boddy, K; Briscoe, S; Morris, C

2014-10-16

456

Autistic Traits and Cognitive Performance in Young People with Mild Intellectual Impairment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive performance and the relationship between theory of mind (TOM), weak central coherence and executive function were\\u000a investigated in a cohort of young people with additional learning needs. Participants were categorized by social communication\\u000a questionnaire score into groups of 10 individuals within the autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) range, 14 within the pervasive\\u000a developmental disorder range and 18 with few autistic

Jonathan M. Harris; Catherine S. Best; Vivien J. Moffat; Michael D. Spencer; Ruth C. M. Philip; Michael J. Power; Eve C. Johnstone

2008-01-01

457

Young people and political action: who is taking responsibility for positive social change?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract A human,rights perspective suggests that we are all responsible for ensuring the human rights of others, which in turn ensures that our own human rights are respected and protected. A convenience sample,of 108 young people (41 males and 67 females) aged between,16 and 25 completed a questionnaire which asked about (a) levels of involvement in political activity and (b)

Sonja J. Ellis

2004-01-01

458

Self-harm and psychosocial characteristics of looked after and looked after and accommodated young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children and young people who are classed as “looked after” and “looked after and accommodated”, have been identified as being especially at risk of self-harm, however there is little research that has assessed self-harm among these groups. This study investigates self-harm rates, distinguishing between cognitions and behaviours with non-suicidal and suicidal intent among the looked after and looked after and

E. Harkess-Murphy; J. MacDonald; J. Ramsay

2012-01-01

459

Choosing vocational education: some views from young people in West Yorkshire  

Microsoft Academic Search

How young people make career\\/occupational choices and why they enter particular careers\\/occupations are questions to which the answers are complex. One hundred and ninety seven-students drawn from two non-selective comprehensive schools and two further education (FE) colleges in the North of England took part in a questionnaire survey relating to their perceptions of education and training. Forty-seven of these students

John Swift; Roy Fisher

2012-01-01

460

Partnerships Generating a Workforce Pipeline: Empowering Young People, from Diverse Backgrounds, to Become Tomorrow's Scientific Leaders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a critical need to build students' scientific understanding and prepare them to fill the roles of future decision-makers and the scientific workforce. In particular, efforts are needed to reach the underserved communities, which represent the greatest untapped talent pool in the sciences. In order to build future leadership in this arena, we must employ innovative approaches that generate young peoples' interest and develop their capabilities early in their education so that an increased number will enter college interested in and prepared to pursue careers in scientific fields. Partnerships between early and informal education providers and scientists from academia, industry, and government agencies are essential to generate a pipeline of students able to and interested in making this transition. Ocean Discovery Institute's partnership model uses authentic scientific discovery to generate the spark that makes young people, from the most urban and diverse backgrounds, eager to learn. As these young people work alongside science mentors to discover the world around them, they discover themselves and their future as scientific leaders. The success of this model includes increasing students' science performance, attendance in college, selection of science and conservation majors, and contributions directly to the field of geoscience. Content assessments, surveys, interviews, and tracking data demonstrate 73% of student graduates declaring majors in science and conservation fields, higher scores on standardized tests relative to their peers, and contributions to science research including 10 publications and more than 30 scientific presentations. In addition, robust and long-term partnerships have been established with institutions including the University of San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Sempra Energy, and the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. We will share lessons learned from over ten years of experience in partnering with scientists to prepare young people, from urban and diverse backgrounds for higher education in the sciences, describe the best practices tested, successful approaches, and the challenges still underway.

Nguyen, T.; Goodwin, L.; Talley, D. M.

2011-12-01

461

The influence of stigma on young people’s help-seeking intentions and beliefs about the helpfulness of various sources of help  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  In this study, we examined whether young people’s help-seeking intentions and beliefs about the helpfulness of various sources\\u000a of help are influenced by their own, and their parents’ stigmatising attitudes towards young people with mental disorders.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A national telephone survey was conducted with 3,746 Australians aged 12–25 years and 2,005 of their parents. Stigmatising\\u000a attitudes, help-seeking intentions, and perceived helpfulness of

Marie B. H. YapAnnemarie; Annemarie Wright; Anthony F. Jorm

462

Alcohol and sexual health in young people: the role of PSHE.  

PubMed

This paper explores the relationship between sexual health and alcohol in young people in contemporary society, and the role of personal, social and health and economic education (PSHE). This research was prompted by the decision of the Department of Health (DH) not to publish National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance on PSHE in January 2011. The guidance was requested following a Department for Education internal review into PSHE education. This paper will review qualitative and quantitative research, and data pertaining to the issue of sexual health behaviour and alcohol use among young people in the UK and the role of PSHE education. NICE guidance remains the 'gold standard' for evidence-based healthcare service provision and its implications for sexually transmitted infection and teenage pregnancy rates remains a high priority. Equally, research supports that addressing the issue of alcohol is an increasing priority in young people. This paper will argue that the NICE PSHE review findings should be updated, published and implemented. PMID:25626291

Rowlinson, Louise

2014-12-01

463

"It's common sense that it's wrong": young people's perceptions and experiences of cyberbullying.  

PubMed

The use of the Internet, mobile phones, and social networking sites by some young people to harass and intimidate each other has led cyberbullying to become a significant concern for parents, educators, and policy makers. The existing literature on this behavior is largely quantitative, with only a small number of qualitative studies addressing this issue. This study examined perceptions and experiences of cyberbullying in a series of 18 focus groups conducted with young people aged 9-19 in the UK. The results suggest that cyberbullying is perceived to be problematic and serious but relatively routine part of young people's online lives and interactions. The results also highlighted the influence of the characteristics of technologically mediated communication on the dynamics of the behavior. The role of anonymity in determining victim-perpetrator relationships and the seriousness of the behavior was discussed by participants, though the influence of disinhibition and inability to view the direct impact of victimization were perceived to be of greater importance. The implications of the results are discussed, and areas for future research suggested. PMID:23745618

Bryce, Jo; Fraser, James

2013-11-01

464

The association between shame and substance use in young people: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background. Shame has been associated with a range of maladaptive behaviours, including substance use. Young people may be particularly vulnerable to heightened shame sensitivity, and substance use is a significant problem amongst UK adolescents. Although there appears to be a relationship between shame and substance use, the direction of the relationship remains unclear. Aim. The purpose of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the literature relating to shame and substance use in young people. Method. Five electronic databases were searched for articles containing terms related to ‘adolescence,’ ‘shame’ and ‘substance use.’ Six articles were included in the final analyses. Results. Adverse early experiences, particularly sexual abuse, predict shame-proneness, and substance use is a mechanism by which some individuals cope with negative feelings. In general, there is a dearth of literature investigating the shame-substance use relationship in adolescent samples. The available literature associates shame-proneness with poorer functioning and suggests that it may potentially lead to psychopathology and early-onset substance use. Scant attention has been paid to the cognitive and emotional processes implicated. Further research is required to ascertain the strength of the shame-substance use relationship in young people and to develop appropriate interventions for this population. PMID:25649509

Rahim, Masuma

2015-01-01

465

Validation of an abbreviated adherence measure for young people with Type 1 diabetes  

PubMed Central

Aims Adherence to diabetes-related tasks is an important construct. The Diabetes Self-Management Profile is a validated, semi-structured interview assessing adherence in paediatric patients with Type 1 diabetes. We created and validated a brief questionnaire version of the Diabetes Self-Management Profile called the Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire. Methods Young people with Type 1 diabetes, ages 9–15 years (n = 338) and their parents provided data from chart review, interview and questionnaires. Results Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire scores correlated significantly with Diabetes Self-Management Profile scores, HbA1c, blood glucose monitoring frequency and other measures associated with adherence and/or glycaemic control (P ? 0.01 for all). Young people and parent scores were correlated (r = 0.55, P < 0.0001). The Diabetes Self-Management Questionnaire demonstrated modest internal consistency (Cronbach’s ? = 0.59), adequate for a brief measure of multidimensional adherence. In addition, factor analysis confirmed one factor. Conclusions This brief adherence questionnaire demonstrated construct validity in young people 9–15 years old and their parents and may have utility in clinical and research settings. PMID:21843307

Markowitz, J. T.; Laffel, L. M. B.; Volkening, L. K.; Anderson, B. J.; Nansel, T. R.; Weissberg-Benchell, J.; Wysocki, T.

2012-01-01

466

Social cognition deficits and psychopathic traits in young people seeking mental health treatment.  

PubMed

Antisocial behaviours and psychopathic traits place an individual at risk for criminality, mental illness, substance dependence, and psychosocial dysfunction. Social cognition deficits appear to be associated with psychopathic traits and are believed to contribute to interpersonal dysfunction. Most research investigating the relationship of these traits with social cognition has been conducted either in children or adult forensic settings. We investigated whether psychopathic traits were associated with social cognition in 91 young people presenting for mental healthcare (aged between 15 and 25 years). Participants completed symptom severity measures, neuropsychological tests, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test of social cognition (RMET), and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD) to assess psychopathic personality traits. Correlation analyses showed poorer social cognition was associated with greater psychopathic traits (r?=?-.36, p?=?.01). Interestingly, social cognition performance predicted unique variance in concurrent psychopathic personality traits above gender, IQ sustained attention, and working memory performance. These findings suggest that social cognitive impairments are associated with psychopathic tendencies in young people presenting for community mental healthcare. Research is needed to establish the directionality of this relationship and to determine whether social cognition training is an effective treatment amongst young people with psychopathic tendencies. PMID:23861799

van Zwieten, Anita; Meyer, Johanna; Hermens, Daniel F; Hickie, Ian B; Hawes, David J; Glozier, Nicholas; Naismith, Sharon L; Scott, Elizabeth M; Lee, Rico S C; Guastella, Adam J

2013-01-01

467

Social Cognition Deficits and Psychopathic Traits in Young People Seeking Mental Health Treatment  

PubMed Central

Antisocial behaviours and psychopathic traits place an individual at risk for criminality, mental illness, substance dependence, and psychosocial dysfunction. Social cognition deficits appear to be associated with psychopathic traits and are believed to contribute to interpersonal dysfunction. Most research investigating the relationship of these traits with social cognition has been conducted either in children or adult forensic settings. We investigated whether psychopathic traits were associated with social cognition in 91 young people presenting for mental healthcare (aged between 15 and 25 years). Participants completed symptom severity measures, neuropsychological tests, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test of social cognition (RMET), and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD) to assess psychopathic personality traits. Correlation analyses showed poorer social cognition was associated with greater psychopathic traits (r?=??.36, p?=?.01). Interestingly, social cognition performance predicted unique variance in concurrent psychopathic personality traits above gender, IQ sustained attention, and working memory performance. These findings suggest that social cognitive impairments are associated with psychopathic tendencies in young people presenting for community mental healthcare. Research is needed to establish the directionality of this relationship and to determine whether social cognition training is an effective treatment amongst young people with psychopathic tendencies. PMID:23861799

van Zwieten, Anita; Meyer, Johanna; Hermens, Daniel F.; Hickie, Ian B.; Hawes, David J.; Glozier, Nicholas; Naismith, Sharon L.; Scott, Elizabeth M.; Lee, Rico S. C.; Guastella, Adam J.

2013-01-01

468

"I Don't Want to Live like This Anymore": Disrupted Habitus in Young People "At Risk" of Diagnosis of Personality Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on interview data gathered from 27 young people involved with a street-level service for young people considered "at risk" of diagnosis of personality disorder. Interviews with a self-selecting sample of young people explored the events that led to their initial contact with the service. Using Silverman's…

Gilbert, Tony; Farrand, Paul; Lankshear, Gloria

2013-01-01

469

"What Do You Say to Them?" Investigating and Supporting the Needs of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Questioning (LGBTQ) Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the experiences and support needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) young people living in Sussex (UK), and the training needs of practitioners working with LGBTQ young people. The aims were to explore the experiences of young people including bullying, "coming out," social service and educational…

Sherriff, Nigel S.; Hamilton, Wook E.; Wigmore, Shelby; Giambrone, Broden L. B.

2011-01-01

470

Keeping silent about emergency contraceptives in Addis Ababa: a qualitative study among young people, service providers, and key stakeholders.  

PubMed

BackgroundThe growing popularity of emergency contraceptives (ECs) among urban youth in Sub-Saharan Africa is accompanied by debates on morality and health. This study was situated in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and aimed to explore how these debates affect the way in which the product is promoted at a national level, how it is dispensed by service providers, and how young people access, purchase, and get informed about ECs.MethodsData were collected using qualitative methods: observations in pharmacies, administering semi-structured questionnaires to young people in pharmacies (N¿=¿36), informal interviews with young people (N¿=¿65), and in-depth interviews with service providers (N¿=¿8) and key stakeholders (N¿=¿3).ResultsKey stakeholders, uncomfortable with high sales of ECs, and service providers, worried about women¿s health, promiscuity and the neglect of condoms, stay silent about ECs. Most young people had used ECs more than once. In a context where premarital sex is morally sanctioned ECs provide young people with a way of keeping their sexual lives secret and they fit well with their sex lives that often entail infrequent sexual encounters. Young people preferred (but they are also left with no other option than) to seek information from discreet sources, including friends and partners, leaflets and the mass media. In addition, service providers misunderstood young people¿s purchasing behaviour, characterized by buying ECs quickly and feeling too embarrassed to ask questions, as a rejection of counselling. The resultant lack of information about ECs sometimes led to confusion about how to take the pills.ConclusionsThe attitudes and beliefs of key stakeholders and service providers result in a lack of clear information on ECs available to young people. This could be addressed by improving the information leaflet, providing clear instructions of use on blister packages, strategically distributing posters, and service providers adopting a more proactive attitude. PMID:25370200

Both, Rosalijn; Samuel, Fantawork

2014-11-01

471

Safety and Danger in Downtown Vancouver: Understandings of Place among Young People Entrenched in an Urban Drug Scene  

PubMed Central

We undertook this qualitative study to examine young people's understandings of the physical and social landscape of the downtown drug scene in Vancouver, Canada. In-depth interviews were conducted with 38 young people ranging from 16 to 26 years of age. Using the concept of symbolic violence, we describe how one downtown neighborhood in particular powerfully symbolizes ‘risk’ among local youth, and how the idea of this neighborhood (and what happens when young people go there) informs experiences of marginalization in society's hierarchies. We also discuss the complex role played by social networks in transcending the geographical and conceptual boundaries between distinct downtown drug-using neighborhoods. Finally, we emphasize that young people's spatial tactics within this downtown landscape – the everyday movements they employ in order to maximize their safety – must be understood in the context of everyday violence and profound social suffering. PMID:19733496

Fast, Danya; Shoveller, Jean; Shannon, Kate; Kerr, Thomas

2009-01-01

472

‘I don't know anyone that has two drinks a day’: Young people, alcohol and the government of pleasure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problematic alcohol consumption is a major public health, health education and health promotion issue in Australia and internationally. In an effort to better understand young people's drinking patterns and motivations we investigated the cultural drivers of drinking in 14–24 year-old Australians. We interviewed 60 young people in the state of Victoria aged 20–24 about their drinking biographies. At the time

Lyn Harrison; Peter Kelly; Jo Lindsay; Jenny Advocat; Chris Hickey

2011-01-01

473

Selenium status and associated factors in a British National Diet and Nutrition Survey: young people aged 4–18 y  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Assessment of selenium status to provide normative reference values, and investigation of associated socio-demographic factors, in a national sample of British young people aged 4–18 y.Setting: National Diet and Nutrition Survey—a nationwide cross-sectional sample of young people aged 4–18 y living in mainland Britain in 1997.Methods: Selenium status was measured, mainly in fasting blood samples, by plasma selenium concentration

CJ Bates; CW Thane; A Prentice; HT Delves; J Gregory

2002-01-01

474

The Do-It-Yourself (DIY) Movement and Young People with Serious Physical Illnesses Who Support Building Communities of Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article was inspired by an edited collection of reflections, SICK, a Compilation Zine on Physical Illness (Holtzman, 2009), written by young people in the radical-alternative DIY (do-it-yourself) community who were diagnosed with a serious physical illness or care about someone with that diagnosis. DIY represents an ideal or value for many young people who associate themselves with the punk

Andrew Malekoff

2010-01-01

475

Tracing the trends and transitions in young people's citizenship practices: what are the implications for researching citizenship and citizenship education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:?Youth participation (or lack thereof) has been a subject of continued concern over the past 20 years. This decline has prompted huge interest in understanding how young people practice citizenship and in identifying measures that can help increase participation and interest.Purpose:?The aim of this article is to examine how young people's citizenship practices change over the course of their adolescence,

Avril Keating; Tom Benton; David Kerr

2011-01-01

476

Young people's and professionals' views about ways to reduce teenage pregnancy rates: To agree or not agree  

Microsoft Academic Search

ContextWe know little about young people's views of the effectiveness of interventions to reduce the frequency of teenage pregnancy.ObjectiveTo compare the views of young people and professionals about ways to reduce the frequency of teenage pregnancy.DesignComparison of consensus emerging from adult and teenagers' workshop discussions and subsequent modified two-round Delphi questionnaires for each subject group.SettingNorth Staffordshire community.ParticipantsFifty-six professionals from health,

Ruth Chambers; Elizabeth Boath; Stephanie Chambers

2002-01-01

477

You are what your friends eat: systematic review of social network analyses of young people's eating behaviours and bodyweight  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThis review synthesises evidence regarding associations between young people's social networks and their eating behaviours\\/bodyweight, and also explores how these vary according to the setting and sample characteristics.MethodsA systematic review of cross-sectional and longitudinal observational studies examining the association between measures of young people's social networks based on sociometric data and eating behaviours (including calorific intake) and\\/or bodyweight.ResultsThere is consistent

Adam Fletcher; Chris Bonell; Annik Sorhaindo

2011-01-01

478

Getting the 'blues': the existence, diffusion and influence of pornography on young peoples' sexual health in Sierra Leone.  

PubMed

While substantial research has examined the effects of pornography on young people in developed societies, existing studies fall short in addressing how sexually-explicit material affects young people in developing countries. The importance of such knowledge increases as the globalising effects of technology expand young peoples' access and exposure to pornography. During the summer of 2012, a study was undertaken in Sierra Leone examining factors affecting young peoples' sexual and reproductive health. The research assessed the influence of HIV knowledge, communication about sex, civil war and contraception myths on sexual behaviours, while remaining open to unanticipated factors. During data collection, respondents identified pornography, also called blues, as an influential factor, detailing its newfound accessibility driven by improved access to information and communication technologies in the country. Respondents also addressed several presumed ways in which pornography impacts young peoples' decisions about sexual health. The following study examines perceived effects of young peoples' exposure to pornography based on existing literature. It then outlines the findings of research conducted in Sierra Leone, drawing on primary data from the respondents and relevant published literature and concludes with proposals for addressing its negative effects. PMID:24387328

Day, Andrea

2014-01-01

479

"I Don't Want to Grow Up and Not Be Smart": Urban Indigenous Young People's Perceptions of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the policy and research interests in optimising the educational experiences and outcomes of Indigenous young people, this paper aims to give voice to young Indigenous students' experiences of school and to convey a sense of the varied and complex nature of their educational and life pathways. Using a qualitative, life history research…

Nelson, Alison; Hay, Peter J.

2010-01-01

480

Reducing Alcohol and Other Drug-Related Harm in Young People: Evaluation of a Youth Engagement Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deakin University's RuralLife alcohol and other drug (AOD) research initiative was commissioned by St John of God Hospital and Barwon Youth to evaluate their Youth Engagement Program (YEP), which is an AOD harm-reduction program intended to engage young people with AOD problems in a region that has a higher-than-state-average proportion of young

McKenzie, Stephen; Droste, Nic; Hickford, Salli; Miller, Peter

2011-01-01

481

Attitudes of Young People in China to Family Formation. A Study in Urban and Rural Areas in Beijing and Sichuan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attitudes of young Chinese people toward family formation are examined giving insights to the varying attitudes of young men and women according to rural or urban setting, educational levels, types of employment, economic status, and proximity to centers of economic and social development. Information is also provided on population policies…

Zhang, Zhi Yi

482

"Which Sexuality? Which Service?": Bisexual Young People's Experiences with Youth, Queer and Mental Health Services in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explored the mental health of Australian bisexual-identifying and/or behaving adolescents and young people. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 adolescents and young adults, and 15 youth health/community service providers. The health implications of misrepresentation, marginalization, and exclusion from a…

Pallotta-Chiarolli, Maria; Martin, Erik

2009-01-01

483

Comparisons of Gambling and Alcohol Use Among College Students and Noncollege Young People in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Gambling and alcohol use were compared for college and noncollege young adults in the US population. Participants: Participants were 1,000 respondents aged 18 to 21. Methods: Data were analyzed from a representative household sample of US young people aged 14 to 21 years old. Telephone interviews were conducted between August 2005 and January 2007. Results: After taking into account

Grace M. Barnes; John W. Welte; Joseph H. Hoffman; Marie-Cecile O. Tidwell

2010-01-01

484

Anal heterosex among young people and implications for health promotion: a qualitative study in the UK  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore expectations, experiences and circumstances of anal sex among young people. Design Qualitative, longitudinal study using individual and group interviews. Participants 130 men and women aged 16–18 from diverse social backgrounds. Setting 3 contrasting sites in England (London, a northern industrial city, rural southwest). Results Anal heterosex often appeared to be painful, risky and coercive, particularly for women. Interviewees frequently cited pornography as the ‘explanation’ for anal sex, yet their accounts revealed a complex context with availability of pornography being only one element. Other key elements included competition between men; the claim that ‘people must like it if they do it’ (made alongside the seemingly contradictory expectation that it will be painful for women); and, crucially, normalisation of coercion and ‘accidental’ penetration. It seemed that men were expected to persuade or coerce reluctant partners. Conclusions Young people's narratives normalised coercive, painful and unsafe anal heterosex. This study suggests an urgent need for harm reduction efforts targeting anal sex to help encourage discussion about mutuality and consent, reduce risky and painful techniques and challenge views that normalise coercion. PMID:25122073

Marston, C; Lewis, R

2014-01-01

485

Kinematics of hip, knee, ankle of the young and elderly Chinese people during kneeling activity*  

PubMed Central

Objective: The purpose of this study was to measure the kinematics of the lower limbs of Chinese people during normal kneeling activity, as such data could be valuable in designing joint prosthesis and arthroplasty that meet the needs of Chinese citizens’ daily activities. Methods: Thirty young and twenty elderly Chinese participants with no personal history of joint diseases were recruited, and matched by age (average age: 23.8 years for the young group, 60.8 years for the elderly group). Each participant performed six trials during which three-dimensional (3D) kinematics data were collected and the means of the 3D angles of the ankle, knee, and hip joints of two groups were calculated. Results: There were no obvious differences between the two groups in the knee and ankle joints. The mean range of knee flexion was 139.6° for the young group and 140.9° for the elderly group. The mean range of ankle flexion was 35.7° for the young group and 37.6° for the elderly group. The maximal eccentric flexion at the hip joint was 67.5° for the young group compared to 100.5° for the elderly group. Conclusions: The elderly uses more hip flexion angles than the young when assuming the kneeling posture. The ranges of motion obtained during kneeling activity are greater than the reported mean ranges of motion achieved following joint arthroplasty. The data could be valuable in establishing criteria for lower limb prosthetics and rehabilitation protocol for the Chinese population. PMID:23024050

Zhou, Hai; Wang, Dong-mei; Liu, Tao-ran; Zeng, Xiang-sen; Wang, Cheng-tao

2012-01-01

486

The Pulpless Generation: Why Young People Don't Protest the Iraq War (or Anything Else), and Why It's Not Entirely Their Fault  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people today appear politically inactive. Is this so? The Obama phenomenon suggests otherwise. This article examines subpolitical or prepolitical activism on the part of the young—their politics conducted outside traditional political boundaries. I also read young people's frenetic text messaging, instant messaging and MySpacing as literary and even political activities worth considering. Young people have been off the social-science

Ben Agger

2009-01-01

487

The Homeless Mentally Ill: No Longer Out of Sight and Out of Mind. Human Resources Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing presence of the mentally ill among the nation's homeless is the topic of this report. The problems presented by deinstitutionalization are discussed, including: (1) the homeless mentally ill as a disruptive element of society; (2) mentally ill persons who shuttle between the hospital and the community; (3) young chronic patients who…

Paterson, Andrea; Craig, Rebecca T.

1985-01-01

488

Systematic review and meta-analysis: prevalence of alcohol use among young people in eastern Africa  

PubMed Central

Objective Systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies of alcohol use among young people (age 15–24 years) in eastern Africa to estimate prevalence of alcohol use and determine the extent of use of standardised screening questionnaires in alcohol studies. Methods Five databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Africa-wide, and PsycINFO) were searched for publications until 30th June 2013. Results were summarised using the guidelines on preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) and on quality assessment using the modified quality assessment tool for systematic reviews of observational studies (QATSO). Heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 statistic (DerSimonian-Laird). Results We identified 2785 potentially relevant studies, of which 56 were eligible for inclusion. Only two studies (4%) used the standardised Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) questionnaire, and six studies (13%) used the Cut down, Annoyed, Guilt, Eye opener (CAGE) questionnaire. The reported median prevalence of alcohol use was ever-use 52% [interquartile range (IQR): 20–58%], use in the last month 28% (IQR: 17–37%), use in the last year 26% (IQR: 22–32%), and problem drinking as defined by CAGE or AUDIT 15% (IQR: 3–36%). We observed high heterogeneity between studies, with the highest prevalence of ever use of alcohol among university students (82%; 95%CI: 79–85%) and female sex workers (66%; 95%CI: 58–74%). Current use was most prevalent among male sex workers (69%; 95%CI: 63–75%). Conclusions Reported alcohol use and problem drinking were common among diverse groups of young people in eastern Africa, indicating the urgent need for alcohol-focused interventions in this population. Few studies have used standardised alcohol screening questionnaires. Epidemiological research to investigate alcohol-focused interventions in young people should aim to apply such questionnaires that should be validated for use in this population. PMID:24479379

Francis, Joel M; Grosskurth, Heiner; Changalucha, John; Kapiga, Saidi H; Weiss, Helen A

2014-01-01

489

Impact of malocclusion on oral health related quality of life in young people  

PubMed Central

Background The objectives for this study were to assess Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in young people aged 15–25 who sought orthodontic treatment, and to measure the association between orthodontic treatment need (using the IOTN), sex, age and education level, and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL). Methods Survey of a consecutive series of 323 young adults aged 15 to 25 years, attending orthodontic clinics at the Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA. Participants completed the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) and had a clinical examination including the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need- Dental Health Component (IOTN-DHC). Data analyses included descriptive statistics, One-way ANOVA and bivariate and multivariate regression models. Results The mean overall score (± SD) for OHIP-14 in young people aged 15–25 was 22.6?±?12.5. The psychological discomfort domain was the domain where highest impact was recorded with a mean (± SD) of 4.0?±?1.9. The regression analyses showed a significant association of IOTN-DHC with overall OHIP-14 score (p?people and those with a university education report higher levels of impact. There was no reported difference in impact between male and females. PMID:23443041

2013-01-01

490

It's not just the television: survey analysis of sedentary behaviour in New Zealand young people  

PubMed Central

Background Sedentary behaviour has been linked with adverse health outcomes in young people; however, the nature and context of being sedentary is poorly understood. Accurate quantification and description of sedentary behaviour using population-level data is required. The aim of this research was to describe sedentary behaviour among New Zealand (NZ) youth and examine whether sedentary behaviour differs by Body Mass Index (BMI) status in this population. Methods A national representative cross-sectional survey of young people aged 5-24 years (n = 2,503) was conducted in 2008-2009. Data from this survey, which included subjectively (recall diary; n = 1,309) and objectively (accelerometry; n = 960) measured sedentary behaviour for participants aged 10-18 years were analysed using survey weighted methods. Results Participants self-reported spending on average 521 minutes per day (standard error [SE] 5.29) in total sedentary behaviour, 181 minutes per day (SE 3.91) in screen-based sedentary activities (e.g., television and video games), and 340 minutes per day (SE 5.22) in other non-screen sedentary behaviours (e.g., school, passive transport and self-care). Accelerometer-measured total sedentary behaviour was on average 420 minutes per day (SE 4.26), or 53% (SE 0.42%) of monitored time. There were no statistically significant differences in time spent in sedentary behaviour among overweight, obese and healthy/underweight young people. Conclusions Both subjective and objective methods indicate that NZ youth spend much of their waking time being sedentary. No relationships were found between sedentary behaviour and BMI status. These findings extend previous research by describing engagement in specific sedentary activities, as well as quantifying the behaviour using an objective method. Differences in what aspects of sedentary behaviour the two methods are capturing are discussed. This research highlights the potential for future interventions to target specific sedentary behaviours or demographic groups. PMID:22133039

2011-01-01

491

Mapping the evidence for the prevention and treatment of eating disorders in young people  

PubMed Central

Abstract Eating disorders often develop during adolescence and young adulthood, and are associated with significant psychological and physical burden. Identifying evidence-based interventions is critical and there is need to take stock of the extant literature, to inform clinical practice regarding well-researched interventions and to direct future research agendas by identifying gaps in the evidence base. Aim To investigate and quantify the nature and distribution of existing high-quality research on the prevention and treatment of eating disorders in young people using evidence mapping methodology. Method A systematic search for prevention and treatment intervention studies in adolescents and young adults (12–25 years) was conducted using EMBASE, PSYCINFO and MEDLINE. Studies were screened and mapped according to disorder, intervention modality, stage of eating disorder and study design. Included studies were restricted to controlled trials and systematic reviews published since 1980. Results The eating disorders evidence map included 197 trials and 22 systematic reviews. Prevention research was dominated by trials of psychoeducation (PE). Bulimia nervosa (BN) received the most attention in the treatment literature, with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and antidepressants the most common interventions. For anorexia nervosa (AN), family based therapy (FBT) was the most studied. Lacking were trials exploring treatments for binge eating disorder (BED) and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS). Relapse prevention strategies were notably absent across the eating disorders. Conclusions Despite substantial literature devoted to the prevention and treatment of eating disorders in young people, the evidence base is not well established and significant gaps remain. For those identified as being at-risk, there is need for prevention research exploring strategies other than passive PE. Treatment interventions targeting BED and EDNOS are required, as are systematic reviews synthesising BN treatment trials (e.g., CBT, antidepressants). FBTs for AN require investigation against other validated psychological interventions, and the development of relapse prevention strategies is urgently required. By systematically identifying existing interventions for young people with eating disorders and exposing gaps in the current literature, the evidence map can inform researchers, funding bodies and policy makers as to the opportunities for future research. PMID:24999427

2014-01-01

492

Pre-registration children's and young people's nurse preparation. A SWOT analysis.  

PubMed

An investigation was undertaken into the views of nurse educators on current approaches to preparing children's and young people's nurses in the UK. A convenience sample of lead academics in 17 child health nursing departments of British universities was contacted by email and invited to liaise with colleagues to generate lists of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) of the educational system. Thirteen departments provided data that were analysed and themed. Major themes included the common foundation programme, clinical skills learning, clinical placements and employment. More detailed evaluative work should be undertaken before wholesale changes are made to a relatively new curriculum. PMID:17193919

Richardson, Jim; McEwing, Gillian; Glasper, Edward Alan

2006-12-01

493

Numbers and proportions of leukemias in young people and adults induced by radiation of natural origin  

PubMed Central

Natural sources contribute a large fraction of the radiation exposure of the general public. Under the linear no-threshold hypothesis risk decreases in proportion to decreasing dose without a threshold. We use recent estimates of doses to the red bone marrow to calculate the number and proportion of cases of leukemia in England induced by natural radiation. We calculate that 5–6% of cases of leukemia, excluding chronic lymphocytic leukemia, up to age 80 years are induced by this background radiation. In young people up to the age of 25 years the attributable fraction is 12–18%, substantially lower than a previous estimate. PMID:21334745

Kendall, Gerald; Little, Mark; Wakeford, Richard

2014-01-01

494

Out of the reach of children? Young people’s health-seeking practices and agency in Africa’s newly-emerging therapeutic landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite a dominant view within Western biomedicine that children and medicines should be kept apart, a growing literature suggests that children and adolescents often take active roles in health-seeking. Here, we consider young people’s health-seeking practices in Ghana: a country with a rapidly-changing therapeutic landscape, characterised by the recent introduction of a National Health Insurance Scheme, mass advertising of medicines,

Kate R. Hampshire; Gina Porter; Samuel Asiedu Owusu; Augustine Tanle; Albert Abane

2011-01-01

495

National Coalition for Homeless Veterans  

MedlinePLUS

... President’s FY 2016 Proposed Budget Jeopardizes Services for Homeless and At-Risk Veterans Feb. 4, 2015 On ... of the federal government, including those that serve homeless and at-risk... continue VA Announces Availability of ...

496

Risk of death among homeless women: a cohort study and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Background Homeless people are at high risk for illness and have higher death rates than the general population. Patterns of mortality among homeless men have been investigated, but less attention has been given to mortality rates among homeless women. We report mortality rates and causes of death in a cohort of women who used homeless shelters in Toronto. We also compare our results with those of other published studies of homeless women and with data for women in the general population. Methods A cohort of 1981 women not accompanied by dependent children who used homeless shelters in Toronto in 1995 was observed for death over a mean of 2.6 years. In addition, we analyzed data from published studies of mortality rates among homeless women in 6 other cities (Montreal, Copenhagen, Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Brighton, UK). Results In Toronto, mortality rates were 515 per 100 000 person-years among homeless women 18–44 years of age and 438 per 100 000 person-years among those 45–64 years of age. Homeless women 18–44 years of age were 10 times more likely to die than women in the general population of Toronto. In studies from a total of 7 cities, the risk of death among homeless women was greater than that among women in the general population by a factor of 4.6 to 31.2 in the younger age group and 1.0 to 2.0 in the older age group. In 6 of the 7 cities, the mortality rates among younger homeless women and younger homeless men were not significantly different. In contrast, in 4 of the 6 cities, the mortality rates were significantly lower among older homeless women than among older homeless men. Interpretation Excess mortality is far greater among homeless women under age 45 years than among older homeless women. Mortality rates among younger homeless women often approach or equal those of younger homeless men. Efforts to reduce deaths of homeless women should focus on those under age 45. PMID:15078846

Cheung, Angela M.; Hwang, Stephen W.

2004-01-01

497

Yoga for Children and Young People’s Mental Health and Well-Being: Research Review and Reflections on the Mental Health Potentials of Yoga  

PubMed Central

This article discusses yoga as a potential tool for children to deal with stress and regulate themselves. Yoga provides training of mind and body to bring emotional balance. We argue that children and young people need such tools to listen inward to their bodies, feelings, and ideas. Yoga may assist them in developing in sound ways, to strengthen themselves, and be contributing social beings. First, we address how children and young people in today’s world face numerous expectations and constant stimulation through the Internet and other media and communication technologies. One reason why children experience stress and mental health challenges is that globalization exposes the youth all over the world to various new demands, standards, and options. There is also increased pressure to succeed in school, partly due to increased competition but also a diverse range of options available for young people in contemporary times than in the past. Our argument also partially rests on the fact that modern society offers plenty of distractions and unwelcome attractions, especially linked to new media technologies. The dominant presence of multimedia devices and the time spent on them by children are clear indicators of the shift in lifestyles and priorities of our new generation. While these media technologies are valuable resources in children and young people’s lives for communication, learning, and entertainment, they also result in constant competition for youngster’s attention. A main concept in our article is that yoga may help children and young people cope with stress and thus, contribute positively to balance in life, well-being, and mental health. We present research literature suggesting that yoga improves children’s physical and mental well-being. Similarly, yoga in schools helps students improve resilience, mood, and self-regulation skills pertaining to emotions and stress. PMID:24765080

Hagen, Ingunn; Nayar, Usha S.

2014-01-01

498

The convergence of gambling and digital media: implications for gambling in young people.  

PubMed

Adolescents' use of the Internet and other digital media for the purpose of gambling represents a serious concern in modern society. This paper overviews some of the available monetary and non-monetary forms of gambling within new digital and online media and monetary forms of games with gambling-like experiences. With reference to current psychological knowledge on the risk factors that promote adolescent gambling, it is suggested that new gambling technologies may: (a) make gambling more accessible and attractive to young people, (b) may promote factually incorrect information about gambling, (c) provide an easy escape from real world problems such as depression and social isolation, (d) create a gambling environment that easily facilitates peer pressures to gamble, (e) ease parental transmission of gambling attitudes and beliefs, and (f) make gambling more ubiquitous and socially acceptable. The unique risks of Internet gambling for young people are critically discussed, as well as the lack of restricted classification for video games and other media that feature interactive, non-monetary forms of gambling. PMID:19756979

King, Daniel; Delfabbro, Paul; Griffiths, Mark

2010-06-01

499

Health behaviours & problems among young people in India: cause for concern & call for action.  

PubMed

The young people in the age group of 10-24 yr in India constitutes one of the precious resources of India characterized by growth and development and is a phase of vulnerability often influenced by several intrinsic and extrinsic factors that affect their health and safety. Nearly 10-30 per cent of young people suffer from health impacting behaviours and conditions that need urgent attention of policy makers and public health professionals. Nutritional disorders (both malnutrition and over-nutrition), tobacco use, harmful alcohol use, other substance use, high risk sexual behaviours, stress, common mental disorders, and injuries (road traffic injuries, suicides, violence of different types) specifically affect this population and have long lasting impact. Multiple behaviours and conditions often coexist in the same individual adding a cumulative risk for their poor health. Many of these being precursors and determinants of non communicable diseases (NCDs) including mental and neurological disorders and injuries place a heavy burden on Indian society in terms of mortality, morbidity, disability and socio-economic losses. Many health policies and programmes have focused on prioritized individual health problems and integrated (both vertical and horizontal) coordinated approaches are found lacking. Healthy life-style and health promotion policies and programmes that are central for health of youth, driven by robust population-based studies are required in India which will also address the growing tide of NCDs and injuries. PMID:25297351

Sunitha, Singh; Gururaj, Gopalkrishna

2014-08-01

500

Health behaviours & problems among young people in India: Cause for concern & call for action  

PubMed Central

The young people in the age group of 10-24 yr in India constitutes one of the precious resources of India characterized by growth and development and is a phase of vulnerability often influenced by several intrinsic and extrinsic factors that affect their health and safety. Nearly 10-30 per cent of young people suffer from health impacting behaviours and conditions that need urgent attention of policy makers and public health professionals. Nutritional disorders (both malnutrition and over-nutrition), tobacco use, harmful alcohol use, other substance use, high risk sexual behaviours, stress, common mental disorders, and injuries (road traffic injuries, suicides, violence of different types) specifically affect this population and have long lasting impact. Multiple behaviours and conditions often coexist in the same individual adding a cumulative risk for their poor health. Many of these being precursors and determinants of non communicable diseases (NCDs) including mental and neurological disorders and injuries place a heavy burden on Indian society in terms of mortality, morbidity, disability and socio-economic losses. Many health policies and programmes have focused on prioritized individual health problems and integrated (both vertical and horizontal) coordinated approaches are found lacking. Healthy life-style and health promotion policies and programmes that are central for health of youth, driven by robust population-based studies are required in India which will also address the growing tide of NCDs and injuries. PMID:25297351

Sunitha, Singh; Gururaj, Gopalkrishna

2014-01-01