These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Homeless Young People and Technology: Ordinary  

E-print Network

Homeless Young People and Technology: Ordinary Interactions, Extraordinary Circumstances JillWashington|dhendry@uw.edu Homelessness among young people aged 13 to 30 is a pressing problem with lasting social and economic consequences for the U.S. By one estimate, 3 million young people experience homelessness annu- ally; that is

Anderson, Richard

2

Negative Cultural Capital and Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the ways in which homeless young people find a sense of self-worth and dignity within the conditions of youth homelessness. It notes that, while homeless young people seek a space where they do not feel marginalised and can attain a form of social status and cultural competence, they also engage in practices and acts of…

Barker, Justin David

2013-01-01

3

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing  

E-print Network

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing Abstract How should ubiquitous access to information through computing be shaped to improve the lives of homeless young people? Drawing on social and material considerations of homeless young people and service agencies, uncovered

Anderson, Richard

4

Homeless Young People's Experiences with Information Systems: Life and Work  

E-print Network

Homeless Young People's Experiences with Information Systems: Life and Work in a Community Seattle, WA 98195-2840 {woelfj, dhendry}@u.washington.edu ABSTRACT This paper explores how homeless young (Conformity, Youth-Adult Relationships, and Goals). Any information system for homeless young people must

Anderson, Richard

5

Homeless Young People and Living with Personal Digital Artifacts  

E-print Network

Homeless Young People and Living with Personal Digital Artifacts Jill Palzkill Woelfer and David G}@uw.edu ABSTRACT This paper reports on an investigation of how homeless young people hold themselves in relation the ordinary and extraordinary circumstances of homelessness. The paper concludes with a discussion

Anderson, Richard

6

Spaces of Trauma: Young People, Homelessness and Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little contemporary research has examined young people's experiences of violence and homelessness in detail within the Australian context. This article draws upon qualitative research with 33 homeless youth in Melbourne and seeks to enhance understanding of the impact of violence on young people. It argues that everyday experiences of violence…

Jordan, Lucinda

2012-01-01

7

Improving the Safety of Homeless Young People with Mobile Phones: Values, Form and Function  

E-print Network

Improving the Safety of Homeless Young People with Mobile Phones: Values, Form and Function Jill this proposition, 43 participants, from four stakeholder groups (homeless young people, service providers, police officers, and community members), were asked to consider how homeless young people could use mobile phones

Anderson, Richard

8

The Role of Music in the Lives of Homeless Young People  

E-print Network

The Role of Music in the Lives of Homeless Young People in Seattle WA and Vancouver BC Abstract I outline my proposed dissertation study of music in the lives of homeless young people. Participants will include homeless young people and service providers in Seattle WA and Vancouver BC. The study is a mixed

Anderson, Richard

9

Homeless Young People on Social Network Sites Jill Palzkill Woelfer and David G. Hendry  

E-print Network

Homeless Young People on Social Network Sites Jill Palzkill Woelfer and David G. Hendry This paper reports on the use of social network sites (MySpace and Facebook) by homeless young people, deeply human experiences that have become associated with social network sites. Author Keywords Homeless

Anderson, Richard

10

How to integrate digital media into a drop-in for homeless young people for deepening relationships between youth and adults  

E-print Network

How to integrate digital media into a drop-in for homeless young people for deepening relationships 2010 Keywords: Homeless youth Community drop-ins Digital media Curriculum design Life-skills training for homeless young people, aged 13­25. Motivated by the ordinariness of digital media and its importance

Anderson, Richard

11

"It's Good to Have Wheels!" Perceptions of Cycling among Homeless Young People in Sydney, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participation in sporting or recreational programs can be unattainable for many disadvantaged young people. Encouraging regular cycling is an important public health strategy to increase participation in physical activity and expand personal transport options for marginalised youth. Perceptions and attitudes toward cycling were explored in eight…

Crawford, Belinda; Rissel, Chris; Yamazaki, Rowena; Franke, Elise; Amanatidis, Sue; Ravulo, Jioji; Bindon, Jenni; Torvaldsen, Siranda

2012-01-01

12

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over 3 years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to fewer…

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

13

Building Canada-U.S. Collaborations through Research with Homeless Young I am a PhD Candidate in Information Science at the Information School here  

E-print Network

Building Canada-U.S. Collaborations through Research with Homeless Young People I am a Ph Facebook. Prior research with homeless young people Homelessness among young people, up to age 30 counting homeless people is fraught with difficulty, experts estimate that up to 3 million young people

Anderson, Richard

14

Correlates of depressive symptoms among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

Adolescent homelessness has received increasing attention because of its fast growth throughout the United States and the poor mental outcomes experienced by homeless young people. This cross-sectional study (N = 156) identified correlates of depressive symptomatology among homeless young adults and investigated how depressive symptoms are influenced by the coping strategies these young adults use. The findings are based on analysis of baseline data collected for a hepatitis vaccination intervention pilot study conducted in partnership with a young adult's drop-in center in Santa Monica, California. Standardized tools assessed drug use history, coping ability, and psychiatric symptomatology. Linear regression modeling was used to identify correlates of depressive symptom severity. Poor perceived physical health, recent crack cocaine use, and recent use of tranquilizers were significantly associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. Self-destructive escape, nondisclosure/avoidance, passive problem solving, and thoughts of harming self were also associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. PMID:21131507

Nyamathi, Adeline; Marfisee, Mary; Slagle, Alexandra; Greengold, Barbara; Liu, Yihang; Leake, Barbara

2012-02-01

15

Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Adolescent homelessness has received increasing attention due to its fast growth throughout the United States and the poor mental outcomes experienced by homeless young people. This cross-sectional study (N = 156) identified correlates of depressive symptomatology among homeless young adults and investigated how depressive symptoms are influenced by the coping strategies these young adults employ. The findings are based on analysis of baseline data collected for a hepatitis vaccination intervention pilot study conducted in partnership with a young adult’s drop-in center in Santa Monica, California. Standardized tools assessed drug use history, coping ability, and psychiatric symptomatology. Linear regression modeling was used to identify correlates of depressive symptom severity. Poor perceived physical health, recent crack cocaine use and recent use of tranquilizers were significantly associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. Self-destructive escape, non-disclosure/avoidance, passive problem-solving and thoughts of harming self were also associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. PMID:21131507

Nyamathi, Adeline; Marfisee, Mary; Slagle, Alexandra; Greengold, Barbara; Liu, Yihang; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

16

Poor Parenting and Antisocial Behavior among Homeless Young Adults: Links to Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the association…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

17

Exploring the Lived Experiences of Homeless Families with Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study researched the experiences of homeless families with young children between the ages of four and eight. Many families experience homelessness every year; therefore, it is important for early childhood educators to have an understanding of how homelessness affects families with young children so that educators can effectively serve the…

Hinton, Stephanie; Cassel, Darlinda

2013-01-01

18

Improving access to health care for homeless people.  

PubMed

Homeless people have the poorest health outcomes in our society and the number of people who are homeless is increasing. This article explores the effect that homelessness has on health, provides details of organisations that offer services to the homeless population of London, and highlights the role of nurses in advocating for improved services for homeless patients. The need to understand and address inequalities in access to health care is also discussed. An example of the authors' practice is provided in the form of a case study. PMID:25294486

Lamb, Venetia; Joels, Claire

2014-10-13

19

Employment Status and Income Generation among Homeless Young Adults: Results from a Five-City, Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-methods study identified correlates of unemployment among homeless young adults in five cities. Two hundred thirty-eight homeless young people from Los Angeles (n = 50), Austin (n = 50), Denver (n = 50), New Orleans (n = 50), and St. Louis (n = 38) were recruited using comparable sampling strategies. Multivariate logistic regression…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna J.; Maccio, Elaine M.; Pollio, David

2012-01-01

20

Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, "Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People" is a comprehensive study that examines the continuums of care for homeless people throughout the United States. Critiquing the agenda of the Continuum of Care (CoC), a system designed to help homeless people as well as those at imminent risk of becoming homeless, this 216-page report examines their development, current structure, and possible future. Users should note that this report defaults to small font and may be more easily readable if printed.

2002-01-01

21

Family Histories and Multiple Transitions Among Homeless Young Adults: Pathways to Homelessness  

PubMed Central

This study explored the early family histories of homeless young adults, the types and number of transitions they experienced, and their pathways to the street. Intensive qualitative interviews were audio taped and transcribed with 40 homeless young adults 19 to 21 years of age in the Midwest. Findings show that family backgrounds were generally characterized by substance use, child maltreatment, and witnessing violence, all of which provide social context for understanding why so many of these young people opted to leave home in search of an alternative living situation. The current findings also reveal that while some young adults ran away from home as adolescents, others were “pushed out” (i.e., told to leave), or removed by state agencies. Current study findings illustrate that young adults’ trajectories are marked by multiple living arrangements such as home, foster care, detention facility, and drug rehabilitation. Overall, study results show that young adults’ family histories place them on trajectories for early independence marked by multiple transitions and numerous living situations, culminating in a lack of a permanent residence to call home. PMID:24151346

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Schmitz, Rachel M.

2013-01-01

22

Family Histories and Multiple Transitions Among Homeless Young Adults: Pathways to Homelessness.  

PubMed

This study explored the early family histories of homeless young adults, the types and number of transitions they experienced, and their pathways to the street. Intensive qualitative interviews were audio taped and transcribed with 40 homeless young adults 19 to 21 years of age in the Midwest. Findings show that family backgrounds were generally characterized by substance use, child maltreatment, and witnessing violence, all of which provide social context for understanding why so many of these young people opted to leave home in search of an alternative living situation. The current findings also reveal that while some young adults ran away from home as adolescents, others were "pushed out" (i.e., told to leave), or removed by state agencies. Current study findings illustrate that young adults' trajectories are marked by multiple living arrangements such as home, foster care, detention facility, and drug rehabilitation. Overall, study results show that young adults' family histories place them on trajectories for early independence marked by multiple transitions and numerous living situations, culminating in a lack of a permanent residence to call home. PMID:24151346

Tyler, Kimberly A; Schmitz, Rachel M

2013-10-01

23

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Highlights Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Highlights Report offers a substantial review of both the data and analytic conclusions. One significant finding that seems to fly in the face of certain myths about homelessness: "when homeless people get housing assistance and needed services - such as health care, substance abuse treatment, mental health services, education and job training - 76% of those living in families and 60% of those living alone end their homeless status."

1999-01-01

24

The Increasing Financial Dependency of Young People on Their Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is commonly mentioned in the youth policy literature that the financial dependency of young people on their parents is increasing and that this is likely to have an adverse effect on the well-being of young people, their families and the community in general. Possible consequences include lower living standards for young people and their families, family conflict, homelessness, crime

Judy Schneider

1999-01-01

25

Youth Homelessness 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third national census of homeless school students, conducted in 2006, found that the number of homeless students had decreased since 2001. There were 9,389 homeless students in 2006 compared with 12,227 in 2001. Three groups were over-represented in the homeless population: Indigenous students, young people from single parent and blended…

MacKenzie, David; Chamberlain, Chris

2008-01-01

26

Strengthening At-Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children Initiative, funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, aims to improve the housing, health, and development of homeless and at-risk young families. This article describes the services provided in four program sites (Pomona, CA; Antelope Valley, CA; Minneapolis, MN; and Chicago, IL)…

Medeiros, Debra; Vaulton, Wendy

2010-01-01

27

What determines the spatial distribution of homeless people in Japan?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of homeless people has been increasing dramatically in Japan since the collapse of the bubble economy in the early of 1990s. This article is the first economic analysis using Geographic Information System (GIS) data to study the spatial distribution of Japan's homeless population. Results suggest that the availability of employment, public medical care and food significantly affect the

Wataru Suzuki

2008-01-01

28

Pregnancy and Sexual Health among Homeless Young Injection Drug Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of…

Hathazi, Dodi; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Sanders, Bill; Bloom, Jennifer Jackson

2009-01-01

29

Correlates of Homeless Episodes among Indigenous People  

PubMed Central

This study reports the correlates of homeless episodes among 873 Indigenous adults who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study on four reservations in the Northern Midwest and four Canadian First Nation reserves. Descriptive analyses depict differences between those who have and have not experienced an episode of homelessness in their lifetimes. Multivariate analyses assess factors associated with a history of homeless episodes at the time of their first interview. Results show that individuals with a history of homeless episodes had significantly more individual and family health, mental health, and substance abuse problems. Periods of homelessness also were associated with financial problems. Among the female caretakers who experienced episodes of homelessness over the course of the study, the majority had been homeless at least once prior to the start of the study and approximately one–fifth met criteria for lifetime alcohol dependence, drug abuse, or major depression. Family adversity during childhood was also common for women experiencing homelessness during the study. PMID:21656303

Whitbeck, Les B.; Crawford, Devan M.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner

2011-01-01

30

Memory impairment among people who are homeless: A systematic review.  

PubMed

Cognitive impairment may interfere with an individual's ability to function independently in the community and may increase the risk of becoming and remaining homeless. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature on memory deficits among people who are homeless in order to gain a better understanding of its nature, causes and prevalence. Studies that measured memory functioning as an outcome among a sample of homeless persons were included. Data on sampling, outcome measures, facet of memory explored and prevalence of memory impairment were extracted from all selected research studies. Included studies were evaluated using a critical appraisal process targetted for reviewing prevalance studies. Eleven studies were included in the review. Verbal memory was the most commonly studied facet of memory. Potential contributing factors to memory deficits among persons who are homeless were explored in seven studies. Memory deficits were common among the samples of homeless persons studied. However, there was a great deal of variation in the methodology and quality of the included studies. Conceptualisations of "homelessness" also differed across studies. There is a need for more controlled research using validated neuropsychological tools to evaluate memory impairment among people who are homeless. PMID:24912102

Ennis, Naomi; Roy, Sylvain; Topolovec-Vranic, Jane

2015-07-01

31

Ethical Considerations for People Who Are Homeless and Mentally Ill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an ethical analysis of the important issues surrounding the involuntary institutionalization of people who are homeless and mentally ill (HMI) in the United States. The legal, economic, and moral implications of state-sponsored involuntary institutionalization of people who are HMI are considered. An ethical decision-making…

Waggoner, Elizabeth A.; Howard, Richard; Markos, Patricia A.

2004-01-01

32

Does context matter? Examining the mental health among homeless people.  

PubMed

While much research has focused on the impact community has on health and wellbeing of domiciled populations, limited research has explored the same for homeless people. Using multivariate models, this research explores what factors are related to depressive symptomatology among homeless people living in two distinctly different communities. Results suggest that context matters, but not for every circumstance examined in these models. While some variables exhibit a consistent relationship with depressive symptoms, the role of social capital is noted as particularly important to lowering symptomatology, yet its impact differs significantly by location. PMID:24952424

Fitzpatrick, Kevin; Myrstol, Brad A; Miller, Elizabeth

2015-02-01

33

What do homeless people eat and can Crisis FareShare help improve their diet?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on a survey of the diets of 423 homeless people attending day centres and soup runs in London during 1994 and 1995. Also analyses the potential nutritional benefits of Crisis FareShare - a project which distributes surplus fresh food to homeless people. Highlights the vitamin and mineral deficiencies of homeless people and the achievements of Crisis FareShare in providing

Naomi Evans

1996-01-01

34

Children and Young People at Risk of Social Exclusion: Links between Homelessness, Child Protection and Juvenile Justice. Data Linkage Series. Number 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current research demonstrates relationships between child abuse and neglect, homelessness and criminal activity. This report presents key findings from analysis of a data set linking three community-sector data collections: Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP), juvenile justice supervision, and child protection notifications and…

Aalders, Rachel

2012-01-01

35

Increasing Access to Higher Education for Unaccompanied Youth: Information for Colleges and Universities. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, more than a million young people in the United States experience homelessness; some of these young people, known as unaccompanied homeless youth, will face the challenges of homelessness while living on their own without the support of a caring adult. Unaccompanied homeless youth face the same struggles as other young people: trying to…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

36

Advocacy and EnumerationCounting Homeless People in a Suburban Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enumerating or estimating the numbers of homeless people has become an important research activity in the past few decades. The methodologies of almost all efforts to count homeless people have been closely linked to advocacy activities such as providing shelter and food to those in need. Yet the effect of advocacy work on estimating or enumerating homeless populations has not

Cynthia J. Bogard

2001-01-01

37

Self-perceived strengths among people who are homeless.  

PubMed

This study examined self-perceived strengths among 116 people who were homeless. Those who had experienced a longer period of current homelessness tended to report fewer personal strengths (r = -0.23). Nonetheless, in spite of their marginalized position in society, the vast majority of participants (114 out of 116) perceived personal strengths. A prior diagnosis with mental illness was not associated with the number of strengths reported, but self-perception of strengths was associated with altruistic orientation. The Values in Action (VIA) taxonomy of character strengths captured many of the responses generated by this population. The most frequently mentioned character categories included social intelligence, kindness, persistence, authenticity and humour. The most frequently mentioned other strengths included personal skills (e.g. music, sports), job skills, intelligence and education. The results have relevance for efforts to build self-perceptions that facilitate escape from homelessness. PMID:23173008

Tweed, Roger G; Biswas-Diener, Robert; Lehman, Darrin R

2012-11-01

38

The Dynamics of Violence and Homelessness among Young Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Violence is one of the most prevalent elements in the lives of homeless families with young children. This violence may come in various forms: domestic violence, street violence, violence in one's childhood, witnessing violence, and other avenues and modes. Violence disrupts the normal bonding between parent and child. It isolates and degrades…

Swick, Kevin James

2008-01-01

39

Strengthening Homeless Parents with Young Children Through Meaningful Parent Education and Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless parents of young children confront several barriers to developing effective parenting skills and dispositions. Perhaps\\u000a the major barrier is that of the negative stereotype that many people use to label them. They also often have not had positive\\u000a parent role models and in many cases have had to deal with the issues of violence. Parent education and support strategies

Kevin J. Swick

2009-01-01

40

Issues and Strategies Involved in Helping Homeless Parents of Young Children Strengthen Their Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless parents of young children face many stressors that erode their self-esteem. This article articulates these stressors and how they negatively impact homeless parents and their children. Strategies for helping parents empower themselves and their children are explained.

Swick, Kevin J.

2009-01-01

41

Drugs and Young People  

MedlinePLUS

Drug abuse is a serious public health problem.It affects almost every community and family in some way. Drug abuse in children and teenagers may pose a ... of young people may be more susceptible to drug abuse and addiction than adult brains. Abused drugs ...

42

The Social Network: Homeless Young Women, Social Capital, and the Health Implications of Belonging outside the Nuclear Family  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article looks at the means through which homeless young women are able to improve their flow of social capital by attaining a sense of belonging and forming positive attachments to supportive people and places. In so doing, they also develop relationships with health and social services and improve their overall physical and mental health…

Oliver, Vanessa; Cheff, Rebecca

2014-01-01

43

Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Young Adults Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. Yet, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Objectives The purpose of this study was to solicit perspectives of homeless drug-using young adults as to how art can be used to design messages for their peers about the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Methods Qualitative methodology via focus group discussions was utilized to engage 24 homeless young adults enrolled from a drop-in site in Santa Monica. Results The findings revealed support for a myriad of delivery styles, including in person communication, flyers, music, documentary film and creative writing. The young adults also provided insight into the importance of the thematic framework of messages. Such themes ranged from empowering and hopeful messages to those designed to scare young homeless adults into not experimenting with drugs. Conclusions The findings indicate that in addition to messages communicating the need to prevent or reduce drug and alcohol use, homeless young adults respond to messages that remind them of goals and dreams they once had for their future, and to content that is personal, real and truthful. . Our research indicates that messages that reinforce protective factors such as hope for the future and self-esteem may be as important to homeless young adults as information about the risks and consequences of drug use. PMID:21441664

Nyamathi, Adeline; Slagle, Alexandra; Thomas, Alexandra; Hudson, Angela; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Avila, Glenna; Orser, Julie; Cuchilla, Manuel

2013-01-01

44

Exploring the Psychosocial and Behavioral Adjustment Outcomes of Multi-Type Abuse among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the psychosocial and behavioral adjustment outcomes associated with verbal, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse among homeless young adults as well as the associations among abuse types. Convenience sampling was used to select 28 homeless young adults (ages 18 to 24) from one drop-in center. Overall, subjects experienced…

Ferguson, Kristin M.

2009-01-01

45

Adapting the Individual Placement and Support Model with Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Prior research reveals high unemployment rates among homeless young adults. The literature offers many examples of using evidence-based supported employment models with vulnerable populations to assist them in obtaining and maintaining competitive employment; yet few examples exist to date with homeless young adults with mental…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Xie, Bin; Glynn, Shirley

2012-01-01

46

The Impact of Being Homeless on Young Children and Their Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families with young children are the fastest growing population of the homeless. Homeless young children (under the age of 5) are especially vulnerable as early childhood professionals consider the early years to be the most critical developmental period in all domains (cognitive, social-emotional, physical, and language). The disruptions to a…

Powell, Tenisha L.

2012-01-01

47

HIV\\/AIDS Health Service Utilization by People Who have been Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

People living with HIV\\/AIDS (PLWHA) who experience homelessness have competing priorities (e.g., food, security of property)\\u000a and experience complex health-related issues (e.g., co-morbidities, transportation to clinics) that may interfere with utilizing\\u000a health care services. Using data from 229 PLWHA we did not find that homelessness was related to fewer or shorter clinic visits.\\u000a Patients who had ever been homeless were

Randal Henry; Jean L. Richardson; Susan Stoyanoff; Gary P. García; Fredrick Dorey; Ellen Iverson; Jan B. King

2008-01-01

48

HIV/AIDS health service utilization by people who have been homeless.  

PubMed

People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) who experience homelessness have competing priorities (e.g., food, security of property) and experience complex health-related issues (e.g., co-morbidities, transportation to clinics) that may interfere with utilizing health care services. Using data from 229 PLWHA we did not find that homelessness was related to fewer or shorter clinic visits. Patients who had ever been homeless were more likely to have a case manager (74.2%) than never homeless patients (58.8%). African American patients were less likely to have a case manager (57%) as compared to other ethnicities (66%) although this was not statistically significant. PMID:17682939

Henry, Randal; Richardson, Jean L; Stoyanoff, Susan; García, Gary P; Dorey, Fredrick; Iverson, Ellen; King, Jan B

2008-09-01

49

Untangling the Complex Needs of People Experiencing Gambling Problems and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People with gambling problems are now recognised among those at increased risk of homelessness, and the link between housing and gambling problems has been identified as an area requiring further research. This paper discusses the findings of a qualitative study that explored the relationship between gambling problems and homelessness. Interviews…

Holdsworth, Louise; Tiyce, Margaret

2013-01-01

50

Pathways for Homeless Mentally Ill People in Washington, D.C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for a more responsive service system for people who are both mentally ill and homeless is a salient concern in America today. Preliminary research was conducted to examine how homeless mentally ill persons are processed by the currently organized network of human services in the nation's capital. Data were gathered in the summer of 1985…

Dockett, Kathleen H.

51

Educational Issues for Children and Young People in Families Living in Emergency Accommodation--An Irish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article explores how homelessness may impact on the educational participation of children and young people in families living in emergency accommodation in Dublin. Many difficulties arise in terms of maintaining consistent schooling for children when they are part of a homeless family, including problems getting to and from school if living at…

Keogh, Anna Fiona; Halpenny, Ann Marie; Gilligan, Robbie

2006-01-01

52

Young People and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet was developed to inform teenagers of their civil rights and to encourage them to organize in order to seek more equitable rights. The book is not recommended for classroom use, but rather is written as resource material for young people avidly interested in their rights and in the discrimination against young people by the legal…

Autlin, Diana

53

Leading Work with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Leading Work with Young People" provides a selection of writing from a complex and dynamic field of work. The editors bring together key readings and newly commissioned material to present a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives on leading and managing work with young people. The book will equip students with the knowledge, skills,…

Harrison, Roger, Ed.; Benjamin, Cathy, Ed.; Curran, Sheila, Ed.; Hunter, Rob, Ed.

2007-01-01

54

Where Do Young People Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current policy intention, that all young people remain in some form of accredited education or training to the age of 18 by 2015, poses significant challenges. The jobs without training (JWT) group includes young people who are in full-time work and not in receipt of training leading to National Vocational Qualification level 2 (or above);…

Maguire, Sue; Huddleston, Prue

2009-01-01

55

Education research Exploring young people's  

E-print Network

their continued engagement with formal and informal science education. · The study had three main strandsEducation research Exploring young people's views on science education September 2011 #12;Exploring young people's views on science education Report to the Wellcome Trust September 2011 Prepared

Rambaut, Andrew

56

Effective Communication with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Government established the Office for Youth (the Office) in September 2008 in an effort to engage with the young people of Australia. The Office will work with other government agencies to help young people reach their full potential; make effective transitions to adulthood as they continue to learn, start work, make decisions that…

Shanahan, Patrick; Elliott, David

2009-01-01

57

Physical activity and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical activity should be a normal part of growing up for young people. Babies learn and develop physical capabilities through play; toddlers develop key social skills through games with others and young people develop basic skills and an understanding of rules and team membership through sport and physical education. Unfortunately as children get older and into teenage years, levels of

Maureen Mulvihill

58

Contraceptive choice for young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and methodologyGiving young women access to newer contraceptives such as the combined contraceptive patch, combined contraceptive vaginal ring and single-rod implant may help reduce teenage pregnancies. However, little is known about young people's attitudes towards these contraceptives. This cross-sectional survey, using a self-completion questionnaire, aimed to explore young people's attitudes towards these contraceptives in order to develop understanding of

Rebecca Say; Diana Mansour

2009-01-01

59

Issues and Strategies Involved in Helping Homeless Parents of Young Children Strengthen Their Self-Esteem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless parents of young children face many stressors that erode their self-esteem. This article articulates these stressors\\u000a and how they negatively impact homeless parents and their children. Strategies for helping parents empower themselves and\\u000a their children are explained.

Kevin J. Swick

2009-01-01

60

Direct and Indirect Effects of Parenting on the Academic Functioning of Young Homeless Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Effects of parenting quality on the academic functioning of young homeless children were examined using data from 58 children ages 4 to 7 and their parents during their stay at an emergency homeless shelter. Parenting quality, child executive function, child intellectual functioning, and risk status were assessed in the shelter,…

Herbers, Janette E.; Cutuli, J. J.; Lafavor, Theresa L.; Vrieze, Danielle; Leibel, Cari; Obradovic, Jelena; Masten, Ann S.

2011-01-01

61

Direct and Indirect Effects of Parenting on the Academic Functioning of Young Homeless Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Effects of parenting quality on the academic functioning of young homeless children were examined using data from 58 children ages 4 to 7 and their parents during their stay at an emergency homeless shelter. Parenting quality, child executive function, child intellectual functioning, and risk status were assessed in the shelter, and teacher reports of academic functioning were obtained

Janette E. Herbers; J. J. Cutuli; Theresa L. Lafavor; Danielle Vrieze; Cari Leibel; Jelena Obradovi?; Ann S. Masten

2011-01-01

62

Families on the Edge: Homeless Young Parents and Their Welfare Experiences. A Survey of Homeless Youth and Service Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the experiences of homeless young parents with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, which can be an important tool in helping them achieve long-term stability and economic self-sufficiency. The 1996 welfare reform act included special provisions that applied only to minor teen parents, requiring them to…

Reeg, Bob; Grisham, Christine; Shepard, Annie

63

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Summary Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Summary Report gives complete analysis of the extensive findings of the survey, including five chapters summarizing the methodology and data.

1999-01-01

64

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Technical Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Technical Report provides the "full, detailed technical report consisting of 17 chapters with appendices and complete sets of data tables (over 500 pages)."

1999-01-01

65

When the Bough Breaks: The Effects of Homelessness on Young Children. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 3, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Living without permanent, long-term housing creates a number of stressors for children and families, but being homeless can be particularly detrimental to the healthy development of young children. The National Center on Family Homelessness reports that more than 1.6 million children--or one in 45 children--were homeless annually in America…

McCoy-Roth, Marci; Mackintosh, Bonnie B.; Murphey, David

2012-01-01

66

The prevalence of psychiatric disorders and use of care by homeless people in Paris  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Homelessness is a growing problem in the cities of the western world, and homeless people have a plethora of mental health\\u000a and social difficulties. These are, nevertheless, difficult to evaluate epidemiologically. Method: In this paper we present a population survey using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) conducted in\\u000a the city of Paris in winter 1996 on a representative

V. Kovess; C. Mangin Lazarus

1999-01-01

67

Young People in Changing Societies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released earlier this month, this report from UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre offers an initial comprehensive look at the first generation of youth to come to maturity since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Topics covered include health, education, employment, crime, and young adult participation in government. The report suggests numerous ways to improve the situation of young people across the region. Also on-site is "Young Voices in Changing Societies," a report based on "the views of young people gathered during focus group discussion and individual interviews in six transition countries: the Czech Republic, Latvia, Romania, Russia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan." The full text of both reports may be downloaded by chapter in .pdf format. The text of the main report is also available in Russian, and a summary may be downloaded in English, Russian, or Italian.

68

Coming of age on the streets: survival sex among homeless young women in Hollywood.  

PubMed

This study examined childhood physical or sexual abuse, involvement in dependency or delinquency systems, psychiatric hospitalization, and suicide as possible risk factors for survival sex among homeless young women. Homeless young women were found to have similarly high rates of childhood sexual abuse, dependency and delinquency systems involvement, and psychiatric hospitalization. Homeless young women involved in survival sex disclosed higher rates of attempted suicide and reported marginally higher rates of childhood physical abuse. Analysis of qualitative data showed that those engaged in survival sex were motivated primarily by desperation to meet basic needs including a place to stay, food and money, and one third mentioned that peers commonly were influential in decisions to engage in survival sex. Others were influenced by coercion (10%) or pursuit of drugs (10%). Young women engaged in survival sex generally experienced regret and shame about their experience. PMID:24215967

Warf, Curren W; Clark, Leslie F; Desai, Mona; Rabinovitz, Susan J; Agahi, Golnaz; Calvo, Richard; Hoffmann, Jenny

2013-12-01

69

The health of homeless people in high-income countries: descriptive epidemiology, health consequences, and clinical and policy recommendations.  

PubMed

In the European Union, more than 400,000 individuals are homeless on any one night and more than 600,000 are homeless in the USA. The causes of homelessness are an interaction between individual and structural factors. Individual factors include poverty, family problems, and mental health and substance misuse problems. The availability of low-cost housing is thought to be the most important structural determinant for homelessness. Homeless people have higher rates of premature mortality than the rest of the population, especially from suicide and unintentional injuries, and an increased prevalence of a range of infectious diseases, mental disorders, and substance misuse. High rates of non-communicable diseases have also been described with evidence of accelerated ageing. Although engagement with health services and adherence to treatments is often compromised, homeless people typically attend the emergency department more often than non-homeless people. We discuss several recommendations to improve the surveillance of morbidity and mortality in homeless people. Programmes focused on high-risk groups, such as individuals leaving prisons, psychiatric hospitals, and the child welfare system, and the introduction of national and state-wide plans that target homeless people are likely to improve outcomes. PMID:25390578

Fazel, Seena; Geddes, John R; Kushel, Margot

2014-10-25

70

Moving On: Young People and Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help explain why some young people move from recreational drug use to substance abuse, twelve in-depth interviews were conducted with young people who had experienced problematic substance use. The data were supplemented by statistical data on 111 young people. The researchers found a variety of "structural" factors that help explain young

Daley, Kathryn; Chamberlain, Chris

2009-01-01

71

Young People's Favorite Leisure Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a study based on surveys conducted annually for the past nine years by the Samara Foundation for Social Research, commissioned by the committee for youth affairs of the administration of Samara Oblast. The sample consists of about 800 young people aged fourteen to thirty. In the present study the authors have focused on…

Zvonovskii, Vladimir; Lutseva, Svetlana

2004-01-01

72

Young People and Nuclear War  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although no bombs have yet exploded in World War III, there are already victims - not physically, but psychologically. Worse yet, these victims are often those most precious to us, our children. This paper examines the impact of the nuclear threat on the human psyche with particular emphasis on the mental state of young people and children. While a few

Stanislav K. Roschin; Tatiana S. Kabachenko

73

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve. Summary Report. Findings of the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (NSHAPC) was conducted to provide information about the providers of homeless assistance services and the characteristics of homeless clients who use them. This survey was conducted for use by federal agencies and other interested parties responsible for administering homeless

Burt, Martha R.; Aron, Laudan Y.; Douglas, Toby; Valente, Jesse; Lee, Edgar; Iwen, Britta

74

Social Work Outreach to Homeless People and the Need to Address Issues of Self-Esteem.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed self-esteem among homeless people (n=61). Found associations between low self-esteem and depression, family relationships, goal attainment, disability, health, and food deprivation. Findings suggest that depression and poor health are two most significant variables contributing to low self-esteem. (Author/NB)

DiBlasio, Frederick A.; Belcher, John R.

1993-01-01

75

Vulnerability of Homeless People in Tehran, Iran, to HIV, Tuberculosis and Viral Hepatitis  

PubMed Central

Background Homeless people are at risk of contracting communicable infectious diseases, as they indulge in risky behaviours and lifestyle. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of the aforementioned infections and related risk behaviours among homeless people in Tehran. Methods In this study a convenience sample of 593 homeless individuals was studied. The ELISA method was used for the detection of HIV, HCV and HBV. Clinical symptoms, sputum cultures, acid fast bacilli smears, and chest X-rays were used to identify active pulmonary tuberculosis, and the Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) test was used to identify latent tuberculosis. Results The prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and latent tuberculosis was 3.4%, 2.6%, 23.3% and 46.7%, respectively. Active pulmonary tuberculosis was found in 7 persons (1.2%). Injection drug use was an independent risk factor for HIV, HCV and HBV infections. Older people had a higher proportion of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (OR: 2.6, 95%CI: 1.9, 3.7) and HCV positivity (OR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.1, 2.5). Conclusion Our findings highlighted that much more attention needs to be paid to the health of homeless people. PMID:24896247

Bagheri Amiri, Fahimeh; Gouya, Mohammad Mehdi; Saifi, Mahnaz; Rohani, Mehdi; Tabarsi, Payam; Sedaghat, Abbas; Fahimfar, Noushin; Memarnejadian, Arash; Aghasadeghi, Mohammad Reza; Haghdoost, Ali Akbar; Jahanbakhsh, Fatemeh; Nasehi, Mahshid; Mostafavi, Ehsan

2014-01-01

76

Correlates of Depressed Mood among Young Stimulant-Using Homeless Gay and Bisexual Men  

PubMed Central

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for reporting suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered a study designed to reduce drug use. G/B men without social support were 11 times more likely to be experience depressed mood than their counterparts who had support while persons who reported severe body pain were almost 6 times more likely to report depressed mood than those without pain. Other factors that increased risk of depressed mood included being homeless in the last four months, injecting drugs, reporting poor or fair health status and high levels of internalized homophobia. This study is one of the first to draw a link between pain experienced and depressed mood in homeless young G/B men. Understanding the correlates of depressed mood among homeless G/B young men can help service providers design more targeted treatment plans and more appropriate referrals to ancillary care services. PMID:23017039

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine M.; Idemundia, Faith E.; Reback, Cathy J.; Shoptaw, Steve; Marfisee, Mary; Keenan, Colleen; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Liu, Yihang; Yadav, Kartik

2013-01-01

77

Correlates of depressed mood among young stimulant-using homeless gay and bisexual men.  

PubMed

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial, and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered a study designed to reduce drug use. G/B men without social support were 11 times more likely to experience depressed mood than their counterparts who had support; those who reported severe body pain were almost six times more likely to report depressed mood than those without pain. Other factors that increased risk of depressed mood included being homeless in the last four months, injecting drugs, reporting poor or fair health status, and high levels of internalized homophobia. This study is one of the first studies to draw a link between pain experienced and depressed mood in homeless young G/B men. Understanding the correlates of depressed mood among homeless G/B young men can help service providers design more targeted treatment plans and provide more appropriate referrals to ancillary care services. PMID:23017039

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine; Idemundia, Faith; Reback, Cathy; Shoptaw, Steven; Marfisee, Mary; Keenan, Colleen; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Liu, Yihang; Yadav, Kartik

2012-10-01

78

The Effect of an Interdisciplinary Community Health Project on Student Attitudes toward Community Health, People Who Are Indigent and Homeless, and Team Leadership Skill Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 22 health occupations students examined whether participation in an interdisciplinary community health empowerment project with urban homeless and formerly homeless people changed their attitudes about community health practice, attitudes toward people who are indigent and homeless, and perceived leadership skills. Posttests revealed a…

Rose, Molly A.; Lyons, Kevin J.; Miller, Kathleen Swenson; Cornman-Levy, Diane

2003-01-01

79

Holistic care of a drug-related wound: a case study from a clinic for homeless people.  

PubMed

Homeless people experience greater difficulties than the general population in accessing health care, despite being at greater risk of ill health. This case study describes the benefits of a supportive, accessible homeless health service, and explores the holistic factors involved in the rapid healing of a deep, drug-related wound. PMID:19736829

Nuttall, Roger

80

Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders among homeless people in a southeast city in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have shown a high prevalence of mental disorders among homeless people. Data from developing countries, like\\u000a Brazil, are conspicuously lacking, making it difficult to plan interventions targeted to this group’s mental health. The sample\\u000a was selected from street dwellers in Juiz de Fora, a city with 424?479 inhabitants in the Southeast of Brazil. People of 18\\u000a years of

U. Heckert; L. Andrade; M. J. M. Alves; C. Martins

1999-01-01

81

Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: A preliminary epidemiological trajectory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N=569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset

Michael C. Clatts; Lloyd Goldsamt; Huso Yi; Marya Viorst Gwadz

2005-01-01

82

A Typology of Mentally Disordered Users of Resources for Homeless People: Towards Better Planning of Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to describe distinct typologies among mentally ill users of resources for homeless people, in order\\u000a to inform the targeted development of mental health services to address their varied needs. Data came from a survey of clientele\\u000a of resources for homeless persons in Montreal and Quebec (N = 757) and this study includes the 369 people from

Jean-Pierre Bonin; Louise Fournier; Régis Blais

2009-01-01

83

Labor Migration by Russian Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Russia's young people have become active participants in processes of migration. After the fall of the USSR, young people began to travel outside Russia in substantially greater numbers. At the present time, young Russians can be found in all kinds of regions and countries of the world. They are getting an education in foreign universities and…

Man'shin, R. V.; Timoshenko, O. V.; Pis'mennaia, E. E.

2009-01-01

84

Evaluating Youth Work with Vulnerable Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of an 18-month research project that studied the effectiveness of youth work with vulnerable young people. The research, representing six distinct geographical areas of Scotland characterized by disadvantage, focused on young people aged 13 to 16. In each neighborhood, the project examined the experiences of young

Furlong, Andy; Cartmel, Fred; Powney, Janet; Hall, Stuart

85

Family Risk Factors and Prevalence of Dissociative Symptoms among Homeless and Runaway Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine family risk factors associated with dissociative symptoms among homeless and runaway youth. Method: Three hundred and twenty-eight homeless and runaway youth were interviewed using a systematic sampling strategy in metropolitan Seattle. Homeless young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Cauce, Ana Mari; Whitbeck, Les

2004-01-01

86

Educating Young People About Water  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Educating Young People About Water is a website for obtaining materials designed to help develop a community based, water education program that targets youth and links key community members. There are three guidebooks: A Guide to Program Planning and Evaluation, A Guide to Unique Program Strategies, and A Guide to Goals and Resources. The last guide is searchable on-line with more than 100 curricula summaries and checklists by grade level or topic. The guidebooks are five dollars each or can be downloaded from the site, and the 100 curricula materials are generally low cost or free. There is also a video available for eleven dollars that illustrates concepts explored in workshops where participants learn to design a community-based, youth water program. The video comes with a Program Leader Workshop Guide that explains how to conduct a workshop and use the materials in local planning session.

Jeremy Monnett

1996-03-15

87

Client-provider relationships in a community health clinic for people who are experiencing homelessness.  

PubMed

Recognizing the importance of health-promoting relationships in engaging people who are experiencing homelessness in care, most research on health clinics for homeless persons has involved some recognition of client-provider relationships. However, what has been lacking is the inclusion of a critical analysis of the policy context in which relationships are enacted. In this paper, we question how client-provider relationships are enacted within the culture of community care with people who are experiencing homelessness and how clinic-level and broader social and health policies shape relationships in this context. We explore these questions within a critical theoretical perspective utilizing a critical ethnographic methodology. Data were collected using multiple methods of document review, participant observation, in-depth interviews and focus groups. The participants include both clients at a community health clinic, and all clinic service providers. We explore how clients and providers characterized each other as 'good' or 'bad'. For providers, this served as a means by which they policed behaviours and enforced social norms. The means by which both providers' and clients' negotiated relationships are explored, but this is couched within both local and system-level policies. This study highlights the importance of healthcare providers and clients being involved in broader policy and systemic change. PMID:23033851

Oudshoorn, Abe; Ward-Griffin, Catherine; Forchuk, Cheryl; Berman, Helene; Poland, Blake

2013-12-01

88

Young People's Internet Use: Divided or Diversified?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically analyses research on young people's internet use. Based on a literature analysis, it examines which young people do what on the internet. These results invite a reflection on the dominant discourse on the digital divide. Within this discourse, there is a strong focus on the use of the internet for information purposes only,…

Boonaert, Tom; Vettenburg, Nicole

2011-01-01

89

Developing primary care services for young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cornwall and Isles of Scilly Health Promotion Service and Cornwall Youth Service have been working in partnership to facilitate the planning and promotion of high quality attractive and relevant designated health services for young people. This partnership arose from a joint project in North Cornwall looking at unwanted teenage pregnancies. It involved research with young people about their perspective

Linda Hughes

2000-01-01

90

Effectiveness of interventions to improve the health and housing status of homeless people: a rapid systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Research on interventions to positively impact health and housing status of people who are homeless has received substantially increased attention over the past 5 years. This rapid review examines recent evidence regarding interventions that have been shown to improve the health of homeless people, with particular focus on the effect of these interventions on housing status. Methods A total of 1,546 articles were identified by a structured search of five electronic databases, a hand search of grey literature and relevant journals, and contact with experts. Two reviewers independently screened the first 10% of titles and abstracts for relevance. Inter-rater reliability was high and as a result only one reviewer screened the remaining titles and abstracts. Articles were included if they were published between January 2004 and December 2009 and examined the effectiveness of an intervention to improve the health or healthcare utilization of people who were homeless, marginally housed, or at risk of homelessness. Two reviewers independently scored all relevant articles for quality. Results Eighty-four relevant studies were identified; none were of strong quality while ten were rated of moderate quality. For homeless people with mental illness, provision of housing upon hospital discharge was effective in improving sustained housing. For homeless people with substance abuse issues or concurrent disorders, provision of housing was associated with decreased substance use, relapses from periods of substance abstinence, and health services utilization, and increased housing tenure. Abstinent dependent housing was more effective in supporting housing status, substance abstinence, and improved psychiatric outcomes than non-abstinence dependent housing or no housing. Provision of housing also improved health outcomes among homeless populations with HIV. Health promotion programs can decrease risk behaviours among homeless populations. Conclusions These studies provide important new evidence regarding interventions to improve health, housing status, and access to healthcare for homeless populations. The additional studies included in this current review provide further support for earlier evidence which found that coordinated treatment programs for homeless persons with concurrent mental illness and substance misuse issues usually result in better health and access to healthcare than usual care. This review also provides a synthesis of existing evidence regarding interventions that specifically support homeless populations with HIV. PMID:21831318

2011-01-01

91

Alcohol, drugs and Australian young people.  

PubMed

Experimentation with alcohol and other drugs is often seen as a normal part of adolescent development. The harm associated with substance misuse in young people include injury, violent behaviour, sexual risk taking, drink-driving, overdose, toxicity and death (1-4). Australian young people are drinking alcohol and using illicit substances at an earlier age than previous cohorts (5). hey are more likely to binge drink, have poly-substance use and are at risk of co-morbid mental health problems (1-3). The reasons young people use drugs are complex and varied. An effective response to illicit drug use by young people has to be holistic, as complex and varied as the needs it addresses. It must seek to prevent minimize and manage harm caused by drug use and must be provided to and involve young people in the context of their family, peer group, school and community. Reaching out to young people with drug and alcohol problems is everyone's responsibility. Australia has developed specific prevention and early intervention programs for young people at risk of substance abuse however, further research and development is still needed for effective prevention, early intervention and treatment programs. PMID:17937140

Milne, Bronwyn; Bell, James; Lampropoulos, Basiliki; Towns, Susan

2007-01-01

92

Homelessness and Drug Abuse among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in New York City: A Preliminary Epidemiological Trajectory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N=569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset of drug and…

Clatts, Michael C.; Goldsamt, Lloyd; Yi, Huso; Gwadz, Marya Viorst

2005-01-01

93

Encouraging HIV risk-reduction behaviors and testing with people experiencing homelessness.  

PubMed

In keeping with the Cafés philosophy of reciprocal transformation, the students and guests both were effected and changed by the encounter. The guests actively participated in the intervention, discussed HIV risk-reduction behaviors, and shared their knowledge with others. Participation in the onsite HIV testing project increased, and the guests, Café staff, and the program coordinator of the agency providing HIV testing expressed gratitude for the student intervention. The students were effected as well. Although all of the students had seen people who were homeless, none had had a sustained encounter with this population. Most students entered the experience uneasy. Some were fearful or had negative stereotypical impressions. As the students spent time with the guests and shared stories, they grew more at ease, and a feeling of connection developed. The students began to know more about the guests in terms of place, family, and abilities, not just their 'homeless' label. The students commented: Having been raised in an upper middle class environment most of my life, spending time in this type of community is something that I had little experience with. [I have a] greater awareness of the [need] for serving as an advocate. Through interaction at the Café [my] stereotypes of the homeless were proven incorrect. I know I will not take my own life and my living situation for granted ever again. The intervention provided experiences [that] cannot be measured. ...relationships were formed and hearts touched. I don't want to leave. I want to come back. These comments suggest the students had their eyes opened in new ways and left with a deeper connection to and understanding of the guests and people living at the edges of society. PMID:12661716

Connor, Ann

2003-03-01

94

Young People and Migration from Contemporary Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young Polish migrants to the UK are often portrayed as being highly educated and mobile: willing nomads who are privileged to be able to take advantage of new opportunities for travel and work abroad offered by European Union membership. However, there are also less well-educated young people who adopt migration as a livelihood strategy in…

White, Anne

2010-01-01

95

Asset Building for and by Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the four preceding articles on youth and saving, identifies policy and program implications, and suggests directions for future scholarship. It is clear that saving is difficult for many people and throughout the life course. Efforts to help young people accumulate assets might encourage saving by parents, encourage saving…

Beverly, Sondra G.

2013-01-01

96

Prevalence of tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus, and HIV in homeless people: a systematic review and meta-analysis  

PubMed Central

Summary Background 100 million people worldwide are homeless; rates of mortality and morbidity are high in this population. The contribution of infectious diseases to these adverse outcomes is uncertain. Accurate estimates of prevalence data are important for public policy and planning and development of clinical services tailored to homeless people. We aimed to establish the prevalence of tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus, and HIV in homeless people. Methods We searched PubMed, Embase, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature for studies of the prevalence of tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus, and HIV in homeless populations. We also searched bibliographic indices, scanned reference lists, and corresponded with authors. We explored potential sources of heterogeneity in the estimates by metaregression analysis and calculated prevalence ratios to compare prevalence estimates for homeless people with those for the general population. Findings We identified 43 eligible surveys with a total population of 63?812 (59?736 homeless individuals when duplication due to overlapping samples was accounted for). Prevalences ranged from 0·2% to 7·7% for tuberculosis, 3·9% to 36·2% for hepatitis C virus infection, and 0·3% to 21·1% for HIV infection. We noted substantial heterogeneity in prevalence estimates for tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus infection, and HIV infection (all Cochran's ?2 significant at p<0·0001; I2=83%, 95% CI 76–89; 95%, 94–96; and 94%, 93–95; respectively). Prevalence ratios ranged from 34 to 452 for tuberculosis, 4 to 70 for hepatitis C virus infection, and 1 to 77 for HIV infection. Tuberculosis prevalence was higher in studies in which diagnosis was by chest radiography than in those which used other diagnostic methods and in countries with a higher general population prevalence than in those with a lower general prevalence. Prevalence of HIV infection was lower in newer studies than in older ones and was higher in the USA than in the rest of the world. Interpretation Heterogeneity in prevalence estimates for tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus, and HIV suggests the need for local surveys to inform development of health services for homeless people. The role of targeted and population-based measures in the reduction of risks of infectious diseases, premature mortality, and other adverse outcomes needs further examination. Guidelines for screening and treatment of infectious diseases in homeless people might need to be reviewed. Funding The Wellcome Trust. PMID:22914343

Beijer, Ulla; Wolf, Achim; Fazel, Seena

2012-01-01

97

Homelessness and theory reconsidered  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theory will not directly explain the development of policy and provision for homeless people, but it is an important consideration and one deserving of careful attention. In the UK, however, homelessness has often been explained simplistically and somewhat atheoretically as either a housing or a welfare problem, caused either by structural or by individual factors. Likewise, homeless people have been

Joanne Neale

1997-01-01

98

Homelessness and health  

Microsoft Academic Search

HOMELESSNESS AFFECTS TENS OF THOUSANDS OF CANADIANS and has important health implications. Homeless people are at increased risk of dying prematurely and suffer from a wide range of health problems, including seizures, chronic obstructive pul- monary disease, musculoskeletal disorders, tuberculosis, and skin and foot prob- lems. Homeless people also face significant barriers that impair their access to health care. More

Stephen W. Hwang

99

"Something to Smile About": An Evaluation of a Capacity-Building Oral Health Intervention for Staff Working with Homeless People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To use a qualitative exploration to evaluate whether "Something to Smile About" (STSA), an oral health intervention, had increased the oral health capacity of staff working with homeless people. Setting: A National Health Service board area in Scotland. Method: A purposive sample of 14 staff members from STSA-participating organizations…

Coles, Emma; Watt, Celia; Freeman, Ruth

2013-01-01

100

Cool with Change: Young People and Family Change   

E-print Network

Cool with Change breaks new grounds by combining in-depth research of young people’s experience of family change in Scotland, reflection by service providers on the implications for their services and consultation with young people about possible...

Highet, Gill; Jamieson, Lynn

101

Impact of nursing intervention on improving HIV, hepatitis knowledge and mental health among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge and HBV and HCV knowledge at 6 months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group. PMID:22797748

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-04-01

102

Impact of Nursing Intervention on Improving HIV, Hepatitis Knowledge and Mental Health among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge, and HBV and HCV knowledge at six months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group. PMID:22797748

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

103

Delayed sleep onset in depressed young people  

PubMed Central

Background The circadian abnormality of delayed sleep phase has been suggested to characterise a subgroup of depressed young adults with different risk factors and course of illness. We aim to assess the prevalence and factors, particularly substance use, associated with such delay in a large help-seeking cohort of young people with mental health problems. Methods From a consecutively recruited sample of 802 help-seeking young people, 305 (38%) had at least moderate depressive symptoms (QIDS-C16 >10), sleep data and did not have a chronic severe mental illness. Demographic and clinical characteristics were evaluated through self report and clinical interview. Delayed sleep phase was defined as a sleep onset between the hours of 02:00 a.m. – 06:00 a.m. and the characteristics of this group were compared to normal phase sleepers. Results Delayed sleep onset was reported amongst 18% (n?=?56/305) of the depressed group compared to 11% of the non-depressed young people. Amongst the depressed group, delayed sleep onset was associated with tobacco, alcohol and cannabis misuse and short sleep duration (x?: 5.8 hrs vs. x?: 7.8 hrs). There were no differences in demographic factors, personality traits or symptoms. Tobacco smoking was very common: In logistic regression analyses only tobacco use (OR 2.28, 95% CI: 1.04 - 5.01) was associated with delayed sleep onset. There was no interaction with age. Conclusions Delayed sleep onset was twice as common in depressed young people as the general population and young people with other mental health problems, and is a potential marker for a subgroup of mood disorders. Those with delayed sleep onset were not more severely depressed but had short sleep duration, a risk for chronic psychological ill health, and higher levels of tobacco use. Nicotine use was common in this group, has biological evidence as a sleep disrupter, and requires specifically addressing in this population. PMID:24506941

2014-01-01

104

How General Practitioners Determine Young People's Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, 300 doctors in Victoria were asked to make decisions about a hypothetical patient's competence and confidentiality. It appears that assumptions embedded in relevant law, the vague nature of existing legal criteria and the diversity in assessment practices all have the potential to act as obstacles to young people's claim to…

Bartholomew, Terence

2009-01-01

105

Peer Led Focus Groups and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer led focus groups, a qualitative social science research method, and their use with young people are examined. The paper outlines three developments that have contributed to their emergence, namely: traditional focus groups, peer education and participatory research. Drawing on a study in progress, the advantages and challenges associated with…

Murray, Cathy

2006-01-01

106

Young People in the Secondary Employment Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The phrase "secondary employment" has been familiar to the majority of Russians since back in the Soviet era, and can reasonably be viewed as part of a broader process of adaptation to new economic conditions since the end of the late 1980s. With young people, however, this approach to the phenomenon of secondary employment is not entirely…

Zvonovskii, V.; Belousova, R.

2007-01-01

107

Young People's Experiences of Mental Health Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen in-depth interviews were conducted to explore young people's experiences of mental health care in Australia with the aim of informing the headspace National Youth Mental Health Foundation. The interviews revealed that significant numbers of respondents had been aware of their mental health problems for several years before seeking help and…

Cohen, Anjalee; Medlow, Sharon; Kelk, Norm; Hickie, Ian; Whitwell, Bradley

2009-01-01

108

Young People: Social Justice and Multiculturalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains ideas and information to assist community workers in coming to terms with the realities of ethnic diversity; to make a deliberate and positive commitment to multiculturalism; and, within a social-justice framework, to deliver programs and resources to young people in a way that genuinely accommodates such diversity. It is…

Guerra, Carmel, Comp.

109

Videogames and Young People With Developmental Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people with developmental disorders experience difficulties with many cognitive and perceptual tasks, and often suffer social impairments. Yet, like typical youth, many appear to enjoy playing videogames. This review considers the appeal of videogames to individuals with autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and specific language impairment. It examines how they respond to the various challenges that play

Kevin Durkin

2010-01-01

110

The Economic Education of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the economic conditions that are new to Russia, young people are subjected to the influence of many factors. On the one hand, they are compelled to put up opposition to the economic system, while on the other hand they are compelled to be actively involved in it. In either case they have to solve the problem of how to survive in the system.…

Prutchenkov, A.; Teriukova, T.

2010-01-01

111

Music for Engaging Young People in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two music programs were developed specifically to meet therapeutic objectives for newly arrived immigrant and refugee students and for adolescent boys in a residential care facility. The author's observations justify further research to establish whether music can support and nurture the social, physical and mental wellbeing of young people,…

Cheong-Clinch, Carmen

2009-01-01

112

SPRING 2004 the Homeless  

E-print Network

SPRING 2004 Hope for the Homeless U of M Alumni Making a Difference #12;Above: Spring and all its play key roles in getting homeless people back on track as Memphis and Shelby County push to end chronic homelessness by 2013. Photograph by Michael Spikes. Illustration by Aaron Drown. #12;issue

Dasgupta, Dipankar

113

Modeling minority stress effects on homelessness and health disparities among young men who have sex with men.  

PubMed

Sexual minority youth are more likely to experience homelessness, and homeless sexual minority youth report greater risk for mental health and substance abuse symptoms than homeless heterosexual youth, yet few studies have assessed determinants that help explain the disparities. Minority stress theory proposes that physical and mental health disparities among sexual minority populations may be explained by the stress produced by living in heterosexist social environments characterized by stigma and discrimination directed toward sexual minority persons. We used data from a sample of 200 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) (38 % African American, 26.5 % Latino/Hispanic, 23.5 % White, 12 % multiracial/other) to develop an exploratory path model measuring the effects of experience and internalization of sexual orientation stigma on depression and substance use via being kicked out of home due to sexual orientation and current homelessness. Direct significant paths were found from experience of sexual orientation-related stigma to internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma, having been kicked out of one's home, experiencing homelessness during the past year, and major depressive symptoms during the past week. Having been kicked out of one's home had a direct significant effect on experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months and on daily marijuana use. Internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma and experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months partially mediated the direct effect of experience of sexual orientation-related stigma on major depressive symptoms. Our empirical testing of the effects of minority stress on health of YMSM advances minority stress theory as a framework for investigating health disparities among this population. PMID:24807702

Bruce, Douglas; Stall, Ron; Fata, Aimee; Campbell, Richard T

2014-06-01

114

Homelessness: A General Information Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains documents that provide general information about homelessness and the need for both Federal and local action to help the homeless people in America. Sections 1 and 2 contain the following articles released by the Homelessness Information Exchange: (1) "The Problem of Homelessness Nationwide"; and "Alternative Family Housing…

Homelessness Exchange, Washington, DC.

115

Supporting Homeless Youth during the Transition to Adulthood: Housing-Based Independent Living Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While many young people depend on parental financial and emotional support well past the age of 18, those who are homeless must make the transition to adulthood without that support. This article discusses the needs of homeless youth as they transition to adulthood. It then describes three housing-based independent living programs designed to…

Dworsky, Amy

2010-01-01

116

Attachment of Young People to Their Home District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on young people's attachment to their home district. The purpose of this study was to establish how attached young people aged 17 were to their home district and what factors were involved in young people's attachment to their home districts. The structure of the young people's lives was studied on the basis of…

Sinkkonen, Merja

2013-01-01

117

A typology of young people's Internet use: Implications for education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from a nationally representative survey of over a 1000 young people in the UK this paper proposes a typology of the ways young people are using the Internet outside formal educational settings; and examines the individual and contextual factors that help to explain why young people are using the Internet in this way. Specifically, this paper addresses two

Rebecca Eynon; Lars-Erik Malmberg

2011-01-01

118

A Typology of Young People's Internet Use: Implications for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a nationally representative survey of over a 1000 young people in the UK this paper proposes a typology of the ways young people are using the Internet outside formal educational settings; and examines the individual and contextual factors that help to explain why young people are using the Internet in this way. Specifically, this…

Eynon, Rebecca; Malmberg, Lars-Erik

2011-01-01

119

Young People's Wellbeing: Contradictions in Managing the Healthy Self  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the contradictions and complexities of young people's management of their health and wellbeing. It argues that it is important to understand how young people actively produce health outcomes, drawing substantially on themes developed in my recent book on young people and wellbeing (Wyn, 2009). The background to this…

Wyn, Johanna

2009-01-01

120

Resisting Participation: Critiquing Participatory Research Methodologies with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participatory methodologies are increasingly employed in research with young people. These practices stem from a desire to reduce problematic distributions of power in research and to construct knowledge with young people rather than for them. This paper examines research conducted with a small group of young people experiencing exclusion from…

Fox, Rachael

2013-01-01

121

Civic-Mindedness, Patriotism, and the Upbringing of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics of the position of "young people" as a subject of social partnership during the period of the transformation of Russian society can be characterized by the relationship of young people with work, politics, education, and the state. The authors surveys of young people during the 1990s in the Tiumen Region provide evidence of…

Gavriliuk, V. V.; Malenkov, V. V.

2008-01-01

122

From Ambivalence to Activism: Young People's Environmental Views and Actions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do young people really take a particular interest in environmental issues, or are they apathetic? This paper considers what young people really think about the environment by drawing together and reviewing attitudinal polling and other research into young people's views. It seeks to challenge simplistic assumptions, and instead acknowledges the…

Partridge, Emma

2008-01-01

123

Developing a "Productive" Account of Young People's Transition Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on the first two years of a longitudinal study of young people's pathway and career-related experiences and perspectives. It argues for a richer conceptualisation of young people's transition to study, training and employment than what simple school-to-labour market models allow. We present four clusters of young people's…

Vaughan, Karen; Roberts, Josie

2007-01-01

124

Treating abdominal pain in young people.  

PubMed

A common complaint in children, abdominal pain can be clinically challenging for healthcare professionals to diagnose and treat. Accurate assessment and thorough investigations, combined with the measurement and monitoring of vital signs, are essential to eliminate any underlying conditions. Self-reporting tools can be used to aid communication with children, who may have difficulties articulating their thoughts and feelings. This article refers to a case study to discuss the care of children who present to emergency departments (EDs) with abdominal pain. It suggests that children's nursing students can be valuable assets in busy EDs because they have the knowledge and skills required to care for young people. PMID:25659796

McVeigh, Grace; Cardwell, Pauline

2015-02-01

125

Homelessness in Augusta, Georgia. Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies examined homelessness in Augusta, Georgia. The Key Informant Survey, conducted in 1987, involved interviewing individuals (N=42) knowledgeable about homeless people in the community. In the Shelter and Street Surveys of homeless people, conducted in March (N=51) and July (N=71) of 1988, homeless subjects were interviewed concerning…

George, Shirley A.; Bennett, Gerald

126

Young Children and Their Families Who Are Homeless. A University Affiliated Program's Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph describes a University Affiliated Program's (UAP) initiative that targets the development needs of children from birth to 5 years of age who are homeless and the services and supports provided to their families. The Georgetown University Child Development Center, the UAP for the District of Columbia, has implemented a homelessness

Taylor, Tawara D.; Brown, Marisa C.

127

Exploring Health Priorities for Young People Leaving Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Care-leavers are considered amongst the most vulnerable and disadvantaged group of young people with worse health outcomes than their peers. However, there is limited evidence to suggest how this can be improved, particularly from the perspective of the young people themselves. The aim of this study was to explore the health priorities of young

Matthews, Susan; Sykes, Susie

2012-01-01

128

Estrangement Factors Associated with Addiction to Alcohol and Drugs among Homeless Youth in Three U. S. Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance use is highly prevalent among homeless, street-involved young people. Societal estrangement is often associated with substance use, particularly among this population. The current study sought to identify four domains of social estrangement (disaffiliation, human capital, identification with homeless culture, and psychological…

Thompson, Sanna; Jun, Jina; Bender, Kimberly; Ferguson, Kristin M.; Pollio, David E.

2010-01-01

129

Correlates of hepatitis B virus and HIV knowledge among gay and bisexual homeless young adults in Hollywood.  

PubMed

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) young men have multiple risk factors that increase their risk of contracting hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This study used baseline information from structured instruments to assess correlates of knowledge to HIV and HBV infection from 267 young (18-39 year old) G/B active methamphetamine, cocaine, and crack-using homeless men enrolled in a longitudinal trial. The study is designed to reduce drug use and improve knowledge of hepatitis and HIV/AIDS in a community center in Hollywood, California. Regression modeling revealed that previous hepatitis education delivered to G/B men was associated with higher levels of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis knowledge. Moreover, higher HIV/AIDS knowledge was associated with combining sex and drinking alcohol. Associations with hepatitis B knowledge was found among G/B men who were engaging in sex while under the influence of marijuana, who were receiving support from non-drug users, and who had been homeless in the last 4 months. Although being informed about HIV/AIDS and hepatitis did not preclude risky sexual and drug use behavior, knowledge about the dangers of concurrent sex with substance use is important. As higher levels of knowledge of hepatitis was associated with more moderate drug use, early access to testing and teaching harm reduction strategies remain critical to reduce exposure and infection of HBV and HIV in this population. PMID:22879650

Nyamathi, Adeline; Salem, Benissa; Reback, Cathy J; Shoptaw, Steven; Branson, Catherine M; Idemundia, Faith E; Kennedy, Barbara; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Liu, Yihang

2013-01-01

130

Correlates of Hepatitis B Virus and HIV Knowledge among Gay and Bisexual Homeless Young Adults in Hollywood  

PubMed Central

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) young men have multiple risk factors which increase their risk of contracting hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This study used baseline information from structured instruments to assess correlates of knowledge to HIV and HBV infection from a 267 young (18–39 year old) gay/bisexual (G/B) active methamphetamine, cocaine and crack-using homeless men enrolled in a longitudinal trial. The study is designed to reduce drug use and improve knowledge of hepatitis and HIV/AIDS in a community center in Hollywood California. Regression modeling revealed that previous hepatitis education delivered to G/B men was associated with higher levels of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis knowledge. Moreover, higher HIV/AIDS knowledge was associated with combining sex and drinking alcohol. Associations with hepatitis B knowledge was found among G/B men who were engaging in sex while under the influence of marijuana, who were receiving support from non-drug users, and who had been homeless in the last four months. While being informed about HIV/AIDS and hepatitis did not preclude risky sexual and drug use behavior, knowledge about the dangers of concurrent sex with substance use is important. As higher levels of knowledge of hepatitis was associated with more moderate drug use, early access to testing and teaching harm reduction strategies remains critical to reduce exposure and infection of HBV and HIV in this population. PMID:22879650

Nyamathi, Adeline; Salem, Benissa; Reback, Cathy J.; Shoptaw, Steven; Branson, Catherine M.; Idemundia, Faith E.; Kennedy, Barbara; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Liu, Yihang

2013-01-01

131

Exploring Young People's Beliefs and Images about Sun Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand young people's low levels of sun protection behaviour, 145 young people (aged 12 to 20 years) were recruited from Queensland, to participate in a one-hour focus group where they discussed issues related to sun protection and images of tanned and non-tanned people. Responses were content analysed to identify common sun protection…

White, K. M.; Robinson, N. G.; Young, R. McD.; Anderson, P. J.; Hyde, M. K.; Greenbank, S.; Keane, J.; Rolfe, T.; Vardon, P.; Baskerville, D.

2008-01-01

132

The New Homelessness Revisited  

PubMed Central

The ‘new homelessness’ has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Contributions by sociologists and other social scientists since the mid-1990s differentiate among types of homelessness, provide credible demographic estimates, and show how being homeless affects a person's life chances and coping strategies. Agreement also exists about the main macro- and micro-level causes of homelessness. Active lines of inquiry examine public, media, and governmental responses to the problem as well as homeless people's efforts to mobilize on their own behalf. Despite the obstacles faced when studying a stigmatized population marked by high turnover and weak anchors to place, recent investigations have significantly influenced homelessness policy. A greater emphasis on prevention should further strengthen the research-policy nexus. PMID:24910495

Lee, Barrett A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.; Wright, James D.

2014-01-01

133

State of Australia's Young People: A Report on the Social, Economic, Health and Family Lives of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a comprehensive picture of how young Australians are faring by bringing together data from a variety of sources and drawing on the comments of young people themselves. Overall the report presents a positive picture, showing how important young people are to this country and why it makes good economic and social sense for…

Muir, Kristy; Mullan, Killian; Powell, Abigail; Flaxman, Saul; Thompson, Denise; Griffiths, Megan

2009-01-01

134

Project Jump: Young People's Perspectives on a Sexual Health Drama Project for Hard to Reach Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the qualitative process findings from an evaluation of Project Jump--a sexual health drama project for hard to reach young people. Project Jump aimed to enable young people to consider their sexual behaviour and its impact and consequence on other people and themselves. The research aimed to capture the experiences and…

Orme, Judy; Salmon, Debra; Mages, Linda

2007-01-01

135

Exploring young people's perceptions of smoking images in youth magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Although research has shown,that cigarette advertising can influence smoking among young people, no studies have looked at young people's perceptions of other media images of smoking. This paper describes how,focus groups were used to explore the way young people in two age groups (12-13 and 15-16 years) interpreted fashion photographs ,from ,youth magazines which contained smoking images, their percep-

David Gray; Amanda Amos; Candace Currie

1996-01-01

136

Evidence that theory of planned behaviour variables mediate the effects of socio-demographic variables on homeless people's participation in service programmes.  

PubMed

This article reports findings from two studies (N = 88, N = 100) using Ajzen's theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to predict homeless people's uptake of service programmes. Study 1 was conducted with an opportunity sample whereas Study 2 employed a representative sample. Both studies provide support for the application of the TPB, and demonstrate that the effects of demographic characteristics on behaviour were mediated by TPB variables. The discussion focuses on the role of attitudinal and normative components in actual behaviour, and on the potential role of social normative processes and stigmatization in homeless people's uptake of services. PMID:17855464

Christian, Julie; Armitage, Christopher J; Abrams, Dominic

2007-09-01

137

Let's Ask the Homeless People Themselves: A Needs Assessment Based on a Probability Sample of Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

A probability sample of 301 homeless adults from Buffalo, NY, was followed over 6 months to document the utilization of a variety of community services, examine services desired, and identify factors associated with service utilization, preference, and satisfaction. The following needs were all rated as at least equally important as the need for affordable housing: safety, education, transportation, medical\\/dental treatment,

Olga Acosta; Paul A. Toro

2000-01-01

138

The effectiveness of critical time intervention for abused women and homeless people leaving Dutch shelters: study protocol of two randomised controlled trials  

PubMed Central

Background One of the main priorities of Dutch organisations providing shelter services is to develop evidence-based interventions in the care for abused women and homeless people. To date, most of these organisations have not used specific intervention models and the interventions which have been implemented rarely have an empirical and theoretical foundation. The present studies aim to examine the effectiveness of critical time intervention (CTI) for abused women and homeless people. Methods In two multi-centre randomised controlled trials we investigate whether CTI, a time-limited (nine month) outreach intervention, is more effective than care-as-usual for abused women and homeless people making the transition from shelter facilities to supported or independent housing. Participants were recruited in 19 women’s shelter facilities and 22 homeless shelter facilities across The Netherlands and randomly allocated to the intervention group (CTI) or the control group (care-as-usual). They were interviewed four times in nine months: once before leaving the shelter, and then at three, six and nine months after leaving the shelter. Quality of life (primary outcome for abused women) and recurrent loss of housing (primary outcome for homeless people) as well as secondary outcomes (e.g. care needs, self-esteem, loneliness, social support, substance use, psychological distress and service use) were assessed during the interviews. In addition, the model integrity of CTI was investigated during the data collection period. Discussion Based on international research CTI is expected to be an appropriate intervention for clients making the transition from institutional to community living. If CTI proves to be effective for abused women and homeless people, shelter services could include this case management model in their professional standards and improve the (quality of) services for clients. Trial registration NTR3463 and NTR3425

2013-01-01

139

Young People and Public Space: Developing inclusive policy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues about young people's use of public and community spaces are now commonly raised in many countries. As urban space becomes more intensely used and the patterns of use of various types of space changes so a range of tensions have emerged for a range of parties including local government, shopping centre management, youth services and young people themselves. This

Phil Crane

140

On Young People's Experience of Systems in Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immersed in a technologically complex world, young people make sense of a multi-faceted set of events in everyday life. This article investigates the variation in how Swedish young people experience technological systems and is based on interviews focusing three systems concerning transport, energy and communication--contextualised in relation to…

Svensson, Maria; Zetterqvist, Ann; Ingerman, Ake

2012-01-01

141

Young People's Day in Court: Part II 29 April 2014  

E-print Network

Young People's Day in Court: Part II 29 April 2014 James Hansen The U.S. Court of Appeals illuminating, not only for young people in attendance, but the public at large. There is concern, possibly in the very near future, when the public will be ready to support actions to deal with climate

Hansen, James E.

142

Youth "At Risk"? Young People, Sexual Health and Consent  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, there is a growing expectation that sexuality education should reduce the risks associated with youth sex by providing young people with information on protecting their sexual health. However, this information may be insufficient to ensure that young people make choices that support their sexual safety and autonomy. This paper…

Powell, Anastasia

2007-01-01

143

Young People and Democratic Rights, Discrimination and Disadvantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Youth Electoral Study (YES) examines why ,many young people (ages 15-25) are reluctant to exercise their democratic right of suffrage. YES considers the Australian context, however low youth turnout has beeni dentifiedas a concern inm anyot herdem ocratic nations. YES methodology includes focus groups conducted with a broad range of young people and a written survey distributed to

Kathy Edwards

144

Picturing the city: young people's representations of urban environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban environments form the setting of everyday life for most Western young people. This article explores visual representations of cities made by young people in a range of environments within four countries. The findings inform a larger study on urban geographies within geography education. We analyse students' drawings of cities regarding physical characteristics, activities and issues. There are many commonalities

Tine Béneker; Rickie Sanders; Sirpa Tani; Liz Taylor

2010-01-01

145

Agency in the Social Biographies of Young People in Belgrade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article deals with the formation of the social biographies of young people through the interplay of structure and agency. The aim is to provide a grounded typology of patterns of young people's agency within the process of shaping social biographies. The structural context addressed in the article consists of family resources and habitus. The…

Tomanovic, Smiljka

2012-01-01

146

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on rural youth in Russia shows that keeping qualified and ambitious young people in the rural economy will require creating conditions for young people to exercise initiative in the rural economy and diminishing the gap in quality of life between rural and urban environments. Only in this way can the pessimism of rural youth be overcome.

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2013-01-01

147

Under curfew and under siege? Legal geographies of young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against a backdrop of widespread panic about children's safety and the unruliness of teenagers, efforts to remove young people from public space are becoming increasingly pervasive. Public space is being constructed as adult space through legal mechanisms such as curfews, which seek to curtail young people's spatial freedoms and contain them within their homes. Ostensibly motivated by a desire to

Damian C. A. Collins; Robin A. Kearns

2001-01-01

148

British Muslim Young People: Facts, Features and Religious Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the terrorist attacks of 7 July 2005, British Muslim young people have come under unprecedented public scrutiny. In the popular imagination the words ‘Muslim’ and ‘youth’ together most often trigger associations with violent extremism. The uninformed may be surprised to learn that the vast majority of Muslim young people have no interest in radical religious ideas but are more

Sadek Hamid

2011-01-01

149

Youth Work with Vulnerable Young People. Interchange No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was conducted in Scotland to evaluate the effectiveness of youth work with vulnerable young people, primarily between the ages of 13 and 16. Four complementary methods were adopted: (1) a survey of secondary school students; (2) a series of focus group interviews with young people with experience of youth work; (3) interviews with…

Powney, Janet; Furlong, Andy; Cartmel, Fred; Hall, Stuart

150

Problematising depression: young people, mental health and suicidal behaviours  

Microsoft Academic Search

The published literature provides strong evidence for connections between mental health issues, such as depression, and suicidal behaviours. However, in spite of this, no investigations to date have explored young people's perceptions of the interconnections between depression, and suicidal behaviours. This article presents discussive analyses of discussions of the contributions of depression to their suicidal behaviours of young people in

Sara Bennett; Carolyn Coggan; Peter Adams

2003-01-01

151

Productions of space: civic participation of young people at university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civic participation of young people around the world is routinely described in deficit terms, as they are labelled apathetic, devoid of political knowledge, disengaged from the community and self?absorbed. This paper argues that the connectivity of time, space and social values are integral to understanding the performances of young people as civic subjects. Today’s youth negotiate unstable social, economic and

Mary Ryan

2011-01-01

152

Productions of space: civic participation of young people at university  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civic participation of young people around the world is routinely described in deficit terms, as they are labelled apathetic, devoid of political knowledge, disengaged from the community and self?absorbed. This paper argues that the connectivity of time, space and social values are integral to understanding the performances of young people as civic subjects. Today’s youth negotiate unstable social, economic and

Mary Ryan

2010-01-01

153

Socio-Demographic Vulnerability: The Condition of Italian Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For a kind of inertia effect, today the Italian welfare state protects the older too much and, on the contrary, it does not counter sufficiently the new risks associated with other phases of life. Not much seems to be implemented in favour of Italian young people who, as a matter of fact, seem to suffer a lot from the present changes: young people

Busetta, A.; Milito, A. M.

2010-01-01

154

Dancing beyond exercise: young people's experiences in dance classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dance classes in urban settings may have a role in health-promotion programmes seeking to increase physical activity amongst young people. However, little is so far known about the motivations, experiences or health outcomes of those participating in dance classes. This qualitative study of young people attending recreational dance classes addressed motivations, the nature of the class experience, and implications for

Sally May Gardner; Paul Komesaroff; Rachel Fensham

2008-01-01

155

Adolescents' Beliefs about Why Young People Commit Crime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to obtain adolescents' perspectives about why young people offend. Twenty-four Australian male and female offenders and non-offenders offered insights about what, according to them, motivates young people to become involved in crime. Without the use of sophisticated language, participants offered explanations that…

Skrzypiec, Grace

2013-01-01

156

Young People's Perspectives on Health: Empowerment, or Risk?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Research to date has identified young people's perspectives on a number of health-related topics such as smoking, alcohol, sexual health, physical activity and healthy eating. Whilst this body of research draws important attention towards young people's views on topical health concerns, it arguably remains located within a pre-defined…

Spencer, Grace

2013-01-01

157

A Study of Young Lesbian and Gay People's School Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This retrospective study used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to explore young lesbian and gay (LG) people's experiences of school in relation to their sexuality and their perceptions of how schools could be inclusive for young LG people. Participants were in the age range of 16 to 21 and provided insights into coping strategies,…

Robinson, Kathryn

2010-01-01

158

Substance Use among Young People Living in Residential State Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Existing empirical evidence on substance use among young people living in residential state care during adolescence is comparatively limited. This paper reports on substance use trends of young people living in residential state care during three annual data-sweeps when aged 14, 15 and 16 years. A repeated cross-sectional research design was…

McCrystal, Patrick; Percy, Andrew; Higgins, Kathryn

2008-01-01

159

Sexual Assemblages: Mobile Phones/Young People/School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asks, what more can we think in relation to debates around young people's use of mobile phones at school? Rather than attempting to answer the question of whether mobile phones are "good" or "bad" for young people, this paper recasts the debate's ontological underpinnings. To do this feminist appropriations…

Allen, Louisa

2015-01-01

160

Paying Young People to Learn--Does It Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Maintenance Allowance (EMA) was designed to encourage more young people from lower-income households to participate in post-compulsory education. This has been extended to other groups of young people, most notably those who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) or in jobs without training (JWT). This paper presents…

Maguire, Sue

2008-01-01

161

Identity work: young disabled people, family and sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has long been recognised that family is an important arena in which sporting tastes and interests are nurtured. Indeed, for many young people the family introduces them to and then provides ongoing support for engaging in sport. Research has also indicated that the family has a significant position in the lives of young disabled people. In this paper we

Hayley Fitzgerald; David Kirk

2009-01-01

162

What Do Young People Today Really Think about Jesus?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the key findings of a recent study investigating young people's knowledge and understanding of Jesus and demonstrates how young people today appear to be experiencing the same difficulties when engaging with the figure of Jesus in the religious education classroom as they did almost 40 years ago. It concludes by suggesting…

Walshe, Karen

2005-01-01

163

Young Dutch People's Experiences of Trading Sex: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the subject of transactional sex among young Dutch people has generated a heated social debate in the Netherlands. However, accurate data on this phenomenon are scarce. This article describes the findings of a qualitative study on young Dutch people's experiences of having sex in return for money or a material reward. Thirty in-depth interviews were conducted with

Robert van de Walle; Charles Picavet; Willy van Berlo; Arnoud Verhoeff

2011-01-01

164

Cognitive Appraisals in Young People with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: A number of cognitive appraisals have been identified as important in the manifestation of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in adults. There have, however, been few attempts to explore these cognitive appraisals in clinical groups of young people. Method: This study compared young people aged between 11 and 18 years with OCD (N =…

Libby, Sarah; Reynolds, Shirley; Derisley, Jo; Clark, Sarah

2004-01-01

165

Representing young people's sexuality in the 'youth' media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports findings from a content analysis of the main messages about sexuality in media outlets consumed by young people. It examines how sexuality is represented and the level of sexual health information provided in some UK magazines and TV programmes targeted at young people. Our findings show that such outlets included a vast range of useful discussion including

S. A. Batchelor; J. Kitzinger; E. Burtney

2004-01-01

166

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural young people in today's Russia have the ability to contribute to Russia's development, but conditions in the Russian countryside do not provide opportunities for them to do so. Potentially, rural young people represent an innovative resource of social, economic, and cultural development, a vital factor of the material and intellectual…

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2012-01-01

167

Productions of Space: Civic Participation of Young People at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Civic participation of young people around the world is routinely described in deficit terms, as they are labelled apathetic, devoid of political knowledge, disengaged from the community and self-absorbed. This paper argues that the connectivity of time, space and social values are integral to understanding the performances of young people as…

Ryan, Mary

2011-01-01

168

Stories about Physical Education from Young People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on young people with disabilities and mainstream physical education in England. Within this context there have been unprecedented levels of funding and resources directed towards physical education in order to support more inclusive physical education experiences for all young people, including those with disabilities.…

Fitzgerald, Hayley; Stride, Annette

2012-01-01

169

Stories about Physical Education from Young People with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on young people with disabilities and mainstream physical education in England. Within this context there have been unprecedented levels of funding and resources directed towards physical education in order to support more inclusive physical education experiences for all young people, including those with disabilities. Physical education holds a unique place within the school curriculum; it is a

Hayley Fitzgerald; Annette Stride

2012-01-01

170

Homelessness and Hunger?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We employ data from the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients to examine the character and correlates of hunger among homeless people. Our analysis, couched in an adaptation framework, finds more support for the differentiation hypothesis than for the leveling hypothesis: Complex patterns of food insecurity exist at the individual level, and they vary with the resources available

Barrett A. Lee; Meredith J. Greif

2008-01-01

171

Homelessness and Dual Diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

People who are dually diagnosed with severe mental illness and substance use disorders constitute 10%–20% of homeless persons. They are a heterogeneous and extremely vulnerable subgroup with complex, poorly understood needs. In this article recent research on the epidemiology, subject characteristics, and service needs of the dually diagnosed homeless population is reviewed. Also, the range of evolving approaches to providing

Robert E. Drake; Fred C. Osher; Michael A. Wallach

1991-01-01

172

Exploring the experiences of young people nursed on adult wards.  

PubMed

This paper reports on a study of experiences of young people aged 14 to 18 years who were nursed on acute adult hospital wards in NHS hospitals in England. In spite of British government guidelines, young people from 14 years of age continue to be admitted to adult wards in the UK. Although much has been written about the transition of the young person to adult services, there is little research about the experiences of young people who are nursed on adult wards. Hermeneutic phenomenology was used to explore the lived experiences of eight young people who had been nursed on adult wards between 2004 and 2010. Data were collected in 2010. In-depth interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed using Colaizzi's framework ( Colaizzi, 1978 ). Themes explored included expectations of what the experience may be like, young people's first impressions of the ward environment, the feelings of the young person while in hospital, the attitudes of people towards them including, both staff and other patients, and future admissions and how they would cope with readmissions. Better provision needs to be made for young people including appropriately trained staff, adolescent-friendly environments and areas in adult wards that are dedicated to adolescents. PMID:25723268

Dean, Linda; Black, Sharon

2015-02-26

173

Factors Predictive of Knowledge and Self-Management Behaviors among Male Military Veterans with Diabetes Residing in a Homeless Shelter for People Recovering from Addiction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Diabetes disproportionately affects individuals with lower income in the U.S. (CDC, 2012). Specifically the control of diabetes through self-management has been found to be sub-par and an important contributor to complications (Seligman, Davis, Schillinger, & Wolf, 2010). People experiencing homelessness also experience barriers. One such…

Rojas-Guyler, Liliana; Inniss-Richter, Zipporah M.; Lee, Rebecca; Bernard, Amy; King, Keith

2014-01-01

174

Correlates of Self-Reported Incarceration Among Homeless Gay and Bisexual Stimulant-Using Young Adults.  

PubMed

Gay and bisexual (G/B) homeless adults face multiple challenges in life which may place them at high risk for incarceration. Yet, little is known about this understudied population in terms of risk for incarceration. Baseline data collected from a longitudinal study between October 2009 and March 2012 in Hollywood, California, explored correlates of self-reported incarceration among G/B homeless stimulant-using adults (N = 353). Findings revealed older age, less education, having children, as well as a history of injection drug use and being born in the United States were positively associated with incarceration. Moreover, having poor social support and having received hepatitis information were also correlated with a history of incarceration. Our findings help us gain a greater awareness of homeless G/B adults who may be at greater risk for incarceration, which may be used by health care providers to design targeted interventions for this underserved population. PMID:24733231

Nyamathi, Adeline; Reback, Cathy J; Salem, Benissa E; Zhang, Sheldon; Shoptaw, Steven; Branson, Catherine M; Leake, Barbara

2014-04-14

175

Developing Support for Siblings of Young People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the USA and UK, at least one in ten children and young people have special health, developmental and mental health concerns. Most of these people have typically developing brothers and sisters. As the people who, over the course of their lifetimes together, will be most involved with their siblings with special needs, it is important that…

Conway, Sally; Meyer, Donald

2008-01-01

176

Correlates of service utilization among homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Though few studies exist on service utilization among homeless youth in the U.S., services are important because without them, many of these young people may resort to delinquent strategies in order to meet their daily survival needs. The current study examines frequency and correlates of service utilization (i.e., shelters, food programs, street outreach, counseling, STI and HIV testing) among a sample of 249 homeless youth ages 14 to 21. Multivariate analysis revealed significant differences in service usage by sex, age, and sexual orientation. Experiencing family physical and/or sexual abuse, being kicked out of the family home, spending more nights per week sleeping on the street, and having ever stayed in a group home facility were significant correlates of homeless youths’ service usage. PMID:24496226

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Akinyemi, Sarah L.; Kort-Butler, Lisa A.

2013-01-01

177

Correlates of service utilization among homeless youth.  

PubMed

Though few studies exist on service utilization among homeless youth in the U.S., services are important because without them, many of these young people may resort to delinquent strategies in order to meet their daily survival needs. The current study examines frequency and correlates of service utilization (i.e., shelters, food programs, street outreach, counseling, STI and HIV testing) among a sample of 249 homeless youth ages 14 to 21. Multivariate analysis revealed significant differences in service usage by sex, age, and sexual orientation. Experiencing family physical and/or sexual abuse, being kicked out of the family home, spending more nights per week sleeping on the street, and having ever stayed in a group home facility were significant correlates of homeless youths' service usage. PMID:24496226

Tyler, Kimberly A; Akinyemi, Sarah L; Kort-Butler, Lisa A

2012-07-01

178

Where Do You Go from Nowhere: Homelessness in Maryland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report assesses the extent of homelessness in Maryland. Data are provided in the following areas: (1) the number of homeless people; (2) causes of homelessness; (3) distribution of the homeless and characteristics of those sheltered; (4) shelter beds available; (5) what is needed to address the problems of homelessness; (6) the extent of the…

Health and Welfare Council of Central Maryland, Inc., Baltimore.

179

A Unique Population: Women Who Are Homeless and Mentally Ill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a unique population within the homeless community--women who are homeless and mentally ill. Homelessness prevalence and etiology data are presented, followed by a general discussion of how mental illness affects people who are homeless. The article provides an overview of women who are homeless, focusing on those who are…

Markos, Patricia A.; Baron, Heather Lyn; Allen, Daniel N.

2005-01-01

180

Helping Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Access College Financial Aid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unaccompanied homeless youth are young people who lack safe, stable housing and who are not in the care of a parent or guardian. They may have run away from home or been forced to leave by their parents. Unaccompanied youth live in a variety of temporary situations, including shelters, the homes of friends or relatives, cars, campgrounds, public…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2007

2007-01-01

181

The Child Care Council of Westchester's "Hope for the Homeless."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem of homelessness in Westchester County, New York has escalated sharply in the past few years. Estimates suggest that 5,000 people live in motels throughout the county. The largest segment of this population consists of families--women with young children. Mothers are often unable to participate in training programs due to a lack of…

McBride, Kathleen

182

Why healthy eating is bad for young people’s health: Identity, belonging and food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into young people and healthy eating has focussed on identifying the ‘barriers’ to healthy eating and on developing interventions to address them. However, it has tended to neglect the emotional, social and symbolic aspects of food for young people, and the roles food might play in adolescence. This paper explores these issues, reporting findings from a qualitative study which

Martine Stead; Laura McDermott; Anne Marie MacKintosh; Ashley Adamson

2011-01-01

183

Executive Function Skills and School Success in Young Children Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the role of executive function (EF) skills as a predictor of kindergarten or first-grade adjustment in 138 children living in shelters for homeless families. During the summer, children completed a battery of six EF tasks and three IQ measures. Teachers later rated children's school adjustment in five domains of achievement…

Masten, Ann S.; Herbers, Janette E.; Desjardins, Christopher David; Cutuli, J. J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Sapienza, Julianna K.; Long, Jeffrey D.; Zelazo, Philip David

2012-01-01

184

Physical Activity and the Health of Young People  

MedlinePLUS

... physical activity declines as young people age. 3 Percentage of High School Students Participating in Physical Activity ... for Youth Publications & Resources Journal Articles Health Topics Alcohol & Other Drug Use Asthma Data & Statistics Guidelines & Strategies ...

185

The Reproductive Behavior of Young People in College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on reproductive preferences of young people in Russia shows that their attitudes regarding the number of children they may have differs by gender and by urban-rural origins. (Contains 4 tables, 1 figure, and 1 note.)

Kalachikova, O. N.

2013-01-01

186

The Cedar Project: Residential transience and HIV vulnerability among young Aboriginal people who use drugs.  

PubMed

Aboriginal homelessness is considered to be a result of historic dispossession of traditional territories and forced displacement from community structures. Using data collected from 2005-2010 from the Cedar Project, a cohort of young Aboriginal people who use drugs in two Canadian cities, we examined how residential transience shapes HIV vulnerability. At baseline, 48 of 260 participants (18.5%) reported sleeping in six or more places ('highly transient') in the past six months. Generalized linear mixed models identified associations between high transience and sex and drug related HIV vulnerabilities. Transience was independently associated with sex work (AOR:3.52, 95%CI:2.06, 6.05); sexual assault (AOR:2.48, 95%CI:1.26, 4.86); injection drug use (AOR:4.54, 95%CI:2.71, 7.61); daily cocaine injection (AOR:2.16, 95%CI:1.26, 3.72); and public injection (AOR:2.87, 95%CI:1.65, 5.00). After stratification, transience and sexual vulnerability remained significantly associated among women but not men. Ensuring that young Aboriginal people have access to safe spaces to live, work, and inject must include policies addressing residential transience as well as the absence of a roof and walls. PMID:25840350

Jongbloed, Kate; Thomas, Vicky; Pearce, Margo E; Christian, Kukpi Wunuxtsin; Zhang, Hongbin; Oviedo-Joekes, Eugenia; Schechter, Martin T; Spittal, Patricia M

2015-05-01

187

I WAS HERE: young mothers who have experienced homelessness use Photovoice and participatory qualitative analysis to demonstrate strengths and assets.  

PubMed

Inspired by Photovoice, a participatory research methodology, I WAS HERE was a photoblogging workshop in Toronto, Canada, for young mothers who, when they joined, were either homeless or had past experience of homelessness. A participatory qualitative analysis process was developed to support workshop participants in collectively conducting qualitative analysis on a selection of their photoblogs exploring how they view their lives. Five mothers engaged in the participatory qualitative analysis process to categorize their photoblogs into themes. Participants selected over 70 of their personal photoblogs, discussed the meaning of their photoblogs, and categorized them into qualitative themes. One of the mothers continued work on the research by contributing to the write-up of the themes for publication. Participants, through the reflective dialogue, developed nine themes from the photoblogs that describe how they experience motherhood. The resulting nine themes were as follows: 'Family', 'Reality Check', 'Sacrifice for Positive Change', 'Support', 'Guidance', 'Growth and Transition', 'Proud of Becoming/Being a Mother', 'Passing on/Teaching Values' and 'Cherished Moments/Reward for Being a Mother'. These themes illustrate the satisfaction that comes from motherhood, strengths and goals for the future, and the desire for support and guidance. The themes developed from this participatory analysis illustrate that young mothers have a positive view of themselves and their ability to be mothers. This constructive view of young mothers provides an alternative to the negative stereotypes commonly attributed to them. This paper also discusses the strengths and challenges of using a participatory analysis approach. As a research methodology, incorporating procedures for participatory qualitative analysis into the Photovoice process provides an effective mechanism to meaningfully engage participants in qualitative analysis. From a health promotion perspective, using the participatory analysis process expanded the Photovoice methodology to facilitate self-reflection and an empowering collective dialogue among a group of women whose strengths and assets are rarely showcased. PMID:24830441

Fortin, Rebecca; Jackson, Suzanne F; Maher, Jessica; Moravac, Catherine

2015-03-01

188

Accessibility of condoms to young people in Manchester, UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and methodologyIssues relevant to the accessibility of male condoms for young people in the Greater Manchester area (UK) were investigated, using semi-structured, in-depth interviews and a questionnaire survey.ResultsFamily planning clinics and condom vending machines (CVMs) were the most cited sources for condom acquisition. Young people's knowledge of where and when they could access condoms varied by age and gender.

Judith Sixsmith; John Griffiths; John Hughes; Joanne Wren; Steve Penfold; Hilary Natusch

2006-01-01

189

‘Say everything’: exploring young people's suggestions for improving sexuality education  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do young people conceptualise ‘effective’ sexuality education? This paper explores 16?year?old to 19?year?old New Zealanders' vision of effective sexuality education as it emerges in answers to a survey question about improving programmes at secondary school. Young people's responses suggest that their view of what makes sexuality education effective may diverge from those who perceive a reduction in sexually transmissible

Louisa Allen

2005-01-01

190

Raising Educational Attainment: How Young People's Experiences Speak Back to the "Compact with Young Australians"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of international consensus that the knowledge economy requires more highly educated people, the Australian federal, state and territory governments agreed on a set of policies and targets for lifting the minimum level of educational attainment of young people, which are analysed in Part 1 of this paper. This "Compact with young

te Riele, Kitty

2011-01-01

191

Opening Pathways for Vulnerable Young People in Patagonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New and improved institutions are needed to support the transition to adulthood of vulnerable young people. Existing institutions that should provide that support demonstrate structural lag: they have not adapted to changing circumstances. Action research was conducted in Por un Manana, an employment training program for low-income youth and young

Hamilton, Mary Agnes; Hamilton, Stephen F.; Bianchi, Lucia; Bran, Jacqui

2013-01-01

192

Attitudes of Young People toward Diversity. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet summarizes young people's attitudes toward three groups that are sometimes targets of intolerance: gays, immigrants, and racial minorities. In general, the data show that young Americans are the most tolerant age group and are growing more tolerant over time. However, their social circles and voluntary associations (such as…

Olander, Michael; Kirby, Emily Hoban; Schmitt, Krista

2005-01-01

193

The Employment and Professional Educational Trajectories of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young Russians are facing a work career that is very different from that of previous generations, and matching education with the job market is especially difficult. Their chances of finding a job are very affected by the factor of unemployment. In spite of a relatively high level of unemployment, young people in Russia are being flexible in their…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2011-01-01

194

Risk, Safety, and Control in Young People's Reading Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people read for many reasons. It is a great paradox that reading can provide a safe environment for experimenting with moral and psychological risk. Alternatively, reading may provide a safe haven in a world of real-life risk. Either way, the reader needs to feel a sense of control over his or her reading matter. Adults who work with young

Margaret Mackey

195

Homelessness and hunger.  

PubMed

We employ data from the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients to examine the character and correlates of hunger among homeless people. Our analysis, couched in an adaptation framework, finds more support for the differentiation hypothesis than for the leveling hypothesis: Complex patterns of food insecurity exist at the individual level, and they vary with the resources available (e.g., higher monthly income, regular shelter use) and obstacles faced (e.g., alcohol, drug, and physical and mental health problems). The chronically homeless, who suffer from multiple deficits, appear particularly food-insecure, a finding that favors the desperation hypothesis over its street-wisdom alternative. We conclude that hunger is not uniformly experienced by members of the homeless population. Rather, some individuals are better situated than others to cope with the stressful nature of homelessness when addressing their sustenance needs. PMID:18418982

Lee, Barrett A; Greif, Meredith J

2008-03-01

196

Young People's Orientation to Go into the Engineering Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the social and professional structure of people who work in the field of mental labor, those who are employed in the engineering professions occupy a key place. However, young people's attitudes toward these professions were definitely adversely affected by negative factors in the 1990s. In the context of the decline in the volume of industrial…

Kanikov, F. K.; Trunkina, O. V.

2005-01-01

197

Young People's Writing: Attitudes, Behaviour and the Role of Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Writing is an important issue in the UK today. While children's and young people's writing standards steadily improved until 2006, levels have not increased in recent years. Writing is much more than just an educational issue--it is an essential skill that allows people to participate fully in today's society and to contribute to the economy.…

Clark, Christina; Dugdale, George

2009-01-01

198

Swimming Upstream: How to Reduce Homelessness in  

E-print Network

Swimming Upstream: How to Reduce Homelessness in Tempe's Emerging Urban Setting David V. Summers of the Tempe First United Methodist Church, provides vital support services to homeless and working poor people

Zhang, Junshan

199

Young people’s perception of sexual and reproductive health services in Kenya  

PubMed Central

Background Addressing the Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) needs of young people remains a big challenge. This study explored experiences and perceptions of young people in Kenya aged 10–24 with regard to their SRH needs and whether these are met by the available healthcare services. Methods 18 focus group discussions and 39 in-depth interviews were conducted at health care facilities and youth centres across selected urban and rural settings in Kenya. All interviews were tape recorded and transcribed. Data was analysed using the thematic framework approach. Results Young people’s perceptions are not uniform and show variation between boys and girls as well as for type of service delivery. Girls seeking antenatal care and family planning services at health facilities characterise the available services as good and staff as helpful. However, boys perceive services at health facilities as designed for women and children, and therefore feel uncomfortable seeking services. At youth centres, young people value the non-health benefits including availability of recreational facilities, prevention of idleness, building of confidence, improving interpersonal communication skills, vocational training and facilitation of career progression. Conclusion Providing young people with SRH information and services through the existing healthcare system, presents an opportunity that should be further optimised. Providing recreational activities via youth centres is reported by young people themselves to not lead to increased uptake of SRH healthcare services. There is need for more research to evaluate how perceived non-health benefits young people do gain from youth centres could lead to improved SRH of young people. PMID:24731733

2014-01-01

200

Making Theater: Developing Plays with Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for teachers who have no particular experience or training in teaching theater, but who have a love of theater and enjoy a good play, this book discusses making theater with children. It explores improvisation, reading and acting with scripts, adapting plays for young actors, and writing plays. The examples presented in the text are…

Kohl, Herbert R.

201

Why Young People Don't Vote.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses several reasons for decreasing voter participation in the United States, specifically focusing on lack of voter participation by youth. Highlights recommendations for increasing young voter turnout. Presents three voting activity lesson plans for middle school students and three activities entitled "Increasing Participation in Democracy"…

Gans, Curtis; And Others

1988-01-01

202

[Risk factors for stroke in young people].  

PubMed

The risk factors of stroke in young adults and in the whole population are the same in general, but there are some special risk factors in young adults. They are congenital or early acquired diseases which are complicating with early stroke. We studied the risk factors of cerebrovascular insults in 150 patients, 20-49 years old (Table 1). This was 26.04 percent of all patients that were hospitally treated in the urgent neurological department over one year. However, twenty years ago, this percent was 20.20 [2]. We found that arterial hypertension was dominant both among young adults (47.99 percent) and in the whole population (Table 2) [1-3]. Essential hypertension was the most frequent, and renal and thyreotoxical hypertensions were rare. The atherogenic level of low density and high density lipoproteins (LDL/HDL) was present in 14.66 percent of young adult patients [3]. Diabetes mellitus, a known risk factor of stroke, was found in 5.33 percent of our studied patients, especially in the juvenile form [1-3]. Besides juvenile diabetes mellitus, we found other risk factors that were characteristic of young adults: systemic lupus erythematosus (3.33 percent), which began at an early vital age, and numerous cerebrovascular complications appeared during the first five years of illness [7]. In this group of young adults, we found no other type of vasculitis, which also can be a risk factor of stroke. Great risk factors of stroke in young adults were arterial-venous malformation, brain aneurysm and congenital muscular hypoplasia of the carotide and middle caliber cerebral arteries-multiple progressive intracranial arterial occlusion or Nishimoto Takeuchi disease or Moya Moya disease, which were found in 3.99 percent of our patients. These diseases were complicated by cerebrovascular haemorrhagic or ischaemic insults over the young vital period [9]. The similar was with congenital or early acquired (rheumatic fever) heart valve defects (3.99 percent in our group), with early cerebrovascular complications due to cardiogenic thromboembolism mechanisms [10]. In 2 percent of patients the stroke was the consequence of anticoagulant therapy. These were the patients with operated heart valve defects (haemodynamic risk factor was eliminated, but haemorrheological risk factor was evident) [2, 3]. Also, disturbances of cardiac rhythm were risk factors of stroke in 2 percent of our patients. The mechanism of stroke originated is cardiogenic thromboembolism or global hypotension and the following ischaemia in the border brain zone [11]. All these risk factors were present in a relatively small number of patients, but they were "strong" risk factors of stroke, especially in young adults. On the other hand, there were nicotinism, alcoholism and obesity. They were present in a greater percent (25.33; 15.66; 18.66 percent), but their influence was slow and indirect by haemorrheologic mechanism (the increasing aggregation of platelets, reduced flexibility of red and white blood cells, changed prostacycline-prostaglandin relation in endothelial and blood cells, viscosity of blood, LDL/HDL) [2, 3, 12, 13]. A prolonged psychogenic stress (8.66 percent in our group) was, also, a risk factor of stroke. It induced increase in catecholamine level, arterial hypertension, constriction of blood vessels, endothelial cell damages, increased aggregation of platelets, changed prostacycline-prostaglandin relation, metabolism of lipids and polysaccharides) [2, 3]. We found no abuse of ephedrine [16] or cocaine [15] as risk factors of stroke in our group, although it was described in litterature. Also, we found no postoperative thromboemolism (foramen ovale apertum). Ischaemic cerebrovascular insults dominated (77.34 percent) in our group of patients. In one article (Canada) [17] haemorrhagic insults were dominant in young adults. In our opinion, the number of our patients was not adequated, as haemorrhagic stroke is also treated in neurosurgical departments. The mor PMID:9102854

Jovanovi?, Z

1996-01-01

203

Young people's food practices and social relationships. A thematic synthesis.  

PubMed

Food practices are embedded in everyday life and social relationships. In youth nutrition promotion little attention is awarded to this centrality of food practices, yet it may play a pivotal role for young people's overall health and wellbeing beyond the calories food provides. Limited research is available explicitly investigating how food practices affect social relationships. The aim of this synthesis was therefore to find out how young people use everyday food practices to build, strengthen, and negotiate their social relationships. Using a thematic synthesis approach, we analysed 26 qualitative studies exploring young people's food practices. Eight themes provided insight into the ways food practices affected social relationships: caring, talking, sharing, integrating, trusting, reciprocating, negotiating, and belonging. The results showed that young people use food actively to foster connections, show their agency, and manage relationships. This synthesis provides insight into the settings of significance for young people where more research could explore the use of food in everyday life as important for their social relationships. A focus on social relationships could broaden the scope of nutrition interventions to promote health in physical and psychosocial dimensions. Areas for future research are discussed. PMID:25017130

Neely, Eva; Walton, Mat; Stephens, Christine

2014-11-01

204

Teenagers, young people and family planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Family planning was for a long time prohibited in Romania. This has reduced the demand for contraceptives. Even though contraceptives were made accessible and their use promoted since the beginning of December 1989, abortion has still been the preferred form of fertility regulation, as the people of Romania are unaware of the advantages of contraception. The purpose of the present

R Alexandrescu; E Tuchendria

1999-01-01

205

Permanent homelessness in America?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to determine the approximate number of homeless persons in the U.S., the rate of change in the number, and whether or not the problem is likely to be permanent or transitory. It makes particular use of a new 1985 survey of over 500 homeless people in New York City. It finds that:(1)the much-maligned 1984 study by the

Richard B. Freeman; Brian Hall

1987-01-01

206

A TYPOLOGY OF DRUG-RELATED OFFENDING AMONG YOUNG HOMELESS INJECTION DRUG USERS  

PubMed Central

Research indicates a link between drug use and offending, particularly amongst high-risk individuals, such as homeless youth. The extent to which such youth interpret their offending as being related to their drug use, though, is understudied. This manuscript investigates the interpretations of drug-related offenses offered by 151 primarily white, male, homeless IDUs aged 16–29 years. Youth were asked specific questions about their drug-related offenses during in-depth interviews as part of a larger study investigating health risks surrounding drug injection between 2004 and 2006. The first section of the manuscript outlines offenses youth revealed committing either in pursuit of or after using a variety of substances. The second part of the manuscript examines the overall context (motivation, environment), and provides a seven-tiered typology of drug-related offending based on youth's interpretations, linking certain drugs to specific offenses within particular contexts. From here, some theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:21423855

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson Bloom, Jennifer; Hathaz, Dodi S.

2011-01-01

207

Doing ok? Children and young people's views on what affects their mental health   

E-print Network

This briefing highlights the findings from a consultation which was undertaken with specific groups of children and young people in order to inform the NHS Health Scotland draft framework for children and young people’s mental health indicators...

Elsley, Susan; McMellon, Christina

208

How was it for you? The quality of young people's sexual relationships   

E-print Network

Few studies have investigated young people’s own evaluations of their heterosexual experiences or relationships, other than by measuring negative sexual encounters. An evaluation of young peoples’ views is important, to ...

Wright, Daniel; Forrest, Simon

209

Age Differences Among Homeless Individuals: Adolescence Through Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines differences between homeless adolescents, young adults, and older adults served by homeless shelters or food programs to inform service provision. Four homeless studies using the same sampling and measurement methods were pooled to permit comparisons across age groups. Results showed that homeless adolescents demonstrated greater resilience than younger and older adults. Adolescents reported the shortest duration

Carolyn J. Tompsett; Patrick J. Fowler; Paul A. Toro

2009-01-01

210

Homeless Youths and Young Adults in Los Angeles: Prevalence of Mental Health Problems and the Relationship Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although understanding of the subsistence patterns, service utilization, and HIV-risk behaviors of homeless youths and young adults is increasing, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of mental health problems in this group or the relationships between mental health problems and substance use. This study measured symptoms of depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, suicidality, self-injurious behavior (SIB), and drug and alcohol

Jennifer B. Unger; Michele D. Kipke; Thomas R. Simon; Susanne B. Montgomery; Christine J. Johnson

1997-01-01

211

Alcohol abuse among young people: the inconvenient truth.  

PubMed

People have drunk alcohol for as long as they've known about its existence, and it doesn't appear this will change any time soon. But the amount of alcohol consumed by children and young people in Britain is now spiralling out of control and putting a significant strain on NHS resources. In light of a new report, Alan Glasper discusses how this escalating problem can be tackled. PMID:20220656

Glasper, Alan

212

Associations between youth homelessness, sexual offenses, sexual victimization, and sexual risk behaviors: a systematic literature review.  

PubMed

Homeless youth commonly report engaging in sexual risk behaviors. These vulnerable young people also frequently report being sexually victimized. This systematic review collates, summarizes, and appraises published studies of youth investigating relationships between homelessness, perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior. A systematic search of seventeen psychology, health, and social science electronic databases was conducted. Search terms included "homeless*," "youth," "offend*," "victimization," "crime," "rape," "victim*," and "sex crimes." Thirty-eight studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Findings showed homeless youth commonly report being raped and sexually assaulted, fear being sexually victimized, and engage in street prostitution and survival sex. Rates of victimization and sexual risk behavior were generally higher for females. Given the paucity of longitudinal studies and limitations of current studies, it is unclear whether homelessness is prospectively associated with sexual victimization or engagement in sexual risk behavior, and whether such associations vary cross nationally and as a function of time and place. Future prospective research examining the influence of the situational context of homelessness is necessary to develop a better understanding of how homelessness influences the perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior among homeless youth. PMID:25411128

Heerde, Jessica A; Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E; Hemphill, Sheryl A

2015-01-01

213

The Paradox of Homelessness in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a growing problem in the midst of relative prosperity. However, as the problem persists, the public may be becoming increasingly less compassionate to the homeless and annoyed by the problem. Although it is difficult to determine how many people are homeless, the most widely circulated estimate puts their number at about 600,000.…

Levitan, Sar A.; Schillmoeller, Susan

214

Homeless Children  

MedlinePLUS

... year. That's over 1.6 million children. While homeless, they experience high rates of acute and chronic ... of emotional and behavioral problems compared to non-homeless children. 3 Experiences of Violence Violence plays a ...

215

Sexual perceptions and practices of young people in Northern Thailand  

PubMed Central

This study draws together survey and qualitative data on sexual practices among more than 1,750 young Northern Thai people aged 17-20 years. The survey data indicate that sexually active young people frequently engage in, or are subjected to, risk-taking behaviours that may expose them to sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. These include having multiple sexual partners and quite frequent partner turnover. High percentages also engage in unprotected sexual intercourse with various types of sexual partner (steady, casual and paid), and young women especially had often experienced sexual coercion. Qualitative data revealed a mixture of perceptions and practices affecting sexual intercourse among the young, such as having unplanned sex, engaging in sexual relations to display love or cement committed relationships, and having serial relationships, both monogamous and non-monogamous. We conclude that condom use should be a central focus of activities aimed at preventing adverse sexual health outcomes, but that new intervention approaches to encourage use of other contraceptives are also needed. Changes in sexual norms among young people also need to be acknowledged and accepted by older Thai generations in order for programs and interventions to combat negative sexual and reproductive health consequences to be more effective. PMID:22319025

Tangmunkongvorakul, Arunrat; Carmichael, Gordon; Banwell, Cathy; Utomo, Iwu Dwisetyani; Sleigh, Adrian

2011-01-01

216

Beyond Anne Frank: Recent Holocaust Literature for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hopes that teachers will expose students to many personal narratives, novels, poems, and other works from the vast body of Holocaust literature. Presents annotations of 21 recent Holocaust books for young people (published between 1994 and 2001) including fiction, nonfiction, personal narratives, and picture books. (SG)

Sullivan, Ed

2002-01-01

217

"Strong in Their Minds": Young People's Poems across an Ocean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article stresses the quality of universality within young people's poetry. The writer uses the poetry mainly written by children of Pakistani origin living in Pitsmoor and Fir Vale in north-east Sheffield, Yorkshire, England, as a stimulus for the creative writing of children of the Mohawk nation in the reservation school of Tyendinaga…

Searle, Chris

2009-01-01

218

Cyberbullying: through the eyes of children and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of cyberbullying is raising international debate and concern. Through the development and dissemination of a questionnaire 12 student researchers were supported in surveying 325 UK students across Years 7, 8 and 9 to gain further knowledge of this area, in relation to children and young people. Results were analysed and comparisons made between gender and age, allowing conclusions

Melanie Jane Ackers

2012-01-01

219

Cyberbullying: Through the Eyes of Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The topic of cyberbullying is raising international debate and concern. Through the development and dissemination of a questionnaire 12 student researchers were supported in surveying 325 UK students across Years 7, 8 and 9 to gain further knowledge of this area, in relation to children and young people. Results were analysed and comparisons made…

Ackers, Melanie Jane

2012-01-01

220

Technology, Learning Communities and Young People: The Future Something Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Future Something Project" ("FSP"), a two-year action research project, was devised to nurture the creative and technological talent of small groups of young people at risk by creating a structured network, mentored and driven by creative professionals exploring innovative ways for the two distinct target groups to work together. The project…

Herne, Steve; Adams, Jeff; Atkinson, Dennis; Dash, Paul; Jessel, John

2013-01-01

221

Wales Observatory on Human Rights of Children and Young People  

E-print Network

University, University of Antwerp, Belgium Human Trafficking and Child Trafficking - UNICEF Play - MarianneWales Observatory on Human Rights of Children and Young People Rights Here: Right Now! A conference about children's human rights 11th and 12th September 2014 Swansea University Rights Here: Right Now

Harman, Neal.A.

222

Education, Training and Rural Living: Young People in Ryedale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose ? To evaluate the impact of rural renaissance projects aimed at overcoming issues of accessibility and out-migration of the younger, more economically active population and to consider what young people feel about education, training and rural living in Ryedale, North Yorkshire. Design/methodology/approach ? Twenty Single Regeneration…

Henderson, Roger

2005-01-01

223

Mediating Gendered Performances: Young People Negotiating Embodiment in Research Discussions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender inequalities in schools have implications for life chances, emotional well-being and educational policies and practices, but are apparently resistant to change. This paper employs Judith Butler's conceptualisation of performativity in a study of young people and consumption to provide insights into gendered inequities. It argues that…

Phoenix, Ann; Pattman, Rob; Croghan, Rosaleen; Griffin, Christine

2013-01-01

224

A Stress-Management Guide for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a comprehensive guide to help young people understand and cope with stress, pressure, and anxiety. Adolescent readers are introduced to the concept of stress, the ways that stress can affect them, and the skills and techniques needed to help them learn effective ways to reduce and manage stress. The guide begins by defining…

Youngs, Bettie B.

225

Young People, Citizenship and Citizenship Education in Zimbabwe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizenship education in Zimbabwe is based on the claim that young people lack citizenship virtues. This study set out to investigate these assumptions by assessing high school students' knowledge of, attitudes towards and participation levels in citizenship issues. Findings show that while students are knowledgeable about citizenship issues they…

Sigauke, Aaron T.

2012-01-01

226

Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides the text for United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People. This document is part of a special collection of resources in the journal that address sexual abuse and the growing number of both confirmed and alleged cases of pedophilia and sexual abuse within the Catholic Church. (RC)

Momentum, 2002

2002-01-01

227

DIGITAL TASTES: Social class and young people's technology use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informed by Bourdieu's notions of habitus and taste, and Raymond Williams' notion of cultural form, this article considers the relationship between young people's use of technology and social class. Drawing on the findings of case studies of 25 Australian 15-year-olds, the article suggests that there is a strong link between technology use and class. We argue that markers of class

Sue North; Ilana Snyder; Scott Bulfin

2008-01-01

228

Predictors of Academic Attainments of Young People with Down's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Earlier studies of young people with Down's syndrome have investigated a relatively limited range of variables which may influence their academic attainment. The relative strength of such influences and how they may vary during the school career, has also been under-researched. Aims: The aim of the paper is to identify the contemporary…

Turner, S.; Alborz, A.; Gayle, V.

2008-01-01

229

Information on Sexuality for Young People and Their Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book was designed to be a reference material as part of a comprehensive sex education program or as a family resource book. The language and syntax of the book as well as the line drawing illustrations are geared specifically for hearing impaired young people and others whose need for information on human sexuality may be more advanced than…

Fitz-Gerald, Max

230

SECURE DETENTION OF YOUNG PEOPLE IN RESIDENCES IN NEW ZEALAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES YOUNG PEOPLE MAY BE PLACED IN SECURE care in a Social Welfare residence in New Zealand. Secure care is a form of close confinement. It is not solitary confinement. But it is confinement in a residence in a locked room or enclosure with visible physical barriers. It is not viewed as a standard procedure for the confinement

David J. Harvey

231

Setting the Agenda: Social Inclusion, Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper was prepared collectively by participants of the third seminar in a series with the title Challenging ""Social Inclusion": Perspectives for and from Children and Young People". Three 3-day seminars took place at the Universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow and Stirling in 2002-3 attended by academics, professionals from voluntary sector…

Children & Society, 2004

2004-01-01

232

Barriers to Dance Training for Young People with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dance is a viable and enjoyable activity -- and potential career -- for young people with disabilities, yet they face several barriers to participation and training. The aim of this article, by Imogen J. Aujla of the University of Bedfordshire and Emma Redding of Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance, is to review the literature on…

Aujla, Imogen J.; Redding, Emma

2013-01-01

233

Lifestyle, identity and young people's experiences of mountain biking  

E-print Network

Lifestyle, identity and young people's experiences of mountain biking It has been widely recognised observation were analysed and key themes were identified around three broad topics: (1) identity and lifestyle; (2) identity and space; and (3) context such as how the sites were accessed, or demographic

234

The Economy: What Does the Future Hold for Young People?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changing demographic trends and the economy's need for well-educated young people to take entry level positions in the work force make businesses more eager to cooperate with schools to ensure the availability of adequate programs for developing prepared workers. (PGD)

Penning, Nick; Hunter, Bruce, Ed.

1987-01-01

235

Urban Education and Segregation: The Responses from Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article takes as a starting point the segregation of urban areas and discusses schooling in the neighbourhoods typically associated with problems and challenges, in order to explore young people's responses to their schooling and social positions. Such responses include individual acts, such as rejecting further schooling or dismissing the…

Ohrn, Elisabet

2012-01-01

236

Sexual Health Services and Education: Young People's Experiences and Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine young people's requirements and perceptions of sexual health services and education in the context of their experience of sexual relationships and knowledge of sexual health. Design: A questionnaire based cohort study. Setting: Three hundred and sixty Year 11 students (aged 15-16 years) surveyed in three Secondary Schools.…

Reeves, C.; Whitaker, R.; Parsonage, R. K.; Robinson, C. A.; Swale, K.; Bayley, L.

2006-01-01

237

Considering Young People's Motives for Interactive Media Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people's increasing use of interactive media has led to assertions about possible consequences for education. Rather than following assertions, we argue for theory-driven empirical research as a basis for education renewal. First, we review the existing empirical research, concluding that there is almost no theory-driven research available.…

van den Beemt, Antoine; Akkerman, Sanne; Simons, Robert-Jan

2011-01-01

238

The Educational and Professional Trajectories of Working Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dynamism of social processes, the development of technologies, and the modernization of industrial production require raising the education and qualifications of blue-collar workers, particularly working young people. This accounts for the focus on problems of that group's formation, their integration into society, their acquisition and…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2012-01-01

239

Social Influences on Young People's Sexual Health in Uganda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of social context on young people's sexual lives and sexual health, and to highlight the need for HIV prevention and sexual health programmes which better take into account these contextual influences. Design/methodology/approach: The paper draws on findings from a multi-method,…

Bell, Stephen; Aggleton, Peter

2013-01-01

240

Working with young people - towards an agenda for sexual health  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we outline key elements of a human rights-based framework for sexual health promotion that takes account of young people's needs and interests. This framework is located against the backdrop of a critique of the way in which negative definitions of 'sexual health' and of 'adolescence', as well as restrictions on open and appropriate sex education in schools,

Peter Aggleton; Cathy Campbell

2000-01-01

241

Book Clubbing! Successful Book Clubs for Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practical guide demonstrates how to sponsor a successful, student-led book club for grades K through 12 that is fun, easy-to-implement, and encourages reading. Establishing a book club for children and young people that's self-sustaining and successful long-term is a challenge that this book addresses and conquers. According to recent…

Littlejohn, Carol

2011-01-01

242

Alternance Training for Young People: Guidelines for Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alternance training and employment policy should improve youth employment prospects in the European community in three ways. It should enhance young people's employability, improve youth's motivation and clarify vocational options, and better prepare youth to adapt to abrupt changes in job content. Because alternance training is concerned with…

Jallade, Jean-Pierre

243

Territorialities in Scotland: perceptions of young people in Glasgow  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an exploratory, small-scale qualitative research enquiry into the perceptions and experiences of young people in communities afflicted by deprivation in Glasgow, Scotland's largest city. The context within which we address this focus contains a culture reputed to involve sectarianism, territoriality and gangs. Glasgow has a reputation for being a ‘hard place’. The official crime

Christopher Peter Holligan; Ross Deuchar

2009-01-01

244

The Rights of Children and Young People in State Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights the lack of human rights recognition for arguably one of the most vulnerable groups in our society, children and young people in the care of the state. Currently under New Zealand legislation and policy frameworks these children do not have their rights upheld, as per New Zealand's obligations under the United Nations…

Ashton, Sarah

2014-01-01

245

Disengaged and Disaffected Young People: Surviving the System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are counter-narratives of youth as at risk and as buoyant and agentive. The article maps the conceptual terrain concerning resilience, well-being, buoyancy, enjoyment and happiness and selects factors related to the successful navigation of schooling. It analyses data from a subset of a national data set, from 65 young people considered to…

Lumby, Jacky

2012-01-01

246

Young People and Prostitution: An End to the Beginning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines some reasons for the failure to protect young people in England and Wales from sexual abuse inherent in prostitution. Identifies characteristics of the child protection system which fit poorly for work with these youth. Argues that lasting improvement of these children's well-being depends on the creation of "joined-up," integrated,…

Ayre, Patrick; Barrett, David

2000-01-01

247

Best Science and Technology Reference Books for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a guide to 669 science and technology reference books for children and young people (third grade through high school). It includes some older well-established titles that may be out of print, newer editions, and newer books that have not been completely tested by time. The entries for the books contained in this guide are arranged by…

Malinowsky, H. Robert

248

World Class: USBBY's Outstanding International Books for Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the world's best children's book artists got together to help Amnesty International celebrate the Universal Declaration of Human Rights' 60th anniversary in "We Are All Born Free," one of the 42 titles recommended by the fourth annual United States Board on Books for Young People's (USBBY) Outstanding International Books committee. This…

Angus, Carolyn

2009-01-01

249

Plague and Paideia: Sabotage in Devising Theatre with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnography, completed by the classroom teacher in a publicly funded secondary school in Mississauga, Canada, explores issues of conflict and sabotage that affected a devising project with suburban young people. The processes of devising generated ethnographic data that included a play script and videotaped rehearsals and performances. As…

Wessels, Anne

2012-01-01

250

Deconstructing Digital Natives: Young People, Technology, and the New Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There have been many attempts to define the generation of students who emerged with the Web and new digital technologies in the early 1990s. The term "digital native" refers to the generation born after 1980, which has grown up in a world where digital technologies and the internet are a normal part of everyday life. Young people belonging to this…

Thomas, Michael, Ed.

2011-01-01

251

Professional care after deliberate self-harm: a qualitative study of young people’s experiences  

PubMed Central

Background Deliberate self-harm (DSH) is increasingly common among young people. At the same time, treatment and support after DSH are often hampered by low compliance. Aim To explore young people’s perceptions of care and support during a 6-month period following their first contact for DSH. Methods We conducted nine semistructured interviews with young people aged 16–24 years 6 months after their first contact for DSH. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results Three main themes were extracted from the interviews. “Am I really in good hands?” describes whether the participants felt they were being listened to and taken seriously and whether they could rely on the competence of the professionals and the appropriateness of treatment, including keeping agreements and communication with other relevant agencies. “Help should match life circumstances” comprises how basic practicalities such as travel possibilities affect treatment and concomitant assistance in everyday living. Financial matters and jobseeking were perceived as necessary for optimal treatment and well-being. “Making yourself better” includes participants’ efforts to manage on their own, through realizing their own responsibility to be engaged and actively take part in treatment planning. Conclusion Flexibility and responsiveness to young people’s own views and specific needs in treatment arrangements are of crucial importance. The significance of basic practical help cannot be underestimated and should not be overlooked. PMID:25670889

Idenfors, Hans; Kullgren, Gunnar; Salander Renberg, Ellinor

2015-01-01

252

Over the Edge: Homeless Families and the Welfare System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness among families is quickly reaching crisis proportions across the country. Over 30 percent of America's three million homeless people are members of families, and families are the fastest growing segment of the homeless population. Perhaps more disturbing, homelessness represents only the most extreme manifestation of a more…

National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.

253

Enhancing early engagement with mental health services by young people  

PubMed Central

International studies have shown that the prevalence of mental illness, and the fundamental contribution it make to the overall disease burden, is greatest in children and young people. Despite this high burden, adolescents and young adults are the least likely population group to seek help or to access professional care for mental health problems. This issue is particularly problematic given that untreated, or poorly treated, mental disorders are associated with both short- and long-term functional impairment, including poorer education and employment opportunities, potential comorbidity, including drug and alcohol problems, and a greater risk for antisocial behavior, including violence and aggression. This cycle of poor mental health creates a significant burden for the young person, their family and friends, and society as a whole. Australia is enviably positioned to substantially enhance the well-being of young people, to improve their engagement with mental health services, and – ultimately – to improve mental health. High prevalence but potentially debilitating disorders, such as depression and anxiety, are targeted by the specialized youth mental health service, headspace: the National Youth Mental Health Foundation and a series of Early Psychosis Prevention and Intervention Centres, will provide early intervention specialist services for low prevalence, complex illnesses. Online services, such as ReachOut.com by Inspire Foundation, Youthbeyondblue, Kids Helpline, and Lifeline Australia, and evidence-based online interventions, such as MoodGYM, are also freely available, yet a major challenge still exists in ensuring that young people receive effective evidence-based care at the right time. This article describes Australian innovation in shaping a comprehensive youth mental health system, which is informed by an evidence-based approach, dedicated advocacy and, critically, the inclusion of young people in service design, development, and ongoing evaluation to ensure that services can be continuously improved. PMID:25473320

Burns, Jane; Birrell, Emma

2014-01-01

254

Young people in Europe. Adolescent health -- sex education.  

PubMed

Young people in Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States have either witnessed, participated in, or been victims of abrupt changes which led to the collapse of the value systems by which they and their parents had learned to live. Their parents' position in society changed, with many struggling to support their families in conditions of widespread resource scarcity, including shortages of food, electricity, heating, and water supplies. Increased family tension has driven many parents to drink more alcohol, thereby increasing the risk of violence in the family. Almost everywhere in the region, young people expressed their desire to be better informed about reproductive health issues. A survey found that the overwhelming majority of more than 700 sampled youths had learned what they knew about reproductive health from friends, television, newspapers, and magazines. In Romania, lack of proper education and social discrimination mean that many people infected with STDs seek medical care only when their diseases have reached an advanced stage, while studies in Bulgaria show a declining mean age at first intercourse and a low level of condom use. In Turkey, an IEC (information, education, and communication) project was launched in 26 cities and towns to improve and extend family planning services. Elsewhere, the Orthodox Church in the Russian Federation has called abortion murder, young people can get good quality counseling in a range of institutions in Estonia, and abortion has become the main means of birth control in Ukraine. PMID:12222290

1997-12-01

255

‘It’s work, work, work, work’: young people’s experiences of effort and engagement in dance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is the second phase of a large project examining young people’s experiences in dance education. It draws on multi?modal data from over 700 young people, diverse both demographically and in terms of degree and kind of dance experience. This phase focuses on data reflecting engagement and disengagement in dance, and illuminates them from a number of theoretical perspectives.

Karen E. Bond; Susan W. Stinson

2007-01-01

256

"We're Locking the Door": Family Histories in a Sample of Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well known that the pathways to homelessness for young people are embedded in often ongoing negative childhood experiences. Many of these experiences are rooted in multiple and intersecting problems including, but not limited to: family conflict, abuse, addictions, and mental health issues. The authors draw upon qualitative interviews…

Alvi, Shahid; Scott, Hannah; Stanyon, Wendy

2010-01-01

257

Homeless is What I Am, Not Who I Am”: Insights from an Inner-City Brisbane Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that some homelessness literature has tended to place too great an emphasis on homelessness as a defining characteristic of people who are homeless. As such, ‘homeless people’ are not only defined as the ‘other’ based on what they lack, but they have become depersonalised. This misconception may have been facilitated by research that has considered homelessness an

Cameron Parsell

2010-01-01

258

Fun and enjoyment in physical education: young people’s attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fun and enjoyment are recurring themes in physical education literature, although there has been some debate concerning the distinction between the two concepts. Whereas enjoyment is generally regarded as helpful in fostering positive attitudes towards physical education, fun has not always been considered an appropriate outcome of physical education. This paper seeks to explore further the meanings young people give

Harriet Dismore; Richard Bailey

2010-01-01

259

Being a Deaf Role Model: Deaf People's Experiences of Working with Families and Deaf Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiences of being a deaf role model have been little explored in the literature. This paper explores the role of the deaf role model as perceived by d/Deaf adults who carried out this role, when working with deaf young people, parents of deaf children, and professionals who work with them. The data were collected from part of the evaluation…

Rogers, Katherine D.; Young, Alys M.

2011-01-01

260

Invest in adolescents and young people: it pays.  

PubMed

This year's Women Deliver conference made a strong call for investing in the health and development of adolescents and young people. It highlighted the unique problems faced by adolescent girls and young women-some of the most vulnerable and neglected individuals in the world-and stressed the importance of addressing their needs and rights, not only for their individual benefit, but also to achieve global goals such as reducing maternal mortality and HIV infection.In response to an invitation from the editors of Reproductive Health, we-the sixteen coauthors of this commentary-put together key themes that reverberated throughout the conference, on the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, and promising solutions to meet them.1. Investing in adolescents and young people is crucial for ensuring health, creating prosperity and fulfilling human rights.2. Gender inequality contributes to many health and social problems. Adolescent girls and boys, and their families and communities, should be challenged and supported to change inequitable gender norms.- Child marriage utterly disempowers girls. It is one of the most devastating manifestations of gender discrimination.- Negative social and cultural attitudes towards menstruation constrain the lives of millions of girls. This may well establish the foundation for lifelong discomfort felt by girls about their bodies and reticence in seeking help when problems arise.3. Adolescents need comprehensive, accurate and developmentally appropriate sexuality education. This will provide the bedrock for attitude formation and decision making.4. Adolescent-centered health services can prevent sexual and reproductive health problems and detect and treat them if and when they occur.5. National governments have the authority and the responsibility to address social and cultural barriers to the provision of sexual and reproductive health education and services for adolescents and young people.6. Adolescents should be involved more meaningfully in national and local actions intended to meet their needs and respond to their problems.7. The time to act is now. We know more now than ever before about the health and development needs of adolescents and young people, as well as the solutions to meeting those needs. PMID:24041149

Chandra-Mouli, Venkatraman; Greifinger, Rena; Nwosu, Adaeze; Hainsworth, Gwyn; Sundaram, Lakshmi; Hadi, Sheena; McConville, Fran; Benevides, Regina; Simon, Callie; Patkar, Archana; Schoening, Eva; Sethi, Disha; Boldosser-Boesch, Amy; Awasthi, Prateek; Mathur, Arvind; Braeken, Doortje

2013-01-01

261

Labeling of mental disorders and stigma in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental disorders are common in young people, yet many do not seek help. The use of psychiatric labels to describe mental disorders is associated with effective help-seeking choices, and is promoted in community awareness initiatives designed to improve help-seeking. However these labels may also be coupled with stigmatizing beliefs and therefore inhibit help-seeking: lay mental health or non-specific labels may

Annemarie Wright; Anthony F. Jorm; Andrew J. Mackinnon

2011-01-01

262

Price, public policy, and smoking in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of cigarette taxes, limits on public smoking, laws regulating access to tobacco by young people, and exposure to pro-tobacco and anti-tobacco messages on smoking participation and the intention to smoke among ninth-grade students (aged 13-16). DATA SOURCES: Two cross-sectional, school-based surveys (total of 15432 responses) of ninth-grade students conducted in 21 North American communities in

E M Lewit; A Hyland; N Kerrebrock; K M Cummings

1997-01-01

263

An Interface for Opportunistic Discovery of Information for Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The exploratory study investigates a virtual reality interface for opportunistic discovery for young people. We recruited\\u000a ten volunteer students, who performed a pre-assigned information search task in a VR library which consists of about 1500\\u000a web sites depicted as books organized on the shelves. We calculated a metric for opportunistic discovery of information (ODI)\\u000a based on the distance of books

Jamshid Beheshti; Andrew Large

264

Education, training and rural living: young people in Ryedale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To evaluate the impact of rural renaissance projects aimed at overcoming issues of accessibility and out-migration of the younger, more economically active population and to consider what young people feel about education, training and rural living in Ryedale, North Yorkshire. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Twenty Single Regeneration Budget (SRB) 5 projects focus on the 10-29 age group to improve their

Roger Henderson

2005-01-01

265

Access, equity and social cohesion: evaluation of intersectoral strategies for people experiencing homelessness.  

PubMed

Objective To understand and evaluate the work of intersectoral assistance on the insertion and the flow of people in situation of street with severe mental illness in public services of Mental Health. Method A case study developed from ten visits to a night shelter between March and April 2012. For data collection, the participant observation and semi-structured interviews were carried out with four sheltered individuals, as well as non-directive group interviews with five technicians of the social-assistance services. Results Were analyzed using Content Analysis and developing a Logic Model validated with the professionals involved. Conclusion The social assistance services are the main entry of this clientele in the public network of assistance services, and the Mental Health services have difficulty in responding to the specificities of the same clientele and in establishing intersectoral work.?Objetivo Compreender e avaliar o trabalho de assistência intersetorial sobre a inserção e o fluxo de pessoas em situação de rua, com transtorno mental grave, nos serviços públicos de Saúde Mental. Método Estudo de caso, desenvolvido a partir de 10 visitas a um albergue, entre março e abril de 2012. Para a coleta de dados foi realizada a observação participante e entrevistas semiestruturadas com quatro albergados, além de entrevistas não diretivas em grupo, com cinco técnicos dos serviços socioassistenciais. Resultados Foram analisados por meio da Análise de Conteúdo e da elaboração de Modelo Lógico, e validados junto aos profissionais envolvidos. Conclusão Os serviços socioassistenciais são a principal entrada dessa clientela à rede pública de assistência, e que os serviços de Saúde Mental apresentam dificuldades em responder às especificidades dessa mesma clientela e estabelecer trabalho intersetorial. PMID:25626507

Borysow, Igor da Costa; Furtado, Juarez Pereira

2014-12-01

266

Overdose Deaths Among Homeless Persons  

MedlinePLUS

... of them involving opioids—are now the biggest killer among homeless people in the Boston area. Drug ... Cancer and heart disease were the next biggest killers (at around 16 percent each); HIV =accounted for ...

267

Consent in cyberspace: Internet-based research involving young people.  

PubMed

Social networking sites such as MySpace and virtual communities such as on-line support groups can be a rich source of data for researchers. These sites can be an effective way of reaching and researching young people in order to address their particular health needs. Internet-based research is also potentially risky and exploitative. There is some guidance for conducting research online, but there are no detailed or universally accepted ethics guidelines for research of webspaces such as MySpace or virtual communities in which young people participate. One question that arises is--If MySpace is a public webspace, can research be done without consent? In this paper I investigate ethical issues surrounding young people's consent in cyber research. I identify issues that help determine whether consent is needed, offer suggestions for dealing with consent in cyberspace and add my voice to the call for a resource of case studies--indispensible in the development of guidelines and the education of researchers and research ethics committees. PMID:20440984

Spriggs, Merle

2009-12-01

268

Young people, smoking and gender--a qualitative exploration.  

PubMed

Smoking among young people has become increasingly gendered. In several countries, smoking among adolescent girls is now higher than among adolescent boys. However, we have only a limited understanding of the reasons behind these gender patterns. This paper reports the findings from a qualitative study which used single-sex focus groups to explore the gendered nature of the meaning and function of smoking among Scottish 15- to 16-year old smokers. The study found that young people were ambivalent about their smoking but that this was somewhat different for boys and girls. These differences related to their social worlds, pattern of social relationships, interests, activities and concerns, the meanings they attached to smoking and the role smoking played in dealing with the everyday experience of being a boy or girl in their mid-teens. For example, boys were concerned about the impact of smoking on their fitness and sport, whereas girls were more concerned about the negative aesthetic effects such as their clothes and bodies smelling of smoke. Of particular importance was how smoking related in different ways to the gendered 'identity work' that adolescents had to undertake to achieve a socially and culturally acceptable image. The implications for programmes aimed at reducing smoking among young people, particularly the need for more gender-sensitive approaches, are discussed. PMID:16908497

Amos, Amanda; Bostock, Yvonne

2007-12-01

269

Parental Attitudes and Young People's Online Sexual Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parental attitudes towards young people's sexuality in traditional (i.e. non-online media) settings have been associated with young people's sexual activities. In this study, we explored the association between key parent and youth characteristics and parental attitudes towards young people's online sexual activities. We also…

Sorbring, Emma; Hallberg, Jonas; Bohlin, Margareta; Skoog, Therése

2015-01-01

270

Friendship Networks, Social Capital and Ethnic Identity: Researching the Perspectives of Caribbean Young People in Britain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the perspectives of Caribbean young people in Britain in order to examine the issue of friendship networks. The research shows that the young people interviewed have a vast array of friendship networks across diverse ethnic groups. However, the majority of the Caribbean young people in the study acknowledged that their three…

Reynolds, Tracey

2007-01-01

271

Global Selves: Marginalised Young People and Aesthetic Reflexivity in Inhalant Drug Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sociologists have observed that young people increasingly draw on global as well as local images in their constructions of individual selfhood. This article provides a narrative analysis of stories of inhalant use-induced hallucination, drawn from interviews conducted with young people in Melbourne, Australia. Young people's stories of the…

MacLean, Sarah

2007-01-01

272

“Queer Eye” for Social Work: Rethinking Pedagogy and Practice with Same-sex Attracted Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dominant discourses on sexualities construct limited representations and understanding of same-sex attracted young people, often resulting in material and detrimental effects for young people who do not fit the heterosexual mould. Traditionally, social work theory and practice with same-sex attracted young people has relied on ethnic and essentialised models for understanding sexual difference. In the present article, the author reviews

Paul Willis

2007-01-01

273

Multi?linear strategies for (re)presenting the complexity of young people in research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the current climate of unpredictability and constant change, young people at school are faced with a multitude of choices and contradictory influences. In this article, I argue that (re)presentations of young people in youth research need to reflect the complexity and multiplicity of their lives and changing priorities, and I attempt to (re)present a small group of young people

Mary Elizabeth Ryan

2010-01-01

274

Obtaining Consent from Young People with Autism to Participate in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people with autism were involved in a study examining the participation of young people with autism in drama education. This study considers the approaches devised to obtain consent from ten young people with autism who communicated in different ways. The process of obtaining consent and monitoring assent is outlined and evaluated. The…

Loyd, Daisy

2013-01-01

275

Sculpting a "Social Space" for Re-Engaging Disengaged "Disadvantaged" Young People with Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the complex constellation of conditions that turn many young people into "exiles" from schooling. From the vantage point of young people, the paper traces out a profile of the conditions that need to be brought into existence for these young people to find a way back into learning. The paper argues that current educational…

Smyth, John; McInerney, Peter

2012-01-01

276

Emotional Health and Well-Being in Schools: Involving Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prevalence studies of emotional health and well-being (EHWB) of young people indicate that that there is cause for concern. Very few studies have examined EHWB from the perspective of young people. This study examined the views of young people about their EHWB in the context of secondary education in the UK. Eight focus groups were conducted in…

Coombes, Lindsey; Appleton, Jane V.; Allen, Debby; Yerrell, Paul

2013-01-01

277

Ordinary Lives: An Ethnographic Study of Young People Attending Entry to Employment Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the findings from a one-year ethnographic study of young people attending Entry to Employment (E2E) programmes in two local authorities in the north of England. The paper locates E2E within the broader context of provision for low-achieving young people and of UK government policy on reducing the proportion of young people who…

Russell, Lisa; Simmons, Robin; Thompson, Ron

2011-01-01

278

Housing First Services for People Who Are Homeless With Co-Occurring Serious Mental Illness and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on homeless adults with severe mental illness is generally silent on a critical issue surrounding service delivery—the contrast between housing first and treatment first program philosophies. This study draws on data from a longitudinal experiment contrasting a housing first program (which offers immediate permanent housing without requiring treatment compliance or abstinence) and treatment first (standard care) programs for

Deborah K. Padgett; Leyla Gulcur; Sam Tsemberis

2006-01-01

279

Mental Health Service Use by Young People: The Role of Caregiver Characteristics  

PubMed Central

Aims Many children and adolescents experiencing mental health problems do not receive appropriate care. Strategies to encourage appropriate access to services might be improved by a more detailed understanding of service use determinants within this group. In view of caregivers’ key role in young people’s pathways to care, this study aimed to advance understanding of caregiver-related characteristics that influence service use among young people. Methods We interviewed 407 primary caregivers of young people aged 9-18 years, recruited from a Greater London (United Kingdom) community sample. Caregivers reported on young people’s service use in health care sector and/or education settings, and caregivers’ intended stigmatising behaviours, help-seeking attitudes, and personal service use. Logistic regression analyses examined the relationship between these caregiver characteristics and young people’s service use, controlling for young people’s clinical and socio-demographic factors. Results Caregivers’ intended stigmatising behaviours in particular exerted a strong influence on young people’s service use within each service setting. The impact of this characteristic interacted with caregivers’ service use in influencing young people’s service use across health care and education settings and health care settings specifically. For young people’s service use within education settings, caregivers’ intended stigmatising behaviours score had a main effect. Conclusions This study highlights the key role caregivers’ attitudes and experiences hold in young people’s service use. The findings indicate that strategies aiming to bridge the gap between young people’s service needs and utilisation might be improved by targeting stigma amongst caregivers. PMID:25811867

Gronholm, Petra C.; Ford, Tamsin; Roberts, Ruth E.; Thornicroft, Graham; Laurens, Kristin R.; Evans-Lacko, Sara

2015-01-01

280

Sexual behaviour of young people in international tourist resorts  

PubMed Central

Background/objectives: Increasingly, young people travel abroad to experience nightlife in international resorts. Although media coverage of such resorts suggests high levels of sexual activity, little empirical data are currently available. We have measured: 3 year trends in sexual behaviour of young people visiting Ibiza, levels of sexual risk taking, and their relation to substance use. Additionally, in 2002 we identified levels of homosexual sex and sexual interactions between UK residents and individuals from other countries. Methods: Data were collected from visitors to Ibiza between 2000 and 2002 just before they left the island. Information on sexual health was surveyed using a short anonymous questionnaire. Results: Over half of individuals (56.0%) visiting Ibiza had sex with at least one person, with 26.2% of males and 14.5% of females having sex with more than one individual. However, of those arriving without sexual partners (75.5%) just under half (47.5%) have sex in Ibiza and most of these (62.4%) always used condoms. Having any sex abroad was associated with using illicit drugs and having more sexual partners in the 6 months before visiting Ibiza. However, having unprotected sex or sex with more than one person was associated with smoking as well as having higher numbers of sexual partners before their visit. Overall, 8.6% of individuals had sex with a non-UK resident in Ibiza although such individuals were no more likely to have sex without condoms. Conclusions: Substantial numbers of individuals visiting international nightlife resorts have unprotected sex with people they meet while abroad. This poses an increasing threat to the sexual health of UK residents but as yet little attention has been paid to developing interventions that might reduce sexual risk taking among young people holidaying abroad. PMID:14755035

Bellis, M; Hughes, K; Thomson, R; Bennett, A

2004-01-01

281

Young Entrepreneurs: Young People Dream of Becoming Entrepreneurs, despite America's Lingering Recession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An August 2010 Harris Interactive[R] survey, commissioned by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, posed questions about entrepreneurship to 5,077 U.S. young people ages eight to twenty-four. The results show that business ownership continues to capture the imaginations of America's youth, particularly for those who know a successful entrepreneur…

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, 2011

2011-01-01

282

Being Young in Rural Settings: Young People's Everyday Community Affiliations and Trepidations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geographical isolation creates a special context of obligations, reciprocal relationships, social network systems, inclusion and exclusion strategies, and a need to focus on maintaining services, employment opportunities and business infrastructures. This research explored Australian young people's role and everyday circumstances within a rural…

Fabiansson, Charlotte

2006-01-01

283

Sexuality in young people with physical disabilities: theory and practice.  

PubMed

Sexuality and sexual function are important to persons with disabilities just as they are to their able-bodied counterparts, but knowledge about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among persons with disabilities is frequently inadequate. Adolescents and young adults with physical disabilities are less active socially, and have difficulties in developing intimate relationships. Thus, despite greater needs for SRH education and service delivery than persons without disabilities, dedicated services regarding sexuality and physical disabilities are scantly reported. Together with a literature survey on sexuality and disability in adolescents, a unique comprehensive SRH service for young people with physical disabilities is described in this review. Despite being interdisciplinary, the utilization of the service was limited due to difficulties in transportation to the clinic and in finding escort for aid in accessibility to public transportation. Health authorities should provide the resources for the development of accessible comprehensive multidisciplinary SRH services dedicated to young people with disabilities, and thus fulfill the United Nations General Assembly declaration on the rights of persons with disabilities. PMID:23045416

Hardoff, D

2012-09-01

284

Mental Illness, Homelessness Linked to Heart Disease in Study  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Mental Illness, Homelessness Linked to Heart Disease in Study High ... Feb. 24, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Homeless people with mental illness are at high risk for heart disease, a ...

285

People Experiencing Chronic Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... Guide on Legal Issues in Supportive Housing NIMBY Risk Assessment and Decision Tree Tool Home Works: Solving Family ... Cost-Effectiveness Studies Studies on Prevalence, Incidence, and Risk Factors Access Technical ... Assistance Referrals Application Assistance Housing Stabilization ...

286

Impaired Immune Function in a Homeless Population with Stress-Related Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Homeless people suffer high levels of psychological distress. The aim of the present work was to study the immune function in a group of homeless people with stress-related disorders and compare it with that of healthy non-homeless controls. Methods: We included in the study 40 homeless persons and 40 housed controls recruited from the population of Madrid and matched

Lorena Arranz; Aída de Vicente; Manuel Muñoz; Mónica De la Fuente

2009-01-01

287

FOOD IN THE FAMILY: BRINGING YOUNG PEOPLE BACK IN  

PubMed Central

This article analyzes eating and beliefs about family meals in the qualitative interview narratives of 30 “at-risk” gang-involved young women in the San Francisco Bay Area. We begin our examination of consumption practices with a study of households and identify three major types–extended, single-parent and blended. Within these households, food purchasing and consumption activities are varied, and in many cases, our respondents rely upon extended family members and non-kin relations for support. In examining eating within the family, we identify two sets of practices and meanings: eating alone, and eating with others. Eating alone is symbolic of independence from one’s family of origin, or is the result of familial conflict at the dinner table; however, it does not necessarily change our respondents’ eating patterns. Eating with others in the family remains important, and many of the young women value family meals, although there are significant obstacles to eating regularly with the entire nuclear family. Many of these young women play an important role in the purchasing and preparation of food for family members as well. This paper highlights the importance of understanding family eating practices from the perspective of young people in the family, whose contribution to family ingestive practices has tended to be underestimated in much of available research literature. PMID:21219948

Hunt, Geoffrey; Fazio, Adam; MacKenzie, Kathleen; Moloney, Molly

2011-01-01

288

More and more young people get HIV / AIDS.  

PubMed

The effect of the economic crisis on the intensification of the HIV/AIDS epidemic among young people in Asia is reported. More young girls are forced into prostitution to support their families. In Thailand, the success in promoting safe sexual practices has been missed. The urgency of economic recovery has reduced the public health education issue in the list of priorities of the government. In the Philippines, heterosexual transmission of AIDS still accounts for the most common route of transmission. The Department of Social Work and Development brought street prostitutes both female and male aged 12-14 years old to the SERRA Institute for Girls in Maricaban and a shelter house for boys in Pasay. Here, they were given the choice to either stay at the shelters or return to their homes. However, many children escape from the rehabilitation centers, resisting authority, and resume the routine of life on the street. PMID:12349210

289

Tasmania's Rural and Isolated Young People: Issues, Solutions and Strategies. Report of a Community Consultation with Young People, Government, Youth and Organisations, in Rural and Isolated Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Tasmanian (Australia) Office of Youth Affairs and Family conducted consultations concerning issues impacting young people living in rural and isolated areas. Eight workshops specifically for youth were attended by 123 young people. Five community forums were attended by 25-30 participants each. The difficulties of living in isolated situations…

Tasmanian Office of Youth Affairs, Hobart (Australia).

290

Value Considerations in an Information Ecology: Printed Materials, Service Providers and Homeless Young People  

E-print Network

are negotiating the transition from child to autonomous adult as well as coping with issues such as mental illness deserved the attention that I had robbed from them when my parents were so preoccupied with my mental and safety. This struggle can lead to illegal activities, which then lead to criminal histories and increased

Anderson, Richard

291

Being ‘an authentic alteño’: young people in a Bolivian Andean city  

Microsoft Academic Search

What does it mean to be young in El Alto, a Bolivian shantytown? Based on ethnographic research, this article looks at cultural resilience among young people in a vulnerable urban context. It emphasises how young people value informal youth groups as a tool to valorise their own indigenous culture. This is echoed in the world of adults, implying that the

Melania Calestani

2012-01-01

292

Being "An Authentic Alteno": Young People in a Bolivian Andean City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What does it mean to be young in El Alto, a Bolivian shantytown? Based on ethnographic research, this article looks at cultural resilience among young people in a vulnerable urban context. It emphasises how young people value informal youth groups as a tool to valorise their own indigenous culture. This is echoed in the world of adults, implying…

Calestani, Melania

2012-01-01

293

The Cost of Drug Use in Adolescence: Young People, Money and Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is now common for young people in full-time compulsory education to hold part-time jobs. However, while the 1990s experienced a rise in illicit drug use particularly among young people and an increase in the level of interest in identifying factors associated with drug use, little attention has been paid to the influence of the money young

McCrystal, Patrick; Percy, Andrew; Higgins, Kathryn

2007-01-01

294

Love Bugs: promoting sexual health among young people in Samoa.  

PubMed

Issues addressed This project addressed the sexual health and well being of youth in Samoa; a key at-risk group experiencing high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and alienation from sexual health services. Methods Love Bugs included a health promotion event held at the National University of Samoa (NUS), exposing young people to sexual health information and developing personal skills and building self-efficacy around healthy relationships, communication and safer sex. A survey provided insights into participants' knowledge and perceptions of sexual health, STIs and healthy relationships. In response to survey results, six free condom dispensers were installed at NUS. Results Love Bugs exposed over 500 Samoan youth to positive sexual health information and provided an opportunity for personal skill development with regard to protecting sexual health and well being. Condom dispensers were developed and installed on the university campus for the ongoing access by students without concern of cost or embarrassment. Strong partnerships were built between key community and government stakeholders that encouraged collaborative action towards protecting sexual health and well being of Samoan youth. Conclusions Love Bugs was a successful initiative which addressed sexual health and well being of young people in Samoa. A comprehensive evaluation should be undertaken. So what? Love Bugs highlighted creative and culturally-appropriate ways to address sexual health in the Pacific. Rates of STIs and unplanned pregnancies, particularly for youth, could be reduced through investment in the implementation and evaluation of such initiatives. PMID:25436987

Heard, Emma; Auvaa, Leveti; Pickering, Charlotte

2014-12-01

295

Housing Stability Over Two Years and HIV Risk among Newly Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stability of living situation was examined as a predictor of young people’s HIV-related sexual and drug use acts two years\\u000a after leaving home for the first time. Newly homeless youth aged 12–20 years were recruited in Los Angeles County, California,\\u000a U.S.A. (n = 261) and Melbourne, Australia (n = 165) and followed longitudinally at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Their family history of

Doreen Rosenthal; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus; Philip Batterham; Shelley Mallett; Eric Rice; Norweeta G. Milburn

2007-01-01

296

Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: "No One Likes Street Kids"--Even in the Castro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, focused on five transgender and gay youth of color from San Francisco, explored how family problems, poverty, homophobia, and transphobia propelled them into homelessness and made gay-friendly spaces and resources especially meaningful to them. These young people describe seeking support in San Francisco's well-known gay enclave, the…

Reck, Jen

2009-01-01

297

Tools and Techniques to Teach Earth Sciences to Young People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study aims to identify the tools available to disseminate the Earth sciences to young people in Brazil and to propose new techniques that may help in the teaching of such subjects. The use of scientific dissemination can be a great tool for the consolidation of a scientific culture, especially for a public of young students. The starting point of this study is an important characteristic that is present in virtually all the children: curiosity. The young public tries to understand how the world is and how it works. The use of scientific dissemination and some educational experiences have shown that these students have a great ability to learn and deal with various topics within the Earth Sciences. Another relevant point is the possibility to show that the Earth sciences, e.g., geophysics, oceanography, meteorology, geology and geography, can be an educational attractive option. Several ways of disseminating Earth sciences are commonly used with the purpose of attracting and mainly teaching these subjects, such as websites, interactive museums and cultural and educational spaces. The objectives of this work are: i) Investigate the role of science centers as motivators in disseminating the scientific knowledge by examining the communication resources that are being employed, the acceptance, reaction, and interest of children to these means, and ii) From this analysis, to list suggestions of contents and new tools that could be used for obtaining better results.

Constantino, R.; Dicelis, G.; Molina, E. C.

2010-12-01

298

Westernization and Tobacco Use Among Young People in Delhi, India  

PubMed Central

Few studies have explored the relationship between acculturation and health in non-immigrant populations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between “westernization” and tobacco use among adolescents living in Delhi, India. A bi-dimensional model of acculturation was adapted for use in this study to examine (a) whether young people's identification with Western culture in this setting is related to tobacco use and (b) whether their maintenance of more traditional Indian ways of living is related to tobacco use, also. Multiple types of tobacco use common in India (e.g., cigarettes, bidis, chewing tobacco) were considered. Socioeconomic status (SES), gender, and grade level were examined as potential effect modifiers of the relationship between “westernization” and tobacco use. The study was cross-sectional by design and included 3,512 students in eighth and tenth grades who were enrolled in 14 Private (higher SES) and Government (lower SES) schools in Delhi, India. A self-report survey was used to collect information on tobacco use and “westernization.” The results suggest that young people's identification with Western influences may increase their risk for tobacco use (p<0.001), while their maintenance of traditional Indian ways of living confers some protection (p<0.001). Importantly, these effects were independent of one another. Boys benefitted more from protective effects than girls, and tenth graders gained more consistent benefits than eighth graders in this regard, too. Negative effects associated with identification with Western ways of living were, in contrast, consistent across gender and grade level. The positive and negative effects of acculturation on adolescent tobacco use generalized across all tobacco products considered here. Future interventions designed to curb youth tobacco use in India may benefit by paying closer attention to cultural preferences of these young consumers. PMID:20598413

Stigler, Melissa H.; Dhavan, Poonam; Van Dusen, Duncan; Arora, Monika; Reddy, K. Srinath; Perry, Cheryl L.

2010-01-01

299

Engaging the Homeless Paranoid Patient  

PubMed Central

For people who are disenfranchised from society for other reasons, especially homelessness, a paranoid delusional system can create an additional obstacle in the therapeutic engagement and treatment of such individuals. In this article, we describe a composite case of a homeless woman with paranoid schizophrenia. Through this case example, we will explore various obstacles to treatment and discuss strategies to overcome these hurdles to treatment, initiate a therapeutic alliance, and further facilitate and maintain therapy. PMID:20526407

Patel, Gayatri

2007-01-01

300

The health of homeless immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:This study examined the association between immigrant status and current health in a representative sample of 1189 homeless people in Toronto, Canada.Methods:Multivariate regression analyses were performed to examine the relationship between immigrant status and current health status (assessed using the SF-12) among homeless recent immigrants (?10 years since immigration), non-recent immigrants (>10 years since immigration) and Canadian-born individuals recruited at

S Chiu; D A Redelmeier; G Tolomiczenko; A Kiss; S W Hwang

2009-01-01

301

Engineering and Science Experts Needed to Assist Young People 14 January 2014  

E-print Network

There is a request from Lansing, Michigan for expert assistance in trials of young protestors who blocked. It seems that this situation will not change much as long as the number of young people standing up remains

Hansen, James E.

302

Blogging as a Viable Research Methodology for Young People With Arthritis: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background The development of services that are responsive to the needs of users is a health policy priority. Finding ways of engaging young people in research to gain insights into their particular experiences, perspectives, and needs is vital but challenging. These data are critical to improving services in ways that meet the needs of young people. Objective Our aim was to evaluate Web-based blogging as a viable method for understanding the daily experiences and condition management strategies of young people with juvenile arthritis. Methods To meet the objectives of the study, a qualitative approach was required to gather information on the experiences and perspectives of young people regarding the management of their condition and its daily impact. In collaboration with a group of young people with arthritis, a custom website was developed. This website provided the opportunity for young people (aged 11-19) with arthritis from a United Kingdom pediatric hospital to contribute blogs. It was designed so that young people were free to write about whatever was important to them, but the site also included some structure and prompts to facilitate the writing of blogs. Qualitative analytical procedures were employed, supported by NVivo software. Results Engagement in the study by young people was variable in terms of their participation rates, frequency of website visits, and the length of their blogs. Young people used the site in different ways, some responding to the website categories and prompts that the team created, while others used it as a diary to record their experiences and thoughts. In line with principles of qualitative inquiry, the data collection was participant-led. Young people were in control of what, how much, and how often they wrote. However, some young people expressed difficulty regarding knowing what they should blog about. For a number of reasons, discussed here, the blogs may also not be fully reflective of experiences and perspectives of the participants. However, the data obtained provided insights into young people’s experiences of living with arthritis and their use of medicines in the context of their daily lives. Conclusions Web-based research with young people presents opportunities and challenges for researchers. Web-based blogging methodology has the potential to give young people and parents the space and empowerment to express their own ideas and concerns. However, this project suggests that it might not be the best way to engage a large diverse group of young people and might most effectively be combined with other approaches. Despite these limitations, the study provided valuable data about the experience and impact of living with a long-term condition from the perspectives of young people with arthritis. PMID:25749691

Gray, Nicola J; Smith, Felicity J; McDonagh, Janet E

2015-01-01

303

Children's and Young People's Reading Today: Findings from the 2011 National Literacy Trust's Annual Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was funded by law firm Slaughter and May and carried out with 21,000 children and young people across the UK. One of its key findings is that children and young people are reading less as their lives get more crowded. In 2005 the researchers found that four young people in 10 read daily outside of class. This research carried out at…

Clark, Christina

2012-01-01

304

Relational aspects in career and life-designing of young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relational aspects in the life-designing of young people are the focus of this article. These aspects consist of the involvement\\u000a and use of one’s relational network in life-designing. The data consists of 146 narratives of young people, 111 ninth graders\\u000a in comprehensive school and 35 students in upper secondary school. The research question centres around how young people narrate\\u000a the

Marjatta Vanhalakka-Ruoho

2010-01-01

305

A motivation-based explanatory model of street drinking among young people.  

PubMed

This social marketing study focuses on street drinking behavior among young people. The objective is to divide the market of young people who engage in this activity into segments according to their motivations. For the three segments identified, a behavior model is created using the beliefs, attitudes, behavior, and social belonging of young people who engage in street drinking. The methodology used individual questionnaires filled in by a representative sample of young people. The results show that the behavior model follows the sequence of attitudes-beliefs-behavior and that social belonging influences these three variables. Similarly, differences are observed in the behavior model depending on the segment individuals belong to. PMID:25068605

Martín-Santana, Josefa D; Beerli-Palacio, Asunción; Fernández-Monroy, Margarita

2014-01-01

306

Effects of norm referent salience on young people's dietary orientation.  

PubMed

We examined the effects of making salient different norm referents on young people's dietary orientation. Participants were exposed to a referent who was either of similar age to themselves or older before reporting their normative beliefs, attitudes and intentions concerning dietary behavior. As predicted, exposure to the older referent was associated with stronger perceptions that eating five portions of fruit and vegetables each day was normative. Compared to those exposed to the same-age referent, participants exposed to the older referent reported more positive attitudes towards eating "five-a-day" and stronger intentions to do so over the coming week. Referent salience was also associated with a behavioral outcome, with those participants exposed to the older referent more likely to take a piece of fruit upon completion of the study (OR: 4.97, 95% CI: 1.39-17.82). The implications of these findings for norms-based interventions for changing dietary behavior are discussed. PMID:25447012

Tarrant, Mark; Khan, Sammyh S; Qin, Qi

2015-02-01

307

Why do young people with chronic kidney disease die early?  

PubMed Central

Cardiovascular disease poses the greatest risk of premature death seen among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Up to 50% of mortality risk in the dialysis population is attributable to cardiovascular disease and the largest relative excess mortality is observed in younger patients. In early CKD, occlusive thrombotic coronary disease is common, but those who survive to reach end-stage renal failure requiring dialysis are more prone to sudden death attributable mostly to sudden arrhythmic events and heart failure related to left ventricular hypertrophy, coronary vascular calcification and electrolyte disturbances. In this review, we discuss the basis of the interaction of traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease with various pathological processes such as endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, low grade chronic inflammation, neurohormonal changes and vascular calcification and stiffness which account for the structural and functional cardiac changes that predispose to excess morbidity and mortality in young people with CKD. PMID:25374808

Kumar, Shankar; Bogle, Richard; Banerjee, Debasish

2014-01-01

308

Educating Against Extremism: Towards a Critical Politicisation of Young People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is based on a recently published book, Educating Against Extremism (Davies, Educating Against Extremism, 2008), which explores the potential role of schools in averting the more negative and violent forms of extremism in a country. It examines the nature of extremism; identity formation and radicalisation; religious belief, faith schools and the myth of equal value; justice, revenge and honour; and free speech, humour and satire. The paper argues that religious fundamentalism, as well as state terrorism, needs to be addressed in schools. The argument in the book is for a greater politicisation of young people through the forging of critical (dis)respect and the use of a secular basis of human rights. Specific forms of citizenship education are needed, which provide skills to analyse the media and political or religious messages, but also enable critical idealism to be fostered.

Davies, Lynn

2009-05-01

309

Homelessness and Information Systems: Diverse Settings, Common Questions  

E-print Network

Homelessness and Information Systems: Diverse Settings, Common Questions David G. Hendry The Info pre- selected audience discussants will seed a participatory dialog con- cerning homelessness the welfare of homeless people and discuss the potential impacts of information systems on four dimensions

Anderson, Richard

310

Shadow Count 2012: Help New York City's Homeless Be Counted!  

E-print Network

! Shadow Count 2012: Help New York City's Homeless Be Counted! Become a Shadow Count Decoy Shadow Count 2012 What: Monday Jan. 30th ­ 31st (overnight), the NYC Department of Homeless Services (DHS) will send hundreds of volunteers all across the city to count NYC's unsheltered homeless people

Qiu, Weigang

311

Shadow Count 2012: Help New York City's Homeless Be Counted!  

E-print Network

! Shadow Count 2012: Help New York City's Homeless Be Counted! Become a Shadow Count Decoy Shadow Count 2013 What: Monday Jan. 28th ­ 29th (overnight), the NYC Department of Homeless Services (DHS) will send hundreds of volunteers all across the city to count NYC's unsheltered homeless people

Qiu, Weigang

312

Head injury and mortality in the homeless.  

PubMed

Risk factors for head injury are also risk factors for becoming homeless but there is little research on this vulnerable group, who can be neglected by health services that specialize in acquired brain injury. This study investigates the prevalence of admissions to hospital with a head injury in the homeless and associations with later mortality. It compares homeless people with and without a record of hospitalized head injury (HHI) and the Glasgow population. Data were obtained from a U.K. National Health Service strategy to enhance care of the homeless. This included development and production of local registers of homeless people. In Glasgow, the initiative took place over a seven-year period (2004-2010) and comprised 40 general practitioner (family practice) services in the locality of 55 homeless hostels. The register was linked to hospital admissions with head injury recorded in Scottish Medical Records and to the General Register of Scotland, which records deaths. A total of 1590 homeless people was registered in general practitioner (family doctor) returns. The prevalence of admission to hospital with head injury in the homeless over a 30-year period (13.5%) was 5.4 times higher than in the Glasgow population. In the homeless with HHI, 33.6% died in the seven-year census period, compared with 13.9% in the homeless with no hospitalized HI (NHHI). The standardized mortality ratio for HHI (4.51) was more than twice that for NHHI (2.08). The standardized mortality ratio for HHI aged 15-34 (17.54) was particularly high. These findings suggest that HHI is common in the homeless relative to the general population and is a risk factor for late mortality in the homeless population. PMID:25010750

McMillan, Thomas M; Laurie, Marie; Oddy, Michael; Menzies, Mark; Stewart, Elaine; Wainman-Lefley, Jessica

2015-01-15

313

Anger and globalization among young people in India.  

PubMed

This article addresses the challenges faced by youth in developing countries. Using India as an example of a fast-globalizing country, this article highlights the experience and challenges faced by adolescents and emerging adults as they search for their interpersonal and professional identities. The difficulties of defining identity in the context of rapid globalization where people are exposed to diverse cultural forces that may conflict with each other are particularly salient when dealing with anger. Anger frequently results from thwarted wants and needs. In globalizing developing economies, young people often face inequitable access and opportunities that may be cause for distress-anger and depression. However, the skills to deal with anger are frequently culturally determined and may not be effective in situations where multiple cultural rules are operational. For example, India being a collectivist culture traditionally encourages the suppression of anger. However, situations and rules of conduct in a global economic order require the assertive expression of anger and the confrontation of conflict. Research that is methodologically and culturally appropriate is needed in exploring these issues and ameliorating distress associated with inequity, conflicts, and challenges. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25732018

Suchday, Sonia

2015-03-01

314

Evaluating youth-friendly health services: young people’s perspectives from a simulated client study in urban South Africa  

PubMed Central

Background Few youth-friendly health services worldwide have been scaled up or evaluated from young people’s perspectives. South Africa’s Youth Friendly Services (YFS) programme is one of the few to have been scaled up. This study investigated young people’s experiences of using sexual and reproductive health services at clinics providing the YFS programme, compared to those that did not, using the simulated client method. Design Fifteen primary healthcare clinics in Soweto were randomly sampled: seven provided the YFS programme. Simulated clients conducted 58 visits; young men requested information on condom reliability and young women on contraceptive methods. There were two outcome measures: a single measure of the overall clinic experience (clinic visit score) and whether or not simulated clients would recommend a clinic to their peers. The clinic visit score was based on variables relating to the simulated clients’ interactions with staff, details of their consultation, privacy, confidentiality, the healthcare workers’ characteristics, and the clinic environment. A larger score corresponds to a worse experience than a smaller one. Multilevel regression models and framework analysis were used to investigate young people’s experiences. Results Health facilities providing the YFS programme did not deliver a more positive experience to young people than those not providing the programme (mean difference in clinic visit score: ?0.18, 95% CI: ?0.95, 0.60, p=0.656). They were also no more likely to be recommended by simulated clients to their peers (odds ratio: 0.48, 95% CI: 0.11, 2.10, p=0.331). More positive experiences were characterised by young people as those where healthcare workers were friendly, respectful, knew how to talk to young people, and appeared to value them seeking health information. Less positive experiences were characterised by having to show soiled sanitary products to obtain contraceptives, healthcare workers expressing negative opinions about young people seeking information, lack of privacy, and inadequate information. Conclusions The provision and impact of the YFS programme are limited. Future research should explore implementation. Regular training and monitoring could enable healthcare workers to address young people’s needs. PMID:25623610

Geary, Rebecca S.; Webb, Emily L.; Clarke, Lynda; Norris, Shane A.

2015-01-01

315

Identifying the Precipitants of Homeless Protest across 17 U.S. Cities, 1980 to 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1980s, homeless people formed social movement organizations and mobilized collective action events in cities across the US. From the vantage point of social movement theories and scholarship on homelessness, it is surprising that homeless protest was so prevalent in the 1980s. Yet we find evidence of homeless protest events across no…

Snow, David A.; Soule, Sarah A.; Cress, Daniel M.

2005-01-01

316

Health-Seeking Challenges Among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Approximately 1.5 to 2 million homeless young persons live on the streets in the United States. With the current economic situation, research is needed on quality of services geared toward homeless young adults. Objectives The objective of this study was to explore homeless young adults' perspectives on barriers and facilitators of health-care-seeking behavior and their perspectives on improving existing programs for homeless persons. Methods This article is a descriptive qualitative study using focus groups, with a purposeful sample of 24 homeless drug-using young adults. Results Identified themes were failing access to care based on perceived structural barriers (limited clinic sites, limited hours of operation, priority health conditions, and long wait times) and social barriers (perception of discrimination by uncaring professionals, law enforcement, and society in general). Discussion Results provide insight into programmatic and agency resources that facilitate health-seeking behaviors among homeless young adults and include implications for more research with providers of homeless health and social services. PMID:20404776

Hudson, Angela L.; Nyamathi, Adeline; Greengold, Barbara; Slagle, Alexandra; Koniak-Griffin, Deborah; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Getzoff, Daniel

2010-01-01

317

“Dying a hero”: parents’ and young people’s discourses on concurrent sexual partnerships in rural Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Concurrent sexual partnerships (CSPs) have been speculated to drive the HIV pandemic in many sub-Saharan African countries. We have limited understanding of how people think and talk about CSPs, how beliefs are transmitted across generations, and how this might affect the practice. This paper explores these issues to understand how CSPs are perpetuated and help identify opportunities for interventions to modify them. Methods The study employed an ethnographic research design involving: participant observation in 10 households, 60 in-depth interviews (IDIs), and nine participatory focus group discussions (FGDs). Participants were young people aged 14-24 and parents/carers of young people within this age group. The 60 IDIs were conducted with: 17 fathers, 13 mothers, 13 young men and 17 young women (six of whom had had unplanned pregnancies and 11 had no children). The nine FGDs were conducted with groups of: fathers (2), mothers (2), young women (2), and young men (3). A discourse analysis was carried out with all the transcripts. Data were analysed with the aid of NVIVO 8 software. Results Six distinct discourses were identified from the way participants talked about CSPs and the norms driving the practice: 1) predatory masculine sexuality; 2) masculine respectability; 3) feminine respectability; 4) empowered modern women; 5) traditional health beliefs; 6) public health. Discourses legitimating CSPs were drawn on and reproduced primarily by young people and the media and only indirectly by parents. Discourses discouraging CSPs were used primarily by parents, religious leaders and learning institutions and only indirectly by young people themselves. Conclusion Better knowledge of the discourses through which young people CSPs, and how these discourses are transmitted across generations, might help develop “culturally compelling” interventions that modify these discourses to enhance sexual health. PMID:25048413

2014-01-01

318

Violence in schools and representations of young people: a critique of government policies in France and England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines media discourses in France and in Britain relating to young people, violence and disaffection in schools, setting these within the framework of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which emphasises young people’s participation rights. It analyses policy initiatives developed since 1997 in each country to address concerns about young people, disaffection and violence, examining

Audrey Osler; Hugh Starkeyb

2005-01-01

319

Constructing Adulthood in Discussions about the Futures of Young People with Moderate-Profound Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examines how those planning futures for young people with moderate-profound intellectual disabilities invoke, deploy and interpret contrasting definitions of adulthood and perceived capacity for autonomy and self-determination. Methods: Twenty-eight young people were followed through transition from children: s to adult…

Murphy, Elizabeth; Clegg, Jennifer; Almack, Kathryn

2011-01-01

320

New Learning Worlds: The Significance of Nature in the Lives of Marginalised Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores a hitherto neglected issue: the significance of nature in the learning lives of marginalised young people. Drawing on both post-human and sociocultural perspectives, it develops a theoretical analysis of this important subject. It uses research with 114 young people in jobs without training in rural South-west England to…

Quinn, Jocey

2013-01-01

321

Research Summary Wood you believe it? Children's and young people's perceptions of climate change  

E-print Network

towards FCE's aim of assessing current public understanding of climate change and the role of trees, woods investigate children and young people's perceptions and knowledge of climate change and the role of trees, parents' perceptions and the media) had any impact on the children's and young people's perceptions. "They

322

Living with asthma: the experiences of young people at home and at school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is concerned with how young people with moderate to severe asthma live with and explain the disorder and manage the resulting symptoms. Based on in-depth interviews with 55 young people aged 11–16 living in West London, it shows that asthma restricted their lives at school and recreationally but that they were actively involved with their condition and its

Jonathan Gabe; Michael Bury; Rosemary Ramsay

2002-01-01

323

Listening to Excluded Young People's Experiences of e-Safety and Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on excluded young people's experiences with and management of e-safety and risk. It has importance in exploring these concerns given that excluded young people's voices are very often absent in education and technology research and yet they are potentially more at risk when using Information and Communication…

Cranmer, Sue

2013-01-01

324

Researching with young people on health and environment: the politics of self-esteem and stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a research project with young people from a group called the Bellarine Youth Network (BYN). The project involved the identification of the perceptions of health and environmental issues held by these young people. A foundation of the project was that perceptions of health and environment were socially constructed, and reflected vested inter- ests and political agendas. Traditional

Derek Colquhoun

1997-01-01

325

The Usefulness of Motivational Interviewing as a Consultation and Assessment Tool for Working with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous case-study research has explored the efficacy of motivational interviewing (MI) as a therapeutic approach for supporting young people in schools. This article considers how MI may additionally be used as an assessment and consultation tool for ascertaining the needs of disaffected young people and identifying appropriate support…

Kittles, Michelle; Atkinson, Cathy

2009-01-01

326

The Youth Worker's Role in Young People's Sexual Health: A Practice Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual health promotion is of primary importance for young people in Australia, especially for vulnerable and at-risk young people. The authors first identify the important role of youth workers in engaging clients proactively around a broad range of sexual health issues, and then discuss real and perceived barriers that youth workers face in…

Janssen, Marty; Davis, Jackie

2009-01-01

327

Young People and the Environment in Australia: Beliefs, Knowledge, Commitment and Educational Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a paucity of research in Australia on the nature of young people's attitudes, knowledge and actions. This paper reports on the findings from one such study of Australian high school students. The research was based on a survey of 5,688 students form Melbourne and Brisbane. These young people identified protection of the environment…

Connell, Sharon; Fien, John; Sykes, Helen; Yencken, David

2014-01-01

328

Utilizing the New Media to Provide Mental Health Services to Young People H. Kritzenberger, M. Herczeg  

E-print Network

Utilizing the New Media to Provide Mental Health Services to Young People H. Kritzenberger, M and Evaluation) Grazer Str. 2a D-28334 Bremen Veröffentlicht: Utilizing the New Media to Provide Mental Health reports on a project on a mental health service offered on the web for young people, who have drug

Lübeck, Universität zu

329

Illicit drug availability in rural areas and attitudes toward their use - young people talking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hundred and seventy-four young people from a variety of back grounds throughout Lincolnshire took part in 35 focus groups to discuss the availability of illicit drugs in the area and attitudes towards their use. They reported that many drugs were freely available and accessible throughout the county, especially cannabis, LSD, ecstasy and am phetamines. For many young people, use

Myra Galt

1997-01-01

330

Improving Methods of Consulting with Young People: Piloting a New Model of Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National and international legislation has increasingly placed a duty on professionals to consult with young people about matters affecting their lives. Consequently, conducting consultation exercises with young people in order to improve the quality of services available is becoming established practice in many areas. Following on from previous…

Woolfson, Richard C.; Bryce, Donna; Mooney, Lindsay; Harker, Michael; Lowe, Dorothy; Ferguson, Ellen

2008-01-01

331

A new narrative of young people's health and well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people's health is continuing to improve in line with historic trends. Death rates are low and falling, and most young people say they are healthy, happy and enjoying life. For most, social conditions and opportunities have got better. Health efforts need to focus on the minorities whose well-being is lagging behind, especially the disadvantaged and marginalised. This is the

Richard Eckersley

2011-01-01

332

Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Young People in Education & Training 2013  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian education and training system offers a range of options for young people. This publication provides a summary of the statistics relating to young people aged 15 to 19 years who participated in an education and training activity during 2013 Information on participation is presented for VET in Schools students, higher education…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2014

2014-01-01

333

The Sexual and Reproductive Health of Young People in the Arab Countries and Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the sexual and reproductive health situation of young people aged 10–24 in the Arab states and Iran, based on published and unpublished literature and interviews with 51 key informants working mostly in NGOs and international agencies in the region. There are few national government programmes addressing young people's sexual and reproductive health, with the exceptions of Tunisia

Jocelyn DeJong; Rana Jawad; Iman Mortagy; Bonnie Shepard

2005-01-01

334

Relational Aspects in Career and Life-Designing of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relational aspects in the life-designing of young people are the focus of this article. These aspects consist of the involvement and use of one's relational network in life-designing. The data consists of 146 narratives of young people, 111 ninth graders in comprehensive school and 35 students in upper secondary school. The research question…

Vanhalakka-Ruoho, Marjatta

2010-01-01

335

Changing the Culture of Young People's Binge Drinking: From Motivations to Practical Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: This paper explores young people's own opinions about how the "drinking to get drunk" culture can be changed. More precisely, the two objectives of this study were to explore: (1) whether young people viewed binge drinking as a real "problem"; and (2) what they thought could be done to reduce binge drinking. Methods: Forty in-depth…

Coleman, Lester; Cater, Suzanne

2007-01-01

336

On Doing 'Being Teenager' Applying Ethnomethodology to the Analysis of Young People's Use of Mobile Phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies have previously shown that young people are more expressive in their use of technology than the adult user. Therefore, it is essential to use a different approach when designing for this age. This paper explores how methods from social science, Ethnomethodology and Conversation analysis, can be used to inform the design of new information technology for young people. Ethnomethodology

Alexandra Weilenmann; Catrine Larsson

337

Young People, New Technologies and Learning at Home: Taking Context Seriously  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents findings from a large-scale mixed methods study of young people's uses of new technologies at home to address a number of key conceptual issues in understanding the home as context for learning. First it is argued that young people's engagement with new technologies is fundamentally bound up with their own identity. It then goes…

Furlong, John; Davies, Chris

2012-01-01

338

Strategies of Young People's Self-Determination in Life in the Sphere of Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The labor market for young people can be seen as an independent, integral segment of the overall labor market, one that can be singled out on the basis of the way that young people function in society as a special social and demographic group characterized by the needs and interests that are typical of it, a group that occupies a specific place in…

Skutneva, S. V.

2007-01-01

339

Towards an understanding of young people's conceptualisation of food and eating  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people's perceptions of food were explored in this qualitative research project. Eighty-one adolescents aged 13 or 14 years participated in semi-structured individual interviews in which the meaning of and associated beliefs concerning foods were examined. The findings indicate that many young people conceptualise and classify foods into either 'healthy' or 'fast' foods. Data analysis indicated that the percerved social

Richard G Watt; Aubrey Sheiham

1997-01-01

340

Individualisation and social exclusion: the case of young people not in education, employment or training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The characteristics, experiences and long-term prospects of young people outside the labour market and education have attracted widespread international attention in recent decades, and the specific category of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET) has been a policy concern for the UK Government since 1997. This paper examines the analytical and empirical basis of our knowledge of

Ron Thompson

2011-01-01

341

Young People with Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Do Those with Learning Disabilities Form a Distinct Subgroup?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines 102 young people with Learning Disabilities (n = 51) and without a learning disability (NLD; n = 51) to explore ways in which LD young people with harmful sexual behaviours (HSB) should be recognized as a subgroup requiring specialized treatment and intervention. Throughout this comparison of perpetrator, victim and abuse…

Almond, Louise; Giles, Susan

2008-01-01

342

Constructing Identities and Making Careers: Young People's Perspectives on Work and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that "transition" offers a limited and outmoded conceptual frame for understanding young people's engagement with work and learning. It draws on two studies of young people to provide insights into the study and work experiences of older and school-aged youth. Our analysis suggests that rather than focussing narrowly on…

Stokes, Helen; Wyn, Johanna

2007-01-01

343

Young People's Gatherings in the Urban Public Realm enhancement of or distraction from its liveability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on where young people gather in the urban public realm, and the effect that this may have on the perceived liveability of an area. Gatherings of young people have become very topical in the UK in recent years, especially because of the way that the public perceives this activity as intimidating and potentially aggressive. This has resulted

Reem Zako

2009-01-01

344

The significance of employment as a goal for young people with recorded Special Educational Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the significance and validity of employment as a goal for young people with special educational needs. It begins by discussing the salience of employment as a key stage in the transition to adulthood. Drawing on an SOED?funded study of the post?16 experiences of young people with special educational needs, perceptions of the importance of employment held by

Sheila Riddell; Kate Ward; George O. B. Thomson

1993-01-01

345

Us and Them: Young People's Constructions of National Identity in Cyprus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore young people's constructions of national identity in Cyprus. The article is based on focus group discussions with 20 Greek-speaking and 20 Turkish-speaking young people between 13 and 15 years of age, drawn from two schools in the divided capital city of Nicosia. The article explores both the ways in which…

Leonard, Madeleine

2012-01-01

346

Yshareit: A Project Promoting the Use of E-Mental Health Resources among Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The yshareit project aims to increase awareness of and access to reputable e-mental health resources among young people. This is achieved by developing peer support networks, supported by e-mental health resources including the triage website, http://www.yshareit.com. Young people involved in the evaluation of the project described in this paper…

Spiranovic, Caroline; Briggs, Kate; Kirkby, Kenneth; Mobsby, Caroline; Daniels, Brett

2008-01-01

347

The turning tides of intoxication: young people's drinking in Britain in the 2000s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of recent changes in young people's consumption of alcohol in Britain before then charting emerging academic perspectives and some of the recent regulatory and legislative changes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form of a selective narrative review of young people's alcohol consumption in the last ten years

Fiona Measham

2008-01-01

348

Dramatherapy with Children, Young People and Schools: Enabling Creativity, Sociability, Communication and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Dramatherapy with Children, Young People and Schools" is the first book to specifically evaluate the unique value of dramatherapy in the educational environment. A variety of highly experienced dramatherapists, educational psychologists and childhood experts discuss the benefits to the children and young people, and also in relation to the…

Leigh, Lauraine, Ed.; Gersch, Irvine, Ed.; Dix, Ann, Ed.; Haythorne, Deborah, Ed.

2012-01-01

349

Engaging Young People with Atypical Gender Identity Development in Therapeutic Work: A Developmental Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gender identity disorders (GID) in young people are complex and often distressing conditions. The paper starts by examining the experience of the professional worker resulting from the interaction with this group of young people and their families. This is frequently characterised by a sense of being under pressure and in danger. The view put…

Di Ceglie, Domenico

2009-01-01

350

The Global Youth Media Council: Young People Speaking and Learning about Media Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 5th World Summit on Media for Children and Youth held in Karlstad, Sweden in June 2010 provided a unique media literacy experience for approximately thirty young people from diverse backgrounds through participation in the Global Youth Media Council. This article focuses on the Summit's aim to give young people a "voice" through intercultural…

Dezuanni, Michael Luigi; Miles, Prue

2011-01-01

351

Adolescent Health 3 Mental health of young people: a global public-health challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental disorders account for a large proportion of the disease burden in young people in all societies. Most mental disorders begin during youth (12-24 years of age), although they are often fi rst detected later in life. Poor mental health is strongly related to other health and development concerns in young people, notably lower educational achievements, substance abuse, violence, and

Vikram Patel; Alan J Flisher; Sarah Hetrick; Patrick McGorry

352

Being Judged, Being Assessed: Young People's Perspective of Assessment in Youth Justice and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research from the Economic and Social Research Council programme on Pathways Into and Out of Crime prioritised young people's "voices" in exploring experiences of crime and a range of intervention services. Drawing on data from interviews with 110 young people, this paper explores their perspectives of professional assessment. Embedded within…

Ellis, Katie; France, Alan

2012-01-01

353

Decolonizing Imaginaries: Rethinking "the People" in the Young Lords' Church Offensive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay is an attempt to come to terms with the Young Lords' popular liberation rhetoric in the church offensive. Building from Michael Calvin McGee's observation that ""the people" are more process than phenomenon," I explore the ways in which the Young Lords' craft "the people's repertory of convictions" from diverse rhetorical resources in…

Enck-Wanzer, Darrel

2012-01-01

354

Sexual Violence and Reproductive Health among Young People in Three Communities in Jamaica  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A secondary analysis of data collected from 1,130 young people ages 15 to 24 in a population-based household survey to assess the reproductive health needs of young people in three communities in Jamaica was conducted to determine the relationships among three measures of sexual violence, background variables, three measures of sexual risk taking…

Geary, Cynthia Waszak; Wedderburn, Maxine; McCarraher, Donna; Cuthbertson, Carmen; Pottinger, Audrey

2006-01-01

355

Focus groups with young people: a participatory approach to research planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present our experiences of conducting focus groups with young people as part of a participatory approach to research design and participant recruitment. The research is a prospective, 10-year, qualitative, longitudinal project investigating young people's daily lives, relationships, and identities, and the ways these change over time. It adopts a multi-method approach in which each participant has

Anna Bagnoli; Andrew Clark

2010-01-01

356

Adolescent Substance Abuse among Young People Excluded from School in Belfast  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lifestyles of young people excluded from school have received much attention recently, particularly in relation to illicit drug use. Commentators have acknowledged that they constitute a high-risk group to social disaffection and substance abuse. This paper reports on a group of 48 young people living in Belfast aged 13-14 years who are…

McCrystal, Patrick; Higgins, Kathryn; Percy, Andrew; Thornton, Maeve

2005-01-01

357

School-Based Health Education Provision for Young People in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Northern Ireland, young people exist in a health environment where the experience of social disadvantage is translated into serious risks to health and personal development. The years of political conflict have tended to obscure these health problems, and it is important that the difficulties faced by young people are examined and…

McAleavy, Gerry; McCrystal, Patrick

2007-01-01

358

Drug Prevention for Young People with Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties Attending Special Education Provision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The levels of drug use amongst school-aged young people have risen over the past decade. Prevention initiatives have been developed using empirical evidence obtained from school-based surveys. The empirical evidence base of drug use amongst young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) attending special education…

McCrystal, Patrick

2008-01-01

359

New visions of social control? Young people's perceptions of community penalties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article engages with youth perspectives on community penalties, examining the significance of their sense of voicelessness and the indeterminacy of these interventions. The article examines young people's understandings of social inequality and racism, looking beyond issues of procedural fairness, legitimacy, and compliance to questions about young people's ability to accommodate and challenge injustices and ultimately escape the net of

Alexandra Cox

2012-01-01

360

Imagining the mathematician: young people talking about popular representations of maths  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes both a critical analysis of some popular cultural texts about mathematics and mathematicians, and explores the ways in which young people deploy the discourses produced in these texts. We argue that there are particular (and sometimes contradictory) meanings and discourses about mathematics that circulate in popular culture, that young people use these as resources in identity making

Debbie Epstein; Heather Mendick; Marie-Pierre Moreau

2010-01-01

361

Perspectives on HIV/AIDS Stigma and Discrimination: Voices of Some Young People in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines Ghanaian young people's perceptions of the determinants of HIV- and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination, and how these perceptions may influence the de-stigmatisation process. Drawing on findings from an in-depth, multi-method qualitative study involving 104 school and street young people aged between 14 and 19 years,…

Oduro, Georgina Yaa; Otsin, Mercy

2013-01-01

362

Young people and physical activity: a systematic review matching their views to effective interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systematic review was conducted to examine the barriers to, and facilitators of, physical activity among young people (11-16 years). The review focused on the wider determinants of health, examining community- and society-level interventions. Four trials and 16 studies of young people's views were included. Evidence for the effectiveness of the interventions was limited, with some suggestions of improvements in

Rebecca Rees; J. Kavanagh; A. Harden; J. Shepherd; G. Brunton; S. Oliver; A. Oakley

2006-01-01

363

Taking the 21st Century Seriously: Young People, Education and Socio-Technical Futures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rhetoric about young people's "ownership" of future socio-technical change is a familiar part of much educational and political discourse. This does not, however, translate in practice into a meaningful dialogue with young people about the sorts of futures they might wish to see emerge. This paper argues that a number of social and technological…

Facer, Keri

2012-01-01

364

Negotiating Digital Literacy Practices across School and Home: Case Studies of Young People in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we suggest a view of young people's digital technology use as negotiated social and literate practice. Rather than emphasising the boundedness of school and home spaces and literacy practices, we argue that young people's practices that develop around their use of digital technologies flow across these spaces, making simple…

Bulfin, Scott; North, Sue

2007-01-01

365

Children and Young People's Views on Web 2.0 Technologies. LGA Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Web 2.0 technologies are online tools that allow users to share, collaborate and interact with one another. This small-scale project focused on young people's personal use of social media, and on the potential to use these tools to collect the views of young people and involve them in democracy in communities and local authorities. The main…

Rudd, Peter; Walker, Matthew

2010-01-01

366

Young People's Writing in 2011: Findings from the National Literacy Trust's Annual Literacy Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report only outlines findings that relate to writing, taken from the author's second annual literacy survey, which she conducted in November/December 2011. Nearly 21,000 young people aged 8 to 16 participated. Writing is an important issue in the UK today. While children's and young people's writing standards had plateaued between 2006 and…

Clark, Christina

2012-01-01

367

We Can Dream! Ways of Planning for the Future for Young People with Autistic Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is for young people and their families, friends and supporters to read and talk about together. It is based on the stories of four young people. Big changes happened for some of them; others are still waiting for things to change. The goal of the booklet is to give students ideas about how they may want to plan or change things when…

Davies, Jill; Burke, Christine; Mattingly, Molly

2009-01-01

368

Indigenous Young People in the Juvenile Justice System: 2010-11. Bulletin No. 109  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people are substantially over-represented in the juvenile justice system in Australia, and this over-representation is highest in the most serious processes and outcomes--particularly in detention. This bulletin examines the numbers and characteristics of Indigenous young people in the juvenile justice…

Morgan, Kirsten; Schlumpp, Arianne

2012-01-01

369

Patterns of Substance Use among Young People Attending Colleges of Further Education in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: Substance use and misuse amongst young people attending colleges of further education (FE) has received little attention in the drug use literature in the UK. This article aims to explore the patterns of drug use amongst young people attending colleges of further education in Northern Ireland. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey…

McCrystal, Patrick; Percy, Andrew

2011-01-01

370

Can We Use Young People's Knowledge to Develop Teachers and HIV-Related Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite recent progress in meeting the goals of the Education for All agenda, certain groups of young people are particularly vulnerable to exclusion and underachievement, including children with HIV/AIDS, children living in poverty, and children with disabilities. HIV/AIDS has reduced many young people's rights to access education, to live a full…

McLaughlin, Colleen; Swartz, Sharlene

2011-01-01

371

Young People and Healthy Eating: A Systematic Review of Research on Barriers and Facilitators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A systematic review was conducted to examine the barriers to, and facilitators of, healthy eating among young people (11-16 years). The review focused on the wider determinants of health, examining community- and society-level interventions. Seven outcome evaluations and eight studies of young people's views were included. The effectiveness of the…

Shepherd, J.; Harden, A.; Rees, R.; Brunton, G.; Garcia, J.; Oliver, S.; Oakley, A.

2006-01-01

372

The Analysis of Young People's Experiences of Domestic Violence: Spiritual and Emotional Journeys through Suffering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hermeneutical analysis of the stories of young people who have experienced domestic violence is described as multi-layered having been developed from a voice centred relational methodology. The purpose was to uncover the complexity of lived experience. As the analysis proceeded, the young people's voices emerged as "feeling" voices,…

Collis, Sue M.

2009-01-01

373

Dismissing Disaffection: Young People's Attitudes towards Education, Employment and Participation in a Deprived Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines whether young people in a deprived area are disaffected with education, training and employment, or disengaged from participation in their community. It draws upon evidence from the Drumchapel Aspirations Survey, a study of the attitudes, aspirations and skills of young people from one of the most deprived areas of Glasgow.…

McKendrick, John; Scott, Gill; Sinclair, Stephen

2007-01-01

374

Neuroenhancement in Young People: Proposal for Research, Policy, and Clinical Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychotropic neuroenhancement by young people under 18 is growing, and is certain to increase further with the availability of effective drugs and increasing tolerance for neuroenhancement practices. Use of these agents by young people for purposes of enhancement has social and ethical implications that require scrutiny and analysis. It is particularly important that these analyses do not simply translate normative

Ilina Singh; Kelly J. Kelleher

2010-01-01

375

School Well-Being among Young People: Is It Influenced by the Parents' Socioeconomic Background?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to explore whether the socioeconomic background of the parents has an impact on the school well-being of young people aged 14-18. The literature concerning the position of young people with a lower socioeconomic background in education, reports the so-called gaps between home and school, unequal opportunities, unequal…

Vyverman, Veerle; Vettenburg, Nicole

2009-01-01

376

Studying Young People's New Media Use: Methodological Shifts and Educational Innovations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A lack of good information about what youth are doing with new media stimulates fears and hopes about the relationship between young people and digital technologies. This article focuses on new modes of inquiry into youth new media use, highlighting the challenges, complexities, and opportunities inherent in studying young people's digital…

Pascoe, C. J.

2012-01-01

377

The Social Construction of Young People within Education Policy: Evidence from the UK's Coalition Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since assuming power in May 2010, the UK's Coalition government has devoted considerable energy to formulating its policies with respect to young people. Evidence of this can be found in "Positive for youth: a new approach to cross-government policy for young people aged 13-19", a policy text that outlines a wide range of measures to be…

Brooks, Rachel

2013-01-01

378

Suicidal thoughts in young people: Their frequency and relationships with personality factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in adolescents and young people. This study aims to identify factors associated with suicidal thinking in young people. Levels of suicidal thinking in a large student population (n=1039) were assessed using the GHQ-28; regression analysis identified personality (trait) and mood (state) correlates of suicidal thoughts. All volunteers were recruited from Universities

Mary E. Stewart; Claire Donaghey; Ian J. Deary; Klaus P. Ebmeier

2008-01-01

379

Improving Sexual Health for Young People: Making Sexuality Education a Priority  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How well do young people understand their developing sexuality and what this means? This paper reports on findings from the Our Lives: Culture, Context and Risk project, which investigated sexual behaviour and decision-making in the context of the everyday life experience and aspirations of Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people (16-25 years)…

Helmer, Janet; Senior, Kate; Davison, Belinda; Vodic, Andrew

2015-01-01

380

Young people and healthy eating: a systematic review of research on barriers and facilitators  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systematic review was conducted to examine the barriers to, and facilitators of, healthy eating among young people (11-16 years). The review focused on the wider determinants of health, examining community- and society-level interventions. Seven outcome evaluations and eight studies of young people's views were included. The effectiveness of the interventions was mixed, with improvements in knowledge and increases in

J. Shepherd; A. Harden; R. Rees; G. Brunton; J. Garcia; S. Oliver; A. Oakley

2006-01-01

381

Unique health care utilization patterns in a homeless population in Ghent  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Existing studies concerning the health care use of homeless people describe higher utilisation rates for hospital-based care and emergency care, and lower rates for primary care by homeless people compared to the general population. Homeless people are importantly hindered and\\/or steered in their health care use by barriers directly related to the organisation of care. Our goal is to

Evelyn Verlinde; Tine Verdée; Mieke Van de Walle; Bruno Art; Jan De Maeseneer; Sara Willems

2010-01-01

382

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the eighth volume of a series designed and written for the young reader aged 9 and above. It contains three issues and covers individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

1999-01-01

383

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the third volume of a series designed and written for the young reader aged 9 and above. It contains three issues and covers individuals that young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

1994-01-01

384

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the ninth volume of a series designed and written for young readers ages 9 and above. It contains three issues and profiles individuals whom young people want to know about most: entertainers, athletes, writers, illustrators, cartoonists, and political leaders. The publication was created to appeal to young readers in a format they can…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

2000-01-01

385

Homeless service Utilization report  

E-print Network

Homeless service Utilization report H a w a i ` i 2 0 0 9 #12;2 Homeless service Utilization report Hawai`i is unique in having a statewide, centralized electronic data system in which all homeless`i and the Homeless Programs Branch of the Hawai`i Public Housing Authority (HPHA) issued the first Homeless Service

386

Factors That Influence Willingness to Help the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is an ongoing challenge for many families and individuals. Many struggle to meet their basic needs for food, clothing and shelter. Unfortunately, we know very little about the people who directly help homeless people meet these needs. The present study examines the relationships between empathy, religion, household income, political orientation, gender, race, and people's expressed willingness to assist the

Michael M. Morgan; H. Wallace Goddard; Sherri Newton Givens

1997-01-01

387

Bertolotti's syndrome. A cause of back pain in young people.  

PubMed

Bertolotti's syndrome is characterised by anomalous enlargement of the transverse process(es) of the most caudal lumbar vertebra which may articulate or fuse with the sacrum or ilium and cause isolated L4/5 disc disease. We analysed the elective MR scans of the lumbosacral spine of 769 consecutive patients with low back pain taken between July 2003 and November 2004. Of these 568 showed disc degeneration. Bertolotti's syndrome was present in 35 patients with a mean age of 32.7 years (15 to 60). This was a younger age than that of patients with multiple disc degeneration, single-level disease and isolated disc degeneration at the L4/5 level (p young people. PMID:16943469

Quinlan, J F; Duke, D; Eustace, S

2006-09-01

388

Young people's perception of the space shuttle disaster: case study.  

PubMed

To explore how young people were affected by the space shuttle disaster, the responses of 79 females in 5th, 8th, and 12th grades and 18 males in 5th grade who had witnessed the event on video at school were examined. Six days after the Challenger accident, they were asked to list and rank the three things that had affected them most over the last seven days and to explain the reason behind their first choice. Only 8.9% of the females ranked the space shuttle first, and only 30.4% ranked it in the top three. Competing issues were school-related activities, grades, and family relations. Of the 5th-grade males, 88.9% mentioned the space shuttle and 38.9% saw it as their top concern. For both males and females, this choice was based on sadness and empathy. The youths did not relate the disaster to the fragility of modern technology or the threat of nuclear war. The relatively low response rate of the females who had witnessed this event was interpreted as being indicative of repression-denial. It was concluded that future research should address the extent to which post-crisis denial could be masking more significant psychological trauma in youth. PMID:1927662

Gould, B B; Gould, J B

1991-01-01

389

Psychotic symptoms in young people warrant urgent referral.  

PubMed

There is a worse prognosis for psychosis and schizophrenia when onset is in childhood or adolescence. However, outcomes are improved with early detection and treatment. Psychotic symptoms can be associated with a variety of disorders including schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, drug-induced psychosis, personality disorder, epilepsy and autistic spectrum disorder. Positive symptoms include hallucinations and delusions. Negative symptoms include apathy, lack of drive, poverty of speech, social withdrawal and self-neglect. The DSM IV criteria for schizophrenia include two or more of the following: hallucinations, delusions, disorganised speech, grossly disorganised or catatonic behaviour and negative symptoms. Adults may raise concerns about social withdrawal, bizarre ideas, a change in behaviour or a decline in achievement. Most children and young people with psychotic symptoms will not go on to develop psychosis or schizophrenia. Direct enquiry may be needed to elicit suspected unusual beliefs or hallucinations. To distinguish unusual ideas from delusions the ideas should be tested for fixity. For example by asking: 'Are you sure? Could there be another explanation?' Mood and anxiety symptoms should be explored. The assessment should include a developmental history with particular attention to premorbid functioning. Failure to make expected progress whether personal, social or academic is significant. Better outcomes in terms of symptoms and social function are associated with a shorter duration of untreated psychosis. The detection of psychotic symptoms in primary care therefore warrants an urgent referral to secondary care mental health services for assessment and treatment. PMID:23634636

Deakin, Julia; Lennox, Belinda

2013-03-01

390

Persistent high fertility in Uganda: young people recount obstacles and enabling factors to use of contraceptives  

PubMed Central

Background High fertility among young people aged 15-24 years is a public health concern in Uganda. Unwanted pregnancy, unsafe induced abortions and associated high morbidity and mortality among young women may be attributed to low contraceptive use. This study aims at exploring reasons for low contraceptive use among young people. Methods In 16 focus group discussions, the views of young people about obstacles and enabling factors to contraceptive use in Mityana and Mubende districts, Uganda were explored. The groups were homogeneously composed by married and unmarried men and women, between the ages of 15-24. The data obtained was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results Young men and women described multiple obstacles to contraceptive use. The obstacles were categorized as misconceptions and fears related to contraception, gender power relations, socio-cultural expectations and contradictions, short term planning, and health service barriers. Additionally, young people recounted several enabling factors that included female strategies to overcome obstacles, changing perceptions to contraceptive use, and changing attitude towards a small family size. Conclusions Our findings suggest changing perceptions and behavior shift towards contraceptive use and a small family size although obstacles still exist. Personalized strategies to young women and men are needed to motivate and assist young people plan their future families, adopt and sustain use of contraceptives. Reducing obstacles and reinforcing enabling factors through education, culturally sensitive behavior change strategies have the potential to enhance contraceptives use. Alternative models of contraceptive service delivery to young people are proposed. PMID:20813069

2010-01-01

391

What young people want from health-related online resources: a focus group study  

PubMed Central

The growth of the Internet as an information source about health, particularly amongst young people, is well established. The aim of this study was to explore young people's perceptions and experiences of engaging with health-related online content, particularly through social media websites. Between February and July 2011 nine focus groups were facilitated across Scotland with young people aged between 14 and 18 years. Health-related user-generated content seems to be appreciated by young people as a useful, if not always trustworthy, source of accounts of other people's experiences. The reliability and quality of both user-generated content and official factual content about health appear to be concerns for young people, and they employ specialised strategies for negotiating both areas of the online environment. Young people's engagement with health online is a dynamic area for research. Their perceptions and experiences of health-related content seem based on their wider familiarity with the online environment and, as the online environment develops, so too do young people's strategies and conventions for accessing it. PMID:24748849

Fergie, Gillian; Hunt, Kate; Hilton, Shona

2012-01-01

392

Homelessness and health in Canada: research lessons and priorities.  

PubMed

This article was for prepared for an international think-tank on reducing health disparities and promoting equity for vulnerable populations. Its purposes are to provide an overview of homelessness research and to stimulate discussion on strategic directions for research. We identified studies on homelessness, with an emphasis on Canadian research. Studies were grouped by focus and design under the following topics: the scope of homelessness, the health status of homeless persons, interventions to reduce homelessness and improve health, and strategic directions for future research. Key issues include the definition of homelessness, the scope of homelessness, its heterogeneity, and competing explanations of homelessness. Homeless people suffer from higher levels of disease and the causal pathways linking homelessness and poor health are complex. Efforts to reduce homelessness and improve health have included biomedical, educational, environmental, and policy strategies. Significant research gaps and opportunities exist in these areas. Strategic research will require stakeholder and community engagement, and more rigorous methods. Priorities include achievement of consensus on measuring homelessness, health status of the homeless, development of research infrastructure, and ensuring that future initiatives can be evaluated for effectiveness. PMID:16078553

Frankish, C James; Hwang, Stephen W; Quantz, Darryl

2005-01-01

393

What Young People Want From a Sexual Health Website: Design and Development of Sexunzipped  

PubMed Central

Background Sexual health education in the United Kingdom is of variable quality, typically focusing on the biological aspects of sex rather than on communication, relationships, and sexual pleasure. The Internet offers a unique opportunity to provide sexual health education to young people, since they can be difficult to engage but frequently use the Internet as a health information resource. Objectives To explore through qualitative research young people’s views on what elements of a sexual health website would be appealing and engaging, and their views on the content, design, and interactive features of the Sexunzipped intervention website. Methods We recruited 67 young people aged 16–22 years in London, UK. We held 21 focus groups and 6 one-to-one interviews to establish sexual health priorities, views on website look and feel, and what features of a sexual heath website would attract and engage them. Two researchers facilitated the focus groups, using a semistructured topic guide to lead the discussions and asking open questions to elicit a range of views. The discussions and interviews were audio recorded and detailed notes were made on key topics from the audio recording. Young people’s views influenced design templates for the content and interactive features of Sexunzipped. Results Young people particularly wanted straightforward information on sexual pleasure, sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy, how to communicate with partners, how to develop skills in giving pleasure, and emotions involved in sex and relationships. Focus group participants wanted social interaction with other young people online and wanted to see themselves reflected in some way such as through images or videos. Conclusions While it is challenging to meet all of young people’s technological and design requirements, consultation with the target audience is valuable and necessary in developing an online sexual health intervention. Young people are willing to talk about sensitive issues, enjoy the discussions, and can offer key insights that influence intervention development. PMID:23060424

Carswell, Kenneth; Murray, Elizabeth; Free, Caroline; Stevenson, Fiona; Bailey, Julia V

2012-01-01

394

Families Experiencing Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... which may compound the stress the family feels. Families experiencing homelessness: Are typically comprised of a mother ... of other women. The Relationship Between Homelessness and Family Separation: Families who have experienced homelessness have much ...

395

For Homeless Veterans  

MedlinePLUS

... Veterans within this program. Homeless Veterans Dental Program Project CHALENG (Community Homelessness Assessment, Local Education and Networking ... better serve homeless Veterans. For more information on Project CHALENG, call VA’s toll-free hotline or visit ...

396

Why healthy eating is bad for young people's health: identity, belonging and food.  

PubMed

Research into young people and healthy eating has focussed on identifying the 'barriers' to healthy eating and on developing interventions to address them. However, it has tended to neglect the emotional, social and symbolic aspects of food for young people, and the roles food might play in adolescence. This paper explores these issues, reporting findings from a qualitative study which explored the meanings and values young people attached to food choices, particularly in school and peer contexts. As part of a larger study into young people's relationships with food brands, 12 focus groups were conducted with young people aged 13-15 in the North East of England. The focus groups found that young people used food choices to help construct a desired image, as a means of judging others, and to signal their conformity with acceptable friendship and peer norms. Importantly, the findings suggested that the social and symbolic meanings associated with healthy eating conflicted with processes and values which are of crucial importance in adolescence, such as self-image and fitting in with the peer group. In other words, it was emotionally and socially risky to be seen to be interested in healthy eating. Interventions need not only to make healthy eating easier and more available, but also to address young people's emotional needs for identity and belonging. PMID:21429646

Stead, Martine; McDermott, Laura; Mackintosh, Anne Marie; Adamson, Ashley

2011-04-01

397

Experiences of Being Homeless or at Risk of Being Homeless among Canadian Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study was undertaken with four groups -- immigrants, youths, Aboriginal people, and landlords -- in order to explore, compare, and contrast diversity issues among the homeless population and those at risk of homelessness in a larger Canadian city (Calgary, Alberta) with a smaller city (Lethbridge, Alberta), to better understand their…

Miller, Pamela; Donahue, Peter; Este, Dave; Hofer, Marvin

2004-01-01

398

Assessing the Mental Health Needs of Young People Living in State Care Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people living in the state care system are often reported to experience poorer levels of mental health and wellbeing. Government policy encourages a holistic approach to the assessment of all aspects of health and wellbeing of these young people. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a mental health screener for young people

McCrystal, Patrick; McAloney, Kareena

2010-01-01

399

What Can Be Learned from the Roller Coaster Journeys of Young People Making Ultimately Successful Transitions beyond School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project investigated the interrelationships between family expectations and young people's post-school plans. All of the participants were from financially disadvantaged families. The research used interviews to understand these young people's perspectives of their transition experiences: the ways in which young people's school experiences…

Bryce, Jennifer; Anderson, Michelle

2008-01-01

400

Young People's Participation in the Development of a Self-Care Intervention--A Multi-Site Formative Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The poor outcomes of young people with chronic health conditions indicate that current services and self-care programmes are not meeting the needs of young people. How young people self-manage their condition impacts on long-term health outcomes, but there is little published evidence that details the development of self-care programmes and their…

Kime, Nicola; McKenna, Jim; Webster, Liz

2013-01-01

401

How They Got It and How They Wanted It: Marginalised Young People's Perspective on Their Experiences of Sexual Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people in Australia are at greatest risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections, and priority actions are necessary for this population group. This study of marginalised and at-risk young people in out-of-school environments was conducted in Western Australia with the aim of obtaining young people's perceptions about their experience…

Brown, Graham; Sorenson, Anne; Hildebrand, Janina

2012-01-01

402

Can we explain increases in young people’s psychological distress over time?  

PubMed Central

This paper aims to explain previously described increases in self-reported psychological distress between 1987 and 2006 among samples identical in respect of age (15 years), school year and geographical location (West of Scotland). Such increases might be explained by changes in exposure (changes in levels of risk or protective factors) and/or by changes in vulnerability (changes in the relationship between risk/protective factors and psychological distress). Key areas of social change over this time period allow identification of potential explanatory factors, categorised as economic, family, educational, values and lifestyle and represented by variables common to each study. Psychological distress was measured via the 12-item General Health Questionnaire, Likert scored. Analyses were conducted on those with complete data on all variables (N = 3276 of 3929), and separately for males and females. Between 1987 and 2006, levels of almost every potential explanatory factor changed in line with general societal trends. Associations between explanatory factors and GHQ tended to be stronger among females, and at the later date. The strongest associations were with worries, arguments with parents, and, at the later date, school disengagement. The factors which best accounted for the increase in mean GHQ between 1987 and 2006 were arguments with parents, school disengagement, worry about school and, for females, worry about family relationships, reflecting both increasing exposure and vulnerability to these risk factors. A number of limitations to our analysis can be identified. However, our results reinforce the conclusions of others in highlighting the role of family and educational factors as plausible explanations for increases in young people’s psychological distress. PMID:20870334

Sweeting, Helen; West, Patrick; Young, Robert; Der, Geoff

2010-01-01

403

Macroeconomic Causes of Family Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The welfare of American families improved steadily for over 20 years after World War II. After the War on Poverty of the 1960s, the number of people living in poverty fell, reaching its lowest point in 1973. During the 1980s, homeless families, including those living in the streets, in cars, and in shelters seemingly appeared out of nowhere. As…

McChesney, Kay Young

404

The effects of work- and family-related transitions on young people’s perception of being adult  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a nationwide sample of 2656 eighteen- to twenty-nine-year-olds, the first part of the present study addressed the question of how non-traditional as compared to traditional living arrangements related to young people’s self-perception of being either adolescent or adult. Being in a romantic relationship increased the likelihood of feeling adult. Modern adult living arrangements (living alone in a single household

Matthias Reitzle

2007-01-01

405

Perceptions, Persecution and Pity: The Limitations of Interventions for Homelessness in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interventions for homelessness in developing countries are frequently negative and unhelpful. They tend to exist in an environment of hostility, suspicion and apathy towards homeless people. This environment is cultivated and enhanced by negative and derogatory language and images used by politicians, the public and the media in their portrayal of homeless people as unemployed, beggars, drunks and criminals. Findings

SUZANNE SPEAK; GRAHAM TIPPLE

2006-01-01

406

Effects of Psychosocial and Situational Variables on Substance Abuse Among Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding direct and indirect influences of salient psychosocial and situational variables on problem substance use among homeless people is important in designing evidence-based, effective, and relevant interventions for this special population. A stress–coping paradigm in conjunction with situational items specialized for homeless people was used to explore predictive relationships in a sample of homeless adults (N = 664) among (a)

Judith A. Stein; Elizabeth L. Dixon; Adeline M. Nyamathi

2008-01-01

407

What Research Tells Us About the Intersecting Streams of Homelessness and Foster Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews mounting evidence linking foster care and homelessness and considers new ap- proaches for intervention. Although there is no causal evidence that family homelessness leads to foster care or vice versa, the association no longer originates solely from samples of homeless people, but also from samples of people with childhood histories of foster care. Many programs work with

Cheryl Zlotnick

2010-01-01

408

Innovative Space Sciences Education Programs for Young People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The future of the world is greatly depends on space. Through space sciences education programs with the main focus is on young people, the society, as a whole will gain in the years to come. The Weizmann Institute of Science is the leading scientific research center in Israel. After the need for science education programs for young students was recognized, the institute established its Youth Activities Section, which serves as the institute's outreach for the general population of school children nation-wide. The youth activities section holds courses, seminars, science camps etc. for almost 40 years. As an instructor in the youth activities section since 1990, my focus is space sciences programs, such as rocketry courses, planetarium demonstrations, astronomical observations and special events - all in the creed of bringing the space science to everyone, in a enjoyable, innovative and creative way. Two of the courses conducted combines' scientific knowledge, hands-on experience and a glimpse into the work of space programs: the rocketry courses offered a unique chance of design, build and fly actual rockets, to height of about 800 meters. The students conduct research on the rockets, such as aerial photography, environmental measurements and aerodynamic research - using student built wind tunnel. The space engineering course extend the high frontier of the students into space: the objective of a two year course is to design, build an launch an experiments package to space, using one of NASA's GAS programs. These courses, combined with special guest lectures by Weizmann institute's senior researchers, tours to facilities like satellite control center, clean rooms, the aeronautical industry, give the students a chance to meet with "the real world" of space sciences applications and industry, and this - in turn - will have payback effect on the society as a whole in years to come. The activities of space sciences education include two portable planetariums, 4 telescopes and special "mobile science" project, which travel to hundreds of school annually, and bring to them mini exhibitions, scientific activities and lectures. Special events are held when something unique happened: in the last years we have had the Galileo special event when the spacecraft arrived at Jupiter; SL-9 event; Mars Pathfinder special event; Mir re- entry event - to name a few. For 11 years, on July 20 we have the Apollo memorial lecture, and a meteors observation night on August 11. The 12 years of experience I have in teaching space sciences subjects to k-12 students, university students and adults, combines with three years as a director of interactive science museum, allowed me to implement my vision of promoting the general knowledge about space and to move a little more in the direction of creating a space oriented, open and globally interacted society in Israel.

Inbar, T.

2002-01-01

409

Skin infections in young people (aged 14-18 years): an integrative review.  

PubMed

Skin infections are a major cause of preventable hospitalization, with young people being particularly susceptible. Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection typically presents as skin infection. CA-MRSA infection rates have increased rapidly in the past decade. Exploration of literature specific to young people aged 14-18 years is therefore timely. Integrative review using the methods described by Whittemore and Knafl was undertaken. Electronic databases of Medline, CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google databases were searched for English-language articles published after 1990. Twenty primary studies were included and the findings are reported here. Data analysis revealed factors influencing skin infections in young people may be host-, transmission-, or pathogen-specific. Strategies to address host and transmission factors may be effective in controlling skin infection rates in young people. PMID:23945044

Lambe, Catherine I; Hoare, Karen J

2014-06-01

410

Eating Attitudes and Behaviours in Young People With or Without a Diabetic Sibling   

E-print Network

Objectives: Body image concerns and problematic eating attitudes and behaviours are recognised as an important concern for young people and clinicians. Identification of groups that might be at risk of developing such ...

Smith, Rachel K

2007-01-01

411

Substance use behaviors of young people with a moderate learning disability: a longitudinal analysis.  

PubMed

Substance use behaviors of young people attending a special school are reported over a 4-year period from the age of 12-16 years. The article investigated these behaviors by surveying a cohort of young people with a statement for moderate learning disabilities annually during the last 4 years of compulsory schooling. The findings show that these young people consistently reported lower levels of tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use compared with those attending mainstream school. No other illicit drug use was reported. The potential implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the context and timing of targeted substance education and prevention initiatives for young people with moderate learning disability attending a special school. PMID:17366256

McCrystal, Patrick; Percy, Andrew; Higgins, Kathryn

2007-01-01

412

Children's and young people's concerns about their sexual health and wellbeing   

E-print Network

The last decade has seen increasing efforts by central and local government to target sexual health services and initiatives at young people in order to improve their sexual health. In order that the Sexual Health Strategy ...

Backett-Milburn, Kathryn; Ogilvie-Whyte, Sharon

413

Professional environment of post-school transitions of young people with additional support needs   

E-print Network

The focus of this qualitative study is the professional environment where post-school transitions take place. It seeks to identify some possible means for improving outcomes for young people with low educational achievement, ...

Brown, Joan

2012-11-29

414

Children and young people's preference of thematic design and colour for their hospital environment.  

PubMed

In this innovative project, the views of children and young people were explored regarding their preference of thematic design and colour for their hospital environment in a new children's unit. The novelty of the approach was that it was driven by the preferred choices of children and young people through the use of 'child-friendly' interviews and questionnaires. Informing the study was the development of a group of children and young people who underwent research training, and with support, developed all data collection tools and helped to verify data analysis. A two-phased sequential study was undertaken. During phase 1, 40 interviews were performed with children and young people, including 10 with additional learning needs and physical disabilities while 140 questionnaires were analysed for phase 2 of the study. Notable issues emerged about preferred thematic designs of walls, doors and floors, while new findings were revealed regarding colour preferences for wards, entrances and outpatient areas. PMID:18287183

Coad, Jane; Coad, Nigel

2008-03-01

415

Young People with Cancer: A Handbook for Parents. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book informs parents and families of children and young adults with cancer about the most common types of cancer in the young, treatments and their side effects, and common issues that arise with a cancer diagnosis. Aspects of the disease, including characteristics of leukemia and solid tumors, are described. Treatment issues discussed…

National Cancer Inst. (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

416

Bought and Sold: Helping Young People Escape From Commercial Sexual Exploitation  

MedlinePLUS

... Violence Runaway and Homeless Youth Safety Self-sufficiency Teen Pregnancy Prevention Trauma-informed Care Well-being Ask NCFY ... on Families & Youth work to end youth homelessness, teen pregnancy and family violence. Sponsor HHS ACF FYSB

417

The health of homeless children revisited.  

PubMed

To the extent that representative data are available for specific health conditions (eg, under-immunization, asthma prevalence), the authors' data suggest that the gap between the health status of homeless children and housed children in minority, low-income families is narrowing. Studies of the health status of homeless children allow a window into the health status of medically underserved children whose needs may not be readily documented because of their lack of access to the health care system. Although prevalence rates of most of the health conditions discussed in this article exceeded national norms, they were generally consistent with rates characteristic of health disparities based on race-ethnicity and income. It must be emphasized that in most instances, children were seen for their first pediatric visit within weeks of entering the homeless shelter system. The health conditions identified were often present before the child and family became homeless. The high prevalence of asthma among homeless children should therefore be a matter of concern to health providers and payors, because the authors' data strongly suggest that this is not confined to children in homeless shelters as a special population. Similarly, childhood obesity predates homelessness (or at least the episode of homelessness during which health care was provided) and as such the authors' data may indicate the extent of this problem more generally among medically underserved children in the communities of origin. These conditions seem to be exacerbated by the specific conditions associated with homeless shelter life. Asthma care, assuming it was previously available, is disrupted when housing is lost, and shelter conditions may have multiple asthma triggers. Nutrition often suffers as a result of inadequate access to nutritious food and cooking facilities in shelters, as indicated by the high rate of iron-deficiency anemia among very young children. It is clear that homeless children in shelters require enhanced access to primary and specialist care. Shelter placement necessarily disrupts prior health care relationships (if any), while simultaneously placing additional stress on the child's physical and emotional well being. A medical home model is strongly recommended to allow for continuous, culturally competent care. Developmental and mental health problems are also more prevalent among homeless children. These conditions may jeopardize life successes. The overcrowding associated with homeless shelters and the housing conditions that frequently precede episodes of homelessness are associated with the higher prevalence of otitis media found among young children. This in turn is associated with developmental delay. Also contributing to the developmental risk associated with homelessness is exposure to DV, which is also frequently an antecedent of homelessness. Developmental surveillance for young, homeless children, monitoring of school attendance and academic performance, and assessment of mental status for homeless adolescents are recommended to facilitate early identification of problems and delivery of necessary interventions. For young children, providers of health care to the homeless should be well networked into the Early Intervention and Preschool Special Education programs in their locality. Given the multiplicity of needs for homeless families, which of course includes help finding affordable housing, health care providers serving this population should also develop linkages with community agencies, including those that can help parents develop the skills necessary for economic self-sufficiency and long-term ability to sustain independent housing. PMID:17918471

Grant, Roy; Shapiro, Alan; Joseph, Sharon; Goldsmith, Sandra; Rigual-Lynch, Lourdes; Redlener, Irwin

2007-01-01

418

The preliminary development of a new self-report measure for OCD in young people.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to develop a reliable self-report instrument to assess obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in young people. The children's Obsessional Compulsive Inventory (CHOCI) had good internal consistency, criterion validity and was significantly correlated with the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CY-BOCS). This preliminary new measure could serve to provide a more efficient and accessible way of assessing OCD in young people. PMID:12550826

Shafran, Roz; Frampton, Ian; Heyman, Isobel; Reynolds, Martina; Teachman, Bethany; Rachman, S

2003-02-01

419

Youth, gangs and violence: Analysing the social and spatial mobility of young people in Guatemala City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth gangs have become an increasingly significant, and controversial, social institution in low-income communities in many cities in Central America, and yet the local-level impacts of this phenomenon, especially on young people, remain under-explored. Drawing on research with young people in Guatemala City, this paper explores the multiple barriers to the social and spatial mobility of both gang and non-gang

Ailsa Winton

2005-01-01

420

Transitions to long-term unemployment risk among young people: evidence from Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many young people have short spells of unemployment during their transition from school to work; however, some often get trapped in unemployment and risk becoming long-term unemployed. Much research has been undertaken on the factors that influence unemployment risk for young people during their school-to-work transition. However, very little is known about the factors associated with long-term unemployment (LTU) risk

Elish Kelly; Seamus McGuinness; Philip J. OConnell

2012-01-01

421

Young people’s accounts of smoking, exercising, eating and drinking alcohol: being cool or being unhealthy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the findings of a study that explores how young people talk about smoking, eating, drinking alcohol and exercise in the context of their everyday lives. The study was motivated by recognizing the difficulties, within the field of health promotion, in recording the ‘everyday’ character of smoking, eating, drinking alcohol and exercise. The classification of these four behaviours

Soula Ioannou

2003-01-01

422

Food, risk and place: agency and negotiations of young people with food allergy.  

PubMed

Potentially life-threatening food allergies are increasing among children in the Western world. Informed by childhood studies, this article explores young people's management of food allergy risk and highlights their agency in relation to food, eating and place. Drawing on individual interviews with 10 young people who took part in a larger multi-method study of young people's experiences of food allergies, the findings demonstrate that the management of health risks means, to some extent, trying to control the uncontrollable. A reaction can occur at any time and to experience a severe reaction entails a temporarily loss of control. The strategies the young people develop to avoid allergic reactions can be understood both as responses to this uncertainty and as manifestations of their agency. Their risk experiences vary with place; at school and in other public places they face social as well as health risks. What we see is not agency as a voluntary choice but that young people with food allergies experience tensions between their own competence to manage different types of risks and their dependence on others to adjust to their needs. Thus, the relational aspects of young people's agency come to the fore. PMID:25683001

Stjerna, Marie-Louise

2015-02-01

423

Avoiding shame: young LGBT people, homophobia and self?destructive behaviours  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on findings from qualitative research conducted in the UK that sought to explore the connections between sexual identities and self?destructive behaviours in young people. International evidence demonstrates that there are elevated rates of suicide and alcohol abuse amongst lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth. Rarely included in this body of research are investigations into young LGBT

Elizabeth McDermott; Katrina Roen; Jonathan Scourfield

2008-01-01

424

Cyberbullying: Experiences, Impacts and Coping Strategies as Described by Australian Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyberbullying impacts on the wellbeing, schooling, family and peer relationships of many young people. The current study of 548 young Australians revealed that cyberbullying is a group phenomenon most prevalent during the transitional ages between primary and secondary school. It takes on many forms and shows an overlap in roles between "bully"…

Price, Megan; Dalgleish, John

2010-01-01

425

Understanding reasons for drug use amongst young people: a functional perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses a functional perspective to examine the reasons young people cite for using psychoactive substances. The study sample comprised 364 young poly-drug users recruited using snowball-sampling methods. Data on life- time and recent frequency and intensity of use for alcohol, cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, LSD and cocaine are presented. A majority of the participants had used at least one

Annabel Boys; John Marsden; John Strang

2001-01-01

426

Gendered (s)explorations among same-sex attracted young people in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to import a more complex understanding of gendered subjectivity into discussions of young people and homosexuality, and is based on an Australian national survey (n=749) of same-sex attracted youth (SSAY) aged between 14 and 21. Results revealed significant gender differences with regard to patterns of sexual attraction, behaviour and identity labels among participants. For the young men

DEBORAH DEMPSEY; LYNNE HILLIER; LYN HARRISON

2001-01-01

427

Deaf Young People with Sequential Bilateral Cochlear Implants: The Experience of Parents and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A semi-structured interview format was used to explore the experiences and attitudes of twelve parents and twelve teachers of young people, aged 11-18 years, who had received sequential bilateral cochlear implants. The parents stressed the importance of involving the young person in the decision to go ahead with the second implant. Although all…

Mather, Julie; Archbold, Sue; Gregory, Sue

2011-01-01

428

Understanding the Online Information-Seeking Behaviours of Young People: The Role of Networks of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information seeking is one of the most popular online activities for young people and can provide an additional information channel, which may enhance learning. In this study, we propose and test a model that adds to the existing literature by examining the ways in which parents, schools, and friends (what we call networks of support) effect young

Eynon, R.; Malmberg, L.-E.

2012-01-01

429

Engaging Young People as a Community Development Strategy in the Wisconsin Northwoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter focuses on two remote rural communities that engaged young people in meaningful community development efforts to build social capital. One community connected youth to the assets of the community and created opportunities for young adults to strengthen social networks. The other created partnerships and networks to build…

Andresen, William; Dallapiazza, Margaret; Calvert, Matthew

2013-01-01

430

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprising the sixth volume of a series, this document contains short biographies written for the young reader aged 9 and older. The series covers individuals who are of particular interest to young people: entertainers, athletes, authors, cartoonists, and political leaders. Each issue contains 10 to 12 entries that include photographs and…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.; Abbey, Cherie D., Ed.

1997-01-01

431

An Egyptian case study: financial services for young people who work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show some of the innovative ways loans are being disbursed to help microfinance institutions (MFIs) diversify their portfolios and reach a young and viable market. The paper attempt to highlight how MEDA\\/PTE's project in Egypt can contribute to the industry learning on microfinance (MF) and occupational hazards and young people. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

Caroline Hossein; Julie Redfern; Richard Carothers

2006-01-01

432

Ambiguities around Sexuality: An Approach to Understanding Harassment and Bullying of Young People in British Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is based on a small study undertaken in 2001, which examined the experiences of and responses to sexual harassment and bullying adopted by different professionals (teachers, education social workers, youth workers and a school nurse) and by young people (12 to 25-year-olds). It draws together some of the literature relating to young

Trotter, Joy

2009-01-01

433

Young People and the Justice System: Consideration of Maturity in Criminal Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The age of majority determines when a young person is considered adult in the eyes of the law, and in many countries this is set at 18 years. This does not take into account the differing ways and time-frames in which young people mature and develop. In justice systems in which individuals can be awarded leniency due to mental impairment,

Claire Bryan-Hancock; Sharon Casey

2011-01-01

434

The Impact of School-Based Counselling on Young People's Capacity to Study and Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how school-based counselling might impact young people's capacity to study and learn. Previous research has indicated that counselling in schools has an indirect positive impact on academic achievement. A mixed methods approach, using a semi-structured qualitative interview and a brief rating scale, was employed with 21 young

Rupani, Pooja; Haughey, Nuala; Cooper, Mick

2012-01-01

435

Having Confidence in Therapeutic Work with Young People: Constraints and Challenges to Confidentiality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Confidentiality presents particular challenges to practitioners working with young people, on account of the latter's vulnerability and emotional immaturity. Ethical codes place a key importance on confidentiality, from deontological and teleological perspectives. However, young clients may rely on a more pragmatic approach in deciding whether to…

Jenkins, Peter

2010-01-01

436

Validation of the Emotion Regulation and Social Skills Questionnaire for Young People with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Emotion Regulation and Social Skills Questionnaire (ERSSQ), a rating scale designed specifically to assess the social skills of young people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The participants were 84 children and young adolescents with ASD, aged between 7.97 and 14.16 years…

Butterworth, Thomas W.; Hodge, M. Antoinette; Sofronoff, Kate; Beaumont, Renae; Gray, Kylie M.; Roberts, Jacqueline; Horstead, Siân K.; Clarke, Kristina S.; Howlin, Patricia; Taffe, John R.; Einfeld, Stewart L.

2014-01-01

437

Homelessness as a Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has long been assumed that homelessness is a personal choice. As a choice, homelessness is embedded within debates about deviant behaviours and problematic pathologies. The “homeless person” is either making calculated and immoral choices to be homeless, or they are perceived to be powerless agents who lack the capacity to exercise choices. Rarely has it been adequately explained, however,

Cameron Parsell; Mitch Parsell

2012-01-01

438

Homelessness in Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper takes a theoretical and practical approach in defining the "problem" of homelessness in libraries. The author examines three fundamental problems on homelessness. The three fundamental questions are: (a) Who are the homeless? (b) Why are they homeless? (c) What are their information needs in libraries? These questions are important in…

Wong, Yi Ling

2009-01-01

439

Youth Educators Encounter a Challenge from the Young People--A Frank Dialogue between the Young People of Shekou and Qu Xiao and Li Yanjie.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents debates between young people in China's special economic zones and three educators who find that these areas create their own unique problems for China. Cautions that this group comes in contact with conflicting ideas, values, and beliefs. Warns private interests may create an unequal standard of living with the rest of China. (NL)

Chinese Education: A Journal of Translations, 1990

1990-01-01

440

Young People's Voices: Disciplining Young People's Participation in Decision-Making in Special Educational Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, education and family policy in the UK has sought to incorporate the views of children and young people through an active participation agenda, in the fulfilment of children's rights under the obligations of the UN Convention for the Rights of the Child. Drawing on empirical evidence, this paper suggests that this aspiration…

McKay, Jane

2014-01-01

441

The Sexunzipped Trial: Young People’s Views of Participating in an Online Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among young people in the United Kingdom is increasing. The Internet can be a suitable medium for delivery of sexual health information and sexual health promotion, given its high usage among young people, its potential for creating a sense of anonymity, and ease of access. Online randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are increasingly being used to evaluate online interventions, but while there are many advantages to online methodologies, they can be associated with a number of problems, including poor engagement with online interventions, poor trial retention, and concerns about the validity of data collected through self-report online. We conducted an online feasibility trial that tested the effects of the Sexunzipped website for sexual health compared to an information-only website. This study reports on a qualitative evaluation of the trial procedures, describing participants’ experiences and views of the Sexunzipped online trial including methods of recruitment, incentives, methods of contact, and sexual health outcome measurement. Objective Our goal was to determine participants’ views of the acceptability and validity of the online trial methodology used in the pilot RCT of the Sexunzipped intervention. Methods We used three qualitative data sources to assess the acceptability and validity of the online pilot RCT methodology: (1) individual interviews with 22 participants from the pilot RCT, (2) 133 emails received by the trial coordinator from trial participants, and (3) 217 free-text comments from the baseline and follow-up questionnaires. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. An iterative, thematic analysis of all three data sources was conducted to identify common themes related to the acceptability and feasibility of the online trial methodology. Results Interview participants found the trial design, including online recruitment via Facebook, online registration, email communication with the researchers, and online completion of sexual health questionnaires to be highly acceptable and preferable to traditional methods. Incentives might assist in recruiting those who would not otherwise participate. Participants generally enjoyed taking part in sexual health research online and found the questionnaire itself thought-provoking. Completing the sexual health questionnaires online encouraged honesty in responding that might not be achieved with other methods. The majority of interview participants also thought that receiving and returning a urine sample for chlamydia testing via post was acceptable. Conclusions These findings provide strong support for the use of online research methods for sexual health research, emphasizing the importance of careful planning and execution of all trial procedures including recruitment, respondent validation, trial related communication, and methods to maximize follow-up. Our findings suggest that sexual health outcome measurement might encourage reflection on current behavior, sometimes leading to behavior change. Trial Registration International Standard Randomized Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN): 55651027; http://www.controlled-trials.com/isrctn/pf/55651027 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6LbkxdPKf). PMID:24334198

Nicholas, Angela; Stevenson, Fiona; Murray, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

442

The Process of Perceiving Stigmatization: Perspectives from Taiwanese Young People with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is a dearth of studies about the causes of stigmatization in people with intellectual disability. This study is aimed at gaining an understanding of how feelings of stigmatization are formed and perceived among young people with intellectual disability in Taiwanese cultural and social contexts. Materials and Methods: Fourteen…

Chen, Chih-Hsuan; Shu, Bih-Ching

2012-01-01

443

Using Solution-Focused Approaches in Motivational Interviewing with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the theory and practice of using the solution-focused approach of motivational interviewing (MI) with young people. MI is based on the premise that people are not always at a stage of readiness to change behaviours, such as smoking, drinking or drug use, which are perceived by others to be problematic. The article explores…

Atkinson, Cathy; Amesu, Mawuli

2007-01-01

444

Biography Today: Profiles of People of Interest to Young Readers, 1992-1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents biographical profiles of people of interest to young readers. The concept is unique in that the subjects profiled are not necessarily people of great or lasting stature. Many are noted writers or public figures who have made important contributions to the current world, but a goodly number of entries are biographies of…

Harris, Laurie Lanzen, Ed.

1992-01-01

445

Negotiating identities: the lives of Pakistani and Bangladeshi young disabled people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has generally amalgamated minority ethnic (all called ‘Asian’ or ‘black’) disabled young people’s experiences and failed to acknowledge the multiple aspects of Asian and black disabled identities, for example how the combined attributes of race, ethnicity, religion, gender, culture, class and disability shape their perspectives and experiences. In an attempt to address this issue my doctoral research explored the

Zoebia Islam

2008-01-01

446

Leading by Example: Creating Motivation That Fosters Positive Change in Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not what one has in life; rather, what is left as the legacy. Personally I have received many awards. However, I feel so much better when I help people receive their own awards. Now, I want to use positive language and positive action to help motivate young people, encouraging them to achieve their own success, as well as foster success in…

Aikens, Curtis G., Sr.

2013-01-01

447

Young People and Political Campaigning on the Internet. CIRCLE Fact Sheet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet discusses young people and political campaigning on the Internet. It explains how the Internet has become a powerful force in political campaigns. A survey released by the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press on January 11, 2004 found that the Internet is gaining importance as a source of political news, especially for…

Levine, Peter; Lopez, Mark Hugo

2004-01-01

448

'Oh my god, we're not doing nothing': young people's experiences of spatial regulation.  

PubMed

Social psychologists have become increasingly concerned with examining the ways in which social practices are interrelated with their location. Critical perspectives have highlighted the traditional lack of attention given to both the collective aspects of spatial identities, together with the discursive practices that construct the relationships between people and places. In this article, we draw together the developing discursive work on place with work on children's geographies, in order to examine young people's accounts of spatial regulation. Adopting a discursive approach to the analysis of focus group discussion, we illustrate a variety of concerns managed in relation to spatial practices by 41 young people living in a large city in the South of England. Our findings suggest that everyday use of public space by young people is constructed at a nexus of competing concerns around childhood/adulthood, freedom, and citizenship, and illustrate the dynamic nature of place, and its regulation, as a resource for constructing identities. PMID:24313815

Gray, Debra; Manning, Rachel

2014-12-01

449

Homeless Youth: The Saga of "Pushouts" and "Throwaways" in America. Report of the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the Senate Subcommittee on the Constitution examines the phenomenon of homeless youth, including the population, their families, survival tactics, the availability of services, and future outlooks. A section reviewing the legal constraints imposed on young people which affect their ability to live on their own is followed by a…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

450

An exploratory study of the relationship between parental attitudes and behaviour and young people's consumption of alcohol  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Concern is growing regarding frequent and excessive misuse of alcohol by young people. The average age at which young people in Europe start to drink is twelve and a half, and during the last decade, the quantity of alcohol consumed by younger adolescents in the UK has increased. Families are known to play an important role in shaping young

Graham F Moore; Heather Rothwell; Jeremy Segrott

2010-01-01

451

Quality, mainstream services with proactive and targeted outreach: A model of contraceptive service provision for young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionHigh teenage pregnancy rates in the UK reflect low levels of contraceptive use. Young people have a negative perception of contraceptive services and experience significant practical barriers to their use. Dedicated young people's services are considered an effective way to improve access. However it is costly to provide two parallel services (one for older and one for young clients) and

Paula Baraitser; Rachael Fettiplace; Frances Dolan; Helen Massil; Sarah Cowley

2002-01-01

452

"At Any Given Time, There Is a Crisis Somewhere": Characteristics of Young People Under the Conditions of the Economic Slump  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows the importance of methodological issues in the study of young Russians during the current economic slump. A critical analysis of the indicators of the social and economic situation of young people in Russia shows the need to include the concept of lifestyle and its influence of the choices made by young people and their parents.

Luk'ianova, E. L.; Sabirova, G. A.

2013-01-01

453

Predictors of substance abuse treatment participation among homeless adults.  

PubMed

The current study focuses on the relationships among a trauma history, a substance use history, chronic homelessness, and the mediating role of recent emotional distress in predicting drug treatment participation among adult homeless people. We explored the predictors of participation in substance abuse treatment because enrolling and retaining clients in substance abuse treatment programs is always a challenge particularly among homeless people. Participants were 853 homeless adults from Los Angeles, California. Using structural equation models, findings indicated that trauma history, substance use history and chronicity of homelessness were associated, and were significant predictors of greater recent emotional distress. The most notable result was that recent emotional distress predicted less participation in current substance abuse treatment (both formal and self-help) whereas a substance use history alone predicted significantly more participation in treatment. Implications concerning treatment engagement and difficulties in obtaining appropriate dual-diagnosis services for homeless mentally distressed individuals are discussed. PMID:24238716

Ibabe, Izaskun; Stein, Judith A; Nyamathi, Adeline; Bentler, Peter M

2014-03-01

454

Youth Suicide More young people in the United States  

E-print Network

normative, adolescent behaviors and serious problems associated with depression and suicide (For more information on depression, look for our Mental Health Fact Sheet, coming soon at www.adolescence combined.1 · Adolescent and young adult males are more than four times more likely to die from suicide than

New Hampshire, University of

455

Young People with Cancer: A Handbook for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book presents information for parents of children and young adults with cancer. The first section outlines aspects of the disease itself and considers characteristics of leukemia and solid tumors. Hospitalization and such treatments as chemotherapy and radiation are considered. Common health issues (including diet, dental care, bleeding, and…

National Cancer Inst. (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

456

December Uprising 2008: Universality and Particularity in Young People's Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this text I explore youth's discourse during the protests and riots that took place in Greece in December 2008. These riots occurred after the assassination of a 15-year-old student by a police officer in the centre of Athens. The uproar caused by the event had a major impact not only everywhere in Greece but also all over the world. Young

Pechtelidis, Yannis

2011-01-01

457

Do People Whose Names Begin with "D" Really Die Young?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been reported that professional baseball players whose first names begin with the letter "D" tend to die relatively young (E. L. Abel & M. L. Kruger, 2010). However, the statistical evidence for this claim is based on selective data and a statistical test that ignores important confounding influences. A valid test applied to more…

Smith, Gary

2012-01-01

458

Mixing It up: Bringing Young People's Digital Creativity to Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Remix is the practice of recombining music, sound, images, and words from sources such as film, television, video, online games, advertising, and novels into new kinds of creative blends. It is a process of re-assembling, recontextualizing, and creating new meanings, and a practice at which young, media-savvy creators excel. Increasingly, youth…

Burwell, Catherine

2012-01-01

459

What Provokes Young People to Get into Trouble: Singapore Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors address correctional education and juvenile delinquency. The authors examined the case files of 54 juvenile offenders incarcerated in the Kaki Bukit Center Prison School in Singapore to analyze the antecedents that provoked these young offenders to commit the offenses. The juveniles reported that peer influence and…

Tam, Kai Yung; Heng, Mary Anne; Bullock, Lyndal M.

2007-01-01

460

Young People and Newspapers: An Exploratory Study. Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second part of a two-part report is based on preliminary findings of an investigation into the recent decline in newspaper reading among young adults approximately 18 to 24 years old. It presents more then 50 hypotheses for the decline, derived from the findings of the investigation, documents them with verbatim quotes from members of the…

Yankelovich, Skelly and White, Inc., New York, NY.

461

Using Evidence-Based Programs to Support Children and Families Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article was originally published (November 2011) as a brief created on behalf of the Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children Coordinating Center, which is a partnership of The National Center on Family Homelessness, National Alliance to End Family Homelessness, and ZERO TO THREE. The article offers a definition of…

Siebel, Nancy L.; Bassuk, Ellen; Medeiros, Debra

2012-01-01

462

Love, lifestyles and the risk of AIDS: The moral worlds of young people in Bobo?Dioulasso, Burkina Faso  

Microsoft Academic Search

The HIV epidemic has had a profound impact on people's everyday life in most African societies. A large proportion of all new HIV infections involves young people between 15 and 25 years. The objective of this paper is to explore local moral worlds of young people in Bobo?Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, and discuss how the HIVS epidemic affects their reflections on

Helle Samuelsen

2006-01-01

463

The emotional well-being of young people having a parent with younger onset dementia.  

PubMed

Younger onset dementia (YOD) not only affects the person with the diagnosis but the whole family, which often includes young people. A limited body of research on this group of young people indicates that they experience varying degrees of emotional trauma. We explored the lived experiences of young people having a parent with YOD from the perspective of the social model of disability. Data were available from semi-structured interviews with 12 young people who had a parent with YOD looking at their lived experiences between 8 and 24 years. Thematic analysis identified four main themes: the emotional toll of caring, keeping the family together, grief and loss and psychological distress. The social model of disability theory provides a helpful framework for these families who experience significant emotional distress, demonstrating that the disability is often socially constructed by a society, which marginalizes and excludes them. A 'whole family' approach is proposed, where the needs of young people and their parents are respected and responded to age appropriately. PMID:24784939

Hutchinson, Karen; Roberts, Chris; Kurrle, Susan; Daly, Michele

2014-04-29

464

The sexual and reproductive health of young people in the Arab countries and Iran.  

PubMed

This article reviews the sexual and reproductive health situation of young people aged 10-24 in the Arab states and Iran, based on published and unpublished literature and interviews with 51 key informants working mostly in NGOs and international agencies in the region. There are few national government programmes addressing young people's sexual and reproductive health, with the exceptions of Tunisia and Iran, and a lack of population-based data to guide such programmes. Although the strong emphasis on the integrity and strength of the family unit has a protective effect, young people lack access to information. Education curricula that include these topics are rare and where they do exist, relevant sections are frequently skipped over by teachers, who are unprepared. Health service providers neither recognise the needs of this age group nor make young people welcome, particularly those who are unmarried. Increased education and employment mean the age at marriage is rising, but unprotected forms of marriage are also reported. Taboos surrounding discussion of sexuality remain a key constraint, and data on unwanted pregnancy and abortion, violence against women, and STIs/HIV/AIDS are limited. Building on NGO models and existing efforts, there is a need for the development of national programmes to support the well-being of young people in this region. PMID:16035597

DeJong, Jocelyn; Jawad, Rana; Mortagy, Iman; Shepard, Bonnie

2005-05-01

465

Psychosocial challenges of young people affected by HIV: experiences from Hamilton County, Chattanooga, Tennessee.  

PubMed

The number of young people affected by HIV and AIDS in Tennessee has steadily grown over the last few years. As a response to this situation, several organizations are working hard to address the needs of families impacted by HIV and AIDS. However, a close examination of some of the services provided suggests that young people within these families are ignored. Most of the services are geared toward HIV and AIDS-infected adult members of these families. Young people within these household are not targeted, and little is known about psychosocial challenges they experience in living with HIV-positive parents or guardians. In an attempt to address this gap, this small-scale qualitative study investigated the psychosocial challenges of young people affected by HIV and AIDS as a result of living with HIV-positive parents or guardians. Perceived sense of depression, experiencing stigma, self-blame, and lack of communication and loneliness were challenges that young people faced regularly. PMID:25495702

Chama, Samson; Ramirez, Octavio

2015-06-01

466

Do Online Mental Health Services Improve Help-Seeking for Young People? A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Background Young people regularly use online services to seek help and look for information about mental health problems. Yet little is known about the effects that online services have on mental health and whether these services facilitate help-seeking in young people. Objective This systematic review investigates the effectiveness of online services in facilitating mental health help-seeking in young people. Methods Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, literature searches were conducted in PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane library. Out of 608 publications identified, 18 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria of investigating online mental health services and help-seeking in young people aged 14-25 years. Results Two qualitative, 12 cross-sectional, one quasi-experimental, and three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were reviewed. There was no change in help-seeking behavior found in the RCTs, while the quasi-experimental study found a slight but significant increase in help-seeking. The cross-sectional studies reported that online services facilitated seeking help from a professional source for an average of 35% of users. The majority of the studies included small sample sizes and a high proportion of young women. Help-seeking was often a secondary outcome, with only 22% (4/18) of studies using adequate measures of help-seeking. The majority of studies identified in this review were of low quality and likely to be biased. Across all studies, young people regularly used and were generally satisfied with online mental health resources. Facilitators and barriers to help-seeking were also identified. Conclusions Few studies examine the effects of online services on mental health help-seeking. Further research is needed to determine whether online mental health services effectively facilitate help-seeking for young people. PMID:24594922

Mangan, Cheryl; Sanci, Lena

2014-01-01

467

Social media, help or hindrance: what role does social media play in young people's mental health?  

PubMed

Social media is a huge force in the lives of young people with wide ranging effects on their development; given the importance of adolescence in the genesis of mental illness, social media is a factor in the mental health of young people. Despite the role that social media obviously plays in the development of mental illness, little research has been done into the impact that social media has on in the mental illness of young people. In general, what research there is points towards social media having a large impact on young people in both positive and negative ways. In particular, certain studies show a greater incidence and severity of bullying online compared to offline which may contribute to the development of depression. This contrasts with the positive impact that social media seems to have for young people in minority groups (ethnic minorities and those with chronic disease or disability) by allowing them to connect with others who live similar lives despite geographical separation. This acts as a positive influence in these people's lives though a direct link to mental illness was not shown. Overall, several important issues are raised: firstly, the lack of research that has been conducted in the area; secondly, the gulf that exists between the generation of younger, 'digital native' generations and the older generations who are not as engaged with social media; and finally, the huge potential that exists for the use of social media as a protective influence for adolescents. With proper engagement, policy makers and health professionals could use social media to connect with young people on issues like mental health. PMID:25413562

Lloyd, Alfie

2014-11-01

468

Ethnic Tolerance in the Consciousness of Young People in Tula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the ethnosociological literature, the term "ethnic tolerance" is interpreted as a specific trait of the national character of some particular people, its mentality, a trait that is oriented toward tolerance, harmony, and a willingness to deal constructively with any problems that arise in interethnic relations. The variegated processes of…

Samsonova, Ekaterina Anatol'evna; Iudina, Ekaterina Iur'evna

2010-01-01

469

Factors associated with suicide after parasuicide in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine factors associated with completed suicide in young parasuicide patients. DESIGN--Case-control study. SETTING--Regional poisoning treatment centre in a teaching general hospital. SUBJECTS--Patients who, between 1968 and 1985 when aged 15-24 years, were admitted to the regional poisoning treatment centre because of deliberate self poisoning or self injury. Cases (n = 62) consisted of those who by the end of

K Hawton; J Fagg; S Platt; M Hawkins

1993-01-01

470

Predicting Overt and Covert Antisocial Behaviors: Parents, Peers, and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parental deviance, parental monitoring, and deviant peers were examined as predictors of overt and covert antisocial behaviors. Homeless (N=231) and housed (N=143) adolescents were assessed in adolescence and again in early adulthood. Homelessness predicted both types of antisocial behaviors, and effects persisted in young adulthood. Parental…

Tompsett, Carolyn J.; Toro, Paul A.

2010-01-01

471

Trust, autonomy and relationships: the help-seeking preferences of young people in secondary level schools in London (UK).  

PubMed

Help-seeking among young people is complicated, often determined vicariously by the ability of adults, family or professionals, to recognize, and respond to, their difficulties. We know very little about the complex concerns of teenage young people and how they impact on help-seeking preferences. We aimed to ascertain the help-seeking preferences for a range of mental health problems among adolescents attending schools in an inner-city area of London. In particular we sought to examine the relationship between such adolescents and their family doctor. Using a mixed methods approach we explored help-seeking attitudes of young people. Emotional and mental health problems are not seen by young people as the domain of General practitioners. Moreover, there is a worrying lack of confidence and trust placed in family doctor and other professionals by young people. Young people do not tend easily to trust adults to help them with emotional difficulties. PMID:20952053

Leavey, Gerard; Rothi, Despina; Paul, Rini

2011-08-01

472

Metaphors We Love By: Conceptualizations of Sex among Young People in Malawi  

PubMed Central

This paper explores how young people in Malawi conceptualize sex and sexual relations through an analysis of their personal narratives about these phenomena. Eleven focus group discussions were conducted with 114 youth aged 14–19 years. Participants were asked to describe behaviors, attitudes, and motivations to reduce unplanned pregnancies and the spread of HIV/AIDS, with appropriate probes to illuminate their sexual world-views. The various metaphors that emanated from the discussions suggest that young people in this study take a utilitarian approach to sex, and conceive it as a natural and routine activity of which pleasure and passion are essential components. Future research and prevention efforts (around sexuality education in particular) would do well to incorporate adolescents’ language in programming as this can enhance understanding of the world of young people as well as the effectiveness of interventions addressing problems related to early sexual behavior. PMID:18458743

Undie, Chi-Chi; Crichton, Joanna; Zulu, Eliya

2008-01-01

473

Measuring children and young people's wellbeing in the school context  

E-print Network

of what constituted the good life, namely that of Aristippus of Cyrene who posited that pleasure is the sole good in life (i.e. wellbeing is equated with hedonism), in comparison to Aristotle who identified eudaimonia, ‘activity expressing virtue... ’ (Aristotle, 1985 , p.284 cited in Waterman, 1993), as an ethical theory for living. Drawing on contemporary philosophy that eudaimonism requires people to recognise and live in accordance with the daimon or ‘true self’ (Norton, 1976), Waterman interprets...

McLellan, Ros; Steward, Susan

2014-06-24

474

Young People’s Sexual Partnerships in KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa: Patterns, Contextual Influences, and HIV Risk  

PubMed Central

Certain sexual partnering practices, such as multiple, concurrent or age-discrepant partnerships, are known to increase HIV risk. Yet the underlying dynamics of young people’s relationships are less understood. Using household survey and qualitative data, this study examines the partnership context of HIV risk, including partner types, their characteristics, and key aspects of partnership dynamics, including partner numbers and age differences, duration, concurrency, and frequency of contact among youth aged 15–24 in rural KwaZulu/Natal, South Africa. One-third of men reported multiple and/or concurrent partnering, while one-quarter of women had partners > 5 years older. Non-participation in civic organizations or schooling was correlated with higher risk partnerships for women, but not men. On average, relationships lasted >1 year for women and men, and were frequently characterized as ‘serious’. However, qualitative findings pointed to the sequential and overlapping nature of relationships, with distance and mobility as important influences. These fluid partnership patterns are an important feature of young people’s sexual risk in the context of South Africa’s severe HIV epidemic. PMID:19248716

Harrison, Abigail; Cleland, John; Frohlich, Janet

2013-01-01

475

Psychosocial assessments for young people: a systematic review examining acceptability, disclosure and engagement, and predictive utility  

PubMed Central

Adolescence and young adulthood are often turbulent periods in a person’s life. There are high rates of accidental deaths, suicide, mental health concerns, substance use, and sexual experimentation. Health care professionals need to conduct holistic assessments of clients in these developmental life stages to identify psychosocial risks and provide targeted early intervention and implement prevention strategies. The most useful psychosocial assessments for most health care professionals are those that can provide a complete picture of the young person’s life and circumstances. This article identifies psychosocial assessment instruments that can be used as an initial assessment and engagement tool with the general population of young people presenting for health care. We review the psychometric properties of each of the instruments, determining what type of instrument is most acceptable to young people, whether any can increase disclosure and improve engagement between young people and health professionals, and whether they have predictive utility. The search strategy complied with the relevant sections of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. A total of 89 published articles were identified, covering 31 different assessment instruments. Results indicated that those that were self-administered were most acceptable to young people, although it is unclear whether pen-and-paper or computer formats were preferred. Most psychosocial assessments can improve rates of disclosure and enhance engagement between young people and health professionals; however, worryingly, we found evidence that clinicians did not always respond to some of the most serious identified risks. Only for one instrument was there any mention of predictive utility. Future research should employ longitudinal approaches to determine the predictive utility of psychosocial assessments and focus on whether the use of new technologies can improve rates of disclosure. PMID:24600292

Bradford, Sally; Rickwood, Debra

2012-01-01

476

Puberty, contraception, and hormonal management for young people with disabilities.  

PubMed

Assessment and management of a young person with a severe disability is multifaceted and complex. Variations of puberty can cause major concerns for parents and carers, with fears of imminent menstruation, peer and personal differences, concern for height outcome, as well as grief for a loss of childhood. Addressing physical, emotional, and social issues assists in optimizing outcomes. This article outlines specific evaluation and detailed management strategies for female and male pubertal problems in the context of disability, including treatments for extreme pubertal delay or acceleration, menstrual management at different ages, contraceptive issues, and sexual function and choices for both sexes. PMID:18832526

Zacharin, Margaret R

2009-03-01

477

To raise awareness about homelessness and how each one of us can make a difference,  

E-print Network

To raise awareness about homelessness and how each one of us can make a difference, students in SPM. Please join their efforts to assist the homeless in our community by donating the following personal care will help the Rescue Mission serve homeless people in the local community. For more information, contact

McConnell, Terry

478

Homeless for the Holidays (appeared in the Sun in December 2008) Allegra Williams and Robert Forrant  

E-print Network

Homeless for the Holidays (appeared in the Sun in December 2008) Allegra Williams and Robert Forrant On November 20, 10 homeless people were evicted from their tent city in a wooded area owned-ranging discussion in The Sun and elsewhere about the issue of homelessness in the Merrimack Valley, focused in part

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

479

Draw a Young and an Older Person: Schoolchildren's Images of Older People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to explore stereotypes of older people as expressed in drawings by a sample of primary school children. Sixty children from fourth to sixth grades (30 boys and 30 girls aged 9 to 12 years) were asked to draw a young man, a young woman, an old man, and an old woman. The drawings were content analyzed. Children in our…

Villar, Feliciano; Faba, Josep

2012-01-01

480

Age differences among homeless individuals: adolescence through adulthood.  

PubMed

The present study examines differences between homeless adolescents, young adults, and older adults served by homeless shelters or food programs to inform service provision. Four homeless studies using the same sampling and measurement methods were pooled to permit comparisons across age groups. Results showed that homeless adolescents demonstrated greater resilience than younger and older adults. Adolescents reported the shortest duration of homelessness, lowest number of life stressors, fewest physical symptoms, largest social networks, and fewest clinically significant mental health problems. Adolescents also received fewer alcohol and drug abuse diagnoses than younger and older adults. Younger adults reported less time homeless and fewer physical symptoms than older adults, but more life stressors. Younger adults also endorsed higher levels of hostile and paranoid psychological symptoms. Implications for service provision and policy are discussed. PMID:19363770

Tompsett, Carolyn J; Fowler, Patrick J; Toro, Paul A

2009-01-01

481

Protecting Young People From Junk Food Advertising: Implications of Psychological Research for First Amendment Law  

PubMed Central

In the United States, one third of children and adolescents are overweight or obese, yet food and beverage companies continue to target them with advertising for products that contribute to this obesity crisis. When government restrictions on such advertising are proposed, the constitutional commercial speech doctrine is often invoked as a barrier to action. We explore incongruities between the legal justifications for the commercial speech doctrine and the psychological research on how food advertising affects young people. A proper interpretation of the First Amendment should leave room for regulations to protect young people from advertising featuring calorie-dense, nutrient-poor foods and beverages. PMID:22390435

Harris, Jennifer L.; Graff, Samantha K.

2012-01-01

482

Parent experiences raising young people with type 1 diabetes and celiac disease.  

PubMed

Authors of this qualitative descriptive study interviewed 30 parents concerning their experiences raising a child or adolescent with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and celiac disease (CD). Analysis revealed six themes: (a) health complications of T1D, (b) challenges of daily disease management, (c) financial concerns, (d) the young person's emotional/mental health, (e) experiences with healthcare providers, and (f) experiences with people outside the family and at school. Results suggest nurses need to be sensitive to challenges young people living with T1D and CD and their parents face, conduct ongoing assessments, and provide time during interactions to adequately address concerns. PMID:25305541

Erickson, Kerri; Freeborn, Donna; Roper, Susanne Olsen; Mandleco, Barbara; Anderson, Ashley; Dyches, Tina

2015-01-01

483

Life Shocks and Homelessness  

PubMed Central

We exploited an exogenous health shock—namely, the birth of a child with a severe health condition—to investigate the effect of a life shock on homelessness in large cities in the United States as well as the interactive effects of the shock with housing market characteristics. We considered a traditional measure of homelessness, two measures of housing instability thought to be precursors to homelessness, and a combined measure that approximates the broadened conceptualization of homelessness under the 2009 Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act (2010). We found that the shock substantially increases the likelihood of family homelessness, particularly in cities with high housing costs. The findings are consistent with the economic theory of homelessness, which posits that homelessness results from a conjunction of adverse circumstances in which housing markets and individual characteristics collide. PMID:23868747

Corman, Hope; Noonan, Kelly; Reichman, Nancy E.

2014-01-01

484

Parenting while Being Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the dynamics of parenting while being in a homeless context. The mosaic of stressors involved in this homeless parenting process are explicated and discussed. In addition, resources and strategies that may support parenting are presented and discussed.

Swick, Kevin J.; Williams, Reginald; Fields, Evelyn

2014-01-01

485

Life shocks and homelessness.  

PubMed

We exploited an exogenous health shock-namely, the birth of a child with a severe health condition-to investigate the effect of a life shock on homelessness in large cities in the United States as well as the interactive effects of the shock with housing market characteristics. We considered a traditional measure of homelessness, two measures of housing instability thought to be precursors to homelessness, and a combined measure that approximates the broadened conceptualization of homelessness under the 2009 Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act (2010). We found that the shock substantially increases the likelihood of family homelessness, particularly in cities with high housing costs. The findings are consistent with the economic theory of homelessness, which posits that homelessness results from a conjunction of adverse circumstances in which housing markets and individual characteristics collide. PMID:23868747

Curtis, Marah A; Corman, Hope; Noonan, Kelly; Reichman, Nancy E

2013-12-01

486

Young people's views on sharing health-related stories on the Internet.  

PubMed

There is an increasing interest in the use of stories in healthcare practice and education. However, there are few stories from young people concerning health and little is known about their views on sharing such stories on the Internet. The aim of this study was to explore young people's perspectives in this area. A qualitative method was used and a project website was purposely built to facilitate data collection. An online focus group with 13 young people was carried out in an asynchronous format. Participants valued highly the therapeutic effect of storytelling and the use of digital stories to share feelings and experiences with a wide range of audiences, suggesting that well-produced stories could be a useful learning resource. A number of concerns were also raised, including embarrassment, reaction of other people and online safety. Having stories available on the Internet can be beneficial; however, concerns especially about safety associated with Internet use and support for storytellers should be taken into consideration. A better understanding of young people's perceptions can provide valuable insights for future work with this age group on storytelling. PMID:21288270

Yu, Juping; Taverner, Nicki; Madden, Kim

2011-05-01

487

Emerging consumption patterns among young people of traditional and internet news platforms in the Low Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In search of a better understanding of young people’s news media consumption in a European high-media environment, this study analysed the role of uses and gratifications motivations in driving time spent with television news, newspapers, and online news sites, while controlling for the effects of possible influential socio-demographics. Our findings confirmed that the need to get information about the world

A. M. R. van Cauwenberge; L. S. J. d'Haenens; J. W. J. Beentjes

2010-01-01

488

HOMELESS SERVICE UTILIZATION REPORT  

E-print Network

HOMELESS SERVICE UTILIZATION REPORT H A W A I ` I 2 0 11 #12;State 2007 2,136 2,201 2,204 2,069 2) Hawai`i, Kaua`i and Maui Counties 2 HOMELESS SERVICE UTILIZATION REPORT The 2011 Homeless Service of Hawai`i and the Homeless Programs Office of the Hawai`i State Department of Human Services (DHS

489

Differential patterns of mental disorders among the homeless in Madrid (Spain) and Los Angeles (USA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we compare rates of mental disorders (major depression, dysthymia, cognitive impairment, and schizophrenia)\\u000a among homeless people in Madrid and Los Angeles (LA) and examine the ordering of the onset of both conditions (i.e., homelessness\\u000a and mental disorders). In the Madrid study, 262 homeless persons were interviewed using the CIDI. In the LA study, 1563 homeless\\u000a persons were

M. Muñoz; C. Vázquez; P. Koegel; J. Sanz; M. A. Burnam

1998-01-01

490

Homelessness: A Common Vocabulary Could Help Agencies Collaborate and Collect More Consistent Data. Report to Congressional Requesters. GAO-10-702  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple federal programs provide homelessness assistance through programs targeted to those experiencing homelessness or through mainstream programs that broadly assist low-income populations. Programs' definitions of homelessness range from including primarily people in homeless shelters or on the street to also including those living with…

Cackley, Alicia Puente

2010-01-01

491

Designs on dignity: perceptions of technology among the homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology, it is argued, has the potential to improve ev- eryone's life: from the workplace, to entertainment, to eas- ing chores around the home. But what of people who have neither job nor home? We undertook a qualitative study of the homeless population in a metropolitan U.S. city to better understand what it means to be homeless and how technology—from

Christopher A. Le Dantec; W. Keith Edwards

2008-01-01

492

Homelessness in America: What Should We Do? Public Talk Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide provides a forum for discussing the different beliefs that influence public policy about homelessness as well as policy goals. The central question is addressed in two parts: (1) what society ought to do for homeless people; and (2) laying out a range of possible answers for part 1. Four possible answers are discussed: help only…

Niedergang, Mark; McCoy, Martha, Ed.

493

Homeless “squeegee kids”: Food insecurity and daily survival  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current knowledge about food insecurity in North America is largely based on research with low-income households. Much less is known about the food experiences of homeless people, a group who are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. This study explored the food experiences of street youth, one of the fastest growing segments of the homeless population in Canada. To gain an

Naomi Dachner; Valerie Tarasuk

2002-01-01

494

Homelessness and Exclusion: Regulating public space in European Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public space is an essential component of the daily life of homeless people, whether rough sleepers or hostel dwellers or others who are inadequately housed. During 2006 a group of researchers from the European Observatory on Homelessness2 considered the ways in which the increasing surveillance, regulation and control over public space, evident in all European cities, has impacted on the

Joe Doherty; Volker Busch-Geertsema; Vita Karpuskiene; Eoin O'Sullivan; Ingrid Sahlin; Antonio Tosi; Agostino Petrillo

2008-01-01

495

Young people's response to death threat appeals: do they really feel immortal?  

PubMed

Threat appeals are used frequently in health promotion, with threats of (premature) death common in some areas, e.g. 'quit smoking or you'll die'. There is a common notion that young people feel they are immortal. Accordingly, we investigated whether young people would respond less to threats of death than to non-death threats and whether younger people would respond less to death threats than older people. This study was conducted with smokers in two age groups (16-25 and 40-50 years). Each respondent was exposed to one message about the threat of emphysema, either a death or non-death message. Younger smokers did not respond more to non-death threats than death threats and expressed a higher level of response to all threats than older smokers. It would appear that death threats are effective with young people and so we conclude that they do not feel immortal. An additional finding was that older females responded significantly more to non-death threats than older males. Death threats may not be effective with older females and a segmentation approach may be advisable when targeting older people using death threats in health promotion campaigns. PMID:12608680

Henley, N; Donovan, R J

2003-02-01

496

What Kind of a Future? Supporting Young People with Down's Syndrome to Lead Full Lives after They Leave School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Foundation for People with Learning Disabilities was fortunate to receive a legacy to improve the lives of people with Down's syndrome. The foundation looked at recent research and talked to people with Down's syndrome, their family members and professionals. One of their greatest concerns was what happens to young people when they leave…

Foundation for People with Learning Disabilities (NJ1), 2007

2007-01-01

497

Educating Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, the number of homeless children in America has more than doubled. Educators, however, are still legally obligated to enroll and support them, because of the passage of the "No Child Left Behind" Act of 2001, which reauthorized the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Although schools cannot solve homelessness, they can…

Berliner, BethAnn

2002-01-01

498

Japan's “New Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the mid-1990s, homelessness has become a major issue of public discussion in Japan, and is often viewed as a new social problem facing Japanese society. The issue of homelessness contrasts images of the absence of poverty and homelessness in postwar Japan, often explained based on the unique features of Japanese-style employment and welfare, containing poverty and unemployment. This paper

Aya Ezawa

2002-01-01

499

Homeless Health Concerns  

MedlinePLUS

... Many homeless women are victims of domestic or sexual abuse. Homeless children have high rates of emotional and behavioral problems, often from having witnessed abuse. Help such as shelters, health centers, and free meals are available. Contact your local homelessness assistance agency.

500

TRANSITIONAL SETTLEMENTS Planning Homeless  

E-print Network

TRANSITIONAL SETTLEMENTS 1 Planning Homeless Settlement Communities Western Washington University the living conditions faced by our fellow citizens who live in Homeless camps, public resources are necessary to help the Homeless segment of society regain their footing in society. PROJECT FOCUS This course

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.