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1

Homeless young people on social network sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the use of social network sites (MySpace and Facebook) by homeless young people, an extraordinary user population, made so in part by its vulnerability. Twenty-three participants of diverse ethnicities, 11 women and 12 men (mean age, 21.7 years), were interviewed in same-sex discussion groups of four participants each. The interviews consisted of questions about the uses,

Jill Woelfer; David Hendry

2012-01-01

2

Young People, Drug Use and Family Conflict: Pathways into Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young people who experience homelessness, in Australia and in other western contexts (US, Canada, England), are widely perceived to use and abuse alcohol and drugs. The available research indicates that homeless young people use all drug types, whether injected or otherwise, more frequently than their home-based peers. Debate exists in the…

Mallett, Shelley; Rosenthal, Doreen; Keys, Deborah

2005-01-01

3

The housing aspirations of homeless young people: ;;Listening to homeless young people and using their ideas to improve services  

Microsoft Academic Search

What do homeless young people say they want? Too often services are established without finding out, and this can give rise to voids or management problems. Macedon, Nottingham's largest provider of supported accommodation for homeless people, carried out research under the direction of Nottingham University. The findings provide vital information and practical suggestions to guide service planning and management.

Christine Russell

1999-01-01

4

Make or Break: How Homeless Young People Struggle To Fulfil Their Potential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness in the United Kingdom has very wide ramifications. Young homeless people face a difficult transition into adult life as poverty, low self-esteem, lack of family support, and lack of qualifications reinforce each others' effects. Homeless young people start behind their peers in educational achievement. Government policies put up…

Foyer Foundation, London (England).

5

The Trappings of Home: Young Homeless People's Transitions Towards Independent Living  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the experiences of young homeless people in Western Australia during their transitions to more permanent accommodation and independent living. For these young homeless people, permanent accommodation provided an opportunity for ‘feeling at home’ and having a sense of control and stability associated with ‘home’. Within this space, these young people wanted to be considered ‘normal’ home occupiers.

Martin Brueckner; Meredith Green; Sherry Saggers

2011-01-01

6

Improving the safety of homeless young people with mobile phones: values, form and function  

Microsoft Academic Search

By their pervasiveness and by being worn on our bodies, mobile phones seem to have become intrinsic to safety. To examine this proposition, 43 participants, from four stakeholder groups (homeless young people, service providers, police officers, and community members), were asked to consider how homeless young people could use mobile phones to keep safe. Participants were asked to express their

Jill Palzkill Woelfer; Amy Iverson; David G. Hendry; Batya Friedman; Brian T. Gill

2011-01-01

7

The Real Cost of Linking Homeless Young People to Employment, Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the implementation of the Victorian Youth Employment, Education and Training Initiative (YEETI). This statewide initiative delivered brokerage funds to homeless young people through their housing advocates. One of the findings of the project was that the main barrier to young people achieving a stable continuum in their lives…

Broadbent, Robyn

2008-01-01

8

Designing ubiquitous information systems for a community of homeless young people: precaution and a way forward  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon and distinguishing themselves from domestic, public, work, and natural settings, homeless communities offer new\\u000a cultural frontiers into which ubiquitous computing could diffuse. We report on one such frontier, a community of homeless\\u000a young people, located in Seattle, WA, seeking both to foresee the consequences of pervasive access to digital media and communications\\u000a and to prepare for its seemingly

Jill Palzkill Woelfer; David G. Hendry

9

Drug use among homeless young people in Los Angeles and Melbourne  

PubMed Central

Purpose To examine the effect of time spent homeless on young people’s substance use and use of drug and alcohol services in two countries with contrasting policy and service environments. Methods A cross-national survey was conducted of recently homeless and experienced homeless young people in Melbourne (N=674) and Los Angeles (N=620). Questions were asked about alcohol and drug use in the past three months, frequency of use, injecting drug use, drug dependency and perceived need for, and use of, drug and alcohol services. Data were analyzed using logistic regression. Results Substantial numbers of young people reported use of alcohol and drugs. More Australians than Americans and more experienced than newly homeless reported drug use, although there were no differences in frequency of use in the past three months. Polydrug use was common, as were injecting drugs and responses that signified drug dependency. All were more common among Australians and experienced homeless young people. A substantial number of young people had ‘ever’ taken part in a drug or alcohol program but only a minority believed that they needed help from services. Of these, only a minority had sought help. This was particularly so among those who were classified as drug dependent. Reasons for failure to seek help varied. Conclusion Substance use is alarmingly high compared to national samples of young people, especially among those who had been homeless for longer periods. Programs to reduce substance use must take account of the prevailing drug cultures, as well as different sub-groups of the population.

Rosenthal, Doreen; Mallett, Shelley; Milburn, Norweeta; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane

2008-01-01

10

Changes over time among homeless young people in drug dependency, mental illness and their co-morbidity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cross-national survey was conducted among 358 recently homeless young people in Melbourne and Los Angeles. Drug dependence and mental illness were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months. At each time point, participants were classified as no condition, drug dependent, having a mental illness or dual condition. Low levels of drug dependence or mental illness or both were reported

Doreen Rosenthal; Shelley Mallett; Lyle Gurrin; Norweeta Milburn; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus

2007-01-01

11

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over 3 years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to…

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

12

"It's Good to Have Wheels!" Perceptions of Cycling among Homeless Young People in Sydney, Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Participation in sporting or recreational programs can be unattainable for many disadvantaged young people. Encouraging regular cycling is an important public health strategy to increase participation in physical activity and expand personal transport options for marginalised youth. Perceptions and attitudes toward cycling were explored in eight…

Crawford, Belinda; Rissel, Chris; Yamazaki, Rowena; Franke, Elise; Amanatidis, Sue; Ravulo, Jioji; Bindon, Jenni; Torvaldsen, Siranda

2012-01-01

13

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

PubMed Central

This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over three years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to fewer home ties, especially to parents, and a more rapid loss of emotional home ties over time. Homeless youth with major depression start out with small networks, but are more likely to maintain network ties. Youth with substance abuse problems are more likely to maintain instrumental home ties. Finally, homeless adolescents tend to reconnect with their parents for instrumental aid and form romantic relationship that provide emotional support.

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

14

Helping Homeless People: Unique Challenges and Solutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is designed to provide a practical guide for gaining a detailed awareness and understanding of homelessness. After a foreword by Jesse Jackson, these chapters are included: (1) Introduction: Assessing the Unique Needs of Homeless People (Clemmie Solomon), which discusses the need for helping professionals to commit to addressing…

Solomon, Clemmie, Ed.; Jackson-Jobe, Peggy, Ed.

15

Art Messaging to Engage Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Background: Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. However, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use.Objectives: The purpose of this study was to

Manuel Cuchilla; Farinaz Kahilifard; Alexandra Slagle; Julie Orser; Glenna Avila; Alexandra Thomas; Adeline Nyamathi; Angela Hudson

2011-01-01

16

Art Messaging to Engage Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. However, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Objectives: The purpose of this study was

Manuel Cuchilla; Farinaz Kahilifard; Alexandra Slagle; Julie Orser; Glenna Avila; Alexandra Thomas; Adeline Nyamathi; Angela Hudson

2011-01-01

17

Safer Outside: A Qualitative Exploration of Homeless People's Resistance to Homeless Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unsheltered or “street” homeless are an under-researched subset of the homeless population although they account for 37% of the total number of homeless people. The current study examines the lives of homeless people who reside in camps in the woods of East Orange County, Florida. Data for this study were collected via five focus groups with a total of 39

Amy M. Donley; James D. Wright

2012-01-01

18

Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Adolescent homelessness has received increasing attention due to its fast growth throughout the United States and the poor mental outcomes experienced by homeless young people. This cross-sectional study (N = 156) identified correlates of depressive symptomatology among homeless young adults and investigated how depressive symptoms are influenced by the coping strategies these young adults employ. The findings are based on analysis of baseline data collected for a hepatitis vaccination intervention pilot study conducted in partnership with a young adult’s drop-in center in Santa Monica, California. Standardized tools assessed drug use history, coping ability, and psychiatric symptomatology. Linear regression modeling was used to identify correlates of depressive symptom severity. Poor perceived physical health, recent crack cocaine use and recent use of tranquilizers were significantly associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. Self-destructive escape, non-disclosure/avoidance, passive problem-solving and thoughts of harming self were also associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Marfisee, Mary; Slagle, Alexandra; Greengold, Barbara; Liu, Yihang; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

19

Poor Parenting and Antisocial Behavior among Homeless Young Adults: Links to Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

20

HOMELESSNESS AND CONTAINMENT – A PSYCHOTHERAPY PROJECT WITH HOMELESS PEOPLE AND WORKERS IN THE HOMELESS FIELD  

Microsoft Academic Search

A high percentage of homeless people suffer from a severe degree of personality disorder that causes them to fall through the net of psychiatric and caring services. Their persistent inability to maintain an actual dwelling?place as a location of stability and meaning, is also reflected in an inner state of fragility, and in relationship difficulties that lead to destructive behaviours

June Campbell

2006-01-01

21

Effective public library outreach to homeless people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify good practice in conducting outreach for homeless people, and hence to provide recommendations for future library outreach projects. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The authors examine of four case studies taken from the library literature, and conduct six semi-structured interviews with outreach and\\/or inclusion librarians from library authorities in South and West Yorkshire.

Peter Willett; Rebecca Broadley

2011-01-01

22

HCH Clinicians Can Help Homeless People Die with Dignity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Death is ever present among homeless people and the providers who treat them. People who are homeless may die unexpectedly-often violently-or they may be seriously ill but not have access to sophisticated hospice and palliative care programs. Some innovative programs provide compassionate end-of-life care to homeless and other underserved people, however, and there are some simple things that HCH providers

2004-01-01

23

Federal Programs to Help Homeless People.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual provides information on Federal programs and activities that can be used to help the homeless population. These programs are in three general categories: targeted homeless assistance programs created under the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assis...

1991-01-01

24

Employment Status and Income Generation among Homeless Young Adults: Results from a Five-City, Mixed-Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This mixed-methods study identified correlates of unemployment among homeless young adults in five cities. Two hundred thirty-eight homeless young people from Los Angeles (n = 50), Austin (n = 50), Denver (n = 50), New Orleans (n = 50), and St. Louis (n = 38) were recruited using comparable sampling strategies. Multivariate logistic regression…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna J.; Maccio, Elaine M.; Pollio, David

2012-01-01

25

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Highlights Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Highlights Report offers a substantial review of both the data and analytic conclusions. One significant finding that seems to fly in the face of certain myths about homelessness: "when homeless people get housing assistance and needed services - such as health care, substance abuse treatment, mental health services, education and job training - 76% of those living in families and 60% of those living alone end their homeless status."

1999-01-01

26

Homeless Young Adults and Behavioral HealthAn Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adults (ages 18-24) are especially vulnerable to homelessness in the United States, and those experiencing homelessness exhibit high prevalence for many kinds of abuse and negative health outcomes. This article reviews common behavioral health issues facing homeless youth and assesses collective wisdom on effective treatments and services for this vulnerable population. On the whole, the research remains focused on

Suzanne Zerger; Aaron J. Strehlow; Adi V. Gundlapalli

2008-01-01

27

Employment Difficulties Experienced by Employed Homeless People: Labor Market Factors That Contribute to and Maintain Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Labor market issues and challenges are primarily understood at an individual level, entrenched socially in policies and initiatives that seek to improve the workplace skills of people having difficulty attaching to the labor market, including people experiencing homelessness. In fact, the labor market is perceived to alleviate a person's situation of homelessness. In 2008 and 2009 qualitative data was collected

Micheal L. Shier; Marion E. Jones; John R. Graham

2012-01-01

28

Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, "Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People" is a comprehensive study that examines the continuums of care for homeless people throughout the United States. Critiquing the agenda of the Continuum of Care (CoC), a system designed to help homeless people as well as those at imminent risk of becoming homeless, this 216-page report examines their development, current structure, and possible future. Users should note that this report defaults to small font and may be more easily readable if printed.

2002-01-01

29

Youth Homelessness 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The third national census of homeless school students, conducted in 2006, found that the number of homeless students had decreased since 2001. There were 9,389 homeless students in 2006 compared with 12,227 in 2001. Three groups were over-represented in the homeless population: Indigenous students, young people from single parent and blended…

MacKenzie, David; Chamberlain, Chris

2008-01-01

30

Homelessness among people with severe mental illness in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questions under study: This study addresses socio-demographic and clinical characteristics among homeless people in Switzerland admitted to inpatient care, the use of and pathways to inpa- tient care by this group and, the extent to which psychiatric disorders contribute to the risk of homelessness. Methods: Based on data of a psychiatric case register we analysed 16 247 people consecutively referred

Christoph Lauber; Barbara Lay; Wulf Rössler

31

Between Poverty and a Lifestyle: The Leisure Activities of Homeless People in Las Vegas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housed people judge homeless people, and in particular their leisure activities, as indicators of whether that person has chosen a “homeless lifestyle” and therefore deserves homelessness. To achieve a more complex understanding of contemporary homelessness, the author conducted ethnographic fieldwork over ten months in Las Vegas, Nevada, interviewing and participant observing dozens of homeless men and women, including observations of

Kurt Borchard

2010-01-01

32

Correlates of Homeless Episodes among Indigenous People  

PubMed Central

This study reports the correlates of homeless episodes among 873 Indigenous adults who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study on four reservations in the Northern Midwest and four Canadian First Nation reserves. Descriptive analyses depict differences between those who have and have not experienced an episode of homelessness in their lifetimes. Multivariate analyses assess factors associated with a history of homeless episodes at the time of their first interview. Results show that individuals with a history of homeless episodes had significantly more individual and family health, mental health, and substance abuse problems. Periods of homelessness also were associated with financial problems. Among the female caretakers who experienced episodes of homelessness over the course of the study, the majority had been homeless at least once prior to the start of the study and approximately one–fifth met criteria for lifetime alcohol dependence, drug abuse, or major depression. Family adversity during childhood was also common for women experiencing homelessness during the study.

Whitbeck, Les B.; Crawford, Devan M.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner

2011-01-01

33

Strengthening At-Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children Initiative, funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, aims to improve the housing, health, and development of homeless and at-risk young families. This article describes the services provided in four program sites (Pomona, CA; Antelope Valley, CA; Minneapolis, MN; and Chicago, IL)…

Medeiros, Debra; Vaulton, Wendy

2010-01-01

34

Understanding survival sex: young women, homelessness and intimate relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to explore gendered experiences of homelessness through an examination of survival sex. Survival sex is usually understood to be the exchange of sex for material support, however, this research found a greater complexity in the intimate relationships being undertaken by young women experiencing homelessness. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 young women aged 18–25 years living in

Juliet Watson

2011-01-01

35

Factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults. Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined the influence of social networks and economic factors among a group of homeless young adults with differing levels of alcohol and drug use. In addition, for those with an alcohol use disorder the role of future time expectancies was examined. A sample (n=185) of homeless young adults aged 18-23 were recruited from a community drop-in center and interviewed utilizing self-report instruments. Findings suggest that social networks, economic factors, and future expectancies are significant predictors of the level of substance use among homeless young adults. Being able to identify those areas that place homeless young adults at risk for substance abuse and dependence has implications for effective intervention.

Gomez, Rebecca; Thompson, Sanna J.; Barczyk, Amanda N.

2010-01-01

36

The European Young Homelessness Group. Final Report of the Symposium on "Shut Out Youth" (Strasbourg, France, October 25-30, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This final report from the symposium on shut out youth concentrates on the problems of homeless young people in European cities. Remarks and recommendations of the symposium are reviewed. Homelessness is a growing trend among young people in Europe and most governments show little recognition of the problem. There is little social policy and…

Killeen, Damian

37

Cardiovascular disease risk factors in homeless people  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality, which is highest in Eastern Europe including Estonia. Accumulating evidence suggests that life-style is associated with the development of CVD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the informative power of common CVD-related markers under unhealthy conditions. Subjects Subjects (n = 51; mean age 45 years; 90% men) were recruited from a shelter for homeless people in Tallinn, Estonia, and consisted of persons who constantly used alcohol or surrogates, smoked, and were in a bad physical condition (amputated toes, necrotic ulcers, etc.). Methods Blood pressure, pulse rate, and waist circumference were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The following markers were measured in blood serum: total cholesterol (TChol), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-Chol), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-Chol), plasma triglycerides (TG), apolipoproteins A-l (ApoA1) and B (ApoB), lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), glucose (Gluc), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), serum carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Except smoking, the anamnestic information considering eating habits, declared alcohol consumption and medication intake were not included in the analysis due to the low credibility of self-reported data. Results More than half of the investigated patients had values of measured markers (hsCRP, TChol, LDL-Chol, TG, HbA1c, ApoA1, ApoB, Lp(a), Gluc) within normal range. Surprisingly, 100% of subjects had HDL-Chol within endemic norm. Conclusion This study demonstrates that traditional markers, commonly used for prediction and diagnosis and treatment of CVD, are not always applicable to homeless people, apparently due to their aberrant life-style.

2011-01-01

38

Pregnancy and Sexual Health among Homeless Young Injection Drug Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of…

Hathazi, Dodi; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Sanders, Bill; Bloom, Jennifer Jackson

2009-01-01

39

Assuring Access to Health Care for Homeless People Under National Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health problems are found among homeless people at a higher rate than among adequately housed individuals, and these problems are both a cause and a consequence of homelessness. Proposals for national health care reform that rely on managed competition are, alone, insufficient to insure access to America's homeless because homeless people have multiple health problems, are undesirable patients for many

Michael R. Cousineau; John N. Lozier

1993-01-01

40

Pregnancy and mental health of young homeless women.  

PubMed

Pregnancy rates among young women who are homeless are significantly higher than rates among housed young women in the United States (J. M. Greene & C. L. Ringwalt, 1998). Yet, little research has addressed mental health or risk and resilience among young mothers who are homeless. Based on a sample from the Midwest Longitudinal Study of Homeless Adolescents, this study explores pregnancy and motherhood in unaccompanied homeless young women over a period of 3 years. The data are supplemented by in-depth interviews with a subset of young women. Results show that almost half (46.4%) of sexually active young women who are homeless (n=222, M age = 17.2) had been pregnant at baseline. Among those who stated they had children between Waves 2 and 13 (n=90), only half reported caring for their children consistently over time, and one fifth reported never seeing their children. Of the participants with children in their care at the last interview (Wave 13), almost one third met criteria for lifetime major depressive episode, lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder, and lifetime drug abuse, and half met criteria for lifetime antisocial personality disorder. Twelve-month diagnoses are also reported. The impacts of homelessness on maternal and child outcomes are discussed. PMID:21486259

Crawford, Devan M; Trotter, Emily C; Hartshorn, Kelley J Sittner; Whitbeck, Les B

2011-04-01

41

Reclaiming bodily dispositions through the humanities: homeless people learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines data drawn from interviews with homeless people who were undertaking a Clemente programme offered by the Australian Catholic University in the Vincentian Village in East Sydney. The Clemente programme, conceptualised by Shorris, is based on the belief that an education in the humanities empowers people to engage in a more controlled way with the world in which

John Stevenson; Peter Howard

2007-01-01

42

Pregnancy and Mental Health of Young Homeless Women  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy rates among women in the U.S. who are homeless are much higher than rates among women who are housed (Greene & Ringwalt, 1998). Yet little research has addressed mental health, risk and resilience among young mothers who are homeless. This study utilizes a sample of women from the Midwest Longitudinal Study of Homeless Adolescents (MLSHA) to investigate pregnancy and motherhood over three years among unaccompanied homeless young mothers. Our data are supplemented by in-depth interviews with a subset of these women. Results show that almost half of sexually active young women (n = 222, µ age = 17.2) had been pregnant at baseline (46.4%), and among the longitudinal subsample of 171 women (µ age = 17.2), almost 70.0% had been pregnant by the end of the study. Among young mothers who are homeless, only half reported that they helped to care for their children consistently over time, and one-fifth of the women reported never seeing their children. Of the young women with children in their care at the last interview of the study (Wave 13), almost one-third met criteria for lifetime major depressive episode (MDE), lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and lifetime drug abuse, and one-half met criteria for lifetime antisocial personality disorder (APD). Twelve-month diagnoses are also reported. The impacts of homelessness on maternal and child outcomes are discussed, including the implications for practice, policy, and research.

Crawford, Devan M.; Trotter, Emily C.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner; Whitbeck, Les B.

2012-01-01

43

A systematic review of occupational therapy interventions with homeless people.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT A systematic review of the occupational therapy literature 1990-2008 was undertaken with the aim to assess the quality of evidence that supports the role of occupational therapy with homeless people. Forty articles were initially identified and critically appraised, including 16 research studies. Seven quantitative articles were included in this review and demonstrated the effectiveness of occupational therapy in providing interventions that increase employment and education prospects, money management, coping skills, and leisure activities. The literature suggests that occupational therapy has an appropriate role with people experiencing homelessness. PMID:23898982

Thomas, Yvonne; Gray, Marion; McGinty, Sue

2010-11-08

44

Oral health status of homeless people in Hong Kong.  

PubMed

The authors report on an oral health survey among Hong Kong Chinese homeless people. A total of 140 homeless men underwent clinical examination and were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. More than 90% had evidence of caries experience; most (75%) were related to untreated caries. The mean DMFT score was 9.0 (DT = 3.2, MT = 5.2, FT = 0.6). Periodontal disease was highly prevalent, with 96% having periodontal pockets. The dental problems most frequently reported by the homeless were: bleeding gums or drifting teeth (62%), dental pain (52%) and tooth trauma (38%). More than 70% of the study's participants perceived a need for dental care. The population surveyed had poorer oral health compared to the general population. High levels of dental needs, both normative and perceived, were found. There is a need to provide more accessible and affordable oral health services to this group of people. PMID:16927737

Luo, Yan; McGrath, Colman

45

Young People and Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports the findings of a small-scale qualitative inquiry into risk in the lives of children and young people. Conducted over a 12-month period in Birmingham and the Black Country in the United Kingdom, the study sought to elicit perceptions of risk from the perspective of children and young people in primary and secondary school…

Trotman, Dave; Martyn, Madeline; Tucker, Stanley

2012-01-01

46

Young People and Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings of a small-scale qualitative inquiry into risk in the lives of children and young people. Conducted over a 12-month period in Birmingham and the Black Country in the United Kingdom, the study sought to elicit perceptions of risk from the perspective of children and young people in primary and secondary school…

Trotman, Dave; Martyn, Madeline; Tucker, Stanley

2012-01-01

47

Evaluation of Continuums of Care for Homeless People. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this project was to examine Continuums of Care for homeless people throughout the United States, to understand their development, their current structure, and their likely future. A Continuum of Care (CoC) is, ideally, a system for helping ...

2002-01-01

48

Day centres for homeless people: spaces of care or fear?  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now widely argued that the contemporary city is becoming an increasingly hostile environment for homeless people. As basic street survival strategies are criminalized and public space ‘purified’ of those whose ‘spoiled’ identities threaten to ‘taint’ fellow members of the public, city authorities seem to have turned from a position of ‘malign neglect’ to more obviously punitive measures designed

Sarah Johnsen; Paul Cloke; Jon May

2005-01-01

49

Whose choice, hostels or homes? Policies for single homeless people  

Microsoft Academic Search

A marked increase in the prevalence of homelessness among single people has coincided with a renewed debate concerning the nature of the problem and the most appropriate policy response. The paper provides a brief discussion of these developments before presenting the key findings of a study of the closure of Alvaston Resettlement Unit, near Derby. These findings relate primarily to

Alan Deacon; Jill Vincent; Robert Walker

1995-01-01

50

Broadening Perspectives on Mobile Medical Outreach to Homeless People  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Using data collected by Project Renewal's mobile medical services to homeless people in New York City, this paper discusses a tension between an emergency medicine model of outreach and that of primary care. In the former model, clinicians evaluate clients on the basis of presenting complaints and refer them, as necessary, for specialized treatment. The latter is a broader model

Larry Nuttbrock; Andrew Rosenblum; Stephen Magura; Hunter McQuistion

2003-01-01

51

Broadening Perspectives on Mobile Medical Outreach to Homeless People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data collected by Project Renewal's mobile medical services to homeless people in New York City, this paper discusses a tension between an emergency medicine model of outreach and that of primary care. In the former model, clinicians evaluate clients on the basis of presenting complaints and refer them, as necessary, for specialized treatment. The latter is a broader model

Project Director Larry Nuttbrock; Andrew Rosenblum; Stephen Magura

2003-01-01

52

Voices of Homeless People in Street Newspapers: A Cross-Cultural Exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is a discourse analysis of four street newspapers from Europe and the United States. Street newspapers (SNPs), which are sold on the street by homeless people, usually claim to make society aware of homelessness and related issues, to be a platform for homeless people and to help them regain independence and self-respect. This analysis will question this claim.

DANIÈLE TORCK

2001-01-01

53

Pregnancy and Sexual Health Among Homeless Young Injection Drug Users  

PubMed Central

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of prenatal care, and histories of sexual victimization are described. A total of 81 lifetime pregnancies and 26 children were reported. Infrequent and ineffective use of contraception was common. While pregnancy motivated some homeless youth to establish housing, miscarriages and terminations were more frequent among youth who reported being housed. Widespread access to prenatal and medical services was reported during pregnancy, but utilization varied. Many women continued to use substances throughout pregnancy. Several youth reported childhood sexual abuse and sexual victimization while homeless. Pregnancy presents a unique opportunity to encourage positive health behaviors in a high-risk population seldom seen in a clinical setting.

Hathazi, Dodi; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Sanders, Bill; Bloom, Jennifer Jackson

2009-01-01

54

Self-perceived strengths among people who are homeless.  

PubMed

This study examined self-perceived strengths among 116 people who were homeless. Those who had experienced a longer period of current homelessness tended to report fewer personal strengths (r = -0.23). Nonetheless, in spite of their marginalized position in society, the vast majority of participants (114 out of 116) perceived personal strengths. A prior diagnosis with mental illness was not associated with the number of strengths reported, but self-perception of strengths was associated with altruistic orientation. The Values in Action (VIA) taxonomy of character strengths captured many of the responses generated by this population. The most frequently mentioned character categories included social intelligence, kindness, persistence, authenticity and humour. The most frequently mentioned other strengths included personal skills (e.g. music, sports), job skills, intelligence and education. The results have relevance for efforts to build self-perceptions that facilitate escape from homelessness. PMID:23173008

Tweed, Roger G; Biswas-Diener, Robert; Lehman, Darrin R

2012-09-10

55

A mobile surgery for single homeless people in London.  

PubMed Central

Little is known about the social and medical characteristics of people who regularly sleep rough, or whether medical care can be targeted at these people. In 1987 a mobile surgery was used to provide primary health care at two sites in central London where many single homeless people sleep outdoors. One hundred and forty six patients were seen with illnesses ranging from scabies to osteomyelitis and tuberculosis. Sociodemographic data showed the patients to be generally an isolated group with deprived and unstable backgrounds, often compounded by alcohol abuse. Over a third of the patients from one site attended a drop in surgery for homeless people in Soho within a month after seeing a doctor in the mobile surgery. This suggests that the project can be a first step in integrating this isolated group with health care facilities.

Ramsden, S. S.; Nyiri, P.; Bridgewater, J.; el-Kabir, D. J.

1989-01-01

56

Does a Baby Help Young Women Transition out of Homelessness? Motivation, Coping, and Parenting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Homeless young women experience high levels of stress, challenges to mental health, substance use and abuse, and a lack of housing or of secure housing. This article explores one of the findings from a longitudinal qualitative study designed to follow homeless young women for a 2-year period as they make efforts to transition out of homelessness.…

Ruttan, Lia; Laboucane-Benson, Patricia; Munro, Brenda

2012-01-01

57

Does a Baby Help Young Women Transition out of Homelessness? Motivation, Coping, and Parenting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless young women experience high levels of stress, challenges to mental health, substance use and abuse, and a lack of housing or of secure housing. This article explores one of the findings from a longitudinal qualitative study designed to follow homeless young women for a 2-year period as they make efforts to transition out of homelessness.…

Ruttan, Lia; Laboucane-Benson, Patricia; Munro, Brenda

2012-01-01

58

Does a Baby Help Young Women Transition Out of Homelessness? Motivation, Coping, and Parenting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless young women experience high levels of stress, challenges to mental health, substance use and abuse, and a lack of housing or of secure housing. This article explores one of the findings from a longitudinal qualitative study designed to follow homeless young women for a 2-year period as they make efforts to transition out of homelessness. Our objective was to

Lia Ruttan; Patricia Laboucane-Benson; Brenda Munro

2012-01-01

59

Strengthening Homeless Parents with Young Children Through Meaningful Parent Education and Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless parents of young children confront several barriers to developing effective parenting skills and dispositions. Perhaps\\u000a the major barrier is that of the negative stereotype that many people use to label them. They also often have not had positive\\u000a parent role models and in many cases have had to deal with the issues of violence. Parent education and support strategies

Kevin J. Swick

2009-01-01

60

The Periphery of Care: Emergency Services for Homeless People in Rural Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Until recently, homelessness in rural areas has received little recognition because of overwhelming assumptions about the urban-centeredness of homeless people and their needs. This paper seeks to build on recent research that has begun to uncover some of the problems and characteristics of rural homelessness, by suggesting two significant…

Cloke, Paul; Johnsen, Sarah; May, Jon

2007-01-01

61

The Dynamics of Violence and Homelessness among Young Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Violence is one of the most prevalent elements in the lives of homeless families with young children. This violence may come in various forms: domestic violence, street violence, violence in one's childhood, witnessing violence, and other avenues and modes. Violence disrupts the normal bonding between parent and child. It isolates and degrades…

Swick, Kevin James

2008-01-01

62

Psychological Help-Seeking in Homeless Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Homeless young people in the UK are a vulnerable group: their levels of psychological problems, physical ill health and violent victimisation exceed those of their housed counterparts.Aims: This qualitative study aimed to examine homeless young people's views about seeking psychological help for their problems.Method: Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 16 homeless young people at an emergency hostel. A thematic

Pádraig Collins; Chris Barker

2009-01-01

63

Exploring the Hidden Nature of Gambling Problems among People Who Are Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although people with gambling problems are now recognised to be among those groups of people at increased risk of homelessness, little research has explored their experiences. This qualitative interpretive study explored the experiences of people who were homeless and had gambling problems, and the housing and gambling service providers assisting them. In-depth interviews were conducted with 17 service users and

Louise Holdsworth; Margaret Tiyce

2012-01-01

64

Suit says homeless mission excludes people with HIV.  

PubMed

A lawsuit has been brought against the Pacific Garden Mission homeless shelter in Chicago, alleging that the Federal Fair Housing Act and the Illinois HIV Confidentiality Act have been violated. The shelter currently requires people to take an HIV test as a condition of admission and those who are HIV-positive are denied entry. The suit was brought on behalf of John Doe and others who sought shelter at the mission but were told that they could not stay without getting an HIV test first. The lawsuit cites a 1996 ruling, Woods v. Foster, holding that homeless shelters are dwellings as defined by the Fair Housing Act. John Doe is seeking punitive and compensatory damages. The suit also seeks injunctive relief under the Illinois HIV Confidentiality Act, stating that no person may order an HIV test without written informed consent. PMID:11364724

1997-10-01

65

Homeless and Disabled: Rights, Responsibilities, and Recommendations for Serving Young Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Homelessness is a growing social problem in the United States. Especially vulnerable to this phenomenon are young children because homelessness is viewed as a breeding ground for disabilities. Despite federal legislation ensuring educational opportunities, the educational needs of children who are homeless are frequently unfulfilled. This article…

Gargiulo, Richard M.

2006-01-01

66

Homeless and Disabled: Rights, Responsibilities, and Recommendations for Serving Young Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a growing social problem in the United States. Especially vulnerable to this phenomenon are young children because homelessness is viewed as a breeding ground for disabilities. Despite federal legislation ensuring educational opportunities, the educational needs of children who are homeless are frequently unfulfilled. This article…

Gargiulo, Richard M.

2006-01-01

67

Correlates of street-survival behaviors in homeless young adults in four U.S. cities.  

PubMed

This study assessed the prevalence and correlates of behaviors used by homeless young people to survive on the streets. Survival behaviors include prostitution, selling blood or plasma, dealing drugs, stealing, and panhandling. One hundred ninety-six homeless young adults from 4 metropolitan areas-Los Angeles, CA (n = 50); Austin, TX (n = 50); Denver, CO (n = 50); and St. Louis, MO (n = 46)-participated in individual, semistructured, face-to-face interviews. Researchers predicted that youth transience would be related to high rates of survival behaviors. Multivariate logistic regression was used to test a model predicting relationships between survival behaviors and transience, employment, substance use, and social support. Young adults who were transient, unemployed, drug-addicted, and reliant on peers for help were more likely to use these survival behaviors. In addition, among the transient subsample, being White, more reliant on peers for help, more transient, and having been victimized were associated with high use of these survival behaviors. Identification of the environmental and demographic factors associated with survival behaviors suggests that there may be value in combining harm-reduction strategies with efforts to reduce the transience of homeless young adults. PMID:21729020

Ferguson, Kristin M; Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna; Xie, Bin; Pollio, David

2011-07-01

68

Dignity and indignation: How people experiencing homelessness view services and providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how people experiencing homelessness view their interactions with service providers. Drawing on a database of more than 500 transcribed interviews with people experiencing homelessness we find that descriptions of interactions with staff and providers were predominantly expressed in sharply negative terms, with experiences of objectification and infantilization being commonplace. In response to these experiences, nearly all were

Lisa Hoffman; Brian Coffey

2008-01-01

69

[Insecticide resistance in lice collected from homeless people in Moscow].  

PubMed

Permethrin and malathion resistance in body and head lice collected from homeless people in Moscow was investigated in March 2009 to March 2010. Most micropopulations were found to have permethrin-resistant individuals. Their proportion varied from 8.7 to 100%. Cross resistance of body lice to 5 insecticides (the pyrethroids permethrin, d-phenothrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, and the organic chlorine compound DDT) was revealed in one case. The lice remained susceptible to organic phosphorus insecticides (fenthion, malathion). The data on permethrin resistance in the lice, obtained by the standard method (immersion of the insects into an insecticide solution), correlated with those yielded by the modified WHO method. PMID:22308710

Lopatina, Iu V; Eremina, O Iu

70

Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Young Adults Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. Yet, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Objectives The purpose of this study was to solicit perspectives of homeless drug-using young adults as to how art can be used to design messages for their peers about the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Methods Qualitative methodology via focus group discussions was utilized to engage 24 homeless young adults enrolled from a drop-in site in Santa Monica. Results The findings revealed support for a myriad of delivery styles, including in person communication, flyers, music, documentary film and creative writing. The young adults also provided insight into the importance of the thematic framework of messages. Such themes ranged from empowering and hopeful messages to those designed to scare young homeless adults into not experimenting with drugs. Conclusions The findings indicate that in addition to messages communicating the need to prevent or reduce drug and alcohol use, homeless young adults respond to messages that remind them of goals and dreams they once had for their future, and to content that is personal, real and truthful. . Our research indicates that messages that reinforce protective factors such as hope for the future and self-esteem may be as important to homeless young adults as information about the risks and consequences of drug use.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Slagle, Alexandra; Thomas, Alexandra; Hudson, Angela; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Avila, Glenna; Orser, Julie; Cuchilla, Manuel

2013-01-01

71

Adapting the Individual Placement and Support Model with Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Prior research reveals high unemployment rates among homeless young adults. The literature offers many examples of using evidence-based supported employment models with vulnerable populations to assist them in obtaining and maintaining competitive employment; yet few examples exist to date with homeless young adults with mental…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Xie, Bin; Glynn, Shirley

2012-01-01

72

Exploring the Psychosocial and Behavioral Adjustment Outcomes of Multi-Type Abuse among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the psychosocial and behavioral adjustment outcomes associated with verbal, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse among homeless young adults as well as the associations among abuse types. Convenience sampling was used to select 28 homeless young adults (ages 18 to 24) from one drop-in center. Overall, subjects experienced…

Ferguson, Kristin M.

2009-01-01

73

Is Shared Housing a Way to Reduce Homelessness? The Effect of Household Arrangements on Formerly Homeless People  

PubMed Central

Most single adults share housing with other adults, and living alone is considerably more expensive than living with someone else. Yet policies that discourage shared housing for formerly homeless people or people at risk of becoming homeless are common, and those that encourage it are rare. This would be understandable if such housing adversely affected its users in some way. We ask whether shared housing produces adverse effects. Our provisional answer is no. For the most part, whether a person lives alone or shares housing seems to make no difference to the outcomes we studied although shared housing is associated with reduced psychotic symptomology. We use data from ACCESS, a 5-year, 18-site demonstration project with over 6,000 formerly homeless individuals as participants.

He, Yinghua; O'Flaherty, Brendan; Rosenheck, Robert A.

2010-01-01

74

Untangling the Complex Needs of People Experiencing Gambling Problems and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People with gambling problems are now recognised among those at increased risk of homelessness, and the link between housing and gambling problems has been identified as an area requiring further research. This paper discusses the findings of a qualitative study that explored the relationship between gambling problems and homelessness. Interviews…

Holdsworth, Louise; Tiyce, Margaret

2013-01-01

75

Pathways for Homeless Mentally Ill People in Washington, D.C.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The need for a more responsive service system for people who are both mentally ill and homeless is a salient concern in America today. Preliminary research was conducted to examine how homeless mentally ill persons are processed by the currently organized network of human services in the nation's capital. Data were gathered in the summer of 1985…

Dockett, Kathleen H.

76

Danger on the StreetsMarginality and Victimization Among Homeless People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from a national survey are used to examine the relationship between marginality and criminal victimization among the homeless. The results show that homeless people are victimized disproportionately often both in absolute and relative terms (i.e., compared to members of the domiciled population)and that the modal pattern entails multiple forms of victimization. Conventional demographic antecedents of victimization receive little support

Barrett A. Lee; Christopher J. Schreck

2005-01-01

77

Treating homeless people with alcohol and other drug problems: Issues for practice and evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of alcohol and other drug abuse in the homeless population has gained increasing importance in both research and service-provider communities. Of all the serious problems that homeless people face -- extreme poverty, unemployment, education deficits, high rates of serious mental illness, severe physical health problems -- alcohol and other drug abuse and addiction are the most pervasive and

Peggy M. Murray

1993-01-01

78

Educational Issues for Children and Young People in Families Living in Emergency Accommodation--An Irish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article explores how homelessness may impact on the educational participation of children and young people in families living in emergency accommodation in Dublin. Many difficulties arise in terms of maintaining consistent schooling for children when they are part of a homeless family, including problems getting to and from school if living…

Keogh, Anna Fiona; Halpenny, Ann Marie; Gilligan, Robbie

2006-01-01

79

[Young people first].  

PubMed

In every country, people debate about at what point youth should be informed about sex, if it is normal to be sexually active and at what age, and if it is necessary for youth to have easy access to condoms and other contraceptive methods. The reason for the debate is that young people are being exposed to more and more risks. It is time for them to have the means to protect themselves against HIV infections, other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and unwanted pregnancy. More than 50% of the world's population is less than 25 years old. Youth are becoming sexually active at younger ages. More than 50% of HIV cases in the world are younger than 25. The most vulnerable to HIV are young women. When young adults die of AIDS, their children become orphans and must live with other family members. Most deaths among 15-19 year old girls are associated with pregnancy or childbirth. 1 in 20 adolescents has been treated for at least 1 STD. The number is probably higher since most youth do not have access to STD treatment or do not even know they have an STD. Youth often do not have access to sexuality counseling, family planning services, or STD services. Adolescence is a time of considerable physical and emotional change. Youth want to experience new ways to love and to feel loved. These new experiences and the risks that come with the experiences are needed for development but youth need support to avoid risky behavior. Factors that make the already vulnerable youth even more vulnerable are poverty, unemployment, little education, abuse of alcohol and drugs, and violence. Youth need sex education at school; activities in religious, sport, and youth club organizations; use of the mass media to promote sexual responsibility; and access to family planning. Youth programs must be based on specific responses and beliefs, information, and knowledge needs identified by the youth themselves. Youth need more than facts on sex and reproduction. They need to discuss, ask questions, and know if sex is the only or better way to express feelings. They need a supportive environment. PMID:12292173

1995-04-01

80

IMPLICATIONS OF HOMELESSNESS FOR PARENTING YOUNG CHILDREN: A PRELIMINARY REVIEW FROM A DEVELOPMENTAL ATTACHMENT PERSPECTIVE  

PubMed Central

Although it has been well-documented that parents and children who experience homelessness often have compromised health and well-being, few studies have examined the potential implications of homelessness on the process of parenting young children. In this review, we consider how parents of young children might function under the circumstances of homelessness. We begin with a brief overview of the psychological, social, and medical characteristics of homeless mothers and their young children. Using a developmental attachment perspective, we next briefly review the central tasks of parenting during the first 5 years of life, including emotion regulation and fostering of child autonomy, with an eye toward how homelessness may compromise a mother's ability to complete these tasks. Finally, we provide suggestions for further research that incorporate a developmental attachment perspective and other relevant viewpoints. Because of the paucity of research in this area, our review seeks to provide a heuristic framework for future research, intervention development, and policy.

DAVID, DARYN H.; GELBERG, LILLIAN; SUCHMAN, NANCY E.

2012-01-01

81

Issues and Strategies Involved in Helping Homeless Parents of Young Children Strengthen Their Self-Esteem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless parents of young children face many stressors that erode their self-esteem. This article articulates these stressors\\u000a and how they negatively impact homeless parents and their children. Strategies for helping parents empower themselves and\\u000a their children are explained.

Kevin J. Swick

2009-01-01

82

Physical activity and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical activity should be a normal part of growing up for young people. Babies learn and develop physical capabilities through play; toddlers develop key social skills through games with others and young people develop basic skills and an understanding of rules and team membership through sport and physical education. Unfortunately as children get older and into teenage years, levels of

Maureen Mulvihill

83

Leading Work with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Leading Work with Young People" provides a selection of writing from a complex and dynamic field of work. The editors bring together key readings and newly commissioned material to present a variety of theoretical and practical perspectives on leading and managing work with young people. The book will equip students with the knowledge, skills,…

Harrison, Roger, Ed.; Benjamin, Cathy, Ed.; Curran, Sheila, Ed.; Hunter, Rob, Ed.

2007-01-01

84

Effective Communication with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Australian Government established the Office for Youth (the Office) in September 2008 in an effort to engage with the young people of Australia. The Office will work with other government agencies to help young people reach their full potential; make effective transitions to adulthood as they continue to learn, start work, make decisions that…

Shanahan, Patrick; Elliott, David

2009-01-01

85

Where Do Young People Work?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current policy intention, that all young people remain in some form of accredited education or training to the age of 18 by 2015, poses significant challenges. The jobs without training (JWT) group includes young people who are in full-time work and not in receipt of training leading to National Vocational Qualification level 2 (or above);…

Maguire, Sue; Huddleston, Prue

2009-01-01

86

Young People and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet was developed to inform teenagers of their civil rights and to encourage them to organize in order to seek more equitable rights. The book is not recommended for classroom use, but rather is written as resource material for young people avidly interested in their rights and in the discrimination against young people by the legal…

Autlin, Diana

87

Families on the Edge: Homeless Young Parents and Their Welfare Experiences. A Survey of Homeless Youth and Service Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the experiences of homeless young parents with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, which can be an important tool in helping them achieve long-term stability and economic self-sufficiency. The 1996 welfare reform act included special provisions that applied only to minor teen parents, requiring them to…

Reeg, Bob; Grisham, Christine; Shepard, Annie

88

Factors associated with reported need for dental care among people who are homeless using assistance programs.  

PubMed

A retrospective secondary data analysis of the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients database was conducted to identify the demographic characteristics and correlates associated with reported need for dental care among people who are homeless in the United States. Overall, 10% of people who were homeless reported that dental care was their most needed service. Of these, 17% had a dental visit within the previous 12 months, 52% were racial/ethnic minorities, 76% lived in a central city, and 26% were veterans. The unadjusted odds for reporting a need for dental care was highest among veterans who were homeless and those whose last dental visit occurred more than 12 months ago. Compared to nonveterans who were homeless, veterans had twice the adjusted odds for reporting a need for dental care. The adjusted odds for reporting a need for dental care were lowest for those with dental insurance. Evaluation of the data suggests that dental insurance was associated with reporting lower need for dental care. Veterans who were homeless reported higher odds for dental care. Strengthening existing oral health-care programs sensitive to the needs of people who are homeless may improve their oral health and reduce their dental-disease-related morbidity. PMID:20618780

Okunseri, Christopher; Girgis, Dina; Self, Karl; Jackson, Scott; McGinley, Emily L; Tarima, Sergey S

89

Contraceptive choice for young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and methodologyGiving young women access to newer contraceptives such as the combined contraceptive patch, combined contraceptive vaginal ring and single-rod implant may help reduce teenage pregnancies. However, little is known about young people's attitudes towards these contraceptives. This cross-sectional survey, using a self-completion questionnaire, aimed to explore young people's attitudes towards these contraceptives in order to develop understanding of

Rebecca Say; Diana Mansour

2009-01-01

90

Traumatic brain injury among people who are homeless: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Homelessness and poverty are important social problems, and reducing the prevalence of homelessness and the incidence of injury and illness among people who are homeless would have significant financial, societal, and individual implications. Recent research has identified high rates of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among this population, but to date there has not been a review of the literature on this topic. The objective of this systematic review was to review the current state of the literature on TBI and homelessness in order to identify knowledge gaps and direct future research. Methods A systematic literature search was conducted in PsycINFO (1887–2012), Embase (1947–2012), and MEDLINE/Pubmed (1966–2012) to identify all published research studies on TBI and homelessness. Data on setting, sampling, outcome measures, and rate of TBI were extracted from these studies. Results Eight research studies were identified. The rate of TBI among samples of persons who were homeless varied across studies, ranging from 8%-53%. Across the studies there was generally little information to adequately describe the research setting, sample sizes were small and consisted mainly of adult males, demographic information was not well described, and validated screening tools were rarely used. The methodological quality of the studies included was generally moderate and there was little information to illustrate that the studies were adequately powered or that study samples were representative of the source population. There was also an absence of qualitative studies in the literature. Conclusions The rate of TBI is higher among persons who are homeless as compared to the general population. Both descriptive and interventional studies of individuals who are homeless should include a psychometrically sound measure of history of TBI and related disability. Education of caregivers of persons who are at risk of becoming, or are homeless, should involve training on TBI. Dissemination of knowledge to key stakeholders such as people who are homeless, their families, and public policy makers is also advocated.

2012-01-01

91

When the Bough Breaks: The Effects of Homelessness on Young Children. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 3, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Living without permanent, long-term housing creates a number of stressors for children and families, but being homeless can be particularly detrimental to the healthy development of young children. The National Center on Family Homelessness reports that more than 1.6 million children--or one in 45 children--were homeless annually in America…

McCoy-Roth, Marci; Mackintosh, Bonnie B.; Murphey, David

2012-01-01

92

Expanding Service Delivery: Does It Improve Relationships Among Agencies Serving Homeless People with Mental Illness?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enhancing interagency services integration for homeless people has been advocated as an approach for improving service delivery to this population. In contrast to system-level “top-down” interventions, this study examines the association of expanded funding of client-level homeless services, a “bottom-up” approach, with strengthening of interorganizational relationships. We compared Veterans Affairs\\/non-Veterans Affairs interagency relationships at VA facilities supporting community-oriented programs (N=72),

James McGuire; Robert Rosenheck; Craig Burnette

2002-01-01

93

How can health services effectively meet the health needs of homeless people?  

PubMed Central

Background Homelessness affects many people in contemporary society with consequences for individuals and the wider community. Homeless people experience poorer levels of general physical and mental health than the general population and there is a substantial international evidence base which documents multiple morbidity. Despite this, they often have problems in obtaining suitable health care. Aim To critically examine the international literature pertaining to the health care of homeless people and discuss the effectiveness of treatment interventions. Design of study Review and synthesis of current evidence. Method Medline (1966–2003), EMBASE (1980–2003), PsycINFO (1985–2003), CINAHL (1982–2003), Web of Science (1981–2003) and the Cochrane Library (Evidence Based Health) databases were reviewed using key terms relating to homelessness, intervention studies, drug misuse, alcohol misuse and mental health. The review was not limited to publications in English. It included searching the internet using key terms, and grey literature was also accessed through discussion with experts. Results Internationally, there are differing models and services aimed at providing health care for homeless people. Effective interventions for drug dependence include adequate oral opiate maintenance therapy, hepatitis A, B and tetanus immunisation, safer injecting advice and access to needle exchange programmes. There is emerging evidence for the effectiveness of supervised injecting rooms for homeless injecting drug users and for the peer distribution of take home naloxone in reducing drug-related deaths. There is some evidence that assertive outreach programmes for those with mental ill health, supportive programmes to aid those with motivation to address alcohol dependence and informal programmes to promote sexual health can lead to lasting health gain. Conclusions As multiple morbidity is common among homeless people, accessible and available primary health care is a pre-requisite for effective health interventions. This requires addressing barriers to provision and multi-agency working so that homeless people can access the full range of health and social care services. There are examples of best practice in the treatment and retention of homeless people in health and social care and such models can inform future provision.

Wright, Nat MJ; Tompkins, Charlotte NE

2006-01-01

94

Homelessness and the transition from foster care to adulthood.  

PubMed

Prior research suggests that homelessness is a significant problem among young people aging out of foster care. However, these studies have not attempted to identify potential risk or protective factors that might affect the likelihood of becoming homeless during the transition to adulthood. This paper uses data from a longitudinal study to examine both the occurrence and predictors of homelessness among a sample of young people from three Midwestern states who recently aged out of foster care. PMID:20405776

Dworsky, Amy; Courtney, Mark E

2009-01-01

95

Young people and smoking  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of people aged between eleven and fifteen inclusive which was added to the BHPS in its fourth wave asked a range of questions but focusing especially on health, health awareness, and aspects of psychological well-being. These included questions on smoking and on attitudes to smoking. Comparisons are made between actual smoking, attitudes to smoking, attitudes to health in

Malcolm Brynin

1997-01-01

96

Supportive housing for homeless people with severe mental illness.  

PubMed

Research suggests that as many as 110,000 single adults with severe mental illness (SMI) are homeless on any given day in the United States. The combination of mental illness and homelessness make this population especially hard to reach through either housing or mental health programs alone. Supportive housing programs, which provide independent housing along with health and social services, hold great promise for this population, but are costly to launch and maintain. This Issue Brief highlights a landmark study that examines the extent to which supportive housing costs are offset by reductions in the use of public services for health, corrections, and shelter. PMID:12528737

Culhane, Dennis P; Metreaux, Stephen; Hadley, Trevor

2002-02-01

97

Service provision and barriers to care for homeless people with mental health problems across 14 European capital cities  

PubMed Central

Background Mental health problems are disproportionately higher amongst homeless people. Many barriers exist for homeless people with mental health problems in accessing treatment yet little research has been done on service provision and quality of care for this group. The aim of this paper is to assess current service provision and identify barriers to care for homeless people with mental health problems in 14 European capital cities. Method Two methods of data collection were employed; (i) In two highly deprived areas in each of the 14 European capital cities, homeless-specific services providing mental health, social care or general health services were assessed. Data were obtained on service characteristics, staff and programmes provided. (ii) Semi-structured interviews were conducted in each area with experts in mental health care provision for homeless people in order to determine the barriers to care and ways to overcome them. Results Across the 14 capital cities, 111 homeless-specific services were assessed. Input from professionally qualified mental health staff was reported as low, as were levels of active outreach and case finding. Out-of-hours service provision appears inadequate and high levels of service exclusion criteria were evident. Prejudice in the services towards homeless people, a lack of co-ordination amongst services, and the difficulties homeless people face in obtaining health insurance were identified as major barriers to service provision. Conclusions While there is variability in service provision across European capital cities, the reported barriers to service accessibility are common. Homeless-specific services are more responsive to the initial needs of homeless people with mental health problems, while generic services tend to be more conducive to long term care. Further research is needed to determine the effectiveness of different service delivery models, including the most effective coordination of homeless specific and generic services.

2012-01-01

98

Young People in Changing Societies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released earlier this month, this report from UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre offers an initial comprehensive look at the first generation of youth to come to maturity since the fall of the Berlin Wall. Topics covered include health, education, employment, crime, and young adult participation in government. The report suggests numerous ways to improve the situation of young people across the region. Also on-site is "Young Voices in Changing Societies," a report based on "the views of young people gathered during focus group discussion and individual interviews in six transition countries: the Czech Republic, Latvia, Romania, Russia, Ukraine and Uzbekistan." The full text of both reports may be downloaded by chapter in .pdf format. The text of the main report is also available in Russian, and a summary may be downloaded in English, Russian, or Italian.

2000-12-01

99

Suicide and unintentional injury mortality among homeless people: a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: Homeless people have elevated mortality, especially due to external causes. We aimed to examine suicide and unintentional injury mortality levels and identify predictors in the homeless population. METHODS: A nationwide, register-based cohort study of homeless people aged 16 years and older was carried out using the Danish Homeless Register, 1999-2008. RESULTS: In all, 32 010 homeless people (70.5% men) were observed. For men, the mortality rate was 174.4 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 150.6-198.1] per 100 000 person-years for suicide and 463.3 (95% CI = 424.6-502.0) for unintentional injury. For women, the corresponding rates were 111.4 (95% CI = 81.7-141.1) for suicide and 241.4 (95% CI = 197.6-285.1) for unintentional injury. Schizophrenia spectrum, affective, personality and substance use disorders were strongly associated with increased risk of suicide; the highest risk estimates were found for schizophrenia spectrum disorders among both men [hazard ratio (HR) = 3.1, 95% CI = 2.0-4.9] and women (HR = 15.5, 95% CI = 4.5-54.0). Alcohol and drug use disorders were predictors of death by unintentional injury for both men and women, whereas schizophrenia spectrum disorders and personality disorders were only significant predictors among men; the highest risk estimates were found for drug use disorders among men (HR = 2.2, 95% CI = 1.8-2.8) and women (HR = 3.1, 95% CI = 1.8-5.4). A history of psychiatric admission and emergency room contact were predictors for dying by suicide and unintentional injury. CONCLUSION: People in the homeless shelter population with a history of a psychiatric disorder constitute a high-risk group regarding the elevated suicide and unintentional injury mortality. PMID:23482619

Feodor Nilsson, Sandra; Hjorthøj, Carsten Rygaard; Erlangsen, Annette; Nordentoft, Merete

2013-03-12

100

Young People's Favorite Leisure Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a study based on surveys conducted annually for the past nine years by the Samara Foundation for Social Research, commissioned by the committee for youth affairs of the administration of Samara Oblast. The sample consists of about 800 young people aged fourteen to thirty. In the present study the authors have focused on…

Zvonovskii, Vladimir; Lutseva, Svetlana

2004-01-01

101

Young People's Favorite Leisure Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a study based on surveys conducted annually for the past nine years by the Samara Foundation for Social Research, commissioned by the committee for youth affairs of the administration of Samara Oblast. The sample consists of about 800 young people aged fourteen to thirty. In the present study the authors have focused on…

Zvonovskii, Vladimir; Lutseva, Svetlana

2004-01-01

102

Estrangement factors associated with addiction to alcohol and drugs among homeless youth in three U.S. cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance use is highly prevalent among homeless, street-involved young people. Societal estrangement is often associated with substance use, particularly among this population. The current study sought to identify four domains of social estrangement (disaffiliation, human capital, identification with homeless culture, and psychological dysfunction) in relation to alcohol and drug addiction. Homeless young adults were recruited from three disparate urban areas:

Sanna Thompson; Jina Jun; Kimberly Bender; Kristin M. Ferguson; David E. Pollio

2010-01-01

103

Moving On: Young People and Substance Abuse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To help explain why some young people move from recreational drug use to substance abuse, twelve in-depth interviews were conducted with young people who had experienced problematic substance use. The data were supplemented by statistical data on 111 young people. The researchers found a variety of "structural" factors that help explain young

Daley, Kathryn; Chamberlain, Chris

2009-01-01

104

Sexual behaviour of young people.  

PubMed

20% of the world's population is aged 10-19 years. Annually, almost 15 million young women under age 20 become mothers. However, surveys in developing countries show that 20-60% of the pregnancies and births to women under age 20 are mistimed or unwanted. While later marriage age in many places has provoked a decline in birth rates among young women, levels of sexual relations before marriage are increasing. Such sexual behavior opens sexually active young women to the risks of unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortion, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Millions of young people become infected with STDs annually. Among all age groups in the US, young women aged 15-19 have the highest incidence of gonorrhea among females and young men aged 15-19 have the second highest incidence among males. At least half of all people infected with HIV are under age 25. The UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Program of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP) completed 9 studies in 1996 on adolescent reproductive health. 14 studies were completed before 1996, and 18 are still underway. PMID:12348102

1997-01-01

105

Encouraging HIV Risk-Reduction Behaviors and Testing with People Experiencing Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nursing students planned and implemented a project to ascertain the HIV risk knowledge of homeless people and increase participation in testing. The intervention included getting acquainted with clients, learning about their knowledge level through conversation, and reinforcing information with environmental cues. (SK)

Connor, Ann

2003-01-01

106

Exploring ethos? Discourses of 'charity' in the provision of emergency services for homeless people  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the ethos of organisations providing emergency services for homeless people in Britain. Drawing on extensive surveys of nonstatutory organisations we present a discourse analysis of statements of 'mission', 'values', and 'ethics', arguing that, although care needs to be exercised in translating organisational ethos into likely practices of care, these overarching messages of ethos are significant waymarkers in

Paul Cloke; Sarah Johnsen; Jon May

2005-01-01

107

Refining an advocacy model for homeless people coping with psychiatric disabilities.  

PubMed

This article reports a successful field test of a client-driven model of support and advocacy for people labeled mentally ill, which has some similarities to case management models. Refinements of the model to address the unique service needs of similar clients who are also homeless are then articulated. Implications for service delivery are discussed. PMID:1643842

Freddolino, P P; Moxley, D P

1992-08-01

108

A Comparative Study of the TwelveMonth Prevalence of Physical Health Problems Among Homeless People in Madrid and Washington, D.C  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines and compares the physical health of homeless people in samples from Madrid and Washington, D.C. The study used two random samples of people who met a definition of literal homelessness (i.e., noplace to live or living in an emergency shelter) or who were considered at high risk of becoming homeless because they were using soup kitchens. The

Carmelo Vázquez; Manuel Muñoz; María Crespo; Ana Belén Guisado; Michael L. Dennis

2005-01-01

109

Correlates of Depressed Mood among Young Stimulant-Using Homeless Gay and Bisexual Men  

PubMed Central

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for reporting suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered a study designed to reduce drug use. G/B men without social support were 11 times more likely to be experience depressed mood than their counterparts who had support while persons who reported severe body pain were almost 6 times more likely to report depressed mood than those without pain. Other factors that increased risk of depressed mood included being homeless in the last four months, injecting drugs, reporting poor or fair health status and high levels of internalized homophobia. This study is one of the first to draw a link between pain experienced and depressed mood in homeless young G/B men. Understanding the correlates of depressed mood among homeless G/B young men can help service providers design more targeted treatment plans and more appropriate referrals to ancillary care services.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine M.; Idemundia, Faith E.; Reback, Cathy J.; Shoptaw, Steve; Marfisee, Mary; Keenan, Colleen; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Liu, Yihang; Yadav, Kartik

2013-01-01

110

Correlates of depressed mood among young stimulant-using homeless gay and bisexual men.  

PubMed

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial, and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered a study designed to reduce drug use. G/B men without social support were 11 times more likely to experience depressed mood than their counterparts who had support; those who reported severe body pain were almost six times more likely to report depressed mood than those without pain. Other factors that increased risk of depressed mood included being homeless in the last four months, injecting drugs, reporting poor or fair health status, and high levels of internalized homophobia. This study is one of the first studies to draw a link between pain experienced and depressed mood in homeless young G/B men. Understanding the correlates of depressed mood among homeless G/B young men can help service providers design more targeted treatment plans and provide more appropriate referrals to ancillary care services. PMID:23017039

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine; Idemundia, Faith; Reback, Cathy; Shoptaw, Steven; Marfisee, Mary; Keenan, Colleen; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Liu, Yihang; Yadav, Kartik

2012-10-01

111

Sourcing homelessness: How journalists use sources to frame homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a content and qualitative analysis of quotations from sources in Canadian newspaper items on homelessness. Experts dominate as sources on homelessness. Homeless people are not completely deprived of a voice, but are limited to the devalued voice of experience. Quotes from homeless people themselves promote a narrative of homelessness that marginalizes the people who experience it and

Barbara Schneider

2012-01-01

112

The effect of traumatic brain injury on the health of homeless people  

PubMed Central

Background We sought to determine the lifetime prevalence of traumatic brain injury and its association with current health conditions in a representative sample of homeless people in Toronto, Ontario. Methods We surveyed 601 men and 303 women at homeless shelters and meal programs in 2004–2005 (response rate 76%). We defined traumatic brain injury as any self-reported head injury that left the person dazed, confused, disoriented or unconscious. Injuries resulting in unconsciousness lasting 30 minutes or longer were defined as moderate or severe. We assessed mental health, alcohol and drug problems in the past 30 days using the Addiction Severity Index. Physical and mental health status was assessed using the SF-12 health survey. We examined associations between traumatic brain injury and health conditions. Results The lifetime prevalence among homeless participants was 53% for any traumatic brain injury and 12% for moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. For 70% of respondents, their first traumatic brain injury occurred before the onset of homelessness. After adjustment for demographic characteristics and lifetime duration of homelessness, a history of moderate or severe traumatic brain injury was associated with significantly increased likelihood of seizures (odds ratio [OR] 3.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.8 to 5.6), mental health problems (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.5 to 4.1), drug problems (OR 1.6, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.5), poorer physical health status (–8.3 points, 95% CI –11.1 to –5.5) and poorer mental health status (–6.0 points, 95% CI –8.3 to –3.7). Interpretation Prior traumatic brain injury is very common among homeless people and is associated with poorer health.

Hwang, Stephen W.; Colantonio, Angela; Chiu, Shirley; Tolomiczenko, George; Kiss, Alex; Cowan, Laura; Redelmeier, Donald A.; Levinson, Wendy

2008-01-01

113

Progressive Welfare Reform? Ending General Assistance Cash Grants for Homeless People in San Francisco  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines Care-Not-Cash, a welfare reform measure that replaced cash General Assistance payments for homeless people in San Francisco with in-kind social services. Unlike most welfare reform measures, Care-Not-Cash was framed by proponents as a progressive policy, aimed at expanding social services and government care for poor people. Drawing on primary and secondary documents, as well as extensive interviews,

Darren Noy

2009-01-01

114

A case study of a Canadian homelessness intervention programme for elderly people.  

PubMed

The aims of this study were to describe: (1) how the Homelessness Intervention Programme addressed the needs of elderly people who were homeless or at risk of homelessness; and (2) the factors that influenced the ability of the programme to address client needs. The programme was offered by a multi-service non-profit agency serving low-income families and individuals in an urban neighbourhood in Ontario, Canada. Using a case study approach, we conducted 10 individual interviews and three focus groups with programme clients, programme providers, other service providers and programme funders. Programme providers completed intake forms, monthly follow-up forms and exit/housing change forms for each of the 129 clients served by the programme over a 28-month period. Approximately equal proportions of clients were between 54 years old and 65 years old (47%) and over 65 years (53%). There were equal proportions of women and men. In addition to being homeless or marginally housed, clients lived with multiple and complex issues including chronic illness, mental illness and substance abuse. Through the facilitation of continuity of care, the programme was able to meet the needs of this vulnerable group of elderly people. Three types of continuity of care were facilitated: relational, informational and management continuity. The study confirmed the value of a continuous caring relationship with an identified provider and the delivery of a seamless service through coordination, integration and information sharing between different providers. Study findings also highlighted the broader systemic factors that acted as barriers to the programme and its ability to meet the needs of elderly people. These factors included limited housing options available; limited income supports; and lack of coordinated, accessible community health and support services. The central findings stress the importance of continuity of care as a guiding concept for intervention programmes for homeless and marginally housed elderly people. PMID:18371167

Ploeg, Jenny; Hayward, Lynda; Woodward, Christel; Johnston, Riley

2008-03-27

115

A Comparison of National Emergency Department Use by Homeless versus Non-Homeless People in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A single-site study described differences between homeless and non-homeless patient utilization of the emergency department (ED). No prior study has examined ED use by the homeless on a national level. Objective.To analyze national ED utilization by homeless patients. Methods. Data were extracted from the 2005 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. SAS callable SUDAAN was used to produce national

Allison Tadros Gary Oates; MPA MSW Stephen M. Davis

2009-01-01

116

Young People in Recovery: Building a Movement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The newly formed national group, Young People in Recovery, is comprised of young people, roughly 17-28 years old, who are in long term recovery. Their goal is to increase awareness amongst social service providers about the needs of youth in recovery, increase services, and facilitate partnerships which support young people in finding and…

Kimball, Colette

2012-01-01

117

Young people and transport in rural areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people in the countryside often experience particular difficulties with transport to get to education and work and to maintain a social life. This study, carried out by Pamela Storey and Julia Brannen at the Thomas Coram Research Unit, Institute of Education, examines young people's experience of transport in rural areas. Three representative cohorts of young people aged between 15

Pamela Storey; Julia Brannen

2000-01-01

118

Discrepancies in Reporting of Physical and Sexual Abuse Among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated risk factors for discrepant reporting of physical and sexual abuse among 172 homeless young adults. Discrepant reporting includes situations in which a respondent denies experiencing abuse in general but reports being a victim of specific forms of maltreatment. The results revealed that discrepant reporting rates tended to be highest for minor physical assault and for noncontact sexual

Kimberly A. Tyler; Lisa A. Melander

2009-01-01

119

Childhood out-of-home placement and dynamics of public shelter utilization among young homeless adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study determined the prevalence of childhood experiences with child welfare supervision and placement among a cohort of 11,401 young sheltered homeless adults and assessed the associations between this prior involvement with child welfare services and the risk of experiencing recurrent and extended episodes of shelter use. This study used the administrative data from two New York City agencies: the

Jung Min Park; Stephen Metraux; Dennis P. Culhane

2005-01-01

120

Discrepancies in Reporting of Physical and Sexual Abuse among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated risk factors for discrepant reporting of physical and sexual abuse among 172 homeless young adults. Discrepant reporting includes situations in which a respondent denies experiencing abuse in general but reports being a victim of specific forms of maltreatment. The results revealed that discrepant reporting rates tended to…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2009-01-01

121

Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: A preliminary epidemiological trajectory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N=569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset

Michael C. Clatts; Lloyd Goldsamt; Huso Yi; Marya Viorst Gwadz

2005-01-01

122

A Typology of Mentally Disordered Users of Resources for Homeless People: Towards Better Planning of Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to describe distinct typologies among mentally ill users of resources for homeless people, in order\\u000a to inform the targeted development of mental health services to address their varied needs. Data came from a survey of clientele\\u000a of resources for homeless persons in Montreal and Quebec (N = 757) and this study includes the 369 people from

Jean-Pierre Bonin; Louise Fournier; Régis Blais

2009-01-01

123

How Attention to Family Stress Dynamics can Prevent Homelessness Among Very Young Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the pervasiveness of homelessness among young families, few early childhood professionals realize the exacerbated\\u000a stresses that push them into their circumstances. This chapter seeks to explore the etiology of risk factors (especially substances\\u000a abuse and illiteracy), elaborate on how they affect the lives of young families, highlight ways that they respond to these\\u000a factors, and detail possible avenues that

Kevin James Swick; Reginald Harrison Williams

124

Sex education and young people.  

PubMed

Young people comprise up to 60% of Belize's total population of more than 200,000. Many of them have dropped out of school and simply loiter on the streets with little or nothing to do. The only nongovernmental organization in Belize providing family planning and sexual and reproductive health care services, the Belize Family Life Association (BFLA) is well aware of the many problems facing youth, such as AIDS, teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease, poverty, and gangs. In an effort to improve conditions for youth and to address their problems, the BFLA established a successful teen center in the Mesopotamia Area and the Belizean Youths with an Aim for Prosperity (BYAP), a project designed to foster and support entrepreneurship among a group comprised mainly of out-of-school at-risk youths. Population Concern is helping to fund reproductive health projects for youth in South Africa with the goal of reducing the prevalence of unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and unsafe abortion through reproductive health services and education. Young people are helping design the project by explaining their perceived needs to the project team. In Trinidad and Tobago, controversy followed the Family Planning Association of Trinidad and Tobago's (FPATT) recent launch of its annual Family Life Education Training program for teachers, while 2 recent hurricanes, unemployment, and illicit drug sales and use are some of the problems facing the Dominica Planned Parenthood Federation and Dominica's youth. PMID:12321260

1996-01-01

125

Evaluating Youth Work with Vulnerable Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents the results of an 18-month research project that studied the effectiveness of youth work with vulnerable young people. The research, representing six distinct geographical areas of Scotland characterized by disadvantage, focused on young people aged 13 to 16. In each neighborhood, the project examined the experiences of young

Furlong, Andy; Cartmel, Fred; Powney, Janet; Hall, Stuart

126

Exercise recommendations for young people: an update  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an update on the major developments in exercise recommendations for young people, and in particular, focuses on the most recent guidelines which have been developed in England by the Health Education Authority (HEA). The recommendations are contained within the HEA’s policy framework for the promotion of health-enhancing physical activity for young people, Young and Active?, which aims

Lorraine Cale; Jo Harris

2001-01-01

127

Comparison of Social Estrangement Among Youth Who Are Accessing Homeless Services in St. Louis, Missouri and Austin, Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to compare young people seeking homeless services in two distinct geographic locations (Austin, Texas and St. Louis, Missouri). To determine differences between the two populations, the study used a guiding conceptual model of social estrangement that included four domains: institutional disaffiliation, psychological dysfunction, human capital, and identification with homeless culture. A sample of homeless

Kimberly Bender; Sanna J. Thompson; David E. Pollio; Paul R. Sterzing

2010-01-01

128

Energy Regulation in Young People  

PubMed Central

Obesity in young people is now realised as a worldwide crisis of epidemic proportion. The aetiology of this disease suggests a disruption in regulation of energy at the population level, leading to a positive energy balance and excess adiposity. The relative contribution of food intake and physical inactivity remains to be elucidated. Treatment interventions have aimed to create a deficit in energy balance through manipulation of physical activity, behavioural components or, to a lesser extent, dietary modification. Whether such intervention is maintained in the long-term is as yet unclear, however it seems a combination of therapies is optimal. Mindful of a mismatch between energy intake and expenditure, recent work has begun to examine the acute relationship between physical activity and food intake in children. Initial findings suggest a short-term delay in compensation through energy intake for exercise- induced energy expenditure. The overarching study of energy regulation in children and adolescents is clearly multifaceted in nature and variables to be assessed or manipulated require careful consideration. The collection of paediatric physical activity, energy expenditure and food intake data is a time-consuming process, fraught with potential sources of error. Investigators should consider the validity and reliability of these and other issues, alongside the logistics of any proposed study. Despite these areas of concern, recent advances in the field should provide exciting opportunities for future research in paediatric energy regulation on a variety of levels. Key pointsPhysical activity appears to be an effective intervention in paediatric weight-management, however future studies need to be extended over the longer-term employing consistent protocols to aid comparison.In the short-term, exercise-induced energy expenditure and subsequent energy intake do not appear to be tightly regulated in young people; this acute imbalance is similar to the ‘loose coupling’ of energy described for adults.The relationship between energy expenditure and food intake in young people requires further examination in longer-term interventions. A rigorous protocol is necessary to study parameters under free-living conditions.

Dodd, Caroline J.

2007-01-01

129

Effectiveness of interventions to improve the health and housing status of homeless people: a rapid systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Research on interventions to positively impact health and housing status of people who are homeless has received substantially increased attention over the past 5 years. This rapid review examines recent evidence regarding interventions that have been shown to improve the health of homeless people, with particular focus on the effect of these interventions on housing status. Methods A total of 1,546 articles were identified by a structured search of five electronic databases, a hand search of grey literature and relevant journals, and contact with experts. Two reviewers independently screened the first 10% of titles and abstracts for relevance. Inter-rater reliability was high and as a result only one reviewer screened the remaining titles and abstracts. Articles were included if they were published between January 2004 and December 2009 and examined the effectiveness of an intervention to improve the health or healthcare utilization of people who were homeless, marginally housed, or at risk of homelessness. Two reviewers independently scored all relevant articles for quality. Results Eighty-four relevant studies were identified; none were of strong quality while ten were rated of moderate quality. For homeless people with mental illness, provision of housing upon hospital discharge was effective in improving sustained housing. For homeless people with substance abuse issues or concurrent disorders, provision of housing was associated with decreased substance use, relapses from periods of substance abstinence, and health services utilization, and increased housing tenure. Abstinent dependent housing was more effective in supporting housing status, substance abstinence, and improved psychiatric outcomes than non-abstinence dependent housing or no housing. Provision of housing also improved health outcomes among homeless populations with HIV. Health promotion programs can decrease risk behaviours among homeless populations. Conclusions These studies provide important new evidence regarding interventions to improve health, housing status, and access to healthcare for homeless populations. The additional studies included in this current review provide further support for earlier evidence which found that coordinated treatment programs for homeless persons with concurrent mental illness and substance misuse issues usually result in better health and access to healthcare than usual care. This review also provides a synthesis of existing evidence regarding interventions that specifically support homeless populations with HIV.

2011-01-01

130

Self Injurious Behavior among Homeless Young Adults: A Social Stress Analysis  

PubMed Central

Although self-mutilation has been studied from medical and individual perspectives, it has rarely been examined within a social stress context. As such, we use a social stress framework to examine risk factors for self-mutilation to determine whether status strains that are often associated with poorer health outcomes in the general population are also associated with self-mutilation among a sample of young adults in the United States who have a history of homelessness. Data are drawn from the Homeless Young Adult project which involved interviews with 199 young adults in 3 Midwestern United States cities. The results of our path analyses revealed that numerous stressors including running away, substance use, sexual victimization, and illegal subsistence strategies were associated with more self-mutilation. In addition, we found that certain social statuses exacerbate the risk for self-mutilation beyond the respondents’ current situation of homelessness. We discuss the implications of our findings for the social stress framework and offer suggestions for studying this unique population within this context.

Tyler, Kimberly; Melander, Lisa; Almazan, Elbert

2009-01-01

131

Young People's Internet Use: Divided or Diversified?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article critically analyses research on young people's internet use. Based on a literature analysis, it examines which young people do what on the internet. These results invite a reflection on the dominant discourse on the digital divide. Within this discourse, there is a strong focus on the use of the internet for information purposes…

Boonaert, Tom; Vettenburg, Nicole

2011-01-01

132

New England. Reading for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on readable books for young people about New England and on available materials around which to develop local history and social study units, this annotated bibliography addresses both the recreational reading interests and the research needs of young people. Titles are categorized according to: (1) literature type (fiction; folktales;…

McCauley, Elfrieda, Ed.

133

Reading for Young People: The Great Plains.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of five annotated bibliographies that describe books about certain regions of the United States, this compilation focuses on books about the Great Plains. The stated purposes of these regional bibliographies are: (1) to introduce young people living in the subject region to books dealing with their cultural heritage, (2) to help young people

Laughlin, Mildred

134

Reading for Young People: The Southeast.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of five annotated bibliographies that describe books about certain regions of the United States, this compilation focuses on books about the Southeast. The stated purposes of these regional bibliographies are: (1) to introduce young people living in the subject region to books dealing with their cultural heritage, (2) to help young people of…

Heald, Dorothy, Ed.

135

Reading for Young People: The Midwest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of five annotated bibliographies that describe books about certain regions of the United States, this compilation focuses on books about the Midwest. The stated purposes of these regional bibliographies are: (1) to introduce young people living in the subject region to books dealing with their cultural heritage, (2) to help young people of…

Hinman, Dorothy; Zimmerman, Ruth

136

YOUNG PEOPLE, COMMUNITY SPACE AND SOCIAL CONTROL  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL CONSTRUCTION OF URBAN SPACE IS A CRUCIAL element in the manner in which policing and the criminalisation of young people occurs in Australian society. For it is the conflict over the use of particular urban spaces which in many ways forms the basis of the relationship between young people and the police, and hence the initial

Rob White

137

Homelessness and Drug Abuse among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in New York City: A Preliminary Epidemiological Trajectory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N=569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset of drug and…

Clatts, Michael C.; Goldsamt, Lloyd; Yi, Huso; Gwadz, Marya Viorst

2005-01-01

138

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes Among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a history of poor parenting and negative outcomes including depression, delinquency, physical and sexual victimization, and substance use, are similar for these two groups. The sample consisted of 172 homeless young adults from the Midwestern United States. Multivariate results revealed that among those previously in foster care, a history of physical abuse and neglect were positively associated with more depressive symptoms whereas sexual abuse and neglect were related to delinquency and physical victimization. Additionally, lower caretaker monitoring was linked to greater delinquent participation. Among those without a history of foster care, physical abuse was related to more depressive symptoms whereas sexual abuse was positively correlated with delinquency, sexual victimization, and substance use. Furthermore, lower monitoring was related to more substance use. Our findings are discussed in terms of a social stress framework and we review the implications of foster care placement for homeless young adults.

Melander, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

139

Living the Research: Stories from Homeless Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an alarming trend in homelessness: children aged 17 and younger are the most rapidly growing group of the homeless; families continue to be a growing group of the homeless; and many people who are homeless were raised or have lived in the suburbs. Homelessness is no longer an inner-city phenomenon. Three homeless youth were interviewed…

Norum, Karen E.

140

Recognizing the Needs of the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper summarizes reports and research on the homeless in the United States, presents findings of a survey of Red Cross chapters on services to the homeless, and describes programs for the homeless of selected Red Cross chapters. Section 1 discusses definitions of homelessness and methodologies used to count homeless people. The homeless are…

France, Joseph B.

141

Young and Older Caregivers at Homeless Animal and Human Shelters: Selfish and Selfless Motives in Helping Others  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, young (n = 34) and older(n = 70) adult volunteers at either animal (n= 48) or human (n = 56) homeless shelters were asked to complete measures of caregiver stress\\/satisfaction, volunteer motives, and social desirability. Young compared to older volunteers assisting animals, but not humans, reported a significantly higher caseload and spending significantly more time per

Joseph R. Ferrari; Michelle M. Loftus; Julia Pesek

1999-01-01

142

The dietary habits of young people.  

PubMed

Adolescence is a time when patterns of behaviour can be set for life. This research project sought to listen to young people and understand the things that influence their acceptance of and accessibility to a healthy diet. PMID:9455294

Miles, G; Eid, S

143

Reading for Young People: The Middle Atlantic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of five annotated bibliographies that describe books about certain regions of the United States, this compilation focuses on books about the Middle Atlantic area. The stated purposes of these regional bibliographies are: (1) to introduce young people living in the subject region to books dealing with their cultural heritage, (2) to help young

Pennypacker, Arabelle, Ed.

144

Reading for Young People: The Rocky Mountains.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of five annotated bibliographies that describe books about certain regions of the United States, this compilation focuses on books about the Rocky Mountain area. The stated purposes of these regional bibliographies are: (1) to introduce young people living in the subject region to books dealing with their cultural heritage, (2) to help young

Laughlin, Mildred, Ed.

145

Reading for Young People: The Middle Atlantic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One of five annotated bibliographies that describe books about certain regions of the United States, this compilation focuses on books about the Middle Atlantic area. The stated purposes of these regional bibliographies are: (1) to introduce young people living in the subject region to books dealing with their cultural heritage, (2) to help young

Pennypacker, Arabelle, Ed.

146

Strategies for Improving Homeless Peoples Access to Mainstream Benefits and Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2000, HUD, in recognition that any solution to homelessness must emphasize housing, targeted its McKinney-Vento Act homeless competitive programs towards housing activities. This policy decision presumed that mainstream programs such as Medicaid, TANF ...

J. Carpenter J. A. Hornik K. A. Henderson M. R. Burt S. G. Hall

2010-01-01

147

Increasing the Potential for Gaze, Surveillance and Normalisation: the transformation of an Australian policy for people who are homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Michel Foucault analysed the origins and social function served by institutions such as the prison and the clinic, explored the links between knowledge and power, and the body as a location or site of such social power. In this article, Foucault's analysis is applied to an Australian program for people who are homeless. After outlining a theoretical framework which emphases

Rodney Fopp

2002-01-01

148

Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: a preliminary epidemiological trajectory.  

PubMed

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N = 569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset of drug and sexual risk, we compare and contrast three subgroups: (1) YMSM with no history of homelessness, (2) YMSM with a past history of homelessness but who were not homeless at the time of the interview, and (3) YMSM who were currently homeless. For each group, we describe the prevalence of a broad range of stressful life events (including foster care and runaway episodes, involvement in the criminal justice system, etc.), as well as selected mental health problems (including past suicide attempts, current depression, and selected help-seeking variables). Additionally, we examine the prevalence of selected drug and sexual risk, including exposure to a broad range of illegal substances, current use of illegal drugs, and prevalence of lifetime exposure to sex work. Finally, we use an event history analysis approach (time-event displays and paired t-test analysis) to examine the timing of negative life experiences and homelessness relative to the onset of drug and sexual risk. High levels of background negative life experiences and manifest mental health distress are seen in all three groups. Both a prior experience of homelessness and currently being homeless are both strongly associated with both higher levels of lifetime exposure to drug and sexual risk as well as higher levels of current drug and sexual risk. Onset of these risks occur earlier in both groups that have had an experience of housing instability (e.g., runaway, foster care, etc.) but are delayed or not present among YMSM with no history of housing instability. Few YMSM had used drug prior to becoming homeless. While causal inferences are subject to the limitations of a cross-sectional design, the findings pose an empirical challenge to the prevailing assumption that prior drug use is a dominant causal factor in YMSM becoming homeless. More broadly, the data illustrate the complexity of factors that must be accounted for, both in advancing our epidemiological understanding of the complexity of homelessness and its relationship to the onset of drug and sexual risk among high risk youth populations. PMID:15878043

Clatts, Michael C; Goldsamt, Lloyd; Yi, Huso; Gwadz, Marya Viorst

2005-04-09

149

Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: A preliminary epidemiological trajectory  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N = 569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset of drug and sexual risk, we compare and contrast three subgroups: (1) YMSM with no history of homelessness, (2) YMSM with a past history of homelessness but who were not homeless at the time of the interview, and (3) YMSM who were currently homeless. For each group, we describe the prevalence of a broad range of stressful life events (including foster care and runaway episodes, involvement in the criminal justice system, etc.), as well as selected mental health problems (including past suicide attempts, current depression, and selected help-seeking variables). Additionally, we examine the prevalence of selected drug and sexual risk, including exposure to a broad range of illegal substances, current use of illegal drugs, and prevalence of lifetime exposure to sex work. Finally, we use an event history analysis approach (time–event displays and paired t-test analysis) to examine the timing of negative life experiences and homelessness relative to the onset of drug and sexual risk. High levels of background negative life experiences and manifest mental health distress are seen in all three groups. Both a prior experience of homelessness and currently being homeless are both strongly associated with both higher levels of lifetime exposure to drug and sexual risk as well as higher levels of current drug and sexual risk. Onset of these risks occur earlier in both groups that have had an experience of housing instability (e.g., runaway, foster care, etc.) but are delayed or not present among YMSM with no history of housing instability. Few YMSM had used drug prior to becoming homeless. While causal inferences are subject to the limitations of a cross-sectional design, the findings pose an empirical challenge to the prevailing assumption that prior drug use is a dominant causal factor in YMSM becoming homeless. More broadly, the data illustrate the complexity of factors that must be accounted for, both in advancing our epidemiological understanding of the complexity of homelessness and its relationship to the onset of drug and sexual risk among high risk youth populations.

Clatts, Michael C.; Goldsamt, Lloyd; Yi, Huso; Gwadz, Marya Viorst

2009-01-01

150

Asset Building for and by Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes the four preceding articles on youth and saving, identifies policy and program implications, and suggests directions for future scholarship. It is clear that saving is difficult for many people and throughout the life course. Efforts to help young people accumulate assets might encourage saving by parents, encourage saving…

Beverly, Sondra G.

2013-01-01

151

Photovoice in a Toronto community partnership: exploring the social determinants of health with homeless people.  

PubMed

When working on social justice issues, it is easy to become overwhelmed by the problems faced. To maintain morale, it helps to be creative, have fun, and see results. In the spring of 2006, we were able to bring together a group of people to document, first hand, the daily experience of being homeless in the City of Toronto. Using photography and story telling, we were able to give voice to a population not often heard. Our powerful images reached out to the public through events and publications. This resulted not only in great coverage and discussion of the important issues we were addressing, but also in a successful and rewarding group project that benefited group members in many ways. PMID:20208246

Halifax, Nancy Viva; Yurichuk, Fred; Meeks, Jim; Khandor, Erika

2008-01-01

152

Young people and sexual agency in rural Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers an analysis of young people's sexual agency in rural Uganda. Drawing on definitions of agency from within the international development literature, it focuses on: decision-making processes leading to young people's involvement in relationships; actions undertaken to maintain ‘secret’ relationships in contexts where young people's sexual agency is generally prohibited; transactional and gendered negotiations between young people involved

Stephen A. Bell

2011-01-01

153

Building resilience in young people through meaningful participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building resilience in young people is an important goal if we are to strengthen capacity and promote skills that help to reduce mental health problems. One way to foster resilience in young people is through meaningful youth participation; that is, decision-making by young people that involves meaning, control, and connectedness. Whilst youth participation may occur in recognition of young people's

Kylie G. Oliver; Philippa Collin; Jane Burns; Jonathan Nicholas

2006-01-01

154

Impact of nursing intervention on improving HIV, hepatitis knowledge and mental health among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge and HBV and HCV knowledge at 6 months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group. PMID:22797748

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2012-07-15

155

Impact of Nursing Intervention on Improving HIV, Hepatitis Knowledge and Mental Health among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge, and HBV and HCV knowledge at six months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

156

Homelessness: A General Information Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet contains documents that provide general information about homelessness and the need for both Federal and local action to help the homeless people in America. Sections 1 and 2 contain the following articles released by the Homelessness Information Exchange: (1) "The Problem of Homelessness Nationwide"; and "Alternative Family Housing…

Homelessness Exchange, Washington, DC.

157

Suicidal expressions among young people in Nicaragua  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Suicidal behaviour is a major public health problem among adolescents. In Nicaragua as well as in most other countries, young\\u000a people aged 15–24 have the highest rate of attempted suicide according to hospital records. The aims of this study were to\\u000a investigate self-reported life-weariness, death wishes, suicidal ideation, suicidal plans and suicide attempts (i.e. suicidal\\u000a expressions) among young men and

Andrés Herrera Rodríguez; Trinidad Caldera; Gunnar Kullgren; Ellinor Salander Renberg

2006-01-01

158

Life events preceding suicide by young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Life events are often reported to precede suicide. This paper aims to determine the frequency, timing and type of life events\\u000a preceding suicide by young people and those with and without a mental illness. Method Informants, usually family members, were interviewed for a sample of young (less than 35 years) suicides. Information was\\u000a recorded on events occurring in the

J. Cooper; L. Appleby; T. Amos

2002-01-01

159

Tips for Young People. Talk and Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most young people look forward to the day when they can leave school or college behind and start work. If you are starting work for the first time, or even going on your first work placement, you are probably feeling pretty excited. There's a lot to learn, a lot of new people to meet--a chance to be more independent. But maybe you feel a bit…

Basic Skills Agency, 2012

2012-01-01

160

On Becoming Homeless: The Structural and Experiential Dynamics of Residential Instability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the dynamic combination of structural factors, domestic conditions, individual and social characteristics, and personal choices that produced episodes of homelessness among a representative sample of young adults (aged 20 to 45) in the city of Philadelphia in the late 1980s. Forty-three single adult homeless people (31 men and 12 women) were selected from a variety of shelter

Dennis P Culhane

1990-01-01

161

Pathways In and Out of Substance Use among Homeless-Emerging Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although high rates of alcohol and drug use have been found among homeless young people, less is known about who is responsible for their initiation, the reasons for their continued use, and why some individuals eventually transition out of using whereas others do not. Based on qualitative interviews with 40 homeless individuals 19 to 21 years of…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Johnson, Katherine A.

2006-01-01

162

Toward a comprehensive homelessness?prevention strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the misery and deprivation suffered by homeless persons, the initial response to homelessness in the United States focused first on quickly addressing the dire need for emergency food and shelter, and then on providing additional assistance to already homeless persons—ideally to help them move out of homelessness. New preventive measures to help people avoid becoming homeless were largely

Eric N. Lindblom

1991-01-01

163

Perpetrators of early physical and sexual abuse among homeless and runaway adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine abuse specific variables among homeless and runaway adolescents and to look at perpetrators of childhood abuse.Method: A total of 372 homeless and runaway adolescents were interviewed using a systematic sampling strategy in metropolitan Seattle. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers in youth service agencies.Results: Approximately one-half of these young people

Kimberly A Tyler; Ana Mari Cauce

2002-01-01

164

Dichotomized Metaphors and Young People's Educational Routes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from an ethnographically grounded longitudinal study on educational transitions, the aim of this article is to analyse young people's reflections about their educational choices at different ages. Consistencies and breaks in their plans and actual choices are explored and reflected in relation to the economic, social, cultural and…

Lahelma, Elina

2009-01-01

165

Videogames and Young People With Developmental Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people with developmental disorders experience difficulties with many cognitive and perceptual tasks, and often suffer social impairments. Yet, like typical youth, many appear to enjoy playing videogames. This review considers the appeal of videogames to individuals with autism spectrum disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and specific language impairment. It examines how they respond to the various challenges that play

Kevin Durkin

2010-01-01

166

How General Practitioners Determine Young People's Rights  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this research, 300 doctors in Victoria were asked to make decisions about a hypothetical patient's competence and confidentiality. It appears that assumptions embedded in relevant law, the vague nature of existing legal criteria and the diversity in assessment practices all have the potential to act as obstacles to young people's claim to…

Bartholomew, Terence

2009-01-01

167

Sexting and Young People: Experts' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young people's "sexting"--defined by the "Macquarie Dictionary Online" (2010) as the sending and receiving of sexually explicit images via mobile phones--has become a focus of much media reporting; however, research regarding the phenomenon is in its infancy. This paper reports on the first phase of a study to understand this activity more…

Walker, Shelley; Sanci, Lena; Temple-Smith, Meredith

2011-01-01

168

Young People's Reading Interests in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Children's Literature Research Unit at the University of South Africa, Pretoria, implemented a research project examining what young people were reading at the end of the 20th century, similar to a research project which had been carried out at Roehampton Institute in London (1996). The research began with a pilot project. Its goals were to:…

Machet, M. P.

169

The Economic Education of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Under the economic conditions that are new to Russia, young people are subjected to the influence of many factors. On the one hand, they are compelled to put up opposition to the economic system, while on the other hand they are compelled to be actively involved in it. In either case they have to solve the problem of how to survive in the system.…

Prutchenkov, A.; Teriukova, T.

2010-01-01

170

Young People in Britain. CRE Factsheet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This factsheet provides information about young people from ethnic minorities in Britain. In spring 1997, 48% of the ethnic minority population of Britain was under 24 years of age, in comparison with 31% of the White population. Twenty-two percent of the ethnic minority population was of compulsory school age, compared with 14% of the White…

Commission for Racial Equality, London (England).

171

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three neuropathologically confirmed cases of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in young people (19, 23, and 27 years of age) are described. None had received pituitary hormone therapy. At the onset of illness all patients were suspected of having SSPE or other viral encephalitis, because of the similarity of clinical symptomatology and the shift towards older age of SSPE onsets observed in Poland

J. Kulczycki; H. Jedrzejowska; K. Gajkowski; E. Tarnowska-Dziduszko; W. Lojkowska

1991-01-01

172

Adequate and Sufficient FE for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is designed for further education (FE) colleges and individuals responsible for regional FE planning in the United Kingdom. Based on several case studies and the views of selected stakeholders in FE, it presents a framework for ensuring adequate and sufficient FE for young people. Discussed in the document's four sections are the…

Further Education Development Agency, London (England).

173

Young people's help-seeking for mental health problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarises an ambitious research agenda aiming to uncover the factors that affect help-seeking among young people for mental health problems. The research set out to consider why young people, and particularly young males, do not seek help when they are in psychological distress or suicidal; how professional services be made more accessible and attractive to young people; the

Debra Rickwood; Frank P. Deane; Coralie J. Wilson; Joseph Ciarrochi

2005-01-01

174

Young people describe their prediagnosis cancer experience.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: Young people often report a protracted journey to diagnosis and frequently report perceived delays. This study was undertaken to increase understanding of the self-reported prediagnosis experiences in young people with a non-haematological cancer, as close as possible to the time of diagnosis. METHODS: Narrative interviews were conducted with 24 young people aged 16-24, 2-4?months from the diagnosis of a solid tumour. Data were analysed to identify whether prediagnosis narratives could be classified according to shared characteristics (typologies) to identify broader contextual issues concerning cancer, and cancer risk perceptions, in this age group. Case notes were also accessed to contextualize and confirm accounts. RESULTS: The main themes, which included a group narrative concerning perspectives of delay, included the impact on an individual's everyday life by symptoms; the role that significant others in young peoples' lives played in the interpretation of symptom significance; the negotiation of entry into, and experiences of, generalist health care; entry into specialist care; and the threshold points that exemplified when events shifted and a diagnosis was eventually obtained. CONCLUSIONS: The narratives reveal complex, and multidimensional explanations for delay with individual and contextual factors contributing. Insights were gained into preventable diagnostic delay; including investigations having been instigated, but not followed up. Each narrative also offered significant insights into how cancer symptoms should be considered within the context of young peoples' lives. This would help prevent signs and symptoms in this age group failing to trigger suspicion and not being treated seriously. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:23784978

Gibson, Faith; Pearce, Susie; Eden, Tim; Glaser, Adam; Hooker, Louise; Whelan, Jeremy; Kelly, Daniel

2013-06-20

175

Correlates of engaging in survival sex among homeless youth and young adults.  

PubMed

Using a sample of 1,625 homeless youth and young adults aged 10 to 25 from 28 different states in the United States, this study examines the correlates of having engaged in survival sex. Findings suggest that differences exist based on demographic variables (gender, age, race, and sexual orientation), lifetime drug use (inhalants, Valium™, crack cocaine, alcohol, Coricidin™, and morphine), recent drug use (alcohol, ecstasy, heroin, and methamphetamine), mental health variables (suicide attempts, familial history of substance use, and having been in substance abuse treatment), and health variables (sharing needles and having been tested for HIV). In addition to replicating previous findings, this study's findings suggest that African American youth; gay, lesbian, or bisexual youth; and youth who had been tested for HIV were significantly more likely to have engaged in survival sex than White, heterosexual youth, and youth who had not been tested for HIV, respectively. Implications for interventions with youth and suggestions for future research are discussed. PMID:20799134

Walls, N Eugene; Bell, Stephanie

2011-05-24

176

Correlates of service utilization among homeless youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though few studies exist on service utilization among homeless youth in the U.S., services are important because without them, many of these young people may resort to delinquent strategies in order to meet their daily survival needs. The current study examines frequency and correlates of service utilization (i.e., shelters, food programs, street outreach, counseling, STI and HIV testing) among a

Kimberly A. Tyler; Sarah L. Akinyemi; Lisa A. Kort-Butler

2012-01-01

177

An Analysis of Faith-Based Homeless Social Service Providers in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and their Role in Helping Homeless People  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, there has been a strong push on the federal level to support efforts of faith-based organizations, which provide a variety of social services ranging from literacy improvement efforts to homeless prevention. This thesis sheds light on the current efforts by faith-based homeless service providers in the Baton Rouge area, and examines their role in helping the homeless.

Green Willie Jr

2006-01-01

178

Sudden Death in Young People--Heart Problems Often Blamed  

MedlinePLUS

... be reprinted for personal, noncommercial use only. Sudden death in young people — Heart problems often blamed By ... share your e-mail address Sign up Sudden death in young people — Heart problems often blamed Sudden ...

179

Young people's drug use: facts and feelings.  

PubMed

The study aimed to quantify the major findings of a previous qualitative study on drug use and young people. Findings are reported on drug use; views on the use of cannabis; amphetamines and heroin; and the relationship between these views and reported drug use. Reported usage and feelings about drug use are discussed in relation to the extent to which drug use can be considered to be 'normalised'. There is only weak evidence that normalisation, even of cannabis use, is true for young people towards the end of their compulsory schooling. However the findings provide some evidence for both sides in the 'normalisation debate' against a backdrop of apparent increasing use of drugs. Until more evidence is available, the normalisation debate will continue. PMID:10451315

Wibberley, C; Price, J F

1998-01-01

180

Alcohol advertising and young people's drinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate relationships between reported alcohol consumption and exposure to alcohol advertising. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey of young people (17-21 years) was carried out in which they were questioned about their alcohol consumption habits, types of alcohol they consume, exposure to alcohol advertising, and a range of other factors linked to drinking (e.g. parental and

Barrie Gunter; Anders Hansen; Maria Touri

2009-01-01

181

Homelessness and health  

PubMed Central

Homelessness affects tens of thousands of Canadians and has important health implications. Homeless people are at increased risk of dying prematurely and suffer from a wide range of health problems, including seizures, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, musculoskeletal disorders, tuberculosis, and skin and foot problems. Homeless people also face significant barriers that impair their access to health care. More research is needed to identify better ways to deliver care to this population.

Hwang, Stephen W.

2001-01-01

182

Homeless and Indigenous in Minneapolis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indigenous peoples are overrepresented in the homeless population. This paper examines the extent to which homelessness and some of its possible antecedents and consequences differ for indigenous peoples and majority whites residing in the city of Minneapolis. We conclude that being homeless and indigenous in Minneapolis is a significantly different experience for this group than it is for majority whites.

Alex Westerfelt; Michael Yellow Bird

1999-01-01

183

Fifteen years of homelessness in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is rising rapidly in the UK. This increase is often attributed to the existence of legislation entitling homeless people to help. But the increase is most appropriately explained by changes in housing supply and demand. The homelessness legislation has granted rights to some groups of homeless people but not to others. The effect of the legislation is marginal compared

Madeline Drake

1989-01-01

184

From Ambivalence to Activism: Young People's Environmental Views and Actions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do young people really take a particular interest in environmental issues, or are they apathetic? This paper considers what young people really think about the environment by drawing together and reviewing attitudinal polling and other research into young people's views. It seeks to challenge simplistic assumptions, and instead acknowledges the…

Partridge, Emma

2008-01-01

185

Sixth Sense: The Disabled Children and Young People's Participation Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disabled Children and Young Peoples Participation Project (DCYPPP) was established by Barnardos (Northern Ireland) in 2002 to explore ways of involving children and young people with disabilities in decision-making processes within Children's Services Planning of the Health and Social Services Board. Over 200 young people have participated in…

Murray, Rosemary

2012-01-01

186

A Typology of Young People's Internet Use: Implications for Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using data from a nationally representative survey of over a 1000 young people in the UK this paper proposes a typology of the ways young people are using the Internet outside formal educational settings; and examines the individual and contextual factors that help to explain why young people are using the Internet in this way. Specifically, this…

Eynon, Rebecca; Malmberg, Lars-Erik

2011-01-01

187

Sixth Sense: The Disabled Children and Young People's Participation Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Disabled Children and Young Peoples Participation Project (DCYPPP) was established by Barnardos (Northern Ireland) in 2002 to explore ways of involving children and young people with disabilities in decision-making processes within Children's Services Planning of the Health and Social Services Board. Over 200 young people have participated in…

Murray, Rosemary

2012-01-01

188

Drugs and alcohol - understanding the perceptions of young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

How confused are young people about cannabis reclassification? Who do they really trust when talking about drink and drugs? Do they believe the health warnings and ‘the messages’ to stay away from drugs? Michelle Duffin draws on her national discussions with young people to explore their perceptions of drugs and alcohol and to assess their awareness of young people services

Michelle Duffin

2005-01-01

189

Estrangement Factors Associated with Addiction to Alcohol and Drugs among Homeless Youth in Three U. S. Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Substance use is highly prevalent among homeless, street-involved young people. Societal estrangement is often associated with substance use, particularly among this population. The current study sought to identify four domains of social estrangement (disaffiliation, human capital, identification with homeless culture, and psychological…

Thompson, Sanna; Jun, Jina; Bender, Kimberly; Ferguson, Kristin M.; Pollio, David E.

2010-01-01

190

Preventing teenage pregnancy: delivering effective services for young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the evidence on the extent to which young people’s sexual health services contribute to the prevention of teenage pregnancy. Reports the findings of a survey of health, education, youth and social services, and providers of services, which was undertaken for the Department of Health. Summarizes other recent reviews of evaluations of services and young people’s sexual health services. Provides

Stephen Peckham

1997-01-01

191

Sexual Health: The Role of Sexual Health Services Among Homeless Young Women Living in Toronto, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent statistics indicate limited condom use, high STI (sexually transmitted infection) rates, and a general lack of knowledge about reproductive and sexual health among homeless youth. This research focuses on the experiences of homeless female and transgendered youth, providing an insider’s perspective on shaping sexual health interventions. This qualitative research is based on life history interviews and participant observation with

Vanessa Oliver; Rebecca Cheff

2012-01-01

192

Homeless, Not Hopeless: Ensuring Educational Opportunity for America's Homeless Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This position document is introduced by a fact sheet that lists the numbers of homeless people and the appropriations for various programs that assist homeless people. The executive summary discusses: (1) the plight of homeless children; (2) the passage of the McKinney Homeless Assistance Amendments of 1990 by the U.S. Congress; (3) services…

Johnson, Joseph F., Jr., Ed.; Wand, Barbara, Ed.

193

Exploring Young People's Beliefs and Images about Sun Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To understand young people's low levels of sun protection behaviour, 145 young people (aged 12 to 20 years) were recruited from Queensland, to participate in a one-hour focus group where they discussed issues related to sun protection and images of tanned and non-tanned people. Responses were content analysed to identify common sun protection…

White, K. M.; Robinson, N. G.; Young, R. McD.; Anderson, P. J.; Hyde, M. K.; Greenbank, S.; Keane, J.; Rolfe, T.; Vardon, P.; Baskerville, D.

2008-01-01

194

Behaviour change communication for HIV and AIDS among young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behaviour change communication (BCC) entails using communication approaches and tools with a view to empowering young people with skills and capabilities to enable them promote and manage their own health and development. It also helps foster positive change in young people’s behaviour, as well as in their knowledge and attitudes, besides motivating them to collaborate with their families, educational institutions,

E. F. Wangulu

2008-01-01

195

Civil society responses to homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how faith-based organisations in South Africa respond to homelessness, using research performed in 2005 with 12 religious organisations that provide services to homeless people in Johannesburg and Pretoria. It describes the organisations' histories, funding schemes and relationships with other organisations, and considers the complexities of defining homelessness. The background to the study was broader and more in-depth

Diana Sanchez

2010-01-01

196

State of Australia's Young People: A Report on the Social, Economic, Health and Family Lives of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a comprehensive picture of how young Australians are faring by bringing together data from a variety of sources and drawing on the comments of young people themselves. Overall the report presents a positive picture, showing how important young people are to this country and why it makes good economic and social sense for…

Muir, Kristy; Mullan, Killian; Powell, Abigail; Flaxman, Saul; Thompson, Denise; Griffiths, Megan

2009-01-01

197

Intensive Case Management for Homeless People with Alcohol and Other Drug Proplems  

Microsoft Academic Search

An intensive casc management program designed to be ellcclive with homeless persons affected by alcohol and other drug problems was implemented and rigorously evaluated The service demonstration site for the Denver project was Arapahoe House, Colorado's largest and most comprehensive substance abuse treatment center. The evaluation research efforts was conducted by the University of Denver. This project implemented an innovative

Micheal W. Kirby; G. Nicholas Braucht

1993-01-01

198

Evaluation of Self by Young People with Down Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been relatively few studies of self-esteem with young people with moderate and severe intellectual disability. One reason for this is likely to be measurement difficulties. The purpose of the present study was to assess the usefulness of three measures of self-esteem in 72 young people with Down syndrome aged from 17 to 24 years. Forty-five young people, mean

Sheila Glenn; Cliff Cunningham

2001-01-01

199

Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences...Prevalence, Drug Use, and Other At-Risk Behaviors. A FYSB Research Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professionals who work with runaway, throwaway, and homeless youth have long known that many of these young people leave home to escape abusive and/or destructive family situations. This update presents the findings of a national study on such children. Results of the study, "Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences: Prevalence,…

Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

200

Young people's time use and maternal employment in the UK.  

PubMed

This paper analyses the relationship between young people's time use and maternal employment in the United Kingdom (UK). Two dimensions of young people's time use are important for understanding the impact of maternal employment. The first of these is family context. This concerns the time young people are near their parents or not. The second relates to young people's activity patterns. Combining information from both dimensions is necessary to provide a comprehensive overview of the impact of maternal employment on young people's time use. The paper demonstrates that young people's time use is associated with maternal employment both in terms of activity patterns and family context. Young people with employed mothers spend more time alone with a father, and more time with neither parent. More specifically, young people with mothers employed full time (FT) spend significantly more time watching TV than those whose mothers are not employed, especially when they are not near any parents. There is a negative association between FT maternal employment and the time young people spend in achievement-related activities, concentrated in time when alone with a mother. Unlike time in leisure activities or time watching TV, time in achievement-related activities when in the presence of a father does not increase to compensate for the loss in time spent in achievement-related activities when alone with a mother. PMID:19941491

Mullan, Killian

2009-12-01

201

Young people’s views on how to tackle gang violence in “post- conflict” Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes gang culture in post-conflict Guatemala, and makes the case for including the views of young people in responding to the issue. Participatory research with young people from two low-income communi- ties in Guatemala City revealed that gang violence was in fact a most critical issue in their lives, and a number of recommendations were generated. These young

Ailsa Winton

2004-01-01

202

Homeless Lives in New Zealand: the case of central Auckland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is a pressing and increasingly visible concern in New Zealand. Many people sleeping rough are male and of Maori or Pacific descent. This research focuses on understanding the nature of resilience through the lived experiences of homeless people. To gain insights into cultures of homelessness, a qualitative case study research design was used to engage six homeless people who

Shiloh Groot; Darrin Hodgetts; Kerry Chamberlain; Alan Radley; Linda Nikora; Ottillie Stolte; Eci Nabalarua

203

A study of young lesbian and gay people’s school experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This retrospective study used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to explore young lesbian and gay (LG) people’s experiences of school in relation to their sexuality and their perceptions of how schools could be inclusive for young LG people. Participants were in the age range of 16 to 21 and provided insights into coping strategies, responses to being gay and advice they

Kathryn Robinson

2010-01-01

204

Children and young people’s uses of the Internet for homework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article extends current research by more closely examining children and young people’s uses of the Internet for homework support within the familial context. In particular, it examines how young people find and deploy resources, how levels and quality of access influence use and the participation of other family members in homework support. It argues that whilst families view the

Sue Cranmer

2006-01-01

205

Implementing Assertive Community Treatment in Diverse Settings for People Who Are Homeless With Co-Occurring Mental and Addictive Disorders: A Series of Case Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Assertive Community Treatment model (ACT) was developed more than 30 years ago to treat individuals with serious and persistent mental illness. This qualitative study highlights practical challenges encountered when establishing ACT teams in diverse settings serving people who are homeless with co-occurring mental and addictive disorders (COD). Program administrators and evaluators from nine programs located in seven states completed

Steven Neumiller; Felecia Bennett-Clark; M. Scott Young; Brian Dates; Nahama Broner; Jessica Leddy; Dorothy Kendall; Stephanie Richards; Fred De Jong

2009-01-01

206

Correlates of service utilization among homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Though few studies exist on service utilization among homeless youth in the U.S., services are important because without them, many of these young people may resort to delinquent strategies in order to meet their daily survival needs. The current study examines frequency and correlates of service utilization (i.e., shelters, food programs, street outreach, counseling, STI and HIV testing) among a sample of 249 homeless youth ages 14 to 21. Multivariate analysis revealed significant differences in service usage by sex, age, and sexual orientation. Experiencing family physical and/or sexual abuse, being kicked out of the family home, spending more nights per week sleeping on the street, and having ever stayed in a group home facility were significant correlates of homeless youths’ service usage.

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Akinyemi, Sarah L.; Kort-Butler, Lisa A.

2013-01-01

207

Helping homeless mentally Ill people: What variables mediate and moderate program effects?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This process evaluation study examined what variables moderate and mediate treatment effects on days in stable housing and\\u000a client satisfaction for homeless mentally ill clients. In general, demographic characteristics did not moderate either outcome\\u000a variable. Housing contacts, entitlement contacts, mental health contacts, and supportive services were significant mediators\\u000a of the treatment effect on days in stable housing. Program contacts, mental

Gary A. Morse; Robert J. Calsyn; Gary Allen; David A. Kenny

1994-01-01

208

Is the Care We Provide Homeless People, Just? The Ethic of Justice Informing the Ethic of Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scant homeless research has articulated the homeless individual's experience from the perspective of his privileged access. Ethnographic research was conducted in a large southwest metropolitan city. Facilitated through several weeks of informal observation, it was through 15 weeks of formal interviews that privileged data were gathered by riding with the Service of Emergency Aid and Research Center for the Homeless

Marilyn Reitz-Pustejovsky

2002-01-01

209

Representing Young Peoples Sexuality in the "Youth" Media  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports findings from a content analysis of the main messages about sexuality in media outlets consumed by young people. It examines how sexuality is represented and the level of sexual health information provided in some UK magazines and TV programmes targeted at young people. Our findings show that such outlets included a vast range…

Batchelor, S. A.; Kitzinger, J.; Burtney, E.

2004-01-01

210

Young People and Alcohol in Italy: An Evolving Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Italy, commonly held opinions and interpretations about the relationship between young people and alcohol are often expressed as generalizations and approximations. In order to further understanding of the relationship between young people and alcohol in contemporary Italy, we have gathered, compared and discussed all the available data, both…

Beccaria, Franca; Prina, Franco

2010-01-01

211

Dancing beyond exercise: young people's experiences in dance classes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dance classes in urban settings may have a role in health-promotion programmes seeking to increase physical activity amongst young people. However, little is so far known about the motivations, experiences or health outcomes of those participating in dance classes. This qualitative study of young people attending recreational dance classes addressed motivations, the nature of the class experience, and implications for

Sally May Gardner; Paul Komesaroff; Rachel Fensham

2008-01-01

212

A Study of Young Lesbian and Gay People's School Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This retrospective study used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to explore young lesbian and gay (LG) people's experiences of school in relation to their sexuality and their perceptions of how schools could be inclusive for young LG people. Participants were in the age range of 16 to 21 and provided insights into coping strategies,…

Robinson, Kathryn

2010-01-01

213

Young People's Views about Their Involvement in Decision-Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on research conducted over a two-year period in a large Educational Psychology Service (EPS) in England. Researchers were keen to ascertain the views of young people and EPS members about young people being directly involved in educational decision-making and how their "genuine" involvement in such decision-making might be best…

Aston, Hermione J.; Lambert, Nathan

2010-01-01

214

A Study of Young Lesbian and Gay People's School Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This retrospective study used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to explore young lesbian and gay (LG) people's experiences of school in relation to their sexuality and their perceptions of how schools could be inclusive for young LG people. Participants were in the age range of 16 to 21 and provided insights into coping strategies,…

Robinson, Kathryn

2010-01-01

215

Awareness of Stratification among Fifth Generation Young People: A Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

China's reform and opening up have been implemented for more than thirty years now. The "fifth generation" of young people, born between 1978 and 1988, has gradually grown up to become a backbone force for the advancement of social development. This article takes young people living or working in the Xuhui district as a sample and uses statistical…

Bo, Liu

2011-01-01

216

Young People's Uses of Celebrity: Class, Gender and "Improper" Celebrity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we explore the question of how celebrity operates in young people's everyday lives, thus contributing to the urgent need to address celebrity's social function. Drawing on data from three studies in England on young people's perspectives on their educational and work futures, we show how celebrity operates as a classed and…

Allen, Kim; Mendick, Heather

2013-01-01

217

Illness representations in young people with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leventhal's commonsense model of self-regulation has attracted a great deal of research in recent years, but its possible implications for understanding young people with chronic illness have received little attention. The purpose of this study is to examine children and young people with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and to explore (a) the characteristics of their illness representations, (b) whether those

Suzanne Elizabeth Gray; D. R. Rutter

2007-01-01

218

Rural Young People and Society: A Crisis of Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rural young people in today's Russia have the ability to contribute to Russia's development, but conditions in the Russian countryside do not provide opportunities for them to do so. Potentially, rural young people represent an innovative resource of social, economic, and cultural development, a vital factor of the material and intellectual…

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2012-01-01

219

New Models for New Media: Young people learning digital cultures  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents data from a project which investigated children and young people's learning of digital cultures in informal settings in Britain. The project aimed to build links between young peoples' leisure and learning experiences, by engaging with the content and styles of learning connected with digital cultures in homes and community centres. The focus of this article is on

Rebekah Willett

220

Young People and Public Space: Developing inclusive policy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues about young people's use of public and community spaces are now commonly raised in many countries. As urban space becomes more intensely used and the patterns of use of various types of space changes so a range of tensions have emerged for a range of parties including local government, shopping centre management, youth services and young people themselves. This

Phil Crane

221

Dancing beyond Exercise: Young People's Experiences in Dance Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dance classes in urban settings may have a role in health-promotion programmes seeking to increase physical activity amongst young people. However, little is so far known about the motivations, experiences or health outcomes of those participating in dance classes. This qualitative study of young people attending recreational dance classes…

Gardner, Sally May; Komesaroff, Paul; Fensham, Rachel

2008-01-01

222

Under curfew and under siege? Legal geographies of young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against a backdrop of widespread panic about children's safety and the unruliness of teenagers, efforts to remove young people from public space are becoming increasingly pervasive. Public space is being constructed as adult space through legal mechanisms such as curfews, which seek to curtail young people's spatial freedoms and contain them within their homes. Ostensibly motivated by a desire to

Damian C. A. Collins; Robin A. Kearns

2001-01-01

223

Young People and Alcohol in Italy: An Evolving Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Italy, commonly held opinions and interpretations about the relationship between young people and alcohol are often expressed as generalizations and approximations. In order to further understanding of the relationship between young people and alcohol in contemporary Italy, we have gathered, compared and discussed all the available data, both…

Beccaria, Franca; Prina, Franco

2010-01-01

224

Use of the internet and traditional media among young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the use of traditional media as well as the internet among young people in Hong Kong. With the fast development of the internet, the use of interpersonal as well as computer-mediated communication has changed greatly. A study of how young people use traditional and new media is crucial as it

Kara Chan; Wei Fang

2007-01-01

225

Encouraging Voices: Listening to Young People Who Have Been Marginalised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When provided with an opportunity to reflect upon their experiences of education, young people can often offer insights into those procedures and actions which have either supported or inhibited learning. In this article Richard Rose and Michael Shevlin describe how a team of researchers came together with a group of young people from marginalized…

Rose, Richard; Shevlin, Michael

2004-01-01

226

The sexual scripts of Kenyan young people and HIV prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scripting of sexual encounters among young people in Kenyan is described using results of 28 focus group discussions conducted with young people attending primary school standard 7, from four different ethnic groups and living in 22 different communities. Sexual encounters were described as both mundane and inevitable and followed a predetermined scripted sequence of events and interactions in which

Melanie Gallant; Dan Holland; Karen Metcalfe; Janet Wildish; Mary Gichuru

2005-01-01

227

YOUTH IN ACTION: EMPOWERING YOUNG PEOPLE FOR COMMUNITY CHANGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synopsis THE FOCUS OF THE YOUTH AND THE LAW PROJECT (YALP) AT Campbelltown, New South Wales is crime prevention ?a social approach of working proactively with young people to increase their self-esteem, reduce anti-social behaviour and help them carry out community improvement projects. Over its seven years of operation, YALP has evolved methodologies which can empower young people of all

John Engel; Julia Young

228

Stories about Physical Education from Young People with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on young people with disabilities and mainstream physical education in England. Within this context there have been unprecedented levels of funding and resources directed towards physical education in order to support more inclusive physical education experiences for all young people, including those with disabilities. Physical education holds a unique place within the school curriculum; it is a

Hayley Fitzgerald; Annette Stride

2012-01-01

229

Social exclusion and young people in rural Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extent and nature of social exclusion among young people living in rural areas is an under-researched topic. Stephen Pavis, Stephen Platt and Gill Hubbard of Edinburgh University have explored how young people moved from childhood to adulthood in two contrasting Scottish rural towns and their surrounding areas. Using in-depth interviews, a postal questionnaire and official statistics, the study aimed

Stephen Pavis; Stephen Platt; Gill Hubbard

2000-01-01

230

Young people with health conditions and the inclusive education problematic  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article revisits debates about inclusive education from the perspective of the Keeping Connected project, a qualitative longitudinal research project focusing on young people with health-related disrupted experiences of schooling. Drawing on findings from this project, three main arguments are advanced and illustrated in relation to inclusive education. First, voice and subjectivity are not identical for these young people, and

Lyn Yates

2012-01-01

231

Leadership and Outsidership among the Young People of a Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The problem of the status of young people in today's Russia is being discussed vigorously in society, in the sciences, and in the mass media. It would be hard to dispute the thesis that today's young people differ a great deal in terms of their status and role in society, their educational and cultural levels, their worldview, their tastes and…

Babintsev, V. P.; Boiarinova, I. V.; Reutov, E. V.

2008-01-01

232

Young People, Pornography, and Sexuality: Sources and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of and attitudes among young people toward pornography and their sources of information about sexuality. Eight hundred and seventy-six young people ages 15-25 years (555 females and 321 males) who visited a youth center in Sweden for a period of 1 year answered a questionnaire about their use…

Wallmyr, Gudrun; Welin, Catharina

2006-01-01

233

Study of Young People Permanently Excluded from School. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tracked the careers, over 2 years, of 193 young English people (particularly at-risk groups) after their permanent exclusion from mainstream schools during 9th, 10th, or 11th grade. The study investigated the impact of pre- and post-exclusion processes, provisions, and outcomes on these young people's life-chances and wider indicators…

Daniels, Harry; Cole, Ted; Sellman, Edward; Sutton, Jane; Visser, John; Bedward, Julie

234

Mobile Phone Use as Part of Young People's Consumption Styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports on an empirical study of the connection between consumption patterns and mobile phone use. The data stem from a survey of Finnish young people aged 16–20. The results indicate that young people's relationship to the mobile phone is consistent with their general consumption styles. An \\

Terhi-Anna Wilska

2003-01-01

235

Representing young people's sexuality in the 'youth' media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports findings from a content analysis of the main messages about sexuality in media outlets consumed by young people. It examines how sexuality is represented and the level of sexual health information provided in some UK magazines and TV programmes targeted at young people. Our findings show that such outlets included a vast range of useful discussion including

S. A. Batchelor; J. Kitzinger; E. Burtney

2004-01-01

236

Dancing beyond Exercise: Young People's Experiences in Dance Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dance classes in urban settings may have a role in health-promotion programmes seeking to increase physical activity amongst young people. However, little is so far known about the motivations, experiences or health outcomes of those participating in dance classes. This qualitative study of young people attending recreational dance classes…

Gardner, Sally May; Komesaroff, Paul; Fensham, Rachel

2008-01-01

237

Study of Young People Permanently Excluded from School. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study tracked the careers, over 2 years, of 193 young English people (particularly at-risk groups) after their permanent exclusion from mainstream schools during 9th, 10th, or 11th grade. The study investigated the impact of pre- and post-exclusion processes, provisions, and outcomes on these young people's life-chances and wider indicators…

Daniels, Harry; Cole, Ted; Sellman, Edward; Sutton, Jane; Visser, John; Bedward, Julie

238

Youth Work with Vulnerable Young People. Interchange No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research was conducted in Scotland to evaluate the effectiveness of youth work with vulnerable young people, primarily between the ages of 13 and 16. Four complementary methods were adopted: (1) a survey of secondary school students; (2) a series of focus group interviews with young people with experience of youth work; (3) interviews with…

Powney, Janet; Furlong, Andy; Cartmel, Fred; Hall, Stuart

239

Youth Work with Vulnerable Young People. Interchange No. 51.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research was conducted in Scotland to evaluate the effectiveness of youth work with vulnerable young people, primarily between the ages of 13 and 16. Four complementary methods were adopted: (1) a survey of secondary school students; (2) a series of focus group interviews with young people with experience of youth work; (3) interviews with…

Powney, Janet; Furlong, Andy; Cartmel, Fred; Hall, Stuart

240

Young People's Uses of Celebrity: Class, Gender and "Improper" Celebrity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we explore the question of how celebrity operates in young people's everyday lives, thus contributing to the urgent need to address celebrity's social function. Drawing on data from three studies in England on young people's perspectives on their educational and work futures, we show how celebrity operates as a classed and…

Allen, Kim; Mendick, Heather

2013-01-01

241

Young People's "Agency" in Sexuality Research Using Visual Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper seeks to explore how we might understand young people's agency in sexuality research using visual methods. It is concerned with troubling the perception that power is held by the adult researcher and denied to youthful participants who simply submit to their authority. Rather than attempting to cast moments of young people's agency as…

Allen, Louisa

2008-01-01

242

The Values and Attitudes of Russia's Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Numerous surveys by the Russian Center for Public-Opinion Research [VTsIOM] have shown that young people, in contrast to members of the middle and, especially, the older generations, typically have a high degree of satisfaction with their lives: more than three-fifths of young people (66 percent) are satisfied, just over one-quarter (27 percent)…

Zorkaia, Nataliia; Diuk, Nadia M.

2005-01-01

243

Immigration and Schools: Supporting Success for Undocumented Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attending school and securing lawful status in the United States are two keys to safety and security for undocumented unaccompanied homeless youth. This brief is designed to provide young people, immigration attorneys and advocates, McKinney-Vento liaisons and educators with basic information to help them access these keys. After describing some…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2010

2010-01-01

244

Immigration and Schools: Supporting Success for Undocumented Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attending school and securing lawful status in the United States are two keys to safety and security for undocumented unaccompanied homeless youth. This brief is designed to provide young people, immigration attorneys and advocates, McKinney-Vento liaisons and educators with basic information to help them access these keys. After describing some…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2010

2010-01-01

245

The Spatial Origins of the Homeless: How the Homeless Vary in Their Geographic Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been no such study to date to investigate the residential origin of the varying categories of homeless. This study investigates the spatial distribution of residential origins of the varying categories of homeless and the factors that contribute to the vulnerability of individuals to become homeless. The study categorizes homeless people based on gender, family status, the occurrence of

Deden Rukmana

2006-01-01

246

Barriers to Sexual Health Services for Young People in Nepal  

PubMed Central

Although sexual and reproductive health education and services are provided to young people, current rates of HIV infection and pregnancy are increasing in Nepal, indicating that young people do not always use sexual health services. Health facilities have apparently failed to provide young people with specialized sexual health education and services. This study explored the barriers to using sexual health services, including condom-use among young people in Nepal. Participants from 10 focus groups and 31 in-depth interviews, carried out by a same-sex researcher, reported many socioeconomic, cultural and physical norms that impose barriers to accessing information on sexual health and relevant services. It is concluded that the establishment of youth-friendly service centres in convenient places might help encourage young people to use sexual health services.

van Teijlingen, Edwin; Simkhada, Padam; Acharya, Dev Raj

2010-01-01

247

Young people's embodied social capital and performing disability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper teases out how the identities of young people with mind–body–emotional differences are performed and reproduced via their social relationships primarily within school spaces. Drawing upon the concept of embodied social capital (Holt 2008), the paper explores empirically how young people's positionings within a variety of social networks (re)produces differentially valued identity positionings which can become embodied within young

Louise Holt

2010-01-01

248

Responding to the needs of the homeless mentally ill.  

PubMed Central

The homeless mentally ill represent a pivotal and urgent challenge to the mental health field in the 1980s. Those homeless who have extended histories of psychiatric hospitalization stand as harsh reminders of the failures of deinstitutionalization, while young mentally ill homeless adults who never have been treated as inpatients testify to the gaps and unrealized promises of community-based care under deinstitutionalization. Homelessness and mental illness are social and clinical problems, respectively, distinct in some ways but intertwined in others. Some of the factors that contribute to homelessness--such as economic deprivations, a dearth of low-cost housing, discontinuities in social service systems, and radical changes in the composition of American families--are felt particularly keenly by many persons who are mentally ill. And symptoms of mental disorders, in turn, frequently impede an individual's capacities to cope with those, as well as other, stressors. Developing appropriate and effective responses to the needs of homeless people who are mentally ill requires precise definition and identification of the target population, innovations in the mental health service system, encouragement of those who staff it to work with homeless mentally ill patients, and public education. Ultimately, however, fundamental answers will be found in an improved understanding of severe mental illness, enhanced treatment capacities, and greater attention to the rehabilitative needs of mentally ill persons.

Frazier, S H

1985-01-01

249

Help the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Workers Educational Association collaborated with a support program for homeless people in England to provide adult-education opportunities. Focus is on small groups and community learning, designed to overcome barriers these adults face. (SK)

Miskin, Jol

1999-01-01

250

Homeless Children and Youth at Risk: The Educational Impact of Displacement  

Microsoft Academic Search

We know that homelessness creates conditions of risk for homeless children and youth (e.g., malnutrition, missing parental support, affiliation with deviant peers, disconnect from schooling, and so forth). Researchers also document that these states of risk have devastating physical, emotional, social, and educational impacts on young people. In this article, we explore the final issue—how displacement affects the educational well-being

Joseph Murphy

2011-01-01

251

Living on the margins: older homeless adults in Toronto.  

PubMed

A handful of scholars have acknowledged that, along side the traditional homeless, there are now older people who become homeless for the first time in old age. Few researchers, however, have systematically compared the recent older homeless with the chronic or traditional homeless. In the research presented here, we compare recent older homeless with long-term older homeless adults in Toronto according to their health and wealth, their housing history, and their use of health and social services. Findings indicate that people who become homeless for the first time at older ages have needs that are different from the lifetime elderly homeless and require different approaches to intervention. PMID:17804358

McDonald, Lynn; Dergal, Julie; Cleghorn, Laura

2007-01-01

252

The experience of young people with depression: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

People who develop depression experience a maelstrom of emotions as they struggle to understand what is happening to them. While the experience has been comparatively well documented in older adults, much less is known about the depression experience and responses of young people. In this study, we aimed to explore the experience of young people diagnosed with depression. Twenty-six young people were recruited from a youth mental health service. A qualitative interpretative design was used, incorporating semi-structured, audio-recorded interviews. Results provided four overlapping themes, reflecting the young people's difficulties in coming to terms with, and responding in self-protective, harmful and at times life-threatening ways to their depression: (1) struggling to make sense of their situation; (2) spiralling down; (3) withdrawing; and (4) contemplating self-harm or suicide. Study conclusions are that young people faced considerable difficulties coming to terms with, and responding to, depression. Improving young people's understanding of depression and its treatment, reducing community stigma and providing accessible and youth-focused services remain important targets for intervention. It is also important to improve mental health literacy in the community to increase awareness of depression and how mental health professionals, including nurses, respond effectively to the young person. PMID:22070382

McCann, T V; Lubman, D I; Clark, E

2011-08-22

253

The effect of an interdisciplinary community health project on student attitudes toward community health, people who are indigent and homeless, and team leadership skill development.  

PubMed

This study examined whether students' attitudes about community health practice, attitudes toward people who are indigent and homeless, and perceived leadership skills changed after participation in a planned interdisciplinary community health experience with an urban homeless or formerly homeless population. Data were collected from medicine, nursing, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and social work students who participated in the community health experiences and from students in these disciplines who did not participate in this curriculum. The interdisciplinary community health curriculum and practicum experiences, based on the Community Health Empowerment Model (CHEM), were designed and implemented by a coalition of community and academic partners. Students in the CHEM project self-selected into the curriculum and initially showed more positive attitudes about community health and indigent and homeless people than their peers not participating. Despite the CHEM students' positive initial attitudes, data from pretests and posttests revealed a significant positive change in their attitudes toward community health practice at the completion of the curriculum. PMID:12801025

Rose, Molly A; Lyons, Kevin J; Swenson Miller, Kathleen; Cornman-Levy, Diane

2003-01-01

254

Dangerous People, Dangerous Places: The Nature and Location of Young People's Victimisation and Fear  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research focusing on the victimisation of young people outside the home has paid insufficient attention to less criminal forms of victimisation such as harassment and their relationship to fear expressed by children. Based on survey data of 2420 children aged 9-16 years from The Children and Young People's Safety Survey, this study focuses on the…

Deakin, Jo

2006-01-01

255

Homelessness and hunger.  

PubMed

We employ data from the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients to examine the character and correlates of hunger among homeless people. Our analysis, couched in an adaptation framework, finds more support for the differentiation hypothesis than for the leveling hypothesis: Complex patterns of food insecurity exist at the individual level, and they vary with the resources available (e.g., higher monthly income, regular shelter use) and obstacles faced (e.g., alcohol, drug, and physical and mental health problems). The chronically homeless, who suffer from multiple deficits, appear particularly food-insecure, a finding that favors the desperation hypothesis over its street-wisdom alternative. We conclude that hunger is not uniformly experienced by members of the homeless population. Rather, some individuals are better situated than others to cope with the stressful nature of homelessness when addressing their sustenance needs. PMID:18418982

Lee, Barrett A; Greif, Meredith J

2008-03-01

256

Drugs and alcohol — understanding the perceptions of young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarises survey research amongst young people concerning their attitudes to alcohol, drugs and nicotine. It explores the origins of those attitudes and makes recommendations as to the means by which information sources may be improved.

Michelle Duffin

2006-01-01

257

Sedentary behaviour interventions in young people: a meta-analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThere is increasing concern about the time young people spend in sedentary behaviour (‘sitting time’), especially with the development of attractive home-based electronic entertainment. This may have deleterious health effects.PurposeTo ascertain, through a meta-analytic review, whether interventions targeted at reducing sedentary behaviours in young people are successful.MethodERIC, MedLine, PsychInfo, SportDiscus and the Cochrane Library databases were searched up to 2010.

Stuart JH Biddle; Sophie OConnell; Rock E Braithwaite

2011-01-01

258

Chlamydia trachomatis screening in young people in Merseyside  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo evaluate the acceptability to young people of proactive Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) information and urine test. To discover the extent of CT infection and the practical implications for completing treatment and partner notification.DesignProspective screening with sexual health questionnaire.SettingThree family planning clinics for young people in Liverpool and South Sefton.ParticipantsNine hundred and five women and 53 men had urine tests and

Jane Harvey; Anne Webb; Harry Mallinson

2000-01-01

259

What is so special about young people? Views from practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study seeks to advance knowledge and understanding about the day-to-day experience of working with young people who misuse substances. This is an area where there are very few empirical research studies suggesting that there is little available evidence about practitioner views and experiences of working with these young people. A framework of service evaluation was employed. Six semi-structured interviews

Sue Molesworth; Ilana Crome

2011-01-01

260

Young people's views of UK mental health services.  

PubMed

AIMS AND METHOD: Adolescence is the period of highest risk for the development of mental illness, but also the age group least likely to seek help from mental health services. We undertook a systematic review of the published literature on the views of young people of mental health services in the UK and a thematic analysis of the findings to explore the reasons behind this to guide those developing services for young people. RESULTS: Thirty-one studies were identified, which captured the views of 13?605 young people including 625 young people who had experience of mental health services. Positive views to emerge were of qualities of mental health workers and encouraging self-reliance. Negative views were of stigma, lack of information, medicalization of their problems and a lack of continuity of care. CONCLUSIONS: Young people have consistent views of the positive and negative aspects of mental health services, which could be helpfully incorporated in the design of services. The views of some groups of young people have not been well represented, however, and the views of minority ethnic groups and those who have disengaged from services in particular need to be actively sought. PMID:23773401

Plaistow, James; Masson, Kim; Koch, Damaris; Wilson, Jon; Stark, Rosemary M; Jones, Peter B; Lennox, Belinda R

2013-06-17

261

Why do young people drink? A review of drinking motives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews evidence of adolescent and young adult drinking motives and their relation to possible consequences over the last 15 years. To this end, a computer-assisted search of relevant articles was conducted. Results revealed that most young people reported drinking for social motives, some indicated enhancement motives, and only a few reported coping motives. Social motives appear to be

Emmanuel Kuntsche; Ronald Knibbe; Gerhard Gmel; Rutger Engels

2005-01-01

262

Risk, Safety, and Control in Young People's Reading Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people read for many reasons. It is a great paradox that reading can provide a safe environment for experimenting with moral and psychological risk. Alternatively, reading may provide a safe haven in a world of real-life risk. Either way, the reader needs to feel a sense of control over his or her reading matter. Adults who work with young

Margaret Mackey

263

Evaluation of a Smoking Cessation Club for Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to undertake a formative evaluation of a young person's Smokebuster club and to examine how young people's experience of being a club member can be used to inform the club's future development. Design/methodology/approach: After seeking and being granted Local Research Ethics Committee approval to undertake the…

Jinks, Annette; Linnell, Susan

2006-01-01

264

Physical activity and rural young people's sense of place  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores rural young people's perceptions of their local environments in relation to their experiences with physical activities through the use of visual methodologies. The main findings from map, photo and interview data from 13 rural young Australians included the importance of friends, family, and gender structures which are discussed in relation to developing a sense of place and

Jessica Lee; Rebecca Abbott

2009-01-01

265

The everyday practices surrounding young people's food consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to understand the meanings young people give to their food consumption practices in the mealtime interdependencies at home or at school. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper uses an interpretive research strategy and adopts a multi-method approach that includes depth interviews, visual diaries, and participant observations during school and family mealtimes. Informants were young

David P. Chitakunye; Pauline Maclaran

2008-01-01

266

Evaluation of a Smoking Cessation Club for Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of the study is to undertake a formative evaluation of a young person's Smokebuster club and to examine how young people's experience of being a club member can be used to inform the club's future development. Design/methodology/approach: After seeking and being granted Local Research Ethics Committee approval to undertake…

Jinks, Annette; Linnell, Susan

2006-01-01

267

Innovative Space Sciences Education Programs for Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future of the world is greatly depends on space. Through space sciences education programs with the main focus is on young people, the society, as a whole will gain in the years to come. The Weizmann Institute of Science is the leading scientific research center in Israel. After the need for science education programs for young students was recognized,

T. Inbar

2002-01-01

268

Raising Educational Attainment: How Young People's Experiences Speak Back to the "Compact with Young Australians"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of international consensus that the knowledge economy requires more highly educated people, the Australian federal, state and territory governments agreed on a set of policies and targets for lifting the minimum level of educational attainment of young people, which are analysed in Part 1 of this paper. This "Compact with young

te Riele, Kitty

2011-01-01

269

Psychological Reactions of Young People to Unemployment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among samples of Australian unemployed, younger and older people had different psychological reactions to unemployment. Age was a better predictor of psychological reactions than sex, length of unemployment, or migrant status. The younger unemployed showed less tolerance of others and less self-reliance than older people. (Author/MJL)

Viney, Linda L.

1983-01-01

270

Ending child homelessness in America.  

PubMed

Approximately 1.5 million children experience homelessness in America each year. The current economic recession and staggering numbers of housing foreclosures have caused the numbers of homeless families to increase dramatically. The impact of homelessness on families and children is devastating. Without a place to call home, children are severely challenged by unpredictability, dislocation, and chaos. Homelessness and exposure to traumatic stresses place them at high risk for poor mental health outcomes. Despite the pressing needs of these children, federal policy during the last decade has focused primarily on chronically homeless adult individuals-to the exclusion of the families. In 2010, however, the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness issued a comprehensive plan to eradicate homelessness for all people through interagency collaboration and aligning mainstream services. A key goal is to prevent and end homelessness for families, youth, and children within 10 years. This policy-focused article describes several tools that can be used to help achieve this goal, including: general principles of care for serving homeless families and children; BSAFE-a promising practice that helps families access community-based services and supports; and the Campaign to End Child Homelessness aimed at action on behalf of homeless families and children at the national, state, and local levels. PMID:20950290

Bassuk, Ellen L

2010-10-01

271

Homelessness prevention: the effect of a shallow rent subsidy program on housing outcomes among people with HIV or AIDS.  

PubMed

This paper presents results of an evaluation of Project Independence (PI), a shallow rent subsidy program with services coordination support for very low income people with HIV or AIDS who live in Alameda County in the San Francisco Bay Area. By providing a small rental subsidy to eligible individuals and their families who are already stably housed, the philosophy of the program is to prevent homelessness before it starts. The housing outcomes of 185 PI clients were compared to those of 218 people who were not enrolled in the program but were presumed eligible for it, controlling for sociodemographic, HIV disease, and behavioral health characteristics. Using survival analysis techniques, non-program participants were found to be more likely to leave their rental housing at any given point in time compared to PI program participants. After one year of follow-up, while 99% of PI clients remained stably housed in their program-subsidized rental unit, only 32% of comparison group clients were still in rental housing. At two years, 96% of PI participants remained independently housed, compared to only 10% of non-participants. The success of the program suggests that Project Independence should be replicated and evaluated in other jurisdictions where a relatively high incidence and prevalence of HIV/AIDS is combined with a lack of affordable housing for low income households. PMID:17577657

Dasinger, Lisa K; Speiglman, Richard

2007-06-19

272

Young People's Orientation to Go into the Engineering Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the social and professional structure of people who work in the field of mental labor, those who are employed in the engineering professions occupy a key place. However, young people's attitudes toward these professions were definitely adversely affected by negative factors in the 1990s. In the context of the decline in the volume of…

Kanikov, F. K.; Trunkina, O. V.

2005-01-01

273

Families Help Homeless and Disabled Relatives Providing Support is More Stressful with “Double Troubles”  

Microsoft Academic Search

People provide help and support to disabled homeless relatives as part of a system of care for homeless adults. This family support is stronger, and stress on relatives is greater, when people who are homeless experience difficulties or disorders related to a disability. Research analyzes data from a study of people with homeless relatives.1 Results show that people spend more

Michael Polgar

2011-01-01

274

Dealing with Disability: Cognitive Impairments & Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless people with cognitive impairments affecting thought, memory, speech, and\\/or psychosocial competence present some of the toughest challenges that clinicians face. Indeed, too many choose to avoid these difficult clients altogether — an option that experienced homeless assistance providers find unacceptable. The following articles describe the complex tapestry of cognitive disabilities and homelessness, and specify practical strategies to assure that

Christopher M. Filley

275

Social Communities and Homelessness: A Broader Concept Analysis of Social Relationships and Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pathways to and from homelessness were examined from the perspective of people who were both employed and homeless in Calgary, Alberta. Based on data collected through semi-structured open-end interviews (n = 61) with employed homeless people (N estimated at 2,400), we found that respondents identified aspects of five predominant social relationships that had the greatest impact on their present homeless

Micheal L. Shier; Marion E. Jones; John R. Graham

2011-01-01

276

Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Homeless people represent an extremely disadvantaged group in North America. Among older homeless men, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death. The objective of this study was to examine cardiovascular risk factors in a representative sample of homeless adults and identify opportunities for improved risk factor modification. Methods and Results—Homeless persons were randomly selected at shelters for single

Tony C. Lee; John G. Hanlon; Jessica Ben-David; Gillian L. Booth; Warren J. Cantor; Philip W. Connelly; Stephen W. Hwang

2010-01-01

277

Homelessness in the United States: An Ecological Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an ecological perspective on homelessness that emphasizes the context in which homeless people live and the complex interactions between personal, social, economic, and service system resources that affect their well-being. The ecological perspective encourages researchers and program developers to assess the problems of homelessness at multiple levels of analysis, to view homelessness as a result of contextual

Paul A. Toro; Edison J. Trickett; David D. Wall; Deborah A. Salem

1991-01-01

278

Mental Health and Growing Up: Factsheets for Parents, Teachers and Young People - Fourth edition Mental Health and Growing Up: Factsheets for Parents, Teachers and Young People - Fourth edition.  

PubMed

This book provides a useful reference guide for young people and adults wanting to learn more about the emotional, behavioural and mental health problems that often affect children and young people. PMID:24020555

2013-09-11

279

Homeless Youths and Young Adults in Los Angeles: Prevalence of Mental Health Problems and the Relationship Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although understanding of the subsistence patterns, service utilization, and HIV-risk behaviors of homeless youths and young adults is increasing, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of mental health problems in this group or the relationships between mental health problems and substance use. This study measured symptoms of depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, suicidality, self-injurious behavior (SIB), and drug and alcohol

Jennifer B. Unger; Michele D. Kipke; Thomas R. Simon; Susanne B. Montgomery; Christine J. Johnson

1997-01-01

280

A TYPOLOGY OF DRUG-RELATED OFFENDING AMONG YOUNG HOMELESS INJECTION DRUG USERS  

PubMed Central

Research indicates a link between drug use and offending, particularly amongst high-risk individuals, such as homeless youth. The extent to which such youth interpret their offending as being related to their drug use, though, is understudied. This manuscript investigates the interpretations of drug-related offenses offered by 151 primarily white, male, homeless IDUs aged 16–29 years. Youth were asked specific questions about their drug-related offenses during in-depth interviews as part of a larger study investigating health risks surrounding drug injection between 2004 and 2006. The first section of the manuscript outlines offenses youth revealed committing either in pursuit of or after using a variety of substances. The second part of the manuscript examines the overall context (motivation, environment), and provides a seven-tiered typology of drug-related offending based on youth's interpretations, linking certain drugs to specific offenses within particular contexts. From here, some theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson Bloom, Jennifer; Hathaz, Dodi S.

2011-01-01

281

[Condoms and cucumbers. Contact with young people].  

PubMed

In Brazil, NEPAIDS developed an AIDS workshop for 5000 adolescents and young adults attending a night school in a poor urban neighborhood. The found that youth were hoping to thoroughly examine feelings of fear, prejudice, and powerlessness associated with AIDS; sexual pleasure as well as responsibility without linking sex to sickness and death; sexuality, including pregnancy, contraception, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs); inequalities between men and women; and homosexual intercourse. The workshop uses participatory methods such as role playing. The workshop consists of 5 meetings of 3 hours each over several weeks. The first 4 meetings have males and females separated so they can talk freely and think about questions linked to gender. The 2 groups come together during the last meeting. The first meeting focuses on identifying and confronting fears and stereotypes. This allows the youth to realize that they could be exposed to HIV risks and to accept different life styles. The second meeting focuses on sexuality, contraception, and reproduction, since most youth know little about these issues even though many of them are sexually active. During this meeting, participants produce models of body parts associated with sex and reproduction so they can discuss how HIV is transmitted. Sexual practices that reduce the HIV risk and condom use comprise the third meeting. Participants use cucumbers to practice putting on condoms correctly. Communication is the theme of the fourth meeting. Participants practice negotiating skills to refuse unwanted sexual relations, to propose sex without penetration, or to use a condom. Both the young men and young women discuss their different experiences during the other meetings and how they are going to pursue this work without the intervention of adult facilitators. PMID:12292176

Paiva, V; Leme, B

1995-04-01

282

A social semiotic interpretation of suicidal behaviour in young people.  

PubMed

This article presents a study of nurses' and doctors' perceptions of young people who engage in suicidal behaviour. A contemporary view of grounded theory is used to guide the collection and analysis of qualitative data from nurses and doctors working with young people in an accident and emergency department, paediatric medicine and child and adolescent mental health services (adolescent inpatient unit). The analysis of 45 semi-structured interviews generated the category: Processes of communication and associated meanings: Another voice, Complex messages and Seeing and using the social environment. A social semiotic framework is used to explore the way in which nurses and doctors perceive young people who engage in suicidal behaviour. The article concludes by considering the implications for policy and practice. PMID:15857865

Anderson, Martin; Standen, P J; Noon, Joe P

2005-05-01

283

Attitudes towards homeless people among emergency department teachers and learners: a cross-sectional study of medical students and emergency physicians  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students’ attitudes and beliefs about homeless people may be shaped by the attitudes of their teachers and one of the most common sites for learning about homeless patients is the emergency department. The objective of this study was to determine if medical students in the preclinical and clinical years and emergency medicine faculty and residents have different attitudes and beliefs about homeless people. Methods The Health Professional Attitudes Toward the Homeless Inventory (HPATHI), was administered to all medical students, and emergency medicine physicians and residents at a large academic health sciences center in Canada. The HPATHI examines attitudes, interest and confidence on a 5-point Likert scale. Differences among groups were examined using the Kruskal Wallis test and Pearson’s chi-square test. Results The HPATHI was completed by 371 individuals, for an overall response rate of 55%. Analysis of dichotomized median and percentage results revealed 5/18 statements were significant by both methods. On the attitudes subscales physicians and residents as a group were more negative for 2/9 statements and on the confidence subscale more positive for 1/4 statements. The interest subscale achieved overall statistical significance with decreased positive responses among physicians and residents compared to medical students in 2/5 statements. Conclusion This study revealed divergences in attitudes, interests and beliefs among medical students and emergency medicine physicians and residents. We offer strategies for training interventions and systemic support of emergency faculty. Emergency medicine physicians can examine their role in the development of medical students through both formal and informal teaching in the emergency department.

2013-01-01

284

Young people and STDs: a prescription for change.  

PubMed

Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are a major health problem in Uganda. However, since many STDs are not treated within the formal health sector, accurate data on the extent of the problem nationwide are lacking. A 1991 Ministry of Health survey nonetheless found that approximately 20% of hospital outpatient visits could be attributed to STDs. Ugandans, especially young people, who suspect they are infected with a STD often ask drug store proprietors, traditional healers, or family and friends for advice on diagnosis and care. They either delay or never seek care in the formal health sector. This behavior is due in part to the social stigmatization in Uganda of the discussion of sexuality and sexual health related problems. Young people may be too embarrassed to seek clinical care. The often high cost of treatment and the low quality of clinic counseling also discourage people from going to STD clinics. Many young people attending such clinics receive judgmental counseling and conflicting diagnoses which leave them more confused than before seeking care. The author stresses the need for community-based STD education and treatment networks which include the schools, mass media, the national health care system, and youth organizations. Young people need more than just random information and a pharmacist's prescription. PMID:12291848

Kabatesi, D

1996-05-01

285

Alcohol abuse among young people: the inconvenient truth.  

PubMed

People have drunk alcohol for as long as they've known about its existence, and it doesn't appear this will change any time soon. But the amount of alcohol consumed by children and young people in Britain is now spiralling out of control and putting a significant strain on NHS resources. In light of a new report, Alan Glasper discusses how this escalating problem can be tackled. PMID:20220656

Glasper, Alan

286

The Sexuality Education Challenge: Promoting Healthy Sexuality in Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers the insights and perspectives of 39 sexuality educators. The collection of essays, full of theoretical considerations and practical implications, addresses the needs of those responsible for educating young people about sexuality and examines the major issues and concerns of sexuality education within the school setting.…

Drolet, Judy C., Ed.; Clark, Kay, Ed.

287

Comorbidity: Coexisting Substance Use and Mental Disorders in Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young people with comorbid disorders (coexisting mental health and substance use disorders) present with particular issues that can be difficult for service providers, and for the community as a whole, to respond to. They tend to fall between the cracks of mental health services and substance use services, with the outcome often being ineffective…

Howard, John; Stubbs, Matt; Arcuri, Anthony

2007-01-01

288

Considering Young People's Motives for Interactive Media Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people's increasing use of interactive media has led to assertions about possible consequences for education. Rather than following assertions, we argue for theory-driven empirical research as a basis for education renewal. First, we review the existing empirical research, concluding that there is almost no theory-driven research available.…

van den Beemt, Antoine; Akkerman, Sanne; Simons, Robert-Jan

2011-01-01

289

Career Guidance Mentoring for Disengaged Young People. NICEC ICG Briefing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The introduction of mentoring approaches into local career guidance strategies could represent an important method of helping disengaged young people achieve a new sense of direction. The aim of Britain's Mentoring Action Project (MAP) initiative has been to create the opportunity to explore the potential for one-to-one mentoring in career…

Ford, Geoff

290

Changing Directions: Young People and Effective Work against Racism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores effective approaches against racism in work with young people, and the relevance of new policy agendas in the UK. Since the 2001 disturbances, the UK has controversially prioritised "Community Cohesion", with the accusation that this new direction represents the "death of multiculturalism". Drawing on empirical evidence from…

Thomas, Paul; Henri, Tom

2011-01-01

291

Risk Perceptions and Alcohol Consumption among Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Swedish cross-sectional survey data on young individuals was used to analyse the determinants of perceived risks of alcohol use and how these perceptions relate to drinking behaviour. Three major conclusions were drawn: (1) that people overestimate the risks of alcoholism, (2) that these risk perceptions fall substantially with age, but nevertheless imply risk overestimation, and (3) that education about alcohol,

Petter Lundborg; Björn Lindgren

2002-01-01

292

Disengaged and Disaffected Young People: Surviving the System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are counter-narratives of youth as at risk and as buoyant and agentive. The article maps the conceptual terrain concerning resilience, well-being, buoyancy, enjoyment and happiness and selects factors related to the successful navigation of schooling. It analyses data from a subset of a national data set, from 65 young people considered to…

Lumby, Jacky

2012-01-01

293

Emotional Journeys: Young People and Transitions to University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers an interpretation of the role of emotions in understanding the transitions that young people make to university. I draw on qualitative research with a group of non-traditional students, entering elite universities, to argue that youth transitions are emotional as well instrumental affairs. I argue that choice-making processes…

Christie, Hazel

2009-01-01

294

Religion and mental health among Hindu young people in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between mental health and attitude toward their religious tradition among a sample of 330 young people attending the Hindu Youth Festival in London. The participants completed the Santosh–Francis Scale of Attitude toward Hinduism together with the abbreviated form of the Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire which provides measures of neuroticism and

Leslie J. Francis; Mandy Robbins; Romil Santosh; Savita Bhanot

2008-01-01

295

Predictors of Academic Attainments of Young People with Down's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Earlier studies of young people with Down's syndrome have investigated a relatively limited range of variables which may influence their academic attainment. The relative strength of such influences and how they may vary during the school career, has also been under-researched. Aims: The aim of the paper is to identify the…

Turner, S.; Alborz, A.; Gayle, V.

2008-01-01

296

Young people, alcohol, and designer drinks: quantitative and qualitative study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine the appeal of "designer drinks" to young people. DESIGN: Qualitative and quantitative research comprising group discussions and questionnaire led interviews with young people accompanied by a self completion questionnaire. SETTINGS: Argyll and Clyde Health Board area, west Scotland. SUBJECTS: Eight groups aged 12-17 years; 824 aged 12-17 recruited by multistage cluster probability sample from the community health index. RESULTS: Young people were familiar with designer drinks, especially MD 20/20 and leading brands of strong white cider. Attitudes towards these drinks varied quite distinctly with age, clearly reflecting their attitudes towards and motivations for drinking in general. The brand imagery of designer drinks-in contrast with that of more mainstream drinks-matched many 14 and 15 year olds' perceptions and expectations of drinking. Popularity of designer drinks peaked between the ages of 13 and 16 while more conventional drinks showed a consistent increase in popularity with age. Consumption of designer drinks tended to be in less controlled circumstances and was associated with heavier alcohol intake and greater drunkenness. CONCLUSIONS: Designer drinks are a cause for concern. They appeal to young people, often more so than conventional drinks, and are particularly attractive to 14-16 year olds. Consumption of designer drinks is also associated with drinking in less controlled environments, heavier drinking, and greater drunkenness. There is a need for policy debate to assess the desirability of these drinks and the extent to which further controls on their marketing are required.

Hughes, K.; MacKintosh, A. M.; Hastings, G.; Wheeler, C.; Watson, J.; Inglis, J.

1997-01-01

297

The Educational and Professional Trajectories of Working Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The dynamism of social processes, the development of technologies, and the modernization of industrial production require raising the education and qualifications of blue-collar workers, particularly working young people. This accounts for the focus on problems of that group's formation, their integration into society, their acquisition and…

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2012-01-01

298

Changing Directions: Young People and Effective Work against Racism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores effective approaches against racism in work with young people, and the relevance of new policy agendas in the UK. Since the 2001 disturbances, the UK has controversially prioritised "Community Cohesion", with the accusation that this new direction represents the "death of multiculturalism". Drawing on empirical evidence from…

Thomas, Paul; Henri, Tom

2011-01-01

299

"Strong in Their Minds": Young People's Poems across an Ocean  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article stresses the quality of universality within young people's poetry. The writer uses the poetry mainly written by children of Pakistani origin living in Pitsmoor and Fir Vale in north-east Sheffield, Yorkshire, England, as a stimulus for the creative writing of children of the Mohawk nation in the reservation school of Tyendinaga…

Searle, Chris

2009-01-01

300

Conflict Experience: A Phenomenological Study among Young People in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to investigate how young people in Sweden experience conflicts. The study is phenomenological, which means that the focus is on the essence of the investigated experience. Data have been collected by self-reports and analyzed with the help of an empirical phenomenological method. The research process has resulted in…

Szklarski, Andrzej

2007-01-01

301

“No more excuses!”: Young people, victims and making amends  

Microsoft Academic Search

The title of this paper, borrowed from a government White Paper, is concerned to explore the viability of the proposed stance towards youth crime and disorder exemplified in the UK Crime and Disorder Act 1998. In that legislation, much is made of the notion of ‘making amends’ as a way of informing young people of both the nature and the

Sandra Walklate

1998-01-01

302

Under the Greenwood Tree: Shakespeare for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This illustrated collection of poetic excerpts from the plays and sonnets of William Shakespeare is designed to be read and appreciated by young people. The 39 excerpts in the collection follow the "7 ages of man" pattern from childhood to old age. The collection's introduction by the famous Shakespearean scholar, A.L. Rowse, recounts…

Holdridge, Barbara, Ed.

303

Beyond Anne Frank: Recent Holocaust Literature for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Hopes that teachers will expose students to many personal narratives, novels, poems, and other works from the vast body of Holocaust literature. Presents annotations of 21 recent Holocaust books for young people (published between 1994 and 2001) including fiction, nonfiction, personal narratives, and picture books. (SG)|

Sullivan, Ed

2002-01-01

304

Young People, Citizenship and Citizenship Education in Zimbabwe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizenship education in Zimbabwe is based on the claim that young people lack citizenship virtues. This study set out to investigate these assumptions by assessing high school students' knowledge of, attitudes towards and participation levels in citizenship issues. Findings show that while students are knowledgeable about citizenship issues they…

Sigauke, Aaron T.

2012-01-01

305

Access to Higher Education and Disadvantaged Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will highlight the difficulties faced by qualified but disadvantaged young people in accessing higher education. This is an issue which has strong implications for education policy, economic efficiency and social justice. Over the past two decades, despite large increases in overall access to higher education, the gap in level of participation between the most affluent and most disadvantaged

ALASDAIR FORSYTH; ANDY FURLONG

2003-01-01

306

Securing a Sustainable Future for Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines why sustainable development matters for children and young people, and explores the relevant policy context in England and the UK. It asks whether enough is being carried out by central government to secure a more sustainable future for, and with, today's children. More is needed at the national policy level to: embed…

Renton, Zoe; Butcher, Joanne

2010-01-01

307

Cyberbullying: Through the Eyes of Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The topic of cyberbullying is raising international debate and concern. Through the development and dissemination of a questionnaire 12 student researchers were supported in surveying 325 UK students across Years 7, 8 and 9 to gain further knowledge of this area, in relation to children and young people. Results were analysed and comparisons made…

Ackers, Melanie Jane

2012-01-01

308

Cyberbullying: through the eyes of children and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of cyberbullying is raising international debate and concern. Through the development and dissemination of a questionnaire 12 student researchers were supported in surveying 325 UK students across Years 7, 8 and 9 to gain further knowledge of this area, in relation to children and young people. Results were analysed and comparisons made between gender and age, allowing conclusions

Melanie Jane Ackers

2012-01-01

309

Sexual Health Services and Education: Young People's Experiences and Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To examine young people's requirements and perceptions of sexual health services and education in the context of their experience of sexual relationships and knowledge of sexual health. Design: A questionnaire based cohort study. Setting: Three hundred and sixty Year 11 students (aged 15-16 years) surveyed in three Secondary Schools.…

Reeves, C.; Whitaker, R.; Parsonage, R. K.; Robinson, C. A.; Swale, K.; Bayley, L.

2006-01-01

310

Deconstructing Digital Natives: Young People, Technology, and the New Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There have been many attempts to define the generation of students who emerged with the Web and new digital technologies in the early 1990s. The term "digital native" refers to the generation born after 1980, which has grown up in a world where digital technologies and the internet are a normal part of everyday life. Young people belonging to…

Thomas, Michael, Ed.

2011-01-01

311

Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides the text for United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Charter for the Protection of Children and Young People. This document is part of a special collection of resources in the journal that address sexual abuse and the growing number of both confirmed and alleged cases of pedophilia and sexual abuse within the Catholic Church. (RC)|

Momentum, 2002

2002-01-01

312

Promoting the participation of children and young people in care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: There are particular reasons why it is important for children and young people in care to have some say in the decisions that are made about their lives. The aim of this paper is to outline these and to review the developments and the research concerning the participation of children in care in processes and decisions that affect them.Method:

Judy Cashmore

2002-01-01

313

Television and Young People's Reading Behaviour: A Review of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of the available research evidence this article examines whether television induces young people to read less and to develop a preference for qualitatively inferior reading material. Several hypotheses proposing mechanisms by which television is supposed to stimulate or reduce reading are discussed. The findings are inconclusive but most studies suggest that television reduces the amount of reading.

Johannes W. J. Beentjes

1989-01-01

314

YOUNG PEOPLE – THE TORCH BEARERS OF FUTURE UK ENTREPRENEURSHIP (SUMMARY)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing youth entrepreneurial capacity as been on the political agenda for many years, initially it was a response to tackle youth unemployment (Greene, 2002; Schoof and Haftendorn, 2004). There is recognition and increased focus on the importance of embedding enterprise in the school curriculum (Kourilsky and Walstad, 1998) as a way of developing the skills required by young people to

David Brooksbank; Dylan Jones-Evans; Caleb Kwong; Piers Thompson; Robert Williams

2007-01-01

315

The Housing Problems of Young People in European Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems faced by young people seeking housing are examined. Detailed information is given for England and implications are drawn for other western European countries. The paper reviews some of the major social trends for youth. Routes out of the parental home are described in terms of demographic data and socioeconomic values. It is shown that…

Burton, Paul

316

Drugs Education and Prevention for School-Aged Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drug misuse in Northern Ireland, like many parts of the world, is becoming one of the major issues facing society today. A first stage to addressing this problem is effective drugs education and prevention strategies to school-aged young people. A survey of a range of education providers including mainstream and special needs schools, and school…

McCrystal, Patrick; Winning, Kerry

2009-01-01

317

Plague and Paideia: Sabotage in Devising Theatre with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ethnography, completed by the classroom teacher in a publicly funded secondary school in Mississauga, Canada, explores issues of conflict and sabotage that affected a devising project with suburban young people. The processes of devising generated ethnographic data that included a play script and videotaped rehearsals and performances. As…

Wessels, Anne

2012-01-01

318

Parental influences on young people's sexual behaviour: A longitudinal analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both family structure and processes have been associated with young people's sexual behaviour, but most studies are cross-sectional and focus on only one outcome: age at first intercourse. This paper uses longitudinal data from a survey of Scottish teenagers (N=5041) to show how low parental monitoring predicts early sexual activity for both sexes (with some reverse causation), and for females

Daniel Wight; Lisa Williamson; Marion Henderson

2006-01-01

319

Physical Activity among Young People in the Context of Lifestyle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The promotion of a healthy lifestyle is the main goal of physical education in many countries. However, very little is known about the relationship between different lifestyles and physical activity patterns among young people. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lifestyle and physical activity among 12- and…

Telama, Risto; Nupponen, Heimo; Pieron, Maurice

2005-01-01

320

Considering Young People's Motives for Interactive Media Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young people's increasing use of interactive media has led to assertions about possible consequences for education. Rather than following assertions, we argue for theory-driven empirical research as a basis for education renewal. First, we review the existing empirical research, concluding that there is almost no theory-driven research available.…

van den Beemt, Antoine; Akkerman, Sanne; Simons, Robert-Jan

2011-01-01

321

Young people, smoking and gender—a qualitative exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smoking among young people has become increasingly gendered. In several countries, smoking among adolescent girls is now higher than among adolescent boys. However, we have only a limited understanding of the reasons behind these gender patterns. This paper re- ports the findings from a qualitative study which used single-sex focus groups to explore the gendered nature of the meaning and

Amanda Amos; Yvonne Bostock

2007-01-01

322

Getting the Message: The Communication for Young People Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Communication for Young People project was a mass media campaign developed around two songs and related products such as videos, posters, and media kits. The social messages of the materials were well-understood and accepted. Both qualitative and quan...

D. L. Kincaid J. R. J. Elias P. Coleman F. Segura

1988-01-01

323

Listening to Young People with Physical Disabilities' Experiences of Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a general acceptance that inclusion is morally and ethically the most appropriate form of education. However, more research needs to focus on how best to accommodate and support the educational needs of all students, including those with physical disabilities. Listening to young people with physical disabilities talk about their educational experiences is one way to do this. The

Michael Curtin; Gill Clarke

2005-01-01

324

Sexting, consent and young people's ethics: Beyond Megan's Story  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article contrasts the Megan's Story campaign, a recent Australian media and policy response to sexting (the act of taking and transmitting naked or semi-naked pictures via mobile phones) with interview responses drawn from an Australian study that has asked young people about mobiles and sexting. It considers local and international responses to sexting as ‘child pornography,’ raising questions about

Kath Albury; Kate Crawford

2012-01-01

325

Young People and Prostitution: An End to the Beginning?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines some reasons for the failure to protect young people in England and Wales from sexual abuse inherent in prostitution. Identifies characteristics of the child protection system which fit poorly for work with these youth. Argues that lasting improvement of these children's well-being depends on the creation of "joined-up," integrated,…

Ayre, Patrick; Barrett, David

2000-01-01

326

Territorialities in Scotland: perceptions of young people in Glasgow  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an exploratory, small-scale qualitative research enquiry into the perceptions and experiences of young people in communities afflicted by deprivation in Glasgow, Scotland's largest city. The context within which we address this focus contains a culture reputed to involve sectarianism, territoriality and gangs. Glasgow has a reputation for being a ‘hard place’. The official crime

Christopher Peter Holligan; Ross Deuchar

2009-01-01

327

Young People's Computer Use: Implications for Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increasing numbers of young people use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for education, work and leisure activities. Research on ICT and Upper Limb Disorders (ULDs) in adults has shown that functional impairment, pain and discomfort in the upper limbs, neck and shoulder increases with frequency and duration of exposure to computer…

Alexander, Leslie M.; Currie, Candace

2004-01-01

328

Technology, Learning Communities and Young People: The Future Something Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Future Something Project" ("FSP"), a two-year action research project, was devised to nurture the creative and technological talent of small groups of young people at risk by creating a structured network, mentored and driven by creative professionals exploring innovative ways for the two distinct target groups to work together. The project…

Herne, Steve; Adams, Jeff; Atkinson, Dennis; Dash, Paul; Jessel, John

2013-01-01

329

Physical activity among young people in the context of lifestyle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The promotion of a healthy lifestyle is the main goal of physical education in many countries. However, very little is known about the relationship between different life styles and physical activity patterns among young people. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lifestyle and physical activity among 12- and 15-year-old boys and girls in Belgium and

Risto Telama; Heimo Nupponen; Maurice Piéron

2005-01-01

330

Securing a Sustainable Future for Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines why sustainable development matters for children and young people, and explores the relevant policy context in England and the UK. It asks whether enough is being carried out by central government to secure a more sustainable future for, and with, today's children. More is needed at the national policy level to: embed…

Renton, Zoe; Butcher, Joanne

2010-01-01

331

A New Twist: Fostering Creative Career Exploration in Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The task of making a career decision can seem daunting for many young people. Careers do not always follow a straightforward, logical trajectory, and chance events can define or change the course of one's career path. Youth may benefit from a learning environment designed to guide the imagining and inventing of their future. A wide range of…

Shepard, Blythe; Shoop, Else

332

Plague and Paideia: Sabotage in Devising Theatre with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This ethnography, completed by the classroom teacher in a publicly funded secondary school in Mississauga, Canada, explores issues of conflict and sabotage that affected a devising project with suburban young people. The processes of devising generated ethnographic data that included a play script and videotaped rehearsals and performances. As…

Wessels, Anne

2012-01-01

333

In-Company Trainers of Young People in Irish Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of the training of the in-company trainer of young people in Ireland was conducted from January through March 1988. Directors of training and the trainers themselves were interviewed in 15 companies. An additional 50 trainers responded to a mailed questionnaire. Trainers were primarily men in their thirties with a background in teaching,…

McGennis, Brenda; Scott, Liam

334

Young People's Intended Civic and Political Participation: Does Education Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizenship education was introduced as a statutory subject in England in September 2002 with the aim of promoting civic and political engagement. However, whilst education is undoubtedly a powerful socialisation force, it is not the only factor that is likely to influence young people's civic and political participation. Political science…

Lopes, Joana; Benton, Thomas; Cleaver, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

335

Sexual perceptions and practices of young people in Northern Thailand.  

PubMed

This study draws together survey and qualitative data on sexual practices among more than 1,750 young Northern Thai people aged 17-20 years. The survey data indicate that sexually active young people frequently engage in, or are subjected to, risk-taking behaviours that may expose them to sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. These include having multiple sexual partners and quite frequent partner turnover. High percentages also engage in unprotected sexual intercourse with various types of sexual partner (steady, casual and paid), and young women especially had often experienced sexual coercion. Qualitative data revealed a mixture of perceptions and practices affecting sexual intercourse among the young, such as having unplanned sex, engaging in sexual relations to display love or cement committed relationships, and having serial relationships, both monogamous and non-monogamous. We conclude that condom use should be a central focus of activities aimed at preventing adverse sexual health outcomes, but that new intervention approaches to encourage use of other contraceptives are also needed. Changes in sexual norms among young people also need to be acknowledged and accepted by older Thai generations in order for programs and interventions to combat negative sexual and reproductive health consequences to be more effective. PMID:22319025

Tangmunkongvorakul, Arunrat; Carmichael, Gordon; Banwell, Cathy; Utomo, Iwu Dwisetyani; Sleigh, Adrian

2011-05-01

336

Sexual perceptions and practices of young people in Northern Thailand  

PubMed Central

This study draws together survey and qualitative data on sexual practices among more than 1,750 young Northern Thai people aged 17-20 years. The survey data indicate that sexually active young people frequently engage in, or are subjected to, risk-taking behaviours that may expose them to sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. These include having multiple sexual partners and quite frequent partner turnover. High percentages also engage in unprotected sexual intercourse with various types of sexual partner (steady, casual and paid), and young women especially had often experienced sexual coercion. Qualitative data revealed a mixture of perceptions and practices affecting sexual intercourse among the young, such as having unplanned sex, engaging in sexual relations to display love or cement committed relationships, and having serial relationships, both monogamous and non-monogamous. We conclude that condom use should be a central focus of activities aimed at preventing adverse sexual health outcomes, but that new intervention approaches to encourage use of other contraceptives are also needed. Changes in sexual norms among young people also need to be acknowledged and accepted by older Thai generations in order for programs and interventions to combat negative sexual and reproductive health consequences to be more effective.

Tangmunkongvorakul, Arunrat; Carmichael, Gordon; Banwell, Cathy; Utomo, Iwu Dwisetyani; Sleigh, Adrian

2011-01-01

337

The Relationship Between Homelessness and Mental Health Among Alumni of Foster Care: Results From the Casey Young Adult Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between history of homelessness and current mental health symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 542 alumni of foster care (ages 19, 22, and 25 years). Approximately one in five (19.8%) alumni of foster care experienced homelessness since leaving care, and alumni experienced symptoms of psychological disorders associated with PTSD at rates significantly higher

Catherine Roller White; Anne H. Gallegos; Kirk OBrien; Susan Weisberg; Peter J. Pecora; Rebecca Medina

2011-01-01

338

A Risk-Amplification Model of Victimization and Depressive Symptoms Among Runaway and Homeless Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is an examination of a theoretical model of risk amplification within a sample of 255 homeless and runaway adolescents. The young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters in urban centers of four Midwestern states. Separate models were examined for males (n = 102) and females (n = 153). Results indicated that street experiences such as

Les B. Whitbeck; Dan R. Hoyt; Kevin A. Yoder

1999-01-01

339

Out of work and house and home: Contested youth in an english homeless hostel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on fieldwork in England, this article considers a group of unemployed teenagers in occasional residence at a hostel for the homeless, examining their attitudes to work, welfare and adulthood. Interactions between the hostel staff and these young people are discussed. Staff and residents are shown to be at odds over how best to make sense of and respond to

Tom Hall

2006-01-01

340

Risk Factors for Sexual Victimization Among Male and Female Homeless and Runaway Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Risk factors associated with the likelihood of being sexually victimized by a stranger or friend/acquaintance since being on the street was examined among 372 homeless and runaway youth. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers using a systematic sampling strategy. Youth who engaged in more high-risk…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Cauce, Ana Mari

2004-01-01

341

Homelessness: a problem for primary care?  

PubMed Central

Homelessness is a social problem that affects all facets of contemporary society. This paper discusses the concept of homelessness in terms of its historical context and the dominance of the pervasive 'victim blaming' ideologies, which, together with the worldwide economic changes that have contributed to a fiscal crisis of the state, and the resultant policies and circumstances, have led to an increase in the number of 'new homeless' people. This paper attempts to challenge the dominant political discourse on homelessness. The widespread healthcare problems and heterogeneity of homeless people have a particular impact on health services, with many homeless people inappropriately accessing local accident and emergency (A&E) departments because of barriers inhibiting adequate access to primary care. A number of primary care schemes have been successfully implemented to enable the homeless to have better access to appropriate care. However, there is no consistency in the level of services around the United Kingdom (UK), and innovations in service are not widespread and by their nature they are ad hoc. Despite the successes of such schemes, many homeless people still access health care inappropriately. Until homeless people are fully integrated into primary care the situation will not change. The question remains, how can appropriate access be established? A start can be made by building on some of the positive work that is already being done in primary care, but in reality general practitioners (GPs) will be 'swimming against the tide' unless a more integrated policy approach is adopted to tackle homelessness.

Riley, Anthony J; Harding, Geoffrey; Underwood, Martin R; Carter, Yvonne H

2003-01-01

342

Subjective Wellbeing and its Meaning for Young People in a Rural Australian Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia, wellbeing has been used as an assessment of how young people are doing by health researchers, youth researchers\\u000a and psychologists. The concept ‚wellbeing’ is increasingly applied to young people in their late teens and early twenties\\u000a with little discussion of young people’s perspectives. Using quantitative measures of subjective wellbeing as well as qualitative\\u000a interviews to allow young people

Lisa Bourke; Paula M. Geldens

2007-01-01

343

Cardiovascular disease risk in young people with type 1 diabetes.  

PubMed

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most frequent cause of death in people with type 1 diabetes (T1D), despite modern advances in glycemic control and CVD risk factor modification. CVD risk identification is essential in this high-risk population, yet remains poorly understood. This review discusses the risk factors for CVD in young people with T1D, including hyperglycemia, traditional CVD risk factors (dyslipidemia, smoking, physical activity, hypertension), as well as novel risk factors such as insulin resistance, inflammation, and hypoglycemia. We present evidence that adverse changes in cardiovascular function, arterial compliance, and atherosclerosis are present even during adolescence in people with T1D, highlighting the need for earlier intervention. The methods for investigating cardiovascular risk are discussed and reviewed. Finally, we discuss the observational studies and clinical trials which have thus far attempted to elucidate the best targets for early intervention in order to reduce the burden of CVD in people with T1D. PMID:22528676

Snell-Bergeon, Janet K; Nadeau, Kristen

2012-04-12

344

Impaired Immune Function in a Homeless Population with Stress-Related Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Homeless people suffer high levels of psychological distress. The aim of the present work was to study the immune function in a group of homeless people with stress-related disorders and compare it with that of healthy non-homeless controls. Methods: We included in the study 40 homeless persons and 40 housed controls recruited from the population of Madrid and matched

Lorena Arranz; Aída de Vicente; Manuel Muñoz; Mónica De la Fuente

2009-01-01

345

Being a Deaf Role Model: Deaf People's Experiences of Working with Families and Deaf Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The experiences of being a deaf role model have been little explored in the literature. This paper explores the role of the deaf role model as perceived by d/Deaf adults who carried out this role, when working with deaf young people, parents of deaf children, and professionals who work with them. The data were collected from part of the…

Rogers, Katherine D.; Young, Alys M.

2011-01-01

346

How is technology seen in young people’s visions of future education systems?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research captured the views of young people regarding their views of ‘how learning should be in the future’. Four focus groups were run with different groups of school?age pupils. The ways in which technology was seen within these discussions were analysed. The findings noted that the explicit use of technological innovations, and predicted innovations, was rarely seen as having

Kieron Sheehy; Sue Bucknall

2008-01-01

347

Being a Deaf Role Model: Deaf People's Experiences of Working with Families and Deaf Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experiences of being a deaf role model have been little explored in the literature. This paper explores the role of the deaf role model as perceived by d/Deaf adults who carried out this role, when working with deaf young people, parents of deaf children, and professionals who work with them. The data were collected from part of the evaluation…

Rogers, Katherine D.; Young, Alys M.

2011-01-01

348

Is body composition important in young people’s weight management decision-making?  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIM: Young people are often seen as an important target for prevention of overweight, but we know little about the factors which are important for their weight management decisions. This study aimed to evaluate the extent to which elements of body composition and dimensions were implicated in their decisions to change their weight.PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 116 male and 126 female

A Page; KR Fox

1998-01-01

349

Identifying young people's guidance needs through telephone counseling.  

PubMed

This study examined the needs that young people in Guadalajara, in the state of Jalisco, Mexico, expressed in phone calls to a research unit of the Mexican Social Security Institute. Three hundred forty-five calls, from individuals 11 to 24 years old who phoned from June 1995 to November 1998, were analyzed. Two hundred ninety-four of the callers were female and 51 were male. Greater percentages of females than males called to ask about sexuality and family problems. Males more than females asked about reproductive health (particularly pregnancy) and mental health. There were significant differences by gender and age, differences that were not detected in health service statistics. The findings have implications for decision makers and health and education service providers. They point to the need for programs that will reinforce young people's good health practices and help them avoid risky behaviors. PMID:11407633

Rasmussen Cruz, B; Hidalgo San Martín, A; Nuño Gutiérrez, B L; Villaseñor Farías, M; Sahagún Mora, I

2001-01-01

350

Inflammatory factors, physical activity, and physical fitness in young people.  

PubMed

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Over the past decade there has been much focus on the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis; to this end, there is increasing research on inflammatory factors such as C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and fibrinogen (Fg). There is compelling evidence that physical activity (PA) and physical fitness (PF) protect against chronic disease. More recently, research has shown that exercise reduces CRP, IL-6, and Fg concentration in adults, and that this is often independent of adiposity. Although there are some data to suggest that this is similarly true for young people, there is inconsistency in the literature. The following review aims to illustrate what is known about the effects of PA and PF on inflammatory factors in young people aged 5-18 years. PMID:18627553

Thomas, N E; Williams, D R R

2008-07-09

351

Sexual health education interventions for young people: a methodological review.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES--To locate reports of sexual health education interventions for young people, assess the methodological quality of evaluations, identify the subgroup with a methodologically sound design, and assess the evidence with respect to the effectiveness of different approaches to promoting young people's sexual health. DESIGN--Survey of reports in English by means of electronic databases and hand searches for relevant studies conducted in the developed world since 1982. Papers were reviewed for eight methodological qualities. The evidence on effectiveness generated by studies meeting four core criteria was assessed. Judgments on effectiveness by reviewers and authors were compared. PAPERS--270 papers reporting sexual health interventions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--The methodological quality of evaluations. RESULTS--73 reports of evaluations of sexual health interventions examining the effectiveness of these interventions in changing knowledge, attitudes, or behavioural outcomes were identified, of which 65 were separate outcome evaluations. Of these studies, 45 (69%) lacked random control groups, 44 (68%) failed to present preintervention and 38 (59%) postintervention data, and 26 (40%) omitted to discuss the relevance of loss of data caused by drop outs. Only 12 (18%) of the 65 outcome evaluations were judged to be methodologically sound. Academic reviewers were more likely than authors to judge studies as unclear because of design faults. Only two of the sound evaluations recorded interventions which were effective in showing an impact on young people's sexual behaviour. CONCLUSIONS--The design of evaluations in sexual health intervention needs to be improved so that reliable evidence of the effectiveness of different approaches to promoting young people's sexual health may be generated.

Oakley, A.; Fullerton, D.; Holland, J.; Arnold, S.; France-Dawson, M.; Kelley, P.; McGrellis, S.

1995-01-01

352

Music preferences and young people's attitudes towards spending and saving  

Microsoft Academic Search

We aimed to find patterns among young people's music preferences in relation to their attitudes towards saving or spending money. Previous research found that certain music genres (e.g. rap and dance) are associated with impulsive behaviour and a pleasure-seeking lifestyle. Other music genres (e.g. classical and oldies) are associated with more adult-approved lifestyles, such as doing well in school. Our

Ambrose Leung; Cheryl Kier

2010-01-01

353

Supporting the Web Experience of Young People with Learning Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The paper describes a test setup to survey the needs of young people with learning disabilities with regard to additional\\u000a functions that could support their use of the web. Via an HTML mock-up, different iconic representations of buttons to invoke\\u000a these additional functions as well as different placements of the buttons were explored. Results with N=34 indicate that study\\u000a participants

Harald Weber; Cordula Edler

2010-01-01

354

‘Instrumental’ playing? Cultural policy and young people's community music participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over recent years, young people's participation in small?scale, locally based arts activities has increasingly come to be viewed by policy?makers as capable of playing a valuable role in both re?engaging ‘at?risk’ youth with mainstream education and providing a means through which communities might combat social exclusion. For some commentators, however, the political imperatives underpinning this approach sit uncomfortably with the

Mark Rimmer

2009-01-01

355

Children and Young People with Disability: Management and Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Support for children and young people with disabling conditions and their families is a hallmark of a civilized society. A\\u000a host of conditions can present to the orthopaedic surgeon, both known complications of the disorder and as conditions seen\\u000a in the general population (see Table 3.1). Through early diagnosis, new therapeutic interventions, and better social and health\\u000a care, children are

Zoë M. Dunhill

356

Behavioural and social correlates of sedentary time in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveIn this study, behavioural and social correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in young people were identified.DesignCross-sectional analysis of data from the European Youth Heart Study (EYHS).SettingSchools in Denmark, Estonia, Portugal and Norway.ParticipantsRespondents were invited using a twostage cluster sampling procedure. Analyses include 2107 children (9–10 years old) and adolescents (14–15 years old).Assessment of independent variablesSeven behavioural and 15 social

E. M. F. van Sluijs; A. Page; Y. Ommundsen; S. J. Griffin

2010-01-01

357

Risk in the Education of Young People: A Roundtable  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a roundtable discussion on the risk in the education of young people in Russia. Participants were as follows: (1) Iu.A. Zubok; (2) A.I. Kovaleva; (3) D.L. Konstantinovskii; (4) V.A. Lukov; (5) V.Ia. Nechaev; (6) N.L. Smakotina; (7) V.I. Chuprov; (8) V.I. Zubkov; (9) Iu.V. Goliusova; (10) E.G. Panteleev; (11) I.A. Seleznev;…

Russian Education and Society, 2007

2007-01-01

358

Price, public policy, and smoking in young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of cigarette taxes, limits on public smoking, laws regulating access to tobacco by young people, and exposure to pro-tobacco and anti-tobacco messages on smoking participation and the intention to smoke among ninth-grade students (aged 13-16). DATA SOURCES: Two cross-sectional, school-based surveys (total of 15432 responses) of ninth-grade students conducted in 21 North American communities in

E M Lewit; A Hyland; N Kerrebrock; K M Cummings

1997-01-01

359

Jobs, Welfare and Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides objective information about the relationship of poverty, welfare, and homelessness to California's regional economy and about the design of programs that help people in poverty build working lives. California does not have enough jobs for its workforce, and welfare caseloads are consequently determined by the economy. The…

Einbinder, Susan; And Others

360

Racism and health among urban Aboriginal young people  

PubMed Central

Background Racism has been identified as an important determinant of health but few studies have explored associations between racism and health outcomes for Australian Aboriginal young people in urban areas. Methods Cross sectional data from participants aged 12-26 years in Wave 1 of the Victorian Aboriginal Health Service's Young People's Project were included in hierarchical logistic regression models. Overall mental health, depression and general health were all considered as outcomes with self-reported racism as the exposure, adjusting for a range of relevant confounders. Results Racism was reported by a high proportion (52.3%) of participants in this study. Self-reported racism was significantly associated with poor overall mental health (OR 2.67, 95% CI 1.25-5.70, p = 0.01) and poor general health (OR 2.17, 95% CI 1.03-4.57, p = 0.04), and marginally associated with increased depression (OR 2.0; 95% CI 0.97-4.09, p = 0.06) in the multivariate models. Number of worries and number of friends were both found to be effect modifiers for the association between self-reported racism and overall mental health. Getting angry at racist remarks was found to mediate the relationship between self-reported racism and general health. Conclusions This study highlights the need to acknowledge and address racism as an important determinant of health and wellbeing for Aboriginal young people in urban areas of Australia.

2011-01-01

361

Young people, smoking and gender--a qualitative exploration.  

PubMed

Smoking among young people has become increasingly gendered. In several countries, smoking among adolescent girls is now higher than among adolescent boys. However, we have only a limited understanding of the reasons behind these gender patterns. This paper reports the findings from a qualitative study which used single-sex focus groups to explore the gendered nature of the meaning and function of smoking among Scottish 15- to 16-year old smokers. The study found that young people were ambivalent about their smoking but that this was somewhat different for boys and girls. These differences related to their social worlds, pattern of social relationships, interests, activities and concerns, the meanings they attached to smoking and the role smoking played in dealing with the everyday experience of being a boy or girl in their mid-teens. For example, boys were concerned about the impact of smoking on their fitness and sport, whereas girls were more concerned about the negative aesthetic effects such as their clothes and bodies smelling of smoke. Of particular importance was how smoking related in different ways to the gendered 'identity work' that adolescents had to undertake to achieve a socially and culturally acceptable image. The implications for programmes aimed at reducing smoking among young people, particularly the need for more gender-sensitive approaches, are discussed. PMID:16908497

Amos, Amanda; Bostock, Yvonne

2006-08-14

362

Desistance from crime: reflections on the transitional experiences of young people with a history of offending  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to explore the complexities involved in young people's attempts to move away from criminal activity. This paper draws on qualitative data from a study that aimed to identify how young people negotiate transitions away from offending. The paper argues that an analysis of the subtle shifts in young people's perceptions and interpretations of their

Yvonne Haigh

2009-01-01

363

Psychological Change in Distressed Young People Who Do Not Receive Counselling: Does Improvement Happen Anyway?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this article is to explore self-healing processes in young people, and to develop an understanding of the effects of school-based counselling (SBC), by analysing changes in young people who did not receive this intervention. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 young people on a waiting list for SBC. Participants…

Daniunaite, Akvile; Ahmad Ali, Zenib; Cooper, Mick

2012-01-01

364

Initiatives to support disadvantaged young people: enhancing social capital and acknowledging personal capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on findings from ethnographic research which explored the impact of the Connexions initiative on the lives of young people. The fieldwork took place in three drop-in centres for young people, all of which were delivery sites for Connexions. Utilising the theoretical concepts of identity and self-esteem, it grounded this exploration in an understanding of young people

Rosemary F. Phillips

2010-01-01

365

Brief Report: Young People at Risk for Eating Disorders in Southeast Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A representative sample of 7-14-year-old young people in southeast Brazil (N=1251) was assessed using standardized parent and youth interviews, thereby identifying an "at-risk" group of young people who met one or more DSM-IV criteria for anorexia and/or bulimia nervosa. These young people were compared with an age and gender matched comparison…

Moya, Tatiana; Fleitlich-Bilyk, Bacy; Goodman, Robert

2006-01-01

366

Model Projects for Early Intervention in the Mental Health of Young People: Reorientation of Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Early Intervention Network for Mental Health in Young People (AusEinet) was established to coordinate a national approach to early intervention for mental health in young people. The approach has three streams: (1) development and maintenance of a national early intervention network for mental health in young people; (2)…

O'Hanlon, Anne; Kosky, Robert; Martin, Graham; Dundas, Pauline; Davis, Cathy

367

Housing Pathways of Disabled Young People: Evidence for Policy and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies of disabled young people's housing experiences focus on structural constraints, with little attention given to the role of young people themselves in shaping their housing biographies. Using Clapham's (2002) housing pathways framework, this paper reflects on new empirical data to examine interactions between structure, agency and wider discourses in the housing pathways of disabled young people. The paper

Peter K. Mackie

2012-01-01

368

Subjective Wellbeing and Its Meaning for Young People in a Rural Australian Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, wellbeing has been used as an assessment of how young people are doing by health researchers, youth researchers and psychologists. The concept "wellbeing" is increasingly applied to young people in their late teens and early twenties with little discussion of young people's perspectives. Using quantitative measures of subjective…

Bourke, Lisa; Geldens, Paula M.

2007-01-01

369

Sexual Beginners: Accounting for First Sexual Intercourse in Italian Young People's Heterosexual Biographies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on survey data of 1000 young people aged 18-29 and semi-structured interviews with 51 young people aged 18-34 living in a north-western Italian region, the article explores how they account for their first heterosexual intercourse. Young people describe and make sense of their experiences by referring to sexual scripts; narrative sequences…

Ferrero Camoletto, Raffaella

2011-01-01

370

Setting the Baseline: The National Literacy Trust's First Annual Survey into Young People's Reading--2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

18,141 young people aged 8 to 17 participated in this online survey in November/December 2010. While the survey focuses on young people's attitudes towards reading, writing, communication skills as well as technology use, this report focuses exclusively on the reading aspect of the survey. More specifically, it explores how much young people enjoy…

Clark, Christina

2011-01-01

371

Global Selves: Marginalised Young People and Aesthetic Reflexivity in Inhalant Drug Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociologists have observed that young people increasingly draw on global as well as local images in their constructions of individual selfhood. This article provides a narrative analysis of stories of inhalant use-induced hallucination, drawn from interviews conducted with young people in Melbourne, Australia. Young people's stories of the hallucinations they experience while using inhalants frequently reference the narratives, images and

Sarah MacLean

2007-01-01

372

Kidding Around? Be Serious! A Commitment to Safe Service Opportunities for Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book deals with the topic of young people in service. Based on the belief that young people can be engaged in many valuable community service activities with the energy and spontaneity that is unique to youth, this book attempts to provide information for organizations to implement risk management plans to protect these young people from…

Seidman, Anna; Patterson, John

373

Mental Health Disorders in Children and Young People: Scope, Cause and Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To review the scope and characteristics of mental health disorders in children and young people in Australia; detail some emerging concepts of the causal pathways of mental health disorders in children and young people; and discuss aspects of the prevention of mental health disorders and the promotion of mental health in children and young people.Method: An integrated review of

Stephen R. Zubrick; Sven R. Silburn; Paul Burton; Eve Blair

2000-01-01

374

Multi?linear strategies for (re)presenting the complexity of young people in research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the current climate of unpredictability and constant change, young people at school are faced with a multitude of choices and contradictory influences. In this article, I argue that (re)presentations of young people in youth research need to reflect the complexity and multiplicity of their lives and changing priorities, and I attempt to (re)present a small group of young people

Mary Elizabeth Ryan

2010-01-01

375

“Queer Eye” for Social Work: Rethinking Pedagogy and Practice with Same-sex Attracted Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dominant discourses on sexualities construct limited representations and understanding of same-sex attracted young people, often resulting in material and detrimental effects for young people who do not fit the heterosexual mould. Traditionally, social work theory and practice with same-sex attracted young people has relied on ethnic and essentialised models for understanding sexual difference. In the present article, the author reviews

Paul Willis

2007-01-01

376

The Development of Apt Citizenship Education through Listening to Young People's Voices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizenship Education (CE) and the young people's voice agenda are both enjoying increasing popularity within England at the present time. Clear connections exist between the two, with CE placing an emphasis upon participation and responsible action and the young people's voice agenda advocating democratic procedures for involving young people in…

Warwick, Paul

2008-01-01

377

Old ideals and new realities: the changing context of young people's partnerships in Cebu, Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Philippines has experienced rapid sociodemographic changes in recent years, with implications for young people. This study combines quantitative and qualitative data from Metro Cebu to assess the timing and predictors of young people's partnerships, as well as the context in which these partnerships are occurring. The majority of young people (54%) had premarital sex, though this pattern varied by

Jessica D. Gipson; Socorro A. Gultiano; Josephine L. Avila; Michelle J. Hindin

2012-01-01

378

"Different Journeys at Different Speeds": Young People, Risk and the Challenge of Creative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people's experience of education in a "risk society" is characterised by a terrain of "initiative overload" which appears to make the routes through which young people are seeking to plot a path evermore perilous. This article is concerned with the impact of creative learning on young people, as represented by the UK Government's initiative…

Miles, Steven

2007-01-01

379

Sculpting a "Social Space" for Re-Engaging Disengaged "Disadvantaged" Young People with Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the complex constellation of conditions that turn many young people into "exiles" from schooling. From the vantage point of young people, the paper traces out a profile of the conditions that need to be brought into existence for these young people to find a way back into learning. The paper argues that current educational…

Smyth, John; McInerney, Peter

2012-01-01

380

Young People's Use of Friends and Family for Sex and Relationships Information and Advice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With the recognition that improving access to advice and support on sex and relationships is vital in helping young people make positive healthy choices, the present paper explores how young people gain such information and advice. Drawing on the analysis of questionnaire and interview data collected for a local study of 401 young people from…

Powell, Eryl

2008-01-01

381

Psychological Change in Distressed Young People Who Do Not Receive Counselling: Does Improvement Happen Anyway?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this article is to explore self-healing processes in young people, and to develop an understanding of the effects of school-based counselling (SBC), by analysing changes in young people who did not receive this intervention. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 young people on a waiting list for SBC. Participants…

Daniunaite, Akvile; Ahmad Ali, Zenib; Cooper, Mick

2012-01-01

382

Student Ministry: Preparing Young People as Leaders for the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ministry with young people has never been more important. Ever-increasing local, national and global concerns demand that schools must do more than prepare young people as responsible citizens. They must prepare young people as emerging leaders with a civic conscience who proactively seek solutions to issues such as increased poverty, the plight of refugees, terrorism, climate change, and corporate greed.

Chris Hackett; Shane D Lavery

2010-01-01

383

Brief Report: Young People at Risk for Eating Disorders in Southeast Brazil  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A representative sample of 7-14-year-old young people in southeast Brazil (N=1251) was assessed using standardized parent and youth interviews, thereby identifying an "at-risk" group of young people who met one or more DSM-IV criteria for anorexia and/or bulimia nervosa. These young people were compared with an age and gender matched comparison…

Moya, Tatiana; Fleitlich-Bilyk, Bacy; Goodman, Robert

2006-01-01

384

Persistent high fertility in Uganda: young people recount obstacles and enabling factors to use of contraceptives  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: High fertility among young people aged 15-24 years is a public health concern in Uganda. Unwanted pregnancy, unsafe induced abortions and associated high morbidity and mortality among young women may be attributed to low contraceptive use. This study aims at exploring reasons for low contraceptive use among young people. METHODS: In 16 focus group discussions, the views of young

Gorrette Nalwadda; Florence Mirembe; Josaphat Byamugisha; Elisabeth Faxelid

2010-01-01

385

Using Social Justice Group Work With Young Mothers Who Experience Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates (e.g., Bassuk et al., 1997) that women and children make up a large percentage of the total number of individuals living without permanent shelter. This article represents a reflective analysis of our work as group facilitators who conducted a series of personal growth groups for young mothers living in a residential facility located in a Midwestern city in

Angela D. Coker; Dixie Meyer; Rachelle Smith; Amber Price

2010-01-01

386

Using Social Justice Group Work with Young Mothers Who Experience Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research indicates (e.g., Bassuk et al., 1997) that women and children make up a large percentage of the total number of individuals living without permanent shelter. This article represents a reflective analysis of our work as group facilitators who conducted a series of personal growth groups for young mothers living in a residential facility…

Coker, Angela D.; Meyer, Dixie; Smith, Rachelle; Price, Amber

2010-01-01

387

Democracy Every Day: Discussion and Decision Models for Young People and Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Real democracy is a style of living and thinking, in which every step refers to the principle of equality among people. This guide seeks to show models that can help people, especially young people, learn to live democratically. The guide notes that young people cannot learn democracy without continually, from the earliest years, living in…

Kjaergaard, Eigil; Martineniene, Rima

388

Being Young in Rural Settings: Young People's Everyday Community Affiliations and Trepidations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Geographical isolation creates a special context of obligations, reciprocal relationships, social network systems, inclusion and exclusion strategies, and a need to focus on maintaining services, employment opportunities and business infrastructures. This research explored Australian young people's role and everyday circumstances within a rural…

Fabiansson, Charlotte

2006-01-01

389

Sexuality in young people with physical disabilities: theory and practice.  

PubMed

Sexuality and sexual function are important to persons with disabilities just as they are to their able-bodied counterparts, but knowledge about sexual and reproductive health (SRH) among persons with disabilities is frequently inadequate. Adolescents and young adults with physical disabilities are less active socially, and have difficulties in developing intimate relationships. Thus, despite greater needs for SRH education and service delivery than persons without disabilities, dedicated services regarding sexuality and physical disabilities are scantly reported. Together with a literature survey on sexuality and disability in adolescents, a unique comprehensive SRH service for young people with physical disabilities is described in this review. Despite being interdisciplinary, the utilization of the service was limited due to difficulties in transportation to the clinic and in finding escort for aid in accessibility to public transportation. Health authorities should provide the resources for the development of accessible comprehensive multidisciplinary SRH services dedicated to young people with disabilities, and thus fulfill the United Nations General Assembly declaration on the rights of persons with disabilities. PMID:23045416

Hardoff, D

2012-09-01

390

Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: “No One Likes Street Kids”—Even in the Castro  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, focused on five transgender and gay youth of color from San Francisco, explored how family problems, poverty, homophobia, and transphobia propelled them into homelessness and made gay-friendly spaces and resources especially meaningful to them. These young people describe seeking support in San Francisco's well-known gay enclave, the Castro District, to form community and find safety from a homophobic

Jen Reck

2009-01-01

391

Connections between AIDS and homelessness.  

PubMed

Although the links between health and environment are well known, interventions that target these associations in order to improve health are rare. Health and social service agencies often function independently of one another, maintaining separate, unlinked databases. For example, relationships among homelessness, AIDS, and tuberculosis have been noted, but services have not focused on the intersecting populations these conditions affect. This Issue Brief summarizes efforts to merge databases and provide policymakers with information to guide housing, social service, and health care resources. The investigators identify risk factors associated with AIDS among the homeless, and homelessness among people with AIDS. PMID:12524708

Culhane, D P; Gollub, E L

2001-06-01

392

Housing Stability Over Two Years and HIV Risk among Newly Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stability of living situation was examined as a predictor of young people’s HIV-related sexual and drug use acts two years\\u000a after leaving home for the first time. Newly homeless youth aged 12–20 years were recruited in Los Angeles County, California,\\u000a U.S.A. (n = 261) and Melbourne, Australia (n = 165) and followed longitudinally at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Their family history of

Doreen Rosenthal; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus; Philip Batterham; Shelley Mallett; Eric Rice; Norweeta G. Milburn

2007-01-01

393

How “Deserving” Are the Most Vulnerable Homeless?  

Microsoft Academic Search

These thoughts on poverty relate to the strengths and needs of shelter programs that lead people who are homeless to self-sufficiency. Demographic data from 4,000 homeless shelter guests over a 4-year period gave evidence that the shelter was an important part of a suburban social service delivery system. It met the short-term needs of many who were homeless. The irony

Anne Hicks-Coolick; Ardith Peters; Ulf Zimmermann

2007-01-01

394

The health of homeless immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:This study examined the association between immigrant status and current health in a representative sample of 1189 homeless people in Toronto, Canada.Methods:Multivariate regression analyses were performed to examine the relationship between immigrant status and current health status (assessed using the SF-12) among homeless recent immigrants (?10 years since immigration), non-recent immigrants (>10 years since immigration) and Canadian-born individuals recruited at

S Chiu; D A Redelmeier; G Tolomiczenko; A Kiss; S W Hwang

2009-01-01

395

Tasmania's Rural and Isolated Young People: Issues, Solutions and Strategies. Report of a Community Consultation with Young People, Government, Youth and Organisations, in Rural and Isolated Communities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Tasmanian (Australia) Office of Youth Affairs and Family conducted consultations concerning issues impacting young people living in rural and isolated areas. Eight workshops specifically for youth were attended by 123 young people. Five community forums were attended by 25-30 participants each. The difficulties of living in isolated situations…

Tasmanian Office of Youth Affairs, Hobart (Australia).

396

A trip to the library: homelessness and social inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores homeless men's visits to a public library. It shows how homeless men identified the library as a space for safety and social participation, at a time when the regional newspaper published an item questioning the appropriateness of their presence in the library. The news report promotes universal narratives that would exclude homeless people, showing the intimate relationship

Darrin Hodgetts; Ottilie Stolte; Kerry Chamberlain; Alan Radley; Linda Nikora; Eci Nabalarua; Shiloh Groot

2008-01-01

397

Images of the homeless: Public views and media messages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite its potential policy relevance, public opinion about homelessness has received little attention from researchers. This deficiency is addressed here by bringing together data obtained in four recent surveys. The survey results indicate that many Americans accurately perceive the characteristics of homeless people, consider homelessness a serious problem with structural roots, and support a variety of measures intended to solve

Barrett A. Lee; Bruce G. Link; Paul A. Toro

1991-01-01

398

Overcoming Educational Disadvantage: Shelter Initiatives for Homeless Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project addresses the challenges confronting children living in Massachusetts homeless shelters, with particular attention to these youths’ education as well as the services that family shelters provide to support their academic achievement. With 1.35 million homeless children living in the United States each year (“How Many People Experience Homelessness?”, 2009), it is imperative that this population receives a quality

Diana DeMont

2012-01-01

399

The Homeless and Occupy El Paso: Creating Community among the 99%  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tensions between activists and the homeless were common across different Occupy locations. This article focuses on the Occupy movement in downtown El Paso, Texas. It discusses the interactions between activists and homeless people. Initially, as the Occupiers camped in the square they excluded the homeless. A pivotal point was when some Occupiers spoke out against the mistreatment of the homeless

Curtis Smith; Ernesto Castañeda; Josiah Heyman

2012-01-01

400

FPA helps 33,000 young people get "sexwise".  

PubMed

"Sexwise," an FPA information campaign for teens on sex and relationships, ran March 4-24 in London and Manchester, areas where teenage pregnancy rates are among the highest in England. It was sponsored by the Department of Health in support of "The health of the nation" goal of reducing teenage pregnancies in England by 50% by the year 2000. The average age of first sexual intercourse is 17 years. Although 94% of young people feel their parents should be their primary sources of sex information, they actually receive most of it from their friends and the media. One-eighth of teenage mothers surveyed by FPA and Middlesex University said that they only discussed contraception with their parents after they became pregnant. According to Karin Pappenheim, FPA Head of Publicity, the FPA wants to "enable young people to make informed decisions about whether and when to have sex while giving them the facts they need to avoid unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases." Radio advertisements, which were produced by Laing Henry and featured Terry Christian (presenter for "The Word" on channel 4) and LTB (rappers), publicized the "Sexwise" helpline. Calls were free and confidential. Free copies of the FPA booklet, "Sexuality," were available upon request. Ads also appeared in "Just 17" and "Big," and on posters in Manchester pubs, clubs, and discos. PMID:12319464

1995-01-01

401

Being ‘an authentic alteño’: young people in a Bolivian Andean city  

Microsoft Academic Search

What does it mean to be young in El Alto, a Bolivian shantytown? Based on ethnographic research, this article looks at cultural resilience among young people in a vulnerable urban context. It emphasises how young people value informal youth groups as a tool to valorise their own indigenous culture. This is echoed in the world of adults, implying that the

Melania Calestani

2012-01-01

402

Having confidence in therapeutic work with young people: constraints and challenges to confidentiality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Confidentiality presents particular challenges to practitioners working with young people, on account of the latter's vulnerability and emotional immaturity. Ethical codes place a key importance on confidentiality, from deontological and teleological perspectives. However, young clients may rely on a more pragmatic approach in deciding whether to disclose personal material to a counsellor. Surveys indicate that young people place high value

Peter Jenkins

2010-01-01

403

Being "An Authentic Alteno": Young People in a Bolivian Andean City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What does it mean to be young in El Alto, a Bolivian shantytown? Based on ethnographic research, this article looks at cultural resilience among young people in a vulnerable urban context. It emphasises how young people value informal youth groups as a tool to valorise their own indigenous culture. This is echoed in the world of adults, implying…

Calestani, Melania

2012-01-01

404

Social Stigma and the Situation of Young People in Lesbian and Gay Stepfamilies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a qualitative study examining how social stigmatization made the lives of young people in gay and lesbian stepfamilies more complex. The study focused primarily on the young people's viewpoint, which has until now rarely been taken into consideration in studies of gay and lesbian families. Eleven semi-structured interviews were conducted with adolescents and young

Caroline Robitaille; Marie-Christine Saint-Jacques

2009-01-01

405

Local Sociality in Young People's Mobile Communications: A Korean Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing upon ethnographic data, this article explores how young Koreans appropriate mobile phones. By examining the role of local norms of sociality among young people, the study shows that this "individualizing" technology is articulated through "traditionalizing" forces. Despite dominant representations of young people's individualization via…

Yoon, Kyongwon

2006-01-01

406

Tools and Techniques to Teach Earth Sciences to Young People  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study aims to identify the tools available to disseminate the Earth sciences to young people in Brazil and to propose new techniques that may help in the teaching of such subjects. The use of scientific dissemination can be a great tool for the consolidation of a scientific culture, especially for a public of young students. The starting point of this study is an important characteristic that is present in virtually all the children: curiosity. The young public tries to understand how the world is and how it works. The use of scientific dissemination and some educational experiences have shown that these students have a great ability to learn and deal with various topics within the Earth Sciences. Another relevant point is the possibility to show that the Earth sciences, e.g., geophysics, oceanography, meteorology, geology and geography, can be an educational attractive option. Several ways of disseminating Earth sciences are commonly used with the purpose of attracting and mainly teaching these subjects, such as websites, interactive museums and cultural and educational spaces. The objectives of this work are: i) Investigate the role of science centers as motivators in disseminating the scientific knowledge by examining the communication resources that are being employed, the acceptance, reaction, and interest of children to these means, and ii) From this analysis, to list suggestions of contents and new tools that could be used for obtaining better results.

Constantino, R.; Dicelis, G.; Molina, E. C.

2010-12-01

407

Nutrition and health services needs among the homeless.  

PubMed Central

This review discusses nutrition and related health problems among homeless Americans, summarizes recent information, and identifies needs for services and future research. The nature of homelessness today provides a context for the discussion. Many homeless persons eat fewer meals per day, lack food more often, and are more likely to have inadequate diets and poorer nutritional status than housed U.S. populations. Yet many homeless people eligible for food stamps do not receive them. While public and private agencies provide nutritious food and meals for homeless persons, availability of the services to homeless persons is limited. Many homeless people lack appropriate health care, and certain nutrition-related health problems are prevalent among them. Compared with housed populations, alcoholism, anemia, and growth problems are more common among homeless persons, and pregnancy rates are higher. The risks vary among homeless persons for malnutrition, nutrition-related health problems, drug and alcohol abuse, and mental illness. For example, among homeless persons, fewer heads of families than single adults are substance abusers, and mental illness varies in prevalence among single men, single women, and parents in homeless families. Homeless persons need improved access to food, nutrition, and health services. More nutrition education needs to be available to them and to service providers. Use of representative samples and validation of self-reported nutrition and health data will help future investigators to clarify the relationships between the characteristics of the homeless and their nutritional status.

Wiecha, J L; Dwyer, J T; Dunn-Strohecker, M

1991-01-01

408

Westernization and Tobacco Use Among Young People in Delhi, India  

PubMed Central

Few studies have explored the relationship between acculturation and health in non-immigrant populations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between “westernization” and tobacco use among adolescents living in Delhi, India. A bi-dimensional model of acculturation was adapted for use in this study to examine (a) whether young people's identification with Western culture in this setting is related to tobacco use and (b) whether their maintenance of more traditional Indian ways of living is related to tobacco use, also. Multiple types of tobacco use common in India (e.g., cigarettes, bidis, chewing tobacco) were considered. Socioeconomic status (SES), gender, and grade level were examined as potential effect modifiers of the relationship between “westernization” and tobacco use. The study was cross-sectional by design and included 3,512 students in eighth and tenth grades who were enrolled in 14 Private (higher SES) and Government (lower SES) schools in Delhi, India. A self-report survey was used to collect information on tobacco use and “westernization.” The results suggest that young people's identification with Western influences may increase their risk for tobacco use (p<0.001), while their maintenance of traditional Indian ways of living confers some protection (p<0.001). Importantly, these effects were independent of one another. Boys benefitted more from protective effects than girls, and tenth graders gained more consistent benefits than eighth graders in this regard, too. Negative effects associated with identification with Western ways of living were, in contrast, consistent across gender and grade level. The positive and negative effects of acculturation on adolescent tobacco use generalized across all tobacco products considered here. Future interventions designed to curb youth tobacco use in India may benefit by paying closer attention to cultural preferences of these young consumers.

Stigler, Melissa H.; Dhavan, Poonam; Van Dusen, Duncan; Arora, Monika; Reddy, K. Srinath; Perry, Cheryl L.

2010-01-01

409

Building Cities for Young People: Why We Should Design Cities with Preteens and Young Teens in Mind  

Microsoft Academic Search

As those with planning authority over large areas consider for whom they are planning, it is recommended that the prototypical citizen be an 11–15 year-old person. Some planners have argued for several decades that young people be taken into consideration when planning urban areas. Recent trends in overweight and obesity in young people have focused attention on children's ability to

Lisa M. Weston

2010-01-01

410

[Media messages to promote safer sex. Contact with young people].  

PubMed

In 1993, the national radio station of Zambia launched a popular music show on the fight against AIDS. Support of the national AIDS control program put information on HIV, sexually transmitted diseases, and sexuality at the disposal of thousands of youth. Radio is an effective medium to distribute information, to stimulate an awareness that AIDS is bad, and to influence public opinion. The Saturday Beat radio show is broadcast for 45 minutes every Saturday morning when most Zambians are at home. It has jingles about condom use and questions about AIDS with show listeners responding via the telephone, and discussions on HIV prevention. The show also has interviews with HIV-positive people, and with physicians, music stars, and government officials such as the Vice Minister of Health. Saturday Beat is very popular and well praised. Listeners call in from around the country and are encouraged to write and submit questions. The show host answers listeners' letters during the show. The show can organize demonstrations for loyal listeners where youth lead debates and discussions that can be taped and broadcast. Another popular medium is a photo-story (comic book with photographs rather than drawings) about a young woman named Roxy and her friends. The characters of the photo-story have different attitudes about AIDS and sex and offer different options to prevent HIV infection. Young people helped create this photo-story through a series of discussions and an examination of their feelings, their experiences, and their relationships with boy/girl friends. They were also involved in test marketing the photo story. The public appreciates Roxy. Readers can recognize themselves easily in the characters, and those with little education can understand the story. Some parents and teachers found the story too sexually explicit, but many people now agree that the story provides educational benefits. PMID:12292177

1995-04-01

411

Teen Peer Outreach-Street Work Project: HIV prevention education for runaway and homeless youth.  

PubMed

Each year, there are approximately 2 million homeless and runaway youths in the United States. On any given night, there are 1,000 homeless youngsters living on the streets of San Diego, CA. Homeless young people are commonly involved in one or more of the following activities that place them at risk for HIV infection--unprotected sexual intercourse, needle-sharing in the use of injectable drugs, sex with someone who injects drugs. The Teen Peer Outreach-Street Work Project trains teen peer educators to work in three existing San Diego youth service programs with street outreach staff members to provide HIV prevention education and referral services to San Diego's homeless youth. Selected teens from the target population also participate in street-based case management that provides skill development to bring about behavioral and attitudinal changes. An HIV outreach program cannot stand alone and is most successful if it is integrated with services that meet the basic needs of its clients. In the three participating youth service programs of the Teen Peer Outreach-Street Work Project, food, clothes, and shelter information are provided. There are shelters in two of the three programs that become places where HIV educational messages, delivered on the street, can be reinforced. Immediate and concrete assistance can be offered to homeless youth. Low literacy among the target population presents a significant obstacle to adequate and appropriate HIV prevention education for homeless youth. Currently, education materials that specifically target homeless youth do not exit. The outreach street project is being expanded to develop materials for homeless youth with low literacy levels. Teen peers will be used to facilitate structured focus groups composed of members of the target population. Focus groups will be used in concept development, product development, and evaluation of draft products.Because the project is unique.in San Diego, it addresses an unmet need, reaching a population often missed by traditional HIV education efforts. PMID:8464971

Podschun, G D

412

Young people infected with HIV : how counselling can prepare them for a productive life  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Twelve million people under the age of 25 are estimated to live with HIV. Almost two-third of these young people is living in Sub Saharan Africa. How can we as counselors support young people living with HIV (YPLHIV), preparing them for a productive adult life? This thesis explores and analysis the counselling needs of YPLHIV. METHODS: A literature review

Jong de A. K

2008-01-01

413

Taking the 21st century seriously: young people, education and socio-technical futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhetoric about young people’s ‘ownership’ of future socio-technical change is a familiar part of much educational and political discourse. This does not, however, translate in practice into a meaningful dialogue with young people about the sorts of futures they might wish to see emerge. This paper argues that a number of social and technological developments currently being envisaged by researchers,

Keri Facer

2011-01-01

414

Taking the 21st century seriously: young people, education and socio-technical futures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhetoric about young people’s ‘ownership’ of future socio-technical change is a familiar part of much educational and political discourse. This does not, however, translate in practice into a meaningful dialogue with young people about the sorts of futures they might wish to see emerge. This paper argues that a number of social and technological developments currently being envisaged by researchers,

Keri Facer

2012-01-01

415

Here's an idea: ask the users! Young people's views on navigation, design and content of a health information website  

Microsoft Academic Search

Use of the internet to provide health information to young people is a rela- tively recent development. Few studies have explored young people's views on how they use internet health websites. This study investigated the navi- gation, design and content preferences of young people using the Children First for Health (CFfH) website. Young people from five secondary schools completed an

LINDA S. FRANCK; GENEVIEVE NOBLE

416

Neuropsychological and Cognitive Performance of Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many homeless people may have been exposed to events and situations that could potentially produce neuropsychological impairments. In the current study, 80 homeless participants underwent a battery of tests designed to 1) estimate long-standing established memory and intelligence, which was assumed to indicate prehomeless function and 2) measure current memory and intelligence function. Mental health screening and substance misuse data

Graham Pluck; Rajan David; Sean A. Spence; Randolph W. Parks

2012-01-01

417

THEORETICAL MODELS IN THE HOMELESS POPULATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the early eighties, the study of homeless people has been addressed from many theoretical viewpoints. The purpose of this work is, first, to carry out a review of the main studies that have addressed the phenomenon of homelessness from an explicit theoretical model; and second, to study in depth one of the theoretical frameworks that has received the

Manuel Muñoz; Carmelo Vázquez; Sonia Panadero; Aida de Vicente

418

Homelessness and health in adolescents.  

PubMed

Despite an abundance of resources, many of the world's wealthiest nations have a large homeless population. People at all stages of development are affected by this problem, but adolescents who are homeless face a unique set of challenges. In this critical narrative study the authors examined the experiences of homeless adolescents with particular attention to the role of gender and public policy, health experiences and perceptions, and barriers to health care services. Six girls and 7 boys participated in semistructured dialogic interviews. Their stories revealed that living without a home had a substantial impact on their health and wellness. The findings from this study support the need for health care professionals to work in collaboration with homeless youth so that more effective care that is sensitive to their unique health needs can be provided. PMID:17968040

Haldenby, Amy M; Berman, Helene; Forchuk, Cheryl

2007-11-01

419

Unique health care utilization patterns in a homeless population in Ghent  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Existing studies concerning the health care use of homeless people describe higher utilisation rates for hospital-based care and emergency care, and lower rates for primary care by homeless people compared to the general population. Homeless people are importantly hindered and\\/or steered in their health care use by barriers directly related to the organisation of care. Our goal is to

Evelyn Verlinde; Tine Verdée; Mieke Van de Walle; Bruno Art; Jan De Maeseneer; Sara Willems

2010-01-01

420

Health-Seeking Challenges Among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Approximately 1.5 to 2 million homeless young persons live on the streets in the United States. With the current economic situation, research is needed on quality of services geared toward homeless young adults. Objectives The objective of this study was to explore homeless young adults' perspectives on barriers and facilitators of health-care-seeking behavior and their perspectives on improving existing programs for homeless persons. Methods This article is a descriptive qualitative study using focus groups, with a purposeful sample of 24 homeless drug-using young adults. Results Identified themes were failing access to care based on perceived structural barriers (limited clinic sites, limited hours of operation, priority health conditions, and long wait times) and social barriers (perception of discrimination by uncaring professionals, law enforcement, and society in general). Discussion Results provide insight into programmatic and agency resources that facilitate health-seeking behaviors among homeless young adults and include implications for more research with providers of homeless health and social services.

Hudson, Angela L.; Nyamathi, Adeline; Greengold, Barbara; Slagle, Alexandra; Koniak-Griffin, Deborah; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Getzoff, Daniel

2010-01-01

421

Children's and Young People's Reading Today: Findings from the 2011 National Literacy Trust's Annual Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was funded by law firm Slaughter and May and carried out with 21,000 children and young people across the UK. One of its key findings is that children and young people are reading less as their lives get more crowded. In 2005 the researchers found that four young people in 10 read daily outside of class. This research carried out at…

Clark, Christina

2012-01-01

422

SRE and Young People in Further Education: A Review of Provision and Practice in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many initiatives relating to young people's sexual health have focused on under 16s. Yet, most young people become sexually active between the ages of 16 and 19 and 80 per cent of under-18 conceptions are to 16- and 17-year-olds. The shift from school to further education marks a time of transition in young people's lives. It is a time when…

Emmerson, Lucy

2007-01-01

423

Unequal Opportunities for Young People with Immigrant Backgrounds in the Swedish Labour Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?This paper investigates labour-market performance for ‘young people with immigrant backgrounds’ and those ‘born in Sweden with native-born parents’ in the Swedish labour market. It focuses on young people who were aged 18–20 during 1990, and their labour-market status after 8 years, in 1998. The results indicate that young people of immigrant descent have lower annual wage income and are

Alireza Behtoui

2004-01-01

424

Ordinary lives: an ethnographic study of young people attending Entry to Employment programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the findings from a one?year ethnographic study of young people attending Entry to Employment (E2E) programmes in two local authorities in the north of England. The paper locates E2E within the broader context of provision for low?achieving young people and of UK government policy on reducing the proportion of young people who are not in education, employment

Lisa Russell; Robin Simmons; Ron Thompson

2011-01-01

425

SRE and Young People in Further Education: A Review of Provision and Practice in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many initiatives relating to young people's sexual health have focused on under 16s. Yet, most young people become sexually active between the ages of 16 and 19 and 80 per cent of under-18 conceptions are to 16- and 17-year-olds. The shift from school to further education marks a time of transition in young people's lives. It is a time when…

Emmerson, Lucy

2007-01-01

426

An evaluation of the condom distribution scheme (C-Card) with young people in northeast England.  

PubMed

Aims:To evaluate a local C-Card scheme from the perspectives of young people in order to determine how well it had worked in improving access to condoms and in providing young people with appropriate information to make healthier choices around safer sex.Methods:Secondary analysis of a year's worth of existing registration and monitoring data routinely collected by the C-Card scheme, two focus group discussions with 14 young people (eight males and six females) and a short questionnaire-based survey of 55 young people.Results:The evidence suggested that the C-Card scheme is an effective tool for ensuring that young people know how to use a condom correctly. Ease of access and increased knowledge were key issues of effectiveness to emerge from the findings. The scheme also served as a mechanism for young people to be referred on to other sexual health services and the data appear to indicate that this was something that was taken up by young people.Conclusions:The young people who used C-Card generally viewed the scheme as an effective mechanism in terms of accessing condoms and the number of outlets available for acquiring condoms. In order for C-Card to become successful with young people, advertising needs to be improved to increase their awareness of the scheme. PMID:23539132

Kinsella, Karina; Cross, Ruth; South, Jane

2013-03-28

427

A cluster analysis of service utilization and incarceration among homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Our paper examines service usage (e.g., shelter) as well as a typology of individuals who are most likely to use groupings of services among 249 homeless youth. Our results revealed that the majority of homeless young people have used food programs (66%) and street outreach (65%) on at least one occasion within the past year. Cluster analysis of services revealed four distinct groups: (1) basic survival service use, characterized by above average shelter, food, and outreach service use, but below average on counseling, substance abuse/ mental health services, and incarceration; (2) multiple service use, which included above average use of all six services; (3) incarceration experience, characterized by above average incarceration experience, but below average use of all other five services; and (4) minimal service use, which included slightly above average use of counseling, but below average use of all other services. These findings have the potential to provide important information that may assist with targeting services to homeless youth.

Kort-Butler, Lisa A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.

2012-01-01

428

Participation in science and technology: young people's achievement-related choices in late-modern societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people’s participation in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) is a matter of international concern. Studies and careers that require physical sciences and advanced mathematics are most affected by the problem and women in particular are under?represented in many STEM fields. This article views international research about young people’s relationships to, and participation in, STEM subjects and careers through

Maria Vetleseter Bøe; Ellen Karoline Henriksen; Terry Lyons; Camilla Schreiner

2011-01-01

429

Factors That Influence Willingness to Help the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is an ongoing challenge for many families and individuals. Many struggle to meet their basic needs for food, clothing and shelter. Unfortunately, we know very little about the people who directly help homeless people meet these needs. The present study examines the relationships between empathy, religion, household income, political orientation, gender, race, and people's expressed willingness to assist the

Michael M. Morgan; H. Wallace Goddard; Sherri Newton Givens

1997-01-01

430

Transition from school to adult life for physically disabled young people  

PubMed Central

The transition process for young physically disabled people (n = 87) was studied in three districts to determine how it varied between schools, and how it was perceived by the disabled and their carers. The experiences of the young people were compared with guidelines for good practice based on relevant legislation. Results showed that young disabled people experienced a poor handover to adult services if they had no "statement of special educational need" or if they went to further education college. Young people with cerebral palsy or complex multiple problems fared less well than those with spina bifida or juvenile chronic arthritis. There are several deficiencies in the legislation. Physically disabled young people should receive a transition review regardless of whether they have a "statement". The range of severity and type of disorders among the young physically disabled argues for a range of services—the category is too broad to be useful for research, service planning, and provision.??

Fiorentino, L; Datta, D; Gentle, S; Hall, D; Harpin, V; Phillips, D; Walker, A

1998-01-01

431

Power Users and patchworking – An analytical approach to critical studies of young people’s learning with digital media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper sets out to problematise generational categories such as “Power Users” or “New Millennium Learners” by discussing these in the light of recent research on youth and information and communication technology. We then suggest analytic and conceptual pathways to engage in more critical and empirically founded studies of young people’s learning in technology and media?rich settings. Based on a

Thomas Ryberg

2008-01-01

432

Investigating change in young people’s understandings of Japan: a study of learning about a distant place  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article demonstrates how a set of complementary qualitative methods can be used to construct a detailed picture not only of the nature of young people’s representations of a distant place but the processes of learning by which such representations develop over the medium term. The analysis is based on an interpretive case study of a class of 13? to

Liz Taylor

2010-01-01

433

Investigating change in young people’s understandings of Japan: a study of learning about a distant place  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article demonstrates how a set of complementary qualitative methods can be used to construct a detailed picture not only of the nature of young people’s representations of a distant place but the processes of learning by which such representations develop over the medium term. The analysis is based on an interpretive case study of a class of 13? to

Liz Taylor

2011-01-01

434

The Role of Organizational Characteristics in Determining Patterns of Utilization of Services for Substance Abuse, Mental Health, and Shelter by Homeless People  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to advance understanding of service provision to the homeless population through investigation of the effects of organizational characteristics. A longitudinal study of homelessness obtained structured psychiatric interview data from 400 participants and these individuals' service use and organizational data from 23 organizations over the next 12 months. Substance abuse service use was associated with organizational funding diversity,

Carol S. North; David E. Pollio; Brian Perron; Karin M. Eyrich; Edward L. Spitznagel

2005-01-01

435

The Pendulum Swings: How Changes in Federal and State Policy Have Affected the Status of Homeless People with Mental Illness in Ohio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public policy in the problem areas of homelessness and mental illness has been reactive, rather than proactive, for the past thirty to forty years. As a result of this approach, federal and state policies have swung, like a pendulum, from one extreme to the other, taking the homeless mentally ill population on a most difficult ride. Public policies concerning these

Kim Bryant

1992-01-01

436

Violence in schools and representations of young people: a critique of government policies in France and England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines media discourses in France and in Britain relating to young people, violence and disaffection in schools, setting these within the framework of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, which emphasises young people’s participation rights. It analyses policy initiatives developed since 1997 in each country to address concerns about young people, disaffection and violence, examining

Audrey Osler; Hugh Starkeyb

2005-01-01

437

Suicidal thoughts in young people: Their frequency and relationships with personality factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in adolescents and young people. This study aims to identify factors associated with suicidal thinking in young people. Levels of suicidal thinking in a large student population (n=1039) were assessed using the GHQ-28; regression analysis identified personality (trait) and mood (state) correlates of suicidal thoughts. All volunteers were recruited from Universities

Mary E. Stewart; Claire Donaghey; Ian J. Deary; Klaus P. Ebmeier

2008-01-01

438

Young People's Writing in 2011: Findings from the National Literacy Trust's Annual Literacy Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report only outlines findings that relate to writing, taken from the author's second annual literacy survey, which she conducted in November/December 2011. Nearly 21,000 young people aged 8 to 16 participated. Writing is an important issue in the UK today. While children's and young people's writing standards had plateaued between 2006 and…

Clark, Christina

2012-01-01

439

Changing the Culture of Young People's Binge Drinking: From Motivations to Practical Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aims: This paper explores young people's own opinions about how the "drinking to get drunk" culture can be changed. More precisely, the two objectives of this study were to explore: (1) whether young people viewed binge drinking as a real "problem"; and (2) what they thought could be done to reduce binge drinking. Methods: Forty in-depth…

Coleman, Lester; Cater, Suzanne

2007-01-01

440

Angry Youth of the New Century and the Patriotism of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors of this article analyze the expressions of extreme patriotism and promotion of nationalism on the Internet by some young people (the kind of young people frequently referred to as "angry youth") during the popularization of network technology and the rapid development of popular culture in the new century. Proceeding from domestic…

Xiaoqi, Shan; Zhanxin, Guo

2011-01-01

441

Can We Use Young People's Knowledge to Develop Teachers and HIV-Related Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite recent progress in meeting the goals of the Education for All agenda, certain groups of young people are particularly vulnerable to exclusion and underachievement, including children with HIV/AIDS, children living in poverty, and children with disabilities. HIV/AIDS has reduced many young people's rights to access education, to live a…

McLaughlin, Colleen; Swartz, Sharlene

2011-01-01

442

Religious Education in the Experience of Young People from Mixed-Faith Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of a recent ethnographic study at the University of Warwick of the religious identity formation of young people in "mixed-faith" families, this article focuses on their (and their parents') experiences and perceptions of religious education (RE) and of religious nurture in the community. The young people's experience of RE differed…

Arweck, Elisabeth; Nesbitt, Eleanor

2011-01-01

443

Religious Education in the Experience of Young People from Mixed-Faith Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On the basis of a recent ethnographic study at the University of Warwick of the religious identity formation of young people in "mixed-faith" families, this article focuses on their (and their parents') experiences and perceptions of religious education (RE) and of religious nurture in the community. The young people's experience of RE differed…

Arweck, Elisabeth; Nesbitt, Eleanor

2011-01-01

444

Embarrassment as a Key Emotion in Young People Talking About Sexual Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper highlights embarrassment as one of the often-ignored emotions of young people when it comes to discussing issues around sexual health. There have been many sexual health studies on knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of young people over the past two decades, but emotional aspects have been largely ignored, despite a growing literature in the sociology of emotion. A qualitative

Edwin van Teijlingen; Jennifer Reid; Janet Shucksmith; Fiona Harris; Kate Philip; Mari Imamura; Janet Tucker; Gillian Penney

2007-01-01

445

The Youth Worker's Role in Young People's Sexual Health: A Practice Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sexual health promotion is of primary importance for young people in Australia, especially for vulnerable and at-risk young people. The authors first identify the important role of youth workers in engaging clients proactively around a broad range of sexual health issues, and then discuss real and perceived barriers that youth workers face in…

Janssen, Marty; Davis, Jackie

2009-01-01

446

Young People with Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Do Those with Learning Disabilities Form a Distinct Subgroup?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study examines 102 young people with Learning Disabilities (n = 51) and without a learning disability (NLD; n = 51) to explore ways in which LD young people with harmful sexual behaviours (HSB) should be recognized as a subgroup requiring specialized treatment and intervention. Throughout this comparison of perpetrator, victim and abuse…

Almond, Louise; Giles, Susan

2008-01-01

447

Shifting the boundaries of cultural spaces: young people and everyday multiculturalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the significance of everyday intercultural social practice enacted in the mundane sites of young people's daily life to the development of new research directions for multicultural youth studies. It explores the idea of everyday multiculturalism as an appropriate analytical approach for understanding the ways that young people deal with cultural difference in conditions of super-diversity. It considers

Anita Harris

2009-01-01

448

Taking the 21st Century Seriously: Young People, Education and Socio-Technical Futures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rhetoric about young people's "ownership" of future socio-technical change is a familiar part of much educational and political discourse. This does not, however, translate in practice into a meaningful dialogue with young people about the sorts of futures they might wish to see emerge. This paper argues that a number of social and technological…

Facer, Keri

2012-01-01

449

Drug prevention for young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties attending special education provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The levels of drug use amongst school?aged young people have risen over the past decade. Prevention initiatives have been developed using empirical evidence obtained from school?based surveys. The empirical evidence base of drug use amongst young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD) attending special education provision is very limited. The implications of this knowledge gap for addressing drug

Patrick McCrystal

2008-01-01

450

Suicide in young people aged 15–24: a psychological autopsy study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The suicide rate in young people in the United Kingdom has increased over the last decade. As there is a paucity of information about the characteristics of young suicides we have undertaken a detailed investigation of suicides in people aged 15–24 years by means of the psychological autopsy approach. Methods: The sample consisted of 27 subjects (25 males, two

Kelly Houston; Keith Hawton; Rosie Shepperd

2001-01-01

451

The Usefulness of Motivational Interviewing as a Consultation and Assessment Tool for Working with Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous case-study research has explored the efficacy of motivational interviewing (MI) as a therapeutic approach for supporting young people in schools. This article considers how MI may additionally be used as an assessment and consultation tool for ascertaining the needs of disaffected young people and identifying appropriate support…

Kittles, Michelle; Atkinson, Cathy

2009-01-01

452

Changing gender relations among young people: The global challenge for HIV\\/AIDS prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The worldwide epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has affected different populations in different countries. Yet, every country has recognized the particular vulnerability of its young people to possible infection. This vulnerability is commonly thought to relate in the main to young people's assumed universal interest in sexual experimentation.Various studies have demonstrated not only both worrying levels of sexual risk-taking

Gary W. Dowsett; Peter Aggleton; Sévérin-cécile Abega; Carol Jenkins; Teresa M. Marshall; Agnes Runganga; Jacobo Schifter; Michael L. Tan; Chou Meng Tarr

1998-01-01

453

Sex and Relationships Education in Schools: The Views and Experiences of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to investigate how young people are using school-based sources of sex and relationships education (SRE) to obtain information and advice. Design/methodology/approach: The paper shows how anonymous self-completion questionnaires were administered to young people aged between 12 and 19 years in three secondary…

Selwyn, Neil; Powell, Eryl

2007-01-01

454

Strategies of Young People's Self-Determination in Life in the Sphere of Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The labor market for young people can be seen as an independent, integral segment of the overall labor market, one that can be singled out on the basis of the way that young people function in society as a special social and demographic group characterized by the needs and interests that are typical of it, a group that occupies a specific place in…

Skutneva, S. V.

2007-01-01

455

Individualisation and Social Exclusion: The Case of Young People Not in Education, Employment or Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The characteristics, experiences and long-term prospects of young people outside the labour market and education have attracted widespread international attention in recent decades, and the specific category of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET) has been a policy concern for the UK Government since 1997. This paper…

Thompson, Ron

2011-01-01

456

The Parenting of Young People: Using Newsletters to Provide Information and Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The literature shows that many parents of young people do not have enough information, advice, and support in bringing up their children. This article describes an innovative project, undertaken by the Trust for the Study of Adolescence (TSA), which evaluated the use of newsletters as a form of support for the parents of young people. Following…

Shepherd, Julie; Roker, Debi

2005-01-01

457

Visibility, Immobility and Stigma: Young People's Use of Sexual Health Services in Rural Areas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teenage pregnancy has become a major policy issue, for which young people are often publicly held solely responsible. However, a combination of factors substantially increases the risks of conception faced by young people engaging in early sexual activity. This article reports the main findings of a study of teenage pregnancy in linked seaside…

Craig, Gary; Stanley, Nicky

2006-01-01

458

Living with asthma: the experiences of young people at home and at school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is concerned with how young people with moderate to severe asthma live with and explain the disorder and manage the resulting symptoms. Based on in-depth interviews with 55 young people aged 11–16 living in West London, it shows that asthma restricted their lives at school and recreationally but that they were actively involved with their condition and its

Jonathan Gabe; Michael Bury; Rosemary Ramsay

2002-01-01

459

Young People and Mental Health: Novel Methods for Systematic Review of Research on Barriers and Facilitators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how barriers to, and facilitators of, good mental health amongst young people (11-21 years) were elucidated from a systematic review of studies of young people's views and how these barriers and facilitators were compared with effectiveness studies to identify effective and appropriate interventions, promising interventions…

Oliver, S.; Harden, A.; Rees, R.; Shepherd, J.; Brunton, G.; Oakley, A.

2008-01-01

460

Feelings of belonging? young people's views of their surroundings in Kingston, Jamaica  

Microsoft Academic Search

The feelings of young people towards their surroundings have often been neglected in studies of Third World cities. In this paper, I examine these views in Kingston, Jamaica: a large, poor city with high socio?economic inequality. The young people surveyed have generally positive feelings towards their surroundings, yet are frequently excluded from making decisions about the ways in which these

David R. Dodman

2004-01-01

461

Studying Young People's New Media Use: Methodological Shifts and Educational Innovations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A lack of good information about what youth are doing with new media stimulates fears and hopes about the relationship between young people and digital technologies. This article focuses on new modes of inquiry into youth new media use, highlighting the challenges, complexities, and opportunities inherent in studying young people's digital…

Pascoe, C. J.

2012-01-01

462

What Does Wellbeing Mean? Perspectives of Wellbeing among Young People & Youth Workers in Rural Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wellbeing is a well-used but ill-defined term in youth research. This paper describes research that explored the ways in which young people and youth workers define wellbeing. The findings suggest that both groups agreed that wellbeing was a multidimensional concept; however, the young people were more likely to consider wellbeing to be influenced…

Bourke, Lisa; Geldens, Paula

2007-01-01

463

Participation in Home, Extracurricular, and Community Activities among Children and Young People with Cerebral Palsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aim: Participation in home, extracurricular, and community activities is a desired outcome of rehabilitation services for children and young people with cerebral palsy (CP). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of age and gross motor function on participation among children and young people with CP. Method: Five hundred…

Orlin, Margo N.; Palisano, Robert J.; Chiarello, Lisa A.; Kang, Lin-Ju; Polansky, Marcia; Almasri, Nihad; Maggs, Jill

2010-01-01

464

Initiatives to Support Disadvantaged Young People: Enhancing Social Capital and Acknowledging Personal Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on findings from ethnographic research which explored the impact of the Connexions initiative on the lives of young people. The fieldwork took place in three drop-in centres for young people, all of which were delivery sites for Connexions. Utilising the theoretical concepts of identity and self-esteem, it grounded this…

Phillips, Rosemary F.

2010-01-01

465

New visions of social control? Young people's perceptions of community penalties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article engages with youth perspectives on community penalties, examining the significance of their sense of voicelessness and the indeterminacy of these interventions. The article examines young people's understandings of social inequality and racism, looking beyond issues of procedural fairness, legitimacy, and compliance to questions about young people's ability to accommodate and challenge injustices and ultimately escape the net of

Alexandra Cox

2012-01-01

466

Relational Aspects in Career and Life-Designing of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Relational aspects in the life-designing of young people are the focus of this article. These aspects consist of the involvement and use of one's relational network in life-designing. The data consists of 146 narratives of young people, 111 ninth graders in comprehensive school and 35 students in upper secondary school. The research question…

Vanhalakka-Ruoho, Marjatta

2010-01-01

467

Indigenous Young People in the Juvenile Justice System: 2010-11. Bulletin No. 109  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people are substantially over-represented in the juvenile justice system in Australia, and this over-representation is highest in the most serious processes and outcomes--particularly in detention. This bulletin examines the numbers and characteristics of Indigenous young people in the juvenile justice…

Morgan, Kirsten; Schlumpp, Arianne

2012-01-01

468

‘Connect and create’: Young people, YouTube and Graffiti communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dominant discourses around young people and social networking in the mass media are littered with negative connotations and moral panics. While some scholars challenge this negativity, their focus has predominantly been upon the formation of friendships, the construction of identity and the presentation of the self online. We argue that as well as engaging in such areas, young people are

Ben Light; Marie Griffiths; Siân Lincoln

2012-01-01

469

Participation in Home, Extracurricular, and Community Activities among Children and Young People with Cerebral Palsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Aim: Participation in home, extracurricular, and community activities is a desired outcome of rehabilitation services for children and young people with cerebral palsy (CP). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of age and gross motor function on participation among children and young people with CP. Method: Five hundred…

Orlin, Margo N.; Palisano, Robert J.; Chiarello, Lisa A.; Kang, Lin-Ju; Polansky, Marcia; Almasri, Nihad; Maggs, Jill

2010-01-01

470

Good Listeners--The Context: Hearing the Voices of Children and Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes for children and young people in their learning and in their lives often improve when they are actively involved in decision making. The increasing recognition of rights of children and young people to be heard, to have their views taken seriously and involved in decisions is expressed in national and international developments in…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

471

Good Listeners--2: Hearing the Voices of Children and Young People in Children's Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcomes for children and young people in their learning and in their lives often improve when they are actively involved in decision making. The increasing recognition of rights of children and young people to be heard, to have their views taken seriously and to be involved in decisions affecting their lives is expressed in national and…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

472

Constructing Adulthood in Discussions about the Futures of Young People with Moderate-Profound Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study examines how those planning futures for young people with moderate-profound intellectual disabilities invoke, deploy and interpret contrasting definitions of adulthood and perceived capacity for autonomy and self-determination. Methods: Twenty-eight young people were followed through transition from children: s to adult…

Murphy, Elizabeth; Clegg, Jennifer; Almack, Kathryn

2011-01-01

473

Dramatherapy with Children, Young People and Schools: Enabling Creativity, Sociability, Communication and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Dramatherapy with Children, Young People and Schools" is the first book to specifically evaluate the unique value of dramatherapy in the educational environment. A variety of highly experienced dramatherapists, educational psychologists and childhood experts discuss the benefits to the children and young people, and also in relation to the…

Leigh, Lauraine, Ed.; Gersch, Irvine, Ed.; Dix, Ann, Ed.; Haythorne, Deborah, Ed.

2012-01-01

474

Fears of Violence among English Young People: Disintegration Theory and British Social Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young people are not only the perpetrators of violence; they are also the victims of violent acts. This leads to the question of how young people handle potential risk and how they can reduce the danger of becoming victims. The article stresses the topic of juvenile experience and fear of violence. Starting with a description of the nature of…

Cockburn, Tom

2008-01-01

475

The Social Construction of Young People within Education Policy: Evidence from the UK's Coalition Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since assuming power in May 2010, the UK's Coalition government has devoted considerable energy to formulating its policies with respect to young people. Evidence of this can be found in "Positive for youth: a new approach to cross-government policy for young people aged 13-19", a policy text that outlines a wide range of measures to be…

Brooks, Rachel

2013-01-01

476

Fear appeals in HIV-prevention messages: young people's perceptions in northern Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of the study were to elicit the perceptions of young people in Tanzania on the role of fear appeals in HIV-prevention messages and to identify important contextual factors that may influence young people's perceptions of HIV-prevention posters. A total of 10 focus groups were conducted to investigate the role of fear appeals using the extended parallel process model

Sheri Bastien

2011-01-01

477

Improving Methods of Consulting with Young People: Piloting a New Model of Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National and international legislation has increasingly placed a duty on professionals to consult with young people about matters affecting their lives. Consequently, conducting consultation exercises with young people in order to improve the quality of services available is becoming established practice in many areas. Following on from previous…

Woolfson, Richard C.; Bryce, Donna; Mooney, Lindsay; Harker, Michael; Lowe, Dorothy; Ferguson, Ellen

2008-01-01

478

‘Dead end kids in dead end jobs’? Reshaping debates on young people in jobs without training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people who are in ‘jobs without training’ (JWT) are commonly seen as ‘dead end kids in dead end jobs’. They have been identified as a problem group who need to be encouraged back into formal education and training. Following the Leitch report and the new policy goal to involve all young people in education and training up to the

Jocey Quinn; Robert Lawy; Kim Diment

2008-01-01

479

FORGING BRIGHTER FUTURES: INNOVATIVE APPROACHES TO IMPROVING PROSPECTS FOR AT RISK YOUNG PEOPLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

When young people successfully complete year 12 or its equivalent, their future prospects for health, social status and employment are greatly increased. Re-engaging benefits not only them, but also communities, both economically and socially. However, some young people require additional support to remain in learning and earning pathways and a few need intensive support. This is the core business of

Susanne Koen; Phillipa Duigan

480

Us and Them: Young People's Constructions of National Identity in Cyprus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore young people's constructions of national identity in Cyprus. The article is based on focus group discussions with 20 Greek-speaking and 20 Turkish-speaking young people between 13 and 15 years of age, drawn from two schools in the divided capital city of Nicosia. The article explores both the ways in which…

Leonard, Madeleine

2012-01-01

481

Ambiguities around Sexuality: An Approach to Understanding Harassment and Bullying of Young People in British Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on a small study undertaken in 2001, which examined the experiences of and responses to sexual harassment and bullying adopted by different professionals (teachers, education social workers, youth workers and a school nurse) and by young people (12 to 25-year-olds). It draws together some of the literature relating to young people and sexuality, the main results

Joy Trotter

2009-01-01

482

Ethical and methodological issues in engaging young people living in poverty with participatory research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the methodological and ethical issues arising from a project that focused on conducting a qualitative study using participatory techniques with children and young people living in disadvantage. The main aim of the study was to explore the impact of poverty on children and young people's access to public and private services. The paper discusses the ethical implications

Daniela Sime

2008-01-01

483

Suicide Clusters in Young People: Evidence for the Effectiveness of Postvention Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Suicide clusters have commonly been documented in adolescents and young people. Aims: The current review conducts a literature search in order to identify and evaluate postvention strategies that have been employed in response to suicide clusters in young people. Methods: Online databases, gray literature, and Google were searched for relevant articles relating to postvention interventions following a suicide cluster

Georgina R. Cox; Jo Robinson; Michelle Williamson; Anne Lockley; Yee Tak Derek Cheung; Jane Pirkis

2012-01-01

484

Awareness of Beyondblue: The National Depression Initiative in Australian Young People  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To measure awareness of beyondblue: the national depression initiative and Ybblue (the youth program of beyondblue) in Australian young people and associations between awareness and measures of mental health literacy.Method: A national telephone survey of mental health literacy was conducted with 3746 young people aged 12–25 years. Participants were asked to spontaneously recall organizations related to mental health problems,

Amy Morgan; Anthony Jorm

2007-01-01

485

Listening to children and young people affected by parental HIV: Findings from a Scottish study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, conducted between 1999 and 2002, set out to explore the experiences of children and young people in Scotland with a parent or carer with HIV. The study had three elements: a postal survey of health and social work agencies, interviews with twenty-eight children and young people and a postal survey of schools. The study found little recognition from

V. E. Cree; H. Kay; E. K. M. Tisdall; J. Wallace

2006-01-01

486

Conversations with Young People in Rural and Remote Places: Transforming the Emerging Self  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the laying of a foundation for transformation of the inner world and the emergence of "self" in young people using the Conversational Model. The author works with young people in a technical college in a remote part of Victoria Australia. Some of the clients have experienced extreme trauma as children and live in an ongoing…

Bannerman, Anne Morris

2005-01-01

487

What’s in focus? A critical discussion of photography, children and young people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photography is an increasingly popular research method, used to explore a number of topics with a wide range of social groups, including children and young people. Drawing upon two UK research projects, focused on firstly childcare and secondly children’s mobility, this paper critically considers photography as a research method with children and young people. Firstly, we consider the production of

John Barker; Fiona Smith

2012-01-01

488

Evaluation of Integrated Aimhigher: Tracking Surveys of Young People. Research Report RR811  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The integrated Aimhigher programme was established in 2004 to widen participation in higher education by raising the aspirations and developing the abilities of young people from underrepresented groups. In order to explore the extent to which young people subsequently made a successful transition at 16 and intended, or had decided, to continue…

Ireland, Eleanor; Golden, Sarah; Morris, Marian

2006-01-01

489

Preferences towards Sex Education and Information from a Religiously Diverse Sample of Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to identify the preferences towards sex education and information from a religiously diverse sample of young people. The research builds on growing evidence towards religious affiliation having a strong influence on sexual attitudes and behaviour. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 3,007 young people aged 15-18…

Coleman, Lester

2008-01-01

490

Utopia and Its Discontents: How Young People Are Making Sense of the Public Sphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how producers of civic websites and youth themselves understand the role of deliberation and the public sphere and how this influences their political participation. The authors analyze interviews with young people and with producers of civic websites aimed at young people in Slovenia and contrast the normative ideas of respondents with theories of deliberative democracy. The respondents

Aleksander Sašo Brlek Sla??ek; Maja Han??i?? Turnšek

2010-01-01

491

School Well-Being among Young People: Is It Influenced by the Parents' Socioeconomic Background?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to explore whether the socioeconomic background of the parents has an impact on the school well-being of young people aged 14-18. The literature concerning the position of young people with a lower socioeconomic background in education, reports the so-called gaps between home and school, unequal opportunities, unequal…

Vyverman, Veerle; Vettenburg, Nicole

2009-01-01

492

The turning tides of intoxication: young people's drinking in Britain in the 2000s  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of recent changes in young people's consumption of alcohol in Britain before then charting emerging academic perspectives and some of the recent regulatory and legislative changes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach takes the form of a selective narrative review of young people's alcohol consumption in the last ten years

Fiona Measham

2008-01-01

493

Culturally Appropriate Mentoring for Horn of African Young People in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known about how to appropriately adapt mentoring programs for young people from the Horn of Africa, even though they have been arriving in Australia in significantly increasing numbers. These young people face unique challenges as a result of their age, ethnicity, migration and direct/indirect trauma experiences. The results of this…

Griffiths, Megan; Sawrikar, Pooja; Muir, Kristy

2009-01-01

494

Looking Toward the FutureYoung People's Attitudes About Affirmative Action and the American Dream  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions about affirmative action often exclude the perspective of young people, espe cially secondary-aged students. The purpose of this article is to present young people's attitudes and beliefs about affirmative action. A second purpose is to link perspectives about affirmative action to beliefs about one's future or the American Dream. A summary of 161 high school students' responses to items

Fayneese Miller; Mary Ann Clark

1997-01-01

495

Decolonizing Imaginaries: Rethinking "the People" in the Young Lords' Church Offensive  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This essay is an attempt to come to terms with the Young Lords' popular liberation rhetoric in the church offensive. Building from Michael Calvin McGee's observation that ""the people" are more process than phenomenon," I explore the ways in which the Young Lords' craft "the people's repertory of convictions" from diverse rhetorical resources in…

Enck-Wanzer, Darrel

2012-01-01

496

The Pathways Framework Meets Consumer Culture: Young People, Careers, and Commitment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article engages with current debates in New Zealand over the legitimacy of various young people's activities within a transition-to-work framework based around the metaphor of "pathways". The article argues for a more complex understanding of the imperatives young people now face in choosing careers within a deregulated, seamless tertiary…

Vaughan, Karen

2005-01-01

497

Australian Vocational Education and Training Statistics: Young People in Education and Training, 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian education and training system offers a range of options for young people. This publication provides a summary of the statistics relating to young people aged 15 to 19 years who participated in an education and training activity during 2011. Information on participation is presented for VET in Schools students, school students,…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2012

2012-01-01

498

Internet influences on sexual practices among young people in Hanoi, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the influences of the Internet on adult sexuality are well recognized, research on the potential connection between the Internet and young people's sexuality is still limited. We conducted a qualitative study to examine how young people (aged 15–19 years) in Hanoi, Vietnam used the Internet to develop sexual practices and identities. Our analysis of texts from focus groups, in?depth

Anh D. Ngo; Michael W. Ross; Eric A. Ratliff

2008-01-01

499

Beyond the classroom: the inclusion of young people with learning disabilities in UK mainstream counselling services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counselling is increasingly seen as a way of addressing the psychological needs of young people with emotional, behavioural and academic problems. This paper explores the existing counselling landscape regarding inclusion of young people with learning disabilities in counselling. The research findings are based on data collected from an empirical study (n = 396) and a series of interviews (n =

Sue Pattison

2006-01-01

500

"Dead End Kids in Dead End Jobs"? Reshaping Debates on Young People in Jobs without Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people who are in "jobs without training" (JWT) are commonly seen as "dead end kids in dead end jobs". They have been identified as a problem group who need to be encouraged back into formal education and training. Following the Leitch report and the new policy goal to involve all young people in education and training up to the age of 18,…

Quinn, Jocey; Lawy, Robert; Diment, Kim

2008-01-01