These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Preventing Teen Pregnancy: Coordinating Community Efforts. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations of the House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform and Oversight met to consider the causes of and solutions to teen pregnancy and the role of community organizations in prevention efforts. Opening remarks by Representative Christopher Shays were followed by statements…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

2

Autism--Why the Increased Rates? A One-Year Update. Hearings before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, April 25 and 26, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings before the House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform address possible reasons for the apparently rapid increase in the incidence of autism. An introduction by the Committee Chairman, Dan Burton, provides background information and suggests a possible linkage between autism and the mumps-measles-rubella vaccine,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

3

Governance Reform at China's "985 Project" Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education reform in China is deepening, and the governance reform taking place at the 985 Project universities over the past decade has displayed a shift from government driven to internally driven, from adaptive to proactive, and from localized to systemic. This reflects the overall status of governance reform in China's higher education.…

Qingnian, Xiong; Duanhong, Zhang; Hong, Liu

2011-01-01

4

Policy Evaluation in China's Housing Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation activities in China are examined, focusing on housing reform. How evaluation functions in justifying the political initiatives of the Chinese Communist Party is explored, and the possibility that evaluation research can become an academic field in China using Western methodology is discussed. (SLD)

Xu, Xinyi

1993-01-01

5

The Winners in China's Urban Housing Reform  

PubMed Central

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China’s transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation. PMID:24163494

Logan, John R.; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

2013-01-01

6

The Implications of Welfare Reform for Housing and School Instability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses studies on the housing outcomes of welfare recipients to examine the potential influence of welfare reform on housing instability, which influences school instability. State studies suggest that welfare reform has increased rates of family mobility, evictions, and sharing housing. Limited research suggests that housing instability and…

Nichols, Laura; Gault, Barbara

2003-01-01

7

Reforms in housing sector in India: impact on housing development and housing amenities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing sector in India for several decades faced a number of set-backs, such as an unorganized market, development disparities, a compartmentalized development approach and a deterrent rent control system. There was not even a concerted attempt to understand the housing problem let alone promote it. Reforms introduced in the sector during the 1990s, however, have overturned the situation to

M. Mahadeva

2006-01-01

8

Global Isomorphism and Governance Reform in Chinese Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past three decades, higher education reforms have taken place almost everywhere in the world, and governance or the way that higher education is or should be coordinated has become a global topic. The governance reform in Chinese higher education emerged against such a background. The current studies on Chinese higher education reforms mainly tackle the reform processes and

Yuzhuo Cai

2010-01-01

9

University Governance Reforms: Potential Problems of More Autonomy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University governance reforms are very much a reflection of the broader New Public Management reforms that are focusing on increasing efficiency in public organizations. The article deals with how university reform ideas of a generic nature, emphasizing that universities should be treated and reformed like any other public organizations, are…

Christensen, Tom

2011-01-01

10

Federal Student Loan Programs: Are They Meeting the Needs of Students and Schools? Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (May 26, 2005). Serial Number 109-31  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Government Reform, chaired by Tom Davis (R-VA) convened this oversight hearing to examine Federal Student Loan Programs, specifically the management and performance of the Federal Family Education Loan Program and the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program. The Committee focused on the Department of Education initiatives to…

US House of Representatives, 2005

2005-01-01

11

Declaration of Education: Toward a Culture of Achievement in D.C. Public Schools. Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (May 20, 2005) Serial No. 109-30  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this hearing on the District of Columbia's public school system (DCPS), the Honorable Tom Davis, chairman of the Committee on Government Reform, says in his opening statement that the District's improved health cannot be sustained without a better public school system, and that the lack of performance improvement threatens future growth and…

US House of Representatives, 2005

2005-01-01

12

Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

Sattler, Peggy

2012-01-01

13

Shanghai housing reform. Program a burden on foreign investors.  

PubMed

This document contains a summary of the Housing Reform Program created in Shanghai, China, in 1991, which requires monthly contributions of all employers and employees in Shanghai to a "Collective Reserve Fund." The program also applies to foreign investment enterprises and must be followed by all enterprises, regardless of any previous housing benefits that an enterprise may be providing its employees. Employers must deduct 5% from each employee's salary (with a minimum) monthly and must match that amount. The total is paid into an account in the employer's name with the People's Construction Bank of China. The total amount collected and matched for an employee is considered the property of the employee, but the account is administered by the employer as a collective trust account. Each employee's balance may be withdrawn upon retirement, leaving the area, or purchasing a home and leaving state-owned housing. Foreign investment enterprises contribute a reduced amount in recognition of the fact that they pay salaries that are higher than those of state enterprises. The Housing Reform Program also requires employers to contribute to doubled rent subsidies for public housing, requires workers to purchase housing construction bonds in order to be eligible for newly allocated public housing, calles for housing to be sold at favorable prices, and creates a system whereby mortgages can be obtained from the Collective Reserve Fund. PMID:12348587

Burke, F

1991-09-23

14

Water Governance Reform and Catchment Management in the Mekong Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates complexities and dynamics of water governance reforms at a number of levels in the Mekong Region. It looks comparatively at countries within the region and at the Mekong as a transboundary basin. The study takes catchment management processes as a focus for reform agendas related to water and relates water management in a river basin context to

Philip Hirsch

2006-01-01

15

Breaking the cycle: the implications of the Government's justice Green Paper for housing for former offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In December 2010, the Ministry of Justice published Breaking the Cycle: Effective Punishment, Rehabilitation and Sentencing of Offenders, the Government's Green Paper on criminal justice reform. This paper seeks to discuss the implications of this Green Paper on housing for offenders. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper examines the proposals set out in the Green Paper, and in particular the

Jon Collins

2011-01-01

16

Metropolitan Governance in Canada or the Persistence of Institutional Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we explore the main features of metropolitan governance in Canada. The first part of the paper is devoted to a brief overview of the characteristics of metropolitan areas in Canada and the system of local government. Secondly, we focus our analysis on the leading metropolitan areas, paying special attention to the reforms that they have overcome in

Jean-Pierre Collin; Mariona Tomàs

17

An investigation of the association between corporate governance, earnings management and the effect of governance reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of recent corporate governance reforms on the association between governance practices and earnings management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study examines the impact of corporate governance reforms by using a firm fixed-effect, cross-sectional analysis of 200 firms listed on the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) for the financial years ending in

Marion R. Hutchinson; Majella Percy; Leyal Erkurtoglu

2008-01-01

18

Nationalism, Patriarchy, and Moralism: The Government-Led Food Reform in Contemporary Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government-led food reforms are increasingly prevalent and they are often seen as a welcome corrective to the neoliberalization of the agrofood system. Yet Japanese government's food reform initiatives demonstrates that government food reform does not necessarily increase oversight and regulation or address fundamental problems of the food system. Although the official goals of reform are food safety and public health,

Aya Hirata Kimura

2011-01-01

19

And Now What about Reforming Cambridge Governance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After its recent Assurance visit from HEFCE, Oxford went through a high profile public debate at the end of which its academic community voted against moving to a governance structure which would have given Oxford a majority of external members on its Council. The Higher Education Funding Council asked Oxford to answer eight questions justifying…

Evans, G. R.

2009-01-01

20

Public Housing Reform and Neighborhood Schools: How Local Contexts "Must" Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992, Congress enacted the HOPE VI program to overhaul the nation's public housing policy. The reform legislation was prompted by a report commissioned by Congress that deemed two-thirds of all public housing "severely distressed." Since the landmark public housing policy was enacted in 1992, the Department of Housing and Urban Development…

Smrekar, Claire

2009-01-01

21

Sales compensation governance: the last frontier of corporate reform.  

PubMed

The area of sales compensation has remained relatively untouched by recent pressures for compensation reform. This article highlights some of the ways that sales organizations stumble in managing their compensation programs, and why it takes more than a simple tactical fix to address these problems effectively. The authors describe a more structured governance framework that not only identifies and resolves key sales compensation issues, but ultimately safeguards the effectiveness and financial integrity of the sales organization itself. PMID:15015424

Gundy, Peter R; Gaeta, Elizabeth C

2004-01-01

22

The downside of marketization: A multilevel analysis of housing tenure and types in reform-era urban China.  

PubMed

Based on data from the 2005 National Population Sample Survey and compiled covariates of 205 prefectures, this research adopted principal-component and multilevel-logistic analyses to study homeownership in urban China. Although the housing reform has severed the link between work units and residence, working in state sectors (government, state-owned enterprises and collective firms) remained significant in determining a household's entitlement to reform-era housing with heavy subsidies or better qualities. While the prefecture-level index of marketization reduced local homeownership of self-built housing, affordable housing and privatized housing, its effect is moderated by cross-level interactions with income, education and working in state sectors across different types of housing. Meanwhile, the index of political and market connections promoted all types of homeownership except for self-built housing. By situating the downside of marketization within a context of urban transformation, this research not only challenges the teleological premise of the neoliberal market transition theory but calls for research on institutional dynamics and social consequences of urban transformation in China. PMID:25432608

Fu, Qiang; Zhu, Yushu; Ren, Qiang

2015-01-01

23

Early Childhood Interventions: Public-Private Partnerships. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings transcripts recount testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives concerning early childhood development programs. Testimony addressed the questions of how public and private investments in early childhood programs contribute to successful outcomes for infants and mothers, and how these successes can be measured and replicated…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

24

Welfare Reform Impacts on the Public Housing Program: A Preliminary Forecast: HUD USER  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users may download this report and accompanying charts from the HUD USER site. The report "examines the implications of welfare reform for public housing authorities (PHAs), whose residents traditionally contribute a portion of their incomes for rent." The report focuses on a small number of diverse housing authorities and finds that the effects of welfare reform on tenant incomes and PHA rent revenues will most probably vary considerably.

25

Human Capital: Attracting and Retaining a High-Quality Information Technology Workforce. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The General Accounting Office examined the problem of attracting and retaining a high-quality information technology (IT) workforce in federal government agencies. The problem was traced to a longstanding lack of effective leadership and management and lack of a strategic approach to marshaling, managing, and maintaining the human capital needed…

McClure, David L.

26

Final report of the National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission: will we get the health care governance reform we need?  

PubMed

The National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission (NHHRC) has recommended that Australia develop a "single health system", governed by the federal government. Steps to achieving this include: a "Healthy Australia Accord" to agree on the reform framework; the progressive takeover of funding of public hospitals by the federal government; and the possible implementation of a consumer-choice health funding model, called "Medicare Select". These proposals face significant implementation issues, and the final solution needs to deal with both financial and political sustainability. If the federal and state governments cannot agree on a reform plan, the Prime Minister may need to go to the electorate for a mandate, which may be shaped by other economic issues such as tax reform and intergenerational challenges. PMID:19807630

Stoelwinder, Johannes U

2009-10-01

27

Things Governments Do to Money: A Recent History of Currency Reform Schemes and Scams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Confiscation of currency has sometimes occurred through the fine print of currency reforms. While only a small fraction of currency reforms worldwide have masked a confiscation, when they don't they are likely to follow a hyperinflationary bout. Thus, one way or another, currency reforms are emblematic of government reneging on its most idiosyncratic liability or extracting monopoly rents from its

Ignacio Mas

1995-01-01

28

Evaluating the Labour Government's English NHS health system reforms: the 2008 Darzi reforms.  

PubMed

Starting in 2002, the UK Labour Government of 1997-2010 introduced a series of changes to the National Health Service (NHS) in England designed to increase patients' choices of the place of elective hospital care and encourage competition among public and private providers of elective hospital services for NHS-funded patients. In 2006, the Department of Health initiated the Health Reform Evaluation Programme (HREP) to assess the impact of the changes. In June 2008, the White Paper, High quality care for all, was published. It represented the government's desire to focus the next phase of health care system reform in England as much on the quality of care as on improving its responsiveness and efficiency. The 2008 White Paper led to the commissioning of a further wave of evaluative research under the auspices of HREP, as follows: an evaluation of the implementation and outcomes of care planning for people with long-term conditions; an evaluation of the personal health budget pilots; an evaluation of the implementation and outcomes of the Commissioning for Quality and Innovation (CQUIN) framework; and an evaluation of cultural and behavioural change in the NHS focused on ensuring high quality care for all. This Supplement includes papers from each project. The evaluations present a mixed picture of the impact and success of the 2008 reforms. All the studies identify some limitations of the policies in the White Paper. The introduction of personal health budgets appears to have been the least problematic and, depending on assumptions, likely to be cost-effective for the sorts of patients involved in the pilot. For the rest of the changes, impacts ranged from little or none (CQUIN and care planning for people with chronic conditions) to patchy and highly variable (instilling a culture of quality in acute hospitals) in the three years following the publication of the White Paper. On the other hand, each of the studies identifies important insights relevant to modifying and improving the policies. These findings have continuing relevance since both the 2008 White Paper's policies, and the issues they were focused on remedying, remain central to the current Coalition Government's reform agenda. PMID:24121832

Mays, Nicholas

2013-10-01

29

We live here : tenants and the Massachusetts Public Housing Reform debate  

E-print Network

The embezzlement and corruption scandal surrounding the director of a local Massachusetts housing authority in late 2011 spurred a heated public debate about governance and efficiency in the state-funded public housing ...

Sappelt, Ruth

2014-01-01

30

Upgrading : an alternative approach towards housing reform in China  

E-print Network

The thesis is a study on urban housing upgrading in China. The main objective is to look at upgrading, which has been widely used in many developing countries, as an alternative approach to solving the existing urban housing ...

He, Fang, 1956-

1989-01-01

31

Good governance and budget reform in Lesotho Public Hospitals: performance, root causes and reality.  

PubMed

Lesotho has been implementing financial management reforms, including performance-based budgeting (PBB) since 2005 in an effort to increase accountability, transparency and effectiveness in governance, yet little is known about how these efforts are affecting the health sector. Supported by several development partners and $24 million in external resources, the PBB reform is intended to strengthen government capacity to manage aid funds directly and to target assistance to pressing social priorities. This study designed and tested a methodology for measuring implementation progress for PBB reform in the hospital sector in Lesotho. We found that despite some efforts on the national level to promote and support reform implementation, staff at the hospital level were largely unaware of the purpose of the reform and had made almost no progress in transforming institutions and systems to fully realize reform goals. Problems can be traced to a complex reform design, inadequate personnel and capacity to implement, professional boundaries between financial and clinical personnel and weak leadership. The Lesotho reform experience suggests that less complex designs for budget reform, better adapted to the context and realities of health sectors in developing countries, may be needed to improve governance. It also highlights the importance of measuring reform implementation at the sectoral level. PMID:23293099

Vian, Taryn; Bicknell, William J

2014-09-01

32

[Governance and health: the rise of the managerialism in public sector reform].  

PubMed

The article examines various healthcare systems reform projects in Canada and some Canadian provinces and reveals some tendencies in governance renewal. The analisis is based on the hypothesis that reform is an exercise aiming at the renewal of governance conception and practices. In renewing governance, reform leaders hope to use adequate and effective levers to attain announced reform objectives. The article shows that the conceptions and operational modalities of governance have changed over time and that they reveal tensions inherent to the transformation and legitimation process of public healthcare systems. The first section discusses the relationships between reform and change. The second section defines the conception of gouvernance used for the analisis. Based on a content analisis of the various reform reports, the third section reveals the evolution of the conception of governance in healthcare systems in Canada. In order to expose the new tendencies, ideologies and operational principles at the heart of the reform projects are analysed. Five ideologies are identified: the democratic ideology, the "population health" ideology, the business ideology, the managerial ideology and the ideology of equity and humanism. This leads to a discussion on the dominant influence of the managerial ideology in the current reform projects. PMID:20963305

Denis, Jean L; Lamothe, Lise; Langley, Ann; Stéphane, Guérard

2010-01-01

33

Technocratic Solutions versus Political Realities: Implementing Governance Reforms in the Balochistan Province of Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost immediately after taking power in 1999, Pakistan's fourth military regime articulated a seven point agenda that in large measure entailed governance policy shifts – the key being decentralization of powers and democratic local governance. Pakistan's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) articulated these goals in the pro-poor growth framework. The international aid community favoured this reform climate and the Asian

Raza Ahmad; Syed A. A. Akif

2007-01-01

34

Change of government: one more big bang health care reform in England's National Health Service.  

PubMed

Once again the National Health Service (NHS) in England is undergoing major reform, following the election of a new coalition government keen to reduce the role of the state and cut back on big government. The NHS has been undergoing continuous reform since the 1980s. Yet, despite the significant transaction costs incurred, there is no evidence that the claimed benefits have been achieved. Many of the same problems endure. The reforms follow the direction of change laid down by the last Conservative government in the early 1990s, which the recent Labour government did not overturn despite a commitment to do so. Indeed, under Labour, the NHS was subjected to further market-style changes that have paved the way for the latest round of reform. The article considers the appeal of big bang reform, questions its purpose and value, and critically appraises the nature and extent of the proposed changes in this latest round of reform. It warns that the NHS in its current form may not survive the changes, as they open the way to privatization and a weakening of its public service ethos. PMID:21319727

Hunter, David J

2011-01-01

35

Organized Hypocrisy and Global Governance: Implications for United Nations Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper considers organized hypocrisy as both a source of and potential obstacle to proposed institutional reforms to the United Nations, with a particular focus on UN peace operations. International organizations such as the UN are subject to conflicting demands to meet the requirements of both normative standards and efficient coordinated action. Such pressures give rise to “organized hypocrisy,”

Michael Lipson

36

The Reform of School Governance in the Republic of Ireland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Irish education system is a privatized, state-funded patchwork, with five separate types of secondary schools whose governance structures vary according to church, state, or local authority ownership. A 1995 government white paper recommends a more coherent governance structure with state, regional, and school-site decision-making levels.…

Lennon, Charlie; White, John

1997-01-01

37

Educational Reform in Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oklahoma's answer to the cry for reform and involvement in education emerged as House Bill 1017, a comprehensive $223 million school reform and tax act. This article reviews the HR 1017 story, focusing on its legislative enactment history and offering a content analysis of mandated changes in finance, personnel, governance, student assessment,…

Butorac, Marylin M.; First, Patricia F.

1994-01-01

38

If it's Broken, Don't Fix it: The Government of the Euro area in the EU "Reform Treaty"  

E-print Network

If it's Broken, Don't Fix it: The Government of the Euro area in the EU "Reform Treaty" N° 2007: The Government of the Euro area in the EU "Reform Treaty" �loi Laurent OFCE (Sciences-po Center for Economic The government of the Euro area ­ the institutions, objectives and instruments of the regional area pooling

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

39

Institutions, Reforms, and Country Risk: Lessons from Japanese Government Debt in the Meiji Period  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract We evaluate the effect of the establishment of modern state institutions (e.g. a central bank or a constitution) on the risk premium,associated with government,debt traded abroad. Drawing on evidence from one of the most dramatic reform periods in modern history, and using data onsovereign debt traded in London between 1870 and 1914, we investigate the impact of major reforms

Nathan Sussman; Yishay Yafeh

1999-01-01

40

Reform and Resistance: The Regulation of Government Advertising in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia, a laissez faire approach to regulating government advertising allowed the Howard Government to spend over AUS$1 billion on advertising between 1996 and 2005 despite ongoing accusations of misuse for partisan benefit; two Auditor-General reports, three Parliamentary inquiries and three Private Members' Bills calling for stronger regulation; and a failed High Court challenge. This paper explains the current system

Sally Young

41

Organisational change and innovation system dynamics: the reform of the UK government defence research establishments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the end of the Cold War, ministries of defence in Europe and the United States have sought new models for the management\\u000a of government defence research laboratories. The United Kingdom’s reform and subsequent privatisation of its government defence\\u000a research establishments (GDREs) represents one of the most radical policy responses. This paper considers the UK case through\\u000a the lens of

Andrew D. James

2009-01-01

42

Reversing privatization, rebalancing government reform: Markets, deliberation and planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decades of the 20th century witnessed a profound experiment to increase the role of markets in local government service delivery. However, that experiment has failed to deliver adequately on efficiency, equity or voice criteria. This has led to reversals. But this reverse privatization process is not a return to the direct public monopoly delivery model of old. Instead

Mildred E. Warner

2008-01-01

43

76 FR 14273 - Government Reform for Competitiveness and Innovation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...effectiveness so that it can best support American competitiveness...Government in a way that best serves this goal. By this...perspectives on what we are doing well and where we could improve...on taxpayer dollars, and best serve the American...

2011-03-16

44

Information Technology and Administrative Reform: Will E-Government Be Different?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the theoretical ideal of information technology as an instru- ment of administrative reform and examines the extent to which that ideal has been achieved in the UnitedStates.? Ittakesalookatthefindingsfromresearchaboutthe? use and impacts of information technology from the time of the mainframe computer through the PC revolution to the current era of the Internet and e-government. It then concludes

Kenneth L. Kraemer; John Leslie King

2006-01-01

45

Reforming School Governance in Taiwan and South Korea: Empowerment and Autonomization in School-Based Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The article aims to use the globalization theory and the implications of democratization for social policy to analyze the school governance reforms in Taiwan and South Korea. Design/methodology/approach: The article describes the main features of decentralization policy in the school sectors in the two societies with a historical review…

Lo, William Yat Wai; Gu, Ja Oek

2008-01-01

46

Between Efficiency, Capability and Recognition: Competing Epistemes in Global Governance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines global governance reforms as a site of contestation between three different "truths"/epistemes (the market, human rights principles, and cultural identity) in terms of the competing principles of efficiency, capability, and recognition. Nancy Fraser's conceptions of participation parity and a dialogical approach of…

Chan, Jennifer

2007-01-01

47

Competition between Public Supervision and Professional Management: An Ethnographic Study of School Governance Reforms in Switzerland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses insights from an ethnographic study of local governance practices in the Canton of Bern, Switzerland, under changing policy conditions. Recent reforms introduced and strengthened the position of head teachers, enhanced the responsibility of the municipalities and introduced new quality management procedures in local…

Hangartner, Judith; Svaton, Carla Jana

2014-01-01

48

Educational Reforms in Malta: A Missed Opportunity to Establish Distributed Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically analyses the current Maltese educational reform process, which aimed to transform educational governance in Malta from a centralized system to a more decentralized one. This longitudinal study adopted a multi-site inquiry of a sample of the colleges involving different stakeholders, including key policy-makers, college…

Cutajar, Mario; Bezzina, Christopher; James, Chris

2013-01-01

49

Housing poverty and the role of urban governance in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how South Korea’s rapid economic growth failed to produce solutions to housing problems in urban areas. In 2000, nearly onequarter of all households lived in accommodation that did not meet minimum standards in terms of floor space and basic facilities. Many households live in single rooms in illegal or sub-standard lodgings, or in houses built of vinyl

Seong-Kyu Ha

2004-01-01

50

31 CFR 1030.320 - Reports by housing government sponsored enterprises of suspicious transactions.  

...320 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FINANCIAL CRIMES ENFORCEMENT NETWORK, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY RULES FOR HOUSING GOVERNMENT SPONSORED ENTERPRISES Reports Required To Be Made by...

2014-07-01

51

(Re)form with Substance? Restructuring and governance in the Australian health system 2004/05  

PubMed Central

The Australian health system has been the subject of multiple reviews and reorganisations over the last twenty years or more. The year 2004–2005 was no different. This paper reviews the reforms, (re)structures and governance arrangements in place at both the national and state/territory levels in the last year. At the national level some progress has been made in 2004/05 through the Australian Health Ministers' Council and there is now a national health reform agenda, albeit not a comprehensive one, endorsed by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in June 2005. Quality and safety was an increasing focus in 2004–2005 at both the national and jurisdictional levels, as was the need for workforce reform. Although renewed policy attention was given to the need to better integrate and coordinate health care, there is little evidence of any real progress this last year. More progress was made on a national approach to workforce reform. At the jurisdictional level, the usual rounds of reviews and restructuring occurred in several jurisdictions and, in 2005, they are organisationally very different from each other. The structure and effectiveness of jurisdictional health authorities are now more important. All health authorities are being expected to drive an ambitious set of national and local reforms. At the same time, most have now blurred the boundary between policy and service delivery and are devoting significant resources to centrally 'crisis managing' their service systems. These same reasons led to decentralisation in previous restructuring cycles. While there were many changes in 2004–2005, and a new national report to COAG on health reform is expected at the end of 2005, based on current evidence there is little room for optimism about the prospects for real progress. PMID:16120207

Rix, Mark; Owen, Alan; Eagar, Kathy

2005-01-01

52

(Re)form with substance? Restructuring and governance in the Australian health system 2004/05.  

PubMed

The Australian health system has been the subject of multiple reviews and reorganisations over the last twenty years or more. The year 2004-2005 was no different. This paper reviews the reforms, (re)structures and governance arrangements in place at both the national and state/territory levels in the last year. At the national level some progress has been made in 2004/05 through the Australian Health Ministers' Council and there is now a national health reform agenda, albeit not a comprehensive one, endorsed by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in June 2005. Quality and safety was an increasing focus in 2004-2005 at both the national and jurisdictional levels, as was the need for workforce reform. Although renewed policy attention was given to the need to better integrate and coordinate health care, there is little evidence of any real progress this last year. More progress was made on a national approach to workforce reform. At the jurisdictional level, the usual rounds of reviews and restructuring occurred in several jurisdictions and, in 2005, they are organisationally very different from each other. The structure and effectiveness of jurisdictional health authorities are now more important. All health authorities are being expected to drive an ambitious set of national and local reforms. At the same time, most have now blurred the boundary between policy and service delivery and are devoting significant resources to centrally 'crisis managing' their service systems. These same reasons led to decentralisation in previous restructuring cycles. While there were many changes in 2004-2005, and a new national report to COAG on health reform is expected at the end of 2005, based on current evidence there is little room for optimism about the prospects for real progress. PMID:16120207

Rix, Mark; Owen, Alan; Eagar, Kathy

2005-08-24

53

Student Government; Organization and Function in Married-Student Housing Areas of Selected Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, conducted in 12 institutions in Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, and Arizona, investigated the form and function of student government in college and university family housing areas; examined pertinent literature, legislative action, and litigation; sought problems common to students in family housing that could be…

Tempel, Norman F.

54

Post-Asian financial crisis reforms: an emerging new embedded-relational governance model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The late 1980s and early 1990s saw rapid economic growth and subjugation of social policy and environmental concerns, as development was driven through the corporate and financial sectors in East and Southeast Asian economies, fuelled by free market reforms as societies edged towards neo-liberalism. The Asian financial crisis was the catalyst for the emergence of a new embedded-relational governance model,

Janice A. Loftus; John A. Purcell

2008-01-01

55

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans  

...such loan to the borrower, the Government hereby consents to the...property: Except That, The Government shall retain a first...Borrower's Rural Housing Site Loan debt to the Government. This subordination...

2014-01-01

56

The role of law and governance reform in the global response to non-communicable diseases  

PubMed Central

Addressing non-communicable diseases (“NCDs”) and their risk-factors is one of the most powerful ways of improving longevity and healthy life expectancy for the foreseeable future – especially in low- and middle-income countries. This paper reviews the role of law and governance reform in that process. We highlight the need for a comprehensive approach that is grounded in the right to health and addresses three aspects: preventing NCDs and their risk factors, improving access to NCD treatments, and addressing the social impacts of illness. We highlight some of the major impediments to the passage and implementation of laws for the prevention and control of NCDs, and identify important practical steps that governments can take as they consider legal and governance reforms at country level. We review the emerging global architecture for NCDs, and emphasise the need for governance structures to harness the energy of civil society organisations and to create a global movement that influences the policy agenda at the country level. We also argue that the global monitoring framework would be more effective if it included key legal and policy indicators. The paper identifies priorities for technical legal assistance in implementing the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020. These include high-quality legal resources to assist countries to evaluate reform options, investment in legal capacity building, and global leadership to respond to the likely increase in requests by countries for technical legal assistance. We urge development agencies and other funders to recognise the need for development assistance in these areas. Throughout the paper, we point to global experience in dealing with HIV and draw out some relevant lessons for NCDs. PMID:24903332

2014-01-01

57

The role of law and governance reform in the global response to non-communicable diseases.  

PubMed

Addressing non-communicable diseases ("NCDs") and their risk-factors is one of the most powerful ways of improving longevity and healthy life expectancy for the foreseeable future - especially in low- and middle-income countries. This paper reviews the role of law and governance reform in that process. We highlight the need for a comprehensive approach that is grounded in the right to health and addresses three aspects: preventing NCDs and their risk factors, improving access to NCD treatments, and addressing the social impacts of illness. We highlight some of the major impediments to the passage and implementation of laws for the prevention and control of NCDs, and identify important practical steps that governments can take as they consider legal and governance reforms at country level.We review the emerging global architecture for NCDs, and emphasise the need for governance structures to harness the energy of civil society organisations and to create a global movement that influences the policy agenda at the country level. We also argue that the global monitoring framework would be more effective if it included key legal and policy indicators. The paper identifies priorities for technical legal assistance in implementing the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013-2020. These include high-quality legal resources to assist countries to evaluate reform options, investment in legal capacity building, and global leadership to respond to the likely increase in requests by countries for technical legal assistance. We urge development agencies and other funders to recognise the need for development assistance in these areas. Throughout the paper, we point to global experience in dealing with HIV and draw out some relevant lessons for NCDs. PMID:24903332

Magnusson, Roger S; Patterson, David

2014-01-01

58

The neoliberal triad of anti-health reforms: government budget cutting, deregulation, and privatization.  

PubMed

This paper presents the author's experiences and perceptions of the neoliberal triad of anti-health reforms--government budget cutting, deregulation, and privatization--which have been promulgated worldwide by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The causes of this phenomenon are analyzed, and specific alternative health policies are recommended. The role of epidemiology in documenting the damages to health resulting from the anti-health reforms is discussed. Finally, the paper emphasizes the need not only for national organizational strategies but for action on the international level. The opponents of privatization need to meet together, to exchange experiences, and to develop effective strategies on a world scale that can be applied in industrial and developing nations. PMID:10408170

Terris, M

1999-01-01

59

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit : HERA, ARRA and beyond  

E-print Network

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) has arguably been the most successful government subsidy to finance affordable housing. Since its creation in the Tax Reform Act of 1986 as Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 42, ...

Korb, Jason (Jason Bryan Patricof)

2009-01-01

60

Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

61

77 FR 76064 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Reform Act: Changes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...occupancy policies for both the public and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Public housing authorities must have on hand and available...maintained and made available by public housing authorities. DATES: Comments Due...

2012-12-26

62

The Politics of Organizational Reform: An Exploratory Study of the Effects of Corporate Management on Selected Aspects of the Education Service in English Local Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1974 local government in England underwent external and internal reform. The external reforms involved changes in governmental structures and functions, while the internal reforms involved the introduction of "corporate management," a concept stressing more centralized administration and fewer local executive bodies. This paper first traces the…

Housego, Ian E.

63

School Violence: What Is Being Done To Combat School Violence? What Should Be Done? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session (May 20, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School violence at all levels of education is an issue that Congress has a responsibility to address. By calling together diverse groups from across the Nation, this subcommittee of the House of Representatives worked with federal, state, and local officials to confront a national problem. Statements and letters were received from representatives…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House.

64

The Drug Threat to Teens in Our Rural Communities. Hearing before the Subcommittee on National Security, International Affairs, and Criminal Justice of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session (DeKalb, IL, July 7, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A House subcommittee hearing held in DeKalb, Illinois, received testimony on drug abuse problems among young people in small towns and rural areas. Personal experiences of drugs and their effects on young people were described in statements from the mother of a victim of drug-related violence, a former drug dealer, a former drug user and gang…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

65

Public Sector Reform and Governance for Adaptation: Implications of New Public Management for Adaptive Capacity in Mexico and Norway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although many governments are assuming the responsibility of initiating adaptation policy in relation to climate change, the compatibility of "governance-for-adaptation" with the current paradigms of public administration has generally been overlooked. Over the last several decades, countries around the globe have embraced variants of the philosophy of administration broadly called "New Public Management" (NPM) in an effort to improve administrative efficiencies and the provision of public services. Using evidence from a case study of reforms in the building sector in Norway, and a case study of water and flood risk management in central Mexico, we analyze the implications of the adoption of the tenets of NPM for adaptive capacity. Our cases illustrate that some of the key attributes associated with governance for adaptation—namely, technical and financial capacities; institutional memory, learning and knowledge; and participation and accountability—have been eroded by NPM reforms. Despite improvements in specific operational tasks of the public sector in each case, we show that the success of NPM reforms presumes the existence of core elements of governance that have often been found lacking, including solid institutional frameworks and accountability. Our analysis illustrates the importance of considering both longer-term adaptive capacities and short-term efficiency goals in public sector administration reform.

Eakin, Hallie; Eriksen, Siri; Eikeland, Per-Ove; Øyen, Cecilie

2011-03-01

66

Public sector reform and governance for adaptation: implications of new public management for adaptive capacity in Mexico and Norway.  

PubMed

Although many governments are assuming the responsibility of initiating adaptation policy in relation to climate change, the compatibility of "governance-for-adaptation" with the current paradigms of public administration has generally been overlooked. Over the last several decades, countries around the globe have embraced variants of the philosophy of administration broadly called "New Public Management" (NPM) in an effort to improve administrative efficiencies and the provision of public services. Using evidence from a case study of reforms in the building sector in Norway, and a case study of water and flood risk management in central Mexico, we analyze the implications of the adoption of the tenets of NPM for adaptive capacity. Our cases illustrate that some of the key attributes associated with governance for adaptation--namely, technical and financial capacities; institutional memory, learning and knowledge; and participation and accountability--have been eroded by NPM reforms. Despite improvements in specific operational tasks of the public sector in each case, we show that the success of NPM reforms presumes the existence of core elements of governance that have often been found lacking, including solid institutional frameworks and accountability. Our analysis illustrates the importance of considering both longer-term adaptive capacities and short-term efficiency goals in public sector administration reform. PMID:21229245

Eakin, Hallie; Eriksen, Siri; Eikeland, Per-Ove; Øyen, Cecilie

2011-03-01

67

How Planning Works in an Age of Reform: Land, Sustainability, and Housing Development Traditions in Zanzibar  

E-print Network

This is a geographical study of urban planning focusing on the on-going neoliberal land reform practices introduced in Zanzibar since the end of the 1980s as a major effort to improve the land sector. Throughout the application of these reforms...

Muhajir, Makame Ali Haji

2011-04-26

68

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Rural Housing Site Loans C Exhibit C to Subpart G of Part 1822 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...Procedures, and Authorizations Pt. 1822, Subpt. G, Exh. C Exhibit C to Subpart G of Part 1822—Subordination by the Government...

2011-01-01

69

Comparison as Curriculum Governance: Dynamics of the European-Wide Governance Technology of Comparison within England's National Curriculum Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum is a governance technology of knowledge production and is also itself governed by complex dynamics within European education policy space. This article focuses on how the curriculum is governed by comparative knowledge; in particular, it identifies how this facet of governance has manifested itself within the policy space of…

Papanastasiou, Natalie

2012-01-01

70

Housing and Planning: A Century of Social Reform and Local Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: From the antislum crusades of the Progressive Era to the idealistic regional planning and public housing movements of the New Deal, the postwar urban renewal controversies, and recent attempts at integrating suburban America, housing advocates have pressed urban planners to take up the moral challenges of their profession. Many planners, especially since the 1960s, have met the challenges by

Alexander von Hoffman

2009-01-01

71

The Long Road to Housing Reform: Lessons from the Chilean Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chile's housing policy is widely regarded as a success. For almost a decade, new construction has been above the level required to provide houses for new families and replace obsolete structures. This raises hopes that within the next decade all families in Chile will occupy dwellings that comply with minimum quality and service standards. This is no small accomplishment for

Eduardo Rojas

1999-01-01

72

24 CFR 945.303 - Requirements governing occupancy in designated housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...HOUSING-PUBLIC HOUSING DESIGNATED FOR OCCUPANCY BY DISABLED, ELDERLY, OR DISABLED AND ELDERLY FAMILIES Operating Designated Housing § 945...Eligibility of other families for housing designated for elderly families —(1) Insufficient elderly...

2011-04-01

73

24 CFR 945.303 - Requirements governing occupancy in designated housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HOUSING-PUBLIC HOUSING DESIGNATED FOR OCCUPANCY BY DISABLED, ELDERLY, OR DISABLED AND ELDERLY FAMILIES Operating Designated Housing § 945...Eligibility of other families for housing designated for elderly families —(1) Insufficient elderly...

2010-04-01

74

24 CFR 945.303 - Requirements governing occupancy in designated housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOUSING-PUBLIC HOUSING DESIGNATED FOR OCCUPANCY BY DISABLED, ELDERLY, OR DISABLED AND ELDERLY FAMILIES Operating Designated Housing § 945...Eligibility of other families for housing designated for elderly families —(1) Insufficient elderly...

2013-04-01

75

24 CFR 945.303 - Requirements governing occupancy in designated housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...HOUSING-PUBLIC HOUSING DESIGNATED FOR OCCUPANCY BY DISABLED, ELDERLY, OR DISABLED AND ELDERLY FAMILIES Operating Designated Housing § 945...Eligibility of other families for housing designated for elderly families —(1) Insufficient elderly...

2012-04-01

76

24 CFR 945.303 - Requirements governing occupancy in designated housing.  

...HOUSING-PUBLIC HOUSING DESIGNATED FOR OCCUPANCY BY DISABLED, ELDERLY, OR DISABLED AND ELDERLY FAMILIES Operating Designated Housing § 945...Eligibility of other families for housing designated for elderly families —(1) Insufficient elderly...

2014-04-01

77

United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform  

E-print Network

of global leadership in the emerging clean energy economy My comments today will be focused Class of 1935 Distinguished Professor of Energy in the Energy and Resources Group (ERG), the Goldman School of Public Policy and the Department of Nuclear Engineering Co-director, Berkeley Institute

Kammen, Daniel M.

78

49 CFR 24.403 - Additional rules governing replacement housing payments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...after death. A replacement housing payment is personal to the...occupancy of the replacement housing shall be paid. (2) Any...Any portion of a replacement housing payment necessary to satisfy...dwelling when computing the price differential. (See §...

2010-10-01

79

49 CFR 24.403 - Additional rules governing replacement housing payments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...after death. A replacement housing payment is personal to the...occupancy of the replacement housing shall be paid. (2) Any...Any portion of a replacement housing payment necessary to satisfy...dwelling when computing the price differential. (See §...

2013-10-01

80

49 CFR 24.403 - Additional rules governing replacement housing payments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...after death. A replacement housing payment is personal to the...occupancy of the replacement housing shall be paid. (2) Any...Any portion of a replacement housing payment necessary to satisfy...dwelling when computing the price differential. (See §...

2011-10-01

81

49 CFR 24.403 - Additional rules governing replacement housing payments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...after death. A replacement housing payment is personal to the...occupancy of the replacement housing shall be paid. (2) Any...Any portion of a replacement housing payment necessary to satisfy...dwelling when computing the price differential. (See §...

2012-10-01

82

Constitutional Prospects for the Implementation of Funding and Governance Reforms in Latin American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rationale for comprehensive reform of Latin American higher education crystallized in the mid-1990s in policy documents published by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. This "Washington consensus" of the multilateral banks advocated, among other measures, greater reliance on private sources of funding, increased…

Bernasconi, Andres

2007-01-01

83

Splintered Accountability: State Governance and Education Reform. SUNY Series in Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act declared that improving education in every school in the United States was a top national priority. However, this act did not acknowledge how state departments of education have successfully constructed reforms for the past few decades, despite the power struggle between governors, legislators, school districts, and…

Shober, Arnold F.

2010-01-01

84

Shaping the bargaining agenda. The Audit Commission and public service reform in British local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the role of the Audit Commission (AC) in local government collective bargaining. While the AC has no official role in such bargaining, it has a role in monitoring the performance of local government services. In this role the AC has a clear potential, in the context of the government's ‘modernization’ agenda – as manifested in its ‘Best

Ian Roper; Paul Higgins; Phil James

2007-01-01

85

Governance of State Wildlife Management: Reform and Revive or Resist and Retrench?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governance of state wildlife management has been under scrutiny with respect to its ability to change to reflect the values, norms, and cultural beliefs of contemporary society. This article reviews the existing model of governance for state wildlife management; outlines concerns about this model in light of a changing social context; discusses alternative approaches; and offers considerations for how governance

Cynthia A. Jacobson; Daniel J. Decker

2008-01-01

86

Mental incapacity: some proposals for legislative reform.  

PubMed Central

While the decision of the House of Lords in Re F in [1990] clarified somewhat the law concerning the treatment of the mentally incapacitated adult, many uncertainties remained. This paper explores proposals discussed in a recent government green paper for reform of the law in an area involving many difficult ethical dilemmas. PMID:9800588

McHale, J V

1998-01-01

87

Planning across distance : remote housing and government intervention in Australia's Northern Territory  

E-print Network

At the time of its inception in 2008, the Strategic Indigenous Housing and Infrastructure Program (SIHIP) was the largest indigenous housing program in Australia's history. SIHIP represented a $672million investment by the ...

Steyer, Matthew August

2012-01-01

88

Collective private ownership of American housing:a social revolution in local governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1970 only one percent of American housing units were located in a homeowner association, condominium or cooperative - the three main instruments of collective private ownership of housing. By 1998, this figure had risen to 15 percent. In major metropolitan areas, 50 percent of new housing units is being built and sold as part of a collective ownership regime.

Robert H. Nelson

2000-01-01

89

The exploration and research of e-government profession teaching reform in higher vocational college  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of e-government, there is a serious lack of compound talents who both understand information technology and the government management, how to meet the market demands, how to lay a solid foundation for their future work is become a serious problem. In order to solve these problems, this paper first puts forward the necessity and urgency of teaching

Xinli Hu; Fuqin Wen

2010-01-01

90

Transparency to what end? Governing by disclosure through the biosafety clearing house  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although transparency is a key concept in the social sciences, it remains an understudied phenomenon in global environmental governance. This paper analyzes effectiveness of ‘governance by transparency’ or governance by information disclosure as a key innovation in global environmental and risk governance. Information disclosure is central to current efforts to govern biosafety or safe trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

Aarti Gupta

2010-01-01

91

Space Station: Status of financial reserves. Report to the Chair, Government Activities and Transportation Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The information on the financial reserves available to offset risks associated with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Space Station Freedom program is provided to Government Activities and Transportation Subcommittee of Committee on Government Operations House of Representatives, as requested. To obtain the information of the financial reserves NASA maintains in the space station program, NASA Headquarters officials in the Controller and Space Station program offices were interviewed. Financial and program documents related to the level of financial reserves in the program and the uses of those reserved to fund additional program requirements were reviewed. The review was conducted from March to July 1992 in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. As requested, written agency comments on this report was not obtained, but the reviews of responsible NASA officials were obtained to consider in preparing this report.

Degnan, Frank; Zadjura, Mona M.; Crocker, William W.; Berry, James D., Jr.

1992-07-01

92

Acquisition Reform  

E-print Network

This report reviews the six most recent major acquisition reform reports, starting in 1949 with the Hoover Commissions and including McNamara's Total Package Procurement, Fitzhugh Commission, the Commission on Government ...

Sapolsky, Harvey

93

Housing  

MedlinePLUS

... AIDS.gov Mission and Team • Contact Us • Privacy Policy • Disclaimer Network blog.aids.gov • locator.aids.gov • facing.aids.gov • providertools.aids.gov • HIV/AIDS Service Locator Locator ... & Viewers HHS 508 Privacy Policy White House USA.gov This is an official ...

94

Internet Governance: A Developing Nation’s Call for Administrative Legal Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The internet has emerged as a reservoir of information and has pushed the world to evolve into a global village. Increased communication across political, social and economic barriers has created a virtual society of its own. This networked society poses considerable challenges for Internet Governance. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is the institution responsible for the

Surya Mani Tripathi; Anshu Pratap Singh; Dipa Dube

2010-01-01

95

THE IMPACTS OF ADMINISTRATIVE REFORM ON LOCAL E- GOVERNMENT DEVELOPMENT IN THE CHINESE CONTEXT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the findings from a case study of implementing a personnel and salary management system in a middle-sized city in the People's Republic of China. It shows that implementing national policies at the local government level through the mechanism of developing an information system can be very problematic in terms of the local stakeholders. The problems of project

Minyi Huang; Steve Smithson

96

Institutions, Reforms, and Country Risk: Lessons from Japanese Government Debt in the Meiji Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the effect of the establishment of modern institutions on the risk premium associated with Japanese government bonds traded in London between 1870 and 1914. While most institutional innovations failed to elicit an immediate market response, the adoption of the gold standard did significantly reduce the perceived risk associated with Japanese bonds. In addition, some geopolitical events, especially the

NATHAN SUSSMAN; YISHAY YAFEH

2000-01-01

97

Displacement, politics and governance : access to low-income housing in a Beirut suburb  

E-print Network

Lebanon witnessed large-scale phases of internal displacement during and after its civil war (1975-1990). This study analyzes access to low-income housing for a Lebanese Shiites group which has already experienced two ...

Bou Akar, Hiba

2005-01-01

98

Freedom House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1941, Freedom House was organized by prominent Americans who were concerned with mounting threats to peace and democracy. Today, as in previous decades, their mission includes promoting "the growth of freedom by encouraging U.S. policymakers, international institutions, and the governments of established democracies to adopt policies that advance human rights and democracy around the world." First-time visitors may wish to begin by looking to the right-hand side of the homepage to the "Around the World" section. Here visitors can learn about the work that the Freedom House organization is doing in other parts of the world, and more importantly, they can read their in-house reports on democratic movements in different countries. Moving along, the left-hand side of the page includes links to their other publications, which include the "Nations In Transit" series. This particular series takes a long view on political reform in the former Communist states of Europe and Eurasia. To really get a full appreciation of the site's contents and scope requires several visits, but it should have no problem holding the attention of public policy types and scholars.

99

BBC News: Lords Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On January 19, 1999, Tony Blair's government announced the most radical restructuring of the House of Lords, the UK's second chamber, in its 600-year existence. Honoring the Labour Party election manifesto, the Bill will remove all 759 hereditary peers, those with an automatic right to sit by virtue of birthright, within the year. In the meantime, a Royal Commission will formulate proposals for a new upper house and issue a report by December 31, 1999. A fully reformed chamber is expected to be in place by 2002, and in the meantime, publicly nominated "People's Peers" may sit in the Lords in addition to the politically appointed Life Peers. The BBC Special Report outlines this momentous constitutional change in Britain, and offers analysis, commentary, and the latest news.

1999-01-01

100

3 CFR 13507 - Executive Order 13507 of April 8, 2009. Establishment of the White House Office of Health Reform  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...high-quality health care, it is hereby... Section 1. Policy. Reforming the health care system is a key...accessible health care and to slow the growth of health costs; this shall...include coordinating policy development...

2010-01-01

101

Octavia Hill Women Housing Managers in South Africa: femininity and urban government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women trained in a system of housing management developed by Octavia Hill in Victorian England were employed in South Africa's Coloured and European townships from the mid-1930s. They were also involved in training South African women in this tradition which emphasized the mutual responsibilities of landlords and tenants and rested upon the formation of trusting relationships or friendships between women

Jennifer Robinson

1998-01-01

102

House of Lords Bill  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On January 19, 1999, Tony Blair's government announced the most radical restructuring of the House of Lords, the UK's second chamber, in its 600-year existence. Honoring the Labour Party election manifesto, the Bill will remove all 759 hereditary peers, those with an automatic right to sit by virtue of birthright, within the year. In the meantime, a Royal Commission will formulate proposals for a new upper house and issue a report by December 31, 1999. A fully reformed chamber is expected to be in place by 2002, and in the meantime, publicly nominated "People's Peers" may sit in the Lords in addition to the politically appointed Life Peers. The full text of the Bill as it was introduced in the House of Commons is available at the site.

1999-01-01

103

The Political Economy of Social Housing Reform—A Framework for Considering Decentralised Ownership, Management and Service Delivery in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several State Housing Authorities in Australia are currently examining models of devolved management and ownership of social housing stock and addressing reduced Commonwealth State Housing Agreement funding (or have already done so). These changes in the provision and mode of below-market accommodation are reflective of two broad trends: firstly, a greater reliance on market and not-for-profit provision of public services;

CHRISTIAN NYGAARD; MIKE BERRY; KENNETH GIBB

2008-01-01

104

Measuring Success: Using Assessments and Accountability To Raise Student Achievement. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Subcommittee on Education Reform of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce met to hear testimony on using assessments and accountability to raise student achievement. Statements were given by: (1) Major Owens, Congressman from New York; (2) Michael Castle, Congressman from Delaware, Committee Chairman; (3) Edward B. Rust, Jr.,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

105

Ensuring Educational Opportunity for Minority Children. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (Lexington, Kentucky, May 1, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing before the Subcommittee on Educational Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives, which was held in Lexington, Kentucky, focused on ensuring equal educational opportunities for minority group children. After opening statements by Chairman Michael Castle and Congressman Ernest L. Fletcher, both of…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

106

Institutional Reforms in Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. Colombia faces a critical juncture in its recent history. One road leads to violence, chaos and economic collapse. The other leads to peace, reforms and economic progress. Hoping that the second road will be chosen, this document offers ideas about institutional reforms and governance. The need for nstitutional reforms in Colombia is quite self-evident. Violence, crime and terrorism are

Alberto Alesina

2000-01-01

107

Committee on Government Reform, United States House of Representatives Testimony for the September 21, 2006 Hearing on  

E-print Network

21, 2006 Hearing on: Climate Change Technology Research: Do We Need a `Manhattan Project solutions, and is tasked to produce a document similar in objectives to the Climate Change Technology that climate change presents our nation and the planet. At the heart of my comments is the finding

Kammen, Daniel M.

108

Smithsonian Institution: Board of Reagents Has Implemented Many Governance Reforms, but Ensuring Accountability and Oversight Will Require Ongoing Action.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Smithsonian Institution's governing body, the Board of Regents (Board), has developed a set of actions to address governance and accountability breakdowns that came to light in 2007. These actions were aimed at problems in three main areas: (1) execut...

2008-01-01

109

Civil Rights Enforcement By the Department of Education. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This transcript from hearings before the House Committee on Government Operations focuses on civil rights enforcement at State colleges and universities by the Department of Education. The questions and testimony centered around the following questions: (1) why had the department delayed enforcement in cases where violations of civil rights were…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

110

Governing "Suzhi" and Curriculum Reform in Rural Ethnic China: Viewpoints from the Miao and Dong Communities in Qiandongnan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the uptake of "suzhi"--roughly glossed as "quality"--in China's recent curriculum reform called "suzhi jiaoyu" (Education for Quality) in the rural ethnic context of Qiandongnan. It engages with three layers of analysis. First is a brief etymological overview of "suzhi" to map out its cultural politics in contemporary China.…

Wu, Jinting

2012-01-01

111

Recent Government Reforms Related to Marital Formation, Maintenance, and Dissolution in the United States: A Primer and Critical Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this manuscript, we provide a sampling of law and policy reforms over the past decade intended to help couples form and sustain healthy marriages and set out the rationale employed to justify these initiatives. Then we turn to the challenging task of evaluating whether these initiatives are likely to bear fruit, acknowledging three primary critiques. In the end, we

Alan J. Hawkins; Robin Fretwell Wilson; Theodora Ooms; Steven L. Nock; Linda Malone-Colon; Lloyd Cohen

2009-01-01

112

78 FR 49680 - Streamlining Requirements Governing the Use of Funding for Supportive Housing for the Elderly and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Funding for Supportive Housing for the Elderly and Persons With Disabilities Programs...Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly (Section 202) and the Section 811 Supportive...PART 891--SUPPORTIVE HOUSING FOR THE ELDERLY AND PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES 0 1....

2013-08-15

113

District of Columbia Public Schools: While Early Reform Efforts Tackle Critical Management Issues, a District-Wide Strategic Education Plan Would Help Guide Long-Term Efforts. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate. GAO-08-549T  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to long-standing problems with student academic performance, the condition of school facilities, and the overall management of the D.C. public school system, the D.C. Council approved the Public Education Reform Amendment Act of 2007 (Reform Act). The Reform Act made major changes to the operations and governance of the D.C. public…

Ashby, Cornelia M.

2008-01-01

114

Reforming Head Start: What "Re-Competition" Means for the Federal Government's Pre-K Program. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Head Start, the federal government's pre-K program, is at a crossroads. The program has been used as an anti-poverty measure by the government for over 45 years. It has grown significantly since its inception and provided many children with a valuable, high-quality early education, and in FY2012 served more than 960,000 children under 5 on a $7.9…

Severns, Maggie

2012-01-01

115

The Balance between Teaching and Research in Dutch and English Universities in the Context of University Governance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency, effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we…

Leisyte, Liudvika; Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry

2009-01-01

116

Putting the Pieces Together: Toward a Comprehensive Program of Social Reform (Reformulating Our Approaches to School Governance).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic tenets of citizen control of education at state and local levels are well established historically and remain intact after three centuries of U.S. educational experience. This paper advocates substantial change in the structure and management of local governments. Too many change proposals are cosmetic. Kentucky and Memphis-Shelby County are…

Cunningham, Luvern L.

1991-01-01

117

Black Social Capital: The Politics of School Reform in Baltimore, 1986-1998. Studies in Government and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the interplay between government and society, analyzing the social capital both within the African American community and outside it, where social capital crosses racial lines. It shows that while Black social capital may have created solidarity against White domination in Baltimore, it hampered African American leaders'…

Orr, Marion

118

England Refines Accountability Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses how England refines its accountability reforms. When the Conservative government crafted the Education Reform Act of 1988, which mandates a national curriculum for England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, as well as national-curriculum tests at ages 7, 11, and 14, schools in England were permitted to secede from…

Olson, Lynn

2004-01-01

119

Strengthening Social Capital for Adaptive Governance of Natural Resources: A Participatory Learning and Action Research for Bylaws Reforms in Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reflects on experiences of a 5-year participatory policy learning and action research (PLAR) project that aimed at strengthening local-level capacities to develop and formalize bylaws for effective natural resources management (NRM) and governance. The PLAR involved a top-bottom-up iterative process of social learning and experience sharing, policy dialogue and negotiation, and adaptive management that resulted in the formulation

Pascal C. Sanginga; Rick N. Kamugisha; Adrienne M. Martin

2010-01-01

120

Extending the physical and cultural boundaries of affordable housing : a reconfiguration of the Franklin Field Public Housing Development  

E-print Network

Public housing is in a state of revision. Changes in attitude and approach to housing low-income people, evident in housing reform, are challenging the standard which public housing has come to represent. After years of ...

Makuku, Owiso A. (Owiso Atsali), 1968-

1999-01-01

121

Welfare Reform Proposals. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations, and Nutrition of the Committee on Agriculture. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing seeks to examine the Family Welfare Reform Act, H.R. 1720, now pending, and determine what changes in the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program and the Food Stamp Program are needed to ensure that the United States has an integrated welfare system. H.R. 1720 includes benefit reforms, a new employment and training…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Agriculture.

122

Information Dissemination: Innovative Ways Agencies Are Using Technology. Testimony before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This testimony discusses ways in which some federal government agencies use technology to provide the public with cheaper, faster access to a wider range of information which can be searched and manipulated in ways never possible on the printed page. Technologies included in the discussion are compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM), electronic…

Brock, Jack L., Jr.

123

A governance model for integrated primary/secondary care for the health-reforming first world - results of a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background Internationally, key health care reform elements rely on improved integration of care between the primary and secondary sectors. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise the existing published literature on elements of current integrated primary/secondary health care. These elements and how they have supported integrated healthcare governance are presented. Methods A systematic review of peer-reviewed literature from PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, Informit Health Collection, the Primary Health Care Research and Information Service, the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation, European Foundation for Primary Care, European Forum for Primary Care, and Europa Sinapse was undertaken for the years 2006–2012. Relevant websites were also searched for grey literature. Papers were assessed by two assessors according to agreed inclusion criteria which were published in English, between 2006–2012, studies describing an integrated primary/secondary care model, and had reported outcomes in care quality, efficiency and/or satisfaction. Results Twenty-one studies met the inclusion criteria. All studies evaluated the process of integrated governance and service delivery structures, rather than the effectiveness of services. They included case reports and qualitative data analyses addressing policy change, business issues and issues of clinical integration. A thematic synthesis approach organising data according to themes identified ten elements needed for integrated primary/secondary health care governance across a regional setting including: joint planning; integrated information communication technology; change management; shared clinical priorities; incentives; population focus; measurement – using data as a quality improvement tool; continuing professional development supporting joint working; patient/community engagement; and, innovation. Conclusions All examples of successful primary/secondary care integration reported in the literature have focused on a combination of some, if not all, of the ten elements described in this paper, and there appears to be agreement that multiple elements are required to ensure successful and sustained integration efforts. Whilst no one model fits all systems these elements provide a focus for setting up integration initiatives which need to be flexible for adapting to local conditions and settings. PMID:24359610

2013-01-01

124

James R. Killian, Jr., Sputnik, and Eisenhower: White House Science Advice and the Reformation of American Science Education, 1955-1958  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper chronicles the often-overlooked relationship between President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Dr. James R. Killian, Jr., the first-ever appointed Presidential Science Advisor. Emphasis is placed on the role of Dr. Killian and the President’s Science Advisory Committee (PSAC) in advocating curricular reform in the fields of science and mathematics, a reformation which became doubly important following the successful launch

Dallas A. Grubbs

2012-01-01

125

Reforming Science: Structural Reforms  

PubMed Central

Science has a critical role to play in addressing humanity's most important challenges in the twenty-first century. However, the contemporary scientific enterprise has developed in ways that prevent it from reaching maximum effectiveness and detract from the appeal of a research career. To be effective, the methodological and culture reforms discussed in the accompanying essay must be accompanied by fundamental structural reforms that include a renewed vigorous societal investment in science and scientists. PMID:22184420

2012-01-01

126

Campaign Finance Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1996 US election, which took in more than $260 million in soft money alone, was the most expensive in the nation's history. Long time advocates of campaign finance reform have rallied behind the revised McCain-Feingold proposal which, among other reforms, would ban soft money. However, recent Senate hearings have revealed that the bill does not have the necessary support to pass. The majority of Republican Senators, led by Mitch McConnell, who has pledged to filibuster if necessary, oppose the McCain-Feingold proposal. Recent comments by the Republican leadership in the House reveal that campaign finance reform, as it is currently envisaged, is unlikely to make progress in that chamber either. These sites provide a large number of informative and analytical pieces on campaign finance reform, written from viewpoints across the political spectrum.

De Nie, Michael W.

1997-01-01

127

A Submission on Tax Reform from the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada to the Standing Committee of the House of Commons on Finance and Economic Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada's comments on Canada's 1987 White Paper on Tax Reform are presented. The comments relate primarily to five income tax issues: charitable giving to colleges and universities, faculty pensions, tuition, the reporting of tax deductions at source, and research and development efforts. For each…

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

128

Welfare Reform. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the testimony and submissions presented at one of a series of hearings on welfare reform and reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The statement by Cynthia M. Fagnoni, managing director of education, workforce, and income security issues at the U.S. General Accounting Office, assesses…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

129

In Egypt, Grand Plans Meet Harsh Realities: As the Government Prepares Reforms for Higher Education, Scholars Worry that Academic Freedom Will Not Improve  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite governmental efforts to reform higher education in Egypt, faculty and students are concerned that academic freedom will remain limited. This article discusses censorship, funding, overcrowding, corruption, and mismanagement in public Egyptian universities.

Zoepf, Katherine

2005-01-01

130

Accountability of Educational Institutions for Federal Funds and the Effectiveness of Federal Audits. Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, First Session. (July 17, 18, and 19, 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hearings of the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Government Operations on how educational institutions that receive federal grants and contracts for health research and other restricted purposes account for the use of the funds are presented. The hearings also examined the quality and effectiveness of federal financial audits, which are…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

131

Federal Involvement in the Use of Behavior Modification Drugs on Grammar School Children of the Right to Privacy Inquiry. Hearing Before a Subcommittee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-First Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication consists of the contents of a hearing before a subcommittee of the committee on government operations of the United States House of Representatives. The hearing was conducted during the second session of the ninety-first congress in September of 1970. The primary purpose of this hearing was to investigate Federal responsibility in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House.

132

The University Libraries system on the CU-Boulder campus includes five branch libraries--Business, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Math/Physics, and Music--and Norlin Library, housing Archives, Government Publications, Special  

E-print Network

Publications, Special Collections, East Asian, and Science libraries. Reference and Instructional ServicesThe University Libraries system on the CU-Boulder campus includes five branch libraries--Business, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Math/Physics, and Music--and Norlin Library, housing Archives, Government

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

133

Managing the Federal Direct Student Loan Program. Hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session (June 10, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The House Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations met to hear testimony from leaders in government and higher education on managing the federal direct student loan program. Focus was on the Department of Education's plans to correct existing management problems of the Guaranteed Student Loan Program and implement the…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

134

From the Statehouse to the Classroom: Governing America's Schools. Viewpoints. A Print and Audio Resource for Education Leaders. [Booklet with Audio Compact Discs].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of politics in education is undeniable. It appears as though the influence of governing agents, from the White House to the local school board, is growing. During this time of increased calls for accountability and reform, a growing list of educational mandates is being handed to local education entities--increased use of testing,…

North Central Regional Educational Lab., Naperville, IL.

135

Effects of housing policies on intra-urban inequality in transitioning China  

E-print Network

In the People's Republic of China, housing reform was launched in the 1980s as a component of the overall economic reform. In the 1990s, housing policies, privatization and subsidies combined, were found to contribute to ...

Xu, Yi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01

136

The Big Ideas behind Whole System Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whole system reform means that every vital part of the system--school, community, district, and government--contributes individually and in concert to forward movement and success, using practice, not research, as the driver of reform. With this in mind, several "big ideas", based on successful implementation, informed Ontario's reform strategy:…

Fullan, Michael

2010-01-01

137

Holding company risk in China: a final step of state-owned enterprises reform and an emerging problem of corporate governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public Enterprise Reform in China has reached a plataeu, and is awaiting the last step of privatization. Most of non-regulated industries in China has improved their competitiveness thorough a hard and intense competition, particularly in the home appliance industry. However, it still happened that excellent companies with nationwide brands suddenly fall into severe difficulties and suddenly disappears in the industry,

Mariko WATANABE

2002-01-01

138

Reformer Fuel Injector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Today's form of jet engine power comes from what is called a gas turbine engine. This engine is on average 14% efficient and emits great quantities of green house gas carbon dioxide and air pollutants, Le. nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides. The alternate method being researched involves a reformer and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Reformers are becoming a popular area of research within the industry scale. NASA Glenn Research Center's approach is based on modifying the large aspects of industry reforming processes into a smaller jet fuel reformer. This process must not only be scaled down in size, but also decrease in weight and increase in efficiency. In comparison to today's method, the Jet A fuel reformer will be more efficient as well as reduce the amount of air pollutants discharged. The intent is to develop a 10kW process that can be used to satisfy the needs of commercial jet engines. Presently, commercial jets use Jet-A fuel, which is a kerosene based hydrocarbon fuel. Hydrocarbon fuels cannot be directly fed into a SOFC for the reason that the high temperature causes it to decompose into solid carbon and Hz. A reforming process converts fuel into hydrogen and supplies it to a fuel cell for power, as well as eliminating sulfur compounds. The SOFC produces electricity by converting H2 and CO2. The reformer contains a catalyst which is used to speed up the reaction rate and overall conversion. An outside company will perform a catalyst screening with our baseline Jet-A fuel to determine the most durable catalyst for this application. Our project team is focusing on the overall research of the reforming process. Eventually we will do a component evaluation on the different reformer designs and catalysts. The current status of the project is the completion of buildup in the test rig and check outs on all equipment and electronic signals to our data system. The objective is to test various reformer designs and catalysts in our test rig to determine the most efficient configuration to incorporate into the specific compact jet he1 reformer test rig. Additional information is included in the original extended abstract.

Suder, Jennifer L.

2004-01-01

139

Department of Education: Challenges in Promoting Access and Excellence in Education. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the testimony given by Cornelia M. Blanchette, associate director of education and employment issues in the Health, Education, and Human Services Division of the U.S. Department of Education. The document discusses challenges that the Department of Education faces in carrying out its mission in a cost-efficient and effective…

Blanchette, Cornelia M.

140

Fuel Cell/Reformers Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Glenn Research Center is interested in developing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell for use in aerospace applications. Solid oxide fuel cell requires hydrogen rich feed stream by converting commercial aviation jet fuel in a fuel processing process. The grantee's primary research activities center on designing and constructing a test facility for evaluating injector concepts to provide optimum feeds to fuel processor; collecting and analyzing literature information on fuel processing and desulfurization technologies; establishing industry and academic contacts in related areas; providing technical support to in-house SOFC-based system studies. Fuel processing is a chemical reaction process that requires efficient delivery of reactants to reactor beds for optimum performance, i.e., high conversion efficiency and maximum hydrogen production, and reliable continuous operation. Feed delivery and vaporization quality can be improved by applying NASA's expertise in combustor injector design. A 10 KWe injector rig has been designed, procured, and constructed to provide a tool to employ laser diagnostic capability to evaluate various injector concepts for fuel processing reactor feed delivery application. This injector rig facility is now undergoing mechanical and system check-out with an anticipated actual operation in July 2004. Multiple injector concepts including impinging jet, venturi mixing, discrete jet, will be tested and evaluated with actual fuel mixture compatible with reforming catalyst requirement. Research activities from September 2002 to the closing of this collaborative agreement have been in the following areas: compiling literature information on jet fuel reforming; conducting autothermal reforming catalyst screening; establishing contacts with other government agencies for collaborative research in jet fuel reforming and desulfurization; providing process design basis for the build-up of injector rig facility and individual injector design.

2004-01-01

141

Department of Education's College Construction Loan Programs. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document records the hearing of a Subcommittee of the House on its 3-month investigation of the College Housing Loan Program and the Academic Facilities Loan Program, which are administered by the Department of Education. These programs have awarded about $5 billion in loans to finance the construction of dormitories, dining halls, student…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

142

Focusing on quality and need. The World Bank Health, Nutrition and Population sector has been reforming itself to better meet the needs of its clients - the people and governments of the countries it serves.  

PubMed

This article summarizes reforms made in the World Bank's Health, Nutrition, and Population (HNP) sector. The Bank's involvement with population issues dates back to the 1970s. The Bank has been justifiably criticized for ignoring programs that deliver social services to the world's poorest and neediest groups. The criticisms and reorganization within the Bank has led to a revision of program support and development strategies. The World Bank has been influenced by at least 4 major world conferences. The new Bank strategy builds upon its own strengths, its range of ministries, and the ICPD Plan of Action at the service delivery level and through broader population policy development. Programs aim to improve the HNP outcomes of the poor, enhance the performance of health care systems, and secure sustainable health care financing. Country assistance strategies (CAS) should be sensitive to the nature of the demographic transition (Bongaarts models) underway, the government's commitment to reform, and the priorities voiced by participants in CAS. CAS is based on the principle that public sector programs must benefit the poorest, cost effectiveness, greater impact on quality of projects, and partnerships with international aid agencies, such as the North-South Partnership in Population and Reproductive Health. Every country is unique and has its own set of obstacles. A country with more rapid demographic transition offers a larger window of opportunity for intervention, but a shorter time for changing aid structures. Aid structure and demographic change are sometimes more important than population size. PMID:12294062

Merrick, T

1998-01-01

143

Housing and urban poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Officer, Kwasi Owusu?Adade, at the Building and Road Research Institute at Kumasi, highlights the role housing plays in the life of the rural migrant and concludes that a greater commitment by government could be demonstrated in practical terms. Low?income housing requires a supply of land on a rolling basis with the encouragement of locally produced materials, material depots and

1990-01-01

144

Financing reforms of public health services in China: lessons for other nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Financing reforms of China's public health services are characterised by a reduction in government budgetary support and the introduction of charges. These reforms have changed the financing structure of public health institutions. Before the financing reforms, in 1980, government budgetary support covered the full costs of public health institutions, while after the reforms by the middle of the 1990s, the

Xingzhu Liu; Anne Mills

2002-01-01

145

White House Conference on Productivity: Report of the Preparatory Conference on Government Organization and Operation and the Role of Government in the Economy Held at San Diego, California on July 19-21-1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The impact of government on productivity is significant in several respects. First, government plays an influential role in establishing rules and regulations under which other parts of the economy must operate, through antitrust laws and price, health, s...

1983-01-01

146

Privatization, democratic reforms, and micro-governance change in a transition economy: Condominium homeowner associations in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses a dearth in the literature on condominium apartment CIDs in transition economies, focusing on change in grassroots urban governance both at the apartment building level and the neighborhood. The authors attempt to explain why apartment building CIDs, a long established phenomenon in many developed and developing countries, is emerging for the first time in Vietnam. The authors

Le Thi Thu Huong; Edsel E. Sajor

2010-01-01

147

Housing for Migrant Agricultural Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist the producer in meeting the housing regulations of Federal, state, and local governments for migratory workers and thereby to attract better labor through adequate housing, this agricultural handbook contains discussions of the migrant-labor situation; regulations and standards; general housing considerations (i.e., length of…

Simons, J. W.; And Others

148

Purpose-Driven Public Sector Reform: The Need for Within-Government Capacity Build for the Management of Slope Stability in Communities in the Caribbean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article stresses the importance of within-government capacity build as the optimal approach to minimizing landslide risk to the most vulnerable communities in the developing world. Landslide risk is an integrated issue that demands strong managerial leadership and multidisciplinary inclusion to develop structures that deliver sustainable improvements in the reduction of risk. The tension between projects demanding international technical and financial intervention and those capable of “within-country” solutions are examined. More particularly, the challenges of developing a management methodology capable of energizing inter-ministry collaboration to achieve community-level action is examined in the context of a recently established program of slope stability management in St. Lucia. The program, Management of Slope Stability in Communities (MoSSaiC), is shown to have successfully fostered not only extensive technical collaboration within government but also to have energized local communities in the shared mission of capacity build through their direct involvement in the management process.

Anderson, Malcolm; Holcombe, Liz

2006-01-01

149

Purpose-driven public sector reform: the need for within-government capacity build for the management of slope stability in communities in the Caribbean.  

PubMed

This article stresses the importance of within-government capacity build as the optimal approach to minimizing landslide risk to the most vulnerable communities in the developing world. Landslide risk is an integrated issue that demands strong managerial leadership and multidisciplinary inclusion to develop structures that deliver sustainable improvements in the reduction of risk. The tension between projects demanding international technical and financial intervention and those capable of "within-country" solutions are examined. More particularly, the challenges of developing a management methodology capable of energizing inter-ministry collaboration to achieve community-level action is examined in the context of a recently established program of slope stability management in St. Lucia. The program, Management of Slope Stability in Communities (MoSSaiC), is shown to have successfully fostered not only extensive technical collaboration within government but also to have energized local communities in the shared mission of capacity build through their direct involvement in the management process. PMID:16215650

Anderson, Malcolm; Holcombe, Liz

2006-01-01

150

Purpose-Driven Public Sector Reform: The Need for Within-Government Capacity Build for the Management of Slope Stability in Communities in the Caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article stresses the importance of within-government capacity build as the optimal approach to minimizing landslide risk\\u000a to the most vulnerable communities in the developing world. Landslide risk is an integrated issue that demands strong managerial\\u000a leadership and multidisciplinary inclusion to develop structures that deliver sustainable improvements in the reduction of\\u000a risk. The tension between projects demanding international technical and

Malcolm Anderson; Liz Holcombe

2006-01-01

151

Market Reforms, Technocrats, and Institutional Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successful market reform projects require significant revision of government agencies, institutional arrangements, and policy-making procedures, in part, to provide reformers autonomy from countervailing pressures. This paper examines how such innovations facilitated reforms in Mexico and Argentina. It finds executive leadership helped facilitate institutional change, but that technocrat policymakers played more crucial roles than previously documented. Through rule-changing, instrument-creating, and strategizing

Mark Eric Williams

2002-01-01

152

How not to reform British higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

It thus became Mrs. Thatcher's operating assumption that institutions, including higher education, which reflected and encouraged this antibusiness bias had to be reformed. Unfortunately, the major Thatcher reforms, for all their rhetoric of inculcating an enterprise culture, have mainly turned out to reflect not a market-oriented concept of education, but a technocratic one. The technocratic ideal looks to make government

Nigel Ashford

1990-01-01

153

Statement of Carol E. Dinkins, Deputy Attorney General, before the Committee on Government Operations, Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture, House of Representatives Concerning Freedom of Information Act Amendments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In considering the purposes of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), it is essential to keep in mind that the Act is not, and never could be, a statute with the singleminded purpose of disclosing government information. Many kinds of information that the government has in its possession must be kept confidential to protect important public…

Dinkins, Carol E.

154

Meeting the Need for Child Care: Problems and Progress. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A hearing was held to identify problems and assess progress in the provision of affordable, high quality child care. Testimony concerned: (1) problems working parents have had in providing care for their young children; (2) day care initiatives and needs in California; (3) ways in which San Mateo County used its housing and community development…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

155

Educational Reform and Curriculum Implementation in England: An Historical Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a historical perspective on the implementation of educational reform by the Thatcher government in England. Since 1979, and particularly since the Education Reform Act of 1988, the state educational system in England has undergone massive reform in the form of a national curriculum, increased school-based management, and the…

Aldrich, Richard

156

Health Care System Reform in China: Issues, Challenges and Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines health care reform in urban and rural China. Before health care reform, Chinese health service facilities were run entirely by the state and basically they performed a social welfare function. This health care system greatly improved the population health conditions but many problems started to emerge in 1980s when the economic reform started. Since then, the government

Rong Hu; Chunli Shen; Heng-fu Zou

2011-01-01

157

Federal Employee Alcoholism Programs. Hearings Before a Subcommittee on Government Operations, House of Representative, Ninety-Fourth Congress, Second Session. June 25 and 28, 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication on Federal Employee Alcoholism Programs, printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations, contains hearings on Federal agency compliance with the Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment and Rehabilitation Act of 1970. (JLL)

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

158

CAP Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter re-examines the case for reforming the Common Agricultural Policy. The health and environmental aspects of modern agriculture have been highlighted by British experience with BSE and FMD. Historically, agricultural support has been rationalised by reference to security of supply, income maintenance, or, increasingly, environmental concerns. It is argued that production price supports, the scale of which is set

Giancarlo Corsetti; John Flemming; Seppo Honkapohja; Willi Leibfritz; Gilles Saint-Paul; Hans-Werner Sinn; Xavier Vives

2002-01-01

159

Culture and Fashion in Reform Implementation: Perceptions and Adaptation of Management Reforms in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how two government-initiated reforms, result-oriented planning and quality assessment, were perceived by 43 department heads and faculty at Norwegian colleges and universities. While result-oriented planning was perceived as an unnecessary reform, causing high tension and having only symbolic effects, quality assessment was seen as valid,…

Stensaker, Bjorn

1998-01-01

160

Reforming Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue highlights the diversity of reform initiatives in order to provide a deep understanding of the complexities associated with educational reform in general and the reform of science education in particular. Systemic reform initiatives at the national and state levels along with locally-inspired efforts at reform are outlined.…

Donmoyer, Robert, Ed.; Merryfield, Merry M., Ed.

1995-01-01

161

Knowledge Regimes and Contradictions in Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article outlines a theoretical framework for understanding education policy and education reforms based on the concept of knowledge regimes. The concept refers to understandings and definitions of governance and procedural aspects, manners of governing and curriculum issues, thus it comprises contents, structures, and processes of education…

Aasen, Petter; Prøitz, Tine Sophie; Sandberg, Nina

2014-01-01

162

The Philosophy of University Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines a stated philosophy of university housing and the philosophy's effect on the facilitation of the personal and intellectual growth of students residing in the residence halls and the development of a sense of community. This particular philosophy governs the housing operations at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.…

Wallace, James A.

2012-01-01

163

On Optimal Taxation of Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the question of optimal taxation of housing, when the set of tax instruments at the government's disposal is not artificially restricted. There are two groups of persons, who differ in earning abilities and in tastes, and two types of housing goods (high- and low-quality). The paper characterizes the Pareto-efficient allocations that are attainable through the tax policy.

Helmuth Cremer; Firouz Gahvari

1998-01-01

164

Postcolonial environmental justice: Government and governance in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the context within which struggles for environmental justice are taking place in India. We explore the ways in which postcolonial patterns of government and governance in India affect the ends, the means and the representation of these struggles, focusing on three particular areas: state reform, the judiciary and public interest litigation, and environmental social movements.

Glyn Williams; Emma Mawdsley

2006-01-01

165

Exploring the enabling approach to housing through the Abuja Mass Housing Scheme  

E-print Network

The magnitude of the housing problem in Nigeria is immense; the current deficit is around 12 to 16 million units. Government attempts to address housing availability has been a recurring theme throughout Nigeria's history. ...

Umoh, Nse (Nseabasi Effiong)

2012-01-01

166

Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

167

Governance and Institutional Autonomy: Governing and Governance in Portuguese Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at looking at governance instruments beyond managerial technicality. It intends to do so by analysing the impact of governance reforms on the universities autonomy assumed as a regulation instrument to politically steer systems and institutions. The regulation efforts undertaken at the European and national levels reflect a trend…

Magalhaes, Antonio; Veiga, Amelia; Ribeiro, Filipa; Amaral, Alberto

2013-01-01

168

Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some of the efforts of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA) to preserve, conserve, and interpret historic houses to the public. Examines the history and some of the specific preservation problems concerning the Beauport Cottage, the Sayward-Wheeler House, and the Gropius House. (MJP)

Curtis, Nancy

1997-01-01

169

Hearing on Education Reform and Related Issues before the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives. One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session (Phoenix, AZ, March 21, 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains testimonies and prepared statements from a congressional hearing on educational issues held in Arizona. Statements and testimonies address education reform, school financing, equalization, site-based management, federal programs, vocational education, and American Indian education, among other issues. Included are opening…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

170

Welfare Reform: Success in Moving toward Work. Hearing before the Subcommittee on 21st Century Competitiveness of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (October 16, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Congressional report contains the testimony and documents presented for the record at the second of two hearings on the effects of welfare reform and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. Other areas receiving particular attention from witnesses included the impacts of education and training on employment patterns…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

171

Health Care Reform: How Do Women, Children, and Teens Fare? Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testimony of a hearing on health care reform, especially as it relates to women, children, and adolescents, is presented in this document. Statements and/or materials by these Representatives is included: Bill Barrett, Matthew Martinez, Mike Bilirakis, and Patricia Schroeder. Testimony and/or prepared statements and materials are included from…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

172

Welfare Reform: An Examination of Effects. Hearing before the Subcommittee on 21st Century Competitiveness of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (September 20, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Congressional report contains the testimony and documents presented for the record of the first of two hearings to gather testimony on the effects of welfare reform and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. The oral and written testimony focuses on TANF legislation's outcomes and impact on work and families in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

173

Russias Economic Reform Outlook  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author reviews the process of economic reforms in the Russian Federation in 20042005 and assesses reform perspectives for the period of 20062008. In most of the reform areas Russia is still a long way from the level of OECD countries: outcomes for 2004 demonstrate that during 20032004 Russia joined the economies in transition with the slowest pace of reforms.

M. DMITRIEV

2005-01-01

174

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum Of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

175

Environmental Sociology and the Explanation of Environmental Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes the case that environmental sociology is in the midst of a significant shift of problematics, from the explanation of environmental degradation to the explanation of environmental reform. In this paper I suggest that there are four basic mechanisms of environmental reform or improvement: environmental activism\\/movements, state environmental regulation, ecological modernization, and international environmental governance. I suggest further

FREDERICK H. BUTTEL

2003-01-01

176

Subsoil Law Reform in Russia under the Putin Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the political economy of subsoil law reform under the Putin administration. Despite repeated promises of imminent reform, the overhaul of the main legal basis governing some of the most important sectors of the Russian economy was subjected to repeated delays during the eight years of Putin's presidency. This article shows that the interaction of three major influences—the

Yuko Adachi

2009-01-01

177

Recent Proposals To Reform Teacher Education in Brazil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses teacher education in Brazil and the recent proposals to reform existing programs by the current Brazilian government, arguing that recent reforms function as resources for economic growth and that a tension between mechanisms to make the educational process more flexible and instruments to control and evaluate its products underlines the…

Ludke, Menga; Moreira, Antonio Flavio Barbosa

1999-01-01

178

Market- and Performance-Based Reforms of Teacher Compensation: A Review of Recent Practices, Policies, and Research. Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series. PEPG 10-09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a review of recent policy initiatives to reform teacher compensation systems and evidence regarding the effect of these policies. The first section examines the current structure of teacher compensation in the U.S. K-12 public education system. The compensation "system" for teachers is fragmented and uncoordinated. Teacher…

Podgursky, Michael J.; Springer, Matthew

2010-01-01

179

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

180

The Past and Future of Housing Policy Innovation: The Case of US State Housing Trust Funds  

Microsoft Academic Search

State governments are increasingly expected to help fill the gap between the demand and supply of affordable housing within the US. Little systematic attention has been paid to state housing strategies over the years, despite a lengthening record of policy innovation. This paper asks what factors influence state adoption of housing trust funds (HTFs), and if these factors differ based

Corianne Payton Scally

2012-01-01

181

Health Reform.online: Health Sector Reform, Health Economics and Sustainable Financing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank's Economic Development Institute has recently developed Health Reform.online to provide distance education opportunities for those interested in "health sector reform, health economics or sustainable financing." The site will house educational modules based on EDI's Health Sector Reform and Sustainable Financing training program. The first module, "Introduction to the concepts and analytical tools of health sector reform and financing," includes lessons, case studies, interactive exercises, suggested readings, an extensive glossary, and a course outline. Future EDI training opportunities will be announced at the site. A Library section allows browsing and searching of abstracts or the full-text of over 500,000 pages of World Bank health documents on health projects in developing countries. Note, to view the full-text documents, users will need to download the Prizm plug-in, available at the site. EDI plans to add links to regional partner institute Websites and courses, in the future.

1998-01-01

182

The Invisible Hand: Big Business and Chicago School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Chicago's governance reforms as one case of corporate influence on public school policy making. Discusses the role of local political institutions and corporate organizational resources. Corporate associations were involved in both policymaking and policy implementation. (SM)

Shipps, Dorothy

1997-01-01

183

Setting Things Right? Swedish Upper Secondary School Reform in a 40-Year Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses reforms addressing and affecting the curriculum and organisation of Swedish upper secondary education over 40 years, up to an initiative by the present non-socialist government. The aim is to analyse the current reform of upper secondary education and relate it to previous reforms during a 40-year period in terms of…

Lundahl, Lisbeth; Arreman, Inger Erixon; Lundstrom, Ulf; Ronnberg, Linda

2010-01-01

184

Ten Years of Reform in Primary Mathematics Education in England: A Review of Effectiveness. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The UK National Audit Office (NAO) commissioned RAND Europe to look at the evidence showing the effectiveness of reform of mathematics teaching in primary schools in England. This study looked at government-sponsored evaluations of mathematics reform in England, independent evaluations of the educational outcomes of mathematics reforms in England,…

Vollaard, Ben A.; Rabinovich, Lila; Bowman, Richard; van Stolk, Christian

2008-01-01

185

Does Motherhood and Fatherhood still 'Pay' after the Policy Reforms of the 1990's in Finland?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1990s was a decade of economic crisis, recovery and policy reforms in Finland. During that decade, the family policy model faced two rather radical reform waves, each of which had been introduced by a new government coalition. Both reform waves were justified by saving public spending, but by different social policy philosophies. This study assesses the impact of family

Anita Haataja

186

Educational Reform in China: Tensions in National Policy and Local Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the post-Mao era, the Chinese government carried out a series of education reforms to modernise education provision. This paper explores two related aspects of these reforms through comparative case study research in three different school locations within the same region in China. The first focus is upon system reform initiated through…

Liu, Yujin; Dunne, Mairead

2009-01-01

187

Public Pension Reforms in the United States and JapanA Study of Comparative Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1980s, facing the financial crises in their public pension systems, the governments of both the United States and Japan proposed reform. In each case the reform efforts failed. A few years later policy proposals by special commissions led to the enactment of reform legislation in both countries. No major political upheavals occurred in the intervening years; but

JUNKO KATO

1991-01-01

188

Houses of the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If one were to showcase new housing technologies and innovative designs in Australia, it wouldn't be a bad idea to place such an exhibit next to one of the most instantly recognizable structures in the world. Well, that is precisely what the Australian government (in collaboration with private industry groups) did when they placed this remarkable "Houses of the Future" exhibition next to the Sydney Opera House. While the exhibit has since moved on to a new location, visitors who are curious about the future of the built environment (particularly in terms of domestic architecture and construction) will enjoy this interactive website. The website features six homes that are part of a "new generation of prefabricated dwellings emerging around the globe". The requirements for each new housing type were that they be prefabricated for easy transportation, environmentally sustainable, designed by an architect, and "futuristic in appearance and use of domestic space". On the site, visitors may look within each house, all the while learning about each structure's historical precedents, environmental features, and of course, its architects. For those interested in the potential of domestic architecture, this website will be quite a treat.

189

Housing Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Understanding the variegated terrain of local and state housing policies is key for urban planners, geographers, and others with an interest in the built environment and public policy. This site was created by the Center for Housing Policy (the research affiliate of the National Housing Conference) in order to provide information for "expanding the availability of homes for working families and others in your community." The site was launched in 2008, and includes sections such as Toolbox, Building a Strategy, and Forum. The Getting Started area provides answers to basic questions such as "What is 'affordable housing'?" and "What is 'subsidized housing'?" Moving on, the Toolbox area includes documents and summaries on specific policy tools designed for a variety of reasons, from meeting the housing needs of older adults to improving residential energy efficiency. Visitors won't want to miss the Building a Strategy area. Here they will find information about how to create a successful housing strategy that will provide residential units for a range of community members.

2012-04-20

190

Marie Russo: An Oral History of the Italian Settlement House  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Settlement House Movement in the United States was a response by progressive reformers to meet the needs of urban poor and immigrant families in the early years of the 20th century. Some settlements were outreach services of churches. There are limited accounts of the experiences of the individuals who used the settlement houses. This study…

Beard, Kathryn H.

2010-01-01

191

In search of an affordable housing system for Shanghai, China  

E-print Network

In 1998, the Chinese government abandoned the danwei ("work-unit") housing allocation system and fully privatized the housing market. Since then, the residential price has never stopped increasing despite the past financial ...

Sun, Linyun

2011-01-01

192

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

193

Affordable homeownership policy : Implications for housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. This paper aims to examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the

Sock-Yong Phang

2010-01-01

194

Affordable homeownership policy : implications for housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. In this paper, we examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the targeted sector. We use

Sock-Yong Phang

2009-01-01

195

Affordable homeownership policy: implications for housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. In this paper, we examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the targeted sector. We use

Sock Yong Phang

2009-01-01

196

Policy and Workforce Reform in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current workforce reform, known as Remodelling the School Workforce, is part of an enduring policy process where there have been tensions between public and private sector structures and cultures. I show that the New Right and New Labour governments who have built and configured site based performance management over the past quarter of a century…

Gunter, Helen M.

2008-01-01

197

Reform of Budget Control in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Treats state government budget control problems, asserting that traditional administrative controls unduly restrict university flexibility in dealing with a competitive marketplace. After analyzing incentives, evaluating budget controls, and explaining budget officers' resistance to experimentation, this paper proposes a reform program based on…

Jones, L. R.; And Others

1986-01-01

198

Reforming Ontario Early Learning: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Herein, we address the reformation of Ontario early learning. Over the next 3 years, all 4- and 5-year-olds in Ontario (Canada) will be able to attend full-day early learning with child care, before and after school provided by the Government of Ontario Ministry of Education. The benefits of such a change are both academic and societal and are…

Ryan, Thomas; Date, Gavin

2014-01-01

199

Comprehensive District Reform: Philadelphia's Grand Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes "Philadelphia's Grand Experiment" in comprehensive school district reform, from its conception through its initial months of implementation. In 2001, as part of the remedy for low student performance, the governor ordered the state to take over governance of the Philadelphia School District, with a substantial number of…

Useem, Elizabeth; Balfanz, Robert

2002-01-01

200

Property reform and legitimacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two factors determine the legitimacy of property reform: the type of regime transition and the production regime. In a “normalizing transition,” as in eastern Europe, property reform is legitimated as part of the general turn to Western conceptions of law. However, since this legitimacy is linked to political rather than economic ideas, the legitimacy of property reform can be short-lived.

Harry Williams

1998-01-01

201

Sputnik Reform Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reforms being called for in the 1980's are compared to reforms of the 1950's. The Sputnik-inspired quest for quality called for reform in the content and structure of basic subjects. Current reports say that what educators are doing in the basic subjects is ok, but they need to do more. (RM)

Strickland, Charles E.

1985-01-01

202

ICT, Innovation and Public Management: Governance, Models & Alternatives for E-Government Infrastructures  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-government and related Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are commonly understood to provide a great opportunity to innovate the business of government by fostering efficiency and reforming public management. This paper argues that the main approaches and methodologies used for the development of e- government applications, services and infrastructure overlook the potential to provide innovative mechanisms for the reshaping of

Diego D. Navarra; Tony Cornford

2005-01-01

203

Governance of Governance in Higher Education: Practices and Lessons Drawn from the Portuguese Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of the governance reform of Portuguese higher education has been developed under the influence of "new public management" resulting in the loss of collegial governance. Additionally, the need for meta-governance of the higher education system and institutions to monitor institutional performance against policy…

Magalhaes, Antonio; Veiga, Amelia; Amaral, Alberto; Sousa, Sofia; Ribeiro, Filipa

2013-01-01

204

Arctic house  

E-print Network

Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

1999-01-01

205

Governments vs States: decoding dual governance in the developing world  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article begins by questioning the transferability of Western conceptualisations of the ‘state’ to the developing world, particularly to those areas in which security concerns are extreme. It proposes that the complicated relationship between security and political liberalisation produces a reform–security dilemma, which in turn may result in dual-governance structures consisting of an autonomous ‘state’ bureaucracy and a relatively newer,

Ersel Aydinli

2010-01-01

206

The effects of House Bill 72 on Texas Public Schools  

E-print Network

14 18 19 22 30 34 40 43 44 48 50 54 57 59 61 63 STATE-FUNDED COMPENSATORY EDUCATION STATE-FUNDED BILINGUAL EDUCATION 64 69 STATE SUPPORTED SPECIAL EDUCATION FOR HANDICAPPED CHILDREN THE EFFECTS OF HOUSE BILL 72 ON VOCATIONAL... for handicapped children, the effects of House Bill 72 on vocational education, and prekindergarten and summer preschool programs. House Bill 72, a comprehensive education reform enacted in the Summer of 1984, combined efforts to enhance the equity of Texas...

Reed, Rhonda Gail

2012-06-07

207

The Changing Governance of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1988 Education Reform Act sought to deconstruct the framework of post-Second World War social democratic governance and replace the tacit rule of professional providers with mechanisms of choice and market competition, thus empowering parents and school leaders. Functions, powers and responsibilities were fundamentally reconstituted and have…

Ranson, Stewart

2008-01-01

208

Health Reform and the Obama Administration: Reflections in Mid-2010  

PubMed Central

The reforms that finally emerged from the Obama administration's initiative were the result of a year of nasty, demagogic and misleading claims in the US public forum, coupled with the complexities of crafting legislation that stood a chance of passing both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The resulting “hybrid” approach to healthcare reform produced a conservative strategy that ignores the experience of other wealthy democracies. More significantly, its long period of implementation, given a possible change of administration in 2012, increases uncertainty regarding whether and how reforms will be rolled out by 2014 and after. PMID:21804835

Marmor, Theodore R.

2010-01-01

209

Schooling Reform in Hard Times. Deakin Studies in Education Series, 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines 1980s educational reforms and their consequences for the 1990s, focusing on the Australian Labor Party government's policy response to conditions of economic scarcity. The first section addresses the broader economic, social, political, and ideological context of educational reform under Australian Labor governments, compared to…

Lingard, Bob, Ed.; And Others

210

Housing Association of the Delaware Valley Photographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1909, concerned Philadelphians and reformers looked around their fair city, and saw terrible slum conditions. That very year, the Philadelphia Housing Commission was formed, and over the years they would lobby to create a comprehensive housing code. In 1915, the enforcement of this code began, and the organization later became the Housing Association of the Delaware Valley. Their photographic archive became part of the collections at the Temple University Libraries. Recently, staff members there digitized over 3,100 photographs that document housing interiors, exteriors, streets, privy vaults, housing projects, and sanitation conditions from 1897 to 1972. Visitors can search the complete archive by keyword, or they can just browse around as they see fit. As a whole, the collection documents the story of Philadelphia's 20th century experience, and the images are quite eye opening.

211

Anabolic Steroid Use: Federal Efforts to Prevent and Reduce Anabolic Steroid Abuse among Teenagers. Report to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-08-15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The abuse of anabolic steroids by teenagers--that is, their use without a prescription--is a health concern. Anabolic steroids are synthetic forms of the hormone testosterone that can be taken orally, injected, or rubbed on the skin. Although a 2006 survey funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) found that less than 3 percent of 12th…

Government Accountability Office, 2007

2007-01-01

212

Effectiveness of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (July 11, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing focuses on the evaluation of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Specifically, the subcommittee was interested in measuring whether significant taxpayer investment has been effective in accomplishing the objectives of the campaign-- reaching the target audience, changing young peoples attitudes about drugs, encouraging…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

213

The National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session (October 14, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing focuses on reviewing the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Discussion focuses on the role of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) in the media campaign, the research base of the campaign, an overview of the integrated campaign, the results attained to date by the campaign, and the contributions of ONDCPs principal…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

214

New urban housing in Seoul, Korea  

E-print Network

For the last three decades, the capital city of Korea, Seoul, has experienced an explosive increase in population and rapid urbanization. This increase has led to a severe housing shortage in Seoul. The government responded ...

Lee, Kwanghyun, 1971-

2001-01-01

215

Advocacy for Policy Change Brandeis students work to reform Massachusetts law  

E-print Network

Advocacy for Policy Change Brandeis students work to reform Massachusetts law September 2013 #12.brandeis.edu/ethics/atbrandeis/advocacy Photos: David J. Weinstein except page 3: Mike Lovett, and page 5: courtesy Massachusetts State House;Advocacy for Policy Change: Brandeis students work to reform Massachusetts law | 1 Table of Contents n

Snider, Barry B.

216

Public Housing in the United States: Using Sustainable Urbanism to Combat Social Exclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States government has taken steps to assure underprivileged citizens housing in the form of public housing through the Department of Housing and Urban Development, as well as various humanitarian programs in the form of homeless shelters. Yet, all housing is not equal. Our freedom to choose where we live and what type of house we live in is

Jasmine L. Edo

2012-01-01

217

Jane Addams Hull House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Windy Cityâ≢s West Side, the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum serves as "a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams." Addams was the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and she worked to transform the lives of immigrants and others through her social service work. Visitors to the site can look through four primary areas: Home, Learn, Program & Events, and Museum. These formal areas contain key materials about the House's activities, and visitors should also look through over areas like Stories as Resistance, How Do We Build Peace and Create More Justice in Chicago?, and Chicago Amplified. One key area is Immigrant City-Chicago, which brings together 94 works that respond to the topic of immigration. Visitors can view poems and works of art around themes such as Our Home and Solidarity. Additionally, the site also contains the Women's History Bus Tour, which is a pdf guidebook that focuses on "women's imprint on the social fabric and life found on the Near West Side and in Pilsen."

218

A genealogy of the government of poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to a genealogy of the discourses and government of poverty. It offers a statement of what might be understood bya genealogical perspective and method, and then focuses on the emergence of a ‘liberal mode of government’ of poverty in the early nineteenth century, of which the reformed poor law in England is emblematic but not exhaustive. The

Dean Mitchell

1992-01-01

219

School Governance and the Mediation of Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1988 Education Reform Act radically transformed the local governance of education, according school governing bodies new delegated powers for budgets and staff as well as responsibility for the strategic direction of the school in a quasi market place of parental choice. To take up these new responsibilities the earlier Education Act 1986 had…

Ranson, Stewart

2011-01-01

220

Housing Market Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing submarkets are typically defined as geographic areas where the price per unit of housing quantity (defined using some index of housing characteristics) is constant. This paper defines housing markets as geographic areas where (1) the price of housing (per unit of service) is constant and (2) individual housing characteristics are available for purchase. We examine housing market segmentation within

Allen C. Goodman; Thomas G. Thibodeau

1998-01-01

221

Housing Tips for International Students Oncampus Housing  

E-print Network

Life website www.fau.edu/housing or at housing@fau.edu (Boca) and JupiterHousing@fau.edu (Jupiter housing at FAU is available on the Boca Raton Campus and the MacArthur (Jupiter) Campus. Oncampus housing involved with the university, make friends, and have the full university life experience. You must apply

Fernandez, Eduardo

222

Affordable housing  

SciTech Connect

This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

Not Available

1989-01-01

223

What About Curriculum Reform at the State Level?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the impact of federal and state government on the autonomy of local school districts, particularly in the area of curriculum reform. Examines the effect of recent state legislation on New Jersey school districts, describing two local school district programs that illustrate the influence of state and federal government. (JG)

Hall, Kenneth D.; Brinson, Virginia

1978-01-01

224

Devolution and Welfare Reform: Re-Evaluating "Success"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The passage of welfare reform shifted significant authority for welfare provision from the federal government to state and local governments. Proponents of devolution point to drastic caseload declines as evidence that state-run programs are decreasing dependency among families. However, welfare rolls in many states have remained stagnant or…

Sheely, Amanda

2012-01-01

225

U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

226

CHINA'S ECONOMIC AND EDUCATION REFORM: A ROLE FOR COMMUNITY COLLEGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The People's Republic of China has undertaken two profound initiatives in the past 20 years. First, the central government announced that it is going to shift from a centrally planned model of economics to one that will be based on the attributes of a free market. Second, the government called for a reform of the education system, which had become

David P. McBreen; Edna L. McBreen; Zhiming Wu

1996-01-01

227

The Transformation, Reform, and Prospect of Distance Education in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taiwanese government has emphasized education reform in the past few decades and has focused particularly on distance education. Several legislative initiatives involving distance education have recently implemented new policies governing distance education. These new policies are in opposition to the results of research accomplished in foreign countries regarding distance education and underscore an urgent need to examine the feelings and

Chih-Hsiung Tu; Hui-Ling Twu

228

Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

229

Root Causes of the Housing Bubble  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter we investigate root causes of the recent US housing bubble which has been caused a serious downturn in US economic growth since autumn of 2008. We propose a simple model of housing markets in order to indicate the possible determinants of recent housing prices. Utilizing the model, we verify a number of hypotheses which have been proposed in the recent literature on the housing bubbles. We suggest that the main causes of the housing bubble from 2000 to 2006 are (1) non-elastic housing supply in the metropolitan areas, and (2) declines in the mortgage loan rate and the housing premium by the massive mortgage credit expansion. We also suggest that these factors were strongly influenced by policies that governments and the Federal Reserve Board performed.

Kaizoji, Taisei

230

Education Reforms in Chile, 1980-98: A Lesson in Pragmatism. Country Studies: Education Reform and Management Publication Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the last 2 decades of basic education reform in Chile with an emphasis on institutional and political dimensions. Chapter 1 centers on how the government has reoriented the formal and informal rules and incentives governing the behavior of teachers, parents, and administrators in an effort to produce greater system efficacy and…

Delannoy, Francoise

231

[The reform of Spanish abortion law].  

PubMed

The article focuses on the different factors and circumstances that have led to the reform of Spanish Abortion Law (1985). Judicial investigations of several abortion clinics have demonstrated that up until today there has been a widespread tendency of the clinics to practice beyond the limits established by the law. Nonetheless, the reaction of the government has not been to protect the life of the unborn. Its reaction has been, however, to cover the irregularities committed by the abortionists through the legalization of their abusive practices. Besides, the reform of the law has been inspired by elements of radical feminism. The author points out the major reasons that make this reform unconstitutional and offers alternative solutions for the protection of the mother and the unborn child. PMID:19799486

Requero Ibáñez, José Luís

2009-01-01

232

Electricity reform and sustainable development in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reducing the environmental impact of supplying electricity is a key to China's sustainable development, and a focus of both domestic and international concerns with greenhouse gas emissions. The environmental performance of the electricity sector is strongly affected by its institutional arrangements: regulatory frameworks, wholesale markets, pricing mechanisms, planning and coordination, and enforcement and incentive mechanisms. These arrangements are set to change as electricity reforms inaugurated in 2002, but sidetracked by several years of supply shortages, are being resumed. In this paper we examine the impact of electricity reform on environmental sustainability by analyzing case studies of four environmental initiatives in the electricity sector: retirement of inefficient generators, installation of pollution control equipment, renewable energy development, and efforts to promote energy efficiency. We find that implementation of these policies falls short of objectives for two main underlying reasons: conflicting priorities between central and provincial governments, and ineffective regulation. Sustainability will be best served not by redoubling short-term supply-oriented, market-based reforms, but by better aligning central and provincial government incentives, and by developing competent, independent regulation at the provincial level. China's central government and sub-national governments in industrialized countries can both contribute to the latter goal.

Williams, James H.; Kahrl, Fredrich

2008-10-01

233

U.S. IMMIGRATION REFORM: POLICY ISSUES AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, legal U. S. immigration has approached historically high levels, and illegal immigration has been thought to be high and perhaps rising. Consequently, the Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy proposed sweeping changes in the nation's immigration laws. During 1984, both the Senate and House passed the Immigration Reform and Control Act (Simpson-Mazzoli Bill). This bill subsequently

MICHAEL J. GREENWOOD; JOHN M. McDOWELL

1985-01-01

234

Health care reform and rural mental health: Severe mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service needs of rural severely mentally ill and strengths of rural communities are addressed. Health care reform policy development at present appears to neglect the seriously mentally ill in general and rural services specifically. Examples of strategies to meet the needs for health care, psychiatric treatment, psychosocial rehabilitation and appropriate housing are described. The advantages and drawbacks of such efforts

Catherine F. Kane; Jacqueline M. Ennis

1996-01-01

235

Smart Houses  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

1987-01-01

236

Agrarian Reforms in Turkmenistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkmenistan has implemented significant reforms in agriculture, increasing the size of the household plot sector, enabling the emergence of independent private farms, and most importantly individualizing to a certain extent the production arrangements in former collective farms through the introduction of leasehold contracts. Yet the policies underlying these reforms are not entirely consistent: state orders are retained for the main

Zvi Lerman; Ivan Stanchin

237

Educational Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

Aksit, Necmi

2007-01-01

238

Tax Reform & University Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure discusses the implications of the Tax Reform Act of 1969 for university and college development officers charged with the responsibility for solicitation of gifts, bequests and grants from foundations. The solicitation of deferred gifts, bequests and grants from foundations is discussed in chapter one in relation to tax reform and…

Myers, John Holt

239

Reform: To What End?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author looks at school reform in light of his experiences documenting effective public education in classrooms across the United States. Observing in an inner-city 1st grade classroom, he sees a teacher who is knowledgeable, resourceful, and particularly effective with her students. He notes that none of the current high-profile reform ideas…

Rose, Mike

2010-01-01

240

Reform Disconnection in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines many of the frustrations associated with implementing education reforms in mainland Chinese schools. Our basic argument is that when taken individually, many of the recent reforms are beneficial, but when parceled together and thrust hastily at schools, they are unwieldy and disconnected. We suggest that the inability of the…

Walker, Allan; Qian, Haiyan

2012-01-01

241

Thinking about Tax Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing pre-college teachers with an analysis of tax reform is the primary goal of this publication. The present tax system is both inefficient and inequitable. Three goals of tax reform proposals are detailed: (1) fairness--the dimensions of horizontal equity, or equal treatment of equals however defined, and vertical equity, reflecting the…

Boskin, Michael J.

1985-01-01

242

Reforming Science: Methodological and Cultural Reforms  

PubMed Central

Contemporary science has brought about technological advances and an unprecedented understanding of the natural world. However, there are signs of dysfunction in the scientific community as well as threats from diverse antiscience and political forces. Incentives in the current system place scientists under tremendous stress, discourage cooperation, encourage poor scientific practices, and deter new talent from entering the field. It is time for a discussion of how the scientific enterprise can be reformed to become more effective and robust. Serious reform will require more consistent methodological rigor and a transformation of the current hypercompetitive scientific culture. PMID:22184414

Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C.

2012-01-01

243

Global development challenges and health care reform.  

PubMed

Changes in the role of the state and private sector are seen as central to success of many health care reforms. The article argues for a more focused "stewardship" function of governments in securing equity, efficiency, and quality objectives through more effective policy making (steering), regulating, contracting, and ensuring that adequate financing arrangements are available for the whole population. At the same time, the author argues a strong case for greater private participation in providing health services (rowing). The article reviews related reform trends in health care financing, generation of inputs and service providers. It concludes that reforms often fail, not because of a flawed technical design, but because of other factors. These include a lack of political commitment to change, resistance from vested stakeholders who fear loosing some of their existing benefits, and a failure by policymakers to translate successful aspects of the reforms into something visible that ordinary people and the public can see with their own eyes when next they use the reformed services. PMID:11858008

Preker, A S

2001-01-01

244

26 CFR 1.9300-1 - Reduction in taxable income for housing displaced individuals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Reduction in taxable income for housing displaced individuals. 1.9300-1...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Tax Reform Act of 1969 §...

2010-04-01

245

Chinese housing mixology : considerations for the successful development of mixed-income housing  

E-print Network

In recent years, the Chinese government transformed their national system of housing provision and introduced market mechanisms. The consequent boom in residential real estate development and the emergence of speculative ...

Chan, Janelle (Janelle Jie-Ying)

2007-01-01

246

State restructuring and the scale politics of rural water governance in Bolivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent attempts to grant private concessions to water in Bolivia raise questions regarding the effects of the state's neoliberal restructuring on environmental governance. Like other Latin American states, Bolivia has enacted sweeping neoliberal reforms during the past two decades, including privatization of public sector industries, reduction of state services, and administrative decentralization. These reforms have been accompanied by constitutional reforms

Thomas Perreault

2005-01-01

247

Model houses and housing ideology in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the meaning of the house through an interpretation of model house advertisements and display houses in Australia over the past 20 years. The advertising discourse is analysed as a set of cultural constructs, which, being market sensitive, reflect changing social structures, values and ideologies. Over this period the house structure has been transformed. The informal ‘family’ area

Kim Dovey

1992-01-01

248

Creating a Web 2.0 government: Views and perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, the role played by governments has moved further away from direct service provision towards regulation and governance of services provided by a multiplicity of private and non-profit entities. Governments have put reform and innovation of the public sector into their programs, striving to deliver more efficient and effective public services, in order to meet the increasing

Hau-Dong Tsui; Chong-Yen Lee; Ching-Bang Yao

2010-01-01

249

The Impact of Direct Public Funding for Private Developers on Non-Profit Housing Networks in England: Exploring a Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reforms to the funding of new social housing in England in 2004 enabled private sector firms to compete with existing non-profit providers for grant. These reforms are at an early stage, but already around 4 per cent of new social housing is being constructed through direct funding of private developers. Expectations of increased efficiency were partially confirmed by the competitive

David Mullins; Bruce Walker

2009-01-01

250

Affordable Homeownership Policy: Implications for Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. This paper aims to examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government.\\u000aDesign\\/methodology\\/approach – The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the

Sock Yong PHANG-LIM

2010-01-01

251

Atuarfitsialak: Greenland's Cultural Compatible Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, Greenlandic reform leaders launched a comprehensive, nation-wide reform to create culturally compatible education. Greenland's reform work spans the entire educational system and includes preschool through higher education. To assist their efforts, reform leaders adopted the Standards for Effective Pedagogy developed at the Center for…

Wyatt, Tasha R.

2012-01-01

252

Smallholder Livelihood Adaptation in the Context of Neoliberal Policy Reforms: A Case of Maize Farmers in Southern Veracruz, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments around the world have embraced trade liberalisation as a means of enhancing efficiency to realise economic growth and alleviate poverty. Likewise, the Mexican government implemented neoliberal policy reforms, the NAFTA in particular, to stimulate sustainable development. Using the Mexican maize sector as illustration, this article describes the adaptation process of smallholders to market changes shaped by these reforms. Going

Sytske F. Groenewald; Marrit M. Van Den Berg

2012-01-01

253

Fostering Effective Parental Participation in Education: Lessons from a Comparison of Reform Processes in Nicaragua and Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the trend to augment parental participation in school governance, we know little about what forms of participation work; nor do we know enough about the nature of reform processes that foster the most constructive forms of participation. This article compares reform experiences in Nicaragua and Mexico and finds certain responsibilities—primarily resource and personnel management—that governments should give participatory groups

Alec Ian Gershberg

1999-01-01

254

76 FR 31300 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a resolution to award and present David Burke Distinguished Journalism Awards, and receive and consider a report from the Governance Committee regarding reforming the Agency's management structure. Board members will also report on the state of...

2011-05-31

255

Does Selling State Silver Generate Private Gold? Determinants and Impacts of State House Sales and Acquisitions in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

New Zealand experienced two natural experiments with respect to state-provided social housing after 1990. First, while continuing to acquire new state houses, the National Government substantially reduced the overall state house stock by selling a greater number of houses either to existing tenants (through the Home Buy scheme) or, if the house was vacant, to other purchasers (vacant sales). From

Katy Bergstrom; Arthur Grimes; Steve Stillman

2011-01-01

256

Blueprints for Reform: Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Blueprints for Reform is a summation of reports offering teachers, parents, policymakers, business leaders, and others a starting point for their exploration of the education system and its response to reform. This chapter looks at how student assessment in American schools might be redesigned to match the goals of science education reform put forth in that are exemplified in efforts such as Project 2061's Benchmarks for Science Literacy. It is divided into three sections that describe current assessment practice in the United States, suggest changes that are needed in order for science reform goals to be implemented, and explore possibilities and recommendations for closing the gap between current practice and a more ideal vision of science assessment.

257

NETL - Fuel Reforming Facilities  

ScienceCinema

Research using NETL's Fuel Reforming Facilities explores catalytic issues inherent in fossil-energy related applications, including catalyst synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, catalyst activity and selectivity, catalyst deactivation, and stability.

None

2014-06-27

258

University of Toronto Governing Council  

E-print Network

of the Governing Council Room 106, Simcoe Hall 27 King's College Circle University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario M5S and student societies areas for which the University Affairs Board has responsibility: Athletics, Hart House as a whole, the fee structure shall include all groups of tuition-paying potential users. However

Boonstra, Rudy

259

University of Toronto Governing Council  

E-print Network

fiVO AR BO R VELUT University of Toronto Governing Council W eb C opy POLICY ON STUDENT HOUSING Room 106, Simcoe Hall 27 King's College Circle University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1 Phone is an important part of the University of Toronto student experience. The University's purpose in relation

Boonstra, Rudy

260

The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than change in educational politics. It also shows that these have been constrained by the militant and powerful National Teachers' Union. Although the new government has achieved some progress in equity and management, the quality of education can be seen to remain inferior.

Ornelas, Carlos

2004-07-01

261

Housing consumption in urban China: a comparative study of Beijing and Guangzhou  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Chinese government has made repeated attempts to end the so-called welfare provision of housing so as to reduce the burden on the state and the individual work units. Development companies have been set up to undertake housing construction and the housing units sold as commodities; these are referred to as 'commodity housing'. The author conducts a comparative study of

Si-ming Li

2000-01-01

262

Emerging Governance in State-Level Higher Education: Competing Pressures and Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation study considered reforms in state-level higher education governance in the United States. Many researchers have suggested the emergence of market-oriented models in higher education governance. This study explored the existence of market-oriented models as well as other reform models in two western states, Utah and Washington. …

Mortensen, Brad Leon

2009-01-01

263

WOMEN, PARTICIPATION AND EMPOWERMENT IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT: BANGLADESH UNION PARISHAD PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mainstreaming women through gender specific policies is an acknowledged precondition for achieving meaningful development in any developing country like Bangladesh. Yet it is only recently that this issue has been recognized as such in the context of policy reforms in both administrative and local government arenas. Recent local government reform in Bangladesh has led to creation of quota for women

MOSTAFIZUR RAHMAN KHAN; FARDAUS ARA

2006-01-01

264

"The More Things Change...?": The Thatcher Years and Educational Reform in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The period of the Thatcher Government continues to have special significance for politics and governance in Scotland. In the 11 years of the Thatcher Government, landmark legislation and reforms affected key areas of the Scottish society and economy. Education featured prominently in the Thatcherite agenda in Scotland. In Scotland, the education…

Arnott, Margaret A.

2011-01-01

265

The Effects of Higher Education Funding Reforms on the Lifetime Incomes of Graduates. CEE DP 78  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper undertakes a quantitative analysis of substantial reforms to the system of higher education (HE) finance first announced in 2004 and then revised again in July 2007. The reforms introduced deferred fees for HE, payable by graduates through the tax system in the form of income-contingent repayments on loans subsidised by the government.…

Dearden, Lorraine; Fitzsimons, Emla; Goodman, Alissa; Kaplan, Greg

2008-01-01

266

The Post-Modern Rhetoric of Recent Reforms in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last few years, radical neo-liberal reforms have been introduced in the Greek Higher Education sector. The new "reforms" challenge the traditionally high autonomy of Higher Education (HE) institutions in matters of administrative regulations, study structures, assessment of students and teachers. The new rhetoric of the Greek government is…

Gouvias, Dionysios

2012-01-01

267

Boosting Student Achievement: The Effect of Comprehensive School Reform on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between the late 1980s and early 2000s, schools, districts, states, and the federal government devoted enormous resources to the implementation of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) models. With more than 1.6 billion federal dollars distributed through the Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) project and its successor, the CSR project,…

Gross, Betheny; Booker, T. Kevin; Goldhaber, Dan

2009-01-01

268

Chronology of banking reforms in Nigeria : A survey of past and present theoretical and empirical literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Governments of many developed and developing countries have designed and implemented various financial reforms to enable the sector to play the role of efficient financial intermediation, thereby helping to bolster economic growth and development. The purpose of this paper is to survey past and present literature on the chronology of banking reforms in Nigeria and the implications of

Ahmad Bello Dogarawa

2011-01-01

269

Education Reform in New York City: Ambitious Change in the Nation's Most Complex School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in an accessible style by highly respected scholars, the papers in this volume document and analyze particular components of the Children First reforms, including governance, community engagement, finance, accountability, and instruction. The education reforms in New York City's public schools begun under the administration of Mayor…

O'Day, Jennifer A., Ed.; Bitter, Catherine S., Ed.; Gomez, Louis M., Ed.

2011-01-01

270

Extending Structuration Theory: A Study of an IT-Enabled Budget Reform in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 50 years, governments have been engaged in recurrent reforms to their budgetary systems. New budgetary and managerial techniques and information systems (IS) are often coupled together with the goal of facilitating the adoption of budget reforms. The result is a joint innovation unevenly adopted across different organizations and…

Puron Cid, Gabriel

2010-01-01

271

Perceptions of Subjective Economic Well-Being and Support for Market Reform among China's Urban Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines whether subjective economic assessments have any impact on support for further market reforms among China's urban population, utilising a large survey of 10,716 people across 32 cities. The effect of subjective economic well-being on support for market reforms is an important issue for the Chinese government as it seeks to sell the benefits of increased globalisation and

Ingrid Nielsen; Chris Nyland; Russell Smyth; Cherrie Jiuhua Zhu

2005-01-01

272

Swallowing the Bitter PillSources of Popular Support for Neoliberal Reform in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

What accounts for the surprisingly widespread popular approval that painful neoliberal reforms elicited in several Latin American countries? This article compares the explanatory power of two rival hypotheses, which draw on conventional rational choice and psychological decision theory. The compensation hypothesis claims that governments can engineer support for costly reforms by compensating the losers through targeted social benefits. The rescue

KURT WEYLAND

1998-01-01

273

The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

Mernacaj, Marash

2011-01-01

274

The "Mock Reform" of History Education in Moldova: Actors versus the Script  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to understand the development and debates surrounding a controversial history textbook reform in post-Soviet Moldova. The textbook debate highlighted two identity agendas: first, for politicians and government officials, reforming the curriculum was necessary for the consolidation of a national identity; second, for educators,…

Worden, Elizabeth Anderson

2011-01-01

275

Report: Educational Reform in Spain. International Seminar on the Prospective of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conviction that a complete reform of the educational system was necessary has won over the minds of the Spanish people and the government. The observations made from all levels about the bases of the educational policy were borne in mind in the preparation of the Draft Law of Education and Financing of the Educational Reform, which, having…

Ministry of Education and Science, Madrid (Spain). National Centre of Research for the Development of Education.

276

Housing policy in China  

E-print Network

In the last three decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has managed to replace its welfare-based urban housing system with a market-based housing provision scheme. With such significant housing policy changes, the ...

Gao, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01

277

"From Houses of Refuge to 'Youth Corrections': Same Story, Different Day"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 180 years ago the first of a long line of prisons specifically designed for young offenders was created in New York City. Called the New York House of Refuge, its creators called it a "school." The State Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, in its famous decision in "Ex Parte Crouse," stated that the aims of the house of refuge were to reform the…

Shelden, Randall G.

2005-01-01

278

A light in the dark : labor reform in Guatemala during the FRG administration, 2000-2004  

E-print Network

Recent literature on Latin America has highlighted cases of reform by the region's governments to increase State regulation of the labor market, offset the detrimental effects of the so-called Washington Consensus, and ...

Fuentes, Alberto (Alberto Jose)

2007-01-01

279

Government Debt  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys the literature on the macroeconomic effects of government debt. It begins by discussing the data on debt and deficits, including the historical time series, measurement issues, and projections of future fiscal policy. The paper then presents the conventional theory of government debt, which emphasizes aggregate demand in the short run and crowding out in the long run.

Douglas W. Elmendorf; N. Gregory Mankiw

1998-01-01

280

Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Information by Federal Agencies. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (April 29, June 26, October 18, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides a complete record of testimony presented at a series of hearings before the U.S. Congress on the electronic collection and dissemination of information by federal agencies. In looking at the effect of new computer and communications technology on government information activities and practices, the hearings considered such…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

281

Opening the Window for ReformMandates, Crises, and Extraordinary PolicyMaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under what conditions are governments within established democratic political systems willing and able to launch ambitious reform programs? In other words, what conjunctural factors generally serve to open the “window” for reform? The central argument of this article is that extraordinary policy-making generally becomes possible only when a macro-window is opened by a government's achievement of an impressive mandate and\\/or

JOHN T. S. KEELER

1993-01-01

282

Strangers, spirits, and land reforms: conflicts about land in Dande, northern Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book describes efforts by the Zimbabwean government to enforce land reforms on African farmers in northern Zimbabwe. These efforts compounded rather than alleviated the problem of land scarcity for black small-scale farmers, a problem government now allegedly seeks to redress through invasions of white-owned farms. The book describes the similarities between the post-Independence land reforms and those attempted by

Marja J. Spierenburg

2004-01-01

283

Emerging Strategies for Private-Sector Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report delineates five governance strategies in U.S. corporations that have emerged over the last 20 years: (1) reform of corporate boards, which includes the role of boards and implementation approaches; (2) organizational improvement, which details employee involvement, total quality management, and reengineering; (3) developing team-based…

Gibson, Cristina

284

Local Government Responses to Education Grants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a primer for policymakers about the economics of education grants and draws implications for school finance reform. Includes an overview of the types of education grants that states and the federal government have used to aid local spending and summarizes findings from states' experiences with different forms of education finance.…

Fisher, Ronald C.; Papke, Leslie E.

2000-01-01

285

Blair House: The President's Guest House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Blair House has been the next-door neighbor of the White House in Washington, DC since 1824 and it is the President's official guest house. The house is named after Francis Preston Blair, who served in President Andrew Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" and he was the consummate political insider during the administrations of Martin Van Buren and Abraham Lincoln. Today, the house also serves as a home for the president-elect in the days before the inauguration. This marvelous website from CSPAN provides visitors with video clips of the house, and it's quite a tour. There are ten short profiles that include views of the principal suite, the drawing room, and the Lincoln Room. The site also has interviews with people who have spent time getting to know the Blair House, including Ambassador Nancy Brinker and Deputy Chief of Protocol Raymond P. Martinez.

286

Comprehensive Solutions for Urban Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The comprehensive school reform (CSR) models build consistency throughout a district while addressing the needs of individual schools. The high-quality CSR programs offer a most effective option for urban education reform.

Kilgore, Sally

2005-01-01

287

Basic Education Reform in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the general process and outcomes of basic education reform in the context of changes in the educational system of China. Identifies lessons the Chinese reform experience can offer other developing countries. (SLD)

Wang, Chengzhi; Zhou, Quanhua

2002-01-01

288

Labor Rekindles Reform  

PubMed Central

The health care crisis is back. There is intensifying sentiment across the country that universal coverage is our only way out. The labor movement has used historically such opportunities for change to win health benefits at the bargaining table and strengthen the social safety net. Eighty years of incremental victories and many failed attempts at major health reform have taught labor a crucial lesson: we must build a powerful grassroots movement to drive our effort to achieve universal coverage, or it is doomed to be corrupted by those wedded to the status quo. Now is the right time for reform. PMID:12511393

Stern, Andrew L.

2003-01-01

289

To Establish a National Policy on Permanent Papers. Hearing on H.J. Res 226 To Establish a National Policy on Permanent Papers, before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the text of House Joint Resolution 226, which establishes a policy that Federal records, books, and publications of enduring value be produced on acid free permanent papers; recommends that federal agencies and American publishers require the use of acid free permanent papers for publications of enduring value; recommends…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture.

290

The Student Success Act: Reforming Federal Accountability Requirements under No Child Left Behind. WebMemo. No. 3461  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On its 10-year anniversary, there is consensus that No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is broken. The debate over how to reform NCLB has generated a number of proposals from both houses of Congress and the Obama Administration, but ideas about how to rewrite the law differ greatly. In early 2012, the House Education and the Workforce Committee introduced…

Burke, Lindsey M.

2012-01-01

291

Electricity reform and Gains from the reallocation of resources  

SciTech Connect

Perhaps the greatest beneficiary of electricity reform in Australia was the state government of Victoria itself, which was able to reduce debt levels and post budget surpluses even while increasing expenditure and employment levels in education, health care, and law and order. (author)

Abbott, Malcolm

2007-08-15

292

Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

Galway, Gerald

2012-01-01

293

Practical Work in Ireland: A Time of Reform and Debate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and discusses the role of practical work in science education in Ireland. The 2002 report of a government Task Force on the Physical Sciences, set up to consider the problems facing the teaching of the physical sciences in second-level schools in Ireland, has resulted in rapid reform of the science curriculum at both junior…

Kennedy, Declan

2012-01-01

294

Reform and Change in Higher Education: International Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of nine articles presents case studies of educational reform and change in 10 nations, focusing on the changing role of government involvement in higher education. The articles are: (1) "University-State Relations in Britain: Paradigm of Autonomy" (Peter Scott); (2) "Changing Conceptions of State-University Relations: The Israeli…

Mauch, James E., Ed.; Sabloff, Paula L. W., Ed.

295

Leading and Managing Schools in the Post-Reform Era.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, the United Kingdom's central government education-reform program has created new leadership and management tasks. Key questions have arisen about how leaders will work to achieve the core purpose of their schools. This paper is based on a review of 15 major research studies that examined the impact of recent educational…

Weindling, Dick; Wallace, Mike

296

Paradoxes of Decentralization: Water Reform and Social Implications in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. — Decentralized governance of water resources is a centerpiece of Mexico's neoliberal reform strategy. We analyze decentralization based on urban\\/rural case studies in distinct geo- graphical regions to ascertain whether it is linked to more efficient water management or sustain- able use of water resources, and to examine its development implications. We assess whether or not private sector management

Patricia Romero Lankao

2006-01-01

297

Cambodian Refugee Families in the Shadows of Welfare Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Provisions in the 1996 Federal Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, commonly known as welfare reform, sought to limit refugees and other legal immigrants’ access to government services and assistance. Although the 1997 Balanced Budget Act restored some benefits to those who arrived before the law was passed, little is known about how refugee families navigated the new welfare

Karen Quintiliani

2009-01-01

298

Brave New World: Higher Education Reform in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways,…

Aarrevaara, Timo; Dobson, Ian R.; Elander, Camilla

2009-01-01

299

Korean Higher Education Reforms and Changes since the 1990s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Korean higher education has experienced significant changes since the 1990s. Terms like quality, excellence, competition, efficiency, restructuring, and accountability have become dominant in higher education discourse. These changes are integral parts of higher education reforms implemented by the South Korean government and higher educational…

Oh, Yun Suk

2011-01-01

300

Re-Forming the School: Taking Swedish Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of government decentralisation and integration of services, over the last 15 years Sweden has been developing an all-day school based on inter-professional teamworking and adopting a holistic approach to working with children. The article describes these recent educational reforms in Sweden, which have sought to re-structure the…

Johansson, Inge; Moss, Peter

2012-01-01

301

National Identity and the Challenge of Health Reform in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health reform remains the most contentious policy issue in Canada. Medicare is subject to the same political forces that demand state retrenchment in other areas, but it has escaped wholesale reorganization because of the commitment of Canadians to the principles of medicare, because the provinces and the federal government remain locked in a battle about provincial autonomy, and because the

Evelyn L. Forget

2002-01-01

302

Decentralization of Educational Development Reforms in Nigeria: A Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to seek to appraise regional compliance to decentralization laws establishing Education Boards and Committees since the Nigerian Government has for some time now been making efforts aimed at reforming her educational system. Design/methodology/approach: Employing ex post facto design, the study uses survey…

Ikoya, Peter O.

2007-01-01

303

Three Channels of Education in Developing Countries: Some Needed Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the three channels for education in developing countries: schools, or the formal education system; modern nonformal education through mass media and government programs; and the traditional incidental education serving most of the people. Suggests reforms in all channels to emphasize adult and continuing education. (MF)

Naik, J. P.

1979-01-01

304

Chile: Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In March 2001, Human Rights Watch released this new report. "Chile: Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform" examines the failure of the current democratic government of Chile to repeal repressive laws established and enforced under Pinochet, including laws that criminalize speech and make "contempt of authority" a crime against the state.

2001-01-01

305

Schools Linked to Obesity: Issues, Concerns and Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key Word: obesity, schools, reforms Abstract: Obesity is a growing epidemic concerning children in the United States, which affects children's self esteem and school performance. Many concerns have been raised in relation to the federal government's school hot lunch programs and the steady increase in childhood obesity. Foods served in the school lunch programs are high in fat, sugar and

Andrea Kolbeck

306

Public Opinion and Health Care Reform for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent polling data suggest that there is a growing consensus to pay special attention to children's needs in the health care reform debate. The public generally desires children to have greater access to health care services, even if this would mean higher taxes, but is unsure that government is the best vehicle to provide such services. (MDM)

Bales, Susan Nall

1993-01-01

307

Reforming the Private Insurance Market  

E-print Network

. President Obama and Members of Congress have made health care reform a top priority and legislation SUMMARY s national health care reform efforts go forward, it is instructive to review states' experience INTRODUCTION he prospects for national health care reform are more promising than at any time since 1994

Kammen, Daniel M.

308

Globalization, Citizenship and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…

Qi, Jie

2009-01-01

309

Kudzu, Rabbits, and School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essay on school reform argues that quality teachers are key to successful reform, not reform rhetoric by state governors and U.S. Presidents. Asserts that primary mission of schooling is to provide students an educational apprenticeship in democracy. Qualified, caring, competent teachers are essential to accomplish this mission. (PKP)

Goodlad, John I.

2002-01-01

310

Educational Reform and Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains six studies that were commissioned for the National Assessment of Vocational Education. "Introduction" (Ann M. Milne) provides an overview of the reforms of the 1980s. "The Impact of Educational Reform on Vocational Education" (Marion Asche, Donald E. Elson, Ann Echols, Arthur Williams) examines primary strategies of reform

Milne, Ann M., Ed.

311

Prospects for Health Care Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This editorial reviews areas of health care reform including managed health care, diagnosis-related groups, and the Resource-Based Relative Value Scale for physician services. Relevance of such reforms to people with developmental disabilities is considered. Much needed insurance reform is not thought to be likely, however. (DB)

Kastner, Theodore

1992-01-01

312

Children and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

2002-01-01

313

Educational Reform in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommendations for the reform of the administrative structure, curriculum and methods, and equality of Thailand's educational system are provided. This journal is available from the Unesco Regional Office for Education in Asia, Darakarn Building, 920 Sukhumvit Road, P.O. Box 1425, Bangkok, Thailand.

Bennett, Nicholas

1975-01-01

314

Examining Comprehensive School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban school reformers for decades have tried to improve educational outcomes for underserved and disadvantaged students, with the assistance of constantly evolving federal and state policies. In recent years, education policies have shifted from targeting individual students to developing universal standards for teaching and learning, and…

Aladjem, Daniel K., Ed.; Borman, Kathryn M., Ed.

2006-01-01

315

Reform on the Move  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aurora (Colorado) Public Schools responded to the Colorado State Model Content Standards for Reading and Writing and the accountability measures attached to the state assessments by implementing the Aurora Achievement Initiative in 2001. Originating from literature on best practices and large-scale school reform, the goal of the districtwide…

Clark, Janet; Otte, Michelle; Fair, Lynn

2006-01-01

316

Educational Reform in Louisiana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although education has appealed to southern governors as a catapult to historical recognition, future governors should consider Louisiana Governor Buddy Roemer's ill-fated educational reform plan for Louisiana State University's College of Education, particularly its teacher evaluation and internship program. Public education seems a low-priority…

Maxcy, Spencer J.; Maxcy, Doreen O.

1993-01-01

317

Reforming Teacher Pay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent Google search for information regarding performance pay in education produced 6.1 million results. This number should come as no surprise given the current level of interest in incentives as a popular reform option in public education. Supporters believe pay-for-performance programs encourage less effective teachers to improve and will…

Burns, Susan Freeman; Gardner, Catherine D.

2010-01-01

318

Can Aid Reform Institutions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of foreign aid and of aid-giving organizations are at odds with what we know about institutional change: that it is often gradual, path dependent, and contrary to Western notions of best practice. Empirical analyses find no positive correlation between aid and better institutions. If aid cannot reform institutions, can aid avoid damaging institutions? Efforts to insulated aid projects

Mary M. Shirley

319

Californians and Immigration Reform  

E-print Network

June 2013 Californians and Immigration Reform Alternatives Jack Citrin Morris Levy Gabriel LenzWork and Speak English Most California registered voters support a path to citizen- ship for illegal immigrants kind of path to citizenship for at least some illegal immigrants. In most cases, a majority supports

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

320

Prisons and Sentencing Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews current themes in sentencing and prison policy. The eight articles of this special issue discuss selective incapacitation, prison bed allocation models, computer-scored classification systems, race and gender relations, commutation, parole, and a historical review of sentencing reform. (JAC)

Galvin, Jim

1983-01-01

321

Middle-Grades Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Forum to Accelerate Middle-Grades Reform, influential in middle-grades policy, advocates a three tiered approach envisioning high-performing schools as academically rigorous, developmentally responsive, and socially equitable. This report discusses pioneering programs, critics' concerns, exemplary Michigan programs, and urban schools'…

Norton, John; Lewis, Anne C.

2000-01-01

322

Welfare Reform and Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the effect of state and federal welfare reforms over the period 1990-2000 on health insurance coverage and healthcare utilization by single women aged between 20-45 is presented. It is observed that Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996 which replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program of 1990s with…

Bitler, Marianne P.; Gelback, Jonah B.; Hoynes, Hilary W.

2005-01-01

323

Health sector reforms in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons of the last 10 years.  

PubMed

Over the past 10 years the poorest countries, especially in Africa, have struggled with worsening economic conditions and reduced public finance for health services. Some governments have responded in a piecemeal fashion, reacting to internal and external pressures. Others have embarked on major reforms of various aspects of their health systems. This paper reviews two specific types of strategy that have been initiated by governments: reform of financing strategies, and reform of public sector organization and procedures. Particular attention is paid to the experience of introducing user fees, community financing and decentralization since these have been some of the most popular strategies. The paper describes the nature, objectives and extent of reforms. It then presents an evaluation framework related to the criteria of efficiency and equity, and evaluates current reform experience using this framework. It concludes that assessment of the potential impact of reforms on efficiency and equity is undermined by the limited duration of many reforms and the limited nature of existing evaluations. It is clear, however, that a policy package is required rather than implementation of isolated reform strategies, and that in order to design an effective policy package, more needs to be known about the implementation and operation of reforms--particularly with respect to the influence of context, actors and processes. PMID:10156640

Gilson, L; Mills, A

1995-01-01

324

Policy process for health sector reforms: a case study of Punjab Province (Pakistan).  

PubMed

The health sector in the Punjab (Pakistan) faces many problems, and, the government introduced reforms during 1993-2000. This paper explores the policy process for the reforms. A case study method was used and, to assist this, a conceptual framework was developed. Analysis of four initiatives indicated that there were deviations from the government guidelines and that the policy processes used were weak. The progress of different reforms was affected by a variety of factors: the immaturity of the political process and civil society, which together with innate conservatism and resistance to change on the part of the bureaucracy resulted in weak strategic sectoral leadership and a lack of clear purpose underpinning the reforms. It also resulted in weaknesses in preparation of the detail of reforms leading to poor implementation. The study suggests a need for broadening the stakeholders' base, building the capacity of policy-makers in policy analysis and strengthening the institutional basis of policymaking bodies. PMID:19946945

Tarin, Ehsanullah; Green, Andrew; Omar, Maye; Shaw, Jane

2009-01-01

325

Standardizing the home?: Women reformers and domestic service in New Deal New York.  

PubMed

In response to the poor working conditions suffered by domestics struggling to survive the Depression, middle-class women's organizations initiated various legislative reforms aimed at tackling the problems they believed plagued the occupation. Throughout these years, organized women debated three key pieces of reform related to domestic service: efforts to suppress street-corner markets, health requirements for prospective domestics, and state-level wage and hour reform. These reforms were united by the rhetoric of privacy, which clubwomen used both to oppose wage and hour reform and to support requirements that domestics have physicals before applying for work. This article examines the fine distinction that middle-class women's organizations drew between public and private in the appropriate application of government power and the resulting conflict between progressive women's gender ideology and their most deeply-held reform ideals. In doing so, it reveals organized women's struggle to reconcile their humane ideals with the reality in their kitchens. PMID:21966705

May, Vanessa

2011-01-01

326

Reform of the health care system in Turkey: a review of universal health insurance.  

PubMed

Starting with the 1990s, Turkey has been restructuring its health care system. In December 2003, the Government of Turkey announced a comprehensive reform programme, entitled "Transformation in Health". This reform package consisted of reorganizing health services delivery and finance systems, including the establishment of a family practitioner system and universal health insurance. Some interest groups describe this reform package as "privatisation" or as an attempt to "cut benefits", and strongly oppose the reform package. The aim of this study is to review the draft universal health insurance law and to propose recommendations in light of other countries' experiences. All systems need clear policy objectives, and mechanisms for achieving reforms. All systems are, to a greater or lesser extent, the product of the history and culture of a country. Thus it is possible to learn from the experience of other countries, but unwise to copy them exactly. This is important for countries undergoing the reform process including Turkey. PMID:17621768

Akbulut, Yasemin; Sarp, Nilgun; Ugurluoglu, Ece

2007-01-01

327

Clinical governance: striking a balance between checking and trusting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical governance emerged as one of the big ideas central to the latest round of health reforms. It places with health care managers, for the first time, a statutory duty for quality of care on an equal footing with the pre-existing duty of financial responsibility (Warden 1998). Clinical governance tries to encourage an appropriate emphasis on the quality of clinical

Huw Talfryn Oakley Davies; Russell Mannion

1999-01-01

328

New Challenges in the Governance of Catalan Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a study of the principal issues involved in the governance of public universities in Catalonia. It was based on four stylised dilemmas that were drawn up to facilitate an understanding of the challenges facing university governance reforms. This paper discusses each of these dilemmas in the Catalan context and…

Castro, Diego; Ion, Georgeta

2011-01-01

329

Markets and Self-Governing Schools: The English Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1988, as part of the Education Reform Act, the United Kingdom government allowed schools to opt out of local education authorities (LEA) and become grant-maintained (GM) schools, funded directly by the government. It was contended that the program would diversify education, free schools from local bureaucracies, and, consequently, make schools…

Power, Sally; And Others

330

Reform of the New Zealand healthcare system.  

PubMed

New Zealand's healthcare reform has come in two waves. In 1983, Area Health Boards assumed responsibility for purchasing and providing all secondary healthcare; but a parallel, centralized system of primary healthcare benefits persisted, frustrating attempts to integrate services. In 1991, a new government reorganized public hospitals into "Crown health enterprises," and planned to introduce user fees, competition with the private sector and a list of core benefits. Over the following few years, some of these attempts progressed slowly or were abandoned altogether. They are also attempts to shift risk and expenditure, rather than design a more fair and efficient healthcare system. PMID:10163981

Scott, C

1996-01-01

331

Dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks  

SciTech Connect

Developments in catalyst technology for the dry reforming of hydrocarbon feedstocks are reviewed for methane, higher hydrocarbons and alcohols. Thermodynamics, mechanisms and the kinetics of dry reforming are also reviewed. The literature on Ni catalysts, bi-metallic Ni catalysts and the role of promoters on Ni catalysts is critically evaluated. The use of noble and transitional metal catalysts for dry reforming is discussed. The application of solid oxide and metal carbide catalysts to dry reforming is also evaluated. Finally, various mechanisms for catalyst deactivation are assessed. This review also examines the various process related issues associated with dry reforming such as its application and heat optimization. Novel approaches such as supercritical dry reforming and microwave assisted dry reforming are briefly expanded upon.

Shah, Yatish T. [Norfolk State University; Gardner, Todd H. [U.S. DOE

2014-01-01

332

Nuclear Regulatory Commission inspection program and the Oyster Creek, N. J. , nuclear facility. Hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, Second Session  

SciTech Connect

A congressional hearing was held May 28, 1980 by the Environment, Energy and Natural Resources Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations to discuss the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Inspection Program and the Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant. This discussion included an explanation of the responsibilities now facing the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, particularly the insurance that the 68 operating nuclear power reactors are operated safely and completely by licensees with sound management practices. In addition, an explanation was given of the emergency shutdown of Oyster Creek-1 Reactor.

Not Available

1980-01-01

333

Leverage of change : social housing in Tijuana, México  

E-print Network

As a town that has heavy migration, Tijuana is in constant need of social housing for its lower income families. The demands of the population have created an overload on the government, and some third parties have begun ...

García Torres, Isidro

2005-01-01

334

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS Local Governments; Contents of Consolidated Plan § 91.210 Housing market...of family served) of units currently assisted by local, state, or federally funded programs, and...

2010-04-01

335

Designing adaptable housing : the specific case of INFONAVIT  

E-print Network

The traditional way of designing housing of the Mexican government agencies, obliges the population they serve (mostly working class people), to live in rigid dwellings that have little or no flexibility to be adapted to ...

Martin, Andrea M

1981-01-01

336

Emerging Strategies for Healthy Urban Governance  

PubMed Central

Urban health promotion is not simply a matter of the right interventions, or even the necessary resources. Urban (and indeed global) health depends to an important extent on governance, the institutions and processes through which societies manage the course of events. This paper describes the concept of governance, distinguishing between reforms aimed at improving how government works and innovations that more fundamentally reinvent governance by developing new institutions and processes of local stakeholder control. The paper highlights strategies urban governors can use to maximize their influence on the national and international decisions that structure urban life. It concludes with some observations on the limitations of local governance strategies and the importance of establishing a “virtuous circuit” of governance through which urban dwellers play a greater role in the formation and implementation of policy at the national and global levels. PMID:17464568

Hancock, Trevor; Lin, Vivian; Herzog, Andre

2007-01-01

337

Abortion law in Nepal: the road to reform.  

PubMed

In 2002 Nepal's parliament passed a liberal abortion law, after nearly three decades of reform efforts. This paper reviews the history of the movement for reform and the combination of factors that contributed to its success. These include sustained advocacy for reform; the dissemination of knowledge, information and evidence; adoption of the reform agenda by the public sector and its leadership in involving other stakeholders; the existence of work for safe motherhood as the context in which the initiative could gain support; an active women's rights movement and support from international and multilateral organisations; sustained involvement of local NGOs, civil society and professional organisations; the involvement of journalists and the media; the absence of significant opposition; courageous government officials and an enabling democratic political system. The overriding rationale for reforming the abortion law in Nepal has been to ensure safe motherhood and women's rights. The first government abortion services officially began in March 2004 at the Maternity Hospital in Kathmandu; services will be expanded gradually to other public and private hospitals and private clinics in the coming years. PMID:15938161

Thapa, Shyam

2004-11-01

338

Government Regulatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Government regulation of food products, food processing, and food preparation is imperative in bringing an unadulterated, nonmisleading, and safe food product to market and is relevant to all areas of food science, including engineering, processing, chemistry, and microbiology. The liability associated with providing consumers with an adulterated or substandard product cannot only tarnish a company's name and reputation, but also impose substantial financial repercussions on the company and those individuals who play an active role in the violation. In order for a company to fully comply with the relevant food laws (both federal and state), an intimate knowledge of food science is required. Individuals knowledgeable in food science play an integral role not only in implementing and counseling food companies/processors to ensure compliance with government regulations, but these individuals are also necessary to the state and federal governments that make and enforce the relevant laws and regulators.

Becker, Katie

339

White House Scientific Integrity Efforts Advance Despite Delay in Recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A delay in the White House's release of recommendations on guaranteeing scientific integrity in the executive branch has led to a recent lawsuit and has raised some concerns about the implementation of a 2009 White House memorandum on the topic, even as some steps are being taken by the government to move forward with aspects of that memorandum. The memorandum

Randy Showstack

2010-01-01

340

Commissioning Trial for Mechanical Ventilation System Installed in Houses  

E-print Network

COMMISSIONING TRIAL FOR MECHANICAL VENTILATION SYSTEM INSTALLED IN HOUSES Isamu Ohta* Akira Fukushima** * Misawa Homes Co., Ltd., 2-4-5 Takaido-Higashi Suginami-ku Tokyo Japan 168-8533 ** Hokkaido Government, 6 Nishi 3Jyou Kita Chuuo...COMMISSIONING TRIAL FOR MECHANICAL VENTILATION SYSTEM INSTALLED IN HOUSES Isamu Ohta* Akira Fukushima** * Misawa Homes Co., Ltd., 2-4-5 Takaido-Higashi Suginami-ku Tokyo Japan 168-8533 ** Hokkaido Government, 6 Nishi 3Jyou Kita Chuuo...

Ohta, I.; Fukushima, A.

2004-01-01

341

77 FR 21880 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Multifamily Accelerated Processing-Enhancing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Unemployment compensation, Wages. For the reasons stated in...in this subpart: Government subsidy means one or more of the following...form of affordable housing subsidy, as identified by HUD. In...programs without government subsidies; (2) Tier 2:...

2012-04-12

342

Harold Varmus Attends White House Signing  

Cancer.gov

Harold Varmus (center, in blue shirt) joined Cabinet members, members of Congress, and other stem cell research advocates to witness President Barack Obama signing an Executive Order lifting the government's ban on federal funding for stem cell research at a White House ceremony on March 9.

343

House Votes Federal R&D Spending  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent actions by the House of Representatives concerning the funding of federal research and development agencies are detailed. While most government agencies will receive more money next year, NSF, ERDA, NASA, and the EPA will receive less money than the administration had requested. (BT)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1977

1977-01-01

344

Methanol partial oxidation reformer  

DOEpatents

A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

1999-08-17

345

Housing conditions of low?income families in the private, unassisted housing market in the United states  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing conditions of low?income Americans, particularly those in or near poverty, have been documented in several government and private reports, as well as academic articles. These studies have either ignored or given scant attention to the differences in housing conditions between those families who receive various forms of public assistance and those who do not. Although most welfare programmes

C. Theodore Koebel

1997-01-01

346

Is Welfare Reform Succeeding?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Welfare Reform and the Earned Income Tax Credit have apparently caused a dramatic increase in the labor force participation rates of single parents. Between the first quarters of 1994 and 1998, labor force participation rates rose 25.4 percent for never-married women caring for children, rose 15.5 percent for mothers separated from their spouse and rose 4.9 percent for divorced single

John H. Bishop

1998-01-01

347

Agricultural Development Bank Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural development banks (AgDBs), which are not viable, should either be closed, or transformed into self-reliant, sustainable financial intermediaries. Experience shows that reform is possible. Among the prominent cases are Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI) and Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC, Thailand) as well as ADB\\/Nepal, which has been transforming its small farmer credit program into financially self-reliant local

Hans Dieter Seibel

2001-01-01

348

Health care reforms in Poland.  

PubMed

This paper examines the shape of the recently reformed health care system in Poland. Until December 31,1998 everyone had access to free health care and the medical institutions were financed by the State. Since January 1, 1999, under the provisions of the Universal Health Insurance Act, hospitals became independent from the State budget and gained more financial resources for their activities. 17 regional health insurance funds contract for medical services with hospitals and individual practices. Most services provided to the insured are paid by the funds that receive premiums, but some are still financed from the State budget. The revised legislation on Medical Care Establishments intended to create a better management of health care institutions and administrative control over the quality of care. The system has been severely criticised: it is too bureaucratic, there are too many insurance funds, patients have experienced problems with access to health care, particularly to special treatment or to treatment available outside the area of the health insurance fund to which the patient belongs. The new Minister for Health suggested that the 17 funds should be replaced by 5 "health funds" that would finance health care and be closely connected to the local government answerable for their activities. This paper will deal with the scope of health care packages, the conditions of provision of health services, obligations of health care providers, patient rights, and the quality of health care. PMID:15685913

Baginska, Ewa

2004-01-01

349

Judging Teachers: Foucault, Governance and Agency during Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over a decade after publication of "Thinking Again: Education After Postmodernism" (1998) contention still emerges among Foucaultians over whether discursively made-up things really exist, and whether removal of the constituent subject leaves room for agency within techniques of caring for the self. That these questions are kept alive shows that…

Stickney, Jeff A.

2012-01-01

350

3 CFR - Government Reform for Competitiveness and Innovation  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...future in the global economy will require reducing...past. We live and do business in the information...Members of Congress, business leaders, unions...competitiveness of American businesses, large and small...the changing global economy; (b) the...

2012-01-01

351

Nonprofit Housing Corporation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report consists of an explanation of the incorporation process as set up under Georgia Law, details concerning various Federal Housing Programs, an analysis of the existing nonprofit housing corporation in Georgia, and recommendations for establishing...

1972-01-01

352

100% petroleum house  

E-print Network

I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

2013-01-01

353

Housing Starts: May 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents statistics on new housing units started from 1964 to 1984. Statistics cover new privately owned housing units started in permit - issuing places, units authorized but not started in permit - issuing places, and manufacturers's shipmen...

1984-01-01

354

Houses undergoing psychoanalysis :  

E-print Network

The objective of this thesis is to explore the relationship between the self and the house. In approaching the subject, my assumptions were that the basic condition of the house-self relationship is of tension and animosity ...

Palmon, Ruth, 1970-

2002-01-01

355

Eco-House Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students in this course explore designs of a future Carleton College student house. This is a multi-year project where students from the social sciences, humanities / arts, and natural sciences explore parts of the design of an actual house.

Environmental Studies Course, Carleton College Professor Gary Wagenbach gwagenba@carleton.edu and Lecturer Richard Strong rstrong@acws.carleton.edu, Compiled by Suzanne Savanick, Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, ssavanic@carleton.edu

356

The Pew Financial Reform Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After the recent financial crisis, the Pew Trusts decided to establish the Pew Financial Reform Project. The goal of this Project is "to bring nonpartisan, balanced, fact-based analysis directly to policymakers." To achieve this goal, the Project established a task force on financial reform, created a policy briefing series, and developed this website. The materials on the site are divided into the sections "Task Force Reports", "Reform Resources", "Events", "About Us", and "Discussion Forum". The "Task Force Reports" area includes background notes, briefing papers, and task force recommendations. Here visitors can sign up for newsletters and read through works like "Quantifying the Effects on Lending of Increased Capital Requirements". The "Reform Resources" area brings together links to reform related news articles, congressional hearings, and selected outside papers and reports. Lastly, the "Events" area brings together a calendar of events related to financial reform.

357

Housing Affordability and Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the 1999-2005 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), this paper examines the effect of housing affordability on self-reportedhealth. Unaffordable housing costs can impose additional stress and anxiety on individuals, which in turn, may cause poorer health. Also, due to the budget constraint, higher housing costs imply that fewer resources could be spent toward better medical care,

Irina Grafova

2010-01-01

358

The Role of District Leadership in Radical Reform: Philadelphia's Experience under the State Takeover, 2001-2006. An Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is key in the success of any reform, especially one as ambitious and complex as that in Philadelphia. "The case of Philadelphia is noteworthy as an exemplar of the implementation of paradigm-breaking new reforms in the governance and delivery of urban education." This report follows the first five years of the state takeover and the…

Useem, Elizabeth; Christman, Jolley Bruce; Boyd, William Lowe

2006-01-01

359

A Study of the Impact of the First Phase of the Curriculum Reform on Student Learning in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To prepare Hong Kong students to face a rapidly changing twenty-first century, the Hong Kong Government implemented a major curriculum reform entitled Learning to Learn--The Way Forward in Curriculum Development. This reform has shaped the direction of Hong Kong's school education since 2001. The purpose of this paper is to examine the…

Yuen, Timothy W. W.; Cheung, Alan C. K.; Wong, Ping Man

2012-01-01

360

Producing Cosmos? The Explanatory Power of Social Drama for School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The winds of decentralizing reform that have been driving their way through various government education systems across the globe over the best part of two decades have generated a great deal of conflict. In the late 1990s those working in the Western Australian government high school in which I conducted the research reported here found…

Forsey, Martin

2006-01-01

361

The need for a new approach : analysis of the built environment of informal settlements and public housing policy in Egypt  

E-print Network

Rapid urbanization in Egypt has brought on excessive demand for urban housing . The government agencies' attempt to satisfy this demand by the conventional means of public housing since the early 1960's has a mounted only ...

Mourad, Moustafa Abdel Khalek

1983-01-01

362

C.A.S.H. - communal affordable singles housing : a platform for proactive affordability in Hong Kong  

E-print Network

In Hong Kong, young singles are left out of the affordable housing equation. They require much more space per person in comparison to those living in family housing, and the government is not willing to allocate a ...

Wang, Yan-Ping, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01

363

Reinventing government  

SciTech Connect

Both Clinton and Vice President Al Gore are committed to reinventing the federal government. To do so they will need more than a little help from Congress. But, if they succeed in turning the report's recommendations into reality, substantial change will occur in the way the federal government interacts with the chemical community in areas such as environmental and safety and health regulation, science and technology policy, education, and research priority setting. The report is the result of a six-month effort by the National Performance Review (NPR), a group led by Gore. It contains some 400 specific recommendations for changing the ways the federal government operates. These recommendations, if enacted the report claims, would produced savings of $108 billion over five years and reduce the size of the civilian, nonpostal work force by 12%, 252 positions, over the same period. The Department of Energy is the target of eight NPR recommendations. But the one with the most direct relevance to R and D calls for directing its national laboratories to pursue post-Cold War research priorities. Efforts to shift the labs away from their defense orientation began during the Carter presidency, when all of the labs began establishing stronger research programs in environmental science and technology and biology.

Hanson, D.J.; Lepkowski, W.; Long, J.R.; Zurer, P.S.

1993-10-11

364

[Health reform in the USA].  

PubMed

The United States of America passed early this year the bill enforcing their health reform. this reform aims at achieving universal insurance, cost containment and improving quality of care. The debate around this reform has been long and unable to arrive to an agreement between the parts. Even if the expansion in the medical coverage system does not reduce to zero the current degree of inaccessibility to the health system, these achievements could be considered a very important first step. Nonetheless, chances are that this reform will continue being as polemic as the negotiations previous to its conception. PMID:20679063

Ganduglia, Cecilia

2010-01-01

365

[Struensee--physician and missjudged social reformer].  

PubMed

Johann Friedrich Struensee was born in 1737 in the German town of Halle where he graduated as doctor of Medicine at the age of 19. In 1757 he was appointed to be town physician in the big Danish town Altona, close to Hamburg. There he had a large medical practice among the poor, but he also succeeded in curing some important persons, which influenced his further career. During his eleven years in Altona he made many friends among the liberal circles and evolved an extensive writing of medical and social publications, where he called for reforms of housing, of hygiene, of fresh air and a sounder living. He organised a delivery clinic for single mothers and took care of the orphans. His opinions met with furious opposition from older doctors, whom he attacked for their greed and ignorance. In 1768 he was appointed to be the danish king Christian VII's physician during the kings visit to England. King Christian was mentally disturbed with fits of violence and confusion, but Struensee succeeded in gaining his confidence and after return to Denmark he was soon to be the absolute ruler of the country during three years. He started an intensive reform period with total freedom of the press, abolished peasant slavery and the death penalty, got rid of nepotism in the civil service, where only real competence should decide. He put an end to the great waste of money for luxury and superfluous staff in the court and in military units in order to improve the heavily indebted Danish economy. His reforms affronted many important persons and he never succeeded in gaining the confidence of the ordinary people, whose benefit he struggled for. By a sudden revolt Struensee's adversaries arrested him and forced the week and frightened king to sign the doctor's death sentence which was carried out April 28 1772 in spite of his noble document of defence. PMID:11624970

Nordlander, N B

1996-01-01

366

Keeping to the Private Market: The Evolution of Canadian Housing Policy: 1900-1949  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation traces the evolution of Canadian housing policy from 1935 to 1949 and examines the origins of the housing problems which promoted government programs. Housing problems, defined as a gap between affordability and an acceptable minimal standard of shelter, reached major proportions in rapidly expanding Canadian urban cities from 1900-1913. Exacerbation of these disparities by World War One, contributed

John C. Bacher

1985-01-01

367

KEEPING TO THE PRIVATE MARKET: THE EVOLUTION OF CANADIAN HOUSING POLICY: 1900-1949  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation traces the evolution of Canadian housing policy from 1935 to 1949 and examines the origins of the housing problems which promoted government programs. Housing problems, defined as a gap between affordability and an acceptable minimal standard of shelter, reached major proportions in rapidly expanding Canadian urban cities from 1900-1913. Exacerbation of these disparities by World War One, contributed

JOHN CHRISTOPHER BACHER

1985-01-01

368

Housing and building materials in low-income settlements in Dar es Salaam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) is one of the fastest growing cities in sub-Saharan Africa. As in other sub-Saharan cities, government housing programmes have reached only a tiny percentage of urban residents. The vast majority either build for themselves or live as tenants in swahili houses provided by others. This paper examines the process of house building in Dar es Salaam

Jill Wells; Sinda H Sinda; Fatiha Haddar

1998-01-01

369

Housing Affordability and Planning in Australia: The Challenge of Policy Under Neoliberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing affordability has once again appeared on the policy agenda of Australian governments. House prices have risen in response to booming demand and constraints on the supply of dwellings, especially a shortage of land in the capital cities and skill shortages within the housing industry. Many young and low-income households have experienced great difficulty in gaining access to homeownership and

Andrew Beer; Bridget Kearins; Hans Pieters

2007-01-01

370

The Relationship Between Neighborhood Criminal Behavior and Oxford Houses.  

PubMed

The present study investigated crime rates in areas surrounding 42 Oxford Houses and 42 control houses in a large city in the Northwestern United States. A city-run Global Information Systems' (GIS) website was used to gather crime data including assault, arson, burglary, larceny, robbery, sexual assault, homicide, and vehicle theft over a calendar year. Findings indicated that there were no significant differences between the crime rates around Oxford Houses and the control houses. These results suggest that well-managed and governed recovery homes pose minimal risks to neighbors in terms of criminal behavior. PMID:23487588

Deaner, Jeffrey; Jason, Leonard A; Aase, Darrin M; Mueller, David G

2009-01-01

371

Reforming Reforms: Changing Incentives in Education Finance in Vermont  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Vermont passed Act 60, which reformed its education finance system to achieve greater equality of spending. The reform encouraged wealthy towns to reduce spending; it was politically unpopular and was replaced, in 2004, by Act 68. We analyze the spending incentives created by the two acts and estimate the effects the change will have on…

Schmidt, Stephen J.; Scott, Karen

2006-01-01

372

Reforming Welfare in America. Book Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews three books on welfare reform: "The Poverty of Welfare Reform" (Joel F. Handler); "The Politics of Welfare Reform" (Donald F. Norris, Lyke Thompson, editors); and "Living on the Edge: The Realities of Welfare in America" (Mark Robert Rank). (JOW)

Jennings, Edward T., Jr.

1996-01-01

373

What Does Health Care Reform Mean to Children with Special Needs and Their Families?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, thousands of families across the U.S. breathed a sigh of relief at the White House's reassurance: "Reform will eliminate health insurance discrimination against people with disabilities." However, the actual language of the law and the proposed implementation timeline of the…

Minoux, Ankeny

2010-01-01

374

Novel Reforming Catalysts  

SciTech Connect

Aqueous phase reforming is useful for processing oxygenated hydrocarbons to hydrogen and other more useful products. Current processing is hampered by the fact that oxide based catalysts are not stable under high temperature hydrothermal conditions. Silica in the form of structured MCM-41 is thermally a more stable support for Co and Ni than conventional high surface area amorphous silica but hydrothermal stability is not demonstrated. Carbon nanotube supports, in contrast, are highly stable under hydrothermal reaction conditions. In this project we show that carbon nanotubes are stable high activity/selectivity supports for the conversion of ethylene glycol to hydrogen.

Pfefferle, Lisa D; Haller, Gary L

2012-10-16

375

Fuel Reformer Nozzle Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fellowship work this summer will be in support of the development of a fuel mixer for a liquid fuel reformer that is upstream of a fuel cell. Tasks for the summer shall consist of design of a fuel mixer, setup of the laser diagnostics for determining the degree of fuel mixing, and testing of the fuel mixer. The fuel mixer shall be a venturi section with fuel injected at or near the throat, and an air swirler upstream of the venturi. Data to determine the performance of the mixer shall be taken using a Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer (PDPA).

Lai, Ming-Chia D.

2003-01-01

376

Changing Framework of Local Governance and Community Participation in Elementary Education in India. Research Monograph No. 35  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, strengthening and better functioning of local governance have become prime concerns of educational reform agenda. Establishment of effective local governance has been part of overall changes in educational governance for several years in many countries including India. It is now widely recognized that effective local governance

Govinda, R; Bandyopadhyay, Madhumita

2010-01-01

377

3 CFR - Addressing Tax Delinquency by Government Contractors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of the Federal acquisition process. Yet reports by the Government Accountability...direct a review of certifications of non-delinquency in taxes that companies...Federal Register .BARACK OBAMATHE WHITE HOUSE, Washington, January...

2011-01-01

378

Early Childhood Education: Improvement through Integration. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (April 21, 2005) Serial No. 109-9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearing transcripts present testimony on removing barriers that may impede the successful integration of Head Start with other programs that serve to prepare disadvantaged children for success. It begins with the prepared statements of Honorable Michael N. Castle, Chairman, Subcommittee on Education Reform, Committee on Education and the…

US House of Representatives, 2005

2005-01-01

379

Child Care Quality: States' Difficulties Enforcing Standards Confront Welfare Reform Plans. Statement of Joseph F. Delfico, Director, Income Security Issues, Health, Education, and Human Services. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Regulation, Business Opportunities, and Technology, Committee on Small Business, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statement: (1) discusses the growth in demand and supply of child care in the United States during the last 20 years; (2) defines quality child care and its importance; (3) examines what states do to protect children in care and why this has become increasingly difficult; and (4) notes further complications for states under proposed reforms

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

380

Nothing But Praise: Thoughts on the Ties Between Higher Education and the Federal Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Study Commission on Undergraduate Education and the Education of Teachers is charged by the U. S. Office of Education to concern itself with the reforming of undergraduate education as it relates to the education of teachers. Part of the process of reform is likely to involve the federal government's granting of money to institutions of higher…

Pino, Lewis N.; Boulding, Kenneth

381

Reform at the Grass Roots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey forms were sent to 6,000 school board members who subscribe to "The American School Board Journal" in an attempt to discover what reform efforts are being utilized and which ones are working best in schools. A total of 1,347 readers (22.5%) responded. Curricular and instructional reforms were cited by 91% of the respondents, and 70% said…

Gaul, Thomas H.; And Others

1994-01-01

382

Rochester's Reforms: The Right Prescription?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Rochester, New York, is a pioneer in teacher reform, change has been painfully slow. Pockets of success are not reflected in district statistics. The 1987 reforms directed at teachers were not far-reaching enough to ensure improved test scores, given continuing problems of large class sizes, crowded schools, students' increasing poverty,…

Murray, Christine E.; Grant, Gerald; Swaminathan, Raji

1997-01-01

383

International Handbook of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of education reform in 27 countries. Following the introduction by Peter W. Cookson, Jr., Alan R. Sadovnik, and Susan F. Semel, part 1 offers national case studies of educational reform in the 1980s. Chapters include: (2) "Argentina" (Ana Munoz-Sandoval); (3) "Australia" (Richard Teese); (4) "Brazil" (Robert Cowen…

Cookson, Peter W., Jr., Ed.; And Others

384

Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

Neophytou, Lefkios

2013-01-01

385

Local Tax Reform in Pennsylvania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews local tax reform and describes an approach to simulating the effects of proposed tax reform on local school districts in Pennsylvania. The microcomputer spreadsheet simulation led to the development of a model able to meet the feasibility criteria established for such a simulation model. The model was designed to input…

Hartman, William T.

386

Accounting and Chilean pension reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to shed light on accounting's role in bringing about a pension reform project in Chile under the authoritarian regime of Augusto Pinochet. The paper aims to reveal the specific role that the pension reform played in the regime's broader ideological goals, thus highlighting the need to reflect upon its origins when considering

Darlene Himick

2009-01-01

387

Systemic Reform: Challenges and Changes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the challenges faced by one state's efforts at systemic reform. Evidence of changes in teaching practice and in student learning and the meanings that may be drawn from that evidence is detailed. Discusses five aspects of systemic reform that needed to be addressed and aligned, and the lessons learned in attempting to meet the…

Kahle, Jane Butler

1997-01-01

388

Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 chapters in this five-part book, each by different authors, trace the effects of welfare reform (mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996), upon poor people in rural areas of the United States. The book begins with an introduction called "As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural…

Weber, Bruce A., Ed.; Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Whitener, Leslie A., Ed.

389

Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

2012-01-01

390

George's Complaint: Reforming the Dragon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evangelical tone and history of American culture has long been identified as a force for anti-intellectualism. The metaphors of educational reform are a demonstration of how this plays out. The very nature of the positivist social science research used to support proposed reform is anti-intellectual and feeds a debate that favors extremes over…

Buxton, Bruce

2007-01-01

391

[Psychiatric reform, federalism, and the decentralization of the public health in Brazil].  

PubMed

This study examines the relationships between Brazilian psychiatric reform, the adoption of the Centers for Psychosocial Care (CAPS) and the development of the Unified Health System (SUS). The adherence of municipal governments was a variable determinant for the spread of reform, especially due to the continental scale and fragmentation of the Brazilian federation. The article demonstrates the institutional stability of psychiatric reform in Brazil over two decades. The institutional nature of the decision-making process in the public arena has permitted the implementation of new organizational formats through imitation and financial incentives. The psychiatric reform was successful in defending the advantages of CAPS in relation to the asylum and hospital model dominant in past decades. The inductive policies, strengthened and upheld by Law 10.216/2001, transformed the agenda of psychiatric reform, limited to pioneering cities in a national public policy. PMID:22124901

Costa, Nilson do Rosário; Siqueira, Sandra Venâncio; Uhr, Deborah; Silva, Paulo Fagundes da; Molinaro, Alex Alexandre

2011-12-01

392

Social tradition, governance culture, and governance structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance pattern results from the conformity of its institutional succession to social customs. The effectiveness of a corporate governance pattern depends on the conformity and compatibility of its formal governance contract to the informal institution or governance culture and social customs. For this reason, this paper analyses social cultural factors influencing Anglo-American and German-Janpanese corporate governance patterns and structures

Li Xiuqin

2011-01-01

393

Radon entry control in new house construction.  

PubMed

People exposed to high concentration levels of radon face an increased risk of developing lung cancer. The risk is directly proportional to the length and level of radon exposure. Because of health reasons, it is safer to build new houses with radon mitigation systems installed in slab-on-grade houses. However, the interrelationships between parameters and factors governing radon entry and control are highly complex. A study performed by the University of Florida has examined the effectiveness of different radon entry control approaches. The analysis was based on 47 houses from three research projects conducted by the University of Florida (14 houses), Florida Solar Energy Center (13 houses), and GEOMET Technologies (20 houses). The evaluation of the performance and effectiveness of improved floor slabs, space conditioning, and ventilating systems were analyzed. Statistical analyses of the interrelationship between various parameters were also performed. Study findings such as the important factors in reducing radon entry and the effectiveness of passive construction approach and active subslab depressurization systems are presented in this paper. PMID:7790215

Najafi, F T; Lalwani, L; Li, W G

1995-07-01

394

WHITE FARMERS' DEALINGS WITH LAND REFORM IN SOUTH AFRICA: EVIDENCE FROM NORTHERN LIMPOPO PROVINCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Completing restitution, a key element of South Africa's land reform programme, entails government acquisition of white-owned farms. Some white farmers are willing to sell and consequently the government has paid them full market-related compensation. Others, however, refuse to sell, a right they have under the terms of the willing-seller, willing-buyer principle to which the government has committed itself. Why white

ALISTAIR FRASER

2008-01-01

395

National mental health reform: less talk, more action.  

PubMed

The Council of Australian Governments revitalised national mental health reform in 2006. Unfortunately, evidence-based models of collaborative care have not yet been supported. Previous attempts at national reform have lacked a strategic vision. We continue to rely on arrangements that are fragmented between different levels of government, poorly resourced community services, and an embattled public hospital sector. Our persisting unwillingness to record or publicly report key measures of health, social or economic outcomes undermines community confidence in the mental health system. Six priority areas for urgent national action are proposed and linked to key measures of improved health system performance. In Australia, we recognise special groups (such as war veterans) and organise and fund services to meet their specific health needs. Such systems could be readily adapted to meet the needs of people with psychosis. PMID:19220184

Rosenberg, Sebastian; Hickie, Ian B; Mendoza, John

2009-02-16

396

The politics of local hospital reform: a case study of hospital reorganization following the 2002 Norwegian hospital reform  

PubMed Central

Background The Norwegian hospital reform of 2002 was an attempt to make restructuring of hospitals easier by removing politicians from the decision-making processes. To facilitate changes seen as necessary but politically difficult, the central state took over ownership of the hospitals and stripped the county politicians of what had been their main responsibility for decades. This meant that decisions regarding hospital structure and organization were now being taken by professional administrators and not by politically elected representatives. The question raised here is whether this has had any effect on the speed of restructuring of the hospital sector. Method The empirical part is a case study of the restructuring process in Innlandet Hospital Trust (IHT), which was one of the largest enterprise established after the hospital reform and where the vision for restructuring was clearly set. Different sources of qualitative data are used in the analysis. These include interviews with key actors, observational data and document studies. Results The analysis demonstrates how the new professional leaders at first acted in accordance with the intentions of the hospital reform, but soon chose to avoid the more ambitious plans for restructuring the hospital structure and in fact reintroduced local politics into the decision-making process. The analysis further illustrates how local networks and engagement of political representatives from all levels of government complicated the decision-making process surrounding local structural reforms. Local political representatives teamed up with other actors and created powerful networks. At the same time, national politicians had incentives to involve themselves in the processes as supporters of the status quo. Conclusion Because of the incentives that faced political actors and the controversial nature of major hospital reforms, the removal of local politicians and the centralization of ownership did not necessarily facilitate reforms in the hospital structure. Keeping politics at an arm's length may simply be unrealistic and further complicate the politics of local hospital reforms. PMID:19930553

2009-01-01

397

PATH: A Public-Private Partnership for Advancing Housing Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It is no secret that residential housing construction is one of the most important sectors of the US economy. With this in mind, the federal government, in cooperation with the private housing sector and related industries, established PATH in 1998 in order to "accelerate the development and use of technologies that radically improve the quality, durability, energy efficiency, environmental performance, and affordability of America's housing." To achieve this mission, PATH makes a concerted effort to disseminate information about new and existing housing technologies, and to studying mechanisms for sustained housing technology development. The PATH Web site contains information about demonstration housing projects and developments in different states, along with an online library organized around different themes, such as fire protection, quality, affordability, disaster risk, and energy efficiency and environmental impact. Along with the papers and informational booklets available for perusal and download, the site also contains information organized for different users, such as builders, researchers, homeowners, and building officials.

398

Fuel cell generator with fuel electrodes that control on-cell fuel reformation  

DOEpatents

A fuel cell for a fuel cell generator including a housing including a gas flow path for receiving a fuel from a fuel source and directing the fuel across the fuel cell. The fuel cell includes an elongate member including opposing first and second ends and defining an interior cathode portion and an exterior anode portion. The interior cathode portion includes an electrode in contact with an oxidant flow path. The exterior anode portion includes an electrode in contact with the fuel in the gas flow path. The anode portion includes a catalyst material for effecting fuel reformation along the fuel cell between the opposing ends. A fuel reformation control layer is applied over the catalyst material for reducing a rate of fuel reformation on the fuel cell. The control layer effects a variable reformation rate along the length of the fuel cell.

Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Basel, Richard A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Zhang, Gong (Murrysville, PA)

2011-10-25

399

Progressive Welfare Reform? Ending General Assistance Cash Grants for Homeless People in San Francisco  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines Care-Not-Cash, a welfare reform measure that replaced cash General Assistance payments for homeless people in San Francisco with in-kind social services. Unlike most welfare reform measures, Care-Not-Cash was framed by proponents as a progressive policy, aimed at expanding social services and government care for poor people. Drawing on primary and secondary documents, as well as extensive interviews,

Darren Noy

2009-01-01

400

Fairbanks House Historical Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an inner ring suburb of Boston there sits a home that is over 350 years old. The home was constructed in 1640 in Dedham, and it is considered the oldest timber frame house identified in North America. Visitors to the Boston region area shouldn't miss it, however those who are unable to visit can learn more about this remarkable domicile on this website. Visitors will find plenty of interesting information in the sections titled "The House", "History", and "The Family". In "The House" section, visitors can learn about the houses' unusual history, and view a slideshow of images of the exterior and the interior. Moving over to "History", visitors will find period photographs and documents that provide insightful stories into the house's past inhabitants. Finally, the site also has a fine archaeological blog which talks about the various work that has been done on the house and the grounds.

401

NASA Tech House  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Technology Utilization House, called Tech House, was designed and constructed at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, to demonstrate new technology that is available or will be available in the next several years and how the application of aerospace technology could help advance the homebuilding industry. Solar energy use, energy and water conservation, safety, security, and cost were major considerations in adapting the aerospace technology to the construction of Tech House.

1977-01-01

402

House-Dust Allergy  

PubMed Central

House-dust allergy is a common cause of perennial allergic rhinitis and extrinsic asthma. Symptoms tend to be worse when the patient is in bed. A positive skin test properly performed and interpreted confirms the diagnosis. The house-dust mite is the most important antigenic component of house-dust. Treatment consists of environmental control directed at reducing the mite content of bedroom dust, plus control of symptoms with drugs. Immunotherapy is controversial. ImagesFig. 1 PMID:21286201

Johnson, C. A.

1982-01-01

403

Land reform, regional planning and socioeconomic development in Brazil  

E-print Network

the National Agrarian Reform Service Act in 1996, establishing public auctions for surplus land. Access to land was made preferential for indigenous groups and landless peasants. The Act counted on a taxation system over land use to provide local governments... Effect to rural economy Belarus ?Yes (formal land market) ?Regulation of land privatisation ?Low rates of rural economic growth Bolivia ?Mixed (public auctions of surplus land) ?Taxation system to support settlements ?Limited rural...

Souza, Saulo

2011-01-11

404

Reading Like a Historian: Progressive Social Reformers SAC  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students analyze primary sources and engage in a Structured Academic Controversy in an effort to answer the central historical question: What were the attitudes of Progressive social reformers toward immigrants? Students first read their textbookâs passage on the Social Gospel and Settlement Houses. The teacher reviews the material, emphasizing main points, and then streams a brief film clip (link included) about women in the Progressive era. Students then divide into groups of 4 and into pairs within each group. Each pair presents the argument to the other that social reformers were either (Pair A) generous and helpful or (Pair B) condescending and judgmental. Only at the end can students abandon their previous positions, reach consensus in writing as a group, and defend that view in a final class discussion: how did social attitudes then differ from those of today?

Group, Stanford H.

2012-10-22

405

Obesity and health system reform: private vs. public responsibility.  

PubMed

Obesity is a particularly vexing public health challenge, since it not only underlies much disease and health spending but also largely stems from repeated personal behavioral choices. The newly enacted comprehensive health reform law contains a number of provisions to address obesity. For example, insurance companies are required to provide coverage for preventive-health services, which include obesity screening and nutritional counseling. In addition, employers will soon be able to offer premium discounts to workers who participate in wellness programs that emphasize behavioral choices. These policies presume that government intervention to reduce obesity is necessary and justified. Some people, however, argue that individuals have a compelling interest to pursue their own health and happiness as they see fit, and therefore any government intervention in these areas is an unwarranted intrusion into privacy and one's freedom to eat, drink, and exercise as much or as little as one wants. This paper clarifies the overlapping individual, employer, and social interest in each person's health generally to avoid obesity and its myriad costs in particular. The paper also explores recent evidence on the impact of government interventions on obesity through case studies on food labeling and employer-based anti-obesity interventions. Our analysis suggests a positive role for government intervention to reduce and prevent obesity. At the same time, we discuss criteria that can be used to draw lines between government, employer, and individual responsibility for health, and to derive principles that should guide and limit government interventions on obesity as health reform's various elements (e.g., exchanges, insurance market reforms) are implemented in the coming years. PMID:21871035

Yang, Y Tony; Nichols, Len M

2011-01-01

406

Road to reform  

SciTech Connect

The power sector is actively exploring and pursuing the myriad opportunities that exist under the concessions and independent power plant laws recently enacted by the Brazilian legislature. While Brazil has not yet finalized the necessary implementing regulations, it has taken positive steps to reform its infrastructure, develop proactive fiscal policies and address the problem of inflation. The author goes on to discuss issues unique to the situation of Brazil as they relate to the ability of foreign companies to break into the business sector, in particular the power generation field. Many rules are in the process of change, but there still remains uncertainties which cloud the question as to the economic viability of investments in the power generation field.

South, D.

1997-04-01

407

Korea?s Engineering Education Reform Policy and the Direction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Korean government is setting up an ambitious policy for an engineering innovation program called “engineering education innovation program.” Its primary goal is to resolve quantitative and qualitative imbalance problems in industrial manpower of the country. It is also a policy that aims at progressively reforming engineering education in Korea in cooperation with the Ministries of Education (MOE) and Commerce, Industry and Energy (MOCIE) . The development of specialized centers for engineering education programs by engineering schools, in particular, can help the government provide suitable supports for enhancing industrial competitiveness.

Kim, Cheongsig

408

Prediction of reforming catalyst stability  

SciTech Connect

The authors demonstrate the feasibility of predicting reforming catalyst activity from the results of tests under mild conditions. The experiments were performed in pilot units with circulating hydrogen-rich gas. The authors determined the contents of aromatic and olefinic hydrocarbons in the reformate. The test time under mild conditions was 100-120 h. Typical results are presented of the timewise change in content of aromatic hydrocarbons and iodine number under mild and severe conditions. The difference between the contents of aromatic hydrocarbons in the reformates obtained 20 and 100 h from the start of tests under severe conditions were used as a measure of the catalyst stability.

Mozhaiko, V.N.; Klimenko, T.M.; Seleznev, V.D.

1987-01-01

409

Trotsky in Blue: Permanent Policing Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subject of this article is police reform in North America. The article is divided in two parts. The first part reviews the recent past with respect to reforming the police in Canada. I examine the case of the reform of the Montreal police, which tried to implement an approach modelled on COP-POP principles. The reform process lasted for some

Jean-Paul Brodeur

2005-01-01

410

Reform fatigue: symptoms, reasons, and implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following a period of ambitious promarket reforms, Latin American policymakers and the public at large have entered a period of “reform fatigue.” Initial enthusiasm for policies such as liberalized markets and a level field for investors has given way more recently to the view that ambitious promarket reforms are to blame for the region’s economic crises. The process of reform

Eduardo Lora; Ugo Panizza; Myriam Quispe-Agnoli

2004-01-01

411

Harvard University's Joint Center for Housing Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1959, the Joint Center for Housing Studies (JCHS) at Harvard is a collaborative unit affiliated with the Graduate School of Design and the Kennedy School of Government. The Center's central focus is to "analyze the dynamic relationships between housing markets and economic, demographic, and social trends, providing leaders in government, business, and the non-profit sector with the knowledge needed to develop effective policies and strategies." The site contains links to information about ongoing research projects, educational opportunities in the field, publications, and people affiliated with JCHS. The publication section is quite strong, as visitors can browse through a diverse set of publications (many of which are available at not cost) by thematic focus, including finance, community, development, and industry studies. One of the more compelling recent publications (most of which is available here) is the monograph titled Low-Income Homeownership: Examining the Unexamined Goal.

412

A reforming accountability: GPs and health reform in New Zealand.  

PubMed

Over the last ten years or so, many countries have undertaken public sector reforms. As a result of these changes, accounting has come to play a more important role. However, many of the studies have only discussed the reforms at a conceptual level and have failed to study how the reforms have been implemented and operated in practice. Based on the work of Lipsky (1980) and Gorz (1989), it can be argued that those affected by the reforms have a strong incentive to subvert the reforms. This prediction is explored via a case study of general practitioner (GP) response to the New Zealand health reforms. The creation of Independent Practice Associations (IPAs) allowed the State to impose contractual-accountability and to cap their budget exposure for subsidies. From the GP's perspective, the IPAs absorbed the changes initiated by the State, and managed the contracting, accounting and budgetary administration responsibilities that were created. This allowed individual GPs to continue practising as before and provided some collective protection against the threat of state intrusion into GP autonomy. The creation of IPAs also provided a new way to manage the professional/financial tension, the contradiction between the professional motivation noted by Gorz (1989) and the need to earn a living. PMID:10175302

Jacobs, K

1997-01-01

413

Thomas Aldrich House  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wm. Mckenzie Woodward describes it as an asymmetrical four bay Federal style house that was moved to Power Street from 39 Benevolent Street in 1950 to make room for the Wriston Quadrangle of Brown University. While it was built by Aldrich, a painter, the house was occupied by Sarah Helen Whitman as a literary salon, seance parlor and sanitarium for

Chet Smolski

1974-01-01

414

FIELD HOUSE KOSHLAND WAY  

E-print Network

TO FAMILY STUDENT HOUSING TO OAKES COLLEGE APT. BLDG 1 APT. BLDG 2 240 HOUSING SERVICES OAKES/EIGHT DINING TO PARKING & PORTER COLLEGE VOLLEYBALLCOURT BASKETBALL CO URT A-L B-L APARTMENT BLDG 6 APARTMENT BLDG 5 HALL N COLLEGE EIGHT 0 60 SCALE IN FEET S S T 911 Disabled parking space Disabled access path Disabled

California at Santa Cruz, University of

415

Housing in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

INDES provides training programmes for public officials in Latin America and the Caribbean .Its current courses currently emphasize strategies for poverty reduction and the provision of social services, particularly education and health. INDES is considering extending its programme to include discussion of a current orphan of social policy, housing and shelter. This poses three questions. First, why is housing deserving

Alan Gilbert

2001-01-01

416

Multiple pump housing  

DOEpatents

A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott; Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

2010-03-23

417

Control rod housing alignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a process for measuring the vertical alignment between a hole in a core plate and the top of a corresponding control rod drive housing within a boiling water reactor. It comprises: providing an alignment apparatus. The alignment apparatus including a lower end for fitting to the top of the control rod drive housing; an upper end for

R. C. Dixon; G. A. Deaver; J. R. Punches; G. E. Singleton; J. G. Erbes; H. P. Offer

1990-01-01

418

A Functional Housing Market  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school teacher Susan Boone asks students to complete mathematical problems on housing prices using the Internet at the Functional Housing Market lesson site. Detailed instructions are provided, and a collection of real estate links from Houston, TX and beyond gives students a sense of real estate information on the Web.

419

Julia C. Hester House.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report is made on the Hester House, a community center located in Area 3 of the Houston, Texas, Comprehensive Service Program area. It has been in existence for thirty years and is based on the old settlement house concept, including citizenship classes...

P. Parker

1972-01-01

420

Implications of the new political realities on healthcare reform.  

PubMed

With the recent change in power in the US House of Representatives that will take effect in January, questions arise regarding potential modifications to some features in the healthcare reform bill and its implementation. With many provisions scheduled to take effect between 2011 and 2014, the political implications of the elections have an immediate practical relevance to health plans, employers, and other healthcare stakeholders. American Health & Drug Benefits discussed some of these issues with Dan Mendelson, who served in the Clinton administration between 1997 and 2000, when there was a similar division of party power between Congress and the administration. PMID:25126329

2010-11-01

421

Health Reform in Brazil: Lessons to Consider  

PubMed Central

US analysts and decisionmakers interested in comparative health policy typically turn to European perspectives, but Brazil—notwithstanding its far smaller gross domestic product and lower per capita health expenditures and technological investments—offers an example with surprising relevance to the US health policy context. Not only is Brazil comparable to the United States in size, racial/ethnic and geographic diversity, federal system of government, and problems of social inequality. Within the health system the incremental nature of reforms, the large role of the private sector, the multitiered patchwork of coverage, and the historically large population excluded from health insurance coverage resonate with health policy challenges and developments in the United States. PMID:12511382

Elias, Paulo Eduardo M.; Cohn, Amelia

2003-01-01

422

Colonial House - PBS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Preview the newest installment in public television's hands-on history series, following Frontier House, Manor House, and 1900 House. Set in 1628, Colonial House will be broadcast in May. At the website, there are audio and video diaries in which the twenty-eight colonists from the UK and US give accounts of their experiences learning to live in 1628. Also provided is a map of the village and essays by the experts consulted for the show to insure historical authenticity. One such piece is _A Historian Awakens 1628_, by Emerson "Tad" Baker, a specialist on the early history of Maine, which is where Colonial House was filmed. There's also a Meet the Colonists gallery with photos and 21st and 17th century biographies of the settlers, lesson plans and activities for teachers, and a Resources section, with related Web sites and books.

423

Campus Housing Regulations & Guidelines Housing Services  

E-print Network

Guests 9 Harassment 9 Marijuana 10 Noise and Quiet Hours 10 Pets 11 Safety and Security 13 Smoking 13 to arrest by Police Services and prosecution within the legal system. Students are required to show proof of identification while in the Residential Community. Housing, University Conduct and legal action are separate

Ravikumar, B.

424

Government Organization: 1997 Census of Governments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As required by US law, a census of governments is undertaken every five years. As with the previous one, the 1997 census covers three major fields: government organization, public employment, and government finances. Recently released by the US Census Bureau, this is the first volume of the 1997 census. "The report contains the official counts of the number of state and local governments. It also includes tabulations of government by state, type of government, size, and county location." The report is available in .pdf format and consists of an introduction, a number of tables, and lengthy appendixes containing individual state descriptions, definitions, and county-type areas without county governments.

425

Misrecognition and science education reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and Passeron 1977) to open up new ways of thinking about science inquiry and school reform.

Brandt, Carol B.

2012-09-01

426

E-Government and Government's Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-Government is a new form of government organization and administrative mechanism of public affairs, where the government's public sectors realize digitalized and information-based government affairs by means of network communication and other electronic technology, administrate public affairs, and provide public services through network. It is citizen-oriented and regards the improvement of government's public services as the core value. The process

Zhang He

2011-01-01

427

Social change and transformations in housing.  

PubMed

This study aims to illustrate how residential morphology and home-use patterns reflect the transition from semi-nomadism to an urban lifestyle undergone by the Bedouin of the Negev (Israel). Thirty houses and 300 building plans were studied while planners, builders and residents were interviewed. Three types of buildings and home-use patterns were identified. Each type corresponds to a stage in the Bedouin adaptation to urban life in government resettlement towns. The state encourages resettlement by selling developed land at a low price and providing access to subsidies and mortgages, while refusing to develop property and not hesitating to demolish houses built on tribal sites. The houses built over the past 30 years are indicators of Bedouin lifestyle adaptation, as the Bedouin have been increasingly involved in their design. The empirical basis for this study is an analysis of the houses in Tel Sheva, the first of seven resettlement towns built for the Bedouin in the Negev. The houses considered were built between 1972 and 2002, with 1972 marking the beginning of the period in which the Build-your-own-home development scheme was applied to the Bedouin, a scheme in which plots of about 1,000m2 are allocated and owners are responsible for building on them. PMID:20726142

Dezuari, Edgard

2009-01-01

428

Affordable housing: Reducing the energy cost burden  

SciTech Connect

Residential energy expenditures are a key determinant of housing affordability, particularly for lower Income households. For years, federal, state and local governments and agencies have sought to defray energy expenses and Increase residential energy efficiency for low Income households through legislative and regulatory actions and programs. Nevertheless, household energy costs continue to place a major burden on lower Income families. This issue paper was written to help formulate national energy policy by providing the United States Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) with Information to help define the affordable housing issue; Identify major drivers, key factors, and primary stakeholders shaping the affordable housing issue; and review how responding to this Issue may impact EE`s goals and objectives and Influence the strategic direction of the office. Typically, housing affordability is an Issue associated with lower income households. This issue paper adopts this perspective, but it is important to note that reducing energy utility costs can make {open_quotes}better{close_quote} housing affordable to any household regardless of income. As energy efficiency is improved throughout all sectors of the economy, special consideration must be given to low income households. Of all households, low income households are burdened the most by residential energy costs; their residences often are the least energy-efficient and have the greatest potential for efficiency improvements, but the occupants have the fewest resources to dedicate to conservation measures. This paper begins with a definition of {open_quotes}affordability{close_quotes} as it pertains to total housing costs and summarizes several key statistics related to housing affordability and energy use by lower income households.

Lee, A.D.; Chin, R.I.; Marden, C.L.

1995-01-01

429

Why Do Policy Leaders Adopt Global Education Reforms? A Political Analysis of SBM Reform Adoption in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a political analysis of school-based management reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). School-based management (SBM), based on the principle of school autonomy and community participation, is a school governance system introduced in many parts of the world, including post-conflict nations. Such a phenomenon seems to follow the…

Komatsu, Taro

2013-01-01

430

Graduate Quantum Mechanics Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We address four main areas in which graduate quantum mechanics education can be improved: course content, textbook, teaching methods, and assessment tools. We report on a three year longitudinal study at the Colorado School of Mines using innovations in all these areas. In particular, we have modified the content of the course to reflect progress in the field of quantum mechanics over the last 50 years, used textbooks that include such content, incorporated a variety of teaching techniques based on physics education research, and used a variety of assessment tools to study the effectiveness of these reforms. We present a new assessment tool, the Graduate Quantum Mechanics Conceptual Survey, and further testing of a previously developed assessment tool, the Quantum Mechanics Conceptual Survey. We find that graduate students respond well to research-based techniques that have been tested mainly in introductory courses, and that they learn much of the new content introduced in each version of the course. We also find that students' ability to answer conceptual questions about graduate quantum mechanics is highly correlated with their ability to solve calculational problems on the same topics. In contrast, we find that students' understanding of basic undergraduate quantum mechanics concepts at the modern physics level is not improved by instruction at the graduate level.

Carr, Lincoln D.; Mckagan, Sam B.

2009-05-06

431

Housing And Mounting Structure  

DOEpatents

This invention relates to an optical transmitter, receiver or transceiver module, and more particularly, to an apparatus for connecting a first optical connector to a second optical connector. The apparatus comprises: (1) a housing having at least a first end and at least a second end, the first end of the housing capable of receiving the first optical connector, and the second end of the housing capable of receiving the second optical connector; (2) a longitudinal cavity extending from the first end of the housing to the second end of the housing; and (3) an electromagnetic shield comprising at least a portion of the housing. This invention also relates to an apparatus for housing a flexible printed circuit board, and this apparatus comprises: (1) a mounting structure having at least a first surface and a second surface; (2) alignment ridges along the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure, the alignment ridges functioning to align and secure a flexible printed circuit board that is wrapped around and attached to the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure; and (3) a series of heat sink ridges adapted to the mounting structure, the heat sink ridges functioning to dissipate heat that is generated from the flexible printed circuit board.

Anderson, Gene R. (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Johnny R.F. (Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM); Carson, Richard F. (Albuquerque, NM); Duckett, III, Edwin B. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick B. (Albuquerque, NM); Miller, Gregory V. (Kansas City, MO); Peterson, David W. (Sandia Park, NM); Smith, Terrance T. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-08

432

Obama Boosts Science Education During White House Student Fair  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the East Room of the White House flush with Nobel laureates and government officials, including freshly sworn-in U.S. National Science Foundation director Subra Suresh, President Barack Obama honored dozens of students who participated in a White House science fair on 18 October. The fair---many of whose participants have won other science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) competitions---is part of

Randy Showstack

2010-01-01

433

HOUSING AGENCIES IN SASKATOON The following agencies can assist students with affordable housing, cooperative housing, social housing,  

E-print Network

HOUSING AGENCIES IN SASKATOON The following agencies can assist students with affordable housing for seniors, families, and wheelchair disabled people of native ancestry. The SRI supports native families

Saskatchewan, University of

434

IP addressing: the next frontier of internet governance debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to broaden our understanding of internet governance policy options by reviewing and assessing proposals for reforming the institutional mechanisms used to allocate and assign IPv6 addresses. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper begins by identifying the two main economic and technical constraints on IP addressing: route aggregation and address conservation. It then reviews the

Milton L. Mueller

2006-01-01

435

‘Under the Wing of Mr. Cook’: Transformations in Tourism Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the transformation of pastoral governance within one organisation – the Thomas Cook Travel Agency, from an extemporaneous Temperance trip to a heavily organised structure to a system of tourist tickets where tourists could travel independently. Cook began the project of tourism to reform the subjectivity of the working classes and middle?class women by diverting them away from

Trent Newmeyer

2008-01-01

436

The Choice between Educational Privatization and Parental Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrasts the limitations of educational privatization with the possibilities for parental governance of public school districts and individual schools. Argues that parental input would more effectively implement reform than has educational professionalism alone. Cites agreement between Boston University and the city of Chelsea, Massachusetts, to…

Gliedman, John A.

1991-01-01

437

Chinese Government Documents on Teacher Education since the 1980S  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the 1980s, dozens of Chinese government documents on teacher education reform have been published. These documents have influenced the direction of teacher education change in China and will continue to do so in the years ahead. The first wave of documents focused on recovering the teacher education system. A second wave centered on building…

Zhou, Jun; Reed, Lynda

2005-01-01

438

Italian Education beyond Hierarchy: Governance, Evaluation and Headship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with the changes introduced in the Italian education system after the 1997 School Autonomy reform. Looking at the complex interplay between global influences and processes of local inflection, the work explores the degree to which we are witnessing a significant shift towards a new mode of governance and the interplay between…

Grimaldi, Emiliano; Serpieri, Roberto

2014-01-01

439

Steps Toward IndependenceEvaluating an Integrated Service Program for Public Housing Residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Family Development Center (FDC) is an important local welfare reform demonstration located at Lafayette Courts, one of Baltimore, Maryland's largest public housing developments. The FDC approach consists of bringing an array of services on-site and coordinating the delivery of these services to address the myriad of problems facing poor families. To determine if the program was beginning to meet

Anne B. Shlay; C. Scott Holupka

1992-01-01

440

6.RP Dana's House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: The lot that Dana is buying for her new one story house is 35 yards by 50 yards. Danaâs house plans show that her house will cover 1,600 square feet of...

441

The Mark Twain House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While the mention of Mark Twain may make one think of drifting along the Mississippi, the noted American author and curmudgeon wrote most of his famous works while living in this home in Hartford, Connecticut. Visitors to the site can take a virtual tour of the house, which is also notable for having one of the few remaining Tiffany-designed interiors. The site also has several activities for young people and a sample lesson plan designed for elementary school teachers. Additional sections provide information on relevant events at the house and membership information for those wishing to support the ongoing work done for and at the Mark Twain house.

2000-01-01

442

US Government Balances Budget  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News discusses the recent announcement that the US government has effectively balanced the budget for the first time in 30 years. The eleven resources discussed offer a variety of information on this topic. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) recently issued revised projections showing that the federal budget is effectively in the black and should remain that way in the coming decade. The 1998 deficit was once forecast as high as $120 billion, but the new report shows that it will be only $5 billion, a very small amount compared to the overall annual federal budget of $1.7 trillion. If the economy continues to grow at the same steady pace, lawmakers can expect the last vestiges of the deficit to disappear by 2001 and see surpluses as large as $138 billion by 2008. Despite warnings that the economy could slow down and concerns over spending money we do not yet have, lawmakers and the White House are already contemplating ways to spend this expected windfall. Both parties favor some sort of tax cut, with Republicans calling for a larger and more immediate cut than Democrats. The president and many Democrats have declared their support for smaller tax cuts along with expansion of Medicare, child care and other programs. Speaker Newt Gingrich also has called for more spending for defense, highways and scientific research in the event of a surplus.

De Nie, Michael W.

1998-01-01

443

Locating Chinese urban housing policy in an international context.  

PubMed

China’s economic development has often been contrasted with that of other transition economies in Europe, but academics have fought shy of making direct comparisons of urban housing reform in the two systems. This paper fills this gap by making such direct comparisons. Adopting the market - housing model advocated by the World Bank as an analytical framework it finds that extensive housing privatisation in China is supported by a system of urban housing property rights and a growing residential mortgage market. Although China has a distinctive institutional framework, there is also much variety among the European transition countries, and a distinctive Chinese model was not identified; so this micro-level analysis did not support the contention that China represents a form of "contested modernity." Nonetheless, a crucial point arises from China's hybrid status as a developing as well as a transition country. The bulk of the urban migrant population remains excluded from formal housing policy and enabling strategies that form an element of the market - housing model especially in developing countries are not so much replaced by a distinctive Chinese model as by a yawning gap. PMID:21114090

Stephens, Mark

2010-01-01

444

Fiscal Conservatism versus Local Paternalism: Divergent Experiences of Public Housing Decline in Rural Areas of England during the 1980s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the differential response of two rural districts of England (Fenland and Waveney) to changes in council house provisioning in the 1980s. It is situated in a decade when major policy shifts in social housing policy were occurring at the national level with local governments devising new social housing strategies in response.…

Long, Ian

2005-01-01

445

Fiscal conservatism versus local paternalism: divergent experiences of public housing decline in rural areas of England during the 1980s  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the differential response of two rural districts of England (Fenland and Waveney) to changes in council house provisioning in the 1980s. It is situated in a decade when major policy shifts in social housing policy were occurring at the national level with local governments devising new social housing strategies in response. Against a fast moving legislative background,

Ian Long

2005-01-01

446

Large scale spatial information systems in the built environment: An example applied to housing in the Third World  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficient handling of land information within the urban environment, a requirement for sustainable city life, can be achieved with the application of spatial information systems (SIS). The particular application discussed in this paper is directed towards the recording and analysis of tenant-created extensions to government built housing, activity which has, in effect, turned housing consumers into housing producers. The

D. J. Beaton; G. E. Taylor; D. J. Fairbairn; A. G. Tipple

1995-01-01

447

FIRE Project Notes Compilation. Indo-US Financial Institutions Reform and Expansion Project - Debt Market Component FIRE(D).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Indo-USAID Financial Institutions Reform and Expansion (FIRE-D) project, a joint initiative of the United States Agency for International Development and the Government of India, assists municipal and state governments in India to develop safe and sus...

2004-01-01

448

Health, Morality, and Housing: The "Tenement Problem" in Chicago  

PubMed Central

In this article, I trace the history of Chicago’s Health Department, exploring when and how housing conditions came to be considered a serious social problem requiring municipal regulation. Although journalists and labor leaders were among the first Chicagoans to link tenement housing to the spread of contagious disease, Health Department officials quickly began regulating the city’s housing stock under their own authority. I argue that in attempting to eliminate the dangers of contagious disease, a long-standing public health threat, health officials drew new attention to the dangers of multifamily dwellings and set a precedent for government regulation of living conditions in tenement dwellings. PMID:12948956

Garb, Margaret

2003-01-01

449

Indonesian heath care and the economic crisis: is managed care the needed reform?  

PubMed

The ramifications of the current economic crisis are being felt throughout Asia, but problems are particularly acute in Indonesia; in the midst of high inflation and unemployment the government is considering expanding managed care reform. In this paper, we discuss the impact of the recent economic crisis on the health sector in Indonesia, and analyze the potential for implementing effective reform following the managed care model. The health sector is discussed, highlighting pre-existing problems in the health care supply environment. The determinants of the economic crisis are summarized, and the broad impacts of the crisis to date on the health sector are assessed. Next the prospects for success of current managed-care reform proposals are examined in some detail: viability of expanded managed care reform measures are assessed in light of the continuing crisis and its likely impacts on the consumers and suppliers of health care. Analysis of the potential impact of the continuing crisis focuses on key participants in health care reform: households, the government, and private health care providers. In conclusion the potential viability of managed care appears poor, given the current economic, political, and institutional conditions and likely future impacts, and suggest some alternative reform measures. PMID:10351668

Hotchkiss, D R; Jacobalis, S

1999-03-01

450

t's 2016, and experts at a US govern-ment facility have detected a threat  

E-print Network

. A screen on the wall maps the world's largest finan- cial players -- banks, governments and hedge funds risks. And this morning they have triggered an alarm. Flashing orange alerts on the screen show US analysts were led astray by decades of data suggesting that housing values would never

Tesfatsion, Leigh

451

Hood River Passive House  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

Hales, D.

2013-03-01

452

Housing markets : Mexico  

E-print Network

What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

2009-01-01

453

Traditional Housing Designs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Use of timber for housing construction in developing countries, with special reference to traditional building design - covers (1) the critical shortage of adequate dwellings; problems of providing appropriate building materials; need for use of available...

1986-01-01

454

Gingerbread-House Geometry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a sixth-grade interdisciplinary geometry unit based on Charles Dickens's "A Christmas Carol". Focuses on finding area, volume, and perimeter, and working with estimation, decimals, and fractions in the context of making gingerbread houses. (ASK)

Emenaker, Charles E.

1999-01-01

455

Houses for Dorchester  

E-print Network

The intent of this thesis is to develop a design for thirty units of housing responding to the development objectives of the Nuestra Comunidad Development Corporation (NCDC) in the Upham Corner district of Dorchester. It ...

Chalmers, Thomas C. (Thomas Clark)

1987-01-01

456

Atrium House solar revitalization  

E-print Network

The idea behind the Atrium House Solar Revitalization project, may be briefly presented as: energy conserving, low rise, high density, related- to- the-sky residences. The proposed system consists of a reticulate grid - ...

Malamuceanu, Dan Roland

1984-01-01

457

Immigration reform, American style.  

PubMed

This article reviews the background of the proposed Immigration and Reform Act (also known as the Simpson-Mazzoli bill), which seeks to overhaul US immigration law for the first time since 1952. This bill is consistent with President Reagan's hard line on border enforcement and mandates stiff penalties for those who transport illegal aliens for commercial advantage or private profit. It further offers Mexico preferential treatment in immigration (40,000 additional visas/year). It includes an amnesty program to offer legal status to qualified illegal residents. The bill directs the President to develop a secure national worker identification system and would create a large-scale temporary foreign agricultural program for perishable commodities. Agricultural workers' families would not be eligible to accompany them unless they also obtain temporary visas. Foreign temporary workers, employable only in cases where local domestic workers are not available, must be provided with wages and working conditions equal to those prevailing among domestic workers. Stiff penalties are stipulated for employers who fail to abide with the terms of the program. In the author's opinion, this bill fails to appreciate the global character of international migration and its complexity. It relects a fundamental ambivalence about a strictly controlled main gate versus a back door approach to immigration as well as the conflicting images of the US as a nation of immigrants versus the historical reality of American nativism and xenophobia. Needed are comprehensive initiatives whose mutually reinforcing components can address the multiple dimensions of the immigration problem within a framework that does not ignore workers who have contributed to the economic well-being of the US, regardless of their legal status. PMID:12159575

Papademetriou, D G

1984-01-01

458

Private housing design customization through house type substitution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The private house building industry is increasingly under pressure to increase output and broaden the appeal of new?build housing to consumers. One possible method for meeting these objectives is through increased use of standardized components to facilitate house type customization. This research focuses on the role of planning and building regulations in permitting the house building industry to respond in

Chris Leishman; Fran Warren

2006-01-01

459

House types for high-density urban housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design proposals are given for 28 house types for low-rise, high-density urban structure and for 3 neighborhoods based upon these principles. Main features of the house are: (a) living spaces oriented south regardless of the orientation of access streets; (b) clustering of houses to maximize solar penetration and minimize overshadowing; (c) form of houses and their clustering designed to minimize

1982-01-01

460

2. Keeper's house, light tower and oil house, view north, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Keeper's house, light tower and oil house, view north, south and east sides of keeper's house, south side of tower and oil house - Owl's Head Light Station, Off State Highway 73 just east of Rockland on Owl's Head Bay, Owls Head, Knox County, ME

461

7. Keeper's house, fog signal house and light tower, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Keeper's house, fog signal house and light tower, view north northeast, west and south sides of keeper's house and tower, southwest and southeast sides of fog signal house - West Quoddy Head Light Station, At eastern tip of West Quaddy Head, Lubec, Washington County, ME

462

12. Fuel house and fog signal house, view northeast, southwest ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Fuel house and fog signal house, view northeast, southwest side of fuel house, west and south sides of fog signal house - Cape Elizabeth Light Station, Near Two Lights State Park at end of Two Lights Road, off State Highway 77, Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland County, ME

463

Clinical governance--watchword or buzzword?  

PubMed

In the latest reform of the National Health Service great emphasis has been placed on the achievement and maintenance of quality. Mechanisms for ensuring this are being set up under the general title of "clinical governance". What is the meaning of this term? The metaphor behind the phrase is of navigation through stormy seas, but who guides the helmsman? Clinical ethics committees could have a part to play in these changes, provided their role is properly understood. Clinical governance is concerned with management according to an agreed set of aims. The task of ethics committees is Socratic rather than managerial. They should ask fundamental questions about the ethical norms of the services provided and give critical appraisal of the moral character of institutional policies. If these tasks are carried out then governance may become a watchword rather than just another buzzword. PMID:11314615

Campbell, A V

2001-04-01

464

Housing and child health.  

PubMed

The connection between housing and health is well established. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the child's home, such as cleanliness, moisture, pests, noise, accessibility, injury risks, and other forms of housing environmental quality, all have the potential to influence multiple aspects of the health and development of children. Basic sanitation, reduced household crowding, other improvements in housing and expanded, and improved housing regulations have led to advances in children's health. For example, lead poisoning prevention policies have profoundly reduced childhood lead exposure in the United States. This and many other successes highlight the health benefits for families, particularly children, by targeting interventions that reduce or eliminate harmful exposures in the home. Additionally, parental mental health problems, food insecurity, domestic violence, and the presence of guns in children's homes all are largely experienced by children in their homes, which are not as yet considered part of the Healthy Homes agenda. There is a large movement and now a regulatory structure being put in place for healthy housing, which is becoming closely wedded with environmental health, public health, and the practice of pediatrics. The importance of homes in children's lives, history of healthy homes, asthma, and exposures to lead, carbon monoxide, secondhand/thirdhand smoke, radon, allergy triggers is discussed, as well as how changes in ambient temperature, increased humidity, poor ventilation, water quality, infectious diseases, housing structure, guns, electronic media, family structure, and domestic violence all affect children's health. PMID:23953987

Weitzman, Michael; Baten, Ahmareen; Rosenthal, David G; Hoshino, Risa; Tohn, Ellen; Jacobs, David E

2013-09-01

465

Mexico's "ley de narcomenudeo" drug policy reform and the international drug control regime.  

PubMed

It has been over half a century since the landmark Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs was adopted, for the first time unifying international drug policy under a single treaty aimed at limiting use, manufacture, trade, possession, and trafficking of opiates, cannabis, and other narcotics. Since then, other international drug policy measures have been adopted, largely emphasizing enforcement-based approaches to reducing drug supply and use. Recently, in response to concerns that the historic focus on criminalization and enforcement has had limited effectiveness, international drug policies have begun to undergo a paradigm shift as countries seek to enact their own reforms to partially depenalize or deregulate personal drug use and possession. This includes Mexico, which in 2009 enacted national drug policy reform partially decriminalizing possession of small quantities of narcotics for personal consumption while also requiring drug treatment for repeat offenders. As countries move forward with their own reform models, critical assessment of their legal compatibility and effectiveness is necessary. In this commentary we conduct a critical assessment of the compatibility of Mexico's reform policy to the international drug policy regime and describe its role in the current evolving drug policy environment. We argue that Mexico's reform is consistent with flexibilities allowed under international drug treaty instruments and related commentaries. We also advocate that drug policy reforms and future governance efforts should be based on empirical evidence, emphasize harm reduction practices, and integrate evidence-based evaluation and implementation of drug reform measures. PMID:25395346

Mackey, Tim K; Werb, Daniel; Beletsky, Leo; Rangel, Gudelia; Arredondo, Jaime; Strathdee, Steffanie A

2014-01-01

466

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the Guard House and Barracks, and South Fire House in relation to nearby roads, railroad tracks, and the piers). Navy Yard, Mare Island, California. P.W. Drawing No. C-1899, approved 1941; file no. 930-C-1. Scale one inch to forty feet. 72 cn x 97 cm. Ink on vellum - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

467

Idealism Realized: A Closer Examination of Leo Tolstoy’s Influence on Jane Addams’ Theory of Social Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Widely regarded as a champion for social reform, Jane Addams has deeply influenced the progression of American social policy since Chicago’s Hull House opened in 1889. Throughout her life, Addams struggled with how the privileged should interact with and aid those less fortunate. This struggle was fully realized as Addams compared her own response to that of Russian author and

Laurie Kenyon

2012-01-01

468

African Governance Report 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

The African Governance Report, which assesses and monitors the progress of governance in Africa, is the most comprehensive periodic report on governance on the continent. This second edition of the report covers 35 African countries. The main finding of the report is that Africa within the last five years recorded marginal progress on governance. The gains on political governance have

469

Housing in the Urban Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet focuses on housing, the most private human environment. The effects of housing on one's social and physical worlds, and in turn on one's attitudes toward the total environment, are examined. The activities in this booklet aim to develop an understanding of space within the housing environment, types of housing, and how one can change…

Berkowitz, Gisha, Ed.; Levy, Alan, Ed.

470

Engineering Smart Houses Boguslaw Pilich  

E-print Network

also known as Smart Houses in home environments. A large body of research into Smart Houses has beenEngineering Smart Houses Boguslaw Pilich LYNGBY 2004 MSc THESIS NR. 49/2004 IMM #12;Trykt af IMM and security, which are crucial for presenting different features of Smart Houses. Additionally it is assumed

471

Health Care Reform: Out Greatest Opportunity...Ever!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses inevitability of health care reform in United States, considers the reform process itself, and explains the plan of the President's Task Force on National Health Care Reform. Also considers the prospects for Congressional response to reform proposals. (NB)

Keigher, Sharon M.

1993-01-01

472

Social security reform in Latin America: policy challenges.  

PubMed

Over the last decade Latin American countries have served as the world's laboratory for pension systems based on individual retirement savings accounts. Some countries have adopted defined-contribution individual accounts as a replacement for state-run pension systems; other countries have embraced mixed systems of have made individual accounts optional and supplementary. This article outlines some of the most significant elements of recent Latin American pension reforms and examines some of the most serious policy challenges faced by governments implementing the new systems of individual accounts, including the need to reduce administrative costs, limit evasion, incorporate new categories of workers into the system, and improve competition in the pension fund industry. The authors conclude that there is no single Latin America model, and that reform itself has been and will continue to be an incremental process. PMID:12503326

Kay, Stephen J; Kritzer, Barbara E

2002-01-01

473

Community Participation in New Mexico's Behavioral Health Care Reform  

PubMed Central

In 2005, New Mexico implemented a unique reform in managed behavioral health services that seeks to ensure delivery of consumer-driven, recovery-oriented care to low-income individuals. Distinguishing features of the reform are the Local Collaboratives (LCs), regionally based community organizations designed by state government to represent behavioral health concerns of New Mexico's diverse cultural populations. We examine community response to the LCs, focusing on two broad sets of themes derived from 18 months of ethnographic fieldwork. The first set—structure and function—encompasses several issues: predominance of provider versus consumer voice; insufficient resources to support internal operations; imposition of state administrative demands; and perceived lack of state response to LC efforts. The second set—participation and collaboration—reveals how problems of information flow and other logistical factors impact involvement in LCs and how the construction of “community” introduced under this initiative exacerbates tensions across localities with varied histories and populations. PMID:19764315

Kano, Miria; Willging, Cathleen E.; Rylko-Bauer, Barbara

2010-01-01

474

Dimensions of health system reform.  

PubMed

During recent years there has been a growth of worldwide interest in health system reform. Countries at all levels of economic development are engaged in a creative search for better ways of organizing and financing health care, while promoting the goals of equity, effectiveness, and efficiency. Together with economic, political, and ideological reasons, this search has been fueled by the need to find answers to the complexities posed by the epidemiologic transition, whereby many nations are facing the simultaneous burdens of old, unresolved problems and new, emerging challenges. In order to better understand reform attempts, it is necessary to develop a clear conception of the object of reform: the health system. This paper presents the health system as a set of relationships among five major groups of actors: the health care providers, the population, the state as a collective mediator, the organizations that generate resources, and the other sectors that produce services with health effects. The relationships among providers, population, and the state form the basis for a typology of health care modalities. The type and number of modalities present in a country make it possible to characterize its health system. In the last part, the paper proposes that health system reform operates at four policy levels: systemic, which deals with the institutional arrangements for regulation, financing, and delivery of services; programmatic, which specifies the priorities of the system, by defining a universal package of health care interventions; organizational, which is concerned with the actual production of services by focusing on issues of quality assurance and technical efficiency; and instrumental, which generates the institutional intelligence for improving system performance through information, research, technological innovation, and human resource development. The dimensions of reform offer a repertoire of policy options, which need to be enriched by cross-national comparison of experiences and rigorous social experimentation. Maybe then reform will be a more systematic effort, and nations will be better able to learn from each other. PMID:10133134

Frenk, J

1994-01-31

475

Gas projects surge in the Middle East as governments seek new revenue sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid development of natural gas and condensate reserves in the Middle East results from a simple motivation: the desire of governments to earn revenues. For the past decade, Middle East governments have run budget deficits, which they funded by drawing down foreign assets and issuing debt. Now in the process of structural economic reform, they have begun to use

1997-01-01

476

An Ambiguous, Contested Terrain: Governance Models for a New South African Education System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the development of education governance in South Africa during the 1990s. It outlines ambiguities within and between competing policies, tracing the historical trajectory and explaining its outcome. Apartheid governance, the attempts to reform it, policy options originating within the anti-apartheid movement, and the law passed…

Weber, Everard

2002-01-01

477

Indigenous Local Governments for Palestine: A Roadmap for Replacing Imposed Institutions to Build Stability and Confidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupying empires and states and expatriates have imposed structures of local government in the West Bank and Gaza. As a result, Palestinians have little confidence in the existing units of local government. That lack of confidence inhibits the development of a civil society. Proposed reforms must understand the history and actions that minimized opportunities for participation and the professionalism of

Mark Rosentraub; Wasim al-Habil

2010-01-01

478

Strategic performance management: A balanced approach to performance management issues in local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

The drive for reform in the public sector worldwide has focussed attention on the measurement of performance in public sector organizations. This is particularly true in local government. Local government has traditionally been concerned with measuring the delivery of primary objectives, or results, at the expense of secondary objectives, or the determinants of organizational performance. Current strategic management literature suggests

John Martin

2000-01-01

479

Mainstreaming the Participatory Approach in Water Resource Governance: The 2002 water law in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

O.A. K'Akumu examines reforms that have been put in place by the Water Act of 2002 in Kenya. He shows that the government remains an active and powerful player in the management of water while local institutions need to be strengthened for effective water resource governance. Development (2008) 51, 56–62. doi:10.1057\\/palgrave.development.1100457

O A Kakumu

2008-01-01

480

Fostering Good Governance at School Level in Honduras: The Role of Transparency Bulletin Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corruption is at the core of weak governance. In the education sector, corruption is a threat to the quality of and access to education. Although the diagnosis is straightforward, effective reforms are more difficult to implement. The principles of good governance (transparency, participation, accountability, and integrity) provide us guidance,…

Boehm, Frédéric; Caprio, Temby

2014-01-01

481

The Search for New Governance: Corporatisation and Privatisation of Public Universities in Malaysia and Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to analyse how governments in Malaysia and Thailand have adopted indirect policy instruments along the lines of "corporatisation" and "privatisation" to reform higher education governance. By focusing on a few key issues related to changing state and education relationships and new regulatory arrangements when higher education…

Mok, Ka Ho

2007-01-01

482

Implementing health care reform in the United States: intergovernmental politics and the dilemmas of institutional design.  

PubMed

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was enacted, and continues to operate, under conditions of political polarization. In this article, we argue that the law's intergovernmental structure has amplified political conflict over its implementation by distributing governing authority to political actors at both levels of the American federal system. We review the ways in which the law's demands for institutional coordination between federal and state governments (and especially the role it preserves for governors and state legislatures) have created difficulties for rolling out health-insurance exchanges and expanding the Medicaid program. By way of contrast, we show how the institutional design of the ACA's regulatory reforms of the insurance market, which diminish the reform's political salience, has allowed for considerably less friction during the implementation process. This article thus highlights the implications of multi-level institutional designs for the post-enactment politics of major reforms. PMID:24508181

Béland, Daniel; Rocco, Philip; Waddan, Alex

2014-05-01

483

Collective Bargaining and School Finance Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of school finance reform and collective bargaining concludes that the significant factors are greater state involvement in fiscal support, fiscal reform, and more centralized bargaining. (Author/DW)

Murphy, Michael J.; And Others

1975-01-01

484

Bringing electricity reform to the Philippines  

SciTech Connect

Electricity reforms will not translate to competition overnight. But reforms are inching their way forward in institutions and stakeholders of the Philippine electricity industry, through regulatory and competition frameworks, processes, and systems promulgated and implemented. (author)

Fe Villamejor-Mendoza, Maria

2008-12-15

485

The Broadcast Reform Movement: At the Crossroads.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a study comparing the goals, resources, activities, and operating procedures of a sample of media reform groups. Assesses how the changing environment for reform will affect groups in the future. (JMF)

Branscomb, Anne W.; Savage, Maria

1978-01-01

486

School Finance Reform: Legality Turned Polity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses recent school finance litigation and legislation in Ohio resulting in school finance reform with an emphasis on educational adequacy. Focuses on the politics of school finance reform. (Contains 41 references.) (PKP)

Sweetland, Scott R.

2002-01-01

487

Health Care Reform and Alzheimer's Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... care and research. Subscribe now Medicare and the health care reform law Drug rebates for seniors At a ... Detection of possible cognitive impairment under Medicare The health care reform law created a new Medicare benefit to ...

488

Open government information awareness  

E-print Network

In the United States, there is a widening gap between a citizen's ability to monitor his or her government and the government's ability to monitor a citizen. Average citizens have limited access to important government ...

McKinley, Ryan, 1976-

2003-01-01

489

Can ICT Reform Public Agencies?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the reorganisation of the administration of admission to higher education in Norway, which has also included the development of a nationwide, ICT-based case handling system. This reform process was initiated out of the need to provide politicians with information for control and regulatory purposes, and the reform resulted in a centralised management information system. This system, however, has evolved into a coordinated but also partly locally delegated decision-making instrument which processes most of the applications for admission to higher education in Norway.

Jansen, Arild; Løvdal, Einar

490

24 CFR 1000.28 - May a self-governance Indian tribe be exempted from the applicability of § 1000.26?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false May a self-governance Indian tribe be exempted from the applicability of § 1000.26? 1000.28 Section 1000.28 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development...

2010-04-01

491

Reel Reform: Documentaries Spur Debate about Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three new American documentaries including "Waiting for Superman," "The Lottery, Race to Nowhere" and one British entry, "We are the People We've Been Waiting For," have animated school reform debates. Each of these documentaries seeks to disturb the entrenched thinking by claiming that our educational institutions are suffering from a malaise…

Hurley, Stephen

2011-01-01

492

Reforming Education in the Regions of Russia. World Bank Technical Paper No. 457.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the breakup of the Soviet Union, reforms of Russia's educational system included rapid decentralization of responsibilities to the regions, but without commensurate transfer of resources or clarification of government roles and responsibilities. Problems were greatly worsened by the severe fiscal stringency of the 1990s. This paper examines…

Canning, Mary; Moock, Peter; Heleniak, Timothy

493

Voices from the Front Lines: Exemplary Science Teachers on Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to gain insight into the experiences that nationally award-winning, exemplary science teachers have had over their career and examine the alignment of their responses with calls for K-12 science education reform from a selection of prominent commissioned government reports since 1980. From an assessment of the…

Burton, Erin Peters; Frazier, Wendy Michelle

2012-01-01

494

The Art of War for Librarians: Academic Culture, Curriculum Reform, and Wisdom from Sun Tzu.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for campuswide, organizational change to address the academy culture to be successful and suggests that in order for librarians to be effective in initiating information literacy or other educational reforms they must be seen as equals by faculty, in teaching and in governance. (Author/LRW)

Kempcke, Ken

2002-01-01

495

Labor Law Reform: The Regulation of Free Speech and Equal Access in NLRB Representational Elections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After examining the existing legal standards governing free speech and equal access in representation elections, the author analyzes various reform possibilities and suggests a unified approach for legislative action. Available from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, 3400 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104; $3.00 sc.…

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 1979

1979-01-01

496

The Reconstruction of New Zealand Education: A Case of "High Politics" Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1988 and 1989 there was extensive political intervention into New Zealand's education system. In 1988, as part of the Labour Government's wide ranging reform program, broader social values were deployed against "provider capture" in education. The Picot Taskforce recommended the radical devolution of power, resources, and responsibilities to…

Macpherson, R. J. S.

497

Sector reform impact on rural drinking water schemes -A case study from Raigad district in Maharashtra  

E-print Network

the specific viewpoint of rural drinking water supply. In particular, we look at the mechanics of a Government- Sector reform impact on rural drinking water schemes - A case study from Raigad district of Technology, Bombay Abstract: This paper analyses the ground level impact of the national rural drinking water

Sohoni, Milind

498

Comprehensive School Reform: An Observational Study of Teaching in Grades 3 through 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This observational study involved literacy and mathematics instruction of 145 teachers in grades 3 through 5 in 20 low-income schools enrolled in the U.S. government's Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) Demonstration program. Observed curriculum and instructional practices were primarily and coherently focused on acquisition of basic facts and…

McCaslin, Mary; Good, Thomas L.; Nichols, Sharon; Zhang, Jizhi; Wiley, Caroline R. H.; Bozack, Amanda Rabidue; Burross, Heidi Legg; Cuizon-Garcia, Rena

2006-01-01

499

Success for All and Comprehensive School Reform: Evidence-Based Policies for Urban Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses comprehensive school reform (CSR), which accepts the importance of standards and accountability but adds to these strategies for introducing innovations in curriculum, instruction, school organization, governance, parent interactions, and other core features of practice. The paper reviews research on the nature and quality of…

Slavin, Robert E.; Madden, Nancy A.

500

The Past, Present, and Future of Comprehensive School Reform. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last major review of the achievement outcomes of comprehensive school reform (CSR) models was conducted in 2003. Despite the growing evidence base supporting CSR, the program was discontinued by the federal government in 2007. Now, six years after the 2003 meta-analysis, the study's lead author, Geoffrey Borman, revisits the results and…

Borman, Geoffrey D.

2009-01-01