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1

Autism--Why the Increased Rates? A One-Year Update. Hearings before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, April 25 and 26, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings before the House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform address possible reasons for the apparently rapid increase in the incidence of autism. An introduction by the Committee Chairman, Dan Burton, provides background information and suggests a possible linkage between autism and the mumps-measles-rubella vaccine,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

2

District of Columbia Public School Census and Enrollment Oversight. Hearing before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives. One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight held a hearing to discuss an accurate census of the District of Columbia public schools and the system's enrollment. Subcommittee Chairman Thomas M. Davis (Virginia) noted that an accurate and reliable count of student enrollment is directly…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

3

Housing Reform in Kolkata: Changes and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1991 the housing sector in Kolkata has been the subject of significant reforms based on profound changes in the political economy of the State of West Bengal. The paper reviews four reform initiatives: public-private partnership, privatisation of public rental housing, development of New Towns, and the finance sector deregulation in Kolkata and discusses their relevance to the urban context

URMI SENGUPTA

2007-01-01

4

Democratic participation, fiscal reform and local governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's rural village elections have been acclaimed as a crucial step in China's democratization and a success in improving villagers' welfare and self-governance. Around 2002 the central government implemented another influential reform: the Tax-for-Fee reform. Using a unique two-year panel of village data from rural China covering more villages than the previous literature and spanning over these two reforms, our

Xiangyi Meng; Li Zhang

2011-01-01

5

Social and Spatial Implications of Housing Reform in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research into eastern European housing reform indicates that privatization has been accompanied by processes of social and physical exclusion and segregation. Has the Chinese housing reform been accompanied by similar problems? This paper addresses this question by examining the early evidence on the social and spatial consequences of housing reform. It begins with a discussion of the particular social and

Ya Ping Wang; Alan Murie

2000-01-01

6

The Implications of Welfare Reform for Housing and School Instability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses studies on the housing outcomes of welfare recipients to examine the potential influence of welfare reform on housing instability, which influences school instability. State studies suggest that welfare reform has increased rates of family mobility, evictions, and sharing housing. Limited research suggests that housing instability and…

Nichols, Laura; Gault, Barbara

2003-01-01

7

White House Forum on Health Reform, March 5, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On March 5, President Obama hosted a White House Forum on Health Reform at the White House. Working with Democratic and Republican Governors across the country, the White House has put together five White House Regional Forums on Health Reform. The forums...

2009-01-01

8

Reasserting the 'social' in social rented housing: politics, housing policy and housing reforms in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

After a decade of wide-ranging social welfare reforms in New Zealand, that have resulted in a considerable restructuring of the role of the state in housing provision, the introduction of new housing legislation in 2000 marked a significant attempt to reassert the notion of social provision. This article examines the manner in which housing policy has recast the role of

Laurence Murphy

2003-01-01

9

Tax Reform, Tax Incentives and Investment Returns on Rental Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effects of the 1976 Tax Reform Act (TRA) on investment returns in rental housing are analyzed, and the effects of additional tax reforms on future rental housing investment returns are considered. Using a base investment case, consisting of data avail...

W. B. Brueggeman

1977-01-01

10

University Governance Reforms: Potential Problems of More Autonomy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University governance reforms are very much a reflection of the broader New Public Management reforms that are focusing on increasing efficiency in public organizations. The article deals with how university reform ideas of a generic nature, emphasizing that universities should be treated and reformed like any other public organizations, are…

Christensen, Tom

2011-01-01

11

Federal Student Loan Programs: Are They Meeting the Needs of Students and Schools? Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (May 26, 2005). Serial Number 109-31  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Government Reform, chaired by Tom Davis (R-VA) convened this oversight hearing to examine Federal Student Loan Programs, specifically the management and performance of the Federal Family Education Loan Program and the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program. The Committee focused on the Department of Education initiatives to…

US House of Representatives, 2005

2005-01-01

12

Corporate Governance – Regulation and Reform: the actuarial governance of UK life insurers &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper investigates the Financial Services Authority's (FSA) reforms of the unique corporate governance arrangements of UK life insurers. In particular, the paper explores the need for special arrangements for the governance of with-profits funds, the role of actuaries in corporate governance and the proposals for reform which resulted from the FSA's With Profits Review and Lord Penrose's Report into

Ian P. Dewing; Peter O. Russell

2006-01-01

13

3 CFR 13507 - Executive Order 13507 of April 8, 2009. Establishment of the White House Office of Health Reform  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...8, 2009. Establishment of the White House Office of Health Reform 13507...EO 13507 Establishment of the White House Office of Health Reform ...(a) There is established a White House Office of Health Reform...

2010-01-01

14

Municipal finance reform and local self-governance in Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

By analysing Russian local budget revenue and expenditure reform in the 1990s and the early 2000s this article demonstrates that it is the shortcomings of the municipal finance system that are the major obstacle to local self-governance development in Russia. The recent tax reforms resulted in a decrease in local fiscal autonomy. Municipal budget revenues have dropped sharply in relative

Andrei Chernyavsky; Karen Vartapetov

2004-01-01

15

A Decent Home...A Report on the Continuing Failure of the Federal Government to Provide Equal Housing Opportunity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to contribute to the dialogue on the need for reform of the nation's fair housing laws and policies, this report describes and evaluates those policies and their impact. The report begins with a discussion of the Federal Government's support for a racially dual housing market prior to 1962 and moves on to describe the beginnings of a…

Sloane, Glenda G.

16

Reforming the Governance of California Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this speech, Chancellor Thomas J. Nussbaum defends the existence of local governing boards for community colleges and offers suggestions for improving the current weak governance structure. He argues that doing away with local governing boards would: (1) create a greater inconsistency between the mission and the governance of the colleges; (2)…

Nussbaum, Thomas J.

17

An investigation of the association between corporate governance, earnings management and the effect of governance reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of recent corporate governance reforms on the association between governance practices and earnings management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study examines the impact of corporate governance reforms by using a firm fixed-effect, cross-sectional analysis of 200 firms listed on the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) for the financial years ending in

Marion R. Hutchinson; Majella Percy; Leyal Erkurtoglu

2008-01-01

18

Local government fiscal reform: principles and options for the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. local governments in the 1980s were under increasing fiscal stress. The fiscal outlook is not particularly bright because of projected rapid growth of certain expenditures and the slow growth of most local revenue sources. Potentially major changes in fiscal responsibilities at the federal and state levels may call for local government fiscal reform in the future. This article uses

John R. Bartle; Ronald L. Greenberg

1999-01-01

19

Structural Reform in Australian Local Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Amalgamation has always been the favoured Australian policy instrument for improving the efficiency of Local government. However, this policy consensus has flown against mounting evidence that amalgamation not only often fails to reduce costs, but also generates significant unintended negative consequences. This note considers various recent reports into Australian Local government and argues that the earlier policy consensus on the

Brian Dollery; Joel Byrnes; Lin Crase

2008-01-01

20

Corporate Governance Reform and International Listing  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much research has focused on how weak domestic institutions constrain the emergence of good corporate governance practices in transition and developing economies, few studies have paid attention to the significant inter-firm variations in governance existing there. This paper focuses on firm-specific actions that aim to distinguish the firm from its peers. It reports the disparity in credit ratings between

Laixiang Sun; Damian Tobin

21

And Now What about Reforming Cambridge Governance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After its recent Assurance visit from HEFCE, Oxford went through a high profile public debate at the end of which its academic community voted against moving to a governance structure which would have given Oxford a majority of external members on its Council. The Higher Education Funding Council asked Oxford to answer eight questions justifying…

Evans, G. R.

2009-01-01

22

The Political Economy of Decentralized Governance: An Assessment of Rural Local Government Reforms in Bangladesh  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local government is being widely recognized in all developing countries as a vital institutional form for ensuring grass-root level democracy and participatory development. Bangladesh is no exception. This article reviews various experiments in local government reforms in Bangladesh and analyzes the relevant issues from a political economy perspective. Despite considerable efforts made over the years no effective and viable local

Abu Elias Sarker

2006-01-01

23

Early Childhood Interventions: Public-Private Partnerships. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings transcripts recount testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives concerning early childhood development programs. Testimony addressed the questions of how public and private investments in early childhood programs contribute to successful outcomes for infants and mothers, and how these successes can be measured and replicated…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

24

Governance, transparency and alignment in the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) 2011 National Health Reform Agreement.  

PubMed

Objective This article provides a policy analysis of the Australian government's National Health Reform Agreement (NHRA) by bringing to the foreground the governance arrangements underpinning the two arms of the national reforms, to primary health care and hospital services. Methods The article analyses the NHRA document and mandate, and contextualises the changes introduced vis-à-vis the complex characteristics of the Australian health care system. Specifically, it discusses the coherence of the agreement and its underlying objectives, and the consistency and logic of the governance arrangements introduced. Results The policy analysis highlights the rationalisation of the responsibilities between the Commonwealth and states and territories, the commitment towards a funding arrangement based on uniform measures of performance and the troubled emergence of a more decentralised nation-wide homogenisation of governance arrangements, plus efforts to improve transparency, accountability and statutory support to increase the standards of quality of care and safety. Conclusions It is suggested that the NHRA falls short of adequately supporting integration between primary, secondary and tertiary health care provision and facilitating greater integration in chronic disease management in primary care. Successfully addressing this will unlock further value from the reforms. What is known about the topic? The Council of Australian Governments (COAG) 2011 health reforms have introduced governance structures and transparency mechanisms that are unprecedented in the Australian context. There is still a gap in knowledge and overall understanding in relation to their significance and how they will fare given the complex characteristics of the Australian health system. What does this paper add? This article discusses the positive changes introduced, such as the rationalisation of the relationships between the Commonwealth and states and territories, the introduction of more transparent funding arrangements, the provision of unified governance templates and the potential gains in reducing waiting lists. It also highlights the most glaring shortcoming of the health reforms, which is the missed opportunity to strengthen integration between primary, secondary and tertiary care providers. What are the implications for practitioners? More effective integration between care providers appears to be one of the greatest challenges ahead. Further changes are needed to make the primary care and secondary and tertiary arms of the health system work together more effectively. Moreover, general practice needs to be brought into a closer working relationship with non-medical primary health and community care to tackle the growing burden of chronic disease. PMID:24807128

Veronesi, Gianluca; Harley, Kirsten; Dugdale, Paul; Short, Stephanie D

2014-06-01

25

Information Management: The Challenges of Managing Electronic Records. Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Information Policy, Census and National Archives, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-10-838T  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal agencies are increasingly using electronic means to create, exchange, and store information, and in doing so, they frequently create federal records: that is, information, in whatever form, that documents government functions, activities, decisions, and other important transactions. As the volume of electronic information grows, so does…

Melvin, Valerie C.

2010-01-01

26

Combating Gangs: Better Coordination and Performance Measurement Would Help Clarify Roles of Federal Agencies and Strengthen Assessment of Efforts. Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-09-708  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Justice (DOJ) estimates that the United States has about a million gang members. While state and local agencies have primary responsibility for combating gang crime, the federal government has key roles to enforce laws and help fund programs to provide alternatives to gang membership for at-risk youth. GAO was asked to examine…

US Government Accountability Office, 2009

2009-01-01

27

Human Capital: Building the Information Technology Workforce To Achieve Results. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Comptroller General of the United States testified before Congress regarding the General Accounting Office's (GAO's) framework for building the information technology (IT) work force to achieve results. The following were among the key points of his testimony: (1) the federal government is facing pervasive human capital challenges that are…

Walker, David M.

28

75 FR 21146 - Public Input on Reform of the Housing Finance System  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...reform choices? Dated: April 16, 2010. Alastair Fitzpayne, Acting Executive Secretary, Department of the Treasury. James Parrott, Counselor to the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development. [FR Doc. 2010-9309 Filed 4-21-10;...

2010-04-22

29

Welfare Reform Impacts on the Public Housing Program: A Preliminary Forecast: HUD USER  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users may download this report and accompanying charts from the HUD USER site. The report "examines the implications of welfare reform for public housing authorities (PHAs), whose residents traditionally contribute a portion of their incomes for rent." The report focuses on a small number of diverse housing authorities and finds that the effects of welfare reform on tenant incomes and PHA rent revenues will most probably vary considerably.

30

Democratic participation, fiscal reform and local governance: Empirical evidence on Chinese villages  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's rural village elections have been acclaimed as a crucial step in China's democratization and a success in improving villagers' welfare and self-governance. Around 2002 the central government implemented another influential reform: the Tax-for-Fee reform. Using a unique two-year panel of village data from rural China covering more villages than the previous literature and spanning over these two reforms, our

Xiangyi Meng; Li Zhang

2011-01-01

31

White House Communications Agency - Phase II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is the second of two reports resulting from our Audit of the White House Communications Agency. The Chairman, House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight; the Chairman, House Subcommittee on National Security, International Affairs, and...

1996-01-01

32

The Division of Responsibility for Housing Policy in a Federal System of Government.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper examines possible rationales for government intervention in the housing market, paying attention to the problem of specifying the level of government appropriate for housing policy. The sections examine primary rationales, paying attention to ho...

R. E. Wagner

1973-01-01

33

Eradicating Steroid Use, Part IV: Examining the Use of Steroids by Young Women to Enhance Athletic Performance and Body Image. Hearing Before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, (June 15, 2005) Serial No. 109-38  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Government Reform heard testimony from several medical experts who believe that steroid use by young women is an underreported problem, and that a great deal more research and scientific evidence are needed to more accurately quantify its pervasiveness. Dr. Diane Elliot, professor of medicine, Oregon Health and Science University,…

US House of Representatives, 2005

2005-01-01

34

Understanding Corporate Governance Reform in South Africa: Anglo-American Divergence, the King Reports, and Hybridization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates corporate governance reform in South Africa in the context of the country’s international links with Anglo-American corporate governance and domestic pursuit of socioeconomic development. Two key questions are evaluated. (a) How has divergence within the Anglo-American model influenced corporate governance reform in South Africa? (b) Can South Africa’s historical closeness to the Anglo-American model be combined with

Stefan Andreasson

2011-01-01

35

Good governance and budget reform in Lesotho Public Hospitals: performance, root causes and reality.  

PubMed

Lesotho has been implementing financial management reforms, including performance-based budgeting (PBB) since 2005 in an effort to increase accountability, transparency and effectiveness in governance, yet little is known about how these efforts are affecting the health sector. Supported by several development partners and $24 million in external resources, the PBB reform is intended to strengthen government capacity to manage aid funds directly and to target assistance to pressing social priorities. This study designed and tested a methodology for measuring implementation progress for PBB reform in the hospital sector in Lesotho. We found that despite some efforts on the national level to promote and support reform implementation, staff at the hospital level were largely unaware of the purpose of the reform and had made almost no progress in transforming institutions and systems to fully realize reform goals. Problems can be traced to a complex reform design, inadequate personnel and capacity to implement, professional boundaries between financial and clinical personnel and weak leadership. The Lesotho reform experience suggests that less complex designs for budget reform, better adapted to the context and realities of health sectors in developing countries, may be needed to improve governance. It also highlights the importance of measuring reform implementation at the sectoral level. PMID:23293099

Vian, Taryn; Bicknell, William J

2013-01-01

36

[Governance and health: the rise of the managerialism in public sector reform].  

PubMed

The article examines various healthcare systems reform projects in Canada and some Canadian provinces and reveals some tendencies in governance renewal. The analisis is based on the hypothesis that reform is an exercise aiming at the renewal of governance conception and practices. In renewing governance, reform leaders hope to use adequate and effective levers to attain announced reform objectives. The article shows that the conceptions and operational modalities of governance have changed over time and that they reveal tensions inherent to the transformation and legitimation process of public healthcare systems. The first section discusses the relationships between reform and change. The second section defines the conception of gouvernance used for the analisis. Based on a content analisis of the various reform reports, the third section reveals the evolution of the conception of governance in healthcare systems in Canada. In order to expose the new tendencies, ideologies and operational principles at the heart of the reform projects are analysed. Five ideologies are identified: the democratic ideology, the "population health" ideology, the business ideology, the managerial ideology and the ideology of equity and humanism. This leads to a discussion on the dominant influence of the managerial ideology in the current reform projects. PMID:20963305

Denis, Jean L; Lamothe, Lise; Langley, Ann; Stéphane, Guérard

2010-01-01

37

Local Government Reform Programs and Human Resource Capacity Building in Africa: Evidence from Local Government Authorities (LGAs) in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Local Government Reform Program (LGRP) in Tanzania was introduced to improve the access and quality of services provided by Local Government Authorities (LGAs). The main aim of the study is to clarify the practice and impact of Human Resource Capacity Building with reference to the LGRP in Tanzania. The study adopted a three-dimensional framework involving Human Resource Development (HRD),

William Pallangyo; Christopher J. Rees

2010-01-01

38

Federal tax reform and the financing of state and local governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the Reagan Administration tax reform proposals would reduce federal income tax liabilities for most taxpayers, federal tax reform would also create strong pressures on state and local governments to cut taxes and public services. These pressures would arise primarily because itemizers would no longer be able to deduct state and local taxes in determining their federal income tax liabilities.

Howard Chernick; Andrew Reschovsky

1986-01-01

39

The Clinton health care reform proposal: efficiency, fairness, and the role of government.  

PubMed

In a detailed evaluation of the Clinton reform proposal, this article deals with the many thorny yet pragmatic problems concerning the proper role of government in reforming the health care system. Areas of focus include mandatory coverage, information networks, market failure, and the ability of government-controlled systems to produce efficiency and fairness for the health care consumer. It is the author's opinion that the plan needs to be resubmitted with substantial revisions. PMID:10152343

Dowd, B E

1994-08-01

40

Between efficiency, capability and recognition: competing epistemes in global governance reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines global governance reforms as a site of contestation between three different ‘truths’\\/epistemes (the market, human rights principles, and cultural identity) in terms of the competing principles of efficiency, capability, and recognition. Nancy Fraser’s conceptions of participation parity and a dialogical approach of recognition to examine diverse global governance reform proposals are used to argue that a neo?liberal

Jennifer Chan

2007-01-01

41

77 FR 76064 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Reform Act: Changes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Housing Reform Act: Changes to Admission and Occupancy Requirements for the Public...available upon request, their respective admission and occupancy policies for both the public...available for inspection policies related to admission and continued occupancy, so as to...

2012-12-26

42

The importance of contextual factors for reform efforts in rural local governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local governments in rural areas are often characterized as lacking in professionalism and capacity necessary for confronting the variety of problems that must be addressed at the local level.The public administration perspective is often one of recommending reforms to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness with which these governments do things, thereby increasing their capacity to manage their affairs. Well meaning

Martin Wiseman; William L. Giles; James McCormick

1994-01-01

43

Autonomy and Control: Danish University Reform in the Context of Modern Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003 the Danish government reformed universities to "set them free" from the state. Yet ministers are actively trying to shape universities and even set research agendas. How does the government's notion of "freedom" reconcile independence with control? We identify three discourses of freedom: freedom to use academic judgement over what to…

Wright, Susan; Orberg, Jakob Williams

2008-01-01

44

Curriculum Policy Implementation: How Schools Respond to Government's "Soft" Policy in the Curriculum Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Soft" policy has newly emerged as a policy implementation concept in relation to governance. Non-binding in character, "soft" policy is designed for multi-level systems of governance in which there is relative autonomy at different levels of collective decision-making. "Soft" policy has gained attention since the adoption of curriculum reforms in…

Chan, Jacqueline K. S.

2012-01-01

45

DRAFT BUDGET 2007-08: FINANCE AND PUBLIC SERVICE REFORM (LOCAL GOVERNMENT)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This briefing has been prepared to assist the Scottish Parliament's Local Government and Transport Committee in their scrutiny of the Draft Budget 2007-08. It presents trends in the budget relating to the Finance and Public Service Reform portfolio focussing on local government budget allocations, outlines the Objectives and Targets in the portfolio, considers the latest developments in the Scottish Executive's

STEPHEN HERBERT

46

Reforming College Governance. New Directions for Community Colleges, No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles presented here reveal the current status of community college governance. Topics discussed are: three models of college governance and their interrelationships; participatory governance in Canada; preparing student, faculty, and administrative leaders to understand basic institutional and individual needs and to operative in…

Richardson, Richard C., Jr., Ed.

1975-01-01

47

Local government reform between ‘exogenous’ and ‘endogenous’ driving forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article attempts to analyse institutional reforms in the multi-level system of the French capital city. The key questions are the developments in central – local relations and what factors influenced these changes over the last century. The author seeks to identify ‘critical junctures’ in institutional development and explore their impact on the relationships between state and municipality on the one hand

Sabine Kuhlmann

2006-01-01

48

Governing welfare reform symbolically: evidence based or iconic policy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports findings from an ethnographic study of welfare reform in which the discursive negotiation of policy implementation at the local level was key to understanding the phenomenon of unintended consequences. Using policy give-aways or ‘freebies’ as a primary source of data, the article demonstrates how, despite the rhetoric of evidence based policy and practice, the meanings of policy

Pam Carter

2011-01-01

49

Local Government Reform in Tanzania: Considerations for the Development of a System of Formula-Based Grants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1999, Tanzania has been actively pursuing reforms of way in which the central government finances local government activities. Although local government authorities in Tanzania play a significant role in the delivery of key government services, the resources which the central government provides to the local level are tightly controlled by the central government. Based on the unique context of

Jameson Boex; Jorge Martinez-Vazquez

2003-01-01

50

World Oilseed Markets-Government Intervention and Multilateral Policy Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Government programs and policies have helped to shape the prevailing patterns of trade and production in global oilseed, oilseed meal, and vegetable oil markets. The report evaluates the adjustments that likely would occur in global oilseed and oilseed pr...

T. W. Bickerton J. W. Glauber

1990-01-01

51

Commodification, normalisation and intervention: Cultural, social and symbolic capital in housing consumption and governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper relates the governance of anti-social behaviour in theUK to a wider policy conceptualisation of social housing as a flawed andproblematic form of housing consumption. Drawing on the theoretical workof Bourdieu and Foucault, the paper identifies how the habitus ofhousing consumption is shaped by acts of governance including classification,legitimisation, normalisation and targeted intervention. The paper argues thatdominant governance discourses

John Flint; Rob Rowlands

2003-01-01

52

The (Perceived) Roles of Corporate Governance Reforms in Malaysia: The Views of Corporate Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to understand the roles of corporate governance reforms in Malaysia following the 1997\\/1998 Asian crisis from the perspectives of corporate managers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The primary evidence used is drawn from a series of in- depth semi-structured interviews with Malaysian corporate managers involved in the overseeing of the governance structures within their companies.

Pik Kun Liew

53

e-Government as an Enabler of Public Management Reform: The Case of Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Governmental reform has been on Switzerland’s political agenda since the 1970s. In the 1990s, the ideas of NPM (New Public\\u000a Management) spread quickly within the Swiss public sector. From the mid 1990s, the three levels of government also began experimenting\\u000a with electronic government. Ten years later these experiments have matured and Switzerland is regularly ranked among the top\\u000a countries for

Jean-loup Chappelet

2004-01-01

54

Public management reform and organizational performance: An empirical assessment of the U.K. Labour government's public service improvement strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the first empirical assessment of the U.K. Labour government's program of public management reform. This reform program is based on rational planning, devolution and delegation, flexibility and incentives, and enhanced choice. Measures of these variables are tested against external and internal indicators of organizational performance. The setting for the study is upper tier English local governments, and data

Richard M. Walker; George A. Boyne

2006-01-01

55

Pension Reform, Ownership Structure, and Corporate Governance: Evidence from a Natural Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sweden offers a unique natural experiment to analyze the effects of institutionalized saving on the ownership structure, corporate governance, andfirm performance. The Swedish pen- sion reform increased the stock market participation of pension funds, causing a significant reshuffling in the ownership of pension funds. We show that the effects of institutional investment on firm performance depend on the industry structure

Luc Laeven

2008-01-01

56

Educational Reforms in Malta: A Missed Opportunity to Establish Distributed Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically analyses the current Maltese educational reform process, which aimed to transform educational governance in Malta from a centralized system to a more decentralized one. This longitudinal study adopted a multi-site inquiry of a sample of the colleges involving different stakeholders, including key policy-makers, college…

Cutajar, Mario; Bezzina, Christopher; James, Chris

2013-01-01

57

Between Efficiency, Capability and Recognition: Competing Epistemes in Global Governance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines global governance reforms as a site of contestation between three different "truths"/epistemes (the market, human rights principles, and cultural identity) in terms of the competing principles of efficiency, capability, and recognition. Nancy Fraser's conceptions of participation parity and a dialogical approach of…

Chan, Jennifer

2007-01-01

58

Good Local Governance. Local Government Reform in Global Perspective. An Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

“On the one hand, local governments are to act as the vehicle of local democracy, providing services responsive to local needs\\u000a and conditions. On the other hand, local governments must constitute the local branch of the nation-state administrative apparatus,\\u000a executing state policies in key-policy areas. Here, bureaucratic efficiency is the key objective.” (Pierre 1995: 38). “Good\\u000a local governance” reflects this

Norbert Kersting; Janice Caulfield; R. Andrew Nickson; Dele Olowu; Hellmut Wollmann

59

Better regulation by new governance hybrids? Governance models and the reform of European chemicals policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The EU is presently in a transition phase from environmental policy-making by law towards other governance approaches based upon networking, voluntary commitments, benchmarking and other forms of “soft law”. Those new governance approaches often claim to lead to “better regulation”, while adopting a more consensus-oriented and participatory style, taking economic aspects more seriously into account, allowing for more flexibility and

Christian Hey; Klaus Jacob; Axel Volkery

2007-01-01

60

Reform as regulation – accounting, governance and accountability in UK local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an attempt to theorise the recent changes to accounting practices in local government in the UK. The principal theory used is regulation theory, which incorporates aspects of hegemony theory and governance. Regulation theory attempts to explain major changes in national economic structures by examining underlying systems of capital accumulation, regulation and hegemony. Central to these structures and

Andrew Goddard

2005-01-01

61

Post-Asian financial crisis reforms: an emerging new embedded-relational governance model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The late 1980s and early 1990s saw rapid economic growth and subjugation of social policy and environmental concerns, as development was driven through the corporate and financial sectors in East and Southeast Asian economies, fuelled by free market reforms as societies edged towards neo-liberalism. The Asian financial crisis was the catalyst for the emergence of a new embedded-relational governance model,

Janice A. Loftus; John A. Purcell

2008-01-01

62

Public Management Reform and Organizational Performance: An Empirical Assessment of the U.K. Labour Government's Public Service Improvement Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present the first empirical assessment of the U.K. Labour government's program of public management reform. This reform program is based on rational planning, devolution and delegation, flexibility and incentives, and enhanced choice. Measures of these variables are tested against external and internal indicators of organizational performance.…

Walker, Richard M.; Boyne, George A.

2006-01-01

63

The role of law and governance reform in the global response to non-communicable diseases  

PubMed Central

Addressing non-communicable diseases (“NCDs”) and their risk-factors is one of the most powerful ways of improving longevity and healthy life expectancy for the foreseeable future – especially in low- and middle-income countries. This paper reviews the role of law and governance reform in that process. We highlight the need for a comprehensive approach that is grounded in the right to health and addresses three aspects: preventing NCDs and their risk factors, improving access to NCD treatments, and addressing the social impacts of illness. We highlight some of the major impediments to the passage and implementation of laws for the prevention and control of NCDs, and identify important practical steps that governments can take as they consider legal and governance reforms at country level. We review the emerging global architecture for NCDs, and emphasise the need for governance structures to harness the energy of civil society organisations and to create a global movement that influences the policy agenda at the country level. We also argue that the global monitoring framework would be more effective if it included key legal and policy indicators. The paper identifies priorities for technical legal assistance in implementing the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020. These include high-quality legal resources to assist countries to evaluate reform options, investment in legal capacity building, and global leadership to respond to the likely increase in requests by countries for technical legal assistance. We urge development agencies and other funders to recognise the need for development assistance in these areas. Throughout the paper, we point to global experience in dealing with HIV and draw out some relevant lessons for NCDs.

2014-01-01

64

City Governments and Aging in Place: Community Design, Transportation and Housing Innovation Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of the study: To examine the characteristics associated with city government adoption of community design, housing, and transportation innovations that could benefit older adults. Design and methods: A mixed-methods study with quantitative data collected via online surveys from 62 city planners combined with qualitative data collected via…

Lehning, Amanda J.

2012-01-01

65

Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

66

Institutionalized social skill and the rise of mediating organizations in urban governance: the case of the Cleveland Housing Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we build on an expanding literature that attempts to understand the changing organizational and institutional dimensions of contemporary urban governance. We do so by utilizing the Cleveland Housing Network as a lens through which salient characteristics of contemporary governance become visible. Doing so enables us to highlight the distinctive challenges of the multi-institutional nature of contemporary governance

Michael McQuarrie; Norman Krumholz

2011-01-01

67

Public Sector Reform and Governance for Adaptation: Implications of New Public Management for Adaptive Capacity in Mexico and Norway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although many governments are assuming the responsibility of initiating adaptation policy in relation to climate change, the compatibility of "governance-for-adaptation" with the current paradigms of public administration has generally been overlooked. Over the last several decades, countries around the globe have embraced variants of the philosophy of administration broadly called "New Public Management" (NPM) in an effort to improve administrative efficiencies and the provision of public services. Using evidence from a case study of reforms in the building sector in Norway, and a case study of water and flood risk management in central Mexico, we analyze the implications of the adoption of the tenets of NPM for adaptive capacity. Our cases illustrate that some of the key attributes associated with governance for adaptation—namely, technical and financial capacities; institutional memory, learning and knowledge; and participation and accountability—have been eroded by NPM reforms. Despite improvements in specific operational tasks of the public sector in each case, we show that the success of NPM reforms presumes the existence of core elements of governance that have often been found lacking, including solid institutional frameworks and accountability. Our analysis illustrates the importance of considering both longer-term adaptive capacities and short-term efficiency goals in public sector administration reform.

Eakin, Hallie; Eriksen, Siri; Eikeland, Per-Ove; Øyen, Cecilie

2011-03-01

68

City Governments and Aging in Place: Community Design, Transportation and Housing Innovation Adoption  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the study: To examine the characteristics associated with city government adoption of community design, housing, and transportation innovations that could benefit older adults. Design and methods: A mixed-methods study with quantitative data collected via online surveys from 62 city planners combined with qualitative data collected via telephone interviews with a subsample of 18 survey respondents. Results: Results indicate that advocacy is an effective strategy to encourage city government adoption of these innovations. Percent of the population with a disability was positively associated, whereas percent of the population aged 65 and older was not associated or negatively associated, with innovation adoption in the regression models. Qualitative interviews suggest that younger individuals with disabilities are more active in local advocacy efforts. Implications: Results suggest that successful advocacy strategies for local government adoption include facilitating the involvement of older residents, targeting key decision makers within government, emphasizing the financial benefits to the city, and focusing on cities whose aging residents are vulnerable to disease and disability.

Lehning, Amanda J.

2012-01-01

69

Notes on Constitutional Change in the ROC: Presidential Versus Parliamentary Government. Institutional Reform and the Information Sector (IRIS) Summary, Working Paper No. 77.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The debate over constitutional reform has moved to center stage in Taiwan, with a focus on two issues: the choice of presidential versus parliamentary government and a determination of the ultimate role of the National Assembly.

E. M. Niou P. C. Ordeshook

1993-01-01

70

The Long Road to Housing Reform: Lessons from the Chilean Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chile's housing policy is widely regarded as a success. For almost a decade, new construction has been above the level required to provide houses for new families and replace obsolete structures. This raises hopes that within the next decade all families in Chile will occupy dwellings that comply with minimum quality and service standards. This is no small accomplishment for

Eduardo Rojas

1999-01-01

71

School Finance Reform and Housing Values: Evidence from the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 25 years California has transformed its system of public school finance from one of the least equitable in the nation to one of the most equitable. This paper examines the impact of that transformation on housing values. Specifically, we use data on residential housing sales from Los Angeles County for the years 1975, 1980, 1985, and 1990,

Eric J. Brunner; James Murdoch; Mark Thayer

72

75 FR 20717 - Federal Housing Administration: Continuation of FHA Reform; Strengthening Risk Management Through...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...are a key element in sustaining economic recovery. However, the downturn...its proactive role in previous economic crises, FHA once again positioned itself...housing credit markets in times of economic disruption. HUD recognizes...

2010-04-20

73

Governance of State Wildlife Management: Reform and Revive or Resist and Retrench?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governance of state wildlife management has been under scrutiny with respect to its ability to change to reflect the values, norms, and cultural beliefs of contemporary society. This article reviews the existing model of governance for state wildlife management; outlines concerns about this model in light of a changing social context; discusses alternative approaches; and offers considerations for how governance

Cynthia A. Jacobson; Daniel J. Decker

2008-01-01

74

Splintered Accountability: State Governance and Education Reform. SUNY Series in Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act declared that improving education in every school in the United States was a top national priority. However, this act did not acknowledge how state departments of education have successfully constructed reforms for the past few decades, despite the power struggle between governors, legislators, school districts, and…

Shober, Arnold F.

2010-01-01

75

Constitutional Prospects for the Implementation of Funding and Governance Reforms in Latin American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rationale for comprehensive reform of Latin American higher education crystallized in the mid-1990s in policy documents published by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. This "Washington consensus" of the multilateral banks advocated, among other measures, greater reliance on private sources of funding, increased…

Bernasconi, Andres

2007-01-01

76

Process and performance based regulation: challenges for regulatory governance and regulatory reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent decades have seen a substantial move by regulators in Australia, as in many other OECD countries, to adopt performance based and process-based regulation, in preference to traditional prescriptive regulation. This shift has been actively encouraged by regulatory reformers, who often see it as unambiguously positive in its impact on regulatory quality. However, recent experience increasingly reveals a range of

Rex Deighton-Smith

77

Use of radiometer to reform and repair an old living house to passive solar one  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese living houses mainly consist of wooden elements in high-temperature and moist conditions. To modify the hot and humid environment, a conventional old house was partially rebuilt and repaired. Especially in the winter season, a diagnostic thermographic test was used to find deteriorated and leaking parts of interior and exterior walls. Macroscopic deteriorated parts were checked again in detail. The deteriorated element was then removed. During the reconstruction process, a new solar heat and air conditioning system using a silica-gel adsorber and underground water was installed to cool and warm up the living room. Thermography tests of this remodeled house show that room temperature is always constant and mild to human beings, especially in the winter. Temperature and heat flow distribution of flowing air in the living room was measured using thermal net and wire methods. Leaking thermal streak flow of the gap was locally visualized by the IR radiometer and a highly sensitive video camera. It was verified that IR thermography is a useful measuring instrument to check thermal defects of a house.

Okamoto, Yoshizo; Inagaki, Terumi; Suzuki, Takakazu; Kurokawa, Takashi

1994-03-01

78

Land Reform in the Brazilian Governments of Presidents Cardoso and Lula: Challenges for Agrarian Geography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses one of the challenges facing agrarian geographers of Brazil: explaining land-tenure. In light of increased land occupations by landless peasants, the development of agrarian reform projects by the presidential administrations of Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002) and Luis Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-present), and the expansion of agribusiness, the agrarian question presents geographers with various difficulties. To describe

Bernardo Mançano Fernandes

79

U.S. government export control reform initiative - what's going on?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While there is still more work to be done, taken together, these reforms will focus our resources on the threats that matter most, and help us work more effectively with our allies in the field. They'll bring transparency and coherence to a field of regulation which has long been lacking both. And by enhancing the competitiveness of our manufacturing and technology sectors, they'll help us not just increase exports and create jobs, but strengthen our national security as well.” - President Obama, Department of Commerce Annual Export Controls Update Conference, August 30, 2010. This paper will provide background information and discuss the need for export control reform. It will lay out the schedule for the Export Control Reform Initiative as well as provide an update on the current status of the ECR Initiative, including advances made in Phases I and II. It will provide insight into the proposed changes to the USML and the CCL and will discuss the proposed IT system modernization and the Export Enforcement Coordination Center (E2C2).

Cook, J.; Cook, K.

80

Space Station: Status of financial reserves. Report to the Chair, Government Activities and Transportation Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The information on the financial reserves available to offset risks associated with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Space Station Freedom program is provided to Government Activities and Transportation Subcommittee of Committee on Government Operations House of Representatives, as requested. To obtain the information of the financial reserves NASA maintains in the space station program, NASA Headquarters officials in the Controller and Space Station program offices were interviewed. Financial and program documents related to the level of financial reserves in the program and the uses of those reserved to fund additional program requirements were reviewed. The review was conducted from March to July 1992 in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. As requested, written agency comments on this report was not obtained, but the reviews of responsible NASA officials were obtained to consider in preparing this report.

Degnan, Frank; Zadjura, Mona M.; Crocker, William W.; Berry, James D., Jr.

1992-07-01

81

The Financial Performance of Australian Government Trading Enterprises Pre and Post-Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1990s there were several measures introduced to improve the efficiency and financial performance of government trading enterprises in Australia. The purpose of this paper is to discover whether there has been any change in the financial performance of government trading enterprises operating in electricity, gas, water, railways and ports industries as a result of these changes. There does

Joanne Loundes

2001-01-01

82

A Governance Reform Proposal: Improving Bus Transit Operations in Los Angeles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines key governing issues related to Los Angeles transit operations. The study uses empirical data from the National Transit Database and personal interviews conducted with transit agency officials. Based on technical analysis and evaluation, the authors call for empowering council of governments and small cities to address interagency\\/intersector coordination and political equity issues, downsizing the Los Angeles County

Xueming Chen; Nelson Wikstrom

2009-01-01

83

Housing  

MedlinePLUS

... Homeless Assistance programs. For more information on housing programs, see HUD’s Online Library . Taking Care Of Yourself Doctor, Clinic, & Dental Visits Treatment Adherence Mental Health Substance Abuse Issues Sexual Health Nutrition & Food Safety Exercise Immunizations Aging With HIV ...

84

Prison Reform: How Can the Federal Government Reform Prisons and Jails in the United States? National Debate Topic for High Schools, 1989-1990. Pursuant to Public Law 88-246.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document compiles materials and bibliographic references to assist national high school debaters in researching the 1989-1990 topic, "How Can the Federal Government Reform Prisons and Jails in the United States?" Materials are organized into a section of general materials and around each of three official debate propositions within the topic:…

Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.

85

Publications Relating to the 1989-90 High School Debate Topic--Resolved: Prison Reform: How Can the Federal Government Reform Prisons and Jails in the United States? Subject Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography lists 15 selections available from the U.S. Government Printing Office which relate to the 1989-90 high school debate topic of prison reform. The selections were all published during the 1980s. Prices are listed in the bibliography, and an order form is provided. (NKA)

United States Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

86

Nursing Home Reform and House Bill 2019: past, present, and future.  

PubMed

On May 25, 2000, in the wake of the scandal at the Oklahoma State Department of Health related to corruption on the inspection of nursing homes and assisted living facilities, the Oklahoma State Legislature passed House Bill 2019 (HB 2019). Known as the Oklahoma 2001 Healthcare Initiative, HB 2019 has as one of its main purposes the improvement of the public health care system (i.e. Medicaid) in the state through the provision of increased health services and benefits, especially to residents (Medicaid and non-Medicaid) in nursing homes. This article will review and discuss the past, present, and future implications of HB 2019 both on the care delivered to nursing home residents and on the providers of that care. PMID:12596436

Winn, Peter; Cross, Laura; Root, Jean

2002-12-01

87

Space Shuttle: Status of advanced solid rocket motor program. Report to the Chair, Subcommittee on Government Activities and Transportation, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advanced Solid Rocket Motor is one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) most expensive and controversial programs. Two reusable solid rocket motors are attached to the Space Shuttle to provide most of the thrust needed to lift it into orbit. The advanced motor is being designed to replace the current motor, which is a redesigned version of the motor that caused the January 1986 Challenger accident. The Chair of the Subcommittee on Government Activities and Transportation, House Committee on Government Operations, requested that GAO review the program's status. The specific objectives were to: (1) assess the extent to which the need for the program has changed; and (2) determine the reasons for cost growth and schedule slippage.

1992-11-01

88

State and Local Level Special Education Programs That Work and Federal Barriers to Innovation. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform about state and local level special education programs that work and federal barriers to innovation as part of efforts to reform the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Highlights of the testimony include: (1) progress in New York in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

89

The Reauthorization of the Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Commitee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (February 28, 2002).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing was held to discuss the reauthorization of the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI) of the U.S. Department of Education, focusing on H.R. 4875, which was introduced in 2000 to reform OERI and institutionalize new standards of quality. H.R. 4875, approved by the House Subcommittee on Education Reform, serves as the…

2002

90

Local School Council Governance: The Third Year of Chicago School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report proposes a new framework for understanding the different governance approaches taken by Local School Councils (LSCs) throughout the Chicago Public Schools, based on data collected during the 1991-92 school year. Meeting supervisors covered 155 council meetings at 14 randomly selected, representative schools, and interviewed principals,…

Easton, John Q.; And Others

91

Dissension over regional services councils: The stances of opposition groupings to local government reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of the devolution of power from central to regional and local levels is gaining popularity across a wide front as a point of departure ? a rudimentary strategy ? to conceptualise ways in which South African society can be transformed. The South African government has contributed to this exercise by launching a process of establishing Regional Services Councils,

Simon Bekker; Garth LePere; Mary Tomlirtson

1986-01-01

92

Shaping Health Reform: State Government Influence in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has significant implications for state governments and its passage presents an opportunity to contribute to inquiries into ways that state officials wield influence in the national legislative process. State officials were occasionally influential when they drew on state experience and expertise and congress members were willing to benefit from this knowledge. State officials

John Dinan

2011-01-01

93

Koizumi's 'Small Government' and Japan Post's Privatization: Political Reform without Substance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In April 2005, the Koizumi cabinet submitted a bill to the Japanese Diet that generated great debate within the Japanese government and the public alike. The bill called for the privatization of Japan Post, which is the main body of the Japanese postal se...

I. Wakugawa

2005-01-01

94

Optimal Structural Reform in Australian Local Government: An Empirical Analysis of Economies of Scale by Council Function in New South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Amalgamation has always been the preferred means of improving the operational efficiency of Australian local government through structural reform. However, its implicit assumption that ‘bigger is better’ has scant empirical support, especially regarding the question of economies of scale. This article considers the results of a survey of general managers in New South Wales that sought to solicit opinion on

Brian Dollery; Joel Byrnes; Percy Allan

2007-01-01

95

75 FR 80335 - Federal Government Participation in the Automated Clearing House  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...advocacy groups, industry associations, the Senate Committee on Finance and the House Committee on Ways and Means. Most commenters...Regulatory Planning and Review The Office of Management and Budget (OMB)'s Office of Information and Regulatory...

2010-12-22

96

Government public housing health needs assessment: focus on race, ethnicity, and the older adult: background, methods, and demographics.  

PubMed

St. Vincent's Catholic Medical Centers of New York initiated a study in 2009 to assess the health needs of residents of New York City (NYC) municipal housing at the Robert Fulton public housing complex in Manhattan. The aim of this project was to provide valid data on perceived health services needs of the residents of a NYC housing project. These data may also be used to support hospital and community collaborative strategic decisions for developing resident-appropriate health and social services and would be valuable for use in formulating policies and programs by other interested nonprofit health and social services organizations and government. We designed a 28-item instrument and pilot tested it with our research team and members of the population under study. The English and Spanish surveys were designed as an in-person surveyor-administered instruments addressing four domains: demographics, access and barriers to health care services, risk behaviors, and perceived health needs. The sampling was an apartment-level stratified random sampling. A 20%, 188 apartment sample was drawn from the population of 944 housing units. Our response rate was 92% (173/188 apartments). Background methods, and demographic results are reported in this article. A second article will report on the needs assessment results. PMID:23930518

Lascher, Steven; Tasir-Rodriguez, Wesley; Moon, Grace; Irizzary, Maria; Baney, Matthew; Kellogg, F Russell

2013-01-01

97

Analysis of government investment in primary healthcare institutions to promote equity during the three-year health reform program in China  

PubMed Central

Background The World Health Report 2000 stated that increased public financing for healthcare was an integral part of the efforts to achieve equity of access. In 2009, the Chinese government launched a three-year health reform program to achieve equity of access. Through this reform program, the government intended to increase its investment in primary healthcare institutions (PHIs). However, reports about the outcome and the improvement of the equity of access have yet to be presented. Methods Stratified sampling was employed in this research. The samples used for the study comprised 34 community health service centers (CHSCs) and 92 township hospitals (THs) from six provinces of China. Collected data, which were publicly available, consisted of the total revenue, financial revenue, and the number of people for the periods covering January 2010 to September 2010 and January 2011 to September 2011. Revenue information for 2009 and 2010 was obtained from China’s Health Statistics Yearbook. By using indicators such as government investment, government finance proportion and per capita revenue, t-tests for paired and independent samples were used to analyze the changes in government investment. Results Government invest large amount of money to the primary healthcare institutions. Government finance proportion in 2008 was 18.2%. This percentage increased to 38.84% in 2011, indicating statistical significance (p?=?0.000) between 2010 and 2011. The per capita financial input was 20.92 yuan in 2010 and 31.10 yuan in 2011. Compared with the figures from 2008 to 2010, the gap in different health sectors narrowed in 2011, and differences emerged. The government finance proportion in CHSCs revenue was 6.9% higher than that of THs, while the per capita revenue of CHSCs was higher. In 2011, the highest and lowest government finance proportions were 48.80% (Shaanxi) and 19.36% (Shandong), respectively. In that same year, the per capita revenue of Shaanxi (40.69 Yuan) was higher than that of Liaoning (28.79 Yuan). Comparing the 2011 figures with those from 2008 to 2010, the gap in 2011 clearly narrowed. Conclusion In the three-year health reform program, the Chinese government increased its investment to PHIs gradually and significantly. Thus promote equity to access and universal coverage. However, the increase in government investment stemmed from political desire and from the lack of institutionalization of practice and experience. Hence, a mode of financial allocation must be formulated to promote consistency in government input after the three-year health reform program.

2013-01-01

98

Contrasting Visions for Aid and Governance in the 21st Century: The White House Millennium Challenge Account and DFID’s Drivers of Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governance is becoming increasingly important in development and poverty reduction. However, the forms and methods by which it is to be incorporated into donor programmes are only emerging at present. In this paper, we contrast two very different approaches- the White House led Millennium Challenge Account and DFID's Drivers of Change Approach- to analysing governance, compare their theoretical underpinnings and

David Hulme

2009-01-01

99

House of Lords Bill  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On January 19, 1999, Tony Blair's government announced the most radical restructuring of the House of Lords, the UK's second chamber, in its 600-year existence. Honoring the Labour Party election manifesto, the Bill will remove all 759 hereditary peers, those with an automatic right to sit by virtue of birthright, within the year. In the meantime, a Royal Commission will formulate proposals for a new upper house and issue a report by December 31, 1999. A fully reformed chamber is expected to be in place by 2002, and in the meantime, publicly nominated "People's Peers" may sit in the Lords in addition to the politically appointed Life Peers. The full text of the Bill as it was introduced in the House of Commons is available at the site.

1999-01-01

100

25 CFR 256.25 - Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement Program? 256.25...dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement Program? Yes. You may receive services under the Housing Improvement Program if...

2010-04-01

101

25 CFR 256.25 - Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement Program? 256.25...dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement Program? Yes. You may receive services under the Housing Improvement Program if...

2009-04-01

102

25 CFR 256.25 - Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement Program? 256.25...dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement Program? Yes. You may receive services under the Housing Improvement Program if...

2013-04-01

103

Getting Our Own House in Order: Improving Psychiatry Education to Medical Students as a Prelude to Medical School Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors summarize efforts to revitalize psychiatry teaching to medical students at Harvard Medical School (HMS) in advance of a major overhaul of the medical school curriculum. Methods: This preliminary report chronicles key challenges and the organization of the reform effort within the departments of psychiatry affiliated with the…

Alpert, Jonathan E.; Schlozman, Steve; Badaracco, Mary Anne; Burke, Jay; Borus, Jonathan F.

2006-01-01

104

Civil Rights Enforcement By the Department of Education. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This transcript from hearings before the House Committee on Government Operations focuses on civil rights enforcement at State colleges and universities by the Department of Education. The questions and testimony centered around the following questions: (1) why had the department delayed enforcement in cases where violations of civil rights were…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

105

Measuring Success: Using Assessments and Accountability To Raise Student Achievement. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Subcommittee on Education Reform of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce met to hear testimony on using assessments and accountability to raise student achievement. Statements were given by: (1) Major Owens, Congressman from New York; (2) Michael Castle, Congressman from Delaware, Committee Chairman; (3) Edward B. Rust, Jr.,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

106

Ensuring Educational Opportunity for Minority Children. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (Lexington, Kentucky, May 1, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing before the Subcommittee on Educational Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives, which was held in Lexington, Kentucky, focused on ensuring equal educational opportunities for minority group children. After opening statements by Chairman Michael Castle and Congressman Ernest L. Fletcher, both of…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

107

Spontaneous Structural Reform in Australian Local Government: the case of the Gilgandra Cooperative Model in New South Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dire financial constraints and the threats of forced structural reform have had the unforeseen effect of forcing municipal councils across Australia to reconsider their operational activities and organisational arrangements. With considerable ingenuity, numerous municipalities have proposed and sometimes adopted new structural formations that embody various forms of co-operative service provision. This remarkable development has unfortunately been largely ignored in the

Brian Dollery; Warrick Moppett; Lin Crase

2006-01-01

108

Governing "Suzhi" and Curriculum Reform in Rural Ethnic China: Viewpoints from the Miao and Dong Communities in Qiandongnan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the uptake of "suzhi"--roughly glossed as "quality"--in China's recent curriculum reform called "suzhi jiaoyu" (Education for Quality) in the rural ethnic context of Qiandongnan. It engages with three layers of analysis. First is a brief etymological overview of "suzhi" to map out its cultural politics in contemporary China.…

Wu, Jinting

2012-01-01

109

Economic Governance Reform and Financial Stabilization in the EU and in the Eurosystem – Treaty-Based and Intergovernmental Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The institutional framework and the tools for economic governance provided by the Treaty of Lisbon were inadequate for preventing or resolving the recent banking and sovereign debt crisis in the EU. For instance, the Treaty did not provide any instruments for stabilizing euro area finances, and the existing economic governance instruments, such as the Stability and Growth Pact or the

Sylvia Gloggnitzer; Isabella Lindner

2011-01-01

110

Impact of IRAQI invasion on United States energy and economic security. Hearing before the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second session  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the Hearing before the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session, September 5, 1990 on the Impact of Iraqi Invasion on United States Energy and Economic Security. This hearing examines the long-term economic and energy security of the United States in relation to the Persian Gulf crisis and how to reduce our dangerous reliance on an unstable energy supply.

NONE

1997-12-31

111

Public Sector Reform and Governance for Adaptation: Implications of New Public Management for Adaptive Capacity in Mexico and Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although many governments are assuming the responsibility of initiating adaptation policy in relation to climate change, the\\u000a compatibility of “governance-for-adaptation” with the current paradigms of public administration has generally been overlooked.\\u000a Over the last several decades, countries around the globe have embraced variants of the philosophy of administration broadly\\u000a called “New Public Management” (NPM) in an effort to improve administrative

Hallie EakinSiri; Siri Eriksen; Per-Ove Eikeland; Cecilie Øyen

2011-01-01

112

Right now, committees in the House and Senate continue to hammer out their reform proposals. That work will continue in July, with bills expected to hit the House and Senate floors before the August break. If this ambitious timeline can be met, House and Senate negotiators will work in August to resolve differences between the bills passed in each body and Congress will vote on the final package in September. Things are moving fast in Washington these days and everything is subject to change. Here's a snapshot of where we stand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Last week, the three House Committees responsible for reform legislation unveiled a reform package they estimate will cover 95% of the uninsured and bring down costs for the entire country. (The committees are: Energy & Commerce, Ways & Means, and Education & Labor.) The proposal is being discussed in hearings this week before the committees begin their formal consideration of

113

The Design of Reform Packages under Uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present a model of large-scale economic reforms, modeled on the transition process in Eastern Europe, with aggregate and individual uncertainty concerning the outcome of reforms. The government is assumed to choose the speed and sequencing of reforms. The authors compare big-bang strategies with gradualist reform packages. They show that gradualist reform packages may be easier to get started,

Mathias Dewatripont

1995-01-01

114

Notes from the laboratories of democracy: state government enactments of market- and state-based health insurance reforms in the 1990s.  

PubMed

We identify two policy strategies that state governments pursue to reduce uninsurance, and we classify policies as being either state based or market based. The two policy strategies are distinguished by whether states rely on the institutional capabilities of the state or market processes to provide insurance. We develop and test models to explain states' adoptions of each type of policy. Using Poisson regression, we evaluate hypotheses suggested by the two strategies with data from U.S. states in the 1990s. The results indicate that institutionally more-capable state governments with strong liberal-party presence in the legislature adopt more state-based policies and fewer market-based policies. By contrast, the model of market-based, business-targeted reforms reveals that government capability plays a smaller role. Instead, these policies are driven by economic affluence, political competition, higher incomes, greater uninsurance, and more previous attempts to address the uninsurance problem. These findings reveal distinct institutional, partisan, electoral and demographic influences that shape state-based and market-based strategies. First, policy choices can be driven by the presence or absence of state capability. The domain of feasible policy choices open to states with institutional capability may be decidedly different than that available to states with fewer institutional resources. Second, while market-based policy approaches may be the most feasible politically, they may be the least successful in remedying practical uninsurance issues. These results thus reveal that institutional characteristics of states create an important foundation for policy choice and policy success or failure. These results would suggest that the national government's strategy of pursuing market-based solutions to the problem will not result in its being solved. PMID:17639016

Barrilleaux, Charles; Brace, Paul

2007-08-01

115

Putting the Pieces Together: Toward a Comprehensive Program of Social Reform (Reformulating Our Approaches to School Governance).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic tenets of citizen control of education at state and local levels are well established historically and remain intact after three centuries of U.S. educational experience. This paper advocates substantial change in the structure and management of local governments. Too many change proposals are cosmetic. Kentucky and Memphis-Shelby County are…

Cunningham, Luvern L.

1991-01-01

116

Black Social Capital: The Politics of School Reform in Baltimore, 1986-1998. Studies in Government and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the interplay between government and society, analyzing the social capital both within the African American community and outside it, where social capital crosses racial lines. It shows that while Black social capital may have created solidarity against White domination in Baltimore, it hampered African American leaders'…

Orr, Marion

117

The Balance between Teaching and Research in Dutch and English Universities in the Context of University Governance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency, effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we…

Leisyte, Liudvika; Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry

2009-01-01

118

Trade Liberalization Turns into Regulatory Reform: The Impact on Business-Government Relations in International Trade Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business-government relations on trade issues are generally characterized as protectionist lobbying or – less often – lobbying for the liberalization of markets. However, with the evolution of the trading system, negotiations today concern not just market opening, but also the regulatory frameworks that structure international trade. This transformation has important consequences for the ways in which private interests can contribute

Alvaro Artigas; Cornelia Woll

2007-01-01

119

The balance between teaching and research in Dutch and English universities in the context of university governance reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their\\u000a institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency,\\u000a effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we ask the question of what\\u000a the consequences of these changing institutional environments are for

Liudvika Leisyte; Jürgen Enders; Harry de Boer

2009-01-01

120

Understanding Economic Policy Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the eventual consequences of the global debt crisis was a wave of market-oriented economic reforms. This paper discusses the state of our knowledge on the political economy of this process. Why were inefficient, and often unsustainable policies maintained for so long? Why are so many governments reforming now, after decades of adherence to policies of an opposite kind?

Dani Rodrik

1996-01-01

121

Teacher Education Reforms in Albania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on insights from Albanian teacher educators and government representatives, this paper examines processes of change and types of reform (modernization, structural, and systemic reform) in Albania. It also discusses the initial implementation of one of the reforms, which was directed at the balance and role of school experiences, analyzing…

Whitehead, Joan

2000-01-01

122

Myths of competitive reform.  

PubMed

During the 1980s, private economists and government policy-makers promoted market competition as a means of controlling costs and improving quality in the health services industry. However, inflation-adjusted costs rose faster during the 1980s than during the 1970s, and most of the expected benefits were not realized. Competitive reform failed because government and private payors were unwilling or unable to force providers to compete primarily on price and quality. Despite its failure to control costs, competitive reform has created a "mythology" that continues to influence health policy to the detriment of effective reform. PMID:2004913

Higgins, W

1991-01-01

123

Proprietary Vocational Schools. Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations: House of Representatives, Ninety-Third Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Special Studies Subcommittee, conducting an inquiry into proprietary vocational schools, explored ways to limit the misuse of vocational training, to minimize the waste of government funds, and to correct the abuses of misleading advertising, unethical recruiting, and the acceptance of unqualified students. Statements, presented or submitted,…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

124

Electronic government paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a well known fact that the core concepts and techniques of putting government on-line first emerged in the most technological advanced countries and they were the pioneers in the adoption of the Internet and the e-government has become a prominent strategy for government administrative reform and can potentially increase the quality of government services, generate financial savings, and

Cyril E. Azenabor; Charles A. Shoniregun

2008-01-01

125

Estimating the Effect of Student Aid on College Enrollment: Evidence from a Government Grant Policy Reform. NBER Working Paper No. 14535  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we investigate the responsiveness of the demand for college to changes in student aid arising from a Danish reform. We separately identify the effect of aid from that of other observed and unobserved variables such as parental income. We exploit the combination of a kinked aid scheme and a reform of the student aid scheme to…

Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Sorensen, Torben; Taber, Christopher R.

2008-01-01

126

Pour une Meilleure Gouvernance Comme Fondement de la Reforme de la Fonction Publique en Afrique au Sud du Sahara (Governance Approach to Civil Service Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Inefficient civil service administrations are jeopardizing future development in many African countries. The reforms suggested in this paper would make these administrations more accountable, enforce the rule of law, and reward bureaucrats only for their ...

M. Dia

1993-01-01

127

Leadership Lessons from Comprehensive School Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume explores the role of leadership in comprehensive school reform (CSR). It consists of 12 chapters: (1) "The Development of Comprehensive School Reform" (Joseph Murphy and Amanda Datnow); (2) "Expeditionary Learning Schools: Tenacity, Leadership, and School Reform" (Greg Farrell); (3) "The Modern Red School House: Leadership in…

Murphy, Joseph, Ed.; Datnow, Amanda, Ed.

128

Amending the Mineral Lands Leasing Act of 1920 to reform the onshore oil and gas leasing program. Report together with Dissenting and Additional Views, House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session, October 15, 1987  

SciTech Connect

This report, together with dissenting and additional views, was to accompany H.R. 2851, whose purpose is to provide for the orderly exploration and development of the Nation's onshore oil and gas resources. The Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs believes the problems that have plagued the federal onshore oil and gas leasing system can be addressed only through a comprehensive reform of the current program. The legislation seeks to address these problems by requiring that all lands available for leasing be first subjected to competitive leasing. A section-by-section analysis of the act, known as the Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 is presented. On September 23, 1987 the above committee passed H.R. 2851. In the dissenting views, summarized by Rep. Dick Cheney, 12 congressmen go on record as opposing H.R. 2851 and stating they will move the defeat the bill on the House Floor. Rather than reform, they feel the bill will cripple the system by making it too difficult to obtain a lease.

Not Available

1987-01-01

129

In Egypt, Grand Plans Meet Harsh Realities: As the Government Prepares Reforms for Higher Education, Scholars Worry that Academic Freedom Will Not Improve  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite governmental efforts to reform higher education in Egypt, faculty and students are concerned that academic freedom will remain limited. This article discusses censorship, funding, overcrowding, corruption, and mismanagement in public Egyptian universities.

Zoepf, Katherine

2005-01-01

130

Reforming science: structural reforms.  

PubMed

Science has a critical role to play in addressing humanity's most important challenges in the twenty-first century. However, the contemporary scientific enterprise has developed in ways that prevent it from reaching maximum effectiveness and detract from the appeal of a research career. To be effective, the methodological and culture reforms discussed in the accompanying essay must be accompanied by fundamental structural reforms that include a renewed vigorous societal investment in science and scientists. PMID:22184420

Fang, Ferric C; Casadevall, Arturo

2012-03-01

131

Reforming Science: Structural Reforms  

PubMed Central

Science has a critical role to play in addressing humanity's most important challenges in the twenty-first century. However, the contemporary scientific enterprise has developed in ways that prevent it from reaching maximum effectiveness and detract from the appeal of a research career. To be effective, the methodological and culture reforms discussed in the accompanying essay must be accompanied by fundamental structural reforms that include a renewed vigorous societal investment in science and scientists.

2012-01-01

132

Managing the Federal Direct Student Loan Program. Hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session (June 10, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The House Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations met to hear testimony from leaders in government and higher education on managing the federal direct student loan program. Focus was on the Department of Education's plans to correct existing management problems of the Guaranteed Student Loan Program and implement the…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

133

Accountability of Educational Institutions for Federal Funds and the Effectiveness of Federal Audits. Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, First Session. (July 17, 18, and 19, 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hearings of the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Government Operations on how educational institutions that receive federal grants and contracts for health research and other restricted purposes account for the use of the funds are presented. The hearings also examined the quality and effectiveness of federal financial audits, which are…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

134

Job Training Reform Amendments of 1992. Conference Report To Accompany H.R. 3033. House of Representatives, 102d Congress, 2d Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference report accompanying H.R. 3033 includes the Job Training Reform Amendments of 1992. This amendment to the Job Training Partnership Act improves the delivery of services to hard-to-serve youth and adults. There are seven sections in this report: (1) Job Training Partnership Requirements--general provisions, service delivery system,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House.

135

Welfare Reform. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the testimony and submissions presented at one of a series of hearings on welfare reform and reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The statement by Cynthia M. Fagnoni, managing director of education, workforce, and income security issues at the U.S. General Accounting Office, assesses…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

136

Family Welfare Reform Act of 1987. House of Representatives, 100th Congress, 1st Session Report Together with Additional and Dissenting Views to Accompany H.R. 1720.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report recommends that the Social Security Act Title XIX be amended to include a 24-month extension of Medicaid to families who become ineligible for cash assistance under the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program. This amendment accompanies the Family Welfare Reform Act of 1987 (H.R. 1720), which is proposed to replace the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

137

The struggle for abortion law reform in Thailand.  

PubMed

In Thailand abortion is against the law except in cases of risk to a woman's health or if the pregnancy is the result of rape or other sexual crimes. This paper presents an overview of the history of the abortion debate in Thailand based upon research conducted from 1997-2001 for an ethnographic and historical study. Information was taken from media reports from 1950 in the Thai and English language press, a review of parliamentary records and interviews with 10 key informants. The debate over legal reform started in 1973. A reform bill was passed in 1981 in the House of Representatives but defeated in the Senate, primarily due to the lobbying efforts of Chamlong Srimuang, the leader of a broad-based religious coalition, who has been central in the anti-reform movement since then. The current democratically elected government in Thailand offers the best hope yet for reform, though abortion remains a politically sensitive issue, sensationalized in the press to counter reform efforts. A new advocacy network has recently been formed, including a range of women's organisations, public health advocates, academics and journalists. Current proposals from governmental and medical profession bodies may make abortions available to some women, but most, who seek abortions due to socio-economic and family planning reasons, will continue to have to find abortions by whatever means they can. PMID:12369331

Whittaker, Andrea

2002-05-01

138

Education Finance Reform in Tennessee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Improvement Act instigated funding allocation reform, equalization and equity, system accountability, systemwide report cards, value-added assessment, and governance reform. The most dissatisfied educators are those in large, wealthier urban systems. Horizontal equity, accountability, and test results have improved throughout the…

Green, Harry A.

1999-01-01

139

Power Sector Reforms in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power sector reforms in India were initiated in the face of mounting commercial losses due to poor fiscal health of State Utilities, endemic capacity and energy shortages and increasing subsidy burden on the states. Investment in the sector was falling far short of demand in power supply. The Government of India, in 1991 embarked upon an ambitious program for reforming

Harbans L. Bajaj; D. Sharma

2006-01-01

140

Housing renewal policies, house prices and urban competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a growing emphasis in housing policy and its impacts on sub-regional economies. Yet the arguments linking housing and economic competitiveness are typically described in very general terms. First of all, this paper is based on research providing a spatial picture of house prices utilising housing data from the UK government's Land Registry and presenting key findings from

Xin Liu

2010-01-01

141

Hatch Act Reform - Unresolved Questions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In recent years the Congress has considered several bills to reform the Hatch Act prohibiting Government employees from participating in partisan political activity. Generally, these bills would have reduced the restriction on partisan political activity ...

1979-01-01

142

Pension reform in Hungary : a preliminary assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hungary is entering the fourth year of a multi-pillar pension reform that has proved popular among workers despite initially lukewarm support from the government that succeeded the reforming government, and despite the poor initial performance of capital markets because of Russia's crisis in 1998. Roughly half the labor force joined the new system voluntarily. Most who switched were younger than

Roberto Rocha; Dimitri Vittas

2001-01-01

143

Reformer Fuel Injector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Today's form of jet engine power comes from what is called a gas turbine engine. This engine is on average 14% efficient and emits great quantities of green house gas carbon dioxide and air pollutants, Le. nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides. The alternate method being researched involves a reformer and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Reformers are becoming a popular area of research within the industry scale. NASA Glenn Research Center's approach is based on modifying the large aspects of industry reforming processes into a smaller jet fuel reformer. This process must not only be scaled down in size, but also decrease in weight and increase in efficiency. In comparison to today's method, the Jet A fuel reformer will be more efficient as well as reduce the amount of air pollutants discharged. The intent is to develop a 10kW process that can be used to satisfy the needs of commercial jet engines. Presently, commercial jets use Jet-A fuel, which is a kerosene based hydrocarbon fuel. Hydrocarbon fuels cannot be directly fed into a SOFC for the reason that the high temperature causes it to decompose into solid carbon and Hz. A reforming process converts fuel into hydrogen and supplies it to a fuel cell for power, as well as eliminating sulfur compounds. The SOFC produces electricity by converting H2 and CO2. The reformer contains a catalyst which is used to speed up the reaction rate and overall conversion. An outside company will perform a catalyst screening with our baseline Jet-A fuel to determine the most durable catalyst for this application. Our project team is focusing on the overall research of the reforming process. Eventually we will do a component evaluation on the different reformer designs and catalysts. The current status of the project is the completion of buildup in the test rig and check outs on all equipment and electronic signals to our data system. The objective is to test various reformer designs and catalysts in our test rig to determine the most efficient configuration to incorporate into the specific compact jet he1 reformer test rig. Additional information is included in the original extended abstract.

Suder, Jennifer L.

2004-01-01

144

Ecuador's silent health reform.  

PubMed

Health sector reform was implemented in many Latin American countries in the 1980s and 1990s, leading to reduced public expenditure on health, limitations on public provision for disease control, and a minimum package of services, with concomitant growth of the private sector. At first sight, Ecuador appeared to follow a different pattern: no formal reform was implemented, despite many plans to reform the Ministry of Health and social health insurance. The authors conducted an in-depth review and analysis of published and gray literature on the Ecuadorian health sector from 1990 onward. They found that although neoliberal reform of the health sector was not openly implemented, many of its typical elements are present: severe reduction of public budgets, "universal" health insurance with limited coverage for targeted groups, and contracting out to private providers. The health sector remains segmented and fragmented, explaining the population's poor health status. The leftist Correa government has prepared an excellent long-term plan to unite services of the Ministry of Health and social security, but implementation is extremely slow. In conclusion, the health sector in Ecuador suffered a "silent" neoliberal reform. President Correa's progressive government intends to reverse this, increasing public budgets for health, but hesitates to introduce needed radical changes. PMID:22611652

De Paepe, Pierre; Echeverría Tapia, Ramiro; Aguilar Santacruz, Edison; Unger, Jean-Pierre

2012-01-01

145

MEASURING EFFICIENCY IN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS' PLANNING AND REGULATORY FUNCTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public sector reform has now become an established dimension of policymaking in many developed countries, including Australia. Although the ongoing program of public sector reform is Australia has focused mainly on the Commonwealth government and some state governments, especially Victoria, it is now being applied to local government. Key aspects of this process have been administrative reforms (compulsory competitive tendering

ANDREW C. WORTHINGTON; BRIAN E. DOLLERY

2000-01-01

146

GOVERNANCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: CHANGES AND CHALLENGES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the issue of governance in the process of economic development. The paper first provides a literature review on the various arguments regarding the role of government in promoting economic development and the major issues emphasized in recent government reform projects. The paper then focuses on three major policy changes and reforms that are related to the area

Kuotsai Tom Liou

2001-01-01

147

Reformers and Reform: Towards Free Public Libraries in Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Victorian Free Library Service Board Act" of 1946 was the culmination of a long campaign to replace the mechanics' institute model of library provision with free libraries funded by state and local government. Given that library reform required legislation by the state government, this paper is mainly concerned with the political campaign…

Barker, Donald

2007-01-01

148

NASA Property: Improving Management of Government Equipment Provided to Contractors. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, House of Representatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NASA has provided billions of dollars of government-owned personal property to its contractors for use on research and development, production, and service contracts. The value of government personal property, especially general purpose equipment, provide...

1993-01-01

149

Consumer Preferences in Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study uses both statistical data and informed expert opinion to identify consumer preference changes in housing. Possible benefits for government agencies, private industry and consumers from more complete information on consumer preferences are ident...

1973-01-01

150

Administration of the AFDC Program; Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Fifth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this text of hearings held before a congressional committee on the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program are statements from a number of specialists regarding the administration of public assistance, and relevant information on low income families. Specific data and the more general theory of social welfare and reform are…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

151

Accounting Innovations in the Public Sector - A comparative analysis of the accrual accounting reform process in the Swedish and Finnish local governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition from cash accounting to accrual accounting has been a trend in the public sector in many countries during the last two decades. In Sweden this movement started in the mid 1980s and it is a process still at work. In Finland both the local and central government adopted accrual accounting during the latter half of the 1990s. The

Ola Mattisson; Salme Näsi; Torbjörn Tagesson

152

Housing for Migrant Agricultural Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist the producer in meeting the housing regulations of Federal, state, and local governments for migratory workers and thereby to attract better labor through adequate housing, this agricultural handbook contains discussions of the migrant-labor situation; regulations and standards; general housing considerations (i.e., length of…

Simons, J. W.; And Others

153

Statement of Carol E. Dinkins, Deputy Attorney General, before the Committee on Government Operations, Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture, House of Representatives Concerning Freedom of Information Act Amendments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In considering the purposes of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), it is essential to keep in mind that the Act is not, and never could be, a statute with the singleminded purpose of disclosing government information. Many kinds of information that the government has in its possession must be kept confidential to protect important public…

Dinkins, Carol E.

154

Financing local government in Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hungary has undertaken a bold and far-ranging reform of its system of subnational finances. This paper outlines the changes introduced in the system of local finance as a result of the 1990 Local Self-Government Act, and the 1990 Act on Local Taxes and provides a preliminary assessment of their implications as well as the need for further reform. These Acts,

Richard Bird; Christine Wallich

1992-01-01

155

Meeting the Need for Child Care: Problems and Progress. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A hearing was held to identify problems and assess progress in the provision of affordable, high quality child care. Testimony concerned: (1) problems working parents have had in providing care for their young children; (2) day care initiatives and needs in California; (3) ways in which San Mateo County used its housing and community development…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

156

Distributed Leadership for ICT Reform in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines distributed leadership in Information Communication Technology reform in a government school in Singapore. The study adopts a naturalistic inquiry approach, drawing upon a case study of the aforementioned school for much of its data. The study found that leadership for Information Communication Technology reform is distributed…

Ng, David; Ho, Jeanne

2012-01-01

157

Emerging Issues in Educational Reform in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the demand-supply continuum to look at emerging reforms in the Japanese educational system. Data from fieldwork in major urban districts and their prefectures in Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo highlight demand-driven reform (higher education restructuring), integrated governance (mediating demand and supply at the K-12 levels), and ongoing…

Wong, Kenneth K.

2003-01-01

158

Federal Habeas Corpus Reform: The State's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizing a national survey of assistant state attorneys general, this article examines the effects of the Rehnquist Court's judicially initiated habeas corpus reforms upon the justice system. Although the Court's initiatives were directed at the branch of government about which the justices presumably possess their greatest knowledge and expertise, the reforms generated unanticipated consequences. Contrary to the justices' goal of

Christopher E. Smith

1995-01-01

159

Higher Education Reforms in the Slovak Republic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early steps in the higher education reform process in the Slovak Republic since 1989 are outlined, difficulties are noted, and suggestions for possible forms of encouragement are listed. Suggestions focus on international cooperation, particularly within the European Community, interinstitutional collaboration, and internal reforms in governance,…

Pisut, Jan

1993-01-01

160

Primary care reform: a three country comparison of `budget holding'  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments in most developed nations have been looking to organisational and financial reform of health systems over the last decade. Although the structure and problems of the health care sector in each country may differ, with countries correspondingly adopting different reform agendas, there has been some element of commonality in reforms: that of (managed) competition. Of particular importance in such

Paula Wilton; Richard D. Smith

1998-01-01

161

Gender Politics in 21st Century Literacy Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2001 to 2004 Education Queensland undertook significant literacy reform in schools through the Literate Futures Project. Research into the impact of this reform has revealed that significant demands were placed on women at all levels, from those producing resources to those leading change within schools. Although the reform was a government

Bishop, Kay

2013-01-01

162

Affordable Housing: Local Techniques That Work.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The findings of five recent housing cost demonstration projects indicate that local governments can significantly reduce single - family housing production costs by providing flexibility in development codes and decreasing the processing time required to ...

1981-01-01

163

Economic Analysis of the Proposed Rental Housing Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Housing Economics has prepared an economic analysis of HUD's proposed rental housing program. The costs and benefits of the proposed program are systematically compared to existing government assisted housing programs as well as to conventional financing....

1973-01-01

164

Medicare and Medicaid Reform: Protecting the Aged and Indigent in Texas. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (El Paso, TX).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testimonies and related materials from a Congressional hearing on Medicare and Medicaid reform are presented. Chairman Mike Synar's opening remarks deal with the need to maintain quality health care and access to care in the era of such cost containment policies as Diagnostic Related Groups. The chairman calls for reform of the Medicare and…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

165

Hearing on H.R. 6: Reform Proposals for Chapter 1. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents testimony and prepared statements from witnesses who addressed the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the reform of Chapter 1. The primary question addressed at these hearings concerns how Chapter 1 can be reformed to better integrate and serve the needs of limited English-proficient students.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

166

Reforming Australia's health system, again.  

PubMed

In this article, I examine all the attempts to reform Australia's health insurance system since Medibank was introduced in 1975; there have been seven, and the eighth (which goes beyond just health insurance) is now in progress. I argue that the Rudd Labor government should take heed of history's lessons and reduce the pressure for ongoing structural reform. The lessons of history suggest that tipping the balance too far in favour of public or private insurance is not sustainable, and nor is setting the two schemes up in competition with each other. The challenge that faces the Australian Government now is to design a health system that integrates the public and private insurance schemes in a way that is economically sustainable. If it does not, major structural reforms to the health system will be needed again in the near future. PMID:20438431

Boxall, Anne-Marie

2010-05-01

167

Slab reformer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot comubstion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

Spurrier, Francis R. (Inventor); DeZubay, Egon A. (Inventor); Murray, Alexander P. (Inventor); Vidt, Edward J. (Inventor)

1984-01-01

168

Slab reformer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

Spurrier, Francis R. (Inventor); DeZubay, Egon A. (Inventor); Murray, Alexander P. (Inventor); Vidt, Edward J. (Inventor)

1985-01-01

169

Synthetic Fuels Corporation oversight. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, first session February 19, 1981  

SciTech Connect

John McAtee, Jr., General Counsel for the Synthetic Fuels Corporation (SFC), was the principal witness at a February 19, 1981 hearing to review whether the SFC is following Congressional intent. Evidence from preliminary monitoring indicates that the SFC has already deviated in the areas of salaries and fringe benefits, compliance with public meeting requirements, responses to the Ethics in Government Act, the handling of patent rights and small business involvement, and the financial support of synfuel commercialization. Mr. McAtee and other representative of SFC responded to these concerns in their statements and with other materials submitted for the record. (DCK)

Not Available

1981-01-01

170

Healthcare Reform Perspectives of Rural and Urban Hospital Leaders: Issues and Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the perspectives of rural and urban hospital leaders—administrators, physicians, and board members—regarding healthcare reform? Both groups support substantial reform in healthcare delivery. They agree that changing malpractice and tort laws is one of the leading strategies for reforming healthcare and that reform should be financed by income tax credits or a combination of employer premiums and government taxes.

Howard L. Smith

1994-01-01

171

The Unintended Consequences of New Zealand's Primary Health Care Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2001, the New Zealand government commenced a program to reform the organization of publicly funded primary care services. While there have been several positive results of this reform, including the reduction of patient co-payments and the extension of the range of primary care services, the government's program was a hastily implemented attempt to place primary care, the delivery of

Robin Gauld

2008-01-01

172

Land Reform beyond the Reformed Land: A Baseline Study of Unplanned Site Allocations in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper brings to light some of the problems deriving from not systematically using regional planning as a strategic governance tool in land reform policy. With concrete examples from land reform sites in Northeast Brazil, we argue that factors leading to suboptimal results include the lack of a suited space for planned conjunct actions as a means to propel broader

Saulo S. Souza; Elisabete A. Silva

2012-01-01

173

CAP Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter re-examines the case for reforming the Common Agricultural Policy. The health and environmental aspects of modern agriculture have been highlighted by British experience with BSE and FMD. Historically, agricultural support has been rationalised by reference to security of supply, income maintenance, or, increasingly, environmental concerns. It is argued that production price supports, the scale of which is set

Giancarlo Corsetti; John Flemming; Seppo Honkapohja; Willi Leibfritz; Gilles Saint-Paul; Hans-Werner Sinn; Xavier Vives

2002-01-01

174

Reform in the garden.  

PubMed

English gardens powered by steam engines offer an intriguing view of how technological and scientific progress was naturalized in the landscape of 19th-century Prussia, and in Prussian culture, during the early years of industrial modernization. One such garden is Peacock Island, in the Havel River near Potsdam. A product of the reform era that preceded and followed the Napoleonic Wars, it expressed the goal of Friedrich Wilhelm III and his government to enter into the British system of factory production and world trade. Modern science, as represented especially by Alexander von Humboldt, played a prominent role. PMID:12535923

Wise, M Norton; Wise, Elaine M

2002-12-01

175

Educational Reform in Thailand: Evolutionary Change and Political Impermanence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses a major educational reform effort in Thailand and examines its development in the light of frameworks suggested by House and by Berman. Internal, or organizational, factors affecting the Thai educational system as well as factors affecting the external context, or environment, are considered. The educational reform had two…

Kaewdang, Rung; Fry, Gerald

176

The Social Consequences of Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Social capital literature documents a connection between social connection and economic outcomes of interest ranging from government quality to economic growth. Popular authors suggest that housing and architecture are important determinants of social connection. This paper examines the connection between housing structure and social connection. We find that residents of large apartment buildings are more likely to be socially

Edward L. Glaeser; Bruce Sacerdote

2001-01-01

177

The Social Consequences of Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social capital literature documents a connection between social connection and economic outcomes of interest ranging from government quality to economic growth. Popular authors suggest that housing and architecture are important determinants of social connection. This paper examines the connection between housing structure and social connection. We find that residents of large apartment buildings are more likely to be socially

Edward L. Glaeser; Bruce Sacerdote

2000-01-01

178

U.S. Health reform: a continuing imperative.  

PubMed

A new political climate in the United States has raised renewed hope for achieving much needed reform of the U.S. health care system. Opposition to reform raises old arguments, however, including warnings against "big government," currently focused on proposals to include a public plan option in health reform. But greater government involvement in health care is needed to achieve comprehensive reform. Further substantial delay in achieving reform is unthinkable; success will require continued and expanded support efforts. Although a strong public plan option would represent a significant step forward, continued advocacy by proponents of single-payer health care can help strengthen broader efforts to achieve public accountability. Supporters of meaningful health reform will need to continue their efforts long past the passage of reform legislation. PMID:19783533

Keepnews, David M

2009-05-01

179

Rural Education Reform: The Consultation Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On September 10, 1996, the government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada) announced that public consultation on education reform would begin on September 16. Just prior to the first hearing, the government circulated a document entitled "Structuring the Education System: A Public Consultation Paper for Educational Change in Newfoundland and…

Mulcahy, Dennis M.

180

Educational Reform in Japan for Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the current state of affairs and reform in Japan in 2007 of the theory, policy, and practice of lifelong education. As in most countries, Japan has been talking of decentralisation in government, of giving more local autonomy to communities and of promoting individuality in education. In line with these aims, the government

Kawachi, Paul

2008-01-01

181

Educational reform in Japan for lifelong learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the current state of affairs and reform in Japan in 2007 of the theory, policy, and practice of lifelong education. As in most countries, Japan has been talking of decentralisation in government, of giving more local autonomy to communities and of promoting individuality in education. In line with these aims, the government has said it promotes lifelong

Paul Kawachi

2008-01-01

182

Governing’ nanotechnology without government?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing commercialisation of products containing nanomaterials has been accompanied by growing societal concerns. These concerns have underpinned a debate over the degree to which governments should specifically ‘govern’ or regulate nanotechnology. This paper examines the way in which the private sector is developing innovative regulatory arrangements for nanotechnology. It commences with a theoretical review of potential regulatory tools, and

Diana M Bowman; Graeme A Hodge

2008-01-01

183

Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some of the efforts of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA) to preserve, conserve, and interpret historic houses to the public. Examines the history and some of the specific preservation problems concerning the Beauport Cottage, the Sayward-Wheeler House, and the Gropius House. (MJP)

Curtis, Nancy

1997-01-01

184

Thermally integrated staged methanol reformer and method  

DOEpatents

A thermally integrated two-stage methanol reformer including a heat exchanger and first and second reactors colocated in a common housing in which a gaseous heat transfer medium circulates to carry heat from the heat exchanger into the reactors. The heat transfer medium comprises principally hydrogen, carbon dioxide, methanol vapor and water vapor formed in a first stage reforming reaction. A small portion of the circulating heat transfer medium is drawn off and reacted in a second stage reforming reaction which substantially completes the reaction of the methanol and water remaining in the drawn-off portion. Preferably, a PrOx reactor will be included in the housing upstream of the heat exchanger to supplement the heat provided by the heat exchanger.

Skala, Glenn William (Churchville, NY); Hart-Predmore, David James (Rochester, NY); Pettit, William Henry (Rochester, NY); Borup, Rodney Lynn (East Rochester, NY)

2001-01-01

185

Soft Budget Constraints on Local Government in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

A significant feature of China's economic reform since 1978 is the devolution of the central government's control over the economy to subnational gove rnments. The fiscal system is decentralized among five levels of government : national, provincial, municipal, county, and township governments, which are broadly categorized into center, provincial, and local governments (all sub-provincial governments). This paper mainly focuses on

Jing Jin; Heng-fu Zou

2003-01-01

186

Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

187

Welfare Reform: An Examination of Effects. Hearing before the Subcommittee on 21st Century Competitiveness of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (September 20, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Congressional report contains the testimony and documents presented for the record of the first of two hearings to gather testimony on the effects of welfare reform and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. The oral and written testimony focuses on TANF legislation's outcomes and impact on work and families in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

188

Health Care Reform: How Do Women, Children, and Teens Fare? Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testimony of a hearing on health care reform, especially as it relates to women, children, and adolescents, is presented in this document. Statements and/or materials by these Representatives is included: Bill Barrett, Matthew Martinez, Mike Bilirakis, and Patricia Schroeder. Testimony and/or prepared statements and materials are included from…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

189

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum Of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

190

Knowledge Management at the Finnish Government: Now, Never or Later.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, knowledge management is seen as an element of strategic management for which the highest level of the organization is responsible. Knowledge management is discussed in the framework of the current reform of the central government in Finland. The main goals of the reform are to strengthen the cooperation in the central government, to…

Jussilainen, Maija

191

"Governance" or "Governing"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on four perspectives on power and its exercise in organizations to analyze the practice of governing colleges and universities. The exploration uses political theories (particularly those assessing the legitimacy and effectiveness of stable political entities), leadership studies, analyses of how formal and informal organizations…

Leslie, David

192

Market- and Performance-Based Reforms of Teacher Compensation: A Review of Recent Practices, Policies, and Research. Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series. PEPG 10-09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a review of recent policy initiatives to reform teacher compensation systems and evidence regarding the effect of these policies. The first section examines the current structure of teacher compensation in the U.S. K-12 public education system. The compensation "system" for teachers is fragmented and uncoordinated. Teacher…

Podgursky, Michael J.; Springer, Matthew

2010-01-01

193

ICT, Innovation and Public Management: Governance, Models & Alternatives for E-Government Infrastructures  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-government and related Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are commonly understood to provide a great opportunity to innovate the business of government by fostering efficiency and reforming public management. This paper argues that the main approaches and methodologies used for the development of e- government applications, services and infrastructure overlook the potential to provide innovative mechanisms for the reshaping of

Diego D. Navarra; Tony Cornford

2005-01-01

194

Governance of Governance in Higher Education: Practices and Lessons Drawn from the Portuguese Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of the governance reform of Portuguese higher education has been developed under the influence of "new public management" resulting in the loss of collegial governance. Additionally, the need for meta-governance of the higher education system and institutions to monitor institutional performance against policy…

Magalhaes, Antonio; Veiga, Amelia; Amaral, Alberto; Sousa, Sofia; Ribeiro, Filipa

2013-01-01

195

National Comprehensive School Reform: An Analysis of Six Reform Models 1980-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes six different National Comprehensive Reform Models through multiple lenses. It seeks to discover how the models of ATLAS Communities, Accelerated Schools Plus, Co-nect Schools, Expeditionary Learning Schools Outward Bound, Modern Red SchoolHouse and Urban Learning Centers both restructure and reculture the schools in which they…

Feinzimer, Laurie Gault

2009-01-01

196

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

197

Reading Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes school-district efforts to improve their reading programs through commitment to staff development, ranging from keeping their basic approach to reading but investing in additional training to starting from scratch with new training session and new approaches to reading. Describes federal government interest in research-based reading…

Harrington-Lueker, Donna

2002-01-01

198

Title 44-Is Long Overdue Reform at Hand?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes aspects of proposed federal legislation which is attempting to reform portions of Title 44, "United States Code". Senate bill S.2288 charges the Government Printing Office (GPO) with responsibility for government printing, procurement, and dissemination. Includes a definition of government publication, GPO's depository-library program,…

Hernon, Peter; Dugan, Robert E.

1998-01-01

199

The Reform Agenda for Madrasah Education in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

As governments in many countries review their education systems to optimise their human capital in an age of globalisation, religious schools such as madrasahs (Islamic or Muslim schools) have also come under state scrutiny. This article examines the Singapore government's reform agenda for madrasah education in the country. It argues that the Singapore government advocates a reformist Muslim view of

Charlene Tan

2009-01-01

200

Recent Proposals To Reform Teacher Education in Brazil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses teacher education in Brazil and the recent proposals to reform existing programs by the current Brazilian government, arguing that recent reforms function as resources for economic growth and that a tension between mechanisms to make the educational process more flexible and instruments to control and evaluate its products underlines the…

Ludke, Menga; Moreira, Antonio Flavio Barbosa

1999-01-01

201

Trials of explicitness in the implementation of public management reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study how state practitioners account for the shape and action of the state. We focus on the implementation, from the early 2000s onwards, of a reform of public management in France which called for a revision of the description of the boundaries and achievements of the action of the state. The reform targeted the rules governing the budgetary process

Fabian Muniesa; Dominique Linhardt

2011-01-01

202

Subsoil Law Reform in Russia under the Putin Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the political economy of subsoil law reform under the Putin administration. Despite repeated promises of imminent reform, the overhaul of the main legal basis governing some of the most important sectors of the Russian economy was subjected to repeated delays during the eight years of Putin's presidency. This article shows that the interaction of three major influences—the

Yuko Adachi

2009-01-01

203

The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than

Carlos Ornelas

2004-01-01

204

The Politics of Privatisation, Decentralisation and Education Reform in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling…

Ornelas, Carlos

2004-01-01

205

Reinventing Tenure: What Schools Can Learn from Public Reform Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tenure has lost public legitimacy. Of 30 states reforming civil-service systems or proposing reforms, Georgia has gone the farthest. Since 1996, new state government hires have been "at will" employees. Erosion of private-sector union strength may aid antitenure political leaders' efforts. A sidebar outlines states' actions. (10 references) (MLH)

Hess, Frederick; Maranto, Robert A.

1999-01-01

206

Japan's National Curriculum Reforms: Focus on Integrated Curriculum Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the process of national curriculum standards reform and the progress of applying the integrated curriculum from theory and research to practice. The curriculum council of Japanese government received an inquiry from Monbusho in August 1996 about "reform of the national curriculum". The council comprehensively discussed how…

Arani, Mohammad Reza Sarkar

2008-01-01

207

School Reform in the Deep South: A Critical Appraisal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An assessment of the school reform movement, this book focuses on the states of the Deep South--Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi. Ten articles, organized into three sections, tackle such issues as the role of government in school reform, the professional growth of teachers, and the privatization of schools. Part 1 includes the following: "Public…

Vold, David J., Ed.; DeVitis, Joseph L., Ed.

208

[Grasping economic reform and family planning simultaneously].  

PubMed

This report aims at proposing ways the Chinese government can raise productivity levels and living standards while promoting the objectives of family planning. During the 1970's, family planning was heavily emphasized. Every factory, commune, and government agency had a specialized group of personnel responsible for family planning. Since the time of economic reform, this group has been vastly minimized because of the central government's demands for reduction of "unproductive" personnel. Thus, with economic reform came a sizeable obstacle to the family planning campaign. The report takes Hong Lai County as an example of recent undertakings to balance the new reforms and the family planning objectives. Hong Lai County, one of the poorest counties in the Sichuan Province, located in western central Chna, has seen a growth in GNP of 100% since the economic reform of 1979. At the same time, the government of the county has had to work extremely hard to promote family planning, especially in rural areas where these objectives are more difficult to reinforce. The county government, in an effort to encourage these objectives, has set up programs of compensation in the form of special allowances and bonuses. Moreover, eucational programs have proven effective in this area. The report indicates that much success has been achieved in the areas of education through promotional campaigns and vocational training which have, in turn, increased productivity levels and living standards. PMID:12159346

Hou, W

1985-07-29

209

Houses of the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If one were to showcase new housing technologies and innovative designs in Australia, it wouldn't be a bad idea to place such an exhibit next to one of the most instantly recognizable structures in the world. Well, that is precisely what the Australian government (in collaboration with private industry groups) did when they placed this remarkable "Houses of the Future" exhibition next to the Sydney Opera House. While the exhibit has since moved on to a new location, visitors who are curious about the future of the built environment (particularly in terms of domestic architecture and construction) will enjoy this interactive website. The website features six homes that are part of a "new generation of prefabricated dwellings emerging around the globe". The requirements for each new housing type were that they be prefabricated for easy transportation, environmentally sustainable, designed by an architect, and "futuristic in appearance and use of domestic space". On the site, visitors may look within each house, all the while learning about each structure's historical precedents, environmental features, and of course, its architects. For those interested in the potential of domestic architecture, this website will be quite a treat.

210

Clean Water Act: Bill heads for house vote  

Microsoft Academic Search

The House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee has approved and sent to the House floor a bill to scale back regulations under the Clean Water Act (CWA). Amending clean water legislation has been one of the top items on the Republican regulatory reform agenda. The bill removes federal jurisdiction over stormwater runoff and abandons national standards for pesticide, fertilizer, and other

R. Begley; D. Rotman

1995-01-01

211

Housing Cuyahoga County: Housing Sales.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is one of four which, together, constitute the second year work program of the Cuyahoga County Housing Study. It presents and analyzes data on sales prices of one-family houses in the county, both in aggregate and by small area, in terms of loc...

1971-01-01

212

Six Countries, Six Health Reform Models? Health Care Reform in Chile, Israel, Singapore, Switzerland, Taiwan and The Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research contribution presents a diagnosis of the health reform experience of six small and mid-sized industrial democracies: Chile, Israel, Singapore, Switzerland, Taiwan and The Netherlands during the last decades of the twentieth century. It addresses the following questions: why have these six countries, facing similar pressures to reform their health care systems, with similar options for government action, chosen

Kieke G. H. Okma; Tsung-mei Cheng; David Chinitz; Luca Crivelli; Meng-kin Lim; Hans Maarse; Maria Eliana Labra

2010-01-01

213

The Invisible Hand: Big Business and Chicago School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Chicago's governance reforms as one case of corporate influence on public school policy making. Discusses the role of local political institutions and corporate organizational resources. Corporate associations were involved in both policymaking and policy implementation. (SM)

Shipps, Dorothy

1997-01-01

214

Entry restrictions and expenditure effects in the local government market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent statutory developments in U.S. local government law have placed more comprehensive administrative procedures and constraints upon those individuals wishing to alter their form of local government. What effect, if any, have these “reforms” had upon the performance of local government; has government become more efficient in providing goods as one body of literature seems to suggest, or has local

Dolores Tremewan Martin

1980-01-01

215

Educational Reform in China: Tensions in National Policy and Local Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the post-Mao era, the Chinese government carried out a series of education reforms to modernise education provision. This paper explores two related aspects of these reforms through comparative case study research in three different school locations within the same region in China. The first focus is upon system reform initiated through…

Liu, Yujin; Dunne, Mairead

2009-01-01

216

Price reform and structural change in the Chinese economy: Policy simulations using a CGE model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the beginning of economic reform, China has made great strides in reforming the price system. However, the government has only recently begun to tackle reform in some heavily subsidized, bottleneck sectors like coal and crude oil. In this paper a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model of the Chinese economy is developed and used to examine the sectoral and economy-wide

Richard F. Garbaccio

1995-01-01

217

Health Reform.online: Health Sector Reform, Health Economics and Sustainable Financing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank's Economic Development Institute has recently developed Health Reform.online to provide distance education opportunities for those interested in "health sector reform, health economics or sustainable financing." The site will house educational modules based on EDI's Health Sector Reform and Sustainable Financing training program. The first module, "Introduction to the concepts and analytical tools of health sector reform and financing," includes lessons, case studies, interactive exercises, suggested readings, an extensive glossary, and a course outline. Future EDI training opportunities will be announced at the site. A Library section allows browsing and searching of abstracts or the full-text of over 500,000 pages of World Bank health documents on health projects in developing countries. Note, to view the full-text documents, users will need to download the Prizm plug-in, available at the site. EDI plans to add links to regional partner institute Websites and courses, in the future.

1998-01-01

218

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

219

Boom and bust: housing equity withdrawal and consumption decisions and their impacts on household wealth.  

PubMed

The authors examine whether the surge in housing refinance and equity withdrawal generated by the housing boom disproportionately affected older households in terms of decisions on whether to refinance, whether to withdraw equity, and how much to withdraw, and how in turn these decisions affected their household wealth. Using the Federal Reserve's Survey of Consumer Finances, the authors found the highest rates of refinancing and cashing out equity among older (although not necessarily the oldest) households. The authors also found that appreciation in house value, being a baby boomer, and having higher household income were the factors that most increased the probability of refinancing and withdrawing equity. Amounts cashed out were higher among older than among younger households. Ordinary least squares (OLS) estimates showed that amounts withdrawn were increased by price appreciation, financial assets, and income, along with being a "pre-boomer" or "early boomer." Older cohorts displayed larger wealth effects than younger ones, but their withdrawn equity was a smaller percentage of total net worth. A relatively small percentage of respondents' dollars was used for consumption, and most dollars were used for home improvement, other investment, or debt repayment. However, massive equity withdrawal and the subsequent collapse of housing prices have caused housing leverage to soar, putting some homeowners "underwater" and jeopardizing others' retirement preparedness. The ensuing housing finance crisis raises numerous policy issues, from reform of mortgage underwriting, securitization, servicing, and foreclosure procedures, to potential limitations on borrowing against unrealized housing equity gains, to enhanced government transfers for distressed older homeowners, to local and state revenue policy changes. PMID:22239279

Gist, John R; Figueiredo, Carlos; Verma, Satyendra K

2012-01-01

220

Women's housing conditions in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This news article describes women's housing conditions, housing policy, and pilot programs to house poor women in Bangladesh. Although Bangladesh has a constitution that reinforces the equal status of women, in practice, men dominate and patrilineal customs determine inheritance and property rights. Religious affiliation also determines land tenure and inheritance. Muslim women can inherit 12.5% of their husband's property if there are children. 25% is inherited if wives are without children. Hindu women without sons can inherit their husband's property, but not parental property. Many families refuse to release property to women without a fight. Women, regardless of ownership of land, rarely control or use their land. The custom of requiring men to maintain wives during the marriage, and daughters until marriage, creates obstacles to women's decision making about property. Without collateral and other security women are unable to secure bank loans. Many women are also constrained by the requirement of male consent or guarantees for bank transactions. Banks do not have a gender responsive criteria for selecting loan recipients. The government does not provide sufficient housing to satisfy the growing housing needs due to population growth. Some housing is available from slum landlords. A National Housing Policy was formulated in 1993. Priority would be given to the housing needs of low income women in urban areas and women-headed households with income below the poverty line. The policy does not address the underlying factors that prevent equal access to housing for women. The government prepared a Human Settlement and Urban Development proposal for the Habitat II conference. The plan did not address gender issues. Special efforts are being made by nongovernmental groups to meet the housing needs of professional women and for some disadvantaged women. PMID:12347277

Shefali, M K

1996-01-01

221

House Warming  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

Television, Twin C.

2013-01-01

222

Symposium: Governing Boards--Raising Consciousness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"What Works in Higher Education Reform: A Report from the Front," the twelfth annual national conference of the National Association of Scholars, took place November 17-19, 2006, in Cambridge, Massachusetts. One panel, "Governing Boards: Raising Consciousness," examined the role governing boards do and can play in raising awareness on campus and…

Academic Questions, 2007

2007-01-01

223

Does Governance Matter for School Improvement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The governance of schools reconstituted by the Conservative Education Reform Acts of 1986/88 has been the subject of review since the turn of the century, with questions raised about the roles and responsibilities of governing bodies. Do governors as volunteers have too many responsibilities? Do they contribute to school improvement? Do they…

Ranson, Stewart; Farrell, Catherine; Peim, Nick; Smith, Penny

2005-01-01

224

School Governance and the Mediation of Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1988 Education Reform Act radically transformed the local governance of education, according school governing bodies new delegated powers for budgets and staff as well as responsibility for the strategic direction of the school in a quasi market place of parental choice. To take up these new responsibilities the earlier Education Act 1986 had…

Ranson, Stewart

2011-01-01

225

E-government in the informational economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the end of the 20th century the governments of many countries faced the necessity of reforming the classical models of the government which appeared inconsistent with the emerging informatization of the society. Experts of the World Bank recognize the following problems to be common for the majority of the countries: (1) growth of cumulative employment and expenses on wages

LEONOVA Tatiana

2009-01-01

226

Policy and Workforce Reform in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current workforce reform, known as Remodelling the School Workforce, is part of an enduring policy process where there have been tensions between public and private sector structures and cultures. I show that the New Right and New Labour governments who have built and configured site based performance management over the past quarter of a century…

Gunter, Helen M.

2008-01-01

227

The failure of immigration reform in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

After many years without substantial activity in immigration policy, the German Red–Green government which came to power in 1998 introduced an American-style Green Card and a new citizenship law. From these beginnings, the immigration reform campaign captured the public imagination, and for two years a broad spectrum of figures from German public life took part in a lively debate on

Imke Kruse; Henry Edward Orren; Steffen Angenendt

2003-01-01

228

Reforming Ontario Early Learning: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Herein, we address the reformation of Ontario early learning. Over the next 3 years, all 4- and 5-year-olds in Ontario (Canada) will be able to attend full-day early learning with child care, before and after school provided by the Government of Ontario Ministry of Education. The benefits of such a change are both academic and societal and are…

Ryan, Thomas; Date, Gavin

2014-01-01

229

The Politics of Electoral Reform in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The debate about electoral reform in Britain has experienced periodic revivals, as critics have challenged the established system of first- past-the-post. The debate has revolved about how British elections trans late votes into seats, and how representative elections should work: whether priority should be given to the principle of strong government or \\

Pippa Norris

1995-01-01

230

Comprehensive District Reform: Philadelphia's Grand Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes "Philadelphia's Grand Experiment" in comprehensive school district reform, from its conception through its initial months of implementation. In 2001, as part of the remedy for low student performance, the governor ordered the state to take over governance of the Philadelphia School District, with a substantial number of…

Useem, Elizabeth; Balfanz, Robert

2002-01-01

231

76 FR 71059 - Announcement of Funding Awards; HUD's Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 NOFA for the Fair Housing Initiatives...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act of 1989, this announcement notifies the public of funding decisions...the Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act of 1989 (103 Stat. 1987, 42 U.S.C. 3545), the Department...

2011-11-16

232

RCRA Cleanup Reforms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Concerns over the progress in Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) cleanup efforts since 1984 have prompted the Environmental Protection Agency to publish "RCRA Cleanup Reforms," which describes the implementation process of these administrative reforms.

233

Housing Association of the Delaware Valley Photographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1909, concerned Philadelphians and reformers looked around their fair city, and saw terrible slum conditions. That very year, the Philadelphia Housing Commission was formed, and over the years they would lobby to create a comprehensive housing code. In 1915, the enforcement of this code began, and the organization later became the Housing Association of the Delaware Valley. Their photographic archive became part of the collections at the Temple University Libraries. Recently, staff members there digitized over 3,100 photographs that document housing interiors, exteriors, streets, privy vaults, housing projects, and sanitation conditions from 1897 to 1972. Visitors can search the complete archive by keyword, or they can just browse around as they see fit. As a whole, the collection documents the story of Philadelphia's 20th century experience, and the images are quite eye opening.

234

Effectiveness of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (July 11, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing focuses on the evaluation of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Specifically, the subcommittee was interested in measuring whether significant taxpayer investment has been effective in accomplishing the objectives of the campaign-- reaching the target audience, changing young peoples attitudes about drugs, encouraging…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

235

The National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session (October 14, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing focuses on reviewing the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Discussion focuses on the role of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) in the media campaign, the research base of the campaign, an overview of the integrated campaign, the results attained to date by the campaign, and the contributions of ONDCPs principal…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

236

District of Columbia Public Schools: Student Enrollment Count Remains Vulnerable to Errors. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on the District of Columbia, Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) is one of the largest public school districts in the United States. Since 1989-90, there have been questions about several aspects of DCPS's enrollment-count process. A valid enrollment-count process and an accurate count are critical to DCPS's district- and school-level planning, staffing, funding,…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.

237

Early Head Start: Goals and Challenges. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session (February 19, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing contains testimony on the Early Head Start program. Testimony was provided by: (1) a director of a state Head Start Association; (2) directors of Head Start programs; (3) a Head Start parent; (4) Olivia A. Golden, Assistant Secretary, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; (5) a state…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

238

Maintaining a Level Playing Field for DC Graduates: Legislation to Reauthorize the DC College Access Act. Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eighth Congress, Second Session (March 25, 2004) Serial No. 108-172  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing was convened to discuss the reauthorization of the District of Columbia Tuition Assistance Grant Program. The purpose of the hearing was to highlight the tremendous impact the tuition assistance program has had on promoting higher education for high school graduates in the Nation's Capital. The original aim of the program in 1999 was…

US House of Representatives, 2004

2004-01-01

239

Underage Drinking: Information on Federal Funds Targeted at Prevention. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources, House Committee on Government Reform, and to Representative John L. Mica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a project undertaken to identify the nature and extent of Federal efforts related to the prevention of underage drinking to assist Congress in its deliberations on whether additional attention to alcohol use is needed. The report specifically aims to identify the amount of appropriated fiscal year 2000 Federal funds that…

Stana, Richard M.

240

Job Corps Oversight: Recruitment and Placement Standards. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session (October 23, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This congressional hearing focuses on a General Accounting Office (GAO) examination of the Department of Labor's management of Job Corps recruitment and placement contractors. Its focuses are how the contractors demand and measure success in two of the four strategy areas--client commitment and client placement in a job with long-term…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

241

Job Training that Works. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the oral and written testimony submitted at a Congressional hearing on how job training works--how effective employment training programs succeed and how that success is measured. The hearing was based on a General Accounting Office study that found four hallmarks of effective job training: individual commitment, removal of…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

242

Affordable housing: Reducing the energy cost burden.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Residential energy expenditures are a key determinant of housing affordability, particularly for lower income households. For years, federal, state and local governments and agencies have sought to defray energy expenses and increase residential energy ef...

A. D. Lee R. I. Chin C. L. Marden

1995-01-01

243

Housing Systems Proposals for Operation Breakthrough.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This compilation of housing systems proposals presents the technical descriptions of proposals submitted in response to a request for proposals by Operation Breakthrough. The program was initiated with invitations to local governments and private citizens...

1970-01-01

244

History and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Features comments from Robert L. Hampel, William R. Johnson, Diane Ravitch, and David N. Plank on David Tyack and Larry Cuban's book, "Tinkering toward Utopia: A Century of Public School Reform." The book argues that educational reformers in the 20th century have attempted large-scale systemic reforms instituted from the top down. (MJP)

Hampel, Robert L.; And Others

1996-01-01

245

Beyond Reform: Transformation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Coalition of Essential Schools (CES) is not a reform movement. To reform is to make a thing again; reformation implies a stasis that doesn't deliver enough for the educational future. This issue of Horace demonstrates that Essential schools and the districts and networks that support them are at various points in the journey of transformation,…

Davidson, Jill

2007-01-01

246

ALBANIA'S RADICAL AGRARIAN REFORM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The agrarian reform in Albania included free distribution of land to rural households and the complete break up of the former collective and state farms. These key features of the Albanian reform are in sharp contrast with other Central and Eastern European countries. Our paper explains the choice of the Albanian agricultural privatization and land reform process and the radical

Azeta Cungu; Johan F. M. Swinnen

1998-01-01

247

Reform before NCLB  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author compared NCLB-prompted standards-based reforms with earlier reforms and found that earlier manifestations of standards-based reforms may have been more productive and constructive. NCLB, with its emphasis on accountability through high-stakes testing, has produced many perverse results alongside documented achievement gains, the author…

Desimone, Laura M.

2013-01-01

248

Managing Cumulative Impacts: Groundwater Reform in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cumulative impacts of incremental development present governments all over the world with major difficulties. Well-intended\\u000a strategic approaches often fail, in whole or in part. In Australia, a joint Federal\\/State agreement in 1992 initiated reforms\\u000a of State environmental legislation and policy, which led to the Council of Australian Governments Water Reform Framework 1994—an agreement to introduce comprehensive water reforms targeted

Charles Jonathan Nevill

2009-01-01

249

Health Reform and the Obama Administration: Reflections in Mid-2010  

PubMed Central

The reforms that finally emerged from the Obama administration's initiative were the result of a year of nasty, demagogic and misleading claims in the US public forum, coupled with the complexities of crafting legislation that stood a chance of passing both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The resulting “hybrid” approach to healthcare reform produced a conservative strategy that ignores the experience of other wealthy democracies. More significantly, its long period of implementation, given a possible change of administration in 2012, increases uncertainty regarding whether and how reforms will be rolled out by 2014 and after.

Marmor, Theodore R.

2010-01-01

250

H. R. 4255: This Act may be cited as the Wetlands Reform Act of 1992, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, February 19, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on February 19, 1992 to amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act for the protection of wetlands. One of the key elements of the bill revolves around the expansion of scope and clarification of the permit program and its effects on wetlands. Additional sections address the following: exemptions for agriculture and other activities; rulemaking on prior converted wetlands; citizen suits amendments; improvement of administration of wetlands permitting; study of wetlands delineation; and wetlands restoration pilot program.

Not Available

1992-01-01

251

The Keys to the White House  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Keys to the White House is a historically-based system for predicting the result of the popular vote in American presidential elections. The Keys system tracks the big picture of how well the party holding the White House has governed and does not shift with events of the campaign. This model gives specificity to the idea that it is…

Lichtman, Allan J.

2012-01-01

252

Jane Addams Hull House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Windy Cityâ≢s West Side, the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum serves as "a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams." Addams was the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and she worked to transform the lives of immigrants and others through her social service work. Visitors to the site can look through four primary areas: Home, Learn, Program & Events, and Museum. These formal areas contain key materials about the House's activities, and visitors should also look through over areas like Stories as Resistance, How Do We Build Peace and Create More Justice in Chicago?, and Chicago Amplified. One key area is Immigrant City-Chicago, which brings together 94 works that respond to the topic of immigration. Visitors can view poems and works of art around themes such as Our Home and Solidarity. Additionally, the site also contains the Women's History Bus Tour, which is a pdf guidebook that focuses on "women's imprint on the social fabric and life found on the Near West Side and in Pilsen."

253

A house divided: deinstitutionalization, medicare and the Canadian Mental Health Association in Saskatchewan, 1944-1964.  

PubMed

Defined as a set of distinct processes that included the declining use of large psychiatric institutions and the increasing use of outpatient services and general hospitals, deinstitutionalization occurred earlier in Saskatchewan than other provinces in Canada. It was led by a CCF government dedicated to major change across a number of sectors including mental health, assisted by one of the most influential and well-organized social movement organizations of the 1950s, the Saskatchewan Division of the Canadian Mental Health Association (SCMHA). However, by the late 1950s and early 1960s, the SCMHA opposed the CCF government's policy priority on medicare which it felt came at the expense of mental health care, in particular the implementation of a regional psychiatric hospital system called the Saskatchewan Plan. As a consequence, the SCMHA, once such a powerful ally of the CCF government in health reform, formed a strategic and temporary coalition with the anti-medicare forces in the province. Given the fact that a number of medical staff within the government's department of public health were prominent members of the SCMHA, the CCF government found that it occupied an increasingly divided house at the very time it was struggling to introduce medicare in the midst of civil unrest and a doctors' strike. PMID:22514869

Marchildon, Gregory P

2011-01-01

254

Editor's Note: The Medicalization of Therapeutic Communities in the Era of Health Care Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent health care reform legislation has prompted greater efforts to divert substance abusers to addiction treatment facilities. A major component of reform has been the acknowledgement that mental health and addiction issues must be treated on a par with medical issues. The merger of the Haight Ashbury Free Clinics and Walden House offers a model for the medicalization of therapeutic

David E. Smith

2012-01-01

255

Tomorrow's Family Reforms: Marriage Course, Marriage Test, Incorporated Families, and Sex Selection Mandate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses specific new laws and programs to strengthen family life suggested in the (N=34) detailed reforms proposed and endorsed by the 1980 White House Conference on Families. Explores four reform possibilities including high school marriage preparation classes, a mandated marriage readiness test, family incorporation, and support for prenatal…

Shostak, Arthur B.

1981-01-01

256

Root Causes of the Housing Bubble  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter we investigate root causes of the recent US housing bubble which has been caused a serious downturn in US economic growth since autumn of 2008. We propose a simple model of housing markets in order to indicate the possible determinants of recent housing prices. Utilizing the model, we verify a number of hypotheses which have been proposed in the recent literature on the housing bubbles. We suggest that the main causes of the housing bubble from 2000 to 2006 are (1) non-elastic housing supply in the metropolitan areas, and (2) declines in the mortgage loan rate and the housing premium by the massive mortgage credit expansion. We also suggest that these factors were strongly influenced by policies that governments and the Federal Reserve Board performed.

Kaizoji, Taisei

257

Housing Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

Schmalz, Georgann

1985-01-01

258

Evolution of corporate governance in Russia: government policy vs. real incentives of economic agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is devoted to analysing the evolution of corporate governance mechanisms in Russia. Special attention is paid to the causes of dramatic discrepancies between the expected outputs of institutional reforms implemented by the Russian government with World Bank and IMF support and the actual behaviour of Russian companies. Why was the model of interaction between enterprises and investors, owners

Andrei Yakovlev

2004-01-01

259

Metropolitan government and governance in western countries: a critical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The failure of top-down imposed institutional reform for metropolitan areas in the western world has called for new conceptions of institution-building. A bottom up, governance type approach is now considered in various countries which focuses on flexible, voluntary and partnership elements of collective action through which institution is no longer considered as a ready-made object but as a process. A

Christian Lefèvre

1998-01-01

260

New Public Management and Beyond: Public Administrative Reform in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past two decades, British public administration has been subjected to substantial reform. First, a set of changes that came to be identified with the New Public Management (NPM) movement altered the structures and operations of the state. More recently, moves toward information-age government, or e-government, have prompted further change. This article examines first the nature, mechanics, and causes

Ian Holliday

2002-01-01

261

Characterizing the corporate governance of UK listed construction companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the emergence of scandals involving many high?profile companies during the 1990s, corporate governance is considered as an area requiring immediate reform. The government of the United Kingdom has conducted a series of reviews on corporate governance and incorporated the recommendations of these reports into regulatory codes. Compliance with these codes can be considered to indicate the implementation

2006-01-01

262

THEORETICAL DEBATES AND POLITICAL APPROACHES REGARDING TH EUROPEAN UNION GOVERNING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The word ‘politics’ is typically associated with the business of governments and states, the sphere of public policy and questions of authority. The article discusses the perceptions of the European Union as a system of governance. In order to enable an enlarged European Union to function more effectively, the Lisbon Treaty is the latest attempt to reform its governing institutions

Gheorghe Pîrvu

2011-01-01

263

Private rental housing provision in Australia: A Structural Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal and State housing policy is becoming ever more reliant on the private sector to provide housing for low-income consumers. This policy direction is being driven by a number of factors, including funding constraints for social housing, changes in attitudes around the role of government in social policy affairs, and also by assumptions about the capacity of the private rental

Tim Seelig

2001-01-01

264

Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

265

Smart Houses  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

1987-01-01

266

Europe's Diluted Higher Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the success of European reforms in institutions of higher education in terms of their goals, their integration with existing systems, the response of groups affected by the reforms, and the political and socioeconomic factors precipitating the reforms. (AM)

Cerych, Ladislav

1981-01-01

267

Aging, Labor Markets, and Pension Reform in Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the dynamic consequences of demographic change and various pension reform scenarios for Austria. The analysis is based on a computable overlapping-generations model with life-cycle labor supply, savings, and search unemployment. The public sector is decomposed into general government and an unfunded pension system with a tax-benefit linkage. Our quantitative analysis considers several pension reform scenarios on top

Christian Keuschnigg; Mirela Keuschnigg

2004-01-01

268

The Politics of Privatisation, Decentralisation and Education Reform in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs\\u000a and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations\\u000a of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has\\u000a been far more continuity than

Carlos Ornelas

269

PERFORMANCE AUDITS AND MANAGERIAL CONTROL SYSTEM IN ITALIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS: DO THEY HAVE A FUTURE?  

Microsoft Academic Search

the paper deals with the introduction of management control and performance audit in Italian local governments. The first part provides a concise description of the local governments' reform. As in other countries where performance oriented reforms have been adopted, particular emphasis was given to efficiency and effectiveness. In order to control the most important «value drivers», legislators recommended the adoption

Guido Modugno

270

Emerging Governance in State-Level Higher Education: Competing Pressures and Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation study considered reforms in state-level higher education governance in the United States. Many researchers have suggested the emergence of market-oriented models in higher education governance. This study explored the existence of market-oriented models as well as other reform models in two western states, Utah and Washington. …

Mortensen, Brad Leon

2009-01-01

271

Thinking about Tax Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing pre-college teachers with an analysis of tax reform is the primary goal of this publication. The present tax system is both inefficient and inequitable. Three goals of tax reform proposals are detailed: (1) fairness--the dimensions of horizontal equity, or equal treatment of equals however defined, and vertical equity, reflecting the…

Boskin, Michael J.

1985-01-01

272

School Reform. IDRA Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue addresses school reform, focusing on accountability, attrition, public-supported private education, equitable education, and schoolwide reform. "School-Student Performance and Accountability" (Jose A. Cardenas) discusses what constitutes good performance in school; the shifting emphasis among the input, output, and process of…

IDRA Newsletter, 1998

1998-01-01

273

Reforms as experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contends that programs of social reform are not effectively assessed. This article is a preliminary effort in examining the sources of this condition and designing ways of overcoming the difficulties. The political setting of program evaluation is also considered. It is concluded that trapped and experimental administrators are not threatened by a hard-headed analysis of the reform. For such, proper

Donald T. Campbell

1969-01-01

274

Educational Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

Aksit, Necmi

2007-01-01

275

The Rhetoric of a Reform: The Construction of "Public", "Management" and the "New" in Norwegian Education Reforms of the 1990s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a critical rhetorical analysis of the governing and reform ideology of the Norwegian school system of the 1990s. It uses Karl Popper's "The Open Society and its Enemies" as a critical resource in the reading of the reforms, and discusses some of the consequences of the regime's models of leadership and public management for…

Trippestad, Tom Are

2011-01-01

276

Does Selling State Silver Generate Private Gold? Determinants and Impacts of State House Sales and Acquisitions in New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

New Zealand experienced two natural experiments with respect to state-provided social housing after 1990. First, while continuing to acquire new state houses, the National Government substantially reduced the overall state house stock by selling a greater number of houses either to existing tenants (through the Home Buy scheme) or, if the house was vacant, to other purchasers (vacant sales). From

Katy Bergstrom; Arthur Grimes; Steve Stillman

2011-01-01

277

Poets House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Poets House is an organization that focuses on modern poetry and is a "national poetry library and literary center that invites poets and the public to step into the living tradition of poetry." The website of this New York-based treasure is now in Battery Park City, and houses a 50,000 volume poetry collection of varied media, including journals, audio, video, and digital media. The "News" tab offers a slideshow of "Poetry Hard-Hat Tours" that has almost two dozen photos of the progress of the building of the new Battery Park City location. The "Programs" tab on the left hand menu leads the visitors to a "Calendar of Events", as well as descriptions of the events on the calendar, such as "Seminars and Workshops", "Showcase Events" and "Conversations on Poetics". The "Directory" tab on the left hand menu offers a free 20,000 title online database of poetry titles published between 1990 and 2008, and is searchable by numerous criteria, as well as sortable by author, title, or publisher.

278

Galvin, DOE spar over reform plan  

SciTech Connect

Robert Galvin, head of a DOE task force which suggested radical changes in the national laboratories, is going a step farther by describing in detail how Congress could create a private company that would receive federal funding to operate the labs largely free of government oversight. The idea to `corporatize` the labs is not popular with DOE or lab officials. This article discusses opposing views of a reform plan.

Lawler, A.

1995-03-10

279

South Korea's economic reform and its aftermath  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the process of Korea's recovery from the 1997 financial crisis with several policy implications. The driving force behind the better?than?expected economic recovery was the reform measures introduced by the Korean government in four major areas such as the financial, corporate, labor and public sectors. Also, Korea's strong export performance helped by the booming U.S. economy provided a

Doowon Lee

2001-01-01

280

Preventing Federal Government Abuse of Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigations by the Union of Concerned Scientists and the mainstream media provide evidence of widespread and serious political interference in federal government science. To restore scientific integrity to the policy making process, the United States must adopt reforms that adequately protect government scientists, provide better scientific advice to Congress, strengthen the Office of Science and Technology Policy, ensure the independence of scientific advisory committees, and effectively insulate government science from politics. Methods for accomplishing these goals include ensuring that the next president is committed to respecting the scientific process and pressing Congress to exercise its oversight responsibilities. Creating meaningful reform will require the persistent and energetic engagement of the scientific community—in universities, laboratories, government agencies, and private companies. Individual scientists and scientific institutions have the opportunity to monitor the way science informs policy making and to act to defend the integrity of science.

Grifo, F. T.

2006-12-01

281

Reforming science: methodological and cultural reforms.  

PubMed

Contemporary science has brought about technological advances and an unprecedented understanding of the natural world. However, there are signs of dysfunction in the scientific community as well as threats from diverse antiscience and political forces. Incentives in the current system place scientists under tremendous stress, discourage cooperation, encourage poor scientific practices, and deter new talent from entering the field. It is time for a discussion of how the scientific enterprise can be reformed to become more effective and robust. Serious reform will require more consistent methodological rigor and a transformation of the current hypercompetitive scientific culture. PMID:22184414

Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C

2012-03-01

282

Renewing governance.  

PubMed

Globalization's profound influence on social and political institutions need not be negative. Critics of globalization have often referred to the "Impossible Trinity" because decision-making must 1. respect national sovereignty, 2. develop and implement firm regulation, and 3. allow capital markets to be as free as possible. To many, such goals are mutually exclusive because history conditions us to view policy-making and governance in traditional molds. Thus, transnational governance merely appears impossible because current forms of governance were not designed to provide it. The world needs new tools for governing, and its citizens must seize the opportunity to help develop them. The rise of a global society requires a greater level of generality and inclusion than is found in most policy bodies today. Politicians need to re-examine key assumptions about government. States must develop ways to discharge their regulatory responsibilities across borders and collaborate with neighboring jurisdictions, multilateral bodies, and business. Concepts such as multilateralism and tripartism show great promise. Governments must engage civil society in the spirit of shared responsibility and democratic decision-making. Such changes will result in a renewal of the state's purpose and better use of international resources and expertise in governance. PMID:17208717

Loos, Gregory P

2003-01-01

283

The Housing Crisis and New England's Economy: State and Local Initiatives to Offset the Federal Retreat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing is a major economic factor for any region. Over the last several years, dramatically increased housing prices in New England have cast doubt on the region's ability to sustain continued economic growth. Indeed, New England's lack of affordable housing has caused labor shortages and other problems for New England businesses. With the federal government slashing its housing assistance in

Rebecca Stevens

1989-01-01

284

Government Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

... further information, visit www.cms.hhs.gov , the Web site of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). SSI (Supplemental Security Income) The government's SSI (Supplemental Security Income) program ...

285

Housing, Design, and Furnishings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains teacher's materials for a six-unit secondary education vocational home economics course on housing, design, and furnishings. The units cover: (1) the societal aspects of housing (including the relationship between housing and the economy, population trends, and culture-related housing characteristics); (2) family housing

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

286

South African Local Government Efficiency Measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

South Africa has experienced immense changes in the post-apartheid era and coordinated local public policy has sought to expand and improve the level of basic services provided to disadvantaged people. Local government has played a pivotal role in this process and has been subjected to intense reform in an effort to enhance its effectiveness and broaden its range of activities.

Gert van der Westhuizen; Brian Dollery

2009-01-01

287

Emerging Strategies for Private-Sector Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report delineates five governance strategies in U.S. corporations that have emerged over the last 20 years: (1) reform of corporate boards, which includes the role of boards and implementation approaches; (2) organizational improvement, which details employee involvement, total quality management, and reengineering; (3) developing team-based…

Gibson, Cristina

288

Pension Reform and Financial Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of the links between pension reform and financial markets has two aspects. One concerns the preconditions in terms of financial sector development for the successful implementation of pension reform, while the other refers to the long-term impact of pension reform on the development of financial markets. This paper argues that pension reform and the promotion of private pension

Dimitri Vittas

289

Catalytic reforming methods  

DOEpatents

A catalytic reforming method is disclosed herein. The method includes sequentially supplying a plurality of feedstocks of variable compositions to a reformer. The method further includes adding a respective predetermined co-reactant to each of the plurality of feedstocks to obtain a substantially constant output from the reformer for the plurality of feedstocks. The respective predetermined co-reactant is based on a C/H/O atomic composition for a respective one of the plurality of feedstocks and a predetermined C/H/O atomic composition for the substantially constant output.

Tadd, Andrew R; Schwank, Johannes

2013-05-14

290

The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than change in educational politics. It also shows that these have been constrained by the militant and powerful National Teachers' Union. Although the new government has achieved some progress in equity and management, the quality of education can be seen to remain inferior.

Ornelas, Carlos

2004-07-01

291

Abortion law reform in Nepal.  

PubMed

Across four decades of political and social action, Nepal changed from a country strongly enforcing oppressive abortion restrictions, causing many poor women's long imprisonment and high rates of abortion-related maternal mortality, into a modern democracy with a liberal abortion law. The medical and public health communities supported women's rights activists in invoking legal principles of equality and non-discrimination as a basis for change. Legislative reform of the criminal ban in 2002 and the adoption of an Interim Constitution recognizing women's reproductive rights as fundamental rights in 2007 inspired the Supreme Court in 2009 to rule that denial of women's access to abortion services because of poverty violated their constitutional rights. The government must now provide services under criteria for access without charge, and services must be decentralized to promote equitable access. A strong legal foundation now exists for progress in social justice to broaden abortion access and reduce abortion stigma. PMID:24890742

Upreti, Melissa

2014-08-01

292

Healthcare policies over the last 20 years: reforms and counter-reforms.  

PubMed

The case argued in this article is that the last two decades have been characterised by distinct waves of healthcare reforms. The first, in the early 1990s, aimed to introduce more patients' choice and greater competition between the components of the healthcare system. The second, from 1995 to 2000, had the opposite aim of introducing greater integration and regulation. From 2000 onwards, the policy issue more in vogue has been the strengthening of patients' rights. Looking for the motives behind these reform strategies, this article aims to show how the ideological leaning of the governments in power affects the content of reform initiatives. The analysis presents evidence drawn from six OECD countries: France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden and UK. PMID:19963298

Toth, Federico

2010-04-01

293

25 CFR 256.12 - Who administers the Housing Improvement Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... The Housing Improvement Program is administered by a servicing housing office operated by: (a) A Tribe, under a Pub. L. 93-638 contract or a self-governance annual funding agreement; or (b) The Bureau of Indian...

2011-04-01

294

76 FR 79050 - Federal Home Loan Bank Housing Goals: Mortgage Reporting Amendments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AGENCY 12 CFR Part 1281 RIN 2590-AA48 Federal Home Loan Bank Housing Goals: Mortgage Reporting Amendments AGENCY...regulation governing housing goals for the Federal Home Loan Banks (Banks) to make those requirements consistent with other...

2011-12-21

295

78 FR 39539 - Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs By the authority vested...sustain prosperous and resilient Native American tribal governments, it is hereby...established the White House Council on Native American Affairs (Council). The...

2013-07-01

296

Reforming the World Bank: From Social-Liberalism to Neo-Liberalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an analytics of government perspective, it is argued that neo-liberalism as an art of government, especially its form as North American advanced liberal political reason, has shaped enterprise governance and managerial reform at the World Bank. With a focus on the World Bank as a financial banking enterprise, the article explores questions…

Girdwood, John

2007-01-01

297

NETL - Fuel Reforming Facilities  

ScienceCinema

Research using NETL's Fuel Reforming Facilities explores catalytic issues inherent in fossil-energy related applications, including catalyst synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, catalyst activity and selectivity, catalyst deactivation, and stability.

None

2014-06-27

298

Comments on Regulatory Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nuclear regulatory reform is divided into two parts. The first part contains all those matters for which new legislation is required. The second part concerns all those matters that are within the power of the Commission under existing statutes. Recommend...

J. M. Hendrie

1982-01-01

299

Blueprints for Reform: Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Blueprints for Reform is a summation of reports offering teachers, parents, policymakers, business leaders, and others a starting point for their exploration of the education system and its response to reform. This chapter looks at how student assessment in American schools might be redesigned to match the goals of science education reform put forth in that are exemplified in efforts such as Project 2061's Benchmarks for Science Literacy. It is divided into three sections that describe current assessment practice in the United States, suggest changes that are needed in order for science reform goals to be implemented, and explore possibilities and recommendations for closing the gap between current practice and a more ideal vision of science assessment.

300

Government Regulatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Government regulation of food products, food processing, and food preparation is imperative in bringing an unadulterated, nonmisleading, and safe food product to market and is relevant to all areas of food science, including engineering, processing, chemistry, and microbiology. The liability associated with providing consumers with an adulterated or substandard product cannot only tarnish a company's name and reputation, but also impose substantial financial repercussions on the company and those individuals who play an active role in the violation. In order for a company to fully comply with the relevant food laws (both federal and state), an intimate knowledge of food science is required. Individuals knowledgeable in food science play an integral role not only in implementing and counseling food companies/processors to ensure compliance with government regulations, but these individuals are also necessary to the state and federal governments that make and enforce the relevant laws and regulators.

Becker, Katie

301

Quality Health Coverage for All Americans? Distinctions of Deservingness in the Health Care Reform Debates  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the shouts of ?You lie!? and ?Keep the government out of my Medicare!? to threats of ?Obama death panels? and promises to ?assure affordable, quality health coverage for all Americans,? health care reform is the foremost social policy debate in the U.S. in the wake of the global economic crisis. Certainly the contemporary debates around health care reform in

Susanne Beechey

302

Environmental sustainability and land reform in South Africa: A neglected dimension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite supportive policy frameworks and increased environmental awareness, a growing body of evidence indicates that environmental sustainability is not central to planning and decision-making processes in land reform in South Africa. Increasing pressures on government to meet land reform targets, cumbersome and often inappropriate environmental assessment procedures, and a confusing multitude of laws all contribute to neglect of long-term environmental

R. P. Wynberg; M. Sowman

2007-01-01

303

Education Policy Reform in Sri Lanka: The Double-Edged Sword of Political Will  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, the Government of Sri Lanka launched a comprehensive set of education reforms designed to promote equitable access to basic education and improvements in learning outcomes. The package of reforms arose as a political response to widespread youth unrest in the late 1980s and attracted considerable "political will", a vague but much vaunted…

Little, Angela W.

2011-01-01

304

China: Reform and the Role of the Plan in the 1990s.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The focus of the report is on the Chinese government's reform and development policies for the decade of the nineties. The assessment is based on a review of the successes and failures of China's reform experience over the past decade. Particular attentio...

1992-01-01

305

Legitimating Leadership in Southern Thai Schools: Considering Local Responses to Neoliberal Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mounting religious-ethnic tensions and broad-scale reform have precipitated reconsideration of the mission, traditions, operations and institutional positions of government schools in southern Thailand. The authors report on a study of a dozen schools located in four border provinces adapting to national reforms and regional unrest. The authors…

Maxcy, Brendan; Sungtong, Ekkarin; Nguyen, Thu Suong Thi

2010-01-01

306

Boosting Student Achievement: The Effect of Comprehensive School Reform on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between the late 1980s and early 2000s, schools, districts, states, and the federal government devoted enormous resources to the implementation of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) models. With more than 1.6 billion federal dollars distributed through the Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) project and its successor, the CSR project,…

Gross, Betheny; Booker, T. Kevin; Goldhaber, Dan

2009-01-01

307

The Effects of Reform: Have Teachers Really Lost Their Sense of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we reflect upon what research and other evidence tells us about the effects of many years of sustained, centrally initiated government reforms upon teachers' work, lives and effectiveness. It is important to note that whilst the general intentions of school reform are almost always to improve standards of teaching, learning and…

Day, Christopher; Smethem, Lindsey

2009-01-01

308

Universities and Technology Transfer in Japan: Recent Reforms in Historical Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Japanese government has embarked on a series of reforms aimed at stimulating technology transfer from universities to industry. As a result, technology licensing offices are springing up at many national universities. Advocates hope that these reforms will increase the level of university patenting and licensing, which historically has not been a common mode of technology transfer in Japan. Their

Steven Collins; Hikoji Wakoh

2000-01-01

309

Public Sector Reforms: New Public Management without Marketization? The Danish Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is it possible to imagine New Public Management without marketization? In Denmark the present liberal-conservative Government has, throughout its 10 years in power, designed and implemented more than 15 major management reforms in the public sector. Although most of the reforms are rhetorically firmly rooted in neo-liberal ideologies they have, in practice, promoted tools and mechanisms of the “traditional,” or

John Storm Pedersen; Karl Löfgren

2012-01-01

310

The Post-Modern Rhetoric of Recent Reforms in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last few years, radical neo-liberal reforms have been introduced in the Greek Higher Education sector. The new "reforms" challenge the traditionally high autonomy of Higher Education (HE) institutions in matters of administrative regulations, study structures, assessment of students and teachers. The new rhetoric of the Greek government is…

Gouvias, Dionysios

2012-01-01

311

Toward Health Reform for Seniors in Bermuda: Historical Constraints on Political Possibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2009, as the United States moved toward health care reform, the government of Bermuda implemented its FutureCare program to make health care for seniors more affordable. This article investigates how preferences for reform and its eventual design were shaped by the country's social history and commitment to free market values. Data derive from 36 in-depth interviews with key stakeholders

Edward Alan Miller; Pamela Nadash

2010-01-01

312

Extending Structuration Theory: A Study of an IT-Enabled Budget Reform in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 50 years, governments have been engaged in recurrent reforms to their budgetary systems. New budgetary and managerial techniques and information systems (IS) are often coupled together with the goal of facilitating the adoption of budget reforms. The result is a joint innovation unevenly adopted across different organizations and…

Puron Cid, Gabriel

2010-01-01

313

The Socioeconomic Consequences of "In-Work" Benefit Reform for British Lone Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 1999, the British government enacted the Working Families' Tax Credit, which aimed at encouraging work among low-income families with children. This paper uses panel data collected between 1991 and 2001 to evaluate the effect of this reform on single mothers. We find that the reform led to a substantial increase in their employment rate…

Francesconi, Marco; van der Klaauw, Wilbert

2007-01-01

314

Community Group Practices in Canada: Are They Ready to Reform Their Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Governments and healthcare organizations in Canada are reforming the clinical practice structures and policies to deliver primary care to the population. A key component of primary healthcare reform is the establishment of an interdisciplinary, community-based team approach to patient care. This study was undertaken to provide…

Murray, Suzanne; Silver, Ivan; Patel, Dilip; Dupuis, Martin; Hayes, Sean M.; Davis, Dave

2008-01-01

315

A Social Reminder: What the Public Want from the Education Reform in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Education Commission (EC) of Hong Kong, the advisory body set up by the government on the overall development of education in Hong Kong, began developing a policy of education reform in 1998 and published its blueprint in 2000. In 2006, the EC published its fourth official report on the progress of the reform--"Progress Report on…

Wong, Kai Shung

2010-01-01

316

The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

Mernacaj, Marash

2011-01-01

317

The "Mock Reform" of History Education in Moldova: Actors versus the Script  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to understand the development and debates surrounding a controversial history textbook reform in post-Soviet Moldova. The textbook debate highlighted two identity agendas: first, for politicians and government officials, reforming the curriculum was necessary for the consolidation of a national identity; second, for educators,…

Worden, Elizabeth Anderson

2011-01-01

318

E-government and NPM: a perfect marriage?  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-Government and New Public Management (NPM) are two concepts that are often used in discussions about modernizing government. Both concepts refer to various forms of reform of the public sector and, at least to a certain degree, address the same problems public administration is nowadays confronted with (lack of accountability, underperformance and diminished level of legitimacy, to name a few).The

Vincent Homburg

2004-01-01

319

Determinants of voluntary Internet financial reporting by local government authorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reform of public sector (local and central government) financial reporting in New Zealand in the early 1990s has aligned such reporting with reporting practices in the private sector (business enterprises). Literature examining the behaviour of managers in the public (government) sector suggests that agency relationships in the sector motivate such managers to provide information to enable the monitoring of

Fawzi Laswad; Richard Fisher; Peter Oyelere

2005-01-01

320

Blair House: The President's Guest House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Blair House has been the next-door neighbor of the White House in Washington, DC since 1824 and it is the President's official guest house. The house is named after Francis Preston Blair, who served in President Andrew Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" and he was the consummate political insider during the administrations of Martin Van Buren and Abraham Lincoln. Today, the house also serves as a home for the president-elect in the days before the inauguration. This marvelous website from CSPAN provides visitors with video clips of the house, and it's quite a tour. There are ten short profiles that include views of the principal suite, the drawing room, and the Lincoln Room. The site also has interviews with people who have spent time getting to know the Blair House, including Ambassador Nancy Brinker and Deputy Chief of Protocol Raymond P. Martinez.

321

Opening the Window for ReformMandates, Crises, and Extraordinary PolicyMaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under what conditions are governments within established democratic political systems willing and able to launch ambitious reform programs? In other words, what conjunctural factors generally serve to open the “window” for reform? The central argument of this article is that extraordinary policy-making generally becomes possible only when a macro-window is opened by a government's achievement of an impressive mandate and\\/or

JOHN T. S. KEELER

1993-01-01

322

The Student Success Act: Reforming Federal Accountability Requirements under No Child Left Behind. WebMemo. No. 3461  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On its 10-year anniversary, there is consensus that No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is broken. The debate over how to reform NCLB has generated a number of proposals from both houses of Congress and the Obama Administration, but ideas about how to rewrite the law differ greatly. In early 2012, the House Education and the Workforce Committee introduced…

Burke, Lindsey M.

2012-01-01

323

Too Big To Fail: The Role for Antitrust and Bankruptcy Law in Financial Regulation Reform, Part II  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chris Sagers presented the following written testimony before the House Judiciary Subcommittee on Courts and Competition Policy on November 17, 2009. His testimony concerns the antitrust consequences and the risks to competition posed by the proposed financial regulatory reform package current pending in the House of Representatives - specifically, the package proposed by the Treasury and Financial Services Chairman Barney

Christopher L Sagers

2010-01-01

324

E-Government to Combat Corruption: The Case of Seoul Metropolitan Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Seoul Metropolitan Government adopted a reform measure to combat corruption, called the “OPEN” system, an acronym for the “Online Procedures ENhancement for civil applications,” in January 1999, and the new system went into operation in April 1999. The OPEN system is a Web-based internet service to transact civil applications for permits, registrations, procurements, contracts, and approvals submitted online by

Yong Hyo Cho; Byung-Dae Choi

2004-01-01

325

Reform of medical education in Korea.  

PubMed

There are 41 medical schools in South Korea with over 3500 students graduating from the medical schools annually with the appropriate qualifications to practice medicine. Korean medical educators have made significant efforts to enhance the effectiveness of medical education by preparing students for the rapidly changing global environment of medicine and healthcare. This article outlines the reform efforts made by Korean medical schools to meet such demands, which includes the adoption of student-centered and competency-based education, e-learning, and authentic assessment of clinical performance. It also discusses the recent reform of the medical education system, driven by the Government's policy to prepare Korean higher education for an increasingly knowledge-based society. PMID:20163225

Kim, Kyong-Jee; Kee, Changwon

2010-01-01

326

Renewing the Holy Grail of human motivation in the delivery of public service : Evidence from Ghana's Local Government Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper draws on a recent case study in Ghana that explored the human resource development (HRD) challenges facing local government in a reforming public sector. It aims to investigate how public sector reform (PSR) has affected worker motivation and effectiveness among civil servants (bureaucrats) serving local government at all levels of operation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on an

Kwabena Barima Antwi

2009-01-01

327

A House Divided: Community Politics and Education Reform in Detroit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the inherent dilemma evident in attempts to promote decentralization in urban public schools by examining the situation in the Detroit (Michigan) school system. Results indicate that efforts at promoting decentralization may, over time, produce counterpressures to recentralize decision making. (Author/SLD)

Jelier, Richard W.; Hula, Richard C.

1999-01-01

328

Explicit reforms, implicit theories and public service improvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework for the explication of the theoretical basis of public management reforms is developed. The framework is applied to the Best Value regime in UK local government. The implicit assumptions of policy makers are that the Best Value regime will generate service improvements through changes in organizational structures, processes, culture and strategy content. Empirical evidence on the relationship between

George Boyne; Steve Martin; Richard Walker

2004-01-01

329

Decentralization of Educational Development Reforms in Nigeria: A Comparative Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to seek to appraise regional compliance to decentralization laws establishing Education Boards and Committees since the Nigerian Government has for some time now been making efforts aimed at reforming her educational system. Design/methodology/approach: Employing ex post facto design, the study uses survey…

Ikoya, Peter O.

2007-01-01

330

The Reform of New Zealand's University System: "After Neoliberalism"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the legacy of three decades of neoliberal reforms on New Zealand's university system. By tracing the different government policies during this period, it seeks to contribute to wider debates about the trajectory of contemporary universities in an age of globalisation. Since Lyotard's influential report on "The Postmodern…

Shore, Cris

2010-01-01

331

Cambodian Refugee Families in the Shadows of Welfare Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Provisions in the 1996 Federal Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, commonly known as welfare reform, sought to limit refugees and other legal immigrants’ access to government services and assistance. Although the 1997 Balanced Budget Act restored some benefits to those who arrived before the law was passed, little is known about how refugee families navigated the new welfare

Karen Quintiliani

2009-01-01

332

How Far Have Public Financial Management Reforms Come in Africa?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper asks how strong African Public Financial Management (PFM) has become, after a decade and more of reform. How well do African PFM systems in place now facilitate effective public financial management? Where are the next challenges and how can they be met? It analyzes recent PFM assessments in 31 governments to answer these questions, identifying patterns of strengths

Matthew R. Andrews

2010-01-01

333

Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

Galway, Gerald

2012-01-01

334

Three Channels of Education in Developing Countries: Some Needed Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the three channels for education in developing countries: schools, or the formal education system; modern nonformal education through mass media and government programs; and the traditional incidental education serving most of the people. Suggests reforms in all channels to emphasize adult and continuing education. (MF)

Naik, J. P.

1979-01-01

335

Reform and Change in Higher Education: International Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of nine articles presents case studies of educational reform and change in 10 nations, focusing on the changing role of government involvement in higher education. The articles are: (1) "University-State Relations in Britain: Paradigm of Autonomy" (Peter Scott); (2) "Changing Conceptions of State-University Relations: The Israeli…

Mauch, James E., Ed.; Sabloff, Paula L. W., Ed.

336

Higher Education Reform in Taiwan and Its Implications on Equality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of massification of higher education and the quest for competitiveness, the Taiwanese government has adopted a series of higher education reforms since the late 1990s. While the low birthrate has become a potential threat, recent developments in higher education policies such as the Program for Developing First-Class Universities and…

I-ru, Chen Dorothy

2012-01-01

337

Electricity reform and Gains from the reallocation of resources  

SciTech Connect

Perhaps the greatest beneficiary of electricity reform in Australia was the state government of Victoria itself, which was able to reduce debt levels and post budget surpluses even while increasing expenditure and employment levels in education, health care, and law and order. (author)

Abbott, Malcolm

2007-08-15

338

Public Service Reform in Education: Why Is Progress so Slow?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examines why public-sector reform in education often fails to deliver expected performance gains. Longitudinal evidence from a secondary comprehensive located in a former coalfield is used to identify constraints that frustrate government policies. Although the head and senior staff at Norcross School adopted transformational,…

Barker, Bernard

2009-01-01

339

Welfare Reform and Lone Parents in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last thirty years saw dramatic increases in the proportion of children living in lone parent households. In 1997 the incoming Labour government initiated a series of policy reforms aimed at reducing this high level of child poverty. A key element of their strategy was a move towards increasing employment rates among families with children by a combination of increased

Paul Gregg; Susan Harkness; Sarah Smith

2007-01-01

340

Public Opinion and Health Care Reform for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent polling data suggest that there is a growing consensus to pay special attention to children's needs in the health care reform debate. The public generally desires children to have greater access to health care services, even if this would mean higher taxes, but is unsure that government is the best vehicle to provide such services. (MDM)

Bales, Susan Nall

1993-01-01

341

Chile: Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In March 2001, Human Rights Watch released this new report. "Chile: Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform" examines the failure of the current democratic government of Chile to repeal repressive laws established and enforced under Pinochet, including laws that criminalize speech and make "contempt of authority" a crime against the state.

2001-01-01

342

Brave New World: Higher Education Reform in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways,…

Aarrevaara, Timo; Dobson, Ian R.; Elander, Camilla

2009-01-01

343

Corporal Punishment and the Politics of Indian Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a case study of reform movement dynamics in the Bureau of Indian Affairs in 1930. Discusses the use of excessive corporal punishment at the Phoenix Indian School. Describes the way in which John Collier used the issue of brutality in government boarding schools to bring down the Bureau of Indian Affairs administration. (KO)

Trennert, Robert A.

1989-01-01

344

Mine safety and health act. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session, February 18 and 19, 1982  

SciTech Connect

A rising trend in mine accidents and deaths coupled with a reduction in the enforcement of safety regulations prompted this two-day hearing to determine whether budget cuts were a factor. The statements of 14 witnesses included the views of coal miners and operators, mine inspectors, and government agencies charged with administering and enforcing mining laws. Witnesses described the fear that prevails underground and with the families of miners. At issue was the failure to use allocated funds to conduct the four required annual inspections. A Department of Labor Deputy Inspector General described the efforts of his office to focus on criminal investigations instigated by informants within the mining industry. He defended the level of enforcement and the cooperation received from Mining Safety and Health Administration personnel. (DCK)

Not Available

1983-01-01

345

Comprehensive Solutions for Urban Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The comprehensive school reform (CSR) models build consistency throughout a district while addressing the needs of individual schools. The high-quality CSR programs offer a most effective option for urban education reform.

Kilgore, Sally

2005-01-01

346

Health sector reforms in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons of the last 10 years.  

PubMed

Over the past 10 years the poorest countries, especially in Africa, have struggled with worsening economic conditions and reduced public finance for health services. Some governments have responded in a piecemeal fashion, reacting to internal and external pressures. Others have embarked on major reforms of various aspects of their health systems. This paper reviews two specific types of strategy that have been initiated by governments: reform of financing strategies, and reform of public sector organization and procedures. Particular attention is paid to the experience of introducing user fees, community financing and decentralization since these have been some of the most popular strategies. The paper describes the nature, objectives and extent of reforms. It then presents an evaluation framework related to the criteria of efficiency and equity, and evaluates current reform experience using this framework. It concludes that assessment of the potential impact of reforms on efficiency and equity is undermined by the limited duration of many reforms and the limited nature of existing evaluations. It is clear, however, that a policy package is required rather than implementation of isolated reform strategies, and that in order to design an effective policy package, more needs to be known about the implementation and operation of reforms--particularly with respect to the influence of context, actors and processes. PMID:10156640

Gilson, L; Mills, A

1995-01-01

347

Solar benefits for mass housing in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The South African Government intends to build one million houses and to electrify 2. 5 million homes in the next 5 years. Only once in a nation's lifetime does such an opportunity occur for solar and low-energy architecture to benefit all. Solar power, solar hot water and thermal design of housing present substantial savings to home owners and the nation.

Brian G. A. Schaller

1996-01-01

348

The sale of council houses: a cautionary note  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sale of council houses has for some time been one of the more contenious issues in the economics of housing in the UK. Of late, the focus of the debate has been on the financial consequences of such sales for local authorities and central government both in the short and long-term. One area of particular current interest is the

John Sutton; Christine Whitehead

1982-01-01

349

Labor Rekindles Reform  

PubMed Central

The health care crisis is back. There is intensifying sentiment across the country that universal coverage is our only way out. The labor movement has used historically such opportunities for change to win health benefits at the bargaining table and strengthen the social safety net. Eighty years of incremental victories and many failed attempts at major health reform have taught labor a crucial lesson: we must build a powerful grassroots movement to drive our effort to achieve universal coverage, or it is doomed to be corrupted by those wedded to the status quo. Now is the right time for reform.

Stern, Andrew L.

2003-01-01

350

Price Run-up in Housing Markets, Access to Bank Lending and House Prices in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the causal relationship between house prices and the access to bank lending in Kangnam, the hottest submarket\\u000a in Seoul and four ‘cold’ markets which have shown relatively modest price increases. In response to the rapid escalation of\\u000a house prices in Seoul, primarily in Kangnam in recent years, the Korean government implemented a number of policies to stabilize

Sae Woon Park; Doo Woan Bahng; Yun W. Park

2010-01-01

351

House Concurrent Resolution 391 (supporting the government of Alberta in a feasibility study for extracting oil from oil sands and the US company which has developed a new solvent extraction technology). Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session, October 18, 1988  

SciTech Connect

This resolution recommends the US government support the Provincial Government of Alberta, Canada, in a feasibility study for extracting oil and other materials from the Athabasca deposit. The study would answer questions about the potential of tar sands in both the US and Canada and at the same time would support a US company which has developed a new solvent extraction method. The Athabasca deposit not only shows potential for oil production but in the recovery of titanium, zirconium, and other minerals which are classified as strategic by the US Department of Defense. The Solv-Ex Process is an environmentally benign solvent extraction technology developed by the Solv-Ex Corporation of Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Not Available

1988-01-01

352

Assessing Alternative Military Family Housing Assignment Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Government Accounting Office (GAO), in a 1979 report, recommended that priority for assignment to military family housing be given to personnel who can least afford to live off base (E-1--E-3). The purpose of this effort was to evaluate modifications ...

R. Hutchins, M. Rowe

1982-01-01

353

Urban land lease and social housing programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In central European countries like Austria and Germany local governments typically use upfront public grants to assist private investment in social rented housing. Producer subsidies of this type are often criticised for creating rationing effects, crowding out private investment and other negative externalities. This paper sets out a scheme for unrationed public grants which serves to co?ordinate investment processes over

Edwin Deutsch

1996-01-01

354

Alternative Housing Price Indices: An Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on research in which eleven alternative housing price indices are constructed for two Vancouver neighbourhoods for the period from 1957 to 1979. Three criteria for good indices are presented, and the eleven indices, as well as several government and industry indices are evaluated in accordance with those criteria. It is determined that, almost surprisingly, an index based

Jonathan H. Mark; Michael A. Goldberg

1984-01-01

355

House Votes Federal R&D Spending  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent actions by the House of Representatives concerning the funding of federal research and development agencies are detailed. While most government agencies will receive more money next year, NSF, ERDA, NASA, and the EPA will receive less money than the administration had requested. (BT)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1977

1977-01-01

356

What made Ataturk's reforms possible?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies on Ataturk's reforms focus on the intentions of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, but the intentions alone do not explain how the reforms became possible. This paper rather looks at the conditions prevailing at the time of the reforms. It shows that, as a result of a variety of factors, both domestic and international, the state and society in Turkey

Birol Ba?kan

2010-01-01

357

Kudzu, Rabbits, and School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Essay on school reform argues that quality teachers are key to successful reform, not reform rhetoric by state governors and U.S. Presidents. Asserts that primary mission of schooling is to provide students an educational apprenticeship in democracy. Qualified, caring, competent teachers are essential to accomplish this mission. (PKP)

Goodlad, John I.

2002-01-01

358

Prospects for Health Care Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This editorial reviews areas of health care reform including managed health care, diagnosis-related groups, and the Resource-Based Relative Value Scale for physician services. Relevance of such reforms to people with developmental disabilities is considered. Much needed insurance reform is not thought to be likely, however. (DB)

Kastner, Theodore

1992-01-01

359

Women, Children, and Welfare Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Who are the targets of welfare reform? How should welfare be reformed? How are the issues of reforming welfare and the national interest in investing in children related, ideologically and strategically? This article sheds light on these questions by discussing the poverty status of female-headed families with children, the impact of public income transfers on reducing the poverty rate of

Martha N. Ozawa

1994-01-01

360

The Latest Chapter in Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As David Tyack and Larry Cuban demonstrate in "Tinkering Toward Utopia," the history of U.S. education reforms is that of mixed success and failure. Characteristics of reforms that take hold in schools include those that involve building new facilities, are easy to administer, and are legally mandated. Another major school reform initiative, the…

Imber, Michael

2003-01-01

361

Perspective of the superintendent's house, assistant superintendent's house, and pump ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Perspective of the superintendent's house, assistant superintendent's house, and pump house near Highway 101. View to the northeast. - Prairie Creek Fish Hatchery, Hwy. 101, Orick, Humboldt County, CA

362

Hydrogen Production via a High-Efficiency Low-Temperature Reformer  

SciTech Connect

Fuel cells are promoted by the US government as a viable alternative for clean and efficient energy generation. It is anticipated that the fuel cell market will rise if the key technical barriers can be overcome. One of them is certainly fuel processing and purification. Existing fuel reforming processes are energy intensive, extremely complicated and capital intensive; these disadvantages handicap the scale-down of existing reforming process, targeting distributed or on-board/stationary hydrogen production applications. Our project involves the bench-scale demonstration of a high-efficiency low-temperature steam reforming process. Hydrogen production can be operated at 350 to 400ºC with our invention, as opposed to >800ºC of existing reforming. In addition, our proposed process improves the start-up deficiency of conventional reforming due to its low temperature operation. The objective of this project is to demonstrate the invented process concept via a bench scale unit and verify mathematical simulation for future process optimization study. Under this project, we have performed the experimental work to determine the adsorption isotherm, reaction kinetics, and membrane permeances required to perform the process simulation based upon the mathematical model developed by us. A ceramic membrane coated with palladium thin film fabricated by us was employed in this study. The adsorption isotherm for a selected hydrotalcite adsorbent was determined experimentally. Further, the capacity loss under cyclic adsorption/desorption was confirmed to be negligible. Finally a commercial steam reforming catalyst was used to produce the reaction kinetic parameters required for the proposed operating condition. With these input parameters, a mathematical simulation was performed to predict the performance of the invented process. According to our simulation, our invented hybrid process can deliver 35 to 55% methane conversion, in comparison with the 12 and 18-21% conversion of the packed bed and an adsorptive reactor respectively. In addition CO contamination with <10 to 120 ppm is predicted for the invented process depending upon the cycle time for the PSA type operation. In comparison, the adsorption reactor can also deliver a similar CO contaminant at the low end; however, its high end reaches as high as 300 ppm based upon the simulation of our proposed operating condition. Our experimental results for the packed bed and the membrane reactor deliver 12 and 18% conversion at 400°C, approaching the conversion by the mathematical simulation. Due to the time constraint, the experimental study on the conversion of the invented process has not been complete. However, our in-house study using a similar process concept for the water gas shift reaction has demonstrated the reliability of our mathematical simulation for the invented process. In summary, we are confident that the invented process can deliver efficiently high purity hydrogen at a low temperature (~400°C). According to our projection, the invented process can further achieve 5% energy savings and ~50% capital savings over conventional reforming for fuel cell applications. The pollution abatement potential associated with the implementation of fuel cells, including the elimination of nitrogen oxides and CO, and the reduction in volatile organics and CO2, can thus be realized with the implementation of this invented process. The projected total market size for equipment sale for the proposed process in US is $1.5 billion annually.

Paul KT Liu; Theo T. Tsotsis

2006-05-31

363

Children and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

2002-01-01

364

Welfare Reform Briefing Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information on the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program in light of efforts at welfare reform. Following a listing of whom to call at the Children's Defense Fund (CDF) regarding various welfare issues, the report's first section, "Basic Facts on Welfare," presents information on the AFDC in a…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

365

Scaling up Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The SCALE-UP (Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment for Undergraduate Programs) project was developed to implement reforms designed for small classes into large physics classes. Over 50 schools across the country, ranging from Wake Technical Community College to Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), have adopted it for classes of…

Gaffney, Jon D. H.; Richards, Evan; Kustusch, Mary Bridget; Ding, Lin; Beichner, Robert J.

2008-01-01

366

Examining Comprehensive School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban school reformers for decades have tried to improve educational outcomes for underserved and disadvantaged students, with the assistance of constantly evolving federal and state policies. In recent years, education policies have shifted from targeting individual students to developing universal standards for teaching and learning, and…

Aladjem, Daniel K., Ed.; Borman, Kathryn M., Ed.

2006-01-01

367

Sex and School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Predicts that reformers will not attack sex education as an inappropriate addition to otherwise rigorous academic programs. Examines (1) some of the political, social, and practical reasons behind this avoidance and (2) the ineffectiveness of existing programs in preventing teenage pregnancies. Suggests that sex education programs may even hinder…

Cuban, Larry

1986-01-01

368

Reforming Teacher Pay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent Google search for information regarding performance pay in education produced 6.1 million results. This number should come as no surprise given the current level of interest in incentives as a popular reform option in public education. Supporters believe pay-for-performance programs encourage less effective teachers to improve and will…

Burns, Susan Freeman; Gardner, Catherine D.

2010-01-01

369

Reform and Resistance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is the 7th in a series of AAHE research reports. It summarizes research that has been done on academic reform and the resistance to it and speculates what this research implies for future practice. Academic or curricular change is first of all organizational change and colleges and universities are organized and run in such a way as…

Hefferlin, JB Lon

370

Reforming Underperforming High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban high schools are in trouble--high dropout rates, low student academic achievement, and graduates who are unprepared for college are just some of the disappointing indicators. However, recent research points to a select number of approaches to improving student outcomes and reforming underperforming schools--from particular ways of creating…

MDRC, 2013

2013-01-01

371

Reform on the Move  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aurora (Colorado) Public Schools responded to the Colorado State Model Content Standards for Reading and Writing and the accountability measures attached to the state assessments by implementing the Aurora Achievement Initiative in 2001. Originating from literature on best practices and large-scale school reform, the goal of the districtwide…

Clark, Janet; Otte, Michelle; Fair, Lynn

2006-01-01

372

Mastering School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School organizations must become responsive and flexible to address rapidly changing social, economic, and demographic conditions. Reform attempts to date have not worked because they were layered on old structures and perceptions in a fragmented, piecemeal fashion. The fundamental transformation of education that is required demands a paradigm…

Goens, George A.; Clover, Sharon I. R.

373

Housing Allowances and Existing Housing Regulations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is concerned with the potential interaction between Direct Cash Assistance for Housing (DCA) and the State and local regulation of the supply of housing services. It considers how the design of DCA might take existing State and local regulatio...

M. L. Isler R. E. Agus

1975-01-01

374

Education Reform as it Relates to Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Four decades of educational reform efforts from the nineteen sixties have not significantly improved our schools. It is believed that in the equation of educational reform, leadership and power in educational reform have mitigated against educational reform through the misapplicaiton of examination and accountability. A major subset of the field on public administration is accountability. Accountability is widely used in government although the concept is loosely defined. Most often it is used to express public frustration, to call for control, and to transmit a range of political agendas. Any accountability framework originates from the American model of shared powers between independent governmental bodies. It allows for institutions to depend on and accommodate other institutions. Accountability assumes that individuals or agencies may hold accountable for their performance. This assumes that there is a unidirectional flow of power and influence between a controlling partner and a controlled partner. This assumption is false. Individual administrators are exposed to the authority and persuasion within a democratic framework. Educators are also confronted with control mechanisms that are rooted in the organizational and professional standards and disciplinary standards regardless of whether any democratic controls are evoked. Accountability relationships have the potential to become quite complicated. Performance evaluation is significant to every accountability relationship. In the public sector, the citizens hold government accountable and the idea of performance evaluation is relative at best, however, in education the use of examination for accountability allows for the misapplication of the exam and affects education reform in negative ways.

Elliott, R. J.

2005-05-01

375

World Poultry Market-Government Intervention and Multilateral Policy Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Trade liberalization by countries with industrial market economies would probably increase world trade in poultry meat products and decrease consumer prices in many countries. Thus, countries with efficient producers, such as the United States, Thailand, ...

R. V. Bishop L. A. Christensen S. Mercer L. Witucki

1990-01-01

376

World Pork Market-Government Intervention and Multilateral Policy Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pork is the most widely produced meat product. Approximately 85 percent of the world's production occurs in five regional groupings. A number of smaller producers are responsible for a significant portion of world trade in pork. The regions and countries ...

S. D. Shagam

1990-01-01

377

Judging Teachers: Foucault, Governance and Agency during Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over a decade after publication of "Thinking Again: Education After Postmodernism" (1998) contention still emerges among Foucaultians over whether discursively made-up things really exist, and whether removal of the constituent subject leaves room for agency within techniques of caring for the self. That these questions are kept alive shows that…

Stickney, Jeff A.

2012-01-01

378

76 FR 14273 - Government Reform for Competitiveness and Innovation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...global economy; (b) the responsibilities, authorities, programs, and requirements of agencies should be transparent, understandable, and easily accessible to the American public; and (c) agencies and programs should be organized to reduce...

2011-03-16

379

Electronic government: Government capability and terrorist resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

The federal government's war on terrorism has heightened understanding and appreciation of the many facets of electronic government. Electronic government is used as a resource in the war on terrorism, helping to prevent and prepare for attacks. It might also prove useful in recovering from attacks. Unfortunately, e-government itself is a likely target for terrorists. Cyber intrusions into government Web

L. Elaine Halchin

2004-01-01

380

Changing Framework of Local Governance and Community Participation in Elementary Education in India. Research Monograph No. 35  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, strengthening and better functioning of local governance have become prime concerns of educational reform agenda. Establishment of effective local governance has been part of overall changes in educational governance for several years in many countries including India. It is now widely recognized that effective local governance

Govinda, R; Bandyopadhyay, Madhumita

2010-01-01

381

Housing Management: Communications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program is centered around two news publications aimed at public relations: one for general distribution among housing residents each month, the other a quarterly ne...

1976-01-01

382

Post-2000 Law-Based Educational Governance in Israel: From Equality to Diversity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses patterns of post 2000 governance in Israel's education system. Drawing upon literature on educational regimes, governance in neo-liberal societies (for example, the UK and the USA), law-based educational reform and policy analysis, this study sets out to inquire how Israel's system was governed with minimal legislation for 60…

Gibton, Dan

2011-01-01

383

The new public management, e-government and the notion of 'public value': lessons from Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-government has increasingly become one of the keys government's interests. This paper discusses e- government within the context of governmental reforms heavily influenced by the New Public Management (NPM). The general vision of NPM supposes that the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) will enhance efficiency, policy effectiveness and democratic values (OCDE 2003). Based on the concept of 'public

Carla M. Bonin; Antonio Cordell

2008-01-01

384

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

1992-01-01

385

Housing, Illiquidity, and Wealth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a model of asset allocation relevant for the representative consumer. Consumption is composed of two items: housing, and other goods and services. The representative household's balance sheet consists largely of a house and a mortgage. Its income statement is dominated by labor earnings, constraining cash expenditures. Housing-market behavior thus underlies intertemporal wealth and consumption allocation. With a

Peter Chinloy

1999-01-01

386

Housing; Policy Statement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented by the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) are background information and policy statements on community housing, use of rehabilitation centers, housing for children, and housing for aged persons who are visually handicapped. Because of society's adherence to the concept of the single family home it is maintained that institutional…

American Foundation for the Blind, New York, NY.

387

House Prices and Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

I study the consumption responses of heterogeneous households following changes in both house prices and interest rates. I show the common assumption that household period utility is separable in housing and consumption can be consistent with the observed co-movement between these two series only in the absence of housing transaction costs. When these costs are introduced into dynamic stochastic general

In Ho Song

2010-01-01

388

Equal Opportunity in Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of developments in housing opportunities for minorities and women includes an historical review of housing discrimination, its nature, and its effects. Federal legislation and Federal actions which were taken to assure equal housing opportunities for women and minorities are described. Other topic areas addressed include minority…

Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

389

Hood River Passive House.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design a...

D. Hales

2013-01-01

390

The Tarascan Indian House.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan introduces K-grade three students to Mexican Indian architecture. Students will become familiar with the cultural context of the Indian treasure house; discuss the use of wood as the sole building material; compare the treasure house with present day structures; and create miniature treasure houses using wood materials. (GEA)

Quinn, Joyce

1989-01-01

391

A Discourse Analysis of Australian Local Government Recreation and Sport Plans Provision For People with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public sector reforms in Australia have been promoted as ensuring efficiencies and accountability. As a response to these reform requirements, Australian local governments publically provide documented plans regarding service provision. While these documented plans may generally be perceived as value-neutral, they have the potential to imbed particular ideologies as well as ensure certain viewpoints remain entrenched in the current social

Richard McGrath

2009-01-01

392

Nothing But Praise: Thoughts on the Ties Between Higher Education and the Federal Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Study Commission on Undergraduate Education and the Education of Teachers is charged by the U. S. Office of Education to concern itself with the reforming of undergraduate education as it relates to the education of teachers. Part of the process of reform is likely to involve the federal government's granting of money to institutions of higher…

Pino, Lewis N.; Boulding, Kenneth

393

Annual Demographic Data for Migrant Family Housing Centers: 1985 Harvest Season.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California, largest employer of seasonal labor in the United States, employs an average of 119,600 seasonal farmworkers per year. To ease problems of housing this seasonal workforce, the State Department of Housing and Community Development's Office of Migrant Services contracts with local government agencies to provide decent/affordable housing

California State Dept. of Housing and Community Development, Sacramento.

394

"A Place of Our Own"? Teenage Mothers' Views on Housing Needs and Support Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 2003, government policy has required local authorities to provide support when they house lone teenage parents seeking accommodation. This qualitative study addresses young mothers' routes into housing need and their experiences of housing access and support, drawing on interview and focus group data collected in 2003. The findings emphasise…

Cooke, Jo; Owen, Jenny

2007-01-01

395

Vers une mini-reforme de l'orthographe? A propos d'un arrete officiel sur certaines licences orthographiques (Toward a Mini-Reform of the Orthography? Concerning an Official Decree Regarding Certain Orthographic Sanctions).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finds that the latest (1976) decree of the French government regarding spelling reform, like previous decrees, is not likely to help much, and laments that a thorough and systematic reform is not undertaken, in order to abolish at least the most illogical and inconsistent rules. (IFS/WGA)

Barrerra-Vidal, Albert

1978-01-01

396

Evaluation of Alternative Housing Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper evaluates six housing programs: two supply-subsidy programs (cost reduction and public housing), two recent-regulation programs (Section 8 existing, housing assistance and rent control), and two demand-subsidy programs (housing allowances and u...

C. P. Rydell

1983-01-01

397

Village of Baldwinsville. Housing Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents an overview of the housing need in the village of Baldwinsville, based on current demographic data. General population, economic and housing characteristics are analyzed as they relate to housing need. The particular housing needs of t...

1973-01-01

398

Integrating Visual Aids in Teaching Local Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a visual aids facility created to enhance college classroom work in land use, planning, urban administration, local government, and real estate. The facility has two major features: mounted aerial photographs and a visual aids display case that houses a transparent overlay system. (RM)

Koehler, Cortus T.

1984-01-01

399

How Are Immigrants Faring after Welfare Reform? Preliminary Evidence from Los Angeles and New York City. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999 and 2000, immigrants in Los Angeles, California, and New York, New York were aurveyed about their status in the context of welfare reform, examining the living conditions of 3,447 immigrant families roughly 3 years after welfare reform was implemented and several months before the federal government issued guidance about the public charge…

Capps, Randy; Ku, Leighton; Fix, Michael; Furgiuele, Chris; Passel, Jeff; Ramchand, Rajeev; McNiven, Scott; Perez-Lopez, Dan; Fielder, Eve; Greenwell, Michael; Hays, Tonya

400

It's Not about Logic, It's about Logics of Practice: A Case Study of Teacher Education Reform in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional mergers are among the range of government-driven reforms of teacher education and, by extension, the teaching force. Such reforms inevitably provide positive outcomes for some and challenges for others. In this paper the authors focus on the anticipations, experiences and reflections of a group of teacher educators during a period…

Smith, Wayne; Tinning, Richard

2011-01-01

401

Between Systemic Reforms and the Mathematics and Science Classroom: The Dynamics of Innovation, Implementation, and Professional Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review considers studies of large-scale systemic reform initiatives aimed at mathematics and science education, especially those undertaken by state governments and the National Science Foundation. The implementation and effects of reforms can be understood in theoretical terms applied to the study of innovation and change. (SLD)

Knapp, Michael S.

1997-01-01

402

Producing Cosmos? The Explanatory Power of Social Drama for School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The winds of decentralizing reform that have been driving their way through various government education systems across the globe over the best part of two decades have generated a great deal of conflict. In the late 1990s those working in the Western Australian government high school in which I conducted the research reported here found…

Forsey, Martin

2006-01-01

403

Trade, security and neoliberal politics: whither Arab reform? Evidence from the Moroccan case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the growing contrast between the processes of radicalisation and democratisation in the age of global market reforms and the ‘War on Terror’ are not confined to the domestic Moroccan political scene. Political movements, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), civil society, governments, international institutions and foreign governments are all embedded within a growing number of international networks. The central

Sami Zemni; Koenraad Bogaert

2009-01-01

404

Roadblocks to Educational Reform: Investigating Knowledge and Practice of Hong Kong Kindergarten Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early childhood education in Hong Kong is in a transition time. The Hong Kong government's Education Commission is urging the field of early childhood education to engage in a substantial paradigm shift in order to achieve the goals of educational reform (Education Commission, 1999a). Informed by recent overseas research, government directives…

Ling, Li Yuen

2003-01-01

405

African Universities and the State: Prospects for Reform in Senegal and Uganda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In both Senegal and Uganda, higher education reform will occur only if the universities have more administrative and fiscal autonomy. A shift from government participation in governance, enrollment, and use of resources in favor of more indirect control is recommended. However, the specific policy approaches recommended for the two countries…

Eisemon, Thomas Owen; Salmi, Jamil

1993-01-01

406

New Zealand's public sector management reform: Implications for the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the reforms to the functions of central government in New Zealand that have been introduced since 1985. It sketches the political and economic situation which motivated the changes to the systems of public management. Some of the theoretical influences that provided insights to the advice given to the government by its officials are noted. The essential elements

Graham Scott; Ian Ball; Tony Dale

1997-01-01

407

The primacy of politics: charting the governance of the Papua New Guinea health system since independence.  

PubMed

To chart the course of health governance in Papua New Guinea (PNG) since Independence, this article identifies two arks of public sector administration in PNG. Each was instigated by the passing of an Organic Law. The reform periods presaged by the Organic Law on Provincial Government 1976 (OLPG) and the Organic Law on Provincial Governments and Local-level Governments 1995 (OLPGLLG) have fundamentally transformed the political and administrative structures governing the country, and in particularly those relating to health. Comparing the organization of the government-operated health system during each of these reform periods not only reveals why PNG's health services have struggled to improve since Independence, but also casts light on the key drivers of fundamental reforms in PNG. Ultimately, the exercise illustrates the 'primacy of politics', and why political concerns invariably trump service delivery concerns. PMID:21877576

Day, Benjamin

2009-01-01

408

Methanol partial oxidation reformer  

DOEpatents

A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

1999-08-17

409

Methanol partial oxidation reformer  

DOEpatents

A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

1999-08-24

410

[The political project and governance capacities].  

PubMed

This article presents a theoretical overview of personal and institutional governance capacities (experience, leadership and knowledge on the individual level, and organizational capital available on the institutional level) and their relationship to politics and policies in the Latin American context. Using the theoretical production of Carlos Matus regarding the act of governing, diverse dimensions of this problem are put into discussion in relation to other authors and experiences in different historical moments. Theories, methods and techniques of government are explored and the need for state reform with an internal logic is analyzed. It is concluded that there is a need to build a theory for the practice of governing/managing public organizations, and this construction requires creative actions that use theory as a toolbox. PMID:23995541

Spinelli, Hugo

2012-01-01

411

Stabilized reforming catalyst  

SciTech Connect

Thermal stability of a halide-promoted, supported noble metal reforming catalyst is improved by employing a modified alumina support whose alumina precusor comprises at least about 75 weight percent boehmite, having an average crystallite diameter no greater than about 60 angstroms. The thermal stability of the support is improved by the inclusion of a minor amount of silica, preferably added as a low-sodium colloidal silica dispersion to a mull of alumina prior to its extrusion and calcination.

Breder, E.W.; Johnson, M.F.

1981-12-15

412

The Beida Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beida is always linked with a sort of fervor, a sort of moral behavior. Although it is not a world-class university, its connections with China's contemporary and modern history make it a great school. The direct motive behind the reform and the mapping out of its system is the pursuit of a sort of efficiency, but it is possible that what will be…

Kewen, Shu

2004-01-01

413

Methane-steam reforming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature relating to the kinetics of methane-steam reforming involving integral and differential reactor data, porous nickel catalysts and nickel foil, and data over large ranges of temperature (500 to 1700°F), pressure (0.01 to 50 atm), and intrinsic catalyst activities (200,000-fold) was reviewed. A simple reversible first-order kinetic expression for the steam-methane reaction appears to be applicable throughout the operable

Van Hook

1980-01-01

414

Hydrocarbon reforming process  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process for the catalytic reforming of hydrocarbons wherein a hydrogen-rich gas stream passed through the reaction zone on a once-through basis is obtained by passing a hydrogen-containing feed gas stream through an absorber which removes light paraffins. The gas separated from the reaction zone effluent by partial condensation is passed into a stripper as the stripping media used to

Loboda

1978-01-01

415

Proposed Clean Air Act reform draws fire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Congressional hearing on the accomplishments of the U.S. Clean Air Act and subsequent amendments turned into a squabble about whether Bush administration efforts to reform the act would improve or undermine air quality regulations.At the 1 May hearing of the House of Representatives' Subcommittee on Energy and Air Quality, a key sticking point concerned whether an emissions "cap-and-trade" program, which was proposed as part of President George W. Bush's 14 February Clear Skies initiative, would effectively meet air quality standards. The program would provide market-based incentives to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and mercury. Another point of contention was whether such a program would make some current regulations, including new source review of upgraded utility plants, redundant and unnecessary.

Showstack, Randy

416

House moves to block Internet censorship.  

PubMed

Congress has created conflicting amendments to the Communications Decency Act, an amendment to the telecommunications deregulation bill. The Senate amendment contains sweeping language barring objectionable communications online. Observers fear this will block online distribution of AIDS prevention information as well as bar responses by activist's of drug companies and government officials. The House amendments seek to protect online services from liability if they restrict access to objectionable materials, while another amendment seeks to modify obscenity laws to criminalize only some forms of online speech. These conflicts are to be resolved in a House-Senate conference committee whose meeting date is yet to be decided. PMID:11362631

Mirken, B

1995-08-18

417

E-Government and Government's Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-Government is a new form of government organization and administrative mechanism of public affairs, where the government's public sectors realize digitalized and information-based government affairs by means of network communication and other electronic technology, administrate public affairs, and provide public services through network. It is citizen-oriented and regards the improvement of government's public services as the core value. The process

Zhang He

2011-01-01

418

Job Training Reform Act Amendments: Report Together with Additional Values To Accompany H.R. 3033.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Job Training Reform Act Amendments were introduced in the House of Representatives to amend the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) to improve the delivery of services to hard-to-serve youth and adults and for other purposes. This report summarizes this proposed legislation, which was recommended for passage by the Committee on Education and…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

419

What Does Health Care Reform Mean to Children with Special Needs and Their Families?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, thousands of families across the U.S. breathed a sigh of relief at the White House's reassurance: "Reform will eliminate health insurance discrimination against people with disabilities." However, the actual language of the law and the proposed implementation timeline of the…

Minoux, Ankeny

2010-01-01

420

Radon entry control in new house construction  

SciTech Connect

People exposed to high concentration levels of radon face an increased risk of developing lung cancer. The risk is directly proportional to the length and level of radon exposure. Because of health reasons, it is safer to build new houses with radon mitigation systems installed in slab-on-grade houses. However, the interrelationships between parameters and factors governing radon entry and control are highly complex. A study performed by the University of Florida has examined the effectiveness of different radon entry control approaches. The analysis was based on 47 houses from three research projects conducted by the University of Florida (14 houses), Florida Solar Energy Center (13 houses), and GEOMET Technologies (20 houses). The evaluation of the performance and effectiveness of improved floor slabs, space conditioning, and ventilating systems were analyzed. Statistical analyses of the interrelationship between various parameters were also performed. Study findings such as the important factors in reducing radon entry and the effectiveness of passive construction approach and active subslab depressurization systems are presented in this paper. 9 refs., 10 figs., 3 tabs.

Najafi, F.T.; Lalwani, L.; Li, W.G. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

1995-07-01

421

Steam reformer with catalytic combustor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A steam reformer is disclosed having an annular steam reforming catalyst bed formed by concentric cylinders and having a catalytic combustor located at the center of the innermost cylinder. Fuel is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and air is directed at the top of the combustor, creating a catalytic reaction which provides sufficient heat so as to maintain the catalytic reaction in the steam reforming catalyst bed. Alternatively, air is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and a fuel mixture is directed at the top. The catalytic combustor provides enhanced radiant and convective heat transfer to the reformer catalyst bed.

Voecks, Gerald E. (Inventor)

1990-01-01

422

Steam reformer with catalytic combustor  

DOEpatents

A steam reformer is disclosed having an annular steam reforming catalyst bed formed by concentric cylinders and having a catalytic combustor located at the center of the innermost cylinder. Fuel is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and air is directed at the top of the combustor, creating a catalytic reaction which provides sufficient heat so as to maintain the catalytic reaction in the steam reforming catalyst bed. Alternatively, air is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and a fuel mixture is directed at the top. The catalytic combustor provides enhanced radiant and convective heat transfer to the reformer catalyst bed.

Voecks, Gerald E. (La Crescenta, CA)

1990-03-20

423

Post-Tsunami Reconstruction in Sri Lanka: Houses or Housing?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reconstruction can be an opportunity to address longer-term livelihood vulnerability within poor communities and households, and to empower the most vulnerable. The post-tsunami reconstruction efforts in Sri Lanka can be seen on two disconnected scales. On a local scale there seems to be a growing recognition by district-level government and NGOs on the importance of households in creating social, human and financial capital, as demonstrated by many programs targeted at rebuilding livelihoods and income-generating activities. On a national scale, however, programs have revealed an emphasis on houses as the physical capital rather than housing as the arena of social and economic life. The aim of national-scale programs is to deliver tangible and quantifiable products, in the form of houses built, often without regard of whether this complements or disrupts livelihoods. One example of such a directive is the implementation of a coastal buffer zone which will ban any new construction within a 100 to 200 meter band from the ocean and allowing only structures that sustained less than 40 percent damage to remain and rebuild. In general these kind of surviving structures along the coast are businesses such as hotels and restaurants. In an island nation such as Sri Lanka, where beach front property is by and large considered low-income housing, typically inhabited by fishermen who rely on the ocean for their livelihoods, the buffer zone constitutes a drastic oversight of local processes shaping these households. The product-oriented solution on the national scale has resulted in building permanent houses for fishery communities in resettlement sites kilometers away from the ocean. The focus of this presentation will be on reconciling the need for immediate shelter needs with a long-term perspective of livelihood rehabilitation using Sri Lanka as a case study. Houses themselves are often not an immediate priority for local people, whose first need is likely to resume income-generating activities. In normal times, building houses is seen as a multi-stage process often fitted around the local economic calendar: annual farming or fishing cycles for example. Disaster victims may choose to stay in makeshift shelters in the short term, hoping to have more time, money or materials for rebuilding later. A major challenge for the tsunami-stricken areas in Sri Lanka is to find ways of widening public participation in what to date has been a governmental framework that operates on two disconnected scales in its reconstruction efforts. There is a general absence of mechanisms for incorporating community participation into the governmental decision-making process. Local governments might have also been expected to play a larger role in recovery decision making, but frequently lack both the resources and the authority to become actively involved. Lack of participation in the construction process, has led on an over-reliance on outsiders, reinforcing an attitude of raised expectations.

Khazai, B.; Franco, G.; Ingram, J. C.; Rumbaitis del Rio, C.

2005-12-01

424

Oversight Hearing on Education Reform and American Business and the Implementation of the Hawkins-Stafford Amendments of 1988. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, United States House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session (November 20, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testimonies, prepared statements, and supplementary materials presented at a hearing on the role of business in educational reform and implications of the Hawkins-Stafford Amendments of 1988 are compiled in this document. Findings from a survey of state Chapter 1 coordinators are provided, as well as information about the American Business…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education.

425

Early Childhood Education: Improvement through Integration. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (April 21, 2005) Serial No. 109-9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearing transcripts present testimony on removing barriers that may impede the successful integration of Head Start with other programs that serve to prepare disadvantaged children for success. It begins with the prepared statements of Honorable Michael N. Castle, Chairman, Subcommittee on Education Reform, Committee on Education and the…

US House of Representatives, 2005

2005-01-01

426

Foster Care, Child Welfare, and Adoption Reforms. Joint Hearings before the Subcommittee on Public Assistance and Unemployment Compensation of the Committee on Ways and Means and Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session (April 13 and 28; May 12, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A hearing was held to explore issues of foster care, child welfare, and adoption reforms, and to examine the implementation of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Amendments of 1980. The Amendments were designed to emphasize preventive services that would strengthen families, prevent the unnecessary placement of children in foster care,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

427

Fairbanks House Historical Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an inner ring suburb of Boston there sits a home that is over 350 years old. The home was constructed in 1640 in Dedham, and it is considered the oldest timber frame house identified in North America. Visitors to the Boston region area shouldn't miss it, however those who are unable to visit can learn more about this remarkable domicile on this website. Visitors will find plenty of interesting information in the sections titled "The House", "History", and "The Family". In "The House" section, visitors can learn about the houses' unusual history, and view a slideshow of images of the exterior and the interior. Moving over to "History", visitors will find period photographs and documents that provide insightful stories into the house's past inhabitants. Finally, the site also has a fine archaeological blog which talks about the various work that has been done on the house and the grounds.

428

Industrial Relations Reform: Who Are the Pro-Reformers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been considerable changes in the industrial relations landscape in Australia over the past 15 years. This paper utilises a recent survey of large Australian organisations to investigate the characteristics of the organisations that have embraced the industrial relations reform agenda. We find evidence that certain industries, such as Mining, have embraced the reform agenda. We also find that

Tim R. L. Fry; Kelly Jarvis; Joanne Loundes

2003-01-01

429

The Impact of State Behavioral Health Reform on Native American Individuals, Families, and Communities  

PubMed Central

In 2005, the State of New Mexico undertook a sweeping transformation of all publicly funded behavioral health services. The reform was intended to enhance the cultural responsiveness and appropriateness of these services. To examine achievement of this objective, we conducted a qualitative study of the involvement of Native Americans in reform efforts and the subsequent impacts of reform on services for Native Americans. We found that the reform was relatively unsuccessful at creating mechanisms for genuine community input or improving behavioral health care for this population. These shortcomings were related to limited understandings of administrators concerning how tribal governments and health care systems operate, and the structural limitations of a managed care system that does not allow flexibility for culturally appropriate utilization review, screening, or treatment. However, interaction between the State and tribes increased, and we conclude that aspects of the reform could be strengthened to achieve more meaningful involvement and service improvements.

Willging, Cathleen E.; Goodkind, Jessica; Lamphere, Louise; Saul, Gwendolyn; Fluder, Shannon; Seanez, Paula

2012-01-01

430

NASA Tech House  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Technology Utilization House, called Tech House, was designed and constructed at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, to demonstrate new technology that is available or will be available in the next several years and how the application of aerospace technology could help advance the homebuilding industry. Solar energy use, energy and water conservation, safety, security, and cost were major considerations in adapting the aerospace technology to the construction of Tech House.

1977-01-01

431

US Government Balances Budget  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News discusses the recent announcement that the US government has effectively balanced the budget for the first time in 30 years. The eleven resources discussed offer a variety of information on this topic. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) recently issued revised projections showing that the federal budget is effectively in the black and should remain that way in the coming decade. The 1998 deficit was once forecast as high as $120 billion, but the new report shows that it will be only $5 billion, a very small amount compared to the overall annual federal budget of $1.7 trillion. If the economy continues to grow at the same steady pace, lawmakers can expect the last vestiges of the deficit to disappear by 2001 and see surpluses as large as $138 billion by 2008. Despite warnings that the economy could slow down and concerns over spending money we do not yet have, lawmakers and the White House are already contemplating ways to spend this expected windfall. Both parties favor some sort of tax cut, with Republicans calling for a larger and more immediate cut than Democrats. The president and many Democrats have declared their support for smaller tax cuts along with expansion of Medicare, child care and other programs. Speaker Newt Gingrich also has called for more spending for defense, highways and scientific research in the event of a surplus.

De Nie, Michael W.

1998-01-01

432

Fuel Reformer Nozzle Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fellowship work this summer will be in support of the development of a fuel mixer for a liquid fuel reformer that is upstream of a fuel cell. Tasks for the summer shall consist of design of a fuel mixer, setup of the laser diagnostics for determining the degree of fuel mixing, and testing of the fuel mixer. The fuel mixer shall be a venturi section with fuel injected at or near the throat, and an air swirler upstream of the venturi. Data to determine the performance of the mixer shall be taken using a Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer (PDPA).

Lai, Ming-Chia D.

2003-01-01

433

All That Glitters is Not Gold: School Reform in Charlotte-Mecklenburg  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1990s, the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system (CMS) began a sweeping program of school reform that involved revamped standards, a comprehensive system of benchmark goals, increased autonomy for principals, and a high-stakes accountability system. This program has been lauded in prestigious education journals, praised by reform advocates in business and government, and cited as a model in a recently

Stephen Samuel Smith; Roslyn Arlin Mickelson

2000-01-01

434

The Design and Research of Basic Information Platform about the Electronic Government in Guangzhou  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guangzhou implemented e-government project which provided good opportunity to achieve the Government's reform of the management functions. The basic information platform mainly included basic database system, meta-data management system, data applications and services system, directory services system and government system based on directory service. It was the general framework and the basis of e-government which played a central role in

Fang Yuan; Chen Li-yan

2008-01-01

435

US health care policy and reform: implications for cardiac electrophysiology.  

PubMed

In response to unsustainably rising costs, variable quality and access to health care, and the projected insolvency of vital safety net insurance programs, the federal government has proposed important health policy and regulatory changes in the USA. The US Supreme Court's decision to uphold most of the major provisions of the Affordable Care Act will lead to some of the most sweeping government reforms on entitlements since the creation of Medicare. Furthermore, implementation of new organizational, reimbursement, and health care delivery models will strongly affect the practice of cardiac electrophysiology. In this brief review, we will provide background and context to the problem of rising health care costs and describe salient reforms and their projected impacts on the field and practice of cardiac electrophysiology. PMID:23397248

Turakhia, Mintu P; Ullal, Aditya J

2013-03-01

436

The politics of local hospital reform: a case study of hospital reorganization following the 2002 Norwegian hospital reform  

PubMed Central

Background The Norwegian hospital reform of 2002 was an attempt to make restructuring of hospitals easier by removing politicians from the decision-making processes. To facilitate changes seen as necessary but politically difficult, the central state took over ownership of the hospitals and stripped the county politicians of what had been their main responsibility for decades. This meant that decisions regarding hospital structure and organization were now being taken by professional administrators and not by politically elected representatives. The question raised here is whether this has had any effect on the speed of restructuring of the hospital sector. Method The empirical part is a case study of the restructuring process in Innlandet Hospital Trust (IHT), which was one of the largest enterprise established after the hospital reform and where the vision for restructuring was clearly set. Different sources of qualitative data are used in the analysis. These include interviews with key actors, observational data and document studies. Results The analysis demonstrates how the new professional leaders at first acted in accordance with the intentions of the hospital reform, but soon chose to avoid the more ambitious plans for restructuring the hospital structure and in fact reintroduced local politics into the decision-making process. The analysis further illustrates how local networks and engagement of political representatives from all levels of government complicated the decision-making process surrounding local structural reforms. Local political representatives teamed up with other actors and created powerful networks. At the same time, national politicians had incentives to involve themselves in the processes as supporters of the status quo. Conclusion Because of the incentives that faced political actors and the controversial nature of major hospital reforms, the removal of local politicians and the centralization of ownership did not necessarily facilitate reforms in the hospital structure. Keeping politics at an arm's length may simply be unrealistic and further complicate the politics of local hospital reforms.

2009-01-01

437

International Handbook of Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an overview of education reform in 27 countries. Following the introduction by Peter W. Cookson, Jr., Alan R. Sadovnik, and Susan F. Semel, part 1 offers national case studies of educational reform in the 1980s. Chapters include: (2) "Argentina" (Ana Munoz-Sandoval); (3) "Australia" (Richard Teese); (4) "Brazil" (Robert Cowen…

Cookson, Peter W., Jr., Ed.; And Others

438

Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

2012-01-01

439

Middle Grades Reform. Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and policymakers have pointed to the lagging scores of eighth graders on international, national, and state assessments as evidence that students are not prepared to meet high academic standards and that middle grades reform is needed. In response to these concerns, educators have introduced reforms designed to provide middle-level…

Blazer, Christie

2008-01-01

440

Whole Language: Reform and Resistance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of educational reform and the role of the teacher in the reform process is discussed, using whole language as an example. It is argued that whole-language teachers must develop a theoretical framework that not only informs their views but also provides an understanding of systems and systems change. (Contains 28 references.) (Author/LB)

Clarke, Mark A.; Commins, Nancy L.

1993-01-01

441

Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 chapters in this five-part book, each by different authors, trace the effects of welfare reform (mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996), upon poor people in rural areas of the United States. The book begins with an introduction called "As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural…

Weber, Bruce A., Ed.; Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Whitener, Leslie A., Ed.

442

Compensation Reform in the Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most frequently discussed topics in education reform circles is teacher pay--how much money teachers make, for what work and who decides teachers' salaries. Over time, educator pay reform has included many different reward structures and goes by as many different names, such as merit pay, performance pay and differentiated pay. The…

Laine, Sabrina; Potemski, Amy; Rowland, Cortney

2010-01-01

443

Security Sector Reform in Haiti  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the experience of the United Nations interventions to reform Haiti's security sector as part of a larger effort to rebuild the Haitian state. Despite multilateral attempts in the 1990s to demobilize the army, create a police force and implement reforms, the lack of elite support, insufficient judicial sector capacity and persistence of corruption led to the current

JOHANNA M ENDELSON-FORMAN

2006-01-01

444

Engaging Teachers in Ed Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher engagement is crucial to the success of education reforms. Not only can teachers serve as policymakers' eyes and ears on the ground, sharing firsthand knowledge of challenges in the classroom, but their advocacy can be instrumental to passing smart, sensible policies, and their buy-in can make or break reform implementation. Ongoing…

Steans, Robin

2012-01-01

445

Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

Neophytou, Lefkios

2013-01-01

446

The Danger of Deference: A Case of Polite Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade numerous arguments have been put forth that campus governance needs to be reformed to meet new challenges. Rethinking admission standards, implementing distance learning, increasing fund-raising, diversifying the faculty, and creating external partnerships are just a few issues that demand timely and informed decisions. For…

Minor, James T.; Tierney, William G.

2005-01-01

447

Corporate governance and information risk post Sarbanes Oxley  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationship between corporate governance and information risk in the period post introduction of the Sarbanes Oxley Act (2002). Previous studies investigate internal control weaknesses, and discretionary accruals surrounding reforms (Doyle et al. 2007; Asbaugh-Skaife et al. 2008; Lobo & Zhou, 2006; Cohen et al. 2005) but fail to link this to a comprehensive measure of corporate

M. Strydom; F. Navissi; M. Skully; M. Veeraraghavan

448

SPECIFIC FEATURES OF THE ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The system of local government is presently undergoing a deep reforming process which aims at objectives of paramount importance, the achievement of which depends, more than ever, on substantial changes brought to the values and behaviour patterns specific of the organisational culture. Therefore the organisational culture is a concept to be more and more present, these days, in the field

Camelia STEFANESCU; Stelian PÂNZARU

2009-01-01

449

The construction of auditing expertise in measuring government performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounting research has increasingly been concerned to investigate professional expertise. This paper contributes to this interest by examining the process by which state (or government) auditors may become recognized as possessing expertise relevant to guiding and implementing new public management reforms. We analyze this process in the Canadian province of Alberta to understand the construction of a claim to expertise,

Yves Gendron; David J. Cooper; Barbara Townley

2007-01-01

450

Democratization and the implementation of economic reform in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a vast gap between the rhetoric and the reality of economic reform in sub-Saharan Africa. Donors and scholars have therefore devoted increasing attention to mitigating the politico-administrative constraints on policy implementation. Proponents of economic adjustment now believe that democratization will provide the most conducive framework for better governance and sustained implementation. Yet democratic transitions in sub-Saharan Africa remain

Richard Sandbrook

1996-01-01

451

The Role of Government in Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous corporate scandals in the past several years have fueled widespread debate over proposals for government action. The central challenge for government is how to restore corporate integrity and market confidence without overreacting and stifling the dynamism that underlies a strong economy. To examine this challenge, the Center for Business and Government's Regulatory Policy Program organized a conference in May

Cary Coglianese; Thomas J. Healey; Elizabeth K. Keating; Michael L. Michael

2004-01-01

452

Do More Transparent Governments Govern Better?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Islam explores the link between information flows and governance or institutional quality. Economic theory expounds on the importance of information on economic outcomes either through its direct effect on prices and quantities or through its effect on other factors such as institutions and the quality of governance. She shows that countries with better information flows also govern better. Two kinds

Roumeen Islam

2003-01-01

453

1. HOUSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. HOUSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE ARE IN THE BACKGROUND - Kiel Farmstead, House, East side State Route 4, one half mile south of U.S. Route 64, Mascoutah, St. Clair County, IL

454

Housing Policy and Housing Market Models - Some Dissaggregate Analyses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document discusses the following topics: Housing policy in Sweden; Interaction in a local market (The supply of housing, The demand structure, Simulation of the market processes); Disaggregated demand models (Analyses of local housing markets, Modelli...

J. R. Gustafsson P. Holm B. Harsman F. Snickars

1980-01-01

455

Housing and Economic Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing is the most important component of wealth for many New Zealanders. Its location is fixed and its value is influenced by economic and other factors specific to that location. Hence when people live in owner-occupied homes their wealth is strongly associated with their local economic conditions. Housing is also a major factor in influencing migration decisions and, hence, regional

Arthur Grimes; Suzi Kerr; Andrew Aitken

2003-01-01

456

Initial Housing Element.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information contained in this document is directed toward promoting an awareness of the urgent housing and housing-related issues in the State of Maryland. Identification of specific problems and obstacles provide a basis from which a set of objectives fo...

1969-01-01

457

Multiple pump housing  

DOEpatents

A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott; Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

2010-03-23

458

Colonial House - PBS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Preview the newest installment in public television's hands-on history series, following Frontier House, Manor House, and 1900 House. Set in 1628, Colonial House will be broadcast in May. At the website, there are audio and video diaries in which the twenty-eight colonists from the UK and US give accounts of their experiences learning to live in 1628. Also provided is a map of the village and essays by the experts consulted for the show to insure historical authenticity. One such piece is _A Historian Awakens 1628_, by Emerson "Tad" Baker, a specialist on the early history of Maine, which is where Colonial House was filmed. There's also a Meet the Colonists gallery with photos and 21st and 17th century biographies of the settlers, lesson plans and activities for teachers, and a Resources section, with related Web sites and books.

459

Reforming practice or modifying reforms?: Elementary teachers' response to the tools of reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the interaction between internally constructed and externally imposed aspects of the teaching context may be the missing link between calls for school reform and teachers' interpretation and implementation of that reform. Although the context of the local school culture has a profound impact on teachers, there are other external forces that are specifically aimed at influencing teachers' pedagogical and

Leigh K. Smith; Sherry A. Southerland

2007-01-01

460

Reforming Practice or Modifying Reforms?: Elementary Teachers' Response to the Tools of Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the interaction between internally constructed and externally imposed aspects of the teaching context may be the missing link between calls for school reform and teachers' interpretation and implementation of that reform. Although the context of the local school culture has a profound impact on teachers, there are other external…

Smith, Leigh K.; Southerland, Sherry A.

2007-01-01

461

Korea?s Engineering Education Reform Policy and the Direction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Korean government is setting up an ambitious policy for an engineering innovation program called “engineering education innovation program.” Its primary goal is to resolve quantitative and qualitative imbalance problems in industrial manpower of the country. It is also a policy that aims at progressively reforming engineering education in Korea in cooperation with the Ministries of Education (MOE) and Commerce, Industry and Energy (MOCIE) . The development of specialized centers for engineering education programs by engineering schools, in particular, can help the government provide suitable supports for enhancing industrial competitiveness.

Kim, Cheongsig

462

The essence of governance in health development  

PubMed Central

Background Governance and leadership in health development are critically important for the achievement of the health Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other national health goals. Those two factors might explain why many countries in Africa are not on track to attain the health MDGs by 2015. This paper debates the meaning of 'governance in health development', reviews briefly existing governance frameworks, proposes a modified framework on health development governance (HDG), and develops a HDG index. Discussion We argue that unlike 'leadership in health development', 'governance in health development' is the sole prerogative of the Government through the Ministry of Health, which can choose to delegate (but not abrogate) some of the governance tasks. The general governance domains of the UNDP and the World Bank are very pertinent but not sufficient for assessment of health development governance. The WHO six domains of governance do not include effective external partnerships for health, equity in health development, efficiency in resource allocation and use, ethical practises in health research and service provision, and macroeconomic and political stability. The framework for assessing health systems governance developed by Siddiqi et al also does not include macroeconomic and political stability as a separate principle. The Siddiqi et al framework does not propose a way of scoring the various governance domains to facilitate aggregation, inter-country comparisons and health development governance tracking over time. This paper argues for a broader health development governance framework because other sectors that assure human rights to education, employment, food, housing, political participation, and security combined have greater impact on health development than the health systems. It also suggests some amendments to Siddigi et al's framework to make it more relevant to the broader concept of 'governance in health development' and to the WHO African Region context. Summary A strong case for broader health development governance framework has been made. A health development governance index with 10 functions and 42 sub-functions has been proposed to facilitate inter-country comparisons. Potential sources of data for estimating HDGI have been suggested. The Governance indices for individual sub-functions can aid policy-makers to establish the sources of weak health governance and subsequently develop appropriate interventions for ameliorating the situation.

2011-01-01

463

Electron-induced dry reforming of methane in a temperature-controlled dielectric barrier discharge reactor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dry reforming of methane has the potential to reduce the greenhouse gases methane and carbon dioxide and to generate hydrogen-rich syngas. In reforming methane, plasma-assisted reforming processes may have advantages over catalytic processes because they are free from coking and their response time for mobile applications is quick. Although plasma-assisted reforming techniques have seen recent developments, systematic studies that clarify the roles that electron-induced chemistry and thermo-chemistry play are needed for a full understanding of the mechanisms of plasma-assisted reformation. Here, we developed a temperature-controlled coaxial dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) apparatus to investigate the relative importance of electron-induced chemistry and thermo-chemistry in dry reforming of methane. In the tested background temperature range 297-773 K, electron-induced chemistry, as characterized by the physical properties of micro-discharges, was found to govern the conversions of CH4 and CO2, while thermo-chemistry influenced the product selectivities because they were found to depend on the background temperature. Comparisons with results from arc-jet reformation indicated that thermo-chemistry is an efficient conversion method. Our findings may improve designs of plasma-assisted reformers by using relatively hotter plasma sources. However, detailed chemical kinetic studies are needed.

Zhang, Xuming; Cha, Min Suk

2013-10-01

464

Texas housing on bumpy road after stimulus effects fade  

Microsoft Academic Search

Texas’ housing sector remains in the doldrums following demand spikes in 2009 and 2010 aided by the homebuyer tax-credit program. When the federal government first offered the incentive in mid-2008, Texas home sales and construction were in a rapid descent that began with the U.S. housing crisis and accelerated when the state joined the nation in recession. As part of

DAnn Petersen; Adam Swadley

2011-01-01

465

Affordable housing: Reducing the energy cost burden  

SciTech Connect

Residential energy expenditures are a key determinant of housing affordability, particularly for lower Income households. For years, federal, state and local governments and agencies have sought to defray energy expenses and Increase residential energy efficiency for low Income households through legislative and regulatory actions and programs. Nevertheless, household energy costs continue to place a major burden on lower Income families. This issue paper was written to help formulate national energy policy by providing the United States Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) with Information to help define the affordable housing issue; Identify major drivers, key factors, and primary stakeholders shaping the affordable housing issue; and review how responding to this Issue may impact EE`s goals and objectives and Influence the strategic direction of the office. Typically, housing affordability is an Issue associated with lower income households. This issue paper adopts this perspective, but it is important to note that reducing energy utility costs can make {open_quotes}better{close_quote} housing affordable to any household regardless of income. As energy efficiency is improved throughout all sectors of the economy, special consideration must be given to low income households. Of all households, low income households are burdened the most by residential energy costs; their residences often are the least energy-efficient and have the greatest potential for efficiency improvements, but the occupants have the fewest resources to dedicate to conservation measures. This paper begins with a definition of {open_quotes}affordability{close_quotes} as it pertains to total housing costs and summarizes several key statistics related to housing affordability and energy use by lower income households.

Lee, A.D.; Chin, R.I.; Marden, C.L.

1995-01-01

466

Liquid fuel reformer development.  

SciTech Connect

At Argonne National Laboratory we are developing a process to convert hydrocarbon fuels to a clean hydrogen feed for a fuel cell. The process incorporates a partial oxidation/steam reforming catalyst that can process hydrocarbon feeds at lower temperatures than existing commercial catalysts. We have tested the catalyst with three diesel-type fuels: hexadecane, low-sulfur diesel fuel, and a regular diesel fuel. We achieved complete conversion of the feed to products. Hexadecane yielded products containing 60% hydrogen on a dry, nitrogen-free basis at 800 C. For the two diesel fuels, higher temperatures, >850 C, were required to approach similar levels of hydrogen in the product stream. At 800 C, hydrogen yield of the low sulfur diesel was 32%, while that of the regular diesel was 52%. Residual products in both cases included CO, CO{sub 2}, ethane, ethylene, and methane.

Ahmed, S.; Krumpelt, M.; Pereira, C.; Wilkenhoener, R.

1999-07-30

467

Reforming Our Expectations about Juvenile Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Typing the term "juvenile justice reform" into a Google[TM] search will result in 60 pages of entries. But what is meant by juvenile justice reform? What does it look like? How will one know when it is achieved? This article defines juvenile justice reform, discusses the principles of effective reform, and describes the practice of juvenile…

Rodriguez, Pamela F.; Baille, Daphne M.

2010-01-01

468

Reforming and Restructuring Education. UCEA Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains four selected conference papers on educational reform and restructuring. In "Can Rational Organization Models Really Reform Anything? A Case Study of Reform in Chicago," Fenwick English describes reform efforts in the Chicago Public Schools and examines the political, social, organizational, and bureaucratic factors that have…

Wendel, Frederick C., Ed.

469

Reforming the mission of public dental services.  

PubMed

Australia has a complex history of providing public dental services to its communities. From the early days of Colonial settlement, the provision of dental care to the Australian public has largely been driven and influenced by organized groups and associations of dentists. The Constitution of Australia, under Section 51 xxiii A, allows for the Commonwealth to provide for medical and dental services. Unlike the United Kingdom, however, dental services have not been embedded into a universal national health service agenda. In 1974, that the Australian Government through the Australian School Dental Program provided the first funding and national direction for public dental services - and that, limited to children. The Commonwealth Dental Health Program 1993-1997 was the second national endeavor to provide public dental services, this time to financially disadvantaged adults. Since that time, public dental service responsibility has been shuttled between States/Territories and the Commonwealth. A new paradigm for public dental services in Australia requires strong Commonwealth leadership, as well as the commitment of State and Territories and the organized dental profession. The National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission provided the most recent scenario for a radical change in mission. This paper canvases the competing roles of strategic, functional, and structural issues in relationship to social network and policy issues, which must be recognized if Australians truly seek to reform public dental services. PMID:22998313

Wright, F A C; List, P F

2012-10-01

470

Work Hours Regulations for House Staff in Psychiatry: Bad or Good for Residency Training?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The movement to limit work hours for house staff has gained momentum in recent years. The authors set out to review the literature on work hours reform, particularly as it applies to psychiatric residency training, and to provide two different viewpoints on the controversy. Methods: The authors present the historical background of work…

Rasminsky, Sonya; Lomonaco, Allison; Auchincloss, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

471

Health Reform in Brazil: Lessons to Consider  

PubMed Central

US analysts and decisionmakers interested in comparative health policy typically turn to European perspectives, but Brazil—notwithstanding its far smaller gross domestic product and lower per capita health expenditures and technological investments—offers an example with surprising relevance to the US health policy context. Not only is Brazil comparable to the United States in size, racial/ethnic and geographic diversity, federal system of government, and problems of social inequality. Within the health system the incremental nature of reforms, the large role of the private sector, the multitiered patchwork of coverage, and the historically large population excluded from health insurance coverage resonate with health policy challenges and developments in the United States.

Elias, Paulo Eduardo M.; Cohn, Amelia

2003-01-01

472

6.RP Dana's House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: The lot that Dana is buying for her new one story house is 35 yards by 50 yards. Danaâs house plans show that her house will cover 1,600 square feet of...

473

WHO ARE YOU? AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT WORKFORCE IN VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

For almost two decades, Australia's third tier of government, local government, has focused on becoming more effective, efficient and 'business like'. Public sector reforms, amalgamations and compulsory competitive tendering legislation necessitated the embracing of private sector type practices. As a result of legislative requirements, imposed performance targets and ongoing mandatory reporting requirements, councils have become more reliant on contracting out

Robyn Cochrane; J. Tui McKeown; Glennis Hanley

2005-01-01

474

Understanding Charter School Governance: A Case Study of a Conversion Charter School Board of Directors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The charter school movement has been at the forefront of educational reform since the 1990s. The majority of charter school research has focused on academic achievement and issues of access, equity, and funding. Less attention has focused on charter school governance, yet evidence suggests that governance challenges represent a significant…

Silver, David Mark

2010-01-01

475

Focusing on Living Marine Resource Governance: The Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem and Adjacent Areas Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an overview of living marine resource governance in the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem (LME) and discusses how this relates to ecosystem-based management at the geographical scale of the LME. It also provides an overview of the approach to governance reform that will be taken by the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem and Adjacent Areas Project. The geopolitical complexity

L. Fanning; R. Mahon; P. McConney

2009-01-01

476

Health, Morality, and Housing: The "Tenement Problem" in Chicago  

PubMed Central

In this article, I trace the history of Chicago’s Health Department, exploring when and how housing conditions came to be considered a serious social problem requiring municipal regulation. Although journalists and labor leaders were among the first Chicagoans to link tenement housing to the spread of contagious disease, Health Department officials quickly began regulating the city’s housing stock under their own authority. I argue that in attempting to eliminate the dangers of contagious disease, a long-standing public health threat, health officials drew new attention to the dangers of multifamily dwellings and set a precedent for government regulation of living conditions in tenement dwellings.

Garb, Margaret

2003-01-01

477

The political economy of healthy system reform in Israel.  

PubMed

On June 15, 1994, the Israeli Parliament voted to enact the National Health Insurance bill (NHI). The bill marks the end of a process that lasted for virtually as long as Israel's almost 50 year history. Israel's attempts at health reform began long before the current spate of reforms in many Western countries. Faced with many of the same problems of access, equity and cost control common to many of its counterparts, Israel initiated a reform process based on the recommendations of a prominent State Commission of Inquiry into the Israeli Health System (the Netanyahu Commission) which reported to the Government in 1990. The Commission's proposals were based on a diagnosis indicating that the major problems of the system stem from the lack of clarity regarding the rights of citizens to health care, the lack of a clear allocation of responsibility and accountability among government, insurance or sick funds, and providers in the system, and undue centralization of system operations. This diagnosis led to three major planks for reform: (1) enactment of national health insurance legislation granting a basic package of care to each citizen and hence bringing most of the system's finance under public auspices; (2) divesting the Government from the organization, management and provision of care; hence integrating the management of preventive and psychiatric services provided by the government with the primary and other services provided by sick funds, and granting financial and operational independence to at least government hospitals; and (3) restructuring the Ministry of Health. As is often the case in public policy, more consensus surrounds the diagnosis than the solutions. As a result, nearly four years of implementation efforts have only recently resulted in a major breakthrough. In this paper we make an effort to outline the inherent weaknesses of the Israeli health care system that have led to the crisis in the mid 1980s, summarize the recommendations of the State Commission for structural change in the system, and review the politics of implementing the recommended reforms. PMID:7613597

Chernichovsky, D; Chinitz, D

1995-01-01

478

Why Do Policy Leaders Adopt Global Education Reforms? A Political Analysis of SBM Reform Adoption in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a political analysis of school-based management reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). School-based management (SBM), based on the principle of school autonomy and community participation, is a school governance system introduced in many parts of the world, including post-conflict nations. Such a phenomenon seems to follow the…

Komatsu, Taro

2013-01-01

479

91. VIEW NORTHWEST OF SCRAP HOUSE AND CAST HOUSE, BUILDINGS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

91. VIEW NORTHWEST OF SCRAP HOUSE AND CAST HOUSE, BUILDINGS 101 AND 72; BUILDING 101 IN THE CENTER OF THE PHOTOGRAPH HOUSED SCRAP METAL CLEANING AND PROCESSING FACILITIES; BUILDING 72 AT RIGHT CENTER HOUSED MELTING FURNACES AND CONTINUOUS CASTING MACHINERY - Scovill Brass Works, 59 Mill Street, Waterbury, New Haven County, CT

480

What Next in School Reform?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the current state of education reform in the United Kingdom and uses the BBC film "The Choir to explore alternative ways of improving the quality of learning and teaching in schools.

Barker, Bernard

2009-01-01

481

Solar Reformer Experiment Design Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the design of an experiment in which solar energy is provided to a steam-hydrocarbon reforming reactor placed inside a solar central receiver. The hardware design, process, operation options with the possible critical issues are anal...

T. Rozenman

1986-01-01

482

Health Insurance Market Reforms: Portability  

MedlinePLUS

... Reforms, Georgetown University Health Policy Institute. Figure 2 Credit for Prior Coverage, Individual Health Plan Portability, January ... TX IL FL AL State requires insurers to credit only for small group coverage (1) State requires ...

483

Federal Regulatory Reform: An Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the past several decades there have been numerous attempts in Congress and elsewhere to modify the federal rule making process. Underlying many of these 'regulatory reform' efforts is a perceived need to reduce the burden associated with regulatory c...

C. W. Copeland

2004-01-01

484

Outsourcing Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes discussion at a recent program of the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) regarding the trend toward privatized student housing; discussion highlighted market conditions, financing, and operations. (EV)

Cirino, Anna Marie

2003-01-01

485

Rehabilitation of Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Rehabilitation of housing offers an alternative to deterioration of existing residential structures; in effect, it creates sound units where otherwise units would be withdrawn from the market. However, as with new construction, high costs may, and often d...

1973-01-01

486

IMPACTS OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL IMPROVEMENT AND REFORM ACT OF 1996 (FAIR ACT) ON THE NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Federal Agriculture Improvement and Reform Act of 1996 (FAIR Act) decouples government farm subsidy payments from both price and production and provides farmers with nearly complete planting flexibility. Government spending under this act will be limited to $35.63 billion for 1996-2002 period. The net farm income for all six representative farms under the 1996 FAIR Act is projected to

Won W. Koo; Marvin R. Duncan; Richard D. Taylor; Dwight G. Aakre

1996-01-01

487

Research in supported housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background De-institutionalization has led to the provision of various forms of housing with or without support for people with mental\\u000a illness in the community. In this paper, we review the conceptual issues related to the provision of supported housing schemes,\\u000a the characteristics of residents, research methods and outcomes, and the factors influencing the quality of care provided.\\u000a Methods A Medline

Walid K. H. Fakhoury; Alison Murray; Geoff Shepherd; Stefan Priebe

2002-01-01

488

Budget planning under payment reform.  

PubMed

Healthcare reform makes budgeting topline reimbursement, volume, payer mix, and collections more difficult than in the past. Finance should take the lead at educating physicians and operators on what reform will mean to unit reimbursement, collections, volume, and payer mix. The team should analyze future scenarios for each variable before finalizing the budget, rather than assuming revenue cycle or managed care will come through with a last-second rate increase as they have in the past. PMID:21789940

Nugent, Michael E

2011-07-01

489

Housing and child health.  

PubMed

The connection between housing and health is well established. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the child's home, such as cleanliness, moisture, pests, noise, accessibility, injury risks, and other forms of housing environmental quality, all have the potential to influence multiple aspects of the health and development of children. Basic sanitation, reduced household crowding, other improvements in housing and expanded, and improved housing regulations have led to advances in children's health. For example, lead poisoning prevention policies have profoundly reduced childhood lead exposure in the United States. This and many other successes highlight the health benefits for families, particularly children, by targeting interventions that reduce or eliminate harmful exposures in the home. Additionally, parental mental health problems, food insecurity, domestic violence, and the presence of guns in children's homes all are largely experienced by children in their homes, which are not as yet considered part of the Healthy Homes agenda. There is a large movement and now a regulatory structure being put in place for healthy housing, which is becoming closely wedded with environmental health, public health, and the practice of pediatrics. The importance of homes in children's lives, history of healthy homes, asthma, and exposures to lead, carbon monoxide, secondhand/thirdhand smoke, radon, allergy triggers is discussed, as well as how changes in ambient temperature, increased humidity, poor ventilation, water quality, infectious diseases, housing structure, guns, electronic media, family structure, and domestic violence all affect children's health. PMID:23953987

Weitzman, Michael; Baten, Ahmareen; Rosenthal, David G; Hoshino, Risa; Tohn, Ellen; Jacobs, David E

2013-09-01

490

Australian Governments' Entry Point  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An example of a site that is powerful in its organization of government information pointers is the National Library of Australia's recently reorganized Australian Governments' Entry Point. The Australian Governments' Entry Point has connections to commonwealth, state, and local government information, as well as judicial information. Although the information pointed to by this site is by no means new, it acts as a gateway to information at all geographical levels of government in Australia.

Australia., National L.

491

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the Guard House and Barracks, and South Fire House in relation to nearby roads, railroad tracks, and the piers). Navy Yard, Mare Island, California. P.W. Drawing No. C-1899, approved 1941; file no. 930-C-1. Scale one inch to forty feet. 72 cn x 97 cm. Ink on vellum - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

492

Reforming Nonpoint Pollution Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Depending on temperament, one can see nonpoint pollution policy as either a regulator’s worst nightmare or ultimate playground.\\u000a There are multiple principals, multiple agents, multiple pollutants, and multiple pathways of exposure. There are also repeated\\u000a games with and against nature, between principals and agents, between and within governing agencies, and even between agents.\\u000a Even if one identifies all the potential

Jason F. Shogren

493

25 CFR 256.7 - What housing services are available under the Housing Improvement Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What housing services are available under the Housing Improvement Program? 256.7... HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.7 What housing services are available under the Housing Improvement Program?...

2009-04-01

494

25 CFR 256.7 - What housing services are available under the Housing Improvement Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What housing services are available under the Housing Improvement Program? 256.7... HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.7 What housing services are available under the Housing Improvement Program?...

2010-04-01

495

25 CFR 256.7 - What housing services are available under the Housing Improvement Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false What housing services are available under the Housing Improvement Program? 256.7... HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.7 What housing services are available under the Housing Improvement Program?...

2013-04-01

496

Policy communities, public housing and area improvement in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking recent research on central and local government relations as its point of departure, the article sets out to demonstrate the analytical applicability of the concept of a policy community. R. A.W. Rhodes's four-dimensional definition of the concept provides a framework for an analysis of policy communities for public-housing area improvement in Sweden. Using a central government program as an

Ingemar Elander

1994-01-01

497

75 FR 29570 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Public Housing Agency Plan Revisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...HUD-50077-CR, HUD-50077-SL, HUD-50070. Members of the Affected Public: Local, Regional and State Body Corporate Politic Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) Governments. Estimation of the total number of hours needed to prepare the information...

2010-05-26

498

Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) Report, Youngs Lake Housing Area, Renton, WA.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of the Community Environmental Response Facilitation Act (CERFA) investigation conducted by Environmental Resources Management (ERM) at the Youngs Lake Housing Area, a U.S. Government property selected for closure by the B...

B. Laurenson D. Schultheisz L. Ward

1994-01-01

499

Africa Governance Monitoring and Advocacy Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 2004, the Africa Governance Monitoring and Advocacy Project (AfriMAP) is a project of the Open Society Institute. The Institute's overarching mission is "to promote democratic governance, human rights, and economics, legal, and social reform." As such, AfriMAP works with national civil society organizations in order to evaluate and audit areas that include the justice sector, the delivery of public services, and political participation. Their homepage offers up some of their recent findings through reports like "South Africa: Effective Delivery of Public Services" and "Ghana: Justice Sector and the Rule of Law". Users can also perform a complete search of their online materials by selecting a country and then picking a topic. Those who are interested in their methodology should read their detailed questionnaires, which are available in both French and English. Also, visitors can sign up to receive an electronic newsletter and read their latest call for research papers.

500

[Health system reform in the United Kingdom].  

PubMed

How to control the increasing health expenditures is a common problem in the developed countries. The main causes of this increase are ageing of the society and medical innovation. The UK government has introduced a market oriented health reform in order to balance the increasing expenditures and the quality of care. For example, they have introduced the GP Fundholding, Private Financial Initiative (PFI) for construction of public hospital, and personal budget system (a patient owns a budget for buying health services in the deregulated market). However, there is little evidence indicating the effectiveness of these programs. On the other hand, it is important to strengthen the labor policy in order to maintain the social security system. For example, programs for increasing the employment rate and those for increasing productivity work sharing are such policies. From this viewpoint, the EU countries have introduced a series of active employment policies, i.e., job training for unemployed persons and work sharing. Furthermore, as other authors report in other articles of this volume, the government of the UK has introduced the Fit for Work (FFW) program that intends to medically support workers. PMID:24334695

Matsuda, Shinya

2013-12-01