Sample records for house government reform

  1. Urban governance, neoliberalism and housing reform in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Lee; Ya-peng Zhu

    2006-01-01

    Since 1979, housing reforms in China have been seen as successive state efforts to improve urban governance. The idea is that the state has all along failed to deliver housing efficiently and equitably through the work units and that it is believed that only through the recommodification of housing could the housing problem be ultimately resolved. The housing monetarization policy

  2. Reinventing government? Explaining management reform at the Hong Kong Housing Authority

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard M Walker; Ling Hin Li

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we explain why the Hong Kong Housing Authority (HKHA) is embarking upon a substantial programme of management reform to outsource the management and maintenance of 600 000 units of public rental housing. An international management-reform analytical framework is developed which classifies reforms under the headings of finance, management, ownership, and performance. The application of this framework to

  3. Autism: Present Challenges, Future Needs--Why the Increased Rates? Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (April 6, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This document contains the proceedings of a hearing on April 6, 2000, before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform. The hearing addressed the increasing rate of children diagnosed with autism, possible links between autism and childhood vaccinations, and future needs of these children. After opening statements by…

  4. Autism--Why the Increased Rates? A One-Year Update. Hearings before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, April 25 and 26, 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    These hearings before the House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform address possible reasons for the apparently rapid increase in the incidence of autism. An introduction by the Committee Chairman, Dan Burton, provides background information and suggests a possible linkage between autism and the mumps-measles-rubella vaccine,…

  5. Governance Reform at China's "985 Project" Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qingnian, Xiong; Duanhong, Zhang; Hong, Liu

    2011-01-01

    Higher education reform in China is deepening, and the governance reform taking place at the 985 Project universities over the past decade has displayed a shift from government driven to internally driven, from adaptive to proactive, and from localized to systemic. This reflects the overall status of governance reform in China's higher education.…

  6. Changing the Rules to Change the House: Electoral Reform and the 2006 Electoral Contest for the Victorian Legislative Council

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nick Economou

    2008-01-01

    On 25 November, 2006, Victorians participated in a general State election in which a new electoral system was being used for the Legislative Council. The electoral reform was part of an overall reform of the upper house undertaken by the Bracks Labor government. This article examines the electoral reform of the Victorian Legislative Council and the politics associated with this

  7. Four Basic Dilemmas in University Governance Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsen, Ingvild M.; Maassen, Peter; Stensaker, Bjorn

    2009-01-01

    Since the mid 1980s, modernising university governance has been a constant item on the political agenda of most countries, often followed by reforms attempting to change how universities are managed and led. However, when considering the effects of the many initiatives taken, a rather complex picture appears with respect to the scope and depths of…

  8. University Governance Reforms: Potential Problems of More Autonomy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Tom

    2011-01-01

    University governance reforms are very much a reflection of the broader New Public Management reforms that are focusing on increasing efficiency in public organizations. The article deals with how university reform ideas of a generic nature, emphasizing that universities should be treated and reformed like any other public organizations, are…

  9. Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sattler, Peggy

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

  10. Hospital reforms in France under a Socialist government.

    PubMed

    De Pouvourville, G

    1986-01-01

    French health care faced the dual crises of rising costs and excess physicians. No government, whether left or right, could avoid focusing reform on the extensive public hospital system. Many differences introduced by the Socialists after 1981 were rhetorical and relational--matters of "democratization" of governance and "control" of physicians. Paradoxically, the two major structural reforms, "departmentalization" and "global budgeting," were extensions of actions begun under preceding governments. Neither has come to fruition yet. PMID:3762505

  11. Effective Faith-Based Treatment Programs. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (May 23, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This document presents witness testimonies from a hearing discussing two issues critical to the House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources: insuring government support for effective programs to reduce the demand for illegal drugs, and facilitating the inclusion of faith-based providers in the…

  12. Nonprofit perceptions of local government performance in affordable housing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Mark Silverman

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine how executive directors of nonprofit organizations perceive local government performance in affordable housing. It builds on a larger body of research concerning the affordable housing activities of government and community-based nonprofit housing organizations at the local level. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This analysis is based on a national survey of neighborhood housing

  13. Reforming the Governance of California Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nussbaum, Thomas J.

    In this speech, Chancellor Thomas J. Nussbaum defends the existence of local governing boards for community colleges and offers suggestions for improving the current weak governance structure. He argues that doing away with local governing boards would: (1) create a greater inconsistency between the mission and the governance of the colleges; (2)…

  14. An investigation of the association between corporate governance, earnings management and the effect of governance reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marion R. Hutchinson; Majella Percy; Leyal Erkurtoglu

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of recent corporate governance reforms on the association between governance practices and earnings management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study examines the impact of corporate governance reforms by using a firm fixed-effect, cross-sectional analysis of 200 firms listed on the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) for the financial years ending in

  15. Nationalism, Patriarchy, and Moralism: The Government-Led Food Reform in Contemporary Japan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aya Hirata Kimura

    2011-01-01

    Government-led food reforms are increasingly prevalent and they are often seen as a welcome corrective to the neoliberalization of the agrofood system. Yet Japanese government's food reform initiatives demonstrates that government food reform does not necessarily increase oversight and regulation or address fundamental problems of the food system. Although the official goals of reform are food safety and public health,

  16. A Government Reform Strategy in the Era of E-Government: The U.S. Federal Enterprise Architecture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yong Soo Kwon

    2004-01-01

    Though out the long history of public administration, government reform has been considered as a comprehensive planned change that designed to improve the overall performance in such criteria of efficiency, effectiveness, accountability, and responsibility of the government. This paper reviewed the U.S. government's reform efforts, especially E-government reform for the last ten years. The U.S. federal government has developed “Enterprise

  17. And Now What about Reforming Cambridge Governance?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, G. R.

    2009-01-01

    After its recent Assurance visit from HEFCE, Oxford went through a high profile public debate at the end of which its academic community voted against moving to a governance structure which would have given Oxford a majority of external members on its Council. The Higher Education Funding Council asked Oxford to answer eight questions justifying…

  18. 75 FR 21146 - Public Input on Reform of the Housing Finance System

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-22

    ...Public Input on Reform of the Housing Finance System AGENCIES: Office of the Undersecretary for Domestic Finance, Department of the Treasury; Office...establishing a more stable and sound housing finance system. DATES: Comment Due Date:...

  19. 31 CFR 1030.320 - Reports by housing government sponsored enterprises of suspicious transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Reports by housing government sponsored enterprises of suspicious...THE TREASURY RULES FOR HOUSING GOVERNMENT SPONSORED ENTERPRISES Reports Required To Be Made by Housing Government Sponsored Enterprises §...

  20. 31 CFR 1030.210 - Anti-money laundering programs for housing government sponsored enterprises.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Anti-money laundering programs for housing government sponsored enterprises. 1030.210...OF THE TREASURY RULES FOR HOUSING GOVERNMENT SPONSORED ENTERPRISES Programs ...Anti-money laundering programs for housing government sponsored enterprises. (a)...

  1. The downside of marketization: a multilevel analysis of housing tenure and types in reform-era urban China.

    PubMed

    Fu, Qiang; Zhu, Yushu; Ren, Qiang

    2015-01-01

    Based on data from the 2005 National Population Sample Survey and compiled covariates of 205 prefectures, this research adopted principal-component and multilevel-logistic analyses to study homeownership in urban China. Although the housing reform has severed the link between work units and residence, working in state sectors (government, state-owned enterprises and collective firms) remained significant in determining a household's entitlement to reform-era housing with heavy subsidies or better qualities. While the prefecture-level index of marketization reduced local homeownership of self-built housing, affordable housing and privatized housing, its effect is moderated by cross-level interactions with income, education and working in state sectors across different types of housing. Meanwhile, the index of political and market connections promoted all types of homeownership except for self-built housing. By situating the downside of marketization within a context of urban transformation, this research not only challenges the teleological premise of the neoliberal market transition theory but calls for research on institutional dynamics and social consequences of urban transformation in China. PMID:25432608

  2. Yet Another Feeble Paper on Civil Service Reform: they should look to local government

    E-print Network

    Yet Another Feeble Paper on Civil Service Reform: they should look to local government George Jones and John Stewart Here we go again. The Government's paper The Civil Service Reform Plan is the latest-service resistance. From the perspective of local government little has changed as a result of all those papers

  3. Bureaucratic Reform and E-Government in the United States: An Institutional Perspective

    E-print Network

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Bureaucratic Reform and E-Government in the United States: An Institutional Perspective Jane E. #12;Bureaucratic Reform and E-Government in the United States: An Institutional Perspective Jane E attention to structure, politics and policy into studies of e-government. It also invites attention

  4. Reforming Local Government in Broome County 1 Center for Local Government College of Community & Public Affairs Binghamton University

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    #12;Reforming Local Government in Broome County 1 Center for Local Government ­ College. This council created ten major committees to examine opportunities for local government change in the following, Purchasing, Schools, Solid Waste, and Government Consolidation. After an intensive 12 months of committee

  5. Job Corps Oversight Part II: Vocational Training Standards. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session (July 29, 1998).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

    This congressional hearing continues the House's oversight of the Department of Labor's (DOL's) Job Corps program, focusing on the fourth element of successful job training, maintaining a vocational curriculum that reflects current and future job opportunities. It reviews findings of a General Accounting Office (GAO) study that found the program…

  6. Early Childhood Interventions: Public-Private Partnerships. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

    These hearings transcripts recount testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives concerning early childhood development programs. Testimony addressed the questions of how public and private investments in early childhood programs contribute to successful outcomes for infants and mothers, and how these successes can be measured and replicated…

  7. Welfare Reform Impacts on the Public Housing Program: A Preliminary Forecast: HUD USER

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Users may download this report and accompanying charts from the HUD USER site. The report "examines the implications of welfare reform for public housing authorities (PHAs), whose residents traditionally contribute a portion of their incomes for rent." The report focuses on a small number of diverse housing authorities and finds that the effects of welfare reform on tenant incomes and PHA rent revenues will most probably vary considerably.

  8. Human Capital: Building the Information Technology Workforce To Achieve Results. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, David M.

    The Comptroller General of the United States testified before Congress regarding the General Accounting Office's (GAO's) framework for building the information technology (IT) work force to achieve results. The following were among the key points of his testimony: (1) the federal government is facing pervasive human capital challenges that are…

  9. Combating Gangs: Better Coordination and Performance Measurement Would Help Clarify Roles of Federal Agencies and Strengthen Assessment of Efforts. Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-09-708

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Government Accountability Office, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Department of Justice (DOJ) estimates that the United States has about a million gang members. While state and local agencies have primary responsibility for combating gang crime, the federal government has key roles to enforce laws and help fund programs to provide alternatives to gang membership for at-risk youth. GAO was asked to examine…

  10. Information Management: The Challenges of Managing Electronic Records. Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Information Policy, Census and National Archives, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-10-838T

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Melvin, Valerie C.

    2010-01-01

    Federal agencies are increasingly using electronic means to create, exchange, and store information, and in doing so, they frequently create federal records: that is, information, in whatever form, that documents government functions, activities, decisions, and other important transactions. As the volume of electronic information grows, so does…

  11. Human Capital: Attracting and Retaining a High-Quality Information Technology Workforce. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClure, David L.

    The General Accounting Office examined the problem of attracting and retaining a high-quality information technology (IT) workforce in federal government agencies. The problem was traced to a longstanding lack of effective leadership and management and lack of a strategic approach to marshaling, managing, and maintaining the human capital needed…

  12. Upgrading : an alternative approach towards housing reform in China

    E-print Network

    He, Fang, 1956-

    1989-01-01

    The thesis is a study on urban housing upgrading in China. The main objective is to look at upgrading, which has been widely used in many developing countries, as an alternative approach to solving the existing urban housing ...

  13. Good governance and budget reform in Lesotho Public Hospitals: performance, root causes and reality.

    PubMed

    Vian, Taryn; Bicknell, William J

    2014-09-01

    Lesotho has been implementing financial management reforms, including performance-based budgeting (PBB) since 2005 in an effort to increase accountability, transparency and effectiveness in governance, yet little is known about how these efforts are affecting the health sector. Supported by several development partners and $24 million in external resources, the PBB reform is intended to strengthen government capacity to manage aid funds directly and to target assistance to pressing social priorities. This study designed and tested a methodology for measuring implementation progress for PBB reform in the hospital sector in Lesotho. We found that despite some efforts on the national level to promote and support reform implementation, staff at the hospital level were largely unaware of the purpose of the reform and had made almost no progress in transforming institutions and systems to fully realize reform goals. Problems can be traced to a complex reform design, inadequate personnel and capacity to implement, professional boundaries between financial and clinical personnel and weak leadership. The Lesotho reform experience suggests that less complex designs for budget reform, better adapted to the context and realities of health sectors in developing countries, may be needed to improve governance. It also highlights the importance of measuring reform implementation at the sectoral level. PMID:23293099

  14. GOVERNMENT VERSUS GOVERNANCE AS A FRAMEWORK Government versus Governance as a Framework to analyze Mexico's Energy Reform

    E-print Network

    Texas at Austin, University of

    to analyze Mexico's Energy Reform Initiative and Key World Referents by Alejandro Ibarra-Yunez Professor for at least six key policy aspects of the country's economic life, with a basic argument of moving towards on the energy reform passed in August 2013, and under discussion in Mexico's Congress until the end of the year

  15. Local Government Reform Programs and Human Resource Capacity Building in Africa: Evidence from Local Government Authorities (LGAs) in Tanzania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Pallangyo; Christopher J. Rees

    2010-01-01

    The Local Government Reform Program (LGRP) in Tanzania was introduced to improve the access and quality of services provided by Local Government Authorities (LGAs). The main aim of the study is to clarify the practice and impact of Human Resource Capacity Building with reference to the LGRP in Tanzania. The study adopted a three-dimensional framework involving Human Resource Development (HRD),

  16. Reforming school governance in Taiwan and South Korea : Empowerment and autonomization in school-based management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Yat Wai Lo; Ja Oek Gu

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The article aims to use the globalization theory and the implications of democratization for social policy to analyze the school governance reforms in Taiwan and South Korea. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The article describes the main features of decentralization policy in the school sectors in the two societies with a historical review of their democratic transition and educational reforms during

  17. Integrated Governance as a Reform Strategy in the Chicago Public Schools. Publication Series No. 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Kenneth K.; Dreeben, Robert; Lynn, Laurence E., Jr.; Sunderman, Gail L.

    Decentralization is no longer the dominant reform strategy in the Chicago (Illinois) Public Schools. The Chicago School Reform Amendatory Act of 1995 redesigns the school governance arrangement so that power and authority are now integrated among city officials, school boards, local school councils, and a Chief Executive Officer. To examine how…

  18. Corruption in transition economies: Effects of government size, country size and economic reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rajeev K. Goel; Jelena Budak

    2006-01-01

    This paper uses annual pooled data over 1998–2002 for transition countries to examine whether government size or country size\\u000a matters more in its impact on corruption; and whether piecemeal reforms or comprehensive transition reforms are desirable\\u000a for corruption reduction. Our results show that greater economic prosperity leads to lower corruption, and contrary to findings\\u000a for other nations, a bigger government

  19. Reforming US state legislatures: is one house better than two?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giovanni Facchiniy; Cecilia Testa

    2008-01-01

    During the last decade unicameral proposals have been put forward in fourteen US states. In this paper we propose a theoretical framework casting some lights on the drawbacks of bicameral state legislatures and on the efiects of the proposed constitu- tional reforms. In a setting where lawmakers interact with a lobby through a bargaining process and with voters by means

  20. Autonomy and Control: Danish University Reform in the Context of Modern Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Susan; Orberg, Jakob Williams

    2008-01-01

    In 2003 the Danish government reformed universities to "set them free" from the state. Yet ministers are actively trying to shape universities and even set research agendas. How does the government's notion of "freedom" reconcile independence with control? We identify three discourses of freedom: freedom to use academic judgement over what to…

  1. Institutions and Ephemera in Urban Reform: The Municipal Expenditure Effects of Council-Manager Government

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zac Peskowitz

    2007-01-01

    Scholarly treatments of the relationship between urban reform and municipal expendi- tures have arrived at wildly different estimates of council-manager government's effects on spending behavior (23, 27). While a failure to use proper econometric estimation techniques is partially responsible for these divergent findings (35), a more fundamental analytic oversight has confounded this research agenda. These treatments of council- manager government

  2. Change of government: one more big bang health care reform in England's National Health Service.

    PubMed

    Hunter, David J

    2011-01-01

    Once again the National Health Service (NHS) in England is undergoing major reform, following the election of a new coalition government keen to reduce the role of the state and cut back on big government. The NHS has been undergoing continuous reform since the 1980s. Yet, despite the significant transaction costs incurred, there is no evidence that the claimed benefits have been achieved. Many of the same problems endure. The reforms follow the direction of change laid down by the last Conservative government in the early 1990s, which the recent Labour government did not overturn despite a commitment to do so. Indeed, under Labour, the NHS was subjected to further market-style changes that have paved the way for the latest round of reform. The article considers the appeal of big bang reform, questions its purpose and value, and critically appraises the nature and extent of the proposed changes in this latest round of reform. It warns that the NHS in its current form may not survive the changes, as they open the way to privatization and a weakening of its public service ethos. PMID:21319727

  3. Academic Governance and Academic Reform: Legitimacy and Energy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peter, Kenneth B.; Bain, Linda L.

    1998-01-01

    A thorough review and revision of curriculum at San Jose State University (California) illustrates that the modern university can achieve major internal academic reforms when two important conditions are met: legitimacy and energy. These two concepts are defined and practical illustrations are drawn from the institution's recent experience in…

  4. The Reform of School Governance in the Republic of Ireland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lennon, Charlie; White, John

    1997-01-01

    The Irish education system is a privatized, state-funded patchwork, with five separate types of secondary schools whose governance structures vary according to church, state, or local authority ownership. A 1995 government white paper recommends a more coherent governance structure with state, regional, and school-site decision-making levels.…

  5. Institutions, Reforms, and Country Risk: Lessons from Japanese Government Debt in the Meiji Period

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathan Sussman; Yishay Yafeh

    1999-01-01

    Abstract We evaluate the effect of the establishment of modern state institutions (e.g. a central bank or a constitution) on the risk premium,associated with government,debt traded abroad. Drawing on evidence from one of the most dramatic reform periods in modern history, and using data onsovereign debt traded in London between 1870 and 1914, we investigate the impact of major reforms

  6. Housing Subsidies and Homeowners: What Role for Government-Sponsored Enterprises?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dwight M. Jaffee; John M. Quigley

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes the federal programs providing financial support for U.S. housing: direct appropriations programs (e.g., public housing and vouchers); tax expenditure programs (e.g., the low-income housing tax credit and the special tax treatment of owner-occupied housing); and credit guarantee programs (e.g., activities managed by the Federal Housing Administration, the Veterans' Administration and the Government Sponsored Enterprises, GSEs). We review

  7. Reform and Resistance: The Regulation of Government Advertising in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sally Young

    In Australia, a laissez faire approach to regulating government advertising allowed the Howard Government to spend over AUS$1 billion on advertising between 1996 and 2005 despite ongoing accusations of misuse for partisan benefit; two Auditor-General reports, three Parliamentary inquiries and three Private Members' Bills calling for stronger regulation; and a failed High Court challenge. This paper explains the current system

  8. The (Perceived) Roles of Corporate Governance Reforms in Malaysia: The Views of Corporate Practitioners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pik Kun Liew

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to understand the roles of corporate governance reforms in Malaysia following the 1997\\/1998 Asian crisis from the perspectives of corporate managers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The primary evidence used is drawn from a series of in- depth semi-structured interviews with Malaysian corporate managers involved in the overseeing of the governance structures within their companies.

  9. Small worlds evolving: governance reforms, privatizations, and ownership networks in Italy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raffaele Corrado; Maurizio Zollo

    2006-01-01

    How do ownership networks among business enterprises evolve over time? What roles do corporate governance reforms and privatization programs play in shaping the structural characteristics of these networks? This article addresses these questions by leveraging on small-world analysis techniques applied to the ownership networks among Italian enterprises in 1990 and 2000. Italy underwent a significant program of privatizations over the

  10. Educational Reforms in Malta: A Missed Opportunity to Establish Distributed Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutajar, Mario; Bezzina, Christopher; James, Chris

    2013-01-01

    This article critically analyses the current Maltese educational reform process, which aimed to transform educational governance in Malta from a centralized system to a more decentralized one. This longitudinal study adopted a multi-site inquiry of a sample of the colleges involving different stakeholders, including key policy-makers, college…

  11. Reforming School Governance in Taiwan and South Korea: Empowerment and Autonomization in School-Based Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lo, William Yat Wai; Gu, Ja Oek

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The article aims to use the globalization theory and the implications of democratization for social policy to analyze the school governance reforms in Taiwan and South Korea. Design/methodology/approach: The article describes the main features of decentralization policy in the school sectors in the two societies with a historical review…

  12. Active citizens and the therapeutic state: the role of democratic participation in local government reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Chandler

    2000-01-01

    The Local Government Bill and the White and Green Papers informing it claim to deliver an agenda of democratic renewal. The reforms promise to reconnect local councils with local communities through a process of political renewal, a new statutory duty of community-wide consultation and the encouragement of active citizenship. This article assesses whether the plans for increased popular engagement in

  13. Information Technology and Administrative Reform: Will E-Government Be Different?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth L. Kraemer; John Leslie King

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the theoretical ideal of information technology as an instru- ment of administrative reform and examines the extent to which that ideal has been achieved in the UnitedStates.? Ittakesalookatthefindingsfromresearchaboutthe? use and impacts of information technology from the time of the mainframe computer through the PC revolution to the current era of the Internet and e-government. It then concludes

  14. Neoliberal reform, governance and corruption in Central America: Exploring the Nicaraguan case

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ed Brown; Jonathan Cloke

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the limitations of the dominant neoliberal perspective on governance and institutional reform, with a particular focus upon anti-corruption initiatives. Over recent years, the International Financial Institutions (IFIs) have been promoting a specific discourse on corruption that separates it from its historicity and the specific political economy within which it develops. The paper sets out to analyse this

  15. Pension Reform, Ownership Structure, and Corporate Governance: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luc Laeven

    2008-01-01

    Sweden offers a unique natural experiment to analyze the effects of institutionalized saving on the ownership structure, corporate governance, andfirm performance. The Swedish pen- sion reform increased the stock market participation of pension funds, causing a significant reshuffling in the ownership of pension funds. We show that the effects of institutional investment on firm performance depend on the industry structure

  16. Joint Hearing on Privatizing Government Sponsored Entities (GSEs). Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training and Life-Long Learning of the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities and the Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities.

    This document is a congressional joint hearing report of a panel discussion exploring issues related to privatization of two government-sponsored entities (GSEs): the Student Loan Marketing Association (Sallie Mae) and the College Construction Loan Insurance Association (Connie Lee). The two issues specifically addressed by the panel were: (1)…

  17. Reform as regulation – accounting, governance and accountability in UK local government

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Goddard

    2005-01-01

    This paper is an attempt to theorise the recent changes to accounting practices in local government in the UK. The principal theory used is regulation theory, which incorporates aspects of hegemony theory and governance. Regulation theory attempts to explain major changes in national economic structures by examining underlying systems of capital accumulation, regulation and hegemony. Central to these structures and

  18. The role of law and governance reform in the global response to non-communicable diseases.

    PubMed

    Magnusson, Roger S; Patterson, David

    2014-01-01

    Addressing non-communicable diseases ("NCDs") and their risk-factors is one of the most powerful ways of improving longevity and healthy life expectancy for the foreseeable future - especially in low- and middle-income countries. This paper reviews the role of law and governance reform in that process. We highlight the need for a comprehensive approach that is grounded in the right to health and addresses three aspects: preventing NCDs and their risk factors, improving access to NCD treatments, and addressing the social impacts of illness. We highlight some of the major impediments to the passage and implementation of laws for the prevention and control of NCDs, and identify important practical steps that governments can take as they consider legal and governance reforms at country level.We review the emerging global architecture for NCDs, and emphasise the need for governance structures to harness the energy of civil society organisations and to create a global movement that influences the policy agenda at the country level. We also argue that the global monitoring framework would be more effective if it included key legal and policy indicators. The paper identifies priorities for technical legal assistance in implementing the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013-2020. These include high-quality legal resources to assist countries to evaluate reform options, investment in legal capacity building, and global leadership to respond to the likely increase in requests by countries for technical legal assistance. We urge development agencies and other funders to recognise the need for development assistance in these areas. Throughout the paper, we point to global experience in dealing with HIV and draw out some relevant lessons for NCDs. PMID:24903332

  19. The role of law and governance reform in the global response to non-communicable diseases

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Addressing non-communicable diseases (“NCDs”) and their risk-factors is one of the most powerful ways of improving longevity and healthy life expectancy for the foreseeable future – especially in low- and middle-income countries. This paper reviews the role of law and governance reform in that process. We highlight the need for a comprehensive approach that is grounded in the right to health and addresses three aspects: preventing NCDs and their risk factors, improving access to NCD treatments, and addressing the social impacts of illness. We highlight some of the major impediments to the passage and implementation of laws for the prevention and control of NCDs, and identify important practical steps that governments can take as they consider legal and governance reforms at country level. We review the emerging global architecture for NCDs, and emphasise the need for governance structures to harness the energy of civil society organisations and to create a global movement that influences the policy agenda at the country level. We also argue that the global monitoring framework would be more effective if it included key legal and policy indicators. The paper identifies priorities for technical legal assistance in implementing the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020. These include high-quality legal resources to assist countries to evaluate reform options, investment in legal capacity building, and global leadership to respond to the likely increase in requests by countries for technical legal assistance. We urge development agencies and other funders to recognise the need for development assistance in these areas. Throughout the paper, we point to global experience in dealing with HIV and draw out some relevant lessons for NCDs. PMID:24903332

  20. The neoliberal triad of anti-health reforms: government budget cutting, deregulation, and privatization.

    PubMed

    Terris, M

    1999-01-01

    This paper presents the author's experiences and perceptions of the neoliberal triad of anti-health reforms--government budget cutting, deregulation, and privatization--which have been promulgated worldwide by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The causes of this phenomenon are analyzed, and specific alternative health policies are recommended. The role of epidemiology in documenting the damages to health resulting from the anti-health reforms is discussed. Finally, the paper emphasizes the need not only for national organizational strategies but for action on the international level. The opponents of privatization need to meet together, to exchange experiences, and to develop effective strategies on a world scale that can be applied in industrial and developing nations. PMID:10408170

  1. The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit : HERA, ARRA and beyond

    E-print Network

    Korb, Jason (Jason Bryan Patricof)

    2009-01-01

    The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) has arguably been the most successful government subsidy to finance affordable housing. Since its creation in the Tax Reform Act of 1986 as Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 42, ...

  2. 75 FR 52689 - Multifamily Housing Reform and Affordability Act: Projects Eligible for a Restructuring Plan...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-27

    ...UMRA. List of Subjects in 24 CFR Part 401 Grant programs--Housing and community development, Housing, Housing assistance payments, Housing standards, Insured loans, Loan programs-- Housing and community development, Low and...

  3. Rethinking Special Education: How To Reform the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning reforming the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Highlights of the testimony include: (1) adding accountability measures to IDEA; (2) providing procedural relief without reducing protections for students with…

  4. Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education…

  5. Public Sector Reform and Governance for Adaptation: Implications of New Public Management for Adaptive Capacity in Mexico and Norway

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eakin, Hallie; Eriksen, Siri; Eikeland, Per-Ove; Øyen, Cecilie

    2011-03-01

    Although many governments are assuming the responsibility of initiating adaptation policy in relation to climate change, the compatibility of "governance-for-adaptation" with the current paradigms of public administration has generally been overlooked. Over the last several decades, countries around the globe have embraced variants of the philosophy of administration broadly called "New Public Management" (NPM) in an effort to improve administrative efficiencies and the provision of public services. Using evidence from a case study of reforms in the building sector in Norway, and a case study of water and flood risk management in central Mexico, we analyze the implications of the adoption of the tenets of NPM for adaptive capacity. Our cases illustrate that some of the key attributes associated with governance for adaptation—namely, technical and financial capacities; institutional memory, learning and knowledge; and participation and accountability—have been eroded by NPM reforms. Despite improvements in specific operational tasks of the public sector in each case, we show that the success of NPM reforms presumes the existence of core elements of governance that have often been found lacking, including solid institutional frameworks and accountability. Our analysis illustrates the importance of considering both longer-term adaptive capacities and short-term efficiency goals in public sector administration reform.

  6. Public sector reform and governance for adaptation: implications of new public management for adaptive capacity in Mexico and Norway.

    PubMed

    Eakin, Hallie; Eriksen, Siri; Eikeland, Per-Ove; Øyen, Cecilie

    2011-03-01

    Although many governments are assuming the responsibility of initiating adaptation policy in relation to climate change, the compatibility of "governance-for-adaptation" with the current paradigms of public administration has generally been overlooked. Over the last several decades, countries around the globe have embraced variants of the philosophy of administration broadly called "New Public Management" (NPM) in an effort to improve administrative efficiencies and the provision of public services. Using evidence from a case study of reforms in the building sector in Norway, and a case study of water and flood risk management in central Mexico, we analyze the implications of the adoption of the tenets of NPM for adaptive capacity. Our cases illustrate that some of the key attributes associated with governance for adaptation--namely, technical and financial capacities; institutional memory, learning and knowledge; and participation and accountability--have been eroded by NPM reforms. Despite improvements in specific operational tasks of the public sector in each case, we show that the success of NPM reforms presumes the existence of core elements of governance that have often been found lacking, including solid institutional frameworks and accountability. Our analysis illustrates the importance of considering both longer-term adaptive capacities and short-term efficiency goals in public sector administration reform. PMID:21229245

  7. Superfund Reform Act of 1994. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session, June 30, 1994.

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    The hearing addresses H.R. 3800 a bill to amend the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). This Superfund Reform Act addresses; speeding clean-ups and cutting costs; reducing transaction costs and increasing fairness to small volume waste generators; expanded state authority and community involvement; economic redevelopment of contaminated sites; and advancing science and technology. The legislative text and statements and documents submitted for record by government and industry officials are included.

  8. Explaining State Government Administrative Reform - Focusing on Performance-Based Budgeting and State Executive Branch Reorganization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chang-Soo Park

    2003-01-01

    What are the causes of administrative reform? Even though the question is critical in understanding administrative reform efforts and their impacts on administration and society, much remains to be understood about this process. In this dissertation, I will examine the following research question : What accounts for the occurrence of two types of state-level administrative reform - the adoption of

  9. Comparison as Curriculum Governance: Dynamics of the European-Wide Governance Technology of Comparison within England's National Curriculum Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papanastasiou, Natalie

    2012-01-01

    The curriculum is a governance technology of knowledge production and is also itself governed by complex dynamics within European education policy space. This article focuses on how the curriculum is governed by comparative knowledge; in particular, it identifies how this facet of governance has manifested itself within the policy space of…

  10. 75 FR 23582 - Federal Housing Administration: Continuation of FHA Reform-Strengthening Risk Management Through...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-04

    ...Administration: Continuation of FHA Reform-- Strengthening Risk Management Through Responsible FHA-Approved Lenders; Correction...designed to strengthen FHA by improving its management of risk. Although the preamble to the final rule correctly...

  11. How Planning Works in an Age of Reform: Land, Sustainability, and Housing Development Traditions in Zanzibar

    E-print Network

    Muhajir, Makame Ali Haji

    2011-04-26

    This is a geographical study of urban planning focusing on the on-going neoliberal land reform practices introduced in Zanzibar since the end of the 1980s as a major effort to improve the land sector. Throughout the ...

  12. Competition, Corporate Governance, and Regulation in Central Asia: Uzbekistan's Structural Reform Challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harry G. Broadman

    1999-01-01

    May 2000Like many Central Asian republics, Uzbekistan has adopted a gradual, cautious approach in its transition to a market economy. It has had some success attaining macroeconomic stability, but microeconomic reforms have lagged behind. It is time to accelerate structural reform.In Uzbekistan state enterprises are being changed into shareholding companies, and private enterprises account for 45 percent of all registered

  13. Market-Oriented School Reform in England and Finland: School Choice, Finance and Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Anne; Ylonen, Annamari

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the introduction of market-oriented reforms into school-based education in England and Finland. The contexts into which reforms were introduced differed, with a fully comprehensive system being in place in Finland but not in England; the motives were also different; and different trajectories have since been followed. Whilst…

  14. Housing and Planning: A Century of Social Reform and Local Power

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander von Hoffman

    2009-01-01

    Problem: From the antislum crusades of the Progressive Era to the idealistic regional planning and public housing movements of the New Deal, the postwar urban renewal controversies, and recent attempts at integrating suburban America, housing advocates have pressed urban planners to take up the moral challenges of their profession. Many planners, especially since the 1960s, have met the challenges by

  15. This House [Can't] Believe: Resolutional Reform in Parliamentary Debate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stroud, Scott R.

    Forensic educators stand at a pivotal point in the development of National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA) debate culture and standards; we have enough experience behind us to see where NPDA is going, but not so much "tradition" as to enslave us to the past. One area of reform that is highlighted by this paper is the removal of the…

  16. Political Interference with Government Climate Change Science Testimony of

    E-print Network

    Hansen, James E.

    Political Interference with Government Climate Change Science Testimony of James E. Hansen to Committee on Oversight and Government Reform United States House of Representatives 19 March 2007 #12;2 Political Interference with Government Climate Change Science Contents 1. Rationale of Presentation 2. My

  17. GOVERNANCE AND ANTI-CORRUPTION REFORMS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: POLICIES, EVIDENCE AND WAYS FORWARD

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mushtaq H. KHAN

    2006-01-01

    International institutions and in particular the World Bank and the IMF are rightly giving a great deal of attention to issues of governance in developing countries, and particularly corruption. While they are right to believe that governance matters, governance in the most successful developing countries has often been starkly at variance with the good governance model. Even the most successful

  18. Oral testimony to the Oversight and Government Reform Committee (OGRC) United States House of Representatives

    E-print Network

    Zender, Charles

    . Although long-lived man- made greenhouse gases (GHGs) are the dominant cause of Earth's recent warming down near-term global warming. The four points most relevant to black carbon in the Arctic are: 1. Most other agent except CO2. 3. Arctic climate is very sensitive to the surface warming that BC causes. 4

  19. Written testimony to the Oversight and Government Reform Committee United States House of Representatives

    E-print Network

    Zender, Charles

    fires. Arctic cli- mate is very sensitive to the surface warming that BC causes. BC appears to warm (GHGs) are the dominant cause of Earth's recent warming (IPCC, 2007), black carbon (BC) particles for mitigation strategies that aim to decelerate near- term global warming (Jacobson, 2002, 2004), and Arctic

  20. Caught between Plan and Market: Vietnam's Housing Reform in the Transition to a Market Economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hoai-Anh Tran; Ngai-Ming Yip

    2008-01-01

    The housing sector in Vietnam follows a ‘gradualist’ approach of transforming from a socialist system in which the state assumed effective control to a market-oriented system that the laws of supply and demand rule. Yet the long and winding transition within such a dual system produces inevitable contradictions between the state and the market as well as between the economic

  1. Splintered Accountability: State Governance and Education Reform. SUNY Series in Public Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shober, Arnold F.

    2010-01-01

    The No Child Left Behind Act declared that improving education in every school in the United States was a top national priority. However, this act did not acknowledge how state departments of education have successfully constructed reforms for the past few decades, despite the power struggle between governors, legislators, school districts, and…

  2. Split Share Structure Reform, corporate governance, and the foreign share discount puzzle in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wenxuan Hou; Edward Lee

    2012-01-01

    We examine the impact of the Split Share Structure Reform on the well-known foreign share discount puzzle in China. Existing literature confirms that foreign investors are more concerned about insider expropriation because of their information disadvantage relative to domestic investors. The split share structure of the ownership of Chinese listed firms created a conflict of interests between state and private

  3. Process and performance based regulation: challenges for regulatory governance and regulatory reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rex Deighton-Smith

    Recent decades have seen a substantial move by regulators in Australia, as in many other OECD countries, to adopt performance based and process-based regulation, in preference to traditional prescriptive regulation. This shift has been actively encouraged by regulatory reformers, who often see it as unambiguously positive in its impact on regulatory quality. However, recent experience increasingly reveals a range of

  4. A dilemma of Chinese healthcare reform: How to re-define government roles?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hufeng Wang

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the government's roles in the healthcare sector in China. The paper begins with an introduction to the Chinese healthcare sector (supply and demand side) and to the current government's roles. It then reviews the recent transformation of the healthcare sector, with an emphasis on the change in the government's roles and the problems resulting from this transformation.

  5. U.S. government export control reform initiative - what's going on?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cook, J.; Cook, K.

    While there is still more work to be done, taken together, these reforms will focus our resources on the threats that matter most, and help us work more effectively with our allies in the field. They'll bring transparency and coherence to a field of regulation which has long been lacking both. And by enhancing the competitiveness of our manufacturing and technology sectors, they'll help us not just increase exports and create jobs, but strengthen our national security as well.” - President Obama, Department of Commerce Annual Export Controls Update Conference, August 30, 2010. This paper will provide background information and discuss the need for export control reform. It will lay out the schedule for the Export Control Reform Initiative as well as provide an update on the current status of the ECR Initiative, including advances made in Phases I and II. It will provide insight into the proposed changes to the USML and the CCL and will discuss the proposed IT system modernization and the Export Enforcement Coordination Center (E2C2).

  6. Reformed county government structure and service delivery performance: An integrated study of Florida counties

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alejandro Rodriguez

    1999-01-01

    The most fundamental and challenging function of government is the effective and efficient delivery of services to local taxpayers and businesses. Counties, once known as the “dark continent” of American government, have recently become a major player in the provision of services. Population growth and suburbanization have increased service demands while the counties' role as service provider to incorporated residents

  7. State and Local Level Special Education Programs That Work and Federal Barriers to Innovation. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform about state and local level special education programs that work and federal barriers to innovation as part of efforts to reform the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Highlights of the testimony include: (1) progress in New York in…

  8. 49 CFR 24.403 - Additional rules governing replacement housing payments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...neighborhoods where housing costs are generally...any relocation payments that would have...from relocation payments. An Agency shall...amount of any advance relocation payment from the relocation...the replacement housing payment....

  9. Acquisition Reform

    E-print Network

    Sapolsky, Harvey

    This report reviews the six most recent major acquisition reform reports, starting in 1949 with the Hoover Commissions and including McNamara's Total Package Procurement, Fitzhugh Commission, the Commission on Government ...

  10. Educational Governance Reforms: The Uncertain Role of Local School Boards in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deborah Land; Sam Stringfield

    In the U.S., local school boards have long played a prominent role in governing public education. States have authority for\\u000a public education via the Tenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, which reserves powers to the states that the Constitution\\u000a does not delegate to the federal government or prohibit states from assuming. In the mid-1800s, states began establishing\\u000a state-wide public school

  11. Executive compensation, supervisory board, and China’s governance reform: a legal approach perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shujun DingZhenyu; Zhenyu Wu; Yuanshun Li; Chunxin Jia

    2010-01-01

    China’s corporate governance system implements both American and German style mechanisms, but the supervisory board, a typical\\u000a feature of German style governance is generally considered dysfunctional. After 2006, the newly amended Chinese Corporate\\u000a Law significantly enhances the role played by supervisory boards. Our study examines if the new Corporate Law improves supervisory\\u000a board’s monitoring over executive compensation, which becomes one

  12. Space Station: Status of financial reserves. Report to the Chair, Government Activities and Transportation Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Degnan, Frank; Zadjura, Mona M.; Crocker, William W.; Berry, James D., Jr.

    1992-07-01

    The information on the financial reserves available to offset risks associated with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Space Station Freedom program is provided to Government Activities and Transportation Subcommittee of Committee on Government Operations House of Representatives, as requested. To obtain the information of the financial reserves NASA maintains in the space station program, NASA Headquarters officials in the Controller and Space Station program offices were interviewed. Financial and program documents related to the level of financial reserves in the program and the uses of those reserved to fund additional program requirements were reviewed. The review was conducted from March to July 1992 in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. As requested, written agency comments on this report was not obtained, but the reviews of responsible NASA officials were obtained to consider in preparing this report.

  13. The Laird’s Houses of Scotland: From the Reformation to the Industrial Revolution, 1560–1770 

    E-print Network

    Strachan, Sabina Ross

    The purpose of this research is to define the architectural development of laird’s houses. The term ‘laird’s house’ can imply, simply, ‘the house of a laird’. Architecturally, it is used to describe a category of dwelling ...

  14. Shaping Health Reform: State Government Influence in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Dinan

    2011-01-01

    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has significant implications for state governments and its passage presents an opportunity to contribute to inquiries into ways that state officials wield influence in the national legislative process. State officials were occasionally influential when they drew on state experience and expertise and congress members were willing to benefit from this knowledge. State officials

  15. Competition, Corporate Governance, and regulation in Central Asia - Uzbekistan's structural reform challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harry G. Boradman

    2000-01-01

    In Uzbekistan state enterprises are being changed into shareholding companies, and private enterprises account for 45 percent of all registered firms. But business decisions to set prices, output, and investment are often not market-based, nor wholly within the purview of businesses, especially those in commercial manufacturing and services. Lines of authority for corporate governance - from state enterprises to private

  16. The Reform of the Italian Local Government Accounting System. A Critical Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eugenio Caperchione

    2002-01-01

    In 1995 the Italian Parliament passed a measure that introduced some significant innovations in the accounting system of Italian local governments. According to their promoters, these innovations should have improved the overall quality of decisions and increased public efficiency, thanks to the availability of targeted and reliable economic information. At the same time, Municipalities and Provinces should have implemented -

  17. Audit regulatory reform with a refined stakeholder model to enhance corporate governance: Hong Kong evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip Law

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – Recent corporate scandals have resulted in a greater focus on business ethics and governance. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the existing audit regulatory framework adequately serves the legitimate interests of stakeholders. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study is the first to collect survey data on audit regulatory issues in the post-Lehman Brothers environment. In total, 190

  18. Moving Education Reform Forward: Grantmakers Reflect on a Convening with State and Local Government

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Steven

    2011-01-01

    In January 2011, teams of government education leaders and grantmakers from 13 states convened for Moving Forward with a Transformative Education Agenda: Practical Solutions for States and Districts, a first-ever national discussion of how grantmakers and state and local education officials might work together to promote elementary and secondary…

  19. School Choice and Government Reform: Pillars of an Urban Renaissance. Civic Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booker, Cory A.

    This paper describes one vision of how to improve urban education, highlighting the Newark, New Jersey, public schools. It discusses the importance of encouraging all students to "reach for the stars" in education and describes the government's role in perpetuating inequitable circumstances. It highlights the importance of emphasizing outcomes…

  20. Institutions, Reforms, and Country Risk: Lessons from Japanese Government Debt in the Meiji Era

    Microsoft Academic Search

    NATHAN SUSSMAN; YISHAY YAFEH

    2000-01-01

    We investigate the effect of the establishment of modern institutions on the risk premium associated with Japanese government bonds traded in London between 1870 and 1914. While most institutional innovations failed to elicit an immediate market response, the adoption of the gold standard did significantly reduce the perceived risk associated with Japanese bonds. In addition, some geopolitical events, especially the

  1. Multilevel Governance and Security: The Security Sector Reform Process in the Central African Republic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Niagalé Bagayoko-Penone

    2010-01-01

    Analysing how the SSR process in CAR has been defined and then implemented, this article puts emphasis on the international interactions between institutional actors who may be geographically\\/territorially situated at different levels of the policy-making process in different places around the world, thus suggesting ways to grasp multi-actor and multi-sited governance. Therefore, it advocates an approach which consists of expanding

  2. Space Shuttle: Status of advanced solid rocket motor program. Report to the Chair, Subcommittee on Government Activities and Transportation, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1992-11-01

    The Advanced Solid Rocket Motor is one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) most expensive and controversial programs. Two reusable solid rocket motors are attached to the Space Shuttle to provide most of the thrust needed to lift it into orbit. The advanced motor is being designed to replace the current motor, which is a redesigned version of the motor that caused the January 1986 Challenger accident. The Chair of the Subcommittee on Government Activities and Transportation, House Committee on Government Operations, requested that GAO review the program's status. The specific objectives were to: (1) assess the extent to which the need for the program has changed; and (2) determine the reasons for cost growth and schedule slippage.

  3. BBC News: Lords Reform

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1999-01-01

    On January 19, 1999, Tony Blair's government announced the most radical restructuring of the House of Lords, the UK's second chamber, in its 600-year existence. Honoring the Labour Party election manifesto, the Bill will remove all 759 hereditary peers, those with an automatic right to sit by virtue of birthright, within the year. In the meantime, a Royal Commission will formulate proposals for a new upper house and issue a report by December 31, 1999. A fully reformed chamber is expected to be in place by 2002, and in the meantime, publicly nominated "People's Peers" may sit in the Lords in addition to the politically appointed Life Peers. The BBC Special Report outlines this momentous constitutional change in Britain, and offers analysis, commentary, and the latest news.

  4. Freedom House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1941, Freedom House was organized by prominent Americans who were concerned with mounting threats to peace and democracy. Today, as in previous decades, their mission includes promoting "the growth of freedom by encouraging U.S. policymakers, international institutions, and the governments of established democracies to adopt policies that advance human rights and democracy around the world." First-time visitors may wish to begin by looking to the right-hand side of the homepage to the "Around the World" section. Here visitors can learn about the work that the Freedom House organization is doing in other parts of the world, and more importantly, they can read their in-house reports on democratic movements in different countries. Moving along, the left-hand side of the page includes links to their other publications, which include the "Nations In Transit" series. This particular series takes a long view on political reform in the former Communist states of Europe and Eurasia. To really get a full appreciation of the site's contents and scope requires several visits, but it should have no problem holding the attention of public policy types and scholars.

  5. Housing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... U.S. Government Global AIDS Activities Global HIV/AIDS Organizations CIA HIV/AIDS Data National HIV/AIDS Strategy Overview Implementation Progress Using the Strategy Documents Videos PACHA About ...

  6. Displacement, politics and governance : access to low-income housing in a Beirut suburb

    E-print Network

    Bou Akar, Hiba

    2005-01-01

    Lebanon witnessed large-scale phases of internal displacement during and after its civil war (1975-1990). This study analyzes access to low-income housing for a Lebanese Shiites group which has already experienced two ...

  7. Government public housing health needs assessment: focus on race, ethnicity, and the older adult: background, methods, and demographics.

    PubMed

    Lascher, Steven; Tasir-Rodriguez, Wesley; Moon, Grace; Irizzary, Maria; Baney, Matthew; Kellogg, F Russell

    2013-01-01

    St. Vincent's Catholic Medical Centers of New York initiated a study in 2009 to assess the health needs of residents of New York City (NYC) municipal housing at the Robert Fulton public housing complex in Manhattan. The aim of this project was to provide valid data on perceived health services needs of the residents of a NYC housing project. These data may also be used to support hospital and community collaborative strategic decisions for developing resident-appropriate health and social services and would be valuable for use in formulating policies and programs by other interested nonprofit health and social services organizations and government. We designed a 28-item instrument and pilot tested it with our research team and members of the population under study. The English and Spanish surveys were designed as an in-person surveyor-administered instruments addressing four domains: demographics, access and barriers to health care services, risk behaviors, and perceived health needs. The sampling was an apartment-level stratified random sampling. A 20%, 188 apartment sample was drawn from the population of 944 housing units. Our response rate was 92% (173/188 apartments). Background methods, and demographic results are reported in this article. A second article will report on the needs assessment results. PMID:23930518

  8. House of Lords Bill

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1999-01-01

    On January 19, 1999, Tony Blair's government announced the most radical restructuring of the House of Lords, the UK's second chamber, in its 600-year existence. Honoring the Labour Party election manifesto, the Bill will remove all 759 hereditary peers, those with an automatic right to sit by virtue of birthright, within the year. In the meantime, a Royal Commission will formulate proposals for a new upper house and issue a report by December 31, 1999. A fully reformed chamber is expected to be in place by 2002, and in the meantime, publicly nominated "People's Peers" may sit in the Lords in addition to the politically appointed Life Peers. The full text of the Bill as it was introduced in the House of Commons is available at the site.

  9. Contrasting Visions for Aid and Governance in the 21st Century: The White House Millennium Challenge Account and DFID’s Drivers of Change

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Hulme

    2009-01-01

    Governance is becoming increasingly important in development and poverty reduction. However, the forms and methods by which it is to be incorporated into donor programmes are only emerging at present. In this paper, we contrast two very different approaches- the White House led Millennium Challenge Account and DFID's Drivers of Change Approach- to analysing governance, compare their theoretical underpinnings and

  10. 25 CFR 256.25 - Is my Federal government-assisted dwelling eligible for services under the Housing Improvement...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...INTERIOR HOUSING HOUSING IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM § 256.25 ...services under the Housing Improvement Program? Yes. You may receive services under the Housing Improvement Program if your home was purchased through a...

  11. Getting Our Own House in Order: Improving Psychiatry Education to Medical Students as a Prelude to Medical School Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alpert, Jonathan E.; Schlozman, Steve; Badaracco, Mary Anne; Burke, Jay; Borus, Jonathan F.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The authors summarize efforts to revitalize psychiatry teaching to medical students at Harvard Medical School (HMS) in advance of a major overhaul of the medical school curriculum. Methods: This preliminary report chronicles key challenges and the organization of the reform effort within the departments of psychiatry affiliated with the…

  12. Special Education Finance at the Federal, State and Local Levels. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning special education finance at the federal, state, and local levels as part of the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Highlights of the testimony include: how states are allocating the increased federal aid…

  13. IDEA: Focusing on Improving Results for Children with Disabilities. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Eighth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    The U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Education Reform held a hearing on March 13, 2003, to hear testimony on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This booklet contains the minutes of the hearing. The hearing focused on how IDEA could be improved and on pre-referral intervention. The booklet is divided into the…

  14. Reforming the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Recommendations from the President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education. Hearing before the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Committee on Education and the Workforce concerning reforming the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), specifically recommendations from the President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education. Opening statements are provided by Representative John A.Boehner,…

  15. Ensuring Educational Opportunity for Minority Children. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (Lexington, Kentucky, May 1, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This hearing before the Subcommittee on Educational Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives, which was held in Lexington, Kentucky, focused on ensuring equal educational opportunities for minority group children. After opening statements by Chairman Michael Castle and Congressman Ernest L. Fletcher, both of…

  16. Toothless Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smarick, Andy

    2010-01-01

    To many education reformers, the passage of the federal government's massive stimulus plan, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), appeared to be a final bright star falling into alignment. The ARRA seemed to complete the constellation: an astounding $100 billion of new federal funds--nearly twice the annual budget of the U.S.…

  17. The relationship between government and opposition in the bundestag and house of commons in the run?up to the Maastricht Treaty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Moshe Maor

    1998-01-01

    This article analyses modes of interaction between government and opposition in the German Bundestag and the British House of Commons in the run?up to the Maastricht Treaty, and the implications of co?operation or a lack thereof for the parties involved. The article is based on the premise that the government—opposition relationship is not derived solely from power relationships and institutional

  18. University Reforms and Academic Governance Reconsidered: Report of the Six-Nation Higher Education Research Project. RIHE International Publication Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arimoto, Akira, Ed.

    This report contains papers from the Six Nation Higher Education Research Project, an initiative that has focused on making a comparative study of the reform of higher education at the stage of postmassification in six countries: China, Germany, Singapore, Switzerland, the United States, and Japan. The papers are: (1) The Six Nation Higher…

  19. Governance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, K. D.

    School boards in 1977 produced a significant amount of litigation while at the same time a significant amount of litigation was produced against individual board members themselves. This chapter discusses those court cases related to governance of public education by school boards. Topics discussed include board bias in the wake of Wood v.…

  20. District of Columbia Public Schools: While Early Reform Efforts Tackle Critical Management Issues, a District-Wide Strategic Education Plan Would Help Guide Long-Term Efforts. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate. GAO-08-549T

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashby, Cornelia M.

    2008-01-01

    In response to long-standing problems with student academic performance, the condition of school facilities, and the overall management of the D.C. public school system, the D.C. Council approved the Public Education Reform Amendment Act of 2007 (Reform Act). The Reform Act made major changes to the operations and governance of the D.C. public…

  1. The Little White School House: The Impact of Progressive Reform on the Social and Educational Policy of the United States Indian Service and Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1895-1940.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Senese, Guy Blaise

    Christian (1880-1900) and Progressive (1920-1940) reforms affected the U.S. government's attempt to acculturate and educate American Indians. Religious groups supported the Dawes Allotment Act (1887), which allotted parcels of land, previously tribally held, to individual Indians. This led to de-tribalization, loss of cultural identity, and loss…

  2. U.S. assistance programs for economic and political reform and dismantling of weapons of mass destruction in the NIS. Hearing before the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session, March 3, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The hearing addresses United States Assistance Programs for Economic and Political reform and dismantling of weapons of mass destruction in the New Independent States (NIS) created after the disolution of the former Soviet Union. Witnesses described the conditions and needs in the NIS for assistance and the proposed budget. Statements of government and industry officials are provided along with documents submitted for the record.

  3. 7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Use With Rural Housing Site Loans C Exhibit C...GRANTS Rural Housing Site Loan Policies, Procedures...Use With Rural Housing Site Loans Whereas, The...acting through the Farmers Home Administration or its successor...Office filed Book No. Page No. And...

  4. Right now, committees in the House and Senate continue to hammer out their reform proposals. That work will continue in July, with bills expected to hit the House and Senate floors before the August break. If this ambitious timeline can be met, House and Senate negotiators will work in August to resolve differences between the bills passed in each body and Congress will vote on the final package in September. Things are moving fast in Washington these days and everything is subject to change. Here's a snapshot of where we stand

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Last week, the three House Committees responsible for reform legislation unveiled a reform package they estimate will cover 95% of the uninsured and bring down costs for the entire country. (The committees are: Energy & Commerce, Ways & Means, and Education & Labor.) The proposal is being discussed in hearings this week before the committees begin their formal consideration of

  5. Does more equitable governance lead to more equitable health care? A case study based on the implementation of health reform in Aboriginal health Australia.

    PubMed

    Kelaher, Margaret; Sabanovic, Hana; La Brooy, Camille; Lock, Mark; Lusher, Dean; Brown, Larry

    2014-12-01

    There is growing evidence that providing increased voice to vulnerable or disenfranchised populations is important to improving health equity. In this paper we will examine the engagement of Aboriginal community members and community controlled organisations in local governance reforms associated with the Aboriginal Health National Partnership Agreements (AHNPA) in Australia and its impact on the uptake of health assessments. The sample included qualitative and quantitative responses from 188 people involved in regional governance in Aboriginal health. The study included data on the uptake of Aboriginal health assessments from July 2008 to December 2012. The study population was 83190 in 2008/9, 856986 in 2009/10, 88256 in 2010/11 and 90903 in 2011/12. Logistic regression was used to examine the relationships between organisations within forums and the regional uptake of Aboriginal health assessments. The independent variables included before and after the AHNPA, state, remoteness, level of representation from Aboriginal organisations and links between Aboriginal and mainstream organisations. The introduction of the AHNPA was associated with a shift in power from central government to regional forums. This shift has enabled Aboriginal people a much greater voice in governance. The results of the analyses show that improvements in the uptake of health assessments were associated with stronger links between Aboriginal organisations and between mainstream organisations working with Aboriginal organisations. Higher levels of community representation were also associated with improved uptake of health assessments in the AHNPA. The findings suggest that the incorporation of Aboriginal community and community controlled organisations in regional planning plays an important role in improving health equity. This study makes an important contribution to understanding the processes through which the incorporation of disadvantaged groups into governance might contribute to health equity. PMID:25103343

  6. Reforming Head Start: What "Re-Competition" Means for the Federal Government's Pre-K Program. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Severns, Maggie

    2012-01-01

    Head Start, the federal government's pre-K program, is at a crossroads. The program has been used as an anti-poverty measure by the government for over 45 years. It has grown significantly since its inception and provided many children with a valuable, high-quality early education, and in FY2012 served more than 960,000 children under 5 on a $7.9…

  7. Public Sector Reform and Governance for Adaptation: Implications of New Public Management for Adaptive Capacity in Mexico and Norway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hallie EakinSiri; Siri Eriksen; Per-Ove Eikeland; Cecilie Øyen

    2011-01-01

    Although many governments are assuming the responsibility of initiating adaptation policy in relation to climate change, the\\u000a compatibility of “governance-for-adaptation” with the current paradigms of public administration has generally been overlooked.\\u000a Over the last several decades, countries around the globe have embraced variants of the philosophy of administration broadly\\u000a called “New Public Management” (NPM) in an effort to improve administrative

  8. Community College Governance: Three Reform Recommendations. A Position Paper. The California Community College Trustees' Response to the First Draft of the Reassessment Study of the Commission for the Review of the Master Plan for Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giles, Ray

    Developed in response to the report, "Beyond Access: A Reassessment of California Community Colleges," this position paper by the California Community College Trustees (CCCT) presents three reform recommendations for community college governance. After offering support for many of the specific proposals of the report, the position paper states the…

  9. Extending the physical and cultural boundaries of affordable housing : a reconfiguration of the Franklin Field Public Housing Development

    E-print Network

    Makuku, Owiso A. (Owiso Atsali), 1968-

    1999-01-01

    Public housing is in a state of revision. Changes in attitude and approach to housing low-income people, evident in housing reform, are challenging the standard which public housing has come to represent. After years of ...

  10. Putting the Pieces Together: Toward a Comprehensive Program of Social Reform (Reformulating Our Approaches to School Governance).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, Luvern L.

    1991-01-01

    Basic tenets of citizen control of education at state and local levels are well established historically and remain intact after three centuries of U.S. educational experience. This paper advocates substantial change in the structure and management of local governments. Too many change proposals are cosmetic. Kentucky and Memphis-Shelby County are…

  11. The Diffusion of Governance Reform in American Public Education: An Event History Analysis of State Takeover and Charter School Laws

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Kenneth K.; Langevin, Warren E.

    2005-01-01

    The political tradition of local school governance predates the existence of the United States. Yet the most prominent mechanisms for the exercise of local discretion have evolved considerably from their colonial origins in response to the changing political climate of the nation, constituent demands, and legislative innovation. Recognizing the…

  12. 77 FR 18723 - Streamlining Requirements Governing the Use of Funding for Supportive Housing for the Elderly and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-28

    ...original capital advance. 8. In Sec...receive a capital advance and project rental assistance payments to develop and operate supportive housing for the elderly...receive a capital advance and project rental assistance payments to develop and...supportive housing for persons...

  13. Information Dissemination: Innovative Ways Agencies Are Using Technology. Testimony before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Jack L., Jr.

    This testimony discusses ways in which some federal government agencies use technology to provide the public with cheaper, faster access to a wider range of information which can be searched and manipulated in ways never possible on the printed page. Technologies included in the discussion are compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM), electronic…

  14. Continuity or Change: what a future Conservative Continuity or Change: what a future Conservative Continuity or Change: what a future Conservative Continuity or Change: what a future Conservative government might mean for regional, housing and

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Crisp; Rob Macmillan; David Robinson; Peter Wells

    Abstract Abstract Abstract This paper reviews current Conservative Party thinking in relation to four policy areas: urban and regional policy; housing policy; labour market and welfare policy; and the third sector. It seeks to explore aspects of continuity and change, both with the current New Labour government and the Conservative government of 1979-1997. A remarkable degree of continuity is revealed,

  15. A governance model for integrated primary/secondary care for the health-reforming first world – results of a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Internationally, key health care reform elements rely on improved integration of care between the primary and secondary sectors. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise the existing published literature on elements of current integrated primary/secondary health care. These elements and how they have supported integrated healthcare governance are presented. Methods A systematic review of peer-reviewed literature from PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, Informit Health Collection, the Primary Health Care Research and Information Service, the Canadian Health Services Research Foundation, European Foundation for Primary Care, European Forum for Primary Care, and Europa Sinapse was undertaken for the years 2006–2012. Relevant websites were also searched for grey literature. Papers were assessed by two assessors according to agreed inclusion criteria which were published in English, between 2006–2012, studies describing an integrated primary/secondary care model, and had reported outcomes in care quality, efficiency and/or satisfaction. Results Twenty-one studies met the inclusion criteria. All studies evaluated the process of integrated governance and service delivery structures, rather than the effectiveness of services. They included case reports and qualitative data analyses addressing policy change, business issues and issues of clinical integration. A thematic synthesis approach organising data according to themes identified ten elements needed for integrated primary/secondary health care governance across a regional setting including: joint planning; integrated information communication technology; change management; shared clinical priorities; incentives; population focus; measurement – using data as a quality improvement tool; continuing professional development supporting joint working; patient/community engagement; and, innovation. Conclusions All examples of successful primary/secondary care integration reported in the literature have focused on a combination of some, if not all, of the ten elements described in this paper, and there appears to be agreement that multiple elements are required to ensure successful and sustained integration efforts. Whilst no one model fits all systems these elements provide a focus for setting up integration initiatives which need to be flexible for adapting to local conditions and settings. PMID:24359610

  16. Reforming Science: Structural Reforms

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Science has a critical role to play in addressing humanity's most important challenges in the twenty-first century. However, the contemporary scientific enterprise has developed in ways that prevent it from reaching maximum effectiveness and detract from the appeal of a research career. To be effective, the methodological and culture reforms discussed in the accompanying essay must be accompanied by fundamental structural reforms that include a renewed vigorous societal investment in science and scientists. PMID:22184420

  17. Campaign Finance Reform

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    de Nie, Michael Willem.

    1997-01-01

    The 1996 US election, which took in more than $260 million in soft money alone, was the most expensive in the nation's history. Long time advocates of campaign finance reform have rallied behind the revised McCain-Feingold proposal which, among other reforms, would ban soft money. However, recent Senate hearings have revealed that the bill does not have the necessary support to pass. The majority of Republican Senators, led by Mitch McConnell, who has pledged to filibuster if necessary, oppose the McCain-Feingold proposal. Recent comments by the Republican leadership in the House reveal that campaign finance reform, as it is currently envisaged, is unlikely to make progress in that chamber either. These sites provide a large number of informative and analytical pieces on campaign finance reform, written from viewpoints across the political spectrum.

  18. In Egypt, Grand Plans Meet Harsh Realities: As the Government Prepares Reforms for Higher Education, Scholars Worry that Academic Freedom Will Not Improve

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoepf, Katherine

    2005-01-01

    Despite governmental efforts to reform higher education in Egypt, faculty and students are concerned that academic freedom will remain limited. This article discusses censorship, funding, overcrowding, corruption, and mismanagement in public Egyptian universities.

  19. Catalog of School Reform Models. Program Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buechler, Mark

    Comprehensive school reform involves changes in every aspect of school operations, from classroom instruction to school governance. Some schools develop their own reform approach from within. Others seek assistance from without, particularly from organizations that have developed coherent, research-based approaches, or school-reform models. For…

  20. Effects of housing policies on intra-urban inequality in transitioning China

    E-print Network

    Xu, Yi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    In the People's Republic of China, housing reform was launched in the 1980s as a component of the overall economic reform. In the 1990s, housing policies, privatization and subsidies combined, were found to contribute to ...

  1. The prevalence of obesity, risk factors and associated diseases in Klong Toey slum and Klong Toey government apartment houses.

    PubMed

    Bunnag, S C; Sitthi-Amorn, C; Chandraprasert, S

    1990-01-01

    The epidemiological study in low socioeconomic area of Bangkok, Klong Toey slum residents (n = 976) and apartment house residents (n = 906) of both sexes revealed the prevalence rates of overweight of 25.5% and 30.5%, obesity 10% and 11.1%; hypertension 17.3%; and 14%; diabetes 4.5% and 5.9%; IGT 6.1% and 4.4%; total abnormal GTT 10.6% and 10.3%; hypercholesterolemia 14.1% and 12%; hypertriglyceridemia 24.8% and 22.7%; low HDL-C 3.1% and 1.8%; hyperuricemia 7.7% and 10.4% respectively. The prevalence rates of the related diseases and conditions were increased when BMI was over 25 in both populations except for those with abnormal GTT and hyperuricemia in the slum residents. Concerning risk factors, discriminant analysis disclosed diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and atherogenic index as the first two factors significantly associated with overweight and obesity (BMI greater than 25) in both populations. Restructuring of the health service delivery system and care-taker re-educating together with production of meaningful mass communication media are needed for promotion of health care, prevention of these non-communicable diseases and their sequelae by non-pharmacological approach. PMID:2286156

  2. Explaining EMU Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SHAWN DONNELLY; Stanley L. Winer

    2005-01-01

    AbstractThis article develops a model to explain the roles of national governments in the reform process of rules for economic and monetary union (EMU) in Europe. A study of Germany, France and Spain underlines the importance of electoral politics and institutional arrangements in producing distinctive policy triangles on domestic economic and budget policy, and subsequent demands for specific EMU rules.

  3. The Stuttgart Reform Concept.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bienert, F.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews curriculum reform being implemented at the Library School of Stuttgart for students planning to work in public libraries. Components of the new curriculum include core courses in library science, electives in special areas of librarianship, seminars in chosen subject disciplines, and field work in libraries and government agencies. (LRW)

  4. The University Libraries system on the CU-Boulder campus includes five branch libraries--Business, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Math/Physics, and Music--and Norlin Library, housing Archives, Government Publications, Special

    E-print Network

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    The University Libraries system on the CU-Boulder campus includes five branch libraries--Business, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Math/Physics, and Music--and Norlin Library, housing Archives, Government Publications, Special Collections, East Asian, and Science libraries. Reference and Instructional Services

  5. Managing the Federal Direct Student Loan Program. Hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session (June 10, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    The House Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations met to hear testimony from leaders in government and higher education on managing the federal direct student loan program. Focus was on the Department of Education's plans to correct existing management problems of the Guaranteed Student Loan Program and implement the…

  6. After Access: Canadian Education and Copyright Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geist, Michael

    2006-01-01

    With the dramatic growth of the Internet in the 1990s, the Canadian government developed a well-regarded strategy for addressing the emerging issues posed by the "information highway." The strategy featured legal reforms to address privacy and e-commerce, administrative reforms for the government online initiative, and connectivity programs such…

  7. Strengthening local government budgeting and accountability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Schaeffer; Serdar Yilmaz

    2008-01-01

    In many developing and middle-income countries, decentralization reforms are promoting changes in governance structures that are reshaping the relationship between local governments and citizens. The success of these decentralization reforms depends on the existence of sound public financial systems both at the central and local levels. This paper focuses on the role of budgeting as a critical tool in reform

  8. Reformer Fuel Injector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Suder, Jennifer L.

    2004-01-01

    Today's form of jet engine power comes from what is called a gas turbine engine. This engine is on average 14% efficient and emits great quantities of green house gas carbon dioxide and air pollutants, Le. nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides. The alternate method being researched involves a reformer and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Reformers are becoming a popular area of research within the industry scale. NASA Glenn Research Center's approach is based on modifying the large aspects of industry reforming processes into a smaller jet fuel reformer. This process must not only be scaled down in size, but also decrease in weight and increase in efficiency. In comparison to today's method, the Jet A fuel reformer will be more efficient as well as reduce the amount of air pollutants discharged. The intent is to develop a 10kW process that can be used to satisfy the needs of commercial jet engines. Presently, commercial jets use Jet-A fuel, which is a kerosene based hydrocarbon fuel. Hydrocarbon fuels cannot be directly fed into a SOFC for the reason that the high temperature causes it to decompose into solid carbon and Hz. A reforming process converts fuel into hydrogen and supplies it to a fuel cell for power, as well as eliminating sulfur compounds. The SOFC produces electricity by converting H2 and CO2. The reformer contains a catalyst which is used to speed up the reaction rate and overall conversion. An outside company will perform a catalyst screening with our baseline Jet-A fuel to determine the most durable catalyst for this application. Our project team is focusing on the overall research of the reforming process. Eventually we will do a component evaluation on the different reformer designs and catalysts. The current status of the project is the completion of buildup in the test rig and check outs on all equipment and electronic signals to our data system. The objective is to test various reformer designs and catalysts in our test rig to determine the most efficient configuration to incorporate into the specific compact jet he1 reformer test rig. Additional information is included in the original extended abstract.

  9. Housing in Los Angeles: Affordable Housing for the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Los Angeles Blue Ribbon Committee for Affordable Housing, CA.

    A 1988 mayoral committee assessed the seriousness of Los Angeles (California) housing problems and found that the city's housing efforts were sufficient in the 1960s, when the Federal Government took primary responsibility for housing and the average wage was adequate to support the cost of the average house or apartment. However, the following…

  10. Fuel Cell/Reformers Technology Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center is interested in developing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell for use in aerospace applications. Solid oxide fuel cell requires hydrogen rich feed stream by converting commercial aviation jet fuel in a fuel processing process. The grantee's primary research activities center on designing and constructing a test facility for evaluating injector concepts to provide optimum feeds to fuel processor; collecting and analyzing literature information on fuel processing and desulfurization technologies; establishing industry and academic contacts in related areas; providing technical support to in-house SOFC-based system studies. Fuel processing is a chemical reaction process that requires efficient delivery of reactants to reactor beds for optimum performance, i.e., high conversion efficiency and maximum hydrogen production, and reliable continuous operation. Feed delivery and vaporization quality can be improved by applying NASA's expertise in combustor injector design. A 10 KWe injector rig has been designed, procured, and constructed to provide a tool to employ laser diagnostic capability to evaluate various injector concepts for fuel processing reactor feed delivery application. This injector rig facility is now undergoing mechanical and system check-out with an anticipated actual operation in July 2004. Multiple injector concepts including impinging jet, venturi mixing, discrete jet, will be tested and evaluated with actual fuel mixture compatible with reforming catalyst requirement. Research activities from September 2002 to the closing of this collaborative agreement have been in the following areas: compiling literature information on jet fuel reforming; conducting autothermal reforming catalyst screening; establishing contacts with other government agencies for collaborative research in jet fuel reforming and desulfurization; providing process design basis for the build-up of injector rig facility and individual injector design.

  11. Reforming the Reform: Attempting Social Solidarity and Equity in Chile's Privatized Social Security System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Silvia Borzutzky

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the pension reform carried out by Chile's Bachelet administration in 2008. The goal of the reform was to expand the privatized pension system introduced by the Pinochet military government in 1980 by universalizing benefits, augmenting the value of pension, and reducing old-age poverty over time. The most important accomplishment of the reform legislation is to guarantee a

  12. Reformers and Reform: Towards Free Public Libraries in Victoria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Donald

    2007-01-01

    The "Victorian Free Library Service Board Act" of 1946 was the culmination of a long campaign to replace the mechanics' institute model of library provision with free libraries funded by state and local government. Given that library reform required legislation by the state government, this paper is mainly concerned with the political campaign…

  13. Department of Education: Challenges in Promoting Access and Excellence in Education. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanchette, Cornelia M.

    This document contains the testimony given by Cornelia M. Blanchette, associate director of education and employment issues in the Health, Education, and Human Services Division of the U.S. Department of Education. The document discusses challenges that the Department of Education faces in carrying out its mission in a cost-efficient and effective…

  14. Acquisition Management: Agencies Can Improve Training on New Initiatives. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy, Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    A study assessed strategies agencies use to ensure that their workforces are receiving the training necessary to implement acquisition initiatives. Focus was on the General Services Administration (GSA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and Department of Defense (DOD). Findings indicated that the critical elements important to…

  15. Ocean dumping of radioactive waste off the Pacific Coast. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session, October 7, 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    Hearings of the Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, 96th Congress are reported. Analyses of health and environmental implications of dump sites in the Atlantic as well as the Pacific Ocean are presented. Statements are included from representatives of various federal agencies and from public interest groups such as Friends of the Earth, Project Tektite and the US Mussel Watch Committee. (JMT)

  16. Family Housing Wysocki House

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Family Housing Wysocki House 911 North Pleasant Street University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA):________________________________________ STUDENT ENROLLMENT: Undergrad Graduate Are you a current Family Housing Tenant?_________ UMASS STAFF WOULD LIKE US TO KNOW? LIST REMARKS BELOW: SEE REVERSE SIDE FOR APARTMENT PREFERENCE SELECTION FAMILY

  17. Department of Education's College Construction Loan Programs. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    This document records the hearing of a Subcommittee of the House on its 3-month investigation of the College Housing Loan Program and the Academic Facilities Loan Program, which are administered by the Department of Education. These programs have awarded about $5 billion in loans to finance the construction of dormitories, dining halls, student…

  18. Tort reform: the pathologists' perspective.

    PubMed

    Foucar, Elliott; Wick, Mark R

    2007-05-01

    Physicians who become ensnarled in malpractice litigation often feel that the tort system has treated them unfairly. This negative perception has fueled physician efforts to enact "reforms" intended to mitigate the damage that allegations of medical negligence currently have on both individual physicians and on the practice of medicine itself. Although physicians are generally enthusiastic about "reform," there is currently no definition that allows tort "reform" to be separated from related initiatives. Some physicians largely restrict the term to defendant-friendly changes in the rules and procedures governing the workings of the tort system, whereas others take a somewhat broader view. In the present paper, we have favored the broader approach to the topic, leading to a discussion of 30 measures that have been presented in the context of tort "reform." Although most of these measures involve changes in the complex rules governing the malpractice tort system itself (eg, capping jury awarded damages), our broader view of "reform" also includes attempts to exert influence on the tort system from the outside (eg, peer review of expert testimony) and measures designed to keep patient dissatisfaction out of the tort system (eg, apology for error). Some would argue for an even broader view of tort "reform" that would including measures for reducing the pool of dissatisfied patients. For example, trial lawyers have claimed that physicians have put far too much effort into "reforms" that reduce the legal consequences of committing medical errors, and not enough effort into "reforms" that would reduce the errors themselves. The latter point may or may not have some validity, but there is a natural demarcation between measures designed to align medical outcomes with patient expectations (eg, error reduction, better diagnostic technology) and others designed to improve the processes that resolve patient dissatisfaction. Only the latter meet our definition of tort "reform." PMID:17633354

  19. Reforming process

    SciTech Connect

    Mitsche, R.T.; Pope, G.N.

    1981-01-06

    A process for reforming a naphtha feedstock is disclosed. The reforming process is effected at reforming conditions in contact with a catalyst comprising a platinum group metal component and a group iv-a metal component composited with an alumina support wherein said support is prepared by admixing an alpha alumina monohydrate with an aqueous ammoniacal solution having a ph of at least about 7.5 to form a stable suspension. A salt of a strong acid, e.g., aluminum nitrate, is commingled with the suspension to form an extrudable paste or dough. On extrusion, the extrudate is dried and calcined to form said alumina support.

  20. Distributed Leadership for ICT Reform in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ng, David; Ho, Jeanne

    2012-01-01

    This study examines distributed leadership in Information Communication Technology reform in a government school in Singapore. The study adopts a naturalistic inquiry approach, drawing upon a case study of the aforementioned school for much of its data. The study found that leadership for Information Communication Technology reform is distributed…

  1. Tax Asymmetries and Corporate Income Tax Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saman Majd; Stewart C. Myers

    1986-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of tax asymmetries (the lack of full loss offsets) under current corporate income tax law and a stylized tax reform proposal. The government's tax claim on the firm's pretax cash flows is modelled as a series of path-dependent call options and valued by option pricing procedures and Monte Carlo simulation.The tax reform investigated reduces the

  2. Federal Habeas Corpus Reform: The State's Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher E. Smith

    1995-01-01

    Utilizing a national survey of assistant state attorneys general, this article examines the effects of the Rehnquist Court's judicially initiated habeas corpus reforms upon the justice system. Although the Court's initiatives were directed at the branch of government about which the justices presumably possess their greatest knowledge and expertise, the reforms generated unanticipated consequences. Contrary to the justices' goal of

  3. Why Did China Reform Its Death Penalty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kandis Scott

    2010-01-01

    China recently reformed its death penalty laws, and as a result the government has executed fewer prisoners. The author explores possible reasons and policy concerns behind China's legal reform. These influences include international forces and domestic factors, such as the media, changed circumstances, compassion, and politics. Although hardly transparent, the underlying motivations for the revisions suggest that eventually China may

  4. Liberalism, Radicalism, and Self-Governing Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Ronald

    1978-01-01

    Contrasts Karl Popper's theory of social reform with a Marxist theory of reform. Concludes that a liberal approach to educational reform, as exemplified by A.S. Neill's self-governing school at Summerhill, is generally more satisfactory. (Author/DB)

  5. Primary care reform: a three country comparison of `budget holding'

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paula Wilton; Richard D. Smith

    1998-01-01

    Governments in most developed nations have been looking to organisational and financial reform of health systems over the last decade. Although the structure and problems of the health care sector in each country may differ, with countries correspondingly adopting different reform agendas, there has been some element of commonality in reforms: that of (managed) competition. Of particular importance in such

  6. Health Care System Reform in China: Issues, Challenges and Options

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rong Hu; Chunli Shen; Heng-fu Zou

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines health care reform in urban and rural China. Before health care reform, Chinese health service facilities were run entirely by the state and basically they performed a social welfare function. This health care system greatly improved the population health conditions but many problems started to emerge in 1980s when the economic reform started. Since then, the government

  7. Maastricht treaty: Consequences for national housing policies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hugo Priemus; Mark Kleinman; Duncan Maclennan; Bengt Turner

    1994-01-01

    European integration will have several effects on national housing policies. The major responsibility for policy formulation and policy implementation in housing will remain with national and local governments. Nevertheless, the Maastricht Treaty will have important implications for housing through several channels: factor mobility, competition policy and liberalisation of markets, economic growth, lower inflation, cuts in government spending, tax harmonisation and

  8. International Classification of Local Government Accounting Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernardino Benito; Isabel Brusca

    2004-01-01

    In recent years most of the OECD countries have introduced important reforms in their public accounting systems, with the objective both of improving public service management and increasing the transparency and accountability of governments. In that context, we think that it could be interesting to study whether the changes and reforms have led to the convergence of local government accounting

  9. Healthcare Reform Perspectives of Rural and Urban Hospital Leaders: Issues and Attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard L. Smith

    1994-01-01

    What are the perspectives of rural and urban hospital leaders—administrators, physicians, and board members—regarding healthcare reform? Both groups support substantial reform in healthcare delivery. They agree that changing malpractice and tort laws is one of the leading strategies for reforming healthcare and that reform should be financed by income tax credits or a combination of employer premiums and government taxes.

  10. Information Resources. Summary of Federal Agencies' Information Resources Management Problems. Fact Sheet for the Chairman, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Information Management and Technology Div.

    Even though the effective use of information resources is critical to government operations, reports of studies by the Information Management and Technology (IMTEC) Division of the General Accounting Office have shown that agencies have frequently had problems in managing these resources. At the request of the Committee on Government Operations of…

  11. Slab reformer

    DOEpatents

    Spurrier, Francis R. (Whitehall, PA); DeZubay, Egon A. (Mt. Lebanon, PA); Murray, Alexander P. (Murrysville, PA); Vidt, Edward J. (Churchill, PA)

    1984-02-07

    Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot comubstion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

  12. Slab reformer

    DOEpatents

    Spurrier, Francis R. (Whitehall, PA); DeZubay, Egon A. (Mt. Lebanon, PA); Murray, Alexander P. (Murrysville, PA); Vidt, Edward J. (Churchill, PA)

    1985-03-12

    Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

  13. Slab reformer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spurrier, Francis R. (Inventor); DeZubay, Egon A. (Inventor); Murray, Alexander P. (Inventor); Vidt, Edward J. (Inventor)

    1985-01-01

    Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

  14. Slab reformer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spurrier, Francis R. (Inventor); DeZubay, Egon A. (Inventor); Murray, Alexander P. (Inventor); Vidt, Edward J. (Inventor)

    1984-01-01

    Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot comubstion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

  15. Slab reformer

    DOEpatents

    Spurrier, F.R.; DeZubay, E.A.; Murray, A.P.; Vidt, E.J.

    1984-02-07

    Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations are disclosed particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant. 14 figs.

  16. Subsidizing Housing Finance for the Poor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marja C. Hoek-Smit

    Nearly all governments intervene in housing finance markets, primarily for social and political reasons. The availability of debt finance for housing is a critical component of a housing system. Housing is one of the largest investments in an economy, often the most significant parts of a household budget, and a key barometer of social well-being. When societies urbanize and real

  17. Land Reform beyond the Reformed Land: A Baseline Study of Unplanned Site Allocations in Brazil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saulo S. Souza; Elisabete A. Silva

    2012-01-01

    This paper brings to light some of the problems deriving from not systematically using regional planning as a strategic governance tool in land reform policy. With concrete examples from land reform sites in Northeast Brazil, we argue that factors leading to suboptimal results include the lack of a suited space for planned conjunct actions as a means to propel broader

  18. Medicare and Medicaid Reform: Protecting the Aged and Indigent in Texas. Hearing before the Select Committee on Aging. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (El Paso, TX).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Aging.

    Testimonies and related materials from a Congressional hearing on Medicare and Medicaid reform are presented. Chairman Mike Synar's opening remarks deal with the need to maintain quality health care and access to care in the era of such cost containment policies as Diagnostic Related Groups. The chairman calls for reform of the Medicare and…

  19. The importance of socio-economic and political losses and gains in welfare state reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara Vis

    2009-01-01

    When do governments pursue unpopular reform, such as cutting benefits? And when do they engage in not-unpopular reform, such as activation? Current approaches in welfare state research cannot systematically explain the cross-government variation in the two types of reform. Based on insights from prospect theory, a psychological theory of choice under risk, this article complements existing theories by arguing that

  20. Meeting the Need for Child Care: Problems and Progress. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    A hearing was held to identify problems and assess progress in the provision of affordable, high quality child care. Testimony concerned: (1) problems working parents have had in providing care for their young children; (2) day care initiatives and needs in California; (3) ways in which San Mateo County used its housing and community development…

  1. Museum Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. B. Meyer

    1877-01-01

    ``J. P.'' suggests, under the head of ``Museum Reform'' (vol. xvi. p. 183), the idea of a conference of museum keepers, out of which a permanent union among museum officers might result, I am of opinion that this idea is an excellent one, and that the administration of the museums of all countries would gain a great deal if an

  2. Reframing Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deal, Terrence E.

    1990-01-01

    Previous educational reform efforts have not made significant, lasting improvements because they focused on correcting visible structural flaws. Educational organizations are social organisms held together by a symbolic webbing, not formal systems driven by goals, official roles, commands, and rules. Deep structures and practices must be…

  3. Health Care Reform’s Impact on Home Medical Equipment (HME) Providers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence Lepelstat

    2011-01-01

    Durable Medical Equipment (DME) suppliers will be impacted by numerous provisions of the health reform legislation collectively known as the Affordable Care Act. Specifically, the areas of greatest impact are in reimbursement, access and government oversight.

  4. Welfare Reform, Family Hardship, and Women of Color

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda Burnham

    2001-01-01

    Welfare reform has increased the hardships faced by many women leaving welfare for work. Their movement into low-wage jobs, or to no work, exposes them to higher levels of housing insecurity, homelessness, food insecurity, and hunger. Women of color, overrepresented on the welfare rolls, are especially vulnerable to the negative impacts of welfare reform.

  5. Factors Affecting Housing Developers' Readiness to Adopt Innovative Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    NorAini Yusof; Mohd Wira Mohd Shafiei

    2011-01-01

    To tackle the problem of abandoned housing projects and improve the quality of housing, the Malaysian Government has proposed a new housing delivery system known as Build Then Sell (BTS). To encourage BTS, the government has introduced a fast-track planning approval process, a waiver of a deposit for a developer's license and an exemption for low-cost houses. However, many developers

  6. Rural Education Reform: The Consultation Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulcahy, Dennis M.

    On September 10, 1996, the government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada) announced that public consultation on education reform would begin on September 16. Just prior to the first hearing, the government circulated a document entitled "Structuring the Education System: A Public Consultation Paper for Educational Change in Newfoundland and…

  7. Knowledge Regimes and Contradictions in Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aasen, Petter; Prøitz, Tine Sophie; Sandberg, Nina

    2014-01-01

    The article outlines a theoretical framework for understanding education policy and education reforms based on the concept of knowledge regimes. The concept refers to understandings and definitions of governance and procedural aspects, manners of governing and curriculum issues, thus it comprises contents, structures, and processes of education…

  8. An investigation into the use of REITs to finance affordable housing in Mainland China

    E-print Network

    Huang, Yuxuan, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Mainland China's system of affordable housing provides housing for low and medium income groups. Housing for sale and housing for rent give residents two choices and also give two choices for municipal governments to provide ...

  9. Reforming catalyst

    SciTech Connect

    Baird, W.C. Jr.; Swan, G.A.

    1991-11-19

    This patent describes a catalyst useful for reforming a naphtha feed at high severity reforming conditions. It comprises the metals, platinum, rhenium and iridium on a refractory porous inorganic oxide support, the support consisting essentially of alumina, wherein the concentration by weight of each of the metals platinum and rhenium is at least 0.1 percent and iridium at least 0.15 percent and at least one of the metals is present in a concentration of at least 0.3 percent, and the sum-total; concentration of the metals is greater than 0.9 percent, and wherein each catalyst particle contains all three of the metals platinum, rhenium and iridium. This patent also describes this composition wherein the catalyst contains from about 0.1 percent to about 3 percent of a halogen and from about 0.05 percent to about 0.02 percent sulfur.

  10. Aaron House From: Aaron House

    E-print Network

    He, Chuan

    1 Aaron House From: Aaron House Sent: Tuesday, January 28, 2014 3:27 PM To://finserv.uchicago.edu/award/benefits.shtml If you have questions, email finservhelp@lists.uchicago.edu Aaron House Training Manager

  11. Federal Information Dissemination Policies and Practices: Hearings before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives. One Hundred First Congress, First Session, April 18, May 23, and July 11, 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    Three hearings were held in order to conduct a comprehensive review of the issues, problems, and activities affecting the public availability of government information. It is noted that new information technologies, particularly electronic formats and telecommunications, are forcing the reconsideration of the flow of information from the Federal…

  12. Statement of the National Tribal Chairmen's Association to the Committee on Government Operations, U.S. House of Representatives on H.R. 13343.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Tribal Chairmen's Association, Inc.

    In this statement on H.R. 13343 presented to the Committee on Government Operations, the National Tribal Chairmen's Association, along with the National Congress of American Indians and the Alaska Federation of Natives, has voiced an "emphatic and uncompromising no" to the transfer of Indian education out of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and…

  13. Reforming the Military Health Care System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slackman, Joel

    Serious problems beset the military's extensive system of health care: rising budgetary costs, dissatisfaction among its beneficiaries, and inadequate readiness for war. This report was written at the request of the House Committee on Armed Services to examine some of these issues. It looks at a range of possible reforms in the military health…

  14. Thermally integrated staged methanol reformer and method

    DOEpatents

    Skala, Glenn William (Churchville, NY); Hart-Predmore, David James (Rochester, NY); Pettit, William Henry (Rochester, NY); Borup, Rodney Lynn (East Rochester, NY)

    2001-01-01

    A thermally integrated two-stage methanol reformer including a heat exchanger and first and second reactors colocated in a common housing in which a gaseous heat transfer medium circulates to carry heat from the heat exchanger into the reactors. The heat transfer medium comprises principally hydrogen, carbon dioxide, methanol vapor and water vapor formed in a first stage reforming reaction. A small portion of the circulating heat transfer medium is drawn off and reacted in a second stage reforming reaction which substantially completes the reaction of the methanol and water remaining in the drawn-off portion. Preferably, a PrOx reactor will be included in the housing upstream of the heat exchanger to supplement the heat provided by the heat exchanger.

  15. Governance and Institutional Autonomy: Governing and Governance in Portuguese Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magalhaes, Antonio; Veiga, Amelia; Ribeiro, Filipa; Amaral, Alberto

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims at looking at governance instruments beyond managerial technicality. It intends to do so by analysing the impact of governance reforms on the universities autonomy assumed as a regulation instrument to politically steer systems and institutions. The regulation efforts undertaken at the European and national levels reflect a trend…

  16. Housing Policy, Subprime Mortgage Policy, and the Federal Housing Administration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dwight M. Jaffee; John M. Quigley

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes federal programs providing insurance and credit guarantees for housing. We analyze activities managed by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), the Veterans' Administration (VA), and the Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSEs). We review and quantify the public resources devoted to these programs - the market value of the federal insurance and credit guarantees provided. The review clearly establishes the

  17. Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

    This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

  18. Exploring the enabling approach to housing through the Abuja Mass Housing Scheme

    E-print Network

    Umoh, Nse (Nseabasi Effiong)

    2012-01-01

    The magnitude of the housing problem in Nigeria is immense; the current deficit is around 12 to 16 million units. Government attempts to address housing availability has been a recurring theme throughout Nigeria's history. ...

  19. The Philosophy of University Housing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, James A.

    2012-01-01

    This article examines a stated philosophy of university housing and the philosophy's effect on the facilitation of the personal and intellectual growth of students residing in the residence halls and the development of a sense of community. This particular philosophy governs the housing operations at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.…

  20. The national education reform movement

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, M.S.

    1994-12-31

    In 1994, legislation called the Goals 2000 Act was passed, marking the first time the federal government has become directly involved in helping to improve the quality and equality of the entire K-12 education system. Goals 2000 is designed to stimulate standards-based reform in all of the Union`s fifty states. This legislation incorporated a strategy that is deliberately different from other federal endeavors in that it fosters bottom-up local reform guided by challenging standards. The hope is to create a long term, productive partnership among local schools, districts, states, and the federal government focused on bringing all students to far higher levels of achievement than in the past. This paper explores some of the challenges involved in reaching these goals and discusses the issues involved in standard-based education.

  1. Aaron House From: Aaron House

    E-print Network

    He, Chuan

    1 Aaron House From: Aaron House Sent: Thursday, February 27, 2014 9:50 AM To the webinar. Aaron House Training Manager University Research Administration The University of Chicago House [mailto:ahouse@uchicago.edu] Sent: Friday, February 21, 2014 1:19 PM To: Grantsadmin

  2. Reforming Again: Now Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marx, Ronald W.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Educational reform responds to local and national pressures to improve educational outcomes, and reform efforts cycle as similar pressures recur. Currently, reform efforts focus on teachers, even though confidence in a host of American social institutions is dropping. One of the most widespread reforms regarding teachers is the…

  3. Governing Public Universities in Arab Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ElObeidy, Ahmed A.

    2014-01-01

    Traditionally in Arab public universities, presidents are appointed by government authorities. Recently, in uprising Arab countries universities' presidents have been elected by universities' faculty members. Neither traditional nor self-governance pattern succeeded to modernise Arab universities. Reforming patterns of governance is…

  4. Infrastructure governance and corruption : where next ?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles Kenny

    2007-01-01

    Governance is central to development outcomes in infrastructure, not least because corruption (a symptom of failed governance) can have significantly negative impact on returns to infrastructure investment. This conclusion holds whether infrastructure is in private or public hands. This paper looks at what has been learned about the role of governance in infrastructure, provides some recent examples of reform efforts

  5. Congressional Calendar The House and Senate have returned from their Thanksgiving recess and

    E-print Network

    Escher, Christine

    extension of the 2009 rates for the next year. Health Care Reform: Affordable Health Care for America Act (HR 3962)/ Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (HR 3590) On Saturday, November 21, the Senate health care reform. The House is working on estate tax reform. Budget and Appropriations Update To date

  6. Welfare Reform: Success in Moving toward Work. Hearing before the Subcommittee on 21st Century Competitiveness of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (October 16, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This Congressional report contains the testimony and documents presented for the record at the second of two hearings on the effects of welfare reform and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. Other areas receiving particular attention from witnesses included the impacts of education and training on employment patterns…

  7. The Federal Role in K-12 Mathematics Reform. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Youth and Families of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (February 2, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This hearing focuses on the federal role in K-12 mathematics reform. Prepared statements are provided from: Michael N. Castle, Chairman, Subcommittee on Early Childhood Youth, and Families; Dale E. Kildee, Ranking Member, Subcommittee on Early Childhood Youth, and Families; Howard P. "Buck" Mckeon, Chairman, Subcommittee on Postsecondary…

  8. Health Care Reform: How Do Women, Children, and Teens Fare? Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

    Testimony of a hearing on health care reform, especially as it relates to women, children, and adolescents, is presented in this document. Statements and/or materials by these Representatives is included: Bill Barrett, Matthew Martinez, Mike Bilirakis, and Patricia Schroeder. Testimony and/or prepared statements and materials are included from…

  9. New Public Management in Educational Reform in Norway

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solhaug, Trond

    2011-01-01

    The article focuses on the similarities and differences in using new public management (NPM) administrative arrangements in educational policy as they have been presented in the educational reform process carried out this millennium by two governments in Norway: the Centre-Conservative government and the current Red-Green coalition government.…

  10. Fantasies of Empowerment: Mapping Neoliberal Discourse in the Coalition Government's Schools Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Adam

    2012-01-01

    The swift nature of school reform enacted by the new Conservative-led coalition government has sparked debate over the future of state education in Britain. While the government rhetoric suggests a decisive break with past policies, there is evidence to suggest that these reforms constitute the next stage of a long revolution in education reform,…

  11. Why Most Developing Countries Should Not Try New Zealand's Reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allen Schick

    1998-01-01

    During the past decade New Zealand has introduced far-reaching reforms in the structure and operation of government departments and agencies. This model has attracted interest in developing countries because it promises significant gains in operational efficiency. But developing countries, which are dominated by informal markets, are risky candidates for applying the New Zealand model. The author suggests that basic reforms

  12. Reinventing Human Resource Development: Unintended Consequences of Clinton Administration Reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judith M. Lombard

    2003-01-01

    Many Clinton–Gore government reform initiatives focused on federal training. The reforms were intended to make training a more flexible management tool and give line managers more authority for employee development and training. Under political directives, a number of changes were undertaken simultaneously without adequate monitoring to evaluate their impact on agency performance. Many changes had unintended, negative consequences. When reinvention

  13. Australian Curriculum Reform II: Health and Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one…

  14. Reforming Chicago Public Schools: The Intended and Unintended Consequences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vasquez, Rosetta

    The Chicago School Reform Act provided a rare opportunity for those who were involved in the development of the legislation to be primarily responsible for the initial implementation of the plan. The governance model of the Reform Act, which is the subject of this study, provided for an elected school counsel at each of 542 schools and maintained…

  15. Assessing the sustainability of pension reforms in Europe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aaron George Grech

    2010-01-01

    Spurred by the ageing transition, many governments have made wide-ranging reforms, dramatically changing Europe's pensions landscape. Nevertheless there remain concerns about future costs, while unease about adequacy is growing. This study develops a comprehensive framework to assess pension system sustainability. It captures the effects of reforms on the ability of systems to alleviate poverty and maintain living standards, while setting

  16. National Comprehensive School Reform: An Analysis of Six Reform Models 1980-2000

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinzimer, Laurie Gault

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes six different National Comprehensive Reform Models through multiple lenses. It seeks to discover how the models of ATLAS Communities, Accelerated Schools Plus, Co-nect Schools, Expeditionary Learning Schools Outward Bound, Modern Red SchoolHouse and Urban Learning Centers both restructure and reculture the schools in which they…

  17. 31 CFR 210.3 - Governing law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE § 210.3 Governing law. (a) Federal law. The rights and obligations of the United States and the...

  18. 31 CFR 210.3 - Governing law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BUREAU OF THE FISCAL SERVICE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE § 210.3 Governing law. (a) Federal law. The rights and obligations of the United States and the...

  19. 31 CFR 210.3 - Governing law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE § 210.3 Governing law. (a) Federal law. The rights and obligations of the United States and the...

  20. 31 CFR 210.3 - Governing law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE § 210.3 Governing law. (a) Federal law. The rights and obligations of the United States and the...

  1. 31 CFR 210.3 - Governing law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE § 210.3 Governing law. (a) Federal law. The rights and obligations of the United States and the...

  2. Water reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: what is the difference?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara Van Koppen

    2003-01-01

    Since the early 1990s African governments took an active part in the global movement of water reform towards Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). The first step consisted primarily of assimilating the generic principles of IWRM. At this generic level, water reform in Sub-Saharan Africa seems quite similar to water reform elsewhere in the developed and developing world. However, in taking

  3. Assessing the Political Sustainability of Parametric Social Security Reforms: The Case of Italy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcello DAmato; Vincenzo Galasso

    2002-01-01

    Recent reforms of the Italian social security system (Amato-Dini reforms) aimed at reversing the upward trend in Government pension spending. The main provisions of these reforms are: i) the adoption of a (unfunded) defined contribution system as a basis for computing pensions benefits, ii) a sharp reduction in the incentives to retire early, iii) an increase in the statutory retirement

  4. Assessing the Political Sustainability of Parametric Social Security Reforms: the Case of Italy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcello D’Amato; Vincenzo Galasso

    2002-01-01

    Recent reforms of the Italian social security system (Amato-Dini reforms) aimed at reversing the upward trend in Government pension spending. The main provisions of these reforms are: i) the adoption of a (unfunded) defined contribution system as a basis for computing pensions benefits, ii) a sharp reduction in the incentives to retire early, iii) an increase in the statutory retirement

  5. The 'New Politics' of the Bismarckian Welfare State: Pension Reforms in Continental Europe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Natali; Martin Rhodes

    How do veto-heavy European welfare systems engage in reform? In this paper we analyse the pensions policy reform process in four Bismarckian welfare states against the background of recent theorizing about the scope and nature of welfare reform. We develop the notion of a 'double trade off' - involving both politics and policy - to illustrate how governments manage to

  6. The Significance of Business Interest Associations in Economic Policy Reform: The Case of Australian Taxation Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Eccleston

    2000-01-01

    Taxation reform has dominated Australian politics over the past twenty-five years. Despite this prominence on the political agenda, until recently Australian governments have lacked the capacity to consolidate key elements of this tax reform agenda. While the problematic nature of Australian tax reform can be explained in part by macro-level variables, this protracted policy deadlock has also influenced historical patterns

  7. The Invisible Hand: Big Business and Chicago School Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shipps, Dorothy

    1997-01-01

    Examines Chicago's governance reforms as one case of corporate influence on public school policy making. Discusses the role of local political institutions and corporate organizational resources. Corporate associations were involved in both policymaking and policy implementation. (SM)

  8. University of Toronto Governing Council

    E-print Network

    Boonstra, Rudy

    fiVO AR BO R VELUT University of Toronto Governing Council W eb C opy Housing Service Policy Room 106, Simcoe Hall 27 King's College Circle University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1 Phone-campus housing listings at an optimal level, given market conditions, for students of the University of Toronto

  9. Health Reform.online: Health Sector Reform, Health Economics and Sustainable Financing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The World Bank's Economic Development Institute has recently developed Health Reform.online to provide distance education opportunities for those interested in "health sector reform, health economics or sustainable financing." The site will house educational modules based on EDI's Health Sector Reform and Sustainable Financing training program. The first module, "Introduction to the concepts and analytical tools of health sector reform and financing," includes lessons, case studies, interactive exercises, suggested readings, an extensive glossary, and a course outline. Future EDI training opportunities will be announced at the site. A Library section allows browsing and searching of abstracts or the full-text of over 500,000 pages of World Bank health documents on health projects in developing countries. Note, to view the full-text documents, users will need to download the Prizm plug-in, available at the site. EDI plans to add links to regional partner institute Websites and courses, in the future.

  10. Neoliberalization of Housing in Sweden: Gentrification, Filtering, and Social Polarization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karin Hedin; Eric Clark; Emma Lundholm; Gunnar Malmberg

    2012-01-01

    During the last twenty-five years, housing policy in Sweden has radically changed. Once forming a pillar of the comprehensive welfare system, abbreviated the “Swedish model,” neoliberal housing politics have established market-governed housing provision with a minimum of state engagement. This shift has had consequences on the social geography of housing conditions. The research reported here analyzes social geographic change in

  11. Neoliberalization of Housing in Sweden: Gentrification, Filtering, and Social Polarization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karin Hedin; Eric Clark; Emma Lundholm; Gunnar Malmberg

    2011-01-01

    During the last twenty-five years, housing policy in Sweden has radically changed. Once forming a pillar of the comprehensive welfare system, abbreviated the “Swedish model,” neoliberal housing politics have established market-governed housing provision with a minimum of state engagement. This shift has had consequences on the social geography of housing conditions. The research reported here analyzes social geographic change in

  12. Governance of Governance in Higher Education: Practices and Lessons Drawn from the Portuguese Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magalhaes, Antonio; Veiga, Amelia; Amaral, Alberto; Sousa, Sofia; Ribeiro, Filipa

    2013-01-01

    The implementation of the governance reform of Portuguese higher education has been developed under the influence of "new public management" resulting in the loss of collegial governance. Additionally, the need for meta-governance of the higher education system and institutions to monitor institutional performance against policy…

  13. The Lighthouse Reform Movement in Antebellum America

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lowell Johnson

    1997-01-01

    This study investigates whether economic differences attributable to the length of a state's coastline effected Congressional voting in the 1850s on measures to reform the lighthouse system, a service often thought to be best provided by the government. Probit estimation indicates that geographic differences and party affiliation were influential in initiating an investigation of the lighthouse system.

  14. The 1999 ecological tax reform law

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simon Lightfoot; David Luckin

    2000-01-01

    On 26 November 1999, the second stage of the German government's ecological tax reform law was passed by the Bundesrat. For a coalition that has been under increasing pressure, this law marks a significant political achievement, especially in the context of the poor recent run of Lander election results. This article briefly examines the background to the new law, before

  15. Social housing: new demand, new tools : Affordable finance for affordable housing through real estate ethical funds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luisa Ingaramo; Stefania Sabatino

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – In light of growing concerns on the scale of the housing affordability problem in Italy, and of the government's response in the form of a new Housing Plan, the purpose of this paper is to ask whether such new policy is a coherent and adequate strategy to address the alleged housing problems. In order to answer this core

  16. RCRA Cleanup Reforms

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Concerns over the progress in Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) cleanup efforts since 1984 have prompted the Environmental Protection Agency to publish "RCRA Cleanup Reforms," which describes the implementation process of these administrative reforms.

  17. Marie Russo: An Oral History of the Italian Settlement House

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beard, Kathryn H.

    2010-01-01

    The Settlement House Movement in the United States was a response by progressive reformers to meet the needs of urban poor and immigrant families in the early years of the 20th century. Some settlements were outreach services of churches. There are limited accounts of the experiences of the individuals who used the settlement houses. This study…

  18. Animal House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-03-10

    The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

  19. Heterogeneity and dynamics in China's emerging urban housing market: two sides of a success story from the late 1990s

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhou Yu

    2004-01-01

    China's emerging housing market plays a pivotal role in the ongoing economic reforms. The complete abandonment of the socialist housing allocation system in the late 1990s has led to profound changes in housing provision and consumption in urban China. This paper, through analysis of 2000 Chinese census data and other comparable data sets, studies housing trends in urban China and

  20. Theatre Reform as Censorship: Censoring Traditional Theatre in China in the Early 1950s

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Siyuan Liu

    2009-01-01

    Shortly after the formation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the Chinese government pushed through a reform campaign aimed at the repertoire, artists, and organization of traditional Chinese theatre collectively known as xiqu (sung drama). This reform caused such an extensive shortage of performable plays by the mid-1950s that the government briefly relaxed its repertoire policies, although the

  1. AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The American Housing Survey (AHS) collects data on the Nation's housing, including apartments, single-family homes, mobile homes, vacant housing units, household characteristics, income, housing and neighborhood quality, housing costs, equipment and fuels, size of housing unit, a...

  2. In search of an affordable housing system for Shanghai, China

    E-print Network

    Sun, Linyun

    2011-01-01

    In 1998, the Chinese government abandoned the danwei ("work-unit") housing allocation system and fully privatized the housing market. Since then, the residential price has never stopped increasing despite the past financial ...

  3. School Reform Resource Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mid-Continent Research for Education and Learning, Aurora, CO.

    This manual is designed to help schools make successful school reform a reality. It provides the background and perspectives necessary for a school constituency to understand the current climate of education reform in the United States and what is known about successful school reform. The manual also provides inquiry-based techniques for…

  4. Anchors for Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alok, Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Education reforms, considering their significance, deserve better methods than mere "trial and error." This article conceptualizes a network of six anchors for education reforms: education policy, education system, curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, and teacher education. It establishes the futility to reform anchors in isolation and anticipates…

  5. Beyond Reform: Transformation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Jill

    2007-01-01

    The Coalition of Essential Schools (CES) is not a reform movement. To reform is to make a thing again; reformation implies a stasis that doesn't deliver enough for the educational future. This issue of Horace demonstrates that Essential schools and the districts and networks that support them are at various points in the journey of transformation,…

  6. Boom and bust: housing equity withdrawal and consumption decisions and their impacts on household wealth.

    PubMed

    Gist, John R; Figueiredo, Carlos; Verma, Satyendra K

    2012-01-01

    The authors examine whether the surge in housing refinance and equity withdrawal generated by the housing boom disproportionately affected older households in terms of decisions on whether to refinance, whether to withdraw equity, and how much to withdraw, and how in turn these decisions affected their household wealth. Using the Federal Reserve's Survey of Consumer Finances, the authors found the highest rates of refinancing and cashing out equity among older (although not necessarily the oldest) households. The authors also found that appreciation in house value, being a baby boomer, and having higher household income were the factors that most increased the probability of refinancing and withdrawing equity. Amounts cashed out were higher among older than among younger households. Ordinary least squares (OLS) estimates showed that amounts withdrawn were increased by price appreciation, financial assets, and income, along with being a "pre-boomer" or "early boomer." Older cohorts displayed larger wealth effects than younger ones, but their withdrawn equity was a smaller percentage of total net worth. A relatively small percentage of respondents' dollars was used for consumption, and most dollars were used for home improvement, other investment, or debt repayment. However, massive equity withdrawal and the subsequent collapse of housing prices have caused housing leverage to soar, putting some homeowners "underwater" and jeopardizing others' retirement preparedness. The ensuing housing finance crisis raises numerous policy issues, from reform of mortgage underwriting, securitization, servicing, and foreclosure procedures, to potential limitations on borrowing against unrealized housing equity gains, to enhanced government transfers for distressed older homeowners, to local and state revenue policy changes. PMID:22239279

  7. The Chilean health system: 20 years of reforms.

    PubMed

    Manuel, Annick

    2002-01-01

    The Chilean health care system has been intensively reformed in the past 20 years. Reforms under the Pinochet government (1973-1990) aimed mainly at the decentralization of the system and the development of a private sector. Decentralization involved both a deconcentration process and the devolution of primary health care to municipalities. The democratic governments after 1990 chose to preserve the core organization but introduced reforms intended to correct the system's failures and to increase both efficiency and equity. The present article briefly explains the current organization of the Chilean health care system. It also reviews the different reforms introduced in the past 20 years, from the Pinochet regime to the democratic governments. Finally, a brief discussion describes the strengths and weaknesses of the system, as well as the challenges it currently faces. PMID:11910721

  8. City Botanical Gardens Parliament House

    E-print Network

    Mayer, Wolfgang

    No City Botanical Gardens Parliament House R I V E R S I D E B I C Y C L E PAT H TEERTSECILA EGDIRBLLIWDOOG Registrar's Garden to River Stage R I VE R S I D E E X P R E S S W AY KENNEDY WAY NORMAN WAY MUSGRAVELANE BLACKALLLANE MACGREGORLANE LAMINGTON DRIVE GARDENS POINT ROAD Old Government House Podium QUT Art

  9. Houses of the Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    If one were to showcase new housing technologies and innovative designs in Australia, it wouldn't be a bad idea to place such an exhibit next to one of the most instantly recognizable structures in the world. Well, that is precisely what the Australian government (in collaboration with private industry groups) did when they placed this remarkable "Houses of the Future" exhibition next to the Sydney Opera House. While the exhibit has since moved on to a new location, visitors who are curious about the future of the built environment (particularly in terms of domestic architecture and construction) will enjoy this interactive website. The website features six homes that are part of a "new generation of prefabricated dwellings emerging around the globe". The requirements for each new housing type were that they be prefabricated for easy transportation, environmentally sustainable, designed by an architect, and "futuristic in appearance and use of domestic space". On the site, visitors may look within each house, all the while learning about each structure's historical precedents, environmental features, and of course, its architects. For those interested in the potential of domestic architecture, this website will be quite a treat.

  10. Clay Houses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedro, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

  11. Solar House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Wendy Van Norden

    In this activity students work in teams to design and build a model of a solar house after researching several websites. Students will discover that a solar house takes advantage of solar energy to minimize the use of traditional energy sources and can include design elements that take advantage of the sun's rays to light and heat the house, to heat water, and to set up a favorable flow of air. They also learn that many solar houses contain a solar mass that will absorb the heat during the day and release it slowly at night and a passive solar house will also take into account the angle of the sun's rays, to maximize heating during the winter and shade during the summer. This site contains all of the specifications for planning, building, and testing the model and a rubric for grading the project.

  12. Advocacy for Policy Change Brandeis students work to reform Massachusetts law

    E-print Network

    Snider, Barry B.

    Advocacy for Policy Change Brandeis students work to reform Massachusetts law September 2013 #12.brandeis.edu/ethics/atbrandeis/advocacy Photos: David J. Weinstein except page 3: Mike Lovett, and page 5: courtesy Massachusetts State House;Advocacy for Policy Change: Brandeis students work to reform Massachusetts law | 1 Table of Contents n

  13. Editor's Note: The Medicalization of Therapeutic Communities in the Era of Health Care Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David E. Smith

    2012-01-01

    Recent health care reform legislation has prompted greater efforts to divert substance abusers to addiction treatment facilities. A major component of reform has been the acknowledgement that mental health and addiction issues must be treated on a par with medical issues. The merger of the Haight Ashbury Free Clinics and Walden House offers a model for the medicalization of therapeutic

  14. President Bush's comprehensive health reform program.

    PubMed

    Sullivan, L W

    1992-01-01

    To deal with the shortcomings of the current U.S. health care system, President Bush has proposed a comprehensive reform package that would offer tax credits and deductions to low- and middle-income Americans to purchase private insurance, reform small market insurance to ensure availability and portability of insurance, allow creation of Health Insurance Networks to allow small businesses and nonprofit organizations to pool their purchasing power, reduce administrative costs, and control the growth of government health programs. Combined, the proposals would build on the strengths of the present private/public system and preserve consumer choice and free market discipline. PMID:10117907

  15. School Governance and the Mediation of Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ranson, Stewart

    2011-01-01

    The 1988 Education Reform Act radically transformed the local governance of education, according school governing bodies new delegated powers for budgets and staff as well as responsibility for the strategic direction of the school in a quasi market place of parental choice. To take up these new responsibilities the earlier Education Act 1986 had…

  16. Symposium: Governing Boards--Raising Consciousness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Questions, 2007

    2007-01-01

    "What Works in Higher Education Reform: A Report from the Front," the twelfth annual national conference of the National Association of Scholars, took place November 17-19, 2006, in Cambridge, Massachusetts. One panel, "Governing Boards: Raising Consciousness," examined the role governing boards do and can play in raising awareness on campus and…

  17. HOUSING DESCRIPTIONS COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE HOUSING

    E-print Network

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    HOUSING DESCRIPTIONS COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE HOUSING: Polyester Film Enclosures: Enclosures can come in many formats, including L-weld, match-book wrap, and pockets. Although polyester film enclosures polyester film enclosure flagged as a set. If the staple is secure and not rusty, leave it in place. Note

  18. Housing Policy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-04-20

    Understanding the variegated terrain of local and state housing policies is key for urban planners, geographers, and others with an interest in the built environment and public policy. This site was created by the Center for Housing Policy (the research affiliate of the National Housing Conference) in order to provide information for "expanding the availability of homes for working families and others in your community." The site was launched in 2008, and includes sections such as Toolbox, Building a Strategy, and Forum. The Getting Started area provides answers to basic questions such as "What is 'affordable housing'?" and "What is 'subsidized housing'?" Moving on, the Toolbox area includes documents and summaries on specific policy tools designed for a variety of reasons, from meeting the housing needs of older adults to improving residential energy efficiency. Visitors won't want to miss the Building a Strategy area. Here they will find information about how to create a successful housing strategy that will provide residential units for a range of community members.

  19. A New Natural Gas Reforming Concept: Chemical Looping Reforming

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. N. Zhu; J. Bromly; D. K. Zhang

    A novel natural gas reforming concept, chemical looping reforming or CLR, has been proposed, which uses metal oxides as an oxygen carrier and a reforming catalyst for partial oxidation of the gas. The metal oxides alternate between a combustor where they oxidise with air and a reformer where they are reduced by reforming the natural gas by partial oxidation. Thus

  20. U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehr, Mary Ann

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

  1. Brave new world: Higher education reform in Finland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timo Aarrevaara; Ian R. Dobson; Camilla Elander

    2009-01-01

    Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways, affect university governance arrangements, and alter the relationship

  2. Child Welfare Privatization: Reform Efforts in the States. Briefing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sells, Julia K.

    The number of children in foster care has nearly doubled in recent years. Despite reform efforts, the U.S. child welfare system is not increasing the number of children who get adopted. The federal government spends over $12 billion annually on child welfare programs, but the growing government bureaucracy has allowed the problems to worsen. The…

  3. Housing Association of the Delaware Valley Photographs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In 1909, concerned Philadelphians and reformers looked around their fair city, and saw terrible slum conditions. That very year, the Philadelphia Housing Commission was formed, and over the years they would lobby to create a comprehensive housing code. In 1915, the enforcement of this code began, and the organization later became the Housing Association of the Delaware Valley. Their photographic archive became part of the collections at the Temple University Libraries. Recently, staff members there digitized over 3,100 photographs that document housing interiors, exteriors, streets, privy vaults, housing projects, and sanitation conditions from 1897 to 1972. Visitors can search the complete archive by keyword, or they can just browse around as they see fit. As a whole, the collection documents the story of Philadelphia's 20th century experience, and the images are quite eye opening.

  4. State and Local Governments: Fiscal Pressures Could Have Implications for Future Delivery of Intergovernmental Programs. Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives. GAO-10-899

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czerwinski, Stanley J.

    2010-01-01

    State and local governments work in partnership with the federal government to implement numerous intergovernmental programs. Fiscal pressures for state and local governments may exist when spending is expected to outpace revenues for the long term. GAO (Government Accountability Office) was asked to examine (1) the long-term fiscal pressures…

  5. EAP Reciprocity Housing Information International House

    E-print Network

    California at San Diego, University of

    EAP Reciprocity Housing Information International House Most EAP students choose to apply to live in the International House (http:// ihouse.ucsd.edu/), an on-campus living/learning community which is dedicated apply to the I-House program. The I-House application deadline is June 16, 2010. Other On-Campus Housing

  6. Arctic house

    E-print Network

    Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

    1999-01-01

    Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

  7. House Warming

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-01-27

    In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

  8. H. R. 4255: This Act may be cited as the Wetlands Reform Act of 1992, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, February 19, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on February 19, 1992 to amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act for the protection of wetlands. One of the key elements of the bill revolves around the expansion of scope and clarification of the permit program and its effects on wetlands. Additional sections address the following: exemptions for agriculture and other activities; rulemaking on prior converted wetlands; citizen suits amendments; improvement of administration of wetlands permitting; study of wetlands delineation; and wetlands restoration pilot program.

  9. Brookhaven House

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-08-01

    The Brookhaven House is an energy conserving residence that employs thermal mass walls, a modified Trombe wall, a sunspace, and extensive weatherization. The principles of heat storage in thermal mass are briefly explained and siting of the house is discussed. Naturally circulated hot air from a central furnace, and a wood stove contribute to the heating requirements. Floor plans, elevations and sections are provided. (LEW)

  10. New urban housing in Seoul, Korea

    E-print Network

    Lee, Kwanghyun, 1971-

    2001-01-01

    For the last three decades, the capital city of Korea, Seoul, has experienced an explosive increase in population and rapid urbanization. This increase has led to a severe housing shortage in Seoul. The government responded ...

  11. Reforming and isomerization process

    SciTech Connect

    Swart, G.S.; O'Connor, R.P.

    1984-02-21

    A reformate lean oil absorber is used in the downstream processing facilities of a reformer unit to remove isobutane and heavier components from a separator overhead vapor, part of which is reformer recycle gas. Stabilized reformate may be employed as lean oil in the absorber, and the fat oil is recycled to the stabilizer for recovery of isobutane and normal butane as overhead product and C/sub 5//sup +/ liquid as bottoms product. The mixed butanes are separated, and the isobutane employed as alkylation feedstock. The n-butane is recycled with the naphtha to the reformer unit, the absence of butanes in the recycle gas considerably enhancing the amount of isobutane produced in the reforming unit.

  12. Electricity reform and sustainable development in China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, James H.; Kahrl, Fredrich

    2008-10-01

    Reducing the environmental impact of supplying electricity is a key to China's sustainable development, and a focus of both domestic and international concerns with greenhouse gas emissions. The environmental performance of the electricity sector is strongly affected by its institutional arrangements: regulatory frameworks, wholesale markets, pricing mechanisms, planning and coordination, and enforcement and incentive mechanisms. These arrangements are set to change as electricity reforms inaugurated in 2002, but sidetracked by several years of supply shortages, are being resumed. In this paper we examine the impact of electricity reform on environmental sustainability by analyzing case studies of four environmental initiatives in the electricity sector: retirement of inefficient generators, installation of pollution control equipment, renewable energy development, and efforts to promote energy efficiency. We find that implementation of these policies falls short of objectives for two main underlying reasons: conflicting priorities between central and provincial governments, and ineffective regulation. Sustainability will be best served not by redoubling short-term supply-oriented, market-based reforms, but by better aligning central and provincial government incentives, and by developing competent, independent regulation at the provincial level. China's central government and sub-national governments in industrialized countries can both contribute to the latter goal.

  13. A housing allowance for the UK? Preconditions for an income?related housing subsidy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth Gibb

    1995-01-01

    This paper complements the policy focus of Kemp (1994) who addresses the options for housing benefit reform in the UK. By using as general a framework as possible to consider the basic choices, it is apparent that a move to an ex ante form of allowance, can, under most circumstances, be considered to be beneficial—provided that complementary policies evolve alongside

  14. D.C. Public School 1997 Repair Program and Facilities Master Plan. Hearing before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives. One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

    A Congressional hearing dealt with issues related to the repair program and facilities master plan of the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS). Opening remarks by Representative Thomas M. Davis outlined his concern over the delayed opening of the DCPS in the fall of 1997 because of uncompleted roof repairs, and the results from a performance…

  15. Anabolic Steroid Use: Federal Efforts to Prevent and Reduce Anabolic Steroid Abuse among Teenagers. Report to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-08-15

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Government Accountability Office, 2007

    2007-01-01

    The abuse of anabolic steroids by teenagers--that is, their use without a prescription--is a health concern. Anabolic steroids are synthetic forms of the hormone testosterone that can be taken orally, injected, or rubbed on the skin. Although a 2006 survey funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) found that less than 3 percent of 12th…

  16. Job Corps. Links with Labor Market Improved but Vocational Training Performance Overstated. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Human Resources, Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.

    The General Accounting Office (GAO) reviewed the labor market links and vocational training performance of the Job Corps, which is an employment and training program aimed at providing severely disadvantaged youth with a comprehensive array of services in residential settings. Data were collected from the following: interviews with Job Corps…

  17. Job Corps Oversight: Recruitment and Placement Standards. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session (October 23, 1997).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

    This congressional hearing focuses on a General Accounting Office (GAO) examination of the Department of Labor's management of Job Corps recruitment and placement contractors. Its focuses are how the contractors demand and measure success in two of the four strategy areas--client commitment and client placement in a job with long-term…

  18. Department of Education's Student Loan Programs: Are Tax Dollars at Risk? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This hearing was held to consider whether the student loan programs of the Department of Education place tax dollars at risk. In his opening remarks, Representative John L. Mica (Florida) pointed out that for nearly 10 years, the U.S. General Accounting Office has labeled these programs as a high risk for fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement. In…

  19. Drug Testing in Schools: An Effective Deterrent? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (May 30, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This document presents testimonies from a hearing discussing the drug threat in the nations schools and the issue of whether drug testing is an effective deterrent. The subcommittee conducted the hearing as part of an effort to fully understand the nations drug crisis, how it impacts different parts of our nation, and what effective drug control…

  20. The Keys to the White House

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtman, Allan J.

    2012-01-01

    The Keys to the White House is a historically-based system for predicting the result of the popular vote in American presidential elections. The Keys system tracks the big picture of how well the party holding the White House has governed and does not shift with events of the campaign. This model gives specificity to the idea that it is…

  1. Families Hardest Hit: Effects of Welfare Reform on Homeless Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dworkin, Julie

    This report presents data from 1999 surveys of people living in Chicago shelters and warming centers for families with children. The surveys asked about the impacts of welfare reform on respondents' lives. Researchers also surveyed housing and food assistance agencies, shelters, and other social service agencies. Of 481 families surveyed, 44…

  2. Health care reform and rural mental health: Severe mental illness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Catherine F. Kane; Jacqueline M. Ennis

    1996-01-01

    Service needs of rural severely mentally ill and strengths of rural communities are addressed. Health care reform policy development at present appears to neglect the seriously mentally ill in general and rural services specifically. Examples of strategies to meet the needs for health care, psychiatric treatment, psychosocial rehabilitation and appropriate housing are described. The advantages and drawbacks of such efforts

  3. Jane Addams Hull House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Windy City�s West Side, the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum serves as "a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams." Addams was the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and she worked to transform the lives of immigrants and others through her social service work. Visitors to the site can look through four primary areas: Home, Learn, Program & Events, and Museum. These formal areas contain key materials about the House's activities, and visitors should also look through over areas like Stories as Resistance, How Do We Build Peace and Create More Justice in Chicago?, and Chicago Amplified. One key area is Immigrant City-Chicago, which brings together 94 works that respond to the topic of immigration. Visitors can view poems and works of art around themes such as Our Home and Solidarity. Additionally, the site also contains the Women's History Bus Tour, which is a pdf guidebook that focuses on "women's imprint on the social fabric and life found on the Near West Side and in Pilsen."

  4. Voting Systems and Election Reform: What Do Election Officials Think?

    E-print Network

    Gray, Jennifer; Gray, Marshall; Hodges, Joshua; Jewell, Jeff; Larson, Marcia; Mitchell, Ryan; Murello, Erin; Murello, Steve; Reeves, Alice; Siddique, Julie

    2005-01-01

    : Dr. Donald P. Moynihan Dr. Carol Silva May 2005 The George Bush School of Government and Public Service 4220 TAMU Texas A&M University College Station, Texas 77843-4220 Voting Systems and Election Reform: What Do Election..., but it was their unending patience and kindness that made our work a success. Several other organizations also contributed to this project, and we would like to recognize them for their assistance. From the Election Reform Information Project, we would like to thank...

  5. Root Causes of the Housing Bubble

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaizoji, Taisei

    In this chapter we investigate root causes of the recent US housing bubble which has been caused a serious downturn in US economic growth since autumn of 2008. We propose a simple model of housing markets in order to indicate the possible determinants of recent housing prices. Utilizing the model, we verify a number of hypotheses which have been proposed in the recent literature on the housing bubbles. We suggest that the main causes of the housing bubble from 2000 to 2006 are (1) non-elastic housing supply in the metropolitan areas, and (2) declines in the mortgage loan rate and the housing premium by the massive mortgage credit expansion. We also suggest that these factors were strongly influenced by policies that governments and the Federal Reserve Board performed.

  6. The Rhetoric of a Reform: The Construction of "Public", "Management" and the "New" in Norwegian Education Reforms of the 1990s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trippestad, Tom Are

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a critical rhetorical analysis of the governing and reform ideology of the Norwegian school system of the 1990s. It uses Karl Popper's "The Open Society and its Enemies" as a critical resource in the reading of the reforms, and discusses some of the consequences of the regime's models of leadership and public management for…

  7. Vulnerability of Rural Hospitals to Medicare Outpatient Payment Reform

    PubMed Central

    Mohr, Penny E.; Franco, Sheila J.; Blanchfield, Bonnie B.; Cheng, C. Michael; Evans, William N.

    1999-01-01

    Because the Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 requires implementation of a Medicare prospective payment system (PPS) for hospital outpatient services, the authors evaluated the potential impact of outpatient PPS on rural hospitals. Areas examined include: (1) How dependent are rural hospitals on outpatient revenue? (2) Are they more likely than urban hospitals to be vulnerable to payment reform? (3) What types of rural hospitals will be most vulnerable to reform? Using Medicare cost report data, the authors found that small size and government ownership are more common among rural than urban hospitals and are the most important determinants of vulnerability to payment reform. PMID:11481724

  8. Falmer Sports Falmer House

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Bramber House Fulton Mantell Falmer Sports Complex CISC Hastings Shawcross Meeting House Falmer House Library Square Sussex House BSMS Spo ts Centre r ACCA Library IDS Centre Sussex Innovation 21 Ashdown House 42 Attenborough Centre 56 Boiler House 31 Bramber House (under construction) 13 BSMS

  9. Promoting Good Governance through Development Aid: the European

    E-print Network

    : democratisation, human rights, rule of law, civil society empowerment, public administration reform.. Governance Dominique Dellicour Head of UnitHead of Unit Governance, Security, Human Rights and Gender Europe and respect for human rights. #12;EuropeAid Governance: the EU strategic framework Strategic framework

  10. Reproducing Segregation: Parent Involvement, Diversity, and School Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Virginia; Nocon, Honorine

    2008-01-01

    Government programs currently mandate direct parental input in school governance. In comparing the actions of low-income Latino parents with those of middle-income White and Asian parents within the context of school governance, we found that although both groups actively sought and achieved reforms in order to improve their children's education,…

  11. Kids and School Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasley, Patricia A.; Hampel, Robert L.; Clark, Richard W.

    Many studies of school restructuring during the 1980s profiled teachers and administrators; however, little research examined the students who attended schools undergoing change. This book spotlights students in five high schools that participated in the Coalition of Essential Schools (CES) reform network. The CES is a school-reform partnership…

  12. Reforms as experiments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald T. Campbell

    1969-01-01

    Contends that programs of social reform are not effectively assessed. This article is a preliminary effort in examining the sources of this condition and designing ways of overcoming the difficulties. The political setting of program evaluation is also considered. It is concluded that trapped and experimental administrators are not threatened by a hard-headed analysis of the reform. For such, proper

  13. Parents, Gender & Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    David, Miriam E.

    This book explores the relationship between British parents and education in the context of education reforms and social changes in family life. The general argument is that the debates about British education reforms and corresponding parental roles have taken place without considering the various social changes that have been occurring in family…

  14. Tax Reform & University Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, John Holt

    This brochure discusses the implications of the Tax Reform Act of 1969 for university and college development officers charged with the responsibility for solicitation of gifts, bequests and grants from foundations. The solicitation of deferred gifts, bequests and grants from foundations is discussed in chapter one in relation to tax reform and…

  15. Educational Reform in Turkey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aksit, Necmi

    2007-01-01

    There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

  16. Health system reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allan D. Spigelman

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe Health Reform proposals in Australia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach to this subect is observational. Findings – A total of 123 recommendations amounting to significant reform are proposed. It remains to be seen how many of these recommendations survive an extensive consultation process. Originality\\/value – The paper describes one nation's attempt

  17. Reform: To What End?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Mike

    2010-01-01

    The author looks at school reform in light of his experiences documenting effective public education in classrooms across the United States. Observing in an inner-city 1st grade classroom, he sees a teacher who is knowledgeable, resourceful, and particularly effective with her students. He notes that none of the current high-profile reform ideas…

  18. Reform Disconnection in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Allan; Qian, Haiyan

    2012-01-01

    This article examines many of the frustrations associated with implementing education reforms in mainland Chinese schools. Our basic argument is that when taken individually, many of the recent reforms are beneficial, but when parceled together and thrust hastily at schools, they are unwieldy and disconnected. We suggest that the inability of the…

  19. Supervision in "Modern" University Governance: Boards under Scrutiny

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Boer, Harry; Huisman, Jeroen; Meister-Scheytt, Claudia

    2010-01-01

    One element of the recent reforms of higher education sectors across Europe is the formation of new governance structures in universities. Supervisory boards are part of these reform processes. However, despite the importance of these boards, surprisingly little is known about their actual work. This article discusses the situation of boards in…

  20. Assimilation and resistance: housing indigenous Australians in the 1970s

    Microsoft Academic Search

    George Morgan

    2000-01-01

    During the early 1970s, large numbers of Aboriginal people became tenants of the Housing Commission of New South Wales under the Housing for Aborigines program. Most moved from government reserves or dilapidated and overcrowded private rental dwellings to broadacre suburban estates. As public housing tenants, they encountered considerable pressures to become 'respectable' citizens, to build their lives around privacy, sobriety,

  1. Student Housing at Ontario Universities: Study, Report and Recommendations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

    A study of Ontario's university student housing was undertaken to provide a province-wide information base, relate student housing to the universities' educational mission, review the legislative context, analyze statistics on demand and supply, describe institutional structures for managing housing, and assess the adequacy of government policies…

  2. Commitment to Cybersecurity and Information Technology Governance: A Case Study and Leadership Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Scipiaruth Kendall

    2012-01-01

    The continual emergence of technologies has infiltrated government and industry business infrastructures, requiring reforming organizations and fragile network infrastructures. Emerging technologies necessitates countermeasures, commitment to cybersecurity and information technology governance for organization's survivability and…

  3. Reforming Science: Methodological and Cultural Reforms

    PubMed Central

    Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C.

    2012-01-01

    Contemporary science has brought about technological advances and an unprecedented understanding of the natural world. However, there are signs of dysfunction in the scientific community as well as threats from diverse antiscience and political forces. Incentives in the current system place scientists under tremendous stress, discourage cooperation, encourage poor scientific practices, and deter new talent from entering the field. It is time for a discussion of how the scientific enterprise can be reformed to become more effective and robust. Serious reform will require more consistent methodological rigor and a transformation of the current hypercompetitive scientific culture. PMID:22184414

  4. Kids and Cafeterias: How Safe are Federal School Lunches? Joint Hearing before the Committee of Government Management, Restructuring, and the District of Columbia Subcommittee of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate and the Subcommittee on Government Efficiency, Financial Management, and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.

    Noting the significant increase since 1990 in food-borne illnesses affecting school children, these hearings transcripts provide testimony on the safety of federal school lunches. Statements by Senator Richard Durbin and Representatives Stephen Horn, Janice Schakowsky, and Carolyn Maloney emphasized the array of federal agencies with various food…

  5. Health reform and employee health benefits programs.

    PubMed

    Rosenberg, S A; Eytalis, C M

    1994-01-01

    The impact of health reform on employee health benefits programs could be dramatic. Depending on the health reform program adopted, employers could face significant new regulatory and economic burdens in operating employee health benefits programs or could find themselves greatly relieved of such burdens. President Clinton's proposal, in particular, would dramatically alter today's practices. This article focuses on how the Clinton proposal would change employee health benefits programs. Although President Clinton has indicated a willingness to compromise, his legislation may prove to be a house of cards, with all provisions interdependent. Employers should study all pending proposals carefully and weigh in on the debate so as to ensure that lawmakers are fully educated before making potentially irreversible decisions. PMID:10132475

  6. Yinyutang House

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Boyd, David

    2011-08-21

    furnishings--was shipped here to the Peabody Essex Museum and meticulously reassembled. Even a single chopstick was packed, unpacked and wedged into its original place between a column and a wall. Apparently, a house divided can stand. #boyd #ceas #china...

  7. Wise purchasing under healthcare reform.

    PubMed

    Nudelman, P; Andrews, L

    1995-08-01

    Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound (Seattle, WA) believes that wise purchasing practices contribute both to cost efficiency and high quality healthcare delivery. At Group Health Cooperative, we came by this belief through a variety of forces all pushing for healthcare reform--legislative-, market-, and consumer-driven forces. At nearly fifty years of age, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound is the oldest health maintenance organizations (HMO) in the country. As in the beginning, Group Health is still a consumer-governed cooperative that has grown to over 400,000 enrollees, 44,000 of whom are seniors. The Co-op has a mixed staff/group/network physician model. Its 1994 budget was over $1 billion, with Medicare revenue accounting for about 30% of the budget. For nearly its first four decades, Group Health was just about the only show in town. If you wanted prepaid healthcare or independent consumer oversight for quality of care, you joined Group Health. But by the mid-1980s, there were over twenty other managed care competitors. Some were local health plans with a sideline managed-care business, but, increasingly, competitors included huge, national, for-profit corporations. In addition, two other streams of change pressured healthcare in the Seattle area and elsewhere--legislative and market reform. In Washington, legislative reform started in 1989 with the Basic Health Plan, a program to aid the working poor by subsidizing their healthcare insurance premiums based on financial need.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:10144861

  8. Chinese housing mixology : considerations for the successful development of mixed-income housing

    E-print Network

    Chan, Janelle (Janelle Jie-Ying)

    2007-01-01

    In recent years, the Chinese government transformed their national system of housing provision and introduced market mechanisms. The consequent boom in residential real estate development and the emergence of speculative ...

  9. Reforming Educational Reform: A Democratic Perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, J.

    2005-05-01

    This essay examines the status of educational reform in the United States as represented by the current Bush administration's program titled "No Child Left Behind" (NCLB). Employing the techniques of critical theory and logical analysis, contemporary reform efforts are compared with other, more progressive, educational reform movements in an effort to gain perspective and conceptual "traction" as it were, in differentiating such movements. Criteria are established for the assessment and evaluation of reform movements. These are employed in judging the efficacy of NCLB's aim, content, and methods, as well as the results of its program following four years of implementation. The merits of the centrality of standardized testing, pre-ordained curricular content, and exclusively didactic teaching methodologies are criticized, along with the extra-school societal forces which ordain these and determine their prominence in the NCLB program. The essentialism adopted by NCLB is, moreover, evaluated in the light of pragmatic, phenomenological, and postmodern educational theory. Arguing that the school is always and inevitably an instrument of societal forces, interests, and groups, it is contended that these not only be acknowledged, but that avenues be formalized for a thorough going and continuous educational "conversation," to borrow Rorty's term, for an amicable resolution of the issues of education's aim(s), content, and methods.

  10. Atuarfitsialak: Greenland's Cultural Compatible Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, Tasha R.

    2012-01-01

    In 2002, Greenlandic reform leaders launched a comprehensive, nation-wide reform to create culturally compatible education. Greenland's reform work spans the entire educational system and includes preschool through higher education. To assist their efforts, reform leaders adopted the Standards for Effective Pedagogy developed at the Center for…

  11. Health care reform and federalism.

    PubMed

    Greer, Scott L; Jacobson, Peter D

    2010-04-01

    Health policy debates are replete with discussions of federalism, most often when advocates of reform put their hopes in states. But health policy literature is remarkably silent on the question of allocation of authority, rarely asking which levels of government ought to lead. We draw on the larger literatures about federalism, found mostly in political science and law, to develop a set of criteria for allocating health policy authority between states and the federal government. They are social justice, procedural democracy, compatibility with value pluralism, institutional capability, and economic sustainability. Of them, only procedural democracy and compatibility with value pluralism point to state leadership. In examining these criteria, we conclude that American policy debates often get federalism backward, putting the burden of health care coverage policy on states that cannot enact or sustain it, while increasing the federal role in issues where the arguments for state leadership are compelling. We suggest that the federal government should lead present and future financing of health care coverage, since it would require major changes in American intergovernmental relations to make innovative state health care financing sustainable outside a strong federal framework. PMID:20388867

  12. The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ornelas, Carlos

    2004-07-01

    Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than change in educational politics. It also shows that these have been constrained by the militant and powerful National Teachers' Union. Although the new government has achieved some progress in equity and management, the quality of education can be seen to remain inferior.

  13. Class, Capitalism, and Construction: Winnipeg's Housing Crisis and the Debate over Public Housing, 1934-1939

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Epp

    2010-01-01

    :The collapse of the construction industry during the 1930s resulted in a housing crisis of unprecedented proportions in cities throughout Canada. Winnipeg faced a particularly difficult situation. Beginning in 1934, the city undertook several endeavours to remedy the problem, all of which failed. While the shortcomings of federal housing programmes and reluctant federal and provincial governments were partly to blame

  14. Catalytic reforming methods

    DOEpatents

    Tadd, Andrew R; Schwank, Johannes

    2013-05-14

    A catalytic reforming method is disclosed herein. The method includes sequentially supplying a plurality of feedstocks of variable compositions to a reformer. The method further includes adding a respective predetermined co-reactant to each of the plurality of feedstocks to obtain a substantially constant output from the reformer for the plurality of feedstocks. The respective predetermined co-reactant is based on a C/H/O atomic composition for a respective one of the plurality of feedstocks and a predetermined C/H/O atomic composition for the substantially constant output.

  15. Abortion law reform in Nepal.

    PubMed

    Upreti, Melissa

    2014-08-01

    Across four decades of political and social action, Nepal changed from a country strongly enforcing oppressive abortion restrictions, causing many poor women's long imprisonment and high rates of abortion-related maternal mortality, into a modern democracy with a liberal abortion law. The medical and public health communities supported women's rights activists in invoking legal principles of equality and non-discrimination as a basis for change. Legislative reform of the criminal ban in 2002 and the adoption of an Interim Constitution recognizing women's reproductive rights as fundamental rights in 2007 inspired the Supreme Court in 2009 to rule that denial of women's access to abortion services because of poverty violated their constitutional rights. The government must now provide services under criteria for access without charge, and services must be decentralized to promote equitable access. A strong legal foundation now exists for progress in social justice to broaden abortion access and reduce abortion stigma. PMID:24890742

  16. Reforming the World Bank: From Social-Liberalism to Neo-Liberalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Girdwood, John

    2007-01-01

    Using an analytics of government perspective, it is argued that neo-liberalism as an art of government, especially its form as North American advanced liberal political reason, has shaped enterprise governance and managerial reform at the World Bank. With a focus on the World Bank as a financial banking enterprise, the article explores questions…

  17. Conformal House

    E-print Network

    Thomas A Ryttov; Francesco Sannino

    2009-06-01

    We investigate the gauge dynamics of nonsupersymmetric SU(N) gauge theories featuring the simultaneous presence of fermionic matter transforming according to two distinct representations of the underlying gauge group. We bound the regions of flavors and colors which can yield a physical infrared fixed point. As a consistency check we recover the previously investigated conformal windows bounds when restricting to a single matter representation. The earlier conformal windows can be imagined to be part now of the new conformal house. We predict the nonperturbative anomalous dimensions at the infrared fixed points. We further investigate the effects of adding mass terms to the condensates on the conformal house chiral dynamics and construct the simplest instanton induced effective Lagrangian terms.

  18. Smart Houses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

  19. The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mernacaj, Marash

    2011-01-01

    Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

  20. A Review of Research on the Kentucky Education Reform Act 1995 (KERA).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kentucky Univ.-Louisville Univ., KY. Joint Center for the Study of Educational Policy.

    This review of research identifies, reviews, and summarizes studies that address the implementation of the Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 (KERA) and that focus on the effects of the reforms on students, teachers, and other stakeholders. Introductory summary overviews are included in the areas of finance, governance, and curriculum, and on…

  1. The Post-Modern Rhetoric of Recent Reforms in Greek Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gouvias, Dionysios

    2012-01-01

    In the last few years, radical neo-liberal reforms have been introduced in the Greek Higher Education sector. The new "reforms" challenge the traditionally high autonomy of Higher Education (HE) institutions in matters of administrative regulations, study structures, assessment of students and teachers. The new rhetoric of the Greek government is…

  2. Extending Structuration Theory: A Study of an IT-Enabled Budget Reform in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puron Cid, Gabriel

    2010-01-01

    For more than 50 years, governments have been engaged in recurrent reforms to their budgetary systems. New budgetary and managerial techniques and information systems (IS) are often coupled together with the goal of facilitating the adoption of budget reforms. The result is a joint innovation unevenly adopted across different organizations and…

  3. Physical Education Teachers and Their Attitudes toward Change: Implementation of the New Horizon Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zach, Sima; Inglis, Varda

    2013-01-01

    The New Horizon ("Ofek Hadash" in Hebrew) educational reform agreement was signed between the Israeli government and the Teachers' Union in 2008. The purposes of the educational reform document were (a) to improve students' achievements, (b) to provide fair recompense to teachers, and (c) to strengthen teachers' status in…

  4. The Effects of Higher Education Funding Reforms on the Lifetime Incomes of Graduates. CEE DP 78

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dearden, Lorraine; Fitzsimons, Emla; Goodman, Alissa; Kaplan, Greg

    2008-01-01

    This paper undertakes a quantitative analysis of substantial reforms to the system of higher education (HE) finance first announced in 2004 and then revised again in July 2007. The reforms introduced deferred fees for HE, payable by graduates through the tax system in the form of income-contingent repayments on loans subsidised by the government.…

  5. Boosting Student Achievement: The Effect of Comprehensive School Reform on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Betheny; Booker, T. Kevin; Goldhaber, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Between the late 1980s and early 2000s, schools, districts, states, and the federal government devoted enormous resources to the implementation of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) models. With more than 1.6 billion federal dollars distributed through the Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) project and its successor, the CSR project,…

  6. Education Policy Reform in Sri Lanka: The Double-Edged Sword of Political Will

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Little, Angela W.

    2011-01-01

    In 1997, the Government of Sri Lanka launched a comprehensive set of education reforms designed to promote equitable access to basic education and improvements in learning outcomes. The package of reforms arose as a political response to widespread youth unrest in the late 1980s and attracted considerable "political will", a vague but much vaunted…

  7. The role of trade unions in European pension reforms: From ‘old’ to ‘new’ politics?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernhard Ebbinghaus

    2011-01-01

    Trade unions played a substantial role in the ‘old politics’ of expanding pension systems in Europe; they are still active in the ‘new politics’ of pension reforms. Given the electoral impact and political veto points, governments may seek to overcome reform blockage in political decision-making and implementation by seeking social consensus with trade unions and employers. Various modes of social

  8. The "Mock Reform" of History Education in Moldova: Actors versus the Script

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Worden, Elizabeth Anderson

    2011-01-01

    This article aims to understand the development and debates surrounding a controversial history textbook reform in post-Soviet Moldova. The textbook debate highlighted two identity agendas: first, for politicians and government officials, reforming the curriculum was necessary for the consolidation of a national identity; second, for educators,…

  9. Community Group Practices in Canada: Are They Ready to Reform Their Practice?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, Suzanne; Silver, Ivan; Patel, Dilip; Dupuis, Martin; Hayes, Sean M.; Davis, Dave

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: Governments and healthcare organizations in Canada are reforming the clinical practice structures and policies to deliver primary care to the population. A key component of primary healthcare reform is the establishment of an interdisciplinary, community-based team approach to patient care. This study was undertaken to provide…

  10. Student Government.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morrow, Joyce

    Materials for running a student government program at the junior high school level are provided in three general sections. Section 1 is a description of student government operations. Topics covered include student government responsibilities and activities, student council meeting procedures, parliamentary rules, responsibilities of the…

  11. Energy Management in the Government Sector An International Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nils Borg; Evan Mills; Nathan Martin; Jeffrey Harris

    The paper reviews existing energy management programs for the government buildings and facilities sector based on a new survey covering 25 countries in Europe, North America, Latin America, and Asia. Governments are often the single largest users of electricity in a country, and the energy savings potential in the government building sector is significant. Government in-house energy management programs can

  12. University of Toronto Governing Council

    E-print Network

    Boonstra, Rudy

    fiVO AR BO R VELUT University of Toronto Governing Council W eb C opy POLICY ON STUDENT HOUSING Room 106, Simcoe Hall 27 King's College Circle University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1 Phone is an important part of the University of Toronto student experience. The University's purpose in relation

  13. NETL - Fuel Reforming Facilities

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2014-06-27

    Research using NETL's Fuel Reforming Facilities explores catalytic issues inherent in fossil-energy related applications, including catalyst synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, catalyst activity and selectivity, catalyst deactivation, and stability.

  14. Blueprints for Reform: Assessment

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Blueprints for Reform is a summation of reports offering teachers, parents, policymakers, business leaders, and others a starting point for their exploration of the education system and its response to reform. This chapter looks at how student assessment in American schools might be redesigned to match the goals of science education reform put forth in that are exemplified in efforts such as Project 2061's Benchmarks for Science Literacy. It is divided into three sections that describe current assessment practice in the United States, suggest changes that are needed in order for science reform goals to be implemented, and explore possibilities and recommendations for closing the gap between current practice and a more ideal vision of science assessment.

  15. NETL - Fuel Reforming Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2013-06-12

    Research using NETL's Fuel Reforming Facilities explores catalytic issues inherent in fossil-energy related applications, including catalyst synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, catalyst activity and selectivity, catalyst deactivation, and stability.

  16. A light in the dark : labor reform in Guatemala during the FRG administration, 2000-2004

    E-print Network

    Fuentes, Alberto (Alberto Jose)

    2007-01-01

    Recent literature on Latin America has highlighted cases of reform by the region's governments to increase State regulation of the labor market, offset the detrimental effects of the so-called Washington Consensus, and ...

  17. Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform was established by President Clinton in November of 1993 to recommend long-term changes to America's entitlement programs and tax structure. The Commission is comprised of 32 Members -- including 22 Members of Congress and 10 distinguished private citizens and State and local leaders -- and is chaired by Senator Bob Kerrey (D-NE) and Senator Jack Danforth (R-MO). To date, the Commission has approved an Interim Report to the President outlining the nature and scope of America's long-term fiscal dilemma. The Commission has also produced a document describing potential reforms to America's entitlement programs and an interactive computer program using the reform options. The Commission is due to make final recommendations to the President by the end of the year. Also: Try your hand at entitlement reform. Download Budget Shadows: a challenging, fun, interactive program that puts you in the driver's seat [...as seen on recent news programs... -- Scout]. See what effect different policy decisions would have on entitlement programs, the U.S. budget, and U.S. citizens. Decide for yourself what choices and trade-offs you think the federal government should make to address our fiscal challenges. NOTE: You must have Lotus for Windows to run the program.

  18. Opening the Window for ReformMandates, Crises, and Extraordinary PolicyMaking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN T. S. KEELER

    1993-01-01

    Under what conditions are governments within established democratic political systems willing and able to launch ambitious reform programs? In other words, what conjunctural factors generally serve to open the “window” for reform? The central argument of this article is that extraordinary policy-making generally becomes possible only when a macro-window is opened by a government's achievement of an impressive mandate and\\/or

  19. Governance, Corruption, and Ethics in the Pacific

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elise Huffer

    2005-01-01

    The governance agenda came to the Pacific in the 1990s as a “polite” way of dealing with corruption. It originated from the World Bank’s assessment that a failing and inadequate political environment was the underlying cause for sub-Saharan Africa’s unsuccessful response to structural adjustment reform. In the Pacific, the governance agenda has been taken up by the region’s main bilateral

  20. URBAN HOUSING MARKETS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: CONVERGENCE, DIVERGENCE OR POLICY 'COLLAPSE'

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Natasha Pichler-Milanovich

    2001-01-01

    The focus of this paper is on the effects of housing privatization reforms in Central and Eastern Europe in the 1990s in the context of policy formulation, implementation and evaluation. The paper analyses the similarities and differences between Central and Eastern European countries in the process of housing privatization as a consequence of the specific historical 'pathdependency' process, economic and

  1. Reforms: a quest for efficiency or an opportunity for vested interests’? a case study of pharmaceutical policy reforms in Tanzania

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Regulation of the pharmaceutical sector is a challenging task for most governments in the developing countries. In Tanzania, this task falls under the Food and Drugs Authority and the Pharmacy Council. In 2010, the Pharmacy Council spearheaded policy reforms in the pharmaceutical sector aimed at taking over the control of the regulation of the business of pharmacy from the Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority. This study provides a critical analysis of these reforms. Methods The study employed a qualitative case-study design. Data was collected through in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and document reviews. Data was analyzed thematically using a policy triangle framework. The analysis was done manually. Results The reforms adopted an incremental model of public policy-making and the process was characterized by lobbying for political support, negotiations and bargaining between the interest groups. These negotiations were largely centred on vested interests and not on the impact of the reforms on the efficiency of pharmaceutical regulations in the country. Stakeholders from the micro and meso levels were minimally involved in the policy reforms. Conclusion Recent pharmaceutical regulation reforms in Tanzania were overshadowed by vested interests, displacing a critical analysis of optimal policy options that have the potential to increase efficiency in the regulation of the business of pharmacy. Politics influenced decision-making at different levels of the reform process. PMID:23849334

  2. Healthcare-financing Reforms in Transitional Society: A Shanghai Experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Weizhen Dong

    2003-01-01

    Since the 1950s, China has had a very wide coverage of healthcare service at the local level. In urban areas, the employment-based healthcare-insurance schemes (Government Insurance Scheme and Labour Insurance Scheme) worked hand in hand with the full employment policy of the Government, which guaranteed basic care for almost every urban resident. However, since the economic reforms of the early

  3. Poets House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Poets House is an organization that focuses on modern poetry and is a "national poetry library and literary center that invites poets and the public to step into the living tradition of poetry." The website of this New York-based treasure is now in Battery Park City, and houses a 50,000 volume poetry collection of varied media, including journals, audio, video, and digital media. The "News" tab offers a slideshow of "Poetry Hard-Hat Tours" that has almost two dozen photos of the progress of the building of the new Battery Park City location. The "Programs" tab on the left hand menu leads the visitors to a "Calendar of Events", as well as descriptions of the events on the calendar, such as "Seminars and Workshops", "Showcase Events" and "Conversations on Poetics". The "Directory" tab on the left hand menu offers a free 20,000 title online database of poetry titles published between 1990 and 2008, and is searchable by numerous criteria, as well as sortable by author, title, or publisher.

  4. 76 FR 79050 - Federal Home Loan Bank Housing Goals: Mortgage Reporting Amendments

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ...AGENCY 12 CFR Part 1281 RIN 2590-AA48 Federal Home Loan Bank Housing Goals: Mortgage Reporting Amendments AGENCY...regulation governing housing goals for the Federal Home Loan Banks (Banks) to make those requirements consistent with other...

  5. 78 FR 39539 - Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-01

    ...Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs By the authority vested...sustain prosperous and resilient Native American tribal governments, it is hereby...established the White House Council on Native American Affairs (Council). The...

  6. Reform of medical education in Korea.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kyong-Jee; Kee, Changwon

    2010-01-01

    There are 41 medical schools in South Korea with over 3500 students graduating from the medical schools annually with the appropriate qualifications to practice medicine. Korean medical educators have made significant efforts to enhance the effectiveness of medical education by preparing students for the rapidly changing global environment of medicine and healthcare. This article outlines the reform efforts made by Korean medical schools to meet such demands, which includes the adoption of student-centered and competency-based education, e-learning, and authentic assessment of clinical performance. It also discusses the recent reform of the medical education system, driven by the Government's policy to prepare Korean higher education for an increasingly knowledge-based society. PMID:20163225

  7. Brave New World: Higher Education Reform in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aarrevaara, Timo; Dobson, Ian R.; Elander, Camilla

    2009-01-01

    Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways,…

  8. School-Based Management: The Next Needed Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, James W.

    1986-01-01

    Recommends the implementation of school-based management systems as one way to meet government demands for educational reform. Describes the functions of principals, school advisory councils, school-site budgeting and accounting, and annual planning and performance reports in successful school-based management systems. Presents examples of…

  9. Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galway, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

  10. Korean Higher Education Reforms and Changes since the 1990s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oh, Yun Suk

    2011-01-01

    Korean higher education has experienced significant changes since the 1990s. Terms like quality, excellence, competition, efficiency, restructuring, and accountability have become dominant in higher education discourse. These changes are integral parts of higher education reforms implemented by the South Korean government and higher educational…

  11. Management and health care reform in sub-Saharan Africa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lucy Gilson

    1995-01-01

    Recent discussions of health care reform in sub-Saharan Africa have centred on the potential of alternatives to public financing and provision of health care to address efficiency and resource weaknesses. This paper informs these discussions by reporting an overview of the findings of a detailed evaluation of the efficiency and quality of public and non government primary level health services

  12. China's Energy Reform and Climate Policy: The Ideas Motivating Change

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olivia Boyd

    2012-01-01

    China has embarked on an ambitious and unprecedented programme of energy reform and climate change mitigation. Yet the motivations for this important shift remain unclear. This paper surveys key central government documents and articles by China's leading energy academics to investigate the ideas influencing China's new energy and climate policies. Three key ideas in particular are supportive of greater climate

  13. Chile: Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    In March 2001, Human Rights Watch released this new report. "Chile: Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform" examines the failure of the current democratic government of Chile to repeal repressive laws established and enforced under Pinochet, including laws that criminalize speech and make "contempt of authority" a crime against the state.

  14. Practical Work in Ireland: A Time of Reform and Debate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kennedy, Declan

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes and discusses the role of practical work in science education in Ireland. The 2002 report of a government Task Force on the Physical Sciences, set up to consider the problems facing the teaching of the physical sciences in second-level schools in Ireland, has resulted in rapid reform of the science curriculum at both junior…

  15. Curriculum Reform and Reproducing Inequality in Upper-Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenwick, Lisl

    2011-01-01

    The capacity of schooling to overcome disadvantage in society is a recurring topic of discussion and debate in countries around the world. Current government-led reforms of curriculum, assessment and schooling often aim to address inequality, as part of broader agendas to improve national productivity and social wellbeing. Recent approaches to…

  16. The culture of education policy making: curriculum reform in Shanghai

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charlene Tan

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the culture of education policy making in Shanghai using the conceptual tool of a ‘global assemblage’. A global assemblage is essentially a collection of ideas and practices that arise from the interplay between a global form and situated sociocultural elements. Focusing on the global form of curriculum reform, this paper explains how the Shanghai municipal government justifies

  17. Public sector reform in Australia and its impact on libraries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patricia Willard

    1995-01-01

    The Australian public sector, like that in many other countries, has been undergoing substantial reform for more than a decade. The changes, which have been introduced as ways of improving efficiency, effectiveness and accountability, have affected all areas of government operations. The methods for achieving the improvements have involved substantial change in respect of financial management, goal setting and evaluation,

  18. Welfare Reform: Can Higher Education Reduce the Feminization of Poverty?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tiamiyu, Mojisoa; Mitchell, Shelley

    2001-01-01

    Describes the feminization of poverty, highlighting poor women, their children, and their need for financial assistance; identifying obstacles to self-sufficiency and their attempts to overcome those obstacles while relying on government aid (including attending college); showing how welfare reform has become an obstacle; and discussing how…

  19. Welfare Reform and Lone Parents in the UK

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Gregg; Susan Harkness; Sarah Smith

    2007-01-01

    The last thirty years saw dramatic increases in the proportion of children living in lone parent households. In 1997 the incoming Labour government initiated a series of policy reforms aimed at reducing this high level of child poverty. A key element of their strategy was a move towards increasing employment rates among families with children by a combination of increased

  20. Cambodian Refugee Families in the Shadows of Welfare Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen Quintiliani

    2009-01-01

    Provisions in the 1996 Federal Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, commonly known as welfare reform, sought to limit refugees and other legal immigrants’ access to government services and assistance. Although the 1997 Balanced Budget Act restored some benefits to those who arrived before the law was passed, little is known about how refugee families navigated the new welfare

  1. Electricity reform and Gains from the reallocation of resources

    SciTech Connect

    Abbott, Malcolm

    2007-08-15

    Perhaps the greatest beneficiary of electricity reform in Australia was the state government of Victoria itself, which was able to reduce debt levels and post budget surpluses even while increasing expenditure and employment levels in education, health care, and law and order. (author)

  2. Stamp Duties In Indian States: A Case for Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arbind Modi; Patricia Annez; James Alm

    2004-01-01

    Alm, Annez, and Modi review the options for reform of stamp duties on immovable property transfers collected by Indian state governments. After briefly reviewing some of the many administrative difficulties experienced with the tax, they turn to an examination of its economic impacts. A review of stamp duties internationally indicates that Indian rates are exceptionally high, at rates often above

  3. Schools Linked to Obesity: Issues, Concerns and Reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrea Kolbeck

    Key Word: obesity, schools, reforms Abstract: Obesity is a growing epidemic concerning children in the United States, which affects children's self esteem and school performance. Many concerns have been raised in relation to the federal government's school hot lunch programs and the steady increase in childhood obesity. Foods served in the school lunch programs are high in fat, sugar and

  4. Corporate Governance as Risk Regulation in China: A Comparative View of Risk Oversight, Risk Management, and Accountability

    E-print Network

    Harper Ho, Virginia E.

    2012-01-01

    Risk management and oversight have long been recognized as core corporate governance issues and have gained renewed attention in the wake of the financial crisis. Following global trends, recent corporate governance reforms in China also focus...

  5. Happy Birthday White House!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillon, Doris; And Others

    1992-01-01

    An integrated elementary teaching package offers interesting facts about presidents and the White House. Cross-curricular activities focus on architecture, presidential birthplaces, portraits, communications, science, technology, touring the White House, children in the White House, a day in the life of the White House, and a White House birthday…

  6. Comprehensive Solutions for Urban Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kilgore, Sally

    2005-01-01

    The comprehensive school reform (CSR) models build consistency throughout a district while addressing the needs of individual schools. The high-quality CSR programs offer a most effective option for urban education reform.

  7. Reinventing Government.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, David T.

    1993-01-01

    Throughout all levels of American government, a shift is taking place from the rigid, wasteful, centralized bureaucracies of the industrial era to the more flexible, entrepreneurial, decentralized government needed to succeed in today's world. This shift has been brought about by an unprecedented, ongoing fiscal crisis that has created a sudden…

  8. Remaking Governance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carver, John

    2000-01-01

    The Policy Governance model's philosophical foundations lie in Rousseau's social contract, Greenleaf's servant-leadership, and modern management theory. Policy Governance stresses primacy of the owner-representative role; full-board authority; superintendents as chief executive officers; authoritative prescription of "ends," bounded freedom for…

  9. Government Debt

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas W. Elmendorf; N. Gregory Mankiw

    1998-01-01

    This paper surveys the literature on the macroeconomic effects of government debt. It begins by discussing the data on debt and deficits, including the historical time series, measurement issues, and projections of future fiscal policy. The paper then presents the conventional theory of government debt, which emphasizes aggregate demand in the short run and crowding out in the long run.

  10. Reinventing government

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. J. Hanson; W. Lepkowski; J. R. Long; P. S. Zurer

    1993-01-01

    Both Clinton and Vice President Al Gore are committed to reinventing the federal government. To do so they will need more than a little help from Congress. But, if they succeed in turning the report's recommendations into reality, substantial change will occur in the way the federal government interacts with the chemical community in areas such as environmental and safety

  11. Standardizing the home?: Women reformers and domestic service in New Deal New York.

    PubMed

    May, Vanessa

    2011-01-01

    In response to the poor working conditions suffered by domestics struggling to survive the Depression, middle-class women's organizations initiated various legislative reforms aimed at tackling the problems they believed plagued the occupation. Throughout these years, organized women debated three key pieces of reform related to domestic service: efforts to suppress street-corner markets, health requirements for prospective domestics, and state-level wage and hour reform. These reforms were united by the rhetoric of privacy, which clubwomen used both to oppose wage and hour reform and to support requirements that domestics have physicals before applying for work. This article examines the fine distinction that middle-class women's organizations drew between public and private in the appropriate application of government power and the resulting conflict between progressive women's gender ideology and their most deeply-held reform ideals. In doing so, it reveals organized women's struggle to reconcile their humane ideals with the reality in their kitchens. PMID:21966705

  12. Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer

    DOEpatents

    Dederer, Jeffrey T. (Valencia, PA); Hager, Charles A. (Mars, PA)

    1998-01-01

    An electrochemical fuel cell generator configuration is made having a generator section which contains a plurality of axially elongated fuel cells, each cell containing a fuel electrode, air electrode, and solid oxide electrolyte between the electrodes, in which axially elongated dividers separate portions of the fuel cells from each other, and where at least one divider also reforms a reformable fuel gas mixture prior to electricity generation reactions, the at least one reformer-divider is hollow having a closed end and an open end entrance for a reformable fuel mixture to pass to the closed end of the divider and then reverse flow and pass back along the hollowed walls to be reformed, and then finally to pass as reformed fuel out of the open end of the divider to contact the fuel cells, and further where the reformer-divider is a composite structure having a gas diffusion barrier of metallic foil surrounding the external walls of the reformer-divider except at the entrance to prevent diffusion of the reformable gas mixture through the divider, and further housed in an outer insulating jacket except at the entrance to prevent short-circuiting of the fuel cells by the gas diffusion barrier.

  13. Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer

    DOEpatents

    Dederer, J.T.; Hager, C.A.

    1998-03-31

    An electrochemical fuel cell generator configuration is made having a generator section which contains a plurality of axially elongated fuel cells, each cell containing a fuel electrode, air electrode, and solid oxide electrolyte between the electrodes, in which axially elongated dividers separate portions of the fuel cells from each other, and where at least one divider also reforms a reformable fuel gas mixture prior to electricity generation reactions, the at least one reformer-divider is hollow having a closed end and an open end entrance for a reformable fuel mixture to pass to the closed end of the divider and then reverse flow and pass back along the hollowed walls to be reformed, and then finally to pass as reformed fuel out of the open end of the divider to contact the fuel cells, and further where the reformer-divider is a composite structure having a gas diffusion barrier of metallic foil surrounding the external walls of the reformer-divider except at the entrance to prevent diffusion of the reformable gas mixture through the divider, and further housed in an outer insulating jacket except at the entrance to prevent short-circuiting of the fuel cells by the gas diffusion barrier. 10 figs.

  14. Markets and Self-Governing Schools: The English Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Power, Sally; And Others

    In 1988, as part of the Education Reform Act, the United Kingdom government allowed schools to opt out of local education authorities (LEA) and become grant-maintained (GM) schools, funded directly by the government. It was contended that the program would diversify education, free schools from local bureaucracies, and, consequently, make schools…

  15. A new capital accounting system for local government

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Parkes

    1990-01-01

    Financial management in local government is changing rapidly, often at the behest of central government. The finance professionals within local authorities have their own contribution to make to this debate. One reform which has been developed largely within the profession is CIPFA's proposals for capital accounting.

  16. Clinical governance: striking a balance between checking and trusting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huw Talfryn Oakley Davies; Russell Mannion

    1999-01-01

    Clinical governance emerged as one of the big ideas central to the latest round of health reforms. It places with health care managers, for the first time, a statutory duty for quality of care on an equal footing with the pre-existing duty of financial responsibility (Warden 1998). Clinical governance tries to encourage an appropriate emphasis on the quality of clinical

  17. E-government and NPM: a perfect marriage?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincent Homburg

    2004-01-01

    E-Government and New Public Management (NPM) are two concepts that are often used in discussions about modernizing government. Both concepts refer to various forms of reform of the public sector and, at least to a certain degree, address the same problems public administration is nowadays confronted with (lack of accountability, underperformance and diminished level of legitimacy, to name a few).The

  18. Globalization, Citizenship and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qi, Jie

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…

  19. The Latest Chapter in Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Imber, Michael

    2003-01-01

    As David Tyack and Larry Cuban demonstrate in "Tinkering Toward Utopia," the history of U.S. education reforms is that of mixed success and failure. Characteristics of reforms that take hold in schools include those that involve building new facilities, are easy to administer, and are legally mandated. Another major school reform initiative, the…

  20. Kudzu, Rabbits, and School Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodlad, John I.

    2002-01-01

    Essay on school reform argues that quality teachers are key to successful reform, not reform rhetoric by state governors and U.S. Presidents. Asserts that primary mission of schooling is to provide students an educational apprenticeship in democracy. Qualified, caring, competent teachers are essential to accomplish this mission. (PKP)

  1. Education Reforms: Mistakes, Misconceptions, Miscues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orlich, Donald C.

    1989-01-01

    Critically reviews the major school reform studies. Apparently, billions have been wasted on poorly conceived, but politically popular reform movements that have sapped schoolpeoples' energies. Two reform-inhibiting factors (educators and politicians'"intuitive wisdom" and a weak empirical knowledge base) might be overcome by initiating local…

  2. Emotional intelligence and educational reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lefkios Neophytou

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This reform aims primarily on the maximization of performance

  3. Educational Reform and Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Milne, Ann M., Ed.

    This document contains six studies that were commissioned for the National Assessment of Vocational Education. "Introduction" (Ann M. Milne) provides an overview of the reforms of the 1980s. "The Impact of Educational Reform on Vocational Education" (Marion Asche, Donald E. Elson, Ann Echols, Arthur Williams) examines primary strategies of reform

  4. Renewing governance.

    PubMed

    Loos, Gregory P

    2003-01-01

    Globalization's profound influence on social and political institutions need not be negative. Critics of globalization have often referred to the "Impossible Trinity" because decision-making must 1. respect national sovereignty, 2. develop and implement firm regulation, and 3. allow capital markets to be as free as possible. To many, such goals are mutually exclusive because history conditions us to view policy-making and governance in traditional molds. Thus, transnational governance merely appears impossible because current forms of governance were not designed to provide it. The world needs new tools for governing, and its citizens must seize the opportunity to help develop them. The rise of a global society requires a greater level of generality and inclusion than is found in most policy bodies today. Politicians need to re-examine key assumptions about government. States must develop ways to discharge their regulatory responsibilities across borders and collaborate with neighboring jurisdictions, multilateral bodies, and business. Concepts such as multilateralism and tripartism show great promise. Governments must engage civil society in the spirit of shared responsibility and democratic decision-making. Such changes will result in a renewal of the state's purpose and better use of international resources and expertise in governance. PMID:17208717

  5. Abortion law in Nepal: the road to reform.

    PubMed

    Thapa, Shyam

    2004-11-01

    In 2002 Nepal's parliament passed a liberal abortion law, after nearly three decades of reform efforts. This paper reviews the history of the movement for reform and the combination of factors that contributed to its success. These include sustained advocacy for reform; the dissemination of knowledge, information and evidence; adoption of the reform agenda by the public sector and its leadership in involving other stakeholders; the existence of work for safe motherhood as the context in which the initiative could gain support; an active women's rights movement and support from international and multilateral organisations; sustained involvement of local NGOs, civil society and professional organisations; the involvement of journalists and the media; the absence of significant opposition; courageous government officials and an enabling democratic political system. The overriding rationale for reforming the abortion law in Nepal has been to ensure safe motherhood and women's rights. The first government abortion services officially began in March 2004 at the Maternity Hospital in Kathmandu; services will be expanded gradually to other public and private hospitals and private clinics in the coming years. PMID:15938161

  6. Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Information by Federal Agencies. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (April 29, June 26, October 18, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    This document provides a complete record of testimony presented at a series of hearings before the U.S. Congress on the electronic collection and dissemination of information by federal agencies. In looking at the effect of new computer and communications technology on government information activities and practices, the hearings considered such…

  7. Consumer Problems of Older Americans. New Directions for Government and Business. Background Papers and Recommendations from a Mini-Conference for the White House Conference on Aging (Washington, DC, January 29-30, 1980).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Retired Teachers Association, Washington, DC.

    These background papers and recommendations from a mini-conference on the consumer problems of older Americans and new directions that government and business should take to protect the consumer rights of the elderly address the following areas: credit, food, insurance, investments, prescription drugs and medical appliances, and primary health…

  8. Emerging Strategies for Healthy Urban Governance

    PubMed Central

    Hancock, Trevor; Lin, Vivian; Herzog, Andre

    2007-01-01

    Urban health promotion is not simply a matter of the right interventions, or even the necessary resources. Urban (and indeed global) health depends to an important extent on governance, the institutions and processes through which societies manage the course of events. This paper describes the concept of governance, distinguishing between reforms aimed at improving how government works and innovations that more fundamentally reinvent governance by developing new institutions and processes of local stakeholder control. The paper highlights strategies urban governors can use to maximize their influence on the national and international decisions that structure urban life. It concludes with some observations on the limitations of local governance strategies and the importance of establishing a “virtuous circuit” of governance through which urban dwellers play a greater role in the formation and implementation of policy at the national and global levels. PMID:17464568

  9. CPR: curved planar reformation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Armin Kanitsar; Dominik Fleischmann; Rainer Wegenkittl; Petr Felkel; Meister Eduard Gröller

    2002-01-01

    Visualization of tubular structures such as blood vessels is an important topic in medical imaging. One way to display tubular structures for diagnostic purposes is to generate longitudinal cross-sections in order to show their lumen, wall, and surrounding tissue in a curved plane. This process is called Curved Planar Reformation (CPR). We present three different methods to generate CPR images.

  10. Papers on Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Open Court Publishing Co., La Salle, IL.

    The following papers collected in this publication were presented for discussion at the Open Court Editorial Advisory Board Meeting in 1970. "Testing, Grades, Standards" by Jacques Barzun discusses the relationship between these three elements and the process of education and of performance evaluation. In "The Limits of Reform in Education" James…

  11. Reforming Teacher Pay

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Susan Freeman; Gardner, Catherine D.

    2010-01-01

    A recent Google search for information regarding performance pay in education produced 6.1 million results. This number should come as no surprise given the current level of interest in incentives as a popular reform option in public education. Supporters believe pay-for-performance programs encourage less effective teachers to improve and will…

  12. Children and Welfare Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

    2002-01-01

    This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

  13. Welfare Reform and Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitler, Marianne P.; Gelback, Jonah B.; Hoynes, Hilary W.

    2005-01-01

    A study of the effect of state and federal welfare reforms over the period 1990-2000 on health insurance coverage and healthcare utilization by single women aged between 20-45 is presented. It is observed that Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996 which replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program of 1990s with…

  14. Race and Welfare Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Bonds

    2006-01-01

    This study examined the impact of welfare reform on African American and Caucasian welfare recipients in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to determine if there were differences in their experience with employers and private welfare agencies. The study found that despite having higher education levels and higher job training completion rates, African American welfare recipients did not fare any better than Caucasians in

  15. Comments on regulatory reform

    SciTech Connect

    Hendrie, J.M.

    1982-01-01

    Nuclear regulatory reform is divided into two parts. The first part contains all those matters for which new legislation is required. The second part concerns all those matters that are within the power of the Commission under existing statutes. Recommendations are presented.

  16. Examining Comprehensive School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aladjem, Daniel K., Ed.; Borman, Kathryn M., Ed.

    2006-01-01

    Urban school reformers for decades have tried to improve educational outcomes for underserved and disadvantaged students, with the assistance of constantly evolving federal and state policies. In recent years, education policies have shifted from targeting individual students to developing universal standards for teaching and learning, and…

  17. Reforming Underperforming High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MDRC, 2013

    2013-01-01

    Urban high schools are in trouble--high dropout rates, low student academic achievement, and graduates who are unprepared for college are just some of the disappointing indicators. However, recent research points to a select number of approaches to improving student outcomes and reforming underperforming schools--from particular ways of creating…

  18. Reforming Equal Pay Laws

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sandra Fredman

    2008-01-01

    Despite 33 years of equal pay legislation, the gender pay gap remains stubbornly high. Multiple equal pay claims in the public sector have forcefully exposed the weaknesses, both of the Equal Pay Act and of the complaints-led model of enforcement on which it is based. This article argues that the equal pay apparatus is in need of radical reform. Single

  19. E-Government to Combat Corruption: The Case of Seoul Metropolitan Government

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yong Hyo Cho; Byung-Dae Choi

    2004-01-01

    The Seoul Metropolitan Government adopted a reform measure to combat corruption, called the “OPEN” system, an acronym for the “Online Procedures ENhancement for civil applications,” in January 1999, and the new system went into operation in April 1999. The OPEN system is a Web-based internet service to transact civil applications for permits, registrations, procurements, contracts, and approvals submitted online by

  20. Blair House: The President's Guest House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Blair House has been the next-door neighbor of the White House in Washington, DC since 1824 and it is the President's official guest house. The house is named after Francis Preston Blair, who served in President Andrew Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" and he was the consummate political insider during the administrations of Martin Van Buren and Abraham Lincoln. Today, the house also serves as a home for the president-elect in the days before the inauguration. This marvelous website from CSPAN provides visitors with video clips of the house, and it's quite a tour. There are ten short profiles that include views of the principal suite, the drawing room, and the Lincoln Room. The site also has interviews with people who have spent time getting to know the Blair House, including Ambassador Nancy Brinker and Deputy Chief of Protocol Raymond P. Martinez.

  1. The reforming states group and the promotion of federalism.

    PubMed

    Andersen, K S

    1998-01-01

    Since 1991, leaders in health policy from the legislative and executive branches of state government have come together, with financial support and staff collaboration from the Milbank Memorial Fund, to share their experiences and to work on practical solutions to pressing health care problems. What began with a handful of states at the forefront of health reform is now the Reforming States Group (RSG), a bipartisan, voluntary association that includes leaders from over 40 states. This article describes the origins, history, and future prospects of the RSG. PMID:9510901

  2. 24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...and Urban Development CONSOLIDATED SUBMISSIONS FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS State Governments; Contents of Consolidated...housing in the State are affected by its policies, including tax policies affecting land and other property, land use...

  3. 24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...and Urban Development CONSOLIDATED SUBMISSIONS FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS State Governments; Contents of Consolidated...housing in the State are affected by its policies, including tax policies affecting land and other property, land use...

  4. Love Canal: health studies and relocation. Joint Hearing before the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, US House of Representatives of the Committee on Government Operations, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session, May 22, 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    A hearing was conducted to examine the actions taken by the Federal government and the state of New York to relocate temporarily 700 families from the Love Canal area and to initiate scientific studies of the health effects on the residents in order to determine whether they can safely return to their homes. The implications of this experience are examined for future government planning and for the hazardous waste legislation presently being considered by the Congress. Also explored is to what extent existing law and the proposed superfund legislation - H.R. 7020 - afford authority and machinery to accomplish the desired ends. What options exist under Federal law, as it might be amended by H.R. 7020, to relocate residents of the Love Canal area are also examined. Testimony was heard from six witnesses. (MCW)

  5. Policy Reforms, Trojan Horses, and Imaginary Friends: The Role of External Stakeholders in Internal Quality Assurance Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosa, Maria João; Teixeira, Pedro

    2014-01-01

    The governance of higher education has been changing across Europe, most notably in response to the reform agenda that has been pervading many higher education systems. This wave of reforms has given enhanced visibility to external stakeholders, which has been often received with contrasting views. Some regarded it as a factor that would undermine…

  6. The Role of District Leadership in Radical Reform: Philadelphia's Experience under the State Takeover, 2001-2006. An Occasional Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Useem, Elizabeth; Christman, Jolley Bruce; Boyd, William Lowe

    2006-01-01

    Leadership is key in the success of any reform, especially one as ambitious and complex as that in Philadelphia. "The case of Philadelphia is noteworthy as an exemplar of the implementation of paradigm-breaking new reforms in the governance and delivery of urban education." This report follows the first five years of the state takeover and the…

  7. Regulatory Dualism as a Development Strategy: Corporate Reform in Brazil, the U.S., and the EU

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henry Hansmann; Ronald J Gilson; Mariana Pargendler

    2010-01-01

    Countries pursuing economic development confront a fundamental obstacle. Reforms that increase the size of the overall pie are blocked by powerful interests that are threatened by the growth-inducing changes. This problem is conspicuous in efforts to create effective capital markets to support economic growth. Controlling owners and managers of established firms successfully oppose corporate governance reforms that would improve investor

  8. Pursuing HealthCare Reform: The Promise and the Pitfalls. 5th Annual Herbert Lourie Memorial Lecture on Health Policy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John K. Iglehart

    1994-01-01

    In developing health care reform proposals, it is important to recognize that our health care system has evolved over a long period of time and reflects values in which Americans believe deeply--values like pluralism and entrepreneurialism, consumer choice, limited government, and low taxation. Any major reforms will assault, or at least do some violence to, these values. Nevertheless there's a

  9. It's Not about Logic, It's about Logics of Practice: A Case Study of Teacher Education Reform in New Zealand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Wayne; Tinning, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Institutional mergers are among the range of government-driven reforms of teacher education and, by extension, the teaching force. Such reforms inevitably provide positive outcomes for some and challenges for others. In this paper the authors focus on the anticipations, experiences and reflections of a group of teacher educators during a period…

  10. FIELD HOUSE KOSHLAND WAY

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    ACADEMIC BUILDING CAFE RES LIFE WEST FIELD HOUSE PLAZA STUDENT COMMONS KITCHEN GARDENA G ARD ENB C DRIVE KOSHLAND W AY BRIDGE TO FAMILY STUDENT HOUSING TENNIS COURTS TENNIS COURTS HELLER DRIVE PATH TO FAMILY STUDENT HOUSING TO OAKES COLLEGE APT. BLDG 1 APT. BLDG 2 240 HOUSING SERVICES OAKES/EIGHT DINING

  11. Producing Cosmos? The Explanatory Power of Social Drama for School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forsey, Martin

    2006-01-01

    The winds of decentralizing reform that have been driving their way through various government education systems across the globe over the best part of two decades have generated a great deal of conflict. In the late 1990s those working in the Western Australian government high school in which I conducted the research reported here found…

  12. Reinventing Reforms: How to Improve Program Management Using Performance Measures. Really

    Microsoft Academic Search

    STUART KASDIN

    This paper looks at the design and use of incentivized performance measures to motivate managerial efficiency and promote greater program effectiveness. It starts off by looking at recent reforms like the Government Performance and Results Act to understand why they were largely unsuccessful in altering the decision-making process of government agencies. One problem was that performance measures have been both

  13. Government Regulatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Becker, Katie

    Government regulation of food products, food processing, and food preparation is imperative in bringing an unadulterated, nonmisleading, and safe food product to market and is relevant to all areas of food science, including engineering, processing, chemistry, and microbiology. The liability associated with providing consumers with an adulterated or substandard product cannot only tarnish a company's name and reputation, but also impose substantial financial repercussions on the company and those individuals who play an active role in the violation. In order for a company to fully comply with the relevant food laws (both federal and state), an intimate knowledge of food science is required. Individuals knowledgeable in food science play an integral role not only in implementing and counseling food companies/processors to ensure compliance with government regulations, but these individuals are also necessary to the state and federal governments that make and enforce the relevant laws and regulators.

  14. 75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

  15. Whither reform? Towards a new agenda

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph E. Stiglitz

    The article outlines a new agenda for reform that focuses on what Latin American countries can do given the current international regime, and identifies the failings of the earlier reform agenda: i) the reforms increased countries' exposure to risk without increasing their capacity to cope with it; ii) the macroeconomic reforms were unbalanced; iii) the reforms pushed privatization and measures

  16. Multifuel reformer R D

    SciTech Connect

    Kumar, R.; Ahmed, S.

    1991-01-01

    The on-board fuel for fuel cell powered vehicles may be one or more of hydrogen, methanol, ethanol, natural gas, propane, or other liquified petroleum gases. To use hydrogen as the fuel, suitable means of storing, and subsequently delivering, adequate quantities of the gas must be developed. For all other fuels suitable reformers must be developed to convert the fuel to hydrogen or a hydrogen-rich gas mixture at rates corresponding to the varying power demand rates of the automotive system; this is especially true for the lower temperature fuel cells, such as the polymer electrolyte fuel cell which operates at 80{degrees}C and the phosphoric acid fuel cell which operates at 190{degrees}C. This paper discusses the key design and performance characteristics of such hydrogen storage and fuel reformer systems for use in stand-alone fuel cell automotive applications.

  17. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOEpatents

    Ahmed, Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL)

    1999-01-01

    A partial oxidation reformer comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell.

  18. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOEpatents

    Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

    1999-08-17

    A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

  19. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOEpatents

    Ahmed, Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL)

    2001-01-01

    A partial oxidation reformer comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell.

  20. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOEpatents

    Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

    1999-08-24

    A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

  1. Harold Varmus Attends White House Signing

    Cancer.gov

    Harold Varmus (center, in blue shirt) joined Cabinet members, members of Congress, and other stem cell research advocates to witness President Barack Obama signing an Executive Order lifting the government's ban on federal funding for stem cell research at a White House ceremony on March 9.

  2. House Votes Federal R&D Spending

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Recent actions by the House of Representatives concerning the funding of federal research and development agencies are detailed. While most government agencies will receive more money next year, NSF, ERDA, NASA, and the EPA will receive less money than the administration had requested. (BT)

  3. New Hampshire 01 2010 House Race

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    elected to the House in 2006 · Won election in 2006 by 5,134 votes (5%), 2008 by 20,097 (12%) #12;Frank Guinta · Former mayor of Manchester · Two time State Representative · Former alderman of Manchester, policy and the role of government. The voters of NH-01 responded by supporting Congressman Frank Guinta

  4. The Beida Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kewen, Shu

    2004-01-01

    Beida is always linked with a sort of fervor, a sort of moral behavior. Although it is not a world-class university, its connections with China's contemporary and modern history make it a great school. The direct motive behind the reform and the mapping out of its system is the pursuit of a sort of efficiency, but it is possible that what will be…

  5. US Performance-Based Laws: Information Technology and E-Government Reporting Requirements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patrick R. Mullen

    2005-01-01

    Electronic government (e-government) is the use of information technology (IT) and the Internet to transform federal agency effectiveness—including efficiency and service quality. Several US laws, including the Paperwork Reduction Act, the Computer Security Act, the Clinger-Cohen Act, the Government Information Security Reform Act (GISRA), and the E-Government Act, contain IT and e-government performance-reporting requirements. For each, the author reviews the

  6. Post-2000 Law-Based Educational Governance in Israel: From Equality to Diversity?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibton, Dan

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses patterns of post 2000 governance in Israel's education system. Drawing upon literature on educational regimes, governance in neo-liberal societies (for example, the UK and the USA), law-based educational reform and policy analysis, this study sets out to inquire how Israel's system was governed with minimal legislation for 60…

  7. Reinventing Governance for Performance in South Asia: Impacts on Citizenship Rights

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Shamsul Haque

    2003-01-01

    In line with the global trend of “reinventing governance” based on market?driven policies and structures, South Asian countries have adopted some major reforms in governance during the recent two decades. While this market?led shift in governance is largely intended to enhance its performance in terms of greater efficiency and quality, there is a tendency to overlook its implications for the

  8. The applicable scope and objects of government accounting in public finance system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yue Cao; Xibo Zhao

    2010-01-01

    To realize the value goals of China's public finance, we have to attacth great importance to studying and reforming on the applicable scope and objects of government accounting. The applicable scope of government accounting should include: financial sector, government agencies, and the institutions which are mainly responsible for administrative functions. It is realistic that the state-owned enterprises are excluded from

  9. United States Government Accountability Office GAO Report to the Chairman, Committee on

    E-print Network

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    United States Government Accountability Office GAO Report to the Chairman, Committee on Rules and Administration, U.S. Senate SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION Board of Regents Has Implemented Many Governance Reforms United States Government Accountability Office Why GAO Did This Study Highlights Accountability Integrity

  10. The Pew Financial Reform Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    After the recent financial crisis, the Pew Trusts decided to establish the Pew Financial Reform Project. The goal of this Project is "to bring nonpartisan, balanced, fact-based analysis directly to policymakers." To achieve this goal, the Project established a task force on financial reform, created a policy briefing series, and developed this website. The materials on the site are divided into the sections "Task Force Reports", "Reform Resources", "Events", "About Us", and "Discussion Forum". The "Task Force Reports" area includes background notes, briefing papers, and task force recommendations. Here visitors can sign up for newsletters and read through works like "Quantifying the Effects on Lending of Increased Capital Requirements". The "Reform Resources" area brings together links to reform related news articles, congressional hearings, and selected outside papers and reports. Lastly, the "Events" area brings together a calendar of events related to financial reform.

  11. Window shopping: state health reform politics in the 1990s.

    PubMed

    Brown, L D; Sparer, M S

    2001-01-01

    Throughout the 1990s states sought politically acceptable policies to reduce the ranks of the uninsured. Visions of comprehensive health reform and universal coverage yielded by mid-decade to more modest measures to repair private health insurance markets, and to these enactments were added several new public programs (state and federal) to expand coverage for lower-income children and, in some cases, adults. Because governments remain ill equipped to counter the power of business, insurers, and providers in conflicts fought on private turf, reform agendas have been more readily set, moved, and cleared in public-sector arenas. Although the number of uninsured rose steadily until 1999, "catalytic federalism"--the accelerating interplay between state and federal reform forces and funds--may be putting the programmatic foundations for broader coverage incrementally into place. PMID:11194860

  12. World health organization reform: lessons learned from the ebola epidemic.

    PubMed

    Gostin, Lawrence O

    2015-03-01

    It was October 2014, and Ebola was raging out of control in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Margaret Chan, the World Health Organization's director-general, defended the organization against charges that its response was late and ineffective: "We are a technical agency, with governments having first priority to take care of their people." In January 2015, the WHO executive board undertook a systematic reform of the agency's performance, and Chan again offered a defense: I followed protocol, leaving it to the Africa office (AFRO) to respond. Yet the three nations could not possibly have stemmed the outbreak alone, and AFRO was known to be dysfunctional. Ebola represents an inflection point requiring fundamental reform for the WHO. A failure of leadership will impact its status and legitimacy for a generation. Here, I offer five reforms that would transform it and ensure that it fulfills its constitutional mission as "the directing and coordinating authority on international health work." PMID:25739774

  13. "Slimmed Down" Assessment or Increased Accountability? Teachers, Elections and UK Government Assessment Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradbury, Alice

    2014-01-01

    Since coming to power in 2010, the UK Coalition government in power has implemented a range of reforms in relation to assessment at all stages of education in England. This paper focuses on two assessment reforms relating to children aged five and six years old, and considers their evolution from manifesto commitments to practice in classrooms.…

  14. C.A.S.H. - communal affordable singles housing : a platform for proactive affordability in Hong Kong

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yan-Ping, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    In Hong Kong, young singles are left out of the affordable housing equation. They require much more space per person in comparison to those living in family housing, and the government is not willing to allocate a ...

  15. The need for a new approach : analysis of the built environment of informal settlements and public housing policy in Egypt

    E-print Network

    Mourad, Moustafa Abdel Khalek

    1983-01-01

    Rapid urbanization in Egypt has brought on excessive demand for urban housing . The government agencies' attempt to satisfy this demand by the conventional means of public housing since the early 1960's has a mounted only ...

  16. 3 CFR 13647 - Executive Order 13647 of June 26, 2013. Establishing the White House Council on Native American...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs 13647 Order 13647...Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs By the authority...sustain prosperous and resilient Native American tribal governments, it is...

  17. What Does Health Care Reform Mean to Children with Special Needs and Their Families?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minoux, Ankeny

    2010-01-01

    After the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, thousands of families across the U.S. breathed a sigh of relief at the White House's reassurance: "Reform will eliminate health insurance discrimination against people with disabilities." However, the actual language of the law and the proposed implementation timeline of the…

  18. Foster Care: Incomplete Implementation of the Reforms and Unknown Effectiveness. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.

    The General Accounting Office conducted a comprehensive assessment of the degree to which the section 427 reforms of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 had been carried out, whether they were working, and whether they were still needed. A Senate Subcommittee and House Select Committee requested the assessment in response to…

  19. Ramping up Schoolwide Reform: Three Urban Districts Experience Gains Resulting from Amirica's Choice Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toch, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    Some public schools do a great job educating students of color to high standards. But they populate public education much the way houses in rural regions appear at night from a jetliner passing high above--as faint beacons. The core challenge of school reform today is to produce not merely a few glimmers of success but the dense glow of thousands…

  20. Steam reformer with catalytic combustor

    DOEpatents

    Voecks, Gerald E. (La Crescenta, CA)

    1990-03-20

    A steam reformer is disclosed having an annular steam reforming catalyst bed formed by concentric cylinders and having a catalytic combustor located at the center of the innermost cylinder. Fuel is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and air is directed at the top of the combustor, creating a catalytic reaction which provides sufficient heat so as to maintain the catalytic reaction in the steam reforming catalyst bed. Alternatively, air is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and a fuel mixture is directed at the top. The catalytic combustor provides enhanced radiant and convective heat transfer to the reformer catalyst bed.

  1. Steam reformer with catalytic combustor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Voecks, Gerald E. (Inventor)

    1990-01-01

    A steam reformer is disclosed having an annular steam reforming catalyst bed formed by concentric cylinders and having a catalytic combustor located at the center of the innermost cylinder. Fuel is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and air is directed at the top of the combustor, creating a catalytic reaction which provides sufficient heat so as to maintain the catalytic reaction in the steam reforming catalyst bed. Alternatively, air is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and a fuel mixture is directed at the top. The catalytic combustor provides enhanced radiant and convective heat transfer to the reformer catalyst bed.

  2. 3 CFR - Government Reform for Competitiveness and Innovation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...and out-building our competitors, we will enable our Nation to grow...the information age, but the organization...Administration has taken on this waste and...memorandum, I assign our Nation's first Chief...and independent perspectives on what we are...

  3. A proposed corporate governance reform: Financial statements insurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joshua Ronen

    2006-01-01

    The inherent conflicts of interest in the auditor–client relationship and the unobservability of financial statement quality are likely culprits in the recent corporate scandals such as Enron and WorldCom. The solution proposed here is a financial statement insurance (FSI) mechanism. Instead of appointing and paying auditors, companies would purchase financial statement insurance that provides coverage to investors against losses suffered

  4. [Psychiatric reform, federalism, and the decentralization of the public health in Brazil].

    PubMed

    Costa, Nilson do Rosário; Siqueira, Sandra Venâncio; Uhr, Deborah; Silva, Paulo Fagundes da; Molinaro, Alex Alexandre

    2011-12-01

    This study examines the relationships between Brazilian psychiatric reform, the adoption of the Centers for Psychosocial Care (CAPS) and the development of the Unified Health System (SUS). The adherence of municipal governments was a variable determinant for the spread of reform, especially due to the continental scale and fragmentation of the Brazilian federation. The article demonstrates the institutional stability of psychiatric reform in Brazil over two decades. The institutional nature of the decision-making process in the public arena has permitted the implementation of new organizational formats through imitation and financial incentives. The psychiatric reform was successful in defending the advantages of CAPS in relation to the asylum and hospital model dominant in past decades. The inductive policies, strengthened and upheld by Law 10.216/2001, transformed the agenda of psychiatric reform, limited to pioneering cities in a national public policy. PMID:22124901

  5. The Impact of State Behavioral Health Reform on Native American Individuals, Families, and Communities

    PubMed Central

    Willging, Cathleen E.; Goodkind, Jessica; Lamphere, Louise; Saul, Gwendolyn; Fluder, Shannon; Seanez, Paula

    2012-01-01

    In 2005, the State of New Mexico undertook a sweeping transformation of all publicly funded behavioral health services. The reform was intended to enhance the cultural responsiveness and appropriateness of these services. To examine achievement of this objective, we conducted a qualitative study of the involvement of Native Americans in reform efforts and the subsequent impacts of reform on services for Native Americans. We found that the reform was relatively unsuccessful at creating mechanisms for genuine community input or improving behavioral health care for this population. These shortcomings were related to limited understandings of administrators concerning how tribal governments and health care systems operate, and the structural limitations of a managed care system that does not allow flexibility for culturally appropriate utilization review, screening, or treatment. However, interaction between the State and tribes increased, and we conclude that aspects of the reform could be strengthened to achieve more meaningful involvement and service improvements. PMID:22427455

  6. The View from Fishery Management: Lessons Learned

    E-print Network

    . Alan Greenspan. House Committee of Government Oversight and Reform October 23, 2008] #12;"The movement. Alan Greenspan House Committee of Government Oversight and Reform October 23, 2008] #12;I made

  7. Delays in processing and adjudicating black lung claims. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, June 24, 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    Representatives of coal miners and black lung claimants testified about the failure of government agencies to process claims in a fair and timely manner at a field hearing in Charleston, West Virginia before a joint congressional delegation. At issue were bureaucratic delays of up to seven years in administering the compensation promised to affected workers. Lawyers who handle black lung cases also have trouble receiving the guaranteed reimbursement. At the time of the hearing, West Virginia alone had over 3200 cases awaiting hearings and only 200 scheduled for hearings. Officials of the Department of Labor discussed the level of funding and staffing of the review board as they relate to the size of the backlog. Administrators complained that regulatory interpretations and attitudes work against the miners' interests. Letters, statements, and additional material submitted for the record follow the testimony of 12 witnesses.

  8. 78 FR 41339 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Multifamily Mortgage Insurance; Capturing Excess Claim Proceeds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ...Commissioner means the Federal Housing Commissioner. Contract...and of the National Housing Act. Insured mortgage...commonly given to secure advances on, or the unpaid purchase...deposited to make rebate payments to the federal government...mortgagee that finances housing insured under this...

  9. Annual Demographic Data for Migrant Family Housing Centers: 1985 Harvest Season.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Housing and Community Development, Sacramento.

    California, largest employer of seasonal labor in the United States, employs an average of 119,600 seasonal farmworkers per year. To ease problems of housing this seasonal workforce, the State Department of Housing and Community Development's Office of Migrant Services contracts with local government agencies to provide decent/affordable housing

  10. "A Place of Our Own"? Teenage Mothers' Views on Housing Needs and Support Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooke, Jo; Owen, Jenny

    2007-01-01

    Since 2003, government policy has required local authorities to provide support when they house lone teenage parents seeking accommodation. This qualitative study addresses young mothers' routes into housing need and their experiences of housing access and support, drawing on interview and focus group data collected in 2003. The findings emphasise…

  11. 77 FR 72219 - Federal Housing Administration: Prohibited Sources of Minimum Cash Investment Under the National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-05

    ...authorizes $4 billion for state and local governements to purchase and...rehabilitation, is provided by State and local governments, primarily through...to 2.6 million families to buy their first homes through mortgage...State housing trust funds. Local housing finance agencies...

  12. Family economic resources in the post-reform era.

    PubMed

    Zedlewski, Sheila Rafferty

    2002-01-01

    Aided by the longest economic expansion in U.S. history and other policy changes designed to make work pay, federal welfare reform legislation has spurred mothers to leave welfare at an unprecedented rate. The majority of mothers who left welfare are working, but most have jobs with low pay and limited benefits. This article discusses the relationship between economic resources and child well-being, and how family economic resources have changed under welfare reform. A survey of the research conducted since reform indicates the following: Families' economic resources clearly matter to child well-being, but the connections are complex and vary by the age of the child. Without the benefit of supports designed to "make work pay," many families working full time at the minimum wage have resources beneath the poverty line, and the poverty line itself falls substantially short of the needs of most working families. Although poverty overall has declined under welfare reform, a significant segment of families are worse off--in part because after leaving welfare, many families do not receive other government supports designed to help them. Most states are still struggling to design more effective systems for delivering supports to help low-income working families move out of poverty. The author cautions that the evolving story of welfare reform will need to be monitored carefully to achieve long-term positive impacts on family economic resources and child well-being. PMID:11980033

  13. Government Regulatory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katie Becker

    2008-01-01

    \\u000a Government regulation of food products, food processing, and food preparation is imperative in bringing an unadulterated,\\u000a nonmisleading, and safe food product to market and is relevant to all areas of food science, including engineering, processing,\\u000a chemistry, and microbiology. The liability associated with providing consumers with an adulterated or substandard product\\u000a cannot only tarnish a company’s name and reputation, but also

  14. Government Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This informative Web site has a host of resources about government technology practices and issues. The main page is updated daily with news stories about homeland security, Internet trends, and more. An online magazine is published monthly; for example, the April 2003 issue has an interesting article on computer systems that monitor online activity and whether they justify Big Brother concerns. The Govtech.net library offers free access to white papers and case studies.

  15. All That Glitters is Not Gold: School Reform in Charlotte-Mecklenburg

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Samuel Smith; Roslyn Arlin Mickelson

    2000-01-01

    In the early 1990s, the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system (CMS) began a sweeping program of school reform that involved revamped standards, a comprehensive system of benchmark goals, increased autonomy for principals, and a high-stakes accountability system. This program has been lauded in prestigious education journals, praised by reform advocates in business and government, and cited as a model in a recently

  16. Reinventing government

    SciTech Connect

    Hanson, D.J.; Lepkowski, W.; Long, J.R.; Zurer, P.S.

    1993-10-11

    Both Clinton and Vice President Al Gore are committed to reinventing the federal government. To do so they will need more than a little help from Congress. But, if they succeed in turning the report's recommendations into reality, substantial change will occur in the way the federal government interacts with the chemical community in areas such as environmental and safety and health regulation, science and technology policy, education, and research priority setting. The report is the result of a six-month effort by the National Performance Review (NPR), a group led by Gore. It contains some 400 specific recommendations for changing the ways the federal government operates. These recommendations, if enacted the report claims, would produced savings of $108 billion over five years and reduce the size of the civilian, nonpostal work force by 12%, 252 positions, over the same period. The Department of Energy is the target of eight NPR recommendations. But the one with the most direct relevance to R and D calls for directing its national laboratories to pursue post-Cold War research priorities. Efforts to shift the labs away from their defense orientation began during the Carter presidency, when all of the labs began establishing stronger research programs in environmental science and technology and biology.

  17. Property Tax Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, George E., Ed.

    Nine experts examine the nature and administration of the property tax, analyzing its effects on educational opportunity, land use, racial residential patterns, central city finance, neighborhood deterioration, and low income housing. The so-called circuit-breaker, a form of property tax relief that has rapidly come into widespread use, is viewed…

  18. Medicaid and State Health Care Reform: Process, Programs, and Policy Options

    PubMed Central

    Rotwein, Suzanne; Boulmetis, Maria; Boben, Paul J.; Fingold, Helaine I.; Hadley, James P.; Rama, Kathy L.; Van Hoven, Debbie

    1995-01-01

    Health care reform is a continuously evolving process. The States and the Federal Government have struggled with policy issues to combat escalating Medicaid expenditures while ensuring access and quality of care to an ever-expanding population. In the absence of national health care reform, States are increasingly relying on Federal waivers to develop innovative approaches to address a myriad of issues associated with the present health care delivery system. This article provides a summary of State health care reform efforts that have been initiated under Federal waiver authority. PMID:10142572

  19. Fuel cell generator with fuel electrodes that control on-cell fuel reformation

    DOEpatents

    Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Basel, Richard A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Zhang, Gong (Murrysville, PA)

    2011-10-25

    A fuel cell for a fuel cell generator including a housing including a gas flow path for receiving a fuel from a fuel source and directing the fuel across the fuel cell. The fuel cell includes an elongate member including opposing first and second ends and defining an interior cathode portion and an exterior anode portion. The interior cathode portion includes an electrode in contact with an oxidant flow path. The exterior anode portion includes an electrode in contact with the fuel in the gas flow path. The anode portion includes a catalyst material for effecting fuel reformation along the fuel cell between the opposing ends. A fuel reformation control layer is applied over the catalyst material for reducing a rate of fuel reformation on the fuel cell. The control layer effects a variable reformation rate along the length of the fuel cell.

  20. Eco-House Course

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Environmental Studies Course, Carleton College Professor Gary Wagenbach gwagenba@carleton.edu and Lecturer Richard Strong rstrong@acws.carleton.edu, Compiled by Suzanne Savanick, Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, ssavanic@carleton.edu

    Students in this course explore designs of a future Carleton College student house. This is a multi-year project where students from the social sciences, humanities / arts, and natural sciences explore parts of the design of an actual house.

  1. 100% petroleum house

    E-print Network

    Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

    2013-01-01

    I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

  2. Houses undergoing psychoanalysis :

    E-print Network

    Palmon, Ruth, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to explore the relationship between the self and the house. In approaching the subject, my assumptions were that the basic condition of the house-self relationship is of tension and animosity ...

  3. Introducing Housing & Roommate

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    center with restaurants/fast food options, movie theater, Trader Joe's, post office, 24 Hour Fitness to a house. Housing costs vary significantly depending on the particular area and leasing situation. Laguna

  4. Novel Reforming Catalysts

    SciTech Connect

    Pfefferle, Lisa D; Haller, Gary L

    2012-10-16

    Aqueous phase reforming is useful for processing oxygenated hydrocarbons to hydrogen and other more useful products. Current processing is hampered by the fact that oxide based catalysts are not stable under high temperature hydrothermal conditions. Silica in the form of structured MCM-41 is thermally a more stable support for Co and Ni than conventional high surface area amorphous silica but hydrothermal stability is not demonstrated. Carbon nanotube supports, in contrast, are highly stable under hydrothermal reaction conditions. In this project we show that carbon nanotubes are stable high activity/selectivity supports for the conversion of ethylene glycol to hydrogen.

  5. Insulator for laser housing

    DOEpatents

    Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

    1992-01-01

    The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

  6. Insulator for laser housing

    DOEpatents

    Duncan, D.B.

    1992-12-29

    The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member. 3 figs.

  7. Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neophytou, Lefkios

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

  8. Equity and Science Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Sharon J.

    This volume is for science educators who are concerned about exploring what it means to promote science literacy for all, equity and excellence, and standards-based reform. A hard look is taken at science education reform efforts and the issues it raises for learners who differ along gender, socioeconomic, ethnic, cultural, linguistic lines, or…

  9. Student Attitudes and Calculus Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bookman, Jack; Friedman, Charles P.

    1998-01-01

    Compares the attitudes about mathematics of students from traditionally taught calculus classes and those taught in a "reformed" calculus course. Reports that one to two years after, reform students felt significantly more that they understood how math was used and that they had been required to understand math rather than to memorize formulas.…

  10. Teachers' Perspectives on Evaluation Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Morgaen L.

    2012-01-01

    Despite growing momentum to reform teacher evaluation in order to increase its impact on teachers' practice and persistence in the profession, very little research examines how current reforms influence teachers' attitudes or reported instructional practices. Do the new evaluation systems lead to enhancements in teachers' instruction overall? And…

  11. Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Bruce A., Ed.; Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Whitener, Leslie A., Ed.

    The 16 chapters in this five-part book, each by different authors, trace the effects of welfare reform (mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996), upon poor people in rural areas of the United States. The book begins with an introduction called "As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural…

  12. Compensation Reform in the Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laine, Sabrina; Potemski, Amy; Rowland, Cortney

    2010-01-01

    One of the most frequently discussed topics in education reform circles is teacher pay--how much money teachers make, for what work and who decides teachers' salaries. Over time, educator pay reform has included many different reward structures and goes by as many different names, such as merit pay, performance pay and differentiated pay. The…

  13. Climate policy: Reforming emissions trading

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Edenhofer, Ottmar

    2014-08-01

    Courageous steps are required to reform the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme. To this end, an independent carbon authority has been proposed -- this is a move in the right direction, but should be part of a much broader discussion about reforming emissions trading.

  14. Reforming Science and Mathematics Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. J. Lagowski

    1995-01-01

    Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural

  15. Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

    2012-01-01

    It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

  16. George's Complaint: Reforming the Dragon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buxton, Bruce

    2007-01-01

    The evangelical tone and history of American culture has long been identified as a force for anti-intellectualism. The metaphors of educational reform are a demonstration of how this plays out. The very nature of the positivist social science research used to support proposed reform is anti-intellectual and feeds a debate that favors extremes over…

  17. Engaging Teachers in Ed Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steans, Robin

    2012-01-01

    Teacher engagement is crucial to the success of education reforms. Not only can teachers serve as policymakers' eyes and ears on the ground, sharing firsthand knowledge of challenges in the classroom, but their advocacy can be instrumental to passing smart, sensible policies, and their buy-in can make or break reform implementation. Ongoing…

  18. The Other Face of Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahern, Ursula M.; Compton, Cynthia M.

    2001-01-01

    According to William Spady's "Beyond Counterfeit Reforms," politically driven, mechanistic "reforms" box educators into smaller, limiting ways of thinking and running schools. Donald McAdams's book "Fighting to Save Our Urban Schools...and Winning!" shows the salubrious effects of high expectations and community involvement. (MLH)

  19. International Handbook of Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cookson, Peter W., Jr., Ed.; And Others

    This book provides an overview of education reform in 27 countries. Following the introduction by Peter W. Cookson, Jr., Alan R. Sadovnik, and Susan F. Semel, part 1 offers national case studies of educational reform in the 1980s. Chapters include: (2) "Argentina" (Ana Munoz-Sandoval); (3) "Australia" (Richard Teese); (4) "Brazil" (Robert Cowen…

  20. The flexible house.

    PubMed

    Werhane, K

    1999-01-01

    SUMMARY "The Flexible House: A Fairy Tale" is a fictionalized account of a long-term lesbian relationship, which uses the metaphor of building a house for the development of the relationship. The narrator invites a mysterious third woman into their home, and then must live with the aftershocks the house goes through. PMID:24786044

  1. Greek Chapter House Living

    E-print Network

    Hill, Wendell T.

    A Guide to Greek Chapter House Living Policies and Responsibilities for Living in the University of Maryland's Greek Chapter Houses Effective from August 2012 #12;2 Introduction Welcome to the University of Maryland's Fraternity Row Chapter Houses! We promise to do our best to see that your Greek living

  2. Summer Housing Contract INTRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    Devoto, Stephen H.

    are not identified. See Physical Pland Housing Guidelines for more detail. LEAD PAINT DISCLOSURE Housing built before 1978 may contain lead-based paint. Lead from paint, paint chips, and dust can pose health hazards renting pre-1978 housing, landlords must disclose the presence of known lead-based paint and lead

  3. Business, Households, and Governments: Health Spending, 1991

    PubMed Central

    Cowan, Cathy A.; McDonnell, Patricia A.

    1993-01-01

    Governments have been thrust to the forefront of health care reform efforts as growth in government health care costs was faster than growth in all other sponsor sectors in 1991. In the business sector, real health care costs per worker have risen 65 times faster than real wages and salaries per worker during the past 26 years. Households continue to devote 5 percent of income after taxes to health care, the same percentage for the last 8 years. This article presents data supporting these findings, and an analysis of health care spending by each sponsor sector. PMID:10130577

  4. Welfare Reform: Reauthorization of Work and Child Care. Hearing before the Subcommittee on 21st Century Competitiveness of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (March 15, 2005). Serial Number 109-4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US House of Representatives, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this hearing was to hear testimony on the effects of welfare reform and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families block grant, and to examine one of the most important work supports available to low-income families, Federal child care assistance. The opening statements were delivered by the Honorable Howard P. "Buck" McKeon,…

  5. The Best of Head Start: Learning from Model Programs. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session. Serial No. 109-7

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US House of Representatives, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In commencing this Hearing, the Honorable Michael N. Castle, Chairman, Subcommittee on Education Reform, Committee on Education and the Workforce, states that Head Start is a good program that can be made stronger. He acknowledges that, despite the many success stories in the program, the Subcommittee has also heard troubling stories about program…

  6. Early Childhood Education: Improvement through Integration. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (April 21, 2005) Serial No. 109-9

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US House of Representatives, 2005

    2005-01-01

    These hearing transcripts present testimony on removing barriers that may impede the successful integration of Head Start with other programs that serve to prepare disadvantaged children for success. It begins with the prepared statements of Honorable Michael N. Castle, Chairman, Subcommittee on Education Reform, Committee on Education and the…

  7. Electron-induced dry reforming of methane in a temperature-controlled dielectric barrier discharge reactor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xuming; Cha, Min Suk

    2013-10-01

    Dry reforming of methane has the potential to reduce the greenhouse gases methane and carbon dioxide and to generate hydrogen-rich syngas. In reforming methane, plasma-assisted reforming processes may have advantages over catalytic processes because they are free from coking and their response time for mobile applications is quick. Although plasma-assisted reforming techniques have seen recent developments, systematic studies that clarify the roles that electron-induced chemistry and thermo-chemistry play are needed for a full understanding of the mechanisms of plasma-assisted reformation. Here, we developed a temperature-controlled coaxial dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) apparatus to investigate the relative importance of electron-induced chemistry and thermo-chemistry in dry reforming of methane. In the tested background temperature range 297-773 K, electron-induced chemistry, as characterized by the physical properties of micro-discharges, was found to govern the conversions of CH4 and CO2, while thermo-chemistry influenced the product selectivities because they were found to depend on the background temperature. Comparisons with results from arc-jet reformation indicated that thermo-chemistry is an efficient conversion method. Our findings may improve designs of plasma-assisted reformers by using relatively hotter plasma sources. However, detailed chemical kinetic studies are needed.

  8. Sensible compromise: will there be health care reform?

    PubMed

    Gardner, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    Three significant challenges to the passage of health care legislation bear watching as they have the potential to make sensible compromise between the House and Senate unlikely. The first threat is the continuing exposure of the public to misinformation from media commentary and interest groups. If health care delivery issues weren't complex enough, another growing issue is the misuse of the filibuster, further obscuring change and clarity in legislative discussion. The third threat is a move by opponents of current health care reform to engage the Supreme Court and challenge the constitutionality of the legislation. If substantive health reform legislation fails to pass, nursing will have received a deep wound along with the rest of this country. Our voice as patient advocates must be stronger in these final days. PMID:20306879

  9. Reforming practice or modifying reforms?: Elementary teachers' response to the tools of reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leigh K. Smith; Sherry A. Southerland

    2007-01-01

    Understanding the interaction between internally constructed and externally imposed aspects of the teaching context may be the missing link between calls for school reform and teachers' interpretation and implementation of that reform. Although the context of the local school culture has a profound impact on teachers, there are other external forces that are specifically aimed at influencing teachers' pedagogical and

  10. Reforming Practice or Modifying Reforms?: Elementary Teachers' Response to the Tools of Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Leigh K.; Southerland, Sherry A.

    2007-01-01

    Understanding the interaction between internally constructed and externally imposed aspects of the teaching context may be the missing link between calls for school reform and teachers' interpretation and implementation of that reform. Although the context of the local school culture has a profound impact on teachers, there are other external…

  11. Health aid and governance in developing countries.

    PubMed

    Fielding, David

    2011-07-01

    Despite anecdotal evidence that the quality of governance in recipient countries affects the allocation of international health aid, there is no quantitative evidence on the magnitude of this effect, or on which dimensions of governance influence donor decisions. We measure health-aid flows over 1995-2006 for 109 aid recipients, matching aid data with measures of different dimensions of governance and a range of country-specific economic and health characteristics. Everything else being equal, countries with more political rights receive significantly more aid, but so do countries with higher corruption levels. The dependence of aid on political rights, even when we control for other governance indicators, suggests that health aid is sometimes used as an incentive to reward political reforms. PMID:20575152

  12. Building Houses: Build a Cardboard Tube House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-06-26

    Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variation of this activity includes building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf.

  13. Government Relations Office of the President

    E-print Network

    Caughman, John

    Government Relations Office of the President Portland State University www.8% if Congress does not move. With student debt hitting $1 trillion and becoming the second largest form should be done, but they don't agree on what. The White House and Congressional Republicans have both

  14. A DID analysis of the impact of health insurance reform in the city of Hangzhou.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jiale

    2007-12-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the 2003 reform of the health insurance system (in particular, the reduction in the co-payment amount) on the consumption of inpatient medical services in the city of Hangzhou using a differences-in-difference (DID) empirical strategy. The results confirm that private-sector employees (PSEs) (who were much more directly affected by the 2003 reform) were much more responsive to the reform than government employees. The growth rate of overall inpatient expenditures of PSEs (including retirees) increased by 26.4 percentage points more than that of government employees, which implies a relatively high (in absolute magnitude) price elasticity of demand for inpatient care of -1.10. Moreover, the growth rate of overall inpatient expenditures of currently employed PSEs increased by 37 percentage points more than that of government employees. Thus, the reform was effective in increasing PSEs' consumption of inpatient medical services, thereby reducing inter-occupational inequities. However, a gap still exists between government employees and PSEs in their consumption of inpatient medical services, and thus further reforms of the system (for example, further reductions in inter-occupational inequities) are needed. PMID:17351883

  15. Reforming Our Expectations about Juvenile Justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez, Pamela F.; Baille, Daphne M.

    2010-01-01

    Typing the term "juvenile justice reform" into a Google[TM] search will result in 60 pages of entries. But what is meant by juvenile justice reform? What does it look like? How will one know when it is achieved? This article defines juvenile justice reform, discusses the principles of effective reform, and describes the practice of juvenile…

  16. E-Government and Anti-Corruption: Empirical Analysis of International Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dong Chul Shim; Tae Ho Eom

    2008-01-01

    Case studies demonstrate that e-government is an effective tool to reduce corruption by promoting good governance and strengthening reform-oriented actors. Specifically, e-government can reduce corrupt behaviors externally by enhancing relationships with citizens and internally by more effectively controlling and monitoring employees' behaviors. This study examines the impact of e-government on corruption using national level data. The impacts of other traditional

  17. The political economy of healthy system reform in Israel.

    PubMed

    Chernichovsky, D; Chinitz, D

    1995-01-01

    On June 15, 1994, the Israeli Parliament voted to enact the National Health Insurance bill (NHI). The bill marks the end of a process that lasted for virtually as long as Israel's almost 50 year history. Israel's attempts at health reform began long before the current spate of reforms in many Western countries. Faced with many of the same problems of access, equity and cost control common to many of its counterparts, Israel initiated a reform process based on the recommendations of a prominent State Commission of Inquiry into the Israeli Health System (the Netanyahu Commission) which reported to the Government in 1990. The Commission's proposals were based on a diagnosis indicating that the major problems of the system stem from the lack of clarity regarding the rights of citizens to health care, the lack of a clear allocation of responsibility and accountability among government, insurance or sick funds, and providers in the system, and undue centralization of system operations. This diagnosis led to three major planks for reform: (1) enactment of national health insurance legislation granting a basic package of care to each citizen and hence bringing most of the system's finance under public auspices; (2) divesting the Government from the organization, management and provision of care; hence integrating the management of preventive and psychiatric services provided by the government with the primary and other services provided by sick funds, and granting financial and operational independence to at least government hospitals; and (3) restructuring the Ministry of Health. As is often the case in public policy, more consensus surrounds the diagnosis than the solutions. As a result, nearly four years of implementation efforts have only recently resulted in a major breakthrough. In this paper we make an effort to outline the inherent weaknesses of the Israeli health care system that have led to the crisis in the mid 1980s, summarize the recommendations of the State Commission for structural change in the system, and review the politics of implementing the recommended reforms. PMID:7613597

  18. Why Do Policy Leaders Adopt Global Education Reforms? A Political Analysis of SBM Reform Adoption in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Komatsu, Taro

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a political analysis of school-based management reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). School-based management (SBM), based on the principle of school autonomy and community participation, is a school governance system introduced in many parts of the world, including post-conflict nations. Such a phenomenon seems to follow the…

  19. Gateways to State and Local Government Information on the Internet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Bruce

    1995-01-01

    Describes some of the most useful gateways that can be used to access state and local government information on the Internet, including StateSearch, Council of State Governments, U.S. House of Representatives Internet Law Library, LC MARVEL, CityNet, California Home Page, and New York State Library Gopher. (LRW)

  20. Universities and Government in Post-War Japan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yamamoto, Shinichi

    2004-01-01

    Japan's higher education system, in which private universities and colleges play an important part, has embarked on far-reaching reform in the 1990s. Its main objective was to free the national (public) universities from tight control by the central government and to give them more autonomy. In light of dramatic demographic changes, especially a…