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1

Urban governance, neoliberalism and housing reform in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1979, housing reforms in China have been seen as successive state efforts to improve urban governance. The idea is that the state has all along failed to deliver housing efficiently and equitably through the work units and that it is believed that only through the recommodification of housing could the housing problem be ultimately resolved. The housing monetarization policy

James Lee; Ya-peng Zhu

2006-01-01

2

Autism--Why the Increased Rates? A One-Year Update. Hearings before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, April 25 and 26, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings before the House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform address possible reasons for the apparently rapid increase in the incidence of autism. An introduction by the Committee Chairman, Dan Burton, provides background information and suggests a possible linkage between autism and the mumps-measles-rubella vaccine,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

3

Governance Reform at China's "985 Project" Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education reform in China is deepening, and the governance reform taking place at the 985 Project universities over the past decade has displayed a shift from government driven to internally driven, from adaptive to proactive, and from localized to systemic. This reflects the overall status of governance reform in China's higher education.…

Qingnian, Xiong; Duanhong, Zhang; Hong, Liu

2011-01-01

4

China's Urban Housing Reform: Recent Achievements and New Inequities  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's urban housing reform started in the early 1980s, as a part of comprehensive economic reform. The old system was dominated by work units that provided substantial in-kind services to their employees, including heavily subsidised housing. It brought three serious problems: housing shortages, corruption and inequities. The goals of housing reform were to solve these problems through urban housing privatisation,

YINGSHUN ZHAO; STEVEN C. BOURASSA

2003-01-01

5

The Winners in China's Urban Housing Reform.  

PubMed

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China's transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation. PMID:24163494

Logan, John R; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

2010-01-01

6

University Governance Reforms: Potential Problems of More Autonomy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University governance reforms are very much a reflection of the broader New Public Management reforms that are focusing on increasing efficiency in public organizations. The article deals with how university reform ideas of a generic nature, emphasizing that universities should be treated and reformed like any other public organizations, are…

Christensen, Tom

2011-01-01

7

Federal Student Loan Programs: Are They Meeting the Needs of Students and Schools? Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (May 26, 2005). Serial Number 109-31  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Government Reform, chaired by Tom Davis (R-VA) convened this oversight hearing to examine Federal Student Loan Programs, specifically the management and performance of the Federal Family Education Loan Program and the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program. The Committee focused on the Department of Education initiatives to…

US House of Representatives, 2005

2005-01-01

8

Declaration of Education: Toward a Culture of Achievement in D.C. Public Schools. Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (May 20, 2005) Serial No. 109-30  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this hearing on the District of Columbia's public school system (DCPS), the Honorable Tom Davis, chairman of the Committee on Government Reform, says in his opening statement that the District's improved health cannot be sustained without a better public school system, and that the lack of performance improvement threatens future growth and…

US House of Representatives, 2005

2005-01-01

9

Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

Sattler, Peggy

2012-01-01

10

GOVERNMENT VERSUS GOVERNANCE AS A FRAMEWORK Government versus Governance as a Framework to analyze Mexico's Energy Reform  

E-print Network

to analyze Mexico's Energy Reform Initiative and Key World Referents by Alejandro Ibarra-Yunez Professor Abstract Mexico's new administration of Pres. Enrique Peña Nieto has actively passed Reform Proposals efficient government and a new enhanced social orientation dearly needed in that society. Using

Texas at Austin, University of

11

Effective Faith-Based Treatment Programs. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (May 23, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents witness testimonies from a hearing discussing two issues critical to the House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources: insuring government support for effective programs to reduce the demand for illegal drugs, and facilitating the inclusion of faith-based providers in the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

12

The Winners in China’s Urban Housing Reform  

PubMed Central

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China’s transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation. PMID:24163494

Logan, John R.; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

2013-01-01

13

Corporate Governance Convergence: Evidence from Takeover Regulation Reforms in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to the research on corporate governance by predicting the effects of European takeover regulation.In particular, we investigate whether the recent reforms of takeover regulation in Europe are leading to a harmonization of the national legislations.With the help of 150 corporate governance lawyers from 30 European countries, we collected the main changes in takeover regulation.We assess whether a

Marc Goergen; Marina Martynova; L. D. R. Renneboog

2005-01-01

14

And Now What about Reforming Cambridge Governance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After its recent Assurance visit from HEFCE, Oxford went through a high profile public debate at the end of which its academic community voted against moving to a governance structure which would have given Oxford a majority of external members on its Council. The Higher Education Funding Council asked Oxford to answer eight questions justifying…

Evans, G. R.

2009-01-01

15

Public Housing Reform and Neighborhood Schools: How Local Contexts "Must" Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1992, Congress enacted the HOPE VI program to overhaul the nation's public housing policy. The reform legislation was prompted by a report commissioned by Congress that deemed two-thirds of all public housing "severely distressed." Since the landmark public housing policy was enacted in 1992, the Department of Housing and Urban Development…

Smrekar, Claire

2009-01-01

16

31 CFR 1030.320 - Reports by housing government sponsored enterprises of suspicious transactions.  

...2014-07-01 false Reports by housing government sponsored enterprises of suspicious...THE TREASURY RULES FOR HOUSING GOVERNMENT SPONSORED ENTERPRISES Reports Required To Be Made by Housing Government Sponsored Enterprises §...

2014-07-01

17

The downside of marketization: A multilevel analysis of housing tenure and types in reform-era urban China.  

PubMed

Based on data from the 2005 National Population Sample Survey and compiled covariates of 205 prefectures, this research adopted principal-component and multilevel-logistic analyses to study homeownership in urban China. Although the housing reform has severed the link between work units and residence, working in state sectors (government, state-owned enterprises and collective firms) remained significant in determining a household's entitlement to reform-era housing with heavy subsidies or better qualities. While the prefecture-level index of marketization reduced local homeownership of self-built housing, affordable housing and privatized housing, its effect is moderated by cross-level interactions with income, education and working in state sectors across different types of housing. Meanwhile, the index of political and market connections promoted all types of homeownership except for self-built housing. By situating the downside of marketization within a context of urban transformation, this research not only challenges the teleological premise of the neoliberal market transition theory but calls for research on institutional dynamics and social consequences of urban transformation in China. PMID:25432608

Fu, Qiang; Zhu, Yushu; Ren, Qiang

2015-01-01

18

Yet Another Feeble Paper on Civil Service Reform: they should look to local government  

E-print Network

Yet Another Feeble Paper on Civil Service Reform: they should look to local government George Jones and John Stewart Here we go again. The Government's paper The Civil Service Reform Plan is the latest-service resistance. From the perspective of local government little has changed as a result of all those papers

19

Job Corps Oversight Part II: Vocational Training Standards. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session (July 29, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This congressional hearing continues the House's oversight of the Department of Labor's (DOL's) Job Corps program, focusing on the fourth element of successful job training, maintaining a vocational curriculum that reflects current and future job opportunities. It reviews findings of a General Accounting Office (GAO) study that found the program…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

20

Early Childhood Interventions: Public-Private Partnerships. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings transcripts recount testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives concerning early childhood development programs. Testimony addressed the questions of how public and private investments in early childhood programs contribute to successful outcomes for infants and mothers, and how these successes can be measured and replicated…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

21

Reforming Local Government in Broome County 1 Center for Local Government College of Community & Public Affairs Binghamton University  

E-print Network

#12;Reforming Local Government in Broome County 1 Center for Local Government ­ College. This council created ten major committees to examine opportunities for local government change in the following, Purchasing, Schools, Solid Waste, and Government Consolidation. After an intensive 12 months of committee

Suzuki, Masatsugu

22

Welfare Reform Impacts on the Public Housing Program: A Preliminary Forecast: HUD USER  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users may download this report and accompanying charts from the HUD USER site. The report "examines the implications of welfare reform for public housing authorities (PHAs), whose residents traditionally contribute a portion of their incomes for rent." The report focuses on a small number of diverse housing authorities and finds that the effects of welfare reform on tenant incomes and PHA rent revenues will most probably vary considerably.

23

The Politics of Parliamentary Reform: Lessons from the House of Commons (2001–2005)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACTThe 2001 parliament saw a renewed interest in Commons reform. Between 2001 and 2005 the House of Commons Modernisation Committee put forward several significant reports recommending changes to the select committees, sitting patterns, questioning of ministers and engaging with the public. The article examines the political factors that shaped the development and implementation of those reforms, and in particular assesses

Greg Power

2007-01-01

24

Information Management: The Challenges of Managing Electronic Records. Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Information Policy, Census and National Archives, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-10-838T  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal agencies are increasingly using electronic means to create, exchange, and store information, and in doing so, they frequently create federal records: that is, information, in whatever form, that documents government functions, activities, decisions, and other important transactions. As the volume of electronic information grows, so does…

Melvin, Valerie C.

2010-01-01

25

Combating Gangs: Better Coordination and Performance Measurement Would Help Clarify Roles of Federal Agencies and Strengthen Assessment of Efforts. Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-09-708  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Justice (DOJ) estimates that the United States has about a million gang members. While state and local agencies have primary responsibility for combating gang crime, the federal government has key roles to enforce laws and help fund programs to provide alternatives to gang membership for at-risk youth. GAO was asked to examine…

US Government Accountability Office, 2009

2009-01-01

26

We live here : tenants and the Massachusetts Public Housing Reform debate  

E-print Network

The embezzlement and corruption scandal surrounding the director of a local Massachusetts housing authority in late 2011 spurred a heated public debate about governance and efficiency in the state-funded public housing ...

Sappelt, Ruth

2014-01-01

27

Bureaucratic Reform and E-Government in the United States: An Institutional Perspective  

E-print Network

perspective on e-government can provide important insights into bureaucratic reform, political developmentBureaucratic Reform and E-Government in the United States: An Institutional Perspective Jane E. Fountain Center for Public Policy and Administration Department of Political Science University

Schweik, Charles M.

28

The Korean government's electronic record management reform: The promise and perils of digital democratization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, the Korean government instituted a reform in its archives with the goal of increasing transparency in government and meeting the challenges of the new digital environment in records management. President Roh's administration focused on a “process and system” reform through a shift from paper-based records management to electronic records management. The E-jiwon task management system of the Office of

Kyong Rae Lee; Kwang-Suk Lee

2009-01-01

29

Systems Reform and Local Government: Improving Outcomes for Children, Families, and Neighborhoods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Local governments play a central role in improving the lives of children and families and in piecing together solutions to other major social, economic, environmental, and political challenges. Some ways to nurture and support systems reform activities in local governments, including those of educational systems, are explored. Systems reform can…

Potapchuk, William R.; Crocker, Jarle P.; Schechter, William H.

30

The role of housing privatization and labor-market reform in China's dual economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical aspect of China's economic modernization, one that has been infrequently addressed either in policy papers or scholarly studies, is the linkage between labor-market and housing-market reform. Labor-market mobility requires that workers and their families be able to find housing in areas of high labor demand. This critical linkage will be facilitated by movement away from employer-provided housing to

Belton M. Fleisher; Yong Yin; Stephen M. Hills

1997-01-01

31

Good governance and budget reform in Lesotho Public Hospitals: performance, root causes and reality.  

PubMed

Lesotho has been implementing financial management reforms, including performance-based budgeting (PBB) since 2005 in an effort to increase accountability, transparency and effectiveness in governance, yet little is known about how these efforts are affecting the health sector. Supported by several development partners and $24 million in external resources, the PBB reform is intended to strengthen government capacity to manage aid funds directly and to target assistance to pressing social priorities. This study designed and tested a methodology for measuring implementation progress for PBB reform in the hospital sector in Lesotho. We found that despite some efforts on the national level to promote and support reform implementation, staff at the hospital level were largely unaware of the purpose of the reform and had made almost no progress in transforming institutions and systems to fully realize reform goals. Problems can be traced to a complex reform design, inadequate personnel and capacity to implement, professional boundaries between financial and clinical personnel and weak leadership. The Lesotho reform experience suggests that less complex designs for budget reform, better adapted to the context and realities of health sectors in developing countries, may be needed to improve governance. It also highlights the importance of measuring reform implementation at the sectoral level. PMID:23293099

Vian, Taryn; Bicknell, William J

2014-09-01

32

Transformation, trust and the ‘importance of teaching’: continuities and discontinuities in the Coalition government’s discourse of education reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The imperative of transforming education continues to permeate the discourse of UK education reform. Although the Coalition government’s publications herald a ‘new school system’, they reveal the same neo-liberal thinking as their New Labour predecessors. The context of the national budget deficit is now being brought to bear to promote greater effectiveness of the education system. Inherent in the Coalition

Agnieszka Bates

2012-01-01

33

Corruption in transition economies: Effects of government size, country size and economic reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses annual pooled data over 1998–2002 for transition countries to examine whether government size or country size\\u000a matters more in its impact on corruption; and whether piecemeal reforms or comprehensive transition reforms are desirable\\u000a for corruption reduction. Our results show that greater economic prosperity leads to lower corruption, and contrary to findings\\u000a for other nations, a bigger government

Rajeev K. Goel; Jelena Budak

2006-01-01

34

Between efficiency, capability and recognition: competing epistemes in global governance reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines global governance reforms as a site of contestation between three different ‘truths’\\/epistemes (the market, human rights principles, and cultural identity) in terms of the competing principles of efficiency, capability, and recognition. Nancy Fraser’s conceptions of participation parity and a dialogical approach of recognition to examine diverse global governance reform proposals are used to argue that a neo?liberal

Jennifer Chan

2007-01-01

35

Change of government: one more big bang health care reform in England's National Health Service.  

PubMed

Once again the National Health Service (NHS) in England is undergoing major reform, following the election of a new coalition government keen to reduce the role of the state and cut back on big government. The NHS has been undergoing continuous reform since the 1980s. Yet, despite the significant transaction costs incurred, there is no evidence that the claimed benefits have been achieved. Many of the same problems endure. The reforms follow the direction of change laid down by the last Conservative government in the early 1990s, which the recent Labour government did not overturn despite a commitment to do so. Indeed, under Labour, the NHS was subjected to further market-style changes that have paved the way for the latest round of reform. The article considers the appeal of big bang reform, questions its purpose and value, and critically appraises the nature and extent of the proposed changes in this latest round of reform. It warns that the NHS in its current form may not survive the changes, as they open the way to privatization and a weakening of its public service ethos. PMID:21319727

Hunter, David J

2011-01-01

36

Reforming College Governance. New Directions for Community Colleges, No. 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles presented here reveal the current status of community college governance. Topics discussed are: three models of college governance and their interrelationships; participatory governance in Canada; preparing student, faculty, and administrative leaders to understand basic institutional and individual needs and to operative in…

Richardson, Richard C., Jr., Ed.

1975-01-01

37

Equity, governance and financing after health care reform: lessons from Mexico.  

PubMed

To determine, from the perspective of providers, community leaders and users of health services, equity, governance and health financing outcomes of the Mexican health system reform.Cross-sectional study oriented towards the qualitative analysis of financing, governance and equity indicators for the uninsured population. Taking into account feasibility, as well as political and technical criteria, six Mexican states were selected as study populations and a qualitative research was conducted during 2004-2006. Two hundred and forty in-depth interviews were applied, in all selected states, to 60 decision-makers, including medical and administrative personnel; 60 service providers at health centres; 60 representatives of civil organizations, including municipal representatives and, finally, 60 members of health committees and users of services at second and first levels of care units. The analysis of interviews was performed using ATLAS-Ti software. An outcome mapping of health reform was developed. For political actors, Mexican health system reform has not modified dependence on the central level; ignorance about reform strategies and lack of participation in the search for financial resources to finance health systems were evidenced. Also, in all states under study, community leaders and users of services reported the need to improve an effective accountability system at both municipal and state levels. Health strategies for equity, governance and financing do not have adequate mechanisms to promote participation from all social actors. Improving this situation is a very important goal in the Mexican health democratization process, in the context of health care reform. There are relevant positive and negative effects of the reform on equity, governance and financing in health. Special emphasis is placed on the analysis of lessons learned in Mexico and the usefulness of the main strengths and weaknesses, as relevant evidences for other middle-income countries which are designing, implementing and evaluating reform strategies in order to achieve equity in resource allocation, good levels of governance and a greater financial protection in health. PMID:18000949

Arredondo, Armando; Orozco, Emanuel

2008-01-01

38

Joint Hearing on Privatizing Government Sponsored Entities (GSEs). Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training and Life-Long Learning of the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities and the Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a congressional joint hearing report of a panel discussion exploring issues related to privatization of two government-sponsored entities (GSEs): the Student Loan Marketing Association (Sallie Mae) and the College Construction Loan Insurance Association (Connie Lee). The two issues specifically addressed by the panel were: (1)…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities.

39

Reforming School Governance in Taiwan and South Korea: Empowerment and Autonomization in School-Based Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The article aims to use the globalization theory and the implications of democratization for social policy to analyze the school governance reforms in Taiwan and South Korea. Design/methodology/approach: The article describes the main features of decentralization policy in the school sectors in the two societies with a historical review…

Lo, William Yat Wai; Gu, Ja Oek

2008-01-01

40

Educational Reforms in Malta: A Missed Opportunity to Establish Distributed Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically analyses the current Maltese educational reform process, which aimed to transform educational governance in Malta from a centralized system to a more decentralized one. This longitudinal study adopted a multi-site inquiry of a sample of the colleges involving different stakeholders, including key policy-makers, college…

Cutajar, Mario; Bezzina, Christopher; James, Chris

2013-01-01

41

76 FR 14273 - Government Reform for Competitiveness and Innovation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 51 (Wednesday, March 16, 2011)] [Presidential Documents] [Pages 14273-14274] From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov] [FR Doc No: 2011-6298] Presidential Documents Federal Register / Vol. 76 ,...

2011-03-16

42

31 CFR 1030.210 - Anti-money laundering programs for housing government sponsored enterprises.  

31 Money and Finance:Treasury 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Anti-money laundering programs for housing government sponsored...enterprises. 1030.210 Section 1030.210 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations...

2014-07-01

43

The National Human Rights Action Plan 2009–2010: the Chinese government’s attitude toward the new criminal procedure reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 13 April 2009, China issued the National Human Rights Action Plan 2009–2010 for the first time, which reflected the Chinese government’s attitude toward the new criminal procedure reform. This plan brought some procedural rights of criminal procedure into the human rights scope, emphasizing the importance of procedural justice in criminal procedure. It paid more attention to the concept of

Zong Bo

2010-01-01

44

The role of law and governance reform in the global response to non-communicable diseases  

PubMed Central

Addressing non-communicable diseases (“NCDs”) and their risk-factors is one of the most powerful ways of improving longevity and healthy life expectancy for the foreseeable future – especially in low- and middle-income countries. This paper reviews the role of law and governance reform in that process. We highlight the need for a comprehensive approach that is grounded in the right to health and addresses three aspects: preventing NCDs and their risk factors, improving access to NCD treatments, and addressing the social impacts of illness. We highlight some of the major impediments to the passage and implementation of laws for the prevention and control of NCDs, and identify important practical steps that governments can take as they consider legal and governance reforms at country level. We review the emerging global architecture for NCDs, and emphasise the need for governance structures to harness the energy of civil society organisations and to create a global movement that influences the policy agenda at the country level. We also argue that the global monitoring framework would be more effective if it included key legal and policy indicators. The paper identifies priorities for technical legal assistance in implementing the WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020. These include high-quality legal resources to assist countries to evaluate reform options, investment in legal capacity building, and global leadership to respond to the likely increase in requests by countries for technical legal assistance. We urge development agencies and other funders to recognise the need for development assistance in these areas. Throughout the paper, we point to global experience in dealing with HIV and draw out some relevant lessons for NCDs. PMID:24903332

2014-01-01

45

78 FR 37106 - Streamlining Requirements Governing the Use of Funding for Supportive Housing for the Elderly and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...811 supportive housing, which helped facilitate the use of low-income housing tax credits and mixed-finance methods to infuse private capital into Section 202 and Section 811 developments. HUD's regulations governing Section 202/811...

2013-06-20

46

The Government of Health Care and the Politics of Patient Empowerment: New Labour and the NHS Reform Agenda in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the issue of patient empowerment in the context of New Labour's proposed reforms to the National Health Service (NHS) in England. Through an exploration of some of the key measures in the government's white paper High Quality Care for All, the article argues for a conceptualization of patient empowerment as a political technique of governing. Patient empowerment,

KENNETH VEITCH

2010-01-01

47

Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

48

77 FR 76064 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Reform Act: Changes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requirements for the Public Housing and Section 8 Assistance Programs AGENCY...policies relating to public housing and Section 8 assistance programs implemented...Requirements in the Public Housing and Section 8 Assistance Programs. OMB...

2012-12-26

49

The Drug Threat to Teens in Our Rural Communities. Hearing before the Subcommittee on National Security, International Affairs, and Criminal Justice of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session (DeKalb, IL, July 7, 1997).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A House subcommittee hearing held in DeKalb, Illinois, received testimony on drug abuse problems among young people in small towns and rural areas. Personal experiences of drugs and their effects on young people were described in statements from the mother of a victim of drug-related violence, a former drug dealer, a former drug user and gang…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

50

Public Sector Reform and Governance for Adaptation: Implications of New Public Management for Adaptive Capacity in Mexico and Norway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although many governments are assuming the responsibility of initiating adaptation policy in relation to climate change, the compatibility of "governance-for-adaptation" with the current paradigms of public administration has generally been overlooked. Over the last several decades, countries around the globe have embraced variants of the philosophy of administration broadly called "New Public Management" (NPM) in an effort to improve administrative efficiencies and the provision of public services. Using evidence from a case study of reforms in the building sector in Norway, and a case study of water and flood risk management in central Mexico, we analyze the implications of the adoption of the tenets of NPM for adaptive capacity. Our cases illustrate that some of the key attributes associated with governance for adaptation—namely, technical and financial capacities; institutional memory, learning and knowledge; and participation and accountability—have been eroded by NPM reforms. Despite improvements in specific operational tasks of the public sector in each case, we show that the success of NPM reforms presumes the existence of core elements of governance that have often been found lacking, including solid institutional frameworks and accountability. Our analysis illustrates the importance of considering both longer-term adaptive capacities and short-term efficiency goals in public sector administration reform.

Eakin, Hallie; Eriksen, Siri; Eikeland, Per-Ove; Øyen, Cecilie

2011-03-01

51

Transformation, Trust and the "Importance of Teaching": Continuities and Discontinuities in the Coalition Government's Discourse of Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The imperative of transforming education continues to permeate the discourse of UK education reform. Although the Coalition government's publications herald a "new school system", they reveal the same neo-liberal thinking as their New Labour predecessors. The context of the national budget deficit is now being brought to bear to promote greater…

Bates, Agnieszka

2012-01-01

52

Competition, Corporate Governance, and Regulation in Central Asia: Uzbekistan's Structural Reform Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

May 2000Like many Central Asian republics, Uzbekistan has adopted a gradual, cautious approach in its transition to a market economy. It has had some success attaining macroeconomic stability, but microeconomic reforms have lagged behind. It is time to accelerate structural reform.In Uzbekistan state enterprises are being changed into shareholding companies, and private enterprises account for 45 percent of all registered

Harry G. Broadman

1999-01-01

53

Decoupled Implementation of New-Wave Land Reforms: Decentralisation and Local Governance of Land in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decentralisation is a key element in the new wave of land reforms that have been introduced in sub-Saharan Africa. However, not much research has been carried out into their implementation at the local level. Consequently, reforms are described in old-fashioned terms. Through comparative case studies in Tanzania, this article unpacks implementation as a process consisting of multiple administrative layers and

Rasmus Hundsbæk Pedersen

2012-01-01

54

Market-Oriented School Reform in England and Finland: School Choice, Finance and Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the introduction of market-oriented reforms into school-based education in England and Finland. The contexts into which reforms were introduced differed, with a fully comprehensive system being in place in Finland but not in England; the motives were also different; and different trajectories have since been followed. Whilst…

West, Anne; Ylonen, Annamari

2010-01-01

55

Housing and Planning: A Century of Social Reform and Local Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: From the antislum crusades of the Progressive Era to the idealistic regional planning and public housing movements of the New Deal, the postwar urban renewal controversies, and recent attempts at integrating suburban America, housing advocates have pressed urban planners to take up the moral challenges of their profession. Many planners, especially since the 1960s, have met the challenges by

Alexander von Hoffman

2009-01-01

56

49 CFR 24.403 - Additional rules governing replacement housing payments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...after death. A replacement housing payment is personal to the...occupancy of the replacement housing shall be paid. (2) Any...Any portion of a replacement housing payment necessary to satisfy...dwelling when computing the price differential. (See §...

2010-10-01

57

49 CFR 24.403 - Additional rules governing replacement housing payments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...after death. A replacement housing payment is personal to the...occupancy of the replacement housing shall be paid. (2) Any...Any portion of a replacement housing payment necessary to satisfy...dwelling when computing the price differential. (See §...

2011-10-01

58

Lessons from the Clinton plan: incremental market reform, not sweeping government control.  

PubMed

The Clinton health reform attempt in the mid-1990s and the U.S. experience since then suggest some clear lessons for the next U.S. president. Public confidence in a major reform proposal must be won, and congressional support must be garnered, even if the election is a landslide. Insisting on universal coverage as a precondition may undercut the ability to enact other policies needed to improve the health system. Excessive regulation and price controls are likely to exacerbate underlying problems. The next president should take full advantage of market incentives to promote a high-value health system. PMID:18474961

Antos, Joseph

2008-01-01

59

Planning across distance : remote housing and government intervention in Australia's Northern Territory  

E-print Network

At the time of its inception in 2008, the Strategic Indigenous Housing and Infrastructure Program (SIHIP) was the largest indigenous housing program in Australia's history. SIHIP represented a $672million investment by the ...

Steyer, Matthew August

2012-01-01

60

78 FR 75528 - Federal Government Participation in the Automated Clearing House  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...use of the Automated Clearing House (ACH) system by Federal agencies...payments and to create a more stable environment within which to...Part 210 Automated Clearing House, Electronic funds transfer...PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE 0 1. The authority...

2013-12-12

61

Leveraging non-binding instruments for global health governance: reflections from the Global AIDS Reporting Mechanism for WHO reform.  

PubMed

As countries contend with an increasingly complex global environment with direct implications for population health, the international community is seeking novel mechanisms to incentivize coordinated national and international action towards shared health goals. Binding legal instruments have garnered increasing attention since the World Health Organization adopted its first convention in 2003. This paper seeks to expand the discourse on future global health lawmaking by exploring the potential value of non-binding instruments in global health governance, drawing on the case of the 2001 United Nations General Assembly Special Session Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. In other realms of international concern ranging from the environment to human rights to arms control, non-binding instruments are increasingly used as effective instruments of international cooperation. The experience of the Global AIDS Reporting Mechanism, established pursuant to the Declaration, evidences that, at times, non-binding legal instruments can offer benefits over slower, more rigid binding legal approaches to governance. The global AIDS response has demonstrated that the use of a non-binding instrument can be remarkably effective in galvanizing increasingly deep commitments, action, reporting compliance and ultimately accountability for results. Based on this case, the authors argued that non-binding instruments deserve serious consideration by the international community for the future of global health governance, including in the context of WHO reform. PMID:24393497

Taylor, A L; Alfven, T; Hougendobler, D; Tanaka, S; Buse, K

2014-02-01

62

Educational Governance Reforms: The Uncertain Role of Local School Boards in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the U.S., local school boards have long played a prominent role in governing public education. States have authority for\\u000a public education via the Tenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, which reserves powers to the states that the Constitution\\u000a does not delegate to the federal government or prohibit states from assuming. In the mid-1800s, states began establishing\\u000a state-wide public school

Deborah Land; Sam Stringfield

63

The Laird’s Houses of Scotland: From the Reformation to the Industrial Revolution, 1560–1770   

E-print Network

The purpose of this research is to define the architectural development of laird’s houses. The term ‘laird’s house’ can imply, simply, ‘the house of a laird’. Architecturally, it is used to describe a category of dwelling ...

Strachan, Sabina Ross

64

Europeanization in the "Wild East"? Analyzing Higher Education Governance Reform in Georgia and Armenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examine higher education developments in two peripheral post-communist countries--Georgia and Armenia, whose education systems have previously received little attention in the literature. They focus on how both countries' models of higher education governance have evolved through the phase of political transformation and recent…

Dobbins, Michael; Khachatryan, Susanna

2015-01-01

65

Space Shuttle: Status of advanced solid rocket motor program. Report to the Chair, Subcommittee on Government Activities and Transportation, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advanced Solid Rocket Motor is one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) most expensive and controversial programs. Two reusable solid rocket motors are attached to the Space Shuttle to provide most of the thrust needed to lift it into orbit. The advanced motor is being designed to replace the current motor, which is a redesigned version of the motor that caused the January 1986 Challenger accident. The Chair of the Subcommittee on Government Activities and Transportation, House Committee on Government Operations, requested that GAO review the program's status. The specific objectives were to: (1) assess the extent to which the need for the program has changed; and (2) determine the reasons for cost growth and schedule slippage.

1992-11-01

66

BBC News: Lords Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On January 19, 1999, Tony Blair's government announced the most radical restructuring of the House of Lords, the UK's second chamber, in its 600-year existence. Honoring the Labour Party election manifesto, the Bill will remove all 759 hereditary peers, those with an automatic right to sit by virtue of birthright, within the year. In the meantime, a Royal Commission will formulate proposals for a new upper house and issue a report by December 31, 1999. A fully reformed chamber is expected to be in place by 2002, and in the meantime, publicly nominated "People's Peers" may sit in the Lords in addition to the politically appointed Life Peers. The BBC Special Report outlines this momentous constitutional change in Britain, and offers analysis, commentary, and the latest news.

1999-01-01

67

Displacement, politics and governance : access to low-income housing in a Beirut suburb  

E-print Network

Lebanon witnessed large-scale phases of internal displacement during and after its civil war (1975-1990). This study analyzes access to low-income housing for a Lebanese Shiites group which has already experienced two ...

Bou Akar, Hiba

2005-01-01

68

Government public housing health needs assessment: focus on race, ethnicity, and the older adult: background, methods, and demographics.  

PubMed

St. Vincent's Catholic Medical Centers of New York initiated a study in 2009 to assess the health needs of residents of New York City (NYC) municipal housing at the Robert Fulton public housing complex in Manhattan. The aim of this project was to provide valid data on perceived health services needs of the residents of a NYC housing project. These data may also be used to support hospital and community collaborative strategic decisions for developing resident-appropriate health and social services and would be valuable for use in formulating policies and programs by other interested nonprofit health and social services organizations and government. We designed a 28-item instrument and pilot tested it with our research team and members of the population under study. The English and Spanish surveys were designed as an in-person surveyor-administered instruments addressing four domains: demographics, access and barriers to health care services, risk behaviors, and perceived health needs. The sampling was an apartment-level stratified random sampling. A 20%, 188 apartment sample was drawn from the population of 944 housing units. Our response rate was 92% (173/188 apartments). Background methods, and demographic results are reported in this article. A second article will report on the needs assessment results. PMID:23930518

Lascher, Steven; Tasir-Rodriguez, Wesley; Moon, Grace; Irizzary, Maria; Baney, Matthew; Kellogg, F Russell

2013-01-01

69

Getting Our Own House in Order: Improving Psychiatry Education to Medical Students as a Prelude to Medical School Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors summarize efforts to revitalize psychiatry teaching to medical students at Harvard Medical School (HMS) in advance of a major overhaul of the medical school curriculum. Methods: This preliminary report chronicles key challenges and the organization of the reform effort within the departments of psychiatry affiliated with the…

Alpert, Jonathan E.; Schlozman, Steve; Badaracco, Mary Anne; Burke, Jay; Borus, Jonathan F.

2006-01-01

70

The relationship between government and opposition in the bundestag and house of commons in the run?up to the Maastricht Treaty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses modes of interaction between government and opposition in the German Bundestag and the British House of Commons in the run?up to the Maastricht Treaty, and the implications of co?operation or a lack thereof for the parties involved. The article is based on the premise that the government—opposition relationship is not derived solely from power relationships and institutional

Moshe Maor

1998-01-01

71

Committee on Government Reform, United States House of Representatives Testimony for the September 21, 2006 Hearing on  

E-print Network

21, 2006 Hearing on: Climate Change Technology Research: Do We Need a `Manhattan Project technologically and financially, through increased geopolitical stability and flexibility, and through job growth ­ be needed, but most critically we must develop a balanced approach that utilizes `technology push

Kammen, Daniel M.

72

Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter summarized and analyzes all state supreme court and federal court decisions as well as other significant court decisions affecting the realm of school governance. The cases discussed are generally limited to those decided during 1974 and reported in the General Digest on or before March 1, 1975. Because of its unusual significance,…

Moran, K. D.

73

77 FR 18723 - Streamlining Requirements Governing the Use of Funding for Supportive Housing for the Elderly and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...811 supportive housing, which helped facilitate the use of low-income housing tax credits and mixed-finance methods to infuse private capital into Section 202 and Section 811 developments. An interim rule establishing the Section 202/811...

2012-03-28

74

More than Servants of the State? The Governance of Initial Teacher Preparation in Canada in an Era of School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on Gideonse's (1993) distinction between political, institutional, and professional modes of governance, this article examines changes in the governance of initial teacher preparation in Canada over the last three decades. With data collected from a review of provincial documents and key informant interviews, the article uses Quebec,…

Young, Jon; Boyd, Karen

2010-01-01

75

District of Columbia Public Schools: While Early Reform Efforts Tackle Critical Management Issues, a District-Wide Strategic Education Plan Would Help Guide Long-Term Efforts. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate. GAO-08-549T  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to long-standing problems with student academic performance, the condition of school facilities, and the overall management of the D.C. public school system, the D.C. Council approved the Public Education Reform Amendment Act of 2007 (Reform Act). The Reform Act made major changes to the operations and governance of the D.C. public…

Ashby, Cornelia M.

2008-01-01

76

Does more equitable governance lead to more equitable health care? A case study based on the implementation of health reform in Aboriginal health Australia.  

PubMed

There is growing evidence that providing increased voice to vulnerable or disenfranchised populations is important to improving health equity. In this paper we will examine the engagement of Aboriginal community members and community controlled organisations in local governance reforms associated with the Aboriginal Health National Partnership Agreements (AHNPA) in Australia and its impact on the uptake of health assessments. The sample included qualitative and quantitative responses from 188 people involved in regional governance in Aboriginal health. The study included data on the uptake of Aboriginal health assessments from July 2008 to December 2012. The study population was 83190 in 2008/9, 856986 in 2009/10, 88256 in 2010/11 and 90903 in 2011/12. Logistic regression was used to examine the relationships between organisations within forums and the regional uptake of Aboriginal health assessments. The independent variables included before and after the AHNPA, state, remoteness, level of representation from Aboriginal organisations and links between Aboriginal and mainstream organisations. The introduction of the AHNPA was associated with a shift in power from central government to regional forums. This shift has enabled Aboriginal people a much greater voice in governance. The results of the analyses show that improvements in the uptake of health assessments were associated with stronger links between Aboriginal organisations and between mainstream organisations working with Aboriginal organisations. Higher levels of community representation were also associated with improved uptake of health assessments in the AHNPA. The findings suggest that the incorporation of Aboriginal community and community controlled organisations in regional planning plays an important role in improving health equity. This study makes an important contribution to understanding the processes through which the incorporation of disadvantaged groups into governance might contribute to health equity. PMID:25103343

Kelaher, Margaret; Sabanovic, Hana; La Brooy, Camille; Lock, Mark; Lusher, Dean; Brown, Larry

2014-12-01

77

Reforming Head Start: What "Re-Competition" Means for the Federal Government's Pre-K Program. Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Head Start, the federal government's pre-K program, is at a crossroads. The program has been used as an anti-poverty measure by the government for over 45 years. It has grown significantly since its inception and provided many children with a valuable, high-quality early education, and in FY2012 served more than 960,000 children under 5 on a $7.9…

Severns, Maggie

2012-01-01

78

Teacher Education Reforms in Albania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on insights from Albanian teacher educators and government representatives, this paper examines processes of change and types of reform (modernization, structural, and systemic reform) in Albania. It also discusses the initial implementation of one of the reforms, which was directed at the balance and role of school experiences, analyzing…

Whitehead, Joan

2000-01-01

79

Putting the Pieces Together: Toward a Comprehensive Program of Social Reform (Reformulating Our Approaches to School Governance).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic tenets of citizen control of education at state and local levels are well established historically and remain intact after three centuries of U.S. educational experience. This paper advocates substantial change in the structure and management of local governments. Too many change proposals are cosmetic. Kentucky and Memphis-Shelby County are…

Cunningham, Luvern L.

1991-01-01

80

Extending the physical and cultural boundaries of affordable housing : a reconfiguration of the Franklin Field Public Housing Development  

E-print Network

Public housing is in a state of revision. Changes in attitude and approach to housing low-income people, evident in housing reform, are challenging the standard which public housing has come to represent. After years of ...

Makuku, Owiso A. (Owiso Atsali), 1968-

1999-01-01

81

Welfare Reform Proposals. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations, and Nutrition of the Committee on Agriculture. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing seeks to examine the Family Welfare Reform Act, H.R. 1720, now pending, and determine what changes in the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program and the Food Stamp Program are needed to ensure that the United States has an integrated welfare system. H.R. 1720 includes benefit reforms, a new employment and training…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Agriculture.

82

Governance or Governing – the Missing Link?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governance and governing are two distinct concepts, but they intertwine. “Good governing” exercises good influence on development. “Good governance” supposes first a relationship of power focused on a series of reforms structured at three levels: the political – administrative level, the economic level, and the level of civil society. As this dimension is difficult to measure, the qualitative evaluation of

Luminita Maria Craciun

2010-01-01

83

Leadership Lessons from Comprehensive School Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume explores the role of leadership in comprehensive school reform (CSR). It consists of 12 chapters: (1) "The Development of Comprehensive School Reform" (Joseph Murphy and Amanda Datnow); (2) "Expeditionary Learning Schools: Tenacity, Leadership, and School Reform" (Greg Farrell); (3) "The Modern Red School House: Leadership in…

Murphy, Joseph, Ed.; Datnow, Amanda, Ed.

84

Information Dissemination: Innovative Ways Agencies Are Using Technology. Testimony before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This testimony discusses ways in which some federal government agencies use technology to provide the public with cheaper, faster access to a wider range of information which can be searched and manipulated in ways never possible on the printed page. Technologies included in the discussion are compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM), electronic…

Brock, Jack L., Jr.

85

Amending the Mineral Lands Leasing Act of 1920 to reform the onshore oil and gas leasing program. Report together with Dissenting and Additional Views, House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session, October 15, 1987  

SciTech Connect

This report, together with dissenting and additional views, was to accompany H.R. 2851, whose purpose is to provide for the orderly exploration and development of the Nation's onshore oil and gas resources. The Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs believes the problems that have plagued the federal onshore oil and gas leasing system can be addressed only through a comprehensive reform of the current program. The legislation seeks to address these problems by requiring that all lands available for leasing be first subjected to competitive leasing. A section-by-section analysis of the act, known as the Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 is presented. On September 23, 1987 the above committee passed H.R. 2851. In the dissenting views, summarized by Rep. Dick Cheney, 12 congressmen go on record as opposing H.R. 2851 and stating they will move the defeat the bill on the House Floor. Rather than reform, they feel the bill will cripple the system by making it too difficult to obtain a lease.

Not Available

1987-01-01

86

Campaign Finance Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1996 US election, which took in more than $260 million in soft money alone, was the most expensive in the nation's history. Long time advocates of campaign finance reform have rallied behind the revised McCain-Feingold proposal which, among other reforms, would ban soft money. However, recent Senate hearings have revealed that the bill does not have the necessary support to pass. The majority of Republican Senators, led by Mitch McConnell, who has pledged to filibuster if necessary, oppose the McCain-Feingold proposal. Recent comments by the Republican leadership in the House reveal that campaign finance reform, as it is currently envisaged, is unlikely to make progress in that chamber either. These sites provide a large number of informative and analytical pieces on campaign finance reform, written from viewpoints across the political spectrum.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

1997-01-01

87

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

Whereas, The United States of America acting through the Farmers Home Administration or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 (hereinafter called the “Government”) is the holder of the following-described instrument(s) executed by of County, State...

2010-01-01

88

In Egypt, Grand Plans Meet Harsh Realities: As the Government Prepares Reforms for Higher Education, Scholars Worry that Academic Freedom Will Not Improve  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite governmental efforts to reform higher education in Egypt, faculty and students are concerned that academic freedom will remain limited. This article discusses censorship, funding, overcrowding, corruption, and mismanagement in public Egyptian universities.

Zoepf, Katherine

2005-01-01

89

Welfare Reform. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the testimony and submissions presented at one of a series of hearings on welfare reform and reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The statement by Cynthia M. Fagnoni, managing director of education, workforce, and income security issues at the U.S. General Accounting Office, assesses…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

90

A Submission on Tax Reform from the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada to the Standing Committee of the House of Commons on Finance and Economic Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada's comments on Canada's 1987 White Paper on Tax Reform are presented. The comments relate primarily to five income tax issues: charitable giving to colleges and universities, faculty pensions, tuition, the reporting of tax deductions at source, and research and development efforts. For each…

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

91

Effects of housing policies on intra-urban inequality in transitioning China  

E-print Network

In the People's Republic of China, housing reform was launched in the 1980s as a component of the overall economic reform. In the 1990s, housing policies, privatization and subsidies combined, were found to contribute to ...

Xu, Yi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01

92

The Health Insurance Reform Debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This article provides an overview of the U.S. health care reform debate and legislation, with a focus on health insurance. Following a synopsis of the main problems that confront U.S. health care and insurance, it outlines the health care reform bills in the U.S. House and Senate as of early December 2009, including the key provisions for expanding and

Scott E. Harrington

2010-01-01

93

Federal Involvement in the Use of Behavior Modification Drugs on Grammar School Children of the Right to Privacy Inquiry. Hearing Before a Subcommittee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-First Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication consists of the contents of a hearing before a subcommittee of the committee on government operations of the United States House of Representatives. The hearing was conducted during the second session of the ninety-first congress in September of 1970. The primary purpose of this hearing was to investigate Federal responsibility in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House.

94

The University Libraries system on the CU-Boulder campus includes five branch libraries--Business, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Math/Physics, and Music--and Norlin Library, housing Archives, Government Publications, Special  

E-print Network

The University Libraries system on the CU-Boulder campus includes five branch libraries--Business, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Math/Physics, and Music--and Norlin Library, housing Archives, Government Publications, Special Collections, East Asian, and Science libraries. Reference and Instructional Services

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

95

Managing the Federal Direct Student Loan Program. Hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session (June 10, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The House Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations met to hear testimony from leaders in government and higher education on managing the federal direct student loan program. Focus was on the Department of Education's plans to correct existing management problems of the Guaranteed Student Loan Program and implement the…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

96

After Access: Canadian Education and Copyright Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the dramatic growth of the Internet in the 1990s, the Canadian government developed a well-regarded strategy for addressing the emerging issues posed by the "information highway." The strategy featured legal reforms to address privacy and e-commerce, administrative reforms for the government online initiative, and connectivity programs such…

Geist, Michael

2006-01-01

97

Fuel Cell/Reformers Technology Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA Glenn Research Center is interested in developing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell for use in aerospace applications. Solid oxide fuel cell requires hydrogen rich feed stream by converting commercial aviation jet fuel in a fuel processing process. The grantee's primary research activities center on designing and constructing a test facility for evaluating injector concepts to provide optimum feeds to fuel processor; collecting and analyzing literature information on fuel processing and desulfurization technologies; establishing industry and academic contacts in related areas; providing technical support to in-house SOFC-based system studies. Fuel processing is a chemical reaction process that requires efficient delivery of reactants to reactor beds for optimum performance, i.e., high conversion efficiency and maximum hydrogen production, and reliable continuous operation. Feed delivery and vaporization quality can be improved by applying NASA's expertise in combustor injector design. A 10 KWe injector rig has been designed, procured, and constructed to provide a tool to employ laser diagnostic capability to evaluate various injector concepts for fuel processing reactor feed delivery application. This injector rig facility is now undergoing mechanical and system check-out with an anticipated actual operation in July 2004. Multiple injector concepts including impinging jet, venturi mixing, discrete jet, will be tested and evaluated with actual fuel mixture compatible with reforming catalyst requirement. Research activities from September 2002 to the closing of this collaborative agreement have been in the following areas: compiling literature information on jet fuel reforming; conducting autothermal reforming catalyst screening; establishing contacts with other government agencies for collaborative research in jet fuel reforming and desulfurization; providing process design basis for the build-up of injector rig facility and individual injector design.

2004-01-01

98

Acquisition Management: Agencies Can Improve Training on New Initiatives. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy, Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study assessed strategies agencies use to ensure that their workforces are receiving the training necessary to implement acquisition initiatives. Focus was on the General Services Administration (GSA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and Department of Defense (DOD). Findings indicated that the critical elements important to…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

99

Health Care Reform: School-Based Health Centers Can Promote Access to Care. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined one method of delivering care to underserved children: school-based health centers (SBHCs). These centers, located on school grounds, can provide preventative, medical and mental health services to children of that school. Results of the study suggest that SBHCs do improve children's access to health care. SBHCs can help to…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.

100

Ocean dumping of radioactive waste off the Pacific Coast. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session, October 7, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Hearings of the Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, 96th Congress are reported. Analyses of health and environmental implications of dump sites in the Atlantic as well as the Pacific Ocean are presented. Statements are included from representatives of various federal agencies and from public interest groups such as Friends of the Earth, Project Tektite and the US Mussel Watch Committee. (JMT)

Not Available

1980-01-01

101

DUNCAN PRITCHARD Reforming Reformed Epistemology*  

E-print Network

DUNCAN PRITCHARD Reforming Reformed Epistemology* 0. Introduction There has been a renaissance of interest in the epistemology of religious belief over the last twenty years which has been largely inspired of religious epistemology is a rejection of the supposedly evidentialist assumptions which drive standard

Edinburgh, University of

102

76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic...Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform...NOFA) for the Rural Housing and Economic...INFORMATION: The Rural Housing and Economic...Affairs, Housing and Urban Development and...

2011-02-18

103

University of California, Davis Student Housing STUDENT HOUSING APARTMENT CONTRACT  

E-print Network

S am ple University of California, Davis Student Housing STUDENT HOUSING APARTMENT CONTRACT PART I: Joann Wilson, Residential Services Manager 160 Student Housing University of California, Davis One by reference, govern all University Students, as well as all state and federal laws. By reference

Hernes, Peter J.

104

The third sector, user involvement and public service reform: a case study in the co-governance of health service provision.  

PubMed

The ‘modernization’ of British public services seeks to broaden public sector governance networks, bringing the views of third sector organizations, the public and service users (among others) to the design, management and delivery of welfare. Building on previous analyses of the contradictions generated by these roles, this paper draws on longitudinal qualitative research to enunciate the challenges faced by one third-sector organization in facilitating service user influence in a UK National Health Service (NHS) pilot programme, alongside other roles in tension with this advocacy function. The analysis highlights limits in the extent to which lateral governance networks pluralize stakeholder involvement. The ‘framing’ of governance may mean that traditional concerns outweigh the views of new stakeholders such as the third sector and service users. Rather than prioritizing wider stakeholders' views in the design and delivery of public services, placing third sector organizations at the centre of governance networks may do more to co-opt these organizations in reproducing predominant priorities. PMID:22165150

Martin, Graham P

2011-01-01

105

Housing for Migrant Agricultural Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist the producer in meeting the housing regulations of Federal, state, and local governments for migratory workers and thereby to attract better labor through adequate housing, this agricultural handbook contains discussions of the migrant-labor situation; regulations and standards; general housing considerations (i.e., length of…

Simons, J. W.; And Others

106

Emerging Issues in Educational Reform in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses the demand-supply continuum to look at emerging reforms in the Japanese educational system. Data from fieldwork in major urban districts and their prefectures in Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo highlight demand-driven reform (higher education restructuring), integrated governance (mediating demand and supply at the K-12 levels), and ongoing…

Wong, Kenneth K.

2003-01-01

107

Distributed Leadership for ICT Reform in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines distributed leadership in Information Communication Technology reform in a government school in Singapore. The study adopts a naturalistic inquiry approach, drawing upon a case study of the aforementioned school for much of its data. The study found that leadership for Information Communication Technology reform is distributed…

Ng, David; Ho, Jeanne

2012-01-01

108

Education Sector Reform: The Ugandan Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1998 the Government of Uganda (GoU) began implementing an ambitious reform programme called the Education Strategic Investment Plan (ESIP) in order to effect Universal Primary Education (UPE). This paper offers a perspective on how the GoU has met the challenge of financing education reform, addressed the need to improve the quality of basic…

Penny, Alan; Ward, Michael; Read, Tony; Bines, Hazel

2008-01-01

109

Gender Politics in 21st Century Literacy Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 2001 to 2004 Education Queensland undertook significant literacy reform in schools through the Literate Futures Project. Research into the impact of this reform has revealed that significant demands were placed on women at all levels, from those producing resources to those leading change within schools. Although the reform was a government

Bishop, Kay

2013-01-01

110

Educational Change and the "Khalwa" in the Sudan: Reform Reformed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Sudan's New Educational Policy, a top-down educational reform plan promulgated by the Nimeiri Government during 1970-85. The plan attempted to increase enrollments dramatically and change a colonial British curriculum to a modern, authentically Sudanese curriculum. Fortunately, the plan ignored the Khalawi, alternative institutions that…

Lynch, Patrick D.; And Others

1992-01-01

111

Maastricht treaty: Consequences for national housing policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

European integration will have several effects on national housing policies. The major responsibility for policy formulation and policy implementation in housing will remain with national and local governments. Nevertheless, the Maastricht Treaty will have important implications for housing through several channels: factor mobility, competition policy and liberalisation of markets, economic growth, lower inflation, cuts in government spending, tax harmonisation and

Hugo Priemus; Mark Kleinman; Duncan Maclennan; Bengt Turner

1994-01-01

112

Slab reformer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

Spurrier, Francis R. (Inventor); DeZubay, Egon A. (Inventor); Murray, Alexander P. (Inventor); Vidt, Edward J. (Inventor)

1985-01-01

113

Slab reformer  

DOEpatents

Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

Spurrier, Francis R. (Whitehall, PA); DeZubay, Egon A. (Mt. Lebanon, PA); Murray, Alexander P. (Murrysville, PA); Vidt, Edward J. (Churchill, PA)

1985-03-12

114

Slab reformer  

DOEpatents

Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations are disclosed particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant. 14 figs.

Spurrier, F.R.; DeZubay, E.A.; Murray, A.P.; Vidt, E.J.

1984-02-07

115

Slab reformer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot comubstion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

Spurrier, Francis R. (Inventor); DeZubay, Egon A. (Inventor); Murray, Alexander P. (Inventor); Vidt, Edward J. (Inventor)

1984-01-01

116

The Role of Democratic Governing Bodies in South African Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School governance reform in post-apartheid South Africa aimed to democratize schooling while accommodating diverse school histories of underdevelopment or self-management. Analysis of relevant legislation shows the reform was structured to allow representative democracy and partnerships. But two recent studies suggest that governance reforms have…

Karlsson, Jenni

2002-01-01

117

Procurement: National Institute of Education's Procurement Practices. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Relations and Human Resources, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises the General Accounting Office's (GAO) report to the House Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Relations concerning the GAO's review of the contract awarding process of the National Institute of Education (NIE) for fiscal year 1983. The review focused on 39 of NIE's 52 newly negotiated procurement contracts; a sample of…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

118

What Do We Do about University Governance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a previous paper, this author argued that the present governance arrangements for UK universities and colleges, and in particular the preferred official model for governing bodies, were no longer fit for purpose (if indeed they ever were), and that some fundamental reforms were needed. This paper sets out some reform proposals. The author goes…

Brown, Roger

2011-01-01

119

Culture and Fashion in Reform Implementation: Perceptions and Adaptation of Management Reforms in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how two government-initiated reforms, result-oriented planning and quality assessment, were perceived by 43 department heads and faculty at Norwegian colleges and universities. While result-oriented planning was perceived as an unnecessary reform, causing high tension and having only symbolic effects, quality assessment was seen as valid,…

Stensaker, Bjorn

1998-01-01

120

Federal Employee Alcoholism Programs. Hearings Before a Subcommittee on Government Operations, House of Representative, Ninety-Fourth Congress, Second Session. June 25 and 28, 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication on Federal Employee Alcoholism Programs, printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations, contains hearings on Federal agency compliance with the Comprehensive Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Prevention, Treatment and Rehabilitation Act of 1970. (JLL)

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

121

University of Toronto Governing Council  

E-print Network

fiVO AR BO R VELUT University of Toronto Governing Council W eb C opy POLICY ON STUDENT HOUSING the academic and educational aims of the University community. To this end, student housing shall minimum standards on major issues in student housing shall be established across the University

Boonstra, Rudy

122

An investigation into the use of REITs to finance affordable housing in Mainland China  

E-print Network

Mainland China's system of affordable housing provides housing for low and medium income groups. Housing for sale and housing for rent give residents two choices and also give two choices for municipal governments to provide ...

Huang, Yuxuan, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01

123

Domestic violence, homelessness and housing: the response of housing providers in Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the impact of changes in government housing policy on the availability of refuge and move-on accommodation for women and children escaping domestic violence. The residualisation of council housing and the greater involvement of housing associ ations in the provision of social housing is discussed in the context of refuge provision in Wales. Refuge provision in partnership with

Nickie Charles

1994-01-01

124

Federal Information Dissemination Policies and Practices: Hearings before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives. One Hundred First Congress, First Session, April 18, May 23, and July 11, 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three hearings were held in order to conduct a comprehensive review of the issues, problems, and activities affecting the public availability of government information. It is noted that new information technologies, particularly electronic formats and telecommunications, are forcing the reconsideration of the flow of information from the Federal…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

125

Postsecondary Education Reform in Kentucky. Issue Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As governors and states seek to improve the responsiveness of postsecondary education, Kentucky's experience provides a powerful example of a systemic reform strategy. In 1997, Kentucky's governor proposed, and the General Assembly approved, the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act (House Bill 1), which reshaped the state system of public…

Rabuzzi, Daniel A.; Carson, Ron

126

Reforming the Military Health Care System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Serious problems beset the military's extensive system of health care: rising budgetary costs, dissatisfaction among its beneficiaries, and inadequate readiness for war. This report was written at the request of the House Committee on Armed Services to examine some of these issues. It looks at a range of possible reforms in the military health…

Slackman, Joel

127

Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

128

Physician payments under health care reform.  

PubMed

This study examines the impact of major health insurance reform on payments made in the health care sector. We study the prices of services paid to physicians in the privately insured market during the Massachusetts health care reform. The reform increased the number of insured individuals as well as introduced an online marketplace where insurers compete. We estimate that, over the reform period, physician payments increased at least 11 percentage points relative to control areas. Payment increases began around the time legislation passed the House and Senate-the period in which their was a high probability of the bill eventually becoming law. This result is consistent with fixed-duration payment contracts being negotiated in anticipation of future demand and competition. PMID:25497755

Dunn, Abe; Shapiro, Adam Hale

2015-01-01

129

What policies and policy processes are needed to ensure that people with psychiatric disabilities have access to appropriate housing?  

PubMed

This paper uses data from a South Australian case study of a period of mental health reform (2000-2005) to answer the question of how different policy networks set agenda and implement policy to ensure that people with psychiatric disabilities have access to appropriate housing. Qualitative methods were used, including interviews (n = 31) and focus groups (n = 8) with non-government organisations (NGOs), consumers and carers and professionals from health, disability and housing sectors, and participant observation with South Australian NGOs (n = 52). These data were supported by a thematic analysis of national and State (i.e. South Australian) policies in mental health and housing sectors. The research indicated that, despite a number of 'inter-sectoral projects' and regional networks, the health and housing sectors were essentially separate policy systems with little integration. It also concluded that the absence of strategic integration across sectors leads to inadequate housing for people with a psychiatric disability. Research participants considered the need for better collaboration secondary to the need for additional housing and support resources and political commitment to such resources. A number of barriers and enablers to policy agenda setting and collaboration were identified. The paper concludes with a discussion of policy and policy processes which will support housing outcomes for people with psychiatric disability. PMID:20116916

Battams, Samantha; Baum, Fran

2010-04-01

130

Synthetic Fuels Corporation oversight. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, first session February 19, 1981  

SciTech Connect

John McAtee, Jr., General Counsel for the Synthetic Fuels Corporation (SFC), was the principal witness at a February 19, 1981 hearing to review whether the SFC is following Congressional intent. Evidence from preliminary monitoring indicates that the SFC has already deviated in the areas of salaries and fringe benefits, compliance with public meeting requirements, responses to the Ethics in Government Act, the handling of patent rights and small business involvement, and the financial support of synfuel commercialization. Mr. McAtee and other representative of SFC responded to these concerns in their statements and with other materials submitted for the record. (DCK)

Not Available

1981-01-01

131

Welfare Reform: An Examination of Effects. Hearing before the Subcommittee on 21st Century Competitiveness of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (September 20, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Congressional report contains the testimony and documents presented for the record of the first of two hearings to gather testimony on the effects of welfare reform and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. The oral and written testimony focuses on TANF legislation's outcomes and impact on work and families in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

132

Hearing on the Impact of Health Care Reform on Schools. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Select Education and Civil Rights of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearing transcripts present testimony concerning the impact of proposed health care reforms on American elementary and secondary schools. The hearing focused on how the proposed Health Security Act would affect and benefit schools and how American schools can assist in realizing the objectives of the Act. Much of the testimony was presented…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

133

Reforming Again: Now Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Educational reform responds to local and national pressures to improve educational outcomes, and reform efforts cycle as similar pressures recur. Currently, reform efforts focus on teachers, even though confidence in a host of American social institutions is dropping. One of the most widespread reforms regarding teachers is the…

Marx, Ronald W.

2014-01-01

134

New Public Management in Educational Reform in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article focuses on the similarities and differences in using new public management (NPM) administrative arrangements in educational policy as they have been presented in the educational reform process carried out this millennium by two governments in Norway: the Centre-Conservative government and the current Red-Green coalition government.…

Solhaug, Trond

2011-01-01

135

Governing Public Universities in Arab Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditionally in Arab public universities, presidents are appointed by government authorities. Recently, in uprising Arab countries universities' presidents have been elected by universities' faculty members. Neither traditional nor self-governance pattern succeeded to modernise Arab universities. Reforming patterns of governance is…

ElObeidy, Ahmed A.

2014-01-01

136

Corporate Governance and Shareholder Value Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In corporate governance today, there is a lot of emphasis on structural reform. Individual aspects of the board have increasingly been the focus of policy reform and shareholder activism. Specific attributes of board structure like the separation of the posts of chairperson and the CEO, percentage of outside directors on the board, etc., have become important considerations in the quest

Rajeeva Sinha

2006-01-01

137

Fantasies of Empowerment: Mapping Neoliberal Discourse in the Coalition Government's Schools Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The swift nature of school reform enacted by the new Conservative-led coalition government has sparked debate over the future of state education in Britain. While the government rhetoric suggests a decisive break with past policies, there is evidence to suggest that these reforms constitute the next stage of a long revolution in education reform,…

Wright, Adam

2012-01-01

138

Setting Things Right? Swedish Upper Secondary School Reform in a 40-Year Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses reforms addressing and affecting the curriculum and organisation of Swedish upper secondary education over 40 years, up to an initiative by the present non-socialist government. The aim is to analyse the current reform of upper secondary education and relate it to previous reforms during a 40-year period in terms of…

Lundahl, Lisbeth; Arreman, Inger Erixon; Lundstrom, Ulf; Ronnberg, Linda

2010-01-01

139

Ten Years of Reform in Primary Mathematics Education in England: A Review of Effectiveness. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The UK National Audit Office (NAO) commissioned RAND Europe to look at the evidence showing the effectiveness of reform of mathematics teaching in primary schools in England. This study looked at government-sponsored evaluations of mathematics reform in England, independent evaluations of the educational outcomes of mathematics reforms in England,…

Vollaard, Ben A.; Rabinovich, Lila; Bowman, Richard; van Stolk, Christian

2008-01-01

140

Health Reform.online: Health Sector Reform, Health Economics and Sustainable Financing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank's Economic Development Institute has recently developed Health Reform.online to provide distance education opportunities for those interested in "health sector reform, health economics or sustainable financing." The site will house educational modules based on EDI's Health Sector Reform and Sustainable Financing training program. The first module, "Introduction to the concepts and analytical tools of health sector reform and financing," includes lessons, case studies, interactive exercises, suggested readings, an extensive glossary, and a course outline. Future EDI training opportunities will be announced at the site. A Library section allows browsing and searching of abstracts or the full-text of over 500,000 pages of World Bank health documents on health projects in developing countries. Note, to view the full-text documents, users will need to download the Prizm plug-in, available at the site. EDI plans to add links to regional partner institute Websites and courses, in the future.

1998-01-01

141

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

142

Social housing: new demand, new tools : Affordable finance for affordable housing through real estate ethical funds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In light of growing concerns on the scale of the housing affordability problem in Italy, and of the government's response in the form of a new Housing Plan, the purpose of this paper is to ask whether such new policy is a coherent and adequate strategy to address the alleged housing problems. In order to answer this core

Luisa Ingaramo; Stefania Sabatino

2011-01-01

143

Financial market lobbies and pension reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a model in which firms in the financial market lobby the government to lower compulsory contributions to the public pension system. Firms lobby in order to increase demand from households for their old-age savings products. We conclude with a comparison of two major pension reforms in Europe exemplifying the influence of financial market lobbies on pension policies.

Achim Kemmerling; Michael Neugart

2009-01-01

144

The Far Side of Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Teachers are at the far end of educational reform." Apart from students and parents, they are often the very last to be consulted about and connected to agendas of what changes are needed in education, and of how those changes should be managed. Educational change is something that government departments, venture philanthropists,…

Hargreaves, Andy; Shirley, Dennis

2011-01-01

145

Reforming Ontario Early Learning: A Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Herein, we address the reformation of Ontario early learning. Over the next 3 years, all 4- and 5-year-olds in Ontario (Canada) will be able to attend full-day early learning with child care, before and after school provided by the Government of Ontario Ministry of Education. The benefits of such a change are both academic and societal and are…

Ryan, Thomas; Date, Gavin

2014-01-01

146

The Faculty's Role in Reforming College Sports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Last fall, the author addressed the AAUP's 2003 governance conference about a faculty-led initiative to reform college sports. The Coalition on Intercollegiate Athletics (COIA) grew out of a meeting one afternoon in the student union at the University of Oregon among a few senior professors who had recently been appointed to the faculty senate.…

Earl, James W.

2004-01-01

147

AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY  

EPA Science Inventory

The American Housing Survey (AHS) collects data on the Nation's housing, including apartments, single-family homes, mobile homes, vacant housing units, household characteristics, income, housing and neighborhood quality, housing costs, equipment and fuels, size of housing unit, a...

148

Marie Russo: An Oral History of the Italian Settlement House  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Settlement House Movement in the United States was a response by progressive reformers to meet the needs of urban poor and immigrant families in the early years of the 20th century. Some settlements were outreach services of churches. There are limited accounts of the experiences of the individuals who used the settlement houses. This study…

Beard, Kathryn H.

2010-01-01

149

Reform before NCLB  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author compared NCLB-prompted standards-based reforms with earlier reforms and found that earlier manifestations of standards-based reforms may have been more productive and constructive. NCLB, with its emphasis on accountability through high-stakes testing, has produced many perverse results alongside documented achievement gains, the author…

Desimone, Laura M.

2013-01-01

150

ALBANIA'S RADICAL AGRARIAN REFORM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The agrarian reform in Albania included free distribution of land to rural households and the complete break up of the former collective and state farms. These key features of the Albanian reform are in sharp contrast with other Central and Eastern European countries. Our paper explains the choice of the Albanian agricultural privatization and land reform process and the radical

Azeta Cungu; Johan F. M. Swinnen

1998-01-01

151

Governance of Governance in Higher Education: Practices and Lessons Drawn from the Portuguese Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of the governance reform of Portuguese higher education has been developed under the influence of "new public management" resulting in the loss of collegial governance. Additionally, the need for meta-governance of the higher education system and institutions to monitor institutional performance against policy…

Magalhaes, Antonio; Veiga, Amelia; Amaral, Alberto; Sousa, Sofia; Ribeiro, Filipa

2013-01-01

152

In search of an affordable housing system for Shanghai, China  

E-print Network

In 1998, the Chinese government abandoned the danwei ("work-unit") housing allocation system and fully privatized the housing market. Since then, the residential price has never stopped increasing despite the past financial ...

Sun, Linyun

2011-01-01

153

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

154

Solar House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students work in teams to design and build a model of a solar house after researching several websites. Students will discover that a solar house takes advantage of solar energy to minimize the use of traditional energy sources and can include design elements that take advantage of the sun's rays to light and heat the house, to heat water, and to set up a favorable flow of air. They also learn that many solar houses contain a solar mass that will absorb the heat during the day and release it slowly at night and a passive solar house will also take into account the angle of the sun's rays, to maximize heating during the winter and shade during the summer. This site contains all of the specifications for planning, building, and testing the model and a rubric for grading the project.

Wendy Van Norden

155

City Botanical Gardens Parliament House  

E-print Network

No City Botanical Gardens Parliament House R I V E R S I D E B I C Y C L E PAT H TEERTSECILA EGDIRBLLIWDOOG Registrar's Garden to River Stage R I VE R S I D E E X P R E S S W AY KENNEDY WAY NORMAN WAY MUSGRAVELANE BLACKALLLANE MACGREGORLANE LAMINGTON DRIVE GARDENS POINT ROAD Old Government House Podium QUT Art

Mayer, Wolfgang

156

Houses of the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If one were to showcase new housing technologies and innovative designs in Australia, it wouldn't be a bad idea to place such an exhibit next to one of the most instantly recognizable structures in the world. Well, that is precisely what the Australian government (in collaboration with private industry groups) did when they placed this remarkable "Houses of the Future" exhibition next to the Sydney Opera House. While the exhibit has since moved on to a new location, visitors who are curious about the future of the built environment (particularly in terms of domestic architecture and construction) will enjoy this interactive website. The website features six homes that are part of a "new generation of prefabricated dwellings emerging around the globe". The requirements for each new housing type were that they be prefabricated for easy transportation, environmentally sustainable, designed by an architect, and "futuristic in appearance and use of domestic space". On the site, visitors may look within each house, all the while learning about each structure's historical precedents, environmental features, and of course, its architects. For those interested in the potential of domestic architecture, this website will be quite a treat.

157

Boom and bust: housing equity withdrawal and consumption decisions and their impacts on household wealth.  

PubMed

The authors examine whether the surge in housing refinance and equity withdrawal generated by the housing boom disproportionately affected older households in terms of decisions on whether to refinance, whether to withdraw equity, and how much to withdraw, and how in turn these decisions affected their household wealth. Using the Federal Reserve's Survey of Consumer Finances, the authors found the highest rates of refinancing and cashing out equity among older (although not necessarily the oldest) households. The authors also found that appreciation in house value, being a baby boomer, and having higher household income were the factors that most increased the probability of refinancing and withdrawing equity. Amounts cashed out were higher among older than among younger households. Ordinary least squares (OLS) estimates showed that amounts withdrawn were increased by price appreciation, financial assets, and income, along with being a "pre-boomer" or "early boomer." Older cohorts displayed larger wealth effects than younger ones, but their withdrawn equity was a smaller percentage of total net worth. A relatively small percentage of respondents' dollars was used for consumption, and most dollars were used for home improvement, other investment, or debt repayment. However, massive equity withdrawal and the subsequent collapse of housing prices have caused housing leverage to soar, putting some homeowners "underwater" and jeopardizing others' retirement preparedness. The ensuing housing finance crisis raises numerous policy issues, from reform of mortgage underwriting, securitization, servicing, and foreclosure procedures, to potential limitations on borrowing against unrealized housing equity gains, to enhanced government transfers for distressed older homeowners, to local and state revenue policy changes. PMID:22239279

Gist, John R; Figueiredo, Carlos; Verma, Satyendra K

2012-01-01

158

The research about the price-limited housing existence conditions in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

To stabilize the house price and guarantee the housing need of the medium income group, our government has put forward the price-limited housing policy. However, in various areas it arouses the controversy on the execution of the policy. Based on a systematic analysis about the welfare among the government, the developer and the house purchaser in the construction process of

Guo Bin; Jiang Hongwei

2009-01-01

159

Women's housing conditions in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

This news article describes women's housing conditions, housing policy, and pilot programs to house poor women in Bangladesh. Although Bangladesh has a constitution that reinforces the equal status of women, in practice, men dominate and patrilineal customs determine inheritance and property rights. Religious affiliation also determines land tenure and inheritance. Muslim women can inherit 12.5% of their husband's property if there are children. 25% is inherited if wives are without children. Hindu women without sons can inherit their husband's property, but not parental property. Many families refuse to release property to women without a fight. Women, regardless of ownership of land, rarely control or use their land. The custom of requiring men to maintain wives during the marriage, and daughters until marriage, creates obstacles to women's decision making about property. Without collateral and other security women are unable to secure bank loans. Many women are also constrained by the requirement of male consent or guarantees for bank transactions. Banks do not have a gender responsive criteria for selecting loan recipients. The government does not provide sufficient housing to satisfy the growing housing needs due to population growth. Some housing is available from slum landlords. A National Housing Policy was formulated in 1993. Priority would be given to the housing needs of low income women in urban areas and women-headed households with income below the poverty line. The policy does not address the underlying factors that prevent equal access to housing for women. The government prepared a Human Settlement and Urban Development proposal for the Habitat II conference. The plan did not address gender issues. Special efforts are being made by nongovernmental groups to meet the housing needs of professional women and for some disadvantaged women. PMID:12347277

Shefali, M K

1996-01-01

160

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

161

House Warming  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

Television, Twin C.

2013-01-01

162

Arctic house  

E-print Network

Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

1999-01-01

163

H. R. 4255: This Act may be cited as the Wetlands Reform Act of 1992, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, February 19, 1992  

SciTech Connect

This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on February 19, 1992 to amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act for the protection of wetlands. One of the key elements of the bill revolves around the expansion of scope and clarification of the permit program and its effects on wetlands. Additional sections address the following: exemptions for agriculture and other activities; rulemaking on prior converted wetlands; citizen suits amendments; improvement of administration of wetlands permitting; study of wetlands delineation; and wetlands restoration pilot program.

Not Available

1992-01-01

164

State and Local Governments: Fiscal Pressures Could Have Implications for Future Delivery of Intergovernmental Programs. Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on the Budget, House of Representatives. GAO-10-899  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State and local governments work in partnership with the federal government to implement numerous intergovernmental programs. Fiscal pressures for state and local governments may exist when spending is expected to outpace revenues for the long term. GAO (Government Accountability Office) was asked to examine (1) the long-term fiscal pressures…

Czerwinski, Stanley J.

2010-01-01

165

"Governance" or "Governing"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on four perspectives on power and its exercise in organizations to analyze the practice of governing colleges and universities. The exploration uses political theories (particularly those assessing the legitimacy and effectiveness of stable political entities), leadership studies, analyses of how formal and informal organizations…

Leslie, David

166

Brave new world: Higher education reform in Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways, affect university governance arrangements, and alter the relationship

Timo Aarrevaara; Ian R. Dobson; Camilla Elander

2009-01-01

167

The Reform Agenda for Madrasah Education in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As governments in many countries review their education systems to optimise their human capital in an age of globalisation, religious schools such as madrasahs (Islamic or Muslim schools) have also come under state scrutiny. This article examines the Singapore government's reform agenda for madrasah education in the country. It argues that the…

Tan, Charlene

2009-01-01

168

U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

169

Estimation of Housing Prices by Fuzzy Regression and Artificial Neural Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in housing prices concern both individuals and government since they have substantial influence on the socio-economic conditions. Valuations of housing are necessary in order to assess the benefit and liabilities in housing section. The housing price in Iran is based on eight economic indices. The study of trends in housing price has been made by considering the related seasonal

Reza Ghodsi; Abtin Boostani; Farshid Faghihi

2010-01-01

170

Public Housing in the United States: Using Sustainable Urbanism to Combat Social Exclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States government has taken steps to assure underprivileged citizens housing in the form of public housing through the Department of Housing and Urban Development, as well as various humanitarian programs in the form of homeless shelters. Yet, all housing is not equal. Our freedom to choose where we live and what type of house we live in is

Jasmine L. Edo

2012-01-01

171

New urban housing in Seoul, Korea  

E-print Network

For the last three decades, the capital city of Korea, Seoul, has experienced an explosive increase in population and rapid urbanization. This increase has led to a severe housing shortage in Seoul. The government responded ...

Lee, Kwanghyun, 1971-

2001-01-01

172

The macroeconomics of pension reform: The case of severance pay reform in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last two decades Italy implemented a number of reforms of the public pay-as-you-go (PAYG) scheme that curtailed future pensions. Governments therefore felt the need to increase the number of workers contributing to fully funded (FF) schemes to offset the expected fall in public pensions. In the private sector an existing saving fund, the severance pay scheme (Trattamento di

Sergio Cesaratto

2011-01-01

173

Meeting Five Critical Challenges of High School Reform. Lessons from Research on Three Reform Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school reform has moved to the top of the education policy agenda, commanding the attention of the federal government, governors, urban school superintendents, philanthropists, and the general public. All are alarmed by stubbornly high dropout rates, by the low academic achievement of many high school students, and by the large numbers of…

Quint, Janet

2006-01-01

174

Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

175

Drug Testing in Schools: An Effective Deterrent? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (May 30, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents testimonies from a hearing discussing the drug threat in the nations schools and the issue of whether drug testing is an effective deterrent. The subcommittee conducted the hearing as part of an effort to fully understand the nations drug crisis, how it impacts different parts of our nation, and what effective drug control…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

176

Maintaining a Level Playing Field for DC Graduates: Legislation to Reauthorize the DC College Access Act. Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eighth Congress, Second Session (March 25, 2004) Serial No. 108-172  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing was convened to discuss the reauthorization of the District of Columbia Tuition Assistance Grant Program. The purpose of the hearing was to highlight the tremendous impact the tuition assistance program has had on promoting higher education for high school graduates in the Nation's Capital. The original aim of the program in 1999 was…

US House of Representatives, 2004

2004-01-01

177

D.C. Public School 1997 Repair Program and Facilities Master Plan. Hearing before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives. One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Congressional hearing dealt with issues related to the repair program and facilities master plan of the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS). Opening remarks by Representative Thomas M. Davis outlined his concern over the delayed opening of the DCPS in the fall of 1997 because of uncompleted roof repairs, and the results from a performance…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

178

Underage Drinking: Information on Federal Funds Targeted at Prevention. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources, House Committee on Government Reform, and to Representative John L. Mica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a project undertaken to identify the nature and extent of Federal efforts related to the prevention of underage drinking to assist Congress in its deliberations on whether additional attention to alcohol use is needed. The report specifically aims to identify the amount of appropriated fiscal year 2000 Federal funds that…

Stana, Richard M.

179

Department of Education's Student Loan Programs: Are Tax Dollars at Risk? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing was held to consider whether the student loan programs of the Department of Education place tax dollars at risk. In his opening remarks, Representative John L. Mica (Florida) pointed out that for nearly 10 years, the U.S. General Accounting Office has labeled these programs as a high risk for fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement. In…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

180

Anabolic Steroid Use: Federal Efforts to Prevent and Reduce Anabolic Steroid Abuse among Teenagers. Report to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-08-15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The abuse of anabolic steroids by teenagers--that is, their use without a prescription--is a health concern. Anabolic steroids are synthetic forms of the hormone testosterone that can be taken orally, injected, or rubbed on the skin. Although a 2006 survey funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) found that less than 3 percent of 12th…

Government Accountability Office, 2007

2007-01-01

181

The 1977 reform of Argentina´s financial system as an essential step for the implementation of the neoliberal model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work analyzes the Argentinean financial system reform of 1977. Through this reform the militar government deepened the structural change that they have already started with the Coup D´etat in March 1976. The new scheme benefited strongly Capital in the functional income distribution, though going against the participation of Labor and workers The reform, implemented in 1977, was essential within

Federico Marongiu

2007-01-01

182

The Keys to the White House  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Keys to the White House is a historically-based system for predicting the result of the popular vote in American presidential elections. The Keys system tracks the big picture of how well the party holding the White House has governed and does not shift with events of the campaign. This model gives specificity to the idea that it is…

Lichtman, Allan J.

2012-01-01

183

Housing Policies in China: Issues and Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article consists in three parts. The first part deals with theory. We evaluate the pros and cons of government involvement in urban housing and of renting versus ownership. In the second part, we summarize the different housing policies that have been implemented in the United States, Europe, and Asia. We draw some conclusions. In particular, we show that there

Yves Zenou

2010-01-01

184

Housing Policies in China: Issues and Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article consists in three parts. The first part deals with theory. We evaluate the pros and cons of government involvement in urban housing and of renting versus ownership. In the second part, we summarize the different housing policies that have been implemented in the United States, Europe, and Asia. We draw some conclusions. In particular, we show that there

Yves Zenou

2011-01-01

185

Jane Addams Hull House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Windy Cityâ≢s West Side, the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum serves as "a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams." Addams was the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and she worked to transform the lives of immigrants and others through her social service work. Visitors to the site can look through four primary areas: Home, Learn, Program & Events, and Museum. These formal areas contain key materials about the House's activities, and visitors should also look through over areas like Stories as Resistance, How Do We Build Peace and Create More Justice in Chicago?, and Chicago Amplified. One key area is Immigrant City-Chicago, which brings together 94 works that respond to the topic of immigration. Visitors can view poems and works of art around themes such as Our Home and Solidarity. Additionally, the site also contains the Women's History Bus Tour, which is a pdf guidebook that focuses on "women's imprint on the social fabric and life found on the Near West Side and in Pilsen."

186

Root Causes of the Housing Bubble  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter we investigate root causes of the recent US housing bubble which has been caused a serious downturn in US economic growth since autumn of 2008. We propose a simple model of housing markets in order to indicate the possible determinants of recent housing prices. Utilizing the model, we verify a number of hypotheses which have been proposed in the recent literature on the housing bubbles. We suggest that the main causes of the housing bubble from 2000 to 2006 are (1) non-elastic housing supply in the metropolitan areas, and (2) declines in the mortgage loan rate and the housing premium by the massive mortgage credit expansion. We also suggest that these factors were strongly influenced by policies that governments and the Federal Reserve Board performed.

Kaizoji, Taisei

187

Reforms as experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contends that programs of social reform are not effectively assessed. This article is a preliminary effort in examining the sources of this condition and designing ways of overcoming the difficulties. The political setting of program evaluation is also considered. It is concluded that trapped and experimental administrators are not threatened by a hard-headed analysis of the reform. For such, proper

Donald T. Campbell

1969-01-01

188

Educational Reform in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are a number of reform initiatives underway in Turkey but some of these, which are concerned with curricular and structural changes, have encountered serious difficulties. This paper begins with a brief summary of school effectiveness and school improvement research guiding many educational reforms. It then gives some information about…

Aksit, Necmi

2007-01-01

189

Thinking about Tax Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing pre-college teachers with an analysis of tax reform is the primary goal of this publication. The present tax system is both inefficient and inequitable. Three goals of tax reform proposals are detailed: (1) fairness--the dimensions of horizontal equity, or equal treatment of equals however defined, and vertical equity, reflecting the…

Boskin, Michael J.

1985-01-01

190

Learning from School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asserts that creating successful school reform can be difficult. The first part discusses the concept of school culture to explain challenges to school reform, examining why existing school culture is necessary for a smoothly functioning and stable school but an obstacle to educational change and noting that attempts to transform school…

Levin, Henry M.

191

Reforming Science: Methodological and Cultural Reforms  

PubMed Central

Contemporary science has brought about technological advances and an unprecedented understanding of the natural world. However, there are signs of dysfunction in the scientific community as well as threats from diverse antiscience and political forces. Incentives in the current system place scientists under tremendous stress, discourage cooperation, encourage poor scientific practices, and deter new talent from entering the field. It is time for a discussion of how the scientific enterprise can be reformed to become more effective and robust. Serious reform will require more consistent methodological rigor and a transformation of the current hypercompetitive scientific culture. PMID:22184414

Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C.

2012-01-01

192

Affordable housing  

SciTech Connect

This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

Not Available

1989-01-01

193

Housing Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

Schmalz, Georgann

1985-01-01

194

Kids and Cafeterias: How Safe are Federal School Lunches? Joint Hearing before the Committee of Government Management, Restructuring, and the District of Columbia Subcommittee of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate and the Subcommittee on Government Efficiency, Financial Management, and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting the significant increase since 1990 in food-borne illnesses affecting school children, these hearings transcripts provide testimony on the safety of federal school lunches. Statements by Senator Richard Durbin and Representatives Stephen Horn, Janice Schakowsky, and Carolyn Maloney emphasized the array of federal agencies with various food…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.

195

24 CFR 903.4 - What are the public housing agency plans?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...authority in accordance with section 106 of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act of 1989 (42 U.S.C. 3535(q)) where the Secretary determines that such waiver is necessary for the effective implementation of this...

2010-04-01

196

On the Road to Reform: A Sociocultural Interpretation of Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I discuss how reform in science education is interpreted by Barma as she recounts the story of Catherine, a grade 9 biology teacher, who reforms her teaching practices in response to a national curriculum reform in Quebec, Canada. Unlike some cases in response to reform, this case is hopeful and positive. Also in this paper, I…

Mensah, Felicia Moore

2011-01-01

197

Tax reform may slow cogeneration development  

SciTech Connect

A House tax reform proposal eliminates the 10% investment tax credit for the construction of cogeneration facilities and accelerated depreciation schedules will slow the development of cogeneration. Under current law, cogenerators pay about 53 cents on every dollar invested, but the proposal would change this to 81 to 83 cents on the dollar invested. It also extends the current 5-year depreciation to 20-25 years. The cogeneration industry will lobby to restore some of the incentives as the bill moves through Congress, but substantive changes are more likely to occur in the Senate. Final tax reform legislation is not expected before mid-1986. Two other elements of the bill, a cut in corporate tax rates and changes in taxes on industrial development bonds for private purposes, could also damage cogeneration projects. The proposal calls for a transition period. A table compares the proposal with current law and the Reagan plan.

Barber, J.

1985-12-02

198

Elections, Voting, and Democracy in Local School District Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the role of school board elections in local school governance. The article argues that the history of school governance including many current reforms such as mayoral takeovers, state intervention, and various market driven models tell a story of decreasing public voice in local educational affairs. The article further argues that the current lack of faith in government

Abe Feuerstein

2002-01-01

199

Supervision in "Modern" University Governance: Boards under Scrutiny  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One element of the recent reforms of higher education sectors across Europe is the formation of new governance structures in universities. Supervisory boards are part of these reform processes. However, despite the importance of these boards, surprisingly little is known about their actual work. This article discusses the situation of boards in…

de Boer, Harry; Huisman, Jeroen; Meister-Scheytt, Claudia

2010-01-01

200

Government Employment and Pay: A Global and Regional Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

May 1997An honest and competent civil service is essential for public sector efficiency and economic development. As a complex institutional challenge, civil service reform is worth doing only if it is done well. But even when circumstances are not ripe for genuine reform, governments and development institutions should keep a \\

Salvatore Schiavo-Campo; Giulio de Tommaso; Amitabha Mukherjee

1999-01-01

201

Smart Houses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

1987-01-01

202

Catalytic reforming methods  

DOEpatents

A catalytic reforming method is disclosed herein. The method includes sequentially supplying a plurality of feedstocks of variable compositions to a reformer. The method further includes adding a respective predetermined co-reactant to each of the plurality of feedstocks to obtain a substantially constant output from the reformer for the plurality of feedstocks. The respective predetermined co-reactant is based on a C/H/O atomic composition for a respective one of the plurality of feedstocks and a predetermined C/H/O atomic composition for the substantially constant output.

Tadd, Andrew R; Schwank, Johannes

2013-05-14

203

76 FR 31300 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...two resolutions honoring employees for their service, consider a resolution to award and present David Burke Distinguished Journalism Awards, and receive and consider a report from the Governance Committee regarding reforming the Agency's management...

2011-05-31

204

Housing services Zinfandel Hall  

E-print Network

Housing services Zinfandel Hall (707) 664-2541 Fax: (707) 664-4158 e-mail: ssu.housing@sonoma.edu www.sonoma.edu/housing On-Campus Housing The Residential Community provides comfortable, convenient in the local area. This listing can be found online at www.sonoma.edu/housing, and includes rental houses

Ravikumar, B.

205

Abortion law reform in Nepal.  

PubMed

Across four decades of political and social action, Nepal changed from a country strongly enforcing oppressive abortion restrictions, causing many poor women's long imprisonment and high rates of abortion-related maternal mortality, into a modern democracy with a liberal abortion law. The medical and public health communities supported women's rights activists in invoking legal principles of equality and non-discrimination as a basis for change. Legislative reform of the criminal ban in 2002 and the adoption of an Interim Constitution recognizing women's reproductive rights as fundamental rights in 2007 inspired the Supreme Court in 2009 to rule that denial of women's access to abortion services because of poverty violated their constitutional rights. The government must now provide services under criteria for access without charge, and services must be decentralized to promote equitable access. A strong legal foundation now exists for progress in social justice to broaden abortion access and reduce abortion stigma. PMID:24890742

Upreti, Melissa

2014-08-01

206

A Legitimate Paradox: Neo-liberal Reform and the Return of the State in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the neo-liberal reforms that the Kim government implemented in post-crisis Korea. It argues that by embracing the reforms, the state, paradoxically, re-legitimised itself in the national political economy. The process of enacting the reforms completed the power shift from a collusive state-chaebol alliance towards a new alliance based on a more populist social contract - but one

David Hundt

2005-01-01

207

The politics of privatisation, decentralisation and education reform in Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reform in the Mexican education system accords with global patterns of liberalisation, decentralisation, compensatory programs and accountability. The present study analyses reform in that country during the past 15 years. It reveals that despite expectations of change attending the installation of the new government which replaced the ruling party dominant for 70 years, there has been far more continuity than change in educational politics. It also shows that these have been constrained by the militant and powerful National Teachers' Union. Although the new government has achieved some progress in equity and management, the quality of education can be seen to remain inferior.

Ornelas, Carlos

2004-07-01

208

Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987  

SciTech Connect

This book was designed for persons who lease federal lands for oil and gas development and who require an understanding of both the current and historic laws relating to leasing. The manual from this workshop is useful as a reference tool for attorneys, landsmen, and others who require information on the original Mineral Leasing Act of 1920 and all subsequent amendments, including the Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987 and selected legislative history. Included in this manual is a lengthy discussion of the Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act, along with a reference section containing full text of: Mineral Leasing Act of February 25, 1920, with all amendments including the Federal Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing Reform Act of 1987, comprehensively footnoted with subject notations and comments; Senate Report 100-188: Committee Report on Leasing Reform Act; House Report 100-495: Joint Explanatory Statement on Leasing Reform Act; Testimony of the Independent Petroleum Association of Mountain States to House Interior Subcommittee on Mining and Natural Resources.

Not Available

1988-01-01

209

NETL - Fuel Reforming Facilities  

SciTech Connect

Research using NETL's Fuel Reforming Facilities explores catalytic issues inherent in fossil-energy related applications, including catalyst synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, catalyst activity and selectivity, catalyst deactivation, and stability.

None

2013-06-12

210

High School Science Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Scope, Sequence, and Coordination (SS&C) reform movement. Points out the limited science opportunities for minority students in traditional high school settings. First published in 1995. (YDS)

Aldridge, Bill G.

2000-01-01

211

Blueprints for Reform: Assessment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Blueprints for Reform is a summation of reports offering teachers, parents, policymakers, business leaders, and others a starting point for their exploration of the education system and its response to reform. This chapter looks at how student assessment in American schools might be redesigned to match the goals of science education reform put forth in that are exemplified in efforts such as Project 2061's Benchmarks for Science Literacy. It is divided into three sections that describe current assessment practice in the United States, suggest changes that are needed in order for science reform goals to be implemented, and explore possibilities and recommendations for closing the gap between current practice and a more ideal vision of science assessment.

212

NETL - Fuel Reforming Facilities  

ScienceCinema

Research using NETL's Fuel Reforming Facilities explores catalytic issues inherent in fossil-energy related applications, including catalyst synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, catalyst activity and selectivity, catalyst deactivation, and stability.

None

2014-06-27

213

2014 Summer Housing Summer Housing dates  

E-print Network

2014 Summer Housing FACT SHEET Summer Housing dates: May 19, 2014 ­ August 9, 2014 "Rochester Shines in the Summer Time" Please read all of the information thoroughly. Once signed, your housing contract is binding. *We will begin accepting Summer Housing contracts Monday, April 7, 2014 GENERAL

Mahon, Bradford Z.

214

Reforming the World Bank: From Social-Liberalism to Neo-Liberalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an analytics of government perspective, it is argued that neo-liberalism as an art of government, especially its form as North American advanced liberal political reason, has shaped enterprise governance and managerial reform at the World Bank. With a focus on the World Bank as a financial banking enterprise, the article explores questions…

Girdwood, John

2007-01-01

215

The dilemmas of market socialism: Capital market reform in China ? part I: Bonds  

Microsoft Academic Search

This two?part article analyses the attempts to reform the socialist financial system in China by diversifying financial assets and introducing capital markets. The approach used is that of political economy, in the sense of elucidating the interplay between political and economic interests, actors and issues in the reform process.Part I discusses the issue of bonds by governments and enterprises. Although

Paul Bowles; Gordon White

1992-01-01

216

Bureaucrats in business: The roles of privatization versus corporatization in state-owned enterprise reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides evidence from a sample of 12 developing countries that countries which improved state-owned enterprise performance the most followed a comprehensive strategy of reforms, including a combination of privatization and corporatization. Further evidence that corporatization works better in combination with ownership and other reforms is provided through an analysis of government contracts with public managers, private managers and

Mary M. Shirley

1999-01-01

217

Physical Education Teachers and Their Attitudes toward Change: Implementation of the New Horizon Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Horizon ("Ofek Hadash" in Hebrew) educational reform agreement was signed between the Israeli government and the Teachers' Union in 2008. The purposes of the educational reform document were (a) to improve students' achievements, (b) to provide fair recompense to teachers, and (c) to strengthen teachers' status in…

Zach, Sima; Inglis, Varda

2013-01-01

218

The Effects of Higher Education Funding Reforms on the Lifetime Incomes of Graduates. CEE DP 78  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper undertakes a quantitative analysis of substantial reforms to the system of higher education (HE) finance first announced in 2004 and then revised again in July 2007. The reforms introduced deferred fees for HE, payable by graduates through the tax system in the form of income-contingent repayments on loans subsidised by the government.…

Dearden, Lorraine; Fitzsimons, Emla; Goodman, Alissa; Kaplan, Greg

2008-01-01

219

The "Mock Reform" of History Education in Moldova: Actors versus the Script  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to understand the development and debates surrounding a controversial history textbook reform in post-Soviet Moldova. The textbook debate highlighted two identity agendas: first, for politicians and government officials, reforming the curriculum was necessary for the consolidation of a national identity; second, for educators,…

Worden, Elizabeth Anderson

2011-01-01

220

The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

Mernacaj, Marash

2011-01-01

221

Legitimating Leadership in Southern Thai Schools: Considering Local Responses to Neoliberal Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mounting religious-ethnic tensions and broad-scale reform have precipitated reconsideration of the mission, traditions, operations and institutional positions of government schools in southern Thailand. The authors report on a study of a dozen schools located in four border provinces adapting to national reforms and regional unrest. The authors…

Maxcy, Brendan; Sungtong, Ekkarin; Nguyen, Thu Suong Thi

2010-01-01

222

The Socioeconomic Consequences of "In-Work" Benefit Reform for British Lone Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In October 1999, the British government enacted the Working Families' Tax Credit, which aimed at encouraging work among low-income families with children. This paper uses panel data collected between 1991 and 2001 to evaluate the effect of this reform on single mothers. We find that the reform led to a substantial increase in their employment rate…

Francesconi, Marco; van der Klaauw, Wilbert

2007-01-01

223

A Review of Research on the Kentucky Education Reform Act 1995 (KERA).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of research identifies, reviews, and summarizes studies that address the implementation of the Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 (KERA) and that focus on the effects of the reforms on students, teachers, and other stakeholders. Introductory summary overviews are included in the areas of finance, governance, and curriculum, and on…

Kentucky Univ.-Louisville Univ., KY. Joint Center for the Study of Educational Policy.

224

Perceptions of Subjective Economic Well-Being and Support for Market Reform among China's Urban Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines whether subjective economic assessments have any impact on support for further market reforms among China's urban population, utilising a large survey of 10,716 people across 32 cities. The effect of subjective economic well-being on support for market reforms is an important issue for the Chinese government as it seeks to sell the benefits of increased globalisation and

Ingrid Nielsen; Chris Nyland; Russell Smyth; Cherrie Jiuhua Zhu

2005-01-01

225

A Social Reminder: What the Public Want from the Education Reform in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The Education Commission (EC) of Hong Kong, the advisory body set up by the government on the overall development of education in Hong Kong, began developing a policy of education reform in 1998 and published its blueprint in 2000. In 2006, the EC published its fourth official report on the progress of the reform--"Progress Report on…

Wong, Kai Shung

2010-01-01

226

The Effects of Reform: Have Teachers Really Lost Their Sense of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we reflect upon what research and other evidence tells us about the effects of many years of sustained, centrally initiated government reforms upon teachers' work, lives and effectiveness. It is important to note that whilst the general intentions of school reform are almost always to improve standards of teaching, learning and…

Day, Christopher; Smethem, Lindsey

2009-01-01

227

Community Group Practices in Canada: Are They Ready to Reform Their Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Governments and healthcare organizations in Canada are reforming the clinical practice structures and policies to deliver primary care to the population. A key component of primary healthcare reform is the establishment of an interdisciplinary, community-based team approach to patient care. This study was undertaken to provide…

Murray, Suzanne; Silver, Ivan; Patel, Dilip; Dupuis, Martin; Hayes, Sean M.; Davis, Dave

2008-01-01

228

Home-Based Clerical Workers: Are They Victims of Exploitation? Thirty-Ninth Report by the Committee on Government Operations Together with Additional Views. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Employment and Housing Subcommittee hearing on home-based work focused on typically female clerical workers. The following women were found to face obstacles to conventional 9-to-5 jobs: women needing child care, displaced homemakers who lack job training and experience, rural women, disabled women, and older women who encounter job…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

229

On the road to reform: a sociocultural interpretation of reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper I discuss how reform in science education is interpreted by Barma as she recounts the story of Catherine, a grade 9 biology teacher, who reforms her teaching practices in response to a national curriculum reform in Quebec, Canada. Unlike some cases in response to reform, this case is hopeful and positive. Also in this paper, I address some familiar areas that must be considered when teachers undertake curriculum reform and how science educators may fulfill the role of facilitator and advocate in the support of teachers on the road to reform. The commentary focuses on how Barma retells the story through the lens of activity theory.

Mensah, Felicia Moore

2011-09-01

230

Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform was established by President Clinton in November of 1993 to recommend long-term changes to America's entitlement programs and tax structure. The Commission is comprised of 32 Members -- including 22 Members of Congress and 10 distinguished private citizens and State and local leaders -- and is chaired by Senator Bob Kerrey (D-NE) and Senator Jack Danforth (R-MO). To date, the Commission has approved an Interim Report to the President outlining the nature and scope of America's long-term fiscal dilemma. The Commission has also produced a document describing potential reforms to America's entitlement programs and an interactive computer program using the reform options. The Commission is due to make final recommendations to the President by the end of the year. Also: Try your hand at entitlement reform. Download Budget Shadows: a challenging, fun, interactive program that puts you in the driver's seat [...as seen on recent news programs... -- Scout]. See what effect different policy decisions would have on entitlement programs, the U.S. budget, and U.S. citizens. Decide for yourself what choices and trade-offs you think the federal government should make to address our fiscal challenges. NOTE: You must have Lotus for Windows to run the program.

231

A light in the dark : labor reform in Guatemala during the FRG administration, 2000-2004  

E-print Network

Recent literature on Latin America has highlighted cases of reform by the region's governments to increase State regulation of the labor market, offset the detrimental effects of the so-called Washington Consensus, and ...

Fuentes, Alberto (Alberto Jose)

2007-01-01

232

Healthcare reform in the United States and China: pharmaceutical market implications  

E-print Network

trajectories of health system reform and insurance coverage were studied for the United States and China. Next, data were collected from government, industry, and analyst reports on total healthcare spending and prescription drug expenditure by insurance status...

Daemmrich, Arthur; Mohanty, Ansuman

2014-07-14

233

Opening the Window for ReformMandates, Crises, and Extraordinary PolicyMaking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under what conditions are governments within established democratic political systems willing and able to launch ambitious reform programs? In other words, what conjunctural factors generally serve to open the “window” for reform? The central argument of this article is that extraordinary policy-making generally becomes possible only when a macro-window is opened by a government's achievement of an impressive mandate and\\/or

JOHN T. S. KEELER

1993-01-01

234

Housing, Design, and Furnishings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains teacher's materials for a six-unit secondary education vocational home economics course on housing, design, and furnishings. The units cover: (1) the societal aspects of housing (including the relationship between housing and the economy, population trends, and culture-related housing characteristics); (2) family housing

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

235

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Reforming Secondary Science Instruction offers detailed advice for changing your methods of teaching so that students are prepared for life and work. Follow along as your fellow teachers learn about inquiry, implement change strategies, try out innovative instructional materials, build professional learning communities and partnerships, use data from student assessments, and address the needs of linguistically diverse learners. The underlying message, as one author puts it, is "science education reform will not occur by simply adding occasional new activities to your teaching repertoire. Reform requires thought, work, and persistence." Every chapter offers you the opportunity to assess your own teaching techniques and find room for improvement. Whether you are early in your career or a seasoned professional, Reforming Secondary Science Instruction will help you craft a workable plan for giving your students the tools they need to succeed beyond your classroom.

2009-02-15

236

Reforms: a quest for efficiency or an opportunity for vested interests’? a case study of pharmaceutical policy reforms in Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Regulation of the pharmaceutical sector is a challenging task for most governments in the developing countries. In Tanzania, this task falls under the Food and Drugs Authority and the Pharmacy Council. In 2010, the Pharmacy Council spearheaded policy reforms in the pharmaceutical sector aimed at taking over the control of the regulation of the business of pharmacy from the Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority. This study provides a critical analysis of these reforms. Methods The study employed a qualitative case-study design. Data was collected through in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and document reviews. Data was analyzed thematically using a policy triangle framework. The analysis was done manually. Results The reforms adopted an incremental model of public policy-making and the process was characterized by lobbying for political support, negotiations and bargaining between the interest groups. These negotiations were largely centred on vested interests and not on the impact of the reforms on the efficiency of pharmaceutical regulations in the country. Stakeholders from the micro and meso levels were minimally involved in the policy reforms. Conclusion Recent pharmaceutical regulation reforms in Tanzania were overshadowed by vested interests, displacing a critical analysis of optimal policy options that have the potential to increase efficiency in the regulation of the business of pharmacy. Politics influenced decision-making at different levels of the reform process. PMID:23849334

2013-01-01

237

The Student Success Act: Reforming Federal Accountability Requirements under No Child Left Behind. WebMemo. No. 3461  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On its 10-year anniversary, there is consensus that No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is broken. The debate over how to reform NCLB has generated a number of proposals from both houses of Congress and the Obama Administration, but ideas about how to rewrite the law differ greatly. In early 2012, the House Education and the Workforce Committee introduced…

Burke, Lindsey M.

2012-01-01

238

Educational Reform and Technical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Even though educational reform marches under a banner of economic renewal, the school subjects that appear to be most directly related to worker productivity-- business education, vocational education, economics, computers--have received little attention from reformers. The five \\

John H. Bishop

1993-01-01

239

Practical Work in Ireland: A Time of Reform and Debate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and discusses the role of practical work in science education in Ireland. The 2002 report of a government Task Force on the Physical Sciences, set up to consider the problems facing the teaching of the physical sciences in second-level schools in Ireland, has resulted in rapid reform of the science curriculum at both junior…

Kennedy, Declan

2012-01-01

240

The culture of education policy making: curriculum reform in Shanghai  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the culture of education policy making in Shanghai using the conceptual tool of a ‘global assemblage’. A global assemblage is essentially a collection of ideas and practices that arise from the interplay between a global form and situated sociocultural elements. Focusing on the global form of curriculum reform, this paper explains how the Shanghai municipal government justifies

Charlene Tan

2012-01-01

241

Brave New World: Higher Education Reform in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways,…

Aarrevaara, Timo; Dobson, Ian R.; Elander, Camilla

2009-01-01

242

Local tax reform: Focusing on division of tax categories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since reformation of tax distribution system was im- plemented in 1994, theoretical immature and lack of practical experience results in some problems, such as undue proportion of sharing taxes, uncertainty about main local taxes, and small-scale revenue of local government concerning tax division. This article follows the principles of tax division between central and local taxes, and further divides and

Wen Qi

2011-01-01

243

Teacher educators mediating curricular reform: anticipating the Australian curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many education systems are experiencing a re-scaling and consolidation of governance through rolling national agendas of standardisation and centralisation. The present article considers the case of Australia as it moves towards implementing its first national curriculum, to explore how teacher educators plan to retain pedagogical space for debate, diversity and contestation of such systemic curricular reform. The present article reports

Elizabeth Briant; Catherine Doherty

2012-01-01

244

Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

Galway, Gerald

2012-01-01

245

Chile: Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In March 2001, Human Rights Watch released this new report. "Chile: Progress Stalled Setbacks in Freedom of Expression Reform" examines the failure of the current democratic government of Chile to repeal repressive laws established and enforced under Pinochet, including laws that criminalize speech and make "contempt of authority" a crime against the state.

2001-01-01

246

Reform requires resilience: a holistic model for success.  

PubMed

Ten initiatives associated with healthcare reform may alter the way healthcare organizations operate. Implementing a governance, risk, and compliance (GRC) model can help healthcare leaders deliver performance and compliance and enable enterprise resilience. Implementing GRC effectively requires a vision that's clearly supported by the management team. PMID:20608417

Giniat, Edward J; Farrell, John M

2010-07-01

247

Land Tenure and Reform in Haiti Amber Bethell  

E-print Network

Land Tenure and Reform in Haiti Amber Bethell abethell@spatial.maine.edu May 2002 Abstract Haiti tenure. Each time the government changes hands, fighting over the land begins again. Haiti has been. This paper will discuss the development of land arrangements in Haiti and examine the results of the current

Onsrud, Harlan J.

248

Public Opinion and Health Care Reform for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent polling data suggest that there is a growing consensus to pay special attention to children's needs in the health care reform debate. The public generally desires children to have greater access to health care services, even if this would mean higher taxes, but is unsure that government is the best vehicle to provide such services. (MDM)

Bales, Susan Nall

1993-01-01

249

Re-Forming the School: Taking Swedish Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of government decentralisation and integration of services, over the last 15 years Sweden has been developing an all-day school based on inter-professional teamworking and adopting a holistic approach to working with children. The article describes these recent educational reforms in Sweden, which have sought to re-structure the…

Johansson, Inge; Moss, Peter

2012-01-01

250

Schools Linked to Obesity: Issues, Concerns and Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key Word: obesity, schools, reforms Abstract: Obesity is a growing epidemic concerning children in the United States, which affects children's self esteem and school performance. Many concerns have been raised in relation to the federal government's school hot lunch programs and the steady increase in childhood obesity. Foods served in the school lunch programs are high in fat, sugar and

Andrea Kolbeck

251

Emerging Strategies for Private-Sector Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report delineates five governance strategies in U.S. corporations that have emerged over the last 20 years: (1) reform of corporate boards, which includes the role of boards and implementation approaches; (2) organizational improvement, which details employee involvement, total quality management, and reengineering; (3) developing team-based…

Gibson, Cristina

252

Reinventing government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both Clinton and Vice President Al Gore are committed to reinventing the federal government. To do so they will need more than a little help from Congress. But, if they succeed in turning the report's recommendations into reality, substantial change will occur in the way the federal government interacts with the chemical community in areas such as environmental and safety

D. J. Hanson; W. Lepkowski; J. R. Long; P. S. Zurer

1993-01-01

253

FOOD REFORM MOVEMENTS Nicolas Larchet  

E-print Network

FOOD REFORM MOVEMENTS Nicolas Larchet Social historians have broadly defined two cycles of American history characterized by an efflorescence of social movements aiming to reform both the individual to the 1920s. The reform impulse thrived wherever there was a perceived vice, abuse or corruption

Recanati, Catherine

254

Women, Class, and School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes ordinary women's role in shaping school reform in their community, highlighting interplay of class conflict, regionalism, and gender roles in reform efforts. The women protesting the Odyssey Project framed the debate as a juncture between a national, elitist reform movement and a local grassroots countermovement protecting children,…

Mickelson, Roslyn Arlin; Wadsworth, Angela L.

1996-01-01

255

Emotional intelligence and educational reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This reform aims primarily on the maximization of performance

Lefkios Neophytou

2012-01-01

256

Educational Reform and Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains six studies that were commissioned for the National Assessment of Vocational Education. "Introduction" (Ann M. Milne) provides an overview of the reforms of the 1980s. "The Impact of Educational Reform on Vocational Education" (Marion Asche, Donald E. Elson, Ann Echols, Arthur Williams) examines primary strategies of reform

Milne, Ann M., Ed.

257

Globalization, Citizenship and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…

Qi, Jie

2009-01-01

258

Prospects for Health Care Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This editorial reviews areas of health care reform including managed health care, diagnosis-related groups, and the Resource-Based Relative Value Scale for physician services. Relevance of such reforms to people with developmental disabilities is considered. Much needed insurance reform is not thought to be likely, however. (DB)

Kastner, Theodore

1992-01-01

259

Richard Oscar Burgess House (The “Crayola” House)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Queen Anne style. A 2 1\\/2 - story house with a slate hip roof, paired gable dormers, corner turret, and stained - glass windows. The Armory Revival Company added a humorous turn to the house in 1984 by leaving the eastern section of this vividly painted house only partially colored and attaching large simulations of Crayons on the wall. This

Chet Smolski

1987-01-01

260

Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer  

DOEpatents

An electrochemical fuel cell generator configuration is made having a generator section which contains a plurality of axially elongated fuel cells, each cell containing a fuel electrode, air electrode, and solid oxide electrolyte between the electrodes, in which axially elongated dividers separate portions of the fuel cells from each other, and where at least one divider also reforms a reformable fuel gas mixture prior to electricity generation reactions, the at least one reformer-divider is hollow having a closed end and an open end entrance for a reformable fuel mixture to pass to the closed end of the divider and then reverse flow and pass back along the hollowed walls to be reformed, and then finally to pass as reformed fuel out of the open end of the divider to contact the fuel cells, and further where the reformer-divider is a composite structure having a gas diffusion barrier of metallic foil surrounding the external walls of the reformer-divider except at the entrance to prevent diffusion of the reformable gas mixture through the divider, and further housed in an outer insulating jacket except at the entrance to prevent short-circuiting of the fuel cells by the gas diffusion barrier. 10 figs.

Dederer, J.T.; Hager, C.A.

1998-03-31

261

Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer  

DOEpatents

An electrochemical fuel cell generator configuration is made having a generator section which contains a plurality of axially elongated fuel cells, each cell containing a fuel electrode, air electrode, and solid oxide electrolyte between the electrodes, in which axially elongated dividers separate portions of the fuel cells from each other, and where at least one divider also reforms a reformable fuel gas mixture prior to electricity generation reactions, the at least one reformer-divider is hollow having a closed end and an open end entrance for a reformable fuel mixture to pass to the closed end of the divider and then reverse flow and pass back along the hollowed walls to be reformed, and then finally to pass as reformed fuel out of the open end of the divider to contact the fuel cells, and further where the reformer-divider is a composite structure having a gas diffusion barrier of metallic foil surrounding the external walls of the reformer-divider except at the entrance to prevent diffusion of the reformable gas mixture through the divider, and further housed in an outer insulating jacket except at the entrance to prevent short-circuiting of the fuel cells by the gas diffusion barrier.

Dederer, Jeffrey T. (Valencia, PA); Hager, Charles A. (Mars, PA)

1998-01-01

262

The Right Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Phi Delta Kappa survey during 1988-89 asked principals to rate the effectiveness of nine educational reform measures. Principals believed teachers reacted most positively to improved working conditions, more school autonomy, and restrictions on extracurricular activities for nonachieving students. Principals also believed that improving…

Nardini, Mary Lois; Antes, Richard L.

1991-01-01

263

High School Science Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The idea for the Scope, Sequence, and Coordination (SSandC) reform effort was conceived in the early 1980s, primarily in response to practices in U.S. secondary schools that filter out the majority of students from higher level science courses. The current

Aldridge, Bill G.

2000-01-01

264

The Reformation of Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The necessity for reforming public education is evidenced in part by the failures of past programs and in part by the requirements of the future. The anti-school mood of the present is forcing a more realistic evaluation of the potentiality education possesses in counteracting the disintegrative forces of family breakdown, individual deprivation,…

Rubin, Louis

265

Children and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "The Future of Children" examines whether programs implemented by the federal welfare reform law accomplished the goal of reducing the number of children growing up in poor, single-parent families and whether these programs benefited children. This examination coincides with debates in Congress on the reauthorization of the Personal…

Behrman, Richard E., Ed.

2002-01-01

266

Comments on regulatory reform  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear regulatory reform is divided into two parts. The first part contains all those matters for which new legislation is required. The second part concerns all those matters that are within the power of the Commission under existing statutes. Recommendations are presented.

Hendrie, J.M.

1982-01-01

267

Reforming Underperforming High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban high schools are in trouble--high dropout rates, low student academic achievement, and graduates who are unprepared for college are just some of the disappointing indicators. However, recent research points to a select number of approaches to improving student outcomes and reforming underperforming schools--from particular ways of creating…

MDRC, 2013

2013-01-01

268

Reforming Teacher Pay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent Google search for information regarding performance pay in education produced 6.1 million results. This number should come as no surprise given the current level of interest in incentives as a popular reform option in public education. Supporters believe pay-for-performance programs encourage less effective teachers to improve and will…

Burns, Susan Freeman; Gardner, Catherine D.

2010-01-01

269

Reform on the Move  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aurora (Colorado) Public Schools responded to the Colorado State Model Content Standards for Reading and Writing and the accountability measures attached to the state assessments by implementing the Aurora Achievement Initiative in 2001. Originating from literature on best practices and large-scale school reform, the goal of the districtwide…

Clark, Janet; Otte, Michelle; Fair, Lynn

2006-01-01

270

Reforming using erionite catalysts  

SciTech Connect

The advantage of reforming on erionite catalysts is a product with high octane numbers and low amounts of aromatics. This advantage seems to be slight at reaction pressures lower than 25 bar. But it is possible to compensate for the influence of pressure by varying the erionite content within the catalyst and the reaction temperature. When reforming on Pt/Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] catalysts, the following reactions take place: dehydrocyclization of paraffins to naphthenes, dehydrogenation of naphthenes to aromatics, isomerication of normal paraffins remains in the product, lowering its octane number. By using a Ni/H-erionite catalyst, the octane rating can be increased by 3 to 7 numbers through selective hydrocracking of n-alkanes in the reformate. Erionite catalysts favor shape-selective hydrocracking of normal paraffins and the formation of cyclopentane derivatives lowering the content of aromatics during reforming reactions. Reducing the reaction pressure decreases hydrocracking activity and cyclopentane formation. These results can be interpreted in terms of thermodynamic restrictions and deactivation.

Liers, J.; Meusinger, J.; Moesch, A. (Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)); Reschetilowski, W. (Karl Winnacker Inst. of DECHEMA, Frankfurt (Germany))

1993-08-01

271

Educational Reform: Who Benefits?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses Blau and Scott concept of "cui bono" to describe who has benefited from 1990 Kentucky Education Reform Act. In eyes of legislators, everyone would benefit, and the economically depressed state would prosper. As implementation of KERA progresses, it is becoming increasingly clear that mandated changes may be structural and may benefit system…

Steffy, Betty E.

1994-01-01

272

Welfare Reform Briefing Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information on the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program in light of efforts at welfare reform. Following a listing of whom to call at the Children's Defense Fund (CDF) regarding various welfare issues, the report's first section, "Basic Facts on Welfare," presents information on the AFDC in a…

Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

273

Hydrogen Production via a High-Efficiency Low-Temperature Reformer  

SciTech Connect

Fuel cells are promoted by the US government as a viable alternative for clean and efficient energy generation. It is anticipated that the fuel cell market will rise if the key technical barriers can be overcome. One of them is certainly fuel processing and purification. Existing fuel reforming processes are energy intensive, extremely complicated and capital intensive; these disadvantages handicap the scale-down of existing reforming process, targeting distributed or on-board/stationary hydrogen production applications. Our project involves the bench-scale demonstration of a high-efficiency low-temperature steam reforming process. Hydrogen production can be operated at 350 to 400ºC with our invention, as opposed to >800ºC of existing reforming. In addition, our proposed process improves the start-up deficiency of conventional reforming due to its low temperature operation. The objective of this project is to demonstrate the invented process concept via a bench scale unit and verify mathematical simulation for future process optimization study. Under this project, we have performed the experimental work to determine the adsorption isotherm, reaction kinetics, and membrane permeances required to perform the process simulation based upon the mathematical model developed by us. A ceramic membrane coated with palladium thin film fabricated by us was employed in this study. The adsorption isotherm for a selected hydrotalcite adsorbent was determined experimentally. Further, the capacity loss under cyclic adsorption/desorption was confirmed to be negligible. Finally a commercial steam reforming catalyst was used to produce the reaction kinetic parameters required for the proposed operating condition. With these input parameters, a mathematical simulation was performed to predict the performance of the invented process. According to our simulation, our invented hybrid process can deliver 35 to 55% methane conversion, in comparison with the 12 and 18-21% conversion of the packed bed and an adsorptive reactor respectively. In addition CO contamination with <10 to 120 ppm is predicted for the invented process depending upon the cycle time for the PSA type operation. In comparison, the adsorption reactor can also deliver a similar CO contaminant at the low end; however, its high end reaches as high as 300 ppm based upon the simulation of our proposed operating condition. Our experimental results for the packed bed and the membrane reactor deliver 12 and 18% conversion at 400°C, approaching the conversion by the mathematical simulation. Due to the time constraint, the experimental study on the conversion of the invented process has not been complete. However, our in-house study using a similar process concept for the water gas shift reaction has demonstrated the reliability of our mathematical simulation for the invented process. In summary, we are confident that the invented process can deliver efficiently high purity hydrogen at a low temperature (~400°C). According to our projection, the invented process can further achieve 5% energy savings and ~50% capital savings over conventional reforming for fuel cell applications. The pollution abatement potential associated with the implementation of fuel cells, including the elimination of nitrogen oxides and CO, and the reduction in volatile organics and CO2, can thus be realized with the implementation of this invented process. The projected total market size for equipment sale for the proposed process in US is $1.5 billion annually.

Paul KT Liu; Theo T. Tsotsis

2006-05-31

274

Changing governance in the EU milk supply chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the 2008 EU's CAP reform the governance of the EU's dairy sector changes. This paper focuses on governance structures between dairy farms and milk processors. To get insight in regional differences within the EU, a literature research and interviews are conducted in three case study areas, namely: the Netherlands, Bulgaria and France. Results show that in these countries both

Noortje Krol; Nico Polman; Jack Peerlings; Dimitre Nikolov

2010-01-01

275

Governance structure in the EU milk supply chain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governance of the EU’s dairy sector changes will change as a result of the 2008 CAP reform. This chapter focuses on governance structures between dairy farms and milk processors and the role of the exchange of information. Information costs are an important category of transaction costs. To get insight in regional differences within the EU, literature research and interviews are

N. B. P. Polman; N. Krol; J. H. M. Peerlings; P. Dupraz; D. Nikolov

2011-01-01

276

Markets and Self-Governing Schools: The English Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1988, as part of the Education Reform Act, the United Kingdom government allowed schools to opt out of local education authorities (LEA) and become grant-maintained (GM) schools, funded directly by the government. It was contended that the program would diversify education, free schools from local bureaucracies, and, consequently, make schools…

Power, Sally; And Others

277

Blair House: The President's Guest House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Blair House has been the next-door neighbor of the White House in Washington, DC since 1824 and it is the President's official guest house. The house is named after Francis Preston Blair, who served in President Andrew Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet" and he was the consummate political insider during the administrations of Martin Van Buren and Abraham Lincoln. Today, the house also serves as a home for the president-elect in the days before the inauguration. This marvelous website from CSPAN provides visitors with video clips of the house, and it's quite a tour. There are ten short profiles that include views of the principal suite, the drawing room, and the Lincoln Room. The site also has interviews with people who have spent time getting to know the Blair House, including Ambassador Nancy Brinker and Deputy Chief of Protocol Raymond P. Martinez.

278

Housing and Labor Market Distortions in Poland: Linkages and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

During its period as a centrally planned economy, Poland?s housing and macroeconomic policies restricted investments in housing and urban infrastructure to a level well below that of other European countries. This resulted in a shortage of housing typified by 15- to 20-year waits for government-subsidized housing and a stock of housing that fell short of the number of Polish households

Stephen K. Mayo; James I. Stein

1995-01-01

279

The Neighborhood Environments of Mutual-Help Recovery Houses: Comparisons by Perceived Socioeconomic Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the setting and house-level characteristics of 160 self-governed, mutual-support substance abuse recovery homes, called Oxford Houses (OHs), across the United States. These dwellings were located in four different neighborhood types: upper or middle class (n = 23 houses), urban working or lower class (n = 71 houses), suburban upper or middle-class (n = 39 Houses), and suburban

Joseph R. Ferrari; David R. Groh; Leonard A. Jason

2009-01-01

280

Government Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

... further information, visit www.cms.hhs.gov , the Web site of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). SSI (Supplemental Security Income) The government's SSI (Supplemental Security Income) program ...

281

Governance Today  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The recent emergence of governance, risk, and compliance (GRC) initiatives in organizations throughout the world has generated\\u000a a lot of market buzz and interest among analysts and executives alike. In such an environment, there may be some confusion\\u000a about the terms governance, risk, and compliance, and how they differ from each other. Many organizations manage compliance on a regulation-by-regulation basis,

Jacob Lamm

282

Renewing the Holy Grail of human motivation in the delivery of public service : Evidence from Ghana's Local Government Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper draws on a recent case study in Ghana that explored the human resource development (HRD) challenges facing local government in a reforming public sector. It aims to investigate how public sector reform (PSR) has affected worker motivation and effectiveness among civil servants (bureaucrats) serving local government at all levels of operation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on an

Kwabena Barima Antwi

2009-01-01

283

Portland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING  

E-print Network

in compliance with the University Housing Handbook and Student Code of Conduct and in a reasonable mannerPortland State UNIVERSITY HOUSING FAMILY MEMBER CONFIRMATION FORM *UNIVERSITY HOUSING OFFICE *625. DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS (Please bring originals ­ copies will be made at the University Housing Office.) 1

Bertini, Robert L.

284

House siding solar panel  

Microsoft Academic Search

A house siding solar panel for the efficient conversion of solar radiation into usable heat energy, which includes an aesthetically pleasing housing having forwardly beveled side edges so that the panels may be mounted directly to the side of the house much like conventional siding, and present an aesthetically pleasing appearance. The front wall of the housing is a prismatic

Tennings

1984-01-01

285

Government's Role  

E-print Network

Customer relationship management (CRM) has become a strategic initiative aimed at getting, growing, and retaining the right customers. A great amount of numeric data and even more soft information are available about customers. In this paper we analyze the relative importance of factors and the priority of the schemes by constructing the CRM hierarchy model for Small and Medium Enterprises. Under the backgrounds of the transmission of the government's role and functions, on the basis of Customer Relationship Management (CRM), we stress on analyzing the theory and principle to design the e-government facing public service. We propose overall framework to integrate the traditional customer relationship management (CRM) functionalities with the management and application of the customer-related knowledge, particularly in the context of marketing decisions. In this paper, we present an integrated framework for CRM through the application of knowledge management technology. The framework can be the basis for enhancing CRM development. With the help of CRM idea, government may better meet the public demand, improve the relationship between government and the public, improve government efficiency, and promote the social stability and harmony. Eventually, some proposals of application of CRM in e-government are put forward.

unknown authors

286

Love Canal: health studies and relocation. Joint Hearing before the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, US House of Representatives of the Committee on Government Operations, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session, May 22, 1980  

SciTech Connect

A hearing was conducted to examine the actions taken by the Federal government and the state of New York to relocate temporarily 700 families from the Love Canal area and to initiate scientific studies of the health effects on the residents in order to determine whether they can safely return to their homes. The implications of this experience are examined for future government planning and for the hazardous waste legislation presently being considered by the Congress. Also explored is to what extent existing law and the proposed superfund legislation - H.R. 7020 - afford authority and machinery to accomplish the desired ends. What options exist under Federal law, as it might be amended by H.R. 7020, to relocate residents of the Love Canal area are also examined. Testimony was heard from six witnesses. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-01-01

287

The role of ‘race’ in the likelihood of city participation in the United States public and section 8 existing housing programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on US housing and politics provides evidence for persistent racial discrimination, dual housing markets (one for whites and one for blacks in particular) and racial segregation. Research also shows the relationship between government subsidised low?income housing programmes and continued segregation. This work focuses on an additional aspect of racial discrimination in housing: local officials, capitulating to the housing industry,

Judith McDonnell

1997-01-01

288

The Lawmakers Respond: Texas Education Finance Reform (Part II). Correlational and Equity Analyses of Current Law with Cross-Time Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wide scale reform in Texas education financing was enacted in 1984 under the Equal Education Opportunity Act (Texas House Bill 72). This paper examines the reform through an analysis of the newly enacted weighted pupil Foundation School Program (FSP) during the 1985-86 school year. Two modes of inquiry were used: correlational analysis between…

Verstegen, Deborah A.

289

Leverage of change : social housing in Tijuana, México  

E-print Network

As a town that has heavy migration, Tijuana is in constant need of social housing for its lower income families. The demands of the population have created an overload on the government, and some third parties have begun ...

García Torres, Isidro

2005-01-01

290

75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

2010-01-26

291

University of California, Davis Student Housing Monthly Late Fee  

E-print Network

S am ple University of California, Davis Student Housing Monthly Late Fee: The Lease makes and delivered to the following: BY: Joann Wilson, Resident Services Manager 160 Student Housing University themselves are incorporated herein by reference, govern all University Students, as well as all state

Hernes, Peter J.

292

University of California, Davis Student Housing RESIDENCE HALL CONTRACT  

E-print Network

S am ple University of California, Davis Student Housing RESIDENCE HALL CONTRACT PART I Student Housing University of California, Davis One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8712 PARENT by reference, govern all University Students, as well as all state and federal laws. By reference

Hernes, Peter J.

293

University of California, Davis Student Housing RESIDENCE HALL CONTRACT  

E-print Network

S am ple University of California, Davis Student Housing RESIDENCE HALL CONTRACT PART I: Joann Wilson, Residential Services Manager 160 Student Housing University of California, Davis One by reference, govern all University Students, as well as all state and federal laws. By reference

California at Davis, University of

294

Methanol partial oxidation reformer  

DOEpatents

A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

1999-08-24

295

It's Not about Logic, It's about Logics of Practice: A Case Study of Teacher Education Reform in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Institutional mergers are among the range of government-driven reforms of teacher education and, by extension, the teaching force. Such reforms inevitably provide positive outcomes for some and challenges for others. In this paper the authors focus on the anticipations, experiences and reflections of a group of teacher educators during a period…

Smith, Wayne; Tinning, Richard

2011-01-01

296

Market Orientation in the UK Higher Education Sector: the influence of the education reform process 1979?1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1979 the Conservative government has attempted to increase efficiency and customer satisfaction in all areas of the Public Sector by introducing market?orientated reforms. Higher education has been different in that this process has been associated with rapid expansion. This paper examines the nature of this reform process and argues that rather than it leading to institutions which have a

Graeme Lindsay; Timothy Rodgers

1998-01-01

297

How Are Immigrants Faring after Welfare Reform? Preliminary Evidence from Los Angeles and New York City. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999 and 2000, immigrants in Los Angeles, California, and New York, New York were aurveyed about their status in the context of welfare reform, examining the living conditions of 3,447 immigrant families roughly 3 years after welfare reform was implemented and several months before the federal government issued guidance about the public charge…

Capps, Randy; Ku, Leighton; Fix, Michael; Furgiuele, Chris; Passel, Jeff; Ramchand, Rajeev; McNiven, Scott; Perez-Lopez, Dan; Fielder, Eve; Greenwell, Michael; Hays, Tonya

298

Policy Reforms, Trojan Horses, and Imaginary Friends: The Role of External Stakeholders in Internal Quality Assurance Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The governance of higher education has been changing across Europe, most notably in response to the reform agenda that has been pervading many higher education systems. This wave of reforms has given enhanced visibility to external stakeholders, which has been often received with contrasting views. Some regarded it as a factor that would undermine…

Rosa, Maria João; Teixeira, Pedro

2014-01-01

299

Harold Varmus Attends White House Signing  

Cancer.gov

Harold Varmus (center, in blue shirt) joined Cabinet members, members of Congress, and other stem cell research advocates to witness President Barack Obama signing an Executive Order lifting the government's ban on federal funding for stem cell research at a White House ceremony on March 9.

300

Government Regulatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Government regulation of food products, food processing, and food preparation is imperative in bringing an unadulterated, nonmisleading, and safe food product to market and is relevant to all areas of food science, including engineering, processing, chemistry, and microbiology. The liability associated with providing consumers with an adulterated or substandard product cannot only tarnish a company's name and reputation, but also impose substantial financial repercussions on the company and those individuals who play an active role in the violation. In order for a company to fully comply with the relevant food laws (both federal and state), an intimate knowledge of food science is required. Individuals knowledgeable in food science play an integral role not only in implementing and counseling food companies/processors to ensure compliance with government regulations, but these individuals are also necessary to the state and federal governments that make and enforce the relevant laws and regulators.

Becker, Katie

301

What's Good for the Goose is Not Good for the Gander: Sarbanes-Oxley-Style Nonprofit Reforms  

E-print Network

In this article, I contend that these Sarbanes-Oxley-inspired, state, nonprofit reforms, particularly the costly disclosure requirements, will be of little value in the effort to improve ethical nonprofit board governance. ...

Mulligan, Lumen N.

2007-01-01

302

[Struensee--physician and missjudged social reformer].  

PubMed

Johann Friedrich Struensee was born in 1737 in the German town of Halle where he graduated as doctor of Medicine at the age of 19. In 1757 he was appointed to be town physician in the big Danish town Altona, close to Hamburg. There he had a large medical practice among the poor, but he also succeeded in curing some important persons, which influenced his further career. During his eleven years in Altona he made many friends among the liberal circles and evolved an extensive writing of medical and social publications, where he called for reforms of housing, of hygiene, of fresh air and a sounder living. He organised a delivery clinic for single mothers and took care of the orphans. His opinions met with furious opposition from older doctors, whom he attacked for their greed and ignorance. In 1768 he was appointed to be the danish king Christian VII's physician during the kings visit to England. King Christian was mentally disturbed with fits of violence and confusion, but Struensee succeeded in gaining his confidence and after return to Denmark he was soon to be the absolute ruler of the country during three years. He started an intensive reform period with total freedom of the press, abolished peasant slavery and the death penalty, got rid of nepotism in the civil service, where only real competence should decide. He put an end to the great waste of money for luxury and superfluous staff in the court and in military units in order to improve the heavily indebted Danish economy. His reforms affronted many important persons and he never succeeded in gaining the confidence of the ordinary people, whose benefit he struggled for. By a sudden revolt Struensee's adversaries arrested him and forced the week and frightened king to sign the doctor's death sentence which was carried out April 28 1772 in spite of his noble document of defence. PMID:11624970

Nordlander, N B

1996-01-01

303

Steam reformer with catalytic combustor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A steam reformer is disclosed having an annular steam reforming catalyst bed formed by concentric cylinders and having a catalytic combustor located at the center of the innermost cylinder. Fuel is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and air is directed at the top of the combustor, creating a catalytic reaction which provides sufficient heat so as to maintain the catalytic reaction in the steam reforming catalyst bed. Alternatively, air is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and a fuel mixture is directed at the top. The catalytic combustor provides enhanced radiant and convective heat transfer to the reformer catalyst bed.

Voecks, Gerald E. (Inventor)

1990-01-01

304

Steam reformer with catalytic combustor  

DOEpatents

A steam reformer is disclosed having an annular steam reforming catalyst bed formed by concentric cylinders and having a catalytic combustor located at the center of the innermost cylinder. Fuel is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and air is directed at the top of the combustor, creating a catalytic reaction which provides sufficient heat so as to maintain the catalytic reaction in the steam reforming catalyst bed. Alternatively, air is fed into the interior of the catalytic combustor and a fuel mixture is directed at the top. The catalytic combustor provides enhanced radiant and convective heat transfer to the reformer catalyst bed.

Voecks, Gerald E. (La Crescenta, CA)

1990-03-20

305

Judging Teachers: Foucault, Governance and Agency during Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over a decade after publication of "Thinking Again: Education After Postmodernism" (1998) contention still emerges among Foucaultians over whether discursively made-up things really exist, and whether removal of the constituent subject leaves room for agency within techniques of caring for the self. That these questions are kept alive shows that…

Stickney, Jeff A.

2012-01-01

306

The need for a new approach : analysis of the built environment of informal settlements and public housing policy in Egypt  

E-print Network

Rapid urbanization in Egypt has brought on excessive demand for urban housing . The government agencies' attempt to satisfy this demand by the conventional means of public housing since the early 1960's has a mounted only ...

Mourad, Moustafa Abdel Khalek

1983-01-01

307

Changing Framework of Local Governance and Community Participation in Elementary Education in India. Research Monograph No. 35  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, strengthening and better functioning of local governance have become prime concerns of educational reform agenda. Establishment of effective local governance has been part of overall changes in educational governance for several years in many countries including India. It is now widely recognized that effective local governance

Govinda, R; Bandyopadhyay, Madhumita

2010-01-01

308

Mine safety and health act. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session, February 18 and 19, 1982  

SciTech Connect

A rising trend in mine accidents and deaths coupled with a reduction in the enforcement of safety regulations prompted this two-day hearing to determine whether budget cuts were a factor. The statements of 14 witnesses included the views of coal miners and operators, mine inspectors, and government agencies charged with administering and enforcing mining laws. Witnesses described the fear that prevails underground and with the families of miners. At issue was the failure to use allocated funds to conduct the four required annual inspections. A Department of Labor Deputy Inspector General described the efforts of his office to focus on criminal investigations instigated by informants within the mining industry. He defended the level of enforcement and the cooperation received from Mining Safety and Health Administration personnel. (DCK)

Not Available

1983-01-01

309

Reform of the National Curriculum in England Response to consultation by the London Mathematical Society  

E-print Network

Reform of the National Curriculum in England Response to consultation by the London Mathematical Society LMS Education Committee De Morgan House 57-58 Russell Square London. WC1B 4HS April 2013 The London Mathematical Society (LMS), founded in 1865, is the UK's learned society for mathematics

Mitchener, Paul

310

Foster Care: Incomplete Implementation of the Reforms and Unknown Effectiveness. Report to Congressional Requesters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The General Accounting Office conducted a comprehensive assessment of the degree to which the section 427 reforms of the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980 had been carried out, whether they were working, and whether they were still needed. A Senate Subcommittee and House Select Committee requested the assessment in response to…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.

311

What Does Health Care Reform Mean to Children with Special Needs and Their Families?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, thousands of families across the U.S. breathed a sigh of relief at the White House's reassurance: "Reform will eliminate health insurance discrimination against people with disabilities." However, the actual language of the law and the proposed implementation timeline of the…

Minoux, Ankeny

2010-01-01

312

Ramping up Schoolwide Reform: Three Urban Districts Experience Gains Resulting from Amirica's Choice Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some public schools do a great job educating students of color to high standards. But they populate public education much the way houses in rural regions appear at night from a jetliner passing high above--as faint beacons. The core challenge of school reform today is to produce not merely a few glimmers of success but the dense glow of thousands…

Toch, Thomas

2005-01-01

313

Reform versus Reality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cites demographic figures showing that U.S. children are an endangered species. Educators alone cannot "fix" the problems of education, because dealing with poverty's root causes must involve health care, housing, transportation, job training, and social welfare bureaucracies. The United States has the resources, if not the will, to reduce the…

Hodgkinson, Harold

1991-01-01

314

Improving School Governance | 1 Improving School Governance  

E-print Network

Improving School Governance | 1 Improving School Governance A Recommended Code of Governance for Schools: A flexible framework for strategic planning October 2012 Pilot version 1 #12;Improving School Governance | 2 #12;Improving School Governance | 3 This pilot version of the Recommended Code of Governance

Rambaut, Andrew

315

Post-2000 Law-Based Educational Governance in Israel: From Equality to Diversity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses patterns of post 2000 governance in Israel's education system. Drawing upon literature on educational regimes, governance in neo-liberal societies (for example, the UK and the USA), law-based educational reform and policy analysis, this study sets out to inquire how Israel's system was governed with minimal legislation for 60…

Gibton, Dan

2011-01-01

316

United States Government Accountability Office GAO Report to the Chairman, Committee on  

E-print Network

United States Government Accountability Office GAO Report to the Chairman, Committee on Rules and Administration, U.S. Senate SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION Board of Regents Has Implemented Many Governance Reforms United States Government Accountability Office Why GAO Did This Study Highlights Accountability Integrity

Mathis, Wayne N.

317

77 FR 72219 - Federal Housing Administration: Prohibited Sources of Minimum Cash Investment Under the National...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT...Section 203 of the National Housing Act, 66 FR 2851 (January...findings noted that sales prices were increased commensurately...Conjunction of Government Housing Assistance Programs and...reimbursement to the sales price of the home, thus...

2012-12-05

318

100% petroleum house  

E-print Network

I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

2013-01-01

319

Eco-House Course  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students in this course explore designs of a future Carleton College student house. This is a multi-year project where students from the social sciences, humanities / arts, and natural sciences explore parts of the design of an actual house.

Environmental Studies Course, Carleton College Professor Gary Wagenbach gwagenba@carleton.edu and Lecturer Richard Strong rstrong@acws.carleton.edu, Compiled by Suzanne Savanick, Science Education Resource Center, Carleton College, ssavanic@carleton.edu

320

Charles A. Hopkins House  

Microsoft Academic Search

French Modern Gothic House\\u000aThe two units appear as different halves of an asymmetrical composition. The simulated structure enframes openings and decorative panels. The house was built for an insurance agent.

Chet Smolski

2011-01-01

321

When State Centralism Meets Neo-Liberalism: Managing University Governance Change in Singapore and Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With strong intention to enhance the global competitiveness of their university systems, both the Singapore and Malaysia governments have introduced reforms along the lines of ideas and practices embedded in neo-liberalism. In the last decade or so, we have witnessed reforms being introduced to the higher education sectors in these Asian states,…

Mok, Ka Ho

2010-01-01

322

"Slimmed Down" Assessment or Increased Accountability? Teachers, Elections and UK Government Assessment Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since coming to power in 2010, the UK Coalition government in power has implemented a range of reforms in relation to assessment at all stages of education in England. This paper focuses on two assessment reforms relating to children aged five and six years old, and considers their evolution from manifesto commitments to practice in classrooms.…

Bradbury, Alice

2014-01-01

323

Translating Globalization and Democratization into Local Policy: Educational Reform in Hong Kong and Taiwan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The past two decades have witnessed three important international trends: an increase in the number of democratic states; economic globalization; and educational reforms in light of the challenges of the new millennium. A great deal of research has addressed educational change in relation to either globalization or democratization, but little has been said about the complex interactions among all three processes. In view of recent educational reforms in Hong Kong and Taiwan, the present contribution examines the local nature of education policy in a globalized age. It challenges those globalization theories which minimize the role of the state and exaggerate the power of globalization over local factors. In particular, it explores how the governments of these two Chinese societies have employed democratization to generate and legitimate reform proposals and have used economic globalization to justify educational reforms. The study concludes by discussing the complex interrelations of these processes, including tensions between global and local concerns in educational reform.

Law, Wing-Wah

2004-11-01

324

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

1992-01-01

325

Insulator for laser housing  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member. 3 figs.

Duncan, D.B.

1992-12-29

326

Government Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This informative Web site has a host of resources about government technology practices and issues. The main page is updated daily with news stories about homeland security, Internet trends, and more. An online magazine is published monthly; for example, the April 2003 issue has an interesting article on computer systems that monitor online activity and whether they justify Big Brother concerns. The Govtech.net library offers free access to white papers and case studies.

327

Residential Learning University Housing  

E-print Network

of the Office of Residential Life & University Housing is to assist and support students in the pursuit of Residential Learning & University Housing exists to support each individual resident student in all areasResidential Learning & University Housing Handbook 2008 - 2009 A Guide for Residential Living

Rusu, Adrian

328

Summer Housing Contract INTRODUCTION  

E-print Network

and closing includes the dates university housing is available for students to move in and dates that students charge an administrative fee to any student who resides in university housing prior to or after Summer Housing Contract INTRODUCTION Wesleyan University believes that residential life

Devoto, Stephen H.

329

Family Housing and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing the need for a strong family housing program to support a student body composed of many nontraditional students, Texas Woman's University converted a traditional residence hall into a family housing unit with an after-school and summer recreation program. The majority of residents in family housing are single mothers with children who…

Murphy-Chadwick, Nancy; And Others

330

Housing And Welfare  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way a cat is housed will have a significant impact on its welfare. The range of housing conditions in which cats may be kept include boarding, breeding and quarantine catteries, shelters, research facilities, veterinary practices and the home. Drawing on ethological principles, the evolutionary history of the cat and studies of cats kept in different conditions, the housing requirements

Irene Rochlitz

331

Climate policy: Reforming emissions trading  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Courageous steps are required to reform the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme. To this end, an independent carbon authority has been proposed -- this is a move in the right direction, but should be part of a much broader discussion about reforming emissions trading.

Edenhofer, Ottmar

2014-08-01

332

Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

Neophytou, Lefkios

2013-01-01

333

Compensation Reform in the Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most frequently discussed topics in education reform circles is teacher pay--how much money teachers make, for what work and who decides teachers' salaries. Over time, educator pay reform has included many different reward structures and goes by as many different names, such as merit pay, performance pay and differentiated pay. The…

Laine, Sabrina; Potemski, Amy; Rowland, Cortney

2010-01-01

334

Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 chapters in this five-part book, each by different authors, trace the effects of welfare reform (mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996), upon poor people in rural areas of the United States. The book begins with an introduction called "As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural…

Weber, Bruce A., Ed.; Duncan, Greg J., Ed.; Whitener, Leslie A., Ed.

335

Reforming Science and Mathematics Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural

J. J. Lagowski

1995-01-01

336

Teachers' Perspectives on Evaluation Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite growing momentum to reform teacher evaluation in order to increase its impact on teachers' practice and persistence in the profession, very little research examines how current reforms influence teachers' attitudes or reported instructional practices. Do the new evaluation systems lead to enhancements in teachers' instruction overall? And…

Donaldson, Morgaen L.

2012-01-01

337

Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

2012-01-01

338

Security Sector Reform in Haiti  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the experience of the United Nations interventions to reform Haiti's security sector as part of a larger effort to rebuild the Haitian state. Despite multilateral attempts in the 1990s to demobilize the army, create a police force and implement reforms, the lack of elite support, insufficient judicial sector capacity and persistence of corruption led to the current

JOHANNA M ENDELSON-FORMAN

2006-01-01

339

Welfare Reform and Head Start.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the status of social welfare programs in the United States and recent efforts to reform such programs. It proposes key issues that need to be addressed in any attempt to overhaul the federal welfare system. Welfare reform should ensure that: (1) those families on public assistance are able to meet their basic needs in order to…

National Head Start Association, Alexandria, VA.

340

National mental health reform: less talk, more action.  

PubMed

The Council of Australian Governments revitalised national mental health reform in 2006. Unfortunately, evidence-based models of collaborative care have not yet been supported. Previous attempts at national reform have lacked a strategic vision. We continue to rely on arrangements that are fragmented between different levels of government, poorly resourced community services, and an embattled public hospital sector. Our persisting unwillingness to record or publicly report key measures of health, social or economic outcomes undermines community confidence in the mental health system. Six priority areas for urgent national action are proposed and linked to key measures of improved health system performance. In Australia, we recognise special groups (such as war veterans) and organise and fund services to meet their specific health needs. Such systems could be readily adapted to meet the needs of people with psychosis. PMID:19220184

Rosenberg, Sebastian; Hickie, Ian B; Mendoza, John

2009-02-16

341

Fuel cell generator with fuel electrodes that control on-cell fuel reformation  

DOEpatents

A fuel cell for a fuel cell generator including a housing including a gas flow path for receiving a fuel from a fuel source and directing the fuel across the fuel cell. The fuel cell includes an elongate member including opposing first and second ends and defining an interior cathode portion and an exterior anode portion. The interior cathode portion includes an electrode in contact with an oxidant flow path. The exterior anode portion includes an electrode in contact with the fuel in the gas flow path. The anode portion includes a catalyst material for effecting fuel reformation along the fuel cell between the opposing ends. A fuel reformation control layer is applied over the catalyst material for reducing a rate of fuel reformation on the fuel cell. The control layer effects a variable reformation rate along the length of the fuel cell.

Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Basel, Richard A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Zhang, Gong (Murrysville, PA)

2011-10-25

342

The primacy of politics: charting the governance of the Papua New Guinea health system since independence.  

PubMed

To chart the course of health governance in Papua New Guinea (PNG) since Independence, this article identifies two arks of public sector administration in PNG. Each was instigated by the passing of an Organic Law. The reform periods presaged by the Organic Law on Provincial Government 1976 (OLPG) and the Organic Law on Provincial Governments and Local-level Governments 1995 (OLPGLLG) have fundamentally transformed the political and administrative structures governing the country, and in particularly those relating to health. Comparing the organization of the government-operated health system during each of these reform periods not only reveals why PNG's health services have struggled to improve since Independence, but also casts light on the key drivers of fundamental reforms in PNG. Ultimately, the exercise illustrates the 'primacy of politics', and why political concerns invariably trump service delivery concerns. PMID:21877576

Day, Benjamin

2009-01-01

343

Mind the Gap: Governance Mechanisms and Health Workforce Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Attempts at health system reform have not been as successful as governments and health authorities had hoped. Working from the premise that health system governance and changes to the workforce are at the heart of health system performance, we conducted a systematic review examining how they are linked. Key messages from the report are that: (1) leadership, communication and engagement are crucial to workforce change; (2) workforce outcomes need to be considered in conjunction with patient outcomes; and (3) decision-makers and researchers need to work together to develop an evidence base to inform future reform planning. PMID:25410700

Hastings, Stephanie E.; Mallinson, Sara; Armitage, Gail D.; Jackson, Karen; Suter, Esther

2014-01-01

344

The Norwegian Hospital Reform: Balancing Political Control and Enterprise Autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay focuses on the balance between governmental control and enterprise autonomy by examining the Norwegian hospital reform. We describe the enterprise model and give a description of the policy instruments that the govern- ment, as owner, has for exercising power and control vis-à-vis the health enterprises. How the trade-off between autonomy and control is experienced and practiced is analyzed

Per Lægreid; Ståle Opedal; Inger Marie Stigen

2005-01-01

345

Obesity and health system reform: private vs. public responsibility.  

PubMed

Obesity is a particularly vexing public health challenge, since it not only underlies much disease and health spending but also largely stems from repeated personal behavioral choices. The newly enacted comprehensive health reform law contains a number of provisions to address obesity. For example, insurance companies are required to provide coverage for preventive-health services, which include obesity screening and nutritional counseling. In addition, employers will soon be able to offer premium discounts to workers who participate in wellness programs that emphasize behavioral choices. These policies presume that government intervention to reduce obesity is necessary and justified. Some people, however, argue that individuals have a compelling interest to pursue their own health and happiness as they see fit, and therefore any government intervention in these areas is an unwarranted intrusion into privacy and one's freedom to eat, drink, and exercise as much or as little as one wants. This paper clarifies the overlapping individual, employer, and social interest in each person's health generally to avoid obesity and its myriad costs in particular. The paper also explores recent evidence on the impact of government interventions on obesity through case studies on food labeling and employer-based anti-obesity interventions. Our analysis suggests a positive role for government intervention to reduce and prevent obesity. At the same time, we discuss criteria that can be used to draw lines between government, employer, and individual responsibility for health, and to derive principles that should guide and limit government interventions on obesity as health reform's various elements (e.g., exchanges, insurance market reforms) are implemented in the coming years. PMID:21871035

Yang, Y Tony; Nichols, Len M

2011-01-01

346

Reforming Practice or Modifying Reforms?: Elementary Teachers' Response to the Tools of Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the interaction between internally constructed and externally imposed aspects of the teaching context may be the missing link between calls for school reform and teachers' interpretation and implementation of that reform. Although the context of the local school culture has a profound impact on teachers, there are other external…

Smith, Leigh K.; Southerland, Sherry A.

2007-01-01

347

House moves to block Internet censorship.  

PubMed

Congress has created conflicting amendments to the Communications Decency Act, an amendment to the telecommunications deregulation bill. The Senate amendment contains sweeping language barring objectionable communications online. Observers fear this will block online distribution of AIDS prevention information as well as bar responses by activist's of drug companies and government officials. The House amendments seek to protect online services from liability if they restrict access to objectionable materials, while another amendment seeks to modify obscenity laws to criminalize only some forms of online speech. These conflicts are to be resolved in a House-Senate conference committee whose meeting date is yet to be decided. PMID:11362631

Mirken, B

1995-08-18

348

Reading Like a Historian: Progressive Social Reformers SAC  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students analyze primary sources and engage in a Structured Academic Controversy in an effort to answer the central historical question: What were the attitudes of Progressive social reformers toward immigrants? Students first read their textbook’s passage on the Social Gospel and Settlement Houses. The teacher reviews the material, emphasizing main points, and then streams a brief film clip (link included) about women in the Progressive era. Students then divide into groups of 4 and into pairs within each group. Each pair presents the argument to the other that social reformers were either (Pair A) generous and helpful or (Pair B) condescending and judgmental. Only at the end can students abandon their previous positions, reach consensus in writing as a group, and defend that view in a final class discussion: how did social attitudes then differ from those of today?

Stanford History Education Group

2012-10-22

349

The Low-Income Housing Program in the Louisiana and Mississippi Gulf Opportunity Zones  

E-print Network

of the damaged or destroyed units likely affected the affordable housing market. The lack of rental housing increased rental prices in both states after the storm,33 creating an even deeper affordable housing need...1 Texas A&M University The Bush School of Government and Public Service The Low-Income Housing Program in the Louisiana and Mississippi Gulf Opportunity Zone For The Congressional Research Service Contract...

Christman, Casey; Johnson, David; Rho, Eunju; Stein, Eric; Taylor, Beth

2008-01-01

350

Electronic government: Government capability and terrorist resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

The federal government's war on terrorism has heightened understanding and appreciation of the many facets of electronic government. Electronic government is used as a resource in the war on terrorism, helping to prevent and prepare for attacks. It might also prove useful in recovering from attacks. Unfortunately, e-government itself is a likely target for terrorists. Cyber intrusions into government Web

L. Elaine Halchin

2004-01-01

351

Public Housing, Housing Vouchers and Student Achievement: Evidence from Public Housing Demolitions in Chicago  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a substantial shift from public housing to voucher-based housing assistance over the past decade, largely in response to the rising cost of public housing and the high rates of crime, unemployment and school failure among public housing residents. Despite this shift, there is relatively little evidence on the impact of public housing or housing vouchers on educational

Brian A. Jacob

2003-01-01

352

Health aid and governance in developing countries.  

PubMed

Despite anecdotal evidence that the quality of governance in recipient countries affects the allocation of international health aid, there is no quantitative evidence on the magnitude of this effect, or on which dimensions of governance influence donor decisions. We measure health-aid flows over 1995-2006 for 109 aid recipients, matching aid data with measures of different dimensions of governance and a range of country-specific economic and health characteristics. Everything else being equal, countries with more political rights receive significantly more aid, but so do countries with higher corruption levels. The dependence of aid on political rights, even when we control for other governance indicators, suggests that health aid is sometimes used as an incentive to reward political reforms. PMID:20575152

Fielding, David

2011-07-01

353

[The political project and governance capacities].  

PubMed

This article presents a theoretical overview of personal and institutional governance capacities (experience, leadership and knowledge on the individual level, and organizational capital available on the institutional level) and their relationship to politics and policies in the Latin American context. Using the theoretical production of Carlos Matus regarding the act of governing, diverse dimensions of this problem are put into discussion in relation to other authors and experiences in different historical moments. Theories, methods and techniques of government are explored and the need for state reform with an internal logic is analyzed. It is concluded that there is a need to build a theory for the practice of governing/managing public organizations, and this construction requires creative actions that use theory as a toolbox. PMID:23995541

Spinelli, Hugo

2012-01-01

354

Post-Tsunami Reconstruction in Sri Lanka: Houses or Housing?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reconstruction can be an opportunity to address longer-term livelihood vulnerability within poor communities and households, and to empower the most vulnerable. The post-tsunami reconstruction efforts in Sri Lanka can be seen on two disconnected scales. On a local scale there seems to be a growing recognition by district-level government and NGOs on the importance of households in creating social, human and financial capital, as demonstrated by many programs targeted at rebuilding livelihoods and income-generating activities. On a national scale, however, programs have revealed an emphasis on houses as the physical capital rather than housing as the arena of social and economic life. The aim of national-scale programs is to deliver tangible and quantifiable products, in the form of houses built, often without regard of whether this complements or disrupts livelihoods. One example of such a directive is the implementation of a coastal buffer zone which will ban any new construction within a 100 to 200 meter band from the ocean and allowing only structures that sustained less than 40 percent damage to remain and rebuild. In general these kind of surviving structures along the coast are businesses such as hotels and restaurants. In an island nation such as Sri Lanka, where beach front property is by and large considered low-income housing, typically inhabited by fishermen who rely on the ocean for their livelihoods, the buffer zone constitutes a drastic oversight of local processes shaping these households. The product-oriented solution on the national scale has resulted in building permanent houses for fishery communities in resettlement sites kilometers away from the ocean. The focus of this presentation will be on reconciling the need for immediate shelter needs with a long-term perspective of livelihood rehabilitation using Sri Lanka as a case study. Houses themselves are often not an immediate priority for local people, whose first need is likely to resume income-generating activities. In normal times, building houses is seen as a multi-stage process often fitted around the local economic calendar: annual farming or fishing cycles for example. Disaster victims may choose to stay in makeshift shelters in the short term, hoping to have more time, money or materials for rebuilding later. A major challenge for the tsunami-stricken areas in Sri Lanka is to find ways of widening public participation in what to date has been a governmental framework that operates on two disconnected scales in its reconstruction efforts. There is a general absence of mechanisms for incorporating community participation into the governmental decision-making process. Local governments might have also been expected to play a larger role in recovery decision making, but frequently lack both the resources and the authority to become actively involved. Lack of participation in the construction process, has led on an over-reliance on outsiders, reinforcing an attitude of raised expectations.

Khazai, B.; Franco, G.; Ingram, J. C.; Rumbaitis del Rio, C.

2005-12-01

355

Reforming the mission of public dental services.  

PubMed

Australia has a complex history of providing public dental services to its communities. From the early days of Colonial settlement, the provision of dental care to the Australian public has largely been driven and influenced by organized groups and associations of dentists. The Constitution of Australia, under Section 51 xxiii A, allows for the Commonwealth to provide for medical and dental services. Unlike the United Kingdom, however, dental services have not been embedded into a universal national health service agenda. In 1974, that the Australian Government through the Australian School Dental Program provided the first funding and national direction for public dental services - and that, limited to children. The Commonwealth Dental Health Program 1993-1997 was the second national endeavor to provide public dental services, this time to financially disadvantaged adults. Since that time, public dental service responsibility has been shuttled between States/Territories and the Commonwealth. A new paradigm for public dental services in Australia requires strong Commonwealth leadership, as well as the commitment of State and Territories and the organized dental profession. The National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission provided the most recent scenario for a radical change in mission. This paper canvases the competing roles of strategic, functional, and structural issues in relationship to social network and policy issues, which must be recognized if Australians truly seek to reform public dental services. PMID:22998313

Wright, F A C; List, P F

2012-10-01

356

Public pension reform, demographics, and inequality.  

PubMed

"Starting from a simple, descriptive model of individual income, an explicit link between the age composition of a population and the personal distribution of incomes is established. Demographic effects on income inequality are derived. Next, a pay-as-you-go financed state pension system is introduced. The resulting government budget constraint entails interrelations between fiscal and demographic variables, causing an additional, indirect demographic impact on the distribution. This is shown not only to change, but in some cases even to reverse the distributional incidence of an aging population. Several policy conflicts arise. The point is re-emphasized by an analysis of the German Pension Reform Act of 1992. The study reveals that the design of the pension formula decisively drives the relation between demographics and inequality." PMID:12319695

Von Weizsacker, R K

1995-05-01

357

China's Banking Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the main problems facing the Chinese banking system and concludes that, despite serious problems, the risk seems small that, in the near future, a financial crisis will occur that will pose severe problems for the international financial system. An internal financial crisis, however, could occur. Without government support, the economic viability of many of China's banks is

Dick Nanto; Radha Sinha

2002-01-01

358

Fairbanks House Historical Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In an inner ring suburb of Boston there sits a home that is over 350 years old. The home was constructed in 1640 in Dedham, and it is considered the oldest timber frame house identified in North America. Visitors to the Boston region area shouldn't miss it, however those who are unable to visit can learn more about this remarkable domicile on this website. Visitors will find plenty of interesting information in the sections titled "The House", "History", and "The Family". In "The House" section, visitors can learn about the houses' unusual history, and view a slideshow of images of the exterior and the interior. Moving over to "History", visitors will find period photographs and documents that provide insightful stories into the house's past inhabitants. Finally, the site also has a fine archaeological blog which talks about the various work that has been done on the house and the grounds.

359

Public School Reform, Expectations, and Capitalization: What Signals Quality to Homebuyers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers new evidence on how housing markets capitalize school quality information. We use school assessment measures and house transaction data from a single school district that is coterminous with a unified city-county local government to examine the effects of two school assignment policy changes. The unusual school district-city-county government structure minimizes property tax rate and public service variation

Velma Zahirovic-Herbert; Geoffrey K. Turnbull

2009-01-01

360

NASA Tech House  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Technology Utilization House, called Tech House, was designed and constructed at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, to demonstrate new technology that is available or will be available in the next several years and how the application of aerospace technology could help advance the homebuilding industry. Solar energy use, energy and water conservation, safety, security, and cost were major considerations in adapting the aerospace technology to the construction of Tech House.

1977-01-01

361

Applications of solar reforming technology  

SciTech Connect

Research in recent years has demonstrated the efficient use of solar thermal energy for driving endothermic chemical reforming reactions in which hydrocarbons are reacted to form synthesis gas (syngas). Closed-loop reforming/methanation systems can be used for storage and transport of process heat and for short-term storage for peaking power generation. Open-loop systems can be used for direct fuel production; for production of syngas feedstock for further processing to specialty chemicals and plastics and bulk ammonia, hydrogen, and liquid fuels; and directly for industrial processes such as iron ore reduction. In addition, reforming of organic chemical wastes and hazardous materials can be accomplished using the high-efficiency destruction capabilities of steam reforming. To help identify the most promising areas for future development of this technology, we discuss in this paper the economics and market potential of these applications.

Spiewak, I. [Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovoth (Israel); Tyner, C.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Langnickel, U. [Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Koeln (Germany)

1993-11-01

362

Why Do Policy Leaders Adopt Global Education Reforms? A Political Analysis of SBM Reform Adoption in Post-Conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a political analysis of school-based management reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). School-based management (SBM), based on the principle of school autonomy and community participation, is a school governance system introduced in many parts of the world, including post-conflict nations. Such a phenomenon seems to follow the…

Komatsu, Taro

2013-01-01

363

University Housing and Dining Services Student Family Housing Rental Agreement  

E-print Network

University Housing and Dining Services Student Family Housing Rental Agreement Effective August 1 is for a space in University Housing and Dining Services (UHDS) Student Family Housing apartment complex at http://oregonstate.edu/admin/stucon/), Student Handbooks, and the University Housing and Dining

Escher, Christine

364

[Reforms and demographic crisis].  

PubMed

During reformation years all basic medical and demographic indices have undergone negative changes in Russia. Since 1992 there has been a steady-state decrease in the population due to the fact that mortality rates are extremely greater than birth ones. In 2001, the Russian population reduced in number by nearly a million. The birth rates are twice less than that requires for a simple reproduction of generations. Extremely high death rates remain among the population, in able-bodied males. The main reasons for the demographic crisis are the negative consequences of the implemented reforms rather than the transition from traditional to the new present-day reproduction of the population. It is problematic now to correct the situation via active migration of Russian-speaking persons. This requires enormous funds to provide comers with jobs and dwelling. It is unreal to diminish annual departure of 100 thousand persons, mainly young educated professionals from the country, though it is joust not only a demographic, but a strategic problem. In 2001 there was a some rise in birth rates. But this is the most illusive way of solving the demographic crisis. Just in the USSR, the high educational level of the population, the socioeconomic emancipation of females and progress in medicine gave rise to the transition to the present-day reproduction of the population, which is characterized by low birth and death rates. So the population is unlikely to be replenished by high birth rates. The main way of overcoming the demographic crisis is to reduce mortality and not to allow young people to die prematurely. For this it is necessary to know the biological mechanisms responsible for extremely high mortality. It is most likely to be due to breakdown in the dynamic stereotype of higher nervous performance, as stated by I. P. Pavlov. Today it is insufficient to control alcoholism, traumatism, and smoking by healthy lifestyle propaganda in order to reduce death rates in Russian. All these disasters took place after the Great Patriotic War, but an aspiration for long and happy life was prevalent in the consciousness of the people who has won the war. At present, neither the whole able-bodied population nor all young people have an internal aim at living long. To overcome this tragic gap in the consciousness requires primarily a great working motivation. PMID:12187540

Velichkovski?, B T

2002-01-01

365

Rethinking local government reliance on the property tax  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, local governments in the United States have relied on the property tax as one of their main sources of own-source revenues. However, the recent collapse of housing prices and the resulting negative impact on local government budgets suggest that it may be opportune to rethink this strategy. In this paper we document the overall decline in property values in

James Alm; Robert D. Buschman; David L. Sjoquist

2011-01-01

366

Rethinking Local Government Reliance on the Property Tax  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, local governments in the United States have relied on the property tax as one of their main sources of own-source revenues. However, the recent collapse of housing prices and the resulting negative impact on local government budgets suggest that it may be opportune to rethink this strategy. In this paper we document the overall decline in property values in

James Alm; Robert D. Buschman; David L. Sjoquist

2012-01-01

367

Gateways to State and Local Government Information on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes some of the most useful gateways that can be used to access state and local government information on the Internet, including StateSearch, Council of State Governments, U.S. House of Representatives Internet Law Library, LC MARVEL, CityNet, California Home Page, and New York State Library Gopher. (LRW)

Maxwell, Bruce

1995-01-01

368

Finding Canadian Government Pubs.  

E-print Network

Finding Canadian Government Pubs. Econ 773 Peggy Findlay Reference Librarian Mills Research Help 2 Objectives Finding print Canadian government publications Electronic Canadian government publications Census Information/ Survey Data #12;Finding Canadian Documents ­ Econ 773 Finding Print Canadian Government

Haykin, Simon

369

Government Organization: 1997 Census of Governments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As required by US law, a census of governments is undertaken every five years. As with the previous one, the 1997 census covers three major fields: government organization, public employment, and government finances. Recently released by the US Census Bureau, this is the first volume of the 1997 census. "The report contains the official counts of the number of state and local governments. It also includes tabulations of government by state, type of government, size, and county location." The report is available in .pdf format and consists of an introduction, a number of tables, and lengthy appendixes containing individual state descriptions, definitions, and county-type areas without county governments.

370

Indonesian heath care and the economic crisis: is managed care the needed reform?  

PubMed

The ramifications of the current economic crisis are being felt throughout Asia, but problems are particularly acute in Indonesia; in the midst of high inflation and unemployment the government is considering expanding managed care reform. In this paper, we discuss the impact of the recent economic crisis on the health sector in Indonesia, and analyze the potential for implementing effective reform following the managed care model. The health sector is discussed, highlighting pre-existing problems in the health care supply environment. The determinants of the economic crisis are summarized, and the broad impacts of the crisis to date on the health sector are assessed. Next the prospects for success of current managed-care reform proposals are examined in some detail: viability of expanded managed care reform measures are assessed in light of the continuing crisis and its likely impacts on the consumers and suppliers of health care. Analysis of the potential impact of the continuing crisis focuses on key participants in health care reform: households, the government, and private health care providers. In conclusion the potential viability of managed care appears poor, given the current economic, political, and institutional conditions and likely future impacts, and suggest some alternative reform measures. PMID:10351668

Hotchkiss, D R; Jacobalis, S

1999-03-01

371

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2011-01-01

372

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2013-01-01

373

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2012-01-01

374

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2014-01-01

375

Before the Government Reform Subcommittee on Government Efficiency and Financial Management  

E-print Network

). The Office of Inspector General has identified NASA's efforts to improve financial management as one within time frames the Office of Management and Budget established. The disclaimer on the FY 2003 of dependency on a new automated financial management system. The reports that the independent auditor submitted

Christian, Eric

376

Housing in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

INDES provides training programmes for public officials in Latin America and the Caribbean .Its current courses currently emphasize strategies for poverty reduction and the provision of social services, particularly education and health. INDES is considering extending its programme to include discussion of a current orphan of social policy, housing and shelter. This poses three questions. First, why is housing deserving

Alan Gilbert

2001-01-01

377

Housing and Residential Life  

E-print Network

with University policy. The Department of Housing and Residential Life will strive to educate our students outside! The Housing & Residential Life staff is excited that you've moved home! Florida Atlantic University residence of Rights Rules and Regulations Safety & Preparedness University Property STUDENT LIFE RESOURCES Department

Fernandez, Eduardo

378

Housing System Financial Statements  

E-print Network

through comprehension and strategic planning for the future. Operating revenues for the Housing Department had the ability to attend some professional development events. The Department purchased furniture associated with the Housing operations. In prior fiscal years, the University reported the liability for its

Fernandez, Eduardo

379

Multiple pump housing  

DOEpatents

A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott; Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

2010-03-23

380

A Functional Housing Market  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school teacher Susan Boone asks students to complete mathematical problems on housing prices using the Internet at the Functional Housing Market lesson site. Detailed instructions are provided, and a collection of real estate links from Houston, TX and beyond gives students a sense of real estate information on the Web.

381

Thomas Aldrich House  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wm. Mckenzie Woodward describes it as an asymmetrical four bay Federal style house that was moved to Power Street from 39 Benevolent Street in 1950 to make room for the Wriston Quadrangle of Brown University. While it was built by Aldrich, a painter, the house was occupied by Sarah Helen Whitman as a literary salon, seance parlor and sanitarium for

Chet Smolski

1974-01-01

382

Ndebele Inspired Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The house paintings of the South African Ndebele people are more than just an attempt to improve the aesthetics of a community; they are a source of identity and significance for Ndebele women. In this article, the author describes an art project wherein students use the tradition of Ndebele house painting as inspiration for creating their own…

Rice, Nicole

2012-01-01

383

Work Hours Regulations for House Staff in Psychiatry: Bad or Good for Residency Training?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The movement to limit work hours for house staff has gained momentum in recent years. The authors set out to review the literature on work hours reform, particularly as it applies to psychiatric residency training, and to provide two different viewpoints on the controversy. Methods: The authors present the historical background of work…

Rasminsky, Sonya; Lomonaco, Allison; Auchincloss, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

384

Outcomes Approaches to Assessment: Comparing Non-Government and Government Case-Study Schools in Western Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key feature of recent curriculum reform in post-industrialised liberal economies has been the ascendancy of outcomes-based education policies. A 1995 review conducted in Western Australia (WA) recommended an outcomes-based approach, and in response, the Curriculum Framework (CF) was released in 1998. The same year, the WA State government

Griffiths, Joanne; Vidovich, Lesley; Chapman, Anne

2008-01-01

385

Mexico's "ley de narcomenudeo" drug policy reform and the international drug control regime.  

PubMed

It has been over half a century since the landmark Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs was adopted, for the first time unifying international drug policy under a single treaty aimed at limiting use, manufacture, trade, possession, and trafficking of opiates, cannabis, and other narcotics. Since then, other international drug policy measures have been adopted, largely emphasizing enforcement-based approaches to reducing drug supply and use. Recently, in response to concerns that the historic focus on criminalization and enforcement has had limited effectiveness, international drug policies have begun to undergo a paradigm shift as countries seek to enact their own reforms to partially depenalize or deregulate personal drug use and possession. This includes Mexico, which in 2009 enacted national drug policy reform partially decriminalizing possession of small quantities of narcotics for personal consumption while also requiring drug treatment for repeat offenders. As countries move forward with their own reform models, critical assessment of their legal compatibility and effectiveness is necessary. In this commentary we conduct a critical assessment of the compatibility of Mexico's reform policy to the international drug policy regime and describe its role in the current evolving drug policy environment. We argue that Mexico's reform is consistent with flexibilities allowed under international drug treaty instruments and related commentaries. We also advocate that drug policy reforms and future governance efforts should be based on empirical evidence, emphasize harm reduction practices, and integrate evidence-based evaluation and implementation of drug reform measures. PMID:25395346

Mackey, Tim K; Werb, Daniel; Beletsky, Leo; Rangel, Gudelia; Arredondo, Jaime; Strathdee, Steffanie A

2014-01-01

386

THE HEALTH INSURANCE PROVISIONS OF THE 2009 CONGRESSIONAL HEALTH REFORM BILLS: IMPLICATIONS FOR COVERAGE, AFFORDABILITY, AND COSTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report analyzes the provisions of the health reform bills passed by the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate that seek to expand and improve health insurance coverage. It focuses on: the number of people who would likely gain coverage; under which program or plan they would be covered, and the consequences for federal financing; the estimated insurance premium and

Sara R. Collins; Karen Davis; Jennifer L. Nicholson; Sheila D. Rustgi; Rachel Nuzum

2010-01-01

387

US Government Balances Budget  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News discusses the recent announcement that the US government has effectively balanced the budget for the first time in 30 years. The eleven resources discussed offer a variety of information on this topic. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) recently issued revised projections showing that the federal budget is effectively in the black and should remain that way in the coming decade. The 1998 deficit was once forecast as high as $120 billion, but the new report shows that it will be only $5 billion, a very small amount compared to the overall annual federal budget of $1.7 trillion. If the economy continues to grow at the same steady pace, lawmakers can expect the last vestiges of the deficit to disappear by 2001 and see surpluses as large as $138 billion by 2008. Despite warnings that the economy could slow down and concerns over spending money we do not yet have, lawmakers and the White House are already contemplating ways to spend this expected windfall. Both parties favor some sort of tax cut, with Republicans calling for a larger and more immediate cut than Democrats. The president and many Democrats have declared their support for smaller tax cuts along with expansion of Medicare, child care and other programs. Speaker Newt Gingrich also has called for more spending for defense, highways and scientific research in the event of a surplus.

De Nie, Michael W.

1998-01-01

388

Health Care Reform: Out Greatest Opportunity...Ever!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses inevitability of health care reform in United States, considers the reform process itself, and explains the plan of the President's Task Force on National Health Care Reform. Also considers the prospects for Congressional response to reform proposals. (NB)

Keigher, Sharon M.

1993-01-01

389

Eccentric housing finance sources by the urban poor in Zimbabwe: case of Cowdray Park low-income self help housing scheme in Bulawayo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zimbabwe has a sombre housing crisis in all its urban centres. All attempts by the government to vary housing delivery systems to ameliorate the problem have proved futile as the backlog it inherited from the colonial masters continues to soar. The situation has however been exacerbated by 2005 demolitions and evictions in the country’s major cities that destroyed homes and

Trynos GUMBO

2010-01-01

390

Housing And Mounting Structure  

DOEpatents

This invention relates to an optical transmitter, receiver or transceiver module, and more particularly, to an apparatus for connecting a first optical connector to a second optical connector. The apparatus comprises: (1) a housing having at least a first end and at least a second end, the first end of the housing capable of receiving the first optical connector, and the second end of the housing capable of receiving the second optical connector; (2) a longitudinal cavity extending from the first end of the housing to the second end of the housing; and (3) an electromagnetic shield comprising at least a portion of the housing. This invention also relates to an apparatus for housing a flexible printed circuit board, and this apparatus comprises: (1) a mounting structure having at least a first surface and a second surface; (2) alignment ridges along the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure, the alignment ridges functioning to align and secure a flexible printed circuit board that is wrapped around and attached to the first and second surfaces of the mounting structure; and (3) a series of heat sink ridges adapted to the mounting structure, the heat sink ridges functioning to dissipate heat that is generated from the flexible printed circuit board.

Anderson, Gene R. (Albuquerque, NM); Armendariz, Marcelino G. (Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Johnny R.F. (Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Robert P. (Albuquerque, NM); Carson, Richard F. (Albuquerque, NM); Duckett, III, Edwin B. (Albuquerque, NM); McCormick, Frederick B. (Albuquerque, NM); Miller, Gregory V. (Kansas City, MO); Peterson, David W. (Sandia Park, NM); Smith, Terrance T. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-03-08

391

Community Participation in New Mexico's Behavioral Health Care Reform  

PubMed Central

In 2005, New Mexico implemented a unique reform in managed behavioral health services that seeks to ensure delivery of consumer-driven, recovery-oriented care to low-income individuals. Distinguishing features of the reform are the Local Collaboratives (LCs), regionally based community organizations designed by state government to represent behavioral health concerns of New Mexico's diverse cultural populations. We examine community response to the LCs, focusing on two broad sets of themes derived from 18 months of ethnographic fieldwork. The first set—structure and function—encompasses several issues: predominance of provider versus consumer voice; insufficient resources to support internal operations; imposition of state administrative demands; and perceived lack of state response to LC efforts. The second set—participation and collaboration—reveals how problems of information flow and other logistical factors impact involvement in LCs and how the construction of “community” introduced under this initiative exacerbates tensions across localities with varied histories and populations. PMID:19764315

Kano, Miria; Willging, Cathleen E.; Rylko-Bauer, Barbara

2010-01-01

392

Co-Producing Early Years Policy in England under the Coalition Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the first half of the current Coalition Government, co-production--a form of participatory governance--was implemented widely in the conceptualization, design and implementation of early years policies. Seen as a revolutionary approach to public service reform, resulting in more effective and more cost-effective public services, the joint…

Lloyd, Eva

2014-01-01

393

Charging for free education: an exploration of a debate in school governing bodies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal judgements delivered in recent years have impelled the government to redefine the meaning of free education. This redefinition was one of the miscellaneous measures included in the Education Reform Act. In contrast to former years, much of the responsibility for ensuring that schools only charge for those activities that they are legally entitled to, now falls to school governing

Kevin Brehony; Rosemary Deem

1990-01-01

394

Fostering Good Governance at School Level in Honduras: The Role of Transparency Bulletin Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Corruption is at the core of weak governance. In the education sector, corruption is a threat to the quality of and access to education. Although the diagnosis is straightforward, effective reforms are more difficult to implement. The principles of good governance (transparency, participation, accountability, and integrity) provide us guidance,…

Boehm, Frédéric; Caprio, Temby

2014-01-01

395

Health governance: principal-agent linkages and health system strengthening.  

PubMed

Governance is increasingly recognized as an important factor in health system performance, yet conceptually and practically it remains poorly understood and subject to often vague and competing notions of both what its role is and how to address its weaknesses. This overview article for the symposium on health governance presents a model of health governance that focuses on the multiplicity of societal actors in health systems, the distribution of roles and responsibilities among them and their ability and willingness to fulfil these roles and responsibilities. This focus highlights the principal-agent linkages among actors and the resulting incentives for good governance and health system performance. The discussion identifies three disconnects that constitute challenges for health system strengthening interventions that target improving governance: (1) the gap between the good governance agenda and existing capacities, (2) the discrepancy between formal and informal governance and (3) the inattention to sociopolitical power dynamics. The article summarizes the three country cases in the symposium and highlights their governance findings: health sector reform in China, financial management of health resources in Brazilian municipalities and budget reform in hospitals in Lesotho. The concluding sections clarify how the three cases apply the model's principal-agent linkages and highlight the importance of filling the gaps remaining between problem diagnosis and the development of practical guidance that supports 'best fit' solutions and accommodates political realities in health systems strengthening. PMID:23411121

Brinkerhoff, Derick W; Bossert, Thomas J

2014-09-01

396

The essence of governance in health development  

PubMed Central

Background Governance and leadership in health development are critically important for the achievement of the health Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other national health goals. Those two factors might explain why many countries in Africa are not on track to attain the health MDGs by 2015. This paper debates the meaning of 'governance in health development', reviews briefly existing governance frameworks, proposes a modified framework on health development governance (HDG), and develops a HDG index. Discussion We argue that unlike 'leadership in health development', 'governance in health development' is the sole prerogative of the Government through the Ministry of Health, which can choose to delegate (but not abrogate) some of the governance tasks. The general governance domains of the UNDP and the World Bank are very pertinent but not sufficient for assessment of health development governance. The WHO six domains of governance do not include effective external partnerships for health, equity in health development, efficiency in resource allocation and use, ethical practises in health research and service provision, and macroeconomic and political stability. The framework for assessing health systems governance developed by Siddiqi et al also does not include macroeconomic and political stability as a separate principle. The Siddiqi et al framework does not propose a way of scoring the various governance domains to facilitate aggregation, inter-country comparisons and health development governance tracking over time. This paper argues for a broader health development governance framework because other sectors that assure human rights to education, employment, food, housing, political participation, and security combined have greater impact on health development than the health systems. It also suggests some amendments to Siddigi et al's framework to make it more relevant to the broader concept of 'governance in health development' and to the WHO African Region context. Summary A strong case for broader health development governance framework has been made. A health development governance index with 10 functions and 42 sub-functions has been proposed to facilitate inter-country comparisons. Potential sources of data for estimating HDGI have been suggested. The Governance indices for individual sub-functions can aid policy-makers to establish the sources of weak health governance and subsequently develop appropriate interventions for ameliorating the situation. PMID:21443766

2011-01-01

397

School Finance Reform: Legality Turned Polity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses recent school finance litigation and legislation in Ohio resulting in school finance reform with an emphasis on educational adequacy. Focuses on the politics of school finance reform. (Contains 41 references.) (PKP)

Sweetland, Scott R.

2002-01-01

398

Bringing electricity reform to the Philippines  

SciTech Connect

Electricity reforms will not translate to competition overnight. But reforms are inching their way forward in institutions and stakeholders of the Philippine electricity industry, through regulatory and competition frameworks, processes, and systems promulgated and implemented. (author)

Fe Villamejor-Mendoza, Maria

2008-12-15

399

Health Care Reform and Alzheimer's Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... care and research. Subscribe now Medicare and the health care reform law Drug rebates for seniors At a ... Detection of possible cognitive impairment under Medicare The health care reform law created a new Medicare benefit to ...

400

Social security reform for economic transition: the case of the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines social security reform for transitional economies, using the Czech Republic as an example. Replacement of universal benefits by more generous but income-tested benefits helped the poor, while reducing government expenditure. However, it harmed those slightly above the poverty line and increased the combined marginal rates of tax and benefit withdrawal, especially for the poor. Changes to benefit

Fiona Coulter; Christopher Heady; Colin Lawson; Stephen Smith

1997-01-01

401

Transformative Education? A Philosophic-Augustinian Response to the 2010 Albertan Reform Initiatives in "Inspiring Education"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alberta Government's 2010 "Inspiring Education" reform proposals claim to be "transformational" in nature. This paper examines these proposals in light of ancient philosophy and various among the world's wisdom traditions. Drawing particularly on the philosophic reflections of St. Augustine in his "Confessions", it argues that the proposals…

Steel, Sean

2012-01-01

402

Competition and Leadership as Drivers in German and Norwegian University Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article analyses how steering and organisation of German and Norwegian universities have developed after both countries with Humboldtian university traditions introduced New Public Management-inspired governance reforms during the first decade of the 21st century. The article outlines different organisation ideals and values involved in…

Bleiklie, Ivar; Lange, Stefan

2010-01-01

403

Australian Teacher Education Reforms: Reinforcing the Problem or Providing a Solution?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational reform represents a long-term focus of Australian governments. National policy documents have emphasised quality education for all and improved teacher quality for over 30 years. The gaps in achievement among various groups of learners represent a problem for an education system seeking to achieve national quality benchmarks,…

O'Meara, James

2011-01-01

404

Formal vs. Non-Formal Vernacular Education: The Education Reform in Papua New Guinea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a community-based nonformal education movement in Papua New Guinea to use hundreds of the country's languages to teach initial literacy in local preschool and adult education programs. The article describes this movement, the proposed government reform of the English-only formal education system and the ensuing conflicts. (37 references)…

Siegel, Jeff

1997-01-01

405

The Art of War for Librarians: Academic Culture, Curriculum Reform, and Wisdom from Sun Tzu.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the need for campuswide, organizational change to address the academy culture to be successful and suggests that in order for librarians to be effective in initiating information literacy or other educational reforms they must be seen as equals by faculty, in teaching and in governance. (Author/LRW)

Kempcke, Ken

2002-01-01

406

How Leadership for an ICT Reform Is Distributed within a School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the process of information communication technology (ICT) reform in a government school in Singapore. The focus is on the distributed leadership actions performed by various individuals, and how the multiple leaders and their leadership practices interacted with one another.…

Seong, David Ng Foo; Ho, Jeanne Marie

2012-01-01

407

Reforming Higher Education in Hong Kong towards Post-Massification: The First Decade and Challenges Ahead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of reforming Hong Kong's higher education sector commenced in 2001, and the system moved into the post-massification era. Within five years, the post-secondary participation rate for the 17-20 age cohort had increased to 66 per cent. This target was achieved much earlier than the Government had planned. More educational opportunities…

Wan, Calvin

2011-01-01

408

Comparing Higher Education Reforms in Finland and Portugal: Different Contexts, Same Solutions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a comparative analysis of recent governance reforms in both Finnish and Portuguese higher education institutions (HEIs), following the OECD's recent reviews of both countries' tertiary education systems. While in the case of Finland the major problem was identified as being a lack of entrepreneurialism, Portugal was…

Kauko, Jaakko; Diogo, Sara

2012-01-01

409

New Management Systems in Norwegian Universities: The Interface Between Reform and Institutional Understanding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implementation and results of government-mandated "results-oriented planning" in Norwegian universities are analyzed using two approaches: the first looks at the effects of the initiative, and the second views the management reforms as cosmetic. It is found that while academic staff are involved in the new planning system, little effect has been…

Larsen, Ingvild Marheim; Gornitzka, Ase

1995-01-01

410

Labor Law Reform: The Regulation of Free Speech and Equal Access in NLRB Representational Elections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After examining the existing legal standards governing free speech and equal access in representation elections, the author analyzes various reform possibilities and suggests a unified approach for legislative action. Available from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, 3400 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104; $3.00 sc.…

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 1979

1979-01-01

411

Radical Administrative Reforms in New Zealand Education: The Implications of the Picot Report for Institutional Managers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are current statistics and a history of the New Zealand education system from the 1877 Education Act to the Picot Taskforce. Included are reform recommendations made by the Taskforce, particularly specific principal role expectations in the areas of facilitating governance, corporate planning, educational leadership, and management…

Macpherson, R. J. S.

1989-01-01

412

Neoliberal convergence in North America and Western Europe: fiscal austerity, privatization, and public sector reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses public sector reform in North America and Western Europe. The argument is made that recent comparative literatures have yet to adequately consider governments themselves, and how changes to their budgeting, operation, and collective bargaining structures have affected jobs and income inequality. Drawing on a range of recent OECD and trade union statistics, as well as qualitative studies,

John Peters

2011-01-01

413

Universities in Africa--The Need for Adaptation, Transformation, Reformation and Revitalization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most African universities were established to produce personnel for colonial or post-colonial governments, and were European models alien to the existing social structure that were transplanted to Africa. Despite their substantial accomplishments, African universities must evolve from their European heritage and re-form themselves for greater…

Amonoo-Neizer, Eugene H.

1998-01-01

414

Transnational Links of Afghan Madrasas: Implications for the Reform of Religious Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described as "terrorist factories", the South Asian madrasas have become the subject of great controversy since September 11, 2001. In Afghanistan, people commonly blame Pakistani madrasas for recruiting Afghan youth into militant groups. In response, the Afghan government has initiated a comprehensive reform of the Islamic education sector. Yet,…

Borchgrevink, Kaja

2013-01-01

415

Labor Market Rigidity and the Success of Economic Reforms across More than 100 Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

January 2001Labor market policies and institutions affect the success of economic reform but probably more for political than for economic reasons. Growth appears not to be hurt by minimum wages and mandatory benefits. But the relative size of organized labor (in government and elsewhere) is crucial.Forteza and Rama show that labor market policies and institutions affect the effectiveness of economic

Martin Rama; Alvaro Forteza

1999-01-01

416

The Structural Pension Reform in Chile: Effects, Comparisons with Other Latin American Reforms, and Lessons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chile pioneered a structural reform in Latin America that privatized its public pension system and influenced similar reforms in another nine countries. Twenty-five years later, this article evaluates the macroeconomic, microeconomic, and social effects of this reform in Chile and the other countries in the region, and extracts lessons from those experiences. Fiscal costs of the reform have been high

Alberto Arenas de Mesa; Carmelo Mesa-Lago

2006-01-01

417

Microeconomic Reform and the Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 260-page document from the Australian Productivity Commission details the proceedings of the Microeconomic Reform and the Environment, which took place on September 8, 2000 in Melbourne, Australia. The main body of the report is broken into four main sections, each dealing with a different sector of the environment: the water sector, the electricity sector, the transport sector, and the forest sector. Each section includes a short introduction to the main issues of each sector and the related workshop presentation summary. In some cases, discussions are also given. A short summary and epilogue wrap up Microeconomic Reform and the Environment.

418

Florence Nightingale and healthcare reform.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article was to examine the work of Florence Nightingale in light of her collaboration with William Farr, the eminent medical statistician. Nightingale's epidemiological investigations supported by Farr illustrated that attention to environmental cleanliness was an important factor in preventing spread of disease. Nightingale channeled her investigations to support hospital reforms and the need for an educated nurse who could provide better management of the hospital environment. Statistical support and solicited criticism allowed Nightingale to argue more forcefully for her reforms. PMID:16407602

Kudzma, Elizabeth Connelly

2006-01-01

419

Attrition resistant fluidizable reforming catalyst  

DOEpatents

A method of preparing a steam reforming catalyst characterized by improved resistance to attrition loss when used for cracking, reforming, water gas shift and gasification reactions on feedstock in a fluidized bed reactor, comprising: fabricating the ceramic support particle, coating a ceramic support by adding an aqueous solution of a precursor salt of a metal selected from the group consisting of Ni, Pt, Pd, Ru, Rh, Cr, Co, Mn, Mg, K, La and Fe and mixtures thereof to the ceramic support and calcining the coated ceramic in air to convert the metal salts to metal oxides.

Parent, Yves O. (Golden, CO); Magrini, Kim (Golden, CO); Landin, Steven M. (Conifer, CO); Ritland, Marcus A. (Palm Beach Shores, FL)

2011-03-29

420

Method of steam reforming methanol to hydrogen  

DOEpatents

The production of hydrogen by the catalyzed steam reforming of methanol is accomplished using a reformer of greatly reduced size and cost wherein a mixture of water and methanol is superheated to the gaseous state at temperatures of about 800.degree. to about 1,100.degree. F. and then fed to a reformer in direct contact with the catalyst bed contained therein, whereby the heat for the endothermic steam reforming reaction is derived directly from the superheated steam/methanol mixture.

Beshty, Bahjat S. (Lower Makefield, PA)

1990-01-01

421

2. Keeper's house, light tower and oil house, view north, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Keeper's house, light tower and oil house, view north, south and east sides of keeper's house, south side of tower and oil house - Owl's Head Light Station, Off State Highway 73 just east of Rockland on Owl's Head Bay, Owls Head, Knox County, ME

422

91. VIEW NORTHWEST OF SCRAP HOUSE AND CAST HOUSE, BUILDINGS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

91. VIEW NORTHWEST OF SCRAP HOUSE AND CAST HOUSE, BUILDINGS 101 AND 72; BUILDING 101 IN THE CENTER OF THE PHOTOGRAPH HOUSED SCRAP METAL CLEANING AND PROCESSING FACILITIES; BUILDING 72 AT RIGHT CENTER HOUSED MELTING FURNACES AND CONTINUOUS CASTING MACHINERY - Scovill Brass Works, 59 Mill Street, Waterbury, New Haven County, CT

423

Power and process: The politics of electricity sector reform in Uganda  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2007, Uganda had one of the lowest levels of access to electricity in the world. Given the influence of multilateral and bilateral agencies in Uganda; the strong international reputation and domestic influence of its President; the country's historic achievements in public sector and economic reform; and the intimate connection between economic performance, social well-being and access to electricity, the problems with Uganda's electricity sector have proven deeply frustrating and, indeed, puzzling. Following increased scholarly attention to the relationship between political change, policymaking, and public sector reform in sub-Saharan Africa and the developing world generally, this thesis examines the multilevel politics of Uganda's electricity sector reform process. This study contends that explanations for Uganda's electricity sector reform problems generally, and hydroelectric dam construction efforts specifically, must move beyond technical and financial factors. Problems in this sector have also been the result of a model of reform (promoted by the World Bank) that failed adequately to account for the character of political change. Indeed, the model of reform that was promoted and implemented was risky and it was deeply antagonistic to domestic and international civil society organizations. In addition, it was presented as a linear, technical, apolitical exercise. Finally the model was inconsistent with key principles the Bank itself, and public policy literature generally, suggest are needed for success. Based on this analysis, the thesis contends that policymaking and reform must be understood as deeply political processes, which not only define access to services, but also participation in, and exclusion from, national debates. Future approaches to reform and policymaking must anticipate the complex, multilevel, non-linear character of 'second-generation' policy issues like electricity, and the political and institutional capacity needed to increase the potential for success. At the heart of this approach is a need to carefully consider how the character of state-society relations in the country---"governance"---will influence reform processes and outcomes.

Gore, Christopher David

424

Conceptions of systemic reform: California science education as an investigative example  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored three perspectives of systemic reform in the context of the California state strategies for improving science education. The three perspectives are those of conceptualizers, implementers, and government administrators. The California case study is examined during the ten-year period from 1983 to 1993. This study is of particular significance, because it examines science education reforms during the ten-year period of Bill Honig's state superintendency in the largest and most diverse state. By examining the facets of state science reforms from three rather different perspectives, the study contrasts how systemic reform definitions vary with role. This qualitative study employs document analysis, archival reviews, and participant interviews as the primary data collection methods. Document analysis included key curriculum frameworks, project proposals and reports, relevant legislation, and professional correspondence. Archival reviews included databases (such as the California Basic Educational Data System), assessment reports (such as the California Assessment Program---Rationale and Content), and policy analyses (such as the Policy Analysis for California Education---Conditions of Education). Interviews were conducted for each of the three perspectives across five segments of the reform strategy for a total of fifteen interviews. Data analysis consisted of combining detailed reviews of documents, archives, and interview information with an examination of perspectives, by role group. The study concludes with an analysis of how each role group perceived the facets of systemic reform in the context of the California case study of science education reform. In addition, the research points to "lessons learned", the strengths and weaknesses of systemic reform strategies at the state level. The study offers recommendations to other large-scale (state level) policy reformers interested in creating, sustaining, and maintaining lasting change.

Sachse, Thomas Paul

425

Housing markets : Mexico  

E-print Network

What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

2009-01-01

426

Atrium House solar revitalization  

E-print Network

The idea behind the Atrium House Solar Revitalization project, may be briefly presented as: energy conserving, low rise, high density, related- to- the-sky residences. The proposed system consists of a reticulate grid - ...

Malamuceanu, Dan Roland

1984-01-01

427

Outsourcing Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes discussion at a recent program of the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) regarding the trend toward privatized student housing; discussion highlighted market conditions, financing, and operations. (EV)

Cirino, Anna Marie

2003-01-01

428

Considerations When Housing  

E-print Network

and drawbacks, but horse health should be in the forefront when planning a facility. Less than ideal housing's skeletal system is very responsive to exercise and diet since the growing bones are elongating

429

Gingerbread-House Geometry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a sixth-grade interdisciplinary geometry unit based on Charles Dickens's "A Christmas Carol". Focuses on finding area, volume, and perimeter, and working with estimation, decimals, and fractions in the context of making gingerbread houses. (ASK)

Emenaker, Charles E.

1999-01-01

430

Social scientists prompt educational reforms 2  

E-print Network

Social scientists prompt educational reforms 2 Museum exhibit project 3 On the BookShelf 3 of the 1998 national curricula reforms. For Takehiko Kariya, a professor at the University of Tokyo's Graduate School of Education and one of the reforms' most vocal critics, this shift confirmed what his and other

Shahriar, Selim

431

Assessing Students' Conceptions of Reform Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the use of National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored, reform- oriented mathematics curricula has become more prevalent across the U.S., an increasing number of researchers are attempting to study the "impact" of reform. In particular, mathematics educators are interested in determining whether reforms are having the desired effects on…

Star, Jon R.; Hoffmann, Amanda J.

432

Educational reform, ability and family background  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we evaluate the impact of a major school reform, that took place in the 1950s in Sweden, on educational attainment and earnings. The reform, which has many common elements with reforms in other European countries including the UK, consisted of increasing compulsor schooling, imposing a national curriculum and abolishing selectionby ability into Academic and non-academic streams at

Costas Meghir; Mårten Palme

2004-01-01

433

Community Organizing as an Education Reform Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community organizing for school reform offers an urgently needed alternative to traditional approaches to school change. Many current reforms fail to thrive due to lack of trust, understanding, or cultural relevance to the community being targeted. The high turnover of reformers (superintendents, principals, or outside organizations) in high-need…

Renee, Michelle; McAlister, Sara

2011-01-01

434

Low severity hydrocarbon steam reforming process  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process is described for producing ammonia which comprises: (a) primary catalytically reforming at super atmospheric pressure in a direct-fired primary reforming zone, a hydrocarbon feedstock with steam to produce a gas containing carbon oxides, hydrogen and methane; (b) secondary catalytically reforming the gas from step (a) by introducing air and bringing the mixture towards equilibrium thereby producing a secondary

R. M. Osman; R. G. Byington

1986-01-01

435

Reformation and Resistance in American Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Nurses' Association's "First Position on Nursing" (1965), one instance of attempted reformation in American nursing education, recommends that nursing education should take place in institutions of higher education. Failures of this suggested reform seem to relate directly to the reform's incongruence with the continued or increased…

Miller, Lucy Heim

436

Reforms in Science Education, K-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As powerful as the compelling reasons for reform in science education are, there is also uncertainty about where this reform may lead. This special issue focuses on reform in K-12 science education. The 23 articles in this book are placed in the following sections: (1) In this issue, (2) Project 2061, (3) The Scope, Sequence and Coordination…

School of Education Review, 1993

1993-01-01

437

A Brief Biography of Calculus Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflects on the history of the calculus reform movement and the development of course implementation projects, including use of technology in instruction. Highlights several themes permeating reform courses: reform calculus is more hands-on, students are expected to understand complex mathematical concepts in more connected ways, and new…

Schoenfeld, Alan H.

1995-01-01

438

Dorothea Dix : Student, Reformer and Crusader  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dix began her prison reform work by visiting prisons across the country, and two systems emerged as the models of reform. Dix sought a total reform of the system, of both its physical structures, and more importantly, its programs and systems. In order to have a better understanding of the prison systems, Dix traveled throughout the country, visiting prisons, meeting

Megan Kokontis

2007-01-01

439

Sparking the Debate over Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author distinguishes between traditional talk and reform talk. These two forms of approaches are often used in discussions concerning reforms in science instruction. Traditional talk focuses on student acquisition of scientific facts, concepts, principles, and skills while reform talk emphasizes that teachers must challenge…

Windschitl, Mark

2006-01-01

440

Reform and Transform with the Arts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When school leaders think of reform, their first thought is rarely "the arts," but perhaps they've been missing a vehicle that can inspire the adoption of best practices on a schoolwide basis. School leaders across Georgia are using the arts in the core reform areas that were recommended in "Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for High School Reform" as…

Wilson, Mark

2009-01-01

441

Reflections on Assessment, Accountability, and School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the only stable aspect of American education is a persistent drumbeat for reform. Notes that ideas on reform will change, that new prescriptions will become old and old ones will be circulated again, and that real school reform will come slowly, if at all. Introduces four articles in this journal that deal with assessment,…

Underwood, Terry L.

2001-01-01

442

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GUARD HOUSE AND SOUTH FIRE HOUSE, VICINITY MAP. (Shows the Guard House and Barracks, and South Fire House in relation to nearby roads, railroad tracks, and the piers). Navy Yard, Mare Island, California. P.W. Drawing No. C-1899, approved 1941; file no. 930-C-1. Scale one inch to forty feet. 72 cn x 97 cm. Ink on vellum - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Guard House & Barracks, Railroad Avenue near Eighteenth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

443

Open government information awareness  

E-print Network

In the United States, there is a widening gap between a citizen's ability to monitor his or her government and the government's ability to monitor a citizen. Average citizens have limited access to important government ...

McKinley, Ryan, 1976-

2003-01-01

444

12 CFR 1282.21 - Housing plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.21 Housing plans. (a) General...an Enterprise will fail, to meet any housing goal and that the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible, the Director may...

2013-01-01

445

12 CFR 1282.21 - Housing plans.  

...ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.21 Housing plans. (a) General...an Enterprise will fail, to meet any housing goal and that the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible, the Director may...

2014-01-01

446

12 CFR 1282.22 - Housing plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.22 Housing plans. (a...that an Enterprise will fail to meet any housing goal and that the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible, the Director may...

2010-01-01

447

12 CFR 1282.21 - Housing plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION Housing Goals § 1282.21 Housing plans. (a) General...an Enterprise will fail, to meet any housing goal and that the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible, the Director may...

2012-01-01

448

www.iisd.org/tkn 2012 The International Institute for Sustainable Development The Australian Government's  

E-print Network

Government's Illegal Logging Prohibition Bill: WTO implications Duncan Brack, Chatham House with Alexander C The Australian Government's Illegal Logging Prohibition Bill: WTO implications iiii © 2012 The International support from the Government of Canada, provided through the Canadian International Development Agency

449

18 June 2008 The government says that the Science and Technology  

E-print Network

18 June 2008 The government says that the Science and Technology Facilities Council will commission mismanaged. But the government also told the MPs that their criticisms of the STFC's peer review system were, by micromanaging the activities of the research councils. The government's response to the House of Commons

Crowther, Paul

450

SOCIALLY IMPROVING TAX REFORMS &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes graphical methods to determine whether commodity tax changes are “socially improving,” in the sense of improving social welfare or decreasing poverty for large classes of social welfare and poverty indices. It also shows how estimators of critical poverty lines and economic efficiency ratios can be used to characterize socially improving tax reforms. The methodology is illustrated using

Jean-Yves Duclos; Paul Makdissi; Quentin Wodon

2008-01-01

451

Enterprise reform in Eastern Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enterprise reform is emerging as the core economic problem in Eastern Europe. As privatization has been delayed, a new problem has emerged, largely unanticipated by outside advisers: It is probably possible to run a clear-cut state enterprise efficiently, and it is certainly possible to get efficient performance from a private enterprise. But it is utterly impossible to get anything like

Sweder van Wijnbergen

1993-01-01

452

Cognitive Coherence and Tort Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

We experimentally study the effects of the split-award tort reform, where the state takes a share of the plaintiff's punitive damage award, on litigants' beliefs and bargaining outcomes. In addition, we study the formation of litigants' beliefs in a strategic environment. Our results provide support for coherence-based reasoning theories: coherence shifts in litigants' background beliefs (elicited before a role is

Claudia M. Landeo

2009-01-01

453

Five Obstacles to Grading Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators seeking to reform grading must combat five long-held traditions that stand as formidable obstacles to change: (1) Grades should provide the basis for differentiating students; (2) grade distributions should resemble a bell-shaped curve; (3) grades should be based on students' standing among classmates; (4) poor grades prompt students to…

Guskey, Thomas R.

2011-01-01

454

Teacher Education Reform. Essay Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews three books that examine teacher-education reform from an international comparative perspective: "The Crisis in Teacher Education: A European Concern," by Anthony Adams and Witold Tulasiewicz; "Global Perspectives on Teacher Education," edited by Colin Brock; and "Learning and Teaching in an International Context: Research, Theory and…

Steiner-Khamsi, Gita

1999-01-01

455

Overview: Diversity and Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an introduction to a 1992 symposium of educators, administrators, researchers, and legislators concerned with the education of minority students, this paper reviews the overriding issues related to diversity and American education reform in the context of Goal 3 of the National Education Goals. Framed in a context of economic uncertainty,…

Christian, Donna

456

Medical reforms and technology today  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering today is the backbone for support and advancement of the environment to keep the United States a world leader in the realm of health care. Over the past year, the expense for health care has astoundingly risen by over $100 billion. Hence, many politicians have proposed several ideas for a reform policy that will cut spending on health care,

S. Hyatt; M. Pallister; C. S. Lessard

1995-01-01

457

Misrecognition and Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and…

Brandt, Carol B.

2012-01-01

458

Quantum Leap: Vocational Education Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses recent technological advances, especially in computers and telecommunications, and their impact on the workplace. Highlights the need for educational reform in vocational/technical programs reflecting a systems-oriented approach rooted in the sciences. Discusses the future role of the private sector in education. (HB)

Groves, Cecil L.

1985-01-01

459

Education Reform: A Managerial Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education reform has wrongly focused on teacher motivation and rewards, when the organizational system itself is at fault. Research shows that effective school management hinges on increased individual discretion and decision-making opportunities for teachers and less controlling behavior by administrators. Ten characteristics of effective…

Bacharach, Samuel B.; Conley, Sharon C.

1986-01-01

460

Steam Hydrocarbon Cracking and Reforming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interactive methods of steam hydrocarbon reforming and cracking of the oil and chemical industries are scrutinized, with special focus on their resemblance and variations. The two methods are illustrations of equilibrium-controlled and kinetically-controlled processes, the analysis of which involves theories, which overlap and balance each…

Golombok, Michael

2004-01-01

461

Lifelong Learning and Welfare Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An alternative perspective on lifelong learning locates it in culture, civil society, and leisure/consumption lifestyles. Distinctions between education and learning and markets and quasi-markets are used to explore policy models. The relationship to welfare reform policies is discussed. (Author/SK)

Griffin, Colin

1999-01-01

462

Perspectives on Alternative Assessment Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored classroom assessment reform from four perspectives: technological, cultural, political, and postmodern. Interviewed teachers about their understandings of alternative assessment. Responses of 29 teachers in Ontario, Canada, show how teachers integrated changes into their practices and the successes and obstacles they encountered during…

Hargreaves, Andy; Earl, Lorna; Schmidt, Michele

2002-01-01

463

School Reform in 10 States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third in a series, this report provides a brief look at the recent history of the education reform movements in 10 states. The report begins with an essay by William Chance, former executive director of the Washington State Temporary Committee on Educational Policies, Structure and Management. In an article entitled "Changing the Terms of…

Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

464

Teacher Empowerment and School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers in high-needs settings working with diverse populations are typically cited as a central element for school improvement yet are often described as resistant to such efforts. We sought to investigate the reasons behind teachers' views and beliefs about school reform within the context of collaboration and professional development, rather…

Thornburg, Devin G.; Mungai, Anne

2011-01-01

465

Affordable housing and upward mobility : bridging the divide at The Community Builders, Inc.  

E-print Network

An increasing austerity at all levels of government has propelled a heightened focus on more efficient models of housing delivery, human service delivery and community development. One area of increased attention, with ...

Yadegar, Daniel Aziz

2012-01-01

466

77 FR 40310 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance Program: Partial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Housing Administration (FHA) Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance Program: Partial...regulations governing FHA's Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance program (Section...of claim would also allow FHA insured healthcare projects to continue operating and...

2012-07-09

467

77 FR 72920 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance Program: Partial...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Housing Administration (FHA) Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance Program: Partial...regulations governing FHA's Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance program (Section...payment of claim also allows FHA- insured healthcare projects to continue operating and...

2012-12-07

468

Bangkok 2004. Sex workers and law reform in South Africa.  

PubMed

The Sisonke movement in South Africa aims to galvanize sex workers to fight for equal rights and for improvements in their living and working conditions. This article, based on Jayne Arnott's presentation to a plenary session at the XV International AIDS Conference in Bangkok on 14 July 2004, outlines the legislation that governs the sex trade in South Africa; reviews related legal and policy developments since the end of apartheid in 1994; describes the present environment; and outlines the contribution that sex workers themselves are making to the fight for reform. PMID:15812926

Arnott, Jayne

2004-12-01

469

Community Context of Sober Living Houses.  

PubMed

The success or failure of programs designed to address alcohol and drug problems can be profoundly influenced by the communities where they are located. Support from the community is vital for long term stability and conflict with the community can harm a program's reputation or even result in closure. This study examined the community context of sober living houses (SLHs) in one Northern California community by interviewing key stakeholder groups. SLHs are alcohol and drug free living environments for individuals attempting to abstain from substance use. Previous research on residents of SLHs showed they make long-term improvements on measures of substance use, psychiatric symptoms, arrests, and employment. Interviews were completed with house managers, neighbors, and key informants from local government and community organizations. Overall, stakeholders felt SLHs were necessary and had a positive impact on the community. It was emphasized that SLHs needed to practice a "good neighbor" policy that prohibited substance use and encouraged community service. Size and density of SLHs appeared to influence neighbor perceptions. For small (six residents or less), sparsely populated houses, a strategy of blending in with the neighborhood seemed to work. However, it was clear that larger, densely populated houses need to actively manage relationships with community stakeholders. Strategies for improving relationships with immediate neighbors, decreasing stigma, and broadening the leadership structure are discussed. Implications for a broad array of community based programs are discussed. PMID:24478615

Polcin, Douglas L; Henderson, Diane; Trocki, Karen; Evans, Kristy; Wittman, Fried

2012-12-01

470

Housing environment and women's health in a Palestinian refugee camp.  

PubMed

This study was carried out during January and February 2002 in Al-Ein Refugee Camp in Nablus city in Palestine. Interviews were held with 150 women of different age groups and different marital status. The results show a positive relationship between women's physical and mental health and housing conditions. There is a statistically significant relationship between the family size represented by the number of children in the household, the number of children that sleep in one room, and the number of children that sleep in one bed, the house size, and number of rooms and women's feeling of privacy (mental health and well-being). Most of the houses in the camp are unhealthy and overcrowded. The family income is very low and there is a general poor health status of women in the camp. Most of the women do not know the conditions of a healthy house. The study shows the importance of housing reforms on the health of the family in general and women's health in particular, mainly in refugee camps. PMID:16134481

Al-Khatib, Issam A; Arafat, Rania N; Musmar, Mohamed

2005-06-01

471

Sustainable urban development? Low-cost housing challenges in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-cost housing provision has been a major focus of government in post-apartheid urban South Africa. While successes can be noted, there is growing concern regarding the social and environmental sustainability of housing programs and the impacts upon both the surrounding environment and human health. Utilizing key informant interviews, survey research, Census data and documentary review, this essay identifies the major

Allison Goebel

2007-01-01

472

Post2000 Law-based Educational Governance in Israel: From Equality to Diversity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses patterns of post 2000 governance in Israel’s education system. Drawing upon literature on educational regimes, governance in neo-liberal societies (for example, the UK and the USA), law-based educational reform and policy analysis, this study sets out to inquire how Israel’s system was governed with minimal legislation for 60 years. The main theme that emerges is that, although

Dan Gibton

2011-01-01

473

Study on the path of comprehensive reform and development of the People's Hospital of Shimian County.  

PubMed

The People's Hospital of Shimian County is located in the underdeveloped agricultural county of western China with a population of 120,000. In light of the region's geographic location and cultural characteristics, the hospital has laid out a development strategy of becoming a regional healthcare service center-in Shimian and extends services to surrounding regions. Its reform process would start with the overhaul of the personnel system to rejuvenate the hospital's internal operation, and then move towards more comprehensive reforms on corporate governance structure and trans-regional integration of medical resources. On the basis of constructing a digital hospital, we would build an information platform to explore the 'Shimian model' of information-based healthcare reform through regional medical coordination and whole-sector oversight. An appropriate strategy and development roadmap, comprehensively internal and external reforms and persistent culture building, as well as the use of information technology will help put the hospital onto a track of fast and healthy development and in the right direction of healthcare reform that accords with our national circumstances. This article makes a review, summary and analysis of the process and further discusses about how to overhaul the healthcare system through reform and development. PMID:25333011

Li, Xing-Gui; Gao, Wan-Ming

2014-04-01

474

[Risks and control of complete market-oriented reforms of medical institutions].  

PubMed

Marketization has become the mainstream since the new public management emerges globally in second half of the 20th century. Some countries infuse private capital into medical institutions which used to be managed by the government originally, and cause the medical industry reforms to be market-oriented. Market-oriented reforms of medical institutions may have risks in the following aspects: the risk of uneven distribution of medical resources, the risk of market failure, the moral risk of government renting-seeking and corruption and the decay of social justice values. Measures of controlling these risks include defining the function orientation of the government, completing the institution-building of healthcare system, improving primary medical system and strengthening social consciousness of hospitals. PMID:24820269

Ding, Jiannong; Tian, Yongquan

2014-04-01

475

MOST Clearing House on Religious Rights  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

UNESCO's MOST Clearing House (first mentioned in the November 18, 1997 Scout Report for Social Sciences) has added a new segment on religious rights. The Clearing House on Religious Rights supplies legislators, policymakers, researchers, and other representatives of both governmental and non-governmental organizations with information to monitor to the peaceful transition to democracy in societies characterized by cultural and religious pluralism. This site provides several full-text international legal documents concerning religious rights, excerpts of 67 national constitutions that contain provisions on religion, and a modest bibliography on religious rights. In addition, the site hosts a new discussion forum, Democratic Governance in Multireligious Societies. The forum will address "the social dynamics of multireligious societies and policy-options for the management of religious conflict from a social science perspective." Subscription information for the mailing list is available at the site.

476

Student housing: a cautionary tale of one city  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of student housing since the post-Robbins expansion of higher education has followed no easily discernible policy path. With the post-1992 continued expansion of the sector, many questions are now being asked about student accommodation; not least as to by whom it should be provided and what the tenurial status of its occupants should be. However, central government policy

David Hughes; Martin Davis

2002-01-01

477

76 FR 43219 - Public Housing: Physical Needs Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...regulations governing a physical needs assessment (PNA) undertaken by a public housing agency (PHA). A PNA identifies all of the work that a PHA would...proposes to integrate the performance of the PNA with the performance of an energy audit....

2011-07-20

478

House GOP Presses for Deep Cuts to Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Republicans in the U.S. House of Representatives appear determined to make deep cuts to education and related programs in the temporary spending bill that would keep the federal government operating for the rest of the fiscal year, even as President Barack Obama seeks a modest funding boost next year. That sets up a fiscal face-off in the…

Klein, Alyson

2011-01-01

479

Finding Meaningful Roles for Scientists in science Education Reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Successful efforts to achieve reform in science education require the active and purposeful engagement of professional scientists. Working as partners with teachers, school administrators, science educators, parents, and other stakeholders, scientists can make important contributions to the improvement of science teaching and learning in pre-college classrooms. The world of a practicing university, corporate, or government scientist may seem far removed from that of students in an elementary classroom. However, the science knowledge and understanding of all future scientists and scientifically literate citizens begin with their introduction to scientific concepts and phenomena in childhood and the early grades. Science education is the responsibility of the entire scientific community and is not solely the responsibility of teachers and other professional educators. Scientists can serve many roles in science education reform including the following: (1) Science Content Resource, (2) Career Role Model, (3) Interpreter of Science (4) Validator for the Importance of Learning Science and Mathematics, (5) Champion of Real World Connections and Value of Science, (6) Experience and Access to Funding Sources, (7) Link for Community and Business Support, (8) Political Supporter. Special programs have been developed to assist scientists and engineers to be effective partners and advocates of science education reform. We will discuss the rationale, organization, and results of some of these partnership development programs.

Evans, Brenda

480

Assessing the impacts of fiscal reforms on investment in village-level irrigation infrastructure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

paper investigates investment trends into village-level irrigation projects and assesses the impact of fiscal reforms including the tax-for-fee reform and the elimination of agricultural tax on irrigation investment. The China Water Institutions and Management Panel Survey data show that village leaders, water user associations, farmers, and upper level governments have all contributed to irrigation investment in villages throughout the study period between 1996 and 2007. Both descriptive and multivariate analyses suggest that changes brought by fiscal reforms have significantly reduced village collectives' capacity to fund irrigation infrastructure in villages. There was a significant drop in upper level government investment during the posttax-for-fee period (2002-2004 in the sample areas). Since 2005, upper level government has increased its investment to prereform levels and partly filled the public investment void in irrigation infrastructure. Fiscal reforms had the least impact on farmers' investment, which has been the most stable source of funding for village-level irrigation projects.

Boyle, Christine E.; Huang, Qiuqiong; Wang, Jinxia

2014-08-01

481

The Quality of Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate empirically the determinants of the quality of governments in a large cross-section of countries. We assess government performance using measures of government intervention, public sector efficiency, public good provision, size of government, and political freedom. We find that countries that are poor, close to the equator, ethnolinguistically heterogeneous, use French or socialist laws, or have high proportions of

Andrei Shleifer; Robert W. Vishny

1998-01-01

482

PROGRAMMING MANUAL Student Government  

E-print Network

PROGRAMMING MANUAL Student Government 305 J. Wayne Reitz Union PO BOX 118505 Gainesville, FL 32611 Student Government Executive Support Staff Student Government employs several staff members on a permanent knowledge of Student Government. Because of their extensive knowledge base, each one of these staff members

Roy, Subrata

483

Energy-Efficient Housing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We all know that it takes energy to provide us with the basics of shelter: heating, cooling, lighting, electricity, sanitation and cooking. To create energy-efficient housing that is practical for people to use every day requires combining many smaller systems that each perform a function well, and making smart decisions about the sources of power we use. Through five lessons on the topics of heat transfer, circuits, daylighting, electricity from renewable energy sources, and passive solar design, students learn about the science, math and engineering that go into designing energy-efficient components of smart housing that is environmentally friendly. Through numerous design/build/analyze activities, students create a solar water heater, swamp cooler, thermostat, model houses for testing, model greenhouse, and wind and water turbine prototypes. Students should concurrently be taking Algebra 1 in order to complete some of the worksheets.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

484

Freedom House Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the annals of 20th century Boston history, the Freedom House stands out as a local community organization dedicated to stabilizing a community in transition, and their history is an interesting one. The Freedom House was established in 1949 by two African American social workers and they were dedicated to ensuring the Roxbury community's stability as a middle-class, racially mixed neighborhood. Eventually, Freedom House's archives came to Northeastern University, and the digitization of their materials was made possible via a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services. On this site, visitors can look over some of the several thousands photos, negatives, and slides in their collection. The items are organized into several topical areas, including "People", "Groups", "Places", and "Topics". Some of the people featured in the collection include the Revered Martin Luther King, Jr., Senator Edward Kennedy, and Kitty Dukakis.

485

Uncertain prognosis for high-quality diagnostics: clinical challenges, economic barriers and needed reforms.  

PubMed

Quality healthcare, as measured by outcomes and costs, needs high-quality diagnostics whose use governs the evidence-based flow of patients from screening to treatment to outcomes monitoring. The current patent, regulatory and reimbursement environment may be inadequate to spur their development, thereby placing in jeopardy the goals of healthcare reform and the aspirations of personalized medicine. Policy actions to ensure consistent quality standards and to increase development incentives through research support, reimbursement reform, increased intellectual property protection and market-making activities may be required to obtain the well-characterized, clinically proven diagnostics that US healthcare requires. PMID:23394394

Trusheim, Mark R; Austin, M J Finley; Rausch, Carsten; Berndt, Ernst R

2013-02-01

486

Designing the temperate house  

SciTech Connect

The climate is the architects's true adversary; as the climate varies, so should the shelter. The two most important developments which have emerged nationally in today's house building are the continuous concept of space and the greater exploitation of industrialized products, specifically large sheets of glass. Both make houses more vulnerable than ever to climate - to heat, wind, humidity, hurricanes, earthquakes, rainfall, and snowfall, and most of all to the sun. The designer's problem is build a shelter which will adjust to the seasonal, daily, and hourly variation in the intensity of the sun's radiation. The article examines various approaches to this problem. 16 figs.

Olgyay, V.

1989-01-01

487

Australian Governments' Entry Point  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An example of a site that is powerful in its organization of government information pointers is the National Library of Australia's recently reorganized Australian Governments' Entry Point. The Australian Governments' Entry Point has connections to commonwealth, state, and local government information, as well as judicial information. Although the information pointed to by this site is by no means new, it acts as a gateway to information at all geographical levels of government in Australia.

Australia., National L.

488

Coal rates and federal railroad regulation: oversight of the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976. Supplemental hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, First Session, November 16, 1979  

SciTech Connect

Ten witnesses spoke at a hearing on November 16, 1979, on the need to make railroads more competitive, particularly in the transport of western coal. Focusing on the contract issue of the Chicago and North Western Railroad and the Burlington Northern, the Oversight Subcommittee explored the regulatory and legal background of the current lack of competition. The testimony includes statements of railroad, utility, and government representatives. (DCK)

Not Available

1980-01-01

489

Fuel Reformation: Microchannel Reactor Design  

SciTech Connect

Fuel processing is used to extract hydrogen from conventional vehicle fuel and allow fuel cell powered vehicles to use the existing petroleum fuel infrastructure. Kilowatt scale micro-channel steam reforming, water-gas shift and preferential oxida-tion reactors have been developed capable of achieving DOE required system performance metrics. Use of a microchannel design effectively supplies heat to the highly endothermic steam reforming reactor to maintain high conversions, controls the temperature profile for the exothermic water gas shift reactor, which optimizes the overall reaction conversion, and removes heat to prevent the unwanted hydrogen oxidation in the prefer-ential oxidation reactor. The reactors combined with micro-channel heat exchangers, when scaled to a full sized 50 kWe automotive system, will be less than 21 L in volume and 52 kg in weight.

Brooks, Kriston P.; Davis, James M.; Fischer, Christopher M.; King, David L.; Pederson, Larry R.; Rawlings, Gregg C.; Stenkamp, Victoria S.; TeGrotenhuis, Ward E.; Wegeng, Robert S.; Whyatt, Greg A.

2005-09-01

490

TRANSFORMATION VS. GOVERNMENT AUTOMATION  

E-print Network

e-Government is a major policy issue that countries throughout the world are grappling with. Developing countries under the impetus of world policy bodies are trying to get onto the e-government bandwagon the correct way. However and though they will usually stake claims to developing a citizen-centric e-government, in reality their principal aim is to develop a transactional form of government, hence foregoing what many developed countries are on their way of achieving, namely holistic or transformative government. Through the evaluation of major e-government projects from the Gulf region, this paper illustrates how Gulf e-governments were never planned to transform the inner working of government. However and based on the design-reality gap theory, Bahrain’s egovernment is shown to be an exemplary success when design mirrors reality. The paper draws a list of challenges that Gulf e-government projects and programs are facing or will likely face and makes concrete suggestions for dealing with them. Along with citizen and customer involvement in the design of e-government solutions, the absence of research and evaluation of current e-government initiatives is one of the biggest challenges identified. The paper concludes with a set of statements about e-government that are purported to apply throughout the region. Keywords: Design-reality gap, e-Government strategy, e-Government models, e-Government research & evaluation. 1

unknown authors

491

5. Supply house, bell tower, light tower and keeper's house, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Supply house, bell tower, light tower and keeper's house, view southwest, northeast sides - Pemaquid Point Light Station, End of State Highway 130 south of Bristol Village, Bristol, Lincoln County, ME

492

5. Shed, keeper's house, boathouse, light tower and oil house, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Shed, keeper's house, boathouse, light tower and oil house, view southeast, northwest and southwest sides - Goat Island Light Station, Goat Island, next to entrance to Cape Porpoise Harbor, just south of Trott Island, Cape Porpoise, York County, ME

493

SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE AND HOUSE, VIEW TO WEST/ ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE AND HOUSE, VIEW TO WEST/ SOUTHWEST - Kiel Farmstead, Summer Kitchen & Smokehouse, East side State Route 4, one half mile south of U.S. Route 64, Mascoutah, St. Clair County, IL

494

2. Oil house, fog signal house and light tower, view ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Oil house, fog signal house and light tower, view southwest, east and north sides - Great Duck Island Light Station, At southern tip of Great Duck Island southeast of Bass Harbor & northeast of Frenchboro, Frenchboro, Hancock County, ME

495

Cognitive coherence and tort reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

We experimentally study the effects of the split-award tort reform, where the state takes a share of the plaintiff’s punitive damage award, on litigants’ beliefs and bargaining outcomes. In addition, we study the formation of litigants’ beliefs in a strategic environment. Our results provide support for coherence-based reasoning theories: coherence shifts in litigants’ background beliefs (elicited before a role is

Claudia M. Landeo

2009-01-01

496

Freedom House: Press Freedom Survey 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by Freedom House, a non-partisan advocacy organization for democracy and human rights worldwide founded by Eleanor Roosevelt, Wendell Willkie, and others, the 2000 edition of the Press Freedom Survey offers a "country-by-country worldwide assessment of press freedom." This year's study, which examines freedom of the press in 186 countries, pays special attention to government restrictions on Internet access. It finds that "nearly two-thirds of countries, accounting for 80 percent of the world's population, restrict press freedom." Users can download the full text of the 36-page report in .pdf format or view the country reports, methodology, and tables and charts in HTML format.

497

Leisure, Government and Governance: A Swedish Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leisure sector has witnessed a tremendous expansion since 1960. The purpose of this article is to analyse the decisions and goals of Swedish government policy during the period 1962 to 2005. The empirical analysis covers government Propositions and governmental investigations. The fields covered are sports, culture, exercise, tourism and…

Lindstrom, Lisbeth

2011-01-01

498

NEW GOVERNMENT, DIGITAL GOVERNMENT: MANAGING THE TRANSFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two authors have suggested an information systems management model based on stages of growth. Whilst there are merits in deconstruction of e-government into a series of stages, with the benefit of organisational learning and progressive development, the shortcomings lie in the fact that considerable enhancement of the stages of growth model are required for e-government. These enhancements include business process

Lionel Pearce

499

Doll's House Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School physics rarely stands still for long. Environmental physics is now an option in some post-16 courses in England. The physics of environments, and in particular the built environment, offers a recognizable context in which to see the applications of physics at work. This article considers how a model doll's house might be used to help…

Kibble, Bob

2009-01-01

500

Department of Housing and  

E-print Network

in campus housing facilities. Examples of weapons include, but are not limited to: guns (BB, pellet will be responsible for providing proof of vaccinations upon request. The pet owner is responsible for daily waste removal. Pet waste should be placed in a plastic bag in the trash bin. Any structure associated

Johnson, Eric E.