Note: This page contains sample records for the topic house government reform from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Social Housing Management, Governance and Delivery in Ireland: Ten Years of Reform on Seven Estates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines developments in social housing management, governance and delivery in the Republic of Ireland during the last decade, using evidence from two rounds of research conducted in 1997 and 2007 on seven social rented estates, located in a variety of regions. Among the three most significant developments in this regard, the reconceptualisation of the housing management function has

Michelle Norris; Cathal OConnell

2010-01-01

2

Autism--Why the Increased Rates? A One-Year Update. Hearings before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session, April 25 and 26, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These hearings before the House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform address possible reasons for the apparently rapid increase in the incidence of autism. An introduction by the Committee Chairman, Dan Burton, provides background information and suggests a possible linkage between autism and the mumps-measles-rubella vaccine,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

3

Preventing Teen Pregnancy: Coordinating Community Efforts. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations of the House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform and Oversight met to consider the causes of and solutions to teen pregnancy and the role of community organizations in prevention efforts. Opening remarks by Representative Christopher Shays were followed by…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

4

Autism: Present Challenges, Future Needs--Why the Increased Rates? Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (April 6, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains the proceedings of a hearing on April 6, 2000, before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform. The hearing addressed the increasing rate of children diagnosed with autism, possible links between autism and childhood vaccinations, and future needs of these children. After opening statements by…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

5

District of Columbia Public School Census and Enrollment Oversight. Hearing before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives. One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight held a hearing to discuss an accurate census of the District of Columbia public schools and the system's enrollment. Subcommittee Chairman Thomas M. Davis (Virginia) noted that an accurate and reliable count of student enrollment is directly…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

6

Governance Reform at China's "985 Project" Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education reform in China is deepening, and the governance reform taking place at the 985 Project universities over the past decade has displayed a shift from government driven to internally driven, from adaptive to proactive, and from localized to systemic. This reflects the overall status of governance reform in China's higher education.…

Qingnian, Xiong; Duanhong, Zhang; Hong, Liu

2011-01-01

7

Governance Reform at China's "985 Project" Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Higher education reform in China is deepening, and the governance reform taking place at the 985 Project universities over the past decade has displayed a shift from government driven to internally driven, from adaptive to proactive, and from localized to systemic. This reflects the overall status of governance reform in China's higher education.…

Qingnian, Xiong; Duanhong, Zhang; Hong, Liu

2011-01-01

8

The Impact of housing reform on consumption, investment, and industrial growth: a tale of three Chinese cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing reform has been a key component in China's economic revitalization program initiated by the late paramount leader Deng Xiaoping since 1978. By reforming the welfare housing system, the Chinese government aims at the removal of a burden (i.e., welfare housing) from state finance. At the same time, housing reform will stimulate changes in consumption, investment, and related industrial sectors,

Peng Du; Sun Sheng Han

9

Local government reform: Privatisation and its alternatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Privatisation is only one of several alternatives for local government reform. Problems with lack of cost savings and the challenges of contract management have led local government reformers to explore other alternatives including municipal corporations, relational contracting and dynamic market management. Empirical analysis shows concerns with fiscal stress, efficiency, and managing political and citizen interests drive the reform process more

Germà Bel; Robert Hebdon; Mildred Warner

2007-01-01

10

The Winners in China's Urban Housing Reform  

PubMed Central

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China’s transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation.

Logan, John R.; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

2013-01-01

11

Housing Cost and Governmental Regulations: Is Regulatory Reform Justified By What We Know.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report consolidates what is known about the costs that government regulations impose on housing development, drawing upon the large and growing body of published studies on the subject. It also discusses a number of approaches to regulatory reform, r...

G. Hack G. Polk

1981-01-01

12

Health governance and healthcare reforms in China.  

PubMed

This article examines the role of health governance in shaping the outcomes of healthcare reforms in China. The analysis shows that the failure of reforms during the 1980s and 1990s was in part due to inadequate attention to key aspects in health governance, such as strategic interactions among government, providers and users, as well as incentive structures shaping their preferences and behaviour. Although more recent reforms seek to correct these flaws, they are insufficiently targeted at the fundamental governance problems that beset the sector. The article suggests that the Chinese government needs to heighten its efforts to enhance health governance and change the ways providers are paid if it is to succeed in achieving its goal of providing health care to all at affordable cost. PMID:23293100

Ramesh, M; Wu, Xun; He, Alex Jingwei

2013-01-01

13

Global Isomorphism and Governance Reform in Chinese Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past three decades, higher education reforms have taken place almost everywhere in the world, and governance or the way that higher education is or should be coordinated has become a global topic. The governance reform in Chinese higher education emerged against such a background. The current studies on Chinese higher education reforms mainly tackle the reform processes and

Yuzhuo Cai

2010-01-01

14

University Governance Reforms: Potential Problems of More Autonomy?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University governance reforms are very much a reflection of the broader New Public Management reforms that are focusing on increasing efficiency in public organizations. The article deals with how university reform ideas of a generic nature, emphasizing that universities should be treated and reformed like any other public organizations, are…

Christensen, Tom

2011-01-01

15

Global Isomorphism and Governance Reform in Chinese Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the past three decades, higher education reforms have taken place almost everywhere in the world, and governance or the way that higher education is or should be coordinated has become a global topic. The governance reform in Chinese higher education emerged against such a background. The current studies on Chinese higher education reforms

Cai, Yuzhuo

2010-01-01

16

Economic policy reform, government debt guarantees, and financial bailouts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic policy reform that creates opportunities for new productive activities often shifts wealth from one set of agents toward another, creating reason for political pressure against the reform. The author explores how government financial guarantees secure the political support of the reform's\\

Philip L. Brock

1994-01-01

17

Education Governance Reform in Ontario: Neoliberalism in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between neoliberal ideology and the discourse and practice of education governance reform in Ontario over the last two decades. It focuses on changes in education governance introduced by successive Ontario governments: the NDP government from 1990 to 1995, the Progressive Conservative government from 1995 to…

Sattler, Peggy

2012-01-01

18

Task Order 807: Local Government Financial Reform: Toward a Sustainable System of Local Government.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The initial purpose of this delivery order (which began in January 2001) was to assist the South African government in policy analysis on local government revenue, expenditure and related topics. The final outputs of the Local Government Financial Reform ...

P. Vaz

2004-01-01

19

Nonprofit perceptions of local government performance in affordable housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine how executive directors of nonprofit organizations perceive local government performance in affordable housing. It builds on a larger body of research concerning the affordable housing activities of government and community-based nonprofit housing organizations at the local level. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This analysis is based on a national survey of neighborhood housing

Robert Mark Silverman

2009-01-01

20

Effective Faith-Based Treatment Programs. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (May 23, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents witness testimonies from a hearing discussing two issues critical to the House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources: insuring government support for effective programs to reduce the demand for illegal drugs, and facilitating the inclusion of faith-based providers in the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

21

Corporate governance reforms: fact or fiction?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Reforms set forth in Sarbanes-Oxley and the NYSE, AMEX, and NASD are designed to prevent the reoccurrence of corporate collapses at companies such as Enron Corp., WorldCom Inc., and Global Crossing Ltd. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the possible impact the reforms may or may not have had in controlling the abuses uncovered in recent

Steven T. Petra

2006-01-01

22

A Decent Home...A Report on the Continuing Failure of the Federal Government to Provide Equal Housing Opportunity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an effort to contribute to the dialogue on the need for reform of the nation's fair housing laws and policies, this report describes and evaluates those policies and their impact. The report begins with a discussion of the Federal Government's support for a racially dual housing market prior to 1962 and moves on to describe the beginnings of a…

Sloane, Glenda G.

23

An investigation of the association between corporate governance, earnings management and the effect of governance reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of recent corporate governance reforms on the association between governance practices and earnings management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study examines the impact of corporate governance reforms by using a firm fixed-effect, cross-sectional analysis of 200 firms listed on the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) for the financial years ending in

Marion R. Hutchinson; Majella Percy; Leyal Erkurtoglu

2008-01-01

24

Morocco Housing Market: Industry Status, Government Involvement, and Investment Opportunity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An OPIC Issues Paper Series report that examines the macroeconomic impact of housing improvement in Morocco, the general market situation, government prioritization, finance, and sectors with investment opportunities.

2006-01-01

25

Report of the Working Group on the Reform of Personal Housing Assistance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The eight chapters of this report, submitted by the Working Group on the Reform of Personal Housing Assistance to France's Minister of Urban Planning and Housing, propose a system for consolidating personal housing assistance in the rental sector. In its ...

J. Badet

1982-01-01

26

Nationalism, Patriarchy, and Moralism: The Government-Led Food Reform in Contemporary Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government-led food reforms are increasingly prevalent and they are often seen as a welcome corrective to the neoliberalization of the agrofood system. Yet Japanese government's food reform initiatives demonstrates that government food reform does not necessarily increase oversight and regulation or address fundamental problems of the food system. Although the official goals of reform are food safety and public health,

Aya Hirata Kimura

2011-01-01

27

How to Carry Out Joined-Up Government Reforms: Lessons from the 2001–2006 Norwegian Welfare Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports a case study of a recent and major reform in the Norwegian welfare sector, involving the employment service, the national insurance administration, and the social services. The reform involves two common joined-up government reform measures, namely partnerships and mergers. The study examines how instrumental problem solving in the reform process was conditioned by external forces, negotiations, and

Jostein Askim; Tom Christensen; Anne Lise Fimreite; Per Lægreid

2009-01-01

28

Reforming the Governance of Higher Education in Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Vietnam’s aspirations over recent years concerning modernisation of the governance of its higher education system have been\\u000a constrained by the fact that the system remains very much under the influence of a Soviet model of higher education. Recently,\\u000a however, in the Higher Education Reform Agenda (HERA), Vietnam’s master plan for higher education up to the year 2020, the\\u000a government has

Dao Van Khanh; Martin Hayden

29

Governing Education: Public Sector Reform or Privatization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Americans are facing a critical choice between two different systems of school control the continuance of the current system of public governance or a move to a privatized approach to schooling. The purpose of this book is to help educators and citizens better understand the issues and opportunities associated with changes in educational…

Bauman, Paul C.

30

24 CFR 202.10 - Governmental institutions, Government-sponsored enterprises, public housing agencies and State...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...institutions, Government-sponsored enterprises, public housing agencies...institutions, Government-sponsored enterprises, public housing agencies...this section, a public housing agency...State and local governments (as...

2013-04-01

31

Interests, Preferences, and Center-Left Party Politics in Corporate Governance Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance reform is an increasingly important policy domain and characterized by a striking political paradox: center-left political parties have driven corporate governance reform and the adoption of pro-shareholder legal rules, against the resistance of right of center parties which sought to protect established forms of managerialism and organized capitalism. The comparative analysis of corporate governance reforms in the United

John W. Cioffi; Martin Höpner

32

Privatization of Water in Government Owned Housing: A Forecasting Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines the option of privatizing water utilities, requiring residents of Government Owned Housing (GOH) to pay for all consumption. To assist in the payment, a Water Allowance (WA) would be provided to residents based on the average consumpt...

J. E. Lobb

1997-01-01

33

Public Housing Reform and Neighborhood Schools: How Local Contexts "Must" Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1992, Congress enacted the HOPE VI program to overhaul the nation's public housing policy. The reform legislation was prompted by a report commissioned by Congress that deemed two-thirds of all public housing "severely distressed." Since the landmark public housing policy was enacted in 1992, the Department of Housing and Urban Development…

Smrekar, Claire

2009-01-01

34

Inclusionary Housing Programs: Local Governments Respond to California's Housing Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

As anti-growth sentiment increases across the country, two laudable goals—affordable housing and environmental protection—are coming into conflict. This tension is most evident in California. Nine of the ten least affordable communities in the country are in California. California also has one of the most complicated and expensive environmental regulatory processes for development. This results in builders being unable to produce

Cecily T Talbert; Nadia L Costa

2003-01-01

35

MODES OF GOVERNANCE IN THE DUTCH SOCIAL HOUSING SECTOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT **:?We describe and analyze five consecutive modes of governance in the Dutch social housing sector. We compare these institutional forms with the five policy values that the sector was assumed to realize. For that purpose we propose and use a new, analytical framework based on a separation principle that is applied to the coercion domain (the governance of transactions)

Pieter H. M. RUYS; Jan BRUIL; Henry DIX

2007-01-01

36

More than the politics of decentralization: Local government reform, district development and public administration in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is evaluated as central government decentralization to improve rural development may also be local government reform for improved district development. The challenge in analyzing such efforts is not to be preoccupied with an always-present politics of decentralization. This article examines a local government reform in Zimbabwe that has been equated with central government decentralization: the Amalgamation of the countryside's

Emery M. Roe

1995-01-01

37

Job Corps Oversight Part II: Vocational Training Standards. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session (July 29, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This congressional hearing continues the House's oversight of the Department of Labor's (DOL's) Job Corps program, focusing on the fourth element of successful job training, maintaining a vocational curriculum that reflects current and future job opportunities. It reviews findings of a General Accounting Office (GAO) study that found the program…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

38

Early Childhood Interventions: Public-Private Partnerships. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These hearings transcripts recount testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives concerning early childhood development programs. Testimony addressed the questions of how public and private investments in early childhood programs contribute to successful outcomes for infants and mothers, and how these successes can be measured and replicated…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

39

Early Childhood Interventions: Public-Private Partnerships. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings transcripts recount testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives concerning early childhood development programs. Testimony addressed the questions of how public and private investments in early childhood programs contribute to successful outcomes for infants and mothers, and how these successes can be measured and replicated…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Human Resources.

40

Local governments' monopoly power and local tax reform: Theory and evidence from the U.K  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper hypothesises the existence of several sources of monopoly power for local governments when the system of local taxation is reformed, by central government. In particular we argue that information asymmetries between tax-payers and (central and local) government at the time of reform provide opportunities for local politicians to set tax levels which differ from those expected in a

John Ashworth; Norman Gemmell

1996-01-01

41

Museum of Historic St. Augustine--Government House. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet is designed to assist teachers in guiding students through the Museum of Historic St. Augustine (Government House) exhibit, "The Dream, The Challenge, The City." The exhibit and learning activities explore cultural, economic, and architectural development from the 1565 Spanish settlement to the Flagler Era of the 1880s and 1890s.…

VanVleet, Susan; Spikes, Tracy

42

The responsible tenant: housing governance and the politics of behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Writers influenced by Foucault's work on governmentality have characterised emerging forms of governance in advanced liberal democracies as being based upon ‘technologies of the self’ in which power works through the self?regulation of subjects within constructed norms of responsible and ethical conduct. This ‘politics of behaviour’ has been particularly prominent in UK housing policy debates in relation to anti?social behaviour,

John Flint

2004-01-01

43

Combating Gangs: Better Coordination and Performance Measurement Would Help Clarify Roles of Federal Agencies and Strengthen Assessment of Efforts. Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-09-708  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Department of Justice (DOJ) estimates that the United States has about a million gang members. While state and local agencies have primary responsibility for combating gang crime, the federal government has key roles to enforce laws and help fund programs to provide alternatives to gang membership for at-risk youth. GAO was asked to examine…

US Government Accountability Office, 2009

2009-01-01

44

Information Management: The Challenges of Managing Electronic Records. Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Information Policy, Census and National Archives, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-10-838T  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal agencies are increasingly using electronic means to create, exchange, and store information, and in doing so, they frequently create federal records: that is, information, in whatever form, that documents government functions, activities, decisions, and other important transactions. As the volume of electronic information grows, so does…

Melvin, Valerie C.

2010-01-01

45

Reform in mental health services in Israel: The changing role of government, HMOs, and hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion We have described the background for the reform of mental health services in Israel. This reform is in response to public dissatisfaction that led to the government to set up the Netanyahu Commission which suggested far reaching reforms in health care. The proposed solutions are integrated and geared toward making mental health services more comprehensive and available in the

Mordechai Mark; Jonathan Rabinowitz; Dina Feldman; Dalia Gilboa; Joshua Shemer

1996-01-01

46

Japanese University Reform--Hybridity in Governance and Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|University reforms around the world reflect many of the ideas and measures associated with the New Public Management (NPM) reform wave that emerged in Australia and New Zealand in the early 1980s. However, they also display features of the post-NPM reforms introduced in the last decade. In this article I focus on university reforms in Japan,…

Christensen, Tom

2011-01-01

47

Evaluating the Labour Government's English NHS health system reforms: the 2008 Darzi reforms.  

PubMed

Starting in 2002, the UK Labour Government of 1997-2010 introduced a series of changes to the National Health Service (NHS) in England designed to increase patients' choices of the place of elective hospital care and encourage competition among public and private providers of elective hospital services for NHS-funded patients. In 2006, the Department of Health initiated the Health Reform Evaluation Programme (HREP) to assess the impact of the changes. In June 2008, the White Paper, High quality care for all, was published. It represented the government's desire to focus the next phase of health care system reform in England as much on the quality of care as on improving its responsiveness and efficiency. The 2008 White Paper led to the commissioning of a further wave of evaluative research under the auspices of HREP, as follows: an evaluation of the implementation and outcomes of care planning for people with long-term conditions; an evaluation of the personal health budget pilots; an evaluation of the implementation and outcomes of the Commissioning for Quality and Innovation (CQUIN) framework; and an evaluation of cultural and behavioural change in the NHS focused on ensuring high quality care for all. This Supplement includes papers from each project. The evaluations present a mixed picture of the impact and success of the 2008 reforms. All the studies identify some limitations of the policies in the White Paper. The introduction of personal health budgets appears to have been the least problematic and, depending on assumptions, likely to be cost-effective for the sorts of patients involved in the pilot. For the rest of the changes, impacts ranged from little or none (CQUIN and care planning for people with chronic conditions) to patchy and highly variable (instilling a culture of quality in acute hospitals) in the three years following the publication of the White Paper. On the other hand, each of the studies identifies important insights relevant to modifying and improving the policies. These findings have continuing relevance since both the 2008 White Paper's policies, and the issues they were focused on remedying, remain central to the current Coalition Government's reform agenda. PMID:24121832

Mays, Nicholas

2013-10-01

48

The Prodi government's proposed citizenship reform, and the debate on immigration and its impact in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a few months of the second Prodi government taking office in 2006, the Interior Minister, Giuliano Amato, reignited the ongoing debate on immigration, social integration, nationality and citizenship in Italy by launching the government's proposed reform of the law on citizenship. This article examines the implications of the reform and the debate it has provoked among the political parties

Giulia Bigot; Stefano Fella

2008-01-01

49

The Division of Responsibility for Housing Policy in a Federal System of Government.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper examines possible rationales for government intervention in the housing market, paying attention to the problem of specifying the level of government appropriate for housing policy. The sections examine primary rationales, paying attention to ho...

R. E. Wagner

1973-01-01

50

The role of housing privatization and labor-market reform in China's dual economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical aspect of China's economic modernization, one that has been infrequently addressed either in policy papers or scholarly studies, is the linkage between labor-market and housing-market reform. Labor-market mobility requires that workers and their families be able to find housing in areas of high labor demand. This critical linkage will be facilitated by movement away from employer-provided housing to

Belton M. Fleisher; Yong Yin; Stephen M. Hills

1997-01-01

51

Corporate governance post-Enron: Effective reforms, or closing the stable door?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine Enron's collapse to provide insights as to the efficacy of recent governance reforms. In doing so, we explore two main issues. First, if recently mandated governance changes had been in place earlier, would they have constrained actions by Enron's management? Second, and more generally, which of the recent governance changes might act to constrain governance failures going forward?

Stuart L. Gillan; John D. Martin

2007-01-01

52

Investigating Housing Reform In Shanghai: A System Dynamics Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing affordability issue has aroused exceedingly heated discussion in Shanghai Since the late 1990s. The boom of the market, however, attracts frantic speculation that generates some serious problems, especially the severe inflation of house price. There are great concerns that commercial housing price is too high and beyond the affordability of the average urban households. This paper investigates the

Jie Chen; Yongguang Zhong

2007-01-01

53

Good governance and budget reform in Lesotho Public Hospitals: performance, root causes and reality.  

PubMed

Lesotho has been implementing financial management reforms, including performance-based budgeting (PBB) since 2005 in an effort to increase accountability, transparency and effectiveness in governance, yet little is known about how these efforts are affecting the health sector. Supported by several development partners and $24 million in external resources, the PBB reform is intended to strengthen government capacity to manage aid funds directly and to target assistance to pressing social priorities. This study designed and tested a methodology for measuring implementation progress for PBB reform in the hospital sector in Lesotho. We found that despite some efforts on the national level to promote and support reform implementation, staff at the hospital level were largely unaware of the purpose of the reform and had made almost no progress in transforming institutions and systems to fully realize reform goals. Problems can be traced to a complex reform design, inadequate personnel and capacity to implement, professional boundaries between financial and clinical personnel and weak leadership. The Lesotho reform experience suggests that less complex designs for budget reform, better adapted to the context and realities of health sectors in developing countries, may be needed to improve governance. It also highlights the importance of measuring reform implementation at the sectoral level. PMID:23293099

Vian, Taryn; Bicknell, William J

2013-01-01

54

[Governance and health: the rise of the managerialism in public sector reform].  

PubMed

The article examines various healthcare systems reform projects in Canada and some Canadian provinces and reveals some tendencies in governance renewal. The analisis is based on the hypothesis that reform is an exercise aiming at the renewal of governance conception and practices. In renewing governance, reform leaders hope to use adequate and effective levers to attain announced reform objectives. The article shows that the conceptions and operational modalities of governance have changed over time and that they reveal tensions inherent to the transformation and legitimation process of public healthcare systems. The first section discusses the relationships between reform and change. The second section defines the conception of gouvernance used for the analisis. Based on a content analisis of the various reform reports, the third section reveals the evolution of the conception of governance in healthcare systems in Canada. In order to expose the new tendencies, ideologies and operational principles at the heart of the reform projects are analysed. Five ideologies are identified: the democratic ideology, the "population health" ideology, the business ideology, the managerial ideology and the ideology of equity and humanism. This leads to a discussion on the dominant influence of the managerial ideology in the current reform projects. PMID:20963305

Denis, Jean L; Lamothe, Lise; Langley, Ann; Stéphane, Guérard

2010-01-01

55

Devolved government and public sector pay reform: Considerations of equity and efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elliott R. F., Bell D., Scott A., Ma A. and Roberts E. (2005) Devolved government and public sector pay reform: considerations of equity and efficiency, Regional Studies 39 , 519–539. Public sector pay is of critical concern to the governments in Westminster and Edinburgh. It accounts for the major part of these government's current expenditures and is a crucial determinant

Robert Elliott; David Bell; Anthony Scott; Ada Ma; Elizabeth Roberts

2005-01-01

56

Converging New Public Management Reforms and Diverging Accounting Practices in Flemish Local Governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims at presenting a comparative study of the impact of different national and institutional contexts on the diverging development of accounting reforms in Belgian local governments. On the one hand, the objectives and the framework of current governmental accounting reforms aiming at improving New Public Management are currently converging. On the other hand, a conceptual examination reveals that

Johan Christiaens

2001-01-01

57

Corporate Governance, Industrial Reform and Enterprises Performance in China: The Case of Shanghai Petrochemical Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case study of Shanghai Petrochemical Company (SPC) is used to analyse how industrial reform has impacted on corporate governance and enterprise performance. Industrial reforms have increased the level of competition and altered the corporate structure of large state enterprises such as SPC. The case study indicates that despite changes in corporate structure, property rights remain unclear resulting in a

Damian Tobin

58

The interaction amongst reform drivers in governmental accounting changes : The case of Indonesian local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the process of accounting change in Indonesian local government. It sets to explore how various reform drivers with different interests and preferences compete and cooperate in the process of governmental accounting reform policy formulation in a developing country context. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper adopts a qualitative case study research involving

Manzurul Alam Marwata; Manzurul Alam

2006-01-01

59

Between efficiency, capability and recognition: competing epistemes in global governance reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines global governance reforms as a site of contestation between three different ‘truths’\\/epistemes (the market, human rights principles, and cultural identity) in terms of the competing principles of efficiency, capability, and recognition. Nancy Fraser’s conceptions of participation parity and a dialogical approach of recognition to examine diverse global governance reform proposals are used to argue that a neo?liberal

Jennifer Chan

2007-01-01

60

Housing Subsidies and Homeowners: What Role for Government-Sponsored Enterprises?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the federal programs providing financial support for U.S. housing: direct appropriations programs (e.g., public housing and vouchers); tax expenditure programs (e.g., the low-income housing tax credit and the special tax treatment of owner-occupied housing); and credit guarantee programs (e.g., activities managed by the Federal Housing Administration, the Veterans' Administration and the Government Sponsored Enterprises, GSEs). We review

Dwight M. Jaffee; John M. Quigley

2007-01-01

61

Autonomy and Control: Danish University Reform in the Context of Modern Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2003 the Danish government reformed universities to "set them free" from the state. Yet ministers are actively trying to shape universities and even set research agendas. How does the government's notion of "freedom" reconcile independence with control? We identify three discourses of freedom: freedom to use academic judgement over what to…

Wright, Susan; Orberg, Jakob Williams

2008-01-01

62

Decentralisation, Governance and the Structure of Local Political Institutions: Lessons for Reform?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many governments are devolving power to elected local councils, hoping to improve service delivery and citizen representation by bringing officials closer to the people. While these decentralisation reforms hold the promise of improved governance, they also present national and sub-national leaders with a complex array of options about how to structure newly empowered local political institutions. This article draws on

Charles Hankla; William Downs

2010-01-01

63

Change of government: one more big bang health care reform in England's National Health Service.  

PubMed

Once again the National Health Service (NHS) in England is undergoing major reform, following the election of a new coalition government keen to reduce the role of the state and cut back on big government. The NHS has been undergoing continuous reform since the 1980s. Yet, despite the significant transaction costs incurred, there is no evidence that the claimed benefits have been achieved. Many of the same problems endure. The reforms follow the direction of change laid down by the last Conservative government in the early 1990s, which the recent Labour government did not overturn despite a commitment to do so. Indeed, under Labour, the NHS was subjected to further market-style changes that have paved the way for the latest round of reform. The article considers the appeal of big bang reform, questions its purpose and value, and critically appraises the nature and extent of the proposed changes in this latest round of reform. It warns that the NHS in its current form may not survive the changes, as they open the way to privatization and a weakening of its public service ethos. PMID:21319727

Hunter, David J

2011-01-01

64

The Governance of a Shrinking City: Housing Renewal in the Liverpool Conurbation, UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to an emerging international research agenda examining the governance of ‘shrinking’ (depopulating) cities. It presents the findings of recent empirical research into the governance of housing renewal in the Liverpool conurbation (Merseyside), UK. Housing is a policy area which is directly affected by changes in population trends, and so this study provides insights into the way the

Matthew Cocks; Chris Couch

2012-01-01

65

Equity, governance and financing after health care reform: lessons from Mexico.  

PubMed

To determine, from the perspective of providers, community leaders and users of health services, equity, governance and health financing outcomes of the Mexican health system reform.Cross-sectional study oriented towards the qualitative analysis of financing, governance and equity indicators for the uninsured population. Taking into account feasibility, as well as political and technical criteria, six Mexican states were selected as study populations and a qualitative research was conducted during 2004-2006. Two hundred and forty in-depth interviews were applied, in all selected states, to 60 decision-makers, including medical and administrative personnel; 60 service providers at health centres; 60 representatives of civil organizations, including municipal representatives and, finally, 60 members of health committees and users of services at second and first levels of care units. The analysis of interviews was performed using ATLAS-Ti software. An outcome mapping of health reform was developed. For political actors, Mexican health system reform has not modified dependence on the central level; ignorance about reform strategies and lack of participation in the search for financial resources to finance health systems were evidenced. Also, in all states under study, community leaders and users of services reported the need to improve an effective accountability system at both municipal and state levels. Health strategies for equity, governance and financing do not have adequate mechanisms to promote participation from all social actors. Improving this situation is a very important goal in the Mexican health democratization process, in the context of health care reform. There are relevant positive and negative effects of the reform on equity, governance and financing in health. Special emphasis is placed on the analysis of lessons learned in Mexico and the usefulness of the main strengths and weaknesses, as relevant evidences for other middle-income countries which are designing, implementing and evaluating reform strategies in order to achieve equity in resource allocation, good levels of governance and a greater financial protection in health. PMID:18000949

Arredondo, Armando; Orozco, Emanuel

66

Privatization of Utilities in Government Owned Housing: A Model Approach.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines the option of privatizing electricity and gas utilities, requiring residents of Navy Family Housing (NFH) to pay for all consumption. To assist in the payment, an Utility Housing Allowance (UHA) would be provided to residents based on...

J. L. Autrey

1997-01-01

67

ACCRUAL ACCOUNTING REFORMS: ONLY FOR BUSINESSLIKE (PARTS OF) GOVERNMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on governmental accounting experiences and on the rising criticism of accrual accounting, this paper proposes that accrual accounting in governments will only succeed in businesslike (parts of) governments in the coming years. This proposition leans on the inappropriate transfer of the accrual accounting framework from the profit sector, the underestimation of difficulties considering accrual budgeting and the lack of

Johan Christiaens; Jan Rommel

2008-01-01

68

Reform and Resistance: The Regulation of Government Advertising in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia, a laissez faire approach to regulating government advertising allowed the Howard Government to spend over AUS$1 billion on advertising between 1996 and 2005 despite ongoing accusations of misuse for partisan benefit; two Auditor-General reports, three Parliamentary inquiries and three Private Members' Bills calling for stronger regulation; and a failed High Court challenge. This paper explains the current system

Sally Young

69

Commodification, normalisation and intervention: Cultural, social and symbolic capital in housing consumption and governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper relates the governance of anti-social behaviour in theUK to a wider policy conceptualisation of social housing as a flawed andproblematic form of housing consumption. Drawing on the theoretical workof Bourdieu and Foucault, the paper identifies how the habitus ofhousing consumption is shaped by acts of governance including classification,legitimisation, normalisation and targeted intervention. The paper argues thatdominant governance discourses

John Flint; Rob Rowlands

2003-01-01

70

Reform of government and the future performance of national surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assumption of this paper is that Governments pursue the following strategic objectives with respect to geospatial information, as produced by National Surveys (including Cadastres):1.for its own purposes, i.e. to govern, it must be assured of unlimited and efficient access to National Survey material;2.society should have the broadest possible “free”, but not “cost free”, access to the products and services

R Groot

2001-01-01

71

Joint Hearing on Privatizing Government Sponsored Entities (GSEs). Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training and Life-Long Learning of the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities and the Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is a congressional joint hearing report of a panel discussion exploring issues related to privatization of two government-sponsored entities (GSEs): the Student Loan Marketing Association (Sallie Mae) and the College Construction Loan Insurance Association (Connie Lee). The two issues specifically addressed by the panel were: (1)…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities.

72

The (Perceived) Roles of Corporate Governance Reforms in Malaysia: The Views of Corporate Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to understand the roles of corporate governance reforms in Malaysia following the 1997\\/1998 Asian crisis from the perspectives of corporate managers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - The primary evidence used is drawn from a series of in- depth semi-structured interviews with Malaysian corporate managers involved in the overseeing of the governance structures within their companies.

Pik Kun Liew

73

Making Space for Civil Society: Evidence from Governance Reforms in 10 Brazilian Municipalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local government is a critical domain for democratic engagement in developing countries. Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a much studied reform to municipal governance that emerged in Brazil in the late 1980s in administrations of the left-of- center Workers' Party. In principle, administrations that adopt PB devolve much or all of the decision-making on new investments to the popular mandate, via

Gianpaolo Baiocchi; Patrick Heller; Marcelo Kunrath Silva

74

Public management reform and organizational performance: An empirical assessment of the U.K. Labour government's public service improvement strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the first empirical assessment of the U.K. Labour government's program of public management reform. This reform program is based on rational planning, devolution and delegation, flexibility and incentives, and enhanced choice. Measures of these variables are tested against external and internal indicators of organizational performance. The setting for the study is upper tier English local governments, and data

Richard M. Walker; George A. Boyne

2006-01-01

75

Reforming corporate governance post Enron: Shareholders' Board of Trustees and the auditor  

Microsoft Academic Search

One potentially positive outcome of Enron's demise could be improving the process by which auditors are selected, retained and compensated. A proposal to reform this aspect of corporate governance is outlined in this essay. In addition, this editorial accomplishes two goals: (a) identification of the problem of audit independence as an outcome of vesting the authority to make auditor-related decisions

A. Rashad Abdel-khalik

2002-01-01

76

Reforming School Governance in Taiwan and South Korea: Empowerment and Autonomization in School-Based Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The article aims to use the globalization theory and the implications of democratization for social policy to analyze the school governance reforms in Taiwan and South Korea. Design/methodology/approach: The article describes the main features of decentralization policy in the school sectors in the two societies with a historical review…

Lo, William Yat Wai; Gu, Ja Oek

2008-01-01

77

Governing Massachusetts Public Schools: Assessing the 1993 Massachusetts Education Reform Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Massachusetts Education Reform Act of 1993 created a number of important changes in public education. In the area of local governance, the act was guided by a corporate model in which authority and responsibilities were reallocated among school committees, superintendents, principals, and newly created school councils. School committees in particular assumed a policymaking role, and superintendents became the chief

John Portz

1998-01-01

78

Active citizens and the therapeutic state: the role of democratic participation in local government reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Local Government Bill and the White and Green Papers informing it claim to deliver an agenda of democratic renewal. The reforms promise to reconnect local councils with local communities through a process of political renewal, a new statutory duty of community-wide consultation and the encouragement of active citizenship. This article assesses whether the plans for increased popular engagement in

David Chandler

2000-01-01

79

Constitutional prospects for the implementation of funding and governance reforms in Latin American higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rationale for comprehensive reform of Latin American higher education crystallized in the mid?1990s in policy documents published by the World Bank and the Inter?American Development Bank. This ‘Washington consensus’ of the multilateral banks advocated, among other measures, greater reliance on private sources of funding, increased accountability, and a more effective management and governance structure for public universities in the

Andrés Bernasconi

2007-01-01

80

Strategic planning, reform and governance in French higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conviction that higher education should be more responsive to ‘the community?s whether regional or local, is under considerable discussion at the present time. This paper examines the changes introduced in the external and internal systems of governance in French universities as a result of the passing of the Higher Education Guideline Law of February 1984. Higher education planning in

Guy Neave

1985-01-01

81

Reversing privatization, rebalancing government reform: Markets, deliberation and planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decades of the 20th century witnessed a profound experiment to increase the role of markets in local government service delivery. However, that experiment has failed to deliver adequately on efficiency, equity or voice criteria. This has led to reversals. But this reverse privatization process is not a return to the direct public monopoly delivery model of old. Instead

Mildred E. Warner

2008-01-01

82

ENTERPRISE REFORM AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN RUSSIA: A QUANTITATIVE SURVEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?The objective of this paper is to verify the range and depth of the study on corporate governance in Russia through a comprehensive survey of 202 research works. With regard to the internal structure of Russian corporations, a great deal of research has been conducted in a relatively short time since the collapse of the Soviet Union by many highly

Ichiro Iwasaki

2007-01-01

83

Accountability, governance, and reform in the International Financial Institutions 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years both the IMF and the World Bank (the IFIs) have become more transparent and more participatory. Yet they are still under pressure from governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) alike to become more accountability. This paper dissects the core components of accountability: transparency, compliance, and enforcement. It explains the way vertical accountability is arranged through representation on the

Ngaire Woods

84

Reforming governance and regulation of urban cooperative banks in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To argue a case for a paradigm shift in the way urban cooperative banks (UCBs) are managed, governed, and regulated in India to enable them to enhance their contributions to achieving greater degree of financial inclusion, and more broad-based growth. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper first surveys the quantitative importance of the UCBs in India, and their key performance

Mukul G. Asher

2007-01-01

85

Projectizing the Governance Approach to Civil Service Reform. An Institutional Environment Assessment for Preparing a Sectoral Adjustment Loan in the Gambia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper discusses the first experience with the operationalization of the Governance Approach to Civil Service Reform in the Gambia. It describes how to undertake the upstream diagnostic work required by the governance approach to civil service reform; ...

R. F. Pinto A. J. Mrope

1994-01-01

86

Assessing How Far Charter 88 and the Constitutional Reform Coalition Influenced Voting System Reform in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Led in large part by Charter 88 and the Scottish Constitutional Convention, the activities of the constitutional reform movement since the early 1990s have clearly helped to introduce new proportional voting systems into UK politics. Yet, at the same time, the Labour governments after 1997 decisively rejected voting reform for the House of Commons and dragged out Lords reform to

Patrick Dunleavy

2009-01-01

87

One decade of urban housing reform in China: Urban housing price dynamics and the role of migration and urbanization, 1995–2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the possible effects of rural–urban migration and urbanization on China’s urban housing prices through focusing on a critical decade in urban housing reform, from 1995 to 2005. Compared with other countries, China differs, to a certain extent, in migration and urbanization patterns due to its unique Household Registration System (Hukou) and huge population base. However, very few empirical

Junhua Chen; Fei Guo; Ying Wu

2011-01-01

88

New Zealand Local Government at the Crossroads? Reflections on the Recent Local Government Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first new local government statute to be brought before the New Zealand parliament in almost 30 years has brought significant changes which are informed by a participatory democracy paradigm. Notwithstanding the significance of these innovations, we question the extent to which these changes can be construed as a reinvention of local government in New Zealand. It is argued that

Steven Thomas; P. Ali Memon

2007-01-01

89

Toward a clean government in China: does the budget reform provide a hope?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fighting corruption has proven to be a difficult task in many countries. In this paper, using China as a case study, we argue\\u000a that a properly designed budgetary institution helps remove many institutional incentives and opportunities for corruption\\u000a in financial management and regulatory activities of the government. As a result of recent budget reforms, China’s anticorruption\\u000a effort has shifted from

Jun Ma; Xing Ni

2008-01-01

90

Public Management Reform and Organizational Performance: An Empirical Assessment of the U.K. Labour Government's Public Service Improvement Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We present the first empirical assessment of the U.K. Labour government's program of public management reform. This reform program is based on rational planning, devolution and delegation, flexibility and incentives, and enhanced choice. Measures of these variables are tested against external and internal indicators of organizational performance.…

Walker, Richard M.; Boyne, George A.

2006-01-01

91

3 CFR 13507 - Executive Order 13507 of April 8, 2009. Establishment of the White House Office of Health Reform  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the White House Office of Health Reform By the authority...all Americans access to affordable and high-quality health care, it is hereby ordered...provision of high-quality, affordable, and accessible health care and to slow the...

2010-01-01

92

U.S. GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL STATEMENTS: FY 2001 Results Highlight the Continuing Need to Accelerate Federal Financial Management Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses the U.S. government's consolidated financial statements for fiscal years 2001 and 2000. Work by the subcommittee has been a catalyst to facilitate government management reform over the past 5 years and will be critical to ultimately ...

D. M. Walker

2002-01-01

93

City Governments and Aging in Place: Community Design, Transportation and Housing Innovation Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose of the study: To examine the characteristics associated with city government adoption of community design, housing, and transportation innovations that could benefit older adults. Design and methods: A mixed-methods study with quantitative data collected via online surveys from 62 city planners combined with qualitative data collected via…

Lehning, Amanda J.

2012-01-01

94

The house of lords and the labour government 1974–79  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the legislative activity of the House of Lords during the period of Labour government between 1974 and 1979. At the time much of their activity was depicted as a clash between Lords and Commons, between the two chambers of the British legislature – one a ‘one?sided, hereditary, unprized, unrepresentative, irresponsible absentee’ and other made up of the

Nicholas D. J. Baldwin

1995-01-01

95

School Violence: What Is Being Done To Combat School Violence? What Should Be Done? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session (May 20, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School violence at all levels of education is an issue that Congress has a responsibility to address. By calling together diverse groups from across the Nation, this subcommittee of the House of Representatives worked with federal, state, and local officials to confront a national problem. Statements and letters were received from representatives…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House.

96

Transformation, Trust and the "Importance of Teaching": Continuities and Discontinuities in the Coalition Government's Discourse of Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The imperative of transforming education continues to permeate the discourse of UK education reform. Although the Coalition government's publications herald a "new school system", they reveal the same neo-liberal thinking as their New Labour predecessors. The context of the national budget deficit is now being brought to bear to promote greater…

Bates, Agnieszka

2012-01-01

97

Transformation, Trust and the "Importance of Teaching": Continuities and Discontinuities in the Coalition Government's Discourse of Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The imperative of transforming education continues to permeate the discourse of UK education reform. Although the Coalition government's publications herald a "new school system", they reveal the same neo-liberal thinking as their New Labour predecessors. The context of the national budget deficit is now being brought to bear to promote greater…

Bates, Agnieszka

2012-01-01

98

Impact of the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA) Pass-Through On Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Mortgage Costs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Empirical analysis demonstrates that the Government National Mortgage Association (GNMA) pass - through program initiated in 1970 has led to a lower cost of credit on Federal Housing Administration (FHA) mortgages. The presence of timing risk, credit risk...

D. G. Black K. D. Garbade W. L. Silher

1979-01-01

99

The Relationship between Government Assistance and Housing Outcomes among Extremely Low-income Individuals: A Qualitative Inquiry in Los Angeles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper illustrates the relationship between government assistance (housing subsidies and\\/or welfare payments) and housing outcomes, using qualitative methods and a sample of 25 extremely low-income, homeless women at an emergency shelter in Central Los Angeles. The paper seeks to illustrate three specific patterns (identified within the larger literature) to this complex and multifaceted relationship: (1) that the presence of

Geoffrey Deverteuil

2005-01-01

100

Instability of the Eurozone? On Monetary Policy, House Prices and Labor Market Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with potential instabilities in the Eurozone stemming from an insufficient interplay between monetary policy and reform effort on the one hand and the emergence of intra-Euro area divergences on the other. As a first step, we assess the effect of EMU on structural reform and investigate this question by an examination of the relationship between fixed exchange

Ansgar Belke; Daniel Gros

2007-01-01

101

Comparison as Curriculum Governance: Dynamics of the European-Wide Governance Technology of Comparison within England's National Curriculum Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum is a governance technology of knowledge production and is also itself governed by complex dynamics within European education policy space. This article focuses on how the curriculum is governed by comparative knowledge; in particular, it identifies how this facet of governance has manifested itself within the policy space of…

Papanastasiou, Natalie

2012-01-01

102

Engaging sub-national governments in addressing health equities: challenges and opportunities in China's health system reform.  

PubMed

China's current health system reform (HSR) is striving to resolve deep inequities in health outcomes. Achieving this goal is difficult not only because of continuously increasing income disparities in China but also because of weaknesses in healthcare financing and delivery at the local level. We explore to what extent sub-national governments, which are largely responsible for health financing in China, are addressing health inequities. We describe the recent trend in health inequalities in China, and analyse government expenditure on health in the context of China's decentralization and intergovernmental model to assess whether national, provincial and sub-provincial public resource allocations and local government accountability relationships are aligned with this goal. Our analysis reveals that government expenditure on health at sub-national levels, which accounts for ?90% of total government expenditure on health, is increasingly regressive across provinces, and across prefectures within provinces. Increasing inequity in public expenditure at sub-national levels indicates that resources and responsibilities at sub-national levels in China are not well aligned with national priorities. China's HSR would benefit from complementary measures to improve the governance and financing of public service delivery. We discuss the existing weaknesses in local governance and suggest possible approaches to better align the responsibilities and capacity of sub-national governments with national policies, standards, laws and regulations, therefore ensuring local-level implementation and enforcement. Drawing on China's institutional framework and ongoing reform pilots, we present possible approaches to: (1) consolidate key health financing responsibilities at the provincial level and strengthen the accountability of provincial governments, (2) define targets for expenditure on primary health care, outputs and outcomes for each province and (3) use independent sources to monitor and evaluate policy implementation and service delivery and to strengthen sub-national government performance management. PMID:23221008

Brixi, Hana; Mu, Yan; Targa, Beatrice; Hipgrave, David

2012-12-01

103

A Case Study of Governance at Rikkyo University in Tokyo, Japan: Implications for the Reform of Japanese Higher Education. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1985-1986 case study of governance conducted at Rikkyo University, a private university in Tokyo, is considered, along with weaknesses in the organizational framework of governance and how these organizational weaknesses are linked to problems in reforming Japanese higher education. The governance structure provides that each college of a…

Barretta, Mary Jane Trout

104

The Governance of Terror: Precautionary Logic and Counterterrorist Law Reform After September 11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines how lawmakers respond through law reform to the prospect of further terrorist attacks after September 11. The first part examines ways of conceptualizing the terrorist threat, drawing upon notions of risk, fear, catastrophe, and precaution. The concept of the Precautionary Principle is introduced and explored as a tool for making sense of, and improving, law reform processes

ANDREW GOLDSMITH

2008-01-01

105

Competition, Corporate Governance, and Regulation in Central Asia: Uzbekistan's Structural Reform Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

May 2000Like many Central Asian republics, Uzbekistan has adopted a gradual, cautious approach in its transition to a market economy. It has had some success attaining macroeconomic stability, but microeconomic reforms have lagged behind. It is time to accelerate structural reform.In Uzbekistan state enterprises are being changed into shareholding companies, and private enterprises account for 45 percent of all registered

Harry G. Broadman

1999-01-01

106

Educational Reform: The Need To Redefine State-Local Governance of Schools. Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document examines recent state school reform efforts from two perspectives: the strategies states adopt to improve educational excellence and the influence those strategies have on the functional dimensions of education policy. The paper reports the research findings of a study that examined state reform strategies nationally. The study…

Timar, Thomas B.

107

Welfare Reform: Changes Will Further Shape the Roles of Housing Agencies and HUD.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report responds to your request and a mandate in the 1998 House Report on the Departments of Veterans Affairs, Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Bill (Report 105-175) that GAO examine the implications of welfare r...

1998-01-01

108

77 FR 76064 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Reform Act: Changes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Housing and Work Responsibility Act of 1998, such as eligibility for admission and...Housing and Work Responsibility (QHWRA) Act 1998 (Title V of the FY 1999 HUD appropriations...112 Stat. 2518, approved October 21, 1998), which amended the United States...

2012-12-26

109

Use of radiometer to reform and repair an old living house to passive solar one  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Japanese living houses mainly consist of wooden elements in high-temperature and moist conditions. To modify the hot and humid environment, a conventional old house was partially rebuilt and repaired. Especially in the winter season, a diagnostic thermographic test was used to find deteriorated and leaking parts of interior and exterior walls. Macroscopic deteriorated parts were checked again in detail. The deteriorated element was then removed. During the reconstruction process, a new solar heat and air conditioning system using a silica-gel adsorber and underground water was installed to cool and warm up the living room. Thermography tests of this remodeled house show that room temperature is always constant and mild to human beings, especially in the winter. Temperature and heat flow distribution of flowing air in the living room was measured using thermal net and wire methods. Leaking thermal streak flow of the gap was locally visualized by the IR radiometer and a highly sensitive video camera. It was verified that IR thermography is a useful measuring instrument to check thermal defects of a house.

Okamoto, Yoshizo; Inagaki, Terumi; Suzuki, Takakazu; Kurokawa, Takashi

1994-03-01

110

The Enactment of Reforms in State Governance of Higher Education: Testing the Political Instability Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A growing body of research indicates that the manner in which states govern higher education "matters." Thus, the restructuring of governance patterns may hold important implications for higher education policy, finance, and management. Somewhat more abstractly, shifting governance patterns afford researchers an excellent opportunity to test…

McLendon, Michael K.; Deaton, Russ; Hearn, James C.

2007-01-01

111

Shaping the bargaining agenda. The Audit Commission and public service reform in British local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the role of the Audit Commission (AC) in local government collective bargaining. While the AC has no official role in such bargaining, it has a role in monitoring the performance of local government services. In this role the AC has a clear potential, in the context of the government's ‘modernization’ agenda – as manifested in its ‘Best

Ian Roper; Paul Higgins; Phil James

2007-01-01

112

Reforming International Environmental Governance: An Institutionalist Critique of the Proposal for a World Environment Organisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that a World Environment Organisation (WEO) does not promise to enhance international environmental governance. First, we claim that the establishment of an international organisation alone in a policy field currently populated by regimes cannot be expected to significantly improve environmental governance because there is no qualitative difference between these two forms of governance institutions. Second, we submit

Sebastian Oberthür; Thomas Gehring

2004-01-01

113

Splintered Accountability: State Governance and Education Reform. SUNY Series in Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The No Child Left Behind Act declared that improving education in every school in the United States was a top national priority. However, this act did not acknowledge how state departments of education have successfully constructed reforms for the past few decades, despite the power struggle between governors, legislators, school districts, and…

Shober, Arnold F.

2010-01-01

114

Varieties of the Regulatory State? Government-Business Relations and Telecommunications Reforms in Malaysia and Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions of regulatory reform in the telecommunications sector almost without exception take for granted the case for convergence. Pressures on national regulators to conform to liberalisation programs and to open up domestic markets so as to give free play to new technology investments seem to be inexorable, by many accounts. Privatisation, deregulation, re-regulation to strengthen competitive pressures, removal of barriers

Martin Painter; Shiu-fai Wong

2005-01-01

115

Splintered Accountability: State Governance and Education Reform. SUNY Series in Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The No Child Left Behind Act declared that improving education in every school in the United States was a top national priority. However, this act did not acknowledge how state departments of education have successfully constructed reforms for the past few decades, despite the power struggle between governors, legislators, school districts, and…

Shober, Arnold F.

2010-01-01

116

Constitutional Prospects for the Implementation of Funding and Governance Reforms in Latin American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rationale for comprehensive reform of Latin American higher education crystallized in the mid-1990s in policy documents published by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. This "Washington consensus" of the multilateral banks advocated, among other measures, greater reliance on private sources of funding, increased…

Bernasconi, Andres

2007-01-01

117

Maintaining an Arm's Length? Housing, Community Governance and the Management of ‘Problematic’ Populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how contemporary social problems of community care, anti-social behaviour, ethnic and racial tensions and the housing of sex offenders are conceptualised in UK housing and urban policy. It explores how and why the populations of social housing areas disproportionately bear the risks arising from these social problems, and how the responses of these populations are subsequently problematised.

John Flint

2006-01-01

118

Collective private ownership of American housing:a social revolution in local governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1970 only one percent of American housing units were located in a homeowner association, condominium or cooperative - the three main instruments of collective private ownership of housing. By 1998, this figure had risen to 15 percent. In major metropolitan areas, 50 percent of new housing units is being built and sold as part of a collective ownership regime.

Robert H. Nelson

2000-01-01

119

Transparency to what end? Governing by disclosure through the biosafety clearing house  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although transparency is a key concept in the social sciences, it remains an understudied phenomenon in global environmental governance. This paper analyzes effectiveness of ‘governance by transparency’ or governance by information disclosure as a key innovation in global environmental and risk governance. Information disclosure is central to current efforts to govern biosafety or safe trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

Aarti Gupta

2010-01-01

120

Reforms and Practices in Local Regulatory Governance: The Case of the Philippines  

Microsoft Academic Search

to facilitate the economic development of the community. This means that local government should take a proactive stance in leading the planning and development of the local economy by providing the necessary framework for the promotion of economic enterprises and activities. The enabling role of local government in economic development emphasizes a two-way relationship between the private sector and the

Perla E. Legaspi

2005-01-01

121

Reformed county government structure and service delivery performance: An integrated study of Florida counties  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most fundamental and challenging function of government is the effective and efficient delivery of services to local taxpayers and businesses. Counties, once known as the “dark continent” of American government, have recently become a major player in the provision of services. Population growth and suburbanization have increased service demands while the counties' role as service provider to incorporated residents

Alejandro Rodriguez

1999-01-01

122

Governing in Good Times: Fiscal Policy and Tax Reform in Australia 1996–2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the course of a decade in office since 1996, the Howard government has pursued a policy and a politics of fiscal responsibility. Moving the budget out of deficit, retiring the Commonwealth government's accumulated debt and running continued surpluses to hedge against future demands have been the main expressions of this policy. The virtuousness of this has been contrasted with

Alan Fenna

2007-01-01

123

Local Government Reforms in (Seven) European Countries: Between Convergent and Divergent, Conflicting and Complementary Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In selecting the United Kingdom\\/England, Germany, Sweden, France, Italy, Spain and Hungary as comparative cases, and in focusing on three institutional tracks (local leadership, internal administration and external operation), this article first discusses, on the one hand, whether local government has been institutionally strengthened, and on the other, whether governance-type actor networks have expanded in the countries under consideration and

Hellmut Wollmann

2012-01-01

124

Local Government Reforms in (Seven) European Countries: Between Convergent and Divergent, Conflicting and Complementary Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

In selecting the United Kingdom\\/England, Germany, Sweden, France, Italy, Spain and Hungary as comparative cases, and in focusing on three institutional tracks (local leadership, internal administration and external operation), this article first discusses, on the one hand, whether local government has been institutionally strengthened, and on the other, whether governance-type actor networks have expanded in the countries under consideration and

Hellmut Wollmann

2011-01-01

125

Prison Reform: How Can the Federal Government Reform Prisons and Jails in the United States? National Debate Topic for High Schools, 1989-1990. Pursuant to Public Law 88-246.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document compiles materials and bibliographic references to assist national high school debaters in researching the 1989-1990 topic, "How Can the Federal Government Reform Prisons and Jails in the United States?" Materials are organized into a section of general materials and around each of three official debate propositions within the topic:…

Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.

126

Second Generation Stock Transfers in Britain: Impacts on Social Housing Governance and Organisational Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

By 2008, ownership transfers of former council housing had been proceeding for 20 years. Since 1997, the process has encompassed many larger urban local authorities, with housing departments which could have been fairly characterised as monolithic, producer-oriented bureaucracies. Drawing on new research evidence from England, Scotland and Wales, this paper considers the extent to which these ‘second generation’ transfers have

Hal Pawson; Robert Smith

2009-01-01

127

State and Local Level Special Education Programs That Work and Federal Barriers to Innovation. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform about state and local level special education programs that work and federal barriers to innovation as part of efforts to reform the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Highlights of the testimony include: (1) progress in New York in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

128

Space Shuttle: Status of advanced solid rocket motor program. Report to the Chair, Subcommittee on Government Activities and Transportation, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Advanced Solid Rocket Motor is one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) most expensive and controversial programs. Two reusable solid rocket motors are attached to the Space Shuttle to provide most of the thrust needed to lift it into orbit. The advanced motor is being designed to replace the current motor, which is a redesigned version of the motor that caused the January 1986 Challenger accident. The Chair of the Subcommittee on Government Activities and Transportation, House Committee on Government Operations, requested that GAO review the program's status. The specific objectives were to: (1) assess the extent to which the need for the program has changed; and (2) determine the reasons for cost growth and schedule slippage.

1992-11-01

129

How do Governments Steer Health Policy? A Comparison of Canadian and New Zealand Approaches to Cost Control and Primary Health Care Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the ways in which governments in Canada and New Zealand have attempted to pursue reforms in two major health policy arenas – cost control and primary health care – in the period 1992–2005. The framework for comparison is drawn from the “modes of governance” literature that deals with hierarchies, markets, provider-based networks and communities as means of steering policy. Recent literature

Tim Tenbensel

2008-01-01

130

Neo-liberal reforms in Japan's tuna fisheries? A history of government-business relations in a food-producing sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neo-liberalism refers to a public policy mix that is market oriented, pro-trade liberalization and advocates minimal state intervention in the economy. Japanese governance has arguably not been based on neo-liberal principles, and some see this as contributing to Japan's long-running recession. In 2001 Prime Minister Koizumi came to power promising neo-liberal reform. This paper presents a history of government involvement

Kate Barclay; Sun-Hui Koh

2008-01-01

131

Gulf War Veterans' Illnesses: VA, DOD Continue To Resist Strong Evidence Linking Toxic Causes To Chronic Health Effects: Second Report by the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight Together With Additional Views  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US House of Representatives Committee on Government Reform and Oversite published this report, the result of an oversight investigation begun in March 1996. The report is an indictment of the Veterans Administration and the Department of Defense. Among its findings: "VA and DOD did not listen to sick Gulf War veterans as to possible causes of their illnesses"; "Neither the VA nor the DOD has systematically attempted to determine whether sick Gulf War veterans are any better or worse today than when they first reported symptoms"; and "treatment of sick Gulf War veterans by VA and DOD to date has largely focused on stress and PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)." In addition to summary findings, interested users can survey background material, additional views and detailed finding and recommendations.

Reform., United S.

1997-01-01

132

Moving Education Reform Forward: Grantmakers Reflect on a Convening with State and Local Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In January 2011, teams of government education leaders and grantmakers from 13 states convened for Moving Forward with a Transformative Education Agenda: Practical Solutions for States and Districts, a first-ever national discussion of how grantmakers and state and local education officials might work together to promote elementary and secondary…

Lawrence, Steven

2011-01-01

133

Political parties, electoral competition, government expenditures and economic reform in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political analysis of economic policy?making in India has tended to downplay the role of political parties while stressing the influence of classes and the state. This article reports the results of an attempt to understand policy?making in India in terms of political parties and their electoral concerns. The analysis will illustrate the extent to which changing patterns of government expenditures

Pradeep Chhibber

1995-01-01

134

Moving Education Reform Forward: Grantmakers Reflect on a Convening with State and Local Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In January 2011, teams of government education leaders and grantmakers from 13 states convened for Moving Forward with a Transformative Education Agenda: Practical Solutions for States and Districts, a first-ever national discussion of how grantmakers and state and local education officials might work together to promote elementary and secondary…

Lawrence, Steven

2011-01-01

135

Competition, Corporate Governance, and regulation in Central Asia - Uzbekistan's structural reform challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Uzbekistan state enterprises are being changed into shareholding companies, and private enterprises account for 45 percent of all registered firms. But business decisions to set prices, output, and investment are often not market-based, nor wholly within the purview of businesses, especially those in commercial manufacturing and services. Lines of authority for corporate governance - from state enterprises to private

Harry G. Boradman

2000-01-01

136

Positive reform of tuna farm diving in South Australia in response to government intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESMuch of the tuna harvested in South Australia since 1990 has involved “farming” techniques requiring the use of divers. From 1993 to 1995, 17 divers from this industry were treated for decompression illness (DCI). In response, the State Government introduced corrective strategies. A decrease in the number of divers presenting for treatment was subsequently recorded. Consequently, the hypothesis was tested

P Whyte; D J Doolette; D F Gorman; D S Craig

2001-01-01

137

Shaping Health Reform: State Government Influence in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has significant implications for state governments and its passage presents an opportunity to contribute to inquiries into ways that state officials wield influence in the national legislative process. State officials were occasionally influential when they drew on state experience and expertise and congress members were willing to benefit from this knowledge. State officials

John Dinan

2011-01-01

138

Positioning as Regional Hub of Higher Education: Changing Governance and Regulatory Reforms in Singapore and Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With strong intention to enhance the global competitiveness of their university systems, the Singapore and Malaysia governments have made attempts to develop their societies into regional hubs of education. Specifically, they have invited foreign universities to set up their campuses to offer academic programs or to establish private institutions…

Mok, Ka Ho

2008-01-01

139

Public Organizations as Principals in an Era of New Governance: Evidence from the U.S. Low Income Housing Tax Credit Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an empirical analysis of a policy tool characteristic of the New Governance, the U.S. Low Income Housing Tax Credit. The program provides a financial incentive through the federal tax code for private-sector developers to construct or substantially rehabilitate rental housing for low-income households. Implementation is devolved upon the states, and each state housing credit agency has wide

Anne R. Williamson

2010-01-01

140

Government public housing health needs assessment: focus on race, ethnicity, and the older adult: background, methods, and demographics.  

PubMed

St. Vincent's Catholic Medical Centers of New York initiated a study in 2009 to assess the health needs of residents of New York City (NYC) municipal housing at the Robert Fulton public housing complex in Manhattan. The aim of this project was to provide valid data on perceived health services needs of the residents of a NYC housing project. These data may also be used to support hospital and community collaborative strategic decisions for developing resident-appropriate health and social services and would be valuable for use in formulating policies and programs by other interested nonprofit health and social services organizations and government. We designed a 28-item instrument and pilot tested it with our research team and members of the population under study. The English and Spanish surveys were designed as an in-person surveyor-administered instruments addressing four domains: demographics, access and barriers to health care services, risk behaviors, and perceived health needs. The sampling was an apartment-level stratified random sampling. A 20%, 188 apartment sample was drawn from the population of 944 housing units. Our response rate was 92% (173/188 apartments). Background methods, and demographic results are reported in this article. A second article will report on the needs assessment results. PMID:23930518

Lascher, Steven; Tasir-Rodriguez, Wesley; Moon, Grace; Irizzary, Maria; Baney, Matthew; Kellogg, F Russell

2013-01-01

141

Practice of good governance and corporate governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance reforms are occurring in countries around the globe and potentially impacting the population of the entire planet. In developing countries, such reforms occur in a larger context that is primarily defined by previous attempts at promoting “development” and recent processes of economic globalization. In this context, corporate governance reforms (in combination with the liberalising reforms associated with economic

B?l?ceanu Cristina

2010-01-01

142

PRACTICE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance reforms are implemented around the world and may impact upon the population worldwide. In developing countries, such reforms are implemented in a broader context that is primarily defined by previous attempts of promoting “development” and recent processes of economic globalization. In this context, corporate governance reforms (in combination with the liberalization reforms associated with the economic globalization), in

Cristina B?L?CEANU; Doina TILEA; Andreea-Monica PREDONU

2010-01-01

143

Analysis of government investment in primary healthcare institutions to promote equity during the three-year health reform program in China  

PubMed Central

Background The World Health Report 2000 stated that increased public financing for healthcare was an integral part of the efforts to achieve equity of access. In 2009, the Chinese government launched a three-year health reform program to achieve equity of access. Through this reform program, the government intended to increase its investment in primary healthcare institutions (PHIs). However, reports about the outcome and the improvement of the equity of access have yet to be presented. Methods Stratified sampling was employed in this research. The samples used for the study comprised 34 community health service centers (CHSCs) and 92 township hospitals (THs) from six provinces of China. Collected data, which were publicly available, consisted of the total revenue, financial revenue, and the number of people for the periods covering January 2010 to September 2010 and January 2011 to September 2011. Revenue information for 2009 and 2010 was obtained from China’s Health Statistics Yearbook. By using indicators such as government investment, government finance proportion and per capita revenue, t-tests for paired and independent samples were used to analyze the changes in government investment. Results Government invest large amount of money to the primary healthcare institutions. Government finance proportion in 2008 was 18.2%. This percentage increased to 38.84% in 2011, indicating statistical significance (p?=?0.000) between 2010 and 2011. The per capita financial input was 20.92 yuan in 2010 and 31.10 yuan in 2011. Compared with the figures from 2008 to 2010, the gap in different health sectors narrowed in 2011, and differences emerged. The government finance proportion in CHSCs revenue was 6.9% higher than that of THs, while the per capita revenue of CHSCs was higher. In 2011, the highest and lowest government finance proportions were 48.80% (Shaanxi) and 19.36% (Shandong), respectively. In that same year, the per capita revenue of Shaanxi (40.69 Yuan) was higher than that of Liaoning (28.79 Yuan). Comparing the 2011 figures with those from 2008 to 2010, the gap in 2011 clearly narrowed. Conclusion In the three-year health reform program, the Chinese government increased its investment to PHIs gradually and significantly. Thus promote equity to access and universal coverage. However, the increase in government investment stemmed from political desire and from the lack of institutionalization of practice and experience. Hence, a mode of financial allocation must be formulated to promote consistency in government input after the three-year health reform program.

2013-01-01

144

Privatization of utilities in government owned housing: A model approach. Master`s thesis  

SciTech Connect

This thesis examines the option of privatizing electricity and gas utilities, requiring residents of Navy Family Housing (NFH) to pay for all consumption. To assist in the payment, an Utility Housing Allowance (UHA) would be provided to residents based on the average consumption of local Private Sector Housing (PSH) residents. The goal of this thesis is to determine if implementing an UHA would reduce the overall energy consumption in NFH. Specifically, it determines the historical usage of electricity and gas in the Naval Postgraduate School`s La Mesa housing village (LMV) area and the local PSH areas. It then develops forecasting models for both areas to predict the future consumption of utilities, sets a baseline consumption rate for LMV residents, and identifies the savings that would be generated from implementing the UHA program. After validating the forecasting models and comparing costs under the UHA concept, this study concludes that the UHA concept would save approximately $268,300 annually at LMV alone. Additionally, in meeting the Navy`s Year 2005 goal of reducing energy consumption by 30% per square foot, by implementing an UHA concept, the projected savings in LMV alone are approximately 50% per square foot/month. Although the study focuses on LMV, it is assumed that similar energy inefficiencies are being demonstrated in other NFH areas. Therefore, this study provides the necessary steps to conduct comparative analysis in other NFH areas.

Autrey, J.L.

1997-06-01

145

24 CFR 945.303 - Requirements governing occupancy in designated housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...this section shall apply to an elderly family or disabled family that...in a designated project for elderly families or for disabled families...due to placement in foster care is not considered in determining...housing, no disabled family or elderly family residing in...

2013-04-01

146

Housing and the American Dream: Unions Have a Role; So Does Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] The American Dream of home ownership is slipping from the grasp of working people. Decent and affordable apartments in locations near to work and the amenities of life are also harder to find. The 1980’s and 1990’s have seen the rise of homeless populations.\\u000aHousing prices have skyrocketed, propelled by rising land prices and soaring mortgage interest rates. The

Frank Parente

1995-01-01

147

Redistribution and Government Tactical Behaviour: An Analysis of Local Public Expenditure in China after the 1994 Tax Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractDuring the last few decades significant changes have affected Chinese public finance. In 1994, a major tax reform was undertaken and centrallocal sharing arrangements were deeply modified; the evolutions of regional public expenditure in the years following the reform deserve to be analysed. The issue is relevant for two additional reasons. First, income inequality is becoming a relevant issue and

Gabriele Guggiola

2011-01-01

148

78 FR 14321 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB: Public Housing Reform; Change in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Housing and Work Responsibility (QHWRA) Act 1998 (Title V of the FY 1999 HUD appropriations...112 Stat. 2518, approved October 21, 1998), which amended the United States Housing...programs. Some of the changes made by the 1998 Act (i.e., QHWRA) affect public...

2013-03-05

149

Can Community Empowerment Reduce Opposition to Housing? Evidence from Rural England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the potential benefits of giving local communities a greater role in planning for housing—an approach being pioneered by the government in the UK. That new government has embarked on an ambitious programme of reform, including dismantling the ‘top-down’ system of planning for housing and replacing it with a ‘bottom-up’, community-driven approach. This paper explores the implications of

John Sturzaker

2011-01-01

150

Getting Our Own House in Order: Improving Psychiatry Education to Medical Students as a Prelude to Medical School Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors summarize efforts to revitalize psychiatry teaching to medical students at Harvard Medical School (HMS) in advance of a major overhaul of the medical school curriculum. Methods: This preliminary report chronicles key challenges and the organization of the reform effort within the departments of psychiatry affiliated with…

Alpert, Jonathan E.; Schlozman, Steve; Badaracco, Mary Anne; Burke, Jay; Borus, Jonathan F.

2006-01-01

151

Getting Our Own House in Order: Improving Psychiatry Education to Medical Students as a Prelude to Medical School Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors summarize efforts to revitalize psychiatry teaching to medical students at Harvard Medical School (HMS) in advance of a major overhaul of the medical school curriculum. Methods: This preliminary report chronicles key challenges and the organization of the reform effort within the departments of psychiatry affiliated with the…

Alpert, Jonathan E.; Schlozman, Steve; Badaracco, Mary Anne; Burke, Jay; Borus, Jonathan F.

2006-01-01

152

IDEA: Focusing on Improving Results for Children with Disabilities. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Eighth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Education Reform held a hearing on March 13, 2003, to hear testimony on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This booklet contains the minutes of the hearing. The hearing focused on how IDEA could be improved and on pre-referral intervention. The booklet is divided into the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

153

Institutional Reforms in Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. Colombia faces a critical juncture in its recent history. One road leads to violence, chaos and economic collapse. The other leads to peace, reforms and economic progress. Hoping that the second road will be chosen, this document offers ideas about institutional reforms and governance. The need for nstitutional reforms in Colombia is quite self-evident. Violence, crime and terrorism are

Alberto Alesina

2000-01-01

154

Land reform in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is widespread agreement on the need for land reform in Zimbabwe as a means of reducing poverty. This paper assesses the potential consequences of a land-reform scheme that draws on proposals from Zimbabwe's government in 1998 and 1999. The authors analyze the impact of the reform on resettled farm households and as a development project for which they conduct

Anne-Sophie Robilliard; Chrispen Sukume; Yukitsugu Yanoma; Hans Löfgren

2001-01-01

155

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE LOANS AND GRANTS PRIMARILY FOR REAL ESTATE PURPOSES RURAL HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rural Housing Site Loan Policies, Procedures, and...

2013-01-01

156

Evidence of the Impact of School Reform on Systems Governance and Educational Bureaucracies in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This chapter is organized as follows. The first section examines the evolving state and federal role in education and the implications of an expanded federal role on the structure of the educational system. It pays particular attention to how the debate on the causes and solutions to school reform has shifted and the impact this has had on school…

Sunderman, Gail L.

2010-01-01

157

University Reforms and Academic Governance Reconsidered: Report of the Six-Nation Higher Education Research Project. RIHE International Publication Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains papers from the Six Nation Higher Education Research Project, an initiative that has focused on making a comparative study of the reform of higher education at the stage of postmassification in six countries: China, Germany, Singapore, Switzerland, the United States, and Japan. The papers are: (1) The Six Nation Higher…

Arimoto, Akira, Ed.

158

Recent Government Reforms Related to Marital Formation, Maintenance, and Dissolution in the United States: A Primer and Critical Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this manuscript, we provide a sampling of law and policy reforms over the past decade intended to help couples form and sustain healthy marriages and set out the rationale employed to justify these initiatives. Then we turn to the challenging task of evaluating whether these initiatives are likely to bear fruit, acknowledging three primary critiques. In the end, we

Alan J. Hawkins; Robin Fretwell Wilson; Theodora Ooms; Steven L. Nock; Linda Malone-Colon; Lloyd Cohen

2009-01-01

159

Impact of IRAQI invasion on United States energy and economic security. Hearing before the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second session  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the Hearing before the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session, September 5, 1990 on the Impact of Iraqi Invasion on United States Energy and Economic Security. This hearing examines the long-term economic and energy security of the United States in relation to the Persian Gulf crisis and how to reduce our dangerous reliance on an unstable energy supply.

NONE

1997-12-31

160

District of Columbia Public Schools: While Early Reform Efforts Tackle Critical Management Issues, a District-Wide Strategic Education Plan Would Help Guide Long-Term Efforts. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate. GAO-08-549T  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to long-standing problems with student academic performance, the condition of school facilities, and the overall management of the D.C. public school system, the D.C. Council approved the Public Education Reform Amendment Act of 2007 (Reform Act). The Reform Act made major changes to the operations and governance of the D.C. public…

Ashby, Cornelia M.

2008-01-01

161

U.S. assistance programs for economic and political reform and dismantling of weapons of mass destruction in the NIS. Hearing before the Committee on International Relations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session, March 3, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The hearing addresses United States Assistance Programs for Economic and Political reform and dismantling of weapons of mass destruction in the New Independent States (NIS) created after the disolution of the former Soviet Union. Witnesses described the conditions and needs in the NIS for assistance and the proposed budget. Statements of government and industry officials are provided along with documents submitted for the record.

NONE

1995-12-31

162

World Market in Fresh Fruit and Vegetables, Wine, and Tropical Beverages. Government Intervention and Multilateral Policy Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Agriculture is a key issue in the Uruguay Round of negotiations under the auspices of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Much attention has been directed toward reaching an agreement for the multilateral elimination of government policies ...

K. C. Buckley

1990-01-01

163

Public Sector Reform and Governance for Adaptation: Implications of New Public Management for Adaptive Capacity in Mexico and Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although many governments are assuming the responsibility of initiating adaptation policy in relation to climate change, the\\u000a compatibility of “governance-for-adaptation” with the current paradigms of public administration has generally been overlooked.\\u000a Over the last several decades, countries around the globe have embraced variants of the philosophy of administration broadly\\u000a called “New Public Management” (NPM) in an effort to improve administrative

Hallie EakinSiri; Siri Eriksen; Per-Ove Eikeland; Cecilie Øyen

2011-01-01

164

Distance Education and Educational Reform in Jamaica: The Clock Is Ticking. A Report to the Ministry of Education of the Government of Jamaica Prepared at the Request of the Commonwealth of Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Consistent with education reform efforts, the Jamaican Government invited The Commonwealth of Learning to participate in an on-site needs assessment survey. Previous examination results revealed a need to strengthen teaching and learning in English, mathematics, and science, as most primary school teachers required enhancement in both the content…

Greig, James W.

165

U.S. Government Financial Statements: FY 2000 Reporting Underscores the Need to Accelerate Federal Financial Management Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

I am pleased to be here today to discuss our report on the U.S. government's consolidated financial statements for fiscal year 2000. Both the consolidated financial statements and our report are included in the Fiscal Year 2000 Financial Report of the Uni...

D. M. Walker

2001-01-01

166

3 CFR 13467 - Executive Order 13467 of June 30, 2008. Reforming Processes Related to Suitability for Government...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...level of investigation and adjudication...innovations with enterprise information...background investigations and adjudications...contractor employee fitness...Functions of Performance Accountability...Clearance Performance Accountability...Director for Management, Office...Government employees and shall...requirements for......

2009-01-01

167

Putting the Pieces Together: Toward a Comprehensive Program of Social Reform (Reformulating Our Approaches to School Governance).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Basic tenets of citizen control of education at state and local levels are well established historically and remain intact after three centuries of U.S. educational experience. This paper advocates substantial change in the structure and management of local governments. Too many change proposals are cosmetic. Kentucky and Memphis-Shelby County…

Cunningham, Luvern L.

1991-01-01

168

Putting the Pieces Together: Toward a Comprehensive Program of Social Reform (Reformulating Our Approaches to School Governance).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic tenets of citizen control of education at state and local levels are well established historically and remain intact after three centuries of U.S. educational experience. This paper advocates substantial change in the structure and management of local governments. Too many change proposals are cosmetic. Kentucky and Memphis-Shelby County are…

Cunningham, Luvern L.

1991-01-01

169

The Balance between Teaching and Research in Dutch and English Universities in the Context of University Governance Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency, effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we…

Leisyte, Liudvika; Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry

2009-01-01

170

Transnational Feminist Governance: Mobilizing, Implementing, and Correcting Women's Rights Reforms in the Criminal Justice Response to Human Trafficking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper maps the interplay between local and transnational social movements addressing human trafficking and exploitation in the commercial sex industry. I explore the sexual politics of legal mobilization and the operation of new governance mechanisms created by collaborative taskforces partnering NGO advocates with criminal justice actors in the processing of trafficking cases. This paper demonstrates the complex ways different

Edi Kinney

171

The Anglo-Saxon paradox: corporate governance best-practices and the reform deficit in China's banking sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate governance is now a key concern in China's banking sector. Its importance is related to the important policy questions of how to foster economic growth without increasing inflation in an environment where monetary guidance does not function in a conventional manner and there exist few constraints on bank lending. Under such an environment top-down best practice models offer considerable

Damian Tobin

2012-01-01

172

Corporate Governance Reforms in the Post1997 Asian Crisis: Is There Really a Convergence to the Anglo-American Model?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the 1997-Asian crisis, a number of crisis-hit countries were committed to the rapid transformation of the corporate governance system to one that is modeled after the Anglo-American system. This, as the article argues, is based on a false premise, that what may have worked in the United States\\/United Kingdom can also be applied in East Asia. In this regard,

Choon Yin Sam

2007-01-01

173

Education Reform Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Midwestern educators paint a hazy picture of the past 5 years of educational reform. While the general consensus is that great strides have been made by local schools and school districts, few agree that state governments' efforts to facilitate reform have been adequate. To meet the challenges of the future, the majority of midwestern educators…

Council of State Governments, Lombard, IL. Midwestern Legislative Conference.

174

England Refines Accountability Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author discusses how England refines its accountability reforms. When the Conservative government crafted the Education Reform Act of 1988, which mandates a national curriculum for England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, as well as national-curriculum tests at ages 7, 11, and 14, schools in England were permitted to secede from…

Olson, Lynn

2004-01-01

175

Governance or Governing – the Missing Link?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governance and governing are two distinct concepts, but they intertwine. “Good governing” exercises good influence on development. “Good governance” supposes first a relationship of power focused on a series of reforms structured at three levels: the political – administrative level, the economic level, and the level of civil society. As this dimension is difficult to measure, the qualitative evaluation of

Luminita Maria Craciun

2010-01-01

176

COMMODIFICATION OF HOUSING WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In its attempt to reform the housing system, China has rapidly marketized but not privatized the housing production process and system. In contrast, the consumption of housing is privatized quickly but marketized slowly. Yet, the housing allocation process still largely relies on the old system of heavy subsidization. Nonetheless, housing subsidy has been curtailed and the growth in home ownership

Rebecca L. H. Chiu

2001-01-01

177

Welfare Reform Proposals. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations, and Nutrition of the Committee on Agriculture. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing seeks to examine the Family Welfare Reform Act, H.R. 1720, now pending, and determine what changes in the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program and the Food Stamp Program are needed to ensure that the United States has an integrated welfare system. H.R. 1720 includes benefit reforms, a new employment and training…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Agriculture.

178

Globalization and Pension Reform in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

While financial globalization has created powerful incentives for Latin American governments to privatize old age pension systems, reliance on short-term capital flows has also constrained the ability of cash-strapped governments to enact that reform. Analysis of the technocratic process of pension reform in Argentina and Brazil pro- vides evidence. Instead of simply generating unidirectional pres- sures for structural pension reform,

Sarah M. Brooks

2008-01-01

179

Proprietary Vocational Schools. Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations: House of Representatives, Ninety-Third Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Special Studies Subcommittee, conducting an inquiry into proprietary vocational schools, explored ways to limit the misuse of vocational training, to minimize the waste of government funds, and to correct the abuses of misleading advertising, unethical recruiting, and the acceptance of unqualified students. Statements, presented or submitted,…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

180

Leadership Lessons from Comprehensive School Reforms.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume explores the role of leadership in comprehensive school reform (CSR). It consists of 12 chapters: (1) "The Development of Comprehensive School Reform" (Joseph Murphy and Amanda Datnow); (2) "Expeditionary Learning Schools: Tenacity, Leadership, and School Reform" (Greg Farrell); (3) "The Modern Red School House: Leadership in…

Murphy, Joseph, Ed.; Datnow, Amanda, Ed.

181

Estimating the Effect of Student Aid on College Enrollment: Evidence from a Government Grant Policy Reform. NBER Working Paper No. 14535  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, we investigate the responsiveness of the demand for college to changes in student aid arising from a Danish reform. We separately identify the effect of aid from that of other observed and unobserved variables such as parental income. We exploit the combination of a kinked aid scheme and a reform of the student aid scheme to…

Nielsen, Helena Skyt; Sorensen, Torben; Taber, Christopher R.

2008-01-01

182

Pour une Meilleure Gouvernance Comme Fondement de la Reforme de la Fonction Publique en Afrique au Sud du Sahara (Governance Approach to Civil Service Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Inefficient civil service administrations are jeopardizing future development in many African countries. The reforms suggested in this paper would make these administrations more accountable, enforce the rule of law, and reward bureaucrats only for their ...

M. Dia

1993-01-01

183

In Egypt, Grand Plans Meet Harsh Realities: As the Government Prepares Reforms for Higher Education, Scholars Worry that Academic Freedom Will Not Improve  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite governmental efforts to reform higher education in Egypt, faculty and students are concerned that academic freedom will remain limited. This article discusses censorship, funding, overcrowding, corruption, and mismanagement in public Egyptian universities.|

Zoepf, Katherine

2005-01-01

184

Campaign Finance Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1996 US election, which took in more than $260 million in soft money alone, was the most expensive in the nation's history. Long time advocates of campaign finance reform have rallied behind the revised McCain-Feingold proposal which, among other reforms, would ban soft money. However, recent Senate hearings have revealed that the bill does not have the necessary support to pass. The majority of Republican Senators, led by Mitch McConnell, who has pledged to filibuster if necessary, oppose the McCain-Feingold proposal. Recent comments by the Republican leadership in the House reveal that campaign finance reform, as it is currently envisaged, is unlikely to make progress in that chamber either. These sites provide a large number of informative and analytical pieces on campaign finance reform, written from viewpoints across the political spectrum.

De Nie, Michael W.

1997-01-01

185

Local Democracy and Local Government Efficiency: The Case of Elected Executives in Australian Local Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the international context it has been argued that institutional reform to leadership in local government can improve the sector in terms of both its democratic legitimacy and its operational efficiency. In Australia, despite two decades of far-reaching reform processes across state government jurisdictions, focused heavily on structural change, local government still faces daunting problems, yet the potential of reform

Bligh Grant; Brian Dollery; Jeff Gow

2011-01-01

186

Welfare Reform. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Ways and Means. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents the testimony and submissions presented at one of a series of hearings on welfare reform and reauthorization of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. The statement by Cynthia M. Fagnoni, managing director of education, workforce, and income security issues at the U.S. General Accounting Office, assesses…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Ways and Means.

187

Housing in Los Angeles: Affordable Housing for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 1988 mayoral committee assessed the seriousness of Los Angeles (California) housing problems and found that the city's housing efforts were sufficient in the 1960s, when the Federal Government took primary responsibility for housing and the average wage was adequate to support the cost of the average house or apartment. However, the following…

Los Angeles Blue Ribbon Committee for Affordable Housing, CA.

188

Housing renewal policies, house prices and urban competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a growing emphasis in housing policy and its impacts on sub-regional economies. Yet the arguments linking housing and economic competitiveness are typically described in very general terms. First of all, this paper is based on research providing a spatial picture of house prices utilising housing data from the UK government's Land Registry and presenting key findings from

Xin Liu

2010-01-01

189

Power Sector Reforms in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Power sector reforms in India were initiated in the face of mounting commercial losses due to poor fiscal health of State Utilities, endemic capacity and energy shortages and increasing subsidy burden on the states. Investment in the sector was falling far short of demand in power supply. The Government of India, in 1991 embarked upon an ambitious program for reforming

Harbans L. Bajaj; D. Sharma

2006-01-01

190

Medicare and Health Care Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Medicare constitutes one of the most popular programs of the federal government, even its most ardent supporters would likely agree that improvements could be made and likely should be part of any package of comprehensive health care reform. While some changes could be made as stand-alone reforms. it would be better to integrate changes for the under 65-population with

Marilyn Moon

1994-01-01

191

Land reform in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The newly?elected South African government began in 1994 to make laws and implement a programme for land reform. It consisted of three dimensions: redistribution (transferring white?owned commercial farm land to African users); restitution (settling claims for land lost under apartheid measures by restoration of holdings or compensation); and land tenure reform (to provide more secure access to land in the

Lionel Cliffe

2000-01-01

192

Form of Urban Local Government in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of urban local governments in India has become extremely challenging. To ensure that demands of the urban population are addressed properly, the Indian government has initiated various policy reforms to strengthen local governments. This article describes the form of urban local government in India in the context of recent municipal reforms. Evolution of municipalities, their typology and constitution,

Rumi Aijaz

2008-01-01

193

The Big Ideas behind Whole System Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whole system reform means that every vital part of the system--school, community, district, and government--contributes individually and in concert to forward movement and success, using practice, not research, as the driver of reform. With this in mind, several "big ideas", based on successful implementation, informed Ontario's reform strategy:…

Fullan, Michael

2010-01-01

194

The Big Ideas behind Whole System Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whole system reform means that every vital part of the system--school, community, district, and government--contributes individually and in concert to forward movement and success, using practice, not research, as the driver of reform. With this in mind, several "big ideas", based on successful implementation, informed Ontario's reform strategy:…

Fullan, Michael

2010-01-01

195

The politics of social policy reform in post-communist Poland: Government responses to the social insurance crisis during 1989–1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most analyses of post-communist transitions have paid little attention to the contemporary political and economic problems of social insurance reform in Eastern and Central Europe. Contrary to early predictions of many observers, the official embrace of free market liberalism by the new political elites in Poland during 1989–1993 did not lead to radical cuts in social spending across the board.

Tomasz Inglot

1995-01-01

196

The Stuttgart Reform Concept.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews curriculum reform being implemented at the Library School of Stuttgart for students planning to work in public libraries. Components of the new curriculum include core courses in library science, electives in special areas of librarianship, seminars in chosen subject disciplines, and field work in libraries and government agencies. (LRW)

Bienert, F.

1987-01-01

197

Consumer Health Informatics: Emerging Issues. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations, House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of the authors' review of consumer health informatics--the use of modern computers and telecommunications to support consumers in obtaining information, analyzing their unique health care needs, and helping them make decis...

1996-01-01

198

State-Owned Enterprise Reform in Post-Mao China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article assesses some critical issues concerning China's State-Owned Enterprise (SOE) reform and foresees its future in a broader picture of administrative reform. The first section of the article provides a review of the reform process. The second section discusses the current situations of the SOEs and the reform's implication to such issues as: ownership (privatization), governance, marketization and management.

Kaifeng Yang

2007-01-01

199

Essays on the economics of housing subsidies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a perfect market a government needs not to intervene. For several reasons the housing market is not a perfect market and, thus, governments generally tend to intervene. The Dutch government, however, intervenes mainly by subsidies to such an extent that the housing market has become strongly dysfunctional. The problematic functioning of the Dutch housing market makes one wonder to

F. P. W. Schilder

2012-01-01

200

Reform Discourse and Curriculum Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two prominent recent education reform reports ("A Nation at Risk" and "Tomorrow's Teachers") are examined, using discourse analysis. This article concludes that the reports' language and discursive practices limit rather than expand possibilities for substantive curriculum reform. (IAH)

Cornbleth, Catherine; Gottlieb, Esther E.

1989-01-01

201

Defense Reform and the Caucasus: Challenges of Institutional Reform during Unresolved Conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

The attempt of the Georgian government to reform and restructure its military forces in the past ten years demonstrates the difficulty of conducting Western-style defense reform in postconflict states, which have not seen a formal end to armed conflict. Western-style reforms were intended to bring Georgia greater peace, stability, and accountability, with the added benefit of training additional soldiers to

Geoffrey Wright

2009-01-01

202

Reformers and Reform: Towards Free Public Libraries in Victoria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Victorian Free Library Service Board Act" of 1946 was the culmination of a long campaign to replace the mechanics' institute model of library provision with free libraries funded by state and local government. Given that library reform required legislation by the state government, this paper is mainly concerned with the political campaign…

Barker, Donald

2007-01-01

203

U.S. immigration reform: policy issues and economic analysis.  

PubMed

This paper discusses the US immigration issue which has resurfaced in the last 10 years because the foreign born population grew by 4.5 million between 1970 and 1980. Because immigration accounts for 25% of the US population growth during the 1970s, reconsideration of US immigration policy by the government is underway. The Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy was established in 1979 to evaluate existing laws and policies on admitting immigrants into the US. Presently, these policies focus on family reunification, as opposed to labor considerations. In 1984, the Senate and House passed the Simpson-Mazzoli Bill, but the bill died in the conference committee that was established to reconcile the differences between the 2 versions. 3 provisions of debate surround the proposed act: 1) control of illegal immigration - - the Senate arguing for the requirement of a national identification card to verify an individual is authorized for US employment; 2) legalization of alien status - - the House refusing to confer immediate permanent resident status on any alien; and 3) reform of legal immigration - - a provision that the House altogether ignores. Immigration takes jobs from Americans, depresses domestic wages, and worsens working conditions. On the other hand, immigrants fill the jobs which domestic workers find undesirable. The compromises reached by the conference committee concentrate on employer sanctions and the legalization of illegal aliens; reform of legal immigration failed to gain approval. PMID:12340442

Greenwood, M J; Mcdowell, J M

1985-01-01

204

Government in transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The speed of economic reforms is not the only important determinant of the success of the transition to a market economy: the transition of government from a communist state to an institution supporting a market economy is as critical. Survey evidence shows that Russia lags significantly behind Poland in the transition of its government, which may account for its inferior

Andrei Shleifer

1997-01-01

205

Contextualising policy transfer in Cambodian local governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cambodia has undertaken many reforms to rebuild its government institutions and economy in order to promote social and human development. The experimental Local Development Fund has succeeded in transforming local governance to achieve greater local development by adopting 'best fit' rather than 'best practice' approaches, which made possible government buy-in and ownership of the reform process. This paper develops an

Vuthy Horng; Kimchoeun Pak

206

Reforming Militant Madaris in Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The madaris located in Pakistan have played an important role in spreading militant jihadist ideologies and some have even labeled the madaris “terrorist factories.” After the War on Terror began the Pakistani government was forced to deal with their violent religious schools. The federal government did produce a plan for reform; however, the already unimpressive strategies have not been followed

Moniza Khokhar

2007-01-01

207

Social Democracy and Market Reform in Australia and New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social democratic governments in Australia and New Zealand adopted policies of radical free-market reform, including financial deregulation, privatization, and public-sector reform in the 1980s. Because of the absence of institutional obstacles to government action, reform was faster and more comprehensive in New Zealand than in Australia. The New Zealand reforms were associated with increasing inequality and generally poor economic outcomes.

John Quiggin

1998-01-01

208

Housing for Migrant Agricultural Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to assist the producer in meeting the housing regulations of Federal, state, and local governments for migratory workers and thereby to attract better labor through adequate housing, this agricultural handbook contains discussions of the migrant-labor situation; regulations and standards; general housing considerations (i.e., length of…

Simons, J. W.; And Others

209

Housing Tenure Choice in Transitional Urban China: A Multilevel Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. Using a 1996 national survey of housing in China and a multilevel modelling technique, we examine housing tenure choice in transitional urban China where households have been granted limited freedom of choice in the housing market since the housing reforms of 1988. We é nd that both market mechanisms and institutional forces affect households' tenure choice in urban China.

Youqin Huang; William A. V. Clark

2002-01-01

210

Purpose-Driven Public Sector Reform: The Need for Within-Government Capacity Build for the Management of Slope Stability in Communities in the Caribbean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article stresses the importance of within-government capacity build as the optimal approach to minimizing landslide risk to the most vulnerable communities in the developing world. Landslide risk is an integrated issue that demands strong managerial leadership and multidisciplinary inclusion to develop structures that deliver sustainable improvements in the reduction of risk. The tension between projects demanding international technical and financial intervention and those capable of “within-country” solutions are examined. More particularly, the challenges of developing a management methodology capable of energizing inter-ministry collaboration to achieve community-level action is examined in the context of a recently established program of slope stability management in St. Lucia. The program, Management of Slope Stability in Communities (MoSSaiC), is shown to have successfully fostered not only extensive technical collaboration within government but also to have energized local communities in the shared mission of capacity build through their direct involvement in the management process.

Anderson, Malcolm; Holcombe, Liz

2006-01-01

211

Purpose-Driven Public Sector Reform: The Need for Within-Government Capacity Build for the Management of Slope Stability in Communities in the Caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article stresses the importance of within-government capacity build as the optimal approach to minimizing landslide risk\\u000a to the most vulnerable communities in the developing world. Landslide risk is an integrated issue that demands strong managerial\\u000a leadership and multidisciplinary inclusion to develop structures that deliver sustainable improvements in the reduction of\\u000a risk. The tension between projects demanding international technical and

Malcolm Anderson; Liz Holcombe

2006-01-01

212

Yeperenye Dreaming in Conceptual, Geographical, and Cyberspace: A Participatory Action Research Approach to Address Local Governance Within an Australian Indigenous Housing Association  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses work in progress with an Indigenous housing association in Central Australia. It builds on and extends a 2-year policy and planning project that identified the need for systemic intervention across organizations at the local level. Engagement is with individuals and groups within the local context of organizations, but the context is shaped by local and global challenges.

Janet McIntyre

2003-01-01

213

The role of government in economic development: the chinese experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the role of government in China's economic reform and development years. The study first provides a literature review about major functions government played in the modern economic system and the importance of government policies to economic development. It then evaluates the experience of the Chinese government in the process of reform and development by focusing on five

Kuotsai Tom Liou

1998-01-01

214

Distributed Leadership for ICT Reform in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines distributed leadership in Information Communication Technology reform in a government school in Singapore. The study adopts a naturalistic inquiry approach, drawing upon a case study of the aforementioned school for much of its data. The study found that leadership for Information Communication Technology reform is distributed…

Ng, David; Ho, Jeanne

2012-01-01

215

On the timeliness of tax reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes efficient government reactions to unanticipated tax avoidance. Quickly reforming tax laws to reduce the effectiveness of new tax avoidance techniques prevents widespread adoption, but indirectly encourages the rapid development of new avoidance methods if prior users are permitted to retain their tax benefits. Tax reforms that immediately prevent new avoidance mean that innovators need not fear imitation

James R. Hines Jr

2004-01-01

216

Emerging Issues in Educational Reform in Japan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Uses the demand-supply continuum to look at emerging reforms in the Japanese educational system. Data from fieldwork in major urban districts and their prefectures in Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo highlight demand-driven reform (higher education restructuring), integrated governance (mediating demand and supply at the K-12 levels), and ongoing…

Wong, Kenneth K.

2003-01-01

217

Distributed Leadership for ICT Reform in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines distributed leadership in Information Communication Technology reform in a government school in Singapore. The study adopts a naturalistic inquiry approach, drawing upon a case study of the aforementioned school for much of its data. The study found that leadership for Information Communication Technology reform is distributed according to functions of transformational leadership, instructional leadership, emotional leadership, and

David Ng; Jeanne Ho

2012-01-01

218

Immigrants, Welfare Reform, and the Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The welfare reform bill adopted in the United States in 1996 limited the eligibility of immigrants for several government assistance programs, and early projections estimated that nearly half of the savings associated with the reforms would come from these immigrant restrictions. Several studies have found that subsequent program participation…

Haider, Steven J.; Schoeni, Robert F.; Bao, Yuhua; Danielson, Caroline

2004-01-01

219

What Do We Do about University Governance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a previous paper, this author argued that the present governance arrangements for UK universities and colleges, and in particular the preferred official model for governing bodies, were no longer fit for purpose (if indeed they ever were), and that some fundamental reforms were needed. This paper sets out some reform proposals. The author goes…

Brown, Roger

2011-01-01

220

International Classification of Local Government Accounting Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years most of the OECD countries have introduced important reforms in their public accounting systems, with the objective both of improving public service management and increasing the transparency and accountability of governments. In that context, we think that it could be interesting to study whether the changes and reforms have led to the convergence of local government accounting

Bernardino Benito; Isabel Brusca

2004-01-01

221

What Do We Do about University Governance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a previous paper, this author argued that the present governance arrangements for UK universities and colleges, and in particular the preferred official model for governing bodies, were no longer fit for purpose (if indeed they ever were), and that some fundamental reforms were needed. This paper sets out some reform proposals. The author goes…

Brown, Roger

2011-01-01

222

Government procurement and operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is intended for use by state and local officials who are involved in ''keeping the government's house'', and by any other individuals who are interested in utilizing this function as a means of promoting energy conservation. State and local governments, trying to conserve energy in their respective jurisdictions and trying to contribute to national energy conservation, have far

Tether

1977-01-01

223

Green Houses for the Growth Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new housing growth programme planned for England and Wales between now and 2016 could provide the government with an opportunity to build housing to significantly higher environmental performance (EP) standards. Equally, if the government continues with its current strategy a great opportunity could be missed. This paper considers and critically analyses the government's approach to ensuring higher EP standards

Jo Williams

2008-01-01

224

Organizational and Individual Responses to Educational Reforms in Alberta.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Alberta's (Canada) recent educational reforms exhibit the characteristic elements of new public management (NPM), an international government reform trend that has emerged and grown over the past two decades. This paper describes a study undertaken to explore the impacts of the educational reforms on schools, including the behavior of school…

Evans, Judith Ellen

225

Health Care System Reform in China: Issues, Challenges and Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines health care reform in urban and rural China. Before health care reform, Chinese health service facilities were run entirely by the state and basically they performed a social welfare function. This health care system greatly improved the population health conditions but many problems started to emerge in 1980s when the economic reform started. Since then, the government

Rong Hu; Chunli Shen; Heng-fu Zou

2011-01-01

226

Gender Politics in 21st Century Literacy Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From 2001 to 2004 Education Queensland undertook significant literacy reform in schools through the Literate Futures Project. Research into the impact of this reform has revealed that significant demands were placed on women at all levels, from those producing resources to those leading change within schools. Although the reform was a government

Bishop, Kay

2013-01-01

227

Political Competition and Financial Reform in Transition Economies1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, a ‘consensus’ explanation of policy reform in the transition economies has emerged, according to which, greater political partisanship and intra-government division promotes progress in reform. Using panel data from 24 post-Communist countries between 1991 and 1998, we find that increasing the number of veto players faced by the executive branch promotes financial reform. However, countries where ruling

Cevdet Denizer; Raj M Desai; Nikolay Gueorguiev

228

Political Competition and Financial Reform in Transition Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, a ‘consensus’ explanation of policy reform in the transition economies has emerged, according to which, greater political partisanship and intra-government division promotes progress in reform. Using panel data from 24 post-Communist countries between 1991 and 1998, we find that increasing the number of veto players faced by the executive branch promotes financial reform. However, countries where ruling

Cevdet Denizer; Raj M Desai; Nikolay Gueorguiev

2006-01-01

229

System Dynamics Based Research on Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the reform of residential policies in China, housing market is of great concern to many people. Both from practitioners and academics are there a large body of researches on this issue, normatively and positively. This paper investigates into factors that influence housing prices based on present situations in China, and establishes a system dynamics model to explore the mechanism

Li Lei; Chen Lei; Li Hong-min

2009-01-01

230

Educational Change and the "Khalwa" in the Sudan: Reform Reformed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Sudan's New Educational Policy, a top-down educational reform plan promulgated by the Nimeiri Government during 1970-85. The plan attempted to increase enrollments dramatically and change a colonial British curriculum to a modern, authentically Sudanese curriculum. Fortunately, the plan ignored the Khalawi, alternative institutions that…

Lynch, Patrick D.; And Others

1992-01-01

231

Corruption and Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book suggests how high levels of corruption limit investment and growth can lead to ineffective government. Developing countries and those making a transition from socialism are particularly at risk, but corruption is a worldwide phenomenon. Corruption creates economic inefficiencies and inequities, but reforms are possible to reduce the material benefits from payoffs. Corruption is not just an economic problem,

Susan Rose-Ackerman

2008-01-01

232

Why Do Governments Privatize?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of township-owned enterprises in the rapid growth of the Chinese economy during reform is widely acknowledged. Beginning in the mid-1990s, however, these firms began to be privatized. Perhaps the most striking feature of this process is that it has not occurred uniformly across townships. This raises the simple question: When and why do government leaders privatize? Drawing on

Loren Brandt; Hongbin Li; Joanne Roberts

2004-01-01

233

Did housing policies cause the postwar boom in homeownership?  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the collapse of housing markets during the Great Depression, the U.S. government played a large role in shaping the future of housing finance and policy. Soon thereafter, housing markets witnessed the largest boom in recent history. The objective in this paper is to quantify the contribution of government interventions in housing markets in the expansion of U.S. homeownership using

Carlos Garriga; Matthew Chambers; Don Schlagenhauf

2012-01-01

234

Understanding Reforms: Post 1991 India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book details the remarkable transformation of India from a slow growing economy till late eighties to one of the fastest growing economies of the world. It examines and evaluates the economic reform process intiated fifteen years before in 1991 by the government at the centre,

Suresh D. Tendulkar; Bhavani

235

Local Government in the Australian Federation  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the historically minimalist role of councils in Australia, local government has evolved into a level of government characterised by diversity and the wide range of services provided in response to community needs. As part of this evolutionary process, local government public policy, including local government reform programs throughout Australia, have developed within a context of complex interplays between state

Darren Dallinger

2009-01-01

236

Health care reform requires law reform.  

PubMed

Health care financing and delivery reform seems to be under way. Reform will in all likelihood originate with Congress but may also come from the states or even the private sector. Federal law, however, limits states' options for reform, while state law constrains federal reform, and both state and federal law impede private innovation. Congressional action could facilitate state reform. Alternatively, federal preemption of state law may be necessary for federal reform. If neither Congress nor the states act, action by federal agencies could support private innovation. In any event, law reform is a necessary condition for health reform. PMID:19608564

Jost, Timothy S

2009-07-16

237

Governing Ambiguities. New Forms of Local Governance and Civil Society \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally accepted that the role of local government is changing. Over the last decade most European countries have reformed local governments: the competences and powers of local authorities, and relations between centre and region, have been considerably modified in Britain, France, Italy, the Netherlands and elsewhere, thus favouring a process of decentralization (John, 2001). The implementation of the

Emanuela Bozzini; Bernard Enjolras

2010-01-01

238

Russian local governmental reforms: autonomy for accounting development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on accounting in Russian local governments. When the perestroika period began in the middle of the 1980s, a process of restructuring and reforming the Russian society started. One intention of reforms was to change planned economy to a more market-oriented one. This process of transformation has affected local governments, especially when it concerns the relations between central

Anatoli Bourmistrov; Frode Mellemvik

1999-01-01

239

Hotel Reform in ChinaA SWOT Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hotel industry in China is currently going through fundamental reform in ownership structure and development. A SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis as reforms go forward reveals development opportunities as well as vulnerabilities to internal organizational and external environmental changes. Notable strengths include a growing market and the government’s push to upgrade all hotel standards. Weaknesses include an

Larry Yu; Gu Huimin

2005-01-01

240

Health care reform content and process:propositions from the states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care reform and cost containment have become central campaign and policy issues in the United States. Although focus now centers on federal health care reform policy, state governments have been actively introducing health care reform legislation. Some of the health care reform initiatives on the state level have influenced deliberations on the federal level and President Clinton's health care

Allen Reese; James L. Garnett

1996-01-01

241

Slab reformer  

DOEpatents

Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot comubstion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant.

Spurrier, Francis R. (Whitehall, PA); DeZubay, Egon A. (Mt. Lebanon, PA); Murray, Alexander P. (Murrysville, PA); Vidt, Edward J. (Churchill, PA)

1984-02-07

242

Military satellite communications: Opportunity to save billions of dollars. Report to the Chairman, Legislation, and National Security Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the past several years, the Congress has been critical of DOD's management of satellite communications-a primary concern being high costs. In August 1989, the House Appropriations Committee expressed concern that DOD's satellite communications architecture was in a state of disarray. It directed DOD to provide a comprehensive plan, defining all satellite communications requirements and potential solutions to meet the requirements within realistic resource levels. In October 1990, during deliberations on the fiscal year 1991 defense appropriations bill, the conference committee expressed dissatisfaction with the plan that DOD had provided in March 1990. The committee was concerned about the lack of a comprehensive architecture and directed DOD to submit a clear and affordable plan with the fiscal year 1992 defense budget request.

1993-07-01

243

The Department of Defense`s Chemical Weapons Destruction Program. Hearing before the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, June 16, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The House hearing before the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee addressed the Department of Defense`s Chemical Weapons destruction program. The hearing focussed on the Department of Army`s program to destroy its stockpile of lethal chemical weapons located at eight locations in the United States and on Johnston Atoll in the Pacific. This program has been plaqued with continued delays, procedural shortcuts, and enormous cost overruns. In 1985, Congress directed the Army to destry the U.S. chemical weapons stockpile by 1995. Included is the General Accounting Office testimony on: Chemical Weapons Destruction: Issues related to environmental permitting and testing experience. Statements of Federal and State government officials and industry officials, along with statements and documents submitted for the record by environmental associations are included.

NONE

1993-12-31

244

Culture and Fashion in Reform Implementation: Perceptions and Adaptation of Management Reforms in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how two government-initiated reforms, result-oriented planning and quality assessment, were perceived by 43 department heads and faculty at Norwegian colleges and universities. While result-oriented planning was perceived as an unnecessary reform, causing high tension and having only symbolic effects, quality assessment was seen as…

Stensaker, Bjorn

1998-01-01

245

Land Reform beyond the Reformed Land: A Baseline Study of Unplanned Site Allocations in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper brings to light some of the problems deriving from not systematically using regional planning as a strategic governance tool in land reform policy. With concrete examples from land reform sites in Northeast Brazil, we argue that factors leading to suboptimal results include the lack of a suited space for planned conjunct actions as a means to propel broader

Saulo S. Souza; Elisabete A. Silva

2012-01-01

246

Educational reform in China: tensions in national policy and local practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the post?Mao era, the Chinese government carried out a series of education reforms to modernise education provision. This paper explores two related aspects of these reforms through comparative case study research in three different school locations within the same region in China. The first focus is upon system reform initiated through decentralisation and financial diversification that encouraged local governments

Yujin Liu; Máiréad Dunne

2009-01-01

247

Land Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent literature in development economics has focused renewed attention on land redistribution. Driven in part by political events in countries like Zimbabwe, the literature has sought to understand the economic implications of land reform. Much of this literature focuses on credit market imperfections and the role of land as collateral. Redistribution of land allows poor farmers to borrow, invest,

Douglas Gollin

2004-01-01

248

Synthetic Fuels Corporation oversight. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, first session February 19, 1981  

SciTech Connect

John McAtee, Jr., General Counsel for the Synthetic Fuels Corporation (SFC), was the principal witness at a February 19, 1981 hearing to review whether the SFC is following Congressional intent. Evidence from preliminary monitoring indicates that the SFC has already deviated in the areas of salaries and fringe benefits, compliance with public meeting requirements, responses to the Ethics in Government Act, the handling of patent rights and small business involvement, and the financial support of synfuel commercialization. Mr. McAtee and other representative of SFC responded to these concerns in their statements and with other materials submitted for the record. (DCK)

Not Available

1981-01-01

249

House prices and city revenues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very little is known about what impact recent large upward and downward swings in single-family home values have had on local government budgets. Using a unique 15-year panel of Florida cities that includes both detailed revenue and house price data, we investigate the pathways whereby a change in house price may affect city revenue per capita and test for symmetric

William M. Doerner; Keith R. Ihlanfeldt

2011-01-01

250

The Impermanent House: A Psychoanalytical Approach to Improving Glasgow's Social Housing Scheme  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the design philosophies of Richard Neutra as a suggestive approach to improving social housing in Glasgow, Scotland. Starting in the late-19 th Century, Glasgow has experienced a range of reformative measures to improve the housing situation, from massive slum clearance and demolition to stock refurbishment and new-build in the social sector. Vast populations were also decanted to

Janice Fung; Colin D. A. Porteous; Tim Sharpe

2006-01-01

251

Fiscal reform and governmental efficiency: Hanging tough  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many surveys of taxpayers in the wake of the fiscal reforms of the 1970's have indicated that frustration with the inefficiency and wastefulness of government is a major motive behind their votes for tax and expenditure limitations. There is a strongly held belief that government can do as much as it is currently doing with much less money. There is

George Downs; Patrick Larkey

1981-01-01

252

Educational Reform in Japan for Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes the current state of affairs and reform in Japan in 2007 of the theory, policy, and practice of lifelong education. As in most countries, Japan has been talking of decentralisation in government, of giving more local autonomy to communities and of promoting individuality in education. In line with these aims, the government

Kawachi, Paul

2008-01-01

253

Reforming UK health care to improve health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current debate about reforming the NHS is surprising in a number of ways. Timmins (1988) points out that it was unforeseen and not part of the Government’s main concerns after winning the election in June 1987. It is surprising in another way because it is only six years ago since there was another debate about the NHS which resulted

Gwyn Bevan; Alan Maynard; Walter Holland; Nicholas Mays

1988-01-01

254

Grants Management: Improved Planning, Coordination, and Communication Needed to Strengthen Reform Efforts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

GAO has previously identified several management challenges that have hindered grants management reform efforts. GAO was asked to review recent federal grants management reform efforts. GAO reviewed (1) what OMB and other federal grants governance bodies ...

2013-01-01

255

What policies and policy processes are needed to ensure that people with psychiatric disabilities have access to appropriate housing?  

PubMed

This paper uses data from a South Australian case study of a period of mental health reform (2000-2005) to answer the question of how different policy networks set agenda and implement policy to ensure that people with psychiatric disabilities have access to appropriate housing. Qualitative methods were used, including interviews (n = 31) and focus groups (n = 8) with non-government organisations (NGOs), consumers and carers and professionals from health, disability and housing sectors, and participant observation with South Australian NGOs (n = 52). These data were supported by a thematic analysis of national and State (i.e. South Australian) policies in mental health and housing sectors. The research indicated that, despite a number of 'inter-sectoral projects' and regional networks, the health and housing sectors were essentially separate policy systems with little integration. It also concluded that the absence of strategic integration across sectors leads to inadequate housing for people with a psychiatric disability. Research participants considered the need for better collaboration secondary to the need for additional housing and support resources and political commitment to such resources. A number of barriers and enablers to policy agenda setting and collaboration were identified. The paper concludes with a discussion of policy and policy processes which will support housing outcomes for people with psychiatric disability. PMID:20116916

Battams, Samantha; Baum, Fran

2010-01-29

256

Reforming catalyst  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a catalyst useful for reforming a naphtha feed at high severity reforming conditions. It comprises the metals, platinum, rhenium and iridium on a refractory porous inorganic oxide support, the support consisting essentially of alumina, wherein the concentration by weight of each of the metals platinum and rhenium is at least 0.1 percent and iridium at least 0.15 percent and at least one of the metals is present in a concentration of at least 0.3 percent, and the sum-total; concentration of the metals is greater than 0.9 percent, and wherein each catalyst particle contains all three of the metals platinum, rhenium and iridium. This patent also describes this composition wherein the catalyst contains from about 0.1 percent to about 3 percent of a halogen and from about 0.05 percent to about 0.02 percent sulfur.

Baird, W.C. Jr.; Swan, G.A.

1991-11-19

257

Nigeria: Government Corruption and Electoral Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2011 general election in Nigeria was internationally recognized as the most open and transparent to date. Greater voter turn out and increased voter confidence in fair election results were reported by both the European Union Election Observation Miss...

J. Stewart

2012-01-01

258

Progress in Housing and Urban Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Several community development programs have gained federal funding through the Housing and Community Development Act. These activities include the development of property tax relief measures for the elderly and a housing modernization program. Rules governing the funding have been proposed by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).…

Walker, Bailus, Jr.

1975-01-01

259

Problems in Urban Centers: Philadelphia--Los Angeles--Houston. Oversight Hearings before the Committee on the District of Columbia. House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, First and Second Sessions on Problems in Urban Centers, Washington, D.C., and the Federal Government Role (June 15, 30, 1981, and February 12, 1982). Volume II. Serial No. 97-15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This is the second published volume of the House Committee on the District of Columbia's hearings and findings on the problems of urban centers in America and the Federal government role. The earlier volume focused on Washington, D.C. as a central model and viewed urban problems very broadly. Based on findings presented in the earlier volume, the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the District of Columbia.

260

Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

261

Democracy and Reforms.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The authors use a sample of 147 countries to investigate the link between democracy and reforms. Democracy may be conducive to reforms, because politicians have the incentive to embrace growth-enhancing reforms to win elections. By contrast, authoritarian...

M. Amin S. Djankov

2009-01-01

262

Barriers to Financial Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Despite widespread agreement that rural financial reforms are needed in LDCs, arguments against the possibility of implementing such reforms are often heard. Four common arguments, all illustrative of existing barriers to financial reform are analyzed her...

R. C. Vogel

1979-01-01

263

Health Financing And Insurance Reform In Morocco  

PubMed Central

The government of Morocco approved two reforms in 2005 to expand health insurance coverage. The first is a payroll-based mandatory health insurance plan for public-and formal private–sector employees to extend coverage from the current 16 percent of the population to 30 percent. The second creates a publicly financed fund to cover services for the poor. Both reforms aim to improve access to high-quality care and reduce disparities in access and financing between income groups and between rural and urban dwellers. In this paper we analyze these reforms: the pre-reform debate, benefits covered, financing, administration, and oversight. We also examine prospects and future challenges for implementing the reforms.

Ruger, Jennifer Prah; Kress, Daniel

2010-01-01

264

India's water crisis: the challenges of governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper identifies some critical lacunae in the governance structure of India's water resources. It makes a case for reforming the bureaucracy for greater accountability, linking performance with rewards and improving coordination. It argues that the institutional reform in India's water sector needs a three-pronged strategy. The first element of this strategy should aim at securing greater coordination and integration

Vishal Narain

2000-01-01

265

Current educational reform and the significance of problem-based learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present predicament of higher education resulting from government-imposed reforms is, it is argued, partly a consequence of the education to which members of government have themselves been subject; consequently, higher education carries some responsibility for the nature of the reforms. Government and higher education share a conception of knowledge, understanding and education which, paradoxically, predisposes the parties to act

Don Margetson

1994-01-01

266

Blended remote sensing tools for house management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remote sensing can provide very detail information for a given house because of digital maps at a scale of 1:1000. There are more than 6,500 house holds and about 121,000 hectares have been investigated and created as house databases in 2006. The house databases are very useful in agricultural mapping and monitoring for a county government. Blended remote sensing tools

Mu-Lin Wu; Yu-Ming Wang; Deng-Ching Wong; Ming-Hon Hwang; Ching-Mei Chu

2007-01-01

267

Strategies for Higher Education Reform in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter focuses on issues of higher education reform strategies in Thailand\\u000a \\u000a during the post-economic crisis period (1997–2007). The Thai Government\\u000a \\u000a attests five key reform policies in teaching and learning, finance, human resources, research, and administration. When examining\\u000a governmental policies and actions, educational law, and educational strategies from the Thai Ministry of Education, it is\\u000a evident the implementation of reform

Nattavud Pimpa

268

The Federal Role in K-12 Mathematics Reform. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Youth and Families of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (February 2, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This hearing focuses on the federal role in K-12 mathematics reform. Prepared statements are provided from: Michael N. Castle, Chairman, Subcommittee on Early Childhood Youth, and Families; Dale E. Kildee, Ranking Member, Subcommittee on Early Childhood Youth, and Families; Howard P. "Buck" Mckeon, Chairman, Subcommittee on Postsecondary…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

269

Health Care Reform: How Do Women, Children, and Teens Fare? Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Testimony of a hearing on health care reform, especially as it relates to women, children, and adolescents, is presented in this document. Statements and/or materials by these Representatives is included: Bill Barrett, Matthew Martinez, Mike Bilirakis, and Patricia Schroeder. Testimony and/or prepared statements and materials are included from…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

270

Hearing on the Impact of Health Care Reform on Schools. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Select Education and Civil Rights of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These hearing transcripts present testimony concerning the impact of proposed health care reforms on American elementary and secondary schools. The hearing focused on how the proposed Health Security Act would affect and benefit schools and how American schools can assist in realizing the objectives of the Act. Much of the testimony was presented…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

271

Private rental housing markets in the united states  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this contribution is to review private rental housing markets and policy in the United States. Green and Malpezzi (forthcoming) provides a broader and more detailed review. Most rental housing in the U.S. is private and unsubsidized. This housing is governed by private contracts, regulated mainly by state and local governments, with said regulations enforced mainly by state

Stephen Malpezzi

1998-01-01

272

Fantasies of Empowerment: Mapping Neoliberal Discourse in the Coalition Government's Schools Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The swift nature of school reform enacted by the new Conservative-led coalition government has sparked debate over the future of state education in Britain. While the government rhetoric suggests a decisive break with past policies, there is evidence to suggest that these reforms constitute the next stage of a long revolution in education reform,…

Wright, Adam

2012-01-01

273

Urban health insurance reform and coverage in China using data from National Health Services Surveys in 1998 and 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In 1997 there was a major reform of the government run urban health insurance system in China. The principal aims of the reform were to widen coverage of health insurance for the urban employed and contain medical costs. Following this reform there has been a transition from the dual system of the Government Insurance Scheme (GIS) and Labour Insurance

Ling Xu; Yan Wang; Charles D Collins; Shenglan Tang

2007-01-01

274

Knowledge Management at the Finnish Government: Now, Never or Later.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, knowledge management is seen as an element of strategic management for which the highest level of the organization is responsible. Knowledge management is discussed in the framework of the current reform of the central government in Finland. The main goals of the reform are to strengthen the cooperation in the central government,…

Jussilainen, Maija

275

Maintaining ethical cultures: Self-regulation in english local government  

Microsoft Academic Search

The establishment of an ethical framework to govern councillor conduct has been an important and controversial aspect of local government reform in England. Both the detail of the statutory code and the associated system of enforcement have been subject to criticism. As a result of some of these problems future reform and policy is likely to rely to a greater

Stephen Greasley

2007-01-01

276

The Past and Future of Housing Policy Innovation: The Case of US State Housing Trust Funds  

Microsoft Academic Search

State governments are increasingly expected to help fill the gap between the demand and supply of affordable housing within the US. Little systematic attention has been paid to state housing strategies over the years, despite a lengthening record of policy innovation. This paper asks what factors influence state adoption of housing trust funds (HTFs), and if these factors differ based

Corianne Payton Scally

2012-01-01

277

Promarket reforms and allocation of capital in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The government of India initiated pro-market reforms in the 1990s, after almost five decades of socialist planning. These and subsequent policy reforms are credited as the drivers of India’s radical economic transformation. Prior to reforms, private investment was strictly regulated and restricted to limited sectors. There have since been numerous changes in sectors important for investment, such as the bank

Sameeksha Desai; Johan Eklund; Andreas Högberg

2009-01-01

278

Promarket Reforms and Allocation of Capital in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The government of India initiated pro-market reforms in the 1990s, after almost five decades of socialist planning. These and subsequent policy reforms are credited as the drivers of India’s radical economic transformation. Prior to reforms, private investment was strictly regulated and restricted to certain areas and sectors. There have since been numerous changes in sectors important for investment, which should

Sameeksha Desai; Johan E. Eklund; Andreas Högberg

2009-01-01

279

HOUSING FINANCE IN INDIA A CASE STUDY OF LIC HOUSING FINANCE LIMITED  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing, as one of the three basic needs of life, always remains on the top priority of any person, economy, government and society at large. In India, majority of the population lives in slums and shabby shelters in rural areas. From the last decade, the Government of India has been continuously trying to strengthen the housing sector by introducing various

Fulbag Singh; Reema Sharma

2006-01-01

280

Making School Reform Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses accountability in U.S. K-12 public education today, describing three ideas of accountability: trust the experts (within the system reform), trust but verify (standards based reform), and trust the customers (free market reform). Examines political obstacles, mixed results of the various reform strategies, lessons learned about…

Finn, Chester E., Jr.

2002-01-01

281

Analysis of Urban Security House Standard in China:A Case Study of Low-cost Housing 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this research are to establish an indicator system model to evaluate Chinese urban housing security; to analysis the strategy decisions from government on choosing the lowest housing quality standards for current housing community; and to propose an effective system to improve the basic housing standards for social vulnerable groups in urban. By using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)

Liu Yu; Li Xiaolong

2007-01-01

282

New Public Management in Educational Reform in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article focuses on the similarities and differences in using new public management (NPM) administrative arrangements in educational policy as they have been presented in the educational reform process carried out this millennium by two governments in Norway: the Centre-Conservative government and the current Red-Green coalition government.…

Solhaug, Trond

2011-01-01

283

ICT, Innovation and Public Management: Governance, Models & Alternatives for E-Government Infrastructures  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-government and related Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are commonly understood to provide a great opportunity to innovate the business of government by fostering efficiency and reforming public management. This paper argues that the main approaches and methodologies used for the development of e- government applications, services and infrastructure overlook the potential to provide innovative mechanisms for the reshaping of

Diego D. Navarra; Tony Cornford

2005-01-01

284

Welfare Reform: Challenges and Opportunities for Public-Private Partnerships. Selected Proceedings from a Conference for Local Government Officials in the Mississippi Delta Region (Cleveland, Mississippi, May 29, 1997). Publication No. 98-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains selected proceedings from a conference that was convened in the Mississippi Delta region to provide interested stakeholders (citizens and local public officials) with information about recent federal and state welfare reform legislation. The document begins with an explanation of how the old Aid to Families with Dependent…

Range, Les, Ed.

285

Housing '70.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report was prepared by the Ada Development Council under a comprehensive planning grant from the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, to meet the following needs: To provide a profile of the housing market in Ada County and to identify c...

1970-01-01

286

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.|

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

287

Battery housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present invention comprises a battery housing suitable for holding a battery which may generate a dangerously high level of internal pressure. The housing includes a receptacle having a vent passage covered by a rupture disc, the rupture disc in turn covered by a diffuser head having a longitudinal bore therein extending from the rupture disc to a blind end,

1985-01-01

288

24 CFR 971.7 - Plan for removal of units from public housing inventories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...development shall be removed from the public housing inventory; informing...for consultation with applicable public housing tenants of the affected development and the unit of local government where the public housing is located, as set...

2013-04-01

289

Financial Audit: Federal Housing Finance Agency's Fiscal Years 2010 and 2009 Financial Statements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 (HERA) created the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) and gave it responsibility for, among other things, the supervision and oversight of the housing-related government-sponsored enterprises (GSE): Fannie ...

2010-01-01

290

Poverty and environmental impacts of electricity price reforms in Montenegro  

Microsoft Academic Search

The creation of the Energy Community of South Eastern Europe in 2005 committed countries in South Eastern Europe to liberalize their energy markets in accordance to EU regulations. The Government of Montenegro is thus in the process of reforming its energy sector, which includes an electricity tariff reform. This paper analyzes the environmental and social impacts of an increase in

Patricia Silva; Irina Klytchnikova; Dragana Radevic

2009-01-01

291

Fast Track Land Reform and Agricultural Productivity in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the year 2000, the government of Zimbabwe launched the Fast Track Land Reform Program (FTLRP) as part of its ongoing land reform and resettlement program. It seeks to address the racially skewed land distribution pattern inherited at independence in 1980. This paper used data on beneficiaries of the program and a control group of communal farmers to investigate the

Precious Zikhali

2008-01-01

292

Fast Track Land Reform and Agricultural Productivity in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the year 2000 the government of Zimbabwe launched the Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) as part of its ongoing land reform and resettlement programme, which seeks to address the racially skewed land distribution pattern inherited at independence in 1980. This paper uses data on beneficiaries of the programme and a control group of communal farmers to investigate the

Precious Zikhali

2008-01-01

293

Mental Health Reform and Evolution of General Psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To discuss developments in Ontario mental health reform, describe general psychiatric serv- ices in contrast to tertiary services, describe guidelines for the training of general psychiatrists, and sug- gest what changes may be required to develop an integrated mental health system (IMHS). Method: We review the Ontario government's recent blueprint for mental health reform and the Cana- dian federal

294

The New Zealand State and Educational Reforms: 'Competing' Interests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ways in which the shape of New Zealand's educational system crucially affected the implementation process of market oriented educational reforms are examined in this paper. The first part discusses educational reform in New Zealand as political management. The Labour government's program from 1987 to 1990 was designed to reduce the size and scope…

Gordon, Liz

295

Assessing the sustainability of pension reforms in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spurred by the ageing transition, many governments have made wide-ranging reforms, dramatically changing Europe's pensions landscape. Nevertheless there remain concerns about future costs, while unease about adequacy is growing. This study develops a comprehensive framework to assess pension system sustainability. It captures the effects of reforms on the ability of systems to alleviate poverty and maintain living standards, while setting

Aaron George Grech

2010-01-01

296

School Reform in the Deep South: A Critical Appraisal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An assessment of the school reform movement, this book focuses on the states of the Deep South--Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi. Ten articles, organized into three sections, tackle such issues as the role of government in school reform, the professional growth of teachers, and the privatization of schools. Part 1 includes the following: "Public…

Vold, David J., Ed.; DeVitis, Joseph L., Ed.

297

Reforming Chicago Public Schools: The Intended and Unintended Consequences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Chicago School Reform Act provided a rare opportunity for those who were involved in the development of the legislation to be primarily responsible for the initial implementation of the plan. The governance model of the Reform Act, which is the subject of this study, provided for an elected school counsel at each of 542 schools and maintained…

Vasquez, Rosetta

298

[Grasping economic reform and family planning simultaneously].  

PubMed

This report aims at proposing ways the Chinese government can raise productivity levels and living standards while promoting the objectives of family planning. During the 1970's, family planning was heavily emphasized. Every factory, commune, and government agency had a specialized group of personnel responsible for family planning. Since the time of economic reform, this group has been vastly minimized because of the central government's demands for reduction of "unproductive" personnel. Thus, with economic reform came a sizeable obstacle to the family planning campaign. The report takes Hong Lai County as an example of recent undertakings to balance the new reforms and the family planning objectives. Hong Lai County, one of the poorest counties in the Sichuan Province, located in western central Chna, has seen a growth in GNP of 100% since the economic reform of 1979. At the same time, the government of the county has had to work extremely hard to promote family planning, especially in rural areas where these objectives are more difficult to reinforce. The county government, in an effort to encourage these objectives, has set up programs of compensation in the form of special allowances and bonuses. Moreover, eucational programs have proven effective in this area. The report indicates that much success has been achieved in the areas of education through promotional campaigns and vocational training which have, in turn, increased productivity levels and living standards. PMID:12159346

Hou, W

1985-07-29

299

Solar House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students work in teams to design and build a model of a solar house after researching several websites. Students will discover that a solar house takes advantage of solar energy to minimize the use of traditional energy sources and can include design elements that take advantage of the sun's rays to light and heat the house, to heat water, and to set up a favorable flow of air. They also learn that many solar houses contain a solar mass that will absorb the heat during the day and release it slowly at night and a passive solar house will also take into account the angle of the sun's rays, to maximize heating during the winter and shade during the summer. This site contains all of the specifications for planning, building, and testing the model and a rubric for grading the project.

Van Norden, Wendy

300

Reauthorization of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Select Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, 97th Congress, First Session on H.R. 2318 to Reauthorize the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act (Washington, DC, March 9 and 12, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The document contains the transcript of the congressional hearings on H.R. 2318 to extend authorizations of appropriations for programs established in the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act and the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act of 1978. Among the individuals presenting statements are the following: A. Cohn on…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

301

A Loan Modification Approach to the Housing Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing crisis threatens to destroy hundreds of billions of dollars of value by causing homeowners with negative equity to walk away from their houses. We advocate a legal reform that would allow homeowners to reduce principal while giving mortgage holders an equity interest. Such a plan would give homeowners an incentive to keep or resell their homes, thus reducing

Eric A. Posner; Luigi Zingales

2009-01-01

302

Marie Russo: An Oral History of the Italian Settlement House  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Settlement House Movement in the United States was a response by progressive reformers to meet the needs of urban poor and immigrant families in the early years of the 20th century. Some settlements were outreach services of churches. There are limited accounts of the experiences of the individuals who used the settlement houses. This…

Beard, Kathryn H.

2010-01-01

303

The Invisible Hand: Big Business and Chicago School Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines Chicago's governance reforms as one case of corporate influence on public school policy making. Discusses the role of local political institutions and corporate organizational resources. Corporate associations were involved in both policymaking and policy implementation. (SM)|

Shipps, Dorothy

1997-01-01

304

China's environmental governance in transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the face of unprecedented economic and industrial growth levels, China is rapidly developing its system of environmental governance. Coming from a conventional command-and-control approach to environmental policy, which fitted well its centrally planned economy, transitional China is swiftly reforming and diversifying its environmental approaches, instruments, arrangements and legal regulations. This article aims to grasp and assess the direction, extent

Arthur P. J. Mol; Neil T. Carter

2006-01-01

305

Heterogeneity and dynamics in China's emerging urban housing market: two sides of a success story from the late 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's emerging housing market plays a pivotal role in the ongoing economic reforms. The complete abandonment of the socialist housing allocation system in the late 1990s has led to profound changes in housing provision and consumption in urban China. This paper, through analysis of 2000 Chinese census data and other comparable data sets, studies housing trends in urban China and

Zhou Yu

2004-01-01

306

Banking System Reform in China: The Challenges of Moving Toward a Market-Oriented Economy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper briefly reviews the history of Chinese banking-system reform since the late 1970s and examines recent government reform efforts in detail, mainly focusing on the reform of state-owned commercial banks, which are handling more than half of the d...

K. Okazaki

2007-01-01

307

Educational Reform in China: Tensions in National Policy and Local Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the post-Mao era, the Chinese government carried out a series of education reforms to modernise education provision. This paper explores two related aspects of these reforms through comparative case study research in three different school locations within the same region in China. The first focus is upon system reform initiated through…

Liu, Yujin; Dunne, Mairead

2009-01-01

308

Does Motherhood and Fatherhood still 'Pay' after the Policy Reforms of the 1990's in Finland?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1990s was a decade of economic crisis, recovery and policy reforms in Finland. During that decade, the family policy model faced two rather radical reform waves, each of which had been introduced by a new government coalition. Both reform waves were justified by saving public spending, but by different social policy philosophies. This study assesses the impact of family

Anita Haataja

309

Banking reform in China: Driven by international standards and Chinese specifics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the progress of banking reforms in China over the last five years. The stated goal of reform is to “transform major banks into internationally competitive joint?stock commercial banks with appropriate corporate governance structures, adequate capital, stringent internal controls, safe and sound business operations, quality services as well as desirable profitability.” The reform strategy relies on three pillars

Zdenek Kudrna

2007-01-01

310

Overidentification Issues within the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and the Need for Reform. Hearing before the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (October 4, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report contains the proceedings of a hearing on the overidentification of students with disabilities that was conducted on October 4, 2001, before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Education and the Workforce. The report includes opening statements by Chairman John Boehner and Representative George Miller and the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

311

Reforming the World Bank: from social?liberalism to neo?liberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using an analytics of government perspective, it is argued that neo?liberalism as an art of government, especially its form as North American advanced liberal political reason, has shaped enterprise governance and managerial reform at the World Bank. With a focus on the World Bank as a financial banking enterprise, the article explores questions of power, governance and liberal government in

John Girdwood

2007-01-01

312

Health Reform.online: Health Sector Reform, Health Economics and Sustainable Financing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank's Economic Development Institute has recently developed Health Reform.online to provide distance education opportunities for those interested in "health sector reform, health economics or sustainable financing." The site will house educational modules based on EDI's Health Sector Reform and Sustainable Financing training program. The first module, "Introduction to the concepts and analytical tools of health sector reform and financing," includes lessons, case studies, interactive exercises, suggested readings, an extensive glossary, and a course outline. Future EDI training opportunities will be announced at the site. A Library section allows browsing and searching of abstracts or the full-text of over 500,000 pages of World Bank health documents on health projects in developing countries. Note, to view the full-text documents, users will need to download the Prizm plug-in, available at the site. EDI plans to add links to regional partner institute Websites and courses, in the future.

1998-01-01

313

Boom and bust: housing equity withdrawal and consumption decisions and their impacts on household wealth.  

PubMed

The authors examine whether the surge in housing refinance and equity withdrawal generated by the housing boom disproportionately affected older households in terms of decisions on whether to refinance, whether to withdraw equity, and how much to withdraw, and how in turn these decisions affected their household wealth. Using the Federal Reserve's Survey of Consumer Finances, the authors found the highest rates of refinancing and cashing out equity among older (although not necessarily the oldest) households. The authors also found that appreciation in house value, being a baby boomer, and having higher household income were the factors that most increased the probability of refinancing and withdrawing equity. Amounts cashed out were higher among older than among younger households. Ordinary least squares (OLS) estimates showed that amounts withdrawn were increased by price appreciation, financial assets, and income, along with being a "pre-boomer" or "early boomer." Older cohorts displayed larger wealth effects than younger ones, but their withdrawn equity was a smaller percentage of total net worth. A relatively small percentage of respondents' dollars was used for consumption, and most dollars were used for home improvement, other investment, or debt repayment. However, massive equity withdrawal and the subsequent collapse of housing prices have caused housing leverage to soar, putting some homeowners "underwater" and jeopardizing others' retirement preparedness. The ensuing housing finance crisis raises numerous policy issues, from reform of mortgage underwriting, securitization, servicing, and foreclosure procedures, to potential limitations on borrowing against unrealized housing equity gains, to enhanced government transfers for distressed older homeowners, to local and state revenue policy changes. PMID:22239279

Gist, John R; Figueiredo, Carlos; Verma, Satyendra K

2012-01-01

314

Home Sweet Home: Government‘s Role in Reaching the American Dream  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the role of government intervention in achieving the American dream of homeownership. The study analyzes the role of tax deductions in housing finance, including their impact on homeownership and housing consumption. The role of the Government Sponsored Enterprises in facilitating the creation of a secondary market for mortgage-backed securities is also analyzed as well as the role

Evridiki Tsounta

2011-01-01

315

Assessment of residents' satisfaction with public housing in Abuja, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The federal government of Nigeria developed large-scale public housing to provide living spaces for federal employees in the recently created capital, Abuja. The paper examines the resident satisfaction with public housing and the relationship of satisfaction with specific housing features to overall housing satisfaction. The sample of 1,089 households was randomly selected from residents in 19,863 public housing units in

Onyekwere M. Ukoha; Julia O. Beamish

1997-01-01

316

Taxation Reform and Income Distribution in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article contains an analysis of the effects of changes in the existing tax mix on the distribution of income in Australia. Shifts from direct to indirect taxes, similar to 'Option C' in the Government's Draft White Paper on tax reform, are considered. The general equilibrium effects of the policy changes are analysed using an extended version of the ORANI

G. A. Meagher; Nisha Agrawal

1986-01-01

317

Healthcare reform wars. Somebody could get hurt.  

PubMed

What's wrong with the current healthcare system, and who's to blame? How can government-run healthcare be avoided? Dr Moffit, from The Heritage Foundation in Washington, DC, analyzes the problems of the current system, explains the pitfalls of proposed reforms, and offers a solution for saving the traditional private practice system. PMID:7971618

Moffit, R E

1994-11-15

318

Inclusive Education Reform: Implications for Teacher Aides  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Queensland, inclusive education reform is on the political agenda, following the report of the Ministerial Taskforce on Inclusive Education (students with disabilities) in 2004. The Government's responses to the initiatives outlined in the taskforce report emphasise a commitment to social justice and equity so that all students can be included…

Bourke, Patricia; Carrington, Suzanne

2007-01-01

319

Comprehensive District Reform: Philadelphia's Grand Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes "Philadelphia's Grand Experiment" in comprehensive school district reform, from its conception through its initial months of implementation. In 2001, as part of the remedy for low student performance, the governor ordered the state to take over governance of the Philadelphia School District, with a substantial number of…

Useem, Elizabeth; Balfanz, Robert

2002-01-01

320

Policy and Workforce Reform in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Current workforce reform, known as Remodelling the School Workforce, is part of an enduring policy process where there have been tensions between public and private sector structures and cultures. I show that the New Right and New Labour governments who have built and configured site based performance management over the past quarter of a century…

Gunter, Helen M.

2008-01-01

321

School Governance and the Mediation of Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 1988 Education Reform Act radically transformed the local governance of education, according school governing bodies new delegated powers for budgets and staff as well as responsibility for the strategic direction of the school in a quasi market place of parental choice. To take up these new responsibilities the earlier Education Act 1986 had…

Ranson, Stewart

2011-01-01

322

A Governance Perspective on Development Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic growth and poverty reduction are difficult to achieve in the best of times. With decaying institutions and poor governance, these goals become an impossible dream. That is why the theme of this year’s annual meeting is “Governance, Institutional Reform, and Economic Growth”. I hope that the papers being presented and the discussions on or around this theme during these

Sarfraz Khan Qureshi

1999-01-01

323

Governance in Europe: what do citizens think?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Together with the major changes in the paradigms of administrative reforms in Western countries since the second half of the twentieth century, we are seeing today that countries are turning to a new concept of governance. Governments should be able to act as a network of interactions between public, private and civil sectors. In the European context this new paradigm

Inês Ferreira Carneiro

324

Place-Shaping by Local Government in Developing Countries: Lessons for the Developed World  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lyons Inquiry into local government in Britain represented a significant contribution to the debate on local government reform, with policy ramifications well beyond contemporary Britain. This article considers the Inquiry's concept of “place-shaping” as a mode of local government reform which captures the experience of a number of developing countries in recent years. By way of illustrative examples, we

Bligh Grant; Brian Dollery

2010-01-01

325

Global health justice and governance.  

PubMed

While there is a growing body of work on moral issues and global governance in the fields of global justice and international relations, little work has connected principles of global health justice with those of global health governance for a theory of global health. Such a theory would enable analysis and evaluation of the current global health system and would ethically and empirically ground proposals for reforming it to more closely align with moral values. Global health governance has been framed as an issue of national security, human security, human rights, and global public goods. The global health governance literature is essentially untethered to a theorized framework to illuminate or evaluate governance. This article ties global health justice and ethics to principles for governing the global health realm, developing a theoretical framework for global and domestic institutions and actors. PMID:23215931

Ruger, Jennifer Prah

2012-01-01

326

Housing and ethopolitics: constructing identities of active consumption and responsible community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in social housing policy, including large-scale stock transfers, have been proclaimed as marking ‘the death of council housing’ in the UK. The decline of public housing and new techniques for the governance of social housing provision are symbolic of the transformation of welfarist social regimes in advanced liberal democracies. This paper explores recent social housing policy in the

John Flint

2003-01-01

327

Estimation of Housing Prices by Fuzzy Regression and Artificial Neural Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in housing prices concern both individuals and government since they have substantial influence on the socio-economic conditions. Valuations of housing are necessary in order to assess the benefit and liabilities in housing section. The housing price in Iran is based on eight economic indices. The study of trends in housing price has been made by considering the related seasonal

Reza Ghodsi; Abtin Boostani; Farshid Faghihi

2010-01-01

328

Private sector criteria and the radical change in provision of social housing in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1988 Housing Act signalled substantial changes in the provision of social housing in England. The act places housing associations at the centre of social housing provision. Moreover, their role as the main providers of social housing depends, in line with government intentions, on the greater use of private finance, as the proportion of public sector funds declines. The introduction

M Pryke; C Whitehead

1995-01-01

329

7 CFR 1955.113 - Price (housing).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Government's investment or market value, less administrative price reductions, if any. Market value for multi-family housing projects will be...reductions in price for multiple-family property if the inventory value at the time of...

2013-01-01

330

Housing Systems Proposals for Operation Breakthrough.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This compilation of housing systems proposals presents the technical descriptions of proposals submitted in response to a request for proposals by Operation Breakthrough. The program was initiated with invitations to local governments and private citizens...

1970-01-01

331

39 CFR 259.1 - Government.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the overall costs to Government will be reduced...Federal as well as State governments. In establishing...perform services for Government agencies is announced...accommodate such requests in a timely manner. (iv) Housing...survey results except in response to a court order,...

2013-07-01

332

On the Reform of Health Care Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

I stated at the Jinan Conference that so far we cannot claim that health care reform has been successful; the negative consequences which it has caused have outweighed the positive consequences that it has brought about. As early as two years ago at a meeting to summarize the experiences and lessons of SARS prevention and control, health care reform was

Ren-Zong Qiu

333

Managing Cumulative Impacts: Groundwater Reform in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cumulative impacts of incremental development present governments all over the world with major difficulties. Well-intended\\u000a strategic approaches often fail, in whole or in part. In Australia, a joint Federal\\/State agreement in 1992 initiated reforms\\u000a of State environmental legislation and policy, which led to the Council of Australian Governments Water Reform Framework 1994—an agreement to introduce comprehensive water reforms targeted

Charles Jonathan Nevill

2009-01-01

334

Rearranging the Deck Chairs on the Titanic. Why Does Acquisition Reform Never Work.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Weapons Systems Acquisition Reform Act of 2009 (WSARA) makes some significant changes to the defense acquisition system. However, a House Armed Services Committee press release that accompanied signing of the legislation acknowledged that the bill cov...

T. H. Miller

2010-01-01

335

Educational Reform in Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the Spanish educational system, focusing on reforms enacted in 1990. Discusses reform movement issues, including quality, curricular control, curricular homogeneity versus diversity, and influence of European context. Describes reform movement aims (i.e., extending basic education and modifying educational levels to improve quality) and…

Marchesi, Alvaro

1992-01-01

336

Anchors for Education Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Education reforms, considering their significance, deserve better methods than mere "trial and error." This article conceptualizes a network of six anchors for education reforms: education policy, education system, curriculum, pedagogy, assessment, and teacher education. It establishes the futility to reform anchors in isolation and anticipates…

Alok, Kumar

2012-01-01

337

History and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Features comments from Robert L. Hampel, William R. Johnson, Diane Ravitch, and David N. Plank on David Tyack and Larry Cuban's book, "Tinkering toward Utopia: A Century of Public School Reform." The book argues that educational reformers in the 20th century have attempted large-scale systemic reforms instituted from the top down. (MJP)

Hampel, Robert L.; And Others

1996-01-01

338

Reform Disconnection in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines many of the frustrations associated with implementing education reforms in mainland Chinese schools. Our basic argument is that when taken individually, many of the recent reforms are beneficial, but when parceled together and thrust hastily at schools, they are unwieldy and disconnected. We suggest that the inability of the reforms to impact schools is due in large

Allan Walker; Haiyan Qian

2012-01-01

339

EVALUATING MEDICAL MALPRACTICE REFORMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Which of the tort reforms enacted during the mid-1970s to alleviate the medical malpractice litigation crisis have succeeded? Under some circumstances, the frequency and disposition of claims may indicate how reforms affected key policy variables such as the number of injuries and costs of litigation. But potential pitfalls exist in using claims data to evaluate tort reforms. In this paper,

JAMES W. HUGHES; EDWARD A. SNYDER

1989-01-01

340

Health Reform and the Obama Administration: Reflections in Mid-2010  

PubMed Central

The reforms that finally emerged from the Obama administration's initiative were the result of a year of nasty, demagogic and misleading claims in the US public forum, coupled with the complexities of crafting legislation that stood a chance of passing both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The resulting “hybrid” approach to healthcare reform produced a conservative strategy that ignores the experience of other wealthy democracies. More significantly, its long period of implementation, given a possible change of administration in 2012, increases uncertainty regarding whether and how reforms will be rolled out by 2014 and after.

Marmor, Theodore R.

2010-01-01

341

Housing Policies in China: Issues and Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article consists in three parts. The first part deals with theory. We evaluate the pros and cons of government involvement in urban housing and of renting versus ownership. In the second part, we summarize the different housing policies that have been implemented in the United States, Europe, and Asia. We draw some conclusions. In particular, we show that there

Yves Zenou

2010-01-01

342

Housing Policies in China: Issues and Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article consists in three parts. The first part deals with theory. We evaluate the pros and cons of government involvement in urban housing and of renting versus ownership. In the second part, we summarize the different housing policies that have been implemented in the United States, Europe, and Asia. We draw some conclusions. In particular, we show that there

Yves Zenou

2011-01-01

343

Radon entry control in new house construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

People exposed to high concentration levels of radon face an increased risk of developing lung cancer. The risk is directly proportional to the length and level of radon exposure. Because of health reasons, it is safer to build new houses with radon mitigation systems installed in slab-on-grade houses. However, the interrelationships between parameters and factors governing radon entry and control

Fazil T. Najafi; Lalit Lalwani; Win G. Li

1995-01-01

344

Energy Cost Control in Nonprofit Multifamily Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

During 1981, Berkeley Planning Associates designed and field-tested a model for comprehensive energy management in nonprofit student, elderly, and government- assisted multifamily housing. The model was tested with the University Students' Cooperative Association of Berkeley, California, the largest nonprofit student housing cooperative in North America. The program included extensive energy auditing and past consumption data analyses, conservation workshops and seminars

Kenneth S. Egel

1982-01-01

345

The Keys to the White House  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Keys to the White House is a historically-based system for predicting the result of the popular vote in American presidential elections. The Keys system tracks the big picture of how well the party holding the White House has governed and does not shift with events of the campaign. This model gives specificity to the idea that it is…

Lichtman, Allan J.

2012-01-01

346

Anabolic Steroid Use: Federal Efforts to Prevent and Reduce Anabolic Steroid Abuse among Teenagers. Report to the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-08-15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The abuse of anabolic steroids by teenagers--that is, their use without a prescription--is a health concern. Anabolic steroids are synthetic forms of the hormone testosterone that can be taken orally, injected, or rubbed on the skin. Although a 2006 survey funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) found that less than 3 percent of 12th…

Government Accountability Office, 2007

2007-01-01

347

The National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session (October 14, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing focuses on reviewing the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Discussion focuses on the role of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) in the media campaign, the research base of the campaign, an overview of the integrated campaign, the results attained to date by the campaign, and the contributions of ONDCPs principal…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

348

The National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session (October 14, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This hearing focuses on reviewing the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Discussion focuses on the role of the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) in the media campaign, the research base of the campaign, an overview of the integrated campaign, the results attained to date by the campaign, and the contributions of ONDCPs…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

349

District of Columbia Public Schools: Student Enrollment Count Remains Vulnerable to Errors. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on the District of Columbia, Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) is one of the largest public school districts in the United States. Since 1989-90, there have been questions about several aspects of DCPS's enrollment-count process. A valid enrollment-count process and an accurate count are critical to DCPS's district- and school-level planning, staffing, funding,…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.

350

Underage Drinking: Information on Federal Funds Targeted at Prevention. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources, House Committee on Government Reform, and to Representative John L. Mica.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document describes a project undertaken to identify the nature and extent of Federal efforts related to the prevention of underage drinking to assist Congress in its deliberations on whether additional attention to alcohol use is needed. The report specifically aims to identify the amount of appropriated fiscal year 2000 Federal funds that…

Stana, Richard M.

351

D.C. Public School 1997 Repair Program and Facilities Master Plan. Hearing before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives. One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Congressional hearing dealt with issues related to the repair program and facilities master plan of the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS). Opening remarks by Representative Thomas M. Davis outlined his concern over the delayed opening of the DCPS in the fall of 1997 because of uncompleted roof repairs, and the results from a…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

352

Job Training that Works. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports the oral and written testimony submitted at a Congressional hearing on how job training works--how effective employment training programs succeed and how that success is measured. The hearing was based on a General Accounting Office study that found four hallmarks of effective job training: individual commitment, removal of…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

353

Effectiveness of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (July 11, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This hearing focuses on the evaluation of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Specifically, the subcommittee was interested in measuring whether significant taxpayer investment has been effective in accomplishing the objectives of the campaign-- reaching the target audience, changing young peoples attitudes about drugs, encouraging…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

354

Early Head Start: Goals and Challenges. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session (February 19, 1998).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing contains testimony on the Early Head Start program. Testimony was provided by: (1) a director of a state Head Start Association; (2) directors of Head Start programs; (3) a Head Start parent; (4) Olivia A. Golden, Assistant Secretary, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; (5) a state…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

355

Oversight on the Academic Plan for the District of Columbia Public Schools. Hearing before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives. One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationships between improvements to facilities and accurate enrollment counts and an academic plan for the District of Columbia public schools were explored in a hearing that was part of a series on the D.C. public schools. Representative Thomas Davis (Virginia) spoke of the progress being made in improving the D.C. schools and the great…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

356

Jane Addams Hull House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Windy CityâÂÂs West Side, the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum serves as "a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams." Addams was the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and she worked to transform the lives of immigrants and others through her social service work. Visitors to the site can look through four primary areas: Home, Learn, Program & Events, and Museum. These formal areas contain key materials about the House's activities, and visitors should also look through over areas like Stories as Resistance, How Do We Build Peace and Create More Justice in Chicago?, and Chicago Amplified. One key area is Immigrant City-Chicago, which brings together 94 works that respond to the topic of immigration. Visitors can view poems and works of art around themes such as Our Home and Solidarity. Additionally, the site also contains the Women's History Bus Tour, which is a pdf guidebook that focuses on "women's imprint on the social fabric and life found on the Near West Side and in Pilsen."

357

Root Causes of the Housing Bubble  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter we investigate root causes of the recent US housing bubble which has been caused a serious downturn in US economic growth since autumn of 2008. We propose a simple model of housing markets in order to indicate the possible determinants of recent housing prices. Utilizing the model, we verify a number of hypotheses which have been proposed in the recent literature on the housing bubbles. We suggest that the main causes of the housing bubble from 2000 to 2006 are (1) non-elastic housing supply in the metropolitan areas, and (2) declines in the mortgage loan rate and the housing premium by the massive mortgage credit expansion. We also suggest that these factors were strongly influenced by policies that governments and the Federal Reserve Board performed.

Kaizoji, Taisei

358

78 FR 56127 - Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Department of Housing and Urban...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 5 CFR Part 7501 [Docket No...the Department of Housing and Urban Development; Correction to Standards Governing...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 7th Street SW.,...

2013-09-12

359

Open House  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the US housing market collapsed in 2008, so did the dreams of many middle- and lower-class Americans. Florida, California, Nevada, and Arizona were hit particularly hard, and not by a force of nature, but by the abstract and invisible hand of the market. Prior to the collapse, the movement of global capital seemed like a distant reality to most

Jack Stenner; Patrick LeMieux

2011-01-01

360

House trap  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preferred mode of living in the U.S. is the single-family home. With energy no longer cheap and abundant, many are discovering themselves hostage to a dwelling they find difficult to afford. Housing's share of the family budget rose from 27% in 1950 to 31% in 1973. Rapid increases in the price of fuel oil No. 2, natural gas, and

C. Meeks; E. Ouderkerk

2009-01-01

361

Housing Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

Schmalz, Georgann

1985-01-01

362

House Arrest  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overcrowded correctional systems transfer thousands of prison inmates to community-based correctional programs - some to residential centers and most others to nonresidential programs. This study compared 63 community treatment center residents with 156 house arrestees in tems of their characteristics and their rates of success\\/failure both during the program and for one year after release from the program. The

Harjit S. Sandhu; Richard A Dodder; Minu Mathur

1993-01-01

363

The Reform Agenda for Madrasah Education in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As governments in many countries review their education systems to optimise their human capital in an age of globalisation, religious schools such as madrasahs (Islamic or Muslim schools) have also come under state scrutiny. This article examines the Singapore government's reform agenda for madrasah education in the country. It argues that the…

Tan, Charlene

2009-01-01

364

U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

365

U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

Zehr, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

366

Change without Reform? Community Forestry in Decentralizing Indonesia1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1999 decentralization law in Indonesia has created a great influence on legal and governance reforms. Nevertheless, it has received the fair share of criticism and praise. Decentralization has created broader authorities for local governments; but it is used for stimulating rent-seeking behaviour of local bureaucrats and politicians, not resource sustainability, better livelihood for local communities, and clarifying people's rights

Myrna A. Safitri

367

Devolution and Welfare Reform: Re-Evaluating "Success"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The passage of welfare reform shifted significant authority for welfare provision from the federal government to state and local governments. Proponents of devolution point to drastic caseload declines as evidence that state-run programs are decreasing dependency among families. However, welfare rolls in many states have remained stagnant or…

Sheely, Amanda

2012-01-01

368

The Transformation, Reform, and Prospect of Distance Education in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taiwanese government has emphasized education reform in the past few decades and has focused particularly on distance education. Several legislative initiatives involving distance education have recently implemented new policies governing distance education. These new policies are in opposition to the results of research accomplished in foreign countries regarding distance education and underscore an urgent need to examine the feelings and

Chih-Hsiung Tu; Hui-Ling Twu

369

The Relationship Between Homeowner Age and House Price Appreciation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the empirical question: Do the houses of elderly homeowners appreciate at the same rate as the average house in their local market? As the population ages and retirees plan their financial future, owners need to project accurately the value of their single largest asset, their house. The federal government is also concerned about the financial welfare

2005-01-01

370

Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Housing in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Access to adequate housing is a strong indicator of inequality between whites and minority groups. Although the government has played an important role in the provision of housing for minorities through Federal Housing Acts, the recent trend is toward continuing discrimination in home rental and ownership. This book contains the following 11…

Momeni, Jamshid A., Ed.

371

Environmental policies and efforts in social housing: the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although progressive government guidelines and awareness of sustainable issues exists, progress in sustainable management in the social housing sector has been slow. A market research survey and analysis of the sustainable housing management by Dutch housing associations indicates the areas and organizations where policies, instruments and practices are focussed or lacking. Longitudinal trends are established using further surveys from 1993,

Minna Sunikka; Claudia Boon

2003-01-01

372

Kids and Cafeterias: How Safe are Federal School Lunches? Joint Hearing before the Committee of Government Management, Restructuring, and the District of Columbia Subcommittee of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate and the Subcommittee on Government Efficiency, Financial Management, and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Noting the significant increase since 1990 in food-borne illnesses affecting school children, these hearings transcripts provide testimony on the safety of federal school lunches. Statements by Senator Richard Durbin and Representatives Stephen Horn, Janice Schakowsky, and Carolyn Maloney emphasized the array of federal agencies with various food…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.

373

Poverty, Housing Deprivation and Housing Assistance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines three aspects of the relationship between the permanence of poverty and the housing situation of poor households: whether permanent poverty is a good predictor of housing deprivation; the relation between permanency of housing deprivat...

S. Newman R. Struyk D. Manson

1982-01-01

374

Evolution of corporate governance in Russia: government policy vs. real incentives of economic agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is devoted to analysing the evolution of corporate governance mechanisms in Russia. Special attention is paid to the causes of dramatic discrepancies between the expected outputs of institutional reforms implemented by the Russian government with World Bank and IMF support and the actual behaviour of Russian companies. Why was the model of interaction between enterprises and investors, owners

Andrei Yakovlev

2004-01-01

375

Neighborhood Governance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Governance refers to a process of exercising power and authority over the inhabitants of a territory. Governance can be expressed through voting and political parties. It can be exercised as well through interest groups, especially through neighborhood or...

H. W. Hallman

1982-01-01

376

The macroeconomics of pension reform: The case of severance pay reform in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last two decades Italy implemented a number of reforms of the public pay-as-you-go (PAYG) scheme that curtailed future pensions. Governments therefore felt the need to increase the number of workers contributing to fully funded (FF) schemes to offset the expected fall in public pensions. In the private sector an existing saving fund, the severance pay scheme (Trattamento di

Sergio Cesaratto

2011-01-01

377

Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

378

Contextualizing state housing programs in Latin America: evidence from leading housing agencies in Brazil, Ecuador, and Jamaica  

Microsoft Academic Search

The policy literature offers many valid criticisms of government housing programs, but does not adequately trace housing-agency failures to their causes in the broader political and economic contexts of peripheral capitalist countries. The literature especially lacks an understanding of the role of interests within the state which benefit from housing programs in their current distorted form. In response to these

T Kiak

1993-01-01

379

A Normative Analysis of Housing-Related Tax Policy in a General Equilibrium Model of Housing Quality and Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We evaluate an array of housing-related tax policies in a general equilibrium model with endogenous housing quality and prices. The local government facilitates the provision of local public amenities, financed by an array of housing-related taxes, including a developer gross revenue tax, a property tax, a land tax, and a development license fee. In a competitive spatial equilibrium, all households

SHIN-KUN PENG; PING WANG

2009-01-01

380

Corporate Governance and the Challenges of Economic Transition: The Case of Shanghai Petrochemical Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case study of Shanghai Petrochemical Company (SPC) is used to analyse how economic reforms in China have impacted on corporate governance and enterprise performance. Reforms have increased the level of competition and altered the corporate structure of large state enterprises such as SPC. The case examines how SPC had responded to the opportunities and challenges created by the reform

Damian Tobin

2005-01-01

381

Risk governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term ‘governance’ has been used in political science to describe the multitude of actors and processes that lead to collective binding decisions. The term ‘risk governance’ involves the translation of the substance and core principles of governance to the context of risk?related decision?making. Does it involve a major change on how risks are conceptualized, managed, and communicated, or it

Marjolein B. A. van Asselt; Ortwin Renn

2011-01-01

382

Understanding reform. The Uruguayan case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the structural reform process that has been taking place in Uruguay since the return to democracy in 1985. Three main questions oriented the research: why reform? what kind of reform? and, how well did the reform perform? The main focus is on the pro-market reforms as they have been summarized in the so-called Washington Consensus, but the

Alvaro Forteza; Daniel Buquet; Mario Ibarburu; Jorge Lanzaro; Andrés Pereyra; Eduardo Siandra; Marcel Vaillant

2003-01-01

383

Electricity reform and sustainable development in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reducing the environmental impact of supplying electricity is a key to China's sustainable development, and a focus of both domestic and international concerns with greenhouse gas emissions. The environmental performance of the electricity sector is strongly affected by its institutional arrangements: regulatory frameworks, wholesale markets, pricing mechanisms, planning and coordination, and enforcement and incentive mechanisms. These arrangements are set to change as electricity reforms inaugurated in 2002, but sidetracked by several years of supply shortages, are being resumed. In this paper we examine the impact of electricity reform on environmental sustainability by analyzing case studies of four environmental initiatives in the electricity sector: retirement of inefficient generators, installation of pollution control equipment, renewable energy development, and efforts to promote energy efficiency. We find that implementation of these policies falls short of objectives for two main underlying reasons: conflicting priorities between central and provincial governments, and ineffective regulation. Sustainability will be best served not by redoubling short-term supply-oriented, market-based reforms, but by better aligning central and provincial government incentives, and by developing competent, independent regulation at the provincial level. China's central government and sub-national governments in industrialized countries can both contribute to the latter goal.

Williams, James H.; Kahrl, Fredrich

2008-10-01

384

University Governance in Denmark: From Democracy to Accountability?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the findings of a Danish research council-funded project aimed at exploring a comprehensive package of management reforms in higher education instituted in Denmark since 2003. The reforms attempt to change not only the way institutions are governed but the very notion of democracy and engagement in higher education. In short,…

Carney, Stephen

2006-01-01

385

Reforming and isomerization process  

SciTech Connect

A reformate lean oil absorber is used in the downstream processing facilities of a reformer unit to remove isobutane and heavier components from a separator overhead vapor, part of which is reformer recycle gas. Stabilized reformate may be employed as lean oil in the absorber, and the fat oil is recycled to the stabilizer for recovery of isobutane and normal butane as overhead product and C/sub 5//sup +/ liquid as bottoms product. The mixed butanes are separated, and the isobutane employed as alkylation feedstock. The n-butane is recycled with the naphtha to the reformer unit, the absence of butanes in the recycle gas considerably enhancing the amount of isobutane produced in the reforming unit.

Swart, G.S.; O'Connor, R.P.

1984-02-21

386

The Quandaries of Shelter Reform: An Appraisal of Efforts to \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I describe efforts to manage the capacity of homeless shelter programs in Philadelphia and assess the impact of those efforts on providers and consumers of homeless services. Most reforms have focused on reducing the capacity of the shelter system by reducing the average length of stay of persons in shelter and by providing housing relocation assistance. However,

Dennis P. Culhane

1992-01-01

387

Professional Development of Middle Level Principals: Pushing the Reform Forward.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Study of middle-school principal professional development content, place, and optimal learning strategies for school reform. Finds, for example, that principals want to learn how to nurture collegial and collaborative learning environments. Also finds that principals want more in-house training and that they learn best, for example, through…

Brown, Kathleen M.; Anfara, Vincent A.; Hartman, Kimberly J.; Mahar, Robert J.; Mills, Rebecca

2002-01-01

388

Moving to a Territorial System and Reforming the Corporate Tax  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the Volcker task force evaluates base-broadening ideas, some important and meritorious reforms are unfortunately off the table. One example would be (after the housing market workout has eased) replacing the home mortgage interest deduc- tion with a smaller, capped subsidy for homeownership that is unrelated to homeowner debt and takes the form of a refundable credit. Surely we've learned

Daniel N. Shaviro

2009-01-01

389

75 FR 76744 - National Disaster Housing Task Force Concept of Operations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA...Disaster Housing Strategy (Strategy). DATES...FEMA create the Strategy in the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006...109-295. The Strategy, published in...

2010-12-09

390

76 FR 31300 - Government in the Sunshine Act Meeting Notice  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a resolution to award and present David Burke Distinguished Journalism Awards, and receive and consider a report from the Governance Committee regarding reforming the Agency's management structure. Board members will also report on the state of...

2011-05-31

391

The Working Out of Modernization in the Public Sector: The Case of an E-government Initiative in Greece  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has become common place for governments to initiate electronic-government projects in order to reform public administration. This paper seeks to explore the ways in which an e-government project, as a potential mode of reformation, is established and made to work, and then, further, to account for some of its consequences for conventional public administration. To do so we draw

Lucas Introna; Niall Hayes; Dimitra Petrakaki

2009-01-01

392

The Impact of Direct Public Funding for Private Developers on Non-Profit Housing Networks in England: Exploring a Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reforms to the funding of new social housing in England in 2004 enabled private sector firms to compete with existing non-profit providers for grant. These reforms are at an early stage, but already around 4 per cent of new social housing is being constructed through direct funding of private developers. Expectations of increased efficiency were partially confirmed by the competitive

David Mullins; Bruce Walker

2009-01-01

393

Local house price developments and housing supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In this paper, we identify the relationship between (local) housing supply and (local) house price developments, especially in The Netherlands. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – We measure the influence of new building on house prices by comparing areas designated for concentrated new building (main Dutch cities) with areas where no large housing projects are developed. On the basis of classical economic

Paul De Vries; Peter Boelhouwer

2005-01-01

394

Spatial Dependence, Housing Submarkets, and House Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the impacts of alternative models of spatial dependence on the accuracy of house price predictions in a mass appraisal context. Explicit modeling of spatial dependence is characterized as a more fluid approach to defining housing submarkets. This approach allows the relevant “submarket” to vary from house to house and for transactions involving other dwellings in each submarket

Steven C. Bourassa; Eva Cantoni; Martin Hoesli

2005-01-01

395

The impact of social housing on the labour market status of the disabled.  

PubMed

Disability may impact on employment through entitlement to social housing. Estimates of an original dynamic panel data model of disability, labour market and housing tenure transitions in England indicate that up to one-quarter of the lower employment probability of the disabled can be attributed to the effect of qualifying for social housing. Short-lived disabilities can result in long spells in social housing that reduce incentives to participate in the labour market. This suggests that authorities should reform the welfare system and the allocation of social housing to limit the persistent and unfavourable consequences of allocating social housing to the disabled. PMID:23813726

Gregoir, Stéphane; Maury, Tristan-Pierre

2013-06-28

396

Reform in Secondary Education: The Continuing Efforts to Reform Secondary Education, and a Modest Proposal. Curriculum Bulletin Vol. XXXII, No. 340.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author begins by examining the functions of the school and the basic principles governing the provision of education in the American democracy as a way of providing a framework for analyzing proposals for the reform of secondary education. He then examines proposals for reform. His major focus is on ten proposals made by agencies,…

Saylor, Galen

397

The Rhetoric of a Reform: The Construction of "Public", "Management" and the "New" in Norwegian Education Reforms of the 1990s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a critical rhetorical analysis of the governing and reform ideology of the Norwegian school system of the 1990s. It uses Karl Popper's "The Open Society and its Enemies" as a critical resource in the reading of the reforms, and discusses some of the consequences of the regime's models of leadership and public management for…

Trippestad, Tom Are

2011-01-01

398

The Rhetoric of a Reform: The Construction of "Public", "Management" and the "New" in Norwegian Education Reforms of the 1990s  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a critical rhetorical analysis of the governing and reform ideology of the Norwegian school system of the 1990s. It uses Karl Popper's "The Open Society and its Enemies" as a critical resource in the reading of the reforms, and discusses some of the consequences of the regime's models of leadership and public management for…

Trippestad, Tom Are

2011-01-01

399

H. R. 1098: A Bill to establish a wholly-owned Government corporation to manage the Nation's uranium enrichment enterprise. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundredth First Congress, First Session, February 23, 1989  

SciTech Connect

H.R. 1098 is a bill to establish a wholly-owned Government corporation to manage the Nation's uranium enrichment enterprise, operating as a continuing commercial enterprise on a profitable and efficient basis, and for other purposes.

Not Available

1989-01-01

400

The Change of Corporate Governance Structure in the United States and Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis is discussed corporate governance issues in different legal schemes, mainly about the latest legal reforms in the United States, and Taiwan. And it is also talked about what kinds of impacts of the latest legal reforms of corporate governance in the United States on the foreign private issuers listed their securities in the NYSE or Nasdaq. Different corporate

Yifan Tseng

2004-01-01

401

Reform Disconnection in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines many of the frustrations associated with implementing education reforms in mainland Chinese schools. Our basic argument is that when taken individually, many of the recent reforms are beneficial, but when parceled together and thrust hastily at schools, they are unwieldy and disconnected. We suggest that the inability of the…

Walker, Allan; Qian, Haiyan

2012-01-01

402

Reforms as experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contends that programs of social reform are not effectively assessed. This article is a preliminary effort in examining the sources of this condition and designing ways of overcoming the difficulties. The political setting of program evaluation is also considered. It is concluded that trapped and experimental administrators are not threatened by a hard-headed analysis of the reform. For such, proper

Donald T. Campbell

1969-01-01

403

Reform and Economic Man  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's reform and opening up begins to enter its eighteenth year. Accompanying tremendous achievements in economic construction in these eighteen years, there have also been unprecedentedly complicated contradictions in society's economic life. Reform had its incubation in controversy, and although the principle of \\

Xin Mao

1999-01-01

404

Reform Disconnection in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines many of the frustrations associated with implementing education reforms in mainland Chinese schools. Our basic argument is that when taken individually, many of the recent reforms are beneficial, but when parceled together and thrust hastily at schools, they are unwieldy and disconnected. We suggest that the inability of the…

Walker, Allan; Qian, Haiyan

2012-01-01

405

Agrarian Reforms in Turkmenistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Turkmenistan has implemented significant reforms in agriculture, increasing the size of the household plot sector, enabling the emergence of independent private farms, and most importantly individualizing to a certain extent the production arrangements in former collective farms through the introduction of leasehold contracts. Yet the policies underlying these reforms are not entirely consistent: state orders are retained for the main

Zvi Lerman; Ivan Stanchin

406

Smallholder Livelihood Adaptation in the Context of Neoliberal Policy Reforms: A Case of Maize Farmers in Southern Veracruz, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments around the world have embraced trade liberalisation as a means of enhancing efficiency to realise economic growth and alleviate poverty. Likewise, the Mexican government implemented neoliberal policy reforms, the NAFTA in particular, to stimulate sustainable development. Using the Mexican maize sector as illustration, this article describes the adaptation process of smallholders to market changes shaped by these reforms. Going

Sytske F. Groenewald; Marrit M. Van Den Berg

2012-01-01

407

Michel Health Care Reform Plan HR3080: Sec. 1. 103d Congress, 1st Session - H. R. 3080.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The online file contains the text of the Michel Health Care Reform Plan HR3080, whose objective is to improve access to health insurance and contain health care costs. It was introduced in the House of Representatives.

1993-01-01

408

Housing and labor market distortions in Poland : linkages and policy implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poland's housing and macroeconomic policies have restricted investments in housing and urban infrastructure to a level well below that of other European countries. This has resulted in a shortage of housing typified by 15 to 20 year waits for government sponsored housing. Shortages of this magnitude are likely to cause distortions with impacts on patterns of savings and consumption, the

Stephen K. Mayo; James I. Stein

1988-01-01

409

Remaking Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Policy Governance model's philosophical foundations lie in Rousseau's social contract, Greenleaf's servant-leadership, and modern management theory. Policy Governance stresses primacy of the owner-representative role; full-board authority; superintendents as chief executive officers; authoritative prescription of "ends," bounded freedom for…

Carver, John

2000-01-01

410

Preventing Federal Government Abuse of Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Investigations by the Union of Concerned Scientists and the mainstream media provide evidence of widespread and serious political interference in federal government science. To restore scientific integrity to the policy making process, the United States must adopt reforms that adequately protect government scientists, provide better scientific advice to Congress, strengthen the Office of Science and Technology Policy, ensure the independence of scientific advisory committees, and effectively insulate government science from politics. Methods for accomplishing these goals include ensuring that the next president is committed to respecting the scientific process and pressing Congress to exercise its oversight responsibilities. Creating meaningful reform will require the persistent and energetic engagement of the scientific community—in universities, laboratories, government agencies, and private companies. Individual scientists and scientific institutions have the opportunity to monitor the way science informs policy making and to act to defend the integrity of science.

Grifo, F. T.

2006-12-01

411

Big bang health care reform--does it work?: the case of Britain's 1991 National Health Service reforms.  

PubMed

The costs and benefits are examined of one of the very few examples of a government driving through health care reform in the face of near unanimous opposition: Britain's 1991 reforms of the National Health Service (NHS), which sought to inject the dynamics of a market into the framework of a universal, tax-financed service. The political costs to the government have been high. The public continues to see the NHS through the eyes of disgruntled doctors and nurses. The benefits, measured in efficiency gains or service improvements, are as yet difficult to establish. However, the NHS has changed in key respects. The balance has shifted from hospital specialists to general practitioners and from providers to purchasers, with increasing emphasis on professional accountability and consumerism. But the NHS continues to evolve as it strives to resolve the tensions implicit in the reforms, and the only certainty is that no future government can return to the pre-1991 situation. PMID:7659043

Klein, R

1995-01-01

412

Faculty Housing Assistance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some of the creative financing programs currently used to provide faculty housing assistance in California and elsewhere in the United States are described. Generally, the programs fall into one of four categories: rental housing, owner housing, mortgage assistance, and housing stipends. Institutions with a comprehensive housing program often…

Fink, Ira

1982-01-01

413

Fair Housing and Latinos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Latinos need the protection of the proposed Fair Housing Amendments of 1987 and the active support of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to overcome housing discrimination. Latinos are both disproportionately poor and inadequately housed, but low income alone cannot fully explain the poor housing conditions under which many…

Cubillos, Herminia L.

414

Housing, Design, and Furnishings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains teacher's materials for a six-unit secondary education vocational home economics course on housing, design, and furnishings. The units cover: (1) the societal aspects of housing (including the relationship between housing and the economy, population trends, and culture-related housing characteristics); (2) family housing

Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

415

Happy Birthday White House!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An integrated elementary teaching package offers interesting facts about presidents and the White House. Cross-curricular activities focus on architecture, presidential birthplaces, portraits, communications, science, technology, touring the White House, children in the White House, a day in the life of the White House, and a White House birthday…

Dillon, Doris; And Others

1992-01-01

416

Health care reform and federalism.  

PubMed

Health policy debates are replete with discussions of federalism, most often when advocates of reform put their hopes in states. But health policy literature is remarkably silent on the question of allocation of authority, rarely asking which levels of government ought to lead. We draw on the larger literatures about federalism, found mostly in political science and law, to develop a set of criteria for allocating health policy authority between states and the federal government. They are social justice, procedural democracy, compatibility with value pluralism, institutional capability, and economic sustainability. Of them, only procedural democracy and compatibility with value pluralism point to state leadership. In examining these criteria, we conclude that American policy debates often get federalism backward, putting the burden of health care coverage policy on states that cannot enact or sustain it, while increasing the federal role in issues where the arguments for state leadership are compelling. We suggest that the federal government should lead present and future financing of health care coverage, since it would require major changes in American intergovernmental relations to make innovative state health care financing sustainable outside a strong federal framework. PMID:20388867

Greer, Scott L; Jacobson, Peter D

2010-04-01

417

Superinsulated houses  

SciTech Connect

Superinsulation is a direct response to the fast-rising cost of home heating. Of the many kinds of responses, superinsulation is proving to be the simplest and most cost-effective. Until the oil embargo of 1973 there was little interest in saving heat. When the oil shortage arrived and fuel costs doubled and redoubled, many architects responded, at first, by invoking solar energy. They examined the designs of existing solar-heated houses and proposed a great variety of new designs, most of which appeared - to the uninitiated - to have great promise. Most of the early designs were of the active type; some were of the passive type; a few were of the hybrid design.

Shurcliff, W.A.

1986-01-01

418

Land Tenure, Agrarian Structure, and Comparative Land Use Efficiency in Zimbabwe: Options for Land Tenure Reform and Land Redistribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zimbabwe reached a crucial crossroads in its land reform with the expiration of the Lancaster House Constitution in April 1990, which opened the door for policy debate on alternative land-redistribution options. Proponents of the land reform have aggressively called for an expansion of the resettlement program to help redress the unequal distribution of land resources and to rectify acute land

Michael J. Roth; John W. Bruce

1994-01-01

419

Children’s Coverage and Eligibility for Medicaid and CHIP: Relevant Statistics from the 2010 Health Care Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much attention regarding health reform proposals has focused on coverage for adults and insurance exchanges – reform bills from both the House and the Senate contain changes that are relevant to low income children and their families. The proposals include changing Medicaid income eligibility thresholds to 133 or 150 percent of family poverty level (FPL). For states with programs

Julie Hudson; Jessica Banthin; Thomas Selden; Salam Abdus

2010-01-01

420

Renewing governance.  

PubMed

Globalization's profound influence on social and political institutions need not be negative. Critics of globalization have often referred to the "Impossible Trinity" because decision-making must 1. respect national sovereignty, 2. develop and implement firm regulation, and 3. allow capital markets to be as free as possible. To many, such goals are mutually exclusive because history conditions us to view policy-making and governance in traditional molds. Thus, transnational governance merely appears impossible because current forms of governance were not designed to provide it. The world needs new tools for governing, and its citizens must seize the opportunity to help develop them. The rise of a global society requires a greater level of generality and inclusion than is found in most policy bodies today. Politicians need to re-examine key assumptions about government. States must develop ways to discharge their regulatory responsibilities across borders and collaborate with neighboring jurisdictions, multilateral bodies, and business. Concepts such as multilateralism and tripartism show great promise. Governments must engage civil society in the spirit of shared responsibility and democratic decision-making. Such changes will result in a renewal of the state's purpose and better use of international resources and expertise in governance. PMID:17208717

Loos, Gregory P

2003-01-01

421

75 FR 5620 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Public Housing Contracting With...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PHAs can enhance the economic opportunities of public housing residents by allowing for an alternative...Agency Form Numbers: None. Members of Affected Public: State or Local Government; Public Housing Agencies (PHAs), Individuals or...

2010-02-03

422

Automobile fuel economy: EPA oversight. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, second session January 29 and February 1, 1980  

SciTech Connect

Oversight hearings held January 29 and February 1, 1980 explored a lag in industry and government efforts for automobile fuel economy when there is evidence that the public is serious about driving less and buying efficient vehicles. At issue is the poor record of the Government's fuel-efficiency testing program and the discrepancy between advertised and actual mileage. Witnesses examine whether poor legislation or poor performance by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is at fault. Witnesses included representatives from EPA and the automobile industry. Their testimony and supporting documents are reprinted. (DCK)

Not Available

1980-01-01

423

Atuarfitsialak: Greenland's Cultural Compatible Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2002, Greenlandic reform leaders launched a comprehensive, nation-wide reform to create culturally compatible education. Greenland's reform work spans the entire educational system and includes preschool through higher education. To assist their efforts, reform leaders adopted the Standards for Effective Pedagogy developed at the Center for…

Wyatt, Tasha R.

2012-01-01

424

Education Reforms: Lessons from History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy makers in education have long embraced reform. Unfortunately, education reforms have consistently been plagued by the reformers' lack of knowledge and appreciation of the history of education. Accordingly, the latest reform, touted as a panacea, meets with failure, and the search for the magic elixir begins anew. The ahistorical nature of…

Hunt, Thomas C.

2005-01-01

425

Atuarfitsialak: Greenland's Cultural Compatible Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2002, Greenlandic reform leaders launched a comprehensive, nation-wide reform to create culturally compatible education. Greenland's reform work spans the entire educational system and includes preschool through higher education. To assist their efforts, reform leaders adopted the Standards for Effective Pedagogy developed at the Center for…

Wyatt, Tasha R.

2012-01-01

426

Symposium on New Zealand Government Information Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These six articles related to government information policies in New Zealand cover topics including policy reform, legislation, the office of privacy commissioner, organizing statistics, the restructuring of the National Archives of New Zealand, and the policy role of the national library. (BEW)

Hernon, Peter, Ed.; McClure, Charles R., Ed.

1996-01-01

427

Emerging Strategies for Private-Sector Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report delineates five governance strategies in U.S. corporations that have emerged over the last 20 years: (1) reform of corporate boards, which includes the role of boards and implementation approaches; (2) organizational improvement, which details employee involvement, total quality management, and reengineering; (3) developing team-based…

Gibson, Cristina

428

"The More Things Change...?": The Thatcher Years and Educational Reform in Scotland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The period of the Thatcher Government continues to have special significance for politics and governance in Scotland. In the 11 years of the Thatcher Government, landmark legislation and reforms affected key areas of the Scottish society and economy. Education featured prominently in the Thatcherite agenda in Scotland. In Scotland, the education…

Arnott, Margaret A.

2011-01-01

429

Housing Policy as a Lever for Change? The Politics of Welfare, Assets and Tenure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing tenure structure has long been associated with different forms of welfare state capitalism in Western Europe. However, with the rise of owner-occupancy, this association has not been so straightforward. An alternative view is to view housing policies that promote owner-occupancy for households to acquire assets, as an attempt by the state to reform social welfare systems. The politics

Wouter P. C. van Gent

2010-01-01

430

Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Information by Federal Agencies. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (April 29, June 26, October 18, 1985).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides a complete record of testimony presented at a series of hearings before the U.S. Congress on the electronic collection and dissemination of information by federal agencies. In looking at the effect of new computer and communications technology on government information activities and practices, the hearings considered such…

Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

431

Consumer Problems of Older Americans. New Directions for Government and Business. Background Papers and Recommendations from a Mini-Conference for the White House Conference on Aging (Washington, DC, January 29-30, 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These background papers and recommendations from a mini-conference on the consumer problems of older Americans and new directions that government and business should take to protect the consumer rights of the elderly address the following areas: credit, food, insurance, investments, prescription drugs and medical appliances, and primary health…

National Retired Teachers Association, Washington, DC.

432

Consumer Problems of Older Americans. New Directions for Government and Business. Background Papers and Recommendations from a Mini-Conference for the White House Conference on Aging (Washington, DC, January 29-30, 1980).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These background papers and recommendations from a mini-conference on the consumer problems of older Americans and new directions that government and business should take to protect the consumer rights of the elderly address the following areas: credit, food, insurance, investments, prescription drugs and medical appliances, and primary health…

National Retired Teachers Association, Washington, DC.

433

Perceptions of Subjective Economic Well-Being and Support for Market Reform among China's Urban Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines whether subjective economic assessments have any impact on support for further market reforms among China's urban population, utilising a large survey of 10,716 people across 32 cities. The effect of subjective economic well-being on support for market reforms is an important issue for the Chinese government as it seeks to sell the benefits of increased globalisation and

Ingrid Nielsen; Chris Nyland; Russell Smyth; Cherrie Jiuhua Zhu

2005-01-01

434

A Social Reminder: What the Public Want from the Education Reform in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The Education Commission (EC) of Hong Kong, the advisory body set up by the government on the overall development of education in Hong Kong, began developing a policy of education reform in 1998 and published its blueprint in 2000. In 2006, the EC published its fourth official report on the progress of the reform--"Progress Report on…

Wong, Kai Shung

2010-01-01

435

Education Reform in New York City: Ambitious Change in the Nation's Most Complex School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written in an accessible style by highly respected scholars, the papers in this volume document and analyze particular components of the Children First reforms, including governance, community engagement, finance, accountability, and instruction. The education reforms in New York City's public schools begun under the administration of Mayor…

O'Day, Jennifer A., Ed.; Bitter, Catherine S., Ed.; Gomez, Louis M., Ed.

2011-01-01

436

Extending Structuration Theory: A Study of an IT-Enabled Budget Reform in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For more than 50 years, governments have been engaged in recurrent reforms to their budgetary systems. New budgetary and managerial techniques and information systems (IS) are often coupled together with the goal of facilitating the adoption of budget reforms. The result is a joint innovation unevenly adopted across different organizations and…

Puron Cid, Gabriel

2010-01-01

437

Extending Structuration Theory: A Study of an IT-Enabled Budget Reform in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than 50 years, governments have been engaged in recurrent reforms to their budgetary systems. New budgetary and managerial techniques and information systems (IS) are often coupled together with the goal of facilitating the adoption of budget reforms. The result is a joint innovation unevenly adopted across different organizations and…

Puron Cid, Gabriel

2010-01-01

438

Do new labour activation policies work? A descriptive analysis of the German Hartz reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The German Hartz reforms, introduced by the Red-Green coalition government in the years 2003 to 2005, form part of a broader pattern of European activation policies which have become known as new labour policies. The idea of these reforms was to reduce welfare dependency and to boost activity rates by making work pay, and by transforming the welfare state from

Jens Alber; Jan Paul Heisig

2011-01-01

439

Workplace Change and Employment Relations Reform in Australia: Prospects for a New Social Partnership?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reform of employment relations has been central to political and economic debate in Australia during the past two decades. The process of enterprise bargaining was begun by the Hawke Labor government in the late 1980s, with the cooperation of the union movement, as an attempt to decentralise the employment relations system. More radical reforms have been introduced by the Howard

Russell D. Lansbury

440

The Reforms in Mathematics Education for Grades 1 through 12 in Albania from 1945 to 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Between 1945 and 2000, the Communist government of Albania enacted a series of educational reforms focused upon increasing the academic quality and student access to the nation's educational system. While the country succeeded in enacting considerable reform efforts, there continues to be room for improvement. This dissertation considers the…

Mernacaj, Marash

2011-01-01

441

Boosting Student Achievement: The Effect of Comprehensive School Reform on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Between the late 1980s and early 2000s, schools, districts, states, and the federal government devoted enormous resources to the implementation of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) models. With more than 1.6 billion federal dollars distributed through the Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) project and its successor, the CSR project,…

Gross, Betheny; Booker, T. Kevin; Goldhaber, Dan

2009-01-01

442

Bureaucrats in business: The roles of privatization versus corporatization in state-owned enterprise reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides evidence from a sample of 12 developing countries that countries which improved state-owned enterprise performance the most followed a comprehensive strategy of reforms, including a combination of privatization and corporatization. Further evidence that corporatization works better in combination with ownership and other reforms is provided through an analysis of government contracts with public managers, private managers and

Mary M. Shirley

1999-01-01

443

The Micro Basis of Budget System ReformThe Case of Transitional Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In reviewing the means to strengthen public expenditure management (PEM) systems, there has been increased emphasis on the micro basis of broader budget system reforms, especially reforms of the internal financial management systems in government agencies. Specifically in transition economies, there has been increasing recognition that OECD-type budget systems need to be broadly based on a firm platform of financial

Jack Diamond

2002-01-01

444

Tenure Security and Investments: Micro-evidence from Zimbabwe’s Fast Track Land Reform Programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

The government of Zimbabwe launched the Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) in 2000 as part of its ongoing land reform and resettlement programme aimed at addressing a racially skewed land distribution. Its goal has been to accelerate both land acquisition and redistribution, targeting at least five million hectares of land for resettlement. This paper investigates the impact of the

Precious Zikhali

2008-01-01

445

Education Policy Reform in Sri Lanka: The Double-Edged Sword of Political Will  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1997, the Government of Sri Lanka launched a comprehensive set of education reforms designed to promote equitable access to basic education and improvements in learning outcomes. The package of reforms arose as a political response to widespread youth unrest in the late 1980s and attracted considerable "political will", a vague but much…

Little, Angela W.

2011-01-01

446

The Post-Modern Rhetoric of Recent Reforms in Greek Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the last few years, radical neo-liberal reforms have been introduced in the Greek Higher Education sector. The new "reforms" challenge the traditionally high autonomy of Higher Education (HE) institutions in matters of administrative regulations, study structures, assessment of students and teachers. The new rhetoric of the Greek government is…

Gouvias, Dionysios

2012-01-01

447

INSTITUTIONS, BLAME AVOIDANCE AND NEGATIVITY BIAS: WHERE PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REFORM MEETS THE 'BLAME CULTURE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary public management reform takes place in a social and political context usually characterized as comprising falling trust in government, institutionally accentuated negativity bias and increased emphasis on fault-finding. Against that backdrop, some of the recurring themes of public management reform over recent decades, notably the doctrine of delegated management and arms- length regulation, arguably go with the political grain

Christopher Hood

448

North Korea after the Nuclear Crisis: the Future of the Economic Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A few years ago North Korea took the first steps to reform its economic system. These reforms have been characterised by the introduction of some basic monetisation into the economy and reduction of the role of government in setting prices and controlling the distribution system. The changes in North Korea's economic management and operational measures showed similarities to the processes

RALPH M. WROBEL

2007-01-01

449

Legitimating Leadership in Southern Thai Schools: Considering Local Responses to Neoliberal Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mounting religious-ethnic tensions and broad-scale reform have precipitated reconsideration of the mission, traditions, operations and institutional positions of government schools in southern Thailand. The authors report on a study of a dozen schools located in four border provinces adapting to national reforms and regional unrest. The authors…

Maxcy, Brendan; Sungtong, Ekkarin; Nguyen, Thu Suong Thi

2010-01-01

450

Leadership Development in Social Housing: A Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop a research agenda to underpin leadership development activity in the social housing sector, in the light of an identified need for effective leadership in this sector owing to the continual reform and changes it faces. Design/methodology/approach: A literature review is conducted by searching a…

Ward, Carolyn; Blenkinsopp, John; McCauley-Smith, Catherine

2010-01-01

451

High School Science Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Scope, Sequence, and Coordination (SS&C) reform movement. Points out the limited science opportunities for minority students in traditional high school settings. First published in 1995. (YDS)

Aldridge, Bill G.

2000-01-01

452

Stimulating Human Services Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Suggestions for stimulating reform in human services agencies are focused on persuading policymakers and managers about the need for change; on grouping community, local, and organizational agencies for change; and on coordinating the activities of the pr...

H. W. Demone

1978-01-01

453

Issues in Welfare Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography contains selected abstracts of documents on welfare reform issues. All of the approximately 40 documents are in the SHARE collection; most were published in the late 1970's. Documents range from journal articles to private foundation rep...

1980-01-01

454

To Establish a National Policy on Permanent Papers. Hearing on H.J. Res 226 To Establish a National Policy on Permanent Papers, before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the text of House Joint Resolution 226, which establishes a policy that Federal records, books, and publications of enduring value be produced on acid free permanent papers; recommends that federal agencies and American publishers require the use of acid free permanent papers for publications of enduring value; recommends…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture.

455

Tax Expenditure Budget Before and After the Tax Reform Act of 1986,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Tax Reform Act of 1986 broadened the income tax base and drastically reduced tax rates. While these changes were designed to be revenue neutral, they led to significant reductions in government subsidies provided through tax expenditures. The findings...

T. S. Neubig D. Joulfaian

1988-01-01

456

Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bipartisan Commission on Entitlement and Tax Reform was established by President Clinton in November of 1993 to recommend long-term changes to America's entitlement programs and tax structure. The Commission is comprised of 32 Members -- including 22 Members of Congress and 10 distinguished private citizens and State and local leaders -- and is chaired by Senator Bob Kerrey (D-NE) and Senator Jack Danforth (R-MO). To date, the Commission has approved an Interim Report to the President outlining the nature and scope of America's long-term fiscal dilemma. The Commission has also produced a document describing potential reforms to America's entitlement programs and an interactive computer program using the reform options. The Commission is due to make final recommendations to the President by the end of the year. Also: Try your hand at entitlement reform. Download Budget Shadows: a challenging, fun, interactive program that puts you in the driver's seat [...as seen on recent news programs... -- Scout]. See what effect different policy decisions would have on entitlement programs, the U.S. budget, and U.S. citizens. Decide for yourself what choices and trade-offs you think the federal government should make to address our fiscal challenges. NOTE: You must have Lotus for Windows to run the program.

457

69 FR 21455 - Standards Governing the Design of Wall-Mounted Centralized Mail Receptacles  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...39 CFR Part 111 Standards Governing the Design of Wall-Mounted Centralized Mail Receptacles...Apartment House, Mail, which governs the design of wall-mounted centralized mail receptacles...USPS-STD-4B, currently governs the design of apartment house mailboxes. This...

2004-04-21

458

Juvenile Justice Reform and the Difference it Makes: An Exploratory Study of the Impact of Policy Change on Detention Worker Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite increasing interest in policy implementation and reform, few studies have examined the impact of criminal justice reforms on staff attitudes. This article compares several dimensions of staff attitudes in two similar juvenile detention facilities: one that has undergone significant reform in policy and practice governing staff\\/detainee interaction and one that has not. Based on survey data gathered from workers

Gordon Bazemore; Todd J. Dicker; Ron Nyhan

1994-01-01

459

Love Canal: health studies and relocation. Joint Hearing before the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, US House of Representatives of the Committee on Government Operations, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session, May 22, 1980  

SciTech Connect

A hearing was conducted to examine the actions taken by the Federal government and the state of New York to relocate temporarily 700 families from the Love Canal area and to initiate scientific studies of the health effects on the residents in order to determine whether they can safely return to their homes. The implications of this experience are examined for future government planning and for the hazardous waste legislation presently being considered by the Congress. Also explored is to what extent existing law and the proposed superfund legislation - H.R. 7020 - afford authority and machinery to accomplish the desired ends. What options exist under Federal law, as it might be amended by H.R. 7020, to relocate residents of the Love Canal area are also examined. Testimony was heard from six witnesses. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-01-01

460

On the road to reform: a sociocultural interpretation of reform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper I discuss how reform in science education is interpreted by Barma as she recounts the story of Catherine, a grade 9 biology teacher, who reforms her teaching practices in response to a national curriculum reform in Quebec, Canada. Unlike some cases in response to reform, this case is hopeful and positive. Also in this paper, I address some familiar areas that must be considered when teachers undertake curriculum reform and how science educators may fulfill the role of facilitator and advocate in the support of teachers on the road to reform. The commentary focuses on how Barma retells the story through the lens of activity theory.

Mensah, Felicia Moore

2011-09-01

461

New Challenges in the Governance of Catalan Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a study of the principal issues involved in the governance of public universities in Catalonia. It was based on four stylised dilemmas that were drawn up to facilitate an understanding of the challenges facing university governance reforms. This paper discusses each of these dilemmas in the Catalan context and…

Castro, Diego; Ion, Georgeta

2011-01-01

462

E-government and NPM: a perfect marriage?  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-Government and New Public Management (NPM) are two concepts that are often used in discussions about modernizing government. Both concepts refer to various forms of reform of the public sector and, at least to a certain degree, address the same problems public administration is nowadays confronted with (lack of accountability, underperformance and diminished level of legitimacy, to name a few).The

Vincent Homburg

2004-01-01

463

Democratic government, institutional autonomy and the dynamics of change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against the backdrop of decades of public sector reforms in Europe, this essay aims to make sense of the processes through which institutions, democratic government included, achieve and lose autonomy or primacy and why it is difficult to find a state of equilibrium between democratic government and institutional autonomy. The analytical value of ‘autonomy’ as detachment-from-politics and the apolitical dynamics

Johan P. Olsen

2009-01-01

464

Active citizenship and local governance: political and geographical dimensions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the possibility of a participatory form of democracy emerging in the UK out of the confluence of ‘active citizenship’ and ‘local governance’ and through reform of the state and civil society. A consideration of the type of ‘active citizenship’ strategy being pursued, an examination of the institutional and constitutional nature of ‘local governance’, and a review of

Ade Kearns

1995-01-01

465

Strangers, spirits, and land reforms: conflicts about land in Dande, northern Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book describes efforts by the Zimbabwean government to enforce land reforms on African farmers in northern Zimbabwe. These efforts compounded rather than alleviated the problem of land scarcity for black small-scale farmers, a problem government now allegedly seeks to redress through invasions of white-owned farms. The book describes the similarities between the post-Independence land reforms and those attempted by

Marja J. Spierenburg

2004-01-01

466

Housing and Labor Market Distortions in Poland: Linkages and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

During its period as a centrally planned economy, Poland?s housing and macroeconomic policies restricted investments in housing and urban infrastructure to a level well below that of other European countries. This resulted in a shortage of housing typified by 15- to 20-year waits for government-subsidized housing and a stock of housing that fell short of the number of Polish households

Stephen K. Mayo; James I. Stein

1995-01-01

467

The Neighborhood Environments of Mutual-Help Recovery Houses: Comparisons by Perceived Socioeconomic Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the setting and house-level characteristics of 160 self-governed, mutual-support substance abuse recovery homes, called Oxford Houses (OHs), across the United States. These dwellings were located in four different neighborhood types: upper or middle class (n = 23 houses), urban working or lower class (n = 71 houses), suburban upper or middle-class (n = 39 Houses), and suburban

Joseph R. Ferrari; David R. Groh; Leonard A. Jason

2009-01-01

468

The Student Success Act: Reforming Federal Accountability Requirements under No Child Left Behind. WebMemo. No. 3461  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|On its 10-year anniversary, there is consensus that No Child Left Behind (NCLB) is broken. The debate over how to reform NCLB has generated a number of proposals from both houses of Congress and the Obama Administration, but ideas about how to rewrite the law differ greatly. In early 2012, the House Education and the Workforce Committee…

Burke, Lindsey M.

2012-01-01

469

Housing Submarkets in Istanbul  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests the hypothesis that in a segmented housing market, housing price structure is different in each segment and whole market area price structure does not reflect a realistic housing price structure effectively. Submarket existence is tested in order to average household income in neighbourhoods in the Istanbul housing market. Whether the consequential variations in prices in each segment

Elif Alkay

2008-01-01

470

Homicide law reform: Coke v Bumble - revisited and reassessed.  

PubMed

This contribution is a sequel to an earlier paper in the journal by the second author. It examines the Government's remit to the Law Commission to suggest revision to the law relating to homicide, and the eventual somewhat muted implementation in the Coroners and Justice Act of 2009. These changes to the law of homicide, and more specifically the revisions to the partial defences of diminished responsibility and provocation, are critically reviewed, and are discussed in light of the future of homicide law reform. It is argued that more radical reform to the substantive law of homicide is needed, but this article also discusses the problems of implementing this more radical reform given the Government's reluctance to remove the mandatory life sentence for murder. PMID:22021588

Hodgkinson, Sarah; Prins, Herschel

2011-10-01

471

The research on public rental housing site selection and planning method based on characteristics of group behavior-Taking Chongqing for example  

Microsoft Academic Search

The context of rapid urbanization, in order to supplement and improve existing indemnificatory housing of the structural system, and to let residents obtain their own houses, the government vigorously promote the construction of public rental housing. It is low-rent and the rental object is in low-income people with housing difficulties. Face with the tide of public rental housing construction, this

Xu Yuhui; Luo Decheng; Lv Yanke

2011-01-01

472

Community governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

American politics, especially at the national level, has become dysfunctional; citizens are deeply frustrated with their political leaders and feel that political institutions are unresponsive and corrupted by entrenched power and money. Government leaders must bear the brunt of this anger and distrust, and subsequently feel a sense of disconnection between themselves and those whom they serve. Ironically, at the

Christopher Gates

1999-01-01

473

72. INTERIOR VIEW, HEAD HOUSE, GROUND FLOOR, HALLWAY LEADING TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

72. INTERIOR VIEW, HEAD HOUSE, GROUND FLOOR, HALLWAY LEADING TO BLUE OX BAR, LOOKING EAST (ORIGINAL EXTERIOR STONE WALL TO RIGHT) - Timberline Lodge, Timberline Trail, Government Camp, Clackamas County, OR

474

Social and Medical Services in Housing for the Aged.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Federal and private nonprofit agencies have supported a tremendous growth in housing for elderly individuals. Policies governing the type of environments to be built necessarily have been formulated before data from social science on which to base such de...

M. P. Lawton

1980-01-01

475

Evaluation of Privatized Military Family Housing: Lessons Learned.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An analysis of previous efforts to privative military housing and of the current privatization initiative revealed that long-term success requires flexibility to manage the private developers' and U.S. Government's exposure to various types of risks. The ...

J. R. Cano

2012-01-01

476

Affordable housing and planning gain, linkage fees and the rational nexus: Using the land use planning system in England and the USA to deliver housing subsidies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines how the English planning system is being used to reduce land prices for social housing schemes at a time when government subsidies to social rented housing producers are being cut and compares and contrasts this with practice within the USA. The paper describes the key characteristics of the English planning system, recent trends in English housing policy,

A. D. H. Crook

1996-01-01

477

The Reform of Italian Cooperative Banks: Discussion of Proposals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the governance framework of cooperative banks may hamper raising capital, particularly at time of distress, complicating the bank resolution process ?specially for large banks?and may not provide adequate incentives to control banks' management. Reforms should preserve the positive characteristics that make cooperative banks a valuable addition to the Italian financial system, while providing enough flexibility and

Eva Gutierrez

2008-01-01

478

Leprosy, politics, and the rise of Hawaii's reform party  

Microsoft Academic Search

When leprosy became a Hawaiian concern in 1863, the monarchy initiated segregation as a temporary measure to eliminate the disease through quarantine. As the island economy grew, primarily through the sugar industry, foreigners dominated commercial enterprises and increasingly took charge of government affairs. Mounting tension between native and non?native, as power shifted from one to the other during the reform

Pennie Moblo

1999-01-01

479

Police reform: from police authorities to police and crime commissioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider the background of the proposal contained in the coalition government's Police and Social Responsibility legislation to replace police authorities with directly elected police and crime commissioners (PCCs) and to evaluate the potential problems that will arise from this reform. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research is library-based, utilising a range of primary

Peter Joyce

2011-01-01

480

National Security Reform 2010: A Mid-Term Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Assessing U.S. leadership in ongoing national security reform was the focus of a research colloquium hosted by the Bush School of Government and Public Service, Texas A&M University, and the Strategic Studies Institute (SSI), U.S. Army War College, on Apr...

J. R. Cerami M. H. Harber R. J. Dorff

2011-01-01

481

Practical Work in Ireland: A Time of Reform and Debate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and discusses the role of practical work in science education in Ireland. The 2002 report of a government Task Force on the Physical Sciences, set up to consider the problems facing the teaching of the physical sciences in second-level schools in Ireland, has resulted in rapid reform of the science curriculum at both junior…

Kennedy, Declan

2012-01-01

482

LAND REFORM IN ZIMBABWE: ZANU-PF'S RED HEERING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Land remains a hotly contested issue within Zimbabwean society 18 years after independence. The question is why? Governments do have an important role to play in land reform and hence in agriculture restructuring. The role is often less dramatic than a rescue mission, and yet more difficult, because it requires a clear definition of objectives and criteria to be followed.

CALVIN O. MASILELA; DIEDRE RANKIN

1998-01-01

483

IMPLEMENTING LAND REFORM IN SOUTH AFRICA'S NORTHERN CAPE PROVINCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the asset holdings and income portfolios of eight case-study groups located in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa that have recently benefited from the government's land reform programme. It also describes a participatory land use planning methodology that guides groups through the process of developing a management plan to help them to integrate agriculture more fully

Alastair Bradstock

2004-01-01

484

Zimbabwe's ‘Fast Track’ Land Reform: What about women?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wave of occupations of commercial farms in Zimbabwe starting in the year 2000 captured worldwide attention. By the end of that year, the government of Zimbabwe initiated the ‘fast track’ land reform process meant to formalize the occupations, and encourage further land appropriation and redistribution. Where are women in this process? The Women and Land Lobby Group (WLLG) was

Allison Goebel

2005-01-01

485

A Critical Analysis of the Land Reform Programme in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The Land Reform programme in Zimbabwe has been a major area of international discussion for almost five years now; mainly due to the hitherto unprecedented approach taken by the government of Zimbabwe to address this very emotive issue. From the world's marginalized communities there has been a lot of admiration for such a bold move, while there has been

Francis CHITSIKE

486

Community Management by Decree? Lessons From Cambodia's Fisheries Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cambodian government introduced a dramatic reform in 2001 that reduced the allocation of commercial fishing lots in favor of local community access. Hailed by community activists, the policy shift nevertheless accelerated a crisis in the sector, with effectively open access and very poor law enforcement leading to intense exploitation and a surge in illegal fishing. This essay reviews the

Blake D. Ratner

2006-01-01

487

Stamp Duties In Indian States: A Case for Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alm, Annez, and Modi review the options for reform of stamp duties on immovable property transfers collected by Indian state governments. After briefly reviewing some of the many administrative difficulties experienced with the tax, they turn to an examination of its economic impacts. A review of stamp duties internationally indicates that Indian rates are exceptionally high, at rates often above

Arbind Modi; Patricia Annez; James Alm

2004-01-01

488

Higher Education Reform in Taiwan and Its Implications on Equality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of massification of higher education and the quest for competitiveness, the Taiwanese government has adopted a series of higher education reforms since the late 1990s. While the low birthrate has become a potential threat, recent developments in higher education policies such as the Program for Developing First-Class Universities and…

I-ru, Chen Dorothy

2012-01-01

489

Kenya's quest for growth stabilization and reforms - but political stability ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kenya has long had a reputation of being politically risky, manifested in corruption, uncertainty about policies, and the importance of political connections in doing business. Kenya began its economic liberalization in 1993. Reform picked up speed after a tightening of aid by donors on governance grounds and an attempt to re-establish credibility following the costly Goldenberg scandal uncovered in 1992.

Luca Bandiera; Praveen Kumar; Brian Pinto

2008-01-01

490

Public Opinion and Health Care Reform for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent polling data suggest that there is a growing consensus to pay special attention to children's needs in the health care reform debate. The public generally desires children to have greater access to health care services, even if this would mean higher taxes, but is unsure that government is the best vehicle to provide such services. (MDM)

Bales, Susan Nall

1993-01-01

491

Leading and Managing Schools in the Post-Reform Era.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, the United Kingdom's central government education-reform program has created new leadership and management tasks. Key questions have arisen about how leaders will work to achieve the core purpose of their schools. This paper is based on a review of 15 major research studies that examined the impact of recent educational…

Weindling, Dick; Wallace, Mike

492

Higher education in a vacuum: stress and reform in Ecuador  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecuador‘s higher education system mirrors that of other Latin American countries in its many internal and external stresses. It also provides an opportunity to view a reform process occurring in a vacuum of central government influence and authority, one whose direction is largely set by the universities in response to perceived stresses. Those stresses arise from the differentiation of the

Kenneth P. Jameson

1997-01-01

493

Reforming higher education systems: Some lessons to guide policy implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although higher education systems are in a constant state of change, they are difficult for governments to reform. This paper analyzes a wide variety of country experiences in establishing mechanisms to co-ordinate the development of higher education systems, diversifying institutional financing and increasing the efficiency of public investments. Attention is drawn to the need for effective policy structures to manage

Thomas Owen Eisemon; Lauritz Holm-Nielsen

1995-01-01

494

Tax Reform in Transition Economies: Experiences and Lessons  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the governments of countries in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union continue to grapple with the challenges of transition, many significant policy developments have already taken place over the past six years, developments of interest to policymakers and economists alike. Conditions in these Countries in Transition (CITs) have presented a formidable challenge to reformers, a challenge that has

Jorge Martinez-Vazquez; Robert McNab

1997-01-01

495

Curriculum Reform and Reproducing Inequality in Upper-Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capacity of schooling to overcome disadvantage in society is a recurring topic of discussion and debate in countries around the world. Current government-led reforms of curriculum, assessment and schooling often aim to address inequality, as part of broader agendas to improve national productivity and social wellbeing. Recent approaches to…

Fenwick, Lisl

2011-01-01

496

Labour Market Aspects of State Enterprise Reform in Viet Nam  

Microsoft Academic Search

State-owned enterprise (SOE) restructuring has proceeded more rapidly in Viet Nam than, for example, in China and India. The government tightened the budget constraints facing SOEs virtually simultaneously with price liberalisation. While a large number of mostly small SOEs were liquidated soon after reform began, others were able to adjust through various cost-cutting measures, including sizeable labour force reductions. The

David O’Connor; Maria Rosa Lunati

1996-01-01

497

Party politics under a non-party caretaker government in Bangladesh: the Fakhruddin interregnum (2007–09)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the logic and politics of the range of measures undertaken by the non-party caretaker government to reform the political sector, particularly political parties, in Bangladesh between January 2007 and December 2008. It was argued by the military-backed government, and supported by civil society, that the reforms were necessary to cleanse party politics which was considered to be

Nizam Ahmed

2010-01-01

498

Renewing the Holy Grail of human motivation in the delivery of public service : Evidence from Ghana's Local Government Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper draws on a recent case study in Ghana that explored the human resource development (HRD) challenges facing local government in a reforming public sector. It aims to investigate how public sector reform (PSR) has affected worker motivation and effectiveness among civil servants (bureaucrats) serving local government at all levels of operation. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on an

Kwabena Barima Antwi

2009-01-01

499

Unmixed Reforming: A Novel Autothermal Cyclic Steam Reforming Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unmixed Reforming, or UMR, is a novel autothermal cyclic steam reforming process for converting hydrocarbons to hydrogen.\\u000a The process operates in a three-step cycle that involves heating the reactor, reducing the catalyst to the metallic state,\\u000a and finally steam reforming. UMR is being developed mainly for small-scale generation of hydrogen where it can economically\\u000a compete with conventional steam reforming. UMR

Ravi V. Kumar; Richard K. Lyon; Jerald A. Cole

500

Modeling and simulation of public housing construction in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hong Kong possesses one of the world's largest public housing stocks which provide accommodation for 3.1 million people. To meet the growing need for public housing, the government has committed to produce 50,000 public flat units (plus 35,000 units from private developers) a year as its long term housing policy. To meet this production target, contractors are facing with the

Jonathan Jingsheng Shi; S. X. Zeng; C. M. Tam

1998-01-01