Sample records for house government reform

  1. Regulatory reform in the oil industry. Hearing before the Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second session

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    This document contains the Hearing before the Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session, May 20, 1996 on Regulatory Reform in the Oil Industry. This hearing investigates the federal regulations in the oil and gas industry and whether they are effective at giving us a cleaner, safer, and healthier America, or just higher prices at the gas pump.

  2. Governance Reform at China's "985 Project" Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qingnian, Xiong; Duanhong, Zhang; Hong, Liu

    2011-01-01

    Higher education reform in China is deepening, and the governance reform taking place at the 985 Project universities over the past decade has displayed a shift from government driven to internally driven, from adaptive to proactive, and from localized to systemic. This reflects the overall status of governance reform in China's higher education.…

  3. Reforming corporate governance: redirecting the European agenda

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erik Berglöf

    1997-01-01

    Corporate governance reform is in the air. This article warns against partial and hastily conceived interventions in complex and fragile governance arrangements. Reformers should step back and analyse the fundamental links between corporate law and corporate finance, and between corporate governance and the rest of the economic and legal system. Reform efforts should not meddle with specific ownership and control

  4. Committee on Government Reform, United States House of Representatives Testimony for the September 21, 2006 Hearing on

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    that leadership in protecting the environment and improving our economic and political security can be achieved not at a cost, but through political and economic gain to the nation in the form of reasserted leadership both Change (IPCC), and have testified before both U. S. House and Senate Committees on the science

  5. Challenges for China's Reform of Government Procurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bill K. P. Chou

    2006-01-01

    China's reform of government procurement aims to promote greater prudence in expenditure management through introducing transparency, accountability, and competition into the procurement process. The reform can also be construed as China's effort to fulfill its commitment to the WTO. This paper examines the evolution of the reform and measures the success of the reform against three indicators: the amount of

  6. Social Security Reform and Corporate Governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lee S. Redding

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers implementation issues arising from potential reforms to the United States Social Security system. Many reform proposals involve individually invested accounts, but the corporate governance implications of such accounts have not been fully explored. Existing reform plans will result in a large fraction of votes being concentrated at one private fund manager. The implications for corporate governance and

  7. Health governance and healthcare reforms in China.

    PubMed

    Ramesh, M; Wu, Xun; He, Alex Jingwei

    2014-09-01

    This article examines the role of health governance in shaping the outcomes of healthcare reforms in China. The analysis shows that the failure of reforms during the 1980s and 1990s was in part due to inadequate attention to key aspects in health governance, such as strategic interactions among government, providers and users, as well as incentive structures shaping their preferences and behaviour. Although more recent reforms seek to correct these flaws, they are insufficiently targeted at the fundamental governance problems that beset the sector. The article suggests that the Chinese government needs to heighten its efforts to enhance health governance and change the ways providers are paid if it is to succeed in achieving its goal of providing health care to all at affordable cost. PMID:23293100

  8. RCVS governance: the case for reform.

    PubMed

    Reid, Stuart; Viner, Bradley

    2015-06-01

    On being appointed President of the RCVS in July last year, Stuart Reid set out three main ambitions for his term of office. One was to consult on whether veterinary surgeons should be allowed to use the title 'Doctor', and this already been realised. The second was to strengthen the College's European and international role, and a new international strategy is being considered by the RCVS Council this month. His third ambition was to continue the College's modernisation agenda and streamline the governance of the College itself. Here, he and Bradley Viner, the incoming President, briefly set out the case for reform. PMID:26044683

  9. Effective Faith-Based Treatment Programs. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (May 23, 2001).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This document presents witness testimonies from a hearing discussing two issues critical to the House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy and Human Resources: insuring government support for effective programs to reduce the demand for illegal drugs, and facilitating the inclusion of faith-based providers in the…

  10. Shanghai housing reform. Program a burden on foreign investors.

    PubMed

    Burke, F

    1991-09-23

    This document contains a summary of the Housing Reform Program created in Shanghai, China, in 1991, which requires monthly contributions of all employers and employees in Shanghai to a "Collective Reserve Fund." The program also applies to foreign investment enterprises and must be followed by all enterprises, regardless of any previous housing benefits that an enterprise may be providing its employees. Employers must deduct 5% from each employee's salary (with a minimum) monthly and must match that amount. The total is paid into an account in the employer's name with the People's Construction Bank of China. The total amount collected and matched for an employee is considered the property of the employee, but the account is administered by the employer as a collective trust account. Each employee's balance may be withdrawn upon retirement, leaving the area, or purchasing a home and leaving state-owned housing. Foreign investment enterprises contribute a reduced amount in recognition of the fact that they pay salaries that are higher than those of state enterprises. The Housing Reform Program also requires employers to contribute to doubled rent subsidies for public housing, requires workers to purchase housing construction bonds in order to be eligible for newly allocated public housing, calles for housing to be sold at favorable prices, and creates a system whereby mortgages can be obtained from the Collective Reserve Fund. PMID:12348587

  11. Breaking the cycle: the implications of the Government's justice Green Paper for housing for former offenders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jon Collins

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – In December 2010, the Ministry of Justice published Breaking the Cycle: Effective Punishment, Rehabilitation and Sentencing of Offenders, the Government's Green Paper on criminal justice reform. This paper seeks to discuss the implications of this Green Paper on housing for offenders. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper examines the proposals set out in the Green Paper, and in particular the

  12. The Winners in China’s Urban Housing Reform

    PubMed Central

    Logan, John R.; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

    2013-01-01

    Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China’s transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation. PMID:24163494

  13. Metropolitan Governance in Canada or the Persistence of Institutional Reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-Pierre Collin; Mariona Tomàs

    In this article, we explore the main features of metropolitan governance in Canada. The first part of the paper is devoted to a brief overview of the characteristics of metropolitan areas in Canada and the system of local government. Secondly, we focus our analysis on the leading metropolitan areas, paying special attention to the reforms that they have overcome in

  14. Governance Reforms and Organizational Dilemmas in European Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capano, Giliberto; Regini, Marino

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to examine how European universities, confronted with national reforms of their governance, have tried to resolve the dilemmas traditionally associated with internal reorganization, the redistribution of power, and the reformulation of teaching and research policies. The article does not focus on the central governance

  15. A government prepared: Organizing for math and science education reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Branscomb, Lewis M.; Johnson, Rollin B.

    1992-06-01

    The reform of K-12 math and science education will require a national, multisector, bipartisan effort sustained for at least two decades. The effort will involve all levels of government, communities, local businesses, and schools. The federal government has a pivotal role to play.

  16. An investigation of the association between corporate governance, earnings management and the effect of governance reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marion R. Hutchinson; Majella Percy; Leyal Erkurtoglu

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of recent corporate governance reforms on the association between governance practices and earnings management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study examines the impact of corporate governance reforms by using a firm fixed-effect, cross-sectional analysis of 200 firms listed on the Australian Stock Exchange (ASX) for the financial years ending in

  17. Reforming government debt markets in MENA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Catiana Garcia-Kilroy; Anderson Caputo Silva

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the current stage of development of government securities markets in the non-GCC MENA region focusing in five countries that have government bond markets with a minimum size and greater potential for market development: Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia. The analysis focuses on the five key building blocks that normally sustain deep and liquid public debt markets:

  18. Corporate Governance Convergence: Evidence from Takeover Regulation Reforms in Europe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Goergen; Marina Martynova; L. D. R. Renneboog

    2005-01-01

    This paper contributes to the research on corporate governance by predicting the effects of European takeover regulation.In particular, we investigate whether the recent reforms of takeover regulation in Europe are leading to a harmonization of the national legislations.With the help of 150 corporate governance lawyers from 30 European countries, we collected the main changes in takeover regulation.We assess whether a

  19. Housing Reform and its Impacts on the Urban Poor in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ya Ping Wang

    2000-01-01

    Housing provision in Chinese cities has experienced many changes since 1979 when the country embarked on major economic reform. During the late 1980s and the 1990s many publicly owned houses were sold to their existing tenants or other public sector employees. Large numbers of new houses were built by commercial property developers for the emerging urban housing market. As a

  20. Welsh Government proposals: organ and tissue donation reforms.

    PubMed

    McHale, Jean V

    In November 2011, the Welsh Government published a consultation document setting out proposals for legislation on organ and tissue donation. The scheme would introduce a notable change in the law from a consent-based 'opt-in' scheme for transplantation to an 'opt-out' one. This article explores the scope of the current law concerning organ transplantation. It considers the proposals for reform and some of the challenges which might arise in implementing the legislation. PMID:22241495

  1. Sales compensation governance: the last frontier of corporate reform.

    PubMed

    Gundy, Peter R; Gaeta, Elizabeth C

    2004-01-01

    The area of sales compensation has remained relatively untouched by recent pressures for compensation reform. This article highlights some of the ways that sales organizations stumble in managing their compensation programs, and why it takes more than a simple tactical fix to address these problems effectively. The authors describe a more structured governance framework that not only identifies and resolves key sales compensation issues, but ultimately safeguards the effectiveness and financial integrity of the sales organization itself. PMID:15015424

  2. 31 CFR 1030.320 - Reports by housing government sponsored enterprises of suspicious transactions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...housing government sponsored enterprise, of a SAR, or any information...housing government sponsored enterprise's corporate organizational...request for use in a private legal proceeding, including a request...housing government sponsored enterprise, and any director,...

  3. The downside of marketization: a multilevel analysis of housing tenure and types in reform-era urban China.

    PubMed

    Fu, Qiang; Zhu, Yushu; Ren, Qiang

    2015-01-01

    Based on data from the 2005 National Population Sample Survey and compiled covariates of 205 prefectures, this research adopted principal-component and multilevel-logistic analyses to study homeownership in urban China. Although the housing reform has severed the link between work units and residence, working in state sectors (government, state-owned enterprises and collective firms) remained significant in determining a household's entitlement to reform-era housing with heavy subsidies or better qualities. While the prefecture-level index of marketization reduced local homeownership of self-built housing, affordable housing and privatized housing, its effect is moderated by cross-level interactions with income, education and working in state sectors across different types of housing. Meanwhile, the index of political and market connections promoted all types of homeownership except for self-built housing. By situating the downside of marketization within a context of urban transformation, this research not only challenges the teleological premise of the neoliberal market transition theory but calls for research on institutional dynamics and social consequences of urban transformation in China. PMID:25432608

  4. More than the politics of decentralization: Local government reform, district development and public administration in Zimbabwe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emery M. Roe

    1995-01-01

    What is evaluated as central government decentralization to improve rural development may also be local government reform for improved district development. The challenge in analyzing such efforts is not to be preoccupied with an always-present politics of decentralization. This article examines a local government reform in Zimbabwe that has been equated with central government decentralization: the Amalgamation of the countryside's

  5. Governance, transparency and alignment in the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) 2011 National Health Reform Agreement.

    PubMed

    Veronesi, Gianluca; Harley, Kirsten; Dugdale, Paul; Short, Stephanie D

    2014-06-01

    OBJECTIVE This article provides a policy analysis of the Australian government's National Health Reform Agreement (NHRA) by bringing to the foreground the governance arrangements underpinning the two arms of the national reforms, to primary health care and hospital services. METHODS The article analyses the NHRA document and mandate, and contextualises the changes introduced vis-à-vis the complex characteristics of the Australian health care system. Specifically, it discusses the coherence of the agreement and its underlying objectives, and the consistency and logic of the governance arrangements introduced. RESULTS The policy analysis highlights the rationalisation of the responsibilities between the Commonwealth and states and territories, the commitment towards a funding arrangement based on uniform measures of performance and the troubled emergence of a more decentralised nation-wide homogenisation of governance arrangements, plus efforts to improve transparency, accountability and statutory support to increase the standards of quality of care and safety. CONCLUSIONS It is suggested that the NHRA falls short of adequately supporting integration between primary, secondary and tertiary health care provision and facilitating greater integration in chronic disease management in primary care. Successfully addressing this will unlock further value from the reforms. PMID:24807128

  6. Comprehensively Advance Reform of the Urban Housing System Opinion. [Summary 1991].

    PubMed

    1992-02-27

    On 31 December 1991, the Chinese State Council Housing System Reform Leading Group announced this Opinion, setting out targets, principles, and policies for the reform of the system of provisional housing in urban areas. Section 1 of the Opinion provides that the long-term goal of reform is to convert the distribution of housing from a system based on welfare allocation to one based on commodity exchange either by purchase or rental. Section 2 sets the following targets for reform: a) within the period of the Eighth Five-Year Plan, the system will be converted from one of low rent to one in which the calculation of rent will be based on cost of upkeep, administration costs, and depreciation; b) by 2000, the calculation of rent will be based on the above factors, as well as interest on investment and property taxes; and c) in the long term, the calculation of rent will be based on all of the above factors, as well as land rent, insurance premiums, and profit. Section 4 deals with policies for managing various problems such as rent increases and subsidies, sales of housing, financing for housing, the system of investment in and construction of housing, and administration of housing. This Section provides that a three-level housing investment fund based on municipalities, work units, and individuals will be established. PMID:12348701

  7. We live here : tenants and the Massachusetts Public Housing Reform debate

    E-print Network

    Sappelt, Ruth

    2014-01-01

    The embezzlement and corruption scandal surrounding the director of a local Massachusetts housing authority in late 2011 spurred a heated public debate about governance and efficiency in the state-funded public housing ...

  8. Japanese University Reform--Hybridity in Governance and Management

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christensen, Tom

    2011-01-01

    University reforms around the world reflect many of the ideas and measures associated with the New Public Management (NPM) reform wave that emerged in Australia and New Zealand in the early 1980s. However, they also display features of the post-NPM reforms introduced in the last decade. In this article I focus on university reforms in Japan,…

  9. Combating Gangs: Better Coordination and Performance Measurement Would Help Clarify Roles of Federal Agencies and Strengthen Assessment of Efforts. Report to the Ranking Member, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-09-708

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Government Accountability Office, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Department of Justice (DOJ) estimates that the United States has about a million gang members. While state and local agencies have primary responsibility for combating gang crime, the federal government has key roles to enforce laws and help fund programs to provide alternatives to gang membership for at-risk youth. GAO was asked to examine…

  10. Human Capital: Building the Information Technology Workforce To Achieve Results. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, David M.

    The Comptroller General of the United States testified before Congress regarding the General Accounting Office's (GAO's) framework for building the information technology (IT) work force to achieve results. The following were among the key points of his testimony: (1) the federal government is facing pervasive human capital challenges that are…

  11. Eradicating Steroid Use, Part IV: Examining the Use of Steroids by Young Women to Enhance Athletic Performance and Body Image. Hearing Before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session, (June 15, 2005) Serial No. 109-38

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US House of Representatives, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The Committee on Government Reform heard testimony from several medical experts who believe that steroid use by young women is an underreported problem, and that a great deal more research and scientific evidence are needed to more accurately quantify its pervasiveness. Dr. Diane Elliot, professor of medicine, Oregon Health and Science University,…

  12. Good governance and budget reform in Lesotho Public Hospitals: performance, root causes and reality.

    PubMed

    Vian, Taryn; Bicknell, William J

    2014-09-01

    Lesotho has been implementing financial management reforms, including performance-based budgeting (PBB) since 2005 in an effort to increase accountability, transparency and effectiveness in governance, yet little is known about how these efforts are affecting the health sector. Supported by several development partners and $24 million in external resources, the PBB reform is intended to strengthen government capacity to manage aid funds directly and to target assistance to pressing social priorities. This study designed and tested a methodology for measuring implementation progress for PBB reform in the hospital sector in Lesotho. We found that despite some efforts on the national level to promote and support reform implementation, staff at the hospital level were largely unaware of the purpose of the reform and had made almost no progress in transforming institutions and systems to fully realize reform goals. Problems can be traced to a complex reform design, inadequate personnel and capacity to implement, professional boundaries between financial and clinical personnel and weak leadership. The Lesotho reform experience suggests that less complex designs for budget reform, better adapted to the context and realities of health sectors in developing countries, may be needed to improve governance. It also highlights the importance of measuring reform implementation at the sectoral level. PMID:23293099

  13. Local Government Reform Programs and Human Resource Capacity Building in Africa: Evidence from Local Government Authorities (LGAs) in Tanzania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Pallangyo; Christopher J. Rees

    2010-01-01

    The Local Government Reform Program (LGRP) in Tanzania was introduced to improve the access and quality of services provided by Local Government Authorities (LGAs). The main aim of the study is to clarify the practice and impact of Human Resource Capacity Building with reference to the LGRP in Tanzania. The study adopted a three-dimensional framework involving Human Resource Development (HRD),

  14. Corporate governance and incentive contracts: Historical evidence from a legal reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Bayer; Carsten Burhop

    2009-01-01

    This paper proposes to exploit a reform in legal rules of corporate governance to identify contractual incentives from the correlation of executive pay and firm performance. In particular, we refer to a major shift in the legal and institutional environment, the reform of the German joint-stock companies act in 1884. We analyze a sample of executive pay for 46 firms

  15. More and better credit: Housing policy reform in Bolivia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amrita G. Daniere

    1999-01-01

    Access to financing for housing in Third?World countries is in very limited supply and formal?sector housing finance is only available to a small proportion of the (higher?income) urban population. Typically, the great majority of households in developing countries rely entirely on their own savings. Since investment by owner?occupiers is usually three to four times their annual incomes, the inability to

  16. 76 FR 14273 - Government Reform for Competitiveness and Innovation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ...Reform for Competitiveness and Innovation Memorandum for the Heads...competitiveness such as education, innovation, and infrastructure. By...areas as varied as surface transportation to job training, public...American competitiveness and innovation. Now is the time to...

  17. Autonomy and Control: Danish University Reform in the Context of Modern Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Susan; Orberg, Jakob Williams

    2008-01-01

    In 2003 the Danish government reformed universities to "set them free" from the state. Yet ministers are actively trying to shape universities and even set research agendas. How does the government's notion of "freedom" reconcile independence with control? We identify three discourses of freedom: freedom to use academic judgement over what to…

  18. Change of government: one more big bang health care reform in England's National Health Service.

    PubMed

    Hunter, David J

    2011-01-01

    Once again the National Health Service (NHS) in England is undergoing major reform, following the election of a new coalition government keen to reduce the role of the state and cut back on big government. The NHS has been undergoing continuous reform since the 1980s. Yet, despite the significant transaction costs incurred, there is no evidence that the claimed benefits have been achieved. Many of the same problems endure. The reforms follow the direction of change laid down by the last Conservative government in the early 1990s, which the recent Labour government did not overturn despite a commitment to do so. Indeed, under Labour, the NHS was subjected to further market-style changes that have paved the way for the latest round of reform. The article considers the appeal of big bang reform, questions its purpose and value, and critically appraises the nature and extent of the proposed changes in this latest round of reform. It warns that the NHS in its current form may not survive the changes, as they open the way to privatization and a weakening of its public service ethos. PMID:21319727

  19. Testimony before the Science Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics and the Government Reform Subcommittee on Government Management, Finance

    E-print Network

    Christian, Eric

    Testimony before the Science Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics and the Government Reform and Next Steps Statement of The Honorable Robert W. Cobb Inspector General National Aeronautics and Space to discuss financial management at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Office

  20. Reforming College Governance. New Directions for Community Colleges, No. 10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Richard C., Jr., Ed.

    1975-01-01

    The articles presented here reveal the current status of community college governance. Topics discussed are: three models of college governance and their interrelationships; participatory governance in Canada; preparing student, faculty, and administrative leaders to understand basic institutional and individual needs and to operative in…

  1. Public Printing Reform: The Wendell H. Ford Government Publications Reform Act Proposal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Relyea, Harold C.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses recent legal, policy, and technological challenges to the GPO printing system, reviews the reform bill designed to address these problems, and tracks its progress through the legislative system. Highlights include the growth of electronic information; the erosion of supervisory authority of the Public Printer; constitutional challenges;…

  2. Reforming Educational Governance and Management in Egypt: National and International Actors and Dynamics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ginsburg, Mark; Megahed, Nagwa; Elmeski, Mohammed; Tanaka, Nobuyuki

    2010-01-01

    This historical case study examines the rhetoric, action, and outcomes of educational policy reforms in Egypt during the first quarter-century of the presidency of Mohamed Hosni Mubarak. The findings are based on an extensive review of Egyptian government, international organization, and project documents as well as interviews with key…

  3. Pension Reform, Ownership Structure, and Corporate Governance: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luc Laeven

    2008-01-01

    Sweden offers a unique natural experiment to analyze the effects of institutionalized saving on the ownership structure, corporate governance, andfirm performance. The Swedish pen- sion reform increased the stock market participation of pension funds, causing a significant reshuffling in the ownership of pension funds. We show that the effects of institutional investment on firm performance depend on the industry structure

  4. Joint Hearing on Privatizing Government Sponsored Entities (GSEs). Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Training and Life-Long Learning of the Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities and the Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Economic and Educational Opportunities.

    This document is a congressional joint hearing report of a panel discussion exploring issues related to privatization of two government-sponsored entities (GSEs): the Student Loan Marketing Association (Sallie Mae) and the College Construction Loan Insurance Association (Connie Lee). The two issues specifically addressed by the panel were: (1)…

  5. Reversing privatization, rebalancing government reform: Markets, deliberation and planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mildred E. Warner

    2008-01-01

    The last decades of the 20th century witnessed a profound experiment to increase the role of markets in local government service delivery. However, that experiment has failed to deliver adequately on efficiency, equity or voice criteria. This has led to reversals. But this reverse privatization process is not a return to the direct public monopoly delivery model of old. Instead

  6. (Re)form with Substance? Restructuring and governance in the Australian health system 2004/05

    PubMed Central

    Rix, Mark; Owen, Alan; Eagar, Kathy

    2005-01-01

    The Australian health system has been the subject of multiple reviews and reorganisations over the last twenty years or more. The year 2004–2005 was no different. This paper reviews the reforms, (re)structures and governance arrangements in place at both the national and state/territory levels in the last year. At the national level some progress has been made in 2004/05 through the Australian Health Ministers' Council and there is now a national health reform agenda, albeit not a comprehensive one, endorsed by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in June 2005. Quality and safety was an increasing focus in 2004–2005 at both the national and jurisdictional levels, as was the need for workforce reform. Although renewed policy attention was given to the need to better integrate and coordinate health care, there is little evidence of any real progress this last year. More progress was made on a national approach to workforce reform. At the jurisdictional level, the usual rounds of reviews and restructuring occurred in several jurisdictions and, in 2005, they are organisationally very different from each other. The structure and effectiveness of jurisdictional health authorities are now more important. All health authorities are being expected to drive an ambitious set of national and local reforms. At the same time, most have now blurred the boundary between policy and service delivery and are devoting significant resources to centrally 'crisis managing' their service systems. These same reasons led to decentralisation in previous restructuring cycles. While there were many changes in 2004–2005, and a new national report to COAG on health reform is expected at the end of 2005, based on current evidence there is little room for optimism about the prospects for real progress. PMID:16120207

  7. Addressing government and market failures with payment incentives: Hospital reimbursement reform in Hainan, China.

    PubMed

    Yip, Winnie; Eggleston, Karen

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the role of provider payment policy as an instrument for addressing government and market failures and controlling costs in the health sector, particularly in developing countries. We empirically evaluate the impact of provider payment reform in Hainan province, China, on expenditures for different categories of services that had been subject to distorted prices under fee-for-service. Using a pre-post study design with a control group, we analyze two years of claims data to assess the impact of a January 1997 change to prospective payment for a sub-sample of the hospitals. This difference-in-difference empirical strategy allows us to isolate the supply-side payment reform effects from demand-side policy interventions. We find that prepayment is associated with a slower increase in spending on expensive drugs and high technology services, compared to fee-for-service. The fact that payment reform is associated with reduced growth in spending on the most expensive drugs is particularly encouraging, given that drugs account for a remarkably high percentage of both the level and growth of aggregate health expenditure in China. Payment reform can be an effective policy instrument for correcting market failures and adverse side effects of government health sector interventions (such as distorted prices to assure access to basic services), both of which can lead to excessive health care expenditure growth. Such health spending growth can have a particularly high opportunity cost for developing countries. PMID:14604613

  8. Multi local-government under Indonesia’s decentralization reform: The case of Kartamantul (The Greater Yogyakarta)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tommy Firman

    2010-01-01

    This study will discuss the extent to which a locally initiated metropolitan governance institution under Indonesia's decentralization reform has helped to deal with the problems of inter-local government development, using the Kartamantul (Yogyakarta Metropolitan Region) as a case study. It will also draw some lessons learned from the practice of metropolitan governance in the region.The Kartamantul joint secretariat has been

  9. Public Management Reform and Organizational Performance: An Empirical Assessment of the U.K. Labour Government's Public Service Improvement Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Richard M.; Boyne, George A.

    2006-01-01

    We present the first empirical assessment of the U.K. Labour government's program of public management reform. This reform program is based on rational planning, devolution and delegation, flexibility and incentives, and enhanced choice. Measures of these variables are tested against external and internal indicators of organizational performance.…

  10. Using clinical governance levers to support change in a cancer care reform.

    PubMed

    Brault, Isabelle; Denis, Jean-Louis; Sullivan, Terrence James

    2015-01-01

    Purpose - Introducing change is a difficult issue facing all health care systems. The use of various clinical governance levers can facilitate change in health care systems. The purpose of this paper is to define clinical governance levers, and to illustrate their use in a large-scale transformation. Design/methodology/approach - The empirical analysis deals with the in-depth study of a specific case, which is the organizational model for Ontario's cancer sector. The authors used a qualitative research strategy and drew the data from three sources: semi-structured interviews, analysis of documents, and non-participative observations. Findings - From the results, the authors identified three phases and several steps in the reform of cancer services in this province. The authors conclude that a combination of clinical governance levers was used to transform the system. These levers operated at different levels of the system to meet the targeted objectives. Practical implications - To exercise clinical governance, managers need to acquire new competencies. Mobilizing clinical governance levers requires in-depth understanding of the role and scope of clinical governance levers. Originality/value - This study provides a better understanding of clinical governance levers. Clinical governance levers are used to implement an organizational environment that is conducive to developing clinical practice, as well as to act directly on practices to improve quality of care. PMID:26045191

  11. Self-reported health beliefs of government housing tenants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Valerie Clarke; Sally Savage; Barbara Hanna; Helen Cox

    2002-01-01

    Our aim was to provide a description of the self-reported health beliefs of a sample of Victorian public housing tenants, and to identify how gender, age and geographic location relate to these beliefs. Telephone interviews were conducted with a stratified random sample of 360 tenants, asking questions such as what they believe are the major health problems for men and

  12. Key Challenges in the Reform of Governance, Quality Assurance, and Finance in Vietnamese Higher Education--A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dao, Khanh Van

    2015-01-01

    Vietnam's higher education is highly centralized in terms of its governance and management. A couple of higher education reform plans have been introduced over the past decade but they seem to result in poor outcomes. This paper addresses the challenges faced in the areas of governance, quality assurance and finance by a "key" university…

  13. Learning Disabilities and Early Intervention Strategies: How To Reform the Special Education Referral and Identification Process. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning learning disabilities and early intervention strategies, specifically possible reforms of the special education referral and identification process as part of the reauthorization process of the Individuals with Disabilities Education…

  14. Rethinking Special Education: How To Reform the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning reforming the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Highlights of the testimony include: (1) adding accountability measures to IDEA; (2) providing procedural relief without reducing protections for students with…

  15. The Politics of Organizational Reform: An Exploratory Study of the Effects of Corporate Management on Selected Aspects of the Education Service in English Local Government.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Housego, Ian E.

    In 1974 local government in England underwent external and internal reform. The external reforms involved changes in governmental structures and functions, while the internal reforms involved the introduction of "corporate management," a concept stressing more centralized administration and fewer local executive bodies. This paper first traces the…

  16. City Governments and Aging in Place: Community Design, Transportation and Housing Innovation Adoption

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehning, Amanda J.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose of the study: To examine the characteristics associated with city government adoption of community design, housing, and transportation innovations that could benefit older adults. Design and methods: A mixed-methods study with quantitative data collected via online surveys from 62 city planners combined with qualitative data collected via…

  17. Linking Housing and School Integration Policy: What Federal, State and Local Governments Can Do. Issue Brief No. 5

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tegeler, Philip

    2015-01-01

    This Issue Brief states that, in spite of the obvious "reciprocal relationship" between housing and school policy, government housing and education agencies have rarely collaborated to promote the common goals of racial and economic integration. Recent efforts to promote collaboration among housing and school agencies have focused on…

  18. School Violence: What Is Being Done To Combat School Violence? What Should Be Done? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session (May 20, 1999).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House.

    School violence at all levels of education is an issue that Congress has a responsibility to address. By calling together diverse groups from across the Nation, this subcommittee of the House of Representatives worked with federal, state, and local officials to confront a national problem. Statements and letters were received from representatives…

  19. Soviet Mass-Housing In Vilnius: Exploring The Consequences Of The 1955 Housing Reform And The Rebellion Against Architectural Homogenisation 

    E-print Network

    Rimkut?, Kristina

    journal of Soviet Lithuania – Statyba ir Architekt?ra. Most extracts from this publication are presented in this dissertation for the first time in English translation. They serve as valuable insight into the contemporary politics of housing, as they help...

  20. Explaining State Government Administrative Reform - Focusing on Performance-Based Budgeting and State Executive Branch Reorganization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chang-Soo Park

    2003-01-01

    What are the causes of administrative reform? Even though the question is critical in understanding administrative reform efforts and their impacts on administration and society, much remains to be understood about this process. In this dissertation, I will examine the following research question : What accounts for the occurrence of two types of state-level administrative reform - the adoption of

  1. 7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Rural Housing Site Loans C Exhibit C to Subpart G of Part 1822 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...Procedures, and Authorizations Pt. 1822, Subpt. G, Exh. C Exhibit C to Subpart G of Part 1822—Subordination by the Government...

  2. Competition, Corporate Governance, and Regulation in Central Asia: Uzbekistan's Structural Reform Challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harry G. Broadman

    1999-01-01

    May 2000Like many Central Asian republics, Uzbekistan has adopted a gradual, cautious approach in its transition to a market economy. It has had some success attaining macroeconomic stability, but microeconomic reforms have lagged behind. It is time to accelerate structural reform.In Uzbekistan state enterprises are being changed into shareholding companies, and private enterprises account for 45 percent of all registered

  3. United States House of Representatives Committee on Oversight and Government Reform

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    to appear before you again. I appreciate the attention your committee is giving to the vital issues of global leadership in the emerging clean energy economy My comments today will be focused that a low-carbon economy can be achieved while expanding the economy and, in fact, reinvesting significantly

  4. Lessons from the Clinton plan: incremental market reform, not sweeping government control.

    PubMed

    Antos, Joseph

    2008-01-01

    The Clinton health reform attempt in the mid-1990s and the U.S. experience since then suggest some clear lessons for the next U.S. president. Public confidence in a major reform proposal must be won, and congressional support must be garnered, even if the election is a landslide. Insisting on universal coverage as a precondition may undercut the ability to enact other policies needed to improve the health system. Excessive regulation and price controls are likely to exacerbate underlying problems. The next president should take full advantage of market incentives to promote a high-value health system. PMID:18474961

  5. Process and performance based regulation: challenges for regulatory governance and regulatory reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rex Deighton-Smith

    Recent decades have seen a substantial move by regulators in Australia, as in many other OECD countries, to adopt performance based and process-based regulation, in preference to traditional prescriptive regulation. This shift has been actively encouraged by regulatory reformers, who often see it as unambiguously positive in its impact on regulatory quality. However, recent experience increasingly reveals a range of

  6. Constitutional Prospects for the Implementation of Funding and Governance Reforms in Latin American Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernasconi, Andres

    2007-01-01

    The rationale for comprehensive reform of Latin American higher education crystallized in the mid-1990s in policy documents published by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. This "Washington consensus" of the multilateral banks advocated, among other measures, greater reliance on private sources of funding, increased…

  7. 7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...that the benefits of the nonprofit development of the site are being passed on...lien is paid on the Borrower's Rural Housing Site Loan debt to the Government...the Assistant Secretary for Rural Development, 7 CFR 2.70) [41 FR...

  8. 7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...that the benefits of the nonprofit development of the site are being passed on...lien is paid on the Borrower's Rural Housing Site Loan debt to the Government...the Assistant Secretary for Rural Development, 7 CFR 2.70) [41 FR...

  9. 7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...that the benefits of the nonprofit development of the site are being passed on...lien is paid on the Borrower's Rural Housing Site Loan debt to the Government...the Assistant Secretary for Rural Development, 7 CFR 2.70) [41 FR...

  10. 7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart G of... - Subordination by the Government for Use With Rural Housing Site Loans

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...that the benefits of the nonprofit development of the site are being passed on...lien is paid on the Borrower's Rural Housing Site Loan debt to the Government...the Assistant Secretary for Rural Development, 7 CFR 2.70) [41 FR...

  11. The Reauthorization of the Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Commitee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session (February 28, 2002).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    This hearing was held to discuss the reauthorization of the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI) of the U.S. Department of Education, focusing on H.R. 4875, which was introduced in 2000 to reform OERI and institutionalize new standards of quality. H.R. 4875, approved by the House Subcommittee on Education Reform, serves as the…

  12. Prison Reform: How Can the Federal Government Reform Prisons and Jails in the United States? National Debate Topic for High Schools, 1989-1990. Pursuant to Public Law 88-246.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.

    This document compiles materials and bibliographic references to assist national high school debaters in researching the 1989-1990 topic, "How Can the Federal Government Reform Prisons and Jails in the United States?" Materials are organized into a section of general materials and around each of three official debate propositions within the topic:…

  13. Acquisition Reform

    E-print Network

    Sapolsky, Harvey

    This report reviews the six most recent major acquisition reform reports, starting in 1949 with the Hoover Commissions and including McNamara's Total Package Procurement, Fitzhugh Commission, the Commission on Government ...

  14. Tongass Timber Reform Act. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session, May 4, 1988

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    The primary purpose of H.R. 1516, as ordered reported, is to make Forest Service management of the Tongass National Forest in Alaska consistent with the management of the other 155 forests in the National Forest System. The legislation repeals Section 705(a) of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA, P.L. 96-487). Unique and applicable only to the Tongass, Section 705(a) requires that the Forest Service supply timber at the rate of 4.5 billion board feet per decade and establishes a permanent appropriation of at least $40 million annually to be spent on road building and other timber related operations. The legislation also directs the Forest Service to achieve fundamental reforms in two long-term contracts for Tongass timber. Finally, so that land management status can be reviewed for permanent protection in the pending revision of the Tongass Land Management Plan (TLMP), H.R. 1516 establishes a 5-year moratorium on commercial timber harvesting on 1.7 million acres of lands with special fish and wildlife, subsistence, recreation, and other values.

  15. Leveraging non-binding instruments for global health governance: reflections from the Global AIDS Reporting Mechanism for WHO reform.

    PubMed

    Taylor, A L; Alfven, T; Hougendobler, D; Tanaka, S; Buse, K

    2014-02-01

    As countries contend with an increasingly complex global environment with direct implications for population health, the international community is seeking novel mechanisms to incentivize coordinated national and international action towards shared health goals. Binding legal instruments have garnered increasing attention since the World Health Organization adopted its first convention in 2003. This paper seeks to expand the discourse on future global health lawmaking by exploring the potential value of non-binding instruments in global health governance, drawing on the case of the 2001 United Nations General Assembly Special Session Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS. In other realms of international concern ranging from the environment to human rights to arms control, non-binding instruments are increasingly used as effective instruments of international cooperation. The experience of the Global AIDS Reporting Mechanism, established pursuant to the Declaration, evidences that, at times, non-binding legal instruments can offer benefits over slower, more rigid binding legal approaches to governance. The global AIDS response has demonstrated that the use of a non-binding instrument can be remarkably effective in galvanizing increasingly deep commitments, action, reporting compliance and ultimately accountability for results. Based on this case, the authors argued that non-binding instruments deserve serious consideration by the international community for the future of global health governance, including in the context of WHO reform. PMID:24393497

  16. Planning across distance : remote housing and government intervention in Australia's Northern Territory

    E-print Network

    Steyer, Matthew August

    2012-01-01

    At the time of its inception in 2008, the Strategic Indigenous Housing and Infrastructure Program (SIHIP) was the largest indigenous housing program in Australia's history. SIHIP represented a $672million investment by the ...

  17. Educational Governance Reforms: The Uncertain Role of Local School Boards in the United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deborah Land; Sam Stringfield

    In the U.S., local school boards have long played a prominent role in governing public education. States have authority for\\u000a public education via the Tenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, which reserves powers to the states that the Constitution\\u000a does not delegate to the federal government or prohibit states from assuming. In the mid-1800s, states began establishing\\u000a state-wide public school

  18. Striving for transparency and efficiency in e-government: procurement reform through e-procurement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jungwoo Lee; Oh Kang-tak; Hun Yeong Kwon

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on a qualitative research results from a series of focus group meetings of twenty government officers concerning e-procurement system development and implementation. Through a focus group session, three emergent foci concerning the e-Procurement systems were identified from the perspective of public administration. Three emergent foci were: (1) consideration of evolutionary developmental stages of e-Government with information sharing

  19. Web 2.0 Impact on Business Value at a Federal Government Housing Agency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavender, Anthony L.

    2013-01-01

    The idea of Open Government is an extension of the Electronic Government Act of 2002 which addresses the accessibility, usability, and preservation of government information. The concept of Open Government has evolved into the open government directive that mandates Executive Departments and Agencies to become more open and transparent while…

  20. Shaping Health Reform: State Government Influence in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Dinan

    2011-01-01

    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act has significant implications for state governments and its passage presents an opportunity to contribute to inquiries into ways that state officials wield influence in the national legislative process. State officials were occasionally influential when they drew on state experience and expertise and congress members were willing to benefit from this knowledge. State officials

  1. Europeanization in the "Wild East"? Analyzing Higher Education Governance Reform in Georgia and Armenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dobbins, Michael; Khachatryan, Susanna

    2015-01-01

    The authors examine higher education developments in two peripheral post-communist countries--Georgia and Armenia, whose education systems have previously received little attention in the literature. They focus on how both countries' models of higher education governance have evolved through the phase of political transformation and recent…

  2. School Choice and Government Reform: Pillars of an Urban Renaissance. Civic Bulletin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booker, Cory A.

    This paper describes one vision of how to improve urban education, highlighting the Newark, New Jersey, public schools. It discusses the importance of encouraging all students to "reach for the stars" in education and describes the government's role in perpetuating inequitable circumstances. It highlights the importance of emphasizing outcomes…

  3. Positioning as Regional Hub of Higher Education: Changing Governance and Regulatory Reforms in Singapore and Malaysia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mok, Ka Ho

    2008-01-01

    With strong intention to enhance the global competitiveness of their university systems, the Singapore and Malaysia governments have made attempts to develop their societies into regional hubs of education. Specifically, they have invited foreign universities to set up their campuses to offer academic programs or to establish private institutions…

  4. Audit regulatory reform with a refined stakeholder model to enhance corporate governance: Hong Kong evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Philip Law

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – Recent corporate scandals have resulted in a greater focus on business ethics and governance. The purpose of this study is to examine whether the existing audit regulatory framework adequately serves the legitimate interests of stakeholders. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study is the first to collect survey data on audit regulatory issues in the post-Lehman Brothers environment. In total, 190

  5. BBC News: Lords Reform

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1999-01-01

    On January 19, 1999, Tony Blair's government announced the most radical restructuring of the House of Lords, the UK's second chamber, in its 600-year existence. Honoring the Labour Party election manifesto, the Bill will remove all 759 hereditary peers, those with an automatic right to sit by virtue of birthright, within the year. In the meantime, a Royal Commission will formulate proposals for a new upper house and issue a report by December 31, 1999. A fully reformed chamber is expected to be in place by 2002, and in the meantime, publicly nominated "People's Peers" may sit in the Lords in addition to the politically appointed Life Peers. The BBC Special Report outlines this momentous constitutional change in Britain, and offers analysis, commentary, and the latest news.

  6. Freedom House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1941, Freedom House was organized by prominent Americans who were concerned with mounting threats to peace and democracy. Today, as in previous decades, their mission includes promoting "the growth of freedom by encouraging U.S. policymakers, international institutions, and the governments of established democracies to adopt policies that advance human rights and democracy around the world." First-time visitors may wish to begin by looking to the right-hand side of the homepage to the "Around the World" section. Here visitors can learn about the work that the Freedom House organization is doing in other parts of the world, and more importantly, they can read their in-house reports on democratic movements in different countries. Moving along, the left-hand side of the page includes links to their other publications, which include the "Nations In Transit" series. This particular series takes a long view on political reform in the former Communist states of Europe and Eurasia. To really get a full appreciation of the site's contents and scope requires several visits, but it should have no problem holding the attention of public policy types and scholars.

  7. DOE safety reforms. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy and Power of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, July 22, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    The hearing addresses the Department of Energy (DOE) initiatives aimed at improved the health and safety of DOE employees and contractors and to reform DOE contract management. Statements of government officials are included along with documents submitted for the record.

  8. Government public housing health needs assessment: focus on race, ethnicity, and the older adult: background, methods, and demographics.

    PubMed

    Lascher, Steven; Tasir-Rodriguez, Wesley; Moon, Grace; Irizzary, Maria; Baney, Matthew; Kellogg, F Russell

    2013-01-01

    St. Vincent's Catholic Medical Centers of New York initiated a study in 2009 to assess the health needs of residents of New York City (NYC) municipal housing at the Robert Fulton public housing complex in Manhattan. The aim of this project was to provide valid data on perceived health services needs of the residents of a NYC housing project. These data may also be used to support hospital and community collaborative strategic decisions for developing resident-appropriate health and social services and would be valuable for use in formulating policies and programs by other interested nonprofit health and social services organizations and government. We designed a 28-item instrument and pilot tested it with our research team and members of the population under study. The English and Spanish surveys were designed as an in-person surveyor-administered instruments addressing four domains: demographics, access and barriers to health care services, risk behaviors, and perceived health needs. The sampling was an apartment-level stratified random sampling. A 20%, 188 apartment sample was drawn from the population of 944 housing units. Our response rate was 92% (173/188 apartments). Background methods, and demographic results are reported in this article. A second article will report on the needs assessment results. PMID:23930518

  9. IDEA: Focusing on Improving Results for Children with Disabilities. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Eighth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    The U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Education Reform held a hearing on March 13, 2003, to hear testimony on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). This booklet contains the minutes of the hearing. The hearing focused on how IDEA could be improved and on pre-referral intervention. The booklet is divided into the…

  10. Special Education Finance at the Federal, State and Local Levels. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This document presents the transcript of a hearing before the House Subcommittee on Education Reform concerning special education finance at the federal, state, and local levels as part of the reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Highlights of the testimony include: how states are allocating the increased federal aid…

  11. Measuring Success: Using Assessments and Accountability To Raise Student Achievement. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    The Subcommittee on Education Reform of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce met to hear testimony on using assessments and accountability to raise student achievement. Statements were given by: (1) Major Owens, Congressman from New York; (2) Michael Castle, Congressman from Delaware, Committee Chairman; (3) Edward B. Rust, Jr.,…

  12. Systemic Reform, Equity, and School Finance Reform: Essential Policy Linkages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marilyn A. Hirth

    1996-01-01

    There is an unquestionable connection between systemic reform, equity, and school finance reform that requires the attention of educators and policymakers at all levels of government. Instead of disconnected reform initiatives prevalent in the 1980s, the 1990s is the beginning of a new era of educational reform that strives for coordination, integration, and cohesion around a clear set of outcomes.

  13. Governing "Suzhi" and Curriculum Reform in Rural Ethnic China: Viewpoints from the Miao and Dong Communities in Qiandongnan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Jinting

    2012-01-01

    This article examines the uptake of "suzhi"--roughly glossed as "quality"--in China's recent curriculum reform called "suzhi jiaoyu" (Education for Quality) in the rural ethnic context of Qiandongnan. It engages with three layers of analysis. First is a brief etymological overview of "suzhi" to map out its cultural politics in contemporary China.…

  14. District of Columbia Public Schools: While Early Reform Efforts Tackle Critical Management Issues, a District-Wide Strategic Education Plan Would Help Guide Long-Term Efforts. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia, Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, U.S. Senate. GAO-08-549T

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashby, Cornelia M.

    2008-01-01

    In response to long-standing problems with student academic performance, the condition of school facilities, and the overall management of the D.C. public school system, the D.C. Council approved the Public Education Reform Amendment Act of 2007 (Reform Act). The Reform Act made major changes to the operations and governance of the D.C. public…

  15. More than Servants of the State? The Governance of Initial Teacher Preparation in Canada in an Era of School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Jon; Boyd, Karen

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on Gideonse's (1993) distinction between political, institutional, and professional modes of governance, this article examines changes in the governance of initial teacher preparation in Canada over the last three decades. With data collected from a review of provincial documents and key informant interviews, the article uses Quebec,…

  16. Government Regulations and Housing Markets: An Index to Characterize Local Land Use Regulatory Environments for Residential Markets in the Houston - Galveston Area 

    E-print Network

    Estevez Jimenez, Luis

    2012-07-16

    GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS AND HOUSING MARKETS: AN INDEX TO CHARACTERIZE LOCAL LAND USE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS FOR RESIDENTIAL MARKETS IN THE HOUSTON ? GALVESTON AREA A Dissertation by LUIS ESTEVEZ JIMENEZ Submitted to the Office... TO CHARACTERIZE LOCAL LAND USE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS FOR RESIDENTIAL MARKETS IN THE HOUSTON ? GALVESTON AREA A Dissertation by LUIS ESTEVEZ JIMENEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  17. Impact of IRAQI invasion on United States energy and economic security. Hearing before the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second session

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    This document contains the Hearing before the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session, September 5, 1990 on the Impact of Iraqi Invasion on United States Energy and Economic Security. This hearing examines the long-term economic and energy security of the United States in relation to the Persian Gulf crisis and how to reduce our dangerous reliance on an unstable energy supply.

  18. The Diffusion of Governance Reform in American Public Education: An Event History Analysis of State Takeover and Charter School Laws

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Kenneth K.; Langevin, Warren E.

    2005-01-01

    The political tradition of local school governance predates the existence of the United States. Yet the most prominent mechanisms for the exercise of local discretion have evolved considerably from their colonial origins in response to the changing political climate of the nation, constituent demands, and legislative innovation. Recognizing the…

  19. In the National Interest: The Federal Government in the Reform of K-12 Math and Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, New York, NY.

    This report is about the serious shortcomings in U.S. math and science education, and what the federal government can and should do in order to play a much more effective role in the national effort to remedy those shortcomings. The task force responsible for this document believes that math and science education should receive priority attention…

  20. The Balance between Teaching and Research in Dutch and English Universities in the Context of University Governance Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leisyte, Liudvika; Enders, Jurgen; de Boer, Harry

    2009-01-01

    The expectations and demands with respect to teaching and research have been changing for universities due to changes in their institutional environments. Born out of changing national research policies and modern governance arrangements, efficiency, effectiveness and output-oriented cultures have become increasingly important. In this article we…

  1. Leadership Lessons from Comprehensive School Reforms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Joseph, Ed.; Datnow, Amanda, Ed.

    This volume explores the role of leadership in comprehensive school reform (CSR). It consists of 12 chapters: (1) "The Development of Comprehensive School Reform" (Joseph Murphy and Amanda Datnow); (2) "Expeditionary Learning Schools: Tenacity, Leadership, and School Reform" (Greg Farrell); (3) "The Modern Red School House: Leadership in…

  2. Welfare Reform Proposals. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Domestic Marketing, Consumer Relations, and Nutrition of the Committee on Agriculture. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Agriculture.

    This hearing seeks to examine the Family Welfare Reform Act, H.R. 1720, now pending, and determine what changes in the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program and the Food Stamp Program are needed to ensure that the United States has an integrated welfare system. H.R. 1720 includes benefit reforms, a new employment and training…

  3. Campaign Finance Reform

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    de Nie, Michael Willem.

    1997-01-01

    The 1996 US election, which took in more than $260 million in soft money alone, was the most expensive in the nation's history. Long time advocates of campaign finance reform have rallied behind the revised McCain-Feingold proposal which, among other reforms, would ban soft money. However, recent Senate hearings have revealed that the bill does not have the necessary support to pass. The majority of Republican Senators, led by Mitch McConnell, who has pledged to filibuster if necessary, oppose the McCain-Feingold proposal. Recent comments by the Republican leadership in the House reveal that campaign finance reform, as it is currently envisaged, is unlikely to make progress in that chamber either. These sites provide a large number of informative and analytical pieces on campaign finance reform, written from viewpoints across the political spectrum.

  4. Information Dissemination: Innovative Ways Agencies Are Using Technology. Testimony before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Jack L., Jr.

    This testimony discusses ways in which some federal government agencies use technology to provide the public with cheaper, faster access to a wider range of information which can be searched and manipulated in ways never possible on the printed page. Technologies included in the discussion are compact disc-read only memory (CD-ROM), electronic…

  5. Housing Choice Behavior of Urban Workers in China's Transition to a Housing Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuming Fu; David K. Tse; Nan Zhou

    2000-01-01

    Restoring demand for commodity housing is crucial for the success of housing reform in previously centrally planned economies; yet weaning workers away from publicly subsidized housing is a difficult task. Taking advantage of a unique survey, we show that the intention to buy commodity housing by Chinese urban workers is sensitive to various incentives, including housing mismatch, liquidity constraints, risk

  6. The struggle for abortion law reform in Thailand.

    PubMed

    Whittaker, Andrea

    2002-05-01

    In Thailand abortion is against the law except in cases of risk to a woman's health or if the pregnancy is the result of rape or other sexual crimes. This paper presents an overview of the history of the abortion debate in Thailand based upon research conducted from 1997-2001 for an ethnographic and historical study. Information was taken from media reports from 1950 in the Thai and English language press, a review of parliamentary records and interviews with 10 key informants. The debate over legal reform started in 1973. A reform bill was passed in 1981 in the House of Representatives but defeated in the Senate, primarily due to the lobbying efforts of Chamlong Srimuang, the leader of a broad-based religious coalition, who has been central in the anti-reform movement since then. The current democratically elected government in Thailand offers the best hope yet for reform, though abortion remains a politically sensitive issue, sensationalized in the press to counter reform efforts. A new advocacy network has recently been formed, including a range of women's organisations, public health advocates, academics and journalists. Current proposals from governmental and medical profession bodies may make abortions available to some women, but most, who seek abortions due to socio-economic and family planning reasons, will continue to have to find abortions by whatever means they can. PMID:12369331

  7. Effects of housing policies on intra-urban inequality in transitioning China

    E-print Network

    Xu, Yi, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    In the People's Republic of China, housing reform was launched in the 1980s as a component of the overall economic reform. In the 1990s, housing policies, privatization and subsidies combined, were found to contribute to ...

  8. In Egypt, Grand Plans Meet Harsh Realities: As the Government Prepares Reforms for Higher Education, Scholars Worry that Academic Freedom Will Not Improve

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zoepf, Katherine

    2005-01-01

    Despite governmental efforts to reform higher education in Egypt, faculty and students are concerned that academic freedom will remain limited. This article discusses censorship, funding, overcrowding, corruption, and mismanagement in public Egyptian universities.

  9. The Big Ideas behind Whole System Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fullan, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Whole system reform means that every vital part of the system--school, community, district, and government--contributes individually and in concert to forward movement and success, using practice, not research, as the driver of reform. With this in mind, several "big ideas", based on successful implementation, informed Ontario's reform strategy:…

  10. The Stuttgart Reform Concept.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bienert, F.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews curriculum reform being implemented at the Library School of Stuttgart for students planning to work in public libraries. Components of the new curriculum include core courses in library science, electives in special areas of librarianship, seminars in chosen subject disciplines, and field work in libraries and government agencies. (LRW)

  11. Radical Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sexton, Stuart

    1994-01-01

    Discusses school reform efforts in England that were designed to make England's publicly funded schools as attractive as independent schools via government funding. Efforts include enhancing parental choice of schools by removing bureaucratic and administrative restrictions, establishing a national school inspection system to maintain quality, and…

  12. Reformer Fuel Injector

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Suder, Jennifer L.

    2004-01-01

    Today's form of jet engine power comes from what is called a gas turbine engine. This engine is on average 14% efficient and emits great quantities of green house gas carbon dioxide and air pollutants, Le. nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides. The alternate method being researched involves a reformer and a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). Reformers are becoming a popular area of research within the industry scale. NASA Glenn Research Center's approach is based on modifying the large aspects of industry reforming processes into a smaller jet fuel reformer. This process must not only be scaled down in size, but also decrease in weight and increase in efficiency. In comparison to today's method, the Jet A fuel reformer will be more efficient as well as reduce the amount of air pollutants discharged. The intent is to develop a 10kW process that can be used to satisfy the needs of commercial jet engines. Presently, commercial jets use Jet-A fuel, which is a kerosene based hydrocarbon fuel. Hydrocarbon fuels cannot be directly fed into a SOFC for the reason that the high temperature causes it to decompose into solid carbon and Hz. A reforming process converts fuel into hydrogen and supplies it to a fuel cell for power, as well as eliminating sulfur compounds. The SOFC produces electricity by converting H2 and CO2. The reformer contains a catalyst which is used to speed up the reaction rate and overall conversion. An outside company will perform a catalyst screening with our baseline Jet-A fuel to determine the most durable catalyst for this application. Our project team is focusing on the overall research of the reforming process. Eventually we will do a component evaluation on the different reformer designs and catalysts. The current status of the project is the completion of buildup in the test rig and check outs on all equipment and electronic signals to our data system. The objective is to test various reformer designs and catalysts in our test rig to determine the most efficient configuration to incorporate into the specific compact jet he1 reformer test rig. Additional information is included in the original extended abstract.

  13. Managing the Federal Direct Student Loan Program. Hearing before the Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session (June 10, 1993).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    The House Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations met to hear testimony from leaders in government and higher education on managing the federal direct student loan program. Focus was on the Department of Education's plans to correct existing management problems of the Guaranteed Student Loan Program and implement the…

  14. The University Libraries system on the CU-Boulder campus includes five branch libraries--Business, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Math/Physics, and Music--and Norlin Library, housing Archives, Government Publications, Special

    E-print Network

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    Publications, Special Collections, East Asian, and Science libraries. Reference and Instructional ServicesThe University Libraries system on the CU-Boulder campus includes five branch libraries--Business, Earth Sciences, Engineering, Math/Physics, and Music--and Norlin Library, housing Archives, Government

  15. Fuel Cell/Reformers Technology Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center is interested in developing Solid Oxide Fuel Cell for use in aerospace applications. Solid oxide fuel cell requires hydrogen rich feed stream by converting commercial aviation jet fuel in a fuel processing process. The grantee's primary research activities center on designing and constructing a test facility for evaluating injector concepts to provide optimum feeds to fuel processor; collecting and analyzing literature information on fuel processing and desulfurization technologies; establishing industry and academic contacts in related areas; providing technical support to in-house SOFC-based system studies. Fuel processing is a chemical reaction process that requires efficient delivery of reactants to reactor beds for optimum performance, i.e., high conversion efficiency and maximum hydrogen production, and reliable continuous operation. Feed delivery and vaporization quality can be improved by applying NASA's expertise in combustor injector design. A 10 KWe injector rig has been designed, procured, and constructed to provide a tool to employ laser diagnostic capability to evaluate various injector concepts for fuel processing reactor feed delivery application. This injector rig facility is now undergoing mechanical and system check-out with an anticipated actual operation in July 2004. Multiple injector concepts including impinging jet, venturi mixing, discrete jet, will be tested and evaluated with actual fuel mixture compatible with reforming catalyst requirement. Research activities from September 2002 to the closing of this collaborative agreement have been in the following areas: compiling literature information on jet fuel reforming; conducting autothermal reforming catalyst screening; establishing contacts with other government agencies for collaborative research in jet fuel reforming and desulfurization; providing process design basis for the build-up of injector rig facility and individual injector design.

  16. Acquisition Management: Agencies Can Improve Training on New Initiatives. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy, Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    A study assessed strategies agencies use to ensure that their workforces are receiving the training necessary to implement acquisition initiatives. Focus was on the General Services Administration (GSA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and Department of Defense (DOD). Findings indicated that the critical elements important to…

  17. 24 CFR 598.505 - Governments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Governments. 598.505 Section 598.505 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF...

  18. 24 CFR 597.501 - Governments.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Governments. 597.501 Section 597.501 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF...

  19. DUNCAN PRITCHARD Reforming Reformed Epistemology*

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    DUNCAN PRITCHARD Reforming Reformed Epistemology* 0. Introduction There has been a renaissance of interest in the epistemology of religious belief over the last twenty years which has been largely inspired of religious epistemology is a rejection of the supposedly evidentialist assumptions which drive standard

  20. Housing Tenure Choice in Transitional Urban China: A Multilevel Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Youqin Huang; William A. V. Clark

    2002-01-01

    Summary. Using a 1996 national survey of housing in China and a multilevel modelling technique, we examine housing tenure choice in transitional urban China where households have been granted limited freedom of choice in the housing market since the housing reforms of 1988. We é nd that both market mechanisms and institutional forces affect households' tenure choice in urban China.

  1. Distributed Leadership for ICT Reform in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ng, David; Ho, Jeanne

    2012-01-01

    This study examines distributed leadership in Information Communication Technology reform in a government school in Singapore. The study adopts a naturalistic inquiry approach, drawing upon a case study of the aforementioned school for much of its data. The study found that leadership for Information Communication Technology reform is distributed…

  2. Federal Habeas Corpus Reform: The State's Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher E. Smith

    1995-01-01

    Utilizing a national survey of assistant state attorneys general, this article examines the effects of the Rehnquist Court's judicially initiated habeas corpus reforms upon the justice system. Although the Court's initiatives were directed at the branch of government about which the justices presumably possess their greatest knowledge and expertise, the reforms generated unanticipated consequences. Contrary to the justices' goal of

  3. Immigrants, Welfare Reform, and the Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haider, Steven J.; Schoeni, Robert F.; Bao, Yuhua; Danielson, Caroline

    2004-01-01

    The welfare reform bill adopted in the United States in 1996 limited the eligibility of immigrants for several government assistance programs, and early projections estimated that nearly half of the savings associated with the reforms would come from these immigrant restrictions. Several studies have found that subsequent program participation…

  4. Housing for Migrant Agricultural Workers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simons, J. W.; And Others

    Intended to assist the producer in meeting the housing regulations of Federal, state, and local governments for migratory workers and thereby to attract better labor through adequate housing, this agricultural handbook contains discussions of the migrant-labor situation; regulations and standards; general housing considerations (i.e., length of…

  5. Primary care reform: a three country comparison of `budget holding'

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paula Wilton; Richard D. Smith

    1998-01-01

    Governments in most developed nations have been looking to organisational and financial reform of health systems over the last decade. Although the structure and problems of the health care sector in each country may differ, with countries correspondingly adopting different reform agendas, there has been some element of commonality in reforms: that of (managed) competition. Of particular importance in such

  6. Educational Change and the "Khalwa" in the Sudan: Reform Reformed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Patrick D.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Describes Sudan's New Educational Policy, a top-down educational reform plan promulgated by the Nimeiri Government during 1970-85. The plan attempted to increase enrollments dramatically and change a colonial British curriculum to a modern, authentically Sudanese curriculum. Fortunately, the plan ignored the Khalawi, alternative institutions that…

  7. Abstinence Education under Welfare Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ron Haskins; Carol Statuto Bevan

    1997-01-01

    As part of its 1996 welfare reform bill, Congress enacted a $50 million per year program to fund abstinence education. This chapter provides an examination of the legislative history of the program; a discussion of the characteristics of the program, especially the definition of abstinence education; and an account of how the program will be implemented by the federal government

  8. The Role of Democratic Governing Bodies in South African Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karlsson, Jenni

    2002-01-01

    School governance reform in post-apartheid South Africa aimed to democratize schooling while accommodating diverse school histories of underdevelopment or self-management. Analysis of relevant legislation shows the reform was structured to allow representative democracy and partnerships. But two recent studies suggest that governance reforms have…

  9. Healthcare Reform Perspectives of Rural and Urban Hospital Leaders: Issues and Attitudes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard L. Smith

    1994-01-01

    What are the perspectives of rural and urban hospital leaders—administrators, physicians, and board members—regarding healthcare reform? Both groups support substantial reform in healthcare delivery. They agree that changing malpractice and tort laws is one of the leading strategies for reforming healthcare and that reform should be financed by income tax credits or a combination of employer premiums and government taxes.

  10. Slab reformer

    DOEpatents

    Spurrier, F.R.; DeZubay, E.A.; Murray, A.P.; Vidt, E.J.

    1984-02-07

    Slab-shaped high efficiency catalytic reformer configurations are disclosed particularly useful for generation of fuels to be used in fuel cell based generation systems. A plurality of structures forming a generally rectangular peripheral envelope are spaced about one another to form annular regions, an interior annular region containing a catalytic bed and being regeneratively heated on one side by a hot combustion gas and on the other side by the gaseous products of the reformation. An integrally mounted combustor is cooled by impingement of incoming oxidant. 14 figs.

  11. Cost–benefit analysis of reforming Israel's electricity industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Tishler; J. Newman; I. Spekterman; C. K. Woo

    2006-01-01

    In June 2003, the Israeli government decided to reform the Israeli electricity industry, which is currently dominated by Israel electric corporation (IEC), a government-owned vertically integrated electric utility. The first step of the planned reform will be taken in 2006, when IEC will be functionally separated into generation, transmission, local distribution, and customer services. Immediately thereafter will be the second

  12. Land Reform beyond the Reformed Land: A Baseline Study of Unplanned Site Allocations in Brazil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saulo S. Souza; Elisabete A. Silva

    2012-01-01

    This paper brings to light some of the problems deriving from not systematically using regional planning as a strategic governance tool in land reform policy. With concrete examples from land reform sites in Northeast Brazil, we argue that factors leading to suboptimal results include the lack of a suited space for planned conjunct actions as a means to propel broader

  13. What Do We Do about University Governance?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Roger

    2011-01-01

    In a previous paper, this author argued that the present governance arrangements for UK universities and colleges, and in particular the preferred official model for governing bodies, were no longer fit for purpose (if indeed they ever were), and that some fundamental reforms were needed. This paper sets out some reform proposals. The author goes…

  14. Higher Education Reform in Italy: Tightening Regulation Instead of Steering at a Distance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donina, Davide; Meoli, Michele; Paleari, Stefano

    2015-01-01

    In December 2010, a comprehensive reform (Law 240/2010, or "Gelmini reform") changed the institutional governance and internal organization of Italian state universities. This paper investigates the redefinition of the state role in the light of public management reform narratives, linking them to the Governance Equalizer Model to…

  15. Human health and the environment can't wait for reform: current opportunities for the federal government and states to address chemical risks under the Toxic Substances Control Act.

    PubMed

    Trevisan, Lauren

    2011-01-01

    Expressing its concern about growing rates of cancer and other diseases, coupled with the lack of data about the effect of the thousands of chemicals used in U.S. society, in 1976 Congress enacted the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Congress intended for TSCA to shed new light on chemical risks and provide the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with a set of tools to address those risks and protect human health and the environment. In the years since TSCA's passage, the procedural hurdles and the difficult-to-meet legal standards built into the statute, along with a court decision rejecting EPA's use of its authority to ban dangerous chemicals, have impeded EPA's ability to regulate chemical use and manufacture. This Comment argues that both the EPA and state governments have the authority to act now to address the risks posed by dangerous chemicals. By utilizing certain sections of the statute in new and aggressive ways, EPA can effectively address chemical risks. Further, this Comment argues that TSCA's preemption provision affords states leeway to continue to regulate the use of chemicals within their borders. Though reform of TSCA is necessary, EPA and states can effectively protect against chemical risks in the near-term by using the full extent of their authority under the current law. PMID:25335197

  16. Information Resources. Summary of Federal Agencies' Information Resources Management Problems. Fact Sheet for the Chairman, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Information Management and Technology Div.

    Even though the effective use of information resources is critical to government operations, reports of studies by the Information Management and Technology (IMTEC) Division of the General Accounting Office have shown that agencies have frequently had problems in managing these resources. At the request of the Committee on Government Operations of…

  17. An investigation into the use of REITs to finance affordable housing in Mainland China

    E-print Network

    Huang, Yuxuan, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    Mainland China's system of affordable housing provides housing for low and medium income groups. Housing for sale and housing for rent give residents two choices and also give two choices for municipal governments to provide ...

  18. Teaching Reform and Union Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerchner, Charles T.; Mitchell, Douglas E.

    1986-01-01

    Reviews present labor statutes and examines three alternatives to current practices; proposes that teaching, by its nature, is not well administered by industrial standards or well adjudicated through industrial unionism. Suggests "professional unionism" as a means of effecting educational reform. (DR)

  19. Procurement: National Institute of Education's Procurement Practices. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Relations and Human Resources, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

    This document comprises the General Accounting Office's (GAO) report to the House Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Relations concerning the GAO's review of the contract awarding process of the National Institute of Education (NIE) for fiscal year 1983. The review focused on 39 of NIE's 52 newly negotiated procurement contracts; a sample of…

  20. Yeperenye Dreaming in Conceptual, Geographical, and Cyberspace: A Participatory Action Research Approach to Address Local Governance Within an Australian Indigenous Housing Association

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet McIntyre

    2003-01-01

    This paper discusses work in progress with an Indigenous housing association in Central Australia. It builds on and extends a 2-year policy and planning project that identified the need for systemic intervention across organizations at the local level. Engagement is with individuals and groups within the local context of organizations, but the context is shaped by local and global challenges.

  1. Sources of migrant housing disadvantage in urban China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Weiping Wu

    2004-01-01

    The increasing level of labor mobility in China challenges the current population-management structure. In particular, recent reforms in urban housing provision seem largely to overlook the needs of the migrant population. In this paper I examine the sources of migrant housing disadvantage in cities. Specifically, I analyze the institutional and socioeconomic factors underlying migrant housing choice and conditions, and how

  2. Housing inequality in urban China in the 1990s

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John R. Logan; Yanjie Bian; Fuqin Bian

    1999-01-01

    Access to housing of sufficient space and quality has been a central element in social stratification in urban China. We examine the sources of housing inequality in 1993 in Shanghai and Tianjin, when a market reform process had been underway in the national economy for nearly fifteen years. The Chinese housing allocation system favors people with political position and connections,

  3. Rural Education Reform: The Consultation Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulcahy, Dennis M.

    On September 10, 1996, the government of Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada) announced that public consultation on education reform would begin on September 16. Just prior to the first hearing, the government circulated a document entitled "Structuring the Education System: A Public Consultation Paper for Educational Change in Newfoundland and…

  4. Reforming Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donmoyer, Robert, Ed.; Merryfield, Merry M., Ed.

    1995-01-01

    This theme issue highlights the diversity of reform initiatives in order to provide a deep understanding of the complexities associated with educational reform in general and the reform of science education in particular. Systemic reform initiatives at the national and state levels along with locally-inspired efforts at reform are outlined.…

  5. Community Development Corporations and Welfare Reform: Linkages, Roles, and Impacts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, David J.; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Schill, Michael H.

    This study examined the impact of welfare reform on housing owned by community development corporations (CDCs), investigating how early implementation of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) affected the financial status of CDCs' affordable housing developments. Five types of financial impacts were…

  6. Subnational governments in a stabilization program: lessons learned in Argentina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Vetter; Cecilia Zanetta

    2000-01-01

    Autonomous subnational governments pose a serious challenge to national stabilization strategies. As illustrated by the case of Argentina, fiscal reforms that have been successfuly implemented at the national level have proved to be much harder to induce among subnational governments. Provincial reform is still largely pending and provincial governments continue to generate large public deficits, posing a threat to the

  7. Physician payments under health care reform.

    PubMed

    Dunn, Abe; Shapiro, Adam Hale

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the impact of major health insurance reform on payments made in the health care sector. We study the prices of services paid to physicians in the privately insured market during the Massachusetts health care reform. The reform increased the number of insured individuals as well as introduced an online marketplace where insurers compete. We estimate that, over the reform period, physician payments increased at least 11 percentage points relative to control areas. Payment increases began around the time legislation passed the House and Senate-the period in which their was a high probability of the bill eventually becoming law. This result is consistent with fixed-duration payment contracts being negotiated in anticipation of future demand and competition. PMID:25497755

  8. Strategies for Higher Education Reform in Thailand

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nattavud Pimpa

    \\u000a This chapter focuses on issues of higher education reform strategies in Thailand\\u000a \\u000a during the post-economic crisis period (1997–2007). The Thai Government\\u000a \\u000a attests five key reform policies in teaching and learning, finance, human resources, research, and administration. When examining\\u000a governmental policies and actions, educational law, and educational strategies from the Thai Ministry of Education, it is\\u000a evident the implementation of reform

  9. Federal Information Dissemination Policies and Practices: Hearings before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives. One Hundred First Congress, First Session, April 18, May 23, and July 11, 1989.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    Three hearings were held in order to conduct a comprehensive review of the issues, problems, and activities affecting the public availability of government information. It is noted that new information technologies, particularly electronic formats and telecommunications, are forcing the reconsideration of the flow of information from the Federal…

  10. Information Management: Criteria for Assessing Agency Performance Are Limited. Briefing Report to the Chairman, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    This report documents the findings of an evaluation of the effectiveness of the information resources management aspects of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Public Law 96-511) which went into effect on April 1, 1981. (This law was enacted as a result of concerns that the government must improve its collection, use, and dissemination of…

  11. Governance and Institutional Autonomy: Governing and Governance in Portuguese Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magalhaes, Antonio; Veiga, Amelia; Ribeiro, Filipa; Amaral, Alberto

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims at looking at governance instruments beyond managerial technicality. It intends to do so by analysing the impact of governance reforms on the universities autonomy assumed as a regulation instrument to politically steer systems and institutions. The regulation efforts undertaken at the European and national levels reflect a trend…

  12. The Department of Defense`s Chemical Weapons Destruction Program. Hearing before the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, June 16, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    The House hearing before the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee addressed the Department of Defense`s Chemical Weapons destruction program. The hearing focussed on the Department of Army`s program to destroy its stockpile of lethal chemical weapons located at eight locations in the United States and on Johnston Atoll in the Pacific. This program has been plaqued with continued delays, procedural shortcuts, and enormous cost overruns. In 1985, Congress directed the Army to destry the U.S. chemical weapons stockpile by 1995. Included is the General Accounting Office testimony on: Chemical Weapons Destruction: Issues related to environmental permitting and testing experience. Statements of Federal and State government officials and industry officials, along with statements and documents submitted for the record by environmental associations are included.

  13. Military satellite communications: Opportunity to save billions of dollars. Report to the Chairman, Legislation, and National Security Subcommittee, Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1993-07-01

    During the past several years, the Congress has been critical of DOD's management of satellite communications-a primary concern being high costs. In August 1989, the House Appropriations Committee expressed concern that DOD's satellite communications architecture was in a state of disarray. It directed DOD to provide a comprehensive plan, defining all satellite communications requirements and potential solutions to meet the requirements within realistic resource levels. In October 1990, during deliberations on the fiscal year 1991 defense appropriations bill, the conference committee expressed dissatisfaction with the plan that DOD had provided in March 1990. The committee was concerned about the lack of a comprehensive architecture and directed DOD to submit a clear and affordable plan with the fiscal year 1992 defense budget request.

  14. Health Care Reform: How Do Women, Children, and Teens Fare? Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

    Testimony of a hearing on health care reform, especially as it relates to women, children, and adolescents, is presented in this document. Statements and/or materials by these Representatives is included: Bill Barrett, Matthew Martinez, Mike Bilirakis, and Patricia Schroeder. Testimony and/or prepared statements and materials are included from…

  15. The Federal Role in K-12 Mathematics Reform. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Youth and Families of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (February 2, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

    This hearing focuses on the federal role in K-12 mathematics reform. Prepared statements are provided from: Michael N. Castle, Chairman, Subcommittee on Early Childhood Youth, and Families; Dale E. Kildee, Ranking Member, Subcommittee on Early Childhood Youth, and Families; Howard P. "Buck" Mckeon, Chairman, Subcommittee on Postsecondary…

  16. Title 44-Is Long Overdue Reform at Hand?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernon, Peter; Dugan, Robert E.

    1998-01-01

    Analyzes aspects of proposed federal legislation which is attempting to reform portions of Title 44, "United States Code". Senate bill S.2288 charges the Government Printing Office (GPO) with responsibility for government printing, procurement, and dissemination. Includes a definition of government publication, GPO's depository-library program,…

  17. Synthetic Fuels Corporation oversight. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, first session February 19, 1981

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    John McAtee, Jr., General Counsel for the Synthetic Fuels Corporation (SFC), was the principal witness at a February 19, 1981 hearing to review whether the SFC is following Congressional intent. Evidence from preliminary monitoring indicates that the SFC has already deviated in the areas of salaries and fringe benefits, compliance with public meeting requirements, responses to the Ethics in Government Act, the handling of patent rights and small business involvement, and the financial support of synfuel commercialization. Mr. McAtee and other representative of SFC responded to these concerns in their statements and with other materials submitted for the record. (DCK)

  18. Subsoil Law Reform in Russia under the Putin Administration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuko Adachi

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the political economy of subsoil law reform under the Putin administration. Despite repeated promises of imminent reform, the overhaul of the main legal basis governing some of the most important sectors of the Russian economy was subjected to repeated delays during the eight years of Putin's presidency. This article shows that the interaction of three major influences—the

  19. Why Most Developing Countries Should Not Try New Zealand's Reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allen Schick

    1998-01-01

    During the past decade New Zealand has introduced far-reaching reforms in the structure and operation of government departments and agencies. This model has attracted interest in developing countries because it promises significant gains in operational efficiency. But developing countries, which are dominated by informal markets, are risky candidates for applying the New Zealand model. The author suggests that basic reforms

  20. Primary English Curriculum Reform in Beijing Zehang Chen 1

    E-print Network

    Fujimoto, Hiroshi

    Primary English Curriculum Reform in Beijing Zehang Chen 1 , Lingdi Shen2 1 School of Foreign of the Beijing government's policy and implementation on primary English curriculum reform. TEYL in Beijing of teaching and learning between urban and rural areas due to shortage of qualified teachers and high quality

  1. Education Reform, Race, and Politics in Bahia, Brazil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernd Reiter

    2008-01-01

    This article discusses the main findings and conclusions from my field research evaluating education reform in the state of Bahia, Brazil. Data collection was done during two exploratory research trips to Salvador, the state capital, in 2001 and in 2005. The Bahian Education Reform, initiated by the state government in 1999 and funded to a great extent by the World

  2. Australian Curriculum Reform II: Health and Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    It is implied by governing organizations that Australia is presently experiencing its first national curriculum reform, when as the title suggests it is the second. However, until now Australian states and territories have been responsible for the education curriculum delivered within schools. The present national curriculum reform promises one…

  3. Ireland House Scotland House

    E-print Network

    Wesley House Catholic Campus Ministry Lot 1 Lot 8 Lot 5 Lot 9Lot 6 Lot 33 Lot 11 Lot 16 Lot 28 Lot 56 Lot 37 Lot 18 Lot 47 Lot V1 Lot V2 Lot V3 Constant Center South Garage (C) Lot 19 Lot 29 Lot 58 Lot L Lot G Lot 38 Lot 10 Lot 44 Lot 49 Lot 32 Lot 43 Lot 41 Lot 35 Lot 34 43rd Street evAnatahwoP Lot 57 49th

  4. Governing Public Universities in Arab Countries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ElObeidy, Ahmed A.

    2014-01-01

    Traditionally in Arab public universities, presidents are appointed by government authorities. Recently, in uprising Arab countries universities' presidents have been elected by universities' faculty members. Neither traditional nor self-governance pattern succeeded to modernise Arab universities. Reforming patterns of governance is…

  5. Monastic Governance: Forgotten Prospects for Public Institutions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emil Inauen; Katja Rost; Bruno S. Frey; Fabian Homberg; Margit Osterloh

    2010-01-01

    To overcome agency problems, public sector reforms started to introduce businesslike incentive structures to motivate public officials. By neglecting internal behavioral incentives, however, these reforms often do not reach their stated goals. This research analyzes the governance structure of Benedictine monasteries to gain new insights into solving agency problems in public institutions. A comparison is useful because members of both

  6. Health Reform.online: Health Sector Reform, Health Economics and Sustainable Financing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The World Bank's Economic Development Institute has recently developed Health Reform.online to provide distance education opportunities for those interested in "health sector reform, health economics or sustainable financing." The site will house educational modules based on EDI's Health Sector Reform and Sustainable Financing training program. The first module, "Introduction to the concepts and analytical tools of health sector reform and financing," includes lessons, case studies, interactive exercises, suggested readings, an extensive glossary, and a course outline. Future EDI training opportunities will be announced at the site. A Library section allows browsing and searching of abstracts or the full-text of over 500,000 pages of World Bank health documents on health projects in developing countries. Note, to view the full-text documents, users will need to download the Prizm plug-in, available at the site. EDI plans to add links to regional partner institute Websites and courses, in the future.

  7. Setting Things Right? Swedish Upper Secondary School Reform in a 40-Year Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundahl, Lisbeth; Arreman, Inger Erixon; Lundstrom, Ulf; Ronnberg, Linda

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses reforms addressing and affecting the curriculum and organisation of Swedish upper secondary education over 40 years, up to an initiative by the present non-socialist government. The aim is to analyse the current reform of upper secondary education and relate it to previous reforms during a 40-year period in terms of…

  8. Fantasies of Empowerment: Mapping Neoliberal Discourse in the Coalition Government's Schools Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Adam

    2012-01-01

    The swift nature of school reform enacted by the new Conservative-led coalition government has sparked debate over the future of state education in Britain. While the government rhetoric suggests a decisive break with past policies, there is evidence to suggest that these reforms constitute the next stage of a long revolution in education reform,…

  9. University of Florida Student Government

    E-print Network

    Roy, Subrata

    University of Florida Student Government Senate (Legislative Branch) Senate President and Senate President Pro- Tempore Student Senators Fall Senators (50) Beaty Broward Family Housing Graham Hume Jennings SGP STAAR Supervisor of Elections Executive Directors Chomp the Vote Nightlife Navigators Student

  10. Reforming the World Bank: from social?liberalism to neo?liberalism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Girdwood

    2007-01-01

    Using an analytics of government perspective, it is argued that neo?liberalism as an art of government, especially its form as North American advanced liberal political reason, has shaped enterprise governance and managerial reform at the World Bank. With a focus on the World Bank as a financial banking enterprise, the article explores questions of power, governance and liberal government in

  11. The politics of health care reform in the United States, 1992-1994: a historical review.

    PubMed

    Navarro, V

    1995-01-01

    In an analysis of the sociopolitical context of the debate on health care reform in the United States, the author focuses on the political events that led to the election of a Democratic administration in 1992; the evolution of the White House task force on health care reform and the interests and positions it represented; the connection between economic and political power in the United States; and the reasons for the defeat of the health care reform proposal. This historical analysis questions some of the dominant interpretations of the failure to reform health care, which assume that the U.S. population was not yet ready for these reforms. PMID:7622313

  12. Reauthorization of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Select Education of the Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives, 97th Congress, First Session on H.R. 2318 to Reauthorize the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act (Washington, DC, March 9 and 12, 1981).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    The document contains the transcript of the congressional hearings on H.R. 2318 to extend authorizations of appropriations for programs established in the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act and the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment and Adoption Reform Act of 1978. Among the individuals presenting statements are the following: A. Cohn on…

  13. PCB disposal: is EPA doing its job. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session, April 6, 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-01-01

    In this hearing, the Subcommittee continued its review of the Environmental Protection Agency's regulation of polychlorinated biphenyls, commonly known as PCBs. It examines the activities of PCB disposal companies and the efforts by EPA to assure that such companies are operating in compliance with the law. Due to major health concerns and the chemical's natural persistence in the environment, in 1976 Congress banned further manufacture of PCBs and required EPA to establish regulations governing its disposal. Subsequent regulations promulgated by EPA also included deadlines by which certain PCB capacitors and transformers would be removed from service. In 1983, this subcommittee questioned the Dept. of Defense about shortcomings in its PCB management program that allowed contractors to routinely falsify documents and dump PCB oil illegally. Whether DOD has taken adequate measures to protect against similar practices is reviewed. Statements of 5 witnesses, including John Doe, a former employee of a PCB processing firm, PCB Inc., are included, as well as numerous letters, statements, etc. were submitted for the record.

  14. The failure of immigration reform in Germany

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Imke Kruse; Henry Edward Orren; Steffen Angenendt

    2003-01-01

    After many years without substantial activity in immigration policy, the German Red–Green government which came to power in 1998 introduced an American-style Green Card and a new citizenship law. From these beginnings, the immigration reform campaign captured the public imagination, and for two years a broad spectrum of figures from German public life took part in a lively debate on

  15. The Far Side of Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hargreaves, Andy; Shirley, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    "Teachers are at the far end of educational reform." Apart from students and parents, they are often the very last to be consulted about and connected to agendas of what changes are needed in education, and of how those changes should be managed. Educational change is something that government departments, venture philanthropists,…

  16. The Faculty's Role in Reforming College Sports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Earl, James W.

    2004-01-01

    Last fall, the author addressed the AAUP's 2003 governance conference about a faculty-led initiative to reform college sports. The Coalition on Intercollegiate Athletics (COIA) grew out of a meeting one afternoon in the student union at the University of Oregon among a few senior professors who had recently been appointed to the faculty senate.…

  17. RCRA Cleanup Reforms

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Concerns over the progress in Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) cleanup efforts since 1984 have prompted the Environmental Protection Agency to publish "RCRA Cleanup Reforms," which describes the implementation process of these administrative reforms.

  18. 32 CFR 644.417 - For MCA family housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Easement Interests § 644.417 For MCA family housing. The Act of 1 September 1954...Government-owned lands, or otherwise, for “Military Construction-Army Family Housing at Military Installations and...

  19. Californians and Immigration Reform

    E-print Network

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    June 2013 Californians and Immigration Reform Alternatives Jack Citrin Morris Levy Gabriel Lenz about immigration reform remains a com- plex subject," said IGS Director Jack Citrin, who led the re IGS Survey, June 2013 Californians and Immigration Reform Alternatives2 Citrin, who developed

  20. Governance of Governance in Higher Education: Practices and Lessons Drawn from the Portuguese Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magalhaes, Antonio; Veiga, Amelia; Amaral, Alberto; Sousa, Sofia; Ribeiro, Filipa

    2013-01-01

    The implementation of the governance reform of Portuguese higher education has been developed under the influence of "new public management" resulting in the loss of collegial governance. Additionally, the need for meta-governance of the higher education system and institutions to monitor institutional performance against policy…

  1. The New Institutional Governance of Italian State Universities: What Role for the New Governing Bodies?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donina, Davide; Meoli, Michele; Paleari, Stefano

    2015-01-01

    In 2010, a comprehensive reform required Italian state universities to restructure their institutional governance by revising their statutes. This interpretative paper aims to evaluate whether the Italian reform is congruent with its declarations, examine the variations in the implementation within the same country of a unitary national regulation…

  2. Houses of the Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    If one were to showcase new housing technologies and innovative designs in Australia, it wouldn't be a bad idea to place such an exhibit next to one of the most instantly recognizable structures in the world. Well, that is precisely what the Australian government (in collaboration with private industry groups) did when they placed this remarkable "Houses of the Future" exhibition next to the Sydney Opera House. While the exhibit has since moved on to a new location, visitors who are curious about the future of the built environment (particularly in terms of domestic architecture and construction) will enjoy this interactive website. The website features six homes that are part of a "new generation of prefabricated dwellings emerging around the globe". The requirements for each new housing type were that they be prefabricated for easy transportation, environmentally sustainable, designed by an architect, and "futuristic in appearance and use of domestic space". On the site, visitors may look within each house, all the while learning about each structure's historical precedents, environmental features, and of course, its architects. For those interested in the potential of domestic architecture, this website will be quite a treat.

  3. A room of one's own: housing consumption and residential crowding in transitional urban China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Youqin Huang

    2003-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to evaluate the level and examine the dynamics of housing consumption and residential crowding in urban China almost a decade after the housing reform was launched. I argue that housing consumption and residential crowding are affected not only by demographic and socioeconomic factors, as they are in market economies, but also by institutional factors

  4. Housing intermediary services in China: the rise and fall of ‘ Fang Wu Yin Hang ’

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bo-Sin Tang; Anne Haila; Siu-Wai Wong

    2006-01-01

    Housing reforms in China are often conceived to have engendered a gradual shift towards a market system. New institutions have been introduced to enable decentralized, monetarized and privatized allocation of housing units. This study explores the emergence, growth and downfall of an intermediary service (known as ‘fang wu yin hang’) created spontaneously by real estate agents to facilitate housing transactions

  5. Cycles of Crisis and Regulation: the enduring agency and stewardship problems of corporate governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Clarke

    2004-01-01

    Corporate governance crisis and reform is essentially cyclical. Waves of corporate governance reform and increased regulation occur during periods of recession, corporate collapse and re-examination of the viability of regulatory systems. During long periods of expansion, active interest in the conformance aspects of governance diminishes, as companies and shareholders become again more concerned with the generation of wealth, rather than

  6. Housing Association of the Delaware Valley Photographs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    In 1909, concerned Philadelphians and reformers looked around their fair city, and saw terrible slum conditions. That very year, the Philadelphia Housing Commission was formed, and over the years they would lobby to create a comprehensive housing code. In 1915, the enforcement of this code began, and the organization later became the Housing Association of the Delaware Valley. Their photographic archive became part of the collections at the Temple University Libraries. Recently, staff members there digitized over 3,100 photographs that document housing interiors, exteriors, streets, privy vaults, housing projects, and sanitation conditions from 1897 to 1972. Visitors can search the complete archive by keyword, or they can just browse around as they see fit. As a whole, the collection documents the story of Philadelphia's 20th century experience, and the images are quite eye opening.

  7. The Reform Agenda for Madrasah Education in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Charlene

    2009-01-01

    As governments in many countries review their education systems to optimise their human capital in an age of globalisation, religious schools such as madrasahs (Islamic or Muslim schools) have also come under state scrutiny. This article examines the Singapore government's reform agenda for madrasah education in the country. It argues that the…

  8. U.S. Withdraws from Education Reform in Iraq

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zehr, Mary Ann

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the withdrawal of the United States government from educational reform in Iraq. It has however, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, awarded a two-year National Capacity Development contract, which is aimed at helping Iraq's government ministries to function better. This article discusses how security…

  9. Education Reformer: Robert J. Marzano. Models for Education Reform, Part 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan

    2012-01-01

    Frederick M. Hess, director of education policy studies at the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy think tank in Washington, D.C., and Linda Darling-Hammond, a professor of education at Stanford University, wrote in "How to Rescue Education Reform" in The New York Times on December 5 that the federal government can and should play a…

  10. H. R. 4255: This Act may be cited as the Wetlands Reform Act of 1992, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, February 19, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on February 19, 1992 to amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act for the protection of wetlands. One of the key elements of the bill revolves around the expansion of scope and clarification of the permit program and its effects on wetlands. Additional sections address the following: exemptions for agriculture and other activities; rulemaking on prior converted wetlands; citizen suits amendments; improvement of administration of wetlands permitting; study of wetlands delineation; and wetlands restoration pilot program.

  11. Symposium: Governing Boards--Raising Consciousness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Questions, 2007

    2007-01-01

    "What Works in Higher Education Reform: A Report from the Front," the twelfth annual national conference of the National Association of Scholars, took place November 17-19, 2006, in Cambridge, Massachusetts. One panel, "Governing Boards: Raising Consciousness," examined the role governing boards do and can play in raising awareness on campus and…

  12. A genealogy of the government of poverty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dean Mitchell

    1992-01-01

    This paper contributes to a genealogy of the discourses and government of poverty. It offers a statement of what might be understood bya genealogical perspective and method, and then focuses on the emergence of a ‘liberal mode of government’ of poverty in the early nineteenth century, of which the reformed poor law in England is emblematic but not exhaustive. The

  13. E-government in the informational economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    LEONOVA Tatiana

    2009-01-01

    In the end of the 20th century the governments of many countries faced the necessity of reforming the classical models of the government which appeared inconsistent with the emerging informatization of the society. Experts of the World Bank recognize the following problems to be common for the majority of the countries: (1) growth of cumulative employment and expenses on wages

  14. Families Hardest Hit: Effects of Welfare Reform on Homeless Families.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dworkin, Julie

    This report presents data from 1999 surveys of people living in Chicago shelters and warming centers for families with children. The surveys asked about the impacts of welfare reform on respondents' lives. Researchers also surveyed housing and food assistance agencies, shelters, and other social service agencies. Of 481 families surveyed, 44…

  15. House Warming

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Twin Cities Public Television

    2013-01-01

    In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

  16. "Governance" or "Governing"?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leslie, David

    This paper draws on four perspectives on power and its exercise in organizations to analyze the practice of governing colleges and universities. The exploration uses political theories (particularly those assessing the legitimacy and effectiveness of stable political entities), leadership studies, analyses of how formal and informal organizations…

  17. Jane Addams Hull House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Located on the campus of the University of Illinois at Chicago in the Windy City�s West Side, the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum serves as "a dynamic memorial to social reformer Jane Addams." Addams was the first woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize and she worked to transform the lives of immigrants and others through her social service work. Visitors to the site can look through four primary areas: Home, Learn, Program & Events, and Museum. These formal areas contain key materials about the House's activities, and visitors should also look through over areas like Stories as Resistance, How Do We Build Peace and Create More Justice in Chicago?, and Chicago Amplified. One key area is Immigrant City-Chicago, which brings together 94 works that respond to the topic of immigration. Visitors can view poems and works of art around themes such as Our Home and Solidarity. Additionally, the site also contains the Women's History Bus Tour, which is a pdf guidebook that focuses on "women's imprint on the social fabric and life found on the Near West Side and in Pilsen."

  18. Maintaining a Level Playing Field for DC Graduates: Legislation to Reauthorize the DC College Access Act. Hearing before the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eighth Congress, Second Session (March 25, 2004) Serial No. 108-172

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US House of Representatives, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This hearing was convened to discuss the reauthorization of the District of Columbia Tuition Assistance Grant Program. The purpose of the hearing was to highlight the tremendous impact the tuition assistance program has had on promoting higher education for high school graduates in the Nation's Capital. The original aim of the program in 1999 was…

  19. D.C. Public School 1997 Repair Program and Facilities Master Plan. Hearing before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives. One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

    A Congressional hearing dealt with issues related to the repair program and facilities master plan of the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS). Opening remarks by Representative Thomas M. Davis outlined his concern over the delayed opening of the DCPS in the fall of 1997 because of uncompleted roof repairs, and the results from a performance…

  20. Drug Testing in Schools: An Effective Deterrent? Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (May 30, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This document presents testimonies from a hearing discussing the drug threat in the nations schools and the issue of whether drug testing is an effective deterrent. The subcommittee conducted the hearing as part of an effort to fully understand the nations drug crisis, how it impacts different parts of our nation, and what effective drug control…

  1. Effectiveness of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources of the Committee on Government Reform. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (July 11, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform.

    This hearing focuses on the evaluation of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign. Specifically, the subcommittee was interested in measuring whether significant taxpayer investment has been effective in accomplishing the objectives of the campaign-- reaching the target audience, changing young peoples attitudes about drugs, encouraging…

  2. Oversight on the Academic Plan for the District of Columbia Public Schools. Hearing before the Subcommittee on the District of Columbia of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives. One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

    The relationships between improvements to facilities and accurate enrollment counts and an academic plan for the District of Columbia public schools were explored in a hearing that was part of a series on the D.C. public schools. Representative Thomas Davis (Virginia) spoke of the progress being made in improving the D.C. schools and the great…

  3. Job Training that Works. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight.

    This document reports the oral and written testimony submitted at a Congressional hearing on how job training works--how effective employment training programs succeed and how that success is measured. The hearing was based on a General Accounting Office study that found four hallmarks of effective job training: individual commitment, removal of…

  4. The Rhetoric of a Reform: The Construction of "Public", "Management" and the "New" in Norwegian Education Reforms of the 1990s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trippestad, Tom Are

    2011-01-01

    This article presents a critical rhetorical analysis of the governing and reform ideology of the Norwegian school system of the 1990s. It uses Karl Popper's "The Open Society and its Enemies" as a critical resource in the reading of the reforms, and discusses some of the consequences of the regime's models of leadership and public management for…

  5. Where does the insurance industry stand on health reform today?

    PubMed

    Bodaken, Bruce G

    2008-01-01

    With another national health care debate on the horizon, many assume that health plans will present a major source of opposition to universal coverage and other reforms. But a closer look reveals signs of change. Some plans continue their reflexive opposition to increasing government's role in health care; other plans have stepped forward to advocate meaningful reform. Experience in Massachusetts, California, Minnesota, and elsewhere suggests a clear lesson for policymakers. Sensible proposals and a genuine commitment to cooperation can not only neutralize opposition from a potentially powerful opponent, but can actually bring health plans on board to support coverage mandates, guaranteed issue, and other reforms. PMID:18474954

  6. Proposals for legal reform in the coronial process 3.

    PubMed

    Griffith, Richard; Tengnah, Cassam

    2008-04-01

    In the final article reviewing the role and function of the coronial service Richard Griffith and Cassam Tengnah consider the proposals for reforming the system to take account of the recommendations of the Shipman Inquiry and the Bristol Royal Infirmary Inquiry. The Government's proposals are in the form of a Draft Bill that allows district nurses to consider the impact of the reforms on their practice and provides an opportunity to contribute to the debate on reform before it is presented to parliament. PMID:18595312

  7. Vulnerability of rural hospitals to Medicare outpatient payment reform.

    PubMed

    Mohr, P E; Franco, S J; Blanchfield, B B; Cheng, C M; Evans, W N

    1999-01-01

    Because the Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 requires implementation of a Medicare prospective payment system (PPS) for hospital outpatient services, the authors evaluated the potential impact of outpatient PPS on rural hospitals. Areas examined include: (1) How dependent are rural hospitals on outpatient revenue? (2) Are they more likely than urban hospitals to be vulnerable to payment reform? (3) What types of rural hospitals will be most vulnerable to reform? Using Medicare cost report data, the authors found that small size and government ownership are more common among rural than urban hospitals and are the most important determinants of vulnerability to payment reform. PMID:11481724

  8. School Reform. IDRA Focus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    IDRA Newsletter, 1998

    1998-01-01

    This theme issue addresses school reform, focusing on accountability, attrition, public-supported private education, equitable education, and schoolwide reform. "School-Student Performance and Accountability" (Jose A. Cardenas) discusses what constitutes good performance in school; the shifting emphasis among the input, output, and process of…

  9. Thinking about Tax Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boskin, Michael J.

    1985-01-01

    Providing pre-college teachers with an analysis of tax reform is the primary goal of this publication. The present tax system is both inefficient and inequitable. Three goals of tax reform proposals are detailed: (1) fairness--the dimensions of horizontal equity, or equal treatment of equals however defined, and vertical equity, reflecting the…

  10. PES and School Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tozer, Steven

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the varying degrees to which members of the Philosophy of Education Society (PES) have demonstrated a philosophical interest in educational reform and political trends over the years. According to papers presented at annual meetings, there is a striking neglect of initiatives toward educational reform in the United States. (SM)

  11. Reforms as experiments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald T. Campbell

    1969-01-01

    Contends that programs of social reform are not effectively assessed. This article is a preliminary effort in examining the sources of this condition and designing ways of overcoming the difficulties. The political setting of program evaluation is also considered. It is concluded that trapped and experimental administrators are not threatened by a hard-headed analysis of the reform. For such, proper

  12. Migrant Family Housing Center. Annual Operational Summary, January - December 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Dept. of Employment Development, Sacramento. Migrant Services Section.

    The Employment Development Department's Migrant Services Section provides temporary housing at reasonable cost for migrant farmworkers and their families. The Office of Migrant Services contracts with agencies of local government to manage programs of housing construction, operation and maintenance. Since 1965 migrant housing projects have been…

  13. What Price Government Regulations?

    PubMed Central

    McGill, Clinton S.

    1980-01-01

    Cost containment in health care will be a major target for governmental regulation in the coming decade. A number of potential economies in health care exist, among them a reduction of the heavy burden of government regulation. It is important to review pending congressional action as related to health cost, as well as congressional proposals for reform of the regulatory agencies. Organized medicine is involved in cost containment and the private sector has made some progress. However, there is much that individual practitioners can do. PMID:7385851

  14. Reforming Science: Methodological and Cultural Reforms

    PubMed Central

    Casadevall, Arturo; Fang, Ferric C.

    2012-01-01

    Contemporary science has brought about technological advances and an unprecedented understanding of the natural world. However, there are signs of dysfunction in the scientific community as well as threats from diverse antiscience and political forces. Incentives in the current system place scientists under tremendous stress, discourage cooperation, encourage poor scientific practices, and deter new talent from entering the field. It is time for a discussion of how the scientific enterprise can be reformed to become more effective and robust. Serious reform will require more consistent methodological rigor and a transformation of the current hypercompetitive scientific culture. PMID:22184414

  15. On the Road to Reform: A Sociocultural Interpretation of Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mensah, Felicia Moore

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I discuss how reform in science education is interpreted by Barma as she recounts the story of Catherine, a grade 9 biology teacher, who reforms her teaching practices in response to a national curriculum reform in Quebec, Canada. Unlike some cases in response to reform, this case is hopeful and positive. Also in this paper, I…

  16. Linking transparency, knowledge and citizen trust in government: an experiment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. G. Grimmelikhuijsen

    2012-01-01

    Declining citizen trust in government is an important driver for NPM-style reforms. Increasing people’s knowledge by providing factual knowledge about government performance outcomes is seen as an important way of increasing citizen trust in government. Does this promise hold or is knowledge about performance outcomes not that important? Two rivalling hypotheses are being investigated. One proposition postulates a link between

  17. Reproducing Segregation: Parent Involvement, Diversity, and School Governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Virginia Gordon; Honorine Nocon

    2008-01-01

    Government programs currently mandate direct parental input in school governance. In comparing the actions of low-income Latino parents with those of middle-income White and Asian parents within the context of school governance, we found that although both groups actively sought and achieved reforms in order to improve their children's education, the eventual outcomes of their efforts differed. This study suggests

  18. THE STATE OF PLAY IN AUSTRALIAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian Dollery

    The previous two decades have seen enormous change in Australian local government. This paper seeks evaluate this transformation process by examining the views expressed in two contemporary volumes on the subject. Reshaping Australian Local Government: Finance, Governance and Reform (Dollery, Marshall and Worthington 2003) provides a broad analysis of the causes and consequences of change across the entire spectrum of

  19. The impact of social housing on the labour market status of the disabled.

    PubMed

    Gregoir, Stéphane; Maury, Tristan-Pierre

    2013-09-01

    Disability may impact on employment through entitlement to social housing. Estimates of an original dynamic panel data model of disability, labour market and housing tenure transitions in England indicate that up to one-quarter of the lower employment probability of the disabled can be attributed to the effect of qualifying for social housing. Short-lived disabilities can result in long spells in social housing that reduce incentives to participate in the labour market. This suggests that authorities should reform the welfare system and the allocation of social housing to limit the persistent and unfavourable consequences of allocating social housing to the disabled. PMID:23813726

  20. University Governance in Denmark: From Democracy to Accountability?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carney, Stephen

    2006-01-01

    This article reports the findings of a Danish research council-funded project aimed at exploring a comprehensive package of management reforms in higher education instituted in Denmark since 2003. The reforms attempt to change not only the way institutions are governed but the very notion of democracy and engagement in higher education. In short,…

  1. Supervision in "Modern" University Governance: Boards under Scrutiny

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Boer, Harry; Huisman, Jeroen; Meister-Scheytt, Claudia

    2010-01-01

    One element of the recent reforms of higher education sectors across Europe is the formation of new governance structures in universities. Supervisory boards are part of these reform processes. However, despite the importance of these boards, surprisingly little is known about their actual work. This article discusses the situation of boards in…

  2. Affordable housing

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

  3. Housing Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmalz, Georgann

    1985-01-01

    Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

  4. Atuarfitsialak: Greenland's Cultural Compatible Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, Tasha R.

    2012-01-01

    In 2002, Greenlandic reform leaders launched a comprehensive, nation-wide reform to create culturally compatible education. Greenland's reform work spans the entire educational system and includes preschool through higher education. To assist their efforts, reform leaders adopted the Standards for Effective Pedagogy developed at the Center for…

  5. Commitment to Cybersecurity and Information Technology Governance: A Case Study and Leadership Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Scipiaruth Kendall

    2012-01-01

    The continual emergence of technologies has infiltrated government and industry business infrastructures, requiring reforming organizations and fragile network infrastructures. Emerging technologies necessitates countermeasures, commitment to cybersecurity and information technology governance for organization's survivability and…

  6. Kids and Cafeterias: How Safe are Federal School Lunches? Joint Hearing before the Committee of Government Management, Restructuring, and the District of Columbia Subcommittee of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate and the Subcommittee on Government Efficiency, Financial Management, and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.

    Noting the significant increase since 1990 in food-borne illnesses affecting school children, these hearings transcripts provide testimony on the safety of federal school lunches. Statements by Senator Richard Durbin and Representatives Stephen Horn, Janice Schakowsky, and Carolyn Maloney emphasized the array of federal agencies with various food…

  7. 76 FR 35295 - Delivering an Efficient, Effective, and Accountable Government

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-16

    ...wasteful practices and earn a high return on every tax dollar that is spent. To strengthen that trust and deliver a smarter and leaner Government, my Administration will reinforce the performance and management reform gains achieved thus far;...

  8. A feasible reform for the electricity supply industry in Hong Kong

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. W. Ngan; J. H. Wang; W. Engriwan; K. L. Lo

    2006-01-01

    With the current scheme of control regulation for the Hong Kong electricity supply industry expiring in 2008, the Government has sent out a consultation paper seeking views from the general public on its reform and possible future development. This paper investigates the characteristics of the current agreement and the rationale for feasible reform of the Hong Kong ESI. It leads

  9. Re: School Finance Reform: Emerging Issues and Needed Research. Occasional Paper #7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Odden, Allan

    Several new school finance reform issues are emerging that require further analysis. The first issue is the impact of previous school finance reforms especially regarding their fiscal, programmatic, and governance effects. More analysis is also needed of the effects of the composition of the property tax base and the structure of state…

  10. Boosting Student Achievement: The Effect of Comprehensive School Reform on Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gross, Betheny; Booker, T. Kevin; Goldhaber, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Between the late 1980s and early 2000s, schools, districts, states, and the federal government devoted enormous resources to the implementation of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) models. With more than 1.6 billion federal dollars distributed through the Comprehensive School Reform Demonstration (CSRD) project and its successor, the CSR project,…

  11. Examining the Turning Points Comprehensive Middle School Reform Model: The Role of Local Context and Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Jay; Ouimette, Monique

    2004-01-01

    For the past decade, the federal government has supported comprehensive school reform as a way to improve under-performing schools (US Department of Education 1998). Thousands of schools across the country are now implementing scores of different whole school reform models with the hopes of improving school culture and raising student performance.…

  12. Bureaucrats in business: The roles of privatization versus corporatization in state-owned enterprise reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary M. Shirley

    1999-01-01

    This article provides evidence from a sample of 12 developing countries that countries which improved state-owned enterprise performance the most followed a comprehensive strategy of reforms, including a combination of privatization and corporatization. Further evidence that corporatization works better in combination with ownership and other reforms is provided through an analysis of government contracts with public managers, private managers and

  13. NETL - Fuel Reforming Facilities

    SciTech Connect

    None

    2013-06-12

    Research using NETL's Fuel Reforming Facilities explores catalytic issues inherent in fossil-energy related applications, including catalyst synthesis and characterization, reaction kinetics, catalyst activity and selectivity, catalyst deactivation, and stability.

  14. Reforming using erionite catalysts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Liers; J. Meusinger; A. Moesch; W. Reschetilowski

    1993-01-01

    The advantage of reforming on erionite catalysts is a product with high octane numbers and low amounts of aromatics. This advantage seems to be slight at reaction pressures lower than 25 bar. But it is possible to compensate for the influence of pressure by varying the erionite content within the catalyst and the reaction temperature. When reforming on Pt\\/Al[sub 2]O[sub

  15. Conformal House

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryttov, Thomas A.; Sannino, Francesco

    We investigate the gauge dynamics of nonsupersymmetric SU(N) gauge theories featuring the simultaneous presence of fermionic matter transforming according to two distinct representations of the underlying gauge group. We bound the regions of flavors and colors which can yield a physical infrared fixed point. As a consistency check we recover the previously investigated bounds of the conformal windows when restricting to a single matter representation. The earlier conformal windows can be imagined to be part now of the new conformal house. We predict the nonperturbative anomalous dimensions at the infrared fixed points. We further investigate the effects of adding mass terms to the condensates on the conformal house chiral dynamics and construct the simplest instanton induced effective Lagrangian terms.

  16. Smart Houses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

  17. Housing consumption in urban China: a comparative study of Beijing and Guangzhou

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Si-ming Li

    2000-01-01

    The Chinese government has made repeated attempts to end the so-called welfare provision of housing so as to reduce the burden on the state and the individual work units. Development companies have been set up to undertake housing construction and the housing units sold as commodities; these are referred to as 'commodity housing'. The author conducts a comparative study of

  18. A light in the dark : labor reform in Guatemala during the FRG administration, 2000-2004

    E-print Network

    Fuentes, Alberto (Alberto Jose)

    2007-01-01

    Recent literature on Latin America has highlighted cases of reform by the region's governments to increase State regulation of the labor market, offset the detrimental effects of the so-called Washington Consensus, and ...

  19. Reforming China's urban health insurance system.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yuanli

    2002-05-01

    China's urban health insurance system is mainly consisted of labor insurance schemes (LIS) and government employee insurance scheme (GIS). LIS is a work unit-based self-insurance system that covers medical costs for the workers and often their dependents as well. GIS covers employees of the State institutions, is financed by general revenues. Since 1980s, China has implemented series of health insurance system reforms, culminating in the government's major policy decision in December of 1998 to establish a social insurance program for urban workers. Compared with the old insurance systems under LIS and GIS, the new system expands coverage to private sector employees and provides a more stable financing with its risk pool at the city level. Despite of these advantages, implementation of China's health insurance reform program is faced with several major challenges, including risk transfer from work units to municipal governments, diverse need and demand for health insurance benefits, incongruent roles of the central and regional governments. These challenges may reflect practical difficulties in policy implementation as well as some deficiencies in the original program design. PMID:11897373

  20. University of Toronto Governing Council

    E-print Network

    Boonstra, Rudy

    of the Governing Council Room 106, Simcoe Hall 27 King's College Circle University of Toronto Toronto, Ontario M5S and student societies areas for which the University Affairs Board has responsibility: Athletics, Hart House as a whole, the fee structure shall include all groups of tuition-paying potential users. However

  1. "From Houses of Refuge to 'Youth Corrections': Same Story, Different Day"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelden, Randall G.

    2005-01-01

    Over 180 years ago the first of a long line of prisons specifically designed for young offenders was created in New York City. Called the New York House of Refuge, its creators called it a "school." The State Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, in its famous decision in "Ex Parte Crouse," stated that the aims of the house of refuge were to reform the…

  2. 76 FR 58827 - Announcement of Funding Awards; Fair Housing Initiatives Program Fiscal Year (FY) 2009

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-22

    In accordance with section 102(a)(4)(C) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act of 1989, this announcement notifies the public of funding decisions made by the Department for funding under the Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for the Fair Housing Initiatives Program (FHIP) for FY2009. This announcement contains the names and addresses of those award recipients selected......

  3. 78 FR 36232 - Announcement of Funding Awards; Service Coordinators in Multifamily Housing Program, Fiscal Year...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-17

    In accordance with Section 102(a)(4)(C) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform Act of 1989, this announcement notifies the public of funding decisions made by the Department in a competition for funding under the Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) for the Service Coordinators in Multifamily Housing Programs. This announcement contains the names of the......

  4. Opening the Window for ReformMandates, Crises, and Extraordinary PolicyMaking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN T. S. KEELER

    1993-01-01

    Under what conditions are governments within established democratic political systems willing and able to launch ambitious reform programs? In other words, what conjunctural factors generally serve to open the “window” for reform? The central argument of this article is that extraordinary policy-making generally becomes possible only when a macro-window is opened by a government's achievement of an impressive mandate and\\/or

  5. 78 FR 39539 - Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-01

    ...Establishing the White House Council on Native American Affairs By the authority vested...sustain prosperous and resilient Native American tribal governments, it is hereby...established the White House Council on Native American Affairs (Council). The...

  6. Corporate Governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luigi Zingales

    1998-01-01

    This paper summarizes my own personal view of what corporate governance is about. I argue that it makes sense to discuss corporate governance only in an incomplete contract world. In this world, the notion of corporate governance is intrinsically related to the definition of the firm. In this respect, the shortcomings of the existing definitions of the firm are reviewed

  7. Barriers to Self-Sufficiency for Single Female Heads of Families. Hearings before a Subcommitee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (July 9-10, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    The proceedings of a House of Representatives hearing on opportunities for self-sufficiency for single women in poverty are presented in this document. Included are statements presented by three panels consisting of experts in the field of welfare and employment policy, the General Accounting Office, and representatives of the National Association…

  8. Study on regional differences in permanent housing reconstruction process in Sri Lanka after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hideaki Nakazato; Osamu Murao

    2007-01-01

    The Sumatra Tsunami crossed the Indian Ocean on 26th of December 2004 and damaged more than 90,000 houses in Sri Lanka. Following the tsunami, the Government decided to provide three types of houses for the vic- tims (temporary shelters, transitional houses, and permanent houses) according to the stage of reconstruction. Most permanent houses were donated by non-government organizations on the

  9. Not-for-profits' role in a reformed system.

    PubMed

    Clinton, H R

    1994-06-01

    As head of the White House task force that helped to craft President Bill Clinton's healthcare reform proposal (the Health Security Act), First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton demonstrated her determination that reform result in a system that has caring and service at its center. In an address a year ago at the Catholic Health Association assembly, she stressed the administration's goal of providing the security of healthcare coverage to everyone in the United States. Saying the current complex, disjointed system "fragments the care people receive," the First Lady applauded programs that reach out to underserved populations and strengthen the country's healthcare infrastructure. In this interview with Health Progress, Mrs. Clinton discusses tough issues in achieving the system she envisions and the role of Catholic healthcare organizations in a reformed system. Here are her remarks. PMID:10134185

  10. Independent Regulatory Agencies: A Perspective on Their Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marver H. Bernstein

    1972-01-01

    Since 1937, five major governmental studies have analyzed the problems of independent regulatory commissions in the government and have prescribed reforms. The Presi dent's Committee on Administrative Management (1937) pro posed the departmentalization of independent commissions. The First Hoover Commission (1949) relied heavily on vesting responsibility in the chairmen. The Second Hoover Commis sion (1955) dealt almost entirely with improving

  11. Welfare Reform and Lone Parents in the UK

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Gregg; Susan Harkness; Sarah Smith

    2007-01-01

    The last thirty years saw dramatic increases in the proportion of children living in lone parent households. In 1997 the incoming Labour government initiated a series of policy reforms aimed at reducing this high level of child poverty. A key element of their strategy was a move towards increasing employment rates among families with children by a combination of increased

  12. Lessons in Leadership: Perspectives on Corporate Managerialism and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galway, Gerald

    2012-01-01

    Between 1970 and 1990 enrolment in Newfoundland and Labrador schools dropped by 22 percent. The first wave of major educational reform (1990 to 2000) saw massive reductions in public school expenditures and the reduction of more than 1650 teachers. Facing continued enrolment loss and a large current account deficit, in 2004, government again…

  13. Regulatory Federalism: Policy, Process, Impact and Reform. A Commission Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations, Washington, DC.

    In the last two decades, the federal government's role in state and local affairs has shifted markedly from subsidy to regulation. This report examines the origins and effects of the new "regulatory federalism" and proposes reforms. Chapter 1 delineates the subject, chronicling the growth of intergovernmental regulation and discussing the legal…

  14. Stamp Duties In Indian States: A Case for Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arbind Modi; Patricia Annez; James Alm

    2004-01-01

    Alm, Annez, and Modi review the options for reform of stamp duties on immovable property transfers collected by Indian state governments. After briefly reviewing some of the many administrative difficulties experienced with the tax, they turn to an examination of its economic impacts. A review of stamp duties internationally indicates that Indian rates are exceptionally high, at rates often above

  15. Higher Education Reform in Taiwan and Its Implications on Equality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    I-ru, Chen Dorothy

    2012-01-01

    As a result of massification of higher education and the quest for competitiveness, the Taiwanese government has adopted a series of higher education reforms since the late 1990s. While the low birthrate has become a potential threat, recent developments in higher education policies such as the Program for Developing First-Class Universities and…

  16. Brave New World: Higher Education Reform in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aarrevaara, Timo; Dobson, Ian R.; Elander, Camilla

    2009-01-01

    Finnish universities are about to enter a period of radical change. This paper considers the reforms expected of a new Universities Act currently before parliament and a set of institutional mergers. When passed, the new act will provide universities with independent legal status, change their relationship with the government in several ways,…

  17. Faculty Housing Assistance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fink, Ira

    1982-01-01

    Some of the creative financing programs currently used to provide faculty housing assistance in California and elsewhere in the United States are described. Generally, the programs fall into one of four categories: rental housing, owner housing, mortgage assistance, and housing stipends. Institutions with a comprehensive housing program often have…

  18. Happy Birthday White House!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillon, Doris; And Others

    1992-01-01

    An integrated elementary teaching package offers interesting facts about presidents and the White House. Cross-curricular activities focus on architecture, presidential birthplaces, portraits, communications, science, technology, touring the White House, children in the White House, a day in the life of the White House, and a White House birthday…

  19. Riding Herd on Administrative Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blustain, Harvey

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the very good reasons why efforts at administrative reform in higher education have yielded limited success. Concludes that the active involvement of college presidents is vital to achieving the best reform results. (EV)

  20. Electrochemical fuel cell generator having an internal and leak tight hydrocarbon fuel reformer

    DOEpatents

    Dederer, J.T.; Hager, C.A.

    1998-03-31

    An electrochemical fuel cell generator configuration is made having a generator section which contains a plurality of axially elongated fuel cells, each cell containing a fuel electrode, air electrode, and solid oxide electrolyte between the electrodes, in which axially elongated dividers separate portions of the fuel cells from each other, and where at least one divider also reforms a reformable fuel gas mixture prior to electricity generation reactions, the at least one reformer-divider is hollow having a closed end and an open end entrance for a reformable fuel mixture to pass to the closed end of the divider and then reverse flow and pass back along the hollowed walls to be reformed, and then finally to pass as reformed fuel out of the open end of the divider to contact the fuel cells, and further where the reformer-divider is a composite structure having a gas diffusion barrier of metallic foil surrounding the external walls of the reformer-divider except at the entrance to prevent diffusion of the reformable gas mixture through the divider, and further housed in an outer insulating jacket except at the entrance to prevent short-circuiting of the fuel cells by the gas diffusion barrier. 10 figs.

  1. Higher Education Governance and Management: Australia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meek, V. Lynn; Wood, Fiona Q.

    1998-01-01

    A survey of Australian university administrators examined issues and problems in university operations in the 1990s, following extensive reforms in the Australian higher education system. The survey investigated such factors as decision-making structures, characteristics of management practice, external influences on governance and management,…

  2. Situational Governance: A Continuum of Board Types

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Domenech, Daniel A.

    2005-01-01

    An effective and stable school district requires a superintendent and board who work well together. Such collaboration builds positive momentum and public confidence. It also minimizes the turnover that can slow district progress, encourage "flavor of the year" reform agendas and impede academic achievement. Too seldom school governance reflects a…

  3. A Blueprint for Education Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshner, Connaught, Ed.

    In a continuation of the national debate over education reform, the 14 contributors to this book outline several approaches to reform, address a variety of current education issues, and relate parent and teacher perspectives on education. An overview by President Ronald Reagan of education reform issues is provided, followed by chapters on the…

  4. Globalization, Citizenship and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qi, Jie

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms during the 1980s and 1990s. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been…

  5. Hydrogen Production via a High-Efficiency Low-Temperature Reformer

    SciTech Connect

    Paul KT Liu; Theo T. Tsotsis

    2006-05-31

    Fuel cells are promoted by the US government as a viable alternative for clean and efficient energy generation. It is anticipated that the fuel cell market will rise if the key technical barriers can be overcome. One of them is certainly fuel processing and purification. Existing fuel reforming processes are energy intensive, extremely complicated and capital intensive; these disadvantages handicap the scale-down of existing reforming process, targeting distributed or on-board/stationary hydrogen production applications. Our project involves the bench-scale demonstration of a high-efficiency low-temperature steam reforming process. Hydrogen production can be operated at 350 to 400ºC with our invention, as opposed to >800ºC of existing reforming. In addition, our proposed process improves the start-up deficiency of conventional reforming due to its low temperature operation. The objective of this project is to demonstrate the invented process concept via a bench scale unit and verify mathematical simulation for future process optimization study. Under this project, we have performed the experimental work to determine the adsorption isotherm, reaction kinetics, and membrane permeances required to perform the process simulation based upon the mathematical model developed by us. A ceramic membrane coated with palladium thin film fabricated by us was employed in this study. The adsorption isotherm for a selected hydrotalcite adsorbent was determined experimentally. Further, the capacity loss under cyclic adsorption/desorption was confirmed to be negligible. Finally a commercial steam reforming catalyst was used to produce the reaction kinetic parameters required for the proposed operating condition. With these input parameters, a mathematical simulation was performed to predict the performance of the invented process. According to our simulation, our invented hybrid process can deliver 35 to 55% methane conversion, in comparison with the 12 and 18-21% conversion of the packed bed and an adsorptive reactor respectively. In addition CO contamination with <10 to 120 ppm is predicted for the invented process depending upon the cycle time for the PSA type operation. In comparison, the adsorption reactor can also deliver a similar CO contaminant at the low end; however, its high end reaches as high as 300 ppm based upon the simulation of our proposed operating condition. Our experimental results for the packed bed and the membrane reactor deliver 12 and 18% conversion at 400°C, approaching the conversion by the mathematical simulation. Due to the time constraint, the experimental study on the conversion of the invented process has not been complete. However, our in-house study using a similar process concept for the water gas shift reaction has demonstrated the reliability of our mathematical simulation for the invented process. In summary, we are confident that the invented process can deliver efficiently high purity hydrogen at a low temperature (~400°C). According to our projection, the invented process can further achieve 5% energy savings and ~50% capital savings over conventional reforming for fuel cell applications. The pollution abatement potential associated with the implementation of fuel cells, including the elimination of nitrogen oxides and CO, and the reduction in volatile organics and CO2, can thus be realized with the implementation of this invented process. The projected total market size for equipment sale for the proposed process in US is $1.5 billion annually.

  6. Reforming Teacher Pay

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Susan Freeman; Gardner, Catherine D.

    2010-01-01

    A recent Google search for information regarding performance pay in education produced 6.1 million results. This number should come as no surprise given the current level of interest in incentives as a popular reform option in public education. Supporters believe pay-for-performance programs encourage less effective teachers to improve and will…

  7. Reform on the Move

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Janet; Otte, Michelle; Fair, Lynn

    2006-01-01

    Aurora (Colorado) Public Schools responded to the Colorado State Model Content Standards for Reading and Writing and the accountability measures attached to the state assessments by implementing the Aurora Achievement Initiative in 2001. Originating from literature on best practices and large-scale school reform, the goal of the districtwide…

  8. CPR: curved planar reformation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Armin Kanitsar; Dominik Fleischmann; Rainer Wegenkittl; Petr Felkel; Meister Eduard Gröller

    2002-01-01

    Visualization of tubular structures such as blood vessels is an important topic in medical imaging. One way to display tubular structures for diagnostic purposes is to generate longitudinal cross-sections in order to show their lumen, wall, and surrounding tissue in a curved plane. This process is called Curved Planar Reformation (CPR). We present three different methods to generate CPR images.

  9. Reforming using erionite catalysts

    SciTech Connect

    Liers, J.; Meusinger, J.; Moesch, A. (Univ. of Leipzig (Germany)); Reschetilowski, W. (Karl Winnacker Inst. of DECHEMA, Frankfurt (Germany))

    1993-08-01

    The advantage of reforming on erionite catalysts is a product with high octane numbers and low amounts of aromatics. This advantage seems to be slight at reaction pressures lower than 25 bar. But it is possible to compensate for the influence of pressure by varying the erionite content within the catalyst and the reaction temperature. When reforming on Pt/Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] catalysts, the following reactions take place: dehydrocyclization of paraffins to naphthenes, dehydrogenation of naphthenes to aromatics, isomerication of normal paraffins remains in the product, lowering its octane number. By using a Ni/H-erionite catalyst, the octane rating can be increased by 3 to 7 numbers through selective hydrocracking of n-alkanes in the reformate. Erionite catalysts favor shape-selective hydrocracking of normal paraffins and the formation of cyclopentane derivatives lowering the content of aromatics during reforming reactions. Reducing the reaction pressure decreases hydrocracking activity and cyclopentane formation. These results can be interpreted in terms of thermodynamic restrictions and deactivation.

  10. Welfare Reform and Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bitler, Marianne P.; Gelback, Jonah B.; Hoynes, Hilary W.

    2005-01-01

    A study of the effect of state and federal welfare reforms over the period 1990-2000 on health insurance coverage and healthcare utilization by single women aged between 20-45 is presented. It is observed that Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996 which replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program of 1990s with…

  11. Epidemic of health care reforms.

    PubMed

    Stambolovic, Vuk

    2003-03-01

    An epidemic of health care reforms is spreading through the world. The basic reason behind the epidemic is the concept of these reforms. Namely, at the time in which Modernity (the main context of mechanicism) has worn out its potentials, they are based on the principles of mechanistic paradigm. Epidemic could fade away if health care reformers would abandon their role of engeneers and turn to catalist role. In that role they could work on reforms which would rely on priciples of evolution. The first result of this reform orientation would be creation of the germ of pluralistic health care systems. PMID:12678319

  12. Superfund reform gets a yellow light

    SciTech Connect

    Begley, R.

    1994-08-03

    Despite progress on some fronts, the effort to reauthorize the Superfund law is being slowed by the House committee in charge of taxes. Leaders of the House Ways and Means Committee are telling the reform bill`s supporters to forget about their goal of completing action by mid-August, 1994. At a hearing last week, committee members rehashed the litany of complaints about the Superfund program and said significant improvements are needed before they would pass a bill. They are also concerned about the bill`s provisions for paying for a new fund to settle disputes between insurers and those liable for cleanups. Threatening the fragile consensus supporting the bill are increasingly bitter divisions within the insurance industry over whether the proposed tax to pay for that fund should be completely prospective or partly retrospective. Meanwhile, a House Public Works and Transportation subcommittee approved the Administration`s bill after fighting back amendments to eject retroactive liability and to weaken groundwater cleanup standards. The subcommittee also removed a requirement to extend liability to pollutants and contaminants not listed as hazardous.

  13. Health care reform and the pharmaceutical industry.

    PubMed

    Mossinghoff, G J

    1994-08-01

    Consumer choice among competing private plans should be strengthened, rather than lending support to the mandate for a government single-payer plan. A major theme running through this position paper is that drugs are not only the most cost-effective form of medical treatment, but they represent only a small share of the national health care expenditures. In this article, the author focuses on defending three guiding principles for reform: (1) all Americans should have prescription-drug coverage; (2) competition can and must be relied on to control costs; and (3) the discovery of new cures must be actively encouraged through adequate incentives for the pharmaceutical industry. PMID:10152353

  14. New Challenges in the Governance of Catalan Public Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castro, Diego; Ion, Georgeta

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of a study of the principal issues involved in the governance of public universities in Catalonia. It was based on four stylised dilemmas that were drawn up to facilitate an understanding of the challenges facing university governance reforms. This paper discusses each of these dilemmas in the Catalan context and…

  15. Decentralization London-style: The GLA and London Governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony Travers

    2002-01-01

    London Authority, consisting of a Mayor and Assembly, is an oddity: it is both a renewal of London city government and a component of the Labour government's devolution reforms which have set out some of the parameters for devolution to the other English regions. The GLA's powers are strategic and were limited by Whitehall resistance to devolution. Mayor and Assembly

  16. Clinical governance: striking a balance between checking and trusting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huw Talfryn Oakley Davies; Russell Mannion

    1999-01-01

    Clinical governance emerged as one of the big ideas central to the latest round of health reforms. It places with health care managers, for the first time, a statutory duty for quality of care on an equal footing with the pre-existing duty of financial responsibility (Warden 1998). Clinical governance tries to encourage an appropriate emphasis on the quality of clinical

  17. Leverage of change : social housing in Tijuana, México

    E-print Network

    García Torres, Isidro

    2005-01-01

    As a town that has heavy migration, Tijuana is in constant need of social housing for its lower income families. The demands of the population have created an overload on the government, and some third parties have begun ...

  18. Electronic Collection and Dissemination of Information by Federal Agencies. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session (April 29, June 26, October 18, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    This document provides a complete record of testimony presented at a series of hearings before the U.S. Congress on the electronic collection and dissemination of information by federal agencies. In looking at the effect of new computer and communications technology on government information activities and practices, the hearings considered such…

  19. Oversight of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission`s oil pipeline regulatory program. Hearing before the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, August 1, 1991

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1992-12-31

    The hearing addresses oversight of The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission`s (FERC) oil pipeline regulatory program which was viewed as deficient. The primary focus is competition and market share among petroleum pipeline segments. Statements of government and industry officials are included along with documents submitted for the record.

  20. Consumer Problems of Older Americans. New Directions for Government and Business. Background Papers and Recommendations from a Mini-Conference for the White House Conference on Aging (Washington, DC, January 29-30, 1980).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Retired Teachers Association, Washington, DC.

    These background papers and recommendations from a mini-conference on the consumer problems of older Americans and new directions that government and business should take to protect the consumer rights of the elderly address the following areas: credit, food, insurance, investments, prescription drugs and medical appliances, and primary health…

  1. It's Not about Logic, It's about Logics of Practice: A Case Study of Teacher Education Reform in New Zealand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Wayne; Tinning, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Institutional mergers are among the range of government-driven reforms of teacher education and, by extension, the teaching force. Such reforms inevitably provide positive outcomes for some and challenges for others. In this paper the authors focus on the anticipations, experiences and reflections of a group of teacher educators during a period…

  2. The Challenges and Possibilities of Aligning Large-Scale Testing with Mathematical Reform: The Case of Ontario

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawson, Alex; Suurtamm, Christine

    2006-01-01

    In 1997, the Ontario government, like many other jurisdictions, undertook systemic reform of their elementary school mathematics programme, developing a new mathematics curriculum, report card, and province-wide assessment. The curricular reform embodied a new vision of mathematics learning and instruction that emphasized instruction using…

  3. Administering market friendly growth? Liberal populism and the World Bank's involvement in administrative reform in sub-Saharan Africa

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graham Harrison

    2001-01-01

    This article critically analyses recent innovations in the World Bank's thinking on administrative reform as part of a broader set of notions contained within the international 'governance agenda'. It is argued that the Bank's administrative reform literature generates a discourse of liberal populism. Liberal populism keys in with i) a fundamental belief in the free market as a means towards

  4. Policy Reforms, Trojan Horses, and Imaginary Friends: The Role of External Stakeholders in Internal Quality Assurance Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosa, Maria João; Teixeira, Pedro

    2014-01-01

    The governance of higher education has been changing across Europe, most notably in response to the reform agenda that has been pervading many higher education systems. This wave of reforms has given enhanced visibility to external stakeholders, which has been often received with contrasting views. Some regarded it as a factor that would undermine…

  5. How Are Immigrants Faring after Welfare Reform? Preliminary Evidence from Los Angeles and New York City. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capps, Randy; Ku, Leighton; Fix, Michael; Furgiuele, Chris; Passel, Jeff; Ramchand, Rajeev; McNiven, Scott; Perez-Lopez, Dan; Fielder, Eve; Greenwell, Michael; Hays, Tonya

    In 1999 and 2000, immigrants in Los Angeles, California, and New York, New York were aurveyed about their status in the context of welfare reform, examining the living conditions of 3,447 immigrant families roughly 3 years after welfare reform was implemented and several months before the federal government issued guidance about the public charge…

  6. Privatizing public housing in Canada, A public policy agenda

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cyrus Vakili-Zad

    1996-01-01

    The new Progressive Conservative (PC) government in Ontario is planning to sell the 84,500 units (using the UK model) of public\\u000a housing that it owns. This paper presents an evaluation of the programs to sell off public housing in the United Kingdom,\\u000a the United States, and Canada. After a comparative evaluation, the author makes several recommendations for the Ontario government.

  7. To Establish a National Policy on Permanent Papers. Hearing on H.J. Res 226 To Establish a National Policy on Permanent Papers, before the Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture.

    This publication contains the text of House Joint Resolution 226, which establishes a policy that Federal records, books, and publications of enduring value be produced on acid free permanent papers; recommends that federal agencies and American publishers require the use of acid free permanent papers for publications of enduring value; recommends…

  8. 75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

  9. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOEpatents

    Ahmed, Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL)

    1999-01-01

    A partial oxidation reformer comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell.

  10. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOEpatents

    Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

    1999-08-24

    A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

  11. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOEpatents

    Ahmed, S.; Kumar, R.; Krumpelt, M.

    1999-08-17

    A partial oxidation reformer is described comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell. 7 figs.

  12. Methanol partial oxidation reformer

    DOEpatents

    Ahmed, Shabbir (Bolingbrook, IL); Kumar, Romesh (Naperville, IL); Krumpelt, Michael (Naperville, IL)

    2001-01-01

    A partial oxidation reformer comprising a longitudinally extending chamber having a methanol, water and an air inlet and an outlet. An igniter mechanism is near the inlets for igniting a mixture of methanol and air, while a partial oxidation catalyst in the chamber is spaced from the inlets and converts methanol and oxygen to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Controlling the oxygen to methanol mole ratio provides continuous slightly exothermic partial oxidation reactions of methanol and air producing hydrogen gas. The liquid is preferably injected in droplets having diameters less than 100 micrometers. The reformer is useful in a propulsion system for a vehicle which supplies a hydrogen-containing gas to the negative electrode of a fuel cell.

  13. Reforms and Economic Planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohamed A. Ramady

    \\u000a In the space of a few years since the first edition of this book in 2005, the Kingdom has witnessed some fundamental changes\\u000a taking place which few would have predicted to happen so soon. The entry of Saudi Arabia to the World Trade Organization in\\u000a 2005 was probably one catalyst to speed up domestic economic and administrative reforms, but the

  14. Governing decisions of your association.

    PubMed

    Dziwlik, Jay T

    2013-01-01

    Every association has some sort of internal structure to make decisions and to do the business of the association. Though the IDA is a member organization, we use a representative form of governing to allow selected members to represent the entire membership. For the Indiana Dental Association, there are two major parts to this governance structure: the administrative body in the Board of Trustees and a legislative body called the House of Delegates. Both are made up of representative members from each of the local component societies or districts. PMID:25286498

  15. C.A.S.H. - communal affordable singles housing : a platform for proactive affordability in Hong Kong

    E-print Network

    Wang, Yan-Ping, M. Arch. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    In Hong Kong, young singles are left out of the affordable housing equation. They require much more space per person in comparison to those living in family housing, and the government is not willing to allocate a ...

  16. What Does Health Care Reform Mean to Children with Special Needs and Their Families?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minoux, Ankeny

    2010-01-01

    After the passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, thousands of families across the U.S. breathed a sigh of relief at the White House's reassurance: "Reform will eliminate health insurance discrimination against people with disabilities." However, the actual language of the law and the proposed implementation timeline of the…

  17. Improving School Governance | 1 Improving School Governance

    E-print Network

    Rambaut, Andrew

    " throughout) is based on the UK Corporate Governance Code (see Appendix) and on practice in charitableImproving School Governance | 1 Improving School Governance A Recommended Code of Governance Governance | 2 #12;Improving School Governance | 3 This pilot version of the Recommended Code of Governance

  18. Changing Framework of Local Governance and Community Participation in Elementary Education in India. Research Monograph No. 35

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Govinda, R; Bandyopadhyay, Madhumita

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, strengthening and better functioning of local governance have become prime concerns of educational reform agenda. Establishment of effective local governance has been part of overall changes in educational governance for several years in many countries including India. It is now widely recognized that effective local governance

  19. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT WASHINGTON. DC 204W-2(10(

    E-print Network

    Latiolais, M. Paul

    Expires: Effective until Amended, Superseded, or Rescinded Subject: Service Animals and Assistance Animals and Local Government Services, Final Rule, 75 Fed. Reg. 56164 (Sept. 15, 2010) (codified at 28 C.F.R. part agencies and state and local government provided housing, including housing at state universities and other

  20. Nuclear Regulatory Commission inspection program and the Oyster Creek, N. J. , nuclear facility. Hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-sixth Congress, Second Session

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    A congressional hearing was held May 28, 1980 by the Environment, Energy and Natural Resources Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations to discuss the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Inspection Program and the Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant. This discussion included an explanation of the responsibilities now facing the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, particularly the insurance that the 68 operating nuclear power reactors are operated safely and completely by licensees with sound management practices. In addition, an explanation was given of the emergency shutdown of Oyster Creek-1 Reactor.

  1. Government Regulatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Becker, Katie

    Government regulation of food products, food processing, and food preparation is imperative in bringing an unadulterated, nonmisleading, and safe food product to market and is relevant to all areas of food science, including engineering, processing, chemistry, and microbiology. The liability associated with providing consumers with an adulterated or substandard product cannot only tarnish a company's name and reputation, but also impose substantial financial repercussions on the company and those individuals who play an active role in the violation. In order for a company to fully comply with the relevant food laws (both federal and state), an intimate knowledge of food science is required. Individuals knowledgeable in food science play an integral role not only in implementing and counseling food companies/processors to ensure compliance with government regulations, but these individuals are also necessary to the state and federal governments that make and enforce the relevant laws and regulators.

  2. Social and environmental regulation in rural China: bringing the changing role of local government into focus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark W. Skinner; Alun E. Joseph; Richard G. Kuhn

    2003-01-01

    China’s rapid economic growth following the 1978 reforms has resulted in significant economic, social and environmental change. These reforms and their outcomes have been subjected to considerable scrutiny. However, relatively little research has been directed towards the relationship between the changing role of local government, which has itself been subject to substantial restructuring, and the local mediation of the social

  3. Wetlands: Community and individual rights v. unchecked government power. Hearing before the Subcommittee on National Economic Growth, Natural Resources, and Regulatory Affairs of the Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session, June 16, 1997

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    The purpose of this hearing was to bring to the public`s attention a better understanding of both the shortcomings as well as the benefits of the existing wetlands regulations programs, policies and regulations. In addition an attempt was made to highlight those areas where there have been problems with restrictive or confusing regulations, time delays, and costs involved. Ultimately, the purpose is to identify areas in the federal regulations, and if necessary in the federal wetlands related laws, that can be amended, so these work better.

  4. Democracy, essential element of the electronic government

    E-print Network

    I, Bostan

    2010-01-01

    This paper emphasizes a determinant aim of identifying different approaches, as comparing to the education and democracy ways specific to e-government system. Introducing the information technology should offer the possibility by which reform processes of the government should become more efficient, transparent and much more public for the citizens; in this way, their ability of participating directly to government activities should prove the carrying out of a democratic and free frame. One of the essential issues of such phenomenon is that of proving that adopting the information and communication technology programs to government process or electronic government depends upon a series of external factors, such as the level of state's development, the cultural level, the frame of developing the structures of central and local public authority, criteria that differentiate the applicability of such system, to various countries. This difference is especially seen as comparing to the East states of European Union...

  5. Fuel cell generator with fuel electrodes that control on-cell fuel reformation

    DOEpatents

    Ruka, Roswell J. (Pittsburgh, PA); Basel, Richard A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Zhang, Gong (Murrysville, PA)

    2011-10-25

    A fuel cell for a fuel cell generator including a housing including a gas flow path for receiving a fuel from a fuel source and directing the fuel across the fuel cell. The fuel cell includes an elongate member including opposing first and second ends and defining an interior cathode portion and an exterior anode portion. The interior cathode portion includes an electrode in contact with an oxidant flow path. The exterior anode portion includes an electrode in contact with the fuel in the gas flow path. The anode portion includes a catalyst material for effecting fuel reformation along the fuel cell between the opposing ends. A fuel reformation control layer is applied over the catalyst material for reducing a rate of fuel reformation on the fuel cell. The control layer effects a variable reformation rate along the length of the fuel cell.

  6. Judging Teachers: Foucault, Governance and Agency during Education Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stickney, Jeff A.

    2012-01-01

    Over a decade after publication of "Thinking Again: Education After Postmodernism" (1998) contention still emerges among Foucaultians over whether discursively made-up things really exist, and whether removal of the constituent subject leaves room for agency within techniques of caring for the self. That these questions are kept alive shows that…

  7. Bold Leadership, Real Reform: Best Practices in University Governance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council of Trustees and Alumni, 2015

    2015-01-01

    Colleges and universities across the country are seeing their bond ratings drop and their budgets shrink. Employers complain that college graduates are not prepared for the workplace, and many students find themselves saddled with considerable debt and no job to show for it. These are trying times for parents, for students, and for institutions.…

  8. A proposed corporate governance reform: Financial statements insurance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joshua Ronen

    2006-01-01

    The inherent conflicts of interest in the auditor–client relationship and the unobservability of financial statement quality are likely culprits in the recent corporate scandals such as Enron and WorldCom. The solution proposed here is a financial statement insurance (FSI) mechanism. Instead of appointing and paying auditors, companies would purchase financial statement insurance that provides coverage to investors against losses suffered

  9. All That Glitters is Not Gold: School Reform in Charlotte-Mecklenburg

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Samuel Smith; Roslyn Arlin Mickelson

    2000-01-01

    In the early 1990s, the Charlotte-Mecklenburg school system (CMS) began a sweeping program of school reform that involved revamped standards, a comprehensive system of benchmark goals, increased autonomy for principals, and a high-stakes accountability system. This program has been lauded in prestigious education journals, praised by reform advocates in business and government, and cited as a model in a recently

  10. Immigration Reform: Policies and Implementation - An Evaluation of American Immigration Policy and Recommended Changes

    E-print Network

    Buck, Caitlin; Cravatt, Cody; Fagin, Paul; Finney, Angela; Gomes, Rafael; Shan, Sandy; Skarboe, Bjorne; Sarmiento Quezada, Brenda; Wagner, Jason

    2010-01-01

    Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1859711 Immigration Reform: Policies and Implementation Bush School Capstone Group: Caitlin Buck, Cody Cravatt, Paul Fagin, Angela Finney, Rafael Gomes, Sandy Shan, Bjorne Skarboe, Brenda... Sarmiento Quezada and Jason Wagner Faculty Advisor: Dr. Arnold Vedlitz Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1859711 Bush School of Government Immigration Reform: Policies and Implementation 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Americans...

  11. The income distributive implications of recent private health insurance policy reforms in Australia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alfons Palangkaraya; Jongsay Yong; Elizabeth Webster; Peter Dawkins

    2009-01-01

    The Australian government implemented a series of private health insurance (PHI) policy reforms between 1997 and 2000. As\\u000a a result, the proportion of the population with PHI coverage increased by more than 35%. However, this study found significant\\u000a evidence that the policy reform disproportionately favours high-income earners. In particular, the 30% premium subsidy represents\\u000a a windfall gain for households which

  12. The politics of local hospital reform: a case study of hospital reorganization following the 2002 Norwegian hospital reform

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background The Norwegian hospital reform of 2002 was an attempt to make restructuring of hospitals easier by removing politicians from the decision-making processes. To facilitate changes seen as necessary but politically difficult, the central state took over ownership of the hospitals and stripped the county politicians of what had been their main responsibility for decades. This meant that decisions regarding hospital structure and organization were now being taken by professional administrators and not by politically elected representatives. The question raised here is whether this has had any effect on the speed of restructuring of the hospital sector. Method The empirical part is a case study of the restructuring process in Innlandet Hospital Trust (IHT), which was one of the largest enterprise established after the hospital reform and where the vision for restructuring was clearly set. Different sources of qualitative data are used in the analysis. These include interviews with key actors, observational data and document studies. Results The analysis demonstrates how the new professional leaders at first acted in accordance with the intentions of the hospital reform, but soon chose to avoid the more ambitious plans for restructuring the hospital structure and in fact reintroduced local politics into the decision-making process. The analysis further illustrates how local networks and engagement of political representatives from all levels of government complicated the decision-making process surrounding local structural reforms. Local political representatives teamed up with other actors and created powerful networks. At the same time, national politicians had incentives to involve themselves in the processes as supporters of the status quo. Conclusion Because of the incentives that faced political actors and the controversial nature of major hospital reforms, the removal of local politicians and the centralization of ownership did not necessarily facilitate reforms in the hospital structure. Keeping politics at an arm's length may simply be unrealistic and further complicate the politics of local hospital reforms. PMID:19930553

  13. Medicaid and State Health Care Reform: Process, Programs, and Policy Options

    PubMed Central

    Rotwein, Suzanne; Boulmetis, Maria; Boben, Paul J.; Fingold, Helaine I.; Hadley, James P.; Rama, Kathy L.; Van Hoven, Debbie

    1995-01-01

    Health care reform is a continuously evolving process. The States and the Federal Government have struggled with policy issues to combat escalating Medicaid expenditures while ensuring access and quality of care to an ever-expanding population. In the absence of national health care reform, States are increasingly relying on Federal waivers to develop innovative approaches to address a myriad of issues associated with the present health care delivery system. This article provides a summary of State health care reform efforts that have been initiated under Federal waiver authority. PMID:10142572

  14. Middle Grades Reform. Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blazer, Christie

    2008-01-01

    Researchers and policymakers have pointed to the lagging scores of eighth graders on international, national, and state assessments as evidence that students are not prepared to meet high academic standards and that middle grades reform is needed. In response to these concerns, educators have introduced reforms designed to provide middle-level…

  15. School Finance Reform in Texas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Billy D.

    Texas public school finance is undergoing reform in response to a state Supreme Court decision in Edgewood I.S.D. v. Kirby, that declared the school finance system in violation of the "efficient clause" of the state constitution. State aid has declined since 1984 due to state revenue constraints, reform mandates largely funded from local taxes,…

  16. Emotional Intelligence and Educational Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neophytou, Lefkios

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on the notion of educational reform and discusses Emotional Intelligence (EI) in the context of the modernist-postmodernist debate. It is argued that through the application of EI into contemporary societies a new wave of reform emerges that provides science with normative power over the emotional world of individuals. This…

  17. School Reform: Past and Present.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parker, Franklin

    United States educational history is full of uncertain reform attempts beginning with colonial New England's school reform goal of salvation in this world as a preparation for eternal life in the next. A more practical type of education characterized the Early National Period. Monitorial schools and communal schools, as in New Harmony, Indiana,…

  18. George's Complaint: Reforming the Dragon

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buxton, Bruce

    2007-01-01

    The evangelical tone and history of American culture has long been identified as a force for anti-intellectualism. The metaphors of educational reform are a demonstration of how this plays out. The very nature of the positivist social science research used to support proposed reform is anti-intellectual and feeds a debate that favors extremes over…

  19. Financial reform lessons and strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerard Caprio Jr; Izak Atiyas; James Hanson

    1993-01-01

    The argument in favor of gradual - but sustained - financial reform is based on two factors. First, the development of borrower net worth will determine the health of the real and, ultimately, the financial sector. Thus, speeding up reforms when borrower net worth is subject to positive shocks - or slowing them when it is subject to negative shocks

  20. Attrition resistant fluidizable reforming catalyst

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yves O. Parent; Kim Magrini; Steven M. Landin; Marcus A. Ritland

    2011-01-01

    A method of preparing a steam reforming catalyst characterized by improved resistance to attrition loss when used for cracking, reforming, water gas shift and gasification reactions on feedstock in a fluidized bed reactor, comprising: fabricating the ceramic support particle, coating a ceramic support by adding an aqueous solution of a precursor salt of a metal selected from the group consisting

  1. Reforming Science and Mathematics Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. J. Lagowski

    1995-01-01

    Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has signed cooperative agreements with 26 states to undertake ambitious and comprehensive initiatives to reform science, mathematics, and technology education. Collectively, those agreements are known as the State Systemic Initiatives (SSI's). Two complimentary programs, The Urban and Rural Systemic Initiatives (USI's and RSI's), address similar reforms in the nation's largest cities and poorest rural

  2. Reforming Teacher Education in Tanzania

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardman, Frank; Abd-Kadir, Jan; Tibuhinda, Audax

    2012-01-01

    It is widely acknowledged that in order to improve the quality of education in primary schools in developing countries there is a need to place pedagogy and its training implications at the centre of teacher education reform. Like many countries in Eastern and Southern Africa, Tanzania has introduced various initiatives and reforms to improve the…

  3. Engaging Teachers in Ed Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steans, Robin

    2012-01-01

    Teacher engagement is crucial to the success of education reforms. Not only can teachers serve as policymakers' eyes and ears on the ground, sharing firsthand knowledge of challenges in the classroom, but their advocacy can be instrumental to passing smart, sensible policies, and their buy-in can make or break reform implementation. Ongoing…

  4. 100% petroleum house

    E-print Network

    Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

    2013-01-01

    I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

  5. Houses undergoing psychoanalysis :

    E-print Network

    Palmon, Ruth, 1970-

    2002-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to explore the relationship between the self and the house. In approaching the subject, my assumptions were that the basic condition of the house-self relationship is of tension and animosity ...

  6. Insulator for laser housing

    DOEpatents

    Duncan, David B. (Auburn, CA)

    1992-01-01

    The present invention provides a heat-resistant electrical insulator adapted for joining laser housing portions, which insulator comprises: an annulus; a channel in the annulus traversing the circumference and length of the housing; at least two ports, each communicating with the channel and an outer surface of the housing; and an attachment for securely attaching each end of the annulus to a laser housing member.

  7. Traditional Housing Demand Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harry J. F. M. Boumeester

    \\u000a This chapter starts with a description of general research into housing preferences. Next, the procedure for the move from\\u000a measuring housing preferences to housing demand research is explained. Furthermore, a state of the art of studies that have\\u000a applied the transverse, or cross-sectional, approach in the analysis of housing demand is provided. In the final section,\\u000a an example of a

  8. Reading Like a Historian: Progressive Social Reformers SAC

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Stanford History Education Group

    2012-10-22

    In this lesson, students analyze primary sources and engage in a Structured Academic Controversy in an effort to answer the central historical question: What were the attitudes of Progressive social reformers toward immigrants? Students first read their textbook’s passage on the Social Gospel and Settlement Houses. The teacher reviews the material, emphasizing main points, and then streams a brief film clip (link included) about women in the Progressive era. Students then divide into groups of 4 and into pairs within each group. Each pair presents the argument to the other that social reformers were either (Pair A) generous and helpful or (Pair B) condescending and judgmental. Only at the end can students abandon their previous positions, reach consensus in writing as a group, and defend that view in a final class discussion: how did social attitudes then differ from those of today?

  9. Catalytic reforming optimization

    SciTech Connect

    Mazina, S.G.; Rybtsov, V.V.; Priss-Titarenko, T.A.

    1988-11-10

    The authors have previously examined correlations between catalytic reforming parameters for an L-35-6 unit at the Gor'knefteorgsintez Industrial Association. Experimental design was used to derive polynomial equations describing the correlations for each reactor. Further research on optimizing the reforming has been based on these results. They adopted the following strategy to define the best working parameters: they define a temperature that would provide the maximum target-product yield while maintaining a given working life. Most of the aromatic hydrocarbons are formed by the naphthene dehydrogenation, which is endothermic, so the greater the temperature drop over the height, the more rapid the process. The temperature difference thus indicates the current catalyst activity. To increase the target-product yield, one must raise the inlet temperature and ensure the largest drop across the catalyst. They examined an algorithm with fixed inlet conditions as regards flow rate and raw material composition. This algorithm provides the basis of software for the automatic control of the L-35-6 reactor unit at the Gor'knefteorgsintez Industrial Association. The system has been checked out and put into experimental operation.

  10. HOUSING GUARANTEE Apply Online

    E-print Network

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    . Housing Costs Costs for on-campus housing depend on the community, room/apartment type, contract length ­ Freshmen 201415 Total Cost Mesa Court / Middle Earth Special interest theme halls. Single, double campus. Dining commons are located in the Mesa Court and Middle Earth housing communities, and meal plans

  11. The Hispanic Housing Crisis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolbeare, Cushing N.; Canales, Judith A.

    This report examines the housing characteristics and needs of Hispanic households in the United States, drawing on information from the 1980 Census and the 1983 Annual Housing Survey. Among the conclusions are the following: (1) housing quality is a major problem for more than one in six Hispanic families; (2) among Hispanic subgroups, Puerto…

  12. Housing And Welfare

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irene Rochlitz

    The way a cat is housed will have a significant impact on its welfare. The range of housing conditions in which cats may be kept include boarding, breeding and quarantine catteries, shelters, research facilities, veterinary practices and the home. Drawing on ethological principles, the evolutionary history of the cat and studies of cats kept in different conditions, the housing requirements

  13. Falmer Sports Falmer House

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Slope 5 Kent House 8 Kulukundis House 9 Lancaster House 7 Lewes Court 2 Business, Management History and Philosophy F Fulton 30 Genome Centre 48 Hastings 34 Health Centre 6 Institute of Development Institute 22 Thermo-Fluid Mechanics Research Centre (TFMRC) 40 Trafford Centre 38 Visitors' car park VP

  14. Hartford Ave. Public Housing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chet Smolski

    1985-01-01

    The working class housing of the Hartford neighborhood was destroyed when the Route 6 connector was built to alleviate traffic in Olneyville Square. Low-income housing (Hartoford Park Public Housing Project seen here) was built on Corbusian principles of the Radiant City (1935). The mills behind the Atlantic Furniture Mills were demolished and the land is currently Woonasquatucket River Greenway which

  15. Reforming Practice or Modifying Reforms?: Elementary Teachers' Response to the Tools of Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Leigh K.; Southerland, Sherry A.

    2007-01-01

    Understanding the interaction between internally constructed and externally imposed aspects of the teaching context may be the missing link between calls for school reform and teachers' interpretation and implementation of that reform. Although the context of the local school culture has a profound impact on teachers, there are other external…

  16. Reforming practice or modifying reforms?: Elementary teachers' response to the tools of reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leigh K. Smith; Sherry A. Southerland

    2007-01-01

    Understanding the interaction between internally constructed and externally imposed aspects of the teaching context may be the missing link between calls for school reform and teachers' interpretation and implementation of that reform. Although the context of the local school culture has a profound impact on teachers, there are other external forces that are specifically aimed at influencing teachers' pedagogical and

  17. Electron-induced dry reforming of methane in a temperature-controlled dielectric barrier discharge reactor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xuming; Cha, Min Suk

    2013-10-01

    Dry reforming of methane has the potential to reduce the greenhouse gases methane and carbon dioxide and to generate hydrogen-rich syngas. In reforming methane, plasma-assisted reforming processes may have advantages over catalytic processes because they are free from coking and their response time for mobile applications is quick. Although plasma-assisted reforming techniques have seen recent developments, systematic studies that clarify the roles that electron-induced chemistry and thermo-chemistry play are needed for a full understanding of the mechanisms of plasma-assisted reformation. Here, we developed a temperature-controlled coaxial dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) apparatus to investigate the relative importance of electron-induced chemistry and thermo-chemistry in dry reforming of methane. In the tested background temperature range 297-773 K, electron-induced chemistry, as characterized by the physical properties of micro-discharges, was found to govern the conversions of CH4 and CO2, while thermo-chemistry influenced the product selectivities because they were found to depend on the background temperature. Comparisons with results from arc-jet reformation indicated that thermo-chemistry is an efficient conversion method. Our findings may improve designs of plasma-assisted reformers by using relatively hotter plasma sources. However, detailed chemical kinetic studies are needed.

  18. The Best of Head Start: Learning from Model Programs. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Education Reform of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session. Serial No. 109-7

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US House of Representatives, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In commencing this Hearing, the Honorable Michael N. Castle, Chairman, Subcommittee on Education Reform, Committee on Education and the Workforce, states that Head Start is a good program that can be made stronger. He acknowledges that, despite the many success stories in the program, the Subcommittee has also heard troubling stories about program…

  19. Welfare Reform: Reauthorization of Work and Child Care. Hearing before the Subcommittee on 21st Century Competitiveness of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Ninth Congress, First Session (March 15, 2005). Serial Number 109-4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US House of Representatives, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this hearing was to hear testimony on the effects of welfare reform and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families block grant, and to examine one of the most important work supports available to low-income families, Federal child care assistance. The opening statements were delivered by the Honorable Howard P. "Buck" McKeon,…

  20. Government Technology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This informative Web site has a host of resources about government technology practices and issues. The main page is updated daily with news stories about homeland security, Internet trends, and more. An online magazine is published monthly; for example, the April 2003 issue has an interesting article on computer systems that monitor online activity and whether they justify Big Brother concerns. The Govtech.net library offers free access to white papers and case studies.

  1. National health care reform and a single-payer system: messiah or pariah?

    PubMed

    Norato, J F

    1997-01-01

    U.S. health care spending consumed about 14% of the GDP in 1992 and current trends threaten to boost this figure to 18% by the year 2000 (CBO, 1992). Our health care delivery system needs an overhaul but there is evidently little consensus on what format a new system should follow. Persuasive befuddling, and frequently contradictory, suggestions have ranged from the federal government's active involvement in a single-payer national health care plan to enactment of a nationwide mandate compelling (taxing?) employers to provide a minimum health benefit package to all workers. There were two common objectives shared by the major, recently contending health care reform proposals: first, to provide universal access to health care with assurances that coverage is maintained when economic circumstances change or when someone experiences poor health; second, to stunt the growth rate of health care spending nationally. Single-payer alternatives, previously introduced by Congressman McDermott and others, would have required a heavy federal subsidy, regulation, and blocking directing each state to establish and administer a health care system covering its entire population. Currently, the single-payer system has become a fading contender in a dissolving list of health care reform options that previously included a new, widely publicized option embracing managed care and so-called "managed competition." Most recently, however, the single-payer proposals have apparently gone nowhere, seriously sustaining sound political defeat. Divergent views of proponents and detractors of a single-payer plan, its funding and operation, are presented. It has become extremely difficult to get Congress to advance any particular proposal because of dire, unsubstantiated socioeconomic impact hypothesizing and the unrestrained politicizing of the health policy formulation process. On February 10th, 1994, the prestigious American College of Surgeons literally stunned the national health care community by its surprise public declaration of conceptual support for the still highly controversial legislative health care reform long-shot, the Single Payer Health Plan (Mcllarth, 1994). As individual physicians weighed the contentious single-payer health care issue against alternatives (O'Heany and Berry, 1994), many health care provider groups even now remain adamantly opposed to a single-payer system (Mitka, 1994), not unexpectedly including the vocally conservative leadership of the American Medical Association (Culhane, 1994; Cotton, 1994). As spokesman for the American College of Surgeons (ACS). Chairman David Murray MD, indicated that the 60,000-member group acted out of frustration with current insurer-run managed care plans and a desire to bring out reforms that permit patients to choose the physician or surgeon. At the time, Murray emphasized that the college had not endorsed any specific single-payer bills that were pending then in Congress and had a number of significant differences with the former leading contenders which had been sponsored by Rep. Jim McDermott MD (D. Wash.) and Sen. Paul Wellstone (D. Minn) (Mcllarth, 1994). However, testifying subsequently before the House Committee on Education and Labor, Dr. Murray said that single-payer approaches probably present the best assurances that patients could seek care from any physician they choose and that single-payer approaches could probably be made more simple and administratively workable (Cotton, 1994). Again, that time, Dr. Murray expressed concern about the extensive power that would have been granted to health insurance purchasing under the now defunct Clinton administration's "managed competition" health care reform package, HR 3600 (Ibid.). These concerns were shared by others (Geisel, 1993; Wagner, 1993). (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED) PMID:10168172

  2. Reform city councils and municipal employees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey S. Zax

    1990-01-01

    The theory of reform predicts that reform municipal institutions should be less indulgent of special interests than are traditional institutions. However, reform city councils have unambiguously positive effects on city employment levels and compensation for municipal employees. These effects are inconsistent with reform predictions.

  3. Principles and practice of social security reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alvaro Castro-Gutiérrez

    Summary This paper is intended to provide an insight into the principles and the practical experience observed in the process of social security reform. In the first place, the paper reviews the main ideas behind social security reform, the main features of proposed reform approaches and the goals established in both economic and social terms. An overview of main reformed

  4. Analysing French Pension Reforms Anne Lavigne *

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Analysing French Pension Reforms Anne Lavigne * June 2003 Abstract: In 1982, the French socialist in French pension system reforms since the French parliament started to examine a new pension reform to be eligible to full pension benefits. In 1993, the Balladur reform modified the pay-as-you-go basic private

  5. Reforming Land and Real Estate Markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmed Galal; Omar Razzaz

    1999-01-01

    Some World Bank-supported efforts at land and real estate reform have too narrow a technical focus, at the expense of institutional reform. Some emphasize one set of reforms (such as mortgage finance) while ignoring others essential to those reforms (such as clear property rights and land registration). Some emphasize one sector (such as urban land) while ignoring its interaction with

  6. Implications of the new political realities on healthcare reform.

    PubMed

    2010-11-01

    With the recent change in power in the US House of Representatives that will take effect in January, questions arise regarding potential modifications to some features in the healthcare reform bill and its implementation. With many provisions scheduled to take effect between 2011 and 2014, the political implications of the elections have an immediate practical relevance to health plans, employers, and other healthcare stakeholders. American Health & Drug Benefits discussed some of these issues with Dan Mendelson, who served in the Clinton administration between 1997 and 2000, when there was a similar division of party power between Congress and the administration. PMID:25126329

  7. Reforming the mission of public dental services.

    PubMed

    Wright, F A C; List, P F

    2012-10-01

    Australia has a complex history of providing public dental services to its communities. From the early days of Colonial settlement, the provision of dental care to the Australian public has largely been driven and influenced by organized groups and associations of dentists. The Constitution of Australia, under Section 51 xxiii A, allows for the Commonwealth to provide for medical and dental services. Unlike the United Kingdom, however, dental services have not been embedded into a universal national health service agenda. In 1974, that the Australian Government through the Australian School Dental Program provided the first funding and national direction for public dental services - and that, limited to children. The Commonwealth Dental Health Program 1993-1997 was the second national endeavor to provide public dental services, this time to financially disadvantaged adults. Since that time, public dental service responsibility has been shuttled between States/Territories and the Commonwealth. A new paradigm for public dental services in Australia requires strong Commonwealth leadership, as well as the commitment of State and Territories and the organized dental profession. The National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission provided the most recent scenario for a radical change in mission. This paper canvases the competing roles of strategic, functional, and structural issues in relationship to social network and policy issues, which must be recognized if Australians truly seek to reform public dental services. PMID:22998313

  8. 31 CFR 210.3 - Governing law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE § 210.3 Governing law...part, which has the force and effect of Federal law. (b) Incorporation...Treasury Financial Manual and the Green Book. The Treasury Financial...Hyattsville, MD 20782. The Green Book is available for...

  9. 31 CFR 210.3 - Governing law.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...PARTICIPATION IN THE AUTOMATED CLEARING HOUSE § 210.3 Governing law...part, which has the force and effect of Federal law. (b) Incorporation...Treasury Financial Manual and the Green Book. The Treasury Financial...Hyattsville, MD 20782. The Green Book is available for...

  10. Health reform: setting the agenda for long term care.

    PubMed

    Hatch, O G; Wofford, H; Willging, P R; Pomeroy, E

    1993-06-01

    The White House Task Force on National Health Care Reform, headed by First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, is expected to release its prescription for health care reform this month. From the outset, Clinton's mandate was clear: to provide universal coverage while reining in costs for delivering quality health care. Before President Clinton was even sworn into office, he had outlined the major principles that would shape the health reform debate. Global budgeting would establish limits on all health care expenditures, thereby containing health costs. Under a system of managed competition, employers would form health alliances for consumers to negotiate for cost-effective health care at the community level. So far, a basic approach to health care reform has emerged. A key element is universal coverage--with an emphasis on acute, preventive, and mental health care. Other likely pieces are employer-employee contributions to health care plans, laws that guarantee continued coverage if an individual changes jobs or becomes ill, and health insurance alliances that would help assure individual access to low-cost health care. What still is not clear is the extent to which long term care will be included in the basic benefits package. A confidential report circulated by the task force last month includes four options for long term care: incremental Medicaid reform; a new federal/state program to replace Medicaid; a social insurance program for home and community-based services; or full social insurance for long term care. Some work group members have identified an additional option: prefunded long term care insurance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:10126659

  11. Post-Tsunami Reconstruction in Sri Lanka: Houses or Housing?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khazai, B.; Franco, G.; Ingram, J. C.; Rumbaitis del Rio, C.

    2005-12-01

    Reconstruction can be an opportunity to address longer-term livelihood vulnerability within poor communities and households, and to empower the most vulnerable. The post-tsunami reconstruction efforts in Sri Lanka can be seen on two disconnected scales. On a local scale there seems to be a growing recognition by district-level government and NGOs on the importance of households in creating social, human and financial capital, as demonstrated by many programs targeted at rebuilding livelihoods and income-generating activities. On a national scale, however, programs have revealed an emphasis on houses as the physical capital rather than housing as the arena of social and economic life. The aim of national-scale programs is to deliver tangible and quantifiable products, in the form of houses built, often without regard of whether this complements or disrupts livelihoods. One example of such a directive is the implementation of a coastal buffer zone which will ban any new construction within a 100 to 200 meter band from the ocean and allowing only structures that sustained less than 40 percent damage to remain and rebuild. In general these kind of surviving structures along the coast are businesses such as hotels and restaurants. In an island nation such as Sri Lanka, where beach front property is by and large considered low-income housing, typically inhabited by fishermen who rely on the ocean for their livelihoods, the buffer zone constitutes a drastic oversight of local processes shaping these households. The product-oriented solution on the national scale has resulted in building permanent houses for fishery communities in resettlement sites kilometers away from the ocean. The focus of this presentation will be on reconciling the need for immediate shelter needs with a long-term perspective of livelihood rehabilitation using Sri Lanka as a case study. Houses themselves are often not an immediate priority for local people, whose first need is likely to resume income-generating activities. In normal times, building houses is seen as a multi-stage process often fitted around the local economic calendar: annual farming or fishing cycles for example. Disaster victims may choose to stay in makeshift shelters in the short term, hoping to have more time, money or materials for rebuilding later. A major challenge for the tsunami-stricken areas in Sri Lanka is to find ways of widening public participation in what to date has been a governmental framework that operates on two disconnected scales in its reconstruction efforts. There is a general absence of mechanisms for incorporating community participation into the governmental decision-making process. Local governments might have also been expected to play a larger role in recovery decision making, but frequently lack both the resources and the authority to become actively involved. Lack of participation in the construction process, has led on an over-reliance on outsiders, reinforcing an attitude of raised expectations.

  12. California | Connecticut | Illinois | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New York | Oregon | Vermont | Washington STATES' PRINCIPLES ON REFORM OF THE

    E-print Network

    | New Jersey | New York | Oregon | Vermont | Washington STATES' PRINCIPLES ON REFORM OF THE TOXIC-federal governance should enhance the role of states in TSCA implementation, promote data and information sharing chemical alternatives assessments. #12;States' Principles on Reform of the Toxic Substances Control Act

  13. Power sector policy reforms

    SciTech Connect

    Moscote, R.A. (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States). LAC Technical Dept.)

    1994-06-01

    This article discusses the changes in energy policy of most countries in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. The topics of the article include the new legal and regulatory frameworks being developed, investment, privatized power producers, government regulation, power distribution, power transmission, access to transmission lines, pricing regulations, and increasing capacity of the power systems.

  14. China's Banking Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dick Nanto; Radha Sinha

    2002-01-01

    This article discusses the main problems facing the Chinese banking system and concludes that, despite serious problems, the risk seems small that, in the near future, a financial crisis will occur that will pose severe problems for the international financial system. An internal financial crisis, however, could occur. Without government support, the economic viability of many of China's banks is

  15. What Next in School Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Bernard

    2009-01-01

    This article reviews the current state of education reform in the United Kingdom and uses the BBC film "The Choir to explore alternative ways of improving the quality of learning and teaching in schools.

  16. Preparing Teachers for Curriculum Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutherford, F. James

    1971-01-01

    Describes a set of presuppositions concerning teacher education associated with curriculum reform, including the roles of planning, school involvement, universities, educational technology, and educational research. Strategies of leadership and diffusion of responsibility are also discussed. (AL)

  17. Applications of solar reforming technology

    SciTech Connect

    Spiewak, I. [Weizmann Inst. of Science, Rehovoth (Israel); Tyner, C.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Langnickel, U. [Deutsche Forschungsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR), Koeln (Germany)

    1993-11-01

    Research in recent years has demonstrated the efficient use of solar thermal energy for driving endothermic chemical reforming reactions in which hydrocarbons are reacted to form synthesis gas (syngas). Closed-loop reforming/methanation systems can be used for storage and transport of process heat and for short-term storage for peaking power generation. Open-loop systems can be used for direct fuel production; for production of syngas feedstock for further processing to specialty chemicals and plastics and bulk ammonia, hydrogen, and liquid fuels; and directly for industrial processes such as iron ore reduction. In addition, reforming of organic chemical wastes and hazardous materials can be accomplished using the high-efficiency destruction capabilities of steam reforming. To help identify the most promising areas for future development of this technology, we discuss in this paper the economics and market potential of these applications.

  18. Campaign 2008: healthcare reform revisited.

    PubMed

    Wilensky, Gail R

    2008-10-01

    *An important lesson to be learned from the failed efforts at healthcare reform of the early 1990s is that successful reform cannot be an all-or-nothing proposition. *The McCain and Obama healthcare plans have some elements in common, but they also have important differences. *Whoever wins the election will face the challenge of persuading Congress to go along with his proposal. PMID:18839667

  19. A call for budget reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernard T. Pitsvada

    1996-01-01

    This article calls for reform of the U.S. Federal budget from two perspectives, preparation and content. The first aspect of reform proposes to amend the Budget and Accounting Act of 1921 by eliminating the requirement for an executive budget. It proposes replacing the executive budget submission with a budget prepared by a joint executive-legislative council. While the decision-making process for

  20. Improved poultry house

    SciTech Connect

    none,

    1983-01-01

    The relationship of energy and poultry production was explored in three areas: methane production from litter, broiler house insulation, and broiler house HVAC systems. The findings show that while a methane plant would not be popular with individual American poultry producers; the pay back in fuel and fertilizer, if the plant was located in close proximinity to the processing plant, would be favorable. Broiler house insulation has been dramatically improved since the outset of this study. Presently, all new installations in the survey area are the Environmental houses which are fully insulated. HVAC systems have had to keep pace with the introduction of better insulation. The new Environmental houses HVAC systems are fully automated and operating on a positive atmosphere principal. Ammonia and other problems have been kept in check while reducing air changes per house from a high of 7 per hour to as little as 3 per hour.

  1. Harvard University's Joint Center for Housing Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1959, the Joint Center for Housing Studies (JCHS) at Harvard is a collaborative unit affiliated with the Graduate School of Design and the Kennedy School of Government. The Center's central focus is to "analyze the dynamic relationships between housing markets and economic, demographic, and social trends, providing leaders in government, business, and the non-profit sector with the knowledge needed to develop effective policies and strategies." The site contains links to information about ongoing research projects, educational opportunities in the field, publications, and people affiliated with JCHS. The publication section is quite strong, as visitors can browse through a diverse set of publications (many of which are available at not cost) by thematic focus, including finance, community, development, and industry studies. One of the more compelling recent publications (most of which is available here) is the monograph titled Low-Income Homeownership: Examining the Unexamined Goal.

  2. NASA Tech House

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    The NASA Technology Utilization House, called Tech House, was designed and constructed at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, to demonstrate new technology that is available or will be available in the next several years and how the application of aerospace technology could help advance the homebuilding industry. Solar energy use, energy and water conservation, safety, security, and cost were major considerations in adapting the aerospace technology to the construction of Tech House.

  3. US Housing Market Conditions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The US Department of Housing and Urban Development has made available the full text of this periodical publication. US Housing Market Conditions is a quarterly publication that contains national and regional housing information, as well as historical data tables. Issues from the 1st two quarters of 1997 are available in HTML format, while previous issues are available in text and .pdf formats. Older tables are available in .pdf format only.

  4. Published on 1 March 2011 by authority of the House of Commons

    E-print Network

    Cambridge, University of

    Limited £11.00 House of Commons Committee of Public Accounts Delivering the Cancer Reform Strategy Twenty) Chris Heaton-Harris (Conservative, Daventry) Joseph Johnson (Conservative, Orpington) Rt Hon Mrs Anne McGuire of cancer services 8 2 Better information on cancer services and their costs 11 3 Applying lessons

  5. Work Hours Regulations for House Staff in Psychiatry: Bad or Good for Residency Training?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasminsky, Sonya; Lomonaco, Allison; Auchincloss, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The movement to limit work hours for house staff has gained momentum in recent years. The authors set out to review the literature on work hours reform, particularly as it applies to psychiatric residency training, and to provide two different viewpoints on the controversy. Methods: The authors present the historical background of work…

  6. A Progress Report on the Reforms in D.C. Public Schools. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, Restructuring, and the District of Columbia of the Committee on Governmental Affairs. United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, First Session (September 8, 1997).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.

    A hearing before the oversight committee for the District of Columbia (D.C.) public schools provided the opportunity for several senators and educators to comment on the progress of educational reform in the District's public schools. The hearing was held at a time when the opening of the city's public schools was delayed because of their many…

  7. Regulation reform slows down

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-03-29

    Regulatory reformers in Congress are easing off the accelerator as they recognize that some of their more far-reaching proposals lack sufficient support to win passage. Last week the proposed one-year moratorium on new regulations was set back in the Senate by it main sponsor, Sen. Non Nickles (R., OK), who now seeks to replace it with a more moderate bill. Nickel`s substitute bill would give Congress 45 days after a regulation is issued to decide whether to reject it. It also retroactively allows for review of 80 regulations issued since last November 9, 1994. Asked how his new proposal is superior to a moratorium, which is sharply opposed by the Clinton Administration, Nickles says he thinks it is better because its permanent. The Chemical Manufacturer`s Association (CMA) has not publicly made a regulatory moratorium a top priority, but has quietly supported it by joining with other industry groups lobbying on the issue. A moratorium would halt EPA expansion of the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and alloys the delisting of several TRI chemicals.

  8. The Future of Government: Mixed Economy or Minimal State?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Quiggin

    1999-01-01

    After nearly a century of expansion, the role of government has contracted, at least in qualitative terms, over the past twenty years. The assumption that this is a natural and inevitable trend is mistaken. The success of the 'mixed economy' in the period from 1945 to 1970, and the limited benefits generated so far by reforms aimed at a contraction

  9. Yuri Biondi Governing the Business Enterprise: Ownership, Institutions,

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    in recent decades. Concerns are increasingly expressed regarding fair value and mark-to-market accounting: corporate governance, corporate law and regulation, accounting standards, shareholders value, financial to the primacy of shareholder value that frames and shapes the received system. Not only do reforms appear

  10. Governance regulatory changes, International Financial Reporting Standards adoption, and New Zealand audit and non-audit fees: empirical evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul A. Griffin; David H. Lont; Yuan Sun

    2009-01-01

    AbstractThis study examines the association between overseas and New Zealand governance regulatory reforms and New Zealand companies’ audit and non-audit fees. Our models use temporal and International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) indicator variables to relate the timing of the fee changes to the incidence of the overseas and local reforms. We find that audit fees increased in New Zealand over

  11. 1. HOUSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. HOUSE, VIEW TO NORTHEAST, SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE ARE IN THE BACKGROUND - Kiel Farmstead, House, East side State Route 4, one half mile south of U.S. Route 64, Mascoutah, St. Clair County, IL

  12. Social change and transformations in housing.

    PubMed

    Dezuari, Edgard

    2009-01-01

    This study aims to illustrate how residential morphology and home-use patterns reflect the transition from semi-nomadism to an urban lifestyle undergone by the Bedouin of the Negev (Israel). Thirty houses and 300 building plans were studied while planners, builders and residents were interviewed. Three types of buildings and home-use patterns were identified. Each type corresponds to a stage in the Bedouin adaptation to urban life in government resettlement towns. The state encourages resettlement by selling developed land at a low price and providing access to subsidies and mortgages, while refusing to develop property and not hesitating to demolish houses built on tribal sites. The houses built over the past 30 years are indicators of Bedouin lifestyle adaptation, as the Bedouin have been increasingly involved in their design. The empirical basis for this study is an analysis of the houses in Tel Sheva, the first of seven resettlement towns built for the Bedouin in the Negev. The houses considered were built between 1972 and 2002, with 1972 marking the beginning of the period in which the Build-your-own-home development scheme was applied to the Bedouin, a scheme in which plots of about 1,000m2 are allocated and owners are responsible for building on them. PMID:20726142

  13. STFC Governance Manual Introduction

    E-print Network

    Crawford, Ian

    STFC Governance Manual Introduction Foreword Our Governance - Topics Corporate Governance Definition & Principles STFC Governance Statement Our Remit Our mission Our Vision Accountability Annual of delegation RACI principles Risk Management Our decision points Our Corporate Development Our Culture

  14. Institutional and Regulatory Economics of Electricity Market Reforms: the Evidence from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Bipulendu

    Five South Asian countries-- India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka -- embarked on electricity market reforms in the 1990's. The dissertation uses the framework of New Institutional Economics to assess the effects on electricity sector performance of both observables elements of reform (i.e. privatization, unbundling, establishment of independent regulatory agencies etc.) as well as the unobservable elements (informal beliefs, habit, norms and culture of the actors involved in reforms). The first part of the dissertation -- econometric analysis of the relationship between observable electricity market reform measures and performance indicators -- finds that for the most part electricity market reforms in South Asia are having a positive impact on the performance of the sector. This is particularly the case for reforms that have increased private sector participation in generation and distribution and have vertically unbundled utilities into generation, transmission and distribution entities. Many of the reforms are positively correlated with higher tariffs, indicating a cost to the consumers from the reforms. The relationship between independent regulation and performance indicators , however, is not established. The second part of the dissertation - analytical narrative of the reform experiences of Gujarat and Nepal -- examines the informal elements (such as beliefs, norms, culture) that motivate behavior and explains how and why reform outcomes differed in these two places. The dissertation finds that the strength of formal institutions rules and the nature of social norms and customs have a significant influence on the outcome of reforms. Aided by the strength of its formal institutional framework and more evolved social norms and customs that encouraged people to follow formal rules, reforms in the Indian state of Gujarat were a success. The weakness of the formal institutional framework and the predominance of relation-based norms and customs in Nepal that led to limited compliance with formal rules, by contrast, limited the success of power sector reforms there. Efforts to reform the electricity sector in South Asia undertaken by governments with the assistance of development agencies such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank have focused to a large extent on getting the content of electricity market reform measures such as unbundling, privatization, and establishment of a power market right. The analysis in this dissertation suggests that such measures will be more successful in places with relatively robust formal rule based systems. Countries that are planning to carry out significant reforms in the electricity sector will benefit from the explicit consideration of the informal norms, habits and customs of the actors that will be affected by the reforms.

  15. Establishing a National Policy on Permanent Papers. Report To Accompany House Joint Resolution 226. House of Representatives, 101st Congress, 2d Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    This report contains amendments to House Joint Resolution 226 to establish a national policy on permanent papers proposed by the House Committee on Government Operations. The main purpose of the legislation is to establish a formal policy that federal records, books, and publications of enduring value be produced on acid free permanent papers. The…

  16. Caribbean House Nicole Meadows

    E-print Network

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    1 Caribbean House Nicole Meadows OVERVIEW The Caribbean House is a program that will educate UVM students and the community around them on the different cultures within the Caribbean. Throughout that embodies the Caribbean. This program welcomes all individuals of different backgrounds, cultures

  17. Multiple pump housing

    SciTech Connect

    Donoho, II, Michael R. (Edelstein, IL); Elliott, Christopher M. (Metamora, IL)

    2010-03-23

    A fluid delivery system includes a first pump having a first drive assembly, a second pump having a second drive assembly, and a pump housing. At least a portion of each of the first and second pumps are located in the housing.

  18. A Functional Housing Market

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    High school teacher Susan Boone asks students to complete mathematical problems on housing prices using the Internet at the Functional Housing Market lesson site. Detailed instructions are provided, and a collection of real estate links from Houston, TX and beyond gives students a sense of real estate information on the Web.

  19. Medicaid Issues in Family Welfare and Nursing Home Reform. Including H.R. 2270, a Bill To Amend Title XIX of the Social Security Act To Change the Medicaid Requirements for Nursing Facilities Based on Recommendations of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (April 24 and May 12, 1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    Two hearings held a month apart examine major issues concerning Medicaid benefits in family welfare and nursing home reform. The first set of hearings discusses the proposed Family Welfare Reform Act of 1987 (H.R. 1720), which is intended to replace the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program of the Social Security Act Title IV.…

  20. [Health system reform in the United Kingdom].

    PubMed

    Matsuda, Shinya

    2013-12-01

    How to control the increasing health expenditures is a common problem in the developed countries. The main causes of this increase are ageing of the society and medical innovation. The UK government has introduced a market oriented health reform in order to balance the increasing expenditures and the quality of care. For example, they have introduced the GP Fundholding, Private Financial Initiative (PFI) for construction of public hospital, and personal budget system (a patient owns a budget for buying health services in the deregulated market). However, there is little evidence indicating the effectiveness of these programs. On the other hand, it is important to strengthen the labor policy in order to maintain the social security system. For example, programs for increasing the employment rate and those for increasing productivity work sharing are such policies. From this viewpoint, the EU countries have introduced a series of active employment policies, i.e., job training for unemployed persons and work sharing. Furthermore, as other authors report in other articles of this volume, the government of the UK has introduced the Fit for Work (FFW) program that intends to medically support workers. PMID:24334695

  1. Regulatory system reform of occupational health and safety in China

    PubMed Central

    WU, Fenghong; CHI, Yan

    2015-01-01

    With the explosive economic growth and social development, China’s regulatory system of occupational health and safety now faces more and more challenges. This article reviews the history of regulatory system of occupational health and safety in China, as well as the current reform of this regulatory system in the country. Comprehensive, a range of laws, regulations and standards that promulgated by Chinese government, duties and responsibilities of the regulatory departments are described. Problems of current regulatory system, the ongoing adjustments and changes for modifying and improving regulatory system are discussed. The aim of reform and the incentives to drive forward more health and safety conditions in workplaces are also outlined. PMID:25843565

  2. Immigration reform, American style.

    PubMed

    Papademetriou, D G

    1984-01-01

    This article reviews the background of the proposed Immigration and Reform Act (also known as the Simpson-Mazzoli bill), which seeks to overhaul US immigration law for the first time since 1952. This bill is consistent with President Reagan's hard line on border enforcement and mandates stiff penalties for those who transport illegal aliens for commercial advantage or private profit. It further offers Mexico preferential treatment in immigration (40,000 additional visas/year). It includes an amnesty program to offer legal status to qualified illegal residents. The bill directs the President to develop a secure national worker identification system and would create a large-scale temporary foreign agricultural program for perishable commodities. Agricultural workers' families would not be eligible to accompany them unless they also obtain temporary visas. Foreign temporary workers, employable only in cases where local domestic workers are not available, must be provided with wages and working conditions equal to those prevailing among domestic workers. Stiff penalties are stipulated for employers who fail to abide with the terms of the program. In the author's opinion, this bill fails to appreciate the global character of international migration and its complexity. It relects a fundamental ambivalence about a strictly controlled main gate versus a back door approach to immigration as well as the conflicting images of the US as a nation of immigrants versus the historical reality of American nativism and xenophobia. Needed are comprehensive initiatives whose mutually reinforcing components can address the multiple dimensions of the immigration problem within a framework that does not ignore workers who have contributed to the economic well-being of the US, regardless of their legal status. PMID:12159575

  3. How Leadership for an ICT Reform Is Distributed within a School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seong, David Ng Foo; Ho, Jeanne Marie

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the process of information communication technology (ICT) reform in a government school in Singapore. The focus is on the distributed leadership actions performed by various individuals, and how the multiple leaders and their leadership practices interacted with one another.…

  4. Do the Merits Matter More? Class Actions under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marilyn F. Johnson; Karen K. Nelson; Adam C. Pritchard

    2002-01-01

    Congress passed the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 in an attempt to discourage meritless securities fraud class actions. This paper uses damages, accounting, insider trading and governance variables to explain the incidence of securities fraud litigation both before and after the passage of the PSLRA. Using a matched sample of sued and non-sued firms from the computer hardware

  5. Environmental Fiscal Reform in Namibia – a potential approach to reduce poverty?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda Sahlén

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, the likely effects of an environmental fiscal reform in Namibia are examined using a Computable General Equilibrium model. Namibia is a natural resource rich country with poverty alleviation as one important target on the policy agenda. One way for the government of simultaneously ensuring both a sustainable use of the resources and a less skewed income distribution

  6. School Reform in England: Increasing Choice and Diversity through Specialist Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Anne; Noden, Philip

    This paper focuses on school reform in England and in particular on the attempts to increase diversity and choice through specialist schools. It examines the extent to which diversity and choice have been introduced into the state (public) education system and then presents key findings to emerge from an evaluation of the flagship government

  7. Educational Reform in Peru. Experiments and Innovations in Education No. 16.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bizot, Judithe

    In 1970 the Commission for Educational Reform, established by Peru's revolutionary government, published its General Report giving a detailed analysis of the old system's shortcomings, a statement of the philosophical principles which should guide any alternative system, and a description of the form which such an alternative pattern might take.…

  8. The Market Comes to Education in Sweden: An Evaluation of Sweden's Surprising School Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bjorklund, Anders; Clark, Melissa A.; Edin, Per-Anders; Fredriksson, Peter; Krueger, Alan B.

    2006-01-01

    A large central government providing numerous public services has long been a hallmark of Swedish society, which is also well-known for its pursuit of equality. Yet in the 1990s, Sweden moved away from this tradition in education, introducing market-oriented reforms that decentralized authority over public schools and encouraged competition…

  9. Comparing Higher Education Reforms in Finland and Portugal: Different Contexts, Same Solutions?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauko, Jaakko; Diogo, Sara

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a comparative analysis of recent governance reforms in both Finnish and Portuguese higher education institutions (HEIs), following the OECD's recent reviews of both countries' tertiary education systems. While in the case of Finland the major problem was identified as being a lack of entrepreneurialism, Portugal was…

  10. Looking at Curriculum Change in Tasmania: Will Essential Learnings Promote Successful Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watt, Michael G.

    2006-01-01

    The release of the Labor government's policy statement, "Learning Together," in December 2000 initiated a long-term systemic reform strategy, which included the first attempt in Tasmania to formulate a new curriculum, the "Essential Learnings Framework." The purpose of this paper is to trace the historical pattern of change in the curriculum in…

  11. From Essential Learnings to Tasmania's Curriculum: Will this Change Improve Curriculum Reform?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watt, Michael G.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to evaluate initiatives the state government announced in 2006 to review the curriculum and assessments, and enhance capacity building and accountability. The methodology for reviewing states' systemic reform policies devised by Achieve, an organisation based in Washington, DC, was applied to identify issues and…

  12. Does Educational Expansion Encourage Female Workforce Participation? A Study of the 1968 Reform in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsai, Wehn-Jyuan; Liu, Jin-Tan; Chou, Shin-Yi; Thornton, Robert

    2009-01-01

    Between 1968 and 1973 the Taiwanese government undertook the most extensive expansion on record of the public junior high school system in Taiwan. This study analyzes the effects of the 1968 education reform and subsequent high school expansion on gender disparities in employment generally, as well in different sectors and classes of employment.…

  13. Competition and Leadership as Drivers in German and Norwegian University Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bleiklie, Ivar; Lange, Stefan

    2010-01-01

    The article analyses how steering and organisation of German and Norwegian universities have developed after both countries with Humboldtian university traditions introduced New Public Management-inspired governance reforms during the first decade of the 21st century. The article outlines different organisation ideals and values involved in…

  14. Reforming public sector : Facing the challenges of effective human resource development policy in Ghana

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. B. Antwi; F. Analoui

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – This paper seeks to explore and understand the public sector reform (PSR) as it affects local governments in Ghana within the context of challenges facing human resource capacity building and development policies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Adopting an exploratory case study design, the research triangulated both secondary and primary sources of data. Primary data generated from self-completing questionnaire and interview

  15. Voices from the Front Lines: Exemplary Science Teachers on Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burton, Erin Peters; Frazier, Wendy Michelle

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to gain insight into the experiences that nationally award-winning, exemplary science teachers have had over their career and examine the alignment of their responses with calls for K-12 science education reform from a selection of prominent commissioned government reports since 1980. From an assessment of the…

  16. A New Deal for China's Workers? Labor Law Reform in the Wake of Rising Labor Unrest

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cynthia Estlund; Seth Gurgel

    2012-01-01

    The 2010 Honda strikes in China marked a turning point in its labor relations regime, not because they were unprecedented but because they followed several years of rising labor unrest. In some ways reminiscent of New Deal labor law reforms in the U.S., rising collective labor protest has spurred government efforts both to improve labor standards through direct regulation and

  17. Financial Sector Reform in China and Viet Nam: A Comparative Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David O'Connor

    2000-01-01

    External and internal exigencies (the Asian financial crisis, WTO membership for China; a foreign investment and growth slowdown for Viet Nam) are forcing governments to tackle with new resolve the twin challenges of state enterprise restructuring and financial sector reform. Without stronger banks, further financial opening bears high risks, but without more profitable state enterprises healtheir banks are likely to

  18. Infusing Humanity into Welfare Reform: A Statement of Principles for a New Social Contract.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HomeBase: Center for Common Concerns, San Francisco, CA.

    This report presents a context for the consideration of welfare reform, and reviews 10 major poverty programs. A linkage is made between government poverty programs and the full panoply of American economic and social interventions through five major themes: (1) quashing the many myths about welfare leads to a clearer understanding of poverty; (2)…

  19. Chapter 5. Income Distribution in Urban China During the Period of Economic Reform and Globalization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Azizur Rahman Khan; Keith Griffin; Carl Riskin

    2000-01-01

    This chapter addresses three issues that are central to understanding the effects of the transition in China from central planning to a more market-oriented economic system. First, what have been the consequences of the economic reforms for the distribution of income in urban areas? Second, what has happened to the incidence of urban poverty? Third, have government policies helped to

  20. Pension politics in France: Patterns of co?operation and conflict in two recent reforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giuliano Bonoli

    1997-01-01

    This article looks at the political side of pension reform in France. Policy makers are caught between two contrasting pressures: increasing expenditure on the one hand, and strong public support for existing arrangements on the other. In the last few years, the government has attempted to deal with the issue on two occasions, with rather different results. First, in 1993

  1. Learning from the Past. What History Teaches Us about School Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ravitch, Diane, Ed.; Vinovskis, Maris A., Ed.

    Reflecting a variety of intellectual and disciplinary orientations, this volume examines major changes in educational development and reform and considers how such changes have been implemented in the past. The material addresses questions of governance, equity and multiculturalism, curriculum standards, school choice. The book has four parts.…

  2. Do governing institutions affect foreign direct investment inflows? New evidence from emerging economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David A. Wernick; Jerry Haar; Shane Singh

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, Western governments and international financial institutions have urged developing countries to undertake a range of institutional reforms to attract greater investment flows and hasten socioeconomic development. But do countries with strong governing institutions and business-friendly policies truly attract proportionally more foreign direct investment (FDI) than those with weaker institutions and a less favourable policy mix? This study

  3. An Ambiguous, Contested Terrain: Governance Models for a New South African Education System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Everard

    2002-01-01

    This paper reviews the development of education governance in South Africa during the 1990s. It outlines ambiguities within and between competing policies, tracing the historical trajectory and explaining its outcome. Apartheid governance, the attempts to reform it, policy options originating within the anti-apartheid movement, and the law passed…

  4. Bureaucratic and Strategic Human Resource Management: An Empirical Comparison in the Federal Government

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Debra J. Mesch; James L. Perry; Lois Recascino Wise

    2007-01-01

    ABSTRACT Proposals to reform the highly regulated personnel system that governs the majority of federal employees are the focus of national debate. This study compares two contrasting personnel systems, authorized by titles 5 and 38 of the U. S. Code, presently used within the federal government. Title 5, which emphasizes uniformity and centralization, typijies the bureaucratic model of human resource

  5. Co-Producing Early Years Policy in England under the Coalition Government

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lloyd, Eva

    2014-01-01

    During the first half of the current Coalition Government, co-production--a form of participatory governance--was implemented widely in the conceptualization, design and implementation of early years policies. Seen as a revolutionary approach to public service reform, resulting in more effective and more cost-effective public services, the joint…

  6. The Inverse Domino Effect: Are Economic Reforms Contagious?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Gassebner; Noel Gaston; Michael Lamla

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines whether a country's economic reform are affected by reforms adopted by other countries. A simple model of economic reforms is developed to motivate the econometric work. Unsurprisingly, the model predicts that reforms are more likely when factors of production are internationally mobile and reforms are pursued in other economies. More interesting is the finding that reforms are

  7. The Inverse Domino Effect: Are Economic Reforms Contagious?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Gassebner; Noel Gaston; Michael Lamla

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines whether a country’s economic reforms are affected by reforms adopted by other countries. A simple model of economic reforms is developed to motivate the econometric work. Unsurprisingly, the model predicts that reforms are more likely when factors of production are internationally mobile and reforms are pursued in other economies. More interesting is the finding that reforms are

  8. Measuring Success of Constitutional Reforms: Evidence from Territorial Reforms in Eight Western Democracies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathalie Behnke; Bettina Petersohn; Andrea Fischer-Hotzel; Dominic Heinz

    2011-01-01

    Studies of constitutional reforms so far have equated formal ratification with a successful reform. The paper goes beyond this narrow focus by adding substantive success as a second dimension based on two indicators: degree of agenda fulfilment and degree to which the reform contributes to solve the constitutional problem. Analysing territorial reforms in unitary or federal states, we distinguish two

  9. US Government Balances Budget

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    de Nie, Michael Willem.

    1998-01-01

    This week's In the News discusses the recent announcement that the US government has effectively balanced the budget for the first time in 30 years. The eleven resources discussed offer a variety of information on this topic. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) recently issued revised projections showing that the federal budget is effectively in the black and should remain that way in the coming decade. The 1998 deficit was once forecast as high as $120 billion, but the new report shows that it will be only $5 billion, a very small amount compared to the overall annual federal budget of $1.7 trillion. If the economy continues to grow at the same steady pace, lawmakers can expect the last vestiges of the deficit to disappear by 2001 and see surpluses as large as $138 billion by 2008. Despite warnings that the economy could slow down and concerns over spending money we do not yet have, lawmakers and the White House are already contemplating ways to spend this expected windfall. Both parties favor some sort of tax cut, with Republicans calling for a larger and more immediate cut than Democrats. The president and many Democrats have declared their support for smaller tax cuts along with expansion of Medicare, child care and other programs. Speaker Newt Gingrich also has called for more spending for defense, highways and scientific research in the event of a surplus.

  10. Turbine housing of turbocharger

    SciTech Connect

    Koike, T.

    1987-09-15

    A turbine housing of a turbocharger is described of the type in which an interior of a turbine housing main body is partitioned into paths, comprising: a turbine housing main body divided into sections in axial direction of the turbine and mated engaging grooves formed in an inner circumferential direction at opposing surfaces of the divided sections of the turbine housing. A partition wall is fitted into the engaging grooves, leaving a clearance in radial direction of the turbine. The partition wall has side surfaces. A partition wall is a supporting member which integrally joins opposing surfaces of the divided sections of the turbine housing main body and which is disposed in the turbine housing main body such that the partition wall supporting member is in coplanar relationship with a flange surface of the turbine housing main body at a gas inlet. It contacts at least one side surface of the partition wall, so as to ensure gas-tightness at the gas inlet in gas flow direction, leaving a predetermined clearance in circumferential direction of the partition wall.

  11. Can ICT Reform Public Agencies?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jansen, Arild; Løvdal, Einar

    This study examines the reorganisation of the administration of admission to higher education in Norway, which has also included the development of a nationwide, ICT-based case handling system. This reform process was initiated out of the need to provide politicians with information for control and regulatory purposes, and the reform resulted in a centralised management information system. This system, however, has evolved into a coordinated but also partly locally delegated decision-making instrument which processes most of the applications for admission to higher education in Norway.

  12. Studies of Education Reform: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anson, Ron; Fox, Jim

    1995-01-01

    In 1990, Congress charged OERI with evaluating the nation's school-reform efforts. Representative planners subsequently called for research proposals in systemic reform, school-based management, uses of time, student assessment, curriculum reform, educator professionalism, school-to-work transition, early childhood education, parent and community…

  13. Whatever Happened to Undergraduate Reform? Carnegie Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchese, Theodore J.

    2006-01-01

    The author asks whether higher education reform has run out of new things to say. The final two decades of the twentieth century were a remarkable period for innovation in undergraduate education. Many of higher education's earlier waves of reform had focused on curricular issues, on what should be taught. The new reformers by and large ignored…

  14. MARGINAL COMMODITY TAX REFORMS: A SURVEY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alessandro Santoro

    2007-01-01

    Abstract.?As noted 30 years ago by Martin Feldstein, optimal taxes may be useless for practical purposes and emphasis should instead be placed on the possibility of enhancing welfare by reforming existing tax rates. In this perspective, marginal commodity tax reforms are gaining increasing attention due to political and economic constraints on large reforms of direct (or indirect) taxation. In this

  15. Reform and Transform with the Arts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Mark

    2009-01-01

    When school leaders think of reform, their first thought is rarely "the arts," but perhaps they've been missing a vehicle that can inspire the adoption of best practices on a schoolwide basis. School leaders across Georgia are using the arts in the core reform areas that were recommended in "Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for High School Reform" as…

  16. Chinese Enterprise Reform as a Market Process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary H. Jefferson; Thomas G. Rawski

    2000-01-01

    The reform of China's enterprise system increasingly reflects the outcome of China's emerging property rights market. We distinguish between a centrally-directed reform strategy, with characteristics similar to those of a Pigouvian tax, and a market-driven reform process, which captures the essential features of a Coasian approach to social cost. The Coase Theorem postulates that eliminating transaction costs and attaching well

  17. INTEGRAL CATALYTIC COMBUSTION/FUEL REFORMING

    E-print Network

    INTEGRAL CATALYTIC COMBUSTION/FUEL REFORMING FOR GAS TURBINE Prepared For: California Energy REPORT (FAR) INTEGRAL CATALYTIC COMBUSTION/FUEL REFORMING FOR GAS TURBINE CYCLES EISG AWARDEE University://www.energy.ca.gov/research/index.html. #12;Page 1 Integral Catalytic Combustion/Fuel Reforming for Gas Turbine Cycles EISG Grant # 99

  18. Globalization and Educational Reform in Contemporary Japan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qi, Jie; Zhang, Sheng Ping

    2008-01-01

    This study explores the notions of globalization as embodied in Japanese educational reforms. Modern institutional discourses of educational reform in Japan have shifted over time and all of these reform movements have been constructed by particular social and historical trajectories. Generally speaking, it has been taken for granted that the…

  19. Assessing Students' Conceptions of Reform Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Star, Jon R.; Hoffmann, Amanda J.

    As the use of National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored, reform- oriented mathematics curricula has become more prevalent across the U.S., an increasing number of researchers are attempting to study the "impact" of reform. In particular, mathematics educators are interested in determining whether reforms are having the desired effects on…

  20. A Brief Biography of Calculus Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schoenfeld, Alan H.

    1995-01-01

    Reflects on the history of the calculus reform movement and the development of course implementation projects, including use of technology in instruction. Highlights several themes permeating reform courses: reform calculus is more hands-on, students are expected to understand complex mathematical concepts in more connected ways, and new…

  1. Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduardo Lora; Ugo Panizza

    2002-01-01

    The future of structural reforms in Latin America is under discussion. The purpose of this document is to synthesize the facts and opinions that underlie this debate. The first section shows that although the reform process has not ground to a halt, it has been incomplete and uneven, both across countries and different areas of reform. The greatest progress has

  2. Comprehensive Reform: A Guide for School Leaders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lockwood, Anne Turnbaugh

    1998-01-01

    This expanded issue explores well-known comprehensive school reform models and provides tools and resources to assist school leaders in choosing reform programs. Case studies provide information about three well-known models: the Coalition of Essential Schools, the Paideia Program, and the Success for All Program. These reforms are discussed in…

  3. Performance Management and Public Sector Reform: The Norwegian Hospital Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom Christensen; Per Laegreid; Inger Marie Stigen

    2006-01-01

    This article addresses the development of new performance management systems related to public sector reforms. One such system is Management by Objectives and Results (MBOR), based on an official OECD model. Such a system tries to establish unambiguous goals, objectivity, and incentive elements into often traditionally trust-based systems embedded in a complex political-administrative context. To analyze such performance management systems

  4. High school reform practices: Does accountability drive reform?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gail Shenkman

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the status of high schools in the implementation of high school reform practices as related to their performance on the accountability measures of Michigan Ed YES! report card grade and adequate yearly progress (AYP). Data from an ex post facto survey was used to assess the status of high schools throughout the

  5. [Colombia: what has happened with its health reform?].

    PubMed

    Gómez-Arias, Rubén Darío; Nieto, Emmanuel

    2014-01-01

    The health reform adopted in Colombia in 1993 was promoted by different agencies as the model to follow in matters of health policy. Following the guidelines of the Washington Consensus and the World Bank, the Government of Colombia, with the support of national political and economic elites, reorganized the management of health services based on market principles, dismantled the state system, increased finances of the sector, assigned the management of the system to the private sector, segmented the provision of services, and promoted interaction of actors in a competitive scheme of low regulation. After 20 years of implementation, the Colombian model shows serious flaws and is an object of controversy. The Government has weakened as the governing entity for health; private groups that manage the resources were established as strong centers of economic and political power; and violations of the right to health increased. Additionally, corruption and service cost overruns have put a strain on the sustainability of the system, and the state network is in danger of closing. Despite its loss of prestige at the internal level, various actors within and outside the country tend to keep the model based on contextual reforms. PMID:25597727

  6. 1. General view, twoandahalf story house at left. (The house ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. General view, two-and-a-half story house at left. (The house next door is George McCraig House, HABS No. PA-1593). Photocopied from December 1957 photograph on file at Philadelphia Historical Commission - Henry Elwell House, 812 South Front Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  7. 7. Keeper's house, fog signal house and light tower, view ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Keeper's house, fog signal house and light tower, view north northeast, west and south sides of keeper's house and tower, southwest and southeast sides of fog signal house - West Quoddy Head Light Station, At eastern tip of West Quaddy Head, Lubec, Washington County, ME

  8. 12. Fuel house and fog signal house, view northeast, southwest ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. Fuel house and fog signal house, view northeast, southwest side of fuel house, west and south sides of fog signal house - Cape Elizabeth Light Station, Near Two Lights State Park at end of Two Lights Road, off State Highway 77, Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland County, ME

  9. 41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does “self-help housing or housing assistance” mean?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false What does âself-help housing or housing assistanceâ mean...Disposal Property for Providing Self-Help Housing Or Housing Assistance § 102-75.550 What does “self-help housing or housing assistance”...

  10. 41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does “self-help housing or housing assistance” mean?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false What does âself-help housing or housing assistanceâ mean...Disposal Property for Providing Self-Help Housing Or Housing Assistance § 102-75.550 What does “self-help housing or housing assistance”...

  11. 41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does “self-help housing or housing assistance” mean?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false What does âself-help housing or housing assistanceâ mean...Disposal Property for Providing Self-Help Housing Or Housing Assistance § 102-75.550 What does “self-help housing or housing assistance”...

  12. 18 June 2008 The government says that the Science and Technology

    E-print Network

    Crowther, Paul

    18 June 2008 The government says that the Science and Technology Facilities Council will commission mismanaged. But the government also told the MPs that their criticisms of the STFC's peer review system were, by micromanaging the activities of the research councils. The government's response to the House of Commons

  13. University of Cambridge The Government White Paper: Students at the Heart of the System

    E-print Network

    Talbot, James P.

    1 University of Cambridge The Government White Paper: Students at the Heart of the System Response's governing body, the Regent House. The Council has also encouraged individual members of the University in Discussion about the Government's recent policies for Higher Education can be read at: http

  14. Understanding Housing Delays and Relocations Within the Housing First Model.

    PubMed

    Zerger, Suzanne; Pridham, Katherine Francombe; Jeyaratnam, Jeyagobi; Hwang, Stephen W; O'Campo, Patricia; Kohli, Jaipreet; Stergiopoulos, Vicky

    2014-05-01

    This study explores factors contributing to delays and relocations during the implementation of the Housing First model in Toronto, Ontario. While interruptions in housing tenure are expected en route to recovery and housing stability, consumer and service provider views on finding and keeping housing remain largely unknown. In-person interviews and focus groups were conducted with 48 study participants, including 23 case managers or housing workers and 25 consumers. The following three factors contributed to housing delays and transfers: (1) the effectiveness of communication and collaboration among consumers and service providers, (2) consumer-driven preferences and ambivalence, and (3) provider prioritization of consumer choice over immediate housing access. Two strategies-targeted communications and consumer engagement in housing searches-supported the housing process. Several factors affect the timing and stability of housing. Communication between and among providers and consumers, and a shared understanding of consumer choice, can further support choice and recovery. PMID:24807648

  15. 77 FR 40310 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance Program: Partial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-09

    ...Housing Administration (FHA) Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance Program: Partial...regulations governing FHA's Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance program (Section...of claim would also allow FHA insured healthcare projects to continue operating and...

  16. 77 FR 26218 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Section 232 Healthcare Facility Insurance Program...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-03

    ...Administration (FHA): Section 232 Healthcare Facility Insurance Program-Strengthening...its regulations governing insurance of healthcare facilities under section 232 of the...Residential Care Facilities, Office of Healthcare Programs, Office of Housing,...

  17. 75 FR 29570 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment Public Housing Agency Plan Revisions...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-26

    ...HUD-50077-CR, HUD-50077-SL, HUD-50070. Members of the Affected Public: Local, Regional and State Body Corporate Politic Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) Governments. Estimation of the total number of hours needed to prepare the information...

  18. Community and change in Jakarta's public housing : the story of Klender

    E-print Network

    Westcott, Jeffrey J

    1984-01-01

    Indonesia, like many other developing countries, has undertaken a major program of providing new housing for lower income people in crowded urban areas, particularly in its capital, Jakarta. The government's experience has ...

  19. GRADUATE HOUSE POSTGRADUATE RESIDENTS

    E-print Network

    Botea, Adi

    responsibilities are brought to your attention. Graduate House: Is non-smoking; Does not tolerate illegal drugs residents responsible for the behaviour of their guests; and Will terminate an Occupancy Agreement for anti-social

  20. Gingerbread-House Geometry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emenaker, Charles E.

    1999-01-01

    Describes a sixth-grade interdisciplinary geometry unit based on Charles Dickens's "A Christmas Carol". Focuses on finding area, volume, and perimeter, and working with estimation, decimals, and fractions in the context of making gingerbread houses. (ASK)

  1. Bantry Gage House

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    Souris River gage house 05122000 near Bantry, North Dakota. USGS personnel were there to measure the streamflow. Streamflow was approximately 17,600 cubic feet per second, stage approximately 15.75 feet....

  2. Hood River Passive House

    SciTech Connect

    Hales, D.

    2013-03-01

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

  3. Cinemicrographic specimen housing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilkins, J. R.

    1979-01-01

    Housing used to observe gravitation effects on specimens embedded in support media, such as agar, supports microbial specimens vertically for time-lapsed cinemicrographic studies. Procedure cannot be performed with conventional microscopes which see specimens in horizontal plane only.

  4. Housing markets : Mexico

    E-print Network

    Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

    2009-01-01

    What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

  5. Atrium House solar revitalization

    E-print Network

    Malamuceanu, Dan Roland

    1984-01-01

    The idea behind the Atrium House Solar Revitalization project, may be briefly presented as: energy conserving, low rise, high density, related- to- the-sky residences. The proposed system consists of a reticulate grid - ...

  6. Controlling House Sparrows

    E-print Network

    Texas Wildlife Services

    2008-04-15

    The small English or house sparrow is common in urban and suburban areas. Their droppings kill vegetation and damage car finishes. They also carry diseases, parasites and insects. This publication lists control methods and control restrictions....

  7. Houses for Dorchester

    E-print Network

    Chalmers, Thomas C. (Thomas Clark)

    1987-01-01

    The intent of this thesis is to develop a design for thirty units of housing responding to the development objectives of the Nuestra Comunidad Development Corporation (NCDC) in the Upham Corner district of Dorchester. It ...

  8. Cultural Narcissism and Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pajak, Edward F.

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: Scholars have described American culture in recent decades as narcissistic, manifested by displays of self-absorption tantamount to a pathological syndrome that has reached epidemic proportions. An education reform movement that is highly critical of public schools, teachers, and students has simultaneously emerged, espousing a…

  9. Five Obstacles to Grading Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guskey, Thomas R.

    2011-01-01

    Educators seeking to reform grading must combat five long-held traditions that stand as formidable obstacles to change: (1) Grades should provide the basis for differentiating students; (2) grade distributions should resemble a bell-shaped curve; (3) grades should be based on students' standing among classmates; (4) poor grades prompt students to…

  10. Telecom reform: progress and prospects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William H. Melody

    1999-01-01

    The dominant activity in telecom reform is now shifting from policy development to implementation. This is a more difficult task that depends heavily on competent, independent regulation in both developed and developing countries. A speed up in the remaining steps to complete full institutional restructuring is needed, including clarification of the roles for national and regional regulation and for international

  11. Calculus Reform: Catching the Wave?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Ivars

    1987-01-01

    Notes some of the concerns about calculus education that were expressed at a recent conference of the National Academy of Sciences. Lists problems with unwieldy textbooks, poor teaching, large classes, and low standards. Suggests that the increasing use of computers and advanced calculators can help reform calculus instruction. (TW)

  12. Enterprise Reform in Chinese Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary H Jefferson; Thomas G Rawski

    1994-01-01

    This paper begins by using a structure-conduct-performance perspective to show that partial reform improved the operation of China's state industries during the 1980s. The authors review the achievements of industries outside the state sector, emphasizing their links to the state sector. The paper focuses on key defects in the industrial system related to finance and ownership; shows how the accelerated

  13. When School Reform Goes Wrong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noddings, Nel

    2007-01-01

    In this much-needed volume, Nel Noddings uses her extensive experience at every level of schooling to challenge the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB). Noddings invites readers to think critically about the ideas underlying NCLB, the reform movement that shaped it, and the processes it has put into play. She considers such questions as: Is money the…

  14. A Note on School Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charles, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Articulates a generalized vision of school reform focusing on student empowerment and learner-controlled instruction. Recommends treating students with respect and dignity as well as encouraging personal development and self-discipline. Envisions a school where individual development is more important than rote learning and arbitrary rules. (MJP)

  15. Misrecognition and Science Education Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandt, Carol B.

    2012-01-01

    In this forum, I expand upon Teo and Osborne's discussion of teacher agency and curriculum reform. I take up and build upon their analysis to further examine one teacher's frustration in enacting an inquiry-based curriculum and his resulting accommodation of an AP curriculum. In this way I introduce the concept of misrecognition (Bourdieu and…

  16. Enterprise reform in Eastern Europe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sweder van Wijnbergen

    1993-01-01

    Enterprise reform is emerging as the core economic problem in Eastern Europe. As privatization has been delayed, a new problem has emerged, largely unanticipated by outside advisers: It is probably possible to run a clear-cut state enterprise efficiently, and it is certainly possible to get efficient performance from a private enterprise. But it is utterly impossible to get anything like

  17. Disability Housing Accommodations Procedures & Guidelines

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    Disability Housing Accommodations Procedures & Guidelines In compliance with Section 504 housing options. With this in mind, the university has established the following procedures to ensure to a location that may better addresses their needs through standard housing procedures. Please see the housing

  18. The Impact of Fiscal Illusion on Housing Values: An Australian Test of the Debt Illusion Hypothesis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian E. Dollery; Andrew C. Worthington

    1995-01-01

    The debt illusion hypothesis holds that taxpayers may underestimate the present discounted value of future tax liabilities under debt finance. The empirical question arises as to whether debt illusion at the local government level can affect housing values. This proposition is evaluated by investigating whether local fiscal variables are fully capitalised into housing values by means of a pooled time-series,

  19. Housing and child health.

    PubMed

    Weitzman, Michael; Baten, Ahmareen; Rosenthal, David G; Hoshino, Risa; Tohn, Ellen; Jacobs, David E

    2013-09-01

    The connection between housing and health is well established. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the child's home, such as cleanliness, moisture, pests, noise, accessibility, injury risks, and other forms of housing environmental quality, all have the potential to influence multiple aspects of the health and development of children. Basic sanitation, reduced household crowding, other improvements in housing and expanded, and improved housing regulations have led to advances in children's health. For example, lead poisoning prevention policies have profoundly reduced childhood lead exposure in the United States. This and many other successes highlight the health benefits for families, particularly children, by targeting interventions that reduce or eliminate harmful exposures in the home. Additionally, parental mental health problems, food insecurity, domestic violence, and the presence of guns in children's homes all are largely experienced by children in their homes, which are not as yet considered part of the Healthy Homes agenda. There is a large movement and now a regulatory structure being put in place for healthy housing, which is becoming closely wedded with environmental health, public health, and the practice of pediatrics. The importance of homes in children's lives, history of healthy homes, asthma, and exposures to lead, carbon monoxide, secondhand/thirdhand smoke, radon, allergy triggers is discussed, as well as how changes in ambient temperature, increased humidity, poor ventilation, water quality, infectious diseases, housing structure, guns, electronic media, family structure, and domestic violence all affect children's health. PMID:23953987

  20. Study on the path of comprehensive reform and development of the People's Hospital of Shimian County.

    PubMed

    Li, Xing-Gui; Gao, Wan-Ming

    2014-04-01

    The People's Hospital of Shimian County is located in the underdeveloped agricultural county of western China with a population of 120,000. In light of the region's geographic location and cultural characteristics, the hospital has laid out a development strategy of becoming a regional healthcare service center-in Shimian and extends services to surrounding regions. Its reform process would start with the overhaul of the personnel system to rejuvenate the hospital's internal operation, and then move towards more comprehensive reforms on corporate governance structure and trans-regional integration of medical resources. On the basis of constructing a digital hospital, we would build an information platform to explore the 'Shimian model' of information-based healthcare reform through regional medical coordination and whole-sector oversight. An appropriate strategy and development roadmap, comprehensively internal and external reforms and persistent culture building, as well as the use of information technology will help put the hospital onto a track of fast and healthy development and in the right direction of healthcare reform that accords with our national circumstances. This article makes a review, summary and analysis of the process and further discusses about how to overhaul the healthcare system through reform and development. PMID:25333011

  1. [Implementation of health insurance reform].

    PubMed

    Fathallah, M; Ben Abbes, R; Chebbi, F; Kechrid, M R

    2001-05-01

    Authors expose in the first part of this article practical modes to implement the health insurance reform under the angle of the mastery of care expenses, at the micro and the macroeconomic levels. Thus they pass in review the different possibilities to master expenses, at the supply and the demand sides, by identifying advantages and risks of each of they and by specifying orientations of the health insurance reform in this area: the moderating ticket, contractual payment methods of hospitals and health professionals, the path of care, the refund of care expenses, the rationalization of consumption of medicines and complementary examinations and the harmonious development of care supply by a better public and private mix. A particular accent is put on preliminaries and implementation conditions of the prospective payment of providers and organizational conditions of care provision, from general practitioner that would become the main entry of the care system. In a second part, authors pass in review organization and management conditions of social security bodies, needed for the health insurance reform implementation. On the basis of decentralization and a three levels organization (local, regional and central), social security bodies will put in place the most appropriate organization to insure a steady efficient implementation of the health insurance reform, in dialogue with stakeholders. Consultative committees at regional and central levels, regrouping all the intervening in the health insurance, will be instituted. The sought-after objective through this organization is to administer the health insurance, at the strategic, decisional and operational levels, with suppleness, as a changing and dynamic project, in function of flexibility imperatives necessary for the reform implementation. PMID:11515470

  2. Community Context of Sober Living Houses

    PubMed Central

    Henderson, Diane; Trocki, Karen; Evans, Kristy; Wittman, Fried

    2012-01-01

    The success or failure of programs designed to address alcohol and drug problems can be profoundly influenced by the communities where they are located. Support from the community is vital for long term stability and conflict with the community can harm a program’s reputation or even result in closure. This study examined the community context of sober living houses (SLHs) in one Northern California community by interviewing key stakeholder groups. SLHs are alcohol and drug free living environments for individuals attempting to abstain from substance use. Previous research on residents of SLHs showed they make long-term improvements on measures of substance use, psychiatric symptoms, arrests, and employment. Interviews were completed with house managers, neighbors, and key informants from local government and community organizations. Overall, stakeholders felt SLHs were necessary and had a positive impact on the community. It was emphasized that SLHs needed to practice a “good neighbor” policy that prohibited substance use and encouraged community service. Size and density of SLHs appeared to influence neighbor perceptions. For small (six residents or less), sparsely populated houses, a strategy of blending in with the neighborhood seemed to work. However, it was clear that larger, densely populated houses need to actively manage relationships with community stakeholders. Strategies for improving relationships with immediate neighbors, decreasing stigma, and broadening the leadership structure are discussed. Implications for a broad array of community based programs are discussed. PMID:24478615

  3. Reforming the Wannabe Reformers: Why Education Reforms Almost Always End Up Making Things Worse.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pogrow, Stanley

    1996-01-01

    Educational reforms fail because they are usually based on certain myths about training, advocacy, theory, knowledge dissemination, complete restructuring, paradigm shifts, and small-scale studies. These misconceptions result in wasted resources for staff development and dissemination, few professional validation standards, repeat cycles of…

  4. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE CURTIN UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    CORPORATE GOVERNANCE STATEMENT CURTIN UNIVERSITY 25 September 2013 (Version 1.1) Curtin University................................................................................................................5 2. CURTIN UNIVERSITY'S FRAMEWORK FOR INSTRUMENTS OF GOVERNANCE.5 2.1 Introduction.1 Council as the governing authority

  5. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE CURTIN UNIVERSITY

    E-print Network

    CORPORATE GOVERNANCE STATEMENT CURTIN UNIVERSITY 26 September 2012 (Version 1.0) Curtin University................................................................................................................5 2. CURTIN UNIVERSITY'S FRAMEWORK FOR INSTRUMENTS OF GOVERNANCE.5 2.1 Introduction.1 Council as the governing authority

  6. Finding Meaningful Roles for Scientists in science Education Reform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Evans, Brenda

    Successful efforts to achieve reform in science education require the active and purposeful engagement of professional scientists. Working as partners with teachers, school administrators, science educators, parents, and other stakeholders, scientists can make important contributions to the improvement of science teaching and learning in pre-college classrooms. The world of a practicing university, corporate, or government scientist may seem far removed from that of students in an elementary classroom. However, the science knowledge and understanding of all future scientists and scientifically literate citizens begin with their introduction to scientific concepts and phenomena in childhood and the early grades. Science education is the responsibility of the entire scientific community and is not solely the responsibility of teachers and other professional educators. Scientists can serve many roles in science education reform including the following: (1) Science Content Resource, (2) Career Role Model, (3) Interpreter of Science (4) Validator for the Importance of Learning Science and Mathematics, (5) Champion of Real World Connections and Value of Science, (6) Experience and Access to Funding Sources, (7) Link for Community and Business Support, (8) Political Supporter. Special programs have been developed to assist scientists and engineers to be effective partners and advocates of science education reform. We will discuss the rationale, organization, and results of some of these partnership development programs.

  7. Understanding Residential Mobility for Housing Choice Voucher Families

    E-print Network

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    , where they were located or who lived in these units. Data was needed to help policy makers, government the resources to use the IHARP database. To address this problem, IHARP partners provide outreach, education contracts of Project-Based Section 8 developments in Illinois, the Illinois Housing Trust Fund, Illinois

  8. University of California, Davis Student Housing Monthly Late Fee

    E-print Network

    Hernes, Peter J.

    S am ple University of California, Davis Student Housing Monthly Late Fee: The Lease makes of California, Davis One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616-8712 THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIAFOR themselves are incorporated herein by reference, govern all University Students, as well as all state

  9. Waffle House Restaurants hurricane response: A case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Özlem Ergun; Jessica L. Heier Stamm; Pinar Keskinocak; Julie L. Swann

    2010-01-01

    Natural and man-made disasters present an increasing challenge to the management of supply chains for businesses, governments, and humanitarian response agencies. Sharing best practices enables the continued improvement of processes that can further impact lives and livelihoods in the event of a disaster. This case study highlights the experiences of Waffle House Restaurants, which has been nationally recognized for its

  10. The income distributive implications of recent private health insurance policy reforms in Australia.

    PubMed

    Palangkaraya, Alfons; Yong, Jongsay; Webster, Elizabeth; Dawkins, Peter

    2009-05-01

    The Australian government implemented a series of private health insurance (PHI) policy reforms between 1997 and 2000. As a result, the proportion of the population with PHI coverage increased by more than 35%. However, this study found significant evidence that the policy reform disproportionately favours high-income earners. In particular, the 30% premium subsidy represents a windfall gain for households which would have purchased PHI even without the rebate. The amount of such gain is estimated to be around $900 million per year, a large proportion of which went to higher income households. PMID:18548303

  11. White House Issues Scientific Integrity Policies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    2010-12-01

    On 17 December the White House issued its long-awaited guidelines on the Obama administration’s scientific integrity policy. The new memorandum to heads of departments and agencies of the U.S. federal government “describes the minimum standards expected as departments and agencies craft scientific integrity rules appropriate for their particular missions and cultures, including a clear prohibition on political interference in scientific processes and expanded assurances of transparency,” according to Presidential Science Advisor John Holdren, who released the guidelines. Holdren also is the director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). The guidelines require “that department and agency heads report to me on their progress toward completing those rules within 120 days.”

  12. Health Care Reform: Ethical Foundations, Policy, and Law

    PubMed Central

    Sade, Robert M

    2015-01-01

    Health care system reform has enormous implications for the future of American society and economic life. Since the early days of the republic, 2 world views have vied for determination of this country’s political system: the view of the individual as sovereign vs government as sovereign. As they developed the foundations of our nation’s governance, the founders were heavily influenced by the Enlightenment philosophy of the late 17th and 18th centuries—the US Constitution sharply limited the power of central government to specific narrowly defined functions, and the economic system was largely laissez faire, that is, economic exchange was mostly free of government regulation and securing individual liberty was a high priority. This situation has slowly reversed—the federal government originally was narrowly limited, but now it dominates states and individuals. The economic system has followed, lagging by several decades, so although it still retains some features of laissez faire capitalism, federal and state regulation have produced a decidedly mixed economy. PMID:22626914

  13. Reform of China's Technical and Vocational Education in the Transition from a Planned Economy System to a Socialist Market Economy System--A Case Study. Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Zuguang; Zeng, Zida

    Since the early 1990s, China's government has followed a socialist market economy system. Accordingly, the technical and vocational education (TVE) should be restructured to meet its needs. Reform of the TVE system has four aspects. First, reform of the planning system includes a move from a central plan of enrollment to planning according to…

  14. Health care reform and air medical transport services.

    PubMed

    Weil, T P

    1995-01-01

    American medical centers provide, at significant operating losses, air medical transport services to improve trauma care and interhospital transfers. These programs are cross subsidized by the publicity that encourages high-payer classification patients to seek out these facilities for their tertiary services. This article argues that as American health reform focuses more on constraining costs and as more belt tightening is needed, health managers and physicians will prefer giving up their "flying billboards" rather than their sophisticated tertiary services. It is proposed that, because of fiscal constraints, we might be forced to use the Australian or German Emergency Medical Services (EMS) model. This approach would require that we spin off the air medical transport and ground ambulance services from their present governance structures, and manage and fund these programs directly through statewide EMS-type governing boards with their own chief executive officers and staff. PMID:7673634

  15. An empirical study of the effects of land supply and lease conditions on the housing market : A case of Hong Kong

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eddie Chi-man Hui

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this research is to investigate the effects of land supply (LS) and lease conditions on the housing market. It tests whether there exists a relationship: between LS and housing price, between development conditions in government land leases and housing supply, and to what extent these development conditions affect Hong Kong's supply, of private residential flats. This paper

  16. Reforming primary healthcare: from public policy to organizational change.

    PubMed

    Gilbert, Frédéric; Denis, Jean-Louis; Lamothe, Lise; Beaulieu, Marie-Dominique; D'amour, Danielle; Goudreau, Johanne

    2015-01-01

    Purpose - Governments everywhere are implementing reform to improve primary care. However, the existence of a high degree of professional autonomy makes large-scale change difficult to achieve. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the change dynamics and the involvement of professionals in a primary healthcare reform initiative carried out in the Canadian province of Quebec. Design/methodology/approach - An empirical approach was used to investigate change processes from the inception of a public policy to the execution of changes in professional practices. The data were analysed from a multi-level, combined contextualist-processual perspective. Results are based on a longitudinal multiple-case study of five family medicine groups, which was informed by over 100 interviews, questionnaires, and documentary analysis. Findings - The results illustrate the multiple processes observed with the introduction of planned large-scale change in primary care services. The analysis of change content revealed that similar post-change states concealed variations between groups in the scale of their respective changes. The analysis also demonstrated more precisely how change evolved through the introduction of "intermediate change" and how cycles of prescribed and emergent mechanisms distinctively drove change process and change content, from the emergence of the public policy to the change in primary care service delivery. Research limitations/implications - This research was conducted among a limited number of early policy adopters. However, given the international interest in turning to the medical profession to improve primary care, the results offer avenues for both policy development and implementation. Practical implications - The findings offer practical insights for those studying and managing large-scale transformations. They provide a better understanding of how deliberate reforms coexist with professional autonomy through an intertwining of change content and processes. Originality/value - This research is one of few studies to examine a primary care reform from emergence to implementation using a longitudinal multi-level design. PMID:25735555

  17. Narrative medicine and healthcare reform.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Bradley E

    2011-03-01

    Narrative medicine is one of medicine's most important internal reforms, and it should be a critical dimension of healthcare debate. Healthcare reform must eventually ask not only how do we pay for healthcare and how do we distribute it, but more fundamentally, what kind of healthcare do we want? It must ask, in short, what are the goals of medicine? Yet, even though narrative medicine is crucial to answering these pivotal and inescapable questions, it is not easy to describe. Many of its core claims go against the grain of common sense thinking about medicine. This article argues that the best way to understand narrative medicine is to tell a story that puts its emergence in historical context. PMID:21053060

  18. Plasma-catalyzed fuel reformer

    DOEpatents

    Hartvigsen, Joseph J.; Elangovan, S.; Czernichowski, Piotr; Hollist, Michele

    2013-06-11

    A reformer is disclosed that includes a plasma zone to receive a pre-heated mixture of reactants and ionize the reactants by applying an electrical potential thereto. A first thermally conductive surface surrounds the plasma zone and is configured to transfer heat from an external heat source into the plasma zone. The reformer further includes a reaction zone to chemically transform the ionized reactants into synthesis gas comprising hydrogen and carbon monoxide. A second thermally conductive surface surrounds the reaction zone and is configured to transfer heat from the external heat source into the reaction zone. The first thermally conductive surface and second thermally conductive surface are both directly exposed to the external heat source. A corresponding method and system are also disclosed and claimed herein.

  19. National health care reform and the 103rd Congress: the activities and influence of public health advocates.

    PubMed Central

    Schauffler, H; Wilkerson, J

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study examined the activities and influence of public health interest groups and coalitions on the national health care reform debates in the 103rd Congress. METHODS: Congressional staff and representatives of public health interest groups, coalitions, and government health agencies were interviewed. Content analysis of eight leading national health care reform bills was performed. RESULTS: The public health community coalesced around public health in health care reform; nearly all the major interest groups and government health agencies joined two or more public health or prevention coalitions, and half joined three or more. The most effective influence on health care reform legislation was early, sustained personal contact with Congress members and their staffs, accompanied by succinct written materials summarizing key points. Media campaigns and grassroots mobilization were less effective. Seven of the eight leading health care reform bills included one or more of the priorities supported by public health advocates. CONCLUSIONS: The public health community played an important role in increasing awareness and support for public health programs in the health care reform bills of the 103rd Congress. PMID:9240098

  20. The Challenge of Coaching: Providing Cohesion among Multiple Reform Agendas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tung, Rosann; Ouimette, Monique; Feldman, Jay

    2004-01-01

    This study probes more deeply on defining the "reform agenda" and answering the question, "How do coaches balance pushing the reform agenda and meeting the immediate needs of school staff?" This study first teases apart what coaches mean by "reform agenda" and "immediate needs." The term "reform agenda" has multiple owners: the district reform

  1. THE INVERSE DOMINO EFFECT: ARE ECONOMIC REFORMS CONTAGIOUS?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Gassebner; Noel Gaston; Michael J. Lamla

    2011-01-01

    This article examines whether a country's economic reforms are affected by reforms adopted by other countries. Our theoretical model predicts that reforms are more likely when factors of production are internationally mobile and reforms are pursued in other economies. Using the change in the Index of Economic Freedom as the measure of market-liberalizing reforms and panel data (144 countries, 19952006),

  2. Payment reform: complexities to consider.

    PubMed

    Nugent, Michael E

    2011-04-01

    Providers and payers should take the following actions to prepare for imminent payment reforms from CMS and commercial payers: Adopt industry standard value-based pricing principles. Identify variations in costs, reimbursement rates, and payment terms within your managed care contracts and day-to-day operations. Establish core, evidence-based costs and payments to cover those core, evidence-based costs. Adopt new delivery tactics to manage a sustainable margin on lower unit reimbursement increases. PMID:21548427

  3. The Gains from Pension Reform

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Assar Lindbeck; Mats Persson

    2003-01-01

    We classify social security pension systems in three dimensions: actuarial versus non-actuarial, funded versus unfunded, and defined-benefit versus defined-contribution systems. Recent pension reforms are discussed in terms of these dimensions. Shifting to a more actuarial system reduces labor-market distortions, although limiting the scope for redistribution. Shifting to a funded system may increase saving, redistribute income to future generations and distort

  4. Energy-Efficient Housing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,

    We all know that it takes energy to provide us with the basics of shelter: heating, cooling, lighting, electricity, sanitation and cooking. To create energy-efficient housing that is practical for people to use every day requires combining many smaller systems that each perform a function well, and making smart decisions about the sources of power we use. Through five lessons on the topics of heat transfer, circuits, daylighting, electricity from renewable energy sources, and passive solar design, students learn about the science, math and engineering that go into designing energy-efficient components of smart housing that is environmentally friendly. Through numerous design/build/analyze activities, students create a solar water heater, swamp cooler, thermostat, model houses for testing, model greenhouse, and wind and water turbine prototypes. Students should concurrently be taking Algebra 1 in order to complete some of the worksheets.

  5. Freedom House: Press Freedom Survey 2000

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Published by Freedom House, a non-partisan advocacy organization for democracy and human rights worldwide founded by Eleanor Roosevelt, Wendell Willkie, and others, the 2000 edition of the Press Freedom Survey offers a "country-by-country worldwide assessment of press freedom." This year's study, which examines freedom of the press in 186 countries, pays special attention to government restrictions on Internet access. It finds that "nearly two-thirds of countries, accounting for 80 percent of the world's population, restrict press freedom." Users can download the full text of the 36-page report in .pdf format or view the country reports, methodology, and tables and charts in HTML format.

  6. Africa Governance Monitoring and Advocacy Project

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Established in 2004, the Africa Governance Monitoring and Advocacy Project (AfriMAP) is a project of the Open Society Institute. The Institute's overarching mission is "to promote democratic governance, human rights, and economics, legal, and social reform." As such, AfriMAP works with national civil society organizations in order to evaluate and audit areas that include the justice sector, the delivery of public services, and political participation. Their homepage offers up some of their recent findings through reports like "South Africa: Effective Delivery of Public Services" and "Ghana: Justice Sector and the Rule of Law". Users can also perform a complete search of their online materials by selecting a country and then picking a topic. Those who are interested in their methodology should read their detailed questionnaires, which are available in both French and English. Also, visitors can sign up to receive an electronic newsletter and read their latest call for research papers.

  7. 10. Relationship of residence, claim house, chicken house, west tool ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    10. Relationship of residence, claim house, chicken house, west tool shed, and east tool shed to each other and immediate surroundings, looking west - George Spangerberger Farmstead, 2012 West Illinois Avenue, South Hutchinson, Reno County, KS

  8. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE GENERATING HOUSE SHOWING THE 'HOUSE GENERATOR' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    INTERIOR VIEW OF THE GENERATING HOUSE SHOWING THE 'HOUSE GENERATOR' AND GOVERNOR ASSEMBLY. - Wilson Dam & Hydroelectric Plant, Spanning Tennessee River at Wilson Dam Road (Route 133), Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

  9. 1. Keeper's house, light tower and boat house, view southwest, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Keeper's house, light tower and boat house, view southwest, northeast and northwest sides - Pumpkin Island Light Station, Pumpkin Island, at northern end of Eggemoggin Beach, off northwest end of Little Deer Island, Eggemoggin, Hancock County, ME

  10. 2. Keeper's house, light tower and bell house, view east, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. Keeper's house, light tower and bell house, view east, west and south sides - Bass Harbor Head Light Station, At southwest tip of Mount Desert Island off State Route 102, Bass Harbor, Hancock County, ME

  11. SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE AND HOUSE, VIEW TO WEST/ ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    SUMMER KITCHEN AND SMOKE HOUSE AND HOUSE, VIEW TO WEST/ SOUTHWEST - Kiel Farmstead, Summer Kitchen & Smokehouse, East side State Route 4, one half mile south of U.S. Route 64, Mascoutah, St. Clair County, IL

  12. Historic panorama of company houses (left) hotel (right), transformer house ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Historic panorama of company houses (left) hotel (right), transformer house on hillside above bridge looking northeast. (photographer unknown, ca. 1906.) - Nooksack Falls Hydroelectric Plant, Route 542, Glacier, Whatcom County, WA

  13. Historic panorama of company houses (left) hotel (right), transformer house ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Historic panorama of company houses (left) hotel (right), transformer house on hillside above powerhouse, and powerhouse (far right); view from above bridge looking northeast. (photographer unknown, ca. 1906.) - Nooksack Falls Hydroelectric Plant, Route 542, Glacier, Whatcom County, WA

  14. High temperature ceramic-tubed reformer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Williams, Joseph J.; Rosenberg, Robert A.; McDonough, Lane J.

    1990-03-01

    The overall objective of the HiPHES project is to develop an advanced high-pressure heat exchanger for a convective steam/methane reformer. The HiPHES steam/methane reformer is a convective, shell and tube type, catalytic reactor. The use of ceramic tubes will allow reaction temperature higher than the current state-of-the-art outlet temperatures of about 1600 F using metal tubes. Higher reaction temperatures increase feedstock conversion to synthesis gas and reduce energy requirements compared to currently available radiant-box type reformers using metal tubes. Reforming of natural gas is the principal method used to produce synthesis gas (primarily hydrogen and carbon monoxide, H2 and CO) which is used to produce hydrogen (for refinery upgrading), methanol, as well as several other important materials. The HiPHES reformer development is an extension of Stone and Webster's efforts to develop a metal-tubed convective reformer integrated with a gas turbine cycle.

  15. Health Systems Governance for health equity: critical reflections.

    PubMed

    Labonté, Ronald

    2010-01-01

    This article addresses several issues pertinent to health systems governance for health equity. It argues the importance of health systems using measures of positive health (well-being), discriminating in favour of historically less advantaged groups and weighing the costs of health care against investments in the social determinants of health. It cautions that the concept of governance could weaken the role of government, with disequalizing effects, while emphasizing the importance of two elements of good governance (transparency and participation) in health systems decision-making. It distinguishes between participation as volunteer labour and participation as exercising political rights, and questions the assumption that decentralization in health systems is necessarily empowering. It then identifies five health system roles to address issues of equity (educator/watchdog, resource broker, community developer, partnership developer and advocate/catalyst) and the implications of these roles for practice. Drawing on preliminary findings of a global research project on comprehensive primary health care, it discusses political aspects of progressive health system reform and the implications of equity-focused health system governance on health workers' roles, noting the importance of health workers claiming their identity as citizens. The article concludes with a commentary on the inherently political nature of health reforms based on equity; the necessary confrontation with power relations politics involves; and the health systems governance challenge of managing competing health discourses of efficiency and results-based financing, on the one hand, and equity and citizen empowerment, on the other. PMID:20963302

  16. THE TOWER HOUSE, LOOKING WEST. The tower house provided a ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    THE TOWER HOUSE, LOOKING WEST. The tower house provided a water tank on the second floor that gravity fed water to the Kineth house and farm buildings. The one-story addition to the west of the tower provided workshop space. The hog shed is seen on the left of the image and the concrete foundation of the upright silo is in the foreground on the right. - Kineth Farm, Tower House, 19162 State Route 20, Coupeville, Island County, WA

  17. Land reform policies, the sources of violent conflict, and implications for deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon

    SciTech Connect

    Alston, L.J.; Libecap, G.D.; Mueller, B.

    2000-03-01

    The authors examine land reform policies and their implications for violent conflict and resource use in the Brazilian Amazon. They identify the protagonists (land owners and squatters), derive their incentives to use violence, and show the role of legal inconsistencies as a basis for conflict. The authors describe the government agency involved in land reform, INCRA, and show that its intervention critically affects the actions of both squatters and land owners. Further, they point out the incentives for deforestation under land reform and associated insecure property rights to land. Forested lands are vulnerable to invasion by squatters and redistribution by INCRA. Using data from the Brazilian census and the Pastoral Land Commission, the authors examine the characteristics of regions where violent conflict predominates.

  18. Regulation of pharmaceutical prices: evidence from a reference price reform in Denmark.

    PubMed

    Kaiser, Ulrich; Mendez, Susan J; Rønde, Thomas; Ullrich, Hannes

    2014-07-01

    Reference price systems for prescription drugs constitute widely adopted cost containment tools. Under these regimes, patients co-pay a fraction of the difference between a drug's pharmacy retail price and a reference price that is set by the government. Reference prices are either externally (based on drug prices in other countries) or internally (based on domestic drug prices) determined. We study the effects of a change from external to internal reference pricing in Denmark in 2005. We find that the reform led to substantial reductions in retail prices, reference prices and patient co-payments as well as to sizable decreases in overall producer revenues and health care expenditures. The reform induced consumers to substitute away from branded drugs for which we estimate strong preferences. The increase in consumer welfare due to the reform therefore depends on whether or not we take perceived quality differences into account in its calculation. PMID:24879578

  19. Steam Reforming Technology for Denitration and Immobilization of DOE Tank Wastes

    SciTech Connect

    Mason, J. B.; McKibbin, J.; Ryan, K.; Schmoker, D.

    2003-02-26

    THOR Treatment Technologies, LLC (THOR) is a joint venture formed in June 2002 by Studsvik, Inc. (Studsvik) and Westinghouse Government Environmental Services Company LLC to further develop, market, and deploy Studsvik's patented THORSM non-incineration, steam reforming waste treatment technology. This paper provides an overview of the THORSM steam reforming process as applied to the denitration and conversion of Department of Energy (DOE) tank wastes to an immobilized mineral form. Using the THORSM steam reforming technology to treat nitrate containing tank wastes could significantly benefit the DOE by reducing capital and life-cycle costs, reducing processing and programmatic risks, and positioning the DOE to meet or exceed its stakeholder commitments for tank closure. Specifically, use of the THORSM technology can facilitate processing of up to 75% of tank wastes without the use of vitrification, yielding substantial life-cycle cost savings.

  20. PERFORMANCE OF A DIESEL, JP-8 REFORMER

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Subir Roychoudhury; Dennis Walsh; Deryn Chu; Erik Kallio

    Under a U. S. Army program, Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) has developed and demonstrated an ultra compact and lightweight 2 - 5 kWe diesel reformer and desulfurizer producing <1 ppm sulfur in reformate. The prototype includes a steam generator, fuel\\/air\\/water pumps, premixer, atomizer, igniter, sulfur cleanup and a controller to enable stand-alone operation. The reforming reactor was based on a