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1

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Lucija Muehlenbachs © notice, is given to the source. #12;The Housing Market Impacts of Shale Gas Development Lucija to control for confounding factors, we recover hedonic estimates of property value impacts from shale gas

Habib, Ayman

2

A Functional Housing Market  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school teacher Susan Boone asks students to complete mathematical problems on housing prices using the Internet at the Functional Housing Market lesson site. Detailed instructions are provided, and a collection of real estate links from Houston, TX and beyond gives students a sense of real estate information on the Web.

3

Housing markets : Mexico  

E-print Network

What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

2009-01-01

4

Segmentation in Urban Housing Markets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the hypothesis that urban housing markets are segmented, in the sense that significantly different prices per unit of housing services exist contemporaneously in spatially or structurally defined markets, is tested. A main conclusion is that the market is working fairly efficiently to eliminate price premiums and discounts.…

Schnare, Ann B.; Struyk, Raymond J.

1976-01-01

5

75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

2010-01-26

6

Sustainable construction in Mexican housing markets  

E-print Network

This thesis examines recent developments in Mexico's housing markets as an example of how sustainable construction is being adapted and applied in developing countries. The recognition that the construction, operation, and ...

Jung, Bomee

2007-01-01

7

Charlie's House Marketing Communications Plan  

E-print Network

This is a marketing communications plan for the nonprofit organization, Charlie’s House. Located in Kansas City, MO, Charlie’s House works to provide in-home safety information and education for Kansas City area families. This plan will assist...

Patch, Aaron; Shoptaw, Carrie; Kopp, Melissa

2012-05-08

8

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

...2014-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section 888.113 Housing and Urban Development... § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents....

2014-04-01

9

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section 888.113 Housing and Urban Development... § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents....

2013-04-01

10

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section 888.113 Housing and Urban Development... § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents....

2012-04-01

11

Housing Markets and School Financing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As school quality improves, does the housing market reflect buyers' perception of that change? In 1993, Texas implemented Senate Bill 7 (S.B. 7), commonly known as the Robin Hood financing of local schools, wherein some of the property tax revenues from wealthy school districts are redistributed to less wealthy districts. Data from Dallas County…

Loubert, Linda

2005-01-01

12

Real Estate Brokers and the Market for Residential Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the role of the real estate broker in the housing market. A model of the demand for broker services by both sellers and buyers is developed and conditional logit estimates are presented. Evidence relating to the effects of the brokerage industry on housing market transactions also is presented. Brokers do not seem to affect the prices of

G. Donald Jud

1983-01-01

13

Equilibrium of Housing and Real Estate Brokerage Markets Under Uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to develop a model of the real estate brokerage and housing markets with imperfect information. The paper considers general equilibrium in these markets with and without a multiple listing service. Input prices are found to affect the equilibrium housing price, brokerage commission, and split factor. The introduction of a multiple listing service is found

Chunchi Wu; Peter F. Colwell

1986-01-01

14

Computing the Deficiency of Housing Markets with Duplicate Houses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The model of a housing market, introduced by Shapley and Scarf in 1974 [14], captures a fundamental situation in an economy where each agent owns exactly one unit of some indivisible good: a house. We focus on an extension of this model where duplicate houses may exist. As opposed to the classical setting, the existence of an economical equilibrium is no longer ensured in this case. Here, we study the deficiency of housing markets with duplicate houses, a notion measuring how close a market can get to an economic equilibrium. We investigate the complexity of computing the deficiency of a market, both in the classical sense and also in the context of parameterized complexity.

Cechlárová, Katarína; Schlotter, Ildikó

15

Labor Markets with Imperfect Housing Markets. EDHEC-ADREC Conference Labor Market Outcomes, A Transatlantic Perspectives, January 11 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model is developed that allows for interaction between the labor market and the housing market. A job location has an associated commuting time that may affect the job acceptance decision. Obstacles to mobility, such as regulations in the housing market will affect the reservation strategy of workers. Thus, aggregate unemployment will depend, at least partly, on the functioning of

Peter Rupert; Etienne Wasmer

2008-01-01

16

Leaving home and entering the housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use a multinomial choice model of owning a home, owning a trailer, or renting to examine the housing-market entry of young adults in the USA after they have left the parental home. We also model the choice between renting independently and sharing with roommates. We show that the likelihood of becoming an independent actor in the housing market is

William A V Clark; Clara H Mulder

2000-01-01

17

Essays on Neighborhood Transition and Housing Markets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents new evidence on neighborhood transition and its impact on housing markets using a novel micro-level dataset on housing transactions. It focuses on three issues: the neighborhood effect, housing discrimination, and stable integration. The first essay examines the relationship between increased minority composition and…

Casey, Marcus D.

2009-01-01

18

Studies of the Prefabricated Housing Construction Market in Poland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The directions of development of the construction market are not only related to the need to own one's own home but also to increasing functional and economic requirements and conditions of sustainable development. The perception and understanding of prefabrication in housing construction are undoubtedly starting to change. Sustainable construction criteria may constitute a significant turning point and support for the development of new prefabricated housing construction technologies. Entrepreneurs are slowly perceiving an opportunity for the development of prefabrication in the construction market. The implementation and popularisation of ready-made homes will undoubtedly constitute a favourable change in the Polish construction market; however, this will require a modification of habits. This article presents an historical analysis of the development of the prefabricated housing construction market as well as an attempt to answer questions concerning the future of prefabrication in housing construction in Poland based on the conducted studies.

Radziszewska-Zielina, El?bieta; Gle?, Monika

2014-11-01

19

Tax policy, housing markets, and elderly homeowners  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three essays studying the impact of tax policy on housing markets and elderly homeowners. Chapter One examines the potential lock-in effect of capital gains taxation on home sales, using the ...

Shan, Hui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

20

Panel data analyses of urban economics and housing markets  

E-print Network

The thesis looks three pertinent issues in Housing Market and Urban Economics literature with panel data- home sales and house price relationship, efficiency of housing market and commercial property taxation. For the first ...

Lee, Nai Jia

2009-01-01

21

How "Animal Spirits" Wrecked the Housing Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Real-estate markets are almost as volatile as stock markets. Prices of agricultural land, of commercial real estate, and of homes and condominiums have gone through a series of huge bubbles, as if people never learned from the previous ones. Such events--in particular the recent housing bubble--are driven by what John Maynard Keynes called animal…

Akerlof, George A.; Shiller, Robert J.

2009-01-01

22

LOCATION-DOMINANT HOUSING MARKETS: EVIDENCE FROM BEIJING  

E-print Network

analyzes price tradeoffs between residential quality and location factors in the Beijing housing market. Unlike most housing markets, location factors completely dominate housing prices in this market. The main. To highlight these location-dominance effects, we present a comparative analysis of housing prices in central

Smith, Tony E.

23

7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.353 Affirmative fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must...

2010-01-01

24

The Labor Market Consequence of Housing Allowance Removal: Evidences from Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether and how benefits could affect recipients' self-sufficiency is a much-debated welfare policy issue in developed countries. Given the increasing importance of housing allowances in developed countries' housing welfare system, the labor market implications of housing-related benefits have drawn much attention in recent years. This paper examines the labor market effects of housing allowance removal. To be specific, it compares

Jie Chen

25

A multi-agent model of urban processes: Modelling relocation processes and price setting in housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces an agent-based micro-simulation model of housing market processes. The model describes aggregate housing market developments, such as price and turnover, as the outcome of households’ decisions to search for a new dwelling, accept an offered dwelling or sell their dwelling. An important feature of the model is that households’ decisions are based on perceptions of housing market

Dick Ettema

2011-01-01

26

Labor Market Search, Housing Prices and Borrowing Constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mortgage market deregulation in the early 1980s coincided in time with a sharp break in the cyclical behavior of many variables related to housing and to the labor market. This paper analyses the joint dynamics of labor market variables, output and housing prices in a search model with efficient bargaining and financial frictions. In a setting of household heterogeneity, only

Javier Andrés Domingo; José Emilio Boscá; Javier Ferri

2010-01-01

27

Urban Housing Markets Modelling: Short-Run Equilibrium Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tests for the existence of short-run equilibrium in the urban housing market in Metropolitan Toronto. The alternative hypothesis is the housing market segmented with respect to locational and structural attributes. We found insignificant differences in attribute prices across hypothesized submarkets. This implies that an unstratified hedonic price regressions model, based on the assumption of short-run equilibrium, is equally

Vladimir Bajic

1983-01-01

28

CASE ANALYSIS OF AUCTION MARKET IN BRISBANE HOUSING SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only recently, the average Australian residential property market was experiencing negative growth caused by the decrease of average housing prices in the major capital cities, in particular, Sydney and Melbourne. However, other cities were registering positive growth. In a decade, the average house price in Brisbane has increased by more than 150 per cent. In 1994, the highest average house

Vickey Chiu-Chin

29

Marketing Human Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three human resource development activities: training, education, and development. Explains marketing from the practitioners's viewpoint in terms of customer orientation; external and internal marketing; and market analysis, research, strategy, and mix. Shows how to design, develop, and implement strategic marketing plans and identify…

Frank, Eric, Ed.

1994-01-01

30

Supply constraints and housing market dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the volatility of house prices is often ascribed to demand-side factors, constraints on housing supply have important and little-studied implications for housing dynamics. I illustrate the strong relationship in city-level data between the volatility of house prices and the regulation of new housing supply. I then employ a dynamic structural model of housing investment to estimate the effect of

Andrew D. Paciorek

2012-01-01

31

Departure from the housing market: Effects on housing supply in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ageing of the population in Western societies leads to an increasing primary supply of housing in the existing stock. Ever more older households leave the independent housing market. For the Netherlands this process is expected to create a larger primary supply of housing than new construction does by the year 1995. Deaths of single persons living independently are the

Friedel C. Filius; Frans M. Dieleman; Pieter Hooimeyer

1991-01-01

32

Does hazardous water matter? : evidence from the housing market and the Superfund program  

E-print Network

This paper uses the housing market to develop estimates of the local welfare impacts of Superfund sponsored clean-ups of hazardous waste sites. We show that if consumers value the clean-ups, then the hedonic model predicts ...

Greenstone, Michael

2006-01-01

33

24 CFR 888.111 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability...HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Fair Market Rents § 888.111 Fair market...

2010-04-01

34

Does Hazardous Waste Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market and the Superfund Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the housing market to develop estimates of the local welfare impacts of Superfund-sponsored cleanups of hazardous waste sites. We show that if consumers value the cleanups, then the hedonic model predicts that they will lead to increases in local housing prices and new home construction, as well as the migration of individuals that place a high value

Michael Greenstone; Justin Gallagher

2008-01-01

35

Endogenous Market Segmentation and the Volatility of House Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study an economy where households face transactions costs of participating in the housing market. In response to these costs, households choose to buy and sell houses infrequently. This, in turn, implies that the value of the typical transaction is large relative to income. In this way our model captures two essential features of household-level adjustments to residential capital. Moreover,

Julia Thomas; Aubhik Khan

2009-01-01

36

Crippled Housing Market Complicates Recruiting Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a house languishing in the real-estate doldrums of southwestern Ohio, Edward F. Leonard III and his family have lived apart since he took over as president of Bethany College, in Kansas, nearly a year ago. Their situation is like that of many faculty members and administrators frustrated by housing prices across the country. Existing-home…

Moser, Kate

2008-01-01

37

Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market  

PubMed Central

Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975–2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles. PMID:24413626

Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H. Eugene

2014-01-01

38

Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market.  

PubMed

Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975-2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles. PMID:24413626

Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H Eugene

2014-01-01

39

Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975-2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles.

Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H. Eugene

2014-01-01

40

78 FR 19727 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan AGENCY: Office of the...new projects describe their intent (marketing efforts) to assure that they meet the...of Proposal: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan. Title of...

2013-04-02

41

Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the link between increases in housing wealth, financial wealth, and consumer spending. We rely upon a panel of 14 countries observed annually for various periods during the past 25 years and a panel of U.S. states observed quarterly during the 1980s and 1990s. We impute the aggregate value of owner-occupied housing, the value of financial assets, and measures

Karl E. Case; John M. Quigley; Robert J. Shiller

2005-01-01

42

Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market Versus the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the link between increases in housing wealth, financial wealth, and consumer spending. We rely upon a panel of 14 countries observed annually for various periods during the past 25 years and a panel of U.S. states observed quarterly during the 1980s and 1990s. We impute the aggregate value of owner-occupied housing, the value of financial assets, and measures

Karl E. Case; Robert J. Shiller; John Quigley

2001-01-01

43

Silver bullet or trojan horse? The effects of inclusionary zoning on local housing markets in the United States.  

PubMed

Many local governments are adopting inclusionary zoning (IZ) as a means of producing affordable housing without direct public subsidies. In this paper, panel data on IZ in the San Francisco metropolitan area and suburban Boston are used to analyse how much affordable housing the programmes produce and how IZ affects the prices and production of market-rate housing. The amount of affordable housing produced under IZ has been modest and depends primarily on how long IZ has been in place. Results from suburban Boston suggest that IZ has contributed to increased housing prices and lower rates of production during periods of regional house price appreciation. In the San Francisco area, IZ also appears to increase housing prices in times of regional price appreciation, but to decrease prices during cooler regional markets. There is no evidence of a statistically significant effect of IZ on new housing development in the Bay Area. PMID:21275196

Schuetz, Jenny; Meltzer, Rachel; Been, Vicki

2011-01-01

44

The Population Migration in Taiwan, and its Causal Relationship with Labor Market and Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sets out to empirically examine the interrelationship existing between the labor market, the housing market and domestic interregional migration in Taiwan, with four of the most urbanized population receiving areas, Taipei City, Taipei County, Taichung City and Kaohsiung City, being selected for the study. An error correction model is constructed for each city\\/county using time series data covering

Li-Min Hsueh; Chung-Wen Li; Hsi-Peng Tseng

2002-01-01

45

Agricultural Market Development Abroad.  

E-print Network

the world price. The problem was how to sell the U. S. surplus in world markets without disrupting world trade. Many countries could use additional amounts of food, but they coulcl not bid for dollars in international ex- change to buy proclucer goods...B- 1040 August 19t Agricultural Market Development* TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY College Station, Texas L- TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION, R. E. Patterson,Director CONTENTS Summary...

Kirby, James E.; McNeely, John G.

1965-01-01

46

Price Dispersion in the Housing Market: The Role of Bargaining and Search Costs  

E-print Network

Price Dispersion in the Housing Market: The Role of Bargaining and Search Costs Gaetano Lisi a basic fact of housing markets: price dispersion. The variance in house prices is basically due to both the deal. Furthermore, the house price is substantially determined by bargaining between the parties

Boyer, Edmond

47

Rent Control with Matching Economies: A Model of European Housing Market Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing markets are thin, and consumer search for housing is costly, time consuming, and risky. Mismatches between tenants and dwellings are common in a laissez-faire market. There are scale economies in accumulating tenants and houses and then matching them up to improve welfare. In many European countries, some housing is rent controlled and rationed by public centralized matching. Waiting time,

Alex Anas

1997-01-01

48

Can the Mortensen-Pissarides Model Match the Housing Market Facts ?  

E-print Network

Can the Mortensen-Pissarides Model Match the Housing Market Facts ? Gaetano Lisi Abstract market facts, namely: the existence of price dispersion, the positive correlation between housing price can account for these three basic facts of the housing market, thus showing that the basic matching

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

49

Can the Mortensen-Pissarides Model Match the Housing Market Facts ?  

E-print Network

Can the Mortensen-Pissarides Model Match the Housing Market Facts ? Gaetano Lisi Abstract market facts, namely, the existence of price dispersion, the positive correlation between housing price account for these three basic facts of the housing market, thus showing that the Mortensen- Pissarides

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

50

Air Cargo Marketing Development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The factors involved in developing a market for air cargo services are discussed. A comparison is made between the passenger traffic problems and those of cargo traffic. Emphasis is placed on distribution analyses which isolates total distribution cost, including logistical costs such as transportation, inventory, materials handling, packaging, and processing. Specific examples of methods for reducing air cargo costs are presented.

Kersey, J. W.

1972-01-01

51

Amidst housing market problems, municipalities seek to stem urban decay and affordable housing remains out of reach for many  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housing Rebound Unlikely Before 2009http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=a4nfoY47rBfo&refer=homeFEMA spends almost $3B on emergency housinghttp://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-08-25-katrina_N.htmAdvocates assail suburbs for fighting housing ruleshttp://www.courierpostonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080826/NEWS01/808260371/1006/news01gACORN Housing Corporation [pdf]http://www.acornhousing.org/index.phpU.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development [pdf]http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/affordablehousing/index.cfmEconomists and real estate experts reported this week that U.S. housing prices declined for a fourth straight month, and this news was most unwelcome to those still facing foreclosure on their homes and those who live in large urban areas hit hardest by the housing crisis. The New York Times reported this week that a number of cities (such as Boston and San Diego) are now utilizing both private funds and taxpayer money to buy foreclosed properties in economically isolated and depressed neighborhoods in order to prevent these areas from sliding into urban decay. Not surprisingly, the sale of foreclosed homes to municipalities, along with private investors and others, led to a 3.1 percent increase in home sales during the month of July. Municipalities believe that buying up these properties and rehabilitating them will breathe new life into neighborhoods riddled with foreclosed property and the consequences of urban decay are not lost on municipal leaders, as Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino commented, "Our job as the city government is to restore these neighborhoods. We can't let this cancer continue." Despite the continued decline in housing prices, affordable housing for low and middle-income families remains out of reach in a number of large cities across the United States, including Boston, Seattle, and New York. On a final note, it appears that there will be another type of housing crisis across the Gulf Coast in the coming months, as FEMA prepares to eliminate housing subsidies for thousands of persons displaced by Hurricane Katrina on March 1st. The first link will take users to a New York Times article from this past Monday that offers insight into the efforts of municipalities to purchase foreclosed properties in order to combat neighborhood deterioration. The second link leads to a piece of reporting from Bloomberg's Alison Vekshin that indicates that the housing market will most likely not rebound until the middle of 2009. Moving on, the third link leads to an USA Today article from this Tuesday that reports on FEMA's spending on emergency housing throughout the Gulf Coast region. The fourth link leads to a trenchant piece from this Tuesday's Courier-Post (Cherry Hill, NJ) about the efforts made by wealthier suburbs across New Jersey to keep affordable housing from being built in their communities. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the ACORN Housing Corporation, which works to build affordable housing across the United States. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) thematic policy program dedicated to creating and supporting new affordable housing developments.

2008-08-29

52

Tax Subsidies to Owner-occupied Housing: An Asset-Market Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inflation reduces the effective cost of homeownership and raises the tax sub- sidy to owner occupation. This paper presents an asset-market model of the hous- ing market and estimates how changes in the expected inflation rate affect the real price of houses and the equilibrium size of the housing capital stock. Simu- lation results suggest that the accelerating inflation of

JAMES M. POTERBA

1984-01-01

53

An Examination of the Chinese Housing Market through the Lens of the DiPasquale- Wheaton Model: a Graphical Attempt  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many existing studies on the China real estate industry are empirical, or policyoriented. This paper complements the literature by adopting the DiPasquale and Wheaton model (1996) to study the China housing market, and trace the impact of different policies. Surprisingly, the model is capable of accounting for several developments in the market. We also extend the model to a dual-class

Charles Ka Yui Leung; Wei Wang

2007-01-01

54

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy Investment Green Houses Meet the Team and Contributors August2010 European House Prices Comparing recent European house price trends: An absence of continental drift? School of Architecture, Design

Evans, Paul

55

Housing tenure and labor market impacts: The search goes on  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop two search-theoretic models emphasizing firm entry to examine the Oswald hypothesis, the idea that homeownership is linked to inferior labor market outcomes, and compare their predictions to three extant theories. The five models have surprisingly different predictions about the labor market at both the aggregate and micro levels. Using a suitable instrumental variable strategy, we estimate both micro

N. Edward Coulson; Lynn M. Fisher

2009-01-01

56

Japan's manufactured housing capability. A review of the industry and assessment of future impact on the US market  

SciTech Connect

The Japanese have what is generally recognized as the most advanced manufactured housing capability in the world. With heavy reliance on computerized design and inventory control systems, assembly-line production, robotics and sizable research and development budgets, Japan has developed a high-tech housing approach distinct from that found in the United States. Japan's manufactured housing capability and its benefits in producing high quality housing at an affordable price are surveyed. The housing market in Japan and the United States will be compared and the potential impact of Japanese manufactured housing on the United States assessed. Though Japan's manufactured housing capability offers great promise, there are several issues that limit the direct import of these technologies as currently practiced to the United States. Among these obstacles are: (1) inappropriate heating and cooling systems and levels of energy conservation for many areas of the US; (2) the high cost of capitalizing major new housing plants; (3) the design inflexibility of some manufactured housing products; and (4) the difficulty of marketing a mass-produced housing product in the US with its differing regional and local building codes.

Sackett, J.G.

1986-05-01

57

The Sour Side of Today's Housing Market: Testing internal relationships and understanding the composition of today's market.  

E-print Network

) ................................................................... pg 5 3. Previous Studies 3.1 Effect of Distressed Homes on Housing Prices . As a result, focus on housing prevailed throughout the country, as calls for continued price gains grew louderThe Sour Side of Today's Housing Market: Testing internal relationships and understanding

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

58

The role of housing privatization and labor-market reform in China's dual economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical aspect of China's economic modernization, one that has been infrequently addressed either in policy papers or scholarly studies, is the linkage between labor-market and housing-market reform. Labor-market mobility requires that workers and their families be able to find housing in areas of high labor demand. This critical linkage will be facilitated by movement away from employer-provided housing to

Belton M. Fleisher; Yong Yin; Stephen M. Hills

1997-01-01

59

Housing Market Effects of Public School Desegregation: The Case of Dallas, Texas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of a court-ordered school desegregation plan on neighborhood housing markets in Dallas, Texas, using three market indicators: price, housing turnover, and utilization of conventional credit. Finds no significant effects on these indicators in any of the five neighborhoods studied. (Author/CMG)

Hula, Richard G.

1984-01-01

60

Prejudice and Discrimination in the Urban Housing Market. Discussion Paper D77-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews what is known about the effects of prejudice and discrimination on the urban housing market. Particular attention is given to distinguishing the effects of prejudice from the effects of discrimination. Theories about prejudice and discrimination in the urban housing market are reviewed and tested against available evidence.…

Yinger, John

61

FRESH MARKET CUTIVAR DEVELOPMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Fresh market peach and nectarine breeding is discussed from a historical perspective, starting with selection of superior seedlings by farmers. Most of the important breeding programs worldwide are discussed. In general, peaches and nectarines for fresh-market consumption must suit the intended ma...

62

Bayou Vista: A Market-Driven Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case touches on several areas of marketing: ethics, sales issues, conflicts of interest, marketing forecasts, and issues of pricing. Joe Brice, the visionary and real estate broker for a 36-lot subdivision of moderately priced single-family homes targeting the $190,000 to $260,000 range, seems to have identified an unmet housing market,…

Izzo, G. Martin; Teal, Elisabeth J.

2012-01-01

63

Evolution of the U.S. Housing Finance System: A Historical Survey and Lessons For Emerging Mortgage Markets (Russian version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new release by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research charts the evolution of our nation's housing finance system. This historical account illuminates the process of linking borrowers with investors\\/savers and five different financial intermediation models gleaned from the U.S. experience. The authors examine practices that can be of use to nations with emerging mortgage markets which are facing

2006-01-01

64

Evolution of the U.S. Housing Finance System: A Historical Survey and Lessons For Emerging Mortgage Markets (English version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new release by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research charts the evolution of our nation's housing finance system. This historical account illuminates the process of linking borrowers with investors\\/savers and five different financial intermediation models gleaned from the U.S. experience. The authors examine practices that can be of use to nations with emerging mortgage markets which are facing

2006-01-01

65

Evolution of the U.S. Housing Finance System: A Historical Survey and Lessons For Emerging Mortgage Markets (French version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new release by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research charts the evolution of our nation's housing finance system. This historical account illuminates the process of linking borrowers with investors\\/savers and five different financial intermediation models gleaned from the U.S. experience. The authors examine practices that can be of use to nations with emerging mortgage markets which are facing

2006-01-01

66

Evolution of the U.S. Housing Finance System: A Historical Survey and Lessons For Emerging Mortgage Markets (Spanish version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new release by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research charts the evolution of our nation's housing finance system. This historical account illuminates the process of linking borrowers with investors\\/savers and five different financial intermediation models gleaned from the U.S. experience. The authors examine practices that can be of use to nations with emerging mortgage markets which are facing

2006-01-01

67

The unfulfilled promise of neoliberal housing policy : how the dynamics of the rental housing market influence the spatial concentration of voucher holders in New York City  

E-print Network

This thesis seeks to understand how rental housing market dynamics-particularly landlord behavior, and the policies and players that shape it-contribute to the spatial clustering of households that participate in the Housing ...

Yaskil, Dara N. (Dara Nora)

2014-01-01

68

Youth's Beginning of Individual Housing Payment and Tenure Choice: New Entries to Japanese Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purposes of this paper are to establish the model for explaining Japanese young's housing demand and to derive the implication to guide Japanese housing policy. For this, I investigate the determinants of their tenure choice, considering their housing independence from their parents. On the basis of Japanese features, I would rather regard their housing self-pay as their independence than regard

Takuya Ishino

2010-01-01

69

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and condition and cost of housing and the housing stock available to serve persons with disabilities, and to serve other low-income persons...special needs, including persons with HIV/AIDS and their families. Data on the...

2010-04-01

70

Seemingly Irrational but Predictable Price Formation in Seoul’s Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tests the dynamics implied by a supplied-constrained view of the relationship between market fundamentals and house\\u000a prices in the case of Seoul’s condominium market. The view is that supply constraints have led to serious shortages in certain\\u000a submarkets, and that these shortages have led to a rapid rise in house prices and to panic buying or inflation-induced investing

Hoon Cho; Kyung-Hwan Kim; James D. Shilling

2012-01-01

71

Racial Discrimination in the Boston Housing Market. Discussion Paper D76-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes three theories of racial discrimination by arguing that a dual housing market, a strong white taste for segregation, and pure racial price discrimination are all operative in the Boston urbanized area. Research dealing with discrimination and price differentials in housing for blacks is reviewed. It is pointed out that there…

Schafer, Robert

72

Irrational but Predictable Price Formation in Seoul's Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing prices in Seoul have risen dramatically over the past two decades, by 5.8 times between 1988 and 2006, although there was a brief period of deep recession that followed from the Asian Currency Crisis. While on average, Seoul's housing price increased at 10% per annum until 1997 when Asian Crisis occurred, it grew 2.8 times at 14% per annum

Hoon Cho; Kyung-Hwan Kim; James D. Shilling

73

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92.300 Section... Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.300 Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs)....

2010-04-01

74

24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...housing in the State are affected by its policies, including tax policies affecting land and other property, land use controls, zoning ordinances, building codes, fees and charges, growth limits, and policies that affect the return on...

2011-04-01

75

24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...housing in the State are affected by its policies, including tax policies affecting land and other property, land use controls, zoning ordinances, building codes, fees and charges, growth limits, and policies that affect the return on...

2010-04-01

76

Space and energy conservation housing prototype unit development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Construction plans are discussed for a house which will demonstrate the application of advanced technology to minimize energy requirements and to help direct further development in home construction by defining the interaction of integrated energy and water systems with building configuration and construction materials. Housing unit designs are provided and procedures for the analysis of a variety of housing strategies are developed.

Sunshine, D. R.

1975-01-01

77

Marketing reforms, market development and agricultural production in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese agricultural reforms have consisted of two transitional stages; initially decollectivization in the late 1970s followed by market liberalization in the mid 1980s. While much research has been conducted on the initial stage of increasing the incentives for farmers in collective cultivation, little quantitative evidence exists on how marketing reforms and the development of rural markets has affected agricultural production

Alfons Weersink; Scott Rozelle

1997-01-01

78

An Analysis of Sales Training Effectiveness within the Housing Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the performance outcomes of a sales training program. This study is unique in a number of ways. First, it focuses on an under-studied area (sales training effectiveness). Second, it is directed at the evaluation of sales training programs completed by Realtors within the housing industry. Finally, it…

Ronbinson, John Cheney, IV

2012-01-01

79

Does Air Quality Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We exploit the structure of the Clean Air Act to provide new evidence on the capitalization of total suspended particulates (TSPs) air pollution into housing values. This legislation imposes strict regulations on polluters in "nonattainment" counties, which are defined by concentrations of TSPs that exceed a federally set ceiling. TSPs…

Chay, Kenneth Y.; Greenstone, Michael

2005-01-01

80

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2013-04-01

81

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2012-04-01

82

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2014-04-01

83

New housing in old Chinatown : barriers and incentives to affordable housing development  

E-print Network

In the 1970s and 80s, the rapid development of San Francisco's Financial District encroached upon Chinatown's intimately-scaled neighborhood. Developers took whole city blocks that housed low-income immigrants to build the ...

Tan, Bryant

2008-01-01

84

Space market model development project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of the research program, Space Market Model Development Project, (Phase 1) were: (1) to study the need for business information in the commercial development of space; and (2) to propose a design for an information system to meet the identified needs. Three simultaneous research strategies were used in proceeding toward this goal: (1) to describe the space business information which currently exists; (2) to survey government and business representatives on the information they would like to have; and (3) to investigate the feasibility of generating new economical information about the space industry.

Bishop, Peter C.

1987-01-01

85

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply'll also cover house price analysis, affordability, supply of new property, investment, Tree Preservation, but there have been worrying signs as this fragility appears to have impacted negatively on house prices over

Evans, Paul

86

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply ­ Paul Royston Prospect of house prices ­ Michael White Prices and affordability ­ Dean Garratt Mortgage property newsletter. This edition's feature and editorial focus is: ·Prospects for house prices

Evans, Paul

87

Holistic revitalization in small post-industrial cities : tools for urban housing development  

E-print Network

For generations, housing programs have sought to utilize redevelopment projects to accomplish broader community revitalization goals. Contemporary affordable housing practice embodies this idea in large housing development ...

Beam, Jeffrey (Jeffrey J.)

2009-01-01

88

What makes a marketer? Development of ‘marketing professional identity’ among marketing graduates during early career experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of marketing graduates was surveyed to identify the factors that caused some of them to feel that they had become ‘professional marketers’ consequent to their early experiences of work in graduate marketing positions. A model of the possible determinants of the form of ‘workplace identity’ that a marketing graduate would assume was developed and tested. The model hypothesised

Roger Bennett

2010-01-01

89

Frothy Housing Markets and Local Stock-Price Movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior empirical research finds habitat effects manifest in stock pricing among firms that share headquarters cities. We empirically\\u000a investigate whether trends in residential real estate prices affect headquarters-city stock pricing phenomena for companies\\u000a across U.S. metro areas for 1989–2004. Specifically, we hypothesize that stocks of firms headquartered in ‘hot’ residential\\u000a real estate markets experience higher returns compared to stocks of

Christopher W. Anderson; Eli Beracha

2012-01-01

90

76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic...Department of Housing and Urban Development Reform...NOFA) for the Rural Housing and Economic...INFORMATION: The Rural Housing and Economic...Affairs, Housing and Urban Development and...

2011-02-18

91

Critical slowing down associated with regime shifts in the US housing market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complex systems are described by a large number of variables with strong and nonlinear interactions. Such systems frequently undergo regime shifts. Combining insights from bifurcation theory in nonlinear dynamics and the theory of critical transitions in statistical physics, we know that critical slowing down and critical fluctuations occur close to such regime shifts. In this paper, we show how universal precursors expected from such critical transitions can be used to forecast regime shifts in the US housing market. In the housing permit, volume of homes sold and percentage of homes sold for gain data, we detected strong early warning signals associated with a sequence of coupled regime shifts, starting from a Subprime Mortgage Loans transition in 2003-2004 and ending with the Subprime Crisis in 2007-2008. Weaker signals of critical slowing down were also detected in the US housing market data during the 1997-1998 Asian Financial Crisis and the 2000-2001 Technology Bubble Crisis. Backed by various macroeconomic data, we propose a scenario whereby hot money flowing back into the US during the Asian Financial Crisis fueled the Technology Bubble. When the Technology Bubble collapsed in 2000-2001, the hot money then flowed into the US housing market, triggering the Subprime Mortgage Loans transition in 2003-2004 and an ensuing sequence of transitions. We showed how this sequence of couple transitions unfolded in space and in time over the whole of US.

Tan, James Peng Lung; Cheong, Siew Siew Ann

2014-02-01

92

Smokeless tobacco in Canada: deterring market development  

PubMed Central

DATA SOURCES—A review of the literature identified demographic, cultural, and marketing variables related to the uptake and continuation of smokeless tobacco use. Government and industry data on production, marketing, and consumption of smokeless tobacco products are presented.?METHODS—The Canadian and American markets are compared in terms of prevalence, consumption per capita, and marketing practices. Lessons to be learned from the well-orchestrated development of the American market in the past 30 years are examined. Canadian tobacco regulations are described. Strategies by which the increased exploitation of the Canadian smokeless tobacco market can be deterred are discussed.?CONCLUSIONS—A long-term, independently financed strategy built around a national smokeless tobacco de-marketing organisation with a constellation of private local institutions is suggested as a means of combating smokeless tobacco marketing efforts.???Keywords: smokeless tobacco; marketing; Canada PMID:10629248

Wyckham, R.

1999-01-01

93

Bond market development and integration in ASEAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has focused increasingly on financial integration as part of its economic-deepening agenda. This paper considers the challenges and opportunities associated with the creation of an ASEAN bond market. In addition to surveying the status quo of fixed-income markets in the context of capital market development and integration in the region, the paper gauges

Michael G. Plummer; Reid W. Click

2005-01-01

94

76 FR 81363 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Temporary Exemption From Compliance With FHA's Regulation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...stabilize real estate prices as well as neighborhoods...Development, Office of Housing, Department of Housing...program authorized by the Housing and Economic Recovery...stabilizing real estate prices and neighborhoods that...6149). Given that the housing market, although...

2011-12-28

95

24 CFR Appendix to Subpart M of... - Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...Housing Marketing Regulations Pt. 200, Subpt. M, App. Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200—Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia...

2010-04-01

96

Developing a Social Media and Marketing Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the process used and experiences gained in developing a social media and marketing course. As the first known paper on this topic appearing in the marketing education literature, the paper provides educators with a framework for developing similar courses. The course was developed using a sound instructional design model, the…

Faulds, David J.; Mangold, W. Glynn

2014-01-01

97

Energy Performance Certification in the Housing Market Implementation and Valuation in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we analyze the adoption and effects of energy performance certification in Europe. We use the Dutch housing market as a laboratory, with a unique data set that covers more than 100,000 dwelling transactions in 2008. Our results show that when energy certification is not mandatory, adoption rates are low and clustered among young, well-kept single-family dwellings, located

Dirk Brounen; Nils Kok; Jaco Menne

2009-01-01

98

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

99

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2014-04-01

100

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

101

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92...Section 92.300 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

102

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

103

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

104

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

105

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2014-04-01

106

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2014-04-01

107

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

108

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92...Section 92.300 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

109

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

110

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2014-04-01

111

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

112

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

113

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

114

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

115

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

116

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92...Section 92.300 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

117

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

118

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

119

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2012-04-01

120

19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST PROPERTY LINE ADJACENT TO TREE AND RUNS ALONG SIDE OF SHED. LOOKING NORTH AND SLIGHTLY EAST FROM ADJOINING PROPERTY. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

121

Marijuana use among minority youths living in public housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youths residing in public housing developments appear to be at markedly heightened risk for drug use because of their constant\\u000a exposure to violence, poverty, and drug-related activity. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model of marijuana\\u000a etiology with adolescents (N=624) residing in public housing. African-American and Hispanic seventh graders completed questionnaires\\u000a about their marijuana use,

Christopher Williams; Jennifer A. Epstein; Gilbert J. Botvin; Michelle Ifill-Williams

1999-01-01

122

Long-Term Care Insurance: Coverage Varies Widely in a Developing Market. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care, Select Committeee on Aging, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a request by Congressman Claude Pepper, the General Accounting Office (GAO) conducted a study to examine the private long-term care insurance market. The GAO analyzed the premiums, benefits, and limitations of 33 policies offered by 25 insurers in 1986. The GAO assessed the potential for abuse in this market by surveying state…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

123

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments ...for the PHA to operate as public housing than providing tenant-based assistance. (1) The...

2012-04-01

124

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments ...for the PHA to operate as public housing than providing tenant-based assistance. (1) The...

2013-04-01

125

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments ...for the PHA to operate as public housing than providing tenant-based assistance. (1) The...

2014-04-01

126

The downside of marketization: A multilevel analysis of housing tenure and types in reform-era urban China.  

PubMed

Based on data from the 2005 National Population Sample Survey and compiled covariates of 205 prefectures, this research adopted principal-component and multilevel-logistic analyses to study homeownership in urban China. Although the housing reform has severed the link between work units and residence, working in state sectors (government, state-owned enterprises and collective firms) remained significant in determining a household's entitlement to reform-era housing with heavy subsidies or better qualities. While the prefecture-level index of marketization reduced local homeownership of self-built housing, affordable housing and privatized housing, its effect is moderated by cross-level interactions with income, education and working in state sectors across different types of housing. Meanwhile, the index of political and market connections promoted all types of homeownership except for self-built housing. By situating the downside of marketization within a context of urban transformation, this research not only challenges the teleological premise of the neoliberal market transition theory but calls for research on institutional dynamics and social consequences of urban transformation in China. PMID:25432608

Fu, Qiang; Zhu, Yushu; Ren, Qiang

2015-01-01

127

RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKETS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Renewable energy is shifting from the fringe to the mainstream of sustainable development. Past donor efforts achieved modest results but often were not sustained or replicated, which leads now to greater market orientation. Markets for rural household lighting with solar home systems, biogas, and small hydro power have expanded through rural entrepreneurship, government programs, and donor assistance, serving millions

Eric Martinot; Akanksha Chaurey; Debra Lew; Jose Roberto Moreira; Njeri Wamukonya

2002-01-01

128

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

2013-02-01

129

Internship business development and online marketing nordic countries / Belgium / Portugal  

E-print Network

Affiliate marketing Market & competitors analysis Performance analysis with different SEO tools SocialInternship business development and online marketing nordic countries / Belgium / Portugal Visual closely with the IT team, product management and international management Online marketing: SEO on

Hasýrcý, Vasýf

130

5/2/2005 Industry Seminar -April 2005 The Housing Market and Demand for  

E-print Network

1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0.0% 4.0% 8.0% 12.0% 16.0% Number Foreign Born 1000s) Percent.49 1.952 1.938 1.82 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 2004 2005 2006 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 SF Total5/2/2005 Industry Seminar - April 2005 The Housing Market and Demand for Building Materials

131

Assessment of Market Development Needs of  

E-print Network

Assessment of Market Development Needs of Aboriginal Forest Products Companies March 2011.........................................................................................................5 4.1 Aboriginal Forest Products Companies........................................................................................6 4.3 Differentiation of Aboriginal Forest Products

132

Chapter 43 Labor markets in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter covers selected topics for the 80% of the world's labor force that works in the developing countries. These topics are ones that have: (1) received relatively great attention in developing countries compared to developed economies (i.e., family enterprises, missing labor markets, geographical mobility, health\\/nutrition effects on productivity) because of their greater importance in developing countries; (2) been considered

Jere R. Behrman

1999-01-01

133

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a)...

2010-01-01

134

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a)...

2012-01-01

135

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a)...

2011-01-01

136

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a)...

2014-01-01

137

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a)...

2013-01-01

138

7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Research, market development and promotion. 930.48... Order Regulating Handling Research, Market Development and Promotion § 930.48 Research, market development and promotion. The...

2010-01-01

139

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2013-04-01

140

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2012-04-01

141

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2014-04-01

142

American fuel cell market development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past three decades several attempts have been made to introduce fuel cells into commercial markets. The prospective users recognized the attractive features of fuel cells, however they were unwilling to pay a premium for the features other than the easily-calculated fuel cost savings. There was no accepted method for a user to calculate and the accrue the economic value of the other features. The situation is changing. The Clean Air Act signed into law by President Bush on November 15, 1990, mandates a nation wide reduction in SO 2, NO x and ozone emissions. This law affects specific utilities for SO 2 reduction, and specific regions of the country for NO x and ozone reductions — the latter affecting the utility-, industrial- and transportation-sectors in these regions. The Act does not direct how the reductions are to be achieved; but it specifically establishes a trading market for emission allowances whereby an organization that reduces emissions below its target can sell its unused allowance to another organization. In addition to the Clean Air Act, there are other environmental issues emerging such as controls on CO 2 emissions, possible expansion of the list of controlled emissions, mandated use of alternative fuels in specific transportation districts and restrictions on electrical transmission systems. All of these so-called 'environmental externalities' are now recognized as having a real cost that can be quantified, and factored in to calculations to determine the relative economic standing of various technologies. This in turn justifies a premium price for fuel cells hence the renewed interest in the technology by the utility and transportation market segments.

Gillis, E. A.

1992-01-01

143

The development of pub marketing in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to look at the changing relationship between brewers and pub owners. The paper considers the acquisition of British public houses by brewers and the introduction of national brands supported by advertising. The recent separation of brewing from pub ownership has brought about different types of public houses and different methods of marketing

J. D. Pratten

2006-01-01

144

Making industrial new product development market led  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies the methods used to ensure that new product development in an industrial and technical environment is market led. Begins with the customer active paradigm of Eric Von Hippel, and then develops a proactive approach to new product development. Reports on a three-year action programme applied to a UK division of a multinational corporation. Although the study is concentrated on

Nigel Coates; Harry Robinson

1995-01-01

145

Large resource development projects as markets for passive solar technologies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A basic premise of this study is that large resource development projects provide a major market opportunity for passive solar manufactured buildings. The primary objectives of the work are to document selected resource development projects and identify their potential housing needs and development schedules, to contact resource industry representatives and assess some of the processes and motivations behind their involvement in housing decisions, and to provide passive solar manufactured buildings producers with results of these steps as early initial market intelligence. The intent is to identify not only the industries, location of their planned projects, and their likely worker housing needs, but also the individuals involved in making housing-related decisions. The 56 identified projects are located within 18 states and cover 11 types of resources. The report documents individual projects, provides protections of total worker-related housing needs, and presents overviews of resource development company involvement in the new construction market. In addition, the report profiles three organizations that expressed a strong interest in implementing the use of low-cost passive solar manufactured buildings in resource-development-related activities.

Roze-Benson, R V

1980-12-01

146

23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ORIGINALS - QUINCES - ALONG ROAD. THE EUCALYPTUS TO THE RIGHT IS JUST OUTSIDE THE SOUTHEAST CORNER PROPERTY LINE AND WAS INDICATED ON THE 1912 BURBANK PLAN. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

147

75 FR 36245 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...health and the environment, promote equitable development, and help address...housing and urban development programs. This...respect to the environment has been made for...Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh...

2010-06-24

148

CENTER FOR FISCAL POLICY Expectation-Driven Cycles in the Housing Market  

E-print Network

that innovations to News on Business Conditions generate hump- shaped responses in house prices and other macroeconomic variables. We also show that innovations to Expectations of Rising House Prices are particularly of Rising House Prices. However, during housing booms, innovations to Expectations of Rising House Prices

Dalang, Robert C.

149

The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets  

PubMed Central

Persistent racial inequality in employment, housing, and a wide range of other social domains has renewed interest in the possible role of discrimination. And yet, unlike in the pre–civil rights era, when racial prejudice and discrimination were overt and widespread, today discrimination is less readily identifiable, posing problems for social scientific conceptualization and measurement. This article reviews the relevant literature on discrimination, with an emphasis on racial discrimination in employment, housing, credit markets, and consumer interactions. We begin by defining discrimination and discussing relevant methods of measurement. We then provide an overview of major findings from studies of discrimination in each of the four domains; and, finally, we turn to a discussion of the individual, organizational, and structural mechanisms that may underlie contemporary forms of discrimination. This discussion seeks to orient readers to some of the key debates in the study of discrimination and to provide a roadmap for those interested in building upon this long and important line of research. PMID:20689680

Pager, Devah; Shepherd, Hana

2010-01-01

150

Conventional Housing Conditions Attenuate the Development of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis  

PubMed Central

Background The etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) has remained unclear, but a causative contribution of factors outside the central nervous system (CNS) is conceivable. It was recently suggested that gut bacteria trigger the activation of CNS-reactive T cells and the development of demyelinative disease. Methods C57BL/6 (B6) mice were kept either under specific pathogen free or conventional housing conditions, immunized with the myelin basic protein (MBP)–proteolipid protein (PLP) fusion protein MP4 and the development of EAE was clinically monitored. The germinal center size of the Peyer’s patches was determined by immunohistochemistry in addition to the level of total IgG secretion which was assessed by ELISPOT. ELISPOT assays were also used to measure MP4-specific T cell and B cell responses in the Peyer’s patches and the spleen. Ear swelling assays were performed to determine the extent of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions in specific pathogen free and conventionally housed mice. Results In B6 mice that were actively immunized with MP4 and kept under conventional housing conditions clinical disease was significantly attenuated compared to specific pathogen free mice. Conventionally housed mice displayed increased levels of IgG secretion in the Peyer’s patches, while the germinal center formation in the gut and the MP4-specific TH17 response in the spleen were diminished after immunization. Accordingly, these mice displayed an attenuated delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in ear swelling assays. Conclusions The data corroborate the notion that housing conditions play a substantial role in the induction of murine EAE and suggest that the presence of gut bacteria might be associated with a decreased immune response to antigens of lower affinity. This concept could be of importance for MS and calls for caution when considering the therapeutic approach to treat patients with antibiotics. PMID:24919069

Goecer, Oktay; Recks, Mascha S.; Kuerten, Stefanie

2014-01-01

151

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

152

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

153

7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2011-01-01

154

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2011-01-01

155

7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

156

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2011-01-01

157

7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

158

7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2011-01-01

159

Stock Market Development and Financial Intermediaries: Stylized Facts  

Microsoft Academic Search

World stock markets are booming, and emerging stock markets account for a disproportionate share of this growth. Yet economists lack a common concept or measure of stock market development. This article collects and compares a broad array indicators of stock market and financial intermediary development, using data from forty-four developing and industrial countries during the period from 1986 to 1993.

Asli Demirguc-kunt; Ross Levine

1996-01-01

160

Marketing and Development for Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 23 essays provides an overview of current marketing and resource development practices in community colleges. The first of the five sections in the book, "Organizing for Successful Advancement," contains chapters on "Organization of the Successful Institutional Office," by Nanette J. Smith; "The President and Institutional…

Ryan, G. Jeremiah, Ed.; Smith, Nanette J., Ed.

161

Market Development for Entrepreneurs. Panel V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four small business development experts examine ways of encouraging/helping entrepreneurs: market identification; management education; improved capital access; emphasis on business and producer services; import substitution; local purchasing; local business expansion; adaptation of good ideas; response to problems/trends in lifestyle changes,…

Appalachia, 1986

1986-01-01

162

The impact of transit-oriented development on housing prices in San Diego, CA.  

PubMed

This research measures the influence of transit-oriented development (TOD) on the San Diego, CA, condominium market. Many view TOD as a key element in creating a less auto dependent and more sustainable transport system. Price premiums indicate a potential for a market-driven expansion of TOD inventory. A hedonic price model is estimated to isolate statistically the effect of TOD. This includes interaction terms between station distance and various measures of pedestrian orientation. The resulting model shows that station proximity has a significantly stronger impact when coupled with a pedestrian-oriented environment. Conversely, station area condominiums in more auto-oriented environments may sell at a discount. This indicates that TOD has a synergistic value greater than the sum of its parts. It also implies a healthy demand for more TOD housing in San Diego. PMID:21174895

Duncan, Michael

2011-01-01

163

Factors related to rapidity of housing placement in Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing program of 1990s.  

PubMed

The Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program is the largest supported housing program in the country for homeless veterans who are seeking rapid entry into permanent independent housing. This study examined factors related to how rapidly clients were housed in the early years of the program and how long they stayed in the program. Mental health, substance abuse, work/income, criminal history, and site were examined as predictors of process times. Regression analyses based on 627 HUD-VASH clients who entered the program between 1992 and 2003 showed that client characteristics were not rate-limiting factors for obtaining HUD-VASH housing; i.e., clients who had greater substance abuse problems or more extensive criminal histories did not take longer to obtain housing. The large differences associated with site of entry partly reflected a curvilinear relationship between the duration of operation of the HUD-VASH program and process times; i.e., at relatively younger and older programs, clients entered housing slightly faster than at programs in the middle range. Lastly, HUD-VASH clients whose case managers reported good therapeutic alliances stayed in the program longer. These findings have implications for the continued expansion of the HUD-VASH program. PMID:21938662

Tsai, Jack; O'Connell, Maria; Kasprow, Wesley J; Rosenheck, Robert A

2011-01-01

164

Commercial Aircraft Development and the Export Market  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The various factors which endanger the future of commercial aircraft development are defined. The factors discussed are: (1) a decline in federally funded research and development programs, (2) a general decline in the economic health of the domestic airlines, (3) the increased cost of development which may be several times the net worth of the company, (4) the development overseas of common market and manufacturing consortia, and (5) foreign manufacturers receiving significant financial support from their national governments. It is stated that unless immediate and innovative solutions to combat these factors are found, the commercial aviation industry will be in serious difficulty.

Snodgrass, J.

1972-01-01

165

Housing and Labor Market Distortions in Poland: Linkages and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

During its period as a centrally planned economy, Poland?s housing and macroeconomic policies restricted investments in housing and urban infrastructure to a level well below that of other European countries. This resulted in a shortage of housing typified by 15- to 20-year waits for government-subsidized housing and a stock of housing that fell short of the number of Polish households

Stephen K. Mayo; James I. Stein

1995-01-01

166

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

...for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.209 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2014-04-01

167

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.209 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2013-04-01

168

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.106 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2013-04-01

169

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.106 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2012-04-01

170

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.209 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

171

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

...for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.106 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2014-04-01

172

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.209 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2012-04-01

173

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance. 972.106 Section...DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

174

Optimal Portfolio Choices, House Risk Hedging and the Pricing of Forward House Transactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a utility indifference model for evaluating various prices associated with forward transactions in the\\u000a housing market, based on the equivalent principle of expected wealth utility derived from the forward and spot real estate\\u000a markets. Our model results show that forward transactions in the housing market are probably not due to house sellers’ and\\u000a buyers’ heterogeneity, but to

Gang-Zhi Fan; Ming Pu; Seow Eng Ong

2012-01-01

175

UC DAVIS STUDENT HOUSING OFFICE OF STUDENT DEVELOPMENT, (530) 752-1736  

E-print Network

in their community. Be in good academic and judicial standing with the University and Student Housing and haveUC DAVIS STUDENT HOUSING OFFICE OF STUDENT DEVELOPMENT, (530) 752-1736 CULTURAL PROGRAMMER (CP for your interest. Student Housing staff positions are exciting and challenging and a great way to develop

California at Davis, University of

176

Municipal strategies for affordable housing : incenting an exacting public goods from private developers  

E-print Network

This thesis studies the next generation of municipal housing policy by asking, "How can cities effectively use the private-sector to promote affordable housing development?" In response, it looks at an array of public-sector ...

Goldstein, Ari Alowan

2007-01-01

177

Financial Development, Labor and Market Regulations and Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the importance that market regulation and financial imperfections have on …rm growth. We analyse institutions affecting labor market as Employment Protection Laws (EP) and Product Market Regulation (PM). We show that together with the beneficial effects of …nancial development, a firm will get less financing, and thus invest less, in a weak financial market (finance effect), the

Raquel FONSECA; Natalia UTRERO-GONZALEZ

2005-01-01

178

Financial Development, Labor and Market Regulations and Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the importance that market regulation and financial imperfections have on firm growth. We analyse institutions affecting labor market as Employment Protection Laws (EP) and Product Market Regulation (PM). We show that together with the beneficial effects of financial development, a firm will get less financing, and thus investless, in a weak financial market (finance effect), the strictness

Raquel Fonseca; Natalia Utrero-González

2005-01-01

179

Analysis of The Housing Market in the Metropolitan Areas in the United States  

E-print Network

should be carried out with caution when house inventory and household income send inconsistent signals. Last, the model selection for house price analysis is discussed from the perspective of large-scale models—dynamic factor (DFM) model and large...

Li, Yarui

2013-12-04

180

Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on Tuesday May 8, 2001, Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports is a 61-page report that strives to show that developing countries are also benefiting from multilateral, unilateral, and regional trade liberalization. The report is divided into three main sections. Protection in Merchandise Trade offers information on tariffs, agricultural subsidies and non-tariff measures, and trade preferences. The second section, Trade in Services, provides background, current research, and forecasts in two categories: barriers to trade in services and measuring barriers to trade in services. Finally, the last section explores the benefits of liberalizations in several different factions.

181

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2011-04-01

182

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2010-04-01

183

77 FR 46447 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (USHA) requires...determine payment standards for the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program...determine initial rents for housing assistance payment contracts...is available. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rent and...

2012-08-03

184

78 FR 47339 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program, Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...payment standards for the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV...determine initial rents for housing assistance payment contracts...available. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rent and...HUD is using Consumer Price Index data calculated...Counsel, Department of Housing and Urban...

2013-08-05

185

Determinants of Bond Market Development in Asia Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay  

E-print Network

Determinants of Bond Market Development in Asia Biswa Nath Bhattacharyay FORE School of Management-term infrastructure projects and other productive investment through bond markets. Well-developed local currency bond to examine factors that affect effective development of bond markets. The study attempts to identify

Leclercq, Remi

186

Capital control liberalization and stock market development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. -- This paper addresses two questions. First and foremost, what happened to stock market size, liquidity, volatility, and international integration following capital control liberalization in 16 emerging market economies? Second, what is the empirical relationship between stock market size, liquidity, volatility, and international integration and regulations concerning information disclosure, accounting standards, and investor protection? We find that stock markets

Sara Zervos

1998-01-01

187

Space market model development project, phase 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a research project investigating information needs for space commercialization is described. The Space Market Model Development Project (SMMDP) was designed to help NASA identify the information needs of the business community and to explore means to meet those needs. The activity of the SMMDP is reviewed and a report of its operation via three sections is presented. The first part contains a brief historical review of the project since inception. The next part reports results of Phase 3, the most recent stage of activity. Finally, overall conclusions and observations based on the SMMDP research results are presented.

Bishop, Peter C.; Hamel, Gary P.

1989-01-01

188

Developing market for waste-derived fuel  

SciTech Connect

Markets are developing for products such as closely specified fuel, graded compost and clean ferrous metal and the company in question is aiming to produce these from waste treatment projects. The plant used for the waste derived fuel consists of equipment such as plant feeders, a vertical hammer mill, a ballistic classifier, magnetic separators, shredders, dryers a densifying unit and the final product are dense pellets with good handling properties. The compost, which is produced from the undersize waste material is mixed with water or sewage sludge and processed by the Siloda biological system. It then goes to a maturation pile for 60 days from where it can be distributed.

Wilson, D.

1984-08-17

189

An analysis of stock market efficiency: Developed vs Islamic stock markets using MF-DFA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient market has been theoretically proven to be a key component for effective and efficient resource allocation in an economy. This paper incorporates econophysics with Efficient Market Hypothesis to undertake a comparative analysis of Islamic and developed countries’ markets by extending the understanding of their multifractal nature. By applying the Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MFDFA) we calculated the generalized Hurst exponents, multifractal scaling exponents and generalized multifractal dimensions for 22 broad market indices. The findings provide a deeper understanding of the markets in Islamic countries, where they have traces of highly efficient performance particularly in crisis periods. A key finding is the empirical evidence of the impact of the ‘stage of market development’ on the efficiency of the market. If Islamic countries aim to improve the efficiency of resource allocation, an important area to address is to focus, among others, on enhancing the stage of market development.

Rizvi, Syed Aun R.; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Bacha, Obiyathulla I.; Masih, Mansur

190

The Winners in China's Urban Housing Reform.  

PubMed

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China's transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation. PMID:24163494

Logan, John R; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

2010-01-01

191

77 FR 34263 - 2012-2014 Enterprise Housing Goals  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Low housing prices hurt existing homeowners...of interest rates, house prices, the overall housing market, manufactured housing...Prices. Trends in house prices influence the housing and mortgage markets....

2012-06-11

192

77 FR 67535 - 2012-2014 Enterprise Housing Goals  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Low housing prices impacted existing homeowners...of interest rates, house prices, the overall housing market, manufactured housing...prices. Trends in house prices influence the housing and mortgage markets....

2012-11-13

193

Distinctive demand and risk characteristics of residential housing loan market in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The primary objective of the paper is to demonstrate the importance of borrower-specific characteristics as well as local situation factors in determining the demand prospect as well as the risk of credit loss on residential housing loan repayment behavior in India. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using 13,487 housing loan accounts (sanctioned from 1993-2007) data from Banks and Housing Finance Cos

Arindam Bandyopadhyay; Asish Saha

2011-01-01

194

Developing more effective social marketing strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The reason for this paper is to better understand why many social marketing campaigns produce poor results and to propose a model to guide social marketing strategic planning to improve program outcomes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a conceptual paper which discusses a new social marketing model to remove upstream causes of target social problems. Findings – It appears

Walter Wymer

2011-01-01

195

Marketing Department The Marketing Department of the University of Alicante organizes and develops teaching and research activity in  

E-print Network

teaching and research activity in the Area of knowledge of marketing and market research. Department , International Journal of Research in Marketing and Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science . This web siteMarketing Department The Marketing Department of the University of Alicante organizes and develops

Escolano, Francisco

196

76 FR 73988 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-08] Redelegation...Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987 AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987, the Fair Housing...

2011-11-29

197

Investors' Behavioral Biases and the Stock Market Development: An Empirical Study of the Pakistani Stock Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between human biases and stock market development of Pakistan. I have used primary data analysis; data was gathered through well administrated questionnaire which consists of 20 items covering seven human biases and stock market development developed by Mercer Consulting in 2006. Biases include overconfidence, confirmation bias, loss aversion, anchoring bias,

Hyder Ali Khawaja; Niaz Ahmed Bhutto

2013-01-01

198

Extending the physical and cultural boundaries of affordable housing : a reconfiguration of the Franklin Field Public Housing Development  

E-print Network

Public housing is in a state of revision. Changes in attitude and approach to housing low-income people, evident in housing reform, are challenging the standard which public housing has come to represent. After years of ...

Makuku, Owiso A. (Owiso Atsali), 1968-

1999-01-01

199

Cogeneration development and market potential in China  

SciTech Connect

China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Xin, D. [State Planning Commission of China, Beijing, BJ (China). Energy Research Inst.

1996-05-01

200

ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

201

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items  

E-print Network

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items June 23, 2008 Last week the House Energy and Water Development Subcommittee completed its action on their version of the FY09 Energy and Water Development bill. The draft report language is below. The full

202

Jobs-housing balance, transit-oriented development, and commute time: Integrating  

E-print Network

Jobs-housing balance, transit-oriented development, and commute time: Integrating GIS and GPS 6 discusses two major issues in economic development related to transportation costs and commuting--the jobs-housing balance and transit-oriented development--and also looks at how GPS technology can be used along with GIS

Qiu, Weigang

203

The impact of housing rehabilitation on local neighborhoods: the case of small community development organizations.  

PubMed

Across the nation, nonprofit organizations located in poor and declining neighborhoods are promoting homeownership in the hopes that their efforts will stave off decline and contribute to neighborhood stability. A common homeownership strategy among nonprofits is to acquire boarded-up or deteriorated homes at a low price, rehabilitate them, and then sell them at an affordable price. As these programs continue, nonprofit organizations want to show quantitatively that neighborhood revitalization works—that the funds devoted to an area stabilize neighborhoods or, even more, that they initiate a surge of continued upward progress. But, unlike their larger counterparts, smaller community development organizations are usually at a disadvantage in undertaking such an evaluation. This study will help illustrate what might be done. It focuses on the case of St. Joseph's Carpenter Society (SJCS) in Camden, New Jersey and assesses the quantitative impact that SJCS has on its target neighborhoods. A three-tiered approach is adopted that ranges from a target and comparison area analysis, to regression analysis of SJCS's impact on local housing prices, and finally to an examination of the relative market performance of SJCS's houses. All told, the analysis suggests that SJCS's rehabilitation and homeownership education activities appear to have a positive influence on the neighborhoods in its target area. PMID:21322894

Smith, Marvin M; Hevener, Christy Chung

2011-01-01

204

An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy.  

PubMed

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy(-1) can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min(-1)) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37 degrees C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding +/-30 degrees C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations. PMID:20090184

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-02-21

205

Labor markets and economic development in Malaysia.  

PubMed

A researcher analyzed data on male workers from 1262 households from Peninsular Malaysia (1976-1977 Malaysian Family Life Survey) to identify the leading effects of economic development for earnings and employment patterns within labor markets. All 3 major ethnic groups in Malaysia profited from the increasing levels of real income over time. The relative income of ethnic Malays, the poorest socioeconomic class, increased more so than the Chinese and Indians. Yet the income of Chinese was 108% higher than Malays and that of Indians was 60%. The difference between Malays and Chinese grew considerably as men aged. Further economic growth resulted in higher earnings for young men than for older men. In addition, the more educated men were the higher their earnings. In fact, education was the most significant determinant of time related growth in incomes. Further, income of men who participated in job training programs grew 2 times as fast than that of men who did not participate in job training programs. Lastly, economic growth increased earnings of men in urban areas more so than those in rural areas. Malaysia had put a lot of time and resources in research and development in rubber and rice production which has resulted in continual introduction of new varieties of rubber trees and rice. These new varieties have increased production considerably. In conclusion, Malaysia was able to experience economic growth because it invested in education and job training for male workers and in research and development to advance production of its 2 most important commodities--rubber and rice. PMID:12317026

Smith, J P

1991-01-01

206

In-House Software Development: What Project Management Practices Lead to Success?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project management is an important part of software development, both for organizations that rely on third-party software development and for those whose software is developed primarily in-house. Moreover, quantitative survey-based research regarding software development's early, nontechnical aspects is lacking. To help provide a project management perspective for managers responsible for in-house software development, we conducted a survey in an attempt

June M. Verner; William M. Evanco

2005-01-01

207

Land-Use Controls and Housing Costs: An Examination of San Francisco Bay Area Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on our efforts to gauge the effects of land use controls on housing markets. We discuss how land use controls affect land and housing markets and explain why communities use such controls to restrict development. We present the results of an econometric model created to assess the inflationary effects of land use controls on housing costs. The

David E. Dowall; John D. Landis

1982-01-01

208

Understanding MBA Consumer Needs and the Development of Marketing Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to develop marketing strategies in higher education is evident. In order to develop effective strategies, marketers must understand the basic needs that their product fulfills. Exploratory research was utilized to identify and better understand the needs that motivate consumers to pursue an MBA degree. This paper emphasizes the importance…

Dailey, Lynn; Anderson, Murphy; Ingenito, Cristina; Duffy, David; Krimm, Paul; Thomson, Scott

2006-01-01

209

The development of market approaches in Russia.  

PubMed

In the late 1980s, it became clear that poor outcomes of the Russian health system were caused not only by underfunding but also by inadequate management of health care. Some features of the system led to great inefficiency in medical care provision and an irrational structure of medical care. The recognition of this fact has intensified the search for new methods of finance and management. The underlying idea of health care reforms in Russia is to weaken providers' dominance, to make them more responsive to consumer preferences, and to change the structure of medical care. The main developments of the reform parallel the reforms in Western countries. These are primarily the separation of finance and provision of medical care, with the shift from an integrated to a contractual model of relationships between payers and providers. But the specific characteristics of the health care situation, primarily the great underfunding and the absolute dominance of state-owned medical facilities, make the reform in the Russian health sector more radical. This paper highlights the issues of the current and planned developments in the Russian health sector. After presenting the main characteristics of the current health systems, it addresses economic experiments which are underway in several regions of the new Russian Federation. They are designed to introduce elements of market relations into a highly bureaucratic system. The main features and the impact of the experiments are discussed. Then the new model of finance, which is based on a transition from tax-financed to the health insurance system, is presented. PMID:10137132

Sheiman, I

1994-01-01

210

Essays in credit markets and development economics  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 (co-authored with Ali Choudhary) exploits exogenous variation in the amount of public information available to banks about a firm to empirically evaluate the importance of adverse selection in the credit market. ...

Jain, Anil Kumar

2014-01-01

211

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

212

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2011-01-01

213

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

214

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2011-01-01

215

Cleaner industrial production in developing countries: market opportunities for developed countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the potential size of the export market for cleaner industrial technology from developed to developing countries. Technology for cleaner industrial production already exists and is part of the export market of electrical and non-electrical machinery, chemicals and services sectors from developed to developing countries. Even so, not much is known about the size of the market. The

Ralph A. Luken; Ann-Christin Freij

1995-01-01

216

Corruption and stock market development: A quantitative approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studying the relation between corruption and economic factors and examining its consequences for economic development have attracted many economists and physicists in recent years. The purpose of this paper is to focus on the role of stock market development on corruption. Analyzing a data set of corruption and stock market development measures such as market capitalization and total value of share trading for 46 countries around the world for the period 2007-2009, we examine the dependence of the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) on stock market development. Our findings suggest that there exists a power-law dependence between corruption and stock market development. We also observe a negative relation between level of corruption and financial system improvement.

Bolgorian, Meysam

2011-11-01

217

Cultivar evaluation for hoop house grown onions  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Oklahoma onions are produced for the fresh market using a combination of short and intermediate day cultivars. Recently developed hoop house transplant production techniques enable local production of cultivars not available as transplants elsewhere. Several new intermediate cultivars have product...

218

House Prices and Regional Real Estate Cycles: Market Adjustments in Houston  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real estate cycles often generate sharp swings in real housing prices, price changes that cannot be adequately described by a single statistic such as median home values. Instead, the entire structure of prices across all quality levels must be examined. This paper analyzes the price impact of the Houston, Texas, real estate bust. It shows that the average price of

Barton A. Smith; William P. Tesarek

1991-01-01

219

Looking after the nation's housing stock: Can we leave it to market forces?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Once again, the poor state of the nation's capital stock has been at the heart of pleas for more public spending. But the search for precise policy measures is all too often hampered by the lack of relevant information. In the case of housing, however, the information is there, and the Government have produced a coherent policy document. What does

Christine Whitehead

1985-01-01

220

Systematic temporal patterns in the relationship between housing development and forest bird biodiversity.  

PubMed

As people encroach increasingly on natural areas, one question is how this affects avian biodiversity. The answer to this is partly scale-dependent. At broad scales, human populations and biodiversity concentrate in the same areas and are positively associated, but at local scales people and biodiversity are negatively associated with biodiversity. We investigated whether there is also a systematic temporal trend in the relationship between bird biodiversity and housing development. We used linear regression to examine associations between forest bird species richness and housing growth in the conterminous United States over 30 years. Our data sources were the North American Breeding Bird Survey and the 2000 decennial U.S. Census. In the 9 largest forested ecoregions, housing density increased continually over time. Across the conterminous United States, the association between bird species richness and housing density was positive for virtually all guilds except ground nesting birds. We found a systematic trajectory of declining bird species richness as housing increased through time. In more recently developed ecoregions, where housing density was still low, the association with bird species richness was neutral or positive. In ecoregions that were developed earlier and where housing density was highest, the association of housing density with bird species richness for most guilds was negative and grew stronger with advancing decades. We propose that in general the relationship between human settlement and biodiversity over time unfolds as a 2-phase process. The first phase is apparently innocuous; associations are positive due to coincidence of low-density housing with high biodiversity. The second phase is highly detrimental to biodiversity, and increases in housing density are associated with biodiversity losses. The long-term effect on biodiversity depends on the final housing density. This general pattern can help unify our understanding of the relationship of human encroachment and biodiversity response. PMID:24811862

Pidgeon, Anna M; Flather, Curtis H; Radeloff, Volker C; Lepczyk, Christopher A; Keuler, Nicholas S; Wood, Eric M; Stewart, Susan I; Hammer, Roger B

2014-10-01

221

75 FR 41217 - Federal Housing Administration Risk Management Initiatives: Reduction of Seller Concessions and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development...home with the same sales price.\\4\\ Borrowers with...to households by the housing options afforded them...restrictions will cause higher housing costs until such time...market-level house price appreciation....

2010-07-15

222

Community interventions to promote healthy social environments: early childhood development and family housing. A report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services.  

PubMed

The sociocultural environment exerts a fundamental influence on health. Interventions to improve education, housing, employment, and access to health care contribute to healthy and safe environments and improved community health. The Task Force on Community Preventive Services (the Task Force) has conducted systematic reviews of early childhood development interventions and family housing interventions. The topics selected provide a unique, albeit small, beginning of the review of evidence that interventions do effectively address sociocultural factors that influence health. Based on these reviews, the Task Force strongly recommends publicly funded, center-based, comprehensive early childhood development programs for low-income children aged 3-5 years. The basis for the recommendation is evidence of effectiveness in preventing developmental delay, assessed by improvements in grade retention and placement in special education. The Task Force also recommends housing subsidy programs for low-income families, which provide rental vouchers for use in the private housing market and allow families choice in residential location. This recommendation is based on outcomes of improved neighborhood safety and families' reduced exposure to violence. The Task Force concludes that insufficient evidence is available on which to base a recommendation for or against creation of mixed-income housing developments that provide safe and affordable housing in neighborhoods with adequate goods and services. This report provides additional information regarding these recommendations, briefly describes how the reviews were conducted, and discusses implications for applying the interventions locally. PMID:11843093

Anderson, Laurie M; Shinn, Carolynne; St, Charles Joseph; Fullilove, Mindy T; Scrimshaw, Susan C; Fielding, Jonathan E; Normand, Jacques; Sanchez-Way, Ruth; Richardson, Todd

2002-02-01

223

NAWDP Job Developer's Marketing Kit for Employment & Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed to meet the marketing, outreach, and recruitment needs of job training organizations. It is designed to help organizations create a positive and professional image of local job training programs in their business community. The guide is organized in three sections that cover the following: (1) marketing and outreach…

Hamburg, Susan

224

Marketing in sports: a tool for developing sports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketing is the process by which companies create customer interest in products or services. It generates the strategy that underlies sales techniques, business communication and business development. It is an integrated process through which companies build strong customer relationships and create value for their customers and for themselves. In sports such marketing strategies are effective tools, which give a company

Indranil Ghosh

2010-01-01

225

Sovereign Borrowing by Developing Countries: What Determines Market Access?  

Microsoft Academic Search

What determines the ability of governments from developing countries to access international credit markets? We examine this question using detailed data on sovereign bond issuances and public syndicated bank loans between 1980 and 2000. A key finding of this paper is that the frequency of default does not reduce market access and there appears to be no lengthy exclusion from

R. Gaston Gelos; Ratna Sahay; Guido Sandleris

2003-01-01

226

Sovereign borrowing by developing countries: What determines market access?  

Microsoft Academic Search

What determines the ability of governments from developing countries to access international credit markets? We examine this question using detailed data on sovereign bond issuances and public syndicated bank loans between 1980 and 2000. A key finding of this paper is that the probability of market access is not influenced by a country's frequency of defaults, and that a default,

R. Gaston Gelos; Ratna Sahay; Guido Sandleris

2011-01-01

227

Foreign Fishery Developments The Market for Eels in the  

E-print Network

Foreign Fishery Developments The Market for Eels in the Federal Republic of Germany INTRODUCTION The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) has traditionally been the largest European market for the European eel. In re- cent years, though, static eel produc- tion in the Baltic Sea has permitted Canada, the United

228

Developing trends in the marketing of life insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The personal financial services industry is being changed drastically by a number of legislative and other measures. As a result, life assurance companies are having to reappraise their use of marketing methods in a highly competitive environment. This paper investigates the major industry marketing trends which are occurring particularly in the areas of advertising, distribution, new product development and price.

Trevor Watkins

1988-01-01

229

The development of a green certificate market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liberalizing the electricity industry and attempting to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases are the two dominant trends in European energy policy. The last-mentioned issue might require the contribution from renewable energy technologies, but at present most renewables cannot compete on their own with conventional technologies. Thus, it can be expected that if renewables must compete solely on market conditions

P. E. Morthorst

2000-01-01

230

Housing breeding mice in three different IVC systems: maternal performance and pup development.  

PubMed

A proper cage environment is essential for the welfare of laboratory mice, especially for females during the energy demanding lactation period and for pups during early development and growth. The most common housing system for laboratory mice is individually ventilated cages (IVCs) of which there are different layouts and ventilation strategies available on the market. The present study investigates the impact of cage environment in three different IVC types, on the maternal performance of females, and pup development and growth in C57BL/6NCrl and Crl:NMRI Foxn1 (nu) mice. The results show differences in in-cage climate, female body weight, pup growth, feed and water consumption, and nest quality between cage types. There was a distinct effect of genotype in these differences, with the main effects found in NMRI NU mice. The results indicate that IVC systems might need to be managed differently for mice of different types and/or different physiological status. Many of the differences seen between cage systems could be drawn to the physical construction of the cage, such as location of feed hopper and location of air inlet and outlet. In conclusion, IVC in-cage climate affects the maternal performance of female mice and pup growth, but with differences between the two strains tested. PMID:24759571

Spangenberg, Emf; Wallenbeck, A; Eklöf, A-C; Carlstedt-Duke, J; Tjäder, S

2014-04-23

231

76 FR 73989 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-09] Redelegation...Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and HUD's...

2011-11-29

232

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2012-04-01

233

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2014-04-01

234

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2011-04-01

235

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2010-04-01

236

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2013-04-01

237

75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning Grants and the Department of Transportation's TIGER II Planning Grants Correction In notice document 2010-15353 beginning on page 36246 in the issue of Thursday, June 24,...

2010-07-02

238

DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR SPECIFIC LAWN- APPLIED PESTICIDES IN HOUSE DUST  

EPA Science Inventory

Many pesticides have been developed for residential outdoor application, particularly for lawn care. Residues from these applications may be tracked into the home, where they become incorporated with house dust and persist for long periods of time. Consequently, potential human...

239

An evaluation of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work voucher program  

E-print Network

Since implementation nearly 10 years ago there has been limited research into the outcomes of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work rental subsidy program. The Congressionally ...

Mahdavi, Pedram

2009-01-01

240

The housing market channel of the monetary transmission mechanism in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the roles that the property market plays in the transmission of interest rate movements to output growth and inflation in Hong Kong. Theoretically, interest rate- induced property price fluctuations affect private consumption and fixed asset investments through the wealth and balance sheet effects. They are also directly fed through to the rental component of the composite CPI

241

Prospects for Worldwide Biodiesel Market Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biodiesel started to be widely produced in the early 1990s and since then production has been increasing steadily. The global biodiesel industry is among the fastest-growing markets the chemical industry has ever seen. World capacity, production, and consumption of biodiesel grew on average by 32% per year during 2000–2005, and the industry looks set for even faster growth rates—115% per

M. Balat

2009-01-01

242

Space market model development project, phase 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the prototype operations of the Space Business Information Center are presented. A clearinghouse for space business information for members of the U.S. space industry composed of public, private, and academic sectors was conducted. Behavioral and evaluation statistics were recorded from the clearinghouse and the conclusions from these statistics are presented. Business guidebooks on major markets in space business are discussed. Proprietary research and briefings for firms and agencies in the space industry are also discussed.

Bishop, Peter C.

1988-01-01

243

Psychosocial predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDAdolescents residing in low-income public housing developments in inner-city regions may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of risk factors associated with cigarette smoking.OBJECTIVETo elucidate the aetiology of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments.DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTSWe examined predictors of smoking from four domains: background characteristics, social influences, behavioural control, and psychosocial characteristics using a sample of

Jennifer A Epstein; Christopher Williams; Gilbert J Botvin; Tracy Diaz; Michelle Ifill-Williams

1999-01-01

244

Compare UCSF Housing Rental Rates to the San Francisco Market UCSF prices listed are for the period of July 2013 June 2014  

E-print Network

Compare UCSF Housing Rental Rates to the San Francisco Market UCSF prices listed are for the period of July 2013 ­ June 2014 Neighborhood Comparison The prices are quoted from a report of rate comparisons of apartment listings on 08 January 2014. Source: http://www.hotpads.com. UCSF prices are expected to rise 4

Derisi, Joseph

245

Paying Attention Pays Off: How to Market Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends the incorporation of marketing strategies into the community college resource development function, focusing on keys to a positive institutional image, internal conditions associated with successful fund raising, and links between internal and external fund-raising components. (DMM)

Keener, Barbara J.; And Others

1991-01-01

246

The entrepreneurial state : New York's Urban Development Corporation, an experiment to take charge of affordable housing production, 1968-1975  

E-print Network

A federal-local partnership supports the creation of most new affordable housing in the United States. Washington's subsidies, which fund housing construction, vouchers, and tax credits, are paired with local development ...

Freemark, Yonah (Yonah Slifkin)

2013-01-01

247

NASA in-house Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) study report. Volume 1: Concept configuration definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a NASA in-house team effort to develop a concept definition for a Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) are presented. Science mission utilization definition scenarios are documented, the conceptual configuration definition system performance parameters qualified, benchmark operational scenarios developed, space shuttle interface descriptions provided, and development schedule activity was assessed with respect to the establishment of a proposed launch date.

Deryder, L. J.; Chiger, H. D.; Deryder, D. D.; Detweiler, K. N.; Dupree, R. L.; Gillespie, V. P.; Hall, J. B.; Heck, M. L.; Herrick, D. C.; Katzberg, S. J.

1989-01-01

248

Sector strength and efficiency on developed and emerging financial markets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we analyse the importance of sectors and market efficiency on developed and emerging financial markets. To perform this we analyse New York Stock Exchange between 2004 and 2013 and Warsaw Stock Exchange between 2000 and 2013. To find out the importance of sectors we construct minimal spanning trees for annual time series consisting of daily log returns and calculate centrality measures for all stocks, which we then aggregate by sectors. Such analysis is of interest to analysts for whom the knowledge of the influence of particular groups of stocks to the market behaviour is crucial. We also analyse the predictability of price changes on those two markets formally, using the information-theoretic concept of entropy rate, to find out the differences in market efficiency between a developed and an emerging market, and between sectors themselves. We postulate that such analysis is important to the study of financial markets as it can contribute to the profitability of investments, particularly in the case of algorithmic trading.

Fiedor, Pawe?

2014-11-01

249

Development and analysis of energy consumption norms for family housing. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Congress has directed in PL 95-82 and PL 95-101 that ceilings be established for energy consumption in military housing, and that a method be developed for assessing actual energy consumption above the ceiling. This report describes and analyzes a procedure used to set energy consumption ceilings (norms) for military family housing during a 1-year test program. The report includes the

L. M. Windingland; D. J. Leverenz

1982-01-01

250

Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1985  

SciTech Connect

The text of an act making apropriations for the Department of Housing and Urban Development and sundry independent agencies, boards, commissions, corporations, and offices for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985 is given. Money is appropriated for rent supplements, housing counseling Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank, urban homesteadng, American Battle Monuments, Commission, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other agencies and programs.

Not Available

1984-01-01

251

Developing Market Opportunities for Flexible Rooftop Applications of PV Using Flexible CIGS Technology: Market Considerations  

SciTech Connect

There has been a recent upsurge in developments for building-integrated phototovoltaics (BiPV) roof top materials based on CIGS. Several new companies have increased their presence and are looking to bring products to market for this application in 2011. For roof-top application, there are significant key requirements beyond just having good conversion efficiency. Other attributes include lightweight, as well as moisture-proof, and fully functionally reliable. The companies bringing these new BIPV/BAPV products need to ensure functionality with a rigorous series of tests, and have an extensive set of 'torture' tests to validate the capability. There is a convergence of form, aesthetics, and physics to ensure that the CIGS BiPV deliver on their promises. This article will cover the developments in this segment of the BiPV market and delve into the specific tests and measurements needed to characterize the products. The potential market sizes are evaluated and the technical considerations developed.

Sabnani, L.; Skumanich, A.; Ryabova, E.; Noufi, R.

2011-01-01

252

Emerging tourism markets: Ageing and developing economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores some of the links between changing age distributions in the affluent countries of Europe, North America and Asia (notably Japan), the growth in tourism to large developing countries, such as India, China and Brazil, and developments in the ways in which long haul transportation services are provided (for example the possibility of low cost carriers entering this

Michael Tretheway; Doris Mak

2006-01-01

253

Pushing the envelope: market mechanisms for sustainable community development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces market mechanisms for sustainable community development, an interdependent planning and implementation framework encompassing strategic directions, strategies, actors and instruments for municipal policy making. It examines how the economy influences the unsustainable development of local jurisdictions and how a coherent typology of strategies, actors and policy levers can move communities toward complementary environmental, social and economic outcomes. The

David J. Hendrickson; Chris Lindberg; Sean Connelly; Mark Roseland

2011-01-01

254

The Case of the Missing Market: The Bond Market and Why It Matters for Financial Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade interest in the role of finance in economic growth has revived. Building from the pioneering work of Goldsmith (1965) and the insights of Shaw (1973) and McKinnon (1973), the more recent work examines the role of financial institutions and financial markets in corporate governance and the consequent implications for economic growth and development. Levine (1997) and

Richard J. Herring; Nathporn Chatusripitak

2000-01-01

255

Developing empirically supported theories of change for housing investment and health  

PubMed Central

The assumption that improving housing conditions can lead to improved health may seem a self-evident hypothesis. Yet evidence from intervention studies suggests small or unclear health improvements, indicating that further thought is required to refine this hypothesis. Articulation of a theory can help avoid a black box approach to research and practice and has been advocated as especially valuable for those evaluating complex social interventions like housing. This paper presents a preliminary theory of housing improvement and health based on a systematic review conducted by the authors. Following extraction of health outcomes, data on all socio-economic impacts were extracted by two independent reviewers from both qualitative and quantitative studies. Health and socio-economic outcome data from the better quality studies (n = 23/34) were mapped onto a one page logic models by two independent reviewers and a final model reflecting reviewer agreement was prepared. Where there was supporting evidence of links between outcomes these were indicated in the model. Two models of specific improvements (warmth & energy efficiency; and housing led renewal), and a final overall model were prepared. The models provide a visual map of the best available evidence on the health and socio-economic impacts of housing improvement. The use of a logic model design helps to elucidate the possible pathways between housing improvement and health and as such might be described as an empirically based theory. Changes in housing factors were linked to changes in socio-economic determinants of health. This points to the potential for longer term health impacts which could not be detected within the lifespan of the evaluations. The developed theories are limited by the available data and need to be tested and refined. However, in addition to providing one page summaries for evidence users, the theory may usefully inform future research on housing and health. PMID:25461878

Thomson, Hilary; Thomas, Sian

2015-01-01

256

Developing empirically supported theories of change for housing investment and health.  

PubMed

The assumption that improving housing conditions can lead to improved health may seem a self-evident hypothesis. Yet evidence from intervention studies suggests small or unclear health improvements, indicating that further thought is required to refine this hypothesis. Articulation of a theory can help avoid a black box approach to research and practice and has been advocated as especially valuable for those evaluating complex social interventions like housing. This paper presents a preliminary theory of housing improvement and health based on a systematic review conducted by the authors. Following extraction of health outcomes, data on all socio-economic impacts were extracted by two independent reviewers from both qualitative and quantitative studies. Health and socio-economic outcome data from the better quality studies (n = 23/34) were mapped onto a one page logic models by two independent reviewers and a final model reflecting reviewer agreement was prepared. Where there was supporting evidence of links between outcomes these were indicated in the model. Two models of specific improvements (warmth & energy efficiency; and housing led renewal), and a final overall model were prepared. The models provide a visual map of the best available evidence on the health and socio-economic impacts of housing improvement. The use of a logic model design helps to elucidate the possible pathways between housing improvement and health and as such might be described as an empirically based theory. Changes in housing factors were linked to changes in socio-economic determinants of health. This points to the potential for longer term health impacts which could not be detected within the lifespan of the evaluations. The developed theories are limited by the available data and need to be tested and refined. However, in addition to providing one page summaries for evidence users, the theory may usefully inform future research on housing and health. PMID:25461878

Thomson, Hilary; Thomas, Sian

2015-01-01

257

The linkage of real estate market and capital market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In terms of portfolio theory, this paper develops a model to illustrate the linkage of real estate spatial and capital markets. The theoretical model indicates that the current house price is positively correlated with the current stock price, but the forward house price is negatively associated with the current stock price, and vice versa. The empirical results show that the

Weida Kuang; Hua Zhou; Yan Zhang

2011-01-01

258

The Impact of University Housing Construction Type on Psychosocial Development of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of university housing construction type on psychosocial development of first-year students. Data were collected at a large, four-year, public, research university in the Southeast using the Student Development Task and Lifestyle Assessment. The population considered for this study consisted of…

Owens, Justin Tyler

2010-01-01

259

Developing Measures of Job Performance for Support Staff in Housing Services for People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is an absence of research concerning the assessment of housing support worker job performance, particularly in the development of job performance measures that reflect the priorities of people with intellectual disabilities and their families. Method: A worker-oriented job analysis method was used to develop four short job…

Hatton, Chris; Wigham, Sarah; Craig, Jaime

2009-01-01

260

Taking the Evolutionary Road to Developing an In-House Cost Estimate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the process and some of the problems and challenges of developing an In-House Cost Estimate (IHCE). Using as an example the Space Network Ground Segment Sustainment (SGSS) project, the presentation reviews the phases for developing a Cost estimate within the project to estimate government and contractor project costs to support a budget request.

Jacintho, David; Esker, Lind; Herman, Frank; Lavaque, Rodolfo; Regardie, Myma

2011-01-01

261

Managing In-House Development of a Campus-Wide Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To show how a combination of hard and soft project and change management methodologies guided successful in-house development of a campus-wide information system. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of the methodologies and management structures that guided the development is presented. Findings: Applying a combination of the…

Shurville, Simon; Williams, John

2005-01-01

262

Developing markets for renewable energy technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although renewable energy resources are now being utilised more on a global scale than ever before, there is no doubt their contribution to the energy economy can still be greatly increased. Recently international support for developing these relatively new sources of energy has been driven by their benefits as assessed by reduced environmental impact, particularly reduced greenhouse gas emissions.After several

W. W. S Charters

2001-01-01

263

76 FR 60967 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1) of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (USHA) requires...determine payment standards for the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program...determine initial rents for housing assistance payment contracts...are available. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) rent and...

2011-09-30

264

What drives condo prices : the rental or single family housing market?  

E-print Network

This paper seeks to answer a question that real estate developers have wrestled with for years: apartment or condo? Given that the two types of residential units typically occupy similar buildings and structures, the goal ...

Hughes, James D. (James Desmond)

2013-01-01

265

Cutting energy costs in multifamily housing: Practical case studies for the builder and developer  

SciTech Connect

This book is based on an expert evaluation of nine existing and three proposed multifamily housing projects across the US. The existing buildings include three lowrise projects (three to four stories), six midrises (five to seven stories), and three highrise buildings (nine to thirty-nine stories). Two projects were designed and built in the late 1950's, two in the late 1960's, and five late in the ''energy-crisis'' of the 1970's. The existing projects range from municipally subsidized elderly housing, to HUD Section-8 suburban developments, to luxury urban highrise buildings. The three ''future'' buildings, designed by the NAHB research team, were based on trends anticipated in the multifamily industry by IREM and NAHB leaders, over the next five years. The key trends identified were: downsizing of units (by 10 to 20%); increased project size (in number of units), denser developments (more midrise and highrise projects), and increased amenities - all in the context of more affordable housing.

Whiddon, W.I.

1986-01-01

266

Marketing research and new product development success in Thai food processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketing plays an important role in new product development (NPD) through several mechanisms. One is crossfunctional communication and collaboration so that marketing issues are integrated into the NPD process. Another is the strategic orientation of NPD, which includes marketing strategy issues such as customer orientation and market fit. Third, marketing research plays a specific role, as it provides the information

Prisana Suwannaporn; Mark Speece

2003-01-01

267

Sample selection and spatial models of housing price indexes, and, A disequilibrium analysis of the U.S. gasoline market using panel data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation consists of two parts. The first part studies the sample selection and spatial models of housing price index using transaction data on detached single-family houses of two California metropolitan areas from 1990 through 2008. House prices are often spatially correlated due to shared amenities, or when the properties are viewed as close substitutes in a housing submarket. There have been many studies that address spatial correlation in the context of housing markets. However, none has used spatial models to construct housing price indexes at zip code level for the entire time period analyzed in this dissertation to the best of my knowledge. In this paper, I study a first-order autoregressive spatial model with four different weighing matrix schemes. Four sets of housing price indexes are constructed accordingly. Gatzlaff and Haurin (1997, 1998) study the sample selection problem in housing index by using Heckman's two-step method. This method, however, is generally inefficient and can cause multicollinearity problem. Also, it requires data on unsold houses in order to carry out the first-step probit regression. Maximum likelihood (ML) method can be used to estimate a truncated incidental model which allows one to correct for sample selection based on transaction data only. However, convergence problem is very prevalent in practice. In this paper I adopt Lewbel's (2007) sample selection correction method which does not require one to model or estimate the selection model, except for some very general assumptions. I then extend this method to correct for spatial correlation. In the second part, I analyze the U.S. gasoline market with a disequilibrium model that allows lagged-latent variables, endogenous prices, and panel data with fixed effects. Most existing studies (see the survey of Espey, 1998, Energy Economics) of the gasoline market assume equilibrium. In practice, however, prices do not always adjust fast enough to clear the market. Equilibrium assumptions greatly simplify statistical inference, but are very restrictive and can produce conflicting estimates. For example, econometric models of markets that assume equilibrium often produce more elastic demand price elasticity than their disequilibrium counterparts (Holt and Johnson, 1989, Review of Economics and Statistics, Oczkowski, 1998, Economics Letters). The few studies that allow disequilibrium, however, have been limited to macroeconomic time-series data without lagged-latent variables. While time series data allows one to investigate national trends, it cannot be used to identify and analyze regional differences and the role of local markets. Exclusion of the lagged-latent variables is also undesirable because such variables capture adjustment costs and inter-temporal spillovers. Simulation methods offer tractable solutions to dynamic and panel data disequilibrium models (Lee, 1997, Journal of Econometrics), but assume normally distributed errors. This paper compares estimates of price/income elasticity and excess supply/demand across time periods, regions, and model specifications, using both equilibrium and disequilibrium methods. In the equilibrium model, I compare the within group estimator with Anderson and Hsiao's first-difference 2SLS estimator. In the disequilibrium model, I extend Amemiya's 2SLS by using Newey's efficient estimator with optimal instruments.

Hu, Haixin

268

Integrating Development, Alumni Relations, and Marketing for Fundraising Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At many institutions, the vice president of institutional advancement oversees the functions of development, alumni relations, and marketing and communications. University leaders expect these functions to be integrated and to work hand-in-hand to advance the institution's mission, particularly in the area of private donations. The reality is that…

Stevick, Thomas R.

2010-01-01

269

Green electricity market development: Lessons from Europe and the US  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compares the development and implementation of green electricity policies in Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United States, a set of countries applying a range of policy instruments to encourage electricity from renewable energy sources. A general tendency is identified that policies shift emphasis from R&D stimulation towards dissemination and market application of renewable energy technologies. We argue

Lin Gan; Gunnar S. Eskeland; Hans H. Kolshus

2007-01-01

270

Developments in U.S. Alternative Fuel Markets  

EIA Publications

The alternative fueled vehicle (AFV)/alternative fuels industry experienced a number of market-related changes in the second half of the 1990s. This article describes each of the alternative transportation fuels and the AFVs in detail. It provides information on the development to date and looks at trends likely to occur in the future.

2001-01-01

271

Mining Demand Chain Knowledge for New Product Development and Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many enterprises devote a significant portion of their budget to new product development (NPD) and marketing to make their products distinctive from those of competitors, and better fit the needs and wants of consumers. Hence, knowledge and feedback on customer demand and consumption experience has become an important information and asset for enterprises. This paper investigates the following research issues

Shu-Hsien Liao; Chih-Hao Wen

2009-01-01

272

Older People as a Developing Market for Cultural Heritage Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it morally acceptable for the heritage sector to see the growing population of senior citizens as a developing market? Jamtli is an open air museum in the north of Sweden. The main target group is families with children, but an increasing number of activities for older adults are being offered. The growing population of older people is a…

Hansen, Anna; Zipsane, Henrik

2014-01-01

273

U.S. Forest Products Annual Market  

E-print Network

, forest product prices, and housing starts. Policy initiatives that can affect domestic markets markets in terms of production, trade, consump- tion, and prices. Market developments are described of the year 2008 with forecasts through 2009. Keywords: production, trade, prices, forest products Executive

274

Board Member Development in the Public, Voluntary and Social Housing Sectors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Given a number of recent and ongoing changes to the role and responsibilities of executive and non-executive board members of UK social housing organisations, the paper aims to offer a literature review which explores the development provision for board members within such organisations. The paper's key question is: "How are executive and…

Ward, Carolyn; Preece, David

2012-01-01

275

The Department of Housing and Urban Development and Cooperative Extension: A Case for Urban Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. Department of Agriculture-sponsored cooperative extension systems and university programs offered through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development may find themselves in collaboration or conflict as both expand urban outreach activities. A case study in Des Moines, Iowa, illustrates how collaboration can occur and redundancy…

Borich, Timothy O.

2001-01-01

276

Developing Your Own Individualized Instruction: In-House Production of Super-8 Mediated Learning Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes steps for in-house production of Super-8 mediated learning packages for automotive and life science courses. The individualized instructional format of the packages encourages student interaction, provides hands-on experience in skill development, allows students to proceed at their own pace, and enables students to enter a course at any…

Clifford, John J.; Clifford, Christine P.

1982-01-01

277

G.V.P. REDDY Development of semiochemical-based strategies for old-house borer,  

E-print Network

G.V.P. REDDY Development of semiochemical-based strategies for old-house borer, Hylotrupes bajulus (Reddy & Guerrero, 2004; 2010). To improve the surveillance capability, much research has been done (Reddy et al., 2005a; 2005b). Additionally, our previous studies indicate a ground trap baited

Reddy, Gadi VP

278

Effects of low-density housing development on shrubland birds in western Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing development in rural areas is the fastest-growing type of land use in the U.S. For birds, development near natural habitats is a problem because it can reduce abundances and nesting success and increase brood parasitism by brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater). In southern New England, populations of shrubland birds are declining rapidly while exurban development is widespread and increasing. We

Scott Schlossberg; David I. King; Richard B. Chandler

2011-01-01

279

The challenges facing public housing authorities in a brave new world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public housing authorities (PHAs) are entering a brave new world. Major proposed changes to the public housing program will force PHAs to compete with private sector providers for tenants. To succeed, they will have to act more like entrepreneurial market participants: to change their management practices, the types of tenants they house, and the kinds of developments they operate, and

Roberto G. Quercia; George C. Galster

1997-01-01

280

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...Development § 925.45 Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...

2010-01-01

281

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...Development § 925.45 Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...

2013-01-01

282

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...Development § 925.45 Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...

2012-01-01

283

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...Development § 925.45 Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...

2014-01-01

284

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...Development § 925.45 Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...

2011-01-01

285

Pharmaceutical Patents: Incentives for Research and Development or Marketing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze how a patent-holding pharmaceutical firm may strategically use advertising of existing drugs to affect research and development (R&D) investments in new (differentiated) drugs, and thereby affect the probability distribution of future market structures in the industry. Within a fairly general model framework, we derive exact conditions for advertising and R&D being substitute strategies for the incumbent firm and

Kurt R. Brekke; Odd Rune Straume

2009-01-01

286

The Stock Market Valuation of Research and Development Expenditures  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine whether stock prices fully value firms' intangible assets, specifically research and development (R&D). Under current U.S. accounting standards, financial statements do not report intangible assets and R&D spending is expensed. Nonetheless, the average historical stock returns of firms doing R&D matches the returns of firms without R&D. However, the market is apparently too pessimistic about beaten-down R&D-intensive technology

Louis K. C. Chan; Josef Lakonishok; Theodore Sougiannis

2001-01-01

287

The Marketing Mix and Development of Medical Tourism in Shiraz  

PubMed Central

Introduction: In recent years, medical tourism market has been raised as one of the income-earning and competitive industries in the world and is considered as a modern field of advanced tourism. Therefore, a great number of countries are seeking to develop this type of tourism and one of the strategies for developing this industry is using the marketing mix elements. Methods: This study was a descriptive-analytic and cross sectional one. The research community included all the public and private hospitals of Shiraz among which, 7 public and 9 private hospitals were studied. The study data were collected through a researcher-made check list whose face and content validity was confirmed by the experts. Then, the data were entered into the SPSS statistical software. According to the objectives of the study, the descriptive results were presented in frequency tables and Chi-square test was used for data analysis. In addition, P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: According to the results, both public and private hospitals of Shiraz were in the best condition regarding staff and physician mix and in the worst condition concerning promoting and facilities mixes. No significant difference was found between public and private hospitals regarding the mixes. Conclusion: From marketing mix elements view, paying more attention to media advertisements and providing more facilities can improve the status of the hospitals which, consequently, results in attracting more medical tourists and developing this industry in Shiraz. PMID:23678337

Jabbari, Alireza; Rahimi Zarchi, Mohammad Kazem; Kavosi, Zahra; Shafaghat, Tahere; Keshtkaran, Ali

2013-01-01

288

A new affordable housing model in China : a case-based examination of a private developer's role  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the motivations behind Wanhuilou, the first affordable housing development to be initiated, constructed, and subsidized by a private developer--China Vanke. This case presents a pioneering firm and a ...

Stuchell, Claudine C. (Claudine Cecile)

2008-01-01

289

A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)  

E-print Network

This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

Davis, Trevor Paul

1983-01-01

290

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and development. The...

2010-01-01

291

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and development. The...

2011-01-01

292

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and development. The...

2012-01-01

293

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and development. The...

2013-01-01

294

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and development. The...

2014-01-01

295

Modeling the Effects of Labor Market Reforms in a Developing Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developing economies, substantial economic activity takes place in the informal labor market, beyond the reach of government policy. Labor market policies, which by definition apply only to the formal-sector labor market, then have important spillover effects. The relative sizes of the informal and formal sector labor markets adjust, the skill composition of the workforce in the two sectors changes,

James Albrecht; Lucas Navarro; Susan Vroman

2006-01-01

296

Market development directory for solar industrial process heat systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this directory is to provide a basis for market development activities through a location listing of key trade associations, trade periodicals, and key firms for three target groups. Potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers were identified as the prime targets for market development activities. The bulk of the directory is a listing of these two groups. The third group, solar IPH equipment manufacturers, was included to provide an information source for potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers. Trade associates and their publications are listed for selected four-digit Standard Industrial Code (SIC) industries. Since industries requiring relatively lower temperature process heat probably will comprise most of the near-term market for solar IPH systems, the 80 SIC's included in this chapter have process temperature requirements less than 350/sup 0/F. Some key statistics and a location list of the largest plants (according to number of employees) in each state are included for 15 of the 80 SIC's. Architectural/engineering and consulting firms are listed which are known to have solar experience. Professional associated and periodicals to which information on solar IPH sytstems may be directed also are included. Solar equipment manufacturers and their associations are listed. The listing is based on the SERI Solar Energy Information Data Base (SEIDB).

None

1980-02-01

297

World Development Report 2002: Building Institutions for Markets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A carefully weighted, well-conceived document, the World BankâÂÂs World Development Report 2002 (last mentioned in the October 5, 2000 Scout Report) discusses the viable options available to developing nations attempting to open their markets to the world and thereby better the circumstances of their peoples. Honestly recognizing that free market economies are not one-size-fits-all, the report encourages policy builders and analysts to carefully consider the specific circumstances and histories of their countries as they add to infrastructure. A primary focus of the report is on individual institutions and their positive potential in serving in a nationwide system of checks and balances, ones which can greatly extend the interests of the people. Here, the reports insists, policy makers must look to establish institutions and organizations that are right for given populations at a given place and time. Ultimately, therefore, the report calls on those responsible for true nation building to look to the welfare of their own people, especially as they seek to move their nations into an increasingly voracious global market.

Bank., World

2002-01-01

298

Development and marketing of a prosthetic urinary control valve system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An implantable prosthetic for the control of urinary incontinence was developed and marketed. Three phases are presented: bench development studies, animal trials, and human clinical trials. This work was performed under the direction of a Research Team at Rochester General Hospital (RGH). Bench trials were completed on prototype hardware and provided early verification of the device's ability to withstand repeated cyclic testing. Configurational variants were evaluated and a preferred design concept was established. Silicone rubber (medical grade) was selected as the preferred material for the prosthesis.

Tenney, J. B., Jr.; Rabinowitz, R.; Rogers, D. W.; Harrison, H. N.

1983-01-01

299

Design and development of an automatic small-scale house for teaching domotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the design and development characteristics of an automatic small-scale house (1:12). Several installations are controlled: seven light points, five plugs, heating in one room, technical alarms, intruder alarms, two garden irrigation areas, one blind and communications. The architecture of the centralised domotics system is based on a programmable logic controller Simatic S7-200, and on a tactile operator

Felipe Mateos; Víctor M. González; Reyes Poo; Marta García; Rosana Olaiz

2001-01-01

300

Early focus development effort, ultrasonic inspection of fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ultrasonic technique was developed for the fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline that will support the Flight 15 time frame and subsequent motors. The technique has the capability to detect a 1.0 inch diameter unbond with a 90 percent probability of detection (POD) at a 95 percent confidence level. The technique and support equipment will perform within the working envelope dictated by a stacked motor configuration.

Hartmann, John K.; Hoskins, Brad R.; Karner, Paul

1991-01-01

301

The community-based partnership approach for affordable housing development : a case in Shenzhen, China  

E-print Network

Affordable housing has been a crucial urban issue in China. Given its fast-paced urbanization process, China is experiencing a dramatic increase in the demand for affordable housing. At the same time, the affordable housing ...

Zhao, Feifei

2009-01-01

302

Labour Flexibility and Regional Development: The Role of Labour Market Intermediaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

B ENNER C. (2003) Labour flexibility and regional development: the role of labour market intermediaries, Reg. Studies 37 , 621-633. As contemporary labour markets have become more complex, volatile and unpredictable, labour market intermediaries (LMIs) have played an increasingly prominent role in shaping labour flexibility and regional development. Existing theories of regional development, however, do not adequately account for this

Chris Benner

2003-01-01

303

MARKETING RESEARCH AND NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT SUCCESS IN THAI FOOD PROCESSING  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Marketing plays an important ,role in ,new ,product ,development ,(NPD) through several mechanisms.,One iscross-functiona l communication and collaboration so that ,marketing ,issues ,are integrated into the NPD process. Another is the strategic orientation of NPD, which includes marketing,strategy issues such as customer ,orientation and ,market ,fit. Third, marketing research plays a specific role, as it provides the information and

Prisana Suwannaporn; Mark Speece

2002-01-01

304

The emotional economy of housing   

E-print Network

This paper offers an interpretation of the role of emotions in animating housing markets which complements more traditional economic and behavioural studies of locally based house-price inflation. Looking to debates within ...

Christie, H.; Smith, S.J.; Munro, M.

2008-10-01

305

Economy in energy through alternative sources of energy in mass-housing of developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Energy is an integral part of the development process and a major determinant for the improvement of the quality of life in human settlements. Skyrocketing oil price increases in recent years has made development increasingly difficult for at least two-thirds of the developing countries. An increasing number of developing countries are searching for new sources of energy and more efficient use of what is available. So, there is a need for well thought-out comprehensive energy saving program. There is a need for radical thinking in devising new and innovative energy policies, which should be dynamic, technologically flexible, and responsive to the needs and aspirations of people. There is large percentage of energy used in buildings which can be economised in the planning of new settlements. The paper discusses and recommends the adoption of some of the straight-forward technology through which there is a full scope for minimizing the usage of energy in housing. Moving ahead, the paper also makes suggestions to developing countries how to develop and adopt alternative sources of energy in housing; especially solar energy, for cooling and heating purposes, because in solar energy most of the developing countries are very rich. Further, the paper strongly recommends that Universities, Colleges, and Schools should teach the latest concepts of energy conservation and use of alternative energy sources. However, the largest savings in energy consumption would arise from a real desire and economy consciousness on the part of the individual in the community to limit energy usage.

Sinha, I.B.

1980-12-01

306

Arctic house  

E-print Network

Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

1999-01-01

307

The Effect of High Concentration Public Housing on Crime, Construction, and Home Prices: Evidence from Demolitions in  

E-print Network

The Effect of High Concentration Public Housing on Crime, Construction, and Home Prices: Evidence in these neighborhoods. Furthermore, homes close to large public housing developments exhibit larger price growth than, Berkeley Job Market Paper January 13, 2009 Abstract Despite popular accounts that link public housing

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

308

Agricultural Marketing Policy Center Linfield Hall  

E-print Network

the entire Senate) and the House Agriculture Committee have recently developed alternative farm bill insurance programs, although the structure of the new programs included in the House and Senate AgricultureAgricultural Marketing Policy Center Linfield Hall P.O. Box 172920 Montana State University Bozeman

Maxwell, Bruce D.

309

A marketing communications framework for small political parties in developed countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This research aims to undertake a business theory application into the political marketing context, examine the degree and nature of its theoretical and practical compatibility, and develop a preliminary conceptual marketing communications (MCs) framework for small political parties (SPPs) in developed countries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is conceptual and incorporates and interrelates the findings of existing business marketing

Alkis Thrassou; Demetris Vrontis; Malcolm H. B. McDonald

2009-01-01

310

Network development and knowledge creation within the foreign market: A study of international entrepreneurial firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to contribute to international entrepreneurship theory by adopting a foreign market perspective when examining the links between network development and knowledge creation. Network development is argued to enhance the understanding of regional market structures and make firms more inclined ? and better able ? to create knowledge in foreign market business relationships (business relationships

Daniel Tolstoy

2010-01-01

311

Seasonal variability in environmental tobacco smoke exposure in public housing developments.  

PubMed

The risk of tobacco smoking and second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure combined are the leading contributors to disease burden in high-income countries. Recent studies and policies are focusing on reducing exposure to SHS in multiunit housing (MUH), especially public housing. We examined seasonal patterns of SHS levels within indoor common areas located on Boston Housing Authority (BHA) properties. We measured weekly integrated and continuous fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) and passive airborne nicotine in six buildings of varying building and occupant characteristics in summer 2012 and winter 2013. The average weekly indoor PM2.5 concentration across all six developments was 9.2 ?g/m(3) , higher during winter monitoring period (10.3 ?g/m(3) ) compared with summer (8.0 ?g/m(3) ). Airborne nicotine concentrations ranged from no detection to about 5000 ng/m(3) (mean 311 ng/m(3) ). Nicotine levels were significantly higher in the winter compared with summer (620 vs. 85 ng/m(3) ; 95% CI: 72-998). Smoking-related exposures within Boston public housing vary by season, building types, and resident smoking policy. Our results represent exposure disparities that may contribute to health disparities in low-income communities and highlight the potential importance of efforts to mitigate SHS exposures during winter when outdoor-indoor exchange rates are low and smokers may tend to stay indoors. Our findings support the use of smoke-free policy as an effective tool to eliminate SHS exposure and protect non-smokers, especially residents of MUH. PMID:24750252

Arku, R E; Adamkiewicz, G; Vallarino, J; Spengler, J D; Levy, D E

2015-02-01

312

From Infantile Citizens to Infantile Institutions: The Metaphoric Transformation of Political Economy in the 2008 Housing Market Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The logic of political economy depends on a domestic metaphor, using the "oikos" or household as a model for the "polis." Historically, this metaphor has imagined citizens as the children of a paternal state. However during the 2008 housing crisis, this metaphor was turned upside down, depicting citizens as the parents of infantile state…

Foley, Megan

2012-01-01

313

7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, OREGON, UTAH, WASHINGTON, AND WISCONSIN Order Regulating Handling Research, Market...

2012-01-01

314

Public market development strategy : making the improbable possible  

E-print Network

Public markets were once central components of the urban food system in American cities, but declined in number and importance by the middle of the 20th century. Despite a diminished role in feeding the city, public markets ...

Zade, Joshua Charles

2009-01-01

315

Effect of housing system, slaughter weight and slaughter strategy on carcass and meat quality, sex organ development and androstenone and skatole levels in Duroc finished entire male pigs.  

PubMed

This study aimed at evaluating the effect of housing system (HS), slaughter weight (SW) and strategy (SS) on carcass a nd meat quality, sexual organ development and boar taint in entire males. Twelve pens of 10 pigs were used (two trials). Half of male pens were allowed visual contact with females (MF) and half with males (MM). Half MM or MF were slaughtered at 105 or 130 kg in trial 1, or penwise or by split marketing in trial 2 at 120 kg. Housing system showed no significant effect on carcass or meat quality. MF presented significantly longer testicles and heavier bulbourethral glands compared to MM. The distribution of androstenone and skatole levels was affected by SW but not by HS or SS, samples with androstenone >1 ?g/g of the different groups falling within the range of 16 to 22%. All correlations between androstenone and sex organs were significant. Housing system and slaughter strategy did not reduce the risk of boar tainted carcasses. PMID:21641121

Fàbrega, E; Gispert, M; Tibau, J; Hortós, M; Oliver, M A; Furnols, M Font I

2011-12-01

316

Using strategic alliances to develop credible green marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacturers of consumer goods face various problems when they attempt to integrate environmental attributes into their marketing mix. In many cases the inclusion of environmental issues in the marketing mix is largely motivated by the organization?s desire to address consumers? increasing level of environmental awareness. However, producers face three problems when they attempt to utilize environmental marketing: a lack of

Nicola Mendleson; Michael Jay Polonsky

1995-01-01

317

Developing Pedagogical Competence: Issues and Implications for Marketing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence in pedagogy and research is the sine qua non of marketing educators' careers. However, there is evidence in the literature that marketing academics focus "more on" and "are more competent" in research than teaching. This imbalance, in a majority of instances, can be traced back to doctoral education. Doctoral programs in marketing are…

Madhavaram, Sreedhar; Laverie, Debra A.

2010-01-01

318

Education, Job Signaling, and Dual Labor Markets in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overlapping generational model of educational investment in a dual labor markets is presented in which education serves both as a screening device and as investment in human capital. Labor market dualism arises not only via the conventional technology (productivity) differential between a primary and a secondary sector, but also by a higher than a labor market clearing wage in

Sunwoong Kim; Hamid Mohtadi

1992-01-01

319

PRODUCT MARKET REGULATION, FIRM SIZE, UNEMPLOYMENT AND INFORMALITY IN DEVELOPING  

E-print Network

of some exogenous parameters related to labor market matching technology, productivity, workers This paper studies the impact of product and labor market regulations on informality and unemployment, they are subject to matching friction in the labor market, and wages are determined through bargaining between

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

320

THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA Housing income  

E-print Network

by the university to develop Hampton Place. a market housingproject at the comerof 16th Ave. and Wesbrook MallI THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA Housing income to fund researchby Gavin Wilson Staffwriter "`justto see how they were doing." That tellsyou a cou- ple of things aboutAgri- culture. nomics

Farrell, Anthony P.

321

Outsourcing Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes discussion at a recent program of the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) regarding the trend toward privatized student housing; discussion highlighted market conditions, financing, and operations. (EV)

Cirino, Anna Marie

2003-01-01

322

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction.

Syphard, Alexandra D.; Massada, Avi Bar; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E.

2013-01-01

323

Land Use Planning and Wildfire: Development Policies Influence Future Probability of Housing Loss  

PubMed Central

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

Syphard, Alexandra D.; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E.

2013-01-01

324

Accelerating Municipal Bond Market Development in Emerging Economies: An Assessment of Strategies and Progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advantages of using municipal bonds to finance urban infrastructure are increasingly evident to policymakers in emerging economies, some of whom are undertaking efforts to accelerate the development of municipal bond markets in their countries. Many of these efforts use the strengths of the U.S. municipal market as a guide to suggest the kinds of market characteristics necessary to attract

James Leigland

1997-01-01

325

An Investigation of Strategic Decision Making in Service Marketing through Case Study Development and Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the collaborative efforts of an undergraduate student and a professor of marketing, this paper focuses on a case study and corresponding teaching notes developed as a final component of an independent study in service marketing. The case utilizes the hospitality industry as the template for analysis of the appropriateness of marketing

Rosetti, Joseph L.; Maceiko, Meghan

2009-01-01

326

Urban Labor Market Growth And Uneven Regional Development In Post-Reform China, 1980–1995  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is to investigate how labor market growth in China's industrial sector has been shaped by the marketization processes and also spatially differentiated during the reform period. It contends that a study of regional labor market dynamics has a significant implication for understanding uneven regional development during the reform period. Using a shift share analysis, this study shows that

Wonho Lee

2001-01-01

327

41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does “self-help housing or housing assistance” mean?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...rehabilitation, or refurbishment of housing, under terms that require that...individual or family receiving housing or housing assistance must contribute a...standards and must be available at prices below prevailing market...

2011-01-01

328

Rationalizing urban land utilization : guidelines for housing developments in greater Khartoum, Sudan  

E-print Network

The housing crisis in Greater Khartoum manifests itself in a very high demand for housing and a deficient supply mechanism. This unsatisfied demand is reflected in high rents and land prices, high occupancy rates, and ...

Hamid, Gamal Mahmoud

1986-01-01

329

OSIRIS, an entirely in-house developed drug discovery informatics system.  

PubMed

We present OSIRIS, an entirely in-house developed drug discovery informatics system. Its components cover all information handling aspects from compound synthesis via biological testing to preclinical development. Its design principles are platform and vendor independence, a consistent look and feel, and complete coverage of the drug discovery process by custom tailored applications. These include electronic laboratory notebook applications for biology and chemistry, tools for high-throughput and secondary screening evaluation, chemistry-aware data visualization, physicochemical property prediction, 3D-pharmacophore comparisons, interactive modeling, computing grid based ligand-protein docking, and more. Most applications are developed in Java and are built on top of a Java library layer that provides reusable cheminformatics functionality and GUI components such as chemical editors, structure canonicalization, substructure search, combinatorial enumeration, enhanced stereo perception, force field minimization, and conformation generation. PMID:19434825

Sander, Thomas; Freyss, Joel; von Korff, Modest; Reich, Jacqueline Renée; Rufener, Christian

2009-02-01

330

The Strategic Exercise of Options: Development Cascades and Overbuilding in Real Estate Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops an equilibrium framework for strategic option exercise games. The author focuses on a particular example: the timing of real estate development. An analysis of the equilibrium exercise policies of developers provides insights into the forces that shape market behavior. The model isolates the factors that make some markets prone to bursts of concentrated development. The model also

Steven R Grenadier

1996-01-01

331

School Principals as Marketing Managers: The Expanding Role of Marketing for School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relative importance that school principals attach to aspects of their role as marketing managers for their schools and their relative satisfaction with their efforts to date. The study included 60 principals from two school districts. Findings suggest that principals are aware of the importance of marketing in today's…

Anast-May, Linda; Mitchell, Mark; Buckner, Barbara Chesler; Elsberry, Cindy

2012-01-01

332

Higher occupancy humanism : the trade-offs for encouraging middle income housing in a global city  

E-print Network

In high density urban areas where the land acquisition and construction cost components are significant relative to total development costs, the market typically supplies a high-income housing product in order to justify ...

Konishi, Ryunosuke, 1975-

2003-01-01

333

12 CFR 1200.2 - Organization of the Federal Housing Finance Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...policy development, policy research and analysis affecting housing...markets, and policy analysis and research in support of FHFA's mission...Information, Privacy Act and ethics programs. The Designated Agency Ethics Official advises,...

2013-01-01

334

12 CFR 1200.2 - Organization of the Federal Housing Finance Agency.  

...policy development, policy research and analysis affecting housing...markets, and policy analysis and research in support of FHFA's mission...Information, Privacy Act and ethics programs. The Designated Agency Ethics Official advises,...

2014-01-01

335

Engineering-Based Methods for Affordable Housing and Sustainable Community Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing is a key component of the U. S. economy: in 2001, housing comprised more than a third of the nation's tangible assets, and, in the form of home building and remodeling, housing consumption and related spending represented more than 21 percent of the U. S. gross domestic product. Since 2001, home sales, prices, equity and debt have all grown

Michael P. Johnson

2006-01-01

336

Title: Developing the domestic luminaire market for LED technology - how can policy help drive synchronous development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Light emitting diodes potentially offer large energy savings from domestic lighting in the UK and could offer global energy savings on a massive scale. However, in the developed world, the lighting market is not dominated by the need for low energy sources so much as for lamps and luminaires that compliment our lifestyle. Domestic lighting is an interior design choice

Hilary Graves

337

Housing Pregnant Mice (Mus musculus) in Small Groups Facilitates the Development of Odor-Based Homing in Offspring  

E-print Network

the mother to the offspring. Surrounding the body of data relevant to social effects on development's social context during pregnancy influences postnatal patterns of offspring development. Some researchHousing Pregnant Mice (Mus musculus) in Small Groups Facilitates the Development of Odor

338

The Italian Art Market and the importance of communication strategies: from fairs to auction houses’ best practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Italian cultural industry is now marching on an innovative supply chain, whose main pattern consists in a new utility perception and consumption behaviours on the demand side and a strong vocation to invest in communication and public relations on the supply side. The content of this paper is an attempt to justify the emerging relevance of marketing strategies and

Angela Besana

2009-01-01

339

Advances in the development of FRIDA's mechanisms control system and house-keeping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FRIDA will be a near infrared imager and integral field spectrograph covering the wavelength range from 0.9 to 2.5 microns. Primary observing modes are: direct imaging and integral field spectroscopy. This paper describes the main advances in the development of the electronics and control system for both the mechanisms and house-keeping of FRIDA. In order to perform several tests of mechanisms in both room and cryogenic environments, a set of programs had been developed. All variables of the vacuum control system were determined and the main control structure based on one Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) had been established. A key function of the FRIDA's control system is keeping the integrity of cryostat during all processes, so we have designed a redundant heating control system which will be in charge of avoiding cryostat inner overheating. In addition, some improvements of cryogenic and room temperature cabling structure are described.

Flores-Meza, R.; Garcés, J.; Lara, G.; Sánchez, B.; Espejo, C.; Keiman, C.; Cuevas, S.; Díaz, J. J.

2014-07-01

340

Unraveling Hidden Order in the Dynamics of Developed and Emerging Markets  

PubMed Central

The characterization of asset price returns is an important subject in modern finance. Traditionally, the dynamics of stock returns are assumed to lack any temporal order. Here we present an analysis of the autocovariance of stock market indices and unravel temporal order in several major stock markets. We also demonstrate a fundamental difference between developed and emerging markets in the past decade - emerging markets are marked by positive order in contrast to developed markets whose dynamics are marked by weakly negative order. In addition, the reaction to financial crises was found to be reversed among developed and emerging markets, presenting large positive/negative autocovariance spikes following the onset of these crises. Notably, the Chinese market shows neutral or no order while being regarded as an emerging market. These findings show that despite the coupling between international markets and global trading, major differences exist between different markets, and demonstrate that the autocovariance of markets is correlated with their stability, as well as with their state of development. PMID:25383630

Berman, Yonatan; Shapira, Yoash; Ben-Jacob, Eshel

2014-01-01

341

Sweet carbon: An analysis of sugar industry carbon market opportunities under the clean development mechanism  

E-print Network

Sweet carbon: An analysis of sugar industry carbon market opportunities under the clean development. Financial additionality should be required for all projects; however, any financial additionality test

Jacobson, Arne

342

Development of a Compact Maglev Centrifugal Blood Pump Enclosed in a Titanium Housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A compact centrifugal blood pump consisting of a controlled two-degrees-of-freedom radial magnetic bearing and a brushless DC motor enclosed in a titanium housing has been developed for use as an implantable ventricular assist device. The magnetic bearing also supports axial and angular motions of the impeller via a magnetic coupling. The top housing is made of pure titanium, while the impeller and the stator are coated with pure titanium and Ti-6Al-7Nb, respectively, to improve the biocompatibility of the pump. The combination of pure titanium and titanium alloy was chosen because of the sensitivity of eddy current type displacement sensors through the intervening conducting wall. The dimensions of the pump are 69.0 mm in diameter and 28.5 mm in height. During a pump performance test, axial shifting of the impeller due to hydraulic forces led to variations in the rotational positioning signal, causing loss of control of the rotational speed. This problem was solved by conditioning the rotational positioning signal. With a flow rate of 5 l/min against a head pressure of 100 mmHg, the power consumption and efficiency of the pump were 5.5 W and 20%, respectively. Furthermore, the hemolysis of the blood pump was 43.6% lower when compared to that of a commercially available pump.

Pai, Chi Nan; Shinshi, Tadahiko; Asama, Junichi; Takatani, Setsuo; Shimokohbe, Akira

343

In-house development of an optimized synthetic module for routine [11C]acetate production  

PubMed Central

[11C]Acetate, a radiotracer for PET imaging, is a promising radiopharmaceutical for overcoming the limitation of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose in a number of cancers. Here, the optimized automatic synthesis of [11C]acetate using an in-house-developed module under different conditions has been reported for routine production. [11C]CO2 was produced in a 16.4?MeV PETtrace cyclotron, and methyl magnesium chloride was used for synthesis. For product purification, ion-exchange solid-phase extraction cartridges were used, connected in series. High-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography were used to measure radiochemical and chemical purity. The Limulus amebocyte lysate test and the fluid thioglycollate medium test were performed for quality control of [11C]acetate. The total reaction time of [11C]acetate was within 15?min, and the overall decay-corrected radiochemical yield was 84.33±8.85%. Radiochemical purity was greater than 98% when evaluated on an analytical high-performance liquid chromatography system. No endotoxins or anaerobic bacteria were seen on quality control checks. Optimized production of [11C]acetate was achieved by the in-house module. Radiochemical and biological properties of the [11C]acetate produced were appropriate for clinical PET study. PMID:25244351

Jang, Hwa Youn; Kwon, Seong Young; Pyo, Ayoung; Hur, Min Goo; Kim, Sang Wook; Park, Jeong-Hoon; Kim, Hee-Jung; Yang, Seung Dae; Lee, Sunwoo; Kim, Dong-Yeon

2015-01-01

344

In-house development of an optimized synthetic module for routine [11C]acetate production.  

PubMed

[11C]Acetate, a radiotracer for PET imaging, is a promising radiopharmaceutical for overcoming the limitation of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose in a number of cancers. Here, the optimized automatic synthesis of [11C]acetate using an in-house-developed module under different conditions has been reported for routine production. [11C]CO2 was produced in a 16.4?MeV PETtrace cyclotron, and methyl magnesium chloride was used for synthesis. For product purification, ion-exchange solid-phase extraction cartridges were used, connected in series. High-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography were used to measure radiochemical and chemical purity. The Limulus amebocyte lysate test and the fluid thioglycollate medium test were performed for quality control of [11C]acetate. The total reaction time of [11C]acetate was within 15?min, and the overall decay-corrected radiochemical yield was 84.33±8.85%. Radiochemical purity was greater than 98% when evaluated on an analytical high-performance liquid chromatography system. No endotoxins or anaerobic bacteria were seen on quality control checks. Optimized production of [11C]acetate was achieved by the in-house module. Radiochemical and biological properties of the [11C]acetate produced were appropriate for clinical PET study. PMID:25244351

Jang, Hwa Youn; Kwon, Seong Young; Pyo, Ayoung; Hur, Min Goo; Kim, Sang Wook; Park, Jeong-Hoon; Kim, Hee-Jung; Yang, Seung Dae; Lee, Sunwoo; Kim, Dong-Yeon; Min, Jung-Joon

2015-01-01

345

Development of the Internal Electricity Market in Europe  

SciTech Connect

Member states of the European Union have similar electricity market architectures, but these markets are weakly integrated. There is great potential in improving the links among member state submarkets, making better use of existing grid infrastructure. While investments in grid bottlenecks are necessary, existing regulation is inadequate to ensure and coordinate cross-border transmission investments.

Meeus, Leonardo; Purchala, Konrad; Belmans, Ronnie

2005-07-01

346

Risk, Financial Markets, and Human Capital in a Developing Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the link between financial market incompleteness and human capital accumulation. The authors examine how child school attendance responds to seasonal fluctuations in the income of agrarian households using panel data from rural India. To pinpoint market imperfections, they study responses to aggregate and idiosyncratic, as well as to anticipated and unanticipated, income shocks. The authors' main finding

Hanan G Jacoby; Emmanuel Skoufias

1997-01-01

347

Cumulative effects of labor market distortions in a developing country  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers a small open economy with an input–output industrial structure that creates vertical linkages and multiple equilibria. An imperfect labor market is introduced by assuming unionized labor. It is shown that a deregulation of the labor market may trigger a large, discontinuous expansion of industrial output, as reduced wage costs start a circular, cumulative process in which expansions

Pehr-Johan Norbäck

2001-01-01

348

Developing Graduate Marketing Programs for Economies in Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes some of the authors' experiences in introducing marketing concepts to students involved in the transition from planned to market economies. It addresses critical issues involved in the translation of these concepts within languages that often have no words that are synonymous with these terms. The authors discuss methods…

Chadraba, Petr G.; O'Keefe, Robert D.

2007-01-01

349

24 CFR 982.514 - Distribution of housing assistance payment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT...HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing...directly to the utility supplier to pay the...

2010-04-01

350

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most

J. Dean; O. VanGeet; S. Simkus; M. Eastment

2012-01-01

351

Progress in the development of specific immunotherapies for house dust mite allergies.  

PubMed

Allergen-specific immunotherapy is used to treat patients exposed and co-sensitized to the two common house dust mites, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae. Based on seroepidemiological studies and a detailed characterization of mite allergens, an optimal immunotherapeutic product should associate extracts from the two Dermatophagoides species, and include both bodies and fecal particles. Both subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapies performed with aqueous mite extracts are safe and efficacious in children and adults with mite-induced rhinitis and/or asthma. Double-blind placebo-controlled studies are conducted to further document the efficacy of immunotherapeutic products, with promising results that were obtained already with sublingual tablets. Current developments of second-generation products relying upon recombinant allergens and peptides are reviewed. PMID:25187166

Moingeon, Philippe

2014-12-01

352

Bringing Researchers and Community Developers Together to Revitalize a Public Housing Project and Improve Health  

PubMed Central

Billions of dollars are invested annually to improve low-income neighborhoods, the health impacts of which are rarely studied prospectively. University of California researchers and Mercy Housing/The Related Companies formed a “Learning Community” with the dual goals of examining the health impacts of a large-scale San Francisco redevelopment project and informing the development team of best public health practices. Early experiences highlight challenges and opportunities, including differences in stakeholders, incentives, and funding, the strengths of local partnerships, and fresh insights from new analytic tools and perspectives. Research suggests interventions that ameliorate upstream causes of poor health would save health care dollars, but policy makers must incentivize collaboration in order to spread a Learning Community model. PMID:22068398

LeWinn, Kaja Z.; Hutson, Malo A.; Dare, Ramie; Falk, Janet

2014-01-01

353

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2011-01-01

354

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2013-01-01

355

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2012-01-01

356

12 CFR 1807.401 - Affordable housing-rental housing.  

...Section 1807.401 Banks and Banking COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FUND, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CAPITAL MAGNET FUND Qualification as Affordable Housing § 1807.401 Affordable housing—rental housing. To qualify as...

2014-01-01

357

Creating an asset management model for Massachusetts state-aided public housing : a study of policies and practices to inform the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development  

E-print Network

Local housing authorities in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts currently manage over 50,000 state-aided public housing units on a consolidated, authority-wide level-a style of property management that does not allow for ...

Creeley, Hannah Highton

2009-01-01

358

The Winners in China’s Urban Housing Reform  

PubMed Central

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China’s transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation. PMID:24163494

Logan, John R.; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

2013-01-01

359

An Analysis of Current Labor Market Developments and Structures in European Union – in Correlation with Labor Market Flexicurity Requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Althougt at first sight the crisis appears as a disturbance of the regular course of economic, social and organizational, this is a necessary step that turns old structures and relations to some superior functional. Under these conditions, hawever, it is absolutely necessary that the situation be properly evaluated by an analysis of developments and labour market structures and be taken

Alina ?tefania CHENIC

2012-01-01

360

Sweet carbon: An analysis of sugar industry carbon market opportunities under the clean development mechanism  

E-print Network

Sweet carbon: An analysis of sugar industry carbon market opportunities under the clean development 10 September 2009 Keywords: Clean development mechanism Sugar Carbon markets a b s t r a c t Bagasse a data set of 204 bagasse electricity generation projects at sugar mills, indicates that these projects

Kammen, Daniel M.

361

Dimensions of general market demand associated with professional team sports: Development of a scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to develop the Scale of Market Demand to assess general market demand factors affecting the consumption of professional team sports, which was completed through the following five steps: (a) formulation of a theoretical framework, (b) development of a preliminary scale, (c) exploratory factor analysis (EFA), (d) confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and (e) examination of

Kevin K. Byon; James J. Zhang; Daniel P. Connaughton

2010-01-01

362

Development of an Updated Strategic Marketing Plan for Fox Valley Technical College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was conducted to develop a comprehensive strategic marketing plan for Fox Valley Technical College (FVTC). Components included a review of the literature, establishing criteria for the plan, validation of the criteria, the actual development of the plan involving a formative committee, and the review of institutional marketing plans…

May, Susan A.

363

The mediating role of new product development in the link between market orientation and organizational performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proficiency in new product development activities may be the key to the conversion of a market?oriented culture into superior organizational performance through better new product performance. To examine this conjecture our study tests hypotheses on the mediating effects of the proficiency in new product development activities and new product performance on the relationship between market orientation and organizational performance.

Fred Langerak; Erik Jan Hultink; Henry S. J. Robben

2007-01-01

364

Export Market Development: Planning and Relationship Processes of Entrepreneurs in Different Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article makes an initial exploration of whether and to what extent different national values may affect the development of export markets through business to business relationships between entrepreneurs in different countries. It does this by specifically examining the trust between people and the nature and role of business planning in the export market development process. To do this, different

Mark Dibben; Simon Harris; Colin Wheeler

2003-01-01

365

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3 -- Design Development and Prototyping  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective alternative envelope designs. In the near term, these technologies will play a central role in meeting stringent energy code requirements. For manufactured homes, the thermal requirements, last updated by statute in 1994, will move up to the more rigorous IECC 2012 levels in 2013, the requirements of which are consistent with site built and modular housing. This places added urgency on identifying envelope technologies that the industry can implement in the short timeframe. The primary goal of this research is to develop wall designs that meet the thermal requirements based on 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing the new envelope technologies. This work is part of a four-phase, multi-year effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three selected methods for building high performance wall systems. Phase 2 focused on the development of viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped critique and select the most viable solution to move further in the research -- stud walls with continuous exterior insulation. Phase 3, the subject of the current report, focused on the design development of the selected wall concept and explored variations on the use of exterior foam insulation. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing.

Levy, E.; Kessler, B.; Mullens, M.; Rath, P.

2014-01-01

366

7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.  

...FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA...and processing, marketing, distribution, and consumption of cherries subject to this part. The expense of such projects...

2014-01-01

367

7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA...and processing, marketing, distribution, and consumption of cherries subject to this part. The expense of such projects...

2013-01-01

368

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

...FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWEET CHERRIES GROWN IN DESIGNATED COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating...or promote the marketing, distribution, and consumption of cherries. The expense of such projects shall be paid from funds...

2014-01-01

369

Affordable housing  

SciTech Connect

This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

Not Available

1989-01-01

370

Sustainable urban development? Low-cost housing challenges in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-cost housing provision has been a major focus of government in post-apartheid urban South Africa. While successes can be noted, there is growing concern regarding the social and environmental sustainability of housing programs and the impacts upon both the surrounding environment and human health. Utilizing key informant interviews, survey research, Census data and documentary review, this essay identifies the major

Allison Goebel

2007-01-01

371

Students in My Backyard: Housing at the Campus Edge and Other Emerging Trends in Residential Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When it comes to building student housing, the stakes for universities and colleges have never been higher. From competing for prospective students and environmental bragging rights to contesting for space on the typical campus, institutions face a fundamentally different landscape than they did when housing previous generations of students. A…

Martin, John; Allen, Mark

2009-01-01

372

Strategic developments in home systems: House_n and standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a new laboratory at MIT exploring the combination of architecture and home systems. The MIT Home of the Future, known as House_n, is rethinking the design and construction process for new homes. The paper presents new building designs, materials, and an integrated home network infrastructure. The research at MIT will be validated by a prototype house, called the

K. Wacks

2002-01-01

373

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

374

Development and application of a preference test system to evaluate housing conditions for laboratory rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improved knowledge of the ethological needs of laboratory animals can be used not only to verify current guidelines on laboratory animal housing, but also to refine these guidelines if desirable. Carefully chosen experiments can provide valid information about preferences or aversions towards specific housing conditions. The results of preference tests should be interpreted carefully and considered with results from direct

H. J. M. Blom; G. Van Tintelen; V. Baumans; J. Van Den Broek; A. C. Beynen

1995-01-01

375

7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...substantially in accordance with the drawings and specifications. The builder will also provide a certification that the onsite work complies...contractor for delivery and erection of the house on the site or a builder may contract with the borrower for the complete house in...

2010-01-01

376

Fifty Years of British Housing Policy: Leaving or Leading the Welfare State?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to develop a new perspective on the housing–welfare state relationship in Britain. Housing is conventionally seen as part of the post-war welfare state, but as different from other core services because of the persistence of a large market sector. Housing is also seen as having been targeted for change in the post-1975 restructuring of the welfare state,

Peter Malpass

2004-01-01

377

Fifty Years of British Housing Policy: Leaving or Leading the Welfare State?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to develop a new perspective on the housing-welfare state relationship in Britain. Housing is conventionally seen as part of the post-war welfare state, but as different from other core services because of the persistence of a large market sector. Housing is also seen as having been targeted for change in the post-1975 restructuring of the welfare state,

Peter Malpass

2001-01-01

378

A Research Agenda for Forest Products Marketing and Business Development in Louisiana: 2009-2013  

E-print Network

A Research Agenda for Forest Products Marketing and Business Development in Louisiana: 2009-2013 Richard P. Vlosky Professor and Director Louisiana Forest Products Development Center School of Renewable Natural Resources Louisiana Agricultural Center Baton Rouge, Louisiana Louisiana Forest Products

Wu, Qinglin

379

The photovoltaic market analysis program : background, model development, applications and extensions  

E-print Network

The purpose of this report is to describe and motivate the market analysis program for photovoltaics that has developed over the last several years. The main objective of the program is to develop tools and procedures to ...

Lilien, Gary L.

1981-01-01

380

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...marketable title to the Corporate Certificate and the exclusive right of permanent possession of the dwelling unit. ...marketable title to the Corporate Certificate and the exclusive right of possession of the dwelling unit. (f)...

2010-04-01

381

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...marketable title to the Corporate Certificate and the exclusive right of permanent possession of the dwelling unit. ...marketable title to the Corporate Certificate and the exclusive right of possession of the dwelling unit. (f)...

2011-04-01

382

Understanding Alcohol Consumption and Its Correlates among African American Youths in Public Housing: A Test of Problem Behavior Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American youths are overrepresented in urban public housing developments characterized by violence, poverty, and alternative market activities. Using Jessor and Jessor's problem behavior theory (PBT), the authors examined alcohol use and its correlates in a sample of African American youths from three public housing developments (N = 403).…

Lombe, Margaret; Yu, Mansoo; Nebbitt, Von; Earl, Tara

2011-01-01

383

NOTE: An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy-1 can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min-1) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37° C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding ±30° C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations.

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-02-01

384

[Shared-housing arrangements for care-dependent older persons - characteristics, development and drivers].  

PubMed

Shared-Housing Arrangements (SHA) for care-dependent older persons gain increasing importance as a setting for nursing care in Germany, both in terms of numbers and user preference. This article aims to answer the questions in which phases SHA have developed over time, what the initiator's objectives are, and what factors contributed to SHA proliferation. A systematic review of the literature was conducted that finally included 73 articles. As a result it can be demonstrated that SHA started from "individual user initiatives", became "developing novel services" and finally established themselves as "regular services" in the nursing setting. A typology of different models of SHA can be organised along two dimensions: Firstly the temporal dimension of care organisation and secondly the way care services are purchased. Objectives formulated by the initiators of SHA are: Establishment of a family - like environment, inclusion of relatives, community orientation, security of care provision and maintenance of self-determination. Tailor-made financial and legal regulations supported the spread of SHAs. In reflection of the available literature it becomes evident that no satisfactory consensus on those elements exist that are constitutive for SHAs. Furthermore, there is a dearth of research on whether postulated objectives and other health related goals are actually being met in SHAs. Open questions pertain also the level of self-determination achieved in practice and other outcomes attained. PMID:21480174

Fischer, Thomas; Worch, Andreas; Nordheim, Johanna; Wulff, Ines Martin; Gräske, Johannes; Meye, Sandra; Wolf-Ostermann, Karin

2011-04-01

385

Improving energy efficiency: Strategies for supporting sustained market evolution in developing and transitioning countries  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a framework for considering market-oriented strategies for improving energy efficiency that recognize the conditions of developing and transitioning countries, and the need to strengthen the effectiveness of market forces in delivering greater energy efficiency. It discusses policies that build markets in general, such as economic and energy pricing reforms that encourage competition and increase incentives for market actors to improve the efficiency of their energy use, and measures that reduce the barriers to energy efficiency in specific markets such that improvement evolves in a dynamic, lasting manner. The report emphasizes how different policies and measures support one another and can create a synergy in which the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. In addressing this topic, it draws on the experience with market transformation energy efficiency programs in the US and other industrialized countries.

Meyers, S.

1998-02-01

386

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development 2009/10-2011/12 Service Plan Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development's overarching purpose is to position British Columbia to meet the competitive challenges of the twenty-first century through better aligning labour market supply and demand. In the six months since the Ministry issued its February 2009 service plan and the subsequent re-election of…

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

2009-01-01

387

Extension's Role in Developing a Farmers' Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in access to local food is increasing. Communities of all types and sizes have volunteers interested in creating farmers' markets. Extension can play an important role in the development of farmers' markets because it is ideally suited to organize and coordinate these volunteer energies. By helping community volunteers focus…

Civittolo, David

2012-01-01

388

Green energy market development in Germany: effective public policy and emerging customer demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the development of renewable energy in Germany from 1973 to 2003. It investigates the relative importance of energy policy and green power marketing in shaping the renewable energy market. More than a decade of consistent policy support for renewables under the feed-in law (StrEG) and its successor (EEG) has been an important driver for increasing renewable electricity

Rolf Wüstenhagen; Michael Bilharz

2006-01-01

389

Glycoalkaloid Development during Greening of Fresh Market Potatoes ( Solanum tuberosum L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chlorophyll and glycoalkaloid synthesis in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers occur in direct response to light. The two processes are concurrent, but independent. Color photographic indices to subjectively grade fresh market potatoes for the extent of greening were developed under lighting conditions consistent with those of retail markets. Total glycoalkaloid (TGA) and chlorophyll accumulation for four cultivars were determined over

Laura A. Grunenfelder; Lisa O. Knowles; Larry K. Hiller; N. Richard Knowles

2006-01-01

390

Connecting the Dots: The Labor Market Information View of Workforce Development. Essays for the Practitioner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is comprised of 12 essays related to the federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), each of which serves as a generic primer on a topic relevant to work force development staff and researchers nationwide. The essays are "Learning the Language of LMI (Labor Market Information): Basic Labor Market Information Terms and Concepts"…

Froeschle, Richard, Ed.

391

Marketing Informal Education Institutions in Israel: The Centrality of Customers' Active Involvement in Service Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current paper outlines a unique marketing perspective that prevails in some informal education institutions in Israel parallel with "traditional modes of marketing", such as promotion, public relations and the like. Based on a case study research in five community centres, a service development based on active participation of the potential…

Oplatka, Izhar

2004-01-01

392

The Impact of Trade and Labor Market Regulations on Employment and Wages: Evidence from Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of openness and labor market rigidity on labor market outcomes in the manufacturing sector using panel data from 48 developing countries. Results from reduced form equations for employment and wages suggest hat on average trade liberalization has had a weak impact on employment and wages. At the same time, however, the effects of trade liberalization

Rana Hasan

2001-01-01

393

Labor Market Distortions and Structural Adjustments in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to provide a typology of different labor market configurations and investigate how two major structural adjustment policies, namely a trade liberalization reform and the relaxation of capital controls, affect the level of aggregate employment and the rate of unemployment. We consider a number of models starting from the traditional Australian approach. We then analyze

Sebastian Edwards; Alejandra Cox Edwards

1990-01-01

394

The Internal Agency Approach to Managing and Developing Marketing Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the internal agency model of a marketing communications department forces the department to compete with outside sources for work, while department members sharpen their skills and improve their knowledge of their company's business. Describes the process for creating such an internal agency, including initiating, implementing, and…

Kruell, Christopher

1995-01-01

395

Using open source data in developing competitive and marketing intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper seeks to show how the increasingly popular use of data and information acquired from open sources (OS) impacts competitive and marketing intelligence (C\\/MI). It describes the current state of the art in analysis efforts of open source intelligence (OSINT) in business\\/commercial enterprises, examines the planning and execution challenges organizations are experiencing associated with effectively using and

Craig S. Fleisher

2008-01-01

396

Developing Social Marketing Capacity to Address Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Social marketing is increasingly being seen as a potentially effective means of pursuing health education practice generally and within various specific areas such as mental health and wellbeing and more broadly in tackling health inequalities. This paper aims to report and reflect on the authors' experiences of undertaking a health…

Whitelaw, S.; Smart, E.; Kopela, J.; Gibson, T.; King, V.

2011-01-01

397

76 FR 5518 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Refinancing an Existing Cooperative Under Section 207...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Research, U.S. Housing Market Conditions...years of rapid home price appreciation from...2008 for multifamily housing) the aggressive underwriting...support rising property prices in similarly overheated multifamily housing markets. Some...

2011-02-01

398

Development and Analysis of a Sustainable Low Energy House in a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-print Network

This study examines the lifetime building energy consumption of a typical house in Bangkok, Thailand. The lifetime building energy consumption is composed of three major components: 1) the energy used in building construction (i.e., embodied...

Chulsukon, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Sylvester, K. E.

2002-01-01

399

The Challenge of Assessing Creative Problem Solving in Client-Based Marketing Development Projects: A SOLO Taxonomy Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creativity and marketing imagination are essential core competencies for marketers. Therefore, higher marketing education emphasizes creativity in several ways. However, assessing creativity and creative problem solving is challenging and tools for this purpose have not been developed in the context of marketing education. To address this gap, we…

Jaskari, Minna-Maarit

2013-01-01

400

Sources of nitrate in ground water in a sewered housing development, Central Long Island, New York  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Nitrate concentrations in ground water on Long Island, New York, have increased markedly in the last 30 years. A significant amount of this increase has been attributed to lawn and garden fertilizers in addition to cesspool and septic-tank discharges. The increase in nitrate concentration is of particular concern in the central and eastern part of the island, where ground water is the sole source of drinking water. Ground-water samples were collected from 14 wells screened near the water table in the sewered Twelve Pines housing development constructed in Medford, Suffolk County, in 1970. Samples were collected during 1972-79 and analyzed for total ammonium, organic nitrogen, and nitrate. Statistical analyses indicate that concentrations of nitrate-nitrogen in water from 10 of the wells increased significantly during 1972-79; those in water from the other four wells did not. Nitrogen loads were estimated to be 2,300 kg/yr from fertilizers, less than 80 kg/yr from irrigation water, 200 kg/yr from animals, and less than 670 kg/yr from precipitation. Leakage from sewers was considered negligible. Nitrate-nitrogen isotope ratios also suggest that the greatest source of nitrogen is from cultivation sources (either mineralized soil nitrogen or fertilizers) rather than human or animal wastes.

Flipse, W.J., Jr.; Katz, B.G.; Lindner, J.B.; Markel, R.

1984-01-01

401

Prospects and challenges for developing corporate sukuk and bond markets© International Monetary Fund. : Lessons from a Kuwait case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to present a case study on how to develop financial markets in one of the emerging economies of the MENA region – Kuwait. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The analysis proceeds in two steps: first, the need for developing and deepening these markets is established; second, the impediments curtailing market development are identified and discussed. Findings – It

Juan Solé

2008-01-01

402

Thermo-structural development of the ITER ICRF strap housing module  

SciTech Connect

Since March 2010 the preliminary design of the ITER ICRF Antennas have been developed by CYCLE, a consortium consisting of IPP (Garching), CCFE (Culham), CEA (Cadarache), Politecnico di Torino (Torino) and LPPERM/KMS (Brussels). This paper describes the steps taken to develop the present geometry of the triplet pair Strap Housing Module from a thermal and structural perspective, and shows the critical areas of the structure. Key issues are the manufacturability, (achieved by HIPing - Hot Isostatic Pressing), the ability to handle the radiating plasma thermal flux of 0.35 MW/m{sup 2}, the RF losses and the neutronic radiation. HIPing is necessary to achieve the complicated system of cooling channels inside the structure, which divides the coolant equally in order to supply each strap in the triplet with 1 l/s of water. The components have also to withstand the strong mechanical forces generated by plasma disruptions affecting all internal structures and the elevated design cooling water pressure of 5MPa. In order to maximise reliability, joints between different materials in the cooling water system have been kept to a minimum. Therefore, in the interests of fabricability and availability, the whole structure is manufactured out of stainless steel (316L(N)IG). The low conductivity of 316L(N)IG demands small wall thicknesses to avoid hot spots; however this reduces the mechanical strength. Consequently an in depth FEM analysis is presented, which was used to find and to improve the critical aspects of this important component and was the best means of finding the optimum between thermal and mechanical performance.

Winkler, K. [Max-Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Assoziation, Garching (Germany); Shannon, M.; Lockley, D. [EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (United Kingdom)

2014-02-12

403

Global niche markets and local development : clientelism and fairtrade farmer organizations in Paraguay's sugar industry  

E-print Network

Globalization has transformed the markets in which agricultural goods are traded, placing new demands on farmers around the world. In developing countries, smallholder and peasant farmers lack many of the resources needed ...

Setrini, Gustavo

2011-01-01

404

DEVELOPMENT, DESIGN AND CONSUMER TESTING OF MARKETABLE RESIDENTIAL LED LIGHT LUMINAIRES  

EPA Science Inventory

Developing marketable LED luminaires poses challenges, even though LEDs are energy-efficient and an ecological alternative to conventionally lighting. Challenges include: perceptions that the color rendition of LEDs is unacceptable to the public; numbers of LEDs must be grou...

405

The Impact of Mortgage Foreclosures on Existing Home Prices in Housing Boom and Bust Cycles: A Case Study of Phoenix, AZ  

E-print Network

of foreclosures on housing prices. This study was estimated with traditional hedonic and spatial hedonic models specified during two different housing cycles in Phoenix, Arizona, during a strong housing market when prices were up (2005) and a down housing market...

Lee, Sang Hyun

2012-07-16

406

What you know can help you: Developing utility market intelligence systems  

SciTech Connect

Utilities must distinguish themselves and their products to existing and potential customers to compete with neighboring utilities, independent power producers, and other non-utility energy providers. Developing a market intelligence system is a necessary element to successfully identifying and marketing new products, services, and pricing strategies that are attractive to specific customers and markets. Utilities have access to a wealth of information on customers and competitors. This information is buried in existing market and load research studies, load forecasting databases, new service orders, customer account manager files, newspapers and periodicals, regulatory filings, and other public documents. The problem is the data are incomplete, decentralized, and in a format that inhibits the effective use of such information by the appropriate decision makers. A market intelligence system helps organize existing data, provides a systematic approach to identifying and collecting additional data, and facilitates the analysis and timely reporting of information.

Sabo, C.A.

1995-12-31

407

In-house-validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for survey of acrylamide in various processed foods from Korean market.  

PubMed

Acrylamide (AA) is a chemical found in starchy foods that have been cooked at high temperatures. The objective of this study is to monitor the levels of AA in a total of 274 samples of potato chips, chips (except potato chips), biscuits, French fries, breakfast cereals, chocolate products, tea, seasoned laver, and nut products sampled in Korean market. These processed foods include (1) potato chips, (2) chips (except potato chips), (3) biscuits, (4) French fries, (5) breakfast cereals, (6) chocolate products, (7) tea, (8) seasoned laver, and (9) nut products. Samples used for this study were cleaned up using HLB Oasis polymeric and Accucat mixed-mode anion and cation exchange solid-phase extraction cartridge. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) was validated in-house as an efficient analytical method for the routine analysis of AA in various food products. AA was detected with a Fortis dC18 (1.7 ?m, 100 mm × 2.1 mm) column using 0.5% methanol/0.1% acetic acid in water as the mobile phase. Good results were obtained with respect to repeatability (RSDs < 5%). The recoveries obtained for a variety of food matrices ranged between 94.5% and 107.6%. Quantification during routine monitoring was sensitive enough to detect AA at a concentration of 10 ?g/kg. A total of 274 food samples were analyzed for AA. The AA levels in the food groups were in the following order: potato chips > French fries > biscuits > tea > chips (except potato chips) > seasoned laver > breakfast cereals > chocolate products > nut products. AA was detected at levels ranging from not detectable to 1435 ?g/kg. PMID:24804047

Lee, Sanghee; Yoo, Miyoung; Koo, Minseon; Kim, Hyun Jung; Kim, Meehye; Park, Sung-Kug; Shin, Dongbin

2013-09-01

408

In-house–validated liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for survey of acrylamide in various processed foods from Korean market  

PubMed Central

Acrylamide (AA) is a chemical found in starchy foods that have been cooked at high temperatures. The objective of this study is to monitor the levels of AA in a total of 274 samples of potato chips, chips (except potato chips), biscuits, French fries, breakfast cereals, chocolate products, tea, seasoned laver, and nut products sampled in Korean market. These processed foods include (1) potato chips, (2) chips (except potato chips), (3) biscuits, (4) French fries, (5) breakfast cereals, (6) chocolate products, (7) tea, (8) seasoned laver, and (9) nut products. Samples used for this study were cleaned up using HLB Oasis polymeric and Accucat mixed-mode anion and cation exchange solid-phase extraction cartridge. Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) was validated in-house as an efficient analytical method for the routine analysis of AA in various food products. AA was detected with a Fortis dC18 (1.7 ?m, 100 mm × 2.1 mm) column using 0.5% methanol/0.1% acetic acid in water as the mobile phase. Good results were obtained with respect to repeatability (RSDs < 5%). The recoveries obtained for a variety of food matrices ranged between 94.5% and 107.6%. Quantification during routine monitoring was sensitive enough to detect AA at a concentration of 10 ?g/kg. A total of 274 food samples were analyzed for AA. The AA levels in the food groups were in the following order: potato chips > French fries > biscuits > tea > chips (except potato chips) > seasoned laver > breakfast cereals > chocolate products > nut products. AA was detected at levels ranging from not detectable to 1435 ?g/kg. PMID:24804047

Lee, Sanghee; Yoo, Miyoung; Koo, Minseon; Kim, Hyun Jung; Kim, Meehye; Park, Sung-Kug; Shin, Dongbin

2013-01-01

409

45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

2012-10-01

410

45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

2013-10-01

411

45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

2011-10-01

412

24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.  

...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2014-04-01

413

24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2011-04-01

414

24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2013-04-01

415

24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2012-04-01

416

DEVELOPMENT OF VOCALISATIONS IN NESTLING AND FLEDGLING HOUSE WRENS IN NATURAL POPULATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a field study of the ontogeny of vocal signals in the house wren Troglodytes aedon during the nestling and fledgling phases of life. We did spectrographic analyses and quantification of the developmental changes that occurred in the acoustic features of the vocalisations. Evidence of progress to adult-like vocal patterns was of two types. First, nestling calls changed into

MALA H. SAWHNEY; MYRON C. BAKER; BRADLEY R. BISBEE

2006-01-01

417

Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents  

E-print Network

The purpose of this Center for Energy and Mineral Research (CEMR) funded study is to improve the energy use in low-income housing in the State of Texas. This study aims at achieving energy-efficiency by using a combination of measured data...

Haberl, J. S.; Kootin-Sanwu, V.

1999-01-01

418

Peri?urban informal housing development in Victorian England: the contribution of freehold land societies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self?help housing in peri?urban areas (usually outside municipal boundaries) is a feature, not only of rapidly urbanizing countries now in the South, but was also in Victorian England, where it was often initiated by freehold land societies, created by the Chartist movement in order to expand the franchise. These bodies bought and subdivided land for sale to their members, and

Robert Home

2010-01-01

419

Expecting the unexpected: applying the Develop-Distort Dilemma to maximize positive market impacts in health.  

PubMed

Although health interventions start with good intentions to develop services for disadvantaged populations, they often distort the health market, making the delivery or financing of services difficult once the intervention is over: a condition called the 'Develop-Distort Dilemma' (DDD). In this paper, we describe how to examine whether a proposed intervention may develop or distort the health market. Our goal is to produce a tool that facilitates meaningful and systematic dialogue for practitioners and researchers to ensure that well-intentioned health interventions lead to productive health systems while reducing the undesirable distortions of such efforts. We apply the DDD tool to plan for development rather than distortions in health markets, using intervention research being conducted under the Future Health Systems consortium in Bangladesh, China and Uganda. Through a review of research proposals and interviews with principal investigators, we use the DDD tool to systematically understand how a project fits within the broader health market system, and to identify gaps in planning for sustainability. We found that while current stakeholders and funding sources for activities were easily identified, future ones were not. The implication is that the projects could raise community expectations that future services will be available and paid for, despite this actually being uncertain. Each project addressed the 'rules' of the health market system differently. The China research assesses changes in the formal financing rules, whereas Bangladesh and Uganda's projects involve influencing community level providers, where informal rules are more important. In each case, we recognize the importance of building trust between providers, communities and government officials. Each project could both develop and distort local health markets. Anyone intervening in the health market must recognize the main market perturbations, whether positive or negative, and manage them so as to maximize the benefits to the health system and population health. PMID:23014153

Peters, David H; Paina, Ligia; Bennett, Sara

2012-10-01

420

Renewable energy markets inRenewable energy markets in developing countriesdeveloping countries  

E-print Network

Sales and Rentals · Sales : ·Only the rich can afford ·Buying as compliments/spares in emergencies eg power cuts segments of the population ..BUT.. #12;4. 14. 1 Rural Enterprise DevelopmentRural Enterprise Development ·Rural energy enterprises face high- risk, low-profit margins and high transaction costs · Hence

421

Labor Regulations, Unions, and Social Protection in Developing Countries: Market distortions or Efficient Institutions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay reviews what economists have learned about the impact of labor market institutions, defined broadly as government regulations and union activity on labor outcomes in developing countries. It finds that: 1) Labor institutions vary greatly among developing countries but less than they vary among advanced countries. Unions and collective bargaining are less important in developing than in advanced countries

Richard B. Freeman

2009-01-01

422

Energy-efficiency design and inspection guides for affordable housing construction  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on the general methods used in guides developed for the energy efficient design and inspection of new and revitalized housing projects for military family housing. The methods and guides can also benefit the wider market of public and other housing. Inspections performed on military and public housing units were used to identify energy deficiencies. The most common problems found were related to disconnected and deteriorated forced air distribution duct work and poor system design resulting in significant air leakage. Design and inspection guides are summarized for new construction and revitalization projects. 7 refs., 7 figs.

Ternes, M.P.; Livengood, S.E.; Wendt, R.L.

1997-12-01

423

Market definition study of photovoltaic power for remote villages in developing countries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential market of photovoltaic systems in remote village applications in developing countries is assessed. It is indicated that photovoltaic technology is cost-competitive with diesel generators in many remote village applications. The major barriers to development of this market are the limited financial resources on the part of developing countries, and lack of awareness of photovoltaics as a viable option in rural electrification. A comprehensive information, education and demonstration program should be established as soon as possible to convince the potential customer countries and the various financial institutions of the viability of photovoltaics as an electricity option for developing countries.

Ragsdale, C.; Quashie, P.

1980-01-01

424

Business development strategies used by general contracting construction companies in Texas for market diversification  

E-print Network

BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES USED BY GENERAL CONTRACTING CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES IN TEXAS FOR MARKET DIVERSIFICATION A Thesis by SEENU ANNA KURIEN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... IN TEXAS FOR MARKET DIVERSIFICATION A Thesis by SEENU ANNA KURIEN Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Charles...

Kurien, Seenu Anna

2004-09-30

425

Search Theory Rediscovered: Recent Developments in the Macroeconomics of the Labor Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper surveys recent work in the area of labor market search and dynamic macroeconomics. It links new developments to\\u000a the theory’s origin, thereby illustrating and critically examining the progress that has been made in terms of studying macroeconomic\\u000a issues. Labor market search has been used increasingly more often to study the welfare implications of unemployment insurance,\\u000a or the dynamic

Monika Merz

426

75 FR 10210 - Market Development Cooperator Program 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MDCP) awards. ITA creates economic opportunity for U.S. workers...international trade and investment, strengthening industry competitiveness...tourism promotion group; (5) Economic development group; (6...tourism, or other types of economic development; or b....

2010-03-05

427

Developing biotechnology company's future positioning strategy in prefilled syringe market  

E-print Network

The primary goal for the thesis is to develop a recommendation for Amgen's future prefilled syringe strategy related to its drug process development, supplier relationship management plan, supply and sourcing, and procurement. ...

Lee, Joonhaeng, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01

428

Does market exclusivity hinder the development of Follow-on Orphan Medicinal Products in Europe?  

PubMed Central

Background We determined whether the market exclusivity incentive of the European Orphan Drug Regulation results in a market monopoly or that absence of another Orphan Medicinal Product (OMP) for the same rare disorder, a so-called follow-on OMP, is a matter of time or market size. In the interest of rare disorder patients better understanding of the effect of the market exclusivity incentive on follow-on OMP development is warranted. Methods First, the impact of various market-, product- and disease-related characteristics on follow-on OMP development in the EU was determined by comparing rare disorders with an approved OMP and at least one follow-on OMP (N = 26), with rare disorders with an approved OMP and no follow-on OMP (N = 18). Next, we determined whether manufacturers continued development of a follow-on OMP upon approval of the first OMP for the intended rare disorder. Since in the EU significant benefit of an OMP has to be established, we determined for each follow-on OMP for which development was continued on what grounds significant benefit was assumed by the sponsor. Data were collected from the public domain only. Results The likelihood of a rare disorder with an approved OMP to obtain at least one follow-on OMP development was strongly associated with disease prevalence, turnover of the first OMP, disease class, disease-specific scientific output and age of onset. Out of a total of 120 follow-on OMPs only one follow-on OMP could be identified for which development was discontinued upon approval of the first OMP for the same rare disorder. Only a substantial level of discontinuation of follow-on OMP development would have indicated the existence of a market monopoly. Moreover, sponsors that continued development of a follow-on OMP predominantly assumed that their product had an improved efficacy compared to the first approved OMP. Conclusions This study provides evidence that absence of follow-on OMP development is a matter of time or market size, rather than that the market exclusivity incentive of the European Orphan Drug Regulation creates a market monopoly. PMID:21892964

2011-01-01

429

Development of sputter coatings for the gravity probe B gyroscope housings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cu/Ti coatings have been applied by sputter deposition to fused quartz housings to serve as the electrodes and lands of electrostatically supported gyroscopes. Niobium-coated fused quartz gyro rotors have been successfully suspended and spun up in those housings. The Cu/Ti bilayer coating and alternative multilayer coatings (Cu/Mo, Mo/Cu/Ti and Mo/Cu/Mo) with 2-micron thickness produced by sputter deposition on flat, fused quartz substrates have been examined with scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and four-point resistivity measurement techniques. The multilayer coatings with a molybdenum bonding layer appear to produce smoother surfaces than those with a titanium bonding layer. All multilayer coatings survived thermal cycling to 77 K without adhesion failure.

Zhou, P.; Cheung, S.; Lydic, T.; Turneaure, J. P.

1988-01-01

430

[Impact of the crisis on the relationship between housing and health. Policies for good practice to reduce inequalities in health related to housing conditions].  

PubMed

Housing conditions can impact on physical and mental health through 4 interrelated dimensions: 1) the home (the emotional housing conditions), 2) the physical housing conditions, and 3) the physical environment, and 4) the social (community) environment of the neighborhood where the house is located. In Spain, the use of the construction market as an engine for economic growth and the promotion of private property as the main type of housing tenure has led to the use of housing as a speculative good instead of its being considered a first-necessity good. While Spain is the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) country with the largest housing stock per inhabitant, this stock is highly underutilized, thus excluding the most deprived sector of the population from access to housing. The impact of the current economic crisis on housing has mainly been due to a reduction in household income, which has increased the number of families or persons struggling to cover their housing costs or being evicted. Evidence indicates that this type of problem has a negative impact on health, especially on mental health, but financial problems also make it difficult to meet other basic needs such as eating. There are several instruments to reduce the impact of the economic crisis, such as debt financing or deed of assignment in payment. In the long-term, the creation of a social housing stock should be promoted, as well as rental assistance mechanisms. PMID:24863993

Novoa, Ana M; Bosch, Jordi; Díaz, Fernando; Malmusi, Davide; Darnell, Mercè; Trilla, Carme

2014-06-01

431

Skills for the Changing Workplace: A Marketing Educator's Guide. Research and Development Series No. 253.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This three-part instructional guide was developed to assist vocational instructors in marketing education to help their students in the development of broadly applicable, nontechnical (often called quality of work life--QWL) skills. The first section of the guide describes in detail the important QWL skills needed for work and identifies specific…

Warmbrod, Catharine P.; Gordon, Marilyn J.

432

From market entry to new product development in China: Environmental Systems Controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper plans to explore the global environment and its implications for new product developers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case was written after in-depth interviews with company managers. Findings – The paper provides information and action approaches to new product developers engaged in global marketing. Research limitations\\/implications – As with most case studies, the situation, industry response and results

Dennis Pitta

2005-01-01

433

Maastricht treaty: Consequences for national housing policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

European integration will have several effects on national housing policies. The major responsibility for policy formulation and policy implementation in housing will remain with national and local governments. Nevertheless, the Maastricht Treaty will have important implications for housing through several channels: factor mobility, competition policy and liberalisation of markets, economic growth, lower inflation, cuts in government spending, tax harmonisation and

Hugo Priemus; Mark Kleinman; Duncan Maclennan; Bengt Turner

1994-01-01

434

SUPPORTING SOLAR ENERGY DEVELOPMENT THROUGH GREEN POWER MARKETS Blair Swezey  

E-print Network

are still developing, participation in these programs is supporting a significant amount of new solar energy capacity ­ as of the end of 2002, nearly 5 megawatts (MW) of new photovoltaics development had been funded kW* 1997 17.6¢/kWh Austin Energy GreenChoice 153 kW 1997 1.08¢/kWh Salt River Project Earth

435

A labor market based theory of regional economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   The Borts and Stein (1964) theory of regional economic growth and development has been widely accepted and discussed in regional\\u000a economic development literature. Given their assumption that labor demand conditions are invariant between regions and that\\u000a the labor demand is highly wage elastic, they conclude that regional growth is primarily supply driven and differences in\\u000a growth among regions arise

Vijay K. Mathur; Frank M. Song

2000-01-01

436

24 CFR 886.321 - Marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING...creed, religion, sex, or national origin...availability of the unit and refer the family...

2010-04-01

437

24 CFR 884.214 - Marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Section 884.214 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2012-04-01

438

24 CFR 884.214 - Marketing.  

...Section 884.214 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2014-04-01

439

24 CFR 884.214 - Marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Section 884.214 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2013-04-01

440

24 CFR 884.214 - Marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Section 884.214 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2010-04-01

441

24 CFR 884.214 - Marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Section 884.214 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

2011-04-01

442

Developing relationship marketing with customers: a Scandinavian perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

For long-term survival and growth, libraries and information centres need to build, develop and maintain a relationship with their customers. Highlights the shifting paradigms that have affected the traditional concept of libraries and attempts to focus the emerging issues that influence the service-provider and customer relationship. The foremost challenge witnessed by library managers is how to provide easy and quick

Rajesh Singh

2003-01-01

443

Development of methanol technology for future fuel and chemical markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a low pressure methanol production process for use in low tonnage plants, using centrifugal compressors in place of reciprocating machines, and taking advantage of a much more active catalyst is described. Initially the process was only a little less expensive than the high pressure process it replaced, but growing experience in the technology led to considerably reduced

N. J. Macnaughton; A. Pinto; P. L. Rogerson

1984-01-01

444

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION  

E-print Network

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION 2011-2012 Listed below are the students requesting to choose their housing together for a Wittenberg University Student Rental. (Please file only one ­ Student Development. Select housing and sign contracts. #12;

Bogaerts, Steven

445

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION  

E-print Network

WITTENBERG UNIVERSITY STUDENT RENTAL RA HOUSING APPLICATION 2012-2013 Listed below are the students requesting to choose their housing together for a Wittenberg University Student Rental. (Please file only one ­ Student Development. Select housing and sign contracts. #12;

Bogaerts, Steven

446

Cyclic Economic Development and the Labor Market in Bulgaria 1990-2010 (cause-effect relations, realities and challenges)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper studies the relation between the economic cycle and the labor market development in different periods of the economic cycle in the years 1990-2010. The impacts of the cyclic economic development on the forming and developing of the labor market is traced through evaluations of the degree of balancing of the labor demand and supply, employment restructuring, labor force

Iskra Beleva

2011-01-01

447

Housing System Financial Statements  

E-print Network

through comprehension and strategic planning for the future. Operating revenues for the Housing Department had the ability to attend some professional development events. The Department purchased furniture associated with the Housing operations. In prior fiscal years, the University reported the liability for its

Fernandez, Eduardo

448

REGULATION AND THE HIGH COST OF HOUSING Regulation and the High Cost of Housing in California  

E-print Network

the national inflation rate. During the past three years, housing prices in five coastal counties increased development over housing construction, to favor development of expensive housing over moderately priced land-use regulations, growth in the hous- ing stock, and housing prices in California cities. First, we

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

449

Color indices for the assessment of chlorophyll development and greening of fresh market potatoes  

Microsoft Academic Search

When displayed under supplemental lighting, potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers develop chlorophyll, which leads to undesirable greening. Produce managers routinely cull potatoes that have greened; however, the process is subjective and variable, due to the absence of specific grading criteria and a lack of information on the time course and extent of greening under retail\\/fresh market conditions. The objectives of

Laura Grunenfelder; Larry K. Hiller; N. Richard Knowles

2006-01-01

450

Retailing I: A Foundation for Marketing and Distributive Education Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to serve as a foundation for competency-based marketing and distributive education curriculum development, this package consists of task lists, performance objectives, and performance guides for use in planning an introductory level retailing course. Job descriptions are given for receiving clerks, stock clerks, and salespersons/sales…

Smith, Kathryn Scruggs

451

Developing and Teaching an Online MBA Marketing Research Class: Implications for Online Learning Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors intend to describe the experience of developing and teaching an online marketing research class for master of business administration students. The class has been taught for four fall semesters. Each time, the class also completed an online survey, analyzed the resulting data, and wrote a detailed report for a real client. The course…

Sun, Qin; Ganesh, Gopala

2014-01-01

452

Collaborative Evaluation and Market Research Converge: An Innovative Model Agricultural Development Program Evaluation in Southern Sudan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In June and July 2006 a team of outside experts arrived in Yei, Southern Sudan through an AID project to provide support to a local agricultural development project. The team brought evaluation, agricultural marketing and financial management expertise to the in-country partners looking at steps to rebuild the economy of the war ravaged region. A…

O'Sullivan, John M.; O'Sullivan, Rita

2012-01-01

453

Using Innovative Technology to Develop Sustainable Assessment Practices in Marketing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Timely, constructive feedback on assessment is critically important to students and yet is increasingly difficult for time-poor academics to consistently provide. Marketing educators also face pressure to incorporate sustainability into both the curriculum and practices such as assessment. This article outlines the development of an innovative…

Debuse, Justin C. W.; Lawley, Meredith

2011-01-01

454

ICT use in marketing as innovation success factor-Enhancing cooperation in new product development processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to explore the role that Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) plays in the processes of product innovation and marketing – as an element that strengthens the cooperation and communication among agents within the innovation project, reducing the obstacles to innovation and enhancing the development of differentiated products as well. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study of a

Jordi Vilaseca-Requena; Joan Torrent-Sellens; A. I. Jimenez-Zarco

2007-01-01

455

Lessons from Research on Social Marketing for Mobilizing Adults for Positive Youth Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an urgent need to move from a theoretical understanding of youth development to practical strategies and procedures (Benson, 2003). The present chapter introduces readers to one of the social change tools, social marketing, and attempts to move “the developmental needle” (Benson, 2003, p. 214) of the field in the forward direction. Because of their emphasis on customer orientation,

Sameer Deshpande; Michael Basil

456

Crop insurance market development in a transition economy: The case of Kazakhstan  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the current state and future requirements of an agricultural income stabilization mechanism in a transition country – namely, the crop insurance system in Kazakhstan. Three objectives will be pursued: First, factors influencing the development of the crop insurance market will be identified. Second, insurance’s capabilities to efficiently stabilize income under transition circumstances will be evaluated. Finally, recommendations for

Olaf Heidelbach; Raushan Bokusheva

2009-01-01

457

Multinational Firms, International Knowledge Flows, and Dual Labor Markets in Developing Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThis paper seeks to explain how the expansion of multinational firms in a developing economy affects its labor market variables, such as wages in indigenous firms, the average wage level and total employment. Three potential effects: the transfer of foreign knowledge and the associated technological change, diffusion of this knowledge among indigenous firms, and the inflow of the physical capital

2008-01-01

458

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 2): Montgomery Township Housing Development, New Jersey, (first remedial action), September 1987. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Montgomery Township Housing Development (MTHD) is a 72-acre tract of land located in Somerset County, New Jersey. The housing development consists of 71 home sites. The original potable water source for each home was a private well drawing from the underlying aquifer. In 1978, the Borough of Rocky Hill, which is located near the site, sampled ground water from the Borough well and found it to be contaminated with trichloroethylene (TCE). Testing continued through 1983, and repeated evidence of TCE contamination prompted the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) to sample the MTHD well. Results indicated the presence of TCE and other volatile organics in that and other surrounding wells. In 1981, 20 homes in the MTHD were connected to the Elizabethtown Water Company water mains. To date, 38 residences have hooked up. Due to the similarity of contaminants and the proximity of the MTHD and Rocky Hill Municipal Well Superfund sites, a combined RI/FS is being performed. The ROD focuses only on an alternate water supply for MTHD. The primary contaminant of concern is TCE, with secondary contaminants being other volatile organics.

Not Available

1987-09-29

459

Impacts of housing development on nutrients flow along canals in a peri-urban area of Bangkok, Thailand.  

PubMed

Change of nutrients load and flow according to land-use change induced by housing development was investigated in Bang Yai, Nonthaburi, Thailand, which located in the peri-urban area of Bangkok. Each house in the newly developed residential community was regulated to be equipped with a septic tank to collect night soil. However, greywater and leachate from the septic tank was collected by a community sewage system and discharged into the canals with insufficient treatment, while the canals still function as infrastructure for irrigation and transportation. In the study area, built-up area became 1.4 times and agricultural fields decreased by 13% from 2003 until 2007. Total nutrients load to the canals was increased by 25% as nitrogen and 14% as phosphorus according to the increase of built-up area. Net nutrients load from agricultural fields was largely set off when we evaluated nutrients inflow from the canals to the agricultural field through irrigation. Consequently, nutrients load from domestic wastewater accounted most of net nutrients load into the canal. PMID:20182088

Honda, R; Hara, Y; Sekiyama, M; Hiramatsu, A

2010-01-01

460

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2010-04-01

461

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2011-04-01

462

Influence of housing and season on pubertal development, boar taint compounds and skin lesions of male pigs.  

PubMed

Rearing entire pigs may lead to meat quality and welfare problems in relation to pubertal development. A better knowledge of the sources of variation of pubertal development, behaviour and boar taint is needed before generalizing entire male pigs. From 84 days of age, entire male pigs were reared in groups of 10 either in a conventional (C, 1 m²/animal, slatted floor) or an enriched (E, 2.5 m²/animal, straw bedding, outdoor run) housing during spring or autumn and fed ad libitum (n=10/housing/season). Mounting behaviour was observed for 3 h during the third (M3), fourth (M4) and fifth (M5) months of age. The total number of skin lesions was counted on both sides of the pigs 1 day before the behavioural recordings. The time spent in the outdoor run was also recorded during 3 days per month. The animals were slaughtered at 161±1 days of age (122±9 kg live weight). Blood samples were collected at 89 (M3), 119 (M4) and 152 (M5) days of age and at slaughter for the testosterone and oestradiol measurements. The testes were collected at slaughter, freed from the surrounding tissues and weighed. The fat samples were collected for the androstenone and skatole concentration measurement. Plasma testosterone and oestradiol-17? (oestradiol), fat androstenone and skatole and weight of the testes did not differ between the housing systems. Plasma testosterone (8.3 v. 3.9 nmol/l, P<0.05) and oestradiol (12.0 v. 9.2 pmol/l, P<0.1) at M3, fat skatole (0.124 v. 0.043, P<0.03) and weight of the testes (587 v. 512 g, P<0.05) were higher in the autumn than in the spring trial, suggesting that the pubertal development was accelerated. The number of received mounting behaviours was slightly higher in the autumn (P=0.08) trial and was markedly higher in the E than in the C environment (P<0.003). Skin lesions were more numerous in the C than in the E housing at M4 and M5 and in the spring than in the autumn trial at M3 and M4 (P<0.05). Fat androstenone and the number of performed mounting behaviours were significantly correlated between each other and with numerous indicators of the pubertal development (P<0.05). The number of skin lesions was correlated with plasma testosterone and live weight (P<0.05). Overall, this study suggests the effect of season on sexual development, the effect of the housing system on behaviour, and demonstrates the links between sexual hormones, behaviour and boar taint. PMID:24047862

Prunier, A; Brillouët, A; Merlot, E; Meunier-Salaün, M C; Tallet, C

2013-12-01

463

Organizational and market factors associated with leadership development programs in hospitals: a national study.  

PubMed

Effective leadership in hospitals is widely recognized as the key to organizational performance. Clinical, financial, and operational performance is increasingly being linked to the leadership practices of hospital managers. Moreover, effective leadership has been described as a means to achieve competitive advantage. Recent environmental forces, including reimbursement changes and increased competition, have prompted many hospitals to focus on building leadership competencies to successfully address these challenges. Using the resource dependence theory as our conceptual framework, we present results from a national study of hospitals examining the association of organizational and market factors with the provision of leadership development program activities, including the presence of a leadership development program, a diversity plan, a program for succession planning, and career development resources. The data are taken from the American Hospital Association's (AHA) 2008 Survey of Hospitals, the Area Resource File, and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The results of multilevel logistic regressions of each leadership development program activity on organizational and market factors indicate that hospital size, system and network affiliation, and accreditation are significantly and positively associated with all leadership development program activities. The market factors significantly associated with all leadership development activities include a positive odds ratio for metropolitan statistical area location and a negative odds ratio for the percentage of the hospital's service area population that is female and minority. For-profit hospitals are less likely to provide leadership development program activities. Additional findings are presented, and the implications for hospital management are discussed. PMID:22530292

Kim, Tae Hyun; Thompson, Jon M

2012-01-01

464

Development of advanced concepts for DIR-MCFC cogeneration applications in the European Market  

SciTech Connect

Early 1996 a three year (1996 - 1998) joint European project was launched under the name {open_quote}Advanced DIR-MCFC Development{close_quote}, aiming at the development of Direct Internal Reforming (DIR) Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) systems for cogeneration applications for the European market. In this project participate: Brandstofcel Nederland BV (BCN), British Gas pic (BG), Gaz de France (GDF), Netherlands Energy Research foundation (ECN), Stork, Royal Schelde and Sydkraft AB. The European Fuel Cell User Group (EFCUG) supports the project as an advisory board. Whereas the US and Japanese programmes are aimed at large-scale demonstrations of the MCFC technology, this project focusses on the development of concepts and technology, required for MCFC systems that will be competative on the cogeneration market. The project partners provide the essential expertise: from end-user, system engineering, stack development up to fundamental material research.

Kortbeek, P.J.; Ottervanger, R.G. [Dutch Fuel Cell Corp. (BCN), Beverwijk (Netherlands); Dicks, A.L. [British Gas plc, Loughborough, Leicestershire (United Kingdom)

1996-12-31

465

Policy Building Blocks: Helping Policymakers Determine Policy Staging for the Development of Distributed PV Markets: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

There is a growing body of qualitative and a limited body of quantitative literature supporting the common assertion that policy drives development of clean energy resources. Recent work in this area indicates that the impact of policy depends on policy type, length of time in place, and economic and social contexts of implementation. This work aims to inform policymakers about the impact of different policy types and to assist in the staging of those policies to maximize individual policy effectiveness and development of the market. To do so, this paper provides a framework for policy development to support the market for distributed photovoltaic systems. Next steps include mathematical validation of the framework and development of specific policy pathways given state economic and resource contexts.

Doris, E.

2012-04-01

466

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2012-04-01

467

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2013-04-01

468

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2014-04-01

469

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2010-04-01

470

24 CFR 791.403 - Allocation of housing assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT (HOUSING ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS AND PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING PROGRAMS) ALLOCATIONS OF HOUSING ASSISTANCE FUNDS Allocation of Budget...demolition or disposition of public housing, assistance in support of the...

2011-04-01

471

Social Influence and Household Decision-Making: A Behavioural Analysis of Housing Demand  

E-print Network

in adding to the complexity surrounding housing decisions in the real world. In a Minskian world of financial fragility, financing constraints, speculative forces and institutional changes will generate destabilizing and volatile patterns in housing... prospects of assets. In highly liquid markets, speculators need not waste energy developing their private knowledge of the long-term fundamental value of assets if they are aiming to trade assets quickly. To make money out of speculation in fast moving...

Baddeley, Michelle

2011-01-31

472

Learning Marketing Accounting Skills in the Introductory Marketing Course: The Development, Use, and Acceptance of a Self-Study Tutorial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A self-study tutorial designed to teach, through a learning-by-doing application, how important marketing accounting is to the whole firm, and why every business graduate should have a solid understanding of marketing accounting is tested using an exam and satisfaction survey. Performance on the exam and satisfaction with the tutorial depended…

Chen, Yi Ju; Greenberg, Barnett; Dickson, Peter; Goodrich, Jonathan

2012-01-01

473

Using the Process of Disruption to Find New Markets and to Develop New Marketing Programs for Management Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The market for management education has grown rapidly over the past 40 years. However, increasing competition stemming from new entrants such as for-profit universities and from the globalization of management education have changed the dynamics of the market thereby presenting business schools with difficult challenges. The process of disruption…

Somers, Mark John

2009-01-01

474

Labor Market Performance after Structural Adjustment in Developing Countries: The Interesting But not so Unique Case of Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

After three decades of market-oriented reforms along the Washington consensus, full employment has not yet been materialized in developing countries despite significant gains in fiscal and monetary discipline, and price stability. The current study analyzes the sources of structural transformation in the labor markets of developing counties after liberalization and structural adjustment programs using Turkey as a case study. We

Firat Demir; Nilgun Erdem

475

Housing Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1, 103126, 2003 Renters' Housing Behaviour in Transitional Urban  

E-print Network

Housing Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1, 103­126, 2003 Renters' Housing Behaviour in Transitional Urban how renters make their housing decisions in urban China, where market mechanisms are being introduced out in 1996 and a technique of multi-level modelling, the empirical study suggests that while private

Huang, Youqin

476

Collaborative evaluation and market research converge: an innovative model agricultural development program evaluation in Southern Sudan.  

PubMed

In June and July 2006 a team of outside experts arrived in Yei, Southern Sudan through an AID project to provide support to a local agricultural development project. The team brought evaluation, agricultural marketing and financial management expertise to the in-country partners looking at steps to rebuild the economy of the war ravaged region. A partnership of local officials, agricultural development staff, and students worked with the outside team to craft a survey of agricultural traders working between northern Uganda and Southern Sudan the steps approach of a collaborative model. The goal was to create a market directory of use to producers, government officials and others interested in stimulating agricultural trade. The directory of agricultural producers and distributors served as an agricultural development and promotion tool as did the collaborative process itself. PMID:22309968

O'Sullivan, John M; O'Sullivan, Rita

2012-11-01

477

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

478

38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Secretary has determined that housing costs are significantly higher than average housing costs nationwide. The...market, including bid and ask prices on mortgage-backed securities...program to make available housing to Native American...

2010-07-01

479

38 CFR 36.4527 - Direct housing loans to Native American veterans on trust lands.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Secretary has determined that housing costs are significantly higher than average housing costs nationwide. The...market, including bid and ask prices on mortgage-backed securities...program to make available housing to Native American...

2011-07-01

480

77 FR 21580 - Changes in Certain Multifamily Housing and Health Care Facility Mortgage Insurance Premiums for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Certain Multifamily Housing and Health Care Facility Mortgage Insurance Premiums...Administration (FHA) Multifamily Housing, Health Care Facilities, and Hospital Mortgage...market-rate multifamily housing, health care facility, and hospital...

2012-04-10

481

In search of an affordable housing system for Shanghai, China  

E-print Network

In 1998, the Chinese government abandoned the danwei ("work-unit") housing allocation system and fully privatized the housing market. Since then, the residential price has never stopped increasing despite the past financial ...

Sun, Linyun

2011-01-01

482

Policies, Institutions and Market Development to Accelerate Technological Change in the Semiarid Zones of Sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agriculture in the African dry lands is constrained by geographical and economic isolation due to limited market access which\\u000a affect adoption of new technology. International subsidies that flood developing-world markets with cheap food, national policies\\u000a that tax the agricultural sector to benefit urban interests, and neglect of rural infrastructure discourage agricultural intensification.\\u000a Increased market demand for staples and for higher-value

Mark Winslow; Barry Shapiro; John Sanders

483

US/ECRE and renewable energy market development: An institutional perspective  

SciTech Connect

The author presents a summary of the structure and program of the US Export Council for Renewable Energy (US/ECRE). This organization was founded in 1982 as a consortium of US renewable energy trade associations, and is the non-profit/industry counterpart of CORECT. It serves to accelerate the diffusion of sustainable renewable energy services worldwide, and to enhance US industry`s position in this expanded marketplace. The projected energy growth in the next 20 years is expected to favor developing countries. Barriers in the way of renewable energy development include technology awareness, financing and risk reception, policy decisions, and institutional barriers. The industrial team hopes to address this problem through several different programs: strategic alliances; end-user outreach; industry market development; policy/project development; financing and facilitation. The program involves several phases: first, market conditioning; second, regional conferences and exhibitions; third, follow-up and implementation. There are currently four major focus areas for US effort: Latin America and the Caribbean; southern Africa; Asia; Russia and the FSU. The status of programs addressed toward these markets is described in more detail.

Siegel, J.M.

1997-12-01

484

Student Housing and Residential Life: A Handbook for Professionals Committed to Student Development Goals. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on student housing and residential life contains the following articles: (1) "New Challenges and Goals for Residential Life Programs" (Blimling); (2) "Student Development in the Residential Environment" (Winston and Anchors); (3) "Psychosocial Development in College" (White and Porterfield); (4) "Intellectual, Ethical, and Moral…

Winston, Roger B., Jr.; And Others

485

OUT OF THE GOODNESS OF THEIR HEARTS? REGULATORY AND REGIONAL IMPACTS ON BANK INVESTMENT IN HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banks are considered key actors in affordable housing and community development in the United States. Their involvement in such activities may be due partly to their dependence on economic rents generated from development. In the United States, however, banks are encouraged to support such activities by the federal 1977 Community Reinvestment Act (CRA). I examine how dif- ferent factors explain

DAN IMMERGLUCK

486

AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY  

EPA Science Inventory

The American Housing Survey (AHS) collects data on the Nation's housing, including apartments, single-family homes, mobile homes, vacant housing units, household characteristics, income, housing and neighborhood quality, housing costs, equipment and fuels, size of housing unit, a...

487

Effects of agriculture, housing development, and industry on water quality in a small drainage basin, Bushkill Creek, Pennsylvania  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in 1989, three successive studies have focused on the effects of various land use activities on water quality in the Bushkill Creek. Bushkill Creek is located in Northampton County, Pennsylvania and is a tributary to the Delaware River. Bushkill Creek has a drainage area of 206 km[sup 2]. The watershed is underlain by slate and shale units of the Martinsburg Formation and Ordovician carbonate rocks including the Jacksonburg Formation, the Beeckmantown Group, and the Allentown Formations. The authors have been collecting water quality data in the Bushkill Creek drainage basin over a three-year period (1989--1992) in order to determine the general quality of the water and to assess the impact of various land use and industrial activities on water quality. The authors' initial investigation focused on the impact of several potential point sources of contamination in the lower, more heavily industrialized, portion of the Bushkill Creek. Water samples were analyzed for ammonia, chromium (at one site only), nitrate, nitrite, orthophosphate, sulfate, and gasoline (at one site only). The results of that research indicated that background concentrations of nitrates and sulfates were quite high. Therefore, subsequent investigations have focused on the potential impact of agricultural activity and housing development in the upper portion of the Bushkill drainage basin. In particular: (1) petroleum contamination was occurring as a point source in the lower Bushkill drainage, (2) nitrate concentrations in the creek have increased during the past twenty years, most likely as the result of agricultural activity and housing development, (3) sulfate loading into the Bushkill Creek occurs from the Little Bushkill Creek, and (4) the high sulfate concentration in the Little Bushkill Creek originates in the vicinity of a slate quarry.

Germanoski, D. (Lafayette College, Easton, PA (United States). Geology Dept.); Braunwell, P. (Virginia Polytechnic Inst., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Environmental Science and Engineering); Coykendall, J.P. (TRC Environmental, Windsor, CT (United States)); Kelsey, J. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Environmental Chemistry)

1993-03-01

488

Effectiveness of State-Level Policies on Solar Market Development in Different State Contexts  

SciTech Connect

In response to public interest in customer-sited distributed solar photovoltaics (PV), state and local policymakers have implemented policy initiatives with the goal of encouraging private investment and building a robust PV market. Policymakers face challenges, including limited budgets and incomplete information about the effectiveness of the various policy options in their specific situation, in crafting and executing policy that supports market development goals. Recent work investigated the effect of the order in which policies are implemented (referred to as 'policy stacking') and the presence of low-cost enabling policies, such as interconnection standards and net metering, can have on the success of states in promoting PV markets. Findings indicate that implementation of interconnection standards and policy related to the valuation of excess electricity (e.g., net metering), along with indicators of long term government support for a solar PV market (e.g., RPS) and a non-policy determinant (population), explain about 70% of the variation among states in new PV capacity. This paper builds on that research to determine the most effective policy strategies for different types of states, as determined by their physical, demographic and macroeconomic context. A number of researchers have investigated the effectiveness of state-level policy using various statistical methods to determine relationships between installed solar PV projects and policy initiatives. In this study, the grouping of states by non-policy factors adds dimension to these analyses by identifying how policies function in different non-policy environments.

Steward, D.; Doris, E.; Krasko, V.; Hillman, D.

2014-02-01

489

Perspective: integrated market-immersion approach to teaching new product development in technologically-oriented teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a market immersion methodology for teaching NPD in technologically-oriented teams. This methodology was developed during the early 1990s at the Lally School of Management and Technology of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. Since then, it has been successfully utilized to train in excess of one hundred MBA-level student teams. The NPD course is taught by a 5-member cross-functional team

Katherine J. Silvester; Jeffrey F. Durgee; Christopher M. McDermott; Robert W. Veryzer

2002-01-01

490

Research and Development for Botanical Products in Medicinals and Food Supplements Market  

PubMed Central

Botanical products sold in the health area are generally intended as drugs, medicinal products, food supplements or substances for therapeutic use. Use of botanicals for improving or to care human health has evolved independently in different countries worldwide. Regulatory issues regarding botanical products designed for the food supplements or medicinal market and their influence on research and development are discussed. European Union (EU) and United States (US) policies regulating these products are focused with comments on the legislations delivered during the last ten years and differences existing in rules between these countries are emphasized. Research and development on botanical products nowdays strongly influenced by the product destination in the market. Addressed and differentiated research for either food supplements or medicinal markets is necessary to purchase data really useful for assessment of safe and effective use for both the categories. The main objective is to catalyze interest of academic and companies' researchers on crucial aspects to be taken into account in the research for the development of botanical products. PMID:23606886

Miroddi, Marco; Mannucci, Carmen; Navarra, Michele

2013-01-01

491

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

492

Solar House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students work in teams to design and build a model of a solar house after researching several websites. Students will discover that a solar house takes advantage of solar energy to minimize the use of traditional energy sources and can include design elements that take advantage of the sun's rays to light and heat the house, to heat water, and to set up a favorable flow of air. They also learn that many solar houses contain a solar mass that will absorb the heat during the day and release it slowly at night and a passive solar house will also take into account the angle of the sun's rays, to maximize heating during the winter and shade during the summer. This site contains all of the specifications for planning, building, and testing the model and a rubric for grading the project.

Wendy Van Norden

493

Development of an ASHRAE 152-2004 Duct Model for the Single-Family Residential House  

E-print Network

This paper presents the results of the development of the duct model based on ASHRAE standard 152-2004 (ASHRAE, 2004) using the DOE-2.1e building energy simulation program. To accomplish this, FUNCTION commands for DOE-2 were used to develop...

Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

494

"Into the Melting Pot": The Development of a European Dimension in a 4-Year Programme in Languages and International Marketing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the need for improved international trade in Ireland, an undergraduate program of applied languages and international marketing was developed at the National Institute for Higher Education, a unique Irish technological university in Dublin. In the first year, students study French and German and four business subjects (marketing,…

Davis, R. Leslie

495

ARAACtional exuberance : lessons and prospects for age-restricted active adult housing development in Massachusetts  

E-print Network

In the last fifteen years, Massachusetts and neighboring states have experienced explosive growth in a hitherto alien form of residential development to the region: the age-restricted active adult retirement community ...

Dawson, Sloan William

2010-01-01

496

Simulating a thermal water quality trading market for education and model development.  

PubMed

Thermal water quality trading is an emerging policy tool that allows thermal polluters to comply with effluent restrictions by paying landowners to plant shade trees. A simulation game was created to help participants understand the structure, dynamics, benefits, and drawbacks of thermal water quality trading markets. Simulation participants negotiate to make trades, and their decisions are entered into a system dynamics model that simulates tree growth and water temperature. A debriefing session allows the participants to discuss outcomes and strategies. The exercise has been performed twice and has proven to be a useful teaching tool. These simulations provided valuable insight into decision-making strategies in thermal water quality trading markets, suggesting decision rules that the researchers used for subsequent model development. PMID:20675038

Bier, Asmeret

2010-12-01

497

PV Installation Labor Market Analysis and PV JEDI Tool Developments (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The potential economic benefits of the growing renewable energy sector have led to increased federal, state, and local investments in solar industries, including federal grants for expanded workforce training for U.S. solar installers. However, there remain gaps in the data required to understand the size and composition of the workforce needed to meet the demand for solar power. Through primary research on the U.S. solar installation employer base, this report seeks to address that gap, improving policymakers and other solar stakeholders understanding of both the evolving needs of these employers and the economic opportunity associated with solar market development. Included are labor market data covering current U.S. employment, expected industry growth, and employer skill preferences for solar installation-related occupations. This study offers an in-depth look at the solar installation sectors. A study published by the Solar Foundation in October 2011 provides a census of labor data across the entire solar value chain.

Friedman, B.

2012-06-01

498

Markets for compost  

SciTech Connect

Table of Contents: Introduction; Characteristics and Benefits of Compost and Competing/Complementary Products; Compost Uses and Markets; Factors Pertinent to Developing Compost Markets; Compost Specifications; Compost Testing Requirements; Compost Distribution; Compost Policies; Economic and Noneconomic Barriers to Developing Compost Markets; Strategies to Mitigate/Overcome Barriers to Developing Compost Markets; and Examples of Existing Programs and Markets (as of 1989).

Not Available

1993-11-01

499

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

500

Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.