Sample records for housing market development

  1. US Housing Market Conditions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The US Department of Housing and Urban Development has made available the full text of this periodical publication. US Housing Market Conditions is a quarterly publication that contains national and regional housing information, as well as historical data tables. Issues from the 1st two quarters of 1997 are available in HTML format, while previous issues are available in text and .pdf formats. Older tables are available in .pdf format only.

  2. Spatial analysis on future housing markets: economic development and housing implications.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xin; Wang, Lizhe

    2014-01-01

    A coupled projection method combining formal modelling and other statistical techniques was developed to delineate the relationship between economic and social drivers for net new housing allocations. Using the example of employment growth in Tyne and Wear, UK, until 2016, the empirical analysis yields housing projections at the macro- and microspatial levels (e.g., region to subregion to elected ward levels). The results have important implications for the strategic planning of locations for housing and employment, demonstrating both intuitively and quantitatively how local economic developments affect housing demand. PMID:24892097

  3. A Functional Housing Market

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    High school teacher Susan Boone asks students to complete mathematical problems on housing prices using the Internet at the Functional Housing Market lesson site. Detailed instructions are provided, and a collection of real estate links from Houston, TX and beyond gives students a sense of real estate information on the Web.

  4. Housing markets : Mexico

    E-print Network

    Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

    2009-01-01

    What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

  5. 75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

  6. Sustainable construction in Mexican housing markets

    E-print Network

    Jung, Bomee

    2007-01-01

    This thesis examines recent developments in Mexico's housing markets as an example of how sustainable construction is being adapted and applied in developing countries. The recognition that the construction, operation, and ...

  7. Charlie's House Marketing Communications Plan

    E-print Network

    Patch, Aaron; Shoptaw, Carrie; Kopp, Melissa

    2012-05-08

    A Strategic Marketing Communications Plan for Charlie’s House Prepared and presented by: Melissa Kopp, Carrie Shoptaw and Aaron Patch School of Journalism and Mass Communications; Marketing Communications Capstone The University... 3 Team Credential Melissa Kopp is an advertising account executive for MMGY Global, a local agency specializing in travel marketing. Melissa earned a joint bachelor’s degree in International Studies and French from the University...

  8. Urban land-use regulations and housing markets in developing countries: Evidence from Indonesia on the importance of enforcement

    E-print Network

    Monkkonen, P

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia has grown proportionally with the urban population,and respon- sive to population growth. Indonesia has a lowerand population at the level of individual housing markets is straightforward in Indonesia;

  9. Real Estate Brokers and the Market for Residential Housing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Donald Jud

    1983-01-01

    This study explores the role of the real estate broker in the housing market. A model of the demand for broker services by both sellers and buyers is developed and conditional logit estimates are presented. Evidence relating to the effects of the brokerage industry on housing market transactions also is presented. Brokers do not seem to affect the prices of

  10. Equilibrium of Housing and Real Estate Brokerage Markets Under Uncertainty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chunchi Wu; Peter F. Colwell

    1986-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to develop a model of the real estate brokerage and housing markets with imperfect information. The paper considers general equilibrium in these markets with and without a multiple listing service. Input prices are found to affect the equilibrium housing price, brokerage commission, and split factor. The introduction of a multiple listing service is found

  11. Housing vacancies, thin markets, and idiosyncratic tastes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Arnott

    1989-01-01

    This paper presents a model with rental housing vacancies in equilibrium. Because of the indivisibility and multi-dimensional\\u000a heterogeneity of housing units, the housing market is thin. As a result, a typical household entering the market is willing\\u000a to pay a premium for its most-preferred over its second most-preferred available (vacant) unit. This confers monopoly power\\u000a on landlords, which they exploit

  12. 24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 2011-04-01 false Housing market analysis. 91.310 Section 91.310 Housing...Consolidated Plan § 91.310 Housing market analysis. (a) General characteristics. Based on data available to the State, the plan...

  13. Impact of railway station on Dutch residential housing market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ghebreegziabiher Debrezion; Eric Pels; Piet Rietveld

    2005-01-01

    In an efficient market, the levels of house prices reflect the values of value of physical, accessibility and environmental features corresponding to the house. The Dutch residential house market though could not be claimed to work under a perfectly efficient market; the prices can be diagnosed to reflect the value of these features. This paper focuses on the value of

  14. North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash

    E-print Network

    North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash 19 Columbia, Canada. Currently about 80% of pellet production from North America is exported to Europe. Recent

  15. The Amsterdam Metropolitan Housing Market: How a Prosperous Metropolitan Area Co-exists with a Central City Dominated by Social Rental Housing for the Poor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arno J. van der Vlist; Piet Rietveld

    2002-01-01

    In this Chapter we describe the development of Amsterdam Metropolitan Housing Market over the years. We start-off with a discussion of the historical development of Amsterdam and its suburban areas. There we address how main contextual factors like wars, financial crises and prosperity have shaped the housing market. Having briefly described the historical development, we then turn to the development

  16. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Periodicals

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2006-01-01

    The U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) publishes periodicals aimed towards urban development professionals, policy makers, and scholars. This website brings all of these periodicals together in one place, and visitors can look through current and past issues of "Cityscape", and the quarterly report, "U.S. Housing Market Conditions". For those interested in a more general-interest publication, "Cityscape" is a good bet, as it contains pieces on housing vouchers, ethnically diverse urban neighborhoods, and the legacy of the Fair Housing Act. Finally, the "U.S. Housing Market Conditions" reports consist of statistical data and written reports on the quarterly status of economic and housing market trends for 10 geographical regions.

  17. 78 FR 25295 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-30

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5648-N-04] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program Fiscal Year 2013; Revised AGENCY: Office of...

  18. Housing-stock characteristics for solar-market analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Kirschner; D. Brunton; K. LaValle; F. Roach

    1982-01-01

    Analysis of the market potential for passive solar designs requires a detailed housing data base. Information on projected housing starts and heating fuel use is necessary for proper analysis of potential adoption of new home designs. A housing stock data base that includes age, dwelling type, and fuel use characteristics for an appropriate geographical base is needed for analysis of

  19. Development of China's Real Estate Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hung-Gay Fung; Jau-Lian Jeng; Qingfeng \\ Liu

    2010-01-01

    Over the past two decades, real estate has evolved from government-controlled to a commercial product, emerging and developing into an important component of China's financial markets. Although the overall gross domestic product (GDP) and income levels have been growing rapidly, the even-faster rising housing costs have exacerbated the problem of housing affordability. Real estate development has become a key factor

  20. Michigan State Housing Development Authority

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2013-01-01

    Most states have a housing development authority; Michigan�s SHDA is well known for its work in encouraging downtown redevelopment projects and a range of creative solutions to providing long-term housing solutions for the state's residents. On the homepage, visitors can look over the Spotlight area to learn about the long-term projects that the SHDA is working on. On the left hand side of the page, visitors can look over fifteen different thematic areas, including Historic Preservation, Homeownership, and Property Managers. Contractors and other groups may want to pay close attention to the RFP's and Grants area, which includes information about applying for statewide housing grants and information on key statewide programs, such as the Housing and Community Development Fund. Visitors can also set up email alerts to learn when new material is added to the site.

  1. 24 CFR 888.115 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of...HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Fair Market Rents § 888.115 Fair market...

  2. 24 CFR 888.115 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of...HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Fair Market Rents § 888.115 Fair market...

  3. 24 CFR 888.115 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of publication.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of...HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Fair Market Rents § 888.115 Fair market...

  4. Developing a Marketing Plan

    E-print Network

    Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

    2009-03-02

    Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

  5. Dynamic Equilibrium of the Housing Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raymond Y. C. Tse; James R. Webb

    1999-01-01

    Summary. This paper, derived within a general equilibrium framework, demonstrates that housing price can be explicitly expressed as a combination of an exponential and linear function of housing rental. This model provides an explanation as to why housing appreciation may not match ination in the long-run steady state. We show that only under a very particular set of conditions, will

  6. The Duration of Marketing Time of Residential Housing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald Haurin

    1988-01-01

    The marketing of unique durable goods such as housing presents a good example for the application of search theory. An optimal stopping rule strategy is employed to model sellers' behavior. The primary hypothesis is that the greater the atypicality of a house, the greater the expected variance of offers. Because a maximizing seller will wish to entertain more offers the

  7. Measuring housing quality in the absence of a monetized real estate market.

    PubMed

    Rindfuss, Ronald R; Piotrowski, Martin; Thongthai, Varachai; Prasartkul, Pramote

    2007-03-01

    Measuring housing quality or value or both has been a weak component of demographic and development research in less developed countries that lack an active real estate (housing) market. We describe a new method based on a standardized subjective rating process. It is designed to be used in settings that do not have an active, monetized housing market. The method is applied in an ongoing longitudinal study in north-east Thailand and could be straightforwardly used in many other settings. We develop a conceptual model of the process whereby households come to reside in high-quality or low-quality housing units. We use this theoretical model in conjunction with longitudinal data to show that the new method of measuring housing quality behaves as theoretically expected, thus providing evidence of face validity. PMID:17365872

  8. Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market.

    PubMed

    Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H Eugene

    2014-01-01

    Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975-2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles. PMID:24413626

  9. Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H. Eugene

    2014-01-01

    Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975-2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles.

  10. Crippled Housing Market Complicates Recruiting Efforts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moser, Kate

    2008-01-01

    With a house languishing in the real-estate doldrums of southwestern Ohio, Edward F. Leonard III and his family have lived apart since he took over as president of Bethany College, in Kansas, nearly a year ago. Their situation is like that of many faculty members and administrators frustrated by housing prices across the country. Existing-home…

  11. 78 FR 19727 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-02

    ...Comment Request Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan AGENCY: Office of the...new projects describe their intent (marketing efforts) to assure that they meet the...of Proposal: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan. Title of...

  12. Hepatitis in a Housing Development

    PubMed Central

    Gordon, P. C.; Reid, B. L.; Embil, J.

    1964-01-01

    To detect the extent of subclinical infection during an outbreak of infectious hepatitis in a low-cost, high-density housing development, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) levels were measured in 390 of the 1650 residents. Elevated SGOT values were found in 17.4% of those tested. Abnormal levels were more common in young children, occurring in 24.7% of those under 5 years of age and in 24.1% of those from 5 to 9 years of age. It was concluded that subclinical infection was widespread in the development, children under 10 years of age forming the principal reservoir. The concentration of many small children with poor personal hygiene favoured the spread of the infection. More extensive play areas and other facilities appropriate for large families, improved hygiene, dispersal of high-density housing units, and widespread use of gamma globulin in the event of an out-break are suggested as control measures. PMID:14158955

  13. Financial innovation and European housing and mortgage markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Miles; Vladimir Pillonca

    2008-01-01

    In this paper we assess the recent history of house prices and of mortgage lending across Europe. We develop a simple economic framework to estimate the likely contributions of fundamental factors, such as changes in real incomes and population growth, to house price appreciation. We also try to quantify how much of price rises might have been driven by rising

  14. An empirical study of the effects of land supply and lease conditions on the housing market : A case of Hong Kong

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eddie Chi-man Hui

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this research is to investigate the effects of land supply (LS) and lease conditions on the housing market. It tests whether there exists a relationship: between LS and housing price, between development conditions in government land leases and housing supply, and to what extent these development conditions affect Hong Kong's supply, of private residential flats. This paper

  15. The impact of social housing on the labour market status of the disabled.

    PubMed

    Gregoir, Stéphane; Maury, Tristan-Pierre

    2013-09-01

    Disability may impact on employment through entitlement to social housing. Estimates of an original dynamic panel data model of disability, labour market and housing tenure transitions in England indicate that up to one-quarter of the lower employment probability of the disabled can be attributed to the effect of qualifying for social housing. Short-lived disabilities can result in long spells in social housing that reduce incentives to participate in the labour market. This suggests that authorities should reform the welfare system and the allocation of social housing to limit the persistent and unfavourable consequences of allocating social housing to the disabled. PMID:23813726

  16. Housing tenure and labor market impacts: The search goes on

    E-print Network

    Coulson, N. Edward

    We develop two search-theoretic models emphasizing firm entry to examine the Oswald hypothesis, the idea that homeownership is linked to inferior labor market outcomes, and compare their predictions to three extant theories. ...

  17. Analysis of The Housing Market in the Metropolitan Areas in the United States 

    E-print Network

    Li, Yarui

    2013-12-04

    The housing market plays a significant role in shaping the economic and social well-being of U.S. households. It helps spur U.S. economic growth when house prices rise, and drags the economic growth when house prices drop. ...

  18. Marketing Instructional Development Internally, Externally.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lied, James

    This description of the marketing process as a practical way to manage the function of instruction development emphasizes the importance of the identification and evaluation of customer needs before developing objectives. To assist the instructional development agency in focusing on this aspect of planning, a check list of possible marketing

  19. House Energy and Water Development FY 2007 Appropriations Passed by House Appropriations Committee May 17, 2006, Status: sent to House

    E-print Network

    House Energy and Water Development FY 2007 Appropriations Passed by House Appropriations Committee May 17, 2006, Status: sent to House Fusion Energy Sciences ­ Office of Science The Committee recommendation for fusion energy sciences is $318,950,000, the same as the budget request. The Committee

  20. Housing Choice Behavior of Urban Workers in China's Transition to a Housing Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yuming Fu; David K. Tse; Nan Zhou

    2000-01-01

    Restoring demand for commodity housing is crucial for the success of housing reform in previously centrally planned economies; yet weaning workers away from publicly subsidized housing is a difficult task. Taking advantage of a unique survey, we show that the intention to buy commodity housing by Chinese urban workers is sensitive to various incentives, including housing mismatch, liquidity constraints, risk

  1. FRESH MARKET CUTIVAR DEVELOPMENT

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Fresh market peach and nectarine breeding is discussed from a historical perspective, starting with selection of superior seedlings by farmers. Most of the important breeding programs worldwide are discussed. In general, peaches and nectarines for fresh-market consumption must suit the intended ma...

  2. Cohort Succession in the US Housing Market: New Houses, the Baby Boom, and Income Stratification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel E. Dwyer

    2008-01-01

    Federal housing policy in the US across the postwar period supported the construction of new houses more than public provision\\u000a or renovation of older structures as a means of ensuring a sufficient supply of quality dwellings. Understanding trends in\\u000a new housing in particular is thus crucial to understanding the housing regime. Following Myers (Housing demography: Linking demographic structure and housing

  3. Housing Prices and Maturing Real Estate Markets: Evidence from Uganda

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John R. Knight; William E. Herrin; Arsene M. Balihuta

    2004-01-01

    Uganda, a less developed but rapidly growing East African nation, continues to correct the economic mismanagement of past governments. One important legacy of this mismanagement is the Land Decree of 1975, issued by then President Idi Amin Dada. This decree nationalized all land and made illegal all private real estate market transactions. This paper uses a rich, but little known,

  4. Design codes, opportunity space, and the marketability of new housing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Adams; Robert Croudace; Steve Tiesdell

    2011-01-01

    This paper is about state – market relations in speculative housebuilding, with specific reference to the means by which higher quality design can be achieved in new residential developments. Applying the concept of opportunity space, we investigate the extent to which form-based\\/design codes change developers’ opportunity space both in absolute terms and vis-ŕ-vis the opportunity space of designers. We interrogate this using

  5. Factors for Bioenergy Market Development

    SciTech Connect

    Roos, A.; Hektor, B.; Graham, R.L.; Rakos, C.

    1998-10-04

    Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the potentials for bioenergy market growth to be used by decision makers in administration and industry. The conclusions are based on case studies of operating bioenergy markets in Austria, US and Sweden. Six important factors for bioenergy market growth have been identified: (1) Integration with other business, e.g. for biomass procurement, (2) Scale effects of bioenergy market, (3) Competition on bioenergy market, (4) Competition with other business, (5) National policy, (6) Local policy and local opinion. Different applications of the framework are discussed.

  6. 24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (a) General characteristics. Based on data available to the State, the...returning from mental and physical health institutions receive appropriate supportive housing. (d) Barriers to affordable housing. The...

  7. 24 CFR 888.111 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...bedrooms), that must be paid in the market area to rent privately owned, existing, decent, safe and sanitary rental housing of modest (non-luxury) nature with suitable amenities. [64 FR 56911, Oct. 21,...

  8. 24 CFR 888.111 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...bedrooms), that must be paid in the market area to rent privately owned, existing, decent, safe and sanitary rental housing of modest (non-luxury) nature with suitable amenities. [64 FR 56911, Oct. 21,...

  9. 24 CFR 888.111 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...bedrooms), that must be paid in the market area to rent privately owned, existing, decent, safe and sanitary rental housing of modest (non-luxury) nature with suitable amenities. [64 FR 56911, Oct. 21,...

  10. 24 CFR 888.111 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...bedrooms), that must be paid in the market area to rent privately owned, existing, decent, safe and sanitary rental housing of modest (non-luxury) nature with suitable amenities. [64 FR 56911, Oct. 21,...

  11. 24 CFR 888.111 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...bedrooms), that must be paid in the market area to rent privately owned, existing, decent, safe and sanitary rental housing of modest (non-luxury) nature with suitable amenities. [64 FR 56911, Oct. 21,...

  12. The Role of the List Price in Housing Markets: Theory and an Econometric Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joel L. Horowitz

    1992-01-01

    Houses are routinely sold at prices below, but rarely sold at prices above, their list price. List prices appear to be price ceilings that preclude the possibility of sales at higher prices. This paper presents a theory of sellers' behavior that explains why there are list prices in housing markets and why list prices are distinct from sellers' reservation prices.

  13. Assessment of Market Development Needs of

    E-print Network

    Assessment of Market Development Needs of Aboriginal Forest Products Companies March 2011.......................................................................................................................3 3.0 Market Development Services Within the Forest Sector ........................................................................6 4.2 First Nations as Log Marketers

  14. Designing sustainability for whom? Recent housing developments in Southwest Montréal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claire Poitras

    2009-01-01

    This paper sets out to show how urban sustainability issues have been addressed by social, political, and economic actors involved in housing production in Montréal. Specifically, it looks at how the environmental question has been incorporated into the practice and discourse of recent housing schemes. Principles of sustainable development such as adaptive reuse of industrial buildings and infill housing that

  15. The Impact of Buy to Let Residential Investment on Local Housing Markets: Evidence from Glasgow, Scotland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth Gibb; Christian Nygaard

    2005-01-01

    The advent of the ‘buy to let’ (BTL) phenomenon in the UK, apart from producing a new wave of individualized rental market investment, has been widely judged to be a speculative and destabilizing force in the housing market. This paper provides a detailed empirical investigation of new residential investment in one city (Glasgow) where BTL has made a relatively large

  16. Economic returns to energy-efficient investments in the housing market: Evidence from Singapore

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yongheng Deng; Zhiliang Li; John M. Quigley

    2012-01-01

    Since January of 2005, 250 building projects in the City of Singapore have been awarded the Green Mark for energy efficiency and sustainability. This paper analyzes the private returns to these investments, evaluating the premium in asset values they command in the market. We analyze almost 37,000 transactions in the Singapore housing market to estimate the economic impact of the

  17. Zoning and urban development control. A strategic analysis of land and real estate markets regulation

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Zoning and urban development control. A strategic analysis of land and real estate markets involved on real estate and land markets contribute to create new flexible ways to use and apply the rules that this approach of housing markets enable us to better understand why and how local public authorities in France

  18. Holistic revitalization in small post-industrial cities : tools for urban housing development

    E-print Network

    Beam, Jeffrey (Jeffrey J.)

    2009-01-01

    For generations, housing programs have sought to utilize redevelopment projects to accomplish broader community revitalization goals. Contemporary affordable housing practice embodies this idea in large housing development ...

  19. Equity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter?

    E-print Network

    Equity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter? Andriansyaha,b,*and George development and economic growth, the impact of market- based measures on growth has assumed importance Messinisa aCentre for Strategic Economic Studies, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia b

  20. Local housing-market effects on tenure choice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seong Woo Lee; Dowell Myers

    2003-01-01

    The main objective of thepresent study is to find out which marketfactors affect homeownership attainment aftercontrolling for individual human capital. The1980 and 1990 individual Census data (PUMS) inthe U.S. are used to investigate the contextualinfluences on choosing two types of housing:single- and multi-family housing. Trichotomoustenure choice models are applied to fourrepresentative age groups. The study takesadvantage of the multi-level design,

  1. New housing in old Chinatown : barriers and incentives to affordable housing development

    E-print Network

    Tan, Bryant

    2008-01-01

    In the 1970s and 80s, the rapid development of San Francisco's Financial District encroached upon Chinatown's intimately-scaled neighborhood. Developers took whole city blocks that housed low-income immigrants to build the ...

  2. Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market

    E-print Network

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    to explain clustering of stocks or indices into groups with specific traits. The correlation matrices market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified

  3. Sustainability Assessment of Housing Developments : A New Methodology

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Sustainability Assessment of Housing Developments : A New Methodology L'évaluation de la this problem by presenting a new methodology to assess the sustainability of housing development systems. The methodology uses indicators with a common "Sustainability Scale" which is derived from percentiles

  4. OF SLUMS AND GATED COMMUNITIES: FAILURES OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL LAND MARKETS IN DEVELOPING CITIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erhard Berner

    Summary: In most large cities in the developing world, the formal market for land and housing serves only a minority of the population. It is estimated that between 30 and 70% live in 'irregular' settlements and that up to 85% of the new housing stock is produced in an extra- legal manner, with severe social and environmental consequences. The paper

  5. Developing a Comprehensive Housing Strategy: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsters, Tim; Bliss, Kelly

    2007-01-01

    In the current highly competitive higher education market in North America, many colleges have identified the importance of upgrading their existing residential housing facilities as part of their strategy to attract and retain students. The case study discussed in this article describes the successful planning process used by Perkins+Will and…

  6. 24 CFR Appendix to Subpart M of... - Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...Housing Marketing Regulations Pt. 200, Subpt. M, App. Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200—Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia...

  7. 24 CFR Appendix to Subpart M of... - Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...Housing Marketing Regulations Pt. 200, Subpt. M, App. Appendix to Subpart M of Part 200—Equal Housing Opportunity Insignia...

  8. Space market model development project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bishop, Peter C.

    1987-01-01

    The objectives of the research program, Space Market Model Development Project, (Phase 1) were: (1) to study the need for business information in the commercial development of space; and (2) to propose a design for an information system to meet the identified needs. Three simultaneous research strategies were used in proceeding toward this goal: (1) to describe the space business information which currently exists; (2) to survey government and business representatives on the information they would like to have; and (3) to investigate the feasibility of generating new economical information about the space industry.

  9. State strategy for recycling market development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Millberg

    1991-01-01

    The ultimate importance of developing recycling markets is to accomplish these five objectives: Assist local governments and state offices in achieving the recycling goals in the SCORE (Select Committee on Recycling and the Environment) legislation through the development of recycling markets, while focusing on longer-term market development for additional materials in the waste stream that currently are not recovered, or

  10. Recent House Price Developments: The Role of Fundamentals

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nathalie Girouard; Mike Kennedy; Paul van den Noord; Christophe André

    2006-01-01

    In the vast majority of OECD economies, house prices in real terms have been moving up strongly since the mid-1990s. Because of the important role housing wealth has been playing during the current upswing, this paper will look more closely at what is underlying these developments for 18 OECD countries over the period from 1970 to the present, with a

  11. Foreign Ownership of Stocks and Long-run Interdependence Between National Housing and Stock Markets—Evidence from Finnish Data

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elias Oikarinen

    2010-01-01

    Globalization of the financial markets may have undermined co-movement between stock and housing markets, at least in small\\u000a open economies. This paper provides an empirical study on the long-term dynamic interrelation between stock and housing markets\\u000a in a small open economy with special attention to the effect of foreign investors on the dynamics. The empirical findings,\\u000a based on a quarterly

  12. 75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-02

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning...should read ``Department of Housing and Urban Development''. [FR Doc. C1...

  13. 24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...false Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.301 Project-specific assistance to community housing development...

  14. 24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...false Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.301 Project-specific assistance to community housing development...

  15. 24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...false Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.301 Project-specific assistance to community housing development...

  16. 24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2012-04-01 false Set-aside for community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.300 Set-aside for community housing development...

  17. 24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Set-aside for community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.300 Set-aside for community housing development...

  18. 24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2013-04-01 false Set-aside for community housing development organizations...HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Community Housing Development Organizations § 92.300 Set-aside for community housing development...

  19. Indirect Learning: How Emerging- Market Firms Grow in Developed Markets

    E-print Network

    Banerjee, Sourindra; Prabhu, Jaideep C.; Chandy, Rajesh K.

    2015-01-01

    , Chinese telecom equipment companies such as Huawei and ZTE had greater opportunities to learn about brands, products, and technologies and, thus, greater oppor- tunities to compete in developed markets by observing the actions of developed...

  20. 19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST PROPERTY LINE ADJACENT TO TREE AND RUNS ALONG SIDE OF SHED. LOOKING NORTH AND SLIGHTLY EAST FROM ADJOINING PROPERTY. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

  1. Smokeless tobacco in Canada: deterring market development

    PubMed Central

    Wyckham, R.

    1999-01-01

    DATA SOURCES—A review of the literature identified demographic, cultural, and marketing variables related to the uptake and continuation of smokeless tobacco use. Government and industry data on production, marketing, and consumption of smokeless tobacco products are presented.?METHODS—The Canadian and American markets are compared in terms of prevalence, consumption per capita, and marketing practices. Lessons to be learned from the well-orchestrated development of the American market in the past 30 years are examined. Canadian tobacco regulations are described. Strategies by which the increased exploitation of the Canadian smokeless tobacco market can be deterred are discussed.?CONCLUSIONS—A long-term, independently financed strategy built around a national smokeless tobacco de-marketing organisation with a constellation of private local institutions is suggested as a means of combating smokeless tobacco marketing efforts.???Keywords: smokeless tobacco; marketing; Canada PMID:10629248

  2. Endogenous Price Bubbles in a Multi-Agent System of the Housing Market

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Economic history shows a large number of boom-bust cycles, with the U.S. real estate market as one of the latest examples. Classical economic models have not been able to provide a full explanation for this type of market dynamics. Therefore, we analyze home prices in the U.S. using an alternative approach, a multi-agent complex system. Instead of the classical assumptions of agent rationality and market efficiency, agents in the model are heterogeneous, adaptive, and boundedly rational. We estimate the multi-agent system with historical house prices for the U.S. market. The model fits the data well and a deterministic version of the model can endogenously produce boom-and-bust cycles on the basis of the estimated coefficients. This implies that trading between agents themselves can create major price swings in absence of fundamental news. PMID:26107740

  3. Developing a Social Media and Marketing Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faulds, David J.; Mangold, W. Glynn

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the process used and experiences gained in developing a social media and marketing course. As the first known paper on this topic appearing in the marketing education literature, the paper provides educators with a framework for developing similar courses. The course was developed using a sound instructional design model, the…

  4. 78 FR 61667 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ...been particularly volatile in these markets. Finally, the logic of this comment suggests that HUD should change the FMR estimation...In accordance with HUD's evidence-based policymaking philosophy, HUD will not require metropolitan housing authorities...

  5. The Asymmetric Wealth Effect in the US Housing and Stock Markets: Evidence from the Threshold Cointegration Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I-Chun Tsai; Cheng-Feng Lee; Ming-Chu Chiang

    Previous studies commonly use a linear framework to investigate the long-run equilibrium relationship between the housing\\u000a and stock markets. The linear approaches may not be appropriate if adjustments from disequilibrium are asymmetric in both\\u000a markets. Nonlinear adjustments are likely to be observed since the two markets respond rather differently to negative shocks\\u000a where the stock market is more volatile but

  6. Influence of Job Accessibility on Housing Market Processes: Study of Spatial Stationarity in the Buffalo and Seattle Metropolitan Areas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sungsoon Hwang; Jean-Claude Thill

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a The impact of job accessibility on housing prices is examined in the Buffalo and Seattle metropolitan areas using a hedonic\\u000a regression modeling framework. Global hedonic regression results show that job accessibility is positively associated with\\u000a housing prices in the two study areas. Local hedonic regression modeling is also conducted to test whether the response of\\u000a the housing market to job

  7. Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development

    SciTech Connect

    Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

    2013-02-01

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

  8. THE HOUSING ENVIRONMENT AS A FACTOR IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT. FINAL REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    RICE, ROBERT R.

    IN KANSAS CITY, MO., 208 NEGRO FIVE YEAR OLDS WERE STUDIED TO EXAMINE THE INFLUENCE OF HOUSING UPON CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND TO COMPARE THE RELATIVE INFLUENCE OF HOUSING ON HEAD START AND NON-HEAD START CHILDREN. FOUR GROUPS OF 52 CHILDREN EACH INCLUDED (1) HEAD START, PUBLIC HOUSING, (2) HEAD START, SLUM HOUSING, (3) NON-HEAD START, PUBLIC HOUSING,…

  9. 75 FR 36245 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-24

    ...impediments to fair housing choice in local zoning codes...expands fair housing choice for low-income minorities...discrimination in housing based on sexual orientation or gender identity...Provide More Transportation Choices. Develop safe,...

  10. The downside of marketization: a multilevel analysis of housing tenure and types in reform-era urban China.

    PubMed

    Fu, Qiang; Zhu, Yushu; Ren, Qiang

    2015-01-01

    Based on data from the 2005 National Population Sample Survey and compiled covariates of 205 prefectures, this research adopted principal-component and multilevel-logistic analyses to study homeownership in urban China. Although the housing reform has severed the link between work units and residence, working in state sectors (government, state-owned enterprises and collective firms) remained significant in determining a household's entitlement to reform-era housing with heavy subsidies or better qualities. While the prefecture-level index of marketization reduced local homeownership of self-built housing, affordable housing and privatized housing, its effect is moderated by cross-level interactions with income, education and working in state sectors across different types of housing. Meanwhile, the index of political and market connections promoted all types of homeownership except for self-built housing. By situating the downside of marketization within a context of urban transformation, this research not only challenges the teleological premise of the neoliberal market transition theory but calls for research on institutional dynamics and social consequences of urban transformation in China. PMID:25432608

  11. Government Regulations and Housing Markets: An Index to Characterize Local Land Use Regulatory Environments for Residential Markets in the Houston - Galveston Area 

    E-print Network

    Estevez Jimenez, Luis

    2012-07-16

    GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS AND HOUSING MARKETS: AN INDEX TO CHARACTERIZE LOCAL LAND USE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS FOR RESIDENTIAL MARKETS IN THE HOUSTON ? GALVESTON AREA A Dissertation by LUIS ESTEVEZ JIMENEZ Submitted to the Office... TO CHARACTERIZE LOCAL LAND USE REGULATORY ENVIRONMENTS FOR RESIDENTIAL MARKETS IN THE HOUSTON ? GALVESTON AREA A Dissertation by LUIS ESTEVEZ JIMENEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  12. 24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. 972.124...Developments Identifying Developments Subject to Required Conversion § 972.124...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. The...

  13. 24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. 972.124...Developments Identifying Developments Subject to Required Conversion § 972.124...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. The...

  14. 24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. 972.124...Developments Identifying Developments Subject to Required Conversion § 972.124...identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion. The...

  15. SOLAR WATER HEATERS - MARKETS AND NEW DEVELOPMENTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graham L. Morrison

    The status and scale of the International and Australian solar water heater markets are outlined. Factors effecting adoption of solar water heaters are presented with a discussion of the impact of market promotion programs. A range of new products being developed in Australia and as part of an International Energy Agency program are described.

  16. Housing development for plasma electrode pockel cells. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Stubenhofer, R.L.

    1995-01-01

    The ability to produce metal machined products with deep pockets and thin walls is a critical feature of the Kansas City Plant. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories` upgrade of the NOVA Laser in preparation for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) offered the opportunity to exercise and maintain this capability on a limited scope project. Their purpose was to evaluate the feasibility of replacing the current PEPC (plasma electrode pockel cell) housings with aluminum structurally robust housings and associated hardware. When completed, the National Ignition Facility will provide other alternatives for nuclear testing to maintain the enduring stockpile. The NOVA laser is the precursor to this development.

  17. 23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ORIGINALS - QUINCES - ALONG ROAD. THE EUCALYPTUS TO THE RIGHT IS JUST OUTSIDE THE SOUTHEAST CORNER PROPERTY LINE AND WAS INDICATED ON THE 1912 BURBANK PLAN. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

  18. 5/2/2005 Industry Seminar -April 2005 The Housing Market and Demand for

    E-print Network

    1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0.0% 4.0% 8.0% 12.0% 16.0% Number Foreign Born 1000s) Percent.49 1.952 1.938 1.82 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 2004 2005 2006 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 SF Total5/2/2005 Industry Seminar - April 2005 The Housing Market and Demand for Building Materials

  19. NCR develops own EMS, eyes retail user market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1980-01-01

    The NCR Corp. plans to market its energy management system to retailers after an in-house demonstration in which it hopes to cut energy consumption 50 percent. The computerized system centralizes existing conservation efforts, aggressively incorporating building design, solar, heat recovery, and geothermal projects with techniques for promoting employee cooperation and planning. Outside consultats will be used in addition to in-house

  20. Significance and survival of Enterococci during the house fly development.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Anuradha; Akhtar, Mastura; Holderman, Chris; Zurek, Ludek

    2014-01-01

    House flies are among the most important nonbiting insect pests of medical and veterinary importance. Larvae develop in decaying organic substrates and their survival strictly depends on an active microbial community. House flies have been implicated in the ecology and transmission of enterococci, including multi-antibiotic-resistant and virulent strains of Enterococcus faecalis. In this study, eight American Type Culture Collection type strains of enterococci including Enterococcus avium, Enterococcus casseliflavus, Enterococcus durans, Enterococcus hirae, Enterococcus mundtii, Enterococcus gallinarum, Enterococcusfaecalis, and Enterococcusfaecium were evaluated for their significance in the development of house flies from eggs to adults in bacterial feeding assays. Furthermore, the bacterial colonization of the gut of teneral flies as well as the importance of several virulence traits of E. faecalis in larval mortality was assessed. Overall survival of house flies (egg to adult) was significantly higher when grown with typically nonpathogenic enterococcal species such as E. hirae (76.0% survival), E. durans (64.0%), and E. avium (64.0%) compared with that with clinically important species E. faecalis (24.0%) and E. faecium (36.0%). However, no significant differences in survival of house fly larvae were detected when grown with E. faecalis strains carrying various virulence traits, including isogenic mutants of the human clinical isolate E. faecalis V583 with in-frame deletions of gelatinase, serine protease, and capsular polysaccharide serotype C. Enterococci were commonly detected in fly puparia (range: 75-100%; concentration: 103-105 CFU/puparium);however, the prevalence of enterococci in teneral flies varied greatly: from 25.0 (E. casseliflavus) to 89.5% (E. hirae). In conclusion, depending on the species, enterococci variably support house fly larval development and colonize the gut of teneral adults. The human pathogenic species, E. faecalis and E. faecium, poorly support larval development and are likely acquired in nature by adult flies during feeding. House fly larvae do not appear to be a suitable model organism for assessment of enterococcal virulence traits. PMID:24605454

  1. Labor markets and productivity in developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mathan Satchi; Jonathan Temple

    2009-01-01

    In middle-income countries, the informal sector often accounts for a substantial fraction of the urban labor force. We develop a general equilibrium model with matching frictions in the urban labor market, the possibility of self-employment in the informal sector, and scope for rural–urban migration. We investigate the effects of labor market institutions, different types of growth, and company taxes on

  2. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Development work for modular/panelized housing units. 1924.8...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing units. (a) Exhibit...subpart applies to all loans involving modular/panelized housing units....

  3. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Development work for modular/panelized housing units. 1924.8...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing units. (a) Exhibit...subpart applies to all loans involving modular/panelized housing units....

  4. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 true Development work for modular/panelized housing units. 1924.8...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing units. (a) Exhibit...subpart applies to all loans involving modular/panelized housing units....

  5. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Development work for modular/panelized housing units. 1924.8...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing units. (a) Exhibit...subpart applies to all loans involving modular/panelized housing units....

  6. 7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Development work for modular/panelized housing...HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE...Development § 1924.8 Development work for modular/panelized housing...certification that the onsite work complies with drawings,...

  7. Developing Self-Marketing Skills: Are Marketing Students Prepared for the Job Search?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denny E. McCorkle; Joe F. Alexander; James Reardon; Nathan D. Kling

    2003-01-01

    Sooner or later, most marketing and business students realize that today’s job market is competitive, challenging, and requires substantial effort in order to pursue successfully. This article presents the authors’ observations, job market statistics, relevant academic literature, and survey results concerning the marketing and business student job search process. The research findings guide several recommendations for developing student self-marketing and

  8. HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy

    E-print Network

    Evans, Paul

    recent European house price trends: An absence of continental drift? School of Architecture, Design: An absence of continental drift ­ Dean Garratt UK house prices ­ Dean Garratt Affordability of house prices

  9. 7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS,...

  10. 7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS,...

  11. 7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  12. 7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS,...

  13. 7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  14. 7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS,...

  15. 7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS,...

  16. 7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  17. 7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  18. 7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  19. 7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  20. 7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  1. 7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  2. 7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  3. 7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  4. 7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  5. Developing market for waste-derived fuel

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1984-01-01

    Markets are developing for products such as closely specified fuel, graded compost and clean ferrous metal and the company in question is aiming to produce these from waste treatment projects. The plant used for the waste derived fuel consists of equipment such as plant feeders, a vertical hammer mill, a ballistic classifier, magnetic separators, shredders, dryers a densifying unit and

  6. The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

    2009-01-01

    The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

  7. The Time-Series Properties on Housing Prices: A Case Study of the Southern California Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rangan Gupta; Stephen M. Miller

    2009-01-01

    We examine the time-series relationship between housing prices in eight Southern California metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs). First, we perform cointegration tests of the housing price indexes for the MSAs, finding seven cointegrating vectors. Thus, the evidence suggests that one common trend links the housing prices in these eight MSAs, a purchasing power parity finding for the housing prices in Southern

  8. Developing markets for recyclate: perspectives from south Wales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bevis M. Watts; Jane Probert; Stephen P. Bentley

    2001-01-01

    This paper introduces the problems of a market-driven waste management strategy in the UK and the momentum towards developing markets for recycled materials. It focuses on the demand side barriers and principally the need for market stimulation in the end uses for recyclables. The important role, which small- and medium-sized manufacturing enterprises (SMEs) have to play in developing existing markets

  9. Commercial Aircraft Development and the Export Market

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Snodgrass, J.

    1972-01-01

    The various factors which endanger the future of commercial aircraft development are defined. The factors discussed are: (1) a decline in federally funded research and development programs, (2) a general decline in the economic health of the domestic airlines, (3) the increased cost of development which may be several times the net worth of the company, (4) the development overseas of common market and manufacturing consortia, and (5) foreign manufacturers receiving significant financial support from their national governments. It is stated that unless immediate and innovative solutions to combat these factors are found, the commercial aviation industry will be in serious difficulty.

  10. Mortgage markets in Middle East and North African countries: Market development, poverty reduction, and growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Nuri Erba?; Frank E. Nothaft

    2005-01-01

    This paper argues that making affordable home mortgage loans available to a large cross-section of the population will serve both the redistributive and growth-enhancing objectives of poverty reduction policies. The current state of housing and mortgage markets in selected Middle East and North African countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia) is examined. The study evaluates Turkey and Mexico as

  11. 1. VIEW SOUTHEAST SHOWING NORTHWEST (FRONT) ELEVATION, RIGHT HOUSE (Left ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. VIEW SOUTHEAST SHOWING NORTHWEST (FRONT) ELEVATION, RIGHT HOUSE (Left house is 415 Market Street, HABS No. NJ-901-F.) - 403-521 Market Street (Houses & Commercial Buildings), 413 Market Street (House), 413 Market Street, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ

  12. Growth and labour markets in developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mathan Satchi; Jonathan Temple

    2006-01-01

    In middle-income countries, the informal sector often accounts for a substantial fraction of urban employment. We develop a general equilibrium model with matching frictions in the urban labour market, the possibility of self-employment in the informal sector, and scope for rural-urban migration. We investigate the effects of different types of growth on wages and the informal sector, and the extent

  13. The Time-Series Properties of House Prices: A Case Study of the Southern California Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rangan Gupta; Stephen M. Miller

    2012-01-01

    We examine the time-series relationship between house prices in eight Southern California metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs).\\u000a First, we perform cointegration tests of the house price indexes for the MSAs, finding seven cointegrating vectors. Thus,\\u000a the evidence suggests that one common trend links the house prices in these eight MSAs, a purchasing power parity finding\\u000a for the house prices in Southern

  14. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Inspector General Departmental Enforcement Center Office of Strategic Planning & Management Equal Employment Opportunity Policy Development and Research Fair Housing / Equal Opportunity Public ...

  15. Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Released on Tuesday May 8, 2001, Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports is a 61-page report that strives to show that developing countries are also benefiting from multilateral, unilateral, and regional trade liberalization. The report is divided into three main sections. Protection in Merchandise Trade offers information on tariffs, agricultural subsidies and non-tariff measures, and trade preferences. The second section, Trade in Services, provides background, current research, and forecasts in two categories: barriers to trade in services and measuring barriers to trade in services. Finally, the last section explores the benefits of liberalizations in several different factions.

  16. HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items

    E-print Network

    HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items June 23, 2008 Last week the House Energy and Water Development Subcommittee completed its action on their version of the FY09 Energy and Water Development bill. The draft report language is below. The full

  17. ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

  18. Space market model development project, phase 3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bishop, Peter C.; Hamel, Gary P.

    1989-01-01

    The results of a research project investigating information needs for space commercialization is described. The Space Market Model Development Project (SMMDP) was designed to help NASA identify the information needs of the business community and to explore means to meet those needs. The activity of the SMMDP is reviewed and a report of its operation via three sections is presented. The first part contains a brief historical review of the project since inception. The next part reports results of Phase 3, the most recent stage of activity. Finally, overall conclusions and observations based on the SMMDP research results are presented.

  19. An analysis of stock market efficiency: Developed vs Islamic stock markets using MF-DFA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rizvi, Syed Aun R.; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Bacha, Obiyathulla I.; Masih, Mansur

    An efficient market has been theoretically proven to be a key component for effective and efficient resource allocation in an economy. This paper incorporates econophysics with Efficient Market Hypothesis to undertake a comparative analysis of Islamic and developed countries’ markets by extending the understanding of their multifractal nature. By applying the Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MFDFA) we calculated the generalized Hurst exponents, multifractal scaling exponents and generalized multifractal dimensions for 22 broad market indices. The findings provide a deeper understanding of the markets in Islamic countries, where they have traces of highly efficient performance particularly in crisis periods. A key finding is the empirical evidence of the impact of the ‘stage of market development’ on the efficiency of the market. If Islamic countries aim to improve the efficiency of resource allocation, an important area to address is to focus, among others, on enhancing the stage of market development.

  20. Organizational Structures of Housing Associations in the area of Real Estate Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reinier van der Kuij

    Housing associations in The Netherlands have very different points of view about their ambition and functioning as social entrepreneur. A common aspect is that they perform, in one way or another, as developer of Real Estate. They have begun, next to their original and main task of building and managing the social housing stock, to develop more expensive rental and

  1. The Impact of News, Oil Prices, and Global Market Developments on Russian Financial Markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernd Hayo; Ali M. Kutan

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyzes the impact of news, oil prices, and international financial market developments on daily returns on Russian bond and stock markets. First, regarding returns, energy news affects returns, while news from the war in Chechnya is not significant. Market volatility does not appear to be sensitive to either type of news. Second, a significant effect of the growth

  2. The impact of news, oil prices, and global market developments on Russian financial markets 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bernd Hayo; Ali M. Kutan

    2005-01-01

    AbstractThis paper analyses the impact of news, oil prices, and international financial market developments on daily returns on Russian bond and stock markets. First, regarding returns, energy news affects returns, while news from the war in Chechnya is not significant. Market volatility does not appear to be sensitive to either type of news. Second, a significant effect of the growth

  3. Political marketing and party development in Britain : A “secret” history

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dominic Wring

    1996-01-01

    Argues that by utilizing a standard evolutionary model of marketing it is possible to map out three key stages in the development of electioneering, each of which is directly comparable with the production, sales and marketing orientations in commerce. In politics the respective phases can be labelled the propaganda, media and marketing approaches to the electorate. Using this framework the

  4. Cultivar evaluation for hoop house grown onions

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Oklahoma onions are produced for the fresh market using a combination of short and intermediate day cultivars. Recently developed hoop house transplant production techniques enable local production of cultivars not available as transplants elsewhere. Several new intermediate cultivars have product...

  5. Housing Reform and its Impacts on the Urban Poor in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ya Ping Wang

    2000-01-01

    Housing provision in Chinese cities has experienced many changes since 1979 when the country embarked on major economic reform. During the late 1980s and the 1990s many publicly owned houses were sold to their existing tenants or other public sector employees. Large numbers of new houses were built by commercial property developers for the emerging urban housing market. As a

  6. The U.S. Housing Market and the Business Cycle --Theoretical and Empirical Investigations

    E-print Network

    Huang, MeiChi

    2009-01-01

    follows. Section 2 reviews related literature on the housing2. Literature Review Some related literature focus on U.S.reviews the closely-related Markup is defined as price divided by marginal cost. literatures.

  7. ‘Being in the market’: the UK house-price bubble and the intended structure of individual pension investment portfolios

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gordon L. Clark; Roberto Durán-Fernández; Kendra Strauss

    2010-01-01

    It is widely observed that being in the market gives financial traders access to knowledge and information not available to remote traders. A truism of the geography of finance, it is also a perspective that can shed light on the interaction between market location, global financial movements and personal welfare. In this article, we develop an explanation of the premium

  8. The Effects of Low Income Housing Tax Credit Developments on Neighborhoods

    PubMed Central

    Baum-Snow, Nathaniel; Marion, Justin

    2013-01-01

    This paper evaluates the impacts of new housing developments funded with the Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), the largest federal project based housing program in the U.S., on the neighborhoods in which they are built. A discontinuity in the formula determining the magnitude of tax credits as a function of neighborhood characteristics generates pseudo-random assignment in the number of low income housing units built in similar sets of census tracts. Tracts where projects are awarded 30 percent higher tax credits receive approximately six more low income housing units on a base of seven units per tract. These additional new low income developments cause homeowner turnover to rise, raise property values in declining areas and reduce incomes in gentrifying areas in neighborhoods near the 30th percentile of the income distribution. LIHTC units significantly crowd out nearby new rental construction in gentrifying areas but do not displace new construction in stable or declining areas. PMID:24235779

  9. 41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...the Act in the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Section 808(d)...

  10. 41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...the Act in the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Section 808(d)...

  11. 76 FR 73989 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-09...Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 AGENCY: Office...authority under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and HUD's...

  12. 41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...the Act in the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Section 808(d)...

  13. An evaluation of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work voucher program

    E-print Network

    Mahdavi, Pedram

    2009-01-01

    Since implementation nearly 10 years ago there has been limited research into the outcomes of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work rental subsidy program. The Congressionally ...

  14. Labor markets and economic development in Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Smith, J P

    1991-01-01

    A researcher analyzed data on male workers from 1262 households from Peninsular Malaysia (1976-1977 Malaysian Family Life Survey) to identify the leading effects of economic development for earnings and employment patterns within labor markets. All 3 major ethnic groups in Malaysia profited from the increasing levels of real income over time. The relative income of ethnic Malays, the poorest socioeconomic class, increased more so than the Chinese and Indians. Yet the income of Chinese was 108% higher than Malays and that of Indians was 60%. The difference between Malays and Chinese grew considerably as men aged. Further economic growth resulted in higher earnings for young men than for older men. In addition, the more educated men were the higher their earnings. In fact, education was the most significant determinant of time related growth in incomes. Further, income of men who participated in job training programs grew 2 times as fast than that of men who did not participate in job training programs. Lastly, economic growth increased earnings of men in urban areas more so than those in rural areas. Malaysia had put a lot of time and resources in research and development in rubber and rice production which has resulted in continual introduction of new varieties of rubber trees and rice. These new varieties have increased production considerably. In conclusion, Malaysia was able to experience economic growth because it invested in education and job training for male workers and in research and development to advance production of its 2 most important commodities--rubber and rice. PMID:12317026

  15. 7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS,...

  16. 7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  17. 7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2014-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS,...

  18. 7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS,...

  19. 7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2012-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  20. 7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2013-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS,...

  1. 7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  2. 7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  3. 7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  4. 7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

  5. Marketing Department The Marketing Department of the University of Alicante organizes and develops teaching and research activity in

    E-print Network

    Escolano, Francisco

    Marketing Department The Marketing Department of the University of Alicante organizes and develops teaching and research activity in the Area of knowledge of marketing and market research. Department faculty teaches specialized on the management of Marketing and commercial management of the company

  6. The entrepreneurial state : New York's Urban Development Corporation, an experiment to take charge of affordable housing production, 1968-1975

    E-print Network

    Freemark, Yonah (Yonah Slifkin)

    2013-01-01

    A federal-local partnership supports the creation of most new affordable housing in the United States. Washington's subsidies, which fund housing construction, vouchers, and tax credits, are paired with local development ...

  7. Can the Mortensen-Pissarides Model Match the Housing Market Facts ?

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Consequently, the search and matching approach is widely used even in the real estate market (for an overview-called time-on-the-market (TOM), measures the degree of illiquidity of the real estate asset and re-saleable goods such as real estate are also growing rapidly (for an overview see Leung, Leong

  8. Social housing regeneration in Dublin: market-based regeneration and the creation of sustainable communities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paula Russell; Declan Redmond

    2009-01-01

    A number of social housing flat complexes in the inner city of Dublin have been selected to be demolished and redeveloped as mixed tenure neighbourhoods using public–private partnership mechanisms. Driven in part by an economic rationale, this policy also seeks to regenerate these estates as mixed or integrated communities, with the assumption being that the existing estates are exemplars of

  9. House Prices and Regional Real Estate Cycles: Market Adjustments in Houston

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barton A. Smith; William P. Tesarek

    1991-01-01

    Real estate cycles often generate sharp swings in real housing prices, price changes that cannot be adequately described by a single statistic such as median home values. Instead, the entire structure of prices across all quality levels must be examined. This paper analyzes the price impact of the Houston, Texas, real estate bust. It shows that the average price of

  10. Price Dispersion in the Housing Market: The Role of Bargaining and Search Costs

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    dispersion studies on durable and re-saleable goods such as real estate are also growing rapidly (Read, 1991 et al., 2006, 2007). Real estate is in fact the most important durable consumption good and one of real estate come from re-sales between individual buyers and sellers (transactions in the housing

  11. Resident health advocates in public housing family developments.

    PubMed

    Bowen, Deborah J; Bhosrekar, Sarah Gees; Rorie, Jo-Anna; Goodman, Rachel; Thomas, Gerry; Maxwell, Nancy Irwin; Smith, Eugenia

    2015-01-01

    Translation of research to practice often needs intermediaries to help the process occur. Our Prevention Research Center has identified a total of 89 residents of public housing in the last 11 years who have been working in the Resident Health Advocate (RHA) program to engage residents in improving their own and other residents' health status by becoming trained in skills needed by community health workers. Future directions include training for teens to become Teen RHAs and further integration of our RHA program with changes in the health care system and in the roles of community health workers in general. PMID:25739061

  12. Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents 

    E-print Network

    Haberl, J. S.; Kootin-Sanwu, V.

    1999-01-01

    ESL-TR-99/01-01 Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents Funded by Center for Energy and Mineral Research Texas A&M University Progress Report January 1999 Jeff. S. Haberl, Associate Professor Victor Kootin... construction. Habitat for Humanity provides the owner with an interest free loans where mortgage credit is not possible. The organization sells these houses at no profit. Habitat for CEMR Progress Report Energy Systems Laboratory January 1999 Texas A...

  13. Department of Housing and Urban Development-Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    The text of an act making apropriations for the Department of Housing and Urban Development and sundry independent agencies, boards, commissions, corporations, and offices for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1985 is given. Money is appropriated for rent supplements, housing counseling Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank, urban homesteadng, American Battle Monuments, Commission, the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other agencies and programs.

  14. Housing management matters: Citizenship and managerialism in the new welfare market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robina Goodlad

    1999-01-01

    This paper addresses three neglected issues in the restructuring of housing policy and provision in the UK in the 1980s and\\u000a 1990s: first, the relationship between welfare restructuring and management regimes; second, the nature of local variations\\u000a in the impact of welfare restructuring; and third, the significance of human agency interpretations of change. The paper starts\\u000a by summarizing the main

  15. Perceptions of private market landlords who rent to tenants of a housing first program.

    PubMed

    Aubry, Tim; Cherner, Rebecca; Ecker, John; Jetté, Jonathan; Rae, Jennifer; Yamin, Stephanie; Sylvestre, John; Bourque, Jimmy; McWilliams, Nancy

    2015-06-01

    The rental of housing units by landlords to participants in Housing First (HF) programs is critical to the success of these programs. Therefore, it is important to understand the experiences of landlords with having these individuals as tenants. The paper presents findings of qualitative interviews with 23 landlords who rented to tenants from a HF program located in a small city and adjoining rural area in eastern Canada and in which approximately 75 % of tenants had been housed for at least six consecutive months at 2 years in the program. Findings showed that landlords are motivated to rent to HF tenants for financial and pro-social reasons. They reported holding a range of positive, neutral, and negative perceptions of these tenants. They identified problems encountered with some HF tenants that included disruptive visitors, conflict with other tenants, constant presence in their apartments, and poor upkeep of units. On the other hand, landlords perceived HF tenants as being mostly good tenants who are similar to their other tenants. Implications for practice in the context of HF programs are discussed. PMID:25845664

  16. Promote Specialized Market Upgrading by Developing Modern Logistics Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zheng Shaoqing

    2010-01-01

    Specialized markets in Zhejiang are of great number and scale and now face the challenge of improve the competitiveness. The author is of the opinion that modern logistics parks with third-parties as major services providers, comprehensive functions, flexible transportation, and modern information system are necessary to continuous developments for those Specialized markets.

  17. Foreign Fishery Developments The Market for Eels in the

    E-print Network

    Foreign Fishery Developments The Market for Eels in the Federal Republic of Germany INTRODUCTION The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) has traditionally been the largest European market for the European eel. In re- cent years, though, static eel produc- tion in the Baltic Sea has permitted Canada, the United

  18. NAWDP Job Developer's Marketing Kit for Employment & Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamburg, Susan

    This guide was developed to meet the marketing, outreach, and recruitment needs of job training organizations. It is designed to help organizations create a positive and professional image of local job training programs in their business community. The guide is organized in three sections that cover the following: (1) marketing and outreach…

  19. Modeling market development of electric vehicles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joerg Wansart; Eckehard Schnieder

    2010-01-01

    Automobile powertrains are so far predominantly based on internal combustion engines burning fossil fuels so far. However, due to mandatory emission reduction and rising oil prices hybrid and full electric vehicles are about to be introduced in mass markets. Given their high costs, small range and missing recharging infrastructure, electric vehicles do not seem to be competitive enough compared to

  20. Making Sense Out of the Sub-Prime Lending Mess The housing market's troubles loom like a bank of dark clouds over the whole economy. Many

    E-print Network

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    Making Sense Out of the Sub-Prime Lending Mess The housing market's troubles loom like a bank documentation, and so on. Such financial innovations opened home ownership to families who, in the past, could rates rose dramatically in recent months. How did we get into the current troubled situation? Government

  1. Condensed tannins inhibit house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) development in livestock manure.

    PubMed

    Littlefield, Kimberly A; Muir, James P; Lambert, Barry D; Tomberlin, Jeffery K

    2011-12-01

    Reducing chemical use for suppressing internal and external parasites of livestock is essential for protecting environmental health. Although plant condensed tannins are known to suppress gastro-intestinal parasites in small ruminants, no research on the effects of tannins on external arthropod populations such as the house fly, Musca domestica L., have been conducted. We examined the impact of plant material containing condensed tannins on house fly development. Prairie acacia (Acacia angustissima (Mill.), Kuntze variety hirta (Nutt.) B.L. Rob.) herbage, panicled tick-clover (Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC.) herbage, and quebracho (Shinopsis balansae Engl.) extracts were introduced at rates of 1, 3 or 5% condensed tannins/kg beef cattle, dairy cattle, and goat manure, respectively. In a second experiment, we also introduce purified catechin at 1 or 3% of dairy manure dry matter and measured its impact on house fly development. For the house flies used in these experiments, the following was recorded: percent fly emergence (PFE), average daily gain (ADG), and average fly weight (AFW). No effects (P>0.05) in house fly development were measured in the caprine manure. Prairie acacia (20.9% condensed tannins) had no effect on house flies developing in either bovine manures. Tick clover (4.9% condensed tannins) had a negative effect on all three quantifiable variables of house fly development in the bovine manures, whereas quebracho extract (64.0% condensed tannins) at the 3 and 5% rate reduced fly emergence in beef manure and average daily gain in dairy manure. The application of purified catechin at 3%, but not 1%, reduced fly PFE, ADG, and AFW. PMID:22217775

  2. Geothermal development in a new era: a marketing framework

    SciTech Connect

    Coe, B.A.

    1981-10-01

    Progress in exploring for, developing and using geothermal energy for direct heat requirements is slow. Most of the projects underway have been government-assisted. Now, federal policy dictates that market forces bring energy on line. What is next required to stimulate direct use of geothermal energy within the new context is an active and effective marketing program. A basic framework and some rules of thumb can help start the marketing program. An active and effective marketing program is an essential part of developing a commercial geothermal industry because the essence of marketing is a transaction, intended to satisfy human needs or wants. It is that transaction that is the final determinant of the success of the direct use geothermal industry.

  3. Developing short-selling on the mainland Chinese equity markets 

    E-print Network

    Clunie, James; Ying, Tongshan

    2006-01-01

    We review the theory and evidence on liquidity, price discovery and market efficiency associated with securities lending and short-selling. We also study the efforts by the Hong Kong and Taiwan stock exchanges to develop ...

  4. The Role of Economic Development on Financial Markets Linkages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abu Hassan; Shaari Mohd; Ugur Ergun

    This paper explores the role of economic development on financial linkages between countries. Cointegration techniques with rolling-window approach and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) are employed. The empirical data which is analyzed consists of stock market indices and exchange rates for one least developed country, developing countries and developed countries and spans the period from 1997 to 2007. Our findings

  5. Developing empirically supported theories of change for housing investment and health.

    PubMed

    Thomson, Hilary; Thomas, Sian

    2015-01-01

    The assumption that improving housing conditions can lead to improved health may seem a self-evident hypothesis. Yet evidence from intervention studies suggests small or unclear health improvements, indicating that further thought is required to refine this hypothesis. Articulation of a theory can help avoid a black box approach to research and practice and has been advocated as especially valuable for those evaluating complex social interventions like housing. This paper presents a preliminary theory of housing improvement and health based on a systematic review conducted by the authors. Following extraction of health outcomes, data on all socio-economic impacts were extracted by two independent reviewers from both qualitative and quantitative studies. Health and socio-economic outcome data from the better quality studies (n = 23/34) were mapped onto a one page logic models by two independent reviewers and a final model reflecting reviewer agreement was prepared. Where there was supporting evidence of links between outcomes these were indicated in the model. Two models of specific improvements (warmth & energy efficiency; and housing led renewal), and a final overall model were prepared. The models provide a visual map of the best available evidence on the health and socio-economic impacts of housing improvement. The use of a logic model design helps to elucidate the possible pathways between housing improvement and health and as such might be described as an empirically based theory. Changes in housing factors were linked to changes in socio-economic determinants of health. This points to the potential for longer term health impacts which could not be detected within the lifespan of the evaluations. The developed theories are limited by the available data and need to be tested and refined. However, in addition to providing one page summaries for evidence users, the theory may usefully inform future research on housing and health. PMID:25461878

  6. Development of skin structure and cutaneous water loss in nestling desert House Sparrows from Saudi Arabia

    E-print Network

    Williams, Jos. B.

    Development of skin structure and cutaneous water loss in nestling desert House Sparrows from Saudi layers that limit cutaneous water loss (CWL). We examined the development of structure of the SC and CWL bodies; Cutaneous water loss 1. Introduction When vertebrates invaded land, strong selection pressures

  7. Experience of emerging market firms: The role of cognitive bias in developed market entry and survival

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas E. Thomas; Lorraine Eden; Michael A. Hitt; Stewart R. Miller

    2007-01-01

    Abstract and Key Results\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a This paper draws on organizational learning theory to explain how experience influences the propensity for emerging market\\u000a firms (using an event history analysis of a sample of Latin American firms during the 1990s) to enter developed markets, and\\u000a their likelihood of survival.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a We argue that developed market experience is positively related to emerging market

  8. An Outline of the Chongqing Construction Industry for Housing Industrialization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pan Yuhong; Shao Huilin

    2009-01-01

    Chongqing is the key city in Western China. In the midst of China's economic development and its western development, Chongqing plays an important and strategic role. Currently, the housing market is very active, but problems exist with Chongqing's housing industry, including a lack of new design concepts, primitive technology, low management level, lack of new materials and production methods, and

  9. Cutting energy costs in multifamily housing: Practical case studies for the builder and developer

    SciTech Connect

    Whiddon, W.I.

    1986-01-01

    This book is based on an expert evaluation of nine existing and three proposed multifamily housing projects across the US. The existing buildings include three lowrise projects (three to four stories), six midrises (five to seven stories), and three highrise buildings (nine to thirty-nine stories). Two projects were designed and built in the late 1950's, two in the late 1960's, and five late in the ''energy-crisis'' of the 1970's. The existing projects range from municipally subsidized elderly housing, to HUD Section-8 suburban developments, to luxury urban highrise buildings. The three ''future'' buildings, designed by the NAHB research team, were based on trends anticipated in the multifamily industry by IREM and NAHB leaders, over the next five years. The key trends identified were: downsizing of units (by 10 to 20%); increased project size (in number of units), denser developments (more midrise and highrise projects), and increased amenities - all in the context of more affordable housing.

  10. Sector strength and efficiency on developed and emerging financial markets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fiedor, Pawe?

    2014-11-01

    In this paper we analyse the importance of sectors and market efficiency on developed and emerging financial markets. To perform this we analyse New York Stock Exchange between 2004 and 2013 and Warsaw Stock Exchange between 2000 and 2013. To find out the importance of sectors we construct minimal spanning trees for annual time series consisting of daily log returns and calculate centrality measures for all stocks, which we then aggregate by sectors. Such analysis is of interest to analysts for whom the knowledge of the influence of particular groups of stocks to the market behaviour is crucial. We also analyse the predictability of price changes on those two markets formally, using the information-theoretic concept of entropy rate, to find out the differences in market efficiency between a developed and an emerging market, and between sectors themselves. We postulate that such analysis is important to the study of financial markets as it can contribute to the profitability of investments, particularly in the case of algorithmic trading.

  11. Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents` energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today`s results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

  12. How much choice is there in housing choice vouchers? Neighborhood risk and free market rental housing accessibility for active drug users in Hartford, Connecticut

    PubMed Central

    Dickson-Gomez, Julia B; Cromley, Ellen; Convey, Mark; Hilario, Helena

    2009-01-01

    Background Since the mid-1970s, the dominant model for U.S. federal housing policy has shifted from unit-based programs to tenant based vouchers and certificates, intended to allow recipients a choice in their housing and neighborhoods. Surprisingly little research has examined the question of where those with Section 8 housing vouchers are able to live, but some research suggests that voucher holders are more likely to reside in distressed neighborhoods than unsubsidized renter households. Further, federal housing policy has limited drug users' access to housing subsidies. In turn, neighborhood disorder has been associated with higher levels of injection drug risk behaviors, and higher drug-related mortality. This paper explores rental accessibility and neighborhood characteristics of advertised rental housing in Hartford CT. Methods Brief telephone interviews were conducted with landlords or management companies with units to rent in Hartford to explore housing accessibility measured as initial move in costs, credit and criminal background checks, and whether rental subsidies were accepted. These data were supplemented with in-depth interviews with landlords, shelter staff and active users of heroin, crack or cocaine. Apartments for rent were geocoded and mapped using ArcGIS. We used location quotients to identify areas where low-income rental housing is concentrated. Finally, we mapped apartments in relation to drug and violent arrest rates in each neighborhood. Results High security deposits, criminal background and credit checks limit housing accessibility even for drug users receiving vouchers. While most landlords or management companies accepted housing subsidies, several did not. Voucher units are concentrated in neighborhoods with high poverty neighborhoods. Landlords reported little incentive to accept rental subsidies in neighborhoods with low crime rates, but appreciated the guarantee provided by Section 8 in high crime neighborhoods that were less likely to attract applicants with good jobs and credit. Conclusion Housing vouchers in themselves do not greatly improve recipients' choice of neighborhood and voucher units are concentrated in the most distressed neighborhoods. Policy changes are needed to increase landlords' incentives to accept housing subsidies. Interventions to improve neighborhood conditions are needed to improve the probability of success for those recovering from drug addictions. PMID:19368713

  13. Modeling of market segmentation for new IT product development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nasiopoulos, Dimitrios K.; Sakas, Damianos P.; Vlachos, D. S.; Mavrogianni, Amanda

    2015-02-01

    Businesses from all Information Technology sectors use market segmentation[1] in their product development[2] and strategic planning[3]. Many studies have concluded that market segmentation is considered as the norm of modern marketing. With the rapid development of technology, customer needs are becoming increasingly diverse. These needs can no longer be satisfied by a mass marketing approach and follow one rule. IT Businesses can face with this diversity by pooling customers[4] with similar requirements and buying behavior and strength into segments. The result of the best choices about which segments are the most appropriate to serve can then be made, thus making the best of finite resources. Despite the attention which segmentation gathers and the resources that are invested in it, growing evidence suggests that businesses have problems operationalizing segmentation[5]. These problems take various forms. There may have been a rule that the segmentation process necessarily results in homogeneous groups of customers for whom appropriate marketing programs and procedures for dealing with them can be developed. Then the segmentation process, that a company follows, can fail. This increases concerns about what causes segmentation failure and how it might be overcome. To prevent the failure, we created a dynamic simulation model of market segmentation[6] based on the basic factors leading to this segmentation.

  14. Developing Market Opportunities for Flexible Rooftop Applications of PV Using Flexible CIGS Technology: Market Considerations

    SciTech Connect

    Sabnani, L.; Skumanich, A.; Ryabova, E.; Noufi, R.

    2011-01-01

    There has been a recent upsurge in developments for building-integrated phototovoltaics (BiPV) roof top materials based on CIGS. Several new companies have increased their presence and are looking to bring products to market for this application in 2011. For roof-top application, there are significant key requirements beyond just having good conversion efficiency. Other attributes include lightweight, as well as moisture-proof, and fully functionally reliable. The companies bringing these new BIPV/BAPV products need to ensure functionality with a rigorous series of tests, and have an extensive set of 'torture' tests to validate the capability. There is a convergence of form, aesthetics, and physics to ensure that the CIGS BiPV deliver on their promises. This article will cover the developments in this segment of the BiPV market and delve into the specific tests and measurements needed to characterize the products. The potential market sizes are evaluated and the technical considerations developed.

  15. Multi-Year SSL Market Development Support Plan

    SciTech Connect

    Ledbetter, Marc R.

    2012-05-01

    This plan sets out a strategic, five year framework for guiding DOE's market development support activities for high-performance solid-state lighting (SSL) products for the U.S. general illumination market. The market development support activities described in this plan, which span federal fiscal years 2012 to 2016, are intended to affect the types of SSL general illumination products adopted by the market, to accelerate commercial adoption of those products, and to support appropriate application of those products to maximize energy savings. DOE has established aggressive FY16 goals for these activities, including goals for the types of products brought to market, the market adoption of those products, and the energy savings achieved through use of SSL products. These goals are for the combined effect of DOE's SSL market development support and R and D investment, as well as the leveraged activities of its partners. Goals include: (1) inducing the market introduction of SSL products achieving 140 lumens per Watt (lm/W) for warm white products, and 155 lm/W for cool white products, and (2) inducing sales of high-performance SSL products that achieve annual site electricity savings of 21 terawatt hours (0.25 quadrillion Btus primary energy) by FY16. To overcome identified market barriers and to achieve the above five year goals, DOE proposes to carry out the following strategy. DOE will implement a multi-year program to accelerate adoption of good quality, high performance SSL products that achieve significant energy savings and maintain or improve lighting quality. Relying on lessons learned from past emerging technology introductions, such as compact fluorescent lamps, and using newly developed market research, DOE will design its efforts to minimize the likelihood that the SSL market will repeat mistakes that greatly delayed market adoption of earlier emerging technology market introductions. To achieve the maximum effect per dollar invested, DOE will work closely with lighting industry organizations 'such as the Next Generation Lighting Industry Alliance, North American Illuminating Engineering Society, and the International Association of Lighting Designers' and with other government programs seeking to improve lighting energy efficiency. While DOE will work closely with these organizations and others from lighting and electric utility industry, the program will focus primarily on assisting buyers of SSL products and others acting on their behalf because satisfied buyers are essential to the success of SSL market adoption. The work product of DOE's efforts will primarily be information, of the right type, at the right time, and provided efficiently to those who can best use it. A secondary work product of DOE's program will be market opportunities, in which DOE will seek to reduce the risks and costs for manufacturers of SSL products to sell good quality, high performance products to motivated buyers. In short, DOE plans to implement a multi-year program that produces highly useful and widely available information for buyers and their agents, while producing important market opportunities for producers, avoids the mistakes of the past, and is closely coordinated with industry and government. The market needs and the overall strategy were used for deciding which types of programs and projects DOE should create, and what general form they should take. Progress toward achieving plan goals with the above program elements will be monitored and periodically reported.

  16. Development of an Open-Source Smart Energy House for K-12 Education

    E-print Network

    , with actual loads, using an Arduino Uno electronics platform as an interface to a PC. A reference program on the work development board Arduino Uno, the work of MIT on project Scratch, and the expansion has funded the construction of the first 10 houses. Energyville has funded the electronics and Arduino

  17. Opportunities and issues in international photovoltaic market development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roger Taylor; Doug Arent; Sam Baldwin; Robert McConnell; Jack Stone; Harin Ullal; Cecile Warner; William Wallace; Paul Klimas; Elizabeth Richards; Charles Hanley; John Strachan

    1996-01-01

    The confluence of technology development and market readiness is opening up major business opportunities for photovoltaic (PV) power systems throughout the developing world. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque (Sandia), working on behalf of the US Department of Energy, have launched pilot projects in several countries throughout the world over the past 3 years.

  18. Staff Development Policy: Fuzzy Choices in an Imperfect Market.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stout, Robert T.

    1996-01-01

    Argues that staff development in public elementary and secondary schools in the United States is flawed in practice, representing a consumer market in which "proof of purchase" substitutes for investment in school improvement or individual development. A policy model for investment in school improvement is proposed. (SLD)

  19. Current Log-Periodic View on Future World Market Development

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dro?d?, S.; Kwapie?, J.; O?wi?cimka, P.; Speth, J.

    2008-09-01

    Applicability of the concept of financial log-periodicity is discussed and encouragingly verified for various phases of the world stock markets development in the period 2000-2010. In particular, a speculative forecasting scenario designed in the end of 2004, that properly predicted the world stock market increases in 2007, is updated by setting some more precise constraints on the time of duration of the present long-term equity market bullish phase. A termination of this phase is evaluated to occur in around November 2009. In particular, on the way towards this dead-line, a Spring-Summer 2008 increase is expected. On the precious metals market a forthcoming critical time signal is detected at the turn of March/April 2008 which marks a tendency for at least a serious correction to begin.

  20. The Development of A Reusable Simulation Model for the Modular Housing Industry Using ProModel and Visual Basic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mahdi Nasereddin; Michael A. Mullens; PE Dayana Cope

    Developing a simulation model can be a time consuming process. Often multiple simulation models are built to simulate similar systems with small differences. The Housing Constructability Lab at the University of Central Florida has developed numerous models of modular housing manufacturing operations, both existing and planned. While the physical configurations differed considerably, the underlying manufacturing processes and relationships were remarkably

  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

    E-print Network

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development #12 Development. Healthy housing reference manual. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2006. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by the Centers for Disease Control

  2. THE IMPACT OF FINANCING AND SECURITISATION ON REAL ESTATE MARKETS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN SINGAPORE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ONG SEOW ENG; SIM LOO LEE

    The real estate market can be characterised into the space market for usage, the asset market for investment, and the development industry providing the real estate stock. Urban development and growth is spatially and intrinsically linked to the development industry. However, little theoretical and empirical work exists to link changes in the space and asset markets to urban development. In

  3. 76 FR 31887 - Procedures by Which the Agricultural Marketing Service Develops, Revises, Suspends, or Terminates...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-02

    ...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Agricultural Marketing Service 7 CFR Part 36 [Document No...Procedures by Which the Agricultural Marketing Service Develops, Revises, Suspends...of Frozen Okra AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION: Request...

  4. Brand Development : Commodity Markets and Manufacturer-Retailer Relationships

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Betts

    1994-01-01

    Focuses on the case example of one of the leading wallcovering manufacturers in the UK. Explores issues surrounding the development of brands within a commodity-type market. The research attempted to analyse the factors which affected the decision-buying process for the consumer, together with the role that the major DIY multiples played in creating and communicating an effective brand identity. The

  5. A Public Lecture: Labour Markets and Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gary S Fields

    2006-01-01

    [Excerpt] I want to put forward three propositions to you based on decades of work in Asia, Latin America, and Africa. First, economic development can be (but need not be) a win-win-win situation - for businesses, for individuals and groups of individuals, and for governments and non- governmental organisations (NGOs). Second, the labour market can (but need not) serve as

  6. Developments in U.S. Alternative Fuel Markets

    EIA Publications

    2001-01-01

    The alternative fueled vehicle (AFV)/alternative fuels industry experienced a number of market-related changes in the second half of the 1990s. This article describes each of the alternative transportation fuels and the AFVs in detail. It provides information on the development to date and looks at trends likely to occur in the future.

  7. Institutional Investors and Stock Market Development: A Causality Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Güler Aras

    This article examines causality relationships between institutional investors and stock market development based on the panel data compiled from 23 OECD countries for the years 1982 through 2000. In order to test causality relationship, Sims' causality test based on Granger definition of causality was used in our study. Our empirical results provide evidence that there are statistically significant positive relationship

  8. SUPPORTING SOLAR ENERGY DEVELOPMENT THROUGH GREEN POWER MARKETS Blair Swezey

    E-print Network

    Solar Installed Year Started Price Premium Commercial-scale PV Arizona Public Service Solar Partners 616SUPPORTING SOLAR ENERGY DEVELOPMENT THROUGH GREEN POWER MARKETS Blair Swezey Lori Bird Christy or from a competitive green power supplier. Solar power from both utility-scale and small, distributed

  9. World Metallurgical Complex Development and the Stock Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. PETROSIYAN

    2006-01-01

    The evolution of the world metallurgical complex in historical perspective is considered in the article. The factors of its slowing down and rising during different historical periods are pointed out. The role of the stock market as an instrument helping to attract funds in the industry even on the first stages of its development is analyzed. The author tracks the

  10. 76 FR 52057 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-19

    ...December 2009 are incorporated. The bedroom ratios developed using 2000 Census data continue...file used for the derivations of rent ratios is available at http://www.huduser...using 2000 Census data to establish rent ratios for areas with local bedroom-size...

  11. Teacher labor markets in developed countries.

    PubMed

    Ladd, Helen F

    2007-01-01

    Helen Ladd takes a comparative look at policies that the world's industrialized countries are using to assure a supply of high-quality teachers. Her survey puts U.S. educational policies and practices into international perspective. Ladd begins by examining teacher salaries-an obvious, but costly, policy tool. She finds, perhaps surprisingly, that students in countries with high teacher salaries do not in general perform better on international tests than those in countries with lower salaries. Ladd does find, however, that the share of underqualified teachers in a country is closely related to salary. In high-salary countries like Germany, Japan, and Korea, for example, only 4 percent of teachers are underqualified, as against more than 10 percent in the United States, where teacher salaries, Ladd notes, are low relative to those in other industrialized countries. Teacher shortages also appear to stem from policies that make salaries uniform across academic subject areas and across geographic regions. Shortages are especially common in math and science, in large cities, and in rural areas. Among the policy strategies proposed to deal with such shortages is to pay teachers different salaries according to their subject area. Many countries are also experimenting with financial incentive packages, including bonuses and loans, for teachers in specific subjects or geographic areas. Ladd notes that many developed countries are trying to attract teachers by providing alternative routes into teaching, often through special programs in traditional teacher training institutions and through adult education or distance learning programs. To reduce attrition among new teachers, many developed countries have also been using formal induction or mentoring programs as a way to improve new teachers' chances of success. Ladd highlights the need to look beyond a single policy, such as higher salaries, in favor of broad packages that address teacher preparation and certification, working conditions, the challenges facing new teachers, and the distribution of teachers across geographic areas. PMID:17407929

  12. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

    E-print Network

    : US Department of Health and Human Services; 2008. Use of trade names is for identification onlyU.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Inspection Manual U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban

  13. Development of deciduous and permanent dentitions in the upper jaw of the house shrew (Suncus murinus).

    PubMed

    Yamanaka, Atsushi; Yasui, Kinya; Sonomura, Takahiro; Iwai, Haruki; Uemura, Masanori

    2010-04-01

    The diphyodont tooth replacement in mammals is characterized by a single replacement of a deciduous dentition by a permanent dentition. Despite its significance in mammalian biology and paleontology, little is known about the developmental mechanisms regulating the diphyodont replacement. Because the mouse never replaces its teeth, this study used the house shrew, Suncus murinus, as a model to investigate the control of the diphyodont replacement of a deciduous dentition by successions and additions of permanent teeth. Using morphological and gene expression analyses of serial sections, we have demonstrated the development of the upper dentition of the house shrew. In this species, the deciduous tooth germs are formed but soon become vestigial, whereas the successional and accessional (molar) germs are subsequently formed and developed. There are distinct Shh expression domains in the deciduous, successional, and accessional tooth germs, and those of the latter two germs are identified from the appearance of their primary enamel knots. The developmental sequence of tooth germs in the house shrew indicates that two adjacent primary enamel knots of the successional and accessional germs do not develop simultaneously, but with a constant time lag. We suggest that this mode of tooth succession and accession can be explained by a sequential inhibitory cascade model in which the timing of initiation and the spacing of tooth development are determined by the inhibition from the primary enamel knots of developmentally preceding adjacent tooth germs. PMID:20303065

  14. Early focus development effort, ultrasonic inspection of fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hartmann, John K.; Hoskins, Brad R.; Karner, Paul

    1991-01-01

    An ultrasonic technique was developed for the fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline that will support the Flight 15 time frame and subsequent motors. The technique has the capability to detect a 1.0 inch diameter unbond with a 90 percent probability of detection (POD) at a 95 percent confidence level. The technique and support equipment will perform within the working envelope dictated by a stacked motor configuration.

  15. Design and development of an automatic small-scale house for teaching domotics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felipe Mateos; Víctor M. González; Reyes Poo; Marta García; Rosana Olaiz

    2001-01-01

    This paper presents the design and development characteristics of an automatic small-scale house (1:12). Several installations are controlled: seven light points, five plugs, heating in one room, technical alarms, intruder alarms, two garden irrigation areas, one blind and communications. The architecture of the centralised domotics system is based on a programmable logic controller Simatic S7-200, and on a tactile operator

  16. Quantifying eelgrass habitat loss in relation to housing development and nitrogen loading in Waquoit Bay, Massachusetts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederick T. Short; David M. Burdick

    1996-01-01

    Change analysis of eelgrass distribution in Waquoit Bay demonstrated a rapid decline of eelgrass habitat between 1987 and\\u000a 1992. Aerial photography and ground-truth assessments of eelgrass distribution in the Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research\\u000a Reserve documented progressive loss in eelgrass acreage and fragmentation of eelgrass beds that we relate to the degree of\\u000a housing development and associated nitrogen loading, largelyvia

  17. European unification, single markets, and product safety: The American experience with federal\\/state regulation of housing safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vincent M. Brannigan; Carol B. Meeks

    1991-01-01

    The integration of Europe into a single market is accompanied by debate over whether a unified market requires uniform product safety standards for consumer products. The experience in the United States is that a single unified market can be created despite a variety of state safety requirements for products. The market is “single” if all producers are able to satisfy

  18. The project to design and develop an energy-related program for public housing residents: Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-12-01

    This demonstration project studied how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilities indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

  19. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  20. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

  1. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  2. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  3. 24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000.42 Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

  4. Markets slow to develop for Niger delta gas reserves

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, D. [Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom)

    1995-11-27

    Nigeria produces a very high quality, light, sweet crude oil but with a large percentage of associated gas derived from a high gas-to-oil ratio. Official proved gas reserves, both associated and nonassociated, are 120 tcf. Proved and probable reserves are estimated as high as 300 tcf. The internal market for gas has only begun to develop since the 1980s, and as a result approximately 77% of associated gas production is flared. Domestic gas consumption is currently approximately 700 MMcfd and is projected to have a medium term potential of 1.450 bcfd. The article discusses resource development, gas markets, gas flaring, gas use programs, the Bonny LNG scheme, the gas reserve base, LNG project status, competition, and energy opportunities.

  5. A Secured Mobile Payment Model for Developing Markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bossi Masamila; Fredrick Mtenzi; Jafari Said; Rose Tinabo

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a The evolution of mobile payments continues to take place at the great speed with changing business models and technology schemes.\\u000a With the omnipresent availability of mobile phone and other mobile devices, mobile payment presents an investment opportunity\\u000a to developing markets. However, the success of mobile payment depends on the security of the underlying technology and the\\u000a associated business model. In

  6. The Stock Market Valuation of Research and Development Expenditures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louis K. C. Chan; Josef Lakonishok; Theodore Sougiannis

    2001-01-01

    We examine whether stock prices fully value firms' intangible assets, specifically research and development (R&D). Under current U.S. accounting standards, financial statements do not report intangible assets and R&D spending is expensed. Nonetheless, the average historical stock returns of firms doing R&D matches the returns of firms without R&D. However, the market is apparently too pessimistic about beaten-down R&D-intensive technology

  7. The household life cycle and housing choices

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin F. McCarthy

    1976-01-01

    The Housing Assistance Supply Experiment is designed to test the effects on local housing markets of a full-scale program of housing allowances for low-income households, A test is important because, unlike most housing assistance programs, this one is administered largely by its beneficiaries, operating through normal market channels. Within limits, a program participant is free to choose the type and

  8. 77 FR 27177 - Notice of Funds Availability; Inviting Applications for the Foreign Market Development Cooperator...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-09

    ...Inviting Applications for the Foreign Market Development Cooperator Program; Correction...and inviting applications for the Foreign Market Development (Cooperator) Program. The...dates. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mark Slupek, 202-720-4327....

  9. 7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...IN A DESIGNATED AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Research and Market Development § 925.45...

  10. 7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...IN A DESIGNATED AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Research and Market Development § 925.45...

  11. Seasonal variability in environmental tobacco smoke exposure in public housing developments.

    PubMed

    Arku, R E; Adamkiewicz, G; Vallarino, J; Spengler, J D; Levy, D E

    2015-02-01

    The risk of tobacco smoking and second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure combined are the leading contributors to disease burden in high-income countries. Recent studies and policies are focusing on reducing exposure to SHS in multiunit housing (MUH), especially public housing. We examined seasonal patterns of SHS levels within indoor common areas located on Boston Housing Authority (BHA) properties. We measured weekly integrated and continuous fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and passive airborne nicotine in six buildings of varying building and occupant characteristics in summer 2012 and winter 2013. The average weekly indoor PM2.5 concentration across all six developments was 9.2 ?g/m3, higher during winter monitoring period (10.3 ?g/m3) compared with summer (8.0 ?g/m3). Airborne nicotine concentrations ranged from no detection to about 5000 ng/m3 (mean 311 ng/m3). Nicotine levels were significantly higher in the winter compared with summer (620 vs. 85 ng/m3; 95% CI: 72-998). Smoking-related exposures within Boston public housing vary by season, building types, and resident smoking policy. Our results represent exposure disparities that may contribute to health disparities in low-income communities and highlight the potential importance of efforts to mitigate SHS exposures during winter when outdoor-indoor exchange rates are low and smokers may tend to stay indoors. Our findings support the use of smoke-free policy as an effective tool to eliminate SHS exposure and protect non-smokers, especially residents of MUH. PMID:24750252

  12. Road development, housing growth, and landscape fragmentation in northern Wisconsin: 1937-1999.

    PubMed

    Hawbaker, Todd J; Radeloff, Volker C; Clayton, Murray K; Hammer, Roger B; Gonzalez-Abraham, Charlotte E

    2006-06-01

    Roads remove habitat, alter adjacent areas, and interrupt and redirect ecological flows. They subdivide wildlife populations, foster invasive species spread, change the hydrologic network, and increase human use of adjacent areas. At broad scales, these impacts cumulate and define landscape patterns. The goal of this study was to improve our understanding of the dynamics of road networks over time, and their effects on landscape patterns, and identify significant relationships between road changes and other land-use changes. We mapped roads from aerial photographs from five dates between 1937 and 1999 in 17 townships in predominantly forested landscapes in northern Wisconsin, U.S.A. Patch-level landscape metrics were calculated on terrestrial area outside of a 15-m road-effect zone. We used generalized least-squares regression models to relate changes in road density and landscape pattern to concurrent changes in housing density. Rates of change and relationships were compared among three ecological regions. Our results showed substantial increases in both road density and landscape fragmentation during the study period. Road density more than doubled, and median, mean, and largest patch size were reduced by a factor of four, while patch shape became more regular. Increases in road density varied significantly among ecological subsections and were positively related to increases in housing density. Fragmentation was largely driven by increases in road density, but housing density had a significantly positive relationship with largest patch area and patch shape. Without protection of roadless areas, our results suggest road development is likely to continue in the future, even in areas where road construction is constrained by the physical environment. Recognizing the dynamic nature of road networks is important for understanding and predicting their ecological impacts over time and understanding where other types of development are likely to occur in the future. Historical perspectives of development can provide guidance in prioritizing management efforts to defragment landscapes and mitigate the ecological impacts of past road development. PMID:16827014

  13. The Effect of Internet Security Breach Announcements on Market Value: Capital Market Reactions for Breached Firms and Internet Security Developers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huseyin Cavusoglu; Birendra Mishra; Srinivasan Raghunathan

    Assessing the value of information technology (IT) security is challenging because of the difficulty of measuring the cost of security breaches. An event-study analysis, using market valuations, was used to assess the impact of security breaches on the market value of breached firms. The information-transfer effect of security breaches (i.e., their effect on the market value of firms that develop

  14. World Development Report 2002: Building Institutions for Markets

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    World Bank.

    A carefully weighted, well-conceived document, the World Bankâ??s World Development Report 2002 (last mentioned in the October 5, 2000 Scout Report) discusses the viable options available to developing nations attempting to open their markets to the world and thereby better the circumstances of their peoples. Honestly recognizing that free market economies are not one-size-fits-all, the report encourages policy builders and analysts to carefully consider the specific circumstances and histories of their countries as they add to infrastructure. A primary focus of the report is on individual institutions and their positive potential in serving in a nationwide system of checks and balances, ones which can greatly extend the interests of the people. Here, the reports insists, policy makers must look to establish institutions and organizations that are right for given populations at a given place and time. Ultimately, therefore, the report calls on those responsible for true nation building to look to the welfare of their own people, especially as they seek to move their nations into an increasingly voracious global market.

  15. Market development directory for solar industrial process heat systems

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1980-02-01

    The purpose of this directory is to provide a basis for market development activities through a location listing of key trade associations, trade periodicals, and key firms for three target groups. Potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers were identified as the prime targets for market development activities. The bulk of the directory is a listing of these two groups. The third group, solar IPH equipment manufacturers, was included to provide an information source for potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers. Trade associates and their publications are listed for selected four-digit Standard Industrial Code (SIC) industries. Since industries requiring relatively lower temperature process heat probably will comprise most of the near-term market for solar IPH systems, the 80 SIC's included in this chapter have process temperature requirements less than 350/sup 0/F. Some key statistics and a location list of the largest plants (according to number of employees) in each state are included for 15 of the 80 SIC's. Architectural/engineering and consulting firms are listed which are known to have solar experience. Professional associated and periodicals to which information on solar IPH sytstems may be directed also are included. Solar equipment manufacturers and their associations are listed. The listing is based on the SERI Solar Energy Information Data Base (SEIDB).

  16. Development and marketing of a prosthetic urinary control valve system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tenney, J. B., Jr.; Rabinowitz, R.; Rogers, D. W.; Harrison, H. N.

    1983-01-01

    An implantable prosthetic for the control of urinary incontinence was developed and marketed. Three phases are presented: bench development studies, animal trials, and human clinical trials. This work was performed under the direction of a Research Team at Rochester General Hospital (RGH). Bench trials were completed on prototype hardware and provided early verification of the device's ability to withstand repeated cyclic testing. Configurational variants were evaluated and a preferred design concept was established. Silicone rubber (medical grade) was selected as the preferred material for the prosthesis.

  17. Opportunities and issues in international photovoltaic market development

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, R.; Arent, D.; Baldwin, S. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [and others

    1996-05-01

    The confluence of technology development and market readiness is opening up major business opportunities for photovoltaic (PV) systems throughout the developing world. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Sandia National Laboratories in Abuquerque (Sandia), working on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy, have launched pilot projects in several countries throughout the world over the past 3 years. The focus of these pilot projects has been the development of in-country institutional capabilities necessary to deliver the promise of PV electricity to the rural populations. In addition to country-specific activities, NREL is conducting several technology, information, and partnership projects focused on further accelerating the education, training, business, and technology developments necessary to bridge the gap between promise and reality. This paper summarizes these efforts.

  18. Opportunities and issues in international photovoltaic market development

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, R.; Arent, D.; Baldwin, S. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [and others

    1996-09-01

    The confluence of technology development and market readiness is opening up major business opportunities for photovoltaic (PV) systems throughout the developing world. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque (Sandia), working on behalf of the US Department of Energy, have launched pilot projects in several countries throughout the world over the past 3 years. The focus of these pilot projects has been the development of in-country institutional capabilities necessary to deliver the promise of PV electricity to the rural populations. In addition to country-specific activities, NREL is conducting several technology, information, and partnership projects focused on further accelerating the education, training, business, and technology developments necessary to bridge the gap between promise and reality. This paper summarizes these efforts.

  19. Intentionally developed business network for mobile marketing: a case study from Finland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jari Salo; Jaakko Sinisalo; Heikki Karjaluoto

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to investigate an intentionally developed business network (IDBN) for mobile marketing (m-marketing). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The IDBN for m-marketing is studied in the light of a literature review of m-marketing and IDBNs. In addition to this, a case study has been conducted. Findings – It was found that in m-marketing there are several

  20. Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss.

    PubMed

    Syphard, Alexandra D; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E

    2013-01-01

    Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

  1. The role of marketing in pharmaceutical research and development.

    PubMed

    Calfee, John E

    2002-01-01

    Pharmaceutical marketing, which is primarily targeted at physicians, has been criticised because it may distort physician prescribing and thus potentially raise costs and/or worsen health. An alternative view, presented in this paper, is that successful marketing of pharmaceuticals can improve consumer welfare by increasing incentives for research and development (R&D) investment and by providing guidance to R&D to make it more consistent with consumer preferences. There are a number of arguments that support this view, despite impediments to pharmaceutical marketing such as the prohibited dissemination of off-label information in the US, difficulties in estimating potential pharmaceutical demand, and the long time lag between demand assessment and the introduction of new drugs. For example, physicians are often slow to modify their prescribing practices, even when new evidence-based practice guidelines are issued by prestigious organisations. Pharmaceutical promotion is likely to be particularly valuable because information plays a key role, is highly technical, and can change rapidly. Even consumer advertising can potentially improve health, for example, by improving patient compliance with drug therapy. In addition to disseminating information about the benefits of new therapies, an essential (and perhaps unique) role for pharmaceutical promotion is to encourage physicians and payers to pay closer attention to consumer needs (i.e. willingness to pay) for new medical technology. Moreover, successful marketing of pharmaceuticals increases the returns from R&D, thus increasing incentives to explore consumer demand and to contribute to basic research on the role of drug therapy. Consumer benefits from this process may be very large. PMID:12457428

  2. Tenure in transition : case of the LSM Cooperative Housing Estate, Lublin, Poland

    E-print Network

    Kumar, Sanjay M

    1992-01-01

    This thesis explores various tenure models as a means to understand development in transition. The emergence of new markets, aspirations, needs and varied agendas of the actors in the LSM Cooperative Housing Estate in ...

  3. Global and Local Approaches Describing Critical Phenomena on the Developing and Developed Financial Markets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grech, Dariusz

    We define and confront global and local methods to analyze the financial crash-like events on the financial markets from the critical phenomena point of view. These methods are based respectively on the analysis of log-periodicity and on the local fractal properties of financial time series in the vicinity of phase transitions (crashes). The log-periodicity analysis is made in a daily time horizon, for the whole history (1991-2008) of Warsaw Stock Exchange Index (WIG) connected with the largest developing financial market in Europe. We find that crash-like events on the Polish financial market are described better by the log-divergent price model decorated with log-periodic behavior than by the power-law-divergent price model usually discussed in log-periodic scenarios for developed markets. Predictions coming from log-periodicity scenario are verified for all main crashes that took place in WIG history. It is argued that crash predictions within log-periodicity model strongly depend on the amount of data taken to make a fit and therefore are likely to contain huge inaccuracies. Next, this global analysis is confronted with the local fractal description. To do so, we provide calculation of the so-called local (time dependent) Hurst exponent H loc for the WIG time series and for main US stock market indices like DJIA and S&P 500. We point out dependence between the behavior of the local fractal properties of financial time series and the crashes appearance on the financial markets. We conclude that local fractal method seems to work better than the global approach - both for developing and developed markets. The very recent situation on the market, particularly related to the Fed intervention in September 2007 and the situation immediately afterwards is also analyzed within fractal approach. It is shown in this context how the financial market evolves through different phases of fractional Brownian motion. Finally, the current situation on American market is analyzed in fractal language. This is to show how far we still are from the end of recession and from the beginning of a new boom on US financial market or on other world leading stocks.

  4. Development of design & technology package for cost effective housing in Gujrat

    E-print Network

    Chaudhry, Rajive

    1996-01-01

    Purpose: Improve quality of life in rural areas through intervention of infrastructure and housing improvement. Provide methods of building better and cost-effective houses at a quicker pace. Devise strategies of withdrawing ...

  5. Passive solar in the city : an energy conscious design for subsidized multi-family housing development

    E-print Network

    Duncan, Karen M

    1981-01-01

    Until now, passive solar energy has been overlooked as a viable alternative for home heating in urban subsidized housing. Rather ironically, in housing whose residents could most benefit from the use of solar energy, such ...

  6. Rationalizing urban land utilization : guidelines for housing developments in greater Khartoum, Sudan

    E-print Network

    Hamid, Gamal Mahmoud

    1986-01-01

    The housing crisis in Greater Khartoum manifests itself in a very high demand for housing and a deficient supply mechanism. This unsatisfied demand is reflected in high rents and land prices, high occupancy rates, and ...

  7. A Subdivision of the Real Estate Markets: What Does the Commercial Real Estate Sector Have that the Housing Market Doesn't?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roxanne L Tehranian

    2012-01-01

    The United States real estate bubble that burst in 2007 has taken the title of the ‘greatest asset bubble’ in the world. ‘Greatest’ however takes on the many meaning of the word in describing this bubble. In the years that the bubble was growing, house prices were continually on the rise and the word ‘great’ couldn’t have better described the

  8. Housing of the Rural Elderly. Rural Development Research Report Number 42.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnold, Gail D.

    Based on the 1979 Annual Housing Survey, the elderly--especially the rural elderly--are more likely than other groups to live in inadequate housing. Housing was defined as inadequate if it had one or more of the following flaws: incomplete plumbing facilities, incomplete kitchen facilities, leaking roof, holes in walls or ceilings, and exposed…

  9. 24 CFR 982.619 - Cooperative housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Cooperative §...

  10. 7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market...

  11. 7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market...

  12. The globalization of developing-nation real estate markets : a current perspective

    E-print Network

    Chester, Kevin Knai, 1968-

    2004-01-01

    To examine today's state of developing nation real estate markets is to gain insight into the evolutionary process of a new market in today's world. Real estate represents a considerable percentage of the wealth of individual ...

  13. Project to design and develop an energy-related program: For public housing residents and renters: Volume 1, Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-05-01

    This demonstration project was undertaken as a result of an unsolicited proposal submitted by THE ASSIGNMENT GROUP (TAG) to the Office of Minority Economic Impact, Department of Energy (DOE). The problem to which the proposal responded was how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The size and gravity of the problem necessitated a purpose or aim that had nationwide application, yet lent itself to a microscopic look. Consequently, the goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilitates indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

  14. Public market development strategy : making the improbable possible

    E-print Network

    Zade, Joshua Charles

    2009-01-01

    Public markets were once central components of the urban food system in American cities, but declined in number and importance by the middle of the 20th century. Despite a diminished role in feeding the city, public markets ...

  15. Marketing policy for developing countries: the case for Uganda 

    E-print Network

    Bazaala, Nalumansi Mariam

    1993-01-01

    the traditional system, an appropriate production and marketing policy needs to be put in place, if Uganda is going to compete in the international market. The problems inherent in the produce trade and the difficulty of finding export markets for some...

  16. Developing Pedagogical Competence: Issues and Implications for Marketing Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madhavaram, Sreedhar; Laverie, Debra A.

    2010-01-01

    Competence in pedagogy and research is the sine qua non of marketing educators' careers. However, there is evidence in the literature that marketing academics focus "more on" and "are more competent" in research than teaching. This imbalance, in a majority of instances, can be traced back to doctoral education. Doctoral programs in marketing are…

  17. A development and integration analysis of commercial and in-house control subsystems

    SciTech Connect

    Moore, D.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Dalesio, L.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

    1998-12-31

    The acquisition and integration of commercial automation and control subsystems in physics research is becoming more common. It is presumed these systems present lower risk and less cost. This paper studies four subsystems used in the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) resonance-control cooling subsystem (RCCS), the high-power RF subsystem and the RFQ vacuum subsystem were outsourced; the low-level RF (LLRF) subsystem was developed in-house. Based on the authors experience a careful evaluation of the costs and risks in acquisition, implementation, integration, and maintenance associated with these approaches is given.

  18. Progress in the development of specific immunotherapies for house dust mite allergies.

    PubMed

    Moingeon, Philippe

    2014-12-01

    Allergen-specific immunotherapy is used to treat patients exposed and co-sensitized to the two common house dust mites, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae. Based on seroepidemiological studies and a detailed characterization of mite allergens, an optimal immunotherapeutic product should associate extracts from the two Dermatophagoides species, and include both bodies and fecal particles. Both subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapies performed with aqueous mite extracts are safe and efficacious in children and adults with mite-induced rhinitis and/or asthma. Double-blind placebo-controlled studies are conducted to further document the efficacy of immunotherapeutic products, with promising results that were obtained already with sublingual tablets. Current developments of second-generation products relying upon recombinant allergens and peptides are reviewed. PMID:25187166

  19. Bringing Researchers and Community Developers Together to Revitalize a Public Housing Project and Improve Health

    PubMed Central

    LeWinn, Kaja Z.; Hutson, Malo A.; Dare, Ramie; Falk, Janet

    2014-01-01

    Billions of dollars are invested annually to improve low-income neighborhoods, the health impacts of which are rarely studied prospectively. University of California researchers and Mercy Housing/The Related Companies formed a “Learning Community” with the dual goals of examining the health impacts of a large-scale San Francisco redevelopment project and informing the development team of best public health practices. Early experiences highlight challenges and opportunities, including differences in stakeholders, incentives, and funding, the strengths of local partnerships, and fresh insights from new analytic tools and perspectives. Research suggests interventions that ameliorate upstream causes of poor health would save health care dollars, but policy makers must incentivize collaboration in order to spread a Learning Community model. PMID:22068398

  20. The Strategic Exercise of Options: Development Cascades and Overbuilding in Real Estate Markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven R Grenadier

    1996-01-01

    This article develops an equilibrium framework for strategic option exercise games. The author focuses on a particular example: the timing of real estate development. An analysis of the equilibrium exercise policies of developers provides insights into the forces that shape market behavior. The model isolates the factors that make some markets prone to bursts of concentrated development. The model also

  1. The Winners in China’s Urban Housing Reform

    PubMed Central

    Logan, John R.; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

    2013-01-01

    Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China’s transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation. PMID:24163494

  2. A Systematic Framework for the Analysis and Development of Financial Market Monitoring Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Diaz; Mohamed Zaki; Babis Theodoulidis; Pedro Sampaio

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, a systematic framework of market monitoring is introduced. The paper discusses the need for the development of systematic approaches to market monitoring and reviews existing work. Furthermore, the paper articulates the current and potential characteristics of market monitoring systems, their components, information management flows and their interactions. The proposed framework is exemplified using an insider trading manipulation

  3. Rich doctors and poor patients: Market failure and health care systems in developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. N. Ghosh

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that, in developing countries, health care systems (HCS) have been facing the problem of market failure, implying that the fair rules of market principles do not apply and patients often become losers. Explaining the theoretical issues involved, the article examines various causes of market failures in HCS, including: rent-seeking activities by doctors, asymmetric information between doctors and

  4. MARKETING GRADUATE ASSISTANT Georgia Southern University

    E-print Network

    Hutcheon, James M.

    MARKETING GRADUATE ASSISTANT Georgia Southern University Department of University Housing Job Analysis General Description: The Marketing Graduate Assistant is a University Housing staff member who is enrolled in a Georgia Southern University graduate program. The Marketing Graduate Assistant provides vital

  5. Pathophysiological Features of Asthma Develop in Parallel in House Dust Mite–Exposed Neonatal Mice

    PubMed Central

    Saglani, Sejal; Mathie, Sara A.; Gregory, Lisa G.; Bell, Matthew J.; Bush, Andrew; Lloyd, Clare M.

    2012-01-01

    Asthma frequently commences in early life during airway and immune development and exposure to new environmental challenges. Endobronchial biopsies from children with asthma are abnormal, and lung function is maximally reduced by 6 years of age. As longitudinal biopsy studies are unethical in children, the relationship between development of pathology and reduced lung function is unknown. We aimed to establish a novel neonatal mouse model of allergic airways disease to investigate the developmental sequence of the pathophysiologic features of asthma. Neonatal Balb/c mice were challenged three times weekly from Day 3 of life using intranasal house dust mite (HDM) or saline for up to 12 weeks. Weekly assessments of airway inflammation and remodeling were made. Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) to methacholine was assessed from Week 2 onward. Total and eosinophilic inflammation was significantly increased in the lungs of HDM-exposed neonates from Week 2 onwards, and a peak was seen at 3 weeks. Goblet cells and peribronchiolar reticulin deposition were significantly increased in HDM-exposed neonates from Week 3, and peribronchiolar collagen was significantly greater from Week 4. HDM-exposed neonates had increased AHR from Week 2 onward. Although inflammation and AHR had subsided after 4 weeks without allergen challenge, the increased reticulin and collagen deposition persisted in HDM-exposed mice. Neonatal mice exposed to intranasal HDM developed eosinophilic inflammation, airway remodeling, and AHR as reported in pediatric asthma. Importantly, all abnormalities developed in parallel, not sequentially, between 2 and 3 weeks of age. PMID:19151316

  6. 24 CFR 982.606 - Congregate housing: Who may reside in congregate housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Congregate...

  7. 24 CFR 982.608 - Congregate housing: Voucher housing assistance payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Congregate...

  8. Joint Venture Marketing Training: Development Marketing Plans Utilizing Foreign and American Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steele, David; Jones, Kevin

    This paper describes a workshop prepared and presented by the Business Administration Department of the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, that is designed to provide training in evaluating a European market for an American product and preparing a plan for marketing the product in Europe. It is noted that the program can work with both students…

  9. School Principals as Marketing Managers: The Expanding Role of Marketing for School Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anast-May, Linda; Mitchell, Mark; Buckner, Barbara Chesler; Elsberry, Cindy

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relative importance that school principals attach to aspects of their role as marketing managers for their schools and their relative satisfaction with their efforts to date. The study included 60 principals from two school districts. Findings suggest that principals are aware of the importance of marketing in today's…

  10. The Baby Boom, Housing and Loanable Funds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joyce Manchester

    1989-01-01

    This paper examines baby boom effects in a simple three-period overlapping generations model in which equilibrium must be maintained in the housing market, as well as in the loanable funds market. All agents must buy a house financed by an adjustable-rate mortgage in the first period. Expectations regarding the path of interest rates and the price of housing play a

  11. Impacts of short-term food restriction on immune development in altricial house sparrow nestlings *.

    PubMed

    Killpack, Tess L; Carrel, Elijah; Karasov, William H

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Food limitation is a common ecological scenario for nestling altricial birds, and reductions in growth and maintenance have been observed in resource-limited nestlings. Substantial development of the immune system occurs during the nestling period, yet the resource dependence of this immune development is understudied. We examined constitutive immune system development as well as acute-phase responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection after 48 h of food restriction in house sparrows at 7 and 13 d posthatch. We also examined nestlings that were restricted early (5-7 d) but refed and tested at 13 d posthatch to determine whether altered immune function and growth early in the nestling period were recovered upon return to adequate resource supply. Induced acute-phase protein response was reduced in food-restricted birds, yet no lasting reductions in acute-phase protein levels were observed in previously restricted nestlings that were challenged with LPS after refeeding. Food restriction did not significantly impact constitutive levels of complement-mediated lysis or circulating IgY antibodies. As a comparator to immune measures, we found that organ and tarsus size, as well as muscle size and citrate synthase enzyme activity (an index of muscle cellular aerobic capacity), were significantly reduced in food-restricted nestlings. Reductions in flight muscle mass and function persisted in birds refed after early food restriction, which may have contributed to persistent body temperature reductions observed in refed birds. PMID:25730274

  12. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT WASHINGTON. DC 204W-2(10(

    E-print Network

    Latiolais, M. Paul

    Expires: Effective until Amended, Superseded, or Rescinded Subject: Service Animals and Assistance Animals and Local Government Services, Final Rule, 75 Fed. Reg. 56164 (Sept. 15, 2010) (codified at 28 C.F.R. part agencies and state and local government provided housing, including housing at state universities and other

  13. Affordable housing

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

  14. Funding Opportunities for Social Work Doctoral Students through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grinstein-Weiss, Michal

    2006-01-01

    This article introduces the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as a potential funding source for social work doctoral students. HUD's two doctoral research grant programs (i.e., the Early Doctoral Students Research Grant and the Doctoral Dissertation Research Grant) are nontraditional, largely untapped funding sources for social…

  15. Homelessness as one component of housing instability and its impact on the development of children in poverty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cathryne L. Schmitz; Janet D. Wagner; Edna M. Menke

    1995-01-01

    The number of families with children living in poverty and experiencing housing instability and homelessness has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Current public policy decisions will lead to further increases. Understanding the impact of this instability on the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive development of children is imperative. Few studies critically examine the effects of instability on both domiciled

  16. NOTE: An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

    2010-02-01

    The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy-1 can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min-1) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37° C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding ±30° C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations.

  17. Falmer Sports Falmer House

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    Slope 5 Kent House 8 Kulukundis House 9 Lancaster House 7 Lewes Court 2 Business, Management History and Philosophy F Fulton 30 Genome Centre 48 Hastings 34 Health Centre 6 Institute of Development Institute 22 Thermo-Fluid Mechanics Research Centre (TFMRC) 40 Trafford Centre 38 Visitors' car park VP

  18. Markets versus institutions in developing countries: National attributes as determinants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raj Aggarwal; John W. Goodell

    2009-01-01

    While there is some discussion of national preferences for banking versus financial markets, there is little research on how national financing preferences are determined by legal, cultural, and other national characteristics. Using panel analysis on data for a recent eight-year period for sixteen emerging-economies, this paper documents that, in such countries, an increased predilection for equity markets is associated with

  19. Machiavellian marketing: The development of corporate lobbying in the UK

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Phil Harris; Andrew Lock

    1996-01-01

    Political lobbying by business has grown considerably in recent years. This paper considers its relationship with marketing communication and marketing. Niccolo Machiavelli, in “The Prince”, gives a practical treatise on how to use power and the influences upon the ruler. It is argued that the role of the political lobbyist and corporate campaigner is a modem reflection of Machiavelli's ideas.

  20. A Framework for Curriculum Development in Marketing Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everett, Donna R.

    This book is designed to show marketing education teachers how Missouri's Show-Me Knowledge and Performance Standards can be reflected in the Marketing Education Framework. It is organized to present each of the nine competency strands (instructional units) by learner outcome and competencies. The instructional units are as follows: communications…

  1. Neonatal Exposure to Pneumococcal Phosphorylcholine Modulates the Development of House Dust Mite Allergy during Adult Life.

    PubMed

    Patel, Preeyam S; Kearney, John F

    2015-06-15

    Currently, ?20% of the global population suffers from an allergic disorder. Allergies and asthma occur at higher rates in developed and industrialized countries. It is clear that many human atopic diseases are initiated neonatally and herald more severe IgE-mediated disorders, including allergic asthma, which is driven by the priming of Th2 effector T cells. The hygiene hypothesis attempts to link the increased excessively sanitary conditions early in life to a default Th2 response and increasing allergic phenomena. Despite the substantial involvement of IgE Abs in such conditions, little attention has been paid to the effects of early microbial exposure on the B cell repertoire prior to the initiation of these diseases. In this study, we use Ab-binding assays to demonstrate that Streptococcus pneumoniae and house dust mite (HDM) bear similar phosphorylcholine (PC) epitopes. Neonatal C57BL/6 mice immunized with a PC-bearing pneumococcal vaccine expressed increased frequencies of PC-specific B cells in the lungs following sensitizing exposure to HDM as adults. Anti-PC IgM Abs in the lung decreased the interaction of HDM with pulmonary APCs and were affiliated with lowered allergy-associated cell infiltration into the lung, IgE production, development of airway hyperresponsiveness, and Th2 T cell priming. Thus, exposure of neonatal mice to PC-bearing pneumococci significantly reduced the development of HDM-induced allergic disease during adult life. Our findings demonstrate that B cells generated against conserved epitopes expressed by bacteria, encountered early in life, are also protective against the development of allergic disease during adult life. PMID:25957171

  2. The Development of Advertising and Marketing Education: The First 75 Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Applegate, Edd

    2008-01-01

    Advertising and marketing education in colleges began in 1893, when Joseph Johnson of the University of Pennsylvania developed a curriculum in journalism that included information about advertising. Other universities developed curricula in journalism that included advertising in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Courses in marketing were offered in…

  3. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  4. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  5. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  6. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  7. 24 CFR 906.24 - Protections available to non-purchasing residents of housing other than public housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.24 Protections...residents of housing other than public housing. Residents...

  8. Development and analysis of a sustainable, low energy house in a hot and humid climate 

    E-print Network

    Chulsukon, Pattarayut

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the lifetime building energy consumption of a typical house in Bangkok, Thailand. The lifetime building energy consumption is composed of three major components: 1) the energy used during building construction (embodied energy...

  9. 7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA...and processing, marketing, distribution, and consumption of cherries subject to this part. The expense of such projects...

  10. 7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWEET CHERRIES GROWN IN DESIGNATED COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating...or promote the marketing, distribution, and consumption of cherries. The expense of such projects shall be paid from funds...

  11. 7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA...and processing, marketing, distribution, and consumption of cherries subject to this part. The expense of such projects...

  12. 7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA...and processing, marketing, distribution, and consumption of cherries subject to this part. The expense of such projects...

  13. Housing Tenure Choice in Transitional Urban China: A Multilevel Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Youqin Huang; William A. V. Clark

    2002-01-01

    Summary. Using a 1996 national survey of housing in China and a multilevel modelling technique, we examine housing tenure choice in transitional urban China where households have been granted limited freedom of choice in the housing market since the housing reforms of 1988. We é nd that both market mechanisms and institutional forces affect households' tenure choice in urban China.

  14. The photovoltaic market analysis program : background, model development, applications and extensions

    E-print Network

    Lilien, Gary L.

    1981-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to describe and motivate the market analysis program for photovoltaics that has developed over the last several years. The main objective of the program is to develop tools and procedures to ...

  15. Business development strategies used by general contracting construction companies in Texas for market diversification 

    E-print Network

    Kurien, Seenu Anna

    2004-09-30

    and business development comes into play. This thesis addresses the different business development strategies used by general contracting construction companies in Texas for market diversification. Initially, a framework is established for this study through...

  16. 24 CFR 884.106 - Housing assistance payments to owners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.106 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  17. Are developed and emerging agricultural futures markets multifractal? A comparative perspective

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Ling-Yun; Chen, Shu-Peng

    2010-09-01

    Although there are many reports on the empirical evidence of the existence of multifractality in various financial or commodity markets in current literature, few can be found to compare the multifractal properties of emerging and developed economies, especially for agricultural futures markets in those countries (regions). We therefore chose China as the representative of the transition and emerging economies, and USA as the representative of developed ones. We attempt to find the answers to the following questions: (1) Are all those different markets multifractal? (2) What are the dynamical causes for multifractality in those markets (if any)? (3) Are the multifractality strengths in those markets of the transition and emerging economies weaker (or stronger) than those of the developed ones? To answer these questions, Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MF-DFA) are applied to study some of the representative agricultural futures markets in China and USA, namely, wheat, soy meal, soybean and corn. Our results suggest that all the markets of China and USA exhibit multifractal properties except US soybean market, which is much closer to mono-fractal comparing with China’s soybean market. To investigate the sources of multifractality, shuffling and phase randomization procedures are applied to destroy the temporal correlations and non-Gaussian distributions respectively. We found that multifractality can be mainly attributed to the non-Gaussian probability distribution and secondarily to the nonlinear temporal correlation mechanism for all the markets, except US soybean and soy meal, which derives from some other unknown factors. Furthermore, the average of ?(q) are applied to obtain the multifractal spectra of the two markets as a whole. The results show that the width of the multifractal spectrum of US agricultural futures markets is significantly narrower than that of China’s. Based on our findings, we proposed a hypothesis that the strength of multifractality in developed economies may be weaker than that in emerging and transition ones.

  18. The relationship between stock markets of major developed countries and Asian emerging markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wing-keung Wong; Jack H. W. Penm; Richard Deane Terrell; Karen Yann Ching Lim

    2004-01-01

    With the emergence of new capital markets and liberalization of stock mar- kets in recent years, there has been an increase in investors' interest in international diversification. This is so because international diversification allows investors to have a larger basket of foreign securities to choose from as part of their portfolio assets, so as to enhance the reward-to-volatility ratio. This

  19. 24 CFR 982.607 - Congregate housing: Lease and HAP contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Congregate Housing § 982.607 Congregate housing: Lease and HAP...

  20. Cities and Carbon Market Finance: Taking Stock of Cities' Experience With Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christa Clapp; Alexia Leseur; Oliver Sartor; Gregory Briner; Jan Corfee-Morlot

    2010-01-01

    The importance of cities in climate policy stems from the simple reality that they house the majority of the world’s population, two-thirds of world energy use and over 70% of global energy use emissions. At the international level, global carbon markets have become an important new source of financing for mitigation projects and programmes. Yet to date, the participation of

  1. The Power of Positional Competition and Market Mechanism: A Case Study of Recent Parental Choice Development in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Xiaoxin

    2008-01-01

    The positional competition reflected in the current parental choice fever in China is highlighted by the introduction of market mechanisms: buying houses near preferred schools, paying choice fees or co-founding fees, giving donations and spending money on spare time training classes, etc. All of these work effectively together with the…

  2. Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development 2009/10-2011/12 Service Plan Update

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development's overarching purpose is to position British Columbia to meet the competitive challenges of the twenty-first century through better aligning labour market supply and demand. In the six months since the Ministry issued its February 2009 service plan and the subsequent re-election of…

  3. Development of Marketing Strategy for Korean Online Game Industry Using a Two-Level SOM

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sang Chul Lee; Jae Kyeong Kim; Yung Ho Suh

    Since the early 2000's, the online games have been recognized as a major profit model within E- commerce and have been developed into the core of the world cultural industries. However, online game industry has encountered higher competition in global market. To survive successfully in today's competitive online game markets, they need to determine who the target customers are and

  4. Public Marketing: An Alternative Policy Decision-Making Idea for Small Cities. Community Development Research Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyers, James; And Others

    The concept of public marketing presents a strategy for the systems approach to community development that would facilitate the community decision making process via improved communication. Basic aspects of the social marketing process include: (1) product policy; (2) channels of distribution; (3) pricing (perceived price vs quality and quantity…

  5. Broadening Student Perspectives on Marketing Research Ethics: Development and Applications of a Teaching Module

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Handlin, Amy

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes an ethics module developed by the author to engage marketing research students during the fall semester, when they are bombarded by political polls. The module matches ethically questionable polling practices to similarly troubling practices in marketing research. The goals are to show that ethical principles are not topic- or…

  6. Energy-efficiency design and inspection guides for affordable housing construction

    SciTech Connect

    Ternes, M.P.; Livengood, S.E.; Wendt, R.L.

    1997-12-01

    This paper focuses on the general methods used in guides developed for the energy efficient design and inspection of new and revitalized housing projects for military family housing. The methods and guides can also benefit the wider market of public and other housing. Inspections performed on military and public housing units were used to identify energy deficiencies. The most common problems found were related to disconnected and deteriorated forced air distribution duct work and poor system design resulting in significant air leakage. Design and inspection guides are summarized for new construction and revitalization projects. 7 refs., 7 figs.

  7. The Challenge of Assessing Creative Problem Solving in Client-Based Marketing Development Projects: A SOLO Taxonomy Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaskari, Minna-Maarit

    2013-01-01

    Creativity and marketing imagination are essential core competencies for marketers. Therefore, higher marketing education emphasizes creativity in several ways. However, assessing creativity and creative problem solving is challenging and tools for this purpose have not been developed in the context of marketing education. To address this gap, we…

  8. Using open source data in developing competitive and marketing intelligence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Craig S. Fleisher

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The paper seeks to show how the increasingly popular use of data and information acquired from open sources (OS) impacts competitive and marketing intelligence (C\\/MI). It describes the current state of the art in analysis efforts of open source intelligence (OSINT) in business\\/commercial enterprises, examines the planning and execution challenges organizations are experiencing associated with effectively using and

  9. Toward the development of marketing strategies for food safety attributes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anya M. McGuirk; Warren P. Preston; Amy McCormick

    1990-01-01

    Groups of consumers reporting similar food safety concerns and shopping behaviors are identified using cluster analysis. The demographic characteristics of three distinct groups of consumers are described. The results suggest that the potential market for foods emphasizing safety attributes is large. However, significant differences in perceptions and reactions regarding food safety hazards are found. These differences are used to derive

  10. Role of Clearing Corporation in Indian financial market development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Golak C. Nath

    2008-01-01

    The Clearing Corporation of India (CCIL) was set up with the prime objective to improve efficiency in the transaction settlement process, insulate the financial system from shocks emanating from operations related issues, and to undertake other related activities that would help to broaden and deepen the Money, Gilts and Forex markets in India. The role of CCIL is unique as

  11. Industrial robots in Europe - market, applications and developments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schraft, R. D.

    1975-01-01

    Different companies involving a wide range of products and manufacturing processes were studied to define the requirements for industrial robots. A survey of all such automatic units offered on the world market was made to establish a data base. Principal applications include coating, spot welding, and loading and unloading operations.

  12. Developing Social Marketing Capacity to Address Health Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitelaw, S.; Smart, E.; Kopela, J.; Gibson, T.; King, V.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Social marketing is increasingly being seen as a potentially effective means of pursuing health education practice generally and within various specific areas such as mental health and wellbeing and more broadly in tackling health inequalities. This paper aims to report and reflect on the authors' experiences of undertaking a health…

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF VOCALISATIONS IN NESTLING AND FLEDGLING HOUSE WRENS IN NATURAL POPULATIONS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MALA H. SAWHNEY; MYRON C. BAKER; BRADLEY R. BISBEE

    2006-01-01

    We conducted a field study of the ontogeny of vocal signals in the house wren Troglodytes aedon during the nestling and fledgling phases of life. We did spectrographic analyses and quantification of the developmental changes that occurred in the acoustic features of the vocalisations. Evidence of progress to adult-like vocal patterns was of two types. First, nestling calls changed into

  14. 24 CFR 982.621 - Manufactured home: Housing quality standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Special Housing Types Manufactured Home...

  15. Houses for Dorchester

    E-print Network

    Chalmers, Thomas C. (Thomas Clark)

    1987-01-01

    The intent of this thesis is to develop a design for thirty units of housing responding to the development objectives of the Nuestra Comunidad Development Corporation (NCDC) in the Upham Corner district of Dorchester. It ...

  16. Global niche markets and local development : clientelism and fairtrade farmer organizations in Paraguay's sugar industry

    E-print Network

    Setrini, Gustavo

    2011-01-01

    Globalization has transformed the markets in which agricultural goods are traded, placing new demands on farmers around the world. In developing countries, smallholder and peasant farmers lack many of the resources needed ...

  17. DEVELOPMENT, DESIGN AND CONSUMER TESTING OF MARKETABLE RESIDENTIAL LED LIGHT LUMINAIRES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Developing marketable LED luminaires poses challenges, even though LEDs are energy-efficient and an ecological alternative to conventionally lighting. Challenges include: perceptions that the color rendition of LEDs is unacceptable to the public; numbers of LEDs must be grou...

  18. Development of a more market-oriented economy in china.

    PubMed

    Chow, G C

    1987-01-16

    Before 1978 in China, the economic institutions for agriculture and industry operated essentially under a centrally planned system. The reasons for a change toward a more market-oriented economy and the key elements of economic reform are discussed. Today the major issues being deliberated by the leading economic officials include reform of the price system, the administrative structure of state-owned enterprises, the banking system and macroeconomic control mechanisms, and foreign trade and investment. PMID:17750384

  19. Energy and water development appropriations for 1994. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, Part 4

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    The hearing of the House subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations addressed the Energy and Water Development appropriations for the Department of Energy (DOE) in 1994. The document contains the Congressional Budget request of DOE for Atomic Energy Defense Activities.

  20. Development of sputter coatings for the gravity probe B gyroscope housings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zhou, P.; Cheung, S.; Lydic, T.; Turneaure, J. P.

    1988-01-01

    Cu/Ti coatings have been applied by sputter deposition to fused quartz housings to serve as the electrodes and lands of electrostatically supported gyroscopes. Niobium-coated fused quartz gyro rotors have been successfully suspended and spun up in those housings. The Cu/Ti bilayer coating and alternative multilayer coatings (Cu/Mo, Mo/Cu/Ti and Mo/Cu/Mo) with 2-micron thickness produced by sputter deposition on flat, fused quartz substrates have been examined with scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and four-point resistivity measurement techniques. The multilayer coatings with a molybdenum bonding layer appear to produce smoother surfaces than those with a titanium bonding layer. All multilayer coatings survived thermal cycling to 77 K without adhesion failure.

  1. DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT OF ADVANCED EMISSION CONTROLS FOR THE RETROFIT MARKET

    SciTech Connect

    Edgar, B; Rumminger, M; Streichsbier, M

    2003-08-24

    Bringing a diesel retrofit product to market involves two primary phases: development and deployment. Critical product development steps include technology selection, system integration, laboratory and durability testing, and regulatory agency verification work. This initial product development phase is then followed by a deployment phase, which consists of building and managing the infrastructure for installation, distribution, service, sales and warranty support. Building relationships with regulators and air quality program developers is also a critical aspect of the deployment process. A successful path to market requires close cooperation between developer, distributor, customer and regulator.

  2. Development of U-Mart System with Plural Brands and Plural Markets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akimoto, Yoshihito; Mori, Naoki; Ono, Isao; Nakajima, Yoshihiro; Kita, Hajime; Matsumoto, Keinosuke

    In this paper, we first discuss the notion that artificial market systems should meet the requirements of fidelity, transparency, reproducibility, and traceability. Next, we introduce history of development of the artificial market system named U-Mart system that meet the requirements well, which have been developed by the U-Mart project. We have already developed the U-Mart system called “U-Mart system version 3.0” to solve problems of old U-Mart systems. In version 3.0 system, trading process is modularized and universal market system can be easily introduced.
    However, U-Mart system version 3.0 only simulates the single brand futures market. The simulation of the plural brands and plural markets has been required by lot of users. In this paper, we proposed a novel U-Mart system called “U-Mart system version 4.0” to solve this problem of U-Mart system version 3.0. We improve the server system, machine agents and GUI in order to simulate plural brands and plural markets in U-Mart system version 4.0. The effectiveness of the proposed system is confirmed by statistical analysis of results of spot market simulation with random agents.

  3. In-house-validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for survey of acrylamide in various processed foods from Korean market.

    PubMed

    Lee, Sanghee; Yoo, Miyoung; Koo, Minseon; Kim, Hyun Jung; Kim, Meehye; Park, Sung-Kug; Shin, Dongbin

    2013-09-01

    Acrylamide (AA) is a chemical found in starchy foods that have been cooked at high temperatures. The objective of this study is to monitor the levels of AA in a total of 274 samples of potato chips, chips (except potato chips), biscuits, French fries, breakfast cereals, chocolate products, tea, seasoned laver, and nut products sampled in Korean market. These processed foods include (1) potato chips, (2) chips (except potato chips), (3) biscuits, (4) French fries, (5) breakfast cereals, (6) chocolate products, (7) tea, (8) seasoned laver, and (9) nut products. Samples used for this study were cleaned up using HLB Oasis polymeric and Accucat mixed-mode anion and cation exchange solid-phase extraction cartridge. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) was validated in-house as an efficient analytical method for the routine analysis of AA in various food products. AA was detected with a Fortis dC18 (1.7 ?m, 100 mm × 2.1 mm) column using 0.5% methanol/0.1% acetic acid in water as the mobile phase. Good results were obtained with respect to repeatability (RSDs < 5%). The recoveries obtained for a variety of food matrices ranged between 94.5% and 107.6%. Quantification during routine monitoring was sensitive enough to detect AA at a concentration of 10 ?g/kg. A total of 274 food samples were analyzed for AA. The AA levels in the food groups were in the following order: potato chips > French fries > biscuits > tea > chips (except potato chips) > seasoned laver > breakfast cereals > chocolate products > nut products. AA was detected at levels ranging from not detectable to 1435 ?g/kg. PMID:24804047

  4. Spatial Dependence and House Price Index Construction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ay se Can; Isaac Megbolugbe

    1997-01-01

    Accurate estimation of prevailing metropolitan housing prices is important for both business and research investigations of housing and mortgage markets. This is typically done by constructing quality-adjusted house price indices from hedonic price regressions for given metropolitan areas. A major limitation of currently available indices is their insensitivity to the geographic location of dwellings within the metropolitan area. Indices are

  5. House Allocation With Fractional Endowments Stergios Athanassoglou

    E-print Network

    Sethuraman, Jay

    to her peers. For this general model, we design an algorithm to find a fractional allocation of houses house, we recover the housing market model, first considered by Shapley and Scarf [8]. For this model, Shapley and Scarf proposed the Top-Trading Cycles mechanism (attributed to Gale) that finds the unique

  6. 45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

  7. 45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

  8. 45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

  9. 45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 true Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

  10. file:///S:/WebArchive/Research/studies/Retire2/retir2c.htm Seniors and the South Carolina Housing Market

    E-print Network

    Almor, Amit

    Market Submitted to The South Carolina Center for Applied Real Estate Education and Research (CAREER examines South Carolina's growing senior population and its implications for the real estate market substantial benefits to some local economies and real estate markets. Retirees offer possible new market

  11. Strategies for Japanese developers in potential international markets

    E-print Network

    Nomura, Mitsuhiro, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    Global development has currently become an important business for developers. Although the business involves complex economic, political, and cultural issues, international real estate has been more attractive. Economic ...

  12. Expecting the unexpected: applying the Develop-Distort Dilemma to maximize positive market impacts in health.

    PubMed

    Peters, David H; Paina, Ligia; Bennett, Sara

    2012-10-01

    Although health interventions start with good intentions to develop services for disadvantaged populations, they often distort the health market, making the delivery or financing of services difficult once the intervention is over: a condition called the 'Develop-Distort Dilemma' (DDD). In this paper, we describe how to examine whether a proposed intervention may develop or distort the health market. Our goal is to produce a tool that facilitates meaningful and systematic dialogue for practitioners and researchers to ensure that well-intentioned health interventions lead to productive health systems while reducing the undesirable distortions of such efforts. We apply the DDD tool to plan for development rather than distortions in health markets, using intervention research being conducted under the Future Health Systems consortium in Bangladesh, China and Uganda. Through a review of research proposals and interviews with principal investigators, we use the DDD tool to systematically understand how a project fits within the broader health market system, and to identify gaps in planning for sustainability. We found that while current stakeholders and funding sources for activities were easily identified, future ones were not. The implication is that the projects could raise community expectations that future services will be available and paid for, despite this actually being uncertain. Each project addressed the 'rules' of the health market system differently. The China research assesses changes in the formal financing rules, whereas Bangladesh and Uganda's projects involve influencing community level providers, where informal rules are more important. In each case, we recognize the importance of building trust between providers, communities and government officials. Each project could both develop and distort local health markets. Anyone intervening in the health market must recognize the main market perturbations, whether positive or negative, and manage them so as to maximize the benefits to the health system and population health. PMID:23014153

  13. 24 CFR 886.321 - Marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...321 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING...racial, ethnic, and gender data and shall be...

  14. 24 CFR 886.321 - Marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...321 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING...racial, ethnic, and gender data and shall be...

  15. 24 CFR 884.214 - Marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE...HOUSING PROJECTS Project Development and Operation § 884.214...HUD with racial, ethnic and gender data and shall be...

  16. 24 CFR 886.321 - Marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...321 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING...racial, ethnic, and gender data and shall be...

  17. 24 CFR 884.214 - Marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE...HOUSING PROJECTS Project Development and Operation § 884.214...HUD with racial, ethnic and gender data and shall be...

  18. 24 CFR 886.321 - Marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...321 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING...racial, ethnic, and gender data and shall be...

  19. 24 CFR 884.214 - Marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (CONTINUED) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8 HOUSING ASSISTANCE...HOUSING PROJECTS Project Development and Operation § 884.214...HUD with racial, ethnic and gender data and shall be...

  20. Developing an inventor support service which performs early stage market and manufacturing evaluations. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    American businesses are learning the difficult high cost lesson of ignoring production and market factors (producibility, unit product cost (UPC), marketability, etc) during the engineering design phase of product development. Studies have shown that the Japanese spend three times as long as Americans in the design feasibility and decision process of new product introductions and one third the amount of time in the implementation of those products. There is a 20 to 1 cost benefit on effort applied in the design phase versus the production phase of the product life cycle. The number one goal of this project was to establish an organization that has, as one of its purposes, the providing of services responsive to the needs of independent inventors. The number two goal was to demonstrate the value of providing marketing and manufacturing counsel at an early stage in the product development process. The first study goal was met by providing the materials and information necessary to establish an evaluation team and an organization to handle such evaluations. The second study goal was met by demonstrating the impact of early market analysis and manufacturing considerations on product design and therefore on the description of the invention for four different inventions. These inventions were selected at various stages of development. Regardless of stage of development, the marketing and manufacturing reviews resulted in significant changes in design and/or market positioning.

  1. Developing an inventor support service which performs early stage market and manufacturing evaluations. [Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    American businesses are learning the difficult high cost lesson of ignoring production and market factors (producibility, unit product cost (UPC), marketability, etc) during the engineering design phase of product development. Studies have shown that the Japanese spend three times as long as Americans in the design feasibility and decision process of new product introductions and one third the amount of time in the implementation of those products. There is a 20 to 1 cost benefit on effort applied in the design phase versus the production phase of the product life cycle. The number one goal of this project was to establish an organization that has, as one of its purposes, the providing of services responsive to the needs of independent inventors. The number two goal was to demonstrate the value of providing marketing and manufacturing counsel at an early stage in the product development process. The first study goal was met by providing the materials and information necessary to establish an evaluation team and an organization to handle such evaluations. The second study goal was met by demonstrating the impact of early market analysis and manufacturing considerations on product design and therefore on the description of the invention for four different inventions. These inventions were selected at various stages of development. Regardless of stage of development, the marketing and manufacturing reviews resulted in significant changes in design and/or market positioning.

  2. The Application of Stakeholder Theory to Relationship Marketing Strategy Development in a Non-profit Organization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Simon Knox; Colin Gruar

    2007-01-01

    Non-profit (NP) organizations present complex challenges in managing stakeholder relationships, particularly during times\\u000a of environmental change. This places a premium on knowing which stakeholders really matter if an effective relationship marketing\\u000a strategy is to be developed. This article presents the successful application of a model, which combines Mitchell’s theory\\u000a of stakeholder saliency and Coviello’s framework of contemporary marketing practices in

  3. A Feasibility Study of Automated Natural Language Requirements Analysis in Market-Driven Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    In market-driven software development there is a strong need for support to handle congestion in the require- ments engineering process, which may occur as the demand for short time-to-market is combined with a rapid arrival of new requirements from many different sources. Automated analysis of the continuous flow of incoming requirements provides an opportunity to increase the efficiency of the

  4. A Feasibility Study of Automated Natural Language Requirements Analysis in Market-Driven Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johan Natt Och Dag; Björn Regnell; Pär Carlshamre; Michael Andersson; Joachim Karlsson

    2002-01-01

    In market-driven software development there is a strong need for support to handle congestion in the requirements engineering\\u000a process, which may occur as the demand for short time-to-market is combined with a rapid arrival of new requirements from\\u000a many different sources. Automated analysis of the continuous flow of incoming requirements provides an opportunity to increase\\u000a the efficiency of the requirements

  5. Regime shifts in real estate markets: Time-varying effects of the U.S. and Japanese economies on house prices in Hawaii

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Krainer; James A. Wilcox

    2011-01-01

    We show that house prices may be driven entirely by the demands of one identifiable group for several years and then by demands of another group at other times. We present evidence that house prices in Hawaii were subject to such regime shifts. Prices responded to demands associated with American income and wealth for most years from 1975 through 2008.

  6. Private sector housing in urban China since 1949: The case of Xian

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ya Ping Wang

    1992-01-01

    Research on urban housing policies in socialist China and Eastern European countries has concentrated on understanding the production and distribution of state housing. More recently researchers have shifted their attention to the commodification of urban housing and establishment of private housing markets. A very important aspect of socialist housing ? the process of nationalisation of privately owned urban housing in

  7. Developing biotechnology company's future positioning strategy in prefilled syringe market

    E-print Network

    Lee, Joonhaeng, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2010-01-01

    The primary goal for the thesis is to develop a recommendation for Amgen's future prefilled syringe strategy related to its drug process development, supplier relationship management plan, supply and sourcing, and procurement. ...

  8. Does market exclusivity hinder the development of Follow-on Orphan Medicinal Products in Europe?

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background We determined whether the market exclusivity incentive of the European Orphan Drug Regulation results in a market monopoly or that absence of another Orphan Medicinal Product (OMP) for the same rare disorder, a so-called follow-on OMP, is a matter of time or market size. In the interest of rare disorder patients better understanding of the effect of the market exclusivity incentive on follow-on OMP development is warranted. Methods First, the impact of various market-, product- and disease-related characteristics on follow-on OMP development in the EU was determined by comparing rare disorders with an approved OMP and at least one follow-on OMP (N = 26), with rare disorders with an approved OMP and no follow-on OMP (N = 18). Next, we determined whether manufacturers continued development of a follow-on OMP upon approval of the first OMP for the intended rare disorder. Since in the EU significant benefit of an OMP has to be established, we determined for each follow-on OMP for which development was continued on what grounds significant benefit was assumed by the sponsor. Data were collected from the public domain only. Results The likelihood of a rare disorder with an approved OMP to obtain at least one follow-on OMP development was strongly associated with disease prevalence, turnover of the first OMP, disease class, disease-specific scientific output and age of onset. Out of a total of 120 follow-on OMPs only one follow-on OMP could be identified for which development was discontinued upon approval of the first OMP for the same rare disorder. Only a substantial level of discontinuation of follow-on OMP development would have indicated the existence of a market monopoly. Moreover, sponsors that continued development of a follow-on OMP predominantly assumed that their product had an improved efficacy compared to the first approved OMP. Conclusions This study provides evidence that absence of follow-on OMP development is a matter of time or market size, rather than that the market exclusivity incentive of the European Orphan Drug Regulation creates a market monopoly. PMID:21892964

  9. Chapter 4 The Evolution of Music Markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. M. Scherer

    2006-01-01

    This chapter traces the development of markets for music over the past several centuries. Formally organized music was at first supported primarily by churches and the nobility. Indeed, during the 18th century there was a kind of “arms race” in which noble houses competed for prestige through the quality of their orchestras and operas. Gradually, however, the role of churches

  10. Ireland House Scotland House

    E-print Network

    Wesley House Catholic Campus Ministry Lot 1 Lot 8 Lot 5 Lot 9Lot 6 Lot 33 Lot 11 Lot 16 Lot 28 Lot 56 Lot 37 Lot 18 Lot 47 Lot V1 Lot V2 Lot V3 Constant Center South Garage (C) Lot 19 Lot 29 Lot 58 Lot L Lot G Lot 38 Lot 10 Lot 44 Lot 49 Lot 32 Lot 43 Lot 41 Lot 35 Lot 34 43rd Street evAnatahwoP Lot 57 49th

  11. Good neighbors. A collaborative effort develops housing for the low-income elderly on Chicago's southeast side.

    PubMed

    Peregrine, M W; Lanctot, T E; Drinan, D; Kilbourne, B J

    1991-06-01

    On Chicago's southeast side, the Claretian missionaries--in collaboration with the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, members of the local community, and local business interests--will soon open Villa Guadalupe, a housing project for low-income seniors. Recent developments have combined to make the creation of low-income housing for the elderly more compelling than ever from a mission perspective and more feasible from a structuring and financing perspective. Since 1925, the Claretians have served a predominantly Hispanic population in south Chicago. The neighborhood suffered economic devastation in the 1960s with the collapse of the local steel industry. A 1985 needs assessment determined that nearly one in five elderly residents in the area lives at or near the poverty level. As a result of the assessment, the Claretians decided to develop the Villa Guadalupe project. For assistance in managing and financing the project, the Claretians drew on the resources and expertise of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, who have a history of ministering to the elderly. The project also had to overcome legal obstacles to securing property tax exemption from the state of Illinois. The project cleared another hurdle when it secured financing by issuing tax-exempt bonds secured by a letter of credit issued by a commercial bank. In addition, interest in monies from an endowment fund will make up the difference between funds Villa Guadalupe will receive through rents and the income that is required to support the project. PMID:10110913

  12. Governance decisions for the offshore outsourcing of new product development in technology intensive markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David A. Griffith; Nukhet Harmancioglu; Cornelia Droge

    2009-01-01

    This study addresses how buyers organize their offshore outsourcing new product development relationships. Building on transaction cost economics and resource dependence theories, we propose a model of the influence of key new product development offshore outsourcing factors on two important buyers’ governance decisions (i.e., supply concentration and degree of supplier involvement). The antecedents, drawn from the marketing, management, and international

  13. INTERDEPENDENCE OF SOUTH ASIAN & DEVELOPED STOCK MARKETS AND THEIR IMPACT ON KSE (PAKISTAN)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Safdar Hussain Tahir; Hazoor Muhammad Sabir; Yasir Ali; Saima Jamat Ali; Ammara Ismail

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the interdependence among the South Asian and developed markets and their impact on Karachi Stock Exchange. The data were collected from eight worldly stock exchanges, four from each South Asia and developed countries for the period starting from July, 1999 to June, 2011. For analytical purposes, the techniques like Correlation Matrix, Unit

  14. Stock Market Development and Economic Growth: Ardl Causality in Pakistan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muhammad Shahbaz; Nadeem Ahmed; Liaquat Ali

    Contemporary economies of developing countries are changing due to rapid changes in the world economy. The emergence of international financial industry for worldwide network of transactions altered the role of international economy. Increased financial flows have altered the role of private capital and subsequently effect resource allocation. The economies of developing countries are witnessing changes in the composition of capital

  15. Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Prototyping and Construction Development

    SciTech Connect

    Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

    2013-11-01

    The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collaborating to conduct research on new specifications that would improve on the energy requirements of a NEEM home. In its role as administrator, NEW administers the technical specs, performs research and engineering analysis, implements ongoing construction quality management procedures, and maintains a central database with home tracking. This project prototyped and assessed the performances of cost-effective high performance building assemblies and mechanical systems that are not commonly deployed in the manufacturing setting. The package of measures is able to reduce energy used for space conditioning, water heating and lighting by 50 percent over typical manufactured homes produced in the northwest.

  16. Reforms, Market Dynamics and Productivity in Developing Countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Khalid Sekkat

    \\u000a Between the end of World War II and the mid-eighties, development strategy in a number of developing countries was based on\\u000a the protectionist “Import substitution” (IS) concept. Many of these countries’ governments were of the opinion that maintaining\\u000a free trade would prevent their economies from industrializing and would therefore render them vulnerable to long-term adverse\\u000a movements in terms of trade,

  17. Harvard University's Joint Center for Housing Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1959, the Joint Center for Housing Studies (JCHS) at Harvard is a collaborative unit affiliated with the Graduate School of Design and the Kennedy School of Government. The Center's central focus is to "analyze the dynamic relationships between housing markets and economic, demographic, and social trends, providing leaders in government, business, and the non-profit sector with the knowledge needed to develop effective policies and strategies." The site contains links to information about ongoing research projects, educational opportunities in the field, publications, and people affiliated with JCHS. The publication section is quite strong, as visitors can browse through a diverse set of publications (many of which are available at not cost) by thematic focus, including finance, community, development, and industry studies. One of the more compelling recent publications (most of which is available here) is the monograph titled Low-Income Homeownership: Examining the Unexamined Goal.

  18. 24 CFR 982.505 - Voucher tenancy: How to calculate housing assistance payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.505 Voucher tenancy: How to calculate housing...

  19. 24 CFR 982.505 - Voucher tenancy: How to calculate housing assistance payment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Rent and Housing Assistance Payment § 982.505 Voucher tenancy: How to calculate housing...

  20. 6 February 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP

    E-print Network

    6 February 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER - FOREST SECTOR Housing Market Index (HMI), which measures builder sentiment in the single-family housing market, has been percent, which will still be below 84 percent. #12;6 February 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST

  1. 77 FR 21580 - Changes in Certain Multifamily Housing and Health Care Facility Mortgage Insurance Premiums for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-10

    ...Certain Multifamily Housing and Health Care Facility Mortgage Insurance Premiums...Administration (FHA) Multifamily Housing, Health Care Facilities, and Hospital Mortgage...market-rate multifamily housing, health care facility, and hospital...

  2. Conducting Successful Programs to Increase the Energy-Efficiency of Manufactured Housing 

    E-print Network

    Lee, A. D.; Riewer, S. M.; Volke, S. M.

    1990-01-01

    to manufactured housing. Since manufactured homes represent a significant segment of the housing market, their impacts on energy consumption can be substantial. In the Pacific Northwest, manufactured homes comprise around 20% of new single-family housing starts...

  3. Contract-based electricity markets in developing countries: Overcoming inefficiency constraints

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perera, M. N. Susantha

    The electric utility sector throughout the world has been undergoing significant changes. It is changing from its traditional, central-station generation model managed under a vertically integrated monopoly to a more market-dependent business. In the rich industrialized countries, this change has progressed rapidly with the emergence of competitive markets---not only in the area of electricity generation, but also in the extension of such markets down to the level of retail domestic consumer. Developing countries, on the other hand, are trying to attract much-needed investment capital for their power sector expansion activities, particularly for the expansion of generating capacity, through the involvement of the private sector. Unlike their industrialized counterparts, they are facing many limitations in transforming the mostly government-owned monopolies into market-driven businesses, thereby creating an environment that is conducive to private sector participation. Amongst these limitations are the lack of a well-developed, local private sector or domestic financial market that can handle the sophisticated power sector financing; inadequate legal and regulatory frameworks that can address the many complexities of private power development; and numerous risk factors including political risks. This dissertation research addresses an important inefficiency faced by developing countries in the new contract-based market structure that has emerged within these countries. It examines the inefficiencies brought on by restrictions in the contracts, specifically those arising from the guaranteed purchase conditions that are typically included in contracts between the purchasing utility and independent power producers in this new market. The research attempts to provide a solution for this problem and proposes a methodology that enables the parties to conduct their businesses in a cost-efficient manner within a cooperative environment. The situation described above is modeled as a cooperative game based on the relationships that typically exist in power pools. This model draws its mathematical basis from game theory. This research demonstrates that the proposed model has a theoretical solution that yields an efficient allocation of resources. Furthermore, this solution has a significant practical validity as a tool that can be employed by developing country governments faced with similar market situations. In the case study presented here, the model is tested using data from a small developing country.

  4. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  5. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  6. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  7. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  8. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  9. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  10. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  11. 24 CFR 8.23 - Alterations of existing housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Section 8.23 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...and usable by individuals with mobility impairments, then no...

  12. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  13. 24 CFR 8.22 - New construction-housing facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Section 8.22 Housing and Urban Development Office of the...Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development NONDISCRIMINATION...THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility...accessible for persons with mobility impairments. A unit...

  14. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...300 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION...sexual orientation or gender identity set forth...

  15. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...300 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION...sexual orientation or gender identity set forth...

  16. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...300 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION...sexual orientation or gender identity set forth...

  17. Building sector: state of the market and two models on how to reach it

    SciTech Connect

    Holtz, M.J.

    1980-08-30

    Two subjects related to marketing solar energy in the buildings sector are discussed: first, the market size defined in terms of number of housing units and square feet of commercial floor space and their energy use characteristics and, second, several models SERI has developed and is using to move solar energy/energy efficiency into the mainstream of residential and commercial building construction. (MHR)

  18. Importance of bioenergy markets for the development of the global energy system

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    generation capabilities and deployment of carbon capture and storage (CCS). Energy system models used, the development of global bioenergy markets may have a large impact on the investments in low-carbon power of 508 EJ in 2009 [1]. In order to reach climate targets and create low-carbon economies, biomass

  19. Information System Development in the Small Firm: tests of contingency, agency and markets & hierarchies approaches

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gavin C Reid; Julia A Smith

    1999-01-01

    This paper is designed to explore the nature of information system development in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), by appeal to three theories: contingency, agency and markets vs hierarchies. To address these theories empirically, use is made of new data which have been gathered from a sample of Scottish SMEs over a five-year period, 1994-1998. The structrue of this

  20. Collaborative Evaluation and Market Research Converge: An Innovative Model Agricultural Development Program Evaluation in Southern Sudan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Sullivan, John M.; O'Sullivan, Rita

    2012-01-01

    In June and July 2006 a team of outside experts arrived in Yei, Southern Sudan through an AID project to provide support to a local agricultural development project. The team brought evaluation, agricultural marketing and financial management expertise to the in-country partners looking at steps to rebuild the economy of the war ravaged region. A…

  1. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Expanding the UBC Farm Market

    E-print Network

    UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Expanding the UBC Farm of a project/report". #12;1 The UBC Food System Project Scenario 1: Expanding the UBC Farm Market Course: AGSC Winnie (Wan-Ju) Liu Diana Snow Courtney Wedemire #12;2 Abstract Currently, costs at the UBC Farm exceed

  2. Does new public management work in reforming the state's role in agricultural marketing in developing countries?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Hubbard; Marisol Smith

    1999-01-01

    The research investigated the extent to which 'new public management' style reforms (in which the state confines itself to contracting, guiding, facilitating and financing in providing public services, rather than delivering them itself through civil service organizations) are successful in the institutional context of developing countries. Studies of reform of public services to agricultural marketing were conducted in Ghana, India,

  3. Issues Determining the Development of Cruise Itineraries: A Focus on the Luxury Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Barron; Ana Bartolome Greenwood

    2006-01-01

    While the cruise industry has been identified as an ever increasingly important aspect of the wider tourism industry, this sector remains relatively under researched. Cruises have shown strong year on year growth and, in 2004, was the holiday of choice for more than 12 million tourists. Challenges facing the industry are concerned with market segmentation and the development of new

  4. Development of Wood Chips and Pellets market in Slovakia Jozef Viglasky, SK-BIOM, Slovakia

    E-print Network

    energy will become increasingly competitive in the coming years: prices for natural gas and electricity warming; · import of natural gas affects the trade balance and does not contribute to the development in small villages and rural areas, the establishment of a gas network is costly; in a liberal energy market

  5. Development of Wood Chips and Pellets market in Slovakia Jozef Viglasky, SK-BIOM, Slovakia

    E-print Network

    , biomass energy will become increasingly competitive in the coming years: prices for natural gas warming; · import of natural gas affects the trade balance and does not contribute to the development in small villages and rural areas, the establishment of a gas network is costly; in a liberal energy market

  6. The Emerging External Labor Market and the Impact on Enterprise's Human Resource Development in China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, John; Zhu, Ying

    2002-01-01

    Labor strategies of eight enterprises in Shanghai and Beijing were profiled. Changes in national policy had created a highly competitive market. High skill requirements of jobs and shortages of skilled labor meant companies emphasized internal employee development over recruitment. However, they lacked strategies for retaining trained employees.…

  7. Development of real estate markets in Central Europe: the case of Prague, Warsaw, and Budapest

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A R Ghanbari-Parsa; R Moatazed-Keivani

    1999-01-01

    The countries of Central Europe have been undergoing major structural transformations since the collapse of Soviet and communist domination towards the end of 1989. However, there has been a relative scarcity of published research on the impact of these transformations on the development of real estate markets in these countries. The authors aim to rectify in part this lack by

  8. The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry R. Weingast

    1995-01-01

    Thriving markets require not only an appropriately designed economic system, but a secure political foundation that limits the ability of the state to confiscate wealth. This requires a form of limited government, that is, political institutions that credibly commit the state to honor economic and political rights. This article studies how limited government arose in the developed West, focusing on

  9. Next-generation DNA sequencing reveals that low fungal diversity in house dust is associated with childhood asthma development

    PubMed Central

    Dannemiller, Karen C.; Mendell, Mark J.; Macher, Janet M.; Kumagai, Kazukiyo; Bradman, Asa; Holland, Nina; Harley, Kim; Eskenazi, Brenda; Peccia, Jordan

    2013-01-01

    Dampness and visible mold in homes are associated with asthma development, but causal mechanisms remain unclear. The goal of this research was to explore associations among measured dampness, fungal exposure, and childhood asthma development without the bias of culture-based microbial analysis. In the low-income, Latino CHAMACOS birth cohort, house dust was collected at age 12 months, and asthma status was determined at age 7 years. The current analysis included 13 asthma cases and 28 controls. Next-generation DNA sequencing methods quantified fungal taxa and diversity. Lower fungal diversity (number of fungal operational taxonomic units) was significantly associated with increased risk of asthma development: unadjusted odds ratio (OR) 4.80 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04–22.1). Control for potential confounders strengthened this relationship. Decreased diversity within the genus Cryptococcus was significantly associated with increased asthma risk (OR 21.0, 95% CI 2.16–204). No fungal taxon (species, genus, class) was significantly positively associated with asthma development, and one was significantly negatively associated. Elevated moisture was associated with increased fungal diversity, and moisture/mold indicators were associated with four fungal taxa. Next-generation DNA sequencing provided comprehensive estimates of fungal identity and diversity, demonstrating significant associations between low fungal diversity and childhood asthma development in this community. PMID:24883433

  10. 77 FR 37233 - Consolidated Delegation of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA)

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-20

    ...2012 Part III Department of Housing and Urban Development...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5557-D-01...d) of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Act, as...

  11. 24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...necessary to determine project feasibility (including...engagement of a development team, option to acquire...with respect to the project concerned, site control...a capable development team. (3) Repayment...loan proceeds or other project income. The...

  12. Development of advanced concepts for DIR-MCFC cogeneration applications in the European Market

    SciTech Connect

    Kortbeek, P.J.; Ottervanger, R.G. [Dutch Fuel Cell Corp. (BCN), Beverwijk (Netherlands); Dicks, A.L. [British Gas plc, Loughborough, Leicestershire (United Kingdom)

    1996-12-31

    Early 1996 a three year (1996 - 1998) joint European project was launched under the name {open_quote}Advanced DIR-MCFC Development{close_quote}, aiming at the development of Direct Internal Reforming (DIR) Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) systems for cogeneration applications for the European market. In this project participate: Brandstofcel Nederland BV (BCN), British Gas pic (BG), Gaz de France (GDF), Netherlands Energy Research foundation (ECN), Stork, Royal Schelde and Sydkraft AB. The European Fuel Cell User Group (EFCUG) supports the project as an advisory board. Whereas the US and Japanese programmes are aimed at large-scale demonstrations of the MCFC technology, this project focusses on the development of concepts and technology, required for MCFC systems that will be competative on the cogeneration market. The project partners provide the essential expertise: from end-user, system engineering, stack development up to fundamental material research.

  13. Market-based collaborative control of distributed multiple product development projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Yonghan; Kumara, Soundar R. T.

    2000-12-01

    Due to the widespread availability of the Internet large scale distributed projects in manufacturing are becoming popular. We present a distributed, collaborative, and adaptive control approach for distributed multiple product development projects (DMPDP), which is a representative project environment in modern e-enterprises. In DMPDP environment, multiple project groups share and compete for limited resources to achieve their own goals. On the other hand, the shared resource divisions try to utilize their resources efficiently. We suggest that this kind of situation can be well modeled and efficiently solved by using two novel approaches: multiagent based information infrastructure and market-based control mechanism. In this paper, we formalize the DMPDP control problem, and propose a market-based negotiation mechanism called sequential market clearing (SMC) protocol. For clear presentation, some of information system design and implementation issues are also presented.

  14. 24 CFR 884.213 - Execution of housing assistance payments contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.213 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  15. 24 CFR 884.108 - Term of housing assistance payments contract.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.108 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  16. 24 CFR 884.110 - Types of housing and property standards.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.110 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  17. Policies and Market Factors Driving Wind Power Development in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Bird, L.; Parsons, B.; Gagliano, T.; Brown, M.; Wiser, R.; Bolinger, M.

    2003-07-01

    In the United States, there has been substantial recent growth in wind energy generating capacity, with growth averaging 24% annually during the past five years. With this growth, an increasing number of states are experiencing investment in wind energy. Wind installations currently exist in about half of all U.S. states. This paper explores the policies and market factors that have been driving utility-scale wind energy development in the United States, particularly in the states that have achieved a substantial amount of wind energy investment in recent years. Although there are federal policies and overarching market issues that are encouraging investment nationally, much of the recent activity has resulted from state-level policies or localized market drivers. In this paper, we identify the key policies, incentives, regulations, and markets affecting development, and draw lessons from the experience of leading states that may be transferable to other states or regions. We provide detailed discussions of the drivers for wind development in a dozen leading states-California, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Washington, West Virginia, and Wyoming.

  18. Conservation and tourism development of house settlements in Moso matriarchate in Lugu Lake area

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yaoyun Xing; Zhujiu Xia; Jian Dai

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes the present situation of the settlement and the influence of tourism development and construction. It\\u000a discusses the attitude toward the conservation and development of the settlement as well as the way to maintain the production,\\u000a life, and culture of the Mosian and the way to promote the sustainable development of the settlement by tourism.

  19. The Resource Conservation Research House

    SciTech Connect

    Bowles, L.K. [NAHB Research Center, Inc., Upper Marlboro, MD (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The Resource Conservation Research House, built by the NAHB Research Center and opened in 1992, was constructed with materials that conserve the nation`s resources. The house is designed to stimulate interest in resource conservation in home building among home builders, home buyers, public officials, civic groups, and the media. In addition to products made from recycled materials, products and systems used to build the house are made from less costly materials, more durable materials, and materials that contribute to energy conservation during the lifetime of the house. A principal purpose of building the house was to test and demonstrate resource-conserving products and systems that now exist only in prototype or that are on the fringes of the market, and to help to move useful, cost-effective products of this type toward the marketplace mainstream.

  20. Development of an ASHRAE 152-2004 Duct Model for the Single-Family Residential House 

    E-print Network

    Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper presents the results of the development of the duct model based on ASHRAE standard 152-2004 (ASHRAE, 2004) using the DOE-2.1e building energy simulation program. To accomplish this, FUNCTION commands for DOE-2 were used to develop...

  1. Planning for Housing Recovery? Lessons Learned From Hurricane Andrew

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yang Zhang; Walter Gillis Peacock

    2009-01-01

    Problem: Housing recovery is key to revitalizing communities following major natural disasters, and yet there is little empirical research on how housing recovery differs across neighborhoods with different sociodemographic characteristics, what happens to housing markets, or property abandonment after disasters.Purpose: We address these gaps by examining single-family housing recovery, housing sales, and property abandonment following Hurricane Andrew in south Miami-Dade

  2. Biopower markets in developing countries: Meeting the demands for cleaner power

    SciTech Connect

    Demeter, C.P.

    1997-12-31

    The worldwide expansion of democracy economic freedom and the explosion of private investment and trading is fueling a boom in global economic growth at double the rate of only a decade ago. Dependence on power and process heat is growing in lockstep during a time of significant structural change in electric markets. Many countries are creating more competitive market environments for power production and sales through changes in regulation, ownership, and pricing structures. But while demand for heat and power is expanding and creating a higher standard of living for many around the world, there is growing global concern about increases in carbon emissions from fossil fuel combustion and its possible link to climate changes. On a local level, flooding and non-point runoff, deforestation and habitat loss, salination of drinking water aquifers, solid waste disposal and landfill capacity shortages all put an increasing strain on our environment`s ability to cleanse itself. This could have subsequent adverse impacts on human health and welfare. This article explores emerging markets for biomass power development in India, china, Asia, and Latin America. Exploiting these markets requires understanding each country`s resources, energy needs, and government attitudes about foreign power developers. 6 figs.

  3. Energy and water development appropriations for 1999: Part 7. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    These are the hearings before the subcommittee on energy and water development of the committee on appropriations, House of Representatives. This is part 7 which includes the testimony of members of congress and other interested individuals and organizations. Discussion includes funding of various US DOE programs and projects relating to energy efficiency and other topics.

  4. Energy and water development appropriations for 1999: Part 1. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This is part 1 of the hearings before the subcommittee on energy and water development of the committee on appropriations, House of Representatives. This includes statements of witnesses from the Department of the Army, the Corps of Engineers, Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army (Civil Works) and Chief of Engineers on topics of funding for the activities of these departments.

  5. Energy and water development appropriations for 1999: Part 3. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, On Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    These are the hearings before the subcommittee on energy and water development of the committed on appropriations, House of Representatives. The topics include the Bureau of Reclamation, testimony of the Secretary of the Interior, Appalachian Regional Commission, and the Tennessee Valley Authority. The discussion is related to the funding of activities in these areas.

  6. Report to the U.S. Agency for International Development on the Activities of Literacy House, Lucknow, India, July 1, 1964 - June 30, 1969.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Education, Inc., New York, NY.

    The program of Literacy House in Lucknow, India includes training of personnel, preparation of materials, and sponsorship of a wide variety of programs. This report on their work, prepared to document the need for a budget request from the U.S. Agency for International Development, describes the achievement and prospects in programs relating to…

  7. Development of a Calibration Methodology for Code-compliant Simulation of a Case Study House in a Hot and Humid Climate 

    E-print Network

    Kim, K. H.; Haberl, J. S.

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a comparison of the results between a code-compliant DOE-2 simulation and monthly utility bills for a case study house in College Station, Texas. The comparison of the results is a preliminary step toward the development...

  8. Implications of market and coordination failures for rural development in least developed countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan Kydd; Andrew Dorward

    2004-01-01

    Market failures affecting economic growth in poor rural areas are firmly on the agenda but for goods and services with private good characteristics are generally not conceptualized and understood in ways that help policy analysis and formulation to recognize and address these failures. We need greater recognition and understanding of the causes and nature of coordination failures that lead to

  9. Learning Marketing Accounting Skills in the Introductory Marketing Course: The Development, Use, and Acceptance of a Self-Study Tutorial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Yi Ju; Greenberg, Barnett; Dickson, Peter; Goodrich, Jonathan

    2012-01-01

    A self-study tutorial designed to teach, through a learning-by-doing application, how important marketing accounting is to the whole firm, and why every business graduate should have a solid understanding of marketing accounting is tested using an exam and satisfaction survey. Performance on the exam and satisfaction with the tutorial depended…

  10. ARAACtional exuberance : lessons and prospects for age-restricted active adult housing development in Massachusetts

    E-print Network

    Dawson, Sloan William

    2010-01-01

    In the last fifteen years, Massachusetts and neighboring states have experienced explosive growth in a hitherto alien form of residential development to the region: the age-restricted active adult retirement community ...

  11. An integrated FDM-ANP evaluation model for sustainable development of housing community

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei-Ming Wang; Amy H. I. Lee; Ding-Tsair Chang

    2010-01-01

    When sustainable development becomes the global trend on residential environment, the transformation of abstract concepts\\u000a into practicable implementations is necessary. In consequence, an objective evaluation model on regional property needs to\\u000a established and carried out to examine the effectiveness and performance of local action. Because of the limitations of the\\u000a small area and dense population in Taiwan, the development trend

  12. Social Mix and the `Balanced Community' in British housing policy – a tale of two epochs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ian Cole; Barry Goodchild

    2000-01-01

    In Britain, concepts of `social mix' and the `balanced community' provide an example of how policy discourses have adapted to changing conceptions of the role of the state in public provision, forms of social division and inequality, and housing market transformations. The recent development of a policy agenda by the Labour government in Britain devised to promote more socially balanced

  13. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  14. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  15. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  16. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  17. 24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing quality...

  18. Housing Archetype Analysis for Home Energy-Efficient Retrofit in the Great Lakes Region

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, S. K.; Mrozowski, T.; Harrell-Seyburn, A.; Ehrlich, N.; Hembroff, L.; Bieburn, B.; Mazor, M.; McIntyre, A.; Mutton, C.; Parsons, G.; Syal, M. G.; Wilkinson, R.

    2014-09-01

    This project report details activities and results of the 'Market Characterization' project undertaken by the Cost Effective Energy Retrofit (CEER) team targeted toward the DOE goal of achieving 30%-50% reduction in existing building energy use. CEER consists of members from the Dow Chemical Company, Michigan State University, Ferris State University and Habitat for Humanity Kent County. The purpose of this market characterization project was to identify housing archetypes which are dominant within Great Lakes region and therefore offer significant potential for energy-efficient retrofit research and implementation due to the substantial number of homes possessing similar characteristics. Understanding the characteristics of housing groups referred to as 'archetypes' by vintage, style, and construction characteristics can allow research teams to focus their retrofit research and develop prescriptive solutions for those structure types which are prevalent and offer high potential uptake within a region or market. Key research activities included; literature review, statistical analysis of national and regional data of the American Housing Survey (AHS) collected by the U.S. Census Bureau, analysis of Michigan specific data, development of a housing taxonomy of architectural styles, case studies of two local markets (i.e., Ann Arbor and Grand Rapids in Michigan) and development of a suggested framework (or process) for characterizing local markets. In order to gain a high level perspective, national and regional data from the U.S. Census Bureau was analyzed using cross tabulations, multiple regression models, and logistic regression to characterize the housing stock and determine dominant house types using 21 variables.

  19. Are Maternal Antibodies Really That Important? Patterns in the Immunologic Development of Altricial Passerine House Sparrows (Passer domesticus)

    PubMed Central

    King, Marisa O.; Owen, Jeb P.; Schwabl, Hubert G.

    2010-01-01

    Background Maternal antibodies are believed to play an integral role in protecting immunologically immature wild-passerines from environmental antigens. This study comprehensively examines the early development of the adaptive immune system in an altricial-developing wild passerine species, the house sparrow (Passer domestics), by characterizing the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma, the onset of de novo synthesis of endogenous antibodies by nestlings, and the timing of immunological independence, where nestlings rely entirely on their own antibodies for immunologic protection. Methodology/Principal Findings In an aviary study we vaccinated females against a novel antigen that these birds would not otherwise encounter in their natural environment, and measured both antigen-specific and total antibody concentration in the plasma of females, yolks, and nestlings. We traced the transfer of maternal antibodies from females to nestlings through the yolk and measured catabolisation of maternal antigen-specific antibodies in nestlings during early development. By utilizing measurements of non-specific and specific antibody levels in nestling plasma we were able to calculate the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma and the time point at which nestling were capable of synthesizing antibodies themselves. Based on the short half-life of maternal antibodies, the rapid production of endogenous antibodies by nestlings and the relatively low transfer of maternal antibodies to nestlings, our findings suggest that altricial-developing sparrows achieve immunologic independence much earlier than precocial birds. Conclusions/Significance To our knowledge, this is the first in depth analyses performed on the adaptive immune system of a wild-passerine species. Our results suggest that maternal antibodies may not confer the immunologic protection or immune priming previously proposed in other passerine studies. Further research needs to be conducted on other altricial passerines to determine if the results of our study are a species-specific phenomenon or if they apply to all altricial-developing birds. PMID:20300173

  20. US/ECRE and renewable energy market development: An institutional perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Siegel, J.M.

    1997-12-01

    The author presents a summary of the structure and program of the US Export Council for Renewable Energy (US/ECRE). This organization was founded in 1982 as a consortium of US renewable energy trade associations, and is the non-profit/industry counterpart of CORECT. It serves to accelerate the diffusion of sustainable renewable energy services worldwide, and to enhance US industry`s position in this expanded marketplace. The projected energy growth in the next 20 years is expected to favor developing countries. Barriers in the way of renewable energy development include technology awareness, financing and risk reception, policy decisions, and institutional barriers. The industrial team hopes to address this problem through several different programs: strategic alliances; end-user outreach; industry market development; policy/project development; financing and facilitation. The program involves several phases: first, market conditioning; second, regional conferences and exhibitions; third, follow-up and implementation. There are currently four major focus areas for US effort: Latin America and the Caribbean; southern Africa; Asia; Russia and the FSU. The status of programs addressed toward these markets is described in more detail.

  1. Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

    Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

  2. Selling In-House Training Outside.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hequet, Marc

    1991-01-01

    Questions to consider before marketing in-house training externally include (1) balancing internal and external clients, accounting for costs, being concerned about proprietary information, finding the right niche, and determining whether profitability is a goal. (SK)

  3. Aspects of the Development of Housing for the Spaceflight of Pregnant and Lactating Rats with Neonates

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hinds, William E.; Mayer, David J.; Evans, Juli; Spratt, Shahn; Lane, Philip K.; Rodriguez, Shari L.; Navidi, Meena; Armstrong, Rachel; Lemos, Bonnie; Dalton, Bonnie P. (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    Recent and upcoming spaceflights are investigating the effect of weightlessness on developing neural and organ systems. Pregnant rats and dams with neonates have to be accommodated in cages that support the special requirements of these animals. Extensive ground testing of cage concepts, the effect of launch and landing stresses on the maintenance of pregnancy and maternal behavior at different neonatal ages, and techniques for monitoring adaptability to change are discussed. A spaceflight opportunity for the NlH.R3 payload of rat families at three different postnatal ages demonstrated that the survival of very young animals was not good but that older newborns could be returned to Earth in reasonably good health. The development of cages for the Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF) to support the flight of neonates on Neurolab was continued and incorporated modifications that were demonstrated by the NIH.R3 flight. Other modifications to the RAHF are discussed. Data from biocompatibility and experiment verification testing are presented.

  4. Technology development activities for housing research animals on Space Station Freedom

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenner, Jeffrey W.; Garin, Vladimir M.; Nguyen, Frank D.

    1991-01-01

    The development and design of animal facilities are described in terms of the technological needs for NASA's Biological Flight Research Laboratory. Animal habitats are presented with illustrations which encompass waste-collection techniques for microgravity conditions that reduce the need for crew participation. The technology is intended to be highly compatible with animal morphology, and airflow is employed as the primary mechanism of waste control. The airflow can be utilized in the form of localized high-speed directed flow that simultaneously provides a clean animal habitat and low airflow rates. The design of an animal-habitat testbed is presented which capitalizes on contamination-control mechanisms and suitable materials for microgravity conditions. The developments in materials and technologies represent significant contributions for the design of the centrifuge facilities for the Space Station Freedom.

  5. Neonatal Exposure to Pneumococcal Phosphorylcholine Modulates the Development of House Dust Mite Allergy During Adult Life1

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Preeyam S.; Kearney, John F.

    2015-01-01

    Currently, approximately 20% of the global population suffers from an allergic disorder. Allergies and asthma occur at higher rates in developed and industrialized countries. It is clear that many human atopic diseases are initiated neonatally, and herald more severe IgE-mediated disorders, including allergic asthma, which is driven by the priming of TH2 effector T cells. The “hygiene hypothesis” attempts to link the increased excessively sanitary conditions early in life, to a default TH2 response and increasing allergic phenomena. Despite the substantial involvement of IgE antibodies in such conditions, little attention has been paid to the effects of early microbial exposure on the B cell repertoire prior to the initiation of these diseases. Here, we use antibody-binding assays to demonstrate that Streptococcus pneumoniae and house dust mite (HDM) bear similar phosphorylcholine (PC) epitopes. Neonatal C57BL/6 mice immunized with a PC-bearing pneumococcal vaccine expressed increased frequencies of PC-specific B cells in the lungs following sensitizing exposure to HDM as adults. Anti-PC IgM antibodies in the lung decreased the interaction of HDM with pulmonary APCs and were affiliated with lowered allergy-associated cell infiltration into the lung, IgE production, development of airway hyperresponsiveness, and TH2 T cell priming. Thus, exposure of neonatal mice to PC-bearing pneumococci significantly reduced the development of HDM-induced allergic disease during adult life. Our findings demonstrate that B cells generated against conserved epitopes expressed by bacteria, encountered early in life, are also protective against the development of allergic disease during adult life. PMID:25957171

  6. Interpersonal trust between marketing and R&D during new product development projects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graham R. Massey; Elias Kyriazis

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The primary objective of this research is to test a model examining interpersonal trust between marketing managers and R&D managers during new product development projects. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this study interpersonal trust as a bi-dimensional construct with cognitive and affective components is conceptualised. The authors' integrative structural model specifies Weber's structural\\/bureaucratic dimensions – formalisation and centralisation to predict

  7. Hood River Passive House

    SciTech Connect

    Hales, D.

    2013-03-01

    The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

  8. "Why Not in Our Community?": Removing Barriers to Affordable Housing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The past decade or so has been a true "comeback" era for American cities. Once proclaimed to be rather dead and lifeless, many urban centers have been reinvigorated through massive capital investments in a number of mega-projects, including huge residential and retail developments. Unfortunately, a number of people are now unable to afford to live in the cities in which they work. This latest report from the Department of Housing and Urban Development looks at the regulatory barriers that impact the availability of affordable housing around the United States. Released in February 2005, the 31-page report finds that "outdated, exclusionary and unnecessary regulations continue to block the construction or rehabilitation of affordable housing in some parts of America". Some of these specific trends in today's housing markets include complex environmental regulations, "smart growth" principles, and various impact fees that may be assessed on such developments. The report will definitely be of interest to those with an interest in housing policy in the United States and in urban policies and trends more generally.

  9. Root Causes of the Housing Bubble

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Taisei Kaizoji

    2009-01-01

    \\u000a In this chapter we investigate root causes of the recent US housing bubble which has been caused a serious downturn in US\\u000a economic growth since autumn of 2008. We propose a simple model of housing markets in order to indicate the possible determinants\\u000a of recent housing prices. Utilizing the model, we verify a number of hypotheses which have been proposed

  10. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  11. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  12. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  13. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  14. 24 CFR 203.426 - Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Inapplicability to housing in older declining urban areas. 203.426 Section 203.426 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing...

  15. House Allocation With Fractional Endowments Stergios Athanassoglou

    E-print Network

    Sethuraman, Jay

    rewarded in comparison to her peers. For this general model, we design an algorithm to find a fractional house, we recover the housing market model, first considered by Shapley and Scarf [9]. For this model, Shapley and Scarf proposed the Top-Trading Cycles mechanism (attributed to Gale) that finds the unique

  16. Housing Segregation: Causes, Effects, Possible Cures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orfield, Gary

    Though Congress long ago declared housing discrimination illegal, there is very little enforcement of the law, and in 2000, the isolation of minority families remains high. The most recent federal and local studies of the housing market and of lending practices indicate continued and widespread discrimination. Segregated black communities extend…

  17. House Warming

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Twin Cities Public Television

    2013-01-01

    In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

  18. Encounters with consumption during computer-mediated play: the development of digital games as marketing communication media

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Molesworth

    2003-01-01

    This paper explores the use of digital games for marketing communications using two theoretical perspectives. Firstly, the external contexts in which video game play takes place and secondly, internal game processes that are likely to be of interest to marketers and game developers. Findings from exploratory focus groups support the use of brand placement in games. Players feel that it

  19. Development of Vocational Education and Training Standards: The Impact of Labour Market Information. Manual. Qualifications and Training Methods.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mansfield, Bob, Ed.

    This is the third publication in the European Training Foundation's (ETF's) series of manuals designed to support development of vocational education and training (VET) standards. This volume looks at ways in which VET standards are linked to labor market demands and how relevant VET standards are to the needs of employment in a market economy.…

  20. Where Do We Go from Here? The Use of the Market Analysis Survey in Needs Assessment and Program Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Michael H.

    Market analysis can provide a mechanism for making needs assessment functional and for focusing program development on constituencies in the community that need to be served. The main goals of market analysis are to generate usable information, document needs, assign priorities, locate resources, and respond to identified needs in a systematic…

  1. Development of a Standards, Testing, and Certification Program to Support the Domestic Solar Water Heating Market in China

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. L. Wallace; S. J. Liu; Z. Y. Wang

    É Abstract: China is the world's largest market for solar water heaters, having an estimated cumulative installed capacity of 80 million m2 of flat plate and all-glass evacuated tube collector systems at the end of 2005. In order to help create the conditions that can insure the continued growth and expansion of this market, the United Nations Development Programme and

  2. From market sensing to new concept development in consultancies: The role of information processing and organizational capabilities

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Heusinkveld; J. G. J. M. Benders; Robert-Jan van den Berg

    2009-01-01

    To keep in tune with market demand, consultancies are constantly involved in ‘new concept development’. Therefore, these knowledge entrepreneurs seek to ‘sense incipient preferences’ among their clients. However, little is known about how the results of such ‘sensing processes’ are translated into new concepts. Drawing on market orientation literature and longitudinal case study data, this paper seeks to open up

  3. The Internationalization Process of the Firm—A Model of Knowledge Development and Increasing Foreign Market Commitments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Johanson; Jan-Erik Vahlne

    1977-01-01

    On the basis of empirical research, a model of the internationalization process of the firm is developed. The model focuses on the gradual acquisition, integration and use of knowledge about foreign markets and operations, and on the incrementally increasing commitments to foreign markets. In particular, attention is concentrated on the increasing involvement in the individual foreign country.© 1977 JIBS. Journal

  4. Development in an incomplete information framework — the markets for physical and human capital from a fuzzy perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zs. Koczan

    2009-01-01

    Asymmetric or incomplete information is a common and much discussed feature of market interactions, often constituting the difference between 'off the shelf' policy prescriptions and the realities of the development process. Besides outlining the resulting imperfections in the markets for physical and human capital, this paper attempts to provide an introduction to the applicability of fuzzy set theory to these

  5. Home for now: A mixed-methods evaluation of a short-term housing support program for homeless families.

    PubMed

    Meschede, Tatjana; Chaganti, Sara

    2015-10-01

    The use of short-term rental subsidy vouchers offers a new approach to addressing the housing needs of families facing homelessness. In Massachusetts, the Family Home pilot program placed homeless families in housing instead of shelter, providing two years of rental subsidy plus support services with the goal of enabling families to maintain market rate housing. This mixed-method case study complements staff and participant interview data with participant survey and administrative data to evaluate the implementation and short-term outcomes of Family Home in one region. Data point to improved family well-being in housing but also persistent barriers to achieving longer-term housing and economic stability. Of the families who had exited the program at the end of the study, one quarter were able to retain their housing at market rate, only 9% returned to shelter, and one in five moved in with families/friends. Lack of affordable housing in a high rental cost region and jobs that pay living wages were among the major reasons that families struggled to maintain housing. This research points to the need for integrating supportive services from the program's start, including targeted workforce development, to plan for the end of the short-term rental subsidy. PMID:25989204

  6. Baby Boom, Population Aging, and Capital Markets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gurdip S. Bakshi; Zhiwu Chen

    1994-01-01

    This article tests how demographic changes affect capital markets. The life-cycle investment hypothesis states that at an early stage an investor allocates more wealth in housing and then switches to financial assets at a later stage. Consequently, the stock market should rise but the housing market should decline with the average age, a prediction supported in the post-1945 period. The

  7. Energy and water development appropriations for 1984. Part 4. Department of Energy FY 1984 budget justifications. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    Text of the hearings is presented covering budget highlights; atomic energy defense activities; energy supply, research and development, general science and research; uranium enrichment; geothermal resources development fund; power marketing administration; departmental administration; and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. (PSB)

  8. Development of a model to measure market potential for Texas produce--onions and potatoes

    E-print Network

    Huie, Evelyn Melissa

    1986-01-01

    DEVELOPMENT OF A MODEL TO MEASURE MARKET POTENTIAL FOR TEXAS PRODUCE ? ONIONS AND POTATOES A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Eve 1 yn Me 1 i sea Hu i e Submitted to the College of Agriculture of Tevas Ai&M University in par tial fulf i 1 lment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF AGRICULTURE Decemberi 1986 Department of *gr i cu1 tur al Economi cs Commodity Analysis DEVELOPMENT OF A MODEL TO MEASURE M*RHET POTENTIAL FOR TEXAS PRODUCE ? ONIONS AND POTATOES A Professional Paper by Evelyn...

  9. Observation of Frustrated Correlation Structure in a Well-Developed Financial Market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yoshikawa, T.; Iino, T.; Iyetomi, H.

    We approach the correlation structure in the Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) market through a concept of community of network. To construct a network, the correlation matrix of stock price changes, purified by random matrix theory, is regarded as an adjacency matrix. The stock correlation network thus constructed has negatively weighted links as well as positively weighted links. By extracting groups in which stocks are mainly interconnected by positive links, we find that the stocks decomposed into four comoving groups forming communities, three of which are strongly anticorrelated to each other, and the remainder is comparatively neutral to the rest of the communities. The conflicting triangle relationship between communities may cause complicated behavior in a well-development market such as TSE. Additionally, it is observed that some industrial sectors form distinctive coherent groups and others are separated to competing communities.

  10. Policies and market factors driving wind power development in the United States

    SciTech Connect

    Bird, Lori; Parsons, Brian; Gagliano, Troy; Brown, Matthew; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2003-07-30

    In the United States, there has been substantial recent growth in wind energy generating capacity, with growth averaging 24 percent annually during the past five years. About 1,700 MW of wind energy capacity was installed in 2001, while another 410 MW became operational in 2002. This year (2003) shows promise of significant growth with more than 1,100 MW planned. With this growth, an increasing number of states are experiencing investment in wind energy projects. Wind installations currently exist in about half of all U.S. states. This paper explores the key factors at play in the states in which a substantial amount of wind energy capacity has been developed or planned. Some of the factors that are examined include policy drivers, such as renewable portfolio standards (RPS), federal and state financial incentives, and integrated resource planning; as well as market drivers, such as consumer demand for green power, natural gas price volatility, and wholesale market rules.

  11. Housing and child health.

    PubMed

    Weitzman, Michael; Baten, Ahmareen; Rosenthal, David G; Hoshino, Risa; Tohn, Ellen; Jacobs, David E

    2013-09-01

    The connection between housing and health is well established. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the child's home, such as cleanliness, moisture, pests, noise, accessibility, injury risks, and other forms of housing environmental quality, all have the potential to influence multiple aspects of the health and development of children. Basic sanitation, reduced household crowding, other improvements in housing and expanded, and improved housing regulations have led to advances in children's health. For example, lead poisoning prevention policies have profoundly reduced childhood lead exposure in the United States. This and many other successes highlight the health benefits for families, particularly children, by targeting interventions that reduce or eliminate harmful exposures in the home. Additionally, parental mental health problems, food insecurity, domestic violence, and the presence of guns in children's homes all are largely experienced by children in their homes, which are not as yet considered part of the Healthy Homes agenda. There is a large movement and now a regulatory structure being put in place for healthy housing, which is becoming closely wedded with environmental health, public health, and the practice of pediatrics. The importance of homes in children's lives, history of healthy homes, asthma, and exposures to lead, carbon monoxide, secondhand/thirdhand smoke, radon, allergy triggers is discussed, as well as how changes in ambient temperature, increased humidity, poor ventilation, water quality, infectious diseases, housing structure, guns, electronic media, family structure, and domestic violence all affect children's health. PMID:23953987

  12. 7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FRESH PEARS AND PEACHES GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and...

  13. How successfully can academic faculty practices compete in developing managed care markets?

    PubMed

    Culbertson, R A

    1996-08-01

    The author investigated the range of competitive options available for academic faculty practices and their associated academic medical centers located in health care markets with relatively limited development of managed care plans. Using personal and telephone interviews, he studied two such markets in 1994, one in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and one in Atlanta, Georgia. Representatives of faculty practices in these cities were asked to assess whether their practices would be attractive or unattractive for contracting with managed care providers; eight attributes of faculty practices (e.g., specialist physicians' availability within the group; prices of services offered by the group) were used as criteria. Similarly, representatives of local managed care plans were asked to use the same criteria to indicate what they would consider attractive or not in their local faculty practices when considering a physician services contract with such a practice. In both markets, the image of the academic medical center was generally considered to be a strong asset to the faculty practices. But all sectors also agreed that the nature of practices' utilization management and what was seen as their excessive use of resources in the academic environment were causes for concern. Also, the difference between the practice patterns of managed care physicians and academic faculty physicians was regarded as a cultural one in which traditional patterns of academic training are considered inimical to fostering the prudent management of patients. The findings strongly suggest that opportunities for faculty practices to negotiate with managed care plans and help shape their areas' future health care environments still exist in developing markets throughout the United States. But even those practices with such opportunities cannot succeed without significant internal restructuring to transform themselves to successfully deal with the new world of managed care. PMID:9125962

  14. 77 FR 31374 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB; Rural Housing Stability Program...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-25

    ...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Collection to OMB; Rural Housing Stability...requirements that Rural Housing Stability...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...Department of Housing and Urban Development has submitted...Title of Proposal: Rural Housing...

  15. Land Cover Mapping for the Development of Green House Gas (GHG) Inventories in the Eastern and Southern Africa Region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wakhayanga, J. A.; Oduor, P.; Korme, T.; Farah, H.; Limaye, A. S.; Irwin, D.; Artis, G.

    2014-12-01

    Anthropogenic activities are responsible for the largest share of green house gas (GHG) emissions. Research has shown that greenhouse gases cause radioactive forcing in the stratosphere, leading to ozone depletion. Different land cover types act as sources or sinks of carbon dioxide (CO2), the most dominant GHG.Under the oversight of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) the Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) region countries are developing Sustainable National GHG Inventory Management Systems. While the countries in the ESA region are making substantial progress in setting up GHG inventories, there remains significant constraints in the development of quality and sustainable National GHG Inventory Systems. For instance, there are fundamental challenges in capacity building and technology transfer, which can affect timely and consistent reporting on the land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) component of the GHG inventory development. SERVIR Eastern and Southern Africa is a partnership project between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Regional Center for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD), an intergovernmental organization in Africa, with 21 member states in the ESA region. With support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), SERVIR ESA is implementing the GHG Project in 9 countries. The main deliverables of the project are land cover maps for the years 2000 and 2010 (also 1990 for Malawi and Rwanda), and related technical reports, as well as technical training in land cover mapping using replicable methodologies. Landsat imagery which is freely available forms the main component of earth observation input data, in addition to ancillary data collected from each country. Supervised classification using maximum likelihood algorithm is applied to the Landsat images. The work is completed for the initial 6 countries (Malawi, Zambia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Botswana, and Namibia) and ongoing in the additional 3 countries (Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda). Our presentation focuses on the status of the GHG Project, with particular emphasis on the replicable methods adopted, dissemination mechanisms and technology transfer, as well as the database of products delivered to participating countries.

  16. Migrant Housing in Urban China: Choices and Constraints

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WEIPING WU

    2002-01-01

    China'srecent wavesof internal migration, primarily rural to urban, reflect a rapidly urbanizing society undergoing a transition from a planned to a market economy. The author addresses two key questions: what access migrants have to urban housing and how migrant housing conditions compare with those of the locals. The main findings are based on citywide housing surveys and interviews conducted in

  17. Housing inequality in urban China in the 1990s

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John R. Logan; Yanjie Bian; Fuqin Bian

    1999-01-01

    Access to housing of sufficient space and quality has been a central element in social stratification in urban China. We examine the sources of housing inequality in 1993 in Shanghai and Tianjin, when a market reform process had been underway in the national economy for nearly fifteen years. The Chinese housing allocation system favors people with political position and connections,

  18. Housing system and laying hen strain impacts on egg microbiology

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Alternative hen housing is becoming more commonplace in the egg market. However, a complete understanding of the implication of alternative housing systems on egg safety has not been achieved. The current study examines the impact of housing Hy-Line Brown, Hy-Line Silver Brown, and Barred Plymouth...

  19. THE CHAMELEON HOUSE: AN ADAPTIVE SUSTAINABLE MANUFACTURED HOME

    EPA Science Inventory

    In the United States, 7.43% of occupied housing units are manufactured homes. Currently, 17.28 million Americans live in manufactured homes. Yet, manufactured housing is still an under-examined component of the domestic housing market. Manufactured homes are factory-built ...

  20. Real Estate Brokers: Do they inflate housing prices?

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    broker intermediation. Key words: residential real estate market, broker intermediation, brokers' effect estate brokers). A seller, marketing his house without intermediation of real estate brokers, bearsReal Estate Brokers: Do they inflate housing prices? The case of France Wendy Violand Arnaud Simon1

  1. Can we predict the property cycle? A study of securitized property market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hui, Eddie Chi-Man; Wang, Ziyou

    2015-05-01

    Academia takes interest in cyclicality of real estate market. Compared to various findings on housing cycles, no literature takes insight into the cycles of securitized property markets. To address the issue, a nonlinear model is developed to probe into the characteristics of cycles in global markets (US, UK, Australia, Japan, Singapore and Hong Kong) over the last 23 years. The findings suggest that (a) cointegrating relationships influence the six markets in the long term and become stronger during bullish markets. (b) The short-term dynamics of each market is more likely to have a regime-switching structure. (c) The cyclical pattern shows differences between securitized property and housing markets, as well as between securitized property and general stock markets. Meanwhile, the cyclical pattern in developed markets is also different from that in developing markets. (d) The duration dependence shows a weak effect of the boom on predicting the occurrence of the upcoming bust. Instead, the magnitude of boom growth plays a significant role in predicting the duration of following bust. (e) The asymmetric analysis brings forward the "paralleling effect" which indicates that the asymmetry in returns is parallel with the movements of r. The methodology shall serve in providing detailed implications on the characters of cycle and duration forecast in securitized property markets for investors and governments.

  2. A development and application of concepts relevant to the unification of the theories of land use, value, and market area

    E-print Network

    Hale, Carl Wilton

    1961-01-01

    A DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF CONCEPTS RELEVANT TO THE UNIFICATION OF THE THEORIES OF LAND USE, VALUE, AND MARKET AREA A, Thesis By CARL Nil 'TON HALE Submitted to the Graduate Schqol qf the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas... in Partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SC/ENCE May 1961 Major Subject: Economics A DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF CONCEPTS RELEVANT TO THK UNIFICATION OF THK THEQR, IES OF LAND USE, " VALUE; AND MARKET AREA A Thesis...

  3. Usability in product development practice; an exploratory case study comparing four markets.

    PubMed

    van Kuijk, Jasper; van Driel, Liesbeth; van Eijk, Daan

    2015-03-01

    This study explored how usability was dealt with in four product development organizations active in different sectors: high-end automotive, professional printers and copiers, office coffee makers and fast moving consumer goods. The primary differentiators of the selected cases were whether they were targeting businesses or consumers and the degree of product complexity. Interviews with 19 product development practitioners were conducted, focussing on three topics: 1) the product development process and the integration of user involvement, 2) multidisciplinary teamwork, and 3) organizational attitude towards usability. Based on the interviews, context descriptions of the companies were created and barriers and enablers for usability were identified. To verify the findings and to discuss remaining issues a feedback workshop was held in which the primary contact from each company participated. The results indicate that differences in product-market combination lead to differences in organizational attitude towards usability. The prioritization of usability in an organization seems to be influenced by the degree of product complexity (complex products are more prone to suffer from usability issues) and whether developers think that usability is a purchase consideration for their clients. The product-market combination a company targets also affects the methods for user-centred design that a company can apply and that are relevant. What methods for user-centred design are used also seems to be influenced by the attitude towards usability: if usability is considered more important, methods that require more resources can be applied. PMID:25480002

  4. 75 FR 8393 - Housing Counseling Training Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ...URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5376-N-09] Housing Counseling Training Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information...lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Housing Counseling Training Program. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0567....

  5. 24 CFR 884.222 - Inapplicability of low-rent public housing model lease and grievance procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Section 884.222 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT (SECTION 8...SET-ASIDE FOR SECTION 515 RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROJECTS...

  6. National Low Income Housing Coalition

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2005-01-01

    Amid the successes of new residential housing developments throughout the United States, there are many policy analysts and community activists who remain concern about the general lack of affordable housing in some parts of the country. One such group is the National Low Income Housing Coalition, which is primarily focused on the creation and maintenance of housing for persons in the lowest income brackets. The site itself is quite rich in materials, including the Advocateâ??s Guide which contains short chapters describing more than 60 housing-related programs, proposals, and issues. Another very useful set of documents are the â??Out of Reachâ?ť annual reports, which offer statistical data and summaries of the affordability (or lack of affordability) of housing options in different regions of the country.

  7. Anatomy of a Smart house

    SciTech Connect

    Kennedy, L.

    1988-07-01

    The author describes the Gas Laboratory House in Bowie, MD. It is being built as a SMART HOUSE. This means it will contain a whole-house control system made up of communication chips, computer programs and microprocessor-based controllers. A single cable carries signals from the chips to many different types of appliances. Flexible gas piping forms a ''circulatory system'' that makes the house completely compatible with natural gas appliances. The SMART HOUSE is fully programmable so that appliances can be told when to turn on and off. It can also have a zoned space-conditioning system, allowing sections of the house to be heated or cooled independently. The authors explains how the system works and the project's development schedule.

  8. Cost-Effectiveness of a Community-Level HIV Risk Reduction Intervention for Women Living in Low-Income Housing Developments

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ana P. Johnson-Masotti; Steven D. Pinkerton; Kathleen J. Sikkema; Jeffrey A. Kelly; David A. Wagstaff

    2005-01-01

    We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis of a multi-site community-level HIV prevention trial that enrolled women living in 18 low-income housing developments in 5 U.S. cities. A mathematical model of HIV transmission was used to estimate the number of HIV infections averted and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) saved by the community-level intervention, based on data obtained from community-wide sexual behavior surveys

  9. Marketing Academic Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mallon, Melissa, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    Ask any academic librarian if marketing their library and its services is an important task, and the answer will most likely be a resounding "yes!" Particularly in economically troubled times, librarians are increasingly called upon to promote their services and defend their library's worth. Since few academic libraries have in-house marketing

  10. International Finance and Domestic Financial Market Development: The Case of Indonesia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WILLIAM E. JAMES

    The order of financial market reform in Indonesia, which largely preceded real sector liberalization, was unusual as the external capital account was opened prior to domestic financial market reform. It is posited that changes in financial market policies in Indonesia were strongly influenced by changing circumstances in Indonesia's access to external finance and to changing conditions in international financial markets.

  11. The Impact of Oil Price Fluctuations on Stock Markets in Developed and Emerging Economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thai-Ha LE; Youngho CHANG

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the response of stock markets to oil price volatilities in Japan, Singapore, Korea and Malaysia by applying the generalized impulse response and variance decomposition analyses to the monthly data spanning 1986:01 – 2011:02. The results suggest that the reaction of stock markets to oil price shocks varies significantly across markets. Specifically, the stock market responds positively in

  12. The impact of oil price fluctuations on stock markets in developed and emerging economies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thai-Ha Le; Youngho Chang

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the response of stock markets to oil price volatilities in Japan, Singapore, Korea and Malaysia by applying the generalized impulse response and variance decomposition analyses to the monthly data spanning 1986:01 – 2011:02. The results suggest that the reaction of stock markets to oil price shocks varies significantly across markets. Specifically, the stock market responds positively in

  13. Establishing cause for developing and implementing a broad-based marketing effort for the health education field.

    PubMed

    Stellefson, Michael; Barry, Adam; Chaney, Beth H; Chaney, J Don; Hanik, Bruce

    2011-05-01

    What exactly is health education? Professionals with advanced degrees in health education have most likely encountered questions such as these either during introductory coursework or from those inquiring about the field. These queries can prove quite perplexing when asked by individuals who are unaware of the health education profession. Because the act of marketing health education is crucial to the sustainability of the field, the purpose of this article is to (a) explore the issue of describing and promoting health education, (b) establish ideas that can facilitate the provision of coordinated marketing efforts, and (c) offer marketing management and implementation principles that can assist in marketing both health education and health educators. Based on this discussion, the authors suggest building mainstream consensus in regards to marketing message development and implementation to better position health education. PMID:19815656

  14. Social congestion in Shanghai : an urban housing project designed on its sections

    E-print Network

    Ge, Wenjun, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    The new housing developments of Shanghai rely on high-rise building, demolishing the prevailing low-rise high-density housing, known as Lilong housing, built in the early 20th century, and known as Lilong housing. The ...

  15. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  16. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  17. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  18. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  19. 24 CFR 906.23 - Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC HOUSING HOMEOWNERSHIP PROGRAMS Program Administration § 906.23 Protections available to non-purchasing public housing residents....

  20. New Trends in Student Housing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koch, David; Wesse, David; Stickney, Robert

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the influence of residence halls in supporting a college's admissions and recruiting process for attracting highly qualified students. It explores the trends in student housing needs and how a school can meet those needs, and examines possible funding solutions for dormitory renovations. Recommendations for developing housing strategies…

  1. Factors Influencing Water Consumption in Multifamily Housing in Tempe Arizona

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wentz, E. A.

    2012-12-01

    Central to the "Smart Growth" movement is that compact development reduces vehicle miles traveled, carbon emissions, and water use. Empirical efforts to evaluate compact development have examined residential densities, but have not distinguished decreasing lot sizes from multifamily apartments as mechanisms for compact development. Efforts to link design features to water use have emphasized single-family at the expense of multifamily housing. This study isolates the determinants of water use in large (>50) unit apartment complexes in the city of Tempe, Arizona. In July 2007, per-bedroom water use increased with pool area, dishwashers, in-unit laundry facilities, and irrigated landscaping. We explain nearly 50% of the variation in water use with these variables. These results inform public policy for reducing water use in multifamily housing structures, suggesting strategies to construct and market "green" apartment units.

  2. Housing Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmalz, Georgann

    1985-01-01

    Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

  3. Scientific challenges and opportunities in developing novel vaccines for the emerging and developing markets

    PubMed Central

    Kochhar, Sonali

    2013-01-01

    Vaccines have had a major role in enhancing the quality of life and increasing life expectancy. Despite these successes and the development of new vaccine technologies, there remain multiple infectious diseases including AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis that require effective prophylactic vaccines. New and traditional technologies have a role in the development and delivery of the new vaccine candidates. The scientific challenges, opportunities and funding models for developing vaccines for low resource settings are highlighted here. PMID:23322007

  4. Solar energy, conservation, and rental housing

    SciTech Connect

    Levine, A.; Raab, J.

    1981-03-01

    Renters must pay the majority of energy costs either directly or in their rents. They have limited financial and legal abilities to make improvements necessary to increase substantially the energy efficiency of rental housing. This report discusses the problem of how to increase investments in energy conservation and solar energy devices for rental housing, which constitutes over one-third of US housing. As background, this report characterizes the rental-housing market, including owners' decision-making criteria. Federal, state, and local policies that affect energy-related investments in rental housing are described. Programs are divided into five major categories: (1) programs for tenants, (2) financial incentives for owners, (3) leasing of solar energy equipment, (4) mediation between tenants and landlords, and (5) regulation. The report concludes that energy and conservation programs aimed at the residential sector must disaggregate owner-occupied housing from rental housing for maximum effect. No one program is advocated since local rental-housing markets differ substantially. For improvements greater than no-cost or low-cost items, programs must be directed at rental-housing owners and not only at tenants.

  5. Children in Public Housing Developments: An Examination of the Children at the Beginning of the Jobs-Plus Demonstration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Pamela; Jones, Stephanie; Smith, Jared

    Although it is commonly assumed that children living in public housing are at greater risk of experiencing academic and behavioral problems than other low-income children, there is little research available documenting the circumstances and experiences of these children and examining whether differences in outcomes between them and their…

  6. Development of an orange juice in-house reference material and its application to guarantee the quality of vitamin C determination in fruits, juices and fruit pulps.

    PubMed

    Valente, A; Sanches-Silva, A; Albuquerque, T G; Costa, H S

    2014-07-01

    Reference materials are useful for the quality control of analytical procedures and to evaluate the performance of laboratories. There are few and expensive certified reference materials commercially available for vitamin C or ascorbic acid analysis in food matrices. In this study, the preparation and the suitability assessment of an orange juice in-house reference material (RM) for vitamin C analysis in fruits, juices and in fruit pulps is described. This RM was used for the development and full validation of an HPLC method. The results showed excellent linearity (r(2)=0.9995), good accuracy (96.6-97.3%) and precision, as relative standard deviation, ranged from 0.70% to 3.67%. The in-house RM was homogenous and stable at storage conditions (-80°C) during 12 months. According to our results, this in-house RM is an excellent tool to use in quality control and method verification purposes for vitamin C analysis of fruits, juices and fruit pulps matrices. Furthermore, a stabilization solution with perchloric and metaphosphoric acids was developed which prevents degradation of ascorbic acid for a period of 12 months at -80°C. PMID:24518317

  7. Web Data Extraction for Online Market Intelligence

    E-print Network

    Oxford, University of

    market opportunity, market penetration strategy, and market development metrics." Market intelligenceWeb Data Extraction for Online Market Intelligence at the Oxford University Computing Laboratory Online market intelligence (OMI), and especially competitive intelligence for product pricing, is a very

  8. Impact of BRICS' investment in vaccine development on the global vaccine market.

    PubMed

    Kaddar, Miloud; Milstien, Julie; Schmitt, Sarah

    2014-06-01

    Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa--the countries known as BRICS--have made considerable progress in vaccine production, regulation and development over the past 20 years. In 1993, all five countries were producing vaccines but the processes used were outdated and non-standardized, there was little relevant research and there was negligible international recognition of the products. By 2014, all five countries had strong initiatives for the development of vaccine technology and had greatly improved their national regulatory capacity. South Africa was then the only BRICS country that was not completely producing vaccines. South Africa is now in the process of re-establishing its own vaccine production and passing beyond the stage of simply importing, formulating and filling vaccine bulks. Changes in the public sector's price per dose of selected vaccines, the global market share represented by products from specific manufacturers, and the attractiveness, for multinational companies, of partnership and investment opportunities in BRICS companies have all been analysed. The results indicate that the BRICS countries have had a major impact on vaccine price and availability, with much of that impact attributable to the output of Indian vaccine manufacturers. China is expected to have a greater impact soon, given the anticipated development of Chinese vaccine manufacturers in the near future. BRICS' accomplishments in the field of vaccine development are expected to reshape the global vaccine market and accelerate access to vaccines in the developing world. The challenge is to turn these expectations into strategic actions and practical outcomes. PMID:24940018

  9. Dairy intensification in developing countries: effects of market quality on farm-level feeding and breeding practices.

    PubMed

    Duncan, A J; Teufel, N; Mekonnen, K; Singh, V K; Bitew, A; Gebremedhin, B

    2013-12-01

    Smallholder dairy production represents a promising income generating activity for poor farmers in the developing world. Because of the perishable nature of milk, marketing arrangements for collection, distribution and sale are important for enhanced livelihoods in the smallholder dairy sector. In this study we examined the relationship between market quality and basic feeding and breeding practices at farm level. We define market quality as the attractiveness and reliability of procurement channels and associated input supply arrangements. We took as our study countries, India with its well-developed smallholder dairy sector, and Ethiopia where the smallholder dairy industry has remained relatively undeveloped despite decades of development effort. We conducted village surveys among producer groups in 90 villages across three States in India and two Regions in Ethiopia. Producer groups were stratified according to three levels of market quality - high, medium and low. Data showed that diet composition was relatively similar in India and Ethiopia with crop residues forming the major share of the diet. Concentrate feeding tended to be more prominent in high market quality sites. Herd composition changed with market quality with more dairy (exotic) cross-bred animals in high market quality sites in both India and Ethiopia. Cross-bred animals were generally more prominent in India than Ethiopia. Herd performance within breed did not change a great deal along the market quality gradient. Parameters such as calving interval and milk yield were relatively insensitive to market quality. Insemination of cross-bred cows was predominantly by artificial insemination (AI) in India and accounted for around half of cross-bred cow inseminations in Ethiopia. Data on perceptions of change over the last decade indicated that per herd and per cow productivity are both increasing in high market quality sites with a more mixed picture in medium and low-quality sites. Similarly dairy-derived income is on the increase in high market quality sites. This is accompanied by a strong increase in stall feeding at the expense of grazing. The study indicates that the first constraint to intensification of dairy production in Ethiopia is the genetic quality of the herd. There is less scope for improved AI provision in India since the cross-bred herd is mainly serviced by AI already. However, as for Ethiopia, there is considerable scope for closing yield gaps in India through improved feed use and supply. Results strongly show that well-developed markets with good procurement arrangements are key for sustainable dairy intensification. PMID:24103418

  10. Product development process design : improving development response to market, technical, and regulatory risks

    E-print Network

    Unger, Darian W. (Darian William), 1973-

    2003-01-01

    Engineering companies frequently face product development challenges. Competitive pressures, industrial or societal innovations, and government regulations are some of the many factors that drive the need for new or better ...

  11. Energy and water development appropriations for 1995. Hearings before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session, Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, Part 6

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    These are hearings on energy and water development appropriations. Included are the following areas: Environmental restoration and waste management; environment, safety and health; atomic energy defense activities; naval reactors; defense nuclear facilities safety board; power marketing administrations.

  12. The development of a multidimensional measure of job market cognitions: the Employment Opportunity Index (EOI).

    PubMed

    Griffeth, Rodger W; Steel, Robert P; Allen, David G; Bryan, Norman

    2005-03-01

    The purpose of this research was to develop a multidimensional measure of job market perceptions based on a meta-analysis. Item sets were developed to operationally define the dimensions and were tested among 3 samples. Results of a series of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in 3 samples indicated that the 5 scales have satisfactory psychometric properties, construct, and criterion-related validity. The 5 dimensions accounted for significant and relatively large amounts of turnover variance, even after a number of standard turnover predictors had been taken into account. The results suggest the presence of job search microprocesses in the employee turnover process. These microprocesses are described and integrated into current thinking about the turnover process. PMID:15769242

  13. Technology certification and technology acceptance: Promoting interstate cooperation and market development for innovative technologies

    SciTech Connect

    Brockbank, B.R.

    1995-03-01

    In the past two years, public and private efforts to promote development and deployment of innovative environmental technologies have shifted from the analysis of barriers to the implementation of a variety of initiatives aimed at surmounting those barriers. Particular attention has been directed at (1) streamlining fragmented technology acceptance processes within and among the states, and (2) alleviating disincentives, created by inadequate or unverified technology cost and performance data, for users and regulators to choose innovative technologies. Market fragmentation currently imposes significant cost burdens on technology developers and inhibits the investment of private capital in environmental technology companies. Among the responses to these problems are state and federal technology certification/validation programs, efforts to standardize cost/performance data reporting, and initiatives aimed at promoting interstate cooperation in technology testing and evaluation. This paper reviews the current status of these initiatives, identifies critical challenges to their success, and recommends strategies for addressing those challenges.

  14. Energy and water development appropriations bill, 1994. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, June 17, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    This report on the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Bill for 1994, submitted by the Committee on Appropriations, is submitted in explanation of the accompanying bill making appropriations for energy and water development for the fiscal year ending September 30, 1994, and for other purposes. Contained in the bill and report is pertinent budget information for the Department of Defense (Civil), Department of the Interior, Department of Energy, and Independent Agencies. A General Provision (regarding the Superconducting Super Collider) and House Reporting Requirement are provided.

  15. Impacts of Alternative Residential Energy Standards - Rural Housing Amendments Study, Phase I. Executive summary

    SciTech Connect

    Balistocky, S.; Bohn, A.A.; Heidell, J.A.; Hendrickson, P.L.; Lee, A.D.; Pratt, R.G.; Taylor, Z.T.

    1985-11-01

    The results of a preliminary study on the impacts of several national energy conservation standards that apply to manufactured housing (mobile homes) and conventional site-built housing are presented. The housing market and how these standards affect the overall energy economics of these two housing types are briefly discussed. (BCS)

  16. Estimating Housing Price: Kriging the Mean

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José-Ma Montero; Beatriz Larraz

    2006-01-01

    The price of houses and its evolution in recent years is one of the issues that citizens and, of course, political and economic authorities are worried about. In most of the developed countries the mean price (per square meter) of houses in an area is estimated by a simple average of single prices from a sample of houses that does

  17. Conformal House

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryttov, Thomas A.; Sannino, Francesco

    We investigate the gauge dynamics of nonsupersymmetric SU(N) gauge theories featuring the simultaneous presence of fermionic matter transforming according to two distinct representations of the underlying gauge group. We bound the regions of flavors and colors which can yield a physical infrared fixed point. As a consistency check we recover the previously investigated bounds of the conformal windows when restricting to a single matter representation. The earlier conformal windows can be imagined to be part now of the new conformal house. We predict the nonperturbative anomalous dimensions at the infrared fixed points. We further investigate the effects of adding mass terms to the condensates on the conformal house chiral dynamics and construct the simplest instanton induced effective Lagrangian terms.

  18. Smart Houses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1987-01-01

    GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

  19. Freedom House

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Founded in 1941, Freedom House was organized by prominent Americans who were concerned with mounting threats to peace and democracy. Today, as in previous decades, their mission includes promoting "the growth of freedom by encouraging U.S. policymakers, international institutions, and the governments of established democracies to adopt policies that advance human rights and democracy around the world." First-time visitors may wish to begin by looking to the right-hand side of the homepage to the "Around the World" section. Here visitors can learn about the work that the Freedom House organization is doing in other parts of the world, and more importantly, they can read their in-house reports on democratic movements in different countries. Moving along, the left-hand side of the page includes links to their other publications, which include the "Nations In Transit" series. This particular series takes a long view on political reform in the former Communist states of Europe and Eurasia. To really get a full appreciation of the site's contents and scope requires several visits, but it should have no problem holding the attention of public policy types and scholars.

  20. Design for energy efficiency: Energy efficient industrialized housing research program. Progress report

    SciTech Connect

    Kellett, R.; Berg, R.; Paz, A.; Brown, G.Z.

    1991-03-01

    Since 1989, the U.S. Department of Energy has sponsored the Energy Efficient Industrialized Housing research program (EEIH) to improve the energy efficiency of industrialized housing. Two research centers share responsibility for this program: The Center for Housing Innovation at the University of Oregon and the Florida Solar Energy Center, a research institute of the University of Central Florida. Additional funding is provided through the participation of private industry, state governments and utilities. The program is guided by a steering committee comprised of industry and government representatives. This report summarizes Fiscal Year (FY) 1990 activities and progress, and proposed activities for FY 1991 in Task 2.1 Design for Energy Efficiency. This task establishes a vision of energy conservation opportunities in critical regions, market segments, climate zones and manufacturing strategies significant to industrialized housing in the 21st Century. In early FY 1990, four problem statements were developed to define future housing demand scenarios inclusive of issues of energy efficiency, housing design and manufacturing. Literature surveys were completed to assess seven areas of influence for industrialized housing and energy conservation in the future. Fifty-five future trends were identified in computing and design process; manufacturing process; construction materials, components and systems; energy and environment; demographic context; economic context; and planning policy and regulatory context.