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1

Managing an Unstable Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper it is intended to place the recent experience of the Irish housing market in the context of economic and property market cycles, how these interact over a property cycle and lessons from recent policy experience including interventions in the housing area. In spatial terms the currenthousing market can be seen as the result of an ad-hoc development

Brendan Williams; Brian Hughes; Declan Redmond

2010-01-01

2

Spatial Analysis on Future Housing Markets: Economic Development and Housing Implications  

PubMed Central

A coupled projection method combining formal modelling and other statistical techniques was developed to delineate the relationship between economic and social drivers for net new housing allocations. Using the example of employment growth in Tyne and Wear, UK, until 2016, the empirical analysis yields housing projections at the macro- and microspatial levels (e.g., region to subregion to elected ward levels). The results have important implications for the strategic planning of locations for housing and employment, demonstrating both intuitively and quantitatively how local economic developments affect housing demand.

Liu, Xin; Wang, Lizhe

2014-01-01

3

The effect of House Market downturn on House Price Index  

Microsoft Academic Search

Downturn of housing markets is a fact leading to falling prices and lower volume of sales. In the Icelandic case this has led to problem because of fewer contracts and missing prices. This has caused difficult measurement problems that are outlined. This paper descripes also the Icelandic house price index, the development of housing sales and prices 2000-2009 and falling

Guðrún R. Jónsdóttir; Lára G. Jónasdóttir

4

Housing Policy and Housing Market Models - Some Dissaggregate Analyses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document discusses the following topics: Housing policy in Sweden; Interaction in a local market (The supply of housing, The demand structure, Simulation of the market processes); Disaggregated demand models (Analyses of local housing markets, Modelli...

J. R. Gustafsson P. Holm B. Harsman F. Snickars

1980-01-01

5

Affordable Housing and the Private Residential Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY This paper explores the relationship between urban policy for affordable inner city housing and the dynamics of the private housing market. It is based on case studies of three inner city housing schemes developed in the last ten years in Sheffield, a city in the north of the United Kingdom. The schemes are:- Broomsprings A low rise mixed tenure

Sarah BLANDY; David PARSONS

6

Study To Determine the Extent of Compliance Among Developers/Sponsors With Advertising Guidelines for Fair Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Regulations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study, jointly supported by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research and the Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity, was designed to determine the extent of compliance among housing developers / sponsors with Federal fair housing regulat...

J. A. Haig

1976-01-01

7

Housing Investment and Residential Land Supply in Japan: An Asset Market Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates Japan's housing market using an equilibrium market approach based on both theoretical and empirical perspectives. An equilibrium model of the housing market is developed by combining the consumption capital asset pricing model with the supply functions of housing and residential land as determined by the housing industry. To verify the model's results, the Japanese housing market is

Tsunao Okumura

1997-01-01

8

Housing Market Profile: Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 3rd Quarter 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions.

2012-01-01

9

Housing Market Profile: Fresno, California. U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 1st Quarter 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions.

2012-01-01

10

Housing Market Profile: Corpus Christi, Texas. U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 4th Quarter 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions.

2011-01-01

11

Housing Market Profile: Cheyenne, Wyoming. U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 2nd Quarter 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions.

2011-01-01

12

Housing Market Profile: Amarillo, Texas. U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 4th Quarter 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions.

2012-01-01

13

Housing Market Profile: Olympia, Washington. U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 2nd Quarter 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions.

2012-01-01

14

Housing Market Profile: Charlottesville, Virginia. U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 1st Quarter 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions.

2011-01-01

15

Housing Market Profile: Victoria, Texas. U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 2nd Quarter 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions.

2011-01-01

16

24 CFR 91.410 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Housing market analysis. 91.410 Section 91.410 Housing...of Consolidated Plan § 91.410 Housing market analysis. Housing market analysis must be described in the consolidated...

2010-04-01

17

24 CFR 91.410 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Housing market analysis. 91.410 Section 91.410 Housing...of Consolidated Plan § 91.410 Housing market analysis. Housing market analysis must be described in the consolidated...

2009-04-01

18

Minimum Property Standards and Local Housing Markets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the impact on builder costs and housing markets of selected items in the Federal Housing Administration's (FHA's) Minimum Property Standards (MPS). MPS consists of a large body of technical specifications that must be met by building...

J. A. Tuccillo R. Dubinsky

1982-01-01

19

Real Estate Brokers and the Market for Residential Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the role of the real estate broker in the housing market. A model of the demand for broker services by both sellers and buyers is developed and conditional logit estimates are presented. Evidence relating to the effects of the brokerage industry on housing market transactions also is presented. Brokers do not seem to affect the prices of

G. Donald Jud

1983-01-01

20

Computing the Deficiency of Housing Markets with Duplicate Houses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The model of a housing market, introduced by Shapley and Scarf in 1974 [14], captures a fundamental situation in an economy where each agent owns exactly one unit of some indivisible good: a house. We focus on an extension of this model where duplicate houses may exist. As opposed to the classical setting, the existence of an economical equilibrium is no longer ensured in this case. Here, we study the deficiency of housing markets with duplicate houses, a notion measuring how close a market can get to an economic equilibrium. We investigate the complexity of computing the deficiency of a market, both in the classical sense and also in the context of parameterized complexity.

Cechlárová, Katarína; Schlotter, Ildikó

21

Essays on Neighborhood Transition and Housing Markets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents new evidence on neighborhood transition and its impact on housing markets using a novel micro-level dataset on housing transactions. It focuses on three issues: the neighborhood effect, housing discrimination, and stable integration. The first essay examines the relationship between increased minority composition and…

Casey, Marcus D.

2009-01-01

22

Housing Markets and Adjustment in Monetary Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper highlights the factors that limit or increase cyclical divergence in the euro area and reviews one policy area that is important in fostering a speedy adjustment to shocks: the transmission of monetary policy via the housing market. A high interest rate sensitivity of housing markets is beneficial as monetary policy is more powerful in damping cyclical fluctuations overall

Peter Hoeller; David Rae

2007-01-01

23

Housing vacancies, thin markets, and idiosyncratic tastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model with rental housing vacancies in equilibrium. Because of the indivisibility and multi-dimensional\\u000a heterogeneity of housing units, the housing market is thin. As a result, a typical household entering the market is willing\\u000a to pay a premium for its most-preferred over its second most-preferred available (vacant) unit. This confers monopoly power\\u000a on landlords, which they exploit

Richard Arnott

1989-01-01

24

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Housing market analysis. 91.210 Section 91.210...Consolidated Plan § 91.210 Housing market analysis. (a) General characteristics...of the jurisdiction's housing market, including the...

2009-04-01

25

Obama Administration's Efforts to Stabilize the Housing Market and Help American Homeowners.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Administration's goal is to stabilize the housing market and provide security for homeowners. To meet these objectives in the context of a very challenging market, the Administration developed a broad approach implementing state and local housing agen...

2012-01-01

26

Equilibrium between interest payments and income in the housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on housing markets suggests that house prices in almost all western economies can be explained by short-run\\u000a demand-oriented variables and a long-run term. The basic principles of the theory are that the short-run fluctuations, which\\u000a are based on recent price developments (shocks), occur due to market imperfection, while over the long term, causality with\\u000a such fundamentals as income

Paul de Vries; Peter Boelhouwer

2009-01-01

27

Housing Market Profiles: Montgomery, Alabama (As of May 1, 2013).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions with a focus on the most recent 24 months.

Y. R. Griswold

2013-01-01

28

Housing Market Profile: Champaign-Urbana, Illinois. U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 1st Quarter 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions.

2012-01-01

29

Vacancy chains and the degree of mobility in the housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobility among different states of the housing market (e.g., among tenure modes and price classes) not only generates liquidity\\u000a but also carries a crucial effect on the price pattern in the market. Studying housing mobility may thus provide insights\\u000a to the current developments in worldwide housing markets. We theoretically explore vacancy chains and mobility in the market\\u000a where, among the

Danny Ben-Shahar; Eyal Sulganik

2011-01-01

30

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...jurisdiction, the plan must describe the significant characteristics of the jurisdiction's housing market, including the supply, demand, and condition and cost of housing and the housing stock available to serve persons with disabilities, and...

2010-04-01

31

U. S. Housing Market Conditions, 1st Quarter, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Housing indicators for the first quarter of 2012 continue to portray a fragile recovery in the housing market. In the production sector, the number of housing permits and starts for single-family homes rose but completions fell, while housing permits, sta...

2012-01-01

32

24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the plan must describe the significant characteristics of the State's housing markets (including such aspects as the supply, demand, and condition and cost of housing). (b) Homeless facilities. The plan must include a brief...

2009-04-01

33

24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the plan must describe the significant characteristics of the State's housing markets (including such aspects as the supply, demand, and condition and cost of housing). (b) Homeless facilities. The plan must include a brief...

2010-04-01

34

Planning for the Interaction of Housing and Labour Markets in the English Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developed formal economies, the majority of people at some point in their lives will, at the same time, participate in both the housing and labour markets. However, most people will not live and work in the same place but will instead have to contend with balancing disconnected residential and workplace locations. The interaction of housing and labour markets has

Stephen Hincks

2010-01-01

35

The Amsterdam Metropolitan Housing Market: How a Prosperous Metropolitan Area Co-exists with a Central City Dominated by Social Rental Housing for the Poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this Chapter we describe the development of Amsterdam Metropolitan Housing Market over the years. We start-off with a discussion of the historical development of Amsterdam and its suburban areas. There we address how main contextual factors like wars, financial crises and prosperity have shaped the housing market. Having briefly described the historical development, we then turn to the development

Arno J. van der Vlist; Piet Rietveld

2002-01-01

36

Housing Quality in the Forward Contracts Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developers often conduct forward sales (or presales) before building completion to relieve financial risk and burden. However,\\u000a there are worries that housing units sold in this way will turn out to be substandard because developers, who have been paid\\u000a for the unfinished units, may have incentives to cut costs by lowering the quality. This is a typical moral hazard problem.

K. W. Chau; S. K. Wong; C. Y. Yiu

2007-01-01

37

CASE ANALYSIS OF AUCTION MARKET IN BRISBANE HOUSING SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only recently, the average Australian residential property market was experiencing negative growth caused by the decrease of average housing prices in the major capital cities, in particular, Sydney and Melbourne. However, other cities were registering positive growth. In a decade, the average house price in Brisbane has increased by more than 150 per cent. In 1994, the highest average house

Vickey Chiu-Chin

38

Idiosyncratic Volatility and the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing investment is largely undiversified and differs from financial assets (e.g. stocks) in that it serves the dual purpose of investment and consumption. Transaction costs and liquidity risk are also much higher for housing assets. These important differences among financial and housing assets suggest that idiosyncratic volatility may play an important role in explaining investment returns in the U.S. housing

Norman G. Miller; Gurupdesh S. Pandher

39

Activity Based Segmentation on Pleasure Travel Market of Hong Kong Private Housing Residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

If selection of activity types like outdoor sports, entertainment and sightseeing by the travelling public is better understood, more efficient marketing planning strategies can be developed to suit target markets, attract new target markets or increase customer volume in off-peak periods. In the present study, activity based segmentation was used to identify four groups of Hong Kong private housing travellers.

Wai Ming Choi; Cindy Kit Ling Tsang

2000-01-01

40

Index Revision, House Price Risk, and the Market for House Price Derivatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely recognized that options and futures markets for housing can reduce and manage the risks inherent in consumers’\\u000a large investments in housing equity. The integrity of such markets depends, however, upon the use of transparent and replicable\\u000a benchmarks for house prices and settlement values. In the USA, a series of state and metropolitan indexes have been produced\\u000a by

Yongheng Deng; John M. Quigley

2008-01-01

41

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Periodicals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) publishes periodicals aimed towards urban development professionals, policy makers, and scholars. This website brings all of these periodicals together in one place, and visitors can look through current and past issues of "Cityscape", and the quarterly report, "U.S. Housing Market Conditions". For those interested in a more general-interest publication, "Cityscape" is a good bet, as it contains pieces on housing vouchers, ethnically diverse urban neighborhoods, and the legacy of the Fair Housing Act. Finally, the "U.S. Housing Market Conditions" reports consist of statistical data and written reports on the quarterly status of economic and housing market trends for 10 geographical regions.

2006-01-01

42

24 CFR 888.111 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Applicability...HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Fair Market Rents § 888.111 Fair market...

2013-04-01

43

Michigan State Housing Development Authority  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most states have a housing development authority; Michiganâ≢s SHDA is well known for its work in encouraging downtown redevelopment projects and a range of creative solutions to providing long-term housing solutions for the state's residents. On the homepage, visitors can look over the Spotlight area to learn about the long-term projects that the SHDA is working on. On the left hand side of the page, visitors can look over fifteen different thematic areas, including Historic Preservation, Homeownership, and Property Managers. Contractors and other groups may want to pay close attention to the RFP's and Grants area, which includes information about applying for statewide housing grants and information on key statewide programs, such as the Housing and Community Development Fund. Visitors can also set up email alerts to learn when new material is added to the site.

2013-01-01

44

The Pricing of Purchase Discount Options in Taiwanese Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we design a house purchase discount option to promote house sale. We are also able to provide the closed-form pricing formula for these new options. This new designed discount option is especially suitable for using in a house pre-sale system. This option can help to promote house sale and also help to stabilize the developer's stock price.

Yao-Min Chiang; Chia-Hsing Huang; Jay Sa-Aadu

45

Marketing Human Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three human resource development activities: training, education, and development. Explains marketing from the practitioners's viewpoint in terms of customer orientation; external and internal marketing; and market analysis, research, strategy, and mix. Shows how to design, develop, and implement strategic marketing plans and identify…

Frank, Eric, Ed.

1994-01-01

46

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...to serve persons with disabilities, and to serve other low-income persons with special needs, including persons with HIV/AIDS and their families. Data on the housing market should include, to the extent information is available, an...

2013-04-01

47

Forecasting Prices and Excess Returns in the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U. S. market for homes appears not to be efficient. A number of information variables predict housing price changes and excess returns of housing relative to debt over the succeeding year. Price changes observed over one year tend to continue for one more year in the same direction. Construction cost divided by price, the change in per capita real

Karl E. Case; Robert J. Shiller

1990-01-01

48

The Duration of Marketing Time of Residential Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marketing of unique durable goods such as housing presents a good example for the application of search theory. An optimal stopping rule strategy is employed to model sellers' behavior. The primary hypothesis is that the greater the atypicality of a house, the greater the expected variance of offers. Because a maximizing seller will wish to entertain more offers the

Donald Haurin

1988-01-01

49

Does Hazardous Waste Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market and the Superfund Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the housing market to develop estimates of the local welfare impacts of Superfund-sponsored cleanups of hazardous waste sites. We show that if consumers value the cleanups, then the hedonic model predicts that they will lead to increases in local housing prices and new home construction, as well as the migration of individuals that place a high value

Michael Greenstone; Justin Gallagher

2008-01-01

50

Analysis of the Bakersfield-Delano, California Housing Market As of April 1, 2013. Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Bakersfield-Delano Housing Market Area (HMA), coterminous with Kern County, is directly north of Los Angeles in Californias Central Valley. Approximately 75 percent of all oil production and 58 percent of all natural gas production in California occur...

2013-01-01

51

Student Housing Market Analysis: Ketchikan Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 13-part report presents the results of a study to determine whether Ketchikan Community College (KCC) should provide student housing over the next 10 years. Section I introduces the purpose of the study, the college, the prevalence of college-supplied student housing at two-year colleges, and study methodology. Section II summarizes the major…

Fink (Ira) and Associates, Berkeley, CA.

52

Crippled Housing Market Complicates Recruiting Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a house languishing in the real-estate doldrums of southwestern Ohio, Edward F. Leonard III and his family have lived apart since he took over as president of Bethany College, in Kansas, nearly a year ago. Their situation is like that of many faculty members and administrators frustrated by housing prices across the country. Existing-home…

Moser, Kate

2008-01-01

53

78 FR 38070 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice...and HUD-935.2C Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...applicant's proposed actions to carry out the Affirmative Fair Housing...

2013-06-25

54

Sales Housing Market: Changes Within the Market 1977 - 1982, Washington Metropolitan Area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Analyzing the sales housing market in the Washington Metropolitan Area, this report discusses the major changes within the sales housing market from January 1977 to January 1983. During this 6 - year period, 337,831 homes were sold in the area, including ...

1983-01-01

55

Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market  

PubMed Central

Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975–2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles.

Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H. Eugene

2014-01-01

56

Developing financial markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central banks have an interest in well-functioning money markets, foreign exchange markets, and secondary markets for government securities. Efficient financial markets support both the monetary stability and financial stability goals of the central bank; and more broadly should benefit economic development. Well-functioning money markets support the transmission of an interest-rate based monetary policy and can provide information to the central

Simon T Gray; Nick Talbot

57

Incorporating the Number of Existing Home Sales into a Structural Model of the Market for Owner-Occupied Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principal purpose of this paper is to develop and estimate a structural model of the housing market. The structural model presented is like many previously presented models of the housing market. It contains a demand equation, a supply equation, and an equation to explain the number of homeowner households. Its principal distinguishing feature is the incorporation of the rate

James R. Follain; Orawin T. Velz

1995-01-01

58

Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market Versus the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the link between increases in housing wealth, financial wealth, and consumer spending. We rely upon a panel of 14 countries observed annually for various periods during the past 25 years and a panel of U.S. states observed quarterly during the 1980s and 1990s. We impute the aggregate value of owner-occupied housing, the value of financial assets, and measures

Karl E. Case; Robert J. Shiller; John Quigley

2001-01-01

59

Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the link between increases in housing wealth, financial wealth, and consumer spending. We rely upon a panel of 14 countries observed annually for various periods during the past 25 years and a panel of U.S. states observed quarterly during the 1980s and 1990s. We impute the aggregate value of owner-occupied housing, the value of financial assets, and measures

Karl E. Case; John M. Quigley; Robert J. Shiller

2005-01-01

60

Market Potential and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides evidence on the long-term impact of market potential on economic development. It derives from the New Economic Geography literature a structural estimation where the level of factors’ income of a country is related to its export capacity, labeled Market Access (MA) by Redding and Venables (2004), or Real Market Potential (RMP) by Head and Mayer (2004). The

Thierry Mayer

2009-01-01

61

Price Run-up in Housing Markets, Access to Bank Lending and House Prices in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the causal relationship between house prices and the access to bank lending in Kangnam, the hottest submarket\\u000a in Seoul and four ‘cold’ markets which have shown relatively modest price increases. In response to the rapid escalation of\\u000a house prices in Seoul, primarily in Kangnam in recent years, the Korean government implemented a number of policies to stabilize

Sae Woon Park; Doo Woan Bahng; Yun W. Park

2010-01-01

62

The Housing Hunt: An Analysis of Buyer Behavior and Market Structure in Light of Recent Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study analyzes housing search behavior, the relevant institutions of the housing market, and the interaction between the two. It proceeds by describing first the relevant aspects of the search for housing when viewed as a behavioral process; second, d...

G. Sternlieb S. P. Beaton

1973-01-01

63

Daily Interaction of Housing and Labour Markets in North West England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hincks S. Daily interaction of housing and labour markets in North West England, Regional Studies. The importance of the daily spatial interaction of housing and labour markets has long been recognized due to the role that housing and labour market interaction plays in structuring cities and regions. However, the extent to which policies are sensitized to the interaction of residential

Stephen Hincks

2012-01-01

64

Daily Interaction of Housing and Labour Markets in North West England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hincks S. Daily interaction of housing and labour markets in North West England, Regional Studies. The importance of the daily spatial interaction of housing and labour markets has long been recognized due to the role that housing and labour market interaction plays in structuring cities and regions. However, the extent to which policies are sensitized to the interaction of residential

Stephen Hincks

2010-01-01

65

Business solution for luxury housing market based on E-catalog ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the demand situation in the Chinese luxury housing markets. CRM performance leads the real estate enterprises to implement an optimal business solution, which will be focused on consumers' and environmental characteristics. Then the paper implements the E-catalog and the ontology technology's correlation theories in the luxury housing market, sets up luxury housing marketing domain ontology grounded on

Qiu Xin

2011-01-01

66

Learning from informal markets: Innovative approaches to land and housing provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Substandard and insecure housing conditions are recognised as a ,crucial aspect of urban poverty. In most large cities in the developing world, the formal market serves only a minority of the ,population. It is estimated that between ,30 and 70% live ,in ‘irregular’

Erhard Berner

2001-01-01

67

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Westchester, New York as of January 1, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Westchester Housing Market Area (HMA), immediately north of New York City, is coterminous with Westchester County, New York. The HMA, which developed as one of the earliest suburbs in the United States, is also home to major Fortune 500 companies, inc...

2013-01-01

68

U.S. Multifamily Housing: Forces Shaping an Important Gas Market.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The natural gas industry is losing market share in the new construction segment of the multifamily housing market. To help formulate a response to this market, this paper provides (1) an analysis of multifamily housing and natural gas markets relative to ...

J. R. Brodrick J. M. Fay

1987-01-01

69

24 CFR 888.115 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of...HOUSING ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS PROGRAM-FAIR MARKET RENTS AND CONTRACT RENT ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT FACTORS Fair Market Rents § 888.115 Fair market...

2013-04-01

70

Amidst housing market problems, municipalities seek to stem urban decay and affordable housing remains out of reach for many  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housing Rebound Unlikely Before 2009http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=a4nfoY47rBfo&refer=homeFEMA spends almost $3B on emergency housinghttp://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-08-25-katrina_N.htmAdvocates assail suburbs for fighting housing ruleshttp://www.courierpostonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080826/NEWS01/808260371/1006/news01gACORN Housing Corporation [pdf]http://www.acornhousing.org/index.phpU.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development [pdf]http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/affordablehousing/index.cfmEconomists and real estate experts reported this week that U.S. housing prices declined for a fourth straight month, and this news was most unwelcome to those still facing foreclosure on their homes and those who live in large urban areas hit hardest by the housing crisis. The New York Times reported this week that a number of cities (such as Boston and San Diego) are now utilizing both private funds and taxpayer money to buy foreclosed properties in economically isolated and depressed neighborhoods in order to prevent these areas from sliding into urban decay. Not surprisingly, the sale of foreclosed homes to municipalities, along with private investors and others, led to a 3.1 percent increase in home sales during the month of July. Municipalities believe that buying up these properties and rehabilitating them will breathe new life into neighborhoods riddled with foreclosed property and the consequences of urban decay are not lost on municipal leaders, as Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino commented, "Our job as the city government is to restore these neighborhoods. We can't let this cancer continue." Despite the continued decline in housing prices, affordable housing for low and middle-income families remains out of reach in a number of large cities across the United States, including Boston, Seattle, and New York. On a final note, it appears that there will be another type of housing crisis across the Gulf Coast in the coming months, as FEMA prepares to eliminate housing subsidies for thousands of persons displaced by Hurricane Katrina on March 1st. The first link will take users to a New York Times article from this past Monday that offers insight into the efforts of municipalities to purchase foreclosed properties in order to combat neighborhood deterioration. The second link leads to a piece of reporting from Bloomberg's Alison Vekshin that indicates that the housing market will most likely not rebound until the middle of 2009. Moving on, the third link leads to an USA Today article from this Tuesday that reports on FEMA's spending on emergency housing throughout the Gulf Coast region. The fourth link leads to a trenchant piece from this Tuesday's Courier-Post (Cherry Hill, NJ) about the efforts made by wealthier suburbs across New Jersey to keep affordable housing from being built in their communities. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the ACORN Housing Corporation, which works to build affordable housing across the United States. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) thematic policy program dedicated to creating and supporting new affordable housing developments.

2008-08-29

71

The Pricing of Purchase Discount Options in Taiwanese PreSale Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pre-sale house system is like a forward contract to sell the house. Options on futures are believed to help improve the liquidity of futures market. In this paper, we design a house purchase discount option to promote house sale in a pre-sale market. This new designed discount option is especially suitable for using in a house pre-sale system. This option

Yao-Min Chiang; Chia-Hsin Huang; Jay Sa-Aadu

72

An empirical study of the effects of land supply and lease conditions on the housing market : A case of Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research is to investigate the effects of land supply (LS) and lease conditions on the housing market. It tests whether there exists a relationship: between LS and housing price, between development conditions in government land leases and housing supply, and to what extent these development conditions affect Hong Kong's supply, of private residential flats. This paper

Eddie Chi-man Hui

2004-01-01

73

Analysis of the Ventura, California Housing Market as of September 1, 2004. Comprehensive Market Analysis Reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Ventura Housing Market Area (HMA), defined as Ventura County, California, is coterminous with the Ventura metropolitan area. The HMA is bordered by Los Angeles County on the south and east, Kern and Santa Barbara Counties on the north, and the Pacific...

2004-01-01

74

Housing Market Profiles: Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Virginia-Maryland-West Virginia (As of March 1, 2013).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions with a focus on the most recent 24 months.

P. Moroz

2013-01-01

75

Housing tenure and labor market impacts: The search goes on  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop two search-theoretic models emphasizing firm entry to examine the Oswald hypothesis, the idea that homeownership is linked to inferior labor market outcomes, and compare their predictions to three extant theories. The five models have surprisingly different predictions about the labor market at both the aggregate and micro levels. Using a suitable instrumental variable strategy, we estimate both micro

N. Edward Coulson; Lynn M. Fisher

2009-01-01

76

Japan's manufactured housing capability. A review of the industry and assessment of future impact on the US market  

SciTech Connect

The Japanese have what is generally recognized as the most advanced manufactured housing capability in the world. With heavy reliance on computerized design and inventory control systems, assembly-line production, robotics and sizable research and development budgets, Japan has developed a high-tech housing approach distinct from that found in the United States. Japan's manufactured housing capability and its benefits in producing high quality housing at an affordable price are surveyed. The housing market in Japan and the United States will be compared and the potential impact of Japanese manufactured housing on the United States assessed. Though Japan's manufactured housing capability offers great promise, there are several issues that limit the direct import of these technologies as currently practiced to the United States. Among these obstacles are: (1) inappropriate heating and cooling systems and levels of energy conservation for many areas of the US; (2) the high cost of capitalizing major new housing plants; (3) the design inflexibility of some manufactured housing products; and (4) the difficulty of marketing a mass-produced housing product in the US with its differing regional and local building codes.

Sackett, J.G.

1986-05-01

77

Ontology driven multi-agent system to support service marketing of the publishing house  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, the books are the only market products and the only way to profit of the publishing house. As market competition intensifies, the publishing house uses such as discount, distribution catalogue of books, website of books and other methods to gain more profits. However, many questions exist in these services. The service doesn't make clear definition; the service

Hejie Chen; Yutong Sui

2009-01-01

78

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...on community housing development organization operating...A community housing development organization may not...the community housing development organization's total...support and housing education provided under...

2013-04-01

79

Analysis of the Aguadilla, Puerto Rico Housing Market As of December 1, 2003. Comprehensive Market Analysis Reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Aguadilla Housing Market Area (HMA) is defined as the Aguadilla Metropolitan Statistical Area and comprises the municipalities of Aguadilla, Aguada, and Moca. Aguadilla, the largest city in the HMA, is home to most of the commercial, industrial, and r...

2004-01-01

80

Using state and metropolitan area house price cycles to interpret the U. S. housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief examines the numerous house price cycles in states and metropolitan areas since the 1970s, drawing lessons that may be informative for analyzing and projecting national patterns. It finds that house sales volumes, new home construction, and mortgage delinquencies have provided leading indicators when a statewide house price boom was nearing an end, but that house prices have rarely

Yolanda K. Kodrzycki; Nelson Gerew

2006-01-01

81

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...public housing developments subject to required...Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION...Public Housing Developments Identifying...public housing developments subject to required...conversion. The development, or...

2013-04-01

82

Housing Markets and Migration: Evidence from New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

New Zealand's large and volatile external migration flows generate significant year-to-year fluctuations in the demand for residential housing. This paper uses population data from the 1986, 1991, 1996, 2001 and 2006 New Zealand Censuses, house sales price data from Quotable Value New Zealand and rent data from the Department of Building and Housing to examine how population change, international migration,

Steven Stillman; David C. Maré

2008-01-01

83

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis, Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Michigan as of October 1, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Detroit-Warren-Livonia Housing Market Area (HMA) (hereafter, the Detroit HMA), located in southeastern Michigan, is coterminous with the Detroit-Warren-Livonia Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). For purposes of this analysis, the HMA is divided into...

2011-01-01

84

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis Victoria, Texas as of July 1, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Victoria Housing Market Area (HMA) is coterminous with the Victoria Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), which includes Calhoun, Goliad, and Victoria Counties. Located along the Texas Gulf Coast, Victoria is referred to as the crossroads because of it...

2011-01-01

85

Analysis of the Salisbury, Maryland Housing Market as of October 1, 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Salisbury, Maryland Housing Market Area (HMA) is coterminous with the Salisbury Metropolitan Statistical Area and is composed of two submarkets: Wicomico County, which includes the city of Salisbury, and Somerset County. Located on the Delmarva Penins...

2004-01-01

86

Analysis of Marketing and Customer Satisfaction in Base Housing Communities of the Monterey Bay Area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An analysis of the base housing organization Clark/Pinnacle revealed factors of satisfaction and dissatisfaction with the organization s current organizational and marketing strategies. Research was conducted through management interviews, a focus group t...

A. B. Hernandez

2011-01-01

87

75 FR 12252 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5328-N-04] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher...ACTION: Notice of Final Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for Fiscal Year 2010...Lynn A. Rodgers, Economic and Market Analysis Division, Office of Economic...

2010-03-15

88

77 FR 71195 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5648-N-03] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher...Final Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 Fair Market Rents (FMRs...or Peter B. Kahn, Economic and Market Analysis Division, Office of Economic...

2012-11-29

89

House prices, sales, and time on the market : a search-theoretic framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

We build a search model of the housing market which captures the illiquidity of housing assets. In this model, households experience idiosyncratic shocks over time which affect how much they value their residence (e.g. the location of their job could change). When hit by a shock, households become mismatched and seek to buy a new home. Yet they take time

Antonia Díaz

2010-01-01

90

Marketing Instructional Development Internally, Externally.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This description of the marketing process as a practical way to manage the function of instruction development emphasizes the importance of the identification and evaluation of customer needs before developing objectives. To assist the instructional devel...

J. Lied

1979-01-01

91

Factors for Bioenergy Market Development  

SciTech Connect

Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the potentials for bioenergy market growth to be used by decision makers in administration and industry. The conclusions are based on case studies of operating bioenergy markets in Austria, US and Sweden. Six important factors for bioenergy market growth have been identified: (1) Integration with other business, e.g. for biomass procurement, (2) Scale effects of bioenergy market, (3) Competition on bioenergy market, (4) Competition with other business, (5) National policy, (6) Local policy and local opinion. Different applications of the framework are discussed.

Roos, A.; Hektor, B.; Graham, R.L.; Rakos, C.

1998-10-04

92

Alternative Transportation Marketing: Professional Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project has developed outlines for approximately seventy-two (72) hours of university level training in marketing of alternative transportation. The training spans many skill levels and is designed to be produced in multiple combinations of modules f...

J. J. Cronin, W. A. Mustard, K. M. Ray

1996-01-01

93

Space and energy conservation housing prototype unit development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Construction plans are discussed for a house which will demonstrate the application of advanced technology to minimize energy requirements and to help direct further development in home construction by defining the interaction of integrated energy and water systems with building configuration and construction materials. Housing unit designs are provided and procedures for the analysis of a variety of housing strategies are developed.

Sunshine, D. R.

1975-01-01

94

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...public housing developments to tenant-based...Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION...Public Housing Developments Voluntary Conversion...public housing developments to tenant-based...public housing development to...

2013-04-01

95

Risk and Return in the U.S. Housing Market: A Cross-Sectional Asset-Pricing Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article carries out an asset-pricing analysis of the U.S. metropolitan housing market. We use ZIP code–level housing data to study the cross-sectional role of volatility, price level, stock market risk and idiosyncratic volatility in explaining housing returns. While the related literature tends to focus on the dynamic role of volatility and housing returns within submarkets over time, our risk–return

Susanne Cannon; Norman G. Miller; Gurupdesh S. Pandher

2006-01-01

96

Recent Export Credit Market Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Export credit agencies (ECAs) have played a critical role in financing for developing countries in recent years, and officially supported export credits have been growing in volume. The current export credit exposure to developing countries and economies in transition has reached almost half a trillion dollars. This paper reviews developments in export credit markets affecting exposure, new commitments, and cover

Paulo Flavio Nacif Drummond

1997-01-01

97

Does Air Quality Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We exploit the structure of the Clean Air Act to provide new evidence on the capitalization of total suspended particulates (TSPs) air pollution into housing values. This legislation imposes strict regulations on polluters in "nonattainment" counties, which are defined by concentrations of TSPs that exceed a federally set ceiling. TSPs…

Chay, Kenneth Y.; Greenstone, Michael

2005-01-01

98

75 FR 27808 - Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program-Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Housing Choice Voucher Program--Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents...Research, HUD. ACTION: Notice of Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents...program. Today's notice announces a demonstration project that will set small area...

2010-05-18

99

Is There a Bubble in the Housing Market?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks for evidence of a bubble in U.S. housing prices. It analyzes quarterly state-level data over 1985-2002, focusing on the relationship between home prices and selected fundamental variables. Income per capita alone largely explains price changes in all but eight states; in the latter, large price movements are observed unrelated to the fundamentals. Results from a new survey

Karl E. Case; Robert J. Shiller

2003-01-01

100

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2013-04-01

101

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Reno-Sparks, Nevada as of April 1, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Reno-Sparks Housing Market Area (HMA) consists of Washoe and Storey counties in northwestern Nevada. The HMA is a Northern California-Nevada regional hub for gaming, tourism, and healthcare services. Some of the largest area employers are the Universi...

2012-01-01

102

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Fresno-Madera, California as of May 1, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Fresno-Madera Housing Market Area (HMA), in the San Joaquin Valley region of California, comprises the Fresno, CA and the Madera-Chowchilla, CA Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). For purposes of this analysis, the HMA is divided into three submark...

2012-01-01

103

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Fresno-Madera, California as of May 01, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Fresno-Madera Housing Market Area (HMA), in the San Joaquin Valley region of California, comprises the Fresno, CA and the Madera-Chowchilla, CA Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). For purposes of this analysis, the HMA is divided into three submark...

2012-01-01

104

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Omaha-Council Bluffs, Nebraska-Iowa As of October 1, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Omaha-Council Bluffs, Nebraska-Iowa Housing Market Area (HMA) is located on the Iowa-Nebraska border, spanning the Missouri River. The HMA consists of Cass, Douglas, Sarpy, Saunders, and Washington Counties in Nebraska and Harrison, Mills, and Pottawa...

2009-01-01

105

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis, Hot Springs, Arkansas as of April 1, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Hot Springs Housing Market Area (HMA) is coterminous with Garland County and is located in the Ouachita Mountain region of Arkansas, 55 miles west of Little Rock. The HMA is home to Hot Springs National Park and is a popular retirement and tourist des...

2012-01-01

106

Based On Multi-Agent System to Bundle Services in the Publishing House Service Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past, the books are the only market products and the only way to profit of the publishing house. Recently, it is recognized that free services can enhance the book sale. From the customer viewpoint and the service supplier viewpoint, the services descriptions and services management is different. The customer except to acquire different books information as much as

Hejie Chen; Yutong Sui

2009-01-01

107

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, California As of July 1, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Oakland-Fremont-Hayward Housing Market Area (hereafter, Oakland HMA), coterminous with the Oakland-Fremont- Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division, comprises Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. The HMA is home to four Fortune 500 companies and serves as a m...

2013-01-01

108

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Austin-Round Rock, Texas As of July 1, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Austin-Round Rock, Texas Housing Market Area (HMA) comprises five counties in central Texas. The principal city of Austin, the state capital, is located in Travis County approximately 200 miles south of Dallas-Fort Worth. The HMA is home to three Fort...

2009-01-01

109

Frothy Housing Markets and Local Stock-Price Movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior empirical research finds habitat effects manifest in stock pricing among firms that share headquarters cities. We empirically\\u000a investigate whether trends in residential real estate prices affect headquarters-city stock pricing phenomena for companies\\u000a across U.S. metro areas for 1989–2004. Specifically, we hypothesize that stocks of firms headquartered in ‘hot’ residential\\u000a real estate markets experience higher returns compared to stocks of

Christopher W. Anderson; Eli Beracha

2012-01-01

110

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01...of public housing developments to tenant-based... Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC...of Public Housing Developments Required...

2013-04-01

111

Housing, Illiquidity, and Wealth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a model of asset allocation relevant for the representative consumer. Consumption is composed of two items: housing, and other goods and services. The representative household's balance sheet consists largely of a house and a mortgage. Its income statement is dominated by labor earnings, constraining cash expenditures. Housing-market behavior thus underlies intertemporal wealth and consumption allocation. With a

Peter Chinloy

1999-01-01

112

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting...The following sources of survey data are used to develop the...ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted by...Digit Dialing (RDD) telephone survey data, based on a...

2010-04-01

113

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting...The following sources of survey data are used to develop the...ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted by...Digit Dialing (RDD) telephone survey data, based on a...

2009-04-01

114

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting...The following sources of survey data are used to develop the...ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted by...Digit Dialing (RDD) telephone survey data, based on a...

2013-04-01

115

Discrimination in Metropolitan Housing Markets: National Results from Phase I HDS 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents results from the first phase of the latest national Housing Discrimination Study (HDS2000), sponsored by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and conducted by the Urban Institute. These results are based on 4,600 pair...

M. A. Turner S. L. Ross G. C. Galster J. Yinger E. B. Godfrey

2002-01-01

116

Space market model development project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of the research program, Space Market Model Development Project, (Phase 1) were: (1) to study the need for business information in the commercial development of space; and (2) to propose a design for an information system to meet the identified needs. Three simultaneous research strategies were used in proceeding toward this goal: (1) to describe the space business information which currently exists; (2) to survey government and business representatives on the information they would like to have; and (3) to investigate the feasibility of generating new economical information about the space industry.

Bishop, Peter C.

1987-01-01

117

An International Marketing Curriculum - Development and Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the process of market-driven curriculum design in the development of an undergraduate International Marketing (IM) major at Duquesne University (Pennsylvania) School of Business Administration. Reports on a market study revealing profiles and IM curriculum design preferences of exporting companies. Discusses the curriculum development,…

Abboushi, Suhail; Lackman, Conway; Peace, A. Graham

1999-01-01

118

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville, South Carolina (As of July 1, 2011).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Housing Market Area (HMA) consists of Berkeley, Charleston, and Dorchester Counties in South Carolina and is coterminous with the Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The centra...

2011-01-01

119

Housing Management: Leadership Development Training for Tenant Councils.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program developed leadership training for tenant councils. The training sessions are geared to broadening the council's leadership base, clarifying its purposes and ...

1976-01-01

120

19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. ROYAL WALNUT. STORAGE SHED PART OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT. WEST PROPERTY LINE ADJACENT TO TREE AND RUNS ALONG SIDE OF SHED. LOOKING NORTH AND SLIGHTLY EAST FROM ADJOINING PROPERTY. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

121

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

122

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

123

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...expenses of community housing development organizations (CHDOs...of the community housing development organization. Such costs...compensation and benefits; employee education, training, and...

2013-04-01

124

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2013-04-01

125

Smokeless tobacco in Canada: deterring market development  

PubMed Central

DATA SOURCES—A review of the literature identified demographic, cultural, and marketing variables related to the uptake and continuation of smokeless tobacco use. Government and industry data on production, marketing, and consumption of smokeless tobacco products are presented.?METHODS—The Canadian and American markets are compared in terms of prevalence, consumption per capita, and marketing practices. Lessons to be learned from the well-orchestrated development of the American market in the past 30 years are examined. Canadian tobacco regulations are described. Strategies by which the increased exploitation of the Canadian smokeless tobacco market can be deterred are discussed.?CONCLUSIONS—A long-term, independently financed strategy built around a national smokeless tobacco de-marketing organisation with a constellation of private local institutions is suggested as a means of combating smokeless tobacco marketing efforts.???Keywords: smokeless tobacco; marketing; Canada

Wyckham, R.

1999-01-01

126

Housing  

MedlinePLUS

... Homeless Assistance programs. For more information on housing programs, see HUD’s Online Library . Taking Care Of Yourself Doctor, Clinic, & Dental Visits Treatment Adherence Mental Health Substance Abuse Issues Sexual Health Nutrition & Food Safety Exercise Immunizations Aging With HIV ...

127

ICTs and Tourism Marketing for Regional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourism marketing has become the cornerstone for strengthening the position of regions in the global tourism market. ICTs\\u000a have enhanced the marketing potential of remote and peripheral regions as tourist destinations. The scope of this chapter\\u000a relates to the impacts of the new economy, enabled by ICTs, on tourism marketing for regional development. In the first part\\u000a of the chapter,

Anastasia Stratigea; Dimitris Papakonstantinou; Maria Giaoutzi

128

Advancing the human right to housing in post-Katrina New Orleans: discursive opportunity structures in housing and community development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In post-Katrina New Orleans, housing and community development (HCD) advocates clashed over the future of public housing. This case study examines the evolution of and limits to a human right to housing frame introduced by one non-governmental organization (NGO). Ferree's concept of the discursive opportunity structure and Bourdieu's social field ground this NGO's failure to advance aradical economic human rights

Leigh Graham

2012-01-01

129

Long-Term Care Insurance: Coverage Varies Widely in a Developing Market. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Health and Long-Term Care, Select Committeee on Aging, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a request by Congressman Claude Pepper, the General Accounting Office (GAO) conducted a study to examine the private long-term care insurance market. The GAO analyzed the premiums, benefits, and limitations of 33 policies offered by 25 insurers in 1986. The GAO assessed the potential for abuse in this market by surveying state…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

130

The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets  

PubMed Central

Persistent racial inequality in employment, housing, and a wide range of other social domains has renewed interest in the possible role of discrimination. And yet, unlike in the pre–civil rights era, when racial prejudice and discrimination were overt and widespread, today discrimination is less readily identifiable, posing problems for social scientific conceptualization and measurement. This article reviews the relevant literature on discrimination, with an emphasis on racial discrimination in employment, housing, credit markets, and consumer interactions. We begin by defining discrimination and discussing relevant methods of measurement. We then provide an overview of major findings from studies of discrimination in each of the four domains; and, finally, we turn to a discussion of the individual, organizational, and structural mechanisms that may underlie contemporary forms of discrimination. This discussion seeks to orient readers to some of the key debates in the study of discrimination and to provide a roadmap for those interested in building upon this long and important line of research.

Pager, Devah; Shepherd, Hana

2010-01-01

131

THE HOUSING ENVIRONMENT AS A FACTOR IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IN KANSAS CITY, MO., 208 NEGRO FIVE YEAR OLDS WERE STUDIED TO EXAMINE THE INFLUENCE OF HOUSING UPON CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND TO COMPARE THE RELATIVE INFLUENCE OF HOUSING ON HEAD START AND NON-HEAD START CHILDREN. FOUR GROUPS OF 52 CHILDREN EACH INCLUDED (1) HEAD START, PUBLIC HOUSING, (2) HEAD START, SLUM HOUSING, (3) NON-HEAD START, PUBLIC HOUSING,…

RICE, ROBERT R.

132

Housing Element Study. Citizen's Participation for the Golden Triangle Planning and Development District.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study examines the housing situation of the seven counties in the Golden Triangle Planning and Development District. Problems in the area of housing are identified and then a statement of obstacles, which are preventing the housing problems from being...

1972-01-01

133

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2010-04-01

134

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2013-04-01

135

Analysis of the Lynchburg, Virginia Housing Market as of October 1, 2004.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This analysis has been prepared for the assistance and guidance of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) in its operations. The factual information, findings, and conclusions may also be useful to builders, mortgagees, and others conc...

2004-01-01

136

78 FR 9936 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): PowerSaver Home Energy Retrofit Loan Pilot Program...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Development, Office of Housing, Department of Housing and Urban Development...HUD to conduct an Energy Efficient Mortgage Innovation...the single family housing market and allocated...existing structures or manufactured homes. The...

2013-02-12

137

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each year, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) makes all of their published research reports, case studies, and guidebooks publicly available on this website. The documents are arranged thematically, and they include everything from "Affordable Housing" to "Zoning". Given the recent interest in building "green", many visitors will want to click on over to the "Housing Production and Technology" area. On the right hand side of the page, visitors will find the "Popular Picks" list. Some of the publications are intended for an audience with a more technical background, but many of the works deal quite broadly with urban policy matters. The site is rounded out by a direct link to "New Publications" area near the bottom of the homepage and social media functionality.

138

HUD (Housing and Urban Development) Conference on Fair Housing Testing: Final Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A key event in Federal promotion of fair housing, the HUD Conference on Fair Housing Testing, took place December 6 and 7, 1984. Approximately 250 representatives of fair housing groups and staff of Federal, State, and local fair housing agencies attended...

K. G. Heintz

1985-01-01

139

23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. A SECTION OF THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT WHICH CONTAINS BURBANK ORIGINALS - QUINCES - ALONG ROAD. THE EUCALYPTUS TO THE RIGHT IS JUST OUTSIDE THE SOUTHEAST CORNER PROPERTY LINE AND WAS INDICATED ON THE 1912 BURBANK PLAN. LOOKING SOUTHEAST. - Gold Ridge Farm, 7777 Bodega Avenue, Sebastopol, Sonoma County, CA

140

Marketing Development Information in South Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses adapting traditional marketing strategies for the nonprofit sector, including libraries and information centers, and describes experiences of the Development Information Network for South Asia in Sri Lanka. Topics addressed include librarians' value systems, including free access to information; the need for information marketing;…

Geethananda, Hemamalee

1993-01-01

141

The Development of Financial Markets in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project analyzing the development of Polish financial markets sponsored by the USAID grant was aimed at examining selected problems of the banking system and financial markets in Poland. The main criterion for selection of these problems was their potential usefulness for policy-makers at the present stage of the economic transformation. The studies within the project address the issues that

Lucjan T. Orlowski

1999-01-01

142

The Development of Financial Markets in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project analyzing the development of Polish financial markets sponsored by the USAID grant was aimed at examining selected problems of the banking system and financial markets in Poland. The main criterion for selection of these problems was their potential usefulness for policy-makers at the present stage of the economic transformation. The studies within the project address the issues that

Lucjan T Orlowski

2005-01-01

143

1996-2004 Trends in the Single-Family Housing Market: Spatial Analysis of the Residential Sector  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a detailed geographic analysis of two specific topics affecting the residential sector. First, we performed an analysis of new construction market trends using annual building permit data. We report summarized tables and national maps to help illustrate market conditions. Second, we performed a detailed geographic analysis of the housing finance market. We analyzed mortgage application data to provide citable statistics and detailed geographic summarization of the residential housing picture in the US for each year in the 1996-2004 period. The databases were linked to geographic information system tools to provide various map series detailing the results geographically. Looking at these results geographically may suggest potential new markets for TD programs addressing the residential sector that have not been considered previously. For example, we show which lenders affect which regions and which income or mortgage product classes. These results also highlight the issue of housing affordability. Energy efficiency R&D programs focused on developing new technology for the residential sector must be conscious of the costs of products resulting from research that will eventually impact the home owner or new home buyer. Results indicate that home values as a proportion of median family income in Building America communities are closely aligned with the national average of home value as a proportion of median income. Other key findings: • The share of home building and home buying activity continues to rise steadily in the Hot-Dry and Hot-Humid climate zones, while the Mixed-Humid and Cold climate zone shares continue to decline. Other zones remain relatively stable in terms of share of housing activity. • The proportion of home buyers having three times the median family income for their geography has been steadily increasing during the study period. • Growth in the Hispanic/Latino population and to a lesser degree in the Asian population has translated into proportional increases in share of home purchasing by both groups. White home buyers continue to decline as a proportion all home buyers. • Low interest rate climate resulted in lenders moving back to conventional financing, as opposed to government-backed financing, for cases that would be harder to financing in higher rate environments. Government loan products are one mechanism for affecting energy efficiency gains in the residential sector. • The rate environment and concurrent deregulation of the finance industry resulted unprecedented merger and acquisition activity among financial institutions during the study period. This study conducted a thorough accounting of this merger activity to inform the market share analysis provided. • The home finance industry quartiles feature 5 lenders making up the first quartile of home purchase loans, 18 lenders making up the second quartile, 111 lenders making up the third quartile, and the remaining nearly 8,000 lenders make up the fourth quartile.

Anderson, Dave M.; Elliott, Douglas B.

2006-09-05

144

State Strategy for Recycling Market Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ultimate importance of developing recycling markets is to accomplish these five objectives: Assist local governments and state offices in achieving the recycling goals in the SCORE (Select Committee on Recycling and the Environment) legislation throug...

L. Millberg

1991-01-01

145

The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets.  

PubMed

Persistent racial inequality in employment, housing, and a wide range of other social domains has renewed interest in the possible role of discrimination. And yet, unlike in the pre-civil rights era, when racial prejudice and discrimination were overt and widespread, today discrimination is less readily identifiable, posing problems for social scientific conceptualization and measurement. This article reviews the relevant literature on discrimination, with an emphasis on racial discrimination in employment, housing, credit markets, and consumer interactions. We begin by defining discrimination and discussing relevant methods of measurement. We then provide an overview of major findings from studies of discrimination in each of the four domains; and, finally, we turn to a discussion of the individual, organizational, and structural mechanisms that may underlie contemporary forms of discrimination. This discussion seeks to orient readers to some of the key debates in the study of discrimination and to provide a roadmap for those interested in building upon this long and important line of research. PMID:20689680

Pager, Devah; Shepherd, Hana

2008-01-01

146

Conventional Housing Conditions Attenuate the Development of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis  

PubMed Central

Background The etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) has remained unclear, but a causative contribution of factors outside the central nervous system (CNS) is conceivable. It was recently suggested that gut bacteria trigger the activation of CNS-reactive T cells and the development of demyelinative disease. Methods C57BL/6 (B6) mice were kept either under specific pathogen free or conventional housing conditions, immunized with the myelin basic protein (MBP)–proteolipid protein (PLP) fusion protein MP4 and the development of EAE was clinically monitored. The germinal center size of the Peyer’s patches was determined by immunohistochemistry in addition to the level of total IgG secretion which was assessed by ELISPOT. ELISPOT assays were also used to measure MP4-specific T cell and B cell responses in the Peyer’s patches and the spleen. Ear swelling assays were performed to determine the extent of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions in specific pathogen free and conventionally housed mice. Results In B6 mice that were actively immunized with MP4 and kept under conventional housing conditions clinical disease was significantly attenuated compared to specific pathogen free mice. Conventionally housed mice displayed increased levels of IgG secretion in the Peyer’s patches, while the germinal center formation in the gut and the MP4-specific TH17 response in the spleen were diminished after immunization. Accordingly, these mice displayed an attenuated delayed type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction in ear swelling assays. Conclusions The data corroborate the notion that housing conditions play a substantial role in the induction of murine EAE and suggest that the presence of gut bacteria might be associated with a decreased immune response to antigens of lower affinity. This concept could be of importance for MS and calls for caution when considering the therapeutic approach to treat patients with antibiotics.

Goecer, Oktay; Recks, Mascha S.; Kuerten, Stefanie

2014-01-01

147

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45...Handling Research § 922.45 Marketing research and development. The committee...provide for the establishment of marketing research and development projects...

2009-01-01

148

7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45...Handling Research § 916.45 Marketing research and development. The...establishment of production research, marketing research and development projects...

2010-01-01

149

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45...Handling Research § 922.45 Marketing research and development. The committee...provide for the establishment of marketing research and development projects...

2010-01-01

150

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45...Handling Research § 923.45 Marketing research and development. The committee...provide for the establishment of marketing research and development projects...

2010-01-01

151

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45...Handling Research § 923.45 Marketing research and development. The committee...provide for the establishment of marketing research and development projects...

2009-01-01

152

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a)...

2009-01-01

153

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a)...

2010-01-01

154

75 FR 36245 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...health and the environment, promote equitable development, and help address...housing and urban development programs. This...respect to the environment has been made for...Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh...

2010-06-24

155

Large resource development projects as markets for passive solar technologies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A basic premise of this study is that large resource development projects provide a major market opportunity for passive solar manufactured buildings. The primary objectives of the work are to document selected resource development projects and identify their potential housing needs and development schedules, to contact resource industry representatives and assess some of the processes and motivations behind their involvement in housing decisions, and to provide passive solar manufactured buildings producers with results of these steps as early initial market intelligence. The intent is to identify not only the industries, location of their planned projects, and their likely worker housing needs, but also the individuals involved in making housing-related decisions. The 56 identified projects are located within 18 states and cover 11 types of resources. The report documents individual projects, provides protections of total worker-related housing needs, and presents overviews of resource development company involvement in the new construction market. In addition, the report profiles three organizations that expressed a strong interest in implementing the use of low-cost passive solar manufactured buildings in resource-development-related activities.

Roze-Benson, R V

1980-12-01

156

Development and initial validation of the Observer-Rated Housing Quality Scale (OHQS) in a multisite trial of housing first.  

PubMed

Quality of housing has been shown to be related to health outcomes, including mental health and well-being, yet "objective" or observer-rated housing quality is rarely measured in housing intervention research. This may be due to a lack of standardized, reliable, and valid housing quality instruments. The objective of this research was to develop and validate the Observer-Rated Housing Quality Scale (OHQS) for use in a multisite trial of a "housing first" intervention for homeless individuals with mental illness. A list of 79 housing unit, building, and neighborhood characteristics was generated from a review of the relevant literature and three focus groups with consumers and housing service providers. The characteristics were then ranked by 47 researchers, consumers, and service providers on perceived importance, generalizability, universality of value, and evidence base. Items were then drafted, scaled (five points, half values allowed), and pretested in seven housing units and with seven raters using cognitive interviewing techniques. The draft scale was piloted in 55 housing units in Toronto and Winnipeg, Canada. Items were rated independently in each unit by two trained research assistants and a housing expert. Data were analyzed using classical psychometric approaches and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) for inter-rater reliability. The draft scale consisted of 34 items assessing three domains: the unit, the building, and the neighborhood. Five of 18 unit items and 3 of 7 building items displayed ceiling or floor effects and were adjusted accordingly. Internal consistency was very good (Cronbach's alpha?=?0.90 for the unit items, 0.80 for the building items, and 0.92 total (unit and building)). Percent agreement ranged from 89 to 100 % within one response scale value and 67 to 91 % within one half scale value. Inter-rater reliability was also good (ICCs were 0.87 for the unit, 0.85 for the building, and 0.93 for the total scale). Three neighborhood items (e.g., distance to transit) were found to be most efficiently rated using publicly available information. The physical quality of housing can be reliably rated by trained but nonexpert raters using the OHQS. The tool has potential for improved measurement in housing-related health research, including addressing the limitations of self-report, and may also enable documenting the quality of housing that is provided by publicly funded housing programs. PMID:24477427

Adair, Carol E; Kopp, Brianna; Lavoie, Jennifer; Distasio, Jino; Hwang, Stephen W; Watson, Aimee; Veldhuizen, Scott; Chislett, Katherine; Voronka, Jijian; Ahmad, Muznah; Ahmed, Naveed; Goering, Paula

2014-04-01

157

Optimal Portfolio Choices, House Risk Hedging and the Pricing of Forward House Transactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a utility indifference model for evaluating various prices associated with forward transactions in the\\u000a housing market, based on the equivalent principle of expected wealth utility derived from the forward and spot real estate\\u000a markets. Our model results show that forward transactions in the housing market are probably not due to house sellers’ and\\u000a buyers’ heterogeneity, but to

Gang-Zhi Fan; Ming Pu; Seow Eng Ong

2012-01-01

158

Does the housing market respond to information disclosure?: effects of toxicity indices in Japan.  

PubMed

The policy instruments that provide information on a firm's or facility's environmental performance, such as the U.S. Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) and the Pollutant Release and Transfer Register system (PRTRs) used in some European countries and Japan, play an important role in encouraging firms or facilities to improve their environmental performance, if investors, consumers and residents recognize their environmental performance. This study uses a hedonic approach to explore how the Japanese rental housing market responds to carcinogenic risk arising from releases and transfers of chemical substances produced and used at close facilities. We found that residents do not perceive carcinogenic risk generated more than 1.0 km away from their residence and that they seem to recognize the increased carcinogenic risk at distances from 0.5 km to 1.0 km away; a 1% increase in carcinogenic risk reduces the average rent by 0.0007%. The distance at which residents perceive the risk arising from such facilities is less than in previous studies. This suggests that the risk perception recognized in previous studies may capture the other externalities in addition to the chemical risk because the risk is measured by the distance. PMID:20855148

Hibiki, Akira; Managi, Shunsuke

2011-01-01

159

7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

160

Quarterly Review: International Banking and Financial Market Developments, June 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

According to this issue of International Banking and Financial Market Development, equity markets, especially those trading technology stocks, marked the first several months of this year as "a period of heightened market volatility."

161

Marketing and Development for Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 23 essays provides an overview of current marketing and resource development practices in community colleges. The first of the five sections in the book, "Organizing for Successful Advancement," contains chapters on "Organization of the Successful Institutional Office," by Nanette J. Smith; "The President and Institutional…

Ryan, G. Jeremiah, Ed.; Smith, Nanette J., Ed.

162

The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

2009-01-01

163

International Capital Markets: Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication has recently been made available by the International Monetary Fund. International Capital Markets: Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues is part of an annual series that has been produced since 1980. It is "an integral element of the IMF's surveillance of developments in international financial markets." It contains sections on developments in mature markets, emerging markets, and international banking, among others.

Folkerts-Landau, David.; Mathieson, Donald J.; Schinasi, Garry J.

1997-01-01

164

Stock Market Development and Financial Intermediaries: Stylized Facts  

Microsoft Academic Search

World stock markets are booming, and emerging stock markets account for a disproportionate share of this growth. Yet economists lack a common concept or measure of stock market development. This article collects and compares a broad array indicators of stock market and financial intermediary development, using data from forty-four developing and industrial countries during the period from 1986 to 1993.

Asli Demirguc-kunt; Ross Levine

1996-01-01

165

Marketing: Putting People in the Process. White House Conference on Library and Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that some public, school, law, academic, and special libraries have adopted marketing as a management tool, this paper begins by discussing marketing principles as defined by the American Marketing Association (AMA). Librarians are advised to center their marketing activities around what is known as the "4 P's" of marketing: Product, Price,…

Leisner, Anthony

166

Testimony on Segregation and Housing Discrimination in the Hispanic Community, before Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development, Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, United States House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this testimony before the House Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development, the Director of Policy Analysis for the National Council of La Raza discusses the segregation and housing discrimination faced by Hispanic Americans. He contends that housing conditions for much of the Hispanic community are inadequate, due largely to low income…

National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC. Office of Research Advocacy and Legislation.

167

Federal Responsess to Market Turmoil. Testimony of Peter R. Orzag, before the Committee on the Budget, U.S. House of Representatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since August 2007, the Federal Reserve and the Treasury have been attempting to address a series of severe breakdowns in financial markets that emanated from the bursting of the housing bubble, leading to substantial losses on mortgage-related securities ...

P. R. Orszag

2008-01-01

168

Neighborhood Development Program, Colorado A-2, West Side Housing, Denver, Colorado.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project is a Neighborhood Development Program and housing program to provide low and moderate and medium income housing in an area just west of the Central Business District of Denver, Colorado. The project will remove 47 businesses and 275 housing un...

1973-01-01

169

The Effects of Project Head Start and Differential Housing Environments Upon Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests the influence of various combinations of housing environments with both the participation and nonparticipation of disadvantaged children in a special enrichment program. Three hypotheses are put forth: (1) children living in public housing will exhibit greater growth and development than children living in substandard housing; (2)…

Rice, Robert R.

170

Financial market development and corporate financing: evidence from emerging market economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of financial market development on corporate financing of emerging market firms to ascertain whether or not interactions in the financial market has any impact on the available choice of financing of firms. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Panel data covering the period 1990-2006 for 34 emerging market economies were analyzed within

Godfred A. Bokpin

2010-01-01

171

Usability evaluation of in-housed developed ERP system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Enterprise Resource Planning systems are the combination of different business IS (Information System) applications that are designed according to the organization requirements. Generally ERP systems are suffering from complex user interface issues. Recent research shows that there is a need for improvement concerning, the user interface from their perspectives. In order to design the software applications that are easy to use, memorize and apply to new problems, we must know the users philosophy and something about learning, reminiscence and problems solving. The Usability engineering is the only way to study the deeds of users while interacting with ERP (Enterprise Resource & Planning). This paper will focus on the users' experiences view of financial module in ERP system. The HCI research method, explicitly survey questionnaire method was adopted to gather users understanding in order to evaluate the selected modules for in-housed ERP system. The study involved group of users from two industries, the results can not be generalized as a whole. The study was first time successfully applied Usability evaluation on in-housed ERP in local industry (Masood Textile Mills, Interloop Ltd) in Pakistan. The results may hopefully opened-up an area of research and methodology that could provide considerable further benefits to Industry in developments of Industrial information systems.

Faisal, Chaudhry Muhammad Nadeem; Shakeel Faridi, Muhammad; Javed, Zahid

2011-10-01

172

1. VIEW SOUTHEAST SHOWING NORTHWEST (FRONT) ELEVATION, RIGHT HOUSE (Left ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW SOUTHEAST SHOWING NORTHWEST (FRONT) ELEVATION, RIGHT HOUSE (Left house is 415 Market Street, HABS No. NJ-901-F.) - 403-521 Market Street (Houses & Commercial Buildings), 413 Market Street (House), 413 Market Street, Trenton, Mercer County, NJ

173

Commercial aircraft development and the export market  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The various factors which endanger the future of commercial aircraft development are defined. The factors discussed are: (1) a decline in federally funded research and development programs, (2) a general decline in the economic health of the domestic airlines, (3) the increased cost of development which may be several times the net worth of the company, (4) the development overseas of common market and manufacturing consortia, and (5) foreign manufacturers receiving significant financial support from their national governments. It is stated that unless immediate and innovative solutions to combat these factors are found, the commercial aviation industry will be in serious difficulty.

Snodgrass, J.

1972-01-01

174

Labour Markets and Productivity in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In middle-income countries, the informal sector often accountes for a substantial fraction of the urban labour force. We develop a general equilibrium model with matching frictions in the urban labour market, the possibility of self-employment in the informal sector, and scope for rural-urban migration. We investigate the effects of different types of growth on wages and the informal sector, and

Mathan Satchi; Jonathan Temple

2008-01-01

175

Growth and labour markets in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In middle-income countries, the informal sector often accounts for a substantial fraction of urban employment. We develop a general equilibrium model with matching frictions in the urban labour market, the possibility of self-employment in the informal sector, and scope for rural-urban migration. We investigate the effects of different types of growth on wages and the informal sector, and the extent

Mathan Satchi; Jonathan Temple

2006-01-01

176

An in-house developed annular bright field detection system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Annular bright field (ABF) detectors have been developed in the last few years allowing the direct imaging of low-Z atoms from oxygen down to hydrogen. These types of detectors are now available as standard attachments for the latest generation of top-end electron microscopes. However these systems cannot always be installed in previous generation microscopes. In this paper we report the preliminary results of an in-house implementation of a ABF detection system on a CEOS aberration corrected JEOL 2200FS STEM. This has been obtained by exploiting the standard BF detector coupled with a high vacuum compatible, X-ray tight and retractable shadowing mechanism. This results in the acquisition of near zero-angle scattered electrons with inner collection semi-angle from 2.0 mrad to 23 mrad and outer semi-angle in the range from 3.0 mrad to 35 mrad. The characteristics and performances of this ABF detection system are discussed.

Lari, Leonardo; Wright, Ian; Pingstone, Daniel; Steward, Jonathan; Gilks, Daniel; Lazarov, Vlado K.

2014-06-01

177

Overcoming the barriers to market-oriented product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the concept of market-oriented product development and describes the extent to which a number of Danish food companies and Dutch manufacturers of medical equipment were market oriented in developing new products. The results are combined with the current product development literature to identify the major barriers that prevent managers from capitalizing on existing normative results regarding market-oriented product development.

Wim G. Biemans; Hanne Harmsen

1995-01-01

178

Role of state and market in housing delivery for low-income groups in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the importance of housing, it hasgenerally received very low priority in India'spublic policy and investment program, which haschanged frequently since independence in 1947. Although the government has embarked on avariety of innovative housing programs andpolicies, especially for the lower-incomesegments of the population in urban areas, thecoverage of these programs and schemes ismarginal as compared to the overall housingrequirements of

Alpana Sivam; Sadasivam Karuppannan

2002-01-01

179

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section 922...IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Research § 922.45 Marketing research and development. The committee, with...

2014-01-01

180

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section 923...IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Research § 923.45 Marketing research and development. The committee, with...

2014-01-01

181

Understanding the LANDSAT market in developing countries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The constraints on the growth of the market which stem from the development process itself and from a country's technical, political, and institutional attributes were examined. Four competing factors guide the development of policy regarding an operational land remote sensing system and are summarized. The factors are: there is a need to boost U.S. experts in areas where the U.S. holds a technological lead; the need to develop user applications in developing countries on their terms coincides with foreign policy; developing countries desire to take control of their own development; and the U.S. government wants to enlist the participation of major companies in the management, operation, and ownership of the operational system.

Willard, M. R.

1980-01-01

182

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE AMERICAN HOUSING...of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable...of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 (12 U...Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25...

2013-04-01

183

Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on Tuesday May 8, 2001, Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports is a 61-page report that strives to show that developing countries are also benefiting from multilateral, unilateral, and regional trade liberalization. The report is divided into three main sections. Protection in Merchandise Trade offers information on tariffs, agricultural subsidies and non-tariff measures, and trade preferences. The second section, Trade in Services, provides background, current research, and forecasts in two categories: barriers to trade in services and measuring barriers to trade in services. Finally, the last section explores the benefits of liberalizations in several different factions.

184

Pacific Tuna Development Foundation: Shark Control and Market Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Division of Fish and Wildlife, was awarded $50,020.00 by Pacific Tuna Development Foundation to conduct shark fishing and market development in the Northern Mariana Islands. The primary objective of the project is to reduce the number of shark populat...

1982-01-01

185

ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

186

77 FR 69651 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program for Small Area Fair Market Rent...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Program for Small Area Fair Market Rent Demonstration Program Participants; Fiscal Year...participating in the Small Area FMR Demonstration...to participate in the Small Area FMR Demonstration Program. Only those PHAs that...

2012-11-20

187

An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy.  

PubMed

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy(-1) can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min(-1)) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37 degrees C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding +/-30 degrees C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations. PMID:20090184

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-02-21

188

An analysis of stock market efficiency: Developed vs Islamic stock markets using MF-DFA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient market has been theoretically proven to be a key component for effective and efficient resource allocation in an economy. This paper incorporates econophysics with Efficient Market Hypothesis to undertake a comparative analysis of Islamic and developed countries’ markets by extending the understanding of their multifractal nature. By applying the Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MFDFA) we calculated the generalized Hurst exponents, multifractal scaling exponents and generalized multifractal dimensions for 22 broad market indices. The findings provide a deeper understanding of the markets in Islamic countries, where they have traces of highly efficient performance particularly in crisis periods. A key finding is the empirical evidence of the impact of the ‘stage of market development’ on the efficiency of the market. If Islamic countries aim to improve the efficiency of resource allocation, an important area to address is to focus, among others, on enhancing the stage of market development.

Rizvi, Syed Aun R.; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Bacha, Obiyathulla I.; Masih, Mansur

189

Space market model development project, phase 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a research project investigating information needs for space commercialization is described. The Space Market Model Development Project (SMMDP) was designed to help NASA identify the information needs of the business community and to explore means to meet those needs. The activity of the SMMDP is reviewed and a report of its operation via three sections is presented. The first part contains a brief historical review of the project since inception. The next part reports results of Phase 3, the most recent stage of activity. Finally, overall conclusions and observations based on the SMMDP research results are presented.

Bishop, Peter C.; Hamel, Gary P.

1989-01-01

190

International market development: new patterns in SMEs international market behaviour?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the changing market environment it is necessary even for small and medium-sized companies to build long-term relationships in order to survive and to be competitive in the marketplace. The process of building relationships is a demanding and complex task, especially if it is done in an international environment. As a result of greater international competition changes on the marketplace

Bo Rundh

2001-01-01

191

The Impact of News, Oil Prices, and Global Market Developments on Russian Financial Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the impact of news, oil prices, and international financial market developments on daily returns on Russian bond and stock markets. First, regarding returns, energy news affects returns, while news from the war in Chechnya is not significant. Market volatility does not appear to be sensitive to either type of news. Second, a significant effect of the growth

Bernd Hayo; Ali M. Kutan

2004-01-01

192

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Production research and marketing research and development projects...45 Production research and marketing research and development projects...of production research, and marketing research and development projects...

2009-01-01

193

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45...45 Production research, marketing research and development. The...establishment of production research, marketing research and development projects...

2009-01-01

194

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Production research and marketing research and development projects...45 Production research and marketing research and development projects...of production research, and marketing research and development projects...

2010-01-01

195

Indoor nitrogen dioxide in five Chattangooga, Tennessee public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes an indoor nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) sampling study conducted during January through March of 1987 in five Chattanooga public housing developments. The origins of this study date to the summer of 1983 when the Piney Woods Community Organization (a citizens action group) expressed concern about toxic industrial air pollution and the effects it might have on their community. In response to these concerns, the Chattanooga-Hamilton County Air Pollution Control Bureau (Bureau) requested assistance from the Tennessee Department of Health and Environment (TDHE) in conducting a community health survey and assistance from the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in conducting a community air quality measurement program. The TDHE community health study did not find any significant differences between the mortality statistics for the Piney Woods community and a demographically similar control group. However, a health survey revealed that Piney Woods residents did not have a statistically significant higher self-reported prevalence of cough, wheezing, phlegm, breathlessness, colds, and respiratory illness.

Parkhurst, W.J.; Harper, J.P. (Tennessee Valley Authority (US)); Spengler, J.D.; Fraumeni, L.P.; Majahad, A.M. (Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA (US)); Cropp, J.W. (Chattanooga-Hamilton County Air Pollution Control Bureau, Chattanooga, TN (US))

1988-01-01

196

Housing Quality and Access to Material and Learning Resources within the Home Environment in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined home environment conditions (housing quality, material resources, formal and informal learning materials) and their relations with the Human Development Index (HDI) in 28 developing countries. Home environment conditions in these countries varied widely. The quality of housing and availability of material resources at home were…

Bradley, Robert H.; Putnick, Diane L.

2012-01-01

197

Development of Consistency between Marketing and Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined descriptive information about marketing, enrollment management, institutional planning and factors affecting them. A factor analysis of statistically appropriate variables identified factors associated with a state of symbiosis between marketing and institutional planning. (Author/BL)

Williford, A. Michael

1986-01-01

198

Rural development and financial markets in Romania  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the transition from a centrally planned to a market-oriented economy, such as in Romania, the domestic financial market\\u000a plays two important roles. First, the financial market itself must be fundamentally restructured. Second, its efficient functioning\\u000a is a crucial precondition for economic transformation. In transition economies, however, financial market institutions tend\\u000a to concentrate their services on urban or larger rural

Franz Heidhues; Gertrud Schrieder

2000-01-01

199

Developing more effective social marketing strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The reason for this paper is to better understand why many social marketing campaigns produce poor results and to propose a model to guide social marketing strategic planning to improve program outcomes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a conceptual paper which discusses a new social marketing model to remove upstream causes of target social problems. Findings – It appears

Walter Wymer

2011-01-01

200

Commons and markets: opportunities for development of local sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development studies have often evolved amidst a tension between the tendency to declare all forms of communal management archaic and in need of modernisation via privatisation and market integration, and the temptation to essentialise indigenous management with nostalgia while vilifying market impacts. Closer examination suggests that common property systems will not simply collapse under market pressure, or create defensive bulwarks

Ismael Vaccaro; Laura C. Zanotti; Jennifer Sepez

2009-01-01

201

The Development of the Land Lease Market in Rural China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the development of the land lease market in rural China. Special attention is paid to productive heterogeneity among farmers and the openness of the labor market in activating the land lease market. A theoretical model is employed to explore the underlying connections. An econometric model is implemented using a two-period panel data set gathered in three counties

Yang Yao

2000-01-01

202

Cogeneration development and market potential in China  

SciTech Connect

China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Xin, D. [State Planning Commission of China, Beijing, BJ (China). Energy Research Inst.

1996-05-01

203

Exploring the potential of Product Service Systems to achieve household waste prevention on new housing developments in the UK.  

PubMed

Product service systems (PSS) are cleaner product concepts which have been developed to achieve improvements in resource productivity which may be realized from modern trends in service delivery. However, there is a paucity of research on the waste prevention performance of PSS in UK household markets. This paper reports the findings of exploratory research which begins to address this gap in knowledge. An exploratory waste prevention assessment was completed on four experimental PSS which were developed in conjunction with a major UK house-builder for delivery on their new housing developments. The results of the assessment show that the selected PSS concepts have potential to prevent high value and harmful Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) arising in UK household waste streams. Consistent with the canon of exploratory research, the assessment also identifies a number of factors which are thought to influence PSS waste prevention performance. It is recognized that further research is needed to gain an in-depth understanding of these factors as well as to define policy measures which enable the conditions in which PSS prevent household waste on new housing developments in the UK to be created. PMID:19470530

Gottberg, Annika; Longhurst, Philip J; Cook, Matthew B

2010-03-01

204

Woningvoorraad en woningverwarming. Ontwikkeling en tendensen. (Housing stock and space heating. Developments and trends).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results from the computer models WOVESTAT and WOVEGAS with regard to the development of the housing stock, space heating, gas consumption and emissions of CO(sub 2) and NO(sub x) are presented for the Netherlands. First a brief history of the housing ...

J. M. Bais

1990-01-01

205

Development of a Compact Maglev Centrifugal Blood Pump Enclosed in a Titanium Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A compact centrifugal blood pump consisting of a controlled two-degrees-of-freedom radial magnetic bearing and a brushless DC motor enclosed in a titanium housing has been developed for use as an implantable ventricular assist device. The magnetic bearing also supports axial and angular motions of the impeller via a magnetic coupling. The top housing is made of pure titanium, while the

Chi Nan Pai; Tadahiko Shinshi; Junichi Asama; Setsuo Takatani; Akira Shimokohbe

2008-01-01

206

Surge arresters in composite housings - new developments and long term experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the development of surge arresters in composite housings and their use in practical applications for over 15 years, as well as additional information on the latest results of continuous R&D-activities. The design of the housing has been adapted to the arrester's characteristics, particularly with respect to the pressure relief capability, which is extremely important.

Lars Klingbeil; Ulrich Bauch

2008-01-01

207

Development of an Electric Powered Tiller for House Gardening  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the design, manufacturing, analysis, control, and experimental activities in which a student conducted for a motor-powered tiller for house gardening work. In Japan, the engagement in agricultural business was decreased to 50% during the past 20 years, and labor-saving and efficiency has been demanded. Besides, the elderly engagements are about 50 %. In this research, a student

Haruo Sakamoto

2007-01-01

208

Child Development and the Housing Environment. Volume 3: Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the final part of a three-volume study, this review focuses on housing as an instrument of environmental change with particular emphasis on socioeconomic rather than physical dimensions. Three literature orientations relating to the effectiveness of intervention in the lives of the poor are used for review. They are (1) literature that is…

Urban Systems Research and Engineering, Inc., Cambridge, MA.

209

Developing the marketing concept in public accounting firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the American Institute of Certified Public Accounts relaxes its practice development restrictions, CPA firms find themselves\\u000a with a need to develop more aggressive approaches to the markets they serve. This paper focuses on the development of a marketing\\u000a strategy for an illustrative market, that of small, rapidly-growing high technology firms. Results from a telephone survey\\u000a of company executives serve

Tyzoon T. Tyebjee; Albert V. Bruno

1982-01-01

210

The Development of the Index 21 Housing Layout Tool: The A ssessment of Non-Monetary Environmental Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

I n recent years mass housing developments, built by speculative developers in Scotland, has broadly focused on economically led strategies, with housing built to high densities. Current methods of development have widely ignored environmental issues. In contrast, the wider issues of sustainability, and consequently housing developments, have become ever more complex. Yet local planning authorities are required to incorporate these

J. Scott; G. Deveci; B. Brogden

211

UK Housing Market: Time Series Processes with Independent and Identically Distributed Residuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines whether a univariate data generating process can be identified which explains the data by having residuals\\u000a that are independent and identically distributed, as verified by the BDS test. The stationary first differenced natural log\\u000a quarterly house price index is regressed, initially with a constant variance and then with a conditional variance. The only\\u000a regression function that produces

Geoff Willcocks

2009-01-01

212

Flood Hazards and Urban Housing Markets: The Effects of Katrina on New Orleans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impacts on consumers’ willingness to pay for certain characteristics of housing in greater New Orleans\\u000a before and after the flooding of Hurricane Katrina. Single-family home sales from January 2004 to August 2006 are collected\\u000a and used in a hedonic price function to estimate the changes in the value of amenities, and structural, neighborhood and geographic\\u000a characteristics,

Russell McKenzie; John Levendis

2010-01-01

213

76 FR 73989 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-09...Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 AGENCY: Office of the...authority under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and HUD's...

2011-11-29

214

Housing Quality and Access to Material and Learning Resources within the Home Environment in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

This study examined home environment conditions (housing quality, material resources, formal and informal learning materials) and their relations with the Human Development Index (HDI) in 28 developing countries. Home environment conditions in these countries varied widely. The quality of housing and availability of material resources at home were consistently tied to HDI; the availability of formal and informal learning materials little less so. Gross domestic product (GDP) tended to show a stronger independent relation with housing quality and material resources than life expectancy and education. Formal learning resources were independently related to the GDP and education indices, and informal learning resources were not independently related to any constituent indices of the overall HDI.

Bradley, Robert H.; Putnick, Diane L.

2011-01-01

215

External Validity of Policy Related Research on Development Controls and Housing Costs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is organized in three parts. The first part is a broad review of the literature on development controls and housing costs from three perspectives: urban guidance, residential investment and reasonable protection. The second part systematically...

E. M. Bergman P. C. Emmi C. H. Green E. E. Malizia D. C. Niehus

1974-01-01

216

75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning Grants and the Department of Transportation's TIGER II Planning Grants Correction In notice document 2010-15353 beginning on page 36246 in the issue of Thursday, June 24,...

2010-07-02

217

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

218

Guest editorial : Export marketing: developments and a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Export marketing research over the last four decades has covered a number of theoretical and practical issues such as standardisation and customisation, export development processes, barriers to exporting, export performance, etc. Rapid technological, institutional, legislative, economic and attitudinal changes across the globe pose challenges for the future development of export marketing research. The emergence of turbulent and hypercompetitive business environments

George Balabanis; Marios Theodosiou; Evangelia S. Katsikea

2004-01-01

219

Weakness In Grand Rapids Housing Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The weak housing market has been one of the most important business stories of 2007. A weak housing market decreases the value of a house. As a result, the wealth of the individual consumer drops, decreasing their financial security. There are many ways to measure the weakness in the housing market such as the number of house sales, foreclosure rates,

Paul N Isely; Elvira Yaparova

2008-01-01

220

NASA in-house Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) study report. Volume 1: Concept configuration definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a NASA in-house team effort to develop a concept definition for a Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) are presented. Science mission utilization definition scenarios are documented, the conceptual configuration definition system performance parameters qualified, benchmark operational scenarios developed, space shuttle interface descriptions provided, and development schedule activity was assessed with respect to the establishment of a proposed launch date.

Deryder, L. J.; Chiger, H. D.; Deryder, D. D.; Detweiler, K. N.; Dupree, R. L.; Gillespie, V. P.; Hall, J. B.; Heck, M. L.; Herrick, D. C.; Katzberg, S. J.

1989-01-01

221

Export Marketing Strategies of a Developing Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chile is becoming an important food exporter worldwide. The Chilean food industry has been growing consistently during the last decade reaching almost US$8 billion, which represents 25% of total Chilean exports in 2004. The main objective of this study is to analyze the Chilean salmon, wine, and fruit export industry, and to understand the marketing strategies that have led this

Constanza C. Bianchi; Rodrigo A. García

2007-01-01

222

Promote Specialized Market Upgrading by Developing Modern Logistics Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specialized markets in Zhejiang are of great number and scale and now face the challenge of improve the competitiveness. The author is of the opinion that modern logistics parks with third-parties as major services providers, comprehensive functions, flexible transportation, and modern information system are necessary to continuous developments for those Specialized markets.

Zheng Shaoqing

2010-01-01

223

Privatization or Marketization: Educational Development in Post-Mao China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines how the flourishing market economy and the policy of decentralization have affected the development of China's higher education, specifically the movement away from relying solely on public schools. Rather, private and minban educational institutions are becoming more popular in the new socialist market system. Concludes with a discussion…

Mok, Ka Ho

1999-01-01

224

Development of the Capital Market in India - A Regulatory Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capital Markets are an important mobilizer of resources for the corporate sector. Investors’ confidence is key to the healthy developments of capital markets, it is necessary that comprehensive and adequate laws exists to regulate security industry to protect investors interests and rights. The laws should also provide for an effective nodal regulatory agency to ensure fair play, discipline and integrity

Gupta Ramesh

225

How much choice is there in housing choice vouchers? Neighborhood risk and free market rental housing accessibility for active drug users in Hartford, Connecticut  

PubMed Central

Background Since the mid-1970s, the dominant model for U.S. federal housing policy has shifted from unit-based programs to tenant based vouchers and certificates, intended to allow recipients a choice in their housing and neighborhoods. Surprisingly little research has examined the question of where those with Section 8 housing vouchers are able to live, but some research suggests that voucher holders are more likely to reside in distressed neighborhoods than unsubsidized renter households. Further, federal housing policy has limited drug users' access to housing subsidies. In turn, neighborhood disorder has been associated with higher levels of injection drug risk behaviors, and higher drug-related mortality. This paper explores rental accessibility and neighborhood characteristics of advertised rental housing in Hartford CT. Methods Brief telephone interviews were conducted with landlords or management companies with units to rent in Hartford to explore housing accessibility measured as initial move in costs, credit and criminal background checks, and whether rental subsidies were accepted. These data were supplemented with in-depth interviews with landlords, shelter staff and active users of heroin, crack or cocaine. Apartments for rent were geocoded and mapped using ArcGIS. We used location quotients to identify areas where low-income rental housing is concentrated. Finally, we mapped apartments in relation to drug and violent arrest rates in each neighborhood. Results High security deposits, criminal background and credit checks limit housing accessibility even for drug users receiving vouchers. While most landlords or management companies accepted housing subsidies, several did not. Voucher units are concentrated in neighborhoods with high poverty neighborhoods. Landlords reported little incentive to accept rental subsidies in neighborhoods with low crime rates, but appreciated the guarantee provided by Section 8 in high crime neighborhoods that were less likely to attract applicants with good jobs and credit. Conclusion Housing vouchers in themselves do not greatly improve recipients' choice of neighborhood and voucher units are concentrated in the most distressed neighborhoods. Policy changes are needed to increase landlords' incentives to accept housing subsidies. Interventions to improve neighborhood conditions are needed to improve the probability of success for those recovering from drug addictions.

Dickson-Gomez, Julia B; Cromley, Ellen; Convey, Mark; Hilario, Helena

2009-01-01

226

Housing in Cumberland County, North Carolina.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report covers six aspects of the Cumberland County North Carolina housing market: community housing goals; overall housing supply and demand; housing needs for low and moderate income families; the role of the mobile home; amount and distribution of s...

1971-01-01

227

Space market model development project, phase 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the prototype operations of the Space Business Information Center are presented. A clearinghouse for space business information for members of the U.S. space industry composed of public, private, and academic sectors was conducted. Behavioral and evaluation statistics were recorded from the clearinghouse and the conclusions from these statistics are presented. Business guidebooks on major markets in space business are discussed. Proprietary research and briefings for firms and agencies in the space industry are also discussed.

Bishop, Peter C.

1988-01-01

228

Condensed tannins inhibit house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) development in livestock manure.  

PubMed

Reducing chemical use for suppressing internal and external parasites of livestock is essential for protecting environmental health. Although plant condensed tannins are known to suppress gastro-intestinal parasites in small ruminants, no research on the effects of tannins on external arthropod populations such as the house fly, Musca domestica L., have been conducted. We examined the impact of plant material containing condensed tannins on house fly development. Prairie acacia (Acacia angustissima (Mill.), Kuntze variety hirta (Nutt.) B.L. Rob.) herbage, panicled tick-clover (Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC.) herbage, and quebracho (Shinopsis balansae Engl.) extracts were introduced at rates of 1, 3 or 5% condensed tannins/kg beef cattle, dairy cattle, and goat manure, respectively. In a second experiment, we also introduce purified catechin at 1 or 3% of dairy manure dry matter and measured its impact on house fly development. For the house flies used in these experiments, the following was recorded: percent fly emergence (PFE), average daily gain (ADG), and average fly weight (AFW). No effects (P>0.05) in house fly development were measured in the caprine manure. Prairie acacia (20.9% condensed tannins) had no effect on house flies developing in either bovine manures. Tick clover (4.9% condensed tannins) had a negative effect on all three quantifiable variables of house fly development in the bovine manures, whereas quebracho extract (64.0% condensed tannins) at the 3 and 5% rate reduced fly emergence in beef manure and average daily gain in dairy manure. The application of purified catechin at 3%, but not 1%, reduced fly PFE, ADG, and AFW. PMID:22217775

Littlefield, Kimberly A; Muir, James P; Lambert, Barry D; Tomberlin, Jeffery K

2011-12-01

229

Taking the Evolutionary Road to Developing an In-House Cost Estimate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the process and some of the problems and challenges of developing an In-House Cost Estimate (IHCE). Using as an example the Space Network Ground Segment Sustainment (SGSS) project, the presentation reviews the phases for developing a Cost estimate within the project to estimate government and contractor project costs to support a budget request.

Jacintho, David; Esker, Lind; Herman, Frank; Lavaque, Rodolfo; Regardie, Myma

2011-01-01

230

The Impact of University Housing Construction Type on Psychosocial Development of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of university housing construction type on psychosocial development of first-year students. Data were collected at a large, four-year, public, research university in the Southeast using the Student Development Task and Lifestyle Assessment. The population considered for this study consisted of…

Owens, Justin Tyler

2010-01-01

231

Housing Rural Communities: Connecting Rural Dwellings to Rural Development in Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the interaction between rural development policy and planning policies for rural housing within the context of Ireland. Drawing on an interpretive approach to policy analysis, the paper examines competing narratives of ‘the rural’ within the policy arena that underpin a fragmented approach to rural sustainable development. The evidence points to a disconnection between these spheres of public

Mark Scott; Michael Murray

2009-01-01

232

78 FR 25295 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Final Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 Fair Market Rents (FMRs), Update...or Peter B. Kahn, Economic and Market Analysis Division, Office of Economic Affairs...number of bedrooms in unit 2013 Fair market rent...

2013-04-30

233

75 FR 11553 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACTION: Notice of Final Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for Fiscal Year 2010...Lynn A. Rodgers, Economic and Market Analysis Division, Office of Economic Affairs...HUD's notice of proposed Fair Market Rents published on August 4,...

2010-03-11

234

Risk Behavior and Perception Among Youths Residing in Urban Public Housing Developments  

PubMed Central

The scientific literature and popular media suggest that variations in housing structure and neighborhood influence risk behaviors among youths living in low-income urban communities. To explore the importance of these factors on early sexual intercourse, substance use, drug trafficking, and school truancy, data from a community-based survey, conducted in six public housing developments in a major eastern metropolis, were analyzed. The survey group consisted of 300 youths aged 9 through 15 years. There were minimal differences in three potential mediators of risk behaviors (e.g., perceived social support, parenting style, and perceived risk exposure) and in self-reported adolescent risk behaviors among youths residing in different housing developments and between youths residing in high-rise and in low-rise structures. These findings do not support the hypothesis that within a risk-dense low-income environment, variations in building structure or in neighborhood are associated with differences in adolescent risk behaviors.

Li, Xiaoming; Stanton, Bonita; Black, Maureen M.; Romer, Daniel; Ricardo, Izabel; Kaljee, Linda

1994-01-01

235

Cutting energy costs in multifamily housing: Practical case studies for the builder and developer  

SciTech Connect

This book is based on an expert evaluation of nine existing and three proposed multifamily housing projects across the US. The existing buildings include three lowrise projects (three to four stories), six midrises (five to seven stories), and three highrise buildings (nine to thirty-nine stories). Two projects were designed and built in the late 1950's, two in the late 1960's, and five late in the ''energy-crisis'' of the 1970's. The existing projects range from municipally subsidized elderly housing, to HUD Section-8 suburban developments, to luxury urban highrise buildings. The three ''future'' buildings, designed by the NAHB research team, were based on trends anticipated in the multifamily industry by IREM and NAHB leaders, over the next five years. The key trends identified were: downsizing of units (by 10 to 20%); increased project size (in number of units), denser developments (more midrise and highrise projects), and increased amenities - all in the context of more affordable housing.

Whiddon, W.I.

1986-01-01

236

Promoting health and advancing development through improved housing in low-income settings.  

PubMed

There is major untapped potential to improve health in low-income communities through improved housing design, fittings, materials and construction. Adverse effects on health from inadequate housing can occur through a range of mechanisms, both direct and indirect, including as a result of extreme weather, household air pollution, injuries or burns, the ingress of disease vectors and lack of clean water and sanitation. Collaborative action between public health professionals and those involved in developing formal and informal housing could advance both health and development by addressing risk factors for a range of adverse health outcomes. Potential trade-offs between design features which may reduce the risk of some adverse outcomes whilst increasing the risk of others must be explicitly considered. PMID:23271143

Haines, Andy; Bruce, Nigel; Cairncross, Sandy; Davies, Michael; Greenland, Katie; Hiscox, Alexandra; Lindsay, Steve; Lindsay, Tom; Satterthwaite, David; Wilkinson, Paul

2013-10-01

237

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents` energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today`s results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

238

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents' energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today's results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

239

Sample selection and spatial models of housing price indexes, and, A disequilibrium analysis of the U.S. gasoline market using panel data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation consists of two parts. The first part studies the sample selection and spatial models of housing price index using transaction data on detached single-family houses of two California metropolitan areas from 1990 through 2008. House prices are often spatially correlated due to shared amenities, or when the properties are viewed as close substitutes in a housing submarket. There have been many studies that address spatial correlation in the context of housing markets. However, none has used spatial models to construct housing price indexes at zip code level for the entire time period analyzed in this dissertation to the best of my knowledge. In this paper, I study a first-order autoregressive spatial model with four different weighing matrix schemes. Four sets of housing price indexes are constructed accordingly. Gatzlaff and Haurin (1997, 1998) study the sample selection problem in housing index by using Heckman's two-step method. This method, however, is generally inefficient and can cause multicollinearity problem. Also, it requires data on unsold houses in order to carry out the first-step probit regression. Maximum likelihood (ML) method can be used to estimate a truncated incidental model which allows one to correct for sample selection based on transaction data only. However, convergence problem is very prevalent in practice. In this paper I adopt Lewbel's (2007) sample selection correction method which does not require one to model or estimate the selection model, except for some very general assumptions. I then extend this method to correct for spatial correlation. In the second part, I analyze the U.S. gasoline market with a disequilibrium model that allows lagged-latent variables, endogenous prices, and panel data with fixed effects. Most existing studies (see the survey of Espey, 1998, Energy Economics) of the gasoline market assume equilibrium. In practice, however, prices do not always adjust fast enough to clear the market. Equilibrium assumptions greatly simplify statistical inference, but are very restrictive and can produce conflicting estimates. For example, econometric models of markets that assume equilibrium often produce more elastic demand price elasticity than their disequilibrium counterparts (Holt and Johnson, 1989, Review of Economics and Statistics, Oczkowski, 1998, Economics Letters). The few studies that allow disequilibrium, however, have been limited to macroeconomic time-series data without lagged-latent variables. While time series data allows one to investigate national trends, it cannot be used to identify and analyze regional differences and the role of local markets. Exclusion of the lagged-latent variables is also undesirable because such variables capture adjustment costs and inter-temporal spillovers. Simulation methods offer tractable solutions to dynamic and panel data disequilibrium models (Lee, 1997, Journal of Econometrics), but assume normally distributed errors. This paper compares estimates of price/income elasticity and excess supply/demand across time periods, regions, and model specifications, using both equilibrium and disequilibrium methods. In the equilibrium model, I compare the within group estimator with Anderson and Hsiao's first-difference 2SLS estimator. In the disequilibrium model, I extend Amemiya's 2SLS by using Newey's efficient estimator with optimal instruments.

Hu, Haixin

240

Electricity market reforms: Institutional developments, investment dynamics and game modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The reform trend of the 1990's in electricity markets recreates, to some extent, the institutional framework from which they developed one century ago. Although these reforms do not endeavor to completely remove regulation, the basic objectives of deregulation dwell on limiting central and governmental control over the industry in order to promote free competition at all possible levels. To assess whether the electricity industry is or is not moving back to a 19th century structure is not the goal of this thesis. We will rather try to understand on what grounds deregulation reforms stand and review how different countries and large utilities have reacted to this trend. The special nature of electricity (non-storable basic good, centrally produced) creates different obstacles in the restructuring of electricity markets, compared to other industries like the airline or telecommunication ones. For example, the dominant positions of some utilities, the production structure and the importance of electricity in modern life could transform these reforms in a threatening move for consumers. Another specific issue arising from deregulation, now that national energy policy goals no longer rule the behavior of utilities, is how investment will be coordinated in the new market. A key element to keep in sight is the competition level targeted by these reforms. To which extent full competition can really occur in electricity markets remains an unanswered question. Indeed, the oligopolistic structure of the market could prevent such an outcome. An investigation of the investment dynamics in such a context seems therefore appropriate, and this will be an important theme of the thesis. This work offers an analysis of deregulated electricity markets and studies the oligopolistic market dynamics that could prevail in the new structure. Two complementary approaches are used for these purposes. The first is institutional and presents a thorough illustration of the economic arguments advanced to support market reforms and an industry view of the actual strategic actions undertaken by important utilities. Legislative changes will be reviewed for different countries with a discussion on the assessment procedures for these reforms. A detailed example of the reform process in the Finnish electricity market is presented. The investment issue will emerge as an interesting challenge to focus on, due to its importance for the market. The second approach is more analytical and develops on the market equilibria that could result from the new structure. A dynamic model of investment for the electricity market is built and applied to the Finnish market. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Pineau, Pierre-Olivier

241

Forests on the Edge: Housing Development on America's Private Forests.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The private working land base of America's forests is being converted to developed uses, with implications for the condition and management of affected private forests and the watersheds in which they occur. The Forests on the Edge project seeks to improv...

S. M. Stein R. E. McRoberts R. J. Alig M. D. Nelson D. M. Theobold M. Eley M. Dechter M. Carr

2005-01-01

242

Estelle Plantation Partnership. Municipal Golf Facility and Housing Development. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Volume II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is an investigative study conducted to determine the feasibility of developing a champion quality, regulation play 18-hole municipal golf course in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. The study evaluates the market potential of golf in the Jefferson ...

1996-01-01

243

Comparison of in-house developed ELISA with HPLC for measurement of hba1c.  

PubMed

In-house developed ELISA for HbA1c was evaluated in comparison with Bio-Rad D-10 Dual Program (HPLC). % HbA1c was estimated using said methods in 40 blood samples. Intra and inter assay coefficient of variation (CV) were in acceptable range i.e., <3%. HbA1c results obtained by two methods showed good correlation, (y = 0.8942x + 0.7229 R2 = 0.877). Sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive value for in-house ELISA classifying patients as controlled and uncontrolled diabetes against HPLC were recorded as 87%, 94.1%, 95.0%, and 93.8%, respectively, while accuracy of the test was 90.0%. In-house ELISA for HbA1c is not only accurate, cost effective and simple but also precise comparable to HPLC in deciding glycemic status of patients. PMID:23656250

Mohsin, Saima Naz; Ghafoor, Farkhanda; Aasim, Muhammad

2013-01-01

244

Surveying a Chicago Public Housing Development: Methodological Challenges and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the winter and spring of 2003, the Survey Research Laboratory conducted a survey of residents of the Ida Wells and Madden Park housing developments on Chicago's near-south side. This article reviews existing research findings on using indigenous interviewers and reports the findings about the benefits and challenges of using residents as…

Holbrook, Allyson L.; Farrar, Isabel C.; Popkin, Susan J.

2006-01-01

245

Logos, Ethos, Pathos, and Ecos: Neighborhood Housing Design Research and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an overview of a community-based teaching and learning project linking sustainability, working family housing, neighborhood social capital, and urban design research and development. The article foregrounds principles and protocols that can be used to measure community effectiveness and it highlights a basis for further…

Abell, John H.

2010-01-01

246

Development of a Simultaneous Extraction and Cleanup Method for Pyrethroid Pesticides from Indoor House Dust Samples  

EPA Science Inventory

An ef¿cient and reliable analytical method was developed for the sensitive and selective quanti¿cation of pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs) in house dust samples. The method is based on selective pressurized liquid extraction (SPLE) of the dust-bound PYRs into dichloromethane (DCM) wi...

247

Development of a Market Optimized Condensing Gas Water Heater  

Microsoft Academic Search

This program covered the development of a market optimized condensing gas water heater for residential applications. The intent of the program was to develop a condensing design that minimized the large initial cost premium associated with traditional condensing water heater designs. Equally important was that the considered approach utilizes design and construction methods that deliver the desired efficiency without compromising

Peter Pescatore

2006-01-01

248

A new market instrument for sustainable economic and environmental development.  

PubMed

The regenerative capacity of ecosystems provides a regulatory basis for sustainable economic growth and development. A natural valuation of an ecosystem's services will arise in a market for developmental rights in the ecosystem using a unit of tradable 'right': E-Scrip. The amount of e-scrip needed for a development may be set by Environmental Assessment. The capacity of the ecosystem to regenerate with developmental pressure may be represented by an independent trader or Factor Proxy for the Environment who provides e-scrip to the market. PMID:12859007

Hansell, Roger I C; Hansell, Timothy M; Fenech, Adam

2003-01-01

249

Community Work Development: A Marketing Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is concerned with developing community-based work for persons with disabilities, particularly disabled workers in segregated settings and individuals who are considered not yet ready for or capable of work. The first part of the publication deals with the following topics: the concepts of community, work, and severe disabilities; the…

Como, Perry; Hagner, David

250

Housing in Binghamton, Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report provides an analysis of the Binghamton housing market using data supplied by the 1970 census of population and housing. The document is intended to serve as a source for future studies of the Binghamton housing market, as well as a preliminary ...

1973-01-01

251

Teacher labor markets in developing countries.  

PubMed

Emiliana Vegas surveys strategies used by the world's developing countries to fill their classrooms with qualified teachers. With their low quality of education and wide gaps in student outcomes, schools in developing countries strongly resemble hard-to-staff urban U.S. schools. Their experience with reform may thus provide insights for U.S. policymakers. Severe budget constraints and a lack of teacher training capacity have pushed developing nations to try a wide variety of reforms, including using part-time or assistant teachers, experimenting with pay incentives, and using school-based management. The strategy of hiring teachers with less than full credentials has had mixed results. One successful program in India hired young women who lacked teaching certificates to teach basic literacy and numeracy skills to children whose skills were seriously lagging. After two years, student learning increased, with the highest gains among the least able students. As in the United States, says Vegas, teaching quality and student achievement in the developing world are sensitive to teacher compensation. As average teacher salaries in Chile more than doubled over the past decade, higher-quality students entered teacher education programs. And when Brazil increased educational funding and distributed resources more equitably, school enrollment increased and the gap in student test scores narrowed. Experiments with performance-based pay have had mixed results. In Bolivia a bonus for teaching in rural areas failed to produce higher-quality teachers. And in Mexico a system to reward teachers for improved student outcomes failed to change teacher performance. But Vegas explains that the design of teacher incentives is critical. Effective incentive schemes must be tightly coupled with desired behaviors and generous enough to give teachers a reason to make the extra effort. School-based management reforms give decisionmaking authority to the schools. Such reforms in Central America have reduced teacher absenteeism, increased teacher work hours, increased homework assignments, and improved parent-teacher relationships. These changes, says Vegas, are especially promising in schools where educational quality is low. PMID:17407930

Vegas, Emiliana

2007-01-01

252

The impact of specified professional development programme information as a marketing tool for effective recruitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study adopted a marketing strategy to enhance the recruiting outcome where the talent market is a product market and job applicants are consumers in the market. To examine the effect of the marketing strategy in recruiting talents concerning how job applicants might process recruiting messages, the study investigated the effect of promoting professional development programme using specific information as

Wen-Hao David Huang; Wen-Yeh Huang; Chuan-Chun Chiu

2011-01-01

253

Federal politics and market reform in the developing world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior research on the politics of market reform in developing nations has generally ignored the significant role of federal\\u000a political and economic arrangements in shaping adjustment processes. In contrast, this research develops a model of macroeconomic\\u000a reform that accounts for the significance of subnational economic policy in the developing world’s nine major federations.\\u000a I examine five hypotheses which are expected

Erik Wibbels

2001-01-01

254

Science, Institutions, and Markets: Developments in the Indian Biotechnology Sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bagchi-Sen S. and Lawton Smith H. Science, institutions, and markets: developments in the Indian biotechnology sector, Regional Studies. To be competitive Indian pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies pursue both imitative and innovation-based strategies. Some undertake contractual clinical research from multinationals now that product patents have replaced process patenting. The barriers for innovation are the lack of funds and regulations. Government funding

Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen; Helen Lawton Smith

2008-01-01

255

Recent technical and marketing developments in high power fiber lasers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presentation discusses recent advances in high power fiber lasers, including new and future fiber laser offerings. Also a review of the impact that fiber lasers are making in the material processing market and new applications that fiber lasers have developed.

B. Shiner

2009-01-01

256

Capital Market Responses to Environmental Performance in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capital markets do respond to information about a firm's environmental performance and if properly informed, may provide appropriate financial and reputational incentives for pollution control. Perhaps more resources should be used for disseminating firm-specific information about environmental performance to allow all stakeholders to make informed decisions.Firms in developing countries are often said to have no incentives to invest in pollution

Susmita Dasgupta; Nlandu Mamingi

1998-01-01

257

Public Policies and Public Resale Housing Prices in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Singapore, the public resale housing market is an active second-hand housing market, whereby previously subsidised new public housing units were being transacted at market prices. In contrast to the private housing price determinants that have been identified in the international literature, the prices of public resale housing in Singapore are largely determined by public policies rather than by economic

Yong Tu; Grace K. M. Wong

2002-01-01

258

24 CFR 1000.156 - Is affordable housing developed, acquired, or assisted under the IHBG program subject to...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...subject to limitations on cost or design standards? 1000.156 Section...Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR...subject to limitations on cost or design standards? Yes. Affordable housing must be of moderate design. For these purposes,...

2013-04-01

259

Early focus development effort, ultrasonic inspection of fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ultrasonic technique was developed for the fixed housing metal-to-adhesive bondline that will support the Flight 15 time frame and subsequent motors. The technique has the capability to detect a 1.0 inch diameter unbond with a 90 percent probability of detection (POD) at a 95 percent confidence level. The technique and support equipment will perform within the working envelope dictated by a stacked motor configuration.

Hartmann, John K.; Hoskins, Brad R.; Karner, Paul

1991-01-01

260

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to apply for occupancy. Marketing must not rely on âword of mouthâ advertising. (A) Advertising. (1 ) Frequency...opportunity logotype (the house and equal sign, with the words equal housing opportunity underneath the house); the...

2009-01-01

261

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...to apply for occupancy. Marketing must not rely on âword of mouthâ advertising. (A) Advertising. (1 ) Frequency...opportunity logotype (the house and equal sign, with the words equal housing opportunity underneath the house); the...

2010-01-01

262

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45 Section 932...Regulating Handling Research and Development § 932.45 Production research and marketing research and development projects. (a) The...

2014-01-01

263

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...Development § 925.45 Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...

2009-01-01

264

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...Development § 925.45 Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...

2010-01-01

265

A Secured Mobile Payment Model for Developing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The evolution of mobile payments continues to take place at the great speed with changing business models and technology schemes.\\u000a With the omnipresent availability of mobile phone and other mobile devices, mobile payment presents an investment opportunity\\u000a to developing markets. However, the success of mobile payment depends on the security of the underlying technology and the\\u000a associated business model. In

Bossi Masamila; Fredrick Mtenzi; Jafari Said; Rose Tinabo

2010-01-01

266

The COARSE procedure for scale development in marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Construct definition, Object classification, Attribute classification, Rater identification, Scale formation, and Enumeration and reporting (C-OAR-SE) is proposed as a new procedure for the development of scales to measure marketing constructs. C-OAR-SE is based on content validity, established by expert agreement after pre-interviews with target raters. In C-OAR-SE, constructs are defined in terms of Object, Attribute, and Rater Entity. The Object

John R. Rossiter

2002-01-01

267

Developing BTB relationships through direct marketing: customers' perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how business-to-business (BTB) relationships may be developed through direct marketing (DM) in the context of a Portuguese training organization. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Semi-structured interviews (30) are undertaken, including 24 training directors and six participants from 30 different organizations. A grounded theory approach as used in data analysis is employed. Findings –

Raquel Reis; Caroline Oates; Martina McGuinness; Dominic Elliott

2009-01-01

268

The Stock Market Valuation of Research and Development Expenditures  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine whether stock prices fully value firms' intangible assets, specifically research and development (R&D). Under current U.S. accounting standards, financial statements do not report intangible assets and R&D spending is expensed. Nonetheless, the average historical stock returns of firms doing R&D matches the returns of firms without R&D. However, the market is apparently too pessimistic about beaten-down R&D-intensive technology

Louis K. C. Chan; Josef Lakonishok; Theodore Sougiannis

2001-01-01

269

An analysis of the adventure travel market: From conceptual development to market segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the growing importance of adventure travel as a viable market segment in the international travel and tourism industry, not much systematic investigation has been attempted in this area. In an effort to propose a comprehensive market analysis, this study approaches the adventure travel marketing system from the conceptual dimension of adventure tourism linking to various marketing environmental factors for

Hyesook Heidi Sung

2000-01-01

270

Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Inspector General, Semiannual Report to the Congress as of March 31, 2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Inspector General's mission is independent and objective reporting to the Secretary and the Congress for the purpose of bringing about positive changes in the integrity, efficiency, and effectiveness of Housing and Urban Development operatio...

2002-01-01

271

78 FR 61667 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...income and rent differences of more than 5 percent. Comment: Homelessness will increase in areas where the FY 2014 FMRs decreased...units that meet housing quality standards and will increase homelessness, as fewer units are available at the lower FMR. HUD...

2013-10-03

272

Outsourcing Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes discussion at a recent program of the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) regarding the trend toward privatized student housing; discussion highlighted market conditions, financing, and operations. (EV)

Cirino, Anna Marie

2003-01-01

273

Rehabilitation of Housing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Rehabilitation of housing offers an alternative to deterioration of existing residential structures; in effect, it creates sound units where otherwise units would be withdrawn from the market. However, as with new construction, high costs may, and often d...

1973-01-01

274

Improving Engineering - Marketing Collaboration for High Tech Product Development and Launch  

Microsoft Academic Search

In high technology companies, product development and launch is often hampered by Engineering - Marketing interface issues. In some cases, these issues cause teams of outstanding engineers and marketers to become dysfunctional. This is mainly because of profound basic differences between the two disciplines of Marketing and Engineering. The training and job functions cause engineers and marketers to think very

Carmo A. D'Cruz; Dennis J. Kulonda

275

Market development directory for solar industrial process heat systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this directory is to provide a basis for market development activities through a location listing of key trade associations, trade periodicals, and key firms for three target groups. Potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers were identified as the prime targets for market development activities. The bulk of the directory is a listing of these two groups. The third group, solar IPH equipment manufacturers, was included to provide an information source for potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers. Trade associates and their publications are listed for selected four-digit Standard Industrial Code (SIC) industries. Since industries requiring relatively lower temperature process heat probably will comprise most of the near-term market for solar IPH systems, the 80 SIC's included in this chapter have process temperature requirements less than 350/sup 0/F. Some key statistics and a location list of the largest plants (according to number of employees) in each state are included for 15 of the 80 SIC's. Architectural/engineering and consulting firms are listed which are known to have solar experience. Professional associated and periodicals to which information on solar IPH sytstems may be directed also are included. Solar equipment manufacturers and their associations are listed. The listing is based on the SERI Solar Energy Information Data Base (SEIDB).

None

1980-02-01

276

Housing Lessons from Mobile Homes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the market significance of the 'mobile home'—which is in fact a factory-made dwelling that can be transported as a complete unit for permanent location on a site — the technology involved has attracted little interest from the orthodox building industry. A research and development project in America, 'Project Manufactured Housing Industry' (PMHI), suggests that such disinterest is misplaced.We invited

Arthur D. Bernhardt

1983-01-01

277

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...IN A DESIGNATED AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Research and Market Development § 925.45...

2011-01-01

278

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...IN A DESIGNATED AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Research and Market Development § 925.45...

2014-01-01

279

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...IN A DESIGNATED AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Research and Market Development § 925.45...

2013-01-01

280

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...IN A DESIGNATED AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Research and Market Development § 925.45...

2012-01-01

281

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and development. The...

2009-01-01

282

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and development. The...

2010-01-01

283

Development and marketing of a prosthetic urinary control valve system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An implantable prosthetic for the control of urinary incontinence was developed and marketed. Three phases are presented: bench development studies, animal trials, and human clinical trials. This work was performed under the direction of a Research Team at Rochester General Hospital (RGH). Bench trials were completed on prototype hardware and provided early verification of the device's ability to withstand repeated cyclic testing. Configurational variants were evaluated and a preferred design concept was established. Silicone rubber (medical grade) was selected as the preferred material for the prosthesis.

Tenney, J. B., Jr.; Rabinowitz, R.; Rogers, D. W.; Harrison, H. N.

1983-01-01

284

Effect of housing system, slaughter weight and slaughter strategy on carcass and meat quality, sex organ development and androstenone and skatole levels in Duroc finished entire male pigs.  

PubMed

This study aimed at evaluating the effect of housing system (HS), slaughter weight (SW) and strategy (SS) on carcass a nd meat quality, sexual organ development and boar taint in entire males. Twelve pens of 10 pigs were used (two trials). Half of male pens were allowed visual contact with females (MF) and half with males (MM). Half MM or MF were slaughtered at 105 or 130 kg in trial 1, or penwise or by split marketing in trial 2 at 120 kg. Housing system showed no significant effect on carcass or meat quality. MF presented significantly longer testicles and heavier bulbourethral glands compared to MM. The distribution of androstenone and skatole levels was affected by SW but not by HS or SS, samples with androstenone >1 ?g/g of the different groups falling within the range of 16 to 22%. All correlations between androstenone and sex organs were significant. Housing system and slaughter strategy did not reduce the risk of boar tainted carcasses. PMID:21641121

Fàbrega, E; Gispert, M; Tibau, J; Hortós, M; Oliver, M A; Furnols, M Font I

2011-12-01

285

Marketing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet suggests ways in which institutions--Catholic schools in particular--can move beyond public relations and advertising to engage in the broader arena of marketing with its focus on consumer satisfaction. The first of the book's three chapters reviews the concept of marketing, providing definitions of key terms, clarification of…

Appel, David L.

286

Agonistic onset during development differentiates wild house mouse males (Mus domesticus)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wild house mouse populations have been suggested to locally adapt to varying dispersal regimes by expressing divergent aggressivity phenotypes. This conjecture implies, first, genetic polymorphism for dispersive strategies which is supported by the finding of heritable variation for male dispersal tendency in feral house mice. Secondly, aggressivity is assumed to translate into dispersal rates. This speculation is reinforced by experimental evidence showing that non-agonistic males display lower dispersal propensity than same-aged males that have established agonistic dominance. However, the actual ontogenetic behavioural pattern and its variability among populations remain unknown. Hence, in this study the timing of agonistic onset is quantified within laboratory-reared fraternal pairs, and compared between descendants from two different feral populations. Males from the two populations (G and Z) differed strongly in agonistic development, as Z fraternal pairs had a 50% risk of agonistic onset before 23.5±2.7 days of age, while this took 57.3±5.4 days in males from population G. This difference coincided with significant genetic differentiation between the males of the two populations as determined by 11 polymorphic microsatellite markers. Furthermore, in population G, males from agonistic and amicable fraternal pairs exhibited significant genetic differentiation. These results corroborate the supposition of genetic variability for dispersive strategies in house mice, and identify the ontogenetic timing of agonistic phenotype development as the potential basis for genetic differentiation. This opens a unique opportunity to study the genetic determination of a complex mammalian behavioural syndrome in a life history context, using a simple laboratory paradigm.

Krackow, Sven

2005-02-01

287

Developments in Marketing Spreads for Agricultural Products in 1975.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Marketing spreads accounted for three-fourths of last year's increase of 7 percent in the retail cost of a market basket of farm foods. Marketing spreads averaged 9 percent above 1974, chiefly due to higher marketing charges for crop products. Although la...

1976-01-01

288

Housing of the Rural Elderly. Rural Development Research Report Number 42.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the 1979 Annual Housing Survey, the elderly--especially the rural elderly--are more likely than other groups to live in inadequate housing. Housing was defined as inadequate if it had one or more of the following flaws: incomplete plumbing facilities, incomplete kitchen facilities, leaking roof, holes in walls or ceilings, and exposed…

Arnold, Gail D.

289

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss.  

PubMed

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

Syphard, Alexandra D; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E

2013-01-01

290

Neighbourhood effects and housing demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we estimate a model of housing demand with neighbourhood effects. We exploit special features of the national sample of the American Housing Survey and properties of housing markets that allow us to create 'natural' instruments and therefore identify the impact of social interactions. We find evidence of both endogenous and contextual neighbourhood effects. We report two alternative

Yannis M. Ioannides; Jeffrey E. Zabel

2003-01-01

291

Housing sales in urban Beijing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the housing market, new properties sometimes experience delays before they are sold. Such delays reflect the preferences of buyers in respect of the homes’ characteristics. Therefore, it is important for managerial purposes to identify the causes of housing sales delays. After analysing the delays in sales of housing in Beijing City, China, the principal finding of this study is

Carlos Pestana Barros; Zhongfei Chen; Luis A. Gil-Alana

2012-01-01

292

Housing sales in urban Beijing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the housing market, new properties sometimes experience delays before they are sold. Such delays reflect the preferences of buyers in respect of the homes’ characteristics. Therefore, it is important for managerial purposes to identify the causes of housing sales delays. After analysing the delays in sales of housing in Beijing City, China, the principal finding of this study is

Carlos Pestana Barros; Zhongfei Chen; Luis A. Gil-Alana

2011-01-01

293

Socioeconomic development and land-use change: Analysis of rural housing land transition in the Transect of the Yangtse River, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural housing land accounted for 67.3% of China's total construction land in 2000. While there are numerous studies analyzing the loss of arable land due to urban sprawl, less attention has been paid to the study of rural housing land in China. This paper develops a theoretical framework for rural housing land transition in China. It introduces a research method,

Hualou Long; Gerhard K. Heilig; Xiubin Li; Ming Zhang

2007-01-01

294

It Is Time to Reexamine the Role of Stock Markets in Developing Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the many perceived benefits of a stock market may have led to their rapid formation and development aspirations across economies, emerging findings that stock markets may not be as useful as previously thought, even a detraction in the case of some developing economies, raises the question of how practical stock markets may be in different situations. In light of

Parmendra Sharma; Eduardo Roca

2012-01-01

295

Analysis on the development of China's financial derivative market under the background of financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current financial crisis causes many disputes on whether and how to develop China's financial derivative market. Financial derivatives are only links in the complex chain of transmission. They should not assume main responsibilities although some researchers described the financial crisis as “derivatives flooding”. By comparative analysis on development stages, market-driven mechanism, product range and market scale and economic base

SU Leil; Yu-kun Cao; Rui Chen

2011-01-01

296

Development of a Compact Maglev Centrifugal Blood Pump Enclosed in a Titanium Housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A compact centrifugal blood pump consisting of a controlled two-degrees-of-freedom radial magnetic bearing and a brushless DC motor enclosed in a titanium housing has been developed for use as an implantable ventricular assist device. The magnetic bearing also supports axial and angular motions of the impeller via a magnetic coupling. The top housing is made of pure titanium, while the impeller and the stator are coated with pure titanium and Ti-6Al-7Nb, respectively, to improve the biocompatibility of the pump. The combination of pure titanium and titanium alloy was chosen because of the sensitivity of eddy current type displacement sensors through the intervening conducting wall. The dimensions of the pump are 69.0 mm in diameter and 28.5 mm in height. During a pump performance test, axial shifting of the impeller due to hydraulic forces led to variations in the rotational positioning signal, causing loss of control of the rotational speed. This problem was solved by conditioning the rotational positioning signal. With a flow rate of 5 l/min against a head pressure of 100 mmHg, the power consumption and efficiency of the pump were 5.5 W and 20%, respectively. Furthermore, the hemolysis of the blood pump was 43.6% lower when compared to that of a commercially available pump.

Pai, Chi Nan; Shinshi, Tadahiko; Asama, Junichi; Takatani, Setsuo; Shimokohbe, Akira

297

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market...

2011-01-01

298

Developing an inventor support service which performs early stage market and manufacturing evaluations. Final report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

American businesses are learning the difficult high cost lesson of ignoring production and market factors (producibility, unit product cost (UPC), marketability, etc) during the engineering design phase of product development. Studies have shown that the ...

1991-01-01

299

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market...

2014-01-01

300

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market...

2012-01-01

301

Improving Internal Marketing Systems as Part of National Development Programs. (380.141-R573).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The information base and the views expressed in this paper have been derived from a marketing research and development project (LAMP - Latin American Marketing Planning Center) through which a Michigan State University group has carried out studies in Pue...

H. M. Riley

1972-01-01

302

How to Develop a Marketing Strategy for Your Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses basic principles of marketing (referred to as the six p's: product, pricing, point of sale, people, promotion, and positioning) and shows how they can be applied to the marketing of day care centers. (SKC)

Thorne, George F.

1988-01-01

303

Built by Design: Developing a Customized Marketing Department.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses steps for building a customized, adequately staffed union and student activities marketing department so that union marketing activities and expenses fit into a well-considered structure and can be evaluated for their contribution to meeting organizational goals. (EV)

Hoffman, Jeffrey

2003-01-01

304

Development and initial testing of a new socioeconomic status measure based on housing data.  

PubMed

Socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with many health outcomes. Commonly used datasets such as medical records often lack data on SES but do include address information. The authors sought to determine whether an SES measure derived from housing characteristics is associated with other SES measures and outcomes known to be associated with SES. The data come from a telephone survey of parents/guardians of children aged 1-17 years who resided in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and Jackson County, Missouri. Seven variables related to housing and six neighborhood characteristics obtained from local government assessor's offices in Olmsted County, Minnesota, were appended to survey responses. An SES index derived from housing characteristics (hereafter, HOUSES) was constructed using principal components factor analysis. For criterion validity, we assessed Pearson's correlation coefficients between HOUSES and other SES measures, including self-reported parents' educational levels, income, Hollingshead Index, and Nakao-Treas Index. For construct validity, we determined the association between HOUSES and outcomes, risks of low birth weight, overweight, and smoking exposure at home. We applied HOUSES to subjects in another community by formulating HOUSES from housing data of subjects in Jackson County, Missouri, using the same statistical algorithm as HOUSES for subjects in Olmsted County, Minnesota. We found that HOUSES had modest to good correlation with other SES measures. Overall, as hypothesized, HOUSES was inversely associated with outcome measures assessed among subjects from both counties. HOUSES may be a useful surrogate measure of individual SES in epidemiologic research, especially when SES measures for individuals are not available. PMID:21499815

Juhn, Young J; Beebe, Timothy J; Finnie, Dawn M; Sloan, Jeff; Wheeler, Philip H; Yawn, Barbara; Williams, Arthur R

2011-10-01

305

The Development and Emergence of the Internal Marketing Concept  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this paper is to review and analyse the past, present and future of the internal marketing concept by applying the traditional 4Ps marketing mix. The paper links this to today's knowledge era where the concept of knowledge management, in order to enhance customer service quality in the service encounter, has found its place in internal marketing

Jen-Te YANG

306

A development and integration analysis of commercial and in-house control subsystems  

SciTech Connect

The acquisition and integration of commercial automation and control subsystems in physics research is becoming more common. It is presumed these systems present lower risk and less cost. This paper studies four subsystems used in the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) resonance-control cooling subsystem (RCCS), the high-power RF subsystem and the RFQ vacuum subsystem were outsourced; the low-level RF (LLRF) subsystem was developed in-house. Based on the authors experience a careful evaluation of the costs and risks in acquisition, implementation, integration, and maintenance associated with these approaches is given.

Moore, D.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Dalesio, L.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-12-31

307

Bringing Researchers and Community Developers Together to Revitalize a Public Housing Project and Improve Health  

PubMed Central

Billions of dollars are invested annually to improve low-income neighborhoods, the health impacts of which are rarely studied prospectively. University of California researchers and Mercy Housing/The Related Companies formed a “Learning Community” with the dual goals of examining the health impacts of a large-scale San Francisco redevelopment project and informing the development team of best public health practices. Early experiences highlight challenges and opportunities, including differences in stakeholders, incentives, and funding, the strengths of local partnerships, and fresh insights from new analytic tools and perspectives. Research suggests interventions that ameliorate upstream causes of poor health would save health care dollars, but policy makers must incentivize collaboration in order to spread a Learning Community model.

LeWinn, Kaja Z.; Hutson, Malo A.; Dare, Ramie; Falk, Janet

2014-01-01

308

Marketing's Influence Tactics in New Product Development: A Study of High Technology Firms in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been widely recognized that marketing's interaction with other functional departments (e.g., R&D) has significant impact on new product success. How- ever, little research addresses how marketing actually behaves in the process of new product development (NPD). Drawing upon marketing, product innovation, and organizational buying literatures, this study contributes to the literature by delineating the types of influence tactics

Kwaku Atuahene-Gima; Haiyang Li

2000-01-01

309

Sod Production and Marketing. Instructional Materials Developed for Iowa Vocational Agriculture Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for use by vocational agriculture teachers in Iowa, this instructional unit provides information about the growing and marketing of sod for lawns. This document is one of three manuals making up a single package. (The other two are Christmas Tree Production and Marketing and Sod Production and Marketing). The manual includes an…

Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

310

Incremental Water Market Development: The California Water Sector 1985-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper surveys the incremental development of water markets in California over the past two decades. California water markets differ from others in the western United States in that they facilitate the transfer of large amounts of annual water, but very few permanent water rights. In addition, marketable water is subject to several restrictions to minimize environmental and third party

Richard Howitt; Ellen Hanak

2005-01-01

311

Over-the-Counter Derivatives Markets and the Commodity Exchange Act: Report of the President's Working Group on Financial Markets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Last year, Congress indicated that the Presidents Working Group on Financial Markets (the Working Group) Should work to develop policy with respect to over-the-counter (OTC) derivative instruments, and the Chairmen of the Senate and House Agriculture Comm...

1999-01-01

312

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3 -- Design Development and Prototyping  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective alternative envelope designs. In the near term, these technologies will play a central role in meeting stringent energy code requirements. For manufactured homes, the thermal requirements, last updated by statute in 1994, will move up to the more rigorous IECC 2012 levels in 2013, the requirements of which are consistent with site built and modular housing. This places added urgency on identifying envelope technologies that the industry can implement in the short timeframe. The primary goal of this research is to develop wall designs that meet the thermal requirements based on 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing the new envelope technologies. This work is part of a four-phase, multi-year effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three selected methods for building high performance wall systems. Phase 2 focused on the development of viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped critique and select the most viable solution to move further in the research -- stud walls with continuous exterior insulation. Phase 3, the subject of the current report, focused on the design development of the selected wall concept and explored variations on the use of exterior foam insulation. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing.

Levy, E.; Kessler, B.; Mullens, M.; Rath, P.

2014-01-01

313

Current Status Of The ASTRO-H SXT Development -- New Housing Design And EM Reflectors --  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ASTRO-H is an X-ray astronomical observatory slated to be launched from Japan in 2014. Its objectives range from high resolution imaging and spectroscopy below 20 keV to studying the hard X-ray sky out to 80 keV, along with a gamma-ray spectrometer up to 500 keV, which covers an unprecedentedly wide energy range with great sensitivity on the single X-ray astronomy satellite ever. To accomplish these goals, it will carry, among other instruments, four grazing incidence imaging telescopes, two covering the soft X-ray band and the remaining the higher energies. All the imaging telescopes are of the Wolter I variety, implemented in an approximate scheme with nested conical reflectors, constructed of thin aluminum substrate (150-300 µm), with an epoxy replicated buffer layer, supporting the reflecting surface. Soft X-ray Telescope (SXT) employs gold mono layer coatings to make use of the total external reflection. The diameter and the focal length are 45 cm and 5.6 m, respectively. Expected performance is an effective area of about 400 cm^2 @ 6keV, and an angular resolution of 1.3 arcmin (HPD). By the HEAD meeting in early March, 2010, we will have a preriminaly mirror housing design. Most of forming mandrels will be fabricated and more than half of the reflector production for an engineering model (EM) will be done. In this paper, we report the current status of the SXT development and discuss the new housing design, quality of the reflectors, and expected performance based on the EM reflectors.

Okajima, Takashi; Serlemitsos, P. J.; Soong, Y.; Maeda, Y.; Ishida, M.; Mori, H.; Tawara, Y.; Awaki, H.; Iizuka, R.; Kunieda, H.

2010-02-01

314

The sale of council housing in the inter?war period  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the sale of council housing between the wars and discusses the implications which findings on early council house sales have for an understanding of the owner occupied market at a critical period of its development. The paper first looks at the sales policy in England and Scotland and then focuses on Edinburgh, where, because of the political

Annette OCarroll

1996-01-01

315

Students in My Backyard: Housing at the Campus Edge and Other Emerging Trends in Residential Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When it comes to building student housing, the stakes for universities and colleges have never been higher. From competing for prospective students and environmental bragging rights to contesting for space on the typical campus, institutions face a fundamentally different landscape than they did when housing previous generations of students. A…

Martin, John; Allen, Mark

2009-01-01

316

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

317

Prototype Solar House. Study of the Scientific Evaluation and Feasibility of a Research and Development Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A preliminary study was undertaken before a large scale project for construction and survey of about a hundred solar houses was launched. The notion of solar house was defined and the use of solar energy (hot water preparation, heating of rooms, heating o...

V. Bundschuh J. W. Grueter M. Kleemann M. Melis H. J. Stein

1982-01-01

318

The Strategic Exercise of Options: Development Cascades and Overbuilding in Real Estate Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops an equilibrium framework for strategic option exercise games. The author focuses on a particular example: the timing of real estate development. An analysis of the equilibrium exercise policies of developers provides insights into the forces that shape market behavior. The model isolates the factors that make some markets prone to bursts of concentrated development. The model also

Steven R Grenadier

1996-01-01

319

Development of a Market Optimized Condensing Gas Water Heater  

SciTech Connect

This program covered the development of a market optimized condensing gas water heater for residential applications. The intent of the program was to develop a condensing design that minimized the large initial cost premium associated with traditional condensing water heater designs. Equally important was that the considered approach utilizes design and construction methods that deliver the desired efficiency without compromising product reliability. Standard condensing water heater approaches in the marketplace utilize high cost materials such as stainless steel tanks and heat exchangers as well as expensive burner systems to achieve the higher efficiencies. The key in this program was to develop a water heater design that uses low-cost, available components and technologies to achieve higher efficiency at a modest cost premium. By doing this, the design can reduce the payback to a more reasonable length, increasing the appeal of the product to the marketplace. Condensing water heaters have been in existence for years, but have not been able to significantly penetrate the market. The issue has typically been cost. The high purchase price associated with existing condensing water heaters, sometimes as much as $2000, has been a very difficult hurdle to overcome in the marketplace. The design developed under this program has the potential to reduce the purchase price of this condensing design by as much as $1000 as compared to traditional condensing units. The condensing water heater design developed over the course of this program led to an approach that delivered the following performance attributes: 90%+ thermal efficiency; 76,000 Btu/hr input rate in a 50 gallon tank; First hour rating greater than 180 gph; Rapid recovery time; and Overall operating condition well matched to combination heat and hot water applications. Over the final three years of the program, TIAX worked very closely with A.O. Smith Water Products Company as our commercial partner to optimize the design for manufacturing. This work included the initiation of a large field testing program (over 125 units) and an in-depth reliability program intended to minimize the risks associated with a new product introduction. At the time of this report, A.O. Smith plans to introduce this product to the marketplace in the early 2006 time period.

Peter Pescatore

2006-01-11

320

Equal Opportunity in Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of developments in housing opportunities for minorities and women includes an historical review of housing discrimination, its nature, and its effects. Federal legislation and Federal actions which were taken to assure equal housing opportunities for women and minorities are described. Other topic areas addressed include minority…

Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

321

Hood River Passive House.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design a...

D. Hales

2013-01-01

322

Marketing in the new millennium: Developing an effective plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Audiology is a business as well as a healthcare profession. Changes in healthcare and business practice, such as merg- ers and acquisitions and the globalization of industry, impact the way hearing healthcare practices function today. To maintain autonomy, audiologists and dispensers must take control of the destiny of their profession. One step in achieving this objective is effective marketing. Marketing

Lori A. Pakulski; Joyce Johnson

2000-01-01

323

Risk, Financial Markets, and Human Capital in a Developing Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the link between financial market incompleteness and human capital accumulation. The authors examine how child school attendance responds to seasonal fluctuations in the income of agrarian households using panel data from rural India. To pinpoint market imperfections, they study responses to aggregate and idiosyncratic, as well as to anticipated and unanticipated, income shocks. The authors' main finding

Hanan G Jacoby; Emmanuel Skoufias

1997-01-01

324

Developing Graduate Marketing Programs for Economies in Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes some of the authors' experiences in introducing marketing concepts to students involved in the transition from planned to market economies. It addresses critical issues involved in the translation of these concepts within languages that often have no words that are synonymous with these terms. The authors discuss methods…

Chadraba, Petr G.; O'Keefe, Robert D.

2007-01-01

325

Development of an In-House Grating Spectrometer System for Validating Acousto-Optic Tunable Filter Spectrometer Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We describe the design of a grating spectrometer system. We obtained emission spectroscopy results of a lamp source from a visible to near infrared (vis-NIR) acousto-optic tunable filter (AOTF) spectrometer and from an IN-house developed Grating (ING) spe...

K. W. Bennett, N. Gupta, R. Dahmani

2001-01-01

326

Development and field verification of a model of excess infiltration and house air infiltration for single-family residences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive series of studies was conducted to quantify the factors affecting seasonal efficiency of space heating furnaces. Initial data were developed (in a laboratory model of a house) on how furnace cycling, wind speed, and structure looseness (or air charge rate) affect chimney flow by simulating a specific installation. A field study was also conducted in 20 test homes

J. T. Cole; J. W. Zimmer; T. S. Zawacki; J. A. Kinast; R. H. Elkins

1980-01-01

327

76 FR 73988 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...toll-free number.) Hearing- and speech- impaired individuals...Program contained in the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987, 42 U.S.C...to provide funding to state and local governments or their...the recipients to carry out education and outreach activities...

2011-11-29

328

Homelessness as one component of housing instability and its impact on the development of children in poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of families with children living in poverty and experiencing housing instability and homelessness has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Current public policy decisions will lead to further increases. Understanding the impact of this instability on the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive development of children is imperative. Few studies critically examine the effects of instability on both domiciled

Cathryne L. Schmitz; Janet D. Wagner; Edna M. Menke

1995-01-01

329

The nature, development and contribution of social marketing to public health practice since 2004 in England.  

PubMed

Social marketing is a highly systematic approach to health improvement that sets out unambiguous success criteria focused on behaviour change. This paper reviews the key concepts and principles of social marketing and its recent rapid development across government in England in the public health field. This paper outlines the role of the National Social Marketing Centre and concludes with a discussion of the probable future impact of social marketing on public health practice. The paper argues that there is a close ideological match between social marketing and liberal democratic imperatives. Social marketing's focus on outcome, return on investment and its emphasis on developing interventions that can respond to diverse needs, means it is probable that social marketing will increasingly be required by governments as a standard part of public health programmes. PMID:19994642

French, Jeff

2009-11-01

330

Housing Policy Alternatives, Volume II, City of Binghamton.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication examines housing policy alternatives for Binghamton's rental market. It is asserted that a series of tax incentive programs would encourage the flow of private capital into Binghampton's housing market and that with proper guidance these a...

1973-01-01

331

77 FR 22599 - Department of Housing and Urban Development Summary of Public Comments, Response to Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...minority and low-income populations, as well as creating geographies of opportunity. The final strategy is posted at http...lack of decent, safe and sanitary housing.'' Because the geography of the colonia is defined in statute, expanding the...

2012-04-16

332

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Protoyping and Construction Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collab...

B. Peeks S. Rothgeb T. Hewes

2013-01-01

333

Developer Supply, Investor Demand, and Multifamily Housing Production: A Pilot Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the implementation of a model that simulates the effects of the Federal income tax on the production of subsidized multifamily housing. The project consisted of data collection, computer programming, sensitivity analysis, and tax pol...

C. D. MacRae M. A. Turner G. Anderson

1981-01-01

334

Develop security architecture for both in-house healthcare information systems and electronic patient record  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we presented a new security approach to provide security measures and features in both healthcare information systems (PACS, RIS/HIS), and electronic patient record (EPR). We introduced two security components, certificate authoring (CA) system and patient record digital signature management (DSPR) system, as well as electronic envelope technology, into the current hospital healthcare information infrastructure to provide security measures and functions such as confidential or privacy, authenticity, integrity, reliability, non-repudiation, and authentication for in-house healthcare information systems daily operating, and EPR exchanging among the hospitals or healthcare administration levels, and the DSPR component manages the all the digital signatures of patient medical records signed through using an-symmetry key encryption technologies. The electronic envelopes used for EPR exchanging are created based on the information of signers, digital signatures, and identifications of patient records stored in CAS and DSMS, as well as the destinations and the remote users. The CAS and DSMS were developed and integrated into a RIS-integrated PACS, and the integration of these new security components is seamless and painless. The electronic envelopes designed for EPR were used successfully in multimedia data transmission.

Zhang, Jianguo; Chen, Xiaomeng; Zhuang, Jun; Jiang, Jianrong; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Wu, Dongqing; Huang, H. K.

2003-05-01

335

Silver dollars: the development of the US elderly market segment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to periodize the history of the US senior market segment, a large, lucrative target market. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper uses a four-step adaptation of an existing framework, periodizing the segment's history into three phases: independence phase, mid-nineteenth century-1935; growing affluence phase, 1935-1965; and maturity phase, 1965 to present. Findings – The senior

Blaine J. Branchik

2010-01-01

336

Developing a Market‐Oriented Learning Organisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study integrates the constructs of organisational change strategies, market orientation, top management behaviour, leadership style, learning orientation and business perfor Mance. A survey was sent to the top 2,000 organisations within Australia, as defined by annual revenue. Data was analysed using two‐stage least squares regression (2SLS). Findings indicate that both planned and emergent change strategies significantly influence market orientation.

Mark A. Farrell

2000-01-01

337

7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart B of... - Grant Agreement (Public Bodies) for Site Development and/or Site Acquisition for Housing and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Grant Agreement (Public Bodies) for Site Development and/or Site Acquisition for Housing...PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RURAL DEVELOPMENT Section 601 Energy Impacted Area Development Assistance Program Pt. 1948,...

2014-01-01

338

Development of an Updated Strategic Marketing Plan for Fox Valley Technical College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was conducted to develop a comprehensive strategic marketing plan for Fox Valley Technical College (FVTC). Components included a review of the literature, establishing criteria for the plan, validation of the criteria, the actual development of the plan involving a formative committee, and the review of institutional marketing plans…

May, Susan A.

339

Developments in the market for lead/acid batteries in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a review of developments in the market for lead/acid batteries in China. The main emphasis is an operation within the industry, i.e., battery production, market development, product design and technology. Discussion is also given on the background and future prospects of trade in the battery industry.

Wang, Zeli

340

Program and Curriculum Development in International Marketing in an Emerging Economy: Issues and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers ways in which business schools in developing countries can develop need-oriented business programs and how a functional area course, international marketing, can be internationalized in both content and structure. Reports a study of marketing curriculum change and student (n=208) response in Turkey. (MSE)

Kaynak, Erdener; Kucukemiroglu, Orsay

1997-01-01

341

Stock Market Development and Financing Choices Of firms: Case Study of A SIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to empirically investigate the link between stock market development and firms' capital structure, an often overlooked relationship in finance theory, for the case of 38 firms listed on the stock exchange of Mauritius (SEM) for the period 1994-2005. Results from the panel estimates suggest that further development of the market has been associated with debt financing for

Kesseven Padachi; Boopen Seetanah

2007-01-01

342

Thermo-structural development of the ITER ICRF strap housing module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since March 2010 the preliminary design of the ITER ICRF Antennas have been developed by CYCLE, a consortium consisting of IPP (Garching), CCFE (Culham), CEA (Cadarache), Politecnico di Torino (Torino) and LPPERM/KMS (Brussels). This paper describes the steps taken to develop the present geometry of the triplet pair Strap Housing Module from a thermal and structural perspective, and shows the critical areas of the structure. Key issues are the manufacturability, (achieved by HIPing - Hot Isostatic Pressing), the ability to handle the radiating plasma thermal flux of 0.35 MW/m2, the RF losses and the neutronic radiation. HIPing is necessary to achieve the complicated system of cooling channels inside the structure, which divides the coolant equally in order to supply each strap in the triplet with 1 l/s of water. The components have also to withstand the strong mechanical forces generated by plasma disruptions affecting all internal structures and the elevated design cooling water pressure of 5MPa. In order to maximise reliability, joints between different materials in the cooling water system have been kept to a minimum. Therefore, in the interests of fabricability and availability, the whole structure is manufactured out of stainless steel (316L(N)IG). The low conductivity of 316L(N)IG demands small wall thicknesses to avoid hot spots; however this reduces the mechanical strength. Consequently an in depth FEM analysis is presented, which was used to find and to improve the critical aspects of this important component and was the best means of finding the optimum between thermal and mechanical performance.

Winkler, K.; Shannon, M.; Lockley, D.

2014-02-01

343

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45 Section...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research and Development § 932.45 Production...

2011-01-01

344

Summary Report on International Solar Commercialization/International Market Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development program on the international solar commercialization/international market is summarized. The key aspects of the US international solar and renewable energy sales include commercialization, technical cooperation, and development assistance....

1981-01-01

345

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Production research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45 Section...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research and Development § 932.45 Production...

2012-01-01

346

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section 915.45...IN SOUTH FLORIDA Order Regulating Handling Research and Development § 915.45 Production...

2012-01-01

347

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section 915.45...IN SOUTH FLORIDA Order Regulating Handling Research and Development § 915.45 Production...

2014-01-01

348

The Impact of Foreclosures on Neighboring Housing Sales  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing foreclosures likely have little neighborhood impacts if there are few foreclosures in a neighborhood and the foreclosed housing can resell quickly. However, when there are both many foreclosures and a sluggish housing market, foreclosures can lead to neighborhood destabilization, which should cause house prices to further fall. This paper measures the impact of foreclosures on housing sales using a

William H. Rogers; William Winter

2009-01-01

349

In-house-validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for survey of acrylamide in various processed foods from Korean market  

PubMed Central

Acrylamide (AA) is a chemical found in starchy foods that have been cooked at high temperatures. The objective of this study is to monitor the levels of AA in a total of 274 samples of potato chips, chips (except potato chips), biscuits, French fries, breakfast cereals, chocolate products, tea, seasoned laver, and nut products sampled in Korean market. These processed foods include (1) potato chips, (2) chips (except potato chips), (3) biscuits, (4) French fries, (5) breakfast cereals, (6) chocolate products, (7) tea, (8) seasoned laver, and (9) nut products. Samples used for this study were cleaned up using HLB Oasis polymeric and Accucat mixed-mode anion and cation exchange solid-phase extraction cartridge. Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) was validated in-house as an efficient analytical method for the routine analysis of AA in various food products. AA was detected with a Fortis dC18 (1.7 ?m, 100 mm × 2.1 mm) column using 0.5% methanol/0.1% acetic acid in water as the mobile phase. Good results were obtained with respect to repeatability (RSDs < 5%). The recoveries obtained for a variety of food matrices ranged between 94.5% and 107.6%. Quantification during routine monitoring was sensitive enough to detect AA at a concentration of 10 ?g/kg. A total of 274 food samples were analyzed for AA. The AA levels in the food groups were in the following order: potato chips > French fries > biscuits > tea > chips (except potato chips) > seasoned laver > breakfast cereals > chocolate products > nut products. AA was detected at levels ranging from not detectable to 1435 ?g/kg.

Lee, Sanghee; Yoo, Miyoung; Koo, Minseon; Kim, Hyun Jung; Kim, Meehye; Park, Sung-Kug; Shin, Dongbin

2013-01-01

350

Communications infrastructure and traditional determinants of inward foreign investment : A comparison of developed and emerging markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to examine the effects of communications infrastructure and other traditionally-investigated, market-related factors on net investment inflows into developed versus emerging markets. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Hypotheses are developed and tested empirically using auto-regression analysis. Data are used from 38 countries (19 developing and 19 developed) over a ten-year period (1995-2004). Findings – Findings are consistent with the

Taewon Suh; David J. Boggs

2011-01-01

351

HUD/HHS (Housing and Urban Development/Department of Health and Human Services) Demonstration for Deinstitutionalization of the Chronically Mentally Ill. Report No. 8-Tennessee.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project was a joint effort of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), initiated in 1978 as the 'HUD/HHS Demonstration for Deinstitutionalization, housing, and service needs of the ch...

S. W. Taylor

1986-01-01

352

Outcomes of a randomized, controlled community-level HIV prevention intervention for adolescents in low-income housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: YouthareincreasinglyatriskforcontractingHIVinfection,andcommunity- level interventions are needed to reduce behavioral risk. Design: A randomized, controlled, multi-site community-level intervention trial was undertaken with adolescents living in 15 low-income housing developments in five US cities. Methods: Baseline (n ¼ 1172), short-term follow-up (n ¼ 865), and long-term follow- up (n ¼ 763) risk assessments were conducted among adolescents, ages 12-17, in all 15

Kathleen J. Sikkema; Eileen S. Anderson; Jeffrey A. Kelly; Richard A. Winett; Cheryl Gore-Felton; Roger A. Roffman; Timothy G. Heckman; Kristi Graves; Raymond G. Hoffmann; Michael J. Brondino

2005-01-01

353

Matalaenergiapientalon Oeljylaemmityksen Kehittaeminen (Development of an Oil Fired Heating for a Small Sized Low Energy House).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Conventional oil fired boiler is over-dimensioned when applied to serve the reduced heating needs of small sized low energy house. Solutions based on a low output heat source (LOHS) are needed for this purpose. This is a final report of the project that h...

K. Klobut T. Siltanen K. Vihersalo J. Virkki

1996-01-01

354

Cinematic College: "National Lampoon's Animal House" Teaches Theories of Student Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study is to analyze how potential college-bound and current college students make meaning about the higher education experience from the legendary film that is pivotal in the American college culture, sets the trend for future college-themed films, and is a national phenomenon--"National Lampoon's Animal House"…

Tucciarone, Krista M.

2007-01-01

355

House Fly (Musca domestica L.) (Diptera Muscidae) Development in Different Types of Manure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A B S T R A C T Animal production units with different management systems can be found along the Huasco Valley, Region of Atacama, Chile. These constitute sources of house flies (Musca domestica L.) and other vector fly species that cause damage to animals and nuisance problems in urban areas. In order to asses the importance of fly breeding

2008-01-01

356

Developing Social Marketing Capacity to Address Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Social marketing is increasingly being seen as a potentially effective means of pursuing health education practice generally and within various specific areas such as mental health and wellbeing and more broadly in tackling health inequalities. This paper aims to report and reflect on the authors' experiences of undertaking a health…

Whitelaw, S.; Smart, E.; Kopela, J.; Gibson, T.; King, V.

2011-01-01

357

Strategy development in international markets: a two tier approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to seek answers to the question of the impact of different classes of strategy (generic and international) on firm performance in international markets. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Survey of 213 British SME exporters, using EQS. Findings – The paper concludes that Porter's generic strategies have both a direct and an indirect impact through international

Carl Arthur Solberg; François Durrieu

2008-01-01

358

Toward the development of marketing strategies for food safety attributes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groups of consumers reporting similar food safety concerns and shopping behaviors are identified using cluster analysis. The demographic characteristics of three distinct groups of consumers are described. The results suggest that the potential market for foods emphasizing safety attributes is large. However, significant differences in perceptions and reactions regarding food safety hazards are found. These differences are used to derive

Anya M. McGuirk; Warren P. Preston; Amy McCormick

1990-01-01

359

TOWARD THE DEVELOPMENT OF A TYPOLOGY OF ILLEGAL DRUG MARKETS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnographic research is particularly well suited to investi- gate emergent phenomena and to access and describe populations and social environments which are obscured from normal observation. On- going ethnographic research on Manhattan's Lower East Side com- bines direct observation and qualitative interviews to describe the wide variety of local retail drug markets, the social contexts in which they evolve, and

Ric Curtis; Travis Wendel

360

Developments in Marketing Spreads for Agricultural Products in 1976.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Larger food supplies and an easing of inflationary forces greatly slowed the rise in food prices in 1976. The retail cost of a market basket of farm foods averaged only 1 percent higher than in 1975. All of the increase was accounted for by an increase of...

D. Dunham

1977-01-01

361

Using open source data in developing competitive and marketing intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper seeks to show how the increasingly popular use of data and information acquired from open sources (OS) impacts competitive and marketing intelligence (C\\/MI). It describes the current state of the art in analysis efforts of open source intelligence (OSINT) in business\\/commercial enterprises, examines the planning and execution challenges organizations are experiencing associated with effectively using and

Craig S. Fleisher

2008-01-01

362

Improving energy efficiency: Strategies for supporting sustained market evolution in developing and transitioning countries  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a framework for considering market-oriented strategies for improving energy efficiency that recognize the conditions of developing and transitioning countries, and the need to strengthen the effectiveness of market forces in delivering greater energy efficiency. It discusses policies that build markets in general, such as economic and energy pricing reforms that encourage competition and increase incentives for market actors to improve the efficiency of their energy use, and measures that reduce the barriers to energy efficiency in specific markets such that improvement evolves in a dynamic, lasting manner. The report emphasizes how different policies and measures support one another and can create a synergy in which the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. In addressing this topic, it draws on the experience with market transformation energy efficiency programs in the US and other industrialized countries.

Meyers, S.

1998-02-01

363

Green energy market development in Germany: effective public policy and emerging customer demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the development of renewable energy in Germany from 1973 to 2003. It investigates the relative importance of energy policy and green power marketing in shaping the renewable energy market. More than a decade of consistent policy support for renewables under the feed-in law (StrEG) and its successor (EEG) has been an important driver for increasing renewable electricity

Rolf Wüstenhagen; Michael Bilharz

2006-01-01

364

An Experiment with Official and Parallel Foreign Exchange Markets in a Developing Country.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a classroom experiment that demonstrates under what conditions the parallel market rate approximates the free-market value of the domestic currency. Students act as foreign exchange traders in a developing country. Provides results of the experiment and discussion questions. (CMK)

Hazlett, Denise; Ganje, Jeela

1999-01-01

365

Market Definition Study of Photovoltaic Power for Remote Villages in Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this market definition study is to assess the market potential for the use of photovoltaic power systems for remote villages in developing countries. The approach used was to conduct an in-depth literature search followed by in-country su...

C. Ragsdale P. Quashie

1980-01-01

366

Commonalities and Differences in Labour Market Developments and Constraints in Different EU Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a detailed overview of the differences across EU member states’ labour markets, through the extensive use of descriptive statistics. The objective is two-fold: firstly, it identifies the commonalities and differences in rural labour markets across EU regions and their developments, with special regard to agriculture, and secondly it emphasises the constraints that may hinder the efficient functioning

Barbara Tocco; Sophia Davidova

367

Developing the Management Competencies for Getting a Competitive Position in the Organic Food Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although almost any conference tackles the issue of organic foods, we consider that this article does not fit into normal patterns of research. Our paper proposes a complex analysis in the field of organic food products. It also highlights the need of developing new competences of managers and marketers in analysing market for getting a competitive position on it. The

Marian NASTASE; Mirela STOIAN; Raluca Andreea ION

2011-01-01

368

Development, Present Status and Some Prospects of the Financial Markets in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the historical background and the present structure of Korea's financial markets to provide the basic understanding of issues facing the Korean financial system. The financial system in Korea has been introduced and developed to serve specific political or economic purposes, putting the financial markets in a tight control of government. As a result of the government-controlled financial

Sang-Koo Nam

1998-01-01

369

Food Marketing and Obesity in Developing Countries: Analysis, Ethics, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obesity and the chronic diseases with which it is associated constitute a serious global health problem that will rapidly worsen given current trends. This article introduces a model of how development processes, biological factors, and food marketing practices are influencing the human energy equation in the less affluent world. The discussion then turns to an ethical analysis of food marketing

Terrence H. Witkowski

2007-01-01

370

Invited Commentary ALCOHOL BRANDS IN YOUNG PEOPLES' EVERYDAY LIVES: NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN MARKETING  

Microsoft Academic Search

New developments in alcohol marketing are likely to be particularly important for younger members of the population both because of their use of new technology and the role brands play in their lives. This paper discusses the response of young people to this marketing, the functions it fulfils for the alcohol industry and the need for new policy responses.

SALLY CASSWELL

371

24 CFR 982.614 - Group home: Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2009-04-01...614 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING...instability, flooding, poor drainage, septic tank...

2009-04-01

372

The Challenge of Assessing Creative Problem Solving in Client-Based Marketing Development Projects: A SOLO Taxonomy Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creativity and marketing imagination are essential core competencies for marketers. Therefore, higher marketing education emphasizes creativity in several ways. However, assessing creativity and creative problem solving is challenging and tools for this purpose have not been developed in the context of marketing education. To address this gap, we…

Jaskari, Minna-Maarit

2013-01-01

373

Energy-efficiency design and inspection guides for affordable housing construction  

SciTech Connect

This paper focuses on the general methods used in guides developed for the energy efficient design and inspection of new and revitalized housing projects for military family housing. The methods and guides can also benefit the wider market of public and other housing. Inspections performed on military and public housing units were used to identify energy deficiencies. The most common problems found were related to disconnected and deteriorated forced air distribution duct work and poor system design resulting in significant air leakage. Design and inspection guides are summarized for new construction and revitalization projects. 7 refs., 7 figs.

Ternes, M.P.; Livengood, S.E.; Wendt, R.L.

1997-12-01

374

Inter-functional Market Orientation Between Marketing Departments and Technical Departments in the Management of the New Product Development Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marketing concept states that firms who first determine and then satisfy customer needs should realize superior performance. Market orientation (MO) operationalizes the marketing concept and is the organization-wide generation of market intelligence, dissemination of the intelligence across departments, and organization-wide responsiveness to it (Kohli and Jaworski, 1990). Market oriented firms should enjoy successful new product programs (Slater and Narver,

George Gresham; John Hafer

375

Reactive power market development considering power system security  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the new open access environment, in pursuit of profit, power producers tend to operate closer to the security boundaries\\u000a and consequently, the voltage instability, which is caused by insufficient reactive power support, threats system security\\u000a and reliability. This paper presents a day-ahead reactive power market based on uniform auction price scheme considering voltage\\u000a security. First, expected payment function (EPF),

Abdorreza Rabiee; Nima Amjady; Heidarali Shayanfar

2010-01-01

376

[Impact of the crisis on the relationship between housing and health. Policies for good practice to reduce inequalities in health related to housing conditions].  

PubMed

Housing conditions can impact on physical and mental health through 4 interrelated dimensions: 1) the home (the emotional housing conditions), 2) the physical housing conditions, and 3) the physical environment, and 4) the social (community) environment of the neighborhood where the house is located. In Spain, the use of the construction market as an engine for economic growth and the promotion of private property as the main type of housing tenure has led to the use of housing as a speculative good instead of its being considered a first-necessity good. While Spain is the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) country with the largest housing stock per inhabitant, this stock is highly underutilized, thus excluding the most deprived sector of the population from access to housing. The impact of the current economic crisis on housing has mainly been due to a reduction in household income, which has increased the number of families or persons struggling to cover their housing costs or being evicted. Evidence indicates that this type of problem has a negative impact on health, especially on mental health, but financial problems also make it difficult to meet other basic needs such as eating. There are several instruments to reduce the impact of the economic crisis, such as debt financing or deed of assignment in payment. In the long-term, the creation of a social housing stock should be promoted, as well as rental assistance mechanisms. PMID:24863993

Novoa, Ana M; Bosch, Jordi; Díaz, Fernando; Malmusi, Davide; Darnell, Mercè; Trilla, Carme

2014-06-01

377

An overview of some of the policy implications of the eco-economic development market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent economic\\/environmental discourse on development issues has led to a new paradigm of development, called here the “eco-economic development model”, but usually known as sustainable development (including both ecological and economic concerns), which has successfully substituted the traditional model of economic development in general acceptance. However, new models usually imply new rules and perhaps a new type of market,

Lucio Munoz

2000-01-01

378

Spatial Dependence and House Price Index Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurate estimation of prevailing metropolitan housing prices is important for both business and research investigations of housing and mortgage markets. This is typically done by constructing quality-adjusted house price indices from hedonic price regressions for given metropolitan areas. A major limitation of currently available indices is their insensitivity to the geographic location of dwellings within the metropolitan area. Indices are

Ay se Can; Isaac Megbolugbe

1997-01-01

379

House Price Efficiency: Expectations, Sales, Symmetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

An efficient housing market is of critical importance for individual welfare and for a well-functioning economy. We test the efficiency of this market by estimating the factors that determine both the long-run and the dynamic paths of regional house prices. Our tests use a new quarterly regional panel data set covering the 14 regions of New Zealand from 1981 to

Arthur Grimes; Andrew Aitken; Suzi Kerr

2004-01-01

380

Developing Markets for New Products and Services through Joint Exporting by Innovative SMEs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication constitutes a collection of papers on the subject of 'Developing markets for new products and services through joint exporting by innovative small businesses' presented and discussed during a seminar held in Luxembourg (6 and 7 March 1985)...

R. Miege T. Jones

1985-01-01

381

DEVELOPMENT, DESIGN AND CONSUMER TESTING OF MARKETABLE RESIDENTIAL LED LIGHT LUMINAIRES  

EPA Science Inventory

Developing marketable LED luminaires poses challenges, even though LEDs are energy-efficient and an ecological alternative to conventionally lighting. Challenges include: perceptions that the color rendition of LEDs is unacceptable to the public; numbers of LEDs must be grou...

382

Market Definition Study of Photovoltaic Power for Remote Villages in Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The potential market of photovoltaic systems in remote village applications in developing countries is assessed. It is indicated that photovoltaic technology is cost-competitive with diesel generators in many remote village applications. The major barrier...

C. Ragsdale P. Quashie

1980-01-01

383

Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some of the efforts of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA) to preserve, conserve, and interpret historic houses to the public. Examines the history and some of the specific preservation problems concerning the Beauport Cottage, the Sayward-Wheeler House, and the Gropius House. (MJP)

Curtis, Nancy

1997-01-01

384

Can the development in competitive patterns within the Danish organic industry be useful in predicting the development in other EU organic markets?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2002 6,5% of all farmland in Denmark was organic, the market share for organic products like milk, egg and oat are well above 20%. The organic market are not a niche market any longer as it where when it started in 1987.The development have followed the typical pattern for diffusion of innovations. By 2002 the market supply seem to

Jens Vestergaard; Mai Linneberg

385

High-speed Rail Development Act of 1994. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session, August 10, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The House report on H. R. 4867, the High-Speed Rail Development Act of 1994, authorizes activities to assist in the implementation of steel-wheel high-speed rail transportation. The Bill authorizes preconstruction activities for corridor planning.

NONE

1994-12-31

386

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 90-376-2106, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Hato Rey, Puerto Rico.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) management and the American Federation of Government Employees, an evaluation was undertaken of possible hazardous working conditions at the HUD Caribbean Area Office in H...

Y. Boudreau T. Seitz

1991-01-01

387

Development of U-Mart System with Plural Brands and Plural Markets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we first discuss the notion that artificial market systems should meet the requirements of fidelity, transparency, reproducibility, and traceability. Next, we introduce history of development of the artificial market system named U-Mart system that meet the requirements well, which have been developed by the U-Mart project. We have already developed the U-Mart system called “U-Mart system version 3.0” to solve problems of old U-Mart systems. In version 3.0 system, trading process is modularized and universal market system can be easily introduced.
However, U-Mart system version 3.0 only simulates the single brand futures market. The simulation of the plural brands and plural markets has been required by lot of users. In this paper, we proposed a novel U-Mart system called “U-Mart system version 4.0” to solve this problem of U-Mart system version 3.0. We improve the server system, machine agents and GUI in order to simulate plural brands and plural markets in U-Mart system version 4.0. The effectiveness of the proposed system is confirmed by statistical analysis of results of spot market simulation with random agents.

Akimoto, Yoshihito; Mori, Naoki; Ono, Isao; Nakajima, Yoshihiro; Kita, Hajime; Matsumoto, Keinosuke

388

DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT OF ADVANCED EMISSION CONTROLS FOR THE RETROFIT MARKET  

SciTech Connect

Bringing a diesel retrofit product to market involves two primary phases: development and deployment. Critical product development steps include technology selection, system integration, laboratory and durability testing, and regulatory agency verification work. This initial product development phase is then followed by a deployment phase, which consists of building and managing the infrastructure for installation, distribution, service, sales and warranty support. Building relationships with regulators and air quality program developers is also a critical aspect of the deployment process. A successful path to market requires close cooperation between developer, distributor, customer and regulator.

Edgar, B; Rumminger, M; Streichsbier, M

2003-08-24

389

Expecting the unexpected: applying the Develop-Distort Dilemma to maximize positive market impacts in health.  

PubMed

Although health interventions start with good intentions to develop services for disadvantaged populations, they often distort the health market, making the delivery or financing of services difficult once the intervention is over: a condition called the 'Develop-Distort Dilemma' (DDD). In this paper, we describe how to examine whether a proposed intervention may develop or distort the health market. Our goal is to produce a tool that facilitates meaningful and systematic dialogue for practitioners and researchers to ensure that well-intentioned health interventions lead to productive health systems while reducing the undesirable distortions of such efforts. We apply the DDD tool to plan for development rather than distortions in health markets, using intervention research being conducted under the Future Health Systems consortium in Bangladesh, China and Uganda. Through a review of research proposals and interviews with principal investigators, we use the DDD tool to systematically understand how a project fits within the broader health market system, and to identify gaps in planning for sustainability. We found that while current stakeholders and funding sources for activities were easily identified, future ones were not. The implication is that the projects could raise community expectations that future services will be available and paid for, despite this actually being uncertain. Each project addressed the 'rules' of the health market system differently. The China research assesses changes in the formal financing rules, whereas Bangladesh and Uganda's projects involve influencing community level providers, where informal rules are more important. In each case, we recognize the importance of building trust between providers, communities and government officials. Each project could both develop and distort local health markets. Anyone intervening in the health market must recognize the main market perturbations, whether positive or negative, and manage them so as to maximize the benefits to the health system and population health. PMID:23014153

Peters, David H; Paina, Ligia; Bennett, Sara

2012-10-01

390

Study on the development of dynamic alliance enterprises' low-carbon economy on market economy condition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the differences and integration development of low carbon economy and industrial economy.? As an example of the method of dynamic alliance enterprises' cooperative competition,? combines the development characteristics and elements of low carbon economy, discusses and analyses the laws and characteristics of the development of low carbon industrial economy under the market economy condition .Besides,? it proposes

Yue Yang; Shu-hui Wen

2011-01-01

391

Rural Labour Market Developments, Agricultural Productivity, and Real Wages in Bangladesh, 1950–2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of recent developments in rural labour markets in Bangladesh and also examines the trends and movements of agricultural productivity and real wages with annual data for the period 1950–2006. The paper links the movements of agricultural real wages to macroeconomic developments in general and agricultural development in particular. As part of empirical investigation, the paper

Akhand Akhtar Hossain

2008-01-01

392

Dangerous freedoms: Exposure to markets and the need for protective institutions in development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Overstated benefits of trade liberalisation have underpinned arguments for liberalisation of trade and entry into the global economy in order to encourage growth - in fact integration is harmful to some developing economies, and has benefits to developed economies in only some periods. Rather the development of internal or regional markets and institutions may prove more significant, as well as

Vincent G. Fitzsimons

2007-01-01

393

Coal-fueled high-speed diesel engine development: Task 2, Market assessment and economic analysis  

SciTech Connect

Based on the preliminary coal engine design developed, this task was conducted to identify the best opportunity(s) to enter the market with the future coal-fueled, high-speed diesel engine. The results of this market and economic feasibility assessment will be used to determine what specific heavy duty engine application(s) are most attractive for coal fuel, and also define basic economic targets for the engine to be competitive.

Not Available

1991-12-01

394

Price Transmission and Volatility Spillovers in Food Markets of Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We use a bivariate Vector Error Correction model to assess the transmission of price signals from selected international food\\u000a markets to developing countries. We introduce a Generalized Conditional Autoregressive Heteroscedasticity (GARCH) effect for\\u000a the model’s innovations in order to assess volatility spillover between the world and domestic food markets of Ethiopia, India\\u000a and Malawi. Our results point out that short-run

George Rapsomanikis; Harriet Mugera

395

Market definition study of photovoltaic power for remote villages in developing countries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential market of photovoltaic systems in remote village applications in developing countries is assessed. It is indicated that photovoltaic technology is cost-competitive with diesel generators in many remote village applications. The major barriers to development of this market are the limited financial resources on the part of developing countries, and lack of awareness of photovoltaics as a viable option in rural electrification. A comprehensive information, education and demonstration program should be established as soon as possible to convince the potential customer countries and the various financial institutions of the viability of photovoltaics as an electricity option for developing countries.

Ragsdale, C.; Quashie, P.

1980-01-01

396

Application of stochastic differential geometry to the term structure of interst rates in developed markets  

SciTech Connect

This paper deals with further developments of the new theory that applies stochastic differential geometry (SDG) to dynamics of interest rates. We examine mathematical constraints on the evolution of interest rate volatilities that arise from stochastic differential calculus under assumptions of an arbitrage free evolution of zero coupon bonds and developed markets (i.e., none of the party/factor can drive the whole market). The resulting new theory incorporates the Heath-Jarrow-Morton (HJM) model of interest rates and provides new equations for volatilities which makes the system of equations for interest rates and volatilities complete and self consistent. It results in much smaller amount of volatility data that should be guessed for the SDG model as compared to the HJM model. Limited analysis of the market volatility data suggests that the assumption of the developed market is violated around maturity of two years. Such maturities where the assumptions of the SDG model are violated are suggested to serve as boundaries at which volatilities should be specified independently from the model. Our numerical example with two boundaries (two years and five years) qualitatively resembles the market behavior. Under some conditions solutions of the SDG model become singular that may indicate market crashes. More detail comparison with the data is needed before the theory can be established or refuted.

Taranenko, Y.; Barnes, C.

1996-12-31

397

The New Financial Development Paradigm and Asian Bond Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the better part of the last century, the debate between ‘liberalisers’ and ‘interventionists’ marked thinking about the relationship between finance and development. It has by now been superseded by the emergence of the discourse of financial system development, which links economic growth to the development of the financial sector. As the risks entailed by wholesale financial reform came to

Lena Rethel

2010-01-01

398

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum Of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

399

Does market exclusivity hinder the development of Follow-on Orphan Medicinal Products in Europe?  

PubMed Central

Background We determined whether the market exclusivity incentive of the European Orphan Drug Regulation results in a market monopoly or that absence of another Orphan Medicinal Product (OMP) for the same rare disorder, a so-called follow-on OMP, is a matter of time or market size. In the interest of rare disorder patients better understanding of the effect of the market exclusivity incentive on follow-on OMP development is warranted. Methods First, the impact of various market-, product- and disease-related characteristics on follow-on OMP development in the EU was determined by comparing rare disorders with an approved OMP and at least one follow-on OMP (N = 26), with rare disorders with an approved OMP and no follow-on OMP (N = 18). Next, we determined whether manufacturers continued development of a follow-on OMP upon approval of the first OMP for the intended rare disorder. Since in the EU significant benefit of an OMP has to be established, we determined for each follow-on OMP for which development was continued on what grounds significant benefit was assumed by the sponsor. Data were collected from the public domain only. Results The likelihood of a rare disorder with an approved OMP to obtain at least one follow-on OMP development was strongly associated with disease prevalence, turnover of the first OMP, disease class, disease-specific scientific output and age of onset. Out of a total of 120 follow-on OMPs only one follow-on OMP could be identified for which development was discontinued upon approval of the first OMP for the same rare disorder. Only a substantial level of discontinuation of follow-on OMP development would have indicated the existence of a market monopoly. Moreover, sponsors that continued development of a follow-on OMP predominantly assumed that their product had an improved efficacy compared to the first approved OMP. Conclusions This study provides evidence that absence of follow-on OMP development is a matter of time or market size, rather than that the market exclusivity incentive of the European Orphan Drug Regulation creates a market monopoly.

2011-01-01

400

Expatriate Housing: A Review of Aid-Projects in Vietnam.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Expatriate housing is needed in many aid-projects in developing countries to house personnel involved in the project. Shortage of local housing or of the desired standard and conditions make expatriate housing essential. This report describes three expatr...

S. Larsson

1989-01-01

401

Chapter 4 The Evolution of Music Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter traces the development of markets for music over the past several centuries. Formally organized music was at first supported primarily by churches and the nobility. Indeed, during the 18th century there was a kind of “arms race” in which noble houses competed for prestige through the quality of their orchestras and operas. Gradually, however, the role of churches

F. M. Scherer

2006-01-01

402

Time series analysis of the developed financial markets’ integration using visibility graphs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A time series representing the developed financial markets’ segmentation from 1973 to 2012 is studied. The time series reveals an obvious market integration trend. To further uncover the features of this time series, we divide it into seven windows and generate seven visibility graphs. The measuring capabilities of the visibility graphs provide means to quantitatively analyze the original time series. It is found that the important historical incidents that influenced market integration coincide with variations in the measured graphical node degree. Through the measure of neighborhood span, the frequencies of the historical incidents are disclosed. Moreover, it is also found that large “cycles” and significant noise in the time series are linked to large and small communities in the generated visibility graphs. For large cycles, how historical incidents significantly affected market integration is distinguished by density and compactness of the corresponding communities.

Zhuang, Enyu; Small, Michael; Feng, Gang

2014-09-01

403

Agricultural Diversification and Marketing. Instructional Materials Developed for Secondary, Postsecondary, and Continuing Education Agriculture Programs in Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials on agricultural diversification and marketing were developed for use by Iowa's vocational and technical agricultural instructors and extension personnel. This document is one of three manuals making up a single package. (The other two are Christmas Tree Production and Marketing and Sod Production and Marketing). The…

Iowa State Dept. of Agriculture, Des Moines.

404

Between markets and partnerships: urban solid waste management and contributions to sustainable development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper considers the extent to which new ways of delivering urban services contribute to urban sustainable development. Sustainable development is conceptualised in economic, social and environmental components. Market-led provision and public sector-civil society partnerships are examined, comparing Hyderabad, India with Nairobi, Kenya. Results show that strong variations in the strength of local government lead to contrasting results in the

J. Post; I. Baud

2003-01-01

405

Commercial Strategies for SME Developers of Mobile Phone Serious Games in Chinese Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is to analyze the detail mobile phone serious game market information, in order to identify the business opportunities for SME game developers in China and figure out the main barriers to entry to the Chinese marketplace. Surely, at the end of this section, some possible commercial strategies for SME developers in China will be offered and recommended.

Chen Xin

2008-01-01

406

A QUASI-MARKET FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT COMPETITION RICHARD C. FEIOCK* Florida State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a quasi-market framework to integrate the diverse perspectives on local government development competition found in the economic develop- ment literatures. Within this framework local governments seek to obtain positive external- ities associated with economic growth through the provision of services and inducements to private firms in exchange for commitments of employment and investment. Efficient pursuit of economic

Richard C. Feiock

407

Evolucion del Sistema de Financiacion de la Vivienda en EE.UU: Panorama Historico y Leccioines (Evolution of the U.S. Housing Finance System: A Historical Survey and Lessons for Emerging Mortgage Markets).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the past 180 years, the U.S. housing finance system (HFS) has evolved from an informal/communal institutional arrangement to one of the most well-functioning and extensive financial intermediation systems in the world. This evolution did not develop in...

2004-01-01

408

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

409

Market Size and Innovation: Effects of Medicare Part D on Pharmaceutical Research and Development  

PubMed Central

Recent evidence suggests that Medicare Part D increased prescription drug use among seniors, and increased pharmaceutical firms’ revenues from sales. Previous studies also indicate that increases in market size induce pharmaceutical innovation. This paper assesses the impact of the Medicare Part D legislation on pharmaceutical research and development (R&D), using time-series data on the number of drugs entering preclinical and clinical development by therapeutic class and phase. We find that the passage and implementation of Medicare Part D is associated with significant increases in pharmaceutical R&D for therapeutic classes with higher Medicare market share.

Sood, Neeraj

2012-01-01

410

24 CFR 8.33 - Housing adjustments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Housing adjustments. 8.33 Section 8.33 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility § 8.33 Housing adjustments. A recipient shall...

2009-04-01

411

24 CFR 8.33 - Housing adjustments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Housing adjustments. 8.33 Section 8.33 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Program Accessibility § 8.33 Housing adjustments. A recipient shall...

2010-04-01

412

Farmers Market. A Feasibility Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Primary data used in the undertaking of this study were generated from various sources. Establishing a permanent facility to house the market on a year-round basis would accomplish two important objectives. New concepts incorporated into modern day market...

1979-01-01

413

Development of Discriminating Method for Dissolution of Aceclofenac Marketed Formulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a meaningful dissolution procedure for drug products with limited water solubility has been a challenge to the pharmaceutical industry. Aceclofenac (BCS Class II drug) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. There is no official dissolution medium available in the literature. In the present study, parameters such as solubility, medium pH, surfactant type, dissolution behavior of formulations, influence of

Tejal Soni; Chirag Nagda; Tejal Gandhi; N. P. Chotai

414

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENERGY MARKET IN THE WESTERN BALKANS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the first part of the chapter the current position of the WB and the regional cooperation in this field will be discussed. In the second part of the chapter, the recommendations for the development of this sector will be elaborated with a special notion to the renewable energy sources and their bet- ter usage in the region.

Sonja Risteska

415

Expanding early childhood development services: Labour market challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article outlines some of the challenges in rapidly expanding early childhood development (ECD) service delivery in a way that meets acceptable quality standards and that generates sustainable employment, based on findings from the “Scaling up ECD (0–4)” programme at the HSRC. It reviews the service delivery gap, outlines government's emerging ECD programme, links this to its potential contribution to

Miriam Altman

2008-01-01

416

Conceptual model for marketing solar based technology to developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing countries are faced with large shortfalls of electric-power generation, shortages of usable indigenous fuels, and transportation bottlenecks for those fuels. The loss of revenue that is forced upon the industry due to power cuts and frequent interruptions of power supply is substantial. Renewable sources of energy have an important role to play in providing much needed power in the

Raja Peter; B Ramaseshan; C. V Nayar

2002-01-01

417

ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF INTERNET HOTEL MARKETING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the continuously increasing number of published work on the use of the Internet in tourism and hospitality literature, little has been written specifically on issues faced by hoteliers in developing countries and how they could learn from other successful practices. Indeed, analyzing the well performing destinations would provide useful insights for hoteliers in less performing counterparts around the world

Norman Au; Erdogan H. Ekiz

2009-01-01

418

Housing Cuyahoga County: Housing Sales.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is one of four which, together, constitute the second year work program of the Cuyahoga County Housing Study. It presents and analyzes data on sales prices of one-family houses in the county, both in aggregate and by small area, in terms of loc...

1971-01-01

419

Positioning patient-perceived medical services to develop a marketing strategy.  

PubMed

In today's medical market, marketing philosophy is being rapidly transformed from customer searching to patient satisfaction and service improvement. The principal objective of this study was to contribute to the establishment of a desirable medical marketing strategy, through the factors of customer satisfaction and the positioning of patients' perceptions by marketing institutions. The data were collected from 282 students of the College of Public Health and Medicine in Seoul. The survey tools were developed using the SERVQUAL scale. Analysis in this study involved both statistical and network analysis. The former was used to verify the determinants of service satisfaction as perceived by respondents, via factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. The latter was obtained using a positioning map and 2-mode network analysis with the matrix data converted from raw data. The determining factors for patient satisfaction were identified as facilities, accessibility, process, physicians, and medical staff. The regression equation was significant (R = 0.606), and the most influential variable was the service quality of physicians (? = .569). According to multidimensional scaling, the positioning of medical institutions indicated that patients' perceptions were affected by hospital size and specialization. By recognizing and managing patient satisfaction, medical institutions are able to foster customer loyalty and, in turn, to enhance service quality. It is necessary to develop an adequate marketing mix to provide better medical services and to overcome medical competition among institutions. PMID:22281998

Jung, Minsoo; Hong, Myung-Sun

2012-01-01

420

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

421

Student Housing and Residential Life: A Handbook for Professionals Committed to Student Development Goals. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on student housing and residential life contains the following articles: (1) "New Challenges and Goals for Residential Life Programs" (Blimling); (2) "Student Development in the Residential Environment" (Winston and Anchors); (3) "Psychosocial Development in College" (White and Porterfield); (4) "Intellectual, Ethical, and Moral…

Winston, Roger B., Jr.; And Others

422

What Does It Look Like and What Does It Take? Supporting Early Literacy--NAEYC at the White House Summit. Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This NAEYC presentation at White House Summit on Early Childhood Cognitive Development: Ready to Read, Ready to Learn describes key elements of early literacy and emphasizes essential supports for children's positive development and learning. The presentation focuses on the ways early childhood teachers can support children's language/literacy and…

Young Children, 2001

2001-01-01

423

Developing and Implementing a Marketing Strategy for College Recruiting and Admissions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzed is the development of marketing strategies at two major universities that have been successful in reversing enrollment declines that they experienced in the early 1970's. First, the organizational context of recruiting and admissions is examined, and the major phases of the admissions calendar are reviewed. Then the application of…

Johnson, Mark D.; Gilmour, Joseph E.

424

Collaborative Evaluation and Market Research Converge: An Innovative Model Agricultural Development Program Evaluation in Southern Sudan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In June and July 2006 a team of outside experts arrived in Yei, Southern Sudan through an AID project to provide support to a local agricultural development project. The team brought evaluation, agricultural marketing and financial management expertise to the in-country partners looking at steps to rebuild the economy of the war ravaged region. A…

O'Sullivan, John M.; O'Sullivan, Rita

2012-01-01

425

From “Gardens” to “Plantations”: Market Economy and Commercial Agricultural Development in Shaanbei, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent development of commercial agriculture in China can be illustrated by the diffusion of an orchard operation, “garden-plantation “, in northern Shaanxi Province (Shaanbei). Conceived in traditional family gardens, this new system has become a leading commercial operation and has resulted in improvements of both ecological and economic conditions. Empirical findings indicate that the emerging market economy has been a

Qian GUO

1998-01-01

426

Management of UK Pension Funds and Financial Market Development: 1970-2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper adopts data of United Kingdom from 1970-2008 to conduct empirical analysis to reveal the relationship between financial-market development and the management of pension funds. United Kingdom is a good example to be studied because it is one of the countries increasing funding by introducing individual account system. The Granger test results imply that the pension funds growth actually

Ren Liang; Li Bing

2010-01-01

427

Pluralist methodology for development economics: the example of moral economy of Indian labour markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper adds a moral angle to the pluralist approach to development economics, exploring the normative assumptions found in all the five main schools of thought that have analysed India's rural labour markets (neoclassical, new institutionalist, Marxist political economy, formalized political economy and feminist). The theorizations that are used by each have normative overtones, which are distinguished here from normative

Wendy Olsen

2007-01-01

428

For-Profit Venture Marketing Research and Analysis Study Conducted for Action for Boston Community Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a look at our study to find a for-profit venture for Action for Boston Community Development (ABCD) to establish. Essentially, our study had two stages - find a product or service that appeared to be needed in the market place and that ABCD...

1987-01-01

429

International market development through networks : The case of the Ayrshire knitwear sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the Ayrshire knitwear industry in Scotland, a group of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have formed a network with the purpose of developing group branded products for export markets. The initiative was instigated by the Ayrshire Textile Group (ATG), which was created in 1991 as a partnership between Enterprise Ayrshire, a government funded body, and the local textile industry.

Rhona E. Johnsen; Thomas E. Johnsen

1999-01-01

430

Budget Deficits and Inflation: The Roles of Central Bank Independence and Financial Market Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the relationship between budget deficits and inflation with the view that the nature of this relationship depends on the characteristics of monetary and financial institutions. The main hypothesis is that budget deficits are especially inflationary when both the central bank is not independent and the financial market is not developed enough to contain inflationary expectations. The empirical

Bilin Neyapti

2003-01-01

431

Supply chain market orientation in new product development in the UK : A pilot case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Textile industry supply chains take raw materials through several processes before reaching the consumer. At the start of a supply chain the consumer seems far away and the degree to which the raw material plays a part in the consumer product is difficult to gauge. This case presents details of market research for a new product development that aimed to

Robert Redfern; Caroline L. Davey

2003-01-01

432

Using Innovative Technology to Develop Sustainable Assessment Practices in Marketing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Timely, constructive feedback on assessment is critically important to students and yet is increasingly difficult for time-poor academics to consistently provide. Marketing educators also face pressure to incorporate sustainability into both the curriculum and practices such as assessment. This article outlines the development of an innovative…

Debuse, Justin C. W.; Lawley, Meredith

2011-01-01

433

Organizational Climate Antecedents to the Market Orientation of Cross-Functional New Product Development Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between organizational climate variables and the three components of market orientation are tested to investigate if the findings published by Jaworski and Kohli (1993) are confirmed in an industry-specific sample of cross-functional new product development teams at the sub -SBU level. The findings support Jaworski's and Kohli's (1993) findings for two of their variables, are opposite their findings

John Hafer; George G. Gresham

2008-01-01

434

Argonne Lab and U. of Chicago Form a Partnership to Develop and Market Their Scientists' Inventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four investors have committed $8.5 million to start companies based on discoveries made at the University of Chicago and the Argonne National Laboratory. It may be the first venture-capital fund to market products flowing from a federal laboratory. Graduate student volunteers are doing most of the development work. (MSE)

McMillen, Liz

1989-01-01

435

DEVELOPMENT OF THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION IN ALBANIA IN THE NEW ERA OF MARKET ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we give an overview of the most important developments that the accounting profession has experienced ever since Albania switched from a closed economy to an open market one. We put forth a discussion about the factors that recently seem to represent major challenges for the accountants. We identify as two of the most important and emergent challenges

Rezarta Shkurti; Brikena Leka

2010-01-01

436

Does new public management work in reforming the state's role in agricultural marketing in developing countries?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research investigated the extent to which 'new public management' style reforms (in which the state confines itself to contracting, guiding, facilitating and financing in providing public services, rather than delivering them itself through civil service organizations) are successful in the institutional context of developing countries. Studies of reform of public services to agricultural marketing were conducted in Ghana, India,

Michael Hubbard; Marisol Smith

1999-01-01

437

A Measure of Export Market Orientation: Scale Development and Cross-cultural Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the construction and psychometric assessment of a measure of export market orientation. Four multi-item scales were developed showing strong evidence of reliability and convergent, discriminant, and nomological validity in samples of U.K. and Dutch exporters. Further analysis revealed full invariance of the final measure across the two country samples. Several suggestions for applying the measure in

John W. Cadogan; Adamantios Diamantopoulos; Charles Pahud de Mortanges

1999-01-01

438

IT COMPETENCY PREDICTING MARKET AND DEVELOPMENT PERFORMANCE: MODERATED BY ORGANIZATIONAL SIZE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resource based view (RBV) suggests that firms with greater information technology (IT) competencies may be able to leverage information to overcome competitors. This study of 167 large New Zealand companies, found that IT knowledge, IT operations, and IT objects were all directly related to market and development performance. Further, firm size was tested as a potential moderator and found

Jenny Gibb; Jarrod Haar

439

Strukturierung und Implementierung von Business Development, Marketing und PR in der Kanzlei  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Marketing, Public Relation und Business Development Abteilungen sind mittlerweile in den meisten größeren Dienstleistungsunternehmen\\u000a und Großkanzleien ein fester Bestandteil des Managements geworden. Die Größen der Abteilungen variieren von einem bis zu 20+\\u000a Mitarbeitern.

Marcus Brans

440

House Warming  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this physical sciences activity, learners explore how passive solar design increases energy efficiency. Learners test paperboard models of different building designs to discover how the design affects the amount of heat that enters the house.

Television, Twin C.

2013-01-01

441

Building sector: state of the market and two models on how to reach it  

SciTech Connect

Two subjects related to marketing solar energy in the buildings sector are discussed: first, the market size defined in terms of number of housing units and square feet of commercial floor space and their energy use characteristics and, second, several models SERI has developed and is using to move solar energy/energy efficiency into the mainstream of residential and commercial building construction. (MHR)

Holtz, M.J.

1980-08-30

442

Using the Process of Disruption to Find New Markets and to Develop New Marketing Programs for Management Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The market for management education has grown rapidly over the past 40 years. However, increasing competition stemming from new entrants such as for-profit universities and from the globalization of management education have changed the dynamics of the market thereby presenting business schools with difficult challenges. The process of disruption…

Somers, Mark John

2009-01-01

443

Potential Environmental Impacts of Energy Facilities and Other Development on Fish House Cove, Delaware River, Camden County, New Jersey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1957, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) recommended the public acquisition of Fish House Cove. Since 1957, approximately 75% of the marshes and mudflats of the Delaware River estuary have been eliminated by man's actions. Fish House Cove is po...

1980-01-01

444

Organizational and market factors associated with leadership development programs in hospitals: a national study.  

PubMed

Effective leadership in hospitals is widely recognized as the key to organizational performance. Clinical, financial, and operational performance is increasingly being linked to the leadership practices of hospital managers. Moreover, effective leadership has been described as a means to achieve competitive advantage. Recent environmental forces, including reimbursement changes and increased competition, have prompted many hospitals to focus on building leadership competencies to successfully address these challenges. Using the resource dependence theory as our conceptual framework, we present results from a national study of hospitals examining the association of organizational and market factors with the provision of leadership development program activities, including the presence of a leadership development program, a diversity plan, a program for succession planning, and career development resources. The data are taken from the American Hospital Association's (AHA) 2008 Survey of Hospitals, the Area Resource File, and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. The results of multilevel logistic regressions of each leadership development program activity on organizational and market factors indicate that hospital size, system and network affiliation, and accreditation are significantly and positively associated with all leadership development program activities. The market factors significantly associated with all leadership development activities include a positive odds ratio for metropolitan statistical area location and a negative odds ratio for the percentage of the hospital's service area population that is female and minority. For-profit hospitals are less likely to provide leadership development program activities. Additional findings are presented, and the implications for hospital management are discussed. PMID:22530292

Kim, Tae Hyun; Thompson, Jon M

2012-01-01

445

Policy Building Blocks: Helping Policymakers Determine Policy Staging for the Development of Distributed PV Markets: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

There is a growing body of qualitative and a limited body of quantitative literature supporting the common assertion that policy drives development of clean energy resources. Recent work in this area indicates that the impact of policy depends on policy type, length of time in place, and economic and social contexts of implementation. This work aims to inform policymakers about the impact of different policy types and to assist in the staging of those policies to maximize individual policy effectiveness and development of the market. To do so, this paper provides a framework for policy development to support the market for distributed photovoltaic systems. Next steps include mathematical validation of the framework and development of specific policy pathways given state economic and resource contexts.

Doris, E.

2012-04-01

446

A note on the efficiency of financial markets in a developing country  

Microsoft Academic Search

Semi-strong efficiency in the stock market, the foreign exchange market and the interbank money market in Turkey is investigated by using the direct Granger causality tests. Significant deviations are reported from the efficient market hypothesis (EMH) with respect to changes in market liquidity in all these markets for the period of January 1989 to July 1995. It is also found

Ercan Balaban; Kür?at Kunter

1997-01-01

447

The impact of the Internet in banking: observations and evidence from developed and emerging markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the risk, efficiency and rate of progress in the implementation of electronic commerce (e-commerce) in a sample of banks from a developed country (the US), and a sample of banks from developing and emerging markets. The results confirm that the US is very advanced in its electronic-banking (e-banking) actuation. There is evidence suggesting that e-banking is driven

John Simpson

2002-01-01

448

Evaluation of the Mark-to-Market Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This evaluation of the Mark-to-Market (M2M) Program was conducted under a contract issued by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) to Econometrica, Inc. and its subcontractor Abt Asso...

C. Hanson J. Anderson K. Lam M. Finkel R. Hilton

2004-01-01

449

Housing Assistance and Information Study, Paris, Kentucky.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A preliminary analysis is made of the sources of financing both conventional and federal available in the Paris, Kentucky housing market. It outlines in detail the supply of needed type, size and price of housing and recommends the creation of an organiza...

1972-01-01

450

Quick House Sales: Seller Mistake or Luck?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real estate brokers in the housing market are typically required to enter their listings into the Multiple Listing Service (MLS) system within a short period of time. Some houses sell immediately after being listed with a broker but before entering the MLS system. Given the role of the broker in the transaction process and the possible incentive to urge the

C. F. Sirmans; Geoffrey K. Turnbull; Jonathan Dombrow

1995-01-01

451

Health for Development. Farm House Dialogue (6th, Ota, Nigeria, September 1-3, 1989).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes discussions at an invitational workshop on health care development in Nigeria. The discussion centered on the need for cooperation among government service-delivery agencies and on the need to improve general national economic conditions. The following broad topics were discussed: (1) the history of health care during the…

Africa Leadership Forum.

452

Sensitivity Analysis of 'Forests on the Edge: Housing Development on America's Private Forests'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The original Forests on the Edge report (FOTE 1) indicated that 44.2 million acres of private forest land was projected to experience substantial increases in residential development in the coming decades. In this study, we examined the sensitivity of the...

D. M. Theobald E. M. White L. G. Mahal R. J. Alig S. M. Stein

2009-01-01

453

The House of Make-Believe: Children's Play and the Developing Imagination.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combining a scientific and a humanistic approach in a series of essays that draw on both clinical and literary data, this book examines how imaginative play begins and how it develops. From the infant's first smiles and peekaboo games to the toddler's exploration of objects and participation in symbolic and social pretend play, the book traces the…

Singer, Dorothy G.; Singer, Jerome L.

454

Social and Economic Trends in Rural America. The White House Rural Development Background Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasizing developmental problems caused by the rapid population and employment growth in rural America during the 1970's, this document describes social, economic, and governmental trends in rural America and suggests some federal policy choices that might be made in support of rural development. Problem areas and policy suggestions are…

Deavers, Kenneth L.; Brown, David L.

455

Books and National Development. Seminar Report April 27-29, 1968, Academy House, Seoul.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Representatives from Korea, China, Indonesia, Japan, Thailand, the United States and Southeast Asian Ministers of Education (SEAMES) attended an international seminar to reaffirm the importance of books as national development tools, to seek measures for having it reflected in the national policies and to promote international cooperation in book…

Korean Publishers Association, Seoul.

456

Emission allowances and utility compliance choices: Market development and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

This paper will examine the multifaceted goals and problems of states and utilities relative to compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and in particular as they pertain to the development and functioning of the allowance market together with utility pollution control and power generation technology choice. Section 2 presents possible utility compliance strategies along with possible barriers that utilities may confront regarding the development of a SO{sub 2} allowance market. Section 3 discusses current regulatory barriers and requirements being implemented by state PUCs, and Section 4 offers some policy recommendations to achieve the goals of Title IV. Finally, Section 5 presents a summary and conclusion; Appendix A provides programs/mandates developed to date by high sulfur coal states in response to Title IV compliance requirements. (VC)

South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); McDermott, K.A. [Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States). Center for Regulatory Studies

1992-05-01

457

Emission allowances and utility compliance choices: Market development and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

This paper will examine the multifaceted goals and problems of states and utilities relative to compliance with Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, and in particular as they pertain to the development and functioning of the allowance market together with utility pollution control and power generation technology choice. Section 2 presents possible utility compliance strategies along with possible barriers that utilities may confront regarding the development of a SO{sub 2} allowance market. Section 3 discusses current regulatory barriers and requirements being implemented by state PUCs, and Section 4 offers some policy recommendations to achieve the goals of Title IV. Finally, Section 5 presents a summary and conclusion; Appendix A provides programs/mandates developed to date by high sulfur coal states in response to Title IV compliance requirements. (VC)

South, D.W.; Bailey, K.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); McDermott, K.A. (Illinois State Univ., Normal, IL (United States). Center for Regulatory Studies)

1992-01-01

458

Collaborative evaluation and market research converge: an innovative model agricultural development program evaluation in Southern Sudan.  

PubMed

In June and July 2006 a team of outside experts arrived in Yei, Southern Sudan through an AID project to provide support to a local agricultural development project. The team brought evaluation, agricultural marketing and financial management expertise to the in-country partners looking at steps to rebuild the economy of the war ravaged region. A partnership of local officials, agricultural development staff, and students worked with the outside team to craft a survey of agricultural traders working between northern Uganda and Southern Sudan the steps approach of a collaborative model. The goal was to create a market directory of use to producers, government officials and others interested in stimulating agricultural trade. The directory of agricultural producers and distributors served as an agricultural development and promotion tool as did the collaborative process itself. PMID:22309968

O'Sullivan, John M; O'Sullivan, Rita

2012-11-01

459

Planning delay and the responsiveness of English housing supply.  

PubMed

There is growing international interest in the impact of regulatory controls on the supply of housing. Most research focuses on the supply impacts of prescribed limits on land use but housing supply may also be affected by the process of planning monitoring and approval but this is hard to measure in detail. The UK has a particularly restrictive planning regime and a detailed and uncertain process of development control linked to it, but does offer the opportunity of detailed site-based investigation of planning delay. This paper presents the findings of empirical research on the time taken to gain planning permission for selected recent major housing projects in southern England. The scale of delay found was far greater than is indicated by average official data measuring the extent to which local authorities meet planning delay targets. Hedonic modelling indicated that there is considerable variation in the time it takes local authorities to process planning applications. Housing association developments are processed more quickly than those of large developers and small sites appear to be particularly time-intensive. These results suggest that delays in development control may be a significant contributory factor to the low responsiveness of UK housing supply to upturns in market activity. PMID:21275198

Ball, Michael

2011-01-01

460

Technology development activities for housing research animals on Space Station Freedom  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The development and design of animal facilities are described in terms of the technological needs for NASA's Biological Flight Research Laboratory. Animal habitats are presented with illustrations which encompass waste-collection techniques for microgravity conditions that reduce the need for crew participation. The technology is intended to be highly compatible with animal morphology, and airflow is employed as the primary mechanism of waste control. The airflow can be utilized in the form of localized high-speed directed flow that simultaneously provides a clean animal habitat and low airflow rates. The design of an animal-habitat testbed is presented which capitalizes on contamination-control mechanisms and suitable materials for microgravity conditions. The developments in materials and technologies represent significant contributions for the design of the centrifuge facilities for the Space Station Freedom.

Jenner, Jeffrey W.; Garin, Vladimir M.; Nguyen, Frank D.

1991-01-01

461

Aspects of the Development of Housing for the Spaceflight of Pregnant and Lactating Rats with Neonates  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent and upcoming spaceflights are investigating the effect of weightlessness on developing neural and organ systems. Pregnant rats and dams with neonates have to be accommodated in cages that support the special requirements of these animals. Extensive ground testing of cage concepts, the effect of launch and landing stresses on the maintenance of pregnancy and maternal behavior at different neonatal ages, and techniques for monitoring adaptability to change are discussed. A spaceflight opportunity for the NlH.R3 payload of rat families at three different postnatal ages demonstrated that the survival of very young animals was not good but that older newborns could be returned to Earth in reasonably good health. The development of cages for the Research Animal Holding Facility (RAHF) to support the flight of neonates on Neurolab was continued and incorporated modifications that were demonstrated by the NIH.R3 flight. Other modifications to the RAHF are discussed. Data from biocompatibility and experiment verification testing are presented.

Hinds, William E.; Mayer, David J.; Evans, Juli; Spratt, Shahn; Lane, Philip K.; Rodriguez, Shari L.; Navidi, Meena; Armstrong, Rachel; Lemos, Bonnie; Dalton, Bonnie P. (Technical Monitor)

1996-01-01

462

Effect of benserazid and allatectomy on the development and structure of the ovariole in the house cricket, Acheta domestica L.  

PubMed

Light and electron microscopic investigations were carried out on the fourth day imago of the house cricket, Acheta domestica L. treated with benserazid, or allatectomized. Introduction of benserazid (daily on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd days of imaginal life in 0.1 mg/g) failed to influence the development of the oocytes. However, benserazid in the concentration of 0.2 mg/g inhibited the growth of the terminal oocytes, while in 0.6 mg/g it completely blocked the development of terminal oocytes and vitellogenesis. The effect of benserazid proved to be reversible. Application of juvenile hormone analogue (ZR-515) prevented the effect of benserazid on the gonads of the crickets. Ultrastructural damages of the oocytes and follicular epithelium were the same in case of benserazid treatment and allatectomy, although the changes were more expressed in the latter case. The benserazid effect was found to be indirect, caused by damage to the interaction between the aminergic and peptidergic systems of the brain. PMID:3442170

Chudakova, I V; Aizenstadt, T B; Rózsa, K S

1986-01-01

463

Energy Efficient Industrialized Housing Research Program, Center for Housing Innovation, University of Oregon and the Florida Solar Energy Center  

SciTech Connect

This research program addresses the need to increase the energy efficiency of industrialized housing. Two research centers have responsibility for the program: the Center for Housing Innovation at the University of Oregon and the Florida Solar Energy Center, a research institute of the University of Central Florida. The two organizations provide complementary architectural, systems engineering, and industrial engineering capabilities. In 1989 we worked on these tasks: (1) the formation of a steering committee, (2) the development of a multiyear research plan, (3) analysis of the US industrialized housing industry, (4) assessment of foreign technology, (5) assessment of industrial applications, (6) analysis of computerized design and evaluation tools, and (7) assessment of energy performance of baseline and advanced industrialized housing concepts. The current research program, under the guidance of a steering committee composed of industry and government representatives, focuses on three interdependent concerns -- (1) energy, (2) industrial process, and (3) housing design. Building homes in a factory offers the opportunity to increase energy efficiency through the use of new materials and processes, and to increase the value of these homes by improving the quality of their construction. Housing design strives to ensure that these technically advanced homes are marketable and will meet the needs of the people who will live in them.

Brown, G.Z.

1990-01-01

464

Marketing Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an economic analysis of marketing innovation. A dynamic duopoly model is developed to study two forms of marketing innovation: ?, which allows a firm to acquire consumer information effectively; and ?, which reduces consumer transaction costs. The incentives and effects of marketing innovation differ markedly from those of product or process innovations. Although ? benefits the innovating

Yongmin Chen

2006-01-01

465

24 CFR 582.305 - Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY FACILITIES SHELTER PLUS CARE Program Requirements § 582.305 Housing quality standards; rent reasonableness. (a) Housing...

2013-04-01

466

Housing and child health.  

PubMed

The connection between housing and health is well established. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the child's home, such as cleanliness, moisture, pests, noise, accessibility, injury risks, and other forms of housing environmental quality, all have the potential to influence multiple aspects of the health and development of children. Basic sanitation, reduced household crowding, other improvements in housing and expanded, and improved housing regulations have led to advances in children's health. For example, lead poisoning prevention policies have profoundly reduced childhood lead exposure in the United States. This and many other successes highlight the health benefits for families, particularly children, by targeting interventions that reduce or eliminate harmful exposures in the home. Additionally, parental mental health problems, food insecurity, domestic violence, and the presence of guns in children's homes all are largely experienced by children in their homes, which are not as yet considered part of the Healthy Homes agenda. There is a large movement and now a regulatory structure being put in place for healthy housing, which is becoming closely wedded with environmental health, public health, and the practice of pediatrics. The importance of homes in children's lives, history of healthy homes, asthma, and exposures to lead, carbon monoxide, secondhand/thirdhand smoke, radon, allergy triggers is discussed, as well as how changes in ambient temperature, increased humidity, poor ventilation, water quality, infectious diseases, housing structure, guns, electronic media, family structure, and domestic violence all affect children's health. PMID:23953987

Weitzman, Michael; Baten, Ahmareen; Rosenthal, David G; Hoshino, Risa; Tohn, Ellen; Jacobs, David E

2013-09-01

467

65 FR 9322 - Super Notice of Funding Availability (SuperNOFA) for HUD's Housing, Community Development and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...promising technology, to transfer models and lessons learned in each of its CD-TA...Housing Partnership Components of EOI and PEI, Model Codes Partnership Component of EOI-National...by offering Homebuyer Education and Learning Program (HELP) training...

2000-02-24

468

Baby Boom, Population Aging, and Capital Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article tests how demographic changes affect capital markets. The life-cycle investment hypothesis states that at an early stage an investor allocates more wealth in housing and then switches to financial assets at a later stage. Consequently, the stock market should rise but the housing market should decline with the average age, a prediction supported in the post-1945 period. The

Gurdip S. Bakshi; Zhiwu Chen

1994-01-01

469

Root Causes of the Housing Bubble  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this chapter we investigate root causes of the recent US housing bubble which has been caused a serious downturn in US economic growth since autumn of 2008. We propose a simple model of housing markets in order to indicate the possible determinants of recent housing prices. Utilizing the model, we verify a number of hypotheses which have been proposed in the recent literature on the housing bubbles. We suggest that the main causes of the housing bubble from 2000 to 2006 are (1) non-elastic housing supply in the metropolitan areas, and (2) declines in the mortgage loan rate and the housing premium by the massive mortgage credit expansion. We also suggest that these factors were strongly influenced by policies that governments and the Federal Reserve Board performed.

Kaizoji, Taisei

470

[Professional development and entering the labor market: the perceptions of nursing graduates].  

PubMed

The professional history of nursing graduates allows for understanding and reflecting on higher education and the characteristics inherent in the job market. The objectives of the present study were to analyze the perceptions that nursing graduates of a private university have regarding their development process, focusing on the conditions of entering the job market and the demands they deal with in their professional life. The Collective Subject Discourse was the method of choice used in this study. Participants included 104 graduates who were divided into three groups according to their position after graduation. Discourse analysis allowed for deep reflection regarding their preparation, indicating the need to review the pedagogical project, particularly in terms of developing competencies in the four dimensions of care: management, healthcare, education, and research. PMID:22441280

Colenci, Raquel; Berti, Heloísa Wey

2012-02-01

471

Estimation of dynamic asymmetric tail dependences: an empirical study on Asian developed futures markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, we employ three two-parameter Archimedean copulas (BB1, BB4 and BB7) to investigate the dynamic asymmetric tail dependences between two of three Asian developed futures markets, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore, during the post-Asian financial crisis period. We first model the marginal distribution by conditional skewed-t distribution and find that higher moments of each filtered index futures return

Qing Xu; Xiao-Ming Li

2009-01-01

472

Long-term Impacts of Droughts on Labour Markets in Developing Countries: Evidence from Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate shocks have well-documented impacts on the short-term welfare of rural households in developing countries. We investigate the impact of droughts on Brazilian labour markets. We find long-term rural wage losses beyond the immediate impact of the drought, with affected workers taking five years to catch up with their peers. Findings are robust to model specification. The severity of the

Valerie A. Mueller; Daniel E. Osgood

2009-01-01

473

Greco-Roman Lessons for Public Debt Management and Debt Market Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Greece and Italy initiated efforts to improve public debt management and develop their domestic debt markets respectively in the late 1970s and mid-1980s. At that time, both countries suffered from large and rapidly growing public debt, excessive reliance on short-term bills held by commercial banks, a strong preference of households to save in bank deposits, and a weak presence of

Dimitri Vittas; Alessandra Campanaro

2004-01-01

474

Using Innovative Technology to Develop Sustainable Assessment Practices in Marketing Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Timely, constructive feedback on assessment is critically important to students and yet is increasingly difficult for time-poor academics to consistently provide. Marketing educators also face pressure to incorporate sustainability into both the curriculum and practices such as assessment. This article outlines the development of an innovative computer-based marking tool, SuperMarkIt (SMI), which promotes sustainability. Using an action research method, this

Justin C. W. Debuse; Meredith Lawley

2011-01-01

475

Interpersonal trust between marketing and R&D during new product development projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The primary objective of this research is to test a model examining interpersonal trust between marketing managers and R&D managers during new product development projects. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In this study interpersonal trust as a bi-dimensional construct with cognitive and affective components is conceptualised. The authors' integrative structural model specifies Weber's structural\\/bureaucratic dimensions – formalisation and centralisation to predict

Graham R. Massey; Elias Kyriazis

2007-01-01

476

‘Proactive fast-tracking’ diffusion of supermarkets in developing countries: implications for market institutions and trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supermarkets have spread extremely rapidly in developing countries after the ‘take-off’ in the early to mid-1990s. Former analyses of supermarket diffusion have not adequately explained the sudden burst and then exponential diffusion of supermarkets in the late 1990s and early 2000s. We argue that rather than taking demand and market institutional and organizational conditions as ‘exogenous’, as former analyses have

Thomas Reardon; Spencer Henson; Julio Berdegué

2007-01-01

477

IMP3 RNP Safe Houses Prevent miRNA-Directed HMGA2 mRNA Decay in Cancer and Development.  

PubMed

The IMP3 RNA-binding protein is associated with metastasis and poor outcome in human cancer. Using solid cancer transcriptome data, we found that IMP3 correlates with HMGA2 mRNA expression. Cytoplasmic IMP3 granules contain HMGA2, and IMP3 dose-dependently increases HMGA2 mRNA. HMGA2 is regulated by let-7, and let-7 antagomiRs make HMGA2 refractory to IMP3. Removal of let-7 target sites eliminates IMP3-dependent stabilization, and IMP3-containing bodies are depleted of Ago1-4 and miRNAs. The relationship between Hmga2 mRNA and IMPs also exists in the developing limb bud, where IMP1-deficient embryos show dose-dependent Hmga2 mRNA downregulation. Finally, IMP3 ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) contain other let-7 target mRNAs, including LIN28B, and a global gene set enrichment analysis demonstrates that miRNA-regulated transcripts in general are upregulated following IMP3 induction. We conclude that IMP3 RNPs may function as cytoplasmic safe houses and prevent miRNA-directed mRNA decay of oncogenes during tumor progression. PMID:24703842

Jønson, Lars; Christiansen, Jan; Hansen, Thomas V O; Vikeså, Jonas; Yamamoto, Yohei; Nielsen, Finn C

2014-04-24

478

Housing Management: Tenants Recreation System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the Public Housing Management Improvement Program. This part of the program developed a tenant's recreation system. With the active involvement of tenants in the planning and development, the program aims at development of constructi...

1976-01-01

479

Housing Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building specifications for birdhouses (nesting boxes) are given for 11 species (chickadee, titmouse, nuthatch, Carolina wren, house wren, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, flicker, bluebird, screech owl, and wood duck) including length, width, depth, entrance diameter, and height above the ground. Pointers for construction, materials, and…

Schmalz, Georgann

1985-01-01

480

The technical development of crystals and oscillators in China and their market situation.  

PubMed

In recent years the manufacture of and demand for crystals and oscillators in China have been increasing quickly because of the development of industries, communications, science, transportation, and electronic techniques. This paper introduces the manufacture, research, and characteristics of the technical development of crystals and oscillators in the last ten years in China. To meet the demand from industry, science, and other markets, the number of companies that produce and research crystals and oscillators has increased from several to more than 300 in the last 20 years. Manufacturing technology and equipment have also improved. For marketing and technical reasons, more than 75% of the companies manufacture mainly 49 micro, 49 micros, and microm crystals. Now more and more companies plan to build production lines to make cold-weld crystals and other precision crystals, and at least two companies have already built their production lines. Most of the precision crystals are AT-cut but some are SC-cut. Integrated TCXOs and DTCXOs have been made by different companies, and the frequency-temperature stability of them is from +/- 2 ppm to +/- 0.5 ppm in a wide temperature range. Specifications of some OCXOs are almost the same as those of foreign OCXOs. The main design techniques in China are experimental. However, in recent years, specially designed software has been developed for oscillator design, and advanced instrumentation and equipment are used. The market situation for crystals and oscillators has increased. PMID:16471429

Zhou, Wei; Wang, Hai; Zhou, Hui; Gao, Jianning; Bai, Lina

2006-01-01

481

"Into the Melting Pot": The Development of a European Dimension in a 4-Year Programme in Languages and International Marketing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the need for improved international trade in Ireland, an undergraduate program of applied languages and international marketing was developed at the National Institute for Higher Education, a unique Irish technological university in Dublin. In the first year, students study French and German and four business subjects (marketing,…

Davis, R. Leslie

482

International regulation and regional development: Consequences of the single European market for small and medium sized enterprises in Portugal  

Microsoft Academic Search

In seeking to understand contexts for regional development an increasingly important element is the growing influence of international institutions and agreements in the regulation of economic systems. Within Europe the economic liberalization and increased market competition encouraged by the Single European Market (SEM) has been widely predicted to benefit larger elements of capital and core regions of economic activity at

Stephen Syrett

1996-01-01

483

Development in an incomplete information framework — the markets for physical and human capital from a fuzzy perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asymmetric or incomplete information is a common and much discussed feature of market interactions, often constituting the difference between 'off the shelf' policy prescriptions and the realities of the development process. Besides outlining the resulting imperfections in the markets for physical and human capital, this paper attempts to provide an introduction to the applicability of fuzzy set theory to these

Zs. Koczan

2009-01-01

484

Integrating Courses in Marketing Research and Engineering Design: An Instructional Technique for Enhancing the Product Development Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The integration of undergraduate marketing research and engineering design courses is discussed, and the nature of and need for such integration is established as vital to new product development. Individual courses in marketing research and engineering are described, and the objectives of integrating the courses and plans for implementation are presented. Critical issues for success are revealed.

Dale A. Lunsford; John M. Henshaw

1992-01-01

485

The Sun Rises in the East (of Africa): A Comparison of the Development and Status of the Solar Energy Markets in Kenya and Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes, compares and analyses the historical development and current status of Kenya's and Tanzania's emerging solar energy markets. The analysis is based on an extensive literature survey and 25 in-depth personal interviews with experts on the East African solar power market. Kenya's solar market is found to be one of the world's leading markets for off-grid solar uses,

Janosch Ondraczek

2012-01-01

486

New Generation of Broadcasting Satellite Systems: New Markets and Business Developments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the deployment of the first Digital Broadcasting Satellite Systems, European satellite operators and service providers have been faced with the continuously increasing demand for Digital Broadcasting Services. Their success is built on the availability of the MPEG and DVB standards. Undoubtedly, conventional digital television broadcasting is today the `Killer' application. Various service providers already offer multimedia applications through DVB-S systems based upon the `Push' technology. Although these services do not currently represent the core business for broadcasting satellite operators, their percentage is increasing. `Push' technology services include Data Carousel, Webcasting, Turbo Internet, File casting and so on. Such technology can support the implementation of different emerging multimedia services scenarios from Newsgroups, Network collaborative learning, and tele-medicine, to others that may be invented in the near future. The penetration rate of multi-channel television reception is still increasing. Broadcasting satellites benefit both from the development of new, more segmented and sophisticated offers and from the development of Internet services. Satellite is likely to enter these new markets at different levels of the value chain: Even if the satellite has demonstrated its capacity to fully serve the television, combinations with other networks may be necessary to address the new markets: at the consumer premises, Internet-related services will require a return path; at the backbone level, satellite becomes a component of a full telecommunications solution. This article focuses on the European market and proposes:

Perrot, Bruno; Michel, Cyril; Villaret, Stéfanie

2002-01-01

487

National Low Income Housing Coalition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Amid the successes of new residential housing developments throughout the United States, there are many policy analysts and community activists who remain concern about the general lack of affordable housing in some parts of the country. One such group is the National Low Income Housing Coalition, which is primarily focused on the creation and maintenance of housing for persons in the lowest income brackets. The site itself is quite rich in materials, including the AdvocateâÂÂs Guide which contains short chapters describing more than 60 housing-related programs, proposals, and issues. Another very useful set of documents are the âÂÂOut of Reachâ annual reports, which offer statistical data and summaries of the affordability (or lack of affordability) of housing options in different regions of the country.

2005-01-01

488

Smart Houses  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

GWS takes plans for a new home and subjects them to intensive computerized analysis that does 10,000 calculations relative to expected heat loss and heat gain, then provides specifications designed specifically for each structure as to heating, cooling, ventilation and insulation. As construction progresses, GWS inspects the work of the electrical, plumbing and insulation contractors and installs its own Smart House Radiant Barrier. On completion of the home, GWS technicians use a machine that creates a vacuum in the house and enables computer calculation of the air exchanged, a measure of energy efficiency. Key factor is the radiant barrier, borrowed from the Apollo program. This is an adaptation of a highly effective aluminized heat shield as a radiation barrier holding in or keeping out heat, cold air and water vapor.

1987-01-01

489

Impact of BRICS' investment in vaccine development on the global vaccine market.  

PubMed

Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa - the countries known as BRICS - have made considerable progress in vaccine production, regulation and development over the past 20 years. In 1993, all five countries were producing vaccines but the processes used were outdated and non-standardized, there was little relevant research and there was negligible international recognition of the products. By 2014, all five countries had strong initiatives for the development of vaccine technology and had greatly improved their national regulatory capacity. South Africa was then the only BRICS country that was not completely producing vaccines. South Africa is now in the process of re-establishing its own vaccine production and passing beyond the stage of simply importing, formulating and filling vaccine bulks. Changes in the public sector's price per dose of selected vaccines, the global market share represented by products from specific manufacturers, and the attractiveness, for multinational companies, of partnership and investment opportunities in BRICS companies have all been analysed. The results indicate that the BRICS countries have had a major impact on vaccine price and availability, with much of that impact attributable to the output of Indian vaccine manufacturers. China is expected to have a greater impact soon, given the anticipated development of Chinese vaccine manufacturers in the near future. BRICS' accomplishments in the field of vaccine development are expected to reshape the global vaccine market and accelerate access to vaccines in the developing world. The challenge is to turn these expectations into strategic actions and practical outcomes. PMID:24940018

Kaddar, Miloud; Milstien, Julie; Schmitt, Sarah

2014-06-01

490

Impact of BRICS' investment in vaccine development on the global vaccine market  

PubMed Central

Abstract Brazil, the Russian Federation, India, China and South Africa – the countries known as BRICS – have made considerable progress in vaccine production, regulation and development over the past 20 years. In 1993, all five countries were producing vaccines but the processes used were outdated and non-standardized, there was little relevant research and there was negligible international recognition of the products. By 2014, all five countries had strong initiatives for the development of vaccine technology and had greatly improved their national regulatory capacity. South Africa was then the only BRICS country that was not completely producing vaccines. South Africa is now in the process of re-establishing its own vaccine production and passing beyond the stage of simply importing, formulating and filling vaccine bulks. Changes in the public sector’s price per dose of selected vaccines, the global market share represented by products from specific manufacturers, and the attractiveness, for multinational companies, of partnership and investment opportunities in BRICS companies have all been analysed. The results indicate that the BRICS countries have had a major impact on vaccine price and availability, with much of that impact attributable to the output of Indian vaccine manufacturers. China is expected to have a greater impact soon, given the anticipated development of Chinese vaccine manufacturers in the near future. BRICS’ accomplishments in the field of vaccine development are expected to reshape the global vaccine market and accelerate access to vaccines in the developing world. The challenge is to turn these expectations into strategic actions and practical outcomes.

Milstien, Julie; Schmitt, Sarah

2014-01-01

491

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for 1984. Part 4. Department of Energy FY 1984 Budget Justifications. Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development, Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Text of the hearings is presented covering budget highlights; atomic energy defense activities; energy supply, research and development, general science and research; uranium enrichment; geothermal resources development fund; power marketing administratio...

1983-01-01

492

Are U. S. Colleges and Universities Applying Marketing Techniques Properly and within the Context of an Overall Marketing Plan?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 791 college admissions officers investigated the use and perceived effectiveness of 15 marketing techniques: publicity; target marketing; market segmentation; advertising; program development; market positioning; market research; access; marketing plan; pricing; marketing committee; advertising research; consultants; marketing audit;…

Goldgehn, Leslie A.

1990-01-01

493

Solar energy, conservation, and rental housing  

SciTech Connect

Renters must pay the majority of energy costs either directly or in their rents. They have limited financial and legal abilities to make improvements necessary to increase substantially the energy efficiency of rental housing. This report discusses the problem of how to increase investments in energy conservation and solar energy devices for rental housing, which constitutes over one-third of US housing. As background, this report characterizes the rental-housing market, including owners' decision-making criteria. Federal, state, and local policies that affect energy-related investments in rental housing are described. Programs are divided into five major categories: (1) programs for tenants, (2) financial incentives for owners, (3) leasing of solar energy equipment, (4) mediation between tenants and landlords, and (5) regulation. The report concludes that energy and conservation programs aimed at the residential sector must disaggregate owner-occupied housing from rental housing for maximum effect. No one program is advocated since local rental-housing markets differ substantially. For improvements greater than no-cost or low-cost items, programs must be directed at rental-housing owners and not only at tenants.

Levine, A.; Raab, J.

1981-03-01

494

The development of a code of practice for single house on-site wastewater treatment in Ireland.  

PubMed

The performance of six separate percolation areas was intensively monitored to ascertain the attenuation effects of unsaturated subsoils with respect to on-site wastewater effluent: three sites receiving septic tank effluent, the other three sites receiving secondary treated effluent. The development of a biomat across the percolation areas receiving secondary treated effluent was restricted on these sites compared to those sites receiving septic tank effluent. This created significant differences in terms of the hydraulic loading on the percolation areas with implications for the transport and attenuation of indicator microorganisms and nitrogen down through the subsoils and into the groundwater. The results of this work have formed a large input into the production of a new Code of Practice Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems Serving Single Houses. This has led to changes in the design of on-site hydraulic loading from 180 L per capita per day (L/c.d) down to 150 L/c.d. The range of acceptable subsoils receiving septic tank effluent has narrowed for more highly permeable subsoils following a series of tracer studies using bacteriophages. However, the range has been extended for lower permeability subsoils (range 0.08 down to 0.06 m/d) receiving secondary treated effluent in order to encourage the effluent to spread further along the trenches. The maximum individual length of percolation trenches receiving secondary effluent has also been reduced to 10 m to encourage dispersion on a wider area. This paper thus highlights how research can directly feed into a Code of Practice. PMID:22097047

Gill, L W

2011-01-01

495

Supply Experiment of the Experimental Housing Allowance Program. Measuring Homeowner Needs for Housing Assistance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper was prepared as part of the Supply Experiment, which is a major component of the Experimental Housing Allowance Program. The Supply Experiment is designed to test the market and community response to a full-scale housing allowance program and to...

L. Helbers

1978-01-01

496

Affordable Housing: Local Techniques That Work.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The findings of five recent housing cost demonstration projects indicate that local governments can significantly reduce single - family housing production costs by providing flexibility in development codes and decreasing the processing time required to ...

1981-01-01

497

75 FR 8393 - Housing Counseling Training Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5376-N-09] Housing Counseling Training Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information...lists the following information: Title of Proposal: Housing Counseling Training Program. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0567....

2010-02-24

498

New Trends in Student Housing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the influence of residence halls in supporting a college's admissions and recruiting process for attracting highly qualified students. It explores the trends in student housing needs and how a school can meet those needs, and examines possible funding solutions for dormitory renovations. Recommendations for developing housing strategies…

Koch, David; Wesse, David; Stickney, Robert

1999-01-01

499

International Finance and Domestic Financial Market Development: The Case of Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The order of financial market reform in Indonesia, which largely preceded real sector liberalization, was unusual as the external capital account was opened prior to domestic financial market reform. It is posited that changes in financial market policies in Indonesia were strongly influenced by changing circumstances in Indonesia's access to external finance and to changing conditions in international financial markets.

WILLIAM E. JAMES

500

A Case Study of Marketing Effects on Global Distribution Logistics Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mutual interaction of marketing and logistics has been widely described in academic articles. For almost a century, many scholars and practitioners have recognised the close relationship between marketing and logistics activities in a marketing channel. Business philosophies such as JIT, QR and ECR implicitly emphasise this relationship as well. However, there is often a gap between marketing and logistics

Jukka HEMILÄ; Jyri PÖTRY