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1

Housing Market Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing submarkets are typically defined as geographic areas where the price per unit of housing quantity (defined using some index of housing characteristics) is constant. This paper defines housing markets as geographic areas where (1) the price of housing (per unit of service) is constant and (2) individual housing characteristics are available for purchase. We examine housing market segmentation within

Allen C. Goodman; Thomas G. Thibodeau

1998-01-01

2

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Lucija Muehlenbachs © notice, is given to the source. #12;The Housing Market Impacts of Shale Gas Development Lucija to control for confounding factors, we recover hedonic estimates of property value impacts from shale gas

Habib, Ayman

3

Spatial Analysis on Future Housing Markets: Economic Development and Housing Implications  

PubMed Central

A coupled projection method combining formal modelling and other statistical techniques was developed to delineate the relationship between economic and social drivers for net new housing allocations. Using the example of employment growth in Tyne and Wear, UK, until 2016, the empirical analysis yields housing projections at the macro- and microspatial levels (e.g., region to subregion to elected ward levels). The results have important implications for the strategic planning of locations for housing and employment, demonstrating both intuitively and quantitatively how local economic developments affect housing demand. PMID:24892097

Liu, Xin; Wang, Lizhe

2014-01-01

4

A Functional Housing Market  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

High school teacher Susan Boone asks students to complete mathematical problems on housing prices using the Internet at the Functional Housing Market lesson site. Detailed instructions are provided, and a collection of real estate links from Houston, TX and beyond gives students a sense of real estate information on the Web.

5

Housing markets : Mexico  

E-print Network

What, When and Where to Develop? The purpose of this study is to help find the major areas of opportunity for housing development and production in Mexico. The thesis intends to help developers in their eternal quest for ...

Solórzano M., Ricardo M. (Ricardo Miguel Solórzano Macías)

2009-01-01

6

Segmentation in Urban Housing Markets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the hypothesis that urban housing markets are segmented, in the sense that significantly different prices per unit of housing services exist contemporaneously in spatially or structurally defined markets, is tested. A main conclusion is that the market is working fairly efficiently to eliminate price premiums and discounts.…

Schnare, Ann B.; Struyk, Raymond J.

1976-01-01

7

Sustainable construction in Mexican housing markets  

E-print Network

This thesis examines recent developments in Mexico's housing markets as an example of how sustainable construction is being adapted and applied in developing countries. The recognition that the construction, operation, and ...

Jung, Bomee

2007-01-01

8

Housing Markets and School Financing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As school quality improves, does the housing market reflect buyers' perception of that change? In 1993, Texas implemented Senate Bill 7 (S.B. 7), commonly known as the Robin Hood financing of local schools, wherein some of the property tax revenues from wealthy school districts are redistributed to less wealthy districts. Data from Dallas County…

Loubert, Linda

2005-01-01

9

Essays on Neighborhood Transition and Housing Markets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents new evidence on neighborhood transition and its impact on housing markets using a novel micro-level dataset on housing transactions. It focuses on three issues: the neighborhood effect, housing discrimination, and stable integration. The first essay examines the relationship between increased minority composition and…

Casey, Marcus D.

2009-01-01

10

24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Regulations § 200.625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant...supplied by the Department information indicating his affirmative fair housing marketing plan to comply with...

2010-04-01

11

Price dynamics in public and private housing markets in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In down-payment constrained housing consumption models, increases in house prices could trigger household mobility decisions in housing markets. This study empirically tests house price dynamics associated with the mobility of households in the public resale and private housing markets in Singapore. The results show that stochastic permanent breaks were found in the public housing resale prices and private housing prices.

Tien-Foo Sing; I-Chun Tsai; Ming-Chi Chen

2006-01-01

12

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS Local Governments; Contents of Consolidated Plan § 91.210 Housing market...of family served) of units currently assisted by local, state, or federally funded programs, and...

2010-04-01

13

Tax policy, housing markets, and elderly homeowners  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three essays studying the impact of tax policy on housing markets and elderly homeowners. Chapter One examines the potential lock-in effect of capital gains taxation on home sales, using the ...

Shan, Hui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

14

Reforms in housing sector in India: impact on housing development and housing amenities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing sector in India for several decades faced a number of set-backs, such as an unorganized market, development disparities, a compartmentalized development approach and a deterrent rent control system. There was not even a concerted attempt to understand the housing problem let alone promote it. Reforms introduced in the sector during the 1990s, however, have overturned the situation to

M. Mahadeva

2006-01-01

15

Panel data analyses of urban economics and housing markets  

E-print Network

The thesis looks three pertinent issues in Housing Market and Urban Economics literature with panel data- home sales and house price relationship, efficiency of housing market and commercial property taxation. For the first ...

Lee, Nai Jia

2009-01-01

16

Affordable homeownership policy : Implications for housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. This paper aims to examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the

Sock-Yong Phang

2010-01-01

17

Affordable homeownership policy : implications for housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. In this paper, we examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the targeted sector. We use

Sock-Yong Phang

2009-01-01

18

Affordable homeownership policy: implications for housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. In this paper, we examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government. The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the targeted sector. We use

Sock Yong Phang

2009-01-01

19

LOCATION-DOMINANT HOUSING MARKETS: EVIDENCE FROM BEIJING  

E-print Network

analyzes price tradeoffs between residential quality and location factors in the Beijing housing market. Unlike most housing markets, location factors completely dominate housing prices in this market. The main. To highlight these location-dominance effects, we present a comparative analysis of housing prices in central

Smith, Tony E.

20

Affordable Homeownership Policy: Implications for Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Affordable homeownership is a policy that is often accorded a great deal of policy attention by governments of many countries. This paper aims to examine the market implications of setting a housing price to income ratio target for a market segment by the government.\\u000aDesign\\/methodology\\/approach – The policy requires active intervention by the government with regard to the

Sock Yong PHANG-LIM

2010-01-01

21

7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.353 Affirmative fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must...

2010-01-01

22

Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market  

E-print Network

geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking prices boom and bust. Because the housing market is closely related to the financial system and plays of housing markets are rarely studied, mainly due to the short length of house price indices, where

Stanley, H. Eugene

23

Housing market report Australian capital cities and Gold Coast  

E-print Network

of the usual repeat of a prices breakout in the housing market. These will be offset by concerns over lingering11 Sep11 Mar12 Sep12 Mar13 source: RBA Houses Median price Quarterly change Yearly change Sydney $658Housing market report Australian capital cities and Gold Coast residential property market February

Peters, Richard

24

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash  

E-print Network

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash 19 roundwood prices into record highs. Total removals in the UNECE region reached 1.3 billion m3, only

25

Internet use and the duration of buying and selling in the residential housing market, economic incentives and voting  

E-print Network

In this study we examine the impact of internet use on the duration of non-sequential search in the housing market. We develop a model of partial equilibrium in the housing market which suggests an ambiguous effect on the ...

D'Urso, Victoria Tanusheva, 1975-

2002-01-01

26

Evaluation of Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing in Region IV.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effectiveness and impact of the Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Program were investigated. Multifamily housing occupancy data were examined and HUD personnel, management agents, and resident managers were interviewed in HUD Region IV. A majo...

1980-01-01

27

24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the plan must describe the significant characteristics of the State's housing markets (including such aspects as the supply, demand, and condition and cost of housing). (b) Homeless facilities. The plan must include a brief...

2010-04-01

28

The Baby Boom, The Baby Bust, and the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of major demographic changes on the housing market in the United States. The entry of the Baby Boom generation into its house-buying years is found to be the major cause of the increase in real housing prices in the l97Os. Since the Baby Bust generation is now entering its house-buying years, housing demand will grow

N. Gregory Mankiw; David N. Weil

1990-01-01

29

Chinese housing mixology : considerations for the successful development of mixed-income housing  

E-print Network

In recent years, the Chinese government transformed their national system of housing provision and introduced market mechanisms. The consequent boom in residential real estate development and the emergence of speculative ...

Chan, Janelle (Janelle Jie-Ying)

2007-01-01

30

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Periodicals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) publishes periodicals aimed towards urban development professionals, policy makers, and scholars. This website brings all of these periodicals together in one place, and visitors can look through current and past issues of "Cityscape", and the quarterly report, "U.S. Housing Market Conditions". For those interested in a more general-interest publication, "Cityscape" is a good bet, as it contains pieces on housing vouchers, ethnically diverse urban neighborhoods, and the legacy of the Fair Housing Act. Finally, the "U.S. Housing Market Conditions" reports consist of statistical data and written reports on the quarterly status of economic and housing market trends for 10 geographical regions.

2006-01-01

31

Does hazardous water matter? : evidence from the housing market and the Superfund program  

E-print Network

This paper uses the housing market to develop estimates of the local welfare impacts of Superfund sponsored clean-ups of hazardous waste sites. We show that if consumers value the clean-ups, then the hedonic model predicts ...

Greenstone, Michael

2006-01-01

32

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...to serve persons with disabilities, and to serve other low-income persons with special needs, including persons with HIV/AIDS and their families. Data on the housing market should include, to the extent information is available, an...

2011-04-01

33

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

...available to serve persons with disabilities, and to serve other low-income persons with special needs, including persons with HIV/AIDS and their families. Data on the housing market should include, to the extent information is available, an...

2014-04-01

34

Market, to market - experience in solar design for mass-production housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efforts of a moderately-large building firm to design and refine a solar radiant floor slab heating and nocturnal cooling system are described. Cost-efficient installation and operation are basic to the system. The design process towards these goals is described. This central California developer's privately funded, self-motivated work in innovative solar design is aimed at the mid-priced housing market. Fifteen

Juchau

1981-01-01

35

Rising House Prices in an Open Labour Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the consequences of rising house prices for the openness of the Irish labour market. Since many immigrants are in the household formation age group, and tend to be highly skilled, we argue that the boom in house prices, by reducing the attractiveness of Ireland for potential immigrants, could reduce labour supply. Using a structural model of the labour

David Duffy; John Fitz Gerald; Ide Kearney

2005-01-01

36

The implications of mortgage finance on housing market affordability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The downturn in the residential housing market in Northern Ireland (NI) has been the most pronounced of any UK region, with house prices contracting circa 40 per cent between 2007Q3 and 2009Q4. The downturn at first glance appears to have increased the “ability to afford” however this is nonetheless a “false dawn”. Significant deposit levels coupled with a

Michael McCord; Stanley McGreal; Jim Berry; Martin Haran; Peadar Davis

2011-01-01

37

Endogenous Market Segmentation and the Volatility of House Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study an economy where households face transactions costs of participating in the housing market. In response to these costs, households choose to buy and sell houses infrequently. This, in turn, implies that the value of the typical transaction is large relative to income. In this way our model captures two essential features of household-level adjustments to residential capital. Moreover,

Julia Thomas; Aubhik Khan

2009-01-01

38

Does Hazardous Waste Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market and the Superfund Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the housing market to develop estimates of the local welfare impacts of Superfund-sponsored cleanups of hazardous waste sites. We show that if consumers value the cleanups, then the hedonic model predicts that they will lead to increases in local housing prices and new home construction, as well as the migration of individuals that place a high value

Michael Greenstone; Justin Gallagher

2008-01-01

39

Developing a Marketing Plan  

E-print Network

Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-03-02

40

Crippled Housing Market Complicates Recruiting Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a house languishing in the real-estate doldrums of southwestern Ohio, Edward F. Leonard III and his family have lived apart since he took over as president of Bethany College, in Kansas, nearly a year ago. Their situation is like that of many faculty members and administrators frustrated by housing prices across the country. Existing-home…

Moser, Kate

2008-01-01

41

78 FR 38070 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice...and HUD-935.2C Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...applicant's proposed actions to carry out the Affirmative Fair Housing...

2013-06-25

42

Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market.  

PubMed

Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975-2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles. PMID:24413626

Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H Eugene

2014-01-01

43

Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975-2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles.

Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H. Eugene

2014-01-01

44

Asymmetries in Housing and Financial Market Institutions and EMU  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite convergence pressures, differences in housing and financial market institutions across the 15 member states of the European Union are still enormous. This paper argues that they have profound effects on the responsiveness of output and inflation in the different countries to changes in short-term interest rates, as well as to asset-market shocks of external origin. The economic reasoning behind

Duncan Maclennan; John Muellbauer; Mark Stephens

1998-01-01

45

Spatial aggregation, spatial dependence and predictability in the UK housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most time?series studies of UK housing markets are carried out on national data. However, housing markets may be better characterised as a series of interconnected sub?national markets. In this paper, we use methods taken from the spatial econometrics literature and from cointegration to explore the nature of spatial interactions in UK regional house prices and housing starts. The three central

Geoffrey Meen

1996-01-01

46

Silver bullet or trojan horse? The effects of inclusionary zoning on local housing markets in the United States.  

PubMed

Many local governments are adopting inclusionary zoning (IZ) as a means of producing affordable housing without direct public subsidies. In this paper, panel data on IZ in the San Francisco metropolitan area and suburban Boston are used to analyse how much affordable housing the programmes produce and how IZ affects the prices and production of market-rate housing. The amount of affordable housing produced under IZ has been modest and depends primarily on how long IZ has been in place. Results from suburban Boston suggest that IZ has contributed to increased housing prices and lower rates of production during periods of regional house price appreciation. In the San Francisco area, IZ also appears to increase housing prices in times of regional price appreciation, but to decrease prices during cooler regional markets. There is no evidence of a statistically significant effect of IZ on new housing development in the Bay Area. PMID:21275196

Schuetz, Jenny; Meltzer, Rachel; Been, Vicki

2011-01-01

47

Agent-based Housing Market Microsimulation for Integrated Land Use, Transportation, Environment Model System  

E-print Network

The Housing Market Evolutionary System (HoMES) is the updated housing market module for the Integrated Land Use, Transportation, Environment (ILUTE) model system. HoMES is a disaggregate, agent-based microsimulation of the ...

Rosenfield, Adam

48

Price Dispersion in the Housing Market: The Role of Bargaining and Search Costs  

E-print Network

Price Dispersion in the Housing Market: The Role of Bargaining and Search Costs Gaetano Lisi a basic fact of housing markets: price dispersion. The variance in house prices is basically due to both the deal. Furthermore, the house price is substantially determined by bargaining between the parties

Boyer, Edmond

49

Better Homes and Families: Housing Markets and Young Couple Stability in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I model the relationship between aspects of the housing market influenced by housing policy and couple stability for cohabiting couples in Sweden. Using data on 3,851 cohabiting couples obtained from the Swedish Family Survey of 1992, I examine the effects of housing market characteristics on couple outcomes. I focus on three housing variables,…

Lauster, Nathanael T.

2008-01-01

50

Financial markets in development, and the development of financial markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is the relationship between markets and development? It is argued that markets promote growth, and that growth in turn encourages the formation of markets. Two models with endogenous market formation are presented to analyze this issue. The first examines the role that financial markets — banks and stock markets — play in allocating funds to the highest valued use

Jeremy Greenwood; Bruce D. Smith

1997-01-01

51

Amidst housing market problems, municipalities seek to stem urban decay and affordable housing remains out of reach for many  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housing Rebound Unlikely Before 2009http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=a4nfoY47rBfo&refer=homeFEMA spends almost $3B on emergency housinghttp://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-08-25-katrina_N.htmAdvocates assail suburbs for fighting housing ruleshttp://www.courierpostonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080826/NEWS01/808260371/1006/news01gACORN Housing Corporation [pdf]http://www.acornhousing.org/index.phpU.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development [pdf]http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/affordablehousing/index.cfmEconomists and real estate experts reported this week that U.S. housing prices declined for a fourth straight month, and this news was most unwelcome to those still facing foreclosure on their homes and those who live in large urban areas hit hardest by the housing crisis. The New York Times reported this week that a number of cities (such as Boston and San Diego) are now utilizing both private funds and taxpayer money to buy foreclosed properties in economically isolated and depressed neighborhoods in order to prevent these areas from sliding into urban decay. Not surprisingly, the sale of foreclosed homes to municipalities, along with private investors and others, led to a 3.1 percent increase in home sales during the month of July. Municipalities believe that buying up these properties and rehabilitating them will breathe new life into neighborhoods riddled with foreclosed property and the consequences of urban decay are not lost on municipal leaders, as Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino commented, "Our job as the city government is to restore these neighborhoods. We can't let this cancer continue." Despite the continued decline in housing prices, affordable housing for low and middle-income families remains out of reach in a number of large cities across the United States, including Boston, Seattle, and New York. On a final note, it appears that there will be another type of housing crisis across the Gulf Coast in the coming months, as FEMA prepares to eliminate housing subsidies for thousands of persons displaced by Hurricane Katrina on March 1st. The first link will take users to a New York Times article from this past Monday that offers insight into the efforts of municipalities to purchase foreclosed properties in order to combat neighborhood deterioration. The second link leads to a piece of reporting from Bloomberg's Alison Vekshin that indicates that the housing market will most likely not rebound until the middle of 2009. Moving on, the third link leads to an USA Today article from this Tuesday that reports on FEMA's spending on emergency housing throughout the Gulf Coast region. The fourth link leads to a trenchant piece from this Tuesday's Courier-Post (Cherry Hill, NJ) about the efforts made by wealthier suburbs across New Jersey to keep affordable housing from being built in their communities. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the ACORN Housing Corporation, which works to build affordable housing across the United States. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) thematic policy program dedicated to creating and supporting new affordable housing developments.

2008-08-29

52

24 CFR 888.115 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of publication. 888.115 Section 888.115 Housing and...Rents § 888.115 Fair market rents for existing housing: Manner of publication. FMRs will be published at least...

2010-04-01

53

Tax Subsidies to Owner-occupied Housing: An Asset-Market Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inflation reduces the effective cost of homeownership and raises the tax sub- sidy to owner occupation. This paper presents an asset-market model of the hous- ing market and estimates how changes in the expected inflation rate affect the real price of houses and the equilibrium size of the housing capital stock. Simu- lation results suggest that the accelerating inflation of

JAMES M. POTERBA

1984-01-01

54

Did the Housing Price Bubble Clobber Local Labor Market Job and Worker Flows When It Burst?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use the Census Bureau's Quarterly Workforce Indicators and the Federal Housing Finance Agency's House Price Indices to study the effects of the housing price bubble on local labor markets. We show that the 35 MSAs in the top decile of the house price boom were most severely impacted. Their stable job employment fell much more than the national average.

John M. Abowd; Lars Vilhuber

2012-01-01

55

Do Landlords Discriminate? The Incidence and Causes of Racial Discrimination in Rental Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrimination in housing markets occurs when equally qualified people are treated differently because of their membership in a particular group. This study focuses on racial and ethnic discrimination in qualitative actions by landlords, such as making an advertised housing unit available for inspection by a customer. The data come from the Housing Discrimination study, which conducted over 1500 rental housing

Jan Ondrich; Alex Stricker; John Yinger

1999-01-01

56

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy Investment Green Houses Meet the Team and Contributors August2010 European House Prices Comparing recent European house price trends: An absence of continental drift? School of Architecture, Design

Evans, Paul

57

Development of Basic Housing Systems for Maximum Affordability  

SciTech Connect

The ability to provide safe, habitable, comfortable housing for very low income residents within the target budget of $10,000 presents unique design and construction challenges. However, a number of preliminary conclusions have been inferred as being important concepts relative to the study of affordable housing. The term affordable housing can have many meanings and research is needed to define this explicitly. As it is most often used, affordable housing refers to an economic relationship between the price of housing, household income and current interest rates available from a lending institution. There is no direct relationship between architectural style, construction technology or user needs and the concept of affordability. For any home to be affordable, the home owner must balance the combination of housing needs and desires within the limits of an actual budget. There are many misconceptions that affordable housing must be defined as housing for those who cannot afford the free-market price. The concept of affordable housing must also include a component that recognizes the quality of the housing as an important element of the design and construction. In addition, responses to local climate impacts are necessary and are always part of a regional expression of architectural design. By using careful planning and design it may be possible to construct a limited dwelling unit today for a sum of approximately $10,000. Since the organization of the construction process must involve the owner/occupants as well as other volunteers, the project must not only be well conceived, but well developed and coordinated.

Aglan, H.; Gibbons, A.; McQueen, T.M.; Morris, C.; Raines, J.; Wendt, R.L.

1999-04-19

58

78 FR 19727 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment...Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan AGENCY...lists the following information: Title of Proposal...Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan...the need for the information and proposed use...their intent (marketing efforts) to...

2013-04-02

59

Estate-level facility provision and management in market-rate and resettlement coexisting housing compounds  

E-print Network

Market-rate and resettlement coexisting housing compound (MRCHC) is a special model of mixed-income neighborhood merging with the dilapidated housing renewal in the major cities of China. The provision and management of ...

Bai, Jie, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

60

Japan's manufactured housing capability. A review of the industry and assessment of future impact on the US market  

SciTech Connect

The Japanese have what is generally recognized as the most advanced manufactured housing capability in the world. With heavy reliance on computerized design and inventory control systems, assembly-line production, robotics and sizable research and development budgets, Japan has developed a high-tech housing approach distinct from that found in the United States. Japan's manufactured housing capability and its benefits in producing high quality housing at an affordable price are surveyed. The housing market in Japan and the United States will be compared and the potential impact of Japanese manufactured housing on the United States assessed. Though Japan's manufactured housing capability offers great promise, there are several issues that limit the direct import of these technologies as currently practiced to the United States. Among these obstacles are: (1) inappropriate heating and cooling systems and levels of energy conservation for many areas of the US; (2) the high cost of capitalizing major new housing plants; (3) the design inflexibility of some manufactured housing products; and (4) the difficulty of marketing a mass-produced housing product in the US with its differing regional and local building codes.

Sackett, J.G.

1986-05-01

61

The Sour Side of Today's Housing Market: Testing internal relationships and understanding the composition of today's market.  

E-print Network

) ................................................................... pg 5 3. Previous Studies 3.1 Effect of Distressed Homes on Housing Prices . As a result, focus on housing prevailed throughout the country, as calls for continued price gains grew louderThe Sour Side of Today's Housing Market: Testing internal relationships and understanding

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

62

Housing tenure and labor market impacts: The search goes on  

E-print Network

We develop two search-theoretic models emphasizing firm entry to examine the Oswald hypothesis, the idea that homeownership is linked to inferior labor market outcomes, and compare their predictions to three extant theories. ...

Coulson, N. Edward

63

Developing the Indian capital market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of financial markets in India's economy has greatly expanded throughthe policy changes of the early 1990s. In this article, we examine the weaknesses ofthe capital markets as of late 1997, and focus on the policy issues in developing thecapital markets. The treatment here focusses on the emerging roles for banks andmarkets, the primary and secondary markets for equity,

Ajay Shah; Susan Thomas Indira Gandhi

1999-01-01

64

Analysis of The Housing Market in the Metropolitan Areas in the United States  

E-print Network

The housing market plays a significant role in shaping the economic and social well-being of U.S. households. It helps spur U.S. economic growth when house prices rise, and drags the economic growth when house prices drop. In this dissertation...

Li, Yarui

2013-12-04

65

On housing booms and credit market conditions: A state space model  

E-print Network

increasing housing price since 1990s in the US? Focus: the role of the credit market conditions 1 #12 and securitization on the house prices: Real mortgage rates: financial costs (user cost approach, Poterba, 1984 of real rates on the housing prices are either weak or not significant: Mankiw and Weil (1989), Glaeser

Krivobokova, Tatyana

66

Housing Market Effects of Public School Desegregation: The Case of Dallas, Texas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of a court-ordered school desegregation plan on neighborhood housing markets in Dallas, Texas, using three market indicators: price, housing turnover, and utilization of conventional credit. Finds no significant effects on these indicators in any of the five neighborhoods studied. (Author/CMG)

Hula, Richard G.

1984-01-01

67

Prejudice and Discrimination in the Urban Housing Market. Discussion Paper D77-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews what is known about the effects of prejudice and discrimination on the urban housing market. Particular attention is given to distinguishing the effects of prejudice from the effects of discrimination. Theories about prejudice and discrimination in the urban housing market are reviewed and tested against available evidence.…

Yinger, John

68

Developing a better shell for lab house  

SciTech Connect

The Residential Integrated Systems Application project is the initial effort of a home building research and development consortium consisting of building products manufacturers and an A/E firm. The objective is to develop methods to construct homes that are energy efficient, environmentally responsive, offer improved quality and are affordable. The construction technology must be cost effective and acceptable to a wide range of builders across the country. The US Department of Energy also provided support. One of the consortium`s purposes is to initiate applications research into home building. Starting in 1992 with design research, the project has progressed through producing technical mock-ups to building comparative lab houses. In the initial stages of investigation, every component of house construction was examined to determine better ways to build. Current methods were evaluated and shortcomings noted. After this initial assessment new house construction was proposed.

Holton, J.K. [Burt Hill Kosar Rittelmann Associates, Butler, PA (United States)

1997-11-01

69

Examining Policies to Reduce Homelessness Using a General Equilibrium Model of the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we use a general equilibrium simulation model to assess the potential impacts on homelessness of various housing-market policy interventions. We calibrate the model to the four largest metropolitan areas in California. We explore the welfare con- sequences and the effects on homelessness of three housing-market policy interventions: extending housing vouchers to all low-income households, subsidizing all landlords,

Erin Mansur; John M. Quigley; Steven Raphael; Eugene Smolensky

2003-01-01

70

Examining policies to reduce homelessness using a general equilibrium model of the housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we use a general equilibrium simulation model to assess the potential impacts on homelessness of various housing-market policy interventions. We calibrate the model to the four largest metropolitan areas in California. We explore the welfare consequences and the effects on homelessness of three housing-market policy interventions: extending housing vouchers to all low-income households, subsidizing all landlords, and

Erin T. Mansur; John M. Quigley; Steven Raphael; Eugene Smolensky

2002-01-01

71

Using state and metropolitan area house price cycles to interpret the U. S. housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This brief examines the numerous house price cycles in states and metropolitan areas since the 1970s, drawing lessons that may be informative for analyzing and projecting national patterns. It finds that house sales volumes, new home construction, and mortgage delinquencies have provided leading indicators when a statewide house price boom was nearing an end, but that house prices have rarely

Yolanda K. Kodrzycki; Nelson Gerew

2006-01-01

72

Marketing Instructional Development Internally, Externally.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This description of the marketing process as a practical way to manage the function of instruction development emphasizes the importance of the identification and evaluation of customer needs before developing objectives. To assist the instructional development agency in focusing on this aspect of planning, a check list of possible marketing

Lied, James

73

Market Development And Efficiency In Emerging Stock Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1990's emerging stock markets evolved from small, shallow, speculative markets into sizeable and liquid markets. If there is any relationship between market development and efficiency, it must show up in market efficiency tests over time. This conjecture is analyzed empirically, applying joint variance ratio (VR) test on weekly real Wednesday and Friday returns for 18 emerging stock markets over

Kamil Yilmaz

2001-01-01

74

The unfulfilled promise of neoliberal housing policy : how the dynamics of the rental housing market influence the spatial concentration of voucher holders in New York City  

E-print Network

This thesis seeks to understand how rental housing market dynamics-particularly landlord behavior, and the policies and players that shape it-contribute to the spatial clustering of households that participate in the Housing ...

Yaskil, Dara N. (Dara Nora)

2014-01-01

75

Rationing in the Market for New Housing David Sunding  

E-print Network

-constructed homes in three inland counties. The es- timated shadow price of new housing is in excess of $85,000 per of Pittsburgh Abstract The paper investigates the possibility that regulation influences the price of housing on the standard treatment of land as a factor of housing production and assume that regulation affects the price

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

76

Bayou Vista: A Market-Driven Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case touches on several areas of marketing: ethics, sales issues, conflicts of interest, marketing forecasts, and issues of pricing. Joe Brice, the visionary and real estate broker for a 36-lot subdivision of moderately priced single-family homes targeting the $190,000 to $260,000 range, seems to have identified an unmet housing market,…

Izzo, G. Martin; Teal, Elisabeth J.

2012-01-01

77

Sustainable Housing in the Urban Context: International Sustainable Development Indicator Sets and Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing, an essential aspect of quality of life, is also significant for sustainable development (SD). All of the major international\\u000a statements on SD refer to housing or settlement strategies. However, indicator sets derived from these statements often fail\\u000a to include good indicators of sustainable housing. This article outlines the conceptualisation of SD and housing from the\\u000a international statements. It proceeds

Nessa Winston; Montserrat Pareja Eastaway

2008-01-01

78

Factors for Bioenergy Market Development  

SciTech Connect

Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the potentials for bioenergy market growth to be used by decision makers in administration and industry. The conclusions are based on case studies of operating bioenergy markets in Austria, US and Sweden. Six important factors for bioenergy market growth have been identified: (1) Integration with other business, e.g. for biomass procurement, (2) Scale effects of bioenergy market, (3) Competition on bioenergy market, (4) Competition with other business, (5) National policy, (6) Local policy and local opinion. Different applications of the framework are discussed.

Roos, A.; Hektor, B.; Graham, R.L.; Rakos, C.

1998-10-04

79

Momentum: "Developing Masterful Marketing Plans."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how directors can plan and develop a written marketing plan which can increase enrollment at child care centers. Components of successful marketing plans include parent retention; program merchandising; staff and director training; sales promotions; networking; and enrichment programs/fundraising. (NH)

Meservey, Lynne D.

1988-01-01

80

Racial Discrimination in the Boston Housing Market. Discussion Paper D76-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes three theories of racial discrimination by arguing that a dual housing market, a strong white taste for segregation, and pure racial price discrimination are all operative in the Boston urbanized area. Research dealing with discrimination and price differentials in housing for blacks is reviewed. It is pointed out that there…

Schafer, Robert

81

Space and energy conservation housing prototype unit development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Construction plans are discussed for a house which will demonstrate the application of advanced technology to minimize energy requirements and to help direct further development in home construction by defining the interaction of integrated energy and water systems with building configuration and construction materials. Housing unit designs are provided and procedures for the analysis of a variety of housing strategies are developed.

Sunshine, D. R.

1975-01-01

82

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac in Nonmetropolitan Housing Markets: Does Space Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates variations in government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) market shares among a sample of 426 nonmetropolitan counties in 8 census divisions. Con- ventional conforming mortgage originations are estimated using residential sales data adjusted to exclude Government-insured and nonconforming loans. Multivariate analysis is used to investigate whether GSE market shares differ significantly by location, after controlling for the economic, demographic, housing

Heather I. MacDonald

83

Rent adjustment mechanism for the multifamily housing market  

E-print Network

This study has analyzed the rent adjustment mechanism for the multifamily rental housing in the US during the period 1993-2003 for twenty-four US metropolitan areas. The rent adjustment model employed incorporates the ...

Yun, Lee-Young, 1976-

2003-01-01

84

77 FR 70177 - Multifamily Housing Mortgage and Housing Assistance Restructuring Program (Mark to Market)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...subject proposal. The Mark to Market Program is authorized...for participation in the Mark to Market program and...Debt Assgn--TPA Post Restr (Form/Apdx C...for participation in the Mark to Market program and...Debt Assgn--TPA Post Restr (Form/Apdx...

2012-11-23

85

Does Air Quality Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We exploit the structure of the Clean Air Act to provide new evidence on the capitalization of total suspended particulates (TSPs) air pollution into housing values. This legislation imposes strict regulations on polluters in "nonattainment" counties, which are defined by concentrations of TSPs that exceed a federally set ceiling. TSPs…

Chay, Kenneth Y.; Greenstone, Michael

2005-01-01

86

Essays on the functioning of housing and labor markets  

E-print Network

The first chapter consists of my job-market paper. The foreclosure rate of sub-prime mortgages increased markedly across 2003-2007 borrower cohorts-sub-prime mortgages originated in 2006- 2007 were roughly three times more ...

Palmer, Christopher John

2014-01-01

87

New housing in old Chinatown : barriers and incentives to affordable housing development  

E-print Network

In the 1970s and 80s, the rapid development of San Francisco's Financial District encroached upon Chinatown's intimately-scaled neighborhood. Developers took whole city blocks that housed low-income immigrants to build the ...

Tan, Bryant

2008-01-01

88

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...housing developments subject to required conversion. 972.124 Section 972.124...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

89

Test Marketing in New Product Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of test marketing in new product development, based on interviews with marketing executives. Attempts to clarify when a test market should be done, what its aims should be, and how it should be used. (JG)

Klompmaker, Jay E.; And Others

1976-01-01

90

Holistic revitalization in small post-industrial cities : tools for urban housing development  

E-print Network

For generations, housing programs have sought to utilize redevelopment projects to accomplish broader community revitalization goals. Contemporary affordable housing practice embodies this idea in large housing development ...

Beam, Jeffrey (Jeffrey J.)

2009-01-01

91

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply ­ Paul Royston Prospect of house prices ­ Michael White Prices and affordability ­ Dean Garratt Mortgage property newsletter. This edition's feature and editorial focus is: ·Prospects for house prices

Evans, Paul

92

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply'll also cover house price analysis, affordability, supply of new property, investment, Tree Preservation, but there have been worrying signs as this fragility appears to have impacted negatively on house prices over

Evans, Paul

93

Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments  

E-print Network

Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments: A Case Study on the Creation Integrating Photovoltaic Systems into Low-Income Housing Developments: A Case Study on the Creation of a New with integrating photovoltaic (PV) systems into existing financing models and the added cost to the new

94

CREATING A MODEL FOR GEODEMOGRAPHIC REPRESENTATIONS OF HOUSING MARKET ACTIVITY: A RESEARCH NOTE WITH POSSIBLE PUBLIC POLICY IMPLICATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the future of housing market research utilizing a new model for parcel-based evaluation. The new method addresses the shortcomings of the current standard unit of analysis, which looks at these markets on aggregate levels. By analyzing temporal changes in individual housing units or parcels, concrete conclusions can be drawn on the shifting of wealth in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Kenneth Steif

95

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Rapid City, South Dakota As of January 1, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rapid City, South Dakota Housing Market Area (HMA), located in the Black Hills of South Dakota, consists of Meade and Pennington Counties. The area is a tourist destination, with national attractions such as the Mount Rushmore National Memorial and th...

2008-01-01

96

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Omaha-Council Bluffs, Nebraska-Iowa As of December 1, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Omaha-Council Bluffs Housing Market Area (HMA) is on the Nebraska-Iowa border, spanning the Missouri River. For purposes of this analysis, the HMA is divided into three submarkets: the Omaha submarket, comprising Douglas County, Nebraska; the Sarpy Co...

2013-01-01

97

House Prices and a Flood Event: An Empirical Investigation of Market Efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, house-price reactions to a first-time disastrous flood are investigated. Conventional wisdom predicted prices would decline and later regain lost value as the market forgot the flood. In fact, sample home prices do not fall immediately after the flood and do not later rise. On the other hand, when flood insurance premiums rise dramatically approximately one year after

Terrance R. Skantz; Thomas H. Strickland

1987-01-01

98

Using market information in product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The need for better links to the market as well as improved internal sharing and use of market information has been stressed as central for market-oriented product development. This paper aims to suggest a conceptual model for the identification of relevant market information (based on the understanding of consumers' vertical and horizontal decision structure) combined with considerations on

Helle Alsted Søndergaard; Hanne Harmsen

2007-01-01

99

Racial and Ethnic Discrimination in Urban Housing Markets: Evidence from a Recent Audit Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using audit data from HUD?s 1989 Housing Discrimination Study of 25 American cities, this paper analyzes the level and causes of one type of discrimination encountered by blacks and Hispanics during housing searches. A statistical model is developed that recognizes features of audit data not properly accounted for in previous studies. Estimates based on this model indicate that real estate

Marianne Page

1995-01-01

100

Upgrade energy building standards and develop rating system for existing low-income housing  

SciTech Connect

The city of Memphis Division of Housing and Community Development (HCD) receives grant funding each year from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to provide local housing assistance to low-income residents. Through the years, HCD has found that many of the program recipients have had difficulty in managing their households, particularly in meeting monthly financial obligations. One of the major operating costs to low-income households is the utility bill. Furthermore, HCD`s experience has revealed that many low-income residents are simply unaware of ways to reduce their utility bill. Most of the HCD funds are distributed to low-income persons as grants or no/low interest loans for the construction or rehabilitation of single-family dwellings. With these funds, HCD builds 80 to 100 new houses and renovates about 500 homes each year. Houses constructed or renovated by HCD must meet HUD`s minimum energy efficiency standards. While these minimum standards are more than adequate to meet local building codes, they are not as aggressive as the energy efficiency standards being promoted by the national utility organizations and the home building industry. Memphis Light, Gas and Water (MLGW), a city-owned utility, has developed an award-winning program named Comfort Plus which promotes energy efficiency{open_quote} in new residential construction. Under Comfort Plus, MLGW models house plans on computer for a fee and recommends cost-effective alterations which improve the energy efficiency of the house. If the builder agrees to include these recommendations, MLGW will certify the house and guarantee a maximum annual heating/cooling bill for two years. While the Comfort Plus program has received recognition in the new construction market, it does not address the existing housing stock.

Muller, D.; Norville, C. [Memphis and Shelby County Div. of Planning and Development, TN (United States)

1993-07-01

101

Donald Jones VP Global Strategy & Market Development  

E-print Network

Donald Jones VP Global Strategy & Market Development Qualcomm Life Don serves as Vice President of Global Strategy and Market Development for Qualcomm Life, a wholly owned subsidiary of Qualcomm, fitness and life sciences markets, and is recognized as a leader in the field. In 2005, he founded

Loudon, Catherine

102

Developing a strategic marketing plan for hospitals.  

PubMed

The initial stages of developing a strategic marketing plan for hospitals are explored in this excerpt from the book, The Role of the Hospital in an Aging Society: A Blueprint for Action. The elderly have unique perceptual, cognitive, social, and psychological needs and preferences, and a marketing strategy for eldercare services must reflect these factors, as well as the financial role of third-party payers and the decision-making influence of families and physicians. Among the elements the hospital must address when developing a marketing strategy are market selection and segmentation, targeting markets with specific services, pricing, and positioning the hospital for a maximum share of the eldercare market. PMID:10302744

Dychtwald, K; Zitter, M

1988-09-01

103

Probabilistic flows of inhabitants in urban areas and self-organization in housing markets  

E-print Network

We propose a simple probabilistic model to explain the spatial structure of the rent distribution of housing market in city of Sapporo. Here we modify the mathematical model proposed by Gauvin et. al. Especially, we consider the competition between two distances, namely, the distance between house and center, and the distance between house and office. Computer simulations are carried out to reveal the self-organized spatial structure appearing in the rent distribution. We also compare the resulting distribution with empirical rent distribution in Sapporo as an example of cities designated by ordinance. We find that the lowest ranking agents (from the viewpoint of the lowest `willing to pay') are swept away from relatively attractive regions and make several their own `communities' at low offering price locations in the city.

Hishikawa, Takao

2014-01-01

104

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...housing development organization. The funds must be...housing development organization, its subsidiary...its subsidiary is the managing general partner...subsidiary must be the managing general partner. In...housing development organization must have...

2010-04-01

105

76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal Year 2009...for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program. This announcement...Office of Rural Housing and Economic Development, Office of Community...

2011-02-18

106

Smokeless tobacco in Canada: deterring market development  

PubMed Central

DATA SOURCES—A review of the literature identified demographic, cultural, and marketing variables related to the uptake and continuation of smokeless tobacco use. Government and industry data on production, marketing, and consumption of smokeless tobacco products are presented.?METHODS—The Canadian and American markets are compared in terms of prevalence, consumption per capita, and marketing practices. Lessons to be learned from the well-orchestrated development of the American market in the past 30 years are examined. Canadian tobacco regulations are described. Strategies by which the increased exploitation of the Canadian smokeless tobacco market can be deterred are discussed.?CONCLUSIONS—A long-term, independently financed strategy built around a national smokeless tobacco de-marketing organisation with a constellation of private local institutions is suggested as a means of combating smokeless tobacco marketing efforts.???Keywords: smokeless tobacco; marketing; Canada PMID:10629248

Wyckham, R.

1999-01-01

107

75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT...Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning Grants and the Department...Transportation's TIGER II Planning Grants Correction...Department of Housing and Urban...

2010-07-02

108

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

2013-02-01

109

Developing a Social Media and Marketing Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the process used and experiences gained in developing a social media and marketing course. As the first known paper on this topic appearing in the marketing education literature, the paper provides educators with a framework for developing similar courses. The course was developed using a sound instructional design model, the…

Faulds, David J.; Mangold, W. Glynn

2014-01-01

110

The downside of marketization: A multilevel analysis of housing tenure and types in reform-era urban China.  

PubMed

Based on data from the 2005 National Population Sample Survey and compiled covariates of 205 prefectures, this research adopted principal-component and multilevel-logistic analyses to study homeownership in urban China. Although the housing reform has severed the link between work units and residence, working in state sectors (government, state-owned enterprises and collective firms) remained significant in determining a household's entitlement to reform-era housing with heavy subsidies or better qualities. While the prefecture-level index of marketization reduced local homeownership of self-built housing, affordable housing and privatized housing, its effect is moderated by cross-level interactions with income, education and working in state sectors across different types of housing. Meanwhile, the index of political and market connections promoted all types of homeownership except for self-built housing. By situating the downside of marketization within a context of urban transformation, this research not only challenges the teleological premise of the neoliberal market transition theory but calls for research on institutional dynamics and social consequences of urban transformation in China. PMID:25432608

Fu, Qiang; Zhu, Yushu; Ren, Qiang

2015-01-01

111

Getting Back on Tract: Developer Housing Re-energized  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problems of the suburban condition have been documented over the past few decades by urban planners and architects alike. However it is clear that demand for car-oriented developments remains high, and expansion of the suburbs with single family houses continues. Given this reality, this thesis focuses on the importance of developing a comprehensive design approach to tract housing that is more responsive to site, more energy efficient and less damaging to the environment. The work builds upon research that is being conducted through the Carleton Research & Innovation in Sustainable Energy Project (C-RISE). In collaboration with Urbandale Developers, C-RISE is studying the potential for making single family houses more energy efficient through passive solar design, building envelope, seasonal storage of solar thermal energy, hybrid passive-active storage of solar thermal energy, and passive and solar cooling. In light of this work, this thesis proposes a series of single family house designs that incorporate the C-RISE energy technologies and also address larger architectural issues around tract house and lot design.

Yeatman, Andrea

112

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2011-04-01

113

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2012-04-01

114

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2013-04-01

115

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2014-04-01

116

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2010-04-01

117

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

...and set forth in its written agreement with the community housing development organization the actual sales prices of the housing or the method by which the sales prices for the housing will be established and whether the proceeds must be...

2014-04-01

118

Housing  

MedlinePLUS

... AIDS.gov Mission and Team • Contact Us • Privacy Policy • Disclaimer Network blog.aids.gov • locator.aids.gov • facing.aids.gov • providertools.aids.gov • HIV/AIDS Service Locator Locator ... & Viewers HHS 508 Privacy Policy White House USA.gov This is an official ...

119

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Required Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

120

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC HOUSING TO TENANT-BASED ASSISTANCE Voluntary Conversion of Public Housing Developments...

2010-04-01

121

Housing development for plasma electrode pockel cells. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The ability to produce metal machined products with deep pockets and thin walls is a critical feature of the Kansas City Plant. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories` upgrade of the NOVA Laser in preparation for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) offered the opportunity to exercise and maintain this capability on a limited scope project. Their purpose was to evaluate the feasibility of replacing the current PEPC (plasma electrode pockel cell) housings with aluminum structurally robust housings and associated hardware. When completed, the National Ignition Facility will provide other alternatives for nuclear testing to maintain the enduring stockpile. The NOVA laser is the precursor to this development.

Stubenhofer, R.L.

1995-01-01

122

Housing and urban development research reports  

SciTech Connect

The sixth in a series of documents published by the Department of Housng and Urban Development (HUD) to assist in the formulation of policy decision contains 247 abstracts entered in the HUD USER automated data base during the past six months, bringing the data base total to 3,583 documents. There are 45 subject areas in the main section, with the abstracts in each area arranged alphabetically by title. Each abstract is identified by an order number and is followed by descriptive keywords. Other listings of the documents are alphabetical, numerical, by personal or corporate author, by contract and grant number, and by subject index.

Not Available

1984-01-01

123

New developments concerning the fair employment and housing act  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines the reasons for the California Fair Employment and Housing Act. Considers recent developments in relation to religious organizations, sexual harassment, pregnancy discrimination, racial harassment, disability discrimination and employment discrimination with regard to bank officers. Concludes that there is a need for clearer legislation and only through case law will employers gain further interpretation.

Anna M. Lococo; Brian H. Kleiner

2000-01-01

124

RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKETS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Renewable energy is shifting from the fringe to the mainstream of sustainable development. Past donor efforts achieved modest results but often were not sustained or replicated, which leads now to greater market orientation. Markets for rural household lighting with solar home systems, biogas, and small hydro power have expanded through rural entrepreneurship, government programs, and donor assistance, serving millions

Eric Martinot; Akanksha Chaurey; Debra Lew; Jose Roberto Moreira; Njeri Wamukonya

2002-01-01

125

Determinants of housing expenditure in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies estimate housing demand for developing countries. We contribute to the literature by estimating housing demand in Mexico, and analysing its main determinants. An advantage of this study is the use of market-based data of actual housing transactions. Our results show a strong positive influence of permanent and temporary income on housing demand.

Matias Fontenla; Fidel Gonzalez; Juan Carlos Navarro

2009-01-01

126

Housing conditions of low?income families in the private, unassisted housing market in the United states  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing conditions of low?income Americans, particularly those in or near poverty, have been documented in several government and private reports, as well as academic articles. These studies have either ignored or given scant attention to the differences in housing conditions between those families who receive various forms of public assistance and those who do not. Although most welfare programmes

C. Theodore Koebel

1997-01-01

127

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE HAZELNUTS GROWN IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market...

2014-01-01

128

7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...market development and promotion. 930.48 Section...Market Development and Promotion § 930.48 Research, market development and promotion. The Board, with...activities, including paid advertising, designed to...

2010-01-01

129

CENTER FOR FISCAL POLICY Expectation-Driven Cycles in the Housing Market  

E-print Network

that innovations to News on Business Conditions generate hump- shaped responses in house prices and other macroeconomic variables. We also show that innovations to Expectations of Rising House Prices are particularly of Rising House Prices. However, during housing booms, innovations to Expectations of Rising House Prices

Dalang, Robert C.

130

1996-2004 Trends in the Single-Family Housing Market: Spatial Analysis of the Residential Sector  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a detailed geographic analysis of two specific topics affecting the residential sector. First, we performed an analysis of new construction market trends using annual building permit data. We report summarized tables and national maps to help illustrate market conditions. Second, we performed a detailed geographic analysis of the housing finance market. We analyzed mortgage application data to provide citable statistics and detailed geographic summarization of the residential housing picture in the US for each year in the 1996-2004 period. The databases were linked to geographic information system tools to provide various map series detailing the results geographically. Looking at these results geographically may suggest potential new markets for TD programs addressing the residential sector that have not been considered previously. For example, we show which lenders affect which regions and which income or mortgage product classes. These results also highlight the issue of housing affordability. Energy efficiency R&D programs focused on developing new technology for the residential sector must be conscious of the costs of products resulting from research that will eventually impact the home owner or new home buyer. Results indicate that home values as a proportion of median family income in Building America communities are closely aligned with the national average of home value as a proportion of median income. Other key findings: • The share of home building and home buying activity continues to rise steadily in the Hot-Dry and Hot-Humid climate zones, while the Mixed-Humid and Cold climate zone shares continue to decline. Other zones remain relatively stable in terms of share of housing activity. • The proportion of home buyers having three times the median family income for their geography has been steadily increasing during the study period. • Growth in the Hispanic/Latino population and to a lesser degree in the Asian population has translated into proportional increases in share of home purchasing by both groups. White home buyers continue to decline as a proportion all home buyers. • Low interest rate climate resulted in lenders moving back to conventional financing, as opposed to government-backed financing, for cases that would be harder to financing in higher rate environments. Government loan products are one mechanism for affecting energy efficiency gains in the residential sector. • The rate environment and concurrent deregulation of the finance industry resulted unprecedented merger and acquisition activity among financial institutions during the study period. This study conducted a thorough accounting of this merger activity to inform the market share analysis provided. • The home finance industry quartiles feature 5 lenders making up the first quartile of home purchase loans, 18 lenders making up the second quartile, 111 lenders making up the third quartile, and the remaining nearly 8,000 lenders make up the fourth quartile.

Anderson, Dave M.; Elliott, Douglas B.

2006-09-05

131

The development of low volatile organic compound emission house—a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An aim in developing low volatile organic compound (VOCs) emission house is to reduce the level of VOCs in domestic housing. In this study, a case study for the reduction of exposure to VOCs from a newly constructed residential house was presented. Before application, the construction materials used in the house were tested in an environmental chamber and low VOC

H. Guo; F. Murray; S. C. Lee

2003-01-01

132

The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets  

PubMed Central

Persistent racial inequality in employment, housing, and a wide range of other social domains has renewed interest in the possible role of discrimination. And yet, unlike in the pre–civil rights era, when racial prejudice and discrimination were overt and widespread, today discrimination is less readily identifiable, posing problems for social scientific conceptualization and measurement. This article reviews the relevant literature on discrimination, with an emphasis on racial discrimination in employment, housing, credit markets, and consumer interactions. We begin by defining discrimination and discussing relevant methods of measurement. We then provide an overview of major findings from studies of discrimination in each of the four domains; and, finally, we turn to a discussion of the individual, organizational, and structural mechanisms that may underlie contemporary forms of discrimination. This discussion seeks to orient readers to some of the key debates in the study of discrimination and to provide a roadmap for those interested in building upon this long and important line of research. PMID:20689680

Pager, Devah; Shepherd, Hana

2010-01-01

133

Factors related to rapidity of housing placement in Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing program of 1990s.  

PubMed

The Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program is the largest supported housing program in the country for homeless veterans who are seeking rapid entry into permanent independent housing. This study examined factors related to how rapidly clients were housed in the early years of the program and how long they stayed in the program. Mental health, substance abuse, work/income, criminal history, and site were examined as predictors of process times. Regression analyses based on 627 HUD-VASH clients who entered the program between 1992 and 2003 showed that client characteristics were not rate-limiting factors for obtaining HUD-VASH housing; i.e., clients who had greater substance abuse problems or more extensive criminal histories did not take longer to obtain housing. The large differences associated with site of entry partly reflected a curvilinear relationship between the duration of operation of the HUD-VASH program and process times; i.e., at relatively younger and older programs, clients entered housing slightly faster than at programs in the middle range. Lastly, HUD-VASH clients whose case managers reported good therapeutic alliances stayed in the program longer. These findings have implications for the continued expansion of the HUD-VASH program. PMID:21938662

Tsai, Jack; O'Connell, Maria; Kasprow, Wesley J; Rosenheck, Robert A

2011-01-01

134

77 FR 22599 - Department of Housing and Urban Development Summary of Public Comments, Response to Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5580-N-03] Department of Housing and Urban Development Summary of Public Comments...Communities, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh Street SW...recommendations for an enterprise geospatial architecture for HUD. In recent years, HUD has...

2012-04-16

135

The impact of transit-oriented development on housing prices in San Diego, CA.  

PubMed

This research measures the influence of transit-oriented development (TOD) on the San Diego, CA, condominium market. Many view TOD as a key element in creating a less auto dependent and more sustainable transport system. Price premiums indicate a potential for a market-driven expansion of TOD inventory. A hedonic price model is estimated to isolate statistically the effect of TOD. This includes interaction terms between station distance and various measures of pedestrian orientation. The resulting model shows that station proximity has a significantly stronger impact when coupled with a pedestrian-oriented environment. Conversely, station area condominiums in more auto-oriented environments may sell at a discount. This indicates that TOD has a synergistic value greater than the sum of its parts. It also implies a healthy demand for more TOD housing in San Diego. PMID:21174895

Duncan, Michael

2011-01-01

136

KARORI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY MARKET DEVELOPMENT PROJECT  

E-print Network

KARORI WILDLIFE SANCTUARY MARKET DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Simon Milne, Julie Harris, Irena Ateljevic of the Karori Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS). We discussed the possible involvement of the NZTRI in developing in the broader Wellington tourism product and urban economy. The following report outlines the major findings

137

Developing marketing capabilities for customer value creation through Marketing–Sales integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The capacity to create superior customer value stems from the marketing capabilities a company possesses. A considerable body of research has indicated that market oriented companies have distinctive marketing capabilities which lead to superior organizational performance. Although it has been widely recognized that the development of marketing capabilities requires the joint effort of Marketing and Sales departments, almost no attention

Paolo Guenzi; Gabriele Troilo

2006-01-01

138

A Study of Certain Aspects of the South Dakota Housing Development Authority Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effectiveness of the South Dakota Housing Development Authority (SDHDA) in increasing the supply of mortgage money and new housing construction in the state is examined. The report focuses on the Single Family Home Ownership program and its impact on ...

R. J. Brown

1979-01-01

139

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2010-04-01

140

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2013-04-01

141

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2014-04-01

142

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2012-04-01

143

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2011-04-01

144

Municipal strategies for affordable housing : incenting an exacting public goods from private developers  

E-print Network

This thesis studies the next generation of municipal housing policy by asking, "How can cities effectively use the private-sector to promote affordable housing development?" In response, it looks at an array of public-sector ...

Goldstein, Ari Alowan

2007-01-01

145

The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

2009-01-01

146

Marketing and Development for Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 23 essays provides an overview of current marketing and resource development practices in community colleges. The first of the five sections in the book, "Organizing for Successful Advancement," contains chapters on "Organization of the Successful Institutional Office," by Nanette J. Smith; "The President and Institutional…

Ryan, G. Jeremiah, Ed.; Smith, Nanette J., Ed.

147

Symbiotic New Program Development through Marketing Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The applicability of marketing research to development of college programs in collaboration with other institutions or individuals is discussed. It is recommended that college administrators conduct ongoing environmental scanning to identify major opportunities for joint programs, forming research groups to screen basic ideas and explore program…

Urban, David J.; And Others

1993-01-01

148

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...development, and marketing promotion, including paid advertising, designed to...for such marketing promotion including paid advertising as may be authorized...expenditures for marketing promotion including paid advertising, that...

2010-01-01

149

A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana  

E-print Network

A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities Through Value- Added Forest Products Industries Conducted by: Forest Products Marketing Program Louisiana Agricultural Center May 1998 #12;Project Coordinators Dr. Richard Vlosky Forest Products Marketing Program

150

Quarterly Review: International Banking and Financial Market Developments, June 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

According to this issue of International Banking and Financial Market Development, equity markets, especially those trading technology stocks, marked the first several months of this year as "a period of heightened market volatility."

151

Solarization/conservation technology development for existing housing. Progress report  

SciTech Connect

The project objectives are: to develop a method for evaluationg existing residences for their energy solarization/conservation potential as well as carrying out the solarization/conservation work within context of the Community Development program; and to demonstrate appropriate methods of utilizing solar energy in existing Ann Arbor residences beyond that obtainable in a good conservation program. A general progress update is presented covering tasks related to community solarization/conservation characteristics and community system analysis and development. The process of selection and technical evaluation of houses for solarization/conservation project directed retrofit is described. A detailed report on the survey of utility data and a report on the solarization/conservation site audits are included. A detailed comparison of the audit data for both the audit and control group are appended. (LEW)

Oberdick, W.

1981-06-01

152

Solarization/conservation technology development for existing housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The project objectives were to develop a method for evaluating existing residences for their energy solarization/conservation potential as well as carrying out the solarization/conservation work within context of the Community Development program; and to demonstrate appropriate methods of utilizing solar energy in existing Ann Arbor residences beyond that obtainable in a good conservation program. A general progress update is presented covering tasks related to community solarization/conservation characteristics and community system analysis and development. The process of selection and technical evaluation of houses for solarization/conservation project directed retrofit is described. A detailed report on the survey of utility data and a report on the solarization/conservation site audits are included. A detailed comparison of the audit data for both the audit and control group are appended.

Oberdick, W.

1981-06-01

153

Keeping to the Private Market: The Evolution of Canadian Housing Policy: 1900-1949  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation traces the evolution of Canadian housing policy from 1935 to 1949 and examines the origins of the housing problems which promoted government programs. Housing problems, defined as a gap between affordability and an acceptable minimal standard of shelter, reached major proportions in rapidly expanding Canadian urban cities from 1900-1913. Exacerbation of these disparities by World War One, contributed

John C. Bacher

1985-01-01

154

KEEPING TO THE PRIVATE MARKET: THE EVOLUTION OF CANADIAN HOUSING POLICY: 1900-1949  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation traces the evolution of Canadian housing policy from 1935 to 1949 and examines the origins of the housing problems which promoted government programs. Housing problems, defined as a gap between affordability and an acceptable minimal standard of shelter, reached major proportions in rapidly expanding Canadian urban cities from 1900-1913. Exacerbation of these disparities by World War One, contributed

JOHN CHRISTOPHER BACHER

1985-01-01

155

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2011-04-01

156

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2012-04-01

157

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2010-04-01

158

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...data. (ii) The American Housing Survey (AHS) data, conducted...statistically random samples of rental housing. (iv) Statistically valid...be effective using Consumer Price Index (CPI) data for rents...FMR for single room occupancy housing is 75 percent of the FMR...

2013-04-01

159

Commercial Aircraft Development and the Export Market  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The various factors which endanger the future of commercial aircraft development are defined. The factors discussed are: (1) a decline in federally funded research and development programs, (2) a general decline in the economic health of the domestic airlines, (3) the increased cost of development which may be several times the net worth of the company, (4) the development overseas of common market and manufacturing consortia, and (5) foreign manufacturers receiving significant financial support from their national governments. It is stated that unless immediate and innovative solutions to combat these factors are found, the commercial aviation industry will be in serious difficulty.

Snodgrass, J.

1972-01-01

160

Development of heterodont dentition in house shrew (Suncus murinus).  

PubMed

Mammalian heterodont dentition comprises incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. Although there has been intensive research, the patterning of these specific tooth types has not yet been elucidated. In order for the gene expression data to be linked with tooth type determination, it is first necessary to determine precisely the incisor-, canine-, premolar-, and molar-forming regions in the jaw primordia. To accomplish this, we studied dentition development in the house shrew (Suncus murinus), which has retained all the tooth types, using three-dimensional reconstructions from serial histological sections and the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) expression patterns. Before the appearance of morphological signs of odontogenesis, Shh expression localized to the presumptive tooth-forming regions, in which the mesial and distal expression domains corresponded to the incisor- and premolar-forming regions, respectively. The upper incisor region was found to extend across the boundary between the frontonasal and the maxillary processes. The canine-forming regions later appeared in the intermediate portions of the maxillary and the mandibular processes. The molar-forming regions later appeared distal to the initially demarcated tooth-forming regions by secondary extension of the distal ends. The demarcation visualized by the Shh expression pattern in the jaw primordia of the house shrew probably represents the basic developmental pattern of mammalian heterodont dentition. PMID:18028049

Yamanaka, Atsushi; Yasui, Kinya; Sonomura, Takahiro; Uemura, Masanori

2007-12-01

161

Developing affordable housing design for low income in Sana'a, Yemen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Housing costs are very high in Yemen compared with Middle East countries, which caused a shortage of housing supply especially for low-income groups. This paper aims to develop affordable housing design for people with low income and to examine their ability to afford houses in Sana'a, Yemen. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two different questionnaires were used to achieve the study

Wael Alaghbari; Azizah Salim; Kamariah Dola; Abang Abdullah Abang Ali

2011-01-01

162

Marketing: Putting People in the Process. White House Conference on Library and Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that some public, school, law, academic, and special libraries have adopted marketing as a management tool, this paper begins by discussing marketing principles as defined by the American Marketing Association (AMA). Librarians are advised to center their marketing activities around what is known as the "4 P's" of marketing: Product, Price,…

Leisner, Anthony

163

Chapter 53 Recent developments in public sector labor markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter reviews recent developments in research on public sector labor markets. Public sector labor markets have two important characteristics which account for the interest in their operation. First, public sector labor markets are large — in most developed countries the public sector workforce accounts for over 15% of total employment. Second, public sector labor markets are different from private

Robert G. Gregory; Jeff Borland

1999-01-01

164

Mind Map Marketing: A Creative Approach in Developing Marketing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this conceptual article, the authors describe an alternative course structure that joins learning key marketing concepts to creative problem solving. The authors describe an approach using a convergent-divergent-convergent (CDC) process: key concepts are first derived from case material to be organized in a marketing matrix, which is then used…

Eriksson, Lars Torsten; Hauer, Amie M.

2004-01-01

165

Understanding the LANDSAT market in developing countries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The constraints on the growth of the market which stem from the development process itself and from a country's technical, political, and institutional attributes were examined. Four competing factors guide the development of policy regarding an operational land remote sensing system and are summarized. The factors are: there is a need to boost U.S. experts in areas where the U.S. holds a technological lead; the need to develop user applications in developing countries on their terms coincides with foreign policy; developing countries desire to take control of their own development; and the U.S. government wants to enlist the participation of major companies in the management, operation, and ownership of the operational system.

Willard, M. R.

1980-01-01

166

The developing international private power market  

SciTech Connect

A review group comprised of representatives from ten U.S. power industry companies recently released a report recommending increased assistance by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and other government agencies to provide reliable supplies of electricity and efficient use of energy. The report called for integrating U.S. foreign aid and trade policy to support U.S. industry in expanding overseas markets. The review group estimates a potential market of $370 billion to $900 billion worth of power equipment and services over the next 20 years. Recommendations of the Review Group include: Provide funding to support feasibility studies for electric power projects; Increase economic support funds and development assistance to emphasize energy, infrastructure, trade and investment; expand USAID's energy and private power activities through the formation of an Energy/Power, Infrastructure and Trade Institute as a public-private partnership; and include considerations of the U.S. trade balance in USAID's programs. The Report also criticized the U.S. power industry for an inadequate commitment to long term involvement in overseas markets.

Sullivan, J.B.

1989-09-01

167

Distinctive demand and risk characteristics of residential housing loan market in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The primary objective of the paper is to demonstrate the importance of borrower-specific characteristics as well as local situation factors in determining the demand prospect as well as the risk of credit loss on residential housing loan repayment behavior in India. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using 13,487 housing loan accounts (sanctioned from 1993-2007) data from Banks and Housing Finance Cos

Arindam Bandyopadhyay; Asish Saha

2011-01-01

168

Earth Observation Market Development - benefits to industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Established in 2000, ESA's Earth Observation Market Development (EOMD) activity is designed to foster the use of Earth Observation (EO) based geo-information services within various market sectors. Working in close cooperation with European and Canadian EO service companies, EOMD supports these firms in growing business by attracting new clients and encouraging the building of partnerships. The activities over the past five years have resulted in a better understanding of the EO service industry, as well as the involvement of over 120 new users and the generation of additional business revenues of some 6 million Euro. In addition to exploring new innovative prospects for EO services, future activities will address several identified challanges facing the industry as a whole.

Seiz, Gabriela; Coulson, Stephen; Mathieu, Pierre-Philippe; Bally, Philippe; Campbell, Gordon; Grabak, Ola; Hayes, Anne-Marie; Sarti, Francesco

2006-02-01

169

Segmented Labor Market Models in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Labor markets are important, because most people, especially the poor, derive all or the great bulk of their income from the work they do. This paper approaches labor markets through models of segmented labor markets.\\u000aThe first main substantive section presents the essence of segmented labor market modeling, in particular, the role of labor market dualism. Given that labor markets

Gary S. Fields

2009-01-01

170

Segmented Labor Market Models in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Labor markets are important, because most people, especially the poor, derive all or the great bulk of their income from the work they do. This paper approaches labor markets through models of segmented labor markets.\\u000aThe first main substantive section presents the essence of segmented labor market modeling, in particular, the role of labor market dualism. Given that labor markets

Gary S. Fields

2008-01-01

171

Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on Tuesday May 8, 2001, Market Access for Developing Countries' Exports is a 61-page report that strives to show that developing countries are also benefiting from multilateral, unilateral, and regional trade liberalization. The report is divided into three main sections. Protection in Merchandise Trade offers information on tariffs, agricultural subsidies and non-tariff measures, and trade preferences. The second section, Trade in Services, provides background, current research, and forecasts in two categories: barriers to trade in services and measuring barriers to trade in services. Finally, the last section explores the benefits of liberalizations in several different factions.

172

Extending the physical and cultural boundaries of affordable housing : a reconfiguration of the Franklin Field Public Housing Development  

E-print Network

Public housing is in a state of revision. Changes in attitude and approach to housing low-income people, evident in housing reform, are challenging the standard which public housing has come to represent. After years of ...

Makuku, Owiso A. (Owiso Atsali), 1968-

1999-01-01

173

Computer Programs for Predicting Private Development of Student Housing Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low cost as well as timely statistics are required of University policy planning decisions regarding student housing. Since a data bank already existed at the University of Wisconsin, a study of student housing needs could readily be undertaken by means of a computer. The study defines the status of the existing supply and demand in student…

Graaskamp, James A.

174

ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

175

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items  

E-print Network

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items June 23, 2008 Last week the House Energy and Water Development Subcommittee completed its action on their version of the FY09 Energy and Water Development bill. The draft report language is below. The full

176

Space market model development project, phase 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a research project investigating information needs for space commercialization is described. The Space Market Model Development Project (SMMDP) was designed to help NASA identify the information needs of the business community and to explore means to meet those needs. The activity of the SMMDP is reviewed and a report of its operation via three sections is presented. The first part contains a brief historical review of the project since inception. The next part reports results of Phase 3, the most recent stage of activity. Finally, overall conclusions and observations based on the SMMDP research results are presented.

Bishop, Peter C.; Hamel, Gary P.

1989-01-01

177

Authentication System for Electrical Charging of Electrical Vehicles in the Housing Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently the smart grid has been a hot issue in the research area. The Electric Vehicle (EV) is the most important component in the Smart Grid, having a role of the battery component with high capacity. We have thought how to introduce the EV in the housing development, and for proper operation of the smart grid systems in the housing area the authentication system is essential for the individual houses. We propose an authentication system to discriminate an individual houses, so that the account management component can appropriately operate the electrical charging and billing in the housing estate. The proposed system has an architecture to integrate the charging system outside a house and the monitoring system inside a house.

Song, Wang-Cheol

178

The impact of housing rehabilitation on local neighborhoods: the case of small community development organizations.  

PubMed

Across the nation, nonprofit organizations located in poor and declining neighborhoods are promoting homeownership in the hopes that their efforts will stave off decline and contribute to neighborhood stability. A common homeownership strategy among nonprofits is to acquire boarded-up or deteriorated homes at a low price, rehabilitate them, and then sell them at an affordable price. As these programs continue, nonprofit organizations want to show quantitatively that neighborhood revitalization works—that the funds devoted to an area stabilize neighborhoods or, even more, that they initiate a surge of continued upward progress. But, unlike their larger counterparts, smaller community development organizations are usually at a disadvantage in undertaking such an evaluation. This study will help illustrate what might be done. It focuses on the case of St. Joseph's Carpenter Society (SJCS) in Camden, New Jersey and assesses the quantitative impact that SJCS has on its target neighborhoods. A three-tiered approach is adopted that ranges from a target and comparison area analysis, to regression analysis of SJCS's impact on local housing prices, and finally to an examination of the relative market performance of SJCS's houses. All told, the analysis suggests that SJCS's rehabilitation and homeownership education activities appear to have a positive influence on the neighborhoods in its target area. PMID:21322894

Smith, Marvin M; Hevener, Christy Chung

2011-01-01

179

Housing policy in China  

E-print Network

In the last three decades, the People's Republic of China (PRC) has managed to replace its welfare-based urban housing system with a market-based housing provision scheme. With such significant housing policy changes, the ...

Gao, Lu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01

180

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works, the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, collaborated to conduc...

B. Peeks, T. Hewes

2013-01-01

181

An analysis of stock market efficiency: Developed vs Islamic stock markets using MF-DFA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient market has been theoretically proven to be a key component for effective and efficient resource allocation in an economy. This paper incorporates econophysics with Efficient Market Hypothesis to undertake a comparative analysis of Islamic and developed countries’ markets by extending the understanding of their multifractal nature. By applying the Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MFDFA) we calculated the generalized Hurst exponents, multifractal scaling exponents and generalized multifractal dimensions for 22 broad market indices. The findings provide a deeper understanding of the markets in Islamic countries, where they have traces of highly efficient performance particularly in crisis periods. A key finding is the empirical evidence of the impact of the ‘stage of market development’ on the efficiency of the market. If Islamic countries aim to improve the efficiency of resource allocation, an important area to address is to focus, among others, on enhancing the stage of market development.

Rizvi, Syed Aun R.; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Bacha, Obiyathulla I.; Masih, Mansur

182

Indoor nitrogen dioxide in five Chattangooga, Tennessee public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes an indoor nitrogen dioxide (NO{sub 2}) sampling study conducted during January through March of 1987 in five Chattanooga public housing developments. The origins of this study date to the summer of 1983 when the Piney Woods Community Organization (a citizens action group) expressed concern about toxic industrial air pollution and the effects it might have on their community. In response to these concerns, the Chattanooga-Hamilton County Air Pollution Control Bureau (Bureau) requested assistance from the Tennessee Department of Health and Environment (TDHE) in conducting a community health survey and assistance from the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in conducting a community air quality measurement program. The TDHE community health study did not find any significant differences between the mortality statistics for the Piney Woods community and a demographically similar control group. However, a health survey revealed that Piney Woods residents did not have a statistically significant higher self-reported prevalence of cough, wheezing, phlegm, breathlessness, colds, and respiratory illness.

Parkhurst, W.J.; Harper, J.P. (Tennessee Valley Authority (US)); Spengler, J.D.; Fraumeni, L.P.; Majahad, A.M. (Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA (US)); Cropp, J.W. (Chattanooga-Hamilton County Air Pollution Control Bureau, Chattanooga, TN (US))

1988-01-01

183

The House in the Market: Kinship, Status, and Memory among Q'eqchi' Market Women in San Juan Chamelco, Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation explores how Q’eqchi’ market women in San Juan Chamelco, Guatemala use capitalist exchange spheres to generate personhood, persons, and kinship. Women use local kin categories to establish themselves as marketers and construct themselves as persons of stature in their local social hierarchy. I argue that the Q’eqchi’ define kinship according to the local category of the junkab’al or

Sarah Ashley Kistler

2007-01-01

184

Jobs-housing balance, transit-oriented development, and commute time: Integrating  

E-print Network

of transportation, specifically looking at the inter- section of GIS with a related technology, GPS. This chapter-housing balance and transit-oriented development--and also looks at how GPS technology can be used along with GISJobs-housing balance, transit-oriented development, and commute time: Integrating GIS and GPS 6

Qiu, Weigang

185

Developing Functional Networks of Frontier Capital Markets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Individuals make economic decisions in a market context that is influenced by their social interactions and opportunities. Examining the structure, dynamics, and unique characteristics of the capital market network in which they operate is vital to unders...

D. Evans, M. Moten

2011-01-01

186

Development of Consistency between Marketing and Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined descriptive information about marketing, enrollment management, institutional planning and factors affecting them. A factor analysis of statistically appropriate variables identified factors associated with a state of symbiosis between marketing and institutional planning. (Author/BL)

Williford, A. Michael

1986-01-01

187

AGRICULTURAL DIRECT MARKETING AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

AAgricultural direct marketing implies the selling of agricultural, mainly horticultural products directly to the public either through on-farm markets (farm-shops), community-based farmers’ markets, or post, electronic mail and internet web order. These types of distribution channels can supply customers with fresh, ripen and healthy produce without the physical and social costs of transportation. In our view direct marketing alone is

RADULY ISTVAN; PARTENIE DUMBRAVA

2009-01-01

188

DRIVERS AND BARRIERS FACING SMALLER EMERGENT MARKET EXPORTERS ENTERING DEVELOPED MARKETS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The significance of emerging economies cannot be underestimated, given developed markets of the world increasingly suffer from economic stagnation, ageing populations and declining birth rates. We provide a comprehensive conceptual framework on smaller emergent market exporters, extending current understanding, by incorporating the key drivers (history of the firm; network experience; market position; manager characteristics; trading blocs and new technologies) and

Athena Bangara; Susan Freeman; Paul Kalfadellis

189

Developing more effective social marketing strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The reason for this paper is to better understand why many social marketing campaigns produce poor results and to propose a model to guide social marketing strategic planning to improve program outcomes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a conceptual paper which discusses a new social marketing model to remove upstream causes of target social problems. Findings – It appears

Walter Wymer

2011-01-01

190

Multi-Year SSL Market Development Support Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This plan sets out a strategic, five year framework for guiding DOE's market development support activities for high-performance solid-state lighting (SSL) products for the U.S. general illumination market. The market development support activities described in this plan, which span federal fiscal years 2012 to 2016, are intended to affect the types of SSL general illumination products adopted by the market,

Ledbetter; Marc R

2012-01-01

191

Cogeneration development and market potential in China  

SciTech Connect

China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Xin, D. [State Planning Commission of China, Beijing, BJ (China). Energy Research Inst.

1996-05-01

192

The Children's Development Commission Act--H.R. 3637. Field Hearing before the Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Securities and Government Sponsored Enterprises of the Committee on Banking and Financial Services. U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents testimony from the June 1998 hearing on the Children's Development Act (H.R. 3637) held before the Subcommittee on Capital Markets, Securities and Government Sponsored Enterprises. H.R. 3637 encourages the lending of resources to child care facilities by allowing a bank or lender access to a federal reinsurance program that…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Banking and Financial Services.

193

Protection of minority interest and the development of security markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

While excessive regulation is an obstacle to the development of financial markets, we argue that lack of basic rules or poorly enforced regulation may explain the relative importance across countries of banking and security markets in financing firms. A selective or arbitrary enforcement transforms legal rules into an exclusionary good; arm's length market exchanges become unreliable. As a result, transactions

Franco Modigliani; Enrico Perotti

1997-01-01

194

Development Controls for Mobile-Component Housing: A Ten-Year Review of the Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents in summary form court cases and legislation concerning development control of mobile - component housing (M - C H) reported from 1970 to 1980. M - C H refers to that form of housing built to the Federal Mobile Home Construction and Saf...

T. E. Nutt-Powell, M. Furlong

1980-01-01

195

Low-Income Housing and Community Development Activities of the Federal Home Loan Bank System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is required by law to monitor and report annually to the advisory councils of the 12 Federal Home Loan Banks (FHLBanks) on the support of low-income housing and community development and the use of FHLBank member ...

2010-01-01

196

Surge arresters in composite housings - new developments and long term experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the development of surge arresters in composite housings and their use in practical applications for over 15 years, as well as additional information on the latest results of continuous R&D-activities. The design of the housing has been adapted to the arrester's characteristics, particularly with respect to the pressure relief capability, which is extremely important.

Lars Klingbeil; Ulrich Bauch

2008-01-01

197

Model houses and housing ideology in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the meaning of the house through an interpretation of model house advertisements and display houses in Australia over the past 20 years. The advertising discourse is analysed as a set of cultural constructs, which, being market sensitive, reflect changing social structures, values and ideologies. Over this period the house structure has been transformed. The informal ‘family’ area

Kim Dovey

1992-01-01

198

The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Persistent racial inequality in employment, housing, and a wide range of other social domains has renewed interest in the possible role of discrimination. And yet, unlike in the pre-civil rights era, when racial prejudice and discrimination were overt and widespread, today discrim- ination is less readily identifiable, posing problems for social scientific conceptualization and measurement. This article reviews the relevant

Devah Pager; Hana Shepherd

2008-01-01

199

The Effects of Low Income Housing Tax Credit Developments on Neighborhoods  

PubMed Central

This paper evaluates the impacts of new housing developments funded with the Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), the largest federal project based housing program in the U.S., on the neighborhoods in which they are built. A discontinuity in the formula determining the magnitude of tax credits as a function of neighborhood characteristics generates pseudo-random assignment in the number of low income housing units built in similar sets of census tracts. Tracts where projects are awarded 30 percent higher tax credits receive approximately six more low income housing units on a base of seven units per tract. These additional new low income developments cause homeowner turnover to rise, raise property values in declining areas and reduce incomes in gentrifying areas in neighborhoods near the 30th percentile of the income distribution. LIHTC units significantly crowd out nearby new rental construction in gentrifying areas but do not displace new construction in stable or declining areas. PMID:24235779

Baum-Snow, Nathaniel; Marion, Justin

2013-01-01

200

Code of Federal Regulations. Housing and Urban Development. Title 24, Parts 0 to 199. (Revised as of April 1, 1997).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Explanation; Title 24: Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development; Subtitle B--Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development; Chapter I--Office of Assistant Secretary for Equal Opportunity, ...

1997-01-01

201

Issues of gender and servicescape: marketing UK public houses to women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using two complementary ideographic approaches, investigates the impact of the servicescape on women?s experience of the public house service encounter. Preliminary findings from both the focus group and the in-depth interviews conducted indicate that women perceive their desired pub experience as diametrically opposite to that provided by the traditional male-dominated pub. In the latter, barriers to enjoyment arise from the

Ruth A. Schmidt; Roger Sapsford

1995-01-01

202

Essays in credit markets and development economics  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 (co-authored with Ali Choudhary) exploits exogenous variation in the amount of public information available to banks about a firm to empirically evaluate the importance of adverse selection in the credit market. ...

Jain, Anil (Anil Kumar)

2014-01-01

203

An evaluation of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work voucher program  

E-print Network

Since implementation nearly 10 years ago there has been limited research into the outcomes of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work rental subsidy program. The Congressionally ...

Mahdavi, Pedram

2009-01-01

204

The impact of social housing developments on nearby property prices: A Nelson Mandela Bay Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social housing projects often face substantial “Not-in-my-backyard†(NIMBY) sentiment and as a result are frequently plagued by local opposition from communities who argue that nearby property prices will be affected adversely by these developments. International hedonic pricing studies conducted have, however, produced mixed results with some concluding that social housing developments may in fact lead to an improvement in surrounding

M. Du Preez; M. C. Sale

2011-01-01

205

Understanding MBA Consumer Needs and the Development of Marketing Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to develop marketing strategies in higher education is evident. In order to develop effective strategies, marketers must understand the basic needs that their product fulfills. Exploratory research was utilized to identify and better understand the needs that motivate consumers to pursue an MBA degree. This paper emphasizes the importance…

Dailey, Lynn; Anderson, Murphy; Ingenito, Cristina; Duffy, David; Krimm, Paul; Thomson, Scott

2006-01-01

206

Family Control Business and Capital Market Development in ASEAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effect of family ownership structure on capital market development in four Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, namely, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines using panel data analysis. The results indicate that greater family influence in the stock exchange has detrimental effect on capital market development. The results can be considered valid as three alternative

Bany Ariffin Amin Noordin; Siong Hook Law

2008-01-01

207

Marketing Department The Marketing Department of the University of Alicante organizes and develops teaching and research activity in  

E-print Network

Marketing Department The Marketing Department of the University of Alicante organizes and develops teaching and research activity in the Area of knowledge of marketing and market research. Department faculty teaches specialized on the management of Marketing and commercial management of the company

Escolano, Francisco

208

Revisiting Influences on Tumor Development: Focusing on Laboratory Housing  

PubMed Central

Spontaneous tumors are reported to occur in 45% to 71% of Sprague-Dawley rats, yet few studies have considered the effect of the sedentary condition of standard laboratory cages on tumorigenesis. Tumor profiles and tumor promoting hormone prolactin were compared in female Sprague-Dawley rats (108) that were allocated into 3 groups: those housed without outside activity (SED group), with twice-weekly 1-h sessions of physical activity in large box (PA group), and with regular voluntary running-wheel exercise (EX). Compared with the EX group, SED rats had more and larger tumors throughout most of their lifespan; tumor profiles of PA rats were similar to those of the SED group. A larger percentage of animals in the SED group had tumors (54%), compared with EX rats (38%). At 64 wk, tumors in SED animals included thyroid carcinoma, malignancy, mammary fibroadenoma, cystadenoma, and granuloma, whereas benign mammary gland cysts were most common in EX. Prolactin levels were highest in SED animals at 24 and 52 wk. In conclusion, increased tumor number, increased tumor size, type of spontaneous tumor, and increased prolactin in rats were associated with standard laboratory housing, which limited physical activity, and were not primarily due to aging. PMID:19476713

Alessio, Helaine M; Schweitzer, Natalie B; Snedden, Angela M; Callahan, Phyllis; Hagerman, Ann E

2009-01-01

209

Corruption and stock market development: A quantitative approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studying the relation between corruption and economic factors and examining its consequences for economic development have attracted many economists and physicists in recent years. The purpose of this paper is to focus on the role of stock market development on corruption. Analyzing a data set of corruption and stock market development measures such as market capitalization and total value of share trading for 46 countries around the world for the period 2007-2009, we examine the dependence of the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) on stock market development. Our findings suggest that there exists a power-law dependence between corruption and stock market development. We also observe a negative relation between level of corruption and financial system improvement.

Bolgorian, Meysam

2011-11-01

210

Integrated Marketing Communications for Local Nonprofit Organizations: Developing an Integrated Marketing Communications Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the importance of integrated marketing communications for nonprofit organizations and how to get started on developing a plan including issues to address and writing objectives. Also included are strategies for writing a marketing communications plan including a prototype for such a document. Sidebars are included in the article on writing objectives and a mission statement. An explanation of a

Teri Kline Henley

2001-01-01

211

The entrepreneurial state : New York's Urban Development Corporation, an experiment to take charge of affordable housing production, 1968-1975  

E-print Network

A federal-local partnership supports the creation of most new affordable housing in the United States. Washington's subsidies, which fund housing construction, vouchers, and tax credits, are paired with local development ...

Freemark, Yonah (Yonah Slifkin)

2013-01-01

212

To what extent are Western marketing concepts and philosophies applicable to the developing marketing contexts?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Most marketing,educators acknowledge,that marketing concepts have different meanings,to consumers particularly where developing versus developed countries are concerned. Studies have shown,that there are significant differences between developing and Western countries in their perception and conduct of business, their business-government relations and more,significantly in their educational environments. Despite this knowledge,very little effort has been expanded,towards re-examining

Robert Rugimbana

213

How much choice is there in housing choice vouchers? Neighborhood risk and free market rental housing accessibility for active drug users in Hartford, Connecticut  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Since the mid-1970s, the dominant model for U.S. federal housing policy has shifted from unit-based programs to tenant based vouchers and certificates, intended to allow recipients a choice in their housing and neighborhoods. Surprisingly little research has examined the question of where those with Section 8 housing vouchers are able to live, but some research suggests that voucher holders

Julia B Dickson-Gomez; Ellen Cromley; Mark Convey; Helena Hilario

2009-01-01

214

Recent developments in manufacturing and marketing carrageenan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carrageenan has annual sales of over US$ 200 million, about 15% of the world use of food hydrocolloids. The market for carrageenan has grown exponentially at 5% per year for at least 25 years: 5 500 metric tons in 1970, and over 20 000 metric tons expected in 1995. The industry has become dominated by very large, multi-product companies with

Harris J. Bixler

1996-01-01

215

Developing Marketing Strategies for University Teaching Hospitals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University teaching hospitals face increasing competition from community hospitals, expanding regulation of health care, consumerism, and a declining urban population base. New marketing strategies are seen as ways in which teaching hospitals can achieve better relationships with institutions, practitioners, and surrounding communities and…

Fink, Daniel J.

1980-01-01

216

Authentication System for Electrical Charging of Electrical Vehicles in the Housing Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Recently the smart grid has been a hot issue in the research area. The Electric Vehicle (EV) is the most important component\\u000a in the Smart Grid, having a role of the battery component with high capacity. We have thought how to introduce the EV in the\\u000a housing development, and for proper operation of the smart grid systems in the housing

Wang-Cheol Song

2010-01-01

217

Development of the Capital Market in India - A Regulatory Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capital Markets are an important mobilizer of resources for the corporate sector. Investors’ confidence is key to the healthy developments of capital markets, it is necessary that comprehensive and adequate laws exists to regulate security industry to protect investors interests and rights. The laws should also provide for an effective nodal regulatory agency to ensure fair play, discipline and integrity

Gupta Ramesh

218

NAWDP Job Developer's Marketing Kit for Employment & Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed to meet the marketing, outreach, and recruitment needs of job training organizations. It is designed to help organizations create a positive and professional image of local job training programs in their business community. The guide is organized in three sections that cover the following: (1) marketing and outreach…

Hamburg, Susan

219

Marketing in sports: a tool for developing sports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketing is the process by which companies create customer interest in products or services. It generates the strategy that underlies sales techniques, business communication and business development. It is an integrated process through which companies build strong customer relationships and create value for their customers and for themselves. In sports such marketing strategies are effective tools, which give a company

Indranil Ghosh

2010-01-01

220

A Preliminary Strategic Marketing Framework for New Product Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article responds to the identified considerations and gaps in existing research on the way a new idea is transformed into a market-accepted new product. Utilizing the findings of an extensive theoretical analysis and empirical investigation on the subject, this research studies new product development within a wider strategic marketing context. The research interrelates three different perspectives: the process-defining perspective,

Alkis Thrassou; Demetris Vrontis; Hela Chebbi; Dorra Yahiaoui

2012-01-01

221

Marketing and Its Effects on Student Development Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the intended outcomes of marketing (e.g., attracting new students who differ from the traditional ones and who require different programs and services) and discusses the resultant problems for student development programs. Presents strategies for preventing these problems, founded on careful, knowledge-based planning of marketing and…

Creamer, Don G.; Akins, E. G.

1981-01-01

222

Marketing strategy and customer involvement in product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate the impact of a firm's marketing strategy on involving customers in new product development. Special attention is to be paid to three facets of a marketing strategy: product differentiation, competitor orientation and brand profiling emphasis. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey with quantitative questionnaires was used in the context of relationships between Norwegian suppliers and

Mons Freng Svendsen; Sven A. Haugland; Kjell Grønhaug; Trond Hammervoll

2011-01-01

223

Space market model development project, phase 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the prototype operations of the Space Business Information Center are presented. A clearinghouse for space business information for members of the U.S. space industry composed of public, private, and academic sectors was conducted. Behavioral and evaluation statistics were recorded from the clearinghouse and the conclusions from these statistics are presented. Business guidebooks on major markets in space business are discussed. Proprietary research and briefings for firms and agencies in the space industry are also discussed.

Bishop, Peter C.

1988-01-01

224

The Special Challenges of Offering Employment Programs in Culturally Diverse Communities: The Jobs-Plus Experience in Public Housing Developments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immigration has made public housing populations increasingly diverse, a challenge met by administrators and staff at two housing developments participating in the Jobs-Plus Community Revitalization Initiative for Public Housing Families. Immigrants and refugees from Southeast Asia, East Africa, and Latin America have settled beside native-born…

Kato, Linda Yuriko

225

The summer comfort house: A prototype compressorless house for California transitional climates  

SciTech Connect

Demonstration houses that stress energy efficiency have traditionally concentrated on achieving good building performance, but often look experimental and alienate potential developers. This has resulted in a history of demonstration designs with limited market penetration. This ongoing research project investigates the elimination of residential compressive cooling in transitional California climates through design and technical alternatives to the typical single-family, detached production house. The goal is to avoid peak electrical demand while continuing to provide occupant comfort during overheated periods. A design workshop produced an initial set of house designs and cost estimates which were then reviewed by developers and builders. Comfort and energy use parameters were used to optimize the building technologies and to define the climate range of application. The design most representative of market directions was taken through design development, including complete mechanical and structural design. Further discussions with industry representatives are generating interest in constructing a set of demonstration houses while industry design award sponsorship is broadening the introduction in the merchant housing industry. The prototype house does not look substantially different than the average contractor-built house, but has a number of innovations which increase thermal performance and marketability. Achieving a compressorless house with good building performance delivers other desirable characteristics: a heavier house with more sound and fire resistance, enhanced connections between interior and exterior living spaces, and a level of year-round thermal comfort not found in standard production housing. These characteristics can be packaged in a form that the industry can understand and sell.

Loisos, G.A.; Ubbelohde, M.S.

1998-07-01

226

Functional marketing plan development in department store retailing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retailers are now implementing the types of formal marketing planning programs that have long characterized consumer goods\\u000a firms. The functional marketing plans that are developed tend to be a year or less in duration. The primary responsibility\\u000a for developing the plans resides with the general merchandise manager. The planning efforts of the retailing executive, in\\u000a spite of their short term

J. Barry Mason; Morris L. Mayer; Anthony Koh

1985-01-01

227

The Impact of University Housing Construction Type on Psychosocial Development of First-Year Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of university housing construction type on psychosocial development of first-year students. Data were collected at a large, four-year, public, research university in the Southeast using the Student Development Task and Lifestyle Assessment. The population considered for this study consisted of…

Owens, Justin Tyler

2010-01-01

228

Managing In-House Development of a Campus-Wide Information System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To show how a combination of hard and soft project and change management methodologies guided successful in-house development of a campus-wide information system. Design/methodology/approach: A case study of the methodologies and management structures that guided the development is presented. Findings: Applying a combination of the…

Shurville, Simon; Williams, John

2005-01-01

229

Developing Measures of Job Performance for Support Staff in Housing Services for People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is an absence of research concerning the assessment of housing support worker job performance, particularly in the development of job performance measures that reflect the priorities of people with intellectual disabilities and their families. Method: A worker-oriented job analysis method was used to develop four short job…

Hatton, Chris; Wigham, Sarah; Craig, Jaime

2009-01-01

230

Psychosocial predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND—Adolescents residing in low-income public housing developments in inner-city regions may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of risk factors associated with cigarette smoking.?OBJECTIVE—To elucidate the aetiology of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments.?DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS—We examined predictors of smoking from four domains: background characteristics, social influences, behavioural control, and psychosocial characteristics using a sample of seventh graders (mean age 12.9 years) who reside in public housing developments in New York City (n = 624). The addresses of participants in a larger investigation of the aetiology and prevention of smoking were checked to determine if they lived in one of 335 public housing developments in New York City. All participants living in public housing developments were included in the current study.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—African-American and Hispanic students completed questionnaires about their cigarette use, social pressures to smoke, smoking attitudes, smoking knowledge, and smoking resistance skills. Students also provided information on demographic and behavioural control (such as church and school attendance).?RESULTS—Logistic regression analyses indicated that social influences from friends and family members predicted smoking. Psychosocial characteristics such as advertising resistance skills, anti-smoking attitudes, and refusal skills lowered the odds of smoking.?CONCLUSIONS—These findings suggest that smoking prevention approaches targeted at these young people should increase their awareness of social pressures to smoke, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of smoking among friends, and teach relevant psychosocial skills.???Keywords: smoking initiation predictors; smoking prevention; public housing developments; psychosocial risk factors PMID:10465815

Epstein, J.; Williams, C.; Botvin, G.; Diaz, T.; Ifill-Williams, M.

1999-01-01

231

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents` energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today`s results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

232

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents' energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today's results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

233

Sector strength and efficiency on developed and emerging financial markets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we analyse the importance of sectors and market efficiency on developed and emerging financial markets. To perform this we analyse New York Stock Exchange between 2004 and 2013 and Warsaw Stock Exchange between 2000 and 2013. To find out the importance of sectors we construct minimal spanning trees for annual time series consisting of daily log returns and calculate centrality measures for all stocks, which we then aggregate by sectors. Such analysis is of interest to analysts for whom the knowledge of the influence of particular groups of stocks to the market behaviour is crucial. We also analyse the predictability of price changes on those two markets formally, using the information-theoretic concept of entropy rate, to find out the differences in market efficiency between a developed and an emerging market, and between sectors themselves. We postulate that such analysis is important to the study of financial markets as it can contribute to the profitability of investments, particularly in the case of algorithmic trading.

Fiedor, Pawe?

2014-11-01

234

Marketing policy for developing countries: the case for Uganda  

E-print Network

. Marketing Boards. Lint Marketing Board (LMB). . . . Coffee Marketing Board (CMB). . Cooperative Marketing. Local Marketing. Food Marketing. Produce Marketing Board (PMB) . Trade and Export Policies. . . . . Summary of the Chapter NON.... . Food marketing. 60 68 74 74 78 79 81 82 84 87 TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued) CHAPTER Market Research Market Training. Maize Marketing. Horticultural Marketing. Trade and Export policies. Conclusion. Page 88 89 90 92 94 99...

Bazaala, Nalumansi Mariam

2012-06-07

235

Electricity market reforms: Institutional developments, investment dynamics and game modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The reform trend of the 1990's in electricity markets recreates, to some extent, the institutional framework from which they developed one century ago. Although these reforms do not endeavor to completely remove regulation, the basic objectives of deregulation dwell on limiting central and governmental control over the industry in order to promote free competition at all possible levels. To assess whether the electricity industry is or is not moving back to a 19th century structure is not the goal of this thesis. We will rather try to understand on what grounds deregulation reforms stand and review how different countries and large utilities have reacted to this trend. The special nature of electricity (non-storable basic good, centrally produced) creates different obstacles in the restructuring of electricity markets, compared to other industries like the airline or telecommunication ones. For example, the dominant positions of some utilities, the production structure and the importance of electricity in modern life could transform these reforms in a threatening move for consumers. Another specific issue arising from deregulation, now that national energy policy goals no longer rule the behavior of utilities, is how investment will be coordinated in the new market. A key element to keep in sight is the competition level targeted by these reforms. To which extent full competition can really occur in electricity markets remains an unanswered question. Indeed, the oligopolistic structure of the market could prevent such an outcome. An investigation of the investment dynamics in such a context seems therefore appropriate, and this will be an important theme of the thesis. This work offers an analysis of deregulated electricity markets and studies the oligopolistic market dynamics that could prevail in the new structure. Two complementary approaches are used for these purposes. The first is institutional and presents a thorough illustration of the economic arguments advanced to support market reforms and an industry view of the actual strategic actions undertaken by important utilities. Legislative changes will be reviewed for different countries with a discussion on the assessment procedures for these reforms. A detailed example of the reform process in the Finnish electricity market is presented. The investment issue will emerge as an interesting challenge to focus on, due to its importance for the market. The second approach is more analytical and develops on the market equilibria that could result from the new structure. A dynamic model of investment for the electricity market is built and applied to the Finnish market. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Pineau, Pierre-Olivier

236

What drives condo prices : the rental or single family housing market?  

E-print Network

This paper seeks to answer a question that real estate developers have wrestled with for years: apartment or condo? Given that the two types of residential units typically occupy similar buildings and structures, the goal ...

Hughes, James D. (James Desmond)

2013-01-01

237

Optimization tools for design and marketing of new\\/improved products using the house of quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality function deployment (QFD) has helped many firms realize significant reduction in product design costs and development time. The QFD process includes ranking customer preferences, rating the competitors, and parts deployment for the new\\/improved product. Prior to this research, such activities have been performed based on expert opinion, or the “best-in-class” approach. We develop and solve optimization models for the

George L. Vairaktarakis

1999-01-01

238

Ariane 5 components 'Made in Germany' - Booster housing completion in the modern Augsburg production plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of the booster housing for Ariane 5, the booster which is supposed to meet the demands of the future heavy satellite market, is discussed. The modern facilities at Augsburg at which the housing is being constructed are described. The cost and investment aspects of the booster housing development are addressed.

1989-06-01

239

Developing Market Opportunities for Flexible Rooftop Applications of PV Using Flexible CIGS Technology: Market Considerations  

SciTech Connect

There has been a recent upsurge in developments for building-integrated phototovoltaics (BiPV) roof top materials based on CIGS. Several new companies have increased their presence and are looking to bring products to market for this application in 2011. For roof-top application, there are significant key requirements beyond just having good conversion efficiency. Other attributes include lightweight, as well as moisture-proof, and fully functionally reliable. The companies bringing these new BIPV/BAPV products need to ensure functionality with a rigorous series of tests, and have an extensive set of 'torture' tests to validate the capability. There is a convergence of form, aesthetics, and physics to ensure that the CIGS BiPV deliver on their promises. This article will cover the developments in this segment of the BiPV market and delve into the specific tests and measurements needed to characterize the products. The potential market sizes are evaluated and the technical considerations developed.

Sabnani, L.; Skumanich, A.; Ryabova, E.; Noufi, R.

2011-01-01

240

The affordability of China's residential real estate market and opportunities for property developers  

E-print Network

China has the largest housing market in the world and the property market continues to advance at an astonishing pace. In 2009, 22.2% of China's RMB 19.3 trillion fixed asset investment and 17.9% of foreign direct investment ...

Lam, Terence T. (Terence Ting Yin)

2011-01-01

241

Marketing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the role of marketing in the modern firm and the key tasks of marketing management. Defines the term "marketing" and discusses it as an economic concept. Discusses three key marketing principals. (RKM)

Doyle, Peter

1987-01-01

242

HOME ADVOCACY POLICY DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC OUTREACH PRODUCTION MARKET DEVELOPMENT MARKETING RESEARCH MAGAZINE http://www.ontariograinfarmer.ca/MAGAZINE.aspx?aid=172  

E-print Network

HOME ADVOCACY POLICY DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC OUTREACH PRODUCTION MARKET DEVELOPMENT MARKETING RESEARCH Harvest ready Claire Cowan The new US food safety law Edith Munro Growing Asian markets Ellen Goodman market access? Patrick O'Neil, Ontario Pork Farmers need bigger returns to increase production Jerry

Raizada, Manish N.

243

Teacher Labor Markets in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emiliana Vegas surveys strategies used by the world's developing countries to fill their classrooms with qualified teachers. With their low quality of education and wide gaps in student outcomes, schools in developing countries strongly resemble hard-to-staff urban U.S. schools. Their experience with reform may thus provide insights for U.S.…

Vegas, Emiliana

2007-01-01

244

The Role of Housing in the State Development Policy: A Summary Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the report is to relate the several work components of the State Planning Division to the State Development Policy and the growth centers concept. The report first summarizes projections of the demand for housing in North Carolina in 1980 b...

M. A. Stegman, H. Sumka

1972-01-01

245

FY06 Energy and Water Development Appropriations House Senate Conference Report  

E-print Network

FY06 Energy and Water Development Appropriations House Senate Conference Report Fusion Language,000,000 is for research into strongly magnetized high energy density matter and $2,000,000 is for construction of the high power lasers, $2,000,000 for the high density matter laser at the Ohio State University Technology Park

246

346: Developing a Low Cost, Sustainable Housing Prototype Using Recycled Waste Materials in Tijuana, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a low cost, energy efficient prototype house designed for informal settlements of Tijuana constructed from a variety of local manufacturing waste materials. The 35 m2 prototype demonstrates construction techniques using waste car tires and gabion rock cages as a retaining wall system, wood pallets as a roof truss system, waste newspaper blended with Portland

Matthew West

247

Introducing model-based development within the reengineering of a Smart House controllers system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a reengineering solution for a Smart House controllers system using model-based development approach, emphasizing automatic code generation. Starting with the analysis of an existing system, based on a network of controllers, named as Tiny-Domots, the behavioral models associated with each controller was built using state diagrams as primary modeling formalism. A set of rules for manual translation

Mauro Reis; Rogerio Campos-Rebelo; Luis Gomes

2011-01-01

248

Board Member Development in the Public, Voluntary and Social Housing Sectors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Given a number of recent and ongoing changes to the role and responsibilities of executive and non-executive board members of UK social housing organisations, the paper aims to offer a literature review which explores the development provision for board members within such organisations. The paper's key question is: "How are executive and…

Ward, Carolyn; Preece, David

2012-01-01

249

Development of a Simultaneous Extraction and Cleanup Method for Pyrethroid Pesticides from Indoor House Dust Samples  

EPA Science Inventory

An ef¿cient and reliable analytical method was developed for the sensitive and selective quanti¿cation of pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs) in house dust samples. The method is based on selective pressurized liquid extraction (SPLE) of the dust-bound PYRs into dichloromethane (DCM) wi...

250

Surveying a Chicago Public Housing Development: Methodological Challenges and Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the winter and spring of 2003, the Survey Research Laboratory conducted a survey of residents of the Ida Wells and Madden Park housing developments on Chicago's near-south side. This article reviews existing research findings on using indigenous interviewers and reports the findings about the benefits and challenges of using residents as…

Holbrook, Allyson L.; Farrar, Isabel C.; Popkin, Susan J.

2006-01-01

251

Interim Evaluation of HUD's (Housing and Urban Development's) Homeownership Zone Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Homeownership Zone (HOZ) demonstration program was launched in 1996 by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) as part of a national strategy to expand homeownership. The goal of the HOZ demonstration was to do more than build new h...

J. Kirchner, N. Teed, J. Morancy, J. Bennett, B. Wheaton

2007-01-01

252

Current log-periodic view on future world market development  

E-print Network

Applicability of the concept of financial log-periodicity is discussed and encouragingly verified for various phases of the world stock markets development in the period 2000-2010. In particular, a speculative forecasting scenario designed in the end of 2004, that properly predicted the world stock market increases in 2007, is updated by setting some more precise constraints on the time of duration of the present long-term equity market bullish phase. A termination of this phase is evaluated to occur in around November 2009. In particular, on the way towards this dead-line, a Spring-Summer 2008 increase is expected. On the precious metals market a forthcoming critical time signal is detected at the turn of March/April 2008 which marks a tendency for at least a serious correction to begin.

Drozdz, Stanislaw; Oswiecimka, Pawel; Speth, Josef

2008-01-01

253

Current Log-Periodic View on Future World Market Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Applicability of the concept of financial log-periodicity is discussed and encouragingly verified for various phases of the world stock markets development in the period 2000-2010. In particular, a speculative forecasting scenario designed in the end of 2004, that properly predicted the world stock market increases in 2007, is updated by setting some more precise constraints on the time of duration of the present long-term equity market bullish phase. A termination of this phase is evaluated to occur in around November 2009. In particular, on the way towards this dead-line, a Spring-Summer 2008 increase is expected. On the precious metals market a forthcoming critical time signal is detected at the turn of March/April 2008 which marks a tendency for at least a serious correction to begin.

Dro?d?, S.; Kwapie?, J.; O?wi?cimka, P.; Speth, J.

2008-09-01

254

Sample selection and spatial models of housing price indexes, and, A disequilibrium analysis of the U.S. gasoline market using panel data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation consists of two parts. The first part studies the sample selection and spatial models of housing price index using transaction data on detached single-family houses of two California metropolitan areas from 1990 through 2008. House prices are often spatially correlated due to shared amenities, or when the properties are viewed as close substitutes in a housing submarket. There have been many studies that address spatial correlation in the context of housing markets. However, none has used spatial models to construct housing price indexes at zip code level for the entire time period analyzed in this dissertation to the best of my knowledge. In this paper, I study a first-order autoregressive spatial model with four different weighing matrix schemes. Four sets of housing price indexes are constructed accordingly. Gatzlaff and Haurin (1997, 1998) study the sample selection problem in housing index by using Heckman's two-step method. This method, however, is generally inefficient and can cause multicollinearity problem. Also, it requires data on unsold houses in order to carry out the first-step probit regression. Maximum likelihood (ML) method can be used to estimate a truncated incidental model which allows one to correct for sample selection based on transaction data only. However, convergence problem is very prevalent in practice. In this paper I adopt Lewbel's (2007) sample selection correction method which does not require one to model or estimate the selection model, except for some very general assumptions. I then extend this method to correct for spatial correlation. In the second part, I analyze the U.S. gasoline market with a disequilibrium model that allows lagged-latent variables, endogenous prices, and panel data with fixed effects. Most existing studies (see the survey of Espey, 1998, Energy Economics) of the gasoline market assume equilibrium. In practice, however, prices do not always adjust fast enough to clear the market. Equilibrium assumptions greatly simplify statistical inference, but are very restrictive and can produce conflicting estimates. For example, econometric models of markets that assume equilibrium often produce more elastic demand price elasticity than their disequilibrium counterparts (Holt and Johnson, 1989, Review of Economics and Statistics, Oczkowski, 1998, Economics Letters). The few studies that allow disequilibrium, however, have been limited to macroeconomic time-series data without lagged-latent variables. While time series data allows one to investigate national trends, it cannot be used to identify and analyze regional differences and the role of local markets. Exclusion of the lagged-latent variables is also undesirable because such variables capture adjustment costs and inter-temporal spillovers. Simulation methods offer tractable solutions to dynamic and panel data disequilibrium models (Lee, 1997, Journal of Econometrics), but assume normally distributed errors. This paper compares estimates of price/income elasticity and excess supply/demand across time periods, regions, and model specifications, using both equilibrium and disequilibrium methods. In the equilibrium model, I compare the within group estimator with Anderson and Hsiao's first-difference 2SLS estimator. In the disequilibrium model, I extend Amemiya's 2SLS by using Newey's efficient estimator with optimal instruments.

Hu, Haixin

255

The development of a hybrid intelligent system for developing marketing strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the development of a hybrid intelligent system for developing marketing strategy is described. The hybrid system has been developed to: provide a logical process for strategic analysis; support group assessment of strategic marketing factors; help the coupling of strategic analysis with managerial intuition and judgement; help managers deal with uncertainty and fuzziness; and produce intelligent advice on

Shuliang Li

2000-01-01

256

Community Work Development: A Marketing Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is concerned with developing community-based work for persons with disabilities, particularly disabled workers in segregated settings and individuals who are considered not yet ready for or capable of work. The first part of the publication deals with the following topics: the concepts of community, work, and severe disabilities; the…

Como, Perry; Hagner, David

257

Electoral information in developed stock market: testing conditional heteroscedasticity in the market model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigates the influence of major electoral information on abnormal returns around the announcement date in the developed stock market and examines whether these explanatory variables are associated with observed cumulative abnormal returns using a regression analysis. The analytical results demonstrate that average abnormal returns are significantly negative before the date of the announcement of the results of a general

Chung-Chu Chuang; Yi-Hsien Wang

2010-01-01

258

The provision of land for social housing in large urbanized areas in developing countries: the case of Istanbul  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large part of the population has no access to proper housing. This situation is most severe in large growing metropolises in the developing world, such as Istanbul, Turkey, where a third of the population is living in squatter housing. Typically there is a is a dual structure of both legal and illegal land development, where the legal sector is

S. S. Turk; W. K. Korthals Altes

2010-01-01

259

Developing Competitive and Sustainable Polish Generic Medicines Market  

PubMed Central

Aim To descriptively analyze the policy environment surrounding the Polish generic medicines retail market. Method The policy analysis was based on an international literature review. Also, a simulation exercise was carried out to compute potential savings from substituting generic for originator medicines in Poland using IMS Health pharmaceutical intelligence data. Results Poland has a mature, high-volume, low-value generic medicines market, primarily driven by the establishment of the reference price at the price of the cheapest medicine in combination with pricing regulation and the low level of medicine prices. The practice of discounting in the distribution chain implies that the National Health Fund and patients do not capture the potential savings from a generic medicines market where companies compete on price. This high-volume market has benefited in the past from the limited availability of originator medicines and a short data exclusivity period, even though there are no incentives for physicians to prescribe generic medicines and a financial disincentive for pharmacists to dispense generic medicines. Increased generic substitution would be expected to reduce public expenditure on originator medicines by 21%. Conclusion To develop a competitive and sustainable market, Poland needs to consider moving away from competition by discount to competition by price. This could be achieved by replacing maximum distribution margins by fixed margins. Also, Poland may wish to raise reference prices as a temporary measure to boost market entry for medicine classes with few generic medicines. PMID:19839067

Simoens, Steven

2009-01-01

260

Land Cover Change Related to Residential Housing Development in the United States From 1990 to 2000  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Habitat loss from conversion to urban and agricultural uses is a major threat to biodiversity globally. In the U.S., habitat loss was identified by a majority of state fish and game departments as a primary concern and is a leading cause of species endangerment. Residential housing growth, commercial development, and associated road building are major sources of habitat loss in the U.S. From 1990 to 2000, almost 250,000 miles of paved road and over 13.5 million housing units were constructed nationwide. To understand how recent trends in housing development affect land cover, it is crucial to establish how rates of conversion to anthropogenic uses and types of lands affected vary across the U.S. and why. For example, while most of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed in the Eastern U.S. is forested, agricultural lands were preferentially developed from 1990 to 2000. However, in the Piedmont ecoregion, which runs from the Chesapeake Bay southwest to Alabama, forested lands were disproportionately developed from 1992 to 2000. Several studies have assessed land use and land cover dynamics in various regions of the U.S. by combining satellite or aerial imagery with GIS data. However, because of a lack of consistent national land cover maps for more than one time period, assessments were either restricted to a single time period or change maps were independently developed for small areas. Recently, a nationally consistent map of Anderson Level I land cover change from 1992 to 2001 for the contiguous U.S. was made available through the United States Geological Survey National Land Cover Database (NLCD). We use geographically weighted regression (GWR) to compare changes in U.S. Census Bureau derived housing density with changes in NLCD derived land cover from 1990 to 2000 and assess how that relationship varies regionally due to heterogeneity in land cover, existing housing density, and other biophysical and economic variables. To characterize the NLCD map, we compare it with independently derived impervious surface change maps from three areas of the country. Results indicate that the NLCD change product provides conservative estimates of conversion to urban uses, with mapped changes corresponding to impervious surface cover increases of 20 to 40%. Scale variance analyses of housing and urban land use for commonly used analytical units (e.g. watersheds, Bailey divisions, counties) show that fine scale variation dominates, suggesting that the native scale of the data is the appropriate resolution at which to assess urbanization. GWR results show significant heterogeneity in parameter values of independent variables across the study area. As expected, larger increases in housing density are more strongly correlated with conversion to urban use than smaller increases. These results can be combined with census based projections of future housing density to assess possible changes in land cover and conversion to urban uses stemming from residential housing development.

Jantz, P.; Davis, F.

2008-12-01

261

Integrating Development, Alumni Relations, and Marketing for Fundraising Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At many institutions, the vice president of institutional advancement oversees the functions of development, alumni relations, and marketing and communications. University leaders expect these functions to be integrated and to work hand-in-hand to advance the institution's mission, particularly in the area of private donations. The reality is that…

Stevick, Thomas R.

2010-01-01

262

Customer involvement in new product development : A relationship marketing perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to create an increased understanding of new product development processes concerning customer involvement. A relationship marketing perspective has provided the theoretical basis, allowing a new perspective. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A qualitative, multiple case study, based on in-depth interviews in three small companies and three large, multinational enterprises has been carried out. Findings –

Stefan Lagrosen

2005-01-01

263

Retailers' use of niche marketing in product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to investigate the growing trend of the use of private labeling as a competitive strategy among fashion retailers. Specifically, how retailers differentiate and create niche markets within their own private label merchandise is examined. The study focuses on how retailers develop and expand their private label portfolios, while minimizing the risk of

Erin Parrish

2010-01-01

264

Mining Demand Chain Knowledge for New Product Development and Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many enterprises devote a significant portion of their budget to new product development (NPD) and marketing to make their products distinctive from those of competitors, and better fit the needs and wants of consumers. Hence, knowledge and feedback on customer demand and consumption experience has become an important information and asset for enterprises. This paper investigates the following research issues

Shu-Hsien Liao; Chih-Hao Wen

2009-01-01

265

Market research companies and new product development tools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigates (1) the share of new product development (NPD) research services in market research (MR) companies’ turnover, (2) MR companies’ awareness and use of NPD tools and the modifications made to these NPD tools, and (3) MR company managers’ perceptions of the influence of client use of commissioned NPD research on client NPD performance. The results from a

Edwin J. Nijssen; Ruud T. Frambach

1998-01-01

266

Higher education institutions, regional labour markets and population development  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important motivation to establish and develop higher education institutions across regions is to improve and restructure the regional labour markets toward higher education jobs, contribute to maintain the regional settlement patterns of the population generally and to increase the numbers of higher educated labour especially. This paper introduces a short description of the Norwegian regional higher education institution system,

2011-01-01

267

Marketing “Gamer Foods”: Qualitative Insights into Responsible Strategy Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to explore the video-gaming experience as a novel consumption occasion for snack foods and to provide insights into responsible marketing strategy development. Consumers' desired food product attributes, their motivating conditions to snack while gaming, and the environment in which this takes place are explored qualitatively through 14 in-depth interviews and 10 separate points of

James Cronin; Mary McCarthy

2012-01-01

268

Foreign Assistance and Domestic Financial Markets in the Developing Countries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper explores the impact of foreign financial assistance on the promotion of domestic financial markets in the developing countries. It claims that the disbursing of large amounts of foreign aid may be a more complex exercise than is usually recogniz...

C. Gonzalez-Vega

1989-01-01

269

Sex, gender, and pharmaceutical politics: From drug development to marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Biological sex differences and sociocultural gender norms affect the provision of health care products and services, but there has been little explicit analysis of the impact of sex differences and gender norms on the regulation of pharmaceutical development and marketing.Objectives: This article provides an overview of the regulation of pharmaceuticals and examines the ways that regulatory agencies account for

Jill A. Fisher; Lorna M. Ronald

2010-01-01

270

Developments in U.S. Alternative Fuel Markets  

EIA Publications

The alternative fueled vehicle (AFV)/alternative fuels industry experienced a number of market-related changes in the second half of the 1990s. This article describes each of the alternative transportation fuels and the AFVs in detail. It provides information on the development to date and looks at trends likely to occur in the future.

2001-01-01

271

Older People as a Developing Market for Cultural Heritage Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it morally acceptable for the heritage sector to see the growing population of senior citizens as a developing market? Jamtli is an open air museum in the north of Sweden. The main target group is families with children, but an increasing number of activities for older adults are being offered. The growing population of older people is a…

Hansen, Anna; Zipsane, Henrik

2014-01-01

272

A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities Through  

E-print Network

A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities Assistant Professor Nathan Paul Chance, MBA Research Associate Forest Products Marketing Program Louisiana Louisiana State University Agricultural Center Conducted by: The Forest Products Marketing Program Louisiana

273

The impact of specified professional development programme information as a marketing tool for effective recruitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study adopted a marketing strategy to enhance the recruiting outcome where the talent market is a product market and job applicants are consumers in the market. To examine the effect of the marketing strategy in recruiting talents concerning how job applicants might process recruiting messages, the study investigated the effect of promoting professional development programme using specific information as

Wen-Hao David Huang; Wen-Yeh Huang; Chuan-Chun Chiu

2011-01-01

274

The community-based partnership approach for affordable housing development : a case in Shenzhen, China  

E-print Network

Affordable housing has been a crucial urban issue in China. Given its fast-paced urbanization process, China is experiencing a dramatic increase in the demand for affordable housing. At the same time, the affordable housing ...

Zhao, Feifei

2009-01-01

275

A new affordable housing model in China : a case-based examination of a private developer's role  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the motivations behind Wanhuilou, the first affordable housing development to be initiated, constructed, and subsidized by a private developer--China Vanke. This case presents a pioneering firm and a ...

Stuchell, Claudine C. (Claudine Cecile)

2008-01-01

276

A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)  

E-print Network

This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

Davis, Trevor Paul

1983-01-01

277

The Winners in China's Urban Housing Reform  

PubMed Central

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China’s transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation. PMID:24163494

Logan, John R.; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

2013-01-01

278

Privatization Or Marketization: Educational Development in Post-Mao China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the post-Mao era, the reformers have taken significant steps to privatize social policy and social welfare. Revamping the social security system and commodifying social services have become more prominent since the mid-eighties. Despite the post-Mao leaders' discomfort about the term "privatization", signs of state withdrawal from the provision of social policy and welfare are clear. The author argues that the emergence of private educational institutions indicates that China's educational development has gone through a similar process of privatization or quasi-marketization though the Chinese experience is different from that of Western counterparts. Specifically, this paper tries to examine how the flourishing market economy and the policy of decentralization have affected the development of China's higher education. No longer solely relying on public schools, private and minban (people run) educational institutions are becoming more popular in the new socialist market system. This paper attempts to examine how privatization and quasi- marketization have affected educational development in mainland China. The paper concludes with a discussion of the policy implications of the privatization of education in China.

Mok, Ka Ho

1997-09-01

279

Linking farmers to markets: different approaches to human capital development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Programs focused on developing community-level management skills and human capacity can increase the opportunities for small farmers to benefit from market participation. Using a framework that links the concepts of collective power and agricultural development, and drawing upon evidence from Mali, Mozambique, and Cameroon, the authors differentiate three types of approaches to capacity building. Contract\\/Business programs such as out-grower and

Jim Bingen; Alex Serrano; Julie Howard

2003-01-01

280

U.S. Forest Products Annual Market  

E-print Network

, forest product prices, and housing starts. Policy initiatives that can affect domestic markets markets in terms of production, trade, consump- tion, and prices. Market developments are described of the year 2008 with forecasts through 2009. Keywords: production, trade, prices, forest products Executive

281

The project to design and develop an energy-related program for public housing residents: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This demonstration project studied how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilities indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

Not Available

1986-12-01

282

Arctic house  

E-print Network

Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

1999-01-01

283

Economy in energy through alternative sources of energy in mass-housing of developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Energy is an integral part of the development process and a major determinant for the improvement of the quality of life in human settlements. Skyrocketing oil price increases in recent years has made development increasingly difficult for at least two-thirds of the developing countries. An increasing number of developing countries are searching for new sources of energy and more efficient use of what is available. So, there is a need for well thought-out comprehensive energy saving program. There is a need for radical thinking in devising new and innovative energy policies, which should be dynamic, technologically flexible, and responsive to the needs and aspirations of people. There is large percentage of energy used in buildings which can be economised in the planning of new settlements. The paper discusses and recommends the adoption of some of the straight-forward technology through which there is a full scope for minimizing the usage of energy in housing. Moving ahead, the paper also makes suggestions to developing countries how to develop and adopt alternative sources of energy in housing; especially solar energy, for cooling and heating purposes, because in solar energy most of the developing countries are very rich. Further, the paper strongly recommends that Universities, Colleges, and Schools should teach the latest concepts of energy conservation and use of alternative energy sources. However, the largest savings in energy consumption would arise from a real desire and economy consciousness on the part of the individual in the community to limit energy usage.

Sinha, I.B.

1980-12-01

284

Market and economic analysis of residential photovoltaic systems: final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The market\\/economic implications of the effort in development and testing of residential photovoltaic power systems are evaluated. Summarized is work in the areas of market surveys, evaluation of previous work in user worth analysis in the residential sector, including retrofit applications, evaluation of presently available regional, econometric housing models which could be used to project housing stocks, and the analysis

Tabors

1982-01-01

285

Markets slow to develop for Niger delta gas reserves  

SciTech Connect

Nigeria produces a very high quality, light, sweet crude oil but with a large percentage of associated gas derived from a high gas-to-oil ratio. Official proved gas reserves, both associated and nonassociated, are 120 tcf. Proved and probable reserves are estimated as high as 300 tcf. The internal market for gas has only begun to develop since the 1980s, and as a result approximately 77% of associated gas production is flared. Domestic gas consumption is currently approximately 700 MMcfd and is projected to have a medium term potential of 1.450 bcfd. The article discusses resource development, gas markets, gas flaring, gas use programs, the Bonny LNG scheme, the gas reserve base, LNG project status, competition, and energy opportunities.

Thomas, D. [Thomas and Associates, Hastings (United Kingdom)

1995-11-27

286

World Development Report 2002: Building Institutions for Markets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A carefully weighted, well-conceived document, the World BankâÂÂs World Development Report 2002 (last mentioned in the October 5, 2000 Scout Report) discusses the viable options available to developing nations attempting to open their markets to the world and thereby better the circumstances of their peoples. Honestly recognizing that free market economies are not one-size-fits-all, the report encourages policy builders and analysts to carefully consider the specific circumstances and histories of their countries as they add to infrastructure. A primary focus of the report is on individual institutions and their positive potential in serving in a nationwide system of checks and balances, ones which can greatly extend the interests of the people. Here, the reports insists, policy makers must look to establish institutions and organizations that are right for given populations at a given place and time. Ultimately, therefore, the report calls on those responsible for true nation building to look to the welfare of their own people, especially as they seek to move their nations into an increasingly voracious global market.

Bank., World

2002-01-01

287

Market development directory for solar industrial process heat systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this directory is to provide a basis for market development activities through a location listing of key trade associations, trade periodicals, and key firms for three target groups. Potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers were identified as the prime targets for market development activities. The bulk of the directory is a listing of these two groups. The third group, solar IPH equipment manufacturers, was included to provide an information source for potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers. Trade associates and their publications are listed for selected four-digit Standard Industrial Code (SIC) industries. Since industries requiring relatively lower temperature process heat probably will comprise most of the near-term market for solar IPH systems, the 80 SIC's included in this chapter have process temperature requirements less than 350/sup 0/F. Some key statistics and a location list of the largest plants (according to number of employees) in each state are included for 15 of the 80 SIC's. Architectural/engineering and consulting firms are listed which are known to have solar experience. Professional associated and periodicals to which information on solar IPH sytstems may be directed also are included. Solar equipment manufacturers and their associations are listed. The listing is based on the SERI Solar Energy Information Data Base (SEIDB).

None

1980-02-01

288

The Effect of Internet Security Breach Announcements on Market Value: Capital Market Reactions for Breached Firms and Internet Security Developers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessing the value of information technology (IT) security is challenging because of the difficulty of measuring the cost of security breaches. An event-study analysis, using market valuations, was used to assess the impact of security breaches on the market value of breached firms. The information-transfer effect of security breaches (i.e., their effect on the market value of firms that develop

Huseyin Cavusoglu; Birendra Mishra; Srinivasan Raghunathan

289

Modeling the Effects of Labor Market Reforms in a Developing Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developing economies, substantial economic activity takes place in the informal labor market, beyond the reach of government policy. Labor market policies, which by definition apply only to the formal-sector labor market, then have important spillover effects. The relative sizes of the informal and formal sector labor markets adjust, the skill composition of the workforce in the two sectors changes,

James Albrecht; Lucas Navarro; Susan Vroman

2006-01-01

290

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...IN A DESIGNATED AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Research and Market Development § 925.45...

2014-01-01

291

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...IN A DESIGNATED AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Research and Market Development § 925.45...

2012-01-01

292

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...IN A DESIGNATED AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Research and Market Development § 925.45...

2013-01-01

293

The Effect of High Concentration Public Housing on Crime, Construction, and Home Prices: Evidence from Demolitions in  

E-print Network

The Effect of High Concentration Public Housing on Crime, Construction, and Home Prices: Evidence in these neighborhoods. Furthermore, homes close to large public housing developments exhibit larger price growth than, Berkeley Job Market Paper January 13, 2009 Abstract Despite popular accounts that link public housing

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

294

Recreational Sports, along with Hethwood Market, will host its annual open house for free gymnastics lessons on Saturday,  

E-print Network

gymnastics lessons on Saturday, January 25. The open house will be held in War Memorial Hall and will feature exercise, or just have fun, you will find something that meets your gymnastic needs here. No previous will be responsible for coming to the gymnastics room to pick up your children immediately after class. · If you

Virginia Tech

295

77 FR 71195 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on a survey of rents conducted by the Public Housing Agency (PHA) in August 2012. DATES: Effective Date: October 1, 2012...still about 10 percent lower than they were in FY 2011. The PHA was having trouble managing its program with these lower...

2012-11-29

296

Agonistic onset during development differentiates wild house mouse males (Mus domesticus)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wild house mouse populations have been suggested to locally adapt to varying dispersal regimes by expressing divergent aggressivity phenotypes. This conjecture implies, first, genetic polymorphism for dispersive strategies which is supported by the finding of heritable variation for male dispersal tendency in feral house mice. Secondly, aggressivity is assumed to translate into dispersal rates. This speculation is reinforced by experimental evidence showing that non-agonistic males display lower dispersal propensity than same-aged males that have established agonistic dominance. However, the actual ontogenetic behavioural pattern and its variability among populations remain unknown. Hence, in this study the timing of agonistic onset is quantified within laboratory-reared fraternal pairs, and compared between descendants from two different feral populations. Males from the two populations (G and Z) differed strongly in agonistic development, as Z fraternal pairs had a 50% risk of agonistic onset before 23.5±2.7 days of age, while this took 57.3±5.4 days in males from population G. This difference coincided with significant genetic differentiation between the males of the two populations as determined by 11 polymorphic microsatellite markers. Furthermore, in population G, males from agonistic and amicable fraternal pairs exhibited significant genetic differentiation. These results corroborate the supposition of genetic variability for dispersive strategies in house mice, and identify the ontogenetic timing of agonistic phenotype development as the potential basis for genetic differentiation. This opens a unique opportunity to study the genetic determination of a complex mammalian behavioural syndrome in a life history context, using a simple laboratory paradigm.

Krackow, Sven

2005-02-01

297

Passive solar in the city : an energy conscious design for subsidized multi-family housing development  

E-print Network

Until now, passive solar energy has been overlooked as a viable alternative for home heating in urban subsidized housing. Rather ironically, in housing whose residents could most benefit from the use of solar energy, such ...

Duncan, Karen M

1981-01-01

298

Rationalizing urban land utilization : guidelines for housing developments in greater Khartoum, Sudan  

E-print Network

The housing crisis in Greater Khartoum manifests itself in a very high demand for housing and a deficient supply mechanism. This unsatisfied demand is reflected in high rents and land prices, high occupancy rates, and ...

Hamid, Gamal Mahmoud

1986-01-01

299

Development of design & technology package for cost effective housing in Gujrat  

E-print Network

Purpose: Improve quality of life in rural areas through intervention of infrastructure and housing improvement. Provide methods of building better and cost-effective houses at a quicker pace. Devise strategies of withdrawing ...

Chaudhry, Rajive

1996-01-01

300

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction.

Syphard, Alexandra D.; Massada, Avi Bar; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E.

2013-01-01

301

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss.  

PubMed

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

Syphard, Alexandra D; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E

2013-01-01

302

Opportunities and issues in international photovoltaic market development  

SciTech Connect

The confluence of technology development and market readiness is opening up major business opportunities for photovoltaic (PV) systems throughout the developing world. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque (Sandia), working on behalf of the US Department of Energy, have launched pilot projects in several countries throughout the world over the past 3 years. The focus of these pilot projects has been the development of in-country institutional capabilities necessary to deliver the promise of PV electricity to the rural populations. In addition to country-specific activities, NREL is conducting several technology, information, and partnership projects focused on further accelerating the education, training, business, and technology developments necessary to bridge the gap between promise and reality. This paper summarizes these efforts.

Taylor, R.; Arent, D.; Baldwin, S. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [and others

1996-09-01

303

Competency Profile Development for the Marketing Education Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to revalidate, revise, and adapt/modify the minimum core competencies for the Fundamentals of Marketing and Advanced Marketing courses in secondary marketing education in Missouri. To implement the project, these activities were conducted: (1) each marketing instructor completed a survey instrument for the assessment of…

Smith, Clifton L.

304

Housing Lessons from Mobile Homes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the market significance of the 'mobile home'—which is in fact a factory-made dwelling that can be transported as a complete unit for permanent location on a site — the technology involved has attracted little interest from the orthodox building industry. A research and development project in America, 'Project Manufactured Housing Industry' (PMHI), suggests that such disinterest is misplaced.We invited

Arthur D. Bernhardt

1983-01-01

305

41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does “self-help housing or housing assistance” mean?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...rehabilitation, or refurbishment of housing, under terms that require that...individual or family receiving housing or housing assistance must contribute a...standards and must be available at prices below prevailing market...

2013-07-01

306

41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does “self-help housing or housing assistance” mean?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...rehabilitation, or refurbishment of housing, under terms that require that...individual or family receiving housing or housing assistance must contribute a...standards and must be available at prices below prevailing market...

2010-07-01

307

41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does “self-help housing or housing assistance” mean?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...rehabilitation, or refurbishment of housing, under terms that require that...individual or family receiving housing or housing assistance must contribute a...standards and must be available at prices below prevailing market...

2012-01-01

308

41 CFR 102-75.550 - What does “self-help housing or housing assistance” mean?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...rehabilitation, or refurbishment of housing, under terms that require that...individual or family receiving housing or housing assistance must contribute a...standards and must be available at prices below prevailing market...

2011-01-01

309

Advances in the development of FRIDA's mechanisms control system and house-keeping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FRIDA will be a near infrared imager and integral field spectrograph covering the wavelength range from 0.9 to 2.5 microns. Primary observing modes are: direct imaging and integral field spectroscopy. This paper describes the main advances in the development of the electronics and control system for both the mechanisms and house-keeping of FRIDA. In order to perform several tests of mechanisms in both room and cryogenic environments, a set of programs had been developed. All variables of the vacuum control system were determined and the main control structure based on one Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) had been established. A key function of the FRIDA's control system is keeping the integrity of cryostat during all processes, so we have designed a redundant heating control system which will be in charge of avoiding cryostat inner overheating. In addition, some improvements of cryogenic and room temperature cabling structure are described.

Flores-Meza, R.; Garcés, J.; Lara, G.; Sánchez, B.; Espejo, C.; Keiman, C.; Cuevas, S.; Díaz, J. J.

2014-07-01

310

Development of a Compact Maglev Centrifugal Blood Pump Enclosed in a Titanium Housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A compact centrifugal blood pump consisting of a controlled two-degrees-of-freedom radial magnetic bearing and a brushless DC motor enclosed in a titanium housing has been developed for use as an implantable ventricular assist device. The magnetic bearing also supports axial and angular motions of the impeller via a magnetic coupling. The top housing is made of pure titanium, while the impeller and the stator are coated with pure titanium and Ti-6Al-7Nb, respectively, to improve the biocompatibility of the pump. The combination of pure titanium and titanium alloy was chosen because of the sensitivity of eddy current type displacement sensors through the intervening conducting wall. The dimensions of the pump are 69.0 mm in diameter and 28.5 mm in height. During a pump performance test, axial shifting of the impeller due to hydraulic forces led to variations in the rotational positioning signal, causing loss of control of the rotational speed. This problem was solved by conditioning the rotational positioning signal. With a flow rate of 5 l/min against a head pressure of 100 mmHg, the power consumption and efficiency of the pump were 5.5 W and 20%, respectively. Furthermore, the hemolysis of the blood pump was 43.6% lower when compared to that of a commercially available pump.

Pai, Chi Nan; Shinshi, Tadahiko; Asama, Junichi; Takatani, Setsuo; Shimokohbe, Akira

311

Female house mice develop a unique ovarian lesion in colonies that are at maximum population density.  

PubMed

Colonies of house mice reach maximum population density in 120-180 days, irrespective of cage size and initial number of colonizing animals. Reproduction ceases because the females become aggressive and unreceptive to mating. The aggressive behavior is correlated with elevated levels of testosterone (T) and corticosterone (B) (Chapman et al., Phys Behav 64:529-533, 1998). In two of seven strains of mice, females developed ovarian lesions. The occurrence of the lesion in one strain was correlated with the age of the animal and duration of the study. In the second strain, cage size was the determining factor. Lesioned ovaries weighed significantly more than nonlesioned ovaries. The lesion consisted of accumulations of luteal membrane and organelle fragments, and other cellular debris, suggestive of incomplete and prolonged luteolysis. Electron microscopic (EM) analyses revealed the presence of deposits of permanganate-resistant congophilic amyloid fibrils in the intima and smooth muscle cells of luteal thecal arteries. Population females had thymus glands and uteri that weighed significantly less than the same organs from females housed in the breeding colony, whereas the adrenal glands from the population females weighed significantly more. It is proposed that the female aggression is due to high levels of T. It is also proposed that the high levels of B suppress the immune cells involved in normal luteolysis and contribute to the incomplete and prolonged luteolysis. PMID:10998202

Chapman, J C; Christian, J J; Pawlikowski, M A; Yasukawa, N; Michael, S D

2000-10-01

312

In-house development of an optimized synthetic module for routine [11C]acetate production  

PubMed Central

[11C]Acetate, a radiotracer for PET imaging, is a promising radiopharmaceutical for overcoming the limitation of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose in a number of cancers. Here, the optimized automatic synthesis of [11C]acetate using an in-house-developed module under different conditions has been reported for routine production. [11C]CO2 was produced in a 16.4?MeV PETtrace cyclotron, and methyl magnesium chloride was used for synthesis. For product purification, ion-exchange solid-phase extraction cartridges were used, connected in series. High-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography were used to measure radiochemical and chemical purity. The Limulus amebocyte lysate test and the fluid thioglycollate medium test were performed for quality control of [11C]acetate. The total reaction time of [11C]acetate was within 15?min, and the overall decay-corrected radiochemical yield was 84.33±8.85%. Radiochemical purity was greater than 98% when evaluated on an analytical high-performance liquid chromatography system. No endotoxins or anaerobic bacteria were seen on quality control checks. Optimized production of [11C]acetate was achieved by the in-house module. Radiochemical and biological properties of the [11C]acetate produced were appropriate for clinical PET study.

Jang, Hwa Youn; Kwon, Seong Young; Pyo, Ayoung; Hur, Min Goo; Kim, Sang Wook; Park, Jeong-Hoon; Kim, Hee-Jung; Yang, Seung Dae; Lee, Sunwoo; Kim, Dong-Yeon

2015-01-01

313

Wages and Employment in China's SOEs, 1980–1994: Corporatization, Market Development, and Insider Forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using firm-level panel data, we evaluate the importance of reform measures, market development, and insider forces in wage and employment determination in China's state sector. Initial output per worker is positively correlated with change in employment, and market wages are significantly associated with firm employment and wages in the later period. Both indicate development of the labor markets. Corporatization lowered

Young Lee

1999-01-01

314

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market...

2014-01-01

315

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market...

2012-01-01

316

How to Develop a Marketing Strategy for Your Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses basic principles of marketing (referred to as the six p's: product, pricing, point of sale, people, promotion, and positioning) and shows how they can be applied to the marketing of day care centers. (SKC)

Thorne, George F.

1988-01-01

317

Public market development strategy : making the improbable possible  

E-print Network

Public markets were once central components of the urban food system in American cities, but declined in number and importance by the middle of the 20th century. Despite a diminished role in feeding the city, public markets ...

Zade, Joshua Charles

2009-01-01

318

Development and initial testing of a new socioeconomic status measure based on housing data.  

PubMed

Socioeconomic status (SES) has been associated with many health outcomes. Commonly used datasets such as medical records often lack data on SES but do include address information. The authors sought to determine whether an SES measure derived from housing characteristics is associated with other SES measures and outcomes known to be associated with SES. The data come from a telephone survey of parents/guardians of children aged 1-17 years who resided in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and Jackson County, Missouri. Seven variables related to housing and six neighborhood characteristics obtained from local government assessor's offices in Olmsted County, Minnesota, were appended to survey responses. An SES index derived from housing characteristics (hereafter, HOUSES) was constructed using principal components factor analysis. For criterion validity, we assessed Pearson's correlation coefficients between HOUSES and other SES measures, including self-reported parents' educational levels, income, Hollingshead Index, and Nakao-Treas Index. For construct validity, we determined the association between HOUSES and outcomes, risks of low birth weight, overweight, and smoking exposure at home. We applied HOUSES to subjects in another community by formulating HOUSES from housing data of subjects in Jackson County, Missouri, using the same statistical algorithm as HOUSES for subjects in Olmsted County, Minnesota. We found that HOUSES had modest to good correlation with other SES measures. Overall, as hypothesized, HOUSES was inversely associated with outcome measures assessed among subjects from both counties. HOUSES may be a useful surrogate measure of individual SES in epidemiologic research, especially when SES measures for individuals are not available. PMID:21499815

Juhn, Young J; Beebe, Timothy J; Finnie, Dawn M; Sloan, Jeff; Wheeler, Philip H; Yawn, Barbara; Williams, Arthur R

2011-10-01

319

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most cost-effective pathway to provide quality, durable, and sustainable housing. The challenge for these authorities is to achieve the mission of delivering affordable housing at the lowest cost per square foot in environments that may be rural, urban, suburban, or within a designated redevelopment district. With the challenges the U.S. faces regarding energy, the environmental impacts of consumer use of fossil fuels and the increased focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, housing authorities are pursuing the goal of constructing affordable, energy efficient and sustainable housing at the lowest life-cycle cost of ownership. This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra-low-energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. In addition to describing the results of the performance monitoring from the pilot project, this paper describes the recommended design process of (1) setting performance goals for energy efficiency and renewable energy on a life-cycle cost basis, (2) using an integrated, whole building design approach, and (3) incorporating systems-built housing, a green jobs training program, and renewable energy technologies into a replicable high performance, low-income housing project development model.

Dean, J.; VanGeet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

2012-03-01

320

PRODUCT MARKET REGULATION, FIRM SIZE, UNEMPLOYMENT AND INFORMALITY IN DEVELOPING  

E-print Network

, they are subject to matching friction in the labor market, and wages are determined through bargaining between the formal sector wage premium. The opposite is true for labor market regulation. Finally, we show This paper studies the impact of product and labor market regulations on informality and unemployment

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

321

A development and integration analysis of commercial and in-house control subsystems  

SciTech Connect

The acquisition and integration of commercial automation and control subsystems in physics research is becoming more common. It is presumed these systems present lower risk and less cost. This paper studies four subsystems used in the Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) Low Energy Demonstration Accelerator (LEDA) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) resonance-control cooling subsystem (RCCS), the high-power RF subsystem and the RFQ vacuum subsystem were outsourced; the low-level RF (LLRF) subsystem was developed in-house. Based on the authors experience a careful evaluation of the costs and risks in acquisition, implementation, integration, and maintenance associated with these approaches is given.

Moore, D.M. [Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Aiken, SC (United States); Dalesio, L.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1998-12-31

322

Progress in the development of specific immunotherapies for house dust mite allergies.  

PubMed

Allergen-specific immunotherapy is used to treat patients exposed and co-sensitized to the two common house dust mites, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae. Based on seroepidemiological studies and a detailed characterization of mite allergens, an optimal immunotherapeutic product should associate extracts from the two Dermatophagoides species, and include both bodies and fecal particles. Both subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapies performed with aqueous mite extracts are safe and efficacious in children and adults with mite-induced rhinitis and/or asthma. Double-blind placebo-controlled studies are conducted to further document the efficacy of immunotherapeutic products, with promising results that were obtained already with sublingual tablets. Current developments of second-generation products relying upon recombinant allergens and peptides are reviewed. PMID:25187166

Moingeon, Philippe

2014-12-01

323

Project to design and develop an energy-related program: For public housing residents and renters: Volume 1, Final report  

SciTech Connect

This demonstration project was undertaken as a result of an unsolicited proposal submitted by THE ASSIGNMENT GROUP (TAG) to the Office of Minority Economic Impact, Department of Energy (DOE). The problem to which the proposal responded was how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The size and gravity of the problem necessitated a purpose or aim that had nationwide application, yet lent itself to a microscopic look. Consequently, the goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilitates indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

Not Available

1988-05-01

324

Tenure in transition : case of the LSM Cooperative Housing Estate, Lublin, Poland  

E-print Network

This thesis explores various tenure models as a means to understand development in transition. The emergence of new markets, aspirations, needs and varied agendas of the actors in the LSM Cooperative Housing Estate in ...

Kumar, Sanjay M

1992-01-01

325

Creating an asset management model for Massachusetts state-aided public housing : a study of policies and practices to inform the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development  

E-print Network

Local housing authorities in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts currently manage over 50,000 state-aided public housing units on a consolidated, authority-wide level-a style of property management that does not allow for ...

Creeley, Hannah Highton

2009-01-01

326

Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents  

E-print Network

and instrumenting a baseline Habitat for Humanity house. Monitoring of the 26 channels of 15-minute data began in March 1998 and has continued through December 1998. The energy and environmental data from the house will also be made available to faculty and students... or problem. Habitat for Humanity is a non-profit, Christian-affiliated ecumenical housing group that helps build low-income housing in the United States and other countries. Habitat aims at increasing the ability of families to buy a home by giving low...

Haberl, J. S.; Kootin-Sanwu, V.

1999-01-01

327

The development of financial management and control in monastic houses and estates in England c. 1200–1540  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper traces developments in the financial management and control of monastic houses and their estates in England in the later Middle Ages, and seeks to identify the factors which lay behind these developments. It draws upon ecclesiastical, economic and accounting history literature. It finds first that this period of monastic history is not as uneventful as sometimes depicted; and

Alisdair Dobie

2008-01-01

328

Affordable housing  

SciTech Connect

This book is designed to assist in implementing a housing affordability program by supporting the use of energy efficient mortgages. The information contained in this book can be applied to many aspects of real estate programs which utility companies have developed. Included are: planning material and worksheets; support material that includes presentation scripts, overheads, slides; and fact sheets.

Not Available

1989-01-01

329

Development of a Market Optimized Condensing Gas Water Heater  

SciTech Connect

This program covered the development of a market optimized condensing gas water heater for residential applications. The intent of the program was to develop a condensing design that minimized the large initial cost premium associated with traditional condensing water heater designs. Equally important was that the considered approach utilizes design and construction methods that deliver the desired efficiency without compromising product reliability. Standard condensing water heater approaches in the marketplace utilize high cost materials such as stainless steel tanks and heat exchangers as well as expensive burner systems to achieve the higher efficiencies. The key in this program was to develop a water heater design that uses low-cost, available components and technologies to achieve higher efficiency at a modest cost premium. By doing this, the design can reduce the payback to a more reasonable length, increasing the appeal of the product to the marketplace. Condensing water heaters have been in existence for years, but have not been able to significantly penetrate the market. The issue has typically been cost. The high purchase price associated with existing condensing water heaters, sometimes as much as $2000, has been a very difficult hurdle to overcome in the marketplace. The design developed under this program has the potential to reduce the purchase price of this condensing design by as much as $1000 as compared to traditional condensing units. The condensing water heater design developed over the course of this program led to an approach that delivered the following performance attributes: 90%+ thermal efficiency; 76,000 Btu/hr input rate in a 50 gallon tank; First hour rating greater than 180 gph; Rapid recovery time; and Overall operating condition well matched to combination heat and hot water applications. Over the final three years of the program, TIAX worked very closely with A.O. Smith Water Products Company as our commercial partner to optimize the design for manufacturing. This work included the initiation of a large field testing program (over 125 units) and an in-depth reliability program intended to minimize the risks associated with a new product introduction. At the time of this report, A.O. Smith plans to introduce this product to the marketplace in the early 2006 time period.

Peter Pescatore

2006-01-11

330

Consumer Attitude toward Marketing and Subjective Quality of Life in the Context of a Developing Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to better understand Consumer Attitude toward Marketing (CATM) and how it relates to quality of life (QOL) in a developing country. Such sentiments toward marketing practice are core indicators of the marketing system's performance in delivering well-being to consumers during the first stage of the consumption process—acquisition. In this stage, the activities of businesses

Mark Peterson; Ahmet Ekici

2007-01-01

331

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategy for Small Diameter Douglas Fir  

E-print Network

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategy the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;"Marketing Strategy for Small Diameter Columbia April 9, 2003 #12;ii ABSTRACT "Marketing Strategy for Small Diameter Douglas Fir" In the forest

332

An Investigation of Strategic Decision Making in Service Marketing through Case Study Development and Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the collaborative efforts of an undergraduate student and a professor of marketing, this paper focuses on a case study and corresponding teaching notes developed as a final component of an independent study in service marketing. The case utilizes the hospitality industry as the template for analysis of the appropriateness of marketing

Rosetti, Joseph L.; Maceiko, Meghan

2009-01-01

333

Personal Factors Affecting the Influence of a Marketer in the New Product Development Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the influence of marketers in managing a New Product Development (NPD) Project at an organisation competing in the Australian fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) industry. While the role and influence of marketers is under researched, it is widely accepted that marketers do play an important role in managing NPD Projects in organisations producing consumer goods. This case

Kerry Grigg

334

Marketing's Influence Tactics in New Product Development: A Study of High Technology Firms in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been widely recognized that marketing's interaction with other functional departments (e.g., R&D) has significant impact on new product success. How- ever, little research addresses how marketing actually behaves in the process of new product development (NPD). Drawing upon marketing, product innovation, and organizational buying literatures, this study contributes to the literature by delineating the types of influence tactics

Kwaku Atuahene-Gima; Haiyang Li

2000-01-01

335

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

336

NOTE: An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy-1 can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min-1) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37° C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding ±30° C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations.

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-02-01

337

[Shared-housing arrangements for care-dependent older persons - characteristics, development and drivers].  

PubMed

Shared-Housing Arrangements (SHA) for care-dependent older persons gain increasing importance as a setting for nursing care in Germany, both in terms of numbers and user preference. This article aims to answer the questions in which phases SHA have developed over time, what the initiator's objectives are, and what factors contributed to SHA proliferation. A systematic review of the literature was conducted that finally included 73 articles. As a result it can be demonstrated that SHA started from "individual user initiatives", became "developing novel services" and finally established themselves as "regular services" in the nursing setting. A typology of different models of SHA can be organised along two dimensions: Firstly the temporal dimension of care organisation and secondly the way care services are purchased. Objectives formulated by the initiators of SHA are: Establishment of a family - like environment, inclusion of relatives, community orientation, security of care provision and maintenance of self-determination. Tailor-made financial and legal regulations supported the spread of SHAs. In reflection of the available literature it becomes evident that no satisfactory consensus on those elements exist that are constitutive for SHAs. Furthermore, there is a dearth of research on whether postulated objectives and other health related goals are actually being met in SHAs. Open questions pertain also the level of self-determination achieved in practice and other outcomes attained. PMID:21480174

Fischer, Thomas; Worch, Andreas; Nordheim, Johanna; Wulff, Ines Martin; Gräske, Johannes; Meye, Sandra; Wolf-Ostermann, Karin

2011-04-01

338

A Framework for Curriculum Development in Marketing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to show marketing education teachers how Missouri's Show-Me Knowledge and Performance Standards can be reflected in the Marketing Education Framework. It is organized to present each of the nine competency strands (instructional units) by learner outcome and competencies. The instructional units are as follows: communications…

Everett, Donna R.

339

Developing Graduate Marketing Programs for Economies in Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes some of the authors' experiences in introducing marketing concepts to students involved in the transition from planned to market economies. It addresses critical issues involved in the translation of these concepts within languages that often have no words that are synonymous with these terms. The authors discuss methods…

Chadraba, Petr G.; O'Keefe, Robert D.

2007-01-01

340

Risk, Financial Markets, and Human Capital in a Developing Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the link between financial market incompleteness and human capital accumulation. The authors examine how child school attendance responds to seasonal fluctuations in the income of agrarian households using panel data from rural India. To pinpoint market imperfections, they study responses to aggregate and idiosyncratic, as well as to anticipated and unanticipated, income shocks. The authors' main finding

Hanan G Jacoby; Emmanuel Skoufias

1997-01-01

341

The housing price downturn and its effects ? a discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing markets in several countries are suffering. The prolonged and strong housing price rises of recent years have turned around. Historical records suggest that housing price drops may happen slowly but be large. Housing prices continue to fall because capital losses have substituted capital gains, housing equities are falling, and housing price expectations have become negative. Household debt had increased

Jens Lunde

2008-01-01

342

Housing Pregnant Mice (Mus musculus) in Small Groups Facilitates the Development of Odor-Based Homing in Offspring  

E-print Network

Housing Pregnant Mice (Mus musculus) in Small Groups Facilitates the Development of Odor-Based Homing in Offspring Hunter Honeycutt and Jeffrey R. Alberts Indiana University Infant mice (Mus musculus in IsoPreg versus SocPreg nest odors, body growth, or motoric capabilities. Exposing pregnant Iso

343

Zero energy balance and zero on-site CO 2 emission housing development in the Mediterranean climate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zero energy balance (ZEB) is an essential and paramount topic in building design. The paper addresses this important research area with special regard to the Mediterranean climate.To deal with ZEB in architecture, a final design proposal for a new housing development in the peri-urban context of Tricase – a town located in the south of Italy – is presented and

A. Ferrante; M. T. Cascella

2011-01-01

344

Homelessness as one component of housing instability and its impact on the development of children in poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of families with children living in poverty and experiencing housing instability and homelessness has increased dramatically over the last two decades. Current public policy decisions will lead to further increases. Understanding the impact of this instability on the emotional, behavioral, and cognitive development of children is imperative. Few studies critically examine the effects of instability on both domiciled

Cathryne L. Schmitz; Janet D. Wagner; Edna M. Menke

1995-01-01

345

Solar energy systems for manufactured housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The opportunities for solar energy utilization in manufactured housing such as mobile homes and modular homes are discussed. The general characteristics of the manufactured housing industry are described including market and prices. Special problems of the utilization of liquid heating collectors, air heating collectors, or passive types of solar heating systems in manufactured housing are considered. The market situation for

Balcomb

1976-01-01

346

Edition One, July 2009 Welcome to HOUSES!  

E-print Network

, interpretation and analysis of the residential property market: Editorial ­ page 4 We all know that house prices-out might affect activity in the housing market for some time to come. Prices - page 10 Find out what's happening to house prices both nationally and regionally. Affordability - page 15 Can households afford

Evans, Paul

347

Unraveling Hidden Order in the Dynamics of Developed and Emerging Markets  

PubMed Central

The characterization of asset price returns is an important subject in modern finance. Traditionally, the dynamics of stock returns are assumed to lack any temporal order. Here we present an analysis of the autocovariance of stock market indices and unravel temporal order in several major stock markets. We also demonstrate a fundamental difference between developed and emerging markets in the past decade - emerging markets are marked by positive order in contrast to developed markets whose dynamics are marked by weakly negative order. In addition, the reaction to financial crises was found to be reversed among developed and emerging markets, presenting large positive/negative autocovariance spikes following the onset of these crises. Notably, the Chinese market shows neutral or no order while being regarded as an emerging market. These findings show that despite the coupling between international markets and global trading, major differences exist between different markets, and demonstrate that the autocovariance of markets is correlated with their stability, as well as with their state of development. PMID:25383630

Berman, Yonatan; Shapira, Yoash; Ben-Jacob, Eshel

2014-01-01

348

Financial Development and Economic Growth in Malaysia: The Stock Market Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the causal relationship between financial development and economic growth is important in enhancing the economy of a nation. Using the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds test approach, this study finds that stock market development is cointegrated with economic growth in the context of Malaysia. Moreover, this test also suggests that stock market development has a significant positive long-run impact

Chee Keong Choong; Zulkornain Yusop; Siong Hook Law; Venus Liew Khim Sen

2003-01-01

349

The Invisible Hand? Using Tax Credits to Encourage Institutional Investment in Social Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over recent decades many developed countries have commercialised the provision of state-subsidised housing, and introduced a stronger role for market forces. Government financial support now often aims to leverage debt or equity investment. Spearheading this policy change is a quest for the ‘Holy Grail’ of contemporary social housing policy: private equity investment, sourced from large institutional investors such as banks

Anita Blessing; Tony Gilmour

2011-01-01

350

Development and Analysis of a Sustainable Low Energy House in a Hot and Humid Climate  

E-print Network

This study examines the lifetime building energy consumption of a typical house in Bangkok, Thailand. The lifetime building energy consumption is composed of three major components: 1) the energy used in building construction (i.e., embodied...

Chulsukon, P.; Haberl, J. S.; Degelman, L. O.; Sylvester, K. E.

2002-01-01

351

75 FR 36245 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pre-Application Deadline and will be responsible for analyzing whether the...partners so that key personnel responsible for grant implementation...result. Indicate the entity responsible for each use and activity...public housing, minorities, socially and economically...

2010-06-24

352

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

...operating expense and capacity building costs. 92.208 Section 92.208...operating expense and capacity building costs. (a) Up to 5 percent...amounts set aside for housing projects that are owned,...

2014-04-01

353

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Protoyping and Construction Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collab...

B. Peeks, S. Rothgeb, T. Hewes

2013-01-01

354

The nature, development and contribution of social marketing to public health practice since 2004 in England.  

PubMed

Social marketing is a highly systematic approach to health improvement that sets out unambiguous success criteria focused on behaviour change. This paper reviews the key concepts and principles of social marketing and its recent rapid development across government in England in the public health field. This paper outlines the role of the National Social Marketing Centre and concludes with a discussion of the probable future impact of social marketing on public health practice. The paper argues that there is a close ideological match between social marketing and liberal democratic imperatives. Social marketing's focus on outcome, return on investment and its emphasis on developing interventions that can respond to diverse needs, means it is probable that social marketing will increasingly be required by governments as a standard part of public health programmes. PMID:19994642

French, Jeff

2009-11-01

355

Development and analysis of a sustainable, low energy house in a hot and humid climate  

E-print Network

4. 1 Case Study House Description, 49 4. 2 Floor Area Allocation . 58 4. 3 Details for the BUILDING-LOCATION Conunand . . . 4. 4 Material Thermal Properties . . . . 69 71 4. 5 Glass Type Properties, 71 4. 6 SPACE-CONDITIONS Details... 4. 1 Case Study House Description, 49 4. 2 Floor Area Allocation . 58 4. 3 Details for the BUILDING-LOCATION Conunand . . . 4. 4 Material Thermal Properties . . . . 69 71 4. 5 Glass Type Properties, 71 4. 6 SPACE-CONDITIONS Details...

Chulsukon, Pattarayut

2012-06-07

356

Beyond NIMBY and poverty deconcentration: reframing the outcomes of affordable rental housing development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policies and research around affordable rental housing remain stuck between the “rock” of not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) fears and the “hard place” of deconcentrating poverty goals, leading to fragmented outcome measurement in contemporary project-based affordable rental housing programs. This article compares the motivations and results of existing research focused on NIMBY concerns around place to that of programs that promote the deconcentration

Corianne Payton Scally; Richard Koenig

2012-01-01

357

Develop security architecture for both in-house healthcare information systems and electronic patient record  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we presented a new security approach to provide security measures and features in both healthcare information systems (PACS, RIS/HIS), and electronic patient record (EPR). We introduced two security components, certificate authoring (CA) system and patient record digital signature management (DSPR) system, as well as electronic envelope technology, into the current hospital healthcare information infrastructure to provide security measures and functions such as confidential or privacy, authenticity, integrity, reliability, non-repudiation, and authentication for in-house healthcare information systems daily operating, and EPR exchanging among the hospitals or healthcare administration levels, and the DSPR component manages the all the digital signatures of patient medical records signed through using an-symmetry key encryption technologies. The electronic envelopes used for EPR exchanging are created based on the information of signers, digital signatures, and identifications of patient records stored in CAS and DSMS, as well as the destinations and the remote users. The CAS and DSMS were developed and integrated into a RIS-integrated PACS, and the integration of these new security components is seamless and painless. The electronic envelopes designed for EPR were used successfully in multimedia data transmission.

Zhang, Jianguo; Chen, Xiaomeng; Zhuang, Jun; Jiang, Jianrong; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Wu, Dongqing; Huang, H. K.

2003-05-01

358

Essays on financial markets, inequality and economic development  

E-print Network

In Chapter 1, I study the effects of wealth inequality on economies where financial markets are imperfect. I exploit the idea that inequality should have a different effect across sectors. Using a difference-in-difference ...

Blaum, Joaquin

2012-01-01

359

Active Desiccant-Based Preconditioning Market Analysis and Product Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Phase 1 report (ORNL\\/Sub\\/94-SVO44\\/1), completed earlier in this program, involved a comprehensive field survey and market analysis comparing various specialized outdoor air handling units. This initial investigation included conventional cooling and reheat, conventional cooling with sensible recovery, total energy recovery systems (passive desiccant technology) and various active desiccant systems. The report concluded that several markets do promise a significant

J. Fischer

2001-01-01

360

HUD (Housing and Urban Development) Intermediate Minimum Property Standards Supplement 4930. 2 (1989 edition). Solar heating and domestic hot water systems  

SciTech Connect

The Minimum Property Standards for Housing 4910.1 were developed to provide a sound technical basis for housing under numerous programs of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These Intermediate Minimum Property Standards for Solar Heating and Domestic Hot Water Systems are intended to provide a companion technical basis for the planning and design of solar heating and domestic hot water systems. These standards have been prepared as a supplement to the Minimum Property Standards (MPS) and deal only with aspects of planning and design that are different from conventional housing by reason of the solar systems under consideration. The document contains requirements and standards applicable to one- and two-family dwellings, multifamily housing, and nursing homes and intermediate care facilities references made in the text to the MPS refer to the same section in the Minimum Property Standards for Housing 4910.1.

Not Available

1989-12-01

361

Are Maternal Antibodies Really That Important? Patterns in the Immunologic Development of Altricial Passerine House Sparrows (Passer domesticus)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundMaternal antibodies are believed to play an integral role in protecting immunologically immature wild-passerines from environmental antigens. This study comprehensively examines the early development of the adaptive immune system in an altricial-developing wild passerine species, the house sparrow (Passer domestics), by characterizing the half-life of maternal antibodies in nestling plasma, the onset of de novo synthesis of endogenous antibodies by

Marisa O. King; Jeb P. Owen; Hubert G. Schwabl; Paul A. Bartell

2010-01-01

362

Thermo-structural development of the ITER ICRF strap housing module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since March 2010 the preliminary design of the ITER ICRF Antennas have been developed by CYCLE, a consortium consisting of IPP (Garching), CCFE (Culham), CEA (Cadarache), Politecnico di Torino (Torino) and LPPERM/KMS (Brussels). This paper describes the steps taken to develop the present geometry of the triplet pair Strap Housing Module from a thermal and structural perspective, and shows the critical areas of the structure. Key issues are the manufacturability, (achieved by HIPing - Hot Isostatic Pressing), the ability to handle the radiating plasma thermal flux of 0.35 MW/m2, the RF losses and the neutronic radiation. HIPing is necessary to achieve the complicated system of cooling channels inside the structure, which divides the coolant equally in order to supply each strap in the triplet with 1 l/s of water. The components have also to withstand the strong mechanical forces generated by plasma disruptions affecting all internal structures and the elevated design cooling water pressure of 5MPa. In order to maximise reliability, joints between different materials in the cooling water system have been kept to a minimum. Therefore, in the interests of fabricability and availability, the whole structure is manufactured out of stainless steel (316L(N)IG). The low conductivity of 316L(N)IG demands small wall thicknesses to avoid hot spots; however this reduces the mechanical strength. Consequently an in depth FEM analysis is presented, which was used to find and to improve the critical aspects of this important component and was the best means of finding the optimum between thermal and mechanical performance.

Winkler, K.; Shannon, M.; Lockley, D.

2014-02-01

363

Understanding Alcohol Consumption and Its Correlates among African American Youths in Public Housing: A Test of Problem Behavior Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

African American youths are overrepresented in urban public housing developments characterized by violence, poverty, and alternative market activities. Using Jessor and Jessor's problem behavior theory (PBT), the authors examined alcohol use and its correlates in a sample of African American youths from three public housing developments (N = 403).…

Lombe, Margaret; Yu, Mansoo; Nebbitt, Von; Earl, Tara

2011-01-01

364

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

...marketing area, regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, familial status, national...financed housing. (i) In determining what auxiliary aids are necessary, the borrower...obtaining housing because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status,...

2014-01-01

365

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...marketing area, regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, familial status, national...financed housing. (i) In determining what auxiliary aids are necessary, the borrower...obtaining housing because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status,...

2011-01-01

366

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...marketing area, regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, familial status, national...financed housing. (i) In determining what auxiliary aids are necessary, the borrower...obtaining housing because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status,...

2012-01-01

367

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...marketing area, regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, familial status, national...financed housing. (i) In determining what auxiliary aids are necessary, the borrower...obtaining housing because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status,...

2013-01-01

368

Sustainable Development and Market Liberalism's Shotgun Wedding: Emissions Trading Under the Kyoto Protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the international emissions trading regime at the heart of the world's effort to address global warming as a means of exploring broader international governance issues. The trading regime seeks to marry two models of global governance, market liberalism, which embraces markets as the model of global governance, and sustainable development, which seeks to change development patterns to

David M. Driesen

2007-01-01

369

Sustainable Development and Market Liberalism's Shotgun Wedding: Emissions Trading Under the Kyoto Protocol  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article analyzes the international emissions trading regime at the heart of the world's effort to address global warming as a means of exploring broader international governance issues. The trading regime seeks to marry two models of global governance, market liberalism, which embraces markets as the model of global governance, and sustainable development, which seeks to change development patterns to

David M. Driesen

2008-01-01

370

Development of a State-Wide Competency Test for Marketing Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to develop a valid, competency-referenced test on the core competencies identified for the Missouri Fundamentals of Marketing curriculum. During the project: (1) multiple-choice test items based on the core competencies in the Fundamentals of Marketing curriculum were developed; (2) instructions for onsite administration of…

Smith, Clifton L.

371

The Development of Advertising and Marketing Education: The First 75 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advertising and marketing education in colleges began in 1893, when Joseph Johnson of the University of Pennsylvania developed a curriculum in journalism that included information about advertising. Other universities developed curricula in journalism that included advertising in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Courses in marketing were offered in…

Applegate, Edd

2008-01-01

372

Locating Chinese urban housing policy in an international context.  

PubMed

China’s economic development has often been contrasted with that of other transition economies in Europe, but academics have fought shy of making direct comparisons of urban housing reform in the two systems. This paper fills this gap by making such direct comparisons. Adopting the market - housing model advocated by the World Bank as an analytical framework it finds that extensive housing privatisation in China is supported by a system of urban housing property rights and a growing residential mortgage market. Although China has a distinctive institutional framework, there is also much variety among the European transition countries, and a distinctive Chinese model was not identified; so this micro-level analysis did not support the contention that China represents a form of "contested modernity." Nonetheless, a crucial point arises from China's hybrid status as a developing as well as a transition country. The bulk of the urban migrant population remains excluded from formal housing policy and enabling strategies that form an element of the market - housing model especially in developing countries are not so much replaced by a distinctive Chinese model as by a yawning gap. PMID:21114090

Stephens, Mark

2010-01-01

373

Experimental Housing Allowance Program. A 1979 Report of Findings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Findings as of April 1979 are reported for experimental programs in the Experimental Housing Allowance Program (direct cash payments to low - income families to aid them in obtaining adequate housing) in 12 different housing markets. Findings consistent a...

J. J. Fitts, T. L. Connell, H. M. Hammerman, G. R. Christopher, E. O. Olsen

1979-01-01

374

Financing social housing in the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the post—1988 Housing Act financing of social housing by independent housing associations, now the main vehicles for the development of new social housing in England. It discusses the political context limiting public funding of social housing; the current financial regime, which has attracted private finance into the social housing field but has also increased rents and thus

Gregory Lomax

1995-01-01

375

76 FR 5518 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA): Refinancing an Existing Cooperative Under Section 207...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Research, U.S. Housing Market Conditions...years of rapid home price appreciation from...2008 for multifamily housing) the aggressive underwriting...support rising property prices in similarly overheated multifamily housing markets. Some...

2011-02-01

376

The photovoltaic market analysis program : background, model development, applications and extensions  

E-print Network

The purpose of this report is to describe and motivate the market analysis program for photovoltaics that has developed over the last several years. The main objective of the program is to develop tools and procedures to ...

Lilien, Gary L.

1981-01-01

377

Developing social marketing capacity to address health issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Social marketing is increasingly being seen as a potentially effective means of pursuing health education practice generally and within various specific areas such as mental health and wellbeing and more broadly in tackling health inequalities. This paper aims to report and reflect on the authors' experiences of undertaking a health education initiative in a rural National Health Service

S. Whitelaw; E. Smart; J. Kopela; T. Gibson; V. King

2011-01-01

378

Internship business development and online marketing nordic countries / Belgium / Portugal  

E-print Network

. We operate shopping platforms in several European countries, offering fashion, furniture media marketing: facebook, twitter, ... What we offer: Internship-compensation Working in the heart of Berlin You will take part in building up a new online-platform from the beginning Integration

Hasýrcý, Vasýf

379

Using open source data in developing competitive and marketing intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper seeks to show how the increasingly popular use of data and information acquired from open sources (OS) impacts competitive and marketing intelligence (C\\/MI). It describes the current state of the art in analysis efforts of open source intelligence (OSINT) in business\\/commercial enterprises, examines the planning and execution challenges organizations are experiencing associated with effectively using and

Craig S. Fleisher

2008-01-01

380

Toward the development of marketing strategies for food safety attributes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Groups of consumers reporting similar food safety concerns and shopping behaviors are identified using cluster analysis. The demographic characteristics of three distinct groups of consumers are described. The results suggest that the potential market for foods emphasizing safety attributes is large. However, significant differences in perceptions and reactions regarding food safety hazards are found. These differences are used to derive

Anya M. McGuirk; Warren P. Preston; Amy McCormick

1990-01-01

381

Industrial robots in Europe - market, applications and developments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Different companies involving a wide range of products and manufacturing processes were studied to define the requirements for industrial robots. A survey of all such automatic units offered on the world market was made to establish a data base. Principal applications include coating, spot welding, and loading and unloading operations.

Schraft, R. D.

1975-01-01

382

Developing Social Marketing Capacity to Address Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Social marketing is increasingly being seen as a potentially effective means of pursuing health education practice generally and within various specific areas such as mental health and wellbeing and more broadly in tackling health inequalities. This paper aims to report and reflect on the authors' experiences of undertaking a health…

Whitelaw, S.; Smart, E.; Kopela, J.; Gibson, T.; King, V.

2011-01-01

383

Market potential and development of automated demand response system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Active participation of Distributed Energy Resources (DER) such as controllable load and battery storage is expected to reduce costs of large penetration of photovoltaic (PV) generation systems connected to a distribution system. This paper assesses the market potential of demand response (DR) programs using questionnaire survey data in Japan. The sum of potential is about 4.7% of estimated peak load

H. Asano; M. Takahashi; N. Ymaguchi

2011-01-01

384

Development, Alumni and University Relations McGill University, Martlet House  

E-print Network

, special events held by the Principal and athletic events. · We seek to enhance the student ex College New Residence Carrefour If the student lives off-campus, in MORE housing, or at 515 Ste in the box below: Final exams are just around the corner and that means added stress on students, and SOAR

Volesky, Bohumil

385

Enabling energy efficiency for low-income housing in Developing countries using MIT Design Advisor  

E-print Network

There is a great need to improve energy efficiency of low-income housing, since people who can afford it least have to pay a significant portion of their income to make their homes more habitable or else live with greater ...

Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

2009-01-01

386

Sustainable Housing Development in Urban Australia: exploring obstacles to and opportunities for ecocity efforts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basic aspects of sustainable housing design such as increasing density, mixed use and proximity to public transport are being adopted increasingly in Australian cities. Sustainable building codes such as NSW's BASIX and Victoria's Green Star rating systems are also being implemented and advanced. More substantial improvements and endeavours such as onsite food production, energy generation and waste treatment, are being

Louise Crabtree

2005-01-01

387

The Impact of Direct Public Funding for Private Developers on Non-Profit Housing Networks in England: Exploring a Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reforms to the funding of new social housing in England in 2004 enabled private sector firms to compete with existing non-profit providers for grant. These reforms are at an early stage, but already around 4 per cent of new social housing is being constructed through direct funding of private developers. Expectations of increased efficiency were partially confirmed by the competitive

David Mullins; Bruce Walker

2009-01-01

388

Housing in the Urban Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet focuses on housing, the most private human environment. The effects of housing on one's social and physical worlds, and in turn on one's attitudes toward the total environment, are examined. The activities in this booklet aim to develop an understanding of space within the housing environment, types of housing, and how one can change…

Berkowitz, Gisha, Ed.; Levy, Alan, Ed.

389

Viewing Housing Holistically: The Resident-Focused Component of the Housing-Plus Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: It is widely believed that housing affects both residents' social and economic opportunities and the prospects for neighborhood upgrading. Housing plus refers to the public or nonprofit sectors providing affordable housing together with services that support family well-being and community development within subsidized rental housing developments. In this article I consider whether providing housing plus services rather than housing

Rachel G. Bratt

2008-01-01

390

Capital market access, factor demand, and agricultural development in rural areas of developing countries: The case of Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

We test for the impact of credit market access on agricultural productivity and off-farm investment using data from a 1992 survey of 10,000 Ugandan households. Results indicate that development of local financial markets improves efficiency of (purchased) input use in agriculture and promotes diversification and non-agricultural investment.

Klaus Deininger; John Okidi

391

Customer service, access and capacity: vital signs for developing a marketing plan.  

PubMed

Marketing plans that do not include an analysis of customer service, access and capacity issues are incomplete documents. Unresolved customer service, access and capacity issues can undermine an otherwise well-designed marketing plan. The medical and administrative leadership of the group practice or clinical department must work together to identify customer service, access and capacity issues which are affecting the practice's ability to respond to the needs of the marketplace. Someone with marketing expertise can provide valuable input to this process. The resulting solutions need to be developed which are realistic and in keeping with the general marketing direction of the practice. PMID:10137357

Bendycki, N; Zeroske, J

1994-01-01

392

Improving energy efficiency: Strategies for supporting sustained market evolution in developing and transitioning countries  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a framework for considering market-oriented strategies for improving energy efficiency that recognize the conditions of developing and transitioning countries, and the need to strengthen the effectiveness of market forces in delivering greater energy efficiency. It discusses policies that build markets in general, such as economic and energy pricing reforms that encourage competition and increase incentives for market actors to improve the efficiency of their energy use, and measures that reduce the barriers to energy efficiency in specific markets such that improvement evolves in a dynamic, lasting manner. The report emphasizes how different policies and measures support one another and can create a synergy in which the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. In addressing this topic, it draws on the experience with market transformation energy efficiency programs in the US and other industrialized countries.

Meyers, S.

1998-02-01

393

Public Marketing: An Alternative Policy Decision-Making Idea for Small Cities. Community Development Research Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of public marketing presents a strategy for the systems approach to community development that would facilitate the community decision making process via improved communication. Basic aspects of the social marketing process include: (1) product policy; (2) channels of distribution; (3) pricing (perceived price vs quality and quantity…

Meyers, James; And Others

394

ALCOHOL BRANDS IN YOUNG PEOPLES’ EVERYDAY LIVES: NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN MARKETING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract — New,developments,in alcohol marketing are likely to be particularly important for younger members,of the population both because of their use of new technology and the role brands play in their lives. This paper discusses the response of youngpeople to this marketing, the functions it fulfils for the alcohol industry and the need for new policy responses. Alcohol & Alcoholism

Sally Casswell

395

Developing an Operational Annual Plan for the Use of Labor Market Information. Guidelines and Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides for Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) prime sponsors who are responsible for labor market information, a set of guidelines to follow for developing an agency-wide plan for the operational use of labor market information. The body of the report outlines step-by-step procedures for creating such a plan. A brief…

Zahniser, Gale

396

Globalization, employment relations and human resources indicators in ten developed market economies: international data sets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides statistical information on internationalization, human resources and labour market outcomes in ten important developed market economies (DMEs). Such data are useful for practitioners and academics who are interested in international HRM. The article's aim is to provide easily accessible statistical tables of selected characteristics, which can be used to draw initial comparisons between countries and to test

Greg J. Bamber; Shaun Ryan; Nick Wailes

2004-01-01

397

Invited Commentary ALCOHOL BRANDS IN YOUNG PEOPLES' EVERYDAY LIVES: NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN MARKETING  

Microsoft Academic Search

New developments in alcohol marketing are likely to be particularly important for younger members of the population both because of their use of new technology and the role brands play in their lives. This paper discusses the response of young people to this marketing, the functions it fulfils for the alcohol industry and the need for new policy responses.

SALLY CASSWELL

398

Connecting the Dots: The Labor Market Information View of Workforce Development. Essays for the Practitioner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph is comprised of 12 essays related to the federal Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), each of which serves as a generic primer on a topic relevant to work force development staff and researchers nationwide. The essays are "Learning the Language of LMI (Labor Market Information): Basic Labor Market Information Terms and Concepts"…

Froeschle, Richard, Ed.

399

Strategies for Developing the Affective Work Competencies of Marketing Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective strategies for developing the affective work competencies of marketing education students include teaching procedures, acquisition of skills and materials for teaching in the affective domain, and implementation considerations. Affective concerns in marketing can be grouped into three broad types of performance categories--self-concept,…

Meyer, Earl C.

400

Towards an Integration of R & D and Marketing in Production Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, two approaches which are characteristic for Research & Development and Marketing departments are compared. First, R&D versus Marketing orientations are explained, then the major differences between them are presented. The integration of both approaches may improve competitive advantage of the food industry. Factors stimulating such integration are presented on the basis of data from real business circumstances.

Jacques Viaene; Renata Januszewska

1999-01-01

401

Communications for Social Marketing: An Approach for Developing Communication Appeals for Family Planning Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study has developed and tested an approach and a methodology for identifying persuasive communication appeals that have the best chances of influencing people’s attitudes and behaviour in the area of social marketing, specifically, family planning. It can be used by social marketers for designing communication campaigns. Social psychologists and sociologists have emphasized that people’s value systems and their perceptions

Bhandari L C

402

The Going-Public Decision and the Development of Financial Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the linkages between stock price efficiency, the choice between private and public financing, and the development of capital markets in emerging economies. Generally, the advantage of public financing is high if costly information is diverse and cheap to acquire, and if investors receive valuable information without cost. The value of public firms generally depends on public market

Avanidhar Subrahmanyam; Sheridan Titman

1999-01-01

403

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development 2009/10-2011/12 Service Plan Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development's overarching purpose is to position British Columbia to meet the competitive challenges of the twenty-first century through better aligning labour market supply and demand. In the six months since the Ministry issued its February 2009 service plan and the subsequent re-election of…

Ministry of Advanced Education and Labour Market Development, 2009

2009-01-01

404

Marketing Informal Education Institutions in Israel: The Centrality of Customers' Active Involvement in Service Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current paper outlines a unique marketing perspective that prevails in some informal education institutions in Israel parallel with "traditional modes of marketing", such as promotion, public relations and the like. Based on a case study research in five community centres, a service development based on active participation of the potential…

Oplatka, Izhar

2004-01-01

405

An Experiment with Official and Parallel Foreign Exchange Markets in a Developing Country.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a classroom experiment that demonstrates under what conditions the parallel market rate approximates the free-market value of the domestic currency. Students act as foreign exchange traders in a developing country. Provides results of the experiment and discussion questions. (CMK)

Hazlett, Denise; Ganje, Jeela

1999-01-01

406

The Impact of Trade and Labor Market Regulations on Employment and Wages: Evidence from Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effects of openness and labor market rigidity on labor market outcomes in the manufacturing sector using panel data from 48 developing countries. Results from reduced form equations for employment and wages suggest hat on average trade liberalization has had a weak impact on employment and wages. At the same time, however, the effects of trade liberalization

Rana Hasan

2001-01-01

407

The Impact of Mortgage Foreclosures on Existing Home Prices in Housing Boom and Bust Cycles: A Case Study of Phoenix, AZ  

E-print Network

of foreclosures on housing prices. This study was estimated with traditional hedonic and spatial hedonic models specified during two different housing cycles in Phoenix, Arizona, during a strong housing market when prices were up (2005) and a down housing market...

Lee, Sang Hyun

2012-07-16

408

The Power of Positional Competition and Market Mechanism: A Case Study of Recent Parental Choice Development in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The positional competition reflected in the current parental choice fever in China is highlighted by the introduction of market mechanisms: buying houses near preferred schools, paying choice fees or co-founding fees, giving donations and spending money on spare time training classes, etc. All of these work effectively together with the…

Wu, Xiaoxin

2008-01-01

409

Renewable energy in Russia: markets, development and technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five potential markets in Russia offer commercial opportunities for renewable energy that are nearly cost-competitive with conventional forms of energy—grid-connected electricity from wind power, electricity for villages and small settlements from hybrid wind-diesel and biomass, district heating for buildings from biomass, hot water for buildings from solar thermal, and electricity and heat from geothermal. Over the last several decades the

E. Martinot

1999-01-01

410

Using GM(1,1) method to forecast the development of cell phone market in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aims to predict the sale amount of 3G mobile phone market of Chunghwa Telecom by GM (1,1) 4 terms prediction model and regression of 3G developing trend and attempts to formulate the suitable countermeasures for 3G development. The result of this research is that the grey prediction theory can fit the four-term development precisely in the 3G market.

Chaang-Yung Kung; Huei-Shr Chen; Chih-Cheng Huang; Kun-Li Wen

2008-01-01

411

The exercise of power to limit the development of new housing in the English countryside  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author argues that power is being exercised by rural elites to prevent much-needed new housing being built in the English countryside. Evidence is presented from five case-study local authorities in rural England, via analysis of interview data and policy documents produced at the regional and local plan-making level. Technocratic explanations for the ongoing failure of the planning system to

John Sturzaker

2010-01-01

412

Housing Tenure and Social Class.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The collection of papers may be said to represent the range and quality of current research on the subject of housing tenure and social class. They analyze how the housing market operates to sort households by occupation and income, and provide valuable e...

R. Harris, G. Pratt

1987-01-01

413

Houses for Dorchester  

E-print Network

The intent of this thesis is to develop a design for thirty units of housing responding to the development objectives of the Nuestra Comunidad Development Corporation (NCDC) in the Upham Corner district of Dorchester. It ...

Chalmers, Thomas C. (Thomas Clark)

1987-01-01

414

Global niche markets and local development : clientelism and fairtrade farmer organizations in Paraguay's sugar industry  

E-print Network

Globalization has transformed the markets in which agricultural goods are traded, placing new demands on farmers around the world. In developing countries, smallholder and peasant farmers lack many of the resources needed ...

Setrini, Gustavo

2011-01-01

415

DEVELOPMENT, DESIGN AND CONSUMER TESTING OF MARKETABLE RESIDENTIAL LED LIGHT LUMINAIRES  

EPA Science Inventory

Developing marketable LED luminaires poses challenges, even though LEDs are energy-efficient and an ecological alternative to conventionally lighting. Challenges include: perceptions that the color rendition of LEDs is unacceptable to the public; numbers of LEDs must be grou...

416

The development and evaluation of alternative designs for the Texas Farm-To-Market route marker  

E-print Network

This thesis documents the development and evaluation of alternative designs for the Texas Fann-to-Market (FM) Highway route marker. Previous research by the Texas Transportation Institute has shown that some portion of the driving population has...

Fenno, David W

2012-06-07

417

Charlie's House Marketing Communications Plan  

E-print Network

City MO 64123 30044 3 Independence MO 64053 30309 2 Kansas City MO 64125 31718 0 Kansas City KS 66104 32183 9 Kansas City MO 64129 32473 4 Kansas City MO 64111 33080 3 Kansas City MO 64105 33684 0 100 14 The second lowest income...

Patch, Aaron; Shoptaw, Carrie; Kopp, Melissa

2012-05-08

418

Development of wheat marketing strategies for the Texas Northern High Plains  

E-print Network

DEVELOPMENT OF WHEAT MARKETING STRATEGIES FOR THE TEXAS NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS A Thesis KARL EDWARD JOHNSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... May 1982 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics DEVELOPMENT OF WHEAT MARKETING STRATEGIES FOR THE TEXAS NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS A Thesis by KARL EDWARD JOHNSON Approved as to style and content by (Chairman of Committe (Member) (Member) (M bez...

Johnson, Karl E

2012-06-07

419

The Determinants of the Secondary Market Price of Less Developed Countries’ Debt  

Microsoft Academic Search

A present-value model of less developed countries’ (LDC) debt is developed to understand the factors that affect the discount\\u000a on the secondary market. LDC debt trades at a substantial discount on the secondary market. This paper investigates the determinants\\u000a of the discount for a sample of 13 countries over a 9 year period. The findings show that debt–exports, foreign currency reserves–imports

Hossein S. Kazemi; Ayla Ogus

2008-01-01

420

Development of Electrophoretic Process for Coating T-53 Air Diffuser, Exhaust Diffuser, and Combustion Chamber Housing with 'Sermetel W' (Trade Name).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report covers activities accomplished to develop an electrophoretic coating method for the application of 'SERMETEL W' to all critical surfaces of the exhaust diffuser, air diffuser and combustion chamber housing of the T-53 engine. 'SERMETEL W' has b...

K. A. Gebler

1967-01-01

421

77 FR 37248 - Delegations of Authority for the Office of Housing-Federal Housing Administration (FHA...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh...facilities. C. Office of Architecture and Engineering. This...Department of Housing and Urban Development Act (42...Director, Office of Architecture and Engineering...

2012-06-20

422

Development of an ASHRAE 152-2004 Duct Model for the Single-Family Residential House  

E-print Network

-12-11 Proceedings of the Sixteenth Symposium on Improving Building Systems in Hot and Humid Climates, Plano, TX, December 15-17, 2008 A computer model of the as-built case-study house was constructed using the DOE-2.1e program (version 119). The Draw... and Humid Climates, Plano, TX, December 15-17, 2008 Schedule = 1 Schedule = 1 5 Thermal mass mode, Air-change = 15, Infiltration Schedule = 1 Thermal mass mode, Air-change = 15, Infiltration Schedule = 1 6 Thermal mass mode, Air-change = 20...

Kim, S.; Haberl, J.

423

Historic Houses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews some of the efforts of the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (SPNEA) to preserve, conserve, and interpret historic houses to the public. Examines the history and some of the specific preservation problems concerning the Beauport Cottage, the Sayward-Wheeler House, and the Gropius House. (MJP)

Curtis, Nancy

1997-01-01

424

Healthy Families Brooklyn: Working with Health Advocates to Develop a Health Promotion Program for Residents Living in New York City Housing Authority Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decreasing health disparities must increase access to care, improve health education and ease navigating the health care system.\\u000a Community Health Workers (CHW) take on these tasks in professional and culturally competent manners. The Healthy Families\\u000a Brooklyn (HFB) Program serves residents in two public housing developments in Brooklyn, NY. Healthy Families Advocates (HFA),\\u000a a type of CHW, are at the core

Necole BrownNicole; Nicole A. Vaughn; Alison J. Lin; Ruth Browne; Marilyn White; Paul Smith

425

24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01...Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2013-04-01

426

24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01...under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.277 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2012-04-01

427

24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01...under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.277 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2011-04-01

428

24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01...Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2012-04-01

429

24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01...under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.277 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2014-04-01

430

24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.  

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2014-04-01...Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2014-04-01

431

24 CFR 213.276 - Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund income or losses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01...Allocation of Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.276 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2011-04-01

432

24 CFR 213.277 - Right and liability under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01...under the Cooperative Management Housing Insurance Fund...213.277 Housing and Urban Development Regulations...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE...Obligations-Projects Cooperative Management Housing Insurance...

2013-04-01

433

7 CFR 1955.113 - Price (housing).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...utilize former single family dwellings as a rental...Market value for multi-family housing projects will...this chapter. Multi-family housing appraisals conducted...time additional market data indicates this...

2012-01-01

434

7 CFR 1955.113 - Price (housing).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...utilize former single family dwellings as a rental...Market value for multi-family housing projects will...this chapter. Multi-family housing appraisals conducted...time additional market data indicates this...

2013-01-01

435

7 CFR 1955.113 - Price (housing).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...utilize former single family dwellings as a rental...Market value for multi-family housing projects will...this chapter. Multi-family housing appraisals conducted...time additional market data indicates this...

2011-01-01

436

7 CFR 1955.113 - Price (housing).  

...UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...utilize former single family dwellings as a rental...Market value for multi-family housing projects will...this chapter. Multi-family housing appraisals conducted...time additional market data indicates this...

2014-01-01

437

7 CFR 1955.113 - Price (housing).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...utilize former single family dwellings as a rental...Market value for multi-family housing projects will...this chapter. Multi-family housing appraisals conducted...time additional market data indicates this...

2010-01-01

438

Expecting the unexpected: applying the Develop-Distort Dilemma to maximize positive market impacts in health.  

PubMed

Although health interventions start with good intentions to develop services for disadvantaged populations, they often distort the health market, making the delivery or financing of services difficult once the intervention is over: a condition called the 'Develop-Distort Dilemma' (DDD). In this paper, we describe how to examine whether a proposed intervention may develop or distort the health market. Our goal is to produce a tool that facilitates meaningful and systematic dialogue for practitioners and researchers to ensure that well-intentioned health interventions lead to productive health systems while reducing the undesirable distortions of such efforts. We apply the DDD tool to plan for development rather than distortions in health markets, using intervention research being conducted under the Future Health Systems consortium in Bangladesh, China and Uganda. Through a review of research proposals and interviews with principal investigators, we use the DDD tool to systematically understand how a project fits within the broader health market system, and to identify gaps in planning for sustainability. We found that while current stakeholders and funding sources for activities were easily identified, future ones were not. The implication is that the projects could raise community expectations that future services will be available and paid for, despite this actually being uncertain. Each project addressed the 'rules' of the health market system differently. The China research assesses changes in the formal financing rules, whereas Bangladesh and Uganda's projects involve influencing community level providers, where informal rules are more important. In each case, we recognize the importance of building trust between providers, communities and government officials. Each project could both develop and distort local health markets. Anyone intervening in the health market must recognize the main market perturbations, whether positive or negative, and manage them so as to maximize the benefits to the health system and population health. PMID:23014153

Peters, David H; Paina, Ligia; Bennett, Sara

2012-10-01

439

Developing biotechnology company's future positioning strategy in prefilled syringe market  

E-print Network

The primary goal for the thesis is to develop a recommendation for Amgen's future prefilled syringe strategy related to its drug process development, supplier relationship management plan, supply and sourcing, and procurement. ...

Lee, Joonhaeng, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01

440

Common Interest Development and the Changing Roles of Government and Market in Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

World-wide, common interest development (CID) and its governance, homeowners' associations (HOAs), are developing rapidly. However, numerous conflicts have given rise to the need to redefine governmental and market roles in current HOA governance. This paper examines the successful development of the NangKang Software Park (NKSP) in Taiwan and draws conclusions for alternative government and other parties involved in neighbourhood management.

Simon C. Y. Chen

2011-01-01

441

The evolution of emerging technologies in market-driven software product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the lifecycle of emerging technologies from the perspective of market-driven software product development. Typically, the underlying concepts of the emerging technology are first elaborated at universities; after some time of intensive research effort, the first prototype is developed. The next stage brings to the scene companies aiming to develop software products using the technology. Then, the first

Carina Alves; Jaelson Castro

2006-01-01

442

Targeting the poor: Taxation of marketed forest products in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we investigate whether taxation of households’ production of marketed forest products in developing countries is likely to assist in achieving the general development objectives of resources conservation and poverty alleviation. Based on an empirical study on such taxation in a village in Tanzania, we develop and solve a theoretical analytical model to analyse taxation, when households’ access

Signe Anthon; Jens Friis Lund; Finn Helles

2008-01-01

443

A Home for Everyone San Joaquin Valley Housing  

E-print Network

research on market-based solutions for healthy, prosperous and convenient communities. The Council and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Preservation of Farmland and Open Spaces 2. Housing Preferences, or What Valley Residents Want . . . . . . . 21 3. Market Demand and Market Viability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 for Attached

Tipple, Brett

444

The New Financial Development Paradigm and Asian Bond Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the better part of the last century, the debate between ‘liberalisers’ and ‘interventionists’ marked thinking about the relationship between finance and development. It has by now been superseded by the emergence of the discourse of financial system development, which links economic growth to the development of the financial sector. As the risks entailed by wholesale financial reform came to

Lena Rethel

2010-01-01

445

Market definition study of photovoltaic power for remote villages in developing countries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The potential market of photovoltaic systems in remote village applications in developing countries is assessed. It is indicated that photovoltaic technology is cost-competitive with diesel generators in many remote village applications. The major barriers to development of this market are the limited financial resources on the part of developing countries, and lack of awareness of photovoltaics as a viable option in rural electrification. A comprehensive information, education and demonstration program should be established as soon as possible to convince the potential customer countries and the various financial institutions of the viability of photovoltaics as an electricity option for developing countries.

Ragsdale, C.; Quashie, P.

1980-01-01

446

Integration of marketing communications in historical development: informational content analysis of websites and magazine advertisements in Australia.  

E-print Network

??It has taken advertisers many years to develop integrated advertising communication strategies that could incorporate many or all traditional marketing communication channels that developed separately,… (more)

Baron, Michael

2008-01-01

447

The Development of Open-air Markets in East-Central Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the way in which open-air markets have developed as a legacy of both the communist and pre-communist systems, but have taken distinctive forms in the post-communist context. The small-scale capitalism represented by open-air markets is often informal and not often analysed in the context of the transformation process in East and Central Europe. However, this paper argues

Endre Sik; Claire Wallace

1999-01-01

448

Coal-fueled high-speed diesel engine development: Task 2, Market assessment and economic analysis  

SciTech Connect

Based on the preliminary coal engine design developed, this task was conducted to identify the best opportunity(s) to enter the market with the future coal-fueled, high-speed diesel engine. The results of this market and economic feasibility assessment will be used to determine what specific heavy duty engine application(s) are most attractive for coal fuel, and also define basic economic targets for the engine to be competitive.

Not Available

1991-12-01

449

A Feasibility Study of Automated Natural Language Requirements Analysis in Market-Driven Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In market-driven software development there is a strong need for support to handle congestion in the requirements engineering\\u000a process, which may occur as the demand for short time-to-market is combined with a rapid arrival of new requirements from\\u000a many different sources. Automated analysis of the continuous flow of incoming requirements provides an opportunity to increase\\u000a the efficiency of the requirements

Johan Natt Och Dag; Björn Regnell; Pär Carlshamre; Michael Andersson; Joachim Karlsson

2002-01-01

450

A Feasibility Study of Automated Natural Language Requirements Analysis in Market-Driven Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In market-driven software development there is a strong need for support to handle congestion in the require- ments engineering process, which may occur as the demand for short time-to-market is combined with a rapid arrival of new requirements from many different sources. Automated analysis of the continuous flow of incoming requirements provides an opportunity to increase the efficiency of the

451

A Mixed-Method Approach for Developing Market Segmentation Typologies in the Sports Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents a mixed-method approach for segmenting a sports product-market using participa- tion motivation data. Qualitative data are used to seg- ment a national sports product-market—running footwear—using qualitative analysis software as well as multivariate statistical approaches. This study describes a systematic approach to developing a con- sumer segmentation typology using both demographic variables as well as self-expressed motivations for

Andrew J. Rohm; George R. Milne; Mark A. McDonald

2006-01-01

452

Application of stochastic differential geometry to the term structure of interst rates in developed markets  

SciTech Connect

This paper deals with further developments of the new theory that applies stochastic differential geometry (SDG) to dynamics of interest rates. We examine mathematical constraints on the evolution of interest rate volatilities that arise from stochastic differential calculus under assumptions of an arbitrage free evolution of zero coupon bonds and developed markets (i.e., none of the party/factor can drive the whole market). The resulting new theory incorporates the Heath-Jarrow-Morton (HJM) model of interest rates and provides new equations for volatilities which makes the system of equations for interest rates and volatilities complete and self consistent. It results in much smaller amount of volatility data that should be guessed for the SDG model as compared to the HJM model. Limited analysis of the market volatility data suggests that the assumption of the developed market is violated around maturity of two years. Such maturities where the assumptions of the SDG model are violated are suggested to serve as boundaries at which volatilities should be specified independently from the model. Our numerical example with two boundaries (two years and five years) qualitatively resembles the market behavior. Under some conditions solutions of the SDG model become singular that may indicate market crashes. More detail comparison with the data is needed before the theory can be established or refuted.

Taranenko, Y.; Barnes, C.

1996-12-31

453

Impacts of housing development on nutrients flow along canals in a peri-urban area of Bangkok, Thailand.  

PubMed

Change of nutrients load and flow according to land-use change induced by housing development was investigated in Bang Yai, Nonthaburi, Thailand, which located in the peri-urban area of Bangkok. Each house in the newly developed residential community was regulated to be equipped with a septic tank to collect night soil. However, greywater and leachate from the septic tank was collected by a community sewage system and discharged into the canals with insufficient treatment, while the canals still function as infrastructure for irrigation and transportation. In the study area, built-up area became 1.4 times and agricultural fields decreased by 13% from 2003 until 2007. Total nutrients load to the canals was increased by 25% as nitrogen and 14% as phosphorus according to the increase of built-up area. Net nutrients load from agricultural fields was largely set off when we evaluated nutrients inflow from the canals to the agricultural field through irrigation. Consequently, nutrients load from domestic wastewater accounted most of net nutrients load into the canal. PMID:20182088

Honda, R; Hara, Y; Sekiyama, M; Hiramatsu, A

2010-01-01

454

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2013-04-01

455

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2014-04-01

456

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (a) The provisions...section 203(n) of the National Housing Act. (b) As used in connection...finance the unpaid purchase price of a Corporate Certificate...of a cooperative ownership housing corporation in which...

2012-04-01

457

Marketing Education National Research Conference Report. Marketing Practices: Implications for Developing a Future Workforce. (Key West, Florida, April 15-17, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This conference provided a forum for presenting research findings to educators and other audiences interested in marketing education. The following papers were presented: "Application and Utilization of the Marketing Education Baccalaureate Degree in the Public School--Training and Development Arenas" (Wyant, Prey); "The Impact of Alternative…

Norwood, Marcella M., Ed.

458

Influence of housing and season on pubertal development, boar taint compounds and skin lesions of male pigs.  

PubMed

Rearing entire pigs may lead to meat quality and welfare problems in relation to pubertal development. A better knowledge of the sources of variation of pubertal development, behaviour and boar taint is needed before generalizing entire male pigs. From 84 days of age, entire male pigs were reared in groups of 10 either in a conventional (C, 1 m²/animal, slatted floor) or an enriched (E, 2.5 m²/animal, straw bedding, outdoor run) housing during spring or autumn and fed ad libitum (n=10/housing/season). Mounting behaviour was observed for 3 h during the third (M3), fourth (M4) and fifth (M5) months of age. The total number of skin lesions was counted on both sides of the pigs 1 day before the behavioural recordings. The time spent in the outdoor run was also recorded during 3 days per month. The animals were slaughtered at 161±1 days of age (122±9 kg live weight). Blood samples were collected at 89 (M3), 119 (M4) and 152 (M5) days of age and at slaughter for the testosterone and oestradiol measurements. The testes were collected at slaughter, freed from the surrounding tissues and weighed. The fat samples were collected for the androstenone and skatole concentration measurement. Plasma testosterone and oestradiol-17? (oestradiol), fat androstenone and skatole and weight of the testes did not differ between the housing systems. Plasma testosterone (8.3 v. 3.9 nmol/l, P<0.05) and oestradiol (12.0 v. 9.2 pmol/l, P<0.1) at M3, fat skatole (0.124 v. 0.043, P<0.03) and weight of the testes (587 v. 512 g, P<0.05) were higher in the autumn than in the spring trial, suggesting that the pubertal development was accelerated. The number of received mounting behaviours was slightly higher in the autumn (P=0.08) trial and was markedly higher in the E than in the C environment (P<0.003). Skin lesions were more numerous in the C than in the E housing at M4 and M5 and in the spring than in the autumn trial at M3 and M4 (P<0.05). Fat androstenone and the number of performed mounting behaviours were significantly correlated between each other and with numerous indicators of the pubertal development (P<0.05). The number of skin lesions was correlated with plasma testosterone and live weight (P<0.05). Overall, this study suggests the effect of season on sexual development, the effect of the housing system on behaviour, and demonstrates the links between sexual hormones, behaviour and boar taint. PMID:24047862

Prunier, A; Brillouët, A; Merlot, E; Meunier-Salaün, M C; Tallet, C

2013-12-01

459

24 CFR 511.13 - Nondiscrimination, equal opportunity, and affirmative marketing requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...requirements for affirmatively marketing units in rehabilitated...become vacant. Affirmative marketing steps consist of good faith...from all racial, ethnic and gender groups in the housing market...housing. (These affirmative marketing procedures will not...

2012-04-01

460

24 CFR 511.13 - Nondiscrimination, equal opportunity, and affirmative marketing requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...requirements for affirmatively marketing units in rehabilitated...become vacant. Affirmative marketing steps consist of good faith...from all racial, ethnic and gender groups in the housing market...housing. (These affirmative marketing procedures will not...

2011-04-01

461

24 CFR 511.13 - Nondiscrimination, equal opportunity, and affirmative marketing requirements.  

...requirements for affirmatively marketing units in rehabilitated...become vacant. Affirmative marketing steps consist of good faith...from all racial, ethnic and gender groups in the housing market...housing. (These affirmative marketing procedures will not...

2014-04-01

462

24 CFR 511.13 - Nondiscrimination, equal opportunity, and affirmative marketing requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirements for affirmatively marketing units in rehabilitated...become vacant. Affirmative marketing steps consist of good faith...from all racial, ethnic and gender groups in the housing market...housing. (These affirmative marketing procedures will not...

2010-04-01

463

24 CFR 511.13 - Nondiscrimination, equal opportunity, and affirmative marketing requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirements for affirmatively marketing units in rehabilitated...become vacant. Affirmative marketing steps consist of good faith...from all racial, ethnic and gender groups in the housing market...housing. (These affirmative marketing procedures will not...

2013-04-01

464

REGULATION AND THE HIGH COST OF HOUSING Regulation and the High Cost of Housing in California  

E-print Network

the national inflation rate. During the past three years, housing prices in five coastal counties increased development over housing construction, to favor development of expensive housing over moderately priced land-use regulations, growth in the hous- ing stock, and housing prices in California cities. First, we

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

465

Homelessness and Housing: A Human Tragedy, A Moral Challenge. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development of the Committee on Banking, Finance, and Urban Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Catholic charities and church groups have been actively engaged in providing basic shelter needs for homeless people long before the issue of homelessness came to the national attention. The purpose of this hearing was to allow the U.S. Catholic Conference and its Domestic Policy Committee to present its report, "Homelessness and Housing: A Human…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs.

466

75 FR 10210 - Market Development Cooperator Program 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and firms by promoting international trade and investment...intellectual property rights; training foreign staff...intellectual property rights, and other non- tariff...Centers, centers for international trade development and...Visitors bureau or tourism promotion...

2010-03-05

467

TEAM-UP PV-friendly pricing projects: Validation of market research and market development  

SciTech Connect

More than two dozen electric utilities in the US have initiated renewable energy programs funded in total or in part by customers willing to pay a premium to either have their utility develop and use renewable technologies or have part of their own electric service needs supplied by renewable energy sources. These programs are beginning to answer key questions regarding the numbers and characteristics of customers that are willing to pay these premiums for clean, nonpolluting energy. Also, economic viability, level of revenue support, and other questions are critical to successful programs. This paper provides information on a number of utility efforts now underway which use photovoltaic (PV) systems and are part of the government-utility industry TEAM-UP program; it will also provide some early findings and perspectives that are coming from these utility efforts around the US.

Bigger, J.E.; Hester, S.L. [Utility PhotoVoltaic Group, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-12-31

468

The development of the European market for organic products: insights from a Delphi study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is present experiences using a well-established forecasting tool, the Delphi method, to explore the dynamics of, and prospects for the development of the market for organic food in Europe. Delphi, developed by the Rand co-operation to improve military technology forecasting, uses expert feedback to refine an informed perspective on complex or uncertain issues.

Susanne Padel; Peter Midmore

2005-01-01

469

New Markets for Meeting Old Needs: U.S. Distance Education and Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the broad context and covers practical applications for delivering distance education in countries of the developing world. It begins by examining market trends in global higher education and continues by reviewing existing distance education activity in developing countries. This is followed by a discussion of the…

Carty, Winthrop

470

Skills for the Changing Workplace: A Marketing Educator's Guide. Research and Development Series No. 253.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This three-part instructional guide was developed to assist vocational instructors in marketing education to help their students in the development of broadly applicable, nontechnical (often called quality of work life--QWL) skills. The first section of the guide describes in detail the important QWL skills needed for work and identifies specific…

Warmbrod, Catharine P.; Gordon, Marilyn J.

471

The Development of a Multidimensional Measure of Job Market Cognitions: The Employment Opportunity Index (EOI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to develop a multidimensional measure of job market perceptions based on a meta-analysis by R. P. Steel and R. W. Griffeth (1989). Item sets were developed to operationally define the dimensions and were tested among 3 samples. Results of a series of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses in 3 samples indicated that the 5

Rodger W. Griffeth; Robert P. Steel; David G. Allen; Norman Bryan

2005-01-01

472

Farmland Preservation and Residential Density: Can Development Rights Markets Affect Land Use?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines transferable development rights (TDRs) policies as a way to preserve farmland and change the density of development. Characteristics of TDR markets are described, including why they might promote efficiency, and the difficulties that arise in implementing them. Evidence from an established TDR program in Calvert County, Maryland, is used to assess the potential for TDRs to influence

Virginia D. McConnell; Elizabeth Kopits; Margaret Walls

2005-01-01

473

The collapse of the Railway Mania, the development of capital markets, and Robert Lucas Nash, a  

E-print Network

The collapse of the Railway Mania, the development of capital markets, and Robert Lucas Nash version, June 25, 2011 Abstract. It is well known that the great Railway Mania in Britain in the 1840s had totally forgotten. The collapse of the Railway Mania provides interesting perspectives on the development

Odlyzko, Andrew M.

474

Trash it or sell it? A strategic analysis of development and market introduction of product innovations  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the strategic incentives for investments in process in- novation and the market introduction of product innovations under quantity competition. A duopoly setting is considered where one flrm develops a new product which is horizontally difierentiated from the ex- isting product. Deviating from the standard literature, we distinguish between development of a new product and its launch. We analyze

Herbert Dawid; Michael Kopel; Thomas Dangl

475

Development of Open Source Software for Power Market Research: The AMES Test Bed  

E-print Network

1 Development of Open Source Software for Power Market Research: The AMES Test Bed Hongyan Li, Student Member, IEEE, and Leigh Tesfatsion, Member, IEEE Abstract--Open Source Software (OSS) expresses the idea that developers should be able to license the publication of their software in a manner permitting

Tesfatsion, Leigh

476

Animal House  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of this activity is to design, build and test a house or toy for an animal. Learners will research a particular animal and design a house or toy that will encourage that animal's specific behaviors. Each house or toy must fit into the animal's cage, support the animal's size and weight, and be constructed of non-toxic materials. Safety note: adult supervision recommended for cutting cardboard boxes.

Museum Of Science, Boston

2005-01-01

477

Developments in the Market for Client-based Management Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 19 human resource managers, 6 consultants, and 11 business faculty investigated the effectiveness of client-based management education. Results suggested that strategic management education is a business imperative and many companies are developing partnerships with business schools to deliver training that supports business…

Prince, Christopher

2002-01-01

478

ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF INTERNET HOTEL MARKETING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the continuously increasing number of published work on the use of the Internet in tourism and hospitality literature, little has been written specifically on issues faced by hoteliers in developing countries and how they could learn from other successful practices. Indeed, analyzing the well performing destinations would provide useful insights for hoteliers in less performing counterparts around the world

Norman Au; Erdogan H. Ekiz

2009-01-01

479

Agricultural Diversification and Marketing. Instructional Materials Developed for Secondary, Postsecondary, and Continuing Education Agriculture Programs in Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials on agricultural diversification and marketing were developed for use by Iowa's vocational and technical agricultural instructors and extension personnel. This document is one of three manuals making up a single package. (The other two are Christmas Tree Production and Marketing and Sod Production and Marketing). The…

Iowa State Dept. of Agriculture, Des Moines.

480

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategies for Commercializing the Small Diameter Douglas-fir  

E-print Network

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategies the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;WOOD 465 ASSIGNMENT Marketing Strategies presents the concrete products, provides detailed information and makes feasible marketing strategies

481

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategy for Small Diameter Douglas-fir  

E-print Network

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategy the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;Marketing Strategy for Small Diameter Columbia 11 April 2003 #12;ii Executive Summary "Marketing Strategy for Small Diameter Douglas

482

Economy in energy through alternative sources of energy in mass-housing of developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy is an integral part of the development process and a major determinant for the improvement of the quality of life in human settlements. Skyrocketing oil price increases in recent years has made development increasingly difficult for at least two-thirds of the developing countries. An increasing number of developing countries are searching for new sources of energy and more efficient

Sinha

1980-01-01

483

MARKETING WORKS: Marketing Works is an opportunity for companies and organizations to commission a marketing  

E-print Network

International marketing strategy development New product development for international markets International: Evaluation of marketing opportunities Marketing analysis and strategy Media strategies Customer serviceMARKETING WORKS: Marketing Works is an opportunity for companies and organizations to commission

Mottram, Nigel

484

Market Size and Innovation: Effects of Medicare Part D on Pharmaceutical Research and Development  

PubMed Central

Recent evidence suggests that Medicare Part D increased prescription drug use among seniors, and increased pharmaceutical firms’ revenues from sales. Previous studies also indicate that increases in market size induce pharmaceutical innovation. This paper assesses the impact of the Medicare Part D legislation on pharmaceutical research and development (R&D), using time-series data on the number of drugs entering preclinical and clinical development by therapeutic class and phase. We find that the passage and implementation of Medicare Part D is associated with significant increases in pharmaceutical R&D for therapeutic classes with higher Medicare market share. PMID:23869113

Sood, Neeraj

2012-01-01

485

Understanding the World Housing Boom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper develops an open,economy,growth,model,with land and housing services to account,for interna- tional evidence on the behavior of housing prices since 1970. An 18-country panel data set on housing prices and other aggregate variables indicates a “multiplier”e¤ect in which housing,price growth,varies much,more than one-for-one with overall economic growth, both across countries and within countries over time. The key insight

James A. Kahn

486

Traditional Housing Designs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Use of timber for housing construction in developing countries, with special reference to traditional building design - covers (1) the critical shortage of adequate dwellings; problems of providing appropriate building materials; need for use of available...

1986-01-01

487

Clay Houses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes a project designed for fourth-graders that involves making clay relief sculptures of houses. Knowing the clay houses will become a family heirloom makes this lesson even more worth the time. It takes three classes to plan and form the clay, and another two to underglaze and glaze the final products.

Pedro, Cathy

2011-01-01

488

Harvard University's Joint Center for Housing Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1959, the Joint Center for Housing Studies (JCHS) at Harvard is a collaborative unit affiliated with the Graduate School of Design and the Kennedy School of Government. The Center's central focus is to "analyze the dynamic relationships between housing markets and economic, demographic, and social trends, providing leaders in government, business, and the non-profit sector with the knowledge needed to develop effective policies and strategies." The site contains links to information about ongoing research projects, educational opportunities in the field, publications, and people affiliated with JCHS. The publication section is quite strong, as visitors can browse through a diverse set of publications (many of which are available at not cost) by thematic focus, including finance, community, development, and industry studies. One of the more compelling recent publications (most of which is available here) is the monograph titled Low-Income Homeownership: Examining the Unexamined Goal.

489

Contract-based electricity markets in developing countries: Overcoming inefficiency constraints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The electric utility sector throughout the world has been undergoing significant changes. It is changing from its traditional, central-station generation model managed under a vertically integrated monopoly to a more market-dependent business. In the rich industrialized countries, this change has progressed rapidly with the emergence of competitive markets---not only in the area of electricity generation, but also in the extension of such markets down to the level of retail domestic consumer. Developing countries, on the other hand, are trying to attract much-needed investment capital for their power sector expansion activities, particularly for the expansion of generating capacity, through the involvement of the private sector. Unlike their industrialized counterparts, they are facing many limitations in transforming the mostly government-owned monopolies into market-driven businesses, thereby creating an environment that is conducive to private sector participation. Amongst these limitations are the lack of a well-developed, local private sector or domestic financial market that can handle the sophisticated power sector financing; inadequate legal and regulatory frameworks that can address the many complexities of private power development; and numerous risk factors including political risks. This dissertation research addresses an important inefficiency faced by developing countries in the new contract-based market structure that has emerged within these countries. It examines the inefficiencies brought on by restrictions in the contracts, specifically those arising from the guaranteed purchase conditions that are typically included in contracts between the purchasing utility and independent power producers in this new market. The research attempts to provide a solution for this problem and proposes a methodology that enables the parties to conduct their businesses in a cost-efficient manner within a cooperative environment. The situation described above is modeled as a cooperative game based on the relationships that typically exist in power pools. This model draws its mathematical basis from game theory. This research demonstrates that the proposed model has a theoretical solution that yields an efficient allocation of resources. Furthermore, this solution has a significant practical validity as a tool that can be employed by developing country governments faced with similar market situations. In the case study presented here, the model is tested using data from a small developing country.

Perera, M. N. Susantha

490

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development  

E-print Network

, or the National Center for Healthy Housing. For additional copies of this manual, download a PDF (http://www.cdc.gov/nceh/publications/books .........................................................................................................................12 Children's Play Areas

491

Conservation and tourism development of house settlements in Moso matriarchate in Lugu Lake area  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the present situation of the settlement and the influence of tourism development and construction. It\\u000a discusses the attitude toward the conservation and development of the settlement as well as the way to maintain the production,\\u000a life, and culture of the Mosian and the way to promote the sustainable development of the settlement by tourism.

Yaoyun Xing; Zhujiu Xia; Jian Dai

2009-01-01

492

CONSTRUCTION COSTS AND THE SUPPLY OF HOUSING STRUCTURE &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT.?Construction costs account for the bulk of the price of new houses in most markets, but their study has been relatively neglected. We document that there are economically large differences in construction costs across U.S. housing markets. We also estimate a very elastic supply for physical structure; hence, differences in construction activity across markets do not explain the variation in

Joseph Gyourko; Albert Saiz

2006-01-01

493

Organizational Climate Antecedents to the Market Orientation of Cross-Functional New Product Development Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between organizational climate variables and the three components of market orientation are tested to investigate if the findings published by Jaworski and Kohli (1993) are confirmed in an industry-specific sample of cross-functional new product development teams at the sub -SBU level. The findings support Jaworski's and Kohli's (1993) findings for two of their variables, are opposite their findings

John Hafer; George G. Gresham

2008-01-01

494

Pluralist methodology for development economics: the example of moral economy of Indian labour markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper adds a moral angle to the pluralist approach to development economics, exploring the normative assumptions found in all the five main schools of thought that have analysed India's rural labour markets (neoclassical, new institutionalist, Marxist political economy, formalized political economy and feminist). The theorizations that are used by each have normative overtones, which are distinguished here from normative

Wendy Olsen

2007-01-01

495

The Development of the European Information Market through Education and Training--The Portuguese Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Portugal's role in the development of a European information market. Highlights include the role of the European Economic Community, particularly the Commission of the European Communities; information management education at the University of Sheffield in Portugal; and future possibilities. (eight references) (LRW)

Correia, Ana Maria Ramalho; Wilson, Tom

1993-01-01

496

The Emerging External Labor Market and the Impact on Enterprise's Human Resource Development in China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Labor strategies of eight enterprises in Shanghai and Beijing were profiled. Changes in national policy had created a highly competitive market. High skill requirements of jobs and shortages of skilled labor meant companies emphasized internal employee development over recruitment. However, they lacked strategies for retaining trained employees.…

Benson, John; Zhu, Ying

2002-01-01

497

Labor market dynamics in developing countries: comparative analysis using continuous time Markov processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors study the dynamics of three developing country labor markets using recent advances in the estimation of continuous time Markov processes. They first examine the flows of workers among five states: three types of paid labor, unemployment, and out of the labor force. The authors find a high degree of commonality in patterns of worker flows among the three

Mariano Bosch; William Maloney

2005-01-01

498

Budget Deficits and Inflation: The Roles of Central Bank Independence and Financial Market Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the relationship between budget deficits and inflation with the view that the nature of this relationship depends on the characteristics of monetary and financial institutions. The main hypothesis is that budget deficits are especially inflationary when both the central bank is not independent and the financial market is not developed enough to contain inflationary expectations. The empirical

Bilin Neyapti

2003-01-01

499

Supply chain market orientation in new product development in the UK : A pilot case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Textile industry supply chains take raw materials through several processes before reaching the consumer. At the start of a supply chain the consumer seems far away and the degree to which the raw material plays a part in the consumer product is difficult to gauge. This case presents details of market research for a new product development that aimed to

Robert Redfern; Caroline L. Davey

2003-01-01

500

An Analysis of Post-Product Development Market Research and its Effects on Firms and Consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines a model of post-product development market research that allows firms to improve their information about demand curves. The process does not allow perfect information at finite expenditure levels. The model examines oligopolistic behavior and social welfare in the heterogeneous product world. The basic results derived are that investment of this type bears no externality to other firms

Randal Reed

1992-01-01