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1

US Housing Market Conditions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Housing and Urban Development has made available the full text of this periodical publication. US Housing Market Conditions is a quarterly publication that contains national and regional housing information, as well as historical data tables. Issues from the 1st two quarters of 1997 are available in HTML format, while previous issues are available in text and .pdf formats. Older tables are available in .pdf format only.

1998-01-01

2

Does Housing Finance Promote Economic and Social Development in Emerging Markets ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assisted by growing capital supply, declining interest rates and legal re- forms, in the past decade housing finance has grown dramatically in emerging markets. The study explores with evidence available from early emerging markets mainly from Latin America and Asia under which condi- tions the lending boom translated into a dynamic and sustainable eco- nomic and social development as measured

Hans-Joachim Dübel

3

Simulation of Housing Market Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed over the past decade by the Urban Studies Croup of the National Bureau of Economic Research, the NBER Urban Simulation Model is primarily a model of the urban housing market. It represents other urban phenomena such as industrial location, transportation systems, and changes in the demographic structure of the population, but the behavior of the housing \\

John F. Kain; William C. Apgar

1979-01-01

4

Agenda for the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing market is the theme of the Reports to the 2008 Annual Meeting of the Royal Netherlands Economic Association. Current\\u000a housing market policies in the Netherlands generate substantial welfare losses. The direct and indirect subsidies on housing\\u000a distort the housing market, house moving behaviour, the labour market and the asset portfolio of households. The welfare loss\\u000a is estimated at

Henk Don

2009-01-01

5

Segmentation in Urban Housing Markets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the hypothesis that urban housing markets are segmented, in the sense that significantly different prices per unit of housing services exist contemporaneously in spatially or structurally defined markets, is tested. A main conclusion is that the market is working fairly efficiently to eliminate price premiums and discounts.…

Schnare, Ann B.; Struyk, Raymond J.

1976-01-01

6

Housing and Mortgage Markets in the SEACEN Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report reviews the current development of housing and mortgage market in the SEACEN region; identifies factors influencing housing prices and rents as well as the mortgage markets; and attempts to better understand the interactions among housing and mortgage markets with other economic variables and with respect to financial stability. The study also recommmends measures to develop the housing and

Bambang Kusmiarso

7

Towards a Microsimulation Residential Housing Market Model: Real Estate Appraisal and New Housing Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a mid-size industrial city in North America, the City of Hamilton has been increasingly experiencing urban sprawl in the past six decades coupled with population growth and economic development. The study of various interdependent processes driving the evolution of urban form requires the application of simulation models that offer urban planners and policy-makers an efficient means for evaluating urban

Xudong Liu

2011-01-01

8

75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

2010-01-26

9

Bubbles in Metropolitan Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A commonsense and empirically supported approach to explaining metropolitan real house price changes is for the theory to describe an equilibrium price level to which the market is constantly adjusting. The determinants of real house price appreciation, then, can be divided into two groups, one that explains changes in the equilibrium price and the other that accounts for the adjustment

Jesse M. Abraham; Patric H. Hendershott

1994-01-01

10

Integration and Contagion in US Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores integration and contagion among US metropolitan housing markets. The analysis applies Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) house price repeat sales indexes from 384 metropolitan areas to estimate a multi-factor model of U.S. housing market integration. It then identifies statistical jumps in metropolitan house price returns as well as MSA contemporaneous and lagged jump correlations. Finally, the paper

John Cotter; Stuart Gabriel; Richard Roll

2011-01-01

11

Housing - Market Commodity of the Welfare State  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main thesis of the paper is that housing policies are best perceived as state correctives to the housing market. The 'dominant policy theory' is that market contracts serve as the main mechanism for distributing housing, while state intervention has the form of correctives, defining the economic and institutional setting of those market contracts. In the paper, the dominance of

Bo Bengtsson

12

Predicting turning points in the housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We identify leading indicators of changes in the housing market and compare their performance in predicting turning points. Being able to predict turning points is of importance to the home building industry, homeowners, and makers of housing policy. Our leading indicators include the Wells Fargo\\/NAHB Housing Market Index, two of its forward looking components, and an index of consumer sentiment

Roberto M. Croce; Donald R. Haurin

2009-01-01

13

Regional Labour Market Dynamics, Housing and Migration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to explore the dynamics of regional labour markets in terms of migration flows. In particular, the study explores the impact of labour markets and housing markets on migration. The internal and the external re-organisations of regional labour markets are shown to be related. An increase in internal turnover within establishments in regional labour markets

Kari Hämäläinen; Petri Böckerman

2002-01-01

14

A Note on Lending Indicators of Housing Market Price Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most indicators of changing housing demand and supply provide signals for longer term trends. Many market participants such as mortgage lenders, speculators, real estate brokers, developers, and appraisers, would benefit if short term price trends could be better monitored and predicted. This research builds upon several simple and straightforward statistical indicators of housing market price movements to analyze either local,

Norman G. Miller; Michael A. Sklarz

1986-01-01

15

Local house price developments and housing supply  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In this paper, we identify the relationship between (local) housing supply and (local) house price developments, especially in The Netherlands. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – We measure the influence of new building on house prices by comparing areas designated for concentrated new building (main Dutch cities) with areas where no large housing projects are developed. On the basis of classical economic

Paul De Vries; Peter Boelhouwer

2005-01-01

16

Regional Labor Market Dynamics, Housing, and Migration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?This study explores the impact of plant‐level labor market dynamics and housing markets on gross migration flows. The internal and the external reorganizations of regional labor markets are shown to be related. An increase in internal turnover of jobs and workers in regional labor markets is found to increase net‐migration. This effect arises mainly from a reduction in out‐migration. Housing

Kari Hämäläinen; Petri Böckerman

2004-01-01

17

Housing markets and the economy: the assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing markets have multiple interactions with the rest of the economy and these are surveyed in this paper. The drivers of house prices include income, the housing stock, demography, credit availability, interest rates, and lagged appreciation, the latter a potential mechanism for overshooting. There is rather less agreement on the determinants of new construction, though planning constraints are widely seen

John Muellbauer; Anthony Murphy

2008-01-01

18

Housing, Wages and UK Labour Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a considerable literature concerning the effects on labor mobility of imperfections in United Kingdom markets for rented housing (such as the 1987 book by Minford et al. and several articles by Hughes and McCormick). This paper examines the interaction of labor and housing markets, including the owner-occupied sector, in a more general framework. Our analysis has implications for

Olympia Bover; John Muellbauer; Anthony Murphy

1988-01-01

19

7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture...Housing § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the...

2010-01-01

20

7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture...Housing § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the...

2009-01-01

21

24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. 200.625 Section 200...625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation...indicating his affirmative fair housing marketing plan to comply with the...

2010-04-01

22

24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. 200.625 Section 200...625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation...indicating his affirmative fair housing marketing plan to comply with the...

2009-04-01

23

Spatial Autocorrelations and Urban Housing Market Segmentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to let data define urban housing market segments, replacing the conventional administrative or any pre-defined\\u000a boundaries used in the previous housing submarket literature. We model housing transaction data using a conventional hedonic\\u000a function. The hedonic residuals are used to estimate an isotropic semi-variogram, from which residual variance–covariance\\u000a matrix is constructed. The correlations between hedonic residuals are used

Yong Tu; Hua Sun; Shi-Ming Yu

2007-01-01

24

System Dynamics Based Research on Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the reform of residential policies in China, housing market is of great concern to many people. Both from practitioners and academics are there a large body of researches on this issue, normatively and positively. This paper investigates into factors that influence housing prices based on present situations in China, and establishes a system dynamics model to explore the mechanism

Li Lei; Chen Lei; Li Hong-min

2009-01-01

25

original: House prices and regional labor markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines some potentially significant interactions between local housing and labor markets. We use an error correction model with equations explaining the average manufacturing wage, the unemployment rate, the labor force and the average house price in an urban area. Estimates are reported for the Hartford, Houston, Fort Lauderdale and Milwaukee areas using quarterly data for the 1980s. We

Thomas Hyclak; Geraint Johnes

1999-01-01

26

Modelling Price Movements in Housing Micro Markets: Identifying Long-Term Components in Local Housing Market Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study identifies housing sub-markets (micro markets) that may be price leaders within local housing market areas and relates their performance to potentially relevant economic factors. This can be important as it provides both policy-makers and market players with a useful barometer regarding housing market behaviour. The study uses cointegration analysis to find those markets that interact with each other

Patrick Wilson; Michael White; Neil Dunse; Chee Cheong; Ralf Zurbruegg

2011-01-01

27

How "Animal Spirits" Wrecked the Housing Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Real-estate markets are almost as volatile as stock markets. Prices of agricultural land, of commercial real estate, and of homes and condominiums have gone through a series of huge bubbles, as if people never learned from the previous ones. Such events--in particular the recent housing bubble--are driven by what John Maynard Keynes called animal…

Akerlof, George A.; Shiller, Robert J.

2009-01-01

28

How "Animal Spirits" Wrecked the Housing Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Real-estate markets are almost as volatile as stock markets. Prices of agricultural land, of commercial real estate, and of homes and condominiums have gone through a series of huge bubbles, as if people never learned from the previous ones. Such events--in particular the recent housing bubble--are driven by what John Maynard Keynes called animal…

Akerlof, George A.; Shiller, Robert J.

2009-01-01

29

Housing Market Profiles: Spokane, Washington (As of May 1, 2013).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Housing Market Profiles are part of the U.S. Housing Market Conditions Report. These reports discuss economic activity, population changes, building activity, and sales and rental market conditions with a focus on the most recent 24 months.

S. Komadina

2013-01-01

30

House prices and regional labor markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   This paper examines some potentially significant interactions between local housing and labor markets. We use an error correction\\u000a model with equations explaining the average manufacturing wage, the unemployment rate, the labor force and the average house\\u000a price in an urban area. Estimates are reported for the Hartford, Houston, Fort Lauderdale and Milwaukee areas using quarterly\\u000a data for the 1980s.

Geraint Johnes; Thomas Hyclak

1999-01-01

31

Domino Effects Within a Housing Market: The Transmission of House Price Changes Across Quality Tiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that shocks to a housing market are transmitted through the hierarchy of quality tiers within a housing market. The\\u000a result is the prediction of waves of house price changes accompanied by changes in transaction volume. Our study is related\\u000a to existing models of spatial ripple effects across housing markets. The data are from the Hong Kong housing market.

Lok Sang Ho; Yue Ma; Donald R. Haurin

2008-01-01

32

Adjustment in Local Labour and Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses local labour and hosuing market adjustment in New Zealand from 1989 to 2006. We use a VAR approach to examine the adjustment of employment, employment rate, participation rate, wages, and house prices in response to employment shocks. Migration is a major adjustment response at both a national and regional level. Nationally, a 1% positive employment shock leads

Arthur Grimes; David C. Maré; Melanie Morten

2007-01-01

33

Housing and consumer markets in urban China  

Microsoft Academic Search

In China, the real estate sector has been one of the most powerful driving forces in economic development over the past two decades. The housing sector, particularly, has a strong wealth effect on consumption. This has attracted much attention not only in academia but also in society at large. Yet little is known about the relationship between housing and consumption

Eddie Chi-Man Hui; Tony K. K. Lo; Jia Chen; Ziyou Wang

2012-01-01

34

Housing Price Diffusion Patterns at Different Aggregation Levels: An Examination of Housing Market Efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research supports the proposition that housing markets are not informationally efficient. That is, housing prices do not immediately reflect publicly available information. Another question of interest is whether housing price changes in one location or for one type of housing can be predicted not only by their own history, but also by housing price changes in other locations or

Henry O. Pollakowski; Traci S. Ray

1997-01-01

35

The role of space in urban housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation emphasizes the quantitative analysis of space in relation to hedonic housing price models. Three aspects of space will be highlighted: i) spatial heterogeneity (spatial patterns): hedonic housing amenities may be valued differently in different locations which are related to specific housing sub-markets; ii) spatial dependence (spillovers): the degree by which price increases (or decreases) in a given sub-market

Joao Marques; Eduardo Castro; Arnab Bhattacharjee

2011-01-01

36

Labor Market Search, Housing Prices and Borrowing Constraints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mortgage market deregulation in the early 1980s coincided in time with a sharp break in the cyclical behavior of many variables related to housing and to the labor market. This paper analyses the joint dynamics of labor market variables, output and housing prices in a search model with efficient bargaining and financial frictions. In a setting of household heterogeneity, only

Javier Andrés Domingo; José Emilio Boscá; Javier Ferri

2010-01-01

37

Evaluation of Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing in Region IV.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effectiveness and impact of the Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Program were investigated. Multifamily housing occupancy data were examined and HUD personnel, management agents, and resident managers were interviewed in HUD Region IV. A majo...

1980-01-01

38

Immigration and urban housing market dynamics: the case of Haifa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the interplay between demographics and housing market dynamics in Haifa, Israel. In the 1990s the city\\u000a of Haifa, with a population of approximately 220,000, absorbed about 45,000 immigrants. The case of Haifa offers a typical\\u000a non-controlled experiment on how demographic shocks and associated changes in housing demand affect the housing market. The\\u000a dynamic adjustment of house prices

Arno J. van der Vlist; Daniel Czamanski; Henk Folmer

2011-01-01

39

Information Shocks and the Dynamics of the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractIn this paper, we analyze housing?market reactions to the release of previously unpublished information on school quality. Using high?quality housing data, which precisely bracket the timing of the information shock, we investigate housing?price dynamics within school?catchment areas. We find a robust short?term housing?market reaction to the publication of school?quality indicators, suggesting that this information was new to the households, and

Jon H. Fiva; Lars J. Kirkebøen

2011-01-01

40

Planning for the Interaction of Housing and Labour Markets in the English Regions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In developed formal economies, the majority of people at some point in their lives will, at the same time, participate in both the housing and labour markets. However, most people will not live and work in the same place but will instead have to contend with balancing disconnected residential and workplace locations. The interaction of housing and labour markets has

Stephen Hincks

2010-01-01

41

Bulgarian Banking System and the Housing Market.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Bulgaria's housing industry, like most sectors of the economy, has experienced severe dislocation. The report explores one aspect of the sector -- housing finance. It discusses the current state of the banking and housing finance systems, explores housing...

R. M. Raviez

1991-01-01

42

Rental Housing Surveys: A Guide to Assist Smaller Public Housing Agencies in Preparing Fair Market Rent Comments (Revised).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) encourages Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) to use the random digit dialing survey technique if they intend to submit comments regarding proposed Fair Market Rents (FMRs). This guide is intended to ...

1997-01-01

43

Morocco Housing Market: Industry Status, Government Involvement, and Investment Opportunity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An OPIC Issues Paper Series report that examines the macroeconomic impact of housing improvement in Morocco, the general market situation, government prioritization, finance, and sectors with investment opportunities.

2006-01-01

44

Housing Markets, Liquidity Constraints and Labor Mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent empirical studies have indicated that owner-occupation is inferior to private rental housing in enhancing efficient spatial matching of labor and jobs. While existing literature is lacking in sufficient explanations for these results, this paper attempts to fill a part of this gap. We develop an infinite horizon multi-region model, with stochastic regional business cycles and idiosyncratic shocks changing individual

2001-01-01

45

Income inequality as an indicator of discrimination in housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we develop an alternative empirical method for identifying discrimination in the housing market, and test\\u000a it using 1980 census data for the city of Philadelphia and four counties that are in close proximity to Philadelphia. A variety\\u000a of models are estimated, and the results of the analysis appear to support the view that discrimination was an important

Robert Kaestner; Wendy Fleischer

1992-01-01

46

System Dynamic Approach for Analyzing Cyclic Mechanism in Land Market and Their Effect on House Market Fluctuations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we have developed a simple dynamic model to portray a cyclic producing mechanism in land market and in the following we have probed the effect of land market oscillation on house market price, which has not been addressed before. In this model, in the beginning two cyclic produc- ing mechanisms (including Speculation Effect and Cumulative Mechanism) in

Hanieh Mohammadi; Reza Kazemi; Hesam Maghsoudloo; Erfan Mehregan; AliNaghi Mashayekhi

47

Analysis of the Charleston, West Virginia Housing Market Area 1973.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is concerned with the housing needs of the Charleston housing market area (Kanawha and Putnam Counties). Charleston's population and its needs for housing are expected to increase during the project period, 1973-1975. This increase is subject t...

N. A. Shawkey

1973-01-01

48

Private rental housing markets in the united states  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this contribution is to review private rental housing markets and policy in the United States. Green and Malpezzi (forthcoming) provides a broader and more detailed review. Most rental housing in the U.S. is private and unsubsidized. This housing is governed by private contracts, regulated mainly by state and local governments, with said regulations enforced mainly by state

Stephen Malpezzi

1998-01-01

49

Housing Market Dynamics and Regional Migration in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic conditions exert a strong influence on regional migration. On the one hand, strong labour market conditions, as exemplified by low unemployment rates and high earnings, draw migrants into regions. On the other hand, strong housing market conditions can prevent movement since expensive housing can deter migrants and commuting may often be an alternative. This can be thought of as

Anthony Murphy; John Muellbauer

2006-01-01

50

78 FR 25295 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5648-N-04] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program Fiscal Year 2013; Revised AGENCY: Office of...

2013-04-30

51

77 FR 71195 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5648-N-03] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program Fiscal Year 2013; Revised AGENCY: Office of...

2012-11-29

52

75 FR 12252 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5328-N-04] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy Program for Fiscal Year 2010; Revised Correction...

2010-03-15

53

Housing market segmentation: An application of convergence tests to Los Angeles region housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various techniques have been offered to measure the extent of a market. This paper uses a technique that has gained momentum in the economic growth literature, namely time-series convergence, to identify housing markets in the LA region. Using single-family housing price data over the 1992:1 to 2001:3 period, we find that convergence of housing prices is specific to various county

Craig A. Gallet

2004-01-01

54

Index Revision, House Price Risk, and the Market for House Price Derivatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely recognized that options and futures markets for housing can reduce and manage the risks inherent in consumers’\\u000a large investments in housing equity. The integrity of such markets depends, however, upon the use of transparent and replicable\\u000a benchmarks for house prices and settlement values. In the USA, a series of state and metropolitan indexes have been produced\\u000a by

Yongheng Deng; John M. Quigley

2008-01-01

55

Marketing Human Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes three human resource development activities: training, education, and development. Explains marketing from the practitioners's viewpoint in terms of customer orientation; external and internal marketing; and market analysis, research, strategy, and mix. Shows how to design, develop, and implement strategic marketing plans and identify…

Frank, Eric, Ed.

1994-01-01

56

Does Hazardous Waste Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market and the Superfund Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the housing market to develop estimates of the local welfare impacts of Superfund sponsored clean-ups of hazardous waste sites. We show that if consumers value the clean-ups, then the hedonic model predicts that they will lead to increases in local housing prices and new home construction, as well as the migration of individuals that place a high

Michael Greenstone; Justin Gallagher

2006-01-01

57

A heterogeneous boundedly rational expectation model for housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aims to test the housing price dynamics when considering heterogeneous boundedly rational expectations such\\u000a as naive expectation, adaptive expectation and biased belief. The housing market is investigated as an evolutionary system\\u000a with heterogeneous and competing expectations. The results show that the dynamics of the expected housing price varies substantially\\u000a when heterogeneous expectations are considered together with some other

Andrew Y. T. Leung; Jia-na Xu; Wing Shum Tsui

2009-01-01

58

Passive solar ranch house for the mass market  

SciTech Connect

To promote the building of passive solar housing in the Denver metropolitan area, a solar ranch style house was designed for a builder, Unique Homes, as part of a group of thirteen passive solar houses built for the mass market under SERI's Denver Metro Home Builders Program. The project, process of design, thermal performance analysis, cost and consumer/media response are reviewed. The final design was a direct gain, attached greenhouse system that used brick as interior mass.

Albanes, M.N.

1981-01-01

59

on housing prices of urban attraction and labor market accessibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a hedonic approach this study primarily focuses on how house prices vary sys- tematically with respect to some general spatial structure characteristics in a Norwegian region. The introduction of a gravity based labor market accessibility measure contributes significantly to explain variation in housing prices, also in a model formulation where the distance from the city center is accounted for.

Liv Osland; Inge Thorsen

60

Rising House Prices in an Open Labour Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the consequences of rising house prices for the openness of the Irish labour market. Since many immigrants are in the household formation age group, and tend to be highly skilled, we argue that the boom in house prices, by reducing the attractiveness of Ireland for potential immigrants, could reduce labour supply. Using a structural model of the labour

David Duffy; John Fitz Gerald; Ide Kearney

2005-01-01

61

THE ROLE OF PROMOTION IN MARKETING MANUFACTURED HOUSING  

Microsoft Academic Search

A principal promotional challenge in marketing manufactured housing is overcoming a negative public perception. The authors studied a specific advertising magazine to determine the publication's success in improving the public perception of manufactured housing as well as to determine the extent to which prospective purchasers used this specific magazine to assist them in dealer selection. Two groups, SHOPPERS AND BUYERS,

Joseph Abramson; Craig A. Hollingshead; Norton E. Marks

62

Vacancy, Search, and Prices in a Housing Market Matching Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of the single-family housing market is proposed in which households that move are both buyers and sellers. Households move when a stochastic process leaves them dissatisifed with their current unit. Household buyers expend costly search effort to find a better house, while sellers hold two units until a buyer is found. The vacancy rate, fixed in the short

William C. Wheaton

1990-01-01

63

Forecasting Prices and Excess Returns in the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U. S. market for homes appears not to be efficient. A number of information variables predict housing price changes and excess returns of housing relative to debt over the succeeding year. Price changes observed over one year tend to continue for one more year in the same direction. Construction cost divided by price, the change in per capita real

Karl E. Case; Robert J. Shiller

1990-01-01

64

Booms and Busts in the UK Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The often volatile behaviour of UK house prices between 1957 and 1994 is analysed in an annual econometric model. Theory suggests that financial liberalization of mortgage markets in the 1980s should have led to notable shifts in house price behaviour. The evidence supports the predictions of theory, suggesting shifts took place in wealth effects, as in the consumption function, and

John Muellbauer; Anthony Murphy

1997-01-01

65

Student Housing Market Analysis: Ketchikan Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 13-part report presents the results of a study to determine whether Ketchikan Community College (KCC) should provide student housing over the next 10 years. Section I introduces the purpose of the study, the college, the prevalence of college-supplied student housing at two-year colleges, and study methodology. Section II summarizes the…

Fink (Ira) and Associates, Berkeley, CA.

66

Crippled Housing Market Complicates Recruiting Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|With a house languishing in the real-estate doldrums of southwestern Ohio, Edward F. Leonard III and his family have lived apart since he took over as president of Bethany College, in Kansas, nearly a year ago. Their situation is like that of many faculty members and administrators frustrated by housing prices across the country. Existing-home…

Moser, Kate

2008-01-01

67

78 FR 38070 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice...and HUD-935.2C Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...applicant's proposed actions to carry out the Affirmative Fair Housing...

2013-06-25

68

GIS and Spatial Analysis of Housing and Mortgage Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a spatial analytical framework for using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology in housing and mortgage market research. It discusses the nature of neighborhood effects and their influence in residential market behavior and outcomes. It then discusses how GIS can aid with empirical research investigations. GIS, coupled with spatial analytical tools, offers an ideal research environment for processing,

Ayse Can

69

Measuring housing quality in the absence of a monetized real estate market.  

PubMed

Measuring housing quality or value or both has been a weak component of demographic and development research in less developed countries that lack an active real estate (housing) market. We describe a new method based on a standardized subjective rating process. It is designed to be used in settings that do not have an active, monetized housing market. The method is applied in an ongoing longitudinal study in north-east Thailand and could be straightforwardly used in many other settings. We develop a conceptual model of the process whereby households come to reside in high-quality or low-quality housing units. We use this theoretical model in conjunction with longitudinal data to show that the new method of measuring housing quality behaves as theoretically expected, thus providing evidence of face validity. PMID:17365872

Rindfuss, Ronald R; Piotrowski, Martin; Thongthai, Varachai; Prasartkul, Pramote

2007-03-01

70

78 FR 19727 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan AGENCY: Office of the...new projects describe their intent (marketing efforts) to assure that they meet the...of Proposal: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan. Title of...

2013-04-02

71

Financial Markets Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Effective financial markets are indispensable to sustained, broad-based economic growth. The paper presents A.I.D.'s policy on financial markets development and related guidance on project design. Discussed is the preparation by missions of strategy paper...

1988-01-01

72

Incorporating the Number of Existing Home Sales into a Structural Model of the Market for Owner-Occupied Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principal purpose of this paper is to develop and estimate a structural model of the housing market. The structural model presented is like many previously presented models of the housing market. It contains a demand equation, a supply equation, and an equation to explain the number of homeowner households. Its principal distinguishing feature is the incorporation of the rate

James R. Follain; Orawin T. Velz

1995-01-01

73

The Housing Market and Regional Commuting and Migration Choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inter-regional migration is influenced by relative employment and earnings opportunities. But strongly offsetting forces operate from relative house prices. Commuting, at least to contiguous regions, is often an alternative to migration. Relative employment and earnings opportunities should influence commuting rates in the same direction as migration rates. Given the commute\\/migrate trade-off, however, housing market forces should operate in the opposite

Gavin Cameron; John Muellbauer

1998-01-01

74

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Periodicals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) publishes three periodicals aimed towards urban development professionals, policy makers, and scholars. This website brings all three of these periodicals together in one place, and visitors can look through current and past issues of "ResearchWorks", "Cityscape", and the quarterly report, "U.S. Housing Market Conditions". For those interested in a more general-interest publication, "Cityscape" is a good bet, as it contains pieces on housing vouchers, ethnically diverse urban neighborhoods, and the legacy of the Fair Housing Act. "ResearchWorks" is the official newsletter of HUD's Office of Policy Development & Research, and here visitors can read about recent case studies and success stories in the area of urban development. There are some interesting theme issues here as well, including "Universities Rebuilding America" and "The Public's Views of Affordable Housing". Finally, the "U.S. Housing Market Conditions" reports consist of statistical data and written reports on the quarterly status of economic and housing market trends for 10 geographical regions.

2007-05-05

75

Progress in Housing and Urban Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Several community development programs have gained federal funding through the Housing and Community Development Act. These activities include the development of property tax relief measures for the elderly and a housing modernization program. Rules governing the funding have been proposed by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).…

Walker, Bailus, Jr.

1975-01-01

76

Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market Versus the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the link between increases in housing wealth, financial wealth, and consumer spending. We rely upon a panel of 14 countries observed annually for various periods during the past 25 years and a panel of U.S. states observed quarterly during the 1980s and 1990s. We impute the aggregate value of owner-occupied housing, the value of financial assets, and measures

Karl E. Case; Robert J. Shiller; John Quigley

2001-01-01

77

Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the link between increases in housing wealth, financial wealth, and consumer spending. We rely upon a panel of 14 countries observed annually for various periods during the past 25 years and a panel of U.S. states observed quarterly during the 1980s and 1990s. We impute the aggregate value of owner-occupied housing, the value of financial assets, and measures

Karl E. Case; John M. Quigley; Robert J. Shiller

2005-01-01

78

Development strategy for superinsulated housing  

SciTech Connect

This project addressed the problem of introducing radically new construction principles into the residential development arena in the City of Saint Louis which targeted substantial reductions in heating and cooling costs. Specifically, the goal was to devise a program that could explore the use of ''superinsulation'' as standard practice in the housing industry, both for new construction and rehabilitation. The basic approach was to implement a demonstration program that would produce a number of superinsulated housing units of a variety of types. These units would, in effect, be the ''test cases'' to adapt Canadian and European superinsulation standards to a midwestern United States climate. Subsequent monitoring of these units for actual energy use would ''prove'' the reliability and high cost-effectiveness of the technology.

Not Available

1985-01-01

79

Regional market size and the housing market: insights from a new economic geography model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased availability of information about housing and labour markets at finer spatial scales opens up possibilities for applied research to model various types of spatial relationships associated with housing affordability. The aim of this paper is to encourage empirical research to estimate the type of spatial relationships described by new economic geography (NEG) models. NEG models were designed to

Mark Andrew

2012-01-01

80

U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 1st Quarter, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The housing market performed very poorly during the first quarter of 2008, continuing 2 years of decline. The number of single-family building permits, starts, and completions all declined in the first quarter, and new and existing home sales decreased as...

2008-01-01

81

U.S. Housing Market Conditions, 2nd Quarter, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The housing market had a poor second quarter in 2008, continuing 2 years of decline. The number of single-family building permits, starts, and completions declined in the second quarter, as did new and existing home sales. Excessive inventories of both ne...

2008-01-01

82

An economic agent-based model of coupled housing and land markets (CHALMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a spatially disaggregated, economic agent-based model of urban land use, which is named for its innovative feature of coupled housing and land markets (CHALMS). The three types of agents—consumer, farmer and developer—all make decisions based on underlying economic principles, and heterogeneity of both individuals and the landscape is represented. CHALMS simulates the conversion of farmland to housing

Nicholas Magliocca; Elena Safirova; Virginia McConnell; Margaret Walls

2011-01-01

83

Does Hazardous Waste Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market and the Superfund Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the housing market to develop estimates of the local welfare impacts of Superfund sponsored clean-ups of hazardous waste sites.We show that if consumers value the clean-ups, then the hedonic model predicts that they will lead to increases in local housing prices and new home construction, as well as the migration of individuals that place a high value

Justin Gallagher; Michael Greenstone

2007-01-01

84

75 FR 46958 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation...payment standard amounts for the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program, to determine...same data used to estimate the Housing Choice Voucher program FMRs if the...

2010-08-04

85

The Population Migration in Taiwan, and its Causal Relationship with Labor Market and Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sets out to empirically examine the interrelationship existing between the labor market, the housing market and domestic interregional migration in Taiwan, with four of the most urbanized population receiving areas, Taipei City, Taipei County, Taichung City and Kaohsiung City, being selected for the study. An error correction model is constructed for each city\\/county using time series data covering

Li-Min Hsueh; Chung-Wen Li; Hsi-Peng Tseng

2002-01-01

86

The residential housing market in Iceland: Analysing the effects of the recent mortgage market restructuring  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 2004 the government-backed Housing Financing Fund eased its loan regulations in an attempt to consolidate its position in the domestic credit market. This led to a strong response from the domestic commercial banks which actively entered the mortgage market for the ?rst time. These changes led to a substantial decline in long-term real mortgage rates, increased the access

Lúðvík Elíasson; Þórarinn Gunnar Pétursson

2006-01-01

87

A planning model for urban housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A planning model for urban housing projects is developed within the framework of systems analysis. The first part gives a cost model of housing projects. Costs are shown to depend on the costs of building sites, construction costs, costs for streets and for parking facilities. The planning model takes factual and legal constraints into consideration. A housing benefit function

H. Albach

1971-01-01

88

77 FR 69651 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program for Small Area Fair Market Rent...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program for Small Area Fair Market...notice publishes the FMRs for the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Program for those PHAs...primary goal of improving tenants' housing choices in areas of opportunity while also...

2012-11-20

89

Loss Aversion and Seller Behavior: Evidence from the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from downtown Boston in the 1990s show that loss aversion determines seller behavior in the housing market. Condominium owners subject to nominal losses 1) set higher asking prices of 25-35 percent of the difference between the property's expected selling price and their original purchase price; 2) attain higher selling prices of 3-18 percent of that difference; and 3) exhibit

David Genesove; Christopher Mayer

2001-01-01

90

U.S. Multifamily Housing: Forces Shaping an Important Gas Market.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The natural gas industry is losing market share in the new construction segment of the multifamily housing market. To help formulate a response to this market, this paper provides (1) an analysis of multifamily housing and natural gas markets relative to ...

J. R. Brodrick J. M. Fay

1987-01-01

91

Tax Subsidies to Owner-occupied Housing: An Asset-Market Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inflation reduces the effective cost of homeownership and raises the tax sub- sidy to owner occupation. This paper presents an asset-market model of the hous- ing market and estimates how changes in the expected inflation rate affect the real price of houses and the equilibrium size of the housing capital stock. Simu- lation results suggest that the accelerating inflation of

JAMES M. POTERBA

1984-01-01

92

Did the Housing Price Bubble Clobber Local Labor Market Job and Worker Flows When It Burst?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use the Census Bureau's Quarterly Workforce Indicators and the Federal Housing Finance Agency's House Price Indices to study the effects of the housing price bubble on local labor markets. We show that the 35 MSAs in the top decile of the house price boom were most severely impacted. Their stable job employment fell much more than the national average.

John M. Abowd; Lars Vilhuber

2012-01-01

93

Compensating Differentials in Emerging Labor and Housing Markets: Estimates of Quality of Life in Russian Cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence of compensating differentials in Russian labor and housing markets is examined using data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) augmented by city and regional-specific characteristics from other sources. While Russia is undergoing transition to a market economy, we find ample evidence that compensating differentials for location-specific amenities exist in the labor and housing markets. Our estimated wage

Mark C. Berger; Glenn C. Blomquist; Klara Sabirianova Peter

2003-01-01

94

Japan's manufactured housing capability. A review of the industry and assessment of future impact on the US market  

SciTech Connect

The Japanese have what is generally recognized as the most advanced manufactured housing capability in the world. With heavy reliance on computerized design and inventory control systems, assembly-line production, robotics and sizable research and development budgets, Japan has developed a high-tech housing approach distinct from that found in the United States. Japan's manufactured housing capability and its benefits in producing high quality housing at an affordable price are surveyed. The housing market in Japan and the United States will be compared and the potential impact of Japanese manufactured housing on the United States assessed. Though Japan's manufactured housing capability offers great promise, there are several issues that limit the direct import of these technologies as currently practiced to the United States. Among these obstacles are: (1) inappropriate heating and cooling systems and levels of energy conservation for many areas of the US; (2) the high cost of capitalizing major new housing plants; (3) the design inflexibility of some manufactured housing products; and (4) the difficulty of marketing a mass-produced housing product in the US with its differing regional and local building codes.

Sackett, J.G.

1986-05-01

95

Development of Basic Housing Systems for Maximum Affordability  

SciTech Connect

The ability to provide safe, habitable, comfortable housing for very low income residents within the target budget of $10,000 presents unique design and construction challenges. However, a number of preliminary conclusions have been inferred as being important concepts relative to the study of affordable housing. The term affordable housing can have many meanings and research is needed to define this explicitly. As it is most often used, affordable housing refers to an economic relationship between the price of housing, household income and current interest rates available from a lending institution. There is no direct relationship between architectural style, construction technology or user needs and the concept of affordability. For any home to be affordable, the home owner must balance the combination of housing needs and desires within the limits of an actual budget. There are many misconceptions that affordable housing must be defined as housing for those who cannot afford the free-market price. The concept of affordable housing must also include a component that recognizes the quality of the housing as an important element of the design and construction. In addition, responses to local climate impacts are necessary and are always part of a regional expression of architectural design. By using careful planning and design it may be possible to construct a limited dwelling unit today for a sum of approximately $10,000. Since the organization of the construction process must involve the owner/occupants as well as other volunteers, the project must not only be well conceived, but well developed and coordinated.

Aglan, H.; Gibbons, A.; McQueen, T.M.; Morris, C.; Raines, J.; Wendt, R.L.

1999-04-19

96

Housing tenure and labor market impacts: The search goes on  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop two search-theoretic models emphasizing firm entry to examine the Oswald hypothesis, the idea that homeownership is linked to inferior labor market outcomes, and compare their predictions to three extant theories. The five models have surprisingly different predictions about the labor market at both the aggregate and micro levels. Using a suitable instrumental variable strategy, we estimate both micro

N. Edward Coulson; Lynn M. Fisher

2009-01-01

97

The role of housing privatization and labor-market reform in China's dual economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical aspect of China's economic modernization, one that has been infrequently addressed either in policy papers or scholarly studies, is the linkage between labor-market and housing-market reform. Labor-market mobility requires that workers and their families be able to find housing in areas of high labor demand. This critical linkage will be facilitated by movement away from employer-provided housing to

Belton M. Fleisher; Yong Yin; Stephen M. Hills

1997-01-01

98

Conservation value of clustered housing developments.  

PubMed

Traditionally, exurban lands in Colorado have been subdivided into a grid of parcels ranging from 2 to 16 ha. From an ecological perspective, this dispersed pattern of development effectively maximizes the individual influence of each home on the land. Clustered housing developments, designed to maximize open space, are assumed to benefit plant and wildlife communities of conservation interest. They have become a popular alternative for rural development despite the lack of empirical evidence demonstrating their conservation benefits. To better inform rural land-use planning, we evaluated clustered housing developments by comparing their spatial pattern with that of dispersed housing developments and by comparing their conservation value with that of both dispersed housing developments and undeveloped areas in Boulder County, Colorado. We used four indicators to assess conservation value: (1) densities of songbirds, (2) nest density and survival of ground-nesting birds, (3) presence of mammals, and (4) percent cover and proportion of native and non-native plant species. Clustered and dispersed housing developments did not differ on the majority of variables we examined. Both types of housing development had significantly higher densities of non-native and human-commensal species and significantly lower densities of native and human-sensitive species than undeveloped areas. More rigorous ecological guidelines and planning on a regional scale may help create clustered developments with higher conservation value. PMID:17002762

Lenth, Buffy A; Knight, Richard L; Gilgert, Wendell C

2006-10-01

99

The impact of social housing on the labour market status of the disabled.  

PubMed

Disability may impact on employment through entitlement to social housing. Estimates of an original dynamic panel data model of disability, labour market and housing tenure transitions in England indicate that up to one-quarter of the lower employment probability of the disabled can be attributed to the effect of qualifying for social housing. Short-lived disabilities can result in long spells in social housing that reduce incentives to participate in the labour market. This suggests that authorities should reform the welfare system and the allocation of social housing to limit the persistent and unfavourable consequences of allocating social housing to the disabled. PMID:23813726

Gregoir, Stéphane; Maury, Tristan-Pierre

2013-06-28

100

Cycles in landed and non-landed housing sub-markets in Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – There exists a voluminous literature which examines house price diffusions across space and quality tiers. Numerous observers have pointed out that housing price dynamics can also be analysed in terms of house price diffusions across different housing sub-markets (e.g. landed vs non-landed housing). However, there has been no research to document these cyclical interactions. The purpose of this

Hon-Chung Hui

2011-01-01

101

Dynamics Model of Housing Market Surveillance System for Taichung City  

Microsoft Academic Search

In August 2007, the US subprime mortgage crisis led to a crippling global financial crisis, which created immense monetary and asset losses for the world's economy and financial organizations. Forming a financial crunch and bank credit shrinkage, it halted all economic developments in the world. So, how did Taiwan prevent its housing bubble from bursting? For the purpose of this

Yu-Feng Ho; Hsiao-Lin Wang; Cheng-Chih Liu

102

HUD Guide to Evaluating Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plans. Volume III.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Affirmative Marketing Plans deemed successful by personnel in HUD area Offices were identified and evaluated. The HUD Guide to Evaluating Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plans - Volume 3 - provides HUD personnel with guidelines and criteria for judging...

1975-01-01

103

Financial market and housing wealth effects on consumption: a permanent income approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to examine the financial market and housing wealth effects on consumption. Housing has the dual functions as both a commodity yielding a flow of housing services and an investment asset yielding a flow of capital income. With the construction of an empirical framework based on the vector autoregression approach, the findings from this study

Arnold C. S. Cheng; Michael K. Fung

2008-01-01

104

A Dynamic Approach for Evaluating the Validity of Mortgage Lending Policies in Korean Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent periodical boom and burst of house price have made mortgage lending issues become the main public interest in Korean real estate market. However, because mortgage- lending issues had not been discussed until then, housing market forecasting associated with mortgage lending has been difficult while using an empirical approach. Thus, comprehensive and systematic approach is required as well as validity

Sungjoo Hwang; Hyun-Soo Lee

105

A local housing market model with spatial interaction and land-use planning controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been relatively few attempts to construct local housing market models in the United Kingdom—particularly models with an explicit treatment of land supply. In this paper we report the results of a pilot study designed to test the practicability of estimating a system of equations which describe housing market dynamics at the local level. Former district council areas in

Chris Leishman; Glen Bramley

2005-01-01

106

Strategic Interaction and Spatial Multiplier Effects in Local Growth Control Policies: The California Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1970s, growth controls spread across many metropolitan regions in the United States. Several studies address the effects of local growth controls on housing markets, particularly its price effect, which is induced by rising construction cost, constrained housing supply, improved amenities, and market reorientation of homebuilders. However, only few studies explicitly address inter-jurisdictional spatial spillovers and strategic interaction of

Brigitte S. Waldorf; Pillsung Byun; Raymond J. G. M. Florax

2005-01-01

107

Dynamic cycles of unsold new housing stocks, investment in housing, and housing supply–demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unsold new housing stocks may be closely related to housing market fluctuation, especially the difference between housing supply and demand, which is influenced by macroeconomic conditions. These factors simultaneously influence developers’ investment decisions and, thus, housing supply over time. However, previous research on the housing market has focused on explaining the statistical relationships among factors with reduced-form equations rather than

Min-Ji Kwoun; Sang-Hyo Lee; Ju-Hyung Kim; Jae-Jun Kim

108

Spatial Change and the Structure of Urban Housing Sub-markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many applied studies of the structure of urban housing systems involve considerable imprecision in terms of the identification of sub-market boundaries. This is often a function of reliance on prior knowledge, particularly of the potential spatial divisions within urban housing systems. This paper introduces an application of the multi-level hedonic model as a tool to identify housing sub-markets, and as

Chris Leishman

2009-01-01

109

Back to Black … and Green? Location and policy interventions in contemporary neighborhood housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The post-war flight from US central cities led to widespread decay and devaluation in downtown housing markets. In a reversal of fortunes, distant housing prices soared while the dense urban core lagged. However, over the course of the 2000–2006 housing bubble, we find that the markets in often ignored mid-sized cities shifted back to the downtowns. This research examines the

Joshua D. Ambrosius; John I. Gilderbloom; Matthew J. Hanka

2010-01-01

110

ECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS IN LOCAL HOUSING MARKETS: EVIDENCE FROM U.S. METROPOLITAN REGIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT.?This paper investigates the effects of national and regional economic conditions on outcomes in the single-family housing market: housing prices, vacancies, and residential construction activity. Our three-equation model confirms the importance of changes in regional economic conditions, income, and employment on local housing markets. The results also provide the first detailed evidence on the importance of vacancies in the owner-occupied

Min Hwang; John M. Quigley

2006-01-01

111

Energy costs, urban development, and housing  

SciTech Connect

Six revised and edited papers from a conference held by the Brookings Institute in 1981 assess the effects of higher energy costs on various aspects of urban development and housing, including industrial location and regional development. Comments and discussion from public-agency participants follow each of the papers. Following an introductory summary of the policy findings and the conference papers, the six papers are: Home Energy Costs and the Housing of the Poor and Elderly, Energy Prices and Urban Decentralization, Energy and the Existing Stock of Housing, New Residential Construction and Energy Costs, Energy and the Location of Industry, and Energy and Regional Development. Separate abstracts were prepared for the seven chapters selected for the Energy Data Base (EDB) and Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA), and one was processed separately.

Downs, A.; Bradbury, K.L. (eds.)

1984-01-01

112

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...8.25), and the public housing agency's strategy for improving the management and operation of such public housing and for...residential investment. (Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number...

2013-04-01

113

Pirate Settlements, Housing Construction by Incremental Development and Low Income Housing Policies in Bogota, Colombia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper documents the relative size of the housing stock and the characteristics of households in illegal settlements, their living arrangements and their incomes. Also, it assesses the impact of housing construction by incremental development in illega...

G. Vernez

1973-01-01

114

Bayou Vista: A Market-Driven Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The case touches on several areas of marketing: ethics, sales issues, conflicts of interest, marketing forecasts, and issues of pricing. Joe Brice, the visionary and real estate broker for a 36-lot subdivision of moderately priced single-family homes targeting the $190,000 to $260,000 range, seems to have identified an unmet housing market,…

Izzo, G. Martin; Teal, Elisabeth J.

2012-01-01

115

Overvaluation in Australian Housing and Equity Markets: Wealth Eects or Monetary Policy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A SVAR model is used to identify overvaluation in house prices in Australia from 2002 to 2008. An important feature is the development of a housing sector where long-run restrictions are derived from theory to identify housing demand and supply shocks. The results show strong evidence of overvaluation in real house prices, reaching a peak of just over 15% by

Renée A. Fry; Vance L. Martin; Nicholas Voukelatos

116

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Sacramento, California As of July 1, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Coterminous with the Sacramento--Arden- Arcade--Roseville metropolitan area, the Sacramento, California Housing Market Area (HMA) stretches from the Central Valley to the Nevada border. In this report, the HMA isdivided into three submarkets. The Sacramen...

2009-01-01

117

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis, Lancaster, Pennsylvania as of October 1, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Lancaster Housing Market Area (HMA), located 70 miles west of Philadelphia, is coterminous with Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. More than 5,400 farms in Lancaster County contribute to annual sales of approximately $1.1 billion in agricultural products...

2011-01-01

118

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Yakima, Washington as of February 1, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Williamsport Housing Market Area (HMA), which consists of Lycoming County in central Pennsylvania, ap- proximately 175 miles northwest of Philadelphia, is coterminous with the Williamsport, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The HMA is on the Marcellus...

2013-01-01

119

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Williamsport, Pennsylvania as of February 1, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Williamsport Housing Market Area (HMA), which consists of Lycoming County in central Pennsylvania, ap- proximately 175 miles northwest of Philadelphia, is coterminous with the Williamsport, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area. The HMA is on the Marcellus...

2013-01-01

120

Consumption preferences and environmental externalities: A hedonic analysis of the housing market in Guangzhou  

Microsoft Academic Search

The urban housing market of China has been transformed since the 1980s from a centrally-planned to a free-market system. This study aimed to (1) investigate the position of outdoor environmental quality in house-buyers’ preferences; (2) assess monetary values attributed to environmental externalities by the hedonic pricing method (HPM); and (3) test the applicability of HPM in China. The study area

C. Y. Jim; Wendy Y. Chen

2007-01-01

121

The global financial crisis and the Australian and New Zealand housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of the US sub-prime mortgage meltdown into a global financial crisis clearly demonstrates the increasingly integrated\\u000a nature of mortgage and capital markets. However, notwithstanding the global scale and severity of the recent financial crisis,\\u000a the effects of the credit crunch were mediated by nationally constituted housing markets, the activities of local financial\\u000a institutions and national housing policies. Adopting

Laurence Murphy

122

Racial and ethnic price differentials in a small urban housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines whether the presence of blacks and Hispanics has a negative impact on prices in a small urban housing market in the US. To alleviate estimation biases associated with unobserved neighborhood heterogeneity, we focus on housing price differences across micro-neighborhoods in the small and relatively homogeneous city of Kingston, New York, introduce GIS-based spatial amenity variables as controls,

Sanjaya DeSilva; Anh Pham; Michael Smith

2012-01-01

123

Testing for the Impact of Local Labour Market Characteristics on House Prices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The starting point of this paper is a hedonic regression model where house prices are explained as a result of urban attraction and the accessibility to job opportunities in the region. The basic hypothesis is that house prices reflect that households in addition value accessibility to job opportunities in the neighborhood. We propose several measures of local labor market characteristics,

Liv Osland; Inge Thorsen

2006-01-01

124

Effects on housing prices of urban attraction and labor-market accessibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a hedonic approach the authors focus primarily on how house prices vary systematically with respect to some general spatial structure characteristics in a Norwegian region. The introduction of a gravity-based labor-market accessibility measure contributes significantly to explain variation in housing prices, and is used in a model formulation where the distance from the city center is accounted for. Based

Liv Osland; Inge Thorsen

2008-01-01

125

Compensating differentials in emerging labor and housing markets: Estimates of quality of life in Russian cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to see if an equilibrium model of compensating differences for amenities can be applied to a major transition economy, Russia. We analyze Russian labor and housing markets using data from the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS) augmented by city and regional-specific characteristics from other sources. Our estimated wage and housing value equations suggest that

Mark C. Berger; Glenn C. Blomquist; Klara Sabirianova Peter

2008-01-01

126

Effects on housing prices of urban attraction and labor market accessibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a hedonic approach this study primarily focuses on how house prices vary systematically with respect to some general spatial structure characteristics in a Norwegian region. The introduction of a gravity based labor market accessibility measure contributes significantly to explain variation in housing prices, also in a model formulation where the distance from the city center is accounted for. Based

Liv Osland; Inge Thorsen

2005-01-01

127

The role of the housing market in the migration response to employment shocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States is known for the ability of its residents to move to where the jobs are, and this has helped the nation maintain its position as the world’s top economy. Households’ decisions to move depend not only on job prospects but also on the relative cost of housing. I investigate how the housing market affects the flow of

Jeffrey Zabel

2009-01-01

128

Cross Border Business Cycle Impacts on the El Paso Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is comparatively little empirical evidence regarding the impacts of cross border business cycle fluctuations on metropolitan housing markets located near international boundaries. This study examines the impacts of economic conditions in Mexico on sales of existing single-family houses in El Paso, Texas. Anecdotal evidence suggests that these impacts are fairly notable. Annual frequency data from the University of Texas

Gokce Kincal; Thomas M. Fullerton Jr.; James H. Holcomb; Martha P. Barraza de Anda

2010-01-01

129

House prices, sales, and time on the market : a search-theoretic framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

We build a search model of the housing market which captures the illiquidity of housing assets. In this model, households experience idiosyncratic shocks over time which affect how much they value their residence (e.g. the location of their job could change). When hit by a shock, households become mismatched and seek to buy a new home. Yet they take time

Antonia Díaz

2010-01-01

130

Prices and Trading Volume in the Housing Market: A Model with Down-Payment Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a simple model of trade in the housing market. The crucial feature is that a minimum down payment is required for the purchase of a new home. The model has direct implications for the volatility of house prices as well as for the correlation between prices and trading volume. The model can also be extended to address

JEREMY C. STEIN

1995-01-01

131

Entrepreneurial Land Developers: Local Externalities and Mixed Housing Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing developments (condos and suburban developments) are not necessarily homogeneous. Developers provide different types of units with various sizes and other characteristics catering to different types of customers. In this paper, we allow local consumption externalities within each development: some consumers would be happy to pay high prices for the most prestigious units in the development, while some are happy

Hideo Konishi

2011-01-01

132

Factors for Bioenergy Market Development  

SciTech Connect

Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the potentials for bioenergy market growth to be used by decision makers in administration and industry. The conclusions are based on case studies of operating bioenergy markets in Austria, US and Sweden. Six important factors for bioenergy market growth have been identified: (1) Integration with other business, e.g. for biomass procurement, (2) Scale effects of bioenergy market, (3) Competition on bioenergy market, (4) Competition with other business, (5) National policy, (6) Local policy and local opinion. Different applications of the framework are discussed.

Roos, A.; Hektor, B.; Graham, R.L.; Rakos, C.

1998-10-04

133

Momentum: "Developing Masterful Marketing Plans."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how directors can plan and develop a written marketing plan which can increase enrollment at child care centers. Components of successful marketing plans include parent retention; program merchandising; staff and director training; sales promotions; networking; and enrichment programs/fundraising. (NH)

Meservey, Lynne D.

1988-01-01

134

Momentum: "Developing Masterful Marketing Plans."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how directors can plan and develop a written marketing plan which can increase enrollment at child care centers. Components of successful marketing plans include parent retention; program merchandising; staff and director training; sales promotions; networking; and enrichment programs/fundraising. (NH)|

Meservey, Lynne D.

1988-01-01

135

A development strategy for superinsulated housing  

SciTech Connect

This project addressed the problem of introducing radically new construction principles into the residential development arena in the City Of Saint Louis which targeted substantial reductions in heating and cooling costs. Specifically, the goal was to devise a program that could explore the use of ''superinsulation'' as standard practice in the housing industry, both for new construction and rehabilitation. This meant that major barriers in education, design capability, financing, and technology calibration had to be overcome. The basic approach was to implement a demonstration program that would produce a number of superinsulated housing units of a variety of types. These units would, in effect, be the ''test cases'' to adapt Canadian and European superinsulation standards to a midwestern United States climate. Subsequent monitoring of these units for actual energy use would ''prove'' the reliability and high cost-effectiveness of the technology. 31 tabs.

Not Available

1985-01-01

136

Housing '70.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report was prepared by the Ada Development Council under a comprehensive planning grant from the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, to meet the following needs: To provide a profile of the housing market in Ada County and to identify c...

1970-01-01

137

Housing, social capital and community development in Seoul  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature of Korea’s tenure system and its future development has become an increasingly important aspect of housing policy and community development. A major question being posed is what are the implications of housing tenure differences in social capital for housing (estate) development? Are there differences in levels of social capital between ‘homeowners and tenants’ as well as ‘public rental

Seong-Kyu Ha

2010-01-01

138

The Housing market Disequilibrium Dynamics and Pricing in Advance:The case of Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this study is to investigate first the vacant status and the dynamic disequilibrium characteristics of the housing market in Taiwan and then construct a new dynamic disequilibrium modified stock-flow structural model based on that in order to capture the price adjustment mechanism of the market in disequilibrium. To this end , we shall adopt the pricing

Shyang-Hwa Wu; Sun-Tien Wu

139

Antecedents of market orientation in semi-public service organizations: a study of Dutch housing associations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to explain which factors affect the market orientation of semi-public service organizations in their transition from public to private. Change capacity and interdepartmental and organizational system factors are hypothesized to affect market orientation, which is operationalized in behavioural and cultural dimensions. Results of a survey among top-level executives of Dutch housing associations show that

Robert A. W. Kok; Paul H. Driessen

2011-01-01

140

Antecedents of market orientation in semi-public service organizations: a study of Dutch housing associations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to explain which factors affect the market orientation of semi-public service organizations in their transition from public to private. Change capacity and interdepartmental and organizational system factors are hypothesized to affect market orientation, which is operationalized in behavioural and cultural dimensions. Results of a survey among top-level executives of Dutch housing associations show that

Robert A. W. Kok; Paul H. Driessen

2012-01-01

141

Rental Housing Markets and Policies - Where Do We Go From Here?  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the late 1990s through about 2006, US housing markets experienced an unprecedented boom. Changes in both public policies and market mechanisms, including the expansion of subprime and exotic mortgage loans, substantially expanded the number of homeowners, while the number of renters remained flat. Although the challenges facing renters intensified over this period, they received little serious attention in the

Margery Austin Turner

142

Heterogeneity and dynamics in China's emerging urban housing market: two sides of a success story from the late 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's emerging housing market plays a pivotal role in the ongoing economic reforms. The complete abandonment of the socialist housing allocation system in the late 1990s has led to profound changes in housing provision and consumption in urban China. This paper, through analysis of 2000 Chinese census data and other comparable data sets, studies housing trends in urban China and

Zhou Yu

2004-01-01

143

Factors for Bioenergy Market Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the pot...

A. Roos B. Hektor R. L. Graham C. Rakos

1998-01-01

144

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...community housing development organization...expense and capacity building costs...Housing and Urban Development Office of...community housing development organization...expense and capacity building...

2009-04-01

145

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...community housing development organization...expense and capacity building costs...Housing and Urban Development Office of...community housing development organization...expense and capacity building...

2010-04-01

146

Does Air Quality Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We exploit the structure of the Clean Air Act to provide new evidence on the capitalization of total suspended particulates (TSPs) air pol- lution into housing values. This legislation imposes strict regulations on polluters in \\

Kenneth Y. Chay; Michael Greenstone

2004-01-01

147

Direct subsidies and housing affordability in Australian private rental markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many countries have undergone a broad retreat from the use of indirect (supply) subsidies to meet low-income housing-affordability problems, shifting to direct subsidies often linked to means-tested income-maintenance systems. Although the reasons for this change of direction are well documented, the efficacy of direct housing subsidies in terms of tackling affordability remains in question. The authors examine in detail one

Gavin A Wood; Matthew Forbes; Kenneth Gibb

2005-01-01

148

75 FR 11553 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5328-N-03] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single Room Occupancy...areas were having significant problems administering the Housing Choice Voucher program at the then current FY2009 FMRs, and...

2010-03-11

149

Privatization and Financial Market Development: Theoretical Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stock market capitalization in developed countries grew while massive privatization plans were in progress. It is however possible that stock market development would have occurred anyway. Below we identify features that are specific to share-issue privatizations (SIPs) and should a priori impact on market liquidity and market size. A positive correlation between such features and market development in a cross

Gabriella Chiesa; Giovanna Nicodano

2003-01-01

150

Floor Space per Person and Housing Development: An Urban Growth Approach to Estimate Housing Supply in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article estimates an empirical model of new housing supply in Hong Kong based on the urban growth approach. The article introduces a new factor, space usage per person (SPP), to this model reflecting the quality of housing, the demand and supply aspects of the housing market, along with prices and other standard variables. SPP may also be used as

Wadu Mesthrige Jayantha; Stephen Siu Yu Lau

2008-01-01

151

Modern industrial structure and development of house price spatial disparity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I examine the development of the spatial structure of house prices. Due to consumer preferences for access over amenity value, there is a spatial disparity of house prices. According to Alonso's extension of von Thünen's theory, the relationship between house prices in urban and rural areas tends to follow certain principles. This relationship is more often negative

Vífill Karlsson

2007-01-01

152

Targeting the suburban urbanites: Marketing central?city housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores target marketing as a means to identify which middle?income suburbanites may relocate to central cities. The most targetable populations reside near central cities and lead urban lifestyles. We term such people “suburban urbanites.” Geodemography, a method combining population and location, is used to classify suburban urbanites using data from Claritas Inc., a target marketer. Claritas divides the

Robert E. Lang; James W. Hughes; Karen A. Danielsen

1997-01-01

153

Does Air Quality Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We exploit the structure of the Clean Air Act to provide new evidence on the capitalization of total suspended particulates (TSPs) air pollution into housing values. This legislation imposes strict regulations on polluters in "nonattainment" counties, which are defined by concentrations of TSPs that exceed a federally set ceiling. TSPs…

Chay, Kenneth Y.; Greenstone, Michael

2005-01-01

154

Housing Market Analysis for the Coosa Valley Region.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study has as its primary goal the determination of the extent of substandard housing in the five counties of the Coosa Valley Region and the numbers of units necessary to help eliminate the present problems of low and moderate income and minority grou...

1972-01-01

155

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Section 972.124 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY...HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC...

2013-04-01

156

China's recent urban development in the process of land and housing marketisation and economic globalisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The postreform landscape is characterised by the formation of a more market-oriented system and the ‘open-door’ policy. Economic globalisation and marketisation, especially in the arena of urban land and housing, are becoming the key variables determining the postreform urban development in China. Since China opened its door in 1978, foreign investment has continued to flow into the cities and played

Fulong Wu

2001-01-01

157

Efficiency in housing markets: Which home buyers know how to discount?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We test for efficiency in the Swedish co-op market by examining the negative relationship between the sales price and the present value of future monthly payments or ‘rents’. If the co-op housing market is efficient, the present value of co-op rental payments due to underlying debt obligations of the cooperative should be fully reflected in the sales price. However, a

Erik Hjalmarsson; Randi Hjalmarsson

2009-01-01

158

Accessibility and Environmental Quality: Inequality in the Paris Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine empirically the market for local amenities in the Paris metropolitan region. We find first that there is considerable inequality in the spatial distribution of these local amenities, including accessibility, environmental and social indicators. We use a spatial representation and Lorenz curves to examine the degree of inequality in these amenities, and this provides evidence that

André de Palma; Kiarash Motamedi; Nathalie Picard; Paul Waddell

2007-01-01

159

Technological innovation in community housing development: Barriers to energy efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community housing developers produce affordable housing and jobs for many residents of low-income neighborhoods through the rehabilitation of existing single and multi-family buildings. Typically operating as small, not-for-profits or community-based organizations, the vast numbers of community housing developers creates high coordinating costs of operating jointly to acquire the shared learning needed to implement new techniques, such as those involving energy

Cavallo

1996-01-01

160

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Las Vegas-Paradise, Nevada As of March 1, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Las Vegas-Paradise, Nevada Housing Market Area (HMA) consists of Clark County, which is located in southern Nevada, bordering California. Las Vegas, the most populous city in the county and the county seat, is known as the Entertainment Capital of the...

2009-01-01

161

The changing market for heritage tourism: A case study of visits to historic houses in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognising the broad appeal, to both governments and visitors, of heritage tourism, this paper discusses the key management trends and indices associated with a particular segment of this market, concerning historic houses open to the public. While supporting the established orthodoxy that admission numbers are largely insensitive to increases in admission charges, certainly in the short term, the paper notes

Susan Markwell; Marion Bennett; Neil Ravenscroft

1997-01-01

162

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Richmond, Virginia As of January 1, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Richmond Housing Market Area (HMA), with a population of 1.27 million, is coterminous with the Richmond metropolitan statistical area and consists of 16 counties and 4 independent cities. The HMA, located in central Virginia, includes the Richmond Cit...

2012-01-01

163

Omakotikiinteistoen Kauppa-Arvo Suomessa (Market Value of One-Family House in Finland).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of this research was to investigate the possibilities to apply the empirical comparable sales price analysis for evaluating one-family houses. The other aim was to study their market values as well as the most significant price factors.

J. Halomo

1995-01-01

164

A regional look at the role of house prices and labor market conditions in mortgage default  

Microsoft Academic Search

A linear fixed effects statistical model is used to study variations in foreclosure rates across metropolitan statistical areas in the Fifth Federal Reserve District. We find that variations in local labor market conditions and house prices do a remarkable job of capturing variation in foreclosure rates. We study the regional variation in foreclosure rates in more detail by examining two

Sonya Ravindranath Waddell; Anne Davlin; Edward S. Prescott

2011-01-01

165

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis, Lexington-Fayette, Kentucky as of January 1, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Lexington-Fayette Housing Market Area (HMA) consists of Bourbon, Clark, Fayette, Jessamine, Scott, and Woodford Counties in the Bluegrass region of east-central Kentucky, approximately 80 miles south of Cincinnati, Ohio. The area is home to the Univer...

2012-01-01

166

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Sebastian-Vero Beach, Floria As of April 1, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sebastian-Vero Beach, Florida Housing Market Area (HMA) consists of Indian River County on the Atlantic coast of Florida. The HMA is located approximately 125 miles north of Miami- Fort Lauderdale and 75 miles south of Cape Canaveral. Major industries...

2008-01-01

167

A market study on the quality characteristics of eggs from different housing systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

To study the differences among commercial eggs from four housing systems i.e. cage, barn, free range and organic, 41 physical and chemical parameters were evaluated on 28 fresh egg samples from the Italian market. The univariate statistic analysis evidenced that organic eggs had the highest whipping capacity and foam consistency but the lowest freshness (the highest air cell height) and

A. Hidalgo; M. Rossi; F. Clerici; S. Ratti

2008-01-01

168

The role of the Fannie Mae\\/Freddie Mac duopoly in the American housing market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief introduction to the role of the Fannie Mae\\/ Freddie Mac duopoly in the American housing market. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – First, the paper defines the “government sponsored enterprise,” which is the type of hybrid public\\/private entity that Fannie and Freddie are and provides an introduction to the other significant government

David Reiss

2009-01-01

169

The Residual Income Method: A New Lens on Housing Affordability and Market Behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to explore the viability of an alternative method of measuring affordability (the residual income method) to that of the ubiquitous 30 per cent benchmark method and to use this alternative method for enriching understanding around a range of affordability and housing market issues. The work has been exploratory but it does reveal both the potential and

Michael E. Stone; Terry Burke; Liss Ralston

2011-01-01

170

Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis: Shreveport-Bossier City, Louisiana As of July 1, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Shreveport-Bossier City, Louisiana Housing Market Area (HMA) is defined as Bossier and Caddo Parishes. The HMA is part of the three-parish Shreveport-Bossier City, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which also includes DeSoto Parish. Shreveport is loca...

2008-01-01

171

Providing Cheap Land for Social Housing: Breaching the State Aid Regulations of the Single European Market?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tasan-Kok T., Groetelaers D. A., Haffner M. E. A., van der Heijden H. M. H. and Korthals Altes W. K. Providing cheap land for social housing: breaching the state aid regulations of the single European Market?, Regional Studies. European Union member states are not permitted to provide aid that will distort competition by favouring certain undertakings or the production of

Tuna Tasan-Kok; Danielle A. Groetelaers; Marietta E. A. Haffner; Harry M. H. Van Der Heijden; Willem K. Korthals Altes

2011-01-01

172

International policy trends in housing the elderly in developed countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  The proportion of elderly persons in the population is rising in the developed countries. Housing and related social policies\\u000a are undergoing change to respond to this socio-demographic change within the context of wider changes in policy thinking with\\u000a respect to housing and aging. International trends in housing policy for elderly people may be discerned despite national\\u000a variations. The governments of

Satya Brink

1990-01-01

173

AVCC Marketing, Communications and Development Conference 2007 \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally the academic library has had a central place or role within the university. It has long been considered an important - and relatively unchanging - part of campus life. The building housed books that students borrowed and the staff provided similar services from year to year. There was no real need for the library to market itself to the

Liz Burke; Anne M. Webster; Sonia Boccardo

174

OF SLUMS AND GATED COMMUNITIES: FAILURES OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL LAND MARKETS IN DEVELOPING CITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: In most large cities in the developing world, the formal market for land and housing serves only a minority of the population. It is estimated that between 30 and 70% live in 'irregular' settlements and that up to 85% of the new housing stock is produced in an extra- legal manner, with severe social and environmental consequences. The paper

Erhard Berner

175

Patterns of Residential Crowding among Hispanics in Later Life: Immigration, Assimilation, and Housing Market Factors  

PubMed Central

Objective. We describe patterns of residential crowding among older Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites. We also examine hypotheses about the relationship of residential crowding with assimilation (language and duration of residence) and housing market characteristics. Methods. We employ a multilevel research design, using data from the 2000 U.S. Census of Population. Hierarchical linear models are utilized to estimate the association between residential crowding and both individual and housing market factors. Results. Approximately one third of older Hispanics in metropolitan areas live in crowded housing compared with only one tenth of older non-Hispanic Whites. Foreign-born older persons report higher levels of crowding than U.S.-born older persons. Residential crowding differences between older Hispanics and non-Hispanics are not eliminated after controls are included. Older Hispanics who report better English language skills and a longer duration of residence in the United States live in less crowded housing. We do not find evidence for a relationship between crowding and residential segregation, but we find consistent evidence for an association between residential crowding and relative size of the Hispanic population. Discussion. The forces that shape household composition and access to housing among older Hispanics appear to result in higher levels of residential crowding for this population.

Mutchler, Jan E.; Gerst, Kerstin

2010-01-01

176

Leveraging firm-level marketing capabilities with marketing employee development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the theoretical foundations of the resource-based view of the firm, this study develops and measures marketing employee development capabilities and investigates how it moderates the relationships between brand and customer relationship management capabilities and firm performance outcomes. Based on a random sample survey of chief marketing executives from selected industries, combined with objective firm performance indicators and controls, results

Linda M. Orr; Victoria D. Bush; Douglas W. Vorhies

2011-01-01

177

Recent House Price Developments: The Role of Fundamentals  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the vast majority of OECD economies, house prices in real terms have been moving up strongly since the mid-1990s. Because of the important role housing wealth has been playing during the current upswing, this paper will look more closely at what is underlying these developments for 18 OECD countries over the period from 1970 to the present, with a

Nathalie Girouard; Mike Kennedy; Paul van den Noord; Christophe André

2006-01-01

178

Housing Study. General Development Plan, Girard, Ohio.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The City of Girard is a 'Bedroom Community' supplying the labor force for the adjacent industrial activity, and as such requires a larger percentage of land activity devoted to housing. While the city is average in land area, its density is higher as comp...

E. G. McLean

1972-01-01

179

Upgrade energy building standards and develop rating system for existing low-income housing  

SciTech Connect

The city of Memphis Division of Housing and Community Development (HCD) receives grant funding each year from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to provide local housing assistance to low-income residents. Through the years, HCD has found that many of the program recipients have had difficulty in managing their households, particularly in meeting monthly financial obligations. One of the major operating costs to low-income households is the utility bill. Furthermore, HCD`s experience has revealed that many low-income residents are simply unaware of ways to reduce their utility bill. Most of the HCD funds are distributed to low-income persons as grants or no/low interest loans for the construction or rehabilitation of single-family dwellings. With these funds, HCD builds 80 to 100 new houses and renovates about 500 homes each year. Houses constructed or renovated by HCD must meet HUD`s minimum energy efficiency standards. While these minimum standards are more than adequate to meet local building codes, they are not as aggressive as the energy efficiency standards being promoted by the national utility organizations and the home building industry. Memphis Light, Gas and Water (MLGW), a city-owned utility, has developed an award-winning program named Comfort Plus which promotes energy efficiency{open_quote} in new residential construction. Under Comfort Plus, MLGW models house plans on computer for a fee and recommends cost-effective alterations which improve the energy efficiency of the house. If the builder agrees to include these recommendations, MLGW will certify the house and guarantee a maximum annual heating/cooling bill for two years. While the Comfort Plus program has received recognition in the new construction market, it does not address the existing housing stock.

Muller, D.; Norville, C. [Memphis and Shelby County Div. of Planning and Development, TN (United States)

1993-07-01

180

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...acting in any of the capacities specified, the community housing development organization must...community housing development organization setaside...committed to develop the capacity of community housing development organizations...

2009-04-01

181

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...acting in any of the capacities specified, the community housing development organization must...community housing development organization setaside...committed to develop the capacity of community housing development organizations...

2010-04-01

182

An International Marketing Curriculum - Development and Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the process of market-driven curriculum design in the development of an undergraduate International Marketing (IM) major at Duquesne University (Pennsylvania) School of Business Administration. Reports on a market study revealing profiles and IM curriculum design preferences of exporting companies. Discusses the curriculum development,…

Abboushi, Suhail; Lackman, Conway; Peace, A. Graham

1999-01-01

183

PERSPECTIVES OF BIOFUEL MARKET DEVELOPMENT IN UKRAINE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advantages and disadvantages of subsidies for production and use of biofuel are considered. The perspectives of development of the biofuel market in Ukraine in the context of the world market for biofuel are analyzed. The following directions of strategic development of biofuel production in Ukraine were studied: a) to comply with the free market principles, b) to facilitate export of

STANISLAV BORYSOV

184

An International Marketing Curriculum - Development and Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the process of market-driven curriculum design in the development of an undergraduate International Marketing (IM) major at Duquesne University (Pennsylvania) School of Business Administration. Reports on a market study revealing profiles and IM curriculum design preferences of exporting companies. Discusses the curriculum development,…

Abboushi, Suhail; Lackman, Conway; Peace, A. Graham

1999-01-01

185

Low Fertility and the Housing Market: Evidence from Swedish Regional Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long-term effect of low birth rates is a decline in the population share of children and young adults. How will such changes\\u000a in age structure affect the housing market? In this article, panel data sets for Swedish municipalities from 1981 to 2006\\u000a are used to answer this question. The use of panel data makes it possible to control for

Bo Malmberg

2010-01-01

186

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...expenses of community housing development organizations (CHDOs...of the community housing development organization. Such costs...salaries, wages, and other employee compensation and...

2013-04-01

187

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

188

Marijuana use among minority youths living in public housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youths residing in public housing developments appear to be at markedly heightened risk for drug use because of their constant\\u000a exposure to violence, poverty, and drug-related activity. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model of marijuana\\u000a etiology with adolescents (N=624) residing in public housing. African-American and Hispanic seventh graders completed questionnaires\\u000a about their marijuana use,

Christopher Williams; Jennifer A. Epstein; Gilbert J. Botvin; Michelle Ifill-Williams

1999-01-01

189

Influence of Job Accessibility on Housing Market Processes: Study of Spatial Stationarity in the Buffalo and Seattle Metropolitan Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The impact of job accessibility on housing prices is examined in the Buffalo and Seattle metropolitan areas using a hedonic\\u000a regression modeling framework. Global hedonic regression results show that job accessibility is positively associated with\\u000a housing prices in the two study areas. Local hedonic regression modeling is also conducted to test whether the response of\\u000a the housing market to job

Sungsoon Hwang; Jean-Claude Thill

2010-01-01

190

Smokeless tobacco in Canada: deterring market development  

PubMed Central

DATA SOURCES—A review of the literature identified demographic, cultural, and marketing variables related to the uptake and continuation of smokeless tobacco use. Government and industry data on production, marketing, and consumption of smokeless tobacco products are presented.?METHODS—The Canadian and American markets are compared in terms of prevalence, consumption per capita, and marketing practices. Lessons to be learned from the well-orchestrated development of the American market in the past 30 years are examined. Canadian tobacco regulations are described. Strategies by which the increased exploitation of the Canadian smokeless tobacco market can be deterred are discussed.?CONCLUSIONS—A long-term, independently financed strategy built around a national smokeless tobacco de-marketing organisation with a constellation of private local institutions is suggested as a means of combating smokeless tobacco marketing efforts.???Keywords: smokeless tobacco; marketing; Canada

Wyckham, R.

1999-01-01

191

The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets  

PubMed Central

Persistent racial inequality in employment, housing, and a wide range of other social domains has renewed interest in the possible role of discrimination. And yet, unlike in the pre–civil rights era, when racial prejudice and discrimination were overt and widespread, today discrimination is less readily identifiable, posing problems for social scientific conceptualization and measurement. This article reviews the relevant literature on discrimination, with an emphasis on racial discrimination in employment, housing, credit markets, and consumer interactions. We begin by defining discrimination and discussing relevant methods of measurement. We then provide an overview of major findings from studies of discrimination in each of the four domains; and, finally, we turn to a discussion of the individual, organizational, and structural mechanisms that may underlie contemporary forms of discrimination. This discussion seeks to orient readers to some of the key debates in the study of discrimination and to provide a roadmap for those interested in building upon this long and important line of research.

Pager, Devah; Shepherd, Hana

2010-01-01

192

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2010-04-01

193

Meat alternatives — market developments and health benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing range of food ingredients is used in the manufacture of meat alternative products reflecting technological and innovative developments and consumer demand for high quality meat alternative products. This article reviews the market size and market drivers for such products, the key technological developments to date, the nutritional value, health benefits and potential contribution to public health of such

Michele J Sadler

2004-01-01

194

Democracy and Free Markets in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper makes an attempt to understand the impact the institutions of democracy and free market have had on developing nations. While it is fairly obvious that democracy is probably the best way of governing, it has become a matter of opinion if democracy together with free market can truly help developing nations. Amy Chua in her book has given

Poulomi Dasgupta

195

Leadership Development in Social Housing: A Research Agenda  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to develop a research agenda to underpin leadership development activity in the social housing sector, in the light of an identified need for effective leadership in this sector owing to the continual reform and changes it faces. Design/methodology/approach: A literature review is conducted by searching a…

Ward, Carolyn; Blenkinsopp, John; McCauley-Smith, Catherine

2010-01-01

196

Getting Back on Tract: Developer Housing Re-energized  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The problems of the suburban condition have been documented over the past few decades by urban planners and architects alike. However it is clear that demand for car-oriented developments remains high, and expansion of the suburbs with single family houses continues. Given this reality, this thesis focuses on the importance of developing a comprehensive design approach to tract housing that is more responsive to site, more energy efficient and less damaging to the environment. The work builds upon research that is being conducted through the Carleton Research & Innovation in Sustainable Energy Project (C-RISE). In collaboration with Urbandale Developers, C-RISE is studying the potential for making single family houses more energy efficient through passive solar design, building envelope, seasonal storage of solar thermal energy, hybrid passive-active storage of solar thermal energy, and passive and solar cooling. In light of this work, this thesis proposes a series of single family house designs that incorporate the C-RISE energy technologies and also address larger architectural issues around tract house and lot design.

Yeatman, Andrea

197

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Section 972.209 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY...HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC...

2013-04-01

198

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...Section 972.106 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY...HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT CONVERSION OF PUBLIC...

2013-04-01

199

Marketing Education Regional Staff Development. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents results of a project to identify alternative delivery systems for marketing education and to disseminate marketing education resource information. It describes project objectives and activities, including development of a regional delivery approach, preparation of trainers to conduct regional inservice meetings, and regional…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

200

Pension Funding and Capital Market Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides evidence that the degree of pension funding in an economy is an important determinant for the development of its capital markets. Employing a unique event list of 87 pension funding reforms in 57 countries between 1976 and 2007, we find that pension funding reforms lead to larger stock and corporate bond markets relative to the time before

Taro Niggemann; Jörg Rocholl

2009-01-01

201

The Development of Financial Markets in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project analyzing the development of Polish financial markets sponsored by the USAID grant was aimed at examining selected problems of the banking system and financial markets in Poland. The main criterion for selection of these problems was their potential usefulness for policy-makers at the present stage of the economic transformation. The studies within the project address the issues that

Lucjan T Orlowski

2005-01-01

202

The Development of Financial Markets in Poland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project analyzing the development of Polish financial markets sponsored by the USAID grant was aimed at examining selected problems of the banking system and financial markets in Poland. The main criterion for selection of these problems was their potential usefulness for policy-makers at the present stage of the economic transformation. The studies within the project address the issues that

Lucjan T. Orlowski

1999-01-01

203

Stock and credit market expansion and economic development in emerging markets: further evidence utilizing cointegration analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically investigates the relationship between equity and credit market development and economic growth, in a sample of five very important 'emerging' markets. In particular, employing a multivariate time-series methodology to test for long-run trends and causality between variables that proxy for stock market development, credit market development and economic development. The results seem to suggest that equity markets

Konstantinos Kassimatis; Spyros I. Spyrou

2001-01-01

204

Housing and urban development research reports  

SciTech Connect

The sixth in a series of documents published by the Department of Housng and Urban Development (HUD) to assist in the formulation of policy decision contains 247 abstracts entered in the HUD USER automated data base during the past six months, bringing the data base total to 3,583 documents. There are 45 subject areas in the main section, with the abstracts in each area arranged alphabetically by title. Each abstract is identified by an order number and is followed by descriptive keywords. Other listings of the documents are alphabetical, numerical, by personal or corporate author, by contract and grant number, and by subject index.

Not Available

1984-01-01

205

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a) General...research, marketing research and development, and...

2013-01-01

206

The development of pub marketing in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to look at the changing relationship between brewers and pub owners. The paper considers the acquisition of British public houses by brewers and the introduction of national brands supported by advertising. The recent separation of brewing from pub ownership has brought about different types of public houses and different methods of marketing

J. D. Pratten

2006-01-01

207

State Strategy for Recycling Market Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ultimate importance of developing recycling markets is to accomplish these five objectives: Assist local governments and state offices in achieving the recycling goals in the SCORE (Select Committee on Recycling and the Environment) legislation throug...

L. Millberg

1991-01-01

208

An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit\\/analogue-input and 16 bit\\/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage.

Dirk Verellen; Sven Van Vaerenbergh; Koen Tournel; Karina Heuninckx; Laurent Joris; Michael Duchateau; Nadine Linthout; Thierry Gevaert; Truus Reynders; Iwein Van de Vondel; Luc Coppens; Tom Depuydt; Mark De Ridder; Guy Storme

2010-01-01

209

Urban planning, housing and the socio-economic development of women in a developing country  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper identifies aspects of housing and urban development legislation that inhibit the socio-economic progress of women in Cameroon. Three components of the legislation, namely the urban master plan, the land use decree and the building control ordinance are shown to imbibe elements that are overtly biased against women. Measures deemed capable of making housing and urban development policy outcomes

Ambe J. Njoh

1998-01-01

210

Rental Housing Affordability for Low- and Moderate-Income People. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development of the Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs. House of Representatives. One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This record of testimony before the House Subcommittee on Housing and Community Development focuses on the affordability of housing for low- and moderate-income people. A decent home and suitable living environment is a right guaranteed by the 1968 Fair Housing Act, but many Americans are in housing crisis. The subcommittee investigated ways for…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Banking, Finance and Urban Affairs.

211

Marketing Communications and Sustainable Development in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the search for reliable sustainable devel- opment models and approaches. It is also a re-exploration of old but persistent questions in the development equation: What is the role of communication in the development process, and how can marketing strategies be integrated with other promotional methods to engender sustainable development? It shows that development communication literature is replete

Ikechukwu Nwosu

212

Large resource development projects as markets for passive solar technologies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A basic premise of this study is that large resource development projects provide a major market opportunity for passive solar manufactured buildings. The primary objectives of the work are to document selected resource development projects and identify their potential housing needs and development schedules, to contact resource industry representatives and assess some of the processes and motivations behind their involvement in housing decisions, and to provide passive solar manufactured buildings producers with results of these steps as early initial market intelligence. The intent is to identify not only the industries, location of their planned projects, and their likely worker housing needs, but also the individuals involved in making housing-related decisions. The 56 identified projects are located within 18 states and cover 11 types of resources. The report documents individual projects, provides protections of total worker-related housing needs, and presents overviews of resource development company involvement in the new construction market. In addition, the report profiles three organizations that expressed a strong interest in implementing the use of low-cost passive solar manufactured buildings in resource-development-related activities.

Roze-Benson, R V

1980-12-01

213

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45...Handling Research § 922.45 Marketing research and development. The committee...provide for the establishment of marketing research and development projects...

2010-01-01

214

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45...Handling Research § 923.45 Marketing research and development. The committee...provide for the establishment of marketing research and development projects...

2010-01-01

215

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45...Handling Research § 922.45 Marketing research and development. The committee...provide for the establishment of marketing research and development projects...

2009-01-01

216

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45...Handling Research § 923.45 Marketing research and development. The committee...provide for the establishment of marketing research and development projects...

2009-01-01

217

7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45...Handling Research § 916.45 Marketing research and development. The...establishment of production research, marketing research and development projects...

2010-01-01

218

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section... § 923.45 Marketing research and development. The committee, with...establishment of marketing research and development projects designed...

2013-01-01

219

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section... § 922.45 Marketing research and development. The committee, with...establishment of marketing research and development projects designed...

2013-01-01

220

7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...905.54 Marketing, research and development. The committee may...production research, marketing research and development projects,...

2013-01-01

221

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a)...

2010-01-01

222

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Market Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a)...

2009-01-01

223

Dynamic Residential Housing Cycles Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops and tests a theoretical model for residential housing market cyclical dynamics. The model employs an interactive\\u000a supply and demand framework to engender housing price dynamics. Under our set of assumptions, the two equation system is econometrically\\u000a identified: the first equation, housing demand, relates rent, property values, and capitalization rates with demand fundamentals.\\u000a The second equation, housing supply,

Robert H. Edelstein; Desmond Tsang

2007-01-01

224

DEVELOPING A SYSTEM DYNAMICS MODEL OF THE UK PRIVATE HOUSE BUILDING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the construction and the validation of an UK house building system dynamics model. The purpose of the model is to determine the drivers on new private house building demand. Such features as house building starts, construction in progress, housing completion and economic indicators are incorporated in the model. The focus of the paper is the development of

Séverine Hong-Minh; Paul Childerhouse; Mohamed Naim

225

Public Housing in a Competitive Market: An Example of How It Would Fare.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report models program outcomes if the present public housing system were deregulated and operating subsidies replaced with portable, tenant-based rental assistance. HUD researchers analyzed the large and varied public housing stock of the Housing Aut...

1996-01-01

226

City of Quincy, Florida. Housing Study. Comprehensive Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The review updates and supplements the city's 1969 Initial Housing Element and provides a current evaluation of local housing needs and resources. The housing study is also designed to aid and implement other recently prepared Comprehensive Planning studi...

1971-01-01

227

Factors related to rapidity of housing placement in Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing program of 1990s.  

PubMed

The Housing and Urban Development-Department of Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program is the largest supported housing program in the country for homeless veterans who are seeking rapid entry into permanent independent housing. This study examined factors related to how rapidly clients were housed in the early years of the program and how long they stayed in the program. Mental health, substance abuse, work/income, criminal history, and site were examined as predictors of process times. Regression analyses based on 627 HUD-VASH clients who entered the program between 1992 and 2003 showed that client characteristics were not rate-limiting factors for obtaining HUD-VASH housing; i.e., clients who had greater substance abuse problems or more extensive criminal histories did not take longer to obtain housing. The large differences associated with site of entry partly reflected a curvilinear relationship between the duration of operation of the HUD-VASH program and process times; i.e., at relatively younger and older programs, clients entered housing slightly faster than at programs in the middle range. Lastly, HUD-VASH clients whose case managers reported good therapeutic alliances stayed in the program longer. These findings have implications for the continued expansion of the HUD-VASH program. PMID:21938662

Tsai, Jack; O'Connell, Maria; Kasprow, Wesley J; Rosenheck, Robert A

2011-01-01

228

Regional housing market spillovers in the US - lessons from regional divergences in a common monetary policy setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we seek to quantify the importance of state-level housing price spillovers and interest rate shocks to house price developments in the United States. The econometric approach involves an application of the recently developed global VAR (GVAR) as presented in Dées, DiMauro, Pesaran, and Smith (2005) and Pesaran, Schuermann, and Weiner (2004) to the 31 biggest US states

Isabel Vansteenkiste

2007-01-01

229

Housing and labor market distortions in Poland : linkages and policy implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poland's housing and macroeconomic policies have restricted investments in housing and urban infrastructure to a level well below that of other European countries. This has resulted in a shortage of housing typified by 15 to 20 year waits for government sponsored housing. Shortages of this magnitude are likely to cause distortions with impacts on patterns of savings and consumption, the

Stephen K. Mayo; James I. Stein

1988-01-01

230

The Time-Series Properties on Housing Prices: A Case Study of the Southern California Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the time-series relationship between housing prices in eight Southern California metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs). First, we perform cointegration tests of the housing price indexes for the MSAs, finding seven cointegrating vectors. Thus, the evidence suggests that one common trend links the housing prices in these eight MSAs, a purchasing power parity finding for the housing prices in Southern

Rangan Gupta; Stephen M. Miller

2009-01-01

231

A Marketing Manual for Job Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is intended for job developers and people working in educational, vocational, and training organizations with responsibilities for job development and placement. It is designed to help them perform their responsibilities more effectively by making them more responsive to market needs and more efficient in executing their…

Serapio, Manuel G., Jr.

232

Developing marketing capabilities for customer value creation through Marketing–Sales integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The capacity to create superior customer value stems from the marketing capabilities a company possesses. A considerable body of research has indicated that market oriented companies have distinctive marketing capabilities which lead to superior organizational performance. Although it has been widely recognized that the development of marketing capabilities requires the joint effort of Marketing and Sales departments, almost no attention

Paolo Guenzi; Gabriele Troilo

2006-01-01

233

Feasibility Analysis Model for Developer-Proposed Housing Projects in the Republic of Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current construction industry recession in the republic of Korea has caused many construction companies to promote their own housing development projects. However, developers are still proposing many housing projects. While many studies on feasibility analysis for housing projects have been released, the focus was on economic feasibility, and factors related to developers have not been identified clearly enough to

Young-Ki Huh; Bon-Gang Hwang; Joong-Seok Lee

2012-01-01

234

Housing and Labor Market Distortions in Poland: Linkages and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

During its period as a centrally planned economy, Poland?s housing and macroeconomic policies restricted investments in housing and urban infrastructure to a level well below that of other European countries. This resulted in a shortage of housing typified by 15- to 20-year waits for government-subsidized housing and a stock of housing that fell short of the number of Polish households

Stephen K. Mayo; James I. Stein

1995-01-01

235

Development and accreditation of an in-house TLD program  

SciTech Connect

Southern California Edison began developing a TLD program for its San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station in 1982. By the fall of 1984, it had replaced the previous film badge service with a new in-house TGLD program, and the program had received NVLAP accreditation. This article describes the general approach taken to implement the new TLD program and the experiences gained enduring the accreditation process. The TLD system is described and four phases of program development are discussed: NVLAP pilot testing, TLD system field testing, formal NVLAP performance testing, and the on-site technical audit.

Hammar, K.M. (Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (US))

1984-04-01

236

Evolutionary Product Development in Working-Class Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The well?known economical product life cycle describes the typical pattern of a product’s turnover over time. Although it has become a central concept in product development and marketing, it has severe practical limitations. Probably one of the most important limitations is that it is a purely quantitative, descriptive relationship. It describes the most probable pattern over time in the relative

Arthur O. Eger

2009-01-01

237

41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the General Services Administration...the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. Section 808(d)...

2013-01-01

238

76 FR 73988 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-08...Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451 Seventh Street SW...the Department of Housing and Urban Development Act (42 U.S.C....

2011-11-29

239

76 FR 73989 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-09...Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 AGENCY: Office...Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and HUD's...

2011-11-29

240

Marketing concepts for pharmaceutical service development.  

PubMed

Marketing concepts as a mechanism to help pharmacy develop, communicate, and sell future pharmaceutical services to consumers are discussed. Pharmacy as a profession must define itself broadly to take advantage of future growth opportunities. These growth opportunities will be realized from unmet health-care needs and changing consumer life style trends and values. New services must therefore be oriented toward consumers (i.e., patients, health professionals, and third-party agencies) to gain acceptance. Dispensing and drug-knowledge-distribution pharmaceutical services are reviewed by a product life cycle analysis of sales profits versus time. A marketing mix for new pharmaceutical services is developed consisting of service, price, distribution, and promotion strategies. Marketing can encompass those key elements necessary to meet the organizational goals of pharmacy and provide a systematic, disciplined approach for presenting a new service to consumers. PMID:7211890

Grauer, D W

1981-02-01

241

Indian and Alaska Native Housing and Community Development Programs: 1983 Annual Report to Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is the Sixth Annual Report to Congress on Indian and Alaskan Native Housing and Community Development Programs. The Department operates four major HUD programs in Indian areas: HUD-Assisted Public Housing: The Homeownership Opportunity Programs...

1983-01-01

242

Developing the Regulatory Environment for Competitive Agricultural Markets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tables of Contents: Preface; Foreword; Abstract; Introduction; Criteria for Evaluating Market Performance; Classification of Market Activities; Description of Regulatory Strategies for Agricultural Markets; Requirements for Development of Private Commodit...

L. D. Hill K. L. Bender

1995-01-01

243

Export Market Development by Agricultural Commodity Promotion Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Export market development activities are an integral part of today's agricultural marketing due to increasing competition worldwide. Marketing activities include program promotion, advertising, and research financed by private and government-supported com...

K. J. Spatz

1989-01-01

244

Housing Submarkets in Istanbul  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tests the hypothesis that in a segmented housing market, housing price structure is different in each segment and whole market area price structure does not reflect a realistic housing price structure effectively. Submarket existence is tested in order to average household income in neighbourhoods in the Istanbul housing market. Whether the consequential variations in prices in each segment

Elif Alkay

2008-01-01

245

Mind Map Marketing: A Creative Approach in Developing Marketing Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this conceptual article, the authors describe an alternative course structure that joins learning key marketing concepts to creative problem solving. The authors describe an approach using a convergent-divergent-convergent (CDC) process: key concepts are first derived from case material to be organized in a marketing matrix, which is then used as the platform for creation of a marketing plan through

Lars Torsten Eriksson; Amie M. Hauer

2004-01-01

246

Credit Market Development and Human Capital Accumulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a two period overlapping generations economy with asymmetric information, we investigate the interaction between credit market development and human capital accumulation. As is typical, young borrowers supply their endowed unit of labor time to earn wage income which is used as internal funds. In contrast to conventional setups, young lenders distribute theirs between acquiring education and working for earnings.

Wai-Hong Hoy

2008-01-01

247

Stock Market Development and Financial Intermediaries: Stylized Facts  

Microsoft Academic Search

World stock markets are booming, and emerging stock markets account for a disproportionate share of this growth. Yet economists lack a common concept or measure of stock market development. This article collects and compares a broad array indicators of stock market and financial intermediary development, using data from forty-four developing and industrial countries during the period from 1986 to 1993.

Asli Demirguc-kunt; Ross Levine

1996-01-01

248

International Capital Markets: Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication has recently been made available by the International Monetary Fund. International Capital Markets: Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues is part of an annual series that has been produced since 1980. It is "an integral element of the IMF's surveillance of developments in international financial markets." It contains sections on developments in mature markets, emerging markets, and international banking, among others.

Folkerts-Landau, David.; Mathieson, Donald J.; Schinasi, Garry J.

1997-01-01

249

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section...existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for...at which FMRs are set is expressed as a percentile point within the rent distribution...FMR area. FMRs are set at either the...

2010-04-01

250

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section...existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for...at which FMRs are set is expressed as a percentile point within the rent distribution...FMR area. FMRs are set at either the...

2009-04-01

251

Mismatch in the Resettlement Process: The Vietnamese Family versus the American Housing Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the large households, extended kin ties, and cooperation among households that characterize Vietnamese kinship structure. Demonstrates how American housing trends toward smaller units conflict with the social and housing needs of Vietnamese refugee families. (GC)|

Haines, David W.

1980-01-01

252

The Time-Series Properties of House Prices: A Case Study of the Southern California Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the time-series relationship between house prices in eight Southern California metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs).\\u000a First, we perform cointegration tests of the house price indexes for the MSAs, finding seven cointegrating vectors. Thus,\\u000a the evidence suggests that one common trend links the house prices in these eight MSAs, a purchasing power parity finding\\u000a for the house prices in Southern

Rangan Gupta; Stephen M. Miller

2012-01-01

253

The Market Value of Reducing Cancer Risk: Hedonic Housing Prices with Changing Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we use housing price changes occurring after the release of a regulatory agency's environmental risk information to estimate the value people place on cancer risk reduction. Using a large original data set on the repeat sales of houses, matched with detailed data on hazardous waste cancer risk and newspaper publicity, we find that housing prices respond in

Ted Gayer; James T. Hamilton; W. Kip Viscusi

2002-01-01

254

Keeping to the Private Market: The Evolution of Canadian Housing Policy: 1900-1949  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation traces the evolution of Canadian housing policy from 1935 to 1949 and examines the origins of the housing problems which promoted government programs. Housing problems, defined as a gap between affordability and an acceptable minimal standard of shelter, reached major proportions in rapidly expanding Canadian urban cities from 1900-1913. Exacerbation of these disparities by World War One, contributed

John C. Bacher

1985-01-01

255

KEEPING TO THE PRIVATE MARKET: THE EVOLUTION OF CANADIAN HOUSING POLICY: 1900-1949  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dissertation traces the evolution of Canadian housing policy from 1935 to 1949 and examines the origins of the housing problems which promoted government programs. Housing problems, defined as a gap between affordability and an acceptable minimal standard of shelter, reached major proportions in rapidly expanding Canadian urban cities from 1900-1913. Exacerbation of these disparities by World War One, contributed

JOHN CHRISTOPHER BACHER

1985-01-01

256

Urban villages and housing values in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence of urban villages is a unique product of China's urbanization. In this article, we explore the effects of urban villages on the formal housing market. For this purpose, we develop a hedonic housing price model to investigate whether the proximity to urban villages affects the selling price of urban housing units. Controlling for the structure and other characteristics

Yan Song; Yves Zenou

2012-01-01

257

The Hedonic Pricing Model Applied to the Housing Market of the City of Savannah and Its Savannah Historic Landmark District  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study applies a hedonic pricing model to the housing market of the City of Savannah, Georgia. The Savannah Historic Landmark District is located both in and adjacent to downtown Savannah. Of the 2,888 single-family homes for the period 2000-2005 for which data are available, 591 are located in the Historic District. The model of the real sales price of

Richard J. Cebula

2009-01-01

258

Neighborhood Development Program, Colorado A-2, West Side Housing, Denver, Colorado.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project is a Neighborhood Development Program and housing program to provide low and moderate and medium income housing in an area just west of the Central Business District of Denver, Colorado. The project will remove 47 businesses and 275 housing un...

1973-01-01

259

Literacy and Education Needs in Public and Indian Housing Developments throughout the Nation. Report to Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to a Senate request, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) gathered existing data on educational attainment and achievement of residents in public and Indian housing projects. Data sources included the 1989 American Housing Survey, the 1988 Survey of Income and Program Participation, the 1988 National Longitudinal…

Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, DC.

260

The Winners in China's Urban Housing Reform  

PubMed Central

Housing reform in China has proceeded on two tracks: privatization of public housing and development of a new private housing sector. During this period of transition, rents have remained relatively low in the remaining public housing, and purchase prices offered to occupants of public housing have been well below market prices. Although these rents and prices are partly based on known formulas, there is considerable variability in how much people pay for similar apartments. This study uses 2000 Census data to estimate the housing subsidy received by the remaining renters in the public sector and purchasers of public housing, based on private sector prices for housing of comparable quality and size. The paper also analyzes variation in the estimated discount from market prices that these people receive. The findings show that the biggest winners in China’s transition from socialist housing allocation are those who were favored in the previous system, based on such factors as residence status, education and occupation.

Logan, John R.; Fang, Yiping; Zhang, Zhanxin

2013-01-01

261

Financial market development and corporate financing: evidence from emerging market economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of financial market development on corporate financing of emerging market firms to ascertain whether or not interactions in the financial market has any impact on the available choice of financing of firms. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Panel data covering the period 1990-2006 for 34 emerging market economies were analyzed within

Godfred A. Bokpin

2010-01-01

262

Federal Responsess to Market Turmoil. Testimony of Peter R. Orzag, before the Committee on the Budget, U.S. House of Representatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since August 2007, the Federal Reserve and the Treasury have been attempting to address a series of severe breakdowns in financial markets that emanated from the bursting of the housing bubble, leading to substantial losses on mortgage-related securities ...

P. R. Orszag

2008-01-01

263

Mind Map Marketing: A Creative Approach in Developing Marketing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this conceptual article, the authors describe an alternative course structure that joins learning key marketing concepts to creative problem solving. The authors describe an approach using a convergent-divergent-convergent (CDC) process: key concepts are first derived from case material to be organized in a marketing matrix, which is then used…

Eriksson, Lars Torsten; Hauer, Amie M.

2004-01-01

264

New Course Development in Multicultural Marketing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The multicultural market has witnessed tremendous growth in many societies, yet multicultural marketing is marginalized in the marketing curriculum. The focus of this article is to stimulate more discussion of multicultural issues within marketing by proposing suggestions for a multicultural marketing course and identifying appropriate teaching…

Burton, Dawn

2005-01-01

265

Pacific Tuna Development Foundation: Shark Control and Market Development Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Division of Fish and Wildlife, was awarded $50,020.00 by Pacific Tuna Development Foundation to conduct shark fishing and market development in the Northern Mariana Islands. The primary objective of the project is to reduce the number of shark populat...

1982-01-01

266

Market Development Potential for Photovoltaics: A Review of Recent Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Ten recent studies of the market development potential for photovoltaic electricity generation are reviewed. The studies examine the assumed conditions and trends under which market development will occur, the present barriers to penetration, and the role...

J. Dernburg D. DePaso C. Fenton

1981-01-01

267

House Price Dynamics in Italy - La dinamica delle quotazioni immobiliari in Italia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently housing markets have played a crucial role in macroeconomic developments. Optimistic housing markets have contributed to sustained economic activity in most OECD countries during the first years of the 2000s. Nevertheless many markets overheated and the collapse of the US subprime mortgage market has been at the epicentre of a deep financial and economic crisis. Against this background, this

Tiziana Caliman; Enrico Di Bella

2011-01-01

268

The Emerging Dominance of Immigrants in the US Housing Market 1970–2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article summarizes growth trends in occupied housing in the USA and in five individual states with the largest immigrant populations—California, New York, Florida, Texas and Illinois. The analysis covers the decades between 1970 and 2000 and documents the explosive growth of immigrant housing demand. Foreign-born households constitute increasingly large shares of total households in the USA (11 percent in

Dowell Myers; Cathy yang Liu

2005-01-01

269

Explaining house price changes in Greece  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops an equilibrium model for the Greek housing market that incorporates both macroeconomic and country-specific variables that affect demand for and supply of houses. In the overall upward phase of the 26-year period examined (1985Q1–2010Q4), our investigation of short-term fluctuations in real house prices and stock prices confirms the inverse relationship between movements in the housing price index

Dimitrios Gounopoulos; Andreas G. Merikas; Anna A. Merika; Anna Triantafyllou

2012-01-01

270

ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

271

Report and Recommendations of the In-Rem Housing Task Force Committee on Housing and Urban Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluates New York City's methods of managing, upgrading and disposing of the housing it takes for tax arrears. Seven major policy recommendations are offered for handling these in rem properties. The first recommendation suggests that the city develop early intervention strategies in order to stem the flow of distressed properties…

Community Service Society of New York, NY.

272

Study on the new features of urban housing development and design in Xi'an  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes several new features of housing development in the city of Xi'an. There are three parts of the paper. At first, the article proposes the background of the study. Then it summarizes three characteristics of the residential development at present. Firstly, the housing consumption starts to care for the brand of the developers. The competition is changing from

Jinghua Liu; Jiaping Liu

2011-01-01

273

Authentication System for Electrical Charging of Electrical Vehicles in the Housing Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently the smart grid has been a hot issue in the research area. The Electric Vehicle (EV) is the most important component in the Smart Grid, having a role of the battery component with high capacity. We have thought how to introduce the EV in the housing development, and for proper operation of the smart grid systems in the housing area the authentication system is essential for the individual houses. We propose an authentication system to discriminate an individual houses, so that the account management component can appropriately operate the electrical charging and billing in the housing estate. The proposed system has an architecture to integrate the charging system outside a house and the monitoring system inside a house.

Song, Wang-Cheol

274

An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy.  

PubMed

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy(-1) can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min(-1)) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37 degrees C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding +/-30 degrees C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations. PMID:20090184

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-01-20

275

Race Discrimination in the Rental Housing Market: A Study of the Greater Washington Area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Eighteen years after Congress passed the Fair Housing Act of 1968, black homeseekers have at least a fifty percent chance of encountering discrimination in the Washington metropolitan area. This is the finding of a major study on racial discrimination in ...

1986-01-01

276

Discrimination in Rural Housing: Case Studies and Analysis of Six Selected Markets. Volume II: Case Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results are reported from a study aimed at identifying factors contributing to inequality in housing in rural communities in Arkansas, Georgia, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Dakota, and Tennessee. Data were obtained through interviews with builders, l...

1975-01-01

277

Does Hazardous Waste Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market and the Superfund Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately $30 billion (2000$) has been spent on Superfund clean-ups of hazardous waste sites, and remediation efforts are incomplete at roughly half of the 1,500 Superfund sites. This study estimates the effect of Superfund clean-ups on local housing price appreciation. We compare housing price growth in the areas surrounding the first 400 hazardous waste sites to be cleaned up through

Michael Greenstone; Justin Gallagher

2005-01-01

278

Local housing market and transportation improvements: The case of cul de sac and extremely remote localities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I examine the relationship between housing prices and transport improvements in case of tunnel in a locality in an extremely remote area of Iceland – a village far north called Siglufjörður. It have been documented that transportation improvements tend to influence housing prices, due to the general consumer preference for access over amenity value. I will examine

Vifill Karlsson

2011-01-01

279

The Marketing Challenge. Distributing Increased Production in Developing Nations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Inadequate transportation and storage, poor market information, lack of capital, and other chronic marketing problems in developing countries have been dramatized by recent production increases. The document is based on a symposium which was organized to ...

M. Kriesberg

1970-01-01

280

Regional housing market spillovers in the US: lessons from regional divergences in a common monetary policy setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we seek to quantify the importance of state-level spillovers and in- terest rates shocks to house price developments in the United States. The economet- ric approach involves an application of the recently developed global VAR (GVAR) as presented in Dées, DiMauro, Pesaran, and Smith (2005) and Pesaran, Schuer- mann, and Weiner (2004) to the 31 biggest US

I. Vansteenkistea

281

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45...45 Production research, marketing research and development. The...establishment of production research, marketing research and development projects...

2009-01-01

282

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section...Production research, market research and development. The committees...production research, marketing research, and development projects designed...

2013-01-01

283

DRIVERS AND BARRIERS FACING SMALLER EMERGENT MARKET EXPORTERS ENTERING DEVELOPED MARKETS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The significance of emerging economies cannot be underestimated, given developed markets of the world increasingly suffer from economic stagnation, ageing populations and declining birth rates. We provide a comprehensive conceptual framework on smaller emergent market exporters, extending current understanding, by incorporating the key drivers (history of the firm; network experience; market position; manager characteristics; trading blocs and new technologies) and

Athena Bangara; Susan Freeman; Paul Kalfadellis

284

The Impact of News, Oil Prices, and Global Market Developments on Russian Financial Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the impact of news, oil prices, and international financial market developments on daily returns on Russian bond and stock markets. First, regarding returns, energy news affects returns, while news from the war in Chechnya is not significant. Market volatility does not appear to be sensitive to either type of news. Second, a significant effect of the growth

Bernd Hayo; Ali M. Kutan

2004-01-01

285

SYSTEMS THINKING IN THE STUDY OF HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN HONG KONG NEW TOWNS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we have applied system dynamics to analyse housing development in Hong Kong new towns. Because housing development is concerned with many factors such as population growth, employment, personal income, gross domestic product and government policies, it is a complex social-economic system that demands system thinking for its solution. We have constructed a system dynamics model that attempts

Yucun Hu; Qiping Shen

286

Housing developers' perceptions of the planning process: a survey of Swedish companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The public activity of controlling land use is exerted through the planning process. The purpose of this paper is to examine how housing developers perceive different aspects of the planning process, and if these perceptions might act as a constraint for the development of new housing projects. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey, based on a questionnaire, has been conducted

Stefan Olander; Anne Landin

2008-01-01

287

Housing Quality and Access to Material and Learning Resources within the Home Environment in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined home environment conditions (housing quality, material resources, formal and informal learning materials) and their relations with the Human Development Index (HDI) in 28 developing countries. Home environment conditions in these countries varied widely. The quality of housing and availability of material resources at home…

Bradley, Robert H.; Putnick, Diane L.

2012-01-01

288

Developing Functional Networks of Frontier Capital Markets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Individuals make economic decisions in a market context that is influenced by their social interactions and opportunities. Examining the structure, dynamics, and unique characteristics of the capital market network in which they operate is vital to unders...

D. Evans M. Moten

2011-01-01

289

Development of Consistency between Marketing and Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined descriptive information about marketing, enrollment management, institutional planning and factors affecting them. A factor analysis of statistically appropriate variables identified factors associated with a state of symbiosis between marketing and institutional planning. (Author/BL)|

Williford, A. Michael

1986-01-01

290

Unaffordable “Affordable” Housing: Challenging the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Area Median Income  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no such thing as “affordable” housing. Affordability is not a characteristic of housing: It is a relationship between housing and people. For some people, all housing is affordable, no matter how expensive. For others, no housing is affordable, no matter how cheap.

Michael E. Stone

2009-01-01

291

In-house developed methodologies and tools for decommissioning projects  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes different methodologies and tools developed in-house by Tractebel Engineering to facilitate the engineering works to be carried out especially in the frame of decommissioning projects. Three examples of tools with their corresponding results are presented: - The LLWAA-DECOM code, a software developed for the radiological characterization of contaminated systems and equipment. The code constitutes a specific module of more general software that was originally developed to characterize radioactive waste streams in order to be able to declare the radiological inventory of critical nuclides, in particular difficult-to-measure radionuclides, to the Authorities. In the case of LLWAA-DECOM, deposited activities inside contaminated equipment (piping, tanks, heat exchangers...) and scaling factors between nuclides, at any given time of the decommissioning time schedule, are calculated on the basis of physical characteristics of the systems and of operational parameters of the nuclear power plant. This methodology was applied to assess decommissioning costs of Belgian NPPs, to characterize the primary system of Trino NPP in Italy, to characterize the equipment of miscellaneous circuits of Ignalina NPP and of Kozloduy unit 1 and, to calculate remaining dose rates around equipment in the frame of the preparation of decommissioning activities; - The VISIMODELLER tool, a user friendly CAD interface developed to ease the introduction of lay-out areas in a software named VISIPLAN. VISIPLAN is a 3D dose rate assessment tool for ALARA work planning, developed by the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK.CEN. Both softwares were used for projects such as the steam generators replacements in Belgian NPPs or the preparation of the decommissioning of units 1 and 2 of Kozloduy NPP; - The DBS software, a software developed to manage the different kinds of activities that are part of the general time schedule of a decommissioning project. For each activity, when relevant, algorithms allow to estimate, on the basis of local inputs, radiological exposures of the operators (collective and individual doses), production of primary, secondary and tertiary waste and their characterization, production of conditioned waste, release of effluents,... and enable the calculation and the presentation (histograms) of the global results for all activities together. An example of application in the frame of the Ignalina decommissioning project is given. (authors)

Detilleux, Michel; Centner, Baudouin [Tractebel Engineering (Belgium)

2007-07-01

292

In-House Software Development: What Project Management Practices Lead to Success?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project management is an important part of software development, both for organizations that rely on third-party software development and for those whose software is developed primarily in-house. Moreover, quantitative survey-based research regarding software development's early, nontechnical aspects is lacking. To help provide a project management perspective for managers responsible for in-house software development, we conducted a survey in an attempt

June M. Verner; William M. Evanco

2005-01-01

293

Cogeneration development and market potential in China  

SciTech Connect

China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Xin, D. [State Planning Commission of China, Beijing, BJ (China). Energy Research Inst.

1996-05-01

294

Office Market Indexes Development Using System Dynamics Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the basis of a Real Estate Office Market indexes development, with its theoretical framework validation been made through the use of a System Dynamics model. The well recognized cyclicality of office markets, along with overbuild as a widespread problem, suggests a fundamental causal mechanism in the office market process itself. Being perceived that information lag is a

Rogerio Fonseca Santovito; Max Kummerow; Claudio Tavares de Alencar

295

Developing a Marketing Strategy for Nonprofit Organizations: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nonprofit organizations have grown tremendously in the last three decades. With this growth has come a greater interest from the nonprofit sector in the importance of marketing. Nonprofits did not apply marketing techniques until 1960–1970, but it is now a well accepted practice. Traditional marketing strategies do not work for nonprofit organizations, and this study proposes the development of a

Jennifer A. Pope; Elaine Sterrett Isely

2009-01-01

296

Protection of minority interest and the development of security markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

While excessive regulation is an obstacle to the development of financial markets, we argue that lack of basic rules or poorly enforced regulation may explain the relative importance across countries of banking and security markets in financing firms. A selective or arbitrary enforcement transforms legal rules into an exclusionary good; arm's length market exchanges become unreliable. As a result, transactions

Franco Modigliani; Enrico Perotti

1997-01-01

297

Contractual Savings or Stock Market Development Which Leads?  

Microsoft Academic Search

August 2000This paper argues that contractual savings (assets of pension funds and life insurance companies) contribute to stock market development. And it provides international time-series evidence supporting a causal relationship between contractual savings and stock market development in many countries, particularly in those where capital markets were initially not deeply developed.Catalan, Impavido, and Musalem study the relationship between the development

Gregorio Impavido; Alberto R. Musalem; Mario Catalan

2000-01-01

298

Diverse developments in travel and tourism marketing: a thematic approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews developments in travel and tourism marketing as reflected by articles published in the Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing over a four-year period from the journal’s inception in 1992-1995. Identifies five main themes (economic psychology, market segmentation and travel patterns, strategic marketing, technological advances and travel and tourism communications) and related subthemes that portray a pattern of diverse research

Clark Hu

1996-01-01

299

Developing a promotional strategy: important questions for social marketing.  

PubMed

Health practitioners often use the terms marketing and promotion interchangeably. Yet, promotion is just one element of an overall marketing strategy. To realize the greatest impact there must be a combination of all the marketing components, including product, price, place, and promotion. The purpose of this article is to clarify the role of promotion and describe key elements of developing a promotional strategy within the broader context of a social marketing initiative. PMID:17982003

Thackeray, Rosemary; Neiger, Brad L; Hanson, Carl L

2007-10-01

300

Exploring the potential of Product Service Systems to achieve household waste prevention on new housing developments in the UK.  

PubMed

Product service systems (PSS) are cleaner product concepts which have been developed to achieve improvements in resource productivity which may be realized from modern trends in service delivery. However, there is a paucity of research on the waste prevention performance of PSS in UK household markets. This paper reports the findings of exploratory research which begins to address this gap in knowledge. An exploratory waste prevention assessment was completed on four experimental PSS which were developed in conjunction with a major UK house-builder for delivery on their new housing developments. The results of the assessment show that the selected PSS concepts have potential to prevent high value and harmful Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) arising in UK household waste streams. Consistent with the canon of exploratory research, the assessment also identifies a number of factors which are thought to influence PSS waste prevention performance. It is recognized that further research is needed to gain an in-depth understanding of these factors as well as to define policy measures which enable the conditions in which PSS prevent household waste on new housing developments in the UK to be created. PMID:19470530

Gottberg, Annika; Longhurst, Philip J; Cook, Matthew B

2009-05-26

301

Neighborhood Dynamics and the Housing Price Effects of Spatially Targeted Economic Development Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neighborhoods are the result of a complicated interplay between residential choice, housing supply and the influences of the larger metropolitan system on its constituent parts. We model this interplay as a system of reduced-form equations in order to examine the effects of a generous spatially targeted economic development program (the federal Empowerment Zone program) on neighborhood characteristics, especially housing values.

Douglas J. Krupka; Douglas S. Noonan

2009-01-01

302

The changing nature of financing low?income urban housing development in Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

The poor state of housing in the cities of developing countries has been the subject of numerous studies. Only a few published articles on the topic, however, emphasise the complexity and interrelatedness of the key components of housing such as land, finance, building materials, and construction technologies. This article examines one of these components, namely finance, and assesses its importance

Gervase Chris Macoloo

1994-01-01

303

Planning for Rural Housing in the Republic of Ireland: From National Spatial Strategies to Development Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the role of spatial planning as a policy framework for managing rural housing within an integrated territorial development strategy. The paper focuses on the Republic of Ireland, which provides a useful case for analysing spatial planning and rural housing relationships, due to the State's recent shift towards spatial planning (formalized with the publication of the Irish National

Menelaos Gkartzios; Mark Scott

2009-01-01

304

This article is a case study of one of the world's most sophisticated housing finance markets, the Danish mortgage market  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 With a standard Danish mortgage contract, it is possible to borrow long-term (up to 30 years) at fixed rates with an option to make penalty-free prepayments. This option is also embedded in the US mortgage contract. US and Danish mortgage markets are globally exceptional in this regard. The main consequence of this option element in the US-Danish style contract

Allen Frankel; Jacob Gyntelberg; Kristian Kjeldsen; Mattias Persson

305

House Prices and Regional Real Estate Cycles: Market Adjustments in Houston  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real estate cycles often generate sharp swings in real housing prices, price changes that cannot be adequately described by a single statistic such as median home values. Instead, the entire structure of prices across all quality levels must be examined. This paper analyzes the price impact of the Houston, Texas, real estate bust. It shows that the average price of

Barton A. Smith; William P. Tesarek

1991-01-01

306

A Cross-Country Study of Market-Based Housing Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibilities to improve households' eligibility for long-term housing loans at fixed interest rates has been a current topic of public discussion. Yet, credit institutions have difficulties in granting such loans, unless they themselves can acquire fixed-rate funding. In many cases, the only feasible way for them to raise such funding is to issue bonds. In a number of countries,

Kaare Andersen; Karlo Kauko

1996-01-01

307

Impacts of housing and mortgage market discrimination racial and ethnic disparities in homeownership  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are persistent differences in homeownership rates across racial and ethnic groups. Homeownership rates for whites are over 20 percentage points higher than for blacks or Hispanics. This paper uses a model of the housing tenure decision to gain a better understanding of these racial and ethnic differentials in homeownership and employs a decomposition technique that has been applied to

Susan M. Wachter; Isaac F. Megbolugbe

1992-01-01

308

Cultivar evaluation for hoop house grown onions  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Oklahoma onions are produced for the fresh market using a combination of short and intermediate day cultivars. Recently developed hoop house transplant production techniques enable local production of cultivars not available as transplants elsewhere. Several new intermediate cultivars have product...

309

Residential Construction and Credit Market Imperfection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the asset market equilibrium approach, the effects of Financial Regulations, Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (1989), of the new housing selling time, and of the commercial paper–Treasury Bill spread, through the credit markets, on total and speculative single-family housing construction are investigated. A new speculative single-family housing starts series is developed for this analysis. The credit-market factors appear to

Thomas Sai-fan Chan

1999-01-01

310

Open House  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the US housing market collapsed in 2008, so did the dreams of many middle- and lower-class Americans. Florida, California, Nevada, and Arizona were hit particularly hard, and not by a force of nature, but by the abstract and invisible hand of the market. Prior to the collapse, the movement of global capital seemed like a distant reality to most

Jack Stenner; Patrick LeMieux

2011-01-01

311

The dynamics of Swedish national and regional house price movement  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the recent persistent growth of regional house price pattern in Sweden is explained by the fundamental variables and the regional distributive perspective on household income and wealth are indicated to be important to understand the different level and development of regional housing market. We also discuss the long running relationship between house prices and migration flows and

Zan Yang; Bengt Turner

2004-01-01

312

Modelling customer perceived service quality in housing construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to develop a theoretical model concerning the way service quality impacts on the perceptions of customers in housing construction. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The model is based on marketing theory merged with construction concepts. The Australian housing industry is used as a basis for creating a generalised market scenario. Parasuraman et al.'s “gap model” is adapted to

Perry Forsythe

2008-01-01

313

Housing management matters: Citizenship and managerialism in the new welfare market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses three neglected issues in the restructuring of housing policy and provision in the UK in the 1980s and\\u000a 1990s: first, the relationship between welfare restructuring and management regimes; second, the nature of local variations\\u000a in the impact of welfare restructuring; and third, the significance of human agency interpretations of change. The paper starts\\u000a by summarizing the main

Robina Goodlad

1999-01-01

314

UK Housing Market: Time Series Processes with Independent and Identically Distributed Residuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines whether a univariate data generating process can be identified which explains the data by having residuals\\u000a that are independent and identically distributed, as verified by the BDS test. The stationary first differenced natural log\\u000a quarterly house price index is regressed, initially with a constant variance and then with a conditional variance. The only\\u000a regression function that produces

Geoff Willcocks

2009-01-01

315

Flood Hazards and Urban Housing Markets: The Effects of Katrina on New Orleans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impacts on consumers’ willingness to pay for certain characteristics of housing in greater New Orleans\\u000a before and after the flooding of Hurricane Katrina. Single-family home sales from January 2004 to August 2006 are collected\\u000a and used in a hedonic price function to estimate the changes in the value of amenities, and structural, neighborhood and geographic\\u000a characteristics,

Russell McKenzie; John Levendis

2010-01-01

316

Housing Quality and Access to Material and Learning Resources within the Home Environment in Developing Countries  

PubMed Central

This study examined home environment conditions (housing quality, material resources, formal and informal learning materials) and their relations with the Human Development Index (HDI) in 28 developing countries. Home environment conditions in these countries varied widely. The quality of housing and availability of material resources at home were consistently tied to HDI; the availability of formal and informal learning materials little less so. Gross domestic product (GDP) tended to show a stronger independent relation with housing quality and material resources than life expectancy and education. Formal learning resources were independently related to the GDP and education indices, and informal learning resources were not independently related to any constituent indices of the overall HDI.

Bradley, Robert H.; Putnick, Diane L.

2011-01-01

317

Niger Market Town Development Study: Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nearly 90% of the population in Niger depends on an agricultural economy. Policymakers are paying increasing attention to the role of market towns in supporting agricultural production and in providing alternative means of diversifying rural income. Stron...

P. L. Doan B. D. Lewis

1989-01-01

318

Market Segmentation Development for Public Transportation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is an opportunity for public transportation to arrest its decline and, perhaps, restore profitability. But to take advantage of the opportunity will require a radical shift in the ways transit approaches its market and manages its operations. The co...

R. R. Reed

1973-01-01

319

Considerations for Development and Marketing of Needleless ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... New or old technology ? Patient factors ... Specific technology for delivery may provide market protection ? Special formula method or excipient ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/newsevents

320

75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning Grants and the Department of Transportation's TIGER II Planning Grants Correction In notice document 2010-15353 beginning on page 36246 in the issue of Thursday, June 24,...

2010-07-02

321

Increasing the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Effectiveness through Improved Management. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the first in a series of GAO reports evaluating management effectiveness at major federal departments. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is striving to better manage its programs and achieve its current objectives of (1) reduci...

1984-01-01

322

Research Needs and Guidelines on Women's Issues: Planning, Housing and Community Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report suggests new research guidelines for analyzing women's issues and their relation to planning, housing, and community development. The guidelines are based on factors that take into account differences in the circumstances of women, household o...

J. Leavitt

1979-01-01

323

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2009-04-01 2009-04-01...of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

2009-04-01

324

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development OFFICE OF ASSISTANT...

2013-04-01

325

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2010-04-01

326

Immunogenicity and efficacy of an in-house developed cell-culture derived veterinarian rabies vaccine  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficiency of an inactivated tissue culture rabies vaccine produced on BHK-21 cells, according to an in-house developed process, was evaluated and compared to a commercial cell-tissue culture vaccine (Rabisin). Fifteen experimental dogs from local common breed were duly conditioned during a quarantine period, then vaccinated via the subcutaneous route with 1ml of either the tissue culture vaccine developed in-house

Héla Kallel; Mohamed Fethi Diouani; Houssem Loukil; Khaled Trabelsi; Mohamed Ali Snoussi; Samy Majoul; Samia Rourou; Koussay Dellagi

2006-01-01

327

Psychosocial predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDAdolescents residing in low-income public housing developments in inner-city regions may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of risk factors associated with cigarette smoking.OBJECTIVETo elucidate the aetiology of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments.DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTSWe examined predictors of smoking from four domains: background characteristics, social influences, behavioural control, and psychosocial characteristics using a sample of

Jennifer A Epstein; Christopher Williams; Gilbert J Botvin; Tracy Diaz; Michelle Ifill-Williams

1999-01-01

328

The impact of social housing developments on nearby property prices: A Nelson Mandela Bay Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social housing projects often face substantial “Not-in-my-backyard†(NIMBY) sentiment and as a result are frequently plagued by local opposition from communities who argue that nearby property prices will be affected adversely by these developments. International hedonic pricing studies conducted have, however, produced mixed results with some concluding that social housing developments may in fact lead to an improvement in surrounding

M. Du Preez; M. C. Sale

2011-01-01

329

Developing breakthrough products: challenges and options for market assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competitive pressures and market forces are augmenting the importance of product innovation as a source of competitive advantage. Key drivers underpinning market success have the capacity to develop the “right” products for the “right” customers, using the “right” channels, with a shorter development cycle than competitors. But when breakthrough products (BTPs) are involved, how do we sort out what is

Gene Deszca; Hugh Munro; Hamid Noori

1999-01-01

330

The strategic development of manufacturing: Market analysis for investment priorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The UK government promoted a ‘manufacturing, planning and implementation’ (MPI) scheme between 1991 and 1994. Its aim was to support the strategic development of advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) in participating companies. For such AMT developments to be strategic required the companies first to undertake a market review to establish what precisely was required to win orders in its target markets.

Roy Westbrook

1997-01-01

331

Understanding MBA Consumer Needs and the Development of Marketing Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The need to develop marketing strategies in higher education is evident. In order to develop effective strategies, marketers must understand the basic needs that their product fulfills. Exploratory research was utilized to identify and better understand the needs that motivate consumers to pursue an MBA degree. This paper emphasizes the…

Dailey, Lynn; Anderson, Murphy; Ingenito, Cristina; Duffy, David; Krimm, Paul; Thomson, Scott

2006-01-01

332

Guest editorial : Export marketing: developments and a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Export marketing research over the last four decades has covered a number of theoretical and practical issues such as standardisation and customisation, export development processes, barriers to exporting, export performance, etc. Rapid technological, institutional, legislative, economic and attitudinal changes across the globe pose challenges for the future development of export marketing research. The emergence of turbulent and hypercompetitive business environments

George Balabanis; Marios Theodosiou; Evangelia S. Katsikea

2004-01-01

333

Family Control Business and Capital Market Development in ASEAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effect of family ownership structure on capital market development in four Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries, namely, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines using panel data analysis. The results indicate that greater family influence in the stock exchange has detrimental effect on capital market development. The results can be considered valid as three alternative

Bany Ariffin Amin Noordin; Siong Hook Law

2008-01-01

334

The housing market channel of the monetary transmission mechanism in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the roles that the property market plays in the transmission of interest rate movements to output growth and inflation in Hong Kong. Theoretically, interest rate- induced property price fluctuations affect private consumption and fixed asset investments through the wealth and balance sheet effects. They are also directly fed through to the rental component of the composite CPI

335

Do brokerage houses add value? The market impact of UK sell-side analyst recommendation changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the first full study investigating the economic role of sell-side analysts’ stock recommendations in the UK market. We also explore whether UK analysts are, in practice, influenced by the same biases as that reported for their US counterparts.We find that share prices are significantly influenced by analysts’ recommendation changes, not only at the time of the

Paul Ryan; Richard J. Taffler

2006-01-01

336

Selling the solar home '80: market findings for the housing industry  

SciTech Connect

This is the second report on marketing experiences in the HUD residential solar heating and cooling demonstration program, which supports many different types of solar projects and collects data on their performance and on the experiences of builders in marketing these projects. The study of market factors affecting the acceptance and sale of solar homes is intended to assist and encourage builders interested in including solar energy in future projects. The data are based on a small sample of HUD projects awarded in three cycles between January 1976 and May 1977. The market data collection process involved field visits to each site and comprehensive interviews with key actors in the construction and marketing process; with local government officials in the building code department, tax assessor's office, and zoning agency; and with the purchasers of the solar homes. For comparison purposes, interviews were also held with builders and buyers of conventional homes. Followup interviews were held with the purchasers of the solar homes at 6 - month intervals to determine levels of satisfaction, obtain information on energy use and utility costs, and identify attitudes toward solar energy. Questions were also asked about the operation, performance and maintenance of the solar systems. The solar outlook is seen as encouraging, with three - quarters of builders willing to construct additional solar homes outside the HUD program. The trend has shifted from active to passive solar design. Further study is recommended to determine frequency and cost of repairs and to document energy savings and relate these savings to operating expenses and the initial system cost. Illustrations and tabular data are provided.

Not Available

1980-01-01

337

Integrated Marketing Communications for Local Nonprofit Organizations: Developing an Integrated Marketing Communications Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the importance of integrated marketing communications for nonprofit organizations and how to get started on developing a plan including issues to address and writing objectives. Also included are strategies for writing a marketing communications plan including a prototype for such a document. Sidebars are included in the article on writing objectives and a mission statement. An explanation of a

Teri Kline Henley

2001-01-01

338

The development of a green certificate market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liberalizing the electricity industry and attempting to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases are the two dominant trends in European energy policy. The last-mentioned issue might require the contribution from renewable energy technologies, but at present most renewables cannot compete on their own with conventional technologies. Thus, it can be expected that if renewables must compete solely on market conditions

P. E. Morthorst

2000-01-01

339

Recent developments in manufacturing and marketing carrageenan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carrageenan has annual sales of over US$ 200 million, about 15% of the world use of food hydrocolloids. The market for carrageenan has grown exponentially at 5% per year for at least 25 years: 5 500 metric tons in 1970, and over 20 000 metric tons expected in 1995. The industry has become dominated by very large, multi-product companies with

Harris J. Bixler

1996-01-01

340

The development of a UK natural gas spot market  

SciTech Connect

The growth of a natural gas spot market in the United Kingdom (UK) is a radical innovation for the industry. Spot markets turned the oil industry inside out, and will do the same for gas. Such a development seemed all but impossible to gas industry experts three years ago. The role and likely form of a spot market are now at the center of current industry debate about the designing of a daily balancing regime to replace unitary management by British Gas. This paper examines parallels between the evolution of spot markets for oil in the 1980`s and the current UK gas industry. 12 refs., 1 fig.

Roeber, J. [Joe Roeber Associates, London (United Kingdom)

1996-12-01

341

Marketing in sports: a tool for developing sports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketing is the process by which companies create customer interest in products or services. It generates the strategy that underlies sales techniques, business communication and business development. It is an integrated process through which companies build strong customer relationships and create value for their customers and for themselves. In sports such marketing strategies are effective tools, which give a company

Indranil Ghosh

2010-01-01

342

Developing countries and the globalization of financial markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the impact of the globalization of financial markets on developing and transition economies. Differences between the responses of competitive and imperfectly competitive banking sectors cause them to affect economic activity differently. While nonbank financial markets and institutions can help to increase the competitiveness of banking sectors, there are \\

Malcolm D. Knight

1998-01-01

343

Developing performance measures within a marketing frame of reference  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures of the library’s productivity assess whether the library is achieving the goals and objectives of its chosen missions. This paper illustrates the concept of placing performance measures within a marketing frame of reference that builds upon the main goal of satisfying user needs. Marketing mandates that all products or services must be developed based upon knowledge of the characteristics

Christine M. Koontz; Persis E. Rockwood

2001-01-01

344

ORGANIC MEAT: MARKET DEVELOPMENT AND CONSUMER WILLINGNESS TO PAY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter provides an overview on the evolution of global market demand for organic meat and factors affecting it. Future prospects for development of organic meat consumptions and possible problems concerning trading are analysed. The price that people are willing to pay is the major determinant of the market share of organic meat. Although intent to purchase depends upon the

Michael Nelson; Ivan Artamova; Fabio Napolitano; Antonio Girolami; Ada Braghieri

345

Financial Market Development and the Rise in Firm Level Uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Paper posits that firms can choose the degree of risk inherent to their technological\\/ marketing\\/organizational strategies. Financial market development, by improving risk sharing between owners of listed firms, increases the willingness of these firms to take risky bets. This in turn increases firm level uncertainty in sales, employment and profits. In equilibrium, this effect diffuses to non-listed firms, a

David Thesmar; Mathias Thoenig

2004-01-01

346

The Polish agricultural marketing system: A policy perspective on developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polish transition to a market agriculture has in many respects been rapid. Following initial liberalisation, strong political support for farmers has resulted in increasing protection in the form of state price intervention, import barriers and subsidised credit. Poor financial performance in farming and processing persists, and the full independent development of a dynamic food marketing system continues to elude Poland.

Wanda Chmielewska; Derek Baker

1995-01-01

347

H.R. 308: A Bill to create a commission to grant exclusive franchises for the exploration for and the commercial development of geothermal energy and for the right to market any such energy in its natural state, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, January 5, 1993  

SciTech Connect

H.R. 308 is a bill to create a commission to grant exclusive franchies for the exploration for and commercial development of geothermal energy and for the right to market any such energy in in its natural state. Geothermal energy is an alternative energy form derived from the Earth`s natural heat. Direct use of geothermal resources in the United States is recognized as an alternative energy source that has proven itself technically and is both economically feasible and cost-effective. The proposed legislative text is included.

NONE

1993-12-31

348

H. R. 2746: This Act may be cited as the National Recycling Markets Act of 1991, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, June 25, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on June 25, 1991 to develop, assist, and stabilize recycling markets. Title I-Department of Commerce requirements addressed the following: Bureau of Recyclable Commodities; identification of grades for recovered materials and requirements to conform to such grades; periodic market analyses; reports of recycling capacity; assistance for recycling operations; minimum content standards; labeling requirements; plastics labeling requirements; promotion of opportunities in foreign markets; university recycling research centers; technical assistance for educational programs; recycling advisories; availability of information; and oversight by Inspector General. Title II-Environmental Protection Agency requirements addressed include the following: recycling rates; annual statistics on solid waste and other materials; government procurement of recycled goods; federal office source separation program; review of product specifications and standards; recycling advisories; availability of information; and oversight by Inspector General.

Not Available

1991-01-01

349

Energy efficiency evaluation of the housing community plan developed for Shaw Air Force Base  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project was to determine if energy efficiency is adequately addressed in Housing Community Plans being developed for Air Force Tactical Air Command bases. Although renovation work specified in the plans generally complies with current Air Force regulations and is generally consistent with public energy standards an expected level of energy efficiency that should be readily attained following renovation will not necessarily be achieved. Design and construction flaws can exist in the housing that adversely affect energy consumption. These housing deficiencies are not completely addressed in the current Air Force regulations for guidelines and, thus, are not addressed in the Housing Community Plans. A four-fold plan is recommended to ensure that future plans address improvements in energy efficiency to the fullest extent possible. The recommendations include revising guidance documents, improving field inspections, and implementing monitoring programs.

Ternes, M.P. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Scully, S. [National Association of Home Builders Research Center, Upper Marlboro, MD (United States)

1992-05-01

350

An economic analysis of the role of shoreline erosion in Ohio's residential housing market  

SciTech Connect

Shoreline erosion is the gradual disappearance of land into a lake, and property improvements are eventually threatened. Demands by property owners along Lake Erie that something be done indicate that there is a felt need for better information. The primary objective is to estimate the benefits of erosion protection, which would serve as a basis for identifying efficiency gains in alternative courses of action. There are scale economies in erosion-protection devices, so a secondary objective is to investigate the feasibility of cost-sharing groups. Erosion protection can be measured as GEOTIME, given as the number of years until the distance between the house and lake is reduced to zero. An asset-pricing model, with GEOTIME as a choice variable, indicates that the land price function should be increasing at a decreasing rate. Data were obtained from geological records and a mail survey of property owners. The null hypothesis for GEOTIME is rejected, so it is concluded that purchasers of lakeshore property have a positive willingness to pay for erosion protection. For an average property, the benefit of a protection device that increases GEOTIME from one to twenty-one years was $40,600, while the benefit of an increase from 10 to 30 years was $9,100.

Kriesel, W.P.

1988-01-01

351

Condensed tannins inhibit house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) development in livestock manure.  

PubMed

Reducing chemical use for suppressing internal and external parasites of livestock is essential for protecting environmental health. Although plant condensed tannins are known to suppress gastro-intestinal parasites in small ruminants, no research on the effects of tannins on external arthropod populations such as the house fly, Musca domestica L., have been conducted. We examined the impact of plant material containing condensed tannins on house fly development. Prairie acacia (Acacia angustissima (Mill.), Kuntze variety hirta (Nutt.) B.L. Rob.) herbage, panicled tick-clover (Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC.) herbage, and quebracho (Shinopsis balansae Engl.) extracts were introduced at rates of 1, 3 or 5% condensed tannins/kg beef cattle, dairy cattle, and goat manure, respectively. In a second experiment, we also introduce purified catechin at 1 or 3% of dairy manure dry matter and measured its impact on house fly development. For the house flies used in these experiments, the following was recorded: percent fly emergence (PFE), average daily gain (ADG), and average fly weight (AFW). No effects (P>0.05) in house fly development were measured in the caprine manure. Prairie acacia (20.9% condensed tannins) had no effect on house flies developing in either bovine manures. Tick clover (4.9% condensed tannins) had a negative effect on all three quantifiable variables of house fly development in the bovine manures, whereas quebracho extract (64.0% condensed tannins) at the 3 and 5% rate reduced fly emergence in beef manure and average daily gain in dairy manure. The application of purified catechin at 3%, but not 1%, reduced fly PFE, ADG, and AFW. PMID:22217775

Littlefield, Kimberly A; Muir, James P; Lambert, Barry D; Tomberlin, Jeffery K

2011-12-01

352

How much choice is there in housing choice vouchers? Neighborhood risk and free market rental housing accessibility for active drug users in Hartford, Connecticut  

PubMed Central

Background Since the mid-1970s, the dominant model for U.S. federal housing policy has shifted from unit-based programs to tenant based vouchers and certificates, intended to allow recipients a choice in their housing and neighborhoods. Surprisingly little research has examined the question of where those with Section 8 housing vouchers are able to live, but some research suggests that voucher holders are more likely to reside in distressed neighborhoods than unsubsidized renter households. Further, federal housing policy has limited drug users' access to housing subsidies. In turn, neighborhood disorder has been associated with higher levels of injection drug risk behaviors, and higher drug-related mortality. This paper explores rental accessibility and neighborhood characteristics of advertised rental housing in Hartford CT. Methods Brief telephone interviews were conducted with landlords or management companies with units to rent in Hartford to explore housing accessibility measured as initial move in costs, credit and criminal background checks, and whether rental subsidies were accepted. These data were supplemented with in-depth interviews with landlords, shelter staff and active users of heroin, crack or cocaine. Apartments for rent were geocoded and mapped using ArcGIS. We used location quotients to identify areas where low-income rental housing is concentrated. Finally, we mapped apartments in relation to drug and violent arrest rates in each neighborhood. Results High security deposits, criminal background and credit checks limit housing accessibility even for drug users receiving vouchers. While most landlords or management companies accepted housing subsidies, several did not. Voucher units are concentrated in neighborhoods with high poverty neighborhoods. Landlords reported little incentive to accept rental subsidies in neighborhoods with low crime rates, but appreciated the guarantee provided by Section 8 in high crime neighborhoods that were less likely to attract applicants with good jobs and credit. Conclusion Housing vouchers in themselves do not greatly improve recipients' choice of neighborhood and voucher units are concentrated in the most distressed neighborhoods. Policy changes are needed to increase landlords' incentives to accept housing subsidies. Interventions to improve neighborhood conditions are needed to improve the probability of success for those recovering from drug addictions.

Dickson-Gomez, Julia B; Cromley, Ellen; Convey, Mark; Hilario, Helena

2009-01-01

353

Essays on the economics of housing subsidies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a perfect market a government needs not to intervene. For several reasons the housing market is not a perfect market and, thus, governments generally tend to intervene. The Dutch government, however, intervenes mainly by subsidies to such an extent that the housing market has become strongly dysfunctional. The problematic functioning of the Dutch housing market makes one wonder to

F. P. W. Schilder

2012-01-01

354

7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TART CHERRIES GROWN IN THE STATES OF MICHIGAN, NEW YORK, PENNSYLVANIA, OREGON, UTAH, WASHINGTON, AND WISCONSIN Order Regulating Handling Research, Market Development and Promotion...

2013-01-01

355

Developing Hydropower in Washington State: An Electricity Marketing Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this electricity marketing manual is to give the potential small and micro-hydroelectric project developer within the state of Washington an insight into the benefits available under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA...

J. W. James G. A. McCoy

1982-01-01

356

Experience of emerging market firms: The role of cognitive bias in developed market entry and survival  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract and Key Results\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a This paper draws on organizational learning theory to explain how experience influences the propensity for emerging market\\u000a firms (using an event history analysis of a sample of Latin American firms during the 1990s) to enter developed markets, and\\u000a their likelihood of survival.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a We argue that developed market experience is positively related to emerging market

Douglas E. Thomas; Lorraine Eden; Michael A. Hitt; Stewart R. Miller

2007-01-01

357

Competitive actions of small firms in a declining market  

Treesearch

Global Forest Information Service ... Source: Journal of Small Business Management. ... to develop and test four hypotheses predicting the attributes and marketing actions associated with successful companies supplying housing markets.

358

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section...Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...production research, marketing research and development projects designed...

2013-01-01

359

SOUTH-EAST HOUSING DEVELOPMENT ? THE QUEST FOR SUSTAINABILITY: WATER AND SEWERAGE NEEDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In March 2000, Draft Regional Planning Guidance for the South East was published with the primary purpose of providing a regional framework for the preparation of development plans to 2016. This paper discusses the potential effects for the water industry of SERPLAN's predicted levels of housing growth on water resources, sewage treatment and the environment. The need for sustainable development

S. G. Evans; P. B. Spillett; K. Colquhoun

2003-01-01

360

A House Dividing: Economic Development in Pennsylvania and Virginia Before the Civil War. By John Majewski  

Microsoft Academic Search

A House Dividing serves as much-appreciated example of how narrative political economy remains a persuasive format for historical research. John Majewski addresses the topic of divergence in economic development between antebellum North and South by looking inside the highly political process of infrastructure development. Using case studies of Albemarle County, Virginia, and Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Majewski shows how competition between

Mary Eschelbach Hansen

2001-01-01

361

Spatial effects in housing price models. Do housing prices capitalize urban development policies in the agglomeration of Dijon (1999)?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we suppose that the integration of accessibility and neighborhood variables in hedonic housing models doesn't allow to take into account the spatial effects between the housing prices. Using a sample of 1520 transactions of apartments in the urban area of Dijon, we focus on two types of location variables : the distance to the CBD and the

Catherine BAUMONT

2004-01-01

362

SPATIAL EFFECTS IN HOUSING PRICE MODELS DO HOUSING PRICES CA PITALIZE URBAN DEVELOPMENT POLICIES IN THE AGGLOMERATION OF DIJON (1999) ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we suppose that the integration of accessibility and neighborhood variables in hedonic housing models doesn't allow to take into account the spatial effects between the housing prices. Using a sample of 1520 transactions of apartments in the urban area of Dijon, we focus on two types of location variables : the distance to the CBD and the

Catherine Baumont

2003-01-01

363

Psychosocial predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND—Adolescents residing in low-income public housing developments in inner-city regions may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of risk factors associated with cigarette smoking.?OBJECTIVE—To elucidate the aetiology of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments.?DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS—We examined predictors of smoking from four domains: background characteristics, social influences, behavioural control, and psychosocial characteristics using a sample of seventh graders (mean age 12.9 years) who reside in public housing developments in New York City (n = 624). The addresses of participants in a larger investigation of the aetiology and prevention of smoking were checked to determine if they lived in one of 335 public housing developments in New York City. All participants living in public housing developments were included in the current study.?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—African-American and Hispanic students completed questionnaires about their cigarette use, social pressures to smoke, smoking attitudes, smoking knowledge, and smoking resistance skills. Students also provided information on demographic and behavioural control (such as church and school attendance).?RESULTS—Logistic regression analyses indicated that social influences from friends and family members predicted smoking. Psychosocial characteristics such as advertising resistance skills, anti-smoking attitudes, and refusal skills lowered the odds of smoking.?CONCLUSIONS—These findings suggest that smoking prevention approaches targeted at these young people should increase their awareness of social pressures to smoke, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of smoking among friends, and teach relevant psychosocial skills.???Keywords: smoking initiation predictors; smoking prevention; public housing developments; psychosocial risk factors

Epstein, J.; Williams, C.; Botvin, G.; Diaz, T.; Ifill-Williams, M.

1999-01-01

364

Cutting energy costs in multifamily housing: Practical case studies for the builder and developer  

SciTech Connect

This book is based on an expert evaluation of nine existing and three proposed multifamily housing projects across the US. The existing buildings include three lowrise projects (three to four stories), six midrises (five to seven stories), and three highrise buildings (nine to thirty-nine stories). Two projects were designed and built in the late 1950's, two in the late 1960's, and five late in the ''energy-crisis'' of the 1970's. The existing projects range from municipally subsidized elderly housing, to HUD Section-8 suburban developments, to luxury urban highrise buildings. The three ''future'' buildings, designed by the NAHB research team, were based on trends anticipated in the multifamily industry by IREM and NAHB leaders, over the next five years. The key trends identified were: downsizing of units (by 10 to 20%); increased project size (in number of units), denser developments (more midrise and highrise projects), and increased amenities - all in the context of more affordable housing.

Whiddon, W.I.

1986-01-01

365

Promoting Health and Advancing Development through Improved Housing in Low-Income Settings.  

PubMed

There is major untapped potential to improve health in low-income communities through improved housing design, fittings, materials and construction. Adverse effects on health from inadequate housing can occur through a range of mechanisms, both direct and indirect, including as a result of extreme weather, household air pollution, injuries or burns, the ingress of disease vectors and lack of clean water and sanitation. Collaborative action between public health professionals and those involved in developing formal and informal housing could advance both health and development by addressing risk factors for a range of adverse health outcomes. Potential trade-offs between design features which may reduce the risk of some adverse outcomes whilst increasing the risk of others must be explicitly considered. PMID:23271143

Haines, Andy; Bruce, Nigel; Cairncross, Sandy; Davies, Michael; Greenland, Katie; Hiscox, Alexandra; Lindsay, Steve; Lindsay, Tom; Satterthwaite, David; Wilkinson, Paul

2013-10-01

366

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents' energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today's results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

367

Evaluating the greenhouse gas reduction benefits of compact housing development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regional land use and transportation planning influences energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in a number of ways, such as through its effect on vehicle miles travelled and the extension of municipal infrastructure to serve newly developed areas. Planning regulations also help to shape the density and form of residential development, which creates opportunities for energy savings, as more

Damian Pitt

2012-01-01

368

Development of Human Resources in Internal Labour Markets: Implications for Swedish Labour Market Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a consensus in most industrial societies today about the role of employment training and human competence development in workplaces as part of a national development strategy that attempts to thwart excessive labour market segmentation and to create jobs for the unemployed and career opportunities for currently low-paid and unskilled workers. Not least in Sweden, internal training is increasingly

Ake Dahlberg; Albert Tuijnman

1991-01-01

369

Towards a data-rich infrastructure for housing-market research: deriving floor-area estimates for individual properties from secondary data sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have witnessed substantial advances in the precision and availability of digital infrastructure data, remote sensing data, and microscale socioeconomic data for urban areas in many parts of the world. However, these data still remain deficient in detail especially with respect to the fine-grained property-level structural attributes that form the basis of housing-market models and simulations. This lack of

Scott Orford

2010-01-01

370

78 FR 47339 - Proposed Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program, Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...developed a methodology using mail surveys that is discussed on the bottom...specific methodology for mail surveys in areas with one-year ACS data...Random-Digit Dialing (RDD) telephone rent surveys of 200 one-bedroom and...

2013-08-05

371

Developing Market Opportunities for Flexible Rooftop Applications of PV Using Flexible CIGS Technology: Market Considerations  

SciTech Connect

There has been a recent upsurge in developments for building-integrated phototovoltaics (BiPV) roof top materials based on CIGS. Several new companies have increased their presence and are looking to bring products to market for this application in 2011. For roof-top application, there are significant key requirements beyond just having good conversion efficiency. Other attributes include lightweight, as well as moisture-proof, and fully functionally reliable. The companies bringing these new BIPV/BAPV products need to ensure functionality with a rigorous series of tests, and have an extensive set of 'torture' tests to validate the capability. There is a convergence of form, aesthetics, and physics to ensure that the CIGS BiPV deliver on their promises. This article will cover the developments in this segment of the BiPV market and delve into the specific tests and measurements needed to characterize the products. The potential market sizes are evaluated and the technical considerations developed.

Sabnani, L.; Skumanich, A.; Ryabova, E.; Noufi, R.

2011-01-01

372

Growing the entrepreneurial firm : networking for international market development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the entrepreneurial high-technology firm?s use of networks for international market development. Multisite case research and a mail survey form the empirical base for the study. Findings indicate that international market choice and mode of entry for small entrepreneurial high-technology firms are largely shaped by the interest of various network players. Influential network relationships may be both formal (e.g. business

Nicole E. Coviello; Hugh J. Munro

1995-01-01

373

A challenging approach for renewable energy market development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study demonstrates a challenging production-based and market-driven approach for the development of renewable energy (RE) market. The organized data in our research show that the countries that adopt more RE policies appear to generate more RE products. Among those instruments, incentives\\/subsidies for production are common and decisive to the popularization of RE products.Recently, the primary RE policy goal for

Ching-Hui Liao; Hsin-Hung Ou; Shang-Lien Lo; Pei-Te Chiueh; Yue-Hwa Yu

2011-01-01

374

Sample selection and spatial models of housing price indexes, and, A disequilibrium analysis of the U.S. gasoline market using panel data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation consists of two parts. The first part studies the sample selection and spatial models of housing price index using transaction data on detached single-family houses of two California metropolitan areas from 1990 through 2008. House prices are often spatially correlated due to shared amenities, or when the properties are viewed as close substitutes in a housing submarket. There have been many studies that address spatial correlation in the context of housing markets. However, none has used spatial models to construct housing price indexes at zip code level for the entire time period analyzed in this dissertation to the best of my knowledge. In this paper, I study a first-order autoregressive spatial model with four different weighing matrix schemes. Four sets of housing price indexes are constructed accordingly. Gatzlaff and Haurin (1997, 1998) study the sample selection problem in housing index by using Heckman's two-step method. This method, however, is generally inefficient and can cause multicollinearity problem. Also, it requires data on unsold houses in order to carry out the first-step probit regression. Maximum likelihood (ML) method can be used to estimate a truncated incidental model which allows one to correct for sample selection based on transaction data only. However, convergence problem is very prevalent in practice. In this paper I adopt Lewbel's (2007) sample selection correction method which does not require one to model or estimate the selection model, except for some very general assumptions. I then extend this method to correct for spatial correlation. In the second part, I analyze the U.S. gasoline market with a disequilibrium model that allows lagged-latent variables, endogenous prices, and panel data with fixed effects. Most existing studies (see the survey of Espey, 1998, Energy Economics) of the gasoline market assume equilibrium. In practice, however, prices do not always adjust fast enough to clear the market. Equilibrium assumptions greatly simplify statistical inference, but are very restrictive and can produce conflicting estimates. For example, econometric models of markets that assume equilibrium often produce more elastic demand price elasticity than their disequilibrium counterparts (Holt and Johnson, 1989, Review of Economics and Statistics, Oczkowski, 1998, Economics Letters). The few studies that allow disequilibrium, however, have been limited to macroeconomic time-series data without lagged-latent variables. While time series data allows one to investigate national trends, it cannot be used to identify and analyze regional differences and the role of local markets. Exclusion of the lagged-latent variables is also undesirable because such variables capture adjustment costs and inter-temporal spillovers. Simulation methods offer tractable solutions to dynamic and panel data disequilibrium models (Lee, 1997, Journal of Econometrics), but assume normally distributed errors. This paper compares estimates of price/income elasticity and excess supply/demand across time periods, regions, and model specifications, using both equilibrium and disequilibrium methods. In the equilibrium model, I compare the within group estimator with Anderson and Hsiao's first-difference 2SLS estimator. In the disequilibrium model, I extend Amemiya's 2SLS by using Newey's efficient estimator with optimal instruments.

Hu, Haixin

375

Multi-Year SSL Market Development Support Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan sets out a strategic, five year framework for guiding DOE's market development support activities for high-performance solid-state lighting (SSL) products for the U.S. general illumination market. The market development support activities described in this plan, which span federal fiscal years 2012 to 2016, are intended to affect the types of SSL general illumination products adopted by the market, to accelerate commercial adoption of those products, and to support appropriate application of those products to maximize energy savings. DOE has established aggressive FY16 goals for these activities, including goals for the types of products brought to market, the market adoption of those products, and the energy savings achieved through use of SSL products. These goals are for the combined effect of DOE's SSL market development support and R and D investment, as well as the leveraged activities of its partners. Goals include: (1) inducing the market introduction of SSL products achieving 140 lumens per Watt (lm/W) for warm white products, and 155 lm/W for cool white products, and (2) inducing sales of high-performance SSL products that achieve annual site electricity savings of 21 terawatt hours (0.25 quadrillion Btus primary energy) by FY16. To overcome identified market barriers and to achieve the above five year goals, DOE proposes to carry out the following strategy. DOE will implement a multi-year program to accelerate adoption of good quality, high performance SSL products that achieve significant energy savings and maintain or improve lighting quality. Relying on lessons learned from past emerging technology introductions, such as compact fluorescent lamps, and using newly developed market research, DOE will design its efforts to minimize the likelihood that the SSL market will repeat mistakes that greatly delayed market adoption of earlier emerging technology market introductions. To achieve the maximum effect per dollar invested, DOE will work closely with lighting industry organizations 'such as the Next Generation Lighting Industry Alliance, North American Illuminating Engineering Society, and the International Association of Lighting Designers' and with other government programs seeking to improve lighting energy efficiency. While DOE will work closely with these organizations and others from lighting and electric utility industry, the program will focus primarily on assisting buyers of SSL products and others acting on their behalf because satisfied buyers are essential to the success of SSL market adoption. The work product of DOE's efforts will primarily be information, of the right type, at the right time, and provided efficiently to those who can best use it. A secondary work product of DOE's program will be market opportunities, in which DOE will seek to reduce the risks and costs for manufacturers of SSL products to sell good quality, high performance products to motivated buyers. In short, DOE plans to implement a multi-year program that produces highly useful and widely available information for buyers and their agents, while producing important market opportunities for producers, avoids the mistakes of the past, and is closely coordinated with industry and government. The market needs and the overall strategy were used for deciding which types of programs and projects DOE should create, and what general form they should take. Progress toward achieving plan goals with the above program elements will be monitored and periodically reported.

Ledbetter, Marc R.

2012-05-01

376

Potential Supply and Demand for Apple and Cherry-Apple Hard Cider Markets in Michigan, and Constraints to Market Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current research explores the potential to develop a cherry-apple hard cider market as a potential means to increase demand for and the value of Michigan fruit grower's product. Factors affecting both the development of hard cider markets in Michigan and cherry-apple hard cider were explored. Research results show that the potential value of Michigan hard cider market is relatively

Denise Y. Mainville; H. Christopher Peterson

2005-01-01

377

COMMODIFICATION OF HOUSING WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In its attempt to reform the housing system, China has rapidly marketized but not privatized the housing production process and system. In contrast, the consumption of housing is privatized quickly but marketized slowly. Yet, the housing allocation process still largely relies on the old system of heavy subsidization. Nonetheless, housing subsidy has been curtailed and the growth in home ownership

Rebecca L. H. Chiu

2001-01-01

378

Teaching solar energy applications using in-house developed testbench  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand for energy from fossil fuel continues to increase, especially in countries such as China and some developing countries. However, known reserves of fossil fuel continue to decrease with resultant increase in the unit cost of oil. This economic consideration, coupled with environmental degradation has spurred renewed interest in alternative energy resources, especially solar energy and photovoltaic technology and

A. U. Chuku; B. Oni; F. Kuate; E. Overton

2005-01-01

379

Residential Property Markets in CESEE EU Member States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of residential property market developments in ten Central, Eastern and Southeastern European (CESEE) EU Member States over the last 10 to 15 years, featuring price developments, housing conditions, affordability, housing financing and policy measures targeting residential property markets. The descriptive cross-country approach particularly focuses on the period of the economic and financial crisis by capturing

Antje Hildebrandt; Katharina Steiner; Karin Wagner; Reiner Martin

2012-01-01

380

Small is beautiful: a probit analysis of development control of small houses in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we apply the probit model, an econometric technique that has been used in urban economics to examine nonaggregate cross-sectional data, to investigate the development control (planning application) data regarding the so-called 'small houses' in Hong Kong with respect to two classes of statutory zones, namely the 'green belt' and 'unspecified uses' zones. Four refutable hypotheses relating to

Lawrence W C Lai; Winky K O Ho

2001-01-01

381

The Department of Housing and Urban Development and Cooperative Extension: A Case for Urban Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|U.S. Department of Agriculture-sponsored cooperative extension systems and university programs offered through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development may find themselves in collaboration or conflict as both expand urban outreach activities. A case study in Des Moines, Iowa, illustrates how collaboration can occur and redundancy…

Borich, Timothy O.

2001-01-01

382

Logos, Ethos, Pathos, and Ecos: Neighborhood Housing Design Research and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an overview of a community-based teaching and learning project linking sustainability, working family housing, neighborhood social capital, and urban design research and development. The article foregrounds principles and protocols that can be used to measure community effectiveness and it highlights a basis for further…

Abell, John H.

2010-01-01

383

Board Member Development in the Public, Voluntary and Social Housing Sectors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Given a number of recent and ongoing changes to the role and responsibilities of executive and non-executive board members of UK social housing organisations, the paper aims to offer a literature review which explores the development provision for board members within such organisations. The paper's key question is: "How are executive…

Ward, Carolyn; Preece, David

2012-01-01

384

Critical success criteria for mass house building projects in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project success is a complex and often illusory construct. Nonetheless, it is crucially contingent towards enabling appropriate and effective allocation of resources in project management practice. Mass house building projects (MHBPs) represent one of the largest and most established project-based sectors of the construction industry in most developing economies. Above all, the management skills required on these projects differ significantly

D. K. Ahadzie; D. G. Proverbs; P. O. Olomolaiye

2008-01-01

385

United States Department of Housing and Urban Development: Fiscal Year 2004 Budget Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Fiscal Year (FY) 2004 budget proposed by President Bush for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is a budget of opportunity. It offers new opportunities for families and individuals to lift themselves toward selfsufficiency and a...

2003-01-01

386

Congressional justification for 1983 estimates, US Department of Housing and Urban Development. Part 2: Solar energy and conservation bank, community planning and development, new community development corporation, policy development and research, fair housing and equal opportunity  

SciTech Connect

HUD budget information for 1983 is presented for the Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank, Community Planning and Development, the New Community Development Corporation, Policy Development and Research, and Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity. Data relating to Community Planning and Development present figures on Community Development Grants, Urban Development Action Grants, rental rehabilitation, urban homesteading, and more. Administrative expenses and program outlays are noted for the Solar Energy and Energy Conservation Bank, the New Community Development Corporation, Policy Development and Research, and Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity. Included are summaries of budget requests, changes from 1981 estimates included in March 1982 budget estimates, an explanation of increases and decreases, and program descriptions. Data tables are provided.

Not Available

1982-03-01

387

Universal Design in Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universal design in housing is a growing and beneficial concept. It is subtle in its differences from barrier-free, accessible, and industry standard housing. Accessibility standards and codes have not mandated universal design and do not apply to most housing. Universal design exceeds their minimum specifications for accessible design and results in homes that are usable by and marketable to almost

Ronald L. Mace

1998-01-01

388

Estelle Plantation Partnership. Municipal Golf Facility and Housing Development. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Volume II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is an investigative study conducted to determine the feasibility of developing a champion quality, regulation play 18-hole municipal golf course in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. The study evaluates the market potential of golf in the Jefferson ...

1996-01-01

389

Current Log-Periodic View on Future World Market Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Applicability of the concept of financial log-periodicity is discussed and encouragingly verified for various phases of the world stock markets development in the period 2000-2010. In particular, a speculative forecasting scenario designed in the end of 2004, that properly predicted the world stock market increases in 2007, is updated by setting some more precise constraints on the time of duration of the present long-term equity market bullish phase. A termination of this phase is evaluated to occur in around November 2009. In particular, on the way towards this dead-line, a Spring-Summer 2008 increase is expected. On the precious metals market a forthcoming critical time signal is detected at the turn of March/April 2008 which marks a tendency for at least a serious correction to begin.

Dro?d?, S.; Kwapie?, J.; O?wi?cimka, P.; Speth, J.

2008-09-01

390

Teacher Labor Markets in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emiliana Vegas surveys strategies used by the world's developing countries to fill their classrooms with qualified teachers. With their low quality of education and wide gaps in student outcomes, schools in developing countries strongly resemble hard-to-staff urban U.S. schools. Their experience with reform may thus provide insights for U.S.…

Vegas, Emiliana

2007-01-01

391

Temperature and the energetics of development in the house cricket ( Acheta domesticus)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of rearing temperature on the energetics of development was investigated in house crickets (Acheta domesticus). Crickets raised at 25°C grew slower (0.51mgd?1, dry mass basis) and took longer to develop (119d) but obtained a greater adult body mass (61mg, dry mass) than crickets reared at 28°C (0.99mgd?1, 49d, 48mg). Total metabolic energy consumed during development at 25°C (1351J)

David T. Booth; Kirsty Kiddell

2007-01-01

392

Logistics education : Achieving market and research driven skill development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid changes in practice and further developments of research in logistics challenge educators to further upgrade their courses. This paper makes a case for a stronger focus on integrating hot topics and research skill development in logistics courses. Methods for improving market and professional relevance of courses, as well as, improve research skills of students are presented. Results from a

Remko I. van Hoek

2001-01-01

393

Pushing the envelope: market mechanisms for sustainable community development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces market mechanisms for sustainable community development, an interdependent planning and implementation framework encompassing strategic directions, strategies, actors and instruments for municipal policy making. It examines how the economy influences the unsustainable development of local jurisdictions and how a coherent typology of strategies, actors and policy levers can move communities toward complementary environmental, social and economic outcomes. The

David J. Hendrickson; Chris Lindberg; Sean Connelly; Mark Roseland

2011-01-01

394

On the market economy development parametrical regulation theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to offer the theory of a parametrical regulation of market economy development, and the results of the theory development and usage. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Theoretical results of the abstract have been obtained by way of applying the theory of ordinary differential equations, geometrical methods in variation tasks and the theory of dynamic systems.

Abdykappar Ashimov; Kenzhegaly Sagadiyev; Yuriy Borovskiy; Nurlan Iskakov; Askar Ashimov

2008-01-01

395

User costs of housing when households face a credit constraint: evidence for Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a formula for user costs of housing on the basis of a neoclassical approach to housing investment which does not impose a perfect capital market assumption. We suggest that the definition for the user costs of housing should be extended by an additional term which mirrors the credit constraints a household would be faced with. This extension term

Tobias Duemmler; Stephan Kienle

2010-01-01

396

How can Regional Differences in the Risk?of?Foreclosure be Explained? Evidence from Swedish Single Family Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Sweden, quite large differences in the risk?of?foreclosure for single?family housing exist between regions. The aim of this paper is to explain such differences, using data on foreclosures for all Swedish regions. In an option?based model, the risk?of?foreclosure is a function of such things as housing prices and incomes, as well as interest rate and housing price volatility. Instead of

Roland Andersson; Mats Wilhelmsson

2008-01-01

397

The development of a hybrid intelligent system for developing marketing strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the development of a hybrid intelligent system for developing marketing strategy is described. The hybrid system has been developed to: provide a logical process for strategic analysis; support group assessment of strategic marketing factors; help the coupling of strategic analysis with managerial intuition and judgement; help managers deal with uncertainty and fuzziness; and produce intelligent advice on

Shuliang Li

2000-01-01

398

Research on Transformation of Urban Development Mode in China: From City Marketing to Endogenous Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the background of global economic crisis, more and more local governments regard city marketing as a significant mode for urban development so as to strengthen urban competitiveness for more external development resources. However, since the social economic system of China is currently in a transitional period, decentralization, marketization and globalization urge the local governments to bear a strong developing

Yu Tao; Zhang Jing-xiang

2009-01-01

399

Fair Housing and Latinos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Latinos need the protection of the proposed Fair Housing Amendments of 1987 and the active support of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to overcome housing discrimination. Latinos are both disproportionately poor and inadequately housed, but low income alone cannot fully explain the poor housing conditions under which many…

Cubillos, Herminia L.

400

Are Emerging Markets Catching Up With the Developed Markets in Terms of Consumption?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study tests the consumption convergence hypothesis between developed and emerging markets over a 30-year period (1980–2009) with eight consumption variables: consumer expenditure on food, consumer expenditure on household goods and services, average consumption of calories per day, average consumption of protein per day, and possession of four durables: dishwasher, microwave oven, refrigerator, and washing machine. Socioeconomic influence on consumption

A. N. M. Waheeduzzaman

2011-01-01

401

Strategic Planning · Marketing\\/Business Development · Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

• Over 10 years of experience in working successfully with people of different cultures • Provides leadership, direction, and administration for the growth of the organization • Cost effectiveness management, budgeting, and planning for the short and long term goals of the organization • Make use of limited resources to develop strategic plan to promote profit for the organization PROFESSIONAL

Felix Cheung

2007-01-01

402

DETECTION OF URBAN HOUSING DEVELOPMENT USING MULTISENSOR SATELLITE DATA AND MAPS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detection of land-cover \\/ land-use changes is an im portant process in monitoring and managing urban de velopment and natural resources, because it provides quantitative analysis of the spatial distribution in the popula tion of interest. A large number of change-detection techniques have been developed, but little has been done to detect detailed changes, such as urban housing development, using

Yun Zhang

1998-01-01

403

New Product Development and Design for Mass Customization using House of Quality Template  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explain a House of Quality (HoQ)-based approach that integrate technical needs and customer requirements as a useful procedure in mass customization and to demonstrate a HoQ template prototype, for the purpose of managing product design and development activities efficiently. HoQ is a procedure to determine the characteristics of new product development that combines technical requirements and

Hairulliza Mohamad Judi; Ng Kim Boon

2013-01-01

404

Antibiotic development: a victim of market forces?  

PubMed

The emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a major health concern as the number of clinically useful treatment options diminishes. However, this area of research has not proven to be highly attractive to the pharmaceutical industry; indeed, several major companies have announced the termination of efforts in the arena of antibiotics. The rationale behind these strategic shifts may not be immediately evident to the general public or even to physicians. This feature review addresses some of the factors that have played a role in the current paucity of new antibiotics under development, and discusses the dangerous repercussions if major changes are not implemented soon. PMID:18465675

Tillotson, Glenn S

2008-05-01

405

SABIC developing key role in petrochemical markets  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that Sabic, Saudi Arabia's state petrochemical company, has emerged as a major player in that industry. Sabic was created in 1976 mainly to add value to Saudi hydrocarbon resources by using associated gas, formerly mostly flared, as feedstock for basic petrochemical products. Its role expanded to include downstream petrochemical products, fertilizer, and metals, essentially creating an industrial base in Saudi Arabia. Since then, Sabic has developed with joint venture partners 15 companies, each representing a world scale industrial plant. The first 12 of those were on stream by yearend 1985. Total industrial output, mainly petrochemicals, has increased to more than 11 million metric tons in 1989 from almost 3 million tons in 1984.

Not Available

1991-01-07

406

The impact of specified professional development programme information as a marketing tool for effective recruitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study adopted a marketing strategy to enhance the recruiting outcome where the talent market is a product market and job applicants are consumers in the market. To examine the effect of the marketing strategy in recruiting talents concerning how job applicants might process recruiting messages, the study investigated the effect of promoting professional development programme using specific information as

Wen-Hao David Huang; Wen-Yeh Huang; Chuan-Chun Chiu

2011-01-01

407

Marketing research and new product development success in Thai food processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketing plays an important role in new product development (NPD) through several mechanisms. One is crossfunctional communication and collaboration so that marketing issues are integrated into the NPD process. Another is the strategic orientation of NPD, which includes marketing strategy issues such as customer orientation and market fit. Third, marketing research plays a specific role, as it provides the information

Prisana Suwannaporn; Mark Speece

2003-01-01

408

Land Cover Change Related to Residential Housing Development in the United States From 1990 to 2000  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Habitat loss from conversion to urban and agricultural uses is a major threat to biodiversity globally. In the U.S., habitat loss was identified by a majority of state fish and game departments as a primary concern and is a leading cause of species endangerment. Residential housing growth, commercial development, and associated road building are major sources of habitat loss in the U.S. From 1990 to 2000, almost 250,000 miles of paved road and over 13.5 million housing units were constructed nationwide. To understand how recent trends in housing development affect land cover, it is crucial to establish how rates of conversion to anthropogenic uses and types of lands affected vary across the U.S. and why. For example, while most of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed in the Eastern U.S. is forested, agricultural lands were preferentially developed from 1990 to 2000. However, in the Piedmont ecoregion, which runs from the Chesapeake Bay southwest to Alabama, forested lands were disproportionately developed from 1992 to 2000. Several studies have assessed land use and land cover dynamics in various regions of the U.S. by combining satellite or aerial imagery with GIS data. However, because of a lack of consistent national land cover maps for more than one time period, assessments were either restricted to a single time period or change maps were independently developed for small areas. Recently, a nationally consistent map of Anderson Level I land cover change from 1992 to 2001 for the contiguous U.S. was made available through the United States Geological Survey National Land Cover Database (NLCD). We use geographically weighted regression (GWR) to compare changes in U.S. Census Bureau derived housing density with changes in NLCD derived land cover from 1990 to 2000 and assess how that relationship varies regionally due to heterogeneity in land cover, existing housing density, and other biophysical and economic variables. To characterize the NLCD map, we compare it with independently derived impervious surface change maps from three areas of the country. Results indicate that the NLCD change product provides conservative estimates of conversion to urban uses, with mapped changes corresponding to impervious surface cover increases of 20 to 40%. Scale variance analyses of housing and urban land use for commonly used analytical units (e.g. watersheds, Bailey divisions, counties) show that fine scale variation dominates, suggesting that the native scale of the data is the appropriate resolution at which to assess urbanization. GWR results show significant heterogeneity in parameter values of independent variables across the study area. As expected, larger increases in housing density are more strongly correlated with conversion to urban use than smaller increases. These results can be combined with census based projections of future housing density to assess possible changes in land cover and conversion to urban uses stemming from residential housing development.

Jantz, P.; Davis, F.

2008-12-01

409

Science, Institutions, and Markets: Developments in the Indian Biotechnology Sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bagchi-Sen S. and Lawton Smith H. Science, institutions, and markets: developments in the Indian biotechnology sector, Regional Studies. To be competitive Indian pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies pursue both imitative and innovation-based strategies. Some undertake contractual clinical research from multinationals now that product patents have replaced process patenting. The barriers for innovation are the lack of funds and regulations. Government funding

Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen; Helen Lawton Smith

2008-01-01

410

Developing strategies for global markets: An evolutionary perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the global landscape becomes populated by an increasingly diverse array of companies of different sizes, from different industries and of varied national origins, developing a strategy to compete effectively in global markets becomes ever more complex. How can companies of all kinds compete effectively in an increasingly diverse global landscape? The authors suggest that the appropriate response depends on

Susan P. Douglas

1996-01-01

411

Market Potentials for Alternative Development Concepts at Leech Lake, Minnesota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this study is to analyze the market potentials for various alternative development concepts for commercial concessions on Corps lands at Federal Dam, Minnesota. This activity is an adjunct to the current master plan update efforts for the M...

R. McKimm

1978-01-01

412

Development strategy in offshore markets: evidence from the Channel Islands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to review the development of the Channel Islands exchange and assess the potential diversification benefits arising from the inclusion of this market in investment portfolios containing UK and French equity assets. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – First this paper uses a simple stochastic drift, GARCH, and time-varying parameter CAPM to model total returns indices. Second, it uses the

Bruce Hearn

2011-01-01

413

Developments in U.S. Alternative Fuel Markets  

EIA Publications

The alternative fueled vehicle (AFV)/alternative fuels industry experienced a number of market-related changes in the second half of the 1990s. This article describes each of the alternative transportation fuels and the AFVs in detail. It provides information on the development to date and looks at trends likely to occur in the future.

Information Center

2001-02-01

414

Retailers' use of niche marketing in product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to investigate the growing trend of the use of private labeling as a competitive strategy among fashion retailers. Specifically, how retailers differentiate and create niche markets within their own private label merchandise is examined. The study focuses on how retailers develop and expand their private label portfolios, while minimizing the risk of

Erin Parrish

2010-01-01

415

Marketing “Gamer Foods”: Qualitative Insights into Responsible Strategy Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to explore the video-gaming experience as a novel consumption occasion for snack foods and to provide insights into responsible marketing strategy development. Consumers' desired food product attributes, their motivating conditions to snack while gaming, and the environment in which this takes place are explored qualitatively through 14 in-depth interviews and 10 separate points of

James Cronin; Mary McCarthy

2012-01-01

416

Youth participation in the Greek labour market: developments and obstacles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last few decades have seen a significant increase in education enrolment rates in Greece. Despite this development, however, finding a job still appears to be a lengthy process. Estimates from a transition model using individual data from the 2000 Ad hoc Labour Force Survey suggest that the transition from school to work is correlated with labour market conditions, with

Daphne Nicolitsas

2007-01-01

417

Development of Groundwater Markets in China: A Glimpse into Progress to Date  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The overall goal of the paper is to better understand the development of groundwater markets in northern China. Field survey shows that groundwater markets in northern China have emerged and are developing rapidly. Developing in a number of ways that make them appear somewhat similar to markets that are found in South Asia, groundwater markets in northern China also

Scott Rozelle; Jinxia Wang; Jikun Huang

2008-01-01

418

The Foreclosure-House Price Nexus: Lessons from the 2007-2008 Housing Turmoil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite housing's importance to the economy and worries about recent financial and economic turmoil traceable to housing market difficulties, little has been written on how distress in the housing market, measured by foreclosures, affects home prices, or how these variables interact with other macroeconomic or housing variables such as employment, housing permits or sales. Employing a panel VAR model to

Charles W. Calomiris; Stanley D. Longhofer; William Miles

2008-01-01

419

Development of deciduous and permanent dentitions in the upper jaw of the house shrew (Suncus murinus).  

PubMed

The diphyodont tooth replacement in mammals is characterized by a single replacement of a deciduous dentition by a permanent dentition. Despite its significance in mammalian biology and paleontology, little is known about the developmental mechanisms regulating the diphyodont replacement. Because the mouse never replaces its teeth, this study used the house shrew, Suncus murinus, as a model to investigate the control of the diphyodont replacement of a deciduous dentition by successions and additions of permanent teeth. Using morphological and gene expression analyses of serial sections, we have demonstrated the development of the upper dentition of the house shrew. In this species, the deciduous tooth germs are formed but soon become vestigial, whereas the successional and accessional (molar) germs are subsequently formed and developed. There are distinct Shh expression domains in the deciduous, successional, and accessional tooth germs, and those of the latter two germs are identified from the appearance of their primary enamel knots. The developmental sequence of tooth germs in the house shrew indicates that two adjacent primary enamel knots of the successional and accessional germs do not develop simultaneously, but with a constant time lag. We suggest that this mode of tooth succession and accession can be explained by a sequential inhibitory cascade model in which the timing of initiation and the spacing of tooth development are determined by the inhibition from the primary enamel knots of developmentally preceding adjacent tooth germs. PMID:20303065

Yamanaka, Atsushi; Yasui, Kinya; Sonomura, Takahiro; Iwai, Haruki; Uemura, Masanori

2010-03-19

420

Housing Return and Construction Cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a general equilibrium model of the residential housing market. Within the model housing returns, housing construction, mortgage loan terms, and household maintenance behavior are all endogenous. These interacting elements tie expected housing returns to expected changes in family wealth. As a result: (1) families are credit constrained; (2) mortgage loan-to-value ratios can be used to forecast future

Matthew Spiegel

2001-01-01

421

41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing And Urban Development And the General... The purpose of the memorandum...with the concepts of good management, to assure for its employees the availability of low- and moderate-income...consider the need for development and...

2009-07-01

422

41 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - 83-Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department Of Housing And Urban Development And the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing And Urban Development And the General... The purpose of the memorandum...with the concepts of good management, to assure for its employees the availability of low- and moderate-income...consider the need for development and...

2010-07-01

423

Deterministic seismic hazard map for Taiwan developed using an in-house Excel-based program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seismic hazard analyses, either in a deterministic (DSHA) or probabilistic (PSHA) framework, are both commonly adopted for evaluating earthquake risk. Although different in methodology, both approaches involving tedious calculation are certainly a computer-aided analysis. For Taiwan, a few PSHA studies have been conducted, but not a single comprehensive DSHA study is yet available for this region. As a result, this study aims to develop a DSHA seismic hazard map for Taiwan through an Excel-based program. In use of the in-house program, the result shows that the deterministic seismic hazards for Taiwan are comparable to those estimated by the recent PSHA; in particular the 50th PGA (mean motion) in this DSHA was found in a good agreement with the PSHA at 10% exceedance probability in 50 years. In addition to developing the DSHA map for Taiwan, this paper provides the details of the in-house, Excel-based tool for Excel applications in geosciences studies.

Wang, Jui-Pin; Huang, Duruo; Yang, Zijiang

2012-11-01

424

Privatization Or Marketization: Educational Development in Post-Mao China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the post-Mao era, the reformers have taken significant steps to privatize social policy and social welfare. Revamping the social security system and commodifying social services have become more prominent since the mid-eighties. Despite the post-Mao leaders' discomfort about the term "privatization", signs of state withdrawal from the provision of social policy and welfare are clear. The author argues that the emergence of private educational institutions indicates that China's educational development has gone through a similar process of privatization or quasi-marketization though the Chinese experience is different from that of Western counterparts. Specifically, this paper tries to examine how the flourishing market economy and the policy of decentralization have affected the development of China's higher education. No longer solely relying on public schools, private and minban (people run) educational institutions are becoming more popular in the new socialist market system. This paper attempts to examine how privatization and quasi- marketization have affected educational development in mainland China. The paper concludes with a discussion of the policy implications of the privatization of education in China.

Mok, Ka Ho

1997-09-01

425

Mixing it up? Evidence from planned housing developments - twenty years on  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper critically examines,the concept that the built environment,can help create mixed communities, a premise which has underpinned new towns from the garden villages of the 1960's through to contemporary,'new urbanism'. It reports on research into three planned mixed tenure housing developments,- twenty years on and focuses on the effect that the built environment,has on the lives of renters

Rionach Casey; Sarah Coward; Chris Allen; Ryan Powell

2005-01-01

426

Quantifying eelgrass habitat loss in relation to housing development and nitrogen loading in Waquoit Bay, Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Change analysis of eelgrass distribution in Waquoit Bay demonstrated a rapid decline of eelgrass habitat between 1987 and\\u000a 1992. Aerial photography and ground-truth assessments of eelgrass distribution in the Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research\\u000a Reserve documented progressive loss in eelgrass acreage and fragmentation of eelgrass beds that we relate to the degree of\\u000a housing development and associated nitrogen loading, largelyvia

Frederick T. Short; David M. Burdick

1996-01-01

427

House price uncertainty, timing of development, and vacant land prices: Evidence for real options in Seattle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent theoretical work suggests that land development exercises a real option. This paper utilizes a rich data set of parcel characteristics and real property transactions for the Seattle area to tests two predictions of real options with respect to land markets: greater price uncertainty should delay the timing of development and raise land prices. I find evidence in support of

Christopher R. Cunningham

2006-01-01

428

Developing Market Opportunities for Flexible Rooftop Applications of PV Using Flexible CIGS Technology: Market Considerations  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a recent upsurge in developments for building-integrated phototovoltaics (BiPV) roof top materials based on CIGS. Several new companies have increased their presence and are looking to bring products to market for this application in 2011. For roof-top application, there are significant key requirements beyond just having good conversion efficiency. Other attributes include lightweight, as well as moisture-proof,

L. Sabnani; A. Skumanich; E. Ryabova; R. Noufi

2011-01-01

429

Rural MarketingIts Definition and Development Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Definition and domain related issues of ‘rural marketing’ need further clarification and revision. Often, rural marketing is equated with marketing by multinationals in rural India. The extant literature on rural marketing has uncritically used the same theories, models, concepts and frameworks as have been used in the mainstream marketing discipline. So far, rural marketing has not produced its own unique

Pratik Modi

2009-01-01

430

76 FR 60967 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...entire state. For an example of how the recent-mover...covered by a long-form survey. The results gathered...HUD Rental Housing Survey Guides For the supporting...digit dialing (RDD) telephone surveys to test the...

2011-09-30

431

78 FR 61667 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...that can alleviate program problems. PHAs may...503 (c), or Success Rate Payment Standards...Housing Choice Voucher program may be able to use Success Rate Payment Standards...to maintain a high success rate; program utilization...

2013-10-03

432

DIY Home Improvements in a Post-Soviet Housing Market: A Socio-Spatial Analysis of Vilnius, Lithuania  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of the Large Analysis and Review of European housing and health Status (LARES), the WHO collected data in eight European cities during 2001 and 2002. Using this data, the paper analyses home-related ‘do-it-yourself (DIY)’ activities in Vilnius, Lithuania where housing was privatized following the collapse of Communism. The paper investigates whether DIY activities were prevalent near the ‘Old

Terence M. Milstead; Rebecca Miles

2011-01-01

433

Housing Demand of Low-Income Households.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This first in a series of four reports examining the housing market behavior of low - income households evaluates the efficacy of demand - oriented housing programs by providing estimates of the responses of low - income renter households to housing price...

F. J. Cronin

1979-01-01

434

Delivering on the Promise: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Self-Evaluation to Promote Community Living for People with Disabilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD or the Department) is the Federal agency responsible for national policy and programs that address America's housing needs; that improve and develop the Nation's communities; and enforce fair housi...

2002-01-01

435

The project to design and develop an energy-related program for public housing residents: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This demonstration project studied how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilities indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

Not Available

1986-12-01

436

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45...Order Regulating Handling Research and Development § 932.45 Production research and marketing research and development projects. (a)...

2010-01-01

437

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45...Order Regulating Handling Research and Development § 932.45 Production research and marketing research and development projects. (a)...

2009-01-01

438

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Order Regulating Handling Research and Development § 915.45 Production research, marketing research and development. The committee...

2013-01-01

439

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...Development § 925.45 Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...

2009-01-01

440

7 CFR 925.45 - Production research and market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research and market research and development. 925.45 Section 925.45...Development § 925.45 Production research and market research and development. The committee, with...

2010-01-01

441

Influence of housing variables on the development of stress-sensitive behaviors in the rat.  

PubMed

Diverse environments early in mammalian life can have profound influences on the physiology and behavior of developing offspring. Environmental factors can influence offspring development directly or through perturbations in parental care. In the current study, we wished to determine if the influence of a single environmental variable, type of bedding material used in laboratory cages, is capable of altering physiological and behavioral outcomes in offspring. Female rats were housed in cages containing wood pulp or corncob bedding and allowed to mature. These rats, while housed on assigned bedding material, were bred and allowed to give birth. At weaning, male offspring were housed on one of the two bedding conditions and tested later in adulthood on stress-sensitive behavioral measures. Postmortem analysis of glucocorticoid receptor expression and CRH mRNA levels were also measured. Maternal care directed at the pups reared in the two different bedding conditions was also recorded. Rats reared from birth on corncob bedding exhibited decreased anxiety-like behavior, as adults, in both open field and light-dark box tasks compared to wood pulp reared animals. Animals that received similar overall levels of maternal care, regardless of bedding condition, also differed in anxiety-like behaviors as adults, indicating that the bedding condition is capable of altering phenotype independent of maternal care. Despite observed behavioral differences in adult offspring reared in different bedding conditions, no changes in glucocorticoid receptor expression at the level of the hippocampus, frontal cortex, or corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) mRNA expression in the hypothalamus were observed between groups. These results highlight the importance of early life housing variables in programming stress-sensitive behaviors in adult offspring. PMID:23948671

Sakhai, Samuel A; Preslik, John; Francis, Darlene D

2013-08-12

442

The household life cycle and housing choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Housing Assistance Supply Experiment is designed to test the effects on local housing markets of a full-scale program of housing allowances for low-income households, A test is important because, unlike most housing assistance programs, this one is administered largely by its beneficiaries, operating through normal market channels. Within limits, a program participant is free to choose the type and

Kevin F. McCarthy

1976-01-01

443

Economy in energy through alternative sources of energy in mass-housing of developing countries  

SciTech Connect

Energy is an integral part of the development process and a major determinant for the improvement of the quality of life in human settlements. Skyrocketing oil price increases in recent years has made development increasingly difficult for at least two-thirds of the developing countries. An increasing number of developing countries are searching for new sources of energy and more efficient use of what is available. So, there is a need for well thought-out comprehensive energy saving program. There is a need for radical thinking in devising new and innovative energy policies, which should be dynamic, technologically flexible, and responsive to the needs and aspirations of people. There is large percentage of energy used in buildings which can be economised in the planning of new settlements. The paper discusses and recommends the adoption of some of the straight-forward technology through which there is a full scope for minimizing the usage of energy in housing. Moving ahead, the paper also makes suggestions to developing countries how to develop and adopt alternative sources of energy in housing; especially solar energy, for cooling and heating purposes, because in solar energy most of the developing countries are very rich. Further, the paper strongly recommends that Universities, Colleges, and Schools should teach the latest concepts of energy conservation and use of alternative energy sources. However, the largest savings in energy consumption would arise from a real desire and economy consciousness on the part of the individual in the community to limit energy usage.

Sinha, I.B.

1980-12-01

444

Post-crisis developments in international financial markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate what affected the post-crisis developments in international financial markets with special reference to current innovations in the financial industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper revisits banks failures in recession years occurred in presence of a huge unprecedented guarantee programmes worth 16.4 per cent of gross domestic product in a median advanced

Alexander Suetin

2011-01-01

445

Developing hydropower in Washington state: an electricity marketing manual  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this electricity marketing manual is to give the potential small and micro-hydroelectric project developer within the state of Washington an insight into the benefits available under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA, P.L. 95-619). PURPA requires electric utilities to interconnect with and pay a rate based on their full avoided costs for the purchase

J. W. James; G. A. McCoy

1982-01-01

446

The Stock Market Valuation of Research and Development Expenditures  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine whether stock prices fully value firms' intangible assets, specifically research and development (R&D). Under current U.S. accounting standards, financial statements do not report intangible assets and R&D spending is expensed. Nonetheless, the average historical stock returns of firms doing R&D matches the returns of firms without R&D. However, the market is apparently too pessimistic about beaten-down R&D-intensive technology

Louis K. C. Chan; Josef Lakonishok; Theodore Sougiannis

2001-01-01

447

The COARSE procedure for scale development in marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Construct definition, Object classification, Attribute classification, Rater identification, Scale formation, and Enumeration and reporting (C-OAR-SE) is proposed as a new procedure for the development of scales to measure marketing constructs. C-OAR-SE is based on content validity, established by expert agreement after pre-interviews with target raters. In C-OAR-SE, constructs are defined in terms of Object, Attribute, and Rater Entity. The Object

John R. Rossiter

2002-01-01

448

A Subdivision of the Real Estate Markets: What Does the Commercial Real Estate Sector Have that the Housing Market Doesn't?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States real estate bubble that burst in 2007 has taken the title of the ‘greatest asset bubble’ in the world. ‘Greatest’ however takes on the many meaning of the word in describing this bubble. In the years that the bubble was growing, house prices were continually on the rise and the word ‘great’ couldn’t have better described the

Roxanne L Tehranian

2012-01-01

449

Housing Development Canals in the Coastal Zone of the Gulf of Mexico: Ecological Consequences, Regulations, and Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three types of housing development canals (bayfill, inland, and intertidal) are described, and their effects on estuarine flora, water and sediment quality, and species composition and abundance of fauna are discussed. Varying only in degree, all three ty...

W. N. Lindall L. Trent

1975-01-01

450

Development of Economic House Types Based Upon Passive Solar Energy Utilization and Energy Conservation for High Density Urban Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project develops house types and their corresponding nesting patterns for high density, low-rise urban neighborhoods having the following characteristics: utilizing the sun for warming in winter, self-cooling in summer, energy conserving, low building...

1980-01-01

451

Is There a FreeMarket Economist in the House? The Policy Views of American Economic Association Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bstract.? People often suppose or imply that free-market economists constitute a significant portion of all economists. We surveyed American Economic Association members and asked their views on 18 specific forms of government activism. We find that about 8 percent of AEA members can be considered supporters of free-market principles, and that less than 3 percent may be called strong

D aniel B. K lein; C harlotta S tern

2007-01-01

452

Is There a FreeMarket Economist in the House? The Policy Views of American Economic Association Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

People often suppose or imply that free-market econo- mists constitute a significant portion of all economists. We surveyed American Economic Association members and asked their views on 18 specific forms of government activism. We find that about 8 percent of AEA members can be considered supporters of free-market principles, and that less than 3 percent may be called strong supporters.

Daniel B. Klein; Charlotta Stern

2007-01-01

453

Bayes estimates of distance-to-market: transactions costs, cooperatives and milk-market development in the Ethiopian highlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rationalizing non-participation as a resource deficiency in the household, this paper identifies strategies for milk-market development in the Ethiopian highlands. The additional amounts of covariates required for positive marketable surplus-'distances-to market'-are computed from a model in which production and sales are correlated; sales are left-censored at some unobserved threshold; production efficiencies are heterogeneous; and the data are in the form

Garth Holloway; Simeon Ehui; Amare Teklu

2008-01-01

454

The Effect of Internet Security Breach Announcements on Market Value: Capital Market Reactions for Breached Firms and Internet Security Developers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessing the value of information technology (IT) security is challenging because of the difficulty of measuring the cost of security breaches. An event-study analysis, using market valuations, was used to assess the impact of security breaches on the market value of breached firms. The information-transfer effect of security breaches (i.e., their effect on the market value of firms that develop

Huseyin Cavusoglu; Birendra Mishra; Srinivasan Raghunathan

455

Evolution of the air thermosiphon: toward production housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A second generation airsiphon underfloor system has been designed and 2 examples built for the speculative market, which achieve similar performance at much lower cost than a previous design. Examined are the development of the second generation underfloor system, its construction, control and dampering considerations, and dollar costs, leading to an exploration of its adaptability to the production housing market.

W. C. Jr. McIntosh; M. M. Jones; J. C. Cohlmeyer

1981-01-01

456

World Development Report 2002: Building Institutions for Markets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A carefully weighted, well-conceived document, the World BankÂs World Development Report 2002 (last mentioned in the October 5, 2000 Scout Report) discusses the viable options available to developing nations attempting to open their markets to the world and thereby better the circumstances of their peoples. Honestly recognizing that free market economies are not one-size-fits-all, the report encourages policy builders and analysts to carefully consider the specific circumstances and histories of their countries as they add to infrastructure. A primary focus of the report is on individual institutions and their positive potential in serving in a nationwide system of checks and balances, ones which can greatly extend the interests of the people. Here, the reports insists, policy makers must look to establish institutions and organizations that are right for given populations at a given place and time. Ultimately, therefore, the report calls on those responsible for true nation building to look to the welfare of their own people, especially as they seek to move their nations into an increasingly voracious global market.

Bank., World

2002-01-01

457

Market development directory for solar industrial process heat systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this directory is to provide a basis for market development activities through a location listing of key trade associations, trade periodicals, and key firms for three target groups. Potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers were identified as the prime targets for market development activities. The bulk of the directory is a listing of these two groups. The third group, solar IPH equipment manufacturers, was included to provide an information source for potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers. Trade associates and their publications are listed for selected four-digit Standard Industrial Code (SIC) industries. Since industries requiring relatively lower temperature process heat probably will comprise most of the near-term market for solar IPH systems, the 80 SIC's included in this chapter have process temperature requirements less than 350/sup 0/F. Some key statistics and a location list of the largest plants (according to number of employees) in each state are included for 15 of the 80 SIC's. Architectural/engineering and consulting firms are listed which are known to have solar experience. Professional associated and periodicals to which information on solar IPH sytstems may be directed also are included. Solar equipment manufacturers and their associations are listed. The listing is based on the SERI Solar Energy Information Data Base (SEIDB).

None

1980-02-01

458

Investigating the Relationship between Marketing and Overall Satisfaction with Life in a Developing Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has long been a belief that marketing has a positive effect on quality of life by delivering material well-being. Furthernore, many marketing scholars urge that greater emphasis be placed on marketing in developing countries to improve the quality of life. This conventional wisdom has not been investigated empirically because of inadequate conceptualizations of the relationship between marketing and the

Orose Leelanuithanit; Ralph Day; Rockney Walters

1991-01-01

459

Stock Market Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Critical Issues and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the economic importance of stock markets in Africa. It discusses policy options for promoting the development of the stock market in Africa. The results of the paper show that the stock markets have contributed to the financing of the growth of large corporations in certain African countries. An econometric investigation of the impact of stock markets on

Charles Amo Yartey; Charles Komla Adjasi

2007-01-01

460

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and development. The...

2009-01-01

461

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market research and development. The...

2010-01-01

462

THE STOCK MARKET, HOUSING AND CONSUMER SPENDING: DIRECT WEALTH EFFECTS, COMMON CAUSALITY AND BORROWING CONSTRAINTS. A SURVEY OF THE EVIDENCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the literature on the relations hip between stock and house prices and consumer spending. Three main hypotheses have been proposed to explain this relationship. First, a rise in asset p rices may increase desired consumption via a direct wealth effect. Second, ass et prices and consumption may co-vary due to the influence of common factors. Thi rd,

Monica Paiella

463

From Infantile Citizens to Infantile Institutions: The Metaphoric Transformation of Political Economy in the 2008 Housing Market Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The logic of political economy depends on a domestic metaphor, using the "oikos" or household as a model for the "polis." Historically, this metaphor has imagined citizens as the children of a paternal state. However during the 2008 housing crisis, this metaphor was turned upside down, depicting citizens as the parents of infantile state…

Foley, Megan

2012-01-01

464

From Infantile Citizens to Infantile Institutions: The Metaphoric Transformation of Political Economy in the 2008 Housing Market Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The logic of political economy depends on a domestic metaphor, using the "oikos" or household as a model for the "polis." Historically, this metaphor has imagined citizens as the children of a paternal state. However during the 2008 housing crisis, this metaphor was turned upside down, depicting citizens as the parents of infantile state…

Foley, Megan

2012-01-01

465

Maintenance of solar systems--Housing and urban development demonstration program  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) residential solar heating and cooling demonstration program provided funding support for over 600 solar projects. These projects provide the largest single data base of solar heating and cooling experience now available. These data suggest that maintenance and system operation have been mixed even though system configurations are similar throughout the program. HUD has been involved in the upgrading of one-third of the 600 solar projects and now can report that projects can be maintained with a more uniform level of effort.

Freeborne, W.E.

1983-06-01

466

Structural change in Europe's gas markets: three scenarios for the development of the European gas market to 2020  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against the background of the European Union's gas Directive, and the emergence of new players and markets in Europe's gas sector, this paper explores how company actions could shape the future for the gas industry. Starting with an examination of company strategies this paper develops three scenarios for the future: a “Gradual Transformation” scenario where a single European gas market

Andrew Ellis; Einar Bowitz; Kjell Roland

2000-01-01

467

Public Housing - Appreciating Assets?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topic of HDB housing is one that is close to the hearts and minds of the majority of Singaporeans. The first part of the presentation will provide a brief overview of price trends in Singapore’s housing sector.\\u000aThe second part delves into the market and policy factors behind the rapid increase in HDB housing prices since 2006. The monograph

Sock Yong PHANG

2012-01-01

468

Economic and Institutional Assumptions Underlying the Fair Housing Act: Evidence from the Housing Practices Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper discusses research evidence from the Housing Market Practices Survey on the relationship between racial discrimination and racial differences in rental housing consumption and its relevance to Federal policy. An overview of the Fair Housing Act...

J. C. Simonson R. E. Wienk

1984-01-01

469

Temperature and the energetics of development in the house cricket (Acheta domesticus).  

PubMed

The influence of rearing temperature on the energetics of development was investigated in house crickets (Acheta domesticus). Crickets raised at 25 degrees C grew slower (0.51 mg d(-1), dry mass basis) and took longer to develop (119 d) but obtained a greater adult body mass (61 mg, dry mass) than crickets reared at 28 degrees C (0.99 mg d(-1), 49 d, 48 mg). Total metabolic energy consumed during development at 25 degrees C (1351 J) was twice that at 28 degrees C (580 J) primarily because of the longer development period, and as a consequence the specific net cost of growth was much greater for crickets reared at 25 degrees C (22.1 kJ g(-1)) than 28 degrees C (11.9 kJ g(-1)). PMID:17481649

Booth, David T; Kiddell, Kirsty

2007-03-30

470

European market developments in prebiotic- and probiotic-containing foodstuffs.  

PubMed

A growing number of food manufacturers in western Europe are beginning to explore the commercial opportunities for foodstuffs containing health-promoting microbial food supplements (probiotics) and health-promoting non-digestible food ingredients (prebiotics). A prebiotic is considered to affect the host beneficially by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of one or a limited number of naturally present or introduced bacterial species in the colon, also leading to a claimed improvement in host health. Increasingly, probiotics and prebiotics are used in combination, this being termed a synbiotic (Gibson & Roberfroid, 1995). Throughout European history, fermented milk products in particular have been considered beneficial to health, but only in recent years has there been scientific support for these beliefs. Issues considered important to the continuing development of this growing market are proof of safety, proof of efficacy, consumer education, market positioning, price and appropriate health claims strategies. Until recently, much of the innovation in the use of probiotics and prebiotics has been in the dairy cabinet, with an ever-growing number and range of 'health-promoting' yoghurts and yoghurt-type fermented milk being made available to the European consumer, a market which is currently estimated to be worth in excess of $US2 billion per annum (Hilliam et al. 1997). However, prebiotics are beginning to find increasing application outside the dairy sector, particularly in baked goods. A key driver behind the broadening application of prebiotics has been the pro-active stance taken by key prebiotic suppliers such as Beghin-Say, Orafti and Cosucra. To date, market activity in probiotic- and prebiotic-containing foods has centred around three health propositions, namely improving general gut health, lowering blood cholesterol and improving the body's natural defences. PMID:9924290

Young, J

1998-10-01

471

Intentionally developed business network for mobile marketing: a case study from Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to investigate an intentionally developed business network (IDBN) for mobile marketing (m-marketing). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The IDBN for m-marketing is studied in the light of a literature review of m-marketing and IDBNs. In addition to this, a case study has been conducted. Findings – It was found that in m-marketing there are several

Jari Salo; Jaakko Sinisalo; Heikki Karjaluoto

2008-01-01

472

Marketing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet suggests ways in which institutions--Catholic schools in particular--can move beyond public relations and advertising to engage in the broader arena of marketing with its focus on consumer satisfaction. The first of the book's three chapters reviews the concept of marketing, providing definitions of key terms, clarification of…

Appel, David L.

473

China Development Forum 2002 Minister's Speech: Developing China's Capital Market and Speeding Up Banking Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this ministerial speech to the China Development Forum in Beijing, March 2002, I emphasise the importance of the People's Bank of China in implementing sound monetary policy and strengthening financial support for economic development. For these purposes China's capital market needs to be further developed to increase the share of direct financing, and state-owned commercial banks need to be

Dai Xianglong

2003-01-01

474

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss.  

PubMed

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

Syphard, Alexandra D; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E

2013-08-14

475

Land Use Planning and Wildfire: Development Policies Influence Future Probability of Housing Loss  

PubMed Central

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction.

Syphard, Alexandra D.; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E.

2013-01-01

476

Market Orientation and New Product Development in Global Industrial Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to evaluate the impact that market orientation has on new product success in a cross-national context. In a six-country study, two aspects of market orientation—market intelligence and customer orientation—were examined relative to traditional determinants of new product success. Antecedents of market orientation are also investigated. The results generally support the importance of market orientation

Brent M. Wren; Wm. E. Souder; David Berkowitz

2000-01-01

477

Pricing Mortgage Insurance with Asymmetric Jump Risk and Default Risk: Evidence in the U.S. Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study provides the valuation of mortgage insurance (MI) considering upward and downward jumps in housing prices, which\\u000a display separate distributions and probabilities of occurrence, and the mortgage insurer’s default risk. The empirical results\\u000a indicate that the asymmetric double exponential jump diffusion performs better than the log-normally distributed jump diffusion\\u000a and the Black-Scholes model, generally used in previous literature, to

Chia-Chien Chang; Wei-Yi Huang; So-De Shyu

478

Sustainability indices in emerging markets: impact on responsible practices and financial market development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainability indices are generally created to serve as benchmark for sustainable investment. In all markets, but particularly in emerging markets, these indices can also contribute to stimulate responsible practices in companies that want to be part of the index and those that are already members. Furthermore, they can contribute to the deepening of the capital markets, not only by serving

Antonio Vives; Baljit Wadhwa

2012-01-01

479

Did housing policies cause the postwar boom in homeownership?  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the collapse of housing markets during the Great Depression, the U.S. government played a large role in shaping the future of housing finance and policy. Soon thereafter, housing markets witnessed the largest boom in recent history. The objective in this paper is to quantify the contribution of government interventions in housing markets in the expansion of U.S. homeownership using

Carlos Garriga; Matthew Chambers; Don Schlagenhauf

2012-01-01

480

A marketing communications framework for small political parties in developed countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This research aims to undertake a business theory application into the political marketing context, examine the degree and nature of its theoretical and practical compatibility, and develop a preliminary conceptual marketing communications (MCs) framework for small political parties (SPPs) in developed countries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is conceptual and incorporates and interrelates the findings of existing business marketing

Alkis Thrassou; Demetris Vrontis; Malcolm H. B. McDonald

2009-01-01

481

From Scorned to Loved? The Political Economy of the Development of the Stock Market in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains how and why the stock market, which is regarded as the embodiment of capitalism, has been allowed to develop and gain a prominent place among China's financial markets. That development has been consistent with the changing vested interests of the central government in its attempts to collect quasi-fiscal revenue from the financial sector, reflecting the stock market's

Sonia Wong Man Lai; Yong Yang

2009-01-01

482

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO LATIN AMERICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This annotated bibliography on agricultural marketing and economic development has been compiled with two objectives in mind. First, to contribute to the understanding of the role that agricultural marketing can play in the process of developing countries. As the reader will see many authors agree that marketing is \\

Mario Carvajalino-Arevalo

1966-01-01

483

Developing an inventor support service which performs early stage market and manufacturing evaluations. Final report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

American businesses are learning the difficult high cost lesson of ignoring production and market factors (producibility, unit product cost (UPC), marketability, etc) during the engineering design phase of product development. Studies have shown that the ...

1991-01-01

484

Development of a Compact Maglev Centrifugal Blood Pump Enclosed in a Titanium Housing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A compact centrifugal blood pump consisting of a controlled two-degrees-of-freedom radial magnetic bearing and a brushless DC motor enclosed in a titanium housing has been developed for use as an implantable ventricular assist device. The magnetic bearing also supports axial and angular motions of the impeller via a magnetic coupling. The top housing is made of pure titanium, while the impeller and the stator are coated with pure titanium and Ti-6Al-7Nb, respectively, to improve the biocompatibility of the pump. The combination of pure titanium and titanium alloy was chosen because of the sensitivity of eddy current type displacement sensors through the intervening conducting wall. The dimensions of the pump are 69.0 mm in diameter and 28.5 mm in height. During a pump performance test, axial shifting of the impeller due to hydraulic forces led to variations in the rotational positioning signal, causing loss of control of the rotational speed. This problem was solved by conditioning the rotational positioning signal. With a flow rate of 5 l/min against a head pressure of 100 mmHg, the power consumption and efficiency of the pump were 5.5 W and 20%, respectively. Furthermore, the hemolysis of the blood pump was 43.6% lower when compared to that of a commercially available pump.

Pai, Chi Nan; Shinshi, Tadahiko; Asama, Junichi; Takatani, Setsuo; Shimokohbe, Akira

485

National Housing Production Report, 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report succeeds the Annual Reports of the President on the National Housing Goal which were sent to the Congress from 1969 through 1978. It describes the state of the housing inventory in 1977, the characteristics of housing production and marketing i...

1980-01-01

486

How to Develop a Marketing Strategy for Your Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses basic principles of marketing (referred to as the six p's: product, pricing, point of sale, people, promotion, and positioning) and shows how they can be applied to the marketing of day care centers. (SKC)|

Thorne, George F.

1988-01-01

487

How to Develop a Marketing Strategy for Your Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses basic principles of marketing (referred to as the six p's: product, pricing, point of sale, people, promotion, and positioning) and shows how they can be applied to the marketing of day care centers. (SKC)

Thorne, George F.

1988-01-01

488

Study to Identify the Existence of Any Housing Credit Market Differentials Between Rural and Other Areas and to Identify Causes of Such Differentials. Volume 3. Mobile, Alabama Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study had two objectives: (1) to determine whether a real differential does exist in the housing and mortgage market between rural and urban areas of Mobile, Ala., and (2) if such a problem does exist, to identify the causes of the differential. The ...

S. P. Scott

1978-01-01

489

Study to Identify the Existence of any Housing Credit Market Differentials Between Rural and Other Areas and to Identify Causes of Such Differentials. Volume 2. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study had two objectives: (1) to determine whether a real differential does exist in the housing and mortgage market between rural and urban areas of Harrisburg, Pa., and (2) if such a problem does exist, to identify the causes of the differential. T...

C. S. Foster

1978-01-01

490

Qualitative Research Applications in Developing College Marketing Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contains a discussion of the applicability of focus groups to college marketing planning. The author describes the important considerations in focus group research and provides step-by-step guidelines for college marketers to follow in conducting focus groups. The advantages of the technique are illustrated in a real case in which focus groups shed important light on a college marketing

David J. Urban

1990-01-01

491

Strategic Marketing Planning: Creative Strategies for Developing Unique Income Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After discussing current community college financial problems, this paper examines the acquisition of alternative funding through the application of marketing strategies and strategic planning. The paper first differentiates marketing from sales or promotion and then describes the ability of a marketing program to attract new consumers and to…

Scigliano, John A.

492

Developing Pedagogical Competence: Issues and Implications for Marketing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competence in pedagogy and research is the sine qua non of marketing educators' careers. However, there is evidence in the literature that marketing academics focus "more on" and "are more competent" in research than teaching. This imbalance, in a majority of instances, can be traced back to doctoral education. Doctoral programs in marketing are…

Madhavaram, Sreedhar; Laverie, Debra A.

2010-01-01

493

The New Affordable and Social Housing Provision System in China: Implications for Comparative Housing Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dramatic changes in urban housing provision in China after 1980 have been widely described and assessed. This paper updates earlier accounts of policy change in China and reflects upon the significance of these changes for theoretical and conceptual frameworks used in comparative housing studies. Housing privatisation and commercialisation transformed the Chinese socialist housing system into a dynamic housing market

Ya Ping Wang; Alan Murie

2011-01-01

494

Student-Initiated Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a report that describes housing where student groups lease, purchase, or even develop their own living quarters. Considers the birth of the movement, federal student housing programs, and a view to future programs. (Author/DN)

Feild, Robert M.

1973-01-01

495

Project to design and develop an energy-related program: For public housing residents and renters: Volume 1, Final report  

SciTech Connect

This demonstration project was undertaken as a result of an unsolicited proposal submitted by THE ASSIGNMENT GROUP (TAG) to the Office of Minority Economic Impact, Department of Energy (DOE). The problem to which the proposal responded was how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The size and gravity of the problem necessitated a purpose or aim that had nationwide application, yet lent itself to a microscopic look. Consequently, the goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilitates indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

Not Available

1988-05-01

496

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most

J. Dean; O. VanGeet; S. Simkus; M. Eastment

2012-01-01

497

US Bureau of Mines. Conservation and development in-house and contract research in fiscal year 1984  

SciTech Connect

This article summarizes the in-house and contract research projects programmed for fiscal year 1984 by the Bureau of Mines under its Conservation and Development activity. The document provides a mechanism for interested parties to gain insight into projects of the Bureau's conservation and Development research program

Not Available

1984-01-01

498

School Principals as Marketing Managers: The Expanding Role of Marketing for School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relative importance that school principals attach to aspects of their role as marketing managers for their schools and their relative satisfaction with their efforts to date. The study included 60 principals from two school districts. Findings suggest that principals are aware of the importance of marketing in today's…

Anast-May, Linda; Mitchell, Mark; Buckner, Barbara Chesler; Elsberry, Cindy

2012-01-01

499

Mexico: Market Development Reports. Market Snapshot: Oilseeds, 2008. GAIN Report No. MX8315.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mexico is the second largest market for U.S. soybeans and the largest market for soybean meal. The main oilseeds imported into the country are soybean and canola (rapeseed). Mexico produces a small quantity of soybeans - less than 100,000 metric tons (MT)...

L. Guzman

2008-01-01

500

Developing the Japanese Market for Philippine Tourism and Retirement Services: Prospects and Impediments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to assess the prospects and impediments to developing the Philippine’s tourism and retirement services for the Japanese market. The impediments identified are in the areas of air access, peace and order situation, marketing and promotions and market information as well as human resource training. Given that the Japanese population is aging rapidly and the cost of medical

Maria Cherry Lyn S. Rodolfo; Winston Conrad B. Padojinog

2004-01-01