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1

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES THE HOUSING MARKET IMPACTS OF SHALE GAS DEVELOPMENT Lucija Muehlenbachs © notice, is given to the source. #12;The Housing Market Impacts of Shale Gas Development Lucija to control for confounding factors, we recover hedonic estimates of property value impacts from shale gas

Habib, Ayman

2

75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

2010-01-26

3

Sustainable construction in Mexican housing markets  

E-print Network

This thesis examines recent developments in Mexico's housing markets as an example of how sustainable construction is being adapted and applied in developing countries. The recognition that the construction, operation, and ...

Jung, Bomee

2007-01-01

4

Bubbles in Metropolitan Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A commonsense and empirically supported approach to explaining metropolitan real house price changes is for the theory to describe an equilibrium price level to which the market is constantly adjusting. The determinants of real house price appreciation, then, can be divided into two groups, one that explains changes in the equilibrium price and the other that accounts for the adjustment

Jesse M. Abraham; Patric H. Hendershott

1994-01-01

5

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. 888.113 Section 888.113 Housing and Urban Development... § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents....

2010-04-01

6

Housing - Market Commodity of the Welfare State  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main thesis of the paper is that housing policies are best perceived as state correctives to the housing market. The 'dominant policy theory' is that market contracts serve as the main mechanism for distributing housing, while state intervention has the form of correctives, defining the economic and institutional setting of those market contracts. In the paper, the dominance of

Bo Bengtsson

7

Real Estate Brokers and the Market for Residential Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the role of the real estate broker in the housing market. A model of the demand for broker services by both sellers and buyers is developed and conditional logit estimates are presented. Evidence relating to the effects of the brokerage industry on housing market transactions also is presented. Brokers do not seem to affect the prices of

G. Donald Jud

1983-01-01

8

Essays on Neighborhood Transition and Housing Markets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation presents new evidence on neighborhood transition and its impact on housing markets using a novel micro-level dataset on housing transactions. It focuses on three issues: the neighborhood effect, housing discrimination, and stable integration. The first essay examines the relationship between increased minority composition and…

Casey, Marcus D.

2009-01-01

9

Housing vacancies, thin markets, and idiosyncratic tastes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a model with rental housing vacancies in equilibrium. Because of the indivisibility and multi-dimensional\\u000a heterogeneity of housing units, the housing market is thin. As a result, a typical household entering the market is willing\\u000a to pay a premium for its most-preferred over its second most-preferred available (vacant) unit. This confers monopoly power\\u000a on landlords, which they exploit

Richard Arnott

1989-01-01

10

24 CFR 91.410 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Housing market analysis. 91.410 Section 91...91.410 Housing market analysis. Housing market analysis must be described in the...describe these conditions for individual communities that are...

2010-04-01

11

Studies of the Prefabricated Housing Construction Market in Poland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The directions of development of the construction market are not only related to the need to own one's own home but also to increasing functional and economic requirements and conditions of sustainable development. The perception and understanding of prefabrication in housing construction are undoubtedly starting to change. Sustainable construction criteria may constitute a significant turning point and support for the development of new prefabricated housing construction technologies. Entrepreneurs are slowly perceiving an opportunity for the development of prefabrication in the construction market. The implementation and popularisation of ready-made homes will undoubtedly constitute a favourable change in the Polish construction market; however, this will require a modification of habits. This article presents an historical analysis of the development of the prefabricated housing construction market as well as an attempt to answer questions concerning the future of prefabrication in housing construction in Poland based on the conducted studies.

Radziszewska-Zielina, El?bieta; Gle?, Monika

2014-11-01

12

Exploring sales advertising in the housing market in Jordan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – In the housing sector in Jordan, sales advertisings are rarely used, though they, potentially, increase profits and sales and expand development geographically. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the use of sales advertising in the emerging housing market in the city of Irbid, Jordan. The aim is to reveal the effect of the use of advertising

Majd Al-Homoud; Salem Al-Oun; Ayat Smadi; Al-Mutasem Al-Hindawi

2009-01-01

13

Tax policy, housing markets, and elderly homeowners  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three essays studying the impact of tax policy on housing markets and elderly homeowners. Chapter One examines the potential lock-in effect of capital gains taxation on home sales, using the ...

Shan, Hui, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

14

Panel data analyses of urban economics and housing markets  

E-print Network

The thesis looks three pertinent issues in Housing Market and Urban Economics literature with panel data- home sales and house price relationship, efficiency of housing market and commercial property taxation. For the first ...

Lee, Nai Jia

2009-01-01

15

7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.353 Affirmative fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must...

2010-01-01

16

7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.353 Affirmative fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must...

2011-01-01

17

7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.353 Affirmative fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must...

2012-01-01

18

7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.353 Affirmative fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must...

2014-01-01

19

7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.353 Affirmative fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must...

2013-01-01

20

The core of a housing market with externalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is known that the core of a housing market always exists and contains a unique matching when agents have independent preferences. We show that when preferences of agents are interdependent, there are housing markets with an empty core as well as housing markets with a core containing more than one matching.

Ismail Saglam; Ayse Mumcu

2007-01-01

21

Internet use and the duration of buying and selling in the residential housing market, economic incentives and voting  

E-print Network

In this study we examine the impact of internet use on the duration of non-sequential search in the housing market. We develop a model of partial equilibrium in the housing market which suggests an ambiguous effect on the ...

D'Urso, Victoria Tanusheva, 1975-

2002-01-01

22

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash  

E-print Network

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash 19 Columbia, Canada. Currently about 80% of pellet production from North America is exported to Europe. Recent

23

A multi-agent model of urban processes: Modelling relocation processes and price setting in housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces an agent-based micro-simulation model of housing market processes. The model describes aggregate housing market developments, such as price and turnover, as the outcome of households’ decisions to search for a new dwelling, accept an offered dwelling or sell their dwelling. An important feature of the model is that households’ decisions are based on perceptions of housing market

Dick Ettema

2011-01-01

24

77 FR 69651 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program for Small Area Fair Market Rent...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5668-N-01] Final Fair Market...data from ZIP code data because ZCTAs are a standard Census geography. Furthermore, The Census Bureau will not continue to...

2012-11-20

25

Chinese housing mixology : considerations for the successful development of mixed-income housing  

E-print Network

In recent years, the Chinese government transformed their national system of housing provision and introduced market mechanisms. The consequent boom in residential real estate development and the emergence of speculative ...

Chan, Janelle (Janelle Jie-Ying)

2007-01-01

26

Marketing Human Resource Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes three human resource development activities: training, education, and development. Explains marketing from the practitioners's viewpoint in terms of customer orientation; external and internal marketing; and market analysis, research, strategy, and mix. Shows how to design, develop, and implement strategic marketing plans and identify…

Frank, Eric, Ed.

1994-01-01

27

Urban Housing Markets Modelling: Short-Run Equilibrium Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper tests for the existence of short-run equilibrium in the urban housing market in Metropolitan Toronto. The alternative hypothesis is the housing market segmented with respect to locational and structural attributes. We found insignificant differences in attribute prices across hypothesized submarkets. This implies that an unstratified hedonic price regressions model, based on the assumption of short-run equilibrium, is equally

Vladimir Bajic

1983-01-01

28

A solution concept for housing market problems with externalities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the core of a housing market with externalities may be empty, we propose as a solution concept the set of allocations that satisfy two basic properties: Pareto efficiency and the No-regret condition. Our main result shows that for any instance of the housing market problem, there always exists at least one allocation that satisfies both properties.

Alfredo Salgado-Torres

2011-01-01

29

Does hazardous water matter? : evidence from the housing market and the Superfund program  

E-print Network

This paper uses the housing market to develop estimates of the local welfare impacts of Superfund sponsored clean-ups of hazardous waste sites. We show that if consumers value the clean-ups, then the hedonic model predicts ...

Greenstone, Michael

2006-01-01

30

Developing a Marketing Plan  

E-print Network

Developing a good marketing plan will help you identify and quantify costs, set price goals, determine potential price outlook, examine production and price risk, and develop a strategy for marketing your crop. This publication describes...

Bevers, Stan; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; McCorkle, Dean

2009-03-02

31

75 FR 11553 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Pages 11553-11554] [FR Doc No: 2010-5168...AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5328-N-03] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice...HUD. ACTION: Notice of Final Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for...

2010-03-11

32

75 FR 12252 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Notices] [Page 12252] [FR Doc No: 2010-5593...AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5328-N-04] Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice...HUD. ACTION: Notice of Final Fair Market Rents (FMRs) for...

2010-03-15

33

The Duration of Marketing Time of Residential Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marketing of unique durable goods such as housing presents a good example for the application of search theory. An optimal stopping rule strategy is employed to model sellers' behavior. The primary hypothesis is that the greater the atypicality of a house, the greater the expected variance of offers. Because a maximizing seller will wish to entertain more offers the

Donald Haurin

1988-01-01

34

Forecasting Prices and Excess Returns in the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U. S. market for homes appears not to be efficient. A number of information variables predict housing price changes and excess returns of housing relative to debt over the succeeding year. Price changes observed over one year tend to continue for one more year in the same direction. Construction cost divided by price, the change in per capita real

Karl E. Case; Robert J. Shiller

1990-01-01

35

Vacancy, Search, and Prices in a Housing Market Matching Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of the single-family housing market is proposed in which households that move are both buyers and sellers. Households move when a stochastic process leaves them dissatisifed with their current unit. Household buyers expend costly search effort to find a better house, while sellers hold two units until a buyer is found. The vacancy rate, fixed in the short

William C. Wheaton

1990-01-01

36

Booms and Busts in the UK Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The often volatile behaviour of UK house prices between 1957 and 1994 is analysed in an annual econometric model. Theory suggests that financial liberalization of mortgage markets in the 1980s should have led to notable shifts in house price behaviour. The evidence supports the predictions of theory, suggesting shifts took place in wealth effects, as in the consumption function, and

John Muellbauer; Anthony Murphy

1997-01-01

37

78 FR 19727 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comment Request Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...Opportunity, HUD. ACTION: Notice of information...CFR 200.600 and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...applicant's proposed actions to carry out the Affirmative Fair Housing...

2013-04-02

38

78 FR 38070 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice...and HUD-935.2C Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...applicant's proposed actions to carry out the Affirmative Fair Housing...

2013-06-25

39

Crippled Housing Market Complicates Recruiting Efforts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a house languishing in the real-estate doldrums of southwestern Ohio, Edward F. Leonard III and his family have lived apart since he took over as president of Bethany College, in Kansas, nearly a year ago. Their situation is like that of many faculty members and administrators frustrated by housing prices across the country. Existing-home…

Moser, Kate

2008-01-01

40

Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975-2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles.

Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H. Eugene

2014-01-01

41

Systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market  

PubMed Central

Housing markets play a crucial role in economies and the collapse of a real-estate bubble usually destabilizes the financial system and causes economic recessions. We investigate the systemic risk and spatiotemporal dynamics of the US housing market (1975–2011) at the state level based on the Random Matrix Theory (RMT). We identify richer economic information in the largest eigenvalues deviating from RMT predictions for the housing market than for stock markets and find that the component signs of the eigenvectors contain either geographical information or the extent of differences in house price growth rates or both. By looking at the evolution of different quantities such as eigenvalues and eigenvectors, we find that the US housing market experienced six different regimes, which is consistent with the evolution of state clusters identified by the box clustering algorithm and the consensus clustering algorithm on the partial correlation matrices. We find that dramatic increases in the systemic risk are usually accompanied by regime shifts, which provide a means of early detection of housing bubbles. PMID:24413626

Meng, Hao; Xie, Wen-Jie; Jiang, Zhi-Qiang; Podobnik, Boris; Zhou, Wei-Xing; Stanley, H. Eugene

2014-01-01

42

Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market Versus the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the link between increases in housing wealth, financial wealth, and consumer spending. We rely upon a panel of 14 countries observed annually for various periods during the past 25 years and a panel of U.S. states observed quarterly during the 1980s and 1990s. We impute the aggregate value of owner-occupied housing, the value of financial assets, and measures

Karl E. Case; Robert J. Shiller; John Quigley

2001-01-01

43

Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the link between increases in housing wealth, financial wealth, and consumer spending. We rely upon a panel of 14 countries observed annually for various periods during the past 25 years and a panel of U.S. states observed quarterly during the 1980s and 1990s. We impute the aggregate value of owner-occupied housing, the value of financial assets, and measures

Karl E. Case; John M. Quigley; Robert J. Shiller

2005-01-01

44

76 FR 22122 - Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program-Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...program work in subareas of their market; in such an instance, a PHA...adversely impacted. Such programs target affordable housing development...areas had FMRs set at below-market rents. Few commenters addressed...use of higher FMRs when local market conditions reduce program...

2011-04-20

45

Developing target marketing strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the last chapter, we developed the basis for identifying the subsets of a consumer population toward which marketing actions\\u000a may be directed. Since all the individuals included in the working sample stated that they also more or less regularly shop\\u000a at the evaluated stores, there is an opportunity to address them directly by in-store marketing actions. Conversely, consumers\\u000a that

Christian Buchta; Sara Dolnicar; Thomas Reutterer

46

Caught between Plan and Market: Vietnam's Housing Reform in the Transition to a Market Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The housing sector in Vietnam follows a ‘gradualist’ approach of transforming from a socialist system in which the state assumed effective control to a market-oriented system that the laws of supply and demand rule. Yet the long and winding transition within such a dual system produces inevitable contradictions between the state and the market as well as between the economic

Hoai-Anh Tran; Ngai-Ming Yip

2008-01-01

47

Price Dispersion in the Housing Market: The Role of Bargaining and Search Costs  

E-print Network

Price Dispersion in the Housing Market: The Role of Bargaining and Search Costs Gaetano Lisi a basic fact of housing markets: price dispersion. The variance in house prices is basically due to both the deal. Furthermore, the house price is substantially determined by bargaining between the parties

Boyer, Edmond

48

24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and Urban Development CONSOLIDATED SUBMISSIONS FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS State Governments; Contents of Consolidated...housing in the State are affected by its policies, including tax policies affecting land and other property, land use...

2010-04-01

49

24 CFR 91.310 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Urban Development CONSOLIDATED SUBMISSIONS FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS State Governments; Contents of Consolidated...housing in the State are affected by its policies, including tax policies affecting land and other property, land use...

2011-04-01

50

Demobilization of the Individualistic Bias: Housing Market Discrimination as a Contributor to Labor Market and Economic Inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Racial discrimination in the nation's housing markets and patterns of residential segregation have contributed to labor market inequalities and economic disparities generally. Housing values are suppressed in minority communities, undercutting wealth accumulation by nonwhite families. Job growth in suburban communities coupled with the concentration of public housing in central city communities restricts minority access to jobs. A range of institutionalized

Gregory D. Squires

2007-01-01

51

Amidst housing market problems, municipalities seek to stem urban decay and affordable housing remains out of reach for many  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Housing Rebound Unlikely Before 2009http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=a4nfoY47rBfo&refer=homeFEMA spends almost $3B on emergency housinghttp://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2008-08-25-katrina_N.htmAdvocates assail suburbs for fighting housing ruleshttp://www.courierpostonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080826/NEWS01/808260371/1006/news01gACORN Housing Corporation [pdf]http://www.acornhousing.org/index.phpU.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development [pdf]http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/affordablehousing/index.cfmEconomists and real estate experts reported this week that U.S. housing prices declined for a fourth straight month, and this news was most unwelcome to those still facing foreclosure on their homes and those who live in large urban areas hit hardest by the housing crisis. The New York Times reported this week that a number of cities (such as Boston and San Diego) are now utilizing both private funds and taxpayer money to buy foreclosed properties in economically isolated and depressed neighborhoods in order to prevent these areas from sliding into urban decay. Not surprisingly, the sale of foreclosed homes to municipalities, along with private investors and others, led to a 3.1 percent increase in home sales during the month of July. Municipalities believe that buying up these properties and rehabilitating them will breathe new life into neighborhoods riddled with foreclosed property and the consequences of urban decay are not lost on municipal leaders, as Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino commented, "Our job as the city government is to restore these neighborhoods. We can't let this cancer continue." Despite the continued decline in housing prices, affordable housing for low and middle-income families remains out of reach in a number of large cities across the United States, including Boston, Seattle, and New York. On a final note, it appears that there will be another type of housing crisis across the Gulf Coast in the coming months, as FEMA prepares to eliminate housing subsidies for thousands of persons displaced by Hurricane Katrina on March 1st. The first link will take users to a New York Times article from this past Monday that offers insight into the efforts of municipalities to purchase foreclosed properties in order to combat neighborhood deterioration. The second link leads to a piece of reporting from Bloomberg's Alison Vekshin that indicates that the housing market will most likely not rebound until the middle of 2009. Moving on, the third link leads to an USA Today article from this Tuesday that reports on FEMA's spending on emergency housing throughout the Gulf Coast region. The fourth link leads to a trenchant piece from this Tuesday's Courier-Post (Cherry Hill, NJ) about the efforts made by wealthier suburbs across New Jersey to keep affordable housing from being built in their communities. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the ACORN Housing Corporation, which works to build affordable housing across the United States. Finally, the last link leads to the homepage of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) thematic policy program dedicated to creating and supporting new affordable housing developments.

2008-08-29

52

Nonprofit housing development: Status, trends, and prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article relies on a national survey of community?based housing development organizations to profile production levels, spatial coverage, funding sources, and nondevelopmental roles of the nonprofit housing development sector. It also uses Urban Institute case study results and secondary data sources to examine continuing barriers to increased production in the sector and the evolution of institutional responses to those barriers.Nationwide,

Christopher Walker

1993-01-01

53

Tax Subsidies to Owner-occupied Housing: An Asset-Market Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inflation reduces the effective cost of homeownership and raises the tax sub- sidy to owner occupation. This paper presents an asset-market model of the hous- ing market and estimates how changes in the expected inflation rate affect the real price of houses and the equilibrium size of the housing capital stock. Simu- lation results suggest that the accelerating inflation of

JAMES M. POTERBA

1984-01-01

54

Do Landlords Discriminate? The Incidence and Causes of Racial Discrimination in Rental Housing Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrimination in housing markets occurs when equally qualified people are treated differently because of their membership in a particular group. This study focuses on racial and ethnic discrimination in qualitative actions by landlords, such as making an advertised housing unit available for inspection by a customer. The data come from the Housing Discrimination study, which conducted over 1500 rental housing

Jan Ondrich; Alex Stricker; John Yinger

1999-01-01

55

Economic fundamentals in local housing markets: Evidence from US metropolitan regions  

E-print Network

importance of changes in regional economic conditions, income, and employment on local housing markets.importance of changes in regional economic conditions, income and employment, upon local housing markets,importance of local regulation in affecting the pattern of market responses to regional economic

Hwang, Min; Quigley, John M.

2006-01-01

56

Japan's manufactured housing capability. A review of the industry and assessment of future impact on the US market  

SciTech Connect

The Japanese have what is generally recognized as the most advanced manufactured housing capability in the world. With heavy reliance on computerized design and inventory control systems, assembly-line production, robotics and sizable research and development budgets, Japan has developed a high-tech housing approach distinct from that found in the United States. Japan's manufactured housing capability and its benefits in producing high quality housing at an affordable price are surveyed. The housing market in Japan and the United States will be compared and the potential impact of Japanese manufactured housing on the United States assessed. Though Japan's manufactured housing capability offers great promise, there are several issues that limit the direct import of these technologies as currently practiced to the United States. Among these obstacles are: (1) inappropriate heating and cooling systems and levels of energy conservation for many areas of the US; (2) the high cost of capitalizing major new housing plants; (3) the design inflexibility of some manufactured housing products; and (4) the difficulty of marketing a mass-produced housing product in the US with its differing regional and local building codes.

Sackett, J.G.

1986-05-01

57

Development of Basic Housing Systems for Maximum Affordability  

SciTech Connect

The ability to provide safe, habitable, comfortable housing for very low income residents within the target budget of $10,000 presents unique design and construction challenges. However, a number of preliminary conclusions have been inferred as being important concepts relative to the study of affordable housing. The term affordable housing can have many meanings and research is needed to define this explicitly. As it is most often used, affordable housing refers to an economic relationship between the price of housing, household income and current interest rates available from a lending institution. There is no direct relationship between architectural style, construction technology or user needs and the concept of affordability. For any home to be affordable, the home owner must balance the combination of housing needs and desires within the limits of an actual budget. There are many misconceptions that affordable housing must be defined as housing for those who cannot afford the free-market price. The concept of affordable housing must also include a component that recognizes the quality of the housing as an important element of the design and construction. In addition, responses to local climate impacts are necessary and are always part of a regional expression of architectural design. By using careful planning and design it may be possible to construct a limited dwelling unit today for a sum of approximately $10,000. Since the organization of the construction process must involve the owner/occupants as well as other volunteers, the project must not only be well conceived, but well developed and coordinated.

Aglan, H.; Gibbons, A.; McQueen, T.M.; Morris, C.; Raines, J.; Wendt, R.L.

1999-04-19

58

Estate-level facility provision and management in market-rate and resettlement coexisting housing compounds  

E-print Network

Market-rate and resettlement coexisting housing compound (MRCHC) is a special model of mixed-income neighborhood merging with the dilapidated housing renewal in the major cities of China. The provision and management of ...

Bai, Jie, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01

59

Economic Fundamentals in Local Housing Markets: Evidence from U.S. Metropolitan Regions  

E-print Network

importance of changes in regional economic conditions, income and employment, upon local housing markets,importance of local regulation in affecting the pattern of market responses to regional economic

Hwang, Min; Quigley, John M.

2006-01-01

60

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Fair Market Rents § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing...Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents. Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are...includes one or more FMR areas that are no longer eligible to use FMRs set...

2011-04-01

61

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Fair Market Rents § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing...Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents. Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are...includes one or more FMR areas that are no longer eligible to use FMRs set...

2013-04-01

62

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Fair Market Rents § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing...Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents. Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are...includes one or more FMR areas that are no longer eligible to use FMRs set...

2014-04-01

63

24 CFR 888.113 - Fair market rents for existing housing: Methodology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Fair Market Rents § 888.113 Fair market rents for existing housing...Methodology. (a) Basis for setting fair market rents. Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are...includes one or more FMR areas that are no longer eligible to use FMRs set...

2012-04-01

64

The Investment in Housing As a Forward Market Transaction: Implications for Tenure Choice and Portfolio Selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of tenure choice is presented which treats the benefits and costs of homeownership from a theory of finance perspective. The incremental benefits from homeownership over renting housing services are from two sources: protection against rental price risk (a forward transaction in the housing market) and from a possible capital gain from the eventual sale of a house (substitutes

Jean-Claude Bosch; James R. Morris; Steve B. Wyatt

1986-01-01

65

ON THE THRESHOLD OF NEW HOUSING DEVELOPMENTS: ZERO ENERGY HOUSING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Apart from the growing need for housing production in the world, the crucial problem is, as cited in literature, the quality of housing planning and design as well as the approach towards water usage and energy consumption. At this point, being on the threshold in terms of environmental sustainability and energy efficiency, zero energy housing(ZEH) concept, newly introduced to the

Merve Bedir

2007-01-01

66

Back to Black … and Green? Location and policy interventions in contemporary neighborhood housing markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The post-war flight from US central cities led to widespread decay and devaluation in downtown housing markets. In a reversal of fortunes, distant housing prices soared while the dense urban core lagged. However, over the course of the 2000–2006 housing bubble, we find that the markets in often ignored mid-sized cities shifted back to the downtowns. This research examines the

Joshua D. Ambrosius; John I. Gilderbloom; Matthew J. Hanka

2010-01-01

67

The Relationship between Urban Development and Housing Prices in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the relationship between urban development and housing prices in China. When comparing data from three recent consecutive years, with some exceptions, the result shows that in general, housing price is determined by urban development in most urban regions. The article summarizes strategies for affordable housing development and housing policy in China, and analyzes the implications of this

XIAOXIAO WANG; MINJIE XU

2009-01-01

68

Bayou Vista: A Market-Driven Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The case touches on several areas of marketing: ethics, sales issues, conflicts of interest, marketing forecasts, and issues of pricing. Joe Brice, the visionary and real estate broker for a 36-lot subdivision of moderately priced single-family homes targeting the $190,000 to $260,000 range, seems to have identified an unmet housing market,…

Izzo, G. Martin; Teal, Elisabeth J.

2012-01-01

69

Building Blocks for a Better Functioning Housing Market in Chile  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chile has made good progress in improving housing conditions, but still around 10% of the population lives in either overcrowded houses, or of inadequate quality and\\/or with poor access to basic services. Improving further housing conditions of the poor is important for curbing poverty and reducing inequality. First, better targeting of housing subsidies will be essential to free resources for

Aida Caldera Sánchez

2012-01-01

70

Grupe Homes Enters the Whole-House Retrofit Market  

SciTech Connect

This article for HomeEnergy Magazine, a trade magazine on energy efficient home construction, retrofitting, remodeling, and research, describes retrofit projects by Grupe Homes of Sacramento, California, a production builder who has worked with DOE's Building America program on energy-efficient home demonstration projects. In this project, The article is a case study of Grupe's decision to enter the energy efficient remodeling market when new home sales lagged due to the economic slowdown starting in late 2007. The article also describes an energy-efficient retrofit of of a 22-year-old, 3-bedroom home in California’s Central Valley done in 2009 by Grupe. The home is Grupe's first retrofit and was done according to the criteria of Home Performance with ENERGY STAR, a national program from the EPA and DOE that promotes a comprehensive, whole-house approach to making energy-efficiency improvements. Grupe's staff were trained through the California Building Performance Contractors Association and passed the Building Performance Institute test to learn how to conduct extensive energy audits of existing houses as well to perform the energy efficient retrofits. In the retrofit home, they did extensive air sealing, replaced and added insulation, and replaced inefficient HVAC equipment and leaky can lights. They cut air leakage from 2478 to 1115 cfm 50, a 55% reduction. A Building America case study on this project was distributed at the EEBA (Energy and Environmental Building Alliance) Annual Conference in Denver, Colorado, Sept 28-30, 2009. The Home Energy article was published in the March/April 2010 issue.

Hefty, Marye G.; Gilbride, Theresa L.

2010-03-01

71

Factors Affecting Housing Developers' Readiness to Adopt Innovative Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

To tackle the problem of abandoned housing projects and improve the quality of housing, the Malaysian Government has proposed a new housing delivery system known as Build Then Sell (BTS). To encourage BTS, the government has introduced a fast-track planning approval process, a waiver of a deposit for a developer's license and an exemption for low-cost houses. However, many developers

NorAini Yusof; Mohd Wira Mohd Shafiei

2011-01-01

72

Factors for Bioenergy Market Development  

SciTech Connect

Focusing on the development of the whole bioenergy market rather than isolated projects, this paper contributes to the identification of barriers and drivers behind bioenergy technology implementation. It presents a framework for the assessment of the potentials for bioenergy market growth to be used by decision makers in administration and industry. The conclusions are based on case studies of operating bioenergy markets in Austria, US and Sweden. Six important factors for bioenergy market growth have been identified: (1) Integration with other business, e.g. for biomass procurement, (2) Scale effects of bioenergy market, (3) Competition on bioenergy market, (4) Competition with other business, (5) National policy, (6) Local policy and local opinion. Different applications of the framework are discussed.

Roos, A.; Hektor, B.; Graham, R.L.; Rakos, C.

1998-10-04

73

Momentum: "Developing Masterful Marketing Plans."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how directors can plan and develop a written marketing plan which can increase enrollment at child care centers. Components of successful marketing plans include parent retention; program merchandising; staff and director training; sales promotions; networking; and enrichment programs/fundraising. (NH)

Meservey, Lynne D.

1988-01-01

74

Evolution of the U.S. Housing Finance System: A Historical Survey and Lessons For Emerging Mortgage Markets (Russian version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new release by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research charts the evolution of our nation's housing finance system. This historical account illuminates the process of linking borrowers with investors\\/savers and five different financial intermediation models gleaned from the U.S. experience. The authors examine practices that can be of use to nations with emerging mortgage markets which are facing

2006-01-01

75

Evolution of the U.S. Housing Finance System: A Historical Survey and Lessons For Emerging Mortgage Markets (French version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new release by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research charts the evolution of our nation's housing finance system. This historical account illuminates the process of linking borrowers with investors\\/savers and five different financial intermediation models gleaned from the U.S. experience. The authors examine practices that can be of use to nations with emerging mortgage markets which are facing

2006-01-01

76

Evolution of the U.S. Housing Finance System: A Historical Survey and Lessons For Emerging Mortgage Markets (English version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new release by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research charts the evolution of our nation's housing finance system. This historical account illuminates the process of linking borrowers with investors\\/savers and five different financial intermediation models gleaned from the U.S. experience. The authors examine practices that can be of use to nations with emerging mortgage markets which are facing

2006-01-01

77

Evolution of the U.S. Housing Finance System: A Historical Survey and Lessons For Emerging Mortgage Markets (Spanish version)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new release by HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research charts the evolution of our nation's housing finance system. This historical account illuminates the process of linking borrowers with investors\\/savers and five different financial intermediation models gleaned from the U.S. experience. The authors examine practices that can be of use to nations with emerging mortgage markets which are facing

2006-01-01

78

The unfulfilled promise of neoliberal housing policy : how the dynamics of the rental housing market influence the spatial concentration of voucher holders in New York City  

E-print Network

This thesis seeks to understand how rental housing market dynamics-particularly landlord behavior, and the policies and players that shape it-contribute to the spatial clustering of households that participate in the Housing ...

Yaskil, Dara N. (Dara Nora)

2014-01-01

79

House Energy and Water Development FY 2007 Appropriations Passed by House Appropriations Committee May 17, 2006, Status: sent to House  

E-print Network

House Energy and Water Development FY 2007 Appropriations Passed by House Appropriations Committee May 17, 2006, Status: sent to House Fusion Energy Sciences ­ Office of Science The Committee recommendation for fusion energy sciences is $318,950,000, the same as the budget request. The Committee

80

The Sour Side of Today's Housing Market: Testing internal relationships and understanding the composition of today's market.  

E-print Network

as the relationship between the percentage of REO Resale's and price and sales activity measures for CaliforniaThe Sour Side of Today's Housing Market: Testing internal relationships and understanding the composition of today's market. Abstract This paper examines the relationship between the percentage

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

81

Equity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter?  

E-print Network

show that the primary equity market is not an important determinant of economic growth, despite development and economic growth, the impact of market- based measures on growth has assumed importanceEquity markets and economic development: Does the primary market matter? Andriansyaha,b,*and George

82

Between ‘Market’ and ‘Welfare’: Rent Restructuring Policy in the Housing Association Sector, England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper empirically evaluates the market and welfare impacts of rent restructuring policy in the housing association (RSL) sector. The focus is on the financial viability of housing associations in the north of England, the affordability problems of tenants in the south, and the changes of turnover rates of RSL tenancies that have resulted. Using data from the Regulatory and

Connie P. Y. Tang

2008-01-01

83

Prices and Trading Volume in the Housing Market: A Model with Down-Payment Effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a simple model of trade in the housing market. The crucial feature is that a minimum down payment is required for the purchase of a new home. The model has direct implications for the volatility of house prices as well as for the correlation between prices and trading volume. The model can also be extended to address

JEREMY C. STEIN

1995-01-01

84

Sustainable Housing in the Urban Context: International Sustainable Development Indicator Sets and Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Housing, an essential aspect of quality of life, is also significant for sustainable development (SD). All of the major international statements on SD refer to housing or settlement strategies. However, indicator sets derived from these statements often fail to include good indicators of sustainable housing. This article outlines the…

Winston, Nessa; Pareja Eastaway, Montserrat

2008-01-01

85

The Impact of Buy to Let Residential Investment on Local Housing Markets: Evidence from Glasgow, Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of the ‘buy to let’ (BTL) phenomenon in the UK, apart from producing a new wave of individualized rental market investment, has been widely judged to be a speculative and destabilizing force in the housing market. This paper provides a detailed empirical investigation of new residential investment in one city (Glasgow) where BTL has made a relatively large

Kenneth Gibb; Christian Nygaard

2005-01-01

86

Heterogeneity and dynamics in China's emerging urban housing market: two sides of a success story from the late 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's emerging housing market plays a pivotal role in the ongoing economic reforms. The complete abandonment of the socialist housing allocation system in the late 1990s has led to profound changes in housing provision and consumption in urban China. This paper, through analysis of 2000 Chinese census data and other comparable data sets, studies housing trends in urban China and

Zhou Yu

2004-01-01

87

Photovoltaic marketing in developing countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photovoltaic (PV) insolation-harnessing is acknowledged as the most practical economic solution to meet the requirements of one hundred million people without electricity in the developing countries. Industrialized countries in particular, have been active in utilizing such technologies because they can afford the current peak watt prices of US $3–15 for such systems. The market in those countries will soon be

M. A. Muntasser; M. F. Bara; H. A. Quadri; R. EL-Tarabelsi; I. F. La-azebi

2000-01-01

88

Does Air Quality Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We exploit the structure of the Clean Air Act to provide new evidence on the capitalization of total suspended particulates (TSPs) air pol- lution into housing values. This legislation imposes strict regulations on polluters in \\

Kenneth Y. Chay; Michael Greenstone

2004-01-01

89

The coordinate-wise core for multiple-type housing markets is second-best incentive compatible  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the generalization of Shapley and Scarf's (1974) model of trading indivisible objects (houses) to so-called multiple-type housing markets. We show that the prominent solution for these markets, the coordinate-wise core rule, is second-best incentive compatible. In other words, there exists no other strategy-proof trading rule that Pareto dominates the coordinate-wise core rule. Given that for multiple-type housing markets

Bettina Klaus

2006-01-01

90

Development of an energy rating system for existing houses  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the development of a new energy rating system for existing houses, combining the information from utility bills with on-site measurements and computer simulation. The proposed system was tested on a sample of 45 houses in Montreal, with the following main objectives: (i) to evaluate the quality of results given by the system (e.g., energy performance of houses,

Radu Zmeureanu; Paul Fazio; Sebastiano DePani; Robert Calla

1999-01-01

91

Targeting the suburban urbanites: Marketing central?city housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores target marketing as a means to identify which middle?income suburbanites may relocate to central cities. The most targetable populations reside near central cities and lead urban lifestyles. We term such people “suburban urbanites.” Geodemography, a method combining population and location, is used to classify suburban urbanites using data from Claritas Inc., a target marketer. Claritas divides the

Robert E. Lang; James W. Hughes; Karen A. Danielsen

1997-01-01

92

[Effects of immigration to Bavaria on population structure, the labor and housing market, infrastructure, and land use].  

PubMed

The projected effects of immigration on age structure, the labor market, the housing market, infrastructure, and land use are analyzed for Bavaria, Germany. The projections are primarily for the period 1990-2010 and include four different scenarios. PMID:12345492

Koll, R; Vogler-ludwig, K

1993-01-01

93

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2010-04-01

94

24 CFR 203.437 - Mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.437 Section 203.437 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2011-04-01

95

An Analysis of Sales Training Effectiveness within the Housing Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess the performance outcomes of a sales training program. This study is unique in a number of ways. First, it focuses on an under-studied area (sales training effectiveness). Second, it is directed at the evaluation of sales training programs completed by Realtors within the housing industry. Finally, it…

Ronbinson, John Cheney, IV

2012-01-01

96

Does Air Quality Matter? Evidence from the Housing Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We exploit the structure of the Clean Air Act to provide new evidence on the capitalization of total suspended particulates (TSPs) air pollution into housing values. This legislation imposes strict regulations on polluters in "nonattainment" counties, which are defined by concentrations of TSPs that exceed a federally set ceiling. TSPs…

Chay, Kenneth Y.; Greenstone, Michael

2005-01-01

97

Essays on the functioning of housing and labor markets  

E-print Network

The first chapter consists of my job-market paper. The foreclosure rate of sub-prime mortgages increased markedly across 2003-2007 borrower cohorts-sub-prime mortgages originated in 2006- 2007 were roughly three times more ...

Palmer, Christopher John

2014-01-01

98

New housing in old Chinatown : barriers and incentives to affordable housing development  

E-print Network

In the 1970s and 80s, the rapid development of San Francisco's Financial District encroached upon Chinatown's intimately-scaled neighborhood. Developers took whole city blocks that housed low-income immigrants to build the ...

Tan, Bryant

2008-01-01

99

Holistic revitalization in small post-industrial cities : tools for urban housing development  

E-print Network

For generations, housing programs have sought to utilize redevelopment projects to accomplish broader community revitalization goals. Contemporary affordable housing practice embodies this idea in large housing development ...

Beam, Jeffrey (Jeffrey J.)

2009-01-01

100

Space market model development project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of the research program, Space Market Model Development Project, (Phase 1) were: (1) to study the need for business information in the commercial development of space; and (2) to propose a design for an information system to meet the identified needs. Three simultaneous research strategies were used in proceeding toward this goal: (1) to describe the space business information which currently exists; (2) to survey government and business representatives on the information they would like to have; and (3) to investigate the feasibility of generating new economical information about the space industry.

Bishop, Peter C.

1987-01-01

101

75 FR 27808 - Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program-Demonstration Project of Small Area Fair Market Rents in...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...initial rents for housing assistance payment (HAP) contracts...Department of Housing and Urban Development...2 weeks in advance of the public...building, an advance appointment...authorizes housing assistance...assistance payments are...

2010-05-18

102

Marketing manufactured housing under the ''Super Good Cents'' Program  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this study is to propose a strategy for including manufactured housing (MH) in Bonneville Power Administration's Super Good Cents (SGC) Program. This report presents information on the site-built SGC program, the characterization of MH consumers, the options for including MH in the SGC program, and the recommendations for including MHs in the SGC program. The purposed strategy for including MHs in the SGC program is designed to reduce risks to manufacturers and dealers, stimulate demand, and allow for maximum flexibility.

Mohler, B.L.; Smith, S.A.

1986-01-01

103

Housing development as an application of ecological engineering on streamside  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work presented in this paper demonstrates housing development as an application of ecological engineering on streamside. The study site consists of terrestrial, riverbank and aquatic zones, on which their correlation and effects were investigated. Interdisciplinary methods involving ecology, hydrology, environment and landscape were applied to achieve maximum benefits for humans and nature. A technical scheme for housing development was

Yuansheng Pei; Zhaohui Tian; Zhifeng Yang; Kejiang Zhang

2009-01-01

104

An International Marketing Curriculum - Development and Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the process of market-driven curriculum design in the development of an undergraduate International Marketing (IM) major at Duquesne University (Pennsylvania) School of Business Administration. Reports on a market study revealing profiles and IM curriculum design preferences of exporting companies. Discusses the curriculum development,…

Abboushi, Suhail; Lackman, Conway; Peace, A. Graham

1999-01-01

105

Developing a strategic marketing plan for hospitals.  

PubMed

The initial stages of developing a strategic marketing plan for hospitals are explored in this excerpt from the book, The Role of the Hospital in an Aging Society: A Blueprint for Action. The elderly have unique perceptual, cognitive, social, and psychological needs and preferences, and a marketing strategy for eldercare services must reflect these factors, as well as the financial role of third-party payers and the decision-making influence of families and physicians. Among the elements the hospital must address when developing a marketing strategy are market selection and segmentation, targeting markets with specific services, pricing, and positioning the hospital for a maximum share of the eldercare market. PMID:10302744

Dychtwald, K; Zitter, M

1988-09-01

106

Smokeless tobacco in Canada: deterring market development  

PubMed Central

DATA SOURCES—A review of the literature identified demographic, cultural, and marketing variables related to the uptake and continuation of smokeless tobacco use. Government and industry data on production, marketing, and consumption of smokeless tobacco products are presented.?METHODS—The Canadian and American markets are compared in terms of prevalence, consumption per capita, and marketing practices. Lessons to be learned from the well-orchestrated development of the American market in the past 30 years are examined. Canadian tobacco regulations are described. Strategies by which the increased exploitation of the Canadian smokeless tobacco market can be deterred are discussed.?CONCLUSIONS—A long-term, independently financed strategy built around a national smokeless tobacco de-marketing organisation with a constellation of private local institutions is suggested as a means of combating smokeless tobacco marketing efforts.???Keywords: smokeless tobacco; marketing; Canada PMID:10629248

Wyckham, R.

1999-01-01

107

Patterns of Residential Crowding among Hispanics in Later Life: Immigration, Assimilation, and Housing Market Factors  

PubMed Central

Objective. We describe patterns of residential crowding among older Hispanics and non-Hispanic Whites. We also examine hypotheses about the relationship of residential crowding with assimilation (language and duration of residence) and housing market characteristics. Methods. We employ a multilevel research design, using data from the 2000 U.S. Census of Population. Hierarchical linear models are utilized to estimate the association between residential crowding and both individual and housing market factors. Results. Approximately one third of older Hispanics in metropolitan areas live in crowded housing compared with only one tenth of older non-Hispanic Whites. Foreign-born older persons report higher levels of crowding than U.S.-born older persons. Residential crowding differences between older Hispanics and non-Hispanics are not eliminated after controls are included. Older Hispanics who report better English language skills and a longer duration of residence in the United States live in less crowded housing. We do not find evidence for a relationship between crowding and residential segregation, but we find consistent evidence for an association between residential crowding and relative size of the Hispanic population. Discussion. The forces that shape household composition and access to housing among older Hispanics appear to result in higher levels of residential crowding for this population. PMID:20937707

Mutchler, Jan E.; Gerst, Kerstin

2010-01-01

108

24 CFR 91.210 - Housing market analysis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and Urban Development CONSOLIDATED SUBMISSIONS FOR COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS Local Governments; Contents of Consolidated...policies, particularly by policies of the jurisdiction, including tax policies affecting land and other property, land use...

2011-04-01

109

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

110

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

111

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion...Section 972.124 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2010-04-01

112

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

113

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92...Section 92.300 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

114

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2010-04-01

115

24 CFR 92.208 - Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating expense and capacity...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...false Eligible community housing development organization (CHDO) operating...Section 92.208 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

116

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

117

24 CFR 92.301 - Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Project-specific assistance to community housing development organizations. 92.301 Section 92.301 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

118

24 CFR 92.300 - Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Set-aside for community housing development organizations (CHDOs). 92...Section 92.300 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

119

24 CFR 92.452 - Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Reallocation of community housing development organization set-aside. 92...Section 92.452 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary,...

2011-04-01

120

24 CFR 972.124 - Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...Standards for identifying public housing developments subject to required conversion...Section 972.124 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2011-04-01

121

Technological innovation in community housing development: Barriers to energy efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Community housing developers produce affordable housing and jobs for many residents of low-income neighborhoods through the rehabilitation of existing single and multi-family buildings. Typically operating as small, not-for-profits or community-based organizations, the vast numbers of community housing developers creates high coordinating costs of operating jointly to acquire the shared learning needed to implement new techniques, such as those involving energy efficiency. This paper presents a model of technology adoption that suggests that new profitable technologies will be adopted only with low probability and that strategic interaction between potential adopters further reduces the likelihood of adoption. These features result from the ability of potential adopters to postpone the bearing the costs of adoption of new technologies and their ability to share the knowledge of others who have adopted new technologies. These features are particularly characteristic of community housing developers.

Cavallo, J.D.

1996-05-01

122

The Coordinate-Wise Core for Multiple-Type Housing Markets is Second-Best Incentive Compatible  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the generalization of Shapley and Scarf''s (1974) model of trading indivisible objects (houses) to so-called multiple-type housing markets. We show (Theorem 1) that the prominent solution for these markets, the coordinate-wise core rule, is second-best incentive compatible. In other words, there exists no other strategy-proof trading rule that Pareto dominates the coordinate-wise core rule. Given that for multiple-type

Bettina Klaus

2005-01-01

123

The coordinate-wise core for multiple-type housing markets is second-best incentive compatible  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the generalization of Shapley and Scarf’s (1974) [Shapley, L., Scarf’s, H., 1974. On cores and indivisibility. Journal of Mathematical Economics 1, 23–37.] model of trading indivisible objects (houses) to so-called multiple-type housing markets. We show that the prominent solution for these markets, the coordinate-wise core rule, is second-best incentive compatible.

Bettina Klaus

2008-01-01

124

New Developments in Hog Houses and Equipment.  

E-print Network

that are nailed over the inside of the rear and side openings is another new feature on the Texas A-type house. .The slats prevent the pigs from crawling out of these openings, and the sows from going out over guard rails which could injure the sows udders. 8... ........... 72 16 1" x 4" x 16'-0" for bracing and slats .....,..................... 86 - TT---lware: Total ........................ 468 I door hooks 6 screw-eyes pair 6" strap hinges 16 feet tie chain, galvanized 6" hasp and stagle nails, 8-penny, and 16...

Hale, Fred; Smith, H. P. (Harris Pearson)

1933-01-01

125

7 CFR 982.58 - Research, promotion, and market development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Research, promotion, and market development. 982.58 Section...Development § 982.58 Research, promotion, and market development. (a) General...research, marketing research and development, and...

2011-01-01

126

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program Specification Development  

SciTech Connect

The Hood River Passive Project was developed by Root Design Build of Hood River Oregon using the Passive House Planning Package (PHPP) to meet all of the requirements for certification under the European Passive House standards. The Passive House design approach has been gaining momentum among residential designers for custom homes and BEopt modeling indicates that these designs may actually exceed the goal of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30%-50% (compared to 2009 energy codes for new homes). This report documents the short term test results of the Shift House and compares the results of PHPP and BEopt modeling of the project.

Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

2013-02-01

127

The downside of marketization: a multilevel analysis of housing tenure and types in reform-era urban China.  

PubMed

Based on data from the 2005 National Population Sample Survey and compiled covariates of 205 prefectures, this research adopted principal-component and multilevel-logistic analyses to study homeownership in urban China. Although the housing reform has severed the link between work units and residence, working in state sectors (government, state-owned enterprises and collective firms) remained significant in determining a household's entitlement to reform-era housing with heavy subsidies or better qualities. While the prefecture-level index of marketization reduced local homeownership of self-built housing, affordable housing and privatized housing, its effect is moderated by cross-level interactions with income, education and working in state sectors across different types of housing. Meanwhile, the index of political and market connections promoted all types of homeownership except for self-built housing. By situating the downside of marketization within a context of urban transformation, this research not only challenges the teleological premise of the neoliberal market transition theory but calls for research on institutional dynamics and social consequences of urban transformation in China. PMID:25432608

Fu, Qiang; Zhu, Yushu; Ren, Qiang

2015-01-01

128

RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKETS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Renewable energy is shifting from the fringe to the mainstream of sustainable development. Past donor efforts achieved modest results but often were not sustained or replicated, which leads now to greater market orientation. Markets for rural household lighting with solar home systems, biogas, and small hydro power have expanded through rural entrepreneurship, government programs, and donor assistance, serving millions

Eric Martinot; Akanksha Chaurey; Debra Lew; Jose Roberto Moreira; Njeri Wamukonya

2002-01-01

129

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2012-04-01

130

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2011-04-01

131

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2013-04-01

132

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2014-04-01

133

24 CFR 5.353 - Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.353 Section 5.353 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Housing...

2010-04-01

134

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2010-04-01

135

24 CFR 203.43c - Eligibility of mortgages involving a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...a dwelling unit in a cooperative housing development. 203.43c Section 203.43c Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

2011-04-01

136

5/2/2005 Industry Seminar -April 2005 The Housing Market and Demand for  

E-print Network

1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 0.0% 4.0% 8.0% 12.0% 16.0% Number Foreign Born 1000s) Percent.49 1.952 1.938 1.82 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 2004 2005 2006 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 SF Total5/2/2005 Industry Seminar - April 2005 The Housing Market and Demand for Building Materials

137

7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Research, market development and promotion. 930.48...Order Regulating Handling Research, Market Development and Promotion § 930.48 Research, market development and promotion. The...

2010-01-01

138

7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...905.54 Marketing, research and development. The committee may...production research, marketing research and development projects,...

2011-01-01

139

7 CFR 930.48 - Research, market development and promotion.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Research, market development and promotion. 930.48...Order Regulating Handling Research, Market Development and Promotion § 930.48 Research, market development and promotion. The...

2011-01-01

140

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section... § 922.45 Marketing research and development. The committee, with...establishment of marketing research and development projects designed...

2011-01-01

141

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section... § 923.45 Marketing research and development. The committee, with...establishment of marketing research and development projects designed...

2011-01-01

142

7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45 Section... § 916.45 Marketing research and development. The committee, with...production research, marketing research and development projects designed...

2011-01-01

143

Large resource development projects as markets for passive solar technologies. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A basic premise of this study is that large resource development projects provide a major market opportunity for passive solar manufactured buildings. The primary objectives of the work are to document selected resource development projects and identify their potential housing needs and development schedules, to contact resource industry representatives and assess some of the processes and motivations behind their involvement in housing decisions, and to provide passive solar manufactured buildings producers with results of these steps as early initial market intelligence. The intent is to identify not only the industries, location of their planned projects, and their likely worker housing needs, but also the individuals involved in making housing-related decisions. The 56 identified projects are located within 18 states and cover 11 types of resources. The report documents individual projects, provides protections of total worker-related housing needs, and presents overviews of resource development company involvement in the new construction market. In addition, the report profiles three organizations that expressed a strong interest in implementing the use of low-cost passive solar manufactured buildings in resource-development-related activities.

Roze-Benson, R V

1980-12-01

144

Central station market development strategies for photovoltaics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Federal market development strategies designed to accelerate the market penetration of central station applications of photovoltaic energy system are analyzed. Since no specific goals were set for the commercialization of central station applications, strategic principles are explored which, when coupled with specific objectives for central stations, can produce a market development implementation plan. The study includes (1) background information on the National Photovoltaic Program, photovoltaic technology, and central stations; (2) a brief market assessment; (3) a discussion of the viewpoints of the electric utility industry with respect to solar energy; (4) a discussion of commercialization issues; and (5) strategy principles. It is recommended that a set of specific goals and objectives be defined for the photovoltaic central station program, and that these goals and objectives evolve into an implementation plan that identifies the appropriate federal role.

1980-11-01

145

Central station market development strategies for photovoltaics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Federal market development strategies designed to accelerate the market penetration of central station applications of photovoltaic energy system are analyzed. Since no specific goals were set for the commercialization of central station applications, strategic principles are explored which, when coupled with specific objectives for central stations, can produce a market development implementation plan. The study includes (1) background information on the National Photovoltaic Program, photovoltaic technology, and central stations; (2) a brief market assessment; (3) a discussion of the viewpoints of the electric utility industry with respect to solar energy; (4) a discussion of commercialization issues; and (5) strategy principles. It is recommended that a set of specific goals and objectives be defined for the photovoltaic central station program, and that these goals and objectives evolve into an implementation plan that identifies the appropriate federal role.

1980-01-01

146

Problems and prospects of housing development in Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to give an analysis of the problems and prospects of housing development in Ethiopia with particular emphasis on the city of Addis Ababa. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The methodology employed here is a descriptive analysis where the source of the data is mainly secondary data. Basic statistical tools are employed in the analyses of

Abraham Tesfaye

2007-01-01

147

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each year, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) makes all of their published research reports, case studies, and guidebooks publicly available on this website. The documents are arranged thematically, and they include everything from "Affordable Housing" to "Zoning". Given the recent interest in building "green", many visitors will want to click on over to the "Housing Production and Technology" area. On the right hand side of the page, visitors will find the "Popular Picks" list. Some of the publications are intended for an audience with a more technical background, but many of the works deal quite broadly with urban policy matters. The site is rounded out by a direct link to "New Publications" area near the bottom of the homepage and social media functionality.

148

The Development of Energy Markets in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Europe has been engaged in a debate aimed at building an integrated and competitive energy market since the early 1990s. The\\u000a European Union has instituted to share the responsibility to develop a strategic policy to change current trends, and hence\\u000a a truly competitive, single European electricity and gas market is expected to open the competition of Europe-wide companies.\\u000a In this

Mehmet Baha Karan; Hasan Kazda?li

149

Developing and marketing a photovoltaics product  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents findings from a market assessment performed by Applied Energy Group, Inc. concerning a Photovoltaic (PV) product developed by Delmarva Power in conjunction with AC Battery and Ascension Technology and the University of Delaware, with sponsorship from the U.S. Department of Energy, This research was performed as part of Phase I of Delmarva`s PV:BONUS research project which has as its aim the development and eventual commercialization of a solar peak shaving device for commercial buildings. A second stage of market research will be pursued under Phase II of the PV:BONUS project to further target appropriate markets, identify and secure several demonstration installations, and develop a marketing campaign. This project provides an example of how a utility can leverage outside funding sources, such as the Department of Energy, to help further the dual goals of identifying new market areas as well as meeting a national policy objective -- the development and commercialization of renewable resource technologies. Technology development is, in fact, a major area of focus for the current administration and is seen as an imperative for the U.S.`s ability to compete in the global marketplace. U.S. electric utilities are in an excellent position to pursue this important niche of energy services as they begin to position themselves for an increasingly competitive environment both here and abroad.

Freeman, L.M.

1995-12-31

150

A Marketing Manual for Job Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is intended for job developers and people working in educational, vocational, and training organizations with responsibilities for job development and placement. It is designed to help them perform their responsibilities more effectively by making them more responsive to market needs and more efficient in executing their…

Serapio, Manuel G., Jr.

151

76 FR 9588 - Announcement of Funding Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5300-FA-04...Awards for the Rural Housing and Economic Development Program; Fiscal Year 2009 AGENCY...Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION: Notice of funding...

2011-02-18

152

Significance and survival of Enterococci during the house fly development.  

PubMed

House flies are among the most important nonbiting insect pests of medical and veterinary importance. Larvae develop in decaying organic substrates and their survival strictly depends on an active microbial community. House flies have been implicated in the ecology and transmission of enterococci, including multi-antibiotic-resistant and virulent strains of Enterococcus faecalis. In this study, eight American Type Culture Collection type strains of enterococci including Enterococcus avium, Enterococcus casseliflavus, Enterococcus durans, Enterococcus hirae, Enterococcus mundtii, Enterococcus gallinarum, Enterococcusfaecalis, and Enterococcusfaecium were evaluated for their significance in the development of house flies from eggs to adults in bacterial feeding assays. Furthermore, the bacterial colonization of the gut of teneral flies as well as the importance of several virulence traits of E. faecalis in larval mortality was assessed. Overall survival of house flies (egg to adult) was significantly higher when grown with typically nonpathogenic enterococcal species such as E. hirae (76.0% survival), E. durans (64.0%), and E. avium (64.0%) compared with that with clinically important species E. faecalis (24.0%) and E. faecium (36.0%). However, no significant differences in survival of house fly larvae were detected when grown with E. faecalis strains carrying various virulence traits, including isogenic mutants of the human clinical isolate E. faecalis V583 with in-frame deletions of gelatinase, serine protease, and capsular polysaccharide serotype C. Enterococci were commonly detected in fly puparia (range: 75-100%; concentration: 103-105 CFU/puparium);however, the prevalence of enterococci in teneral flies varied greatly: from 25.0 (E. casseliflavus) to 89.5% (E. hirae). In conclusion, depending on the species, enterococci variably support house fly larval development and colonize the gut of teneral adults. The human pathogenic species, E. faecalis and E. faecium, poorly support larval development and are likely acquired in nature by adult flies during feeding. House fly larvae do not appear to be a suitable model organism for assessment of enterococcal virulence traits. PMID:24605454

Ghosh, Anuradha; Akhtar, Mastura; Holderman, Chris; Zurek, Ludek

2014-01-01

153

Marketing concepts for pharmaceutical service development.  

PubMed

Marketing concepts as a mechanism to help pharmacy develop, communicate, and sell future pharmaceutical services to consumers are discussed. Pharmacy as a profession must define itself broadly to take advantage of future growth opportunities. These growth opportunities will be realized from unmet health-care needs and changing consumer life style trends and values. New services must therefore be oriented toward consumers (i.e., patients, health professionals, and third-party agencies) to gain acceptance. Dispensing and drug-knowledge-distribution pharmaceutical services are reviewed by a product life cycle analysis of sales profits versus time. A marketing mix for new pharmaceutical services is developed consisting of service, price, distribution, and promotion strategies. Marketing can encompass those key elements necessary to meet the organizational goals of pharmacy and provide a systematic, disciplined approach for presenting a new service to consumers. PMID:7211890

Grauer, D W

1981-02-01

154

Development Strategy for Mobilecommunications Market in Chinese Rural Area  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on full analysis of rural mobile communication market, in order to explore mobile operators in rural areas of information services for sustainable development model, this paper presents three different aspects, including rural mobile communications market demand, the rural market for mobile communications business model and development strategies for rural mobile communications market research business. It supplies some valuable references for operators to develop rural users rapidly, develop the rural market effectively and to get access to develop a broad space.

Zhang, Liwei; Zhang, Yanjun; Xu, Liying; Li, Daoliang

155

7 CFR 905.54 - Marketing, research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing, research and development. 905.54 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

156

7 CFR 923.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 923.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

157

7 CFR 916.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 916.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

158

7 CFR 922.45 - Marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing research and development. 922.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

159

The Sociology of Discrimination: Racial Discrimination in Employment, Housing, Credit, and Consumer Markets  

PubMed Central

Persistent racial inequality in employment, housing, and a wide range of other social domains has renewed interest in the possible role of discrimination. And yet, unlike in the pre–civil rights era, when racial prejudice and discrimination were overt and widespread, today discrimination is less readily identifiable, posing problems for social scientific conceptualization and measurement. This article reviews the relevant literature on discrimination, with an emphasis on racial discrimination in employment, housing, credit markets, and consumer interactions. We begin by defining discrimination and discussing relevant methods of measurement. We then provide an overview of major findings from studies of discrimination in each of the four domains; and, finally, we turn to a discussion of the individual, organizational, and structural mechanisms that may underlie contemporary forms of discrimination. This discussion seeks to orient readers to some of the key debates in the study of discrimination and to provide a roadmap for those interested in building upon this long and important line of research. PMID:20689680

Pager, Devah; Shepherd, Hana

2010-01-01

160

International Capital Markets: Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication has recently been made available by the International Monetary Fund. International Capital Markets: Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues is part of an annual series that has been produced since 1980. It is "an integral element of the IMF's surveillance of developments in international financial markets." It contains sections on developments in mature markets, emerging markets, and international banking, among others.

Folkerts-Landau, David.

1997-01-01

161

Do Market Efficiency Measures Yield Correct Inferences? A Comparison of Developed and Emerging Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from 56 markets, we find that short-term reversal, post-earnings drift, and momentum strategies earn similar returns in emerging and developed markets. Variance ratios and market delay measures often show greater deviations from random walk pricing in developed markets. Conceptually, we show that commonly used efficiency tests can yield misleading inferences because they do not control for the information

John M. Griffin; Patrick J. Kelly; Federico Nardari

2010-01-01

162

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-print Network

recent European house price trends: An absence of continental drift? School of Architecture, Design: An absence of continental drift ­ Dean Garratt UK house prices ­ Dean Garratt Affordability of house prices

Evans, Paul

163

Market Development for Entrepreneurs. Panel V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four small business development experts examine ways of encouraging/helping entrepreneurs: market identification; management education; improved capital access; emphasis on business and producer services; import substitution; local purchasing; local business expansion; adaptation of good ideas; response to problems/trends in lifestyle changes,…

Appalachia, 1986

1986-01-01

164

The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

2009-01-01

165

Marketing and Development for Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 23 essays provides an overview of current marketing and resource development practices in community colleges. The first of the five sections in the book, "Organizing for Successful Advancement," contains chapters on "Organization of the Successful Institutional Office," by Nanette J. Smith; "The President and Institutional…

Ryan, G. Jeremiah, Ed.; Smith, Nanette J., Ed.

166

The impact of transit-oriented development on housing prices in San Diego, CA.  

PubMed

This research measures the influence of transit-oriented development (TOD) on the San Diego, CA, condominium market. Many view TOD as a key element in creating a less auto dependent and more sustainable transport system. Price premiums indicate a potential for a market-driven expansion of TOD inventory. A hedonic price model is estimated to isolate statistically the effect of TOD. This includes interaction terms between station distance and various measures of pedestrian orientation. The resulting model shows that station proximity has a significantly stronger impact when coupled with a pedestrian-oriented environment. Conversely, station area condominiums in more auto-oriented environments may sell at a discount. This indicates that TOD has a synergistic value greater than the sum of its parts. It also implies a healthy demand for more TOD housing in San Diego. PMID:21174895

Duncan, Michael

2011-01-01

167

The role of the housing provident fund in financing affordable housing development in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the adoption of the open door policy, the economy of China has been growing rapidly. Along with economic achievement, housing problems in major cities in China have remained largely unsolved. Under the traditional planned economy since 1949, all housing production was the responsibility of the State. Due to the lack of finance, new housing production has not been able

Stanley Chi-Wai Yeung; Rodney Howes

2006-01-01

168

Stock market development under globalization: Whither the gains from reforms?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decades, many countries have implemented significant reforms (including financial liberalization, privatization, and regulatory and supervisory improvements) to foster domestic capital market development. Despite these policies, the performance of capital markets in several countries has been disappointing. To understand the effects of reforms, we study the impact of six capital market reforms on domestic stock market development and

Augusto de la Torre; Juan Carlos Gozzi; Sergio L. Schmukler

2007-01-01

169

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance...Section 972.209 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2010-04-01

170

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance...Section 972.106 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2010-04-01

171

24 CFR 972.106 - Procedure for required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...required conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance...Section 972.106 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2011-04-01

172

24 CFR 972.209 - Procedure for voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...voluntary conversion of public housing developments to tenant-based assistance...Section 972.209 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2011-04-01

173

Financial market development and corporate financing: evidence from emerging market economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of financial market development on corporate financing of emerging market firms to ascertain whether or not interactions in the financial market has any impact on the available choice of financing of firms. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Panel data covering the period 1990-2006 for 34 emerging market economies were analyzed within

Godfred A. Bokpin

2010-01-01

174

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2014-04-01

175

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2012-04-01

176

24 CFR 5.380 - Public housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...housing programs: Procedure for development of pet rules. 5.380 Section 5.380 Housing...GENERAL HUD PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS; WAIVERS Pet Ownership for the Elderly or Persons With Disabilities Pet Ownership Requirements for Public...

2013-04-01

177

Municipal strategies for affordable housing : incenting an exacting public goods from private developers  

E-print Network

This thesis studies the next generation of municipal housing policy by asking, "How can cities effectively use the private-sector to promote affordable housing development?" In response, it looks at an array of public-sector ...

Goldstein, Ari Alowan

2007-01-01

178

Mind Map Marketing: A Creative Approach in Developing Marketing Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this conceptual article, the authors describe an alternative course structure that joins learning key marketing concepts to creative problem solving. The authors describe an approach using a convergent-divergent-convergent (CDC) process: key concepts are first derived from case material to be organized in a marketing matrix, which is then used…

Eriksson, Lars Torsten; Hauer, Amie M.

2004-01-01

179

New Course Development in Multicultural Marketing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The multicultural market has witnessed tremendous growth in many societies, yet multicultural marketing is marginalized in the marketing curriculum. The focus of this article is to stimulate more discussion of multicultural issues within marketing by proposing suggestions for a multicultural marketing course and identifying appropriate teaching…

Burton, Dawn

2005-01-01

180

Understanding the LANDSAT market in developing countries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The constraints on the growth of the market which stem from the development process itself and from a country's technical, political, and institutional attributes were examined. Four competing factors guide the development of policy regarding an operational land remote sensing system and are summarized. The factors are: there is a need to boost U.S. experts in areas where the U.S. holds a technological lead; the need to develop user applications in developing countries on their terms coincides with foreign policy; developing countries desire to take control of their own development; and the U.S. government wants to enlist the participation of major companies in the management, operation, and ownership of the operational system.

Willard, M. R.

1980-01-01

181

Financial Market Efficiency in a Developing Economy : The Turkish Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The primary,objective of this paper,is to test informational,efficiency of the,financial market in a developing country, namely Turkey. Semi-strong form efficiency in stock market, foreign exchange market and interbank money market is investigated by

Ercan Balaban; Kursat Kunter

1996-01-01

182

Does the housing market respond to information disclosure?: effects of toxicity indices in Japan.  

PubMed

The policy instruments that provide information on a firm's or facility's environmental performance, such as the U.S. Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) and the Pollutant Release and Transfer Register system (PRTRs) used in some European countries and Japan, play an important role in encouraging firms or facilities to improve their environmental performance, if investors, consumers and residents recognize their environmental performance. This study uses a hedonic approach to explore how the Japanese rental housing market responds to carcinogenic risk arising from releases and transfers of chemical substances produced and used at close facilities. We found that residents do not perceive carcinogenic risk generated more than 1.0 km away from their residence and that they seem to recognize the increased carcinogenic risk at distances from 0.5 km to 1.0 km away; a 1% increase in carcinogenic risk reduces the average rent by 0.0007%. The distance at which residents perceive the risk arising from such facilities is less than in previous studies. This suggests that the risk perception recognized in previous studies may capture the other externalities in addition to the chemical risk because the risk is measured by the distance. PMID:20855148

Hibiki, Akira; Managi, Shunsuke

2011-01-01

183

Developing a Municipal Fair Housing and Land Use Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research focuses on the applicability of the federal Fair Housing Act to the practice of municipal land use planning and zoning and examines how this relationship can inform a curriculum intended for municipal authorities on their responsibilities under the Act. The purpose of the Fair Housing Act is to provide equal access to housing through desegregation and non-discrimination. Historically,

Ethan Parsons

2008-01-01

184

Development of Basic Housing Systems for Maximum Affordability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to provide safe, habitable, comfortable housing for very low income residents within the target budget of $10,000 presents unique design and construction challenges. However, a number of preliminary conclusions have been inferred as being important concepts relative to the study of affordable housing. The term affordable housing can have many meanings and research is needed to define this

H. Aglan; A. Gibbons; T. M. McQueen; C. Morris; J. Raines; R. L. Wendt

1999-01-01

185

Marketing: Putting People in the Process. White House Conference on Library and Information Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that some public, school, law, academic, and special libraries have adopted marketing as a management tool, this paper begins by discussing marketing principles as defined by the American Marketing Association (AMA). Librarians are advised to center their marketing activities around what is known as the "4 P's" of marketing: Product, Price,…

Leisner, Anthony

186

Usability evaluation of in-housed developed ERP system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Enterprise Resource Planning systems are the combination of different business IS (Information System) applications that are designed according to the organization requirements. Generally ERP systems are suffering from complex user interface issues. Recent research shows that there is a need for improvement concerning, the user interface from their perspectives. In order to design the software applications that are easy to use, memorize and apply to new problems, we must know the users philosophy and something about learning, reminiscence and problems solving. The Usability engineering is the only way to study the deeds of users while interacting with ERP (Enterprise Resource & Planning). This paper will focus on the users' experiences view of financial module in ERP system. The HCI research method, explicitly survey questionnaire method was adopted to gather users understanding in order to evaluate the selected modules for in-housed ERP system. The study involved group of users from two industries, the results can not be generalized as a whole. The study was first time successfully applied Usability evaluation on in-housed ERP in local industry (Masood Textile Mills, Interloop Ltd) in Pakistan. The results may hopefully opened-up an area of research and methodology that could provide considerable further benefits to Industry in developments of Industrial information systems.

Faisal, Chaudhry Muhammad Nadeem; Shakeel Faridi, Muhammad; Javed, Zahid

2011-10-01

187

Space market model development project, phase 3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a research project investigating information needs for space commercialization is described. The Space Market Model Development Project (SMMDP) was designed to help NASA identify the information needs of the business community and to explore means to meet those needs. The activity of the SMMDP is reviewed and a report of its operation via three sections is presented. The first part contains a brief historical review of the project since inception. The next part reports results of Phase 3, the most recent stage of activity. Finally, overall conclusions and observations based on the SMMDP research results are presented.

Bishop, Peter C.; Hamel, Gary P.

1989-01-01

188

An analysis of stock market efficiency: Developed vs Islamic stock markets using MF-DFA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient market has been theoretically proven to be a key component for effective and efficient resource allocation in an economy. This paper incorporates econophysics with Efficient Market Hypothesis to undertake a comparative analysis of Islamic and developed countries’ markets by extending the understanding of their multifractal nature. By applying the Multifractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MFDFA) we calculated the generalized Hurst exponents, multifractal scaling exponents and generalized multifractal dimensions for 22 broad market indices. The findings provide a deeper understanding of the markets in Islamic countries, where they have traces of highly efficient performance particularly in crisis periods. A key finding is the empirical evidence of the impact of the ‘stage of market development’ on the efficiency of the market. If Islamic countries aim to improve the efficiency of resource allocation, an important area to address is to focus, among others, on enhancing the stage of market development.

Rizvi, Syed Aun R.; Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Bacha, Obiyathulla I.; Masih, Mansur

189

DCU Business School Marketing and Development Officer (Grade V)  

E-print Network

intranet · Organising online marketing campaigns such as Google ad words · Monitoring DCUBS presenceDCU Business School Marketing and Development Officer (Grade V) (Two year contract) An innovative and society. Advertisement DCU Business School invites applications for the post of Marketing and Development

Humphrys, Mark

190

A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana  

E-print Network

A Market Based Strategy for Rural Development In Northwest Louisiana: Maximizing Opportunities Through Value- Added Forest Products Industries Conducted by: Forest Products Marketing Program Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station Louisiana State University

191

The impact of news, oil prices, and global market developments on Russian financial markets 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThis paper analyses the impact of news, oil prices, and international financial market developments on daily returns on Russian bond and stock markets. First, regarding returns, energy news affects returns, while news from the war in Chechnya is not significant. Market volatility does not appear to be sensitive to either type of news. Second, a significant effect of the growth

Bernd Hayo; Ali M. Kutan

2005-01-01

192

The Impact of News, Oil Prices, and Global Market Developments on Russian Financial Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the impact of news, oil prices, and international financial market developments on daily returns on Russian bond and stock markets. First, regarding returns, energy news affects returns, while news from the war in Chechnya is not significant. Market volatility does not appear to be sensitive to either type of news. Second, a significant effect of the growth

Bernd Hayo; Ali M. Kutan

2004-01-01

193

76 FR 73988 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-08] Redelegation...Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987 AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...Section 561 of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1987, the Fair Housing...

2011-11-29

194

Developing more effective social marketing strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The reason for this paper is to better understand why many social marketing campaigns produce poor results and to propose a model to guide social marketing strategic planning to improve program outcomes. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This is a conceptual paper which discusses a new social marketing model to remove upstream causes of target social problems. Findings – It appears

Walter Wymer

2011-01-01

195

Directory of Minority Housing and Community Development Researchers: A First Step Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of a directory of minority researchers in the field of housing and community development. Summarizes data from the directory and calls for increased communication among minority urban researchers in order to develop neighborhood level self-help strategies for improving housing conditions in minority communities. (GC)

Abdul-Karim, Brian Z.; West, Emory J.

1982-01-01

196

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items  

E-print Network

HOUSE ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT SUBCOMMITTEE ACTION on FY 2009 Budget for fusion related items June 23, 2008 Last week the House Energy and Water Development Subcommittee completed its action on their version of the FY09 Energy and Water Development bill. The draft report language is below. The full

197

Extending the physical and cultural boundaries of affordable housing : a reconfiguration of the Franklin Field Public Housing Development  

E-print Network

Public housing is in a state of revision. Changes in attitude and approach to housing low-income people, evident in housing reform, are challenging the standard which public housing has come to represent. After years of ...

Makuku, Owiso A. (Owiso Atsali), 1968-

1999-01-01

198

GRADUATE FACULTY-STUDENT PROJECT: School of Management Development Office: Marketing and Development Intern  

E-print Network

online solutions. SKILLS NEEDED: excellent information systems and marketing knowledge; strong written online solutions. SKILLS NEEDED: excellent information systems and marketing knowledge; strong written GRADUATE FACULTY-STUDENT PROJECT: School of Management Development Office: Marketing

Suzuki, Masatsugu

199

ADVANCED WASTE TREATMENT FOR HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Treatment of wastewater from a subdivision in a physical-chemical treatment plant (screening, chemical coagulation, sedimentation, filtration, carbon adsorption, chlorination) was evaluated. The 190 cu m/day (50,000 gal/day) plant was housed in the shell of a standard house on a ...

200

Developing a Marketing Strategy for Nonprofit Organizations: An Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nonprofit organizations have grown tremendously in the last three decades. With this growth has come a greater interest from the nonprofit sector in the importance of marketing. Nonprofits did not apply marketing techniques until 1960–1970, but it is now a well accepted practice. Traditional marketing strategies do not work for nonprofit organizations, and this study proposes the development of a

Jennifer A. Pope; Elaine Sterrett Isely

2009-01-01

201

Development of Balancing Markets in the West Status Report  

E-print Network

­ not a centralized market · Target implementation mid-2011Development of Balancing Markets in the West ­ Status Report Wally Gibson Power Committee Missoula, Montana January 11, 2011 #12;January 11, 2011 2 Overview · Why balancing markets? · Related 6th Power Plan

202

URBAN HOUSING MARKETS IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: CONVERGENCE, DIVERGENCE OR POLICY 'COLLAPSE'  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is on the effects of housing privatization reforms in Central and Eastern Europe in the 1990s in the context of policy formulation, implementation and evaluation. The paper analyses the similarities and differences between Central and Eastern European countries in the process of housing privatization as a consequence of the specific historical 'pathdependency' process, economic and

Natasha Pichler-Milanovich

2001-01-01

203

Cogeneration development and market potential in China  

SciTech Connect

China`s energy production is largely dependent on coal. China currently ranks third in global CO{sub 2} emissions, and rapid economic expansion is expected to raise emission levels even further in the coming decades. Cogeneration provides a cost-effective way of both utilizing limited energy resources and minimizing the environmental impacts from use of fossil fuels. However, in the last 10 years state investments for cogeneration projects in China have dropped by a factor of 4. This has prompted this study. Along with this in-depth analysis of China`s cogeneration policies and investment allocation is the speculation that advanced US technology and capital can assist in the continued growth of the cogeneration industry. This study provides the most current information available on cogeneration development and market potential in China.

Yang, F.; Levine, M.D.; Naeb, J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Xin, D. [State Planning Commission of China, Beijing, BJ (China). Energy Research Inst.

1996-05-01

204

Authentication System for Electrical Charging of Electrical Vehicles in the Housing Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently the smart grid has been a hot issue in the research area. The Electric Vehicle (EV) is the most important component in the Smart Grid, having a role of the battery component with high capacity. We have thought how to introduce the EV in the housing development, and for proper operation of the smart grid systems in the housing area the authentication system is essential for the individual houses. We propose an authentication system to discriminate an individual houses, so that the account management component can appropriately operate the electrical charging and billing in the housing estate. The proposed system has an architecture to integrate the charging system outside a house and the monitoring system inside a house.

Song, Wang-Cheol

205

An in-house developed resettable MOSFET dosimeter for radiotherapy.  

PubMed

The purpose of this note is to report the feasibility and clinical validation of an in-house developed MOSFET dosimetry system and describe an integrated non-destructive reset procedure. Off-the-shelf MOSFETs are connected to a common PC using an 18 bit/analogue-input and 16 bit/output data acquisition card. A reading algorithm was developed defining the zero-temperature-coefficient point (ZTC) to determine the threshold voltage. A wireless interface was established for ease of use. The reset procedure consists of an internal circuit generating a local heating induced by an electrical current. Sensitivity has been investigated as a function of bias voltage (0-9 V) to the gate. Dosimetric properties have been evaluated for 6 MV and 15 MV clinical photon beams and in vivo benchmarking was performed against thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD) for conventional treatments (two groups of ten patients for each energy) and total body irradiation (TBI). MOSFETS were pre-irradiated with 20 Gy. Sensitivity of 0.08 mV cGy(-1) can be obtained for 200 cGy irradiations at 5 V bias voltage. Ten consecutive measurements at 200 cGy yield a SD of 2.08 cGy (1.05%). Increasing the dose in steps from 5 cGy to 1000 cGy yields a 1.00 Pearson correlation coefficient and agreement within 2.0%. Dose rate dependence (160-800 cGy min(-1)) was within 2.5%, temperature dependence within 2.0% (25-37 degrees C). A strong angular dependence has been observed for gantry incidences exceeding +/-30 degrees C. Dose response is stable up to 50 Gy (saturation occurs at approximately 90 Gy), which is used as threshold dose before resetting the MOSFET. An average measured-over-calculated dose ratio within 1.05 (SD: 0.04) has been obtained in vivo. TBI midplane-dose assessed by entrance and exit dose measurements agreed within 1.9% with ionization chamber in phantom, and within 1.0% with TLD in vivo. An in-house developed resettable MOSFET-based dosimetry system is proposed. The system has been validated and is currently used for in vivo entrance dose measurement in clinical routine for simple (open field) treatment configurations. PMID:20090184

Verellen, Dirk; Van Vaerenbergh, Sven; Tournel, Koen; Heuninckx, Karina; Joris, Laurent; Duchateau, Michael; Linthout, Nadine; Gevaert, Thierry; Reynders, Truus; Van de Vondel, Iwein; Coppens, Luc; Depuydt, Tom; De Ridder, Mark; Storme, Guy

2010-02-21

206

Developing the Green House Nursing Care Team: Variations on Development and Implementation  

PubMed Central

Purpose of the Study: A core component of the Green House nursing home model is an altered supervisory relationship between the nurse and direct care workers. Some have expressed concern that the Green House model might weaken professional nursing oversight, threatening the quality of clinical care. This qualitative research study explores the role of the nurse as implemented in the Green House model, focusing on how variations in the nursing team influence clinical care practices. Design and Methods: Dimensional analysis, a “second generation” grounded theory methodology, was used to conduct this study. Data were collected through observations and interviews with 37 nurses, 68 CNAs, and 11 Guides working at 11 Green House sites. Results: Implementation of the nursing role within the Green House model varied both within and across sites. Four nursing model types were identified: Traditional, Visitor, Parallel, and Integrated. Care processes, CNA/Shahbaz skill development, and worker stress varied with each nursing model. Implications: Government policies have been enacted to support culture change. However, there is currently little guidance for regulators, providers, or consumers regarding variability in how culture change practices are implemented and consequences of these variations. This article outlines the importance of understanding these practices at a level of detail that distinguishes and supports those that are most promising. PMID:24443606

Bowers, Barbara J.

2014-01-01

207

Market orientation, brand investment, new service development, market position and performance for service organisations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how three marketing-related sources of advantage – market orientation, new service development and brand investment – contribute to service firm performance by operationalising the sources-position-performance framework in a multi-sector sample of service organisations. New service development and brand investment are found to contribute to the attainment of positional advantage and thence to performance. Market orientation, when considered

Sheelagh Matear; Brendan J. Gray; Tony Garrett

2004-01-01

208

The House in the Market: Kinship, Status, and Memory among Q'eqchi' Market Women in San Juan Chamelco, Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation explores how Q’eqchi’ market women in San Juan Chamelco, Guatemala use capitalist exchange spheres to generate personhood, persons, and kinship. Women use local kin categories to establish themselves as marketers and construct themselves as persons of stature in their local social hierarchy. I argue that the Q’eqchi’ define kinship according to the local category of the junkab’al or

Sarah Ashley Kistler

2007-01-01

209

Computer-based support for marketing strategy development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on an investigation of computer-based support for developing marketing strategy. First, on the basis of a literature study, the nature of marketing strategy development is clarified. The needs for computer-based support are identified. The status and underlying problems of existing computer-based information systems for developing marketing strategy are then examined. Finally, a mail questionnaire survey on computer-based support for

Shuliang Li; Russell Kinman; Yanqing Duan; John S. Edwards

2000-01-01

210

Housing Quality and Access to Material and Learning Resources within the Home Environment in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined home environment conditions (housing quality, material resources, formal and informal learning materials) and their relations with the Human Development Index (HDI) in 28 developing countries. Home environment conditions in these countries varied widely. The quality of housing and availability of material resources at home were…

Bradley, Robert H.; Putnick, Diane L.

2012-01-01

211

Analysis of The Housing Market in the Metropolitan Areas in the United States  

E-print Network

. Next, the impact of credit constraint on the house prices is examined with the stochastic components of the price series being considered. Both a simulation technique and a DAG approach are employed. The resulting causal pattern shows that credit...

Li, Yarui

2013-12-04

212

76 FR 60967 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program and Moderate Rehabilitation Single...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...to Marie L. Lihn or Peter B. Kahn, Economic and Market Analysis Division, Office of Economic Affairs, Office of Policy Development...become so in the future as the social and economic integration of the CBSA component areas...

2011-09-30

213

Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control  

MedlinePLUS

... Officer Office of Economic Resilience Community Planning and Development Office of Hearings and Appeals Congressional and Intergovernmental ... of Strategic Planning & Management Equal Employment Opportunity Policy Development and Research Fair Housing / Equal Opportunity Public Affairs ...

214

Market development potential for photovoltaics: a review of recent research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ten recent studies of the market development potential for photovoltaic electricity generation are reviewed. The studies examine the assumed conditions and trends under which market development will occur, the present barriers to penetration, and the role of photovoltaics in the US energy outlook. Each study is examined in terms of the methodology employed, the assumptions made, and the conclusions reached.

J. Dernburg; D. DePaso; C. Fenton

1981-01-01

215

Understanding MBA Consumer Needs and the Development of Marketing Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to develop marketing strategies in higher education is evident. In order to develop effective strategies, marketers must understand the basic needs that their product fulfills. Exploratory research was utilized to identify and better understand the needs that motivate consumers to pursue an MBA degree. This paper emphasizes the importance…

Dailey, Lynn; Anderson, Murphy; Ingenito, Cristina; Duffy, David; Krimm, Paul; Thomson, Scott

2006-01-01

216

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits,...

2010-01-01

217

Cultivar evaluation for hoop house grown onions  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Oklahoma onions are produced for the fresh market using a combination of short and intermediate day cultivars. Recently developed hoop house transplant production techniques enable local production of cultivars not available as transplants elsewhere. Several new intermediate cultivars have product...

218

Essays in credit markets and development economics  

E-print Network

Chapter 1 (co-authored with Ali Choudhary) exploits exogenous variation in the amount of public information available to banks about a firm to empirically evaluate the importance of adverse selection in the credit market. ...

Jain, Anil Kumar

2014-01-01

219

House Appropriations Committee'Report FY04 Energy and Water Development Act  

E-print Network

House Appropriations Committee'Report FY04 Energy and Water Development Act Fusion with the recommendation of the House-passed National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004, the Committee on the NIF project and expects NNSA to focus on the core NIF projdct to maintain cost and schedule

220

Disasters and development in agricultural input markets: bean seed markets in Honduras after Hurricane Mitch.  

PubMed

The bulk of developing countries' populations and poor depend on agriculture for food and income. While rural economies and people are generally the most severely affected by natural disasters, little is known about how disasters and subsequent relief activities affect agricultural markets with differing levels of development. The article addresses this gap, drawing evidence from bean seed markets in Honduras after Hurricane Mitch. Case studies are used to address hypotheses about a disaster's effects on supply and demand in seed markets, farmers' responses and the performance of relief interventions in markets showing differing levels of development. The results show the importance of tailoring relief interventions to the markets that they will affect and to the specific effects of a disaster; the potential to use local and emerging seed distribution channels in a relief intervention; and opportunities for relief activities to strengthen community seed systems. PMID:12825438

Mainville, Denise Y

2003-06-01

221

The Effects of Low Income Housing Tax Credit Developments on Neighborhoods  

PubMed Central

This paper evaluates the impacts of new housing developments funded with the Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), the largest federal project based housing program in the U.S., on the neighborhoods in which they are built. A discontinuity in the formula determining the magnitude of tax credits as a function of neighborhood characteristics generates pseudo-random assignment in the number of low income housing units built in similar sets of census tracts. Tracts where projects are awarded 30 percent higher tax credits receive approximately six more low income housing units on a base of seven units per tract. These additional new low income developments cause homeowner turnover to rise, raise property values in declining areas and reduce incomes in gentrifying areas in neighborhoods near the 30th percentile of the income distribution. LIHTC units significantly crowd out nearby new rental construction in gentrifying areas but do not displace new construction in stable or declining areas. PMID:24235779

Baum-Snow, Nathaniel; Marion, Justin

2013-01-01

222

76 FR 73989 - Redelegation of Authority Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5544-D-09] Redelegation...Under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...under Section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 and HUD's...

2011-11-29

223

Housing breeding mice in three different IVC systems: maternal performance and pup development.  

PubMed

A proper cage environment is essential for the welfare of laboratory mice, especially for females during the energy demanding lactation period and for pups during early development and growth. The most common housing system for laboratory mice is individually ventilated cages (IVCs) of which there are different layouts and ventilation strategies available on the market. The present study investigates the impact of cage environment in three different IVC types, on the maternal performance of females, and pup development and growth in C57BL/6NCrl and Crl:NMRI Foxn1 (nu) mice. The results show differences in in-cage climate, female body weight, pup growth, feed and water consumption, and nest quality between cage types. There was a distinct effect of genotype in these differences, with the main effects found in NMRI NU mice. The results indicate that IVC systems might need to be managed differently for mice of different types and/or different physiological status. Many of the differences seen between cage systems could be drawn to the physical construction of the cage, such as location of feed hopper and location of air inlet and outlet. In conclusion, IVC in-cage climate affects the maternal performance of female mice and pup growth, but with differences between the two strains tested. PMID:24759571

Spangenberg, Emf; Wallenbeck, A; Eklöf, A-C; Carlstedt-Duke, J; Tjäder, S

2014-04-23

224

Marketing strategy and customer involvement in product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate the impact of a firm's marketing strategy on involving customers in new product development. Special attention is to be paid to three facets of a marketing strategy: product differentiation, competitor orientation and brand profiling emphasis. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey with quantitative questionnaires was used in the context of relationships between Norwegian suppliers and

Mons Freng Svendsen; Sven A. Haugland; Kjell Grønhaug; Trond Hammervoll

2011-01-01

225

Developing a Marketing Strategy for Adult and Continuing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this report aimed to develop an effective and affordable educational marketing strategy in one local British continuing education provider, as a case study for adult and continuing education nationally. Methods employed were as follows: a marketing consultant visited education centers; business and community directories…

Further Education Unit, London (England).

226

Marketing and Its Effects on Student Development Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the intended outcomes of marketing (e.g., attracting new students who differ from the traditional ones and who require different programs and services) and discusses the resultant problems for student development programs. Presents strategies for preventing these problems, founded on careful, knowledge-based planning of marketing and…

Creamer, Don G.; Akins, E. G.

1981-01-01

227

ORGANIC MEAT: MARKET DEVELOPMENT AND CONSUMER WILLINGNESS TO PAY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter provides an overview on the evolution of global market demand for organic meat and factors affecting it. Future prospects for development of organic meat consumptions and possible problems concerning trading are analysed. The price that people are willing to pay is the major determinant of the market share of organic meat. Although intent to purchase depends upon the

Michael Nelson; Ivan Artamova; Fabio Napolitano; Antonio Girolami; Ada Braghieri

228

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to...

2010-04-01

229

24 CFR 1000.42 - Are the requirements of section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01...section 3 of the Housing and Urban Development Act of 1968 applicable? 1000...Section 1000.42 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO...

2011-04-01

230

7 CFR 915.45 - Production research, marketing research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Production research, marketing research and development. 915.45 Section...Order Regulating Handling Research and Development § 915.45 Production research, marketing research and development. The committee...

2011-01-01

231

The development of a green certificate market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liberalizing the electricity industry and attempting to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases are the two dominant trends in European energy policy. The last-mentioned issue might require the contribution from renewable energy technologies, but at present most renewables cannot compete on their own with conventional technologies. Thus, it can be expected that if renewables must compete solely on market conditions

P. E. Morthorst

2000-01-01

232

Global Tendencies in Investment Funds Market Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the issue of the main trends registered by the mutual funds industry during the last 5 years. First, we discuss the evolution of the mutual fund market and we identify that the recent economic contraction has imposed the reorientation of the investment funds and its investors to other alternatives. Then, the global review presents four of

Ioan E. NISTOR; Ioana RADU

2011-01-01

233

Marketing Curriculum Development: Model and Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

Curriculum review has always been a critical task in education, especially in a dynamic discipline like marketing. Because this problem will become even more critical in the future due to demographic changes and rising accreditation standards in universities, new methods of reviewing curriculum need to be explored. For this reason, a model was designed that can be applied to any

John M. Schleede; Lawrence R. Lepisto

1984-01-01

234

Development of Local Government Debt Financing Markets: Application of a Market-Based Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Needed is clear guidance on how to develop market-based debt financing systems in transitional and developing countries. We propose an analytical framework useful for identifying constraints to financial development and providing recommendations to overcome constraints to develop municipal financing capacity. The proposed framework is applied to five country case studies: Indonesia, Mexico, Philippines, Poland, and South Africa. The thesis of

CHRISTINE R. MARTELL; GEORGE M. GUESS

2006-01-01

235

Flood Hazards and Urban Housing Markets: The Effects of Katrina on New Orleans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impacts on consumers’ willingness to pay for certain characteristics of housing in greater New Orleans\\u000a before and after the flooding of Hurricane Katrina. Single-family home sales from January 2004 to August 2006 are collected\\u000a and used in a hedonic price function to estimate the changes in the value of amenities, and structural, neighborhood and geographic\\u000a characteristics,

Russell McKenzie; John Levendis

2010-01-01

236

75 FR 38514 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Challenge Planning Grants and the Department of Transportation's TIGER II Planning Grants Correction In notice document 2010-15353 beginning on page 36246 in the issue of Thursday, June 24,...

2010-07-02

237

An evaluation of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work voucher program  

E-print Network

Since implementation nearly 10 years ago there has been limited research into the outcomes of the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development's Moving to Work rental subsidy program. The Congressionally ...

Mahdavi, Pedram

2009-01-01

238

DEVELOPMENT OF ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR SPECIFIC LAWN- APPLIED PESTICIDES IN HOUSE DUST  

EPA Science Inventory

Many pesticides have been developed for residential outdoor application, particularly for lawn care. Residues from these applications may be tracked into the home, where they become incorporated with house dust and persist for long periods of time. Consequently, potential human...

239

Space market model development project, phase 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the prototype operations of the Space Business Information Center are presented. A clearinghouse for space business information for members of the U.S. space industry composed of public, private, and academic sectors was conducted. Behavioral and evaluation statistics were recorded from the clearinghouse and the conclusions from these statistics are presented. Business guidebooks on major markets in space business are discussed. Proprietary research and briefings for firms and agencies in the space industry are also discussed.

Bishop, Peter C.

1988-01-01

240

file:///S:/WebArchive/Research/studies/Retire2/retir2c.htm Seniors and the South Carolina Housing Market  

E-print Network

file:///S:/WebArchive/Research/studies/Retire2/retir2c.htm Seniors and the South Carolina Housing Market Submitted to The South Carolina Center for Applied Real Estate Education and Research (CAREER University of South Carolina and Frank Hefner College of Charleston March 1999 Executive Summary This study

Almor, Amit

241

How Important are Oil and Money Shocks in Explaining Housing Market Fluctuations in an Oil-exporting Country?: Evidence from Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the effects of oil price and monetary shocks on the Iranian housing market in a Bayesian SVAR framework. The prior information for the contemporaneous identification of the SVAR model is derived from standard economic theory. To deal with uncertainty in the identification schemes, I calculate posterior model probabilities for the SVAR model identified by a different set

Nasser Khiabani

2010-01-01

242

Wine tourism development and marketing strategies in Southwest Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This research investigated wine tourism development and marketing in southwest Michigan, a longtime viticultural, but emerging wine tourism region. The aims involved discovering the motivations, expectations, and successes of Southwest Michigan Wine Trail member wineries in developing horizontal and vertical alliances. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with individuals in charge of the wineries’ marketing activities (i.e.

Astrid Wargenau; Deborah Che

2006-01-01

243

Resident health advocates in public housing family developments.  

PubMed

Translation of research to practice often needs intermediaries to help the process occur. Our Prevention Research Center has identified a total of 89 residents of public housing in the last 11 years who have been working in the Resident Health Advocate (RHA) program to engage residents in improving their own and other residents' health status by becoming trained in skills needed by community health workers. Future directions include training for teens to become Teen RHAs and further integration of our RHA program with changes in the health care system and in the roles of community health workers in general. PMID:25739061

Bowen, Deborah J; Bhosrekar, Sarah Gees; Rorie, Jo-Anna; Goodman, Rachel; Thomas, Gerry; Maxwell, Nancy Irwin; Smith, Eugenia

2015-01-01

244

NASA in-house Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) study report. Volume 1: Concept configuration definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of a NASA in-house team effort to develop a concept definition for a Commercially Developed Space Facility (CDSF) are presented. Science mission utilization definition scenarios are documented, the conceptual configuration definition system performance parameters qualified, benchmark operational scenarios developed, space shuttle interface descriptions provided, and development schedule activity was assessed with respect to the establishment of a proposed launch date.

Deryder, L. J.; Chiger, H. D.; Deryder, D. D.; Detweiler, K. N.; Dupree, R. L.; Gillespie, V. P.; Hall, J. B.; Heck, M. L.; Herrick, D. C.; Katzberg, S. J.

1989-01-01

245

How much choice is there in housing choice vouchers? Neighborhood risk and free market rental housing accessibility for active drug users in Hartford, Connecticut  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Since the mid-1970s, the dominant model for U.S. federal housing policy has shifted from unit-based programs to tenant based vouchers and certificates, intended to allow recipients a choice in their housing and neighborhoods. Surprisingly little research has examined the question of where those with Section 8 housing vouchers are able to live, but some research suggests that voucher holders

Julia B Dickson-Gomez; Ellen Cromley; Mark Convey; Helena Hilario

2009-01-01

246

H. R. 2746: This Act may be cited as the National Recycling Markets Act of 1991, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, June 25, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on June 25, 1991 to develop, assist, and stabilize recycling markets. Title I-Department of Commerce requirements addressed the following: Bureau of Recyclable Commodities; identification of grades for recovered materials and requirements to conform to such grades; periodic market analyses; reports of recycling capacity; assistance for recycling operations; minimum content standards; labeling requirements; plastics labeling requirements; promotion of opportunities in foreign markets; university recycling research centers; technical assistance for educational programs; recycling advisories; availability of information; and oversight by Inspector General. Title II-Environmental Protection Agency requirements addressed include the following: recycling rates; annual statistics on solid waste and other materials; government procurement of recycled goods; federal office source separation program; review of product specifications and standards; recycling advisories; availability of information; and oversight by Inspector General.

Not Available

1991-01-01

247

Development of Human Resources in Internal Labour Markets: Implications for Swedish Labour Market Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a consensus in most industrial societies today about the role of employment training and human competence development in workplaces as part of a national development strategy that attempts to thwart excessive labour market segmentation and to create jobs for the unemployed and career opportunities for currently low-paid and unskilled workers. Not least in Sweden, internal training is increasingly

Ake Dahlberg; Albert Tuijnman

1991-01-01

248

The Special Challenges of Offering Employment Programs in Culturally Diverse Communities: The Jobs-Plus Experience in Public Housing Developments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Immigration has made public housing populations increasingly diverse, a challenge met by administrators and staff at two housing developments participating in the Jobs-Plus Community Revitalization Initiative for Public Housing Families. Immigrants and refugees from Southeast Asia, East Africa, and Latin America have settled beside native-born…

Kato, Linda Yuriko

249

Electricity market reforms: Institutional developments, investment dynamics and game modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The reform trend of the 1990's in electricity markets recreates, to some extent, the institutional framework from which they developed one century ago. Although these reforms do not endeavor to completely remove regulation, the basic objectives of deregulation dwell on limiting central and governmental control over the industry in order to promote free competition at all possible levels. To assess whether the electricity industry is or is not moving back to a 19th century structure is not the goal of this thesis. We will rather try to understand on what grounds deregulation reforms stand and review how different countries and large utilities have reacted to this trend. The special nature of electricity (non-storable basic good, centrally produced) creates different obstacles in the restructuring of electricity markets, compared to other industries like the airline or telecommunication ones. For example, the dominant positions of some utilities, the production structure and the importance of electricity in modern life could transform these reforms in a threatening move for consumers. Another specific issue arising from deregulation, now that national energy policy goals no longer rule the behavior of utilities, is how investment will be coordinated in the new market. A key element to keep in sight is the competition level targeted by these reforms. To which extent full competition can really occur in electricity markets remains an unanswered question. Indeed, the oligopolistic structure of the market could prevent such an outcome. An investigation of the investment dynamics in such a context seems therefore appropriate, and this will be an important theme of the thesis. This work offers an analysis of deregulated electricity markets and studies the oligopolistic market dynamics that could prevail in the new structure. Two complementary approaches are used for these purposes. The first is institutional and presents a thorough illustration of the economic arguments advanced to support market reforms and an industry view of the actual strategic actions undertaken by important utilities. Legislative changes will be reviewed for different countries with a discussion on the assessment procedures for these reforms. A detailed example of the reform process in the Finnish electricity market is presented. The investment issue will emerge as an interesting challenge to focus on, due to its importance for the market. The second approach is more analytical and develops on the market equilibria that could result from the new structure. A dynamic model of investment for the electricity market is built and applied to the Finnish market. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Pineau, Pierre-Olivier

250

Lesotho Housing and Land Development Corporation Order, 1988 (No. 12 of 1988).  

PubMed

This Order establishes the Lesotho Housing and Land Development Corporation, managed by a Board of Directors appointed by the Minister of the Interior, Chieftainship Affairs, and Rural Development. The objectives of the Corporation are the following: "1) implementing on a self-financing basis a broad array of schemes including self-help housing, sites and services, land development, and cooperative housing; 2) assisting private parties to develop land and deliver housing; 3) engaging in the development and management of rental housing schemes where it is deemed to be in the economic interest of the Corporation to manage the property; 4) assisting in the mobilization of capital available to the shelter sector by emphasizing in its activities efficiency and cost recovery programs to ensure a good return on investment; 5) developing a longterm capital program that will assure the Corporation's continuing financial viability and ability to remain a vital participant in Lesotho's shelter sector." Further provisions of the Order deal with administration and membership of the Board, financing, accounts, and annual reports, among other things. PMID:12289134

1988-01-01

251

Developing Market Opportunities for Flexible Rooftop Applications of PV Using Flexible CIGS Technology: Market Considerations  

SciTech Connect

There has been a recent upsurge in developments for building-integrated phototovoltaics (BiPV) roof top materials based on CIGS. Several new companies have increased their presence and are looking to bring products to market for this application in 2011. For roof-top application, there are significant key requirements beyond just having good conversion efficiency. Other attributes include lightweight, as well as moisture-proof, and fully functionally reliable. The companies bringing these new BIPV/BAPV products need to ensure functionality with a rigorous series of tests, and have an extensive set of 'torture' tests to validate the capability. There is a convergence of form, aesthetics, and physics to ensure that the CIGS BiPV deliver on their promises. This article will cover the developments in this segment of the BiPV market and delve into the specific tests and measurements needed to characterize the products. The potential market sizes are evaluated and the technical considerations developed.

Sabnani, L.; Skumanich, A.; Ryabova, E.; Noufi, R.

2011-01-01

252

Modeling of market segmentation for new IT product development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Businesses from all Information Technology sectors use market segmentation[1] in their product development[2] and strategic planning[3]. Many studies have concluded that market segmentation is considered as the norm of modern marketing. With the rapid development of technology, customer needs are becoming increasingly diverse. These needs can no longer be satisfied by a mass marketing approach and follow one rule. IT Businesses can face with this diversity by pooling customers[4] with similar requirements and buying behavior and strength into segments. The result of the best choices about which segments are the most appropriate to serve can then be made, thus making the best of finite resources. Despite the attention which segmentation gathers and the resources that are invested in it, growing evidence suggests that businesses have problems operationalizing segmentation[5]. These problems take various forms. There may have been a rule that the segmentation process necessarily results in homogeneous groups of customers for whom appropriate marketing programs and procedures for dealing with them can be developed. Then the segmentation process, that a company follows, can fail. This increases concerns about what causes segmentation failure and how it might be overcome. To prevent the failure, we created a dynamic simulation model of market segmentation[6] based on the basic factors leading to this segmentation.

Nasiopoulos, Dimitrios K.; Sakas, Damianos P.; Vlachos, D. S.; Mavrogianni, Amanda

2015-02-01

253

The affordability of China's residential real estate market and opportunities for property developers  

E-print Network

China has the largest housing market in the world and the property market continues to advance at an astonishing pace. In 2009, 22.2% of China's RMB 19.3 trillion fixed asset investment and 17.9% of foreign direct investment ...

Lam, Terence T. (Terence Ting Yin)

2011-01-01

254

Multi-Year SSL Market Development Support Plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan sets out a strategic, five year framework for guiding DOE's market development support activities for high-performance solid-state lighting (SSL) products for the U.S. general illumination market. The market development support activities described in this plan, which span federal fiscal years 2012 to 2016, are intended to affect the types of SSL general illumination products adopted by the market, to accelerate commercial adoption of those products, and to support appropriate application of those products to maximize energy savings. DOE has established aggressive FY16 goals for these activities, including goals for the types of products brought to market, the market adoption of those products, and the energy savings achieved through use of SSL products. These goals are for the combined effect of DOE's SSL market development support and R and D investment, as well as the leveraged activities of its partners. Goals include: (1) inducing the market introduction of SSL products achieving 140 lumens per Watt (lm/W) for warm white products, and 155 lm/W for cool white products, and (2) inducing sales of high-performance SSL products that achieve annual site electricity savings of 21 terawatt hours (0.25 quadrillion Btus primary energy) by FY16. To overcome identified market barriers and to achieve the above five year goals, DOE proposes to carry out the following strategy. DOE will implement a multi-year program to accelerate adoption of good quality, high performance SSL products that achieve significant energy savings and maintain or improve lighting quality. Relying on lessons learned from past emerging technology introductions, such as compact fluorescent lamps, and using newly developed market research, DOE will design its efforts to minimize the likelihood that the SSL market will repeat mistakes that greatly delayed market adoption of earlier emerging technology market introductions. To achieve the maximum effect per dollar invested, DOE will work closely with lighting industry organizations 'such as the Next Generation Lighting Industry Alliance, North American Illuminating Engineering Society, and the International Association of Lighting Designers' and with other government programs seeking to improve lighting energy efficiency. While DOE will work closely with these organizations and others from lighting and electric utility industry, the program will focus primarily on assisting buyers of SSL products and others acting on their behalf because satisfied buyers are essential to the success of SSL market adoption. The work product of DOE's efforts will primarily be information, of the right type, at the right time, and provided efficiently to those who can best use it. A secondary work product of DOE's program will be market opportunities, in which DOE will seek to reduce the risks and costs for manufacturers of SSL products to sell good quality, high performance products to motivated buyers. In short, DOE plans to implement a multi-year program that produces highly useful and widely available information for buyers and their agents, while producing important market opportunities for producers, avoids the mistakes of the past, and is closely coordinated with industry and government. The market needs and the overall strategy were used for deciding which types of programs and projects DOE should create, and what general form they should take. Progress toward achieving plan goals with the above program elements will be monitored and periodically reported.

Ledbetter, Marc R.

2012-05-01

255

The development of a hybrid intelligent system for developing marketing strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the development of a hybrid intelligent system for developing marketing strategy is described. The hybrid system has been developed to: provide a logical process for strategic analysis; support group assessment of strategic marketing factors; help the coupling of strategic analysis with managerial intuition and judgement; help managers deal with uncertainty and fuzziness; and produce intelligent advice on

Shuliang Li

2000-01-01

256

Marketing Education (ME)--Curriculum Development and Business Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains 47 competitive events developed by 40 businesspeople who worked with 20 marketing education teachers. The events are intended for use at the Distributive Education Clubs of America State Career Development Conference. These events are divided into the following categories: advertising services; apparel and accessories;…

Wisconsin State Board of Vocational, Technical, and Adult Education, Madison.

257

DEVELOPMENT OF REINSURANCE MARKETS IN THE ECONOMIES IN TRANSITION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The present survey deals with the general development of the insurance markets of economies in transition with special emphasis on reinsurance. While it has not been possible to collect data for all countries of the region, which are of widely varying state of development, it is clear that the early stages of contraction in insurance activity are over and

Peter Falush

258

Teacher Labor Markets in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emiliana Vegas surveys strategies used by the world's developing countries to fill their classrooms with qualified teachers. With their low quality of education and wide gaps in student outcomes, schools in developing countries strongly resemble hard-to-staff urban U.S. schools. Their experience with reform may thus provide insights for U.S.…

Vegas, Emiliana

2007-01-01

259

Developing empirically supported theories of change for housing investment and health.  

PubMed

The assumption that improving housing conditions can lead to improved health may seem a self-evident hypothesis. Yet evidence from intervention studies suggests small or unclear health improvements, indicating that further thought is required to refine this hypothesis. Articulation of a theory can help avoid a black box approach to research and practice and has been advocated as especially valuable for those evaluating complex social interventions like housing. This paper presents a preliminary theory of housing improvement and health based on a systematic review conducted by the authors. Following extraction of health outcomes, data on all socio-economic impacts were extracted by two independent reviewers from both qualitative and quantitative studies. Health and socio-economic outcome data from the better quality studies (n = 23/34) were mapped onto a one page logic models by two independent reviewers and a final model reflecting reviewer agreement was prepared. Where there was supporting evidence of links between outcomes these were indicated in the model. Two models of specific improvements (warmth & energy efficiency; and housing led renewal), and a final overall model were prepared. The models provide a visual map of the best available evidence on the health and socio-economic impacts of housing improvement. The use of a logic model design helps to elucidate the possible pathways between housing improvement and health and as such might be described as an empirically based theory. Changes in housing factors were linked to changes in socio-economic determinants of health. This points to the potential for longer term health impacts which could not be detected within the lifespan of the evaluations. The developed theories are limited by the available data and need to be tested and refined. However, in addition to providing one page summaries for evidence users, the theory may usefully inform future research on housing and health. PMID:25461878

Thomson, Hilary; Thomas, Sian

2015-01-01

260

Taking the Evolutionary Road to Developing an In-House Cost Estimate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the process and some of the problems and challenges of developing an In-House Cost Estimate (IHCE). Using as an example the Space Network Ground Segment Sustainment (SGSS) project, the presentation reviews the phases for developing a Cost estimate within the project to estimate government and contractor project costs to support a budget request.

Jacintho, David; Esker, Lind; Herman, Frank; Lavaque, Rodolfo; Regardie, Myma

2011-01-01

261

Developing Measures of Job Performance for Support Staff in Housing Services for People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There is an absence of research concerning the assessment of housing support worker job performance, particularly in the development of job performance measures that reflect the priorities of people with intellectual disabilities and their families. Method: A worker-oriented job analysis method was used to develop four short job…

Hatton, Chris; Wigham, Sarah; Craig, Jaime

2009-01-01

262

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. (1) Borrowers...an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined...affirmative advertising and marketing program in which there are...disabilities by a sign showing the international symbol of...

2010-01-01

263

Developing Competitive and Sustainable Polish Generic Medicines Market  

PubMed Central

Aim To descriptively analyze the policy environment surrounding the Polish generic medicines retail market. Method The policy analysis was based on an international literature review. Also, a simulation exercise was carried out to compute potential savings from substituting generic for originator medicines in Poland using IMS Health pharmaceutical intelligence data. Results Poland has a mature, high-volume, low-value generic medicines market, primarily driven by the establishment of the reference price at the price of the cheapest medicine in combination with pricing regulation and the low level of medicine prices. The practice of discounting in the distribution chain implies that the National Health Fund and patients do not capture the potential savings from a generic medicines market where companies compete on price. This high-volume market has benefited in the past from the limited availability of originator medicines and a short data exclusivity period, even though there are no incentives for physicians to prescribe generic medicines and a financial disincentive for pharmacists to dispense generic medicines. Increased generic substitution would be expected to reduce public expenditure on originator medicines by 21%. Conclusion To develop a competitive and sustainable market, Poland needs to consider moving away from competition by discount to competition by price. This could be achieved by replacing maximum distribution margins by fixed margins. Also, Poland may wish to raise reference prices as a temporary measure to boost market entry for medicine classes with few generic medicines. PMID:19839067

Simoens, Steven

2009-01-01

264

Marketing energy-efficient solar houses: A method to locate and identify people who will buy energy-efficient solar houses, or related services  

SciTech Connect

Houses built in New England within the last six years, equal to or exceeding energy-efficiency standards from Energy Crafted Homes (ECH) or from DOE's Energy Star Homes are termed energy-efficient for this study. An assumption is that people who purchase houses being newly constructed may request special features including more energy-efficient features. The average house being constructed today is not as energy-efficient as it could easily be; therefore, owners of recently constructed energy-efficient houses may be termed early-adopters of an innovation. It has been demonstrated that early adopters have different personal attitudes and perceptions of an innovation compared to later-adopters. Both types of adopters--owners of recently constructed energy-efficient or energy-inefficient houses, have been surveyed in New England to determine whether their differences are significant enough to be used in identifying future potential early-adopters. Solar houses also are usually energy-efficient, and should be termed an innovation.

D'Alessio, G.

1999-07-01

265

Community Work Development: A Marketing Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is concerned with developing community-based work for persons with disabilities, particularly disabled workers in segregated settings and individuals who are considered not yet ready for or capable of work. The first part of the publication deals with the following topics: the concepts of community, work, and severe disabilities; the…

Como, Perry; Hagner, David

266

Drug Development: From Concept to Marketing!  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drug development is an expensive, long and high-risk business taking 10–15 years and is associated with a high attrition rate. It is driven by medical need, disease prevalence and the likelihood of success. Drug candidate selection is an iterative process between chemistry and biology, refining the molecular properties until a compound suitable for advancing to man is found. Typically, about

Nihad A. M. Tamimi; Peter Ellis

2009-01-01

267

Cutting energy costs in multifamily housing: Practical case studies for the builder and developer  

SciTech Connect

This book is based on an expert evaluation of nine existing and three proposed multifamily housing projects across the US. The existing buildings include three lowrise projects (three to four stories), six midrises (five to seven stories), and three highrise buildings (nine to thirty-nine stories). Two projects were designed and built in the late 1950's, two in the late 1960's, and five late in the ''energy-crisis'' of the 1970's. The existing projects range from municipally subsidized elderly housing, to HUD Section-8 suburban developments, to luxury urban highrise buildings. The three ''future'' buildings, designed by the NAHB research team, were based on trends anticipated in the multifamily industry by IREM and NAHB leaders, over the next five years. The key trends identified were: downsizing of units (by 10 to 20%); increased project size (in number of units), denser developments (more midrise and highrise projects), and increased amenities - all in the context of more affordable housing.

Whiddon, W.I.

1986-01-01

268

Housing quality and access to material and learning resources within the home environment in developing countries.  

PubMed

This study examined home environment conditions (housing quality, material resources, formal and informal learning materials) and their relations with the Human Development Index (HDI) in 28 developing countries. Home environment conditions in these countries varied widely. The quality of housing and availability of material resources at home were consistently tied to HDI; the availability of formal and informal learning materials a little less so. Gross domestic product (GDP) tended to show a stronger independent relation with housing quality and material resources than life expectancy and education. Formal learning resources were independently related to the GDP and education indices, and informal learning resources were not independently related to any constituent indices of the overall HDI. PMID:22277008

Bradley, Robert H; Putnick, Diane L

2012-01-01

269

Promoting health and advancing development through improved housing in low-income settings.  

PubMed

There is major untapped potential to improve health in low-income communities through improved housing design, fittings, materials and construction. Adverse effects on health from inadequate housing can occur through a range of mechanisms, both direct and indirect, including as a result of extreme weather, household air pollution, injuries or burns, the ingress of disease vectors and lack of clean water and sanitation. Collaborative action between public health professionals and those involved in developing formal and informal housing could advance both health and development by addressing risk factors for a range of adverse health outcomes. Potential trade-offs between design features which may reduce the risk of some adverse outcomes whilst increasing the risk of others must be explicitly considered. PMID:23271143

Haines, Andy; Bruce, Nigel; Cairncross, Sandy; Davies, Michael; Greenland, Katie; Hiscox, Alexandra; Lindsay, Steve; Lindsay, Tom; Satterthwaite, David; Wilkinson, Paul

2013-10-01

270

House doctor: curriculum development, training and application. Semi-annual progress report  

SciTech Connect

Under the program, House doctor: curriculum development, training, and application, The Neighborhood Institute (TNI) is developing an energy auditor training curriculum package, training a three person team of energy auditors, and auditing/retrofitting 100 dwelling units. This program is utilizing the House Doctor energy auditing building retrofitting program which recommends what should be done to save energy and provides for the immediate correction of residential buildings' various energy problems. Making these corrections results in a 20% average savings on space heating costs. To fulfill the training needs and to provide the benefits of House Doctoring, the trained team of technicians will audit and remedy the energy defects of 100 South Shore (Chicago) dwelling units.

Not Available

1982-06-04

271

Risk Behavior and Perception Among Youths Residing in Urban Public Housing Developments  

PubMed Central

The scientific literature and popular media suggest that variations in housing structure and neighborhood influence risk behaviors among youths living in low-income urban communities. To explore the importance of these factors on early sexual intercourse, substance use, drug trafficking, and school truancy, data from a community-based survey, conducted in six public housing developments in a major eastern metropolis, were analyzed. The survey group consisted of 300 youths aged 9 through 15 years. There were minimal differences in three potential mediators of risk behaviors (e.g., perceived social support, parenting style, and perceived risk exposure) and in self-reported adolescent risk behaviors among youths residing in different housing developments and between youths residing in high-rise and in low-rise structures. These findings do not support the hypothesis that within a risk-dense low-income environment, variations in building structure or in neighborhood are associated with differences in adolescent risk behaviors. PMID:19313105

Li, Xiaoming; Stanton, Bonita; Black, Maureen M.; Romer, Daniel; Ricardo, Izabel; Kaljee, Linda

1994-01-01

272

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents' energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today's results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

273

Final report on implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments  

SciTech Connect

This report on the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments represents an initiative of the Research and Education Division, Office of Minority Economic Impact, US Department of Energy. The Office of Minority Economic Impact (MI) was created by Congress in 1979, within the US Department of Energy, to afford the Secretary advice on the effect policies, regulations and other actions of DOE respecting minority participation in energy programs. The Director of MI is responsible for the conduct of ongoing research into the effects, including socio-economic and environmental, of national energy programs, policies, and regulations of the Department of minorities. Public housing in the United States is dominated by minorities, public housing is a large consumer of residential energy. Consequently, this project is a logical merging of these two factors and an attempt to somehow influence energy savings through improving public housing residents` energy-consumption practices. This final report attempts to capture the results of this current demonstration, and incorporate the historical basis for today`s results by renewing the efforts that preceded the implementation of energy conservation practices training in selected public housing developments.

Not Available

1991-10-01

274

An elementary non-constructive proof of the non-emptiness of the core of the Housing Market of Shapley and Scarf  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shapley and Scarf, by using the theory of balanced games, prove, in a well-known paper of 1974 (Journal of Mathematical Economics, 1, 23–28), the non-emptiness of the core of the Housing Market. The present paper provides a non-constructive, simple and short proof that gives some intuition about how blocking can be done by players who have not traded.

Marilda Sotomayor

2005-01-01

275

Teacher labor markets in developing countries.  

PubMed

Emiliana Vegas surveys strategies used by the world's developing countries to fill their classrooms with qualified teachers. With their low quality of education and wide gaps in student outcomes, schools in developing countries strongly resemble hard-to-staff urban U.S. schools. Their experience with reform may thus provide insights for U.S. policymakers. Severe budget constraints and a lack of teacher training capacity have pushed developing nations to try a wide variety of reforms, including using part-time or assistant teachers, experimenting with pay incentives, and using school-based management. The strategy of hiring teachers with less than full credentials has had mixed results. One successful program in India hired young women who lacked teaching certificates to teach basic literacy and numeracy skills to children whose skills were seriously lagging. After two years, student learning increased, with the highest gains among the least able students. As in the United States, says Vegas, teaching quality and student achievement in the developing world are sensitive to teacher compensation. As average teacher salaries in Chile more than doubled over the past decade, higher-quality students entered teacher education programs. And when Brazil increased educational funding and distributed resources more equitably, school enrollment increased and the gap in student test scores narrowed. Experiments with performance-based pay have had mixed results. In Bolivia a bonus for teaching in rural areas failed to produce higher-quality teachers. And in Mexico a system to reward teachers for improved student outcomes failed to change teacher performance. But Vegas explains that the design of teacher incentives is critical. Effective incentive schemes must be tightly coupled with desired behaviors and generous enough to give teachers a reason to make the extra effort. School-based management reforms give decisionmaking authority to the schools. Such reforms in Central America have reduced teacher absenteeism, increased teacher work hours, increased homework assignments, and improved parent-teacher relationships. These changes, says Vegas, are especially promising in schools where educational quality is low. PMID:17407930

Vegas, Emiliana

2007-01-01

276

Developments in U.S. Alternative Fuel Markets  

EIA Publications

The alternative fueled vehicle (AFV)/alternative fuels industry experienced a number of market-related changes in the second half of the 1990s. This article describes each of the alternative transportation fuels and the AFVs in detail. It provides information on the development to date and looks at trends likely to occur in the future.

2001-01-01

277

Brand Development : Commodity Markets and Manufacturer-Retailer Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on the case example of one of the leading wallcovering manufacturers in the UK. Explores issues surrounding the development of brands within a commodity-type market. The research attempted to analyse the factors which affected the decision-buying process for the consumer, together with the role that the major DIY multiples played in creating and communicating an effective brand identity. The

Peter Betts

1994-01-01

278

Integrating Development, Alumni Relations, and Marketing for Fundraising Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At many institutions, the vice president of institutional advancement oversees the functions of development, alumni relations, and marketing and communications. University leaders expect these functions to be integrated and to work hand-in-hand to advance the institution's mission, particularly in the area of private donations. The reality is that…

Stevick, Thomas R.

2010-01-01

279

Older People as a Developing Market for Cultural Heritage Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is it morally acceptable for the heritage sector to see the growing population of senior citizens as a developing market? Jamtli is an open air museum in the north of Sweden. The main target group is families with children, but an increasing number of activities for older adults are being offered. The growing population of older people is a…

Hansen, Anna; Zipsane, Henrik

2014-01-01

280

Teacher labor markets in developed countries.  

PubMed

Helen Ladd takes a comparative look at policies that the world's industrialized countries are using to assure a supply of high-quality teachers. Her survey puts U.S. educational policies and practices into international perspective. Ladd begins by examining teacher salaries-an obvious, but costly, policy tool. She finds, perhaps surprisingly, that students in countries with high teacher salaries do not in general perform better on international tests than those in countries with lower salaries. Ladd does find, however, that the share of underqualified teachers in a country is closely related to salary. In high-salary countries like Germany, Japan, and Korea, for example, only 4 percent of teachers are underqualified, as against more than 10 percent in the United States, where teacher salaries, Ladd notes, are low relative to those in other industrialized countries. Teacher shortages also appear to stem from policies that make salaries uniform across academic subject areas and across geographic regions. Shortages are especially common in math and science, in large cities, and in rural areas. Among the policy strategies proposed to deal with such shortages is to pay teachers different salaries according to their subject area. Many countries are also experimenting with financial incentive packages, including bonuses and loans, for teachers in specific subjects or geographic areas. Ladd notes that many developed countries are trying to attract teachers by providing alternative routes into teaching, often through special programs in traditional teacher training institutions and through adult education or distance learning programs. To reduce attrition among new teachers, many developed countries have also been using formal induction or mentoring programs as a way to improve new teachers' chances of success. Ladd highlights the need to look beyond a single policy, such as higher salaries, in favor of broad packages that address teacher preparation and certification, working conditions, the challenges facing new teachers, and the distribution of teachers across geographic areas. PMID:17407929

Ladd, Helen F

2007-01-01

281

Sample selection and spatial models of housing price indexes, and, A disequilibrium analysis of the U.S. gasoline market using panel data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation consists of two parts. The first part studies the sample selection and spatial models of housing price index using transaction data on detached single-family houses of two California metropolitan areas from 1990 through 2008. House prices are often spatially correlated due to shared amenities, or when the properties are viewed as close substitutes in a housing submarket. There have been many studies that address spatial correlation in the context of housing markets. However, none has used spatial models to construct housing price indexes at zip code level for the entire time period analyzed in this dissertation to the best of my knowledge. In this paper, I study a first-order autoregressive spatial model with four different weighing matrix schemes. Four sets of housing price indexes are constructed accordingly. Gatzlaff and Haurin (1997, 1998) study the sample selection problem in housing index by using Heckman's two-step method. This method, however, is generally inefficient and can cause multicollinearity problem. Also, it requires data on unsold houses in order to carry out the first-step probit regression. Maximum likelihood (ML) method can be used to estimate a truncated incidental model which allows one to correct for sample selection based on transaction data only. However, convergence problem is very prevalent in practice. In this paper I adopt Lewbel's (2007) sample selection correction method which does not require one to model or estimate the selection model, except for some very general assumptions. I then extend this method to correct for spatial correlation. In the second part, I analyze the U.S. gasoline market with a disequilibrium model that allows lagged-latent variables, endogenous prices, and panel data with fixed effects. Most existing studies (see the survey of Espey, 1998, Energy Economics) of the gasoline market assume equilibrium. In practice, however, prices do not always adjust fast enough to clear the market. Equilibrium assumptions greatly simplify statistical inference, but are very restrictive and can produce conflicting estimates. For example, econometric models of markets that assume equilibrium often produce more elastic demand price elasticity than their disequilibrium counterparts (Holt and Johnson, 1989, Review of Economics and Statistics, Oczkowski, 1998, Economics Letters). The few studies that allow disequilibrium, however, have been limited to macroeconomic time-series data without lagged-latent variables. While time series data allows one to investigate national trends, it cannot be used to identify and analyze regional differences and the role of local markets. Exclusion of the lagged-latent variables is also undesirable because such variables capture adjustment costs and inter-temporal spillovers. Simulation methods offer tractable solutions to dynamic and panel data disequilibrium models (Lee, 1997, Journal of Econometrics), but assume normally distributed errors. This paper compares estimates of price/income elasticity and excess supply/demand across time periods, regions, and model specifications, using both equilibrium and disequilibrium methods. In the equilibrium model, I compare the within group estimator with Anderson and Hsiao's first-difference 2SLS estimator. In the disequilibrium model, I extend Amemiya's 2SLS by using Newey's efficient estimator with optimal instruments.

Hu, Haixin

282

FY06 Energy and Water Development Appropriations House Senate Conference Report  

E-print Network

FY06 Energy and Water Development Appropriations House Senate Conference Report Fusion Language of ITER. The GAO shall also evaluate the opportunities to leverage the National Nuclear Security of the National Ignition Facility if the project fails to achieve the ignition demonstration by 2011, or at any

283

Development of a Simultaneous Extraction and Cleanup Method for Pyrethroid Pesticides from Indoor House Dust Samples  

EPA Science Inventory

An ef¿cient and reliable analytical method was developed for the sensitive and selective quanti¿cation of pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs) in house dust samples. The method is based on selective pressurized liquid extraction (SPLE) of the dust-bound PYRs into dichloromethane (DCM) wi...

284

The Department of Housing and Urban Development and Cooperative Extension: A Case for Urban Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. Department of Agriculture-sponsored cooperative extension systems and university programs offered through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development may find themselves in collaboration or conflict as both expand urban outreach activities. A case study in Des Moines, Iowa, illustrates how collaboration can occur and redundancy…

Borich, Timothy O.

2001-01-01

285

Board Member Development in the Public, Voluntary and Social Housing Sectors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Given a number of recent and ongoing changes to the role and responsibilities of executive and non-executive board members of UK social housing organisations, the paper aims to offer a literature review which explores the development provision for board members within such organisations. The paper's key question is: "How are executive and…

Ward, Carolyn; Preece, David

2012-01-01

286

Effects of low-density housing development on shrubland birds in western Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housing development in rural areas is the fastest-growing type of land use in the U.S. For birds, development near natural habitats is a problem because it can reduce abundances and nesting success and increase brood parasitism by brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater). In southern New England, populations of shrubland birds are declining rapidly while exurban development is widespread and increasing. We

Scott Schlossberg; David I. King; Richard B. Chandler

2011-01-01

287

Teaching solar energy applications using in-house developed testbench  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand for energy from fossil fuel continues to increase, especially in countries such as China and some developing countries. However, known reserves of fossil fuel continue to decrease with resultant increase in the unit cost of oil. This economic consideration, coupled with environmental degradation has spurred renewed interest in alternative energy resources, especially solar energy and photovoltaic technology and

A. U. Chuku; B. Oni; F. Kuate; E. Overton

2005-01-01

288

The challenges facing public housing authorities in a brave new world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public housing authorities (PHAs) are entering a brave new world. Major proposed changes to the public housing program will force PHAs to compete with private sector providers for tenants. To succeed, they will have to act more like entrepreneurial market participants: to change their management practices, the types of tenants they house, and the kinds of developments they operate, and

Roberto G. Quercia; George C. Galster

1997-01-01

289

Privatization Or Marketization: Educational Development in Post-Mao China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the post-Mao era, the reformers have taken significant steps to privatize social policy and social welfare. Revamping the social security system and commodifying social services have become more prominent since the mid-eighties. Despite the post-Mao leaders' discomfort about the term "privatization", signs of state withdrawal from the provision of social policy and welfare are clear. The author argues that the emergence of private educational institutions indicates that China's educational development has gone through a similar process of privatization or quasi-marketization though the Chinese experience is different from that of Western counterparts. Specifically, this paper tries to examine how the flourishing market economy and the policy of decentralization have affected the development of China's higher education. No longer solely relying on public schools, private and minban (people run) educational institutions are becoming more popular in the new socialist market system. This paper attempts to examine how privatization and quasi- marketization have affected educational development in mainland China. The paper concludes with a discussion of the policy implications of the privatization of education in China.

Mok, Ka Ho

1997-09-01

290

Development of a program of financial support on enhancing apartment houses maintenance in Korea—Focused on the U.S. and Japanese financial programs for housing maintenance in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Korea has as large a housing stock as other developed countries hold, it has striven to focus on growth-oriented policies by creating new housing units rather than maintaining or rehabilitating existing ones, which has resulted in a few efforts to develop policies to maintain and rehabilitate existing apartment houses. In early 1990, there was a huge construction of 2

Sang-Hoon Park; Eun-Ho Oh

291

CONTROLLING HOUSE DUST MITES THROUGH VENTILATION: the development of a model of mite response to varying hygrothermal conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is clear evidence that house dust mite populations in many climatic regions can potentially be controlled by modifying temperature and humidity within dwellings. This paper describes a current multi-disciplinary UK funded research project to develop a predictive model of house dust mite response to varying hygrothermal conditions. The project involves the development of two component models, the first simulating

D Crowther; T Oreszczyn; S Pretlove; I Ridley; J Horwood; P Cox; B Leung

292

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45 Section 932...Regulating Handling Research and Development § 932.45 Production research and marketing research and development projects. (a) The...

2010-01-01

293

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...research and marketing research and development projects. 932.45 Section 932...Regulating Handling Research and Development § 932.45 Production research and marketing research and development projects. (a) The...

2011-01-01

294

Health in all policies: the role of the US Department of Housing and Urban Development and present and future challenges.  

PubMed

The link between federal housing policy and public health has been understood since the nineteenth century, when housing activists first sought to abolish slums and create healthful environments. This article describes how the Obama administration-building on these efforts and those that followed, including the Great Society programs of President Lyndon Johnson-has adopted a cross-sector approach that takes health considerations into account when formulating housing and community development policy. The federal Department of Housing and Urban Development fully embraces this "health in all policies" approach. Nonetheless, the administration's strategy faces challenges, including fiscal and political ones. Some of these challenges may be overcome by conducting quality research on how housing and community development policies affect health outcomes, and by developing a federal budget strategy that takes into account how investments in one sector contribute to cost savings in another. PMID:22914341

Bostic, Raphael W; Thornton, Rachel L J; Rudd, Elizabeth C; Sternthal, Michelle J

2012-09-01

295

E-Commerce Leading Development Trend of New Sports Marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The traditional sports marketing is based on sport used as a carrier to promote their products and brands which is a marketing\\u000a activity as well as a means of marketing. E-commerce sports marketing is based on the traditional sports marketing, adding\\u000a e-commerce support to re-arrange the advantages of e-commerce and traditional sports marketing, which, accordingly makes traditional\\u000a sports marketing present

Zhongbin Yin; Binli Wang; Lina Wang

296

Developing hydropower in Washington state: an electricity marketing manual  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this electricity marketing manual is to give the potential small and micro-hydroelectric project developer within the state of Washington an insight into the benefits available under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA, P.L. 95-619). PURPA requires electric utilities to interconnect with and pay a rate based on their full avoided costs for the purchase

J. W. James; G. A. McCoy

1982-01-01

297

Turkish and Moroccan couples and their first steps on the Dutch housing market: Co-residence or independence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The start of the housing career of Turkish andMoroccan married couples in the Netherlandsoften differs from the common experience ofnative Dutch couples. Many Turkish and Moroccancouples live with family, friends, orco-ethnics during the first years of theirjoint housing careers. It seems obvious torelate this to the cultural values brought fromthe mother country. It is however noteworthythat, in the Netherlands, Turks

Gideon Bolt

2002-01-01

298

Importance of bioenergy markets for the development of the global energy system  

E-print Network

Importance of bioenergy markets for the development of the global energy system Nicklas Forsell Africa (2012)" #12;the development of a global bioenergy commodity market, technological developments, the wide implication of a global bioenergy market and increased trade of bioenergy on the development

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

299

A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)  

E-print Network

This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

Davis, Trevor Paul

1983-01-01

300

A new affordable housing model in China : a case-based examination of a private developer's role  

E-print Network

This thesis examines the motivations behind Wanhuilou, the first affordable housing development to be initiated, constructed, and subsidized by a private developer--China Vanke. This case presents a pioneering firm and a ...

Stuchell, Claudine C. (Claudine Cecile)

2008-01-01

301

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development  

E-print Network

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2011. Use of trade names is for identification only, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, or the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban

302

Development of Future Marketing Professionals: A Recommended Methodological Framework. Journal for Advancement of Marketing Education 7:pp. 27-35. Copyright 2005 Marketing Management Association THE SUCCESSFUL PREPARATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF FUTURE MARKETING PROFESSIONALS: A RECOMMENDED METHODOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a methodological approach that assists program administrators interested in improving marketing's contribution to the successful preparation and development of future business professionals. The behavioral analysis used in this paper provides administrators with an understanding of the scope of marketing as seen by academics and a framework to determine how well (or poorly) current curricula designs meet practitioner

Sharyn Rundle-Thiele; Rebekah Bennett

303

Public Policies and Public Resale Housing Prices in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Singapore, the public resale housing market is an active second-hand housing market, whereby previously subsidised new public housing units were being transacted at market prices. In contrast to the private housing price determinants that have been identified in the international literature, the prices of public resale housing in Singapore are largely determined by public policies rather than by economic

Yong Tu; Grace K. M. Wong

2002-01-01

304

Market development directory for solar industrial process heat systems  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this directory is to provide a basis for market development activities through a location listing of key trade associations, trade periodicals, and key firms for three target groups. Potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers were identified as the prime targets for market development activities. The bulk of the directory is a listing of these two groups. The third group, solar IPH equipment manufacturers, was included to provide an information source for potential industrial users and potential IPH system designers. Trade associates and their publications are listed for selected four-digit Standard Industrial Code (SIC) industries. Since industries requiring relatively lower temperature process heat probably will comprise most of the near-term market for solar IPH systems, the 80 SIC's included in this chapter have process temperature requirements less than 350/sup 0/F. Some key statistics and a location list of the largest plants (according to number of employees) in each state are included for 15 of the 80 SIC's. Architectural/engineering and consulting firms are listed which are known to have solar experience. Professional associated and periodicals to which information on solar IPH sytstems may be directed also are included. Solar equipment manufacturers and their associations are listed. The listing is based on the SERI Solar Energy Information Data Base (SEIDB).

None

1980-02-01

305

World Development Report 2002: Building Institutions for Markets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A carefully weighted, well-conceived document, the World Bankâ??s World Development Report 2002 (last mentioned in the October 5, 2000 Scout Report) discusses the viable options available to developing nations attempting to open their markets to the world and thereby better the circumstances of their peoples. Honestly recognizing that free market economies are not one-size-fits-all, the report encourages policy builders and analysts to carefully consider the specific circumstances and histories of their countries as they add to infrastructure. A primary focus of the report is on individual institutions and their positive potential in serving in a nationwide system of checks and balances, ones which can greatly extend the interests of the people. Here, the reports insists, policy makers must look to establish institutions and organizations that are right for given populations at a given place and time. Ultimately, therefore, the report calls on those responsible for true nation building to look to the welfare of their own people, especially as they seek to move their nations into an increasingly voracious global market.

World Bank.

306

75 FR 10210 - Market Development Cooperator Program 2010  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Internet-based distribution system in a target market; establishment of technical servicing...trade association office in a target market; education of foreign users of...service of U.S. products in target markets; increasing trust in...

2010-03-05

307

Development and marketing of a prosthetic urinary control valve system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An implantable prosthetic for the control of urinary incontinence was developed and marketed. Three phases are presented: bench development studies, animal trials, and human clinical trials. This work was performed under the direction of a Research Team at Rochester General Hospital (RGH). Bench trials were completed on prototype hardware and provided early verification of the device's ability to withstand repeated cyclic testing. Configurational variants were evaluated and a preferred design concept was established. Silicone rubber (medical grade) was selected as the preferred material for the prosthesis.

Tenney, J. B., Jr.; Rabinowitz, R.; Rogers, D. W.; Harrison, H. N.

1983-01-01

308

The project to design and develop an energy-related program for public housing residents: Final report  

SciTech Connect

This demonstration project studied how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilities indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

Not Available

1986-12-01

309

The evolution of ideas about the relationship between housing and economic development: Ghanaian policy in an international context, 1945--2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The significance of housing as a tool of economic development is often underestimated. Whereas many policy-makers, economic development analysts, and international agencies have for a long time recognized the social importance of housing, few have typically recognized the utility of the sector in promoting and achieving economic development goals. And yet, the housing sector is a major force in the

Godwin Arku

2005-01-01

310

MARKETING RESEARCH AND NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT SUCCESS IN THAI FOOD PROCESSING  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Marketing plays an important ,role in ,new ,product ,development ,(NPD) through several mechanisms.,One iscross-functiona l communication and collaboration so that ,marketing ,issues ,are integrated into the NPD process. Another is the strategic orientation of NPD, which includes marketing,strategy issues such as customer ,orientation and ,market ,fit. Third, marketing research plays a specific role, as it provides the information and

Prisana Suwannaporn; Mark Speece

2002-01-01

311

The emotional economy of housing   

E-print Network

This paper offers an interpretation of the role of emotions in animating housing markets which complements more traditional economic and behavioural studies of locally based house-price inflation. Looking to debates within ...

Christie, H.; Smith, S.J.; Munro, M.

2008-10-01

312

Arctic house  

E-print Network

Currently available housing in the Arctic is limited to solutions that have been adapted from designs for less severe climates. This thesis has developed a new manner of residential construction designed specifically for ...

Turkel, Joel A. (Joel Abram), 1969-

1999-01-01

313

24 CFR 982.618 - Shared housing: Housing quality standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE...OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT...401(d) (space and security). (c) Facilities...982.401(b), and food preparation and...

2010-04-01

314

Marketing.  

PubMed

There is not enough marketing of dentistry; but there certainly is too much selling of poor quality service that is being passed off as dentistry. The marketing concept makes the patient and the patients' needs the ultimate criteria of marketing efforts. Myths and good practices for effective marketing that will promote oral health are described under the traditional four "Ps" categories of "product" (best dental care), "place" (availability), "promotion" (advertising and other forms of making patients aware of available services and how to use them), and "price" (the total cost to patients of receiving care). PMID:20836416

Chambers, David W

2010-01-01

315

24 CFR 982.352 - Eligible housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Where Family Can Live and Move § 982.352 Eligible housing. (a) Ineligible housing. The following types of housing may not be...

2010-04-01

316

Wages and Employment in China's SOEs, 1980–1994: Corporatization, Market Development, and Insider Forces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using firm-level panel data, we evaluate the importance of reform measures, market development, and insider forces in wage and employment determination in China's state sector. Initial output per worker is positively correlated with change in employment, and market wages are significantly associated with firm employment and wages in the later period. Both indicate development of the labor markets. Corporatization lowered

Young Lee

1999-01-01

317

Seasonal variability in environmental tobacco smoke exposure in public housing developments.  

PubMed

The risk of tobacco smoking and second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure combined are the leading contributors to disease burden in high-income countries. Recent studies and policies are focusing on reducing exposure to SHS in multiunit housing (MUH), especially public housing. We examined seasonal patterns of SHS levels within indoor common areas located on Boston Housing Authority (BHA) properties. We measured weekly integrated and continuous fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and passive airborne nicotine in six buildings of varying building and occupant characteristics in summer 2012 and winter 2013. The average weekly indoor PM2.5 concentration across all six developments was 9.2 ?g/m3, higher during winter monitoring period (10.3 ?g/m3) compared with summer (8.0 ?g/m3). Airborne nicotine concentrations ranged from no detection to about 5000 ng/m3 (mean 311 ng/m3). Nicotine levels were significantly higher in the winter compared with summer (620 vs. 85 ng/m3; 95% CI: 72-998). Smoking-related exposures within Boston public housing vary by season, building types, and resident smoking policy. Our results represent exposure disparities that may contribute to health disparities in low-income communities and highlight the potential importance of efforts to mitigate SHS exposures during winter when outdoor-indoor exchange rates are low and smokers may tend to stay indoors. Our findings support the use of smoke-free policy as an effective tool to eliminate SHS exposure and protect non-smokers, especially residents of MUH. PMID:24750252

Arku, R E; Adamkiewicz, G; Vallarino, J; Spengler, J D; Levy, D E

2015-02-01

318

The globalization of developing-nation real estate markets : a current perspective  

E-print Network

To examine today's state of developing nation real estate markets is to gain insight into the evolutionary process of a new market in today's world. Real estate represents a considerable percentage of the wealth of individual ...

Chester, Kevin Knai, 1968-

2004-01-01

319

7 CFR 917.39 - Production research, market research and development.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Production research, market research and development. 917.39 Section 917.39...GROWN IN CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Research § 917.39 Production research, market...

2011-01-01

320

Is There a FreeMarket Economist in the House? The Policy Views of American Economic Association Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

People often suppose or imply that free-market economists constitute a significant portion of all economists. We surveyed American Economic Association members and asked their views on 18 specific forms of government activism. We find that about 8 percent of AEA members can be considered supporters of free-market principles, and that less than 3 percent may be called strong supporters. The

Charlotta Stern; Daniel B. Klein

2006-01-01

321

Is There a FreeMarket Economist in the House? The Policy Views of American Economic Association Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

People often suppose or imply that free-market econo- mists constitute a significant portion of all economists. We surveyed American Economic Association members and asked their views on 18 specific forms of government activism. We find that about 8 percent of AEA members can be considered supporters of free-market principles, and that less than 3 percent may be called strong supporters.

Daniel B. Klein; Charlotta Stern

2007-01-01

322

Is There a FreeMarket Economist in the House? The Policy Views of American Economic Association Members  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bstract.? People often suppose or imply that free-market economists constitute a significant portion of all economists. We surveyed American Economic Association members and asked their views on 18 specific forms of government activism. We find that about 8 percent of AEA members can be considered supporters of free-market principles, and that less than 3 percent may be called strong

D aniel B. K lein; C harlotta S tern

2007-01-01

323

Marketing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet suggests ways in which institutions--Catholic schools in particular--can move beyond public relations and advertising to engage in the broader arena of marketing with its focus on consumer satisfaction. The first of the book's three chapters reviews the concept of marketing, providing definitions of key terms, clarification of…

Appel, David L.

324

Effect of housing system, slaughter weight and slaughter strategy on carcass and meat quality, sex organ development and androstenone and skatole levels in Duroc finished entire male pigs.  

PubMed

This study aimed at evaluating the effect of housing system (HS), slaughter weight (SW) and strategy (SS) on carcass a nd meat quality, sexual organ development and boar taint in entire males. Twelve pens of 10 pigs were used (two trials). Half of male pens were allowed visual contact with females (MF) and half with males (MM). Half MM or MF were slaughtered at 105 or 130 kg in trial 1, or penwise or by split marketing in trial 2 at 120 kg. Housing system showed no significant effect on carcass or meat quality. MF presented significantly longer testicles and heavier bulbourethral glands compared to MM. The distribution of androstenone and skatole levels was affected by SW but not by HS or SS, samples with androstenone >1 ?g/g of the different groups falling within the range of 16 to 22%. All correlations between androstenone and sex organs were significant. Housing system and slaughter strategy did not reduce the risk of boar tainted carcasses. PMID:21641121

Fàbrega, E; Gispert, M; Tibau, J; Hortós, M; Oliver, M A; Furnols, M Font I

2011-12-01

325

How to Develop a Marketing Strategy for Your Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses basic principles of marketing (referred to as the six p's: product, pricing, point of sale, people, promotion, and positioning) and shows how they can be applied to the marketing of day care centers. (SKC)

Thorne, George F.

1988-01-01

326

From Infantile Citizens to Infantile Institutions: The Metaphoric Transformation of Political Economy in the 2008 Housing Market Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The logic of political economy depends on a domestic metaphor, using the "oikos" or household as a model for the "polis." Historically, this metaphor has imagined citizens as the children of a paternal state. However during the 2008 housing crisis, this metaphor was turned upside down, depicting citizens as the parents of infantile state…

Foley, Megan

2012-01-01

327

Marketing policy for developing countries: the case for Uganda  

E-print Network

the traditional system, an appropriate production and marketing policy needs to be put in place, if Uganda is going to compete in the international market. The problems inherent in the produce trade and the difficulty of finding export markets for some...

Bazaala, Nalumansi Mariam

1993-01-01

328

Land use planning and wildfire: development policies influence future probability of housing loss  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction.

Syphard, Alexandra D.; Massada, Avi Bar; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E.

2013-01-01

329

Land Use Planning and Wildfire: Development Policies Influence Future Probability of Housing Loss  

PubMed Central

Increasing numbers of homes are being destroyed by wildfire in the wildland-urban interface. With projections of climate change and housing growth potentially exacerbating the threat of wildfire to homes and property, effective fire-risk reduction alternatives are needed as part of a comprehensive fire management plan. Land use planning represents a shift in traditional thinking from trying to eliminate wildfires, or even increasing resilience to them, toward avoiding exposure to them through the informed placement of new residential structures. For land use planning to be effective, it needs to be based on solid understanding of where and how to locate and arrange new homes. We simulated three scenarios of future residential development and projected landscape-level wildfire risk to residential structures in a rapidly urbanizing, fire-prone region in southern California. We based all future development on an econometric subdivision model, but we varied the emphasis of subdivision decision-making based on three broad and common growth types: infill, expansion, and leapfrog. Simulation results showed that decision-making based on these growth types, when applied locally for subdivision of individual parcels, produced substantial landscape-level differences in pattern, location, and extent of development. These differences in development, in turn, affected the area and proportion of structures at risk from burning in wildfires. Scenarios with lower housing density and larger numbers of small, isolated clusters of development, i.e., resulting from leapfrog development, were generally predicted to have the highest predicted fire risk to the largest proportion of structures in the study area, and infill development was predicted to have the lowest risk. These results suggest that land use planning should be considered an important component to fire risk management and that consistently applied policies based on residential pattern may provide substantial benefits for future risk reduction. PMID:23977120

Syphard, Alexandra D.; Bar Massada, Avi; Butsic, Van; Keeley, Jon E.

2013-01-01

330

Tenure in transition : case of the LSM Cooperative Housing Estate, Lublin, Poland  

E-print Network

This thesis explores various tenure models as a means to understand development in transition. The emergence of new markets, aspirations, needs and varied agendas of the actors in the LSM Cooperative Housing Estate in ...

Kumar, Sanjay M

1992-01-01

331

Higher occupancy humanism : the trade-offs for encouraging middle income housing in a global city  

E-print Network

In high density urban areas where the land acquisition and construction cost components are significant relative to total development costs, the market typically supplies a high-income housing product in order to justify ...

Konishi, Ryunosuke, 1975-

2003-01-01

332

Post-Uruguay Round price linkages between developed and developing countries: the case of rice and wheat markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Uruguay Round Agreement on agriculture attempted to lower distortions in global agricultural markets. However, the significant fall in commodity prices in the late 1990s may have reduced the incentives for both developed and developing countries to better integrate into world markets. This study analyzes price linkages and adjustment between developed and developing countries during the post-Uruguay Round period. Prices

Navin Yavapolkula; Munisamy Gopinath; Ashok Gulati

2006-01-01

333

Development of design & technology package for cost effective housing in Gujrat  

E-print Network

Purpose: Improve quality of life in rural areas through intervention of infrastructure and housing improvement. Provide methods of building better and cost-effective houses at a quicker pace. Devise strategies of withdrawing ...

Chaudhry, Rajive

1996-01-01

334

Rationalizing urban land utilization : guidelines for housing developments in greater Khartoum, Sudan  

E-print Network

The housing crisis in Greater Khartoum manifests itself in a very high demand for housing and a deficient supply mechanism. This unsatisfied demand is reflected in high rents and land prices, high occupancy rates, and ...

Hamid, Gamal Mahmoud

1986-01-01

335

Passive solar in the city : an energy conscious design for subsidized multi-family housing development  

E-print Network

Until now, passive solar energy has been overlooked as a viable alternative for home heating in urban subsidized housing. Rather ironically, in housing whose residents could most benefit from the use of solar energy, such ...

Duncan, Karen M

1981-01-01

336

Developing a Market PlanLessons from the Inn at Plum Creek  

Microsoft Academic Search

A marketing plan is an essential “road map” for management to assess a hotel property's position and chart its course in attracting guests. The marketing plan discussed in this article comprises two parts, a situation audit and a discussion of strategic directions. To illustrate how a marketing plan is developed, the plan for a real hotel (with a disguised identity)

Carl K. Link

1993-01-01

337

Sod Production and Marketing. Instructional Materials Developed for Iowa Vocational Agriculture Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for use by vocational agriculture teachers in Iowa, this instructional unit provides information about the growing and marketing of sod for lawns. This document is one of three manuals making up a single package. (The other two are Christmas Tree Production and Marketing and Sod Production and Marketing). The manual includes an…

Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology, Ames. Dept. of Agricultural Education.

338

An Investigation of Strategic Decision Making in Service Marketing through Case Study Development and Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the collaborative efforts of an undergraduate student and a professor of marketing, this paper focuses on a case study and corresponding teaching notes developed as a final component of an independent study in service marketing. The case utilizes the hospitality industry as the template for analysis of the appropriateness of marketing

Rosetti, Joseph L.; Maceiko, Meghan

2009-01-01

339

The Spatial Geography of Teacher Labor Markets: Evidence from a Developing Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An unequal distribution of teacher quality is a problem underlying the unequal distribution of educational outcomes in developing countries. However, we know little about how the labor market produces such a distribution. Using data from two regions in Peru, we investigate whether there is a national teacher market or smaller regional markets. We…

Jaramillo, Miguel

2012-01-01

340

The trainee will develop skills in the marketing area focusing on advanced webmarketing tools  

E-print Network

, project management, online marketing leverage, customer and sales orientation Company description AlenisThe trainee will develop skills in the marketing area focusing on advanced webmarketing tools get to propose new marketing ideas, sharing possessed experience and knowledge be part of a great team work

Schüler, Axel

341

A snapshot of the European energy service market in 2010 and policy recommendations to foster a further market development  

Microsoft Academic Search

As of 2010, the energy service market in Europe is still far from utilising its full potential. Wide-scale peer-reviewed studies investigating the development and up-to-date status of the European ESCo market are scarce. This article presents a comprehensive insight of the European ESCo industry based on the results from a large-scale survey carried out 2009–2010 in 39 European countries. The

Angelica Marino; Paolo Bertoldi; Silvia Rezessy; Benigna Boza-Kiss

2011-01-01

342

Development of a cognitive testing apparatus for socially housed mother-peer-reared infant rhesus monkeys.  

PubMed

Though cognitive testing of infant monkeys has been practiced for the past 40 years, these assessments have been limited primarily to nursery-reared infants due to the confounds of separating mother-reared infants for assessments. Here, we describe a pilot study in which we developed a cognitive testing apparatus for socially housed, mother-peer-reared rhesus macaques under 1 year of age (Macaca mulatta) that allowed the infants to freely return to their mothers for contact comfort. Infants aged 151.2?±?18.3 days (mean?±?SEM; n?=?5) were trained and tested on an object detour reach task. Infants completed training in 5.0?±?0.2 days, and completed testing in 6.2?±?0.9 days. Across 4 days of testing, infants improved to nearly errorless performance (Friedman test: ?(2) ?=?13.27, df?=?3, p?=?0.004) and learned to do the task more quickly (Friedman test: ?(2) ?=?11.69, df?=?3, p?=?0.009). These are the first cognitive data in group-housed, mother-peer-reared rhesus monkeys under 1 year of age, and they underscore the utility of this apparatus for studying cognitive development in a normative population of infant monkeys. Published 2015. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA. Dev Psychobiol :349-355, 2015. PMID:25782609

Dettmer, Amanda M; Murphy, Ashley M; Suomi, Stephen J

2015-04-01

343

The Strategic Exercise of Options: Development Cascades and Overbuilding in Real Estate Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops an equilibrium framework for strategic option exercise games. The author focuses on a particular example: the timing of real estate development. An analysis of the equilibrium exercise policies of developers provides insights into the forces that shape market behavior. The model isolates the factors that make some markets prone to bursts of concentrated development. The model also

Steven R Grenadier

1996-01-01

344

Developing global products and marketing strategies: A construct and a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. trade deficit brings to question the effectiveness of international marketing strategies of American firms. Multinational\\u000a corporations must develop better international products and improve their performance in their international marketing efforts.\\u000a They must know when to globalize or localize their marketing practices. This article incorporates learning, involvement, diffusion\\/adoption\\u000a and culture context as dimensions of a global product and marketing

James Wills; A. Coskun Samli; Laurence Jacobs

1991-01-01

345

An Investigation of the Current Practices of In-House Employee Training and Development within Hotels in Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of an itlvestigation of in-house employee training and development practices within hotels in Scotland having 50 or more bedroonls front an operation\\/ management perspective. Issites pertaining to employee trainitzg and development practices are identified - reduction in st@ turnover; responsibility for staff traitzing and development, time constraints, variety of training methods and training frequency. III

Ian Buick; Ganesan Muthu

1997-01-01

346

School Principals as Marketing Managers: The Expanding Role of Marketing for School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relative importance that school principals attach to aspects of their role as marketing managers for their schools and their relative satisfaction with their efforts to date. The study included 60 principals from two school districts. Findings suggest that principals are aware of the importance of marketing in today's…

Anast-May, Linda; Mitchell, Mark; Buckner, Barbara Chesler; Elsberry, Cindy

2012-01-01

347

Development of a Market Optimized Condensing Gas Water Heater  

SciTech Connect

This program covered the development of a market optimized condensing gas water heater for residential applications. The intent of the program was to develop a condensing design that minimized the large initial cost premium associated with traditional condensing water heater designs. Equally important was that the considered approach utilizes design and construction methods that deliver the desired efficiency without compromising product reliability. Standard condensing water heater approaches in the marketplace utilize high cost materials such as stainless steel tanks and heat exchangers as well as expensive burner systems to achieve the higher efficiencies. The key in this program was to develop a water heater design that uses low-cost, available components and technologies to achieve higher efficiency at a modest cost premium. By doing this, the design can reduce the payback to a more reasonable length, increasing the appeal of the product to the marketplace. Condensing water heaters have been in existence for years, but have not been able to significantly penetrate the market. The issue has typically been cost. The high purchase price associated with existing condensing water heaters, sometimes as much as $2000, has been a very difficult hurdle to overcome in the marketplace. The design developed under this program has the potential to reduce the purchase price of this condensing design by as much as $1000 as compared to traditional condensing units. The condensing water heater design developed over the course of this program led to an approach that delivered the following performance attributes: 90%+ thermal efficiency; 76,000 Btu/hr input rate in a 50 gallon tank; First hour rating greater than 180 gph; Rapid recovery time; and Overall operating condition well matched to combination heat and hot water applications. Over the final three years of the program, TIAX worked very closely with A.O. Smith Water Products Company as our commercial partner to optimize the design for manufacturing. This work included the initiation of a large field testing program (over 125 units) and an in-depth reliability program intended to minimize the risks associated with a new product introduction. At the time of this report, A.O. Smith plans to introduce this product to the marketplace in the early 2006 time period.

Peter Pescatore

2006-01-11

348

Family Housing Wysocki House  

E-print Network

Family Housing Wysocki House 911 North Pleasant Street University of Massachusetts Amherst, MA):________________________________________ STUDENT ENROLLMENT: Undergrad Graduate Are you a current Family Housing Tenant?_________ UMASS STAFF WOULD LIKE US TO KNOW? LIST REMARKS BELOW: SEE REVERSE SIDE FOR APARTMENT PREFERENCE SELECTION FAMILY

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

349

Market development at the bottom of the pyramid: examining the role of information and communication technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the research question, “How can the use of information and communication technology (ICT) enable development of markets at the bottom of the pyramid (BOP)?” Integrating ideas centered on the threefold role of ICT (automate–informate–transform), market mechanisms, and agency freedom aspects of ICT-enabled development, we examine how (1) ICT facilitate development of market mechanisms at the BOP, (2)

Monideepa Tarafdar; Prashanth Anekal; Ramendra Singh

2012-01-01

350

Advances in the development of FRIDA's mechanisms control system and house-keeping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

FRIDA will be a near infrared imager and integral field spectrograph covering the wavelength range from 0.9 to 2.5 microns. Primary observing modes are: direct imaging and integral field spectroscopy. This paper describes the main advances in the development of the electronics and control system for both the mechanisms and house-keeping of FRIDA. In order to perform several tests of mechanisms in both room and cryogenic environments, a set of programs had been developed. All variables of the vacuum control system were determined and the main control structure based on one Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) had been established. A key function of the FRIDA's control system is keeping the integrity of cryostat during all processes, so we have designed a redundant heating control system which will be in charge of avoiding cryostat inner overheating. In addition, some improvements of cryogenic and room temperature cabling structure are described.

Flores-Meza, R.; Garcés, J.; Lara, G.; Sánchez, B.; Espejo, C.; Keiman, C.; Cuevas, S.; Díaz, J. J.

2014-07-01

351

In-house development of an optimized synthetic module for routine [11C]acetate production  

PubMed Central

[11C]Acetate, a radiotracer for PET imaging, is a promising radiopharmaceutical for overcoming the limitation of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose in a number of cancers. Here, the optimized automatic synthesis of [11C]acetate using an in-house-developed module under different conditions has been reported for routine production. [11C]CO2 was produced in a 16.4?MeV PETtrace cyclotron, and methyl magnesium chloride was used for synthesis. For product purification, ion-exchange solid-phase extraction cartridges were used, connected in series. High-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography were used to measure radiochemical and chemical purity. The Limulus amebocyte lysate test and the fluid thioglycollate medium test were performed for quality control of [11C]acetate. The total reaction time of [11C]acetate was within 15?min, and the overall decay-corrected radiochemical yield was 84.33±8.85%. Radiochemical purity was greater than 98% when evaluated on an analytical high-performance liquid chromatography system. No endotoxins or anaerobic bacteria were seen on quality control checks. Optimized production of [11C]acetate was achieved by the in-house module. Radiochemical and biological properties of the [11C]acetate produced were appropriate for clinical PET study. PMID:25244351

Jang, Hwa Youn; Kwon, Seong Young; Pyo, Ayoung; Hur, Min Goo; Kim, Sang Wook; Park, Jeong-Hoon; Kim, Hee-Jung; Yang, Seung Dae; Lee, Sunwoo; Kim, Dong-Yeon

2015-01-01

352

Development and validation of a dynamic mathematical model of ammonia release in pig house.  

PubMed

A dynamic mathematical model of Carbon-dioxide Accelerated Ammonia Release (CAAR) was developed based on the known knowledge of the chemistry of ammonia (NH3) in liquid solution, mass transfer inside liquid and across liquid-gaseous interface, and a new concept of CAAR. It calculated the NH3 concentration, release and emission at transient and steady state conditions related to a mechanically ventilated pig house. One field experimental data set was used for estimating the proportionality coefficient in the model. Another field data set was used for model validation. The ammonia concentration and emission rate calculated in the model validation were compared with the field measurement values. R2 of 0.861 and 0.947 were obtained for NH3 concentration and emission rate, respectively. In the model validation, the pH in manure surface was found to increase from 8 at initial condition to 8.85 at dynamic equilibrium due to the co-release of CO2 from the manure. This pH change accelerated the NH3 release by 6.1-fold. The model provided a quantitative description of some new understanding of the mechanism of NH3 release in the pig house and entailed suggestions of two new techniques of NH3 emission abatement: the reduction of CO2 release and the new ventilation control strategy. PMID:11345731

Ni, J Q; Hendriks, J; Vinckier, C; Coenegrachts, J

2000-08-01

353

In-house development of an optimized synthetic module for routine [11C]acetate production.  

PubMed

[11C]Acetate, a radiotracer for PET imaging, is a promising radiopharmaceutical for overcoming the limitation of 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose in a number of cancers. Here, the optimized automatic synthesis of [11C]acetate using an in-house-developed module under different conditions has been reported for routine production. [11C]CO2 was produced in a 16.4?MeV PETtrace cyclotron, and methyl magnesium chloride was used for synthesis. For product purification, ion-exchange solid-phase extraction cartridges were used, connected in series. High-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography were used to measure radiochemical and chemical purity. The Limulus amebocyte lysate test and the fluid thioglycollate medium test were performed for quality control of [11C]acetate. The total reaction time of [11C]acetate was within 15?min, and the overall decay-corrected radiochemical yield was 84.33±8.85%. Radiochemical purity was greater than 98% when evaluated on an analytical high-performance liquid chromatography system. No endotoxins or anaerobic bacteria were seen on quality control checks. Optimized production of [11C]acetate was achieved by the in-house module. Radiochemical and biological properties of the [11C]acetate produced were appropriate for clinical PET study. PMID:25244351

Jang, Hwa Youn; Kwon, Seong Young; Pyo, Ayoung; Hur, Min Goo; Kim, Sang Wook; Park, Jeong-Hoon; Kim, Hee-Jung; Yang, Seung Dae; Lee, Sunwoo; Kim, Dong-Yeon; Min, Jung-Joon

2015-01-01

354

Unraveling Hidden Order in the Dynamics of Developed and Emerging Markets  

PubMed Central

The characterization of asset price returns is an important subject in modern finance. Traditionally, the dynamics of stock returns are assumed to lack any temporal order. Here we present an analysis of the autocovariance of stock market indices and unravel temporal order in several major stock markets. We also demonstrate a fundamental difference between developed and emerging markets in the past decade - emerging markets are marked by positive order in contrast to developed markets whose dynamics are marked by weakly negative order. In addition, the reaction to financial crises was found to be reversed among developed and emerging markets, presenting large positive/negative autocovariance spikes following the onset of these crises. Notably, the Chinese market shows neutral or no order while being regarded as an emerging market. These findings show that despite the coupling between international markets and global trading, major differences exist between different markets, and demonstrate that the autocovariance of markets is correlated with their stability, as well as with their state of development. PMID:25383630

Berman, Yonatan; Shapira, Yoash; Ben-Jacob, Eshel

2014-01-01

355

Government regulation of market information as a public policy tool: The dynamics of waste recycling market development  

SciTech Connect

Although many policy makers and implementers recognize that a better policy performance relies on good information, they are not paying enough attention to enhancing information systems as a way of improving system-wide policy performance. This study examines the impact that the information system embedded in the multi-stage structure of waste recycling markets has on the performance of public policies designed to develop waste recycling markets. A dynamic simulation model of waste recycling markets is used as a laboratory setting for this study. This model displays a hypothesized information feedback system and decision-making structure within the multi-stage structure of waste recycling markets. Two experimental procedures are followed: partial vs. whole model tests and information environment tests. Within this experimental framework, information is controlled according to three different dimensions: availability, accuracy, and timeliness. The performance of market development policies is evaluated with three criteria: expansion, stability, and efficiency. Based on the research findings from simulation-based experiments, this study suggests information policies that improve the performance of waste recycling market development policies. Conclusions from this study are organized on three levels. First, this study reviews the public policies and their performance through the analytic lens of information feedback. The research findings are expected to provide new policy insights for public policy makers in their efforts to development waste recycling markets. Second, this study suggests a redefinition of the role of government as an information provider in dynamic and complex policy environments. In such environments information is regarded as a crucial resource. Third, this study applies a systems approach to information evaluation. The approach focuses on the impact of the information system structure and the value of information on decision-making processes.

Chung, I.J.

1992-01-01

356

Design and Evaluation of a Net Zero Energy Low-Income Residential Housing Development in Lafayette, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra low energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. Affordable housing development authorities throughout the United States continually struggle to find the most cost-effective pathway to provide quality, durable, and sustainable housing. The challenge for these authorities is to achieve the mission of delivering affordable housing at the lowest cost per square foot in environments that may be rural, urban, suburban, or within a designated redevelopment district. With the challenges the U.S. faces regarding energy, the environmental impacts of consumer use of fossil fuels and the increased focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, housing authorities are pursuing the goal of constructing affordable, energy efficient and sustainable housing at the lowest life-cycle cost of ownership. This report outlines the lessons learned and sub-metered energy performance of an ultra-low-energy single family ranch home and duplex unit, called the Paradigm Pilot Project and presents the final design recommendations for a 153-unit net zero energy residential development called the Josephine Commons Project. In addition to describing the results of the performance monitoring from the pilot project, this paper describes the recommended design process of (1) setting performance goals for energy efficiency and renewable energy on a life-cycle cost basis, (2) using an integrated, whole building design approach, and (3) incorporating systems-built housing, a green jobs training program, and renewable energy technologies into a replicable high performance, low-income housing project development model.

Dean, J.; VanGeet, O.; Simkus, S.; Eastment, M.

2012-03-01

357

The nature, development and contribution of social marketing to public health practice since 2004 in England.  

PubMed

Social marketing is a highly systematic approach to health improvement that sets out unambiguous success criteria focused on behaviour change. This paper reviews the key concepts and principles of social marketing and its recent rapid development across government in England in the public health field. This paper outlines the role of the National Social Marketing Centre and concludes with a discussion of the probable future impact of social marketing on public health practice. The paper argues that there is a close ideological match between social marketing and liberal democratic imperatives. Social marketing's focus on outcome, return on investment and its emphasis on developing interventions that can respond to diverse needs, means it is probable that social marketing will increasingly be required by governments as a standard part of public health programmes. PMID:19994642

French, Jeff

2009-11-01

358

A Framework for Curriculum Development in Marketing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to show marketing education teachers how Missouri's Show-Me Knowledge and Performance Standards can be reflected in the Marketing Education Framework. It is organized to present each of the nine competency strands (instructional units) by learner outcome and competencies. The instructional units are as follows: communications…

Everett, Donna R.

359

Risk, Financial Markets, and Human Capital in a Developing Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the link between financial market incompleteness and human capital accumulation. The authors examine how child school attendance responds to seasonal fluctuations in the income of agrarian households using panel data from rural India. To pinpoint market imperfections, they study responses to aggregate and idiosyncratic, as well as to anticipated and unanticipated, income shocks. The authors' main finding

Hanan G Jacoby; Emmanuel Skoufias

1997-01-01

360

Technological dualism, incomplete financial markets and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model is built in which, the more incomplete financial markets are, the more technological dualism is prevalent in the economy. The model is extended to show that, through dualism and technological choice, incomplete financial markets can have a negative impact on long-run growth.

Gilles Saint-Paul

1992-01-01

361

Development and Calibration of Currency Market Strategies by ...  

E-print Network

indicates the need for increased risk-aversion in global markets. ... We attempt to gauge the timing of these “sentiment shifts” in the financial markets with ..... If the optimization model is not described in the right format, then the model parser will.

janosp

2010-06-18

362

Project to design and develop an energy-related program: For public housing residents and renters: Volume 1, Final report  

SciTech Connect

This demonstration project was undertaken as a result of an unsolicited proposal submitted by THE ASSIGNMENT GROUP (TAG) to the Office of Minority Economic Impact, Department of Energy (DOE). The problem to which the proposal responded was how to minimize the costs associated with public housing tenants in standard public housing as well as under homeownership transfers. A related problem was how to graduate the tenants to another level of responsibility and self-sufficiency through resident business developments and training in energy-related fields. The size and gravity of the problem necessitated a purpose or aim that had nationwide application, yet lent itself to a microscopic look. Consequently, the goal that emanated was the design and development of an energy-related demonstration program that educates public housing residents, facilitates indigenous business development where appropriate, and trains residents to provide needed services.

Not Available

1988-05-01

363

Development of Energy-Efficient Housing for Low-Income Texas Residents  

E-print Network

and instrumenting a baseline Habitat for Humanity house. Monitoring of the 26 channels of 15-minute data began in March 1998 and has continued through December 1998. The energy and environmental data from the house will also be made available to faculty and students... or problem. Habitat for Humanity is a non-profit, Christian-affiliated ecumenical housing group that helps build low-income housing in the United States and other countries. Habitat aims at increasing the ability of families to buy a home by giving low...

Haberl, J. S.; Kootin-Sanwu, V.

1999-01-01

364

Creating an asset management model for Massachusetts state-aided public housing : a study of policies and practices to inform the Massachusetts Department of Housing and Community Development  

E-print Network

Local housing authorities in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts currently manage over 50,000 state-aided public housing units on a consolidated, authority-wide level-a style of property management that does not allow for ...

Creeley, Hannah Highton

2009-01-01

365

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3 -- Design Development and Prototyping  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Envelope Research effort will provide factory homebuilders with high performance, cost-effective alternative envelope designs. In the near term, these technologies will play a central role in meeting stringent energy code requirements. For manufactured homes, the thermal requirements, last updated by statute in 1994, will move up to the more rigorous IECC 2012 levels in 2013, the requirements of which are consistent with site built and modular housing. This places added urgency on identifying envelope technologies that the industry can implement in the short timeframe. The primary goal of this research is to develop wall designs that meet the thermal requirements based on 2012 IECC standards. Given the affordable nature of manufactured homes, impact on first cost is a major consideration in developing the new envelope technologies. This work is part of a four-phase, multi-year effort. Phase 1 identified seven envelope technologies and provided a preliminary assessment of three selected methods for building high performance wall systems. Phase 2 focused on the development of viable product designs, manufacturing strategies, addressing code and structural issues, and cost analysis of the three selected options. An industry advisory committee helped critique and select the most viable solution to move further in the research -- stud walls with continuous exterior insulation. Phase 3, the subject of the current report, focused on the design development of the selected wall concept and explored variations on the use of exterior foam insulation. The scope also included material selection, manufacturing and cost analysis, and prototyping and testing.

Levy, E.; Kessler, B.; Mullens, M.; Rath, P.

2014-01-01

366

The Labour Market in International Development: an empirical study of jobs advertised on industry websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

This working paper examines the international labour market in the development industry by identifying the key characteristics of jobs advertised on industry websites and describing the types of job available to prospective candidates. This examination is positioned within a broader literature review of international labour markets. The paper argues that the literature is limited with regard to careers in development

Michael Webber; Louise Morrison; Gisela Ervin-Ward; James Montgomerie; Ruth Bowen; Karen Medica

367

The Development of Advertising and Marketing Education: The First 75 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advertising and marketing education in colleges began in 1893, when Joseph Johnson of the University of Pennsylvania developed a curriculum in journalism that included information about advertising. Other universities developed curricula in journalism that included advertising in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Courses in marketing were offered in…

Applegate, Edd

2008-01-01

368

Sweet carbon: An analysis of sugar industry carbon market opportunities under the clean development mechanism  

E-print Network

Sweet carbon: An analysis of sugar industry carbon market opportunities under the clean development 10 September 2009 Keywords: Clean development mechanism Sugar Carbon markets a b s t r a c t Bagasse a data set of 204 bagasse electricity generation projects at sugar mills, indicates that these projects

Kammen, Daniel M.

369

Export Market Development: Planning and Relationship Processes of Entrepreneurs in Different Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article makes an initial exploration of whether and to what extent different national values may affect the development of export markets through business to business relationships between entrepreneurs in different countries. It does this by specifically examining the trust between people and the nature and role of business planning in the export market development process. To do this, different

Mark Dibben; Simon Harris; Colin Wheeler

2003-01-01

370

Essays on financial markets, inequality and economic development  

E-print Network

In Chapter 1, I study the effects of wealth inequality on economies where financial markets are imperfect. I exploit the idea that inequality should have a different effect across sectors. Using a difference-in-difference ...

Blaum, Joaquin

2012-01-01

371

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...on Federal, state, and local fair housing laws and regulations and in the requirements of fair housing marketing and in those...instructions to the staff regarding fair housing and a summary of the...marketing program in which there are no barriers to obtaining...

2012-01-01

372

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...on Federal, state, and local fair housing laws and regulations and in the requirements of fair housing marketing and in those...instructions to the staff regarding fair housing and a summary of the...marketing program in which there are no barriers to obtaining...

2013-01-01

373

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...on Federal, state, and local fair housing laws and regulations and in the requirements of fair housing marketing and in those...instructions to the staff regarding fair housing and a summary of the...marketing program in which there are no barriers to obtaining...

2014-01-01

374

Developing a Market‐Oriented Learning Organisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study integrates the constructs of organisational change strategies, market orientation, top management behaviour, leadership style, learning orientation and business perfor Mance. A survey was sent to the top 2,000 organisations within Australia, as defined by annual revenue. Data was analysed using two‐stage least squares regression (2SLS). Findings indicate that both planned and emergent change strategies significantly influence market orientation.

Mark A. Farrell

2000-01-01

375

Impacts of short-term food restriction on immune development in altricial house sparrow nestlings *.  

PubMed

Abstract Food limitation is a common ecological scenario for nestling altricial birds, and reductions in growth and maintenance have been observed in resource-limited nestlings. Substantial development of the immune system occurs during the nestling period, yet the resource dependence of this immune development is understudied. We examined constitutive immune system development as well as acute-phase responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection after 48 h of food restriction in house sparrows at 7 and 13 d posthatch. We also examined nestlings that were restricted early (5-7 d) but refed and tested at 13 d posthatch to determine whether altered immune function and growth early in the nestling period were recovered upon return to adequate resource supply. Induced acute-phase protein response was reduced in food-restricted birds, yet no lasting reductions in acute-phase protein levels were observed in previously restricted nestlings that were challenged with LPS after refeeding. Food restriction did not significantly impact constitutive levels of complement-mediated lysis or circulating IgY antibodies. As a comparator to immune measures, we found that organ and tarsus size, as well as muscle size and citrate synthase enzyme activity (an index of muscle cellular aerobic capacity), were significantly reduced in food-restricted nestlings. Reductions in flight muscle mass and function persisted in birds refed after early food restriction, which may have contributed to persistent body temperature reductions observed in refed birds. PMID:25730274

Killpack, Tess L; Carrel, Elijah; Karasov, William H

2015-01-01

376

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

377

'Make It Right.' A Case Study Exploring An Affordable Green Housing Development in New Orleans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses the current efforts taking place to rebuild New Orleans, Louisiana and focuses specifically on the ‘Make It Right’ (MIR) Foundation’s model for rebuilding the Lower Ninth Ward with affordable green housing. The primary research question focused on the motivations, design implications, financial implications, advantages, and challenges found in the ‘Make It Right’ Foundation’s housing and community reconstruction

2010-01-01

378

Agonistic onset during development differentiates wild house mouse males ( Mus domesticus )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wild house mouse populations have been suggested to locally adapt to varying dispersal regimes by expressing divergent aggressivity phenotypes. This conjecture implies, first, genetic polymorphism for dispersive strategies which is supported by the finding of heritable variation for male dispersal tendency in feral house mice. Secondly, aggressivity is assumed to translate into dispersal rates. This speculation is reinforced by experimental

Sven Krackow

2005-01-01

379

24 CFR 1006.210 - Housing services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.210 Housing services. NHHBG funds may be used for the...

2011-04-01

380

24 CFR 1006.210 - Housing services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.210 Housing services. NHHBG funds may be used for the...

2012-04-01

381

24 CFR 1006.210 - Housing services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.210 Housing services. NHHBG funds may be used for the...

2010-04-01

382

24 CFR 1006.210 - Housing services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.210 Housing services. NHHBG funds may be used for the...

2014-04-01

383

The photovoltaic market analysis program : background, model development, applications and extensions  

E-print Network

The purpose of this report is to describe and motivate the market analysis program for photovoltaics that has developed over the last several years. The main objective of the program is to develop tools and procedures to ...

Lilien, Gary L.

1981-01-01

384

A Research Agenda for Forest Products Marketing and Business Development in Louisiana: 2009-2013  

E-print Network

A Research Agenda for Forest Products Marketing and Business Development in Louisiana: 2009-2013 Richard P. Vlosky Professor and Director Louisiana Forest Products Development Center School of Renewable Natural Resources Louisiana Agricultural Center Baton Rouge, Louisiana Louisiana Forest Products

Wu, Qinglin

385

75 FR 36245 - Notice of Funding Availability for the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...expanded business access to markets. d. Support Existing Communities. Target Federal funding toward existing...on outcomes for the defined target area (e.g., changes in...monetary value based on the local market value of the staff...

2010-06-24

386

Communications infrastructure and traditional determinants of inward foreign investment : A comparison of developed and emerging markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to examine the effects of communications infrastructure and other traditionally-investigated, market-related factors on net investment inflows into developed versus emerging markets. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Hypotheses are developed and tested empirically using auto-regression analysis. Data are used from 38 countries (19 developing and 19 developed) over a ten-year period (1995-2004). Findings – Findings are consistent with the

Taewon Suh; David J. Boggs

2011-01-01

387

Subsidizing Housing Finance for the Poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearly all governments intervene in housing finance markets, primarily for social and political reasons. The availability of debt finance for housing is a critical component of a housing system. Housing is one of the largest investments in an economy, often the most significant parts of a household budget, and a key barometer of social well-being. When societies urbanize and real

Marja C. Hoek-Smit

388

7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart B of... - Grant Agreement (Public Bodies) for Site Development and/or Site Acquisition for Housing and/or...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Grant Agreement (Public Bodies) for Site Development and/or Site Acquisition for Housing...PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) RURAL DEVELOPMENT Section 601 Energy Impacted Area Development Assistance Program Pt. 1948,...

2010-01-01

389

The flexible house.  

PubMed

SUMMARY "The Flexible House: A Fairy Tale" is a fictionalized account of a long-term lesbian relationship, which uses the metaphor of building a house for the development of the relationship. The narrator invites a mysterious third woman into their home, and then must live with the aftershocks the house goes through. PMID:24786044

Werhane, K

1999-01-01

390

Developing a marketing plan for cheese in the Mexican market: an internship at Specialty Trading Corporation  

E-print Network

that are used in baked goods, cheeses, and ice cream blends. The company is small but has enormous growth potential, STC, in conjunction with DM Mexicana, a sister company in Mexico has identified cheese as a product that has strong importation potential... in April 1994. It will be presented to a company with whom Specialty Trading Corporation and DM Mexicana have had previous business dealings. The proposal will bc presented in a simple fashion, leaving many flexible details. It is called a "marketing...

Whiteley, Venetia Lane

1994-01-01

391

Abstract--We are developing robots for inspection of the under floor of houses. The developed robot system is reported in  

E-print Network

Abstract--We are developing robots for inspection of the under floor of houses. The developed robot for rescue purposes. As sensors, a pan-tilt-zoom camera, top-view camera and SOKUIKI sensor are used. We constructed a test field and verified the performance of the robot. I. INTRODUCTION HE inspection of under

Ohya, Akihisa

392

Improving energy efficiency: Strategies for supporting sustained market evolution in developing and transitioning countries  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a framework for considering market-oriented strategies for improving energy efficiency that recognize the conditions of developing and transitioning countries, and the need to strengthen the effectiveness of market forces in delivering greater energy efficiency. It discusses policies that build markets in general, such as economic and energy pricing reforms that encourage competition and increase incentives for market actors to improve the efficiency of their energy use, and measures that reduce the barriers to energy efficiency in specific markets such that improvement evolves in a dynamic, lasting manner. The report emphasizes how different policies and measures support one another and can create a synergy in which the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. In addressing this topic, it draws on the experience with market transformation energy efficiency programs in the US and other industrialized countries.

Meyers, S.

1998-02-01

393

Green energy market development in Germany: effective public policy and emerging customer demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the development of renewable energy in Germany from 1973 to 2003. It investigates the relative importance of energy policy and green power marketing in shaping the renewable energy market. More than a decade of consistent policy support for renewables under the feed-in law (StrEG) and its successor (EEG) has been an important driver for increasing renewable electricity

Rolf Wüstenhagen; Michael Bilharz

2006-01-01

394

Marketing Informal Education Institutions in Israel: The Centrality of Customers' Active Involvement in Service Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current paper outlines a unique marketing perspective that prevails in some informal education institutions in Israel parallel with "traditional modes of marketing", such as promotion, public relations and the like. Based on a case study research in five community centres, a service development based on active participation of the potential…

Oplatka, Izhar

2004-01-01

395

Public Marketing: An Alternative Policy Decision-Making Idea for Small Cities. Community Development Research Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of public marketing presents a strategy for the systems approach to community development that would facilitate the community decision making process via improved communication. Basic aspects of the social marketing process include: (1) product policy; (2) channels of distribution; (3) pricing (perceived price vs quality and quantity…

Meyers, James; And Others

396

Dimensions of Market Demand Associated with Taekwondo Schools in North America: Development of a Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the introduction of martial arts in the United States, the sport of Taekwondo (TKD) has rapidly grown and developed. Although the elevated interest in this sport has increased the magnitude of the TKD market, no systematic studies have been conducted to investigate the market demand variables associated with TKD schools in North America. To a great extent, lack of

Min Kil Kim; James J. Zhang; Yong Jae Ko

2009-01-01

397

Developing Marketable and Nutritious Menus for a New Children's Museum Restaurant  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: Train dietetic students to design creative, marketable and nutritious menus for a new children's museum weekend lunch cafeteria.Dietetic students enrolled in a Menu Planning course were asked to develop a budget, price nutritious recipes and design attractive and marketable menus for a future Children's Museum lunch restaurant. Students met with the museum director, interviewed staff members, as well

G. Chavent; B. Bentivegna

1997-01-01

398

Development of Marketing Strategy for Korean Online Game Industry Using a Two-Level SOM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the early 2000's, the online games have been recognized as a major profit model within E- commerce and have been developed into the core of the world cultural industries. However, online game industry has encountered higher competition in global market. To survive successfully in today's competitive online game markets, they need to determine who the target customers are and

Sang Chul Lee; Jae Kyeong Kim; Yung Ho Suh

399

Teaching Students To Develop a Website as a Tool for Marketing Pharmaceutical Care Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a classroom project in which pharmacy student teams developed a World Wide Web page to market a hypothetical pharmacy and promote pharmaceutical care services. The exercise successfully involved students in using both creative and analytic skills to gain hands-on experience in constructing a mission statement and marketing plan for a new…

Anderson-Harper, Heidi M.; Kavookjian, Jan; Munden, C. Dianne

1998-01-01

400

Edition Three, January 2010 Welcome to HOUSES!  

E-print Network

, interpretation and analysis of the residential property market: Editorial ­ page 3 We all know that house prices 13 Can households afford to buy the house of their dreams? Can households keep up with their mortgage

Evans, Paul

401

Edition One, July 2009 Welcome to HOUSES!  

E-print Network

, interpretation and analysis of the residential property market: Editorial ­ page 4 We all know that house prices to buy the house of their dreams? Can households keep up with their mortgage repayments? Mortgage lending

Evans, Paul

402

7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...housing marketing area, regardless of race, color, religion, sex, age, familial status...persons, including persons with impaired vision or hearing, can obtain information concerning...to obtaining housing because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial...

2011-01-01

403

HUD (Housing and Urban Development) Intermediate Minimum Property Standards Supplement 4930. 2 (1989 edition). Solar heating and domestic hot water systems  

SciTech Connect

The Minimum Property Standards for Housing 4910.1 were developed to provide a sound technical basis for housing under numerous programs of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). These Intermediate Minimum Property Standards for Solar Heating and Domestic Hot Water Systems are intended to provide a companion technical basis for the planning and design of solar heating and domestic hot water systems. These standards have been prepared as a supplement to the Minimum Property Standards (MPS) and deal only with aspects of planning and design that are different from conventional housing by reason of the solar systems under consideration. The document contains requirements and standards applicable to one- and two-family dwellings, multifamily housing, and nursing homes and intermediate care facilities references made in the text to the MPS refer to the same section in the Minimum Property Standards for Housing 4910.1.

Not Available

1989-12-01

404

Industrial robots in Europe - market, applications and developments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Different companies involving a wide range of products and manufacturing processes were studied to define the requirements for industrial robots. A survey of all such automatic units offered on the world market was made to establish a data base. Principal applications include coating, spot welding, and loading and unloading operations.

Schraft, R. D.

1975-01-01

405

Developing Social Marketing Capacity to Address Health Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Social marketing is increasingly being seen as a potentially effective means of pursuing health education practice generally and within various specific areas such as mental health and wellbeing and more broadly in tackling health inequalities. This paper aims to report and reflect on the authors' experiences of undertaking a health…

Whitelaw, S.; Smart, E.; Kopela, J.; Gibson, T.; King, V.

2011-01-01

406

Using open source data in developing competitive and marketing intelligence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper seeks to show how the increasingly popular use of data and information acquired from open sources (OS) impacts competitive and marketing intelligence (C\\/MI). It describes the current state of the art in analysis efforts of open source intelligence (OSINT) in business\\/commercial enterprises, examines the planning and execution challenges organizations are experiencing associated with effectively using and

Craig S. Fleisher

2008-01-01

407

Introducing Professional and Career Development Skills in the Marketing Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to recent studies in academic journals, business practitioners have expressed the view that marketing graduates lack certain professional and career skills. In addition, informal discussions with campus recruiters have suggested that their experience is very similar. This exploratory study reports the results of a survey of the…

Kelley, Craig A.; Bridges, Claudia

2005-01-01

408

Enterprise Information Space: User's View, Developer's View, and Market Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses experiences of Schlumberger IT Sourcing (Austin, Texas) in designing and deploying knowledge management (KM) systems and outlines the empathic design approach. The new "market" approach in Schlumberger which leads to the simplification of intranet systems and interfaces, creation of a new classification system, and better awareness of…

Vishik, Claire; Farquhar, Adam; Smith, Reid

1999-01-01

409

Global Marketing Networks and the Development of Trust  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global market has begun to effect organizations in most industries. Organizations are entering strategic alliances and networks of these alliances to reduce risk, exposure, and to compete effectively in a global context. This paper views the importance of the network of alliances from a dynamic capabilities perspective that builds off of the resource-based view of the firm.The paper explores

Timothy Kiessling; Michael Harvey

2005-01-01

410

7 CFR 1924.8 - Development work for modular/panelized housing units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...this subpart. Each set of drawings will contain the design of the foundation system required for the soil and slope conditions...and the house is being erected or placed on the foundation, to determine compliance with the accepted...

2010-01-01

411

77 FR 22599 - Department of Housing and Urban Development Summary of Public Comments, Response to Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...where appropriate. Response: One of the goals...chronically homeless individuals, and homeless...efficiency standards. Response: HUD understands...of housing for individuals. Several initiatives...and programs. Response: HUD knows that...inextricably tied to individual health and...

2012-04-16

412

Sources of nitrate in ground water in a sewered housing development, Central Long Island, New York  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Nitrate concentrations in ground water on Long Island, New York, have increased markedly in the last 30 years. A significant amount of this increase has been attributed to lawn and garden fertilizers in addition to cesspool and septic-tank discharges. The increase in nitrate concentration is of particular concern in the central and eastern part of the island, where ground water is the sole source of drinking water. Ground-water samples were collected from 14 wells screened near the water table in the sewered Twelve Pines housing development constructed in Medford, Suffolk County, in 1970. Samples were collected during 1972-79 and analyzed for total ammonium, organic nitrogen, and nitrate. Statistical analyses indicate that concentrations of nitrate-nitrogen in water from 10 of the wells increased significantly during 1972-79; those in water from the other four wells did not. Nitrogen loads were estimated to be 2,300 kg/yr from fertilizers, less than 80 kg/yr from irrigation water, 200 kg/yr from animals, and less than 670 kg/yr from precipitation. Leakage from sewers was considered negligible. Nitrate-nitrogen isotope ratios also suggest that the greatest source of nitrogen is from cultivation sources (either mineralized soil nitrogen or fertilizers) rather than human or animal wastes.

Flipse, W.J., Jr.; Katz, B.G.; Lindner, J.B.; Markel, R.

1984-01-01

413

Develop security architecture for both in-house healthcare information systems and electronic patient record  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we presented a new security approach to provide security measures and features in both healthcare information systems (PACS, RIS/HIS), and electronic patient record (EPR). We introduced two security components, certificate authoring (CA) system and patient record digital signature management (DSPR) system, as well as electronic envelope technology, into the current hospital healthcare information infrastructure to provide security measures and functions such as confidential or privacy, authenticity, integrity, reliability, non-repudiation, and authentication for in-house healthcare information systems daily operating, and EPR exchanging among the hospitals or healthcare administration levels, and the DSPR component manages the all the digital signatures of patient medical records signed through using an-symmetry key encryption technologies. The electronic envelopes used for EPR exchanging are created based on the information of signers, digital signatures, and identifications of patient records stored in CAS and DSMS, as well as the destinations and the remote users. The CAS and DSMS were developed and integrated into a RIS-integrated PACS, and the integration of these new security components is seamless and painless. The electronic envelopes designed for EPR were used successfully in multimedia data transmission.

Zhang, Jianguo; Chen, Xiaomeng; Zhuang, Jun; Jiang, Jianrong; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Wu, Dongqing; Huang, H. K.

2003-05-01

414

The Challenge of Assessing Creative Problem Solving in Client-Based Marketing Development Projects: A SOLO Taxonomy Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creativity and marketing imagination are essential core competencies for marketers. Therefore, higher marketing education emphasizes creativity in several ways. However, assessing creativity and creative problem solving is challenging and tools for this purpose have not been developed in the context of marketing education. To address this gap, we…

Jaskari, Minna-Maarit

2013-01-01

415

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategy for Small Diameter Douglas-fir  

E-print Network

potential to enter the market and make a profit. The target markets for the furniture are retailers ­ aimingUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategy the current status of the subject matter of a project/report". #12;Marketing Strategy for Small Diameter

416

The Development of Improved Energy Efficient Housing for Thailand Utilizing Renewable Energy Technology  

E-print Network

strategies and renewable energy technologies using the annualized life-cycle cost analysis method described in ASHRAE Handbook (ASHRAE, 1999; Haberl, 1993). RESULTS Measured Space Temperatures in the Case-study House The living room, bedroom-3... could be accomplished with an additional modest investment. Results of Economic Analysis An annualized life-cycle cost analysis of the case-study house, which included energy efficiency strategies and the renewable energy technologies...

Rasisuttha, S.; Haberl, J.

417

Beyond NIMBY and poverty deconcentration: reframing the outcomes of affordable rental housing development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policies and research around affordable rental housing remain stuck between the “rock” of not-in-my-backyard (NIMBY) fears and the “hard place” of deconcentrating poverty goals, leading to fragmented outcome measurement in contemporary project-based affordable rental housing programs. This article compares the motivations and results of existing research focused on NIMBY concerns around place to that of programs that promote the deconcentration

Corianne Payton Scally; Richard Koenig

2012-01-01

418

The Power of Positional Competition and Market Mechanism: A Case Study of Recent Parental Choice Development in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The positional competition reflected in the current parental choice fever in China is highlighted by the introduction of market mechanisms: buying houses near preferred schools, paying choice fees or co-founding fees, giving donations and spending money on spare time training classes, etc. All of these work effectively together with the…

Wu, Xiaoxin

2008-01-01

419

Thermo-structural development of the ITER ICRF strap housing module  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since March 2010 the preliminary design of the ITER ICRF Antennas have been developed by CYCLE, a consortium consisting of IPP (Garching), CCFE (Culham), CEA (Cadarache), Politecnico di Torino (Torino) and LPPERM/KMS (Brussels). This paper describes the steps taken to develop the present geometry of the triplet pair Strap Housing Module from a thermal and structural perspective, and shows the critical areas of the structure. Key issues are the manufacturability, (achieved by HIPing - Hot Isostatic Pressing), the ability to handle the radiating plasma thermal flux of 0.35 MW/m2, the RF losses and the neutronic radiation. HIPing is necessary to achieve the complicated system of cooling channels inside the structure, which divides the coolant equally in order to supply each strap in the triplet with 1 l/s of water. The components have also to withstand the strong mechanical forces generated by plasma disruptions affecting all internal structures and the elevated design cooling water pressure of 5MPa. In order to maximise reliability, joints between different materials in the cooling water system have been kept to a minimum. Therefore, in the interests of fabricability and availability, the whole structure is manufactured out of stainless steel (316L(N)IG). The low conductivity of 316L(N)IG demands small wall thicknesses to avoid hot spots; however this reduces the mechanical strength. Consequently an in depth FEM analysis is presented, which was used to find and to improve the critical aspects of this important component and was the best means of finding the optimum between thermal and mechanical performance.

Winkler, K.; Shannon, M.; Lockley, D.

2014-02-01

420

Renewable energy in Russia: markets, development and technology transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five potential markets in Russia offer commercial opportunities for renewable energy that are nearly cost-competitive with conventional forms of energy—grid-connected electricity from wind power, electricity for villages and small settlements from hybrid wind-diesel and biomass, district heating for buildings from biomass, hot water for buildings from solar thermal, and electricity and heat from geothermal. Over the last several decades the

E. Martinot

1999-01-01

421

Global niche markets and local development : clientelism and fairtrade farmer organizations in Paraguay's sugar industry  

E-print Network

Globalization has transformed the markets in which agricultural goods are traded, placing new demands on farmers around the world. In developing countries, smallholder and peasant farmers lack many of the resources needed ...

Setrini, Gustavo

2011-01-01

422

DEVELOPMENT, DESIGN AND CONSUMER TESTING OF MARKETABLE RESIDENTIAL LED LIGHT LUMINAIRES  

EPA Science Inventory

Developing marketable LED luminaires poses challenges, even though LEDs are energy-efficient and an ecological alternative to conventionally lighting. Challenges include: perceptions that the color rendition of LEDs is unacceptable to the public; numbers of LEDs must be grou...

423

Educational Research, Development, and Dissemination Excellence Act. House of Representatives, 103d Congress, 1st Session. Report To Accompany H.R. 856.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The House Committee on Education and Labor reports on the bill (H.R. 856) to improve education in the United States by promoting excellence in research, development, and the dissemination of information. The committee reports favorably on the bill, with an amendment, and recommends that the House pass the bill as amended. Consideration of H.R. 856…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

424

Development of U-Mart System with Plural Brands and Plural Markets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we first discuss the notion that artificial market systems should meet the requirements of fidelity, transparency, reproducibility, and traceability. Next, we introduce history of development of the artificial market system named U-Mart system that meet the requirements well, which have been developed by the U-Mart project. We have already developed the U-Mart system called “U-Mart system version 3.0” to solve problems of old U-Mart systems. In version 3.0 system, trading process is modularized and universal market system can be easily introduced.
However, U-Mart system version 3.0 only simulates the single brand futures market. The simulation of the plural brands and plural markets has been required by lot of users. In this paper, we proposed a novel U-Mart system called “U-Mart system version 4.0” to solve this problem of U-Mart system version 3.0. We improve the server system, machine agents and GUI in order to simulate plural brands and plural markets in U-Mart system version 4.0. The effectiveness of the proposed system is confirmed by statistical analysis of results of spot market simulation with random agents.

Akimoto, Yoshihito; Mori, Naoki; Ono, Isao; Nakajima, Yoshihiro; Kita, Hajime; Matsumoto, Keinosuke

425

Aaron House From: Aaron House  

E-print Network

1 Aaron House From: Aaron House Sent: Tuesday, January 28, 2014 3:27 PM To://finserv.uchicago.edu/award/benefits.shtml If you have questions, email finservhelp@lists.uchicago.edu Aaron House Training Manager

He, Chuan

426

Housing Policy, Subprime Mortgage Policy, and the Federal Housing Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes federal programs providing insurance and credit guarantees for housing. We analyze activities managed by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), the Veterans' Administration (VA), and the Government Sponsored Enterprises (GSEs). We review and quantify the public resources devoted to these programs - the market value of the federal insurance and credit guarantees provided. The review clearly establishes the

Dwight M. Jaffee; John M. Quigley

2007-01-01

427

Sustainable Housing Development in Urban Australia: exploring obstacles to and opportunities for ecocity efforts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basic aspects of sustainable housing design such as increasing density, mixed use and proximity to public transport are being adopted increasingly in Australian cities. Sustainable building codes such as NSW's BASIX and Victoria's Green Star rating systems are also being implemented and advanced. More substantial improvements and endeavours such as onsite food production, energy generation and waste treatment, are being

Louise Crabtree

2005-01-01

428

DEVELOPMENT OF VOCALISATIONS IN NESTLING AND FLEDGLING HOUSE WRENS IN NATURAL POPULATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a field study of the ontogeny of vocal signals in the house wren Troglodytes aedon during the nestling and fledgling phases of life. We did spectrographic analyses and quantification of the developmental changes that occurred in the acoustic features of the vocalisations. Evidence of progress to adult-like vocal patterns was of two types. First, nestling calls changed into

MALA H. SAWHNEY; MYRON C. BAKER; BRADLEY R. BISBEE

2006-01-01

429

Enabling energy efficiency for low-income housing in Developing countries using MIT Design Advisor  

E-print Network

There is a great need to improve energy efficiency of low-income housing, since people who can afford it least have to pay a significant portion of their income to make their homes more habitable or else live with greater ...

Ali, Zehra (Zehra Hyder)

2009-01-01

430

Cinematic College: "National Lampoon's Animal House" Teaches Theories of Student Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study is to analyze how potential college-bound and current college students make meaning about the higher education experience from the legendary film that is pivotal in the American college culture, sets the trend for future college-themed films, and is a national phenomenon--"National Lampoon's Animal House"…

Tucciarone, Krista M.

2007-01-01

431

45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

2011-10-01

432

45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

2013-10-01

433

45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

2012-10-01

434

45 CFR 287.130 - Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2012-10-01 true Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic development activities? 287... § 287.130 Can NEW Program activities include job market assessments, job creation and economic...

2014-10-01

435

Expecting the unexpected: applying the Develop-Distort Dilemma to maximize positive market impacts in health.  

PubMed

Although health interventions start with good intentions to develop services for disadvantaged populations, they often distort the health market, making the delivery or financing of services difficult once the intervention is over: a condition called the 'Develop-Distort Dilemma' (DDD). In this paper, we describe how to examine whether a proposed intervention may develop or distort the health market. Our goal is to produce a tool that facilitates meaningful and systematic dialogue for practitioners and researchers to ensure that well-intentioned health interventions lead to productive health systems while reducing the undesirable distortions of such efforts. We apply the DDD tool to plan for development rather than distortions in health markets, using intervention research being conducted under the Future Health Systems consortium in Bangladesh, China and Uganda. Through a review of research proposals and interviews with principal investigators, we use the DDD tool to systematically understand how a project fits within the broader health market system, and to identify gaps in planning for sustainability. We found that while current stakeholders and funding sources for activities were easily identified, future ones were not. The implication is that the projects could raise community expectations that future services will be available and paid for, despite this actually being uncertain. Each project addressed the 'rules' of the health market system differently. The China research assesses changes in the formal financing rules, whereas Bangladesh and Uganda's projects involve influencing community level providers, where informal rules are more important. In each case, we recognize the importance of building trust between providers, communities and government officials. Each project could both develop and distort local health markets. Anyone intervening in the health market must recognize the main market perturbations, whether positive or negative, and manage them so as to maximize the benefits to the health system and population health. PMID:23014153

Peters, David H; Paina, Ligia; Bennett, Sara

2012-10-01

436

A Brief Review of Histoty, Present Status, Developments and Market Overview of Liquid Crystal Displays  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the present status, recent developments, future trend and market of liquid crystal displays. It also describes the historical developments very briefly. Today over 99% of LCDs are twisted nematic and their dominance is expected to continue in the near future. Recent developments in polarizers, glass plates, sealing, alignment, liquid crystal materials, etc., are described. Advances in multiplexing,

Birendra Bahadur

1983-01-01

437

THE IMPORTANCE OF LAND ADMINISTRATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LAND MARKETS - A GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the growing pressures on land administration systems and examines the effectiveness or otherwise of current responses. It cites examples from around the world, including less developed countries, drawing attention to the need for sustainable development and the role that land administration plays in support of such a goal. It comments on the development of land markets

Peter Dale

2000-01-01

438

Developing an inventor support service which performs early stage market and manufacturing evaluations. Final report  

SciTech Connect

American businesses are learning the difficult high cost lesson of ignoring production and market factors (producibility, unit product cost (UPC), marketability, etc) during the engineering design phase of product development. Studies have shown that the Japanese spend three times as long as Americans in the design feasibility and decision process of new product introductions and one third the amount of time in the implementation of those products. There is a 20 to 1 cost benefit on effort applied in the design phase versus the production phase of the product life cycle. The number one goal of this project was to establish an organization that has, as one of its purposes, the providing of services responsive to the needs of independent inventors. The number two goal was to demonstrate the value of providing marketing and manufacturing counsel at an early stage in the product development process. The first study goal was met by providing the materials and information necessary to establish an evaluation team and an organization to handle such evaluations. The second study goal was met by demonstrating the impact of early market analysis and manufacturing considerations on product design and therefore on the description of the invention for four different inventions. These inventions were selected at various stages of development. Regardless of stage of development, the marketing and manufacturing reviews resulted in significant changes in design and/or market positioning.

Not Available

1991-10-01

439

Developing an inventor support service which performs early stage market and manufacturing evaluations. [Final Report  

SciTech Connect

American businesses are learning the difficult high cost lesson of ignoring production and market factors (producibility, unit product cost (UPC), marketability, etc) during the engineering design phase of product development. Studies have shown that the Japanese spend three times as long as Americans in the design feasibility and decision process of new product introductions and one third the amount of time in the implementation of those products. There is a 20 to 1 cost benefit on effort applied in the design phase versus the production phase of the product life cycle. The number one goal of this project was to establish an organization that has, as one of its purposes, the providing of services responsive to the needs of independent inventors. The number two goal was to demonstrate the value of providing marketing and manufacturing counsel at an early stage in the product development process. The first study goal was met by providing the materials and information necessary to establish an evaluation team and an organization to handle such evaluations. The second study goal was met by demonstrating the impact of early market analysis and manufacturing considerations on product design and therefore on the description of the invention for four different inventions. These inventions were selected at various stages of development. Regardless of stage of development, the marketing and manufacturing reviews resulted in significant changes in design and/or market positioning.

Not Available

1991-10-01

440

Coal-fueled high-speed diesel engine development: Task 2, Market assessment and economic analysis  

SciTech Connect

Based on the preliminary coal engine design developed, this task was conducted to identify the best opportunity(s) to enter the market with the future coal-fueled, high-speed diesel engine. The results of this market and economic feasibility assessment will be used to determine what specific heavy duty engine application(s) are most attractive for coal fuel, and also define basic economic targets for the engine to be competitive.

Not Available

1991-12-01

441

The Application of Stakeholder Theory to Relationship Marketing Strategy Development in a Non-profit Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Non-profit (NP) organizations present complex challenges in managing stakeholder relationships, particularly during times\\u000a of environmental change. This places a premium on knowing which stakeholders really matter if an effective relationship marketing\\u000a strategy is to be developed. This article presents the successful application of a model, which combines Mitchell’s theory\\u000a of stakeholder saliency and Coviello’s framework of contemporary marketing practices in

Simon Knox; Colin Gruar

2007-01-01

442

Developing a strategic framework for the WiBro service in the global market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research presents a strategic framework, associated with a standardization strategy, to achieve successful commercialization\\u000a of the WiBro (brand service name for WiMAX) service on the global market. Although WiBro was the first wireless broadband\\u000a internet technology in the world to be developed, commercialized and subsequently designated as an international standard,\\u000a its performance on the global market has been without

Bong Gyou Lee; Hyunsik Seo; Soung Young Om; Junseok Oh; Jeongseon Seol

443

Houses for Dorchester  

E-print Network

The intent of this thesis is to develop a design for thirty units of housing responding to the development objectives of the Nuestra Comunidad Development Corporation (NCDC) in the Upham Corner district of Dorchester. It ...

Chalmers, Thomas C. (Thomas Clark)

1987-01-01

444

Maddening Myths of Agricultural Marketing in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some officials in developing country governments, development experts, and donor agency representatives adhere to false assumptions about the organization and performance of food systems in developing countries and to preconceptions about the roles of certain participants in the food system. While these views may have at least a partial basis in fact, empirical studies have generally shown that the views

John S. Holtzman

1989-01-01

445

Development of sputter coatings for the gravity probe B gyroscope housings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cu/Ti coatings have been applied by sputter deposition to fused quartz housings to serve as the electrodes and lands of electrostatically supported gyroscopes. Niobium-coated fused quartz gyro rotors have been successfully suspended and spun up in those housings. The Cu/Ti bilayer coating and alternative multilayer coatings (Cu/Mo, Mo/Cu/Ti and Mo/Cu/Mo) with 2-micron thickness produced by sputter deposition on flat, fused quartz substrates have been examined with scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and four-point resistivity measurement techniques. The multilayer coatings with a molybdenum bonding layer appear to produce smoother surfaces than those with a titanium bonding layer. All multilayer coatings survived thermal cycling to 77 K without adhesion failure.

Zhou, P.; Cheung, S.; Lydic, T.; Turneaure, J. P.

1988-01-01

446

Does market exclusivity hinder the development of Follow-on Orphan Medicinal Products in Europe?  

PubMed Central

Background We determined whether the market exclusivity incentive of the European Orphan Drug Regulation results in a market monopoly or that absence of another Orphan Medicinal Product (OMP) for the same rare disorder, a so-called follow-on OMP, is a matter of time or market size. In the interest of rare disorder patients better understanding of the effect of the market exclusivity incentive on follow-on OMP development is warranted. Methods First, the impact of various market-, product- and disease-related characteristics on follow-on OMP development in the EU was determined by comparing rare disorders with an approved OMP and at least one follow-on OMP (N = 26), with rare disorders with an approved OMP and no follow-on OMP (N = 18). Next, we determined whether manufacturers continued development of a follow-on OMP upon approval of the first OMP for the intended rare disorder. Since in the EU significant benefit of an OMP has to be established, we determined for each follow-on OMP for which development was continued on what grounds significant benefit was assumed by the sponsor. Data were collected from the public domain only. Results The likelihood of a rare disorder with an approved OMP to obtain at least one follow-on OMP development was strongly associated with disease prevalence, turnover of the first OMP, disease class, disease-specific scientific output and age of onset. Out of a total of 120 follow-on OMPs only one follow-on OMP could be identified for which development was discontinued upon approval of the first OMP for the same rare disorder. Only a substantial level of discontinuation of follow-on OMP development would have indicated the existence of a market monopoly. Moreover, sponsors that continued development of a follow-on OMP predominantly assumed that their product had an improved efficacy compared to the first approved OMP. Conclusions This study provides evidence that absence of follow-on OMP development is a matter of time or market size, rather than that the market exclusivity incentive of the European Orphan Drug Regulation creates a market monopoly. PMID:21892964

2011-01-01

447

The Role of the House Dust Mite-Induced Innate Immunity in Development of Allergic Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

House dust mite (HDM) represents one of the most common sources of aeroallergens worldwide and more than 50% of allergic patients are sensitized to these allergenic molecules. HDM allergy research in the past has been mainly focused on adaptive, mite allergen-dependent immune responses. In recent years it has become clear that, although the allergen-specific CD4+ Th2 cellsorchestrate HDM allergic response,the

Alain Jacquet

2011-01-01

448

Sustainable Urban Housing in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

As China is becoming more urbanized, about 3.5 million units of housing are built every year. It is very important to develop sustainable urban housing in China. A team of researchers and developers from the USA and China have worked together to develop several housing projects in Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen. These designs are neither \\

Qingyan CHEN; Leon GLICKSMAN; Juintow LIN; Andrew SCOTT

449

Crafts Development and Marketing Manual. Appropriate Technologies for Development. Peace Corps Information Collection & Exchange Manual Series No. M-24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was developed to help Peace Corps volunteers assist local craftspeople in developing nations in initiating and operating small businesses to produce and market their products. The manual is organized in eight chapters that cover the following topics: the crafts environment, common problems and solutions for a crafts business,…

Ramsay, Caroline C.; And Others

450

Aaron House From: Aaron House  

E-print Network

1 Aaron House From: Aaron House Sent: Thursday, February 27, 2014 9:50 AM To the webinar. Aaron House Training Manager University Research Administration The University of Chicago House [mailto:ahouse@uchicago.edu] Sent: Friday, February 21, 2014 1:19 PM To: Grantsadmin

He, Chuan

451

Charlie's House Marketing Communications Plan  

E-print Network

. 13 Correlations between income and accidental death become more apparent when examined by quintiles. The lowest income quintile experienced 100 accidental childhood deaths between 1990 and 2009. City State Zip Codes (excluding P.O. Box... quintile experienced 97 accidental childhood deaths between 1990 and 2009. City State Zip Codes (excluding P.O. Box Zips ) Estimated 2009 Income Deaths 1990- 2009 (0 years to 15 years) Deaths by Income Quintiles Kansas City KS 66103 33739 5...

Patch, Aaron; Shoptaw, Carrie; Kopp, Melissa

2012-05-08

452

DECENTRALIZATION, MARKETIZATION, AND GLOBALIZATION: THE TRIPLE PROCESSES UNDERLYING REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN CHINA  

Microsoft Academic Search

China since the late 1970s has implemented a series of reforms and has undergone profound changes. This paper analyzes the three fundamental processes of China's economic reforms—decentralization, marketization, and globalization, and argues that an understanding of these triple transitions is necessary for a better understanding of regional development in China. These changes also have had significant implications for the development

Yehua Dennis WEI

2001-01-01

453

The development of the European market for organic products: insights from a Delphi study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is present experiences using a well-established forecasting tool, the Delphi method, to explore the dynamics of, and prospects for the development of the market for organic food in Europe. Delphi, developed by the Rand co-operation to improve military technology forecasting, uses expert feedback to refine an informed perspective on complex or uncertain issues.

Susanne Padel; Peter Midmore

2005-01-01

454

Strategies to Promote Market-Oriented Smallholder Agriculture in Developing Countries: A Case of Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smallholder Agriculture is key to livelihoods of many rural households in developing and transition economies. In Kenya, small farms account for over 75% of total agricultural production and nearly 50% of the marketed output. Despite favourable trends in global development drivers such as rising population, per capita incomes and emerging urban dietary preferences, most smallholder farmers remain poor. This study

John M. Omiti; David Jakinda Otieno; Ellen McCullough; Timothy O. Nyanamba

2008-01-01

455

UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategy for the UBC / Alex Fraser Research Forest  

E-print Network

;6 ABSTRACT The markets that I wish to target are companies within the secondary wood industry whoUBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Marketing Strategy Industry Marketing Strategy for the UBC / Alex Fraser Research Forest By Shaun St-Amour #98924970 ? #12

456

Developing Critical Thinking and Interpersonal Skills in a Services Marketing Course Employing Total Quality Management Concepts and Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article posits that total quality management (TQM) techniques can assist educators in developing critical thinking and interpersonal skills in a services marketing course. Literature addressing pedagogical deficiencies in U.S. business schools is reviewed, and key points regarding services marketing are highlighted. TQM techniques are then linked to teaching exercises conducted in a services marketing class.

John R. Ronchetto; Tom A. Buckles

1994-01-01

457

Agricultural Diversification and Marketing. Instructional Materials Developed for Secondary, Postsecondary, and Continuing Education Agriculture Programs in Iowa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These instructional materials on agricultural diversification and marketing were developed for use by Iowa's vocational and technical agricultural instructors and extension personnel. This document is one of three manuals making up a single package. (The other two are Christmas Tree Production and Marketing and Sod Production and Marketing). The…

Iowa State Dept. of Agriculture, Des Moines.

458

Spatial Dependence and House Price Index Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accurate estimation of prevailing metropolitan housing prices is important for both business and research investigations of housing and mortgage markets. This is typically done by constructing quality-adjusted house price indices from hedonic price regressions for given metropolitan areas. A major limitation of currently available indices is their insensitivity to the geographic location of dwellings within the metropolitan area. Indices are

Ay se Can; Isaac Megbolugbe

1997-01-01

459

Maastricht treaty: Consequences for national housing policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

European integration will have several effects on national housing policies. The major responsibility for policy formulation and policy implementation in housing will remain with national and local governments. Nevertheless, the Maastricht Treaty will have important implications for housing through several channels: factor mobility, competition policy and liberalisation of markets, economic growth, lower inflation, cuts in government spending, tax harmonisation and

Hugo Priemus; Mark Kleinman; Duncan Maclennan; Bengt Turner

1994-01-01

460

House Allocation With Fractional Endowments Stergios Athanassoglou  

E-print Network

to her peers. For this general model, we design an algorithm to find a fractional allocation of houses house, we recover the housing market model, first considered by Shapley and Scarf [8]. For this model, Shapley and Scarf proposed the Top-Trading Cycles mechanism (attributed to Gale) that finds the unique

Sethuraman, Jay

461

Evidence on Discrimination in Consumer Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economists have contributed to the measurement of racial and ethnic discrimination in consumption and to the identification of its causes, especially in housing markets and car sales. To test the hypothesis that discrimination exists, economists have turned to regression analysis and to audits, a matched-pair survey technique. Economists also have developed audit-based measures of the incidence and severity of discrimination.

John Yinger

1998-01-01

462

Development of a dynamic model to predict PM10 emissions from swine houses.  

PubMed

Influences on dust emissions from livestock operations are number, weight, and kind of animals and characteristics of the housing system. Differences between facilities cannot be explained solely by mechanistic input variables. The objective of this study was to characterize the main input variables for modeling emissions of particulate matter with a mass median diameter < or = 10 microm (PM10) from swine facilities using a data-based model. Investigations were performed in mechanically ventilated facilities for weaning, growing-finishing, and sows in Italy and Germany. The measurements included inside and outside concentration of airborne PM10 particles (scatter light photometry), ventilation rate (calibrated measuring fans), indoor air climate at a measuring frequency of 60 s, feeding times, and animal-related data such as weight and animal activity. Dust concentration and emission were simulated using a dynamic transfer function. The results indicated that the average PM10 emission rate was influenced considerably by housing system. The simulation of the PM10 emission rate resulted in a mean percentage error per data set of 21 to 39%, whereas the average simulated and measured emission rate per data set differed by about 4 to 19%. High prediction errors occurred especially during situations in which the absolute level and spatial location of the measured activity peaks did not correspond with the measured dust peaks. Further recommendations of the study were to improve continuous and accurate measurements of input variables, such as the activity level in animal houses, and to optimize the amount of measuring days in relation to the model accuracy. PMID:18396541

Haeussermann, Angelika; Costa, Annamaria; Aerts, Jean-Marie; Hartung, Eberhard; Jungbluth, Thomas; Guarino, Marcella; Berckmans, Daniel

2008-01-01

463

75 FR 26271 - Fair Housing Initiatives Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Pages 26271-26272] [FR Doc No: 2010-11076...HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT [Docket No. FR-5376-N-33] Fair Housing Initiatives Program AGENCY...applicants to receive funds under the Fair Housing Initiatives Program...

2010-05-11

464

Energy efficiency initiatives in emerging markets and developing countries  

SciTech Connect

During Secretary O`Leary`s missions to India, Pakistan, China, and South Africa, energy efficiency and sustainable energy development have been important focus areas. The missions have provided opportunities to discuss energy efficiency, sustainable energy development and economic progress with the host countries and to identify areas where there are opportunities for cooperative ventures in energy efficiency technologies and practices that will lead to both economic and environmental benefits. The format for the development of opportunities in the above countries has been for the Department of Energy (DOE) to work with a broad cross section of industrial companies, energy efficiency organizations and other interested parties to develop country specific teams with designated team leaders for each area identified during the mission. The US teams then draft action plans which serve as a basis for discussion with their international counterparts leading to mutually acceptable implementation plans. US country specific coordinating committees comprising DOE personnel and team leaders plan to hold meeting with their international counterparts to review progress and overcome any issues or barriers encountered. The paper describes the progress made to date with specific examples from the US-China and US-India teams. Also described is the energy efficiency and renewable energy initiative recently undertaken with Ghana by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The paper is not meant to be a comprehensive review of DOE`s international energy efficiency activities and will concentrate only on the aforementioned countries.

Salmon-Cox, P.H. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States). Office of Industrial Technologies

1996-12-31

465

Web Development: Estimating Quick-to-Market Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the years, I have become confident in my ability to estimate software costs and schedules. I guess that such confidence comes to us in the industry who have developed hundreds and hundreds of estimates. Of course, we have inserted mature processes, metrics and estimating models to accomplish this feat in a disciplined and repeatable manner. We have invested in

Donald J. Reifer

2000-01-01

466

ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF INTERNET HOTEL MARKETING IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the continuously increasing number of published work on the use of the Internet in tourism and hospitality literature, little has been written specifically on issues faced by hoteliers in developing countries and how they could learn from other successful practices. Indeed, analyzing the well performing destinations would provide useful insights for hoteliers in less performing counterparts around the world

Norman Au; Erdogan H. Ekiz

2009-01-01

467

Does Skill-Development Make Elderly Japanese More Marketable?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work incentives for the elderly Japanese male are much higher relative to those for the elderly in the other developed countries. The 2005 International Comparison of Old-Age Persons' Attitude about Life Finance (K?reisha no seikatsu to ishiki ni kansuru kokusai hikaku ch?sa), conducted by the Cabinet Office, asks the elderly male about a desirable retirement age regardless of his current

Shinya Kajitani

468

Contract-based electricity markets in developing countries: Overcoming inefficiency constraints  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The electric utility sector throughout the world has been undergoing significant changes. It is changing from its traditional, central-station generation model managed under a vertically integrated monopoly to a more market-dependent business. In the rich industrialized countries, this change has progressed rapidly with the emergence of competitive markets---not only in the area of electricity generation, but also in the extension of such markets down to the level of retail domestic consumer. Developing countries, on the other hand, are trying to attract much-needed investment capital for their power sector expansion activities, particularly for the expansion of generating capacity, through the involvement of the private sector. Unlike their industrialized counterparts, they are facing many limitations in transforming the mostly government-owned monopolies into market-driven businesses, thereby creating an environment that is conducive to private sector participation. Amongst these limitations are the lack of a well-developed, local private sector or domestic financial market that can handle the sophisticated power sector financing; inadequate legal and regulatory frameworks that can address the many complexities of private power development; and numerous risk factors including political risks. This dissertation research addresses an important inefficiency faced by developing countries in the new contract-based market structure that has emerged within these countries. It examines the inefficiencies brought on by restrictions in the contracts, specifically those arising from the guaranteed purchase conditions that are typically included in contracts between the purchasing utility and independent power producers in this new market. The research attempts to provide a solution for this problem and proposes a methodology that enables the parties to conduct their businesses in a cost-efficient manner within a cooperative environment. The situation described above is modeled as a cooperative game based on the relationships that typically exist in power pools. This model draws its mathematical basis from game theory. This research demonstrates that the proposed model has a theoretical solution that yields an efficient allocation of resources. Furthermore, this solution has a significant practical validity as a tool that can be employed by developing country governments faced with similar market situations. In the case study presented here, the model is tested using data from a small developing country.

Perera, M. N. Susantha

469

Positioning patient-perceived medical services to develop a marketing strategy.  

PubMed

In today's medical market, marketing philosophy is being rapidly transformed from customer searching to patient satisfaction and service improvement. The principal objective of this study was to contribute to the establishment of a desirable medical marketing strategy, through the factors of customer satisfaction and the positioning of patients' perceptions by marketing institutions. The data were collected from 282 students of the College of Public Health and Medicine in Seoul. The survey tools were developed using the SERVQUAL scale. Analysis in this study involved both statistical and network analysis. The former was used to verify the determinants of service satisfaction as perceived by respondents, via factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. The latter was obtained using a positioning map and 2-mode network analysis with the matrix data converted from raw data. The determining factors for patient satisfaction were identified as facilities, accessibility, process, physicians, and medical staff. The regression equation was significant (R = 0.606), and the most influential variable was the service quality of physicians (? = .569). According to multidimensional scaling, the positioning of medical institutions indicated that patients' perceptions were affected by hospital size and specialization. By recognizing and managing patient satisfaction, medical institutions are able to foster customer loyalty and, in turn, to enhance service quality. It is necessary to develop an adequate marketing mix to provide better medical services and to overcome medical competition among institutions. PMID:22281998

Jung, Minsoo; Hong, Myung-Sun

2012-01-01

470

75 FR 52689 - Multifamily Housing Reform and Affordability Act: Projects Eligible for a Restructuring Plan...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...UMRA. List of Subjects in 24 CFR Part 401 Grant programs--Housing and community development, Housing, Housing assistance payments, Housing standards, Insured loans, Loan programs-- Housing and community development, Low and...

2010-08-27

471

Microsimulation of Residential Land Development and Household Location Choices: Bidding for Land in Austin, Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates single-family residential development for housing market equilibria using microeconomic theory and disaggregate spatial data. Mixed logit models and notions of price competition are used to simulate household location choices for three different household segments, assuming job sites of household members are known. Consistent with bid-rent theory, housing market equilibrium was reached in an iterative fashion. The spatial

Kara M. Kockelman

2008-01-01

472

An exploration of the applicability of situational segmentation in the health care market: development of a situational taxonomy.  

PubMed

Competition in the health care market has intensified in recent years. Health care providers are increasingly adopting innovative marketing techniques to secure their positions in the marketplace. This paper examines an innovative marketing technique, situational segmentation, and assesses its applicability to the health care market. Situational segmentation has proven useful in many consumer goods markets but has received little attention in the context of health care marketing. A two-stage research process is used to develop a taxonomy of situational factors pertinent to health care choice. In stage one, focus group interviews are used to gather information which is instrumental to questionnaire development. In stage two, the responses of 151 subjects to a 51 item questionnaire are factor analyzed. The results demonstrate that situational segmentation is a viable strategy in the health care market. PMID:10105663

Gehrt, K C; Pinto, M B

1990-01-01

473

Developing hydropower in Washington state. Volume 2: An electricity marketing manual  

Microsoft Academic Search

An electricity marketing manual for the potential small and micro-hydroelectric project developer within the state of Washington is presented. Public utility regulatory policies (PURPA) requires electric utilities to interconnect with and pay a rate based on their full avoided costs for the purchase of electrical output from qualifying small power production facilities. The determination of avoided costs, as business organizational

J. W. James; G. A. McCoy

1982-01-01

474

DEVELOPMENT OF THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION IN ALBANIA IN THE NEW ERA OF MARKET ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we give an overview of the most important developments that the accounting profession has experienced ever since Albania switched from a closed economy to an open market one. We put forth a discussion about the factors that recently seem to represent major challenges for the accountants. We identify as two of the most important and emergent challenges

Rezarta Shkurti; Brikena Leka

2010-01-01

475

From principles to practice – ten critical challenges for BDS market development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The BDS market development field has clearly made progress in its first few years of activity. However, to further advance the field - and to address incipient signs that spread has not been accompanied by depth in understanding - it now needs to confront ten critical challenges. These are concerned with reasserting the analytical rigour that underpins the approach, with

Marshall Bear; Alan Gibson; Rob Hitchins

2003-01-01

476

The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thriving markets require not only an appropriately designed economic system, but a secure political foundation that limits the ability of the state to confiscate wealth. This requires a form of limited government, that is, political institutions that credibly commit the state to honor economic and political rights. This article studies how limited government arose in the developed West, focusing on

Barry R. Weingast

1995-01-01

477

Economic Restructuring and Labour Market Developments in the New EU Member States  

Microsoft Academic Search

· Job creation in the new EU Member States (NMS) and the EU candidate countries remains low despite high GDP growth in most countries. However, there are significant differences in developments among these countries (most recently between Poland and the other new Member States). · Labour markets in the NMS\\/candidate countries differ significantly from those of the EU 15 countries

Michael Landesmann; Hermine Vidovic; Terry Ward

2004-01-01

478

Argonne Lab and U. of Chicago Form a Partnership to Develop and Market Their Scientists' Inventions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four investors have committed $8.5 million to start companies based on discoveries made at the University of Chicago and the Argonne National Laboratory. It may be the first venture-capital fund to market products flowing from a federal laboratory. Graduate student volunteers are doing most of the development work. (MSE)

McMillen, Liz

1989-01-01

479

Developing and Teaching an Online MBA Marketing Research Class: Implications for Online Learning Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors intend to describe the experience of developing and teaching an online marketing research class for master of business administration students. The class has been taught for four fall semesters. Each time, the class also completed an online survey, analyzed the resulting data, and wrote a detailed report for a real client. The course…

Sun, Qin; Ganesh, Gopala

2014-01-01

480

A Marketing and Distributive Education Curriculum Development Plan with Student Learning Objectives. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project was conducted to design marketing and distributive education (MDE) student learning objectives and an MDE curriculum development plan. The objectives of this project were met through the following procedures: (1) basic MDE task research was identified; (2) a task force of two MDE teacher coordinators and the project director grouped…

Wilson, Blaine R.

481

Retailing I: A Foundation for Marketing and Distributive Education Curriculum Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to serve as a foundation for competency-based marketing and distributive education curriculum development, this package consists of task lists, performance objectives, and performance guides for use in planning an introductory level retailing course. Job descriptions are given for receiving clerks, stock clerks, and salespersons/sales…

Smith, Kathryn Scruggs

482

Using Innovative Technology to Develop Sustainable Assessment Practices in Marketing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Timely, constructive feedback on assessment is critically important to students and yet is increasingly difficult for time-poor academics to consistently provide. Marketing educators also face pressure to incorporate sustainability into both the curriculum and practices such as assessment. This article outlines the development of an innovative…

Debuse, Justin C. W.; Lawley, Meredith

2011-01-01

483

Matching of Developed Generic Competences of Graduates in Higher Education with Labour Market Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education provides graduates with both monetary and non-monetary benefits. Globalization and technological developments foster utilitarian approach, therefore the transmission of competences that are relevant in labour market is an important target for higher education institutions. The paper presents findings of research on the match of…

Pukelis, Kestutis; Pileicikiene, Nora

2012-01-01

484

The collapse of the Railway Mania, the development of capital markets, and Robert Lucas Nash, a  

E-print Network

The collapse of the Railway Mania, the development of capital markets, and Robert Lucas Nash version, June 25, 2011 Abstract. It is well known that the great Railway Mania in Britain in the 1840s had performance of railways that were more penetrating and systematic than those available to the public from any

Odlyzko, Andrew M.

485

Does new public management work in reforming the state's role in agricultural marketing in developing countries?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research investigated the extent to which 'new public management' style reforms (in which the state confines itself to contracting, guiding, facilitating and financing in providing public services, rather than delivering them itself through civil service organizations) are successful in the institutional context of developing countries. Studies of reform of public services to agricultural marketing were conducted in Ghana, India,

Michael Hubbard; Marisol Smith

1999-01-01

486

Budget Deficits and Inflation: The Roles of Central Bank Independence and Financial Market Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the relationship between budget deficits and inflation with the view that the nature of this relationship depends on the characteristics of monetary and financial institutions. The main hypothesis is that budget deficits are especially inflationary when both the central bank is not independent and the financial market is not developed enough to contain inflationary expectations. The empirical

Bilin Neyapti

2003-01-01

487

A Framework for Effective Global Marketing for Developing Country Public Sector Enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public sector organizations show distinct differences in structure, management, philosophy, and performance when compared to private sector organizations. In recent years, however, public sector organizations have emerged as important income contributors and a potent technology source to developing countries through their active internalization efforts. Public sector organizations have begun to enter and operate in international markets, due to the home-country

Erdener Kaynak; Ali Kara

1996-01-01

488

Enhancing microfinance outreach through market-oriented new service development in Indian regional rural banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Hitherto, assessments of the effectiveness of Indian microfinance institutions in achieving their economic and social goals have largely identified only limited success. Critics of Indian regional rural banks (RRBs) and their prevailing culture have argued that a product-focused rather than a market-oriented approach to new service development (NSD) is responsible for their inadequate performance. With this in mind,

Philip Megicks; Atul Mishra; Jonathan Lean

2005-01-01

489

Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program: High Performance Manufactured Home Prototyping and Construction Development  

SciTech Connect

The Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), and Northwest Energy Works (NEW), the current Northwest Energy Efficient Manufactured Housing Program (NEEM) administrator, have been collaborating to conduct research on new specifications that would improve on the energy requirements of a NEEM home. In its role as administrator, NEW administers the technical specs, performs research and engineering analysis, implements ongoing construction quality management procedures, and maintains a central database with home tracking. This project prototyped and assessed the performances of cost-effective high performance building assemblies and mechanical systems that are not commonly deployed in the manufacturing setting. The package of measures is able to reduce energy used for space conditioning, water heating and lighting by 50 percent over typical manufactured homes produced in the northwest.

Hewes, T.; Peeks, B.

2013-11-01

490

Level of Economic Development of a Firms Country of Domicile and the Patterns in Stock Market Reaction Surrounding U.S Earnings Announcements: A Test of the Global Market Segment Hypothesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the level of economic development as a proxy for the degree of capital market segmentation, this study tests the global market segmentation hypothesis, which predicts that the magnitude of the market's reaction to an earnings announcement of an American Depositary Receipt (ADR) firm will vary systematically with the extent to which the firm's home country capital market is segmented.

2003-01-01

491

Sustainable housing for low?income communities: lessons for South Africa in local and other developing world cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

South Africa’s housing backlog continues to grow amid delivery focused more on quantum than on a consideration of the principles of sustainable construction. South Africa needs to move away from its existing poor environmental and housing conditions in the informal and low?income settlements and address its housing backlog by considering all the principles of sustainable construction. Using a case study

Nicole Ross; Paul Anthony Bowen; David Lincoln

2010-01-01

492

24 CFR 1006.215 - Housing management services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.215 Housing management services. NHHBG funds may be...

2010-04-01

493

24 CFR 1006.201 - Eligible affordable housing activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.201 Eligible affordable housing activities. Eligible...

2011-04-01

494

24 CFR 1006.201 - Eligible affordable housing activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.201 Eligible affordable housing activities. Eligible...

2014-04-01

495

24 CFR 1006.201 - Eligible affordable housing activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.201 Eligible affordable housing activities. Eligible...

2013-04-01

496

24 CFR 1006.215 - Housing management services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.215 Housing management services. NHHBG funds may be...

2011-04-01

497

24 CFR 1006.215 - Housing management services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.215 Housing management services. NHHBG funds may be...

2014-04-01

498

24 CFR 1006.201 - Eligible affordable housing activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC AND INDIAN HOUSING, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT NATIVE HAWAIIAN HOUSING BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM Eligible Activities § 1006.201 Eligible affordable housing activities. Eligible...

2012-04-01

499

Trend analysis of the pharmaceutical market in Iran; 1997–2010; policy implications for developing countries  

PubMed Central

Background So far, no detailed study of the Iranian pharmaceutical market has been conducted, and only a few studies have analyzed medicine consumption and expenditure in Iran. Pharmaceutical market trend analysis remains one of the most useful instruments to evaluate the pharmaceutical systems efficiency. An increase in imports of medicines, and a simultaneous decrease in domestic production prompted us to investigate the pharmaceutical expenditure structure. On the other hand, analyzing statistics provides a suitable method to assess the outcomes of national pharmaceutical policies and regulations. Methods This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study which investigates the Iranian pharmaceutical market over a 13-year period (1997–2010). This study used the Iranian pharmaceutical statistical datasheet published by the Iranian Ministry of Health. Systematic searches of the relevant Persian and English research literature were made. In addition, official government documents were analyzed as sources of both data and detailed statements of policy. Results Analysis of the Iranian pharmaceutical market in the 13-year period shows that medicine consumption sales value growth has been 28.38% annually. Determination of domestic production and import reveals that 9.3% and 42.3% annual growth, respectively, have been experienced. Conclusions The Iranian pharmaceutical market has undergone great growth in comparison with developing countries and the pharmerging group, and the market is expanding quickly while a major share goes to biotechnology drugs, which implies the need to commercialization activities in novel fields like pharmaceutical biotechnology. This market expansion has been in favor of imported medicine in sales terms, caused by the reinforcement of suspicious policies of policy makers that necessitates fundamental rearrangements. PMID:23805853

2013-01-01

500

Policy Building Blocks: Helping Policymakers Determine Policy Staging for the Development of Distributed PV Markets: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

There is a growing body of qualitative and a limited body of quantitative literature supporting the common assertion that policy drives development of clean energy resources. Recent work in this area indicates that the impact of policy depends on policy type, length of time in place, and economic and social contexts of implementation. This work aims to inform policymakers about the impact of different policy types and to assist in the staging of those policies to maximize individual policy effectiveness and development of the market. To do so, this paper provides a framework for policy development to support the market for distributed photovoltaic systems. Next steps include mathematical validation of the framework and development of specific policy pathways given state economic and resource contexts.

Doris, E.

2012-04-01