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1

EXPLOITATION AND OPTIMIZATION OF RESERVOIR PERFORMANCE IN HUNTON FORMATION, OKLAHOMA  

SciTech Connect

The main objectives of the proposed study are as follows: (1) To understand and evaluate an unusual primary oil production mechanism which results in decreasing (retrograde) oil cut (ROC) behavior as reservoir pressure declines. (2) To improve calculations of initial oil in place so as to determine the economic feasibility of completing and producing a well. (3) To optimize the location of new wells based on understanding of geological and petrophysical properties heterogeneities. (4) To evaluate various secondary recovery techniques for oil reservoirs producing from fractured formations. (5) To enhance the productivity of producing wells by using new completion techniques. These objectives are important for optimizing field performance from West Carney Field located in Lincoln County, Oklahoma. The field, which was discovered in 1980, produces from Hunton Formation in a shallow-shelf carbonate reservoir. The early development in the field was sporadic. Many of the initial wells were abandoned due to high water production and constraints in surface facilities for disposing excess produced water. The field development began in earnest in 1995 by Altex Resources. They had recognized that production from this field was only possible if large volumes of water can be disposed. Being able to dispose large amounts of water, Altex aggressively drilled several producers. With few exceptions, all these wells exhibited similar characteristics. The initial production indicated trace amount of oil and gas with mostly water as dominant phase. As the reservoir was depleted, the oil cut eventually improved, making the overall production feasible. The decreasing oil cut (ROC) behavior has not been well understood. However, the field has been subjected to intense drilling activity because of prior success of Altex Resources. In this work, we will investigate the primary production mechanism by conducting several core flood experiments. After collecting cores from representative wells, we will study the wettability of the rock and simulate the depletion behavior by mimicking such behavior under controlled lab conditions. The overall project goal would be to validate our hypothesis and to determine the best method to exploit reservoirs exhibiting ROC behavior. To that end, we have completed the Budget Period I and have fulfilled many of the objectives. We have developed a viable model to explain the reservoir mechanism and have been able to develop a correlation between core and log data so that we can extend our analysis to other, yet unexploited, regions. In Budget Period II, we will continue to drill several additional, geologically targeted wells. Depending on the depositional system, these wells can be either vertical or horizontal wells. We will closely examine the secondary recovery techniques to improve the ultimate recovery from this field. In the mean time, we will continue to refine our geological and petrophysical model so that we can extend our approach to other adjacent fields. In the Budget Period III, we will monitor the field performance and revise and refine our models to further optimize the performance.

Mohan Kelkar

2003-01-01

2

Exploitation and Optimization of Reservoir Performance in Hunton Formation, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

West Carney field--one of the newest fields discovered in Oklahoma--exhibits many unique production characteristics. These characteristics include: (1) decreasing water-oil ratio; (2) decreasing gas-oil ratio followed by an increase; (3) poor prediction capability of the reserves based on the log data; and (4) low geological connectivity but high hydrodynamic connectivity. The purpose of this investigation is to understand the principal mechanisms affecting the production, and propose methods by which we can extend the phenomenon to other fields with similar characteristics. In our experimental investigation section, we continue to describe the use of surfactant to alter the wettability of the rock. By altering the wettability, we may be able to recover additional oil through imbibition and gravity drainage process. In our Engineering and Geological Analysis section, we present a new technique to generate alternate permeability distributions at unsampled wells.

Mohan Kelkar

2006-01-01

3

Exploitation and Optimization of Reservoir Performance in Hunton Formation, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

West Carney field--one of the newest fields discovered in Oklahoma--exhibits many unique production characteristics. These characteristics include: (1) decreasing water-oil ratio; (2) decreasing gas-oil ratio followed by an increase; (3) poor prediction capability of the reserves based on the log data; and (4) low geological connectivity but high hydrodynamic connectivity. The purpose of this investigation is to understand the principal mechanisms affecting the production, and propose methods by which we can extend the phenomenon to other fields with similar characteristics. In our experimental investigation section, we continue to describe the use of surfactant to alter the wettability of the rock. By altering the wettability, we should be able to change the water-gas ratio in the reservoir and, hence, improve productivity from the well. In our Engineering and Geological Analysis section, we present our rock typing analysis work which combines the geological data with engineering data to develop a unique rock characteristics description. By using porosity as a variable, we can generate alternate rock type descriptions at logged wells. This procedure also allows us to quantify uncertainties in rock type description.

Mohan Kelkar

2005-10-01

4

Petroleum system analysis of the Hunton Group in West Edmond field, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

West Edmond field, located in central Oklahoma, is one of the largest oil accumulations in the Silurian–Devonian Hunton Group in this part of the Anadarko Basin. Production from all stratigraphic units in the field exceeds 170 million barrels of oil (MMBO) and 400 billion cubic feet of gas (BCFG), of which approximately 60 MMBO and 100 BCFG have been produced from the Hunton Group. Oil and gas are stratigraphically trapped to the east against the Nemaha uplift, to the north by a regional wedge-out of Hunton strata, and by intraformational diagenetic traps. Hunton Group reservoirs are the Bois d'Arc and Frisco Limestones, with lesser production from the Chimneyhill subgroup, Haragan Shale, and Henryhouse Formation. Hunton Group cores from three wells that were examined petrographically indicate that complex diagenetic relations influence permeability and reservoir quality. Greatest porosity and permeability are associated with secondary dissolution in packstones and grainstones, forming hydrocarbon reservoirs. The overlying Devonian–Mississippian Woodford Shale is the major petroleum source rock for the Hunton Group in the field, based on one-dimensional and four-dimensional petroleum system models that were calibrated to well temperature and Woodford Shale vitrinite reflectance data. The source rock is marginally mature to mature for oil generation in the area of the West Edmond field, and migration of Woodford oil and gas from deeper parts of the basin also contributed to hydrocarbon accumulation.

Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Higley, Debra K.

2013-01-01

5

Paleokarstic and karstic features: Arbuckle and Hunton Groups, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cores of the Ordovician-age Arbuckle Group and Ordovician-Silurian-Devonian-age Hunton Group contain evidence of paleokarst. Arbuckle and Hunton Group rocks display surprisingly similar suites of distinct paleo-karstic features. Vugs, solution-enlarged fractures, cavities, collapse breccias, and sediment-filled solution features are evident. Phreatic cements are more commonly observed than vadose cements, while primary speleothemic precipitates are rare. A complex history of exposure, subsidence,

Z. Al-Shaieb; J. Puckette; F. Matthews; M. Lynch

1993-01-01

6

Correlation and facies analysis in exploration for subtle traps within Hunton Group, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The bulk of Hunton production to date is associated with rather well-defined structural and/or truncation-style traps. Yet the trapping mechanism in these settings, to a large extent, depends on the development of particular depositional facies within the Hunton Group. Accurate correlation and subdivision of the Hunton require an understanding of the overall depositional environment and history. The depositional model for the Silurian Chimneyhill and Henryhouse formations and the Devonian Haragan and Bois d'Arc formations is a carbonate ramp. Both aggradational and progradational sequences formed, as did several unconformities during periods of erosion and nondeposition. The Frisco, however, was deposited on submerged paleohighs, probably as a mud-mound deposit. Using the foregoing depositional models as a guide, subdivisions of the Hunton, based on regional markers related to changes in sea level between progradational episodes, can be recognized and correlated throughout the Anadarko-Arkoma region. Comparing core data and log signatures, along with applying depositional cycles, permits more detailed correlations as their component facies are recognized by log character. Reservoir-prone facies within the carbonate cycles can then be identified, correlated, and mapped.

Fritz, R.D.

1987-08-01

7

Helicopter electromagnetic and magnetic geophysical survey data, Hunton anticline, south-central Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report is a digital data release for multiple geophysical surveys conducted in the Hunton anticline area of south-central Oklahoma. The helicopter electromagnetic and magnetic surveys were flown on March 16–17, 2007, in four areas of the Hunton anticline in south-central Oklahoma. The objective of this project is to improve the understanding of the geohydrologic framework of the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer. The electromagnetic sensor for the helicopter electromagnetic survey consisted of six different transmitter-receiver orientations that measured the earth's electrical response at six distinct frequencies from approximately 500 Hertz to approximately 115,000 Hertz. The electromagnetic measurements were converted to electrical resistivity values, which were gridded and plotted on georeferenced maps. The map from each frequency represents a different depth of investigation for each area. The range of subsurface investigation is comparable to the depth of shallow groundwater. The four areas selected for the helicopter electromagnetic study, blocks A–D, have different geologic and hydrologic settings. Geophysical and hydrologic information from U.S. Geological Survey studies are being used by modelers and resource managers to develop groundwater resource plans for the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer.

Smith, Bruce D.; Smith, David V.; Deszcz-Pan, Maryla; Blome, Charles D.; Hill, Patricia

2011-01-01

8

Modified fracs increase recovery from Oklahoma tight formations  

SciTech Connect

Staged fracture stimulations with high sand concentrations have added recoverable reserves and improved the economics for developing tight formations in the Golden Trend of southern Oklahoma. Since the early 1950s, the Sycamore and Hunton formations have been recognized as formations requiring fracture stimulation for commercial production. Throughout the trend, numerous frac techniques have been used to stimulate the massive interval. Until 1992, high volume, slick water, and modified Kiel fracs were the favorite treatments because of low cost and relatively high initial producing rates. Because of the low gas prices that continued into the early part of 1992, new completions in the Golden Trend were attractive to only those companies that could take advantage of Section 29 tax credits. However, of the low gas prices that continued into the early part of 1992, new completions in the Golden Trend were attractive to only those companies that could take advantage of Section 29 tax credits. However, Chesapeake Energy Corp. could not use the tax credits and therefore focused on increasing gas recoveries and the rate of return from this area. By re-engineering the traditional completion and drilling practices, Chesapeake Energy added more than 1 bcf and 20,000 bbl of oil/well. Ultimate recoveries from each well are about 1.5--2.0 bcf and 30,000--40,000 bbl of oil. The paper describes the frac design, the frac team, treatment procedures, and production results after the first six months from 44 completions.

Veltri, D.L. (Veltri (D.L.), Houston, TX (United States))

1994-01-24

9

Hunton Group core workshop and field trip  

SciTech Connect

The Late Ordovician-Silurian-Devonian Hunton Group is a moderately thick sequence of shallow-marine carbonates deposited on the south edge of the North American craton. This rock unit is a major target for petroleum exploration and reservoir development in the southern Midcontinent. The workshop described here was held to display cores, outcrop samples, and other reservoir-characterization studies of the Hunton Group and equivalent strata throughout the region. A field trip was organized to complement the workshop by allowing examination of excellent outcrops of the Hunton Group of the Arbuckle Mountains.

Johnson, K.S. [ed.

1993-12-31

10

Hunton Group core workshop and field trip.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Late Ordovician-Silurian-Devonian Hunton Group is a moderately thick sequence of shallow-marine carbonates deposited on the south edge of the North American craton. This rock unit is a major target for petroleum exploration and reservoir development i...

K. S. Johnson

1993-01-01

11

SUBSURFACE WELL-LOG CORRELATION OF ARSENIC-BEARING LITHOFACIES IN THE PERMIAN GARBER SANDSTONE AND WELLINGTON FORMATION, CENTRAL OKLAHOMA AQUIFER (COA), CLEVELAND COUNTY, OKLAHOMA  

EPA Science Inventory

The fluvial Garber Sandstone and the underlying Wellington Formation are important sources of drinking water in central Oklahoma. These formations, which make up much of the COA, consist of amalgamated sandstones with some interbedded mudstones, siltstones, and local mudstone- a...

12

Oklahoma Cherokee formation study shows benefits of gas tax credits  

SciTech Connect

To no one's surprise, the administration's recently released energy initiative package does not advocate the use of tax incentives such as the Internal Revenue Code Sec. 29 (tight sand gas) credit that expired Dec. 31, 1992. This is unfortunate since tax credits do stimulate drilling, as the authors' recent study of Oklahoma's Pennsylvanian age Cherokee formation demonstrates. Within this 783,000 acre study area, more than 130 additional wells were drilled between 1991--92 because of tax credit incentives. And such tax credits also increase total federal tax revenues by causing wells to be drilled that would not have been drilled or accelerating the drilling of wells, thereby increasing taxable revenue. In short, tax credits create a win-win situation: they stimulate commerce, increase tax revenues, reduce the outflow of capital to foreign petroleum projects, and add to the nation's natural gas reserve, which is beneficial for national security, balance of payments, the environment, and gas market development. The paper discusses the study assumptions, study results, and the tax credit policy.

Stanley, B.J.; Cline, S.B. (Hefner Corp., Oklahoma City, OK (United States))

1994-01-10

13

Texas-Oklahoma  

... Texas and Oklahoma. Traversing brush-covered and grassy plains, rolling hills, and prairies, the Red River and the Canadian River are ... formats available at JPL March 12, 2000 - Plains, rivers, and smoke plumes along the Texas-Oklahoma border. ...

2013-04-19

14

Depositional environments and paleoecology of the Oil Creek Formation (Middle Ordovician), Arbuckle Mountains and Criner Hills, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Oil Creek Formation (Whiterockian) is the second oldest of the five formations which make up the Simpson Group. Although widespread in the subsurface, it is exposed only in the study area and possibly in West Texas. The formation was deposited in a linear basin known as the Southern Oklahoma Aulacogen during a phase of apparent episodic subsidence. Deposition occurred

1982-01-01

15

Porosity evolution of Pennsylvanian Morrow formation in Anadarko basin, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The Anadarko basin is one of the most outstanding hydrocarbon producers in the North American continent. Examination of more than 50 cores from the Pennsylvanian Morrow sandstones reveals a complex diagenetic history. Although quartzarenite is the major lithology, shell fragments, galuconites, and clayey matrix occur in significant amounts throughout the section. This diagenetic complexity is a function of depositional environment, burial, and thermal history of the basin. Porosity in the Morrowan sandstones throughout the Anadarko basin is chiefly secondary. Such porosity results from the dissolution of clayey matrix, carbonate fragments and cement, glauconite, and quartz grains and their overgrowth. Evolution of secondary porosity is related directly to the generation of hydrocarbons. Co/sub 2/ gas, with concentrations ranging from 0.3 to 4.7% by volume, was detected in more than 150 natural gas wells examined in the basin. Based on geothermal and geopressure gradients, and on experimental investigations of the solubility potential of Co/sub 2/ in formation fluids under elevated temperatures and pressures, a good estimate of solubility of CO/sub 2/ in the Morrow Formation water may be attained. Because the concentration of CO/sub 2/ appears to increase with depth in the basin, secondary porosity should not be restricted to a particular zone or to particular depths, but definitely would persist with depth. Organic acids at shallow depths and H/sub 2/S in deeper zones may be important in enhancement of secondary porosity. Amounts of porosity an the geometry of pore space are directly related to original lithology. A better understanding of lithofacies is critical in evaluating reservoir quality.

Al-shaieb, A.

1984-04-01

16

OUTCROP-BASED HIGH RESOLUTION GAMMA-RAY CHARACTERIZATION OF ARSENIC-BEARING LITHOFACIES IN THE PERMIAN GARBER SANDSTONE AND WELLINGTON FORMATION, CENTRAL OKLAHOMA AQUIFER (COA). CLEVELAND COUNTY, OKLAHOMA  

EPA Science Inventory

The COA supplies drinking water to a number of municipalities in central Oklahoma. Two major stratigraphic units in the COA, the Garber Sandstone and Wellington Formation, contain naturally occurring arsenic that exceeds government mandated drinking-water standards (EPA, 2001). ...

17

A transgression-regression event during the deposition of the Upper Cambrian Honey Creek formation in the southern Oklahoma aulacogen  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transgression that inundated the Southern Oklahoma aulacogen during the upper Cambrian enveloped a landscape that consisted of hills of rhyolite up to 350 m in high. Initial deposits on this topography have been interpreted as alluvium. These, together with succeeding tidally-influenced marine siliciclastics form the Reagan Formation. The siliciclastics grains are made up of fragments of local origin (i.e.,

C. McElmoyl; R. N. Donovan

1993-01-01

18

Depositional environments and paleoecology of the Oil Creek Formation (Middle Ordovician), Arbuckle Mountains and Criner Hills, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The Oil Creek Formation (Whiterockian) is the second oldest of the five formations which make up the Simpson Group. Although widespread in the subsurface, it is exposed only in the study area and possibly in West Texas. The formation was deposited in a linear basin known as the Southern Oklahoma Aulacogen during a phase of apparent episodic subsidence. Deposition occurred in supratidal to shallow marine environments which were subjected to occasional tropical storms. Six depositional facies within the shaly upper member of the formation, previously known as the Oil Creek shale are defined. These facies are based on the lithology and fossil content of the quartzarenite and limestone beds because the alternating shale beds are monotonous and essentially lack skeletal fossils. This facies tract shows that, as in other formations of the Simpson Group, deposition apparently took place in one major cycle of transgression and regression. The transgressive phase of deposition is represented by the vertical sequence consisting of the Basal Sandstone Unit, Upper Offshore Facies, Transition Zone 1, and Lower Offshore Facies. The regressive phase includes Transition Zone 2, the Shoal Facies, Lagoon Facies, and Tidal Flat Facies. The Shoal Facies has relatively thick limestone beds composed of skeletal debris, quartz sand, and goethitic ooids, while the Lagoon Facies is dominated by terrigenous shale. The species composition and number in the different communities seem to have been largely determined by the nature of the substrate.

Lewis, R.D.

1982-01-01

19

Oklahoma Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published since the 1950s, Oklahoma Today is a production of several state agencies, and it is designed to showcase various cultural, historical, and social aspects of Oklahoma. Over the past several years, Oklahoma State University has digitized back issues of the magazine, and visitors can now read all the way back to the first issue from 1956. Visitors can browse back issues by decade, and they can also perform key-word searches. First-time visitors should start by reading through the spring 1960 issue, which contains pieces on rattlesnakes, Oklahoma wildflowers, and the Washington Irving Trail. While the name Washington Irving may not be commonly associated with Oklahoma, the author spent part of 1832 wandering through the state with a Native American guide. More recent issues feature profiles of singer Vince Gill and Route 66.

20

A transgression-regression event during the deposition of the Upper Cambrian Honey Creek formation in the southern Oklahoma aulacogen  

SciTech Connect

The transgression that inundated the Southern Oklahoma aulacogen during the upper Cambrian enveloped a landscape that consisted of hills of rhyolite up to 350 m in high. Initial deposits on this topography have been interpreted as alluvium. These, together with succeeding tidally-influenced marine siliciclastics form the Reagan Formation. The siliciclastics grains are made up of fragments of local origin (i.e., rhyolite), quartz (derived from a distal source) and authigenic glauconite. The upward passage from the Reagan to the Honeycreek Formation is defined by the addition to the siliciclastics of carbonate detritus in the form of tidally-influenced grainstones, mostly composed of pelmatozoan fragments. The passage from the Honeycreek to the overlying Fort Sill Formation of the Arbuckle Group is marked by the incoming of beds of lime mudstone and the gradual disappearance of grainstones and siliciclastics. Evidence of the existence of rhyolite topography (i.e., an archipelago) can be detected to within 50 m of the top of the Fort Sill. While the overall facies pattern undoubtedly records a widespread transgression, a newly-discovered slightly angular unconformity within the lower part of the Honeycreek is best interpreted as a record of a temporary regression. Three distinctive lithologies are involved in this relationship: the lowest beds are light grey cross-bedded pelmatozoan grainstones with minor amounts of quartz and rhyolite grains. Syntaxial cements at the base of this unit are homogenous under cathode luminescence, while cements near the top display up to 27 zones of reflectance, interpreted as a fluctuating marine-meteoric groundwater imprint. The overlying bed is a red-brown mud-supported limestone that contains abundant angular rhyolite pebbles and a rich trilobite fauna. Some of the pebbles are coated by pelmatozoans.

McElmoyl, C.; Donovan, R.N. (Texas Christian Univ., Ft. Worth, TX (United States). Geology Dept.)

1993-02-01

21

Simpson-Arbuckle contact revisited in Northwest Oklahoma County, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Joins Formation, the lowermost formation of the Simpson Group, is traditionally the least studied or understood of the Simpson formations. The Joins, not known to produce hydrocarbons in central Oklahoma, is frequently overlooked by those more interested in the productive Simpson formations above and the Arbuckle carbonates below. In a study of the lower Simpson to upper Arbuckle interval

M. D. Allison; R. W. Allen

1995-01-01

22

Arbuckle source for Atoka Formation Flysch, Ouachita Mountains Frontal Belt, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The 10-mi wide Ouachita Mountains frontal belt consists of Morrowan-Atokan flysch exposed in steeply south-dipping imbricate thrust slices. Two spatially distinct groups of paleocurrents were recognized during detailed mapping of 120 mi/sup 2/ in the frontal belt (between 95/sup 0/15'W and 95/sup 0/30'W). The east-west-trending Morrowan shallow-water shelf margin (now allochthonous) marks the boundary between these two domains. Westerly azimuths (259/sup 0/n = 213), typical of almost the entire Ouachita flysch sequence, are from the Atoka Formation south of the shelf margin. Easterly azimuths (66/sup 0/n = 75), previously unrecognized in the Ouachitas, are from the Atoka Formation where it overlies Wapanucka Limestone north of the margin. A third group of paleocurrents (193/sup 0/n = 21) are from the Johns Valley Shale (an olisto-strome that is the basinward equivalent of the Wapanucka Limestone). Easterly paleocurrent azimuths indicate a western source for the Atoka Formation north of the Morrowan shelf margin. Sediment from the Arbuckle uplift was apparently channeled northeastward down a trough that was isolated from the Ouachita basin to the south where sediment had an Appalachian provenance. The authors suggest that a trough was formed by listric fault blocks (tilted toward the continent) of the foundered Morrowan shelf margin. The bounding faults would be the southernmost of a series of northward younging south-side-down growth faults that have been recognized in the subsurface of the Arkoma basin to the north.

Ferguson, C.A.; Suneson, N.H.

1988-01-01

23

Heat flow in Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oklahoma is one area in which terrestrial heat flow data are sparse. The thermal state of the southern mid-continent, however, is a key to understanding several important geologic problems. These include thermal anomalies associated with Paleozoic fluid migrations and the formation of Mississippi Valley-type lead-zinc deposits, the thermal evolution of the Arkoma and Anadarko sedimentary basins, and the history of

C. Cranganu; D. Deming

1996-01-01

24

THE OKLAHOMA MESONET  

EPA Science Inventory

The Oklahoma Mesonet, operated and maintained by the Oklahoma Climatological Survey, is Oklahoma's premier climatological data collection system. For the area covered, which includes the entire state, no other system within the United States or internationally has the degree of ...

25

Internal anatomy of a fractured low permeability carbonate reservoir revealed by performance--West Edmond Hunton lime field, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

With primary production now approaching the economic limit of operation, actual gas recovery indicates gas in place initially was about double the solution gas in place calculated by material balance methods when average reservoir pressure had declined about 800 to 900 psi below the saturation pressure and double that calculated by volumetric methods after complete development of the field. This

Elkins

1968-01-01

26

Earthquake activity in Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oklahoma is one of the most seismically active areas in the southern Mid-Continent. From 1897 to 1988, over 700 earthquakes are known to have occurred in Oklahoma. The earliest documented Oklahoma earthquake took place on December 2, 1897, near Jefferson, in Grant County. The largest known Oklahoma earthquake happened near El Reno on April 9, 1952. This magnitude 5.5 (mb)

K. V. Luza; J. E. Jr. Lawson

1989-01-01

27

Simpson-Arbuckle contact revisited in Northwest Oklahoma County, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The Joins Formation, the lowermost formation of the Simpson Group, is traditionally the least studied or understood of the Simpson formations. The Joins, not known to produce hydrocarbons in central Oklahoma, is frequently overlooked by those more interested in the productive Simpson formations above and the Arbuckle carbonates below. In a study of the lower Simpson to upper Arbuckle interval in northwestern Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, the Joins Formation was found to be present. The central Oklahoma section consists of interbedded gray, olive gray and green splintery moderately waxy shale, cream to light gray homogeneous microcrystallin dolomite, and microcrystalline to fine crystalline fossiliferous slightly glauconitic well cemented sandstones are also noted. The entire Joins Formation is moderately to very fossiliferous; primarily consisting of crinoids, ostracods, brachiopods, and trilobites. The ostracod fauna closely resembles and correlates with the Arbuckle Mountain section, which has been extensively studied over the years by such authors as Taff, Ulrich and Harris. Beneath the Joins in this area is a normal section of Arbuckle dolomites. Due to the absence of a basal sand in the Joins the separation of the Joins and Arbuckle, utilizing electric logs only, is frequently tenuous. In comparison with the Arbuckle, the Joins tends to have higher gamma ray and S.P. values. Other tools, such as resistivity, bulk density and photoelectric (PE), are frequently inconclusive. For geologists studying the Simpson-Arbuckle contact in central Oklahoma, the presence or absence of the Joins Formation is best determined through conventional lithologic and palenontologic sample identification techniques. Once this has been done, correlation of electric logs with this type log is possible for the local area.

Allison, M.D.; Allen, R.W. [Kabodi Inc., Ardmore, OK (United States)

1995-09-01

28

Horizontal stresses from well-bore breakouts and lithologies associated with their formation, Oklahoma and Texas Panhandle  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Orientations of crustal stresses are inferred from stress-induced well-bore breakouts in three areas in the south-central United States: the eastern part of the Anadarko basin in central Oklahoma, the Marietta basin in south-central Oklahoma, and the Bravo dome area of the central Texas Panhandle. Inferred directions of maximum horizontal principal stress (SHmax) are ENE for the eastern Anadarko basin, and NE for the Marietta basin and the Bravo dome area. For the Bravo dome area, the magnitudes of the three principal stresses (S1, S2, S3) are known from existing hydraulic-fracturing (hydrofrac) measurements, and a normal-faulting stress regime (SV > SHmax > SHmin) is implied. For the eastern Anadarko basin and the Marietta basin, the magnitudes of the principal stresses are not known. Because Quaternary left-lateral oblique slip on the Meers fault in south-central Oklahoma suggests strike-slip (SHmax > Sv > SHmin) and reverse faulting (SHmax > SHmin > SV), the study region is inferred to be a possible transition zone between areas of extensional and compressional stresses. Breakout data from the eastern Anadarko basin yield a single consistent SHmax orientation. Data from the Marietta basin and the Bravo dome area have bimodal-orthogonal distributions consisting of breakouts and orthogonal sets of well-bore enlargement orientations. Orthogonal trends in the data are probably related to drilling-induced hydraulic fracturing of the well bore, or to preexisting natural fractures or joint sets intersecting the well bore. On the dipmeter log, breakouts and fracture enlargements have elliptical cross sections of similar size and shape. Orthogonally oriented well-bore enlargements are differentiated by comparing their long-axis orientations with directions of known or inferred horizontal stress. Dispersion, or data scatter, among enlargement orientations (bimodal data sets) increases the standard deviations for many well data sets from the Marietta basin and the Bravo dome area. In these two areas, some dispersion may reflect variation in stress conditions across fault-bounded blocks and the orientations of fractures or joints within these blocks. Although breakouts and fracture enlargements formed in all parts of the thick sequences of sedimentary rocks logged, they occurred primarily in limestone, shale, and dolomitic rocks, reflecting the abundance of these rock types in the study areas.

Dart, Richard L.

1989-01-01

29

Digital atlas of Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This compact disc contains 25 digital map data sets covering the State of Oklahoma that may be of interest to the general public, private industry, schools, and government agencies. Fourteen data sets are statewide. These data sets include: administrative boundaries; 104th U.S. Congressional district boundaries; county boundaries; latitudinal lines; longitudinal lines; geographic names; indexes of U.S. Geological Survey 1:100,000, and 1:250,000-scale topographic quadrangles; a shaded-relief image; Oklahoma State House of Representatives district boundaries; Oklahoma State Senate district boundaries; locations of U.S. Geological Survey stream gages; watershed boundaries and hydrologic cataloging unit numbers; and locations of weather stations. Eleven data sets are divided by county and are located in 77 county subdirectories. These data sets include: census block group boundaries with selected demographic data; city and major highways text; geographic names; land surface elevation contours; elevation points; an index of U.S. Geological Survey 1:24,000-scale topographic quadrangles; roads, streets and address ranges; highway text; school district boundaries; streams, river and lakes; and the public land survey system. All data sets are provided in a readily accessible format. Most data sets are provided in Digital Line Graph (DLG) format. The attributes for many of the DLG files are stored in related dBASE(R)-format files and may be joined to the data set polygon attribute or arc attribute tables using dBASE(R)-compatible software. (Any use of trade names in this publication is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.) Point attribute tables are provided in dBASE(R) format only, and include the X and Y map coordinates of each point. Annotation (text plotted in map coordinates) are provided in AutoCAD Drawing Exchange format (DXF) files. The shaded-relief image is provided in TIFF format. All data sets except the shaded-relief image also are provided in ARC/INFO export-file format.

Rea, A. H.; Becker, C. J.

1997-01-01

30

Chlorite grain coats and preservation of primary porosity in deeply buried Springer Formation and lower Morrowan sandstones, southeastern Anadarko basin, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Petrographic studies of Upper Mississippian Springer and Lower Pennsylvanian (Morrowan) sandstones in six cores from the southeastern Anadarko basin, Caddo and Grady Counties, Oklahoma, reveal a complex diagenetic history that led to the destruction of much primary intergranular porosity. The Springer and lower Morrowan sandstones form prolific oil and gas reservoirs, despite the fine-grained nature of the rocks, the growth of authigenic clays, extensive cementation by quartz overgrowths and carbonate minerals, and burial depths of 11,500-14,800 ft. More than any other factors, the diagenetic creation and preservation of porosity are the major geologic controls on hydrocarbon production from these sandstones. Thin-section petrography and scanning electron microscopy show that porous intervals were formed mainly by extensive dissolution and leaching of detrital grains and authigenic cements. Locally, however, appreciable primary porosity was preserved in Cunningham (Springer Formation) and Primrose (Morrowan) sandstones (as much as 20% in one sample of Primrose sandstone) by the formation of chlorite grain coats on detrital quartz during the early stages of burial and diagenesis. The chlorite grain coats inhibited the occlusion of pore space by preventing pervasive cementation of the rocks by quartz overgrowths. Cross-plots of porosity versus the abundance of authigenic quartz and grain-coating chlorite document the relationship in two of the cores.

McBride, M.H.; Franks, P.C.; Larese, R.E.

1987-08-01

31

Urban flood analysis in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Flood insurance study information from the Federal Emergency Management Agency is utilized to estimate future flood hazard in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Techniques are described for estimating future urban runoff estimates. A method of developing stream cross section rating curves is explained. Future runoff estimates are used in conjuction with the rating curves to develop an estimate of 50- and 100- year flood profiles that would result from future urban development.

Tortorelli, Robert L.; Huntzinger, T. L.; Bergman, D. L.; Patneaude, A. L.

1983-01-01

32

Heat flow in Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Oklahoma is one area in which terrestrial heat flow data are sparse. The thermal state of the southern mid-continent, however, is a key to understanding several important geologic problems. These include thermal anomalies associated with Paleozoic fluid migrations and the formation of Mississippi Valley-type lead-zinc deposits, the thermal evolution of the Arkoma and Anadarko sedimentary basins, and the history of hydrocarbon generation and overpressuring in the Anadarko Basin. In the late 1920s, the American Petroleum Institute made a set of equilibrium temperature logs in idle oil wells. These temperature data are generally regarded as being high quality, accurate estimates of rock temperature and they cover the entire central part of Oklahoma. Average thermal gradients in the API survey range from 14 to 43 [sup 0]C/km (average 31.2 [sup 0]C/km) over depth intervals that extend from the surface to a an average depth of 961 m. Geothermal gradients decrease from NNE to SSW. The observed change in thermal gradients could be due to a number of factors. The change in thermal gradients could simply reflect changes in lithology and thermal conductivity. Alternatively, the variation in thermal gradients could be indicative of a change in heat flow related perhaps to variations in the concentration of radioactive heat-producing elements in the crust or heat transport by one or more regional groundwater flow systems. We are proceeding to reduce ambiguity in interpretation by estimating heat flow from thermal conductivity measurements on drill cuttings and heat production from available gamma-ray logs which penetrate basement rocks.

Cranganu, C.; Deming, D. (Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States))

1996-01-01

33

Fracture density and spacing along Washita Valley fault, Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The authors document fracture density and spacing associated with the Washita Valley fault, a major strike-slip fault. The Washita Valley fault strikes northwest-southeast with up to 80 mi of exposure in southern Oklahoma and may be an early bounding fault of the Southern Oklahoma aulacogen (Ardmore/Marietta basins). Horizontal displacement on the fault has been estimated to be up to 40 mi, with vertical displacement on the order of 10,000 ft. Samples collected from traverses across the Washita Valley fault have been analyzed. The traverses cross the fault at different stratigraphic levels from Proterozoic igneous basement, through the Cambrian-Ordovician Arbuckle Group, Ordovician Simpson and Viola Groups, to the Silurian-Devonian Hunton Group. Several types of fracture systems are documented that reflect mechanical stratigraphy, burial depth during deformation, and episodic movement on the fault. The fractures in the study area include open fracture systems, calcite-filled fractures, tension gashes, and fractures related to pressure solution. The samples were cut parallel to the strike of the fault, vertical-normal to the fault, and horizontal-normal to the fault. These cuts allow examination of the total fracture strain, characterization of the fractures, and statistical analysis of fracture density. From these data, fracture density is shown to decrease exponentially moving away from the primary fault zone. The increased understanding of fracture patterns and characteristics will assist future exploration and development programs involving carbonate reservoirs associated with strike-slip systems.

Ferebee, C.D.; Tapp, J.B. (Univ. of Tulsa, OK (USA))

1989-08-01

34

Three-dimensional geologic model of the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer, south-central Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer of south-central Oklahoma encompasses more than 850 square kilometers and is the principal water resource for south-central Oklahoma. Rock units comprising the aquifer are characterized by limestone, dolomite, and sandstones assigned to two lower Paleozoic units: the Arbuckle and Simpson Groups. Also considered to be part of the aquifer is the underlying Cambrian-age Timbered Hills Group that contains limestone and sandstone. The highly faulted and fractured nature of the Arbuckle-Simpson units and the variable thickness (600 to 2,750 meters) increases the complexity in determining the subsurface geologic framework of this aquifer. A three-dimensional EarthVision (Trademark) geologic framework model was constructed to quantify the geometric relationships of the rock units of the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer in the Hunton anticline area. This 3-D EarthVision (Trademark) geologic framework model incorporates 54 faults and four modeled units: basement, Arbuckle-Timbered Hills Group, Simpson Group, and post-Simpson. Primary data used to define the model's 54 faults and four modeled surfaces were obtained from geophysical logs, cores, and cuttings from 126 water and petroleum wells. The 3-D framework model both depicts the volumetric extent of the aquifer and provides the stratigraphic layer thickness and elevation data used to construct a MODFLOW version 2000 regional groundwater-flow model.

Faith, Jason R.; Blome, Charles D.; Pantea, Michael P.; Puckette, James O.; Halihan, Todd; Osborn, Noel; Christenson, Scott; Pack, Skip

2010-01-01

35

Pride in Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is intended to be used as background material by social studies and history classroom teachers as they develop and implement educational programs on Oklahoma's heritage. It includes background information on the land and people of Oklahoma (geology, climate, topography, vegetation, animals, prehistoric peoples, French explorers,…

Moore, Gordon; Blackburn, Bob L.

36

Formation resistivity as an indicator of the onset of oil generation in the Woodford Shale, Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian Woodford Shale is a black, organic-rich shale that is a major hydrocarbon source rock in the Anadarko basin. With the onset of oil generation, nonconductive hydrocarbons begin to replace conductive pore water in the Woodford, and formation resistivity increases. Crossplots of formation resistivity versus either vitrinite reflectance (RO) or Lopatin's time-temperature index of thermal maturity (TTI) define two data populations that represent immature shales and shales that have generated oil. The midpoint of the resistivity zone marking the transition between immature and mature shales is -35 ohm-m. The onset of appreciable oil generation in the Woodford Shale of the study area occurs at maturity levels of RO near 0.57% and of TTI between 33 and 48.

Schmoker, James W.; Hester, Timothy C.

1989-01-01

37

Digital geologic map of Oklahoma City Quadrangle, central Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This data set consists of digital data and accompanying documentation of the surficial geology of the 1:250,000-scale Oklahoma City quadrangle, Oklahoma. The original data are from the Geologic Map, sheet 1 of 4, included in the Oklahoma Geological Survey publication, 'Reconnaissance of the water resources of the Oklahoma City quadrangle, central Oklahoma', Hydrologic Atlas 4, Bingham and Moore, 1975. The geology was compiled by R.H. Bingham and R.O. Fay, in 1973.

Cederstrand, J. R.

1997-01-01

38

Ground-water flow model of the Boone formation at the Tar Creek superfund site, Oklahoma and Kansas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Extensive mining activities conducted at the Tar Creek Superfund site, one of the largest Superfund sites in the United States, pose substantial health and safety risks. Mining activities removed a total of about 6,000,000 tons of lead and zinc by 1949. To evaluate the effect of this mining on the ground-water flow, a MODFLOW 2000 digital model has been developed to simulate ground-water flow in the carbonate formations of Mississippian age underlying the Tar Creek Superfund site. The model consists of three layers of variable thickness and a grid of 580 rows by 680 columns of cells 164 feet (50 meters) on a side. Model flux boundary conditions are specified for rivers and general head boundaries along the northern boundary of the Boone Formation. Selected cells in layer 1 are simulated as drain cells. Model calibration has been performed to minimize the difference between simulated and observed water levels in the Boone Formation. Hydraulic conductivity values specified during calibration range from 1.3 to 35 feet per day for the Boone Formation with the larger values occurring along the axis of the Miami Syncline where horizontal anisotropy is specified as 10 to 1. Hydraulic conductivity associated with the mine void is set at 50,000 feet per day and a specific yield of 1.0 is specified to represent that the mine void is filled completely with water. Residuals (the difference between measured and simulated ground-water altitudes) has a root-mean-squared value of 8.53 feet and an absolute mean value of 7.29 feet for 17 observed values of water levels in the Boone Formation. The utility of the model for simulating and evaluating the possible consequences of remediation activities has been demonstrated. The model was used to simulate the emplacement of chat (mine waste consisting of fines and fragments of chert) back into the mine. Scenarios using 1,800,000 and 6,500,000 tons of chat were run. Hydraulic conductivity was reduced from 50,000 feet per day to 35 feet per day in the model cells corresponding to chat emplacement locations. A comparison of the simulated baseline conditions and conditions after simulated chat emplacement revealed little change in water levels, drainage and stream flux, and ground-water flow velocity. Using the calibrated flow model, particle tracks were simulated using MODPATH to evaluate the simultaneous movement of particles with water in the vicinity of four potential sites at which various volumes of chat might be emplaced in the underground mine workings as part of potential remediation efforts at the site. Particle tracks were generated to follow the rate and direction of water movement for a simulated period of 100 years. In general, chat emplacement had minimal effect on the direction and rate of movement when compared to baseline (current) flow conditions. Water-level differences between baseline and chat-emplacement scenarios showed declines as much as 2 to 3 feet in areas immediately downgradient from the chat emplacement cells and little or no head change upgradient. Chat emplacements had minimal effect on changes in surfacewater flux with the largest simulated difference in one cell between baseline and chat emplacement scenarios being about 3.5 gallons per minute.

Reed, T.B.; Czarnecki, John B.

2006-01-01

39

Folding at two different scales of the Paradox anticline in the Ordovician Cool Creek Formation, Arbuckle Group, Slick Hills, southwestern Oklahoma: A paleomagnetic fold test study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The carbonates in the Cambro-Ordovician Arbuckle Group, part of the southern Oklahoma aulacogen, has been the subject of previous paleomagnetic studies with a focus primarily on their origin of the magnetizations. Most previous studies indicate late Paleozoic magnetizations that reside in hematite. However, Elmore et al. (1988) conducted a paleomagnetic study of the Arbuckle Group carbonates from the Slick Hills

S. J. Pannalal; M. S. Zechmeister; D. R. Elmore

2007-01-01

40

Chlorite grain coats and preservation of primary porosity in deeply buried Springer Formation and lower Morrowan sandstones, southeastern Anadarko basin, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petrographic studies of Upper Mississippian Springer and Lower Pennsylvanian (Morrowan) sandstones in six cores from the southeastern Anadarko basin, Caddo and Grady Counties, Oklahoma, reveal a complex diagenetic history that led to the destruction of much primary intergranular porosity. The Springer and lower Morrowan sandstones form prolific oil and gas reservoirs, despite the fine-grained nature of the rocks, the growth

M. H. McBride; P. C. Franks; R. E. Larese

1987-01-01

41

Washita Basin Project, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Located adjacent to Americas arid west/humid east division line known as the 100th meridian, western Oklahomas rolling uplands are susceptible to unpredictable weather cycles. Erratic best describes seasonal and annual rainfall patterns, with periods of p...

J. M. Bailey

2008-01-01

42

Field trip guide to selected outcrops, Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Arbuckle Mountains, named for Brigadier General Matthew Arbuckle, are located in south-central Oklahoma. The formations that comprise the Arbuckle Mountains have been extensively studied for hydrocarbon source rock and reservoir rock characteristics t...

1991-01-01

43

Folding at two different scales of the Paradox anticline in the Ordovician Cool Creek Formation, Arbuckle Group, Slick Hills, southwestern Oklahoma: A paleomagnetic fold test study.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The carbonates in the Cambro-Ordovician Arbuckle Group, part of the southern Oklahoma aulacogen, has been the subject of previous paleomagnetic studies with a focus primarily on their origin of the magnetizations. Most previous studies indicate late Paleozoic magnetizations that reside in hematite. However, Elmore et al. (1988) conducted a paleomagnetic study of the Arbuckle Group carbonates from the Slick Hills area utilizing six sites from a north-plunging tightly folded Paradox anticline. Alternating field and thermal demagnetization results from their study indicated a post-tilting remanence that resides primarily in magnetite. Also, based on the difference between the observed and expected remanence directions, they suggested a possible 30° block rotation. As a continuation of their work, this paleomagnetic study was conducted to corroborate the observed 30° rotations utilizing more sites from the Paradox anticline and the use of a more sensitive 2G Cryogenic magnetometer. In addition, the major focus of this paleomagnetic study is to examine the relationship between the timing of remanence acquisition with respect to the primary (F1) and the secondary (F2) folds of the Paradox anticline. To this extent, oriented samples of carbonates have been collected from the Ordovician Cool Creek Formation of the Paradox anticline from the Slick Hills area from both the F1 and the F2 folds. Low temperature demagnetization protocols have been carried out on these samples to remove the effects of multidomain magnetite grains thereby isolating better the characteristic remanence components. Post-low temperature cleaning, the thermal step-demagnetization procedure isolates primarily two components: 1.) a low-temperature steep downward viscous remanent magnetization; and, 2.) a high-temperature characteristic remanent magnetization component, residing primarily in magnetite, with shallow remanence directions scattered towards the east-south-east to south-east. Fold test results indicate a post-tilting remanence for the F1 major folding of the Paradox anticline similar to that observed by Elmore et al. (1988). However, an interesting new observation is the paleomagnetic fold test results from the F2 fold that indicates a syntilting remanent magnetization. In addition, the south-easterly scattered shallow remanence directions from these Ordovician Cool Creek carbonates substantiates a possible 30° rotation that is likely attributed to the left-lateral wrench faulting observed in this area.

Pannalal, S. J.; Zechmeister, M. S.; Elmore, D. R.

2007-12-01

44

Child and Family Resource Program (Oklahoma City, Oklahoma). Program Description.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the Oklahoma City, Oklahoma site of the Child and Family Resource Program (CFRP), a Head Start-affiliated program designed to elicit community and family involvement in fostering optimum development of preschool children and their families. The Oklahoma City site, serving a rural black community, is one of 11 demonstration…

Development Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.

45

Porosity trends of nonreservoir and reservoir sandstones, Anadarko basin, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The porosity of nonreservoir sandstones in Caddo County, Oklahoma, is determined using compensated-neutron and formation-density logs. The authors preliminary data set represents more than 3,000 net ft of Pennsylvanian and Permian age sandstones from 12 well locations. These porosity data and the average porosities of sandstone oil and gas reservoirs within the Anadarko basin of Oklahoma are each compared to

T. C. Hester; J. W. Schmoker

1991-01-01

46

Oil and gas developments in Oklahoma and Panhandle of Texas in 1986  

SciTech Connect

In 1986, a 46% drop in the price of oil and a 10% drop in the price of gas, coupled with a decrease in demand, forced a 40.4% decrease in drilling, a 67% drop in gas production, and an 11% drop in oil production in Oklahoma and the Panhandle of Texas (Texas Railroad Commission District 10). Exploration focused on development and extension of existing fields, with development wells outnumbering exploratory wells 18 to 1. Operators completed 58.6% fewer exploratory wells and 59.2% fewer development wells in 1986 than in 1985. The 1986 success rate for exploratory wells dropped 0.8%, and the success rate for development wells increased 0.9%. The Cherokee shelf was the most active trend, with 53 exploratory wells completed in 1986. The dominant plays were the Marrow-Springer and granite wash in the Anadarko basin, Misener on the Sedgwick shelf, Viola and Hunton in the Gold Trend along the Pauls Valley uplift, and Wapanucka, Cromwell, and Atoka in the Arkoma basin. 3 figures, 4 tables.

Fryklund, R.E.

1987-10-01

47

Minerals Yearbook, 1992: Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The value of Oklahoma nonfuel mineral production was nearly $252.6 million in 1992, a decrease of $22.9 million from that reported to the U.S. Bureau of Mines by State mineral producers in 1991. The value of the top three commodities produced, crushed sto...

J. E. Zelten R. H. Arndt

1994-01-01

48

Oklahoma's Quest for Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The passage of Bill 1706 by the Oklahoma State Legislature is a major step toward building professional schools of education and a true profession. Through the specifications of this law, the total process is to be strengthened, since changes in teacher education are severely limited if done in a piecemeal fashion. There are five major points…

Wisniewski, Richard

49

Heat flow in Oklahoma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Twenty new heat flow values are incorporated, along with 40 previously published data, into a heat flow map of Oklahoma. The new heat flow data were estimated using previous temperature measurements in boreholes made by American Petroleum Institute researchers and 1,498 thermal conductivity measurements on drill cuttings. The mean of 20 average thermal gradients is 30.50sp°C/km. In general, thermal gradients increase from SW (14.11sp°C/km) to NE (42.24sp°C/km). The range of 1,498 in situ thermal conductivity measurements (after corrections for anisotropy, in situ temperature, and porosity) is 0.90-6.1 W/m-K; the average is 1.68 W/m-K. Estimated near-surface heat flow (±20%) at 20 new sites in Oklahoma varies between 22 ± 4 mW/msp2 and 86 ± 17 mW/msp2; the average is 50 mW/msp2. Twenty-seven new heat-generation estimates, along with 22 previously published data, are used to create a heat generation map of Oklahoma. The range of heat production estimates is 1.1-3.5 muW/msp3, with an average of 2.5 muW/msp3. The heat flow regime in Oklahoma is primarily conductive in nature, except for a zone in northeast. Transient effects due to sedimentary processes and metamorphic/igneous activity, as well as past climatic changes, do not significantly influence the thermal state of the Oklahoma crust. Heat flow near the margins of the Arkoma and Anadarko Basins may be depressed or elevated by 5-13 mW/msp2 by refraction of heat from sedimentary rocks of relatively low thermal conductivity (1-2 W/m-K) into crystalline basement rocks of relatively high thermal conductivity (˜3-4 W/m-K). The heat generation-heat flow relationship shows a modest correlation. The relatively high heat flow (˜70-80 mW/msp2) in part of northeastern Oklahoma suggests that the thermal regime there may be perturbed by regional groundwater flow originating in the fractured outcrops of the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer in the Arbuckle Mountains.

Cranganu, Constantin

50

Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 46th state, Oklahoma, presents its unusual history with the online version of The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. The Encyclopedia was prepared by over 500 "university-based scholars and independent historians and scholars," and was a joint effort by The Oklahoma Historical Society and Oklahoma State University Library Electronic Publishing Center. Visitors can click on the "Table of Contents" link near the bottom of the homepage to "Browse Entries Alphabetically", "Browse Entries Chronologically", or "Browse Entries by Subject". Browsing via chronology introduces visitors to Oklahoma starting with the "Precontact Era", through the "Westward Expansion" and on to "Twentieth Century to Present". Subject categories include "African Americans", "Farming", "Military", and "Petroleum". When searching, visitors will be taken to the Electronic Publishing Center Search Page, so they will need to choose the specific collection, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, from the drop down box, to confine the search to the Encyclopedia.

51

Oklahoma Healthy Homes Initiative  

PubMed Central

Compelling scientific evidence suggests that a strong association exists between housing-related hazards and the health and safety of their residents. Health, safety, and environmental hazards (such as asthma and allergy triggers), unintentional injury hazards, lead-based paint hazards, and poor indoor air quality are interrelated with substandard housing conditions. This article describes a Healthy Homes initiative to address these hazards in a coordinated fashion in the home, rather than taking a categorical approach, even in the presence of multiple hazards. It also provides an overview of Oklahoma's Healthy Homes initiative and its pilot project, the Tulsa Safe and Healthy Housing Project, which is currently administered in Tulsa in collaboration with Children First, Oklahoma's Nurse-Family Partnership program. This pilot project seeks to open new areas of research that can lead to a greater understanding of environmental health issues related to substandard housing in the United States, which will eventually make homes safer and healthier.

Khan, Fahad

2011-01-01

52

Oklahoma Digital Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A team of talented librarians at the Oklahoma State University Library have created this collection of 3,600 maps, a true find for those with an interest in Sooner history, geography, culture, and more. The cartographic resources are divided into four collections, including the WPA Collection and the USGS Collection. This first collection consists of almost 2,400 detailed county maps produced in the 1930s by the Works Progress Administration and the Oklahoma Tax Commission to determine real estate values. Moving on, the USGS Collection is made up of 300 detailed maps generated from 1892 to the 1950s documenting topographical conditions throughout the state. Interested parties can view all of the maps here via a nice digital image tool and are also welcome to search across the entire collection by keyword.

53

Heat flow in Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty new heat flow values are incorporated, along with 40 previously published data, into a heat flow map of Oklahoma. The new heat flow data were estimated using previous temperature measurements in boreholes made by American Petroleum Institute researchers and 1,498 thermal conductivity measurements on drill cuttings. The mean of 20 average thermal gradients is 30.50sp°C\\/km. In general, thermal gradients

Constantin Cranganu

1997-01-01

54

78 FR 32007 - Environmental Impact Statement for Tulsa-Oklahoma City Passenger Rail Corridor, Oklahoma, Lincoln...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement for Tulsa--Oklahoma City Passenger Rail Corridor, Oklahoma, Lincoln, Creek...Oklahoma Department of Transportation (ODOT) Rail Division intend to prepare an EIS pursuant...for the State of Oklahoma High-Speed Rail Initiative: Tulsa--Oklahoma City...

2013-05-28

55

Promoting School Readiness in Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of the research, conducted on Oklahoma's universal Pre-kindergarten (Pre-k) program, on children of Tulsa Public Schools (TPS), the largest school district in the state to increase the school readiness are presented.

Gormley, William T., Jr.; Gayer, Ted

2005-01-01

56

Lithologic mapping of the Arbuckle Group Formation in the Slick Hills of southwestern Oklahoma, utilizing geographic information systems\\/remote sensing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this study was to determine the presence of dolomite within lithologic sequences of the Arbuckle Group in the Slick Hills, using Landsat TM data. Samples from six formations of the Arbuckle Group were collected and spectral curves made using a spectral radiometer in labs. These spectral curves were then compared with each band of Landsat TM

M. D. Collerain; K. Morgan; N. Donovan; A. Busbey

1993-01-01

57

Oklahoma Higher Education: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A major headline in recent years has been that cash-strapped state governments are cutting back support for many services, including public higher education. Oklahoma is no different. Indeed, in the most recent state budget crafted by Oklahoma policymakers, Oklahoma's public colleges and universities received a 5.8 percent cut in state…

Denhart, Matthew; Matgouranis, Christopher

2011-01-01

58

Lithologic mapping of the Arbuckle Group Formation in the Slick Hills of southwestern Oklahoma, utilizing geographic information systems/remote sensing  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of this study was to determine the presence of dolomite within lithologic sequences of the Arbuckle Group in the Slick Hills, using Landsat TM data. Samples from six formations of the Arbuckle Group were collected and spectral curves made using a spectral radiometer in labs. These spectral curves were then compared with each band of Landsat TM in search of dolomite spectral patterns. Using ERDAS, GRASS and MultiSpec image processing and GIS software, multiband combinations, ratios and principle components computer processing was performed and analyzed. The result was a Landsat derived image that differentiates dolomite from limestone in the Slick Hills.

Collerain, M.D.; Morgan, K.; Donovan, N.; Busbey, A. (Texas Christian Univ., Fort Worth, TX (United States))

1993-02-01

59

The reason God made Oklahoma?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hot. Dusty. Shimmering north Texas noontime. Waves of heat flowing over my car, now making its fourth trip from Sarasota, Florida to Edmond, Oklahoma in the baking summer sun. Trunk of the car loaded with mountains of computer equipment for the Institute. Me praying it's cool enough in there for laser printer, monitor, modem, system case and accessories to survive

Anne M. Parker

1996-01-01

60

Karst in Permian evaporite rocks of western Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Bedded evaporites (gypsum and salt) of Permian age have been dissolved naturally by ground water to form a major evaporite-karst region in western Oklahoma. The Blaine Formation and associated evaporites comprise 100--800 ft of strata that dip gently into broad, structural basins. Outcropping gypsum, dolomite, and red-bed shales of the Blaine display typical karstic features, such as sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and springs. Large caves are developed in gypsum beds 10--30 ft thick at several places, and a major gypsum/dolomite karst aquifer provides irrigation water to a large region in southwestern Oklahoma, where salt layers above and below the Blaine Formation have been partly dissolved at depths of 30--800 ft below the land surface. Salt dissolution causes development of brine-filled cavities, into which overlying strata collapse, and the brine eventually is emitted at the land surface in large salt plains.

Johnson, K.S. (Oklahoma Geological Survey, Norman, OK (United States))

1993-02-01

61

Mississippian facies relationships, eastern Anadarko basin, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Mississippian strata in the eastern Anadarko basin record a gradual deepening of the basin. Late and post-Mississippian tectonism (Wichita and Arbuckle orogenies) fragmented the single large basin into the series of paired basins and uplifts recognized in the southern half of Oklahoma today. Lower Mississippian isopach and facies trends (Sycamore and Caney Formations) indicate that basinal strike in the study area (southeastern Anadarko basin) was predominantly east-west. Depositional environment interpretations made for Lower Mississippian strata suggest that the basin was partially sediment starved and exhibited a low shelf-to-basin gradient. Upper Mississippian isopach and facies trends suggest that basinal strike within the study area shifted from dominantly east-west to dominantly northwest-southeast due to Late Mississippian and Early Pennsylvanian uplift along the Nemaha ridge. Within the study area, the Chester Formation, composed of gray to dove-gray shales with interbedded limestones deposited on a carbonate shelf, thins depositionally into the basin and is thinnest at its facies boundary with the Springer Group and the upper portion of the Caney Formation. As basin subsidence rates accelerated, the southern edge of the Chester carbonate shelf was progressively drowned, causing a backstepping of the Chester Formation calcareous shale and carbonate facies. Springer Group sands and black shales transgressed northward over the drowned Chester Formation shelf.

Peace, H.W. (Oryx Energy, Inc., Midland, TX (United States)); Forgotson, J.M. (Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman (United States))

1991-08-01

62

West Lawn Site and Planting Plans Oklahoma City Civic ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

West Lawn Site and Planting Plans - Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded by N. Shartel Avenue to the West, N. Hudson Avenue to the East, Couch Drive to the North, and Colcord Drive to the South, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, OK

63

Site Plans (1936 and 2001) Oklahoma City Civic Center, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Site Plans (1936 and 2001) - Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded by N. Shartel Avenue to the West, N. Hudson Avenue to the East, Couch Drive to the North, and Colcord Drive to the South, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, OK

64

40 CFR 282.86 - Oklahoma State-Administered Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...following elements submitted to EPA in Oklahoma's program application for final...Underground Storage Tank Program, Oklahoma Corporation Commission, Jim Thorpe Building, Room 238, Oklahoma City, OK 73105. (1) State...

2010-07-01

65

Municipal Building Planting Plan Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Municipal Building Planting Plan - Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded by N. Shartel Avenue to the West, N. Hudson Avenue to the East, Couch Drive to the North, and Colcord Drive to the South, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, OK

66

Typical Raised Planter Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded by ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Typical Raised Planter - Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded by N. Shartel Avenue to the West, N. Hudson Avenue to the East, Couch Drive to the North, and Colcord Drive to the South, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, OK

67

40 CFR 282.86 - Oklahoma State-Administered Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...following elements submitted to EPA in Oklahoma's program application for final...Underground Storage Tank Program, Oklahoma Corporation Commission, Jim Thorpe Building, Room 238, Oklahoma City, OK 73105. (1) State...

2009-07-01

68

Granite Monument Plaza Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded by ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Granite Monument Plaza - Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded by N. Shartel Avenue to the West, N. Hudson Avenue to the East, Couch Drive to the North, and Colcord Drive to the South, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, OK

69

Site Plans (2008 As Built) Oklahoma City Civic Center, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Site Plans (2008 As Built) - Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded by N. Shartel Avenue to the West, N. Hudson Avenue to the East, Couch Drive to the North, and Colcord Drive to the South, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, OK

70

Digital Atlas of the Upper Washita River Basin, Southwestern Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Numerous types of environmental data have been collected in the upper Washita River basin in southwestern Oklahoma. However, to date these data have not been compiled into a format that can be comprehensively queried for the purpose of evaluating the effects of various conservation practices implemented to reduce agricultural runoff and erosion in parts of the upper Washita River basin. This U.S. Geological Survey publication, 'Digital atlas of the upper Washita River basin, southwestern Oklahoma' was created to assist with environmental analysis. This atlas contains 30 spatial data sets that can be used in environmental assessment and decision making for the upper Washita River basin. This digital atlas includes U.S. Geological Survey sampling sites and associated water-quality, biological, water-level, and streamflow data collected from 1903 to 2005. The data were retrieved from the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Information System database on September 29, 2005. Data sets are from the Geology, Geography, and Water disciplines of the U.S. Geological Survey and cover parts of Beckham, Caddo, Canadian, Comanche, Custer, Dewey, Grady, Kiowa, and Washita Counties in southwestern Oklahoma. A bibliography of past reports from the U.S. Geological Survey and other State and Federal agencies from 1949 to 2004 is included in the atlas. Additionally, reports by Becker (2001), Martin (2002), Fairchild and others (2004), and Miller and Stanley (2005) are provided in electronic format.

Becker, Carol J.; Masoner, Jason R.; Scott, Jonathon C.

2008-01-01

71

Paleokarstic phenomena of the Lower Ordovician red bed sequences of the Arbuckle group, southern Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oil and gas production has been reported recently from paleokarstic Arbuckle reservoirs in the Ardmore and Arkoma basin. The West Spring Creek and the Kindblade formations apparently exhibit karstic features. The most extensive surface exposure of these formations is on the southern flank of the Arbuckle anticline along Interstate 35 north of Ardmore, Oklahoma. The lithology is predominantly limestone, ranging

Musselman

1991-01-01

72

40 CFR 81.424 - Oklahoma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Environment 18 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Oklahoma. 81.424 Section 81.424 Protection of Environment...Areas Where Visibility Is an Important Value § 81.424 Oklahoma. Area name Acreage Public Law establishing...

2013-07-01

73

Subgroup Achievement and Gap Trends: Oklahoma, 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper profiles the student subgroup achievement and gap trends in Oklahoma for 2010. Oklahoma made progress in narrowing achievement gaps for most major subgroups on the End-of-Instruction (EOI) test in Algebra I. Trends in achievement gaps could not be determined for other grades in math, or for any grades in reading, because the state…

Center on Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

74

Statistics of Oklahoma's petroleum industry, 1966  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exploratory wells were drilled in all but 9 counties of Oklahoma during 1966. The concentration of discoveries, extensions, outposts, and new pay horizons was in NW. Oklahoma in Beaver, Ellis, Roger Mills, Woods, and Woodward Counties. This area had a 40% success ratio, whereas the state-wide success ratio was 28% for exploratory wells. Tonkawa completions were the most numerous, followed

1967-01-01

75

78 FR 62302 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Savings and Loan Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RESERVE SYSTEM Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Savings...proposal also involves the acquisition of a nonbanking company...also includes whether the acquisition of the nonbanking company...Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; to merge and retain ownership of...

2013-10-15

76

75 FR 44793 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RESERVE SYSTEM Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding...proposal also involves the acquisition of a nonbanking company...also includes whether the acquisition of the nonbanking company...Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; to merge with Union National...

2010-07-29

77

The Significance of Stratigraphy and Lithology in Landform Development in Washington County, Oklahoma  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This winning entry in the museum's Young Naturalist Awards 1999 by Katie, a 15 year old student from Oklahoma, takes a look at the development of Washington County, Oklahoma. Katie's essay has a field-journal focus and explains stratigraphy and lithology, two of the main factors controlling the shape of the land in her county. She provides an overview of the six different formations in the Skiatook Group and the five different formations that outcrop in the Bartlesville area. There are descriptions of the many rock samples she took for this study.

78

Restoration of One-Room School Facilities in Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the last 4 years, four one-room school houses have been restored for use as educational museum facilities. These include the Pleasant Valley School in Stillwater, Oklahoma; the Rose Hill School at Perry, Oklahoma; the old school located on the grounds of the Harn Homestead Museum in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; and the Old Roll School, located…

McKinley, Kenneth H.

79

Did Divorces Decline after the Oklahoma City Bombing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma City bombing in April 1995 was an act of terrorism that had many potential influences on the city and state, including influences on families. We analyzed divorce data from 1985 to 2000 for all 77 counties in Oklahoma to assess the divorce response to the Oklahoma City bombing. Our prediction was that divorce rates in Oklahoma would…

Nakonezny, Paul A.; Reddick, Rebecca; Rodgers, Joseph Lee

2004-01-01

80

Aquatic Vegetation Restoration in Arcadia Lake, Oklahoma: A Case Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Arcadia Lake is located within the metropolitan area of Oklahoma City and Edmund, in Oklahoma County, Oklahoma, about 2.4 km (1.5 miles) southwest of Arcadia, Oklahoma (Figure 1). Construction of the earth-filled dam was authorized by the Flood Control Ac...

G. O. Dick R. M. Smart E. R. Gilliland

2004-01-01

81

Stratigraphic sequence of transgressive barrier bar complex and model for hydrocarbon exploration, Red Fork sandstone, Wakita trend, Grant County, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Desmoinesian Red Fork sandstone (Boggy Formation, Krebs Group), on the northern shelf of the Anadarko basin, Oklahoma, represents a transgressive barrier bar system. The base of the Red Fork interval is marked by the Inola Limestone (Boggy Formation); the top is marked by the Tiawah (Pink) Limestone (Senora Formation, Cabaniss Group). Upper shoreface and foreshore deposits, in which porosity

K. L. OReilly; P. C. Franks

1986-01-01

82

Oklahoma seismic network. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission has established rigorous guidelines that must be adhered to before a permit to construct a nuclear-power plant is granted to an applicant. Local as well as regional seismicity and structural relationships play an integral role in the final design criteria for nuclear power plants. The existing historical record of seismicity is inadequate in a number of areas of the Midcontinent region because of the lack of instrumentation and (or) the sensitivity of the instruments deployed to monitor earthquake events. The Nemaha Uplift/Midcontinent Geophysical Anomaly is one of five principal areas east of the Rocky Mountain front that has a moderately high seismic-risk classification. The Nemaha uplift, which is common to the states of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska, is approximately 415 miles long and 12-14 miles wide. The Midcontinent Geophysical Anomaly extends southward from Minnesota across Iowa and the southeastern corner of Nebraska and probably terminates in central Kansas. A number of moderate-sized earthquakes--magnitude 5 or greater--have occurred along or west of the Nemaha uplift. The Oklahoma Geological Survey, in cooperation with the geological surveys of Kansas, Nebraska, and Iowa, conducted a 5-year investigation of the seismicity and tectonic relationships of the Nemaha uplift and associated geologic features in the Midcontinent. This investigation was intended to provide data to be used to design nuclear-power plants. However, the information is also being used to design better large-scale structures, such as dams and high-use buildings, and to provide the necessary data to evaluate earthquake-insurance rates in the Midcontinent.

Luza, K.V.; Lawson, J.E. Jr. [Oklahoma Geological Survey, Norman, OK (United States)]|[Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States). Energy Center

1993-07-01

83

Quartz Mountain/Oklahoma Summer Arts Institute.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Quartz Mountain Oklahoma Summer Arts Institute program. It is designed to nurture artistic talent and to provide intensive arts experiences in music, dance, theater, and the visual arts for talented students aged 14-18. (AM)

Frates, Mary Y.; Madeja, Stanley S.

1982-01-01

84

Measurements Inside Oklahoma Thunderstorms during Project SESAME.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the state parameter and hydrometeor measurements obtained with the South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (SDSMT) T-28 aircraft within Oklahoma convective clouds during the Severe Environmental Storms and Mesoscale Experiment (SE...

A. J. Heymsfield M. R. Hjelmfelt

1984-01-01

85

77 FR 26598 - Oklahoma Disaster #OK-00059  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a notice of an Administrative declaration of a disaster for the State of Oklahoma. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes and Hail. DATES: Effective April 26, 2012. Incident Period: April 13, 2012 through April 15, 2012. Physical Loan...

2012-05-04

86

76 FR 31670 - Oklahoma Disaster #OK-00048  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Assistance Only for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA- 1970-DR), dated 05/06/2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, and Straight-line Winds. Incident Period: 04/14/2011. Effective Date: 05/06/2011. Physical Loan...

2011-06-01

87

75 FR 35103 - Oklahoma Disaster #OK-00040  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Assistance Only for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA- 1917-DR), dated 06/11/2010. Incident: Severe storms, tornadoes, and straight-line winds. Incident Period: 05/10/2010 through 05/13/2010. Effective Date:...

2010-06-21

88

75 FR 30871 - Oklahoma Disaster #OK-00038  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA-1917-DR), dated 05/24/2010. Incident: Severe storms, tornadoes, and straight-line winds. Incident Period: 05/10/2010 through 05/13/2010. Effective Date:...

2010-06-02

89

Subsidence and thermal history of Southern Oklahoma aulacogen: implications for petroleum exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reconstructed subsidence curves and the thermal history of the Southern Oklahoma aulacogen support the concept of thermally controlled isostatic subsidence for the formation of the basin and indicate the significance of this concept for petroleum exploration. Two mechanisms - initial elastic flexure, followed by detachment and differential subsidence of the aulacogen - are inferred from the subsidence curves. Two methods

Feinstein

1981-01-01

90

Storm deposits (tempestites) in Ordovician cratonic carbonates (Arbuckle Group, south-central Oklahoma)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Early Ordovician Kindblade Formation (Arbuckle Group), exposed in the Arbuckle Mountains of south-central Oklahoma, is a shallow marine epicontinental carbonate sequence that contains numerous storm deposits. The storm deposits (tempestites) are of two types, proximal and distal; the latter dominates in terms of both number and aggregate thickness. Distal tempestites consist of a fining upward sequence, 5 to 50

R. K. Goldhammer; R. D. Elmore

1983-01-01

91

Evidence for existence of Sabkhalike conditions in Upper Arbuckle Group, Slick Hills, southwestern Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Slick Hills of southwestern Oklahoma, the Ordovician upper Arbuckle Group carries a cryptic record of evaporite precipitation. This record is particularly well developed in the Cool Creek and, to a lesser extent, the West Spring Creek formations. Principal lines of evidence supporting this conclusion are (1) salt pseudomorphs (after gypsum( )) preserved in chert and, less commonly, in

D. A. Ragland; R. N. Donovan

1990-01-01

92

Sauroposeidon proteles, a new sauropod from the early Cretaceous of Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sauroposeidon proteles, a new brachiosaurid sauropod, is represented by an articulated series of four mid-cervical vertebrae recovered from the Antlers Formation (Aptian–Albian) of southeastern Oklahoma. Most Early Cretaceous North American sauropod material has been referred to Pleurocoelus, a genus which is largely represented by juvenile material and is not well understood. Regardless of the status and affinities of Pleurocoelus, the

Mathew J. Wedel; Richard L. Cifelli; R. Kent Sanders

2000-01-01

93

Monitoring temperature conditions in recently drilled nonproductive industry boreholes in Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Temperature conditions were monitored in seven industry petroleum-test wells (called holes-of-opportunity in this report) that were drilled in central and eastern Oklahoma. Five of these wells provided useful temperature information, and two wells were used to determine the length of time needed for the borehole-fluid temperature to achieve thermal equilibrium with the formation rocks. Four wells were used to verify the validity of a geothermal-gradient map of Oklahoma. Temperature surveys in two wells indicated a gradient lower than the predicted gradients on the geothermal-gradient map. When deep temperature data, between 5000 and 13,000 feet, are adjusted for mud-circulation effects, the adjusted gradients approximate the gradients on the geothermal-gradient map. The temperature-confirmation program appears to substantiate the geographic distribution of the high- and low-thermal-gradient regimes in Oklahoma. 13 refs., 18 figs., 7 tabs.

Harrison, W.E.; Luza, K.V.

1985-06-01

94

Groundwater quality and water-well characteristics in the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma Jurisdictional Area, central Oklahoma, 1948--2011  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2012, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma, compiled historical groundwater-quality data collected from 1948 to 2011 and water-well completion information in parts of Lincoln, Oklahoma, and Pottawatomie Counties in central Oklahoma to support the development of a comprehensive water-management plan for the Tribe’s jurisdictional area. In this study, water-quality data from 155 water wells, collected from 1948 to 2011, were retrieved from the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Information System database; these data include measurements of pH, specific conductance, and hardness and concentrations of the major ions, trace elements, and radionuclides that have Maximum Contaminant Levels or Secondary Maximum Contaminant Levels in public drinking-water supplies. Information about well characteristics includes ranges of well yield and well depth of private water wells in the study area and was compiled from the Oklahoma Water Resources Board Multi-Purpose Well Completion Report database. This report also shows depth to water from land surface by using shaded 30-foot contours that were created by using a geographic information system and spatial layers of a 2009 potentiometric surface (groundwater elevation) and land-surface elevation. Wells in the study area produce water from the North Canadian River alluvial and terrace aquifers, the underlying Garber Sandstone and Wellington Formation that compose the Garber–Wellington aquifer, and the Chase, Council Grove, and Admire Groups. Water quality varies substantially between the alluvial and terrace aquifers and bedrock aquifers in the study area. Water from the alluvial aquifer has relatively high concentrations of dissolved solids and generally is used for livestock only, whereas water from the terrace aquifer has low concentrations of dissolved solids and is used extensively by households in the study area. Water from the bedrock aquifer also is used extensively by households but may have high concentrations of trace elements, including uranium, in some areas where groundwater pH is above 8.0. Well yields vary and are dependent on aquifer characteristics and well-completion practices. Well yields in the unconsolidated alluvial and terrace aquifers generally are higher than yields from bedrock aquifers but are limited by the thickness and extent of these river deposits. Well yields in the alluvium and terrace aquifers commonly range from 50 to 150 gallons per minute and may exceed 300 gallons per minute, whereas well yields in the bedrock aquifers commonly range from 25 to 50 gallons per minute in the western one-third of study area (Oklahoma County) and generally less than 25 gallons per minute in the eastern two-thirds of the study area (Lincoln and Pottawatomie Counties).

Becker, Carol J.

2013-01-01

95

What Works in Oklahoma Schools: A Comprehensive Needs Assessment of Oklahoma Schools. Phase III Action Steps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the Phase III report from the "What Works in Oklahoma Schools" study. As opposed to describing the findings from the study that was conducted, it provides a tool-kit that can be used by Oklahoma principals and teachers to determine the best courses of action for their schools and classrooms. The tools provided in this report…

Marzano Research Laboratory, 2011

2011-01-01

96

Feasibility of a Theme Park in Fort Gibson, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes a feasibility study for a potential 'Theme Park' in Eastern Oklahoma on the Grand River near Fort Gibson. The Oklahoma Gas and Electric Company, the Ozarks Regional Commission and the Three Forks Company have asked Economics Research ...

1972-01-01

97

76 FR 44030 - Oklahoma; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEMA-2011-0001] Oklahoma; Major Disaster and Related Determinations AGENCY: Federal...the Presidential declaration of a major disaster for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA-1988-DR...2011, the President issued a major disaster declaration under the authority of...

2011-07-22

98

40 CFR 282.86 - Oklahoma State-Administered Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...from the Underground Storage Tank Program, Oklahoma Corporation Commission, Jim Thorpe Building, Room 238, Oklahoma City, OK 73105. (1) State statutes and regulations . (i) The provisions cited in this paragraph are incorporated by...

2013-07-01

99

76 FR 27076 - Oklahoma; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1970-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] Oklahoma; Major Disaster...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA-1970-DR), dated April 22, 2011, and related...

2011-05-10

100

77 FR 74689 - Land Acquisitions; Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Indian Affairs Land Acquisitions; Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma AGENCY: Bureau of Indian...127.65 acres of land in trust for the Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma on December 6, 2012...65 acres of land into trust for the Tonkawa Tribe of Oklahoma under the...

2012-12-17

101

East Lawn Site and Planting Plan with Section Oklahoma ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

East Lawn Site and Planting Plan with Section - Oklahoma City Civic Center, Bounded by N. Shartel Avenue to the West, N. Hudson Avenue to the East, Couch Drive to the North, and Colcord Drive to the South, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma County, OK

102

76 FR 42723 - Land Acquisitions; Osage Nation of Oklahoma  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Acquisitions; Osage Nation of Oklahoma AGENCY: Bureau of Indian...known as ``OMDE Ponca City,'' into trust for the Osage Nation of Oklahoma on July 8, 2011. FOR FURTHER...trust for the Osage Nation of Oklahoma under the authority of...

2011-07-19

103

Social and Economic Consequences of Indian Gaming in Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The balancing framework of Indian gaming as it operates in Oklahoma constrains Oklahoma Indian nations from operating facilities according to the dictates of the marketplace on a large-scale Class III basis. Indian gaming actually brings substantial net economic benefits to the state, contrary to claims that Oklahoma Indian gaming benefits come at…

Grant, Kenneth W., II; Spilde, Katherine A.; Taylor, Jonathan B.

2004-01-01

104

Oklahoma City, Canadian River, OK, USA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This view of Oklahoma City, OK (35.5N, 97.5W) surrounded by the grasslands of the central plains, is detailed enough to use as a map of the major highways and throughfares within the city and surrounding area. Tinker Air Force Base and Will Rogers International Airport as well as Lakes Hefner, Stanley Draper and nearby recreation areas. The smaller community of Norman, on the banks of the Canadian River to the south, is home to the University of Oklahoma.

1991-01-01

105

A climatic guide for North Central Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides some climatological data pertaining to central and north central Oklahoma. The information was derived from standard reference material to reflect what general surface meteorological characteristics exist in that region. It is intended to assist those individuals involved in the implementation of the first ARM site in that locale. A similar guide already exists for the region involved in Kansas entitled, One Regional ARM Guide for Climatic Evaluation''. The Oklahoma Kansas area was selected as the first site from the process reported in the Identification, Recommendation and Justification of Potential Locales for ARM Sites''.

Brown, R.M.

1991-06-01

106

A climatic guide for North Central Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

This guide provides some climatological data pertaining to central and north central Oklahoma. The information was derived from standard reference material to reflect what general surface meteorological characteristics exist in that region. It is intended to assist those individuals involved in the implementation of the first ARM site in that locale. A similar guide already exists for the region involved in Kansas entitled, ``One Regional ARM Guide for Climatic Evaluation``. The Oklahoma Kansas area was selected as the first site from the process reported in the ``Identification, Recommendation and Justification of Potential Locales for ARM Sites``.

Brown, R.M.

1991-06-01

107

Report for Consultation on the Metropolitan Oklahoma City Intrastate Air Quality Control Region (Oklahoma).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is intended to provide the basic background information to provide a basis for the adoption of regional air quality standards and the implementation of those standards. It proposes boundaries for the Oklahoma City Intrastate Air Quality Control...

1970-01-01

108

Oklahoma Pre-Kindergarten Curriculum Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents curriculum guidelines intended for use as a recommended curriculum for children attending early childhood programs in Oklahoma. The introductory section describes critical characteristics of quality early childhood programs, noting that early childhood programs should be appropriate for the age, developmental level, and…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.

109

Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators Journal 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators 2009 Journal includes the following four peer reviewed articles: (1) The Changing Role of Grandparents (Fred D. Hammond, III, Terry E. Spigner, Charolette Myles-Nixon, and Pauline Holloway); (2) Pedagogical Agent Instructional Design Challenges (Jon Martens); (3) Differences in Relatedness across…

Green, Malinda Hendricks, Ed.

2009-01-01

110

Career Education: A Model for Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The booklet for implementing career education is one of the products of the career education project at Sand Springs Public Schools, Oklahoma. Areas of concern are: selection of staff, orienting the community, planning inservice training, developing goals and objectives, organizing an advisory council, establishing a placement function, using…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater.

111

Oklahoma Curriculum Guide for Teaching Safety Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by classroom teachers, university professors, and personnel from the Oklahoma State Department of Education, this guide is an effort to assist teachers in locating and utilizing safety materials as well as to assist them in developing well-balanced safety programs for the children and young people in the state. The preschool and…

Oklahoma Curriculum Improvement Commission, Oklahoma City.

112

DISTRIBUTION OF PHYTOPLANKTON IN OKLAHOMA LAKES  

EPA Science Inventory

This is a data report presenting the species and abundance of phytoplankton in the 15 lakes sampled by the National Eutrophication Survey in the State of Oklahoma. Results from the calculation of several water quality indices are also included (Nygaard's Trophic State Index, Palm...

113

The Internship Program at Oklahoma State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The internship program in technical communications at Oklahoma State University is a 3-credit-hour course that offers students an opportunity to apply the principles of technical communication learned in the classroom to an on-the-job situation. The prerequisites for the course are 9 hours of English and a course on intermediate…

Southard, Sherry G.

114

Did the Oklahoma City Bombers Succeed?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The worst case of domestic terrorism in our country's history, the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, led to the enactment of a landmark antiterrorism statute. Not surprisingly, several of the statute's provisions strengthen federal power in extraordinary and unprecedented ways to counter the threat of terrorism. But other provisions radically restrict the ability of

Jordan Steiker

2001-01-01

115

Seismogram offers insight into Oklahoma City bombing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995, generated seismic waves that were recorded on two permanent seismographs about 7 and 26 km away from the bombing. The seismogram recorded at 26 km shows two low-frequency wave trains, discrete sets of oscillatory signals, that begin about 10 s apart. Public release

Thomas L. Holzer; Joe B. Fletcher; Gary S. Fuis; Trond Ryberg; Thomas M. Brocher; Christopher M. Dietel

1996-01-01

116

Disaster nursing in the Oklahoma City bombing.  

PubMed

The Oklahoma City Federal Building disaster quickly changed a routine day of eye surgical procedures into a chaotic trauma center for the victims with not only eye injuries, but multiple deep lacerations and other injuries. The devastating and disruptive effect of the bombing was stressful for the nursing staff who became disaster survivors of the emotional trauma involved. PMID:7594916

Atkinson, R; Keylon, K; Odor, P S; Walker, G; Hunt, L

1995-10-01

117

Ethnicity and Identity in Northeastern Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The origins of the Oklahoma Delaware reflect a complex history of migration, forced relocation, and punitive concentration. Though 36 tribal identities survive today, they are not of equal cultural coherence. Among the Delaware, there is no simple relation between socioeconomic status, level of acculturation, and factional membership. Rather, the…

Roark, Sue N.

118

The Oklahoma Indian and Nature Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The product of a Title IX Ethnic Heritage Grant, this teaching-resource guide has been designed and evaluated by teams of Native American adults, teachers, and Indian and non-Indian students from three Oklahoma schools selected as project sites: Anadarko Public Schools; Muskogee Public Schools; and Sapula Public Schools. The guide is divided into…

Eyster, Ira; Chisholm, Anita

119

ASPECTS OF COWBIRD PARASITISM IN SOUTHERN OKLAHOMA  

Microsoft Academic Search

SPECTS of the parasitic breedin, u habits of the Brown-headed Cowbird (IMoZothrus ater) have been documented extensively by Friedmann (1929)) Laskey (1950)) Berger (1951)) Norris (1947), and others. It was the purpose of this study to investigate some of the major aspects of such parasitism in the breeding avifauna of southern Oklahoma. Particular em- phasis was placed on observation of

JOHN A. WIENS

120

Funding Equity in Oklahoma: The Extremes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report attempts to answer the question of whether or not there are school districts that are perennial to the extremes in the funding of Oklahoma Schools from SY-99 to SY-08. Using data collected from these years, calculations of fiscal neutrality were made and a rank ordering of districts was performed and then collated over the ten year…

Hancock, Kenneth; Schwab, Steve

2009-01-01

121

75 FR 42173 - Oklahoma Disaster #OK-00041  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...This is a notice of an Administrative declaration of a disaster for the State of Oklahoma dated 07/13/2010. Incident: Tornadoes, Severe Storms, Straight Line Winds and Flooding. Incident Period: 06/13/2010 through 06/15/2010. DATES:...

2010-07-20

122

40 CFR 81.126 - Northwestern Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Northwestern Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region...Regions § 81.126 Northwestern Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. The Northwestern Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality...

2013-07-01

123

40 CFR 81.65 - Joplin (Missouri)-Northeast Oklahoma Interstate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Joplin (Missouri)-Northeast Oklahoma Interstate Air Quality Control Region... Joplin (Missouri)-Northeast Oklahoma Interstate Air Quality Control Region...The Joplin (Missouri)-Northeast Oklahoma Interstate Air Quality...

2013-07-01

124

30 CFR 936.20 - Approval of Oklahoma abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... The Secretary approved the Oklahoma abandoned mine land reclamation...plan are available at: (a) Oklahoma Conservation Commission, 2800 N. Lincoln Blvd., Suite 160, Oklahoma City, OK 73105. (b) Office...

2010-07-01

125

30 CFR 936.20 - Approval of Oklahoma abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... The Secretary approved the Oklahoma abandoned mine land reclamation...plan are available at: (a) Oklahoma Conservation Commission, 2800 N. Lincoln Blvd., Suite 160, Oklahoma City, OK 73105. (b) Office...

2009-07-01

126

40 CFR 272.1851 - Oklahoma State-administered program: Final authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Statutes and Regulations. (1) The Oklahoma statutes and regulations cited...You may obtain copies of the Oklahoma regulations that are incorporated...of State, P.O. Box 53390, Oklahoma City, OK 73152-3390; Phone...

2010-07-01

127

78 FR 16036 - Service Level Environmental Impact Statement for the Texas Oklahoma Passenger Rail Study Corridor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement for the Texas Oklahoma Passenger Rail Study Corridor, South Texas to Oklahoma...improved high- speed intercity passenger rail service along an 850-mile corridor...Level EIS, the Texas Oklahoma Passenger Rail Study (Study) also includes...

2013-03-13

128

A Study on the Delivery of Lower Division Collegiate Programs and Services in the Metropolitan Oklahoma City Region for the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990, the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education authorized a study of lower-division education services offered by Central State University, El Reno Junior College, Oklahoma City Community College, Oklahoma State University Technical Branch, and Rose State College--all operating in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. Special attention…

Parnell, Dale; Philips, Al

129

A digital geologic map database for the state of Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This dataset is a composite of part or all of the 12 1:250,000 scale quadrangles that make up Oklahoma. The result looks like a geologic map of the State of Oklahoma. But it is only an Oklahoma shaped map clipped from the 1:250,000 geologic maps. This is not a new geologic map. No new mapping took place. The geologic information from each quadrangle is available within the composite dataset.

compiled by Heran, William D.; Green, Gregory N.; Stoeser, Douglas B.

2003-01-01

130

RAPTOR REHABILITATION AT THE OKLAHOMA CITY ZOO  

Microsoft Academic Search

A program of raptor rehabilitation has been conducted at the Oklahoma City Zoo in an effort to conserve wildlife, to assist the publid, and to gain knowledge about the care and treatment of injured birds. From October 1973 through December 1974 Red-tailed Hawks and Great Horned Owls constituted 45.3 percent of all birds donated. Donations from the public comprised 89.0

John C. Snelling

1975-01-01

131

Oklahoma Center for High Energy Physics (OCHEP)  

SciTech Connect

The DOE EPSCoR implementation grant, with the support from the State of Oklahoma and from the three universities, Oklahoma State University, University of Oklahoma and Langston University, resulted in establishing of the Oklahoma Center for High Energy Physics (OCHEP) in 2004. Currently, OCHEP continues to flourish as a vibrant hub for research in experimental and theoretical particle physics and an educational center in the State of Oklahoma. All goals of the original proposal were successfully accomplished. These include foun- dation of a new experimental particle physics group at OSU, the establishment of a Tier 2 computing facility for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and Tevatron data analysis at OU and organization of a vital particle physics research center in Oklahoma based on resources of the three universities. OSU has hired two tenure-track faculty members with initial support from the grant funds. Now both positions are supported through OSU budget. This new HEP Experimental Group at OSU has established itself as a full member of the Fermilab D0 Collaboration and LHC ATLAS Experiment and has secured external funds from the DOE and the NSF. These funds currently support 2 graduate students, 1 postdoctoral fellow, and 1 part-time engineer. The grant initiated creation of a Tier 2 computing facility at OU as part of the Southwest Tier 2 facility, and a permanent Research Scientist was hired at OU to maintain and run the facility. Permanent support for this position has now been provided through the OU university budget. OCHEP represents a successful model of cooperation of several universities, providing the establishment of critical mass of manpower, computing and hardware resources. This led to increasing Oklahoma�¢����s impact in all areas of HEP, theory, experiment, and computation. The Center personnel are involved in cutting edge research in experimental, theoretical, and computational aspects of High Energy Physics with the research areas ranging from the search for new phenomena at the Fermilab Tevatron and the CERN Large Hadron Collider to theoretical modeling, computer simulation, detector development and testing, and physics analysis. OCHEP faculty members participating on the D0 collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron and on the ATLAS collaboration at the CERN LHC have made major impact on the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson search, top quark studies, B physics studies, and measurements of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) phenomena. The OCHEP Grid computing facility consists of a large computer cluster which is playing a major role in data analysis and Monte Carlo productions for both the D0 and ATLAS experiments. Theoretical efforts are devoted to new ideas in Higgs bosons physics, extra dimensions, neutrino masses and oscillations, Grand Unified Theories, supersymmetric models, dark matter, and nonperturbative quantum field theory. Theory members are making major contributions to the understanding of phenomena being explored at the Tevatron and the LHC. They have proposed new models for Higgs bosons, and have suggested new signals for extra dimensions, and for the search of supersymmetric particles. During the seven year period when OCHEP was partially funded through the DOE EPSCoR implementation grant, OCHEP members published over 500 refereed journal articles and made over 200 invited presentations at major conferences. The Center is also involved in education and outreach activities by offering summer research programs for high school teachers and college students, and organizing summer workshops for high school teachers, sometimes coordinating with the Quarknet programs at OSU and OU. The details of the Center can be found in http://ochep.phy.okstate.edu.

S. Nandi; M.J. Strauss; J. Snow; F. Rizatdinova; B. Abbott; K. Babu; P. Gutierrez; C. Kao; A. Khanov; K.A. Milton; H. Neaman; H. Severini, P. Skubic

2012-02-29

132

The New Robotic Telescope at Oklahoma State University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new, 0.6-m robotic telescope of Ritchey-Chrétien design was recently installed at the H. S. Mendenhall Observatory (HSMO) of Oklahoma State University (OSU), and is now undergoing operational tests. Funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research through the Defense University Research Instrumentation Program, it replaces HSMO's original 0.35-m Schmidt-Cassegrain telescope. Research programs will include the characterization of near-Earth objects and collaborative searches for transiting exoplanets, programs which will also open up new research opportunities for students in the Oklahoma-Arkansas region. Ideally, these opportunities will attract more undergraduate and graduate students to major in physics and astronomy, and foster the creation of degree programs in astronomy at OSU. Optical Guidance Systems was the contractor for both the telescope and dome automation. The telescope's ceramic 602-mm f/3 primary and 220-mm secondary mirrors yield an effective focal ratio of f/8 that can be changed to f/5.3 with a focal reducer / field flattener. Fields of view range from 0.75° at f/5.3 to 1.2° at f/8. The Strehl ratio is 0.954. The telescope's carbon-fiber Serrurier truss is supported by an equatorial fork mount equipped with friction drives. Telescope equipment includes a 35-mm-format CCD camera with UBVRI filters, field rotator, off-axis guider, and flip-mirror unit for quick switches to eyepiece observing. HSMO itself is conveniently located under reasonably dark skies at an elevation of 340 m about 15 km southwest of the city of Stillwater, whose population, including OSU, is approaching 50,000. HSMO's dome was completed in 2002, and funding is being raised for a control building near the dome. The observatory's URL is www.physics.okstate.edu/observatory.

Shull, Peter, Jr.

2007-12-01

133

Porosity trends of nonreservoir and reservoir sandstones, Anadarko basin, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The porosity of nonreservoir sandstones in Caddo County, Oklahoma, is determined using compensated-neutron and formation-density logs. The authors preliminary data set represents more than 3,000 net ft of Pennsylvanian and Permian age sandstones from 12 well locations. These porosity data and the average porosities of sandstone oil and gas reservoirs within the Anadarko basin of Oklahoma are each compared to a broad, composite set of porosity data from numerous basins that represent sandstones in general, and they are also compared to each other. The porosity of nonreservoir sandstones in Caddo County declines predictably as a power function of increasing thermal maturity for vitrinite reflectance (R{sub 0}) of 0.5 to 1.3%. The rate of porosity decrease with increasing thermal maturity is more rapid than that of the average porosity-R{sub 0} trend of the composite set, but is still within the porosity-R{sub 0} envelope of sandstones in general. Hydrocarbon reservoir sandstones of the Anadarko basin, however, follow a different pattern. Their rate of porosity loss is much slower than that of both sandstones in general, and nonreservoir sandstones of Caddo County. This slow rate of porosity decline with increasing R{sub 0} could be due to inhibiting effects of early hydrocarbon emplacement on diagenesis and (or) to the bias of economic selection. In any case, as R{sub 0} increases beyond about 1%, the porosity of Anadarko basin reservoir sandstones is anomalously high compared to both nonreservoir Anadarko basin sandstones and sandstones in general.

Hester, T.C.; Schmoker, J.W. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States))

1991-03-01

134

Source of shallow Simpson Group Oil in Murray County, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Oils produced from the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician) in three shallow fields located north of the Arbuckle Mountains in Murray County, Oklahoma, have widely differing compositions: SW Sandy Creek, 28.9{degree} API, 0.57% sulfur; Davis NE, 25.9{degree} API, 0.72% sulfur; Sulfur NW, 16.4{degree} API, 1.44% sulfur. From gas chromatography and biomarker analysis, they determined that the oils were derived from the same source and that the differences in composition are due to biodegradation of the oils in the shallow reservoirs. A comparison of the biomarker assemblage of the Simpson Group oils to several other oils produced in the Arbuckle Mountain area showed that the Simpson Group assemblage highly resembled the assemblage of a Woodford Formation oil (Devonian) but had no similarity to a Viola Formation oil (upper Middle Ordovician). The Simpson Group oils also differed markedly from an oil produced from the Arbuckle Group (Lower Ordovician) in the nearby, shallow Southeast Hoover field. Their data suggest that the source of the shallow Simpson Group oils is the Woodford Formation located in the downthrown Mill Creek syncline south and west of these fields. A large vertical migration along faults or within the fault block is implied by this geometry. However, the Arbuckle Group oil from the Southeast Hoover field, south of the syncline, has a different source.

Zemmels, I.; Tappmeyer, D.M.; Walters, C.C. (Sun Exploration and Production Co., Dallas, TX (USA))

1987-02-01

135

DISABILITIES IN OKLAHOMA--ESTIMATES AND PROJECTIONS, REPORT OF THE OKLAHOMA SURVEY OF DISABILITIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY WAS TO PROVIDE REASONABLY ACCURATE ESTIMATES OF THE NUMBER AND TYPES OF DISABLED PERSONS AND THEIR NEEDS AS A BASIS FOR BOTH PRESENT AND FUTURE PLANNING. PERSONAL INTERVIEWS WERE CONDUCTED WITH ADULT RESPONDENTS IN 3,000 HOUSEHOLDS IN OKLAHOMA, A RANDOM SAMPLE STATIFIED ON THE RURAL-URBAN DIMENSION. DATA FROM 2,058…

BOHLEBER, MICHAEL E.

136

Ground water in the Beggs area, Okmulgee County, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This memorandum discusses the geology of the Beggs area in Okmulgee County, Oklahoma, as it is related to the availability of ground water. Geological reports and unpublished data from the files of the Oklahoma Geological Survey, together with local information furnished by R.W. Steinman, Beggs Water Superintendent, are the basis for the statements that follow.

Schoff, Stuart L.

1948-01-01

137

Literacy and Education among Adult Indians in Oklahoma. Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The U.S. Office of Education funded the Adult Indian Education Project (AIEP) for 15 months to identify literacy levels and educational needs of adult American Indians in Oklahoma. Using Native American field interviewers, the AIEP surveyed a 1.8% random sample of adults from 19 tribal groups representing 70% of the Indian population of Oklahoma.…

Hall, Paul R.; And Others

138

Forensic Seismology and the 1995 Oklahoma City Terrorist Bombing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, on April 19, 1995, was recorded on 2 permanent seismographs, 7 and 26 km away. The more distant seismograph recorded 2 low-frequency wave trains separated by about 10 s. Militia groups speculated that the 2 wave trains were caused by separate explosions and hinted at a

T. L. Holzer

2002-01-01

139

Oklahoma's Indian People: Images of Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to be combined with the social studies curriculum, this guide promotes awareness of American Indian contributions to Oklahoma's development and cultural heritage. Lessons help students in grades 6 through 9 strengthen powers of critical thinking, practice writing skills, and develop creative expression, while learning about Oklahoma's 34…

Chisholm, Anita, Ed.

140

Oklahoma administrators' perceptions of applied science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scope and method of study. The purpose of this study was to assess the perceptions of Oklahoma Public School Superintendents when applied science courses such as Applied Biology/Chemistry and Applied Physics (Principles of Technology) are compared to traditional science courses such as Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. The study was conducted with a population of 69 Oklahoma comprehensive school superintendents who were under contract during the 1997/98 school year. Each participant was employed by a school district that offered either Applied Biology/Chemistry, Applied Physics (also known as Principles of Technology) or both. All participants completed an 18-question telephone survey. Combined means and percentages of participants responses to the survey were recorded to draw conclusions about the study. Findings and conclusions. Superintendents perceive teachers and students as having good acceptance of applied science courses. Superintendents believe students think of applied science courses as excellent hands-on science, and teachers think of them as acceptable alternative science. Superintendents are somewhat satisfied with applied science courses. They believe it makes no difference if a student is college bound, non-college bound, more motivated or less motivated as to whom benefits from applied science courses. Superintendents feel there is no difference in applied science courses and traditional science courses when teaching science concepts of "PASS Skills," or preparing students for college or work. They perceive the cost of applied science courses to be somewhat greater than traditional science courses. They also think additional training for applied science teachers should be in the form of a seminar. Superintendents feel full credit toward high school graduation and college entrance requirements should be given to the students of applied science courses. Superintendents believe there is no difference as to which course, applied science or traditional science, that utilize facilities better. They believe applied science courses should be offered as an alternative science class and that they have a good future in the Oklahoma educational system.

Horn, Stanley James

141

Chemical analyses of surface waters in Oklahoma, September - December 1944  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A preliminary survey of the industrial quality of surface waters in Oklahoma was started in August, 1944, by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Oklahoma Resources and Planning Board, with the Oklahoma A. & M. College, Engineering Experiment Station and Department of Chemistry. From September to December, 1944, three hundred and fifteen samples were obtained at eighty-four points where gages are maintained for measurement of discharge. Daily samples were collected at six stations, namely: Illinois River near Gore, Oklahoma Cimarron River near Oilton, Oklahoma Canadian River near Whitefield, Oklahoma Washita River near Durwood, Oklahoma Red River near Gainesville, Texas Red River at Denison Dam, Texas Sport samples were collected at the remainder of the stations. The analyses of the spot samples were made largely in a laboratory provided by the Oklahoma A. & M. College, under the supervision of Dr. O.M. Smith, Head, Department of Chemistry; Dr. S.R. Wood, Associate Professor of Chemistry; and W.W. Hastings, U.S. Geological Survey. The daily samples were analyzed in the water resources laboratory of the Geological Survey at Austin, Texas. These data have been summarized in a report to the Oklahoma Planning and Resources Board prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey, March 1, 1945. The streams of Oklahoma are classified into two major drainage basins: the Arkansas River and the Red River and their tributaries. The attached analyses are arranged in geographical order for their respective drainage basins, with records listed in downstream order for stations on the main stem first, followed by the analyses for the tributaries. When available, the mean daily discharge is given for the analyses. (available as photostat copy only)

Geological Survey (U.S.)

1945-01-01

142

Psychological response to the Oklahoma City bombing.  

PubMed

The bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Office Building in Oklahoma City was the most devastating terrorist activity that has occurred in America. Prevention of revictimization of persons seriously affected by the bombing was central to the planned response to this tragedy. Coordination and collaboration among local, state, and national agencies promoted effective clinical services provision, research facilitation, and prevention of revictimization. Information gathered from this cooperative effort will contribute to the effort to minimize the potential for such tragedies in the future as well as help to develop prevention and intervention strategies to reduce the effects when the next such disaster occurs. PMID:8682905

Krug, R S; Nixon, S J; Vincent, R

1996-01-01

143

Groundwater Quality and Water-Well Characteristics in the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma Jurisdictional Area, Central Oklahoma, 1948-2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2012, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Kickapoo Tribe of Oklahoma, compiled historical groundwater-quality data collected from 1948 to 2011 and water-well completion information in parts of Lincoln, Oklahoma, and Pottawatomie Countie...

C. J. Becker

2013-01-01

144

75 FR 40820 - City of Broken Bow, Oklahoma; Project No. 12470-001-Oklahoma Broken Bow Re-Regulation Dam...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Preservation Office (Oklahoma SHPO) that the Caddo Nation be included in the development of...and the Oklahoma SHPO on behalf of the Caddo Nation have identified an interest in issues...Tribal Historic Preservation Officer, Caddo Nation, P.O. Box 487, Binger,...

2010-07-14

145

Soil moisture determination study. [Guymon, Oklahoma  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Soil moisture data collected in conjunction with aircraft sensor and SEASAT SAR data taken near Guymon, Oklahoma are summarized. In order to minimize the effects of vegetation and roughness three bare and uniformly smooth fields were sampled 6 times at three day intervals on the flight days from August 2 through 17. Two fields remained unirrigated and dry. A similar pair of fields was irrigated at different times during the sample period. In addition, eighteen other fields were sampled on the nonflight days with no field being sampled more than 24 hours from a flight time. The aircraft sensors used included either black and white or color infrared photography, L and C band passive microwave radiometers, the 13.3, 4.75, 1.6 and .4 GHz scatterometers, the 11 channel modular microwave scanner, and the PRT5.

Blanchard, B. J.

1979-01-01

146

Oklahoma Climatological Survey: Outreach and Educational Materials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oklahoma Climatological Survey (OCS) provides outreach programs and educational materials to public safety agencies, agricultural interests, educators, and the general public. These include OK-FIRST, which provides weather data and training to public safety agencies; EarthStorm, a program for educators that integrates learning modules with real-time weather data; and Agweather, a website that provides information to help agricultural producers with weather-related decisions. The site also features a glossary of weather terminology, a set of lesson plans, and reference materials intended for use as refresher information by teachers. Other resources include information on tornado safety, case studies on the use of OCS training materials, and a set of maps and graphs with climatological data and information on severe weather phenomena.

147

Mass casualties in the Oklahoma City bombing.  

PubMed

The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was partially destroyed by a terrorist bomb on April 19, 1995. Injuries were sustained by 759 people, 168 of whom died. Fatalities occurred primarily among victims in the collapse zone of the federal building. Only 83 survivors required hospitalization. Twenty-two surviving victims sustained multiple fractures. Most victims arrived at local emergency departments by private vehicle within 2 hours. More severely injured survivors were transported by ambulance. The closer receiving hospitals used emergency department facilities and minor treatment areas. Few survivors were extricated from the bombing site more than 3 hours after the detonation. Mass casualty plans must provide for improved communications, diversion and retriage from facilities nearest the disaster site, and effective coordination of community and hospital resources. PMID:15187837

Teague, David C

2004-05-01

148

Seismogram offers insight into Oklahoma City bombing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995, generated seismic waves that were recorded on two permanent seismographs about 7 and 26 km away from the bombing. The seismogram recorded at 26 km shows two low-frequency wave trains, discrete sets of oscillatory signals, that begin about 10 s apart. Public release of this record prompted speculation that each wave train was caused by a different energy source. On May 23, 1995, the U.S. Geological Survey monitored the demolition of the bomb-ravaged Federal Building with portable seismographs (Figure 1). Two wave trains were picked up again. The recordings indicate that the wave trains during both the bombing and demolition represent seismic waves traveling at different velocities. We conclude that the two wave trains recorded during the bombing are consistent with a single impulsive energy source.

Holzer, Thomas L.; Fletcher, Joe B.; Fuis, Gary S.; Ryberg, Trond; Brocher, Thomas M.; Dietel, Christopher M.

149

MISR Scans the Texas-Oklahoma Border  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These MISR images of Oklahoma and north Texas were acquired on March 12, 2000 during Terra orbit 1243. The three images on the left, from top to bottom, are from the 70-degree forward viewing camera, the vertical-viewing (nadir) camera, and the 70-degree aftward viewing camera. The higher brightness, bluer tinge, and reduced contrast of the oblique views result primarily from scattering of sunlight in the Earth's atmosphere, though some color and brightness variations are also due to differences in surface reflection at the different angles. The longer slant path through the atmosphere at the oblique angles also accentuates the appearance of thin, high-altitude cirrus clouds.

On the right, two areas from the nadir camera image are shown in more detail, along with notations highlighting major geographic features. The south bank of the Red River marks the boundary between Texas and Oklahoma. Traversing brush-covered and grassy plains, rolling hills, and prairies, the Red River and the Canadian River are important resources for farming, ranching, public drinking water, hydroelectric power, and recreation. Both originate in New Mexico and flow eastward, their waters eventually discharging into the Mississippi River.

A smoke plume to the north of the Ouachita Mountains and east of Lake Eufaula is visible in the detailed nadir imagery. The plume is also very obvious at the 70-degree forward view angle, to the right of center and about one-fourth of the way down from the top of the image.

MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.

2000-01-01

150

78 FR 33464 - Oklahoma Disaster Number OK-00071  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a major disaster for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA-4117-DR), dated 05/20/ 2013. Incident: Severe Storms and Tornadoes. Incident Period: 05/18/2013 through 05/27/2013. Effective Date: 05/27/2013. Physical Loan...

2013-06-04

151

Kay County, Oklahoma, Water and Sewerage Comprehensive Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Kay County, Oklahoma Water and Sewerage Comprehensive Plan is essentially a statement of existing water, sewer and drainage conditions with recommendations and/or proposals relative to future physical development and utility needs of Kay County. Inclu...

1972-01-01

152

National Uranium Resource Evaluation: Enid Quadrangle, Oklahoma and Kansas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The uranium resources of the Enid Quadrangle, Oklahoma and Kansas, were evaluated to a depth of 1500 m using the available surface and subsurface geologic information, supplemented with an intensive geologic and geochemical reconnaissance of the quadrangl...

R. L. Eutsler S. Bloch K. S. Johnson

1982-01-01

153

National Uranium Resource Evaluation: Lawton Quadrangle, Oklahoma and Texas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Uranium resources of the Lawton Quadrangle, Oklahoma and Texas, were evaluated to a depth of 1500 m using National Uranium Resource Evaluation critieria. Five areas of uranium favorability were delineated. Diagenetically altered, quartzose and sublithic, ...

Z. Al-Shaieb R. G. Thomas G. F. Stewart

1982-01-01

154

Assessment of Nursing in Oklahoma - 1970 - Summary Report and Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results are reported of a study initiated by the Oklahoma Board of Nurse Registration and Nursing Education to obtain information that would assist individuals and groups to plan effectively for health care services in the State. The primary objective of ...

1971-01-01

155

A Resource Manual for Speech and Hearing Programs in Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrative aspects of the Oklahoma speech and hearing program are described, including state requirements, school administrator role, and organizational and operational procedures. Information on speech and language development and remediation covers language, articulation, stuttering, voice disorders, cleft palate, speech improvement,…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.

156

75 FR 15450 - Oklahoma; Major Disaster and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The following areas of the State of Oklahoma have been designated as adversely affected by this major disaster: Alfalfa, Caddo, Cleveland, Comanche, Cotton, Delaware, Dewey, Ellis, Grady, Greer, Harmon, Haskell, Hughes, Jackson, Kiowa,...

2010-03-29

157

76 FR 50535 - Oklahoma Disaster Number OK-00052  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Assistance Only for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA-1989-DR), dated 06/21/2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 05/22/2011 through 05/25/2011. Effective Date:...

2011-08-15

158

76 FR 37166 - Oklahoma Disaster Number OK-00050  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of a major disaster for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA--1989--DR), dated 06/06/ 2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 05/22/2011 through 05/25/2011. EFFECTIVE DATES:...

2011-06-24

159

AN OKLAHOMA WEATHER MODIFICATION PROGRAM STATUS REPORT AND PROJECT REVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent history of the Oklahoma Weather Modification Program (OWMP) is presented, the 2001 field program summarized, and the current status of the statewide rainfall stimulation and hail suppression program reported. Some suggestions for program improvement are also enumerated.

Timothy E. Sedlock; Nathan R. Kuhnert; Rebecca L. Resler; Michael E. Mathis; Bruce A. Boe; Brian Vance

160

Variation of oil composition in vicinity of Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Fifteen oils in an 8-county area in the vicinity of the Arbuckle Mountains were classified into 6 oil types: stable platform type, Mill Creek syncline type, Joiner City field type, Gloeocapsamorpha type, Hoover field A-type; and Fitts field type. The stable platform, Mill Creek syncline, and Joiner City field types have a common element (diminished C/sub 32/ hopane) and are thought to be derived from distinctly different facies of the Woodford Formation. The Viola Limestone oil is typical of oil generated from Ordovician rocks. The Hoover field A-type has an element of Ordovician composition and is thought to have been derived from an Arbuckle Group shale. The Fitts field oil has a unique composition and has not been assigned to a source. The variation of oil composition in the vicinity of the Arbuckle Mountains is attributed to (1) the large number of potential source rocks, (2) the variety of facies going from the stable platform into the southern Oklahoma aulacogen, and (3) biodegradation of oils in shallow reservoirs.

Zemmels, I.; Walters, C.C.

1987-08-01

161

Ore microscopy of the Paoli silver-copper deposit, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Paoli silver-copper deposit is located in south-central Oklahoma, 56 km south-southeast from Norman, Oklahoma. It was mined for high-grade silver-copper near the beginning of this century, and intensive exploratory drilling during the early 1970's delineated unmined portions of the deposit. A collaborative study between the U.S.G.S., the Kansas Geological Survey, and the University of Missouri-Rolla was undertaken to provide new information on the character of red bed copper deposits of the Midcontinent region. The Paoli deposit has been interpreted to occur as a roll-front type of deposit. The silver and copper mineralization occurs within paleochannels in the Permian Wellington Formation. The silver-copper interfaces appear to be controlled by oxidation-reduction interfaces that are marked by grey to red color changes in the host sandstone. Ore microscopic examinations of polished thin sections show that unoxidized ore consists of chalcocite, digenite, chalcopyrite, covellite and pyrite; and oxidized ores are characterized by covellite, bornite, hematite and goethite. In sandstone-hosted ores, chalcocite and digenite replace dolomite and border clastic quartz grains. In siltstone-hosted ores, the copper sulfide grains have varied shapes; most are irregular in shape and 5-25 ??m across, others have euhedral shapes suggestive of pyrite crystal replacements, and some are crudely spherical and are 120-200 ??m across. Chalcopyrite is the predominant copper sulfide at depth. Covellite and malachite replace chalcocite and digenite near the surface. Silver only occurs as native silver; most as irregularly shaped grains 40-80 ??m across, but some as cruciform crystals that are up to 3.5 mm across. The native silver has been deposited after copper sulfides, and locally replaces chalcocite. Surficial nodules of pyrite, malachite and hematite locally are present in outcrops at the oxidation-reduction fronts. Polished sections of the nodules show that malachite forms a cement around quartz sand grains, and brecciated pyrite grains are surrounded by rims of hematite and goethite. Dolomite is the principal sandstone cement. Cathodoluminescence microscopic study of the mineral has shown that it was deposited during seven periods before the copper sulfide mineralization. ?? 1991.

Thomas, C. A.; Hagni, R. D.; Berendsen, P.

1991-01-01

162

Pennsylvanian foreland deformation of Wichita uplift, southwest Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pennsylvanian foreland deformation associated with the Ouachita orogene reactivated a west-northwest-east-southeast Cambrian basement trend, the southern Oklahoma aulacogen, to form the Wichita uplift, southwest Oklahoma. The 30-km-wide subsurface Frontal fault zone separates the uplift from the Anadarko basin to the north. Horizontal shortening across this fault zone is estimated at 7-15 km (20-40%), vertical displacement totals 9-10 km from the

1986-01-01

163

Selected bibliography pertaining to uranium occurrence in eastern New Mexico and west Texas and nearby parts of Colorado, Oklahoma, and Kansas. Interim report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearly 500 selected references to uranium and to stratigraphy, ; structure, and groundwater geology related to uranium-bearing formations in ; eastern New Mexico and West Texas and nearby parts of Colorado, Kansas, and ; Oklahoma are indexed topically and geographically. The list is nearly complete ; through 1972 and contains some references with later dates. (GRA)

W. I. Finch; J. C. Wright; M. W. Sullivan

1975-01-01

164

76 FR 70940 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Oklahoma; Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Central Oklahoma Early Action Compact (EAC) Area \\38\\ incorporated a Memorandum of Agreement...pollution control measures for the Central Oklahoma EAC area. The Attainment Demonstration for the Tulsa EAC Area \\39\\ incorporated a MOA between the...

2011-11-16

165

76 FR 29255 - Oklahoma; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1970-DR; Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] Oklahoma; Amendment No...major disaster declaration for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA-1970-DR), dated April 22, 2011, and related...

2011-05-20

166

First Two Years of Observations NASA ACTS Propagation Experiment Central Oklahoma Site.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Continuous observations from December 1, 1993 through November 30, 1995 were made at the ACTS Propagation Terminal on the roof of the Sarkeys Energy Center at the University of Oklahoma in Norman, Oklahoma. Beacon and radiometer observations were combined...

R. K. Crane

1996-01-01

167

78 FR 32161 - Oklahoma: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...as amended effective July 1, 2012. 3. Revisions of the Treatment 76 FR 34147-34157 Oklahoma Statutes Standards for Carbamate Wastes. August 12, 2011. Title 27A Section (Checklist 227). 2-7-101 et seq., Oklahoma Hazardous Waste...

2013-05-29

168

A proposed streamflow data program for Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An evaluation of the streamflow data available in Oklahoma has been made to provide guidelines for planning future data-collection programs. The basic steps in the evaluation procedure were (1) definition of the long-terms goals of the streamflow-data program in quantitative form, (2) examination and analysis of streamflow data to determine which goals have been met, and (3) consideration of alternate programs and techniques to meet the remaining goals. The study defines the individual relation between certain statistical streamflow characteristics and selected basin parameters. This relation is a multiple regression equation that could be used on a statewide basis to compute a selected natural-flow characteristic at any site on a stream. The study shows that several streamflow characteristics can be estimated within an accuracy equivalent to 10 years of record by use of a regression related to at least three climatic or basin parameters for any basin of 50 square miles or more. The study indicates that significant changes in the scope and character of the data-collection program would enhance the possibility of attaining the remaining goals. A streamflow-data program based on the guidelines developed in this study is proposed for the future.

Bohn, J. D.; Hoffman, G. L.

1970-01-01

169

Last Glacial Maximum Development of Parna Dunes in Panhandle Oklahoma, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Though dunefields are a ubiquitous feature of the North American Great Plains, those studied to date have consisted primarily of sand grains. In Beaver County of the Oklahoma panhandle, however, upland dune forms consist of sand-sized aggregates of silt and clay. These aptly named parna dunes occur in two swarms, range in height from 10-15 m, and have asymmetrical dome morphologies with approximate north-south dune orientations. Despite their morphological similarities to sand dunes of the region, their origin and evolution is unknown. Documenting parna dune formation in the Oklahoma panhandle will help improve our understanding of prehistoric landscape instability and climate change, particularly in the central Great Plains where such records are limited. Panhandle parna dunes are typified by Blue Mound, our best documented parna dune thus far. Coring has documented a basal paleosol buried at a depth equivalent to the surrounding landscape—14C ages from this soil indicate its formation about 25-21 ka. The paleosol is a hydric Mollisol with a pronounced C3 isotopic signature reflecting hydric plant communities, rather than the regionally dominated C4 prairie vegetation. Hydric soils are associated with many of the playas on the surrounding landscape today, which suggests that they may have been more prevalent during the LGM. The overlying 8-10 m of parna is low in organic C and high in calcite, with indications of up to ten major episodes of sediment flux, which are documented with magnetic, isotope, soil-stratigraphic, particle-size, and color data. Near-surface luminescence (OSL) ages from Blue Mound are similar to the 14C ages from the basal paleosol, indicating rapid dune construction, with little or no Holocene accumulation of sediment. Marine isotope stage (MIS) 3 loess records indicate that upland areas of the region were relatively stable with attendant widespread pedogenesis prior to development of the parna dunes. At the onset of the LGM, however, the landscape destabilized, and aeolian processes dominated. Peoria Loess began accumulating throughout parts of Oklahoma and much of Kansas, Nebraska, and beyond, until landscape stabilization was re-attained about 14-13 ka. Our chronological and geomorphic data suggest that parna dune construction in the Oklahoma panhandle was the result of strong, northerly winds, which precipitated aeolian activity at the beginning of MIS 2. Furthermore, these features appear to be more analogous to the regional loess record than the sand dune activation record, and, with more research, may prove to be a reliable record of late-Quaternary landscape change in the central Great Plains.

Johnson, W. C.; Halfen, A. F.; McGowen, S.; Carter, B.; Fine, S.; Bement, L. C.; Simms, A. R.

2012-12-01

170

The impact of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing on the partners of firefighters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the impact of the 1995 Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, bombing on the spouses and significant others of a volunteer\\u000a sample of Oklahoma City firefighters who participated in the bombing rescue effort. Twenty-seven partners of Oklahoma City\\u000a firefighters participated in this study, conducted 42 to 44 months after the bombing. These partners were assessed using a\\u000a structured diagnostic interview

Betty Pfefferbaum; Carol S. North; Kenneth Bunch; Teddy G. Wilson; Phebe Tucker; John K. Schorr

2002-01-01

171

77 FR 47089 - Land Acquisitions; United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Affairs Land Acquisitions; United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma AGENCY...land into trust for the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians of Oklahoma on July...land into trust for the United Keetoowah Band of Oklahoma Corporation under the...

2012-08-07

172

77 FR 19691 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Norman, OK  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History, Norman, OK AGENCY: National Park Service...The Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History has completed an inventory of human remains...the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History. Repatriation of the human remains...

2012-04-02

173

Lower-Division Offerings in the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Area: Studies and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information on associate degree and certificate offerings at four two-year institutions in the Oklahoma and Tulsa City metropolitan areas and articulation between baccalaureate degree programs at the University of Central Oklahoma and four metropolitan area two-year institutions. Part I classifies Oklahoma City area…

Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, Oklahoma City.

174

Case finding and mental health services for children in the aftermath of the Oklahoma City bombing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1995 Oklahoma City bombing killed 168 people, including 19 children, and injured hundreds more. Children were a major focus of concern in the mental health response. Most services for them were delivered in the Oklahoma City Public Schools where approximately 40,000 students were enrolled at the time of the explosion. Middle and high school students in the Oklahoma City

Betty Pfefferbaum; Guy M. Sconzo; Brian W. Flynn; Lauri J. Kearns; Debby E. Doughty; Robin H. Gurwitch; Sara Jo Nixon; Shajitha Nawaz

2003-01-01

175

Geology of the Cottonwood Creek field, Carter County, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

In late 1987, the Cottonwood Creek field, Carter County, Oklahoma, was heralded by flows of nearly 4,000 BOPD and 3 MMCFGD from the upper Arbuckle Group. The field structure is part of the buried Criner uplift along the southwest flank of the Ardmore basin. The uplift formed during a Late Mississippian/Early Pennsylvanian episode of bidirectional thrusting (northeast and southwest) probably related to convergent strike-slip faulting. The basic field structure formed as a northeast-directed thrust plate, cored with Arbuckle Group carbonates and cut by a backthrust. The Cottonwood Creek anticline was near the crest of the uplift. It was erosionally denuded of its Simpson through Caney cover and karsted to depths of at least 1,600 ft. Subthrust strata include the Woodford source rocks. In the Middle to Late Pennsylvanian the uplift was buried by clastics (about 8,000 ft thick over cottonwood Creek). Culminating in the late Pennsylvanian, a second episode of wrench faulting sliced through the Criner uplift. About 3 mi of left-lateral slip occurred on this Criner-Healdton fault, which also dropped the anticline about 3,000 ft relative to the block to the south, completing the trap at Cottonwood Creek field. Fourteen wells have found oil in the anticline over an approximately 2.5 by 0.5-mi area. The oil column is at least 900 ft thick. Eight of the wells tested for 1,200-3,700 BOPD plus associated gas from a complex of fractures, Brown Zone dolomite, and karst-enhanced porosity in the West Spring Creek and Kindblade formations.

Roberts, M.T.; Read, D.L. (CNG Producing Co., Denver, CO (USA))

1990-05-01

176

Ground water available in the Davenport area, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This memorandum describes the ground-water resources in the vicinity of Davenport, Lincoln County, Oklahoma. It is based on a one-day trip to Davenport made by the writer on February 11, 1948, to obtain information in addition to that in the ground-water files in Norman on the availability of ground water for public supply or other uses in the Davenport area. Davenport is a town of about 1,000 in east-central Lincoln County, Oklahoma, on U.S. Highway 66, about half way between Oklahoma City and Tulsa. It is in an area of undulating to gently rolling topography underlain by rocks of Pennsylvanian age. The area is drained into Deep Fork of the Canadian River, by Dry Creek and its tributary, Chuckaho Creek.

Schoff, Stuart L.

1948-01-01

177

Tight Oklahoma gas sands remain an attractive play  

SciTech Connect

The Cherokee tight gas sands of Oklahoma remain an attractive play because of improvements in drilling and completion practices and actions by the Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) that allow separate allowables for new wells. The expired federal tax credits for tight gas wells have not been the only reason for increased activity. Since decontrol of most regulated gas pricing and since 1986, the number of wells drilled and gas production per well have been increasing in the cherokee area while overall drilling in Oklahoma has decreased. These conclusions are based on wells as categorized by permit date and not by the spud, completion, or first production date. A few wells outside but adjacent to the Cherokee area may have been included, although, their impact on the conclusions is considered nominal. The paper discusses the tight gas credit, proration units, the concept of separate allowables, costs, completion efficiency, and the economic outlook for this area.

Cartwright, G.L. [Marathon Oil Co., Oklahoma City, OK (United States)

1995-04-24

178

Characteristics of successful aviation leaders of Oklahoma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scope and method of study. The purpose of the study was to examine the personal traits, skills, practices, behaviors, background, academic, and career success patterns of selected aviation leaders in Oklahoma. A purposive sample of 18 leaders who had achieved a top-ranked position of aviation leadership in an organization or a position of influence in the community was selected for interview. The leaders chosen for interview came from a variety of aviation organizations including government, academia, military, corporate aviation, and air carrier leadership as well as community leadership (specifically those aviation personnel who were engaged in a political or civic leadership role). Findings and conclusions. This study identified no common career choices, educational, family, or other background factors exclusively responsible for leadership success of all of the participants. Some of the more significant findings were that a high percentage of the leaders held undergraduate and advanced degrees; however, success had been achieved by some who had little or no college education. Aviation technical experience was not a prerequisite for aviation leadership success in that a significant number of the participants held no airman rating and some had entered positions of aviation leadership from non-aviation related careers. All had received some positive learning experience from their family background even those backgrounds which were less than desirable. All of the participants had been involved in volunteer civic or humanitarian leadership roles, and all had received numerous honors. The most frequently identified value expressed by the leaders was honesty; the predominant management style was participative with a strong backup style for directing, the most important skills were communication and listening skills, and the most frequently mentioned characteristics of success were honesty, credibility, vision, high standards, love for aviation and fiscal responsibility. The most frequently identified curriculum need across all aviation disciplines was that of communication skills.

Kutz, Mary N. Hill

179

Relations among land cover, streamflow, and water quality in the North Canadian River Basin near Oklahoma City, Oklahoma: 1968-2009  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the city of Oklahoma City, has collected water-quality samples at the North Canadian River near Harrah, Oklahoma (the Harrah station), since 1968, and the North Canadian River at Britton Road at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (the Britton Road station), since 1988. The North Canadian municipal wastewater-treatment plant, managed by the city of Oklahoma City, is the largest wastewater-treatment plant in the North Canadian River Basin and discharges effluent between the Britton Road and Harrah stations. Water-quality constituent concentrations were summarized, and trends in concentrations and frequencies of detection of selected constituents with time were evaluated to determine if changes in land cover, streamflow, and other potential sources of constituents in water had significant effects on water quality in the North Canadian River downstream from Oklahoma City.

Esralew, Rachel A.; Andrews, William J.; Smith, S. Jerrod

2011-01-01

180

Public health assessment for Oklahoma Refining Company, Cyril, Caddo County, Oklahoma, Region 6. Cerclis No. OKD091598870. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Oklahoma Refining Company site, near the town of Cyril, Caddo County, Oklahoma, is approximately 160 acres. Contaminants associated with the site include volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile compounds, heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and petroleum hydrocarbons. Heavy metals and PAHs are the primary contaminants at levels of health concern. During refinery operations, ambient air was likely to have been and could be a significant exposure pathway for on-site workers and off-site residents. Residents swimming in Gladys Creek downstream of the ORC site during refinery operations were likely to have been exposed to contaminants in surface water and sediment. The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) has concluded that the Oklahoma Refining Company site was a public health hazard during its past operation based on probable exposure during the release of wastes from the oil refinery process.

NONE

1995-02-09

181

Evaluation of water resources for enhanced oil recovery operations, Cement Field, Caddo and Grady Counties, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

This report is based on the results of an investigation of the water resources local to the Cement Oil Field in Caddo and Grady Counties, southwestern, Oklahoma. The intent of the report is to present at least a semi-quantitative estimate of the volume, deliverability, and chemistry of the water potentially available for enhanced oil recovery in one or more Oklahoma oil fields. Subsequent to a review of several oil fields, the Cement Field was chosen for study because of its large size (25,000 acres), its extensive subsurface control (over 1850 wells), and its long history of production (since 1952) from several producing formations, some of which are already undergoing extensive waterflood operations. A preliminary review of the available data for this study suggested a threefold categorization of water resources, since the data for each category are distinctly different in nature, and, to some extent, different in source. The three categories are: surface water, ground water, and subsurface water. Flow, volume, and chemical analyses of each source are estimated.

Preston, D.A.; Harrison, W.E.; Luza, K.V.; Prater, L.; Reddy, R.J.

1982-02-01

182

University of Oklahoma - High Energy Physics  

SciTech Connect

The High Energy Physics program at the University of Oklahoma, Pat Skubic, Principal Investigator, is attempting to understand nature at the deepest level using the most advanced experimental and theoretical tools. The four experimental faculty, Brad Abbott, Phil Gutierrez, Pat Skubic, and Mike Strauss, together with post-doctoral associates and graduate students, are finishing their work as part of the D0 collaboration at Fermilab, and increasingly focusing their investigations at the Large Hadron Collidor (LHC) as part of the ATLAS Collaboration. Work at the LHC has become even more exciting with the recent discovery by ATLAS and the other collaboration, CMS, of the long-sought Higgs boson, which plays a key role in generating masses for the elementary constituents of matter. Work of the OUHEP group has been in the three areas of hardware, software, and analysis. Now that the Higgs boson has been discovered, completing the Standard Model of fundamental physics, new efforts will focus on finding hints of physics beyond the standard model, such as supersymmetry. The OUHEP theory group (Kim Milton, PI) also consists of four faculty members, Howie Baer, Chung Kao, Kim Milton, and Yun Wang, and associated students and postdocs. They are involved in understanding fundamental issues in formulating theories of the microworld, and in proposing models that carry us past the Standard Model, which is an incomplete description of nature. They therefore work in close concert with their experimental colleagues. One also can study fundamental physics by looking at the large scale structure of the universe; in particular the ``dark energy'' that seems to be causing the universe to expand at an accelerating rate, effectively makes up about 3/4 of the energy in the universe, and yet is totally unidentified. Dark energy and dark matter, which together account for nearly all of the energy in the universe, are an important probe of fundamental physics at the very shortest distances, or at the very highest energies. The outcomes of the group's combined experimental and theoretical research will be an improved understanding of nature, at the highest energies reachable, from which applications to technological innovation will surely result, as they always have from such studies in the past.

Skubic, Patrick L. [University of Oklahoma] [University of Oklahoma

2013-07-31

183

University of Oklahoma: School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Oklahoma offers information on research in the areas of bioengineering, polymers science and engineering, environmental engineering, and energy studies. Examples include the Engineering Virtual Library and the Chemical Engineering Virtual Library, related government research labs, discipline-specific groupings of Chemical Engineering online resources, and selected corporate Web pages.

184

The aerobiological significance of smut spores in Tulsa, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few aerobiological studies have focused on smut spores, teliospores of fungi within the order Ustilaginales, but the scientific literature provides evidence of the potential aerobiological significance of these plant pathogens. The atmosphere in Tulsa, Oklahoma was monitored for the presence of smut teliospores using a Burkard Volumetric Spore Trap. Smut spores were identified in the atmospheric samples every day from

Victoria Crotzer; Estelle Levetin

1996-01-01

185

Personal Touches Warm up Oklahoma City U.'s Campus  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oklahoma City University prides itself on treating its faculty and staff members like family. It is the kind of place where new employees are welcomed in the president's house, staff members kick in to raise money when a colleague faces hard times, and promising young workers are offered flexible work schedules and free tuition to help them…

Mangan, Katherine

2009-01-01

186

Policies and Procedures Manual for Special Education in Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manual contains policies and procedures assuring all Oklahoma handicapped children the right to a free, appropriate public education. The manual establishes minimum standards for program approval, minimum standards for the determination of pupil eligibility, and considerations which will lead to appropriate programming within the least…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City. Div. of Special Education.

187

Emergency Department Impact of the Oklahoma City Terrorist Bombing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study objective: To collect descriptive epidemiologic injury data on patients who suffered acute injuries after the April 19, 1995, Oklahoma City bombing and to describe the effect on metropolitan emergency departments. Methods: A retrospective review of the medical records of victims seen for injury or illness related to the bombing at 1 of the 13 study hospitals from 9:02 AM

David E Hogan; Joseph F Waeckerle; Daniel J Dire; Scott R Lillibridge

1999-01-01

188

Economic Impact of Interstate Highway 35 on Tonkawa, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This interim report shows economic data gathered and analyzed, covering a 48 month period, involving the effects of the opening of Interstate 35 on Tonkawa, Oklahoma and compares these data with the control city of Woodward and the control county of Woodw...

1968-01-01

189

Bidding Documents for Asbestos Abatement in Oklahoma Public Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All relevant specifications and forms for the removal of asbestos from Oklahoma public buildings are consolidated in this document. The specifications cover the entire procedure for asbestos removal beginning with solicitation for bids; contractor's responsibilities concerning date of completion, general cleanup, laying out work, wage scale, and…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.

190

Conodont biostratigraphy of lower Ordovician rocks, Arbuckle Group, southern Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Arbuckle Group of southern Oklahoma displays the only complete exposure of the shallow-water carbonates that characterize the Lower Ordovician of interior North America. Trilobites have been described from some parts of this sequence and sporadic occurrences of other invertebrates are known, but much of the sequence is sparingly fossiliferous. As a consequence, these magnificent exposures have not contributed notably

R. I. Dresbach; R. L. Ethington

1989-01-01

191

Geology of the Cottonwood Creek field, Carter County, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

In late 1987, the Cottonwood Creek field, Carter County, Oklahoma, was heralded by flows of nearly 4,000 BOPD and 3 MMCFGD from the upper Arbuckle Group. The field structure is part of the buried Criner uplift along the southwest flank of the Ardmore basin. The uplift formed during a Late Mississippian\\/Early Pennsylvanian episode of bidirectional thrusting (northeast and southwest) probably

M. T. Roberts; D. L. Read

1990-01-01

192

Petroleum production and exploration in Ouachita region of Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Petroleum production in the Ouachita region of southeastern Oklahoma occurs in three geographic areas parallel to regional structure. The frontal gas, central oil, and central gas belts are distinguished by differences in structural setting, reservoir strata, and types of hydrocarbons. In the frontal belt, nearly 1 trillion ft³ of dry gas has been produced from thrusted and subthrust Morrowan and

N. H. Suneson; J. A. Campbell

1989-01-01

193

National Uranium Resource Evaluation: Enid Quadrangle, Oklahoma and Kansas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The uranium resources of the Enid Quadrangle, Oklahoma and Kansas, were evaluated to a depth of 1500 m using the available surface and subsurface geologic information, supplemented with an intensive geologic and geochemical reconnaissance of the quadrangle. Uranium occurrences reported in the literature were located, sampled, and described in detail. Areas of anomalous radioactivity and areas of known copper mineralization

R. L. Eutsler; S. Bloch; K. S. Johnson

1982-01-01

194

Student Data Report, Oklahoma Higher Education, 1996-97.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides data on student characteristics, enrollments, and flow in Oklahoma's postsecondary education institutions, public and private, including two-year colleges. Maps and tables, with some narrative, present information on enrollments as a percentage of population, rates of entry into postsecondary education, geographic distribution…

Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education, Oklahoma City.

195

Successful Concurrent Programs: An EXCELerate Program in Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents the implementation and findings of a successful collaborative effort with the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education (OSRHE), Tulsa Community College (TCC), and two local public school districts, Tulsa Public Schools (TPS) and Union Public Schools (UPS). Known as EXCELerate, it's a five-semester dual enrollment pilot…

Vargas, Juanita Gamez; Roach, Rick; David, Kevin M.

2014-01-01

196

Ground-water conditions in the vicinity of Enid, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This memorandum summaries matter discussed at a meeting of the City Commission of Enid, Oklahoma, on Thursday, January 15, 1948, at which the write presented a brief analysis of the ground-water resources available to the City of Enid and answered questions brought up by the commissioners.

Schoff, Stuart L.

1948-01-01

197

Diurnal cycle of the Oklahoma City urban heat island  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between the dates of 28 June and 31 July 2003, the Joint Urban 2003 (JU2003) field project was conducted in Oklahoma City and was the largest urban dispersion experiment ever in North America. Because the focus of JU2003 was on atmospheric processes within the urban environment, an extremely dense network of instrumentation was deployed in and around the central business

Jeffrey B. Basara; Peter K. Hall; Amanda J. Schroeder; Bradley G. Illston; Kodi L. Nemunaitis

2008-01-01

198

CATALOG OF EDUCATIONAL INNOVATIONS IN THE OKLAHOMA PUBLIC SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTEEN INSTRUCTIONAL INNOVATIONS IN SEVENTY FIVE OKLAHOMA SCHOOL DISTRICTS ARE DESCRIBED IN THIS BOOKLET. THE MATERIAL WAS CHOSEN EITHER BECAUSE IT PRESENTED A COMPLETELY NEW IDEA OR BECAUSE IT PRESENTED SOME INNOVATIVE MEANS OF IMPLEMENTING A FAMILIAR IDEA. INSTRUCTIONAL INNOVATIONS AND PROGRAM DESCRIPTIONS ARE INCLUDED IN THE…

PETTY, PAUL V.; AND OTHERS

199

Annotated bibliography of the Anadarko basin area; Kansas - Oklahoma - Texas  

SciTech Connect

This bibliography contains 118 additional records related to the geology of the Anadarko basin area of Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas. Specific topics include, but are not limited to: petroleum, and natural gas deposits; mineralogy; lithology; petrology; tectonics; and geochemistry. The subject index provides listings of records related to each county and the geologic ages covered by this area.

McLaughlin, J.E.

1985-01-01

200

Indochina Refugee Physician ECFMG Preparatory Course, Area III, Oklahoma City.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the final report on the ECFMG Preparatory Course for the Vietnamese Refugee Physicians under the contract number 231-76-0006 between the Department of Health, Education and Welfare and the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center. The course ...

1976-01-01

201

Oklahoma City - Central State University Cooperative Program in Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma City-Central State University Cooperative Program in Teacher Education is designed to provide student teachers preparing for middle school careers with a more realistic opportunity to integrate educational theories of learning and behavior with day-to-day public school experiences. A maximum of 25 students spend a full semester in an…

Central State Univ., Edmond, OK. Coll. of Education.

202

How a School Coped with the Oklahoma City Bombing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the Oklahoma City bombing, fifth graders at a nearby elementary school coped with ensuing uncertainty, pain, and loss. They wrote appreciative letters to fire and rescue workers; shared personal stories with classmates; compiled an anthology of poems, prayers, and stories; attended an assembly to honor parents participating in rescue…

Aspy, David N.; Aspy, Cheryl B.

1996-01-01

203

Tornadoes in the Oklahoma City Area Since 1890.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oklahoma City (OKC), by virtue of its large areal extent and location near the heart of 'tornado alley,' has earned a reputation over the years as one of the tornado-prone cities in the United States. Each of the 93 tornado listings presented in this repo...

M. L. Branick

1994-01-01

204

Oklahoma city: Disaster challenges mental health and medical administrators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health and medical administrators responded to the Oklahoma City bombing with cooperative and overlapping efforts to meet community needs in the wake of terrorism. The major agencies assisted in the immediate rescue response, organized crisis hotlines, prepared mental health professionals to counsel bereaved families and victims, organized debriefing of rescuers, assessed mental health needs of local school children, planned

Phebe Tucker; Betty Pfefferbaum; Robert Vincent; Sharron D. Boehler; Sara Jo Nixon

1998-01-01

205

Oklahoma City: A Working Partnership in the Arts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Oklahoma City arts-in-education program uses community arts and educational organizations as resources for a program in which all offerings are carefully related to the curriculum, curriculum themes provide the arts with access to other subjects, and everything is designed to meet the objectives of the school system. (Author/IRT)

Frates, Mary Y.

1976-01-01

206

Evaluating Injury Prevention Programs: The Oklahoma City Smoke Alarm Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates how evaluating the Oklahoma City Smoke Alarm Project increased its success in reducing residential fire-related injuries and deaths. The program distributed and tested smoke alarms in residential dwellings and offered educational materials on fire prevention and safety. Evaluation provided sound data on program processes and outcomes,…

Mallonee, Sue

2000-01-01

207

A paradigm for multidisciplinary disaster research: the oklahoma city experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this article is to describe the creation and operation of a multidisciplinary group to examine the Oklahoma City (OKC) bombing. The OKC bombing presented an opportunity to study a major disaster within 2 days of the incident. The Disaster Health Studies Group (DHSG) was created to facilitate this effort. The creation, organization, and operation of the DHSG

Gary Quick

1998-01-01

208

ACT Profile Report: State. Graduating Class 2012. Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information about the performance of Oklahoma's 2012 graduating seniors who took the ACT as sophomores, juniors, or seniors; and self-reported at the time of testing that they were scheduled to graduate in 2012 and tested under standard time conditions. This report focuses on: (1) Performance: student test performance in the…

ACT, Inc., 2012

2012-01-01

209

Subsidence and basin development in the southern Oklahoma aulacogen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of the southern Oklahoma aulacogen was the result of Cambrian tectonism along Proterozoic zones of weakness that caused northwest-trending extensional normal faults related to a rifting event. These faults were reactivated during upper Paleozoic compressional stress with fault patterns indicative of sinistral transpressive and transtensional movement. Mapping in the region has allowed classification of the myriad of faults into

1991-01-01

210

Students' Perceptions of Bullying in Oklahoma Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We studied perceptions of Oklahoma public school students (n = 7,848) regarding bullying. Specifically, we asked for their thoughts about the seriousness of bullying, the hurtfulness of bullying, their involvement in bullying (as victim or perpetrator), their responses to being bullied or seeing someone else being bullied, and what they wanted…

Hughes, Patricia Paulsen; Middleton, Katherine M.; Marshall, David D.

2009-01-01

211

Preliminary Industrial Hygiene Survey Report of Conley Corporation, Tulsa, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In July, 1984, a preliminary industrial hygiene survey was performed at Conley Corporation (SIC-3079) Tulsa, Oklahoma, where 4,4'-methylene-dianiline (101779) (4,4'-MDA) is used as a hardening agent in manufacturing fiberglass epoxy pipe and pipe fittings...

M. Boeniger

1986-01-01

212

Ground water in the Anadarko area [Caddo County], Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report offers a preliminary interpretation of the geology and ground-water hydrology of the Anadarko area, Oklahoma. L.V. Davis prepared the accompanying map from aerial photographs and furnished much of the geologic information, and records of the State Mineral Survey (WPA) were used in the preparation of the section on the Rush Springs sandstone. (available as photostat copy only)

Schoff, Stuart L.

1948-01-01

213

Relationship between College Readiness, Oklahoma State Testing Program, and EXPLORE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and Method of Study: The study investigated the relationship between performance on the Oklahoma State Testing Program (OSTP) for grades 3-7 and the EXPLORE in math and reading for 586 students. The EXPLORE test, a part of the ACT, is given in the eighth grade and provides college readiness benchmarks and a national percentile ranking (NPR)…

Martin, Rick

2010-01-01

214

University of Oklahoma: Chemical, Biological, and Materials Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Oklahoma offers information on research in the areas of bioengineering, polymers science and engineering, environmental engineering, and energy studies. Examples include the Engineering Virtual Library and the Chemical Engineering Virtual Library, related government research labs, discipline-specific groupings of Chemical Engineering online resources, and selected corporate Web pages.

215

Precipitation and Streamflow Variability in Northwestern Oklahoma, 1894-2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper utilizes time-series analysis to examine precipitation and stream- flow variability in northwestern Oklahoma over the period 1894-2003. Trends and periodicities in the hydroclimatic variables were investigated using, respectively, Mann- Kendall test and continuous wavelet transform (CWT) methods. Statistically significant trends were found in annual precipitation at individual gauging stations but with no spatial coherence to suggest evidence of

Joseph T. Zume; Aondover Tarhule

2006-01-01

216

78 FR 36632 - Oklahoma Disaster Number OK-00071  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA-4117-DR), dated 05/20/ 2013. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes and Flooding. Incident Period: 05/18/2013 through 06/02/2013. Effective Date: 06/11/2013. Physical Loan...

2013-06-18

217

Keeping Them from Coming Back to Prison in Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only 16 percent of the graduates of the Nonviolent Intermediate Offender program at Lexington Training Center (Oklahoma) return to prison after release compared to 55 percent overall. Judges may reduce sentences of participants and make further training a condition of release. (JOW)

Dollar, Eugene M.

1988-01-01

218

Comparative analysis of wind energy production in Oklahoma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scope and method of study. In the last decades humanity has realized the necessity of developing alternative energy sources for its efficient economic development and simple survival in the future. During the last 30 years major improvements were made in renewable energy technologies and they started to become competitive with traditional energy sources (fossil fuels), especially with consideration of external costs. Among the renewable energy sources, wind energy is one of the cheapest and fastest growing nowadays. Oklahoma is a very promising site for wind energy development considering its excellent wind resources. Developing wind energy can allow not only electricity production for in-state consumption, but also exporting to other states. The development of wind energy could encourage economic growth with very few adverse impacts on the environment. However, traditional energy sources are still the cheapest and, thus, the introduction of the wind energy in Oklahoma should be critically analyzed from economic, ecological and social points of view. The goal of this study is to conduct analysis of wind energy electricity production in Oklahoma on the four main stages: (1) Investment Analysis from Private Perspective: Calculate present value net benefits for wind energy and traditional energy (natural gas), make sure that both of them are positive. (2) Investment Analysis from Social Perspective: Evaluate present value net private benefits (PVNPB) and present value net social benefit from both projects (PVNSB). (3) Government Subsidy Analysis: recognize the necessity of the subsidies and evaluate the amount of subsidies if any. (4) Investment Analysis from a Geographic Perspective: determine economic feasibility of wind power generation for 77 Oklahoma counties. Findings and conclusions. The final output of the study is the recommendations concerning wind energy development in Oklahoma with consideration of economic efficiency, ecological and social impacts. Study not only analyze possibilities for wind energy development in the state, but make recommendations on the county by county basis with consideration of wind power density, land cost, property tax and infrastructure development in each county.

Ermilova, Ekaterina Alexeevna

219

Diurnal cycle of the Oklahoma City urban heat island  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Between the dates of 28 June and 31 July 2003, the Joint Urban 2003 (JU2003) field project was conducted in Oklahoma City and was the largest urban dispersion experiment ever in North America. Because the focus of JU2003 was on atmospheric processes within the urban environment, an extremely dense network of instrumentation was deployed in and around the central business district (CBD) both prior to and during the field experiment. Among the variables collected were high-resolution observations of air temperature from various instrument sources. Additional observations of air temperature were also collected at Oklahoma Mesonet stations in the rural areas surrounding Oklahoma City. Using an index value, the diurnal cycle of the urban heat island (UHI) for Oklahoma City, with respect to the surrounding rural terrain, was quantified. The results revealed a consistent mean nocturnal UHI greater than 1.5°C at both 2 and 9 m. However, observations at 2 m during JU2003 revealed a significant urban "cool" island during the convective portion of the day. The mean variability of temperature within the urban core of Oklahoma City increased significantly after sunrise, increased to a maximum near solar noon, and decreased following sunset. These results were inconsistent with the rural observations wherein the variability among sites was maximized during the nocturnal period. Finally, the vertical temperature gradient between 2 and 9 m demonstrated a clear and strong diurnal trend at the rural locations, whereas observations from the urban environment were nearly isothermal and consistent with near-neutral conditions throughout JU2003.

Basara, Jeffrey B.; Hall, Peter K.; Schroeder, Amanda J.; Illston, Bradley G.; Nemunaitis, Kodi L.

2008-10-01

220

Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the Rush Springs Aquifer in western Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This diskette contains digitized aquifer boundaries and maps of hydraulic conductivity, recharge, and ground-water level elevation contours for the Rush Spring aquifer in western Oklahoma. This area encompasses all or part of Blaine, Caddo, Canadian, Comanche, Custer, Dewey, Grady, Stephens, and Washita Counties. These digital data sets were developed by Mark F. Becker to use as input into a computer model that simulated ground-water flow in the Rush Springs aquifer (Mark F. Becker, U.S. Geological Survey, written commun., 1997). For the purposes of modeling the ground-water flow in the Rush Springs aquifer, Mark F. Becker (written commun., 1997) defined the Rush Springs aquifer to include the Rush Springs Formation, alluvial and terrace deposits along major streams, and parts of the Marlow Formations, particularly in the eastern part of the aquifer boundary area. The Permian-age Rush Springs Formation consists of highly cross-bedded sandstone with some interbedded dolomite and gypsum. The Rush Springs Formation is overlain by Quaternary-age alluvial and terrace deposits that consist of unconsolidated clay, silt, sand, and gravel. The Rush Springs Formation is underlain by the Permian-age Marlow Formation that consists of interbedded sandstones, siltstones, mudstones, gypsum-anhydrite, and dolomite beds (Mark F. Becker, written commun., 1997). The parts of the Marlow Formation that have high permeability and porosity are where the Marlow Formation is included as part of the Rush Springs aquifer. The Rush Springs aquifer underlies about 2,400 square miles of western Oklahoma and is an important source of water for irrigation, livestock, industrial, municipal, and domestic use. Irrigation wells are reported to have well yields greater than 1,000 gallons per minute (Mark F. Becker, written commun., 1997). Mark F. Becker created some of the aquifer boundaries, hydraulic conductivity, and recharge data sets by digitizing parts of previously published surficial geology maps. The hydraulic conductivity and recharge values are the input data to the ground-water flow model (Mark F. Becker, written commun., 1997). The water-level elevation data set was prepared at a scale of 1:250,000 by Mark F. Becker (written commun., 1997) from water levels measured in wells prior to the year 1950. Ground-water flow models are numerical representations that simplify and aggregate natural systems. Models are not unique; different combinations of aquifer characteristics may produce similar results. Therefore, values of hydraulic conductivity and recharge used in the model and presented in this data set are not precise, but are within a reasonable range when compared to independently collected data.

Runkle, D. L.; Becker, M. F.; Rea, Alan

1997-01-01

221

Estimated flood peak discharges on Twin, Brock, and Lightning creeks, Southwest Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, May 8, 1993  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The flash flood in southwestern Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, May 8, 1993, was the result of an intense 3-hour rainfall on saturated ground or impervious surfaces. The total precipitation of 5.28 inches was close to the 3-hour, 100-year frequency and produced extensive flooding. The most serious flooding was on Twin, Brock, and Lightning Creeks. Four people died in this flood. Over 1,900 structures were damaged along the 3 creeks. There were about $3 million in damages to Oklahoma City public facilities, the majority of which were in the three basins. A study was conducted to determine the magnitude of the May 8, 1993, flood peak discharge in these three creeks in southwestern Oklahoma City and compare these peaks with published flood estimates. Flood peak-discharge estimates for these creeks were determined at 11 study sites using a step-backwater analysis to match the flood water-surface profiles defined by high-water marks. The unit discharges during peak runoff ranged from 881 cubic feet per second per square mile for Lightning Creek at SW 44th Street to 3,570 cubic feet per second per square mile for Brock Creek at SW 59th Street. The ratios of the 1993 flood peak discharges to the Federal Emergency Management Agency 100-year flood peak discharges ranged from 1.25 to 3.29. The water-surface elevations ranged from 0.2 foot to 5.9 feet above the Federal Emergency Management Agency 500-year flood water-surface elevations. The very large flood peaks in these 3 small urban basins were the result of very intense rainfall in a short period of time, close to 100 percent runoff due to ground surfaces being essentially impervious, and the city streets acting as efficient conveyances to the main channels. The unit discharges compare in magnitude to other extraordinary Oklahoma urban floods.

Tortorelli, R. L.

1996-01-01

222

Processes of Hydrometeor Development in Oklahoma Convective Clouds.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study employs in situ measurements to examine cloud conditions in which hydrometeors develop in mature Oklahoma convective clouds and to develop hypotheses as to how they formed. The measurements were made from penetrations on six days using a T-28 aircraft. Values of the maximum vertical velocity W in cells ranged from 5 to 35 m s1, and the liquid water content (LWC) up to 6 gmminus;3;LWCs are usually less than adiabatic. Drops are found primarily in strong updrafts at T/>8°c. Graupel are present in low concentrations in the strong updrafts and in moderate concentrations in the weak to intermediate updrafts. Planar and needle ice crystals and aggregates are present in copious concentrations in regions of low LWC and W. Strong evidence exists for production of secondary ice crystals (SICS) through a Hallett and Mossop type of mechanism involving cloud droplets >24m in diameter.Particle growth calculations are used in conjunction with the measurements to infer the processes of formation of drops, graupel and hail, and secondary ice crystals. Most drops of diameters <500m found at temperatures below 0°C are inferred to form through coalescence growth and most of diameters >500m through shedding from growing and/or melting graupel and hail. Embryos of hailstones are found to develop to 1 cm in diameter most rapidly from millimetric size drops produced from shedding and from aggregates of planar ice-crystals. Most growth of particles to 1 cm hailstones occurs in the regions of intermediate values of LWC (1-2 gm3) and W (5-15 m sminus;1) at temperatures higher than 20°C. In these regions, moderate concentrations of ice particles can develop over appreciable periods and depletion of the liquid water content due to collection by ice particles is minimal. The regions of high LWC and W are found to be the least conducive to SIC production. Initially, most SICs come from riming of aggregates in clouds which develop embedded within cloud layers and from frozen drops in clouds which develop in isolation. The SICs themselves are found to produce abundant SICs in regions of low LWC and W. Secondary ice crystal production is found to be more copious in embedded than in isolated clouds.

Heymsfield, Andrew J.; Hjelmfelt, Mark R.

1984-10-01

223

Identification and Evaluation of Fluvial-Dominated Deltaic (Class 1 Oil) Reservoirs in Oklahoma: Yearly technical progress report for January 1-December 31, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The Oklahoma Geological Survey (OGS), the Geo Information Systems department, and the School of Petroleum and Geological Engineering at the University of Oklahoma are engaged in a five-year program to identify and address Oklahoma`s oil recovery opportunities in fluvial-dominated deltaic (FDD) reservoirs. This program includes a systematic and comprehensive collection and evaluation of information on all FDD oil reservoirs in Oklahoma and the recovery technologies that have been (or could be) applied to those reservoirs with commercial success. During 1996, three highly successful FDD workshops involving 6 producing formations (4 plays) were completed: (1) Layton and Osage-Layton April 17 (2) Prue and Skinner June 19 and 26 (3) Cleveland October 17 (4) Peru October 17 (combined with Cleveland play). Each play was presented individually using the adopted protocol of stratigraphic interpretations, a regional overview, and two or more detailed field studies. The project goal was to have one field study from each play selected for waterflood simulation in order to demonstrate enhanced recovery technologies that can be used to recovery secondary oil. In this effort, software utilized for reservoir simulation included Eclipse and Boast 111. In some cases, because of poor production records and inadequate geologic data, field studies completed in some plays were not suitable for modeling. All of the workshops included regional sandstone trend analysis, updated field boundary identification, a detailed bibliography and author reference map, and detailed field studies. Discussion of general FDD depositional concepts was also given. In addition to the main workshop agenda, the workshops provided computer mapping demonstrations and rock cores with lithologic and facies interpretations. In addition to the workshops, other elements of FDD program were improved during 1996. Most significant was the refinement of NRIS MAPS - a user-friendly computer program designed to access NRIS data and interface with mapping software such as Arc View in order to produce various types of information maps. Most commonly used are well base maps for field studies, lease production maps, and regional maps showing well production codes, formation show codes, well spud dates, and well status codes. These regional maps are valuable in identifying areas of by-passed oil production, field trends, and time periods of development for the various FDD plays in Oklahoma. Besides maps, NRIS MAPS provides data in table format which can be used to generate production decline curves and estimates of cumulative hydrocarbon production for leases and fields. Additionally, many computer-related services were provided by support staff concerning technical training, private consultation, computer mapping, and data acquisition.

Banken, M.K.; Andrews, R.

1997-11-17

224

Water Flow in the High Plains Aquifer in Northwestern Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The High Plains is a major agricultural area, supported primarily by water from the High Plains aquifer, which is used to irrigate wheat and corn and to raise cattle and swine. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Oklahoma Water Resources Board (OWRB) began a study of the High Plains aquifer in 1996. One purpose of the study was to develop a ground-water flow model that the OWRB could use to allocate the amount of water withdrawn from the a aquifer. The study area in Oklahoma covers all or parts of Beaver, Cimarron, Dewey, Ellis, Harper, Texas, and Woodward Counties. To provide appropriate hydrologic boundaries for the ground-water flow model, the study area was expanded to include parts of Colorado, Kansas, New Mexico, and Texas.

Luckey, Richard R.; Osborn, Noel I.; Becker, Mark F.; Andrews, William J.

2000-01-01

225

Assessing carbon and nitrogen stocks of no-till systems in Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intensive tillage during the last century has greatly reduced organic carbon contents of Oklahoma cropland. Increased public interest in carbon sequestration and the potential for carbon storage in no-till soils to offset CO2 emissions has brought about the need for accurate estimates of carbon sequestration in Oklahoma. Eight locations across Oklahoma were soil sampled to determine the impact of no-till

Silvano L. Abreu; Chad B. Godsey; Jeffrey T. Edwards; Jason G. Warren

226

Source of shallow Simpson Group Oil in Murray County, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oils produced from the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician) in three shallow fields located north of the Arbuckle Mountains in Murray County, Oklahoma, have widely differing compositions: SW Sandy Creek, 28.9° API, 0.57% sulfur; Davis NE, 25.9° API, 0.72% sulfur; Sulfur NW, 16.4° API, 1.44% sulfur. From gas chromatography and biomarker analysis, they determined that the oils were derived from the

I. Zemmels; D. M. Tappmeyer; C. C. Walters

1987-01-01

227

Hydrology of the Arbuckle Mountains area, south-central Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Rocks that make up the Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer crop out over ~500 mi2 in the Arbuckle Mountains province in south-central Oklahoma. The aquifer consists of limestone, dolomite, and sandstone of the Arbuckle and Simpson Groups of Late Cambrian to Middle Ordovician age and is about 5,000-9,000 ft thick. The rocks were subjected to intensive folding and faulting associated with major uplift of the area during Early to Late Pennsylvanian time.

Fairchild, Roy W.; Hanson, Ronald L.; Davis, Robert E.

1990-01-01

228

Persian leopard (Panthera pardus) attack in Oklahoma: case report.  

PubMed

The authors report a fatal case of a Persian leopard (Panthera pardus) attack in an animal sanctuary in Oklahoma. The victim was a 53-year-old Costa Rican woman who was attempting to feed the animal when she was attacked and killed. Autopsy, radiography, fingerprint analysis, microbiologic cultures, and dental impressions were used to evaluate the case. These simple techniques can be applied to similar cases involving wild and domestic animal attacks. PMID:10990290

Vogel, J S; Parker, J R; Jordan, F B; Coury, T L; Vernino, A R

2000-09-01

229

Antimicrobial Susceptibilities of Bacteria from Nursing Home Residents in Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

In vitro antimicrobial susceptibilities for 2,832 isolates from nursing home patients in Oklahoma (1992) were compiled retrospectively. An appreciable proportion of antimicrobial resistance was detected for ampicillin, sulfamethoxazole-trimetho-prim and ciprofloxacin among gram-negative bacilli. Of 301 Staphylococcus aureus isolates tested, 70% were resistant to methicillin and 72% resistant to ciprofloxacin. Vancomycin resistance occurred in 22% of Enterococcus faecium isolates. These findings

D. J. Flournoy

1994-01-01

230

Variable seismic response to fluid injection in central Oklahoma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seismicity in Oklahoma since 2009 has been concentrated in the central portion of the state, in the areas of Jones, Prague, and Luther. These three regions account for ~75% of earthquakes in the 2009-2013 Oklahoma Geological Survey catalog. A swarm in the Jones region began in late 2008, with a maximum magnitude of 4.0, and activity continuing to the present. After relocation, the initially diffuse earthquakes in the Jones swarm delineate multiple subparallel faults. The Wilzetta fault zone ruptured in the Prague region in 2010 and again in 2011, with magnitudes up to Mw5.7, and the Luther region experienced two earthquakes of M4.4 and M4.2, with related aftershocks, in 2013. The earthquakes near Prague have previously been linked to wastewater disposal; here we show that the earthquakes near Jones and Luther may also be induced by deep disposal based on the upsurge in seismicity in central Oklahoma coupled with local relationships to pumping and reservoir structure. The timing of each sequence with respect to injection and the distribution of seismic activity differs, highlighting the variability in seismic response to fluid injection related to local permeability structure.

Keranen, K. M.; Hogan, C.; Savage, H. M.; Abers, G. A.; van der Elst, N.

2013-12-01

231

Pennsylvanian foreland deformation of Wichita uplift, southwest Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Pennsylvanian foreland deformation associated with the Ouachita orogene reactivated a west-northwest-east-southeast Cambrian basement trend, the southern Oklahoma aulacogen, to form the Wichita uplift, southwest Oklahoma. The 30-km-wide subsurface Frontal fault zone separates the uplift from the Anadarko basin to the north. Horizontal shortening across this fault zone is estimated at 7-15 km (20-40%), vertical displacement totals 9-10 km from the uplift to the basin. Folds are mapped on an interformational scale within the Frontal fault zone, and on an intraformational scale (Cambro-Ordovician Arbuckle Group) in the Slick Hills, southwest Oklahoma. Additional shortening occurred along southwest dipping mountain flank thrusts and on bedding plane thrusts, respectively. Hanging wall blocks of major faults contain the shallow dipping limb and anticlinal hinge zone of the interformational scale folds. Oil and gas production is generally restricted to these anticlinal crests within Paleozoic rocks. Deep wells (> 6000 m) that have penetrated footwall imbricates of the mountain flank thrusts have drilled through steep-overturned beds and tight recumbent folds before passing through faults into a normal stratigraphic sequence. Basement thrust loading of the southern margin of the Anadarko basin controlled the trend (west-northwest-east-southeast) of the axis of maximum deposition within the basin during the Pennsylvanian.

McConnell, D.

1986-05-01

232

Red Fork sandstone of Oklahoma: depositional history and reservoir distribution  

SciTech Connect

The Middle Pennsylvanian Red Fork sandstone formed as a result of progradation across eastern Kansas and most of Oklahoma. The Red Fork is one of several transgressive-regressive sequences (cyclothems) developed within the Desmoinesian Cherokee Group. Sea level changes, together with varying subsidence, were dominant factors controlling the general stratigraphic (correlative) characteristics of the Red Fork interval. Progradation was episodic, with sand deposition in the more active part of the basin during lower sea level stands and valley-fill deposition in the more stable areas during sea level rises. A map of Red Fork sand trends reveals an alluvial-deltaic complex covering most of Oklahoma. The Red Fork consists primarily of alluvial-valley and plain (fluvial) bodies in the northernmost part of northeastern Oklahoma, alluvial-deltaic bodies in most of the remaining parts of the shelf area, and off-shelf submarine-fan and slope basinal-floor complexes within the deeper part of the Anadarko basin. Determination of reservoir trend and genesis requires integration of rock and log data. Logs need to be calibrated to cores in order to estimate depositional environments accurately and to make a reasonable assessment of diagenetic overprints. Much of the oil and gas has been trapped in stratigraphic traps, and a significant amount of oil is in channel sandstones with trends at high angles to the structural grain. In some areas, secondary clay, in particular chloritic clay, has resulted in microporosity, high water saturation, and correspondingly low resistivities in oil reserves.

Shelton, J.W.; Fritz, R.D.; Johnson, C.

1989-03-01

233

Arbuckle group depositional cycles, southern Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outcrop and\\/or subsurface core studies of Butterly Dolomite, Cool Creek, Kindblade, and West Spring Creek formations reveal most of the Arbuckle Group to have been deposited as a series of storm-dominated, shallowing-upward sequences. They were deposited upon an extremely broad, nearly flat carbonate ramp that formed the southern margin of the North American craton (Knox, Arbuckle, Ellenburger, and El Paso

R. F. Lindsay; K. M. Koskelin

1990-01-01

234

Carter-Knox Gas Field, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Carter-Knox gas field is in the SE. end of the Anadarko Basin. It produces oil with associated gas from rocks of the Permian system, and from the Hoxbar, Deese, and Springer groups. A significant gas reserve was discovered in 1956 by deeper drilling which first tested the pre-Pennsylvanian formations. Gas-condensate production is from the Simpson group, and the Bromide

Reedy

1968-01-01

235

Feasibility Assessment for Implementing a Geologic Solution for Arsenic Mitigation in Small Public Water Systems in Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2003 the Ground Water Protection Council (GWPC), in collaboration with the Association of Central Oklahoma Governments (ACOG), and the cities of Edmond, Nichols Hills and Piedmont, Oklahoma completed a project to investigate the geological and geochemi...

2009-01-01

236

Subsidence and thermal history of Southern Oklahoma aulacogen: implications for petroleum exploration  

SciTech Connect

Reconstructed subsidence curves and the thermal history of the Southern Oklahoma aulacogen support the concept of thermally controlled isostatic subsidence for the formation of the basin and indicate the significance of this concept for petroleum exploration. Two mechanisms - initial elastic flexure, followed by detachment and differential subsidence of the aulacogen - are inferred from the subsidence curves. Two methods have been used for reconstruction of the thermal history. A tectonophysics model in combination with a history of basin evolution demonstrates that geothermal gradient and depth-of-burial were dynamic variables during the subsidence stage; maximum paleotemperatures were attained during Sylvan (Late Ordovician) time near the close of subsidence; and most of the Arbuckle Group had been subjected to the temperature conditions of oil formation (the oil liquid window) prior to the possible phase of fluid migration in Sylvan time. The second method, involving reconstruction of the geothermal history on the basis of geothermometry (palynomorph carbonization), suggests: (1) paleotemperatures exerted a significant effect on the level of organic metamorphism in the sedimentary rocks; (2) the geothermal gradient varied during the subsidence stage; (3) paleotemperatures were higher than those predicted by the theoretical model and support the hypothesis of formation of the basin by thermally controlled subsidence, and the application of this concept for petroleum exploration.

Feinstein, S.

1981-12-01

237

Paleokarstic phenomena of the Lower Ordovician red bed sequences of the Arbuckle group, southern Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Oil and gas production has been reported recently from paleokarstic Arbuckle reservoirs in the Ardmore and Arkoma basin. The West Spring Creek and the Kindblade formations apparently exhibit karstic features. The most extensive surface exposure of these formations is on the southern flank of the Arbuckle anticline along Interstate 35 north of Ardmore, Oklahoma. The lithology is predominantly limestone, ranging from argillaceous mudstone to oolitic and/or bioclastic grainstones. However, minor amounts of sandstone were also observed.These lithologies are characteristic of various peritidal facies. Of particular interest in this outcrop are three distinct red bed zones. Although the zones are part of the repetitive shallowing-upward cycles that characterize the West Spring Creek Formation, ample evidence suggests the red beds represent subaerial exposure surfaces where karstification took place. Many of the thin bedded, rubbly mudstones and wackestones actually represent varieties of breccia commonly associated with karst. Collapse and crackle breccia are most commonly observed. Small solution channels and other vugs are usually completely occluded by calcite cement. However, solution cavities or vugs with diameters larger than 10 cm (3.9 in.) are lined with drusy calcite. Hematite-impregnated sediment occurs as thinly laminated infilling of solution vugs and cavities and also acts as a cementing agent of collapse breccias. Preliminary evidence suggests that karstification processes were active during Arbuckle deposition.

Musselman, J.L. (Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater (United States))

1991-06-01

238

Bedded cherts in the Early Ordovician Arbuckle Group of southwestern Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Bedded cherts are a rarely occurring but environmentally significant facies in the Early Ordovician Arbuckle Group. Two such units have been identified: one in the Cool Creek Formation and one in the Kindblade Formation. In each, microcrystalline calcite and dolomite alternate in thin laminae with microcrystalline silica in units up to 25 cm in thickness. The areal extent of the bedded cherts encompasses more than 130 km{sup 2}. It is hypothesized that the interlaminated cherts and micrites were deposited in very shallow marine conditions. A relatively small part of the Oklahoma Aulacogen was cut off from open ocean circulation, resulting in an isolated lagoon. The chert/micrite couplets may represent seasonal deposits in the lagoon. During seasonal flooding, slightly deeper water resulted in algal growth with accompanying precipitation of carbonates and solution of detrital quartz sand. During the dry season, the dissolved silica precipitated, resulting in thin layers of microcrystalline chart. Some carbonate layers contain small pseudomorphs after what may have been gypsum and anhydrite crystals and nodules, indicating that salinities increased enough to permit formation of evaporites. At least ten couplets occur in the thickest units, suggesting that the lagoon existed for ten wet-dry seasons.

Donovan, R.N. (Texas Christian Univ., Forth Worth (United States)); Ragland, D.A.

1991-03-01

239

Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the Enid isolated terrace aquifer in northwestern Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

ARC/INFO export and nonproprietary format files The data sets in this report include digitized aquifer boundaries and maps of hydraulic conductivity, recharge, and ground-water level elevation contours for the Enid isolated terrace aquifer in northwestern Oklahoma. The Enid isolated terrace aquifer covers approximately 82 square miles and supplies water for irrigation, domestic, municipal, and industrial use for the City of Enid and western Garfield County. The Quaternary-age Enid isolated terrace aquifer is composed of terrace deposits that consist of discontinuous layers of clay, sandy clay, sand, and gravel. The aquifer is unconfined and is bounded by the underlying Permian-age Hennessey Group on the east and the Cedar Hills Sandstone Formation of the Permian-age El Reno Group on the west. The Cedar Hills Sandstone Formation fills a channel beneath the thickest section of the Enid isolated terrace aquifer in the midwestern part of the aquifer. All of the data sets were digitized and created from information and maps in a ground-water modeling thesis and report of the Enid isolated terrace aquifer. The maps digitized were published at a scale of 1:62,500. Ground-water flow models are numerical representations that simplify and aggregate natural systems. Models are not unique; different combinations of aquifer characteristics may produce similar results. Therefore, values of hydraulic conductivity and recharge used in the model and presented in this data set are not precise, but are within a reasonable range when compared to independently collected data.

Becker, C. J. Runkle, D. L.; Rea, Alan

1997-01-01

240

76 FR 25322 - Oklahoma Rose Water LLC; Notice of Preliminary Permit Application Accepted for Filing and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...13854-000] Oklahoma Rose Water LLC; Notice of Preliminary...September 30, 2010, Oklahoma Rose Water LLC filed an application, pursuant...otherwise enter upon lands or waters owned by others without the...125-foot-high, 1,700-foot-long earth embankment dam; (2) a...

2011-05-04

241

75 FR 9895 - Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Oklahoma  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Notice is hereby given that the State of Oklahoma is revising its approved Public Water System Supervision Program adopting new regulations for the Lead and Copper Rule (LCR) Short-Term Regulatory Revisions and Clarifications, promulgated and published in the Federal Register at 72 FR 57782 on October 10, 2007. Oklahoma has adopted the LCR Short-Term Regulatory Revisions and Clarifications to......

2010-03-04

242

A study of the Oklahoma City urban heat island using ground measurements and remote sensing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of temperature and position were collected during the night from an instrumented van on routes through Oklahoma City and the rural outskirts. The measurements were taken as part of the Joint URBAN 2003 Tracer Field Experiment conducted in Oklahoma City from June 29, 2003 to July 30, 2003 (Allwine et al., 2004). The instrumented van was driven over four

Michael J. Brown; Austin Ivey; Timothy N. McPherson; David Boswell; Eric R. Pardyjak

2004-01-01

243

Preliminary study of the favorability for uranium in northeastern Oklahoma and southeastern Kansas  

Microsoft Academic Search

A preliminary study was conducted to assess the uranium favorability of northeastern Oklahoma and southeastern Kansas, an area underlain by a stratigraphic sequence that ranges in age from Precambrian to Late Pennsylvanian. The major structural features are the Nemaha anticline, the Ozark uplift, and the Cherokee basin. Water samples analyzed by the Oklahoma State Department of Occupational and Radiological Health

L. D. Brogdon; R. C. Pilcher

1977-01-01

244

A Program of Education for Exceptional Children in Oklahoma: Bulletin S.E. No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for special education personnel, the handbook sets forth the Oklahoma state program for the education of handicapped, gifted, and talented children. Aspects covered include the number of special needs students in Oklahoma, state laws pertaining to the education of exceptional children, state department of education regulations, mediation…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City. Curriculum Div.

245

The Oklahoma's Promise Program: A National Model to Promote College Persistence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a multi-method approach involving fixed effects and logistic regressions, this study examined the effect of the Oklahoma's Promise Program on student persistence in relation to the Pell and Stafford federal programs and according to socio-economic characteristics and class level. The Oklahoma's Promise is a hybrid state program that pays…

Mendoza, Pilar; Mendez, Jesse P.

2013-01-01

246

76 FR 31622 - Oklahoma; Amendment No. 2 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001; Internal Agency Docket No. FEMA-1970-DR] Oklahoma; Amendment No. 2 to Notice of a Major Disaster...major disaster declaration for the State of Oklahoma (FEMA-1970-DR), dated April 22, 2011, and related...

2011-06-01

247

33 CFR 208.28 - Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma. 208.28 Section 208...28 Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma. The Bureau of Reclamation...flows in excess of bankfull on the Washita River downstream of the reservoir. In...

2010-07-01

248

33 CFR 208.28 - Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma. 208.28 Section 208...28 Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma. The Bureau of Reclamation...flows in excess of bankfull on the Washita River downstream of the reservoir. In...

2011-07-01

249

33 CFR 208.28 - Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma. 208.28 Section 208...28 Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma. The Bureau of Reclamation...flows in excess of bankfull on the Washita River downstream of the reservoir. In...

2012-07-01

250

Building Transitions from High School to College and Careers for Oklahoma's Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report organizes information from the forum in terms of how Oklahoma fares in building students' transitions, what challenges it faces in improving transitions and what actions it can take to improve students' high school to college and career transitions. On February 17, 2006, 33 Oklahoma state educational and policy leaders participated in…

Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2006

2006-01-01

251

76 FR 50753 - Notice of Invitation To Participate; Coal Exploration License Application OKNM 126630, Oklahoma  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OKNM 126630) are available for review from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday: BLM New Mexico State Office, 301 Dinosaur Trail, Santa Fe, New Mexico; and BLM, Oklahoma Field Office, 7906 East 33rd Street Suite 101, Tulsa, Oklahoma....

2011-08-16

252

Building a Learning City: Developing School and Community Coalitions in Oklahoma City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study focuses on a district and community relations plan developed in Oklahoma City Public Schools. This article provides a description of the proposal regarding MAPS for KIDS (Metropolitan Area Projects for Keep Improving District Schools) in Oklahoma City from 1998 through November 2001, and it explores the coalitions that…

Garn, Gregg

2005-01-01

253

Never Again Would We Be the Same: The Oklahoma City Bombing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A high school principal describes the day of the terrorist attack on the federal building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. After meeting with assistant principals and the school nurse to make plans for dealing with possible repercussions, he told students what had happened, monitored TV broadcasts, evacuated the building during bomb scares, and…

Mathers, Kent

1996-01-01

254

75 FR 68755 - Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the Oklahoma Advisory Committee  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the Oklahoma Advisory Committee Notice is hereby given...FACA), that a planning meeting of the Oklahoma Advisory Committee to the Commission will...400 State Avenue, Suite 908, Kansas City, Kansas 66101. Comments may be...

2010-11-09

255

Equal Educational Opportunity for Hispanic Students in the Oklahoma City Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report results from a community forum on educational equity in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, at which knowledgeable persons and school district personnel provided their perspectives on issues related to educational equity. Data from this forum reveal a serious problem in the large numbers of student suspensions at both the elementary and secondary…

Hernandez, Ascension

256

ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THE ARTS ON THE OKLAHOMA CITY AREA ECONOMY FOR 1978  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the type and magnitude of economic impacts on the Oklahoma City economy by 34 arts agencies, organizations, festivals, shows, programs, and other events. The direct and secondary impacts on the Oklahoma City economy in terms of spending and employment were significant. Further analysis indicated that the industry was in need of state,

James V. Pinto

1980-01-01

257

In situ Stress Analysis of Wellbore Breakouts from Oklahoma and the Texas Panhandle.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Orientations of crustal stresses are inferred from stress-induced breakouts (wellbore enlargements) in the eastern part of the Anadarko basin in central Oklahoma, the Marietta basin in south-central Oklahoma, and the Bravo dome area of the central Texas P...

R. L. Dart

1990-01-01

258

Ooh La La! Oklahoma Culinary Programs Cook up Great Partnerships with French Counterparts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dream of a Franco-Oklahoma partnership began over a year ago when Chantal Manes, now from the French Ministry of Education, visited Oklahoma. The Technologie Academie in Soissons, France, had a goal for all the career and technical students in the Picardie Region of France to have an international experience before completing their technical…

McCharen, Belinda

2009-01-01

259

75 FR 72695 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Oklahoma; State Implementation Plan Revisions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...nitrogen oxides (NO X ) as an ozone precursor in Oklahoma's PSD SIP for purposes...approving address NO X as an ozone precursor in Oklahoma's PSD SIP for purposes...that do not address NO X as an ozone precursor. More information on the SIP...

2010-11-26

260

33 CFR 208.28 - Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma. 208.28 Section 208...28 Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma. The Bureau of Reclamation...flows in excess of bankfull on the Washita River downstream of the reservoir. In...

2013-07-01

261

Oklahoma School Finance: A Study with Recommendations. Final Report, Special Joint Committee on School Finance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The funding of public elementary and secondary schools in Oklahoma is examined in this report. In accordance with legislative requirements, a Special Joint Committee of the Oklahoma Legislature undertook an assessment of the current school finance formula for state aid and made recommendations on changes needed to provide equitable funding for…

Oklahoma State Legislature, Oklahoma City.

262

Seismicity of the salt areas of Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Kansas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a seismicity study of the salt deposit areas of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana are presented. The study was conducted using some of the short-period seismic data recorded on film at the Wichita Mountain Observatory (WMSO), located in southern Oklahoma, during the years 1961 through 1968. Only data recorded on Sundays were analyzed to minimize the confusion

D. Racine; P. Klouda

1980-01-01

263

Evaluation of water resources for enhanced oil recovery operations, Cement Field, Caddo and Grady Counties, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is based on the results of an investigation of the water resources local to the Cement Oil Field in Caddo and Grady Counties, southwestern, Oklahoma. The intent of the report is to present at least a semi-quantitative estimate of the volume, deliverability, and chemistry of the water potentially available for enhanced oil recovery in one or more Oklahoma

D. A. Preston; W. E. Harrison; K. V. Luza; L. Prater; R. J. Reddy

1982-01-01

264

Sensory, Health and Quality Evaluation of Two Blackberry (Rubus subgenus Rubus) Cultivars from Arkansas and Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Berries from two thornless, erect, blackberry (Rubus subgenus Rubus) cultivars, Apache and Ouachita were harvested in summer 2008 from the University of Arkansas Fruit Research Substation in Clarksville, Arkansas and a commercial berry farm in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma. Berries were frozen immediately after harvest for future analysis at Oklahoma State University (OSU), z Total Phenolic, Flavonoid and Anthocyanin Content (mg\\/100gBB)

Richelle A. Stafne; William G. McGlynn; Eric T. Stafne; Edralin A. Lucas; John R. Clark

265

Comparison of ground-water quality in samples from selected shallow and deep wells in the central Oklahoma aquifer, 2003-2005  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The aquifer units of the Central Oklahoma aquifer underlie about 2,890 square miles of central Oklahoma and are used extensively to supply water for municipal, domestic, industrial, and agricultural needs. The Central Oklahoma aquifer also is commonly referred to as the Garber-Wellington aquifer because the Garber Sandstone and Wellington Formation yield the greatest quantities of usable water for domestic and high-capacity wells. The major water-quality concerns for the Central Oklahoma aquifer described by the U.S. Geological Survey National Water Quality Assessment Program (1987 to 1992) were elevated concentrations of nitrate nitrogen in shallow water and the occurrence of arsenic, chromium, and selenium in parts of the aquifer. The quality of water from deep public-water supply wells in the Central Oklahoma aquifer is monitored by the State of Oklahoma. The chemical quality of water from shallow domestic wells is not monitored, and, therefore, there is a concern that well owners may be unknowingly ingesting water with nitrate nitrogen, arsenic, chromium, selenium, and other chemical constituents at concentrations that are considered harmful. As a result of this concern, the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality and the U.S. Geological Survey collaborated on a study to sample water during June 2003 through August 2005 from 23 shallow wells (less than 200 feet in depth) and 28 deep wells (200 feet or greater in depth) completed in the bedrock aquifer units of the Central Oklahoma aquifer. The objectives of the study were to describe the chemical quality of water from shallow and deep wells and to determine if the differences in constituent concentrations are statistically significant. Water from shallow wells had significantly higher concentrations of calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate, sulfate, chloride, and nitrate nitrogen than water from deep wells. There were no significant differences between concentrations of dissolved solids, sodium, and fluoride in water from shallow and deep wells. Water from 9 shallow wells had nitrate nitrogen concentrations greater than 2 milligrams per liter, suggesting nitrogen sources at land surface have had an effect on water from these wells. Water from three shallow wells (13 percent) exceeded the nitrate nitrogen maximum contaminant level of 10 milligrams per liter in drinking water. Water from shallow wells had significantly lower concentrations of arsenic, chromium, iron, and selenium than water from deep wells, whereas, concentrations of barium, copper, manganese, and zinc were similar. Water-quality data indicate that arsenic frequently occurs in shallow ground water from the Central Oklahoma aquifer, but at low concentrations (<10 micrograms per liter). The occurrence of chromium and selenium in water from shallow wells was infrequent and at low concentrations in this study. It does not appear that the quality of water from a shallow well can be predicted based on the quality of water from a nearby deep well. The results show that in general terms, shallow ground water has significantly higher concentrations of most major ions and significantly lower concentrations of arsenic, chromium, and selenium than water from deep wells.

Carol J. Becker

2006-01-01

266

Did fertility go up after the oklahoma city bombing? An analysis of births in metropolitan counties in Oklahoma, 1990–1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political and sociocultural events (e.g., Brown v. Board of Education in 1954 and the German reunification in 1989) and natural disasters (e.g., Hurricane Hugo in 1989) can affect fertility.\\u000a In our research, we addressed the question of whether the Oklahoma City bombing in April 1995, a man-made disaster, influenced\\u000a fertility patterns in Oklahoma. We defined three theoretical orientations—replacement theory, community

Joseph Lee Rodgers; Craig A. St. John; Ronnie Coleman

2005-01-01

267

Assessment of non-hazardous industrial waste codisposal in Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

This study addresses the issues associated with the codisposal of the diverse non-hazardous industrial wastes (NHIWs) in Oklahoma's municipal sanitary waste landfills (MSWLs). One aspect of the study focused on the selection of a representative cross section of NHIWs, typical of those wastes currently being codisposed in Oklahoma, and to characterize the representative waste streams based on all available physical and chemical data. Following the waste characterizations, a NHIW classification scheme was developed to distinguish amongst the potential risks posed by the different NHIWs if codisposed in municipal landfills. Another aspect of the study examined other state regulatory programs in an effort to determine the overall direction of NHIW codisposal regulations, nationwide. All state agencies were contacted and subsequently interviewed by telephone, followed by a request to send any pertinent literature and/or regulations. A synopsis of each state's general solid waste management practices were included, in addition to any specific details on NHIW regulations and/or handling procedures. The results of this specific survey indicated that a wide spectrum of NHIW regulations and procedures are being implemented nationwide. A final aspect of the study identified the best management and disposal options currently available for the NHIWs requiring codisposal. The basis for the pretreatment and/or disposal recommendations includes data obtained from both the waste characterization documentation and other state programs. Finally, the study made recommendations to the Oklahoma State Department of Health for the step-by-step development of comprehensive NHIW codisposal guidelines and recommendations, i.e., a major objective of this study.

Raleigh, L.H.

1991-01-01

268

Arbuckle group depositional cycles, southern Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Outcrop and/or subsurface core studies of Butterly Dolomite, Cool Creek, Kindblade, and West Spring Creek formations reveal most of the Arbuckle Group to have been deposited as a series of storm-dominated, shallowing-upward sequences. They were deposited upon an extremely broad, nearly flat carbonate ramp that formed the southern margin of the North American craton (Knox, Arbuckle, Ellenburger, and El Paso groups) in the Upper Cambrian and Lower Ordovician. Shallowing-upward sequences were deposited in a cyclic manner, with individual fifth-order cycles only a few feet to tens of feet thick. These cycles record abrupt transgressions, caused by quick sea level rise, followed by progradation of a paleoshoreline as sea level gradually fell. Each cycle is divided into subtidal and tidal-flat components. Subtidal and tidal-flat components can be of equal thickness or can be skewed with one component becoming dominant and the other subordinate. Only half of all cycles are complete shallowing-upward sequences. Once understood the vertical stacking of facies in a cycle is predictable so that complete vs. incomplete cycles can be easily recognized. These distinctions are very important to recognize because well-developed subtidal portions of a cycle can form reservoir intervals when dolomitized.

Lindsay, R.F. (Chevron Inc., Hobbs, NM (USA)); Koskelin, K.M. (Chevron Inc., Denver, CO (USA))

1990-05-01

269

Sulfide mineralization and magnetization, Cement oil field, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geochemical, petrographic, and rock-magnetic studies were undertaken to investigate possible sources for reported positive aeromagnetic anomalies over the Cement oil field, Oklahoma. Ferrimagnetic pyrrhotite (monoclinic, Fe7S8 ), intergrown with more-abundant, nonmagnetic pyrite (FeS2), is present in well-cutting, core, and quarry samples at Cement, and it is the only identified source of possible enhanced magnetization in rocks over the field. Magnetite, found only in well cuttings from Cement, is contamination from drilling. Magnetite was considered previously by others to be the source of magnetic anomalies at Cement.

Reynolds, Richard L.; Fishman, Neil S.; Webring, Michael W.; Wanty, Richard B.; Goldhaber, Martin B.

1989-01-01

270

Modeling Seismicity Rate Changes in Oklahoma and Arkansas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rate of M?3 earthquakes in the central and eastern US increased beginning in 2009, particularly in regions such as Oklahoma and central Arkansas where fluid injection has occurred (Ellsworth et al., SSA abs, 2012; Horton, SRL, 2012). We compare rate changes observed in Oklahoma, which had a low background seismicity rate before 2009, to rate changes observed in central Arkansas, which had swarms prior to the start of wastewater injection (Chiu et al., BSSA, 1984; Horton, SRL, 2012). In both cases, stochastic Epidemic-Type Aftershock Sequence (ETAS) models (Ogata, JASA, 1988) and statistical tests demonstrate that the background rate of independent events and the aftershock productivity must increase in 2009 in order to explain the observed increase in seismicity. Productivity is lower during the earlier tectonic swarms in Arkansas. The change in aftershock productivity may provide a way to distinguish manmade from natural earthquake rate changes and could provide insights into the physical mechanisms of induced seismicity. We fit the ETAS model, which is based on empirical aftershock scaling laws such as Omori's Law and the Gutenberg-Richter magnitude distribution, to a 1973-2011 USGS PDE catalog of M?3 Oklahoma earthquakes and a 1982-2012 ANSS catalog of M?2.2 Arkansas earthquakes. To determine whether a rate increase is due to a change in background seismicity rate, aftershock productivity, or some combination of the two, we do the following: 1) fit the model parameters to the data, 2) convert origin times to transformed times (Ogata, JGR, 1992), and 3) use Runs and autocorrelation function tests to test the null hypothesis that the transformed times are drawn from a Poisson distribution with constant rate (as expected when no external processes trigger earthquakes besides a constant tectonic loading rate). In both cases a single set of parameters cannot fit the entire time period, suggesting that significant changes in the underlying process occurred. The null hypothesis is rejected in both Oklahoma (p<0.001) and Arkansas (p=0.015). Then, given a change point in 2009 (Ellsworth et al., SSA abs, 2012; Horton, SRL, 2012), we estimate ETAS parameters for both time periods to determine which parameters must vary. Space-time models are unstable due to the low number of events and large location error in the earlier catalogs, but likelihood tests of the temporal models indicate the data are better fit when both background rate and productivity increase.

Llenos, A. L.; Michael, A. J.

2012-12-01

271

Oklahoma v. FERC: the waning of cooperative federalism  

SciTech Connect

Oklahoma v. FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission) is an important decision in the development of constitutional interpretations of the tenth amendment after the Supreme Court decision in National League of Cities v. Usery. Even though the legislative provisions of the Natural Gas Policy Act impinge upon state regulatory decision making to a greater degree than earlier environmental legislation, the federal interest in energy price regulation was held to justify the use of state administrative agencies to further federal goals. The extension of federal control over state regulatory machinery narrows the scope of state sovereignty as a limitation on the commerce power. 55 references.

Melton, T.M.

1983-01-01

272

BLACK FORK MOUNTAIN ROADLESS AREA, ARAKANSAS AND OKLAHOMA.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Black Fork Mountain Roadless Area covers about 21 sq mi in the Ouachita National Forest in Polk County, Arkansas and LeFlore County, Oklahoma. On the basis of a mineral survey the area has little promise for the occurrence of metallic mineral resources. Stone and sand and gravel suitable for construction purposes occur in the Jackfork Sandstone and the Stanley Shale which also occur outside the roadless area. Although the potential for gas and oil is unknown and no resource potential was identified, some investigators believe that there is a possibility for the occurrence of gas and oil in the roadless area.

Miller, Mary, H.

1984-01-01

273

Medical marijuana: the Will Foster case in Oklahoma.  

PubMed

Oklahoma prosecuted Will Foster in 1997 for growing marijuana in his basement to treat his severe rheumatoid arthritis. Although he had no criminal record, he was sentenced to 93 years in prison, 20 of which were for growing the marijuana in the presence of his own children, a charge he denies. Foster refused to plead guilty and accept a 12-year sentence, and instead demanded a jury trial. Since conviction, he has been moved to a Texas prison, was refused medications or minimal care for his arthritis, and the governor has rejected requests for clemency. PMID:11365004

James, J S

1998-01-23

274

After the bomb. Oklahoma City rescuers talk about their experiences.  

PubMed

Rather than trying to write a second-hand description of the response to the April 19 bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City, we thought we'd let some of the people who were there caring for patients and searching for victims share their experiences in their own words. Marion Angell Garza, JEMS editorial/news coordinator, spoke at length with six responders, including paramedics, the triage and treatment officer, a firefighter/EMT-1 and an emergency physician. The following excerpts are from those interviews. PMID:10143265

Robinson, M; Kernes, R; Lindsay, W; Webster, M

1995-06-01

275

Ground-water levels in observation wells in Oklahoma, 1975  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The objectives of the observation-well program are (1) to provide long-term records of water-level fluctuations in representative wells, (2) to facilitate the prediction of water-level trends and indicate the future availability of ground-water supplies, and (3) to provide information for use in basic research. These selected records serve as a framework to which other types of hydrologic data may be related. The stratigraphic nomenclature and age determinations used in this report are those accepted by the Oklahoma Geological Survey and do not necessarily agree with those of the U.S. Geological Survey.

Goemaat, Robert L.

1977-01-01

276

Oklahoma State University Department of Animal Science: Goats  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This great informational website from Oklahoma State University's Department of Animal Science is all about goats (_Capra hircus_). The site provides subpages with photos and information for many breeds of goats from Alpine to Zhongwei. Site visitors can search for specific goat breeds by clicking on a letter of the alphabet or by perusing an alphabetical list of goat breeds. Links are also provided to other breeds of livestock including cattle, horses, sheep, and swine. Additionally, visitors can link to information on livestock breeds by region, livestock research, and to the Virtual Livestock Library.

277

Dakota sandstone facies, western Oklahoma panhandle  

SciTech Connect

The Cretaceous Dakota Sandstone in Cimarron County comprised three sandstone units and intervening mudrocks; it overlies the Kiowa Shale Member of the Purgatoire Formation. Deposits include shoreface, beach (foreshore) and dune, estuarine and tidal channel, marine marginal bay and swamp/marsh in a generally progradational sequences associated with marine regression in the Western Interior. The shoreface sand, characterized by ripple lamination, bioturbation and the trace fossils Teichichnus and Thalassinoides, is fine-grained, 5-10 m (15-30 ft) thick and grades into the underlying Kiowa Shale. Beach and associated dune deposits are 2-5 m (6-16 ft) thick, medium to fine-grained, medium to thick-bedded, tabular-planar cross-bedded, and lenticular; cross-bed paleocurrent headings are northeasterly and northwesterly. Estuarine channel deposits are 3-5 m (10 to 16 ft) thick, trough to tabular-planar cross-bedded, and medium to coarse-grained with local conglomerate overlying the scoured base which commonly cuts into the Kiowa Shale or overlying shoreface sandstone; rip-up clasts and wood pieces are common but trace fossils are rare; southeasterly and southwesterly paleocurrents predominate. Tidal channel deposits are thinner (up to 2 m of 6 ft) and finer grained (medium to fine-grained) that the estuarine channel deposits; they occur within fine-grained sandstone and mudrock sequences, are trough cross-bedded, and commonly contain trace fossils (e.g., Skolithos) and wood fragments. Marine marginal (tidal flat or bay.) deposits comprise fine-grained sandstone, siltstone and interbedded shale, that are 1-3m (3-10 ft) thick with abundant burrows, small ripple marks, and parallel lamination. These grade into the fine to very fine-grained sandstones, siltstones, shales, and coals of the swamp/marsh deposits that are 1-5m (3-16 ft) thick and contain ripple marks, burrows, other trace fossils, and parallel lamination.

Atalik, E.; Mansfield, C.F.

1984-04-01

278

Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the alluvial and terrace deposits along the North Canadian River from Oklahoma City to Eufaula Lake in east-central Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

ARC/INFO export and nonproprietary format files This diskette contains digitized aquifer boundaries and maps of of hydraulic conductivity, recharge, and ground-water level elevation contours for the alluvial and terrace deposits along the North Canadian River from Oklahoma City to Eufaula Lake in east-central Oklahoma. Ground water in 710 square miles of Quaternary-age alluvial and terrace deposits along the North Canadian River is an important source of water for irrigation, industrial, municipal, stock, and domestic supplies. The aquifer, composed of alluvial and terrace deposits, consists of sand, silt, clay, and gravel. The aquifer is underlain and in hydraulic connection with the upper zone of the Permian-age Garber-Wellington aquifer and the Pennsylvanian-age Ada-Vamoosa aquifer. Most of the lines in the four digital data sets were digitized from a published ground-water modeling report but portions of the aquifer boundary data set was extracted from published digital geologic data sets. Ground-water flow models are numerical representations that simplify and aggregate natural systems. Models are not unique; different combinations of aquifer characteristics may produce similar results. Therefore, values of hydraulic conductivity and recharge used in the model and presented in this data set are not precise, but are within a reasonable range when compared to independently collected data.

Adams, G. P.; Runkle, Donna; Rea, Alan; Becker, C. J.

1997-01-01

279

Rapid Recharge of Parts of the High Plains Aquifer Indicated by a Reconnaissance Study in Oklahoma, 1999  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The High Plains aquifer underlies about 174,000 square miles in parts of eight states, including about 7,100 square miles in northwestern Oklahoma (fig. 1). This aquifer consists of the saturated part of the Ogallala Formation and saturated materials of Quaternary Age that are hydraulically connected to the Ogallala. The High Plains aquifer in northwestern Oklahoma is the primary source of water to an important agricultural region. Most water is withdrawn from the aquifer for irrigating wheat and other grain crops, with the remainder used for livestock (primarily cattle and swine), municipal, and domestic needs. Historically, water from precipitation was thought to take hundreds or thousands of years to reach the water table because the depth of the water table is greater than 100 feet over most of the aquifer and the low-permeability beds in the Ogallala would impede downward flow. It also was thought that land uses would take a similar period of time to affect water quality in the aquifer.

Andrews, William J.; Osborn, Noel I.; Luckey, Richard R.

2000-01-01

280

Epidemiology of homicide-suicide events: Oklahoma, 1994-2001.  

PubMed

In Oklahoma, all nonnatural deaths must be reported to the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (ME), whose trained investigators report cause of death using a centralized, statewide, standardized reporting system. The purpose of this study was to determine temporal trends of Oklahoma homicide-suicide events and characterize the epidemiology of these events. By reviewing all ME reports of homicides and suicides from 1994 through 2001, we identified 73 homicide-suicide events resulting in 73 suicides and 89 homicides. Suicidal perpetrators of homicide-suicide events were most often white men aged >or=30 years who killed a current or ex-spouse or intimate partner. Homicide victims tended to be younger women the same race as their killer. Firearms were the predominant method of death in both homicides and suicides, with handguns used most frequently. Divorce/estrangement was the main contributing factor to these events, and the most common relationship type was possessive. The existence of a statewide, centralized, and computerized ME system and the ability to access the detailed information in the ME narratives were critical to identifying homicide-suicide events and obtaining the type of detailed information necessary to fully investigate these events. PMID:16121077

Comstock, R Dawn; Mallonee, Sue; Kruger, Elizabeth; Rayno, Kim; Vance, April; Jordan, Fred

2005-09-01

281

Conodont biostratigraphy of lower Ordovician rocks, Arbuckle Group, southern Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The Arbuckle Group of southern Oklahoma displays the only complete exposure of the shallow-water carbonates that characterize the Lower Ordovician of interior North America. Trilobites have been described from some parts of this sequence and sporadic occurrences of other invertebrates are known, but much of the sequence is sparingly fossiliferous. As a consequence, these magnificent exposures have not contributed notably to continuing efforts toward development of a comprehensive biostratigraphic scheme for the Lower Ordovician of the North American platform. Samples collected at 25-ft intervals through the Arbuckle Group along and adjacent to Interstate Highway 35 on the south flank of the Arbuckle anticline near Ardmore, Oklahoma, produced conodonts in abundances ranging from a few tens to over a thousand elements per kilogram and displaying good to excellent preservation with low CAI. These conodonts document a biostratigraphic continuum that provides a standard for correlation of Lower Ordovician rocks in the subsurface of central US and of the many localized and incomplete outcrops of generally equivalent strata in the Ozark and Upper Mississippi Valley regions. The stratigraphic continuity of the collections makes the I-35 section an ideal standard reference section for graphic correlation of Lower Ordovician rocks containing conodonts of the Mid-Continent Province.

Dresbach, R.I.; Ethington, R.L. (Univ. of Missouri, Columbia (USA))

1989-08-01

282

Improved Estimates of Evapotranspiration at Oklahoma Mesonet Sites (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Southern Great Plains (SGP) of the United States is a region of dynamic weather and climate. In addition, the SGP region has demonstrated significant coupling between the land surface and atmospheric processes across varying spatial and temporal scales during the warm season. As such, mesocsale events including deep convection as well as regional drought and pluvial periods are impacted by land-atmosphere inter actions and gradients in the surface conditions. With the establishment of the Oklahoma Mesonet in 1994 and subsequent upgrades to the sensors deployed at the over 100 sites across the state, near real-time, collocated observations of soil and atmospheric variables have been collected, quality assured, and archived. At the same time additional observing systems and field campaigns have increased the breadth of the information gathered on soil, vegetation, and atmospheric processes across the SGP region. Such datasets have led (a) to numerous studies that have increased the understanding of how land-atmosphere interactions impact the local weather and climate of the SGP region and (b) new techniques to link in situ observations with remote sensing to provide improved understanding of surface-atmosphere exchange. Most recently, Oklahoma Mesonet soil and atmospheric observations have been combined with near real-time land surface conditions via MODIS remotely sensed data to improve estimates of evapotranspiration at local and regional scales, understand the dynamics of flash drought, and address the water budget of the region.

Basara, J. B.; Illston, B. G.

2013-12-01

283

Image crustal structure of eastern Oklahoma City with TOMODD  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There has been a dramatic increase in earthquake activity in Oklahoma since 2009. This dramatic increase was also matched by a marked increase in the number of operating seismic stations within the region. The additional stations include the Earthscope Transportable Arrays and temporary stations provided by the U. S. Geological Survey. The additional seismic stations and earthquakes provide the ability to do local travel time tomography of the crust within the region. For this study we are focusing on the area near the Jones earthquake swarm, that occurred just east of Oklahoma City, and the M5.6, November 2011 Prague earthquake. Major structures are already known in the area, but little is known about crustal structure below the top of the Precambrian basement. We used regionally available and temporary seismic stations along with more than 2000 earthquakes within the region to develop a 3D tomographic model of the crust using TOMODD. The major structures within the area are the Nemaha Ridge, Wilzetta Fault, and Seminole Uplift, and they and other structures as well are expressed within the tomographic model. We are working on determining the resolution and interpretation of the tomographic images.

Chen, C.; Holland, A. A.; Keller, R. G.

2012-12-01

284

Environmental Characteristics and Geographic Information System Applications for the Development of Nutrient Thresholds in Oklahoma Streams  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S.Environmental Protection Agency has developed nutrient criteria using ecoregions to manage and protect rivers and streams in the United States. Individual states and tribes are encouraged by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to modify or improve upon the ecoregion approach. The Oklahoma Water Resources Board uses a dichotomous process that stratifies streams using environmental characteristics such as stream order and stream slope. This process is called the Use Support Assessment Protocols, subchapter15. The Use Support Assessment Protocols can be used to identify streams threatened by excessive amounts of nutrients, dependant upon a beneficial use designation for each stream. The Use Support Assessment Protocols, subchapter 15 uses nutrient and environmental characteristic thresholds developed from a study conducted in the Netherlands, but the Oklahoma Water Resources Board wants to modify the thresholds to reflect hydrologic and ecological conditions relevant to Oklahoma streams and rivers. Environmental characteristics thought to affect impairment from nutrient concentrations in Oklahoma streams and rivers were determined for 798 water-quality sites in Oklahoma. Nutrient, chlorophyll, water-properties, and location data were retrieved from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency STORET database including data from the U.S. Geological Survey, Oklahoma Conservation Commission, and Oklahoma Water Resources Board. Drainage-basin area, stream order, stream slope, and land-use proportions were determined for each site using a Geographic Information System. The methods, procedures, and data sets used to determine the environmental characteristics are described.

Masoner, Jason R.; Haggard, Brian E.; Rea, Alan

2002-01-01

285

Depth-Duration Frequency of Precipitation for Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A regional frequency analysis was conducted to estimate the depth-duration frequency of precipitation for 12 durations in Oklahoma (15, 30, and 60 minutes; 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours; and 1, 3, and 7 days). Seven selected frequencies, expressed as recurrence intervals, were investigated (2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, and 500 years). L-moment statistics were used to summarize depth-duration data and to determine the appropriate statistical distributions. Three different rain-gage networks provided the data (15minute, 1-hour, and 1-day). The 60-minute, and 1-hour; and the 24-hour, and 1-day durations were analyzed separately. Data were used from rain-gage stations with at least 10-years of record and within Oklahoma or about 50 kilometers into bordering states. Precipitation annual maxima (depths) were determined from the data for 110 15-minute, 141 hourly, and 413 daily stations. The L-moment statistics for depths for all durations were calculated for each station using unbiased L-mo-ment estimators for the mean, L-scale, L-coefficient of variation, L-skew, and L-kur-tosis. The relation between L-skew and L-kurtosis (L-moment ratio diagram) and goodness-of-fit measures were used to select the frequency distributions. The three-parameter generalized logistic distribution was selected to model the frequencies of 15-, 30-, and 60-minute annual maxima; and the three-parameter generalized extreme-value distribution was selected to model the frequencies of 1-hour to 7-day annual maxima. The mean for each station and duration was corrected for the bias associated with fixed interval recording of precipitation amounts. The L-scale and spatially averaged L-skew statistics were used to compute the location, scale, and shape parameters of the selected distribution for each station and duration. The three parameters were used to calculate the depth-duration-frequency relations for each station. The precipitation depths for selected frequencies were contoured from weighted depth surfaces to produce maps from which the precipitation depth-duration-frequency curve for selected storm durations can be determined for any site in Oklahoma.

Tortorelli, Robert L.; Rea, Alan; Asquith, William H.

1999-01-01

286

National Uranium Resource Evaluation: Enid Quadrangle, Oklahoma and Kansas  

SciTech Connect

The uranium resources of the Enid Quadrangle, Oklahoma and Kansas, were evaluated to a depth of 1500 m using the available surface and subsurface geologic information, supplemented with an intensive geologic and geochemical reconnaissance of the quadrangle. Uranium occurrences reported in the literature were located, sampled, and described in detail. Areas of anomalous radioactivity and areas of known copper mineralization were also investigated for uranium potential. One previously known occurrence and one new occurrence were investigated in detail. All mineralized areas occur in Upper Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian strata and are uneconomic. All surface and subsurface rocks in the quadrangle are considered to possess characteristics unfavorable for uranium potenial. The upper Arbuckle Group (Upper Cambrian-Lower Ordovician) was designated as an unevaluated environment. The Arbuckle has some favorable characteristics, but sufficient information is not available to consider it an environment favorable for uranium deposits.

Eutsler, R.L.; Bloch, S.; Johnson, K.S.

1982-09-01

287

Statistical Summaries of Streamflow in and near Oklahoma Through 2007  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Statistical summaries of streamflow records through 2007 for gaging stations in Oklahoma and parts of adjacent states are presented for 238 stations with at least 10 years of streamflow record. Streamflow at 120 of the stations is regulated for specific periods. Data for these periods were analyzed separately to account for changes in streamflow because of regulation by dams or other human modification of streamflow. A brief description of the location, drainage area, and period of record is given for each gaging station. A brief regulation history also is given for stations with a regulated streamflow record. This descriptive information is followed by tables of mean and median monthly and annual discharges, magnitude and probability of exceedance of annual instantaneous peak flows, durations of daily mean flow, magnitude and probability of nonexceedance of annual low flows, and magnitude and probability of nonexceedance of seasonal low flows.

Lewis, Jason M.; Esralew, Rachel A.

2009-01-01

288

Comparing reactions to two severe tornadoes in one Oklahoma community.  

PubMed

The authors compared the effect of the 3 May 1999 F5 and 8 May 2003 F3 tornadoes on the community of Moore, Oklahoma, by canvassing damaged areas after both tornadoes and surveying residents. Significantly more 1999 than 2003 residents reported property damage and injuries. Television and tornado sirens were the most common warnings each year, however, more 1999 residents received and responded to television warnings. Importantly, storm shelters were used more frequently in 2003. Fifty-one per cent of residents who experienced both tornadoes took the same amount of protective action in 2003 as they had in 1999; 22% took less; and 27% took more. Residents who took less action said that the reason for doing so was inadequate warning and shelter. First-hand experience of tornadoes prompts people to heed warnings when adequate notification is received and to take effective protective action when adequate shelter is available. PMID:16108992

Comstock, R Dawn; Mallonee, Sue

2005-09-01

289

Networked Observation of Precipitating Cloud Systems in Oklahoma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radars are inherently limited in their ability to resolve fine structure of cloud systems and completely image a volume of space. Both the radial nature of sampling and the issues of beam width mean that upper level features are often missed or poorly resolved. While constant azimuth scans (RHIs) give amazing insight into the vertical structure they are not capable of sampling full storm structure in within a time commensurate with the evolution of the storm system. This presentation will show results from the ARM multi-scale remote sensing facility in Lamont, Oklahoma where there is a network of three X-Band and a C-Band radar deployed. Taking care in quality control and using a flexible mapping methodology enables the combining of information from multiple sources. We will showcase some sample storm reconstructions highlighting the advantages of using the full capabilities of the observing system.

Collis, S. M.; Giangrande, S. E.; Bharadwaj, N.

2012-12-01

290

Hydrogeology, water quality, and geochemistry of the Rush Springs aquifer, western Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Rush Springs aquifer, in western Oklahoma, is equivalent to the Permian-age Rush Springs Formation. It is composed of very fine-grained to fine-grained sandstone that is massive to highly cross-bedded and is underlain by less-permeable Marlow Formation. Reported irrigation well yields exceed 1,000 gallons per minute; yields reported on 89 drillers' logs ranged from 11 to 850 gallons per minute. Transmissivities range from 670 to 1,870 feet squared per day. Specific yields for core samples range from 0.13 to 0.34. Estimates of hydraulic conductivities at one site ranged from 1.05 to 5.62 feet per day. The Rush Springs aquifer is recharged by infiltration of precipitation, ranging from 0.2 to more than 2 inches per year. Discharge is primarily to streams and rivers where the Rush Springs aquifer crops. Estimated total withdrawal was 54.7 million gallons per day in 1990. Over 42 million gallons per day, or 77.8 percent of water withdrawn, was used for irrigation of crops. Thirty-five of the 64 wells sampled produced nitrate concentration that equaled or exceeded drinking water standards. Sulfate concentration also exceeds the drinking water standards in some areas. Two major water types occur in the aquifer, a calcium-magnesium bicarbonate type and a calcium sulfate type. Dissolved solids concentrations in water samples from the aquifer ranged from 52 to 1,840 milligrams per liter. The chemical composition of ground water in the Rush Springs aquifer is the result of chemical reactions between the recharge waters and minerals in the overlying soils and rocks in the Rush Springs and Marlow Formations. Saturation indices of minerals were calculated for 64 water-quality analyses using the geochemical computer model WATEQF. Mass transfer rates were calculated using the mass-balance model NETPATH.

Becker, M. F.; Runkle, D. L.

1998-01-01

291

Evidence for existence of Sabkhalike conditions in Upper Arbuckle Group, Slick Hills, southwestern Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

In the Slick Hills of southwestern Oklahoma, the Ordovician upper Arbuckle Group carries a cryptic record of evaporite precipitation. This record is particularly well developed in the Cool Creek and, to a lesser extent, the West Spring Creek formations. Principal lines of evidence supporting this conclusion are (1) salt pseudomorphs (after gypsum( )) preserved in chert and, less commonly, in limestone (principal pseudomorphing minetals are calcite and dolomite), (2) molds of salts in cherts, (3) traces of anhydrite and celestite within chert nodules, (4) collapse breccias the authors interpret as resulting from the solution of sulfate deposits, (5) dolomite beds that have appropriate isotope values, and (6) length-slow and other varieties of chert indicative of waters of high ionic strength, some of which are the distinctive cauliflower variety. In addition, a number of features suggest that waters of unusual composition (ie., modified seawater) were present on the Arbuckle platform from time to time. These features include rare bedded (primary( )) cherts, subaqueous shrinkage cracks, and ooids of unusual and variable textures. Their conclusion is that during upper Arbuckle Group deposition, particularly Cool Creek deposition, the vast Arbuckle platform was periodically exposed and a sabkhalike environment developed in which dolomitization and gypsum/anhydrite precipitation took place. Subsequent reestablishment of fully marine conditions resulted in the early removal of the sulfates, leaving only a cryptic evaporite signature. Our interpretation can be supported in a general sense by the fact that (1) the fauna of the Cool Creek Formation is impoverished by comparison with adjacent formations, (2) the area was in a suitable climatic zone, and (3) the widespread occurrence of detrital quartz in the Cool Creek is compatible with exposure of the platform and consequent movement of clastics into the area.

Ragland, D.A. (Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater (USA)); Donovan, R.N. (Texas Christian Univ., Fort Worth, TX (USA))

1990-02-01

292

Ultimate recovery analysis by formation and play for deep Anadarko Basin and estimation of undiscovered gas potential  

SciTech Connect

Deep gas resources have assumed a growing role in the United States gas picture since the mid-1960s. The deep Anadarko basin has been one of the areas of heavy activity, and is thought to contain a significant portion of the remaining unproven deep gas resource in the lower-48 states. A detailed analysis of gas production and proven reserves in the deep basin has established the characteristics and historical importance of each of the major plays and productive formations. The analysis should prove to be a valuable tool in estimating the undiscovered gas potential of the deep basin. Through 1985, there were 908 completions in the deep Anadarko basin. These completions accounted for 6.10 tcf of proven ultimate recovery, an average of 6.72 bcf per completion. In general, there is one completion per well and one well per section. Thus, ultimate recovery per completion represents ultimate recovery per section. The Hunton Group has the highest mean ultimate recovery at 15.3 bcf, followed by the Arbuckle Group at 10.1 bcf. In an attempt to evaluate existing resource appraisals of the deep basin, the areal distribution of production by formation was determined for the mature, shallow part of the basin. Over 20,000 completions were included in this analysis, demonstrating a significant database application. By using this distribution as a guide, along with certain other constraints, a range of 15-47 tcf of undiscovered potential was estimated.

Hugman, R.H.

1988-01-01

293

Forensic Seismology and the 1995 Oklahoma City Terrorist Bombing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The terrorist bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, on April 19, 1995, was recorded on 2 permanent seismographs, 7 and 26 km away. The more distant seismograph recorded 2 low-frequency wave trains separated by about 10 s. Militia groups speculated that the 2 wave trains were caused by separate explosions and hinted at a government cover up. Preliminary statements by the scientific community also contributed to the uncertainty. A public science organization issued a press release that stated "the location and source of the second surface wave-recording is unknown. Detailed investigations at the building site may offer an explanation as to the cause and origin of the second event." A prominent professional newsletter reported that the "first event was caused by energy from the explosion and the second from the fall of the building." To understand the seismic phases in the April 19 seismograms, the USGS monitored the demolition of the damaged building on May 23, 1995, with a portable seismic array. The array recorded the same 2 wave trains during the demolition and indicated the wave trains were a propagation effect and not the result of multiple sources. Modeling of the waveforms indicated that the 2 wave trains probably resulted from propagation of seismic energy in a near-surface zone with a strong velocity gradient. The first phase appeared to be a packet of scattered body waves and the second was the fundamental-mode Rayleigh wave. Timely resolution of the ambiguity of the seismogram and publication of results in a refereed publication, EOS, discouraged a conspiracy defense by the terrorists.

Holzer, T. L.

2002-05-01

294

Petroleum production and exploration in Ouachita region of Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in the Ouachita region of southeastern Oklahoma occurs in three geographic areas parallel to regional structure. The frontal gas, central oil, and central gas belts are distinguished by differences in structural setting, reservoir strata, and types of hydrocarbons. In the frontal belt, nearly 1 trillion ft/sup 3/ of dry gas has been produced from thrusted and subthrust Morrowan and Atokan sandstone and carbonate reservoirs. Over 8000 bbl of oil have been produced in the central oil belt, southeast of the Ti Valley fault. Structures consist of imbricate thrusts and isoclinal to overturned folds. The fields are typically small, associated with asphaltite or tar sands, and produce from Carboniferous sandstone reservoirs. Farther southeast, small fields within the central gas belt have produced minor gas from Ordovician, Devonian, and Mississippian reservoirs. Six Ordovician through Mississippian Ouachita-facies shales are potential petroleum source rocks and occur in the middle to lower part of the oil window. However, Devonian and Mississippian strata are composed primarily of terrestrial organic matter and are probably gas prone. Oil in Carboniferous reservoirs probably migrated upward stratigraphically from older sources. Recent exploration has focused on extending production from Pennsylvanian reservoirs in the frontal gas belt. However, a significant Arbuckle discovery (ARCO 2 Yourman) and a Broken Bow uplift test (Sohio 1-22 Weyerhauser) in 1987 indicate that Cambrian-Ordovician Arbuckle Group carbonates may be prospective beneath all of the Oklahoma Ouachitas. Near-future rank-wildcat exploration will probably focus on subthrust, structurally and stratigraphically favorable Arbuckle plays.

Suneson, N.H.; Campbell, J.A.

1989-03-01

295

Salvage Excavations of Prehistoric Human Burials at Altus and Foss Reservoirs, Southwestern Oklahoma: 1980-1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A series of four reports is presented which document seven human burials salvaged by Bureau of Reclamation staff archeologists. The burials were exposed by lake shore erosion at Altus and Foss Reservoirs in southwestern Oklahoma. A formal analysis of the ...

G. Agogino D. K. Boyd V. T. Button M. Etchieson B. Ferguson

1985-01-01

296

40 CFR 81.47 - Central Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Central Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. 81.47 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of...

2013-07-01

297

40 CFR 81.79 - Northeastern Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Northeastern Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. 81.79 Section...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of...

2013-07-01

298

40 CFR 81.125 - Southwestern Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Southwestern Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. 81.125 Section 81...CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of Air Quality Control Regions § 81.125...

2013-07-01

299

40 CFR 81.124 - North Central Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false North Central Oklahoma Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. 81.124 Section 81...CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of Air Quality Control Regions § 81.124 North...

2013-07-01

300

Feasibility study of heavy oil recovery in the Midcontinent region (Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is one of a series of publications assessing the feasibility/constraints of increasing domestic heavy oil production. Each report covers a select area of the United States. The Midcontinent (Kansas, Nssouri, Oklahoma) has produced significant ...

D. K. Olsen W. I. Johnson

1993-01-01

301

Health Systems Plan. Health Service Area 1 Oklahoma. Volume 5, Chapters 1-4.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Oklahoma Health Systems Agency compiled this data supplement to accompany its health systems plan. Contents: Demograph Data--presents general population characteristics and growth trends and a socioeconomic profile of the State; Target Populations--sp...

1978-01-01

302

Preliminary Study of the Favorability for Uranium in Northeastern Oklahoma and Southeastern Kansas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A preliminary study was conducted to assess the uranium favorability of northeastern Oklahoma and southeastern Kansas, an area underlain by a stratigraphic sequence that ranges in age from Precambrian to Late Pennsylvanian. The major structural features a...

L. D. Brogdon R. C. Pilcher

1977-01-01

303

Hydrogeochemical and Stream Sediment Reconnaissance Basic Data for Ardmore NTMS Quadrangle, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Results of a reconnaissance geochemical survey of the Ardmore Quadrangle, Oklahoma are reported. Field and laboratory data are presented for 745 groundwater samples and 782 stream sediment samples. Statistical and areal distributions of uranium and possib...

1978-01-01

304

77 FR 29275 - Oklahoma: Incorporation by Reference of State Hazardous Waste Management Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9652-8] Oklahoma: Incorporation by Reference of State Hazardous Waste Management Program...program. The EPA will incorporate by reference into the Code of Federal Regulations...EPA is codifying and incorporating by reference the State's hazardous waste...

2012-05-17

305

75 FR 36609 - Oklahoma: Incorporation by Reference of State Hazardous Waste Management Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9162-6] Oklahoma: Incorporation by Reference of State Hazardous Waste Management Program...program. The EPA will incorporate by reference into the Code of Federal Regulations...and [[Page 36610

2010-06-28

306

75 FR 65524 - United Auto Workers Local 1999, Oklahoma City, OK; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration [TA-W-71,863] United Auto Workers Local 1999, Oklahoma City, OK; Notice of Negative Determination Regarding Application for Reconsideration By application dated January 20, 2010,...

2010-10-25

307

40 CFR 272.1851 - Oklahoma State-administered program: Final authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Administrative Rules, Secretary of State, P.O. Box 53390, Oklahoma City, OK 73152-3390; Phone number: 405-521-4911; Web site: www.sos.state.ok.us/oar/oar_welcome.htm. The statutes are available from West...

2013-07-01

308

Ok Air for the Ok State: A Report on the Appraisal of Air Pollution in Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is assurance that Oklahoma is on the threshold of economic expansion that will require vigilance to prevent new air pollution. Analysis of available information reveals that there is no effective air pollution control program in existence in the sta...

J. D. McHard R. F. Wromble

1965-01-01

309

Live Weight-Dressed Weight Relationship for Commercial Fishes from Four Oklahoma Reservoirs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Oklahoma commercial fishermen on Lakes Texoma, Grand, Eufaula, and Gibson were studied from July 1967 to June 1968. In each quarter samples of fish were weighed prior to cleaning, by a commercial fishermen, and immediately afterwards. Linear and curviline...

G. Mensinger B. E. Brown

1971-01-01

310

Oklahoma's Timber Industry: An Assessment of Timber Product Output and Use, 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1996, roundwood output from Oklahoma's forests totaled 113 million cubic feet. Mill byproducts generated from primary manufacturers was 42 million cubic feet. Almost all plant residue was used primarily for fuel and fiber products. Saw logs were the le...

M. Howell T. G. Johnson

1998-01-01

311

76 FR 18927 - Oklahoma: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...govern Federal Hazardous Waste revisions promulgated...Section 2- Processed in a Gasification 7-101 et seq.; as...Oklahoma Hazardous Waste Management Act, as amended...State RCRA hazardous waste program without altering...Significantly Affect Energy Supply,...

2011-04-06

312

Evaluation of Heavy-Oil Potential of Northeastern Craig and Northwestern Ottawa Counties, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was undertaken to evaluate the heavy-oil (oil less than 25 exp 0 API) potential of northeastern Oklahoma - specifically, northwestern Ottawa and northeastern Craig Counties, the area considered to have the best possibility for shallow, heavy-...

W. E. Harrison J. F. Roberts L. J. Heath

1979-01-01

313

76 FR 81838 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Oklahoma; Interstate Transport of Pollution  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation Plans; Oklahoma; Interstate Transport of Pollution AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION...307(b)(2).) List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52 Air pollution control, Environmental protection, Incorporation by...

2011-12-29

314

Petrology and geochemistry of the Buckhorn Asphalt (Desmoinsian) Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The Buckhorn Asphalt is the informal name for asphalt-impregnated carbonate sediments of the Deese Group (Desmoinsian) deposited in the Mill Creek graben, Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma. This interbedded sequence of calcareous shale, carbonate sediments, and muddy chert conglomerates were deposited as inner marine shelf and fan delta facies in a sheltered coastal bay setting. Active faulting, due to the transpressional stress of continental collision, deformed the sediments and allowed secondary migration of Oil Creek Formation oil into the upper Deese section during or immediately following deposition. The non-asphaltic lower Deese carbonates have all the petrographic and geochemical characteristics of normal carbonate diagenesis by meteoric and/or subsurface groundwater. Asphaltic Deese carbonates contain unaltered aragonitic molluscs, neomorphosed skeletal aragonite and magnesian calcites, and delta TC-depleted sparry cements; this indicates that the presence of the oil and its alteration to asphalt physically limited and chemical influenced carbonate diagenesis. Deese asphalt has all the physical and chemical characteristics of oil degraded under low-temperature aerobic conditions by both biologic and inorganic processes. Comparison of the biomarker chemistry and organic TC composition of Deese asphalt with that of Oil Creek tar suggests that a substantial proportion of the Deese asphalt is composed of immature hydrocarbons. The chemical similarity of the indigenous Deese sedimentary hydrocarbons with this hypothetical immature hydrocarbon end member suggests that is may have an intraformational source.

Sadd, J.L.

1986-01-01

315

Stratigraphy of Glen Rose Formation, Gulf coastal plain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strata of the Glen Rose Formation and equivalent units crop out in a continuous band across the Edwards Plateau, the area of outcrop skirting the Llano uplift, the Lampasas cut plain, north-central Texas, southeastern Oklahoma, and southwestern Arkansas. These rocks dip into the subsurface of the Gulf coastal plain. Although the Glen Rose interval has been studied on outcrop and

Pittman

1989-01-01

316

Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the High Plains Aquifer in western Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

ARC/INFO export files This diskette contains digitized aquifer boundaries and maps of hydraulic conductivity, recharge, and ground-water level elevation contours for the High Plains aquifer in western Oklahoma. This area encompasses the panhandle counties of Cimarron, Texas, and Beaver, and the western counties of Harper, Ellis, Woodward, Dewey, and Roger Mills. The High Plains aquifer underlies approximately 7,000 square miles of Oklahoma and is used extensively for irrigation. The High Plains aquifer is a water-table aquifer and consists predominately of the Tertiary-age Ogallala Formation and overlying Quaternary-age alluvial and terrace deposits. In some areas the aquifer is absent and the underlying Triassic, Jurassic, or Cretaceous-age rocks are exposed at the surface. These rocks are hydraulically connected with the aquifer in some areas. The High Plains aquifer is composed of interbedded sand, siltstone, clay, gravel, thin limestones, and caliche. The proportion of various lithological materials changes rapidly from place to place, but poorly sorted sand and gravel predominate. The rocks are poorly to moderately well cemented by calcium carbonate. The aquifer boundaries, hydraulic conductivity, and recharge data sets were created by extracting geologic contact lines from published digital surficial geology maps based on a scale of 1:125,000 for the panhandle counties and 1:250,000 for the western counties. The water-level elevation contours and some boundary lines were digitized from maps in a published water-level elevation map for 1980 based on a scale of 1:250,000. The hydraulic conductivity and recharge values in this report were used as input to the ground-water flow model on the High Plains aquifer. Ground-water flow models are numerical representations that simplify and aggregate natural systems. Models are not unique; different combinations of aquifer characteristics may produce similar results. Therefore, values of hydraulic conductivity and recharge used in the model and presented in this data set are not precise, but are within a reasonable range when compared to independently collected data.

Becker, C. J.; Runkle, D. L.; Rea, Alan

1997-01-01

317

Insights into Oklahoma's Increased Seismicity Aided by Incorporation of the Transportable Array in Regional Earthquake Monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seismicity rates within Oklahoma increased more than an order of magnitude since 2009 roughly concurrent with the arrival of the Earthscope US Array Transportable Array (TA). It can be demonstrated the increased seismicity is not because of increased monitoring capability, but rather a marked increase in earthquake occurrence rates. This unique confluence of additional monitoring and additional seismicity has lead to new insights about the continuing earthquakes within Oklahoma. The additional seismic stations improved event detection within the region but also dramatically improved accuracy in earthquake locations and enabled the determination of 154 first-motion and moment tensor focal mechanisms throughout Oklahoma. Prior to the passage of the TA few if any focal mechanisms had been determined for earthquakes occurring within Oklahoma. These focal mechanisms show primarily strike-slip faulting on steeply dipping faults with strikes between 40-60° and 130-150°. Focal mechanisms associated with the Jones earthquake swarm, occurring just east of Oklahoma City, have clearly different orientations from those outside of the swarm area. The Jones earthquake swarm has a b-value of 1.3 while the remaining portions of Oklahoma continue to have a b-value near 1, even with the increased seismicity rates. The Jones earthquake swarm continues to average nearly 2 earthquakes each day with characteristics that clearly separate it from the rest of the observed earthquakes in Oklahoma. The additional seismic monitoring that the TA provided also helped to identify and more accurately quantify cases of possibly triggered seismicity throughout Oklahoma. The wells identified in possible cases of triggered seismicity represent a small fraction of all oil and gas activities within Oklahoma, but understanding these cases may help to mitigate such occurrences in the future. Accurately identifying cases of triggered seismicity helps to quantify the potential earthquake hazard induced seismicity may pose both in Oklahoma and throughout the country. The effect on the earthquake hazard for Oklahoma is demonstrated by comparing different probabilistic seismic hazard assessments based on the different observed seismicity rates.

Holland, A. A.

2012-12-01

318

78 FR 73858 - Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Oklahoma  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

Notice is hereby given that the State of Oklahoma is revising its approved Public Water System Supervision Program. Oklahoma has adopted three EPA drinking water rules, namely the: (1) Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (LT2), (2) the Stage 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule (DBP2), and (3) the Ground Water Rule (GWR). EPA has determined that the proposed LT2, DBP2,......

2013-12-09

319

Fracture density and spacing along Washita Valley fault, Arbuckle Mountains, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors document fracture density and spacing associated with the Washita Valley fault, a major strike-slip fault. The Washita Valley fault strikes northwest-southeast with up to 80 mi of exposure in southern Oklahoma and may be an early bounding fault of the Southern Oklahoma aulacogen (Ardmore\\/Marietta basins). Horizontal displacement on the fault has been estimated to be up to 40

C. D. Ferebee; J. B. Tapp

1989-01-01

320

Rb-Sr Isotopic Systematics of Felsic Igneous Rocks, Wichita Mountains, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently determined Rb-Sr isotopic characteristics of twelve of the recognized felsic units of the Cambrian Southern Oklahoma Aulacogen, which crop out in the Wichita Mountains of the southwestern Oklahoma, give some clues to the petrogenesis of these felsic units. 1) Plots of 87Rb\\/86Sr vs. 87Sr\\/86Sr form subsets yielding dates of 516 Ma and 522 Ma, discrepancies of about 10 to

K. Min; M. C. Gilbert

2001-01-01

321

An economic assessment of the application of superconductor technology to magnetic-levitation trains in Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specific objectives were to: (1) develop and refine a methodology that can be used to evaluate the feasibility of MAG-LEV trains; (2) apply this methodology to the state of Oklahoma. The methodology is based on an aggregate econometric demand model and mathematical programming. A city-pair network is constructed to evaluate alternative MAG-LEV routes between Oklahoma City and nine other cites

Sabbagh Kermani

1991-01-01

322

Simulating the impacts of groundwater pumping on stream–aquifer dynamics in semiarid northwestern Oklahoma, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Visual MODFLOW, a numerical groundwater flow model, was used to evaluate the impacts of groundwater exploitation on streamflow\\u000a depletion in the Alluvium and Terrace aquifer of the Beaver-North Canadian River (BNCR) in northwestern Oklahoma, USA. Water\\u000a demand in semi-arid northwestern Oklahoma is projected to increase by 53% during the next five decades, driven primarily by\\u000a irrigation, public water supply, and

Joseph Zume; Aondover Tarhule

2008-01-01

323

The Effects of Universal Pre-K in Oklahoma: Research Highlights and Policy Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract ,Oklahoma is one of only three states in the nation to offer a free pre-kindergarten(pre-K) program,to all students in participatingschool districts on a voluntary basis. Fortuitous circumstances in Tulsa, Oklahoma, the state’s largest school district, permitted an unusually rigorous evaluation of the pre-K program in Tulsa. Because four-year-olds beginning pre-K and five-year-olds beginning kindergarten were administered the same test

William T. Gormley; Deborah Phillips

2005-01-01

324

Bibliography of Oklahoma hydrology; reports prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey and principal cooperating agencies, 1901-93  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This bibliography lists reports on hydrology in Oklahoma prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey and the principal State cooperating agencies, the Oklahoma Geological Survey and the Oklahoma Water Resources Board. Included are citations of about 550 reports, abstracts, and journal articles issued from 1901 through July 1993. The reports are listed by agency and report type, and are indexed by author, subject, and USGS report number.

compiled by Havens, J. S.

1993-01-01

325

Storm deposits (tempestites) in Ordovician cratonic carbonates (Arbuckle Group, south-central Oklahoma)  

SciTech Connect

The Early Ordovician Kindblade Formation (Arbuckle Group), exposed in the Arbuckle Mountains of south-central Oklahoma, is a shallow marine epicontinental carbonate sequence that contains numerous storm deposits. The storm deposits (tempestites) are of two types, proximal and distal; the latter dominates in terms of both number and aggregate thickness. Distal tempestites consist of a fining upward sequence, 5 to 50 cm (2 to 20 in.) thick, that overlies an eroded hardground or firmground. The sequence consists of a lag lithoclastic grainstone that grades up into a laminated peloidal grainstone and then into mudstone. Primary sedimentary features such as laminations, burrows, and allochems are truncated at the surfaces, and borings are filled with unsorted lithoclasts. The lithoclasts at the base of the sequence are bored, generally well rounded, discoid in shape, and consist of mudstone, peloidal packstone, and oolitic grainstone. The overlying mudstone is sparsely fossiliferous and bioturbated with burrows either selectively dolomitized or infilled with lithoclastric grainstone. Proximal tempestites consist of coarse lithoclastic flat pebble conglomerate beds approximately 1 m (3.25 ft) thick that are interbedded with ooid grainstone and overlie mudstone. The contact between the units is sharp and erosional. The lithoclasts are of variable composition and may be up to 20 cm (7.75 in.) in diameter. The two types of tempestites occur in crude cycles, which consist of distal deposits overlain by proximal tempestites and ooid grainstones. The abundance of the storm deposits in the section, approximately one every 20 cm (7.75 in.), indicates that hundreds of storm-induced events are recorded in the Kindblade Formation.

Goldhammer, R.K.; Elmore, R.D.

1983-03-01

326

Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the Elk City Aquifer in western Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

ARC/INFO export and nonproprietary format files This diskette contains digitized aquifer boundaries and maps of hydraulic conductivity, recharge, and ground-water level elevation contours for the Elk City aquifer in western Oklahoma. The aquifer covers an area of approximately 193,000 acres and supplies ground water for irrigation, domestic, and industrial purposes in Beckham, Custer, Roger Mills, and Washita Counties along the divide between the Washita and Red River basins. The Elk City aquifer consists of the Elk City Sandstone and overlying terrace deposits, made up of clay, silt, sand and gravel, and dune sands in the eastern part and sand and gravel of the Ogallala Formation (or High Plains aquifer) in the western part of the aquifer. The Elk City aquifer is unconfined and composed of very friable sandstone, lightly cemented with clay, calcite, gypsum, or iron oxide. Most of the grains are fine-sized quartz but the grain size ranges from clay to cobble in the aquifer. The Doxey Shale underlies the Elk City aquifer and acts as a confining unit, restricting the downward movement of ground water. All of the data sets were digitized and created from information and maps in a ground-water modeling thesis and report of the Elk City aquifer. The maps digitized were published at a scale of 1:63,360. Ground-water flow models are numerical representations that simplify and aggregate natural systems. Models are not unique; different combinations of aquifer characteristics may produce similar results. Therefore, values of hydraulic conductivity and recharge used in the model and presented in this data set are not precise, but are within a reasonable range when compared to independently collected data.

Becker, C. J.; Runkle, D. L.; Rea, Alan

1997-01-01

327

Bibliography of Oklahoma hydrology; reports prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey and principal cooperating agencies, 1901-88  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Reports on the hydrology of Oklahoma have been issued by the U.S. Geological Survey since 1901. This bibliography lists reports on hydrology in Oklahoma prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey and the principal State cooperating agencies, the Oklahoma Geological Survey and the Oklahoma Water Resources Board. Of the nearly 350 reports issued from 1901 through 1988, about 200 have been concerned primarily with groundwater; the remainder have dealt with some aspect of surface water, water quality, or geology. The reports are listed by agency and report type, and are indexed both by author and subject. (USGS)

Compiled by Havens, John S.

1989-01-01

328

The EMS response to the Oklahoma City bombing.  

PubMed

This is a descriptive study of the Emergency Medical Services response to a bombing of a United States Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma on 19 April 1995. The explosion emanated from a rented truck parked in the front of the building. The force of the explosion destroyed three of the four support columns in the front of the building and resulted in a pancaking effect of the upper floors onto the lower floors. There were three distinct phases of the medical response: 1) Immediately available local EMS ambulances and staff; 2) Additional ambulances staffed by recalled, off-duty personnel; and 3) mutual-aid ambulances and personnel from the surrounding communities. There were 361 persons in the building at the time of the explosion, 163 of these perished. Within the first hour of the explosion, 139 patients were transported to area hospitals. Of these, 32% were in critical condition. During the day of the explosion, 444 persons were treated for physical injuries: 410 of these were related to the explosion and 14, including one with fatal injuries, were sustained during search and rescue attempts. A total of 354 (80%) were treated and released from emergency departments, and 90 (20%) were admitted to hospitals. Six of the transported victims either were dead on arrival to the emergency department or died after admission to the hospital. Of those who died, 95% of the deaths were related to blunt trauma associated with the collapse of the structure. Only three persons were extricated alive after the first five hours following the explosion. The scene became flooded with volunteers who, although their intentions were to provide help and aid to those injured, created a substantial logistical problem for Incident Command. Several other lessons were learned: 1) Telephone lines and cells became overloaded, but the Hospital Emergency Administrative Radio system was operational only in three of the 15 hospitals; 2) Volunteer personnel should have responded to the hospitals and not to the scene; and 3) Training was an essential for the success of such a response. Thus, the success of this operation was a function of the intense training, practice, and coordination between multiple agencies. PMID:10187007

Maningas, P A; Robison, M; Mallonee, S

1997-01-01

329

A comparison of the speech patterns and dialect attitudes of Oklahoma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The lexical dialect usage of Oklahoma has been well-studied in the past by the Survey of Oklahoma Dialects, but the acoustic speech production of the state has received little attention. Apart from two people from Tulsa and two people from Oklahoma City that were interviewed for the Atlas of North American English, no other acoustic work has been performed within the state. This dissertation begins to fill in these gaps by presenting twelve respondents interviewed by the Research on Dialects of English in Oklahoma (RODEO) project. For each speaker, a brief biography is given, including some of their regional and speech attitudes of Oklahoma. Then acoustic data from a wordlist and reading task are presented and compared. Analysis will consider plots of each speaker's vowel system as a whole, and will also examine many environments in isolation. These environments were chosen for their likely presence in Oklahoma, and include such dialect features as the Southern Shift, the pin/pen merger, the caught/cot merger, monophthongization of the PRICE vowel, and neutralization of tense vowels before /l./ After considering each respondent separately, some of their results will be pooled together to give a preliminary sense of the state of dialect within Oklahoma. Demographic variables such as age, gender, and urban/rural upbringing will be related to speakers' attitudes and acoustic production. This will serve two goals - first, to compare modern-day production to the findings of previous scholars, and second, to suggest a dialect trajectory for the state that could be studied further in additional research.

Bakos, Jon

330

Proceedings of Annual Oklahoma Conference on Education, "Public Education: Time to Speak Up!" (3rd, Oklahoma City, OK, September 8-9, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Speeches, panel discussions, and a debate from the 1981 Oklahoma Conference on Education are presented. The topics of the speeches are: (1) administrative decision making in institutions of higher education and the effects of state legislation (Barbara Uehling); (2) experiences of an American hostage in Iran and subsequent feelings about the…

Brown, Diane, Ed.; And Others

331

COCORP profiling across the Southern Oklahoma aulacogen: Overthrusting of the Wichita Mountains and compression within the Anadarko Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

COCORP (Consortium for Continental Reflection Profiling) deep reflection profiles recorded across the Wichita Mountains and Anadarko Basin suggest that significant crustal shortening occurred in the final stages of the evolution of the Southern Oklahoma aulacogen. The crystalline rocks of the Wichita Mountains were thrust in Pennsylvanian time northeastward over sedimentary rocks of the Anadarko Basin along a series of faults with moderate (average 30° to 40°) and southwesterly dips. These faults can be traced possibly as deep as 20 to 24 km. Listric thrust faults and hanging-wall anticlines developed in the sedimentary rocks of the basin. These features contrast with conventional interpretations of Pennsylvanian structures as the result of predominantly vertical movements along high-angle faults, and they suggest that Pennsylvanian downwarping of the Anadarko Basin was at least partially due to thrust loading. Truncations of reflections from Cambrian-Ordovician rocks in the deepest part of the basin suggest normal faulting, which would support ideas of an early extensional stage in the aulacogen cycle. The distinctive Precambrian layering seen on earlier COCORP data recorded south of the Wichita Mountains cannot be recognized under the Anadarko Basin, and the Proterozoic basin containing that layering may have been bounded on its north side by a Precambrian fault. This inferred fault was probably twice reactivated during formation of the Southern Oklahoma aulacogen—once during late Precambrian(?)-Early Cambrian extension, and again during Pennsylvanian compression. The popular view that aulacogens originated from radial rifting of updomed, homogeneous continental crust is probably too simplified, and a more important constraint on their location and development may be the nature of pre-existing lines of weakness. *Present address: Department of Earth Sciences, Cambridge University, Cambridge CB3 OEZ, England

Brewer, J. A.; Good, R.; Oliver, J. E.; Brown, L. D.; Kaufman, S.

1983-02-01

332

Vertical formations demand unique treatments  

SciTech Connect

In the US midcontinent area, major thrust faults trap large quantities of hydrocarbons in the down-thrown fault block. As exploration of these thrust fault structures continues, the application of extended reach and horizontal well bores will increase. Formations in deep structures are apt to have lower porosity and permeability than the currently developed thrust faults and thus, require fracture stimulation. In addition, the portion of the formation closest to the fault may be subjected to folding resulting in a vertical formation penetrated by a horizontal well bore. Low porosity and vertical bedding were encountered in the City of Lawton No. 1-34, an 18,088-ft wildcat (14,627-ft TVD) in Caddo County, Oklahoma. This article details methods to overcome the obstacles that well bore and formation geometry present to fracture stimulation operations in the 17,714-ft (14,614-ft TVD) Britt sand.

Fairchild, K. [Fina Oil and Chemical Co., Midland, TX (United States)

1996-04-01

333

Geographic Information Systems Methods for Determining Drainage-Basin Areas, Stream-Buffered Areas, Stream Length, and Land Uses for the Neosho and Spring Rivers in Northeastern Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geographic Information Systems have many uses, one of which includes the reproducible computation of environmental characteristics that can be used to categorize hydrologic features. The Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation and the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality are investigating Geographic Information Systems techniques to determine partial drainage-basin areas, stream-buffer areas, stream length, and land uses (drainage basin and stream characteristics) in northeastern Oklahoma. The U.S Geological Survey, in cooperation with Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation and the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality, documented the methods used to determine drainage-basin and stream characteristics for the Neosho and Spring Rivers above Grand Lake Of the Cherokees in northeastern Oklahoma and calculated the characteristics. The drainage basin and stream characteristics can be used by the Oklahoma Department of Wildlife Conservation and the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality to aid in natural-resource assessments.

Masoner, Jason R.; March, Ferrella

2006-01-01

334

Ground water in the alluvium of Beaver Creek basin, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Beaver Creek is an 857 square-mile area in south-central Oklahoma. The tributaries head at an altitude as high as 1,400 feet and the mouth of Beaver Creek is at an altitude of 804 feet. Alluvial material has been deposited along all the major streams in the basin. The alluvium contains a high percentage of clay and fine sand and ranges in thickness from a few inches to 50 feet. Replenishment of water in the alluvium is from precipitation, lateral seepage and runoff from adjoining areas, and infiltration from the streams during high flows. The town of Ryan and Waurika have constructed municipal water-supply wells topping the alluvium and residents of the town of Sugden have private wells topping the alluvium. The other major use of ground water is transpiration by trees, which are very dense where the alluvial plain is wide. In the northern part of the basin the alluvium is thin and only domestic water supplies are available. (available as photostat copy only)

Hart, D. L., Jr.

1961-01-01

335

Turbulent Kinetic Energy in the Oklahoma City Urban Environment  

SciTech Connect

A major field experiment, Joint URBAN 2003 (JU2003), was conducted in Oklahoma City in July 2003 to collect meteorological and tracer data sets for evaluating dispersion models in urban areas. The Department of Homeland Security and the Defense Threat Reduction Agency were the primary sponsors of JU2003. Investigators from five Department of Energy national laboratories, several other government agencies, universities, private companies, and international agencies conducted the experiment. Observations to characterize the meteorology in and around the urban area complemented the observation of the dispersion of SF6, an inert tracer gas. Over one hundred threedimensional sonic anemometers were deployed in and around the urban area to monitor wind speed, direction, and turbulence fluxes during releases of SF6. Sonic deployment locations included a profile of eight sonic anemometers mounted on a crane less than 1 km north of the central business district (CBD). Using data from these and other sonic anemometers deployed in the urban area, we can quantify the effect of the urban area on atmospheric turbulence and compare results seen in OKC to those in other urban areas to assess the parameters typically used in parameterizations of urban turbulence.

Lundquist, J; Leach, M; Gouveia, F

2004-06-24

336

Poorly characterized critical rock units within the southern Oklahoma Aulacogen  

SciTech Connect

The Southern Oklahoma Aulacogen (SOA) apparently developed during late Proterozoic-early Cambrian rifting of the southern continental margin. This margin appears to be related to the Grenville suture' formed when the Llano terrane was accreted to N.A. The SOA is representative, as well as the best exposed, of a series of penecontemporaneous rifts along the southern and eastern margin of the North American plate. Pronounced Pennsylvanian structural inversion has lifted the igneous basal sections of this rift (the SOA) to shallow crustal levels and exposed parts of it in the Wichita Mountains. Two previously identified but poorly characterized rock units within the SOA, the Tillman Metasedimentary Group and the Navajoe Mountain Basalt/Spilite Group, do not crop out at the surface, having only been recognized from well cuttings. No well-described or well-dated samples exist. The Tillman may be the basement rock which was extended during initial rifting and hosted the igneous infill of the SOA. The Navajoe may represent the earliest phase of magmatism in the SOA. Isotopic dating and geochemistry, and textural/structural relations, of 100--500 m core sections in these two units would go a long way toward clarifying paleotectonic relations and crustal structure in the late Proterozoic. Several drill sites for scientific holes up to 1 km in depth targeted to these enigmatic units can be identified and the rationale for their selection will be presented.

Gilbert, M.C.; Hogan, J.P. (Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States). School of Geology and Geophysics); Denison, R.E. (Kingstree, Dallas, TX (United States)); Lidiak, E.G. (Univ. of Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Dept. of Geology and Planet Science)

1993-02-01

337

Multispectral analysis of limestone, dolomite, and granite, Mill Creek, Oklahoma  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Spectral reflectance and thermal emission data were collected at the Mill Creek, Oklahoma test site during NASA missions 132 and 133 in June 1970. The data were collected by three aircraft flown several times during the diurnal cycle at altitudes of 150 to 17,000 m above mean terrain. Reflectance of the main rock types (limestone, dolomite, and granite) was determined from the data collected using a 12-channel multispectral scanner during mission 133 and from thermal infrared images recorded during mission 132 on an RS-7 scanner from 17,000 m above terrain. A preliminary rock recognition map was generated automatically using data collected from 900 m above terrain. The discrimination provided by the map is reasonably accurate. Misidentification occurred in areas of unusually high dolomite reflectivity. High altitude thermal infrared (10 to 12 micrometers) images show regional folds and faults distinguished by the presence of thermally contrasting materials. Linear and curvilinear structural features two to three times smaller than the nominal 17 m resolution could be detected.

Rowan, L. C.; Watson, K.

1970-01-01

338

Subsidence and basin development in the southern Oklahoma aulacogen  

SciTech Connect

Development of the southern Oklahoma aulacogen was the result of Cambrian tectonism along Proterozoic zones of weakness that caused northwest-trending extensional normal faults related to a rifting event. These faults were reactivated during upper Paleozoic compressional stress with fault patterns indicative of sinistral transpressive and transtensional movement. Mapping in the region has allowed classification of the myriad of faults into six major systems, from the north to south: the Washita Valley, Madill-Aylesworth, Caddo, Criner, Horseshoe Bend, and Muenster systems. Development of the fault systems occurred somewhat independently as energy was transferred between them owing to changes in stress from the uneven collision of the Ouachita front. This model may account for the episodic movement recognized by past investigators. The determination of relative timing of development within these systems has shown that the Madill-Aylesworth and Criner systems were active during the Upper Mississippian. As deformation continued along the Criner system structural activity moved southward to include the Horseshoe Bend and Muenster systems during the Early Pennsylvanian. During the Middle Pennsylvanian, fault development along the southern margin of the aulacogen subsided, and deformation activity was initiated in the northern portions of the Ardmore basin. The amount of horizontal displacement along fault systems in the region is still unresolved. However, by regional mapping along the Criner systems, a minimum of 6 mi left-lateral movement can be documented as having occurred during the Upper Pennsylvanian using models of sediment deposition and transport in strike-slip basins.

Ferebee, C. (Univ. of Tulsa, OK (United States))

1991-03-01

339

A Study of Public Higher Education in the Oklahoma City Area with Special Focus on Community College Services. Report on the Delivery of Comprehensive Community College Services in Metropolitan Oklahoma City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a legislative mandate, a study was conducted to identify and address the basic factors which should be considered in the expansion of postsecondary educational opportunities in metropolitan Oklahoma City, with specific focus on the steps to be taken by Oklahoma City Community College (OCCC). Study findings, based on demographic…

Priest, Bill J.; And Others

340

Proceedings of Department of Defense Industrial Symposium (1ST) on Numerical Control Data 3-6 October 1966. Host Oklahoma City Air Materiel Area Tinker Air Force Base Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report of the first Department of Defense-Industy Symposium on Numerical Control Data held in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 3-6 October 1966. The purpose of the symposium was, 'to review the commonality of numerical control systems and to determine capabilit...

1966-01-01

341

Impact of Configurations of Rapid Intermittent Assimilation of WSR-88D Radar Data for the 8 May 2003 Oklahoma City Tornadic Thunderstorm Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various configurations of the intermittent data assimilation procedure for Level-II Weather Surveillance Radar-1988 Doppler radar data are examined for the analysis and prediction of a tornadic thunderstorm that occurred on 8 May 2003 near Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Several tornadoes were produced by this thunderstorm, causing extensive damages in the south Oklahoma City area. Within the rapidly cycled assimilation system, the

Ming Hu; Ming Xue

2007-01-01

342

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 6): Hardage/Criner, McClain County, Oklahoma, November 1986. First Remedial Action.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Hardage/Criner site is located in McClain County, Oklahoma, approximately 15 miles southwest of Norman, Oklahoma. The area is agricultural with land on all sides of the site used for grazing cattle. From September 1972 to November 1980, the site was o...

1986-01-01

343

25 CFR 151.5 - Trust acquisitions in Oklahoma under section 5 of the I.R.A.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Trust acquisitions in Oklahoma under section 5 of the I.R.A. 151.5 Section 151.5 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN...151.5 Trust acquisitions in Oklahoma under section 5 of the I.R.A. In addition to acquisitions for tribes which did...

2011-04-01

344

A Grid/Group Study of Gender Perceptions of the Culture of the Oklahoma Civil Air Patrol  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe member perceptions of the culture of the Oklahoma CAP using an online version of the Douglas Grid/Group typology. This study further described and compared differences in how men and women in the organization view its culture. All senior members of the Oklahoma CAP with a valid email address on file…

Wardlaw, Kelly Ann

2011-01-01

345

Boundary-Layer Structure Upwind and Downwind of Oklahoma City during the Joint Urban 2003 Field Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Joint Urban 2003 field study in Oklahoma City in July 2003 provided a comprehensive data set that included measurements from sites upwind and downwind of Oklahoma City where sodars, radar wind profilers\\/RASSes, and radiosondes were deployed. Radiosonde measurements were taken during six daytime intensive observational periods (IOPs) and during four nighttime IOPs, while the sodars and radars operated almost

Stephan F. J. De Wekker; Larry K. Berg; K. Jerry Allwine; J. Christopher Doran; William J. Shaw

2004-01-01

346

Sadness, tragedy and mass disaster in Oklahoma City: providing critical incident stress debriefings to a community in crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shortly after 09:00 h on 19 April 1995, the Alfred P Murrah Federal Building, located in downtown Oklahoma City, was devastated with a bomb blast of such gigantic proportions that it was heard 60 miles away in neighbouring Norman, Oklahoma. Oklahomans routinely commuting to work on that sunny Wednesday morning went about their business as usual. A crude bomb chemically

J. A. Davis

1996-01-01

347

Public Disclosure, January 22, 2008, Community Reinvestment Act Performance Evaluation: Shattuck National Bank, Charter Number 9987, Oklahoma City, OK.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The SNB is a community bank headquartered in Shattuck, Oklahoma. SNB is wholly-owned by Shattuck Bancshares, Inc., a one-bank holding company. The main bank with a drive-thru facility is located at 503 South Main Street in Shattuck, Oklahoma. A 24-hour ca...

2008-01-01

348

Preliminary appraisal of the hydrology of the Blocker area, Pittsburg County, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Bedrock in the Blocker area of southeastern Oklahoma consists principally of shale, siltstone, and sandstone of the Boggy and Savanna Formations of Pennsylvanian age. These rocks have been folded to form the Panther Mountain syncline on the south and the Kinta anticline on the north. Alluvium along streams is less than 15 feet thick and consists mainly of sandy silt. Water in bedrock is under artesian conditions. Well depths range from 11 to 213 feet and average 75 feet. In 86% of the wells measured, the water level was less than 30 feet below the land surface. Because the rocks have minimal permeability, well yields probably are less than 5 gallons per minute. Ground water is commonly a mixed cation bicarbonate type with dissolved solids ranging from about 300 to 2,000 milligrams per liter. No relationship between water chemistry and well depth or geographic distribution is apparent. Streams in the area are ephemeral and there are extended periods of no flow. Blue Creek was dry 30% of the time during 1976-80 and had flows of less than 0.1 cubic foot per second for at least 80 consecutive days. Stream water is generally a mixed cation sulfate type. The maximum dissolved-solids concentration determined in stream water was 3670 milligrams per liter. Maximum suspended sediment discharge, in tons per day, was about 235 for Blue Creek, 40 for Blue Creek tributary, and 630 for Mathuldy Creek. Silt-clay particles (diameters less than 0.062 millimeter) are the dominant sediment size. Surface mining for coal undoubtedly will have some effect on the environment. The most likely deleterious effects are increased sediment loads in streams and increased mineralization of stream waters. However, these effects should be of only limited extent and duration if appropriate mining and reclamation practices are followed. (USGS)

Marcher, Melvin V.; Bergman, D. L.; Stoner, J. D.; Blumer, S. P.

1981-01-01

349

Introduction of a Science Policy Course at the University of Oklahoma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In modern society, science and policy are two processes that have a symbiotic relationship to each other; wherein policy dictates the direction of science while science shapes the future of policy. Although the policy side is often ignored in scientific environments, the rate of scientific advancement is heavily influenced by policy. Science policy is very different from the conduct of science itself and future scientists need to be aware of the issues and factors that dictate the present and future direction of science. Based on the intricate relationship between science and policy, it is essential to introduce an overview of the policy process to future scientists and decision makers. In the context of climate change, policy implications are extensive and critical owing to their large socio-economic impacts. Hence, knowledge of the policy process is even more relevant to earth scientists. In this regard, the proposal to start an introductory course in science policy is currently being discussed in the department of Meteorology at the University of Oklahoma. If such a course is approved, an interactive graduate level class will be introduced for students pursuing a career in science. Such a course will be cross- disciplinary and will be offered to a wide audience across the university. Since the American Meteorological Society's (AMS) Summer Policy Colloquium has been a very successful program in educating scientists about the policy process, a format similar to the colloquium may be adopted. The primary topics will include the understanding of policy fundamentals, effective communication, ethics and integrity in the conduct of scientific research, executive leadership in science and the responsibilities of a scientific leader, impact of science on globalization and international diplomacy, etc. The AMS policy program office will be consulted to help design the course curriculum. An overview of the steps involved in introducing the class will be presented at the meeting along with the latest course curriculum.

Mishra, S.; Parsons, D.

2012-12-01

350

Triangulations of sprites relative to parent lighting near the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Temporal and spatial development of sprite-producing lightning flashes is examined with coordinated observations over an asymmetric mesoscale convective system on June 29, 2011 near the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array (OK-LMA). About 30 sprites were mutually observed from Bennett, Colorado and Hawley, Texas, allowing us to triangulate sprite formation in comparison with spatial/temporal development of the parent lightning. Complementary measurements of broadband (<1 Hz to ~300 kHz) radio frequency lightning signals are available from several magnetic sensors across the United States. Our analyses indicate that although sprite locations can be significantly offset horizontally (up to 70 km) from the parent ground stroke, they are usually laterally within 30 km of the in-cloud lightning activity during the 100 ms time interval prior to the sprite production. This is true for short-delayed sprites produced within 20 ms after a causative stroke, and long-delayed sprites appearing up to more than 200 ms after the stroke. Multiple sprites appearing as dancing/jumping events can be produced during one single flash either in a single lightning channel, through series of current surges superposed on a long and intense continuing current, or in multiple lightning channels through distinct ground strokes of the flash. The burst of continuous very-low-frequency/low-frequency lightning sferics commonly observed in association with sprites is linked to the horizontal progression of multiple negative leaders through positive charged regions of the cloud, which are typically centered at altitudes ~1-2 km (or more) above the freezing level.

Lu, G.; Cummer, S. A.; Li, J.; Lyons, W. A.; Stanley, M. A.; Krehbiel, P. R.; Rison, W.; Thomas, R. J.; Weiss, S. A.; Beasley, W. H.; Bruning, E. C.; MacGorman, D. R.; Palivec, K.; Samaras, T. M.

2012-12-01

351

Chemical quality of surface waters in the Arkansas River basin of Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

One of the first requisites for intelligent planning of the utilization and control of water and for the administration of laws relating to its use, is data on the quantity, quality, and mode of occurence of water supplies. The collections, evaluation, interpretation, and publication of such data constitute the primary function of the Water Resources Division of the United States Geological Survey. Since 1895 the Congress has made appropriations to this agency for investigations of the water resources of the Nation. In 1929 the Congress adopted the policy of dollar-for-dollar cooperation with State and local governmental agencies for water-resources investigations. The Geological Survey's Federal-State cooperative program of quality-of-water investigations in Oklahoma was started in 1944 in cooperation with the Oklahoma Planning and Resources Board. Since July of this year the program has been carried on cooperatively with the newly created Oklahoma Water Resources Board. (available as photostat copy only)

Dover, T. B.

1957-01-01

352

Testing a Mahalanobis distance model of black bear habitat use in the Ouachita Mountains of Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Regional wildlife-habitat models are commonly developed but rarely tested with truly independent data. We tested a published habitat model for black bears {Ursus americanus) with new data collected in a different site in the same ecological region (i.e., Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Oklahoma, USA). We used a Mahalanobis distance model developed from relocations of black bears in Arkansas to produce a map layer of Mahalanobis distances on a study area in neighboring Oklahoma. We tested this modeled map layer with relocations of black bears on the Oklahoma area. The distributions of relocations of female black bears were consistent with model predictions. We conclude that this modeling approach can be used to predict regional suitability for a species of interest.

Hellgren, E. C.; Bales, S. L.; Gregory, M. S.; Leslie, Jr. , D. M.; Clark, J. D.

2007-01-01

353

Native American Conference on Petroleum Energy; November 16-17, 1996; Bartlesville, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

Thirty-three Native American tribal members, council members, and other interested parties gathered in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, to attend the Native American Conference on Petroleum Energy on October 16 and 17 1996, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and BDM-Oklahoma, Inc. Tribes represented at the workshop included the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Hopi, Jicarilla Apache, Osage, Seminole, and Ute. Representatives of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and the Minerals Management Service (MMS) also attended. BDM-Oklahoma developed and organized the Native American Conference on Petroleum Energy to help meet the goals of the U.S. Department of Energy's Domestic Gas and Oil Initiative to help Native American Tribes become more self-sufficient in developing and managing petroleum resources.

NONE

1999-04-27

354

Public Education in Oklahoma: A Digest of the Report of a Survey of Public Education in the State of Oklahoma, Made at the Request of the Oklahoma State Educational Survey Commission under the Direction of the United States Commissioner of Education. Bulletin, 1923, No. 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin presents the results of a study on the special problems of education for Indians in Oklahoma. During the months of April and May of 1922, a committee of Oklahoma educators, under the direction of the Bureau of Education, conducted a series of educational tests and measurements in public schools in various parts of the State. The…

Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior, 1923

1923-01-01

355

The 3D Elevation Program: summary for Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Elevation data are essential to a broad range of applications, including forest resources management, wildlife and habitat management, national security, recreation, and many others. For the State of Oklahoma, elevation data are critical for flood risk management, infrastructure and construction management, agriculture and precision farming, natural resources conservation, wildlife and habitat management, and other business uses. Today, high-density light detection and ranging (lidar) data are the primary sources for deriving elevation models and other datasets. Federal, State, Tribal, and local agencies work in partnership to (1) replace data that are older and of lower quality and (2) provide coverage where publicly accessible data do not exist. A joint goal of local, State, and Federal partners is to acquire consistent, statewide coverage to support existing and emerging applications enabled by lidar data. The National Enhanced Elevation Assessment (NEEA; Dewberry, 2011) evaluated multiple elevation data acquisition options to determine the optimal data quality and data replacement cycle relative to cost to meet the identified requirements of the user community. The evaluation demonstrated that lidar acquisition at quality level 2 for the conterminous United States and quality level 5 interferometric synthetic aperture radar (ifsar) data for Alaska with a 6- to 10-year acquisition cycle provided the highest benefit/cost ratios. The 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) initiative selected an 8-year acquisition cycle for the respective quality levels. 3DEP, managed by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the Office of Management and Budget Circular A–16 lead agency for terrestrial elevation data, responds to the growing need for high-quality topographic data and a wide range of other 3D representations of the Nation’s natural and constructed features.

Carswell, William J., Jr.

2014-01-01

356

Geological report on water conditions at Platt National Park, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Platt National Park, located in southern Oklahoma, containing 842 acres, was established by Acts of Congress in 1902, 1904, and 1906. The reason for the setting aside of this area was the presence in the area of some 30 'mineral' springs, the water from which contains sulphur, bromide, salt, and other minerals, which are believed to possess medicinal qualities. For many generations the sulphur springs of the Chickasaw Nation had been known for their reputed healing qualities. It had long been the custom for families to come from considerable distances on horseback and in wagons and camp near the springs, in order to drink the water. In course of time a primitive town, known as Sulphur Springs, grew up near a group of springs known since as Pavilion Springs at the mouth of Sulphur Creek, now known as Travertine Creek. This town was still in existence at the time of my first visit to the locality in July, 1901. At this time, in company with Joseph A. Taff, of the United States Geological Survey, I spent a week riding over the country making a preliminary survey looking toward the setting aside of the area for a National Park. After the establishment of the National Park, the old town of Sulphur Springs was abandoned, and when the present boundaries of the park had been established the present town of Sulphur, now county seat of Murray County, grew up. In July 1906, on request of Superintendent Joseph F. Swords, I visited the park and made an examination of the various springs and submitted a report, dated August 15, 1906, to Secretary of the Interior E.A. Hitchcock. Copies of this report are on file in the Regional Office and at Platt National Park. In this report I set forth the approximate amount of flow of the various springs, the character of the water in each, and the conditions of the springs as of that date. I also made certain recommendations regarding proposed improvements of each spring. In this report I say: 'In the town of Sulphur, four wells have been drilled to a depth of between 450 and 500 feet in which artesian water has been secured. These wells are said to flow 200,000 gallons each per day.' I also say: 'From a study of the log of one of these wells, it appears that the artesian water is derived from the upper part of the Simpson sandstone. It is very probable that the water of the springs is derived from the same source.' This early was recognized the relation between the water from the mineral springs and that from the artesian wells. As the years have passed, other wells have been drilled in the town of Sulphur, chiefly to supply water for mineral baths and for swimming pools, so that to date more than 30 wells have been drilled. The exact number is not known. The custom has usually been to turn the wells loose and permit them to flow at full capacity, although some of the wells have been 'valved in' and the flow reduced. An estimate furnished me by the Secretary of the Chamber of Commerce in 1937, referred to later in this report, indicated that at that time 16 wells were flowing approximately 28,800,000 gallons of water per day, practically all of which ran to waste. For many years geologists in Oklahoma and elsewhere have watched this unrestricted waste of water from the artesian wells at Sulphur with growing concern. Remembering the history of other artesian basins throughout the world, these geologists believed that in all probability it was only a question of time until the water in the Sulphur artesian basin would begin to fail. On two different occasions the State Geologist of Oklahoma, bearing these conditions in mind, has prepared and had introduced into the State Legislature a bill which, if enacted into law, would have regulated the flow of water in artesian wells throughout the State. Both bills died in committee. Partly on account of the drought of the past three years, the matter has been brought to a head. In September 1938, Buffalo and Antelope Springs at the hea

Gould, Charles Newton; Schoff, Stuart Leeson

1939-01-01

357

Ground water in the Blanchard area, McClain County, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A letter from Lloyd L. Bowser, City Clerk, dated January 8, 1948, in behalf of the town council and Mayor Walter Casey, indicates that a serious shortage of water is faced by the town of Blanchard, McClain County, Oklahoma. The town is near the eastern boundary of Grady County, where an investigation of the ground-water resources is being made by the Oklahoma Geological Survey in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey as part of a State-wide investigation. Information obtained thus far may aid the town by showing where additional ground water for municipal supply may be sought.

Davis, Leon Virgil; Schoff, Stuart L.

1948-01-01

358

Assessing the need for diabetes self-management education in the Oklahoma city vietnamese community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  To assess the diabetes self-management educational (DSME) needs of the Vietnamese diabetic population in the Oklahoma City\\u000a metropolitan area.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Participants in this explorative study included 50 Vietnamese adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes recruited from the offices\\u000a of four primary care physicians in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. Participants completed a culturally sensitive survey\\u000a focused on their diabetes

Teresa Truong; Mark Britton; Donald Harrison; Nancy Letassy; Becky Armor; Darryl Tonemah; Ann Nguyen

2011-01-01

359

Estimate of self-supplied domestic water use in Oklahoma during 1980  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Reported or measured water-use data for the domestic self-supplied user were not available for Oklahoma; therefore estimates of water use within this classification were derived. The total self-supplied population in Oklahoma during 1980 was estimated to be 343,615, which was 11.4 percent of the total 1980 State population. The rate of water use by this group was estimated to be 56 gallons per capita per day. The estimated annual domestic self-supplied water use by county ranged from 10 to 1,180 acre-feet, with a total statewide use of 21,610 acre-feet.

Stoner, J. D.

1984-01-01

360

Enhanced Oil Recovery with Downhole Vibration Stimulation in Osage County Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to demonstrate the impact of downhole vibration stimulation on oil production rates in a mature waterflood field. Oil & Gas Consultants International, Inc. (OGCI) will manage the project in close cooperation with the Osage Tribe as the tests will be conducted in Osage County, Oklahoma, the mineral estate of the Osage Tribe. The field is owned and operated by Calumet Oil Company. Phillips Petroleum Company will contribute their proprietary vibration core analysis of cores recovered from the pilot test area. To achieve the project objectives, the work has been divided into nine tasks, some are concurrent, while other tasks rely on completion of previous steps. The operator, Calumet Oil Company operates several field in Osage County Oklahoma. The North Burbank Unit will be the site of the test. The team will then determine where within the field to optimally locate the vibration test well. With the location determined, the test well will be drilled, cored, logged and 7-inch production casing run and cemented. In a parallel effort, OGCI will be designing, building, and testing a new version of the downhole vibration tool based on their patented and field proven whirling orbital vibrator. With the field test tool built to run in 7-inch casing. Reliability testing of the downhole tool and surface power source will be conducted in nearby field operated by Calumet Oil Company. After the core is recovered, Phillips Petroleum Company will be conducting laboratory tests utilizing their proprietary sonic core apparatus to determine fluid flow response to a range of vibration frequencies. These results, in turn, will allow final adjustments to the frequency generation mechanisms of the downhole vibration tool. One or more offset wells, near to the vibration test well, will be equipped with downhole geophones and or hydro-phones to determine the strength of signal and if the producing formation has a characteristic resonant frequency response. Surface geophones will also be set out and arranged to pick up the signal generated by the downhole vibration tool. The downhole vibrator will be installed in the test well. Monitoring the production and injection for the pilot test area will continue. As the frequency of the downhole tool is changed, the recording of seismic signals, both on the surface and downhole, will also be conducted. The results of the data collection will be a matrix of varying vibration stimulation conditions corresponding to changes in production fluid rates and seismic responses. The report on the results of the downhole vibration stimulation will be prepared and delivered using several venues. Technical papers will be submitted to the Society of Petroleum Engineers. Workshops are planned to be held for operators in Osage County and surrounding areas. A dedicated technical session on vibration stimulation may be offered at the 2002 SPE/DOE/IOR Conference, bringing together the world's experts in this emerging technology. The final task will be to close out the project.

J. Ford Brett; Robert V. Westermark

2001-03-31

361

Geohydrology of the alluvial and terrace deposits of the North Canadian River from Oklahoma City to Eufaula Lake, central Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This investigation was undertaken to describe the geohydrology of the alluvial and terrace deposits along the North Canadian River between Lake Overholser and Eufaula Lake, an area of about 1,835 square miles, and to determine the maximum annual yield of ground water. A 1982 water-level map of the alluvial and terrace aquifer was prepared using field data and published records. Data from test holes and other data from the files of the U.S. Geological Survey and the Oklahoma Water Resources Board were used to establish the approximate thickness of the alluvial and terrace deposits. The North Canadian River from Lake Overholser, near Oklahoma City, to Eufaula Lake is paralleled by a 2- to 3-mile wide band of alluvium. Scattered terrace deposits on either side of the alluvium reach an extreme width of 8 miles. Rocks of Permian age bound the alluvial and terrace deposits from the west to the midpoint of the study area; Pennsylvanian rocks bound the alluvial and terrace deposits from that point eastward. Three major aquifers are present in the study area: the alluvial and terrace aquifer, consisting of alluvium and terrace deposits of Quaternary age in a narrow band on either side of the North Canadian River; the Garber-Wellington aquifer of Permian age, consisting of an upper unconfined zone and a lower confined zone separated by relatively impermeable shales; and the Ada-Vamoosa aquifer of Pennsylvanian age. At locations were the alluvial and terrace aquifer overlies either of the other aquifers, there is hydraulic continuity between the alluvial and terrace aquifer and the other aquifers, and water levels are the same. Most large-scale municipal and industrial pumping from the Garber-Wellington aquifer is from the lower zone and has little discernible effect upon the alluvial and terrace aquifer. The total estimated base flow of the North Canadian River for the studied reach is 264 cubic feet per second. Evapotranspiration from the basin in August is about 60 cubic feet per second for the North Canadian River from Lake Overholser to a measuring station above Eufaula Lake. Estimated recharge rates to the alluvial and terrace aquifer in the basin range from 1.7 inches at the west edge of the study area to 7.0 inches at the east edge. Total permitted withdrawal from the aquifer, according to records of the Oklahoma Water Resources Board, ranged from 2,107 acre-feet per year in 1942 to about 21,415 acre-feet per year in 1982. Simulations of the alluvial and terrace aquifer from Lake Overholser to Eufaula Lake were made using a finite-difference model developed by McDonald and Harbaugh (1984). The area of the aquifers was subdivided into a finite-difference grid having 30 rows and 57 columns with cells measuring 1 mile in the north-south direction and 2 miles in the east-west direction. The model was calibrated in two steps: A steady-state calibration simulated head distribution prior to extensive pumping of the aquifer in 1942, and a transient calibration simulated head distribution after extensive pumpage. The final horizontal hydraulic conductivity used for the alluvial and terrace aquifer was 0.0036 feet per second (310 feet per day) at all locations. The recharge rate for the alluvial and terrace aquifer ranged from 1.7 inch per year in the west to 7.0 inches per year in the east, and averaged about 3.3 inches per year. A specific yield of 15 percent was used for the transient simulation. Permitted pumpage for 1942 through 1982 was used in the digital model to estimate the annual volume of water in storage in the alluvial and terrace aquifer for the years for this time period. The 1982 permitted pumpage rates were used for projections for 1983 to 2020. The estimated volume of water in storage was 1,940,000 acre-feet in 1982. Because the estimated recharge rate is equal to the allowed pumpage rate in 1982, the projected volume of water in storage in both 1993 and 2020 was 1,890,000 acre-feet.

Havens, J. S.

1989-01-01

362

Summary of Sonic Boom Rise Times Observed During FAA Community Response Studies over a 6-Month Period in the Oklahoma City Area  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The sonic boom signature data acquired from about 1225 supersonic flights, over a 6-month period in 1964 in the Oklahoma City area, was enhanced with the addition of data relating to rise times and total signature duration. These later parameters, not available at the time of publication of the original report on the Oklahoma City sonic boom exposures, are listed in tabular form along with overpressure, positive impulse, positive duration, and waveform category. Airplane operating information along with the surface weather observations are also included. Sonic boom rise times include readings to the 1/2, 3/4, and maximum overpressure values. Rise time relative probabilities for various lateral locations from the ground track of 0, 5, and 10 miles are presented along with the variation of rise times with flight altitude. The tabulated signature data, along with corresponding airplane operating conditions and surface and upper level atmospheric information, are also available on electronic files to provide it in the format for more efficient and effective utilization.

Maglieri, Domenic J.; Sothcott, Victor E.

1990-01-01

363

Preliminary appraisal of the hydrology of the Stigler area, Haskell County, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Bed rock in the Stigler area of southeastern Oklahoma consists principally of shale, siltstone, and sandstone of the McAlester, Savanna, and Boggy Formations of Pennsylvanian age. These rocks have been folded to form the Stigler syncline on the north and the Antioch anticline on the south. An area of several square miles is underlain by terrace deposits, mostly sandy silt, as much as 25 feet thick. Alluvium along the streams is 5 to 10 feet thick and consists mainly of sandy silt. Neither the terrace deposits nor the alluvium are hydrologically significant. Water in the bedrock is under artesian conditions. Well depths range from 34 to 235 feet and average 95 feet. The water level in most wells is less than 30 feet below the land surface. Because the rocks have minimal permeability, well yields probably are less than 5 gallons per minute. Much of the area is provided with water by a rural water district. Based on specific-conductance measurements, dissolved-solids concentrations in ground water are estimated to range from 200 to 2,500 milligrams per liter. Nor relationship between variations in specific conductance and well depth, geographic distribution, or geologic formation is apparent. Streams in the area are ephemeral and extended periods of no flow can be expected. During much of the period of record, streamflow in Taloka Creek was maintained by water pumped from an active coal mine. Water upstream from the mine area had a mean dissolved-solids concentration of 72 milligrams per liter whereas water downstream from the mine area had a mean concentration of 1,323 milligrams per liter. At times, downstream concentrations of some toxic metals exceeded the standards for drinking water set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Samples of water collected from Taloka Creek since mining ceased did not have excessive concentrations of toxic metals. Maximum suspended-sediment discharge of Taloka Creek was about 1,660 tons per day. Silt-clay particles (diameters less than 0.062 millimeter) were the dominant grain size. Observed and measured effects of surface mining for coal on the hydrologic system include (1) creation of additional water storage in the surface mine pond, (2) disruption of drainage in an area of about 1 square mile, and (3) increased mineralization of water in Taloka Creek. Other possible effects include (4) changes in permeability and storage of water in mine spoil, (5) minor changes in streamflow and runoff characteristics, and (6) temporary increase in the sediment load of Taloka Creek.

Marcher, M. V.; Huntzinger, t. L.; Stoner, J. D.; Blumer, S. P.

1983-01-01

364

Water conservation as a long-range strategy in municipal water supply planning: the case of Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

This study is concerned with Oklahoma water managers' attitudes toward the adoption or rejection of long-term water conservation options in small and medium sized cities under 50,000 in population. In focusing upon Oklahoma water managers' attitudes, the following questions are addressed: (1) What factors influence Oklahoma water managers' attitudes toward the adoption or rejection of long-term water conservation measures. (2) What are the major incentives or disincentives that may encourage or discourage the adoption and implementing of long-term water conservation alternatives at the municipal level in Oklahoma. (3) What are the distinct geographical variations in attitudes toward adopting water conservation policies. To address these and related questions, a questionnaire was mailed to each of the water managers in the selected Oklahoma towns and cities. Results of the study indicated that local water managers considered local governments as the most appropriate body to deal with water management issues. Local water managers in Oklahoma also place heavy reliance upon traditional structural solutions. If these solutions prove to be inadequate, long-term water conservation alternatives become more appealing. However, Oklahoma water managers in the selected cities and towns expressed their profound concerns about the potential revenue loss if long-term water conservation measures were to be adopted and implemented.

Abdallah, A.L.

1985-01-01

365

Ultradeep Anadarko exploration returns in highly pressured Washita County area  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses how ultradeep exploration is slowly returning to the Anadarko basin. An Oklahoma City independent spudded a wildcat in Washita County last week that is scheduled to evaluate mainly Siluro-Devonian Hunton and Cambro-Ordovician Arbuckle. The well is about 6 miles southeast of Cordell, Okla. Drilling time to 26,000 ft is estimated at 320-365 days.

Petzet, G.A.

1990-12-17

366

Educating Counselors in Vocational Guidance: The Process and the Outcomes in Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Vocational Inservice Program (VIP) for Public School Counselors in Oklahoma apprised counselors of the role of career development, vocational guidance, and vocational education and raised their awareness of the resources and opportunities available to them and their students. VIP was composed of three 2-day workshops that offered training for…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Research Div.

367

Geologic Factors Which May Affect the Occurrence of Natural Gas in the Oklahoma Panhandle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geologically, the Oklahoma Panhandle is situated along the NW. flank of the Anadarko Basin and separates the Dalhart Basin from the Hugoton Embayment of the Anadarko Basin. This is a geographic separation rather than a tectonic separation. As a result, the Panhandle has been subject to a basin-flank geological history as compared with the basin troughs on either side. Initial

Carl Moore

1969-01-01

368

Proposed Education Guidelines and Procedures: Sac and Fox Nation of Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These educational guidelines and procedures were developed after extensive review of current education programs for the Sac and Fox Nations of Oklahoma. The guidelines, prepared by a committee of local educators appointed by a tribal business committee, examined the anticipated needs for future generations of the Sac and Fox people. The document…

Sac and Fox Nation, OK. Education Committee.

369

OATE Journal: Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators. Volume 14, Spring 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "OATE Journal" is published annually by the Oklahoma Association of Teacher Educators. Articles in this issue include: (1) "The Transition of Middle School Students into High School" by Aric Sappington, Malinda Hendricks Green, Jennifer J. R. Endicott, and Susan C. Scott; (2) "Graduate Students' Perceptions of Teacher Effectiveness" by Sarah…

Green, Malinda Hendricks, Ed.

2010-01-01

370

The annual cycle and the cultural nexus of health care behavior among Oklahoma wheat farming families  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the role of the 'annual cycle' in helping to account for the timing at which illness develops and\\/or visits are made to the family medicine clinic by members of farming families in the 'wheat belt' of northwestern Oklahoma. It is argued that the annual cycle, as one among many forms of temporal organization, can serve as a

Howard F. Stein

1982-01-01

371

Three Year Oklahoma Annual Program Plan for Adult Education. Fiscal Years 1983-1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the State plan designed to enable the State Department of Education to implement an adult education program in Oklahoma that will meet the critical educational needs of the adult population. Sections of the plan include purpose; state definitions; legal authority; audits, goal statement, administrative provisions;…

Oklahoma State Board of Education, Oklahoma City.

372

Investing in Oklahoma: The Progress of Education Reform. Volumes 1-4, January 1996-January 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These four reports describe Oklahoma's education-reform efforts, which were mandated by the Education Reform and Funding Act of 1990. Each of the volumes offers an annual report of the ongoing changes in education. Volume 1 focuses on state-appropriated funds for education and per-pupil expenditures. It looks at school consolidation, greater…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City.

373

75 FR 19667 - Oklahoma Disaster # OK-00036 Declaration of Economic Injury  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration for the State of Oklahoma, dated 04/09/2010. Incident: Severe Freezing Rain, Ice and Snowstorms. Incident Period: 01/28/2010 through 02/18/2010. Effective Date: 04/09/2010. EIDL...

2010-04-15

374

Estimating profile soil moisture and groundwater variations using GRACE and Oklahoma Mesonet soil moisture data  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we estimate a time series of regional groundwater anomalies by combining terrestrial water storage estimates from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission with in situ soil moisture observations from the Oklahoma Mesonet. Using supplementary data from the Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (DOE ARM) network, we develop an empirical scaling factor with which

Sean Swenson; James Famiglietti; Jeffrey Basara; John Wahr

2008-01-01

375

The 1998 Oklahoma-Texas Drought: Mechanistic Experiments with NCEP Global and Regional Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents results from mechanistic experiments to clarify the origin and maintenance of the Oklahoma-Texas (OK-TX) drought of the 1998 summer, using the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) global and regional models. In association with this unprecedented drought, three major mechanisms that can produce extended atmospheric anomalies have been identified: (i) sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies, (ii) soil

Song-You Hong; Eugenia Kalnay

2002-01-01

376

Literacy and Education among Adult Indians in Oklahoma. Volume III: Appendixes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third in a 3-volume report on the Adult Indian Education Project (AIEP, a 15-month U.S. Office of Education project designed to identify the literacy levels and educational needs of Oklahoma's adult American Indians), this volume presents supporting data in the form of appendices to Volume I. These appendices include: (1) The Survey Instrument…

Hall, Paul R.; And Others

377

Food Habits of Adult Flathead Catfish, 'Pylodictus olivaris' (Rafinesque), in Oklahoma Reservoirs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Food items were found in 47.0% of 1329 flathead catfish stomachs collected by gill and trammel nets from six Oklahoma reservoirs. The average number of food items was 1.6 per stomach and the average volume per stomach was 26.4 ml in stomachs with food. Fi...

P. R. Turner R. C. Summerfelt

1970-01-01

378

Reforms with Results: What Oklahoma Can Learn from Florida's K-12 Education Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Florida lawmakers began a comprehensive education reform effort in 1999 combining accountability, transparency, and parental choice with other far-reaching changes. In March 2010, the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) released new results showing just how successful Florida's reforms have been and how futile Oklahoma's efforts…

Ladner, Matthew

2010-01-01

379

75 FR 32493 - Oklahoma; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration AGENCY: Federal Emergency...This notice amends the notice of a major disaster declaration for the State of Oklahoma...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The notice of a major disaster declaration for the State of...

2010-06-08

380

75 FR 15447 - Oklahoma; Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Amendment No. 1 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration AGENCY: Federal Emergency...This notice amends the notice of a major disaster declaration for the State of Oklahoma...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The notice of a major disaster declaration for the State of...

2010-03-29

381

76 FR 44027 - Oklahoma; Amendment No. 3 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Amendment No. 3 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration AGENCY: Federal Emergency...This notice amends the notice of a major disaster declaration for the State of Oklahoma...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The notice of a major disaster declaration for the State of...

2011-07-22

382

76 FR 49781 - Oklahoma; Amendment No. 4 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Amendment No. 4 to Notice of a Major Disaster Declaration AGENCY: Federal Emergency...This notice amends the notice of a major disaster declaration for the State of Oklahoma...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The notice of a major disaster declaration for the State of...

2011-08-11

383

Characteristics of Prison Sexual Assault Targets in Male Oklahoma Correctional Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on male inmate sexual assault has been quite limited in correctional literature. Even fewer of these studies have focused specifically on the characteristics of sexual assault targets. Therefore, data gathered from August 1998 to May 1999 via face-to-face interviews with 174 inmates in three male Oklahoma correctional facilities were drawn on to examine various demographic and organizational characteristics of

Christopher Hensley; Richard Tewksbury; Tammy Castle

2003-01-01

384

Rules of the University of Oklahoma Libraries Faculty, Including Criteria for Tenure, Promotion and Salary Increases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statement of rules, policies, and procedures of the University of Oklahoma Libraries covers the areas of library government and organization, library faculty relationships, and criteria for tenure promotion and salary increases. Regulations for the election of officers, holding meetings, dues collection, committees and councils, and…

Harrington, Sue; And Others

385

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: Progress on Teacher Quality, 2007. Oklahoma State Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" examines what is arguably the single most powerful authority over the teaching profession: state government. This Oklahoma edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the first of what will be an annual look at the status of state policies impacting the…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2007

2007-01-01

386

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: What States Can Do to Retain Effective New Teachers, 2008. Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the Oklahoma edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's 2008 "State Teacher Policy Yearbook". The 2008 "Yearbook" focuses on how state policies impact the retention of effective new teachers. This policy evaluation is broken down into three areas that encompass 15 goals. Broadly, these goals examine the impact of…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2008

2008-01-01

387

Delivering an Organizational Leadership PhD Program at a Distance: University of Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this chapter, the authors identify and review a number of key features in the successful development and maintenance of a PhD program delivered at a distance. The University of Oklahoma's PhD program in organizational leadership was developed in the early 1990s and delivered (primarily, but not completely) to military personnel and families…

Rodgers, Joseph Lee; Williams, T. H. Lee

2011-01-01

388

33 CFR 208.27 - Fort Cobb Dam and Reservoir, Pond (Cobb) Creek, Oklahoma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...purpose, flows shall not exceed a 13.0-foot stage (1,300 cfs) on the USGS gage on Pond (Cobb) Creek near Fort Cobb, Oklahoma, river mile 5.0; a 19.0-foot stage (6,000 cfs) on the USGS gage on the Washita River near Anadarko,...

2013-07-01

389

A Total Lightning Perspective of the 20 May 2013 Moore, Oklahoma Supercell  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the early afternoon of 20 May 2013, a storm initiated to the west-southwest of Newcastle, Oklahoma. This storm would rapidly intensify into the parent supercell of the tornado that struck the city of Moore, Oklahoma. This article describes what contributions total lightning observations from the Oklahoma Lightning Mapping Array could provide to operational forecasters had these observations been available in real-time. This effort includes a focus on the GOES-R pseudo-geostationary lightning mapper demonstration product as well as the NASA SPoRT / Meteorological Development Laboratory's total lightning tracking tool. These observations and tools identified several contributions. Two distinct lightning jumps at 1908 and 1928 UTC provided a lead time of 19 minutes ahead of severe hail and 26 minutes ahead of the Moore, Oklahoma tornado's touchdown. These observations provide strong situational awareness to forecasters, as the lightning jumps are related to the rapid strengthening of the storm's updraft and mesocyclone and serve as a precursor to the stretching of the storm vortex ahead severe weather.

Stano, Geoffrey T.; Schultz, Christopher J.; Carey, Lawrence D.; MacGorman, Don R.; Calhoun, Kristin M.

2014-01-01

390

Gravity Investigations of the Chickasaw National Recreation Area, South-Central Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The geological configuration of the Arbuckle Uplift in the vicinity of Chickasaw National Recreation Area in south-central Oklahoma plays a governing role in the distribution of fresh and mineral springs within the park and in the existence of artesian we...

D. S. Scheirer A. H. Scheirer

2006-01-01

391

Southeast Hoover field: model of foreland tectonics of Arbuckle region, southern Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Southwest Hoover field, located on the northern side of the Arbuckel Mountains, typifies the structural style common to the foreland of southern Oklahoma. This oil field, which produces primarily from the upper Arbuckle Group carbonates, was created in response to the Late Pennsylvanian Arbuckle orogeny. Various interpretations of the mode of deformation have been proposed such as wrench faulting,

John H. Beck

1986-01-01

392

Faculty Research, Publications, In-Service Activities at Northeastern Oklahoma State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contained in this publication of Northeastern Oklahoma State University are faculty publications and research reports; abstracts fo faculty-student research projects; a list of individual and group inservice activities and research in progress by college department and divisions; and a bibliography of published articles, books, and creative works.…

Northeastern Oklahoma State Univ., Tahlequah.

393

Developments in the Oklahoma portion of the Arkoma basin, 1960 to 1965  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first natural-gas production in the Arkoma basin in eastern Oklahoma was near Poteau in Le Flore County in 1910. In the next few years several fields were discovered and developed as far west as Quinton in Pittsburg County. Production was from Hartshorne and upper Atoka sandstones at depths of less than 3000 ft. The first deep natural-gas production was

1966-01-01

394

77 FR 46994 - Oklahoma: Incorporation by Reference of State Hazardous Waste Management Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL9701-6] Oklahoma: Incorporation by Reference of State Hazardous Waste Management Program...program. The EPA will incorporate by reference into the Code of Federal Regulations...this authorization and incorporation by reference during normal business hours at the...

2012-08-07

395

Sediment phosphorus flux in an Oklahoma reservoir suggests reconsideration of watershed management planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

A reservoir model of Lake Wister, Oklahoma, indicated that internal sources dominated phosphorus (P) loading to the waterbody, and that a watershed management plan need not address external P sources. To test this claim, we evaluated internal P loading by measuring sediment oxygen demand (SOD) and quantifying soluble reactive P (SRP) release from sediments to the overlying water column. Sediment

B. E. Haggard; J. T. Scott; S. Patterson

2012-01-01

396

Information from 1989 and 1990 Oklahoma City Community College Graduates. Research Monograph VIII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In September 1990 and June 1991, the Office of Institutional Research at Oklahoma City Community College (OKCCC) conducted follow-up studies of December 1988 and July 1990 OKCCC graduates, respectively. Questionnaires were sent to 365 graduates in 1990 and to 398 graduates in 1991. Survey findings, based on a 20.8% response rate in 1990 and 17.6%…

Oklahoma City Community Coll., OK. Office of Institutional Research.

397

78 FR 32223 - Oklahoma: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...9817-5] Oklahoma: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revisions AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...you want to comment on this action, you must do so at this time. DATES: Send your written comments by June 28, 2013....

2013-05-29

398

Thermal state of the Arkoma Basin and the Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most fundamental physical processes that affects virtually all geologic phenomena in sedimentary basins is the flow of heat from the Earth's interiors. The Arkoma Basin and the Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma, are a prolific producer of both oil and natural gas. Both basins also have important geologic phenomena. Understanding the thermal state of the these basins is crucial

Youngmin Lee

1999-01-01

399

INTENSIVE SURVEY OF THE ILLINOIS RIVER (ARKANSAS AND OKLAHOMA) IN AUGUST 1985  

EPA Science Inventory

A water quality survey of the Illinois River Basin was conducted August 16-29, 1985, in response to concerns that water clarity had decreased in the lower reach which is designated as an Oklahoma scenic river. The survey results demonstrated that background phosphorus concentrati...

400

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 90-047-2237, Jags Beauty Salon, Norman, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from the owner/operator of Jags Beauty Salon (SIC-7231), Norman, Oklahoma, an investigation was begun of the potential for chemical exposures, which may result from working with hair care products. The hair styling and hair cuttin...

D. Almaguer L. M. Blade

1992-01-01

401

'Right-to-Work' Laws and Economic Development in Oklahoma. Briefing Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bulk of this position paper consists of statements in opposition to a September 2001 referendum on adopting 'right-to-work' (RTW) legislation in Oklahoma. The statements are by Joan Fitzgerald, William Sschweke, Raymond Hogler, Steven Shulman, Stephan Weiler, Ann Markusen, Robert G. Lynch, David R. Howell, James Galbraith, Colin Gordon, Wim…

Mishel, Lawrence, Ed.

402

Oklahoma City Alcohol Safety Action Project: Effectiveness and Efficiency; Analytic Study No. I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the progress and performance of the Oklahoma City Alcohol Safety Action Project (ASAP) during the five-year period 1972 - 1976. The findings of this study include: (1) ASAP enforcement personnel effected 17,187 DUI arrests in Oklahom...

R. F. Krenek

1977-01-01

403

Stable-Isotope Ratios of Hydrogen and Oxygen in Precipitation at Norman, Oklahoma, 1996-2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Precipitation samples for measurement of stable-isotope ratios of hydrogen (a2H) and oxygen (a18O) were collected at the Norman Landfill Research Site in Norman, Oklahoma, from May 1996 to October 2008. Rainfall amounts also were measured at the site (U.S...

H. Qi I. M. Cozzarelli J. B. Jaeschke J. R. Masoner M. A. Scholl S. Christenson

2011-01-01

404

Oklahoma Long-Range Program for Library Development, 1979-1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report assesses the library and information needs of Oklahoma residents and proposes goals and objectives, plans of action, allocation of funds, program formulation, and priorities and evaluation procedures for dealing with these designated areas over a five year period. Based on data from a needs assessment study and library evaluations,…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Libraries, Oklahoma City.

405

The Economics of Elementary and Secondary Schooling in Oklahoma. Bulletin B-714.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing data from a random sample of Oklahoma elementary and secondary schools, the study examined interrelationships among the educational process, student achievement, and environment. Results revealed the importance of educational objectives, student backgrounds, high school curriculum, teacher salary, and student density upon optimal…

Tweeten, Luther; And Others

406

Baseline ambient gaseous ammonia concentrations in the Four Corners area and eastern Oklahoma, USA.  

PubMed

Ambient ammonia monitoring using Ogawa passive samplers was conducted in the Four Corners area and eastern Oklahoma, USA during 2007. The resulting data will be useful in the multipollutant management of ozone, nitrogen oxides, and visibility (atmospheric regional haze) in the Four Corners area, an area with growing oil/gas production and increasing coal-based power plant construction. The passive monitoring data also add new ambient ammonia concentration information for the U.S. and will be useful to scientists involved in present and future visibility modeling exercises. Three week integrated passive ammonia samples were taken at five sites in the Four Corners area and two sites in eastern Oklahoma from December, 2006 through December, 2007 (January, 2008 for two sites). Results show significantly higher regional background ammonia concentrations in eastern Oklahoma (1.8 parts per billion (ppb) arithmetic mean) compared to the Four Corners area (0.2 ppb arithmetic mean). Annual mean ammonia concentrations for all Four Corners area sites for the 2007 study ranged from 0.2 ppb to 1.5 ppb. Peak ambient ammonia concentrations occurred in the spring and summer in both areas. The passive samplers deployed at the Stilwell, Oklahoma site compared favorably with other passive samplers and a continuous ammonia monitoring instrument. PMID:18974901

Sather, Mark E; Mathew, Johnson; Nguyen, Nghia; Lay, John; Golod, George; Vet, Robert; Cotie, Joseph; Hertel, Terry; Aaboe, Erik; Callison, Ryan; Adam, Jacque; Keese, Danielle; Freise, Jeremy; Hathcoat, April; Sakizzie, Brenda; King, Michael; Lee, Chris; Oliva, Sylvia; San Miguel, George; Crow, Leon; Geasland, Frank

2008-11-01

407

The Actions of One Inspire the Power of Many: Laura Briley, Day Schools, Tulsa, Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laura Briley is a person who makes things happen! Not only is she instrumental in creating a new World Forum Working Group for the Rights of Children in Children's Homes, but in April she organized the first ever Pikler Intensive Training in the United States by bringing two internationally famous infant development experts to Tulsa, Oklahoma. In…

Gonzalez-Mena, Janet

2010-01-01

408

Needs Assessment of Low Incidence Handicapped Children in the Oklahoma City Metro Area.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general service delivery needs assessment was conducted in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area to determine a need for a cooperative inter-district delivery system for low incidence handicapped students. Secondary hearing impaired students were the primary focus of the study. Data obtained via needs assessment questionnaires from 20 school…

Hollingshead, Maybelle C.

409

The Diurnal Wind Variation in the Lowest 1500 ft in Central Oklahoma: June 1966-May 1967.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One year of wind data from a television tower in northern Oklahoma City has been analyzed on a diurnal basis. The annual mean speeds below the third level at 296 ft are lowest at night and highest during the day, and conversely the speeds up to the sevent...

K. C. Crawford H. R. Hudson

1972-01-01

410

Water Resources Data for Oklahoma, Water Year 1976. Volume 1. Arkansas River Basin.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Water resources data for the 1976 water year for Oklahoma consist of records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage contents, and water quality of lakes or reservoirs. Volumes 1 and 2 of this report contain discharge records for 122 gagi...

1977-01-01

411

Literacy Patterns of Production Workers in Small Manufacturing Companies in the Oklahoma City Metroplex.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Screening Battery of the Adult Basic Learning Examination and a demographic questionnaire were completed by 65 employees in small manufacturing firms in Oklahoma City. Despite overall educational attainment of 11.5 years, grade equivalents of scores were 7.6 for reading comprehension, 8.9 for problem solving; 21.5% were classified as…

Green, Gary; Sloan, Bobby R.

1994-01-01

412

Computational Fluid Dynamic Simulations of Plume Dispersion in Urban Oklahoma City  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 3D computational fluid dynamics study using Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes modeling was conducted and validated with field data from the Joint Urban 2003 dispersion study in Oklahoma City. The modeled flow field indicated that the many short buildings in this domain had a relatively small effect on the flow field, while the few tall buildings drove the transport and dispersion

Julia E. Flaherty; David E. Stock; Brian K. Lamb

2007-01-01

413

Determinants of exposure to volatile organic compounds in four Oklahoma cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

To begin to develop generalized models for estimating personal exposure to ambient air pollutants within diverse populations, the design of the Oklahoma Urban Air Toxics Study incorporated eight dichotomous macroenvironmental and household factors that were hypothesized to be potential determinants of exposure. Personal, indoor, and outdoor samples of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were collected over 24-h monitoring periods in 42

Margaret L Phillips; Nurtan A Esmen; Thomas A Hall; Robert Lynch

2005-01-01

414

Preparing for armageddon: Citizen militias, the patriot movement and the Oklahoma city bombing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The devastating explosion in Oklahoma City on 19 April 1995 has drawn attention to the existence of citizen militias and the Patriot movement of which they are part. Opposed to gun control and taxation and strongly influenced by claims of concealed foreign troops, concentration camps and plans to impose a New World order, Patriots are the inheritors of a radical

Martin Durham

1996-01-01

415

Oklahoma City FILM Even Start Family Literacy Program Evaluation, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from the evaluation of the Oklahoma City Public Schools Even Start Program, also called the Family Intergenerational Literacy Model (FILM), now in its twelfth full year of operation. The evaluation focuses on the total population of adult students, preschoolers, adult graduates, and preschool graduates. The…

Richardson, Donna Castle; Shove, Joanie; Brickman, Sharon; Terrell, Sherry; Shields, Jane

416

Field applications of CORSIM: I-40 freeway design evaluation, Oklahoma City, OK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Simulation of traffic flow is an effective tool for evaluating alternative roadway designs, particularly in congested urban areas. CORSIM, a traffic simulation model with detailed representation of vehicles and their interactions, was used to study the performance of two alternatives for a freeway reconstruction project in Oklahoma City. The simulation identified problem areas in the two freeway design alternatives and

Gene Daigle; Michelle Thomas; Meenakshy Vasudevan

1998-01-01

417

Oklahoma City's killer tornadoes: how local hospitals responded to yet another extreme disaster.  

PubMed

On the evening of May 3rd, a group of high-powered tornadoes tore through Oklahoma--leaving more than 40 people dead and hundreds injured. The main twister formed about 45 miles south of Oklahoma City and was classified F5, the most severe type of tornado, with winds of more than 260 mph. It cut a path one mile wide; stayed on the ground for more than four hours; and, along with other twisters, demolished 60 miles of countryside. More than 7,000 homes were destroyed or damaged, and more than 5,000 families were left homeless. Oklahoma City was hit the hardest, with about 1,500 homes leveled in the storm. A total of 755 people were injured in Oklahoma City and the surrounding area, testing local hospital disaster plans to the maximum. The same hospitals had been called on in April 1995 to handle the over 500 persons injured in the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, a terrorist blast that killed 168. The hospitals' latest response to a disaster situation is recorded in this report. PMID:10621277

1999-09-01

418

Never Again Would We Be the Same: The Oklahoma City Bombing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A terrorist attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City showed the nation that no area of the country was free from the possibility of violence or terrorism. This author describes the day and the aftermath of the tragedy.

Kent Mathers

1996-01-01

419

64 FR 60683 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation, Plans Oklahoma; Visibility Protection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...6PD-L), at the EPA Region 6 Office listed below...appropriate office at least two working days in advance...the Oklahoma Visibility Protection Plan.'' The text of the...text of the 1985 Plan. The major difference in the plans...the State to visibility protection within the refuge boundary...subpart P, Visibility Protection. Section 8,......

1999-11-08

420

The Fiscal Impact of Tax-Credit Scholarships in Oklahoma. State Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study seeks to provide outcomes-based information on Oklahoma's proposal to give tax credits for contributing to organizations that provide scholarships to K-12 private schools. The study constructs a model to determine the fiscal impact of tax-credit scholarships on the state and on local school districts. The author estimates the impact…

Gottlob, Brian

2011-01-01

421

Serologic Survey of Oklahoma Rodents: Evidence for the Presence of a Hantavirus and an Arenavirus  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a statewide survey of Oklahoma small mammals to test for antibod- ies against rodent-borne viral diseases. Four rodent species had antibody to Sin Nombre virus (SNV), the primary causative agent of hantavirus pulmonary syn- drome (HPS), and two species had antibody to Whitewater Arroyo virus, an arenavirus associated with human fatalities. The rodent reservoirs for other HPS- causing

Richard A. Nisbett; Michael D. Stuart; Gloria M. Caddell; Charles H. Calisher

2001-01-01

422

Distribution and Availability of State and Areawide Water Quality Reports in Oklahoma Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the distribution and availability of water quality reports in the state of Oklahoma. Based on legislation from the Clean Water Act and regulations from the Environmental Protection Agency's "Public Participation Handbook for Water Quality Management," depository libraries must be established to provide citizen access to…

McClure, Charles R.; Million, Anne

423

Hyrogeology and Leachate Plume Delineation at a Closed Municipal Landfill, Norman, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The City of Norman operated a solid-waste municipal landfill at two sites in the Canadian River alluvium in Cleveland County, Oklahoma from 1970 to 1985. The sites, referred to as the west and east cells of the landfill, were originally excavations in the...

C. J. Becker

2002-01-01

424

Making Traditional Spaces: Cultural Compromise at Two-Spirit Gatherings in Oklahoma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ways in which men in the Green Country Two-Spirit Society of Oklahoma use the annual gathering to compensate for the lack of opportunities to express sexual identity and gender difference within mainstream Native cultural contexts is discussed. Two-spirit men have developed alternative communal spaces in which to express both their indigenous…

Gilley, Brian Joseph

2004-01-01

425

A Comparison of Needs Among Town Dwelling and Rural Elderly in South-Central Oklahoma 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1980 sample of 271 elderly (133 rural, 138 urban) in 3 south-central Oklahoma counties (Coal, Murray, and Pontotoc) was surveyed to see if: an economical tool could be devised to assess program effectiveness; professionals providing services to the elderly were influenced by, and influenced the opinions of, recipients in urban areas due to their…

Eckert, Mark S.

426

78 FR 54670 - Miami Tribe of Oklahoma-Liquor Control Ordinance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the laws promulgated under this Ordinance; that the entity or individual has never been convicted of violating any of the gambling laws of Oklahoma, or any other state of the United States, or of this or any other tribe; that he has not had,...

2013-09-05

427

Backtracking from Oklahoma to North Carolina: An Interview with Robert J. Conley.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An author of historical fiction about the Cherokee Indians discusses how stories told by his Cherokee grandmother were woven into his books, differences between Cherokee reservation life in Oklahoma and North Carolina, the Cherokee education system, the writing system that Sequoyah developed, and the "ugly realities" of being a full-time writer.…

Conley, Robert J.

2001-01-01

428

Indian Education in Eastern Oklahoma. A Report of Fieldwork Among the Cherokee. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A field study of Cherokee Indians in Eastern Oklahoma revealed the following information: (1) educators were ignorant of and indifferent to the language, values, and cultural traditions of the Tribal (rural) Cherokee; (2) the Tribal Cherokees were an impoverished people; (3) both adults and children were educationally disadvantaged; and (4) Tribal…

Wax, Murray L.; And Others

429

Seismicity of the Salt Areas of Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Kansas.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results of a seismicity study of the salt deposit areas of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana are presented. The study was conducted using some of the short-period seismic data recorded on film at the Wichita Mountain Observatory (WMSO), located in...

D. Racine P. Klouda

1980-01-01

430

Seismicity and Tectonic Relationships of the Nemaha Uplift in Oklahoma, Part IV.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A lineament map was prepared for north-central Oklahoma. The Nemaha Uplift project area contains 90 linear features derived from Landsat imagery. Of these, eight are high confident, 16 are confident and 66 are low confident. One high confident lineament t...

K. V. Luza J. E. Lawson

1981-01-01

431

Ethnic Identity and the Boarding School Experience of West-Central Oklahoma American Indians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book reports on a study of the perceptions of Oklahoma American Indians about their childhood experiences in government and church-sponsored boarding schools. Drawing on symbolic anthropology, the boarding school experience is interpreted to be a complex cultural symbol and symbolic process that contributes to group collectivity and belonging…

McBeth, Sally J.

432

Evaluation of Water Resources for Enhanced Oil Recovery Operations, Cement Field, Caddo and Grady Counties, Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is based on the results of an investigation of the water resources local to the Cement Oil Field in Caddo and Grady Counties, southwestern, Oklahoma. The intent of the report is to present at least a semi-quantitative estimate of the volume, d...

D. A. Preston W. E. Harrison K. V. Luza L. Prater R. J. Reddy

1982-01-01

433

A Survey of Nurse Training Needs in Oklahoma Health Care Institutions. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to identify staffing patterns for nursing personnel in the health care institutions of Oklahoma in order to predict future needs for nursing education and training. Structured interviews with administrators and directors of nursing from eighteen hospitals and eighteen nursing homes were used to elicit demographic data…

Frazier, William D.

434

Remagnetization by basinal fluids - Testing the hypothesis in the Viola Limestone, southern Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The widespread presence of late Paleozoic secondary magnetizations in the rocks of North America may be explained by the migration of orogenic or basinal fluids. The role of basinal fluids in leading to secondary magnetizations in the Ordovician Viola Limestone in southern Oklahoma is studied by evaluating the paleomagnetism and geochemistry of the unit. A pervasive Pennsylvanian synfolding magnetization is

R. D. Elmore; David London; Don Bagley; David Fruit; Guoqiu Gao

1993-01-01

435

The Evolution of an Oklahoma Dryline. Part I: A Meso and Subsynoptic-Scale Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study is made of the 8 June 1974 Oklahoma dryline and tornado outbreak case, using data synthesis 1) to fit existing concepts on dryline structure and behavior to this case, and 2) to identify processes contributing to moisture convergence along the dryline. The dryline undergoes a major transformation in structure (from sloped to slopeless) during the day, as implied

John McCarthy; Steven E. Koch

1982-01-01

436

Equivalent dose distribution analysis of Holocene eolian and fluvial quartz sands from Central Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Holocene quartz sands were collected from fluvial terrace deposits and eolian dune deposits adjacent to the North Canadian and Cimarron Rivers and their tributaries in Central Oklahoma. Single aliquot regenerative dose optically stimulated luminescence techniques were employed to generate equivalent dose (ED) distribution histograms for each sample. We hypothesize that the ED distributions are convolutions of the distribution arising from

Kenneth Lepper; Niels Agersnap Larsen; Stephen W. S McKeever

2000-01-01

437

Coping, Functioning, and Adjustment of Rescue Workers After the Oklahoma City Bombing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies have not previously considered postdisaster adjustment in the context of psychiatric disorders. After the Oklahoma City bombing, a volunteer sample of 181 firefighters who served as rescue and recovery workers was assessed with a structured diagnostic interview. The firefighters had relatively low rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and described little functional impairment, positive social adjustment, and high job

Carol S. North; Laura Tivis; J. Curtis McMillen; Betty Pfefferbaum; Jann Cox; Edward L. Spitznagel; Kenneth Bunch; John Schorr; Elizabeth M. Smith

2002-01-01

438

Succession in grasslands: Thirty-two years of change in a central Oklahoma tallgrass prairie  

Microsoft Academic Search

Old field succession in Oklahoma has been reported to involve four stages of development: pioncer weeds, annual grass, bunch grass, and mature prairie. This sequence has been the basis for a number of analyses of grassland structure and function, but has never been documented on a single site. We used multivariate techniques to study succession on three permanent plots with

S. L. Collins; D. E. Adams

1983-01-01

439

A CONTROL THEORY APPROACH TO OPTIMAL IRRIGATION SCHEDULING IN THE OKLAHOMA PANHANDLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climatic conditions in semiarid regions like MODEL DEVELOPMENT the Oklahoma Panhandle result in wide fluctuations in rainfall, dryland crop yields, Optimal control has gained acceptance by and returns to agricultural producers in the economists as a tool for deriving optimal time area. Irrigated crop production increases per- path strategies in solving dynamic economic acre yields and significantly reduces fluctua- problems.

Thomas R. Harris; Harry P. Mapp Jr.

1980-01-01

440

Missouri and Oklahoma: A Comparative Study of State Higher Education Policy and Political Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes the findings of a case study designed to determine if differences exist in the higher education planning and policy making process in Missouri and Oklahoma. A background and perspective section develops the definitions of key concepts relying on definitions from the work of Daniel Elazar. A section describing the study itself…

Freeman, C. Elaine

441

Deaths in the 3 May 1999 Oklahoma City Tornado from a Historical Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT The 3 May 1999 Oklahoma City tornado was the deadliest in the United States in over 20 years, with 36 direct fatalities. To understand how this event fits into the historical context, the record of tornado deaths in the United States has been examined. Almost 20 000 deaths have been reported associated with more,than 3600 tornadoes in the United

Harold E. Brooks; Charles A. Doswell III

2002-01-01

442

33 CFR 208.28 - Foss Dam and Reservoir, Washita River, Oklahoma.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...dam, will not produce flows in excess of bankfull on the Washita River downstream of the reservoir...accomplish this purpose, flows shall not exceed an 18...USGS gage on the Washita River near Clinton, Oklahoma...b) When the reservoir level exceeds elevation...

2009-07-01

443

The Charles J. Kappler ‘Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties’ Internet site at the Oklahoma State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indigenous nations and issues are a worldwide concern and a number of WWW resources that support multidisciplinary research in this area have been previously identified. The availability of such tools is a boon to cost-effective collection development.One of the previously selected electronic resources was the Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties Internet site at the Oklahoma State University. This commentary describes

Charles D. Bernholz; Suzanne L. Holcombe

2005-01-01

444

76 FR 23639 - Oklahoma Disaster #OK-00046 Declaration of Economic Injury  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of an Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration for the State of Oklahoma, dated 04/19/2011. Incident: Severe snow storms. Incident Period: 01/31/2011 through 02/05/2011. Effective Date: 04/19/2011. EIDL Loan...

2011-04-27

445

CHARACTERIZATION OF SUBSURFACE BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH TWO SHALLOW AQUIFERS IN OKLAHOMA  

EPA Science Inventory

The bacterial microflora of two shallow aquifers in Oklahoma was characterized by direct observation with light (LM) and electron microscopy (EM), by plating, and by examination of colony morphology and distribution. Total cell counts varied only slightly from sample to sample, w...

446

Hydrogeology, water use, and simulation of flow in the High Plains aquifer in northwestern Oklahoma, southeastern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, northeastern New Mexico, and northwestern Texas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Oklahoma Water Resources Board, began a three-year study of the High Plains aquifer in northwestern Oklahoma in 1996. The primary purpose of this study was to develop a ground-water flow model to provide the Water Board with the information it needs to manage the quantity of water withdrawn from the aquifer. The study area consists of about 7,100 square miles in Oklahoma and about 20,800 square miles in adjacent states to provide appropriate hydrologic boundaries for the flow model. The High Plains aquifer includes all sediments from the base of the Ogallala Formation to the potentiometric surface. The saturated thickness in Oklahoma ranges from more than 400 feet to less than 50 feet. Natural recharge to the aquifer from precipitation occurs throughout the area but is extremely variable. Dryland agricultural practices appear to enhance recharge from precipitation, and part of the water pumped for irrigation also recharges the aquifer. Natural discharge occurs as discharge to streams, evapotranspiration where the depth to water is shallow, and diffuse ground-water flow across the eastern boundary. Artificial discharge occurs as discharge to wells. Irrigation accounted for 96 percent of all use of water from the High Plains aquifer in the Oklahoma portion of the study area in 1992 and 93 percent in 1997. Total estimated water use in 1992 for the Oklahoma portion of the study area was 396,000 acre-feet and was about 3.2 million acre-feet for the entire study area. Since development of the aquifer, water levels have declined more than 100 feet in small areas of Texas County, Oklahoma, and more than 50 feet in areas of Cimarron County. Only a small area of Beaver County had declines of more than 10 feet, and Ellis County had rises of more than 10 feet. A flow model constructed using the MODFLOW computer code had 21,073 active cells in one layer and had a 6,000- foot grid in both the north-south and east-west directions. The model was used to simulate the period before major development of the aquifer and the period of development. The model was calibrated using observed conditions available as of 1998. The predevelopment-period model integrated data or estimates on the base of aquifer, hydraulic conductivity, streambed and drain conductances, and recharge from precipitation to calculate the predevelopment altitude of the water table, discharge to the rivers and streams, and other discharges. Hydraulic conductivity, recharge, and streambed conductance were varied during calibration so that the model produced a reasonable representation of the observed water table altitude and the estimated discharge to streams. Hydraulic conductivity was reduced in the area of salt dissolution in underlying Permianage rocks. Recharge from precipitation was estimated to be 4.0 percent of precipitation in greater recharge zones and 0.37 percent in lesser recharge zones. Within Oklahoma, the mean difference between water levels simulated by the model and measured water levels at 86 observation points is -2.8 feet, the mean absolute difference is 44.1 feet, and the root mean square difference is 52.0 feet. The simulated discharge is much larger than the estimated discharge for the Beaver River, is somewhat larger for Cimarron River and Wolf Creek, and is about the same for Crooked Creek. The development-period model added specific yield, pumpage, and recharge due to irrigation and dryland cultivation to simulate the period 1946 through 1997. During calibration, estimated specific yield was reduced by 15 percent in Oklahoma east of the Cimarron-Texas County line. Simulated recharge due to irrigation ranges from 24 percent for the 1940s and 1950s to 2 percent for the 1990s. Estimated recharge due to dryland cultivation is about 3.9 percent of precipitation. The mean difference between the simulated and observed waterlevel changes from predevelopment to 1998 at 162 observation points in

Luckey, Richard L.; Becker, Mark F.

1999-01-01

447

Thermal state of the Arkoma Basin and the Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the most fundamental physical processes that affects virtually all geologic phenomena in sedimentary basins is the flow of heat from the Earth's interiors. The Arkoma Basin and the Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma, are a prolific producer of both oil and natural gas. Both basins also have important geologic phenomena. Understanding the thermal state of the these basins is crucial to understanding the timing and extent of hydrocarbon generation, the genesis of Mississippi Valley-type ore deposits, and the origin of overpressures in the Anadarko Basin. In chapter one, heat flow and heat production in the Arkoma basin and Oklahoma Platform are discussed. Results of this study are not generally supportive of theories which invoke topographically driven regional groundwater flow from the Arkoma Basin in Late Pennsylvanian-Early Permian time (˜290 Ma) to explain the genesis of geologic phenomena. In chapter 2, different types of thermal conductivity temperature corrections that are commonly applied in terrestrial heat flow studies are evaluated. The invariance of the relative rankings with respect to rock porosity suggests the rankings may be valid with respect to in situ conditions. Chapter three addresses heat flow and thermal history of the Anadarko Basin and the western Oklahoma Platform. We found no evidence for heat flow to increase significantly from the Anadarko Basin in the south to the Oklahoma Platform to the north. In chapter four, overpressures in the Anadarko Basin, southwestern Oklahoma are discussed. Using scale analyses and a simple numerical model, we evaluated two endmember hypotheses (compaction disequilibrium and hydrocarbon generation) as possible causes of overpressuring. Geopressure models which invoke compaction disequilibrium do not appear to apply to the Anadarko Basin. The Anadarko Basin belongs to a group of cratonic basins which are tectonically quiescent and are characterized by the association of abnormal pressures with natural gas. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Lee, Youngmin

1999-12-01

448

Chemical analysis of water samples and geophysical logs from cored test holes drilled in the central Oklahoma Aquifer, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Chemical analyses of water from eight test holes and geophysical logs for nine test holes drilled in the Central Oklahoma aquifer are presented. The test holes were drilled to investigate local occurrences of potentially toxic, naturally occurring trace substances in ground water. These trace substances include arsenic, chromium, selenium, residual alpha-particle activities, and uranium. Eight of the nine test holes were drilled near wells known to contain large concentrations of one or more of the naturally occurring trace substances. One test hole was drilled in an area known to have only small concentrations of any of the naturally occurring trace substances. Water samples were collected from one to eight individual sandstone layers within each test hole. A total of 28 water samples, including four duplicate samples, were collected. The temperature, pH, specific conductance, alkalinity, and dissolved-oxygen concentrations were measured at the sample site. Laboratory determinations included major ions, nutrients, dissolved organic carbon, and trace elements (aluminum, arsenic, barium, beryllium, boron, cadmium, chromium, hexavalent chromium, cobalt, copper, iron, lead, lithium, manganese, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, selenium, silver, strontium, vanadium, and zinc). Radionuclide activities and stable isotope d values also were determined, including: gross-alpha-particle activity, gross-beta-particle activity, radium-226, radium-228, radon-222, uranium-234, uranium-235, uranium-238, total uranium, carbon-13/carbon-12, deuterium/hydrogen-1, oxygen-18/oxygen-16, and sulfur-34/sulfur-32. Additional analyses of arsenic and selenium species are presented for selected samples as well as analyses of density and iodine for two samples, tritium for three samples, and carbon-14 for one sample. Geophysical logs for most test holes include caliper, neutron, gamma-gamma, natural-gamma logs, spontaneous potential, long- and short-normal resistivity, and single-point resistance. Logs for test-hole NOTS 7 do not include long- and short-normal resistivity, spontaneous-potential, or single-point resistivity. Logs for test-hole NOTS 7A include only caliper and natural-gamma logs.

Schlottmann, Jamie L.; Funkhouser, Ron A.

1991-01-01

449

Fate and groundwater impacts of produced water releases at OSPER "B" site, Osage County, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

For the last 5 a, the authors have been investigating the transport, fate, natural attenuation and ecosystem impacts of inorganic and organic compounds in releases of produced water and associated hydrocarbons at the Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research (OSPER) "A" and "B" sites, located in NE Oklahoma. Approximately 1.0 ha of land at OSPER "B", located within the active Branstetter lease, is visibly affected by salt scarring, tree kills, soil salinization, and brine and petroleum contamination. Site "B" includes an active production tank battery and adjacent large brine pit, two injection well sites, one with an adjacent small pit, and an abandoned brine pit and tank battery site. Oil production in this lease started in 1938, and currently there are 10 wells that produce 0.2-0.5 m3/d (1-3 bbl/d) oil, and 8-16 m3/d (50-100 bbl/d) brine. Geochemical data from nearby oil wells show that the produced water source is a Na-Ca-Cl brine (???150,000 mg/L TDS), with high Mg, but low SO4 and dissolved organic concentrations. Groundwater impacts are being investigated by detailed chemical analyses of water from repeated sampling of 41 boreholes, 1-71 m deep. The most important results at OSPER "B" are: (1) significant amounts of produced water from the two active brine pits percolate into the surficial rocks and flow towards the adjacent Skiatook reservoir, but only minor amounts of liquid petroleum leave the brine pits; (2) produced-water brine and minor dissolved organics have penetrated the thick (3-7 m) shale and siltstone units resulting in the formation of three interconnected plumes of high-salinity water (5000-30,000 mg/L TDS) that extend towards the Skiatook reservoir from the two active and one abandoned brine pits; and (3) groundwater from the deep section of only one well, BR-01 located 330 m upslope and west of the site, appear not to be impacted by petroleum operations. ?? 2007.

Kharaka, Y. K.; Kakouros, E.; Thordsen, J. J.; Ambats, G.; Abbott, M. M.

2007-01-01

450

Stratigraphic sequence of transgressive barrier bar complex and model for hydrocarbon exploration, Red Fork sandstone, Wakita trend, Grant County, Oklahoma  

SciTech Connect

The Desmoinesian Red Fork sandstone (Boggy Formation, Krebs Group), on the northern shelf of the Anadarko basin, Oklahoma, represents a transgressive barrier bar system. The base of the Red Fork interval is marked by the Inola Limestone (Boggy Formation); the top is marked by the Tiawah (Pink) Limestone (Senora Formation, Cabaniss Group). Upper shoreface and foreshore deposits, in which porosity and permeability range from 8 to 18% and 0.03 to 9.7 md, respectively, produce significant amounts of oil and natural gas along the east-west Wakita trend. Effective porosity (mainly secondary dissolution porosity) is well developed in these deposits. Successful hydrocarbon exploration requires a solid understanding of the stratigraphic sequences and depositional environments within the barrier system. Cored sequences, from bottom to top, include: (1) Inola biomicrite, containing brachiopod, trilobite, and echinoderm fragments, and worm tubes (shallow marine); (2) black fossiliferous shale and nonfossiliferous variegated claystone (lagoonal. open marine); (3) coarsening upward sequences of fine to medium-grained sandstone showing low-angle (< 15/sup 0/) bidirectional cross-stratification and flat laminae (shoreface to foreshore); and, locally, (4) very fine-grained sandstone showing flaser and current-ripple laminae (sand flats). Enclosed in the inferred shoreface or foreshore deposits is a local, 1-ft-thick, flat-laminated, very fine-grained sandstone that may represent washover deposits. Lateral facies equivalents of the shoreface and foreshore deposits include ripple-laminated, very fine-grained sandstone, some of which is overlain by glauconitic siltstone and shale (back barrier or lower shoreface.).

O'Reilly, K.L.; Franks, P.C.

1986-05-01

451

An Overview of the Application of the Public Competitive Bidding Statutes to School Districts Within the State of Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief overview of legislation on school district competitive bidding in Oklahoma, the author presents a section-by-section discussion of portions of the Public Competitive Bidding Act of 1974. (IRT)

Tinney, Michael B.

452

Public Health Assessment for National Zinc Company, Bartlesville, Washington County, Oklahoma, Region 6. CERCLIS No. OKD000829440.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proposed National Zinc Company (NZC) National Priorities List (NPL) Site is located in the City of Bartlesville in Washington and Osage Counties, Oklahoma. Based on the available information, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR...

1995-01-01

453

76 FR 15290 - Foreign-Trade Zone 106-Oklahoma City, OK Application for Reorganization/Expansion Under...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board [Docket 20-2011] Foreign-Trade Zone 106--Oklahoma City, OK Application for Reorganization/Expansion Under Alternative Site Framework An application has been submitted to the...

2011-03-21

454

Gaseous Oxidized Mercury Dry Deposition Measurements in Southwestern USA: Comparison between texas, Eastern Oklahoma, and the Four Corners Area  

EPA Science Inventory

Gaseous oxidized mercury (GOM) dry deposition measurements using aerodynamic surrogate surface passive samplers were collected in central and eastern Texas and eastern Oklahoma, from September 2011 to September 2012.The purpose of this study was to provide an initial characteriza...

455

Oklahoma Marriage Initiative: Using Research to Guide the Development of an Evolving Statewide Initiative. ASPE Research Brief.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As a pioneer in broad-based marriage initiatives, the Oklahoma Marriage Initiative (OMI) has charted new territory. Recognizing that there was little prior information to guide implementation designs and strategies for pursuing its goals, OMI planners enl...

2008-01-01

456

Records of ground-water levels and effects of pumping in the Ardmore well-field area, Carter County, Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The purpose of this report is to outline the results of work done by the U.S. Geological Survey in the Ardmore well-field area, near Newport, Carter County. The work, completed in two periods between April 1964 and June 1965, was done as part of the ground-water program carried out by the Geological Survey in cooperation with the Oklahoma Water Resources Board. The study in the report area included: (1) a physical inventory of wells in the vicinity of the Ardmore well field (fig. 1); (2) information on depths, perforated intervals, ground-water levels, and water use (table 1); (3) records of water-level fluctuations in deep and shallow wells (table 2) to determine if there is a hydraulic connection between the deep zones tapped by Ardmore's wells and the shallow and intermediate zones tapped by domestic and stock wells in the surrounding area; and (4) general information on the geologic and hydrologic features that may be of use in evaluating the ground-water potential of the Wichita Formation, the principal aquifer in the area. (available as photostat copy only)

Wood, P. R.

1965-01-01

457

Three-Dimensional EarthVision Modeling for Ground-Water Resource Applications: Arbuckle-Simpson Aquifer, Southern Oklahoma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer in southern Oklahoma encompasses more than 500 square miles and is the primary source of water in the area. The subsurface hydrogeologic framework of this structurally complex carbonate aquifer was unresolved until now because of the complex geology of the aquifer's confining rock units with stratigraphic unit thicknesses from 60 to 1200 m and fault displacements over 2000 m. Three- dimensional analyses of geologic surface and subsurface data have led to the construction of a 3-D EarthVision (EV) geologic framework model that characterizes the lateral continuity of water-bearing rock units across fault zones. The geologic modeling was planned in collaboration with ongoing USGS MODFLOW modeling efforts supported by the Oklahoma State-funded Arbuckle-Simpson Hydrology Study. Although traditional ground-water reservoir characterization techniques were used in the construction of the 3-D EV model, which included the integration of outcrop geology and stratigraphic elevations from more than 300 water and petroleum wells, new geophysical data were also integrated into the model. Despite limited funding for acquisition of basin-wide subsurface data, such as 3-D seismic or deep-hole control wells and cores, new methods of compiling and assimilating multiple data sources into a workable database are demonstrated in this study. The Arbuckle-Simpson 3-D EV model depicts more than 50 principal and intermediate faults and stratigraphic tops (td's) for the following units: Precambrian basement, Arbuckle Group, Simpson Group (Bromide Formation), and overlying units (undivided). To support the subsurface data, existing seismic and gravity data and recently acquired electromagnetic survey data were incorporated into the stratigraphic elevation datasets. Electromagnetic data acquired from a helicopter geophysical survey was used to identify shallow faults that have no recognizable surface expression. Electrical resistivity imaging was conducted across some major fault zones to help accurately locate the fault traces and determine the degree of dip in the subsurface. Gravity surveys were conducted to identify subsurface faults and the depth to Precambrian basement, both of which helped to constrain the volumetric extent of the water-bearing rock units. The resulting framework model represents the first depiction of the volumetric and lateral extent of the aquifer. The faulted geologic layers have also been discretized using a domain with 200x200 meter-node spacing and successfully integrated into the Arbuckle-Simpson Hydrology Study's multi-layer MODFLOW ground-water model.

Faith, J. R.; Blome, C. D.

2008-12-01

458

Nocturnal Low-Level-Jet-Dominated Atmospheric Boundary Layer Observed by a Doppler Lidar over Oklahoma City during JU2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boundary layer wind data observed by a Doppler lidar and sonic anemometers during the mornings of three intensive observational periods (IOP2, IOP3, and IOP7) of the Joint Urban 2003 (JU2003) field experiment are analyzed to extract the mean and turbulent characteristics of airflow over Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. A strong nocturnal low-level jet (LLJ) dominated the flow in the boundary layer

Yansen Wang; Cheryl L. Klipp; Dennis M. Garvey; David A. Ligon; Chatt C. Williamson; Sam S. Chang; Rob K. Newsom; Ronald Calhoun

2007-01-01

459

Evaluation and trends of land cover, streamflow, and water quality in the North Canadian River Basin near Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1968–2009  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the city of Oklahoma City, collected water-quality samples from the North Canadian River at the streamflow-gaging station near Harrah, Oklahoma (Harrah station), since 1968, and at an upstream streamflow-gaging station at Britton Road at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (Britton Road station), since 1988. Statistical summaries and frequencies of detection of water-quality constituent data from water samples, and summaries of water-quality constituent data from continuous water-quality monitors are described from the start of monitoring at those stations through 2009. Differences in concentrations between stations and time trends for selected constituents were evaluated to determine the effects of: (1) wastewater effluent discharges, (2) changes in land-cover, (3) changes in streamflow, (4) increases in urban development, and (5) other anthropogenic sources of contamination on water quality in the North Canadian River downstream from Oklahoma City. Land-cover changes between 1992 and 2001 in the basin between the Harrah station and Lake Overholser upstream included an increase in developed/barren land-cover and a decrease in pasture/hay land cover. There were no significant trends in median and greater streamflows at either streamflow-gaging station, but there were significant downward trends in lesser streamflows, especially after 1999, which may have been associated with decreases in precipitation between 1999 and 2009 or construction of low-water dams on the river upstream from Oklahoma City in 1999. Concentrations of dissolved chloride, lead, cadmium, and chlordane most frequently exceeded the Criterion Continuous Concentration (a water-quality standard for protection of aquatic life) in water-quality samples collected at both streamflow-gaging stations. Visual trends in annual frequencies of detection were investigated for selected pesticides with frequencies of detection greater than 10 percent in all water samples collected at both streamflow-gaging stations. Annual frequencies of detection of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and bromacil increased with time. Annual frequencies of detection of atrazine, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, dichlorprop, and lindane decreased with time. Dissolved nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations were significantly greater in water samples collected at the Harrah station than at the Britton Road station, whereas specific conductance was greater at the Britton Road station. Concentrations of dissolved oxygen, biochemical oxygen demand, and fecal coliform bacteria were not significantly different between stations. Daily minimum, mean, and maximum specific conductance collected from continuous water-quality monitors were significantly greater at the Britton Road station than in water samples collected at the Harrah station. Daily minimum, maximum, and diurnal fluctuations of water temperature collected from continuous water-quality monitors were significantly greater at the Harrah station than at the Britton Road station. The daily maximums and diurnal range of dissolved oxygen concentrations were significantly greater in water samples collected at the Britton Road station than at the Harrah station, but daily mean dissolved oxygen concentrations in water at those streamflow-gaging stations were not significantly different. Daily mean and diurnal water temperature ranges increased with time at the Britton Road and Harrah streamflow-gaging stations, whereas daily mean and diurnal specific conductance ranges decreased with time at both streamflow-gaging stations from 1988–2009. Daily minimum dissolved oxygen concentrations collected from continuous water-quality monitors more frequently indicated hypoxic conditions at the Harrah station than at the Britton Road station after 1999. Fecal coliform bacteria counts in water decreased slightly from 1988–2009 at the Britton Road station. The Seasonal Kendall's tau test indicated significant downward trends in

Esralew, Rachel A.; Andrews, William J.; Smith, S. Jerrod

2011-01-01

460

Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the alluvial and terrace deposits along the Cimarron River from Freedom to Guthrie in northwestern Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

ARC/INFO export and nonproprietary format files This diskette contains digitized aquifer boundaries, maps of hydraulic conductivity, recharge, and ground-water level elevation contours for the alluvial and terrace deposits along the Cimarron River from Freedom to Guthrie in northwestern Oklahoma. Ground water in 1,305 square miles of Quaternary-age alluvial and terrace deposits along the the Cimarron River from Freedom to Guthrie is an important source of water for irrigation, industrial, municipal, stock, and domestic supplies. Alluvial and terrace deposits are composed of interfingering lenses of clay, sandy clay, and cross-bedded poorly sorted sand and gravel. The aquifer is composed of hydraulically connected alluvial and terrace deposits that unconformably overlie the Permian-age Formations. The aquifer boundaries are from a ground-water modeling report on the alluvial and terrace aquifer along the Cimarron River from Freedom to Guthrie in northwestern Oklahoma and published digital surficial geology data sets. The aquifer boundary data set was created from digital geologic data sets from maps published at a scale of 1:250,000. The hydraulic conductivity values, recharge rates, and ground-water level elevation contours are from the ground-water modeling report. Water-level elevation contours were digitized from a map at a scale of 1:250,000. The maps were published at a scale of 1:900,000. Ground-water flow models are numerical representations that simplify and aggregate natural systems. Models are not unique; different combinations of aquifer characteristics may produce similar results. Therefore, values of hydraulic conductivity and recharge used in the model and presented in this data set are not precise, but are within a reasonable range when compared to independently collected data.

Adams, G. P.; Runkle, Donna; Rea, Alan; Cederstrand, J. R.

1997-01-01

461

Ground-water records for eastern Oklahoma, Part 2; water-quality records for wells, test-holes, and springs  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U. S. Geological Survey has collected data on Oklahoma's ground-water resources since 1934. Most of these data were collected as part of specific ground-water studies conducted in cooperation with various Federal, State, and local agencies. Data on construction, yield, water levels, and other physical well parameters are given in 'Ground-Water Records for Northeastern Oklahoma, Part 1 - Records of Wells, Test Holes, and Springs' and in 'Ground-Water Records for Southeastern Oklahoma, Part 1 - Records of Wells, Test Holes, and Springs.' These reports are available from the U.S. Department of the Interior, Geological Survey, Rm. 621, 201 N.W. Third, Oklahoma City, OK 73102. Although some water-quality data for wells, test-holes, and springs have been published, they are scattered through a variety of reports and are not readily available on a regional basis. Furthermore, a considerable amount of data have never been published and can be obtained only from the files of the Geological Survey. The purpose of this report is to make available both published and unpublished water-quality records for approximately 1,740 wells, test-holes, and springs in 23 counties in northeastern Oklahoma and 16 counties in southeastern Oklahoma. Acknowledgment is extended to the many hundreds of individuals who have provided the data compiled in this report.

Havens, John S.

1978-01-01

462

Water resources data, Oklahoma, water year 2004; Volume 2. Red River basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Volumes 1 and 2 of the water resources data for the 2004 water year for Oklahoma consists of record of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage, contents, and water quality of lakes or reservoirs; and water levels of ground-water wells. This report contains discharge records for 138 gaging stations; stage and contents for 18 lakes or reservoirs and 2 gage height stations; water quality for 55 gaging stations; 38 partial-record or miscellaneous streamflow stations and 4 ground-water sites. Also included are lists of discontinued surface-water discharge and water-quality sites. These data represent that part of the National Water Data System collected by the U.S. Geological Survey and cooperating State and Federal agencies in Oklahoma.

Blazs, R. L.; Walters, D. M.; Coffey, T. E.; Boyle, D. L.; Wellman, J. J.

2004-01-01

463

Water resources data, Oklahoma, water year 2004;Volume 1. Arkansas River basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Volumes 1 and 2 of the water resources data for the 2004 water year for Oklahoma consists of record of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage, contents, and water quality of lakes or reservoirs; and water levels of ground-water wells. This report contains discharge records for 138 gaging stations; stage and contents for 18 lakes or reservoirs and 2 gage height stations; water quality for 55 gaging stations; 38 partial-record or miscellaneous streamflow stations and 4 ground-water sites. Also included are lists of discontinued surface-water discharge and water-quality sites. These data represent that part of the National Water Data System collected by the U.S. Geological Survey and cooperating State and Federal agencies in Oklahoma.

Blazs, R. L.; Walters, D. M.; Coffey, T. E.; Boyle, D. L.; Wellman, J. J.

2004-01-01

464

Water resources data, Oklahoma, water year 2003; Volume 1. Arkansas River basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Volumes 1 and 2 of the water resources data for the 2003 water year for Oklahoma consists of record of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams; stage, contents, and water quality of lakes or reservoirs; and water levels of ground-water wells. This report contains discharge records for 139 gaging stations; stage and contents for 17 lakes or reservoirs and 2 gage height stations; water quality for 46 gaging stations; 32 partial-record or miscellaneous streamflow stations and 5 ground-water sites. Also included are lists of discontinued surface-water discharge and water-quality sites. These data represent that part of the National Water Data System collected by the U.S. Geological Survey and cooperating State and Federal agencies in Oklahoma.

Blazs, R. L.; Walters, D. M.; Coffey, T. E.; Boyle, D. L.; Wellman, J. J.

2004-01-01

465

Changes in chemical quality of the Arkansas River in Oklahoma and Arkansas (1946-52)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Systematic chemical quality-of-water investigations have been carried on in both Oklahoma and Arkansas by the Geological Survey in cooperation with State and Federal agencies during the past several years. Results of the Survey's quality-of-water investigations are usually published in the annual Water-Supply Papers. However, as the Geological Survey has made no sediment investigations in the Arkansas River Basin in Oklahoma and Arkansas, the published data do not include information on sediment concentrations or loads. This report attempts to summarize information collected to date in the Arkansas River Basin of the two States, and to show as clearly as possible from present information how the chemical quality of water in the Arkansas River changes downstream from the Oklahoma-Kansas State line to its confluence with the Mississippi River, and how it is affected by tributary inflows. Additional information is being collected and further studies are planned. Hence, the conclusions reached herein may be modified by more adequate information at a later date. The Arkansas River enters Oklahoma near Newkirk on the northern boundary just east of the 97th meridian, crosses the State in a general southeasterly direction flowing past Tulsa, enters Arkansas at its western boundary north of the 35th parallel near Fort Smith, still flowing in a general southeasterly direction past Little Rock near the center of the State, and empties into the Mississippi River east of Dumas. The Arkansas River is subject to many types of pollution downstream from the Oklahoma-Kansas State line, and its inferior quality along with an erratic flow pattern has caused it to be largely abandoned as a source of municipal and industrial water supply. At the present time, the Arkansas River is not directly used as a source of public supply in any part of the basin in either Oklahoma or Arkansas. In general, the river water increases in chemical concentration downstream from the Oklahoma-Kansas State line to Tulsa, due mainly to tributary inflow from the Salt Fork Arkansas River and the Cimarron River, both streams being sources of large amounts of both natural and artificial pollution. A decrease in chemical concentration is noted downstream from Tulsa due to tributary inflow from the Verdigris, Neosho, and Illinois rivers with an increase in chemical concentration then noted due to tributary inflow from the Canadian River which is largely artificial pollution. A steady decrease in concentration is then noted as the river progresses through Arkansas to the Mississippi River, as all major tributaries below the Canadian River have a dilution effect upon the chemical concentration of the Arkansas River water. Proposals for storage and regulating reservoirs on the Arkansas River in both Oklahoma and Arkansas have been made by the Corps of Engineers and others. Additional proposals are being considered in the present Arkansas-White-Red River Basin Inter-Agency Committee studies. If constructed, these reservoirs will provide an opportunity for control of flow and beneficial use of Arkansas River water, both at and downstream from these sites. Impoundment alone will greatly reduce the extremes in water quality, and by reasonable control of municipal and industrial wastes, the water would be comparable in quality to many existing basin municipal and industrial supplies. (available as photostat copy only)

Dover, T. B.; Geurin, J. W.

1953-01-01

466

Altitude and configuration of the 1980 water table in the High Plains regional aquifer, northwestern Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

During 1978, the U.S. Geological Survey began a 5-year study of the High Plains regional aquifer system to provide hydrologic information for evaluation of the effects of long-term development of the aquifer and to develop computer models for prediction of aquifer response to alternative changes in ground-water management (Weeks, 1978). This report is one of a series presenting hydrologic information of the High Plains aquifer in Oklahoma. The altitude and configuration of the water table are shown for the eastern area, consisting of Harper, Ellis, Woodward, Dewey, and Roger Mills Counties (sheet 1), and for the Panhandle area, consisting of Cimarron, Texas, and Beaver Counties (sheet 2). Water levels were measured in January, February, and March 1980 by the Oklahoma Water Resources Board.

Havens, John S.

1982-01-01

467

Oil and gas developments in Oklahoma and Panhandle of Texas in 1987  

SciTech Connect

Exploration in 1987 focused on development and extension of existing fields, with development wells out-numbering exploratory wells 13 to 1. Operators completed 4.3% more exploratory wells and 25.7% fewer development wells than in 1986. The success rate for exploratory wells increased 7.7%; the success rate for development wells remained constant. The Cherokee shelf was the most active trend, with 53 exploratory wells completed in 1987. The dominant plays were the Atoka, Morrow, Springer, and Marchand in the Anadarko basin; the Misener in Grant County, Oklahoma, on the Sedgwick shelf; the Viola in the Golden Trend along the Pauls Valley uplift; and the Wapanucka, Cromwell, and Atoka in the Arkoma basin. Nineteen eight-seven was a year of major sales and acquisition of Oklahoma and Panhandle of Texas reserves and leases with more than 20 companies buying or selling out. 3 figs., 4 tabs.

Fryklund, R.E.

1988-10-01

468

Seismicity of the salt areas of Texas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Kansas  

SciTech Connect

The results of a seismicity study of the salt deposit areas of Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas and Louisiana are presented. The study was conducted using some of the short-period seismic data recorded on film at the Wichita Mountain Observatory (WMSO), located in southern Oklahoma, during the years 1961 through 1968. Only data recorded on Sundays were analyzed to minimize the confusion of quarry blasts. All major quarries within 400 km of WMSO were located and some of the known blasts were studied for distinguishing characteristics. Inquiries were made to the appropriate state agencies for data to produce a list of historical seismic events which occurred during the 1961 to 1968 period. A salt deposit composite map of the areas was also produced and all historical and previously unreported events, as well as the known quarries, were plotted on this base map.

Racine, D.; Klouda, P.

1980-02-01

469

Climatic impacts on winter wheat in Oklahoma and potential applications to climatic and crop yield prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climatic anomalies can pose severe challenges for farmers and resource managers. This is particularly significant with respect\\u000a to gradually developing anomalies such as droughts. The impact of the 1995–1996 drought on the Oklahoma wheat crop, and the\\u000a possibility that predictive information might have reduced some of the losses, is examined through a combined modeling approach\\u000a using climatological data and a

J. Scott Greene; Erin Maxwell

2007-01-01

470

Overlooked hole' found. [A meteorite crater in the Oklahoma oil field  

SciTech Connect

This paper briefly discusses a geologic structure in Oklahoma known as the Ames hole.' The origin of this hole' has been considered everything from a tectonic graben structure to a collapsed sinkhole structure. However, recent three-dimensional profiles tend to support a meteorite impact structure. The possible timing and effects of this impact are discussed. The paper goes on to determine the exploration potential of such a fractured reservoir and gives the results of recently successful wildcat wells in the area.

Shirley, K.

1992-05-01

471

Diagnosing Meteorological Conditions Associated with Sprites and Lightning with Large Charge Moment Changes (CMC) over Oklahoma  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sprites are a category of Transient Luminous Events (TLEs) that occur in the upper atmosphere above the tops of Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCSs). They are commonly associated with lightning that produce large charge moment changes (CMCs). Synergistic use of satellite and radar-retrieved observations together with sounding data, forecasts, and lightning-detection networks allowed the diagnosis and analysis of the meteorological conditions associated with sprites as well as large-CMC lightning over Oklahoma.

Flores-Rivera, Lizxandra; Lang, Timothy J.

2014-01-01

472

Evidence of paleokarstic phenomena and burial diagenesis in Ordovician Arbuckle group of Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cores from various localities in south-central and north-central Oklahoma display surprisingly similar suites of karstic and diagenetic phenomena. Vadose dissolution tubes, solution-enlarged fractures, collapse breccias, and vugular porosity, where present are considered evidence of karstification. Primary speleothemic precipitates were not readily observed; either they were not present or were obscured by later hydrothermal dolomitization. A complex history of exposure and

M. Lynch; Z. Al-Shaieb

1989-01-01

473

Archaeal Diversity at the Great Salt Plains of Oklahoma Described by Cultivation and Molecular Analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Great Salt Plains of Oklahoma is a natural inland terrestrial hypersaline environment that forms evaporite crusts of mainly\\u000a NaCl. Previous work described the bacterial community through the characterization of 105 isolates from 46 phylotypes. The\\u000a current report describes the archaeal community through both microbial isolation and culture-independent techniques. Nineteen\\u000a distinct archaea were isolated, and ten were characterized phenetically. Included

T. M. Caton; I. R. Caton; L. R. Witte; M. A. Schneegurt

2009-01-01

474

Ground-water levels in observation wells in Oklahoma, 1961-62  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The investigation of the ground-water resources of Oklahoma by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the Oklahoma Water Resources Board includes a continuing program to collect records of water levels in selected observation wells on a systematic basis. These water-level records: (1) provide an index to available ground-water supplies; (2) facilitate the prediction of trends in water levels that will indicate likely changes in storage; (3) aid in the prediction of the base flow of streams; (4) provide information for use in basic research; and (5) provide long-time continuous records of fluctuations of water levels in representative wells; and (6) serve as a framework to which other types of hydrologic data my be related. Prior to 1956, measurements of water levels in observation wells in Oklahoma were included in water-supply papers published annually by the U.S. Geological Survey. Beginning with the 1956 calendar year, however, Geological Survey water-level reports will contain only records of a selected network of observation wells, and will be published at 5-year intervals. The first of this series, for the 1956-59 period was published in 1962. This report has been prepared primarily to present water-level records of wells not included in the Federal network. However, for the sake of completeness it includes water-level records of Federal wells that either have been or will be published in water-supply papers since 1955. This report, which contains water-level records for the 2-year period (1960-62), is the second of a series presenting water-level records for all permanent observations wells in Oklahoma. The first report, published in 1963, contains water-level records for the 5-year period of (1956-60). (available as photostat copy only)

Wood, P. R.; Moeller, M. D.

1964-01-01

475

Determination of reserves of methane from coal beds for use in rural communities in eastern Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coal-bed methane has been classified as an unconventional source of gas by the U.S. Congress, and it has no Federal price limit. Thus, it is attracting considerable interest concerning its reserves, potential recovery, and use. Previous work in Oklahoma showed that approx. 1.3 tcf of identified coal-bed-methane resources is present in Haskell and Le Flore counties. Thus, the present study

1981-01-01

476

Heat flow and thermal history of the Anadarko Basin and the western Oklahoma Platform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The average geothermal gradient in the Anadarko Basin and the Oklahoma Platform estimated from 856 corrected bottom-hole temperatures (BHTs) is 21°C\\/km. Analysis of previously published thermal maturation data indicates that the Anadarko Basin has undergone from 1 to 3 km of erosion starting about 40 to 50 Ma. The average thermal gradient at the time of maximum burial was in

Youngmin Lee; David Deming

1999-01-01

477

HAEMOPROTEUS AND LEUCOCYTOZOON INFECTIONS IN BIRDS OF THE OKLAHOMA CITY ZOO  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRA(:T: A total of 222 birds, captive or free-flying in the Oklahoma City Zoo, were examined for blood parasites; 31 (14%) harbored Haenzoproteus and\\/or Leucocytozoon. While 21% of the indigenous avifauna were infected, only 891 of the exotic bird species harbored haemoproteids and these parasites were also exotic to North America. There was no evidence to indicate that exotic infections

Nancy Halpern; Gordon F. Bennett

478

Measurement of soil moisture trends with airborne scatterometers. [Guymon, Oklahoma and Dalhart, Texas  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In an effort to investigate aircraft multisensor responses to soil moisture and vegetation in agricultural fields, an intensive ground sampling program was conducted in Guymon, Oklahoma and Dalhart, Texas in conjunction with aircraft data collected for visible/infrared and passive and active microwave systems. Field selections, sampling techniques, data processing, and the aircraft schedule are discussed for both sites. Field notes are included along with final (normalized and corrected) data sets.

Jones, C. L.; Mcfarland, M. J.; Rosethal, W. D.; Theis, S. W. (principal investigators)

1982-01-01

479

Geology, petrology and reservoir characteristics of Marchand sandstone in Grady and Caddo counties, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marchand Sandstone (Pennsylvanian-Missourian) oil production was discovered in 1967 at NE. Verden, T8N, R8W, Grady County, Oklahoma. The fields are on the E. flank of the E. end of the deep Anadarko Basin. At the end of May 1971, 74 producing wells had been completed on 160-acre spacing in a producing trend extending over 15 miles from just west of

Tom Graff

1971-01-01

480

Relationship of cliff swallows, ectoparasites, and an Alphavirus in west-central Oklahoma.  

PubMed

Approximately 250 isolates of a newly recognized virus, related to western equine encephalitis virus (family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus), were obtained from cimicid bugs, Oeciacus vicarius; Cliff Swallows, Hirundo pyrrhonata; and House Sparrows, Passer domesticus in a study area in west-central Oklahoma at Buggy Creek and Caddo Canyons. Antigenicity of the virus strains varied slightly from isolate to isolate. This paper summarizes the ecology of the area by describing in general the flora and fauna there. PMID:8381870

Hopla, C E; Francy, D B; Calisher, C H; Lazuick, J S

1993-01-01

481

Analysis and modeling of spatial correlation structure in small-scale rainfall in Central Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial correlation structure in small-scale rainfall is analyzed based on a dense cluster of raingauges in Central Oklahoma. This cluster, called the EVAC PicoNet, consists of 53 gauges installed in 25 measurement stations covering an area of about 3km by 3km. Two raingauges are placed in 24 stations and five in the central station. Three aspects of the estimated spatial

Grzegorz J. Ciach; Witold F. Krajewski

2006-01-01

482

Seasonal distribution of pathogenic free-living amebae in Oklahoma waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pathogenic free-living amebae cause serious human disease, including infection of the eye and the central nervous system. The purpose of this study was to sample aquatic environments in the Tulsa, Oklahoma, area year-round for the presence of these disease-causing amebae. A total of 34 pathogenic isolates were obtained from 2,016 processed water and swab samples. Pathogenicity was determined by the

David T. John; Marsha J. Howard

1995-01-01

483

Post-Disaster Stress Following the Oklahoma City BombingAn Examination of Three Community Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a study of 472 community members to determine the nature and course of the post-disaster response to the April 19, 1995, bombing in Oklahoma City. It was hypothesized that an individual's post-disaster reaction would resemble a linear function of the degree of exposure experienced, and that this dose-response relationship could be used to differentiate the expression of

GINNY SPRANG

1999-01-01

484

Analysis of Video Disdrometer and Polarimetric Radar Data to Characterize Rain Microphysics in Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, data from three 2-dimensional video disdrometers (2DVDs) and an S-band polarimetric radar are used to characterize rain microphysics in Oklahoma. Sampling errors from the 2DVD measure- ments are quantified through side-by-side comparisons. In an attempt to minimize the sampling errors, a method of sorting and averaging based on two parameters (SATP) is proposed. The shape-slope (-) relation

Qing Cao; Guifu Zhang; Edward Brandes; Terry Schuur; Alexander Ryzhkov; Kyoko Ikeda

2008-01-01

485

Observed winds, turbulence, and dispersion in built-up downtown areas of Oklahoma City and Manhattan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind and tracer data from the Oklahoma City Joint Urban 2003 (JU2003) and the Manhattan Madison Square Garden 2005 (MSG05)\\u000a urban field experiments are being analyzed to aid in understanding air flow and dispersion near street-level in built-up downtown\\u000a areas. The mean winds are separately calculated for groups of anemometers having similar exposures such as “near street level”\\u000a and “on

Steven Hanna; John White; Ying Zhou

2007-01-01

486

Correlation of spring spore concentrations and meteorological conditions in Tulsa, Oklahoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different spore types are abundant in the atmosphere depending on the weather conditions. Ascospores generally follow precipitation,\\u000a while spore types such as Alternaria and Cladosporium are abundant in dry conditions. This project attempted to correlate fungal spore concentrations with meteorological data\\u000a from Tulsa, Oklahoma during May 1998 and May 1999. Air samples were collected and analyzed by the 12-traverse method.

C. Troutt; E. Levetin

2001-01-01

487

Digital data sets of depth-duration frequency of precipitation for Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

These geospatial data sets were produced as part of a regional precipitation frequency analysis for Oklahoma. The data sets consist of surface grids of precipitation depths for seven frequencies (expressed as recurrence intervals of 2-, 5-, 10-, 25-, 50-, 100-, and 500-years) and 12 durations (15-, 30-, and 60-minutes; 1-, 2-, 3-, 6-, 12-, and 24-hours; and 1-, 3-, and 7-days). Eighty-four depth-duration-frequency surfaces were produced from precipitation-station data. Precipitation-station data from which the surfaces were interpolated and contour lines derived from each surface also are included. Contour intervals vary from 0.05 to 0.5 inch. Data were used from precipitation gage stations with at least 10 years of record within Oklahoma and a zone extending about 50 kilometers into bordering states. Three different rain gage networks provided the data (15-minute, 1-hour, and 1-day). Precipitation annual maxima (depths) were determined from the station data for each duration for 110 15-minute, 141 hourly, and 413 daily stations. Statistical methods were used to estimate precipitation depths for each duration-frequency at each station. These station depth-duration-frequency estimates were interpolated to produce continuous grids with grid-cell spacing of 2,000 meters. Contour lines derived from these surfaces (grids) were used to produce the maps in the 'Depth-Duration Frequency of Precipitation for Oklahoma,' by R.L. Tortorelli, Alan Rea, and W.H. Asquith, U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 99-4232. The geospatial data sets are presented in digital form for use with geographic information systems. These geospatial data sets may be used to determine an interpolated value of depth-duration-frequency of precipitation for any point in Oklahoma.

Rea, Alan; Tortorelli, Robert L.

1999-01-01

488

Digital data sets that describe aquifer characteristics of the Tillman terrace and alluvial aquifer in southwestern Oklahoma  

USGS Publications Warehouse

ARC/INFO export and nonproprietary format files This diskette contains digitized aquifer boundaries and maps of hydraulic conductivity, recharge, and ground-water level elevation contours for the Tillman terrace and alluvial aquifer in southwestern Oklahoma. The Tillman terrace aquifer encompasses the unconsolidated terrace deposits and alluvium associated with the North Fork of the Red River and the Red River in the western half of Tillman County. These sediments consist of discontinuous layers of clay, sandy clay, sand, and gravel. The aquifer extends over an area of 285 square miles and is used for irrigation and domestic purposes. Granite and the Hennessey Formation outcrop in northern parts of the aquifer where alluvial deposits are absent. These outcrops were included as part of the aquifer in a thesis that modeled the ground-water flow in the aquifer. Most of the aquifer bo