Sample records for hydraulic turbine generator

  1. Hydraulic turbines for electric power generation. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the design, construction and applications of hydraulic turbines used for electric power generation. Erosion, corrosion, fatigue cracking, cavitation and runners in hydraulic turbines are discussed. Performance evaluations for design innovations of hydraulic turbomachinery for underground pumped hydroelectric storage of regulated and unregulated turbines as well as vibration analysis of hydro units in hydroelectric power plants are included. (Contains a minimum of 142 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  2. Maintaining electro-hydraulic-control (EHC) systems for turbine generators using phosphate ester EHC fluid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. R. Crane

    1993-01-01

    The reliability of electro-hydraulic-controlled (EHC) turbine generators can be increased by properly maintaining the hydraulic system and fluid. With increasing cost of production downtime and energy, the demand for reliable turbine generator operation becomes more prevalent year after year. The author describes the necessary requirements for maintaining the electrohydraulic system through proper care of the phosphate ester fluid. In addition,

  3. Design of an optimal robust governor for hydraulic turbine generating units

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jin Jiang

    1995-01-01

    Design and analysis of a hydraulic turbine generator governor using optimal robust control methodology are presented. The approach is unique in the sense that the nonlinear characteristics of the turbine are first modelled as multiplicative uncertainties; and an optimal robust governor is designed by taking into account such uncertainties explicitly. The advantage of this approach is that the designed governor

  4. Hydraulic turbines for electric power generation. January 1970-February 1981 (citations from the NTIS data base). Report for January 1970-February 1981. [41 citations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-02-01

    This bibliography covers information on studies, design, construction, and applications of hydraulic turbines used for electric power generation and water pumping. Topics include erosion, corrosion, fatigue cracking, cavitation, and runners in hydraulic turbines. (Contains 41 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

  5. Hydraulic turbines for electric power generation. January 1970-February 1981 (citations from the Engineering Index data base). Report for January 1970-February 1981. [198 citations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-02-01

    This bibliography covers information on studies, design, construction, and applications of hydraulic turbines used for electric power generation and water pumping. Topics include erosion, corrosion, fatigue cracking, cavitation, and runners in hydraulic turbines. (Contains 198 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

  6. Hydraulic turbines for electric power generation. January 1976-February 1981 (citations from the Energy Data Base). Report for January 1976-February 1981. [200 citations

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-02-01

    This bibliography covers information on studies, design, construction, and applications of hydraulic turbines used for electric power generation and water pumping. Topics include erosion, corrosion, fatigue cracking, cavitation, and runners in hydraulic turbines. (Contains 200 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

  7. Maintaining electro-hydraulic-control (EHC) systems for turbine generators using phosphate ester EHC fluid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Crane

    1992-01-01

    The requirements for maintaining an electrohydraulic control system through proper care of the phosphate ester fluid are described. Phosphate ester fluids are used on EHC turbine generator controls for their fire resistant characteristics that reduce the risk of fires if a leak were to occur. Some of the key elements in maintaining the fluid are shown to be cleanliness by

  8. Study of hydraulic transients in hydropower plants through simulation of nonlinear model of penstock and hydraulic turbine model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Barbieri; A. H. M. Santos

    1999-01-01

    Study of hydraulic transients in hydropower plants specifically in hydraulic turbine units, with penstock, spiral case and draft tube-is necessary due to power and frequency oscillations which normally occur in generator units, mainly during load rejections. In turn, this causes large pressure and subpressure oscillations in turbine hydraulic systems and must be evaluated to avoid mechanical failures. In this context,

  9. Downhole hydraulic seismic generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. L. Gregory; H. C. Hardee; D. O. Smallwood

    1990-01-01

    A downhole hydraulic seismic generator system for transmitting energy wave vibrations into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system contains an elongated, unitary housing operably connected to a well head aboveground by support and electrical cabling, and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a hydraulic oscillator containing a

  10. Downhole hydraulic seismic generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Danny L. Gregory; Harry C. Hardee; David O. Smallwood

    1992-01-01

    A downhole hydraulic seismic generator system for transmitting energy wave vibrations into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system contains an elongated, unitary housing operably connected to a well head aboveground by support and electrical cabling, and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a hydraulic oscillator containing a

  11. Downhole hydraulic seismic generator

    DOEpatents

    Gregory, Danny L. (Corrales, NM); Hardee, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Smallwood, David O. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1992-01-01

    A downhole hydraulic seismic generator system for transmitting energy wave vibrations into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system contains an elongated, unitary housing operably connected to a well head aboveground by support and electrical cabling, and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a hydraulic oscillator containing a double-actuating piston whose movement is controlled by an electro-servovalve regulating a high pressure hydraulic fluid flow into and out of upper and lower chambers surrounding the piston. The spent hydraulic fluid from the hydraulic oscillator is stored and pumped back into the system to provide high pressure fluid for conducting another run at the same, or a different location within the borehole.

  12. Detection of cavitation in hydraulic turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xavier Escaler; Eduard Egusquiza; Mohamed Farhat; François Avellan; Miguel Coussirat

    2006-01-01

    An experimental investigation has been carried out in order to evaluate the detection of cavitation in actual hydraulic turbines. The methodology is based on the analysis of structural vibrations, acoustic emissions and hydrodynamic pressures measured in the machine. The proposed techniques have been checked in real prototypes suffering from different types of cavitation. In particular, one Kaplan, two Francis and

  13. Stand alone induction generator with terminal impedance controller and no turbine controls

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Bonert; G. Hoops

    1990-01-01

    Induction generators with hydraulic turbines are often used for cogeneration. The same turbine generator configuration can be used for stand-alone generation if an impedance controller is connected to the generator terminals; this configuration requires no hydraulic controls on the turbine. The authors propose an electronic impedance controller to control the voltage and the frequency of a stand-alone induction generator. The

  14. Hermetic turbine generator

    DOEpatents

    Meacher, John S. (Ballston Lake, NY); Ruscitto, David E. (Ballston Spa, NY)

    1982-01-01

    A Rankine cycle turbine drives an electric generator and a feed pump, all on a single shaft, and all enclosed within a hermetically sealed case. The shaft is vertically oriented with the turbine exhaust directed downward and the shaft is supported on hydrodynamic fluid film bearings using the process fluid as lubricant and coolant. The selection of process fluid, type of turbine, operating speed, system power rating, and cycle state points are uniquely coordinated to achieve high turbine efficiency at the temperature levels imposed by the recovery of waste heat from the more prevalent industrial processes.

  15. Detection of cavitation in hydraulic turbines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Escaler, Xavier; Egusquiza, Eduard; Farhat, Mohamed; Avellan, François; Coussirat, Miguel

    2006-05-01

    An experimental investigation has been carried out in order to evaluate the detection of cavitation in actual hydraulic turbines. The methodology is based on the analysis of structural vibrations, acoustic emissions and hydrodynamic pressures measured in the machine. The proposed techniques have been checked in real prototypes suffering from different types of cavitation. In particular, one Kaplan, two Francis and one Pump-Turbine have been investigated in the field. Additionally, one Francis located in a laboratory has also been tested. First, a brief description of the general features of cavitation phenomenon is given as well as of the main types of cavitation occurring in hydraulic turbines. The work presented here is focused on the most important ones which are the leading edge cavitation due to its erosive power, the bubble cavitation because it affects the machine performance and the draft tube swirl that limits the operation stability. Cavitation detection is based on the previous understanding of the cavity dynamics and its location inside the machine. This knowledge has been gained from flow visualisations and measurements in laboratory devices such as a high-speed cavitation tunnel and a reduced scale turbine test rig. The main techniques are the study of the high frequency spectral content of the signals and of their amplitude demodulation for a given frequency band. Moreover, low frequency spectral content can also be used in certain cases. The results obtained for the various types of cavitation found in the selected machines are presented and discussed in detail in the paper. Conclusions are drawn about the best sensor, measuring location, signal processing and analysis for each type of cavitation, which serve to validate and to improve the detection techniques.

  16. Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine

    E-print Network

    Yang, Zhenyu

    Disturbance Control of the Hydraulic Brake in a Wind Turbine Frank Jepsen, Anders Søborg brake in a wind turbine. Brake torque is determined by friction coefficient and clamp force; the latter brake is one1 of the two independent brake systems in a wind turbine. As a consequence of the gearing

  17. Control apparatus for hydraulically driven generator

    SciTech Connect

    Beckwith, S.

    1985-08-06

    Apparatus for controlling a hydraulically driven generator for supplying electrical power to power mains. The generator is coupled to a turbine driven by a fluid flow through a duct. The duct has a one-fourth turn butterfly valve controlled by a fluid-actuated operator and the operator receives fluid from the duct by way of a normally closed valve which, when energized, creates water pressure on the operator for opening the butterfly valve. A second, normally open solenoid provides an emergency exit for the water from the operator to relieve the water pressure thereon and thereby close the butterfly valve when certain conditions exist, such as sudden loss of line voltage, overvoltage or deviation in frequency of the line voltage. A differential pressure switch across the turbine rotor also controls the starting of the system to assure proper flow of fluid through the duct before commencing operation of the generator itself.

  18. Detection of cavitation vortex in hydraulic turbines using acoustic techniques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Candel, I.; Bunea, F.; Dunca, G.; Bucur, D. M.; Ioana, C.; Reeb, B.; Ciocan, G. D.

    2014-03-01

    Cavitation phenomena are known for their destructive capacity in hydraulic machineries and are caused by the pressure decrease followed by an implosion when the cavitation bubbles find an adverse pressure gradient. A helical vortex appears in the turbine diffuser cone at partial flow rate operation and can be cavitating in its core. Cavity volumes and vortex frequencies vary with the under-pressure level. If the vortex frequency comes close to one of the eigen frequencies of the turbine, a resonance phenomenon may occur, the unsteady fluctuations can be amplified and lead to important turbine and hydraulic circuit damage. Conventional cavitation vortex detection techniques are based on passive devices (pressure sensors or accelerometers). Limited sensor bandwidths and low frequency response limit the vortex detection and characterization information provided by the passive techniques. In order to go beyond these techniques and develop a new active one that will remove these drawbacks, previous work in the field has shown that techniques based on acoustic signals using adapted signal content to a particular hydraulic situation, can be more robust and accurate. The cavitation vortex effects in the water flow profile downstream hydraulic turbines runner are responsible for signal content modifications. Basic signal techniques use narrow band signals traveling inside the flow from an emitting transducer to a receiving one (active sensors). Emissions of wide band signals in the flow during the apparition and development of the vortex embeds changes in the received signals. Signal processing methods are used to estimate the cavitation apparition and evolution. Tests done in a reduced scale facility showed that due to the increasing flow rate, the signal -- vortex interaction is seen as modifications on the received signal's high order statistics and bandwidth. Wide band acoustic transducers have a higher dynamic range over mechanical elements; the system's reaction time is reduced, resulting in a faster detection of the unwanted effects. The paper will present an example of this new investigation technique on a vortex generator in the test facility that belongs to ICPE- CA.

  19. Anticipatory control of turbine generators

    E-print Network

    Messec, Freddie Laurel

    1971-01-01

    of Turbine Generators. (Nay 1971) Freddie Laurel Nessec, B. S. E. E, , Texas Tech University; Directed by: Professor J. S . Denison An investigation is made of the use of predicted loads in controlling turbine generators. A perturbation model of a turbine... generator is presented along with typical parameter values. A study is made of the effects of applying control action before a load change occurs. Two predictive control schemes are investi- gated using a load cycle which incorporates both ramp and step...

  20. NEXT GENERATION TURBINE PROGRAM

    SciTech Connect

    William H. Day

    2002-05-03

    The Next Generation Turbine (NGT) Program's technological development focused on a study of the feasibility of turbine systems greater than 30 MW that offer improvement over the 1999 state-of-the-art systems. This program targeted goals of 50 percent turndown ratios, 15 percent reduction in generation cost/kW hour, improved service life, reduced emissions, 400 starts/year with 10 minutes to full load, and multiple fuel usage. Improvement in reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM), while reducing operations, maintenance, and capital costs by 15 percent, was pursued. This program builds on the extensive low emissions stationary gas turbine work being carried out by Pratt & Whitney (P&W) for P&W Power Systems (PWPS), which is a company under the auspices of the United Technologies Corporation (UTC). This study was part of the overall Department of Energy (DOE) NGT Program that extends out to the year 2008. A follow-on plan for further full-scale component hardware testing is conceptualized for years 2002 through 2008 to insure a smooth and efficient transition to the marketplace for advanced turbine design and cycle technology. This program teamed the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), P&W, United Technologies Research Center (UTRC), kraftWork Systems Inc., a subcontractor on-site at UTRC, and Multiphase Power and Processing Technologies (MPPT), an off-site subcontractor. Under the auspices of the NGT Program, a series of analyses were performed to identify the NGT engine system's ability to serve multiple uses. The majority were in conjunction with a coal-fired plant, or used coal as the system fuel. Identified also was the ability of the NGT system to serve as the basis of an advanced performance cycle: the humid air turbine (HAT) cycle. The HAT cycle is also used with coal gasification in an integrated cycle HAT (IGHAT). The NGT systems identified were: (1) Feedwater heating retrofit to an existing coal-fired steam plant, which could supply both heat and peaking power (Block 2 engine); (2) Repowering of an older coal-fired plant (Block 2 engine); (3) Gas-fired HAT cycle (Block 1 and 2 engines); (4) Integrated gasification HAT (Block 1 and 2 engines). Also under Phase I of the NGT Program, a conceptual design of the combustion system has been completed. An integrated approach to cycle optimization for improved combustor turndown capability has been employed. The configuration selected has the potential for achieving single digit NO{sub x}/CO emissions between 40 percent and 100 percent load conditions. A technology maturation plan for the combustion system has been proposed. Also, as a result of Phase I, ceramic vane technology will be incorporated into NGT designs and will require less cooling flow than conventional metallic vanes, thereby improving engine efficiency. A common 50 Hz and 60 Hz power turbine was selected due to the cost savings from eliminating a gearbox. A list of ceramic vane technologies has been identified for which the funding comes from DOE, NASA, the U.S. Air Force, and P&W.

  1. Large wind turbine generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thomas, R. L.; Donovon, R. M.

    1978-01-01

    The development associated with large wind turbine systems is briefly described. The scope of this activity includes the development of several large wind turbines ranging in size from 100 kW to several megawatt levels. A description of the wind turbine systems, their programmatic status and a summary of their potential costs is included.

  2. Performance of Savonius Rotor for Environmentally Friendly Hydraulic Turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakajima, Miyoshi; Iio, Shouichiro; Ikeda, Toshihiko

    The aim of this investigation was to develop an environmentally friendly nano-hydraulic turbine. A model of a two-bucket Savonius type hydraulic turbine was constructed and tested in a water tunnel to arrive at an optimum installation condition. Effects of two installation parameters, namely a distance between a rotor and a bottom wall of the tunnel, a rotation direction of the rotor, on the power performance were studied. A flow field around the rotor was examined visually to clarify influences of installation conditions on the flow field. The flow visualization showed differences of flow pattern around the rotor by the change of these parameters. From this study it was found that the power performances of Savonius hydraulic turbine were changed with the distance between the rotor and the bottom wall of the tunnel and with a rotation direction of the rotor.

  3. 30. PLAN AND SECTIONS SHOWING INSTALLATION OF HYDRAULIC TURBINE UNIT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    30. PLAN AND SECTIONS SHOWING INSTALLATION OF HYDRAULIC TURBINE UNIT FROM KAWEAH NO. 2 REPLACING EXISTING UNIT, SANTA ANA RIVER NO. 3, JUNE 21, 1945. SCE drawing no. 523126-1. - Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System, SAR-3 Powerhouse, San Bernardino National Forest, Redlands, San Bernardino County, CA

  4. Effective Lightning Protection For Wind Turbine Generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Glushakow

    2007-01-01

    A wind turbine generator is the most exposed of all types of generators connected to electric utility systems. Wind turbines are most often erected in hostile lightning environments. Lightning damage to wind turbines is costly in terms of repair and replacement of equipment. Lightning damage is the single largest cause of unplanned downtime in wind turbines, and that downtime is

  5. A Robot for Welding Repair of Hydraulic Turbine Blade

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qiang Chen; Zhenguo Sun; Wenzeng Zhang; Zhongcheng Gui

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposed a scheme of using rail-free multifunctional robot in onsite repair of hydraulic turbine blade for large-scale axial-flow and Francis runners. The robot processes such functions as profile detection and measurement, air-gouging cleaning, grinding, welding and so on. The robot's main body is composed of an all-position rail-free mobile platform and a multiple degree-of-freedom (DOF) manipulator. The mobile

  6. Dynamics and Stability of Wind Turbine Generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. N. Hinrichsen; P. J. Nolan

    1982-01-01

    This paper describes the dynamic and stability properties of wind turbine generators connected to power systems. Both synchronous and induction generators are considered. A comparison is made between wind turbines, steam, and hydro units. The unusual phenomena associated with wind turbines are emphasized. The general control requirements are discussed, as well as various schemes for torsional damping such as speed

  7. Dynamics and stability of wind turbine generators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hinrichsen, E. N.; Nolan, P. J.

    1982-08-01

    This paper describes the dynamic and stability properties of wind turbine generators connected to power systems. Both synchronous and induction generators are considered. A comparison is made between wind turbines, steam, and hydro units. The unusual phenomena associated with wind turbines are emphasized. The general control requirements are discussed, as well as various schemes for torsional damping such as speed sensitive stabilizer and blade pitch control. Interaction between adjacent wind turbines in a 'wind farm' is also considered.

  8. Darrieus wind turbine electric generating system

    SciTech Connect

    Schwarz, E.L.

    1984-08-07

    A wind electric system intended to provide power to a power grid, for use with a wind turbine which has no starting torque. The generator is one which can function as a motor as well. When the wind is too light to permit generation, an overriding clutch mechanically disconnects the generator shaft from the turbine shaft. The clutch has also the capability of locking the generator shaft to the turbine shaft in response to a control signal. When wind speed is great enough to permit generation and the turbine is stopped, a control signal is issued locking the generator shaft to the turbine shaft. Power from the power grid causes the generator to function as a motor and accelerate the turbine to permit it to be rotated by the wind. The clutch is then returned to overriding operation and electrical generation continues until wind speed again becomes too light.

  9. Dynamics and stability of wind turbine generators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hinrichsen, E. N.; Nolan, P. J.

    1981-05-01

    Synchronous and induction generators are considered. A comparison is made between wind turbines, steam, and hydro units. The unusual phenomena associated with wind turbines are emphasized. The general control requirements are discussed, as well as various schemes for torsional damping such as speed sensitive stabilizer and blade pitch control. Integration between adjacent wind turbines in a wind farm is also considered.

  10. Generating Resources Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine

    E-print Network

    11/17/2014 1 Generating Resources Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine Utility Scale Solar PV Steven doing recently around two key supply-side resource technologies 1. Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine #12;11/17/2014 4 Combined Cycle Combustion Turbine Background Primary Components Gas-fired combustion

  11. Microprocessor control of a wind turbine generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gnecco, A. J.; Whitehead, G. T.

    1978-01-01

    A microprocessor based system was used to control the unattended operation of a wind turbine generator. The turbine and its microcomputer system are fully described with special emphasis on the wide variety of tasks performed by the microprocessor for the safe and efficient operation of the turbine. The flexibility, cost and reliability of the microprocessor were major factors in its selection.

  12. SWIRLING FLOW OPTIMIZATION IN THE SPIRAL CASE AND DISTRIBUTOR OF KAPLAN HYDRAULIC TURBINES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timisoara Branch

    The goal of this paper is to reduce the unsteady blade loadings for the runners of Kaplan hydraulic turbines by using a technique of flow optimization in the ad- duction channel of the turbine: spiral casing, stay and guide vanes. Flow circumferential non-uniformities upstream the runner of Kaplan turbines produce un- wished effects as vibrations, but especially it influences the

  13. Darrieus wind turbine electric generating system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1984-01-01

    A wind electric system intended to provide power to a power grid, for use with a wind turbine which has no starting torque. The generator is one which can function as a motor as well. When the wind is too light to permit generation, an overriding clutch mechanically disconnects the generator shaft from the turbine shaft. The clutch has also

  14. Biomass gasifier gas turbine power generating technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. H. Williams; E. D. Larson

    1996-01-01

    Integrating gasifiers with gas turbines, aeroderivative gas turbines in particular, makes it possible to achieve high efficiencies and low unit capital costs in modest-scale biomass power generating facilities. Electricity produced with biomass-integrated gasifier\\/gas turbine (BIG\\/GT) power systems would be competitive with electricity produced from coal and nuclear energy under a wide range of circumstances. Biomass also offers major environmental benefits.

  15. Turbine generator pressure relief diaphragm

    SciTech Connect

    Groenendaal, J.C. Jr.; Huang, K.P.

    1993-06-29

    A steam turbine is described comprising: (a) a turbine housing operable to receive steam and having a relief opening therein surrounded by a turbine flange; (b) a shaft positioned within the housing; (c) a plurality of rows of blades positioned along the longitudinal length of the shaft and extending radially outwardly therefrom; (d) a steam inlet pipe connected with the housing and operable as a conduit to allow the steam entering the housing to pass between the plurality of rows of blades to rotate the shaft; and (e) a pressure relief diaphragm associated with the turbine housing and operable to relieve excess pressure within the turbine housing, including: (i) a safety housing having a mounting flange thereon arranged to mate with the turbine flange so that the safety housing is positioned over the relief opening in the turbine housing; (ii) a first solid, frangible disc covering the relief opening in the turbine housing and having a peripheral portion interposed between the mounting flange on the safety housing and the turbine flange; (iii) a second solid disc positioned in the relief opening in the turbine flange in abutting contact with the first solid disc; (iv) first bolt means for securing the mounting flange on the safety housing to the turbine flange; (v) first spring washer means associated with the first bolt means for maintaining the positional relationship between the mounting flange on the safety housing and the turbine flange; (vi) an annular ring positioned on the first solid disc and above the relief opening in the turbine housing; (vii) second bolt means for securing the second solid disc and the annular ring to the first solid disc; and (viii) second spring washer means associated with the second bolt means for maintaining the positional relationship among the first solid disc, the second solid disc and the annular ring.

  16. Economics of large wind turbine generators

    SciTech Connect

    Oplinger, J.L.

    1982-06-01

    This study demonstrates that established utility system planning methods are applicable to studying wind turbine generators, with minor modifications. A total utility cost approach was used to evaluate the economics of wind turbine generators. The limitations of the busbar energy cost method rule out its use. Three analytic models are studied: the wind plant performance model, the generation system reliability model, and the generation system production cost model. The results of generation, transmission, and distribution studies are interpreted. The results are then integrated to give a single measure of the value of distributed wind turbines. These results demonstrate that the value of distributed wind turbines is dominated by the generation energy and capacity value. The quality and availability of the wind resource far outweighs credits achievable from an optimal electrical location.

  17. Project title: micro turbine generator program

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. L. Hamilton

    2000-01-01

    A number of micro turbines generators have been announced as currently commercially available for sale to customers, such as end users, utilities, and energy service providers. Manufacturers and others are reporting certain performance capabilities of the turbines; however, no consistent third-party independent testing as been done to confirm or discredit such performance claims. The purpose of this project is to

  18. Challenges in Dynamic Pressure and Stress Predictions at No-Load Operation in Hydraulic Turbines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nennemann, B.; Morissette, J. F.; Chamberland-Lauzon, J.; Monette, C.; Braun, O.; Melot, M.; Coutu, A.; Nicolle, J.; Giroux, A. M.

    2014-03-01

    Some of the potentially most damaging continuous operating conditions for hydraulic turbines are the no-load (NL) conditions. At NL conditions the flow passes through the turbine without power generation, but with non-negligible flow rate, and therefore all the potential energy in the flow has to be dissipated. This takes place through a mechanism where the runner channels are partially pumping, thus generating large scale unsteady vortex structures which, by their nature, break down into smaller and smaller vortices until energy dissipation occurs at the smallest scales. This type of flow, dominated by its turbulent character, is inherently difficult to simulate by means of numerical methods since turbulence model and numerical dissipation have a major influence. The resulting dynamic loads on the runner are largely of stochastic nature, exciting a broad band of frequencies and thus, almost always interact with at least one deformation mode. The presented investigations are aimed at predicting the effect of the unsteady NL pressure loads on the fatigue life of a Francis turbine runner. A combination of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and finite element analysis (FEA) methods has been employed. The results from transient CFD simulations are presented. Comparison of the results with prototype strain gauge measurements at no load conditions shows that the stochastic nature and the approximate range of the dynamic stresses can be predicted.

  19. A NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE FULL 3D TURBULENT FLOW IN KAPLAN HYDRAULIC TURBINES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel BALINT; Romeo SUSAN-RESIGA; Sebastian MUNTEAN; Ioan ANTON

    This paper presents a complete numerical methodology for computing the 3D turbulent flows in Kaplan turbines, methodology which can be easily used in the engineering research. Turbulent simulations for 3D geometries are used mainly for analyzing the energetic characteristics of flow behavior as a second step after the ideal flow simulations. Generally, the flow in the hydraulic turbines is three-dimensional

  20. Cavitation pitting mitigation in hydraulic turbines. Volume 2. Cavitation review and assessment. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Sinclair, J.P.; Rodrigue, P.R.

    1986-08-01

    No single remedy exists for preventing cavitation in hydraulic turbines. Nevertheless, the turbine specification guidelines, repair methods, and operating and maintenance procedures discussed in this report can help reduce cavitation damage. Such reductions can save utilities the many millions of dollars that are lost annually in output and repair costs.

  1. Experimental Study on Abrasive Waterjet Polishing of Hydraulic Turbine Blades

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khakpour, H.; Birglenl, L.; Tahan, A.; Paquet, F.

    2014-03-01

    In this paper, an experimental investigation is implemented on the abrasive waterjet polishing technique to evaluate its capability in polishing of surfaces and edges of hydraulic turbine blades. For this, the properties of this method are studied and the main parameters affecting its performance are determined. Then, an experimental test-rig is designed, manufactured and tested to be used in this study. This test-rig can be used to polish linear and planar areas on the surface of the desired workpieces. Considering the number of parameters and their levels, the Taguchi method is used to design the preliminary experiments. All experiments are then implemented according to the Taguchi L18 orthogonal array. The signal-to-noise ratios obtained from the results of these experiments are used to determine the importance of the controlled polishing parameters on the final quality of the polished surface. The evaluations on these ratios reveal that the nozzle angle and the nozzle diameter have the most important impact on the results. The outcomes of these experiments can be used as a basis to design a more precise set of experiments in which the optimal values of each parameter can be estimated.

  2. Methods for selection of size and speed of hydraulic turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Kpordze, C.S.K.

    1986-01-01

    A new methodology is presented for relating turbine characteristics to hydropower site parameters. Survey of the literature and recent developments in methodologies for turbine selection are presented. This is followed by the development and listing of alternative relationships specifying the characteristics of vertical-shaft Francis, Kaplan, and vertical- and horizontal-shaft Pelton turbine units as dependent variables and hydropower site parameters as independent or explanatory variables. These new relationships are based on conventional turbine constants used in hydropower theory. The hydropower site parameters were arranged and used in the form of simple ratios to represent the independent variables while the turbine characteristics were used to represent the dependent variables. Data for the study were collected for turbines installed between 1966 and 1984 for approximately 400 Francis, Kaplan, and Pelton turbines manufactured all over the world. These data were supplied by turbine manufacturers and agencies that own or operate hydropower plants. Results of an extensive investigation of the characteristics of conventional turbines are presented in the form of regression equations, tables, and nomographs. Similar relationship between the characteristics of other types of turbines including Bulb, Tubular and Crossflow turbines and hydropower site parameters were published by the author and Professor Warnick in 1983.

  3. Influence of setting condition on characteristics of Savonius hydraulic turbine with a shield plate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iio, Shouichiro; Katayama, Yusuke; Uchiyama, Fuminori; Sato, Eiichi; Ikeda, Toshihiko

    2011-09-01

    The aim of this investigation was to improve power performance of Savonius hydraulic turbine utilizing small stream for electric generation. An attempt was made to increase the power coefficient of runner by the use of flat shield plate placed upstream of the runner. The difference of the power coefficient is discussed in relation to clearance between the runner and the bottom wall and the rotation direction of the runner. The flow field around the runner was also examined visually to clarify influences of setting conditions on the power performance. From this study it was found that the power coefficient is achieved for 0.47 by only using a flat shield plate, the increase is up to 80% over the runner without the plate. Moreover, it is the proper condition that clearance ratio is 0.73 in this study.

  4. Wind tunnel experiments to prove a hydraulic passive torque control concept for variable speed wind turbines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diepeveen, N. F. B.; Jarquin-Laguna, A.

    2014-12-01

    In this paper the results are presented of experiments to prove an innovative concept for passive torque control of variable speed wind turbines using fluid power technology. It is demonstrated that by correctly configuring the hydraulic drive train, the wind turbine rotor operates at or near maximum aerodynamic efficiency for below rated wind speeds. The experiments with a small horizontal-axis wind turbine rotor, coupled to a hydraulic circuit, were conducted at the Open Jet Facility of the Delft University of Technology. In theory, the placement of a nozzle at the end of the hydraulic circuit causes the pressure and hence the rotor torque to increase quadratically with flow speed and hence rotation speed. The rotor torque is limited by a pressure relief valve. Results from the experiments proved the functionality of this passive speed control concept. By selecting the correct nozzle outlet area the rotor operates at or near the optimum tip speed ratio.

  5. Variable speed generator technology options for wind turbine generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lipo, T. A.

    1995-01-01

    The electrical system options for variable speed operation of a wind turbine generator are treated in this paper. The key operating characteristics of each system are discussed and the major advantages and disadvantages of each are identified

  6. Hydraulic turbines: hydroelectric and tidal power systems. January, 1973-September, 1981 (citations from the BHRA Fluid Engineering data base). Report for Jan 73-Sep 81

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-09-01

    The hydrodynamics of adjustable blade hydraulic turbines are discussed as it applies to hydroelectric and tidal power generation. The adjustable blade concept is presented in terms of cavitation minimization as well as vibrational induced stresses on the blades. (Contains 91 citations fully indexed and including a title list.)

  7. Cavitation pitting mitigation in hydraulic turbines. Volume 1. Guidelines and recommendations. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Rodrigue, P.R.

    1986-08-01

    The problems associated with cavitation pitting damage in hydraulic turbines and pump-turbines have been investigated on a number of occasions over the past sixty years. The most recent, and possibly the most comprehensive of these, was undertaken by EPRI between 1983 and 1985 and is the subject of this report. This volume contains guidelines and recommendations for mitigation of cavitation damage in both new and existing units.

  8. Development of a measurement system able to determine the ow velocity eld on models of hydraulic turbines

    E-print Network

    Diggavi, Suhas

    . Antoine Bombenger Probing strategy in a Kaplan Turbine Such a probe typically has a spherical head with 5 turbines Christian Landry Motivations & Objectives The project was driven by the need to improve the measurement of velocity elds and pressures in a hydraulic turbine. The development of a new probing system

  9. Broad band sound from wind turbine generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hubbard, H. H.; Shepherd, K. P.; Grosveld, F. W.

    1981-01-01

    Brief descriptions are given of the various types of large wind turbines and their sound characteristics. Candidate sources of broadband sound are identified and are rank ordered for a large upwind configuration wind turbine generator for which data are available. The rotor is noted to be the main source of broadband sound which arises from inflow turbulence and from the interactions of the turbulent boundary layer on the blade with its trailing edge. Sound is radiated about equally in all directions but the refraction effects of the wind produce an elongated contour pattern in the downwind direction.

  10. Numerical Simulations of Vortex Shedding in Hydraulic Turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dorney, Daniel; Marcu, Bogdan

    2004-01-01

    Turbomachines for rocket propulsion applications operate with many different working fluids and flow conditions. Oxidizer boost turbines often operate in liquid oxygen, resulting in an incompressible flow field. Vortex shedding from airfoils in this flow environment can have adverse effects on both turbine performance and durability. In this study the effects of vortex shedding in a low-pressure oxidizer turbine are investigated. Benchmark results are also presented for vortex shedding behind a circular cylinder. The predicted results are compared with available experimental data.

  11. Low-frequency characteristic acoustic oscillations in the noncirculating part of a hydraulic turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. B. Kurzin

    1993-01-01

    i. Fundamental Assumptions. We consider free hydroacoustic oscillations of the fluid in the noncirculating part of a hydraulic turbine. A diagram of the vertical cross section of the noncirculating part is shown in Fig. la (I is the water intake pipe; 2 the volute chamber; 3 the discharge pipe), while Fig. ib shows a horizontal cross section of the volute

  12. Experimental comparison of cavitation erosion rates of different steels used in hydraulic turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Tôn-Thât

    2010-01-01

    The prediction of cavitation erosion rates has an important role in order to evaluate the exact life of components in fluid machineries. Hydro-Québec has studied this phenomenon for several years, in particular in hydraulic turbine runners, to try to understand the different degradation mechanisms related to this phenomenon. This paper presents part of this work. In this study, we carried

  13. Dual entry radial turbine gas generator

    SciTech Connect

    Mowill, R.J.

    1987-02-10

    This patent describes a high efficiency, single spool gas turbine gas generator comprising: (a) compressor means for providing an overall pressure ratio of greater than about 15:1, the compressor means including: (i) a first stage, double-entry centrifugal air compressor having a pair of entrances and a common exit, (ii) a second stage, centrifugal air compressor positioned adjacent to the first stage compressor, the second compressor stage having an entrance that is flow-connected to the first stage common exit and also having a second stage exit, and (iii) a shaft assembly for mechanically interconnecting the first and the second stage for rotation at the same angular speed; (b) combustor means operatively connected to the second stage exit for receiving the compressed air and combusting fuel using the compressed air to generate combustion gases; and (c) a single stage radial inflow turbine having an inlet and an outlet, the turbine being operatively connected directly to the shaft assembly drive and also being flow connected to the combustor means for receiving at the turbine inlet, and partially expanding, the combustion gases.

  14. Unsteady flow analysis of an axial flow hydraulic turbine with collection devices comprising a different number of blades

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nishi, Yasuyuki; Inagaki, Terumi; Li, Yanrong; Hirama, Sou; Kikuchi, Norio

    2015-06-01

    We previously devised a new type of portable hydraulic turbine that uses the kinetic energy of an open-channel flow to improve output power by catching and accelerating the flow. The turbine contains an axial flow runner with an appended collection device and a diffuser section that is not axisymmetric. The objective of this study is to determine how interference between the collection device and the runner influences performance characteristics of the turbine. We investigated the performance characteristics of the turbine and flow field for different numbers of blades during both unsteady and steady flow. During an unsteady flow, the maximum values of power coefficients for three and two blades increased by approximately 8.8% and 21.4%, respectively, compared to those during a steady flow. For the three-blade runner, the power coefficient showed small fluctuations, but for the two-blade runner, the power coefficient showed large fluctuations. These fluctuations in the power coefficient are attributed to fluctuations in the loading coefficient, which were generated by interference between the runner and the diffuser section of the collection device.

  15. Hydraulic torque on the guide vane within the slight opening of pump turbine in turbine operating mode

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fan, H. G.; Yang, H. X.; Li, F. C.; Chen, N. X.

    2014-03-01

    In a pumped storage power station, the units produce vibration and noise at times when the guide vanes rotate into the slight opening region during the turbine operating mode. According to this phenomenon, the simulation of transient flow in the units during the motion of the guide vane is carried out to investigate the variation of flow state in the process of startup and shutdown in turbine mode. The changing rate of hydraulic torque on a single guide vane is introduced to quantitatively represent the varying acuteness of the flow in the guide vanes and the possibility of the noise induced by the instable flow. The correlation between the frequency of noise and water head is summarized. The research indicates that the repeating reversal of fluid after load rejection is the hydraulic phenomenon which is the cause of the distributor vibration and noises within the slight opening, which is in accordance with the data recorded during the operation of the station. The effect of guide vanes closing law on the flow state in guide vanes and hydraulic torque on a single guide vane is analyzed.

  16. Performance characteristics of hydraulic turbines and pumps. Proceedings of the Winter annual meeting, Boston, MA, November 13-18, 1983

    SciTech Connect

    Bennett, G. Jr.; Rohatgi, U.S.; Swift, W.L.

    1983-01-01

    Various topics are addressed under the headings: four quadrant and two-phase performance of turbines and pumps, cavitation in hydraulic turbines and pumps, pumps as power recovery turbines, and modeling and fluid dynamics in hydraulic turbines and pumps. Individual subjects considered include: representation of pump characteristics for transient analysis, prediction and measurement of the four-quadrant performance of an axial flow pump of specific speed 8900, hydraulic analysis on component losses of centrifugal pumps. Also discussed are: effects of volute geometry and impeller orbit on the hydraulic performance of a centrifugal pump, interaction between impeller and volute of pumps at off-design conditions, performance of small high-speed pumps, relation between efficiency characteristics and the internal flow conditions of axial-flow pumps, tests of SSME low-pressure pump in liquids at a zero throughflow, and analysis of performance characteristics of axial flow pumps.

  17. Understanding the unbalanced-voltage problem in wind turbine generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Muljadi; D. Yildirim; T. Batan; C. P. Butterfield

    1999-01-01

    Most wind turbines are equipped with line-connected induction generators. Induction generators are very attractive as wind turbine generators due to their low cost, ruggedness, and the need for little or no maintenance. At constant frequency, the induction generator operates in a small range of speeds and, therefore, it operates with a small range of slips with respect to synchronous speed.

  18. Wind Turbine Contingency Control Through Generator De-Rating

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frost, Susan; Goebel, Kai; Balas, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Maximizing turbine up-time and reducing maintenance costs are key technology drivers for wind turbine operators. Components within wind turbines are subject to considerable stresses due to unpredictable environmental conditions resulting from rapidly changing local dynamics. In that context, systems health management has the aim to assess the state-of-health of components within a wind turbine, to estimate remaining life, and to aid in autonomous decision-making to minimize damage to the turbine. Advanced contingency control is one way to enable autonomous decision-making by providing the mechanism to enable safe and efficient turbine operation. The work reported herein explores the integration of condition monitoring of wind turbines with contingency control to balance the trade-offs between maintaining system health and energy capture. The contingency control involves de-rating the generator operating point to achieve reduced loads on the wind turbine. Results are demonstrated using a high fidelity simulator of a utility-scale wind turbine.

  19. Design optimization of axial flow hydraulic turbine runner: Part II - multi-objective constrained optimization method

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guoyi Peng; Shuliang Cao; Masaru Ishizuka; Shinji Hayama

    2002-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the design optimization of axial flow hydraulic turbine runner blade geometry. In order to obtain a better design plan with good performance, a new comprehensive performance optimization procedure has been presented by combining a multi-variable multi-objective constrained optimization model with a Q3D inverse computation and a performance prediction procedure. With careful analysis of the inverse

  20. Nondestructive evaluation of turbines and generators: 1980 conference and workshop

    SciTech Connect

    Richman, R.H.; Rettig, T. (eds.)

    1981-07-01

    This report contains formal presentations and results of four workshop sessions on the nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of steam turbines and generators. The workshop was directed at utility problems in turbine-generator evaluation and in making repair or run-retire decisions. Areas of concentration include (1) industry problems, (2) turbine NDE, (3) generator NDE, (4) EPRI projects, (5) vibration signature analysis, and (6) new developments. Separate abstracts were prepared for 29 of the papers.

  1. Model 0A wind turbine generator FMEA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Klein, William E.; Lalli, Vincent R.

    1989-01-01

    The results of Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) conducted for the Wind Turbine Generators are presented. The FMEA was performed for the functional modes of each system, subsystem, or component. The single-point failures were eliminated for most of the systems. The blade system was the only exception. The qualitative probability of a blade separating was estimated at level D-remote. Many changes were made to the hardware as a result of this analysis. The most significant change was the addition of the safety system. Operational experience and need to improve machine availability have resulted in subsequent changes to the various systems which are also reflected in this FMEA.

  2. On-Shore Central Hydraulic Power Generation for Wind and Tidal Energy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Jack A.; Bruce, Allan; Lim, Steven; Murray, Luke; Armstrong, Richard; Kimball, Richard; Cook-Chenault, Kimberly; DeGennaro, Sean

    2012-01-01

    Tidal energy, offshore wind energy, and onshore wind energy can be converted to electricity at a central ground location by means of converting their respective energies into high-pressure hydraulic flows that are transmitted to a system of generators by high-pressure pipelines. The high-pressure flows are then efficiently converted to electricity by a central power plant, and the low-pressure outlet flow is returned. The Department of Energy (DOE) is presently supporting a project led by Sunlight Photonics to demonstrate a 15 kilowatt tidal hydraulic power generation system in the laboratory and possibly later submerged in the ocean. All gears and submerged electronics are completely eliminated.A second portion of this DOE project involves sizing and costing a 15 megawatt tidal energy system for a commercial tidal energy plant. For this task, Atlantis Resources Corporation's 18-m diameter demonstrated tidal blades are rated to operate in a nominal 2.6 m/sec tidal flow to produce approximately one megawatt per set of tidal blades. Fifteen units would be submerged in a deep tidal area, such as in Maine's Western Passage. All would be connected to a high-pressure (20 megapascals, 2900 pounds per square inch) line that is 35 cm ID. The high-pressure HEPG fluid flow is transported 500-m to on-shore hydraulic generators. HEPG is an environmentally-friendly, biodegradable, water-miscible fluid. Hydraulic adaptations to ORPC's cross-flow turbines are also discussed.For 15 megawatt of wind energy that is onshore or offshore, a gearless, high efficiency, radial piston pump can replace each set of top-mounted gear-generators. The fluid is then pumped to a central, easily serviceable generator location. Total hydraulic/electrical efficiency is 0.81 at full rated wind or tidal velocities and increases to 0.86 at 1/3 rated velocities.

  3. On-Shore Central Hydraulic Power Generation for Wind and Tidal Energy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jones, Jack A.; Bruce, Allan; Lim, Steven; Murray, Luke; Armstrong, Richard; Kimbrall, Richard; Cook-Chenault, Kimberly; DeGennaro, Sean

    2012-01-01

    Tidal energy, offshore wind energy, and onshore wind energy can be converted to electricity at a central ground location by means of converting their respective energies into high-pressure hydraulic flows that are transmitted to a system of generators by high-pressure pipelines. The high-pressure flows are then efficiently converted to electricity by a central power plant, and the low-pressure outlet flow is returned. The Department of Energy (DOE) is presently supporting a project led by Sunlight Photonics to demonstrate a 15 kW tidal hydraulic power generation system in the laboratory and possibly later submerged in the ocean. All gears and submerged electronics are completely eliminated. A second portion of this DOE project involves sizing and costing a 15 MW tidal energy system for a commercial tidal energy plant. For this task, Atlantis Resources Corporation s 18-m diameter demonstrated tidal blades are rated to operate in a nominal 2.6 m/sec tidal flow to produce approximately one MW per set of tidal blades. Fifteen units would be submerged in a deep tidal area, such as in Maine s Western Passage. All would be connected to a high-pressure (20 MPa, 2900 psi) line that is 35 cm ID. The high-pressure HEPG fluid flow is transported 500-m to on-shore hydraulic generators. HEPG is an environmentally-friendly, biodegradable, watermiscible fluid. Hydraulic adaptations to ORPC s cross-flow turbines are also discussed. For 15 MW of wind energy that is onshore or offshore, a gearless, high efficiency, radial piston pump can replace each set of top-mounted gear-generators. The fluid is then pumped to a central, easily serviceable generator location. Total hydraulic/electrical efficiency is 0.81 at full rated wind or tidal velocities and increases to 0.86 at 1/3 rated velocities.

  4. Characteristics of wind turbine generators for wind power plants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. H. Camm; M. R. Behnke; O. Bolado; M. Bollen; M. Bradt; C. Brooks; W. Dilling; M. Edds; W. J. Hejdak; D. Houseman; S. Klein; F. Li; J. Li; P. Maibach; T. Nicolai; J. Patino; S. V. Pasupulati; N. Samaan; S. Saylors; T. Siebert; T. Smith; M. Starke; R. Walling

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a summary of the most important characteristics of wind turbine generators applied in modern wind power plants. Various wind turbine generator designs, based on classification by machine type and speed control capabilities, are discussed along with their operational characteristics, voltage, reactive power, or power factor control capabilities, voltage ride-through characteristics, behavior during short circuits, and reactive power

  5. Method for predicting impulsive noise generated by wind turbine rotors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. A. Viterna

    1982-01-01

    Large wind turbines can generate both broad band and impulsive noises. These noises can be controlled by proper choice of rotor design parameters such as rotor location with respect to the supporting tower, tower geometry and tip speed. A method was developed to calculate the impulsive noise generated when the wind turbine blade experiences air forces that are periodic functions

  6. Combustion of waste trap grease oil in gas turbine generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Al-Shudeifat; A. B. Donaldson

    2010-01-01

    The possibility of using waste trap grease in electric power generation is explored in this study. The performance and emissions of both diesel and waste trap grease oils were tested in a gas turbine generator at comparable operating conditions. The fuel system of the gas turbine was modified for dual fuel capability with a diversion valve and a heat exchanger

  7. Design optimization of axial flow hydraulic turbine runner: Part II - multi-objective constrained optimization method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Guoyi; Cao, Shuliang; Ishizuka, Masaru; Hayama, Shinji

    2002-06-01

    This paper is concerned with the design optimization of axial flow hydraulic turbine runner blade geometry. In order to obtain a better design plan with good performance, a new comprehensive performance optimization procedure has been presented by combining a multi-variable multi-objective constrained optimization model with a Q3D inverse computation and a performance prediction procedure. With careful analysis of the inverse design of axial hydraulic turbine runner, the total hydraulic loss and the cavitation coefficient are taken as optimization objectives and a comprehensive objective function is defined using the weight factors. Parameters of a newly proposed blade bound circulation distribution function and parameters describing positions of blade leading and training edges in the meridional flow passage are taken as optimization variables.The optimization procedure has been applied to the design optimization of a Kaplan runner with specific speed of 440 kW. Numerical results show that the performance of designed runner is successfully improved through optimization computation. The optimization model is found to be validated and it has the feature of good convergence. With the multi-objective optimization model, it is possible to control the performance of designed runner by adjusting the value of weight factors defining the comprehensive objective function. Copyright

  8. Hydraulic Turbines: The Francis Turbine. Technical Terminology Bulletin. Terminotech, Vol. 2, No. 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Electric Co. of Canada, Ltd., Montreal, Quebec.

    This issue of a bulletin of technological terminology is devoted to the Francis turbine. A brief narrative on the subject is presented in both French and English. An English-French dictionary of terms comprises the bulk of the document. An explanatory illustration is appended. (JB)

  9. Hydraulic Turbines: The Pelton Turbine. Technical Terminology Bulletin. Terminotech, Vol. 2, No. 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Electric Co. of Canada, Ltd., Montreal, Quebec.

    This issue of a bulletin of technological terminology is devoted to the Pelton turbine. A brief narrative on the subject is presented in both French and English. An English-French dictionary of terms comprises the bulk of the document. Explanatory illustrations are appended. (JB)

  10. Low head power generation with bulb turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. Carson; R. S. Samuelson

    1978-01-01

    It is shown that axial turbines, such as bulb systems, provide an efficient and economical means for supplying power at very low-head hydroelectric installations. Particularly for installations having net operating heads less than 60 feet, bulb turbines have significant advantages over vertical-shaft Kaplan turbines. These advantages include: lower machinery costs, construction savings, runner accessibility, reduced costs for civil engineering features,

  11. Gas turbine engine with an operating-fuel cooled generator

    SciTech Connect

    Weber, Th.; Haselbauer, F.

    1985-07-30

    A gas turbine engine for aircraft. A generator, which undertakes to supply energy for auxiliary devices, is spaced between a compressor and a turbine. A heat exchanger which surrounds the generator housing, and through which compressor air and fuel flow, is provided for cooling the generator. The compressor air which is cooled by the fuel is supplied to the rotor of the generator, and possibly to a bearing of the rotor shaft.

  12. Hydraulic accumulator-motor-generator energy regeneration system for a hybrid hydraulic excavator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Tianliang; Wang, Qingfeng

    2012-11-01

    Though the traditional energy regeneration system(ERS) which used a hydraulic motor and a generator in hybrid excavators can regenerate part of the energy, the power of the motor and the generator should be larger and the time for regenerating energy is so short. At first, the structure of new ERS that combines the advantages of an electric and hydraulic accumulator is analyzed. The energy can be converted into both the electric energy and the hydraulic energy at the lowering of the boom and the generator can still works when the boom stops going down. Then, a method how to set the working pressure of the hydraulic accumulator is proposed. To avoid the excess loss, extra noise and shock pressure, a two-level pressure threshold method that the generator starts to work at the rising edge of the high pressure threshold and stops working at the falling edge of the low pressure threshold is presented to characterize the working mode of the generator. The control strategies on how to control the boom velocity at the lowering of the boom and how to improve the recovery efficiency when the boom stops going down are presented. The test bench of hybrid excavator with ERS is constructed, with which the studies on the influences of ERS on energy conversion efficiency and control performance are carried out. Experimental results show that the proposed ERS features better speed control performance of the boom than traditional ERS. It is also observed that an estimated 45% of the total potential energy could be regenerated at the lowering of the boom in the proposed ERS, and the power level of the generator and the hydraulic motor could be reduced by 60%. Hence, the proposed ERS has obvious advantages over the traditional ERS on the improvement of energy regeneration time, energy efficiency, control performance and economy.

  13. Numerical simulation of pulsation processes in hydraulic turbine based on 3D model of cavitating flow

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Panov, L. V.; Chirkov, D. V.; Cherny, S. G.; Pylev, I. M.

    2014-01-01

    A new approach was proposed for simulation of unsteady cavitating flow in the flow passage of a hydraulic power plant. 1D hydro-acoustics equations are solved in the penstock domain. 3D equations of turbulent flow of isothermal compressible liquid-vapor mixture are solved in the turbine domain. Cavitation is described by a transfer equation for liquid phase with a source term which is responsible for evaporation and condensation. The developed method was applied for simulation of pulsations in pressure, discharge, and total energy propagating along the flow conduit of the hydraulic power plant. Simulation results are in qualitative and quantitative agreement with experiment. The influence of key physical and numerical parameters like discharge, cavitation number, penstock length, time step, and vapor density on simulation results was studied.

  14. Representing wind turbine electrical generating systems in fundamental frequency simulations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. G. Slootweg; H. Polinder; W. L. Kling

    2003-01-01

    Increasing numbers of wind turbines are being erected. In the near future, they may start to influence the dynamics of electrical power systems by interacting with conventional generation equipment and with loads. The impact of wind turbines on the dynamics of electrical power systems therefore becomes an important subject, studied by means of power system dynamics simulations. Various types of

  15. A Comparative Study of Modular Axial Flux Podded Generators for Marine Current Turbines

    E-print Network

    Brest, Université de

    A Comparative Study of Modular Axial Flux Podded Generators for Marine Current Turbines Sofiane turbines (MCTs). Due to the submarine environment, maintenance operations are very hard, very costly current turbine, axial flux permanent magnet generator, design, optimization. Nomenclature MCT = Marine

  16. Durability Challenges for Next Generation of Gas Turbine Engine Materials

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Misra, Ajay K.

    2012-01-01

    Aggressive fuel burn and carbon dioxide emission reduction goals for future gas turbine engines will require higher overall pressure ratio, and a significant increase in turbine inlet temperature. These goals can be achieved by increasing temperature capability of turbine engine hot section materials and decreasing weight of fan section of the engine. NASA is currently developing several advanced hot section materials for increasing temperature capability of future gas turbine engines. The materials of interest include ceramic matrix composites with 1482 - 1648 C temperature capability, advanced disk alloys with 815 C capability, and low conductivity thermal barrier coatings with erosion resistance. The presentation will provide an overview of durability challenges with emphasis on the environmental factors affecting durability for the next generation of gas turbine engine materials. The environmental factors include gaseous atmosphere in gas turbine engines, molten salt and glass deposits from airborne contaminants, impact from foreign object damage, and erosion from ingestion of small particles.

  17. Experimental comparison of cavitation erosion rates of different steels used in hydraulic turbines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tôn-Thât, L.

    2010-08-01

    The prediction of cavitation erosion rates has an important role in order to evaluate the exact life of components in fluid machineries. Hydro-Québec has studied this phenomenon for several years, in particular in hydraulic turbine runners, to try to understand the different degradation mechanisms related to this phenomenon. This paper presents part of this work. In this study, we carried out experimental erosion tests to compare different steels used in actual hydraulic turbine runners (carbon steels, austenitic and martensitic stainless steels) to high strength steels in terms of cavitation erosion resistance. The results for these different classes of steels are presented. The tests have been performed in a cavitating liquid jet apparatus according to the ASTM G134-95 standard to simulate the flow conditions. The mass loss has been followed during the exposure time. The maximum depth of erosion, the mean depth of erosion, and the mean depth erosion rate are determined. As a result we found that ASTM-A514 high strength steels present excellent cavitation erosion resistance properties. The cavitation eroded surface is followed by optical profilometry technique. Determination of mechanical properties and examinations of the eroded surfaces of the samples have also been carried out in order to identify the erosion mechanisms involved in the degradation of these kinds of materials.

  18. Bulb Turbine Development for Hydro Power Stations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Strohmer; P. Spitaler

    1980-01-01

    SYNOPSIS—Bulb turbines are gaining increasing importance in the generation of power from low-head schemes all over the world. Because of hydraulic advantages on the one hand and increased feasibility on the other hand they are frequently applied instead of the vertical Kaplan turbines.The following paper deals with the most essential hydraulic differences between a horizontal bulb-turbine and a vertical Kaplan-turbine

  19. Dynamic simulation of dual-speed wind turbine generation

    SciTech Connect

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.

    1996-10-01

    Induction generators have been used since the early development of utility-scale wind turbine generation. An induction generator is the generator of choice because of its ruggedness, and low cost. With an induction generator, the operating speed of the wind turbine is limited to a narrow range (almost constant speed). Dual- speed operation can be accomplished by using an induction generator with two different sets of winding configurations or by using two induction generators with two different rated speeds. With single- speed operation, the wind turbine operates at different power coefficients (Cp) as the wind speed varies. The operation at maximum Cp can occur only at a single wind speed. However, if the wind speed varies across a wider range, the operating Cp will vary significantly. Dual-speed operation has the advantage of enabling the wind turbine to operate at near maximum Cp over a wider range of wind-speeds. Thus, annual energy production can be increased. The dual-speed mode may generate less energy than a variable-speed mode; nevertheless, it offers an alternative to capture more energy than single-speed operation. In this paper, dual-speed operation of a wind turbine will be investigated. One type of control algorithm for dual- speed operation is proposed. Results from a dynamic simulation will be presented to show how the control algorithm works and how power, current and torque of the system vary as the wind turbine is exposed to varying wind speeds.

  20. A Fault-Tolerant Multiphase Permanent Magnet Generator for Marine Current Turbine Applications

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    on offshore wind turbine systems. Marine current turbines are characterized by a very difficult access--Marine Current Turbine (MCT), Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG), multiphase generator, modeling current turbine (MCT) are more compact than wind turbines, for the same rated power. Moreover

  1. 9. PENSTOCK RECEIVER AND ISOLATION VALVE, WITH #4 GENERATOR TURBINE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. PENSTOCK RECEIVER AND ISOLATION VALVE, WITH #4 GENERATOR TURBINE SHUTOFF VALVE IN FOREGROUND. VIEW TO SOUTHEAST. - Santa Ana River Hydroelectric System, SAR-1 Powerhouse, Redlands, San Bernardino County, CA

  2. 15. VIEW SOUTHEAST OF HYDROELECTRIC GENERATING FACILITY SHOWING TURBINE PIT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    15. VIEW SOUTHEAST OF HYDROELECTRIC GENERATING FACILITY SHOWING TURBINE PIT TO RIGHT AND POWERHOUSE TO LEFT - Middle Creek Hydroelectric Dam, On Middle Creek, West of U.S. Route 15, 3 miles South of Selinsgrove, Selinsgrove, Snyder County, PA

  3. A matrix converter based micro-turbine distributed generation system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hassan Nikkhajoei; M. Reza Iravani

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates the use of an AC-AC matrix converter, as an alternative to AC-DC-AC converter system, to interface a high-speed micro-turbine generator (MTG) to a utility grid as a distributed generation unit. A new switching strategy and a control mechanism for the converter are presented. Based on time-domain simulations in the PSCAD\\/EMTDC environment, the dynamic behavior of a micro-turbine

  4. Grid disturbance response of wind turbines equipped with induction generator and doubly-fed induction generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Torbjom Thiringer; Andreas Petersson; T. Petru

    2003-01-01

    This panel paper presents measured and simulated grid disturbance responses of fixed-speed wind turbines equipped with induction generator and variable-speed wind turbines equipped with double-fed induction generator. The measured response of the fixed-speed turbine agrees very well with simulations, while the response of a double-fed induction generator cannot be assessed without detailed knowledge of the control system.

  5. Hydraulics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decker, Robert L.; Kirby, Klane

    This curriculum guide contains a course in hydraulics to train entry-level workers for automotive mechanics and other fields that utilize hydraulics. The module contains 14 instructional units that cover the following topics: (1) introduction to hydraulics; (2) fundamentals of hydraulics; (3) reservoirs; (4) lines, fittings, and couplers; (5)…

  6. Design optimization of axial flow hydraulic turbine runner: Part I - an improved Q3D inverse method

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guoyi Peng; Shuliang Cao; Masaru Ishizuka; Shinji Hayama

    2002-01-01

    With the aim of constructing a comprehensive design optimization procedure of axial flow hydraulic turbine, an improved quasi-three-dimensional inverse method has been proposed from the viewpoint of system and a set of rotational flow governing equations as well as a blade geometry design equation has been derived. The computation domain is firstly taken from the inlet of guide vane to

  7. Flow Characteristics in an Augmentation Channel of a Direct Drive Turbine for Wave Power Generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prasad, Deepak; Zullah, Mohammed Asid; Choi, Young-Do; Lee, Young-Ho

    2010-06-01

    Cross flow turbine also known as Banki turbine, is a hydraulic turbine that may be classified as an impulse turbine. At present it has gained interest in small and low head establishments because of its simple structure, cost effectiveness and low maintenance. Therefore, the present paper expands on this idea and aims at implementing the Direct Drive Turbine (DDT) for wave power generation. Wave power has enormous amount of energy which is environmentally friendly, renewable and can be exploited to satisfy the energy needs. A Numerical Wave Tank (NWT) was used to simulate the sea conditions and after obtaining desired wave properties; the augmentation channel plus the front guide nozzle and rear chamber were integrated to the NWT. The augmentation channel consisted of a front nozzle, rear nozzle and an internal fluid region which represented the turbine housing. The front and rear nozzle were geometrically identical. Two different nozzle configurations were studied; spiral rear wall type and a straight rear wall type. In addition to this, the effect of front guide nozzle divergent angle was also studied. The general idea is to investigate how different augmentation channel geometry and front guide nozzle divergent angle affects the flow, the water horse power and the first stage (primary stage) energy conversion. The analysis was performed using a commercial CFD code of the ANSYS-CFX. The results of the flow in an augmentation channel of the Direct Drive Turbine in oscillating flow for all the cases are presented by means of pressure and velocity vectors. The water horse power (WHP) and first stage energy conversion for the models are also presented.

  8. EEMD-based wind turbine bearing failure detection using the generator stator current homopolar component

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    EEMD-based wind turbine bearing failure detection using the generator stator current homopolar turbine generators for stationary and non stationary cases. Keyword: Wind turbine, induction generator on the installed equipment because they are hardly accessible or even inaccessible [1]. 1.1. Wind turbine failure

  9. Performance of Double-step Savonius Rotor for Environmentally Friendly Hydraulic Turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakajima, Miyoshi; Iio, Shouichiro; Ikeda, Toshihiko

    The aim of this investigation is to develop an environmentally friendly nano-hydraulic turbine. Three type models of Savonius rotor are constructed and tested in a water tunnel to improve and clarify the power performance. Flow field around the rotor is examined visually to reveal the enhancement mechanisms of power coefficient using the double-step rotor. Flow visualization showed the difference of flow patterns at the central section between the standard (single-step) rotor and the double-step one. A meandering flow in the axial direction of the rotor was observed only for the double-step rotor. This flow had the pressure restoration effect at the returning blade's concave side and the torque strengthened effect at the advancing blade's convex side. As a consequence, the power coefficient was 10% improved.

  10. NEXT GENERATION GAS TURBINE (NGGT) SYSTEMS STUDY

    SciTech Connect

    Unknown

    2001-12-05

    Building upon the 1999 AD Little Study, an expanded market analysis was performed by GE Power Systems in 2001 to quantify the potential demand for an NGGT product. This analysis concluded that improvements to the US energy situation might be best served in the near/mid term (2002-2009) by a ''Technology-Focused'' program rather than a specific ''Product-Focused'' program. Within this new program focus, GEPS performed a parametric screening study of options in the three broad candidate categories of gas turbines: aero-derivative, heavy duty, and a potential hybrid combining components of the other two categories. GEPS's goal was to determine the best candidate systems that could achieve the DOE PRDA expectations and GEPS's internal design criteria in the period specified for initial product introduction, circa 2005. Performance feasibility studies were conducted on candidate systems selected in the screening task, and critical technology areas were identified where further development would be required to meet the program goals. DOE PRDA operating parameters were found to be achievable by 2005 through evolutionary technology. As a result, the study was re-directed toward technology enhancements for interim product introductions and advanced/revolutionary technology for potential NGGT product configurations. Candidate technologies were identified, both evolutionary and revolutionary, with a potential for possible development products via growth step improvements. Benefits were analyzed from two perspectives: (1) What would be the attributes of the top candidate system assuming the relevant technologies were developed and available for an NGGT market opportunity in 2009/2010; and (2) What would be the expected level of public benefit, assuming relevant technologies were incorporated into existing new and current field products as they became available. Candidate systems incorporating these technologies were assessed as to how they could serve multiple applications, both in terms of incorporation of technology into current products, as well as to an NGGT product. In summary, potential program costs are shown for development of the candidate systems along with the importance of future DOE enabling participation. Three main conclusions have been established via this study: (1) Rapid recent changes within the power generation regulatory environment and the resulting ''bubble'' of gas turbine orders has altered the timing and relative significance associated with the conclusions of the ADL study upon which the original DOE NGGT solicitation was based. (2) Assuming that the relevant technologies were developed and available for an NGGT market opportunity circa 2010, the top candidate system that meets or exceeds the DOE PRDA requirements was determined to be a hybrid aero-derivative/heavy duty concept. (3) An investment by DOE of approximately $23MM/year to develop NGGT technologies near/mid term for validation and migration into a reasonable fraction of the installed base of GE F-class products could be leveraged into $1.2B Public Benefit, with greatest benefits resulting from RAM improvements. In addition to the monetary Public Benefit, there is also significant benefit in terms of reduced energy consumption, and reduced power plant land usage.

  11. Electrical power systems (Guatemala). Small generators and turbines, March 1992. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-03-01

    In Guatemala the market for all types of electrical power generator systems, including parts and accessories, increased from US $19.5 million in 1990 to US $25.5 in 1991 (up 30.7 percent). Guatemalan import statistics list within this category all types of turbines and hydraulic electric power generating engines, regardless of their size or power generating capacity. Also included in the study are all types of electrical generators that are moved or operated by an attached fuel powered engine. The outlook for future market demand for electrical power generating systems looks promising for the next three or four years, with an estimated average increase of 7.3 percent per year.

  12. ERCOT's Dynamic Model of Wind Turbine Generators: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C. P.; Conto, J.; Donoho, K.

    2005-08-01

    By the end of 2003, the total installed wind farm capacity in the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) system was approximately 1 gigawatt (GW) and the total in the United States was about 5 GW. As the number of wind turbines installed throughout the United States increases, there is a greater need for dynamic wind turbine generator models that can properly model entire power systems for different types of analysis. This paper describes the ERCOT dynamic models and simulations of a simple network with different types of wind turbine models currently available.

  13. High-speed power turbine for LM2500 + gas generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chellini

    1995-01-01

    Since the introduction, a concurrent engineering program has been carried out by the R&D departments of both Nuovo Pignone and GE M&I to develop a two-stage, high-speed power turbine (HSPT) for the LM2500+ gas turbine. The new HSPT was designed for use in mechanical drive applications - mainly pipeline centrifugal compressors - as well as for electric power generation. In

  14. Hydraulics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engelbrecht, Nancy; And Others

    These instructional materials provide an orientation to hydraulics for use at the postsecondary level. The first of 12 sections presents an introduction to hydraulics, including discussion of principles of liquids, definitions, liquid flow, the two types of hydraulic fluids, pressure gauges, and strainers and filters. The second section identifies…

  15. Topping turbine generator in blast furnace power house

    SciTech Connect

    Mooney, R.E. [REM Engineering, Roswell, GA (United States); Ganga, R.C. [The McBurney Corp., Norcross, GA (United States); Owen, P. [US Steel, Birmingham, AL (United States)

    1996-12-31

    A project to install a 22 megawatt topping turbine for waste heat utilization is described in this paper. Selection criteria, design, installation, startup, and initial operation are described in detail. The facility was initially depressurizing and desuperheating steam sufficient to generator 8 MW(e). Analysis showed that, with the addition of a low pressure feedwater heater, the capacity of the 900 psig boilers could be increased. This allowed a turbine generator capacity increase and a shutdown of the low pressure boilers. Minor startup problems were identified and corrected, and the project is generating significant revenue.

  16. Hydraulic impulse generator and frequency sweep mechanism for borehole applications

    DOEpatents

    Kolle, Jack J.; Marvin, Mark H.; Theimer, Kenneth J.

    2006-11-21

    This invention discloses a valve that generates a hydraulic negative pressure pulse and a frequency modulator for the creation of a powerful, broadband swept impulse seismic signal at the drill bit during drilling operations. The signal can be received at monitoring points on the surface or underground locations using geophones. The time required for the seismic signal to travel from the source to the receiver directly and via reflections is used to calculate seismic velocity and other formation properties near the source and between the source and receiver. This information can be used for vertical seismic profiling of formations drilled, to check the location of the bit, or to detect the presence of abnormal pore pressure ahead of the bit. The hydraulic negative pressure pulse can also be used to enhance drilling and production of wells.

  17. Performance improvement of wind turbine driven induction generator system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kanungo Barada Mohanty

    2008-01-01

    A variable speed wind energy conversion system, with fuzzy control for efficiency optimization and performance enhancement, is discussed in this paper. A squirrel cage induction generator driven by a vertical axis wind turbine feeds the power to a utility grid through two double side pulse width modulated converter system. The generation control system uses three fuzzy controllers. The first fuzzy

  18. Integration of wind turbine, SOFC and microturbine in distributed generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. K. Saha; S. Chowdhury; C. T. Gaunt

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports the study of dynamic behaviour of an integrated distributed generation (DG) system comprising wind turbines (WTs), solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and microturbine (MT) under variable loading profile. WTs coupled to permanent magnet generators (PMGs) are combined with the SOFC and the MT to meet the total load demand. The fluctuations in the output of the WTs due

  19. Pitch-controlled variable-speed wind turbine generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduard Muljadi; C. P. Butterfield

    2001-01-01

    This paper covers the operation of variable-speed wind turbines with pitch control. The system the authors considered is controlled to generate maximum energy while minimizing loads. The maximization of energy was only carried out on a static basis and only drive train loads were considered as a constraint. In low to medium wind speeds, the generator and the power converter

  20. Low frequency noise from MW wind turbines --mechanisms of generation

    E-print Network

    Low frequency noise from MW wind turbines -- mechanisms of generation and its modeling Helge April 2008 #12;Author: Helge Aagaard Madsen Risø-R-1637(EN) April 2008 Title: Low frequency noise from the mechanisms of generation of low frequency noise (LFN) for upwind rotors has been investigated. A 3.6 MW

  1. 9. VIEW OF FRANCIS TURBINE, GENERATOR DRIVE SHAFT. NOTE ORIGINAL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. VIEW OF FRANCIS TURBINE, GENERATOR DRIVE SHAFT. NOTE ORIGINAL EXCITER AND GENERATOR RHEOSTATS ATOP CONTROL PANEL AT REAR. CONTROL PANEL IS ORIGINAL EXCEPT FOR HORIZONTAL TOP PANEL WITH CLOCK AT LEFT AND SYNCHROSCOPE AT RIGHT, LOOKING EAST - Centerville Hydroelectric System, Powerhouse, Butte Creek, Centerville, Butte County, CA

  2. Advanced Wind Turbine Program Next Generation Turbine Development Project: June 17, 1997--April 30, 2005

    SciTech Connect

    GE Wind Energy, LLC

    2006-05-01

    This document reports the technical results of the Next Generation Turbine Development Project conducted by GE Wind Energy LLC. This project is jointly funded by GE and the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory.The goal of this project is for DOE to assist the U.S. wind industry in exploring new concepts and applications of cutting-edge technology in pursuit of the specific objective of developing a wind turbine that can generate electricity at a levelized cost of energy of $0.025/kWh at sites with an average wind speed of 15 mph (at 10 m height).

  3. Composite rotor blades for wind turbine generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. D. Weigel

    1981-01-01

    The materials, techniques, and methods used to construct a 150 ft test blade, two 31 ft blades for a 40 kW WECS, and rotor blades for the Mod-1 wind turbine are described. Considerations of strength, stiffness, and mass distributions, as well as cost, led to the choice of filament wound fiberglass\\/epoxy material using transverse filament tape which has structural fibers

  4. Influence of bearing support structures on shaft vibration of large hydraulic pump/turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Pistner, C.A.; Greenplate, B.S. [Voith, Hydro, Inc., Pennsylvania, PA (United States); Waddell, A.M. [Tennessee Valley Authority, Chattanooga, TN (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Start-up transient loads from pump/turbine impellers can cause excessive vibration problems in the shaft system. If the radial guide bearing supports are structurally soft or loose, or if the bearings are worn, the resulting radial shaft movement causes abnormal wear. The wear normally occurs at the impeller sealing surfaces, main shaft seals, motor/generator components, piping, brackets, foundation connections, etc. This paper explores the critical factors causing shaft system vibration problems at the Tennessee Valley Authority`s Raccoon Mountain Pumped Storage Plant, as well as the unique modifications which were implemented to strengthen and improve the units. The solution involved extensive three-dimensional finite element structural and thermal transient analyses of the original and re-designed turbine shoe bearing, bearing housings, and support structures. The conclusion compares the calculated and measured shaft system response to transient loads of the original and modified system.

  5. The 100 kW experimental wind turbine generator project

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Puthoff, R. L.; Sirocky, P.

    1975-01-01

    The Energy Research and Development Administration and the NASA Lewis Research Center engaged jointly in a Wind Energy Program which included the design and erection of a 100 kW wind turbine generator. This test machine consists of a rotor turbine, transmission, shaft, alternator, and tower. The rotor, measuring 125 feet in diameter and consisting of two variable pitch blades, operates at 40 rpm and generates 100 kW of electrical power at a wind velocity of 18 mph. The entire assembly is placed on top of a tower 100 feet above ground level. The machine was scheduled to be ready for operation in August, 1975.

  6. Coordinate Control of Wind Turbine and Battery in Wind Turbine Generator System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senjyu, Tomonobu; Kikunaga, Yasuaki; Tokudome, Motoki; Uehara, Akie; Yona, Atsushi; Funabashi, Toshihisa

    Battery is installed for with wind power generator to level the output power fluctuations, since output power fluctuations of wind power generator are large. However, if large battery is installed in wind turbine generator, the capital cost for wind power system will increase. Hence, the smallest size of battery should be preferable to save the capital cost. In this paper, we propose a methodology for controlling combined system output power and storage energy capacity of battery system. The system consists of wind turbine generator and battery energy storage system. The generated power fluctuation in low and high frequency range are smoothed by pitch angle control and battery charge or discharge. This coordinated control reduces the rated battery capacity and windmill blade stress. In our proposed method, we apply H? control theory to achieve good response and robustness. The effectiveness of the proposed control system is simulated.

  7. Methods and apparatus for cooling wind turbine generators

    DOEpatents

    Salamah, Samir A. (Niskayuna, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya (Rexford, NY); Garg, Jivtesh (Schenectady, NY); Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Alplaus, NY); Carl, Jr., Ralph James (Clifton Park, NY)

    2008-10-28

    A wind turbine generator includes a stator having a core and a plurality of stator windings circumferentially spaced about a generator longitudinal axis. A rotor is rotatable about the generator longitudinal axis, and the rotor includes a plurality of magnetic elements coupled to the rotor and cooperating with the stator windings. The magnetic elements are configured to generate a magnetic field and the stator windings are configured to interact with the magnetic field to generate a voltage in the stator windings. A heat pipe assembly thermally engaging one of the stator and the rotor to dissipate heat generated in the stator or rotor.

  8. Development of an axial microturbine for a portable gas turbine generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Peirs; Dominiek Reynaerts; Filip Verplaetsen

    2003-01-01

    A miniature gas turbine is under development with the aim of generating electrical energy from fuel. This system consists of a compressor, combustion chamber, turbine and generator. The turbine is a single-stage axial impulse turbine (Laval turbine) with a rotor diameter of 10 mm, made of stainless steel using die-sinking electro-discharge machining. It has been tested with compressed air to

  9. Hydraulics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decker, Robert L.

    Designed for use in courses where students are expected to become proficient in the area of hydraulics, including diesel engine mechanic programs, this curriculum guide is comprised of fourteen units of instruction. Unit titles include (1) Introduction, (2) Fundamentals of Hydraulics, (3) Reservoirs, (4) Lines, Fittings, and Couplers, (5) Seals,…

  10. Degradation of Phosphate Ester Hydraulic Fluid in Power Station Turbines Investigated by a Three-Magnet Unilateral Magnet Array

    PubMed Central

    Guo, Pan; He, Wei; García-Naranjo, Juan C.

    2014-01-01

    A three-magnet array unilateral NMR sensor with a homogeneous sensitive spot was employed for assessing aging of the turbine oils used in two different power stations. The Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) sequence and Inversion Recovery-prepared CPMG were employed for measuring the 1H-NMR transverse and longitudinal relaxation times of turbine oils with different service status. Two signal components with different lifetimes were obtained by processing the transverse relaxation curves with a numeric program based on the Inverse Laplace Transformation. The long lifetime components of the transverse relaxation time T2eff and longitudinal relaxation time T1 were chosen to monitor the hydraulic fluid aging. The results demonstrate that an increase of the service time of the turbine oils clearly results in a decrease of T2eff,long and T1,long. This indicates that the T2eff,long and T1,long relaxation times, obtained from the unilateral magnetic resonance measurements, can be applied as indices for degradation of the hydraulic fluid in power station turbines. PMID:24736132

  11. Degradation of phosphate ester hydraulic fluid in power station turbines investigated by a three-magnet unilateral magnet array.

    PubMed

    Guo, Pan; He, Wei; García-Naranjo, Juan C

    2014-01-01

    A three-magnet array unilateral NMR sensor with a homogeneous sensitive spot was employed for assessing aging of the turbine oils used in two different power stations. The Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) sequence and Inversion Recovery-prepared CPMG were employed for measuring the ¹H-NMR transverse and longitudinal relaxation times of turbine oils with different service status. Two signal components with different lifetimes were obtained by processing the transverse relaxation curves with a numeric program based on the Inverse Laplace Transformation. The long lifetime components of the transverse relaxation time T?eff and longitudinal relaxation time T? were chosen to monitor the hydraulic fluid aging. The results demonstrate that an increase of the service time of the turbine oils clearly results in a decrease of T?eff,long and T?,long. This indicates that the T?eff,long and T?,long relaxation times, obtained from the unilateral magnetic resonance measurements, can be applied as indices for degradation of the hydraulic fluid in power station turbines. PMID:24736132

  12. Dynamic modeling of doubly fed induction generator wind turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janaka B. Ekanayake; Lee Holdsworth; XueGuang Wu; Nicholas Jenkins

    2003-01-01

    It is now recognized that many large wind farms will employ doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) variable speed wind turbines. A number of such wind farms are already in operation and more are planned or under construction. With the rising penetration of wind power into electricity networks, increasingly comprehensive studies are required to identify the interaction between the wind farm(s)

  13. Single module pressurized fuel cell turbine generator system

    DOEpatents

    George, Raymond A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Veyo, Stephen E. (Murrysville, PA); Dederer, Jeffrey T. (Valencia, PA)

    2001-01-01

    A pressurized fuel cell system (10), operates within a common pressure vessel (12) where the system contains fuel cells (22), a turbine (26) and a generator (98) where preferably, associated oxidant inlet valve (52), fuel inlet valve (56) and fuel cell exhaust valve (42) are outside the pressure vessel.

  14. 11. VIEW NORTHEAST OF HYDROELECTRIC GENERATING FACILITY SHOWING TURBINE FIT ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. VIEW NORTHEAST OF HYDROELECTRIC GENERATING FACILITY SHOWING TURBINE FIT WITH INTAKE TRASH RACK AT WATER LINE AND SWITCH GEAR ON TOP - Middle Creek Hydroelectric Dam, On Middle Creek, West of U.S. Route 15, 3 miles South of Selinsgrove, Selinsgrove, Snyder County, PA

  15. A Semiautomatic Approach to Deriving Turbine Generator Diagnostic Knowledge

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Todd; Stephen D. J. Mcarthur; James R. Mcdonald; Sally J. Shaw

    2007-01-01

    Condition monitoring of turbine generators, housed at British Energy nuclear power stations throughout the U.K., is implemented to diagnose incipient faults at an early stage, so corrective action can be taken to avoid the associated high costs of an unplanned shutdown. A prototype expert system has been developed that provides decision support to condition monitoring experts who monitor British Energy

  16. Wind turbine generator with improved operating subassemblies

    SciTech Connect

    Cheney Jr., M. C.

    1985-10-08

    A wind turbine includes a yaw spring return assembly to return the nacelle from a position to which it has been rotated by yawing forces, thus preventing excessive twisting of the power cables and control cables. It also includes negative coning restrainers to limit the bending of the flexible arms of the rotor towards the tower, and stop means on the rotor shaft to orient the blades in a vertical position during periods when the unit is upwind when the wind commences. A pendulum pitch control mechanism is improved by orienting the pivot axis for the pendulum arm at an angle to the longitudinal axis of its support arm, and excessive creep is of the synthetic resin flexible beam support for the blades is prevented by a restraining cable which limits the extent of pivoting of the pendulum during normal operation but which will permit further pivoting under abnormal conditions to cause the rotor to stall.

  17. Optimization of robotic welding procedures for maintenance repair of hydraulic turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Lamarche, L.; Galopin, M. [Ecole Technologie Superieure, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Simoneau, R.; Lassoeur, P. [Hydro-Quebec, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

    1996-12-31

    A six axes super-compact robot is used for field repair of cavitation damages found on the discharge ring of hydraulic turbines. Optimization of overlay welding procedures to minimize surface distortion and reduce tearing forces on anchors in concrete, were studied through experimentation and FEM modelling. Planned experimentation has been used to develop optimum pulsed GMAW schedules of stainless steel overlays in 2G position. Best welding sequence was resolved through over lay welding of free plates. Each overlay consisted in one or two layers which were welded in the longitudinal and/or transverse direction of the rectangular plate. A bidirectional welding mode, a longitudinal layer followed by a transverse layer position and no cooling between the two layers, were found to be most effective in reducing distortion. The optimized 2G welding procedure was applied to a simulated field repair. Plate was anchored on a massive iron bracket with a set of instrumented bolts, to understand how normal tearing forces in anchors evolve. Preliminary results on FEM modelling of lateral force on anchors indicate good correlation with experiments, for an elementary design.

  18. Exposure of aircraft maintenance technicians to organophosphates from hydraulic fluids and turbine oils: a pilot study.

    PubMed

    Schindler, Birgit Karin; Koslitz, Stephan; Weiss, Tobias; Broding, Horst Christoph; Brüning, Thomas; Bünger, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Hydraulic fluids and turbine oils contain organophosphates like tricresyl phosphate isomers, triphenyl phosphate and tributyl phosphate from very small up to high percentages. The aim of this pilot study was to determine if aircraft maintenance technicians are exposed to relevant amounts of organophosphates. Dialkyl and diaryl phosphate metabolites of seven organophosphates were quantified in pre- and post-shift spot urine samples of technicians (N=5) by GC-MS/MS after solid phase extraction and derivatization. Pre- and post shift values of tributyl phosphate metabolites (dibutyl phosphate (DBP): median pre-shift: 12.5 ?g/L, post-shift: 23.5 ?g/L) and triphenyl phosphate metabolites (diphenyl phosphate (DPP): median pre-shift: 2.9 ?g/L, post-shift: 3.5 ?g/L) were statistically higher than in a control group from the general population (median DBP: <0.25 ?g/L, median DPP: 0.5 ?g/L). No tricresyl phosphate metabolites were detected. The aircraft maintenance technicians were occupationally exposed to tributyl and triphenyl phosphate but not to tricresyl phosphate, tri-(2-chloroethyl)- and tri-(2-chloropropyl)-phosphate. Further studies are necessary to collect information on sources, routes of uptake and varying exposures during different work tasks, evaluate possible health effects and to set up appropriate protective measures. PMID:23597959

  19. Wind Turbine Bearing Failure Detection Using Generator Stator Current Homopolar Component

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Wind Turbine Bearing Failure Detection Using Generator Stator Current Homopolar Component Ensemble for stationary and non stationary cases. Index Terms-Wind turbine, induction generator, bearing failure, ensemble developed for wind turbine electric generator condition monitoring in order to prolong their life span

  20. Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer by Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe Sc, Berkeley Spring 2007 #12;Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving Dynamometer Copyright c 2007 by Stephen Rehmeyer Pepe #12;Abstract Testing Small Wind Turbine Generators: Design of a Driving

  1. A Systemic Design Methodology of PM Generators for Fixed-Pitch Marine Current Turbines

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Systemic Design Methodology of PM Generators for Fixed-Pitch Marine Current Turbines Sofiane of permanent magnet (PM) generator associated with fixed-pitch turbine for tidal energy generation. The main problem with marine current turbines systems are the maintenance requirements of the drive

  2. Doubly fed induction generator systems for wind turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Muller; M. Deicke; R. W. De Doncker

    2002-01-01

    This article shows that adjustable speed generators for wind turbines are necessary when output power becomes higher than 1 MW. The doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) system presented in this article offers many advantages to reduce cost and has the potential to be built economically at power levels above 1.5 MW, e.g., for off-shore applications. A dynamic model of the

  3. Lightning-accommodation systems for wind-turbine-generator safety

    SciTech Connect

    Bankaitis, H.

    1981-01-01

    Wind turbine generators are being evaluated as alternate sources of electrical energy. The wind turbine safety program identifies the naturally occurring lightning phenomenon as a hazard with the potential to cause loss of program objectives, injure personnel, damage system instrumentation, structure or support equipment and facilities. The Lewis Research Center is responsible for the development of large wind turbines in the 100 kW to multimegawatt size range. In support of this program, several candidate methods of lightning accommodation for each blade have been designed, analyzed, and tested by submitting sample blade sections to simulated lightning. At the present time, lightning accommodation systems for composite blades are being individually developed. Their effectiveness is evaluated by submitting the systems to simulated lightning strikes. The test data are analyzed and system designs are reviewed on the basis of the analysis. This activity is directed at defining design and procedural constraints, requirements for safety devices and warning methods, special procedures, protective equipment and personnel training.

  4. Control of Next Generation Aircraft and Wind Turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frost, Susan

    2010-01-01

    The first part of this talk will describe some of the exciting new next generation aircraft that NASA is proposing for the future. These aircraft are being designed to reduce aircraft fuel consumption and environmental impact. Reducing the aircraft weight is one approach that will be used to achieve these goals. A new control framework will be presented that enables lighter, more flexible aircraft to maintain aircraft handling qualities, while preventing the aircraft from exceeding structural load limits. The second part of the talk will give an overview of utility-scale wind turbines and their control. Results of collaboration with Dr. Balas will be presented, including new theory to adaptively control the turbine in the presence of structural modes, with the focus on the application of this theory to a high-fidelity simulation of a wind turbine.

  5. Hybrid Power Generation System Using Offshore-Wind Turbine and Tidal Turbine for Power Fluctuation Compensation (HOT-PC)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohammad Lutfur Rahman; Shunsuke Oka; Yasuyuki Shirai

    2010-01-01

    Hybrid power generation system using Offshore-wind turbine and Tidal turbine for Power fluctuation Compensation (HOT-PC) is an autonomous power system. Electric power is generated from both offshore wind and tidal and is distributed over the load system. Power quality problems such as frequency fluctuations and voltage sags, which arise due to a fault or a pulsed load, can cause interruptions

  6. Composite rotor blades for wind turbine generators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weigel, W. D.

    The materials, techniques, and methods used to construct a 150 ft test blade, two 31 ft blades for a 40 kW WECS, and rotor blades for the Mod-1 wind turbine are described. Considerations of strength, stiffness, and mass distributions, as well as cost, led to the choice of filament wound fiberglass/epoxy material using transverse filament tape which has structural fibers running across the width of the tape. A number of 90 deg windings were added to the rotor after tape winding to provide compaction and hoop strength. Curing comprised five hours at 180 F. The Mod-1 blades were required to match the steel blades in weight, stiffness, deflection, and frequencies. The finished product weighed 20,000 lb and featured a metal tip cap and braided wire trailing edge strap for lightning protection. The 40 kW was a NACA 23018 in the center and 23012 at the tip, while the Mod-1 blade was a NACA 23025 in the center and 23015 at the tip.

  7. Design optimization of axial flow hydraulic turbine runner: Part I - an improved Q3D inverse method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peng, Guoyi; Cao, Shuliang; Ishizuka, Masaru; Hayama, Shinji

    2002-06-01

    With the aim of constructing a comprehensive design optimization procedure of axial flow hydraulic turbine, an improved quasi-three-dimensional inverse method has been proposed from the viewpoint of system and a set of rotational flow governing equations as well as a blade geometry design equation has been derived. The computation domain is firstly taken from the inlet of guide vane to the far outlet of runner blade in the inverse method and flows in different regions are solved simultaneously. So the influence of wicket gate parameters on the runner blade design can be considered and the difficulty to define the flow condition at the runner blade inlet is surmounted. As a pre-computation of initial blade design on S2m surface is newly adopted, the iteration of S1 and S2m surfaces has been reduced greatly and the convergence of inverse computation has been improved. The present model has been applied to the inverse computation of a Kaplan turbine runner. Experimental results and the direct flow analysis have proved the validation of inverse computation. Numerical investigations show that a proper enlargement of guide vane distribution diameter is advantageous to improve the performance of axial hydraulic turbine runner. Copyright

  8. Design with constructal theory: Steam generators, turbines and heat exchangers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Yong Sung

    This dissertation shows that the architecture of steam generators, steam turbines and heat exchangers for power plants can be predicted on the basis of the constructal law. According to constructal theory, the flow architecture emerges such that it provides progressively greater access to its currents. Each chapter shows how constructal theory guides the generation of designs in pursuit of higher performance. Chapter two shows the tube diameters, the number of riser tubes, the water circulation rate and the rate of steam production are determined by maximizing the heat transfer rate from hot gases to riser tubes and minimizing the global flow resistance under the fixed volume constraint. Chapter three shows how the optimal spacing between adjacent tubes, the number of tubes for the downcomer and the riser and the location of the flow reversal for the continuous steam generator are determined by the intersection of asymptotes method, and by minimizing the flow resistance under the fixed volume constraints. Chapter four shows that the mass inventory for steam turbines can be distributed between high pressure and low pressure turbines such that the global performance of the power plant is maximal under the total mass constraint. Chapter five presents the more general configuration of a two-stream heat exchanger with forced convection of the hot side and natural circulation on the cold side. Chapter six demonstrates that segmenting a tube with condensation on the outer surface leads to a smaller thermal resistance, and generates design criteria for the performance of multi-tube designs.

  9. Dynamic modelling of a wind turbine with doubly fed induction generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. G. Slootweg; H. Polinder; W. L. Kling

    2001-01-01

    As a result of increasing environmental concern, more and more electricity is generated from renewable sources. One way of generating electricity from renewable sources is to use wind turbines. A tendency to erect more and more wind turbines can be observed. As a result of this, in the near future wind turbines may start to influence the behaviour of electrical

  10. Flicker study on variable speed wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tao Sun; Zhe Chen; F. Blaabjerg

    2005-01-01

    Grid connected wind turbines may produce flicker during continuous operation. This paper presents a simulation model of a MW-level variable speed wind turbine with a doubly fed induction generator developed in the simulation tool of PSCAD\\/EMTDC. Flicker emission of variable speed wind turbines with doubly fed induction generators is investigated during continuous operation, and the dependence of flicker emission on

  11. Wind Turbines Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis Using Generator Current Amplitude

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Wind Turbines Condition Monitoring and Fault Diagnosis Using Generator Current Amplitude in the research of renewable energy sources. In order to make wind turbines as competitive as the classical detection in a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) based wind turbine for stationary and nonstationary

  12. 554 IEEE JOURNAL OF OCEANIC ENGINEERING, VOL. 37, NO. 3, JULY 2012 Generator Systems for Marine Current Turbine

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Current Turbine Applications: A Comparative Study Seifeddine Benelghali, Member, IEEE, Mohamed El Hachemi for marine current turbines are mainly related to works that have been carried out on wind turbines and ship turbines. As in the wind turbine context, doubly-fed induction generators and permanent magnet generators

  13. Crack Growth Prediction of the Steam Turbine Generator Shaft

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Dongxiang; Liu, Chao

    2011-07-01

    The power network in China is encountering great changes and large-scale network is increasingly implemented for long distance power transmission as well as various kinds of power electronic devices, which bring in the risk of the torsional vibration of the turbine generator shafts, may cause the fatigue damage and cracks in the product life cycle. The paper analyzed the failed coupling of some 600MW steam turbine generator and calculated the local stress of the assembly under torsional load caused by the network disturbance. Then the crack propagation was analyzed with the predicted crack initiation position and crack propagation routine. The assembled coupling contains shaft, coupling and keys with interferences between the parts. Therefore the contact analysis was included. Extended Finite Element Method (X-FEM) is used to calculate the crack propagation and that the mesh needs not to be regenerated with the crack propagation, which is beneficial for engineering applications.

  14. Biomass gasification for gas turbine-based power generation

    SciTech Connect

    Paisley, M.A.; Anson, D. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States)

    1998-04-01

    The Biomass Power Program of the US Department of Energy (DOE) has as a major goal the development of cost-competitive technologies for the production of power from renewable biomass crops. The gasification of biomass provides the potential to meet this goal by efficiently and economically producing a renewable source of a clean gaseous fuel suitable for use in high-efficiency gas turbines. This paper discusses the development and first commercial demonstration of the Battelle high-throughput gasification process for power generation systems. Projected process economics are presented along with a description of current experimental operations coupling a gas turbine power generation system to the research scale gasifier and the process scaleup activities in Burlington, Vermont.

  15. Wind turbine/generator set and method of making same

    DOEpatents

    Bevington, Christopher M.; Bywaters, Garrett L.; Coleman, Clint C.; Costin, Daniel P.; Danforth, William L.; Lynch, Jonathan A.; Rolland, Robert H.

    2013-06-04

    A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor assembly via a simplified connection. The wind rotor and generator rotor assembly are rotatably mounted on a central spindle via a bearing assembly. The wind rotor hub includes an opening having a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the central spindle adjacent the bearing assembly so as to allow access to the bearing assembly from a cavity inside the wind rotor hub. The spindle is attached to a turret supported by a tower. Each of the spindle, turret and tower has an interior cavity that permits personnel to traverse therethrough to the cavity of the wind rotor hub. The wind turbine further includes a frictional braking system for slowing, stopping or keeping stopped the rotation of the wind rotor and rotor assembly.

  16. Steam turbine generators -from NC manufacturing to CAD/CAM

    SciTech Connect

    Searle, D.R.; King, F.E.; Kiniskern, J.M.

    1985-04-01

    A program has been designed to integrate engineering, manufacturing, and business systems using a common data base. There has been a significant increase in benefits obtained by extending the automation of the design/drafting function to include manufacturing operations. This extension would have been difficult without the existence of highly developed family-of-parts NC programs. The integration concept has also been applied to turbine buckets and is being extended to other turning-generator components.

  17. Preliminary design and viability consideration of external, shroud-based stators in wind turbine generators

    E-print Network

    Shoemaker-Trejo, Nathaniel (Nathaniel Joseph)

    2012-01-01

    Horizontal-axis wind turbine designs often included gearboxes or large direct-drive generators to compensate for the low peripheral speeds of the turbine hub. To take advantage of high blade tip speeds, an alternative ...

  18. Hydraulics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    These interactive learning objects, created by instructors from Fox Valley Technical College and other colleges in the Wisconsin Technical College program, focus on concepts that cover a broad-based electromechanical program. Here visitors will find learning objects in Hydraulics with over 25 lessons in Actuators, Relief Valves, Basic Concepts, and Directional Control Valves.

  19. Compensation Method for Fluctuation Power of Wind Power Generation Using Biomass Gas Turbine Generator and Flywheel Energy Storage Equipment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masahiko Hara; Naoki Yamamura; Muneaki Ishida; Masaaki Wakita; Yasunari Kamada; Takao Maeda

    2008-01-01

    The power generation using natural energy contains electric power fluctuation. Therefore, in order to put such power generation system to practical use, compensation for system power fluctuation is needed. In this paper, we propose a power compensation method using biomass gas turbine generator and flywheel energy storage equipment. The gas turbine generator is used for compensation of low frequency power

  20. The Darrieus wind turbine for electrical power generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. L. Robinson

    1981-01-01

    Aspects of wind as an energy source and the momentum theory of wind turbines are briefly examined. Types of Darrieus wind turbine are described; attention is given to a turbine with airfoil blades curved in troposkein form, and a turbine with straight blades of fixed or variable pitch. The Darrieus vertical-axis wind turbine is then considered with regard to aerodynamics,

  1. Feasibility study of 5 MW superconducting wind turbine generator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abrahamsen, A. B.; Jensen, B. B.; Seiler, E.; Mijatovic, N.; Rodriguez-Zermeno, V. M.; Andersen, N. H.; Østergård, J.

    2011-11-01

    The feasibility of installing a direct drive superconducting generator in the 5 MW reference offshore wind turbine of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been examined. The engineering current densities Je obtained in a series of race track coils have been combined with magnetization measurements to estimate the properties of suitable field coils for a synchronous generator, which is more light weight than the conventional used combination of a gear box and a fast rotating generator. An analytical model and finite element simulations have been used to estimate the active mass of generators with varying number of poles. A 24 pole machine with an outer diameter of 4.2 m and active length and mass of 1.2 m and 34 tons is suggested possible, if a Je = 300 A/mm 2 can be obtained in B = 4 T pointing to an operation temperature around 40 K.

  2. On Impedance Spectroscopy Contribution to Failure Diagnosis in Wind Turbine Generators

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    On Impedance Spectroscopy Contribution to Failure Diagnosis in Wind Turbine Generators Mohamed Becherif1 , El Houssin El Bouchikhi2 and Mohamed Benbouzid2 Abstract ­ Wind turbines proliferation of six 1.5-MW wind turbines connected to a 25-kV distribution system that exports power to a 120-kV grid

  3. Development of a New Procedure for Reliability Modeling of Wind Turbine Generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Giorsetto; Kent F. Utsurogi

    1983-01-01

    A method for determining the impact of wind generation on system reliability is developed. This method combines the effects of wind turbine forced outage rates and varying power output due to wind speed variations. Since individual wind turbines on a windfarm all have an output related to wind speed, each turbine's output cannot be assumed to be independent random variables.

  4. A Silicon-Based Micro Gas Turbine Engine for Power Generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    X.-C. Shan; Z.-F. Wang; Ryutaro Maeda; Y. F. Sun; M. Wu; J. S. Hua

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on our research in developing a micro power generation system based on gas turbine engine and piezoelectric converter. The micro gas turbine engine consists of a micro combustor, a turbine and a centrifugal compressor. Comprehensive simulation has been implemented to optimal the component design. We have successfully demonstrated a silicon-based micro combustor, which consists of seven layers

  5. The Thermal Hydraulics of Tube Support Fouling in Nuclear Steam Generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helena E. C. Rummens; J. T. Rogers; C. W. Turner

    2004-01-01

    It is hypothesized that the thermal-hydraulic environment plays a role in the fouling of tube supports in nuclear steam generators. Experiments were performed to simulate the thermal-hydraulic environment near various designs of supports. Pressure loss, local velocity, turbulence intensity, and local void fraction were measured to characterize the effect of the support. Fouling mechanisms specific to supports were inferred from

  6. Variable speed wind turbine generator with zero-sequence filter

    DOEpatents

    Muljadi, E.

    1998-08-25

    A variable speed wind turbine generator system to convert mechanical power into electrical power or energy and to recover the electrical power or energy in the form of three phase alternating current and return the power or energy to a utility or other load with single phase sinusoidal waveform at sixty (60) hertz and unity power factor includes an excitation controller for generating three phase commanded current, a generator, and a zero sequence filter. Each commanded current signal includes two components: a positive sequence variable frequency current signal to provide the balanced three phase excitation currents required in the stator windings of the generator to generate the rotating magnetic field needed to recover an optimum level of real power from the generator; and a zero frequency sixty (60) hertz current signal to allow the real power generated by the generator to be supplied to the utility. The positive sequence current signals are balanced three phase signals and are prevented from entering the utility by the zero sequence filter. The zero sequence current signals have zero phase displacement from each other and are prevented from entering the generator by the star connected stator windings. The zero sequence filter allows the zero sequence current signals to pass through to deliver power to the utility. 14 figs.

  7. RELAP5\\/MOD3 Analysis of Transient Steam-Generator Behavior During Turbine Trip Test of a Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor MONJU

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoshihisa Shindo; Hiroshi Endo; Tomoko Ishizu; Kazuo Haga

    2006-01-01

    In order to develop a thermal-hydraulic model of the steam-generator (SG) to simulate transient phenomena in the sodium cooled fast breeder reactor (FBR) MONJU, Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES) verified the SG model using the RELAP5\\/MOD3 code against the results of the turbine trip test at a 40% power load of MONJU. The modeling by using RELAP5 was considered

  8. Servo Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drive

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kok Kiong Tan; Andi Sudjana Putra

    \\u000a Among the various drives available, the hydraulic drive ranks at the forefront in terms of application history. The history\\u000a of hydraulic power dated to the beginning of civilization, where artefacts show the applications of water turbines in power\\u000a generation (Wikander, Handbook of Ancient Water Technology: Technology and Change in History, Brill, Leiden, 2000). However, more significant progress in this field

  9. Generation of synthetic precipitation in the context of hydraulic engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Müller, Thomas; Bárdossy, András

    2015-04-01

    For many applications in hydraulic engineering tasks long term precipitation time series in a high resolution and with a good quality are necessary. However, measured precipitation time series that fulfill all these requirements are rarely available. Synthetic precipitation time series may be a solution to generate precipitation where measurements are lacking. A data driven, stochastical approach to simulate synthetic precipitation is applied in this study. The approach uses statistical properties of measured data in order to set up an initial synthetic time series as well as its optimization. In a first step the initial time series is created with the desired marginal distribution, but a random temporal order. In a second step, single values of the initial time series are randomly swapped, until the statistics of the synthetic time series describing the temporal structure fit to the target statistics of measurements. With this approach the optimization of almost any statistic of the time series is possible. Due to the complexity of precipitation, synthetic precipitation time series cannot reflect all the properties of natural precipitation correctly. However, this is not the major task as synthetic time series only have to represent statistics that are relevant for subsequent applications. Depending on the considered problem the necessary statistics of the precipitation time series might be different. For example, for questions concerning dimensioning sewer networks mostly high precipitation events are important, whereas for planning or optimizing combined sewer systems also small and medium events have to be considered. In this study it will be shown, that a statistical analysis of some common parameters of synthetic precipitation may not be sufficient to show the applicability for a certain task. In fact, the important statistics of precipitation time series for the given problem have to be identified. It can be further shown, that as soon as these statistics are identified and correctly reproduced in synthetic time series, the results of subsequent applications can be improved.

  10. Repair of Kaplan turbine shaft sealing based on evaluation of hydraulic conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lakatos, K.; Szamosi, Z.; Bereczkei, S.

    2012-11-01

    This paper has been written to call attention to a potential danger what may occur in Kaplan turbine refurbishments. In Tiszalök hydropower plant, Hungary, the shaft sealing of the refurbished turbine was damaged. In searching for the reasons it was assumed that due to increased internal velocities in the turbine, the pressure at the hub clearance became lower than the atmospheric pressure, and therefore the sealing, which always operated satisfactorily before the refurbishment, had uncertain water supply, dry-running occurred, and after some time the sealing was burnt. First the flow conditions in the turbine and the pressure at the hub clearance were calculated by a one-dimensional flow model. Later this was refined by a two-dimensional approach. The above conclusion was also justified by the data acquisition system and by observing the operation of the small dewatering pump. When the turbine operated at a larger discharge than a certain limit value, then the dewatering pump remained standstill, indicating that no water passed through the shaft sealing. External water supply was then applied, and after this the turbine operated all right.

  11. Short-Circuit Current of Wind Turbines With Doubly Fed Induction Generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johan Morren; Sjoerd W. H. de Haan

    2007-01-01

    The short-circuit current contribution of wind turbines has not received much attention so far. This paper considers the short-circuit behavior, especially the short-circuit current of wind turbines with a doubly fed induction generator. Mostly, these wind turbines have a crowbar to protect the power electronic converter that is connected to the rotor windings of the induction generator. First, the maximum

  12. The Darrieus wind turbine for electrical power generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robinson, M. L.

    1981-06-01

    Aspects of wind as an energy source and the momentum theory of wind turbines are briefly examined. Types of Darrieus wind turbine are described; attention is given to a turbine with airfoil blades curved in troposkein form, and a turbine with straight blades of fixed or variable pitch. The Darrieus vertical-axis wind turbine is then considered with regard to aerodynamics, annual energy output, structures, control systems, and energy storage. Brief reviews of selected Darrieus wind turbine projects are given, including those at Magdalen Islands, Canada, Sandia Laboratories, Reading University, and Australia and New Zealand.

  13. RENOVATION OF TURBINE CONTROL SYSTEM USING PLC-BASED FOR SMALL HYDROELECTRIC POWER GENERATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tanabodee Duangsoithong; Chanapan Kongnam

    This paper presents the development of PLC-based turbine control system for small hydroelectric power generation with Kaplan turbine type. The proposed system is a pilot project of modernization of power plant control system prepared for supplantation of worn electronic equipment or analog technology. The proposed system is implemented for Mae-Ngat hydro- power plant, under responsibility of the Electricity Generating Authority

  14. Removal of Dioxin Contamination for Gas Turbine Generator Set Repair

    SciTech Connect

    Fay, W. S.; Borah, R.E.

    2003-02-25

    Decontamination projects are typically undertaken in the interest of reducing disposal costs. This goal can be achieved because decontamination concentrates the contaminant into a smaller volume or changes its form so that a lower cost disposal technology becomes available. Less frequently, decontamination adds value back to the fouled structure or contaminated piece of equipment. This removal of dioxins from a gas turbine generator set is one of the latter cases. A multi-million dollar piece of equipment could have been destined for the scrap pile. Instead, an innovative, non-destructive decontamination technology, developed under EPA and DOE demonstration programs has was employed so that the set could repaired and put back into service. The TechXtractchemical decontamination technology reduced surface dioxin / furan concentrations from as high as 24,000 ng / m2 to less than 25 ng / m2 and below detection limits.

  15. Structural optimisation of permanent magnet direct drive generators for 5MW wind turbines 

    E-print Network

    Zavvos, Aristeidis

    2013-11-28

    This thesis focuses on permanent magnet "direct drive" electrical generators for wind turbines with large power output. A variety of such generator topologies is reviewed, tested and optimised in an attempt to increase ...

  16. Operational-Condition-Independent Criteria Dedicated to Monitoring Wind Turbine Generators: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, W.; Sheng, S.; Court, R.

    2012-08-01

    To date the existing wind turbine condition monitoring technologies and commercially available systems have not been fully accepted for improving wind turbine availability and reducing their operation and maintenance costs. One of the main reasons is that wind turbines are subject to constantly varying loads and operate at variable rotational speeds. As a consequence, the influences of turbine faults and the effects of varying load and speed are coupled together in wind turbine condition monitoring signals. So, there is an urgent need to either introduce some operational condition de-coupling procedures into the current wind turbine condition monitoring techniques or develop a new operational condition independent wind turbine condition monitoring technique to maintain high turbine availability and achieve the expected economic benefits from wind. The purpose of this paper is to develop such a technique. In the paper, three operational condition independent criteria are developed dedicated for monitoring the operation and health condition of wind turbine generators. All proposed criteria have been tested through both simulated and practical experiments. The experiments have shown that these criteria provide a solution for detecting both mechanical and electrical faults occurring in wind turbine generators.

  17. Effect of operating methods of wind turbine generator system on net power extraction under wind velocity fluctuations in fields

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tetsuya Wakui; Kazuya Yamaguchi; Takumi Hashizume; Eisuke Outa; Yoshiaki Tanzawa

    1999-01-01

    The effect of how a wind turbine generator system is operated is discussed from the viewpoint of net power extraction with wind velocity fluctuations in relation to the scale and the dynamic behavior of the system. On a wind turbine generator system consisting of a Darrieus-Savonius hybrid wind turbine, a load generator and a battery, we took up two operating

  18. Analytical investigation of thermal barrier coatings on advanced power generation gas turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Amos, D. J.

    1977-01-01

    An analytical investigation of present and advanced gas turbine power generation cycles incorporating thermal barrier turbine component coatings was performed. Approximately 50 parametric points considering simple, recuperated, and combined cycles (including gasification) with gas turbine inlet temperatures from current levels through 1644K (2500 F) were evaluated. The results indicated that thermal barriers would be an attractive means to improve performance and reduce cost of electricity for these cycles. A recommended thermal barrier development program has been defined.

  19. Phoenics code thermal hydraulic analysis of a prototype LMFBR straight tube steam generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. M. D. Van Essen; D. Kirkcaldy; P. J. Phelps

    1987-01-01

    In a joint study, carried out by Neratoom and Cham, a model has been developed using the PHOENICS-code to perform 2D and 3D steam generator calculations. The model is able to handle the most important characteristics of the thermal hydraulic behaviour of a steam generator. The feedwater flow distribution over the tubes of the bundle is calculated, without showing numerical

  20. Prediction of pressure fluctuation of a hydraulic turbine at no-load condition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, T. J.; Wu, X. J.; Liu, J. T.; Wu, Y. L.

    2015-01-01

    In order to study characteristics of pressure fluctuation of a turbine during the starting period, a turbine with guide vanes device at no-load condition was investigated using RNG k-epsilon turbulence model. The inner flow distribution and pressure fluctuation characteristics were analyzed. Results show that the pressure fluctuations in the region between the runner and guide vanes are different around the runner inlet. The dominant frequency of pressure fluctuation in the vaneless space close to the casing outlet is the blade passing frequency, while the dominant frequency at the rest region is the twice of the blade passing frequency. The increase of amplitude of pressure fluctuation close to the casing outlet can be attribute to the large scale stall at suction side of the runner inlet.

  1. Computational fluid dynamics modeling of turbine intake hydraulics at a hydropower plant

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liaqat A. Khan; Edward A. Wicklein; Mizan Rashid; Laurie L. Ebner; Natalie A. Richards

    2004-01-01

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Portland District is considering blocking the upper 12.3m of the turbine intakes at The Dalles Dam, Oregon with a J-shaped blocked trashrack (a steel panel in front of the existing trashrack). The objective is to create a forebay flow pattern aiding the downstream migration of juvenile fish. A three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics

  2. Doubly fed induction generator wind turbines with fuzzy controller: a survey.

    PubMed

    Sathiyanarayanan, J S; Kumar, A Senthil

    2014-01-01

    Wind energy is one of the extraordinary sources of renewable energy due to its clean character and free availability. With the increasing wind power penetration, the wind farms are directly influencing the power systems. The majority of wind farms are using variable speed wind turbines equipped with doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) due to their advantages over other wind turbine generators (WTGs). Therefore, the analysis of wind power dynamics with the DFIG wind turbines has become a very important research issue, especially during transient faults. This paper presents fuzzy logic control of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbine in a sample power system. Fuzzy logic controller is applied to rotor side converter for active power control and voltage regulation of wind turbine. PMID:25028677

  3. Doubly Fed Induction Generator Wind Turbines with Fuzzy Controller: A Survey

    PubMed Central

    Sathiyanarayanan, J. S.; Senthil Kumar, A.

    2014-01-01

    Wind energy is one of the extraordinary sources of renewable energy due to its clean character and free availability. With the increasing wind power penetration, the wind farms are directly influencing the power systems. The majority of wind farms are using variable speed wind turbines equipped with doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) due to their advantages over other wind turbine generators (WTGs). Therefore, the analysis of wind power dynamics with the DFIG wind turbines has become a very important research issue, especially during transient faults. This paper presents fuzzy logic control of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbine in a sample power system. Fuzzy logic controller is applied to rotor side converter for active power control and voltage regulation of wind turbine. PMID:25028677

  4. Case History of Reapplication of a 2500 KW Steam Turbine/Gear Drive Generator 

    E-print Network

    Smith, S.

    1991-01-01

    that extracts landfill gas and converts it to diesel fuel, naphtha and a high grade of wax. The plant requires a steam turbine generator set to produce electrical power for its base load operation. This paper covers the history of how the turbine, gear...

  5. Modeling of the wind turbine with a doubly fed induction generator for grid integration studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yazhou Lei; Alan Mullane; Gordon Lightbody; Robert Yacamini

    2006-01-01

    Due to its many advantages such as the improved power quality, high energy efficiency and controllability, etc. the variable speed wind turbine using a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) is becoming a popular concept and thus the modeling of the DFIG based wind turbine becomes an interesting research topic. Fundamental frequency models have been presented but these models are often

  6. Biomass & Natural Gas Based Hydrogen Fuel For Gas Turbine (Power Generation)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Significant progress has been made by major power generation equipment manufacturers in the development of market applications for hydrogen fuel use in gas turbines in recent years. Development of a new application using gas turbines for significant reduction of power plant CO2 e...

  7. Wind Turbine Generator System Duration Test Report for the Mariah Power Windspire Wind Turbine

    SciTech Connect

    Huskey, A.; Bowen, A.; Jager, D.

    2010-05-01

    This test was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. In total, five turbines are being tested at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) as a part of the first round of this project. Duration testing is one of up to five tests that may be performed on the turbines. Other tests include power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality tests. NWTC testing results provide manufacturers with reports that may be used to meet part of small wind turbine certification requirements. This duration test report focuses on the Mariah Power Windspire wind turbine.

  8. Feasibility of wind turbine diesel hybrid generators at McMurdo station, Antarctica. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Scott, L.B. Jr.; Wrigglesworth, W.; Blair, J.L.; Watters, R.

    1983-03-01

    The purpose of this report is to present the results of a study to determine the feasibility of a wind-turbine/diesel hybrid system for the generation of electricity at McMurdo Station, Antarctica. This introduction gives a short description of past and present energy systems at McMurdo, and describes some projected energy systems within which wind turbine generators would function. Feasibility is then discussed in terms of certain variables and performance parameters characterizing diesel-electric and wind turbine generator systems, and constraints defining the successful operation of these systems at McMurdo Station.

  9. Evolution of Westinghouse heavy-duty power generation and industrial combustion turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Scalzo, A.J.; Bannister, R.L. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Orlando, FL (United States). Power Generation Business Unit; DeCorso, M.; Howard, G.S.

    1996-04-01

    This paper reviews the evolution of heavy-duty power generation and industrial combustion turbines in the United States from a Westinghouse Electric Corporation perspective. Westinghouse combustion turbine genealogy began in March of 1943 when the first wholly American designed and manufactured jet engine went on test in Philadelphia, and continues today in Orlando, Florida, with the 230 MW, 501G combustion turbine. In this paper, advances in thermodynamics, materials, cooling, and unit size will be described. Many basic design features such as two-bearing rotor, cold-end drive, can-annular internal combustors, CURVIC{sup 2} clutched turbine disks, and tangential exhaust struts have endured successfully for over 40 years. Progress in turbine technology includes the clean coal technology and advanced turbine systems initiatives of the US Department of Energy.

  10. Development of an axial microturbine for a portable gas turbine generator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peirs, Jan; Reynaerts, Dominiek; Verplaetsen, Filip

    2003-07-01

    A miniature gas turbine is under development with the aim of generating electrical energy from fuel. This system consists of a compressor, combustion chamber, turbine and generator. The turbine is a single-stage axial impulse turbine (Laval turbine) with a rotor diameter of 10 mm, made of stainless steel using die-sinking electro-discharge machining. It has been tested with compressed air to speeds up to 160 000 rpm and generates a maximum mechanical power of 28 W with an efficiency of 18.4%. When coupled to a small generator, it generates 16 W of electrical power, which corresponds to an efficiency for the total system of 10.5%. The power density is mainly limited by the maximal speed of the ball bearings. The main losses are the blade profile losses and the exit losses. Higher speeds can considerably reduce the exit losses and therefore increase efficiency and power density. An improved turbine has been tested at temperatures up to 360 °C and generates up to 44 W of electrical energy with a total efficiency of 16%. A 20 mm diameter centrifugal compressor matching the pressure and flow characteristics of the turbine has been designed and is currently under construction.

  11. BIOMASS GASIFICATION AND POWER GENERATION USING ADVANCED GAS TURBINE SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect

    David Liscinsky

    2002-10-20

    A multidisciplined team led by the United Technologies Research Center (UTRC) and consisting of Pratt & Whitney Power Systems (PWPS), the University of North Dakota Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC), KraftWork Systems, Inc. (kWS), and the Connecticut Resource Recovery Authority (CRRA) has evaluated a variety of gasified biomass fuels, integrated into advanced gas turbine-based power systems. The team has concluded that a biomass integrated gasification combined-cycle (BIGCC) plant with an overall integrated system efficiency of 45% (HHV) at emission levels of less than half of New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) is technically and economically feasible. The higher process efficiency in itself reduces consumption of premium fuels currently used for power generation including those from foreign sources. In addition, the advanced gasification process can be used to generate fuels and chemicals, such as low-cost hydrogen and syngas for chemical synthesis, as well as baseload power. The conceptual design of the plant consists of an air-blown circulating fluidized-bed Advanced Transport Gasifier and a PWPS FT8 TwinPac{trademark} aeroderivative gas turbine operated in combined cycle to produce {approx}80 MWe. This system uses advanced technology commercial products in combination with components in advanced development or demonstration stages, thereby maximizing the opportunity for early implementation. The biofueled power system was found to have a levelized cost of electricity competitive with other new power system alternatives including larger scale natural gas combined cycles. The key elements are: (1) An Advanced Transport Gasifier (ATG) circulating fluid-bed gasifier having wide fuel flexibility and high gasification efficiency; (2) An FT8 TwinPac{trademark}-based combined cycle of approximately 80 MWe; (3) Sustainable biomass primary fuel source at low cost and potentially widespread availability-refuse-derived fuel (RDF); (4) An overall integrated system that exceeds the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) goal of 40% (HHV) efficiency at emission levels well below the DOE suggested limits; and (5) An advanced biofueled power system whose levelized cost of electricity can be competitive with other new power system alternatives.

  12. Numerical experiments on the sensitivity of runoff generation to the spatial variation of soil hydraulic properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herbst, Michael; Diekkrüger, Bernd; Vanderborght, Jan

    2006-07-01

    Spatially distributed soil hydraulic properties are required for distributed hydrological modelling. These soil hydraulic properties are known to vary significantly in space, and considering the non-linearity of runoff generation, the question arises how the spatial variation of soil hydraulic parameters affects the continuous runoff modelling for a micro-scale catchment. This was analysed by applying a three-dimensional hydrological model to the 28.6 ha 'Berrensiefen' catchment, Germany, for a simulation period of one year. The model was based on an observed distribution of soil hydraulic properties, which were assumed to be layered in vertical and to vary continuously in horizontal direction, and validated for total runoff. Numerical experiments with five spatial distributions of soil hydraulic parameters derived from the observed spatial distribution, which was supposed to be the 'true' underlying spatial variation, were carried out. These five spatial concepts were: choropleth map, spatially homogeneous case, random distribution, stochastic simulation and conditional stochastic simulation. The comparative modelling revealed a significant sensitivity of runoff generation towards the spatial variation of soil hydraulic properties. The comparison of the hydrograph of surface and macropore runoff to the initial model runs exhibited the highest root mean square error with 1.3 mm h -1 for the homogeneous case. Further we detected, that the frequency distribution of soil hydraulic properties played an important role for the reproduction of runoff amounts. But also the spatial topology (deterministic spatial variation) was relevant for an adequate description of runoff generation. Conditional stochastic simulation is seen as a promising approach, because it preserved both, the frequency distribution and the deterministic variation.

  13. Electrical generation using a vertical-axis wind turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1982-01-01

    Traditionally, windmills have been of the propeller or multiblade types, both of which have their rotational axis parallel to the flow of the wind. A vertical-axis wind turbine has its rotational axis perpendicular to the flow of wind and requires no orientation to keep the rotor in the windstream. The vertical-axis wind turbine operates on the same principle as an

  14. Increasing power generation in horizontal axis wind turbines using optimized flow control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cooney, John A., Jr.

    In order to effectively realize future goals for wind energy, the efficiency of wind turbines must increase beyond existing technology. One direct method for achieving increased efficiency is by improving the individual power generation characteristics of horizontal axis wind turbines. The potential for additional improvement by traditional approaches is diminishing rapidly however. As a result, a research program was undertaken to assess the potential of using distributed flow control to increase power generation. The overall objective was the development of validated aerodynamic simulations and flow control approaches to improve wind turbine power generation characteristics. BEM analysis was conducted for a general set of wind turbine models encompassing last, current, and next generation designs. This analysis indicated that rotor lift control applied in Region II of the turbine power curve would produce a notable increase in annual power generated. This was achieved by optimizing induction factors along the rotor blade for maximum power generation. In order to demonstrate this approach and other advanced concepts, the University of Notre Dame established the Laboratory for Enhanced Wind Energy Design (eWiND). This initiative includes a fully instrumented meteorological tower and two pitch-controlled wind turbines. The wind turbines are representative in their design and operation to larger multi-megawatt turbines, but of a scale that allows rotors to be easily instrumented and replaced to explore new design concepts. Baseline data detailing typical site conditions and turbine operation is presented. To realize optimized performance, lift control systems were designed and evaluated in CFD simulations coupled with shape optimization tools. These were integrated into a systematic design methodology involving BEM simulations, CFD simulations and shape optimization, and selected experimental validation. To refine and illustrate the proposed design methodology, a complete design cycle was performed for the turbine model incorporated in the wind energy lab. Enhanced power generation was obtained through passive trailing edge shaping aimed at reaching lift and lift-to-drag goals predicted to optimize performance. These targets were determined by BEM analysis to improve power generation characteristics and annual energy production (AEP) for the wind turbine. A preliminary design was validated in wind tunnel experiments on a 2D rotor section in preparation for testing in the full atmospheric environment of the eWiND Laboratory. These tests were performed for the full-scale geometry and atmospheric conditions. Upon making additional improvements to the shape optimization tools, a series of trailing edge additions were designed to optimize power generation. The trailing edge additions were predicted to increase the AEP by up to 4.2% at the White Field site. The pieces were rapid-prototyped and installed on the wind turbine in March, 2014. Field tests are ongoing.

  15. An Experimental Study on the Darrieus-Savonius Turbine for the Tidal Current Power Generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kyozuka, Yusaku

    The Darrieus turbine is popular for tidal current power generation in Japan. It is simple in structure with straight wings rotating around a vertical axis, so that it has no directionality against the motion of tidal flow which changes its direction twice a day. However, there is one defect in the Darrieus turbine; its small starting torque. Once it stops, a Darrieus turbine is hard to re-start until a fairly fast current is exerted on it. To improve the starting torque of the Darrieus turbine used for tidal power generation, a hybrid turbine, composed of a Darrieus turbine and a Savonius rotor is proposed. Hydrodynamic characteristics of a semi-circular section used for the Savonius bucket were measured in a wind tunnel. The torque of a two bucket Savonius rotor was measured in a circulating water channel, where four different configurations of the bucket were compared. A combined Darrieus and Savonius turbine was tested in the circulating water channel, where the effect of the attaching angle between Darrieus wing and Savonius rotor was studied. Finally, power generation experiments using a 48 pole electric generator were conducted in a towing tank and the power coefficients were compared with the results of experiments obtained in the circulating water channel.

  16. Numerical prediction for effects of guide vane blade numbers on hydraulic turbine performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shi, F. X.; Yang, J. H.; Wang, X. H.; Li, C. E.

    2013-12-01

    Using unstructured hybrid grid technique and SIMPLEC algorithm,a general three-dimensional simulation based on Reynolds Navier- stocks in multiple reference frames and the RNG k-? turbulence model, is presented for the reversal centrifugal pump (PAT) with a guide vane. Four different schemes are designed by a change of the number of guide vane blade of PAT. The inner flow field in every scheme is simulated, accordingly, the external characteristic and static pressure distribution in flow field in PAT is obtained. The results obtained show that the efficiency can be improved by adding a guide vane for the PAT, besides, the high efficiency area is wider than before. Guide blade numbers changed, external characteristics of turbine changed, and the external characteristic changed. The optimal value is existent for the guide vane blade number, which has a great impact on the distribution of pressure in runner inlet.

  17. Suppressing Transient Shaft Stresses of Turbine-Generators Using a Static Phase-Shifter

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. R. Iravani; R. M. Mathur

    1986-01-01

    In this paper the technical feasibility of a thyristor controlled phase-shifters for damping the transient torques of the shaft segments of steam turbine-generators is presented. The system studied comprises a multimass turbine-generator unit, connected to an infinite bus, through two parallel transmission lines. The Electro-Magnetic Transients Program (EMTP) developed by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), is used for a detailed

  18. Electromagnetic transients of a micro-turbine based distributed generation system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Nikkhajoei; R. Iravani

    2007-01-01

    This paper evaluates the electromagnetic transients of a micro-turbine based distributed generation system that includes an AC-DC-AC converter. An outline of modelling the micro-turbine based generation system including the AC-DC-AC converter is presented. A controller for the converter, that consists of a number of single-input single-output sub-controllers, is designed based on the developed model of the system. Furthermore, the thermodynamic

  19. Preliminary analysis of performance and loads data from the 2-megawatt mod-1 wind turbine generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. A. Spera; L. A. Viterna; T. R. Richards; H. E. Neustadter

    1979-01-01

    Preliminary test data on output power versus wind speed, rotor blade loads, system dynamic behavior, and start-stop characteristics on the Mod-1 wind turbine generator are presented. These data were analyzed statistically and are compared with design predictions of system performance and loads. To date, the Mod-1 wind turbine generator has produced up to 1.5 MW of power, with a measured

  20. Torsional Fatigue of Turbine-Generator Shafts Caused by Different Electrical System Faults and Switching Operations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John S. Joyce; Tadeusz Kulig; Dietrich Lambrecht

    1978-01-01

    The torsional stresses that occur in large steam turbine- generator shafts due to both planned and unplanned system switching operations are discussed. These operations include routine line switching, reclosing line-to-ground faults by either triple-pole or single-pole breaker operation, reclosing line-to-line and three-phase faults, malsynchronization and load rejection. The calculation of cumulative fatigue of individual turbine-generator shafts from computer-plotted torsional swing

  1. Low-grade geothermal energy conversion by organic Rankine cycle turbine generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. P. Zarling; J. D. Aspnes

    1983-01-01

    Results of a demonstration project which helped determine the feasibility of converting low-grade thermal energy in 49 C water into electrical energy via an organic Rankine cycle 2500 watt (electrical) turbine-generator are presented. The geothermal source which supplied the water is located in a rural Alaskan village. The reasons an organic Rankine cycle turbine-generator was investigated as a possible source

  2. A Novel 500kW High-Speed Turbine PM Synchronous Generator Set for Distributed Power Generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sven Wendt; Frank Benecke; Henry Güldner

    2007-01-01

    The paper presents a power generation system based on the cogeneration of heat and electricity with a novel high speed turbogenerator. The machine consists of a single stage steam turbine and a directly coupled permanent magnet synchronous generator in one constructional unit. A PWM IGBT rectifier is the load to the generator and a PWM IGBT three-phase four-wire inverter feeds

  3. Laboratory implementation of variable-speed wind turbine generation

    SciTech Connect

    Zinger, D.S. [Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL (United States)] [Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL (United States); Miller, A.A. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States)] [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States); Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Robinson, M.C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)] [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1996-07-01

    To improve the performance of wind turbines, various control schemes such as variable speed operation have been proposed. Testing of these control algorithms on a full scale system is very expensive. To test these systems simulation, we developed programs and small scale laboratory experiments. We used this system to verify a control method that attempts to keep the turbine operating at its peak power coefficient. Both the simulations and the experiments verified the principle of operation of this control scheme.

  4. Development of Micromachine Gas Turbine for Portable Power Generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kousuke Isomura; Shuji Tanaka; Shinichi Togo; Hideki Kanebako; Motohide Murayama; Nobuyoshi Saji; Fumihiro Sato; Masayoshi Esashi

    2004-01-01

    Micromachine gas turbine with centrifugal impellers of 10mm diameter fabricated by 5-axis micro-milling is under development at Tohoku University, in conjunction with Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. (IHI), Tohoku-Gakuin University, and Sankyo Seiki Mfg. Co., Ltd. The development is currently at the stage of proving the feasibility of the gas turbine cycle by component tests. Micro-combustors have been developed for

  5. Designing Micro Wind Turbines for Portable Power Generation Francois Hogan

    E-print Network

    Barthelat, Francois

    -section of the blade is given by: Chord(r)= 16R2 9r2BCl In a similar manner, we can express the optimal twist to the design of a wind turbine rotor. Number of blades The number of blades does not have a significant impact on the efficiency of a wind turbine. We have chosen a two blade design because of ease of fabrication in order

  6. Comparison of direct-drive and geared generator concepts for wind turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henk Polinder; Frank F. A. van der Pijl; Gert-Jan de Vilder; Peter J. Tavner

    2006-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to compare five different generator systems for wind turbines, namely the doubly-fed induction generator with three-stage gearbox (DFIG3G), the direct-drive synchronous generator with electrical excitation (DDSG), the direct-drive permanent-megnet generator (DDPMG), the permanent-magnet generator with single stage gearbox (PMG1G), and the doubly-fed induction generator with single-stage gearbox (DFIG1G). The comparison is based on cost

  7. A Silicon-Based Micro Gas Turbine Engine for Power Generation

    E-print Network

    Shan, X -C; Maeda, R; Sun, Y F; Wu, M; Hua, J S

    2007-01-01

    This paper reports on our research in developing a micro power generation system based on gas turbine engine and piezoelectric converter. The micro gas turbine engine consists of a micro combustor, a turbine and a centrifugal compressor. Comprehensive simulation has been implemented to optimal the component design. We have successfully demonstrated a silicon-based micro combustor, which consists of seven layers of silicon structures. A hairpin-shaped design is applied to the fuel/air recirculation channel. The micro combustor can sustain a stable combustion with an exit temperature as high as 1600 K. We have also successfully developed a micro turbine device, which is equipped with enhanced micro air-bearings and driven by compressed air. A rotation speed of 15,000 rpm has been demonstrated during lab test. In this paper, we will introduce our research results major in the development of micro combustor and micro turbine test device.

  8. Slip power recovery induction generators for large vertical axis wind turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. L. Nakra; B. Dube

    1988-01-01

    Simulation results are presented for the performance of a slip power recovery induction generator coupled to a vertical-axis wind turbine. The suitability of this type of generator for wind-driven applications is discussed. A qualitative comparison with two other alternatives is made, highlighting the basic features of the generator configuration studied. Quantitative simulation analysis showed that it is possible to reduce

  9. ADVANCED CONTROLS FOR MITIGATION OF FLICKER USING DOUBLY-FED ASYNCHRONOUS WIND TURBINE-GENERATORS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. A. Walling; K. Clark; N. W. Miller; J. J. Sanchez-Gasca

    2005-01-01

    Interconnection of wind generation with power distribution systems may result in rapid voltage variations, or flicker, much more readily than for HV transmission interconnections. Wind turbine generators employing doubly- fed asynchronous generators provide a means to rapidly control reactive power, as well as to smooth variations in real power. This capability is exploited to minimize flicker, despite rapid variations of

  10. Comparative Assessment of Direct Drive High Temperature Superconducting Generators in Multi-Megawatt Class Wind Turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Maples, B.; Hand, M.; Musial, W.

    2010-10-01

    This paper summarizes the work completed under the CRADA between NREL and American Superconductor (AMSC). The CRADA combined NREL and AMSC resources to benchmark high temperature superconducting direct drive (HTSDD) generator technology by integrating the technologies into a conceptual wind turbine design, and comparing the design to geared drive and permanent magnet direct drive (PMDD) wind turbine configurations. Analysis was accomplished by upgrading the NREL Wind Turbine Design Cost and Scaling Model to represent geared and PMDD turbines at machine ratings up to 10 MW and then comparing cost and mass figures of AMSC's HTSDD wind turbine designs to theoretical geared and PMDD turbine designs at 3.1, 6, and 10 MW sizes. Based on the cost and performance data supplied by AMSC, HTSDD technology has good potential to compete successfully as an alternative technology to PMDD and geared technology turbines in the multi megawatt classes. In addition, data suggests the economics of HTSDD turbines improve with increasing size, although several uncertainties remain for all machines in the 6 to 10 MW class.

  11. A new generation of marine turbine that can harness energy from the sea is being developed by Nautricity,

    E-print Network

    Mottram, Nigel

    A new generation of marine turbine that can harness energy from the sea is being developed to develop the concept of this unique contra rotating tidal turbine (CoRMaT). The first fully functional conventional turbines, the CoRMaT design uses two rotors which turn in opposite directions, making it extremely

  12. Development of Micromachine Gas Turbine for Portable Power Generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Isomura, Kousuke; Tanaka, Shuji; Togo, Shinichi; Kanebako, Hideki; Murayama, Motohide; Saji, Nobuyoshi; Sato, Fumihiro; Esashi, Masayoshi

    Micromachine gas turbine with centrifugal impellers of 10mm diameter fabricated by 5-axis micro-milling is under development at Tohoku University, in conjunction with Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd. (IHI), Tohoku-Gakuin University, and Sankyo Seiki Mfg. Co., Ltd. The development is currently at the stage of proving the feasibility of the gas turbine cycle by component tests. Micro-combustors have been developed for both hydrogen and methane fuel. Over 99.9% of the combustion efficiency has been realized in both combustors and the baseline configuration of the combustor for the gas turbine is set. A compressor of 10mm diameter has been developed as a micromachined turbocharger. The performance test of the micromachined turbocharger has been started, and ran up to 566000rpm, which is approximately 65% of the design speed. Compressor performance has been successfully measured along a constant speed line at 55% of the design speed.

  13. Candidate wind turbine generator site: annual data summary, January 1981-December 1981

    SciTech Connect

    Sandusky, W.F.; Buck, J.W.; Renne, D.S.; Hadley, D.L.; Abbey, O.B.

    1982-07-01

    Summarized hourly meteorological data for 34 candidate and wind turbine generator sites for calendar year 1981 are presented. These data are collected for the purpose of evaluating the wind energy potential at these sites and are used to assist in selection of potential sites for installation and testing of large wind turbines in electric utility systems. For each site, wind speed, direction, and distribution data are given in eight tables. Use of information from these tables, with information about specific wind turbines, should allow the user to estimate the potential for wind energy production at each site.

  14. Statistical Safety Evaluation of BWR Turbine Trip Scenario Using Coupled Neutron Kinetics and Thermal Hydraulics Analysis Code SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ichikawa, Ryoko; Masuhara, Yasuhiro; Kasahara, Fumio

    The Best Estimate Plus Uncertainty (BEPU) method has been prepared for the regulatory cross-check analysis at Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES) on base of the three-dimensional neutron-kinetics/thermal- hydraulics coupled code SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0. In the preparation, TRACE5.0 is verified against the large-scale thermal-hydraulic tests carried out with NUPEC facility. These tests were focused on the pressure drop of steam-liquid two phase flow and void fraction distribution. From the comparison of the experimental data with other codes (RELAP5/MOD3.3 and TRAC-BF1), TRACE5.0 was judged better than other codes. It was confirmed that TRACE5.0 has high reliability for thermal hydraulics behavior and are used as a best-estimate code for the statistical safety evaluation. Next, the coupled code SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0 was applied to turbine trip tests performed at the Peach Bottom-2 BWR4 Plant. The turbine trip event shows the rapid power peak due to the voids collapse with the pressure increase. The analyzed peak value of core power is better simulated than the previous version SKETCH-INS/TRAC-BF1. And the statistical safety evaluation using SKETCH-INS/TRACE5.0 was applied to the loss of load transient for examining the influence of the choice of sampling method.

  15. On Adapting a Small PM Wind Generator for a Multiblade, High Solidity Wind Turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Khan; P. Pillay; K. D. Visser

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the design space that exists between multiblade, high-solidity water-pumping turbines and modern high-speed two and three-bladed horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs). In particular, it compares the features and performance of a small 12-bladed, high-solidity HAWT to that of a modern three-bladed HAWT. It also outlines a procedure for adapting a small PM wind generator, intended for high-speed

  16. Reference Value Choice of the Wind Turbine Active Power with Doubly-Fed Induction Generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Smajo; M. Smajo; D. Vukadinovic

    The variable speed wind turbine with doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) is today widely used concept. This paper presents a control system of the DFIG wind turbine with focus on the control strategies and on active power reference value choice. The present control method is designed for super-synchronous, sub-synchronous and synchronous working modes. In order to investigate the dynamic responses during

  17. Multiple Model Predictive Control for Wind Turbines With Doubly Fed Induction Generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mostafa Soliman; O. P. Malik; David T. Westwick

    2011-01-01

    A multivariable control strategy based on model predictive control techniques for the control of variable-speed variable-pitch wind turbines is proposed. The proposed control strategy is described for the whole operating region of the wind turbine, i.e., both partial and full load regimes. Pitch angle and generator torque are controlled simultaneously to maximize en- ergy capture, mitigate drive train transient loads,

  18. Development of a hydraulic control mechanism for cyclic pitch marine current turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alessandro Schönborn; Matthew Chantzidakis

    2007-01-01

    Tidal power generation by means of marine current farms is potentially a large renewable energy resource which could be harnessed in many coastal waters. Its availability is highly predictable in time, and the technology promises high energy conversion efficiency along with a relatively low impact on sea life due to its relatively small disturbance of natural tidal flows.A series of

  19. Modeling a high output marine steam generator feedwater control system which uses parallel turbine-driven feed pumps

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zhi-Qiang Qiu; Hai Zou; Jian-Hua Sun

    2008-01-01

    Parallel turbine-driven feedwater pumps are needed when ships travel at high speed. In order to study marine steam generator\\u000a feedwater control systems which use parallel turbine-driven feed pumps, a mathematical model of marine steam generator feedwater\\u000a control system was developed which includes mathematical models of two steam generators and parallel turbine-driven feed pumps\\u000a as well as mathematical models of feedwater

  20. Turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Morin

    1977-01-01

    A turbine is described with a water-driven motive element adapted for being immersed in a body of water and comprising a disc having a density close to that of the water in which it is immersed. The disc is horizontally disposed and has a plurality of cells containing a mixture of liquid and gas and the disc carries on the

  1. Biphase turbine for reverse osmosis desalination. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Limburg, P.L.

    1982-12-01

    A new hydraulic reaction turbine was designed to recover the power available in the high-pressure waste-brine stream of reverse osmosis desalination systems. A reaction turbine sized for reverse-osmosis systems producing 600 gph was built and tested. The turbine performed well driving either a variable-speed pump or an electrical generator. Measured turbine efficiency (shaft power divided by available power) was 63%, compared with a prediction of 67%. The turbine can be built with larger capacity to reduce the size, weight and power consumption of reverse osmosis desalination systems. Efficiency of larger units is predicted to lie in the range of 65 to 70%.

  2. Mod-5A Wind Turbine Generator Program Design Report. Volume 4: Drawings and Specifications, Book 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The design, development and analysis of the 7.3 MW MOD-5A wind turbine generator is documented. Volume 4 contains the drawings and specifications that were developed in preparation for building the MOD-5A wind turbine generator. This is the first of five books of volume four. It contains structural design criteria, generator step-up transformer specs, specs for design, fabrication and testing of the system, specs for the ground control enclosure, systems specs, slip ring specs, and control system specs.

  3. Application of Magnetic Energy Recovery Switch (MERS) to Improve Output Power of Wind Turbine Generators

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takaku, Taku; Homma, Gen; Isobe, Takanori; Kato, Shuhei; Igarashi, Seiki; Uchida, Yoshiyuki; Shimada, Ryuichi

    The experimental results of an innovative power conversion technology using magnetic energy recovery switch (MERS) in a wind turbine system with a synchronous generator to improve the output power and the efficiency are presented. The MERS can compensate for the reactance voltage of the generator. The output voltage of the system increases and the excitation power of the generator can be significantly reduced. The data indicate a great potential of the new power conversion technology to make the actual wind turbine system compact and to improve the efficiency.

  4. Horizontal Steam Generator Thermal-Hydraulics at Various Steady-State Power Levels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vladimir D. Stevanovic; Zoran V. Stosic; Michael Kiera; Uwe Stoll

    2002-01-01

    Three-dimensional computer simulation and analyses of the horizontal steam generator thermal-hydraulics of the WWER 1000 nuclear power plant have been performed for 50% and 75% partial loads, 100% nominal load and 110% over-load. Presented results show water and steam mass flow rate vectors, steam void fraction spatial distribution, recirculation zones, swell level position, water mass inventory on the shell side,

  5. Operating experience feedback report -- turbine-generator overspeed protection systems: Commercial power reactors. Volume 11

    SciTech Connect

    Ornstein, H.L.

    1995-04-01

    This report presents the results of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission`s Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) review of operating experience of main turbine-generator overspeed and overspeed protection systems. It includes an indepth examination of the turbine overspeed event which occurred on November 9, 1991, at the Salem Unit 2 Nuclear Power Plant. It also provides information concerning actions taken by other utilities and the turbine manufacturers as a result of the Salem overspeed event. AEOD`s study reviewed operating procedures and plant practices. It noted differences between turbine manufacturer designs and recommendations for operations, maintenance, and testing, and also identified significant variations in the manner that individual plants maintain and test their turbine overspeed protection systems. AEOD`s study provides insight into the shortcomings in the design, operation, maintenance, testing, and human factors associated with turbine overspeed protection systems. Operating experience indicates that the frequency of turbine overspeed events is higher than previously thought and that the bases for demonstrating compliance with NRC`s General Design Criterion (GDC) 4, Environmental and dynamic effects design bases, may be nonconservative with respect to the assumed frequency.

  6. Performance analysis of a miniature turbine generator for intracorporeal energy harvesting.

    PubMed

    Pfenniger, Alois; Vogel, Rolf; Koch, Volker M; Jonsson, Magnus

    2014-05-01

    Replacement intervals of implantable medical devices are commonly dictated by battery life. Therefore, intracorporeal energy harvesting has the potential to reduce the number of surgical interventions by extending the life cycle of active devices. Given the accumulated experience with intravascular devices such as stents, heart valves, and cardiac assist devices, the idea to harvest a small fraction of the hydraulic energy available in the cardiovascular circulation is revisited. The aim of this article is to explore the technical feasibility of harvesting 1?mW electric power using a miniature hydrodynamic turbine powered by about 1% of the cardiac output flow in a peripheral artery. To this end, numerical modelling of the fluid mechanics and experimental verification of the overall performance of a 1:1 scale friction turbine are performed in vitro. The numerical flow model is validated for a range of turbine configurations and flow conditions (up to 250?mL/min) in terms of hydromechanic efficiency; up to 15% could be achieved with the nonoptimized configurations of the study. Although this article does not entail the clinical feasibility of intravascular turbines in terms of hemocompatibility and impact on the circulatory system, the numerical model does provide first estimates of the mechanical shear forces relevant to blood trauma and platelet activation. It is concluded that the time-integrated shear stress exposure is significantly lower than in cardiac assist devices due to lower flow velocities and predominantly laminar flow. PMID:24646095

  7. Analysis of the OECD/NRC BWR Turbine Trip Transient Benchmark with the Coupled Thermal-Hydraulics and Neutronics Code TRAC-M/PARCS

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Deokjung [Purdue University (United States); Downar, Thomas J. [Purdue University (United States); Ulses, Anthony [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (United States); Akdeniz, Bedirhan [Pennsylvania State University (United States); Ivanov, Kostadin N. [Pennsylvania State University (United States)

    2004-10-15

    An analysis of the Peach Bottom Unit 2 Turbine Trip 2 (TT2) experiment has been performed using the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission coupled thermal-hydraulics and neutronics code TRAC-M/PARCS. The objective of the analysis was to assess the performance of TRAC-M/PARCS on a BWR transient with significance in two-phase flow and spatial variations of the neutron flux. TRAC-M/PARCS results are found to be in good agreement with measured plant data for both steady-state and transient phases of the benchmark. Additional analyses of four fictitious extreme scenarios are performed to provide a basis for code-to-code comparisons and comprehensive testing of the thermal-hydraulics/neutronics coupling. The obtained results of sensitivity studies on the effect of direct moderator heating on transient simulation indicate the importance of this modeling aspect.

  8. Output power leveling of wind turbine Generator for all operating regions by pitch angle control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tomonobu Senjyu; Ryosei Sakamoto; Naomitsu Urasaki; Toshihisa Funabashi; Hideki Fujita; Hideomi Sekine

    2006-01-01

    Wind energy is not constant and windmill output is proportional to the cube of wind speed, which causes the generated power of wind turbine generators (WTGs) to fluctuate. In order to reduce fluctuation, different methods are available to control the pitch angle of blades of windmill. In a previous work, we proposed the pitch angle control using minimum variance control,

  9. Use of power electronic converters in wind turbines and photovoltaic generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. A. Papathanassiou; G. A. Vokas; M. P. Papadopoulos

    1995-01-01

    In this paper, a brief review is presented of common electrical generation schemes for wind turbines (WTs) and photovoltaics (PVs). Attention is mainly focused on the power converter interfaces used for the grid connected operation of the renewable generators. The WT soft starting arrangements are described and the most common variable speed operation configurations are presented and discussed. The fundamental

  10. Non-Stationary Spectral Estimation for Wind Turbine Induction Generator Faults Detection

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to detect and diagnose the generator faults from vibration, acoustic, or generator current signals technologies for wind turbine condition mon- itoring require additional sensors and data acquisition devices to be implemented [5]. The use of these sensors and devices increases cost, size, and hardware wiring complexity

  11. AN INTEGRATED DESIGN OF REACTOR AND TURBINE GENERATOR SECTIONS OF THE ENRICO FERMI ATOMIC POWER PLANT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. C. Kirkby; C. M. Heidel

    1958-01-01

    The design of the steam-generating system and the turbine generator ; system of the Enrico Fermi power plant is given. The terms of the agreement ; between The Power Reactor Development Company and The Detroit Edison Company are ; discussed. (W.D.M.);

  12. Electric Power Generation from a Geothermal Souce Utilizing a Low-Temperature Organic Rankine Cycle Turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. D. Aspnes; J. P. Zarling

    1982-01-01

    A demonstration project to generate electricity with a geothermal source and low-temperature organic Rankine cycle turbine in a rural Alaskan location is described. Operating data and a set of conclusions are presented detailing problems and recommendations for others contemplating this approach to electric power generation.

  13. Electric Power Generation from a Geothermal Source Utilizing a Low-Temperature Organic Rankine Cycle Turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. D. Aspnes; J. P. Zarling

    1982-01-01

    A demonstration project to generate electricity with a geothermal source and low-temperature organic Rankine cycle turbine in a rural Alaskan location is described. Operating data and a set of conclusions are presented detailing problems and recommendations for others contemplating this approach to electric power generation.

  14. Optimal design of the direct-driven high power permanent magnet generator turbine by wind

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ting Liu; Shoudao Huang; Jian Gao

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, an optimal design method of a high power permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) turbine by wind is proposed. The expression of the cogging torque was studied based on the Fourier analysis. A method of permanent magnet shifting to reduce cogging torque was presented. In this paper a prototype for 5MW generator was built and a comparative study

  15. Economic evaluation of solar thermal hybrid H 2O turbine power generation systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takanobu Kosugi; Pyong Sik Pak

    2003-01-01

    The economics of two proposed solar thermal hybrid power generation systems (STHSs) have been evaluated. Each system consists of direct-steam-generation solar collectors, a steam accumulator and a gas turbine power generation system which uses steam as its working fluid. One (STHS-A) of the proposed systems emits CO2 generated by burning fuel, whereas the other (STHS-B) captures the CO2. Assuming that

  16. Wind Turbine Generator Physics: Gear Boxes and Blades

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This module, produced by the Wind Technician TV project from Highland Community College, introduces students to the gear boxes and blades of wind turbines. The module consists of four lessons: gear box solids and liquids, blades- force analysis, gear box heat transfer and gearbox force and stress analysis. The lessons include audio and animated visuals as well as interactive simulations. Each lesson includes a PDF document with the lesson's text and images. Skill check activities are also included.

  17. Washington University Can the Sound Generated by Modern Wind Turbines

    E-print Network

    Salt, Alec N.

    level as noise from a flowing stream about 50-100 meters away or the noise of leaves rustling turbine noise (at 200 m) is as loud as your refrigerator heard from the living room". #12;Washington noise people don't like ! 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 62

  18. Mod-5A wind turbine generator program design report. Volume 4: Drawings and specifications, book 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The design, development and analysis of the 7.3 MW MOD-5A wind turbine generator is documented. There are four volumes. This volume contains the drawings and specifications that were developed in preparation for building the MOD-5A wind turbine generator. This is the second book of volume four. Some of the items it contains are specs for the emergency shutdown panel, specs for the simulator software, simulator hardware specs, site operator terminal requirements, control data system requirements, software project management plan, elastomeric teeter bearing requirement specs, specs for the controls electronic cabinet, and specs for bolt pretensioning.

  19. Mod-5A wind turbine generator program design report. Volume 4: Drawings and specifications, book 4

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The design, development and analysis of the 7.3 MW MOD-5A wind turbine generator are documented. There are four volumes. This volume contains the drawings and specifications that were developed in preparation for building the MOD-5A wind turbine generator. This volume contains 5 books of which this is the fourth, providing drawings 47A380128 through 47A387125. In addition to the parts listing and where-used list, the logic design of the controller software and the code listing of the controller software are provided. Also given are the aerodynamic profile coordinates.

  20. Representation of Type 4 wind turbine generator for steady state short-circuit calculations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kamara, Wouleye

    Various technical impacts are associated to the interconnection of wind turbine generators to the grid. Among them, the increase of short-circuit levels along with its effect on the settings of protecting relays has long acted as an important inhibiting factor for the interconnection of new wind power plants to the grid. This is especially true at the medium voltage level where networks operate close to their short-circuit design value [1]. As renewable energies are progressively replacing traditional power generation sources, short-circuit studies need to adequately assess the impact of newly interconnected wind power plants on the fault level of the network. For planning and design purposes, short-circuit studies are usually performed using steady-state short-circuit programs. Unfortunately, very few have developed models of wind turbine generators that accurately estimate their fault contribution in the phase domain. In particular, no commercial fault-flow analysis program specifically addresses the modeling of inverter-based wind turbine generators which behavior is based on the inverter's characteristics rather than the generator's. The main contribution of this research work is the development of a simplified and yet accurate model of full-scale converter based wind turbine generator, also called Type 4 wind turbine generator, for steady-state short-circuit calculations. The model reproduces the real behavior of the Type 4 wind turbine generator under fault conditions by correctly accounting for the effect of the full-scale converter. The data used for the model is easily accessible to planning engineers. An additional contribution of this research work is the development of a short-circuit algorithm adapted to support the proposed model of Type 4 wind-turbine generator. Short-circuit algorithm based on modified-augmented-nodal analysis (MANA) is solved iteratively to accommodate the proposed model. The algorithm is successfully implemented in CYME 7.0, a commercial distribution system analysis program, to perform short-circuit calculations in multiphase complex unbalanced systems. Detailed study of the behavior of Type 4 wind turbine generator using electromagnetic type programs like EMTP-RV has assessed that the proposed model closely reproduces the real behavior of the wind turbine generator under steady-state fault conditions. The proposed model is then implemented in CYME 7.0 and validated for different fault scenarios using the Fortis Alberta 25 kV distribution system as benchmark. The fault contribution obtained from the proposed model is compared against the one obtained from the previous model implemented in CYME 7.0. The validation test cases show that the proposed model estimates the fault contribution of the wind turbine generator with better precision than the former models. Besides, the performance and robustness of the short-circuit algorithm developed allow handling unbalanced networks with inverter interfaced wind turbine generators as it is based on the MANA formulation.

  1. A Self-Excited MEMS Electro-Quasi-Static Induction Turbine Generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Lodewyk Steyn; Sam H. Kendig; Ravi Khanna; Stephen D. Umans; Jeffrey H. Lang; Carol Livermore

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a microfabricated electro-quasi-static (EQS) induction turbine generator that has generated net electric power. A maximum power output of 192 muW was achieved under driven excitation. We believe that this is the first report of net-electric-power generation by an EQS induction machine of any scale found in the open literature. This paper also presents self-excited operation in which

  2. National Renewable Energy Laboratory program on lightning risk and wind turbine generator protection

    SciTech Connect

    Muljadi, E. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); McNiff, B. [McNiff Light Industry, Blue Hill, ME (United States)

    1997-12-31

    In the early development of wind turbine generators (WTG) in the United States, wind farms were primarily located in California where lightning activity is the lowest in the United States. As such, lightning protection for wind turbines was not considered to be a major issue for designers or wind farm operators. However, wind turbine installations are expanding into the Midwest, Southwest and other regions of the United States where lightning activity is significantly more intense and lightning damage to wind turbines is more common. There is a growing need, therefore, to better understand lightning activity on wind farms and to improve wind turbine lightning protection systems. In support of the U.S. Department of Energy/Electric Power Research Institute (DOE/EPRI) Utility Wind Turbine Verification Program (TVP), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently begun to take steps to determine the extent of damage due to lightning and the effectiveness of various lightning protection techniques for wind power plants. Working through the TVP program, NREL will also perform outreach and education to (1) help manufacturers to provide equipment that is adequately designed to survive lightning, (2) make sure that operators are aware of effective safety procedures, and (3) help site designers and wind farm developers take the risk of lightning into account as effectively as possible.

  3. Mod-5A wind turbine generator program design report. Volume 3: Final design and system description, book 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The design, development and analysis of the 7.3 MW MOD-5A wind turbine generator is documented. Volume 3, book 1 describes the performance and characteristics of the MOD-5A wind turbine generator in its final configuration. Each subsystem - the rotor, drivetrain, nacelle, tower and foundation is described in detail.

  4. Nonlinear Robust Control to Maximize Energy Capture in a Variable Speed Wind Turbine Using an Induction Generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erhun Iyasere; Darren M. Dawson; John R. Wagner; Mohammed Salah; Enver Tatlicioglu

    2009-01-01

    The emergence of wind turbine systems for electric power generation can help satisfy the growing global demand. This paper proposes a control strategy to maximize the wind energy captured in a variable speed wind turbine, with an internal induction generator, at low to medium wind speeds. The proposed strategy controls the tip speed ratio, via the rotor angular speed, to

  5. Nonlinear Robust Control to Maximize Energy Capture in a Variable Speed Wind Turbine Using a Separately Excited DC Generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Iyasere; M. Salah; D. Dawson; J. Wagner

    The emergence of wind turbine systems for electric power generation can help satisfy the growing global demand. This paper proposes a control strategy to maximize the wind energy captured in a variable speed wind turbine, with a separately excited DC internal generator, at low to medium wind speeds. The proposed strategy controls the tip speed ratio, via the rotor angular

  6. Counter-Rotatable Fan Gas Turbine Engine with Axial Flow Positive Displacement Worm Gas Generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Giffin, Rollin George (Inventor); Murrow, Kurt David (Inventor); Fakunle, Oladapo (Inventor)

    2014-01-01

    A counter-rotatable fan turbine engine includes a counter-rotatable fan section, a worm gas generator, and a low pressure turbine to power the counter-rotatable fan section. The low pressure turbine maybe counter-rotatable or have a single direction of rotation in which case it powers the counter-rotatable fan section through a gearbox. The gas generator has inner and outer bodies having offset inner and outer axes extending through first, second, and third sections of a core assembly. At least one of the bodies is rotatable about its axis. The inner and outer bodies have intermeshed inner and outer helical blades wound about the inner and outer axes and extending radially outwardly and inwardly respectively. The helical blades have first, second, and third twist slopes in the first, second, and third sections respectively. A combustor section extends through at least a portion of the second section.

  7. Development tests for the 2.5 megawatt Mod-2 wind turbine generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Andrews, J. S.; Baskin, J. M.

    1982-01-01

    The 2.5 megawatt MOD-2 wind turbine generator test program is discussed. The development of the 2.5 megawatt MOD-2 wind turbine generator included an extensive program of testing which encompassed verification of analytical procedures, component development, and integrated system verification. The test program was to assure achievement of the thirty year design operational life of the wind turbine system as well as to minimize costly design modifications which would otherwise have been required during on site system testing. Computer codes were modified, fatigue life of structure and dynamic components were verified, mechanical and electrical component and subsystems were functionally checked and modified where necessary to meet system specifications, and measured dynamic responses of coupled systems confirmed analytical predictions.

  8. Safe Harbor Kaplan Turbines Design of Setting and Cavitation Limit as Developed at the Holtwood Hydraulic Laboratory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. M. Davis; G. W. Spaulding

    1933-01-01

    The Safe Harbor plant is the first large development in this country to use the Kaplan type of turbine. This paper describes the problems of design and operation which were comprehensively studied by means of model and field tests, with particular regard to the power limits of the turbines as established from a study of cavitation.

  9. Next Generation Engineered Materials for Ultra Supercritical Steam Turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Douglas Arrell

    2006-05-31

    To reduce the effect of global warming on our climate, the levels of CO{sub 2} emissions should be reduced. One way to do this is to increase the efficiency of electricity production from fossil fuels. This will in turn reduce the amount of CO{sub 2} emissions for a given power output. Using US practice for efficiency calculations, then a move from a typical US plant running at 37% efficiency to a 760 C /38.5 MPa (1400 F/5580 psi) plant running at 48% efficiency would reduce CO2 emissions by 170kg/MW.hr or 25%. This report presents a literature review and roadmap for the materials development required to produce a 760 C (1400 F) / 38.5MPa (5580 psi) steam turbine without use of cooling steam to reduce the material temperature. The report reviews the materials solutions available for operation in components exposed to temperatures in the range of 600 to 760 C, i.e. above the current range of operating conditions for today's turbines. A roadmap of the timescale and approximate cost for carrying out the required development is also included. The nano-structured austenitic alloy CF8C+ was investigated during the program, and the mechanical behavior of this alloy is presented and discussed as an illustration of the potential benefits available from nano-control of the material structure.

  10. Horizontal Steam Generator Thermal-Hydraulics at Various Steady-State Power Levels

    SciTech Connect

    Stevanovic, Vladimir D. [University of Belgrade, Kraljice Marije 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro (Yugoslavia); Stosic, Zoran V.; Kiera, Michael; Stoll, Uwe [Framatome ANP GmbH, P.O. Box 3220, 91050 Erlangen (Germany)

    2002-07-01

    Three-dimensional computer simulation and analyses of the horizontal steam generator thermal-hydraulics of the WWER 1000 nuclear power plant have been performed for 50% and 75% partial loads, 100% nominal load and 110% over-load. Presented results show water and steam mass flow rate vectors, steam void fraction spatial distribution, recirculation zones, swell level position, water mass inventory on the shell side, and other important thermal-hydraulic parameters. The simulations have been performed with the computer code 3D ANA, based on the 'two-fluid' model approach. Steam-water interface transport processes, as well as tube bundle flow resistance, energy transfer, and steam generation within tube bundles are modelled with {sup c}losure laws{sup .} Applied approach implies non-equilibrium thermal and flow conditions. The model is solved by the control volume procedure, which has been extended in order to take into account the 3D flow of liquid and gas phase. The methodology is validated by comparing numerical and experimental results of real steam generator operational conditions at various power levels of the WWER Novovoronezh, Unit 5. One-dimensional model of the horizontal steam generator has been built with the RELAP 5 standard code on the basis of the multidimensional two-phase flow structure obtained with the 3D ANA code. RELAP 5 and 3D ANA code results are compared, showing acceptable agreement. (authors)

  11. Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume 1: Executive summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilreker, V. F.; Stiller, P. H.; Scott, G. W.; Kruse, V. J.; Smith, R. F.

    1984-01-01

    Primary results are summarized for a three-part study involving the effects of connecting a MOD-OA wind turbine generator to an isolated diesel power system. The MOD-OA installation considered was the third of four experimental nominal 200 kW wind turbines connected to various utilities under the Federal Wind Energy Program and was characterized by the highest wind energy penetration levels of four sites. The study analyses address: fuel displacement, dynamic interaction, and three modes of reactive power control. These analyses all have as their basis the results of the data acquisition program conducted on Block Island, Rhode Island.

  12. Wind turbine generators using superconducting coils and bulks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ohsaki, H.; Terao, Y.; Sekino, M.

    2010-06-01

    Wind power generation has been expected as a promising clean energy source in the world. Recently, generation capacity produced by wind power generators has been growing with increasing size of windmills. However, huge nacelles result in extreme load for towers supporting them. We have focused on a wind power generator using superconducting wires and superconducting bulks to solve the problem. Large currents may flow through superconducting wires with zero DC resistance. Superconducting bulks are magnetic shielding materials. These enable reduction of size and weight of nacelles. In addition, large generators using these materials can generate an output power of 10 MW with very large power densities. This paper describes calculation of generated magnetic field and power generation characteristics using three-dimensional finite element method (FEM) analysis of the generators using high temperature superconducting coils and bulks.

  13. Modeling and control of household-size vertical axis wind turbine and electric power generation system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harki Apri Yanto; Chun-Ta Lin; Jonq-Chin Hwang; Sheam-Chyun Lin

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the design of a low tip-speed ratio, drag type vertical axis wind turbine which is incorporated with permanent magnet synchronous generator with maximum power point tracking (MPPT) strategy of control system to acquire the optimal performance. By using two dimensional large eddy simulations (LES) method as fluid dynamic model, the calculated power coefficient for this multi-blade vertical

  14. Control of Electromagnetic Forces on Stator Windings of Large Turbine-Generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. A. Bucci; A. D. Coggeshall; K. F. Drexler; E. E. Gibbs

    1971-01-01

    In the past 20 years there has been a dramatic increase in kVA ratings of large turbine-generators, accompanied by a parallel increase in the electromagnetic forces acting on the stator windings. This has created an industry-wide problem of providing a stator winding support system which is capable of adequately restraining these forces to avoid impairment of machine reliability.

  15. Ridethrough of wind turbines with doubly-fed induction generator during a voltage dip

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johan Morren; Sjoerd W. H. de Haan

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, a solution is described that makes it possible for wind turbines using doubly-fed induction generators to stay connected to the grid during grid faults. The key of the solution is to limit the high current in the rotor in order to protect the converter and to provide a bypass for this current via a set of resistors

  16. Control Design and Performance Analysis of a 6 MW Wind Turbine-Generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Murdoch; J. R. Winkelman; S. H. Javid; R. S. Barton

    1983-01-01

    This paper discusses an approach to the modeling and performance for the preliminary design phase of a large (6.2 MW) horizontal axis wind turbine generator (WTG). Two control philosophies are presented, both of which are based on linearized models of the WT mechanical and electrical systems. The control designs are compared by showing the performance through detailed non-linear time simulation.

  17. Waves Transmission and Generation in Turbine Stages in a Combustion-Noise Framework

    E-print Network

    Nicoud, Franck

    composite blades. In his PhD. dissertation,1 Candel showed that the noise due to combustion in aero generated by the unsteady combustion, and transmitted and reflected through the upstream (compressor, the acoustic behavior of the turbine blade rows must be known to evaluate the noise due to combustion

  18. MOD-1 Wind Turbine Generator Analysis and Design Report, Volume 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    The MOD-1 detail design is appended. The supporting analyses presented include a parametric system trade study, a verification of the computer codes used for rotor loads analysis, a metal blade study, and a definition of the design loads at each principal wind turbine generator interface for critical loading conditions. Shipping and assembly requirements, composite blade development, and electrical stability are also discussed.

  19. Development of a 40-kilowatt wind turbine generator. Phase 1: Design and analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Howes, H. E.; Bowes, M. A.; Perley, R.

    1981-02-01

    Kaman Aerospace Corporation is currently engaged in a program to design, fabricate and test a horizontal axis wind turbine generator capable of producing 40 kW electrical output power in a 20 mph wind. The results covering design tradeoff studies, preliminary design and analysis and the final design effort are presented. Additional work included cost studies and test planning activities.

  20. Computer program for generating input for analysis of impingement-cooled, axial-flow turbine blade

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Rosenbaum

    1980-01-01

    A computer program, TACTGRID, was developed to generate the geometrical input for the TACTI program, a program that calculates transient and steady state temperatures, pressures, and cooling flows in an impingement cooled turbine blade. Using spline curves, the TACTGRID program constructs the blade internal geometry from the previously designed external blade surface and newly selected wall and channel thicknesses. The

  1. A preliminary analysis of the audible noise of constant speed, horizontal axis wind turbine generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. N. Keast; R. C. Potter

    1980-01-01

    A preliminary analytical procedure developed for calculating certain aerodynamic sound levels produced by large, horizontal axis wind turbine generators (WTG's) such as the DOE\\/NASA Mods- O, OA, 1, and 22. It postulates a noise component due to the (constant) rotation of the blades of the WTG, plus a wake-noise component that increases with the square of the power produced by

  2. Radio Frequency Sensing of Incipient Arcing Faults within Large Turbine Generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. T. Harrold; F. T. Emery; F. J. Murphy; S. A. Drinkut

    1979-01-01

    Sensing of incipient faults within large turbine generators (> 500 MW) is very important because a persistent minor abnormality may suddenly develop into a major fault and cause extensive damage before conventional early warning sensors can respond. Consequently, there is a need for a reliable sensing system which will respond to the early arcing stage of a fault, when insulation

  3. Turbine-Generator Shaft Torques and Fatigue: Part I - Simulation Methods and Fatigue Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. C. Jackson; S. D. Umans; R. D. Dunlop; S. H. Horowitz; A. C. Parikh

    1979-01-01

    This paper is the first of two papers concerned with the effects of power system disturbances and operating practices upon turbine-generator shafts. The paper presents techniques for the analysis of shaft fatigue damage due to torsional oscillations. The detailed development of a fatigue model is presented. An example illustrates the use of the techniques for calculation of the loss of

  4. Evaluation of Field Insulation of Turbine-Generators with Higher Thyristor Excitation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Nagano; M. Tari; T. Inohara; E. Koyanagi

    1986-01-01

    Application of a thyristor excitation system with high ceiling voltage to the turbine-generator field has required precise evaluation on field insulation, especially against spiky voltage. This paper reports on the investigation of breakdown through and over the surface of field insulating components for thyristor voltage. Particular emphasis is placed on the method for estimating voltage endurance characteristics for thyristor voltage

  5. Finite element calculation of fields around the end region of a turbine generator test rig

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. F. Eastham; D. Rodger; H. C. Lai; H. Nouri

    1993-01-01

    The use of surface impedance elements and the use of volume elements when modeling at test rig using the MEGA package are compared. The test rig is representative of a turbine generator. The work is supported by practical measurements. Experimental results indicate that it is possible to model 3-D fields in large-scale objects containing nonlinear conducting iron using finite elements.

  6. Mod-1 wind turbine generator analysis and design report, volume 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    The activities leading to the completion of detail design of the MOD-1 wind turbine generator are described. Emphasis is placed on the description of the design as it finally evolved. However, the steps through which the design progressed are also traced in order to understand the major design decisions.

  7. The Future of Combustion Turbine Technology for Industrial and Utility Power Generation 

    E-print Network

    Karp, A. D.; Simbeck, D. R.

    1994-01-01

    Low capital cost and ample low-cost natural gas supplies will make natural gas-fired combustion turbine systems the power generation technology of choice over the next decade. Against the background of earlier use by electric utilities, this paper...

  8. Wind turbine generator interaction with conventional diesel generators on Block Island, Rhode Island. Volume 2: Data analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilreker, V. F.; Stiller, P. H.; Scott, G. W.; Kruse, V. J.; Smith, R. F.

    1984-01-01

    Assessing the performance of a MOD-OA horizontal axis wind turbine connected to an isolated diesel utility, a comprehensive data measurement program was conducted on the Block Island Power Company installation on Block Island, Rhode Island. The detailed results of that program focusing on three principal areas of (1) fuel displacement (savings), (2) dynamic interaction between the diesel utility and the wind turbine, (3) effects of three models of wind turbine reactive power control are presented. The approximate two month duration of the data acquisition program conducted in the winter months (February into April 1982) revealed performance during periods of highest wind energy penetration and hence severity of operation. Even under such conditions fuel savings were significant resulting in a fuel reduction of 6.7% while the MOD-OA was generating 10.7% of the total electrical energy. Also, electrical disturbance and interactive effects were of an acceptable level.

  9. Phoenics code thermal hydraulic analysis of a prototype LMFBR straight tube steam generator

    SciTech Connect

    Van Essen, H.M.D.; Kirkcaldy, D.; Phelps, P.J.

    1987-01-01

    In a joint study, carried out by Neratoom and Cham, a model has been developed using the PHOENICS-code to perform 2D and 3D steam generator calculations. The model is able to handle the most important characteristics of the thermal hydraulic behaviour of a steam generator. The feedwater flow distribution over the tubes of the bundle is calculated, without showing numerical instabilities, by an iteration procedure over the total pressure drop. From the first stage in the validation procedure it appears that the model predictions are in very good agreement with the measurements taken from a 17 MWth sodium heated straight tube steam generator, operating under once-through conditions and tested in the 50 MWth Sodium Component Test Facility at Hengelo, the Netherlands.

  10. ATHOS: a computer program for thermal-hydraulic analysis of steam generators. Volume 2. Programmer's manual

    SciTech Connect

    Singhal, A.K.; Keeton, L.W.; Przekwas, A.J.; Weems, J.S.

    1982-10-01

    ATHOS (Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulics of Steam Generators) is a computer code developed by CHAM of North America Incorporated, under the contract RP 1066-1 from the Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California. ATHOS supercedes the earlier code URSULA2. ATHOS is designed for three-dimensional, steady-state and transient analyses of PWR steam generators. The current version of the code has been checked out for: three different configurations of the recirculating-type U-tube steam generators; the homogeneous and algebraic-slip flow models; and full and part load operating conditions. The description of ATHOS is divided into the following four volumes: Volume 1, Mathematical and Physical Models and Methods of Solution; Volume 2, Programmer's Manual; Volume 3, User's Manual; and Volume 4, Applications. The code's possible uses, capabilities and limitations are described in Volume 1 as well as in Volume 3.

  11. Wake Studies at the Flowind Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Generator Site.

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, Robert W.; Walker, Stel Nathan; Katen, Paul C.

    1984-03-01

    In a continuing effort to study and characterize various types and sizes of wind turbine generator wakes a test program was conducted at the FloWind 170 kW vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) near Ellensburg, Washington. Oregon State University (OSU) scientists measured the wake behind the 90 ft. tall Darrieus VAWT using fixed place and portable kite anemometers. Downwind velocity deficits were measured from 3-9 diameters along the wake centerline at rotor midpoint (55 ft.) and perpendicular to the wake. Wake turbulence characteristics were also measured. The measured velocity deficits were compared to wake model calculations.

  12. Case History of Reapplication of a 2500 KW Steam Turbine/Gear Drive Generator

    E-print Network

    Smith, S.

    with the highlights of the engineering work required to insure the mechanical operation of the string of equipment. specification of Equipment The customer was in need of a base load turbine/generator set to supply the electrical power to operate the plant... system selected was also to be mounted on the skid with the main oil pump driven off the gear box. Turbine Due to the steam inlet conditions, 575 psig at 750 degrees F, the first concern was the material of construction. It was decided...

  13. Advances in Thermal Spray Coatings for Gas Turbines and Energy Generation: A Review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hardwicke, Canan U.; Lau, Yuk-Chiu

    2013-06-01

    Functional coatings are widely used in energy generation equipment in industries such as renewables, oil and gas, propulsion engines, and gas turbines. Intelligent thermal spray processing is vital in many of these areas for efficient manufacturing. Advanced thermal spray coating applications include thermal management, wear, oxidation, corrosion resistance, sealing systems, vibration and sound absorbance, and component repair. This paper reviews the current status of materials, equipment, processing, and properties' aspects for key coatings in the energy industry, especially the developments in large-scale gas turbines. In addition to the most recent industrial advances in thermal spray technologies, future technical needs are also highlighted.

  14. Modeling a high output marine steam generator feedwater control system which uses parallel turbine-driven feed pumps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qiu, Zhi-Qiang; Zou, Hai; Sun, Jian-Hua

    2008-09-01

    Parallel turbine-driven feedwater pumps are needed when ships travel at high speed. In order to study marine steam generator feedwater control systems which use parallel turbine-driven feed pumps, a mathematical model of marine steam generator feedwater control system was developed which includes mathematical models of two steam generators and parallel turbine-driven feed pumps as well as mathematical models of feedwater pipes and feed regulating valves. The operating condition points of the parallel turbine-driven feed pumps were calculated by the Chebyshev curve fit method. A water level controller for the steam generator and a rotary speed controller for the turbine-driven feed pumps were also included in the model. The accuracy of the mathematical models and their controllers was verified by comparing their results with those from a simulator.

  15. Thermal\\/hydraulic design and performance of an LMFBR double wall tube seven tube steam generator model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Y. Hwang; T. E. Fewell; L. E. Efferding; R. P. Waszink

    1981-01-01

    This paper describes the thermal\\/hydraulic design and performance of a full-length LMFBR steam generator. This seven-tube model (the few tube model-FTM), uses straight, prestressed double wall tubes with third fluid leak detection capabilities. This paper describes the FTM design and instrumentation, the test facility including digital data acquisition system, and a comparison between pretest predictions and actual experimental thermal\\/hydraulic performance

  16. Thermal-Hydraulic Analyses of Steam Generator Tube Rupture Accident for the Kori Nuclear Unit 1 Pressurized Thermal Shock Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Soon-Joon Hong; Jae-Hak Kim; Yong-Soo Kim; Goon-Cherl Park

    2002-01-01

    This paper discusses a thermal-hydraulic analysis methodology using RETRAN-3D and assembles system analyses for pressurized thermal shock resulting from a steam generator tube rupture accident in Kori Nuclear Unit 1. Through a systematic definition of sequences and thermal-hydraulic analyses using RETRAN-3D, the most important parameters on downcomer overcooling were identified. The break location that leads to the most significant overcooling

  17. Thermal/hydraulic design and performance of an LMFBR double wall tube seven tube steam generator model

    SciTech Connect

    Hwang, J.Y.; Fewell, T.E.; Efferding, L.E.; Waszink, R.P.

    1981-01-01

    This paper describes the thermal/hydraulic design and performance of a full-length LMFBR steam generator. This seven-tube model (the few tube model-FTM), uses straight, prestressed double wall tubes with third fluid leak detection capabilities. This paper describes the FTM design and instrumentation, the test facility including digital data acquisition system, and a comparison between pretest predictions and actual experimental thermal/hydraulic performance results for 100 percent load. 7 refs.

  18. A three-dimensional algebraic grid generation scheme for gas turbine combustors with inclined slots

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yang, S. L.; Cline, M. C.; Chen, R.; Chang, Y. L.

    1993-01-01

    A 3D algebraic grid generation scheme is presented for generating the grid points inside gas turbine combustors with inclined slots. The scheme is based on the 2D transfinite interpolation method. Since the scheme is a 2D approach, it is very efficient and can easily be extended to gas turbine combustors with either dilution hole or slot configurations. To demonstrate the feasibility and the usefulness of the technique, a numerical study of the quick-quench/lean-combustion (QQ/LC) zones of a staged turbine combustor is given. Preliminary results illustrate some of the major features of the flow and temperature fields in the QQ/LC zones. Formation of co- and counter-rotating bulk flow and shape temperature fields can be observed clearly, and the resulting patterns are consistent with experimental observations typical of the confined slanted jet-in-cross flow. Numerical solutions show the method to be an efficient and reliable tool for generating computational grids for analyzing gas turbine combustors with slanted slots.

  19. LPV Control for the Full Region Operation of a Wind Turbine Integrated with Synchronous Generator

    PubMed Central

    Grigoriadis, Karolos M.; Nyanteh, Yaw D.

    2015-01-01

    Wind turbine conversion systems require feedback control to achieve reliable wind turbine operation and stable current supply. A robust linear parameter varying (LPV) controller is proposed to reduce the structural loads and improve the power extraction of a horizontal axis wind turbine operating in both the partial load and the full load regions. The LPV model is derived from the wind turbine state space models extracted by FAST (fatigue, aerodynamics, structural, and turbulence) code linearization at different operating points. In order to assure a smooth transition between the two regions, appropriate frequency-dependent varying scaling parametric weighting functions are designed in the LPV control structure. The solution of a set of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) leads to the LPV controller. A synchronous generator model is connected with the closed LPV control loop for examining the electrical subsystem performance obtained by an inner speed control loop. Simulation results of a 1.5?MW horizontal axis wind turbine model on the FAST platform illustrates the benefit of the LPV control and demonstrates the advantages of this proposed LPV controller, when compared with a traditional gain scheduling PI control and prior LPV control configurations. Enhanced structural load mitigation, improved power extraction, and good current performance were obtained from the proposed LPV control. PMID:25884036

  20. LPV control for the full region operation of a wind turbine integrated with synchronous generator.

    PubMed

    Cao, Guoyan; Grigoriadis, Karolos M; Nyanteh, Yaw D

    2015-01-01

    Wind turbine conversion systems require feedback control to achieve reliable wind turbine operation and stable current supply. A robust linear parameter varying (LPV) controller is proposed to reduce the structural loads and improve the power extraction of a horizontal axis wind turbine operating in both the partial load and the full load regions. The LPV model is derived from the wind turbine state space models extracted by FAST (fatigue, aerodynamics, structural, and turbulence) code linearization at different operating points. In order to assure a smooth transition between the two regions, appropriate frequency-dependent varying scaling parametric weighting functions are designed in the LPV control structure. The solution of a set of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) leads to the LPV controller. A synchronous generator model is connected with the closed LPV control loop for examining the electrical subsystem performance obtained by an inner speed control loop. Simulation results of a 1.5?MW horizontal axis wind turbine model on the FAST platform illustrates the benefit of the LPV control and demonstrates the advantages of this proposed LPV controller, when compared with a traditional gain scheduling PI control and prior LPV control configurations. Enhanced structural load mitigation, improved power extraction, and good current performance were obtained from the proposed LPV control. PMID:25884036

  1. Design and construction of a thermophotovoltaic generator using turbine combustion gas

    SciTech Connect

    Erickson, T.A.; Lindler, K.W.; Harper, M.J. [Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD (United States). Dept. of Naval Architecture, Ocean, and Marine Engineering

    1997-07-01

    This US Naval Academy project involves the development of a prototype thermophotovoltaic (TPV) generator that uses a General Electric T-58 helicopter gas turbine as the heat source. The goals of this project were to demonstrate the viability of using TPV and external combustion gases to generate electricity, and develop a system which could also be used for materials testing. The generator was modularly designed so that different materials could be tested at a later date. The combustion gas was tapped from the T-58`s combustor through one of the two igniter ports and extracted through a silicon carbide matrix ceramic composite tube into a similarly constructed ceramic composite radiant emitter. The ceramic radiant emitters is heated by the combustion gas via convection, and then serves the TPV generator by radiating the heat outwards where it can be absorbed by thermophotovoltaic cells and converted directly into electricity. The gas turbine and generator module are monitored by a data acquisition system that performs both data collection and control functions. This paper details the design of the TPV generator. It also gives results of initial tests with the gas turbine.

  2. A Transverse Flux High-Temperature Superconducting Generator Topology for Large Direct Drive Wind Turbines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Keysan, Ozan; Mueller, Markus A.

    The cost and mass of an offshore wind turbine power-train can be reduced by using high-temperature superconducting generators, but for a successful commercial design the superconducting generator should be as reliable as its alternatives. In this paper, we present a novel transverse ?ux superconducting generator topology which is suitable for low-speed, high-torque applications. The generator is designed with a stationary superconducting ?eld winding and a variable reluctance claw pole motor for simpli?ed mechanical structure and maximum reliability. 3D FEA simulation results of a 70 kW prototype is presented.

  3. Optimized working conditions for a thermoelectric generator as a topping cycle for gas turbines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brady Knowles, C.; Lee, Hohyun

    2012-10-01

    This paper presents a model for a theoretical maximum efficiency of a thermoelectric generator integrated with a Brayton-cycle engine. The thermoelectric cycle is presented in two configurations as a topping cycle and a preheating topping cycle. For the topping cycle configuration, the thermoelectric generator receives heat from a high-temperature heat source and produces electrical work before rejecting heat to a Brayton cycle. For the preheating topping cycle, the rejected heat from the thermoelectric generator partially heats the compressed working fluid of the Brayton cycle before a secondary heater delivers heat to the working fluid directly from the heat source. The thermoelectric topping cycle efficiency increases as the temperature difference between the hot- and cold-side increases; however, this limits the heat transfer possible to the Brayton cycle, which in turn reduces power generation from the Brayton cycle. This model identifies the optimum operating parameters of the thermoelectric and Brayton cycles to obtain the maximum thermal efficiency of the combined cycle. In both configurations, efficiency gains are larger at low-temperature Brayton cycles. Although a thermoelectric generator (TEG) topping cycle enhances efficiency for a low temperature turbine, efficiency cannot exceed a high temperature gas turbine. Using a TEG topping cycle is limited to cases when space or price for a high temperature turbine cannot be justified. A design to achieve the preheating thermoelectric topping cycle is also presented.

  4. A microfabricated ElectroQuasiStatic induction turbine-generator

    E-print Network

    Steyn, J. Lodewyk (Jasper Lodewyk), 1976-

    2005-01-01

    An ElectroQuasiStatic (EQS) induction machine has been fabricated and has generated net electric power. A maximum power output of 192 [mu]W at 235 krpm has been measured under driven excitation of the six phases. Self ...

  5. RELAP5/MOD3 Analysis of Transient Steam-Generator Behavior During Turbine Trip Test of a Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor MONJU

    SciTech Connect

    Yoshihisa Shindo; Hiroshi Endo; Tomoko Ishizu; Kazuo Haga [Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (Japan)

    2006-07-01

    In order to develop a thermal-hydraulic model of the steam-generator (SG) to simulate transient phenomena in the sodium cooled fast breeder reactor (FBR) MONJU, Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization (JNES) verified the SG model using the RELAP5/MOD3 code against the results of the turbine trip test at a 40% power load of MONJU. The modeling by using RELAP5 was considered to explain the significant observed behaviors of the pressure and the temperature of the EV steam outlet, and the temperature of water supply distributing piping till 600 seconds after the turbine trip. The analysis results of these behaviors showed good agreement with the test results based on results of parameter study as the blow efficiency (release coef.) and heat transferred from the helical coil region to the down-comer (temperature heating down-comer tubes). It was found that the RELAP5/MOD3 code with a two-fluids model can predict well the physical situation: the gas-phase of steam generated by the decompression boiling moves upward in the down-comer tubes accompanied by the enthalpy increase of the water supply chambers; and that the pressure change of a 'shoulder' like shape is induced by the mass balance between the steam mass generated in the down-comer tubes and the steam mass blown from the SG. The applicability of RELAP5/MOD3 to SG modeling was confirmed by simulating the actual FBR system. (authors)

  6. Cavitation Vibration Monitoring in the Kaplan Turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Liangliang Zhan; Yucheng Peng; Xiyang Chen

    2009-01-01

    Cavitation is a common damage phenomenon in running hydraulic turbines. In order to meets the needs of hydraulic turbine cavitation monitoring, an experimental investigation, which according to high frequency vibration induced by cavitation, has been carried out on a Kaplan turbine. Four high-level accelerometers with 53 kHz natural frequency have been mounted on the turbine, and four data acquisition channels

  7. Electromagnetic design analysis and performance improvement of axial field permanent magnet generator for small wind turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jung, Tae-Uk

    2012-04-01

    Axial field permanent magnet (AFPM) generators are widely applied for the small wind turbine. The output power of conventional AFPM generator, AFER-NS (Axial Field External Rotor-Non Slotted) generator, is limited by the large reluctance by the long air-gap flux paths. In this paper, the novel structure of AFPM generator, AFIR-S (Axial Field Inner Rotor-Slotted) generator, is suggested to improve the output characteristics. The electromagnetic design analysis and the design improvement of the suggested AFIR-S generator are studied. Firstly, the electromagnetic design analysis was done to increase the power density. Secondly, the design optimizations of the rotor pole-arc ratio and skew angle to increase the output power and to reduce the cogging torque. Finally, the output performances of AFER-NS and AFIR-S generator are compared with each other.

  8. Hydraulic assist turbocharger system

    SciTech Connect

    Kobayashi, R.J.

    1992-05-19

    This patent describes a turbocharger system for supplying charge air to a combustion engine. It comprises a pair of turbochargers each having a first turbine and compressor mounted on a common shaft for concurrent rotation, the first turbine being adapted to be rotatably driven by exhaust gases from the combustion engine to rotatably drive the compressor to produce charge air for supply to the engine, the turbocharger further including a second turbine mounted on the shaft, the second turbine comprising an hydraulic turbine for rotatably driving the common shaft to rotatably drive the compressor; pump means for producing a supply of hydraulic fluid under pressure; conduit means for delivering the hydraulic fluid under pressure to the second turbine to rotatably drive the second turbine; electrohydraulic control valve means for regulating passage of the hydraulic fluid through the conduit means to selectively control rotatable driving of the shaft by the second turbine in accordance with engine operating parameters; and a common support frame having the pair of turbochargers and the control valve means and the pump means mounted thereon to define a substantially unitary package adapted for facilitated mounting onto the engine.

  9. Preliminary analysis of performance and loads data from the 2-megawatt mod-1 wind turbine generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spera, D. A.; Viterna, L. A.; Richards, T. R.; Neustadter, H. E.

    1979-01-01

    Preliminary test data on output power versus wind speed, rotor blade loads, system dynamic behavior, and start-stop characteristics on the Mod-1 wind turbine generator are presented. These data were analyzed statistically and are compared with design predictions of system performance and loads. To date, the Mod-1 wind turbine generator has produced up to 1.5 MW of power, with a measured power versus wind speed curve which agrees closely with design. Blade loads were measured at wind speeds up to 14 m/s and also during rapid shutdowns. Peak transient loads during the most severe shutdowns are less than the design limit loads. On the inboard blade sections, fatigue loads are approximately equal to the design cyclic loads. On the outboard blade sections, however, measured cyclic loads are significantly larger than design values, but they do not appear to exceed fatigue allowable loads as yet.

  10. Mod-5A wind turbine generator program design report. Volume 4: Drawings and specifications, book 3

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The design, development and analysis of the 7.3 MW MOD-5A wind turbine generator is documented. This volume contains the drawings and specifications developed for the final design. This volume is divided into 5 books of which this is the third, containing drawings 47A380074 through 47A380126. A full breakdown parts listing is provided as well as a where used list.

  11. Comparison of measured and calculated sound pressure levels around a large horizontal axis wind turbine generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shepherd, Kevin P.; Willshire, William L., Jr.; Hubbard, Harvey H.

    1989-01-01

    Results are reported from a large number of simultaneous acoustic measurements around a large horizontal axis downwind configuration wind turbine generator. In addition, comparisons are made between measurements and calculations of both the discrete frequency rotational harmonics and the broad band noise components. Sound pressure time histories and noise radiation patterns as well as narrow band and broadband noise spectra are presented for a range of operating conditions. The data are useful for purposes of environmental impact assessment.

  12. WindTurbineGenerator Introduction of the Renewable Micro-Grid Test-Bed

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Eric E.

    : 4Ch Encoder or Hall sensor IGBT Switch Module: PM100RLA120A - 3, 100A, 1200V AC/DC Converter DC Simulator Wind Turbine: PMSM, 3kW, 8.3A Wind Generator: PMSM, 3kW, 8.3A 3 AC/DC Converter & DC/AC Inverter v c c c c Capacitor Bank - 450V, 9400uF Voltage Sensor: LV25P - ± 500V Current Sensor: LA 55-P

  13. Application of active NPC converter on generator side for MW direct-driven wind turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jun Li; A. Q. Huang; S. Bhattacharya; Wei Jing

    2010-01-01

    3L-NPC topology is usually used in MW wind turbine (WT) systems with full-scale converter configuration. However, due to its drawback of unequal device loss distribution, the converter rated power, and thus the WT unit capacity is limited. Moreover, in cased of device failure in generator converter, in order to protect the WT system, the converter has to shut down to

  14. A comprehensive finite-element model of a turbine-generator infinite-busbar system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rafael Escarela-Perez; Marco A. Arjona-Lopez; Enrique Melgoza-Vazquez; Eduardo Campero-Littlewood; Carlos Aviles-Cruz

    2004-01-01

    This paper shows the development of a two-dimensional finite-element magnetic model of a turbine generator coupled to an infinite busbar through a transmission line and a delta-star connected transformer. The finite-element equations of the machine are strongly coupled to the circuit equations of the transmission line and transformer. The circuit equations developed for the delta-star connection enable the simulation of

  15. Direct and Quadrature-Axis Equivalent Circuits for Solid-Rotor Turbine Generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Jackson; Robert Winchester

    1969-01-01

    Direct- and quadrature-axis equivalent circuits are developed for solid-rotor turbine generators. The equivalent circuits model, in considerable detail, important current-carrying paths in the rotor in addition to the excitation winding. Impedance equations are formulated so that a valid representation can be obtained over a wide range of frequencies. Operational solution of the equivalent circuits provides a powerful means for accurate

  16. Transient, Three-Dimensional, Finite-Element Analysis of Heat Flow in Turbine-Generator Rotors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. F. Armor

    1980-01-01

    The problem of three-dimensional, transient heat flow in the rotors of large turbine-generators is solved using a finite element formulation and employing new arch-shaped elements. Applications to negative sequence current heating and to rotor mechanical unbalance caused by thermal asymmetries are discussed. The method is shown to agree well with analytical calculations for heat flow in cylinders. Isothermal plots on

  17. Method for changing removable bearing for a wind turbine generator

    DOEpatents

    Bagepalli, Bharat Sampathkumaran (Niskayuna, NY); Jansen, Patrick Lee (Scotia, NY); Gadre, Aniruddha Dattatraya (Rexford, NY)

    2008-04-22

    A wind generator having removable change-out bearings includes a rotor and a stator, locking bolts configured to lock the rotor and stator, a removable bearing sub-assembly having at least one shrunk-on bearing installed, and removable mounting bolts configured to engage the bearing sub-assembly and to allow the removable bearing sub-assembly to be removed when the removable mounting bolts are removed.

  18. A two-fluid two-phase model for thermal-hydraulic analysis of a U-tube steam generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Huanjen Hung; Chingchang Chieng; Baushei Pei; Songfeng Wang

    1993-01-01

    The Advanced Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis Code for Nuclear Steam Generators (ATHANS) was developed on the basis of the THERMIT-UTSG computer code for U-tube steam generators. The main features of the ATHANS model are as follows: (a) the equations are solved in cylindrical coordinates, (b) the number and the arrangement of the control volumes inside the steam generator can be chosen by

  19. Hydro turbine rehab benefits from modeling

    SciTech Connect

    Froehlich, D.R.; Veatch, J.A. (Black and Veatch (US))

    1991-01-01

    The turbine aging process, while seemingly imperceptible, inevitably results in reduced turbine efficiency and capacity. The primary causes of these reductions are runner hydraulic profile changes during weld repairs, surface finish deterioration from cavitation, and runner seal clearance increases due to wear. Many aging turbines require more frequent repairs due to runner cavitation, and wicket gate mechanism, shaft seal, and guide bearing wear. In many instances turbine component repair can be performed in-place. On older units, runner seals, wicket gate bearings, and wicket gate end seals can be repaired only when the turbine is disassembled. Since the significant cost to disassemble and overhaul units must be offset by future maintenance savings and generation increases, turbine rehabilitation is often postponed as owners consider other alternatives. Rehabilitation is a general term used to describe a wide range of turbine reconditioning and design alternatives. Turbine rehabilitation can include a major overhaul of components, runner replacement, and component modifications. Deteriorated runners can be replaced with either a new identical runner or a new modern design having increased efficiency and capacity. The comparative turbine performance of an original, existing, and a modern runner design are shown in this paper. Component overhauls can extend turbine life and restore original efficiency and capacity to existing units. However, the overhaul of existing components cannot increase plant capacity and generation above the as-new values. As a result, owners of aging plants are considering the benefits of replacing existing turbines with modern, more efficient, higher capacity turbines, or expanding the sites. Where expansion is not feasible, hydroelectric power plant owners are finding that turbine rehabilitation is the most cost-effective method to increase plant value and life.

  20. A new opportunity for hydro: Using air turbines for generating electricity

    SciTech Connect

    Gorlov, A.M. (Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States))

    1992-09-01

    A concept that uses hydropower to compress air could increase the number of locations where hydro is economically and environmentally feasible. The idea is being tested in a demonstration project in the northeastern U.S. The hydroelectric industry could experience substantial growth in low-head hydro facilities if a concept now being developed proves successful. This concept aims to enable power developers to generate electricity economically at sites currently not feasible for hydropower because water heads are too low. Many areas of North America are studded with low-head dams that could provide considerable hydro capacity if low-head generation were economically feasible. The six New England states in the US, for example, contain approximately 15,000 dams that have never been used to generate electric power because they impound water with heads ranging from 3 to 13 feet. Conventional facilities are not economically practical for generating electricity at these low heads. However, a promising alternative approach is to use water at these low-head dams to compress air, and then to use the air to power an air turbine-generator that produces electricity. The concept, called hydropneumatic generation, can be visualized by imagining a container, such as a large teacup, inverted and submerged in tidal waters. As the tide rises, the water compresses the air trapped inside the container. When the tide ebbs, the pressure decreases, putting the air into a partial vacuum. If a vent pipe were installed from the container to the atmosphere, air would flow out of the container as the water depth increased, and flow back in as the water depth decreased. Hydropneumatic energy is generated by installing an air-powered turbine to harness the energy of this airflow through the vent pipe. The turbine can be installed to rotate in the same direction at all times, even though the airflow reverses direction.

  1. Dynamic analysis of a grid-connected induction generator driven by a wave-energy turbine through hunting networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. S. Yegna Narayanan; B. K. Murthy; G. Sridhara Rao

    1999-01-01

    The presence of forced oscillations occurring in a Wells turbine driven grid-connected induction generator enables one to seek a solution by considering the analogy between the dynamics of Wells turbine driven systems with those associated with diesel-engine driven generators or electric motors driving reciprocating compressors, where also such forced oscillations occur, although there they occur in synchronism with shaft-position or

  2. How hard can it be to pitch a wind turbine blade? Moment of inertia approximately

    E-print Network

    a wind turbine blade? Motivation · How to model a hydraulic pitch actuator? · Second order system it be to pitch a wind turbine blade? Hydraulic system #12;How hard can it be to pitch a wind turbine blade? Flows a wind turbine blade? Hydraulic pitch actuator for the virtual NREL 5 MW turbine · Motivation · Actuator

  3. Method for predicting impulsive noise generated by wind-turbine rotors

    SciTech Connect

    Viterna, L.A.

    1982-01-01

    Large wind turbines can generate both broad-band and impulsive noises. These noises can be controlled by proper choice of rotor design parameters such as rotor location with respect to the supporting tower, tower geometry, and tip speed. A method has been developed to calculate the impulsive noise generated when the wind turbine blade experiences air forces that are periodic functions of the rotational frequency. This phenomenon can occur when the blades operate in the wake of the support tower and the non-uniform velocity field near the ground due to wind shear. Results from this method are compared with measured sound spectra taken at locations of one to two rotor diameters from the DOE/NASA Mod-1 wind turbine. The calculated spectra generally agree with the measured data in both the amplitude of the predominant harmonics and the roll-off rate with frequency. Measured sound pressure levels far from the Mod-1 (15 rotor diameters), however, are higher than predicted. Simultaneous measurements in the near and far field indicate the propagation effects can enhance the sound levels by more than 10 dB above that expected by spherical dispersion. These propagation effects are believed to be due to terrain and atmospheric characteristics of the Mod-1 site.

  4. 14 CFR 33.72 - Hydraulic actuating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Hydraulic actuating systems. 33.72 Section 33.72 Aeronautics...Turbine Aircraft Engines § 33.72 Hydraulic actuating systems. Each hydraulic actuating system must function properly under...

  5. 14 CFR 33.72 - Hydraulic actuating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Hydraulic actuating systems. 33.72 Section 33.72 Aeronautics...Turbine Aircraft Engines § 33.72 Hydraulic actuating systems. Each hydraulic actuating system must function properly under...

  6. 14 CFR 33.72 - Hydraulic actuating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Hydraulic actuating systems. 33.72 Section 33.72 Aeronautics...Turbine Aircraft Engines § 33.72 Hydraulic actuating systems. Each hydraulic actuating system must function properly under...

  7. 14 CFR 33.72 - Hydraulic actuating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Hydraulic actuating systems. 33.72 Section 33.72 Aeronautics...Turbine Aircraft Engines § 33.72 Hydraulic actuating systems. Each hydraulic actuating system must function properly under...

  8. 14 CFR 33.72 - Hydraulic actuating systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Hydraulic actuating systems. 33.72 Section 33...Construction; Turbine Aircraft Engines § 33.72 Hydraulic actuating systems. Each hydraulic actuating system must function...

  9. Prediction of broadband noise from large horizontal axis wind turbine generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grosveld, F. W.

    1984-01-01

    A method is presented for predicting the broadband noise spectra of large horizontal axis wind turbine generators. It includes contributions from such noise sources as the inflow turbulence to the rotor, the interactions between the turbulent boundary layers on the blade surfaces with their trailing edges and the wake due to a blunt trailing edge. The method is partly empirical and is based on acoustic measurements of large wind turbines and airfoil models. The predicted frequency spectra are compared with measured data from several machines including the MOD-OA, the MOD-2, the WTS-4 and the U.S. Wind-power Inc. machine. Also included is a broadband noise prediction for the proposed MOD-5B. The significance of the effects of machine size, power output, trailing edge bluntness and distance to the receiver is illustrated. Good agreement is obtained between the predicted and measured far field noise spectra.

  10. Measurement and prediction of broadband noise from large horizontal axis wind turbine generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grosveld, F. W.; Shepherd, K. P.; Hubbard, H. H.

    1995-01-01

    A method is presented for predicting the broadband noise spectra of large wind turbine generators. It includes contributions from such noise sources as the inflow turbulence to the rotor, the interactions between the turbulent boundary layers on the blade surfaces with their trailing edges and the wake due to a blunt trailing edge. The method is partly empirical and is based on acoustic measurements of large wind turbines and airfoil models. Spectra are predicted for several large machines including the proposed MOD-5B. Measured data are presented for the MOD-2, the WTS-4, the MOD-OA, and the U.S. Windpower Inc. machines. Good agreement is shown between the predicted and measured far field noise spectra.

  11. Multi-converter operation of variable speed wind turbine driving permanent magnet synchronous generator during network fault

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. M. Muyeen; R. Takahashi; T. Murata; J. Tamura

    2009-01-01

    The full or partial rating frequency converters, in general, are used widely for the operation of variable speed wind turbine (VSWT) driven wind generators. Among the variable speed wind generators, permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) which uses a full rating frequency converter for grid interfacing is drawing much attention nowadays due to its some salient features. However, considering the factors

  12. Thermal hydraulic analysis\\/data comparisons of two U-tube steam generators using the ATHOS3 code

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. W. Keeton; S. D. Habchi; A. K. Singhal; G. Srikantiah

    1987-01-01

    This paper describes numerical simulations of two full-scale, U-Tube steam generators of the Westinghouse Model 51-type. The selected generators are instrumented and operated by Electricite de France (EdF) at the Bugey-4 and Tricastin-1 power plants. The computer code used is ATHOS3, which is designed for three-dimensional, two-phase, steady-state and transient thermal-hydraulic analysis of U-Tube I (UTSG) and Once-Through (OTSG) steam

  13. SMART POWER TURBINE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nirm V. Nirmalan

    2003-01-01

    Gas turbines are the choice technology for high-performance power generation and are employed in both simple and combined cycle configurations around the world. The Smart Power Turbine (SPT) program has developed new technologies that are needed to further extend the performance and economic attractiveness of gas turbines for power generation. Today's power generation gas turbines control firing temperatures indirectly, by

  14. Steam Turbine Cogeneration 

    E-print Network

    Quach, K.; Robb, A. G.

    2008-01-01

    Steam turbines are widely used in most industrial facilities because steam is readily available and steam turbine is easy to operate and maintain. If designed properly, a steam turbine co-generation (producing heat and power simultaneously) system...

  15. Economical Condensing Turbines

    E-print Network

    Dean, J. E.

    1997-01-01

    Steam turbines have long been used at utilities and in industry to generate power. There are three basic types of steam turbines: condensing, letdown and extraction/condensing. • Letdown turbines reduce the pressure of the incoming steam to one...

  16. Steam Turbine Cogeneration

    E-print Network

    Quach, K.; Robb, A. G.

    2008-01-01

    Steam turbines are widely used in most industrial facilities because steam is readily available and steam turbine is easy to operate and maintain. If designed properly, a steam turbine co-generation (producing heat and power simultaneously) system...

  17. Design Study of Coated Conductor Direct Drive Wind Turbine Generator for Small Scale Demonstration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Abrahamsen, Asger B.; Jensen, Bogi B.

    We have investigated the properties of a superconducting direct drive generator suitable for demonstration in a small scale 11 kW wind turbine. The engineering current density of the superconducting ?eld windings is based on properties of coated conductors wound into coils holding of the order 68 meters of tape. The active mass of the generators has been investigated as function of the number of poles and a 4 pole generator is suggested as a feasible starting point of an in-?eld demonstration of the system reliability. An active mass of m = 421 kg and a usage of 3.45 km of tape will be needed to realize such a generator with a peak ?ux density in the airgap of B0 = 1.5 T.

  18. Water turbine technology for small power stations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salovaara, T.

    1980-02-01

    The paper examines hydro-power stations and the efficiency and costs of using water turbines to run them. Attention is given to different turbine types emphasizing the use of Kaplan-turbines and runners. Hydraulic characteristics and mechanical properties of low head turbines and small turbines, constructed of fully fabricated steel plate structures, are presented.

  19. Water turbine technology for small power stations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Salovaara

    1980-01-01

    The paper examines hydro-power stations and the efficiency and costs of using water turbines to run them. Attention is given to different turbine types emphasizing the use of Kaplan-turbines and runners. Hydraulic characteristics and mechanical properties of low head turbines and small turbines, constructed of fully fabricated steel plate structures, are presented.

  20. Investigation of self-excited induction generators for wind turbine applications

    SciTech Connect

    Muljadi, E.; Butterfield, C.P.; Sallan, J.; Sanz, M.

    2000-02-28

    The use of squirrel-cage induction machines in wind generation is widely accepted as a generator of choice. The squirrel-cage induction machine is simple, reliable, cheap, lightweight, and requires very little maintenance. Generally, the induction generator is connected to the utility at constant frequency. With a constant frequency operation, the induction generator operates at practically constant speed (small range of slip). The wind turbine operates in optimum efficiency only within a small range of wind speed variation. The variable-speed operation allows an increase in energy captured and reduces both the torque peaks in the drive train and the power fluctuations sent to the utility. In variable-speed operation, an induction generator needs an interface to convert the variable frequency output of the generator to the fixed frequency at the utility. This interface can be simplified by using a self-excited generator because a simple diode bridge is required to perform the ac/dc conversion. The subsequent dc/ac conversion can be performed using different techniques. The use of a thyristor bridge is readily available for large power conversion and has a lower cost and higher reliability. The firing angle of the inverter bridge can be controlled to track the optimum power curve of the wind turbine. With only diodes and thyristors used in power conversion, the system can be scaled up to a very high voltage and high power applications. This paper analyzes the operation of such a system applied to a 1/3-hp self-excited induction generator. It includes the simulations and tests performed for the different excitation configurations.

  1. Wind Turbine Generator System Duration Test Report for the Gaia-Wind 11 kW Wind Turbine

    SciTech Connect

    Huskey, A.; Bowen, A.; Jager, D.

    2010-09-01

    This test was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. This project was established to help reduce the barriers of wind energy expansion by providing independent testing results for small turbines. In total, five turbines are being tested at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NRELs) National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) as a part of this project. Duration testing is one of up to five tests that may be performed on the turbines, including power performance, safety and function, noise, and power quality tests. The results of the testing will provide the manufacturers with reports that may be used for small wind turbine certification. The test equipment includes a Gaia-Wind 11 kW wind turbine mounted on an 18 m monopole tower. Gaia-Wind Ltd. manufactured the turbine in Denmark, although the company is based in Scotland. The system was installed by the NWTC Site Operations group with guidance and assistance from Gaia-Wind.

  2. Industrial gas turbine combustion performance test of DME to use as an alternative fuel for power generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Min Chul Lee; Seok Bin Seo; Jae Hwa Chung; Yong Jin Joo; Dal Hong Ahn

    2009-01-01

    DME (dimethyl ether, CH3OCH3) is both a good alternative fuel for transportation and power generation and an LPG substitute owing to its cleanliness, multi-source productivity and the ease with which it is transported. This study was conducted to verify whether DME is a good fuel for gas turbines and to identify potential problems in fuelling a commercial gas turbine with

  3. Baseload wind energy: modeling the competition between gas turbines and compressed air energy storage for supplemental generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffery B. Greenblatt; Samir Succar; David C. Denkenberger; Robert H. Williams; Robert H. Socolow

    2007-01-01

    The economic viability of producing baseload wind energy was explored using a cost-optimization model to simulate two competing systems: wind energy supplemented by simple- and combined cycle natural gas turbines (“wind+gas”), and wind energy supplemented by compressed air energy storage (“wind+CAES”). Pure combined cycle natural gas turbines (“gas”) were used as a proxy for conventional baseload generation. Long-distance electric transmission

  4. Thermal-hydraulic characteristics of a Westinghouse Model 51 steam generator. Volume 2. Appendix A, numerical results. Interim report. [CALIPSOS code numerical data

    SciTech Connect

    Fanselau, R.W.; Thakkar, J.G.; Hiestand, J.W.; Cassell, D.

    1981-03-01

    The Comparative Thermal-Hydraulic Evaluation of Steam Generators program represents an analytical investigation of the thermal-hydraulic characteristics of four PWR steam generators. The analytical tool utilized in this investigation is the CALIPSOS code, a three-dimensional flow distribution code. This report presents the steady state thermal-hydraulic characteristics on the secondary side of a Westinghouse Model 51 steam generator. Details of the CALIPSOS model with accompanying assumptions, operating parameters, and transport correlations are identified. Comprehensive graphical and numerical results are presented to facilitate the desired comparison with other steam generators analyzed by the same flow distribution code.

  5. Model-OA wind turbine generator - Failure modes and effects analysis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Klein, William E.; Lali, Vincent R.

    1990-01-01

    The results failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) conducted for wind-turbine generators are presented. The FMEA was performed for the functional modes of each system, subsystem, or component. The single-point failures were eliminated for most of the systems. The blade system was the only exception. The qualitative probability of a blade separating was estimated at level D-remote. Many changes were made to the hardware as a result of this analysis. The most significant change was the addition of the safety system. Operational experience and need to improve machine availability have resulted in subsequent changes to the various systems, which are also reflected in this FMEA.

  6. Output Power Leveling of Wind Turbine Generator by Pitch Angle Control Using H? Control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sakamoto, Ryosei; Senjyu, Tomonobu; Kaneko, Toshiaki; Urasaki, Naomitsu; Takagi, Teruo; Sugimoto, Shigeyuki

    Effective utilization of renewable energies such as wind energy is expected instead of the fossil fuel. Wind energy is not constant and windmill output is proportional to the cube of wind speed, which cause fluctuating power of wind turbine generator (WTG). In order to reduce the fluctuating power of WTG, this paper presents a output power leveling technique of WTG by pitch angle control using H? control. H? control is required to consider the measurement deviation and modeling error. The simulation results with using actual detailed model for WTG show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  7. Analytical investigation of thermal barrier coatings for advanced power generation combustion turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Amos, D. J.

    1977-01-01

    An analytical evaluation was conducted to determine quantitatively the improvement potential in cycle efficiency and cost of electricity made possible by the introduction of thermal barrier coatings to power generation combustion turbine systems. The thermal barrier system, a metallic bond coat and yttria stabilized zirconia outer layer applied by plasma spray techniques, acts as a heat insulator to provide substantial metal temperature reductions below that of the exposed thermal barrier surface. The study results show the thermal barrier to be a potentially attractive means for improving performance and reducing cost of electricity for the simple, recuperated, and combined cycles evaluated.

  8. Proposal and Development of Radial Air-gap Coreless Generator Suitable for Small Wind Turbine using in Urban Area

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takahashi, Toshiyuki; Yasuda, Yoh; Ohmoto, Shingo; Hara, Takehisa

    Independent distributed generations using small wind turbines are widely spread as increasing of wind power generation. Installation of small wind turbines in densely-populated urban area is not only useful from the viewpoint of digging up wind power source in weak-wind area but also for enlightenment of renewable energy due to closing power supplies to consumptions. From the point of view, the authors proposed “urban wind power generation" using collective system with a number of small vertical wind turbines and have developed a suitable generator for low-speed vertical wind turbines such as Savonius windmill. Standardized on a coreless generator, the proposed generator is designed to let direction of magnetic fluxes radial in order to install the magnets and coils on the outer end of the generator. The change of magnet composition and flux direction gives realization of maximized speed of flux change and output voltage in the limited space. With above composition, the power of the proposed one is independent on the diameter. In this report, we describe evaluated fundamental performance of a prototype of the proposed generator. As the result of the experiments, the maximum output power of 283W was obtained. The obtained starting torque is enough small to begin to rotate at weak wind condition of no more than 1m/s. Therefore, it is clear that the proposed “radial” coreless generator is suitable for self-starting and producing high power at low speed wind.

  9. MOD-0A 200 kW wind turbine generator design and analysis report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anderson, T. S.; Bodenschatz, C. A.; Eggers, A. G.; Hughes, P. S.; Lampe, R. F.; Lipner, M. H.; Schornhorst, J. R.

    1980-01-01

    The design, analysis, and initial performance of the MOD-OA 200 kW wind turbine generator at Clayton, NM is documented. The MOD-OA was designed and built to obtain operation and performance data and experience in utility environments. The project requirements, approach, system description, design requirements, design, analysis, system tests, installation, safety considerations, failure modes and effects analysis, data acquisition, and initial performance for the wind turbine are discussed. The design and analysis of the rotor, drive train, nacelle equipment, yaw drive mechanism and brake, tower, foundation, electricl system, and control systems are presented. The rotor includes the blades, hub, and pitch change mechanism. The drive train includes the low speed shaft, speed increaser, high speed shaft, and rotor brake. The electrical system includes the generator, switchgear, transformer, and utility connection. The control systems are the blade pitch, yaw, and generator control, and the safety system. Manual, automatic, and remote control are discussed. Systems analyses on dynamic loads and fatigue are presented.

  10. MOD-0A 200 kW wind turbine generator design and analysis report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderson, T. S.; Bodenschatz, C. A.; Eggers, A. G.; Hughes, P. S.; Lampe, R. F.; Lipner, M. H.; Schornhorst, J. R.

    1980-08-01

    The design, analysis, and initial performance of the MOD-OA 200 kW wind turbine generator at Clayton, NM is documented. The MOD-OA was designed and built to obtain operation and performance data and experience in utility environments. The project requirements, approach, system description, design requirements, design, analysis, system tests, installation, safety considerations, failure modes and effects analysis, data acquisition, and initial performance for the wind turbine are discussed. The design and analysis of the rotor, drive train, nacelle equipment, yaw drive mechanism and brake, tower, foundation, electricl system, and control systems are presented. The rotor includes the blades, hub, and pitch change mechanism. The drive train includes the low speed shaft, speed increaser, high speed shaft, and rotor brake. The electrical system includes the generator, switchgear, transformer, and utility connection. The control systems are the blade pitch, yaw, and generator control, and the safety system. Manual, automatic, and remote control are discussed. Systems analyses on dynamic loads and fatigue are presented.

  11. The MOD-OA 200 kilowatt wind turbine generator design and analysis report

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Andersen, T. S.; Bodenschatz, C. A.; Eggers, A. G.; Hughes, P. S.; Lampe, R. F.; Lipner, M. H.; Schornhorst, J. R.

    1980-01-01

    The project requirements, approach, system description, design requirements, design, analysis, system tests, installation safety considerations, failure modes and effects analysis, data acquisition, and initial performance for the MOD-OA 200 kw wind turbine generator are discussed. The components, the rotor, driven train, nacelle equipment, yaw drive mechanism and brake, tower, foundation, electrical system, and control systems are presented. The rotor includes the blades, hub and pitch change mechanism. The drive train includes the low speed shaft, speed increaser, high speed shaft, and rotor brake. The electrical system includes the generator, switchgear, transformer, and utility connection. The control systems are the blade pitch, yaw, and generator control, and the safety system. Manual, automatic, and remote control and Dynamic loads and fatigue are analyzed.

  12. The MOD-OA 200 kilowatt wind turbine generator design and analysis report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andersen, T. S.; Bodenschatz, C. A.; Eggers, A. G.; Hughes, P. S.; Lampe, R. F.; Lipner, M. H.; Schornhorst, J. R.

    1980-08-01

    The project requirements, approach, system description, design requirements, design, analysis, system tests, installation safety considerations, failure modes and effects analysis, data acquisition, and initial performance for the MOD-OA 200 kw wind turbine generator are discussed. The components, the rotor, driven train, nacelle equipment, yaw drive mechanism and brake, tower, foundation, electrical system, and control systems are presented. The rotor includes the blades, hub and pitch change mechanism. The drive train includes the low speed shaft, speed increaser, high speed shaft, and rotor brake. The electrical system includes the generator, switchgear, transformer, and utility connection. The control systems are the blade pitch, yaw, and generator control, and the safety system. Manual, automatic, and remote control and Dynamic loads and fatigue are analyzed.

  13. Aerodynamic effects on TLP type wind turbines and predictions of the electricity they generate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nihei, Yasunori; Fujioka, Hiroyuki

    2011-06-01

    This research proposes a new offshore wind energy generation system that uses a tension leg platform (TLP) and describes experiments performed on a TLP type wind turbine in both waves and wind. The following conclusions can be made from the results of this research. 1) In the case of coexisting wave-wind fields, the wind effect stabilizes the pitch motion. 2) The wind effect decreases vibration of the mooring lines when waves and wind coexist. In particular, the springing (2nd or 3rd order force) also decreases in this field. 3) It can be estimated that the reduction in the rate of generation of electrical power can be up to about 6% as a result of the heel angle. In addition, the annual amount of electricity generated was estimated along with the utilization factor based on the experimental results.

  14. Hydraulic plant

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1983-01-01

    The plant described resolves the problem of recovering the energy generated by heat engines under test, acceptance trials or experimental tests by the generation of alternating electrical current for which the alternator is always connected to the supply network even in the absence of mechanical energy produced by said engines under test, there being provided hydraulic pumping dynamometric units which

  15. Mod-5A wind turbine generator program design report. Volume 2: Conceptual and preliminary design, book 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The design, development and analysis of the 7.3 MW MOD-5A wind tunnel generator is documented. There are four volumes. In Volume 2, book 2 the requirements and criteria for the design are presented. The development tests, which determined or characterized many of the materials and components of the wind turbine generator, are described.

  16. MPPT and yawing control of a new horizontal-axis wind turbine with two parallel-connected generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kooksun Lee; Jongwook Im; Ick Choy; Whang Cho; Juhoon Back

    2011-01-01

    Commonly used horizontal-axis wind turbines (HAWT) have the following structure: two or three blades, a nacelle which contains power converting equipments, generators, and a tower which supports the nacelle. The generated power is transmitted from the nacelle to the ground. Due to this structure, the power transmission lines are twisted when the nacelle is yawing. Thus, slip ring or additional

  17. Comparison of the response of doubly fed and fixed-speed induction generator wind turbines to changes in network frequency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Ekanayake; N. Jenkins

    2004-01-01

    Synchronous and fixed-speed induction generators release the kinetic energy of their rotating mass when the power system frequency is reduced. In the case of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind turbines, their control system operates to apply a restraining torque to the rotor according to a predetermined curve with respect to the rotor speed. This control system is not based

  18. Neural Network Based Modeling of a Large Steam Turbine-Generator Rotor Body Parameters from On-Line Disturbance Data

    E-print Network

    Neural Network Based Modeling of a Large Steam Turbine-Generator Rotor Body Parameters from On neural network (ANN) based estimators are later used to model the non-linearities in the estimated identification, large utility generators, rotor body parameters, artificial neural networks. I. INTRODUCTION On

  19. Turbine-Generator Shaft Torques and Fatigue: Part II - Impact of System Distribances and High Speed Reclosure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. D. Dunlop; S. H. Horowitz; A. C. Parikh; M. C. Jackson; S. D. Umans

    1979-01-01

    This paper is the second of two papers concerned with the effects of power system disturbances and operating practices upon turbine-generator shafts. This paper presents the results of various simulations for which the type of disturbance and the resulting generator shaft torsional oscillations are correlated with potential loss of life to the shaft system, using techniques described in the companion

  20. Variable speed generator application on the MOD-5A 7.3 mW wind turbine generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barton, Robert S.

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes the application of a Scherbiustat type variable speed subsystem in the MOD-5A Wind Turbine Generator. As designed by General Electric Company, Advanced Energy Programs Department, under contract DEN3-153 with NASA Lewis Research Center and DOE, the MOD-5A utilizes the subsystem for both starting assistance in a motoring mode and generation in a controlled airgap torque mode. Reactive power control is also provided. The Scherbiustat type arrangement of a wound rotor machine with a cycloconverter in the rotor circuit was selected after an evaluation of variable speed technologies that followed a system evaluation of drivetrain cost and risk. The paper describes the evaluation factors considered, the results of the evaluations and summarizes operating strategy and performance simulations.

  1. ATHOS: a computer program for thermal-hydraulic analysis of steam generators. Volume 3. User's manual. [PWR

    SciTech Connect

    Singhal, A.K.; Keeton, L.W.; Przekwas, A.J.; Weems, J.S.

    1982-10-01

    ATHOS (Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulics of Steam Generators) is a computer code developed by CHAM of North America Incorporated, under the contract RP 1066-1 from the Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California. ATHOS supersedes the earlier code URSULA2. ATHOS is designed for three-dimensional, steady state and transient analyses of PWR steam generators. The current version of the code has been checked out for: three different configurations of the recirculating-type U-tube steam generators; the homogeneous and algebraic-slip flow models; and full and part load operating conditions.

  2. ARE660 Wind Generator: Low Wind Speed Technology for Small Turbine Development

    SciTech Connect

    Robert W. Preus; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

    2008-04-23

    This project is for the design of a wind turbine that can generate most or all of the net energy required for homes and small businesses in moderately windy areas. The purpose is to expand the current market for residential wind generators by providing cost effective power in a lower wind regime than current technology has made available, as well as reduce noise and improve reliability and safety. Robert W. Preus’ experience designing and/or maintaining residential wind generators of many configurations helped identify the need for an improved experience of safety for the consumer. Current small wind products have unreliable or no method of stopping the wind generator in fault or high wind conditions. Consumers and their neighbors do not want to hear their wind generators. In addition, with current technology, only sites with unusually high wind speeds provide payback times that are acceptable for the on-grid user. Abundant Renewable Energy’s (ARE) basic original concept for the ARE660 was a combination of a stall controlled variable speed small wind generator and automatic fail safe furling for shutdown. The stall control for a small wind generator is not novel, but has not been developed for a variable speed application with a permanent magnet alternator (PMA). The fail safe furling approach for shutdown has not been used to our knowledge.

  3. Turbine modeling technique to generate off-design performance data for both single and multistage axial-flow turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Converse, G. L.

    1981-01-01

    This technique is applicable to larger axial flow turbines which may or may not incorporate variable geometry in the first stage stator. A user specified option will also permit the calculation of design point cooling flow levels and the corresponding change in turbine efficiency. The modeling technique was incorporated into a time sharing computer program in order to facilitate its use. Because this report contains a description of the input output data, values of typical inputs, and example cases, it is suitable as a user's manual.

  4. Noise measurements for single and multiple operation of 50 kw wind turbine generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hubbard, H. H.; Shepherd, K. P.

    1982-01-01

    The noise characteristics of the U.S. Windpower Inc., 50 kw wind turbine generator were measured at various distances from 30 m to 1100 m and for a range of output power. The generated noise is affected by the aerodynamic wakes of the tower legs at frequencies below about 120 Hz and the blade trailing edge thickness at frequencies of about 2 kHz. Rope strakes and airfoil fairings on the legs did not result in substantial noise reductions. Sharpening the blade trailing edges near the tip was effective in reducing broad band noise near 2 kHz. For multiple machines the sound fields are superposed. A three-fold increase in number of machines (from 1 to 3) results in a predicted increase in he sound pressure level of about 5 dB. The detection threshold for 14 machines operating in a 13 - 20 mph wind is observed to be at approximately 1160 m in the downwind direction.

  5. Steam Turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    Turbonetics Energy, Inc.'s steam turbines are used as power generating systems in the oil and gas, chemical, pharmaceuticals, metals and mining, and pulp and paper industries. The Turbonetics line benefited from use of NASA research data on radial inflow steam turbines and from company contact with personnel of Lewis Research Center, also use of Lewis-developed computer programs to determine performance characteristics of turbines.

  6. Recover Power with Hydraulic Motors

    E-print Network

    Brennan, J. R.

    1982-01-01

    displacement device, the HPRM torque and speed are almost completely independent - unlike hydraulic power recovery turbines (centrifugal motors). Three screw HPRM's have low moments of inertia, operate at low vibration and noise levels and extract power...

  7. Wind Turbine Generator System Power Performance Test Report for the Gaia-Wind 11-kW Wind Turbine

    SciTech Connect

    Huskey, A.; Bowen, A.; Jager, D.

    2009-12-01

    This test was conducted as part of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Independent Testing project. It is a power performance test that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted on the Gaia-Wind 11-kW small wind turbine.

  8. Mod-5A Wind Turbine Generator Program Design Report. Volume 2: Conceptual and Preliminary Design, Book 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The design, development and analysis of the 7.3 MW MOD-5A wind turbine generator is documented. There are four volumes. In Volume 2, book 1 the requirements and criteria for the design are presented. The conceptual design studies, which defined a baseline configuration and determined the weights, costs and sizes of each subsystem, are described. The development and optimization of the wind turbine generator are presented through the description of the ten intermediate configurations between the conceptual and final designs. Analyses of the system's load and dynamics are presented.

  9. Transient response to three-phase faults on a wind turbine generator. Ph.D. Thesis - Toledo Univ.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gilbert, L. J.

    1978-01-01

    In order to obtain a measure of its responses to short circuits a large horizontal axis wind turbine generator was modeled and its performance was simulated on a digital computer. Simulation of short circuit faults on the synchronous alternator of a wind turbine generator, without resort to the classical assumptions generally made for that analysis, indicates that maximum clearing times for the system tied to an infinite bus are longer than the typical clearing times for equivalent capacity conventional machines. Also, maximum clearing times are independent of tower shadow and wind shear. Variation of circuit conditions produce the modifications in the transient response predicted by analysis.

  10. The Effect of Mounting Vortex Generators on the DTU 10MW Reference Wind Turbine Blade

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Skrzypi?ski, Witold; Gaunaa, Mac; Bak, Christian

    2014-06-01

    The aim of the current work is to analyze possible advantages of mounting Vortex Generators (VG's) on a wind turbine blade. Specifically, the project aims at investigating at which radial sections of the DTU 10 MW Reference Wind Turbine blade it is most beneficial to mount the VG's in order to increase the Annual Energy Production (AEP) under realistic conditions. The present analysis was carried out in several steps: (1) The clean two dimensional airfoil characteristics were first modified to emulate the effect of all possible combinations of VG's (1% high at suction side x/c=0.2-0.25) and two Leading Edge Roughness (LER) values along the whole blade span. (2) The combinations from Step 1, including the clean case were subsequently modified to take into account three dimensional effects. (3) BEM computations were carried out to determine the aerodynamic rotor performance using each of the datasets from Step 2 along the whole blade span for all wind speeds in the turbine control scheme. (4) Employing the assumption of radial independence between sections of the blades, and using the results of the BEM computations described in Step 3, it is possible to determine for each radial position independently whether it is beneficial to install VG's in the smooth and LER cases, respectively. The results indicated that surface roughness that corresponds to degradation of the power curve may to some extent be mitigated by installation of VG's. The present results also indicated that the optimal VG configuration in terms of maximizing AEP depends on the degree of severity of the LER. This is because, depending on the condition of blade surface, installation of VG's on an incorrect blade span or installation of VG's too far out on the blade may cause loss in AEP. The results also indicated that the worse condition of the blade surface, the more gain may be obtained from the installation of VG's.

  11. Tree shoot bending generates hydraulic pressure pulses: a new long-distance signal?

    PubMed Central

    Lopez, Rosana; Badel, Eric

    2014-01-01

    When tree stems are mechanically stimulated, a rapid long-distance signal is induced that slows down primary growth. An investigation was carried out to determine whether the signal might be borne by a mechanically induced pressure pulse in the xylem. Coupling xylem flow meters and pressure sensors with a mechanical testing device, the hydraulic effects of mechanical deformation of tree stem and branches were measured. Organs of several tree species were studied, including gymnosperms and angiosperms with different wood densities and anatomies. Bending had a negligible effect on xylem conductivity, even when deformations were sustained or were larger than would be encountered in nature. It was found that bending caused transient variation in the hydraulic pressure within the xylem of branch segments. This local transient increase in pressure in the xylem was rapidly propagated along the vascular system in planta to the upper and lower regions of the stem. It was shown that this hydraulic pulse originates from the apoplast. Water that was mobilized in the hydraulic pulses came from the saturated porous material of the conduits and their walls, suggesting that the poroelastic behaviour of xylem might be a key factor. Although likely to be a generic mechanical response, quantitative differences in the hydraulic pulse were found in different species, possibly related to differences in xylem anatomy. Importantly the hydraulic pulse was proportional to the strained volume, similar to known thigmomorphogenetic responses. It is hypothesized that the hydraulic pulse may be the signal that rapidly transmits mechanobiological information to leaves, roots, and apices. PMID:24558073

  12. Portable Hydraulic Powerpack

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anderson, L. A.; Henry, R. L.; Fedor, O. H.; Owens, L. J.

    1986-01-01

    Rechargeable hydraulic powerpack functions as lightweight, compact source of mechanical energy. Self-contained hydraulic powerpack derives energy from solid chemical charge. Combustion of charge initiated by small hammer, and revolving feeder replaces charges expended. Combustion gases cool during expansion in turbine and not too hot for release to atmosphere. Unit has applications driving wheelchairs and operating drills, winches, and other equipment in remote areas. Also replaces electric motors and internal-combustion engines as source of power in explosive atmospheres.

  13. Three-dimensional unsteady flow calculations in an advanced gas generator turbine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rangwalla, Akil A.

    1993-01-01

    This paper deals with the application of a three-dimensional, unsteady Navier-Stokes code for predicting the unsteady flow in a single stage of an advanced gas generator turbine. The numerical method solves the three-dimensional thin-layer Navier-Stokes equations, using a system of overlaid grids, which allow for relative motion between the rotor and stator airfoils. Results in the form of time averaged pressures and pressure amplitudes on the airfoil surfaces will be shown. In addition, instantaneous contours of pressure, Mach number, etc. will be presented in order to provide a greater understanding of the inviscid as well as the viscous aspects of the flowfield. Also, relevant secondary flow features such as cross-plane velocity vectors and total pressure contours will be presented. Prior work in two-dimensions has indicated that for the advanced designs, the unsteady interactions can play a significant role in turbine performance. These interactions affect not only the stage efficiency but can substantially alter the time-averaged features of the flow. This work is a natural extension of the work done in two-dimensions and hopes to address some of the issues raised by the two-dimensional calculations. These calculations are being performed as an integral part of an actual design process and demonstrate the value of unsteady rotor-stator interaction calculations in the design of turbomachines.

  14. Modelling and Analysis of Variable Speed Wind Turbines with Induction Generator during Grid

    E-print Network

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    . As a result today's wind turbines participate actively in the power production of several countries around. The penetration of wind energy in the grid raises questions about the compatibility of the wind turbine power purposes or specific detailed models have been developed and are used today. However, since wind turbine

  15. Peach Bottom 2 Turbine Trip Simulation Using TRAC-BF1/COS3D, a Best-Estimate Coupled 3-D Core and Thermal-Hydraulic Code System

    SciTech Connect

    Ui, Atsushi; Miyaji, Takamasa [Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. (Japan)

    2004-10-15

    The best-estimate coupled three-dimensional (3-D) core and thermal-hydraulic code system TRAC-BF1/COS3D has been developed. COS3D, based on a modified one-group neutronic model, is a 3-D core simulator used for licensing analyses and core management of commercial boiling water reactor (BWR) plants in Japan. TRAC-BF1 is a plant simulator based on a two-fluid model. TRAC-BF1/COS3D is a coupled system of both codes, which are connected using a parallel computing tool. This code system was applied to the OECD/NRC BWR Turbine Trip Benchmark. Since the two-group cross-section tables are provided by the benchmark team, COS3D was modified to apply to this specification. Three best-estimate scenarios and four hypothetical scenarios were calculated using this code system. In the best-estimate scenario, the predicted core power with TRAC-BF1/COS3D is slightly underestimated compared with the measured data. The reason seems to be a slight difference in the core boundary conditions, that is, pressure changes and the core inlet flow distribution, because the peak in this analysis is sensitive to them. However, the results of this benchmark analysis show that TRAC-BF1/COS3D gives good precision for the prediction of the actual BWR transient behavior on the whole. Furthermore, the results with the modified one-group model and the two-group model were compared to verify the application of the modified one-group model to this benchmark. This comparison shows that the results of the modified one-group model are appropriate and sufficiently precise.

  16. The Use of a Code-generating System for the Derivation of the Equations for Wind Turbine Dynamics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ganander, Hans

    2003-10-01

    For many reasons the size of wind turbines on the rapidly growing wind energy market is increasing. Relations between aeroelastic properties of these new large turbines change. Modifications of turbine designs and control concepts are also influenced by growing size. All these trends require development of computer codes for design and certification. Moreover, there is a strong desire for design optimization procedures, which require fast codes. General codes, e.g. finite element codes, normally allow such modifications and improvements of existing wind turbine models. This is done relatively easy. However, the calculation times of such codes are unfavourably long, certainly for optimization use. The use of an automatic code generating system is an alternative for relevance of the two key issues, the code and the design optimization. This technique can be used for rapid generation of codes of particular wind turbine simulation models. These ideas have been followed in the development of new versions of the wind turbine simulation code VIDYN. The equations of the simulation model were derived according to the Lagrange equation and using Mathematica®, which was directed to output the results in Fortran code format. In this way the simulation code is automatically adapted to an actual turbine model, in terms of subroutines containing the equations of motion, definitions of parameters and degrees of freedom. Since the start in 1997, these methods, constituting a systematic way of working, have been used to develop specific efficient calculation codes. The experience with this technique has been very encouraging, inspiring the continued development of new versions of the simulation code as the need has arisen, and the interest for design optimization is growing.

  17. Experience and assessment of the DOE-NASA Mod-1 2000-Kilowatt wind turbine generator at Boone, North Carolina

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, J. L.; Shaltenc, R. K.; Poor, R. H.; Barton, R. S.

    1982-01-01

    The Mod 1 program objectives are defined. The Mod 1 wind turbine is described. In addition to the steel blade operated on the wind turbine, a composite blade was designed and manufactured. During the early phase of the manufacturing cycle of Mod 1A configuration was designed that identified concepts such as partial span control, a soft tower, and upwind teetered rotors that were incorporated in second and third generation industry designs. The Mod 1 electrical system performed as designed, with voltage flicker characteristics within acceptable utility limits. Power output versus wind speed equaled or exceeded design predictions. The wind turbine control system was operated successfully at the site and remotely from the utility dispatcher's office. During wind turbine operations, television interference was experienced by the local residents. As a consequence, operations were restricted. Although not implemented, two potential solutions were identified. In addition to television interference, a few local residents complained bout objectionable sound, particularly the 'thump' as the blade passed behind the tower. To eliminate objections, the sound generation level was reduced by 10 dB by reducing the rotor speed from 35 rpm to 23 rpm. Bolts in the drive train fractured. A solution was identified but not implemented. The public reaction toward the Mod 1 wind turbine program was overwhelmingly favorable.

  18. Development of a High-Pressure/High-Temperature Downhole Turbine Generator

    SciTech Connect

    Timothy F. Price

    2007-02-01

    The objective of this project as originally outlined has been to achieve a viable downhole direct current (DC) power source for extreme high pressure, high temperature (HPHT) environments of >25,000 psi and >250 C. The Phase I investigation posed and answered specific questions about the power requirements, mode of delivery and form factor the industry would like to see for downhole turbine generator tool for the HPHT environment, and noted specific components, materials and design features of that commercial system that will require upgrading to meet the HPHT project goals. During the course of Phase I investigation the scope of the project was HPHT downhole DC power. Phase I also investigated the viability of modifying a commercial expanded, without additional cost expected to the project, to include the addition of HT batteries to the power supply platform.

  19. Dynamic modeling of GE 1.5 and 3.6 MW wind turbine-generators for stability simulations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. W. Miller; J. J. Sanchez-Gasca; W. W. Price; R. W. Delmerico

    2003-01-01

    GE power systems has an ongoing effort dedicated to development of models of GE wind turbine generators (WTG) suitable for use in system impact studies. This paper documents the present recommendations for dynamic modeling of the GE 1.5 and 3.6 MW WTG for use in system impact studies. The paper includes recommended model structure and data, as well the assumptions,

  20. Control of a doubly fed induction generator in a wind turbine during grid fault ride-through

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dawei Xiang; Li Ran; P. J. Tavner; S. Yang

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyzes the ability of a doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) in a wind turbine to ride through a grid fault and the limitations to its performance. The fundamental difficulty for the DFIG in ride-through is the electromotive force (EMF) induced in the machine rotor during the fault, which depends on the dc and negative sequence components in the

  1. Effect of clearing short circuits and automatic reclosing on torsional stress and life expenditure of turbine-generator shafts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Abolins; D. Lambrecht; J. S. Joyce; L. T. Rosenberg

    1976-01-01

    Recent concern over abnormal stresses imposed on the shafts of large turbine-generators, due to high speed switching of network faults, has led to intensive investigation of this phenomenon. Elaborate computer programs were developed for simulated model studies which revealed that hitherto unexpectedly high shaft stresses can occur merely by tripping a three-phase short circuit near the power station at an

  2. Revenue Maximization of Electricity Generation for a Wind Turbine Integrated with a Compressed Air Energy Storage System

    E-print Network

    Li, Perry Y.

    controller is developed for a Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) system integrated with a wind turbine storage vessel. The storage vessel contains both liquid and compressed air at the same pressure. Energy significant reduction in generation costs. Among all different types of energy storage approaches, compressed

  3. MOD-5A wind turbine generator program design report: Volume 1: Executive Summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The design, development and analysis of the 7.3 MW MOD-5A wind turbine generator covering work performed between July 1980 and June 1984 is discussed. The report is divided into four volumes: Volume 1 summarizes the entire MOD-5A program, Volume 2 discusses the conceptual and preliminary design phases, Volume 3 describes the final design of the MOD-5A, and Volume 4 contains the drawings and specifications developed for the final design. Volume 1, the Executive Summary, summarizes all phases of the MOD-5A program. The performance and cost of energy generated by the MOD-5A are presented. Each subsystem - the rotor, drivetrain, nacelle, tower and foundation, power generation, and control and instrumentation subsystems - is described briefly. The early phases of the MOD-5A program, during which the design was analyzed and optimized, and new technologies and materials were developed, are discussed. Manufacturing, quality assurance, and safety plans are presented. The volume concludes with an index of volumes 2 and 3.

  4. INTRODUCTION TO CAVITATION IN HYDRAULIC MACHINERY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WC U

    Design, operation and refurbishment of hydraulic turbines, pumps or pump-turbine are strongly related to cavitation flow phenomena, which may occur in either the rotating runner-impeller or the stationary parts of the machine. The paper presents the cavitation phenomena featured by fluid machinery including type of cavity development related to the specific speed of machines in both pump and turbine mode,

  5. Economic scales for first-generation biomass-gasifier\\/gas turbine combined cycles fueled from energy plantations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. D. Larson; C. I. Marrison

    1997-01-01

    This paper assesses the scales at which commercial, first-generation biomass integrated-gasifier\\/gas turbine combined cycle (BIG\\/GTCC) technology is likely to be most economic when fueled by plantation-derived biomass. First-generation BIG\\/GTCC systems are likely to be commercially offered by vendors beginning around 2000 and will be based on either pressurized or atmospheric-pressure gasification. Both plant configurations are considered here, with estimates of

  6. GETRAN: A generic, modularly structured computer code for simulation of dynamic behavior of aero- and power generation gas turbine engines

    SciTech Connect

    Schobeiri, M.T.; Attia, M.; Lippke, C. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering)

    1994-07-01

    The design concept, the theoretical background essential for the development of the modularly structured simulation code GETRAN, and several critical simulation cases are presented in this paper. The code being developed under contract with NASA Lewis Research Center is capable of simulating the nonlinear dynamic behavior of single- and multispool core engines, turbofan engines, and power generation gas turbine engines under adverse dynamic operating conditions. The modules implemented into GETRAN correspond to components of existing and new-generation aero- and stationary gas turbine engines with arbitrary configuration and arrangement. For precise simulation of turbine and compressor components, row-by-row diabatic and adiabatic calculation procedures are implemented that account for the specific turbine and compressor cascade, blade geometry, and characteristics. The nonlinear, dynamic behavior of the subject engine is calculated solving a number of systems of partial differential equations, which describe the unsteady behavior of each component individually. To identify each differential equation system unambiguously, special attention is paid to the addressing of each component. The code is capable of executing the simulation procedure at four levels, which increase with the degree of complexity of the system and dynamic event. As representative simulations, four different transient cases with single- and multispool thrust and power generation engines were simulated. These transient cases vary from throttling the exit nozzle area, operation with fuel schedule, rotor speed control, to rotating stall and surge.

  7. Candidate wind-turbine-generator site summarized meteorological data for December 1976-December 1981. [Program WIND listed

    SciTech Connect

    Sandusky, W.F.; Renne, D.S.; Hadley, D.L.

    1982-09-01

    Summarized hourly meteorological data for 16 of the original 17 candidate and wind turbine generator sites collected during the period from December 1976 through December 1981 are presented. The data collection program at some individual sites may not span this entire period, but will be contained within the reporting period. The purpose of providing the summarized data is to document the data collection program and provide data that could be considered representative of long-term meteorological conditions at each site. For each site, data are given in eight tables and a topographic map showing the location of the meteorological tower and turbine, if applicable. Use of information from these tables, along with information about specific wind turbines, should allow the user to estimate the potential for long-term average wind energy production at each site.

  8. Start-up and Self-sustain Test of 500 W Ultra-Micro Gas Turbine Generator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seo, Jeong Min; Park, Jun Young; Seog Choi, Bum

    2013-12-01

    This paper provides the performance test for start-up and self-sustaining of 500W ultra-micro gas turbine (UMGT) generator. Each component of UMGT, a centrifugal compressor, a radial turbine, an annular combustor and a shaft is already designed, manufactured and tested to meet design requirements in previous researches. However, they are not tested to work in an integrate system. Currently, integrated test unit with a compressor, a combustor and a turbine, is developed to find the proper condition of start-up and self-sustain. Ignition sequence depending on rotating speed is designed. Performance test for start-up and self-sustain is designed based on the ignition possible condition. An air impingement starter and a hot bulb inginer are applied. LPG is used as main fuel.

  9. ATHOS3: a computer program for thermal-hydraulic analysis of steam generators. Volume 2. Programmer's manual

    SciTech Connect

    Keeton, L.W.; Singhal, A.K.

    1986-07-01

    This is the programmer's manual for the ATHOS3 code. ATHOS3 is a computer code for three-dimensional, steady-state and transient analyses of PWR steam generators. It has been developed by upgrading an earlier code, ATHOS (Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulics of Steam Generators). The ATHOS3 code is designed for three-dimensional, steady-state and transient analyses of PWR steam generators. ATHOS3 has several additional capabilities, including a much improved and generalized geometry pre-processor module, and has been developed in a fully upwards-compatible manner from the predecessor ATHOS code. For the convenience of new users, the ATHOS3 code is documented in four self-contained volumes, i.e. no reference to the earlier ATHOS volumes is necessary. Furthermore, for the benefit of old (i.e. ATHOS code) users, it may be stated that the new (ATHOS3) documentation has been produced by updating and modifying the earlier documentation.

  10. Detection of low frequency impulsive noise from large wind turbine generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shepherd, K. P.

    1985-01-01

    The thresholds of detection of low frequency, impulsive wind turbine sounds in the presence of background noise were examined. Seven wind turbine sounds, six of which were synthesized, were used in conjunction with three background noise conditions; quiet, 35, and 45 dB(A). The results indicate that thresholds of detection are predictable based on assumed characteristics of the auditory system. The synthesized wind turbine sounds were found to adequately represent a real recording.

  11. Mod-5A wind turbine generator program design report. Volume 3: Final design and system description, book 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The design, development and analysis of the 7.3MW MOD-5A wind turbine generator is documented. The report is divided into four volumes: Volume 1 summarizes the entire MOD-5A program, Volume 2 discusses the conceptual and preliminary design phases, Volume 3 describes the final design of the MOD-5A, and Volume 4 contains the drawings and specifications developed for the final design. Volume 3, book 2 describes the performance and characteristics of the MOD-5A wind turbine generator in its final configuration. The subsystem for power generation, control, and instrumentation subsystems is described in detail. The manufacturing and construction plans, and the preparation of a potential site on Oahu, Hawaii, are documented. The quality assurance and safety plan, and analyses of failure modes and effects, and reliability, availability and maintainability are presented.

  12. Heat Transfer Measurements and Predictions on a Power Generation Gas Turbine Blade

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Giel, Paul W.; Bunker, Ronald S.; VanFossen, G. James; Boyle, Robert J.

    2000-01-01

    Detailed heat transfer measurements and predictions are given for a power generation turbine rotor with 129 deg of nominal turning and an axial chord of 137 mm. Data were obtained for a set of four exit Reynolds numbers comprised of the design point of 628,000, -20%, +20%, and +40%. Three ideal exit pressure ratios were examined including the design point of 1.378, -10%, and +10%. Inlet incidence angles of 0 deg and +/-2 deg were also examined. Measurements were made in a linear cascade with highly three-dimensional blade passage flows that resulted from the high flow turning and thick inlet boundary layers. Inlet turbulence was generated with a blown square bar grid. The purpose of the work is the extension of three-dimensional predictive modeling capability for airfoil external heat transfer to engine specific conditions including blade shape, Reynolds numbers, and Mach numbers. Data were obtained by a steady-state technique using a thin-foil heater wrapped around a low thermal conductivity blade. Surface temperatures were measured using calibrated liquid crystals. The results show the effects of strong secondary vortical flows, laminar-to-turbulent transition, and also show good detail in the stagnation region.

  13. Elevated Temperature Materials for Power Generation and Propulsion The energy industry is designing higher-efficiency land-based turbines for natural gas-fired

    E-print Network

    Li, Mo

    higher-efficiency land-based turbines for natural gas-fired power generation systems. The high inlet is significant for modeling cyclic deformation in directionally solidified and single crystal turbine blades are conducted in the MPRL to simulate fretting contacts, as shown at right (group of R.W. Neu). The results

  14. Flow Analysis of Straight Wing Vertical Axis Type Wind Turbine for Power Generation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horiuchi, Kenji; Seki, Kazuichi

    Researches about the aerodynamics of wind turbine with straight wing vertical axis(SW-VAWT)are very limited, in spite of a number of advantages such as low dependence on wind direction variation and easy constructible straight blades. For these reasons, we are researching the lift type SW-VAWT for many years. The elucidation of the behavior of the flow inside and neighborhood of the wind turbine during the rotation is very important because of the performance improvement of the vertical axis wind turbine. This research examined to the aerofoil characters by using the numerical simulation technique and the precision of the prediction technique was confirmed as this result. Furthermore, we estimated flow behavior during the wind turbine rotation by using this numerical simulation technique, and evaluated the flow around the wind turbine. This paper presents outline and results of these calculations and evaluations.

  15. PIV and Hotwire Measurement and Analysis of Tip Vortices and Turbulent Wake Generated by a Model Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, D.; Tan, Y. M.; Chamorro, L. P.; Arndt, R.; Sotiropoulos, F.; Sheng, J.

    2011-12-01

    Understanding vortical flow structures and turbulence in the wake flow behind a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT) has widespread applications in efficient blade design. Moreover, the knowledge of wake-turbine interactions allows us to devise optimal operational parameters, such as the spatial allocation and control algorithms of wind turbines, for a densely populated wind farm. To understand the influence of tip vortices on energy containing mean flow and turbulence, characteristics of vortical structures and turbulence must be quantified thoroughly. In this study, we conduct phase-locked Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements of the flow before and after a model HAWT, which is located in a zero-pressure gradient wind tunnel with a cross section of 1.7 × 1.7 m and a test section of 16 m in length. A three-blade model HAWT with a diameter of 605 mm and tip-speed ratio of 5 is used. PIV images are recorded by a 2048 × 2048 CCD camera and streamed at 6 Hz continuously; and phased locked with the passage of the blade at its vertical position. Each PIV measurement covers a 0.13 × 0.13 m2 sample area with the spatial resolution of 63 ?m and a vector spacing of 0.5 mm. All experiments are conducted at the free-stream wind speed of 10 m/s. Flow fields at thirty consecutive downstream locations up to six rotor diameters and 144 mid chord lengths are measured. At each location, we obtain at least 10,000 instantaneous PIV realizations or 20,000 images. Three different configurations: single, dual, and trio turbines located at 5 rotor diameter upstream to each other, are examined experimentally. The flow statistics include mean wake velocity distributions, characteristics of tip vortices evolving downstream, fluctuation velocity, turbulent kinetic energy, stresses, and energy spectra. We find that tip vortices decay much faster in the wake of the upstream turbines (multiple-turbine configurations), whereas they maintain the coherence and strength behind a single turbine. The tip vortices entrain the high speed free-stream fluids and subsequently replenish the loss of momentum into the wake. Such a mechanism is greatly mitigated in the multiple-turbine scenarios. On-going analysis is to elucidate the generation, evolution and dissipation of the tip vortices in the various configurations.

  16. Response measurements for two building structures excited by noise from a large horizontal axis wind turbine generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hubbard, H. H.; Shepherd, K. P.

    1984-01-01

    Window and wall acceleration measurements and interior noise measurements ere made for two different building structures during excitation by noise from the WTS-4 horizontal axis wind turbine generator operating in a normal power generation mode. With turbine noise input pulses resulted in acceleration pulses for the wall and window elements of the two tests buildings. Response spectra suggest that natural vibration modes of the structures are excited. Responses of a house trailer were substantially greater than those for a building of sturdier construction. Peak acceleration values correlate well with similar data for houses excited by flyover noise from commercial and military airplanes and helicopters, and sonic booms from supersonic aircraft. Interior noise spectra have peaks at frequencies corresponding to structural vibration modes and room standing waves; and the levels for particular frequencies and locations can be higher than the outside levels.

  17. Wind turbine/generator set having a stator cooling system located between stator frame and active coils

    DOEpatents

    Bevington, Christopher M.; Bywaters, Garrett L.; Coleman, Clint C.; Costin, Daniel P.; Danforth, William L.; Lynch, Jonathan A.; Rolland, Robert H.

    2012-11-13

    A wind turbine comprising an electrical generator that includes a rotor assembly. A wind rotor that includes a wind rotor hub is directly coupled to the rotor assembly via a simplified connection. The wind rotor and generator rotor assembly are rotatably mounted on a central spindle via a bearing assembly. The wind rotor hub includes an opening having a diameter larger than the outside diameter of the central spindle adjacent the bearing assembly so as to allow access to the bearing assembly from a cavity inside the wind rotor hub. The spindle is attached to a turret supported by a tower. Each of the spindle, turret and tower has an interior cavity that permits personnel to traverse therethrough to the cavity of the wind rotor hub. The wind turbine further includes a frictional braking system for slowing, stopping or keeping stopped the rotation of the wind rotor and rotor assembly.

  18. Conceptual design of a fixed-pitch wind turbine generator system rated at 400 kilowatts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pintz, A.; Kasuba, R.; Spring, J.

    1984-01-01

    The design and cost aspects of a fixed pitch, 400 kW Wind Turbine Generator (WTG) concept are presented. Improvements in reliability and cost reductions were achieved with fixed pitch operation and by incorporating recent advances in WTG technology. The specifications for this WTG concept were as follows: (1) A fixed pitch, continuous wooden rotor was to be provided by the Gougeon Bros. Co. (2) An 8 leg hyperboloid tower that showed promise as a low cost structure was to be used. (3) Only commercially available components and parts that could be easily fabricated were to be considered. (4) Design features deemed desirable based on recent NASA research efforts were to be incorporated. Detailed costs and weight estimates were prepared for the second machine and a wind farm of 12 WTG's. The calculated cost of energy for the fixed pitch, twelve unit windfarm is 11.5 cents/kW hr not including the cost of land and access roads. The study shows feasibility of fixed pitch, intermediate power WTG operation.

  19. Gas–liquid flow generated by a Rushton turbine in stirred vessel: CARPT\\/CT measurements and CFD simulations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. R. Khopkar; A. R. Rammohan; V. V. Ranade; M. P. Dudukovic

    2005-01-01

    In this work, computer-automated radioactive particle tracking (CARPT), computed tomography (CT) and computational fluid dynamic (CFD) based models were used to investigate gas–liquid flow generated by a Rushton turbine. CARPT and CT measurements were carried out in a gas–liquid stirred vessel operating in two different flow regimes and captured the quantitative Eulerian information of gas–liquid flow. The CARPT data was

  20. Design and finite-element analysis of an outer-rotor permanent-magnet generator for directly coupled wind turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianyi Chen; Chemmangot V. Nayar; Longya Xu

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents the design and finite-element analysis of a permanent-magnet generator using neodymium-iron-boron magnets for directly coupled wind turbines. For the sake of small size and light weight with extra low speed for direct coupling, the outer rotor structure is used. The simple magnetic equivalent circuit approach is used for initial design iteration, and the finite-element method is applied

  1. Detailed design of a 30kW switched reluctance starter\\/generator system for a gas turbine engine application

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caio A. Ferreira; Stephen R. Jones; William S. Heglund; William D. Jones

    1995-01-01

    A new switched reluctance starter\\/generator (SR S\\/G) system has been developed for an aircraft engine application. The system is rated at 30 kW, 270 Vdc, 52 k r\\/min maximum operating speed. The system also provides 17 hp to start the 1400-hp engine. The system consists of an SR machine directly coupled to the gas turbine engine, an inverter converter unit

  2. Evaluation of proposed ASME Performance Test Code 36 for sound power level determination of large steam turbine-generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. E. Grabkowski; J. MacDonald; T. E. VanSchaick

    1976-01-01

    The ''two-surface'' correction technique, as it is outlined in ASME Performance Test Code No. 36, is utilized in the determination of large steam turbine-generator sound power level (PWL). Test data obtained from using this method and other PWL calculation methods are presented. The two-surface method did not yield consistent results in the indoor environments encountered and had only limited application

  3. Measurement of torque in steam turbine-generator shafts following severe disturbances on the electrical supply system; Analysis and implementation

    SciTech Connect

    Hammons, T.J. (Dept. of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Glasgow Univ., Glasgow G12 8QQ (GB)); Chanal, L. (Ecole Nationale Superieure d'Ingenieurs Electriciens de Grenoble (FR))

    1991-03-01

    The paper reviews phenomena that affects performance of transducers that measure torque at positions along a turbine-generator shaft, and then describes the design of a transducer for precise measurement of torque at positions on a steam turbine-generator shaft that results from severe disturbances on the electrical supply system. Torque at shaft couplings following severe supply system events predicted using continuum models of turbine-generator shafts is analyzed and compared with that obtained over a section of the shaft by shaft twist and overall stiffness of the section. Algorithms for processing torque deduced from twist over a section of shaft to estimate true torque at specific shaft locations are discussed. Studies are performed to severe L-L-L short circuits with clearance. The paper describes the design of a transient shaft torque transducer which uses discs, with slits, which are secured to the rotating shaft. The time interval between pulses obtained when slits pass transducers are measured and compared with the time intervals which correspond to zero torque so as to calibrate the measurements.

  4. Using the Biphase Turbine to Generate Useful Energy from Process Streams

    E-print Network

    Helgeson, N. L.; Studhalter, W. R.

    1981-01-01

    simple device for effectively converting enthalpy changes in a two-phase (liquid and gas) working fluid into mecha nical energy. The turbine is comprised of three main components. These are a two-phase nozzle, a rotary separator, and a turbine... separator-turbine can best be understood by consid ering its.three major components: the two-phase nozzle, the rotary separator, and the liquid-turGine element. The description given below is based o~ a saturated water stream which flashes to steam an4...

  5. Potential benefits of a ceramic thermal barrier coating on large power generation gas turbine

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Clark, J. S.; Nainiger, J. J.

    1977-01-01

    Thermal barrier coating design option offers benefit in terms of reduced electricity costs when used in utility gas turbines. Options considered include: increased firing temperature, increased component life, reduced cooling air requirements, and increased corrosion resistance (resulting in increased tolerance for dirty fuels). Performance and cost data were obtained. Simple, recuperated and combined cycle applications were considered, and distillate and residual fuels were assumed. The results indicate that thermal barrier coatings could produce large electricity cost savings if these coatings permit turbine operation with residual fuels at distillate-rated firing temperatures. The results also show that increased turbine inlet temperature can result in substantial savings in fuel and capital costs.

  6. Monitoring environmental and related performance parameters for a Rankine-cycle turbine electric generator utilizing geothermal energy at the Gila Hot Springs, New Mexico. Final technical report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. H. Starkey; L. Icerman

    1984-01-01

    This project was undertaken to provide data to state and federal regulatory groups on the environmental effects, if any, associated with the operation of a privately-owned Rankine-cycle turbine-generator unit using low-temperature geothermal resources in the form of free-flowing hot springs to produce electricity in a remote, rural area. Because the turbine-generator system to be monitored was never on-line for a

  7. Impact of unsteady secondary air flow interaction with main flow on loss generation in axial turbines

    E-print Network

    Clifton, David (David Madison)

    2014-01-01

    Secondary air, often called purge air, is injected through the endwall gap between stationary vanes and rotating rotors in axial turbines to prevent ingestion of the hot working gas into the endwall cavities. Three-dimensional ...

  8. Large wind turbines: A utility option for the generation of electricity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robbins, W. H.; Thomas, R. L.; Baldwin, D. H.

    1980-01-01

    The economic and technical potential of wind energy in the United States is discussed. Particular attention is given to the status of wind turbine operational experience as well as the environmental posture of the technology.

  9. Physical modeling of wind turbine generators in a small scale analog system

    E-print Network

    Wang, Xuntuo

    2014-01-01

    This project represents the physical modeling and experimental test of a Doubly-fed Induction Machine (DFIM), in order to substantially analyze the characteristic behaviors of wind turbines and its use in the micro-grid ...

  10. On adapting a small PM wind generator for a multi-blade, high solidity wind turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. A. Khan; P. Pillay; K. D. Visser

    2005-01-01

    Summary form only given. This paper explores the design space that exists between multi-blade, high-solidity water-pumping turbines and modern high-speed 2 and 3-bladed horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs). In particular, it compares the features and performance of a small 12-bladed, high solidity HAWT to that of a modern 3-bladed HAWT. It also outlines a procedure for adapting a small PM

  11. Measurements of wake-generated unsteadiness in the rotor passages of axial flow turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. P. Hodson

    1984-01-01

    This paper describes an investigation into the free-stream unsteadiness which is found in the rotor passages of axial flow turbines and which is caused by the interaction of the stator wakes with the rotor blades. The major part of this investigation was conducted at the midspan of the rotor of a large-scale, single-stage air turbine. Measurements are presented of the

  12. Evaluation of advanced hydraulic turbomachinery for underground pumped hydroelectric storage. Part 2. Two-stage regulated pump\\/turbines for operating heads of 1000 to 1500 m

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. A. Blomquist; A. A. Frigo; J. R. Degnan

    1979-01-01

    This UPHS report applies to Francis-type, reversible pump\\/turbines regulated with gating systems. The first report, however, covered single-stage regulations; this report covers two-stage regulations. Development of a two-stage regulated pump\\/turbine appears to be attractive because the proposed single-drop UPHS concept requires turbomachinery with a head range of 1000 to 2000 m. With turbomachinery of this range available, the single-drop scheme

  13. Design of a control scheme for a maximum power extraction in low power wind turbine-generator system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Henao Bravo, Elkin Edilberto

    This document presents the modeling of a wind turbine-generator system and developing a control scheme for maximum power extraction. The system comprises a low-power variable speed wind rotor coupled to a squirrel cage induction generator through gearbox. The generator delivers electrical energy to a DC load through a PWM three phase rectifier which control variables are duty cycle and the fundamental frequency of the modulated signal. The control scheme maintains constant relationship voltage/frequency in the stator of the generator to operate the machine with constant air gap flow at its nominal value, thereby decreasing electrical losses in the circuit of the stator and rotor. The controller is based on MPPT algorithms for determining the operating point the system and achieve the proper mechanical speed shaft. The performance is evaluated through simulations in MatlabRTM/simulink. and presents this type of control as a good alternative for handling low-power wind turbine-generator systems effectively and efficiently

  14. Comparison of turbine-generator shaft torsional response predicted by frequency domain and time domain methods following worst-case supply system events

    SciTech Connect

    Hammons, T.J.; McGill, J.F. (Glasgow Univ., Scotland (United Kingdom))

    1993-09-01

    The paper examines precision of predicting time response for torque in turbine-generator-exciter shafts by frequency-domain analysis following incidence and clearance of short-circuits, etc. on the electrical supply system. The analysis is based on Fourier analysis of generator air gap torque following incidence and clearance of a supply network disturbance or following worst-case mal-synchronization to obtain torque excitation which acts on the generator rotor corresponding to each modal vibration. Amplitude and phase of each vibration is thereby determined. Using appropriate damping, time responses for shaft torque at each shaft cell is constructed by summing components which correspond to each frequency of modal vibration of the shaft. These time responses are compared with those obtained by solution of more than 50 differential equations which simulate the shaft train, turbine, generator, exciter, electrical supply system, the fault clearing process, the turbine governor, and the generator excitation system. It is shown that time responses for transient turbine-generator-excitor shaft torques can be predicted faithfully by frequency domain analysis taking due account of magnitude and phase of each modal vibration, and damping, following (1) worst-case Line-Line-Line, Line-Line, and Line-Ground disturbances from full-load to no-load, with clearance, and (2) mal-synchronization. Rotor swing has a significant influence on transient turbine shaft torque at shaft locations in proximity to the generator, but the effect decreases almost in direct proportion to turbine inertia which is accelerated by rotor swing. Simulation of damping of rotor swing is important in making precise assessments of transient turbine shaft torque at shaft locations which are close to the generator. Predominance of a particular modal vibration at different shaft locations is dependent on the fault clearing time, and varies cyclically as the fault clearing time is raised.

  15. Hydraulic wind energy conversion system

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-07-01

    The purpose of this research was to design, build and test a hydraulic wind energy system. This design used a three bladed turbine, which drove a hydraulic pump. The energy is transmitted from the pump through a long hose and into a hydraulic motor, where the energy is used. This wind system was built and tested during the winter of 1980-1981. The power train included a five meter, three bladed wind turbine, a 9.8:1 ratio gearbox, a 1.44 cubic inch displacement pump with a small supercharge gear pump attached. The hydraulic fluid was pumped through a 70', 3/4'' I-D-high pressure flexhose, then through a volume control valve and into a 1.44 cubic inch displacement motor. The fluid was returned through a 70', 1'' I-D-flexhose.

  16. Control system design for the MOD-5A 7.3 mW wind turbine generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barton, Robert S.; Hosp, Theodore J.; Schanzenbach, George P.

    1995-01-01

    This paper provides descriptions of the requirements analysis, hardware development and software development phases of the Control System design for the MOD-5A 7.3 mW Wind Turbine Generator. The system, designed by General Electric Company, Advanced Energy Programs Department, under contract DEN 3-153 with NASA Lewis Research Center and DOE, provides real time regulation of rotor speed by control of both generator torque and rotor torque. A variable speed generator system is used to provide both airgap torque control and reactive power control. The wind rotor is designed with segmented ailerons which are positioned to control blade torque. The central component of the control system, selected early in the design process, is a programmable controller used for sequencing, alarm monitoring, communication, and real time control. Development of requirements for use of aileron controlled blades and a variable speed generator required an analytical simulation that combined drivetrain, tower and blade elastic modes with wind disturbances and control behavior. An orderly two phase plan was used for controller software development. A microcomputer based turbine simulator was used to facilitate hardware and software integration and test.

  17. Thermal-hydraulic response and iodine transport during a steam generator tube rupture

    SciTech Connect

    Callow, R.A.

    1988-10-01

    Recent reanalyses of the offsite dose consequences following a steam generator tube rupture have identified a possible non-conservatism in original FSAR analyses. Post-trip uncovery of the top of the steam generator U-tubes, in conjunction with a break near the U-tube top, could lead to increased iodine release due to a reduced ''scrubbing'' of the iodine in the primary break fluid by the steam generator secondary liquid. To evaluate this issue, analyses were performed at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. The RELAP5 computer code was used to conduct an analysis of the Surry plant to determine whether the post-trip steam generator secondary mixture level was sufficient to maintain continuous coverage of the U-tubes. The results indicated continuous coverage of the U-tubes. The RELAP5 result was supported by a hand calculation. Additional RELAP5 analyses were conducted to determine magnitudes of iodine release for a steam generator tube rupture. Two sensitivity studies were conducted. The amount of iodine released to the atmosphere was strongly dependent on the assumed value of the partition coefficient. The assumption of steam generator U-tube uncovery, on a collapsed liquid level basis, following reactor trip had a minor effect on the amount of released iodine. 17 refs., 28 figs., 5 tabs.

  18. ATHOS3 code analysis of tube plugging effects on the thermal-hydraulic characteristics of a once-through steam generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. W. Keeton; A. K. Singhal; A. Irani

    1987-01-01

    The effects of tube plugging on local and global thermal-hydraulic parameters are analyzed for a full-scale once-through steam generator (Three-Mile Island Unit 1A). A three-dimensional analysis has been performed, by considering all pertinent geometric details, including the presence of an open tube-free lane in the generator. Three test cases have been analyzed by using the ATHOS3 computer code. First, a

  19. ATHOS3: a computer program for thermal-hydraulic analysis of steam generators. Volume 3. User's manual

    SciTech Connect

    Keeton, L.W.; Singhal, A.K.

    1986-07-01

    This is the user's manual for the ATHOS3 computer code. ATHOS3 is a computer code for three-dimensional, steady-state and transient analyses of PWR steam generators. It has been developed by upgrading an earlier code, ATHOS (Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulics of Steam Generators). Both ATHOS and ATHOS3 have been developed by CHAM of North America, Inc., under the contract RP1066-1 from the Electric Power Research Institute. ATHOS3 supercedes ATHOS and all other intermediate versions of the code. ATHOS3 has several additional capabilities, including a much improved and generalized geometry pre-processor module, and has been developed in a fully upwards-compatible manner from the predecessor ATHOS code. For the convenience of new users, the ATHOS3 code is documented in four self-contained volumes, i.e., no reference to the earlier ATHOS volumes is necessary. Furthermore, for the benefit of old (i.e., ATHOS code) users, it may be stated that the new (ATHOS3) documentation has been produced by updating and modifying the earlier documentation.

  20. Shaken, not stirred: The recipe for a fish-friendly turbine

    SciTech Connect

    Cada, G.F.

    1997-03-01

    It is generally agreed that injuries and mortalities among turbine-passed fish can result from several mechanisms, including rapid and extreme water pressure changes, cavitation, shear, turbulence, and mechanical injuries (strike and grinding). Advances in the instrumentation available for monitoring hydraulic conditions and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques now make it possible both to estimate accurately the levels of these potential injury mechanisms in operating turbines and to predict the levels in new turbine designs. This knowledge can be used to {open_quotes}design-out{close_quotes} the most significant injury mechanisms in the next generation of turbines. However, further improvements in turbine design are limited by a poor understanding of the levels of mechanical and hydraulic stresses that can be tolerated by turbine-passed fish. The turbine designers need numbers (biological criteria) that define a safety zone for fish within which pressures, shear forces, cavitation, and chance of mechanical strike are all at acceptable levels for survival. This paper presents the results of a literature review of fish responses to the types of biological stresses associated with turbine passage, as studied separately under controlled conditions in the laboratory rather than in combination at field sites. Some of the controlled laboratory and field studies reviewed here were bioassays carried out for reasons unrelated to hydropower production. Analysis of this literature was used to develop provisional biological criteria for hydroelectric turbine designers. These biological criteria have been utilized in the U.S. Department of Energy`s Advanced Hydropower Turbine System (AHTS) Program to evaluate the results of conceptual engineering designs and the potential value of future turbine models and prototypes.

  1. EXPERIMENTAL RESIDUAL STRESS EVALUATION OF HYDRAULIC EXPANSION TRANSITIONS IN ALLOY 690 STEAM GENERATOR TUBING

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rod McGregor; Doug Hornbach; Usama Abdelsalam; Paul Doherty

    Nuclear Steam Generator (SG) service reliability and longevity have been seriously affected worldwide by corrosion at the tube-to-tubesheet joint expansion. Current SG designs for new facilities and replacement projects enhance corrosion resistance through the use of advanced tubing materials and improved joint design and fabrication techniques. Alloy 690TT tubing has demonstrated outstanding laboratory performance in accelerated primary water chemistries. Resistance

  2. Hybrid Electro-Mechanical Simulation Tool for Wind Turbine Generators: Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, M.; Muljadi, E.; Jonkman, J.

    2013-05-01

    This paper describes the use of MATLAB/Simulink to simulate the electrical and grid-related aspects of a WTG and the FAST aero-elastic wind turbine code to simulate the aerodynamic and mechanical aspects of the WTG. The combination of the two enables studies involving both electrical and mechanical aspects of the WTG.

  3. Using the Biphase Turbine to Generate Useful Energy from Process Streams 

    E-print Network

    Helgeson, N. L.; Studhalter, W. R.

    1981-01-01

    The Biphase turbine is a device for effectively converting enthalpy changes in a two-phase (liquid and gas) working fluid into mechanical energy. No other device is currently available for performing this task. The working fluid may be a single...

  4. Automatic generation control of a wind farm with variable speed wind turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    José Luis Rodríguez-Amenedo; Santiago Arnalte; Juan Carlos Burgos

    2002-01-01

    Wind farms are considered to be negative loads from the point of view of a utility manager. Modern variable-speed wind turbines offer the possibility for controlling active and reactive power separately. This paper presents a new integrated control system of a wind farm according to the utility manager's requirements. This control system is based on two control levels: a supervisory

  5. Impact study on the use of biomass-derived fuels in gas turbines for power generation

    SciTech Connect

    Moses, C.A.; Bernstein, H. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)] [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States)

    1994-01-01

    This report evaluates the properties of fuels derived from biomass, both gaseous and liquid, against the fuel requirements of gas turbine systems for gernating electrical power. The report attempts to be quantitative rather than merely qualitative to establish the significant variations in the properties of biomass fuels from those of conventional fuels. Three general categories are covered: performance, durability, and storage and handling.

  6. MOD-OA 200 kW wind turbine generator engineering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andersen, T. S.; Bodenschatz, C. A.; Eggers, A. G.; Hughes, P. S.; Lampe, R. F.

    1980-08-01

    Engineering drawings and the detailed mechanical and electrical design of a horizontal-axis wind turbine designed for DOE at the NASA Lewis Research Center and installed in Clayton, New Mexico are discussed. The drawings show the hub, pitch change mechanism, drive train, nacelle equipment, yaw drive system, tower, foundation, electrical power systems, and the control and safety systems.

  7. MOD-OA 200 kW wind turbine generator engineeringing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Andersen, T. S.; Bodenschatz, C. A.; Eggers, A. G.; Hughes, P. S.; Lampe, R. F.

    1980-01-01

    Engineering drawings and the detailed mechanical and electrical design of a horizontal-axis wind turbine designed for DOE at the NASA Lewis Research Center and installed in Clayton, New Mexico are discussed. The drawings show the hub, pitch change mechanism, drive train, nacelle equipment, yaw drive system, tower, foundation, electrical power systems, and the control and safety systems.

  8. Improving the Capacity or Output of a Steam Turbine Generator at XYZ Power Plant in Illinois

    E-print Network

    Amoo-Otoo, John Kweku

    2006-05-19

    Competition has been a prime mover in the energy industry and there is the drive to increase performance of steam turbine-driven equipment. Availability of a unit is also critical to the operation of a plant and has also provided the fundamental...

  9. Surface pressure measurements on the blade of an operating Mod-2 wind turbine with and without vortex generators

    SciTech Connect

    Nyland, T.W.

    1987-08-01

    Pressure measurements covering a range of wind velocities were made at one span location on the surface of an operating Mod-2, 2500-kW, wind turbine blade. The data, which were taken with and without vortex generators installed on the leading edge, show the existence of higher pressure coefficients than would be expected from two-dimensional wind tunnel data. These high pressure ratios may be the result of three-dimensional flow over the blade, which delays flow separation. Data are presented showing the repetitiveness of abrupt changes in the pressure distribution that occur as the blade rotates. Calculated values of suction and flap coefficients are also presented.

  10. Wind turbines using self-excited three-phase induction generators: an innovative solution for voltage-frequency control

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brudny, J. F.; Pusca, R.; Roisse, H.

    2008-08-01

    A considerable number of communities throughout the world, most of them isolated, need hybrid energy solutions either for rural electrification or for the reduction of diesel use. Despite several research projects and demonstrations which have been conducted in recent years, wind-diesel technology remains complex and much too costly. Induction generators are the most robust and common for wind energy systems but this option is a serious challenge for electrical regulation. When a wind turbine is used in an off-grid configuration, either continuously or intermittently, precise and robust regulation is difficult to attain. The voltage parameter regulation option, as was experienced at several remote sites (on islands and in the arctic for example), is a safe, reliable and relatively simple technology, but does not optimize the wave quality and creates instabilities. These difficulties are due to the fact that no theory is available to describe the system, due to the inverse nature of the problem. In order to address and solve the problem of the unstable operation of this wind turbine generator, an innovative approach is described, based on a different induction generator single phase equivalent circuit.

  11. Interaction of turbine-generated turbulence with agricultural crops: Conceptual framework and preliminary results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Takle, E. S.; Rajewski, D. A.; Segal, M.; Elmore, R.; Hatfield, J.; Prueger, J. H.; Taylor, S. E.

    2009-12-01

    The US Midwest is a unique location for wind power production because wind farms in this region, unlike any other, are co-located within major agricultural production systems that are among the most highly productive in the world. Iowa has over 3,000 MW of installed power in wind farms typically consisting of 75-120 turbines positioned within agricultural fields with irregular spacing but inter-turbine distances in some cases less than 300 m. Wind turbines extract energy from the ambient flow and change mean and turbulent characteristics of wind flow over and within the crop canopy. Turbulent exchange of air from within the crop canopy regulates vertical fluxes of heat, moisture, momentum, and CO2. Changes in wind speed and turbulence structure by wind farms and isolated wind turbines will influence crop growth, productivity, and seed quality in unknown ways. For instance, enhanced vertical fluxes of heat and moisture may help cool the crop on hot summer days (beneficial) but may enhance loss of soil moisture (detrimental). Faster drying of dew from the crop in the morning reduces leaf wetness, which is a condition favoring growth of fungus, mold and toxins. Corn and soybeans typically draw down ambient CO2 levels by 15-20% during the day in the peak growing season, providing an opportunity to enhance downward fluxes of CO2 into the crop canopy by turbine-induced turbulence. Reduction of high winds and resulting leaf shredding and stalk lodging are documented positive effects of agricultural shelterbelts and may be benefits of turbines as well. Enhanced surface evaporation during fall dry-down would improve seed readiness for storage and reduce artificial drying costs. Modification of surface wind convergence/divergence patterns may enhance convection and change rainfall patterns and modify snow deposition, melting, and soil-moisture-recharge in winter. Wind machines are widely used in orchards and vineyards for avoiding killing freezes, but turbine benefits for such purposes for growing commodity agricultural crops are unknown. Suppressing effects of a premature freeze could extend the growing season by two or more weeks. Aerodynamic surface roughness influences the mean wind at hub height of wind turbines. Type of crop (e.g., corn vs. soybeans) and stage of growth will influence roughness, as will management practices (smooth surface vs. crop residue and tillage-induced roughness). Management of crop residue and snow cover influences surface albedo and hence diabatic influences on turbulent loss of momentum at the surface. We have launched a pilot project to assess the interaction of turbines with crops in Iowa by use of models and measurements. Preliminary studies show that turbulence kinetic energy in the lee of turbines may be enhanced by as much as 300% near hub height and 40% at 10 m above the ground under neutral flow conditions. Field observations of fluxes of CO2, heat, and water vapor have been made outside of wind farms, and plans call for simultaneous measurements to be made within and outside of wind farms.

  12. Hydraulic assist turbocharger system and method of operation

    SciTech Connect

    Kobayashi, R.J.

    1986-11-18

    This patent describes a hydraulic assist turbocharger system for supplying charge air to a combustion engine, comprising: an hydraulic assist turbocharger having a first turbine driven by engine exhaust gases, a compressor rotatably driven by the first turbine for supplying charge air to the engine, and an hydraulic turbine for selective supplemental driving of the compressor; hydraulic fluid supply means for selectively supplying an hydraulic fluid under pressure into rotatable driving communicating with the hydraulic turbine, the fluid supply means including at least two nozzles for passage of the fluid under pressure into driving communication with the hydraulic turbine; means for selectively preventing passage of the fluid under pressure through at least one of the nozzles and for permitting passage of the fluid under pressure through at least one other of the nozzles during an engine starting procedure. This is to decrease the available nozzle flow area open to fluid passage and thereby increase the pressure of hydraulic fluid during the engine starting procedure to correspondingly increase supplemental driving of the compressor resulting in increased supply of charge air to the engine; and means for selectively decreasing the viscosity of the hydraulic fluid during a starting procedure of increase the flow rate of the hydraulic fluid into driving communication with the hydraulic turbine during the starting procedure to correspondingly increase supplemental driving of the compressor resulting in increased supply of charge air to the engine. The hydraulic fluid supply means comprises pump means for providing the hydraulic fluid under pressure for flow through the nozzles into driving communication with the hydraulic turbine.

  13. ATHOS: a computer program for thermal-hydraulic analysis of steam generators. Volume 4. Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Singhal, A.K.; Keeton, L.W.; Przekwas, A.J.; Weems, J.S.

    1984-08-01

    Purpose of this volume is to consolidate the description of all code qualification and verification applications. These have been divided into five categories: code checkout studies, parametric calculations, simulations of small-scale experiments, model steam generator simulations, and full-scale operating steam generator simulations. Findings can be summarized as follows: Agreement with available experimental data is generally good. Agreement with experimental data is always better when employing the algebraic-slip (rather than homogeneous) flow model. Consistent and plausible trends are found in all parametric studies undertaken. Agreement with experiment is generally not as good for low-power-levl cases (less than 50%). This indicates that further study of empirical correlations is needed, particularly for low-power-level calculations. Several model improvements and further developments are identified and suggested for future implementation.

  14. Dynamic thermal-hydraulic behavior of PWR U-tube steam generators: simulation experiments and analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kailra

    1981-01-01

    This report describes integral experiments and analysis undertaken to study U-tube steam generator behavior under normal and off-normal conditions. Discussions are included on (1) steady-state experiments including system behavior, natural circulation processess, and overall heat transfer characteristics; (2) transient experiments simulating loss of feed and steam line break accident conditions; (3) tests results and analysis using 3-D code and analytic

  15. Analysis of torques in large steam turbine driven induction generator shafts following disturbances on the system supply

    SciTech Connect

    Hammons, T.J.; Lee, S.K.; Low, K.Y. [Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)

    1996-12-01

    The paper first summarizes advantages of steam turbine driven induction generators over conventional generators such as low cost, less maintenance, rugged and brushless rotors (squirrel cage type, no need for synchronization, etc.), together with problems concerning excitation (var compensation at loads etc.). A mathematical model of the induction generator simulated in direct-phase quantities where saturation of the magnetizing reactances is simulated and saturation of stator and rotor leakage reactances is ignored is developed and employed for detailed simulation of the machine. Discrete-mass models of the machine shaft where both steam and electrical viscous damping is simulated are employed in comparing transient shaft torsional response evaluated by time domain simulation and frequency domain analysis following incidence and clearance of severe system faults. The paper then investigates torsional response following incidence and clearance of severe supply system disturbances, when the rotor is stationary and when running at close to synchronous speed unexcited, and following malsynchronization when excited by a controlled var source, together with torsional response following bolted stator-terminal short-circuits at full-load and no-load following switching in of the induction generator onto the system supply. It examines precision of predicting torque in turbine-generator shafts by frequency domain analysis not analyzed for induction-generators in the literature heretofore following incidence and clearance of worst-case disturbances on the supply. Effect of steam and electrical damping on maximum shaft torques predicted by frequency domain analysis is also illustrated. The results illustrate there is no tendency for shaft torques to become more onerous as the fault clearing time is increased as is the case for shaft torques in large synchronous machines. Three large two-pole machines of rating of up to a few hundred MWs are analyzed.

  16. Analysis of Continuum and Reduced Shaft Models in Evaluating Turbine-Generator Shaft Torsional Response following Severe Disturbances on the System Supply

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. J. HAMMONS; M. ISTIN; A. CROCQUEVIEILLE

    1987-01-01

    The paper examines use of continuum and reduced models of turbine-generator shafts in evaluating torque response following incidence and clearance of severe disturbances on the system supply. Using airgap torque which results from incidence and clearance of system disturbances at fault current zeros, torque excitation which acts along the active length of the generator rotor for each torsional vibration is

  17. Thermal-hydraulic analysis of the Combustion Engineering series 67 steam generator

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Inch, W. W. R.

    1981-01-01

    The results of an analysis using THIRST - a three dimensional, steady state, incompressible, homogeneous, two-phase flow computer code is presented. The analysis was done for operating conditions corresponding to 100%, 50%, and 20% of the nominal full power. The THIRST computer code methodology is discussed, and the assumptions, operating conditions, and empirical correlations are given. Results are presented in the form of detailed printouts and computer-generated plots of quality, velocity and mass flux distributions. The printout data include calculated values of overall heat transfer, circulation ratio, primary inlet temperature, as well as velocity, quality, temperature, pressure and density fields.

  18. Structural Load Alleviation Applied to Next Generation Aircraft and Wind Turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frost, Susan

    2011-01-01

    Reducing the environmental impact of aviation is a goal of the Subsonic Fixed Wing Project under the Fundamental Aeronautics Program of NASAs Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate. Environmental impact of aviation is being addressed by novel aircraft configurations and materials that reduce aircraft weight and increase aerodynamic efficiency. NASA is developing tools to address the challenges of increased airframe flexibility created by wings constructed with reduced structural material and novel light-weight materials. This talk will present a framework and demonstration of a flight control system using optimal control allocation with structural load feedback and constraints to achieve safe aircraft operation. As wind turbines age, they become susceptible to many forms of blade degradation. Results will be presented on work in progress that uses adaptive contingency control for load mitigation in a wind turbine simulation with blade damage progression modeled.

  19. A 200-kW wind turbine generator conceptual design study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1979-01-01

    A conceptual design study was conducted to define a 200 kW wind turbine power system configuration for remote applications. The goal was to attain an energy cost of 1 to 2 cents per kilowatt-hour at a 14-mph site (mean average wind velocity at an altitude of 30 ft.) The costs of the Clayton, New Mexico, Mod-OA (200-kW) were used to identify the components, subsystems, and other factors that were high in cost and thus candidates for cost reduction. Efforts devoted to developing component and subsystem concepts and ideas resulted in a machine concept that is considerably simpler, lighter in weight, and lower in cost than the present Mod-OA wind turbines. In this report are described the various innovations that contributed to the lower cost and lighter weight design as well as the method used to calculate the cost of energy.

  20. Evaluation of human exposure to the noise from large wind turbine generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shepherd, K. P.; Grosveld, F. W.; Stephens, D. G.

    1983-01-01

    The human perception of a nuisance level of noise was quantified in tests and attempts were made to define criteria for acceptable sound levels from wind turbines. Comparisons were made between the sound necessary to cause building vibration, which occurred near the Mod-1 wind turbine, and human perception thresholds for building noise and building vibration. Thresholds were measured for both broadband and impulsive noise, with the finding that noise in the 500-2000 Hz region, and impulses with a 1 Hz fundamental, were most noticeable. Curves were developed for matching a receiver location with expected acoustic output from a machine to determine if the sound levels were offensive. In any case, further data from operating machines are required before definitive criteria can be established.

  1. Performance and load data from Mod-0A and Mod-1 wind turbine generators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spera, D. A.; Janetzke, D. C.

    1982-01-01

    Experimental data, together with supporting analysis, are presented on the power conversion performance and blade loading of large, horizontal-axis wind turbines tested at electric utility sites in the U.S. Four turbine rotor configurations, from 28 to 61 meters in diameter, and data from five test sites are included. Performance data are presented in the form of graphs of power and system efficiency versus free-stream wind speed. Deviations from theoretical performance are analyzed statistically. Power conversion efficiency averaged 0.34 for all tests combined, compared with 0.31 predicted. Round blade tips appeared to improve performance significantly. Cyclic blade loads were normalized to develop load factors which can be used in the design of rotors with rigid hubs.

  2. Hexagram-Converter-Based STATCOM for Voltage Support in Fixed-Speed Wind Turbine Generation Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mikhail N. Slepchenkov; Keyue Ma Smedley; Jun Wen

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies the effectiveness of reactive power compensation using a multilevel, hexagram-converter-based STATic COMpensator (STATCOM) with one-cycle control (OCC) for a wind farm with fixed-speed turbines, and the interaction with the power system network. Comparison is made with several common types of multilevel voltage source converters used for STATCOM applications. A new voltage control method based on OCC principles

  3. FLOW GENERATED BY PITCHED BLADE TURBINES I: MEASUREMENTS USING LASER DOPPLER ANEMOMETER

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. V. RANADE; J. B. JOSHI

    1989-01-01

    Mean flow and turbulence intensities have been measured using laser Doppler anemometer for pitched blade downflow turbines (PTD). Fully baffled, flat bottomed cylindrical vessels of 300 and 500 mm internal diameter were employed. The effect of impeller clearance on flow characteristics have been investigated. The influence of geometry of PTD, that is blade angle (30-60°), blade width (0.2D-0.4D) and impeller diameter

  4. Evaluation of advanced hydraulic turbomachinery for underground pumped hydroelectric storage. Part 1. Single-stage regulated pump turbines for operating heads of 500 to 1000 m

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. A. Frigo; C. A. Blomquist; J. R. Degnan

    1979-01-01

    High-head, large-capacity turbomachinery is needed for the concept of underground pumped hydroelectric storage to be technically and economically attractive. Single-stage, reversible, Francis-type pump turbines with adjustable wicket gates appear to offer the most economically attractive option for heads between about 500 and 1000 m. The feasibility of developing these types of machines for capacities up to 500 MW and operating

  5. Wind turbine rotor assembly

    SciTech Connect

    Kaiser, H. W.

    1984-11-20

    A vertical axis wind turbine having a horizontal arm member which supports an upright blade assembly. Bearing structure coupling the blade assembly to the turbine arm permits blade movement about its longitudinal axis as well as flexing motion of the blade assembly about axes perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. A latching mechanism automatically locks the blade assembly to its supporting arm during normal turbine operation and automatically unlocks same when the turbine is at rest. For overspeed prevention, a centrifugally actuated arm functions to unlatch the blade assembly permitting same to slipstream or feather into the wind. Manually actuated means are also provided for unlatching the moving blade assembly. The turbine arm additionally carries a switching mechanism in circuit with a turbine generator with said mechanism functioning to open and hence protect the generator circuit in the event of an overspeed condition of the turbine.

  6. Heat transfer in a two-pass internally ribbed turbine blade coolant channel with cylindrical vortex generators

    SciTech Connect

    Hibbs, R.G.; Acharya, S.; Chen, Y.; Nikitopoulos, D.E.; Myrum, T.A. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

    1998-07-01

    The effect of vortex generators on the mass (heat) transfer from the ribbed passage of a two-pass turbine blade coolant channel is investigated with the intent of optimizing the vortex generator geometry so that significant enhancements in mass/heat transfer can be achieved. In the experimental configuration considered, ribs are mounted on two opposite walls; all four walls along each pass are active and have mass transfer from their surfaces but the ribs are nonparticipating. Mass transfer measurements, in the form of Sherwood number ratios, are made along the centerline and in selected interrib modules. Results are presented for Reynolds number in the range of 5000 to 40,000 pitch to rib height ratios of 10.5 and 21, and vortex generator-rib spacing to rib height ratios of 0.55 and 1.5. Centerline and spanwise-averaged Sherwood number ratios are presented along with contours of the Sherwood number ratios. Results indicate that the vortex generators lead to substantial increases in the local mass transfer rates, particularly along the side walls, and modest increases in the average mass transfer rates. The vortex generators have the effect of making the interrib profiles along the ribbed walls more uniform. Along the side walls, vortices that characterize the vortex generator wake are associated with significant mass transfer enhancements. The wake effects and the levels of enhancement decrease somewhat with increasing Reynolds number and decreasing pitch.

  7. Heat transfer in a two-pass internally ribbed turbine blade coolant channel with cylindrical vortex generators

    SciTech Connect

    Hibbs, R.; Acharya, S.; Chen, Y. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-31

    The effect of vortex generators on the mass (heat) transfer from the ribbed passage of a two pass turbine blade coolant channel is investigated with the intent of optimizing the vortex generator geometry so that significant enhancements in mass/heat transfer can be achieved. In the experimental configuration considered, ribs are mounted on two opposite walls; all four walls along each pass are active and have mass transfer from their surfaces but the ribs are non-participating. Mass transfer measurements, in the form of Sherwood number ratios, are made along the centerline and in selected inter-rib modules. Results are presented for Reynolds number in the range of 5,000 to 40,000, pitch to rib height ratios of 10.5 and 21, and vortex generator-rib spacing to rib height ratios of 0.55, and 1.5. Centerline and spanwise averaged Sherwood number ratios are presented along with contours of the Sherwood number ratios. Results indicate that the vortex generators induce substantial increases in the local mass transfer rates, particularly along the side walls, and modest increases in the average mass transfer rates. The vortex generators have the effect of making the inter-rib profiles along the ribbed walls more uniform. Along the side walls, horse-shoe vortices that characterize the vortex generator wake are associated with significant mass transfer enhancements. The wake effects and the levels of enhancement decrease somewhat with increasing Reynolds number and decreasing pitch.

  8. ENVIRONMENTAL HYDRAULICS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The thermal, chemical, and biological quality of water in rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and near coastal areas is inseparable from a consideration of hydraulic engineering principles: therefore, the term environmental hydraulics. In this chapter we discuss the basic principles of w...

  9. Wind Turbinie Generator System Power Performance Test Report for the Mariah Windspire 1-kW Wind Turbine

    SciTech Connect

    Huskey, A.; Bowen, A.; Jager, D.

    2009-12-01

    This report summarizes the results of a power performance test that NREL conducted on the Mariah Windspire 1-kW wind turbine. During this test, two configurations were tested on the same turbine. In the first configuration, the turbine inverter was optimized for power production. In the second configuration, the turbine inverter was set for normal power production. In both configurations, the inverter experienced failures and the tests were not finished.

  10. The Use of a Code-generating System for the Derivation of the Equations for Wind Turbine Dynamics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hans Ganander

    2003-01-01

    For many reasons the size of wind turbines on the rapidly growing wind energy market is increasing. Relations between aeroelastic properties of these new large turbines change. Modifications of turbine designs and control concepts are also influenced by growing size. All these trends require development of computer codes for design and certification. Moreover, there is a strong desire for design

  11. Stresa, Italy, 26-28 April 2006 A SILICON-BASED MICRO GAS TURBINE ENGINE FOR POWER GENERATION

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    gas turbine engine consists of a micro combustor, a turbine and a centrifugal compressor and turbine consist of centrifugal blades with two-dimensional profiles. Centrifugal Compressor Combustor. Comprehensive simulation has been implemented to optimal the component design. We have successfully demonstrated

  12. Hydraulics Lectures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Pytel, Jim

    This page from the WindTech TV project provides a link to lectures created by Jim Pytel for his hydraulics course at Columbia Gorge Community College. The lectures consist of live videos and screen capture style presentations and may be viewed free of charge. Clicking on the video link in the center of the page will lead users to a YouTube page with 31 lectures. Topics include hydraulics math, hydraulic safety, basic hydraulic schematics, viscosity, piston pumps, actuators, troubleshooting and more. These lectures would be extremely useful for technical and community college students taking a fundamental hydraulics course. Flash is required to view the videos.

  13. Adjustable speed generators for wind turbines based on doubly-fed induction machines and 4-quadrant IGBT converters linked to the rotor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Muller; M. Deicke; Rik W. De Doncker

    2000-01-01

    Wind turbines are being built at power levels above 1.5 MW. Higher power levels are being anticipated for offshore applications. To limit mechanical stresses and power surges in these high power systems, speed control is necessary. The doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) system is investigated as a viable alternative to adjust speed over a wide range while keeping the cost of

  14. Environmental noise characteristics of the MOD5-B (3.2 MW) wind turbine generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shepherd, Kevin P.; Hubbard, Harvey H.

    1989-01-01

    Both narrow band and broad band acoustic data were obtained for the MOD5-B wind turbine for a range of wind speeds from 5.8 to 14.3 m/s; for a range of power outputs from 300 to 3100 kW; and for various azimuth angles and distances. Comparisons are made with those of other large machines and with predictions by available methods. The highest levels occur at the lower frequencies and generally decrease as the frequency increases. Low frequency rotational noise components were more intense than expected for an upwind machine and are believed to result from localized wind gradients across the rotor disk due to upwind terrain features. Predicted broad band spectra follow the general trends of the data but tend to underestimate the levels in the frequency range where the turbulent boundary layer-trailing edge interaction noise is expected to be significant.

  15. Optimum design of Hydrokinetic turbine based on Fluid structure interaction analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kolekar, Nitin; Banerjee, Arindam

    2012-11-01

    Hydrokinetic turbines, unlike conventional hydraulic turbines are zero head energy conversion devices, which utilize the kinetic energy of flowing water for power generation. Though the basic operation is similar to wind turbines, due to denser working media, these turbines are subjected to higher loads and stresses. The present work aims at hydrodynamic design and coupled fluid structure interaction (FSI) analysis for a horizontal axis hydrokinetic turbine. Blade element momentum (BEM) theory is utilized to analyze fluid forces and torque developed on turbine blades. The results of BEM are compared with a detailed three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis. The CFD domain is coupled with the structural domain using arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian scheme to find stresses in turbine components. A parametric study will be carried out to understand the effect of various parameters like blade pitch angle, flow velocity and RPM on the stresses developed on blades for different blade materials (aluminum and steel). Based on the one-way FSI analysis, the flow conditions and turbine design parameters will be optimized to achieve maximum possible efficiency. Authors acknowledge financial support through ONR Grant # N000141010923.

  16. Single casing reheat turbine

    SciTech Connect

    Matsushima, Tatsuro; Nishimura, Shigeo

    1999-07-01

    For conventional power plants, regenerative reheat steam turbines have been accepted as the most practical method to meet the demand for efficient and economical power generation. Recently the application of reheat steam turbines for combined cycle power plant began according to the development of large-capacity high temperature gas turbine. The two casing double flow turbine has been applied for this size of reheat steam turbine. The single casing reheat turbine can offer economical and compact power plant. Through development of HP-LP combined rotor and long LP blading series, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. had developed a single casing reheat steam turbine series and began to use it in actual plants. Six units are already in operation and another seven units are under manufacturing. Multiple benefits of single casing reheat turbine are smaller space requirements, shorter construction and erection period, equally good performance, easier operation and maintenance, shorter overhaul period, smaller initial investment, lower transportation expense and so on. Furthermore, single exhaust steam turbine makes possible to apply axial exhaust type, which will lower the height of T/G foundation and T/G housing. The single casing reheat turbine has not only compact and economical configuration itself but also it can reduce the cost of civil construction. In this paper, major developments and design features of the single casing reheat turbine are briefly discussed and operating experience, line-up and technical consideration for performance improvement are presented.

  17. Coalescing Wind Turbine Wakes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, S.; Churchfield, M.; Sirnivas, S.; Moriarty, P.; Nielsen, F. G.; Skaare, B.; Byklum, E.

    2015-06-01

    A team of researchers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Statoil used large-eddy simulations to numerically investigate the merging wakes from upstream offshore wind turbines. Merging wakes are typical phenomena in wind farm flows in which neighboring turbine wakes consolidate to form complex flow patterns that are as yet not well understood. In the present study, three 6-MW turbines in a row were subjected to a neutrally stable atmospheric boundary layer flow. As a result, the wake from the farthest upstream turbine conjoined the downstream wake, which significantly altered the subsequent velocity deficit structures, turbulence intensity, and the global meandering behavior. The complexity increased even more when the combined wakes from the two upstream turbines mixed with the wake generated by the last turbine, thereby forming a “triplet” structure. Although the influence of the wake generated by the first turbine decayed with downstream distance, the mutated wakes from the second turbine continued to influence the downstream wake. Two mirror-image angles of wind directions that yielded partial wakes impinging on the downstream turbines yielded asymmetric wake profiles that could be attributed to the changing flow directions in the rotor plane induced by the Coriolis force. The turbine wakes persisted for extended distances in the present study, which is a result of low aerodynamic surface roughness typically found in offshore conditions.

  18. The Performance Analysis of Ultra High Speed PM Type Synchronous Motor-Generator for Micro Turbine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hong, Do-Kwan; Woo, Byung-Chul; Jeong, Yeon-Ho; Koo, Dae-Hyun; Cho, Yun-Hyun

    This paper deals with loss analysis, structural, thermal-fluid and rotordynamics (critical speed and unbalance) which need in developing the motor-generator. This machine has designed of a generator of 800 W, 400 krpm and a starter of 400 W, 200 krpm. The generated losses of motor-generator are derived by magnetic analysis. Thermal-fluid analysis is performed using loss analysis result. The critical speed is extracted by Campbell diagram. Unbalance vibration response analysis enable to predict the expected vibration amplitude by unbalance. The motor-generator is well-developed using the applied several techniques of analysis.

  19. Mass Transfer And Hydraulic Testing Of The V-05 And V-10 Contactors With The Next Generation Solvent

    SciTech Connect

    Herman, D. T.; Duignan, M. R.; Williams, M. R.; Peters, T. B.; Poirier, M. R.; Fondeur, F. F.

    2013-07-31

    The Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) Unit (MCU) facility is actively pursuing the transition from the current BOBCalixC6 based solvent to the Next Generation Solvent (NGS)-MCU solvent. To support this integration of NGS into the MCU facilities, Savannah River Remediation (SRR) requested that Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) perform testing of a blend of the NGS (MaxCalix based solvent) with the current solvent (BOBCalixC6 based solvent) for the removal of cesium (Cs) from the liquid salt waste stream. This testing differs from prior testing by utilizing a blend of BOBCalixC6 based solvent and the NGS with the full (0.05 M) concentration of the MaxCalix as well as a new suppressor, tris(3,7dimethyloctyl) guanidine. Single stage tests were conducted using the full size V-05 and V-10 centrifugal contactors installed at SRNL. These tests were designed to determine the mass transfer and hydraulic characteristics with the NGS solvent blended with the projected heel of the BOBCalixC6 based solvent that will exist in MCU at time of transition. The test program evaluated the amount of organic carryover and the droplet size of the organic carryover phases using several analytical methods. Stage efficiency and mass distribution ratios were determined by measuring Cs concentration in the aqueous and organic phases during single contactor testing. The nominal cesium distribution ratio, D(Cs) measured for extraction ranged from 37-60. The data showed greater than 96% stage efficiency for extraction. No significant differences were noted for operations at 4, 8 or 12 gpm aqueous salt simulant feed flow rates. The first scrub test (contact with weak caustic solution) yielded average scrub D(Cs) values of 3.3 to 5.2 and the second scrub test produced an average value of 1.8 to 2.3. For stripping behavior, the “first stage” D Cs) values ranged from 0.04 to 0.08. The efficiency of the low flow (0.27 gpm aqueous) was calculated to be 82.7%. The Spreadsheet Algorithm for Stagewise Solvent Extraction (SASSE) predicted equivalent DF for MCU from this testing is greater than 3,500 assuming 95% efficiency during extraction and 80% efficiency during scrub and strip. Hydraulically, the system performed very well in all tests. Target flows were easily obtained and stable throughout testing. Though some issues were encountered with plugging in the coalescer, they were not related to the solvent. No hydraulic upsets due to the solvent were experienced during any of the tests conducted. The first extraction coalescer element used in testing developed high pressure drop that made it difficult to maintain the target flow rates. Analysis showed an accumulation of sodium aluminosilicate solids. The coalescer was replaced with one from the same manufacturer’s lot and pressure drop was no longer an issue. Concentrations of Isopar™ L and Modifier were measured using semi-volatile organic analysis (SVOA) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to determine the amount of solvent carryover. For low-flow (0.27 gpm aqueous) conditions in stripping, SVOA measured the Isopar™ L post-contactor concentration to be 25 mg/L, HPLC measured 39 mg/L of Modifier. For moderate-flow (0.54 gpm aqueous) conditions, SVOA measured the Isopar™ L postcontactor to be ~69 mg/L, while the HPLC measured 56 mg/L for Modifier. For high-flow (0.8 gpm aqueous) conditions, SVOA measured the Isopar™ L post-contactor to be 39 mg/L. The post-coalescer (pre-decanter) measurements by SVOA for Isopar™ L were all less than the analysis detection limit of 10 mg/L. The HPLC measured 18, 22 and 20 mg/L Modifier for the low, medium, and high-low rates respectively. In extraction, the quantity of pre-coalescer Isopar™ L carryover measured by SVOA was ~280-410 mg/L at low flow (4 gpm aqueous), ~400-450 mg/L at moderate flow (8 gpm aqueous), and ~480 mg/L at high flow (12 gpm aqueous). The amount of post coalescer (pre-decanter) Isopar™ L carryover measured by SVOA was less than 45 mg/L for all flow rates. HPLC results for Modifier were 182, 217 and 22

  20. Gas-turbine-topped hybrid power plants for the utilization of geopressured geothermal resources

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khalifa, H. E.

    1981-01-01

    The paper presents an analysis of the performance and economics of a novel hybrid energy conversion system that would efficiently utilize the methane, hydraulic and thermal energy produced by geopressured-geothermal resources. The novel system comprises a methane-fueled gas turbine whose waste heat is used to superheat the vapor generated from the geopressured brine in an otherwise-conventional double-flash power plant. The analysis indicates that, compared to a conventional double-flash system, the hybrid system can generate nearly 44 percent more work from the thermal energy of the brine, in addition to the outputs of the gas and hydraulic turbines. Conservative preliminary economic estimates indicate that the unit installed cost of the hybrid plant would be about 25 percent lower than that of a conventional system constructed at the same geopressured resource site.

  1. Modeling and control of variable-speed micro-hydropower plant based on Axial-flow turbine and permanent magnet synchronous generator (MHPP-PMSG)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lakhdar Belhadji; Seddik Bacha; Daniel Roye

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a grid connected variable-speed micro hydropower plant, based on a micro Axial-flow turbine (semi-Kaplan) coupled to permanent magnet synchronous generator (MHPP-PMSG); Two back-to-back Voltage Source Inverters are interfacing the generator. The main idea is to show the feasibility and interest of variable speed operation of the considered system. The scope of the presented work is similar to

  2. The dynamic characteristics of an isolated self-excited induction generator driven by a wind turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Seyoum; C. Grantham; M. F. Rahman

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents the effect of magnetizing inductance on self-excitation. It also describes the loading analysis of an isolated induction generator, and how the operating frequency and generated voltage are affected by the change in operating slip value for regulated and unregulated rotor speed. Wind-powered self-excited induction generators have an input wind which is not controllable, but they can be

  3. Plant root-driven hydraulic redistribution, root nutrient uptake and carbon exudation interact with soil properties to generate rhizosphere resource hotspots that vary in space and time

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Espeleta, J. F.; Neumann, R. B.; Cardon, Z. G.; Mayer, K. U.; Rastetter, E. B.

    2014-12-01

    Hydraulic redistribution (HR) of soil water by plants occurs in seasonally dry ecosystems worldwide. During drought, water flows from deep moist soil, through plant roots, into dry (often litter-rich) upper soil layers. Using modeling, we explored how physical transport processes driven by transpiration and hydraulic redistribution interact with root physiology (nutrient uptake and carbon exudation) and soil properties (soil texture and cation exchange) to influence nitrogen and carbon concentrations in the rhizosphere. At the single root scale, we modeled a 10-cm radial soil domain, and simulated solute transport, soil cation exchange, and root exudation and nutrient uptake under two water flow patterns: daytime transpiration without nighttime HR, and daytime transpiration with nighttime HR. During HR, water efflux flushed solutes away from the root, diluting the concentrations of key nutrients like nitrate. The transport of cations by transpiration in the day and their accumulation near the root led to competitive desorption of ammonium from soil further from the root and generation of hotspots of ammonium availability at night. HR influenced the spatial and temporal patterns of these hotspots and their intensity. They were also influenced by soil properties of texture and cation exchange capacity. This dynamic resource landscape caused by diel cycling between transpiration and hydraulic redistribution presents a stage for greater complexity of microbial interactions. We are currently embedding a microbial community and small food web into this rhizosphere model in order to explore how organisms responsible for nutrient and soil carbon cycling respond to these fluctuating resource regimes.

  4. Combustion generated noise in gas turbine combustors. [engine noise/noise reduction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Strahle, W. C.; Shivashankara, B. N.

    1974-01-01

    Experiments were conducted to determine the noise power and spectra emitted from a gas turbine combustor can exhausting to the atmosphere. Limited hot wire measurements were made of the cold flow turbulence level and spectra within the can. The fuels used were JP-4, acetone and methyl alcohol burning with air at atmospheric pressure. The experimental results show that for a fixed fuel the noise output is dominated by the airflow rate and not the fuel/air ratio. The spectra are dominated by the spectra of the cold flow turbulence spectra which were invariant with airflow rate in the experiments. The effect of fuel type on the noise power output was primarily through the heat of combustion and not the reactivity. A theory of combustion noise based upon the flame radiating to open surroundings is able to reasonably explain the observed results. A thermoacoustic efficiency for noise radiation as high as .00003 was observed in this program for JP-4 fuel. Scaling rules are presented for installed configurations.

  5. Constructing a Plastic Bottle Wind Turbine as a Practical Aid for Learning about Using Wind Energy to Generate Electricity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appleyard, S. J.

    2009-01-01

    A simple horizontal axis wind turbine can be easily constructed using a 1.5 l PET plastic bottle, a compact disc and a small dynamo. The turbine operates effectively at low wind speeds and has a rotational speed of 500 rpm at a wind speed of about 14 km h[superscript -1]. The wind turbine can be used to demonstrate the relationship between open…

  6. Stressing of turbine-generator-exciter shafts by variable-frequency currents superimposed on DC currents in asynchronous HVDC links and following disturbances at converter stations

    SciTech Connect

    Hammons, T.J.; Bremner, J.J. (Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom))

    1994-09-01

    Ripple currents on the DC side of both HVDC synchronous and asynchronous. Links together with cleared HVDC and AC system disturbances can excite in some circumstances onerous torsional vibrations in large steam generator shafts. The problem has assumed importance in recent months on account of the HVDC Link between Scotland and Northern Ireland going ahead, on account of the proposed Eire/Wales Link, and because AC/DC/AC couplers are to be installed extensively to interconnect the East and West European Grid Systems. This paper discusses and analyses excitation of shaft torsional vibrations in steam turbine-generator-exciter shafts in close proximity to HVDC converter stations by (1) variable-frequency ripple currents superimposed on the DC currents in asynchronous Links, and (2) disturbances at bi-polar converter stations. The time response and tables show that for the systems studied variable-frequency ripple currents superimposed on the DC current in asynchronous Links can excite shaft torsional vibrations, the very small noncharacteristic currents could result in onerous shaft torques which might damage the machine, and that DC line faults at converter stations in close proximity of steam turbine-generator units can excite onerous turbine-generator shaft torsional response. Detailed simulation of the HVDC converter and generator is necessary for precise assessments of shaft torsional response following HVDC converter station faults. 500MW, 660MW, 1000MW and 1300MW machines are considered in the analyses that are made.

  7. Second-Generation Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion: Small gas turbine industrial plant study

    SciTech Connect

    Shenker, J.; Garland, R.; Horazak, D.; Seifert, F.; Wenglarz, R.

    1992-07-01

    Second-Generation Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion (PFBC) plants provide a coal-fired, high-efficiency, combined-cycle system for the generation of electricity and steam. The plants use lime-based sorbents in PFB combustors to meet environmental air standards without back-end gas desulfurization equipment. The second-generation system is an improvement over earlier PFBC concepts because it can achieve gas temperatures of 2100{degrees}F and higher for improved cycle efficiency while maintaining the fluidized beds at 1600{degrees}F for enhanced sulfur capture and minimum alkali release. Second-generation PFBC systems are capable of supplying the electric and steam process needs of industrial plants. The basic second-generation system can be applied in different ways to meet a variety of process steam and electrical requirements. To evaluate the potential of these systems in the industrial market, conceptual designs have been developed for six second-generation PFBC plants. These plants cover a range of electrical outputs from 6.3 to 41.5 MWe and steam flows from 46,067 to 442,337 lb/h. Capital and operating costs have been estimated for these six plants and for equivalent (in size) conventional, coal-fired atmospheric fluidized bed combustion cogeneration plants. Economic analyses were conducted to compare the cost of steam for both the second-generation plants and the conventional plants.

  8. Second-Generation Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion: Small gas turbine induustrial plant study

    SciTech Connect

    Shenker, J.; Garland, R.; Horazak, D.; Seifert, F.; Wenglarz, R.

    1992-07-01

    Second-Generation Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion (PFBC) plants provide a coal-fired, high-efficiency, combined-cycle system for the generation of electricity and steam. The plants use lime-based sorbents in PFB combustors to meet environmental air standards without back-end gas desulfurization equipment. The second-generation system is an improvement over earlier PFBC concepts because it can achieve gas temperatures of 2100[degrees]F and higher for improved cycle efficiency while maintaining the fluidized beds at 1600[degrees]F for enhanced sulfur capture and minimum alkali release. Second-generation PFBC systems are capable of supplying the electric and steam process needs of industrial plants. The basic second-generation system can be applied in different ways to meet a variety of process steam and electrical requirements. To evaluate the potential of these systems in the industrial market, conceptual designs have been developed for six second-generation PFBC plants. These plants cover a range of electrical outputs from 6.3 to 41.5 MWe and steam flows from 46,067 to 442,337 lb/h. Capital and operating costs have been estimated for these six plants and for equivalent (in size) conventional, coal-fired atmospheric fluidized bed combustion cogeneration plants. Economic analyses were conducted to compare the cost of steam for both the second-generation plants and the conventional plants.

  9. Rampressor Turbine Design

    SciTech Connect

    Ramgen Power Systems

    2003-09-30

    The design of a unique gas turbine engine is presented. The first Rampressor Turbine engine rig will be a configuration where the Rampressor rotor is integrated into an existing industrial gas turbine engine. The Rampressor rotor compresses air which is burned in a traditional stationary combustion system in order to increase the enthalpy of the compressed air. The combustion products are then expanded through a conventional gas turbine which provides both compressor and electrical power. This in turn produces shaft torque, which drives a generator to provide electricity. The design and the associated design process of such an engine are discussed in this report.

  10. Predicting Noise From Wind Turbines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Grosveld, Ferdinand W.

    1990-01-01

    Computer program WINDY predicts broadband noise spectra of horizontal-axis wind-turbine generators. Enables adequate assessment of impact of broadband wind-turbine noise. Effects of turbulence, trailing-edge wakes, and bluntness taken into account. Program has practical application in design and siting of wind-turbine machines acceptable to community. Written in GW-Basic.

  11. Analysis of dynamic stresses in Kaplan turbine blades

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lingjiu Zhou; Zhengwei Wang; Ruofu Xiao; Yongyao Luo

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – Some comparison of unsteady flow calculation and the measured stress showed that the dynamic stresses in blades are closely related to hydraulic instability. However, few studies have been conducted for the hydraulic machinery to calculate dynamic stresses caused by the unsteady hydraulic load. The present paper aims to analyse the stresses in blades of a Kaplan turbine. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

  12. Three-dimensional hybrid grid generator and unstructured flow solver for compressors and turbines

    E-print Network

    Kim, Kyusup

    2005-02-17

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 III NUMERICAL METHOD : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 23 A. Hybrid mesh generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2. Mapping... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 f. Gradient computation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 g. Piecewise linear reconstruction . . . . . . . . . . . 62 vii CHAPTER Page h. Viscous ?ux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 2. Temporal discretization...

  13. Simulation for Wind Turbine Generators -- With FAST and MATLAB-Simulink Modules

    SciTech Connect

    Singh, M.; Muljadi, E.; Jonkman, J.; Gevorgian, V.; Girsang, I.; Dhupia, J.

    2014-04-01

    This report presents the work done to develop generator and gearbox models in the Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB) environment and couple them to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Fatigue, Aerodynamics, Structures, and Turbulence (FAST) program. The goal of this project was to interface the superior aerodynamic and mechanical models of FAST to the excellent electrical generator models found in various Simulink libraries and applications. The scope was limited to Type 1, Type 2, and Type 3 generators and fairly basic gear-train models. Future work will include models of Type 4 generators and more-advanced gear-train models with increased degrees of freedom. As described in this study, implementation of the developed drivetrain model enables the software tool to be used in many ways. Several case studies are presented as examples of the many types of studies that can be performed using this tool.

  14. Three-dimensional hybrid grid generator and unstructured flow solver for compressors and turbines 

    E-print Network

    Kim, Kyusup

    2005-02-17

    A numerical method for the simulation of compressible turbulent ?ows is presented. This method includes a novel hybrid grid generation for airfoil cascades and an unstructured mesh ?ow solver. The mesh tool ...

  15. ATHOS: a computer program for thermal-hydraulic analysis of steam generators. Volume 1. Mathematical and physical models and method of solution. [PWR

    SciTech Connect

    Singhal, A.K.; Keeton, L.W.; Spalding, D.B.; Srikantiah, G.S.

    1982-10-01

    ATHOS (Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulics of Steam Generators) is a computer code developed by CHAM of North America Incorporated, under the contract RP 1066-1 from the Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, California. ATHOS supersedes the earlier code URSULA2. ATHOS is designed for three-dimensional, steady state and transient analyses of PWR steam generators. The current version of the code has been checked out for: three different configurations of the recirculating-type U-tube steam generators; the homogeneous and algebraic-slip flow models; and full and part load operating conditions. The description of ATHOS is divided into four volumes. Volume 1 includes the mathematical and physical models and method of solution.

  16. An Approach of Uncertainty Evaluation for Thermal-Hydraulic Analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Katsunori Ogura [CSA of Japan Company, Ltd., 1-3-9, Shibadaimon, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0012 (Japan); Hisashi Ninokata [Tokyo Institute of Technology, O-okayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152 (Japan)

    2002-07-01

    An approach to evaluate uncertainty systematically for thermal-hydraulic analysis programs is demonstrated. The approach is applied to the Peach Bottom Unit 2 Turbine Trip 2 Benchmark and is validated. (authors)

  17. The helical turbine: A new idea for low-head hydro

    SciTech Connect

    Gorlov, A.M. [Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA (United States)

    1995-09-01

    Substantial potential exists at small hydro sites where heads are too low for conventional hydraulic turbines. A spiral-bladed turbine may offer a new alternative for tapping that potential in a cost-efficient manner.

  18. Single rotor turbine engine

    DOEpatents

    Platts, David A. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2002-01-01

    There has been invented a turbine engine with a single rotor which cools the engine, functions as a radial compressor, pushes air through the engine to the ignition point, and acts as an axial turbine for powering the compressor. The invention engine is designed to use a simple scheme of conventional passage shapes to provide both a radial and axial flow pattern through the single rotor, thereby allowing the radial intake air flow to cool the turbine blades and turbine exhaust gases in an axial flow to be used for energy transfer. In an alternative embodiment, an electric generator is incorporated in the engine to specifically adapt the invention for power generation. Magnets are embedded in the exhaust face of the single rotor proximate to a ring of stationary magnetic cores with windings to provide for the generation of electricity. In this alternative embodiment, the turbine is a radial inflow turbine rather than an axial turbine as used in the first embodiment. Radial inflow passages of conventional design are interleaved with radial compressor passages to allow the intake air to cool the turbine blades.

  19. Hydraulics of open channel flow

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sergio Montes

    1998-01-01

    ``Hydraulics of Open Channel Flow'' provides a complete understanding of open channel flow phenomena, and clearly explains the methods for solving the theoretical equations that represent these phenomena. Researchers and practicing engineers in charge of design of hydraulics structures, generation of hydropower, and computation of pollutant diffusion in channels and lakes will find in this essential reference a wealth of

  20. Development of a more fish-tolerant turbine runner, advanced hydropower turbine project

    SciTech Connect

    Cook, T.C.; Hecker, G.E. [Worcester Polytechnic Inst., Holden, MA (United States). Alden Research Lab.; Faulkner, H.B.; Jansen, W. [Northern Research and Engineering Corp., Woburn, MA (United States)

    1997-02-01

    Alden Research Laboratory, Inc. (ARL) and Northern Research and Engineering Corporation (NREC) conducted a research program to develop a turbine runner which will minimize fish injury and mortality at hydroelectric projects. ARL?NREC have developed a runner shape which minimizes the number of blade leading edges, reduces the pressure versus time and the velocity versus distance gradients within the runner, minimizes or eliminates the clearance between the runner and runner housing, and maximizes the size of the flow passages, all with minimal penalty on turbine efficiency. An existing pump impeller provided the starting point for developing the fish tolerant turbine runner. The Hidrostal pump is a single bladed combined screw/centrifugal pump which has been proven to transport fish with minimal injury. The focus of the ARL/NREC research project was to develop a new runner geometry which is effective in downstream fish passage and hydroelectric power generation. A flow of 1,000 cfs and a head in the range of 75 ft to 100 ft were selected for conceptual design of the new runner. Conceptual design of the new runner began with a re-evaluation of studies which have been previously conducted to identify probable sources of injury to fish passing through hydraulic turbines. Criteria relative to hydraulic characteristics which are favorable for fish passage were prepared based on a reassessment of the available information. Important criteria used to develop the new runner design included low pressure change rates, minimum absolute pressures, and minimum shear. Other criteria which are reflected in the runner design are a minimum number of blades (only two), minimum total length of leading edges, and large flow passages. 86 figs., 5 tabs.

  1. Modeling of Wind Turbines Based on Doubly-Fed Induction Generators for Power System Stability Studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Istvan Erlich; JÖrg Kretschmann; Jens Fortmann; Stephan Mueller-Engelhardt; Holger Wrede

    2007-01-01

    This paper deals with modeling of the doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) and the corresponding converter for stability studies. To enable efficient computation, a reduced-order DFIG model is developed that restricts the calculation to the fundamental frequency component. However, the model enhancement introduced in this paper allows the consideration of the alternating components of the rotor current as well, which is

  2. Analysis of the outer electromagnetic shield of a superconducting turbine-generator

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Casinovi; G. Cistriani; G. M. Veca

    1982-01-01

    With reference to a superconductive synchronous generator the iron losses in the outer shield are evaluated, using the vector potential algorithm and the Poisson-like equation. The numerical results are compared with those obtained by means of a results are compared with those obtained by means of a finite elements program. The temperature distribution in the shield is determined. The thickness

  3. SHORT TERM PREDICTIONS FOR THE POWER OUTPUT OF ENSEMBLES OF WIND TURBINES AND PV-GENERATORS

    E-print Network

    Heinemann, Detlev

    market there is a need for a forecast of the power production of wind and solar generators with time market there will be a need for an accurate short term forecast of the respective power flow. We present subject. 2. RELEVANCE OF POWER PRODUCTION FORECASTS OF WIND AND SOLAR INSTALLATIONS First, the relevance

  4. Practical on-line partial discharge tests for turbine generators and motors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. R. Campbell; G. C. Stone; H. G. Sedding; G. S. Klempner; W. McDermid; R. G. Bussey

    1994-01-01

    Several utilities have found partial discharge testing to be very useful for identifying motors or generators with deteriorated stator winding insulation. Such partial discharge tests are sensitive to problems associated with overheated insulation, loose stator bars, and pollution, all of which can cause in-service failures with long associated outages and high repair\\/rewind costs. Unfortunately, the partial discharge test is not

  5. Getting round the lock-in in electricity generating systems: the example of the gas turbine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jorge Islas

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to show how, in a situation of “lock-in” in the environment of electricity generation, a new technology can succeed in overcoming this situation and become competitive. Our study will show that it is possible to get round the lock-in by bringing into play the increasing returns of adoption in particular production niches, where the

  6. 5th International Meeting Wind Turbine Noise

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 5th International Meeting on Wind Turbine Noise Denver 28 ­ 30 August 2013 Wind Turbine Noise Broadband noise generated aerodynamically is the dominant noise source for a modern wind turbine(Brooks et, clean energy. While profiting from wind energy, the noise produced by a modern wind turbine becomes

  7. Combined Heat and Power Plant Steam Turbine

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    Combined Heat and Power Plant Steam Turbine Steam Turbine Chiller Campus Heat Load Steam (recovered waste heat) Gas Turbine University Substation High Pressure Natural Gas Campus Electric Load Southern Generator Heat Recovery Alternative Uses: 1. Campus heating load 2. Steam turbine chiller to campus cooling

  8. Three-Dimensional Measurements of Fuel Distribution in High-Pressure, High- Temperature, Next-Generation Aviation Gas Turbine Combustors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hicks, Yolanda R.; Locke, Randy J.; Anderson, Robert C.; Zaller, Michelle M.

    1998-01-01

    In our world-class, optically accessible combustion facility at the NASA Lewis Research Center, we have developed the unique capability of making three-dimensional fuel distribution measurements of aviation gas turbine fuel injectors at actual operating conditions. These measurements are made in situ at the actual operating temperatures and pressures using the JP-grade fuels of candidate next-generation advanced aircraft engines for the High Speed Research (HSR) and Advanced Subsonics Technology (AST) programs. The inlet temperature and pressure ranges used thus far are 300 to 1100 F and 80 to 250 psia. With these data, we can obtain the injector spray angles, the fuel mass distributions of liquid and vapor, the degree of fuel vaporization, and the degree to which fuel has been consumed. The data have been used to diagnose the performance of injectors designed both in-house and by major U.S. engine manufacturers and to design new fuel injectors with overall engine performance goals of increased efficiency and reduced environmental impact. Mie scattering is used to visualize the liquid fuel, and laser-induced fluorescence is used to visualize both liquid and fuel vapor.

  9. Hydraulic control system for lock-up clutch of torque converter

    SciTech Connect

    Ideta, Y.

    1986-10-21

    A hydraulic control system is described for an automatic transmission of an automotive vehicle having an engine, comprising: a pump driven by the engine to discharge hydraulic fluid; a torque converter including a torque converter cavity, an impeller, and a turbine which are disposed in the torque converter cavity, the torque converter including a lock-up clutch which has a lock-up clutch piston movably disposed within the torque converter cavity to divide same into a lock-up release chamber and a working chamber in which the impeller and the turbine are disposed; a line pressure regulator valve connected to the pump to regulate the hydraulic fluid discharged by the pump and generate a line pressure. The line pressure regulator valve has a port and includes a means for establishing a fluid communication path between the port and the pump when the line pressure is higher than a predetermined value to allow a portion of the hydraulic fluid discharged by the oil pump to flow to the port; means communicating with the port for effecting fluid supply to the lock-up release chamber and the working chamber; and means for establishing a restricted flow communication path between the port and the pump when the line pressure is less than the predetermined value.

  10. A simplified propeller turbine runner design for stand alone micro-hydro power generation units

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. M. Demetriades; A. A. Williams; N. P. A. Smith

    1996-01-01

    In most developing countries, the vast majority of potential micro-hydro power generation sites, i.e. with power outputs up to 100kW, are found in areas with high rainfall or extensive irrigation works with small canal drops. These sites, where the available head does not exceed 5m, are usually referred to as low head sites. The present paper introduces a simplified design

  11. Rotor-mounted scanning of stators in hydro and turbine-drive generators

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas L. Churchill; James S. Edmonds; C. W. Burns

    1991-01-01

    Comprehensive rotor-mounted scanning of hydrogenerator stators has attained commercial status on the basis of prototype development and extensive beta-site testing on four generators and two pumped-storage units ranging in capacity from 22 to 450 MVA. Thermal, RFI, acoustic, air-gap, magnetic, and rotor vibration sensors are monitored in real-time to provide early warning of impending failures. Resulting data are continuously processed

  12. Control of a dynamic brake to reduce turbine-generator shaft transient torques

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. K. Donnelly; J. R. Smith; R. M. Johnson; J. F. Hauer; R. W. Brush; R. Adapa

    1993-01-01

    A resistive, thyristor-controlled brake is used to damp transient torques in large thermoelectric generators supplying series-compensated transmission lines. Emphasis is placed on developing a suitable control algorithm and testing the algorithm through a wide variety of different operating configurations. Discrete-level generalized predictive control (GPC) is examined as one possible approach to optimal control of the brake. Some problems with implementation

  13. Wind turbine

    SciTech Connect

    Yeoman, D.R.

    1987-03-24

    A wind turbine is described comprising: a vertical axis rotor assembly coupled to a rotatable drive shaft for driving electrical power generating means; first wind deflector means mounted on the wind turbine normally positioned generally upwind and to one side of the rotor assembly for initially deflecting wind current into the rotor assembly and second wind deflector means mounted on the wind turbine normally positioned on another side of the rotor assembly to redirect the initially deflected wind current into the rotor assembly. The first and second wind deflector means are normally spaced from each other by a certain inter-deflector spacing; mounting means for mounting the first and second wind deflector means in the normal positions, the mounting means including an outer shaft through which the drive shaft extends and which is normally fixed with respect thereto. The outer shaft has an upwardly facing circumferentially extending shoulder formed therein including a first shoulder portion extending around a major portion of the circumference of the outer shaft and a pair of upwardly sloping portions which reet at an apex.

  14. Analysis of variable-frequency currents superimposed on DC currents in asynchronous HVDC Links in stressing turbine-generator-exciter shafts

    SciTech Connect

    Hammons, T.J.; Bremner, J.J. [Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Glasgow (United Kingdom)

    1995-03-01

    Ripple currents on the DC side of both HVDC asynchronous and synchronous Links can excite in some circumstances onerous torsional vibrations in large steam generator shafts. The problem has assumed importance in recent months on account of the HVDC Link between Scotland and Northern Ireland going ahead, on account of the proposed Eire/Wales Link, because AC/DC/AC couplers are to be installed to interconnect the East and West European Grid Systems, and because resonances have been observed on machines in close proximity to AC/DCIAC couplers and HVDC Links. This paper discusses and analyses excitation of shaft torsional vibrations in steam turbine-generator-exciter shafts in close proximity to HVDC converter stations by variable-frequency ripple currents superimposed on DC currents in asynchronous Links. It presents technical knowledge not arranged for convenient reference heretofore in studying possible excitation of turbine-generator-v/ exciter shaft torsional vibrations by non-characteristic HVDC converter harmonic currents if a machine should be considered to be at risk. Shaft torques in multi-machine networks are evaluated by proportioning HVDC Link disturbance currents to each machine at risk using system network data, generator data and fault analysis data considering frequency dependence of the system parameters. This scaling factor is calculated for different scenarios of system operation and load. Equivalent circuits for the synchronous generator are employed appropriately to correlate HVDC Link disturbance current impressed on the generator stator with s state torque excitation from which magnitude of turbine-generator-exciter shaft torque is deduced.

  15. Analysis of the outer electromagnetic shield of a superconducting turbine-generator

    SciTech Connect

    Casinovi, G.; Cistriani, G.; Veca, G.M.

    1982-03-01

    With reference to a superconductive synchronous generator the iron losses in the outer shield are evaluated, using the vector potential algorithm and the Poisson-like equation. The numerical results are compared with those obtained by means of a results are compared with those obtained by means of a finite elements program. The temperature distribution in the shield is determined. The thickness of the iron yoke is optimized introducing another conductive cylinder outside it. The optimization is done with reference to the overall Joule losses in the shielding system. 7 refs.

  16. Sound measurements and observations of the MOD-OA wind turbine generator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shepherd, K. P.; Hubbard, H. H.

    1982-01-01

    Sound measurements are reported for a wind velocity of about 5 m/s and a power output of about 70 kW. Both broadband and narrowband data were obtained for a range of distances and azimuth angles from the machine. Both discrete frequency and broadband components were identified. Loading harmonics at multiples of the blade passage frequency and electrical generator harmonics at multiples of the shaft speed dominated the spectrum below 100 Hz. The 10,000 Hz peak is believed to be of mechanical origin in the nacelle and the other arises from blade aerodynamic sources. Aural detection distances of about 525 m upwind and 850 downwind were observed.

  17. MOD-2 wind turbine farm stability study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hinrichsen, E. N.

    1980-01-01

    The dynamics of single and multiple 2.5 ME, Boeing MOD-2 wind turbine generators (WTGs) connected to utility power systems were investigated. The analysis was based on digital simulation. Both time response and frequency response methods were used. The dynamics of this type of WTG are characterized by two torsional modes, a low frequency 'shaft' mode below 1 Hz and an 'electrical' mode at 3-5 Hz. High turbine inertia and low torsional stiffness between turbine and generator are inherent features. Turbine control is based on electrical power, not turbine speed as in conventional utility turbine generators. Multi-machine dynamics differ very little from single machine dynamics.

  18. Hydraulic characteristics of straight conical diffusers of hydropower plants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Ya. Karelin; N. V. Gromik; V. V. Volshanik

    1987-01-01

    This article constructs a parametric model for the hydraulic behavior of diffusers used in the intake and turbine regions of hydroelectric plants with the aim of optimizing their design efficiency, hydraulic throughput, and dimensions according to the various demands placed on them by different regions of the plant as well as by the overall size and output of the plant

  19. 7 CFR 3201.107 - Water turbine bearing oils.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    Lubricants that are specifically formulated for use in the bearings found in water turbines for electric power generation. Previously designated turbine drip oils are used to lubricate bearings of shaft driven water well turbine pumps. (b) Minimum biobased...

  20. An integrated system combining chemical looping hydrogen generation process and solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine cycle for power production with CO2 capture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Shiyi; Xue, Zhipeng; Wang, Dong; Xiang, Wenguo

    2012-10-01

    In this paper, the solid oxide fuel cell/gas turbine (SOFC/GT) cycle is integrated with coal gasification and chemical looping hydrogen generation (CLHG) for electric power production with CO2 capture. The CLHG-SOFC/GT plant is configurated and the schematic process is modeled using Aspen Plus® software. Syngas, produced by coal gasification, is converted to hydrogen with CO2 separation through a three-reactors CLHG process. Hydrogen is then fueled to SOFC for power generation. The unreacted hydrogen from SOFC burns in a combustor and drives gas turbine. The heat of the gas turbine exhaust stream is recovered in HRSG for steam bottoming cycle. At a system pressure of 20 bar and a cell temperature of 900 °C, the CLHG-SOFC/GT plant has a net power efficiency of 43.53% with no CO2 emissions. The hybrid power plant performance is attractive because of high energy conversion efficiency and zero-CO2-emission. Key parameters that influence the system performance are also discussed, including system operating pressure, cell temperature, fuel utilization factor, steam reactor temperature, CO2 expander exhaust pressure and inlet gas preheating.

  1. The effect of deposits on the tubes of a horizontal steam generator on its thermal-hydraulic characteristics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yur'ev, Yu. S.; Luk'yanov, A. A.; Smykov, V. B.

    2007-12-01

    Analytical relations are obtained for estimating how the distributions of temperature and heat flux vary along a steam-generating tube and how the steam-generator power output reduces due to formation and accumulation of deposits.

  2. Hydraulic hoist system for offshore cranes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. C. Doan; W. A. Featherstone

    1982-01-01

    A problem of hydraulic hoist systems for cranes has been the generation of heat within the hydraulic circuit. The generation of heat affects efficiency and performance. This paper describes our approach to obtaining improved efficiency and good performance by reduced heat generation.

  3. March 24, 1999 Hydraulics, CIET 3132

    E-print Network

    Bowen, James D.

    Test No. 2 March 24, 1999 Hydraulics, CIET 3132 Spring 1999, Bowen Page 1jdb_260.wpd Test Format solutions to test and hand in package · start at 10:00, end at 11:00, Wednesday, March 24, 1998 1. Flow in Closed Conduits (32 points) Water runs from an upper reservoir, through a turbine, to a lower reservoir

  4. Power links with Ireland -- Excitation of turbine-generator shaft torsional vibrations by variable frequency currents superimposed on DC currents in asynchronous HVDC links

    SciTech Connect

    Hammons, T.J.; Tay, B.W.; Kok, K.L. [Glasgow Univ. (United Kingdom)] [Glasgow Univ. (United Kingdom)

    1995-08-01

    The paper describes an in-depth analysis of excitation of shaft torsional vibrations in steam-turbine-generator-exciter shafts in close proximity to HVDC converter stations by variable-frequency ripple currents superimposed on the DC currents in asynchronous Links. It extends earlier work to include an in depth analysis of system scaling factors for harmonic currents impressed on generators in Northern Ireland by an inverter and to investigate the phenomena for possible torsional vibrations in the generators by the Link. Frequencies at which shaft torsional vibrations would be excited by modulation product harmonics in 50Hz/50Hz asynchronous Links as a function of deviation in system frequency is reviewed. Relative noncharacteristic current levels for 50Hz/50Hz connectors are illustrated assuming ripple currents at the inverter which gives realistic harmonic voltages in a twelve-pulse bridge. The paper then shows that torques in machines in multi-machine networks may be estimated by proportioning HVDC link harmonic disturbance current appropriately to each machine at risk. It is concluded that variable-frequency ripple currents superimposed on the DC current in asynchronous links can excite sympathetic torsional vibrations in turbine-generator-exciter shafts.

  5. Wind turbine acoustics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hubbard, Harvey H.; Shepherd, Kevin P.

    1990-01-01

    Available information on the physical characteristics of the noise generated by wind turbines is summarized, with example sound pressure time histories, narrow- and broadband frequency spectra, and noise radiation patterns. Reviewed are noise measurement standards, analysis technology, and a method of characterizing wind turbine noise. Prediction methods are given for both low-frequency rotational harmonics and broadband noise components. Also included are atmospheric propagation data showing the effects of distance and refraction by wind shear. Human perception thresholds, based on laboratory and field tests, are given. Building vibration analysis methods are summarized. The bibliography of this report lists technical publications on all aspects of wind turbine acoustics.

  6. Hydraulic flywheel

    SciTech Connect

    Maxwell, T.J.

    1982-06-22

    A pair of separable sections forming a hollow structure are coupled to a rotatable shaft. Controlled quantities of hydraulic fluid are introduced into the hollow structure through a passageway within the shaft. One of the sections is selectively slidable along the shaft, for release of fluid from within the structure.

  7. Simultaneous hydraulic fracturing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Uhri

    1989-01-01

    A process is described for simultaneous hydraulic fracturing of a hydrocarbonaceous fluid-bearing formation comprising: (a) determining a hydraulic pressure necessary to fracture the formation from at least two wells which penetrate the formation; (b) injecting a hydraulic fracturing fluid into both wells under the determined hydraulic pressure; and (c) applying simultaneously the determined hydraulic pressure to the hydraulic fluid contained

  8. Mod-2 wind turbine system development. Volume 1: Executive summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    The development of the MOD-2 wind turbine through acceptance testing and initial operational evaluation is documented. Pitch control hydraulic system, yaw control system, drive train, electrical power station, control system, operations and maintenance experience, and availability are discussed.

  9. Use of multilayer structures and composite materials for reconstructing the runner pits of turbine-generator units

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Yu. Dmitriev; E. M. Dzyubanov; V. I. Klimovich; S. M. Levina; G. V. Safonov

    1999-01-01

    Experience in operating Kaplan turbines showed that one of the most frequently damaged (and, accordingly, least reliable) elements of the unit is the runner pit (RP), on the lining of which acts a load varying in time. The overhaul period for them on average is 2-4 years (depending on operating time, climatic conditions of the construction site, high head of

  10. Detection of shaft-seal rubbing in large-scale power generation turbines with acoustic emissions. Case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Cooke; D. Roby; G. Hewitt

    2004-01-01

    Rubbing between the central rotor and the surrounding stationary components of machinery such as large-scale turbine units can escalate into severe vibration, resulting in costly damage. Although conventional vibration analysis remains an important condition monitoring technique for diagnosing such rubbing phenomena, the non-destructive measurement of Acoustic Emission (AE) activity at the bearings on such plant is evolving into a viable

  11. Combustion performance test of a new fuel DME to adapt to a gas turbine for power generation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Min Chul Lee; Seok Bin Seo; Jae Hwa Chung; Yong Jin Joo; Dal Hong Ahn

    2008-01-01

    Recently, DME (dimethyl ether, CH3OCH3) has attracted a great deal of attention as an alternative fuel owing to its easy transportation and cleanliness. This study was conducted to verify the combustion performance and to identify potential problems when DME is fueled to a gas turbine. Combustion tests were conducted by comparing DME with methane, which is a major component of

  12. HIGH-TEMPERATURE HEAT AND POWER GENERATION USING A PARTIAL OXIDATION GAS TURBINE : APPLICATION TO AN ANNEALING FURNACE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    François Desmaré; G. Heyen

    A stainless steel annealing furnace, operating at temperatures in the order of 1150°C, has been modelled using BELSIM Vali III software, based on manufacturer' s data. The operation of such a unit requires both fuel gas for firing and electricity to drive fans. Integration of a partial oxidation gas turbine is discussed. Such a machine can process the fuel gas

  13. Electrokinetic high pressure hydraulic system

    DOEpatents

    Paul, Phillip H. (Livermore, CA); Rakestraw, David J. (Fremont, CA)

    2000-01-01

    A compact high pressure hydraulic pump having no moving mechanical parts for converting electric potential to hydraulic force. The electrokinetic pump, which can generate hydraulic pressures greater than 2500 psi, can be employed to compress a fluid, either liquid or gas, and manipulate fluid flow. The pump is particularly useful for capillary-base systems. By combining the electrokinetic pump with a housing having chambers separated by a flexible member, fluid flow, including high pressure fluids, is controlled by the application of an electric potential, that can vary with time.

  14. OTEC ammonia turbine design study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. H. Kostors; S. P. Vincent

    1979-01-01

    The design of an ammonia turbine generator for OTEC which uses high-performance state-of-the-art hardware is presented. Turbine aerodynamic performance was calculated using a modification of the Ainley and Mathieson (1951) pressure loss method to determine thermodynamic conditions at various locations within the turbine for a given geometry on the basis of mass flow continuity. It is found that the optimum

  15. ATHOS3: a computer program for thermal-hydraulic analysis of steam generators. Volume 1. Mathematical and physical models and method of solution

    SciTech Connect

    Keeton, L.W.; Singhal, A.K.; Srikantiah, G.S.

    1986-07-01

    The mathematical and physical models as well as the method of solution are presented for ATHOS3. ATHOS3 is a computer code for three-dimensional, steady-state and transient analyses of PWR steam generators. It has been developed by upgrading an earlier code, ATHOS (Analysis of the Thermal Hydraulics of Steam Generators). Both ATHOS and ATHOS3 have been developed by CHAM of North America, Inc., under the contract RP1066-1 from the Electric Power Research Institute. ATHOS3 supercedes ATHOS and all other intermediate versions of the code. ATHOS3 has several additional capabilities, including a much improved and generalized geometry pre-processor module, and has been developed in a fully upwards-compatible manner from the predecessor ATHOS code. For the convenience of new users, the ATHOS3 code is documented in four self-contained volumes, i.e. no reference to the earlier ATHOS volumes is necessary. Furthermore, for the benefit of old (i.e. ATHOS code) users, it may be stated that the new (ATHOS3) documentation has been produced by updating and modifying the earlier documentation.

  16. Evaluating the Performance of Two Marine Hydrokinetic Turbines in a Tandem-Array Configuration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beninati, M. L.; Soliani, G.; Krane, M. H.; Fontaine, A. A.

    2014-12-01

    This laboratory study centers on the interaction of two model marine hydrokinetic devices arranged in a stream-wise tandem configuration. The goal is to determine the effect of an upstream turbine on the performance of the downstream turbine. Specifically, this study focuses on the changes in power generation that occur as the stream-wise spacing between devices is varied. Understanding the interaction between laboratory scaled marine hydrokinetic devices is a necessary step prior to field deployment. This study analyzes multiple aspects of the research problem to provide a global overview on the interaction between two devices. Testing was conducted in the hydraulic flume facility (9.8 m long, 1.2 m wide and 0.4 m deep) at Bucknell University. The devices were two-bladed model marine turbines with a rotor diameter of 0.1 m. Tests were performed for a fixed range of separation distances between the two devices. For each separation distance, thrust and generated power of both devices was measured. Moreover, the velocity profile and turbulence intensity incident on the downstream device was determined for each case. Results demonstrated that the performance of a downstream device was affected by the presence of the upstream turbine. The evolution of the wake velocity was strongly related to the power generation levels of the downstream marine hydrokinetic device. Results depicted that an ideal separation distance exists between devices such that the power generation and performance of the downstream marine hydrokinetic device are maximized.

  17. Radial turbine cooling

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roelke, Richard J.

    1992-01-01

    Radial turbines have been used extensively in many applications including small ground based electrical power generators, automotive engine turbochargers and aircraft auxiliary power units. In all of these applications the turbine inlet temperature is limited to a value commensurate with the material strength limitations and life requirements of uncooled metal rotors. To take advantage of all the benefits that higher temperatures offer, such as increased turbine specific power output or higher cycle thermal efficiency, requires improved high temperature materials and/or blade cooling. Extensive research is on-going to advance the material properties of high temperature superalloys as well as composite materials including ceramics. The use of ceramics with their high temperature potential and low cost is particularly appealing for radial turbines. However until these programs reach fruition the only way to make significant step increases beyond the present material temperature barriers is to cool the radial blading.

  18. Make Your Own Wind Turbine

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Museum of American History

    2012-06-26

    In this activity, learners create a wind turbine model using a simple pattern, a thumbtack, and a pencil with an eraser. After constructing the model, learners blow on the wind turbine to simulate the wind. Use this activity to introduce alternative energy and electricity generation.

  19. MOD-2 wind turbine development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gordon, L. H.; Andrews, J. S.; Zimmerman, D. K.

    1983-01-01

    The development of the Mod-2 turbine, designed to achieve a cost of electricity for the 100th production unit that will be competitive with conventional electric power generation is discussed. The Mod-2 wind turbine system (WTS) background, project flow, and a chronology of events and problem areas leading to Mod-2 acceptance are addressed. The role of the participating utility during site preparation, turbine erection and testing, remote operation, and routine operation and maintenance activity is reviewed. The technical areas discussed pertain to system performance, loads, and controls. Research and technical development of multimegawatt turbines is summarized.

  20. Development of a more fish tolerant turbine runner advanced hydropower turbine project. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Cook, T.C.; Hecker, G.E. [Worcester Polytechnic Inst., Holden, MA (United States). Alden Research Lab.; Faulkner, H.B.; Jansen, W. [Northern Research and Engineering Corp., Cambridge, MA (United States)

    1997-01-01

    The Hidrostal pump is a single bladed combined screw/centrifugal pump which has been proven to transport fish with minimal injury. The focus of the ARL/NREC research project was to develop a new runner geometry which is effective in downstream fish passage and hydroelectric power generation. A flow of 1,000 cfs and a head in the range of 75 ft to 100 ft were selected for conceptual design of the new runner. Criteria relative to hydraulic characteristics which are favorable for fish passage were prepared based on a reassessment of the available information. Important criteria used to develop the new runner design included low pressure change rates, minimum absolute pressures, and minimum shear. Other criteria which are reflected in the runner design are a minimum number of blades (only two), minimum total length of leading edges, and large flow passages. Flow characteristics of the new runner were analyzed using two- dimensional and three-dimensional Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) models. The basic runner geometry was initially selected using the two-dimensional model. The three-dimensional model was used to investigate the flow characteristics in detail through the entire runner and to refine the design by eliminating potential problem areas at the leading and trailing edges. Results of the analyses indicated that the runner has characteristics which should provide safe fish passage with an overall power efficiency of approximately 90%. The size of the new runner, which is larger than conventional turbine runners with the same design flow and head, will provide engineering, fabrication, and installation.challenges related to the turbine components and the civil works. A small reduction in the overall efficiency would reduce the size of the runner considerably, would simplify the turbine manufacturing operations, and would allow installation of the new turbine at more hydroelectric sites.

  1. MODELING OF HYDRO-PNEUMATIC ENERGY STORAGE USING PUMP TURBINES

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of delivered power and energy capacities. Hydraulic storage or compressed air energy storage (CAES) can be used-turbine to displace a virtual liquid piston for air compression (Figure 1). A dynamic model of the storage system. It is based upon air compression storage using a hydraulic drive, which allows relatively high conversion

  2. 77 FR 3514 - Protection Against Turbine Missiles

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-24

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC or Commission) is issuing a revision to Regulatory Guide 1.115, ``Protection Against Turbine Missiles.'' This guide describes methods acceptable to the NRC staff for protecting safety-related structures, systems, and components against missiles resulting from turbine failure by the appropriate orientation and placement of the turbine-generator set, the......

  3. Variable speed wind turbine control system

    SciTech Connect

    Conley, E.

    1981-08-01

    Variable speed wind turbine operation is discussed for potential increased energy production if the turbine rotor is controlled to operate at constant blade tip speed to wind speed ratio. Two variable speed control systems are compared to a constant speed control system during field tests of a 5m Darrieus type wind turbine generator. 6 refs.

  4. Hydraulic servo system increases accuracy in fatigue testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dixon, G. V.; Kibler, K. S.

    1967-01-01

    Hydraulic servo system increases accuracy in applying fatigue loading to a specimen under test. An error sensing electronic control loop, coupled to the hydraulic proportional closed loop cyclic force generator, provides an accurately controlled peak force to the specimen.

  5. Hydraulic clutch

    SciTech Connect

    Ohkubo, M.

    1986-11-18

    This patent describes a hydraulic clutch comprising: an input member, an output member rotatable coaxially with the input member; friction means provided between the input and output members for selectively engaging and disengaging the members from each other; an annular hydraulic piston slidably mounted on one of the members for selectively actuating the friction means, and having an axially directed back face and an annular coned disc spring interposed between the piston and the friction means, the spring having a radially inner peripheral end, a radially outer peripheral end, and a piston-contacting portion radially intermediate inner and outer peripheral ends. The inner peripheral end is supported on the piston-mounting member at a position apart from the piston, the spring having a cross-sectional shape such that the piston contacting portion is axially closest to the back face of the piston relative to both the inner peripheral end and the outer peripheral end. The piston-contacting portion move gradually radially outwardly with increasing contact pressure by the piston.

  6. Candidate wind-turbine generator site cumulative meteorological data summary and data for January 1982 through September 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Sandusky, W.F.; Buck, J.W.; Renne, D.S.; Hadley, D.L.; Abbey, O.B.; Bradymire, S.L.; Gregory, J.L.

    1983-08-01

    Summarized cumulative hourly meteorological data for 20 new sites selected in early 1980 as part of the expanded candidate site program are presented. The reporting period is July 1980 through September 1982. The data collection program at some individual sites may not span this entire period, but will be contained within the reporting period. The purpose of providing the summarized data is to document the data collection program and to provide data that could be considered representative of longer-term meteorological conditions at each site. For each site, data are given in eight tables and in a topographic map showing the approximated location of the meteorological tower and turbine, if applicable. Use of the information from these tables, along with information about specific wind turbines, should allow the user to estimate the potential for longer-term average wind energy production at each site. Two appendices of other data are provided. Appendix A contains summarized data collected at new and original sites during the period January 1982 through September 1982. Appendix B contains cumulative summarized data for those original sites selected in 1976 with data collection programs continuing into 1982.

  7. Frequency control and wind turbine technologies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gillian Lalor; Alan Mullane; Mark O'Malley

    2005-01-01

    Increasing levels of wind generation has resulted in an urgent need for the assessment of their impact on frequency control of power systems. Whereas increased system inertia is intrinsically linked to the addition of synchronous generation to power systems, due to differing electromechanical characteristics, this inherent link is not present in wind turbine generators. Regardless of wind turbine technology, the

  8. Development of New Remaining Life Estimation Method for Main Parts of Hydro-Turbine in Hydro Electric Power Station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yanagawa, Takuya; Kaneko, Masahiko; Iida, Isamu; Fujiwara, Riki

    2010-06-01

    This paper describes a newly developed method to predict the remaining life on long-operated ageing parts, such as spiral case and stay vane of the Hydraulic turbine. We propose a new remaining life estimation method by stress intensity factor of the crack tip for main parts of hydraulic turbine.

  9. A NEW GAS TURBINE ENGINE CONCEPT FOR ELECTRICITY

    E-print Network

    A NEW GAS TURBINE ENGINE CONCEPT FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION WITH INCREASED EFFICIENCY AND POWER REPORT (FAR) A NEW GAS TURBINE ENGINE CONCEPT FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION WITH INCREASED EFFICIENCY://www.energy.ca.gov/research/index.html. #12;Page 1 A New Gas Turbine Engine Concept For Electricity Generation With Increased

  10. Lubricant analysis for gas turbine condition monitoring

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Lukas; D. P. Anderson

    1997-01-01

    Analysis of used lubricating oil is a fast-evolving technique for predictive maintenance with any closed-loop lubricating system such as those in gas and steam turbines, diesel and gasoline engines, transmissions, gearboxes, compressors, pumps, bearings, and hydraulic systems. Based on analysis of periodic oil samples, a laboratory diagnostic report is sent to the personnel responsible for the equipment to warn of

  11. Industrial Turbine Fans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1980-01-01

    Westinghouse Corp. & R &D Center's development of blades of an advanced controllable-pitch axial fan used in electrical power generation was aided by four computer programs supplied by COSMIC. Programs helped determine sensitivity of large industrial turbines and fans to particular matter such as dust and ash which can cause erosion. Programs also helped substantially reduce developmental costs.

  12. Controlling steam temperature to turbines

    SciTech Connect

    Anson, D.

    1982-01-26

    An entrained bed combustor may provide constant temperature, superheated steam to a power generating steam turbine independent of the load on the turbine. In a conventional utility boiler heat is transferred in series to the steam generator, superheater and reheater. With the present invention these components may be run in parallel with heat transfer from the entrained bed particles enabling faster start-up and a turn-down capability without a reduction in the superheated steam temperature.

  13. Space Shuttle Upgrades Advanced Hydraulic Power System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    Three Auxiliary Power Units (APU) on the Space Shuttle Orbiter each provide 145 hp shaft power to a hydraulic pump which outputs 3000 psi hydraulic fluid to 41 hydraulic actuators. A hydrazine fuel powered APU utilized throughout the Shuttle program has undergone many improvements, but concerns remain with flight safety, operational cost, critical failure modes, and hydrazine related hazards. The advanced hydraulic power system (AHPS), also known as the electric APU, is being evaluated as an upgrade to replace the hydrazine APU. The AHPS replaces the high-speed turbine and hydrazine fuel supply system with a battery power supply and electric motor/pump that converts 300 volt electrical power to 3000 psi hydraulic power. AHPS upgrade benefits include elimination of toxic hydrazine propellant to improve flight safety, reduction in hazardous ground processing operations, and improved reliability. Development of this upgrade provides many interesting challenges and includes development of four hardware elements that comprise the AHPS system: Battery - The battery provides a high voltage supply of power using lithium ion cells. This is a large battery that must provide 28 kilowatt hours of energy over 99 minutes of operation at 300 volts with a peak power of 130 kilowatts for three seconds. High Voltage Power Distribution and Control (PD&C) - The PD&C distributes electric power from the battery to the EHDU. This 300 volt system includes wiring and components necessary to distribute power and provide fault current protection. Electro-Hydraulic Drive Unit (EHDU) - The EHDU converts electric input power to hydraulic output power. The EHDU must provide over 90 kilowatts of stable, output hydraulic power at 3000 psi with high efficiency and rapid response time. Cooling System - The cooling system provides thermal control of the Orbiter hydraulic fluid and EHDU electronic components. Symposium presentation will provide an overview of the AHPS upgrade, descriptions of the four hardware elements, and a summary of development results to date.

  14. Comparison of 5th order and 3rd order machine models for doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. B. Ekanayake; L. Holdsworth; N. Jenkins

    2003-01-01

    With increasing concern over climate change, a number of countries have implemented new renewable energy targets, which require significant amounts of wind generation. It is now recognized that much of this new wind generation plant will be variable speed type using doubly fed induction generators (DFIG). In order to investigate the impacts of these DFIG installations on the operation and

  15. Vertical axis wind turbine

    SciTech Connect

    Kutcher, H.R.

    1984-05-15

    A Darrieus-type vertical axis wind turbine is disclosed which includes a vertically extending rotor tube mounted on a support structure with two or three rotor blades of troposkein configuration on the rotor tube for rotating the tube in response to wind energy and thereby drive a generator to produce electrical power. The turbine includes an erection hinge which permits assembly of the rotor tube and blades at close to ground level followed by upward hinging of the rotor assembly to a vertical position. It also includes a system for automatically lubricating the top bearing upon erection and a system for visually tensioning the guy cables.

  16. 12. DETAIL VIEW OF GENERATOR BAY, GENERATOR ROOM, SHOWING TURBINEGENERATOR ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    12. DETAIL VIEW OF GENERATOR BAY, GENERATOR ROOM, SHOWING TURBINE-GENERATOR DRIVE SHAFT IN FOREGROUND, ACCESS BULKHEAD TO TURBINE IN BACKGROUND - Nine Mile Hydroelectric Development, Powerhouse, State Highway 291 along Spokane River, Nine Mile Falls, Spokane County, WA

  17. Composite hydraulic system

    SciTech Connect

    Williamson, W.A.

    1987-03-17

    A composite hydraulic system is described for a work vehicle having an implement hydraulic circuit and a steering hydraulic circuit comprising a first pump which supplies the implement hydraulic circuit primarily, a second pump which supplies the steering hydraulic circuit primarily, a third pump which is operable also as a motor and which transfers hydraulic fluid between the implement and the steering hydraulic circuits, an engine which operates the three pumps simultaneously, and servo system means whereby the third pump under at least one condition of operation operates as a motor to provide regeneration.

  18. Reply to Davies: Hydraulic fracturing remains a possible mechanism for

    E-print Network

    Jackson, Robert B.

    LETTER Reply to Davies: Hydraulic fracturing remains a possible mechanism for observed methane in aquifers overlying the Marcellus formation but asserts that we prematurely ascribed its cause to hydraulic mechanisms were leaky gas well casings and the possibility that hydraulic fracturing might generate new

  19. 36 SEPTEMBER | 2012 WiNd TURbiNE CAPACiTY

    E-print Network

    Kusiak, Andrew

    36 SEPTEMBER | 2012 WiNd TURbiNE CAPACiTY FRONTiER FROM SCAdA ThE WORld hAS SEEN A significant contributor to this growth. The wind turbine generated energy depends on the wind potential and the turbine of wind turbines. Supervi- sory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems record wind turbine

  20. Parametric study of turbine systems for compressed air energy storage plants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. S. Kim; G. T. Kartsounes

    1978-01-01

    A parametric study of possible turbine systems for compressed air energy storage plants was made. The plant considered is divided into four subsystems: (1) a turbine system; (2) compressor system; (3) reversible motor\\/generator; and (4) an underground air storage reservoir. The turbine system comprises a high pressure gas turbine, a low pressure gas turbine, two combustors, and a recuperator. The