Sample records for hyperplasia impact index

  1. Association between prostatic resistive index and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Baykam, Mehmet Murat; Aktas, Binhan Kagan; Bulut, Suleyman; Ozden, Cuneyt; Deren, Tagmac; Tagci, Suleyman; Gokkaya, Cevdet Serkan; Memis, Ali

    2015-04-01

    We evaluated the relationship between prostatic resistive index (RI) and cardiovascular system (CVS) risk factors in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. The study included 120 patients who were attending our outpatient clinic with lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia. The clinical, laboratory, anthropometric data, and CVS risk factors (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, history of CVS events, and smoking) of the patients were evaluated regarding the association between prostate RI level by regression analyses. The prostatic RI levels of the patients were measured using power Doppler imaging. In univariate regression analysis, there were statistically significant relationships between prostatic RI levels and the patients' age, International Prostate Symptom Score, hip circumference, fasting blood glucose, prostate specific antigen, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total prostate volume, uroflowmetric maximal flow rate, and all investigated CVS risk factors (p < 0.05). The prostatic RI levels were found to be associated with fasting blood glucose and total prostate volume, and also with CVS risk factors including only metabolic syndrome and cigarette smoking in the multivariate regression analysis. Our results showed that prostatic RI level is significantly related to metabolic syndrome and smoking among the investigated CVS risk factors. PMID:25835275

  2. The Impact of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Surgical Treatment with Turp Method on the Quality of Life

    PubMed Central

    Milicevic, Snjezana

    2011-01-01

    Introduction/Objective Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a gold treatment method in older men who develop lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) which are caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and benign prostatic obstruction (BPO). The objective of the study was to assess the impact of BPH surgical treatment with TURP method on the quality of life, as a consequence of urinary symptoms. Material and methods The research material was based on 40 patients who, due to BPH, were treated with the method of transurethral resection. International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) was used in the research i.e. question Nº 8 that relates to the quality of life, as a consequence of the urinary symptoms. The criteria for the patients to be selected for this type of BPH surgical treatment were good general status of the patient, age under 80, the weight of benign prostatic gland hyperplasia tissue 30–80 grams, postvoid residual urine (PVR) higher than 150 ml, IPSS value >19 points, and Index of Quality of Life (IQL) values > 3 points. All patients, first preoperatively, and then postoperatively, gave answers to IPSS IQL in time intervals of 4, 8 and 12 weeks. Results Difference testing of IQL arithmetic means (AM) between results before the operation, then during the first, second and third checkup was performed with the t-test and Wilcoxon test of equivalent pairs, and has shown that there is a highly statistically significant difference between preoperative values and the values during all the postoperative checkups. Taking into consideration the age subgroups (20 patients between 59 and 69 years and 20 patients between 70 and 80 years), difference testing of arithmetic means between results before the operation and first, second and third checkup, isolated, for each age subgroup, was carried out. It has demonstrated that there is a statistically significant difference between preoperative values and values during all postoperative checkups. Difference testing of arithmetic means between the stated age groups has also been conducted. The t-test and Mann-Whitney test have been used for this purpose and have shown that there is no statistically significant difference between preoperative test results and the results during all postoperative checkups. Conclusion The quality of life, as a consequence of urinary symptoms, has significantly improved after the BPH treatment with TURP method. The impact of TURP on the quality of life is not related to age i.e. TURP is equally efficient regardless of patient’s age. PMID:23407383

  3. Drug-induced gingival hyperplasia and scaffolds: they may be valuable for horizontal food impaction.

    PubMed

    Du, Huali; Gao, Mingying; Qi, Congcong; Liu, Shaochen; Lin, Yinghe

    2010-06-01

    Food impaction is a severe clinical trouble that bothers most people especially middle aged and old people. It is reported that the rate of food impaction is 92.2%. The incidence of 40-59 years old is 98.9%. It is a disease of high prevalence in population. It has influenced people's social intercourse and everyday life because it may cause halitosis, gingivalitis, periodontitis, gingival abscess, alveolar bone absorption, root caries, eventually lead to severe results from teeth loose to deletion and so on. Several reasons are involved with food impaction such as gingival recession, periodontal disease, caries, age, excessive attrition, etc. Food impaction can be divided into two kinds: vertical and horizontal food impaction. At present, there are some clinical methods such as crown or dental filling for vertical one, but horizontal food impaction is still difficult to deal with. Though some methods are being adopted like making crowns and removable obstructers, the problems have never been settled effectively for the injury to teeth and inconvenience of these treatments. Here we put forward a hypothesis that periodontal tissues can regenerate much the same as normal situation by way of using drug to induce gingiva hyperplasia initiatively and implanting scaffolds. Then horizontal food impaction will be cured when the interproximal clearance is filled with periodontal tissues. It will bring the patient hope. PMID:20172659

  4. Pituitary Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eva Horvath; Kalman Kovacs; Bernd W. Scheithauer

    1999-01-01

    Comprehensive article summarizing more than 25 years of experience with pituitary hyperplasia in surgical material. Morphologic forms of hyperplasiadiffuse and nodularare defined and, for comparison, the normal morphology, frequency and intraglandular distribution of cell types are briefly reviewed. All cell types can give rise to hyperplasia, although their frequency, extent and clinical importance widely vary. Somatotroph hyperplasia is rare; it

  5. Exendin-4 shows no effects on the prostatic index in high-fat-diet-fed rat with benign prostatic hyperplasia by improving insulin resistance.

    PubMed

    Zheng, J-X; Xiao, Y-C; Hu, Y-R; Hao, M; Kuang, H-Y

    2015-03-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a prevalent disease globally, and accumulating evidence has indicated an association between BPH, insulin resistance (IR) and diabetes. Exendin-4 is widely used in clinics, which could enhance the proliferation of pancreatic ? cells. The ability of exendin-4 to promote tumorigenesis has been of concern, and whether exendin-4 would enhance the propagation of BPH is not fully understood. We aimed to determine whether glucagon-like peptide-1 receptors (GLP-1Rs) were expressed in rat prostate and to determine the effect of exendin-4 on prostate of BPH. Male Wistar rats were used and assigned to six groups: normal diet (ND), high-fat diet (HFD), HFD + exendin-4, HFD + BPH, HFD + BPH + exendin-4 and HFD + BPH + rosiglitazone group. After castration, steroids were injected subcutaneously for 4 weeks to induce BPH. Rats were kept on high-fat diet to induce IR. Treatment groups were treated with exendin-4 and rosiglitazone. Prostatic index and HOMA-IR index were used to evaluate the prostatic hyperplasia status and the degree of IR respectively. The expression of GLP-1R was indicated not only by immunohistochemistry, but also by Western blot analysis. The expression of GLP-1R was significantly higher, and HOMA-IR index and body weight significantly decreased after administration of exendin-4. However, no significant differences in the prostatic index were observed between exendin-4 treatment groups and non-exendin-4 treatment groups. Prostatic index was not influenced by exendin-4 maybe by improving IR and weight loss. PMID:24605934

  6. Impact of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Pharmacological Treatment on Transrectal Prostate Biopsy Adverse Effects

    PubMed Central

    Falcone, Ciro Eduardo; Amstalden Neto, Arnaldo; Moretti, Tomás Bernardo Costa; Magna, Luis Alberto; Denardi, Fernandes; Reis, Leonardo Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Background. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) pharmacological treatment may promote a decrease in prostate vascularization and bladder neck relaxation with theoretical improvement in prostate biopsy morbidity, though never explored in the literature. Methods. Among 242 consecutive unselected patients who underwent prostate biopsy, after excluding those with history of prostate biopsy/surgery or using medications not for BPH, we studied 190 patients. On the 15th day after procedure patients were questioned about symptoms lasting over a week and classified according to pharmacological BPH treatment. Results. Thirty-three patients (17%) were using alpha-blocker exclusively, five (3%) 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor exclusively, twelve (6%) patients used both medications, and 140 (74%) patients used none. There was no difference in regard to age among groups (P = 0.5). Postbiopsy adverse effects occurred as follows: hematuria 96 (50%), hematospermia 53 (28%), hematochezia 22 (12%), urethrorrhagia 19 (10%), fever 5 (3%), and pain 20 (10%). There was a significant negative correlation between postbiopsy hematuria and BPH pharmacological treatment with stronger correlation for combined use of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor and alpha-blocker over 6 months (P = 0.0027). Conclusion. BPH pharmacological treatment, mainly combined for at least 6 months seems to protect against prostate biopsy adverse effects. Future studies are necessary to confirm our novel results. PMID:24876834

  7. Impact of Treatment With Statins on Prostate-Specific Antigen and Prostate Volume in Patients With Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Sang Hun; Park, Tae Ju; Bae, Min Ho; Choi, Sung Ho; Cho, Young Sam; Joo, Kwan Joong; Kwon, Chil Hun

    2013-01-01

    Purpose We investigated the impact on prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and prostate volume (PV) of statin medication for 1 year in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Materials and Methods We retrospectively investigated 791 patients in whom BPH was diagnosed. For analysis, the patients were divided into four groups according to their medications: group A, ?-blocker; group B, ?-blocker+statin; group C, ?-blocker+dutasteride; group D, ?-blockers+statin+dutasteride. To investigate changes in serum PSA, PV, and total cholesterol, we analyzed the data at the time of initial treatment and after 1 year of medication. Results After 1 year, group A showed a 1.3% increase in PSA and a 1.0% increase in PV. Group B showed a 4.3% decrease in PSA and a 1.8% decrease in PV. The difference in PV reduction between groups A and B was statistically significant (p<0.001). Group C showed a 49.1% reduction in PSA and a 22.9% reduction in PV. Group D showed a 51.6% reduction in PSA and a 24.5% reduction in PV. The difference in PV reduction between groups C and D was not statistically significant (p=0.762). By use of a multivariate logistic regression model, we found that the probability of PV reduction after 1 year was more than 14.8 times in statin users than in statin nonusers (95% confidence interval, 5.8% to 37.6%; p<0.001). Conclusions Statin administration reduced PSA and PV in BPH patients. This finding may imply the improvement of lower urinary tract symptoms and prevention of cardiovascular disease and chemoprevention of prostate cancer with statin treatment. PMID:24255756

  8. The validation of a novel index assessing canine impactions

    PubMed Central

    Kau, Chung How; Lee, John J.; Souccar, Nada M.

    2013-01-01

    Aim: The aims of this study are to determine the level of agreement of orthodontists in the management of impacted maxillary canines and test this agreement against a novel three-dimensional (3D) classification system (KPG index). Materials and Methods: A total of 55 clinicians evaluated 18 impacted maxillary canines of variable complexity. For each case, they used a panoramic and maxillary standard occlusal radiographs derived from cone beam computed tomography. Clinicians were asked to rate each canine in one of four categories: Easy, moderate, difficult and extremely difficult. The obtained scores were tabulated and compared with a novel index rating the difficulty of canine impactions. Statistical package for the social science 17.0 was used to analyze the datasets and the kappa score was used to determine levels of agreement. Results: The kappa score was 0.437. The levels of agreement in the novel index and the clinician scoring were as follows; easy (62.73%), moderate (60.59%), difficult (61.80%) and extremely difficult (72.72%). Conclusions: The following conclusions can be drawn from this study: (1) Clinicians are variable in rating the complexity of canine impactions using traditional radiographic techniques. (2) The novel index shows a good level of agreement with the clinician's perception of difficulty in orthodontic cases especially at the extremes of the spectrum. (3) This index based on the 3D coordinates of the spatial arrangement of the canine may be incorporated into clinical practice. PMID:24932112

  9. ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF P-INDEX IMPLEMENTATION IN PENNSYLVANIA

    E-print Network

    Guiltinan, Mark

    ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF P-INDEX IMPLEMENTATION IN PENNSYLVANIA PHASE II PROJECT REPORT Submitted to: Pennsylvania State Conservation Commission Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture 2301 North, and Doug Beegle Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 116 ASI University

  10. Adrenal medullary hyperplasia. Hyperplasia-pheochromocytoma sequence.

    PubMed

    Kurihara, K; Mizuseki, K; Kondo, T; Ohoka, H; Mannami, M; Kawai, K

    1990-09-01

    We present a case of unilateral adrenal medullary hyperplasia in a 63-year-old woman with clinical signs and symptoms of pheochromocytoma unassociated with multiple endocrine neoplasia. The surgically removed adrenal gland revealed diffuse medullary hyperplasia with multiple micronodules measuring up to 2 mm. The micronodules were composed of enlarged chromaffin cells with atypia, histologically similar to those of pheochromocytoma, forming small solid alveolar patterns separated by a fibrovascular stroma. Removal of the hyperplastic adrenal gland resulted in disappearance of paroxysmal nocturnal hypertension and palpitation. These results suggest that diffuse and nodular medullary hyperplasia is the precursor of pheochromocytoma. PMID:2260475

  11. Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) - resources

    MedlinePLUS

    Resources - benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); Prostate enlargement resources; BPH resources ... following organizations provide information on benign prostatic hyperplasia ( prostate enlargement ): National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse - ...

  12. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia.

    PubMed

    Endo, M; Shibata, M; Iwamoto, I; Suzuki, H; Hayakawa, M

    1998-01-01

    We report a case of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE). Histologically, some vessels were lined with plump endothelial cells. Infiltration by lymphocytes, histiocytes and eosinophils was marked. An arteriovenous malformation and vessels occluded by endothelial cell hyperplasia were present. PCNA staining gave positive results for the nuclei of many of the plump endothelial cells. Electron-microscopic findings disclosed increased metabolic activity in the cells. These observations suggest that the plump endothelial cells, characteristic of ALHE, have high metabolic activity. These results suggest that blood flow is increased by arteriovenous malformations and that blood pressure is elevated by occlusion, resulting in hyperplasia of plump endothelial cells and accelerated neovascularization. PMID:9649692

  13. Developing an efficient macrofauna monitoring index from an impact study — A dredge spoil example

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rodney D Roberts; Murray R Gregory; Brian A Foster

    1998-01-01

    Data from an initial impact study were used to develop a labour-efficient index for biological monitoring of dredge spoil disposal. Each of 12 indicator species was assigned a score, based primarily on the ratio of its abundance in control vs impacted samples. The ‘Index’ value was the average score of those indicator species present in the sample. The Index was

  14. Evaluating Journal Quality: Is the H-Index a Better Measure than Impact Factors?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodge, David R.; Lacasse, Jeffrey R.

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: This study evaluates the utility of a new measure--the h-index--that may provide a more valid approach to evaluating journal quality in the social work profession. Method: H-index values are compared with Thomson ISI 5-year impact factors and expert opinion. Results: As hypothesized, the h-index correlates highly with ISI 5-year impact

  15. Index of Alien Impact: A method for evaluating potential ecological impact of alien plant species

    EPA Science Inventory

    Alien plant species are stressors to ecosystems and indicators of reduced ecosystem integrity. The magnitude of the stress reflects not only the quantity of aliens present, but also the quality of their interactions with native ecosystems. We develop an Index of Alien Impact (IAI...

  16. Comparative analysis between impact factor and h-index for pharmacology and psychiatry journals

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Comparative analysis between impact factor and h-index for pharmacology and psychiatry journals window (2006)), IF 2006 was compared with h-index 2006 for two samples of "Pharmacology and Pharmacy-index is high for Psychiatry but lower for Pharmacology. The linearity test performed between the h-index and 1

  17. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    MedlinePLUS

    ... virilism Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (classic or nonclassic) CAH 21-hydroxylase deficiency Last Updated Date: 07/31/2013 Last Reviewed Date: 07/09/2013 Related A-Z Topics Adrenal Gland Disorders Cushing Syndrome Women's Health NICHD ...

  18. Contribution of Endothelial Injury and Inflammation in Early Phase to Vein Graft Failure: The Causal Factors Impact on the Development of Intimal Hyperplasia in Murine Models

    PubMed Central

    Tseng, Chi-Nan; Karlöf, Eva; Chang, Ya-Ting; Lengquist, Mariette; Rotzius, Pierre; Berggren, Per-Olof; Hedin, Ulf; Eriksson, Einar E.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Autologous veins are preferred conduits in by-pass surgery. However, long-term results are hampered by limited patency due to intimal hyperplasia. Although mechanisms involved in development of intimal hyperplasia have been established, the role of inflammatory processes is still unclear. Here, we studied leukocyte recruitment and intimal hyperplasia in inferior vena cava grafts transferred to abdominal aorta in mice. Methods and Results Several microscopic techniques were used to study endothelium denudation and regeneration and leukocyte recruitment on endothelium. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated denudation of vein graft endothelium 7 days post-transfer and complete endothelial regeneration by 28 days. Examination of vein grafts transferred to mice transgenic for green fluorescent protein under Tie2 promoter in endothelial cells showed regeneration of graft endothelium from the adjacent aorta. Intravital microscopy revealed recruitment of leukocytes in vein grafts at 7 days in wild type mice, which had tapered off by 28 days. At 28 and 63 days there was significant development of intimal hyperplasia. In contrast; no injury, leukocyte recruitment nor intimal hyperplasia occurred in arterial grafts. Leukocyte recruitment was reduced in vein grafts in mice deficient in E- and P-selectin. In parallel, intimal hyperplasia was reduced in vein grafts in mice deficient in E- and P-selectin and in wild type mice receiving P-selectin/E-selectin function-blocking antibodies. Conclusion The results show that early phase endothelial injury and inflammation are crucial processes in intimal hyperplasia in murine vein grafts. The data implicate endothelial selectins as targets for intervention of vein graft disease. PMID:24887332

  19. A neurodegenerative vascular burden index and the impact on cognition.

    PubMed

    Heinzel, Sebastian; Liepelt-Scarfone, Inga; Roeben, Benjamin; Nasi-Kordhishti, Isabella; Suenkel, Ulrike; Wurster, Isabel; Brockmann, Kathrin; Fritsche, Andreas; Niebler, Raphael; Metzger, Florian G; Eschweiler, Gerhard W; Fallgatter, Andreas J; Maetzler, Walter; Berg, Daniela

    2014-01-01

    A wide range of vascular burden factors has been identified to impact vascular function and structure as indicated by carotid intima-media thickness (IMT). On the basis of their impact on IMT, vascular factors may be selected and clustered in a vascular burden index (VBI). Since many vascular factors increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a multifactorial neurodegenerative VBI may be related to early pathological processes in AD and cognitive decline in its preclinical stages. We investigated an elderly cohort at risk for neurodegeneration (TREND study, n?=?1102) for the multifactorial influence of vascular burden factors on IMT measured by ultrasound. To create a VBI for this cohort, vascular factors and their definitions (considering medical history, medication, and/or blood marker data) were selected based on their statistical effects on IMT in multiple regressions including age and sex. The impact of the VBI on cognitive performance was assessed using the Trail-Making Test (TMT) and the consortium to establish a registry for Alzheimer's disease (CERAD) neuropsychological battery. IMT was significantly predicted by age (standardized ??=?0.26), sex (0.09; males?>?females) and the factors included in the VBI: obesity (0.18), hypertension (0.14), smoking (0.08), diabetes (0.07), and atherosclerosis (0.05), whereas other cardiovascular diseases or hypercholesterolemia were not significant. Individuals with 2 or more VBI factors compared to individuals without had an odds ratio of 3.17 regarding overly increased IMT ( ??1.0?mm). The VBI showed an impact on executive control [log(TMT B-A), p?=?0.047] and a trend toward decreased global cognitive function (CERAD total score, p?=?0.057) independent of age, sex, and education. A VBI established on the basis of IMT may help to identify individuals with overly increased vascular burden linked to decreased cognitive function indicating neurodegenerative processes. The longitudinal study of this risk cohort will reveal the value of the VBI as prodromal marker for cognitive decline and AD. PMID:25071568

  20. A Neurodegenerative Vascular Burden Index and the Impact on Cognition

    PubMed Central

    Heinzel, Sebastian; Liepelt-Scarfone, Inga; Roeben, Benjamin; Nasi-Kordhishti, Isabella; Suenkel, Ulrike; Wurster, Isabel; Brockmann, Kathrin; Fritsche, Andreas; Niebler, Raphael; Metzger, Florian G.; Eschweiler, Gerhard W.; Fallgatter, Andreas J.; Maetzler, Walter; Berg, Daniela

    2014-01-01

    A wide range of vascular burden factors has been identified to impact vascular function and structure as indicated by carotid intima–media thickness (IMT). On the basis of their impact on IMT, vascular factors may be selected and clustered in a vascular burden index (VBI). Since many vascular factors increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), a multifactorial neurodegenerative VBI may be related to early pathological processes in AD and cognitive decline in its preclinical stages. We investigated an elderly cohort at risk for neurodegeneration (TREND study, n?=?1102) for the multifactorial influence of vascular burden factors on IMT measured by ultrasound. To create a VBI for this cohort, vascular factors and their definitions (considering medical history, medication, and/or blood marker data) were selected based on their statistical effects on IMT in multiple regressions including age and sex. The impact of the VBI on cognitive performance was assessed using the Trail-Making Test (TMT) and the consortium to establish a registry for Alzheimer’s disease (CERAD) neuropsychological battery. IMT was significantly predicted by age (standardized ??=?0.26), sex (0.09; males?>?females) and the factors included in the VBI: obesity (0.18), hypertension (0.14), smoking (0.08), diabetes (0.07), and atherosclerosis (0.05), whereas other cardiovascular diseases or hypercholesterolemia were not significant. Individuals with 2 or more VBI factors compared to individuals without had an odds ratio of 3.17 regarding overly increased IMT ( ??1.0?mm). The VBI showed an impact on executive control [log(TMT B?A), p?=?0.047] and a trend toward decreased global cognitive function (CERAD total score, p?=?0.057) independent of age, sex, and education. A VBI established on the basis of IMT may help to identify individuals with overly increased vascular burden linked to decreased cognitive function indicating neurodegenerative processes. The longitudinal study of this risk cohort will reveal the value of the VBI as prodromal marker for cognitive decline and AD. PMID:25071568

  1. Comparative analysis between impact factor and h-index for psychiatry Pascal Badora,*

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Comparative analysis between impact factor and h-index for psychiatry journals Pascal Badora (journal h-index) applied to a sample of psychiatry journals and compared to IF. Method: In order of psychiatry. We studied the statistical correlation between the IF 2006 and h- index 2006. Results

  2. Saw Palmetto for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Bent; Christopher Kane; Katsuto Shinohara; John Neuhaus; Esther S. Hudes; Harley Goldberg; Andrew L. Avins

    2006-01-01

    In this double-blind trial, we randomly assigned 225 men over the age of 49 years who had moderate-to-severe symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia to one year of treatment with saw palmetto extract (160 mg twice a day) or placebo. The pri- mary outcome measures were changes in the scores on the American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUASI) and the maximal

  3. ERDCTR-12-10 Index of Available Research on Military Impacts

    E-print Network

    Fehmi, Jeffrey S.

    ERDCTR-12-10 Index of Available Research on Military Impacts Optimal Allocation of Land Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. #12;#12;ERDC TR-12-10 June 2012 Index of Available at the installation level that characterize suitability of lands for mission use, the impact of vehicle activity

  4. Cytokine Expression Pattern in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Infiltrating T Cells and Impact of Lymphocytic Infiltration on Cytokine mRNA Profile in Prostatic Tissue

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Georg E Steiner; Ursula Stix; Alessandra Handisurya; Martin Willheim; Andrea Haitel; Franz Reithmayr; Doris Paikl; Rupert C Ecker; Kristian Hrachowitz; Gero Kramer; Chung Lee; Michael Marberger

    2003-01-01

    The aim of the study is to characterize the type of immune response in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) tissue. BPH tissue–derived T cells (n = 10) were isolated, activated (PMA + ionomycin), and analyzed for intracellular reactivity with anti–IFN-? and IL-2, -4, -5, -6, -10, and -13, as well as TNF-? and -? by four-color flow cytometry. Lymphokine release was

  5. Congenital hemifacial hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Antoniades, K; Letsis, I; Karakasis, D

    1988-08-01

    A case of true hemifacial hyperplasia is described. This is an unusual condition which produces facial asymmetry by a marked, unilateral, localised overgrowth of all the tissues in the affected area, including, the facial soft tissues, bones and teeth. The patient is an eight-year-old Caucasian girl with congenital hemihyperplasia of the right side of her face. PMID:3166970

  6. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia

    PubMed Central

    Chitrapu, Prathyusha; Patel, Mahir; Readinger, Allison

    2014-01-01

    A patient with multiple erythematous nodules on her posterior scalp presented to our dermatology clinic. Biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia. The etiology of this disorder is unclear. Several cases have been treated in the past with complete surgical excision, although the recurrence rate remains relatively high. PMID:25484503

  7. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

    MedlinePLUS

    ... or inappropriately). Congenital adrenal hyperplasia can affect both boys and girls. About 1 in 10,000 to 18,000 ... penis but normal testes Well-developed muscles Both boys and girls will be tall as children but much shorter ...

  8. The Impact of Body Mass Index on Heterotopic Ossification

    SciTech Connect

    Mourad, Waleed Fouad, E-mail: Waleed246@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY (Israel); Department of Radiation Oncology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, Bronx, NY (United States); Packianathan, Satya [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Shourbaji, Rania A. [Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS (United States); Zhang Zhen; Graves, Mathew [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Khan, Majid A. [Department of Radiology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Baird, Michael C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Russell, George [Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States); Vijayakumar, Srinivasan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS (United States)

    2012-04-01

    Purpose: To analyze the impact of different body mass index (BMI) as a surrogate marker for heterotopic ossification (HO) in patients who underwent surgical repair (SR) for displaced acetabular fractures (DAF) followed by radiation therapy (RT). Methods and Materials: This is a single-institution retrospective study of 395 patients. All patients underwent SR for DAF followed by RT {+-} indomethacin. All patients received postoperative RT, 7 Gy, within 72 h. The patients were separated into four groups based on their BMI: <18.5, 18.5-24.9, 25-29.9, and >30. The end point of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of RT {+-} indomethacin in preventing HO in patients with different BMI. Results: Analysis of BMI showed an increasing incidence of HO with increasing BMI: <18.5, (0%) 0/6 patients; 18.5-24.9 (6%), 6 of 105 patients developed HO; 25-29.9 (19%), 22 of 117; >30 (31%), 51 of 167. Chi-square and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the correlation between odds of HO and BMI is significant, p < 0.0001. As the BMI increased, the risk of HO and Brooker Classes 3, 4 HO increased. The risk of developing HO is 1.0 Multiplication-Sign (10%) more likely among those with higher BMI compared with those with lower BMI. For a one-unit increase in BMI the log odds of HO increases by 1.0, 95% CI (1.06-1.14). Chi-square test shows no significant difference among all other factors and HO (e.g., indomethacin, race, gender). Conclusions: Despite similar surgical treatment and prophylactic measures (RT {+-} indomethacin), the risk of HO appears to significantly increase in patients with higher BMI after DAF. Higher single-fraction doses or multiple fractions and/or combination therapy with nonsteroidal inflammatory drugs may be of greater benefit to these patients.

  9. The Nonclassic Adrenal Hyperplasias

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Didier Dewailly; Ricardo Azziz

    Nonclassic adrenal hyperplasia (NCAH) resulting from 11?-hydroxylase or 3?-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase is very rare and may\\u000a not even exist in women presenting with hyperandrogenism in adulthood. Consequently, screening for these disorders in hyperandrogenic\\u000a patients is not generally necessary. Alternatively, 21-hydroxylase (21-OH)-deficient NCAH has been increasingly recognized\\u000a in adolescent or adult hyperandrogenic patients. It is now widely accepted that neither clinical presentation

  10. Index of alien impact: a method for evaluating potential ecological impact of alien plant species.

    PubMed

    Magee, Teresa K; Ringold, Paul L; Bollman, Michael A; Ernst, Ted L

    2010-04-01

    Alien plant species are stressors to ecosystems and indicators of reduced ecosystem integrity. The magnitude of the stress reflects not only the quantity of aliens present, but also the quality of their interactions with native ecosystems. We develop an Index of Alien Impact (IAI) to estimate the collective ecological impact of in situ alien species. IAI summarizes the frequency of occurrence and potential ecological impact (Invasiveness-Impact Score (I ( i ))) of individual alien species for all aliens present in a particular location or community type. A component metric, I (i), is based on ecological species traits (life history, ecological amplitude, and ability to alter ecosystem processes) that reflect mechanisms, which can increase impact to ecosystem structure and function. While I (i) is less complex than some other multi-metric rankings of alien impact, it compares well to these metrics and to qualitative judgments. IAI can be adapted for different ecological settings by modifying the set of species traits incorporated in I (i) to reflect properties likely to breach biotic and abiotic barriers or alter ecosystem function in a particular region or community type of interest. To demonstrate our approach, we created versions of IAI and I (i), applicable to the diverse streamside vegetation of a river basin (19,631 km(2)) spanning low-elevation arid to mesic montane habitats in eastern Oregon, USA. In this demonstration effort, we (1) evaluate relationships of IAI to metrics describing invasion level, and (2) illustrate the potential utility of IAI for prioritizing alien species management activities and informing restoration goals. PMID:20140674

  11. Index of Alien Impact: A Method for Evaluating Potential Ecological Impact of Alien Plant Species

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Magee, Teresa K.; Ringold, Paul L.; Bollman, Michael A.; Ernst, Ted L.

    2010-04-01

    Alien plant species are stressors to ecosystems and indicators of reduced ecosystem integrity. The magnitude of the stress reflects not only the quantity of aliens present, but also the quality of their interactions with native ecosystems. We develop an Index of Alien Impact ( IAI) to estimate the collective ecological impact of in situ alien species. IAI summarizes the frequency of occurrence and potential ecological impact ( Invasiveness-Impact Score ( I i )) of individual alien species for all aliens present in a particular location or community type. A component metric, I i , is based on ecological species traits (life history, ecological amplitude, and ability to alter ecosystem processes) that reflect mechanisms, which can increase impact to ecosystem structure and function. While I i is less complex than some other multi-metric rankings of alien impact, it compares well to these metrics and to qualitative judgments. IAI can be adapted for different ecological settings by modifying the set of species traits incorporated in I i to reflect properties likely to breach biotic and abiotic barriers or alter ecosystem function in a particular region or community type of interest. To demonstrate our approach, we created versions of IAI and I i , applicable to the diverse streamside vegetation of a river basin (19,631 km2) spanning low-elevation arid to mesic montane habitats in eastern Oregon, USA. In this demonstration effort, we (1) evaluate relationships of IAI to metrics describing invasion level, and (2) illustrate the potential utility of IAI for prioritizing alien species management activities and informing restoration goals.

  12. Evaluation of distributed hydrologic impacts of temperature-index and energy-based snow models

    E-print Network

    Dozier, Jeff

    Evaluation of distributed hydrologic impacts of temperature-index and energy-based snow models Accepted 13 March 2013 Available online 26 March 2013 Keywords: Snow Energy-balance Temperature that both the Isnobal energy-balance and calibrated temperature-index methods adequately reproduce snow

  13. Clinical impact of body mass index on bactibilia and bacteremia

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between obesity and infected bile or bacteremia in patients with acute calculous cholecystitis. Methods Authors analyzed the medical records of 139 patients who had undergone cholecystectomy for the treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis from January 2007 to June 2013 in a single teaching hospital. Association of body mass index (BMI) with bactibilia and bacteremia was assessed using univariate and multivariate analysis. Clinical findings and biliary infection related data were recorded for the following variables: gender, age, alcohol and smoking history, the results of blood and bile cultures, cholesterolosis, diabetes, hypertension, and duration of the hospital stay. Results The microbial culture rate of bactibilia and bacteremia were 50.4% and 21.6%, respectively. In the univariate analysis, bacteremia was associated with bactibilia (OR: 4.33, p?=?0.002). In the multivariate analysis for the risk factors of bactibilia, BMI and bacteremia were related with bactibilia (OR: 0.59, 95% CI: 0.42-0.84, p?=?0.003) (OR: 3.32, 95% CI: 1.22-9, p?=?0.02). In the multivariate analysis for the risk factors of bacteremia, BMI, bactibilia and age were related with bacteremia (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.59-0.99, p?=?0.04) (OR: 3.46, 95% CI: 1.27-9.45, p?=?0.02) (OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 1.01-1.09, p?=?0.02). Conclusion In this retrospective study, BMI was inversely correlated with bacteremia or bactibilia, which means obese or overweight patients are less likely to be associated with bacteremia or bactibilia in patients with acute calculous cholecystitis. PMID:24902609

  14. Assessing the impact of the Indian Ocean tsunami on households: a modified domestic assets index approach.

    PubMed

    Arlikatti, Sudha; Peacock, Walter Gillis; Prater, Carla S; Grover, Himanshu; Sekar, Arul S Gnana

    2010-07-01

    This paper offers a potential measurement solution for assessing disaster impacts and subsequent recovery at the household level by using a modified domestic assets index (MDAI) approach. Assessment of the utility of the domestic assets index first proposed by Bates, Killian and Peacock (1984) has been confined to earthquake areas in the Americas and southern Europe. This paper modifies and extends the approach to the Indian sub-continent and to coastal surge hazards utilizing data collected from 1,000 households impacted by the Indian Ocean tsunami (2004) in the Nagapattinam district of south-eastern India. The analyses suggest that the MDAI scale is a reliable and valid measure of household living conditions and is useful in assessing disaster impacts and tracking recovery efforts over time. It can facilitate longitudinal studies, encourage cross-cultural, cross-national comparisons of disaster impacts and inform national and international donors of the itemized monetary losses from disasters at the household level. PMID:20298262

  15. Congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia (lipoid CAH) is the most fatal form of CAH, as it disrupts adrenal and gonadal steroidogenesis. Most cases of lipoid CAH are caused by recessive mutations in the gene encoding steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR). Affected patients typically present with signs of severe adrenal failure in early infancy and 46,XY genetic males are phenotypic females due to disrupted testicular androgen secretion. The StAR p.Q258X mutation accounts for about 70% of affected alleles in most patients of Japanese and Korean ancestry. However, it is more prevalent (92.3%) in the Korean population. Recently, some patients have been showed that they had late and mild clinical findings. These cases and studies constitute a new entity of 'nonclassic lipoid CAH'. The cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, P450scc (CYP11A1), plays an essential role converting cholesterol to pregnenolone. Although progesterone production from the fetally derived placenta is necessary to maintain a pregnancy to term, some patients with P450scc mutations have recently been reported. P450scc mutations can also cause lipoid CAH and establish a recently recognized human endocrine disorder. PMID:25654062

  16. Relative impacts of vegetation coverage and leaf area index on climate change in a greener north

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jing Zhang; John E. Walsh

    2007-01-01

    To identify relative impacts of vegetation coverage and leaf area index (LAI) on climate in a greener north, a set of climate model sensitivity experiments was conducted in which vegetation coverage and\\/or LAI were increased over the land poleward of 60°N. The simulation results indicate that an increase in vegetation coverage makes a significant contribution to surface warming, while increasing

  17. Ambulatory Arterial Stiffness Index in Turner Syndrome: The Impact of Sex Hormone Replacement Therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kristian H. Mortensen; Klavs W. Hansen; Mogens Erlandsen; Jens S. Christiansen; Claus H. Gravholt

    2009-01-01

    Background: Morbidity and mortality from congenital and acquired cardiovascular (CV) disease is increased in Turner syndrome (TS), where traditional indices of CV risk are widely present but the single most common feature remains estrogen deficiency. Aim: To investigate CV risk in TS as expressed by the widely available ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) and the impact of female sex hormone

  18. A STATEWIDE ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACTS OF P-INDEX IMPLEMENTATION IN PENNSYLVANIA

    E-print Network

    Guiltinan, Mark

    A STATEWIDE ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACTS OF P-INDEX IMPLEMENTATION IN PENNSYLVANIA (PHASE 1 REPORT) Submitted to: Pennsylvania State Conservation Commission Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture 2301 North Department of Crop and Soil Sciences The Pennsylvania State University, 116 ASI, University Park, PA 16802

  19. Measurement Agreement between Estimates of Aerobic Fitness in Youth: The Impact of Body Mass Index

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint-Maurice, Pedro F.; Welk, Gregory J.; Laurson, Kelly R.; Brown, Dale D.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the agreement between aerobic capacity estimates from different Progressive Aerobic Cardiorespiratory Endurance Run (PACER) equations and the Mile Run Test. Method: The agreement between 2 different tests of aerobic capacity was examined on a large data set…

  20. Pharmacotherapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed Central

    Narayan, P; Indudhara, R

    1994-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a benign neoplasm of the prostate seen in men of advancing age. Microscopic evidence of the disorder is seen in about 70% of men by 70 years of age, whereas symptoms requiring some form of surgical intervention occur in 30% of men during their lifetime. Although the exact cause of benign prostatic hyperplasia is not clear, it is well recognized that high levels of intraprostatic androgens are required for the maintenance of prostatic growth. In recent years, extensive surveys of patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate reveal an 18% incidence of morbidity that has essentially not changed in the past 30 years. This procedure is also the second highest reimbursed surgical therapy under Medicare. These findings have resulted in an intensive search for alternative therapies for prostatic hyperplasia. An alternative that has now been well defined is the use of alpha-adrenergic blockers to relax the prostatic urethra. This is based on findings that a major component of benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms is spasm of the prostatic urethra and bladder neck, which is mediated by the alpha-adrenergic nerves. A second approach is to block androgens involved in maintaining prostate growth. Several such drugs are now available for clinical use, and we discuss their side effects and use. We also include the newer recommendations on evaluating benign prostatic hyperplasia that are cost-effective yet comprehensive. Images PMID:7528957

  1. The Social Media Index: Measuring the Impact of Emergency Medicine and Critical Care Websites

    PubMed Central

    Thoma, Brent; Sanders, Jason L.; Lin, Michelle; Paterson, Quinten S.; Steeg, Jordon; Chan, Teresa M.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The number of educational resources created for emergency medicine and critical care (EMCC) that incorporate social media has increased dramatically. With no way to assess their impact or quality, it is challenging for educators to receive scholarly credit and for learners to identify respected resources. The Social Media index (SMi) was developed to help address this. Methods We used data from social media platforms (Google PageRanks, Alexa Ranks, Facebook Likes, Twitter Followers, and Google+ Followers) for EMCC blogs and podcasts to derive three normalized (ordinal, logarithmic, and raw) formulas. The most statistically robust formula was assessed for 1) temporal stability using repeated measures and website age, and 2) correlation with impact by applying it to EMCC journals and measuring the correlation with known journal impact metrics. Results The logarithmic version of the SMi containing four metrics was the most statistically robust. It correlated significantly with website age (Spearman r=0.372; p<0.001) and repeated measures through seven months (r=0.929; p<0.001). When applied to EMCC journals, it correlated significantly with all impact metrics except number of articles published. The strongest correlations were seen with the Immediacy Index (r=0.609; p<0.001) and Article Influence Score (r=0.608; p<0.001). Conclusion The SMi’s temporal stability and correlation with journal impact factors suggests that it may be a stable indicator of impact for medical education websites. Further study is needed to determine whether impact correlates with quality and how learners and educators can best utilize this tool. PMID:25834664

  2. Are phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors effective for the management of lower urinary symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia?

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Li Tao; Park, Jong Kwan

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To review the efficacy of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) in lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostate hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH). METHODS: A comprehensive research was conducted to identify all publications relating to benign prostate hyperplasia and treatment with sildenafil, vardenafil and tadalafil. To assess the efficacy, the changes in total international prostate symptom score (IPSS), IPSS subscore including voiding, storage and quality of life (QoL), Benign prostatic hyperplasia Impact Index (BII), maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) and the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) were extracted. A meta-analytical technique was used for the analysis of integrated data from the included studies to evaluate the mean difference in the results. RESULTS: Total IPSS score, IIEF and BII showed a significant improvement in trials in which LUTS/BPH with or without erectile dysfunction (ED) were compared with the placebo. For LUTS/BPH, the mean differences of total IPSS score, IIEF and BII are -2.17, 4.88 and -0.43, P < 0.00001, respectively. For LUTS/BPH with comorbid ED, the mean difference are -1.97, 4.54 and -0.52, P < 0.00001, respectively. PDE5-Is appear to improve IPSS storage, voiding and QoL subscore (mean difference = -0.71, -1.23 and -0.33, P < 0.00001, respectively). Although four doses of tadalafil (2.5, 5, 10 and 20 mg) failed to reach significance in Qmax (mean difference = 0.22, P = 0.10), the 5 mg dose of tadalafil significantly improved the Qmax (mean difference = 0.33, P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: PED5-Is demonstrated efficacy for improving LUTS in BPH patients with or without ED and could be considered to be the first line treatment for LUTS/BPH. PMID:25664256

  3. 2011 Impact Factors of JQSRT and its peers Journal ISI Impact Factor* ISI Immediacy Index**

    E-print Network

    2011 Impact Factors of JQSRT and its peers.021 0.698 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 2.895 0.490 Physical Review A 2.878 0.381 Journal of Modern Optics 1.170 0.360 Waves in Random and Complex Media 0.737 0

  4. A comparison of the environmental impact of different AOPs: risk indexes.

    PubMed

    Giménez, Jaime; Bayarri, Bernardí; González, Óscar; Malato, Sixto; Peral, José; Esplugas, Santiago

    2015-01-01

    Today, environmental impact associated with pollution treatment is a matter of great concern. A method is proposed for evaluating environmental risk associated with Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) applied to wastewater treatment. The method is based on the type of pollution (wastewater, solids, air or soil) and on materials and energy consumption. An Environmental Risk Index (E), constructed from numerical criteria provided, is presented for environmental comparison of processes and/or operations. The Operation Environmental Risk Index (EOi) for each of the unit operations involved in the process and the Aspects Environmental Risk Index (EAj) for process conditions were also estimated. Relative indexes were calculated to evaluate the risk of each operation (E/NOP) or aspect (E/NAS) involved in the process, and the percentage of the maximum achievable for each operation and aspect was found. A practical application of the method is presented for two AOPs: photo-Fenton and heterogeneous photocatalysis with suspended TiO2 in Solarbox. The results report the environmental risks associated with each process, so that AOPs tested and the operations involved with them can be compared. PMID:25558859

  5. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with follicular mucinosis.

    PubMed

    Joshi, Rajiv

    2007-01-01

    Follicular mucinosis occurring along with angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophils (ALHE) has been described in a 54-year-old female. The patient presented with pruritic erythematous papules on the left frontoparietal scalp. Histopathological examination showed prominent blood vessels in the dermis lined by plump histiocytoid endothelial cells that were surrounded by a dense lymphoid infiltrate with numerous eosinophils; these findings are typical of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophils. Features of follicular mucinosis were observed in the same section with several hyperplastic follicular infundibula containing pools of mucin in the infundibular epithelium. The concurrent occurrence of these two distinct histopathological patterns in the same biopsy specimen has been described in only three cases to date. PMID:17921619

  6. Phytotherapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Glenn S. Gerber

    2002-01-01

    Phytotherapy has become a more popular treatment option among American men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The most\\u000a popular herbal agent is saw palmetto (Serenoa repens), which is derived from the berry of the American dwarf palm tree. Pygeum africanum and beta-sitosterol are also used by many patients with BPH, either alone or in combination with saw palmetto. A significant

  7. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia involving large arteries.

    PubMed

    Vandy, Frank; Izquierdo, Luis; Liu, Jingxuan; Criado, Enrique

    2008-05-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare vascular proliferative disorder, which most commonly involves the skin of the head and neck regions. Noncutaneous localization of this pathology is unusual, and its primary localization in large arteries presenting as a pulsatile mass is extremely rare. We report here two cases of ALHE manifested as masses of the occipital and brachial artery. ALHE should be considered in the differential diagnosis of localized peripheral arterial masses in young patients. PMID:18455650

  8. Adenomatous hyperplasia of the liver.

    PubMed

    Gindhart, T D; Cimis, R J; Mosenthal, W T; Longnecker, D S

    1979-01-01

    An unusual case of adenomatous hyperplasia of the liver arose spontaneously in an 82-year-old woman. Massive fatal ascites developed during an eight-week period in the absence of cirrhosis. No drug, chemical, or hormone could be identified as the causative agent. Estrogens may play a role as possible promoters in the growth of hepatic tumors. Identifying liver tumors in women that are not associated with oral contraceptive use is valuable. PMID:215102

  9. Development of spatial water resources vulnerability index considering climate change impacts.

    PubMed

    Jun, Kyung Soo; Chung, Eun-Sung; Sung, Jin-Young; Lee, Kil Seong

    2011-11-15

    This study developed a new framework to quantify spatial vulnerability for sustainable water resources management. Four hydrologic vulnerability indices--potential flood damage (PFDC), potential drought damage (PDDC), potential water quality deterioration (PWQDC), and watershed evaluation index (WEIC)--were modified to quantify flood damage, drought damage, water quality deterioration, and overall watershed risk considering the impact of climate change, respectively. The concept of sustainability in the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework was applied in selecting all appropriate indicators (criteria) of climate change impacts. In the examination of climate change, future meteorological data was obtained using CGCM3 (Canadian Global Coupled Model) and SDSM (Statistical Downscaling Model), and future stream run-off and water quality were simulated using HSPF (Hydrological Simulation Program - Fortran). The four modified indices were then calculated using TOPSIS, a multi-attribute method of decision analysis. As a result, the ranking obtained can be changed in consideration of climate change impacts. This study represents a new attempt to quantify hydrologic vulnerability in a manner that takes into account both climate change impacts and the concept of sustainability. PMID:21940039

  10. A new index for the prediction of the indentation of composites under low velocity impact loads

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopresto, V.; Caprino, G.; Leone, C.

    2012-07-01

    The effectiveness of a new empirical model for the prediction of the indentation depth resulting in a glass fibre laminates subjected to a low velocity impact, was verified. CFRP indentation data, drawn from a database, were considered to validate the new model. The advantage of the new model is that the effect of the tup diameter is explicitly accounted for. Furthermore, a single material constant has to be experimentally determined and it can be assumed as an index for the indentation sensitivity. The constant was found similar for GFRP and CFRP laminates denoting independence of constraint conditions, laminate type or laminae orientation and stacking sequence.

  11. Assessment of the Impacts of Rice Cropping through a Soil Quality Index

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sione, S. M.; Wilson, M. G.; Paz González, A.

    2012-04-01

    In Entre Ríos (Argentina), rice cultivation is carried out mainly in Vertisols. Several factors, such as the use of sodium bicarbonate waters for irrigation, the excessive tillage required, and the lack of proper planning for land use, mainly regarding the crop sequence, cause serious impacts on the soil and have an effect on sustainable agriculture. Thus, the development of methodologies to detect these impacts has become a priority. The aim of this study was to standardize soil quality indicators (SQI) and integrate them into an index to evaluate the impacts of the rice production system on soil, at the farm scale. The study was conducted in farms of the traditional rice cultivation area of Entre Ríos province, Argentina. We evaluated a minimum data set consisting of six indicators: structural stability and percolation, total organic matter content (TOM), exchangeable sodium content (ESC), electrical conductivity of saturation extract (ECe) and reaction of the soil (pH). From a database from 75 production lots, we determined the reference values, i.e. limits to ensure the maintenance of long-term productivity and the allowable thresholds for each indicator. The indicators were standardized and integrated into a soil quality index. Five ranges of soil quality were established: very low, low, moderate, high and very high, depending on the values assigned to each SQI. This index allowed differentiating the impact of different crop sequences and showed that the increased participation of rice crop in the rotation resulted in a deterioration of the soil structure due to the decrease in the TOM and to the cumulative increase in ESC caused by the sodium bicarbonate water used for irrigation. Soil management strategies should aim to increase TOM values and to reduce the input of sodium to the exchange complex. A rotation with 50% to 60% of pasture and 40 to 50% of agriculture with a participation of rice lower than 20 to 25% would allow the sustainability of the production system. The use of the so called SQI, i.e. soil quality index, for rice crop production will allow generating early warning of degradation and thus adopting recovery measures.

  12. The fallacy of using NII in analyzing aircraft operations. [Noise Impact Index

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Melton, R. G.; Jacobson, I. D.

    1984-01-01

    Three measures of noise annoyance (Noise Impact Index, Level-Weighted Population, and Annoyed Population Number) are compared, regarding their utility in assessing noise reduction schemes for aircraft operations. While NII is intended to measure the average annoyance per person in a community, it is found that the method of averaging can lead to erroneous conclusions, particularly if the population does not have uniform spatial distribution. Level-Weighted Population and Annoyed Population Number are shown to be better indicators of noise annoyance when rating different strategies for noise reduction in a given community.

  13. Potential Negative Impact of DG on Reliability Index: A Study Based on Time-Domain Modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ran, Xuanchang

    This thesis presents an original insight of the negative impact of distributed generation on reliability index based on dynamic time-domain modeling. Models for essential power system components, such as protective devices and synchronous generators, were developed and tested. A 4 kV distribution loop which carries relatively high power demand was chosen for the analysis. The characteristic curves of all protective devices were extracted from utility database and applied to the time domain relay model. The performance of each device was investigated in details. The negative effect on reliability is due to the fuse opening caused by the installation of DG at the wrong location and inappropriate relay setup. Over 50% of the possible DG locations can produce an undesirable impact. The study conclusion is that there exists a significant potential for the installation of DG to negatively affect the reliability of power systems.

  14. Introducing a conditional 'Willingness to Pay' index as a quantifier for environmental impact assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Batzias, Fragiskos; Kopsidas, Odysseas

    2012-12-01

    The optimal concentration Copt of a pollutant in the environment can be determined as an equilibrium point in the trade off between (i) environmental cost, due to impact on man/ecosystem/economy, and (ii) economic cost for environmental protection, as it can be expressed by Pigouvian tax. These two conflict variables are internalized within the same techno-economic objective function of total cost, which is minimized. In this work, the first conflict variable is represented by a Willingness To Pay (WTP) index. A methodology is developed for the estimation of this index by using fuzzy sets to count for uncertainty. Implementation of this methodology is presented, concerning odor pollution of air round an olive pomace oil mill. The ASTM E544-99 (2004) 'Standard Practice for Referencing Suprathreshold Odor Intensity' has been modified to serve as a basis for testing, while a network of the quality standards, required for the realization/application of this 'Practice', is also presented. Last, sensitivity analysis of Copt as regards the impact of (i) the increase of environmental information/sensitization and (ii) the decrease of interest rate reveals a shifting of Copt to lower and higher values, respectively; certain positive and negative implications (i.e., shifting of Copt to lower and higher values, respectively) caused by socio-economic parameters are also discussed.

  15. A statistical assessment of the impact of land uses on surface water quality indexes.

    PubMed

    Seeboonruang, Uma

    2012-06-30

    The release of wastewater from various land uses is threatening the quality of surface water. Different land uses pose varying degrees of danger to water resources. The hazardous extent of each activity depends on the amount and characteristics of the wastewater. The concept of the contamination potential index (CPI) of an activity is introduced and applied here. The index depends on the quantity of wastewater from a single source and on various chemicals in the waste whose concentrations are above allowable standards. The CPI concept and the land use impact assessment are applied to the surface water conditions in Nakhon Nayok Province in the central region of Thailand. The land uses considered in this study are residential area, industrial zone, in-season and off-season rice farming, and swine and poultry livestock. Multiple linear regression analysis determines the impact of the CPIs of these land uses on certain water quality characteristics, i.e., total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, phosphate, and chloride concentrations, using CPIs and previous water quality measurements. The models are further verified according to the current CPIs and measured concentrations. The results of the backward and forward modeling show that the land uses that affect water quality are off-season rice farming, raising poultry, and residential activity. They demonstrate that total dissolved solids and conductivity are reasonable parameters to apply in the land use assessment. PMID:22406854

  16. Various treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia: A current update

    PubMed Central

    Shrivastava, Alankar; Gupta, Vipin B.

    2012-01-01

    In benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) there will be a sudden impact on overall quality of life of patient. This disease occurs normally at the age of 40 or above and also is associated with sexual dysfunction. Thus, there is a need of update on current medications of this disease. The presented review provides information on medications available for BPH. Phytotherapies with some improvements in BPH are also included. Relevant articles were identified through a search of the English-language literature indexed on MEDLINE, PUBMED, Sciencedirect and the proceedings of scientific meetings. The search terms were BPH, medications for BPH, drugs for BPH, combination therapies for BPH, Phytotherapies for BPH, Ayurveda and BPH, BPH treatments in Ayurveda. Medications including watchful waitings, Alpha one adrenoreceptor blockers, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, combination therapies including tamsulosin-dutasteride, doxazosin-finasteride, terazosin-finasteride, tolterodine-tamsulosin and rofecoxib-finasteride were found. Herbal remedies such as Cernilton, Saxifraga stolonifera, Zi-Shen Pill (ZSP), Orbignya speciosa, Phellodendron amurense, Ganoderma lucidum, Serenoa Repens, pumpkin extract and Lepidium meyenii (Red Maca) have some improvements on BPH are included. Other than these discussions on Ayurvedic medications, TURP and minimally invasive therapies (MITs) are also included. Recent advancements in terms of newly synthesized molecules are also discussed. Specific alpha one adrenoreceptor blockers such as tamsulosin and alfuzosin will remain preferred choice of urologists for symptom relief. Medications with combination therapies are still needs more investigation to establish as preference in initial stage for fast symptom relief reduced prostate growth and obviously reduce need for BPH-related surgery. Due to lack of proper evidence Phytotherapies are not gaining much advantage. MITs and TURP are expensive and are rarely supported by healthcare systems. PMID:22923974

  17. Various treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia: A current update.

    PubMed

    Shrivastava, Alankar; Gupta, Vipin B

    2012-01-01

    In benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) there will be a sudden impact on overall quality of life of patient. This disease occurs normally at the age of 40 or above and also is associated with sexual dysfunction. Thus, there is a need of update on current medications of this disease. The presented review provides information on medications available for BPH. Phytotherapies with some improvements in BPH are also included. Relevant articles were identified through a search of the English-language literature indexed on MEDLINE, PUBMED, Sciencedirect and the proceedings of scientific meetings. The search terms were BPH, medications for BPH, drugs for BPH, combination therapies for BPH, Phytotherapies for BPH, Ayurveda and BPH, BPH treatments in Ayurveda. Medications including watchful waitings, Alpha one adrenoreceptor blockers, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, combination therapies including tamsulosin-dutasteride, doxazosin-finasteride, terazosin-finasteride, tolterodine-tamsulosin and rofecoxib-finasteride were found. Herbal remedies such as Cernilton, Saxifraga stolonifera, Zi-Shen Pill (ZSP), Orbignya speciosa, Phellodendron amurense, Ganoderma lucidum, Serenoa Repens, pumpkin extract and Lepidium meyenii (Red Maca) have some improvements on BPH are included. Other than these discussions on Ayurvedic medications, TURP and minimally invasive therapies (MITs) are also included. Recent advancements in terms of newly synthesized molecules are also discussed. Specific alpha one adrenoreceptor blockers such as tamsulosin and alfuzosin will remain preferred choice of urologists for symptom relief. Medications with combination therapies are still needs more investigation to establish as preference in initial stage for fast symptom relief reduced prostate growth and obviously reduce need for BPH-related surgery. Due to lack of proper evidence Phytotherapies are not gaining much advantage. MITs and TURP are expensive and are rarely supported by healthcare systems. PMID:22923974

  18. Indexes to anticipate negative impacts of heat waves in urban Mediterranean environments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monteiro, A. M.; Carvalho, C. V.; Velho, S. V.; Sousa, C. S.

    2012-04-01

    This study intention is to understand what might be the better indexes to anticipate health deterioration during temperature extreme events in a urban Mediterranean environment like Porto. To do this we look to the effects of the July 2006 Heat Wave using the Heat Index on the Mortality (All Causes) and Morbidity (All Causes, Respiratory and Circulatory diseases) in general, and in people over 74 years and by Gender, in Porto. The Poisson Generalized Additive Regression model was used in order to estimate the impact of Apparent Temperature (Heat Index) and Daily Mortality and Morbidity during the July 2006 Heat Wave. Daily Mortality, Morbidity and Heat Index was correlated with lags of Apparent Temperature up to 7 days using Pearson correlation. For a 1°C increase in mean Apparent Temperature we observed a 2.7% (95%CI:1.7-3.6%) increase in Mortality (for All Causes), 1.7% (95%CI:0.6-2.9%) in Respiratory Morbidity, 2,2% (95%CI:0.4-4.1%) in Women Respiratory Morbidity, 5,4% (95%CI:1.1-6.6%) in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Morbidity and 7,5% (95%CI:1.3-14.1%) in Women Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Morbidity, for the entire population. For people ? 75 years, our work showed a 3,3% increase (95%CI:1.7-5.0%) in Respiratory Morbidity, 2,7% (95%CI:0.4-5.1%) in Men Respiratory Morbidity, 3,9% (95%CI:1.6-6.3%) in Women Respiratory Morbidity, 7.0% (95%CI:1.1-13.2%) in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and 9.0% (95%CI:0.3-18.5%) in Women Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. We conclude that the use of Heat Index in a Mediterranean Tempered Climate enabled the identification of the effects of the July 2006 Heat Wave in Mortality due to All Causes and in Respiratory Morbidity of the General Population, as well as in Respiratory Morbidity of individuals with more than 74 years of age.

  19. Oral verrucous hyperplasia: a case report.

    PubMed

    Navaneetham, Anuradha; Dayanand Saraswathi, M C; Santosh, B S

    2014-09-01

    Oral verrucous hyperplasia is a whitish or pinkinsh elevated pre malignant lesion which occurs rarely. Its is also considered to be an early form of verrucous carcinoma. We have reported a case of verrucous hyperplasia which was diagnosed and treated with buccal fat pad as graft. PMID:25018612

  20. Medical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Chacon; Manoj Monga

    1999-01-01

    The management of benign prostatic hyperplasia has undergone a rapid evolution over the past decade from a surgical emphasis to a medical emphasis. Great strides in the development of a-adrenergic blockers, 5a-reductase inhibitors and a variety of phytotherapeutics have fueled this evolution. This article reviews the past, present and future of the medical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

  1. Proboscis-like Brunner's gland hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Chang, Chen-Wang; Chang, Wen-Hsiung; Shih, Shou-Chuan; Lin, Shee-Chan; Yang, Tsen-Long; Wang, Tsang-En

    2008-10-01

    Hyperplasia of Brunner's glands is a benign lesion discovered incidentally in 2% of upper gastrointestinal endoscopies. An asymptomatic 34-year-old woman had a 12-cm duodenal lesion resembling an elephant's proboscis. It was removed surgically and proved to be Brunner's gland hyperplasia. PMID:18585675

  2. A damage index of indentation sensitivity in low velocity impact conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopresto, V.; Caprino, G.; Leone, C.; Langella, A.

    2014-05-01

    The empirical model recently found [1] for the prediction of the indentation depth was verified for composite laminates different in matrix and fibre subjected to low velocity impact loads. The data obtained in [1] on common glass and carbon fibre laminates made by common epoxy matrix, were here compared to the results obtained on laminates made by glass fibre immersed in phenolic matrix and novel basalt fibre in epoxy resin. The model takes into explicitly account the tup diameter and presents the advantage that only a single material constant to be experimentally determined is necessary for the prediction. The comparison showed that the value of the constant is different for the different material systems analysed so that it can be assumed as an index for the indentation sensitivity.

  3. Cutaneous vascular proliferations. Part II. Hyperplasias and benign neoplasms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luis Requena; Omar P. Sangueza

    1997-01-01

    This second part of our review about vascular proliferations summarizes the clinicopathologic features of the cutaneous vascular hyperplasias and benign neoplasms. Hyperplasias comprise a heterogeneous group of vascular proliferations that eventually show a tendency to regression. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia is included within the group of hyperplasias because of its historical denomination and its reactive nature, probably as a consequence

  4. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia and pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Shorakae, Soulmaz; Teede, Helena

    2013-01-01

    A 32-year-old woman with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) secondary to 21-hydroxylase deficiency presented with infertility. She was treated with different steroid replacement regimens together with fludrocortisone. The aim of this case report is to discuss fertility barriers in women with classical CAH, and emphasise the risks and benefits of available steroid treatment options. Clinical considerations covered include preconception health and fertility planning, optimising fertility through suppression of excess hormone production, reducing fetal androgen exposure in utero and limiting maternal and fetal side effects of therapy and limiting chances of CAH in the baby. In this case suppression of androgen and progesterone levels was challenging but eventually was achieved and resulted in a spontaneous pregnancy. However, she miscarried in the first trimester, and fetal biopsy revealed a complete hydatiform mole. She is advised not to conceive while she is under investigation to determine the extent of the disease. PMID:23917362

  5. [Treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia].

    PubMed

    Harzmann, R; Weckermann, D; Wawroschek, F

    1998-06-01

    Due to innovative pharmacological and endoscopic/interventional concepts of therapy, the strategies of facing the benign prostatic hyperplasia have undergone a significant diversification within the last ten years. In addition to phytotherapeutic drugs, which have been in clinical use for decades, alpha receptor blockers and blockers of DHT-synthesis have gained increasing importance. More or less convincing instrumental competing methods have been developed as an alternative to the transurethral resection of the prostate or the transvesical prostatectomy. Regarding the altered age pyramid structure and decreasing financial means, guidelines for the diagnosis and therapy of the BPH-syndrome are consequently being developed in order to support the establishment of an individual therapy of BPH, to increase the efficacy of therapy and to be able to get along with the existing financial barriers. The development of the International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS) is regarded essential for this effort. PMID:9702820

  6. Possible modification of the cooling index of interstellar helium pickup ions by electron impact ionization in the inner heliosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Jun Hong; Bochsler, Peter; Möbius, Eberhard; Gloeckler, George

    2014-09-01

    Interstellar neutrals penetrating into the inner heliosphere are ionized by photoionization, charge exchange with solar wind ions, and electron impact ionization. These processes comprise the first step in the evolution of interstellar pickup ion (PUI) distributions. Typically, PUI distributions have been described in terms of velocity distribution functions that cool adiabatically under solar wind expansion, with a cooling index of 3/2. Recently, the cooling index has been determined experimentally in observations of He PUI distributions with Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE)/Solar Wind Ion Composition Spectrometer and found to vary substantially over the solar cycle. The experimental determination of the cooling index depends on the knowledge of the ionization rates and their spatial variation. Usually, ionization rates increase with 1/r2 as neutral particles approach the Sun, which is not exactly true for electron impact ionization, because the electron temperature increases with decreasing distance from the Sun due to the complexity of its distributions and different radial gradients in temperature. This different dependence on distance may become important in the study of the evolution of PUI distributions and is suspected as one of the potential reasons for the observed variation of the cooling index. Therefore, we investigate in this paper the impact of electron ionization on the variability of the cooling index. We find that the deviation of the electron ionization rate from the canonical 1/r2 behavior of other ionization processes plays only a minor role.

  7. Clinical impact of hypnotic-titration guidelines based on EEG Bispectral Index (BIS) monitoring during routine anesthetic care

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jay W Johansen; Peter S Sebel; Jeff C Sigl

    2000-01-01

    Study Objectives: To examine the impact on perioperative care of routine Bispectral Index (BIS) monitoring during general anesthesia throughout an entire operating room (OR) suite.Design: Open, observational trial with retrospective analysis of guideline performance. Data were analyzed from 1,552 adult patients receiving general anesthesia with surgical times of at least 1 hour and who were extubated by postanesthesia care unit

  8. Impact of fine particulate fluctuation and other variables on Beijing's air quality index.

    PubMed

    Chen, Bo; Lu, Shaowei; Li, Shaoning; Wang, Bing

    2015-04-01

    We analyzed fluctuation in Beijing's air quality over 328 days, based on air quality grades and air quality data from 35 atmospheric monitoring stations. Our results show the air over Beijing is subject to pollution 152 days of the year, or 46.34 %. Among all pollutants, fine particulates, solid or liquid, 2.5 ?m or less in size (PM2.5), appeared most frequently as the primary pollutant: 249 days, or 76 % of the sample year (328 days). Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and coarse particulates (PM10) cause the least pollution, appearing only 7 and 3 days, or 2 and 1 % of the sample year, respectively. In Beijing, fine particulates like PM2.5 vary seasonally: 154.54?±?18.60 in winter?>?145.22?±?18.61 in spring?>?140.16?±?20.76 in autumn?>?122.37?±?13.42 in summer. Air quality is best in August and worst in December, while various districts in Beijing experience different air quality. To be specific, from south to north and from west to east, air quality tends to improve. Meteorological elements have a constraining effect on air pollutants, which means there is a linear correlation between the air quality index and humidity, rainfall, wind speed, and temperature. Under a typical pollution scenario, the higher the air quality index (AQI) value, the lower the wind speed and the greater the relative humidity; the lower the AQI value, the higher the wind speed and lower the relative humidity. Analysis of influencing factors reveals that the air pollution is mainly particulate matter produced by burning coal, vehicle emissions, volatile oils and gas, fast development of food services, emissions from the surrounding region, and natural dust clouds formed in arid areas to the northwest. Topography affects the distribution of meteorological conditions, in turn varying air quality over the region from one location to another. Human activities also exercise impact on urban air quality with dual functions. PMID:25563832

  9. Enamel dysplasia with hamartomatous atypical follicular hyperplasia: review of the literature and report of a case.

    PubMed

    Feller, L; Wood, N H; Anagnostopoulos, C; Bouckaert, M; Raubenheimer, E J; Kramer, B; Lemmer, J

    2008-03-01

    This article documents an additional case of a rare syndrome, reported only in black persons in South Africa. It is characterised by hamartomatous atypical follicular hyperplasia with central odontogenic fibroma (WHO-type)-like features attached to multiple impacted teeth, and with generalized enamel dysplasia showing features of hypoplastic amelogenesis imperfecta. Other features associated with the syndrome, but not present in all reported cases, include open-bite malocclusion, gingival overgrowth, hypodontia, pulpal calcifications and aberrant root formation of the unerupted teeth. Our present case shows the additional feature of impacted supernumerary teeth. As we cannot find any reports in the literature of the occurrence of amelogenesis imperfecta-like enamel dysplasia associated with hamartomatous follicular hyperplasia showing the features of WHO-type central odontogenic fibroma, with or without the additional features mentioned above, we propose to name this syndrome Enamel Dysplasia with Hamartomatous atypical Follicular Hyperplasia (EDHFH) syndrome. PMID:18561808

  10. Dissecting the mechanisms of Notch induced hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Djiane, Alexandre; Krejci, Alena; Bernard, Frédéric; Fexova, Silvie; Millen, Katherine; Bray, Sarah J

    2013-01-01

    The outcome of the Notch pathway on proliferation depends on cellular context, being growth promotion in some, including several cancers, and growth inhibition in others. Such disparate outcomes are evident in Drosophila wing discs, where Notch overactivation causes hyperplasia despite having localized inhibitory effects on proliferation. To understand the underlying mechanisms, we have used genomic strategies to identify the Notch-CSL target genes directly activated during wing disc hyperplasia. Among them were genes involved in both autonomous and non-autonomous regulation of proliferation, growth and cell death, providing molecular explanations for many characteristics of Notch induced wing disc hyperplasia previously reported. The Notch targets exhibit different response patterns, which are shaped by both positive and negative feed-forward regulation between the Notch targets themselves. We propose, therefore, that both the characteristics of the direct Notch targets and their cross-regulatory relationships are important in coordinating the pattern of hyperplasia. PMID:23232763

  11. Sebaceous hyperplasia: systemic treatment with isotretinoin*

    PubMed Central

    Tagliolatto, Sandra; Santos, Octavio de Oliveira; Alchorne, Maurício Mota de Avelar; Enokihara, Mauro Yoshiaki

    2015-01-01

    The study aimed to verify the therapeutic action of isotretinoin in the treatment of sebaceous hyperplasia. During two months, 20 patients with sebaceous hyperplasia took isotretinoin at a dosage of 1mg/kg per day. Their skin lesions were counted and photographed before and after treatment and re-evaluated two years later. The average number of sebaceous hyperplasia lesions before treatment was 24 per patient. At the end of two months of therapy, the number of lesions decreased to 2 per patient. The statistically analyzed data showed a reduction in the number of lesions following isotretinoin use (p < 0.05). Two years after the end of the treatment, the average number of sebaceous hyperplasia lesions was 4 per patient. There were no severe side effects. Thus, the data analysis suggests that isotretinoin is a safe and effective drug for treating the disease under study.

  12. Ancient history of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    New, Maria I

    2011-01-01

    Although there are many erudite reports on the history of endocrinology and endocrine disorders, the history of congenital adrenal hyperplasia has not been published. I have tried to review ancient as well as modern history of CAH. PMID:21164274

  13. Gingival enlargement in partial hemifacial hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Jagtap, Rasika Ravindra; Deshpande, Gaurav Shekhar

    2014-01-01

    Hemifacial hypertrophy is a rare developmental disorder, characterized by unilateral enlargement of facial tissues. The hemifacial hyperplasia is classified as true hemifacial hypertrophy and partial hemifacial hypertrophy. It is unilateral enlargement of viscerocranial condition in which not all structures are enlarged. We present a rare case of gingival enlargement in partial hemifacial hyperplasia highlighting the clinical and radiological findings with the corrective treatment offered for gingival enlargement. PMID:25624636

  14. Macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia in a postmenopausal woman.

    PubMed

    Mijnhout, G S; Danner, S A; van de Goot, F R W; van Dam, E W C M

    2004-12-01

    This case report describes the diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome due to macronodular adrenal hyperplasia in an elderly woman who presented with fatigue, muscle weakness and oedema, and recent excessive bruising. Long-standing disease and comorbidity precluded adrenalectomy. Despite treatment with metyrapone and diuretics, the patient died after two months hospitalisation. Postmortal examination revealed overexpression of luteinising hormone (LH) receptors in the adrenal glands, suggesting that the postmenopausal rise in LH may have a role in adrenal hyperplasia and hypercortisolism. PMID:15685897

  15. Preliminary Study on Impact Evaluation Indexes of Road-Region Cultural Heritages

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nie Shanwen; Liu Qingfang

    2009-01-01

    Reasonable assessment of the road-region cultural heritages is a precondition to deal with the relationships between road construction and culture protection for sustainable development. It is very important to properly select the evaluation indexes. Only on the basis of systematic analysis on highway culture problems and a rational indexes system, which can exactly extract the character parameter of the indexes

  16. Management of adolescents with congenital adrenal hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Merke, Deborah P; Poppas, Dix P

    2014-01-01

    The management of congenital adrenal hyperplasia involves suppression of adrenal androgen production, in addition to treatment of adrenal insufficiency. Management of adolescents with congenital adrenal hyperplasia is especially challenging because changes in the hormonal milieu during puberty can lead to inadequate suppression of adrenal androgens, psychosocial issues often affect adherence to medical therapy, and sexual function plays a major part in adolescence and young adulthood. For these reasons, treatment regimen reassessment is indicated during adolescence. Patients with non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia require reassessment regarding the need for glucocorticoid drug treatment. No clinical trials have compared various regimens for classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia in adults, thus therapy is individualised and based on the prevention of adverse outcomes. Extensive patient education is key during transition from paediatric care to adult care and should include education of females with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia regarding their genital anatomy and surgical history. Common issues for these patients include urinary incontinence, vaginal stenosis, clitoral pain, and cosmetic concerns; for males with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia, common issues include testicular adrenal rest tumours. Transition from paediatric to adult care is most successful when phased over many years. Education of health-care providers on how to successfully transition patients is greatly needed. PMID:24622419

  17. Impact of Body Mass Index on Outcomes After Conformal Radiotherapy in Patients With Prostate Cancer

    SciTech Connect

    Geinitz, Hans, E-mail: hans.geinitz@lrz.tu-muenchen.de [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, Munich (Germany); Thamm, Reinhard; Mueller, Tobias; Jess, Kerstin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, Munich (Germany); Zimmermann, Frank B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Universitaetsspital Basel, Basel (Switzerland); Molls, Michael [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, Munich (Germany); Nieder, Carsten [Department of Oncology and Palliative Medicine, Nordland Hospital, Bodo (Norway); Faculty of Medicine, University of Tromso, Tromso (Norway)

    2011-09-01

    Purpose: Several retrospective analyses have suggested that obese men with prostate cancer treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) have outcomes inferior to those of normal-weight men. However, a recently presented analysis for the first time challenged this association between body mass index (BMI) and treatment failure. It is therefore important to provide further data on this issue. Methods and Materials: This was a retrospective analysis of 564 men treated with risk-adapted conformal EBRT at a single institution. Low-risk patients received EBRT alone, and the other patients received EBRT plus endocrine treatment. In addition, high-risk patients were treated to higher EBRT doses (74 Gy). A rectal balloon catheter for internal immobilization, which can be identified on portal images, was used in 261 patients (46%). Thus, localization did not rely on bony landmarks alone in these cases. Results: The median BMI was 26, and 15% of patients had BMI {>=}30. Neither univariate nor multivariate analyses detected any significant impact of BMI on biochemical relapse, prostate cancer-specific survival, or overall survival. The 5-year biochemical relapse rate was 21% and prostate cancerspecific survival 96%. Conclusions: The present analysis of a large cohort of consecutively treated patients suggests that efforts to reduce prostate movement and geographic miss might result in comparable outcomes in obese and normal-weight patients.

  18. Looking twice at the gender equity index for public health impact

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background It has been shown that gender equity has a positive impact on the everyday activities of people (decision making, income allocation, application and observance of norms/rules) which affect their health. Gender equity is also a crucial determinant of health inequalities at national level; thus, monitoring is important for surveillance of women’s and men’s health as well as for future health policy initiatives. The Gender Equity Index (GEI) was designed to show inequity solely towards women. Given that the value under scrutiny is equity, in this paper a modified version of the GEI is proposed, the MGEI, which highlights the inequities affecting both sexes. Methods Rather than calculating gender gaps by means of a quotient of proportions, gaps in the MGEI are expressed in absolute terms (differences in proportions). The Spearman’s rank coefficient, calculated from country rankings obtained according to both indexes, was used to evaluate the level of concordance between both classifications. To compare the degree of sensitivity and obtain the inequity by the two methods, the variation coefficient of the GEI and MGEI values was calculated. Results Country rankings according to GEI and MGEI values showed a high correlation (rank coef.?=?0.95). The MGEI presented greater dispersion (43.8%) than the GEI (19.27%). Inequity towards men was identified in the education gap (rank coef.?=?0.36) when using the MGEI. According to this method, many countries shared the same absolute value for education but with opposite signs, for example Azerbaijan (?0.022) and Belgium (0.022), reflecting inequity towards women and men, respectively. This also occurred in the empowerment gap with the technical and professional job component (Brunei:-0.120 vs. Australia, Canada Iceland and the U.S.A.: 0.120). Conclusion The MGEI identifies and highlights the different areas of inequities between gender groups. It thus overcomes the shortcomings of the GEI related to the aim for which this latter was created, namely measuring gender equity, and is therefore of great use to policy makers who wish to understand and monitor the results of specific equity policies and to determine the length of time for which these policies should be maintained in order to correct long-standing structural discrimination against women. PMID:23855520

  19. Developmental Trajectories of Body Mass Index Among Japanese Children and Impact of Maternal Factors during Pregnancy

    PubMed Central

    Haga, Chiyori; Kondo, Naoki; Suzuki, Kohta; Sato, Miri; Ando, Daisuke; Yokomichi, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Taichiro; Yamagata, Zentaro

    2012-01-01

    Background The aims of this study were to 1) determine the distinct patterns of body mass index (BMI) trajectories in Japanese children, and 2) elucidate the maternal factors during pregnancy, which contribute to the determination of those patterns. Methodology/Principal Findings All of the children (1,644 individuals) born in Koshu City, Japan, between 1991 and 1998 were followed in a longitudinal study exploring the subjects’ BMI. The BMI was calculated 11 times for each child between birth and 12 years of age. Exploratory latent class growth analyses were conducted to identify trajectory patterns of the BMI z-scores. The distribution of BMI trajectories were best characterized by a five-group model for boys and a six-group model for girls. The groups were named “stable thin,” “stable average,” “stable high average,” “progressive overweight,” and “progressive obesity” in both sexes; girls were allocated to an additional group called “progressive average.” Multinomial logistic regression found that maternal weight, smoking, and skipping breakfast during pregnancy were associated with children included in the progressive obesity pattern rather than the stable average pattern. These associations were stronger for boys than for girls. Conclusions/Significance Multiple developmental patterns in Japanese boys and girls were identified, some of which have not been identified in Western countries. Maternal BMI and some unfavorable behaviors during early pregnancy may impact a child’s pattern of body mass development. Further studies to explain the gender and regional differences that were identified are warranted, as these may be important for early life prevention of weight-associated health problems. PMID:23272187

  20. Intractable verrucous hyperplasia: a surgically corrected case.

    PubMed

    Chang, Ji Hea; Moon, Hee Bong; Kim, Chang Jae; Nam, Kiyeun; Lee, Ho Jun; Kwon, Bum Sun; Park, Jin-Woo

    2015-03-01

    Skin problems commonly occur after lower limb amputation. One such skin anomaly that develops on the residual limb is wart-like lesions of verrucous hyperplasia. The process is reversible if external compression is applied in combination with adequate control of bacterial infection and edema. Prosthetic adjustments usually help with this condition. We report an intractable verrucous hyperplasia in a 66-year-old female patient. She complained of a painful, oozing, verrucous papule at the amputation site. Despite management with typical treatment procedures, the lesion worsened; therefore, surgery was performed. Our case demonstrates that an intractable case is possible despite appropriate management and that sometimes surgical correction is necessary. PMID:25479281

  1. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia - A case report.

    PubMed

    Jacob, Joe; George, Shibu; Suchit Roy, B R; Dildeepa, S N

    2006-07-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a distinctive vascular tumor presenting as isolated or grouped papules or plaques or nodules over skin in head and neck. We, hereby, present a case of ALHE affecting the base of tongue-a rare site of involvement. PMID:23120317

  2. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosbvophilia-case report.

    PubMed

    Mankekar, G; Chainani, G N; Bhatt, C; Sha, T M

    2000-04-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a benign condition characterized by subcutaneous lesions in the head-neck region. It is frequently misdiagnosed as a malignant lesion. Knowledge of the existence of the disease and pathological interpretation are requisites for early diagnosis. We present a case report and review of the literature. PMID:23119661

  3. Bacillary angiomatosis associated with pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Amsbaugh, Sean; Huiras, Erin; Wang, Nadia S; Wever, Aaron; Warren, Simon

    2006-02-01

    Bacillary angiomatosis is an opportunistic bacterial infection caused by either Bartonella henselae or B. quintana. The classic histologic presentation of bacillary angiomatosis involves three components: a lobular proliferation of capillaries with enlarged endothelial cells, neutrophilic debris, and clumps of finely granular material identified as bacteria with staining techniques. Pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is a histologic reaction pattern characterized by epithelial proliferation in response to a variety of stimuli, including mycobacterial, fungal, and bacterial infections. We describe a case of bacillary angiomatosis associated with pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in an immunocompromised patient with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Histologic examination of a finger lesion demonstrated a capillary proliferation with neutrophilic debris and characteristic amorphous granular deposits. Warthin-Starry and Giemsa staining revealed clumps of coccobacilli. Cervical lymph node tissue also revealed organisms identified as Bartonella with PCR techniques. Stains and cultures for acid fast bacilli, fungus, and bacteria were negative. To our knowledge, there has been only one other report of bacillary angiomatosis presenting with pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia. We conclude that the differential diagnosis of entities associated with pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia should be expanded to include bacillary angiomatosis. PMID:16456322

  4. A randomized controlled trial to investigate the impact of a low glycemic index (GI) diet on body mass index in obese adolescents

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The role of a low glycemic index (GI) diet in the management of adolescent obesity remains controversial. In this study, we aim to evaluate the impact of low GI diet versus a conventional Chinese diet on the body mass index (BMI) and other obesity indices of obese adolescents. Methods Obese adolescents aged 15–18 years were identified from population-recruited, territory-wide surveys. Obesity was defined as BMI ?95th percentile of Hong Kong local age- and sex-specific references. Eligible subjects were randomized to either an intervention with low GI diet (consisting of 45-50% carbohydrate, 30-35% fat and 15-20% protein) or conventional Chinese diet as control (consisting of 55-60% carbohydrate, 25-30% fat and 10-15% protein). We used random intercept mixed effects model to compare the differential changes across the time points from baseline to month 6 between the 2 groups. Results 104 obese adolescents were recruited (52 in low GI group and 52 in control group; 43.3% boys). Mean age was 16.7?±?1.0 years and 16.8 ±1.0 years in low GI and control group respectively. 58.7% subjects completed the study at 6 months (65.4% in low GI group and 51.9% in control group). After adjustment for age and sex, subjects in the low GI group had a significantly greater reduction in obesity indices including BMI, body weight and waist circumference (WC) compared to subjects in the control group (all p <0.05). After further adjustment for physical activity levels, WC was found to be significantly lower in the low GI group compared to the conventional group (p?=?0.018). Conclusion Low GI diet in the context of a comprehensive lifestyle modification program may be an alternative to conventional diet in the management of obese adolescents. Trial registration number ClinicalTrials.gov Ref. No: NCT01278563 PMID:24552366

  5. Impact of Body Mass Index on Perioperative Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Major Intra-abdominal Cancer Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John T. Mullen; Daniel L. Davenport; Matthew M. Hutter; Patrick W. Hosokawa; William G. Henderson; Shukri F. Khuri; Donald W. Moorman

    2008-01-01

    Background  Obesity is an increasingly common serious chronic health condition. We sought to determine the impact of body mass index (BMI)\\u000a on perioperative outcomes in patients undergoing major intra-abdominal cancer surgery.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A prospective, multi-institutional, risk-adjusted cohort study of patients undergoing major intra-abdominal cancer surgery\\u000a was performed from the 14 university hospitals participating in the Patient Safety in Surgery Study of the

  6. Impact of food processing on the glycemic index (GI) of potato products

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Potatoes are one of the most popular carbohydrate foods in industrialized and some developing countries. However, contradicting arguments and misconceptions on potatoes as a high glycemic index (GI) food is directly affecting potato consumption during the past years. Potato varieties, maturity level...

  7. Impact of Body Mass Index and Obesity on Clinical Response to Systemic Treatment for Psoriasis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luigi Naldi; Antonio Addis; Sergio Chimenti; Alberto Giannetti; Mauro Picardo; Carlo Tomino; Mara Maccarone; Liliane Chatenoud; Paola Bertuccio; Eugenia Caggese; Rosanna Cuscito

    2008-01-01

    Objective: Our aim was to assess the role of the body mass index (BMI) in the clinical response to systemic treatment for psoriasis. Methods: A nationwide cohort study of patients receiving a new systemic treatment for plaque psoriasis at reference centres in Italy was conducted. Information was gathered through a web-based electronic form. Patients being maintained on the same medication

  8. Satellite-derived normalised difference vegetation index for monitoring climate impacts on European agriculture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Toulios; G. Stancalie; E. Savin; F. M. Danson; P. Struzik; Z. Dunkel; J. Mika

    2010-01-01

    Some of the climate and biophysical variables essential for understanding and monitoring the climate system and the impact of climate change on agriculture can be efficiently observed from orbital platforms, providing global data sets continuously and consistently. In order to describe the status of satellite-derived data useful for monitoring climate impacts on European agriculture, an initiative was started within the

  9. KPG Index versus OPG Measurements: A Comparison between 3D and 2D Methods in Predicting Treatment Duration and Difficulty Level for Patients with Impacted Maxillary Canines

    PubMed Central

    Visconti, Luca

    2014-01-01

    Aim. The aim of this study was to test the agreement between orthopantomography (OPG) based 2D measurements and the KPG index, a new index based on 3D Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images, in predicting orthodontic treatment duration and difficulty level of impacted maxillary canines. Materials and Methods. OPG and CBCT images of 105 impacted canines were independently scored by three orthodontists at t0 and after 1 month (t1), using the KPG index and the following 2D methods: distance from cusp tip and occlusal plane, cusp tip position in relation to the lateral incisor, and canine inclination. Pearson's coefficients were used to evaluate the degree of agreement and the ?2 with Yates correction test was used to assess the independence between them. Results. Inter- and intrarater reliability were higher with KPG compared to 2D methods. Pearson's coefficients showed a statistically significant association between all the indexes, while the ?2 with Yates correction test resulted in a statistically significant rejection of independency only for one 2D index. Conclusions. 2D indexes for predicting impacted maxillary canines treatment duration and difficulty sometimes are discordant; a 3D index like the KPG index could be useful in solving these conflicts. PMID:25126566

  10. Assessment of lichen diversity by index of atmospheric purity (IAP), index of human impact (IHI) and other environmental factors in an urban area (Grenoble, southeast France).

    PubMed

    Gombert, S; Asta, J; Seaward, M R D

    2004-05-25

    An assessment of air quality in the Grenoble area was made using the index of atmospheric purity (IAP). The survey area was divided into 198 units (0.7 x 1 km), in which 345 average lichen relevés were analyzed according to the Braun-Blanquet method. Each relevé station was characterized in the field by a subjective index of human impact (IHI) calculated according to four local environmental parameters influencing the epiphytic lichen flora: urbanization (urban, suburban or rural area), road traffic (low or high), local developments (stations located within crop fields, green areas, housing sites or car parks), and exposure (trees isolated, in rows or grouped). Eighty-three epiphytic lichen species and two algae were recorded and grouped into three ecological categories defined according to bark type and nutrient needs: nitrophytic, neutrophytic and acidophytic species. IAP values, varying from 5.9 to 71.7, were clustered into five categories in order to produce an air-quality map. The geographical pattern of the IAP map showed no clear connection with local sources of pollution, such as the vicinity of a road or an industrial plant, and was not correlated with annual mean values of SO(2), NO(2) and NO for the years 1994-1997. IAP appeared to be influenced by environmental artificiality as shown by a polynomial trend observed between IAP and IHI, even if IAP values were broadly scattered. Multivariate analysis (canonical correspondence) showed that high IAP values could be observed in stations of "natural" environments at high elevations and in stations of "artificial" environments at low elevations. It was also shown that IAP varied in relation to the relative proportion of ecological groups of lichen relevés: although a majority of neutrophytic species (>50%) with a much lower percentage of nitrophytic species generally characterized high IAP, a predominance of acidophytic or nitrophytic species led to a decrease in the IAP. A correlation between nitrophytic species and artificiality of the environment was also shown. Furthermore, IAP, initially created to characterize atmospheric pollution or atmospheric purity by means of the lichen flora, is shown to be influenced by other parameters such as environmental and landscape factors. PMID:15081705

  11. Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia with Follicular Mucinosis

    PubMed Central

    Gutte, Rameshwar; Doshi, Bhavana; Khopkar, Uday

    2013-01-01

    Follicular mucinosis occurring along with angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophils (ALHE) has been described in a 49-year-old male. The patient presented with pruritic hyperpigmented papules and nodules on the vertex and right parietal scalp. There was no any other complaint. Histopathological examination from one of the papule showed prominent blood vessels in the dermis lined by plump histiocytoid endothelial cells that were surrounded by a dense lymphoid infiltrate with numerous eosinophils; these findings are typical of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia. Features of follicular mucinosis were observed in the same section with 3 hyperplastic follicular infundibula containing pools of mucin in the infundibular epithelium. The concurrent occurrence of these 2 distinct histopathological patterns in the same biopsy specimen has been reported rarely. PMID:23716828

  12. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia with follicular mucinosis.

    PubMed

    Gutte, Rameshwar; Doshi, Bhavana; Khopkar, Uday

    2013-03-01

    Follicular mucinosis occurring along with angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophils (ALHE) has been described in a 49-year-old male. The patient presented with pruritic hyperpigmented papules and nodules on the vertex and right parietal scalp. There was no any other complaint. Histopathological examination from one of the papule showed prominent blood vessels in the dermis lined by plump histiocytoid endothelial cells that were surrounded by a dense lymphoid infiltrate with numerous eosinophils; these findings are typical of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia. Features of follicular mucinosis were observed in the same section with 3 hyperplastic follicular infundibula containing pools of mucin in the infundibular epithelium. The concurrent occurrence of these 2 distinct histopathological patterns in the same biopsy specimen has been reported rarely. PMID:23716828

  13. Pancreatic polypeptide cell hyperplasia of the pancreas.

    PubMed

    Albazaz, R; Da Costa, P E; Verbeke, C S

    2006-10-01

    A case of pancreatic polypeptide cell hyperplasia in a 76-year-old man who presented with subacute bowel pseudo-obstruction is reported. A computed tomography scan incidentally showed a pancreatic head lesion that was resected by pancreaticoduodenectomy. Histological examination showed expansion of the endocrine pancreas with increased numbers of pancreatic polypeptide cells in irregularly enlarged islets, ragged endocrine cell clusters, ductulo-insular complexes and microadenomas. The clinicopathological features of this rare and poorly understood condition are discussed. PMID:17021132

  14. Intra-arterial angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia.

    PubMed

    Koubaa, Wafa; Verdier, Michel; Perez, Michael; Wechsler, Janine

    2008-05-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare skin disorder of unknown etiology. This paper describes the case of a 34-year-old man with a lesion located on the right part of his forehead. Microscopically, it displayed a typical morphology of ALHE. However, it was exceptional by its intra-arterial location and its prominent lymphocytic rim-like component. Differential diagnoses, with special emphasis to organized thrombosis and juvenile arteritis, are discussed here. PMID:17976207

  15. [Focal epithelial hyperplasia in lepromatous leprosy].

    PubMed

    Jacyk, W; Lechner, W

    1983-10-15

    Focal epithelial hyperplasia Heck (FEH) is most likely caused by human papilloma virus. It mainly occurs in children and young people showing no associated diseases. For the first time, we describe a case of FEH in a patient with lepromatous leprosy who due to persistent erythema nodosum leprosum has been treated with a lang-term glucocorticoid therapy. The question of the competence of lepromatous patients in resisting certain viral infections arises. PMID:6649746

  16. A rare vasoproliferative lesion: angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the hand.

    PubMed

    Krapohl, B D; Machens, H-G; Reichert, B; Mailänder, P

    2003-03-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare vasoproliferative lesion of uncertain aetiology, involving the skin and subcutaneous tissue. The predilection of the tumour-like lesion is for the head and neck region. Radical surgical excision is still regarded as the most effective treatment. We present the case of a 33-year-old female with ALHE of the right hand. Preoperative MRI and angiography demonstrated involvement of the fourth and fifth rays, with complete occlusion of the ulnar artery, and a small lesion at the level of the metacarpophalangeal joint of the index finger. Complete tumour excision could not be achieved without resection of the fourth and fifth rays. One year postoperatively, there were no clinical signs of recurrence. The patient refused any further invasive diagnostic and follow-up examinations. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia of the hand is a rare disease, and patients should undergo early surgical treatment to achieve complete excision of the lesion. PMID:12791366

  17. The impact of body mass index on laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Taiwan: an oriental experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wen-Tsan Chang; King-Teh Lee; Meng-Chuan Huang; Jong-Shyone Chen; Hung-Che Chiang; Kung-Kai Kuo; Shin-Chang Chuang; Sen-Ren Wang; Chen-Guo Ker

    2009-01-01

    Background\\/Purpose  The outcome analysis of obese patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) in Asia–Pacific countries is rarely reported.\\u000a This study examined associations between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcomes of elective LC in Taiwan.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A total of 627 patients with gallbladder disease due to gallstones undergoing LC were divided into three groups based on BMI: 2 (normal, NO; n = 310), 25.0–29.9 kg\\/m2 (overweight, OW;

  18. Sexual Dysfunction and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) Associated with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raymond C. Rosen; Francois Giuliano; Culley C. Carson

    2005-01-01

    Sexuality is an essential aspect of a couple's relationship and has a significant impact on life satisfaction. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition that commonly affects older men and is often associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and sexual dysfunction. Men with moderate-to-severe LUTS are at increased risk for sexual dysfunction, including moderate-to-severe erectile dysfunction (ED), ejaculatory dysfunction

  19. Fuzzy clustering analysis in environmental impact assessment — A complement tool to environmental quality index

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hsiang-Te Kung; Long Gen Ying; You-Ci Liu

    1993-01-01

    In spite of rapid progress achieved in the methodological research underlying environmental impact assessment (EIA), the problem of weighting various parameters has not yet been solved. This paper presents a new approach, fuzzy clustering analysis, which is illustrated with an EIA case study on Baoshan-Wusong District in Shanghai, China. Fuzzy clustering analysis may be used whenever a composite classification of

  20. The CINMa index: assessing the potential impact of GM crop management across a heterogeneous landscape.

    PubMed

    Collier, Marcus J; Mullins, Ewen

    2010-01-01

    While significant progress has been made on the modification of crops for the benefit of producers, the same cannot be said in regards to eliciting the potential impact that these crops may have on the wider landscape and the diversity of life therein. Management impacts can create difficulties when making policy, regulation and licensing decisions in those countries where agriculture has a significant social and ecological position in the landscape. To begin to gauge the potential impacts of the management of a selection of GM crops on an agricultural landscape, four key biodiversity stressors (Chemicals, Introgression, Nutrients and Management: CINMa) were identified and a grading system developed using published data. Upon application to five selected GM crops in a case study area, CINMa identifies areas in the wider landscape where biodiversity is likely to be negatively or positively impacted, as well as agricultural zones which may benefit from the land use change associated with the management of GM crops and their associated post market environmental monitoring. PMID:21975254

  1. Unilateral condylar hyperplasia: A case report and review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Bharathi, Saravana C.; Senthilnathan, S.; Kumar, Lokesh D.; Mohan, Anand C. S.; Taranath, M.

    2014-01-01

    Condylar hyperplasia is (CH) an uncommon malformation of the mandible involving change in size and morphology of the condylar neck and head. CH is an anomaly that usually occurs unilaterally and equally affects in both men and women. Hyperplasia of the condyle ‘differentiated into hemimandibular hyperplasia, hemimandibular elongation and CH. Here, we are presenting a case of 17-year-old male patient with unilateral CH and its review of the literature. PMID:24818099

  2. Keratinocyte-Derived Chemokine Induces Prostate Epithelial Hyperplasia and Reactive Stroma in a Novel Transgenic Mouse Model

    PubMed Central

    Schauer, Isaiah G.; Ressler, Steven J.; Rowley, David R.

    2009-01-01

    Background Interleukin-8 (IL-8) is upregulated in fibrotic and malignant diseases and is a key mediator of proliferative responses. Elevated IL-8 was recently correlated with benign prostatic hyperplasia epithelium and a myofibroblast reactive stroma. Thus, we sought to determine whether overexpressed IL-8 and keratinocyte-derived chemokine (KC), the functional murine homolog of IL-8, induce prostate epithelial hyperplasia and a reactive phenotype. Methods Transgenic mice that overexpress KC within prostate epithelia and xenograft models with engineered human cells that overexpress IL-8 were developed. Results Overexpression of KC in transgenic mice produced hyperplastic prostate epithelial acini associated with a periacinar reactive stroma. KC induced an altered epithelial/stroma proliferation index ratio, increased acini diameter, epithelial infolding, and expression of prototypical reactive stroma markers. Overexpression of IL-8 in normal human prostate epithelial xenografts correlated with elevated epithelial proliferation index and altered morphology. Elevated human prostate stromal and epithelial cell proliferation, nodule-like morphology and increased xenograft survival were observed in IL-8-overexpressing orthotopic xenografts. Conclusions Together, these data demonstrate that overexpression of IL-8/KC results in a prostate epithelial hyperplasia with an associated reactive stroma phenotype. The novel transgenic mouse and human xenograft models described here may be useful in dissecting key mechanisms of IL-8 induced prostate hyperplasia and reactive stroma. PMID:19021203

  3. Global spatial indexing of the human impact on Al, Cu, Fe, and Zn mobilization.

    PubMed

    Rauch, Jason N

    2010-08-01

    With increasing consumption of material by human activity, the extent of human influence relative to nature in the mobilization of metals and other elements on Earth continues to grow. Recognizing people as modern geomorphic agents, I produced global data layers at 1 degreesx1 degrees of human-mediated mass flows (coal combustion, biomass burning, and mining) and nature-mediated mass flows (net primary productivity, sea salt aerosol emission, and denudation to the oceans) for the industrial metals of aluminum, iron, copper, and zinc for the year 2000. The major mobilization processes are denudation (natural) and mining (anthropic), though net primary productivity for Zn and Cu and coal combustion for Al are nearly as significant. All flows are subsequently combined into an index representing human versus nature flow dominance. As the first maps of mobilization flows of metals widely used by modern technology, they reveal that approximately 1-5% (depending upon the metal) of Earth's land surface now has metal flow dominated by human activity. PMID:20666554

  4. Impact of Conjoint Trajectories of Body Mass Index and Marijuana Use on Short Sleep Duration

    PubMed Central

    Brook, Judith S.; Lee, Jung Yeon; Balka, Elinor B.; Brook, David W.; Finch, Stephen J.

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objectives We examined the association between the conjoint developmental trajectories of body mass index (BMI) and marijuana use from age 24 to age 32 and short sleep duration. Methods The participants included 158 African American male, 267 African American female, 166 Puerto Rican male, and 225 Puerto Rican female young adults (N=816). Using Mplus, we obtained the conjoint trajectories of BMI and marijuana use. Logistic regression analyses examined the association between the conjoint trajectories and short sleep duration. Results Five conjoint trajectory groups were extracted: normal BMI and no or low marijuana use, obese and no or low marijuana use, morbidly obese and some marijuana use, normal BMI and high marijuana use, and obese and high marijuana use. Those in the obese and no or low marijuana use group, the morbidly obese and some marijuana use group, and the obese and high marijuana use group were more likely to report shorter sleep duration than those with normal BMI and no or low marijuana use group. Conclusions and Scientific Significance This study highlights the significance of examining joint trajectories over several developmental stages. In treating short sleep duration, we propose focusing on treating obesity, and also treating marijuana use if applicable. PMID:25187053

  5. Quantifying the impact of climate change on drought regimes using the Standardised Precipitation Index

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jenkins, Katie; Warren, Rachel

    2014-04-01

    The study presents a methodology to characterise short- or long-term drought events, designed to aid understanding of how climate change may affect future risk. An indicator of drought magnitude, combining parameters of duration, spatial extent and intensity, is presented based on the Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI). The SPI is applied to observed (1955-2003) and projected (2003-2050) precipitation data from the Community Integrated Assessment System (CIAS). Potential consequences of climate change on drought regimes in Australia, Brazil, China, Ethiopia, India, Spain, Portugal and the USA are quantified. Uncertainty is assessed by emulating a range of global circulation models to project climate change. Further uncertainty is addressed through the use of a high-emission scenario and a low-stabilisation scenario representing a stringent mitigation policy. Climate change was shown to have a larger effect on the duration and magnitude of long-term droughts, and Australia, Brazil, Spain, Portugal and the USA were highlighted as being particularly vulnerable to multi-year drought events, with the potential for drought magnitude to exceed historical experience. The study highlights the characteristics of drought which may be more sensitive under climate change. For example, on average, short-term droughts in the USA do not become more intense but are projected to increase in duration. Importantly, the stringent mitigation scenario had limited effect on drought regimes in the first half of the twenty-first century, showing that adaptation to drought risk will be vital in these regions.

  6. Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children

    E-print Network

    Chapman, Michael S.

    Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, non-specific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder intestinal abnormalities, ranging from lymphoid nodular hyperplasia to aphthoid ulceration. Histology showed

  7. Feminizing genital reconstruction in congenital adrenal hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Leslie, Jeffrey A.; Cain, Mark Patrick; Rink, Richard Carlos

    2009-01-01

    The past several decades have seen multiple advances in the surgical reconstruction for girls born with Disorders of Sexual Differentiation. This surgery can be technically very demanding, and must be individualized for each patient, as the degree of virilization and level of confluence of the vagina and urogenital sinus will dictate the surgical approach. In this manuscript we present our approach and experience in the surgical options for girls born with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, with special attention regarding clitoroplasty, urogenital mobilization, and vaginoplasty. PMID:19468424

  8. Arkansas Act 1220 of 2003 to reduce childhood obesity: its implementation and impact on child and adolescent body mass index.

    PubMed

    Raczynski, James M; Thompson, Joseph W; Phillips, Martha M; Ryan, Kevin W; Cleveland, Herschel W

    2009-01-01

    Arkansas was among the first states to pass comprehensive legislation to combat childhood obesity, with Arkansas Act 1220 of 2003. Two distinct but complementary evaluations of the process, impact, and outcomes of Act 1220 are being conducted: first, surveillance of the weight status of Arkansas children and adolescents, using the statewide data amassed from the required measurements of students' body mass indexes (BMIs); and second, an independent evaluation of the process, impact, and outcomes associated with Act 1220. Various stakeholder groups initially expressed concerns about the Act, specifically concerns related to negative social and emotional consequences for students and an excessive demand on health care. Evaluation data, however, suggest that few adverse effects have occurred either in these areas of concern or in other concerns which have emerged over time. Schools are changing environments and implementing policies and programs to promote healthy behaviors and BMI levels have not increased since the implementation of Act 1220 in 2004. The Arkansas experience to date may serve to inform the efforts of other states to adopt policies to address the epidemic of childhood obesity. PMID:19190569

  9. Impact of body mass index on prevalence of multimorbidity in primary care: cohort study

    PubMed Central

    Booth, Helen P

    2014-01-01

    Background. Multimorbidity is the co-occurrence of long-term conditions. Obesity is associated with an increased risk of long-term conditions including type 2 diabetes and depression. Objective. To quantify the association between body mass index (BMI) category and multimorbidity in a large cohort registered in primary care. Methods. The sample comprised primary care electronic health records of adults aged ?30 years, sampled from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink between 2005 and 2011. Multimorbidity was defined as the co-occurrence of ?2 of 11 conditions affecting seven organ systems. Age- and sex-standardized prevalence of multimorbidity was estimated by BMI category. Adjusted odds ratios associating BMI with additional morbidity were estimated adjusting for socioeconomic deprivation and smoking. Results. The sample comprised 300 006 adults. After excluding participants with BMI never recorded, data were analysed for 223 089 (74%) contributing 1 374 109 person–years. In normal weight men, the standardized prevalence of multimorbidity was 23%, rising to 27% in overweight, 33% in category I obesity, 38% in category II and 44% in category III obesity. In women, the corresponding values were 28%, 34%, 41%, 45% and 51%. In category III obesity, the adjusted odds, relative to normal BMI, were 2.24 (2.13–2.36) for a first condition; 2.63 (2.51–2.76) for a second condition and 3.09 (2.92–3.28) for three or more conditions. In a cross-sectional analysis, 32% of multimorbidity was attributable to overweight and obesity. Conclusions. Multiple morbidity is highly associated with increasing BMI category and obesity, highlighting the potential for targeted primary and secondary prevention interventions in primary care. PMID:24132593

  10. Prolonged exposure of cholestatic rats to complete dark inhibits biliary hyperplasia and liver fibrosis.

    PubMed

    Han, Yuyan; Onori, Paolo; Meng, Fanyin; DeMorrow, Sharon; Venter, Julie; Francis, Heather; Franchitto, Antonio; Ray, Debolina; Kennedy, Lindsey; Greene, John; Renzi, Anastasia; Mancinelli, Romina; Gaudio, Eugenio; Glaser, Shannon; Alpini, Gianfranco

    2014-11-01

    Biliary hyperplasia and liver fibrosis are common features in cholestatic liver disease. Melatonin is synthesized by the pineal gland as well as the liver. Melatonin inhibits biliary hyperplasia of bile duct-ligated (BDL) rats. Since melatonin synthesis (by the enzyme serotonin N-acetyltransferase, AANAT) from the pineal gland increases after dark exposure, we hypothesized that biliary hyperplasia and liver fibrosis are diminished by continuous darkness via increased melatonin synthesis from the pineal gland. Normal or BDL rats (immediately after surgery) were housed with light-dark cycles or complete dark for 1 wk before evaluation of 1) the expression of AANAT in the pineal gland and melatonin levels in pineal gland tissue supernatants and serum; 2) biliary proliferation and intrahepatic bile duct mass, liver histology, and serum chemistry; 3) secretin-stimulated ductal secretion (functional index of biliary growth); 4) collagen deposition, liver fibrosis markers in liver sections, total liver, and cholangiocytes; and 5) expression of clock genes in cholangiocytes. In BDL rats exposed to dark there was 1) enhanced AANAT expression/melatonin secretion in pineal gland and melatonin serum levels; 2) improved liver morphology, serum chemistry and decreased biliary proliferation and secretin-stimulated choleresis; and 4) decreased fibrosis and expression of fibrosis markers in liver sections, total liver and cholangiocytes and reduced biliary expression of the clock genes PER1, BMAL1, CLOCK, and Cry1. Thus prolonged dark exposure may be a beneficial noninvasive therapeutic approach for the management of biliary disorders. PMID:25214401

  11. Inflammation in benign prostatic hyperplasia: A 282 patients' immunohistochemical analysis

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    : +33149812568 E-mail address: adelataille@hotmail.com Running Head Title: BPH and inflammation Word Count: Abstract: 220 Manuscript: 2320 Figure: 1 Tables: 4 Key Words: Benign prostatic hyperplasia; BPH inflammation could be a key component in prostate enlargement and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH

  12. Prenatal Diagnosis and Treatment of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saroj Nimkarn; Maria I. New

    2007-01-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a group of inherited disorders caused by an enzyme deficiency in steroid biosynthesis. The most common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia is 21-hydroxylase deficiency, which in its severe form can cause genital ambiguity in females. Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency can be diagnosed in utero through molecular genetic analysis of fetal DNA. Prenatal treatment successfully reduces genital ambiguity,

  13. Clinical and Imaging Findings of True Hemifacial Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Bhuta, Bansari A.; Desai, Rajiv S.; Bansal, Shivani P.; Chemburkar, Vipul V.; Dev, Prashant V.

    2013-01-01

    Congenital hemifacial hyperplasia is a rare developmental disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by a marked unilateral facial asymmetry. It involves the hard (bones and teeth) and soft tissues of the face. We report an interesting case of true hemifacial hyperplasia in a 25-year-old male highlighting the clinical and computed tomography imaging findings. PMID:24349801

  14. Energy absorption during impact on the proximal femur is affected by body mass index and flooring surface.

    PubMed

    Bhan, Shivam; Levine, Iris C; Laing, Andrew C

    2014-07-18

    Impact mechanics theory suggests that peak loads should decrease with increase in system energy absorption. In light of the reduced hip fracture risk for persons with high body mass index (BMI) and for falls on soft surfaces, the purpose of this study was to characterize the effects of participant BMI, gender, and flooring surface on system energy absorption during lateral falls on the hip with human volunteers. Twenty university-aged participants completed the study with five men and five women in both low BMI (<22.5 kg/m(2)) and high BMI (>27.5 kg/m(2)) groups. Participants underwent lateral pelvis release experiments from a height of 5 cm onto two common floors and four safety floors mounted on a force plate. A motion-capture system measured pelvic deflection. The energy absorbed during the initial compressive phase of impact was calculated as the area under the force-deflection curve. System energy absorption was (on average) 3-fold greater for high compared to low BMI participants, but no effects of gender were observed. Even after normalizing for body mass, high BMI participants absorbed 1.8-fold more energy per unit mass. Additionally, three of four safety floors demonstrated significantly increased energy absorption compared to a baseline resilient-rolled-sheeting system (% increases ranging from 20.7 to 28.3). Peak system deflection was larger for high BMI persons and for impacts on several safety floors. This study indicates that energy absorption may be a common mechanism underlying the reduced risk of hip fracture for persons with high BMI and for those who fall on soft surfaces. PMID:24837217

  15. Genetics of primary macronodular adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Fragoso, Maria Candida Barisson Villares; Alencar, Guilherme Asmar; Lerario, Antonio Marcondes; Bourdeau, Isabelle; Almeida, Madson Queiroz; Mendonca, Berenice Bilharinho; Lacroix, André

    2015-01-01

    ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia is a rare cause of Cushing's syndrome (CS), accounting for <2% of all endogenous CS cases; however it is more frequently identified incidentally with sub-clinical cortisol secretion. Recently, cortisol secretion has been shown to be regulated by ectopic corticotropin, which is in turn produced by clusters of steroidogenic cells of the hyperplastic adrenal nodules. Hence, the term 'ACTH-independent' is not entirely appropriate for this disorder. Accordingly, the disease is designated primary macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (PMAH) in this review article. The means by which cortisol production is regulated in PMAH despite the suppressed levels of ACTH of pituitary origin is exceedingly complex. Several molecular events have been proposed to explain the enhanced cortisol secretion, increased cell proliferation, and nodule formation in PMAH. Nonetheless, the precise sequence of events and the molecular mechanisms underlying this condition remain unclear. The purpose of this review is therefore to present new insights on the molecular and genetic profile of PMAH pathophysiology, and to discuss the implications for disease progression. PMID:25472909

  16. Start | Author Index 699-28 Impact of Mineral Surface Modification on As(III) Oxidation by Mn(IV) Oxides.

    E-print Network

    Sparks, Donald L.

    Start | Author Index 699-28 Impact of Mineral Surface Modification on As(III) Oxidation by Mn, and the oxidation and retention of As on the HMO mineral surface is followed in real-time, using quick-scanning X-ray absorption spectroscopy (Q-XAS). We found that initially, only As(V) is retained on the mineral surface

  17. Impact of power index, hydroureteronephrosis, stone size, and composition on the efficacy of in situ boosted ESWL for primary proximal ureteral calculi

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iqbal Singh; N. P. Gupta; A. K. Hemal; P. N. Dogra; M. S. Ansari; A. Seth; M. Aron

    2001-01-01

    Objectives. The efficacy, safety, feasibility, and outcome of in situ treatment applied to select proximal ureteral calculi was assessed and analyzed with a view to avoiding auxiliary interventions and providing high clearance rates in the shortest possible time. We studied the impact of several clinically important variables, including power index, degree of hydroureteronephrosis (HDUN), stone size, and composition on the

  18. CCR2 deficiency decreases intimal hyperplasia after arterial injury.

    PubMed

    Roque, Merce; Kim, William J H; Gazdoin, Michaela; Malik, Alia; Reis, Ernane D; Fallon, John T; Badimon, Juan J; Charo, Israel F; Taubman, Mark B

    2002-04-01

    Monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 is upregulated in atherosclerotic plaques and in the media and intima of injured arteries. CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) is the only known functional receptor for MCP-1. Mice deficient in MCP-1 or CCR2 have marked reductions in atherosclerosis. This study examines the effect of CCR2 deficiency in a murine model of femoral arterial injury. Four weeks after injury, arteries from CCR2(-/-) mice showed a 61.4% reduction (P<0.01) in intimal area and a 62% reduction (P<0.05) in intima/media ratio when compared with CCR2(+/+) littermates. The response of CCR2(+/-) mice was not significantly different from that of CCR2(+/+) mice. Five days after injury, the medial proliferation index, determined by bromodeoxyuridine incorporation, was decreased by 59.8% in CCR2(-/-) mice when compared with CCR2(+/+) littermates (P<0.05). Although leukocytes rapidly adhered to the injured arterial surface, there was no significant macrophage infiltration in the arterial wall of either CCR2(-/-) or CCR2(+/+) mice 5 and 28 days after injury. These results demonstrate that CCR2 plays an important role in mediating smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal hyperplasia in a non-hyperlipidemic model of acute arterial injury. CCR2 may thus be an important target for inhibiting the response to acute arterial injury. PMID:11950690

  19. Value of an aggregate index in describing the impact of trends in antimicrobial resistance for Escherichia coli

    PubMed Central

    Patrick, David M; Chambers, Catharine; Purych, Dale; Chong, Mei; George, Diana; Marra, Fawziah

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Drug resistance indexes (DRIs) quantify the cumulative impact of antimicrobial resistance on the likelihood that a given pathogen will be susceptible to antimicrobial therapy. OBJECTIVE: To derive a DRI for community urinary tract infections caused by Escherichia coli in British Columbia for the years 2007 to 2010, and to examine trends over time and across patient characteristics. METHODS: Indication-specific utilization data were obtained from BC PharmaNet for outpatient antimicrobial prescriptions linked to diagnostic information from physician payment files. Resistance data for E coli urinary isolates were obtained from BC Biomedical Laboratories (now part of LifeLabs Medical Laboratory Services). DRIs were derived by multiplying the rate of resistance to a specific antimicrobial by the proportional rate of utilization for that drug class and aggregating across drug classes. Higher index values indicate more resistance. RESULTS: Adaptive-use DRIs remained stable over time at approximately 18% (95% CI 17% to 18%) among adults ?15 years of age and approximately 28% (95% CI 26% to 31%) among children <15 years of age. Similar results were observed when proportional drug use was restricted to the baseline year (ie, a static-use model). Trends according to age group suggest a U-shaped distribution, with the highest DRIs occurring among children <10 years of age and adults ?65 years of age. Males had consistently higher DRIs than females for all age groups. CONCLUSIONS: The stable trend in adaptive-use DRIs over time suggests that clinicians are adapting their prescribing practices for urinary tract infections to local resistance patterns. Results according to age group reveal a higher probability of resistance to initial therapy among young children and elderly individuals. PMID:25798152

  20. Impact of Human Development Index on the profile and outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Roy, Ambuj; Roe, Matthew T; Neely, Megan L; Cyr, Derek D; Zamoryakhin, Dmitry; Fox, Keith A A; White, Harvey D; Armstrong, Paul W; Ohman, E Magnus; Prabhakaran, Dorairaj

    2015-01-01

    Objective To study the impact of national economic and human development status on patient profiles and outcomes in the setting of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of the Targeted Platelet Inhibition to Clarify the Optimal Strategy to Medically Manage Acute Coronary Syndromes trial (TRILOGY ACS) population (51 countries; 9301 patients). Outcome measures compared baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes through 30?months by 2010 country-level United Nations Human Development Indices (HDIs) and per-capita gross national income. Results TRILOGY ACS enrolled 3659 patients from 27 very-high HDI countries, 3744 from 18 high-HDI countries and 1898 from 6 medium-HDI countries. Baseline characteristics of groups varied significantly, with the medium-HDI group having a lower mean age (63.0?years, vs 65.0 and 68.0?years for high-HDI and very-high HDI, respectively; p<0.001), lower baseline Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events risk score and lower rate of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (58.0%, vs 62.2% and 83.9% among high-HDI and very-high HDI, respectively). Medium-HDI and high-HDI patients had lower unadjusted 30-month rates for the composite of cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction/stroke (17.6%, 16.9% and 23.1% for medium-HDI, high-HDI and very-high HDI, respectively); this difference disappeared after adjusting for baseline characteristics. Adjusted HRs for the composite endpoint were lower in lower-income/middle-income countries vs upper-income/middle-income (0.791(95% CI 0.632 to 0.990)) and high-income countries (0.756 (95% CI 0.616 to 0.928)), with differences largely attributable to myocardial infarction rates. Conclusions Clinical patient profiles differed substantially by country HDI groupings. Lower unadjusted event rates in medium-HDI countries may be explained by younger age and lower comorbidity burden among these countries’ patients. This heterogeneity in patient recruitment across country HDI groupings may have important implications for future global ACS trial design. Trial registration number NCT00699998. PMID:25538134

  1. Genomic Grade Index (GGI): Feasibility in Routine Practice and Impact on Treatment Decisions in Early Breast Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Metzger-Filho, Otto; Catteau, Aurélie; Michiels, Stefan; Buyse, Marc; Ignatiadis, Michail; Saini, Kamal S.; de Azambuja, Evandro; Fasolo, Virginie; Naji, Sihem; Canon, Jean Luc; Delrée, Paul; Coibion, Michel; Cusumano, Pino; Jossa, Veronique; Kains, Jean Pierre; Larsimont, Denis; Richard, Vincent; Faverly, Daniel; Cornez, Nathalie; Vuylsteke, Peter; Vanderschueren, Brigitte; Peyro-Saint-Paul, Hélène; Piccart, Martine; Sotiriou, Christos

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Genomic Grade Index (GGI) is a 97-gene signature that improves histologic grade (HG) classification in invasive breast carcinoma. In this prospective study we sought to evaluate the feasibility of performing GGI in routine clinical practice and its impact on treatment recommendations. Methods Patients with pT1pT2 or operable pT3, N0-3 invasive breast carcinoma were recruited from 8 centers in Belgium. Fresh surgical samples were sent at room temperature in the MapQuant Dx™ PathKit for centralized genomic analysis. Genomic profiles were determined using Affymetrix U133 Plus 2.0 and GGI calculated using the MapQuant Dx® protocol, which defines tumors as low or high Genomic Grade (GG-1 and GG-3 respectively). Results 180 pts were recruited and 155 were eligible. The MapQuant test was performed in 142 cases and GGI was obtained in 78% of cases (n=111). Reasons for failures were 15 samples with <30% of invasive tumor cells (11%), 15 with insufficient RNA quality (10%), and 1 failed hybridization (<1%). For tumors with an available representative sample (? 30% inv. tumor cells) (n=127), the success rate was 87.5%. GGI reclassified 69% of the 54 HG2 tumors as GG-1 (54%) or GG-3 (46%). Changes in treatment recommendations occurred mainly in the subset of HG2 tumors reclassified into GG-3, with increased use of chemotherapy in this subset. Conclusion The use of GGI is feasible in routine clinical practice and impacts treatment decisions in early-stage breast cancer. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01916837, http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01916837 PMID:23990869

  2. Impact of alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor blockers on fractional flow reserve and index of microvascular resistance.

    PubMed

    Barbato, Emanuele; Sarno, Giovanna; Berza, Catalina Trana; Di Gioia, Giuseppe; Bartunek, Jozef; Vanderheyden, Marc; Di Serafino, Luigi; Wijns, William; Trimarco, Bruno; De Bruyne, Bernard

    2014-12-01

    We investigated the effect of ?- and ?-adrenergic blockers on fractional flow reserve (FFR) and index of microvascular resistance (IMR). In 43 patients (pts) with intermediate stenoses, we measured FFR and IMR before and after nonselective ?-blocker propranolol (30 ?g/kg, n?=?20) and selective ?1-blocker metoprolol (40 ?g/kg, n?=?23) IC; (b) In additional 21 pts after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), FFR and IMR were measured before and after ?-blocker phentolamine (3 mg) IC. Neither propranolol nor metoprolol changed values of FFR and IMR. Phentolamine slightly decreased FFR (from 0.88?±?0.05 to 0.87?±?0.06, p?=?0.025) but did not change IMR. FFR decreased from >0.80 to ?0.80 in 3 pts (14%), but in none, the value decreased to <0.75. ?-blockers do not affect FFR and IMR in intermediate stenoses. After PCI, a mild decrease in FFR occurs after ?-blockers, though of limited clinical impact. PMID:25367207

  3. Langerhans Cell Hyperplasia From Molluscum Contagiosum.

    PubMed

    Hatter, Alyn D; Zhou, Xin; Honda, Kord; Popkin, Daniel L

    2014-08-19

    : Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) carries a prognosis, which ranges from benign to potentially fatal. There is currently little framework to decipher metrics, which predict the benign versus aggressive nature of LCH. We wanted to determine whether molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) DNA could be isolated from a cutaneous lesion, demonstrating Langerhans cell hyperplasia resembling LCH in a patient with both. Polymerase chain reaction on biopsy-proven MCV and the hyperplastic lesion has been performed. Two specific regions within the MCV genome were detected from both biopsies. The authors report our findings and suggest that some MCV can produce histological lesions resembling LCH, similar to the literature on scabies mimicking LCH. Efforts to find a reactive "driver" in LCH may significantly inform the clinical scenario. PMID:25140667

  4. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Treatment and outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Kamoun, Mahdi; Feki, Mouna Mnif; Sfar, Mohamed Habib; Abid, Mohamed

    2013-01-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) describes a group of autosomal recessive disorders where there is impairment of cortisol biosynthesis. CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency accounts for 95% of cases and shows a wide range of clinical severity. Glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid replacement therapies are the mainstays of treatment of CAH. The optimal treatment for adults with CAH continues to be a challenge. Important long-term health issues for adults with CAH affect both men and women. These issues may either be due to the disease or to steroid treatment and may affect final height, fertility, cardiometabolic risk, bone metabolism, neuro-cognitive development and the quality-of-life. Patients with CAH should be regularly followed-up from childhood to adulthood by multidisciplinary teams who have knowledge of CAH. Optimal replacement therapy, close clinical and laboratory monitoring, early life-style interventions, early and regular fertility assessment and continuous psychological management are needed to improve outcome. PMID:24251136

  5. Rete testis adenomatous hyperplasia: our experience.

    PubMed

    Martino, Giovanni; Pasta, Vittorio; Ciardi, Antonio; Palmieri, Andrea; Marinaccio, Lucia; Malavenda, Maria Stella; Monti, Massimo

    2013-01-01

    The word "adenomatous hyperplasia of rete testis" (AHRT) was used by M. Nistal et Al. for the first time in an article about the cystic dysplasia of the testis (1976). AHRT is a benign lesion of the testis. The patient who came to our attention was studied with a testicular echo color Doppler that identified a solid, well circumscribed and hypoechoic mass of 4.5 x3.8mm as diameter, localized in the upper third of the right testicle and with a perilesional vascularization pattern. The preoperative study was based on an accurate medical history, on an ultrasound with contrast and on a RMI. The treatment consisted in an echo guided excisional biopsy of the testicular lesion, considering this as the best approach for those testicular neoformation difficult to define, with a lot of benefits for the patients, especially for those monorchid. PMID:24311150

  6. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia on the palm.

    PubMed

    Kim, Seong Min; Yoon, Jimi; Yoon, Tae-Jin

    2010-08-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon dermal angioproliferating tumor, characterized by red to brown papules or nodules on the head and neck, though also occurring in the mouth, trunk, extremities and inguinal area. The palm is a very unusual site for ALHE, and there have been very few cases reported globally thus far. ALHE can be pruritic and painful and histopathologic findings show vascular proliferation with infiltration of eosinophils and lymphocytes in the dermis. Plump endothelial cells protrude into the lumen. We report a case of ALHE occurring at an unusual site, the right palm, in a 62-year-old man, who had suffered from a solitary pinkish-colored, central depressed round hyperkeratotic plaque on his palm for 4 years. On the basis of clinical and histopathologic data, a diagnosis of ALHE was made. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ALHE on the palm in Korean dermatologic literature. PMID:20711280

  7. Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia on the Palm

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Seong Min; Yoon, Jimi

    2010-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon dermal angioproliferating tumor, characterized by red to brown papules or nodules on the head and neck, though also occurring in the mouth, trunk, extremities and inguinal area. The palm is a very unusual site for ALHE, and there have been very few cases reported globally thus far. ALHE can be pruritic and painful and histopathologic findings show vascular proliferation with infiltration of eosinophils and lymphocytes in the dermis. Plump endothelial cells protrude into the lumen. We report a case of ALHE occurring at an unusual site, the right palm, in a 62-year-old man, who had suffered from a solitary pinkish-colored, central depressed round hyperkeratotic plaque on his palm for 4 years. On the basis of clinical and histopathologic data, a diagnosis of ALHE was made. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ALHE on the palm in Korean dermatologic literature. PMID:20711280

  8. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia: efficacy of isotretinoin?

    PubMed Central

    El Sayed, Fouad; Dhaybi, Rola; Ammoury, Alfred; Chababi, Myrna

    2006-01-01

    Background Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a benign but potentially disfiguring vascular lesion. It is usually characterized by dermal and subcutaneous nodules, primarily in the head and neck region. Spontaneous regression is common, but persistent or recurrent lesions may require treatment. Several treatments have been reported but surgery is the most efficient one. Methods and results We report a 32-year-old man presenting with multiple nodules on the cheeks, preauricular region and the scalp and who received treatment with isotretinoin (0.5 mg/kg/day) for 1 year with complete resolution of one of his scalp nodules. The rest of the lesions remained stable and were treated with surgical excision without recurrence. Conclusion Isotretinoin may play a role in the treatment of ALHE due to its antiangiogenic properties via a reduction of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) production by keratinocytes. PMID:17020619

  9. Phytotherapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia. A minireview.

    PubMed

    Pagano, Ester; Laudato, Massimiliano; Griffo, Michele; Capasso, Raffaele

    2014-07-01

    Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition affecting older men, with an incidence that is age-dependent. Histological BPH, which typically develops after the age of 40 years, ranges in prevalence from >50% at 60 years to as high as 90% by 85 years of age. Typical symptoms include increased frequency of urination, nocturia, urgency, hesitancy, and weak urine stream. Conventional medicines used for the treatment of BPH include alpha blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. This articles review the mode of action, the efficacy, and the safety, including herb-drug interactions of the most common botanicals (Serenoa repens, Pygeum africanum, Urtica dioica, and Cucurbita pepo) and nutraceuticals (isoflavones, lycopene, selenium, and ?-Sitosterol) in controlling the lower urinary tract symptoms associated to BPH. PMID:25165780

  10. Optimizing the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Elterman, Dean S.; Kaplan, Steven A.

    2012-01-01

    One of the challenges facing primary care physicians and specialists as the population ages is the management of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). While as many as 18% of men in their 40s report bother from an enlarged prostate, that figure rises dramatically, whereby 50% of men in their 50s and 90% of men in their 90s will complain of bothersome symptoms related to an enlarged prostate. Studies have shown that BPH is a progressive disease, which if left untreated can result in worsening of symptoms, acute urinary retention and renal failure. Until about 20 years ago the only management option available to urologists was surgery. In the early 1990s medical therapy emerged as the predominant treatment for BPH. Therapy may be tailored to target symptoms and progression of disease. PMID:22496710

  11. Microwave Treatment of Prostate Cancer and Hyperplasia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Arndt, G. Dickey; Ngo, Phong; Carl, J. R.; Raffoul, George

    2005-01-01

    Microwave ablation in the form of microwave energy applied to a heart muscle by a coaxial catheter inserted in a vein in the groin area can be used to heat and kill diseased heart cells. A microwave catheter has been developed to provide deep myocardial ablation to treat ventricular tachycardia by restoring appropriate electrical activity within the heart and eliminating irregular heartbeats. The resulting microwave catheter design, which is now being developed for commercial use in treating ventricular tachycardia, can be modified to treat prostate cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Inasmuch as the occurrence of BPH is increasing currently 350,000 operations per year are performed in the United States alone to treat this condition this microwave catheter has significant commercial potential.

  12. The impact of a high versus a low glycaemic index breakfast cereal meal on verbal episodic memory in healthy adolescents.

    PubMed

    Smith, Michael A; Foster, Jonathan K

    2008-10-01

    In this study, healthy adolescents consumed either (i) a low glycaemic index breakfast cereal meal or (ii) a high glycaemic index breakfast cereal meal, before completing a test of verbal episodic memory in which the memory materials were encoded under conditions of divided attention. Analysis of remembering/forgetting indices revealed that the high glycaemic index breakfast group remembered significantly more items relative to the low glycaemic index breakfast group after a long delay. The superior performance observed in the high glycaemic index group, relative to the low glycaemic index group, may be due to the additional glucose availability provided by the high glycaemic index meal at the time of memory encoding. This increased glucose availability may be necessary for effective encoding under dual task conditions. PMID:18782482

  13. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (alhe) versus kimura's disease : Changing concepts.

    PubMed

    Maheshwari, V; Sharma, R; Alam, K; Khan, A H

    1999-01-01

    The clinico-pathological differences between Kimura's angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia are presented to emphasize that they are two separate disease entities which until now were considered as the same disease. PMID:20921651

  14. Ortho-surgical management of condylar hyperplasia: Rare case reports

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Virendra; Verma, Ajay; Attresh, Gyanander; Batra, Jitender

    2014-01-01

    Condylar hyperplasia of the mandible is a clinical condition of over-development and growth because of excessive cellular growth of one condylar part of the mandible leading to facial asymmetry, mandibular deviation and enlargement of condyle. The elongation of the condylar neck in turn leads to malocclusion and articular dysfunction. In the past the interceptive and corrective procedures of growth and deformity in condylar hyperplasia were either condylectomy or high condylotomy. However, the deformity ceases after growth is completed. Therefore, other surgical procedures have to be undertaken to correct the manifested deformity of condylar hyperplasia. Further it has to be stressed that no single procedure can completely correct the deformity. So in addition to condylectomy, other orthognathic surgical procedures both on body and ramus and also on maxilla can be undertaken to correct the canting of occlusion. Two rare cases of unilateral hyperplasia encountered in our hospital are presented which required different lines of treatment. PMID:25298720

  15. MX-INDUCED URINARY BLADDER EPITHELIAL HYPERPLASIA IN EKER RATS

    EPA Science Inventory

    MX-INDUCED URINARY BLADDER EPITHELIAL HYPERPLASIA IN EKER RATS Epidemiological studies have shown a positive association between chronic exposure to chlorinated drinking water and human cancer, particularly of the urinary bladder. MX (3- chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydrox...

  16. Impact of body mass index on neoadjuvant treatment outcome: a pooled analysis of eight prospective neoadjuvant breast cancer trials.

    PubMed

    Fontanella, Caterina; Lederer, Bianca; Gade, Stephan; Vanoppen, Mieke; Blohmer, Jens Uwe; Costa, Serban Dan; Denkert, Carsten; Eidtmann, Holger; Gerber, Bernd; Hanusch, Claus; Hilfrich, Jörn; Huober, Jens; Schneeweiss, Andreas; Paepke, Stefan; Jackisch, Christian; Mehta, Keyur; Nekljudova, Valentina; Untch, Michael; Neven, Patrick; von Minckwitz, Gunter; Loibl, Sibylle

    2015-02-01

    Obesity is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer (BC) and poorer outcome. We assessed the impact of body mass index (BMI) on pathological complete response (pCR), disease-free (DFS), and overall survival (OS), according to BC subtypes in patients with primary BC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. 8,872 patients with primary BC from eight neoadjuvant trials were categorized according to BMI: underweight (<18.5 kg/m(2)), normal weight (18.5 to <25 kg/m(2)), overweight (25 to <30 kg/m(2)), obese (30 to <40 kg/m(2)), and very obese (?40 kg/m(2)). BC subtypes were defined as luminal-like (ER/PgR-positive and HER2-negative), HER2/luminal (ER/PgR-positive and HER2-positive), HER2-like (ER/PgR-negative and HER2-positive), and triple-negative (TNBC; ER/PgR- and HER2-negative). pCR rate was higher in normal weight patients compared with all other BMI groups (P = 0.003). Mean DFS and OS were shorter in obese (87.3 months, P = 0.014 and 94.9 months, P = 0.001, respectively) and very obese (66.6 months, P < 0.001 and 75.3 months, P < 0.001, respectively) compared with normal weight patients (91.5 and 98.8 months, respectively) which was confirmed by subpopulation treatment effect pattern plot analyses and was consistent in luminal-like and TNBC. No interaction was observed between BMI and pCR. Normal weight patients experienced less non-hematological adverse events (P = 0.002) and were more likely to receive full taxane doses (P < 0.001) compared with all other BMI groups. In multivariable analysis, the dose of taxanes was predictive for pCR (P < 0.001). Higher BMI was associated with lower pCR and a detrimental impact on survival. Normal weight patients had the best compliance to chemotherapy and received the highest taxane doses, which seems to be related with treatment outcomes. PMID:25677740

  17. Cell adhesion and apoptosis in ovarian stromal hyperplasia and hyperthecosis.

    PubMed

    Sharabidze, N; Burkadze, G; Sabakhtarashvili, M

    2006-02-01

    The aim of our study was to investigate cell adhesion and apoptosis in ovarian stromal hyperplasia and hyperthecosis in reproductive women with and without polycystic ovarian disease. We have studied 104 patients with a histological diagnosis of ovarian stromal hyperthecosis and stromal hyperplasia. Paraffin sections were stained by hematoxylin-eosin, von Gieson and immunohistochemistry for Bcl-2 (anti-apoptotic protein) and E-cadherin (cell adhesion marker). We assessed the number of Bcl-2-positive and E-cadherin-positive cells. The patients were divided into 4 groups: group 1-33 patients with polycystic ovarian disease and coexistent stromal hyperthecosis, group 2-28 patients with polycystic ovarian disease and coexistent stromal hyperplasia, group 3-24 patients with ovarian stromal hyperthecosis, group 4-19 patients with ovarian stromal hyperplasia. Our results suggest that in ovarian stromal hyperthecosis and stromal hyperplasia coexistent with polycystic ovarian disease, E-cadherin-positivity in internal and external theca cells, and granulosa cells is associated with Bcl-2 expression. Therefore, ovarian cells expressing Bcl-2 and maintaining E-cadherin-positivity may be the viable cells that escape the apoptotic process. In ovarian stromal hyperthecosis without polycystic ovarian disease, luteinized stromal cells are potentially resistant to apoptosis as they are positive for Bcl-2. In ovarian stromal hyperplasia without polycystic ovarian disease, hyperplastic stromal cells are potentially susceptible to apoptosis as they are negative for Bcl-2. E-cadherin is negative both in stromal hyperthecosis and hyperplasia suggesting that E-cadherin expression in ovary is limited to granulosa and theca cells only. Described characteristics of cell adhesion and apoptosis may play a role in pathogenesis of ovarian stromal hyperthecosis and stromal hyperplasia with and without polycystic ovarian disease. PMID:16575127

  18. Finasteride Reduces the Risk of Incident Clinical Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Parsons, J. Kellogg; Schenk, Jeannette M.; Arnold, Kathryn B.; Messer, Karen; Till, Cathee; Thompson, Ian M.; Kristal, Alan R.

    2014-01-01

    Background Despite the high prevalence of clinical benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) among older men, there remains a notable absence of studies focused on BPH prevention. Objective To determine if finasteride prevents incident clinical BPH in healthy older men. Design, setting, and participants Data for this study are from the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial. After excluding those with a history of BPH diagnosis or treatment, or an International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ?8 at study entry, 9253 men were available for analysis. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis The primary outcome was incident clinical BPH, defined as the initiation of medical treatment, surgery, or sustained, clinically significant urinary symptoms (IPSS >14). Finasteride efficacy was estimated using Cox proportional regression models to generate hazards ratios (HRs). Results and limitations Mean length of follow-up was 5.3 yr. The rate of clinical BPH was 19 per 1000 person-years in the placebo arm and 11 per 1000 person-years in the finasteride arm (p < 0.001). In a covariate-adjusted model, finasteride reduced the risk of incident clinical BPH by 40% (HR: 0.60; 95% confidence interval, 0.51–0.69; p < 0.001). The effect of finasteride on incident clinical BPH was attenuated in men with a body mass index ?30 kg/m2 (pinteraction = 0.04) but otherwise did not differ significantly by physical activity, age, race, current diabetes, or current smoking. The post hoc nature of the analysis is a potential study limitation. Conclusions Finasteride substantially reduces the risk of incident clinical BPH in healthy older men. These results should be considered in formulating recommendations for the use of finasteride to prevent prostate diseases in asymptomatic older men. PMID:22459892

  19. Analysis of arterial intimal hyperplasia: review and hypothesis

    PubMed Central

    2007-01-01

    Background Despite a prodigious investment of funds, we cannot treat or prevent arteriosclerosis and restenosis, particularly its major pathology, arterial intimal hyperplasia. A cornerstone question lies behind all approaches to the disease: what causes the pathology? Hypothesis I argue that the question itself is misplaced because it implies that intimal hyperplasia is a novel pathological phenomenon caused by new mechanisms. A simple inquiry into arterial morphology shows the opposite is true. The normal multi-layer cellular organization of the tunica intima is identical to that of diseased hyperplasia; it is the standard arterial system design in all placentals at least as large as rabbits, including humans. Formed initially as one-layer endothelium lining, this phenotype can either be maintained or differentiate into a normal multi-layer cellular lining, so striking in its resemblance to diseased hyperplasia that we have to name it "benign intimal hyperplasia". However, normal or "benign" intimal hyperplasia, although microscopically identical to pathology, is a controllable phenotype that rarely compromises blood supply. It is remarkable that each human heart has coronary arteries in which a single-layer endothelium differentiates early in life to form a multi-layer intimal hyperplasia and then continues to self-renew in a controlled manner throughout life, relatively rarely compromising the blood supply to the heart, causing complications requiring intervention only in a small fraction of the population, while all humans are carriers of benign hyperplasia. Unfortunately, this fundamental fact has not been widely appreciated in arteriosclerosis research and medical education, which continue to operate on the assumption that the normal arterial intima is always an "ideal" single-layer endothelium. As a result, the disease is perceived and studied as a new pathological event caused by new mechanisms. The discovery that normal coronary arteries are morphologically indistinguishable from deadly coronary arteriosclerosis continues to elicit surprise. Conclusion Two questions should inform the priorities of our research: (1) what controls switch the single cell-layer intimal phenotype into normal hyperplasia? (2) how is normal (benign) hyperplasia maintained? We would be hard-pressed to gain practical insights without scrutinizing our premises. PMID:17974015

  20. Nanog induces hyperplasia without initiating tumors.

    PubMed

    Fischedick, Gerrit; Wu, Guangming; Adachi, Kenjiro; Araúzo-Bravo, Marcos J; Greber, Boris; Radstaak, Martina; Köhler, Gabriele; Tapia, Natalia; Iacone, Roberto; Anastassiadis, Konstantinos; Schöler, Hans R; Zaehres, Holm

    2014-09-01

    Though expression of the homeobox transcription factor Nanog is generally restricted to pluripotent cells and early germ cells, many contradictory reports about Nanog's involvement in tumorigenesis exist. To address this, a modified Tet-On system was utilized to generate Nanog-inducible mice. Following prolonged Nanog expression, phenotypic alterations were found to be restricted to the intestinal tract, leaving other major organs unaffected. Intestinal and colonic epithelium hyperplasia was observed-intestinal villi had doubled in length and hyperplastic epithelium outgrowths were seen after 7days. Increased proliferation of crypt cells and downregulation of the tumor suppressors Cdx2 and Klf4 was detected. ChIP analysis showed physical interaction of Nanog with the Cdx2 and Klf4 promoters, indicating a regulatory conservation from embryonic development. Despite downregulation of tumor suppressors and increased proliferation, ectopic Nanog expression did not lead to tumor formation. We conclude that unlike other pluripotency-related transcription factors, Nanog cannot be considered an oncogene. PMID:25173648

  1. Conjunctival lymphoma arising from reactive lymphoid hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Fukuhara, Junichi; Kase, Satoru; Noda, Mika; Ishijima, Kan; Yamamoto, Teppei; Ishida, Susumu

    2012-01-01

    Extra nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (EMZL) of the conjunctiva typically arises in the marginal zone of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue. The pathogenesis of conjunctival EMZL remains unknown. We describe an unusual case of EMZL arising from reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH) of the conjunctiva. A 35-year-old woman had fleshy salmon-pink conjunctival tumors in both eyes, oculus uterque (OU). Specimens from conjunctival tumors in the right eye, oculus dexter (OD), revealed a collection of small lymphoid cells in the stroma. Immunohistochemically, immunoglobulin (Ig) light chain restriction was not detected. In contrast, diffuse atypical lymphoid cell infiltration was noted in the left eye, oculus sinister (OS), and positive for CD20, a marker for B cells OS. The tumors were histologically diagnosed as RLH OD, and EMZL OS. PCR analysis detected IgH gene rearrangement in the joining region (JH) region OU. After 11 months, a re-biopsy specimen demonstrated EMZL based on compatible pathological and genetic findings OD, arising from RLH. This case suggests that even if the diagnosis of the conjunctival lymphoproliferative lesions is histologically benign, confirmation of the B-cell clonality by checking IgH gene rearrangement should be useful to predict the incidence of malignancy. PMID:22985187

  2. A Case of Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Hashemipour, Mahin; Ghasemi, Mahmoud; Hovsepian, Silva

    2012-01-01

    Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia (lipoid CAH), a rare disorder of steroid biosynthesis, is the most severe form of CAH. In this disorder the synthesis of glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids and sex steroids is impaired which result in adrenal failure, severe salt wasting crisis and hyperpigmentation in phenotypical female infants irrespective of genetic sex. In this report, we presented a 28-day-old phenotypic female infant, which referred with lethargy, failure to thrive and electrolyte abnormalities. Considering the clinical and biochemical findings, lipoid CAH was diagnosed and replacement therapy with standard doses of glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid and sodium chloride was initiated. During follow-up, she had good clinical condition, but at 6 years of age, she refers with hypertension and adrenal insufficiency because of arbitrary drug discontinuation by mother. In ultrasonography an abdominal mass (the testicles) was reported. Chromosome study showed 46XY pattern. Orchiectomy was performed. We recommended that in cases with clinical presentation of adrenal insufficiency if there is not the facility to determine the karyotype, repeated ultrasonography perform during follow-up. In addition, investigating the genetic bases of the disorder would help us to determine the pathogenesis of lipoid CAH in our community. It would be helpful in prenatal diagnosis and treatment of the disorder to prevent its related comorbidities. PMID:22891154

  3. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: from Bench to Clinic

    PubMed Central

    Cho, Hee Ju

    2012-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a prevalent disease, especially in old men, and often results in lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). This chronic disease has important care implications and financial risks to the health care system. LUTS are caused not only by mechanical prostatic obstruction but also by the dynamic component of obstruction. The exact etiology of BPH and its consequences, benign prostatic enlargement and benign prostatic obstruction, are not identified. Various theories concerning the causes of benign prostate enlargement and LUTS, such as metabolic syndrome, inflammation, growth factors, androgen receptor, epithelial-stromal interaction, and lifestyle, are discussed. Incomplete overlap of prostatic enlargement with symptoms and obstruction encourages focus on symptoms rather than prostate enlargement and the shifting from surgery to medicine as the treatment of BPH. Several alpha antagonists, including alfuzosin, doxazosin, tamsulosin, and terazosin, have shown excellent efficacy without severe adverse effects. In addition, new alpha antagonists, silodosin and naftopidil, and phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors are emerging as BPH treatments. In surgical treatment, laser surgery such as photoselective vaporization of the prostate and holmium laser prostatectomy have been introduced to reduce complications and are used as alternatives to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and open prostatectomy. The status of TURP as the gold standard treatment of BPH is still evolving. We review several preclinical and clinical studies about the etiology of BPH and treatment options. PMID:22468207

  4. Impact of Body Mass Index and Weight Fluctuation on Lymphedema Risk in Patients Treated for Breast Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Jammallo, Lauren S.; Miller, Cynthia L.; Singer, Marybeth; Horick, Nora K.; Skolny, Melissa N.; Specht, Michelle C.; O'Toole, Jean; Taghian, Alphonse G.

    2013-01-01

    Background Identifying risk factors for lymphedema in patients treated for breast cancer has become increasingly important given the current lack of standardization surrounding diagnosis and treatment. Reports on the association of body mass index (BMI) and weight change with lymphedema risk are conflicting. We sought to examine the impact of pre-operative BMI and post-treatment weight change on the incidence of lymphedema. Methods From 2005-2011, 787 newly-diagnosed breast cancer patients underwent prospective arm volume measurements with a Perometer pre- and post-operatively. BMI was calculated from same-day weight and height measurements. Lymphedema was defined as a relative volume change (RVC) of ?10%. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the association between lymphedema risk and pre-operative BMI, weight change, and other demographic and treatment factors. Results By multivariate analysis, a pre-operative BMI ?30 was significantly associated with an increased risk of lymphedema compared to a pre-operative BMI <25 and 25-<30 (p = 0.001 and p = 0.012, respectively). Patients with a pre-operative BMI 25-<30 were not at an increased risk of lymphedema compared to patients with a pre-operative BMI<25 (p= 0.409). Furthermore, large post-operative fluctuations in weight, regardless of whether they reflected weight gain or loss (i.e. 10 pounds gained/lost per month), resulted in a significantly increased risk of lymphedema (HR: 1.97, p = <0.0001). Conclusions Pre-operative BMI of ?30 is an independent risk factor for lymphedema, whereas a BMI of 25-<30 is not. Large post-operative weight fluctuations also increase risk of lymphedema. Patients with a pre-operative BMI?30 and those who experience large weight fluctuations during and after treatment for breast cancer should be considered at higher-risk for lymphedema. Close monitoring or early intervention to ensure optimal treatment of the condition may be appropriate for these patients. PMID:24122390

  5. The dynamic association of body mass index and all-cause mortality in multiple cohorts and its impacts

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background In the literature, different shapes of associations have been found between body mass index (BMI) and mortality and some of the findings were opposite to each other. The association of BMI and mortality in a single cohort has been found to be dynamic that can lead to different findings under different settings. The identified dynamic features were consistent with the heterogeneity in the literature. It is meaningful to find out whether such dynamic associations exist in other populations. Methods Data of six different cohorts were used for analysis and comparison. The proportional hazards assumptions for BMI in Cox models were tested to identify dynamic associations in each cohort. Time-dependent covariates Cox model was used to model the association of BMI and mortality risk as functions of follow-up time. The Cox model was applied to the pooled data with survival times censored at 5 to 40 years to show the potential impact of the dynamic association on traditional Meta-analysis. Results and discussion Dynamic associations were identified in six models (4 for men and 2 for women), four of which showed the same changing pattern: the elevated mortality risk for low BMI decreased while that for high BMI increased with follow-up time. When the Cox model was applied to the pooled data excluding the largest and also the shortest cohort, low BMI was but high BMI was not associated with high mortality for men with censoring at 5 years but the association for low BMI became weaker and that for high BMI became much stronger when censoring time was at 40 years. The dynamic association indicated that shorter studies tend to obtain inverse associations between BMI and mortality while longer studies tend to obtain J-shaped associations. Conclusions Different or even opposite results about body weight and mortality in the literature may be in part due to the underlying dynamic association of BMI and mortality. The dynamic features need to be taken into consideration in future studies. PMID:25352909

  6. Aroma-impact compounds in dried spice as a quality index using solid phase microextraction with olfactometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography.

    PubMed

    Maikhunthod, Bussayarat; Marriott, Philip J

    2013-12-15

    A systematic experimental procedure is used to identify the aroma-impact compounds, leading to a shelf quality index based on head space solid-phase microextraction. Dried (ground) fennel seeds, having shelf life of 6 months (0.5Y) and 5 years (5Y), were used as a spice model for assessment of comparative aroma quality. Aroma-impact odorants were analysed by GC-olfactometry (GC-O) in parallel with comprehensive two-dimensional GC-flame ionisation detection (GC×GC-FID) using a polar/non-polar phase combination for the GC×GC column set. Tentative identification of aroma-impact odorants involved correlating data from the GC-O/FID system with GC×GC-time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis by means of retention indices. Major compounds responsible for aroma perception were limonene, 1,8-cineole, terpinen-4-ol, estragole and trans-anethole, and showed an average decrease of 30-50% NIF from 0.5Y to 5Y. Monoterpenes which represent 'freshness', e.g. ?-pinene and ?-myrcene, exhibited identifiable aroma-impact only for the 0.5Y product. Sesquiterpenes and sesquiterpene oxides are suggested as an aging index, being present in increased amounts in 5Y. p-Anisaldehyde odour intensity for both samples remained the same (aroma perception sweet creamy, floral odour and Chinese seasoning powder). PMID:23993622

  7. Impact of a modified data capture period on Liu comorbidity index scores in Medicare enrollees initiating chronic dialysis

    E-print Network

    Rigler, Sally K.; Wetmore, James B.; Mahnken, Jonathan D.; Dong, Lei; Ellerbeck, Edward F.; Shireman, Theresa I.

    2013-01-27

    Background: The Liu Comorbidity Index uses the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) to quantify comorbidity in chronic dialysis patients, capturing baseline comorbidities from days 91 through 270 after dialysis initiation. The 270 day survival...

  8. A weather-resolving index for assessing the impact of climate change on tourism related climate resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gongmei Yu; Zvi Schwartz; John E. Walsh

    2009-01-01

    This study develops and tests a Modified Climate Index for Tourism (MCIT) utilizing more than 50 years of hourly temperature,\\u000a wind and significant weather data from contrasting climatic regions, Florida and Alaska. The index measures climate as a tourism\\u000a resource by combining several tourism-related climate elements. It improves previous methods by incorporating variables that\\u000a are more relevant to tourism activities,

  9. [Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia or Kimura disease?].

    PubMed

    Baráková, D; Sach, J; Krásný, J; Kuchynka, P; Redinová, M; Kodat, V

    2003-09-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) and Kimur's disease are two rarely occurring and mutually very similar, yet independent nosological units. For the frequency of similar features these diseases were long considered to be modifications of one disease. In the last years most authors considered these diseases to be independent entities with certain specific clinical and morphological features. The case of a 76-year white man, suffering from occurrence of subcutaneous tumor formations in various part of the body for the period of six years, is described. Six years after the first signs of the disease, swelling of eyelids on the right eye with palpable resistance under the upper temporal margin of eye socket developed. A similar finding also developed on the left side eight months later. The tumors were removed by surgery and subjected to histological examination. One year later a unilateral relapse developed to be again subjected to surgical treatment and histological examination. In the first two orbital excisions the tumor infiltrate was in topical connection with structure of the tear gland, the third excision did not contain such structures. The histological diagnosis was established as ALHE in spite of some common features with the Kimur's disease. The diagnosis of ALHE was especially supported by absence of the formation of lymphatic follicles, absent fibrotization in the infiltrate and epithelium-like or even histiocyte-like appearance of proliferating endothelia, which formed minute vascular lumina. A substantial exceptionality in the occurrence of the Kimur's disease in white Europeans further supported the diagnosis of ALHE. Our own experience indicates that both units mutually overlap even in features considered to be of distinctly different character. A question arises, whether the strict division of these two nosological units is really possible in practice with unequivocal certainty. PMID:14518359

  10. Prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Lajic, Svetlana; Nordenström, Anna; Ritzén, E Martin; Wedell, Anna

    2004-11-01

    In foetuses at risk of virilising congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), prenatal treatment can be offered by administration of dexamethasone (DEX) via the mother, in order to suppress foetal adrenal androgen oversecretion and prevent genital malformations. The first treated cases were described 20 years ago, and several hundred pregnancies have been reported since. There is a consensus that the treatment effectively prevents or reduces virilisation, but opinions regarding its safety differ. Rare adverse events have been reported in treated children, but no harmful effect has been documented that can be clearly attributed to the treatment. However, few treated foetuses have been followed until adolescence. Animal studies and epidemiological data point to various adverse effects of excess glucocorticoids on the developing foetus. In order to prevent virilisation effectively in females affected with CAH, the prenatal treatment needs to be instituted in the early first trimester, before prenatal diagnosis is possible. Thus, a majority of treated foetuses will receive DEX unnecessarily. The PREDEX study was initiated in Stockholm in 1999 as an open, controlled, non-randomised, multicentre trial. Participating centres are Stockholm, Bergen, Kuopio, Warsaw, London, Lyon and Barcelona. The study has been approved by the ethics committees in each country. The purpose of PREDEX is to evaluate prospectively the prenatal treatment regarding efficacy in preventing virilisation as well as to study its safety for both mothers and treated children. Children are followed until 18 years of age and a wide range of physiological, metabolic and developmental parameters are considered. In Sweden, treatment is not offered outside the frames of the trial. PMID:15554888

  11. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: pathogenesis and medical therapy.

    PubMed

    Geller, J

    1991-12-01

    Epidemiologic studies in castrates strongly support the key role of the testis in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Since the testis secretes androgen and estrogen, both of these hormones have been implicated in BPH. Much information supports the important role of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in BPH, including intraprostatic activities of enzymes that regulate DHT. Although controversy still exists, DHT levels in BPH may be higher than in normal prostate tissue. Based upon these findings and the ability to quantitate prostate size and function with reliable new techniques, suppression of androgen-mediated action has been tested to assess the validity of the DHT theory. A variety of drugs has been demonstrated to decrease prostate size by approximately 30% by either blocking secretion of circulating testosterone and adrenal androgen, inhibiting 5 alpha-reductase to prevent DHT formation, or blocking DHT binding to androgen receptors. Accompanying these changes in size was significant improvement in clinical symptoms of prostatism in about 50% of patients, when double-blind, large multicenter studies were conducted with one of these drugs. Although these results suggest a very important role for androgen, particularly DHT, in the pathogenesis of BPH, other abnormalities may coexist since significant numbers of patients do not show a total reversal of disease. There is strong indirect evidence for a possible role for estrogen in the pathogenesis of BPH, and studies are under way to test the effects of estrogen withdrawal on prostate size and symptoms. Similarly, dynamic aspects of prostatic obstruction, which are under alpha-adrenergic regulation, may also be a component of this disease and amenable to therapy with alpha-adrenergic blockers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1720438

  12. Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy for Nonfamilial Adrenal Medullary Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Candel Arenas, Maria Fe; González Valverde, Francisco Miguel; Terol Garaulet, Emilio; Maestre Maderuelo, María; Meoro Avilés, Amparo; Pastor Quirante, Francisco; Albarracín Marín Blázquez, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Sporadic adrenomedullary hyperplasia (AMH) is characterized by a medical history of hypertension, excessive catecholamine excretion, and histomorphometric evidence of increased adrenomedullary tissue relative to the cortex in the absence of multiple endocrine neoplasia. The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis of patients after laparoscopic adrenalectomy for AMH, an early form of sporadic adrenal medulla–related endocrine hypertension, as well as to update our understanding of the clinical features and management of this clinicomorphologic entity. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of patients operated on between 2007 and 2011 at Reina Sofia University General Hospital, Murcia, Spain, with a diagnosis of AMH. Patient characteristics, diagnostic studies, surgical procedures, and histologic findings were analyzed. Results: Seven hypertensive patients with intermittent adrenergic crises were found to have AMH (3 men and 4 women; mean age, 44 years). Catecholamine levels were increased. Radiologic studies included 1 or more of the following: magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, positron emission tomography imaging with fluorodeoxyglucose, dihydroxyphenylalanine–positron emission tomography–computed tomography, Octreoscan (Mallinckrodt Pharmaceuticals, St. Louis, MO, USA) and 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed in all cases. One patient underwent bilateral adrenalectomy because of persistent symptomatology after unilateral adrenalectomy. Surgery was associated with normalization of catecholamine hypersecretion and complete disappearance of symptoms, as well as the reduction or abstention of antihypertensive therapy. Conclusions: Sporadic AMH is a clinicomorphologic entity that may mimic pheochromocytoma clinically. Recent advances in diagnostic and surgical methods have changed the management and outcome of this unusual disease. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy may be recommended as the gold standard in the treatment of this entity. Definitive diagnosis is provided by histologic study. PMID:24018082

  13. Nodular Regenerative Hyperplasia in Common Variable Immunodeficiency

    PubMed Central

    Fuss, Ivan J.; Friend, Julia; Yang, Zhiqong; He, Ping; Hooda, Lubna; Boyer, James; Xi, Liqiang; Raffeld, Mark; Kleiner, David E.; Heller, Theo; Strober, Warren

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Patients with Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) are subject to the development of a liver disease syndrome known as nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH). The purpose of this study was to define the characteristics and course of this complication of CVID. Methods CVID patients were evaluated by retrospective and prospective clinical course review. Liver biopsy specimens were evaluated for evidence of NRH and studied via RT-PCR for cytokine analysis. Results NRH in our CVID patient population occurred in approximately 5% of the 261 patients in our total CVID study group, initially presenting in most cases with an elevated alkaline phosphatase level. While in some patients the disease remained static, in a larger proportion a more severe disease developed characterized by portal hypertension, the latter leading to hypersplenism with neutropenia and thrombocytopenia and, in some cases, to ascites. In addition, a substantial proportion of patients either developed or presented initially with an autoimmune hepatitis-like (AIH-like) liver disease that resulted in severe liver dysfunction and, in most cases to death due to infections. The liver histologic findings in these AIH-like patients were characterized by underlying NRH pattern with superimposed interface hepatitis, lymphocytic infiltration and fibrosis. Immunologic studies of biopsies of NRH patients demonstrated the presence of infiltrating T cells producing IFN-?, suggesting that the NRH is due to an autoimmune process. Conclusion Overall, these studies provide evidence that NRH may not be benign but, can be a severe and potentially fatal disease complication of CVID that merits close monitoring and intervention. PMID:23420139

  14. Current Laser Treatments for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Son, Hwancheol; Song, Sang Hoon

    2010-01-01

    The latest technical improvements in the surgical armamentarium are remarkable. In particular, advancements in the urologic field are so exceptional that we could observe the flare-up of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer and laser prostatectomy for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) and holmium laser prostatectomy are the most generalized options for laser surgery of BPH, and both modalities have shown good postoperative results. In comparison to transurethral prostatectomy (TURP), they showed similar efficacy and a much lower complication rate in randomized prospective clinical trials. Even in cases of large prostates, laser prostatectomy showed comparable efficacy and safety profiles compared to open prostatectomy. From a technical point of view, PVP is considered to be an easier technique for the urologist to master. Furthermore, patients can be safely followed up in an outpatient clinic. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) mimics open prostatectomy because the adenomatous tissue is peeled off the surgical capsule in both procedures. Therefore, HoLEP shows notable volume reduction of the prostate similar to open prostatectomy with fewer blood transfusions, shorter hospital stay, and cost reduction regardless of prostate size. Outcomes of laser prostatectomy for BPH are encouraging but sometimes are unbalanced because safety and feasibility studies were reported mainly for PVP, whereas long-term data are mostly available for HoLEP. We need longer-term randomized clinical data to identify the reoperation rate of PVP and to determine which procedure is the ideal alternative to TURP and open prostatectomy for each patient. PMID:21165192

  15. Photoselective Vaporization for the Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Bowen, James M.; Whelan, J. Paul; Hopkins, Robert B.; Burke, Natasha; Woods, Edward A.; McIsaac, Gary P.; O’Reilly, Daria J.; Xie, Feng; Sehatzadeh, Shayan; Levin, Leslie; Mathew, Suja P.; Patterson, Lisa L.; Goeree, Ron; Tarride, Jean-Eric

    2013-01-01

    Background As an alternative to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP), photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) provides a bloodless, relatively painless relief of lower urinary tract symptoms for men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Following a review of the evidence in 2006, the Ontario Health Technology Advisory Committee recommended that a study be conducted to evaluate PVP in Ontario. Objectives To compare the clinical effectiveness, safety, cost-effectiveness, and budget impact of PVP compared to conventional TURP for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia in Ontario. Methods A prospective, nonrandomized trial was conducted in 3 Ontario centres. Consenting subjects were assessed at baseline and 1, 3, and 6 months following surgery. Outcome measures included International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), peak urinary flow rate (Qmax), post-void residual (PVR) volume, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), health-related quality of life (HRQOL) using the EuroQol 5 Domain questionnaire, and the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) score. Adverse events, resource utilization, and productivity losses were also assessed. Cost-effectiveness and budget impact analyses were completed using data from the study. Results Between February 2008 and August 2010, 164 subjects were enrolled in the study (n = 140 for PVP and n = 24 for TURP). Treatment outcomes were similar between the 2 groups at 6 months, with the IPSS decreasing similarly over time (P = 0.718). For other treatment outcomes (Qmax, PSA, HRQOL, SHIM) both treatments provided similar benefit over time; only changes in PVR volume favoured PVP (P = 0.018). The majority of PVP patients were managed on an outpatient basis, with only 7.1% requiring admission (all TURP subjects were inpatients). At 6 months, PVP was less costly than TURP ($3,891 versus $4,863; P = 0.001), with similar quality-adjusted life-years (0.448 versus 0.441; P = 0.658). PVP remained the most cost-effective treatment across all decision-making thresholds, with the technology costing less and providing similar clinical outcomes. Extrapolating the results to a provincial level indicated (based on an estimated case volume of 12,335 TURPs) that there is an opportunity to reallocate just over $14 million (Cdn), primarily related to the reduced need for hospital admission. Limitations This study was nonrandomized, and the results should be interpreted with some caution, despite generally similar baseline characteristics between the 2 groups. Recruiting individuals to the TURP arm was a challenge, resulting in a size imbalance between treatment arms. Conclusions Based on this analysis, PVP appears to be a cost-effective alternative to TURP, providing similar clinical benefit at a lower cost to the health system. Plain Language Summary For men with lower urinary tract symptoms due to an enlarged prostate, a laser treatment called photoselective vaporization of the prostate (or PVP) is just as effective as surgery. PVP does not require an overnight stay in the hospital for most men, and it costs almost $1,000 less. This report describes the results of a study that collected information about treatment outcomes, quality of life, and health care use related to PVP and surgery in Ontario. PMID:24019857

  16. AB 32. Pulmonary nodular lymphoid hyperplasia. Case report

    PubMed Central

    Papaemmanouil, Stiliani; Iordanidis, Fotis; Moraitis, Dimitrios; Sakkas, Leonidas

    2012-01-01

    Background Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia is considered to represent a localized form of lymphoid hyperplasia, which presents as a discreet pulmonary mass or masses Median age of diagnosis are 65 years (range, 19-80 years). Chest X-ray and CT scan show an isolated mass (64%) or multiple nodules (36%). Hilar or mediastinal adenopathy may be present is some patients. Patients and methods We describe the case of nodular lymphoid hyperplasia in a 52 year-old woman who presented with pulmonary multiple nodules, bilateral and mediastinal adenopathy, apparent by chest X-ray and CT-scan. Open biopsy was performed from the upper and down lobe of the right lung and from the mediastinal lymph nodes. Macroscopic examination revealed small white nodules, measuring 0.3 to 0.7 cm in maximum diameter. The sections were examined with H+E and followed by immunohistochemical study. Results Histological examination revealed multiple well demarcated nodules consisting of aggregates of lymphoid follicles and sheets of interfollicular small lymphocytes and plasma cells. Lymphoepithelial lesions were absent. The immunohistochemical stains for lymphoid markers were consistent with a reactive process. Bcl-2 protein expression was absent in germinal centers, but presented in the mantle zone and interfollicular T-cells. Similar were the immunohistochemical findings of the lymph nodes study. Conclusions Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia is a benign lesion, although surgical excision is usually needed to allow correct diagnosis. The main entity in the differential diagnosis of nodular lymphoid hyperplasia is BALT lymphoma.

  17. Targeting Stromal Androgen Receptor Suppresses Prolactin-Driven Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

    PubMed Central

    Lai, Kuo-Pao; Huang, Chiung-Kuei; Fang, Lei-Ya; Izumi, Kouji; Lo, Chi-Wen; Wood, Ronald; Kindblom, Jon; Yeh, Shuyuan

    2013-01-01

    Stromal-epithelial interaction plays a pivotal role to mediate the normal prostate growth, the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostate cancer development. Until now, the stromal androgen receptor (AR) functions in the BPH development, and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Here we used a genetic knockout approach to ablate stromal fibromuscular (fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells) AR in a probasin promoter-driven prolactin transgenic mouse model (Pb-PRL tg mice) that could spontaneously develop prostate hyperplasia to partially mimic human BPH development. We found Pb-PRL tg mice lacking stromal fibromuscular AR developed smaller prostates, with more marked changes in the dorsolateral prostate lobes with less proliferation index. Mechanistically, prolactin mediated hyperplastic prostate growth involved epithelial-stromal interaction through epithelial prolactin/prolactin receptor signals to regulate granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor expression to facilitate stromal cell growth via sustaining signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 activity. Importantly, the stromal fibromuscular AR could modulate such epithelial-stromal interacting signals. Targeting stromal fibromuscular AR with the AR degradation enhancer, ASC-J9®, led to the reduction of prostate size, which could be used in future therapy. PMID:23893956

  18. Human immunodeficiency virus and nodular regenerative hyperplasia of liver: A systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Sood, Archita; Castrejón, Mariana; Saab, Sammy

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the diagnosis, pathogenesis, natural history, and management of nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: We performed a systematic review of the medical literature regarding NRH in patients with HIV. Inclusion criteria include reports with biopsy proven NRH. We studied the clinical features of NRH, in particular, related to its presenting manifestation and laboratory values. Combinations of the following keywords were implemented: “nodular regenerative hyperplasia”, “human immunodeficiency virus”, “noncirrhotic portal hypertension”, “idiopathic portal hypertension”, “cryptogenic liver disease”, “highly active antiretroviral therapy” and “didanosine”. The bibliographies of these studies were subsequently searched for any additional relevant publications. RESULTS: The clinical presentation of patients with NRH varies from patients being completely asymptomatic to the development of portal hypertension – namely esophageal variceal bleeding and ascites. Liver associated enzymes are generally normal and synthetic function well preserved. There is a strong association between the occurrence of NRH and the use of antiviral therapies such as didanosine. The management of NRH revolves around treating the manifestations of portal hypertension. The prognosis of NRH is generally good since liver function is preserved. A high index of suspicion is required to make a identify NRH. CONCLUSION: The appropriate management of HIV-infected persons with suspected NRH is yet to be outlined. However, NRH is a clinically subtle condition that is difficult to diagnose, and it is important to be able to manage it according to the best available evidence. PMID:24653794

  19. Irradiation for intimal hyperplasia: implications for peripheral arterial bypass.

    PubMed

    Illig, K A; Soni, A B; Williams, J; Shortell, C K; Okunieff, P; Schell, M; Rubin, P; Green, R M

    2000-03-01

    Irradiation has been shown to inhibit postangioplasty intimal hyperplasia ("restenosis") in unbranched tubes. It seems likely that irradiation will similarly be able to inhibit intimal hyperplasia after a surgical anastomosis at a biochemical and cellular level, but whether it will produce a clinically relevant or even clinically detectable difference is unproved. One possibility is that no clinical effect may occur; the search for a "cure" for intimal hyperplasia has been long and, as yet, unsuccessful. On the other hand, if a strong effect without insurmountable logistical problems could be produced, one major cause of bypass graft failure would be preventable. Not only would the incidence of late graft occlusion, need for reoperation, and limb loss be reduced, but, if patency of prosthetics could be sufficiently improved, the initial operation could be made much easier, faster, and perhaps safer. PMID:10703864

  20. Treatment of benign lymphoid hyperplasia of the orbit with rituximab.

    PubMed

    Ho, Hao H; Savar, Aaron; Samaniego, Felipe; Manning, John; Kasyan, Armen; Pro, Barbara; Esmaeli, Bita

    2010-01-01

    Benign lymphoid hyperplasia is a disorder characterized by polyclonal lymphocytic infiltration of orbital tissues, predominantly with B-cells. Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody directed against CD20, a B-cell marker. Two patients with recurrent orbital masses involving the lacrimal glands were treated with rituximab. The diagnosis of benign lymphoid hyperplasia with predominance of CD20 cells was confirmed in both cases based on a surgical biopsy. Both patients had been previously treated with standard therapies, including high-dose steroids, and one patient had failed external-beam radiation therapy. They both responded well to treatment with intravenous rituximab. Neither patient experienced any side effects associated with rituximab. PMID:20090476

  1. [Intimal hyperplasia within a vascular anastomosis].

    PubMed

    Kur'ianov, P S; Razuvaev, A S; Vavilov, V N

    2008-01-01

    Intimal hyperplasia (IH) appears to rank high amongst plausible causes of reconstructed arteries restenosis. It always occurs in the area of a surgical intervention on a vessel in response to a mechanical lesion. IH is the cause of thrombosis in 15 to 50% of cases following vascular reconstruction during the first year after the operation (with the exception of early thromboses, which are probably caused by an improperly performed interventional technique). Of a wide variety of clinical situations leading to development of IH in the vascular wall, for the purposes of the present review, we singled out the problem concerning the onset and development of this tissue reaction in intervascular anastomoses, which is currently one of the most important issues. Analysing the publications on the problem concerned showed that amongst significantfactors influencing the development of IH in the anastomosis, the investigators single out different parameters of the anastomoses, configuration (either an end-to-end or an end-to-side anastomosis, the use of special inserts and patches within the latter), as well as the use of autologous or synthetic conduits, blanket suture or interrupted suture, peculiarities of local haemodynamics (linear blood flow rate, distribution of parietal fraction forces, zones of stagnation and flow separation), etc. To a certain degree, the published data are rather controversial. There remain many problems, which are either unaddressed as yet, or insufficiently studied, if at all. For instance, while establishing an anastomosis between a bypass graft and an artery, surgeons often resort to endarterectomy. It is not known whether or not this technique would influence the IH pattern in the anastomosis concerned. Neither is it clear whether the high velocity flow exerts a direct damaging action upon the endothelium, whether it promotes the development of IH in the area of the lesion, and if affirmative, then what the mechanisms of this effect really are. Not studied is the role of various types of synthetic fibres and synthetic grafts (except PTFE), various kinds of suture material in the development of IH in the zone of a vascular anastomosis concerned. This of course is far from being a complete list of the challenges requiring further investigation. PMID:19791568

  2. Development and validation of a tool for identifying women with low bone mineral density and low-impact fractures: the São Paulo Osteoporosis Risk Index (SAPORI)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. M. Pinheiro; E. T. Reis Neto; F. S. Machado; F. Omura; J. Szejnfeld; V. L. Szejnfeld

    Summary  The performance of the São Paulo Osteoporosis Risk Index (SAPORI) was tested in 1,915 women from the original cohort, São\\u000a Paulo Osteoporosis Study (SAPOS) (N?=?4332). This new tool was able to identify women with low bone density (spine and hip) and low-impact fracture, with an\\u000a area under the receiving operator curve (ROC) of 0.831, 0.724, and 0.689, respectively.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Introduction  A number

  3. The Occupational Mix Adjustment to the Medicare Hospital Wage Index: Why the Rural Impact Is Less than Expected

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiter, Kristin L.; Slifkin, Rebecca; Holmes, George M.

    2008-01-01

    Context: Rural hospitals are heavily dependent on Medicare for their long-term financial solvency. A recent change to Medicare prospective payment system reimbursement--the occupational mix adjustment (OMA) to the wage index--has attracted a great deal of attention in rural policy circles. Purpose: This paper explores variation in the OMA across…

  4. Studies of the Impact of a Liver Glucokinase Promoter Variant on Glucose Tolerance and Insulin Sensitivity Index

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SØREN A. URHAMMER; TORBEN HANSEN; LISELOTTE BRIX JENSEN; JESPER O. CLAUSEN; LARS HANSEN; KEN C. CHUI; OLUF PEDERSEN

    Because a frequently occurring nucleotide substitution at position 2258 in the liver glucokinase promoter has been reported to be as- sociated with impaired promoter activity, we have examined in Dan- ish Caucasians whether this variant is associated with alterations in glucose tolerance and\\/or the insulin sensitivity index (Si). Among 246 Danish Caucasian patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mel- litus, the allelic

  5. Role of metabolic environment on nitric oxide mediated inhibition of neointimal hyperplasia in type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez, Monica P; Emond, Zachary M; Wang, Zheng; Martinez, Janet; Jiang, Qun; Kibbe, Melina R

    2014-01-30

    Nitric oxide (NO) is well known to inhibit neointimal hyperplasia following arterial injury. Previously, we reported that NO was more effective at inhibiting neointimal hyperplasia in a type 2 diabetic environment than control. We also found that NO was ineffective in an uncontrolled type 1 diabetic environment; however, insulin restored the efficacy of NO. Thus, the goal of this study was to more closely evaluate the effect of insulin and glucose on the efficacy of NO at inhibiting neointimal hyperplasia in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic environments using different doses of insulin as well as pioglitazone. Type 1 diabetes was induced in male lean Zucker (LZ) rats with streptozotocin (60 mg/kg IP). Groups included control, moderate glucose control, and tight glucose control. Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats fed Purina 5008 chow were used as a type 2 diabetic model. Groups included no therapy, insulin therapy, or pioglitazone therapy. After 4 weeks of maintaining group assignments, the carotid artery injury model was performed. Treatment groups included: control, injury and injury plus NO. 2 weeks following arterial injury, in the type 1 diabetic rats, NO most effectively reduced the neointimal area in the moderate and tightly controlled groups (81% and 88% vs. 33%, respectively, p=0.01). In type 2 diabetic rats, the metabolic environment had no impact on the efficacy of NO (81-82% reduction for all groups). Thus, in this study, we show NO is effective at inhibiting neointimal hyperplasia in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic environments. A greater understanding of how the metabolic environment may impact the efficacy of NO may lead to the development of more effective NO-based therapies for patients with diabetes. PMID:24333562

  6. Dihydrotestosterone and the Concept of 5?–Reductase Inhibition in Human Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Bartsch; R. S. Rittmaster; H. Klocker

    2000-01-01

    Objective:The development of the human benign prostatic hyperplasia clearly requires a combination of testicular androgens and aging. Although the role of androgens as the causative factor for human benign prostatic hyperplasia is debated, they undoubtedly have at least a permissive role. The principal prostatic androgen is dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Although not elevated in human benign prostatic hyperplasia, DHT levels in the

  7. Gene delivery to aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts in a large animal model of intimal hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jason A Petrofski; Jonathan A Hata; Thomas R Gehrig; Steven I Hanish; Matthew L Williams; Richard B Thompson; Cyrus J Parsa; Walter J Koch; Carmelo A Milano

    2004-01-01

    ObjectiveMore than 50% of aortocoronary saphenous vein grafts are occluded 10 years after surgery. Intimal hyperplasia is an initial, critical step in the progression toward occlusion. To date, no clinically relevant large animal models of aortocoronary saphenous vein graft intimal hyperplasia have been fully characterized. Gene therapy holds promise as a novel treatment for aortocoronary saphenous vein graft intimal hyperplasia.

  8. Serenoa Repens, lycopene and selenium: a triple therapeutic approach to manage benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Minutoli, L; Bitto, A; Squadrito, F; Marini, H; Irrera, N; Morgia, G; Passantino, A; Altavilla, D

    2013-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a major health concern that is likely to have an increasing impact in line with the gradual aging of the population. BPH is characterized by smooth muscle and epithelial proliferation primarily within the prostatic transition zone that can cause a variety of problems for patients, the most frequent are the lower urinary tract symptoms. BPH is thought to involve in disruption of dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-supported homeostasis between cell proliferation and cell death, and, as a result, proliferative processes predominate and apoptotic processes are inhibited. Phytotherapeutic supplements, mainly based on Saw Palmetto-derived Serenoa Repens (SeR), are numerous and used frequently. Serenoa Repens reduces inflammation and decreases in vivo the androgenic support to prostatic cell growth. Furthermore, SeR stimulates the apoptotic machinery; however, data supporting efficacy is limited, making treatment recommendations difficult. Besides SeR, selenium (Se), an essential trace element mainly functioning through selenoproteins and able to promote an optimal antioxidant/oxidant balance, and lycopene (Ly), a dietary carotenoid synthesized by plants, fruits, and microorganisms with a strong antioxidant activity, has been shown to exert beneficial effects in prostate disease. SeR is frequently associated with Ly and Se, in order to increase its therapeutic activity in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). It has been shown that the Ly-Se-SeR association has a greater and enhanced antiinflammatory activity that might be of particular interest in the treatment of BPH. The Ly-Se-SeR association is also more effective than SeR alone in reducing prostate weight and hyperplasia, in augmenting the pro-apoptotic Bax and caspase-9 and blunting the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 mRNA. In addition, Ly-Se-SeR more efficiently suppresses the EGF and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) expressions in hyperplastic prostates. Therefore, SeR particularly when combined with Se and Ly may have a greater potential for the management of benign prostate hyperplasia. PMID:23432584

  9. Development and validation of a macroinvertebrate index of biotic integrity (IBI) for assessing urban impacts to Northern California freshwater wetlands

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kevin B. Lunde; Vincent H. Resh

    Despite California policies requiring assessment of ambient wetland condition and compensatory wetland mitigations, no intensive\\u000a monitoring tools have been developed to evaluate freshwater wetlands within the state. Therefore, we developed standardized,\\u000a wadeable field methods to sample macroinvertebrate communities and evaluated 40 wetlands across Northern California to develop\\u000a a macroinvertebrate index of biotic integrity (IBI). A priori reference sites were selected

  10. Not so benign endometrial hyperplasia: Endometrial cancer after endometrial ablation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard J. Gimpelson

    1997-01-01

    The masking or development of endometrial cancer after endometrial ablation is a concern often alluded to in discussions of complications of endometrial ablation. It is necessary to look for a common factor when this complication occurs. Six cases published in peer-reviewed literature were collected to establish a link between the development of endometrial cancer and endometrial ablation. Preexisting endometrial hyperplasia

  11. Early Hormonal Influences on Cognitive Functioning in Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Resnick, Susan M.; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Reports the results of cognitive test performance and early childhood activities in individuals with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, an autosomal recessive disorder associated with elevated prenatal adrenal androgen levels, demonstrating the effects of early exposure to excess androgenizing hormones on sexually dimorphic cognitive functioning.…

  12. Thorotrast associated nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver.

    PubMed

    Beer, T W; Carr, N J; Buxton, P J

    1998-12-01

    A case of nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) of the liver is described in association with exposure to the radiographic contrast medium Thorotrast. This is the first case in which the pathological findings have been fully documented. It is suggested that NRH may have developed through Thorotrast induced damage to portal vein radicles. PMID:10070340

  13. Primary aldosteronism due to unilateral adrenal hyperplasia: a case report.

    PubMed

    Chen, L G; Lee, T I; Lin, H D; Wang, H C; Liu, W Y; Tang, K T

    1997-02-01

    Primary aldosteronism is one of the differential diagnosis of secondary hypertension. This is usually caused by an aldosterone producing adenoma or bilateral adrenal hyperplasia which comprise about 65% and 30% of the cases, respectively. However, less than 1% of primary aldosteronism is caused by unilateral adrenal hyperplasia which is a relatively rare subset of primary aldosteronism. The clinical and biochemical manifestations of the disorder are indistinguishable from aldosterone-producing tumor, and a definitive diagnosis can only be made by pathological finding. A 33-year-old male Chinese patient presented with hypertension, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, and the hypersecretion of aldosterone associated with suppressed plasma renin activity which is a typical hallmark of primary aldosteronism. Image studies including both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 131I NIP-59 scan as well as postural test suggested an aldosterone-producing tumor of the right adrenal gland. Unilateral adrenectomy and pathological examination of the right adrenal gland eventually proved a case of unilateral adrenal hyperplasia. Blood pressure, plasma potassium, aldosterone and renin activity levels returned to normal two weeks after operation and had remained normal at up to one year of follow up. In addition, a saline loading test showed normal suppression of plasma aldosterone level one year after the operation, suggesting that the function of the left adrenal gland remains normal. The etiology of unilateral adrenal hyperplasia is unclear and the future recurrence of the disease is possible. Long-term follow-up is necessary to ensure the cure of this disorder. PMID:9175301

  14. Mistaken gender identity in non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Kukreti, Prerna; Kandpal, Manish; Jiloha, R. C.

    2014-01-01

    Gender identity is the sense of belonging that one feels for a particular sex psychologically and socially, independent of one's biological sex. There is much less systematic data on gender identity in females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We report a case of non-classical CAH presenting as a case of gender identity disorder. PMID:24891708

  15. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia: an unusual presentation in a child.

    PubMed

    Huang, Margaret; Lloyd, William C; O'Hara, Mary

    2008-06-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a benign proliferation that usually presents as pink to brown dermal nodules in the head and neck region of young adults. We present a biopsy-proven case of ALHE arising in the conjunctiva of an 11-year-old girl. The lesion was treated with excision. After 2 years there has been no recurrence. PMID:18356092

  16. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (alhe): a rare entity for otolaryngologist.

    PubMed

    Ghimire, Anand; Singh, Ishwar; Bhattarai, Manav; Pandey, Sagar Raj

    2006-09-01

    A case of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is reported. It is a rare and new disease for an otolaryngologist. The difference between the Kimura's disease and ALHE has been discussed. Though it is rare, ALHE should be kept in differential diagnosis for an auricular swelling. PMID:17203832

  17. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia presenting as an axillary artery aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Kukreja, Neil; Koslowski, Matthias; Insall, Robert

    2011-01-01

    A man in his late 20s presented with a painless swelling in his left axilla accompanied with nocturnal sweating. On examination, there was a well circumscribed, pulsatile lump within the axilla. Subsequent imaging revealed an axillary artery aneurysm with thrombus within. Subsequent surgical repair was undertaken. Subsequent histological examination of the vessel revealed features characteristic of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia. PMID:22696690

  18. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia involving the lacrimal gland: case report.

    PubMed Central

    Cook, H T; Stafford, N D

    1988-01-01

    A case is described of a 25-year-old male who developed angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia involving the tissue over the left parotid gland and subsequently involving the right lacrimal gland with proptosis. Treatment was by excision. Images PMID:3179260

  19. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia showing characteristics of Kimura's disease.

    PubMed

    Chung, T S; Kim, D K; Yoon, M S; Yang, W I

    2000-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare benign condition affecting principally the head and neck region of young females. We describe a 42-year-old female patient of ALHE showing the typical changes of endothelial cells and features similar to Kimura's disease in histologic and immunohistochemical findings. PMID:10692821

  20. Angiolyphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia occurring after venipuncture trauma.

    PubMed

    Stewart, Nicholas; Zagarella, Samuel; Mann, Steve

    2013-05-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE), also known as epithelioid hemangioma, is a benign vascular proliferation of uncertain etiology. Herein, we present the first documented case of ALHE following venipuncture and review the published work regarding the relationship of this entity to preceding trauma. PMID:23488565

  1. Association of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia with Male Pattern Baldness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bong Ryoul Oh; Seong Jin Kim; Jai Dong Moon; Hyeung Nam Kim; Dong Duek Kwon; Young Ho Won; Soo Bang Ryu; Yang Il Park

    1998-01-01

    Objectives. Both benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and male pattern baldness (androgenic alopecia) share the pathogenesis of an androgen-dependent disorder and afflict a large population of elderly men with chronobiologic progress. However, it is unclear whether these diseases are related epidemiologically. We evaluated the association of frequency and severity of male pattern baldness between patients with BPH and a control group.Methods.

  2. Hyperinsulinaemia as a Risk Factor for Developing Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Hammarsten; Benkt Högstedt

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To determine the validity coefficient of the total prostate gland volume as an expression of the transition zone (TZ) volume. To test the hypothesis of hyperinsulinaemia as a causal factor for the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).Patients and Methods: Three hundred and seven consecutive patients with lower urinary tract symptoms were studied. A subgroup of 114 patients were

  3. Is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) an Immune Inflammatory Disease?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gero Kramer; Dieter Mitteregger; Michael Marberger

    2007-01-01

    ObjectivesChronic inflammation has been documented for years in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), but only now has it become evident as a major factor in disease progression. This review highlights the immunologic key features of chronic inflammation in BPH and the present interpretation of these changes in the development and progression of BPH.

  4. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver: diagnosis by liver biopsy.

    PubMed Central

    Qizilbash, A. H.; Castelli, M.

    1980-01-01

    Specimens of liver obtained by needle biopsy from two patients with rheumatoid arthritis showed features of nodular regenerative hyperplasia. In one patient the nodularity was apparent on gross examination of the specimen. Portal hypertension was present in the other patient. The cause and pathogenesis of the disorder are poorly understood. Images FIG. 1 FIG. 2 FIG. 3 PMID:7388707

  5. Focal fibrous hyperplasia: A review of 193 cases

    PubMed Central

    de Santana Santos, Thiago; Martins-Filho, Paulo Ricardo Saquete; Piva, Marta Rabello; de Souza Andrade, Emanuel Sávio

    2014-01-01

    Context: Focal fibrous hyperplasia, also known as irritation or traumatic fibroma, is a reactive, inflammatory hyperplastic lesion of the connective tissue. Aim: The aim of this study is to perform a retrospective study of a focal fibrous hyperplasia of 18 years. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 193 cases of focal fibrous hyperplasia of the oral cavity from the medical and histological reports of the Department of Oral Pathology, Pernambuco University, Brazil, during the period between January 1992 and December 2009. Settings and Design: Data with regard to age, gender, location, size of the lesion (equal to or less than 1 cm, between 1 and 2 cm and greater than 2 cm), pain, history of trauma, treatment, length of follow-up (from diagnosis to release or last review) and recurrence, were collected. Results: The most commonly affected site was the buccal mucosa (n = 119, 61.7%). Almost two-thirds of the cases were concentrated from the second to the fifth decade of life. Females were more affected than men and a history of trauma was related by 90.7% of the patients. Two recurrences were notified (1.0%). Conclusion: Further studies are needed on the distribution of the lesion in different ethnic and geographical populations. The influence of sex hormones on the development of focal fibrous hyperplasia must be clarified. PMID:25364187

  6. Psychosexual Development of Women with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth J. Zucker; Susan J. Bradley; Gillian Oliver; Jennifer Blake; Susan Fleming; Jane Hood

    1996-01-01

    Women with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) (N= 31) and their unaffected sisters or female cousins (N= 15) participated in a study of psychosexual development. All participants were ?18 years of age (mean age, 25 years; range, 18–40). Comparisons were also made between the CAH women with the salt-wasting (SW) form of the disorder and those with simple virilization (SV). A

  7. Parathyroid hyperplasia: an unusual cause of neonatal hypercalcemia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary S Payne; Dana L Suskind; Alfonso Vargas; Randall Craver; Donald C Liu

    2001-01-01

    Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in infants is caused by parathyroid chief cell hyperplasia. Patients present with symptoms of chronic hypercalcemia, such as failure to thrive, irritability, abdominal pain, and anorexia. Medical therapy is inadequate, often resulting in chronic hypercalcemia or death. Partial or total surgical removal of the parathyroid gland is the preferred treatment. We describe a case of a 7-month-old

  8. Osteopontin Mediates Citrobacter rodentium-Induced Colonic Epithelial Cell Hyperplasia and Attaching-Effacing Lesions

    PubMed Central

    Wine, Eytan; Shen-Tu, Grace; Gareau, Mélanie G.; Goldberg, Harvey A.; Licht, Christoph; Ngan, Bo-Yee; Sorensen, Esben S.; Greenaway, James; Sodek, Jaro; Zohar, Ron; Sherman, Philip M.

    2010-01-01

    Although osteopontin (OPN) is up-regulated in inflammatory bowel diseases, its role in disease pathogenesis remains controversial. The objective of this study was to determine the role of OPN in host responses to a non-invasive bacterial pathogen, Citrobacter rodentium, which serves as a murine infectious model of colitis. OPN gene knockout and wild-type mice were infected orogastrically with either C. rodentium or Luria-Bertani (LB) broth. Mouse-derived OPN+/+ and OPN?/? fibroblasts were incubated with C. rodentium and attaching-effacing lesions were demonstrated using transmission electron microscopy and immunofluorescence. Colonic expression of OPN was increased by C. rodentium infection of wild-type mice. Furthermore, colonic epithelial cell hyperplasia, the hallmark of C. rodentium infection, was reduced in OPN?/? mice, and spleen enlargement by infection was absent in OPN?/? mice. Rectal administration of OPN to OPN?/? mice restored these effects. There was an 8- to 17-fold reduction in bacterial colonization in OPN?/? mice, compared with wild-type mice, which was accompanied by reduced attaching–effacing lesions, both in infected OPN?/? mice and OPN?/? mouse fibroblasts. Moreover, adhesion pedestals were restored in OPN?/? cells complemented with human OPN. Therefore, lack of OPN results in decreased pedestal formation, colonization, and colonic epithelial cell hyperplasia responses to C. rodentium infection, indicating that OPN impacts disease pathogenesis through bacterial attachment and altered host immune responses. PMID:20651246

  9. [Influence of antioxidants on the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia].

    PubMed

    Mchedlidze M G, M G; Shioshvili, T I

    2006-11-01

    The main objectives of the study was the evaluation of concentration of endogenous antioxidants (Vitamins E, A, C and Beta-carotene) in the blood plasma of elderly men and to determine their roles in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia. There were carried out investigations in 110 men during 2003-2006 in the Urological Clinic of the Tbilisi State Medical Academy. 71 patient entered into the main group (65-81 years old), who were diagnosed for benign prostate hyperplasia. The control group included 30 men (60-80 years old) who did not suffer from the typical signs of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Besides, to evaluate normal levels of endogenous antioxidants (Vitamins E, A, C and Beta-carotene) concentration in the blood plasma additionally were studied young practically healthy 10 persons (20-35 years old), they compiled the second control group. Our study showed that endogenous antioxidants concentration reduces in the blood plasma with the age, this reduction becomes more obvious with the clinical detection of prostate benign hyperplasia. It is recommended for elderly patients to control periodically the endogenous antioxidants level (Vitamins A, C, E and Beta-carotene) in the blood plasma and in the case of changes to get food enriched with vitamins or combined vitamins preparations. This will be accomplice factor for the prophylactic of benign prostatic hyperplasia. This will be prophylactic activity during the conservative treatment process (by alpha-adrenoceptor blocking drugs, phytotherapy medicines, 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors and others). Inclusion of vitamins complexes which contains antioxidants is necessary. Prescription of antioxidants complex after the operative treatment will accelerate the healing process and reduce the rehabilitation period. PMID:17179581

  10. Assessing the true role of coauthors in the h-index measure of an author scientific impact

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ausloos, M.

    2015-03-01

    A method based on the classical principal component analysis leads to demonstrate that the role of co-authors should give a h-index measure to a group leader higher than usually accepted. The method rather easily gives what is usually searched for, i.e. an estimate of the role (or "weight") of co-authors, as the additional value to an author papers' popularity. The construction of the co-authorship popularity H-matrix is exemplified and the role of eigenvalues and the main eigenvector component are discussed. Examples illustrate the points and serve as the basis for suggesting a generally practical application of the concept.

  11. Assessing the true role of coauthors in the h-index measure of an author scientific impact

    E-print Network

    Ausloos, Marcel

    2015-01-01

    A method based on the classical principal component analysis leads to demonstrate that the role of co-authors should give a h-index measure to a group leader higher than usually accepted. The method rather easily gives what is usually searched for, i.e. an estimate of the role (or "weight") of co-authors, as the additional value to an author papers' popularity. The construction of the co-authorship popularity H-matrix is exemplified and the role of eigenvalues and the main eigenvector component are discussed. An example illustrates the points and serves as the basis for suggesting a generally practical application of the concept.

  12. A substrate classification index for the visual assessment of the impact of acid mine drainage in lotic systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. F. Gray

    1996-01-01

    The impact of acid mine drainage (AMD) on lotic receiving waters is complex and difficult to assess. While low pH, elevated sulphate and metals all characterize AMD these vary both spatially and temporally, with high river dilutions resulting in low absolute concentrations which are difficult to measure. From field observations the best indications of AMD contamination of lotic systems appear

  13. Impact of Intellectual Capital on Organisational Performance: An Empirical Study of Companies in the Hang Seng Index (Part 1)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Kin Hang

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper, which is written in two parts, is to investigate empirically if intellectual capital (IC) has an impact on the financial aspects of organisational performance as well as attempting to identify the IC components that may be the drivers for the leading financial indicators of listed companies. The study sought…

  14. Impact of Intellectual Capital on Organisational Performance: An Empirical Study of Companies in the Hang Seng Index (Part 2)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chan, Kin Hang

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper, which is written in two parts, is to investigate empirically if intellectual capital (IC) has an impact on the financial aspects of organisational performance as well as attempting to identify the IC components that may be the drivers for the leading financial indicators of listed companies. The study sought…

  15. Definition and impact of a quality index for radar-based reference measurements in the H-SAF precipitation product validation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rinollo, A.; Vulpiani, G.; Puca, S.; Pagliara, P.; Ka?ák, J.; Lábó, E.; Okon, L'.; Roulin, E.; Baguis, P.; Cattani, E.; Laviola, S.; Levizzani, V.

    2013-10-01

    The EUMETSAT Satellite Application Facility on Support to Operational Hydrology and Water Management (H-SAF) provides rainfall estimations based on infrared and microwave satellite sensors on board polar and geostationary satellites. The validation of these satellite estimations is performed by the H-SAF Precipitation Product Validation Group (PPVG). A common validation methodology has been defined inside the PPVG in order to make validation results from several institutes comparable and understandable. The validation of the PR-OBS-3 (blended infrared-microwave (IR-MW) instantaneous rainfall estimation) product using radar-based rainfall estimations as ground reference is described herein. A network of C-band and Ka-band radars throughout Europe ensures a wide area coverage with different orographic configurations and climatological regimes, but the definition of a quality control protocol for obtaining consistent ground precipitation fields across several countries is required. Among the hydro-meteorological community, the evaluation of the data quality is a quite consolidated practice, even though a unique definition of a common evaluation methodology between different countries and institutions has not been set up yet. Inside H-SAF, the first definition of the quality index of the radar rainfall observations has been introduced at the Italian Civil Protection Department (DPC). In the evaluation of the DPC quality index, several parameters are considered, some measured by the radar itself (static clutter map, range distance, radial velocity, texture of differential reflectivity, texture of co-polar correlation coefficient and texture of differential phase shift) and some obtained by external sources (digital elevation model, freezing layer height). In some cases, corrections were applied for clutter and beam blocking. The DPC quality index was calculated and applied to some relevant meteorological events reported by a radar test site in Italy. The precipitation field derived by radar data was compared with the PR-OBS-3 precipitation product, with varying thresholds of quality index: the impact of the introduction of the quality index defined on the statistical results of the satellite product validation as well as their sensitivity to the threshold choice were thus evaluated. Results show that PR-RMSE (a relative RMSE here introduced) is reduced from values between 2.5 and 3 to values around 1 when the quality threshold is increased from 0 (no threshold) to 0.8. Fractional standard error also decreases, from values around 2 to values around 1.5 in the same span of the quality threshold.

  16. Indexing Images.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasmussen, Edie M.

    1997-01-01

    Focuses on access to digital image collections by means of manual and automatic indexing. Contains six sections: (1) Studies of Image Systems and their Use; (2) Approaches to Indexing Images; (3) Image Attributes; (4) Concept-Based Indexing; (5) Content-Based Indexing; and (6) Browsing in Image Retrieval. Contains 105 references. (AEF)

  17. Impact of adulthood stage and social-environmental context on body mass index and physical activity of individuals with intellectual disability.

    PubMed

    Hsieh, Kelly; Heller, Tamar; Bershadsky, Julie; Taub, Sarah

    2015-04-01

    Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are at risk for obesity and physical inactivity. We analyzed a subset of 2009-2010 National Core Indicators (NCI) database to examine (1) the impact of three adulthood stages- younger (20-39 years), middle (40-59 years), and older (60 years and older) on Body Mass Index (BMI) and physical activity (PA); and (2) the relationship between social-environmental context (i.e., residence type, everyday choices, and community participation) and BMI and PA, with adjustment for individual characteristics of the adults with ID. Findings highlight the need to pay more attention to obesity by providing health education and emphasizing healthy choices. Results also suggest the importance of community participation as a way of promoting more physical activity. PMID:25860448

  18. Epidemiology and etiology of benign prostatic hyperplasia and bladder outlet obstruction

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Nishant D.; Parsons, J. Kellogg

    2014-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a histological diagnosis associated with unregulated proliferation of connective tissue, smooth muscle and glandular epithelium. BPH may compress the urethra and result in anatomic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO); BOO may present as lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), infections, retention and other adverse events. BPH and BOO have a significant impact on the health of older men and health-care costs. As the world population ages, the incidence and prevalence of BPH and LUTS have increased rapidly. Although non-modifiable risk factors – including age, genetics and geography – play significant roles in the etiology of BPH and BOO, recent data have revealed modifiable risk factors that present new opportunities for treatment and prevention, including sex steroid hormones, the metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, diet, physical activity and inflammation. We review the natural history, definitions and key risk factors of BPH and BOO in epidemiological studies. PMID:24744516

  19. Qianliening capsule inhibits benign prostatic hyperplasia angiogenesis via the HIF-1? signaling pathway

    PubMed Central

    LIN, JIUMAO; ZHOU, JIANHENG; XU, WEI; HONG, ZHENFENG; PENG, JUN

    2014-01-01

    Angiogenesis plays an important role in the progression and development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and has become a promising target for BPH treatment. The hypoxia-inducible factor-1? (HIF-1?) signaling pathway promotes the process of angiogenesis, contributing to the growth and progression of a number of hyperplasia diseases, including BPH. Qianliening capsule (QC) is a traditional Chinese formula that has been used clinically in China to treat BPH for a number of years. Recently, QC was demonstrated to inhibit prostatic cell growth and induce apoptosis in vivo and in vitro via regulating the epidermal growth factor/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling pathway and mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis pathway. However, the mechanisms underlying the anti-BPH effect remain largely unknown. To further elucidate the mechanism of QC activity in BPH treatment, a rat BPH model established by injecting testosterone following castration was established and the effect of QC on prostatic tissue angiogenesis was evaluated, as well as the underlying molecular mechanisms. QC was shown to reduce the prostatic index in BPH rats, but without affecting the body weight, demonstrating that QC is effective in the treatment of BPH and without apparent toxicity. In addition, QC treatment significantly reduced the intraprostatic microvessel density, indicating antiangiogenesis activity in vivo. In addition, treatment with QC inhibited the expression of HIF-1? in BPH rats, as well as the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor. Therefore, for the first time, the present study hypothesized that QC inhibits angiogenesis in prostatic tissue of BPH rats via the inhibition of the HIF-1? signaling pathway, which may be one of the mechanisms in which QC treats BPH. PMID:24944609

  20. Pictures of focal nodular hyperplasia and hepatocellular adenomas

    PubMed Central

    Sempoux, Christine; Balabaud, Charles; Bioulac-Sage, Paulette

    2014-01-01

    This practical atlas aims to help liver and non liver pathologists to recognize benign hepatocellular nodules on resected specimen. Macroscopic and microscopic views together with immunohistochemical stains illustrate typical and atypical aspects of focal nodular hyperplasia and of hepatocellular adenoma, including hepatocellular adenomas subtypes with references to clinical and imaging data. Each step is important to make a correct diagnosis. The specimen including the nodule and the non-tumoral liver should be sliced, photographed and all different looking areas adequately sampled for paraffin inclusion. Routine histology includes HE, trichrome and cytokeratin 7. Immunohistochemistry includes glutamine synthase and according to the above results additional markers such as liver fatty acid binding protein, C reactive protein and beta catenin may be realized to differentiate focal nodular hyperplasia from hepatocellular adenoma subtypes. Clues for differential diagnosis and pitfalls are explained and illustrated. PMID:25232451

  1. Prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia: risks outweigh benefits.

    PubMed

    Miller, Walter L; Witchel, Selma Feldman

    2013-05-01

    Prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia by administering dexamethasone to a woman presumed to be carrying an at-risk fetus has been described as safe and effective in several reports. A review of data from animal experimentation and human trials indicates that first-trimester dexamethasone decreases birthweight; affects renal, pancreatic beta cell, and brain development; increases anxiety; and predisposes to adult hypertension and hyperglycemia. In human studies, first-trimester dexamethasone is associated with orofacial clefts, decreased birthweight, poorer verbal working memory, and poorer self-perception of scholastic and social competence. Numerous medical societies have cautioned that prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia with dexamethasone should only be done in prospective clinical research settings with institutional review board approval, and therefore is not appropriate for routine community practice. PMID:23123167

  2. Clinical outcomes of childhood x-irradiation for lymphoid hyperplasia

    SciTech Connect

    Pottern, L.M.

    1987-01-01

    A prospective study was conducted to explore the relationship between childhood x-irradiation for lymphoid hyperplasia and the subsequent development of thyroid gland and other head and neck disorders. All individuals under 18 years of age who were x-irradiated for lymphoid hyperplasia during the years 1938-69 at Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston comprised the exposed population. The comparison group consisted of non-exposed, surgically treated individuals. The study included a health questionnaire and a clinical examination component. A history of thyroid cancer was reported by 11 exposed subjects and no non-exposed subjects. Significantly elevated standardized incidence ratios of thyroid cancer were seen for both exposed males and females, 19.9 and 12.1, respectively. The average thyroid radiation dose was 25.8 rads and the mean latency period was 17.3 years.

  3. Impact of norepinephrine on the relationship between pleth variability index and pulse pressure variations in ICU adult patients

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Pleth Variability Index (PVI) is an automated and continuous calculation of respiratory variations in the perfusion index. PVI correlates well with respiratory variations in pulse pressure (?PP) and is able to predict fluid responsiveness in the operating room. ICU patients may receive vasopressive drugs, which modify vascular tone and could affect PVI assessment. We hypothesized that the correlation between PVI and ?PP and the ability of PVI to identify patients with ?PP > 13% is dependent on norepinephrine (NE) use. Methods 67 consecutive mechanically ventilated patients in the ICU were prospectively included. Three were excluded. The administration and dosage of NE, heart rate, mean arterial pressure, PVI and ?PP were measured simultaneously. Results In all patients, the correlation between PVI and ?PP was weak (r2 = 0.21; p = 0.001). 23 patients exhibited a ?PP > 13%. A PVI > 11% was able to identify patients with a ?PP > 13% with a sensitivity of 70% (95% confidence interval: 47%-87%) and a specificity of 71% (95% confidence interval: 54%-84%). The area under the curve was 0.80 ± 0.06. 35 patients (53%) received norepinephrine (NE(+)). In NE(+) patients, PVI and ?PP were not correlated (r2 = 0.04, p > 0.05) and a PVI > 10% was able to identify patients with a ?PP > 13% with a sensitivity of 58% (95% confidence interval: 28%-85%) and a specificity of 61% (95% confidence interval:39%-80%). The area under the ROC (receiver operating characteristics) curve was 0.69 ± 0.01. In contrast, NE(-) patients exhibited a correlation between PVI and ?PP (r2 = 0.52; p < 0.001) and a PVI > 10% was able to identify patients with a ?PP > 13% with a sensitivity of 100% (95% confidence interval: 71%-100%) and a specificity of 72% (95% confidence interval: 49%-90%). The area under the ROC curve was 0.93 ± 0.06 for NE(-) patients and was significantly higher than the area under the ROC curve for NE(+) patients (p = 0.02). Conclusions Our results suggest that in mechanically ventilated adult patients, NE alters the correlation between PVI and ?PP and the ability of PVI to predict ?PP > 13% in ICU patients. PMID:21749695

  4. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the parapharyngeal space.

    PubMed

    Backhouse, S S; Shone, G R; Douglas-Jones, A G

    1998-08-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign condition characterized by cutaneous nodules with a predeliction for the head and neck region. Extracutaneous involvement is rare. We report a 44-year-old woman who had a large submucosal ALHE tumour in the parapharyngeal space. Our patient is of interest because of the unusual, and as far as we are aware from the literature, unique site and presentation of her lesion. PMID:9850333

  5. Profound proliferating angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of pregnancy mimicking angiosarcoma.

    PubMed

    Marcum, Catherine B; Zager, Jonathan S; Bélongie, Iriana P; Messina, Jane L; Fenske, Neil Alan

    2011-09-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare benign vascular proliferation that clinically manifests as nodules and papules of the head and neck region. We report a profound, rapidly proliferating case of ALHE in a 3-week postpartum woman that clinically mimicked angiosarcoma. The clinical and histologic features of ALHE, Kitamura disease, and cutaneous angiosarcoma are reviewed, and the relationship between ALHE and pregnancy is discussed. PMID:22017064

  6. Epithelioid Hemangioma (Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia) in Zosteriform Distribution

    PubMed Central

    Kurihara, Yuichi; Inoue, Hiroyoshi; Kiryu, Hiromaro; Furue, Masutaka

    2012-01-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) or angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign disease. We report an unusual case of EH (ALHE) that arose on the lower back in a zosteriform array. The presence of the characteristic histological appearance of plump endothelial cells with hobnail-like protrusions led to the diagnosis of EH (ALHE). Histological examination of the lesion also revealed the existence of arteriovenous shunts, the possible factor contributing to the pathogenesis of EH (ALHE). PMID:23112366

  7. Epithelioid hemangioma (angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia) in zosteriform distribution.

    PubMed

    Kurihara, Yuichi; Inoue, Hiroyoshi; Kiryu, Hiromaro; Furue, Masutaka

    2012-09-01

    Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) or angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign disease. We report an unusual case of EH (ALHE) that arose on the lower back in a zosteriform array. The presence of the characteristic histological appearance of plump endothelial cells with hobnail-like protrusions led to the diagnosis of EH (ALHE). Histological examination of the lesion also revealed the existence of arteriovenous shunts, the possible factor contributing to the pathogenesis of EH (ALHE). PMID:23112366

  8. Overview of interventional treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Elhilali, Mostafa M.

    2012-01-01

    Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) remains the gold standard surgical intervention for men with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). However, there are other, newer technologies that have also demonstrated safety and efficacy at least equivalent to that of TURP (e.g., Holmium laser, photoselective vaporization of the prostate). These minimally invasive techniques may be particularly useful for selected patient populations (e.g., those on anticoagulant therapy). PMID:23092781

  9. Supernumerary nostril: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia with a rare congenital anomaly

    PubMed Central

    Ciloglu, Sinem; Duran, Alpay; Buyukdogan, Hasan; Yigit, Ahmet K.

    2014-01-01

    Multiple or supernumerary nostril is a rare congenital anomaly with unknown etiology. The first case was reported by Lindsay as bilateral supernumerary nostrils. Supernumerary nostril cases are mostly unilateral and isolated. They are also reported with other congenital malformations like facial clefts and congenital anomalies like congenital auricular hypoplasia, congenital cataracts, eusophageal atresia and patent ductus arteriosus. Here, we report a case of supernumerary nostril with congenital adrenal hyperplasia PMID:25593872

  10. Conservative non-instrumental treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. H. Ruud Bosch

    1997-01-01

    This paper critically reviews the clinical effects in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients that can be achieved with the presently available medical treatment options. The classes of drugs that are reviewed include: 5-a-reductase inhibitors,a-blockers, cholesterol-lowering agents and phytotherapeutic drugs. Only double-blind placebo-controlled studies with a duration of at least 3 months that have reported symptomatic changes and changes in flow

  11. [High condylectomy for control of pathological growth in condylar hyperplasia].

    PubMed

    Appel, T; Niederhagen, B; Braumann, B; Reich, R H

    1997-05-01

    With the aim of eliminating pathological growth during the active period of condylar hyperplasia, 17 patients were treated with a high condylectomy with a retroauricular incision. Postoperatively none of the patients showed signs of continuing growth activity neither clinically nor roentgenologically. Thus, the high condylectomy can be recommended as a reliable technique to stop pathological and untimely growth with a low risk of complications, before occlusion and skeletal asymmetry are corrected by orthodontic surgery. PMID:9424366

  12. Therapeutic options in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Sandhu, Jaspreet S

    2009-01-01

    Current theraputic options for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are reviewed. Therapeutic options for mild lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), as defined by the American Urological Association, are generally treated medically. Moderate to severe LUTS can be treated medically or with surgical therapy. Current medical and surgical treatments for LUTS secondary to BPH are reviewed and evolving treatments are explored. PMID:19936164

  13. Vaginal hyperplasia in the bitch: Literature review and commentary

    PubMed Central

    Post, Klaas; Van Haaften, Bas; Okkens, Auke C.

    1991-01-01

    We reviewed the incidence, etiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis, treatments and prevention of canine vaginal hyperplasia, and describe a simple surgical technique for its correction as practiced at the Small Animal Clinic, State University of Utrecht, The Netherlands. Many different treatments have been used, and some are novel approaches. In many cases, prevention is accomplished if the bitch is ovariectomized; there is a high incidence of recurrence with medical treatment. PMID:17423719

  14. Impact of Pretreatment Body Mass Index on Patients With Head-and-Neck Cancer Treated With Radiation

    SciTech Connect

    Pai, Ping-Ching [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University at Lin-Kou, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Chuang, Chi-Cheng [Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University at Lin-Kou, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Tseng, Chen-Kan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University at Lin-Kou, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Tsang, Ngan-Ming, E-mail: ss0122@adm.cgmh.org.tw [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University at Lin-Kou, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Chang, Kai-Ping [Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University at Lin-Kou, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Yen, Tzu-Chen [Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University at Lin-Kou, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Liao, Chun-Ta [Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University at Lin-Kou, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Hong, Ji-Hong; Chang, Joseph Tung-Chieh [Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and University at Lin-Kou, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China)

    2012-05-01

    Purpose: To investigate the association of pretreatment body mass index (preT BMI) with outcomes of head-and-neck cancer in patients treated with radiotherapy (RT). Methods and Materials: All 1,562 patients diagnosed with head-and-neck cancer and treated with curative-intent RT to a dose of 60 Gy or higher were retrospectively studied. Body weight was measured both at entry and at the end of RT. Cancer-specific survival (CSS), overall survival (OS), locoregional control (LRC), and distant metastasis (DM) were analyzed by preT BMI (<25 kg/m{sup 2} vs. {>=}25 kg/m{sup 2}). The median follow-up was 8.6 years. Results: Patients with lower preT BMI were statistically significantly associated with poorer CSS and OS than those with higher preT BMI. There was no significant difference between preT BMI groups in terms of LRC and DM. Body weight loss (BWL) during radiation did not influence survival outcomes. However, in the group with higher preT BMI, CSS, OS, and DM-free survival of patients with less BWL during radiation were statistically longer when compared with greater BWL. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that higher preT BMI positively influenced survival outcomes for patients with head-and-neck cancer. Patients with higher preT BMI who were able to maintain their weight during radiation had significantly better survival than patients with greater BWL.

  15. Impact of ?-amylase during breadmaking on in vitro kinetics of starch hydrolysis and glycaemic index of enriched bread with bran.

    PubMed

    Sanz-Penella, Juan Mario; Laparra, José Moisés; Haros, Monika

    2014-09-01

    Nowadays, the use of enzymes has become a common practice in the bakery industry, as they can improve dough quality and texture of final product. However, the use of ?-amylases could have a negative effect in the glycaemic load of product, due to the released sugars from the starch hydrolysis that are not used by yeasts during the fermentation process. This study evaluated the effect of the addition of ?-amylase in bakery products with bran on in vitro kinetics of starch hydrolysis. The use of flour with a high degree of extraction or high bran amount could decrease the GI even with the inclusion of ?-amylase in the formulation. It should be taken into account the amount of bran and ?-amylase when formulating breads in order to obtain products with lower GI than white bread. However, the fact that kinetics of starch hydrolysis remained unaltered indicates that the use of ?-amylase in bread-making processes could provide technological advantages improving quality of breads without markedly changes in their glycaemic index. PMID:25074672

  16. Hot spot liver scan in focal nodular hyperplasia

    SciTech Connect

    Piers, D.A. (Univ. Hospital, Groningen, Netherlands); Houthoff, H.J.; Krom, R.A.F.; Schuur, K.H.; Sikkens, H.; Weits, J.

    1980-12-01

    In scintigraphy of the liver with radiocolloid, space-occupying lesions generally are visualized as regions of decreased accumulation of radioactivity. Rarely focal areas of increased activity are depicted; most are related to altered vascular dynamics in the liver secondary to obstruction of the superior or inferior vena cava or the hepatic veins. There are reports of single cases of focally increased activity due to a hepatic hemangioma, hepatic venoocclusive disease, herniation of a part of the liver, and a liver hot spot found after radiocolloid injection via a malpositioned central venous catheter in one of the hepatic vein branches. In patients with focal nodular hyperplasia, liver scans with solitary defects as well as normal patterns are found. In some cases, increased uptake of colloid in the lesion has been documented. Pasquier and Dorta reported a patient with a palpable mass in the left liver lobe with increased accumulation of radioactivity on the radiocolloid liver scan. The histologic diagnosis was hamartoma, but reviewing the description and considering the confusion in the past concerning the nomenclature, this case is suggestive of focal nodular hyperplasia. We report a patient with focal nodular hyperplasia who had increased radiocolloid uptake in the lesion. The radionuclide studies are compared with angiography, sonography, and computed tomography. An explanation for the localized increased colloid accumulation based on histologic findings is suggested.

  17. Social dominance in tilapia is associated with gonadotroph hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Golan, Matan; Levavi-Sivan, Berta

    2013-10-01

    Tilapias are emerging as one of the most important fish in worldwide aquaculture and are also widely used as model fish in the study of reproduction and behavior. During the reproductive season, male tilapia are highly territorial and form spawning pits in which the dominant males court and spawn with available females. Non-territorial males stand a much lower chance of reproducing. Using transgenic tilapia in which follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) gonadotrophs were fluorescently labeled with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP), we studied the effect of social dominance on the hormonal profile and pituitary cell populations in dominant and non-dominant males. Immunofluorescence studies showed that FSH-EGFP-transgenic fish reliably express EGFP in FSH-secreting cells. EGFP expression pattern differed from that of luteinizing hormone. Dominant males had larger gonads as well as higher levels of androgens and gonadotropins in the plasma. Pituitaries of dominant males exhibited higher gonadotropin content and gene expression. Flow cytometry revealed pituitary hyperplasia as well as FSH cell hyperplasia and increased granulation. Taken together, these findings suggest that gonadotroph hyperplasia as well as increased production by individual cells underlie the increased reproductive activity of dominant tilapia males. PMID:23660448

  18. Reliability and Validity of the Nigerian (Hausa) Version of the Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) 3.0 Index

    PubMed Central

    Mohammad, Ashiru Hamza; Al-Sadat, Nabilla; Siew Yim, Loh; Chinna, Karuthan

    2014-01-01

    This study aims to test the translated Hausa version of the stroke impact scale SIS (3.0) and further evaluate its psychometric properties. The SIS 3.0 was translated from English into Hausa and was tested for its reliability and validity on a stratified random sample adult stroke survivors attending rehabilitation services at stroke referral hospitals in Kano, Nigeria. Psychometric analysis of the Hausa-SIS 3.0 involved face, content, criterion, and construct validity tests as well as internal and test-retest reliability. In reliability analyses, the Cronbach's alpha values for the items in Strength, Hand function, Mobility, ADL/IADL, Memory and thinking, Communication, Emotion, and Social participation domains were 0.80, 0.92, 0.90, 0.78, 0.84, 0.89, 0.58, and 0.74, respectively. There are 8 domains in stroke impact scale 3.0 in confirmatory factory analysis; some of the items in the Hausa-SIS questionnaire have to be dropped due to lack of discriminate validity. In the final analysis, a parsimonious model was obtained with two items per construct for the 8 constructs (Chi-square/df < 3, TLI and CFI > 0.9, and RMSEA < 0.08). Cross validation with 1000 bootstrap samples gave a satisfactory result (P?=?0.011). In conclusion, the shorter 16-item Hausa-SIS seems to measure adequately the QOL outcomes in the 8 domains. PMID:25276774

  19. Impact of radiatively interactive dust aerosols in the NASA GEOS-5 climate model: Sensitivity to dust particle shape and refractive index

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colarco, Peter R.; Nowottnick, Edward P.; Randles, Cynthia A.; Yi, Bingqi; Yang, Ping; Kim, Kyu-Myong; Smith, Jamison A.; Bardeen, Charles G.

    2014-01-01

    The radiative effects of Saharan dust aerosols are investigated in the NASA GEOS-5 atmospheric general circulation model. A sectional aerosol microphysics model (CARMA) is run online in GEOS-5. CARMA treats the dust aerosol lifecycle, and its tracers are radiatively coupled to GEOS-5. A series of AMIP-style simulations are performed, in which input dust optical properties (particle shape and refractive index) are varied. Simulated dust distributions for summertime Saharan dust compare well to observations, with best results found when the most absorbing dust optical properties are assumed. Dust absorption leads to a strengthening of the summertime Hadley cell circulation, increased dust lofting to higher altitudes, and a strengthening of the African easterly jet, resulting in increased dust atmospheric lifetime and farther northward and westward transport. We find a positive feedback of dust radiative forcing on emissions, in contrast with previous studies, which we attribute to our having a relatively strong longwave forcing caused by our simulating larger effective particle sizes. This longwave forcing reduces the magnitude of midday net surface cooling relative to other studies, and leads to a nighttime warming that results in higher nighttime wind speeds and dust emissions. The radiative effects of dust particle shape have only minor impact on transport and emissions, with small (~5%) impact on top of atmosphere shortwave forcing, in line with previous studies, but relatively more pronounced effects on shortwave atmospheric heating and surface forcing (~20% increase in atmospheric forcing for spheroids). Shape effects on longwave heating terms are of order ~10%.

  20. Epithelial hyperplasia in human polycystic kidney diseases. Its role in pathogenesis and risk of neoplasia.

    PubMed Central

    Bernstein, J.; Evan, A. P.; Gardner, K. D.

    1987-01-01

    The importance of tubular epithelial hyperplasia in polycystic kidney diseases has become apparent during the last decade. Micropapillary hyperplasia occurs in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, in localized cystic disease, and in acquired cystic disease. Neoplastic or severely dysplastic epithelial hyperplasia occurs in von Hippel-Lindau disease. A histopathologically distinctive epithelial hyperplasia occurs in tuberous sclerosis. In each of these conditions, epithelial hyperplasia may be related to cyst formation and may also impose an increased risk of malignancy--a risk that seems to be highest in patients under treatment with long-term hemodialysis for end-stage kidney disease. Although hyperplasia in some of these diseases may share a common pathway of development, it is more probable that the histopathologic differences reflect different pathogenetic pathways that converge on a common endpoint. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 PMID:3310652

  1. Tomotherapy treatment plan quality assurance: The impact of applied criteria on passing rate in gamma index method

    SciTech Connect

    Bresciani, Sara; Di Dia, Amalia; Maggio, Angelo; Cutaia, Claudia; Miranti, Anna; Infusino, Erminia; Stasi, Michele [Medical Physics Division, Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment (IRCCS), 10060 Candiolo (Italy)] [Medical Physics Division, Institute for Cancer Research and Treatment (IRCCS), 10060 Candiolo (Italy)

    2013-12-15

    Purpose: Pretreatment patient plan verification with gamma index (GI) metric analysis is standard procedure for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the variability of the local and global gamma index obtained during standard pretreatment quality assurance (QA) measurements for plans performed with Tomotherapy unit. The QA measurements were performed with a 3D diode array, using variable passing criteria: 3%/3 mm, 2%/2 mm, 1%/1 mm, each with both local and global normalization.Methods: The authors analyzed the pretreatment QA results for 73 verifications; 37 were prostate cancer plans, 16 were head and neck plans, and 20 were other clinical sites. All plans were treated using the Tomotherapy Hi-Art System. Pretreatment QA plans were performed with the commercially available 3D diode array ArcCHECK™. This device has 1386 diodes arranged in a helical geometry spaced 1 cm apart. The dose measurements were acquired on the ArcCHECK™ and then compared with the calculated dose using the standard gamma analysis method. The gamma passing rate (%GP), defined as the percentage of points satisfying the condition GI < 1, was calculated for different criteria (3%/3 mm, 2%/2 mm, 1%/1 mm) and for both global and local normalization. In the case of local normalization method, the authors set three dose difference threshold (DDT) values of 2, 3, and 5 cGy. Dose difference threshold is defined as the minimum absolute dose error considered in the analysis when using local normalization. Low-dose thresholds (TH) of 5% and 10% were also applied and analyzed.Results: Performing a paired-t-test, the authors determined that the gamma passing rate is independent of the threshold values for all of the adopted criteria (5%TH vs 10%TH, p > 0.1). Our findings showed that mean %GPs for local (or global) normalization for the entire study group were 93% (98%), 84% (92%), and 66% (61%) for 3%/3 mm, 2%/2 mm, and 1%/1 mm criteria, respectively. DDT was equal to 2 cGy for the local normalization analysis cases. The authors observed great variability in the resulting %GP. With 3%/3 mm gamma criteria, the overall passing rate with local normalization was 4.6% less on the average than with global one, as expected. The wide difference between %GP calculated with global or local approach is also confirmed by an unpaired t-test statistical analysis.Conclusions: The variability of %GP obtained confirmed the necessity to establish defined agreement criteria that could be universal and comparable between institutions. In particular, while the gamma passing rate does not depend on the choice of threshold, the choice of DDT strongly influences the gamma passing rate for local calculations. The difference between global and local %GP was statistically significant for prostate and other treatment sites when DDT was changed from 2 to 3 cGy.

  2. The University of Tennessee experience with the Indigo 830e laser device for the minimally invasive treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: interim analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Greenberger; Mitchell S. Steiner

    1998-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common benign tumor in men and is responsible for urinary symptoms in the\\u000a majority of men older than 50 years of age. Although transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the gold standard,\\u000a its complications have impacted upon its utility. As a consequence, new pharmacologic and minimally invasive approaches to\\u000a the management of

  3. Impact

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Snyder, R. G.

    1973-01-01

    Impact, emergency escape and crash survival protection are studied. Accleration, the G system of units, data interpretation, and human tolerance limits are summarized, along with physiological and biochemical response to impact. Biomechanical factors of impact are also cited.

  4. Micronucleus frequency and hematologic index in Colossoma macropomum (Pisces, Ariidae) for environmental impact assessment at a protected area in Brazil

    SciTech Connect

    Sousa, Debora Batista Pinheiro, E-mail: deborabpsousa@gmail.com [Postgraduate Program of Aquatic Resources and Fishery (PPGRAP/UEMA), State University of Maranhão (Brazil); Neta, Raimunda Nonata Fortes Carvalho [Department of Chemistry and Biology, State University of Maranhão (Brazil)

    2014-10-06

    This study used micronucleus assays and erythrocyte indices in the freshwater fish tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum, to assess environmental impacts in the Environmental Protection Area at Maracanã, São Luis, Brazil. Fish were sampled from two locations within the protected area, Serena Lagoon and Ambude River, on four occasions. Biometric data (length and weight) and an aliquot of blood were collected from each fish for analysis. Erythrocyte indices including: mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration were calculated, and blood samples were examined for micronuclei and nuclear morphological changes. Micronuclei were found in fish from both locations, although the frequency was higher in fish from Ambude River. Nuclear morphological changes were identified only in fish collected from Ambude River. Several nuclear morphological changes were found in erythrocytes stained with Giemsa, including: micronuclei and binucleate nuclei. On average, erythrocyte indices were lower in fish collected from Ambude River than in those from Serena Lagoon. Our results indicate that micronuclei and erythrocyte indices can be used in C. macropomum as indicators of environmental health.

  5. Adrenal Medullary Hyperplasia Is a Precursor Lesion for Pheochromocytoma in MEN2 Syndrome12

    PubMed Central

    Korpershoek, Esther; Petri, Bart-Jeroen; Post, Edward; van Eijck, Casper H.J.; Oldenburg, Rogier A.; Belt, Eric J.T.; de Herder, Wouter W.; de Krijger, Ronald R.; Dinjens, Winand N.M.

    2014-01-01

    Adrenal medullary hyperplasias (AMHs) are adrenal medullary proliferations with a size < 1 cm, while larger lesions are considered as pheochromocytoma (PCC). This arbitrary distinction has been proposed decades ago, although the biological relationship between AMH and PCC has never been investigated. Both lesions are frequently diagnosed in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) patients in whom they are considered as two unrelated clinical entities. In this study, we investigated the molecular relationship between AMH and PCC in MEN2 patients. Molecular aberrations of 19 AMHs and 13 PCCs from 18 MEN2 patients were determined by rearranged during transfection (RET) proto-oncogene mutation analysis and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis for chromosomal regions 1p13, 1p36, 3p, and 3q, genomic areas covering commonly altered regions in RET-related PCC. Identical molecular aberrations were found in all AMHs and PCCs, at similar frequencies. LOH was seen for chromosomes 1p13 in 8 of 18 (44%), 1p36 in 9 of 15 (60%), 3p12-13 in 12 of 18 (67%), and 3q23-24 in 10 of 16 (63%) of AMHs, and for chromosome 1p13 in 13 of 13 (100%), 1p36 in 7 of 11 (64%), 3p12-13 in 4 of 11 (36%), and 3q23-24 in 11 of 12 (92%) of PCCs. Our results indicate that AMHs are not hyperplasias and, in clinical practice, should be regarded as PCCs, which has an impact on diagnosis and treatment of MEN2 patients. We therefore propose to replace the term AMH by micro-PCC to indicate adrenal medullary proliferations of less than 1 cm. PMID:25379023

  6. The Functional Role of Reactive Stroma in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Schauer, Isaiah G.; Rowley, David R.

    2011-01-01

    The human prostate gland is one of the only internal organs that continue to enlarge throughout adulthood. The specific mechanisms that regulate this growth, as well as the pathological changes leading to the phenotype observed in the disease benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), are essentially unknown. Recent studies and their associated findings have made clear that many complex alterations occur, involving persistent and chronic inflammation, circulating hormonal level deregulation, and aberrant wound repair processes. BPH has been etiologically characterized as a progressive, albeit discontinuous, hyperplasia of both the glandular epithelial and stromal cell compartments coordinately yielding an expansion of the prostate gland and clinical symptoms. Interestingly, the inflammatory and repair responses observed in BPH are also key components of general wound repair in post-natal tissues. These responses include altered expression of chemokines, cytokines, matrix remodeling factors, chronic inflammatory processes, altered immune surveillance and recognition, as well as the formation of a prototypical ‘reactive’ stroma which is similar to that observed across various fibroplasias and malignancies of a variety of tissue sites. Stromal tissue, both embryonic mesenchyme, and adult reactive stroma myofibroblasts, has been shown to exert potent and functional regulatory control over epithelial proliferation and differentiation as well as immunoresponsive modulation. Thus, the functional biology of a reactive stroma, within the context of an adult disease typified by epithelial and stromal aberrant hyperplasia, is critical to understand within the context of prostate disease and beyond. The mechanisms that regulate reactive stroma biology in BPH represent targets of opportunity for new therapeutic approaches that may extend to other tissue contexts. Accordingly, this review seeks to address the dissection of important factors, signaling pathways, genes, and other regulatory components that mediate the interplay between epithelium and stromal responses in BPH. PMID:21664759

  7. Baby knows best? The impact of weaning style on food preferences and body mass index in early childhood in a case–controlled sample

    PubMed Central

    Pitchford, Nicola J

    2012-01-01

    Objective The impact of different weaning methods on food preferences and body mass index (BMI) in early childhood is not known. Here, we examine if weaning method—baby-led weaning versus traditional spoon feeding—influences food preferences and health-related outcomes. Design, setting and participants Parents (n=155) recruited through the Nottingham Toddler laboratory and relevant internet sites completed a questionnaire concerning (1) infant feeding and weaning style (baby-led=92, spoon-fed=63, age range 20–78?months), (2) their child's preference for 151 foods (analysed by common food categories, eg, carbohydrates, proteins, dairy) and (3) exposure (frequency of consumption). Food preference and exposure data were analysed using a case–controlled matched sample to account for the effect of age on food preference. All other analyses were conducted with the whole sample. Main outcome measures The primary outcome measures were food preferences, exposure and weaning style. The secondary outcome measures were BMI and picky eating. Results Compared to the spoon-fed group, the baby-led group demonstrated (1) significantly increased liking for carbohydrates (no other differences in preference were found) and (2) carbohydrates to be their most preferred foods (compared to sweet foods for the spoon-fed group). Preference and exposure ratings were not influenced by socially desirable responding or socioeconomic status, although an increased liking for vegetables was associated with higher social class. There was an increased incidence of (1) underweight in the baby-led group and (2) obesity in the spoon-fed group. No difference in picky eating was found between the two weaning groups. Conclusions Weaning style impacts on food preferences and health in early childhood. Our results suggest that infants weaned through the baby-led approach learn to regulate their food intake in a manner, which leads to a lower BMI and a preference for healthy foods like carbohydrates. This has implications for combating the well-documented rise of obesity in contemporary societies. PMID:22315302

  8. Parathyroid hyperplasia of auto-transplanted tissue in forearm skin.

    PubMed

    Padgett, Sabrina N; Walsh, Sarah N; Santa Cruz, Daniel J

    2011-02-01

    Currently, the treatment of choice for refractory tertiary hyperparathyroidism is a total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation of the parathyroid tissue into the forearm. Recurrent hyperparathyroidism after autotransplantation requiring surgical excision of the autograft is uncommon. We describe a female patient with recurrent hyperplasia who underwent an excision of her parathyroid autograft. The excisional specimen was submitted to pathology with the only provided history of a 'left arm mass'. The lack of clinical history led to a preliminary impression of an adnexal neoplasm by the primary pathologist. PMID:19723138

  9. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia involving the cubital nerve.

    PubMed

    Martorell, Miguel; Pérez-Vallés, Ana; García-García, Jose Angel; Calabuig, Consuelo; Aguilella, Luis

    2004-04-01

    A tumor involving cubital nerve was resected and studied; it was classified as an angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE). Immunohistochemical and molecular study was done both to confirm the reactive nature of the process and rule out the presence of clonal T or B cell rearrangement. This lesion has been designated as epitheloid hemangioma [Coindre (1994) Ann Pathol 14:426]. Typically, ALHE occurs in the skin and the subcutaneous tissue, and extracutaneous involvement is rare. No cases of ALHE affecting a nerve have been described, but a case of Kimura's disease, the lesions of which have repeatedly been confused with ALHE, has been reported involving median nerve. PMID:14762674

  10. Disseminated angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia: a case report.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Guo-Yi; Jiang, Juan; Lin, Tong; Wang, Qian-Qiu

    2003-10-01

    A 37-year-old Cantonese man presented with pruritic erythematous papules and nodules on his face, limbs, and trunk that had been present for 10 years and aggravated for 2 years. More nodules were noticed where the skin was scratched and traumatized. The lesions were alleviated temporarily, but they did not subside entirely without therapy. The lesions responded to treatment with intravenous dexamethasone. Histopathology results indicated angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE), and the patient was diagnosed with disseminated ALHE (DALHE). His lesions ameliorated after treatment with prednisone. PMID:14604086

  11. Michael J. Barry, MD Founda5on President

    E-print Network

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    knowledge · Natural history of untreated disease · Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH Index · International Prostate Symptom Score · BPH Impact Index 5 Afrikaans Practice Guidelines · Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) · Prostate cancer treatment

  12. Pathophysiology of parathyroid hyperplasia in chronic kidney disease: preclinical and clinical basis for parathyroid intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shunsuke Goto; Hirotaka Komaba; Masafumi Fukagawa

    2008-01-01

    Secondary hyperparathyroidism is characterised by ex- cessive secretion of parathyroid hormone and parathy- roid hyperplasia, resulting in both skeletal and extraskele- tal consequences. Recent basic and clinical studies have brought considerable advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of parathyroid hyperplasia and have also provided practical therapeutic approaches, especially with regard to indications for parathyroid intervention. In this context, it

  13. Substitution therapy in adult patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Reisch, Nicole

    2015-01-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of autosomal recessive inherited disorders caused by defective steroidogenesis. Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) is its most prevalent form, accounting for over 90% of all cases. Clinically classic 21OHD is characterised by glucocorticoid deficiency and adrenal androgen excess with (salt wasting form) or without (simple virilising form) additional mineralocorticoid deficiency. Life-saving glucocorticoid substitution therapy has been available since the 1950s and enables long-term survival, and potentially, a good quality of life. However, care of adult patients with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia is challenging for two main reasons: firstly, there is no glucocorticoid preparation available mimicking circadian cortisol release and adaptation to stress and secondly, management of adult patients is still in its infancy. There is no evidence-based treatment and experienced centres, taking care of larger patient cohorts, are only emerging. In this article we aim to guide physicians on the treatment and monitoring of adult patients with 21OHD, based on the clinical studies available and our own clinical experience. PMID:25617171

  14. Cushing's syndrome secondary to ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Costa, Marcia Helena Soares; Lacroix, André

    2007-11-01

    ACTH-Independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (AIMAH) is a rare cause of endogenous Cushing's syndrome (CS), in which clinical features usually become apparent only after several decades of life. This form of adrenal hyperplasia typically produces excess cortisol with overt or subclinical CS, but concurrent secretion of mineralocorticoids or sexual steroids can also occur. The diagnosis is suspected by bilateral adrenal nodules larger than 1 cm on incidental imaging studies or following the demonstration of ACTH-independent hormonal hypersecretion. The pathophysiology of this entity is heterogeneous and has been intensely explored in recent years. Several G-protein coupled receptors aberrantly expressed in the adrenal cortex have been implicated in the regulation of steroidogenesis and in the initial cell proliferation in AIMAH. Several familial cases of AIMAH have been recently described with the same pattern of aberrant hormone receptors in all affected members of the family. It is probable that additional somatic genetic events related to cell cycle regulation, adhesion and transcription factors occur in addition over time in the various nodules; other mechanisms, as Gsp or ACTH receptor mutations and paracrine adrenal hormonal secretion have been rarely identified as the molecular mechanism in some cases. When systematically screened, most patients with AIMAH exhibit an in vivo aberrant cortisol response to one or various ligands suggesting the presence of aberrant adrenal receptors. The identification of these receptors creates the possibility of a specific pharmacological treatment isolated or associated with adrenalectomy. PMID:18209860

  15. New advances in benign prostatic hyperplasia: laser therapy.

    PubMed

    Mandeville, Jessica; Gnessin, Ehud; Lingeman, James E

    2011-02-01

    Throughout the past decade, numerous techniques for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia have emerged. Laser therapy, in particular, has gained widespread popularity among urologists. Since its inception in 1996, holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) has been evaluated rigorously in the treatment of glands of all sizes. HoLEP has produced superior relief of bladder outlet obstruction as compared to transurethral resection of the prostate based on urodynamics, and has proved equally as effective as open prostatectomy, for the management of very large glands (>100 cc), with lower morbidity. In addition to HoLEP, several newer but less well-studied laser techniques currently are available. These include photoselective laser vaporization utilizing the potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP or "green light") laser, thulium laser enucleation, and high-power diode laser vaporization. This report reviews the most current literature on laser therapies utilized in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia with regards to safety, outcome, efficiency, and long-term durability. PMID:21088938

  16. Benign prostatic hyperplasia and urinary symptoms: Evaluation and treatment.

    PubMed

    Mobley, David; Feibus, Allison; Baum, Neil

    2015-04-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common conditions affecting middle-aged men. This condition can be microscopic, macroscopic, symptomatic, or asymptomatic. Up to 15% to 25% of men aged 50-65 years have lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) consisting of nocturia, urgency, frequency, a sensation of not completely emptying the bladder, stop-start urination, straining to urinate, a need to urinate soon after voiding, and weak urinary stream. These symptoms usually are associated with benign enlargement of the prostate gland that is of sufficient severity to interfere with a man's quality of life. Although LUTS is often associated with BPH, LUTS can also be due to various unrelated syndromes such as heart failure, urinary tract infections, and diabetes. Most men will have benign hyperplasia of the prostate gland and this benign growth compresses the urethra resulting in LUTS. This article will discuss the evaluation, pharmacological management, minimally invasive treatment, and surgical therapy of this common condition affecting millions of American men. PMID:25823641

  17. Altered catecholamine receptor affinity in rabbit aortic intimal hyperplasia

    SciTech Connect

    O'Malley, M.K.; Cotecchia, S.; Hagen, P.O. (Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (USA))

    1991-08-01

    Intimal thickening is a universal response to endothelial denudation and is also thought to be a precursor of atherosclerosis. The authors have demonstrated selective supersensitivity in arterial intimal hyperplasia to norepinephrine and they now report a possible mechanism for this. Binding studies in rabbit aorta with the selective alpha 1-adrenergic radioligand 125I-HEAT demonstrated that there was no change in receptor density (20 {plus minus} 4 fmole/10(6) cells) in intact vascular smooth muscle cells at either 5 or 14 days after denudation. However, competition studies showed a 2.6-fold increase in alpha 1-adrenergic receptor affinity for norepinephrine in intimal hyperplastic tissue (P less than 0.05). This increased affinity for norepinephrine was associated with a greater increase in 32P-labeled phosphatidylinositol (148% intimal thickening versus 76% control) and phosphatidic acid (151% intimal thickening versus 56% control) following norepinephrine stimulation of free floating rings of intimal hyperplastic aorta. These data suggest that the catecholamine supersensitivity in rabbit aortic intimal hyperplasia is receptor mediated and may be linked to the phosphatidylinositol cycle.

  18. Fermented Dairy Products Modulate Citrobacter rodentium–Induced Colonic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Collins, James W.; Chervaux, Christian; Raymond, Benoit; Derrien, Muriel; Brazeilles, Rémi; Kosta, Artemis; Chambaud, Isabelle; Crepin, Valerie F.; Frankel, Gad

    2014-01-01

    We evaluated the protective effects of fermented dairy products (FDPs) in an infection model, using the mouse pathogen Citrobacter rodentium (CR). Treatment of mice with FDP formulas A, B, and C or a control product did not affect CR colonization, organ specificity, or attaching and effacing lesion formation. Fermented dairy product A (FDP-A), but neither the supernatant from FDP-A nor ?-irradiated (IR) FDP-A, caused a significant reduction in colonic crypt hyperplasia and CR-associated pathology. Profiling the gut microbiota revealed that IR-FDP-A promoted higher levels of phylotypes belonging to Alcaligenaceae and a decrease in Lachnospiraceae (Ruminococcus) during CR infection. Conversely, FDP-A prevented a decrease in Ruminococcus and increased Turicibacteraceae (Turicibacter). Importantly, loss of Ruminococcus and Turicibacter has been associated with susceptibility to dextran sodium sulfate–induced colitis. Our results demonstrate that viable bacteria in FDP-A reduced CR-induced colonic crypt hyperplasia and prevented the loss of key bacterial genera that may contribute to disease pathology. PMID:24706936

  19. Association of the Apolipoprotein E 2 Allele with Concurrent Occurrence of Endometrial Hyperplasia and Endometrial Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Ivanova, Tatiana I.; Krikunova, Ludmila I.; Ryabchenko, Nikolay I.; Mkrtchyan, Liana S.; Khorokhorina, Vera A.; Salnikova, Lyubov E.

    2015-01-01

    Genes encoding proteins with antioxidant properties may influence susceptibility to endometrial hyperplasia (EH) and endometrial carcinoma (ECa). Patients with EH (n = 89), EH concurrent with ECa (n = 76), ECa (n = 186), and healthy controls (n = 1110) were genotyped for five polymorphic variants in the genes involved in metabolism of lipoproteins (APOE Cys112Arg and Arg158Cys), iron (HFE Cys282Tyr and His63Asp), and catecholamines (COMT Val158Met). Patients and controls were matched by ethnicity (all Caucasians), age, body mass index (BMI), and incidence of hypertension and diabetes. The frequency of the APOE E 2 allele (158Cys) was higher in patients with EH + ECa than in controls (P = 0.0012, PBonferroni = 0.018, OR = 2.58, 95% CI 1.49–4.45). The APOE E 4 allele (112Arg) was more frequently found in patients with EH than in controls and HFE minor allele G (63Asp) had a protective effect in the ECa group, though these results appeared to be nonsignificant after correction for multiple comparisons. The results of the study indicate that E 2 allele might be associated with concurrent occurrence of EH and ECa. PMID:25741405

  20. Common questions about the diagnosis and management of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Pearson, Ryan; Williams, Pamela M

    2014-12-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common condition that increases in prevalence with age. A history should include onset, duration, and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms and medication use to rule out other causes of symptoms. Physical examination includes a digital rectal examination and assessment for bladder distention or neurologic impairment. Recommended tests include serum prostate-specific antigen measurement and urinalysis to help identify infection, genitourinary cancer, or calculi as an alternative cause of lower urinary tract symptoms. BPH severity is assessed using validated, self-administered symptom questionnaires such as the American Urological Association Symptom Index or International Prostate Symptom Score. Mild or nonbothersome symptoms do not require treatment. Bothersome symptoms are managed with lifestyle modifications, medications, and surgery. Alpha blockers are first-line medications for BPH. Surgical referral is indicated if BPH-related complications develop, medical therapy fails, or the patient chooses it. Dietary supplements, such as saw palmetto, pygeum, cernilton, and beta sitosterols, and acupuncture are not recommended for the management of BPH. PMID:25611711

  1. Qianliening capsule treats benign prostatic hyperplasia via suppression of the EGF/STAT3 signaling pathway

    PubMed Central

    LIN, JIUMAO; ZHOU, JIANHENG; XU, WEI; ZHONG, XIAOYONG; HONG, ZHENFENG; PENG, JUN

    2013-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a pathological overgrowth of the human prostate. It may cause increased resistance to urine flow through the urethra and occasionally kidney damage, bladder stones and urinary tract infections, and therefore affect the quality of life. Qianliening capsule (QC) is a traditional Chinese formula that has been used clinically in China to treat BPH for a number of years. However, the mechanism of its anti-BPH effect remains largely unknown. We evaluated the therapeutic effect of QC in a rat model of BPH, established by the injection of testosterone following castration, and investigated the underlying molecular mechanism of action. We observed that QC treatment significantly and dose-dependently decreased the prostatic volume (PV) and prostatic index (PI; P<0.05 or P<0.01), and ameliorated the histological damage of the prostate tissue in the BPH rats. In addition, treatment with QC inhibited the phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), as well as the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), cyclin D1 and Bcl-2. Our results suggest that suppression of the EGF/STAT3 pathway may be one of the mechanisms by which QC treats BPH. PMID:23737867

  2. Association of the apolipoprotein E 2 allele with concurrent occurrence of endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Ivanova, Tatiana I; Krikunova, Ludmila I; Ryabchenko, Nikolay I; Mkrtchyan, Liana S; Khorokhorina, Vera A; Salnikova, Lyubov E

    2015-01-01

    Genes encoding proteins with antioxidant properties may influence susceptibility to endometrial hyperplasia (EH) and endometrial carcinoma (ECa). Patients with EH (n = 89), EH concurrent with ECa (n = 76), ECa (n = 186), and healthy controls (n = 1110) were genotyped for five polymorphic variants in the genes involved in metabolism of lipoproteins (APOE Cys112Arg and Arg158Cys), iron (HFE Cys282Tyr and His63Asp), and catecholamines (COMT Val158Met). Patients and controls were matched by ethnicity (all Caucasians), age, body mass index (BMI), and incidence of hypertension and diabetes. The frequency of the APOE E 2 allele (158Cys) was higher in patients with EH + ECa than in controls (P = 0.0012, P(Bonferroni) = 0.018, OR = 2.58, 95% CI 1.49-4.45). The APOE E 4 allele (112Arg) was more frequently found in patients with EH than in controls and HFE minor allele G (63Asp) had a protective effect in the ECa group, though these results appeared to be nonsignificant after correction for multiple comparisons. The results of the study indicate that E 2 allele might be associated with concurrent occurrence of EH and ECa. PMID:25741405

  3. Arterial Levels of Oxygen Stimulate Intimal Hyperplasia in Human Saphenous Veins via a ROS-Dependent Mechanism

    PubMed Central

    Joddar, Binata; Firstenberg, Michael S.; Reen, Rashmeet K.; Varadharaj, Saradhadevi; Khan, Mahmood; Childers, Rachel C.; Zweier, Jay L.; Gooch, Keith J.

    2015-01-01

    Saphenous veins used as arterial grafts are exposed to arterial levels of oxygen partial pressure (pO2), which are much greater than what they experience in their native environment. The object of this study is to determine the impact of exposing human saphenous veins to arterial pO2. Saphenous veins and left internal mammary arteries from consenting patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were cultured ex vivo for 2 weeks in the presence of arterial or venous pO2 using an established organ culture model. Saphenous veins cultured with arterial pO2 developed intimal hyperplasia as evidenced by 2.8-fold greater intimal area and 5.8-fold increase in cell proliferation compared to those freshly isolated. Saphenous veins cultured at venous pO2 or internal mammary arteries cultured at arterial pO2 did not develop intimal hyperplasia. Intimal hyperplasia was accompanied by two markers of elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS): increased dihydroethidium associated fluorescence (4-fold, p<0.05) and increased levels of the lipid peroxidation product, 4-hydroxynonenal (10-fold, p<0.05). A functional role of the increased ROS saphenous veins exposed to arterial pO2 is suggested by the observation that chronic exposure to tiron, a ROS scavenger, during the two-week culture period, blocked intimal hyperplasia. Electron paramagnetic resonance based oximetry revealed that the pO2 in the wall of the vessel tracked that of the atmosphere with a ~30 mmHg offset, thus the cells in the vessel wall were directly exposed to variations in pO2. Monolayer cultures of smooth muscle cells isolated from saphenous veins exhibited increased proliferation when exposed to arterial pO2 relative to those cultured at venous pO2. This increased proliferation was blocked by tiron. Taken together, these data suggest that exposure of human SV to arterial pO2 stimulates IH via a ROS-dependent pathway. PMID:25799140

  4. Impact of incoherent pumping field and Er3+ ion concentration on group velocity and index of refraction in an Er3+-doped YAG crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jafarzadeh, Hossein; Asadpour, Seyyed Hossein; Rahimpour Soleimani, H.

    2015-03-01

    The effect of Er3+ ion concentration and incoherent pumping field on the refractive index and group index in an Er3+: YAG crystal is investigated. It is shown that under different concentrations of Er3+ ion in the crystal, the index of refraction and absorption can be changed and a high index of refraction is accompanied by amplification in the medium. Also, it is shown that with the switching from subluminal to superluminal, or vice versa, light propagation can be obtained by different concentrations of Er3+ ions in the crystal.

  5. Thyroid hormone-responsive pituitary hyperplasia independent of somatostatin receptor 2.

    PubMed

    Brinkmeier, M L; Stahl, J H; Gordon, D F; Ross, B D; Sarapura, V D; Dowding, J M; Kendall, S K; Lloyd, R V; Ridgway, E C; Camper, S A

    2001-12-01

    Mice homozygous for the targeted disruption of the glycoprotein hormone alpha-subunit (alphaGsu) display hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the anterior pituitary thyrotropes. Thyrotrope hyperplasia results in tumors in aged alphaGsu(-/-) mice. These adenomatous pituitaries can grow independently as intrascapular transplants in hypothyroid mice, suggesting that they have progressed beyond simple hyperplasia. We used magnetic resonance imaging to follow the growth and regression of thyrotrope adenomatous hyperplasia in response to thyroid hormone treatment and discovered that the tumors retain thyroid hormone responsiveness. Somatostatin (SMST) and its diverse receptors have been implicated in cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. To test the involvement of SMST receptor 2 (SMSTR2) in pituitary tumor progression and thyroid hormone responsiveness in alphaGsu(-/-) mutants, we generated Smstr2(-/-), alphaGsu(-/-) mice. Smstr2(-/-), alphaGsu(-/-) mice develop hyperplasia of thyrotropes, similar to alphaGsu(-/-) mutants, demonstrating that SMSTR2 is dispensable for the development of pituitary adenomatous hyperplasia. Thyrotrope hyperplasia in Smstr2(-/-), alphaGsu(-/-) mice regresses in response to T4 treatment, suggesting that SMSTR2 is not required in the T4 feedback loop regulating TSH secretion. PMID:11731614

  6. Immigration Index

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Striving to become the "immigration resource directory on the net," the Immigration Index is a newly launched Website dedicated to news and information about immigration worldwide. Along with breaking headlines from a variety of news sources about immigration-related issues such as asylum, migration, trafficking and women, and much more, the site contains a fully annotated collection of links to immigration materials all around the World Wide Web. Only a month old, some of the categories in the Index's hierarchy still need some filling in. In time, however, the Immigration Index promises to become an invaluable resource for interested parties.

  7. An Analysis of the Entropy Index Diversity Scores of Selected North Carolina Urban High Schools and the Impact on Teacher Quality, Student Achievement, and Graduation Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Robert Pernell

    2009-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to examine the differences in teacher quality, student achievement, and graduation rates among select North Carolina urban high schools based on their racial segregation when measured by the entropy index. The entropy index is a measure of evenness among racial groups used to determine the level of segregation…

  8. [Bilateral nodular hyperplasia of the adrenal glands; diagnostic problems].

    PubMed

    Vaquero, P M; de la Morena, L H; Gamboa, R A; Pallardo, L F; Corchado, M S; San Martín, L; Cano, R L; Mejía, A

    1990-04-01

    Bilateral adrenal nodular hyperplasia (BAND) is rarely presented as a cause of Cushing Syndrome. The pathogenicity of the disease is unknown and it does not present either symptoms or specific signs, furthermore, its steroid dynamic is atypical and the morphologic tests are not conclusive. The clinical stories of six BAND-diagnosed patients in our Department have been reviewed with the aim of unifying the criteria of the preoperative diagnosis with regard to treatment, comparing our results with literature's wider series. The results from both studies demonstrate an hypophyseal dependence together with some others showing a adrenal autonomy. Thus, our conclusions perpetuate the pathogenic question about BAND (whether is an adrenal primary disfunction or a secondary effect caused by hypophyseal ACTH hypersecretion?) and we point out the usefulness of radioisotopic gammagraphy and abdominal-TAC, since usually they show the bilaterality of the injury at adrenal level. PMID:2203116

  9. Orbital extension of supraorbital angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia.

    PubMed

    Bangal, Sv; Chitgopekar, Rp; Gupta, Ak; Karle, R

    2011-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare clinicopathologic entity that shares both clinical and histopathological features with Kimura disease. Although they were once considered as different stages of the same disease, they are now known to represent separate entities. ALHE is a condition that causes swellings in the head and neck region affecting muscular arteries and is benign in nature.1 Orbital involvement is unusual. Diagnosis of ALHE is frequently confused with malignant tumour until biopsy is done.4 We present here a young female with unilateral, painless and slowly progressive swelling on the inner and upper aspect of her left orbit, who was diagnosed as a case of ALHE with orbital involvement on the basis of CT scan and excisional biopsy. Regular follow up was performed and no evidence of recurrence was found. PMID:23390457

  10. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia: a clinicopathologic study of 9 cases.

    PubMed

    Guinovart, R M; Bassas-Vila, J; Morell, L; Ferrándiz, C

    2014-03-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare disease characterized by single or multiple angiomatous lesions typically located on the scalp and the face. We present a retrospective analysis of 9 cases of ALHE. The lesions appeared largely as multiple grouped papules or, in some cases, subcutaneous nodules, located mainly on the scalp, particularly around the ear. We also observed lesions in atypical locations, such as areas of the head other than the scalp, and the shoulder, neck, and forearm. At these sites the lesions had an atypical clinical appearance that made diagnosis difficult; this should be borne in mind in patients with single, well-delimited lesions with a vascular appearance and superficial ulceration or crusting. Surgery was the most common treatment in our series, and even though ALHE is considered a benign condition, recurrence was common. PMID:23845664

  11. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia: atypical appearance in an older patient.

    PubMed

    Karabudak, Ozlem; Taskapan, Oktay; Bozdogan, Onder; Dogan, Bilal

    2008-01-01

    We describe a 76-year-old man presenting with a chronic, non-healing ulcer of six-year duration on his left zygomatic area. The skin biopsy specimen taken from the lesion, showed increased vascular proliferation, edematous endothelial cells in the dermal blood vessels and perivascular eosinophilic/lymphocytic infiltration. The routine and specific blood tests were unremarkable. On the basis of these features, the patient was diagnosed as having angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE). We present the case because of its rarity in older people, atypical clinical appearance; and stress the consideration of ALHE in the differential diagnosis of chronic non-healing superficial ulcers confined to face and neck. PMID:19882016

  12. Orbital extension of supraorbital angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia

    PubMed Central

    Bangal, SV; Gupta, AK; Karle, R

    2011-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare clinicopathologic entity that shares both clinical and histopathological features with Kimura disease. Although they were once considered as different stages of the same disease, they are now known to represent separate entities. ALHE is a condition that causes swellings in the head and neck region affecting muscular arteries and is benign in nature.1 Orbital involvement is unusual. Diagnosis of ALHE is frequently confused with malignant tumour until biopsy is done.4 We present here a young female with unilateral, painless and slowly progressive swelling on the inner and upper aspect of her left orbit, who was diagnosed as a case of ALHE with orbital involvement on the basis of CT scan and excisional biopsy. Regular follow up was performed and no evidence of recurrence was found. PMID:23390457

  13. ANGIOLYMPHOID HYPERPLASIA WITH EOSINOPHILIA: ATYPICAL APPEAREANCE IN AN OLDER PATIENT

    PubMed Central

    Karabudak, Ozlem; Taskapan, Oktay; Bozdogan, Onder; Dogan, Bilal

    2008-01-01

    We describe a 76-year-old man presenting with a chronic, non-healing ulcer of six-year duration on his left zygomatic area. The skin biopsy specimen taken from the lesion, showed increased vascular proliferation, edematous endothelial cells in the dermal blood vessels and perivascular eosinophilic/lymphocytic infiltration. The routine and specific blood tests were unremarkable. On the basis of these features, the patient was diagnosed as having angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE). We present the case because of its rarity in older people, atypical clinical appearance; and stress the consideration of ALHE in the differential diagnosis of chronic non-healing superficial ulcers confined to face and neck. PMID:19882016

  14. Epithelioid hemangioma (angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia) in the oral mucosa.

    PubMed

    Aggarwal, Anshul; Keluskar, Vaishali

    2012-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with an eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare benign entity whose etiology and pathogenesis is under debate. Clinically, it is characterised by cutaneous papules or nodules on the head and neck. Literature reveals very few cases of this entity in the oral mucosa. Here, we report a case of ALHE in a 25 year-old woman, who presented with a painless, 5mm x 5mm, sub mucosal erythematous nodule on left angle of mouth at lower lip. Histological examination of lip biopsy specimens revealed an increase in small vessels. The vascular walls consist of prominent endothelial cells with a histiocytoid appearance, which protruded into the lumen. Many eosinophils and lymphocytes were also seen around the vessels. The diagnosis of ALHE was made from the above findings. PMID:22945722

  15. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia arising from the facial artery.

    PubMed

    Kimura, Yurika; Tsutsumi, Takeshi; Kuroishikawa, Yasushi; Kishimoto, Seiji

    2003-07-01

    We report on a rare case of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) arising from the facial artery, which was pre-operatively diagnosed as an aneurysm. ALHE is a rare lesion, the precise nature of which remains controversial: it is still unclear whether ALHE is a tumour or an inflammatory disease or whether it can be separated from Kimura's disease based on its pathological characteristics. ALHE rarely occurs in muscular arteries, and this is the first description of ALHE arising from the facial artery. Angiography vividly revealed the pathological structure of the lesion in this case, which prompted us to advocate angiography for diagnosing ALHE arising from muscular arteries. Complete dissection and cryotherapy proved to be effective treatment, although complete management of any therapeutic protocol should avoid recurrence of the lesion, whatever specific treatments are selected. PMID:12901818

  16. Management of the Adult with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Auchus, Richard J.

    2010-01-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), most commonly due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD), has been studied by pediatric endocrinologists for decades. Advances in the care of these patients have enabled many of these children to reach adulthood. In contrast to the course and management of the disease in childhood, little is known about CAH in adults. In many patients, the proclivity to salt-wasting crises decreases. Linear growth ceases, and reproductive function becomes an issue. Most importantly, management must minimize the potential for long-term consequences of conventional therapies. Here we review the existing literature regarding comorbidities of adults with 21OHD, goals of treatment, and approaches to therapy, with an emphasis on need for improved management strategies. PMID:20613954

  17. Mandible condylar hyperplasia: a review of diagnosis and treatment protocol

    PubMed Central

    Olate, Sergio; Netto, Henrique Duque; Rodriguez-Chessa, Jaime; Alister, Juan Pablo; de Albergaria-Barbosa, Jose; de Moraes, Márcio

    2013-01-01

    Condylar hyperplasia (CH) is a bone disease characterized by the increased development of one mandibular condyle. It regularly presents as an active growth with facial asymmetry generally without pain. Statistically it affects more women in adolescence, although it does not discriminate by age or gender. Its best-known consequence is asymmetric facial deformity (AFD), which combined with alteration of the dental occlusion with unilateral crossbite or open bite. It is not known when CH begins and how long it lasts; diagnostic examinations are described and are efficient in some research about diagnosis. Protocol treatment is not well studie and depends on the criteria described in this paper. The aim of this research is to provide up-to-date information about the diagnosis of this disease and to analyze the treatment protocol, visualizing the CH and AFD presented. PMID:24179565

  18. Economic issues and the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Holtgrewe, H L

    1995-09-01

    Enormous financial resources are expended worldwide on the treatment of the urologic complications and symptoms induced by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Even for its surgical management, where the best data exist, current international accounting of these expenditures remains very poorly documented. On February 8, 1994, the Department of Health and Human Services of the US government released clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of BPH. Imaging of the upper urinary tract as a routine diagnostic procedure is not recommended in these guidelines unless a comorbidity indicating its need exists. Diagnostic cystoscopy to assist in the decision of the need to treat is not recommended. Adherence to these two principles along with adherence to the strategies of management presented in the guidelines and discussed herein has the potential of achieving profound financial savings without impairing quality of care worldwide. PMID:7544513

  19. Hydrocephalus due to diffuse villous hyperplasia of the choroid plexus.

    PubMed

    Anei, Ryogo; Hayashi, Yoshimitsu; Hiroshima, Satoru; Mitsui, Nobuyuki; Orimoto, Ryosuke; Uemori, Genki; Saito, Masato; Sato, Masao; Wada, Hajime; Hododuka, Akira; Kamada, Kyousuke

    2011-01-01

    An 8-month-old female presented with hydrocephalus caused by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) overproduction due to bilateral choroid plexus enlargement, which was clinically diagnosed as diffuse villous hyperplasia of the choroid plexus, but differentiation from bilateral choroid plexus papilloma was difficult. She initially underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt surgery, but developed marked retention of ascites. Therefore, the peritoneal end of the shunt was removed for external drainage, but excessive CSF (1,500 ml/day) was collected. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed marked symmetric enhancement of the choroid plexuses in the bilateral lateral ventricles. Thallium-201 chloride single-photon emission computed tomography showed pronounced uptake on both early and delayed images, and good washout. CSF examination revealed no abnormalities such as atypical cells, and a ventriculoatrial shunt was inserted, achieving good control of the hydrocephalus. PMID:21701109

  20. Splicing factor SRSF6 promotes hyperplasia of sensitized skin

    PubMed Central

    Jensen, Mads A.; Wilkinson, John E.; Krainer, Adrian R.

    2014-01-01

    Summary Many biological processes involve gene-expression regulation by alternative splicing. Here, we identify the splicing factor SRSF6 as a regulator of wound healing and tissue homeostasis in skin. We show that SRSF6 is a proto-oncogene that is frequently overexpressed in human skin cancer. Overexpressing it in transgenic mice induces hyperplasia of sensitized skin and promotes aberrant alternative splicing. We identify 139 target genes of SRSF6 in skin, and show that this SR protein binds to alternative exons of the extracellular-matrix protein tenascin C pre-mRNA, promoting the expression of isoforms characteristic of invasive and metastatic cancer in a cell-type-independent manner. SRSF6 overexpression additionally results in depletion of Lgr6+ stem cells, and excessive keratinocyte proliferation and response to injury. Furthermore, the effects of SRSF6 in wound healing assayed in vitro depend on the TNC isoforms. Thus, abnormal SR-protein expression can perturb tissue homeostasis. PMID:24440982

  1. [Enzyme inhibition in the drug therapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia].

    PubMed

    Drsata, J

    2002-10-11

    Enzyme inhibition belongs to common mechanisms of drug action and enzymes of hormone metabolism belong to targets in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Transformation of testosterone to 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone is catalyzed by cholestenone-5 alpha-reductase (EC 1.3.1.22, 5 alpha-reductase). Different effects of dihydrotestosterone and testosterone represent a rational basis for pharmacotherapy by 5 alpha-reductase inhibition. The enzyme is active in the prostate and other organs and tissues, with different distribution of at least two 5 alpha-reductase isoenzymes. Beside this, progesterone-5 alpha-reductase (EC 1.3.1.30) as another enzyme with 5 alpha-reductase activity is present in human tissues including the prostate. The existence of several 5 alpha-reductase activities gives bright possibilities of 5 alpha-reductase inhibition. Basic 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors are synthetic steroid (e.g. finasteride--Proscar). Various mechanisms of their effect (classical reversible competitive inhibition, mechanism-based "suicide" inhibitors, tightly bound irreversible inhibitors...) represent different pharmacokinetic patterns, too. Non-steroidal 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors (e.g. polyunsaturated fatty acids) are effective components of several phytopharmaceuticals. They receive attention due to their complexity and low hazards. Extracts of Serenoa repens seeds (Permixon, Capistan in the Czech Republic), of Pygeum africanum, of Urtica radicis roots (Urtica, Urtiron) or catequine structures from the green tea belong to this group. Beside androgens, participation of estrogens in the origin and development of benign prostatic hyperplasia is probable. Inhibition of the "aromatase" complex, which catalyzes transformation of androgens to estrogens, may contribute to the complexity of phytotherapeutic effects. PMID:12515038

  2. Pathogenic mechanisms linking benign prostatic hyperplasia, lower urinary tract symptoms and erectile dysfunction

    PubMed Central

    Glina, Felipe Placco Araujo

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) are clinical entities very prevalent in men aged over 50 years. There is evidence that both may have a common pathophysiology. Objective: The objective of this study was to conduct a literature review aiming to show theories and hypotheses that justify a single pathophysiology for ED and LUTS/BPH. Methods: A search in Medline using the keywords of the Medical Subject Headings (MESH) ‘erectile dysfunction’ and ‘lower urinary tract symptoms’ in all fields of the database up to 15 December 2012. This search found 198 relevant articles that were analyzed. Results: The data and articles were divided according to the type of evidence found. There are strong epidemiological data showing that LUTS/BPH is a risk factor for developing ED. Several experimental models demonstrated partial obstruction of the bladder in animals causes voiding disorders as well as a negative impact on erectile function of the operated animals. The increased adrenergic tonus in animals leads to prostate growth and urodynamic conditions similar to those found in men with LUTS and ED. Arteriosclerosis may lead to loss of vesical complacency, urinary tract obstruction and fibrosis of the cavernous bodies. The use of phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) and/or alpha-adrenergic blockers to treat ED and LUTS/BPH reinforces the hypothesis that, at least in some patients, both clinical pictures may have the same pathophysiology. PMID:23904860

  3. Should We Investigate Prostatic Inflammation for the Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Grégoire Robert; Aurélien Descazeaud; Yves Allory; Francis Vacherot; Alexandre de la Taille

    2009-01-01

    ContextAlthough benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most frequent disease in elderly men, only a few predictive factors have been identified. Recently, prostatic inflammation has emerged as one of them.

  4. Calcium channel blocker-induced gingival hyperplasia: case report and review of this iatrogenic disease.

    PubMed

    Lawrence, D B; Weart, C W; Laro, J J; Neville, B W

    1994-11-01

    Gingival hyperplasia is a common disorder associated with phenytoin and cyclosporine therapy. However, induction of this condition by calcium channel blockers is less well known. Inflammation of the gingival tissue from bacterial plaque and the subsequent development of gingival crevicular fluid may allow sequestration of the calcium channel blocker, thus predisposing the tissue to a localized toxic effect and the development of gingival hyperplasia. Calcium channel blockers have cellular effects similar to those of phenytoin and cyclosporine, including the production of a localized folic acid deficiency. All of the available calcium channel blockers have been reported to cause gingival hyperplasia. Treatment options include meticulous plaque control, and in severe cases, gingivectomy. Gingival hyperplasia can be prevented with meticulous plaque control or avoidance of the offending medication. PMID:7964547

  5. Long-term 6-year experience with finasteride in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franklin C Lowe; John D McConnell; Perry B Hudson; Nicholas A Romas; Rex Boake; Michael Lieber; Mostafa Elhilali; Jack Geller; Juliane Imperto-McGinely; Gerald L Andriole; Reginald C Bruskewitz; Patrick C Walsh; Georg Bartsch; John N Nacey; Sukrut Shah; Frances Pappas; Amy Ko; Thomas Cook; Elizabeth Stoner; Joanne Waldstreicher

    2003-01-01

    ObjectivesTo summarize the 6-year clinical trial data with finasteride. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a chronic and progressive disease and therefore assessment of long-term safety and efficacy is important.

  6. False-positive 123I-MIBG scintigraphy due to multiple focal nodular hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Kulatunge, Chanika R; Son, Hongju

    2013-12-01

    123I-MIBG accumulation in focal nodular hyperplasia was demonstrated. A 16-year-old girl who received radiotherapy for neuroblastoma at the age of 5 presented for abdominal pain. Three MIBG-avid tumors within the liver were proven to be focal nodular hyperplasias through biopsy. Previous neuroblastoma was transformed to non-MIBG-avid ganglioneuroma. MIBG accumulation does not necessarily indicate the presence of neuroendocrine tumor. PMID:24152616

  7. Paclitaxel Stent Coating Inhibits Neointimal Hyperplasia at 4 Weeks in a Porcine Model of Coronary Restenosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan W. Heldman; Linda Cheng; G. Mark Jenkins; Phillip F. Heller; Dong-Woon Kim; Melvin Ware; Cynthia Nater; Ralph H. Hruban; Banafsheh Rezai; Benjamin S. Abella; Katherine E. Bunge; James L. Kinsella; Steven J. Sollott; Edward G. Lakatta; Jeffrey A. Brinker; William L. Hunter; Jeffrey P. Froehlich

    2010-01-01

    Background—Despite limiting elastic recoil and late vascular remodeling after angioplasty, coronary stents remain vulnerable to restenosis, caused primarily by neointimal hyperplasia. Paclitaxel, a microtubule-stabilizing drug, has been shown to inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation contributing to neointimal hyperplasia. We tested whether paclitaxel-coated coronary stents are effective at preventing neointimal proliferation in a porcine model of restenosis. Methods

  8. Predictive diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia and personalized therapeutic strategy in women of fertile age

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Endometrial hyperplasia has a high risk for malignant transformation and relapses; existing mini-invasive treatments may lead to irrevocable endometrium destruction. The aims were to analyze receptor systems in endometrial hyperplasia, to evaluate the capabilities of ultrasonography, sonoelastography for diagnosis and treatment control, and to develop treatment algorithm. Materials and methods We included 313 women (20–45 years), assessed into the following: group 1 (n?=?112) with glandular cystic hyperplasia, group 2 (n?=?98) endometrial polyps, and group 3 (n?=?103) atypical hyperplasia; and 82 controls who have undergone hysteroscopy before in vitro fertilization in tubal origin infertility were also included. Patients underwent clinical examination, transvaginal ultrasound, immunohistochemical study, and hormonal therapy/hysteroresectoscopy. Results In patients with glandular hyperplasia, we registered increase of endometrium estrogen receptors (75.6% in the epithelium and 30.9% in the stroma; in controls, 43.3% and 29.6%, respectively); in polyps, there was a significant estrogen receptor increase in the stroma (48.2% vs 29.6% in controls), and in atypical hyperplasia, progesterone receptors significantly increased in the stroma. Ki-67 increased (40% to 50%) in the epithelium without changes in the stroma. Ultrasound has a sensitivity of 96% and a specificity of 85% for early detection of endometrial pathology and prediction outcome of intervention, and sonoelastography has a sensitivity of 91% and a specificity of 83% for polyp diagnosis. Personalized treatment was effective in 88.8%, relapse was diagnosed in 11.2% after 6 months, and conservative treatment of atypical hyperplasia was effective in 45%: in 25.8%, ablative hysteroresectoscopy was performed, while in 22.6% with comorbidities, hystero/oophorectomies were performed. Conclusions The evaluation of receptor status with ultrasound data in patients with endometrial hyperplasia allows for a clear definition of the treatment policy, avoidance of relapse, treatment optimization, and observation of such patients. PMID:24314145

  9. Focal nodular hyperplasia: typical and atypical MRI findings with emphasis on the use of contrast media.

    PubMed

    Marin, D; Brancatelli, G; Federle, M P; Lagalla, R; Catalano, C; Passariello, R; Midiri, M; Vilgrain, V

    2008-05-01

    Focal nodular hyperplasia is a benign hypervascular hepatic tumour, frequently detected in asymptomatic patients undergoing imaging studies for unrelated reasons. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) generally allows a confident differential diagnosis with other hypervascular liver lesions, either benign or malignant. In addition, due to the recent development of hepatospecific MRI contrast agents, MRI concomitantly enables functional and morphological information to be obtained, thus providing important clues for the detection and characterization of focal nodular hyperplasia lesions. PMID:18374723

  10. Radioactive stents delay but do not prevent in-stent neointimal hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Patrick Kay; Alexander J. Wardeh; Ken Kozuma; A. H. M. Knook; A. Thury; P. W. J. C. Serruys; D. P. Foley; P. C. Levendag; Giessen van der W. J; G. Sianos

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Restenosis after conventional stenting is almost exclusively caused by neointimal hyperplasia. Beta-particle-emitting radioactive stents decrease in-stent neointimal hyperplasia at 6-month follow-up. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 1-year outcome of (32)P radioactive stents with an initial activity of 6 to 12 microCi using serial quantitative coronary angiography and volumetric ECG-gated 3D intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). METHODS AND

  11. [Primary hyperaldosteronism by unilateral adrenal hyperplasia: a report of two cases].

    PubMed

    Ferreira-Hermosillo, Aldo; Hernández-Martínez, Alex Francisco; Hernández-García, Irma; Molina-Ayala, Mario

    2013-01-01

    Primary aldosteronism (PA) is actually the main cause of adrenal-endocrine hypertension. This syndrome is characterized by hypertension, hypokalemia, suppressed plasma renin activity, and increased aldosterone excretion. The most common causes of this syndrome are bilateral idiopathic hyperaldosteronism and aldosterone producing adenoma (Conn's syndrome) and less frequently unilateral adrenal hyperplasia, adrenal carcinoma, or familial hyperaldosteronism. Unilateral adrenal hyperplasia (UAP) constitutes 2% of the causes of PA. We present the case of two patients with UAP. PMID:24276190

  12. Protective effects of seahorse extracts in a rat castration and testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia model and mouse oligospermatism model.

    PubMed

    Xu, Dong-Hui; Wang, Li-Hong; Mei, Xue-Ting; Li, Bing-Ji; Lv, Jun-Li; Xu, Shi-Bo

    2014-03-01

    This study investigated the effects of seahorse (Hippocampus spp.) extracts in a rat model of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and mouse model of oligospermatism. Compared to the sham operated group, castration and testosterone induced BPH, indicated by increased penile erection latency; decreased penis nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity; reduced serum acid phosphatase (ACP) activity; increased prostate index; and epithelial thickening, increased glandular perimeter, increased proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) index and upregulation of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in the prostate. Seahorse extracts significantly ameliorated the histopathological changes associated with BPH, reduced the latency of penile erection and increased penile NOS activity. Administration of seahorse extracts also reversed epididymal sperm viability and motility in mice treated with cyclophosphamide (CP). Seahorse extracts have potential as a candidate marine drug for treating BPH without inducing the side effects of erectile dysfunction (ED) or oligospermatism associated with the BPH drug finasteride. PMID:24607683

  13. Rib index.

    PubMed

    Grivas, Theodoros B

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the double rib contour sign (DRCS) and the rib index (RI). The analyzed topics are 1. the history of presentations - publication of DRCS-RI, 2. the study source origin: school screening for idiopathic scoliosis (IS), 3. what the DRCS and the RI are- Description, 4. the quantification of the DRCS - RI, 5. a reliability study for RI 6. how much the rib index is affected by the distance between the radiation source and the irradiated individual, 7. the implications on IS aetiology, 8. the applications of Rib index for a. documentation of the deformity, b. assessment of physiotherapy, c. assessment of brace treatment and d. pre- and post-operative assessment; assessment of the rib-cage deformity correction on the transverse plane, 9. the use of RI and implications for screening policies 10. the reference of the RI method in spinal textbooks and finally 11. the citations in Google Scholar. PMID:25635184

  14. Tuberous sclerosis diagnosed by incidental computed tomography findings of multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Introduction The majority of multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia associated with tuberous sclerosis complex is diagnosed with the classical clinical triad of seizures, mental retardation, and skin lesions. We report a rare case of tuberous sclerosis complex with no classical clinical findings, which was diagnosed through incidental computed tomography findings of multiple nodular lesions of multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia. Case presentation A chest computed tomography scan of a 51-year-old Japanese woman showed multiple nodular ground-glass opacities that were not seen on chest X-ray. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was performed. A histological examination demonstrated type II pneumocyte hyperplasia with thickened fibrotic alveolar septa, which was consistent with multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging displayed multiple cortical tubers, and abdominal computed tomography showed bilateral renal angiomyolipoma. Our patient was finally diagnosed as having tuberous sclerosis complex with multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia, although she had no episodes of epilepsy, no skin lesions, and no family history. Conclusions Multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia with latent tuberous sclerosis complex should be considered in the differential diagnosis of multiple ground-glass opacities. PMID:23072249

  15. Differentiating cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia by multiplex qRT-PCR.

    PubMed

    Su, Albert; Ra, Seong; Li, Xinmin; Zhou, Jian; Binder, Scott

    2013-11-01

    Squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common cutaneous malignancy. The diagnosis can occasionally be difficult as there are many lesions that are mimics, clinically and on pathologic examination. One of the most challenging lesions to differentiate from squamous cell carcinoma is pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia, a reactive proliferation of the epidermis that can be encountered secondary to a variety of inflammatory and neoplastic conditions. Utilizing the data set from our previously performed DNA microarray studies on formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue, we found that the genes C15orf48 and KRT9 had a distinct and robust gene expression pattern in distinguishing squamous cell carcinoma from pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia. C15orf48 had higher expression than KRT9 in squamous cell carcinoma, but lower expression than KRT9 in pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia. We developed and blindly validated a multiplex TaqMan PCR assay that utilizes these two highly discriminatory genes, which can be performed on material extracted from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue. The TaqMan assay was able to differentiate squamous cell carcinoma from pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in 54 of 58 cases (93%). Squamous cell carcinoma was accurately identified in 27 of 28 cases (96%); pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in 27 of 30 cases (90%). This multiplex TaqMan PCR assay may be used as a helpful ancillary molecular diagnostic test to accurately distinguish squamous cell carcinoma from pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in challenging cases. PMID:23702732

  16. The effects of Toradol on postoperative intimal hyperplasia in a rat carotid endarterectomy model: laboratory research.

    PubMed

    Kalapatapu, Venkat R; Satterfield, Leighton; Brown, Aliza T; Hongjiang Chen; Ercal, Nuran; Price, Tulin O; Jie Gao; Ibrahim, Khalil; Moursi, Mohammed M

    2007-01-01

    Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and more recently carotid artery stenting are the treatments of choice for atherosclerotic disease of the extracranial carotid arteries; however, early restenosis caused by neointimal hyperplasia confounds surgical therapy. Oxidative stress has been implicated in the progression of intimal hyperplasia. The authors hypothesized that ketorolac tromethamine (Toradol), a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug that is a potent cyclooxygenase inhibitor, would decrease oxidative stress and thereby reduce intimal hyperplasia in a rat CEA model. Twenty-nine male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent CEA and were divided into 3 treatment groups as follows: (1) control (placebo), (2) 7.5 mg/kg Toradol, and (3) 10 mg/kg Toradol. Toradol treatment began 2 days before CEA and continued for 2 weeks. Two weeks after endarterectomy, carotid arteries were fixed, harvested, and examined for platelet activity (platelet reactive units), oxidative stress (malondialdehyde and glutathione), and intimal hyperplasia (measured as percentage of luminal stenosis). Platelet activity, malondialdehyde and glutathione, and intimal hyperplasia were all significantly lowered in both 7.5- and 10-mg/kg doses of Toradol versus control. Toradol given daily beginning 2 days before CEA and ending 2 weeks after the procedure was effective at significantly reducing platelet activity, oxidative stress, and intimal hyperplasia development in the rat without any increase in bleeding. Although the mechanism of action of this reduction is not completely understood, one possible explanation may be through the inhibition of reactive oxygen species production. PMID:17942855

  17. Contemporary Practice Patterns of Endoscopic Surgical Management for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Among Urologists in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Lowrance, William T.; Southwick, Andrew; Maschino, Alexandra C.; Sandhu, Jaspreet S.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose We describe contemporary trends in endoscopic surgical management for benign prostatic hyperplasia. We examined case logs submitted by urologists for American Board of Urology certification or recertification. We compared electrosurgical transurethral resection of the prostate vs laser vaporization or laser enucleation and determined the impact of surgeon age on practice patterns. Materials and Methods We analyzed case logs from 2004 to 2010 for trends and used logistic regression models to assess the impact of surgeon age on endoscopic surgery use. Results A total of 3,955 urologists included at least 1 endoscopic surgical management in the case logs, while 2,334 (59%) exclusively performed electrosurgical transurethral resection of the prostate and 309 (8%) exclusively performed laser vaporization or laser enucleation. We observed a large increase in the number and proportion of laser procedures from 11% in 2004 to 44% in 2010. Although there was no difference in median age between urologists who performed exclusively electrosurgical transurethral resection and those who performed laser procedures, the latter had a substantially higher case volume. Older urologists were significantly less likely to perform laser vaporization or enucleation when undergoing the second recertification (OR 0.56/10 years of age, 95% CI 0.36–0.87, p = 0.009), but not the initial certification. Conclusions There was a substantial increase in laser vaporization or laser enucleation procedures performed by urologists who underwent board certification or recertification in 2004 to 2010. However, of those undergoing the second recertification older age was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of performing laser procedures. These data provide estimates of current practice patterns and further our understanding of evolving surgical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia. PMID:23219542

  18. The prevalence of late onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia in hirsute women from Central Anatolia.

    PubMed

    Kamel, Nuri; Tonyukuk, Vedia; Emral, Rifat; Corapçio?lu, Demet; Ba?temir, Mehmet; Güllü, Sevim

    2003-12-01

    Late onset congenital adrenal hyperplasia (LO CAH) can be seen in association with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or idiopathic hirsutism (IH). The study aimed to find out the prevalence of LO CAH in Central Anatolia among hirsute women. Sixty-three patients with hirsutism were evaluated to determine the frequency of LO CAH by comparing them with their age and body mass index matched 28 healthy controls. Of those 63 hirsute women, 43 were diagnosed as PCOS, and 20 were diagnosed as IH. Following basal hormonal evaluation, all subjects underwent ACTH stimulation test and ACTH stimulated 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OH P), 11-desoxycortisol (11-DOC), cortisol (F), and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) levels were determined in all subjects. ACTH stimulated 17-OH P, 11-DOC, and DHEA-S levels did not differ between groups. However, stimulated F levels were found to be higher in hirsute women (p<0.001). Six out of 63 (9.52%) patients with hirsutism met the criterion for 21 hydroxylase deficiency. We found no subject presumed to have 11-beta hydroxylase deficiency, but one subject in control group (3.57%) and two patients among PCOS subjects (4.65%) had exaggerated DHEA-S response which was suggestive of mild 3-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency. In conclusion, the most frequent form of LO CAH seems to be due to 21 OH deficiency among women with PCOS and IH in Central Anatolia. Mild 3-beta HSD deficiency may also be an underlying cause for hirsutism and it may be seen without any clinical presentation. Adrenal hyperactivity is likely to be the main reason of hyperandrogenemia in women with hirsutism. PMID:14709856

  19. Hyperplasia of Pericytes Is One of the Main Characteristics of Microvascular Architecture in Malignant Glioma

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Huiqin; Guo, Deyu; Su, Yongping; Yu, Dongmei; Wang, Qingliang; Wang, Tao; Zhou, Qing; Ran, Xinze; Zou, Zhongmin

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To investigate the role of pericytes in constructing the malformed microvessels (MVs) and participating microvascular architecture heterogeneity of glioma. Methods Forty human glioma tissue samples (WHO grade II-IV) were included in present study. Observation of blood vessel patterns, quantitative analysis of endothelial cells (ECs)- and pericyte-labeled MVs and comparison between malignant grades based on single- or double-immunohistochemical staining. The MV number density (MVND), microvascular pericyte number density (MPND), and microvascular pericyte area density (MPAD) were calculated. The expression of PDGF? was also scored after immunostaining. Results In grade II glioma, most of tumor MVs were the thin-wall CD34+ vessels with near normal morphology. In addition to thin-wall CD34+ MVs, more thick-wall MVs were found in grade III glioma, which often showed ?-SMA positive. Most of MVs in grade IV glioma were in the form of plexus, curled cell cords and glomeruloid microvascular proliferation while the ?-SMA+ cells were the main components. The MVs usually showed disordered arrangement, loose connection and active cell proliferation as shown by Ki67 and ?-SMA coexpression. With the increase of glioma grades, the ?-SMA+ MVND, CD34+ MVND and MPND were significantly augmented although the increase of CD34+ MVND but not MPAD was statistically insignificant between grade III and IV. It was interesting that some vessel-like structures only consist of ?-SMA+ cells, assuming the guiding role of pericytes in angiogenesis. The expression level of PDGF? was upregulated and directly correlated with the MPND in different glioma grades. Conclusion Hyperplasia of pericytes was one of the significant characteristics of malignant glioma and locally proliferated pericytes were the main constituent of MVs in high grade glioma. The pathological characteristics of pericytes could be used as indexes of malignant grades of glioma. PMID:25478951

  20. Ramelteon combined with an ?1-blocker decreases nocturia in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Nocturia is defined as waking one or more times during the night due to the urge to void. Recently, the effectiveness of several sedatives and analgesics for nocturia has been reported. We herein investigated the effects of ramelteon, an antioxidant and sleep inducer, on nocturia unresponsive to ?1-blocker monotherapy in males with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) as a pilot study. Methods Subjects were 19 patients who had LUTS suggestive of benign prostate hyperplasia, received ?1-blockers (tamsulosin, silodosin, or naftopidil), and continued to have two or more episodes of nocturia per night before starting ramelteon. Ramelteon at 8 mg once daily for one month was added to the ?1-blocker. A self-administered questionnaire including the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL) index, Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), and Nocturia Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (N-QOL) were assessed before and one month after starting ramelteon. Results The mean score on IPSS question 7 (nocturia) decreased significantly from 2.88 before starting ramelteon to 2.41 one month after starting the medication (P?=?0.03). The mean total OABSS decreased significantly from 6.31 to 5.38 (P?=?0.03), and the mean for OABSS question 2 (nighttime frequency of nocturia) also significantly decreased from 2.63 to 2.13 (P?=?0.01). The mean total N-QOL score did not change significantly. Two patients had dizziness; the remaining patients had no adverse drug-related events. Conclusions Ramelteon in combination with an ?1-blocker could be a treatment option for reducing nocturia in men with BPH. PMID:23758651

  1. Effects of Tamsulosin on Premature Ejaculation in Men with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Choi, Jae Hwi; Hwa, Jung Seog; Kam, Sung Chul; Jeh, Seong Uk

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Previous studies have revealed that tamsulosin is effective in improving lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile functioning but has some inhibitory effects on ejaculation, including decreased ejaculatory volume. However, these inhibitory effects on ejaculation can be beneficial to patients with premature ejaculation (PE). Therefore, this study was conducted to understand the effect of tamsulosin on PE in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Materials and Methods Twenty-nine patients who visited with LUTS were categorized into 2 groups of LUTS-only patients (n=12) and LUTS combined with PE (LUTS+PE) patients (n=17), and 0.4 mg of tamsulosin was administered to the patients of both groups for 12 weeks. Comparative analyses of before and after the treatment were conducted for calculating the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5), intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT), premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT), and premature ejaculation profile (PEP). The patients with an IPSS score of 8 or higher were determined as LUTS patients, and the patients with IELT of less than 2 minutess and a PEDT score of 9 or higher were determined as PE patients. Results After treatment, the IPSS score significantly decreased in both groups. There was no statistically significant change in the PEDT for the LUTS group, but there was a significant decrease in PEDT (p=0.012; from 12.1±3.31 to 8.4±4.49) in the LUTS+PE group. Conclusions Tamsulosin not only has a treatment effect for LUTS but also improves the PE of LUTS+PE patients. Therefore, further studies are needed to confirm the effects of tamsulosin on PE. PMID:25237660

  2. Population Index

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Two excellent bibliographic resources for population studies are the "Population Index" from the Office of Population Research at Princeton University, and "Population Organizations: Finder's Guide" from the Center for Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "Population Index" is a quarterly publication that has been available since 1935. It "covers all fields of interest to demographers, including fertility, mortality, population size and growth, migration, nuptiality and the family, research methodology, projections and predictions, historical demography, and demographic and economic interrelations. Input is derived from original publications including monographs, journal articles, other serial publications, working papers, doctoral dissertations, machine-readable data files, and relevant acquisitions lists and bibliographies." About 3,500 citations are produced annually. Full text for the Index is available at the "Population Index" Web site for 1986-present (Vol. 52-present). Indexes can be searched by author, subject matter, geographical region, or publication year. There is now an experimental free text search capability for the 1994-present issues. "Population Organizations: Finder's Guide" is a no frills "practical tool for population professionals who need a single source for the quick location of organizations that publish and distribute or post population or family planning documents." It contains hundreds of citations, providing organization addresses, phone and FAX numbers, and Internet addresses when available. The Guide is updated every six months and is maintained by Ruth Sandor, Director of the Library of the Center for Demography and Ecology. Office of Population Research, Princeton University: http://opr.princeton.edu/ "Population Organizations: Finder's Guide": gopher://cde2.ssc.wisc.edu:70/00/addazlis gopher to: cde2.ssc.wisc.edu select: Population Organizations: Finder's Guide Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison: http://www.ssc.wisc.edu/cde/

  3. Multifocal Adenomatous Oncocytic Hyperplasia of the Parotid Gland

    PubMed Central

    Kinoshita, Yuichi; Harada, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Tadao K.; Yoshizawa, Katsuhiko; Yuri, Takashi; Takasu, Kosho; Tsubura, Airo; Shikata, Nobuaki

    2014-01-01

    Multifocal adenomatous oncocytic hyperplasia (MAOH) is a non-neoplastic lesion that is classified as oncocytosis. MAOH is a rare entity of the parotid gland and accounts for approximately 0.1% of salivary gland lesions. Here, we report a case of MAOH of the parotid gland. The patient was a 71-year-old woman who presented with discomfort at the left side of her neck. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the parotid gland revealed a loose sheet-like cluster of round to polygonal cells with granular cytoplasm against a hemorrhagic background. The cells had round to oval, centrally located nuclei with granular chromatin and without distinct nucleoli. Histologically, the lesion was formed of many variable-sized nodules, comprising oncocyte-like cells with small round nuclei and eosinophilic granular cytoplasm that was positive for mitochondrial antibodies. The diagnosis of MAOH is difficult to make by cytology alone, because the findings overlap with those of other oncocytic lesions. In particular, the cytological findings of MAOH have not been sufficiently reported to date. A correlation of cytology and histology was expected. PMID:25580104

  4. Giant Bilateral Adrenal Myelolipoma with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Al-Bahri, S.; Tariq, A.; Lowentritt, B.; Nasrallah, D. V.

    2014-01-01

    Myelolipomas are rare and benign neoplasms, predominant of the adrenal glands, consisting of adipose and mature hematopoietic tissue, commonly discovered incidentally with increased use of radiologic imaging. Few cases of giant bilateral adrenal masses are reported, especially in the setting of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We report the case of a 39-year-old male with a history of CAH secondary to 21-? hydroxylase deficiency on steroids since childhood, self-discontinued during adolescence, presenting with abdominal distension, fatigue, decreased libido, and easy bruising. Imaging revealed giant bilateral adrenal masses. He subsequently underwent bilateral adrenalectomy found to be myelolipomas measuring 30 × 25 × 20?cm on the left and weighing 4.1?kg and 25 × 20 × 13?cm on the right and weighing 2.7?kg. Adrenal myelolipomas are found to coexist with many other conditions such as Cushing's syndrome, Addison's disease, and CAH. We discuss the association with high adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) states and review the studies involving ACTH as proponent leading to myelolipomas. Massive growth of these tumors, as in our case, can produce compression and hemorrhagic symptoms. We believe it is possible that self-discontinuation of steroids, in the setting of CAH, may have resulted in the growth of his adrenal masses. PMID:25140269

  5. Suppression of benign prostate hyperplasia by Kaempferia parviflora rhizome

    PubMed Central

    Murata, Kazuya; Hayashi, Hirotaka; Matsumura, Shinichi; Matsuda, Hideaki

    2013-01-01

    Background: Kaempferia parviflora rhizome is used as a folk medicine in Thailand for the treatment of various symptoms. In the present study, the inhibitory activities of extract from K. parviflora rhizome against 5?-reductase (5?R) were subjected. Furthermore, the effects of the extract from K. parviflorar hizome in benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) were studied using the model mice. Materials and Methods: Preparations of extracts from the rhizomes of K. parviflora, Curcuma zedoaria and Zingiber officinale, and methoxyflavones isolated from K. parviflora was used for 5?R inhibition assay. The effects of K. parviflora extract on growth suppression for the prostates and seminal vesicles were performed based on the Hershberger's method. The K. parviflora extract was administered to castrated mice for 14 days. Results: K. parviflora extract showed more potent inhibitory activity on 5?R than C. zedoaria and Z. officinale extracts. The active principles were identified as 3,5,7,3’,4’-pentamethoxyflavone and 5,7,3’,4’-tetramethoxyflavone by activity guided fractionation. Furthermore, K. parviflora extract suppressed the weights of prostates and seminal vesicles in BPH model rats by daily administration for 14 days. Conclusion: These results indicate that K. parviflora extract can be a promising agent for the treatment of BPH. PMID:24174827

  6. Treatment and health outcomes in adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Han, Thang S; Walker, Brian R; Arlt, Wiebke; Ross, Richard J

    2014-02-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a genetic disorder caused by defective steroidogenesis that results in glucocorticoid deficiency; the most common underlying mutation is in the gene that encodes 21-hydroxylase. Life-saving glucocorticoid treatment was introduced in the 1950s, and the number of adult patients is now growing; however, no consensus has been reached on the management of CAH beyond childhood. Adult patients are prescribed a variety of glucocorticoids, including hydrocortisone, prednisone, prednisolone, dexamethasone and combinations of these drugs taken in either a circadian or reverse circadian regimen. Despite these personalized treatments, biochemical control of CAH is only achieved in approximately one-third of patients. Some patients have a poor health status, with an increased incidence of obesity and osteoporosis, and impaired fertility and quality of life. The majority of poor health outcomes seem to relate to inadequate treatment rather than the genotype of the patient. Patients receiving high doses of glucocorticoids and the more potent synthetic long-acting glucocorticoids are at an increased risk of obesity, insulin resistance and a reduced quality of life. Further research is required to optimize the treatment of adult patients with CAH and improve health outcomes. PMID:24342885

  7. Water-induced thermotherapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Cioanta, I; Muschter, R

    2000-12-01

    Water-induced thermotherapy (WIT), administered by the Thermoflex System, represents a novel minimally invasive technique for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The Thermoflex System consists of an extracorporeal heat source and a proprietary closed-loop catheter system. Water, heated to 60 degrees C, is continuously circulated through the catheter to a treatment balloon, which conducts thermal energy to targeted prostatic tissue. The combination of heat and compression reduces the heat sink effect of the circulating blood, thus enhancing the thermal energy transfer to the compressed tissue. WIT treatment is performed using only topical urethral anesthetic, in a single 45-minute session. The 2-year follow-up data from a European multicenter study consisting of 125 patients showed an improvement in peak urine flow of 87.4% (from baseline 8.7 +/- 1.9 to 16.3 +/- 9.1 mL/s) and in the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) of -54.2% (from baseline 24 +/- 5 to 11 +/- 5). Patient tolerance of WIT was rated as "excellent" or "good" in 91.8% of the procedures. WIT is efficacious, simple, and inexpensive, has few side effects, and does not need special probes to monitor prostate or rectum temperature; thus, it can be used in hospitals, outpatient clinics, and doctors' offices. PMID:11108569

  8. Clinical and molecular review of atypical congenital adrenal hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is one of the most common inherited metabolic disorders. It comprises a group of autosomal recessive disorders caused by the mutations in the genes encoding for steroidogenic enzymes that involved cortisol synthesis. More than 90% of cases are caused by a defect in the enzyme 21-hydroxylase. Four other enzyme deficiencies (cholesterol side-chain cleavage, 17?-hydroxylase [P450c17], 11?-hydroxylase [P450c11?], 3?-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase) in the steroid biosynthesis pathway, along with one cholesterol transport protein defect (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein), and one electrontransfer protein (P450 oxidoreductase) account for the remaining cases. The clinical symptoms of the different forms of CAH result from the particular hormones that are deficient and those that are produced in excess. A characteristic feature of CAH is genital ambiguity or disordered sex development, and most variants are associated with glucocorticoid deficiency. However, in the rare forms of CAH other than 21-hydroxylase deficiency so-called "atypical CAH", the clinical and hormonal phenotypes can be more complicated, and are not well recognized. This review will focus on the atypical forms of CAH, including the genetic analyses, and phenotypic correlates. PMID:25883920

  9. Propranolol: a novel treatment for angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia.

    PubMed

    Horst, C; Kapur, N

    2014-10-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon, idiopathic disease that manifests as dermal or subcutaneous red or brown papules or nodules, most commonly on the head and neck. Histologically, ALHE is characterized by vascular proliferation with epithelioid endothelial cells with surrounding lymphocytic and eosinophilic infiltrate. There may be an accompanying serum eosinophilia and local lymphadenopathy. We report a case of a 32-year-old woman who presented with multiple erythematous nodules in the periauricular area and the vertex of her scalp. The nodules had been present for several months. Surgical removal of one of the lesions confirmed the histological diagnosis of ALHE. The patient was started on oral propranolol (40 mg once daily) in an effort to reduce the vascular component of the lesions. Within 6 weeks, the patient noted that several of the lesions had decreased in size, and all were less erythematous. Propranolol was subsequently stopped within a few months of initiating treatment. One lesion recurred over a year later, and propranolol was then restarted. No new lesions occurred after 2 years of follow-up. PMID:25065811

  10. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia occurring in bilateral eyelids

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign lesion, primarily occurring in the head and neck. ALHE arising from the ocular adnexa is rare, and the bilateral presentation is especially rare in the eyelids. Case presentation A 64-year-old Japanese man presented with tearing. Multiple nodules, approximately 5 mm in size, were observed in bilateral upper and lower eyelids. Surgical excisions of the both eyelids masses were performed. Histopathological examination of the excised masses demonstrated proliferated blood vessels lined by plump endothelial cells together with a lymphoid and eosinopilic infiltrate, compatible with a diagnosis of ALHE. Flow cytometry studies showed that the mass consisted of mostly CD3-positive cells. During two-year follow-up, no recurrence of the mass was observed and the patient had no subjective symptom of tearing Conclusion ALHE may occur in the bilateral eyelids. The cause of ALHE remains uncertain, but our results of flow cytemetry suggest that T cells are related to the pathogenesis of this disease. PMID:23914723

  11. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia: good response to photodynamic therapy.

    PubMed

    Sotiriou, E; Apalla, Z; Patsatsi, A; Panagiotidou, D Devliotou; Ioannides, D

    2009-12-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign vascular disease of unknown pathogenesis, that occurs as solitary or multiple nodules or papules. Lesions are located mainly on the head, forehead and neck, and may be persistent and difficult to eradicate. We report a case of ALHE treated with aminolaevulinic acid photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT). Treatment consisted of two ALA-PDT sessions with a 2-week interval. Clinical evaluation, 8 weeks after treatment, showed marked improvement though not complete regression. The treatment was well tolerated. At follow-up 4 months after treatment, the lesions were stable. We believe that PDT could be an alternative therapeutic approach for ALHE or could be used as a neoadjuvant treatment to reduce lesion size especially where size or site of lesions limits the efficacy or acceptability of other treatments. The lack of cumulative effects allows repeated treatments with ALA-PDT, but long-term follow-up is advised for assessment of recurrence. PMID:19549233

  12. Benign prostatic hyperplasia and male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS)

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and bladder outlet obstruction may affect up to 30% of men in their early 70s. Symptoms can improve without treatment, but the usual course is a slow progression of symptoms, with acute urinary retention occurring in 1% to 2% of men with BPH per year. Methods and outcomes We conducted a systematic review and aimed to answer the following clinical questions: What are the effects of medical, herbal, and surgical treatments? We searched: Medline, Embase, The Cochrane Library, and other important databases up to July 2009 (Clinical Evidence reviews are updated periodically, please check our website for the most up-to-date version of this review). We included harms alerts from relevant organisations such as the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA). Results We found 63 systematic reviews, RCTs, or observational studies that met our inclusion criteria. We performed a GRADE evaluation of the quality of evidence for interventions. Conclusions In this systematic review we present information relating to the effectiveness and safety of the following interventions: 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors, alpha-blockers, beta-sitosterol plant extract, Pygeum africanum, rye grass pollen extract, saw palmetto plant extracts, transurethral electrovaporisation, transurethral Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate, transurethral microwave thermotherapy, transurethral needle ablation, and transurethral resection (including transurethral resection versus transurethral incision, and transurethral resection versus visual laser ablation/laser vaporisation). PMID:21871136

  13. Critical review of lasers in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

    PubMed

    Gravas, Stavros; Bachmann, Alexander; Reich, Oliver; Roehrborn, Claus G; Gilling, Peter J; De La Rosette, Jean

    2011-04-01

    • Laser treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia has challenged transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) due to advances in laser technology, better understanding of tissue-laser interactions and growing clinical experience. • Various lasers have been introduced including neodymium: yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG), holmium (Ho):YAG, potassium titanyl phosphate:YAG, thulium(Tm) and diode laser. Based on the different wave-length dependent laser-prostatic tissue interactions, the main techniques are coagulation, vaporization, resection and enucleation. • The present review aims to help urologists to distinguish and to critically evaluate the role of different laser methods in the treatment by using an evidence-based approach. It also details further evidence for use in specific patient groups (in retention, on anticoagulation) and addresses the issues of cost and learning curve. • Coagulation-based techniques have been abandoned; holmium ablation/resection of the prostate has been superseded by the enucleation technique Ho-laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP). The short-term efficacy of the emerging laser treatments such as diode and Tm prostatectomy has been suggested by low quality studies. HoLEP and photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) represent valid clinical alternatives to TURP. HoLEP is the most rigorously analysed laser technique with durable efficacy for any prostate size and low early and late morbidity. PVP has grown in acceptance and popularity but long-term results from high quality studies are pending. PMID:21438974

  14. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia and Brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging Abnormalities

    PubMed Central

    Samia, Younes-Mhenni; Mahdi, Kamoun; Baha, Zantour; Saida, Jerbi-Ommezine; Tahar, Sfar Mohamed; Habib, Sfar Mohamed

    2010-01-01

    A 15-yr-old male patient with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) was referred to our department with a one year history of gradual worsening of tremors. He was diagnosed with salt-wasting 21-hydroxylase deficiency CAH at 40 d old and was started on hydrocortisone, fludrocortisone and salt. He was found to have hypertension at 8 yr of age. Detailed investigations failed to detect any cause for secondary hypertension. Physical findings on the current hospitalization objectified obesity, blood pressure of 150/80 mmHg, postural and action tremor, left cerebellar syndrome, reflex tetra pyramidal syndrome and mental decline. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed bilateral periventricular white matter hyperintensity that was more pronounced in the posterior regions and associated with cortico-subcortical atrophy and complete agenesis of the corpus callosum. All investigations for leukoencephalopathy were negative. A diagnosis of brain MRI abnormalities related to CAH was made, and the patient received symptomatic treatment of tremors. Our case report provides evidence of an increased frequency of brain MRI abnormalities in CAH. The literature suggests hormonal imbalance and exposure to excess exogenous glucocorticoids as main probable mechanisms. Thus, in clinical practice, CAH should be considered as one of the possible causes of brain white matter involvement associated with or without cerebral atrophy. PMID:23926386

  15. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: An overview of existing treatment

    PubMed Central

    Dhingra, Neelima; Bhagwat, Deepak

    2011-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most common condition in aging men, associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). A better understanding of the prostate physiology, function, and pathogenesis has led to the development of promising agents, useful in the management of LUTS in men. The specific approach used to treat BPH depends upon number of factors like age, prostrate size, weight, prostate-specific antigen level, and severity of the symptoms. 5?-reductase inhibitors decrease the production of dihydrotestosterone within the prostate, which results in decreased prostate volume, increased peak urinary flow rate, improvement of symptoms, decreased risk of acute urinary retention, and need for surgical intervention. ?1-adrenergic receptor (?1-AR) antagonists decrease LUTS and increase urinary flow rates in men with symptomatic BPH, but do not reduce the long-term risk of urinary retention or need for surgical intervention. Clinical efficacy of either 5?-reductase inhibitor or ?1-AR antagonist has been further improved by using combination therapy; however, long-term outcomes are still awaited. Many more potential new therapies are under development that may improve the treatment of BPH. This article gives a brief account of rationale and efficacy of different treatment options presently available in the management of BPH. PMID:21455413

  16. Micro and bulk analysis of prostate tissues classified as hyperplasia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwiatek, W. M.; Bana?, A.; Bana?, K.; Cinque, G.; Dyduch, G.; Falkenberg, G.; Kisiel, A.; Marcelli, A.; Podgórczyk, M.

    2007-07-01

    BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) is the most common benign neoplasm (non cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland), whose prevalence increases with age. The gland, when increased in size, exerts pressure on the urethra, causing obstruction to urine flow. The latter may result in severe urinary tract and kidney conditions. In this work prostate samples from patients diagnosed with BPH were analyzed using synchrotron radiation. Micro-analysis of the hyperplastic samples was carried out on the L-beam line at HASYLAB, DESY (Germany), while bulk analysis on selected samples was performed at the DRX2 beamline at LNF, Frascati (Italy). Microanalysis with a mono-energetic beam 15 ?m in diameter confirmed that concentrations of certain elements, such as S, Mn, Cu, Fe and Zn, are good indicators of pathological disorders in prostate tissue that may be considered effective tracers of developing compliant. The concentrations of Mn, Cu, Fe and Zn are higher in hyperplastic tissues, as compared to normal ones, while for sulphur the opposite is observed. Additionally, Fe and S K-edge XANES (X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure) spectroscopy experiments were carried out in order to determine the chemical speciation of these elements in our samples.

  17. Role of laser therapy in benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Riese, Werner T.; Sharpe, Brent A.; Aronoff, David B.; Mittemeyer, Bernhard T.

    2001-05-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common disease in males older than 50 years of age. 75-80% of this population is considered to have some degree of BPH causing clinical symptoms and requiring urological treatment. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P) is currently the standard surgical treatment modality for BPH. In an attempt to minimize the need for hospitalization and the associated perioperative and postoperative morbidity, alternatives have been sought. Various types of laser techniques such as interstitial laser coagulation and side-firing technology have been proposed. Numerous studies have shown that laser procedures safely and effectively reduce the volume of the prostate. Intra- and postoperative bleeding are nearly unknown complications for laser procedures, whereas this is the most relevant complication for the TUR-P. Due to significant tissue edema after laser treatment, patients commonly show delayed time to void adequately and, therefore, catheter drainage is often necessary for 3 to 21 days. Retrograde ejaculation is reported to occur less (0- 10%) compared to TUR-P (greater than 60%). Urinary tract infections are very common after interstitial laser coagulation. Although not many long-term clinical data are available, various studies have shown that BPH patients improve in symptom score, flow rate and post-void residual up to 3 years after laser treatment. This paper presents a concise review of efficacy, advantages and disadvantages of the most frequently used laser techniques as well as the long-term clinical data compared to TUR-P.

  18. Approach to the Patient: The Adult With Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Arlt, Wiebke

    2013-01-01

    The most common form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia is steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD). When the nonclassical (mild) form is included, 21OHD is the most common genetic disease in human beings. With the advent of pharmaceutical preparation of glucocorticoids starting in the 1960s and newborn screening starting in the 1990s, the majority of children with 21OHD are reaching adulthood, which has yielded a cohort of patients with, in essence, a new disease. Only recently have some data emerged from cohorts of adults with 21OHD, and in some centers, experience with the management of these patients is growing. These patients suffer from poor health, infertility, characteristic tumors in the adrenal glands and gonads, and consequences of chronic glucocorticoid therapy. Their care is fragmented and inconsistent, and many stop taking their medications out of frustration. Internal medicine residents and endocrinology fellows receive little training in their care, which further discourages their seeking medical attention. Adults with 21OHD have a different physiology from patients with Addison's disease or other androgen excess states, and their needs are different than those of young children with 21OHD. Consequently, their care requires unorthodox treatment and monitoring strategies foreign to most endocrine practitioners. Our goal for this article is to review their physiology, complications, and needs in order to develop rational and effective treatment and monitoring strategies. PMID:23837188

  19. Epithelial cell proliferation in thymic hyperplasia induced by triiodothyronine.

    PubMed Central

    Scheiff, J M; Cordier, A C; Haumont, S

    1977-01-01

    A significant hyperplasia of the thymus was induced in mice, treated with triiodothyronine during the first month of life. Stereological data showed that, in both treated and control mice, mononucleate epithelial cells were four times more numerous in the medulla that in the cortex. After triiodothyronine treatment, their absolute number in both cortex and medulla increased two-fold. The number of thymic epithelial cells could thus be regulated by thyroid hormones. The cortical volume in treated mice was also twice that of controls but medullar volume showed and increase of only fifty percent. Cortical epithelial cells increased at the same rate of the cortex volume by medullary epithelial cells grew more rapidly. In fact the medullary volume enlargement could be be explained mainly by the growth of the epithelium. Medullary lymphocytes did thus not preliferate in the same way as cortical lymphocytes after thyroid hormone administration. The recently described multinucleate epithelial cells were not modified in number and were thus insensitive to thyroid hormones. Images Fig. 5 Fig. 6 PMID:862237

  20. Androgen Receptor Roles in the Development of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Izumi, Kouji; Mizokami, Atsushi; Lin, Wen-Jye; Lai, Kuo-Pao; Chang, Chawnshang

    2014-01-01

    Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is a major cause of lower urinary tract symptoms, with an increased volume of transitional zone and associated with increased stromal cells. It is known that androgen/androgen receptor (AR) signaling plays a key role in development of BPH, and that blockade of this signaling decreases BPH volume and can relieve lower urinary tract symptoms, but the mechanisms of androgen/AR signaling in BPH development remain unclear, and the effectiveness of current drugs for treating BPH is still limited. The detailed mechanisms of androgen/AR signaling need to be clarified, and new therapies are needed for better treatment of BPH patients. This review focuses on roles of AR in epithelial and stromal cells in BPH development. In epithelial cells, AR may contribute to BPH development via epithelial cell–stromal cell interaction with alterations of epithelial–mesenchymal transition, leading to proliferation of stromal cells. Data from several mouse models with selective knockout of AR in stromal smooth-muscle cells and/or fibroblasts indicate that the AR in stromal cells can also promote BPH development. In prostatic inflammation, AR roles in infiltrating macrophages and epithelial and stromal cells have been linked to BPH development, which has led to discovery of new therapeutic targets. For example, targeting AR with the novel AR degradation enhancer, ASC-J9 offers a potential therapeutic approach against BPH development. PMID:23570837

  1. Acupuncture for benign prostatic hyperplasia: a systematic review protocol

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Wei; Yu, Jinna; Liu, Zhishun; Peng, Weina

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a non-malignant enlargement of the prostate commonly encountered in older men. BPH has been treated with acupuncture inside and outside China, but its effects are uncertain. This review aims to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy for BPH. Methods and analysis Seven databases will be searched from their inception: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Chinese Biomedical Database, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, the VIP Database and Wanfang Database. Randomised controlled clinical trials using acupuncture to treat BPH will be included. Outcome measures included urological symptom scores, urodynamic measures and quality-of-life scales. Adverse events will be assessed and reported for safety evaluation. Study selection and data extraction will be performed by two independent reviewers. Quality assessment (assessment of risk of bias) and data synthesis will be implemented using Review Manager (RevMan) software (V.5.2.3). Ethics and dissemination Ethical approval is not necessary because this systematic review will not include specific patient data. Updates will be conducted if there is enough new evidence that may cause any change in review conclusions. Trial registration number PROSPERO CRD42014013645. PMID:25838507

  2. Multifocal epithelial hyperplasia: A potentially precancerous disease? (Review)

    PubMed Central

    BASCONES-MARTÍNEZ, A.; COK, S.; BASCONES-ILUNDÁIN, C.; ARIAS-HERRERA, S.; GOMEZ-FONT, R.; BASCONES-ILUNDÁIN, J.

    2012-01-01

    Multifocal epithelial hyperplasia (MEH), also known as Heck’s disease, manifests as a papulonodular lesion in the oral mucosa and has been associated with the human papillomavirus, a virus related to various precancerous diseases in the oral cavity. It has a predisposition for the female gender and for children. Although the majority of reported cases have been among American Indians and Eskimos, it has been described in multiple ethnic groups in various geographical locations. The objective of this review was to report on the clinical characteristics and epidemiology of MEH and its possible correlation with oral cancer. It is based on a search of articles in international journals published prior to April 2011, using the PubMed database and selecting articles related to the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of MEH. The review revealed a higher number of cases in individuals of American Indian origin and a predilection of the disease for the female gender and for patients between the 1st and 2nd decades of life. The most frequent lesion site was the lower lip. The disease has been associated with socio-economic and genetic factors, among others. No cases of malignant transformation have been reported. PMID:22740890

  3. Giant bilateral adrenal myelolipoma with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Al-Bahri, S; Tariq, A; Lowentritt, B; Nasrallah, D V

    2014-01-01

    Myelolipomas are rare and benign neoplasms, predominant of the adrenal glands, consisting of adipose and mature hematopoietic tissue, commonly discovered incidentally with increased use of radiologic imaging. Few cases of giant bilateral adrenal masses are reported, especially in the setting of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We report the case of a 39-year-old male with a history of CAH secondary to 21-? hydroxylase deficiency on steroids since childhood, self-discontinued during adolescence, presenting with abdominal distension, fatigue, decreased libido, and easy bruising. Imaging revealed giant bilateral adrenal masses. He subsequently underwent bilateral adrenalectomy found to be myelolipomas measuring 30 × 25 × 20?cm on the left and weighing 4.1?kg and 25 × 20 × 13?cm on the right and weighing 2.7?kg. Adrenal myelolipomas are found to coexist with many other conditions such as Cushing's syndrome, Addison's disease, and CAH. We discuss the association with high adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) states and review the studies involving ACTH as proponent leading to myelolipomas. Massive growth of these tumors, as in our case, can produce compression and hemorrhagic symptoms. We believe it is possible that self-discontinuation of steroids, in the setting of CAH, may have resulted in the growth of his adrenal masses. PMID:25140269

  4. An update to 21-hydroxylase deficient congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Trakakis, Eftihios; Basios, George; Trompoukis, Pantelis; Labos, George; Grammatikakis, Ioannis; Kassanos, Demetrios

    2010-01-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to deficiency of the enzyme 21-hydroxylase (21-OH) is distinguished in classical (C-CAH) and non-classical form (NC-CAH), and it is also one of the most common autosomal recessive inherited disorders in humans. The prevalence of C-CAH is between 1:10,000 and 1:15,000 among the live neonates of North America and Europe while the NC-CAH occurs in approximately 0.2% of the general white population. The highest incidence of CAH (1:282 and 1:2141, respectively) has been evaluated in Yupik Eskimos in Alaska and in the populations of the island La Reunion (France), while the lower was detected in New Zealand newborns (0.3%). Nowadays, it has been established that except for the adrenal cortex in CAH cases, the adrenal medulla was also affected. In human 21-OH deficient adrenal gland it has been discovered that not only the chromaffin cells formed extensive neurites, expanding between adrenocortical cells, but also that the adrenal androgens promote outgrowth, whereas glucocorticoids preserve neuroendocrine cells. It seems that normal cortisol secretion by the adrenal cortex is necessary for adrenomedullary organogenesis. The synthesis of 21-OH is controlled by the active CYP21A2 gene located at a distance of 30 kb from a highly homologous pseudogene designated CYP21A1P. PMID:19499408

  5. Photoselective vaporization of the prostate for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Chughtai, Bilal; Te, Alexis

    2011-09-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) commonly occurs in older men. Traditionally, the gold standard for treatment of BPH has been the electrocautery-based transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). However, TURP is associated with several complications and side effects. Therefore, there is an interest in a number of emerging minimally invasive therapies as alterative treatment options. Advancements in laser technology have led to the introduction of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) using the GreenLight™ laser (American Medical Systems, MN, USA). PVP uses a 532-nm laser to remove obstructive prostatic tissue. The laser energy is selectively absorbed by hemoglobin in the prostate tissue and results in tissue destruction. The GreenLight PVP laser system has gone through several evolutions from the original 60-W laser to the most recent 180-W GreenLight XPS™ system with MoXy™ Fiber. With the increasing use of GreenLight to treat BPH, there is a need to review the evidence regarding its use. We review the clinical implications of using GreenLight laser therapy for the treatment of BPH. PMID:22026624

  6. Hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia with congenital portosystemic shunt.

    PubMed

    Cho, Yuki; Shimono, Taro; Morikawa, Hiroyasu; Shintaku, Haruo; Tokuhara, Daisuke

    2014-12-01

    Hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a rare benign tumor in children. Vascular anomalies have been identified as pathological features of FNH, but the etiology remains unclear. We describe a rare case including the time course of formation of hepatic FNH in response to congenital portosystemic shunt (PSS). A 4-month-old girl was identified on newborn mass screening to have hypergalactosemia, but no inherited deficiencies in galactose-metabolizing enzymes were found. Ultrasonography and per-rectal portal scintigraphy showed intrahepatic PSS of the right lobe as a cause of the hypergalactosemia. At age 12 months, the patient had elevated hepatic enzymes and small hypoechoic hepatic lesions around the shunt. On abdominal contrast-enhanced ultrasonography spoke-wheel sign and central stellate scar were seen, which are typical features of hepatic FNH without biopsy. Congenital intrahepatic PSS should be evaluated on abdominal contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and observed over time because of its potential to develop into hepatic FNH. PMID:25521987

  7. Multifocal adenomatous oncocytic hyperplasia of the parotid gland.

    PubMed

    Kinoshita, Yuichi; Harada, Hiroshi; Kobayashi, Tadao K; Yoshizawa, Katsuhiko; Yuri, Takashi; Takasu, Kosho; Tsubura, Airo; Shikata, Nobuaki

    2014-09-01

    Multifocal adenomatous oncocytic hyperplasia (MAOH) is a non-neoplastic lesion that is classified as oncocytosis. MAOH is a rare entity of the parotid gland and accounts for approximately 0.1% of salivary gland lesions. Here, we report a case of MAOH of the parotid gland. The patient was a 71-year-old woman who presented with discomfort at the left side of her neck. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of the parotid gland revealed a loose sheet-like cluster of round to polygonal cells with granular cytoplasm against a hemorrhagic background. The cells had round to oval, centrally located nuclei with granular chromatin and without distinct nucleoli. Histologically, the lesion was formed of many variable-sized nodules, comprising oncocyte-like cells with small round nuclei and eosinophilic granular cytoplasm that was positive for mitochondrial antibodies. The diagnosis of MAOH is difficult to make by cytology alone, because the findings overlap with those of other oncocytic lesions. In particular, the cytological findings of MAOH have not been sufficiently reported to date. A correlation of cytology and histology was expected. PMID:25580104

  8. The Senescence-Associated Secretory Phenotype Promotes Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Vital, Paz; Castro, Patricia; Tsang, Susan; Ittmann, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is characterized by increased tissue mass in the transition zone of the prostate, which leads to obstruction of urine outflow and considerable morbidity in a majority of older men. Senescent cells accumulate in human tissues, including the prostate, with increasing age. Expression of proinflammatory cytokines is increased in these senescent cells, a manifestation of the senescence-associated secretory phenotype. Multiplex analysis revealed that multiple cytokines are increased in BPH, including GM-CSF, IL-1?, and IL-4, and that these are also increased in senescent prostatic epithelial cells in vitro. Tissue levels of these cytokines were correlated with a marker of senescence (cathepsin D), which was also strongly correlated with prostate weight. IHC analysis revealed the multifocal epithelial expression of cathepsin D and coexpression with IL-1? in BPH tissues. In tissue recombination studies in nude mice with immortalized prostatic epithelial cells expressing IL-1? and prostatic stromal cells, both epithelial and stromal cells exhibited increased growth. Expression of IL-1? in prostatic epithelial cells in a transgenic mouse model resulted in increased prostate size and bladder obstruction. In summary, both correlative and functional evidence support the hypothesis that the senescence-associated secretory phenotype can promote the development of BPH, which is the single most common age-related pathology in older men. PMID:24434012

  9. Impacts of including forest understory brightness and foliage clumping information from multiangular measurements on leaf area index mapping over North America

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Pisek; Jing M. Chen; Krista Alikas; Feng Deng

    2010-01-01

    A new leaf area index (LAI) data set in 10 day intervals with consideration of the understory reflectance and foliage clumping effects over North America for 1 year is developed. The data set brings effectively together measurements from multiple sensors with complementary capabilities (SPOT-VEGETATION, Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer, POLDER). First, the temporal consistency analysis indicated the new product is on par

  10. Education Index

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Education Index Web site provides a guide to "the most useful education-related sites on the Web." The links can be browsed by subject such as astronomy, chemistry, geology, and physics (among many others), or by lifestage, from prenatal and infant all the way to college and continuing education. Although the sites described do not have a date of review or rating system, users should still find the resource worthwhile.

  11. Impact of wind erosion on detecting active tectonics from geomorphic indexes in extremely arid areas: a case study from the Hero Range, Qaidam Basin, NW China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Lei; Xiao, Ancheng; Yang, Shufeng

    2014-11-01

    Geomorphologic analysis has been used widely to detect active tectonics in regions where fluvial incision is the major erosional process. In this paper, however, we assess the feasibility of utilizing these frequently-used geomorphic indexes (e.g., hypsometric curves, longitudinal channel profiles, normalized stream length-gradient (SLK) index) to determine active tectonics in extremely arid areas where wind erosion also plays an important role. The case study is developed on the Hero Range in the western Qaidam Basin, one of the driest regions on Earth with severe wind erosion since late Pliocene. The result shows that in the west and south sectors, as well as the western part of the east sector, of the Hero Range where fluvial incision prevails, these geomorphic indexes are good indicators of active faulting and consistent with the geological result based on study of fault traces, scarps, faulted Holocene fans and historical seismicity within the past four decades. In contrast, along the northeastern margin (the NE and the SE parts of the east sector) of the range where wind erosion is also important, the results from the geomorphic indexes show quite active tectonics, contrary with the geological evidence favoring weakly active tectonics. Moreover, the positive SLK anomaly lies oblique to the fault trace and the anticline axis but parallel to the wind direction. To reconcile the contradiction, we propose that wind erosion caused by northwestern winds has a tendency to make geomorphic indexes exhibit anomalous values that indicate higher activities, by way of (1) lowering the base-level to generate knickpoints on the longitudinal channel profiles and therefore positive SLK anomalies, and (2) lateral erosion of the mountain front making the hypsometric curves and even the longitudinal channel profiles more convex, and producing obvious slope breaks.

  12. Personalized Medicine for Management of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Bechis, Seth K.; Otsetov, Alexander G.; Ge, Rongbin; Olumi, Aria F.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) affects over 50 percent of men by age 60 and is the cause of millions of dollars of healthcare expenditure for treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and urinary obstruction. Despite the widespread use of medical therapy, there is no universal therapy that treats all men with symptomatic BPH, and at least 30% of patients do not respond to medical management and a subset require surgery. Significant advances have been made in understanding the natural history and development of the prostate, such as elucidating the role of the enzyme 5? reductase Type 2 (5AR2), and advances in genomics and biomarker discovery offer the potential for a more targeted approach to therapy. We review the current understanding of BPH progression as well as key genes and signaling pathways implicated in the process such as 5? reductase. We also explore the potential of biomarker screening and gene-specific therapies as tools to risk stratify BPH patients and identify those with symptomatic or medically resistant forms. Materials and Methods A PubMed® literature search of current and past peer-reviewed literature on prostate development, lower urinary tract symptoms, BPH pathogenesis, targeted therapy, biomarkers, epigenetics, 5AR2 and personalized medicine was performed. An additional Google Scholar™ search was conducted to broaden the scope of the review. Relevant reviews and original research articles were examined as well as their cited references, and a synopsis of original data was generated with the goal of informing the practicing urologist of these advances and their implications. Results BPH is associated with a state of hyperplasia of both the stromal and epithelial compartments, with 5AR2 and androgen signaling playing key roles in development and maintenance of the prostate. Chronic inflammation, multiple growth factor and hormonal signaling pathways, and medical comorbidities play an intricate role in prostate tissue homeostasis as well as its evolution into the clinical state of BPH. Resistance to medical therapy with finasteride may occur through silencing of the 5AR2 gene by DNA methylation, leading to a state in which 30% of adult prostates do not express 5AR2. Novel biomarkers such as single nucleotide polymorshisms may be used to risk stratify patients with symptomatic BPH and identify those at risk of progression or failure of medical therapy. Several inhibitors of the androgen receptor and other signaling pathways have recently been identified which appear to attenuate BPH progression and may offer alternative targets for medical therapy. Conclusions Progressive worsening of LUTS and bladder outlet obstruction secondary to BPH is the result of multiple pathways including androgen receptor signaling, pro-inflammatory cytokines and growth factor signals. New techniques in genomics, proteomics and epigenetics have led to the discovery of aberrant signaling pathways, novel biomarkers, DNA methylation signatures and potential gene-specific targets. As personalized medicine continues to grow, the ability to risk stratify patients with symptomatic BPH, identify those at higher risk of progression, and seek alternative therapies for those likely to fail conventional options will become the standard of targeted therapy. PMID:24582540

  13. COX-2-Derived PGE2 Promotes Injury-induced Vascular Neointimal Hyperplasia through the EP3 Receptor

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Jian; Zou, Fangfang; Tang, Juan; Zhang, Qianqian; Gong, Yanjun; Wang, Qingsong; Shen, Yujun; Xiong, Lixia; Breyer, Richard; Lararus, Michael; Funk, Colin D.; Yu, Ying

    2014-01-01

    Rationale Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration and proliferation are the hallmarks of restenosis pathogenesis after angioplasty. Cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived prostaglandin (PG)E2 is implicated in the vascular remodeling response to injury. However, its precise molecular role remains unknown. Objective This study investigates the impact of COX-2-derived PGE2 on neointima formation after injury. Methods and Results Vascular remodeling was induced by wire-injury in femoral arteries of mice. Both neointima formation and the restenosis ratio were diminished in COX-2 KO mice as compared to controls, whereas these parameters were enhanced in COX-1>COX-2 mice where COX-1 is governed by COX-2 regulatory elements. PG profile analysis revealed that the reduced PGE2 by COX-2 deficiency, but not PGI2, could be rescued by COX-1 replacement, indicating COX-2-derived PGE2 enhanced neointima formation. Through multiple approaches, the EP3 receptor was identified to mediate the VSMC migration response to various stimuli. Disruption of EP3 impaired VSMC polarity for directional migration by depressing small GTPase activity and retarded vascular neointimal hyperplasia while overexpression of EP3? and EP3? aggravated neointima formation. Inhibition or deletion of EP3?/?, a G?s protein-coupled receptor, activated thecAMP/PKA pathway and depressed activation of RhoA in VSMCs. PGE2 could stimulate PI3K/Akt/GSK3? signaling in VSMCs through G?? subunits upon EP3?/? activation. Abolition of EP3 suppressed PI3K signaling and reduced GTPase activity in VSMCs, and altered cell polarity and directional migration. Conclusions COX-2-derived PGE2 facilitated the neointimal hyperplasia response to injury through EP3?/?-mediated cAMP/PKA and PI3K pathways, indicating EP3 inhibition maybe a promising therapeutic strategy for percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. PMID:23595951

  14. Recombinant human erythropoietin increases cerebral cortical width index and neurogenesis following ischemic stroke.

    PubMed

    Wen, Zhongmin; Wang, Peiji

    2012-03-15

    The cerebral cortical expansion index refers to the ratio between left and right cortex width and is recognized as an indicator for cortical hyperplasia. Cerebral ischemia was established in CB-17 mice in the present study, and the mice were subsequently treated with recombinant human erythropoietin via subcutaneous injection. Results demonstrated that cerebral cortical width index significantly increased. Immunofluorescence detection showed that the number of nuclear antigen antibody/5-bromodeoxyuridine-positive cells at the infarction edge significantly increased. Correlation analysis revealed a negative correlation between neurological scores and cortical width indices in rats following ischemic stroke. These experimental findings suggested that recombinant human erythropoietin promoted cerebral cortical hyperplasia, increased cortical neurogenesis, and enhanced functional recovery following ischemic stroke. PMID:25745447

  15. Cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia: a lymphoproliferative continuum with lymphomatous potential.

    PubMed

    Nihal, Minakshi; Mikkola, Debra; Horvath, Nancy; Gilliam, Anita C; Stevens, Seth R; Spiro, Timothy P; Cooper, Kevin D; Wood, Gary S

    2003-06-01

    Cutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia (CLH) has been proposed to be the benign end of a continuum of lymphoproliferative disorders with cutaneous lymphoma at its malignant extreme. An intermediate condition, known as "clonal CLH," was first recognized by us and shown to be a transitional state capable of eventuating in overt lymphoma. To better determine the prevalence of dominant clonality and risk of lymphoma among CLH cases, we studied the immunohistology and clonality of fresh-frozen samples from 44 CLH patients referred to a multidisciplinary cutaneous lymphoproliferative disorders program. Using a large panel of lymphoid markers, the cases were divided into 38 typical mixed B-cell/T-cell type CLH and 6 T-cell-rich type (T-CLH), the latter containing > 90% T cells. Of the 44 patients, 38 had solitary or localized lesions (4 cases of T-CLH), and 6 had regional/generalized lesions (2 cases of T-CLH). Forty cases were of idiopathic etiology. Suspected etiologies among 4 other cases included mercuric tattoo pigment, doxepin, clozapine, and bacterial infection. Immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) and T-cell receptor (TCR)-gamma gene rearrangements (GR) were studied using polymerase chain reaction assays, which are approximately 80% sensitive. Overall, 27 cases (61%) showed clonal CLH: 12 IgH+ (27%; 3 cases of T-CLH); 13 TCR+ (30%; 1 case of T-CLH); and 2 IgH+/TCR+ (4%; neither case was T-CLH). Two cases (4%; 1 case of T-CLH) progressed to cutaneous B-cell lymphoma. Both of these patients presented with regional lesions. Our findings indicate that clonal overgrowth is common in CLH, links CLH to lymphoma, and probably involves both B- and T-cell lineages (although TCR GR by B cells and vice versa could not be ruled out). The high prevalence of dominant clonality in our series may have resulted from the sensitivity of our PCR assays as well as patient selection. PMID:12827617

  16. Adrenal tuberculosis in Cushing's disease with bilateral macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Kwon, Hyuk-Sang; Kim, Sang-Il; Yoo, Soon-Jib; Yoon, Kun-Ho; Lee, Kwang-Woo; Kang, Moon-Won; Son, Ho-Young; Kang, Sung-Koo; Cha, Bong-Yun

    2006-04-01

    Cushing's disease is a disorder of hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary micro- or macro-adenoma. Most patients with Cushing's disease have a bilateral adrenal enlargement, which depends on the duration of the disease, as a result of the long standing ACTH stimulation of both adrenal glands. However, in macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia (MNH) that is caused by Cushing's disease, if the MNH gains autonomy, a bilateral adrenalectomy, as well as the removal of pituitary adenoma, is often essential. We encountered a patient diagnosed with Cushing's disease with bilateral adrenal tuberculosis simulating MNH. She had taken anti-tuberculosis medications one year prior to admission due to spinal tuberculosis. Sellar MRI revealed a pituitary macroadenoma, but adrenal CT showed enlargement in both adrenal glands that appeared to be MNH. A hormonal study and bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling revealed Cushing's disease. Therefore, she underwent trans-sphenoidal surgery of the pituitary mass. The pituitary surgery was successful and the serum cortisol returned to normal range. However, the adrenal mass rapidly enlarged after removing the pituitary tumor without showing evidence of a recurrence or adrenal autonomy of hypercortisolism. Accordingly, a laparoscopic left adrenalectomy was performed to examine the nature of the mass. The resected left adrenal gland was pathologically determined to have a lesion of tuberculosis with some part of the intact cortex. So we assumed that the cause of rapid adrenal enlargement might be due to adrenal tuberculosis. In summary, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of Cushing's disease coexisting with both adrenal tuberculosis simulating a bilateral MNH. PMID:16618981

  17. Laser Treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Dosimetric and Thermodynamic Considerations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anvari, Bahman

    1993-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is the most commonly occurring neoplastic disease in the aging human male. Currently, surgical treatment of BPH is the primary therapeutic method. However, due to surgical complications, less invasive methods of treatment are desirable. In recent years, thermal coagulation of the hyperplastic prostate by a laser has received a considerable amount of attention. Nevertheless, the optimum laser irradiation parameters that lead to a successful and safe treatment of BPH have not been determined. This dissertation studies the physics of laser coagulation of prostate from both basic science and practical perspectives. Optical properties of prostatic tissue are determined over a spectrum of wavelengths. Knowledge of these properties allows for selection of appropriate laser wavelengths and provides a basis for performing dose equivalency studies among various types of lasers. Furthermore, knowledge of optical properties are needed for development of computer simulation models that predict the extent of thermal injury during laser irradiation of prostate. A computer model of transurethral heating of prostate that can be used to guide the clinical studies in determining an optimum dosimetry is then presented. Studies of the effects of non-laser heating devices, optical properties, blood perfusion, surface irrigation, and beam geometry are performed to examine the extent of heat propagation within the prostate. An in vitro model for transurethral laser irradiation of prostate is also presented to examine the effects of an 810 nm diode laser, thermal boundary conditions, and energy deposition rate during Nd:YAG laser irradiation. Results of these studies suggest that in the presence of laminar irrigation, the convective boundary condition is dominated by thermal diffusion as opposed to the bulk motion of the irrigation fluid. Distinct phases of thermal events are also identified during the laser irradiation. The in vivo studies of transurethral laser irradiation of prostate in canine models are also performed to search for an optimum dosimetry that will result in a maximum zone of coagulation necrosis.

  18. Testicular Adrenal Rest Tumors in Patients with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    ?entürk Mutlu, Fatma; Eren, Erdal; Pa?a, Aliye Özlem; Sa?lam, Halil; Tar?m, Ömer

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Early diagnosis and treatment of testicular adrenal rest tumors (TART) is important for gonadal functions and fertility protection in boys with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). In this descriptive study, we investigated the prevalence of TART in boys with 21-hydroxylase deficient (21OHD) CAH followed in our pediatric endocrine clinic. Methods: The study group consisted of 14 male patients with a mean age of 9.6±5.1 (range: 0.8-18.3) years. Six (42.9%) of the 14 patients were diagnosed as having salt-wasting type (SW) and eight (57.1%) patients - as having the simple virilizing (SV) form of 21OHD. Mean age at diagnosis was 2.9±2.7 (range: 0.03-6.3) years. Two different radiologists performed scrotal ultrasonography. Chronological age, bone age, and anthropometric measurements were evaluated. Serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) and androstenedione levels were also evaluated in all patients during the follow-up period. Results: Scrotal ultrasonography revealed bilateral TART in two patients (14.3%) and testicular microlithiasis (TM) in four patients (28.6%). One patient had both TART and TM bilaterally. During the follow-up period, the mean serum adrenocorticotropic hormone, 17OHP and androstenedione levels in the total group of patients were 130.0±179.1 pg/mL (21.7-726.5), 5.8±3.3 ng/mL (0.8-11.4) and 4.3±4.1 (0.2-11.0) ng/mL, respectively. Conclusions: Microlithiasis or TART may be frequently encountered during the follow-up of patients with CAH. In order to prevent late complications including infertility, we suggest that ultrasonographic evaluations be performed yearly in all male CAH patients. Conflict of interest:None declared. PMID:22672867

  19. Long segmental hyperplasia of interstitial cells of Cajal with giant diverticulum formation

    PubMed Central

    Xue, Liyan; Qiu, Tian; Song, Ying; Shan, Ling; Liu, Xiuyun; Guo, Lei; Ying, Jianming; Zou, Shuangmei; Shi, Susheng; Polydorides, Alexandros D; Zhao, Xinming; Lu, Ning; Lin, Dongmei

    2013-01-01

    Sporadic gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) usually form a well-circumscribed mass. In contrast, diffuse interstitial cell of Cajal (ICC) hyperplasia along the Auerbach plexus without a discrete mass may occur in patients with germline mutations in the NF1, c-KIT or PDGFRA genes. However, sporadic, diffuse ICC hyperplasia without c-KIT or PDGFRA mutations has not been reported. We describe herein one such case, forming a giant diverticulum. A 63-year-old woman with no features of Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) presented with increasing abdominal pain for more than 30 years. A large, diverticulum-like mass in the ileum was resected. Microscopically, a diffuse proliferation of bland spindle cells was seen extending for 12 cm, replacing the muscularis propria and lined by intact mucosa. The spindle cells were CD117+/CD34+/DOG1+/SMA+/Desmin-/S100-. Mutation analyses did not reveal any mutations in c-KIT or PDGFRA. The lesion had two silent mutations in the NF1 gene. It is rare of the diffuse form of sporadic ICC hyperplasia showing diffuse longitudinal microscopic growth completely replacing the muscularis propria, mimicking diffuse ICC hyperplasia in hereditary GIST syndromes, but without solid components and no c-KIT or PDGFRA gene mutations. This peculiar form of sporadic ICC hyperplasia may be related to intestinal dysmotility in this ileal segment and giant diverticulum formation. PMID:24294389

  20. Impact of river channel shifts on tetraether lipids in the Rhône prodelta (NW Mediterranean): Implication for the BIT index as an indicator of paleoflood events

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Jung-Hyun; Buscail, Roselyne; Fanget, Anne Sophie; Eyrolle-Boyer, Frédérique; Bassetti, Maria-Angela; Dorhout, Denise; Baas, Marianne; Berné, Serge; Sinninghe Damsté, Jaap S.

    2014-05-01

    In this study, we tested the applicability of the BIT (Branched and Isoprenoid Tetraether) index as a proxy of paleoflood events in the river-dominated continental margin of the Gulf of Lions (NW Mediterranean). We compared the concentrations and distributions of branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs) and crenarchaol of suspended particulate matter (SPM) collected in the downstream of the Rhône River as well as a core-top and a ~8-m long piston core RHS-KS57 taken in the Rhône prodelta. The piston core covers the last 400 years with four distinct intervals recording the river influence under natural and man-induced shifts of Rhône distributaries: Bras de Fer, Grand Rhône, Pegoulier, and Roustan. Our results indicate that there are mixed sources of brGDGTs and crenarchaeol in the Rhône prodelta, which complicates the use of the BIT index as an indicator of continental OC inputs and thus as a paleoflood proxy. However, the sedimentary BIT record obtained from the period, when the continental material was delivered by the Rhône River more directly to the core site (Roustan phase; 1892 to Present-day), strongly mimics the historical paleoflood record. This shows the potential of the BIT index as a paleoflood proxy, as long as the delivery route of the continental material by the rivers to the core sites remained constant over the time. Our study also highlights that shifts in the course of the distributaries and river channels should be taken into account for the use of the BIT index as a paleoflood proxy.

  1. Linking Pre-Diabetes with Benign Prostate Hyperplasia. IGFBP-3: A Conductor of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia Development Orchestra?

    PubMed Central

    Protopsaltis, Ioannis; Ploumidis, Achilles; Sergentanis, Theodoros N.; Constantoulakis, Padelis; Tzirogiannis, Kostantinos; Kyprianidou, Chrysoula; Papazafiropoulou, Athanasia K.; Melidonis, Andreas; Delakas, Dimitrios

    2013-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) represents a pattern of non-malignant growth of prostatic fibromuscular stroma. Metabolic disturbances such us pre-diabetes and metabolic syndrome may have a role in BPH pathophysiology. A potential explanation for the above relationship involves the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis as well as IGF binding proteins, (IGFBPs) of which the most abundant form is IGFBP-3. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the association between intra-prostatic levels of IGF-1, IGF-2 as well as to evaluate the role of locally expressed IGFBP-3 in BPH development in pre-diabetes. A total of 49 patients admitted to the Urology department of a tertiary urban Greek hospital, for transurethral prostate resection, or prostatectomy and with pre-diabetes [impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or both] were finally included. The majority of the sample consisted of subjects with IGT (51.0%), followed by IFG and IGT (32.7%) and isolated IFG (16.3%). For all participants a clinical examination was performed and blood samples were collected. In addition, total prostate (TP) volume or transitional zone (TZ) volume were estimated by transrectal ultrasonography. The results of the multivariate analysis regarding TP volume showed that higher PSA (p<0.001), larger waist circumference (p=0.007) and higher IGFBP-3 expression levels (p<0.001) independently predicted higher TP volume. The results regarding the volume of the TZ showed that higher PSA (p<0.001), larger waist circumference (p<0.001) and higher IGFBP-3 expression levels (p=0.024) were independently associated with higher TZ volume. Our findings show that intra-prostatic levels of IGFBP-3, PSA and waist circumference, but not overall obesity, are positively associated with prostate volume. IGFBP-3 seems to be a multifunctional protein, which can potentiate or inhibit IGF activity. PMID:24367483

  2. A nonsurgical approach to treating aggressive inflammatory papillary hyperplasia: a clinical report.

    PubMed

    Orenstein, Noah P; Taylor, Thomas

    2014-04-01

    Preprosthetic interventions in patients with aggressive forms of inflammatory papillary hyperplasia have historically involved surgery. These procedures often involve significant postoperative discomfort and morbidity. Additionally, some patients who present with dental phobias, aversions to surgery, or underlying systemic disease may not be amenable to this type of surgical intervention. In this report, a patient with severe inflammatory papillary hyperplasia and phobias regarding the dentist and dental surgery was treated nonsurgically, following strict adherence to a clinical protocol. The methodology involved greater patient comfort during treatment, encouraged positive reinforcement to visiting the dentist for recall appointments, and effectively eliminated the underlying inflammatory papillary hyperplasia, allowing for the successful fabrication of the definitive removable prostheses. PMID:24360006

  3. Frequent c-Ki-ras Oncogene Activation in Mucous Cell Hyperplasias of Pancreas Suffering from Chronic Inflammation1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akio Yanagisawa; Keiko Ohtake; Kazuhiko Ohashi; Masaharu Hori; Tomoyuki Kitagawa; Haruo Sugano; Yo Kato

    In order to scrutinize the possible significance of (nonatypical) mucous cell hyperplasia of the pancreas to neoplasia, we analyzed these lesions in terms of c-Ki-ras activation, which is known to be very frequent in pan creatic carcinomas. A total of 16 such mucous cell hyperplasias were collected from 10 pancreases resected for chronic pancreatitis. Tiny tissue fragments were taken from

  4. [Computed tomography of the mediastinum in myasthenia gravis. Normal findings, thymic hyperplasia, thymomas (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Gürtler, K F; Janzen, R W; Hagemann, J; Otto, H F

    1982-01-01

    Computed tomography of the mediastinum was performed in 45 patients with myasthenia gravis. Surgery was carried out in fourteen. Amongst these, there were four thymomas, one thymolipoma, eight thymic hyperplasias and one normal thymus gland. A further patient, who did not have surgery, probably also had a thymic tumour. The normal thymus and thymic hyperplasia cannot be distinguished on computed tomography. Differentiation of small thymomas from normal thymus is not always possible. Invasion by thymomas can only be appreciated with large tumours. PMID:6212407

  5. Symptomatic and asymptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia: Molecular differentiation by using microarrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prakash, Kulkarni; Pirozzi, Gregorio; Elashoff, Michael; Munger, William; Waga, Iwao; Dhir, Rajiv; Kakehi, Yoshiyuki; Getzenberg, Robert H.

    2002-05-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a disease of unknown etiology that significantly affects the quality of life in aging men. Histologic BPH may present itself either as symptomatic or asymptomatic in nature. To elucidate the molecular differences underlying BPH, gene expression profiles from the prostate transition zone tissue have been analyzed by using microarrays. A set of 511 differentially expressed genes distinguished symptomatic and asymptomatic BPH. This genetic signature separates BPH from normal tissue but does not seem to change with age. These data could provide novel approaches for alleviating symptoms and hyperplasia in BPH.

  6. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver, CREST syndrome and primary biliary cirrhosis: an overlap syndrome?

    PubMed Central

    McMahon, R F; Babbs, C; Warnes, T W

    1989-01-01

    Nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver (NRHL) has been found in association with collagen vascular diseases, after drug therapy, with autoimmune disease, and with a variety of haematological disorders. The association of NRHL with the syndrome of Calcinosis cutis, Raynaud's phenomenon, oesophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly and telangiectasia (CREST syndrome) has only been reported on two previous occasions. The liver disease usually associated with CREST syndrome is primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and recently nodular hyperplasia of the liver has been reported in patients with early stage PBC. We present a case of NRHL with CREST syndrome and serological and biochemical features of PBC, a newly recognised overlap syndrome. Images Figure PMID:2583572

  7. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver, CREST syndrome and primary biliary cirrhosis: an overlap syndrome?

    PubMed

    McMahon, R F; Babbs, C; Warnes, T W

    1989-10-01

    Nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver (NRHL) has been found in association with collagen vascular diseases, after drug therapy, with autoimmune disease, and with a variety of haematological disorders. The association of NRHL with the syndrome of Calcinosis cutis, Raynaud's phenomenon, oesophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly and telangiectasia (CREST syndrome) has only been reported on two previous occasions. The liver disease usually associated with CREST syndrome is primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and recently nodular hyperplasia of the liver has been reported in patients with early stage PBC. We present a case of NRHL with CREST syndrome and serological and biochemical features of PBC, a newly recognised overlap syndrome. PMID:2583572

  8. Condylar hyperplasia of the temporomandibular joint: types, treatment, and surgical implications.

    PubMed

    Rodrigues, Daniel B; Castro, Vanessa

    2015-02-01

    Condylar hyperplasia (CH) is a progressive and pathologic overgrowth of either or both mandibular condyles, which can affect the neck, ramus, or body of the mandible. It may lead to facial asymmetry, malocclusion, speech, and masticatory problems. Identifying the specific type of condylar hyperplasia is crucial. Serial radiographs, dental models, clinical evaluations, and bone scan techniques are usually the best diagnostic methods to determine the type of CH and if the growth process is still active. The protocol of surgical procedures recommended in this article for CH has been proven to treat the condylar pathology and correct the jaw deformity. PMID:25483450

  9. Impact of Patent Ductus Arteriosus and Subsequent Therapy with Ibuprofen on the Release of S-100B and Oxidative Stress Index in Preterm Infants

    PubMed Central

    Demir, Nihat; Ece, ?brahim; Peker, Erdal; Kaba, Sultan; Ustyol, Lokman; Balahoro?lu, Ragip; Tuncer, O?uz

    2014-01-01

    Background Hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) leads to injury in tissues/organs by reducing perfusion of organs and causing oxidative stress. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the oxidant/antioxidant status in preterm infants with hsPDA by measuring the total antioxidant capacity and total oxidant status and to assess neuronal damage due to oxidant stress related to hsPDA. Material/Methods This prospective study included 37 low-birth-weight infants with echocardiographically diagnosed hsPDA treated with oral ibuprofen and a control group of 40 infants without PDA. Blood samples were taken from all infants, and than the total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), and S-100B protein levels were assessed and oxidative stress index was calculated before and after therapy. Results The mean pre-therapy TOS level and oxidative stress index (OSI) value of the patients with hsPDA were significantly higher, but TAC level was lower than in the control group. There were no statistically significant differences in the mean post-therapy values of TOS, TAC, OSI, and S-100B protein between the two groups. Conclusions hsPDA may cause cellular injury by increasing oxidative stress and damaging tissue perfusion; however the brain can compensate for oxidative stress and impaired tissue perfusion through well-developed autoregulation systems to decrease tissue injury. PMID:25542161

  10. Combination of tadalafil and finasteride for improving the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia: critical appraisal and patient focus

    PubMed Central

    Elkelany, Osama O; Owen, Ryan C; Kim, Edward D

    2015-01-01

    The evidence suggests that combination therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) using an ?-blocker and a 5?-reductase inhibitor has become well accepted. The combination of daily tadalafil and an ?-blocker has also demonstrated benefit. This paper addresses combination therapy with daily tadalafil and finasteride for the treatment of BPH-LUTS. Our results demonstrate that use of tadalafil and finasteride represents a logical extension of combination therapies. We analyze a landmark study by Casabé et al that demonstrates improved voiding symptoms as assessed by International Prostate Symptom Scores with a combination of tadalafil and finasteride compared with finasteride and placebo. Study patients had moderate to severe LUTS and prostate volumes >30 g. The additional benefit of improved erectile function as assessed by International Index of Erectile Function-erectile function domain scores with the addition of tadalafil was a secondary benefit. We propose that the ideal patient for combination therapy with tadalafil and finasteride has a prostate volume >30 g and desires additional benefit over monotherapy. For these men, improved erectile function without sexual side effects was a secondary benefit.

  11. Combination of tadalafil and finasteride for improving the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia: critical appraisal and patient focus.

    PubMed

    Elkelany, Osama O; Owen, Ryan C; Kim, Edward D

    2015-01-01

    The evidence suggests that combination therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) using an ?-blocker and a 5?-reductase inhibitor has become well accepted. The combination of daily tadalafil and an ?-blocker has also demonstrated benefit. This paper addresses combination therapy with daily tadalafil and finasteride for the treatment of BPH-LUTS. Our results demonstrate that use of tadalafil and finasteride represents a logical extension of combination therapies. We analyze a landmark study by Casabé et al that demonstrates improved voiding symptoms as assessed by International Prostate Symptom Scores with a combination of tadalafil and finasteride compared with finasteride and placebo. Study patients had moderate to severe LUTS and prostate volumes >30 g. The additional benefit of improved erectile function as assessed by International Index of Erectile Function-erectile function domain scores with the addition of tadalafil was a secondary benefit. We propose that the ideal patient for combination therapy with tadalafil and finasteride has a prostate volume >30 g and desires additional benefit over monotherapy. For these men, improved erectile function without sexual side effects was a secondary benefit. PMID:25848297

  12. Attenuation fluctuations and local dermal reflectivity are indicators of immune cell infiltrate and epidermal hyperplasia in skin inflammation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Phillips, Kevin G.; Wang, Yun; Choudhury, Niloy; Levitz, David; Swanzey, Emily; Lagowski, James; Kulesz-Martin, Molly; Jacques, Steven

    2012-02-01

    Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease resulting from genetic and environmental alterations of cutaneous immune responses responsible for skin homeostasis. While numerous therapeutic targets involved in the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis have been identified, the in vivo dynamics of psoriasis remains under investigated. To elucidate the spatial-temporal morphological evolution of psoriasis we undertook in vivo time course focus-tracked optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging to non-invasively document dermal alterations due to immune cell infiltration and epidermal hyperplasia in an Imiquimod (IMQ) induced model of psoriasis-like inflammation in DBA2/C57Bl6 hybrid mice. Quantitative appraisal of dermal architectural changes was achieved through a three parameter fit of OCT axial scans in the dermis of the form A(z) = ? exp(-mu;z +?(z)). Ensemble averaging of the fit parameters over 2000 axial scans per mouse in each treatment arm revealed that the local dermal reflectivity ?, decreased significantly in response to 6 day IMQ treatment (p = 0.0001), as did the standard deviation of the attenuation fluctuation std(?(z)), (p = 0.04), in comparison to cream controls and day 1 treatments. No significant changes were observed in the average dermal attenuation rate, ?. Our results suggest these label-free OCT-based metrics can be deployed to investigate new therapeutic targets in animal models as well as aid in clinical staging of psoriasis in conjunction with the psoriasis area and severity index.

  13. Characterization of Fibrillar Collagens and Extracellular Matrix of Glandular Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Nodules

    PubMed Central

    Bauman, Tyler M.; Nicholson, Tristan M.; Abler, Lisa L.; Eliceiri, Kevin W.; Huang, Wei; Vezina, Chad M.; Ricke, William A.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Recent studies have associated lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men with prostatic fibrosis, but a definitive link between collagen deposition and LUTS has yet to be demonstrated. The objective of this study was to evaluate ECM and collagen content within normal glandular prostate tissue and glandular BPH, and to evaluate the association of clinical parameters of LUTS with collagen content. Methods Fibrillar collagen and ECM content was assessed in normal prostate (48 patients) and glandular BPH nodules (24 patients) using Masson's trichrome stain and Picrosirius red stain. Second harmonic generation (SHG) imaging was used to evaluate collagen content. Additional BPH tissues (n?=?47) were stained with Picrosirius red and the association between clinical parameters of BPH/LUTS and collagen content was assessed. Results ECM was similar in normal prostate and BPH (p?=?0.44). Total collagen content between normal prostate and glandular BPH was similar (p?=?0.27), but a significant increase in thicker collagen bundles was observed in BPH (p?=?0.045). Using SHG imaging, collagen content in BPH (mean intensity?=?62.52; SEM?=?2.74) was significantly higher than in normal prostate (51.77±3.49; p?=?0.02). Total collagen content was not associated with treatment with finasteride (p?=?0.47) or ?-blockers (p?=?0.52), pre-TURP AUA symptom index (p?=?0.90), prostate-specific antigen (p?=?0.86), post-void residual (PVR; p?=?0.32), prostate size (p?=?0.21), or post-TURP PVR (p?=?0.51). Collagen content was not associated with patient age in patients with BPH, however as men aged normal prostatic tissue had a decreased proportion of thick collagen bundles. Conclusions The proportion of larger bundles of collagen, but not total collagen, is increased in BPH nodules, suggesting that these large fibers may play a role in BPH/LUTS. Total collagen content is independent of clinical parameters of BPH and LUTS. If fibrosis and overall ECM deposition are associated with BPH/LUTS, this relationship likely exists in regions of the prostate other than glandular hyperplasia. PMID:25275645

  14. Elevated red blood cell distribution width in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients with metabolic syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Dong, Xingmo; Liao, Ying; Chen, Kaihong; Fang, Yong; Li, Weiguo; Chen, Jiande; You, Lixia; Li, Shuiping

    2015-01-01

    Red blood distribution width (RDW) is a novel prognostic marker that reflects oxidative stress and inflammation in patients. Chronic inflammation has been proposed as a candidate mechanism between benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, the relationship between RDW and MetS in BPH patients is unclear. Men aged 50 year-old or older with BPH were recruited into the study. The BPH patients were classified as MetS group and non-MetS group. 69 patients without BPH and MetS were as the control group. The clinical information and RDW were measured to identify their relationship. MetS was diagnosed in 34% of the patients. The RDW values were found to be higher in the BPH group than in the control group [(13.3 ± 0.8) vs. (12.6 ± 0.8), P < 0.001]. The total prostate volume (TPV) and post void residual (PVR) urine volume were significantly higher in subject with MetS than in non-MetS and related with the number of metabolic abnormalities. High serum triglyceride and low serum high- density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were significantly associated with TPV even adjusting for age (adjusted r = 0.373, P < 0.001, and adjusted r = -0.425, P < 0.001, respectively).There was a significant correlation between RDW and TPV (r = 0.370, P < 0.001), Body mass index (BMI) (r = 0.367, P < 0.001) and MetS (r = 0.276, P < 0.001). The data indicated that RDW was independently correlated with the presence of MetS (odd ratio 1.226, 95% confidence intervals 0.89-1.87, P < 0.001). MetS is associated with BPH development in men. The RDW level is significantly higher in patients with BPH than that in control. RDW is an independent predictor of MetS in BPH patients. PMID:25785115

  15. [The impact of load density differences on land subsidence based on build-up index and PS-InSAR technology].

    PubMed

    Chen, Bei-Bei; Gong, Hui-Li; Li, Xiao-Juan; Lei, Kun-Chao; Lin, Zhu; Wang, Yan-Bing

    2013-08-01

    The excessive mining for underground water is the main reason inducing the land subsidence in Beijing, while, increasing of load brought by the urban construction aggravate the local land subsidence in a certain degree. As an international metropolis, the problems of land subsidence that caused by urban construction are becoming increasingly highlights, so revealing the relationship between regional load increase and the response of land subsidence also becomes one of the key problems in the land subsidence research field. In order to analyze the relationship between the load changes in construction and the land subsidence quantitatively, the present study selected the TM remote sensing image covering Beijing plain and used Erdas Modeler tool to invert the index based on building site (IBI), acquired the spatial and temporal change information in research area further; Based on results monitored by PS-InSAR (permanent scatterer interferometry) and IBI index method, and combined with the GIS spatial analysis method in the view of pixels in different scales, this paper analyzes the correlation between typical area load change and land subsidence, The conclusions show that there is a positive correlation between the density of load and the homogeneity of subsidence, especially in area which has a high sedimentation rate. Owing to such characteristics as the complexity and hysteretic nature of soil and geological structure, it is not obvious that the land subsidence caused by the increase of load in a short period. But with the increasing of local land load made by high density buildings and additional settlement of each monomer building superposed with each other, regional land subsidence is still a question that cannot be ignored and needs long-term systematic research and discussion. PMID:24159875

  16. Socioeconomic Status and Overweight Prevalence in Polish Adolescents: The Impact of Single Factors and a Complex Index of Socioeconomic Status in Respect to Age and Sex

    PubMed Central

    KOWALKOWSKA, Joanna; WADOLOWSKA, Lidia; WERONIKA WUENSTEL, Justyna; S?OWI?SKA, Ma?gorzata Anna; NIED?WIEDZKA, Ewa

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Background The aim of this study was to analyze the association between overweight prevalence and socioeconomic status (SES) measured by complex SES index and single SES factors in Polish adolescents in respect to age and sex. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010-2011. A total of 1,176 adolescents aged 13.0-18.9 years were included. The respondents were students of junior-high and high schools from northern, eastern and central Poland. Quota sampling by sex and age was used. The SES was determined by: place of residence, self-declared economic situation, and parental education level. Respondents with low, average or high SES index (SESI) were identified. The level of overweight was assessed using Polish and international standards. Results The odds ratio (OR) for overweight prevalence in the oldest girls (aged 17.0-18.9 years) with high SESI was 0.34 (95%CI:0.13-0.92; P < 0.05) by Polish standards and 0.22 (95%CI:0.05-0.95; P < 0.05) by international standards, in comparison to the reference group (low SESI). In total girls who had mothers with higher education level, the OR adjusted for age was 0.44 (95%CI:0.21-0.90; P <0.05) by Polish standards and 0.35 (95%CI:0.15-0.81; P < 0.05) by international standards, in comparison to the reference group (maternal elementary education). The other single SES factors were not significant for overweight prevalence Conclusions The relationship between socioeconomic status and prevalence of overweight was related to sex and age. The high socioeconomic status strongly lowered the risk of overweight prevalence in the oldest girls, but not in boys, irrespective of age. Maternal education level lowered risk of overweight prevalence in girls.

  17. Treatment of nonatypical and atypical endometrial hyperplasia with a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. Wildemeersch; M. Dhont

    2003-01-01

    Objective: A “frameless” intrauterine drug delivery system that releases 14 ?g\\/d of levonorgestrel was used to treat nonatypical and atypical endometrial hyperplasia in 12 women. Study Design: This noncomparative study had up to 3 to 4 years of follow-up. Results: The cure rate was 100%, as confirmed by repeat endometrial biopsy. Conclusion: This method could be considered an alternative to

  18. Testicular Adrenal Rest Tumor in 11-Beta-Hydroxylase Deficiency Driven Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Sönmez, Mehmet Giray; Ünlü, Ya?ar; Karata?, Tuna; Tekinarslan, Erdem; Sümer, Alpay

    2014-01-01

    Testicular adrenal rest tumors (TART) occur often as asymptomatic nodules in corticotropin-dependent lesions aberrant adrenal tissue in congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) patients. The present manuscript is about an unusual case of a 16-year-old CAH patient due to 11?-hydroxylase deficiency. He underwent testicle biopsy because of testicle tumor suspicion and diagnosed with TART. PMID:24741421

  19. Cognitive Outcome in Adult Women Affected by Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21Hydroxylase Deficiency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew A. Malouf; Claude J. Migeon; Kathryn A. Carson; Loredana Petrucci; Amy B. Wisniewski

    2006-01-01

    Background: Some research suggests that girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), who are exposed to higher than normal levels of prenatal androgens, perform better on spatial tasks, worse on verbal tasks and have a greater incidence of left-handedness than unaffected controls, all of which suggests the development of a more male-typical cognitive pattern. However, research in all three areas has

  20. Neointimal Hyperplasia after Stenting in a Human Mammary Artery Organ Culture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Guérin; F. Rondeau; G. Grimandi; M. F. Heymann; D. Heymann; P. Pillet; O. Al Habash; G. Loirand; P. Pacaud; D. Crochet

    2004-01-01

    Although the use of stents has limited the incidence of restenosis, in-stent restenosis remains an important problem. In-stent restenosis is the result of a healing process that induced neointimal hyperplasia through mechanisms that are still not understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the histological consequences of the healing process following stent implantation. Internal mammary arteries from atheroslerotic

  1. Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia of Root of Nose: A Rare Phenomenon

    PubMed Central

    Panduranga Kamath, M; Bhojwani, Kiran M; Bhandarkar, Ajay M; Pai, Radha R; Rent, Natashya H

    2014-01-01

    Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE), also known as epithelioid haemangioma, is an atypical vascular tumour which occurs with a predilection for the head and neck region. It is characterized by the presence of solitary or multiple lesions with varying clinical appearances, from intradermal papules to subcutaneous nodules. PMID:24783112

  2. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of root of nose: a rare phenomenon.

    PubMed

    Panduranga Kamath, M; Bhojwani, Kiran M; Bhandarkar, Ajay M; Pai, Radha R; Rent, Natashya H

    2014-03-01

    Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE), also known as epithelioid haemangioma, is an atypical vascular tumour which occurs with a predilection for the head and neck region. It is characterized by the presence of solitary or multiple lesions with varying clinical appearances, from intradermal papules to subcutaneous nodules. PMID:24783112

  3. Successful treatment of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia and Kimura's disease in the same patient with surgery.

    PubMed

    Jun, Ren; Liu, Xiao-Kun; Zeng, Kang

    2014-01-01

    Until now, there have only been two cases describing the coexistence of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) and Kimura's disease in one patient. Herein, we report the previous case of recurrent ALHE and Kimura's disease that was successfully treated with surgery. PMID:24502310

  4. The ultrasound halo sign in angiolymphoid hyperplasia of the temporal artery.

    PubMed

    Arnander, M W T; Anderson, N G; Schönauer, F

    2006-11-01

    An ultrasound halo sign surrounding the temporal artery is a well recognized feature associated with giant cell arteritis. We report a previously unreported case of this halo sign being present around the temporal artery due to angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) in a young female patient. PMID:17065284

  5. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the tongue: report of a case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Park, Yangsoon; Chung, Jaegul; Cho, Chang-Gun

    2002-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon disorder manifested as solitary or multiple nodules in dermis and subcutaneous tissue of head and neck region. ALHE affecting tongue is very rare. We report a 56-year-old man with ALHE of the tongue and review the previously reported cases of ALHE of the tongue. PMID:11755828

  6. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (epithelioid hemangioma) of the face: An unusual presentation

    PubMed Central

    Al-Muharraqi, Mohammed A.; Faqi, Mohammed Khalid; Uddin, Fares; Ladak, Karim; Darwish, Abdulla

    2011-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare entity that usually occurs as 0.5–3 cm pink to brown nodules in the skin surface and subcutaneous tissues of the head & neck. Here we report an unusual occurrence in size and appearance of ALHE in the tissues of the cheek of an adult Asian male. PMID:22096746

  7. An unusual case of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the nose.

    PubMed

    Chiu, Sheng-Chang

    2013-09-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare benign vascular lesion that most commonly involves the ear and preauricular area. We report the case of a 38-year-old man who presented with a progressively enlarging mass of the left nasal vestibule. The lesion was diagnosed as a nasal ALHE and treated with surgical excision. There were no complications. PMID:24057907

  8. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (epithelioid hemangioma) of the face: An unusual presentation.

    PubMed

    Al-Muharraqi, Mohammed A; Faqi, Mohammed Khalid; Uddin, Fares; Ladak, Karim; Darwish, Abdulla

    2011-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare entity that usually occurs as 0.5-3 cm pink to brown nodules in the skin surface and subcutaneous tissues of the head & neck. Here we report an unusual occurrence in size and appearance of ALHE in the tissues of the cheek of an adult Asian male. PMID:22096746

  9. Incidence of atypical bronchioloalveolar cell hyperplasia of the lung: relation to histological subtypes of lung cancer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shiu-Yueh Weng; Eiju Tsuchiya; Tsutomu Kasuga; Haruo Sugano

    1992-01-01

    Summary The incidence of atypical bronchioloalveolar cell hyperplasia (ABH) of the lung was investigated to evaluate the possiblity of this lesion being a precancerous stage in the histogenesis of adenocarcinoma. Lobectomy and pneumonectomy specimens of 165 primary and 45 metastatic tumour cases were step-sectioned horizontally and examined histologically. An average of 51 blocks were taken in each case. Sixty-seven ABHs

  10. Genetics of adrenal tumors associated with Cushing's syndrome: a new classification for bilateral adrenocortical hyperplasias

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sosipatros A Boikos; Constantine A Stratakis

    2007-01-01

    Adrenocortical causes of Cushing's syndrome include the following: common cortisol-producing adenomas, which are usually isolated (without associated tumors) and sporadic (without a family history); rare, but often clinically devastating, adrenocortical carcinomas; and a spectrum of adrenocorticotropin-independent, and almost always bilateral, hyperplasias, which are not rare, and are the most recently recognized cause. The majority of benign lesions of the adrenal

  11. Mutation of the Ki-ra.vProtooncogene in Human Endometrial Hyperplasia and Carcinoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hiroshi Sasaki; Hiroshi Nishii; Hiroyuki Takahashi; Akio Tada; Masakuni Furusato; Yoshiteru Terashima; Sheryl L. Parker; Matthew F. Kohler; Andrew Berchuck; Jeff Boyd

    1993-01-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated that some human endometrial car cinomas contain an activating point mutation in codon 12 of the Ki-ras protooncogene. To examine the hypothesis that this mutation may occur at an earlier stage of neoplastic progression in the endometrium, we analyzed 89 samples of premalignant endometrial hyperplasia and an additional 84 samples of endometrial carcinoma for point mutations

  12. Muscle fiber hypertrophy, hyperplasia, and capillary density in college men after resistance training

    E-print Network

    Meyers, Ron

    Muscle fiber hypertrophy, hyperplasia, and capillary density in college men after resistance fiber hypertrophy, hyper- plasia, and capillary density in college men after resistance training. J 5 8). However, the magnitude of muscle fiber hypertrophy may influence this response because those

  13. Idiopathic Gingival Hyperplasia: A Case Report with a 17-Year Followup

    PubMed Central

    Lai, Bien; Muenzer, Joseph; Roberts, Michael W.

    2011-01-01

    This is a case report of a patient with idiopathic gingival hyperplasia and an undiagnosed genetic disorder that demonstrated static encephalopathy, mental retardation, developmental delay, seizures, hypotonia, and severe gingival hypertrophy. The clinical dental management and attempts to obtain a genetic diagnosis are described. PMID:22567452

  14. Transforming growth factor -receptor II protein expression in benign prostatic hyperplasia is associated

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) using immunohistochemistry analysis, and to compare the analysis with phenotypic surgery for BPH. · The were also assessed, including CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, and CD163. · surgical procedure: · TGFBRII protein expression was found in BPH epithelium cells for both basal and secretory cells, as well

  15. Drug Insight: 5?-reductase inhibitors for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Marberger

    2006-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem among older men, which is characterized by an enlarged prostate, lower urinary tract symptoms, and decreased flow of urine. It is a progressive disease that can lead to complications such as acute urinary retention (AUR) or a need for BPH-related surgery in some men. Dihydrotestosterone is the primary androgen involved in both

  16. Medical Therapy for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Review of the Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. M. Clifford; R. D. T. Farmer

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To review the existing evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of medical therapy for lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) indicative of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). To assess randomised controlled trials investigating the six ?–adrenergic receptor antagonists (?–blockers), prazosin, alfuzosin, indoramin, terazosin, doxazosin, and tamsulosin, that benefit patients by relaxing prostatic smooth muscle, and the anti–androgen, finasteride, that mediates its

  17. The role of phytotherapy in treating lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kurt Dreikorn

    2002-01-01

    Despite their traditional popularity in many European countries and their increasing use as dietary supplements in the United States, the role of phytotherapeutic agents in treating lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is continuously debated. If strict criteria of evidence-based medicine are applied, the available data have not yet provided clear evidence of efficacy for most

  18. Supplemental oxygen reduces intimal hyperplasia after intraarterial stenting in the rabbit

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander S. Tretinyak; Eugene S. Lee; Kristina M. Uema; Alexandre C. d'Audiffret; Michael P. Caldwell; Steven M. Santilli

    2002-01-01

    Hypothesis: Supplemental oxygen can reduce intimal hyperplasia (IH) after stent deployment in a rabbit model. Background: Endovascular stent placement is technically feasible, but long-term durability in vessels outside the aortoiliac system is compromised with postinterventional IH, which causes restenosis and failure of the arterial conduit. Methods: Groups (n = 4 to 6) of female New Zealand white rabbits underwent placement

  19. DNA base modifications and antioxidant enzyme activities in human benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ryszard Olinski; Tomasz H. Zastawny; Marek Foksinski; Anrzej Barecki; Miral Dizdaroglu

    1995-01-01

    The authors have studied DNA base damage and activities of antioxidant enzymes in human benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) tissues and surrounding disease-free tissues removed from prostate glands of 15 patients. In these tissues, endogenous levels of various typical hydroxyl radical-induced products of DNA bases and activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase were measured. The majority of patients had higher levels

  20. Epididymal leiomyoma associated with leydig cell hyperplasia: A case report and immunohistochemical study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erdal Y?lmaz; Önder Bozdo?an; P?nar Atasoy; Yusuf Altan

    2002-01-01

    Leiomyomas are rare soft tissue neoplasms thatcan affect virtually any part of themale genital tract. Although they have beendescribed in association with other lesions, tobest our knowledge coexistence with leydig cellhyperplasia has not been reported before.We present here the clinical, histopathologicand immunhistochemical characteristics of anepididymal leiomyoma associated with leydigcell hyperplasia and an epididymal cyst in asixty-eight year old man.

  1. Effect of Endoluminal PTFE Graft Placement on Cell Proliferation, PDGF Secretion, and Intimal Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark P. Ombrellaro; Scott L. Stevens; Jeni Sciarrotta; Michael B. Freeman; Mitchell H. Goldman

    1996-01-01

    To determine the effects of intraluminal placement on peri-anastomotic intimal hyperplasia and platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) secretion in polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts. Infrarenal aortic PTFE grafts were placed in 30 dogs as either interposition (n= 12) or intraluminal stented (n= 18) grafts. Grafts were explanted at 4 and 8 weeks. At each anastomosis, intima to media height ratios (IMHR) were

  2. Treatment preference patterns during a videotape decision aid for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Celia E. Wills; Margaret Holmes-Rovner; David Rovner; Janet Lillie; Karen Kelly-Blake; Vence Bonham; Gilbert Williams

    2006-01-01

    ObjectiveAs part of a study of men's responses to a videotape decision aid [Rovner DR, Wills CE, Bonham V, Williams G, Lillie J, Kelly-Blake K, Williams MV, Holmes-Rovner M. Decision aids for benign prostatic hyperplasia: applicability across race and education. Med Decis Making 2004;24:359–66], preferences for BPH treatment options were assessed.

  3. Decision Aids for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Applicability across Race and Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David R. Rovner; Celia E. Wills; Vence Bonham; Gilbert Williams; Janet Lillie; Karen Kelly-Blake; Mark V. Williams; Margaret Holmes-Rovner

    2004-01-01

    Background\\/Method. Decision aids have not been widely tested in diverse audiences. The authors conducted inter- views in a 2 2 race by education design with participants who were 50 years old (n = 188). The decision aid was a be- nign prostatic hyperplasia videotape. Results. There was an increase in knowledge equal in all groups, with baseline knowledge higher in

  4. Relation of epidermal growth factor receptor expression to goblet cell hyperplasia in nasal polyps

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre-Regis Burgel; Estelle Escudier; Andre Coste; Trang Dao-Pick; Iris F. Ueki; Kiyoshi Takeyama; Jae Jeong Shim; Andrew H. Murr; Jay A. Nadel

    2000-01-01

    Background: Because the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) system regulates mucin production in airway epithelium, we hypothesized a role for this system in mucus hypersecretion that occurs in nasal polyposis. Objective: We examined the relationship between goblet cell hyperplasia, EGFR expression, and inflammatory mediators produced by eosinophils and neutrophils in nasal polyp tissues. Methods: Nasal polyp tissue samples from 8

  5. Point mutations of ras genes in human adrenal cortical tumors: Absence in adrenocortical hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tohru Yashiro; Hisato Hara; Noreen C. Fulton; Takao Obara; Edwin L. Kaplan

    1994-01-01

    Point mutations of ras genes (K-, H-, and N-ras) at codons 12, 13, and 61 and of the Gi2a gene at codons 179 and 205, were studied in 56 primary adrenal cortical tumors and 6 adrenal cortical hyperplasias. Of 56 tumors, 24 were carcinomas and 32 were benign. The 24 carcinomas and 20 of the benign tumors were from American

  6. Gender Change from Female to Male in Classical Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heino F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg; Rhoda S. Gruen; Maria I. New; Jennifer J. Bell; Akira Morishima; Mona Shimshi; Yvette Bueno; Ileana Vargas; Susan W. Baker

    1996-01-01

    The psychoendocrinology of the development of normal gender identity and its variations is poorly understood. Studies of gender development in individuals born with endocrinologically well-characterized intersex conditions are heuristically valuable for the disaggregation of factors that are acting in concert during normal development. Four 46,XX individuals with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) and atypical gender identity entered a comprehensive research

  7. Gender Dysphoria and Gender Change in Chromosomal Females with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arianne B. Dessens; Froukje M. E. Slijper; Stenvert L. S. Drop

    2005-01-01

    This article reviews the literature on studies and case reports on gender identity and gender identity problems, gender dysphoria, and gender change in chromosomal females with congenital adrenal hyperplasia, raised male or female. The large majority (94.8%) of the patients raised female (N= 250) later developed a gender identity as girls and women and did not feel gender dysphoric. But

  8. Indexing Consistency and Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zunde, Pranas; Dexter, Margaret E.

    A measure of indexing consistency is developed based on the concept of 'fuzzy sets'. It assigns a higher consistency value if indexers agree on the more important terms than if they agree on less important terms. Measures of the quality of an indexer's work and exhaustivity of indexing are also proposed. Experimental data on indexing consistency…

  9. Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver and elevated alpha fetoprotein level in an infant with isolated hemihyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Demir, Hac Ahmet; Varan, Ali; Akçören, Zuhal; Haliloglu, Mithat; Büyükpamukcu, Münevver

    2008-10-01

    A case of focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver in a 43-day-old baby girl with isolated hemihyperplasia and elevated serum alpha-fetoprotein is presented. The child referred to our hospital with bilateral renal masses detected by prenatal and postnatal ultrasonography. A mass lesion was detected in segment 6 of liver and was diagnosed as focal nodular hyperplasia. We present this case to emphasize the presence of focal nodular hyperplasia in a patient with isolated hemihypertrophy and elevated serum alpha-fetoprotein level. PMID:19011479

  10. Dual-Phase 99mTc-MIBI Imaging Findings in Sporadic Primary Hyperplasia of Parathyroid Glands.

    PubMed

    Yang, Qi-Sheng; Wang, Chang-Yin; Wang, Bi-Cheng

    2015-05-01

    Primary hyperplasia of parathyroid is uncommon and rarely documented in literatures. We report an 18-year-old female patient with hyperparathyroidism due to unifocal primary hyperplasia of parathyroid glands. Dual-phase Tc-MIBI imaging was performed for this patient. We found remarkably increased MIBI uptake in the hyperplastic lesion in early imaging and no extinction of the uptake in delayed imaging. These results suggest that the dual-phase Tc-MIBI imaging is useful in localizing the hyperfunctioning lesions of primary hyperplasia of parathyroid glands. PMID:25706786

  11. The eae gene of Citrobacter freundii biotype 4280 is necessary for colonization in transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia.

    PubMed Central

    Schauer, D B; Falkow, S

    1993-01-01

    Transmissible murine colonic hyperplasia is characterized by proliferation of anchored stem cells in the mucosa of the descending colon of laboratory mice and is caused by Citrobacter freundii biotype 4280. This bacterium produces attaching and effacing lesions in the descending colon prior to the onset of gross hyperplasia. By mutational analysis, the chromosomal eae gene of C. freundii biotype 4280 was shown to be necessary for colonic colonization. Conversely, bacteria cured of a 65-kb plasmid, which was identified in C. freundii biotype 4280, were not attenuated for colonic colonization or for the induction of colonic hyperplasia. Images PMID:8406863

  12. Index des mots-cls Keywords index

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Index des mots-clés Keywords index A Abies, 823 Abies alba, 265 acacia, 93 Acacia cyanophylla Lindl., 335 Acacia mearnsii De Wild., 833 acclimation, 19 AFLP, 627 AFLP, SSR, EST markers, 637 Agrobacterium

  13. The Study About Physical Activity for Subjects With Prevention of Benign Prostate Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Ho Won; Nam, Ji Won; Kim, Mi Kyung; Choi, Bo Youl; Moon, Hong Sang

    2014-01-01

    Purpose The number of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) subjects has been increasing worldwide, and many studies have been conducted to determine the treatment that can delay drug therapy or surgery. Subsequently, most of these studies involved physical activity (PA) and associated factors. Therefore, we aimed to determine factors associated with BPH prevalence based on a review of past and present studies and to investigate the effect of a healthy lifestyle as a protective factor of BPH occurrence. Methods We selected 582 subjects aged ?40 years from an initial 779 subjects recruited from Gyeonggi, Yangpyeong, South Korea, during August 2009 to August 2011. Trained investigators surveyed International Prostate Symptom Score and demographic information, including PA and lifestyle questionnaire during face-to-face interviews; further, they performed digital rectal examination, rectal ultrasonography, and measured prostate-specific antigen levels. The statistical association between PA and BPH was analyzed by logistic regression analysis using multivariable regression models which use categorical variables by the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test and continuous variables by the general linear model. Results Seven statistically significant variables for PA were selected. Regular exercise, frequency of exercise, sedentary time, nonsedentary time, leisure time PA (metabolic equivalent, hr/wk) were not statistically associated with prostate volume but sedentary time (hr/day) was the only factor that showed a significant association in the multivariable model, including a linear effect relationship. Subjects with lower levels of sedentary time (4.5-7.0 hr/day) had a significantly lower risk of BPH (odds ratio [OR], 0.93; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.52-1.67) than those with a higher sedentary time (>7 hr/day) (OR, 1.72; 95% CI, 0.96-3.09) (P for trend=0.05). Conclusions Our study showed that reducing sedentary time could have a protective effect and reduce the prevalence of BPH. Further prospective studies with a larger sample size are needed to assess the impact of reducing sedentary time on BPH risk. PMID:25279244

  14. Impacts of including forest understory brightness and foliage clumping information from multiangular measurements on leaf area index mapping over North America

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pisek, Jan; Chen, Jing M.; Alikas, Krista; Deng, Feng

    2010-09-01

    A new leaf area index (LAI) data set in 10 day intervals with consideration of the understory reflectance and foliage clumping effects over North America for 1 year is developed. The data set brings effectively together measurements from multiple sensors with complementary capabilities (SPOT-VEGETATION, Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer, POLDER). First, the temporal consistency analysis indicated the new product is on par with other available LAI data sets currently used by the community. Second, with the removal of the background (understory in forests, moss, litter, and soil) effect on the forest overstory LAI retrieval, slightly different LAI reductions were found between needleleaf and broadleaf forests. This is caused by the more clumped nature of needleleaf forests, especially at higher LAI values, which allows more light to penetrate through the overstory canopy, making the understory more visible for equal LAI as compared to broadleaf forests. This is found over a representative set of 105 CEOS Benchmark Land Multisite Analysis and Intercomparison of Products sites in North America used for indirect validation. Third, the data set was directly validated and compared with Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Collection 5 LAI product using results from the BigFoot project for available forest test sites. This study demonstrates that the fusion of data inputs between multiple sensors can indeed lead to improved products and that multiangle remote sensing can help us to address effectively the issues (separating the signal from the understory and overstory, foliage clumping) that could not be solved via the means of the conventional mono-angle remote sensing.

  15. Index Funds Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Matthew Roberts recently released Index Funds Online in response to the lack of index investment fund information on the Internet. Site features include the market performance newsletter Indexing Quarterly, background and definitional information on major US Indexes such as the S&P 500, and a library of new and interesting financial Websites, articles, and book reviews. Links to current index performance figures are also provided as well as a simple site search system and index fund discussion board.

  16. Spatial function in adolescents and young adults with congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Clinical phenotype and implications for the androgen hypothesis.

    PubMed

    Hampson, Elizabeth; Rovet, Joanne F

    2015-04-01

    Females with the classic form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency are said to perform better than unaffected female controls on tests of mental rotation or other visuospatial abilities, but findings are conflicting. We studied 31 adolescents and young adults with CAH and 19 unaffected sibling controls, who were given standardized spatial tests and tests of other sexually differentiated cognitive functions (verbal fluency, perceptual speed). The possible role of CAH subtype (salt-wasting or simple-virilizing) was evaluated. Only females with the more severe, salt-wasting form of CAH, but not females with the simple-virilizing form, performed significantly better than sex-matched sibling controls on measures of mental rotation. Subtype differences were not significant for verbal fluency or perceptual speed. Severity of prenatal genital virilization, but not postnatal age when medication was started, predicted accuracy on the Mental Rotations Test. Results are consistent with the possibility of an organizational effect of androgens in the central nervous system that impacts the development of spatial abilities. Implications for the timing of the hypothetical critical period are discussed. PMID:25686803

  17. Modelling ultrasound-induced mild hyperthermia of hyperplasia in vascular grafts

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) vascular grafts frequently develop occlusive neointimal hyperplasia as a result of myofibroblast over-growth, leading to graft failure. ePTFE exhibits higher ultrasound attenuation than native soft tissues. We modelled the selective absorption of ultrasound by ePTFE, and explored the feasibility of preventing hyperplasia in ePTFE grafts by ultrasound heating. Specifically, we simulated the temperature profiles of implanted grafts and nearby soft tissues and blood under ultrasound exposure. The goal was to determine whether ultrasound exposure of an ePTFE graft can generate temperatures sufficient to prevent cell growth on the graft without damaging nearby soft tissues and blood. Methods Ultrasound beams from two transducers (1.5 and 3.2 MHz) were simulated in two graft/tissue models, with and without an intra-graft cellular layer mimicking hyperplasia, using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. The resulting power deposition patterns were used as a heat source for the Pennes bioheat equation in a COMSOL® Multiphysics heat transfer model. 50°C is known to cause cell death and therefore the transducer powers were adjusted to produce a 13°C temperature rise from 37°C in the ePTFE. Results Simulations showed that both the frequency of the transducers and the presence of hyperplasia significantly affect the power deposition patterns and subsequent temperature profiles on the grafts and nearby tissues. While neither transducer significantly raised the temperature of the blood, the 1.5-MHz transducer was less focused and heated larger volumes of the graft and nearby soft tissues than the 3.2-MHz transducer. The presence of hyperplasia had little effect on the blood's temperature, but further increased the temperature of the graft and nearby soft tissues in response to either transducer. Skin cooling and blood flow play a significant role in preventing overheating of the native tissues. Conclusions Modelling shows that ultrasound can selectively heat ePTFE grafts and produce temperatures that cause cell death on the graft. The temperature increase in blood is negligible and that in the adjacent soft tissues may be minimized by skin cooling and using appropriate transducers. Therefore, ultrasound heating may have the potential to reduce neointimal hyperplasia and failure of ePTFE vascular grafts. PMID:22054016

  18. Impact of nutritional supplementation on immune response, body mass index and bioelectrical impedance in HIV-positive patients starting antiretroviral therapy

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Challenges to HIV care in resource limited settings (RLS) include malnutrition. Limited evidence supports the benefit of nutritional supplementation when starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) in RLS. Methods Randomized controlled pilot study. HIV-positive ART-naive adults with self-reported weight loss were randomized to receive ART plus FutureLife porridge® nutritional supplement (NS) (388 kcal/day) or ART alone (Controls) for 6 months. Patients returned for monthly assessments and blood was drawn at enrolment and 6 months on ART. Differences in body composition, biochemical and laboratory parameters were estimated at 6 months on treatment. Results Of the 36 randomized patients, 26 completed the 6 month follow-up (11 NS vs 15 Controls). At enrolment, groups were similar in terms of age, gender, body mass index (BMI) and bioelectrical impedance. NS patients had a lower median CD4 count (60 cells/mm3 [IQR 12–105 vs 107 cells/mm3 [IQR 63–165]; p?=?0.149) and hemoglobin (10.3 g/dL [IQR 9.0-11.3] vs 13.1 g/dL [IQR 11.1-14.7]; p?=?0.001). At 6 months, NS patients increased their median CD4 count by 151 cells/mm3 [IQR 120–174) vs 77 cells/mm3 [IQR 33–145] in the Controls. NS patients had higher mean percentage change in body weight (12.7% vs 4.9%; p?=?0.047), BMI (7.8% vs 5.5%; p?=?0.007), absolute CD4 count (83.0% vs 46.4%, p?=?0.002) and hemoglobin (9.5% vs 1.0%; p?=?0.026). Patients in the NS arm had a higher mean percentage fat-free mass (16.7% vs ?3.5%, p?=?0.036), total body water (13.0% vs ?1.9%, p?=?0.026), intracellular water (16.1% vs ?4.1%, p?=?0.010) and basal metabolic rate (5.3% vs ?0.2%, p?=?0.014) compared to Controls. Patients in the NS arm also showed an improvement in physical activity at 6 months post-ART initiation compared to Controls (p?=?0.037). Conclusion Preliminary results are encouraging and suggest that NS taken concurrently with ART can promote weight gain, improve immune response and improve physical activity in HIV-positive patients that present at ART initiation with weight loss. PMID:23919622

  19. Impact of Body Mass Index on In-Hospital Complications in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a Japanese Real-World Multicenter Registry

    PubMed Central

    Numasawa, Yohei; Kohsaka, Shun; Miyata, Hiroaki; Kawamura, Akio; Noma, Shigetaka; Suzuki, Masahiro; Nakagawa, Susumu; Momiyama, Yukihiko; Naito, Kotaro; Fukuda, Keiichi

    2015-01-01

    Background Obesity is associated with advanced cardiovascular disease. However, some studies have reported the “obesity paradox” after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcomes after PCI has not been thoroughly investigated, especially in Asian populations. Methods We studied 10,142 patients who underwent PCI at 15 Japanese hospitals participating in the JCD-KICS registry from September 2008 to April 2013. Patients were divided into four groups according to BMI: underweight, BMI <18.5 (n=462); normal, BMI ?18.5 and <25.0 (n=5,945); overweight, BMI ?25.0 and <30.0 (n=3,100); and obese, BMI ?30.0 (n=635). Results Patients with a high BMI were significantly younger (p<0.001) and had a higher incidence of coronary risk factors such as hypertension (p<0.001), hyperlipidemia (p<0.001), diabetes mellitus (p<0.001), and current smoking (p<0.001), than those with a low BMI. Importantly, patients in the underweight group had the worst in-hospital outcomes, including overall complications (underweight, normal, overweight, and obese groups: 20.4%, 11.5%, 8.4%, and 10.2%, p<0.001), in-hospital mortality (5.8%, 2.1%, 1.2%, and 2.7%, p<0.001), cardiogenic shock (3.5%, 2.0%, 1.5%, and 1.6%, p=0.018), bleeding complications (10.0%, 4.5%, 2.6%, and 2.8%, p<0.001), and receiving blood transfusion (7.6%, 2.7%, 1.6%, and 1.7%, p<0.001). BMI was inversely associated with bleeding complications after adjustment by multivariate logistic regression analysis (odds ratio, 0.95; 95% confidence interval, 0.92–0.98; p=0.002). In subgroup multivariate analysis of patients without cardiogenic shock, BMI was inversely associated with overall complications (OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.95–0.99; p=0.033) and bleeding complications (OR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.91–0.98; p=0.006). Furthermore, there was a trend that BMI was moderately associated with in-hospital mortality (OR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.88–1.01; p=0.091). Conclusions Lean patients, rather than obese patients are at greater risk for in-hospital complications during and after PCI, particularly for bleeding complications. PMID:25874887

  20. September Consumer Price Index

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Missner, Emily D.

    On Tuesday October 19, 1999, the US Department of Labor released its September 1999 Consumer Price Index (CPI), which showed a rise of 0.4 percent, the third monthly rise in a row. Wall Street breathed a sigh of relief at the news of the report as recent anxiety over the rising CPI and the threat of interest rates had sent the Nasdaq plunging. Tuesday, after the release of the report, stocks jumped over 200 points. The higher prices of tobacco and apparel boosted the CPI, and industries such as transportation, food, and lodging also showed the effects of inflation. The following nine resources include news briefs, commentary, and documents examining the impact of the September CPI as well as some of the unease about the US economy and inflation.

  1. Megestrol Acetate or Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System in Treating Patients With Atypical Endometrial Hyperplasia or Endometrial Cancer

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2014-09-09

    Atypical Endometrial Hyperplasia; Endometrial Adenocarcinoma; Recurrent Endometrial Carcinoma; Stage IA Endometrial Carcinoma; Stage IB Endometrial Carcinoma; Stage II Endometrial Carcinoma; Stage IIIA Endometrial Carcinoma; Stage IIIB Endometrial Carcinoma; Stage IIIC Endometrial Carcinoma; Stage IVA Endometrial Carcinoma; Stage IVB Endometrial Carcinoma

  2. Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver: Correlation of Tc-99m DISIDA hot spot appearance with histopathologic findings

    SciTech Connect

    Desai, M.; Kroop, S.; Sullivan, J.; Santaseri, V.; Zanzi, I.; Margouleff, D. (North Shore Univ. Hospital, Manhasset, NY (USA))

    1989-11-01

    The scintigraphic appearance of hepatic focal nodular hyperplasia of hot spot seen on hepatobiliary scintigraphy is correlated with the histopathological appearance of bile ductular cell proliferation seen in this lesion.

  3. TREATMENT FOR BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA AMONG COMMUNITY DWELLING MEN: THE OLMSTED COUNTY STUDY OF URINARY SYMPTOMS AND HEALTH STATUS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    STEVEN J. JACOBSEN; DEBRA J. JACOBSON; CYNTHIA J. GIRMAN; ROSEBUD O. ROBERTS; THOMAS RHODES; HARRY A. GUESS; MICHAEL M. LIEBER

    1999-01-01

    PurposeWe describe treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) among men participating in the Olmsted County study of urinary symptoms and health status among men during 10,000 person-years of followup.

  4. Distinction between papillary thyroid hyperplasia and papillary thyroid carcinoma by immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratin 19, galectin-3, and HBME-1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary B. Casey; Christine M. Lohse; Ricardo V. Lloyd

    2003-01-01

    The histopathology of papillary thyroid hyperplasia and papillary thyroid carcinoma is similar enough to cause a diagnostic\\u000a dilemma in a few cases. Both lesions may have papillary fronds with fibrovascular cores, nuclear crowding, and nuclear anisocytosis.\\u000a Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues from 30 randomly selected patients with papillary thyroid hyperplasia and an equal\\u000a number from patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma were analyzed

  5. Progestin Treatment of Atypical Hyperplasia and Well-Differentiated Carcinoma of the Endometrium in Women Under Age 40

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas C Randall; Robert J Kurman

    1997-01-01

    Objective: To determine the efficacy of conservative management of atypical hyperplasia and well-differentiated carcinoma of the endometrium in women under age 40.Methods: Pathology records were searched to identify women under age 40 diagnosed with atypical hyperplasia or well-differentiated carcinoma of the endometrium between January 1990 and January 1996. All available biopsy, curettage, and hysterectomy specimens were reviewed. Follow-up was obtained

  6. Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Role of the Preoperative Oral Calcium Loading Test in the Differential Diagnosis Between Adenoma and Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Hagag; E. Kummer; M. Weiss

    2008-01-01

    Whereas the sensitivity of the membrane calcium receptors is decreased in parathyroid adenoma, extracellular calcium may reduce\\u000a parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion through the protein kinase C pathway in parathyroid hyperplasia. The aim of this study\\u000a was to determine the role of a preoperative oral calcium loading test in the differential diagnosis between adenoma and hyperplasia.\\u000a Twenty-two subjects with adenoma (group

  7. Relationships between Participants' International Prostate Symptom Score and BPH Impact Index Changes and Global Ratings of Change in a Trial of Phytotherapy for Men with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

    PubMed Central

    Barry, Michael J.; Cantor, Alan; Roehrborn, Claus G.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To relate changes in AUA Symptom Index (AUASI) scores with bother measures and global ratings of change among men with lower urinary tract symptoms enrolled in a trial of saw palmetto. Materials and Methods To be eligible, men were ?45 years old, had ajpeak uroflow ?4 ml/sec, and an AUASI score ? 8 and ? 24. Participants self-administered the AUASI, IPSS quality of life item (IPSS QoL), BPH Impact Index (BII) and two global change questions at baseline and 24, 48, and 72 weeks. Results Among 357 participants, global ratings of “a little better” were associated with mean decreases in AUASI scores from 2.8 to 4.1 points, across three time points. The analogous range for mean decreases in BII scores was 1.0 to 1.7 points, and for the IPSS QoL item 0.5 to 0.8 points. At 72 weeks, for the first global change question, each change measure could discriminate between participants rating themselves at least a little better versus unchanged or worse 70-72% of the time. A multivariable model increased discrimination to 77%. For the second global change question, each change measure correctly discriminated ratings of at least a little better versus unchanged or worse 69-74% of the time, and a multivariable model increased discrimination to 79%. Conclusions Changes in AUASI scores could discriminate between participants rating themselves at least a little better versus unchanged or worse. Our findings support the practice of powering studies to detect group mean differences in AUASI scores of at least 3 points. PMID:23017510

  8. Common variable immunodeficiency syndrome and nodular lymphoid hyperplasia in the small intestine.

    PubMed

    Bästlein, C; Burlefinger, R; Holzberg, E; Voeth, C; Garbrecht, M; Ottenjann, R

    1988-09-01

    We report on a case of nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH) of the small intestine in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) syndrome. The CVID syndrome comprises a group of heterogeneous immunological disorders. It is characterised by hypogammaglobulinemia, recurrent sinopulmonary infections, gastrointestinal disorders (including diarrhea, infestation with Giardia lamblia, chronic-atrophic gastritis and nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH), and an increased risk of malignancy. NLH is frequently associated with gastrointestinal lymphomas. It has also been found in the terminal ileum of children and in adult patients with Gardner's syndrome. NLH is found in about 20% of patients with the CVID syndrome. The diagnosis of NLH requires endoscopic and bioptic-histological examinations and the determination of the immunoglobulins. PMID:3168941

  9. Intrauterine growth retardation associated with precocious puberty and sertoli cell hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Lodish, M B; Gartner, L A; Albini, P; Sabnis, G; Brodie, A; Meck, J M; Meloni-Ehrig, A M; Hill, S; Tsilou, E; Valera, V A; Walter, B A; Merino, M J; Stratakis, C A

    2010-08-01

    The original description of patients with Russell-Silver syndrome included precocious puberty, the mechanism of which was unclear. We describe a child with a Russell-Silver syndrome-like phenotype who presented with precocious puberty that was associated with hyperplasia of the Sertoli cells. The patient was found to have an immature cryptorchid testicle; hyperplastic Sertoli cells were also aneuploid carrying trisomy 8. This chromosomal abnormality was present in Sertoli cells only and could not be detected in peripheral lymphocytes, tunica vaginalis, or other, normal, testicular tissue. Sertoli cells in culture showed excess aromatization providing an explanation for the rapid advancement of the patient's bone age. We conclude that in a patient with a Russell-Silver syndrome-like phenotype, Sertoli cell hyperplasia was associated with somatic trisomy 8, increased aromatization, and gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty. PMID:20411478

  10. A case of adenocarcinoma of the rete testis accompanied by focal adenomatous hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is very rare. There is still little knowledge about its etiology and pathogenesis. Herein, we present a case of rete testis adenocarcinoma in a 36-year-old Chinese male. The tumor was predominantly composed of irregular small tubules and papillary structures with cuboidal or polygonal cells. In peripheral area of the tumor, the remaining normal rete testis and adenomatous hyperplasia of the rete testis could also be seen, indicating the possible relationship between adenomatous hyperplasia and adenocarcinoma. In addition, the patient underwent a left hydrocelectomy because of the existence of hydrocele 3 years ago. But, it is unclear whether hydrocele and hydrocelectomy is its cause or just the early clinical presentation of the adenocarcinoma. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/6757609119625499 PMID:23800084

  11. Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of the stomach in a patient with multiple submucosal tumors

    PubMed Central

    Jeon, Ja Young; Lim, Sun Gyo; Kim, Jang Hee; Lee, Kee Myung; Cho, Sung Ran

    2013-01-01

    Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of the stomach is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder. Here, we report a 38-year-old man who presented with multiple submucosal tumors of the stomach. Histologically, the lesions were characterized by multiple discrete submucosal nodules of lymphoid cells. The infiltrates between the lymphoid follicles were composed mainly of medium-sized lymphoid cells with abundant clear cytoplasm, as well as a few large cells with vesicular nuclei. The gastric mucosa exhibited multifocal lymphoid aggregates and some of the epithelial cells were infiltrated by small lymphocytes mimicking lymphoepithelial lesions. Histopathology was consistent with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. However, the infiltrating lymphoid cells were positive for CD2, CD3, CD5, and CD7. In addition, polymerase chain reaction analysis of the immunoglobulin heavy chain and T-cell receptor gene rearrangements demonstrated polyclonality. This case was diagnosed as reactive lymphoid hyperplasia of the stomach. PMID:24466554

  12. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia, portal vein thrombosis, and avascular hip necrosis due to hyperhomocysteinaemia

    PubMed Central

    Buchel, O; Roskams, T; Van Damme, B; Nevens, F; Pirenne, J; Fevery, J

    2005-01-01

    A male patient with portal hypertension, portal vein thrombosis, spontaneous splenorenal shunt formation, and encephalopathy, thought to have post-hepatitis B cirrhosis, is described. His condition deteriorated and necessitated liver transplantation. In the explant liver, nodular regenerative hyperplasia with pronounced vascular lesions both in portal venules and in arterioles was found instead of classical cirrhosis. Two years post-transplant he developed bilateral ischaemic femur head necrosis. The three disorders (portal vein thrombosis, nodular regenerative hyperplasia, and ischaemic hip necrosis) seemed to be due to a common vasculopathy induced by hyperhomocyteinaemia. Genetic studies showed that he carried a mutation in the gene encoding for formation of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase. Treatment with folic acid combined with pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12) normalised his serum homocysteine levels. PMID:15951553

  13. Habitat Suitability Index Models: Pronghorn

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Allen, Arthur W.; Cook, John G.; Armbruster, Michael J.

    1984-01-01

    This is one of a series of publications that provide information on the habitat requirements of selected fish and wildlife species. Literature describing the relationship between habitat variables related to life requisites and habitat suitability for the pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) are synthesized. These data are subsequently used to develop Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) models. The HSI models are designed to provide information that can be used in impact assessment and habitat management.

  14. Impact of a nurse-directed, coordinated school health program to enhance physical activity behaviors and reduce body mass index among minority children: A parallel-group, randomized control trial

    PubMed Central

    Wright, Kynna; Giger, Joyce Newman; Norris, Keth; Suro, Zulma

    2013-01-01

    Background Underserved children, particularly girls and those in urban communities, do not meet the recommended physical activity guidelines (>60 min of daily physical activity), and this behavior can lead to obesity. The school years are known to be a critical period in the life course for shaping attitudes and behaviors. Children look to schools for much of their access to physical activity. Thus, through the provision of appropriate physical activity programs, schools have the power to influence apt physical activity choices, especially for underserved children where disparities in obesity-related outcomes exist. Objectives To evaluate the impact of a nurse directed, coordinated, culturally sensitive, school-based, family-centered lifestyle program on activity behaviors and body mass index. Design, settings and participants: This was a parallel group, randomized controlled trial utilizing a community-based participatory research approach, through a partnership with a University and 5 community schools. Participants included 251 children ages 8–12 from elementary schools in urban, low-income neighborhoods in Los Angeles, USA. Methods The intervention included Kids N Fitness©, a 6-week program which met weekly to provide 45 min of structured physical activity and a 45 min nutrition education class for parents and children. Intervention sites also participated in school-wide wellness activities, including health and counseling services, staff professional development in health promotion, parental education newsletters, and wellness policies for the provision of healthy foods at the school. The Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health School Physical Activity and Nutrition Student Questionnaire measured physical activity behavior, including: daily physical activity, participation in team sports, attending physical education class, and TV viewing/computer game playing. Anthropometric measures included height, weight, body mass index, resting blood pressure, and waist circumference. Measures were collected at baseline, completion of the intervention phase (4 months), and 12 months post-intervention. Results Significant results for students in the intervention, included for boys decreases in TV viewing; and girls increases in daily physical activity, physical education class attendance, and decreases in body mass index z-scores from baseline to the 12 month follow-up. Conclusions Our study shows the value of utilizing nurses to implement a culturally sensitive, coordinated, intervention to decrease disparities in activity and TV viewing among underserved girls and boys. PMID:23021318

  15. Importance of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 pathway in neointimal hyperplasia after periarterial injury in mice and monkeys.

    PubMed

    Egashira, Kensuke; Zhao, Qingwei; Kataoka, Chu; Ohtani, Kishou; Usui, Makoto; Charo, Israel F; Nishida, Ken-Ichi; Inoue, Shujiro; Katoh, Makoto; Ichiki, Toshihiro; Takeshita, Akira

    2002-06-14

    Neointimal hyperplasia is a major cause of restenosis after coronary intervention. Because vascular injury is now recognized to involve an inflammatory response, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) might be involved in underlying mechanisms of restenosis. In the present study, we demonstrate the important role of MCP-1 in neointimal hyperplasia after cuff-induced arterial injury. In the first set of experiments, placement of a nonconstricting cuff around the femoral artery of intact mice and monkeys resulted in inflammation in the early stages and subsequent neointimal hyperplasia at the late stages. We transfected with an N-terminal deletion mutant of the human MCP-1 gene into skeletal muscles to block MCP-1 activity in vivo. This mutant MCP-1 works as a dominant-negative inhibitor of MCP-1. This strategy inhibited early vascular inflammation (monocyte infiltration, increased expression of MCP-1, and inflammatory cytokines) and late neointimal hyperplasia. In the second set of experiments, the cuff-induced neointimal hyperplasia was found to be less in CCR2-deficient mice than in control CCR2(+/+) mice. The MCP-1/CCR2 pathway plays a central role in the pathogenesis of neointimal hyperplasia in cuffed femoral artery of mice and monkeys. Therefore, the MCP-1/CCR2 pathway can be a therapeutic target for human restenosis after coronary intervention. PMID:12065319

  16. G-cell hyperplasia of the stomach induces ECL-cell proliferation in the pyloric glands in a paracrinal manner.

    PubMed

    Kasajima, Atsuko; Fujishima, Fumiyoshi; Morikawa, Takanori; Kawasaki, Shuhei; Konosu-Fukaya, Sachiko; Shibahara, Yukiko; Nakamura, Tadaho; Yoshikawa, Takeo; Iijima, Katsunori; Koike, Tomoyuki; Watanabe, Mika; Shibata, Chikashi; Sasano, Hironobu

    2015-05-01

    An inhibitory mechanism toward gastrin hypersecretion is significantly different between G-cell hyperplasia and gastrinoma despite the common clinical manifestations; hypergastrinemia and its related persistent gastric ulcers. We recenlty studied the G-cell, d-cell and ECL-cell density in a case of G-cell hyperplasia. The 70-year-old patient has been treated for persistent gastric ulcers with a markedly increased plasma gastrin (5600?pg/mL). The stomach was surgically resected because of the obstruction associated with ulcer scars. The number of G-cells in the pyloric glands was quantified on the surgical specimens and G-cell hyperplasia was histolopathologically identified. Immunostainig of histidine decarboxylate revealed the presence of ECL-cell hyperplasia in the pyloric glands and its density was significantly and positively correlated with G-cell density. Somatostatin immunoreactive cells (d-cells) increased in their number in the oxyntic glands. These results all indicated that hypersecretion of gastrin in G-cell hyperplasia could induce ECL-cell proliferation in a paracrinal manner. In addition, relatively non-prominent endocrinological features in the G-cell hyperplasia compared to gastrinoma could be also related to the paracrinal somatostatin inhibitory effects upon ECL-cells in the pyloric glands. PMID:25727368

  17. Rapamycin-coated expanded polytetrafluoroethylene bypass grafts exhibit decreased anastomotic neointimal hyperplasia in a porcine model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Catherine Cagiannos; Omran R. Abul-Khoudoud; Waldemar DeRijk; Daniel H. Shell IV; Lisa K. Jennings; Elizabeth A. Tolley; Charles R. Handorf; Timothy C. Fabian

    2005-01-01

    Objective: We tested the hypothesis that rapamycin coated onto, and eluted from, expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) grafts would diminish neointimal hyperplasia in a porcine model. Methods: Rapamycin (also called sirolimus) was coated onto the luminal surface of 6-mm-internal-diameter thin-walled ePTFE grafts by using an adhesive polymer that allows timed release of the drug. An adhesive polymer that allows timed release of

  18. Ambiguous genitalia and hypertension in a patient with congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Valsalan, R; Zimmermann, A

    2013-03-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an uncommon condition. Its clinical presentation with hypertension is rare. Deficiency of the steroid 11-beta-hydroxylase accounts for less than 10% of CAH. We report a case of a 19-year-old patient who presents with hypertension with ambiguous genitalia secondary to adrenal steroidogenesis dysfunction. We also discuss the defects in adrenal steroidogenesis and clinical phenotypes of CAH. PMID:23441661

  19. Recent advances in diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felix G. Riepe; Wolfgang G. Sippell

    2007-01-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) is an autosomal-recessive disease causing cortisol\\u000a deficiency, aldosterone deficiency and hyperandrogenism. Diagnosis of 21-OHD is confirmed by steroid analysis in newborn screening\\u000a or later on. Standard medical treatment consists of oral glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid administration in order to suppress\\u000a adrenal androgens and to compensate for adrenal steroid deficiencies. However, available treatment

  20. Antagonistic effect of Lepidium meyenii (red maca) on prostatic hyperplasia in adult mice.

    PubMed

    Gonzales, G F; Gasco, M; Malheiros-Pereira, A; Gonzales-Castañeda, C

    2008-06-01

    The plants from the Lepidium gender have demonstrated to have effect on the size of the prostate. Lepidium meyenii (Maca) is a Peruvian plant that grows exclusively over 4000 m above sea level. The present study was designed to determine the effect of red maca (RM) in the prostate hyperplasia induced with testosterone enanthate (TE) in adult mice. Prostate hyperplasia was induced by administering TE, and then these animals (n = 6, each group) were treated with RM or Finasteride (positive control) for 21 days. There was an additional group without prostate hyperplasia (vehicle). Mice were killed on days 7, 14 and 21 after treatment with RM. Testosterone and oestradiol levels were measured on the last day of treatment. Prostatic stroma, epithelium and acini were measured histologically. RM reduced prostate weight at 21 days of treatment. Weights of seminal vesicles, testis and epididymis were not affected by RM treatment. The reduction in prostate size by RM was 1.59 times. Histological analysis showed that TE increased 2-fold the acinar area, effect prevented in the groups receiving TE + RM for 14 (P < 0.05) and 21 (P < 0.05) days and the group receiving TE + Finasteride for 21 days (P < 0.05). TE increased prostatic stroma area and this effect was prevented by treatment with RM since 7 days of treatment or Finasteride. The reduction in prostatic stroma area by RM was 1.42 times. RM has an anti-hyperplastic effect on the prostate of adult mice when hyperplasia was induced with TE acting first at prostatic stromal level. PMID:18477205

  1. Case of adrenocorticotropic hormone-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia with possible adrenal hypersensitivity to angiotensin II

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoshio Nakamura; Yonsu Son; Yasuhiro Kohno; Dai Shimono; Naomitsu Kuwamura; Hiroyuki Koshiyama; Hironobu Sasano; Tadashi Matsuda

    2001-01-01

    With increasing case reports, it has been indicated that some cases with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-independent macronodular\\u000a adrenal hyperplasia (AIMAH) show abnormal responses in cortisol to various stimulation tests. Here we report a case of AIMAH\\u000a that showed an aberrant response to angiotensin II via AT1 receptor in cortisol hypersecretion. A 53-yr-old man was admitted\\u000a to our division seeking further examinations

  2. Pancreatic-polypeptide cell hyperplasia associated with pancreatic or duodenal gastrinomas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eugenia Marta Martella; Gabriella Ferraro; Cinzia Azzoni; Massimo Marignani; Cesare Bordi

    1997-01-01

    An immunohistochemical investigation of pancreatic-polypeptide (PP) cells in the PP-rich region of the pancreas, of ventral embryological origin, was performed in three female patients affected by or previously operated on for functioning duodenal or pancreatic gastrinomas not associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome. A pronounced PP-cell hyperplasia showing histological patterns of endocrine cell dysplasia and focal adenomatosis as defined by

  3. Effect of an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, candesartan cilexetil, on canine intima hyperplasia after balloon injury

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M Miyazaki; T Wada; N Shiota; S Takai; Mizuo Miyazaki

    1999-01-01

    The roles of angiotensin (Ang) II as produced by two different enzymes, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and chymase, were investigated in a canine experimental model where intima hyperplasia was induced by balloon catheterization in the common carotid and femoral arteries. The animals received oral candesartan cilexetil (3 mg\\/kg) or enalapril (10 mg\\/kg) twice a day for 5 weeks. After 1 week

  4. Understanding the premalignant potential of atypical hyperplasia through its natural history: a longitudinal cohort study.

    PubMed

    Hartmann, Lynn C; Radisky, Derek C; Frost, Marlene H; Santen, Richard J; Vierkant, Robert A; Benetti, Lorelle L; Tarabishy, Yaman; Ghosh, Karthik; Visscher, Daniel W; Degnim, Amy C

    2014-02-01

    Atypical hyperplasia is a high-risk premalignant lesion of the breast, but its biology is poorly understood. Many believe that atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) is a direct precursor for low-grade ductal breast cancer, whereas atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH) serves as a risk indicator. These assumptions underlie current clinical recommendations. We tested these assumptions by studying the characteristics of the breast cancers that develop in women with ADH or ALH. Using the Mayo Benign Breast Disease Cohort, we identified all women with ADH or ALH from 1967 to 2001 and followed them for later breast cancers, characterizing side of breast cancer versus side of atypia; time to breast cancer; type, histology, and grade of breast cancer, looking for patterns consistent with precursors versus risk indicators. A total of 698 women with atypical hyperplasia were followed a mean of 12.5 years; 143 developed breast cancer. For both ADH and ALH, there is a 2:1 ratio of ipsilateral to contralateral breast cancer. The ipsilateral predominance is marked in the first 5 years, consistent with a precursor phenotype for both ADH and ALH. For both, there is a predominance of invasive ductal cancers with 69% of moderate or high grade. Twenty-five percent are node positive. Both ADH and ALH portend risk for ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive breast cancers, predominantly ductal, with two thirds moderate or high grade. The ipsilateral breast is at especially high risk for breast cancer in the first 5 years after atypia, with risk remaining elevated in both breasts long term. ADH and ALH behave similarly in terms of later breast cancer endpoints. PMID:24480577

  5. Cytogenetic study of a nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid after irradiation for Hodgkin's disease

    SciTech Connect

    van den Berg, E.; van Doormaal, J.J.; Oosterhuis, J.W.; de Jong, B.; Buist, J.; Vos, A.M.; Dam, A.; Vermeij, A. (Department of Pathology, University of Groningen (Netherlands))

    1991-05-01

    We describe cytogenetics of a case of nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid with papillary microcarcinoma following radiotherapy for Hodgkin's disease. The chromosomal pattern found was very heterogeneous with a clonal abnormality of chromosome 10, among others. Together with some recent data from the literature, this finding may point to an important role of chromosome 10 abnormalities in the pathogenesis of benign and malignant thyroid neoplasms.

  6. Serum monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 levels in rat models of intimal hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mitsuhiro Yamamura; Takashi Miyamoto; Hideki Yao

    2002-01-01

    Recently we reported that there is a direct correlation between monocytes\\/macrophages (Mo\\/Mø) infiltration and the development of intimal hyperplasia (IH) in rat interposition vein graft. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is the most potent chemoattractant and activating chemokine for Mo\\/Mø. We evaluated rat serum MCP-1 levels as the indicator of inflammatory response, before and after operation. In twenty five male Lewis

  7. Methotrexate as an alternative treatment for orbital angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia.

    PubMed

    Baker, Meredith S; Avery, Robert B; Johnson, Courtney R; Allen, Richard C

    2012-10-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon, benign disorder that presents as solitary or multiple nodules in the dermis or subcutaneous tissue. Orbital ALHE has been reported on occasion. We report a case of orbital ALHE which was refractory to systemic steroids but effectively treated with low-dose subcutaneous methotrexate. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of methotrexate as a successful treatment for refractory ALHE. PMID:23030406

  8. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia presenting as a giant axillary artery aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Bhat, Seetharama P S; Moorthy, Nagaraja; Ramalingam, Rangaraj; Jayapal, Mithravrinda; Nanjappa, Manjunath Cholenahalli

    2010-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an unusual vascular tumor most frequently located in the superficial head and neck. Noncutaneous localization of this pathology in large arteries presenting as a pulsatile mass is extremely rare. We describe an adult male with a giant left axillary artery tumor secondary to ALHE. ALHE should be considered in the differential diagnosis of localized peripheral arterial masses, especially in young patients. PMID:20122362

  9. Lasers are superfluous for the surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia in the developing world

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Narmada P.; Anand, Ajay

    2009-01-01

    Lasers have been given much hype as regards their use in surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Transurethral resection of prostate (TURP), especially with its modifications still remains the gold standard treatment for BPH, owing to its efficacy and proven advantages over laser prostatectomy. Cost, unproven long-term durability, steep learning curve, and no advantages of laser prostatectomy over TURP and its modifications, make lasers superfluous in the surgical management of BPH in developing countries. PMID:19881145

  10. Self-Reported Sexual Arousability in Women with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KENNETH J. ZUCKER; SUSAN J. BRADLEY; GILLIAN OLIVER; JENNIFER BLAKE; SUSAN FLEMING; JANE HOOD

    2004-01-01

    As part of a larger study of psychosexual development and sexual functioning in women with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), we assessed self-reported sexual arousability with the Sexual Arousability Inventory-Short Form (SAI-SF; Hoon & Chambless, 1998). Compared to their unaffected sisters\\/female cousins (n = 15), women with CAH (n = 30) reported significantly lower sexual arousability on the SAI, with an

  11. [Early hormonal exposure and behavior effects in congenital adrenal hyperplasia: a case report].

    PubMed

    Tortolani, I; Scantamburlo, G; Ansseau, M; Legros, J J

    2003-10-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a recessive autosomal transmission endocrine pathology that exposes people who suffer from it to an abnormally high concentration of adrenal androgens during the prenatal and early postnatal periods. This disease induces female's virilism of variable degree. The case of a 29 year-old patient, who suffers from this affection and also presents a psychiatric disorder, raises questions about the possible consequences of an early exposure to androgens on the adult behaviour. PMID:14677523

  12. Effect of obesity on prostatic hyperplasia: Its relation to sex steroid levels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Soygür; B. Küpeli; K. Aydos; S. Küpeli; N. Arikan; Y. Z. Müftüo?lu

    1996-01-01

    In 68 men with benign prostatic hyperplasia, we evaluated the association between obesity and prostatic enlargement, as well\\u000a as changes in serum levels of oestradiol, testosterone, dihydroepiandrosterone and dihydroepiandrosterone sulphate. Despite\\u000a the larger adenomas, no increase in the symptom score for BPH was observed with increasing obesity. Average specimen weights\\u000a increased with increasing obesity and increasing host age from 46

  13. Use of a carbon dioxide laser to treat ceruminous gland hyperplasia in a cat.

    PubMed

    Corriveau, Lorraine Ann

    2012-06-01

    This case report describes the skin condition ceruminous gland hyperplasia of the ears of a cat. The diagnosis was made through histopathology. Treatment consisted of carbon dioxide laser ablation of the cystic structures and postoperative care associated with the surgery, as well as a hydrolyzed protein diet, weekly ear cleaning and intermittent topical corticosteroid drops in the ears to minimize the reoccurrence of the cysts. PMID:22328586

  14. Ki67: a time-varying biomarker of risk of breast cancer in atypical hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marta Santisteban; Carol Reynolds; Emily G. Barr Fritcher; Marlene H. Frost; Robert A. Vierkant; Stephanie S. Anderson; Amy C. Degnim; Daniel W. Visscher; V. Shane Pankratz; Lynn C. Hartmann

    2010-01-01

    Uncontrolled proliferation is a defining feature of the malignant phenotype. Ki67 is a marker for proliferating cells and\\u000a is overexpressed in many breast cancers. Atypical hyperplasia is a premalignant lesion of the breast (relative risk ~ 4.0).\\u000a Here, we asked if Ki67 expression could stratify risk in women with atypia. Ki67 expression was assessed immunohistochemically\\u000a by digital image analysis in archival sections

  15. Use of 5?-reductase inhibitors to prevent benign prostatic hyperplasia disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonard S. Marks

    2006-01-01

    A histologic change in the prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is a normal part of aging. However, BPH disease,\\u000a defined here as a life-altering urinary condition caused by BPH requiring prompt medical intervention, is a serious medical\\u000a disorder associated with major complications, surgical intervention, and severe lifestyle interference. BPH disease is preventable.\\u000a The rationale for BPH disease prevention rests on

  16. Benign prostatic hyperplasia evaluation, association with sexual dysfunction, treatment, and practice patterns according to physician specialty

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boback M. Berookhim; Matthew L. Steinway; Natan Bar-Chama; Allen D. Seftel

    2009-01-01

    Recent evidence has indicated a significant link between benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and sexual dysfunction (SD). Patients\\u000a presenting with lower urinary tracts symptoms (LUTS) secondary to BPH should also be evaluated for comorbid SD, especially\\u000a given the increasing basic science evidence demonstrating a common pathway for these two conditions. Therapy for BPH may exacerbate\\u000a SD and should be selected carefully,

  17. Pharmacotherapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia: Inhibitor of 5 alpha-reductase

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ö. Polat; I. Özbey; O. Gül; A. Demirel; Y. Bayraktar

    1997-01-01

    We studied the effects of 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor (finasteride) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).\\u000a This study is a randomized controlled trial. Sixty-two patients were treated with 5 alpha-reductase (finasteride 5 mg\\/day)\\u000a and 61 patients (control group) with placebo for one year. Prostatic volume, maximal urine flow rate, AUA symptom scoring,\\u000a residual urine volume and prostate-specific antigen (PSA)

  18. Facial Asymmetry in Young Adults with Condylar Hyperplasia-Unusual Changes in the Facial Bones

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Manisha Lakhanpal; JK, Dayashankar Rao; Goel, Sumit; Srivastava, Siddharth

    2015-01-01

    Facial asymmetry can be caused by various pathological conditions, condylar hyperplasia (CH) is one of such condition, characterized by unilateral or bilateral mandibular condylar overgrowth, causing facial asymmetry, mandibular deviation, malocclusion and functional impairment. Advanced imaging and scintigraphic methods, helps the clinicians in diagnosing and monitoring its macroscopic aspects. Here we report three interesting and illustrative cases of facial asymmetry with unilateral CH discussing the unusual changes in the facial bones. PMID:25738093

  19. L-arginine polymers inhibit the development of vein graft neointimal hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Murray H. Kown; Atsushi Yamaguchi; Christina L. Jahncke; Douglas Miniati; Seiichiro Murata; Jurg Grunenfelder; Mark L. Koransky; Jonathan B. Rothbard; Robert C. Robbins

    2001-01-01

    Objective: We sought to determine whether L-arginine polymer treatment of vein grafts enhances vascular production of nitric oxide and inhibits the development of neointimal hyperplasia. Methods: External jugular veins of New Zealand White rabbits (n = 42) were harvested; treated intraluminally for 15 minutes with phosphate-buffered saline solution or L-arginine polymer 5, 7, or 9 at either 10 or 100

  20. 6Thioguanine Associated Nodular Regenerative Hyperplasia in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease May Induce Portal Hypertension

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arnulf Ferlitsch; Alexander Teml; Walter Reinisch; Gregor Ulbrich; Fritz Wrba; Monika Homoncik; Alfred Gangl; Markus Peck-Radosavljevic; Harald Vogelsang

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Recent studies suggest an association between 6-thioguanine (6-TG) therapy and hepatic nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). An influence of 6-TG on portal pressure remains to be determined. The aim of the study was to examine the functional relevance of long-term 6-TG treatment on hepatic hemodynamics in IBD patients and its association with NRH.METHODS:Patients treated

  1. Methotrexate loaded SAE coated coronary stents reduce neointimal hyperplasia in a porcine coronary model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Y Huang; K Salu; X Liu; S Li; L Wang; E Verbeken; J Bosmans; I De Scheerder

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effect of stent based methotrexate delivery on neointimal hyperplasia.Methods: Stainless steel coronary stents and biological polymer coated (SAE) stents were randomly implanted in coronary arteries of pigs with a stent to artery ratio of 1.1:1. The pigs were killed after five days (10 stents) or four weeks (20 stents). Second, stainless steel coronary stents were dip

  2. Gastric mucosa during treatment with lansoprazole: Helicobacter pylori is a risk factor for argyrophil cell hyperplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R Eissele; G Brunner; B Simon; E Solcia; R Arnold

    1997-01-01

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: The mechanisms causing progression of fundic gastritis and changes in argyrophil cell morphology in patients undergoing long-term treatment with proton pump inhibitors are unknown. The hypothesis of this study was that Helicobacter pylori is a risk factor for both gastritis and argyrophil cell hyperplasia.METHODS: Forty-two patients with peptic disorders resistant to H2-blockers were treated with 30-90 mg

  3. In vitro gene amplification for prenatal diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia.

    PubMed Central

    Rumsby, G; Honour, J W

    1990-01-01

    A simple, rapid, non-radioactive method for detecting homozygous deletions/conversions of the steroid 21-hydroxylase gene is described. In our experience this method will be useful for first trimester prenatal diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in 17% of families of a child with the salt losing form. This test includes an internal control to monitor the success of amplification. Images PMID:2277381

  4. Multiple progressive focal nodular hyperplasia lesions of liver in a patient with hemosiderosis

    PubMed Central

    Kayhan, Arda; Venu, Nanda; Lakadamyal?, Hatice; Jensen, Donald; Oto, Aytekin

    2010-01-01

    Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is the second most common benign lesion of the liver. It is a solitary lesion and usually does not enlarge. We present the magnetic resonance imaging findings of multiple progressive FNH lesions in a patient with hemosiderosis using Gadolinium-EOB-DTPA (Eovist) as a hepatobiliary contrast agent. The possible mechanisms underlying the occurrence and progression of FNH lesions and the potential value of Eovist in characterizing the lesions were discussed. PMID:21161026

  5. Multiple progressive focal nodular hyperplasia lesions of liver in a patient with hemosiderosis.

    PubMed

    Kayhan, Arda; Venu, Nanda; Lakadamyal?, Hatice; Jensen, Donald; Oto, Aytekin

    2010-10-28

    Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is the second most common benign lesion of the liver. It is a solitary lesion and usually does not enlarge. We present the magnetic resonance imaging findings of multiple progressive FNH lesions in a patient with hemosiderosis using Gadolinium-EOB-DTPA (Eovist) as a hepatobiliary contrast agent. The possible mechanisms underlying the occurrence and progression of FNH lesions and the potential value of Eovist in characterizing the lesions were discussed. PMID:21161026

  6. Nucleic acid indexing

    DOEpatents

    Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

    1999-01-01

    A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

  7. Nucleic acid indexing

    DOEpatents

    Guilfoyle, Richard A. (Madison, WI); Guo, Zhen (Bellevue, WA)

    2001-01-01

    A restriction site indexing method for selectively amplifying any fragment generated by a Class II restriction enzyme includes adaptors specific to fragment ends containing adaptor indexing sequences complementary to fragment indexing sequences near the termini of fragments generated by Class II enzyme cleavage. A method for combinatorial indexing facilitates amplification of restriction fragments whose sequence is not known.

  8. Indexing Consistency and Quality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zunde, Pranas; Dexter, Margaret E.

    Proposed is a measure of indexing consistency based on the concept of "fuzzy sets." By this procedure a higher consistency value is assigned if indexers agree on the more important terms than if they agree on less important terms. Measures of the quality of an indexer's work and exhaustivity of indexing are also proposed. Experimental data on…

  9. Tools for Printing Indexes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jon Louis Bentley; Brian W. Kernighan

    1988-01-01

    SUMMARY This paper describes a set of programs for processing and printing the index for a book or a manual. The input consists of lines containing index terms and page numbers. The programs collect multiple occurrences of the same terms, compress runs of page numbers, create permutations (e.g., 'index, book' from 'book index'), and sort them into proper alphabetic order.

  10. Monitoring regional drought using the Vegetation Condition Index

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. T. LIU; F. N. KOGAN

    1996-01-01

    NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) images generated from NOAA AVHRR GVI data were recently used to monitor large scale drought patterns and their climatic impact on vegetation. The purpose of this study is to use the Vegetation Condition Index (VCI) to further separate regional NDVI variation from geographical contributions in order to assess regional drought impacts. Weekly NDVI data for

  11. Myoid hamartoma of the breast with focal chondromyoxid metaplasia and pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia: A case report

    PubMed Central

    SU, CHIN-CHENG; CHEN, CHIH-JUNG; KUO, SHOU-JEN; CHEN, DAR-REN

    2015-01-01

    Hamartomas of the breast, also known as fibroadenolipomas, lipofibroadenomas or adenolipomas, are benign lesions. Hamartomas account for between 0.04 and 1.15% of all benign breast tumors in females. Myoid hamartoma of the breast (MHB) is extremely rare. The present study describes a case of MHB in a 44-year-old female. Screening mammography revealed a lobulated partial indistinct isodense mass measuring ~3.8 cm in the upper outer quadrant of the left breast. Sonographic examinations revealed a 2–3-cm mass in the left breast, which was fairly well circumbscribed and demonstrated complex scattered echogenic areas and isoechoic tissue. A core needle biopsy demonstrated fibrocystic changes, with small focal ductule aggregations. As malignancy could not be excluded, a partial mastectomy was performed using a circumareolar incision. The mass was histopathologically diagnosed as MHB with focal chondromyoxid metaplasia and pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia. The histological diagnosis was based upon the findings of the well-circumscribed tumor, which was composed of entrapped mammary ducts, fat cells and myoid stromal components, with focal chondromyxoid metaplasia and pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia. The tumor cells exhibited diffuse cluster of differentiation 34-positive immunoreactivity, which was consistent with a diagnosis of pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia. PMID:25789043

  12. Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia in the gastrointestinal tract in adult patients: A review

    PubMed Central

    Albuquerque, Andreia

    2014-01-01

    Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of the gastrointestinal tract is characterized by the presence of multiple small nodules, normally between between 2 and 10 mm in diameter, distributed along the small intestine (more often), stomach, large intestine, or rectum. The pathogenesis is largely unknown. It can occur in all age groups, but primarily in children and can affect adults with or without immunodeficiency. Some patients have an associated disease, namely, common variable immunodeficiency, selective IgA deficiency, Giardia infection, or, more rarely, human immunodeficiency virus infection, celiac disease, or Helicobacter pylori infection. Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia generally presents as an asymptomatic disease, but it may cause gastrointestinal symptoms like abdominal pain, chronic diarrhea, bleeding or intestinal obstruction. A diagnosis is made at endoscopy or contrast barium studies and should be confirmed by histology. Its histological characteristics include markedly hyperplasic, mitotically active germinal centers and well-defined lymphocyte mantles found in the lamina propria and/or in the superficial submucosa, distributed in a diffuse or focal form. Treatment is directed towards associated conditions because the disorder itself generally requires no intervention. Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia is a risk factor for both intestinal and, very rarely, extraintestinal lymphoma. Some authors recommend surveillance, however, the duration and intervals are undefined. PMID:25400867

  13. Hyperplasia-adenoma sequence in pituitary tumorigenesis related to aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein gene mutation.

    PubMed

    Villa, Chiara; Lagonigro, Maria Stefania; Magri, Flavia; Koziak, Maria; Jaffrain-Rea, Marie-Lise; Brauner, Raja; Bouligand, Jerome; Junier, Marie Pierre; Di Rocco, Federico; Sainte-Rose, Christian; Beckers, Albert; Roux, François Xavier; Daly, Adrian F; Chiovato, Luca

    2011-06-01

    Mutations of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) gene are associated with pituitary adenomas that usually occur as familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA). Detailed pathological and tumor genetic data on AIP mutation-related pituitary adenomas are not sufficient. Non-identical twin females presented as adolescents to the emergency department with severe progressive headache caused by large pituitary macroadenomas require emergency neurosurgery; one patient had incipient pituitary apoplexy. Post-surgically, the patients were found to have silent somatotrope adenomas on pathological examination. Furthermore, the light microscopic, immunohistochemical, and electron microscopic studies demonstrated tumors of virtually identical characteristics. The adenomas were accompanied by multiple areas of pituitary hyperplasia, which stained positively for GH, indicating somatotrope hyperplasia. Genetic analyses of the FIPA kindred revealed a novel E216X mutation of the AIP gene, which was present in both the affected patients and the unaffected father. Molecular analysis of surgical specimens revealed loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in the adenoma but showed that LOH was not present in the hyperplastic pituitary tissue from either patient. AIP immunostaining confirmed normal staining in the hyperplastic tissue and decreased staining in the adenoma in the tumors from both patients. These results demonstrate that patients with AIP germline mutation can present with silent somatotrope pituitary adenomas. The finding of somatotrope hyperplasia unaccompanied by AIP LOH suggests that LOH at the AIP locus might be a late event in a potential progression from hyperplastic to adenomatous tissue. PMID:21450940

  14. Ovarian leydig cell hyperplasia: an unusual case of virilization in a postmenopausal woman.

    PubMed

    Mehta, Jaya M; Miller, Jeffrey L; Cannon, Anthony J; Mardekian, Stacey K; Kenyon, Lawrence C; Jabbour, Serge A

    2014-01-01

    Objective. To report an unusual case of ovarian Leydig cell hyperplasia resulting in virilization in a postmenopausal woman. Methods. Patient's medical history and pertinent literature were reviewed. Results. A 64-year-old woman presented with virilization with worsening hirsutism, deepening of her voice, male musculature, and male pattern alopecia. Her pertinent past medical history included type 1 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension. Her pertinent past surgical history included hysterectomy due to fibroids. On further work-up, her serum total testosterone was 506?ng/dL (nl range: 2-45) and free testosterone was 40?pg/mL (nl range: 0.1-6.4). After ruling out adrenal causes, the patient underwent an empiric bilateral oophorectomy that showed Leydig cell hyperplasia on pathology. Six weeks postoperatively, serum testosterone was undetectable with significant clinical improvement. Conclusion. Postmenopausal hyperandrogenism can be the result of numerous etiologies ranging from normal physiologic changes to ovarian or rarely adrenal tumors. Our patient was found to have Leydig cell hyperplasia of her ovaries, a rarely reported cause of virilization. PMID:25045549

  15. Prostatic ischemia induces ventral prostatic hyperplasia in the SHR; possible mechanism of development of BPH

    PubMed Central

    Saito, Motoaki; Tsounapi, Panagiota; Oikawa, Ryo; Shimizu, Shogo; Honda, Masashi; Sejima, Takehiro; Kinoshita, Yukako; Tomita, Shuhei

    2014-01-01

    In the light of increasing evidence that benign prostatic hyperplasia is associated with cardiovascular disease, we have investigated the relationship between prostatic blood flow and prostatic hyperplasia in the spontaneously-hypertensive-rat (SHR). Twelve-week-old male SHRs were treated with nicorandil for six weeks. Wistar-Kyoto rats were used as controls. Six weeks after nicorandil treatment, blood pressure and the prostatic blood flow were estimated, and tissue levels of malondialdehyde, HIF-1?, TGF-?1, bFGF, dihydrotestosterone, and ?-SMA were measured. SHRs showed significant increases in blood pressure, tissue levels of malondialdehyde, HIF-1?, TGF-?1, bFGF, ?-SMA and a significant decrease in the prostatic blood flow. Although treatment with nicorandil failed to alter the blood-pressure and ?-SMA, it significantly ameliorated the increased levels of malondialdehyde, HIF-1?, TGF-?1, and bFGF. There were no significant differences in tissue levels of dihydrotestosterone among any groups. These data indicate that development of prostatic hyperplasia may be associated with prostatic hypoxia, which nicorandil prevents via its effect to increase the blood flow. PMID:24448152

  16. Adenomyoepithelioma of the breast with associated atypical lobular hyperplasia: a previously unrecognized association with management implications.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Shuang; Huo, Lei; Arribas, Elsa; Middleton, Lavinia P

    2015-02-01

    Adenomyoepitheliomas of breast are rare tumors. We report for the first time a case of an adenomyoepithelioma of the breast with associated lobular neoplasia. A 53-year-old woman had an annual screening mammogram, which identified areas of asymmetry in her left breast at 4-5-o'clock position. Resection of the masses revealed a well-circumscribed, gray-white, firm discrete nodule (0.8 × 0.4 × 0.3 cm). The tumor was composed of both adenomyoepithelial cell hyperplasia and focal atypical lobular hyperplasia. The 2 cell populations had some overlapping histologic features. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated a biphasic proliferation with approximately equal parts of luminal epithelial cells with clear and rounded appearance and myoepithelial cells. The myoepithelial component of the proliferation expressed myosin, p63, CK5/6, S-100, and dimly expressed E-cadherin. The epithelial component of the proliferation strongly expressed E-cadherin. In the areas of atypical lobular hyperplasia, there was distinct loss E-cadherin expression. Awareness of this association is highly important to provide these patients adequate follow-up and treatment. PMID:25631879

  17. Suitable reference genes for the analysis of direct hyperplasia in mice

    SciTech Connect

    Takagi, Soichi [Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666 (Japan); Ohashi, Kazuo [Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666 (Japan)], E-mail: ohashi@abmes.twmu.ac.jp; Utoh, Rie [Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666 (Japan); Tatsumi, Kohei; Shima, Midori [Department of Pediatrics, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara 634-8522 (Japan); Okano, Teruo [Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8666 (Japan)

    2008-12-26

    The liver is capable of undergoing a proliferative growth, known as direct hyperplasia, in which the naive liver increases in size due to stimulation with primary mitogens. To produce accurate gene expression data, housekeeping genes (HKGs) that are stably expressed need to be determined. In the present study, liver regeneration was promoted via the direct hyperplasia mode by inducing mice with 1,4-bis[2-(3,5-dichloropyridyloxy)]benzene. Gene expression levels of nine commonly used HKGs were analyzed in the liver of different timing during the regeneration. The stability of gene expression was assessed using two different analysis programs, geNorm and NormFinder. Using these analyses, we identified that PPIA and RPL4 showed the most stable expression regardless of the status of the liver regeneration. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that the use of PPIA and RPL4 were the most optimal in providing reliable normalization of gene expression when assessing liver regeneration attributed to direct hyperplasia.

  18. Mig-6 Gene Knockout Induces Neointimal Hyperplasia in the Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Ju Hee; Choung, Sorim; Kim, Ji Min; Lee, Jung Uee; Kim, Koon Soon; Kim, Hyun Jin; Jeong, Jae-Wook; Ku, Bon Jeong

    2014-01-01

    Although advances in vascular interventions can reduce the mortality associated with cardiovascular disease, neointimal hyperplasia remains a clinically significant obstacle limiting the success of current interventions. Identification of signaling pathways involved in migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) is an important approach for the development of modalities to combat this disease. Herein we investigate the role of an immediate early response gene, mitogen-inducible gene-6 (Mig-6), in the development of neointimal hyperplasia using vascular smooth muscle specific Mig-6 knockout mice. We induced endoluminal injury to one side of femoral artery by balloon dilatation in both Mig-6 knockout and control mice. Four weeks following injury, the artery of Mig-6 knockout mice demonstrated a 5.3-fold increase in the neointima/media ratio compared with control mice (P = 0.04). In addition, Mig-6 knockout vascular SMCs displayed an increase in both cell migration and proliferation compared with wild-type SMCs. Taken together, our data suggest that Mig-6 plays a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis. This finding provides new insight into the development of more effective ways to treat and prevent neointimal hyperplasia, particularly in-stent restenosis after percutaneous vascular intervention. PMID:25574067

  19. Inhibitory effect of rape pollen supercritical CO2 fluid extract against testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia in rats

    PubMed Central

    YANG, BI-CHENG; JIN, LI-LI; YANG, YI-FANG; LI, KUN; PENG, DAN-MING

    2014-01-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) can lead to lower urinary tract symptoms. Rape pollen is an apicultural product that is composed of nutritionally valuable and biologically active substances. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of rape pollen supercritical CO2 fluid extract (SFE-CO2) in BPH development using a testosterone-induced BPH rat model. BPH was induced in the experimental groups by daily subcutaneous injections of testosterone for a period of 30 days. Rape pollen SFE-CO2 was administered daily by oral gavage concurrently with the testosterone injections. Animals were sacrificed at the scheduled termination and the prostates were weighed and subjected to histopathological examination. Testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), 5?-reductase and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) levels were also measured. BPH-induced animals exhibited an increase in prostate weight with increased testosterone, DHT, 5?-reductase and COX-2 expression levels. However, rape pollen SFE-CO2 treatment resulted in significant reductions in the prostate index and testosterone, DHT, 5?-reductase and COX-2 levels compared with those in BPH-induced animals. Histopathological examination also demonstrated that rape pollen SFE-CO2 treatment suppressed testosterone-induced BPH. These observations indicate that rape pollen SFE-CO2 inhibits the development of BPH in rats and these effects are closely associated with reductions in DHT, 5?-reductase and COX-2 levels. Therefore, the results of the present study clearly indicate that rape pollen SFE-CO2 extract may be a useful agent in BPH treatment. PMID:24944593

  20. Surgical Intervention for Symptomatic Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is Correlated With Expression of the AP-1 Transcription Factor Network

    PubMed Central

    Lin-Tsai, Opal; Clark, Peter E.; Miller, Nicole L.; Fowke, Jay H.; Hameed, Omar; Hayward, Simon W.; Strand, Douglas W.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND Approximately one-third of patients fail medical treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia and associated lower urinary tract symptoms (BPH/LUTS) requiring surgical intervention. Our purpose was to establish a molecular characterization for patients undergoing surgical intervention for LUTS to address therapeutic deficiencies. METHODS Clinical, molecular, and histopathological profiles were analyzed in 26 patients undergoing surgery for severe LUTS. Incidental transitional zone nodules were isolated from 37 patients with mild symptoms undergoing radical prostatectomy. Clinical parameters including age, prostate volume, medication, prostate specific antigen, symptom score, body mass index, and incidence of diabetes were collected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis with adjustments for potential confounding variables was used to examine associations between patient clinical characteristics and molecular targets identified through molecular profiling. RESULTS Compared to incidental BPH, progressive symptomatic BPH was associated with increased expression of the activating protein-1 transcription factor/chemokine network. As expected, inverse correlations were drawn between androgen receptor levels and age, as well as between 5?-reductase inhibitor (5ARI) treatment and tissue prostate specific antigen levels; however, a novel association was also drawn between 5ARI treatment and increased c-FOS expression. CONCLUSIONS This study provides molecular evidence that a network of pro-inflammatory activating protein-1 transcription factors and associated chemokines are highly enriched in symptomatic prostate disease, a profile that molecularly categorizes with many other chronic autoimmune diseases. Because 5ARI treatment was associated with increased c-FOS expression, future studies should explore whether increased activating protein-1 proteins are causal factors in the development of symptomatic prostate disease, inflammation or resistance to traditional hormonal therapy. PMID:24500928

  1. Can 80 W KTP Laser Vaporization Effectively Relieve the Obstruction in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?: A Nonrandomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Han, Deok Hyun; Choo, Seol Ho; Chung, Jin Woo; Hong, Jeong Hee

    2012-01-01

    Purpose There is little data evaluating the changes of severity of bladder outlet obstruction after 80 W-potassium-titanyl-phosphate (KTP) photoselective laser vaporization prostatectomy (PVP) by pressure-flow study. We evaluated the efficacy of PVP to relieve the obstruction in benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) compared with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Materials and Methods This is a prospective, non-randomized single center study. The inclusion criteria were as follows: Men suffering from lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to BPH, age ?50 years, International Prostatic Symptom Score (IPSS) ?13, maximum flow rate (Qmax) ?15 ml/s, and ability to give fully informed consent. Patients with neurogenic cause or detrusor underactivity were excluded. The IPSS, bother score, Qmax, postvoid residual volume (PVR), detrusor pressure at maximum flow rate (PdetQmax), bladder outlet obstruction index (BOOI), and prostate volume were measured before and 6 months after surgery and compared between PVP and TURP. Results Sixty-seven patients (53 in PVP, 14 in TURP) were evaluable. In both groups, the IPSS, bother score, Qmax, and PVR had significantly improved (p<0.05), and there were no differences between the changes in those parameters. PVP could effectively reduce the PdetQmax, prostate volume, and BOOI from baseline (from 68.7±23.3 to 40.6±11.2 cmH2O, 49.5±16.3 to 31.3±12.1 ml, 49.8±25.6 to 9.8±20.7), similar to TURP. There were no differences in postoperative PdetQmax, prostate volume, or BOOI between the two groups. The percentage of patients with BOOI ?40 was decreased from 64% to 4% in the PVP group and from 86% to 14% in the TURP group. Conclusions PVP could reduce the prostate volume effectively and relieve bladder outlet obstruction similar to TURP by the 6-month follow up in men with BPH. PMID:23596606

  2. Terazosin. A pharmacoeconomic evaluation of its use in benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Plosker, G L; Goa, K L

    1997-02-01

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common disorder in elderly men which carries a substantial economic burden. Urinary symptoms associated with moderate to severe disease can significantly interfere with daily activities and reduce quality of life. Obstruction of urine flow in men with BPH can result from nonmalignant enlargement of the prostate gland (static component of BPH) and from alpha 1 receptor-mediated increased smooth muscle tone of the bladder neck and prostate (dynamic component of BPH). Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is generally very effective and has traditionally been the standard treatment for men with moderate to severe BPH. However, response to therapy with TURP is not universal and the procedure is associated with a number of potential complications. Moreover, many men prefer to avoid or are not suitable candidates for this invasive procedure. Thus, there is an increasing role for less invasive treatment, including drug therapy, in men with moderate to severe BPH. Terazosin is an alpha 1 receptor antagonist which has been shown in placebo-controlled trials to significantly improve American Urology Association (AUA) symptom and quality-of-life scores and symptom problem index ('bother' score), as well as increase peak urinary flow rate, in men with BPH. In a recent large randomised US trial, treatment for 1 year with terazosin titrated to 10 mg/day improved mean AUA symptom score and peak urinary flow rate to a significantly greater extent than finasteride 5 mg/day in men with moderate to severe BPH. The most frequently reported adverse events associated with terazosin include dizziness, asthenia, postural hypotension, somnolence, headache, peripheral oedema, nasal congestion/rhinitis and syncope. Approximately 5% of men with BPH discontinue terazosin because of adverse events. Results of an economic evaluation of terazosin, in which both clinical and economic data were collected prospectively in a randomised placebo-controlled study design, showed similar total direct treatment costs per 1000 patients associated with 1 year of therapy with terazosin ($US3.57 million) and placebo ($US3.78 million) in men with moderate to severe BPH (1992 dollars). The analysis, which was conducted from the perspective of a managed care organisation in the US, demonstrated that the lower medication costs in the placebo group relative to the terazosin group were offset by increased inpatient care costs. Thus, terazosin (titrated to response up to a maximum of 10 mg/day) was significantly more effective than placebo in improving disease-specific symptoms and quality of life, but at a similar overall cost to placebo. Another economic analysis, also conducted from a third-party payer perspective in the US, modelled direct treatment costs associated with terazosin, finasteride and TURP during the first 2 years after initiating therapy in men with moderate to severe BPH. Results of the study favoured terazosin; the private insurance cost per patient undergoing primary treatment with TURP was $US6411, compared with $US2860 with finasteride (45% of the cost of TURP) and $US2422 with terazosin (38% of the cost of TURP). Medicare costs were lower for all 3 treatment groups but the relative comparisons were similar; corresponding costs per patient were $US3874, $US2161 and $US1820 (1992 dollars). A companion break-even cost analysis used a hypothetical cohort of men with BPH starting treatment at age 67 years. Private insurance costs associated with terazosin remained lower then those associated with TURP for approximately 15 years (the corresponding break-even point was 10 years for finasteride vs TRUP). Medicare costs associated with terazosin would not exceed those of TURP for approximately 7 years (5.5 years for finasteride vs TURP). In conclusion, a limited number of detailed pharmacoeconomic analysis of terazosin have been conducted to date, although it has not been compared with other a1 receptor antagonists. PMID:10165827

  3. Germline RET 634 Mutation Positive MEN 2A-related C-Cell Hyperplasias Have Genetic Features Consistent with Intraepithelial Neoplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SALVADOR J. DIAZ-CANO; MANUEL DE MIGUEL; ALFREDO BLANES; ROBERT TASHJIAN; HUBERT J. WOLFE

    2010-01-01

    C-cell hyperplasias are normally multifocal in multiple endo- crine neoplasia type 2A. We compared clonality, microsatel- lite pattern of tumor suppressor genes, and cellular kinetics of C-cell hyperplasia foci in each thyroid lobe. We selected 11 females from multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A kindred treated with thyroidectomy due to hypercal- citoninemia. C-cell hyperplasia foci were microdissected for DNA extraction to

  4. The toxic spill index (emergency response index)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dean F. Martin; M. Christine Flynn; Charles D. Norris; Barbara B. Martin

    1990-01-01

    An index has been devised to indicate the magnitude of a toxic spill. The index is a product calculation that varies from 0–96. It incorporates an estimate of the magnitude of the spill, the spill type (unknown, leak, spill), the medium affected, and the magnitude of the hazard represented. The method of calculation appears to be straightforward, based upon a

  5. Inter-observer variability between general pathologists and a specialist in breast pathology in the diagnosis of lobular neoplasia, columnar cell lesions, atypical ductal hyperplasia and ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background This study aimed to assess inter-observer variability between the original diagnostic reports and later review by a specialist in breast pathology considering lobular neoplasias (LN), columnar cell lesions (CCL), atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast. Methods A retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 610 breast specimens that had been formally sent for consultation and/or second opinions to the Breast Pathology Laboratory of Federal University of Minas Gerais were analysed between January 2005 and December 2010. The inter-observer variability between the original report and later review was compared regarding the diagnoses of LN, CCL, ADH, and DCIS. Statistical analyses were conducted using the Kappa index. Results Weak correlations were observed for the diagnoses of columnar cell change (CCC; Kappa?=?0.38), columnar cell hyperplasia (CCH; Kappa?=?0.32), while a moderate agreement (Kappa?=?0.47) was observed for the diagnoses of flat epithelial atypia (FEA). Good agreement was observed in the diagnoses of atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH; Kappa?=?0.62) and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS; Kappa?=?0.66). However, poor agreement was observed for the diagnoses of pleomorphic LCIS (Kappa?=?0.22). Moderate agreement was observed for the diagnoses of ADH (Kappa?=?0.44), low-grade DCIS (Kappa?=?0.47), intermediate-grade DCIS (Kappa?=?0.45), and DCIS with microinvasion (Kappa?=?0.56). Good agreement was observed between the diagnoses of high-grade DCIS (Kappa?=?0.68). Conclusions According to our data, the best diagnostic agreements were observed for high-grade DCIS, ALH, and LCIS. CCL without atypia and pleomorphic LCIS had the worst agreement indices. Virtual Slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1640072350119725. PMID:24948027

  6. CENDI Indexing Workshop

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The CENDI Indexing Workshop held at NASA Headquarters, Two Independence Square, 300 E Street, Washington, DC, on September 21-22, 1994 focused on the following topics: machine aided indexing, indexing quality, an indexing pilot project, the MedIndEx Prototype, Department of Energy/Office of Scientific and Technical Information indexing activities, high-tech coding structures, category indexing schemes, and the Government Information Locator Service. This publication consists mostly of viewgraphs related to the above noted topics. In an appendix is a description of the Government Information Locator Service.

  7. Induction of reversible urothelial cell hyperplasia in rats by clorsulon, a flukicide with weak carbonic anhydrase inhibitory activity.

    PubMed

    Lankas, G R; Peter, C P

    1992-04-01

    Clorsulon, a flukicide registered for use in treating Fasciola hepatica infections in cattle, has induced urinary bladder urothelial cell hyperplasia in rats at oral doses of 30 mg/kg/day or more. Despite previous testing at doses above this threshold, this lesion had not been found in subchronic or chronic toxicity studies in rats. After ruling out the presence of a contaminant as the causative factor in producing this lesion, a study was conducted in which clorsulon increased the pH and altered the electrolyte composition of urine, consistent with its weak carbonic anhydrase inhibitory activity. The acid/base balance of the diet markedly affected the threshold for induction of the urothelial cell hyperplasia: acidification by addition of 5% ammonium chloride to the diet reduced the incidence and severity. In additional studies it was found that the urothelial cell hyperplasia was most pronounced after 1 week of treatment compared with daily exposure for either 5 or 15 wk. The reversibility of the hyperplasia despite continued treatment confirms that the hyperplasia is not a preneoplastic lesion, a conclusion supported by negative studies of carcinogenicity in rodent bioassays of clorsulon and other drugs with carbonic anhydrase inhibitory activity. PMID:1628865

  8. Islets of Langerhans from prohormone convertase-2 knockout mice show ?-cell hyperplasia and tumorigenesis with elevated ?-cell neogenesis

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Huw B; Reens, Jaimini; Brocklehurst, Simon R; Betts, Catherine J; Bickerton, Sue; Bigley, Alison L; Jenkins, Richard P; Whalley, Nicky M; Morgan, Derrick; Smith, David M

    2014-01-01

    Antagonism of the effects of glucagon as an adjunct therapy with other glucose-lowering drugs in the chronic treatment of diabetes has been suggested to aggressively control blood glucose levels. Antagonism of glucagon effects, by targeting glucagon secretion or disabling the glucagon receptor, is associated with ?-cell hyperplasia. We evaluated the influence of total glucagon withdrawal on islets of Langerhans using prohormone convertase-2 knockout mice (PC2-ko), in which ?-cell hyperplasia is present from a young age and persists throughout life, in order to understand whether or not sustained glucagon deficit would lead to islet tumorigenesis. PC2-ko and wild-type (WT) mice were maintained drug-free, and cohorts of these groups sampled at 3, 12 and 18?months for plasma biochemical and morphological (histological, immunohistochemical, electron microscopical and image analytical) assessments. WT mice showed no islet tumours up to termination of the study, but PC2-ko animals displayed marked changes in islet morphology from ?-cell hypertrophy/hyperplasia/atypical hyperplasia, to adenomas and carcinomas, these latter being first encountered at 6–8?months. Islet hyperplasias and tumours primarily consisted of ?-cells associated to varying degrees with other islet endocrine cell types. In addition to substantial increases in islet neoplasia, increased ?-cell neogenesis associated primarily with pancreatic duct(ule)s was present. We conclude that absolute blockade of the glucagon signal results in tumorigenesis and that the PC2-ko mouse represents a valuable model for investigation of islet tumours and pancreatic ductal neogenesis. PMID:24456331

  9. Inhibition of testosterone-induced hyperplasia of the prostate of sprague-dawley rats by pumpkin seed oil.

    PubMed

    Gossell-Williams, M; Davis, A; O'Connor, N

    2006-01-01

    The oil from the pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) seed is claimed to be useful in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. This investigation seeks to examine the effect of pumpkin seed oil on testosterone-induced hyperplasia of the prostate of rats. Hyperplasia was induced by subcutaneous administration of testosterone (0.3 mg/100 g of body weight) for 20 days. Simultaneous oral administration of either pumpkin seed oil (2.0 and 4.0 mg/100 g of body weight) or corn oil (vehicle) was also given for 20 days. The weights of the rats were recorded weekly, and the influence of testosterone and pumpkin seed oil on the weight gain of the rats was examined. On day 21, rats were sacrificed, and the prostate was removed, cleaned, and weighed. The prostate size ratio (prostate weight/rat body weight) was then calculated. Neither testosterone nor pumpkin seed oil had any significant influence on the weight gain of the rats. Testosterone significantly increased prostate size ratio (P < .05), and this induced increase was inhibited in rats fed with pumpkin seed oil at 2.0 mg/100 g of body weight. The protective effect of pumpkin seed oil was significant at the higher pumpkin seed oil dose (P < .02). We conclude pumpkin seed oil can inhibit testosterone-induced hyperplasia of the prostate and therefore may be beneficial in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. PMID:16822218

  10. Pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia mimicking squamous cell carcinoma in a case of CD56-positive cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma.

    PubMed

    Ginsberg, David; Hill, Hilary; Wilson, Barbara; Plaza, Jose A; Schieke, Stefan M

    2015-03-01

    We present the case of an 84-year-old patient with a cutaneous CD56 positive cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma associated with substantial pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia mimicking squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The patient presented with a 7-month history of several progressive, ulcerated plaques on his right forearm. An initial biopsy showed changes consistent with a diagnosis of SCC for which the patient underwent surgical treatment. Several months later, the patient developed recurrent ulcerated plaques on the right forearm of which several biopsies were performed. The biopsies repeatedly showed marked pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia resembling SCC. Deeper punch biopsies, however, showed a dense superficial and deep infiltrate of markedly atypical lymphocytes. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed strong positive staining for CD3, CD8, CD56 with negative stains for CD30 and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small non-polyadenylated RNAs (EBER). Staining for beta F1 and gamma-delta T-cell receptor (?? TCR) were both negative. This constellation was most consistent with a diagnosis of cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified in association with marked pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia. Our case adds cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified to the list of conditions associated with pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia (PCH) and illustrates once again the potential pitfalls of distinguishing marked pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia from SCC. PMID:25370871

  11. Characterization of acute biliary hyperplasia in Fisher 344 rats administered the indole-3-carbinol analog, NSC-743380.

    PubMed

    Eldridge, Sandy R; Covey, Joseph; Morris, Joel; Fang, Bingliang; Horn, Thomas L; Elsass, Karen E; Hamre, John R; McCormick, David L; Davis, Myrtle A

    2014-12-15

    NSC-743380 (1-[(3-chlorophenyl)-methyl]-1H-indole-3-carbinol) is in early stages of development as an anticancer agent. Two metabolites reflect sequential conversion of the carbinol functionality to a carboxaldehyde and the major metabolite, 1-[(3-chlorophenyl)-methyl]-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid. In an exploratory toxicity study in rats, NSC-743380 induced elevations in liver-associated serum enzymes and biliary hyperplasia. Biliary hyperplasia was observed 2 days after dosing orally for 2 consecutive days at 100mg/kg/day. Notably, hepatotoxicity and biliary hyperplasia were observed after oral administration of the parent compound, but not when major metabolites were administered. The toxicities of a structurally similar but pharmacologically inactive molecule and a structurally diverse molecule with a similar efficacy profile in killing cancer cells in vitro were compared to NSC-743380 to explore scaffold versus target-mediated toxicity. Following two oral doses of 100mg/kg/day given once daily on two consecutive days, the structurally unrelated active compound produced hepatic toxicity similar to NSC-743380. The structurally similar inactive compound did not, but, lower exposures were achieved. The weight of evidence implies that the hepatotoxicity associated with NSC-743380 is related to the anticancer activity of the parent molecule. Furthermore, because biliary hyperplasia represents an unmanageable and non-monitorable adverse effect in clinical settings, this model may provide an opportunity for investigators to use a short-duration study design to explore biomarkers of biliary hyperplasia. PMID:25448049

  12. The Europe 2020 Index

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pasimeni, Paolo

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a new index to quantify, measure and monitor the progress towards the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy. This index is based on a set of relevant, accepted, credible, easy to monitor and robust indicators presented by the European Commission at the time the strategy was launched. The internal analysis of the index shows…

  13. Dow Jones Internet Indexes

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dow Jones Indexes has created the Dow Jones Internet Index (DJII) to bring "an ordered perspective" to "the seeming chaos of Internet stocks." The new index includes companies that generate a minimum of 50 percent of their revenues from the Internet. Complete documentation of DJII components, data, historical values, and news are provided on-site.

  14. Clinical, Biochemical, and Molecular Characterization of Macronodular Adrenocortical Hyperplasia of the Zona Reticularis: A New Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Ghayee, Hans K.; Rege, Juilee; Watumull, Lori M.; Nwariaku, Fiemu E.; Carrick, Kelley S.; Rainey, William E.; Miller, Walter L.

    2011-01-01

    Context: Macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia classically presents with progressive hypercortisolemia and Cushing syndrome. We describe a 29-yr-old man with massive macronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia without hypercortisolemia but rather markedly elevated and nonsuppressible production of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEAS). Objective: To characterize the clinical and molecular features of this case and to determine whether the tissue biochemically resembles the zona reticularis or fetal adrenal. Setting: University clinic, hospital, and laboratories. Design: Static and dynamic blood and urine testing were performed preoperatively. Tissue was studied by light microscopy, immunoblot, RNA microarray, and enzyme assay. Participant: A 29-yr-old man with incidentally discovered bilateral adrenal enlargement. Intervention: Bilateral adrenalectomy. Main Outcome Measures: Molecular studies compared with control samples. Results: Hypercortisolism and 21-hydroxylase deficiency were excluded. DHEA, DHEAS, and 17-hydroxypregnenolone were markedly elevated and did not suppress with dexamethasone 2 mg/d for 4 d. Homogenates of the adrenals demonstrated high 17-hydroxylase, good 17,20-lyase, and low or absent 21-hydroxylase and 3?-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activities. Immunoblots confirmed robust expression of cytochrome P450c17 and AKR1C3 but not P450c21. Microarray analysis demonstrated high CYP11A1 and CYP17A1 expression but low or absent HSD3B1, HSD3B2, and CYP21A2 expression. Expression of mRNA for cytochrome b5 (CYB5A) and AKR1C3, markers of the zona reticularis, were markedly elevated. Conclusion: This is the first case of macronodular hyperplasia of the adrenal zona reticularis confirmed with studies of enzyme activity, mRNA expression, and protein identification. We speculate that this condition can be clinically silent in men but might cause severe hyperandrogenemia in women. PMID:21084398

  15. Transurethral microwave hyperthermia for benign prostatic hyperplasia: the Leuven clinical experience

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baert, Luc; Ameye, Filip; Willemen, Patrick; Petrovich, Zbigniew P.

    1991-07-01

    Transurethral microwave hyperthermia is a new conservative treatment modality for benign prostatic hyperplasia. From April 1989 until July 1990, 104 patients were treated using this method, with a mean post-treatment follow-up of 6 months. Seventy-four patients were admitted with subjective and objective low outflow obstructive parameters. Thirty were admitted because of acute urinary retention. Five to 10 hyperthermia sessions were administered on an outpatient basis during which 915 MHz microwaves were delivered to the prostate. In the group of patients with a bilobular hyperplasia, an improvement of the total FDA symptom scale with at least 5 points was noted in 60% after 6 months. Major improvement was noted in obstructive symptoms. Those patients with a trilobular hypertrophy showed an improvement in 40%, for a median bar obstruction 28.6% and for medium lobe hyperplasia 41.1%. The most important improvement in the mean average flow and mean peak flow was also noted in the patients with bilobular or trilobular hypertrophy. In both groups a slight decrease of postvoiding residual urine was noted. In those patients with acute urinary retention, 17 out of 23 with a bilobular hypertrophy regained spontaneous micturition. All of those with a median lobe or median bar obstruction required operation. During treatment the patients experienced bladder spasms, perineal pain, and minor urethral bleeding. Approximately 10% of patients had symtomatic urinary infection, which responded well to an appropriate therapy. Post hyperthermia histologic examination of the prostate revealed myonecrosis and thrombosis of the superficial blood vessels with fibrotic reorganization which seemed to be completed three weeks after the end of treatment. This suggests that transurethral microwave hyperthermia induces shrinking of the periurethral prostatic tissue and lowers the static outflow obstruction component.

  16. Enhanced neointimal hyperplasia and carotid artery remodelling in sequestosome 1 deficient mice

    PubMed Central

    Sugimoto, Rika; Warabi, Eiji; Katayanagi, Satoru; Sakai, Satoshi; Uwayama, Junya; Yanagawa, Toru; Watanabe, Ayaka; Harada, Harumi; Kitamura, Kiyoshi; Noguchi, Noriko; Yoshida, Hiroshi; Siow, Richard CM; Mann, Giovanni E; Ishii, Tetsuro

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Deficiency in the signal adaptor protein sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1/A170/p62) in mice is associated with mature-onset obesity, accompanied by insulin and leptin resistance. We previously established that redox sensitive transcription factor Nrf2 up-regulates SQSTM1 expression in response to atherogenic stimuli or laminar shear stress in vascular cells, and here examine the role of SQSTM1 in neointimal hyperplasia and vascular remodelling in vivo following carotid artery ligation. Neointimal hyperplasia was markedly enhanced at ligation sites after 3 weeks in SQSTM1–/– compared with wild-type (WT) mice. The intimal area and stenotic ratio were, respectively, 2.1- and 1.7-fold higher in SQSTM1?/– mice, indicating enhanced proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). When aortic SMCs were isolated from WT and SQSTM1?/– mice and cultured in vitro, we found that SQSTM1–/– SMCs proliferated more rapidly in response to foetal calf serum (FCS) and attained 2–3-fold higher cell densities compared to WT SMCs. Moreover, migration of SQSTM1–/– SMCs was enhanced compared to WT SMCs. Early and late phases of p38MAPK activation in response to FCS stimulation were also more enhanced in SQSTM1–/– SMCs, and inhibitors of p38 and ERK1/2 signalling pathways significantly attenuated SMC proliferation. In summary, SQSTM1–/– mice exhibit enhanced neointimal hyperplasia and vascular remodelling following arterial ligation in vivo. The enhanced proliferation of SQSTM1–/– aortic SMCs in vitro highlights a novel role for SQSTM1 in suppressing smooth muscle proliferation following vascular injury. PMID:19780870

  17. Experience of treating high risk prostate hyperplasia patients with a HPS120 laser

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and safety of 120 watt PVP surgery for the high risk prostate hyperplasia patients. Methods 120 watt PVP surgery was performed on 120 cases of high risk prostate hyperplasia patients. The assessment included the operation time, energy consumed, hemoglobin changes, and serum salt concentration, whether to keep urinary catheter, hospitalization time, and complications after the operation. International Prostate Symptom Scoring (IPSS), the maximum urine flow rate (Qmax) and residual urine volume (RUV) were conducted preoperatively and postoperatively for the patients. Results There were 30% of patients taking oral anti-coagulant drug (n?=?36), 88 cases with abnormal ECGs. All the patient’s internal diseases, include the cardiovascular disease (42/120), the hypertension (56/120), the respiratory system diseases (51/120), the cerebrovascular diseases (39/120), anemia (24/120), liver or kidney dysfunction (16/120), diabetes (18/120), hypoproteinemia (15/120) were under controlled. The average age, prostate volume and energy consumed was 82.8?±?8.6 (70–96) years, 66.1?±?25.3 (30–160) ml, and 224?±?85 (31–596) kJ respectively. The average follow-up time was 20.8?±?3.2 (18–24) months. The incidence of bladder neck contracture and urethral stricture were 1.7% and 0.8% respectively, no prostate cancer occurred during the subsequent follow-up period. Conclusions 120 watt PVP surgery can safely and effectively alleviate the urination parameters of high risk prostate hyperplasia patients. The surgical process is safe and effective, and is not affected by the various internal diseases or the use of oral anti-coagulant drugs. PMID:24286544

  18. The safety and efficacy of aspirin intake in photoselective vaporization laser treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Shao, I-Hung; Hou, Chen-Pang; Chen, Shao-Ming; Chen, Chien-Lun; Lin, Yu-Hsiang; Chang, Phei-Lang; Tsui, Ke-Hung

    2013-01-01

    Endoscopic surgical treatment has become an option to treat benign prostate hyperplasia. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) in patients. We evaluated preoperative and perioperative parameters, functional outcomes, and adverse events up to 12 months postoperatively of patients on oral anticoagulation therapy undergoing PVP, and compared the results with patients who did not take anticoagulation therapy. A total of 89 patients who received photoselective vaporization laser for benign prostate hyperplasia from May 2006 to February 2011 in our hospital were enrolled in our study. The patients were divided into two groups based on whether or not they were taking oral aspirin; 23 (25.8%) patients were taking aspirin derivatives (aspirin group), and 66 (74.2%) were not taking aspirin derivatives (control group). The mean prostate volume (58.8 mL vs 51 mL; P = 0.16) and mean energy consumption (235,268 J vs 289,793 J; P = 0.097) were comparable between the aspirin group and control group. The average postoperative results of hemoglobin were 13.4 mg/ dL for the aspirin group versus 13.9 mg/dL for the control group (P = 0.327). A significantly higher maximum flow rates and 80% improved post-void residual urine were noted during the followup. Postoperatively all variable showed significant improvement starting at month 1 of followup and remained improved for the 12 month followup. Postoperative complications were low and comparable between groups. PVP was characterized by excellent hemostatic properties and a very low intraoperative complication rate, even in the patients who were taking aspirin. On the basis of our perioperative results, we recommend PVP as a safe and effective procedure for patients with symptomatic benign prostate hyperplasia when taking an aspirin derivative. PMID:23662050

  19. Elevated plasma adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) with adrenal hyperplasia: a new factor in ACTH regulation?

    PubMed

    Ismail, A A; Burr, W A; Taylor, N F; Walker, P L

    1991-10-01

    We report a patient with Cushing's syndrome in whom the etiology of the hypercortisolemia could not be definitely established despite extensive biochemical investigations. Results included raised basal serum cortisol, plasma ACTH, and urinary free cortisol; failure to suppress even a paradoxical rise in serum cortisol after dexamethasone (1 mg overnight, 2, 8, and 16 mg/day); and a definite but not exaggerated rise in 11-deoxycortisol after metyrapone. After iv CRF, plasma ACTH rose from 22 to 30 pmol/L. Abdominal computed tomographic scanning showed adrenal hyperplasia; the presence of an adrenal adenoma, although suspected, was not established. An unusual finding was the presence in the urine of large amounts of 21-deoxycortisol metabolites, including 3 alpha,11 beta,17 alpha-trihydroxy-5 beta-pregnan-20-one and 5 beta-pregnane 3 alpha,11 beta,17 alpha,20 alpha-tetrol. On the basis of preoperative biochemical/radiological findings, a provisional diagnosis of ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome associated with autonomous bilateral adrenal hyperplasia was made. Incomplete bilateral adrenalectomy was performed; adrenal hyperplasia was histologically confirmed, but no tumor was found. However, ACTH was measured 1) just before operation when the patient was receiving treatment with metyrapone, and 2) postoperatively when the patient was receiving steroid replacement only, and on these occasions ACTH levels were lower than during the initial investigations. Pituitary scans before and after adrenalectomy were similar, offering no evidence of pituitary infarction. We propose that abnormal production of 21-deoxycortisol contributed to the aberrant regulation of ACTH and cortisol in this case, providing an example of a previously unreported cause of hypercortisolemia. PMID:1653782

  20. A minimal form of Proteus syndrome presenting with macrodactyly and hand hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Morelli, Federica; Feliciani, Claudio; Toto, Paola; De Benedetto, Anna; Tulli, Antonello

    2003-01-01

    Proteus syndrome is a rare congenital disorder characterized by progressive course and great variability of clinical presentation with partial gigantism of extremities, hemihyperplasia with macrocephaly, epidermal nevus, mesodermal hamartomas and the presence of peculiar cerebriform masses on the palms/soles. Many atypical cases have been reported and this is probably due to the mosaicism of the genetic disorder displaying different clinical features. We describe a patient with an extremely mild form of Proteus syndrome presenting macrodactyly and hyperplasia of one hand which was misdiagnosed until the age of 33 years. PMID:12695139

  1. What do I tell patients about saw palmetto for benign prostatic hyperplasia?

    PubMed

    Kane, Christopher J; Raheem, Omer A; Bent, Stephen; Avins, Andrew L

    2011-08-01

    Saw palmetto is widely used to treat lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Although there is passionate support for herbal and complementary therapies for LUTS, clinical evidence is mixed. Because there is a well-recognized, profound placebo effect in tests of efficacy for agents treating LUTS, it is imperative that all therapies be tested in placebo-controlled trials. This article reviews evidence of the efficacy and safety of saw palmetto for men with LUTS caused by BPH, with particular emphasis on published randomized clinical trials and the upcoming Complementary and Alternative Medicine for Urologic Symptoms (CAMUS) trial. PMID:21798388

  2. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia of the nail bed and bone: successful treatment with radiation therapy.

    PubMed

    Conill, C; Toscas, I; Mascaró, J M; Vilalta, A; Mascaró, J M

    2004-09-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare entity characterized by the presence of one or several papules or nodules in the skin. Histopathology of ALHE shows a marked proliferation of blood vessels with distinctive large endothelial cells and variable inflammatory infiltrates with eosinophils. We report a 32-year-old Caucasian woman with multiple nodules involving the skin, subcutaneous tissue and bone of the distal phalanx of the fingers that were treated successfully with orthovoltage radiation therapy (40 Gy/20 fractions) and without any side-effects after 9 years of follow-up. PMID:15324400

  3. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia mimicking multiple cylindromas: a rare case report.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, Sheikh Manzoor; Wani, Gh Mohiuddin; Khursheed, Bilquees; Qayoom, Seema

    2014-07-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare and idiopathic vascular disorder. It is characterized by red to brown papules and nodules, typically localized on the head and neck, particularly around the ear as singular or multiple lesions. Although ALHE is a benign disease, lesions are often persistent and difficult to eradicate. Young to middle age women are more commonly affected. The histological examination corresponds to a florid vascular proliferation with atypical endothelial cells surrounded by a lymphocytic and eosinophilic infiltrate. We describe an elderly male with multiple nodular lesions over the scalp mimicking cylindromas; the histological examination was consistent with ALHE. PMID:25071286

  4. [Considerations about angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) with regard to a case localized in the penis].

    PubMed

    Villanueva Peña, A; de Diego Rodríguez, E; Gómez Ortega, J Ma; Hernández Castrillo, A; López Rasines, G

    2005-01-01

    We report the case of a 27 year old man who presented a nodule in the ventral face of the penis, which increased in volume and turned painful during erection so a vascular lesion was suspected, later confirmed with a Doppler study. A complete excision of the lesion was carried out with local anaesthesia. The pathological specimen was informed as "angiolimphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia" in its intravascular form. This is the third communication of this kind of lesion in the penis but no other adopted the intravascular variant like the present case. We discuss about this exceptional entity and make review of the most relevant literature. PMID:15786776

  5. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia successfully treated with imiquimod. A case report.

    PubMed

    Gencoglan, Gulsum; Karaca, Semsettin; Ertekin, Banu

    2007-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare disorder characterized by vascular proliferation, eosinophilia in peripheral blood samples and lymphocytosis. The etiology is unknown; this rare condition is generally seen in women. It often presents as multiple, grouped red nodules in the periauricular region, scalp line and neck. Numerous therapeutic approaches have been tried for ALHE including destructive techniques such as electrodesiccation, cryotherapy, surgical excision, radiotherapy or laser (argon, CO(2), pulse dye). We present an ALHE case that was treated successfully by using topical imiquimod cream. PMID:17823521

  6. Co-existence of lichen amyloidosus and angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia.

    PubMed

    Shankar, S; Russell-Jones, R

    2004-07-01

    Summary Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an uncommon benign vascular tumour. It presents with small, dull red papules or nodules usually on the ears and preauricular areas and only 20% of lesions are multiple. We report a case of multiple scattered lesions of ALHE in a patient who subsequently developed lichen amyloidosus. Cases of lichen amyloidosus in association with Kimura's disease have been reported previously, but there are no reports of lichen amyloidosus with ALHE. The coexistence of these two conditions implies that ALHE is an inflammatory disorder, as an inflammatory process resulting in basal layer damage is necessary for the occurrence of lichen amyloidosus. PMID:15245530

  7. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia: report of a lesion mimicking soft tissue tumor of extremely long duration.

    PubMed

    Tóth, E; Orosz, Z; Rahóty, P

    2000-01-01

    We present a large sized lesion of the right upper arm in which characteristics of the angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) intermingled with those of Kimura's disease (KD). The laboratory findings, the prominent vascular proliferation and the features of endothelial cells were suggestive of ALHE. However, the long duration of the disease, the site of involvement, the abundant lymphoid component forming lymph follicles with germinal centers and the fibrosis are features of KD. In agreement with other reports, our case shows that clinicopathologically there is an overlap between ALHE and KD. PMID:10707366

  8. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia and Kimura's disease - a clinical and histopathological comparison.

    PubMed

    Buder, Kristina; Ruppert, Sabrina; Trautmann, Axel; Bröcker, Eva-Bettina; Goebeler, Matthias; Kerstan, Andreas

    2014-03-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a benign vascular neoplasm mainly affecting middle-aged women. Lesions typically affect the head and neck region. ALHE is considered a distinct disease entity different from Kimura's disease, a benign reactive lymphoid proliferation that is predominantly seen in young Asian men although it can affect all ethnic groups. In contrast to ALHE, Kimura's disease is typically associated with peripheral blood eosinophilia, increased serum IgE and lymphadenopathy. Several case reports suggest an overlap between ALHE and Kimura's disease. We review the current literature and discuss whether AHLE and Kimura's disease might represent two extreme variants of the same disease entity. PMID:24580875

  9. Intralesional radiofrequency ablation for nodular angiolymphoid hyperplasia on forehead: a minimally invasive approach.

    PubMed

    Singh, Saurabh; Dayal, Madhukar; Walia, Ritika; Arava, Sudheer; Sharma, Raju; Gupta, Somesh

    2014-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is an idiopathic acquired condition characterized by erythematous papulo-nodular lesions with a predilection for the head and neck. The lesions are cosmetically disfiguring, resistant to most medical and surgical therapies and tend to recur. We report the novel use of radiofrequency equipment in the management of nodular ALHE on forehead of a 53-year-old man. Intra-lesional radiofrequency ablation was done using a modified 18 gauge intravenous cannula and three sittings over a period of four years yielded cosmetically acceptable results with no recurrence and minimal side effects. PMID:25201842

  10. Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia Mimicking Multiple Cylindromas: A Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Ahmad, Sheikh Manzoor; Wani, Gh Mohiuddin; Khursheed, Bilquees; Qayoom, Seema

    2014-01-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare and idiopathic vascular disorder. It is characterized by red to brown papules and nodules, typically localized on the head and neck, particularly around the ear as singular or multiple lesions. Although ALHE is a benign disease, lesions are often persistent and difficult to eradicate. Young to middle age women are more commonly affected. The histological examination corresponds to a florid vascular proliferation with atypical endothelial cells surrounded by a lymphocytic and eosinophilic infiltrate. We describe an elderly male with multiple nodular lesions over the scalp mimicking cylindromas; the histological examination was consistent with ALHE. PMID:25071286

  11. Unilateral angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia involving the left arm and hand.

    PubMed

    Arnold, M; Geilen, C C; Coupland, S E; Krengel, S; Dippel, E; Spröder, J; Goerdt, S; Orfanos, C E

    1999-10-01

    A case report of recurrent angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) in an otherwise healthy 20-year-old female with manifestation of the disease limited to the left arm and hand is presented together with brief evaluation of the literature as well as the features distinguishing ALHE and Kimura's disease. Immunohistochemical investigations support the hypothesis that ALHE represents a reactive inflammatory lesion rather than a benign vascular neoplasm. A viral cause of ALHE (e.g., HHV8 or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)) could not be demonstrated. The recurrent nature of the disease is shown by this case, which also demonstrates the need for frequent medical and surgical management. PMID:10563499

  12. Technical aspects of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    PubMed

    Kim, Myong; Lee, Hahn-Ey; Oh, Seung-June

    2013-09-01

    Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a minimally invasive procedure and a size-independent treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia with excellent long-term surgical outcome. HoLEP has become an alternative to conventional transurethral resection of the prostate or open prostatectomy owing to its efficacy and safety. Although HoLEP is known to have a steep learning curve, very few articles have addressed the technical aspects of HoLEP. Herein, we described detailed techniques and tips for HoLEP as performed at Seoul National University Hospital in a step-by-step manner with extensive review of the literature. PMID:24044089

  13. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate: a paradigm shift in benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery.

    PubMed

    Aho, Tevita F

    2013-10-01

    Holmium laser enucleation (HoLEP) was developed in the 1990s as a more efficient and cost effective method of benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery than laser vaporization and resection techniques. As a true anatomical enucleation it mimics open prostatectomy and is as durable. There is a significant body of level 1 evidence in support of HoLEP, including 2 meta-analyses and 14 randomized trials which compare HoLEP with a number of other procedures. This review describes the development of and summarizes the evidence for HoLEP. PMID:24082919

  14. Prenatal treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia: report of a new case.

    PubMed

    Loeuille, G A; David, M; Forest, M G

    1990-01-01

    A mother at risk for 21-hydroxylase deficiency was treated with oral dexamethasone (0.5 mg 12 hourly) from early pregnancy, in an attempt to prevent in utero virilization in case of a female fetus. Fetal karyotype was 46,XX, and because of a possible intra HLA recombination, treatment was continued to term. The newborn had a modest virilization and hormonal studies confirmed the diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). This observation and review of the literature suggest that efficient prenatal treatment of CAH requires a higher and more frequent dosage of dexamethasone. PMID:2406146

  15. Segment-specific association between cervical pillar hyperplasia (CPH) and degenerative joint disease (DJD)

    PubMed Central

    Stupar, Maja; Peterson, Cynthia K

    2006-01-01

    Background Cervical pillar hyperplasia (CPH) is a recently described phenomenon of unknown etiology and clinical significance. Global assessment of pillar hyperplasia of the cervical spine as a unit has not shown a relationship with degenerative joint disease, but a more sensible explanation of the architectural influence of CPH on cervical spine biomechanics may be segment-specific. Objective The objective of this study was to determine the level of association between degenerative joint disease (DJD) and cervical pillar hyperplasia (CPH) in an age- and gender-matched sample on a [cervical spine] by-level basis. Research Methods Two-hundred and forty radiographs were collected from subjects ranging in age between 40 and 69 years. The two primary outcome measures used in the study were the segmental presence/absence of cervical pillar hyperplasia from C3 to C6, and segment-specific presence/absence of degenerative joint disease from C1 to C7. Contingency Coefficients, at the 5% level of significance, at each level, were used to determine the strength of the association between CPH and DJD. Odds Ratios (OR) with their 95% Confidence Intervals (95% CI) were also calculated at each level to assess the strength of the association. Results Our study suggests that an approximately two-to-one odds, or a weak-to-moderate correlation, exists at C4 and C5 CPH and adjacent level degenerative disc disease (DDD); with the strongest (overall) associations demonstrated between C4 CPH and C4–5 DDD and between C5 CPH and C5–6 DDD. Age-stratified results demonstrated a similar pattern of association, even reaching the initially hypothesized OR ? 5.0 (95% CI > 1.0) or "moderately-strong correlation of C ? .4 (p ? .05)" in some age categories, including the 40–44, 50–59, and 60–64 years of age subgroups; these ORs were as follows: OR = 5.5 (95% CI 1.39–21.59); OR = 6.7 (95% CI 1.65–27.34); and OR = 5.3 (95% CI 1.35–21.14), respectively. Conclusion Our results suggest that CPH has around two-to-one odds, that is, only a weak-to-moderate association with the presence of DJD (DDD component) at specific cervical spine levels; therefore, CPH may be but one of several factors that contributes (to a clinically important degree) to the development of DJD at specific levels in the cervical spine. PMID:16970812

  16. Interstitial laser coagulation of benign prostatic hyperplasia: a minimally invasive treatment alternative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ordonez, Robert F.; Mittemeyer, Bernhard T.; Aronoff, David R.; de Riese, Werner T. W.

    2003-06-01

    The use of minimally invasive treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) have been introduced into the medical community. Over the last decade several minimally invasive treatment techniques have been approved for use. In particular, interstitial laser coagulation (ILC) has shown pomise as an alternative to the current gold standard, transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). Studies show ILC to have equal efficacy as TURP while causing less side effects. Future technical advances as well as increased physician experience with ILC could lead to the replacement of TURP as the gold standard in trestment of BPH.

  17. Hyperplasia in the spinal sensory system of the frog. II. Central and peripheral connectivity patterns.

    PubMed

    Davis, M R; Constantine-Paton, M

    1983-12-20

    Central and peripheral connectivity patterns of hyperplastic dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) in Rana pipiens are examined in order to determine the relative roles of peripheral and central contacts in the production of DRG hyperplasias. The hyperplasias are produced in the intact hindlimb DRGs after the removal in tadpoles and young postmetamorphic frogs of neighboring DRGs (Davis and Constantine-Paton, '83). The peripheral target zones of the hyperplastic DRGs, determined by physiological recordings of sensory receptive fields, are found to undergo a significant degree of expansion relative to controls. Peripheral expansion is most pronounced in caudalmost DRG 10, and this effect occurs in experimental animals operated during larval and postmetamorphic stages. Further, anatomical labelling of peripheral sensory fibers coursing to the hindlimb reveals that the hyperplastic DRG 10 actually contains additional fibers projecting to the denervated regions. The central projection of the hyperplastic DRG 10 does not show corresponding increases in longitudinal arborization after the application of horseradish peroxidase to the appropriate dorsal roots. These observations are made on some of the same experimental animals in which peripheral fields are shown to have vastly expanded. We conclude that the peripheral processes of the hyperplastic DRGs are less rigidly specified than the central terminations, and that it is the periphery which plays the primary role in controlling the cell numbers increases. A second aim of this investigation is to identify whether sexually dimorphic connectivity patterns in normal frogs explain the production of DRG 10 hyperplasias exclusively in male experimental animals (Davis and Constantine-Paton, '83). We apply the same techniques used in our connectivity studies of hyperplastic DRGs to the investigation of connectivity patterns of DRG 10s in normal males and females. No sex-dependent differences in peripheral and central connectivity are found. Thus, since normal male and female frogs possess an equivalent amount of target space for DRG 10, the unique production of hyperplasias in male experimental animals cannot be explained solely on the basis of connectivity. We speculate on what other factors may be involved. PMID:6607270

  18. Concurrence of Meningomyelocele and Salt-Wasting Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency.

    PubMed

    K?rm?z?bekmez, Heves; Yesiltepe Mutlu, Rahime Gül; Moral?o?lu, Serdar; Tellio?lu, Ahmet; Cerrah Celayir, Ay?enur

    2015-01-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of inherited defects of cortisol biosynthesis. A case of classical CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) with early onset of salt waste and concurrence of meningomyelocele (MMC) was presented here. The management of salt-wasting crisis which is complicated by a postrenal dysfunction due to neurogenic bladder was described. Possible reasons of growth retardation in the one-year follow-up period were discussed. A significant regression of the phallus with proper medical treatment was also mentioned. PMID:25685584

  19. Concurrence of Meningomyelocele and Salt-Wasting Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency

    PubMed Central

    K?rm?z?bekmez, Heves; Yesiltepe Mutlu, Rahime Gül; Moral?o?lu, Serdar; Tellio?lu, Ahmet; Cerrah Celayir, Ay?enur

    2015-01-01

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of inherited defects of cortisol biosynthesis. A case of classical CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) with early onset of salt waste and concurrence of meningomyelocele (MMC) was presented here. The management of salt-wasting crisis which is complicated by a postrenal dysfunction due to neurogenic bladder was described. Possible reasons of growth retardation in the one-year follow-up period were discussed. A significant regression of the phallus with proper medical treatment was also mentioned. PMID:25685584

  20. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia related portal hypertension in a patient with hypogammaglobulinaemia

    PubMed Central

    Lal, Barun Kumar; Stanley, Adrian

    2013-01-01

    Nodular regenerative hyperplasia (NRH) of liver is a relatively rare liver disorder, but a frequent cause of noncirrhotic portal hypertension. We present a lady with common variable immune deficiency who presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and deranged liver function tests but preserved synthetic function. Upper gastrointestinal endoscope showed bleeding gastric varices and non-bleeding oesophageal varices. Although her oesophageal varices were eradicated by repeated endoscopic band ligation, the gastric varices failed to resolve after repeated endoscopic histocryl injection and she eventually needed transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement. Liver biopsy showed NRH. We review the association of hypogammaglobinaemia and NRH and discuss the appropriate management of portal hypertension in NRH. PMID:23801845

  1. Technical Aspects of Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Myong; Lee, Hahn-Ey

    2013-01-01

    Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a minimally invasive procedure and a size-independent treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia with excellent long-term surgical outcome. HoLEP has become an alternative to conventional transurethral resection of the prostate or open prostatectomy owing to its efficacy and safety. Although HoLEP is known to have a steep learning curve, very few articles have addressed the technical aspects of HoLEP. Herein, we described detailed techniques and tips for HoLEP as performed at Seoul National University Hospital in a step-by-step manner with extensive review of the literature. PMID:24044089

  2. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate: a paradigm shift in benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Holmium laser enucleation (HoLEP) was developed in the 1990s as a more efficient and cost effective method of benign prostatic hyperplasia surgery than laser vaporization and resection techniques. As a true anatomical enucleation it mimics open prostatectomy and is as durable. There is a significant body of level 1 evidence in support of HoLEP, including 2 meta-analyses and 14 randomized trials which compare HoLEP with a number of other procedures. This review describes the development of and summarizes the evidence for HoLEP. PMID:24082919

  3. Two cases with nickel-induced oral mucosal hyperplasia: a rare clinical form of allergic contact stomatitis?

    PubMed

    Özkaya, Esen; Babuna, Goncagül

    2011-01-01

    Allergic contact stomatitis (ACS) can occur with variable clinical presentations such as erythematous, erosive, and lichenoid forms. Burning mouth symptoms may also be a result of allergic contact stomatitis. Additionally, gingival hyperplasia has been reported in exceptional cases of ACS caused by dental metals. Here, two rare cases are presented of nickel-induced oral mucosal hyperplasia with gingival and upper palatal involvement from metal-porcelain crowns and metal-acrylic upper denture, respectively. In both cases the diagnosis was made on the basis of the positive patch test results to nickel sulfate and the regression of the lesions after removing the nickel containing dental materials. Nickel-induced ACS should be borne in mind in every case of oral mucosal hyperplasia appearing after dental procedures, especially in the presence of previous allergies and sensitization risks such as ear piercing. It might be further suggested to include this variant within the clinical forms of ACS. PMID:21426878

  4. The effectiveness of a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) in the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia—A long-term follow-up study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rajesh Varma; Hemi Soneja; Kalsang Bhatia; Raji Ganesan; Terence Rollason; T. Justin Clark; Janesh K. Gupta

    2008-01-01

    ObjectivesMedical treatment of non-atypical endometrial hyperplasia with oral progestogens has limited efficacy and poor compliance. A levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) has been shown to successfully treat hyperplasia in small-sized studies. Our aim was to examine the effectiveness of LNG-IUS in a larger study with long-term follow up.

  5. Diffuse nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of the gastrointestinal tract in patient with selective immunoglobulin A deficiency and sarcoid-like syndrome--case report.

    PubMed

    Pia?cik, M; Rydzewska, G; Pawlik, M; Milewski, J; Furmanek, M I; Wro?ska, E; Polkowski, M; Butruk, E

    2007-01-01

    Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia is uncommon in adult patients. Associated diseases are common variable immunodeficiency (CVI) and lymphoid tissue malignancies. In this case report we focus on clinical presentation and differential diagnosis of diffuse nodular lymphoid hyperplasia of the gastrointestinal tract coexisting with selective immunoglobulin A deficiency and sarcoid-like syndrome. PMID:18217437

  6. Prevention of intimal hyperplasia using short-period vascular heating without surrounding tissue injury: in vitro/in vivo experiments and thermal conduction calculation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Suga, Eriko; Kaneko, Kenji; Futami, Hikaru; Yamashita, Erika; Arai, Tsunenori

    2005-04-01

    We have been proposed novel short-term (<10s) heating balloon using the combination of light-heat conversion mechanism and heated contrast medium irrigation in the balloon to improve dilatation characteristics of balloon angioplasty. Our new balloon angioplasty had suppressed intimal hyperplasia in rabbit model. We designed following experiments to understand the mechanism of suppression of intimal hyperplasia in our new thermal balloon angioplasty. We also aimed to obtain the suitable heating condition in our angioplasty to suppress intimal hyperplasia. We studied influence of the short-term heating on smooth muscle cells (SMCs) lethality in vitro. We investigated number of SMCs reduction in media in order to prevent intimal hyperplasia. We applied to our heating balloon dilatation to chronic rabbit model using normal iliac artery to study relation between heating condition and hyperplasia suppression. We estimated temperature history of the rabbit vascular wall by thermal conduction calculation. We related the estimated temperature history to the hyperplasia suppression effect in the chronic rabbit model. Finally, we obtained the relation between number of SMCs decreases and intimal hyperplasia suppression. We obtained that the short-term heating with 10s laser irradiation corresponding to estimated temperature of 50°C in the media and prevented intimal hyperplasia in the rabbit chronic model. In this case, we estimated about 30 percents of SMCs cellular lethality in media.

  7. Habitat Suitability Index Models: Beaver

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Allen, Arthur W.

    1982-01-01

    Habitat preferences of the beaver (Castor canadensis) are described in this publication, which is one of a series of Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) models. Habitat use information is presented in a synthesis of the literature on the species-habitat requirements of the beaver, followed by the development of the HSI model. The model is designed to provide information for use in impact assessment and habitat management activities, and should be used in conjunction with habitat evaluation procedures previously developed by the Fish and Wildlife Service. This revised model updates the original publication dated September 1982.

  8. Acroangiodermatitis (pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma) associated with verrucous hyperplasia induced by suction-socket lower limb prosthesis.

    PubMed

    Sbano, Paolo; Miracco, Clelia; Risulo, Massimiliano; Fimiani, Michele

    2005-07-01

    Increasing use of suction-socket lower limb prostheses has been associated with an increased frequency of dermatological manifestations, linked to the fact that the skin of the amputation stump must adapt to an entirely new environment. In particular, verrucous hyperplasia and rare cases of acroangiodermatitis (pseudo-Kaposi sarcoma) have been described. We report a case of amputation stump dermatitis, clinically resembling verrucous hyperplasia, but with predominant histological aspects of acroangiodermatitis in a patient with a suction-socket lower limb prosthesis. PMID:15953377

  9. Nanostructured systems containing babassu (Orbignya speciosa) oil as a potential alternative therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    de Sousa, Valeria Pereira; Crean, Joanne; de Almeida Borges, Vinícius Raphael; Rodrigues, Carlos Rangel; Tajber, Lidia; Boylan, Fabio; Cabral, Lucio Mendes

    2013-01-01

    The oil of babassu tree nuts (Orbignya speciosa) is a potential alternative for treatment and prophylaxis of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Improved results can be obtained by drug vectorization to the hyperplastic tissue. The main objective of this work was the preparation and characterization of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticle and clay nanosystems containing babassu oil (BBS). BBS was extracted from the kernels of babassu tree nuts and characterized by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as well as 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance. BBS-clay nanosystems were obtained by adding polyvinylpyrrolidone, Viscogel B8®, and BBS at a 2:1:1 mass ratio and characterized by X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and laser diffraction. The PLGA-BBS nanoparticles were prepared by the precipitation-solvent evaporation method. Mean diameter, polydispersity, zeta potential, and scanning electron microscopic images of the nanosystems were analyzed. Thermogravimetric analysis showed successful formation of the nanocomposite. PLGA nanoparticles containing BBS were obtained, with a suitable size that was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. Both nanostructured systems showed active incorporation yields exceeding 90%. The two systems obtained represent a new and potentially efficient therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia. PMID:23990721

  10. Epithelioid hemangioma (angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia) of the orbit: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Fernandes, Bruno F; Al-Mujaini, Abdullah; Petrogiannis-Haliotis, Tina; Al-Kandari, Abdullah; Arthurs, Bryan; Burnier, Miguel N

    2007-01-01

    Background Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) and Kimura's Disease (KD) share many clinical and histopathological features. Although they were once considered different stages of the same disease, they are now known to represent separate entities. Recently, ALHE is being called epithelioid hemangioma (EH), a term that better describes the possible neoplastic nature of the entity. Case Presentation An eighteen year-old Asian female presented with a three-month history of fluctuating swelling and ptosis of the left upper eyelid. Computed tomography disclosed a distinct homogeneous lesion in the left superior orbit, molding to the globe and other orbital structures. At histopathological evaluation the lesion was composed of numerous blood vessels lined by plump endothelial cells with oval nuclei protruding into the lumen. Surrounding the vessels, there was a chronic inflammatory infiltrate with a large proportion of eosinophils. Based on clinical and histopathological findings, the diagnosis of EH was made. Conclusion Although exams like blood count, urinalysis and whole body scans can assist in the differential diagnosis, EH can be diagnosed and differentiated from KD on histopathological grounds. The presence of vascular hyperplasia with plump endothelial cells protruding into the lumen is the most important discriminator in establishing the diagnosis of EH. Such distinction is crucial for the patient because EH is not associated with any of the systemic manifestations present in KD. PMID:17592625

  11. Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia developing on an antecedent welding burn: a case report.

    PubMed

    Tseng, Hui-Wen; Chien, Sou-Hsin; Wu, Chieh-Shan; Tseng, Hui-Hwa; Tseng, Chih-En

    2010-05-01

    Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) describes a group of benign anomalous vascular hyperplasias which consist of epithelioid-like endothelial cells attached to dilated blood vessels, and infiltration of inflammatory cells, predominantly lymphocytes and some eosinophils. Here, we describe a healthy 34-year-old man, who had 10 well-defined, non-tender, red-to-brownish papules and subcutaneous nodules of 0.3-1.0 cm in diameter on his left forearm. The lesions started to appear about 4 months after an earlier electric welding rod burn had healed. The histopathologic diagnosis of the lesions was ALHE. Because the new lesions developed progressively and malignancy could not be excluded, the patient underwent a wide elliptical excision and received a split-thickness skin graft from his left thigh. His postoperative recovery was successful and has showed no evidence of recurrence after 5 years of follow-up. The forearm is an unusual site for ALHE; the antecedent burn was the key trigger for ALHE onset in this case. PMID:20466338

  12. Focal nodular hyperplasia coexistent with hepatoblastoma in a 36-d-old infant

    PubMed Central

    Gong, Ying; Chen, Lian; Qiao, Zhong-Wei; Ma, Yang-Yang

    2015-01-01

    Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a benign hepatic tumor characterized by hepatocyte hyperplasia and a central stellate scar. The association of FNH with other hepatic lesions, such as adenomas, hemangiomas and hepatocellular carcinoma, has been previously reported, but FNH associated with another hepatic tumor is rare in infants. Here we report a case of FNH coexistent with hepatoblastoma in a 36-d-old girl. Computed tomography (CT) imaging showed an ill-delineated, inhomogeneous enhanced mass with a central star-like scar in the right lobe of the liver. The tumor showed early mild enhancement at the arterial phase (from 40HU without contrast to 52HU at the arterial phase), intense enhancement at the portal phase (87.7HU) and 98.1HU in the 3-min delay scan. A central scar in the tumor presented as low density on non-contrast CT and slightly enhanced at delayed contrast-enhanced scanning. This infant underwent surgical resection of the tumor. Histopathology demonstrated typical FNH coexistent with a focal hepatoblastoma, which showed epithelioid tumor cells separated by proliferated fibrous tissue. PMID:25624742

  13. Steroid-responsive atypical marginal zone hyperplasia of the lip in a child.

    PubMed

    Sedrak, Michael; Muthukumar, Akila; Elghetany, M Tarek; Qian, You-Wen

    2015-04-01

    Atypical marginal zone hyperplasia (AMZH) is a recently described disease entity seen mainly in children. AMZH most commonly affects tonsils and appendices. Cutaneous AMZH is rare. The authors report here a recurrent AMZH in the lip of a 9-year-old child who presented originally with a lip swelling for approximately 3 months. The lip lesion recurred after each incomplete excision for 4 times. Pathologically, the lesion demonstrated marginal zone B-cell hyperplasia with kappa monoclonality by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry studies. Lymphoepithelial lesions were noted with involvement of minor salivary glands. Polymerase chain reaction for immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene rearrangement has been repeatedly negative. Polymerase chain reaction for Borrelia species DNA was negative on both paraffin-embedded tissue and plasma. Serum antibodies IgG and IgM for Helicobacter Pylori were positive. A diagnosis of AMZH was made. Two courses of anti H. Pylori therapy did not improve the lip lesion, which completely regressed after a course of prednisone therapy. With differential diagnosis of cutaneous marginal zone lymphoma, the case illustrated diagnostic challenges, especially with recurrent lesions. This is the first case of recurrent cutaneous AMZH that has uncharacteristic kappa light-chain restriction. AMZH should be considered in children with mucocutaneous lesions with features of marginal zone lymphoma. PMID:25794373

  14. Holmium laser for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: old wine in a new bottle?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nelius, Thomas; de Riese, Werner T. W.

    2003-06-01

    Urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia affect 70% of men older than 70 years. Complications are common problems and a significant cause of morbidity in this population, placing a considerable burden on health services. In the early 1990s laser treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia became widely used after the introduction of the side-firing neodym: YAG laser. However, because of technical limitations and inferior results compared to classical transurethral resection of the prostate many Urologists became desinterested in this device. With the introduction of the holmium: YAG laser a new laser generation became available for use in Urology. Beside several other applications the holmium: YAG laser can be used for incision, ablation, resection, and more recently enucleation of the prostate. In this paper we reviewed the current literature regarding the holmium: YAG laser resection and enucleation of the prostate compared to transurethral resection of the prostate and open prostatectomy. The holmium: YAG laser technique is an effective and durable surgical alternative to standard transurethral resection of the prostate. Interestingly, enucleation of the prostate with this device seems to be a safe and effective procedure for large prostatic adenomas, it may become an attractive alternative to open prostatectomy.

  15. Neutrophil-lymphocyte and platelet-lymphocyte ratios in endometrial hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Gulucu, Selim; Aliyev, Nurlan; Ozsoy, Zeki; Nacar, Mehmet; Koseoglu, Dogan

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of present study was to evaluate association between neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and endometrial hyperplasia (EH). Methods One hundred and ten women with abnormal uterine bleeding were included into the study. Blood samples were drawn from all patients to obtain complete blood cell counts, neutrophil-leukocyte ratio and platelet-leukocyte ratio before endometrial curettage procedure initiated. The patients were divided into three groups due to their pathological results: group 1, patients with EH without atypia (n=40); group 2, patients with EH with atypia (n=15); and group 3, patients with neither hyperplasia nor cancer as control group (n=55). Blood cell counts, NLRs and PLRs were compared among these groups. Results Based on hemoglobin and platelet counts, there was no significant difference among these groups (P>0.05). Leukocyte and neutrophil counts were higher in group 2 (EH with atypia) than group 1 and group 3 (P<0.01). NLR of group 2 was significantly elevated when compared to group 1 and group 3 (P=0.004). PLR was higher in group 1 and group 2 than control group (P=0.024). Conclusion Non-specific inflammatory markers such as NLR and PLR were elevated in women with atypical EH. These markers may be used as a predictor of atypical EH in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding.

  16. A GRHL3-regulated repair pathway suppresses immune-mediated epidermal hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Gordon, William M.; Zeller, Michael D.; Klein, Rachel H.; Swindell, William R.; Ho, Hsiang; Espetia, Francisco; Gudjonsson, Johann E.; Baldi, Pierre F.; Andersen, Bogi

    2014-01-01

    Dermal infiltration of T cells is an important step in the onset and progression of immune-mediated skin diseases such as psoriasis; however, it is not known whether epidermal factors play a primary role in the development of these diseases. Here, we determined that the prodifferentiation transcription factor grainyhead-like 3 (GRHL3), which is essential during epidermal development, is dispensable for adult skin homeostasis, but required for barrier repair after adult epidermal injury. Consistent with activation of a GRHL3-regulated repair pathway in psoriasis, we found that GRHL3 is upregulated in lesional skin and binds known epidermal differentiation gene targets. Using an imiquimod-induced model of immune-mediated epidermal hyperplasia, we found that mice lacking GRHL3 have an exacerbated epidermal damage response, greater sensitivity to disease induction, delayed resolution of epidermal lesions, and resistance to anti–IL-22 therapy compared with WT animals. ChIP-Seq and gene expression profiling of murine skin revealed that while GRHL3 regulates differentiation pathways both during development and during repair from immune-mediated damage, it targets distinct sets of genes in the 2 processes. In particular, GRHL3 suppressed a number of alarmin and other proinflammatory genes after immune injury. This study identifies a GRHL3-regulated epidermal barrier repair pathway that suppresses disease initiation and helps resolve existing lesions in immune-mediated epidermal hyperplasia. PMID:25347468

  17. Abnormal liver function in common variable immunodeficiency disorders due to nodular regenerative hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Ward, C; Lucas, M; Piris, J; Collier, J; Chapel, H

    2008-01-01

    Patients with common variable immunodeficiency disorders are monitored for liver function test abnormalities. A proportion of patients develop deranged liver function and some also develop hepatomegaly. We investigated the prevalence of abnormalities and types of liver disease, aiming to identify those at risk and determine outcomes. The local primary immunodeficiency database was searched for patients with a common variable immunodeficiency disorder and abnormal liver function and/or a liver biopsy. Patterns of liver dysfunction were determined and biopsies reviewed. A total of 47 of 108 patients had deranged liver function, most commonly raised alkaline phosphatase levels. Twenty-three patients had liver biopsies. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia was found in 13 of 16 with unexplained pathology. These patients were more likely to have other disease-related complications of common variable immunodeficiency disorders, in particular non-coeliac (gluten insensitive) lymphocytic enteropathy. However, five had no symptoms of liver disease and only one died of liver complications. Nodular regenerative hyperplasia is a common complication of common variable immunodeficiency disorders but was rarely complicated by portal hypertension. PMID:18647320

  18. Clinical significance of mismatch repair genes immunohistochemical expression of complex endometrial hyperplasia

    PubMed Central

    Han, Su Jin

    2015-01-01

    Objective Women with Lynch syndrome have an increased risk of developing colorectal and gynecologic malignancies such as endometrial cancer. Complex hyperplasia has about a 30% risk of developing into endometrial cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the genetic risk for developing endometrial cancer by immunohistochemical staining of premalignant lesions for mutL homolog 1, mutS homolog 2, mutS homolog 6, and postmeiotic segregation increased 2. Methods Twenty cases (n=20) were selected from among patients with available sample blocks for analysis. Clinical information was obtained from medical chart review. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for all of the tumor blocks. Staining was scored based on the intensity (intensity score 0-3) . Results Among the 20 cases of complex endometrial hyperplasia, 11 (55%) patients showed loss of expression of at least one of the following proteins: mutL homolog 1, mutS homolog 2, mutS homolog 6, or postmeiotic segregation increased 2. Seven (35%) patients were negative for the expression of two or more proteins, and one patient (5%) was negative for the expression of all four proteins. Conclusion More than half of the patients showed loss of expression of at least one mismatch repair protein in our study population. Genetic risk counseling and further tests are recommended for these patients. PMID:25798423

  19. Ameliorative effects of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) on testosterone-induced prostatic hyperplasia in rats.

    PubMed

    Nahata, A; Dixit, V K

    2012-05-01

    The present study investigated the effects of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.) (UD) on benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) induced by testosterone. In vitro studies were conducted to assess the 5?-reductase inhibitory potential of UD. Two biochemical markers viz., ?-sitosterol and scopoletin, were isolated and characterised in the extracts utilising High-performance thin layer chromatographic, FTIR, NMR and overlain UV spectral studies. Hyperplasia was induced in rats by subcutaneous administration of testosterone (3 mg kg(-1) s.c.) for 28 days in all the groups except the vehicle-treated group. Simultaneous administration of petroleum ether and ethanolic extracts (10, 20 and 50 mg kg(-1) p.o.) and isolated ?-sitosterol (10 and 20 mg kg(-1) p.o.) was undertaken. Finasteride was used as a positive control (1 mg kg(-1) p.o.). Measurement of prostate/body weight ratio, weekly urine output and serum testosterone levels, prostate-specific antigen levels (on day 28) and histological examinations carried out on prostates from each group led us to conclude that UD can be used as an effective drug for the management of BPH. PMID:21806658

  20. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the treatment of non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11-hydroxylase deficiency

    PubMed Central

    Kalani, Amir; Thomas, Nithin; Sacerdote, Alan; Bahtiyar, Gül

    2013-01-01

    Non-classic adrenal hyperplasia (NCAH) has been associated with insulin resistance (IR). Therapies such as metformin, thiazolidinediones and lifestyle alterations improve IR and also ameliorate the biochemical and clinical abnormalities of NCAH, much as they do in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). More recently, bariatric surgery, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), has also been associated with improvement in IR and amelioration of PCOS and may, therefore, be beneficial in NCAH. We report a case of a 39-year-old, deaf-mute, obese woman with NCAH due to 11-hydroxylase deficiency who underwent RYGBP followed by improvement of NCAH manifestations. She was initially treated with metformin and pioglitazone, which lowered serum 11-deoxycortisol from 198?ng/dl (<51) to 26?ng/dl. Five weeks after undergoing RYGBP her body mass index fell from 44.18?kg/m2 to 39.54?kg/m2 and, despite not taking metformin or pioglitazone, serum 11-deoxycortisol remained normal at <40?ng/dl. Concurrently and subsequently, her NCAH symptoms, for example, alopecia, hirsutism and irregular menses normalised as well. We conclude that RYGBP, like other interventions that reduce IR, may be another way of treating non-classic 11-hydroxylase deficiency in selected patients. PMID:23513016