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Digital library access via image similarity search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary from only given. We present an image library with similarity-based searching and novel browsing structures and a news video library with content-based search and summarisation features. Our approach puts the traditional library search via textual meta-data upside down by allowing access to collections through browsing and search of images that may come as part of a multimedia document. We

D. Heesch; M. J. Pickering; P. Howarth; A. Yavlinsky; S. Ruger



Public Health Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Public Health Image Library (PHIL) offered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is an extensive collection of images and multimedia files related to public health. If you've ever wanted to see the life cycle of a hookworm or pictures of anthrax lesions, you can see them here. The site can be searched by category, keyword, or image id number, and although the Java-based search engine is a bit cumbersome, spending several hours here will be easy. Often graphic, many of the images are of diseased organs and microscopic slides. Educators, researchers, and professionals should find this site interesting.



Public Health Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Public Health Image Library (PHIL) offered by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is an extensive collection of images and multimedia files related to public health. If you've ever wanted to see the life cycle of a hookworm or pictures of anthrax lesions, you can see them here. The site can be searched by category, keyword, or image id number, and although the Java-based search engine is a bit cumbersome, spending several hours here will be easy. Often graphic, many of the images are of diseased organs and microscopic slides. Educators, researchers, and professionals should find this site interesting.



Image-analysis library  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MATHPAC image-analysis library is collection of general-purpose mathematical and statistical routines and special-purpose data-analysis and pattern-recognition routines for image analysis. MATHPAC library consists of Linear Algebra, Optimization, Statistical-Summary, Densities and Distribution, Regression, and Statistical-Test packages.



Planetary Image Geometry Library  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Planetary Image Geometry (PIG) library is a multi-mission library used for projecting images (EDRs, or Experiment Data Records) and managing their geometry for in-situ missions. A collection of models describes cameras and their articulation, allowing application programs such as mosaickers, terrain generators, and pointing correction tools to be written in a multi-mission manner, without any knowledge of parameters specific to the supported missions. Camera model objects allow transformation of image coordinates to and from view vectors in XYZ space. Pointing models, specific to each mission, describe how to orient the camera models based on telemetry or other information. Surface models describe the surface in general terms. Coordinate system objects manage the various coordinate systems involved in most missions. File objects manage access to metadata (labels, including telemetry information) in the input EDRs and RDRs (Reduced Data Records). Label models manage metadata information in output files. Site objects keep track of different locations where the spacecraft might be at a given time. Radiometry models allow correction of radiometry for an image. Mission objects contain basic mission parameters. Pointing adjustment ("nav") files allow pointing to be corrected. The object-oriented structure (C++) makes it easy to subclass just the pieces of the library that are truly mission-specific. Typically, this involves just the pointing model and coordinate systems, and parts of the file model. Once the library was developed (initially for Mars Polar Lander, MPL), adding new missions ranged from two days to a few months, resulting in significant cost savings as compared to rewriting all the application programs for each mission. Currently supported missions include Mars Pathfinder (MPF), MPL, Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Phoenix, and Mars Science Lab (MSL). Applications based on this library create the majority of operational image RDRs for those missions. A Java wrapper around the library allows parts of it to be used from Java code (via a native JNI interface). Future conversions of all or part of the library to Java are contemplated.

Deen, Robert C.; Pariser, Oleg



Anatomical Sciences Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you're hoping to learn about everything from the femoral artery to the phalanges, this image library collection can get the job done. The American Association of Anatomists (AAA) has created this collection of links to high-quality resources that cover five topical areas, including the brain, histology, and development. Each area has at least six links, but the centerpiece is the anatomy area, with 15 resources in total. The development area is quite fine as well; links include a multi-dimensional human embryo and the e-Mouse Atlas Project, "a detailed model of the developing mouse."


Image analysis library software development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Image Analysis Library consists of a collection of general purpose mathematical/statistical routines and special purpose data analysis/pattern recognition routines basic to the development of image analysis techniques for support of current and future Earth Resources Programs. Work was done to provide a collection of computer routines and associated documentation which form a part of the Image Analysis Library.

Guseman, L. F., Jr.; Bryant, J.



The North Carolina State University Libraries Search Experience: Usability Testing Tabbed Search Interfaces for Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating a learnable, effective, and user-friendly library Web site hinges on providing easy access to search. Designing a search interface for academic libraries can be particularly challenging given the complexity and range of searchable library collections, such as bibliographic databases, electronic journals, and article search silos. Library

Teague-Rector, Susan; Ballard, Angela; Pauley, Susan K.



Library OneSearch: User Guide (v1.6) 2 Overview: Library OneSearch ..........................................................................3  

E-print Network

#12;Library OneSearch: User Guide (v1.6) 2 Contents Overview: Library OneSearch ..........................................................................3 Accessing Library OneSearch ............................................................................. 3 Why use Library One

Evans, Paul


NIAID Biodefense Image Library  


... if you use them, we ask that you credit the source. To obtain permission for WHO images, ... the exact spot where he applied the vaccine. Credit: University of Rochester School of Medicine Smallpox Vaccination ...


PHDIL: Philadelphia Historical Digital Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A collaborative project by Thomas Jefferson University and the Pennsylvania Historical Society, the Philadelphia Historical Digital Image Library (PHDIL) consists of almost 3,000 pictures. Thomas Jefferson University, founded in 1824, is the oldest private medical school in the country, and the images in PHDIL come from its Scott Memorial Library, providing visual images related to the study of medicine -- portraits of alumni, faculty, and trustees; scenes from hospitals; views of anatomy labs; nurses at work; and medical society and class portraits. The Pennsylvania Historical Society was also founded in 1824, and the images that it has contributed to PHDIL document Philadelphia history and complement those from Thomas Jefferson University, including views of hospitals from newspapers and commercial photographers, as well as scenes of everyday life in Philadelphia at the turn of the century. An additional highlight is a large number of Benjamin Ridgeway Evans watercolor drawings of Philadelphia buildings and streetscapes dated between 1859 and 1885. Drop down menus at the search interface permit users to view pictures by selecting from a list of the subjects covered in PHDIL (choosing "hospitals" retrieves 861 hits), and also by type (carte de visite, drawing, cityscape, lithograph, etc.), creator or donor name, event, or date.



Access Digital Library, Search, News and more  

E-print Network

[General] Access Digital Library, Search, News and more [Education] Access MyCourses contentLinks, weather and more eCommons standard portals [Research] tab includes one-click access to 1,800 journalsLinks and view weather, news and events. eCommons Organizations Departments can create and maintain their own

Goodrich, Lisa V.


Using Query Mediators for Distributed Searching in Federated Digital Libraries  

E-print Network

1 Using Query Mediators for Distributed Searching in Federated Digital Libraries Naomi Dushay Dept an architecture and investigate the characteristics of distributed searching in federated digital libraries. We available search engines, routing queries to those search engines, and aggregating results. We examine

French, James C.


Evaluation of Federated Searching Options for the School Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three hosted federated search tools, Follett One Search, Gale PowerSearch Plus, and WebFeat Express, were configured and implemented in a school library. Databases from five vendors and the OPAC were systematically searched. Federated search results were compared with each other and to the results of the same searches in the database's native…

Abercrombie, Sarah E.



COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES "Columbia's Libraries are second to none. The online search  

E-print Network

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES "Columbia's Libraries are second to none. The online search the return on investment from an outstanding library system." --Steven Schinke, Professor Columbia University School of Social Work faculty guide to the columbia university libraries @YOUR SERVICE #12;Librarian

Salzman, Daniel


Predicting the Relevance of a Library Catalog Search.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes an operational definition of relevance for a Web-based library catalog. Proposes measures that characterize user behavior while searching a Web-based library catalog. Develops a methodology to predict when a user's search will be perceived to be relevant by the user. Tests the methodology with over 900,000 user search sessions with the…

Cooper, Michael D.; Chen, Hui-Min



Columbia Object Image Library (COIL20)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Columbia Object Image Library (COIL-20) is a database of gray-scale images of 20objects. The objects were placed on a motorized turntable against a black background.The turntable was rotated through 360 degrees to vary object pose with respect to a fixedcamera. Images of the objects were taken at pose intervals of 5 degrees. This correspondsto 72 images per object. The database

Sameer A. Nene; Shree K. Nayar; Hiroshi Murase



Federated Search and the Library Web Site: A Study of Association of Research Libraries Member Web Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate how federated search engines are incorporated into the Web sites of libraries in the Association of Research Libraries. In 2009, information was gathered for each library in the Association of Research Libraries with a federated search engine. This included the name of the federated search service and…

Williams, Sarah C.



ASCB Image and Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of high-quality, peer-reviewed still images and videos from the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) provides comprehensive coverage of the field of cell biology. The items are organized by topic: cell contact and extracellular matrix; cell division, growth, and death; cell regulation; cytoskeleton and cell dynamics; and others. There is also a collection of images and videos selected especially for teaching purposes. The images are searchable by keyword and collection. Each image or video is accompanied by metadata, including title, author, a description, image production materials and methods, references, and others. Cell biologists are also invited to submit images for publication on the site. The images and videos are available for downloading; videos may also be streamed from the site.


A Corporate Library's "Single Search Box" Solution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alcatel-Lucent has had an internal library website called InfoView since 1993. They always had pages for the various diverse resources they maintained for Alcatel-Lucent employees, such as books, serials, artifacts, market reports, and discounts. Each page had two search boxes: one for a "site" search on all pages and one searching the…

Waldstein, Robert



Search Engines Become Another Unit in Library Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A high school library media specialist advises teaching search engine skills by incorporating them into existing instructional units. Describes how search engines were introduced in an eighth-grade computer literacy class. Presents class activities, and provides tips for teachers. Includes addresses for eight search engines and three sites…

Talbot, Dixie



In Search of the Undergraduate Library (video)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the summer of 1984, evacuation of the Hodges Undergraduate Library, at the corner of Volunteer Boulevard and Andy Holt Avenue, was completed in order to build a new Hodges main library in that same location. Collections and services of the Undergraduate Library were split and moved into the ground floor of the Humanities & Sciences classroom building and (about

Dan Ream



Iowa State University Entomology Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Iowa State University's Department of Entomology hosts a gaggle of insect-related sites, among them the Entomology Image Library. Here, interested viewers may browse through many close-up, color images (and some MPEG animations) of beetles; lice; plant diseases and damage; butterflies, moths, and caterpillars; cicadas and leafhoppers; plants; flies and mosquitoes; ticks; grasshoppers and crickets; and true bugs. Each section provides several crisp images of insects (listed by common and scientific name), as well as images of insects feeding on crops. While the content is appropriate for students at all education levels (K-12 and up), this site may also be helpful to non-entomologist wildlife/ botanical researchers seeking common insect species identification tips, images of insects feeding, or images of severe herbivory.


Visualizing Document Classification: A Search Aid for the Digital Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses access to digital libraries on the World Wide Web via Web browsers and describes the design of a language-independent document classification system to help users of the Florida Center for Library Automation analyze search query results. Highlights include similarity scores, clustering, graphical representation of document similarity,…

Lieu, Yew-Huey; Dantzig, Paul; Sachs, Martin; Corey, James T.; Hinnebusch, Mark T.; Damashek, Marc; Cohen, Jonathan



ISee: perceptual features for image library navigation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To develop more satisfying image navigation systems, we need tools to construct a semantic bridge between the user and the database. In this paper we present an image indexing scheme and a query language, which allow the user to introduce a cognitive dimension to the search. At an abstract level, this approach consists of: 1) learning the natural language that humans speak to communicate their semantic experience of images, 2) understand the relationships between this language and objective measurable image attributes, and then 3) develop the corresponding feature extraction schemes. In our previous work we have conducted a number of subjective experiments in which we asked human subjects to group images, and then explain verbally why they did so. The results of this study indicated that part of the abstraction involved in image interpretation is often driven by semantic categories, which can be broken into more tangible semantic entities, i.e. objective semantic indicators. By analyzing our experimental data, we identified some candidate semantic categories (i.e. portraits, people, crowds, cityscapes, landscapes, etc.), discovered their underlying semantic indicators (i.e. skin, sky, water, object, etc.), and derived important low-level image descriptors accounting for our perception of these indicators. In our recent work we have used these findings to develop a set of image features that match the way humans communicate image meaning, and a semantic-friendly query language for browsing and searching diverse collections of images. We have implemented our approach into an Internet search engine, ISee, and tested it on a large number of images. The results we obtained are very promising.

Mojsilovic, Aleksandra; Gomes, Jose; Rogowitz, Bernice E.



A digital library for biomedical imaging on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional medical image management systems, such as picture and archiving communication systems, are based on specialized workstations and closed systems architecture. Internet technology is being explored for the efficient and cost-effective distribution of biomedical images. This article discusses new issues of a digital library for medical imaging, presents two different architectures for a Web-based medical imaging library, and illustrates their

Stephen T. C. Wong; Donny A. Tjandra



Butler University Irwin Library Images Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is mid-century modernism? Some might only be acquainted with it via the popular TV show, Mad Men, or others through well-known structures such as the World Trade Towers. Modernism sprang up all over the world from the 1950s to the 1970s, and one rather fine example can be found on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis. This most wonderful digital collection presents images and plans for the modernist Irwin Library, crafted by noted architect, Minoru Yamasaki. On the site, visitors can make their way through dozens of images that tell the story of this rather unique building, along with offering up images of Yamasaki at the dedication as well as students using the building for various activities, even studying.


Images1: Online Images from The National Library of Australia's Pictorial Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this site users can search and browse through 20,000 digital images selected from the roughly half million pictures in the Pictorial Collection of the National Library of Australia. Images1 includes portraits, photographs, paintings and prints related to the history of Australia. Three search methods are provided: Quick Search, a keyword search; Simple Search, to indicate where the search word should occur, such as Title, Subject, or Format; and Advanced Search for combining terms from several indexes. Those unfamiliar with Australian history can check the About page for information on the contents of Images1. Another very good way to approach the collection is to select the Browse Series Titles option, which produces a list of titles of the major groupings within the collection, and how many items each contains. For example, the Rex Nan Kivell collection is 3,000 pictures collected by Nan Kivell, a London art dealer, that document the early history and exploration of New Zealand and Australia.


Music-Notation Searching and Digital Libraries Donald Byrd  

E-print Network

Music-Notation Searching and Digital Libraries Donald Byrd CIIR, Department of Computer Science University of Massachusetts ABSTRACT Almost all work on music information retrieval to date has concentrated on music in the audio and event (normally MIDI) domains. However, music

Indiana University


World Wide Web Image Search Engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose the development of a world wide web image search engine that crawls the web collecting information about the images it finds, computes the appropriate image decompositions and indices, and stores this extracted infor- mation for searches based on image content. Indexing and searching images need not require solving the image under- standing problem. Instead, the general approach should

Stan Sclaroff



Beyond Text Queries and Ranked Lists: Faceted Search in Library Catalogs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the adoption of faceted search in a small number of academic libraries in 2006, faceted library catalogs have gained popularity in many academic and public libraries. This dissertation seeks to understand whether faceted search improves the interactions between searchers and library catalogs and to understand ways that facets are used in…

Niu, Xi



Hierarchical Queues: general description and implementation in MAMBA Image library  

E-print Network

of the watersheds and geodesic reconstructions algorithms based on these hierarchical queues. This libraryHierarchical Queues: general description and implementation in MAMBA Image library Nicolas BEUCHER such as watershed lines or geodesic reconstructions. The recent development of MAMBA, new morphological image

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Federated Search of Text-Based Digital Libraries in Hierarchical Peer-to-Peer Networks  

E-print Network

Federated Search of Text-Based Digital Libraries in Hierarchical Peer-to-Peer Networks Jie Lu very limited support for text-based federated search of digital libraries using relevance-based ranking merging for federated search of text-based digital libraries in hierarchical peer-to-peer networks

Callan, Jamie


Manually Classifying User Search Queries on an Academic Library Web Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Michigan Library wanted to learn more about the kinds of searches its users were conducting through the "one search" search box on the Library Web site. Library staff conducted two investigations. A preliminary investigation in 2011 involved the manual review of the 100 most frequently occurring queries conducted…

Chapman, Suzanne; Desai, Shevon; Hagedorn, Kat; Varnum, Ken; Mishra, Sonali; Piacentine, Julie



Music-Notation Searching and Digital Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Almost all work on music information retrieval to date has concentrated on music in the audio and event (normally MIDI) domains. However, music in the form of notation, especially Conventional Music Notation (CMN), is of much interest to musically trained persons, both amateurs and professionals, and searching CMN has great value for digital music…

Byrd, Donald


Searching for a New Way to Reach Patrons: A Search Engine Optimization Pilot Project at Binghamton University Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Search engine use is one of the most popular online activities. According to a recent OCLC report, nearly all students start their electronic research using a search engine instead of the library Web site. Instead of viewing search engines as competition, however, librarians at Binghamton University Libraries decided to employ search engine…

Rushton, Erin E.; Kelehan, Martha Daisy; Strong, Marcy A.



Spectral library searching and FTIR/FT-Raman spectroscopies: effects of resolution and search algorithms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Commercial infrared and Raman spectral libraries are generally only available at 16 cm-1 resolution by 8-bit ordinate precision. This is relatively low resolution compared to the typical spectrum acquired at 4 cm-1 by 16-bit precision. The low resolution format for libraries was selected to optimize library search speeds and reduce computer hardware requirements. Full 4 cm-1 spectral libraries offer a number of advantages including the positive identification of closely related compounds and greatly improved results when using spectral subtractions.

Fuller, Michael P.; Rosenthal, Robert J.



Fractal Image Process Based Image Comparison Search Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A search engine allows users to quickly obtain information from networks. Tradi- tional search engines can only search the data of modal characters. However, when us- ers obtain an image from a newspaper or magazine, they want to retrieve related infor- mation about this type of image through a search engine, traditional search engines are incapable of meeting their needs.

Kuang-fu Li; Tung-shou Chen; Kuei-hao Chen



Liverpool's Discovery: A University Library Applies a New Search Tool to Improve the User Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the University of Liverpool's arts and humanities library, which applies a new search tool to improve the user experience. In nearly every way imaginable, the Sydney Jones Library and the Harold Cohen Library--the university's two libraries that serve science, engineering, and medical students--support the lives of their…

Kenney, Brian



Semantically Enriching the Search System of a Music Digital Library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Traditional search systems are usually based on keywords, a very simple and convenient mechanism to express a need for information. This is the most popular way of searching the Web, although it is not always an easy task to accurately summarize a natural language query in a few keywords. Working with keywords means losing the context, which is the only thing that can help us deal with ambiguity. This is the biggest problem of keyword-based systems. Semantic Web technologies seem a perfect solution to this problem, since they make it possible to represent the semantics of a given domain. In this chapter, we present three projects, Harmos, Semusici and Cantiga, whose aim is to provide access to a music digital library. We will describe two search systems, a traditional one and a semantic one, developed in the context of these projects and compare them in terms of usability and effectiveness.

de Juan, Paloma; Iglesias, Carlos


Instantaneous mental image search with range queries  

E-print Network

Instantaneous mental image search with range queries on multiple region descriptors Julien Fauqueur Cambridge CB2 1PZ United Kingdom Email: #12;Instantaneous mental image search with range of Cambridge Department of Engineering Trumpington Street Cambridge CB2 1PZ Abstract The Mental Image Search

Fauqueur, Julien


University of Washington Libraries: Moving Image Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Once again, the University of Washington Digital Collections group has gone above and beyond the call of digital collection duty and service with this small, yet very satisfying, collection. This particular collection brings together 23 compelling short films that include home movies from the Seattle World's Fair in 1962, aerial views of the University campus in the post-World War II period, and footage of a group of Japanese Americans picnicking on Mt. Rainier in 1935. Visitors can browse through the entire collection by name, look around by subject heading, or perform a more sophisticated and nuanced search across the entire collection. That's not all, as the site also includes a handy film preservation manual titled "Low-Cost and No-Cost Suggestions To Care For Your Film". On a related note, visitors shouldn't leave the site without viewing a film of a motorcycle race from 1915 and the delightful images of farmers packing the world's largest box of apples in Yakima.


McMaster University Libraries 905.525.9140 x22000 Introduction to Searching SciFinder Web  

E-print Network

Master University Libraries · · 905.525.9140 x22000 · Introduction to Searching SciFinder Web Presented by Regina Bendig Science Liaison Librarian H.G. Thode Library of Science;__________________________________________________________________________________ McMaster University Libraries · · 905.525.9140 x22000 · thoderef

Haykin, Simon


Close the Textbook & Open "The Cell: An Image Library"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students leave the biology classroom with misconceptions centered on cellular structure. This article presents an activity in which students utilize images from an online database called "The Cell: An Image Library" (http://www.cellimagelibrary. org/) to gain a greater understanding of the diversity of cellular structure and the…

Saunders, Cheston; Taylor, Amy



Image Searching on the Excite Web Search Engine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines visual information needs as expressed in users' Web image queries on the Excite search engine. Discusses metadata; content-based image retrieval; user interaction with images; terms per query; term frequency; and implications for the development of models for visual information retrieval and for the design of Web search engines.…

Goodrum, Abby; Spink, Amanda



The Amsterdam Library of Object Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the ALOI collection of 1,000 objects recorded under various imaging circumstances. In order to capture the sensory variation in object recordings, we systematically varied viewing angle, illumination angle, and illumination color for each object, and additionally captured wide-baseline stereo images. We recorded ove ra hundred images of each object, yielding a total of 110,250 images for the collection.

Jan-mark Geusebroek; Gertjan J. Burghouts; Arnold W. M. Smeulders



Financing Online Search Services in Publicly Supported Libraries. The Report of an ALA Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 1981 the American Library Association (ALA) conducted a survey to determine how online search services are financed in publicly-supported libraries and in libraries in nonprofit organizations. The survey questionnaire was prepared by the ALA Office for Research (OFR), and three vendors of online services--BRS, Lockheed, and SDC--mailed the…

Lynch, Mary Jo


What Do the Public Search for on the Catalogue of the State Library of Victoria?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines what the public search for in the catalogue of the State Library of Victoria (SLV). As well as indicating the type of content being accessed, this gives an indication of what catalogue users expect of the State Library collection. A content analysis was undertaken of a random, stratified sample of 4,000 search queries typed in…

Waller, Vivienne



CD-ROM--A Viable Alternative to Online Searching for Academic Libraries?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of CD-ROM as an alternative to online searching for academic libraries focuses on a comparison between online and CD-ROM costs at the University of Natal (South Africa) library. Other factors examined include funding methods; user fees; staff involvement; user training; user access, including search intermediaries and networking; and…

Dubbeld, Catherine E.



The Archaeological Remote Sensing Geophysics Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (formerly Boston University Department of Archaeology), this site offers thumbnail images derived from archaeological projects led by Professor Kenneth L. Kvamme. "These projects have utilized ground penetrating radar, proton magnetometry, fluxgate gradiometry, resistivity, and conductivity methods." Some of the sites include prehistoric villages, prehistoric hunting camps, battlefields from the Revolutionary War, Roman sites, and historic stage stations. All images are annotated and the site also offers information on the instruments used in geophysical surveys. Professor Kvamme's homepage also offers images and summaries from several of his recent remote sensing projects.

Kvamme, Kenneth L.


NEH Grant Project: The AGS Library's Historic Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee has worked on a number of creative digital projects over the past several years, and this new initiative is worth a look. With financial support from the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), their American Geographical Society (AGS) Library has been able to create an online library of historic images from its substantial archive. The goal of the site is provide access to the 68,000 nitrate negatives in its photography collection, and currently visitors can view around 5,000 images here. The images include items from the Bert A. Krawczyk Collection, which features 600 images of China and India taken during World War II by Mr. Krawczyk, who was a photographer stationed both places during this time. Other materials include the collection of Harrison Forman, who was a foreign correspondent for the New York Times, London Times, and the National Broadcasting Company in the 1930s.


Data Manipulation in an XML-Based Digital Image Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To help to clarify the role of XML tools and standards in supporting transition and migration towards a fully XML-based environment for managing access to information. Design/methodology/approach: The Ching Digital Image Library, built on a three-tier architecture, is used as a source of examples to illustrate a number of methods of data…

Chang, Naicheng



Substance identification based on transmission THz spectra using library search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over recent years terahertz spectroscopy has become a new tool for the characterization of solid materials, in particular for investigating polymorphism and crystallinity in pharmaceutics. Search strategies have been tested for THz spectra of various organic compounds with their spectra taken from the Riken database (, using the GRAMS spectroscopy software. A subset of the entire database was used, which had been processed by removal of atmospheric water vapour lines and smoothing applied based on Savitzky-Golay convolution or time domain filtering. The spectral range available for all library substances was restricted to an interval from 0.9 to 4.5 THz (30-150 cm-1). The number of vibrational bands within this spectral range is much reduced compared with mid-infrared or Raman spectra. The appropriateness of spectral pre-treatment is demonstrated with regard to reliability and robustness of the search methods. In particular, time-domain filters for smoothing and pre-treatment by the removal of water lines and etalon effects have been successfully tested in combination with least squares and correlation methods. With these insights, applications for substance identification, especially for the pharmaceutical industry, may be enlarged.

Platte, Frank; Heise, H. Michael



Free Library of Philadelphia: Historical Images of Philadelphia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Free Library of Philadelphia has gone above and beyond the call of duty with this collection which covers everything from Germantown to the Navy Yard. This cornucopia contains thousands of images from the Philadelphiana Collection at the Free Library, and most of them are from the second half of the 19th century. On the homepage, visitors will note that they can look around by Neighborhoods, Photographers, and Media. First-time visitors should look around neighborhoods such as Society Hill, Farmount, and Chinatown. The Chinatown area contains some rare images of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and local businesses that include the James Spear Stove and Heating Company. Moving on, the Collections area here offers up images that found their way into the 1976 book "Old Philadelphia in Early Photographs." There are over 175 photos here that offer views of Queen Street and the fabulous Wanamaker's store at 13th and Market.



Updated by Cornell University Library PSEC Documentation Working Group (August 2010) Search GuideCornell University  

E-print Network

to function in essentially the same way as a Web-based search engine -- by keyword. You do not need to omit location, or published within a specific time period. Basic Search tips Title Omit initial articlesUpdated by Cornell University Library PSEC Documentation Working Group (August 2010) Search Guide

Rodriguez, Carlos


Eclipse: ESO C Library for an Image Processing Software Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Written in ANSI C, eclipse is a library offering numerous services related to astronomical image processing: FITS data access, various image and cube loading methods, binary image handling and filtering (including convolution and morphological filters), 2-D cross-correlation, connected components, cube and image arithmetic, dead pixel detection and correction, object detection, data extraction, flat-fielding with robust fit, image generation, statistics, photometry, image-space resampling, image combination, and cube stacking. It also contains support for mathematical tools like random number generation, FFT, curve fitting, matrices, fast median computation, and point-pattern matching. The main feature of this library is its ability to handle large amounts of input data (up to 2GB in the current version) regardless of the amount of memory and swap available on the local machine. Another feature is the very high speed allowed by optimized C, making it an ideal base tool for programming efficient number-crunching applications, e.g., on parallel (Beowulf) systems.

Devillard, Nicolas



Virage Image Search Engine: An Open Framework for Image Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently, the management of large image databases has relied exclusively on manually entered alphanumeric annotations. Systems are beginning to emerge in both the research and commercial sectors based on 'content-based' image retrieval, a technique which explicitly manages image assets by directly representing their visual attributes. The Virage image search engine provides an open framework for building such systems. The

Jeffrey R. Bach; Charles Fuller; Amarnath Gupta; Arun Hampapur; Bradley Horowitz; Rich Humphrey; Ramesh Jain; Chiao-Fe Shu



In Search of Excellence in Libraries : The Management Writings of Tom Peters and Their Implications for Library and Information Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the four books published by Tom Peters (In Search of Excellence, A Passion for Excellence, Thriving on Chaos, and Liberation Management), a major contemporary contributor to management thinking, and relates these new approaches to the management of Library and Information Services (LIS), using examples from Britain, North America, and Australia. The main areas of enquiry (based on the “prescriptions”

Richard F. Barter



TinEye Reverse Image Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

TinEye is essentially a reverse image search engine that allows users to submit images in order to find out where it came from, how it is being used, if modified versions of the image exist, or to find higher resolution versions. The site includes a FAQ area and a demonstration video. Visitors will need to sign and create a password, and afterwards they will be able to use the search engine. This version is compatible with computers running all operating systems.



Database search services as a basic service in academic health sciences libraries.  


Mediated search services, usually offered for a fee, are commonplace in academic health sciences libraries. At the same time, users of these services have numerous self-service options available to them; for example, CD-ROMs and locally mounted databases. In keeping with its philosophy of access to rather than ownership of information, the University of Washington Health Sciences Library and Information Center (HSLIC) changed its policy from charging clients for mediated searching to offering mediated searches as an essential service of the library. By taking this step, HSLIC moved closer to becoming a true "library without walls." This paper describes HSLIC's experience with changing its policy and examines the issues surrounding use of the collection budget to subsidize access to online information in academic health sciences libraries. PMID:7841905

Jankowski, T A; Martin, E R



Database search services as a basic service in academic health sciences libraries.  

PubMed Central

Mediated search services, usually offered for a fee, are commonplace in academic health sciences libraries. At the same time, users of these services have numerous self-service options available to them; for example, CD-ROMs and locally mounted databases. In keeping with its philosophy of access to rather than ownership of information, the University of Washington Health Sciences Library and Information Center (HSLIC) changed its policy from charging clients for mediated searching to offering mediated searches as an essential service of the library. By taking this step, HSLIC moved closer to becoming a true "library without walls." This paper describes HSLIC's experience with changing its policy and examines the issues surrounding use of the collection budget to subsidize access to online information in academic health sciences libraries. PMID:7841905

Jankowski, T A; Martin, E R



Search prefilters to assist in library searching of infrared spectra of automotive clear coats.  


Clear coat searches of the infrared (IR) spectral library of the paint data query (PDQ) forensic database often generate an unusable number of hits that span multiple manufacturers, assembly plants, and years. To improve the accuracy of the hit list, pattern recognition methods have been used to develop search prefilters (i.e., principal component models) that differentiate between similar but non-identical IR spectra of clear coats on the basis of manufacturer (e.g., General Motors, Ford, Chrysler) or assembly plant. A two step procedure to develop these search prefilters was employed. First, the discrete wavelet transform was used to decompose each IR spectrum into wavelet coefficients to enhance subtle but significant features in the spectral data. Second, a genetic algorithm for IR spectral pattern recognition was employed to identify wavelet coefficients characteristic of the manufacturer or assembly plant of the vehicle. Even in challenging trials where the paint samples evaluated were all from the same manufacturer (General Motors) within a limited production year range (2000-2006), the respective assembly plant of the vehicle was correctly identified. Search prefilters to identify assembly plants were successfully validated using 10 blind samples provided by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) as part of a study to populate PDQ to current production years, whereas the search prefilter to discriminate among automobile manufacturers was successfully validated using IR spectra obtained directly from the PDQ database. PMID:25476296

Lavine, Barry K; Fasasi, Ayuba; Mirjankar, Nikhil; White, Collin; Sandercock, Mark



On-line Reference Searching in the Community College Library/LRC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares online literature retrieval with traditional reference services. Discusses the reasons for and against adding online reference services to two-year college libraries and the unique applications online search services may have in the community college environment. (CBC)

Buus, David B.



Google vs. the Library (Part II): Student Search Patterns and Behaviors When Using Google and a Federated Search Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the information-seeking behavior of undergraduate students within a research context. Student searches were recorded while the participants used Google and a library (federated) search tool to find sources (one book, two articles, and one other source of their choosing) for a selected topic. The undergraduates in this study…

Georgas, Helen



A Vendor-Neutral Library and Viewer for Whole-Slide Images  

E-print Network

A Vendor-Neutral Library and Viewer for Whole-Slide Images Adam Goode, M. Satyanarayanan June 2008 for these images: analysis tools, viewers, and libraries are vendor-specific. In this paper, we present a vendor against the library's API to read multiple vendor formats. A Java-based whole-slide viewer that uses the C


Solar System object image search: A precovery search engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While regular archive searches can find images at a fixed location, they cannot find images of moving targets such as asteroids or comets. The Solar System Object Image Search (SSOIS) at the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre allows users to search for images of moving objects, allowing precoveries. SSOIS accepts as input either a list of observations, an object designation, a set of orbital elements, or a user-generated ephemeris for an object. It then searches for observations of that object over a range of dates. The user is then presented with a list of images containing that object from a variety of archives. Initially created to search the CFHT MegaCam archive, SSOIS has been extended to other telescopes including Gemini, Subaru/SuprimeCam, HST, the SDSS, AAT, the ESO telescopes, and the NOAO telescopes (KPNO/CTIO/WIYN), for a total of 7.6 million images. The SSOIS tool is located on the web at

Gwyn, S.; Hill, N.; Kavelaars, J.



Personalizing Image Search Results on Flickr  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social media site Flickr allows users to upload their pho- tos, annotate them with tags, submit them to groups, and also to form social networks by adding other users as contacts. Flickr offers multiple ways of browsing or searching it. One option is tag search, which returns all images tagged with a specific keyword. If the keyword is ambiguous,

Kristina Lerman; Anon Plangprasopchok; Chio Wong



Library Renovation Leads to Soul Searching at Cal Poly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a library renovation at California State Polytechnic University at Pomona which incurs complaints from professors and librarians about a shift from print to online materials. The $60-million project at Cal Poly is providing a difficult lesson in the challenges of library renovation, and in the changing role of one of the…

Carlson, Scott



Information Retrieval Strategies of Millennial Undergraduate Students in Web and Library Database Searches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Millennial students make up a large portion of undergraduate students attending colleges and universities, and they have a variety of online resources available to them to complete academically related information searches, primarily Web based and library-based online information retrieval systems. The content, ease of use, and required search

Porter, Brandi



Mobile Phone Search for Library Catalogs Ramona Broussard, Yongyi Zhou, and Matthew Lease  

E-print Network

Mobile Phone Search for Library Catalogs Ramona Broussard, Yongyi Zhou, and Matthew Lease School have begun to offer customized mobile applications for their online public access catalogs (OPACs such applications. To investigate this tradeoff, we have developed a prototype Mobile search application

Lease, Matthew


Plug Your Users into Library Resources with OpenSearch Plug-Ins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To bring the library catalog and other online resources right into users' workspace quickly and easily without needing much more than a short XML file, the author, a reference and Web services librarian at Williams College, learned to build and use OpenSearch plug-ins. OpenSearch is a set of simple technologies and standards that allows the…

Baker, Nicholas C.



Tracking Online Search Statistics in a Multibranch Library System: A dBASE Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of a menu driven database management program to handle online search statistics reporting requirements for the libraries at the University of California, Los Angeles. Advantages of the program are discussed, including cost effectiveness, autonomy of search service reports, meeting the special needs of individual…

Kwan, Julie; Raeder, Aggi



Image 100 procedures manual development: Applications system library definition and Image 100 software definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An outline for an Image 100 procedures manual for Earth Resources Program image analysis was developed which sets forth guidelines that provide a basis for the preparation and updating of an Image 100 Procedures Manual. The scope of the outline was limited to definition of general features of a procedures manual together with special features of an interactive system. Computer programs were identified which should be implemented as part of an applications oriented library for the system.

Guseman, L. F., Jr.; Decell, H. P., Jr.



Pattern recognition-assisted infrared library searching of automotive clear coats.  


Pattern recognition techniques have been developed to search the infrared (IR) spectral libraries of the paint data query (PDQ) database to differentiate between similar but nonidentical IR clear coat paint spectra. The library search system consists of two separate but interrelated components: search prefilters to reduce the size of the IR library to a specific assembly plant or plants corresponding to the unknown paint sample and a cross-correlation searching algorithm to identify IR spectra most similar to the unknown in the subset of spectra identified by the prefilters. To develop search prefilters with the necessary degree of accuracy, IR spectra from the PDQ database were preprocessed using wavelets to enhance subtle but significant features in the data. Wavelet coefficients characteristic of the assembly plant of the vehicle were identified using a genetic algorithm for pattern recognition and feature selection. A search algorithm was then used to cross-correlate the unknown with each IR spectrum in the subset of library spectra identified by the search prefilters. Each cross-correlated IR spectrum was simultaneously compared to an autocorrelated IR spectrum of the unknown using several spectral windows that span different regions of the cross-correlated and autocorrelated data from the midpoint. The top five hits identified in each search window are compiled, and a histogram is computed that summarizes the frequency of occurrence for each selected library sample. The five library samples with the highest frequency of occurrence are selected as potential hits. Even in challenging trials where the clear coat paint samples evaluated were all the same make (e.g., General Motors) within a limited production year range, the model of the automobile from which the unknown paint sample was obtained could be identified from its IR spectrum. PMID:25506887

Fasasi, Ayuba; Mirjankar, Nikhil; Stoian, Razvan-Ionut; White, Collin; Allen, Matthew; Sandercock, Mark P; Lavine, Barry K



Histology image search using multimodal fusion.  


This work proposes a histology image indexing strategy based on multimodal representations obtained from the combination of visual features and associated semantic annotations. Both data modalities are complementary information sources for an image retrieval system, since visual features lack explicit semantic information and semantic terms do not usually describe the visual appearance of images. The paper proposes a novel strategy to build a fused image representation using matrix factorization algorithms and data reconstruction principles to generate a set of multimodal features. The methodology can seamlessly recover the multimodal representation of images without semantic annotations, allowing us to index new images using visual features only, and also accepting single example images as queries. Experimental evaluations on three different histology image data sets show that our strategy is a simple, yet effective approach to building multimodal representations for histology image search, and outperforms the response of the popular late fusion approach to combine information. PMID:24820052

Caicedo, Juan C; Vanegas, Jorge A; Páez, Fabian; González, Fabio A



Personalizing Image Search Results on Flickr  

E-print Network

The social media site Flickr allows users to upload their photos, annotate them with tags, submit them to groups, and also to form social networks by adding other users as contacts. Flickr offers multiple ways of browsing or searching it. One option is tag search, which returns all images tagged with a specific keyword. If the keyword is ambiguous, e.g., ``beetle'' could mean an insect or a car, tag search results will include many images that are not relevant to the sense the user had in mind when executing the query. We claim that users express their photography interests through the metadata they add in the form of contacts and image annotations. We show how to exploit this metadata to personalize search results for the user, thereby improving search performance. First, we show that we can significantly improve search precision by filtering tag search results by user's contacts or a larger social network that includes those contact's contacts. Secondly, we describe a probabilistic model that takes advantag...

Lerman, Kristina; Wong, Chio



CAMEL: Concept Annotated iMagE Libraries  

E-print Network

. Yet, content-based image querying is still largely unestab- lished as a mainstream field, nor is it widely used by search engines. We believe that two of the major hurdles for this poor acceptance are poor retrieval quality and usability. In this paper... to its ability to extract and query with image region features. CAMEL improves retrieval quality because it allows experts to build very accurate representations of visual concepts that can be used even by novice users. At the same time, CAMEL improves...

Natsev, Apostol; Chadha, Atul; Soetarman, Basuki; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott




ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses possible future directions for academic libraries in the post Web/Library 2.0 world. These possible directions include areas such as data literacy, linked data sets, and opportunities for libraries in support of digital humanities. The author provides a brief sketch of the background information regarding the topics and…

Merrill, Alex



PRISM: Concept-preserving Social Image Search Results Summarization  

E-print Network

, insects, birds, and even the act of jumping. Image search results are typically presented as a ranked listPRISM: Concept-preserving Social Image Search Results Summarization Boon-Siew Seah seah0097@ntu Technological University, Singapore ABSTRACT Most existing tag-based social image search engines present search

Aixin, Sun


An end user search service in an academic health sciences library.  


This paper describes the experience of an academic health sciences library which made BRS/After Dark, an end user search service, available to its clientele as a complement to its mediated search service. The library environment, initial publicity efforts and administrative procedures are discussed. An attempt is made to evaluate the usefulness of the service in a library environment. This evaluation, covering a three-month period, is based on the observations of the librarians administering the service and an exit interview conducted with searchers over a two-month period. User satisfaction, both observed and recorded, was quite high; however, the librarians found that users had more difficulty in constructing appropriate search strategies than had been anticipated. Overall, the service is assessed as highly useful. PMID:10271170

Slingluff, D; Lev, Y; Eisan, A



Bodleian Library/Toyota City Imaging Project: A Collection of Motoring and Transport Images from the John Johnson Collection of Printed Ephemera  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bodleian Library of Oxford University has released its first digital imaging project on the web. The John Johnson Collection of Printed Ephemera, one of the largest and most important collections of printed ephemera anywhere in the world, was the source of the thousands of motoring and transportation images now accessible at this site. This image database can be searched by keyword or by browsing through images categorized by type of transport (motor cars, carriages and coaches, bicycles, ships, and railways, among others). Images range from single page advertising leaflets for 19th century bicycles to complete early 20th century motoring manuals. There are three screen display formats: text only, thumbnail images with brief descriptions, and full-screen images.



Dong, A., E. Fixler and A.M. Agogino, "A Case Study of Policy Decisions for Federated Search Across Digital Libraries," Proceedings of ICDL 2004 (International Conference on Digital Libraries), The  

E-print Network

Case Study of Policy Decisions for Federated Search Across Digital Libraries," Proceedings of ICDL 2004. A Case Study of Policy Decisions for Federated Search Across Digital Libraries Andy Dong University grows. Federated search is one solution for retrieving information across heterogeneous digital library

Agogino, Alice M.


Hybrid Architecture for Accelerating DNA Codeword Library Searching  

E-print Network

is the Levenshtein distance, or the so- called deletion-correcting or edit distance, which has been used to construct accelerator for accelerating the discovery of DNA reverse complement, edit distance codes. Two applications. For example, the largest known reverse complement edit distance DNA codeword library (length 16, edit distance

Qiu, Qinru


A Solution in Search of a Problem: Bibliometrics and Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature of bibliometrics suggests that the results of bibliometric studies can be of practical use in libraries by providing a scientific basis for collection management decisions. Reports on the application of these studies are virtually nonexistent and a number of reasons for this are suggested. (EM)

Wallace, Danny P.



Searching the University Libraries Online Catalog for Music Materials  

E-print Network

down and choose Musical Score CDs: Go to: Limit by format and choose CD (sound recording) CDs, LPs and Cassettes: Go to: Limit by format and choose Audio Recording (CD/Cassette/LP) We also have thousands of recordings available 24/7 via streaming audio. From the Music Library web page click on MUSIC RESEARCH GUIDE

Saidak, Filip


Beyond Failure: Potentially Mitigating Failed Author Searches in the Online Library Catalog through the Use of Linked Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Linked data stores house vetted content that can supplement the information available through online library catalogs, potentially mitigating failed author searches if information about the author exists in linked data formats. In this case study, a total of 689 failed author index queries from a large Midwestern academic library's online library

Moulaison, Heather Lea; Stanley, Susan Nicole



MusiCat System Makes Library Searches More Fruitful.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes MusiCat, an experimental user interface designed in Denmark that reflects the different ways that patrons think when searching for musical material on the Web. Discusses technology versus content; search trees that use a hierarchy of subject terms; and usability testing. (LRW)

Hansen, Per Hofman



Library & Historic Collections Looking for information Planning a search  

E-print Network

the word "nutrition" as an alternative keyword to the diet concept - diet or nutrition, we don't mind which... Slide 7: Search table 2 Slide notes: From the title of this assignment looking at the role of diet is diet and the second is chronic fatigue syndrome... Slide 8: Search table 3 Slide notes: However

Pym, David J.


Selecting Telecommunications Hardware for a School Library's Online Database Searching Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of criteria for use in evaluating telecommunications hardware for a school library's online searching program focuses on modem selection. The differences between internal and external modems are described, and a prioritized checklist of recommended features for external modems is presented. (CLB)

La Faille, Eugene



Many Libraries Have Gone to Federated Searching to Win Users Back from Google. Is It Working?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last issue, this journal asked a question on many librarians' minds, and it was pleased with the depth and variety of responses. As suggested by this journal editorial board member Oliver Pesch, readers were asked, "Many libraries have gone to federated searching to win users back from Google. Is it working?" Respondents approached the…

King, Douglas



A Bibliography of Genealogical Resources at the University of Idaho Library Where to Start Searching  

E-print Network

A Bibliography of Genealogical Resources at the University of Idaho Library Where to Start/homesteaders are available under the subject search of su: Latah County (Idaho) History. Also try different counties, like su: Whitman County Genealogy. For many more Idaho Genealogical resources, and also for other states, try

O'Laughlin, Jay


Effect of web searching on the OPAC: a comparison of selected university libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper seeks to evaluate the effect of web searching on online public access catalogue (OPAC) users in the university libraries in India. It is a comparative study of the three universities in the Union Territory of Chandigarh and Punjab State. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study adopted a questionnaire-based survey. A structured questionnaire was administered to 500 users comprising

Shiv Kumar



Exploring Gender Differences in SMS-Based Mobile Library Search System Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates differences in how male and female students perceived a short message service (SMS) library catalog search service when adopting it. Based on a sample of 90 students, the results suggest that there are significant differences in perceived usefulness and intention to use but no significant differences in self-efficacy and…

Goh, Tiong-Thye



NPIC: Hierarchical synthetic image classification using image search and generic features  

E-print Network

classification system can improve image search and retrieval engines and can act an input filter for downstreamNPIC: Hierarchical synthetic image classification using image search and generic features Fei Wang in an image search engine to create a noisily labeled training corpus of images for each class. NPIC

Kan, Min-Yen


Efficient reduction of candidate matches in peptide spectrum library searching using the top k most intense peaks.  


Spectral library searching is a popular approach for MS/MS-based peptide identification. Because the size of spectral libraries continues to grow, the performance of searching algorithms is an important issue. This technical note introduces a strategy based on a minimum shared peak count between two spectra to reduce the set of admissible candidate spectra when issuing a query. A theoretical validation through time complexity analysis and an experimental validation based on an implementation of the candidate reduction strategy show that the approach can achieve a reduction of the set of candidate spectra by (at least) an order of magnitude, resulting in a significant improvement in the speed of the search. Meanwhile, more than 99% of the positive search results is retained. This efficient strategy to drastically improve the speed of spectral library searching with a negligible loss of sensitivity can be applied to any current spectral library search tool, irrespective of the employed similarity metric. PMID:25004400

Vu, Trung Nghia; Bittremieux, Wout; Valkenborg, Dirk; Goethals, Bart; Lemière, Filip; Laukens, Kris



Scanners and drillers: Characterizing expert visual search through volumetric images  

E-print Network

tomography (CT) generate 3-D volumes of image data. How do radiologists search through such images radiologists to search chest CTs for lung nodules that could indicate lung cancer. To search, radiologists to create a 3-D representation of the eye movements through the image volume. Radiologists tended to follow


Processing biomedical images on the GPU: Implementation of an optimized CUDA library  

E-print Network

occupies more than 40GB 2. Due to the large processing time on CPU Image size Matlab C++ SMALL 2h 57' 29Processing biomedical images on the GPU: Implementation of an optimized CUDA library Antonio Ruiz scale images · Main goal: Optimize the execution of biomedical image analysis procedures exclusively

Giménez, Domingo


SIMPLIcity: a region-based retrieval system for picture libraries and biomedical image databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this demonstration, we present SIMPLIcity, an image retrievalsystem for picture libraries and biomedical imagedatabases. The system uses a wavelet-based approach forfeature extraction, real-time region segmentation, the IntegratedRegion Matching #IRM# metric, and image classi#cationmethods. Tested on large-scale picture libraries and adatabase of pathology images, the system has demonstratedaccurate and fast retrieval. It is also exceptionally robust toimage alterations.

James Ze Wang



Role of the Library in Education. The Library Image as Presented in Selected Teacher Training Textbooks in Use in the State of Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was made to discover how the public school educator views the library and its librarian and what attempts are made in Kentucky teacher training institutions to offer instruction in the use of library facilities. Specific questions involved the image and role of libraries in education textbooks and courses, and the implications of that…

Saddler, Virginia B.


IGroup: a web image search engine with semantic clustering of search results  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this demo, we present IGroup, a Web image search engine that organizes the search results into semantic clusters. Different from all existing Web image search results clustering algorithms that only cluster the top few images using visual or textual features, IGroup first identifies several query-related semantic clusters based on a key phrases extraction algorithm originally proposed for clustering general

Feng Jing; Changhu Wang; Yuhuan Yao; Kefeng Deng; Lei Zhang; Wei-ying Ma



Virage image search engine: an open framework for image management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Until recently, the management of large image databases has relied exclusively on manually entered alphanumeric annotations. Systems are beginning to emerge in both the research and commercial sectors based on 'content-based' image retrieval, a technique which explicitly manages image assets by directly representing their visual attributes. The Virage image search engine provides an open framework for building such systems. The Virage engine expresses visual features as image 'primitives.' Primitives can be very general (such as color, shape, or texture) or quite domain specific (face recognition, cancer cell detection, etc.). The basic philosophy underlying this architecture is a transformation from the data-rich representation of explicit image pixels to a compact, semantic-rich representation of visually salient characteristics. In practice, the design of such primitives is non-trivial, and is driven by a number of conflicting real-world constraints (e.g. computation time vs. accuracy). The virage engine provides an open framework for developers to 'plug-in' primitives to solve specific image management problems. The architecture has been designed to support both static images and video in a unified paradigm. The infrastructure provided by the Virage engine can be utilized to address high-level problems as well, such as automatic, unsupervised keyword assignment, or image classification.

Bach, Jeffrey R.; Fuller, Charles; Gupta, Amarnath; Hampapur, Arun; Horowitz, Bradley; Humphrey, Rich; Jain, Ramesh C.; Shu, Chiao-Fe



Density-dependent predation by skunks using olfactory search images  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formation of search images can create density-dependent predation. Predators have been shown to form search images when\\u000a searching for many small prey items in one feeding session. This paper reports experiments that test whether striped skunks\\u000a can form olfactory search images in other situations: when prey are found over several days, when prey are large, and when\\u000a prey are

Vilis O. Nams



Essential issues in the design of shared document/image libraries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider what is needed to create electronic document libraries which mimic physical collections of books, papers, and other media. The quantitative measures of merit for personal workstations-cost, speed, size of volatile and persistent storage-will improve by at least an order ofmagnitude in the next decade. Every professional worker will be able to afford a very powerful machine, but databases and libraries are not really economical and useful unless they are shared. We therefore see a two-tier world emerging, in which custodians of information make it available to network-attached workstations. A client-server model is the natural description of this world. In collaboration with several state governments, we have considered what would be needed to replace paper-based record management for a dozen different applications. We find that a professional worker can anticipate most data needs and that (s)he is interested in each clump of data for a period of days to months. We further find that only a small fraction of any collection will be used in any period. Given expected bandwidths, data sizes, search times and costs, and other such parameters, an effective strategy to support user interaction is to bring large clumps from their sources, to transform them into convenient representations, and only then start whatever investigation is intended. A system-managed hierarchy of caches and archives is indicated. Each library is a combination of a catalog and a collection, and each stored item has a primary instance which is the standard by which the correctness of any copy is judged. Catalog records mostly refer to 1 to 3 stored items. Weighted by the number of bytes to be stored, immutable data dominate collections. These characteristics affect how consistency, currency, and access control of replicas distributed in the network should be managed. We present the large features of a design for network docun1ent/image library services. A prototype is being built for State of California pilot applications. The design allows library servers in any environment with an ANSI SQL database; clients execute in any environment; conimunications are with either TCP/IP or SNA LU 6.2.

Gladney, Henry M.; Mantey, Patrick E.



The RightPages Image-Based Electronic Library for Alerting and Browsing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The RightPages electronic library prototype system, which gives users full online library services, is described. The prototype takes advantage of fast hardware, multimedia workstations, and broadband networks to process scientific and technical journals for users and to offer a service that: alerts them to the arrival of new journal articles matching their interest profiles; lets them immediately examine images of

Guy A. Story; Lawrence O'gorman; David Fox; Louise Levy Schaper; H. V. Jagadish



The Convergence of Information Technology, Data, and Management in a Library Imaging Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating advanced imaging and processing capabilities in libraries, archives, and museums requires effective systems and information management to ensure that the large amounts of digital data about cultural artifacts can be readily acquired, stored, archived, accessed, processed, and linked to other data. The Library of Congress is developing…

France, Fenella G.; Emery, Doug; Toth, Michael B.



Analyzing the Quality of Supernovae Search Image Subtraction James Snitzer  

E-print Network

Analyzing the Quality of Supernovae Search Image Subtraction James Snitzer Adviser: John Marriner with template images of the same RA and DEC, the template images are aligned and subtracted from the reference images through the difference imaging pipeline script. The program that subtracts the two images

Cinabro, David


Image search based on quadtree Zernike decomposition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel technique for searching for complex patterns in large multimedia databases is presented, based on rotation independent template matching. To handle objects of arbitrary shape while reducing the computational workload, the pattern to be localized is partitioned into small square blocks of sizes adapted to the local image content using quadtree decomposition. The use of Zernike polynomials for representing each block allows the design of a fast and effective maximum likelihood matching procedure to sequentially verify whether the target image contains each block of the quadtree. State of the art methods usually represent the whole pattern by using an orthogonal basis and extracting an invariant feature vector from the representation coefficients. In the proposed scheme, the use of the quadtree decomposition allows us to bind the number of terms of the truncated expansions, still guaranteeing a precise image representation.

Neri, Alessandro; Carli, Marco; Palma, Veronica; Constantini, Luca



Library Media Specialists and Spirituality in Schools: Native American Images as a Beginning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of spirituality in schools focuses on Native American images, especially as used for school mascots and product marketing. Includes various resources, both electronic and printed, that are helpful to school library media specialists as well as other educators. (LRW)

Barron, Daniel D.



Yale Image Finder (YIF): a new search engine for retrieving biomedical images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Yale Image Finder (YIF) is a publicly accessible search engine featuring a new way of retrieving biomedical images and associated papers based on the text carried inside the images. Image queries can also be issued against the image caption, as well as words in the associated paper abstract and title. A typical search scenario using YIF is as follows:

Songhua Xu; James Mccusker; Michael Krauthammer



Development and tuning of an original search engine for patent libraries in medicinal chemistry  

PubMed Central

Background The large increase in the size of patent collections has led to the need of efficient search strategies. But the development of advanced text-mining applications dedicated to patents of the biomedical field remains rare, in particular to address the needs of the pharmaceutical & biotech industry, which intensively uses patent libraries for competitive intelligence and drug development. Methods We describe here the development of an advanced retrieval engine to search information in patent collections in the field of medicinal chemistry. We investigate and combine different strategies and evaluate their respective impact on the performance of the search engine applied to various search tasks, which covers the putatively most frequent search behaviours of intellectual property officers in medical chemistry: 1) a prior art search task; 2) a technical survey task; and 3) a variant of the technical survey task, sometimes called known-item search task, where a single patent is targeted. Results The optimal tuning of our engine resulted in a top-precision of 6.76% for the prior art search task, 23.28% for the technical survey task and 46.02% for the variant of the technical survey task. We observed that co-citation boosting was an appropriate strategy to improve prior art search tasks, while IPC classification of queries was improving retrieval effectiveness for technical survey tasks. Surprisingly, the use of the full body of the patent was always detrimental for search effectiveness. It was also observed that normalizing biomedical entities using curated dictionaries had simply no impact on the search tasks we evaluate. The search engine was finally implemented as a web-application within Novartis Pharma. The application is briefly described in the report. Conclusions We have presented the development of a search engine dedicated to patent search, based on state of the art methods applied to patent corpora. We have shown that a proper tuning of the system to adapt to the various search tasks clearly increases the effectiveness of the system. We conclude that different search tasks demand different information retrieval engines' settings in order to yield optimal end-user retrieval. PMID:24564220



Optimization of reference library used in content-based medical image retrieval scheme  

SciTech Connect

Building an optimal image reference library is a critical step in developing the interactive computer-aided detection and diagnosis (I-CAD) systems of medical images using content-based image retrieval (CBIR) schemes. In this study, the authors conducted two experiments to investigate (1) the relationship between I-CAD performance and size of reference library and (2) a new reference selection strategy to optimize the library and improve I-CAD performance. The authors assembled a reference library that includes 3153 regions of interest (ROI) depicting either malignant masses (1592) or CAD-cued false-positive regions (1561) and an independent testing data set including 200 masses and 200 false-positive regions. A CBIR scheme using a distance-weighted K-nearest neighbor algorithm is applied to retrieve references that are considered similar to the testing sample from the library. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (A{sub z}) is used as an index to evaluate the I-CAD performance. In the first experiment, the authors systematically increased reference library size and tested I-CAD performance. The result indicates that scheme performance improves initially from A{sub z}=0.715 to 0.874 and then plateaus when the library size reaches approximately half of its maximum capacity. In the second experiment, based on the hypothesis that a ROI should be removed if it performs poorly compared to a group of similar ROIs in a large and diverse reference library, the authors applied a new strategy to identify 'poorly effective' references. By removing 174 identified ROIs from the reference library, I-CAD performance significantly increases to A{sub z}=0.914 (p<0.01). The study demonstrates that increasing reference library size and removing poorly effective references can significantly improve I-CAD performance.

Park, Sang Cheol; Sukthankar, Rahul; Mummert, Lily; Satyanarayanan, Mahadev; Zheng Bin [Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, 3362 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Intel Research Pittsburgh, 4720 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, 3362 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)



Image Digestion and Relevance Feedback in the ImageRover WWW Search Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

ImageRover is a search by image content navigation tool for the world wide web. The staggering size of the WWW dictates certain strategies and algorithms for image collection, digestion, indexing, and user interface. This pa- per describes two key components of the ImageRover strat- egy: image digestion and relevance feedback. Image di- gestion occurs during image collection; robots digest the

Leonid Taycher; Marco La Cascia



Library Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to acquaint students of the University of Missouri-Columbia with the facilities and resources of the Ellis Library, and is intended for students enrolled in Library Science 105: Library Skills. The guide is organized into sections dealing with search strategies and types of library materials. It opens with an orientation to…

Bhullar, Pushpajit K., Ed.; Lawhorne, Anne R., Ed.


Library weblogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 55 weblogs maintained by libraries were identified in late 2003 using Internet search engines and directories. The weblogs were studied using content analysis techniques. Library weblogs were found in just three countries, with the majority being in the USA. Public and academic libraries were more likely to have a weblog than other types of libraries. The most

Laurel A. Clyde



Mediated computer search services relative to instruction services: a survey of one health sciences library.  


To assess the quality and usefulness of one health sciences library's mediated computer search service, a survey was undertaken to determine satisfaction rates, why users do or do not use the service, and how useful the service is perceived to be in comparison to instructional service. Satisfaction rates were high, with users indicating librarian expertise and time/cost savings as the main reasons for using the service. Non-users indicated that they preferred to do their own searching, and many were unaware of the service. Though a majority of respondents do not currently use the service, surprisingly a majority of respondents placed significant value on the mediated search service in relation to instruction. PMID:11398547

Barnett, L; Cmor, D; Morgan, P



Java Library for Input and Output of Image Data and Metadata  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Java-language library supports input and output (I/O) of image data and metadata (label data) in the format of the Video Image Communication and Retrieval (VICAR) image-processing software and in several similar formats, including a subset of the Planetary Data System (PDS) image file format. The library does the following: It provides low-level, direct access layer, enabling an application subprogram to read and write specific image files, lines, or pixels, and manipulate metadata directly. Two coding/decoding subprograms ("codecs" for short) based on the Java Advanced Imaging (JAI) software provide access to VICAR and PDS images in a file-format-independent manner. The VICAR and PDS codecs enable any program that conforms to the specification of the JAI codec to use VICAR or PDS images automatically, without specific knowledge of the VICAR or PDS format. The library also includes Image I/O plugin subprograms for VICAR and PDS formats. Application programs that conform to the Image I/O specification of Java version 1.4 can utilize any image format for which such a plug-in subprogram exists, without specific knowledge of the format itself. Like the aforementioned codecs, the VICAR and PDS Image I/O plug-in subprograms support reading and writing of metadata.

Deen, Robert; Levoe, Steven



Image save and carry system-based teaching-file library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Digital imaging technology has introduced some new possibilities of forming teaching files without films. IS&C (Image Save & Carry) system, which is based on magneto-optic disc, is a good medium for this purpose, because of its large capacity, prompt access time, and unified format independent of operating systems. The author have constructed a teaching file library, on which user can add and edit images. CD-ROM and IS&C satisfy most of basic criteria for teaching file construction platform. CD-ROM is the best medium for circulating large numbers of identical copies, while IS&C is advantageous in personal addition and editing of library.

Morimoto, Kouji; Kimura, Michio; Fujii, Toshiyuki



The Library in Your Toolbar: You Can Make It Easy to Search Library Resources from Your Own Browser  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For years, patrons have been able to access library services from home and in the library building, but in the world of Google, Yahoo, YouTube, MySpace, and Facebook, library web sites and catalogs are too often not the first place people go to look for information. The innovative use of toolbars could change this. Toolbars have been popular for…

Webster, Peter



Image and Video Search Engine for the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a visual information system prototype for searching for images and videos on the WorldWide Web. New visual information in the form of images, graphics, animations and videos is being published on the Web at an incredible rate. However, cataloging this visual data is beyond the capabilities of current text-based Web search engines. In this paper, we describe a

John R. Smith; Shih-Fu Chang



Rochester Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Central Library of Rochester and Monroe County, New York offers this substantial database of photographs and other images, both historical and contemporary, that depict the Rochester area. Sponsored by a grant from the Institute for Museum and Library Services and funds from the federal government's Library Services and Technology Act, the site's goal is to demonstrate that electronic access to images can be a boon to scholars and researchers. The images themselves, some 22,000 of them, can either be browsed or searched by keyword, or users can search a specific field (author, title, subjects, etc.); search results include thumbnails that link to full-sized pictures. A helpful Search Tips page offers guidance on searching the images. Providing increased access to visual materials has proven to be one of the Web's successes for many libraries and archives, and this site is a good example of what can be accomplished through a well presented digitization project involving visual materials.


Designing Novel Image Search Interfaces by Understanding Unique Characteristics and Usage  

E-print Network

major search engines, the interface for image search is the same as traditional Web search: a keyword. Grounded in these ob- servations, we present design recommendations for an image search engine supportive that we built. Keywords: image search, log analysis, design. 1 Introduction Most major search engines

Rajamani, Sriram K.


Searching for patterns in remote sensing image databases using neural networks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We have investigated a method, based on a successful neural network multispectral image classification system, of searching for single patterns in remote sensing databases. While defining the pattern to search for and the feature to be used for that search (spectral, spatial, temporal, etc.) is challenging, a more difficult task is selecting competing patterns to train against the desired pattern. Schemes for competing pattern selection, including random selection and human interpreted selection, are discussed in the context of an example detection of dense urban areas in Landsat Thematic Mapper imagery. When applying the search to multiple images, a simple normalization method can alleviate the problem of inconsistent image calibration. Another potential problem, that of highly compressed data, was found to have a minimal effect on the ability to detect the desired pattern. The neural network algorithm has been implemented using the PVM (Parallel Virtual Machine) library and nearly-optimal speedups have been obtained that help alleviate the long process of searching through imagery.

Paola, Justin D.; Schowengerdt, Robert A.



CrowdSearch: exploiting crowds for accurate real-time image search on mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phones are becoming increasingly sophisticated with a rich set of on-board sensors and ubiquitous wireless connectivity. However, the ability to fully exploit the sensing capabilities on mobile phones is stymied by limitations in multimedia processing techniques. For example, search using cellphone images often encounters high error rate due to low image quality. In this paper, we present CrowdSearch, an

Tingxin Yan; Vikas Kumar; Deepak Ganesan



Water spectral libraries for the interpretation of image spectrometric data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the assessment of water reflectance spectra measured under controlled condition for analysis of the imaging spectrometry data of inland waters. The application of imaging spectrometry to the study of inland waters depends on a better understanding of the optical properties of the water components. To increase this understanding, a collection of water spectra has been measured under

Evlyn M. Novo



Combining history of medicine and library instruction: an innovative approach to teaching database searching to medical students.  


Library faculty members at the Health Sciences Library at the LSU Health Shreveport campus offer a database searching class for third-year medical students during their surgery rotation. For a number of years, students completed "ten-minute clinical challenges," but the instructors decided to replace the clinical challenges with innovative exercises using The Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus to emphasize concepts learned. The Surgical Papyrus is an online resource that is part of the National Library of Medicine's "Turning the Pages" digital initiative. In addition, vintage surgical instruments and historic books are displayed in the classroom to enhance the learning experience. PMID:22853300

Timm, Donna F; Jones, Dee; Woodson, Deidra; Cyrus, John W



Digitization and the Creation of Virtual Libraries: The Princeton University Image Card Catalog--Reaping the Benefits of Imaging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project at the Princeton University libraries that converted the pre-1981 public card catalog, using digital imaging and optical character recognition technology, to fully tagged and indexed records of text in MARC format that are available on an online database and will be added to the online catalog. (LRW)

Henthorne, Eileen



PhotoFile: A Digital Library for Image Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes a digital photo archiving and retrieval system. The system employs natural language processing technology to retrieve images based on their captions, and incorporates morphological, syntactic, and semantic information

Sharon Flank; Patrick Martin; Aristotle Balogh; James Rothey



An Assessment of Image Quality in Geology Works from the HathiTrust Digital Library  

E-print Network

This study assesses the quality of both images and text in a sample from the 2,180 works on geology from the HathiTrust Digital Library (multi-institutional digital repository)--an outgrowth of the Michigan Digitization Project and partnership...

McEathron, Scott R.



Multiview alignment hashing for efficient image search.  


Hashing is a popular and efficient method for nearest neighbor search in large-scale data spaces by embedding high-dimensional feature descriptors into a similarity preserving Hamming space with a low dimension. For most hashing methods, the performance of retrieval heavily depends on the choice of the high-dimensional feature descriptor. Furthermore, a single type of feature cannot be descriptive enough for different images when it is used for hashing. Thus, how to combine multiple representations for learning effective hashing functions is an imminent task. In this paper, we present a novel unsupervised multiview alignment hashing approach based on regularized kernel nonnegative matrix factorization, which can find a compact representation uncovering the hidden semantics and simultaneously respecting the joint probability distribution of data. In particular, we aim to seek a matrix factorization to effectively fuse the multiple information sources meanwhile discarding the feature redundancy. Since the raised problem is regarded as nonconvex and discrete, our objective function is then optimized via an alternate way with relaxation and converges to a locally optimal solution. After finding the low-dimensional representation, the hashing functions are finally obtained through multivariable logistic regression. The proposed method is systematically evaluated on three data sets: 1) Caltech-256; 2) CIFAR-10; and 3) CIFAR-20, and the results show that our method significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art multiview hashing techniques. PMID:25594968

Liu, Li; Yu, Mengyang; Shao, Ling



Nature Picture Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While a commercial enterprise, the Nature Picture Library offers viewers free online access to thousands of high-resolution photographs in its database. Containing fantastic shots of flora and fauna in settings of every variety, the Nature Picture Library is a great graphic resource for those in search of images of the natural world. Images can be purchased for direct downloads or can be stored online for free by registered users in lightboxes of their own design. The picture library allows registrants to create and store as many as fifty lightboxes for online consultation. A great way to see the world and all its creatures, the Nature Picture Library is sure to provoke awe, admiration, and devotion from users of every age.



Searching for Pulsars Using Image Pattern Recognition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the modern era of big data, many fields of astronomy are generating huge volumes of data, the analysis of which can sometimes be the limiting factor in research. Fortunately, computer scientists have developed powerful data-mining techniques that can be applied to various fields. In this paper, we present a novel artificial intelligence (AI) program that identifies pulsars from recent surveys by using image pattern recognition with deep neural nets—the PICS (Pulsar Image-based Classification System) AI. The AI mimics human experts and distinguishes pulsars from noise and interference by looking for patterns from candidate plots. Different from other pulsar selection programs that search for expected patterns, the PICS AI is taught the salient features of different pulsars from a set of human-labeled candidates through machine learning. The training candidates are collected from the Pulsar Arecibo L-band Feed Array (PALFA) survey. The information from each pulsar candidate is synthesized in four diagnostic plots, which consist of image data with up to thousands of pixels. The AI takes these data from each candidate as its input and uses thousands of such candidates to train its ~9000 neurons. The deep neural networks in this AI system grant it superior ability to recognize various types of pulsars as well as their harmonic signals. The trained AI's performance has been validated with a large set of candidates from a different pulsar survey, the Green Bank North Celestial Cap survey. In this completely independent test, the PICS ranked 264 out of 277 pulsar-related candidates, including all 56 previously known pulsars and 208 of their harmonics, in the top 961 (1%) of 90,008 test candidates, missing only 13 harmonics. The first non-pulsar candidate appears at rank 187, following 45 pulsars and 141 harmonics. In other words, 100% of the pulsars were ranked in the top 1% of all candidates, while 80% were ranked higher than any noise or interference. The performance of this system can be improved over time as more training data are accumulated. This AI system has been integrated into the PALFA survey pipeline and has discovered six new pulsars to date.

Zhu, W. W.; Berndsen, A.; Madsen, E. C.; Tan, M.; Stairs, I. H.; Brazier, A.; Lazarus, P.; Lynch, R.; Scholz, P.; Stovall, K.; Ransom, S. M.; Banaszak, S.; Biwer, C. M.; Cohen, S.; Dartez, L. P.; Flanigan, J.; Lunsford, G.; Martinez, J. G.; Mata, A.; Rohr, M.; Walker, A.; Allen, B.; Bhat, N. D. R.; Bogdanov, S.; Camilo, F.; Chatterjee, S.; Cordes, J. M.; Crawford, F.; Deneva, J. S.; Desvignes, G.; Ferdman, R. D.; Freire, P. C. C.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Jenet, F. A.; Kaplan, D. L.; Kaspi, V. M.; Knispel, B.; Lee, K. J.; van Leeuwen, J.; Lyne, A. G.; McLaughlin, M. A.; Siemens, X.; Spitler, L. G.; Venkataraman, A.



Library of Virginia: Photographic Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia's ongoing Digital Library Program in 2001 added eight public library digital photograph collections. Starting from the LVA Digital Library homepage, users select the name of one of the public library collections to go directly to its search page. For a little more information about the type of photographs to expect in each collection, we recommend beginning at the About the Collections page. Following this route, a user can learn that the digitized portion of the Hampton Public Library consists of 1,400 photographs from the Christopher E. Cheyne collection, including many downtown Hampton businesses, representing the seafood industry hotels and seaside resorts, and the amusement park. This collection also includes portraits of a few Civil War veterans, members of prominent Hampton families, and photographer Cheyne's family. In contrast, one would find fewer images of people in the Newport News Public Library collection, since it consists of close to 300 images related to the construction of Hilton Village, a World War I era public housing project, and the Hotel Warwick, a grand nineteenth-century resort. Searching is still a little unpredictable even with the additional information; to browse most of the images in a collection, try searching on a photographer's name, or the proper name of prominent subjects depicted.


Image searching on the Excite Web search engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing body of research is beginning to explore the information-seeking behavior of Web users. The vast majority of these studies have concentrated on the area of textual information retrieval (IR). Little research has examined how people search for non-textual information on the Internet, and few large-scale studies has investigated visual information-seeking behavior with general-purpose Web search engines. This study

Abby Goodrum; Amanda Spink



Library Resources

Library Resources Literature Search via PubMed NOTE: PubMed replaces Entrez (previously limited to Molecular Biology references in Medline). Searches are now free, with no account required, either for Grateful Med or PubMed. National Library of Medicine NIH


Managing Biomedical Image Metadata for Search and Retrieval of Similar Images  

E-print Network

Managing Biomedical Image Metadata for Search and Retrieval of Similar Images Daniel Korenblum,1 a system, the Biomedical Image Metadata Manager (BIMM) to (1) address the problem of managing biomedical INTRODUCTION Purpose E xplosive growth in the number of biomedical images obtained in radiology requires new

Rubin, Daniel L.


Information Retrieval Techniques: The Differences in Cognitive Strategies and Search Behaviors among Graduate Students in an Academic Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate schools have been admitting more and more students older than the "traditional" 18- to 24-year-old campus population. These adult learners may come to their programs of study without formal training in library use in general or literature searches in particular. By examining various successful and unsuccessful strategies used by these…

Simon, Charlotte E.


A Kind of Transformation of Information Service--Science and Technology Novelty Search in Chinese University Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science and Technology Novelty Search (S&TNS) is a special information consultation service developed as part of the Chinese Sci-Tech system. The author introduces the concept of S&TNS, and explains its role, and the role of the university library in the process. A quality control model to improve the quality of service of the S&TNS at Southeast…

Aiguo, Li



THE ASU HERBARIUM VASCULAR PLANT IMAGE LIBRARY ON-LINE Shannon Doan, Gretchen Buegge, J. Jeremy Buegge, Robin Schoeninger, Edward Gilbert, Leslie R. Landrum  

E-print Network

THE ASU HERBARIUM VASCULAR PLANT IMAGE LIBRARY ON-LINE Shannon Doan, Gretchen Buegge, J. Jeremy.g. individual fruits, cyathia, flowers). RESULTS The Vascular Plant Image Library currently includes 1 in a short period of time and can be done anywhere web access is available. The Vascular Plant Image Library

Hall, Sharon J.


Exploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery  

E-print Network

, windows, color, sound · Text, tables, graphics · Instructions, messages, help · Collaboration & communities · Manuals, tutorials, training #12;U.S. Library of Congress ·Scholars, Inc. Structured canvas of graphical objects in a hierarchical scenegraph · Zooming animation · Cameras

Shneiderman, Ben


Image Comparison Search Engine Based On Traditional and Improved Fractal Encoding Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

This search engine allows users to quickly obtain information from networks. Traditional search engines can only search the data of modal characters. To solve this problem, Image Comparison Search Engine (ICSE) makes use of \\

Shraddha Viraj Pandit; M. V. Kulkarni; M. L. Dhore



Combined semantic and similarity search in medical image databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The current diagnostic process at hospitals is mainly based on reviewing and comparing images coming from multiple time points and modalities in order to monitor disease progression over a period of time. However, for ambiguous cases the radiologist deeply relies on reference literature or second opinion. Although there is a vast amount of acquired images stored in PACS systems which could be reused for decision support, these data sets suffer from weak search capabilities. Thus, we present a search methodology which enables the physician to fulfill intelligent search scenarios on medical image databases combining ontology-based semantic and appearance-based similarity search. It enabled the elimination of 12% of the top ten hits which would arise without taking the semantic context into account.

Seifert, Sascha; Thoma, Marisa; Stegmaier, Florian; Hammon, Matthias; Kramer, Martin; Huber, Martin; Kriegel, Hans-Peter; Cavallaro, Alexander; Comaniciu, Dorin



A 3D metal artifact correction method in cone-beam CT bone imaging by using an implant image library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cone-beam CT (CBCT) technique has been used by orthopedists to monitor bone graft growth after orthopedic surgery. In order to correct severe metal artifacts in reconstructed images caused by metal implants used in bone grafting, a three-dimensional metal artifact correction method has been previously proposed. The implants' mathematic boundaries were generated to help to segment metal from reconstructed images. The segmented metal implants were forward-projected onto the detector to create metal-only projections to compensate for beam-hardening effect. This method was proved effective with the metal implants of regular shape which can be simulated by simple 3D primitives, such as cuboid, cylinder and cone. But for metal implants of arbitrary shape, their boundaries are difficult to define mathematically. To solve this problem, this paper proposed a method by setting up an implant image library and using the implants' a priori shape information from the library during the artifact correction. The implants were acquired and scanned before the surgery and their a priori information were stored in a library. During the artifact correction, the library was called to provide the shape information of the implants to help to do the implant segmentation. The segmented implants were forward-projected onto the detector to generate implant-only projections by a cone-beam forward-projection technique. Beam-hardening effect in the original projections was then compensated by high polynomial orders of implant projections. Finally, the corrected projections were back-projected to produce artifacts-reduced images. Both phantom studies and patient studies were conducted to test this correction method. Results from both studies show the artifacts have been greatly reduced and the accuracy of bone volume measurement has been increased.

Zhang, Yan; Ning, Ruola; Conover, David



Region-based fractal image compression using heuristic search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents work carried out on fractal (or attractor) image compression. The approach relies on the assumption that image redundancy can be efficiently exploited through self-transformability. The algorithms described utilize a novel region-based partition of the image that greatly increases the compression ratios achieved over traditional block-based partitionings. Due to the large search spaces involved, heuristic algorithms are used to construct

Lester C. Thomas; Farzin Deravi



Veterans' Health Library  


... VA Media Room Locations Contact Us Search Health Library Health Library Home - Selected Topic Navigation Living Well - Topic Navigation ... Medications - Topic Navigation Rehabilitation - Topic Navigation Mental Health Library - Topic Navigation Living With - Topic Navigation Additional Resources - ...


Facilitating Image Search With a Scalable and Compact Semantic Mapping.  


This paper introduces a novel approach to facilitating image search based on a compact semantic embedding. A novel method is developed to explicitly map concepts and image contents into a unified latent semantic space for the representation of semantic concept prototypes. Then, a linear embedding matrix is learned that maps images into the semantic space, such that each image is closer to its relevant concept prototype than other prototypes. In our approach, the semantic concepts equated with query keywords and the images mapped into the vicinity of the prototype are retrieved by our scheme. In addition, a computationally efficient method is introduced to incorporate new semantic concept prototypes into the semantic space by updating the embedding matrix. This novelty improves the scalability of the method and allows it to be applied to dynamic image repositories. Therefore, the proposed approach not only narrows semantic gap but also supports an efficient image search process. We have carried out extensive experiments on various cross-modality image search tasks over three widely-used benchmark image datasets. Results demonstrate the superior effectiveness, efficiency, and scalability of our proposed approach. PMID:25248210

Wang, Meng; Li, Weisheng; Liu, Dong; Ni, Bingbing; Shen, Jialie; Yan, Shuicheng



New Techniques in the Teaching of Online Searching. An Institute for Library Educators (Seattle, Washington, March 20-24, 1978). Exhibits and Summaries of Presentations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data bases of the DIALOG system new teaching techniques and materials are presented to an audience of library educators. Included are search demonstrations, teaching approaches, sample exercises and instructional prolects, multidatabase searching methods, utilization of search aids and offline resources, the conduct of presearch interviews,…

Mignon, Edmond, Ed.


PageRank for Product Image Search Yushi Jing1,2  

E-print Network

from the majority of large- scale commercial-search engines in use today. Commercial search-engines a popular feature in many search engines, including Yahoo, MSN, Google, etc., the majority of image searchesPageRank for Product Image Search Yushi Jing1,2 Shumeet Baluja2 shumeet

Pregibon, Daryl


Image restoration using trellis-search methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methods for the restoration of images corrupted by blur and noise are presented. During transmission through an optical or electrical channel, images become corrupted by blur and noise as a result of channel limitations (i.e. optical aberrations or a bandlimit). If images are treated as a matrix whose elements (pixels) assume a finite number of values then there is a large but finite set of possible images that can be transmitted. By treating this finite set as a `signal' set, digital communications methods may be used to estimate the uncorrupted image given a blurred and noisy version. Specifically, row-by-row estimation, decision-feedback and vector-quantization are used to extend the 1D sequence estimation ability of the a-posteriori probability (APP) and Viterbi algorithm (VA) to the estimation of 2D images. Simulations show the 2D VA and APP algorithms return near-optimal estimates of binary images as well as improved estimates of greyscale images when compared with the conventional Wiener filter (WF) estimates. Unlike the WF, the VA and APP algorithms are shown to be capable of super-resolution and adaptable for use with signal-dependent Poisson noise corruption. Restorations of experimental data gathered from an optical imaging system are presented to support simulation results.

Miller, Casey Lee



An attribute-assisted reranking model for web image search.  


Image search reranking is an effective approach to refine the text-based image search result. Most existing reranking approaches are based on low-level visual features. In this paper, we propose to exploit semantic attributes for image search reranking. Based on the classifiers for all the predefined attributes, each image is represented by an attribute feature consisting of the responses from these classifiers. A hypergraph is then used to model the relationship between images by integrating low-level visual features and attribute features. Hypergraph ranking is then performed to order the images. Its basic principle is that visually similar images should have similar ranking scores. In this paper, we propose a visual-attribute joint hypergraph learning approach to simultaneously explore two information sources. A hypergraph is constructed to model the relationship of all images. We conduct experiments on more than 1,000 queries in MSRA-MMV2.0 data set. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach. PMID:25420262

Cai, Junjie; Zha, Zheng-Jun; Wang, Meng; Zhang, Shiliang; Tian, Qi



The visible ear: a digital image library of the temporal bone.  


High-fidelity computer-based modeling, simulation and visualization systems for the study of temporal bone anatomy and training for middle ear surgery are based on a sequence of digital anatomical images, which must cover a large tissue volume and yet display details in high resolution and with high fidelity. However, the use of existing image libraries by independent developers of virtual models of the ear is limited by copyright protection and low image resolution. A fresh frozen human temporal bone was CT-scanned and serially sectioned at 25 microm and digital images of the block surface were recorded at 50- to 100-microm increments with a Light Phase(TM) single-shot camera back attachment. A total of 605 images were recorded in 24-bit RGB resolution. After color correction and elimination of image size variation by differential cropping to 15.4 cm x 9.7 cm, all images were resampled to 3,078 x 1,942 pixels at a final resolution of 50 microm/pixel and stored as 605 one-Mb JPEG files together with a three-dimensional viewer. The resulting complete set of image data provides: (1) a source material suitable for generating computer models of the human ear; (2) a resource of high-quality digital images of anatomical cross sections from the human ear, and (3) a PC-based viewer of the temporal bone in three perpendicular planes of section. PMID:12499759

Sørensen, Mads S; Dobrzeniecki, Andy B; Larsen, Per; Frisch, Thomas; Sporring, Jon; Darvann, Tron A



Imaging ATUM ultrathin section libraries with WaferMapper: a multi-scale approach to EM reconstruction of neural circuits  

PubMed Central

The automated tape-collecting ultramicrotome (ATUM) makes it possible to collect large numbers of ultrathin sections quickly—the equivalent of a petabyte of high resolution images each day. However, even high throughput image acquisition strategies generate images far more slowly (at present ~1 terabyte per day). We therefore developed WaferMapper, a software package that takes a multi-resolution approach to mapping and imaging select regions within a library of ultrathin sections. This automated method selects and directs imaging of corresponding regions within each section of an ultrathin section library (UTSL) that may contain many thousands of sections. Using WaferMapper, it is possible to map thousands of tissue sections at low resolution and target multiple points of interest for high resolution imaging based on anatomical landmarks. The program can also be used to expand previously imaged regions, acquire data under different imaging conditions, or re-image after additional tissue treatments. PMID:25018701

Hayworth, Kenneth J.; Morgan, Josh L.; Schalek, Richard; Berger, Daniel R.; Hildebrand, David G. C.; Lichtman, Jeff W.



Fast Image Database Search using TreeStructured VQ #+ JauYuen Chen, Charles A. Bouman and Jan P. Allebach  

E-print Network

Fast Image Database Search using Tree­Structured VQ #+ Jau­Yuen Chen, Charles A. Bouman and Jan P the search of large image databases. Our method can reduce search computation required to locate images which for searching large image databases based on image content. The interest in im­ age search algorithms has grown


Fast Image Database Search using Tree-Structured VQ Jau-Yuen Chen, Charles A. Bouman and Jan P. Allebach  

E-print Network

Fast Image Database Search using Tree-Structured VQ Jau-Yuen Chen, Charles A. Bouman and Jan P the search of large image databases. Our method can reduce search computation required to locate images which for searching large image databases based on image content. The interest in im- age search algorithms has grown


Designing Novel Image Search Interfaces by Understanding Unique Characteristics and Usage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In most major search engines, the interface for image search is the same as traditional Web search: a keyword query followed by a paginated, ranked list of results. Although many image search innovations have appeared in both the literature and on the Web, few have seen widespread use in practice. In this work, we explore the differences between image and general Web search to better support users’ needs. First, we describe some unique characteristics of image search derived through informal interviews with researchers, designers, and managers responsible for building and deploying a major Web search engine. Then, we present results from a large scale analysis of image and Web search logs showing the differences in user behaviour. Grounded in these observations, we present design recommendations for an image search engine supportive of the unique experience of image search. We iterate on a number of designs, and describe a functional prototype that we built.

André, Paul; Cutrell, Edward; Tan, Desney S.; Smith, Greg


SIMPLIcity: Semantics-Sensitive Integrated Matching for Picture LIbraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for efficient content-based image retrieval has increased tremendously in many application areas such as biomedicine, military, commerce, education, and Web image classification and searching. We present here SIMPLIcity (Semantics- sensitive Integrated Matching for Picture LIbraries), an image retrieval system, which uses semantics classification methods, a wavelet-based approach for feature extraction, and integrated region matching based upon image segmentation.

James Ze Wang; Jia Li; Gio Wiederhold



Legacy Tobacco Documents Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California, San Francisco Library and the American Legacy Foundation recently released the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (LTDL), a collection of more than 20 million previously private documents from tobacco industry files. Ranging from approximately the 1950s to recent years, LTDL offers searching, viewing, and downloading of documents, covering projects central to the tobacco industry like marketing, research and development, cigarette analysis and design, as well as industry efforts to establish business in developing countries. Within the next 18 months, more documents will be added to the already extensive collection. Currently, viewers may perform simple or advanced searches; view documents in Adobe Reader format (.pdf) or tagged image file format (.tif); or for a quick look, utilize the page-by-page option to view .gif images within the browser.


Finding corners in images by foveated search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop a new approach to finding corners in images that combines foveated edge detection and curvature calculation with saccadic placement of foveal fixations. Each saccade moves the fovea to a location of high curvature combined with high edge gradient. Edges are located using a foveated Canny edge detector with spatial constant that increases with eccentricity. Next, we calculate a measure of local corner strength, based on a product of curvature and gradient. An inhibition factor based on previous visits to a region of the image prevents the system from repeatedly returning to the same locale. A long saccade is move thes fovea to previously unexplored areas of the image. Subsequent short saccades improve the accuracy of the location of the corner approximated by the long saccade. The system is tested on two natural scenes and the results compared against subjects observing the same test images through an eyetracker. Results show that the algorithm is a good locator of corners.

Arnow, Thomas L.; Bovik, Alan C.



[How to search National Library of Medicine databases. NLM Gateway: [presentation and method of use (update: May 15, 2002)].  


The aim of this paper is to provide a practical kit in French for bibliographic retrieval using NLM Gateway, a Web-based retrieval service that lets users search simultaneously in multiple National Library of Medicine databases and information resources. We try to explain screen by screen, how this bibliographic retrieval tool works and try to make it easy to use to every single French-speaking end-user. PMID:12196305

Mouillet, Evelyne



Search and detection modeling of military imaging systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For more than 50 years, the U.S. Army RDECOM CERDEC Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) has been studying the science behind the human processes of searching and detecting, and using that knowledge to develop and refine its models for military imaging systems. Modeling how human observers perform military tasks while using imaging systems in the field and linking that model with the physics of the systems has resulted in the comprehensive sensor models we have today. These models are used by the government, military, industry, and academia for sensor development, sensor system acquisition, military tactics development, and war-gaming. From the original hypothesis put forth by John Johnson in 1958, to modeling time-limited search, to modeling the impact of motion on target detection, to modeling target acquisition performance in different spectral bands, the concept of search has a wide-ranging history. Our purpose is to present a snapshot of that history; as such, it will begin with a description of the search-modeling task, followed by a summary of highlights from the early years, and concluding with a discussion of search and detection modeling today and the changing battlefield. Some of the topics to be discussed will be classic search, clutter, computational vision models and the ACQUIRE model with its variants. We do not claim to present a complete history here, but rather a look at some of the work that has been done, and this is meant to be an introduction to an extensive amount of work on a complex topic. That said, it is hoped that this overview of the history of search and detection modeling of military imaging systems pursued by NVESD directly, or in association with other government agencies or contractors, will provide both the novice and experienced search modeler with a useful historical summary and an introduction to current issues and future challenges.

Maurer, Tana; Wilson, David L.; Driggers, Ronald G.



Hard X ray imaging graphics development and literature search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report presents work performed between June 1990 and June 1991 and has the following objectives: (1) a comprehensive literature search of imaging technology and coded aperture imaging as well as relevant topics relating to solar flares; (2) an analysis of random number generators; and (3) programming simulation models of hard x ray telescopes. All programs are compatible with NASA/MSFC Space Science LAboratory VAX Cluster and are written in VAX FORTRAN and VAX IDL (Interactive Data Language).

Emslie, A. Gordon


Hard x ray imaging graphics development and literature search  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents work performed between June 1990 and June 1991 and has the following objectives: (1) a comprehensive literature search of imaging technology and coded aperture imaging as well as relevant topics relating to solar flares; (2) an analysis of random number generators; and (3) programming simulation models of hard x ray telescopes. All programs are compatible with NASA/MSFC Space Science LAboratory VAX Cluster and are written in VAX FORTRAN and VAX IDL (Interactive Data Language).

Emslie, A. Gordon



Digital Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of digital libraries research, practice, and literature. Highlights include new technologies; redefining roles; historical background; trends; creating digital content, including conversion; metadata; organizing digital resources; services; access; information retrieval; searching; natural language processing; visualization;…

Fox, Edward A.; Urs, Shalini R.



Picture This: Preferences for Image Search [Extended Abstract  

E-print Network

Picture This: Preferences for Image Search [Extended Abstract] Paul N. Bennett Microsoft Research One Microsoft Way Redmond, WA 98052 David Maxwell Chickering Microsoft Corporation One Microsoft Way Redmond, WA 98052 Anton Mityagin Microsoft Corporation One

Dumais, Susan


3280 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 20, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2011 Improving Web Image Search by  

E-print Network

images, the TBIR has been widely used in popular image search engines (e.g., , , and ). Specifically Search by Bag-Based Reranking Lixin Duan, Wen Li, Ivor Wai-Hung Tsang, and Dong Xu, Member, IEEE Abstract--Given a textual query in traditional text-based image retrieval (TBIR), relevant images are to be reranked using

Tsang Wai Hung "Ivor"


Imaging crystal/spectral line search  

SciTech Connect

The following table is a compilation of chance coincidences between x- ray line wavelengths and crystal planes which will reflect those wavelengths near normal incidence. The motivation is to explore the possibilities for expanding the range of choices for near normal incidence x-ray crystal imaging.

Koch, J.A.



Rebels in search of champions: Envisioning the library of the future  

SciTech Connect

The traditional role of librarians to secure and provide access to the archives of recorded knowledge is being rapidly challenged on three fronts: the increasing technical sophistication of library users, the wide availability of information management software, and economic pressures on the growth of library collections. While we may argue endlessly about turf'' and ownership'', the real challenge is to forge a new ethic of librarianship which defies the stereotype of the passive provider of information services, explores new models of partnership with users, and champions an interactive environment in which to create the library of the future. The Main Library at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is actively engaged in testing experimental models of the library of the future, centered on dynamic user-librarian interactions, versatile information technologies, and on forecasting creative partnerships with library users in different environments. These experiments are described, evaluated, and their implications for future development are explored. 39 refs.

Moulik, A.; Lai, D.



Searching for Images: The Analysis of Users' Queries for Image Retrieval in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied users' queries for visual information in American history to identify the image attributes important for retrieval and the characteristics of users' queries for digital images, based on queries from 38 faculty and graduate students. Results of pre- and post-test questionnaires and interviews suggest principle categories of search terms.…

Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie M.



Adapted waveform analysis, wavelet packets, and local cosine libraries as a tool for image processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adapted wave form analysis, refers to a collection of FFT like adapted transform algorithms. Given an image these methods provide special matched collections of templates (orthonormal bases) enabling an efficient coding of the image. Perhaps the closest well known examples of such coding method is provided by musical notation, where each segment of music is represented by a musical score made up of notes (templates) characterized by their duration, pitch, location and amplitude, our method corresponds to transcribing the music in as few notes as possible. The extension of images and video is straightforward. We describe the image by collections of oscillatory patterns of various sizes, locations and amplitudes using a variety of orthogonal bases. These selected basis functions are chosen inside predefined libraries of oscillatory localized functions (trigonometric and wavelet-packets waveforms) so as to optimize the number of parameters needed to describe our object. These algorithms are of complexity N log N opening the door for a large range of applications in signal and image processing, such as compression, feature extraction denoising and enhancement. In particular we describe a class of special purpose compressions for fingerprint images, as well as denoising tools for texture and noise extraction.

Coifman, Ronald R.



Searching for pulsars using image pattern recognition  

E-print Network

In this paper, we present a novel artificial intelligence (AI) program that identifies pulsars from recent surv eys using image pattern recognition with deep neural nets---the PICS(Pulsar Image-based Classification System) AI. The AI mimics human experts and distinguishes pulsars from noise and interferences by looking for patterns from candidate. The information from each pulsar candidate is synthesized in four diagnostic plots, which consist of up to thousands pixel of image data. The AI takes these data from each candidate as its input and uses thousands of such candidates to train its $\\sim$9000 neurons. Different from other pulsar selection programs which use pre-designed patterns, the PICS AI teaches itself the salient features of different pulsars from a set of human-labeled candidates through machine learning. The deep neural networks in this AI system grant it superior ability in recognizing various types of pulsars as well as their harmonic signals. The trained AI's performance has been validated wi...

Zhu, W W; Madsen, E C; Tan, M; Stairs, I H; Brazier, A; Lazarus, P; Lynch, R; Scholz, P; Stovall, K; Random, S M; Banaszak, S; Biwer, C M; Cohen, S; Dartez, L P; Flanigan, J; Lunsford, G; Matinez, J G; Mata, A; Rohr, M; Walker, A; Allen, B; Bhat, N D R; Bogdanov, S; Camilo, F; Chatterjee, S; Cordes, J M; Crawford, F; Deneva, J S; Desvignes, G; Ferdman, R D; Hessels, J W T; Jenet, F A; Kaplan, D; Kaspi, V M; Knispel, B; Lee, K J; van Leeuwen, J; Lyne, A G; McLaughlin, M A; Spitler, L G



On-line literature searching: comparison of PaperChase and National Library of Medicine data bases.  


Two computerized retrieval systems--the National Library of Medicine (NLM) data bases (MEDLINE, TOXLINE, and their respective backfiles) and PaperChase (PC), a subset of the NLM data base, were compared. Comparative parameters of retrieval and costs for literature searching performed on each system were evaluated. Objective measures were used in the evaluation, as well as a subjective assessment of user satisfaction with each system. Data indicate that NLM is a faster and more direct search procedure for a trained individual, making it a more favorable choice in a drug information center. PC is a valuable tool for sites requiring or offering on-line access to many different people searching infrequently. Because P & T Committees must have access to comprehensive and timely literature, knowledge of various retrieval systems is beneficial. PMID:10301284

Souney, P F; Miller, C; Braun, L



Oriented modulation for watermarking in direct binary search halftone images.  


In this paper, a halftoning-based watermarking method is presented. This method enables high pixel-depth watermark embedding, while maintaining high image quality. This technique is capable of embedding watermarks with pixel depths up to 3 bits without causing prominent degradation to the image quality. To achieve high image quality, the parallel oriented high-efficient direct binary search (DBS) halftoning is selected to be integrated with the proposed orientation modulation (OM) method. The OM method utilizes different halftone texture orientations to carry different watermark data. In the decoder, the least-mean-square-trained filters are applied for feature extraction from watermarked images in the frequency domain, and the naïve Bayes classifier is used to analyze the extracted features and ultimately to decode the watermark data. Experimental results show that the DBS-based OM encoding method maintains a high degree of image quality and realizes the processing efficiency and robustness to be adapted in printing applications. PMID:22581134

Guo, Jing-Ming; Su, Chang-Cheng; Liu, Yun-Fu; Lee, Hua; Lee, Jiann-Der



Searching for the limit of image quality in film radiography  

SciTech Connect

Radiographic film image quality in general was, and in most cases still is, considered as a very subjective and rather vague parameter. Yet it is of vital importance to the NDT and related quality control and quality assurance industry. Therefore, lately Agfa has put a major effort into quantifying image quality in an objective, measurable way. It was in the framework of this optimization project, that the authors, based on these new insights in imaging of industrial film systems, strived to search for the limit of the highest achievable image quality. In this paper they report these results. They not only report these results in an academic way, meaning how this highest image quality can be achieved under lab conditions, but also how these same results can be obtained under practical e.g. field-conditions.

Vaessen, B.; Perdieus, P.; Florens, R. [Agfa Gevaert N.V., Mortsel (Belgium). Business Unit NDT



Why Not, WINE?: Towards Answering Why-Not Questions in Social Image Search  

E-print Network

Image Retrieval (TagIR) for finding relevant high-quality images using keyword queries have recently this goal, it is often challenging to generate high quality search results for a search query which canWhy Not, WINE?: Towards Answering Why-Not Questions in Social Image Search Sourav S Bhowmick Aixin

Aixin, Sun


In Search of Facilitating Citizens' Problem Solving: Public Libraries' Collaborative Development of Services with Related Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The paper attempts to understand value constellations in organising and using the business information service that was recently developed by various stakeholders with libraries who were in pursuit of supporting people's problem solving in Japanese public libraries. Method: In-depth interviews were conducted not only with users and…

Ikeya, Nozomi; Tamura, Shunsaku; Miwa, Makiko; Koshizuka, Mika; Saito, Seiichi; Kasai, Yumiko



IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING 1 Foveated Visual Search for Corners  

E-print Network

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING 1 Foveated Visual Search for Corners Thomas Arnow, Member search process. We develop principles of foveated visual search and automated fixation selection to accomplish the corner search, supplying a case study of both foveated search and foveated feature detection

Texas at Austin, University of


On the Relationship Between Library Schools, Search Service Vendors, and Database Producers. Position Paper No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cooperative arrangements between search service vendors, database producers, and teachers of online searching would recognize the needs of the latter while benefiting each group. A representative of an official organization of faculty specializing in teaching online searching, would speak for the group in discussions with search services, database…

Mignon, Edmond, Ed.


Keyword Searching and the Internet: Not Just for the Library Anymore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of hits on Internet keyword searches can be limited by following some tips and tricks to using search engines efficiently. Recommends being specific, checking relevancy, using multiple search engines, and using directories. Includes a bibliography of search engines, directories, and print and Internet articles. (PEN)

Schrock, Kathleen



SimITK: visual programming of the ITK image-processing library within Simulink.  


The Insight Segmentation and Registration Toolkit (ITK) is a software library used for image analysis, visualization, and image-guided surgery applications. ITK is a collection of C++ classes that poses the challenge of a steep learning curve should the user not have appropriate C++ programming experience. To remove the programming complexities and facilitate rapid prototyping, an implementation of ITK within a higher-level visual programming environment is presented: SimITK. ITK functionalities are automatically wrapped into "blocks" within Simulink, the visual programming environment of MATLAB, where these blocks can be connected to form workflows: visual schematics that closely represent the structure of a C++ program. The heavily templated C++ nature of ITK does not facilitate direct interaction between Simulink and ITK; an intermediary is required to convert respective data types and allow intercommunication. As such, a SimITK "Virtual Block" has been developed that serves as a wrapper around an ITK class which is capable of resolving the ITK data types to native Simulink data types. Part of the challenge surrounding this implementation involves automatically capturing and storing the pertinent class information that need to be refined from an initial state prior to being reflected within the final block representation. The primary result from the SimITK wrapping procedure is multiple Simulink block libraries. From these libraries, blocks are selected and interconnected to demonstrate two examples: a 3D segmentation workflow and a 3D multimodal registration workflow. Compared to their pure-code equivalents, the workflows highlight ITK usability through an alternative visual interpretation of the code that abstracts away potentially confusing technicalities. PMID:24402456

Dickinson, Andrew W L; Abolmaesumi, Purang; Gobbi, David G; Mousavi, Parvin



A search of outer Trojans on ASTROVIRTEL images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the main results of a search of outer Trojans on ESO/ESA ASTROVIRTEL images, and the usefulness and the limitations of such an archive for the discovery and dynamical classification of minor bodies. The work was performed in the frame of a program having the aim to detect bodies orbiting around the Lagrangian points of the outer planets. A large number of images taken from 1999 to 2001 with the wide field imager (WFI) camera of the 2.2 m telescope of ESO at La Silla for entirely different scientific reasons, but happening to be in the wanted Lagrangian positions, was retrieved with a dedicated search engine. The moving objects present on these images were detected and examined with specific software tools that permitted one to find out about 1500 minor bodies (mostly previously unknown). More than 5000 positions were sent to the Minor Planet Center, and the search was given the designation I03. The total sky area covered by I03 is of approximately 50 square degrees, and in some areas the limiting magnitudes were fainter than the 24th in the R band. A preliminary classification of the kinematics of the I03 discoveries (using a dedicated code, named AMIGO apparent motion interpretation of generic orbits) has produced several Trojan candidates of Jupiter and of the outer planets. Furthermore, pre-discovery positions have been provided for one NEO, three Jupiter Trojans and three TNOs.

Barbieri, C.; Marchi, S.; Migliorini, A.; Magrin, S.; Skvar?, J.; Marzari, F.; Scholl, H.; Albrecht, R.



Instantaneous mental image search with range queries on multiple region descriptors  

E-print Network

Instantaneous mental image search with range queries on multiple region descriptors Julien Fauqueur:// Abstract. The Mental Image Search paradigm allows the user to re- trieve images which match of the user's mental image. Sophisticated query can be formulated in a simple and intuitive way through

Fauqueur, Julien


PubMed search tips March 2013, Medical Library Nijmegen MeSH Search Medical Subject Headings  

E-print Network

or in selected fields, like title, abstract, author. Untagged terms that are entered in the search box with a MeSH term in PubMed you have 2 options: 1. Type the MeSH term in the PubMed search box adding [MeSH] 2. Find a term in the MeSH Database, click on Add to Search Builder (right of the screen

van Suijlekom, Walter


Federal Depository Library Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Library Depository Directory is the official GPO (Government Printing Office) directory of all Federal depository libraries. Users can search the directory by eighteen characteristics, including institution, size, type, state, city, librarian, or date of designation. Searches return all of the necessary contact information and links to the library's latest Item Lister item selection profile record.




E-print Network

search engine. From this data set, terms were used to identify queries for audio, image, and video multimedia files by searching for file extensions and matching the filename to terms in the query (WittenSEARCHING FOR MULTIMEDIA: AN ANALYSIS OF AUDIO, VIDEO, AND IMAGE WEB QUERIES Bernard J. Jansen

Jansen, James


An Evaluation of Major Image Search Engines on Various Query Topics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the information retrieval effectiveness of major image search engines based on various query topics. Initially, major image search engines, namely, Google, Yahoo, Ask and MSN are selected. Then, seven appropriate topics are determined from the categories of the top search terms used on the web and five queries per topic are chosen. Each query is run on

E. Cakir; H. Bahceci; Y. Bitirim



Adapted waveform analysis, wavelet packets, and local cosine libraries as a tool for image processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Adapted wave form analysis, refers to a collection of FFT like adapted transform algorithms. Given an image these methods provide special matched collections of templates (orthonormal bases) enabling an efficient coding of the image. Perhaps the closest well known example of such coding method is provided by musical notation, where each segment of music is represented by a musical score made up of notes (templates) characterised by their duration, pitch, location and amplitude, our method corresponds to transcribing the music in as few notes as possible. The extension to images and video is straightforward we describe the image by collections of oscillatory patterns (paint brush strokes)of various sizes locations and amplitudes using a variety of orthogonal bases. These selected basis functions are chosen inside predefined libraries of oscillatory localized functions (trigonometric and wavelet-packets waveforms) so as to optimize the number of parameters needed to describe our object. These algorithms are of complexity N log N opening the door for a large range of applications in signal and image processing, such as compression, feature extraction denoising and enhancement. In particular we describe a class of special purpose compressions for fingerprint irnages, as well as denoising tools for texture and noise extraction. We start by relating traditional Fourier methods to wavelet, wavelet-packet based algorithms using a recent refinement of the windowed sine and cosine transforms. We will then derive an adapted local sine transform show it's relation to wavelet and wavelet-packet analysis and describe an analysis toolkit illustrating the merits of different adaptive and nonadaptive schemes.

Coifman, Ronald R.; Woog, Lionel J.



HSI-Find: A Visualization and Search Service for Terascale Spectral Image Catalogs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Imaging spectrometers are remote sensing instruments commonly deployed on aircraft and spacecraft. They provide surface reflectance in hundreds of wavelength channels, creating data cubes known as hyperspecrtral images. They provide rich compositional information making them powerful tools for planetary and terrestrial science. These data products can be challenging to interpret because they contain datapoints numbering in the thousands (Dawn VIR) or millions (AVIRIS-C). Cross-image studies or exploratory searches involving more than one scene are rare; data volumes are often tens of GB per image and typical consumer-grade computers cannot store more than a handful of images in RAM. Visualizing the information in a single scene is challenging since the human eye can only distinguish three color channels out of the hundreds available. To date, analysis has been performed mostly on single images using purpose-built software tools that require extensive training and commercial licenses. The HSIFind software suite provides a scalable distributed solution to the problem of visualizing and searching large catalogs of spectral image data. It consists of a RESTful web service that communicates to a javascript-based browser client. The software provides basic visualization through an intuitive visual interface, allowing users with minimal training to explore the images or view selected spectra. Users can accumulate a library of spectra from one or more images and use these to search for similar materials. The result appears as an intensity map showing the extent of a spectral feature in a scene. Continuum removal can isolate diagnostic absorption features. The server-side mapping algorithm uses an efficient matched filter algorithm that can process a megapixel image cube in just a few seconds. This enables real-time interaction, leading to a new way of interacting with the data: the user can launch a search with a single mouse click and see the resulting map in seconds. This allows the user to quickly explore each image, ascertain the main units of surface material, localize outliers, and develop an understanding of the various materials' spectral characteristics. The HSIFind software suite is currently in beta testing at the Planetary Science Institute and a process is underway to release it under an open source license to the broader community. We believe it will benefit instrument operations during remote planetary exploration, where tactical mission decisions demand rapid analysis of each new dataset. The approach also holds potential for public spectral catalogs where its shallow learning curve and portability can make these datasets accessible to a much wider range of researchers. Acknowledgements: The HSIFind project acknowledges the NASA Advanced MultiMission Operating System (AMMOS) and the Multimission Ground Support Services (MGSS). E. Palmer is with the Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ. Other authors are with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA. This work was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Copyright 2013, California Institute of Technology.

Thompson, D. R.; Smith, A. T.; Castano, R.; Palmer, E. E.; Xing, Z.



Managing biomedical image metadata for search and retrieval of similar images.  


Radiology images are generally disconnected from the metadata describing their contents, such as imaging observations ("semantic" metadata), which are usually described in text reports that are not directly linked to the images. We developed a system, the Biomedical Image Metadata Manager (BIMM) to (1) address the problem of managing biomedical image metadata and (2) facilitate the retrieval of similar images using semantic feature metadata. Our approach allows radiologists, researchers, and students to take advantage of the vast and growing repositories of medical image data by explicitly linking images to their associated metadata in a relational database that is globally accessible through a Web application. BIMM receives input in the form of standard-based metadata files using Web service and parses and stores the metadata in a relational database allowing efficient data query and maintenance capabilities. Upon querying BIMM for images, 2D regions of interest (ROIs) stored as metadata are automatically rendered onto preview images included in search results. The system's "match observations" function retrieves images with similar ROIs based on specific semantic features describing imaging observation characteristics (IOCs). We demonstrate that the system, using IOCs alone, can accurately retrieve images with diagnoses matching the query images, and we evaluate its performance on a set of annotated liver lesion images. BIMM has several potential applications, e.g., computer-aided detection and diagnosis, content-based image retrieval, automating medical analysis protocols, and gathering population statistics like disease prevalences. The system provides a framework for decision support systems, potentially improving their diagnostic accuracy and selection of appropriate therapies. PMID:20844917

Korenblum, Daniel; Rubin, Daniel; Napel, Sandy; Rodriguez, Cesar; Beaulieu, Chris



Collaboration as a Key to Digital Library Development: High Performance Image Management at the University of Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the University of Washington Digital Libraries Initiative that provides the context for effective collaboration among faculty, engineers, students, and librarians for the creation, use, and investigation of electronic information services, resources, and systems developed from a users' perspective. Also explains an image-archiving…

Bunker, Geri; Zick, Greg



Director of Libraries W.E.B. Du Bois Library  

E-print Network

Director of Libraries W.E.B. Du Bois Library University of Massachusetts Amherst 154 Hicks Way Amherst, MA 01003-9275 Nonprofit Organization U.S. Postage PAID Permit Number 2 Amherst, MA 01002 IMAGE COLLECTION LIBRARY MUSIC RESERVE LAB INTEGRATED SCIENCES AND ENGINEERING LIBRARY ReportoftheLibrary

Schweik, Charles M.


Image search engine with selective filtering and feature-element-based classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the growth of Internet and storage capability in recent years, image has become a widespread information format in World Wide Web. However, it has become increasingly harder to search for images of interest, and effective image search engine for the WWW needs to be developed. We propose in this paper a selective filtering process and a novel approach for

Qing Li; YuJin Zhang; Shengyang Dai



Image Similarity Search using a Negative Selection Algorithm Stein Keijzers1  

E-print Network

whether NSA is applicable to Image Similarity Search, two sets of experiments are conducted. First, we consider a publicly available dataset of holiday images and assess manually how good the results of NSA are used by Google, but to show that NSA can be applied to search by image. Background The original

Marchiori, Elena


Photo Library of the Nevada Site Office (Includes historical archive of nuclear testing images)  

DOE Data Explorer

See also the Historical Film Library at and the Current Film Library at Current films can be viewed online, but only short clips of the historical films are viewable. They can be ordered via an online request form for a very small shipping and handling fee.


EagleRank: A Novel Ranking Model for Web Image Search Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explosive growth of World Wide Web has already made it the biggest image repository. Despite some image search engines\\u000a provide con-venient access to web images, they frequently yield unwanted results. Locating needed and relevant images remains\\u000a a challenging task. This paper proposes a novel ranking model named EagleRank for web image search engine. In EagleRank, multiple\\u000a sources of evidence

Kangmiao Liu; Wei Chen; Chun Chen; Jiajun Bu; Can Wang; Peng Huang



Modeling Users' Successive Searches in Digital Environments. A National Science Foundation/British Library Funded Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the nature, manifestations, and behavior of successive searching by users in digital environments, and establishes criteria for use in the design of information-retrieval interfaces and systems supporting successive-searching behavior. Study includes two projects--one based at the University of North Texas, one at the…

Spink, Amanda; Wilson, Tom; Ellis, David; Ford, Nigel



Bad Pixels, Cosmic Rays, and PSF-libraries from deep HST/WFC images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the careful removal of bad pixels and cosmic-ray (``CR'') events from HST/WFC images. The WFC bad-pixel map is known to vary with time, because the intense on-orbit CR-flux (see below) increases the dark-current of pixels that have been hit by CR's many times. This is not always properly reflected in the standard WFC dark-frames. We have thus begun a program to monitor and update ``new'' WFC bad pixels over time. Similarly, we present the construction of a library of PSF-stars from available Cycle 1 images across the WFC field-of-view in various filters. This will allow us to monitor the PSF's time- and focus-dependence, and to properly deconvolve objects seen in sub-sections of WFC images with no available nearby PSF-star (see our other HST AAS-posters this Volume). To assess the on-orbit cosmic-ray flux quantitatively, we constructed CR-clipped images from our 8---12 orbit WFC data-cube through an iterative local 2sigma -clip that uses and preserves the local S/N per pixel, and subtracted these from the straight image average. The resulting ``CR-images'' were processed with FOCAS using various detection thresholds. Differential CR ``magnitude-counts'' follow from their summed DN/unit time (as if all CR's had been misclassified as objects). The CR-``counts'' have a power-law slope gamma =~ 0.60 [N(m)~ m(gamma ) ]. At Gunn g=25 mag, the CR-``counts'' are ~ 1.0 dex higher in amplitude than the galaxy counts. They continue with a nearly ``Euclidean'' slope down to g=27.5 mag (our 1-sigma point source sensitivity), below which they turnover due to ``incompleteness'' and FOCAS splitting problems. Their formal sky-integral thus ``diverges'' into the noise, and their integral surface density approaches ~ 10(8) \\ deg(-2) down to g=28 mag, which corresponds to 1 out of every 12 pixels in the WFC data-cube, or an integrated sky-signal of at least V =~ 25.0--25.75 mag/arcsec(-2) . This work was supported by NASA/HST grants GO-2405-01-87A from STScI, which is operated by AURA, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555, and by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

Franklin, B. E.; Duchene, N. S.; Schroeder, L. L.; Gordon, J. M.; Neuschaefer, L. W.; Windhorst, R. A.



Protocols for printing thick film ceramic libraries using the London University Search Instrument (LUSI)  

SciTech Connect

Thick film combinatorial libraries can be prepared by mixing ceramic suspensions using stepper-driven syringes to control ink-jet-printing nozzles, but a more tolerant and efficient method has been devised using a simplification of the same equipment. By simplifying the printing sequence and using direct deposition from the stepper syringes, the time committed to a repetitive sequence of priming and cleaning the ink-jet printer nozzles is reduced. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) open ended tubes and commercial pipette tips are used as the printing nozzles. Calibration and corrections for the method are described. This method opens up the possibility for making ceramic libraries more rapidly with much simpler and less expensive equipment.

Chen, L.; Zhang, Y.; Yang, S.; Evans, J. R. G. [Queen Mary, University of London, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS (United Kingdom)



Index of Medieval Medical Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Images from medieval medical manuscripts held by major libraries - including the National Library of Medicine, Rosenbach Museum and Library, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), University of Vermont, and Yale University - make up the Index of Medieval Medical Images. The indexing project began in 1988, and in 2001, a pilot project was started to digitize about 500 images and make them available online. To start, click on "Search Images". We found browsing to be the most productive way to begin searching, as it makes it possible to select search terms such as subject and image type, date and country of origin. Once familiar with the database, keyword and advanced searches are also fruitful. Another useful tool "My Virtual Collection" allows users to add notes to images and save them - creating their own collection, users can then choose to email their personal collection to themselves, students, or colleagues.


More than the Usual Searches: a GIS Based Digital Library of the Spanish Ancient Cartography  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Inside the frame established by the Council of the European Union about Digital Libraries, we are creating a complete and\\u000a multilingual database on Spanish ancient cartography. It gathers the documents located in the different archives, that yet\\u000a today remain disperse and even unknown. We are also implementing an open Geographic Information System, that surpasses the\\u000a usual operability of the traditional

Pilar Chías; Tomás Abad


Exploiting Chemical Libraries, Structure, and Genomics in the Search for Kinase Inhibitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selective protein kinase inhibitors were developed on the basis of the unexpected binding mode of 2,6,9-trisubstituted purines to the adenosine triphosphate-binding site of the human cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2). By iterating chemical library synthesis and biological screening, potent inhibitors of the human CDK2-cyclin A kinase complex and of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc28p were identified. The structural basis for the binding affinity

David J. Lockhart; Sung-Hou Kim; Laurent Meijer; Sophie LeClerc; Georjana Barnes; David O. Morgan; F. Hernan Espinoza; Soojin Kwon; Andy-Mark W. H. Thunnissen; Lisa Wodicka; Nathanael S. Gray; Peter G. Schultz; Thea C. Norman



Library Regulations Library Regulations  

E-print Network

Library Regulations 2012-13 Library Regulations UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM REGULATIONS LIBRARY REGULATIONS Preamble: The Library Regulations apply to all users of library facilities managed on behalf of the University by Library Services, and thus there are sections that apply also to non- members of the University

Birmingham, University of



E-print Network

LIBRARY SERVICES LIBRARY HOURS Up-to-date library hours are posted at http Wesleyan ID that is linked to the library circulation database is needed to charge out library materials to visit the Circulation Office in Olin Library 115 to set up their borrowing privileges. If you have

Royer, Dana


A new image stabilization algorithm based on improved diamond search combined with adaptive partitioning optimization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the traditional block matching method in the larger search window tend to fall into local optimum to be unsuitable solving large pan shake image stabilization problem, a new image stabilization algorithm is proposed, which is still based on diamond search, but the pattern of large template is modified to ring, search domain is partitioned and sorted by size, global motion vector is extracted through maximum sample statistics and compensated through adaptive mean filter. A numerical example is calculated to show that the method has a higher search efficiency than exhaustive search, three-step search, four-step search and traditional diamond search; maximum sample statistics avoid the prospect's interference effectively when global motion vectors is extracted; adaptive filter compensation has better real-time and smoothness than a fixed size one; PSNR of images after processed is higher significantly than the one before processed. Therefore the results above verify the accuracy of the algorithm and feasibility.

Zhang, Yifei; Ma, Na; Zhang, Changquan; Chen, Yuefeng



Optical Disc Technology and the Cooperative Television Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the feasibility of individual television film libraries combining film holdings onto optical disks and developing networks that would allow online searching of, access to, and transmission of video images. It is concluded that recent advances in technology would support fast and cost effective image retrieval with no loss in video…

Kranch, Douglas



AMICO Library: Bringing Art to Young People Everywhere.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the AMICO (Art Museum Image Consortium) Library, a digital database that includes works of art from museums in the United States and Canada whose images are licensed to educational institutions. Discusses quality; uses for studio art and art history; search capabilities; interdisciplinary uses; cultural works; and information included…

Safford, Barbara Ripp



Start Your Search Engines. Part 2: When Image is Everything, Here are Some Great Ways to Find One  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is no doubt that Google is great for finding images. Simply head to its home page, click the "Images" link, enter criteria in the search box, and--voila! In this article, the authors share some of their other favorite search engines for finding images. To make sure the desired images are available for educational use, consider searching for…

Adam, Anna; Mowers, Helen



Information Literacy for Users at the National Medical Library of Cuba: Cochrane Library Course for the Search of Best Evidence for Clinical Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Medical Library of Cuba is currently developing an information literacy program to train users in the use of biomedical databases. This paper describes the experience with the course "Cochrane Library: Evidence-Based Medicine," which aims to teach users how to make the best use of this database, as well as the evidence-based medicine…

Santana Arroyo, Sonia; del Carmen Gonzalez Rivero, Maria



Categorical and Specificity Differences between User-Supplied Tags and Search Query Terms for Images. An Analysis of "Flickr" Tags and Web Image Search Queries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to compare characteristics and features of user supplied tags and search query terms for images on the "Flickr" Website in terms of categories of pictorial meanings and level of term specificity. Method: This study focuses on comparisons between tags and search queries using Shatford's categorization…

Chung, EunKyung; Yoon, JungWon



The search for new amphiphiles: synthesis of a modular, high-throughput library.  


Amphiphilic compounds are used in a variety of applications due to their lyotropic liquid-crystalline phase formation, however only a limited number of compounds, in a potentially limitless field, are currently in use. A library of organic amphiphilic compounds was synthesised consisting of glucose, galactose, lactose, xylose and mannose head groups and double and triple-chain hydrophobic tails. A modular, high-throughput approach was developed, whereby head and tail components were conjugated using the copper-catalysed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. The tails were synthesised from two core alkyne-tethered intermediates, which were subsequently functionalised with hydrocarbon chains varying in length and degree of unsaturation and branching, while the five sugar head groups were selected with ranging substitution patterns and anomeric linkages. A library of 80 amphiphiles was subsequently produced, using a 24-vial array, with the majority formed in very good to excellent yields. A preliminary assessment of the liquid-crystalline phase behaviour is also presented. PMID:25161714

Feast, George C; Lepitre, Thomas; Mulet, Xavier; Conn, Charlotte E; Hutt, Oliver E; Savage, G Paul; Drummond, Calum J



The search for new amphiphiles: synthesis of a modular, high-throughput library  

PubMed Central

Summary Amphiphilic compounds are used in a variety of applications due to their lyotropic liquid-crystalline phase formation, however only a limited number of compounds, in a potentially limitless field, are currently in use. A library of organic amphiphilic compounds was synthesised consisting of glucose, galactose, lactose, xylose and mannose head groups and double and triple-chain hydrophobic tails. A modular, high-throughput approach was developed, whereby head and tail components were conjugated using the copper-catalysed azide–alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. The tails were synthesised from two core alkyne-tethered intermediates, which were subsequently functionalised with hydrocarbon chains varying in length and degree of unsaturation and branching, while the five sugar head groups were selected with ranging substitution patterns and anomeric linkages. A library of 80 amphiphiles was subsequently produced, using a 24-vial array, with the majority formed in very good to excellent yields. A preliminary assessment of the liquid-crystalline phase behaviour is also presented. PMID:25161714

Feast, George C; Lepitre, Thomas; Mulet, Xavier; Conn, Charlotte E; Hutt, Oliver E



Efficient substructure searching of large chemical libraries: the ABCD chemical cartridge.  


Efficient substructure searching is a key requirement for any chemical information management system. In this paper, we describe the substructure search capabilities of ABCD, an integrated drug discovery informatics platform developed at Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C. The solution consists of several algorithmic components: 1) a pattern mapping algorithm for solving the subgraph isomorphism problem, 2) an indexing scheme that enables very fast substructure searches on large structure files, 3) the incorporation of that indexing scheme into an Oracle cartridge to enable querying large relational databases through SQL, and 4) a cost estimation scheme that allows the Oracle cost-based optimizer to generate a good execution plan when a substructure search is combined with additional constraints in a single SQL query. The algorithm was tested on a public database comprising nearly 1 million molecules using 4,629 substructure queries, the vast majority of which were submitted by discovery scientists over the last 2.5 years of user acceptance testing of ABCD. 80.7% of these queries were completed in less than a second and 96.8% in less than ten seconds on a single CPU, while on eight processing cores these numbers increased to 93.2% and 99.7%, respectively. The slower queries involved extremely generic patterns that returned the entire database as screening hits and required extensive atom-by-atom verification. PMID:22035187

Agrafiotis, Dimitris K; Lobanov, Victor S; Shemanarev, Maxim; Rassokhin, Dmitrii N; Izrailev, Sergei; Jaeger, Edward P; Alex, Simson; Farnum, Michael



A critical evaluation of spectral library searching for the application of automotive paint database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hit-and-run cases can be investigated by comparing paint traces collected from traffic scene with standard paints stored in a database. IR spectra of automobiles have been amassed in a database for searching purposes. Based on weather conditions and paints in different varying regions, this IR spectra database should be evaluated for its forensic application. Original automotive paints were herein provided

Wei-Tun Chang; Chi-Chung Yu; Yung-Yueh Tsai; Mei Hua


Policy Manual for a Computerized Search Service in an Academic Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proposed policy manual for the computerized information retrieval service of the University of Houston System outlines policies for specific elements of its operation: (1) users--who is/is not eligible for service and for equipment use; (2) cost--rates charged; (3) responsibilities of searchers--maintenance of searching skills, scheduling of…

Jackson, William J.


Asymmetric Hamming Embedding Taking the best of our bits for large scale image search  

E-print Network

Asymmetric Hamming Embedding Taking the best of our bits for large scale image search Mihir Jain an asymmetric Hamming Embedding scheme for large scale image search based on local descrip- tors. The comparison associated with the query compared with the origi- nal Hamming Embedding method. The approach is used

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Effect of Reading Ability and Internet Experience on Keyword-Based Image Search  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Image searches are now crucial for obtaining information, constructing knowledge, and building successful educational outcomes. We investigated how reading ability and Internet experience influence keyword-based image search behaviors and performance. We categorized 58 junior-high-school students into four groups of high/low reading ability and…

Lei, Pei-Lan; Lin, Sunny S. J.; Sun, Chuen-Tsai



Visual search performance of patients with vision impairment: effect of JPEG image enhancement  

E-print Network

Visual search performance of patients with vision impairment: effect of JPEG image enhancement Gang & Peli E. Visual search performance of patients with vision impairment: effect of JPEG image enhancement option for patients with vision impairment resulting from loss of visual acuity and or contrast

Peli, Eli


Searching for Images and Videos on the World-Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a prototype visual information system for searching for images and videos on the World-Wide Web. New visual information in the form of images, graphics, animations and videos is being published on the Web at an incredible rate. However, cataloging this visual data is beyond the capabilities of current text-based Web search engines. The key to cataloging it is

R John; Shih-fu Chang



Learning Object Categories from Google's Image Search L. Fei-Fei2  

E-print Network

, car rear, face, guitar, leopard, motorbike, wrist watch we train models from Google's image searchLearning Object Categories from Google's Image Search R. Fergus1 L. Fei-Fei2 P. Perona2 A such as Google, and we propose to learn visual mod- els directly from this source. However, as can be seen in Fig

Kim, Tae-Kyun


Signal and Image Processing, SIP-2000, Las Vegas, USA, (c) IASTED SEARCHING FOR AURORA  

E-print Network

Signal and Image Processing, SIP-2000, Las Vegas, USA, (c) IASTED SEARCHING FOR AURORA MIKKO T. We demonstrate an automatical algorithm for searching aurora in auroral all-sky images. The algorithm that contain aurora and require further examination in the detection phase. The detection is based on shape

Syrjäsuo, Mikko


Research Libraries Catalog  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The library catalog of the Research Libraries of the New York Public Library (CATNYP) is available for searching via telnet. The catalog includes materials added to the collection since 1971, as well as some materials acquired before 1971. The Research Libraries include four centers: the Center for the Humanities, the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts (LPA), the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, and the Science and Industry Business Library (SIBL). The collections of these libraries contain 38.8 million items, including 11.8 million books. Note, however, that the Research Libraries' collections are for onsite use. telnet:// login: nypl The Research Libraries' catalog is menu pick "2". Telnet to and login: nypl For information about the individual Research Libraries:


Getting the Picture: Observations from the Library of Congress on Providing Online Access to Pictorial Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

OVER THE LAST FEW YEARS, THE LIBRARY (LC) has increas- OF CONGRESS ingly created digital reproductions of visual materials to enhance access to its resources. Digitization is now a mainstream activity in the Prints and Photographs Division (P & P) and the Geography and Maps Division (G & M) . Both divisions work closelywith the National Digital Library Program to



New York Public Library Picture Collection Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.



SearchSmallRNA: a graphical interface tool for the assemblage of viral genomes using small RNA libraries data  

PubMed Central

Background Next-generation parallel sequencing (NGS) allows the identification of viral pathogens by sequencing the small RNAs of infected hosts. Thus, viral genomes may be assembled from host immune response products without prior virus enrichment, amplification or purification. However, mapping of the vast information obtained presents a bioinformatics challenge. Methods In order to by pass the need of line command and basic bioinformatics knowledge, we develop a mapping software with a graphical interface to the assemblage of viral genomes from small RNA dataset obtained by NGS. SearchSmallRNA was developed in JAVA language version 7 using NetBeans IDE 7.1 software. The program also allows the analysis of the viral small interfering RNAs (vsRNAs) profile; providing an overview of the size distribution and other features of the vsRNAs produced in infected cells. Results The program performs comparisons between each read sequenced present in a library and a chosen reference genome. Reads showing Hamming distances smaller or equal to an allowed mismatched will be selected as positives and used to the assemblage of a long nucleotide genome sequence. In order to validate the software, distinct analysis using NGS dataset obtained from HIV and two plant viruses were used to reconstruct viral whole genomes. Conclusions SearchSmallRNA program was able to reconstructed viral genomes using NGS of small RNA dataset with high degree of reliability so it will be a valuable tool for viruses sequencing and discovery. It is accessible and free to all research communities and has the advantage to have an easy-to-use graphical interface. Availability and implementation SearchSmallRNA was written in Java and is freely available at PMID:24607237



A geometry-based image search engine for advanced RADARSAT-1/2 GIS applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space-borne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) sensors, such as RADARSAT-1 and -2, enable a multitude of defense and security applications owing to their unique capabilities of cloud penetration, day/night imaging and multi-polarization imaging. As a result, advanced SAR image time series exploitation techniques such as Interferometric SAR (InSAR) and Radargrammetry are now routinely used in applications such as underground tunnel monitoring, infrastructure monitoring and DEM generation. Imaging geometry, as determined by the satellite orbit and imaged terrain, plays a critical role in the success of such techniques. This paper describes the architecture and the current status of development of a geometry-based search engine that allows the search and visualization of archived and future RADARSAT-1 and -2 images appropriate for a variety of advanced SAR techniques and applications. Key features of the search engine's scalable architecture include (a) Interactive GIS-based visualization of the search results; (b) A client-server architecture for online access that produces up-to-date searches of the archive images and that can, in future, be extended to acquisition planning; (c) A techniquespecific search mode, wherein an expert user explicitly sets search parameters to find appropriate images for advanced SAR techniques such as InSAR and Radargrammetry; (d) A future application-specific search mode, wherein all search parameters implicitly default to preset values according to the application of choice such as tunnel monitoring, DEM generation and deformation mapping; (f) Accurate baseline calculations for InSAR searches, and, optimum beam configuration for Radargrammetric searches; (g) Simulated quick look images and technique-specific sensitivity maps in the future.

Kotamraju, Vinay; Rabus, Bernhard; Busler, Jennifer



Library System Library System  

E-print Network

Library System #12;Library System 5150 Anthony Wayne Drive David Adamany Undergraduate Library that for the current fiscal year, we've been given an additional $600,000 for our library materials budget. We're very subscriptions. The Wayne State University Libraries are deeply committed to providing our faculty and students

Cinabro, David


30 April 2012 Ask us: / Page 1 Special Education Resources @ Your Education Library  

E-print Network

online. Multimedia Search QCAT. Select Education Library as your search limit. Use the Keyword search30 April 2012 Ask us: / Page 1 Special Education Resources @ Your Education Library Search QCAT, the Library Catalogue, for books, videos, and journal titles. Search our

Ellis, Randy


442 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON IMAGE PROCESSING, VOL. 9, NO. 3, MARCH 2000 Hierarchical Browsing and Search of Large Image  

E-print Network

and Search of Large Image Databases Jau-Yuen Chen, Charles A. Bouman, Senior Member, IEEE, and John C. Dalton-mail:; software/imgdatabase). J. C. Dalton


Wirtz Labor Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Labor (DOL) Library, established in 1917, is one of the oldest Cabinet-level libraries and internationally recognized for its excellent collection of labor history materials. Recently dedicated as the Wirtz Labor Library, it has also been placed online. At the site, users can read about the library's history, holdings, and special collections, and most importantly, search the library's card catalog system. Other resources include links to related research resources, a few select bibliographies, and a listing of library events.


Informedia Digital Video Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Informedia Digital Video Library Project is developing new technologies for creating full-content search and retrieval digital video libraries. Working in collaboration with WQED Pittsburgh, the project is creating a testbed that will enable K-12 students to access, explore, and retrieve science and mathematics materials from the digital video library. The library will initially contain 1,000 hours of video from

Michael G. Christel; Takeo Kanade; M. Mauldin; Raj Reddy; Marvin A. Sirbu; Scott M. Stevens; Howard D. Wactlar



Methane Imaging Search for Planetary Mass Objects in Rho Ophiuchi  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Outside our solar system, T dwarfs have the coldest photospheres that are currently accessible to direct observation. With masses inferred to lie between 10 and 60 times that of Jupiter, these objects represent a class of object linking the properties of observable low mass stars and brown dwarfs with those of unobservable extrasolar planets. Because of their low photospheric temperatures, an understanding of the atmospheres of T dwarfs is likely to yield important clues about the nature of giant planetary atmospheres. The cool atmospheres of T dwarfs are rich in molecular gases, especially methane (CH4). In fact, strong, broad CH4 absorption lines at near-infrared wavelengths represent the distinguishing feature of T dwarfs from hotter objects. Most T dwarfs have been discovered in large area sky surveys, however recently astronomers have begun searching for T dwarfs in young star clusters. Surveying young clusters has several advantages. First, low mass objects are more luminous at this stage of their evolution than those in the field. In addition, objects in clusters have well known ages, as opposed to field objects for which the ages are extremely difficult to determine. Finally, as T dwarfs are 2-5 orders of magnitude brighter when young, it allows them to be detected at greater distance. For these reasons, we have recently conducted a CH4 imaging survey of the Rho Ophiuchi cluster for T dwarfs using the IRIS2 imager on the Anglo Australian Telescope. The Rho Ophiuchi cloud is the closest (d 120 parsecs) star-forming region to Earth that has a compact core harboring several hundred young ( 1 Myr) stellar objects. In this poster, we present the results of our imaging survey.

Higley, Sherene J.; Haisch, K. E., Jr.; Barsony, M.; Tinney, C.



Gender Studies Graduate Student Library Orientation, Fall 2012  

E-print Network

Tips: · Omit initial articles (e.g. the, a, an, le, la) when searching for a title · Keyword search Lederman Law Library Engineering and Science (Douglas Library) W.D. Jordan Special Collections and Music Library (Douglas Library) Research Tools Summon Search across the library catalogue and many of our

Graham, Nick


Qualitative Confirmation of 9 Synthetic Cannabinoids and 20 Metabolites in Human Urine Using LC–MS/MS and Library Search  

PubMed Central

Introduction Synthetic cannabinoids are an emerging illicit drug class. The variety of available substances is large and ever-changing, making it difficult for laboratories to remain current. We present a qualitative LC–MS/MS method identifying urinary metabolites of JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-081, JWH-122, JWH-200, JWH-210, JWH-250, RCS-4, and AM2201 and the parent compounds JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-081, JWH-122, JWH-210, JWH-250, RCS-4, AM2201, and MAM2201. Methods After enzymatic hydrolysis, urinary proteins were precipitated with acetonitrile. Chromatography utilized a 10 min gradient on a Kinetex XB-C18 column with 0.1% formic acid in water and acetonitrile. Scheduled multiple reaction monitoring “survey scans” were followed by information-dependent acquisition-enhanced product ion scan experiments on an ABSciex 5500 QTRAP mass spectrometer. Analytes were identified by software-assisted library searching against reference spectra. Results The method was fully validated, including proof of selectivity (no exogenous or endogenous interferences were observed), assessment of matrix effects (95–122%) and recovery (53–95%), determination of limits of detection (0.5–10 ng/mL), carry-over studies (thresholds between 100 and 1000 ng/mL), and determination of autosampler stability (samples were stable for at least 3 days). Hydrolysis efficiency was thoroughly investigated for a wide range of glucuronides and for the reference standard, JWH-018 5-hydroxypentyl glucuronide PMID:23458260

Wohlfarth, Ariane; Scheidweiler, Karl B.; Chen, Xiaohong; Liu, Hua-fen; Huestis, Marilyn A.



Towards better digital pathology workflows: programming libraries for high-speed sharpness assessment of Whole Slide Images  

PubMed Central

Background Since microscopic slides can now be automatically digitized and integrated in the clinical workflow, quality assessment of Whole Slide Images (WSI) has become a crucial issue. We present a no-reference quality assessment method that has been thoroughly tested since 2010 and is under implementation in multiple sites, both public university-hospitals and private entities. It is part of the FlexMIm R&D project which aims to improve the global workflow of digital pathology. For these uses, we have developed two programming libraries, in Java and Python, which can be integrated in various types of WSI acquisition systems, viewers and image analysis tools. Methods Development and testing have been carried out on a MacBook Pro i7 and on a bi-Xeon 2.7GHz server. Libraries implementing the blur assessment method have been developed in Java, Python, PHP5 and MySQL5. For web applications, JavaScript, Ajax, JSON and Sockets were also used, as well as the Google Maps API. Aperio SVS files were converted into the Google Maps format using VIPS and Openslide libraries. Results We designed the Java library as a Service Provider Interface (SPI), extendable by third parties. Analysis is computed in real-time (3 billion pixels per minute). Tests were made on 5000 single images, 200 NDPI WSI, 100 Aperio SVS WSI converted to the Google Maps format. Conclusions Applications based on our method and libraries can be used upstream, as calibration and quality control tool for the WSI acquisition systems, or as tools to reacquire tiles while the WSI is being scanned. They can also be used downstream to reacquire the complete slides that are below the quality threshold for surgical pathology analysis. WSI may also be displayed in a smarter way by sending and displaying the regions of highest quality before other regions. Such quality assessment scores could be integrated as WSI's metadata shared in clinical, research or teaching contexts, for a more efficient medical informatics workflow. PMID:25565494



University of Toronto Libraries: Anatomia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the University of Toronto Libraries, the Anatomia website offers a collection of about 4,500 plates and images of human anatomy from the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library ranging in date from 1522 to 1867. Visitors can search the plates by entire plate description, artist, subject words, and/or plate title or can browse the plates by artist, title, or subject. By selecting the Anatomia highlights link, users can view images of importance due to their contributions to the advancement of knowledge, educational value, or artistic value. Students can discover the three processes of creating illustrations during the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries: relief, intaglio, and planographic. The website supplies a concise history of the study of anatomy.


Contextual hashing for large-scale image search.  


With the explosive growth of the multimedia data on the Web, content-based image search has attracted considerable attentions in the multimedia and the computer vision community. The most popular approach is based on the bag-of-visual-words model with invariant local features. Since the spatial context information among local features is critical for visual content identification, many methods exploit the geometric clues of local features, including the location, the scale, and the orientation, for explicitly post-geometric verification. However, usually only a few initially top-ranked results are geometrically verified, considering the high computational cost in full geometric verification. In this paper, we propose to represent the spatial context of local features into binary codes, and implicitly achieve geometric verification by efficient comparison of the binary codes. Besides, we explore the multimode property of local features to further boost the retrieval performance. Experiments on holidays, Paris, and Oxford building benchmark data sets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. PMID:24577195

Liu, Zhen; Li, Houqiang; Zhou, Wengang; Zhao, Ruizhen; Tian, Qi



Arc-An OAI Service Provider for Digital Library Federation; Kepler-An OAI Data/Service Provider for the Individual; Information Objects and Rights Management: A Mediation-Based Approach to DRM Interoperability; Automated Name Authority Control and Enhanced Searching in the Levy Collection; Renardus Project Developments and the Wider Digital Library Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes five articles that discuss the OAI (Open Archive Initiative), an interface between data providers and service providers; information objects and digital rights management interoperability; digitizing library collections, including automated name authority control, metadata, and text searching engines; and building digital library services…

Liu, Xiaoming; Maly, Kurt; Zubair, Mohammad; Nelson, Michael L.; Erickson, John S.; DiLauro, Tim; Choudhury, G. Sayeed; Patton, Mark; Warner, James W.; Brown, Elizabeth W.; Heery, Rachel; Carpenter, Leona; Day, Michael



The Library The Public Library  

E-print Network

The Library The Public Library The Library Mission The library Function Acquisition Section of the library The library holdings Distribution of the library collections Organzation of Konwledge The library automated system The library services The automated circulation system Recalls Reservation Reference works


WebSeer: An Image Search Engine for the World Wide Web1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the size of the World Wide Web and its inherent lack of structure, finding what one is looking for can be a challenge. PC-Meter's March, 1996, survey found that three of the five most visited Web sites were search engines. However, while Web pages typically contain both text and images, all the currently available search engines only index

Charles Frankel; Michael J. Swain; Vassilis Athitsos



Developing a Web Tool for Searching and Viewing Collections of High-Quality Cultural Images  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Searching for information and viewing visual representations of products in e-organisations is a common activity of the e-visitors to these organisations. For example, in e-museums, users are shown images or other visual information of the existing objects. The aim of this paper is to present a tool which supports the effective searching

Lazarinis, Fotis



Retrieval of Images from a Library of Watermarks for Ancient Paper Identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe importance of electronic publishing, storage and distribution of documents is increasing and will have profoundimplications for our economy, culture and society. The multimedia digitalisation of libraries and the distribution of thecontents of museums is revolutionising these organisations and will make these resources available to a much wider audiencethan was previously possible.The main goal of our project is to develop

Christian Rauber; Peter Tschudin; Thierry Pun



Canadian Library Gateway  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian Library Gateway, recently launched by the National Library of Canada, offers "a centralized window to Canadian libraries of all types and sizes." Users seeking information about libraries in Canada may elect to browse the site's listings by library name, library type, or geographical region, or they may search the list for particular keywords, using the above categories to limit the scope of their query. Each library's listing includes its physical address and telephone number, its interlibrary loan policies, and where applicable, links to its Website or online catalog. Alternatively, a direct query of the data based strictly on interlibrary loan information is available from the front page. The site also includes links to three national union catalogs in Canada, a directory of special collections held in Canadian libraries, and links to other related Websites, including the online directory of Canadian Z39.50 targets.


Molecule-specific imaging with mass spectrometry and a buckminsterfullerene probe: application to characterizing solid-phase synthesized combinatorial libraries.  


We employ a newly developed buckminsterfullerene (C(60)) primary ion beam with time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry to create molecule-specific images of resin particles employed in the solid-phase synthesis of peptide combinatorial libraries. This new cluster ion source, when operated at an incident energy of 20 keV, is remarkably effective at desorbing small peptides directly from a polymer surface and opens new possibilities for characterizing large arrays of diverse sets of molecules. In addition, the C(60) ion beam may be focused to a spot of 1.5 microm in diameter, enabling molecule-specific images of single 100 microm resin particles to be acquired. We report three significant aspects associated with utilizing the C(60) projectile that show how this technology can be taken to a more advanced level, especially when compared to results obtained with more conventional atomic primary ions. First, the useful yield of molecular ions is generally observed to be enhanced by at least 3 orders of magnitude over those previously possible. Second, the energy dissipation process associated with the C(60) impact is most efficient at desorbing molecules on soft substrates such as polymer surfaces rather than harder substrates such as metals or semiconductors. Third, there is a greatly reduced tendency for insulating surfaces to build up excess charge, obviating the need for charge compensation. Using a small five-member peptide library as a model, we show that by utilizing the focusing properties of the C(60) beam, it is possible to assay the surface composition of 100-microm polymer beads at a rate of up to 10 particles/s. Moreover, even at the picomole level, there are enough sequence ions in the mass spectrum to determine a unique composition. The results illustrate the ability to quickly assay large libraries without the use of tags and suggest the strategy may be applicable to a range of high-throughput experiments. PMID:15038744

Xu, Jiyun; Szakal, Christopher W; Martin, Scott E; Peterson, Blake R; Wucher, Andreas; Winograd, Nicholas



University of Washington Digital Library Initiatives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Libraries present this collection of a dozen image databases created as part of an ongoing digital library program. There are ten collections of photographs from University of Washington Special Collections that include views of Seattle dated 1891 - 1940, Harriman's expedition to Alaska in 1899, the Klondike gold rush, and a photo album from 1925 promoting Mount Rainier National Park. There are also two image databases created in collaboration with other groups: 26 images of Jacob Lawrence paintings, with the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project, and the Cities and Buildings Database, 5,000 architectural images, with the University of Washington Architecture Department. All of the databases use the CONTENT software suite developed by the Center for Information Systems Optimization (CISO) at the University of Washington, and so all have the same search interface regardless of the subject. Information about CONTENT is also available at the site.


Detection and identification of 700 drugs by multi-target screening with a 3200 Q TRAP LC-MS/MS system and library searching.  


The multi-target screening method described in this work allows the simultaneous detection and identification of 700 drugs and metabolites in biological fluids using a hybrid triple-quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometer in a single analytical run. After standardization of the method, the retention times of 700 compounds were determined and transitions for each compound were selected by a "scheduled" survey MRM scan, followed by an information-dependent acquisition using the sensitive enhanced product ion scan of a Q TRAP hybrid instrument. The identification of the compounds in the samples analyzed was accomplished by searching the tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) spectra against the library we developed, which contains electrospray ionization-MS/MS spectra of over 1,250 compounds. The multi-target screening method together with the library was included in a software program for routine screening and quantitation to achieve automated acquisition and library searching. With the help of this software application, the time for evaluation and interpretation of the results could be drastically reduced. This new multi-target screening method has been successfully applied for the analysis of postmortem and traffic offense samples as well as proficiency testing, and complements screening with immunoassays, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and liquid chromatography-diode-array detection. Other possible applications are analysis in clinical toxicology (for intoxication cases), in psychiatry (antidepressants and other psychoactive drugs), and in forensic toxicology (drugs and driving, workplace drug testing, oral fluid analysis, drug-facilitated sexual assault). PMID:20127316

Dresen, S; Ferreirós, N; Gnann, H; Zimmermann, R; Weinmann, W



Fermilab Library projects  

SciTech Connect

Preprint database management as done at various centers -- the subject of this workshop -- is hard to separate from the overall activities of the particular center. We therefore present the wider context at the Fermilab Library into which preprint database management fits. The day-to-day activities of the Library aside, the dominant activity at present is that of the ongoing Fermilab Library Automation. A less dominant but relatively time-consuming activity is that of doing more online searches in commercial databases on behalf of laboratory staff and visitors. A related activity is that of exploring the benefits of end-user searching of similar sources as opposed to library staff searching of the same. The Library Automation Project, which began about two years ago, is about to go fully online.'' The rationale behind this project is described in the documents developed during the December 1988--February 1989 planning phase.

Garrett, P.; Ritchie, D.



DXSoil, a library for 3D image analysis in soil science  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive series of routines has been developed to extract structural and topological information from 3D images of porous media. The main application aims at feeding a pore network approach to simulate unsaturated hydraulic properties from soil core images. Beyond the application example, the successive algorithms presented in the paper allow, from any 3D object image, the extraction of the

Jean-fran-cois Delerue; Edith Perrier



WebSeer: A n Image Search Engine for the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the size of the World Wide Web and its inherentlack of structure, finding what one is looking for can bea challenge. In fact, some of the most highly visited Websites are search engines. However, while Web pages typicallycontain both text and images, most currently availablesearch engines only index text. This paper describesWebSeer, a system for locating images on

J. Swain



Finding corners in images by foveated search Thomas L. Arnow1  

E-print Network

Finding corners in images by foveated search Thomas L. Arnow1 and Alan C. Bovik2 ABSTRACT We develop a new approach to finding corners in images that combines foveated edge detection to a location of high curvature combined with high edge gradient. Edges are located using a foveated Canny edge

Texas at Austin, University of


The impact of complaint management and service quality on organizational image: A case study at the Malaysian public university library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Service failure frequently occurs. This affects customer expectations which lead to complaint. However, not all dissatisfied customers actually complain. Without customer feedback, it would be impossible for a company to know whether they needed a change for improvement. Thus, complaint management brings a learning experience to organization in order to provide better service. Therefore, it is important to identify customer dissatisfaction through a systematic complaint handling or management. The study proposes a model of systematic complaint management which applied to academic library as a tool of service recovery. As such, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the critical success factors of complaint management towards service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and the impact to organizational image at academic library. Three academic libraries have been identified and selected for this project, the Library of Tun Sri Lanang, UKM, UTeM and UNIMAS. Using the justice theory, this study investigates the perception of customers on complaint management in terms of outcomes they receive, procedures used by organization and interpersonal treatment. In this study, there are five factors of complaint management identified, which includes speed of recovery, management system, empowerment, culture and psychology and tangible compensation. A questionnaire was designed and used as the data gathering instrument. A total of 600 respondents participated in this study. Ten hypotheses were used to test the relationships between complaint management, service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and organizational image. To measure the construct relationships, Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach was used. The results show that management system (b = 0.210; p < 0.05) exerts the highest positive impact on service quality. It followed by psychology and culture (b = 0.188; p < 0.05), empowerment (b = 0.179; p < 0.05) and tangible compensation (b = 0.175; p < 0.05). However, the empirical results suggest that speed of recovery (b = -0.009; p > 0.05) do not influence service quality. The second part of this study uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to analyze and confirm the conceptual model proposed in this research. The result shows that all the values obtained in this study fits the data reasonably well.

Tan, Pei Kian; Mohd Suradi, Nur Riza; Saludin, Mohamad Nasir



A CCD imaging search for wide metal-poor binaries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explored the regions within a radius of 25 arcsec around 473 nearby, low-metallicity G- to M-type stars using (VR)I optical filters and small-aperture telescopes. About 10% of the sample was searched up to angular separations of 90 arcsec. We applied photometric and astrometric techniques to detect true physical companions to the targets. The great majority of the sample stars was drawn from the Carney-Latham surveys; their metallicities range from roughly solar to [Fe/H] = -3.5 dex. Our I-band photometric survey detected objects that are between 0 and 5 mag fainter (completeness) than the target stars; the maximum dynamical range of our exploration is 9 mag. We also investigated the literature, and inspected images from the Digitized Sky Surveys to complete our search. By combining photometric and proper motion measurements, we retrieved 29 previously known companions, and identified 13 new proper motion companions. Near-infrared 2MASS photometry is provided for the great majority of them. Low-resolution optical spectroscopy (386-1000 nm) was obtained for eight of the new companion stars. These spectroscopic data confirm them as cool, late-type, metal-depleted dwarfs, with spectral classes from esdK7 to sdM3. After comparison with low-metallicity evolutionary models, we estimate the masses of the proper motion companion stars to be in the range 0.5-0.1 M?. They are moving around their primary stars at projected separations between ˜32 and ˜57 000 AU. These orbital sizes are very similar to those of solar-metallicity stars of the same spectral types. Our results indicate that about 15% of the metal-poor stars have stellar companions in wide orbits, which is in agreement with the binary fraction observed among main sequence G- to M-type stars and T Tauri stars. Based on observations made with the IAC80 telescope operated on the island of Tenerife by the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias in the Spanish Observatorio del Teide; also based on observations made with the 2.2 m telescope of the German-Spanish Calar Alto Observatory (Almería, Spain), the William Herschel Telescope (WHT) operated on the island of La Palma by the Isaac Newton Group in the Spanish Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos (ORM) of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias; and the Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG) at the ORM. The complete Table 1 is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to ( or via

Zapatero Osorio, M. R.; Martín, E. L.



Image search engine with selective filtering and feature-element-based classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the growth of Internet and storage capability in recent years, image has become a widespread information format in World Wide Web. However, it has become increasingly harder to search for images of interest, and effective image search engine for the WWW needs to be developed. We propose in this paper a selective filtering process and a novel approach for image classification based on feature element in the image search engine we developed for the WWW. First a selective filtering process is embedded in a general web crawler to filter out the meaningless images with GIF format. Two parameters that can be obtained easily are used in the filtering process. Our classification approach first extract feature elements from images instead of feature vectors. Compared with feature vectors, feature elements can better capture visual meanings of the image according to subjective perception of human beings. Different from traditional image classification method, our classification approach based on feature element doesn't calculate the distance between two vectors in the feature space, while trying to find associations between feature element and class attribute of the image. Experiments are presented to show the efficiency of the proposed approach.

Li, Qing; Zhang, Yujin; Dai, Shengyang



Analyzing web log files of the health on the net HONmedia search engine to define typical image search tasks for image retrieval evaluation.  


Medical institutions produce ever-increasing amount of diverse information. The digital form makes these data available for the use on more than a single patient. Images are no exception to this. However, less is known about how medical professionals search for visual medical information and how they want to use it outside of the context of a single patient. This article analyzes ten months of usage log files of the Health on the Net (HON) medical media search engine. Key words were extracted from all queries and the most frequent terms and subjects were identified. The dataset required much pre-treatment. Problems included national character sets, spelling errors and the use of terms in several languages. The results show that media search, particularly for images, was frequently used. The most common queries were for general concepts (e.g., heart, lung). To define realistic information needs for the ImageCLEFmed challenge evaluation (Cross Language Evaluation Forum medical image retrieval), we used frequent queries that were still specific enough to at least cover two of the three axes on modality, anatomic region, and pathology. Several research groups evaluated their image retrieval algorithms based on these defined topics. PMID:17911928

Müller, Henning; Boyer, Célia; Gaudinat, Arnaud; Hersh, William; Geissbuhler, Antoine



Interacting with computers using images for search and automation  

E-print Network

A picture is worth a thousand words. Images have been used extensively by us to interact with other human beings to solve certain problems, for example, showing an image of a bird to a bird expert to identify its species ...

Yeh, Pei-Hsiu, 1978-



XML in Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents examples of how libraries are using XML (eXtensible Markup Language) to solve problems, expand services, and improve systems. Part I contains papers on using XML in library catalog records: "Updating MARC Records with XMLMARC" (Kevin S. Clarke, Stanford University) and "Searching and Retrieving XML Records via the Web" (Theo van…

Tennant, Roy, Ed.


The CFA BATSE IMAGE SEARCH (CBIS) as used for a Galactic plane survey  

SciTech Connect

The CFA BATSE IMAGE SEARCH (CBIS) system allows automated analysis of large sets of BATSE images. CBIS is being used to conduct a deep survey of the Galactic plane to search for faint transients ({approx}100 mCrab) in the archival data [2]. Furthermore, together with the earth occultation technique [3], CBIS is now applied to a real time imaging survey of the plane to discover new transients and monitor known sources. The CBIS processing is made of two sequential steps: First, the images are scanned to search for excesses. Second, the positions of all these excesses are cross-correlated to produce a list of candidate sources. In this paper, we will detail the algorithms of the scanner and the cross-correlator.

Barret, D. [Centre d'Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, CNRS-UPS, Toulouse (France); Grindlay, J. E.; Bloser, P. F.; Monnelly, G. P. [Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Maryland (United States); Harmon, B. A. [Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama (United States); Robinson, C. R.; Zhang, S. N. [Universities Space Research Association, Huntsville, Alabama (United States)



A Fieldable-Prototype Large-Area Gamma-ray Imager for Orphan Source Search  

SciTech Connect

We have constructed a unique instrument for use in the search for orphan sources. The system uses gamma-ray imaging to "see through" the natural background variations that effectively limit the search range of normal devices to ~10 m. The imager is mounted in a 4.9- m-long trailer and can be towed by a large personal vehicle. Source locations are determined both in range and along the direction of travel as the vehicle moves. A fully inertial platform coupled to a Global Positioning System receiver is used to map the gamma-ray images onto overhead geospatial imagery. The resulting images provide precise source locations, allowing rapid follow-up work. The instrument simultaneously searches both sides of the street to a distance of 50 m (100-m swath) for milliCurieclass sources with near-perfect performance.

Ziock, Klaus-Peter [ORNL; Fabris, Lorenzo [ORNL; Carr, Dennis [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Collins, Jeff [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Cunningham, Mark F [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Habte Ghebretatios, Frezghi [ORNL; Karnowski, Thomas Paul [ORNL; Marchant, William [University of California, Berkeley



Microbe Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Microbe Library is a searchable microbiology portal provided by the American Society for Microbiology (ASM). The portal contains visual images and animations; curriculum activities for both classroom and laboratory; an articles section containing the tri-annual educational newsletter and annual educational journal, as well as feature articles from ASM News; and educational reviews and resources. The Microbe Library is linked directly to a recommended core curriculum for introductory microbiology education. Visual resources include access to over 300 images, animations, and videos. The posted classroom activities and laboratory exercises were developed by faculty at diverse institutions to improve instruction. They include inquiry-based field-tested materials, student-active learning activities, and ideas for projects or research approaches.


On Imaging the Future: The Secular Search for "Piety".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines requirements for an exploratory account of "imaging" the future. Examines relationship of Kenneth Burke's notions of "piety" to (1) the nature of language and forming, (2) Kenneth Boulding's concept of subjective knowledge structure presented in "The Image," and (3) various aspects of an "image." Argues that all forms contain a futurizing…

Blankenship, Jane; Muir, Janette Kenner



Leveraging User-specified Metadata to Personalize Image Search  

E-print Network

. Specifically, we describe a machine learning method that analyzes a corpus of tagged content to find hidden of the Web. Rather than simply searching for, and passively consuming, information, users of blogs, wikis

Lerman, Kristina


Global image dissimilarity in macaque inferotemporal cortex predicts human visual search efficiency.  


Finding a target in a visual scene can be easy or difficult depending on the nature of the distractors. Research in humans has suggested that search is more difficult the more similar the target and distractors are to each other. However, it has not yielded an objective definition of similarity. We hypothesized that visual search performance depends on similarity as determined by the degree to which two images elicit overlapping patterns of neuronal activity in visual cortex. To test this idea, we recorded from neurons in monkey inferotemporal cortex (IT) and assessed visual search performance in humans using pairs of images formed from the same local features in different global arrangements. The ability of IT neurons to discriminate between two images was strongly predictive of the ability of humans to discriminate between them during visual search, accounting overall for 90% of the variance in human performance. A simple physical measure of global similarity--the degree of overlap between the coarse footprints of a pair of images--largely explains both the neuronal and the behavioral results. To explain the relation between population activity and search behavior, we propose a model in which the efficiency of global oddball search depends on contrast-enhancing lateral interactions in high-order visual cortex. PMID:20107054

Sripati, Arun P; Olson, Carl R



Securing Digital Image Assets in Museums and Libraries: A Risk Management Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of threats to the integrity of digital image information can be identified when standard practices in museums and archives are examined. Systematic consideration of risk factors can inform the creation of procedures and application of security that works to guarantee the reliability and accuracy of digital image assets. (Author/AEF)

Beamsley, Teresa Grose



Research Resources for Graduate Students in Gender Studies Queen's University Library Homepage:  

E-print Network

. Tips for searching the library catalogue, QCAT, can be found in the Help section of QCAT. Various "how) Bracken Health Sciences Library Education Library Lederman Law Library Engineering and Science (Douglas Research Tools: Summon Search across the library catalogue and many of our electronic

Abolmaesumi, Purang


Digital Libraries on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses digital libraries on the Internet. The resource repository hierarchy, consisting of two major paradigms, search engines (SEs) and digital libraries, is presented. SEs are classified into three categories: basic-SE, directory, and meta-SE. The following six major characteristics of a library are summarized: collection of data…

Sharon, Taly; Frank, Ariel J.


A neotropical Miocene pollen database employing image-based search and semantic modeling1  

PubMed Central

• Premise of the study: Digital microscopic pollen images are being generated with increasing speed and volume, producing opportunities to develop new computational methods that increase the consistency and efficiency of pollen analysis and provide the palynological community a computational framework for information sharing and knowledge transfer. • Methods: Mathematical methods were used to assign trait semantics (abstract morphological representations) of the images of neotropical Miocene pollen and spores. Advanced database-indexing structures were built to compare and retrieve similar images based on their visual content. A Web-based system was developed to provide novel tools for automatic trait semantic annotation and image retrieval by trait semantics and visual content. • Results: Mathematical models that map visual features to trait semantics can be used to annotate images with morphology semantics and to search image databases with improved reliability and productivity. Images can also be searched by visual content, providing users with customized emphases on traits such as color, shape, and texture. • Discussion: Content- and semantic-based image searches provide a powerful computational platform for pollen and spore identification. The infrastructure outlined provides a framework for building a community-wide palynological resource, streamlining the process of manual identification, analysis, and species discovery. PMID:25202648

Han, Jing Ginger; Cao, Hongfei; Barb, Adrian; Punyasena, Surangi W.; Jaramillo, Carlos; Shyu, Chi-Ren



Virtual Finance Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Search Partners, a provider of executive financial search services, presents the Virtual Finance Library, a packed collection of links to financial sites. The main page of Virtual Finance Library contains general information including reference and dictionary sites, calculators and converters, and interesting links. The rest of the library is accessible via the table of contents on the left side of the screen. The Websites are organized by topic, geographic location, or subtopic. Each topic begins with a short introduction to the subject, several pages long, and most links are descriptively annotated.


Libraries Dean (James F. Williams II)  

E-print Network

Libraries Dean (James F. Williams II) Administration (John Culshaw) Access Services (Brice Austin) Budget/Finance (Shelley Joy) Imaging Services (John Culshaw) Libraries Information Technology (Rice & Services (Suzanne Larsen) Acquisitions (Charlene Kellsey) Archives (Bruce Montgomery) Business Library

Mojzsis, Stephen J.


Building an intranet digital mammography case library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To practice mammography diagnosis effectively, radiologists expect convenient access to well-organized and authoritative mammography related information, especially when there is case in question. The purpose of this study is to build infrastructural diagnosis support by incorporating various clinical information into a digital mammography case library, and allow user to search the library based on mammographic findings. The digital mammography case library has a three- tier architecture: (1) Back-end mammography databases integrate multimedia clinical information from various operational systems, including RIS and PACS. Cases are stored in a finding index database powered by an object-relational database with finding-coded reports, which are modeled around the ACR BI-RADS (American College of Radiology, Breast Imaging Report and Data System) standard. (2) The middle-end application controllers process application logic, such as user authorization, HTTP request handling, database connection and dynamic HTML page generation. (3) Web-based user interface is developed for authorized Intranet personnel to formulate query based on radiological finding (such as mass, calcification and architectural distortion), shape and assessment, using ACR BI-RADS specified lexicon. The case library so far has 103 cases selected from over 800 digital mammography studies carried out at the Mt. Zion hospital, UCSF, during an on-going digital telemammography project. We believe that an Intranet based digital mammography case library with mammographic finding search capability facilitates continuous medical education and online decision support, by providing exemplary study to compare with case in question.

Zhang, Hong; Lou, Shyhliang A.; Fan, Yu; Sickles, Edward A.; Huang, H. K.



Montana Library Network University of Montana Libraries Marked Records | Ask-A-Librarian  

E-print Network

Montana Library Network University of Montana Libraries Marked Records | Ask-A-Librarian l Click library. l Libraries worldwide that own item : 304 l Search the University of Montana Libraries Catalog of Montana Missoula MT 59812 U.S.A.; School of Education University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 201a

Bardsley, John


A novel functional magnetic resonance imaging compatible search-coil eye-tracking system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measuring eye movements (EMs) using the search-coil eye-tracking technique is superior to video-based infrared methods [Collewijn H, van der Mark F, Jansen TC. Precise recording of human eye movements. Vision Res 1975;15(3):447-50], which suffer from the instability of pupil size, blinking behavior and lower temporal resolution. However, no conventional functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-compatible search-coil eye tracker exists. The main

Axel Oeltermann; Shih-Pi Ku; Nikos K. Logothetis



UNESCO Library Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from UNESCO is offered as a resource for information on both worldwide libraries and issues and news related to librarianship, with an emphasis on "activities in the Organization's fields of competence such as education, sciences, culture and information." As with most portals, this metasite features annotated links organized by category and topic. In this case, they include library Websites (organized by type), library associations and networks, preservation and access initiatives, librarianship, education and training, and conferences and meetings (this section helpfully lists specific events). Other features include library news and a featured site on the main page, an internal search engine, and a free newsletter.


Hybrid Imaging-Periodicity Search for Radio Pulsars: A Pilot VLA Survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Almost all of the ~2300 known pulsars have been discovered using the standard period-dispersion measure (P-DM) search. In a P-DM search, time series intensity data are collected, de-dispersed for a set of trial DMs, and searched for periodic signals usually with frequency-domain algorithms but with fast-folding algorithms for long-period objects. Here we describe a hybrid imaging-periodicity search, an alternate method that uses an imaging survey to select radio point sources as pulsar candidates, followed by a deep P-DM search of these candidates using new or archival data. Since the hybrid search is largely conducted in the imaging domain of time-averaged intensities, it does not suffer reduced sensitivity (as the P-DM method does) when a pulsar signal is heavily modulated by orbital motion, pulse-broadened by scattering, or intermittently emitting (due to large-scale magnetospheric changes, eclipses, etc). As such, the hybrid method is sensitive to systems that are highly selected against in P-DM searches such as compact neutron star binaries, highly scattered millisecond pulsars, and pulsars with spin periods less than a millisecond (should they exist). Interferometric imaging also requires a lower significance threshold for detection than a periodicity search and is more robust against radio-frequency interference. We present preliminary results of a wide-field high dynamic range imaging survey conducted with the Jansky VLA at 1-2 GHz in a pilot program to test the efficacy of a hybrid imaging-periodicity search for radio pulsars in the Galactic plane. The survey region covers four square degrees (Galactic longitudes 32.5-36.5 degrees) using 38 pointings and overlaps with the Arecibo PALFA pulsar survey, which will be used as the periodicity component of our hybrid search. We analyze the observed properties of the 23 known radio pulsars in the survey region and discuss the implications for the selection process needed to narrow the thousands of detected compact sources down to high probability pulsar candidates for a full hybrid survey.

Finn, Molly; Wharton, Robert; Chatterjee, Shami; Cordes, James M.; Kaplan, David L. A.; Burke-Spolaor, Sarah; Crawford, Fronefield; Deller, Adam; Lazio, Joseph; Ransom, Scott M.



Leveraging Open Standards and Technologies to Search and Display Planetary Image Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mars and the Moon have both been visited by multiple NASA spacecraft. A large number of images and other data have been gathered by the spacecraft and are publicly available in NASA's Planetary Data System. Through a collaboration with Google, Inc., the User Centered Technologies group at NASA Ames Resarch Center has developed at tool for searching and browsing among images from multiple Mars and Moon missions. Development of this tool was facilitated by the use of several open technologies and standards. First, an open-source full-text search engine is used to search both place names on the target and to find images matching a geographic region. Second, the published API of the Google Earth browser plugin is used to geolocate the images on a virtual globe and allow the user to navigate on the globe to see related images. The structure of the application also employs standard protocols and services. The back-end is exposed as RESTful APIs, which could be reused by other client systems in the future. Further, the communication between the front- and back-end portions of the system utilizes open data standards including XML and KML (Keyhole Markup Language) for representation of textual and geographic data. The creation of the search index was facilitated by reuse of existing, publicly available metadata, including the Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature from the USGS, available in KML format. And the image metadata was reused from standards-compliant archives in the Planetary Data System. The system also supports collaboration with other tools by allowing export of search results in KML, and the ability to display those results in the Google Earth desktop application. We will demonstrate the search and visualization capabilities of the system, with emphasis on how the system facilitates reuse of data and services through the adoption of open standards.

Rose, M.; Schauer, C.; Quinol, M.; Trimble, J.



The Burke Library Archives, Columbia University Libraries, Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

­ 1930 Image Credit: Burke Library Archives, Columbia University Libraries, at Union Theological Seminary Jane Garland, an Australian missionary of the China Inland Mission, served as executive secretary

Salzman, Daniel


OpenIMAJ and ImageTerrier: Java Libraries and Tools for Scalable Multimedia Analysis and Indexing of Images  

E-print Network

, face detection, etc.) and advanced data clustering, through to software that performs analysis and Subject Descriptors D.2.13 [Software Engineering]: Reusable Software; I.4.0 [Image Processing and Computer Vision]: General; I.5.0 [Pattern Recognition]: General; H.3.3 [Information Storage and Retrieval

Southampton, University of


Library resources on the Internet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Library resources are prevalent on the Internet. Library catalogs, electronic books, electronic periodicals, periodical indexes, reference sources, and U.S. Government documents are available by telnet, Gopher, World Wide Web, and FTP. Comparatively few copyrighted library resources are available freely on the Internet. Internet implementations of library resources can add useful features, such as full-text searching. There are discussion lists, Gophers, and World Wide Web pages to help users keep up with new resources and changes to existing ones. The future will bring more library resources, more types of library resources, and more integrated implementations of such resources to the Internet.

Buchanan, Nancy L.



An iterative framework for EEG-based image search: robust retrieval with weak classifiers.  


We revisit the framework for brain-coupled image search, where the Electroencephalography (EEG) channel under rapid serial visual presentation protocol is used to detect user preferences. Extending previous works on the synergy between content-based image labeling and EEG-based brain-computer interface (BCI), we propose a different perspective on iterative coupling. Previously, the iterations were used to improve the set of EEG-based image labels before propagating them to the unseen images for the final retrieval. In our approach we accumulate the evidence of the true labels for each image in the database through iterations. This is done by propagating the EEG-based labels of the presented images at each iteration to the rest of images in the database. Our results demonstrate a continuous improvement of the labeling performance across iterations despite the moderate EEG-based labeling (AUC <75%). The overall analysis is done in terms of the single-trial EEG decoding performance and the image database reorganization quality. Furthermore, we discuss the EEG-based labeling performance with respect to a search task given the same image database. PMID:23977196

Uš?umli?, Marija; Chavarriaga, Ricardo; Millán, José Del R



A CCD imaging search for wide metal-poor binaries  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explored the regions within a radius of 25 arcsec around 473 nearby, low-metallicity G- to M-type stars using (VR)I optical filters and small-aperture telescopes. About 10% of the sample was searched up to angular separations of 90 arcsec. We applied photometric and astrometric techniques to detect true physical companions to the targets. The great majority of the sample stars

M. R. Zapatero Osorio; E. L. Martín



Automatic correspondence using the enhanced hexagonal centre-based inner search algorithm for point-based dental image registration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: In this paper, the enhanced hexagonal centre-based inner search algorithm, for automatic point correspondence, is proposed for dental image registration. Methods: The presented algorithm is incorporated within a general registration scheme, which is based on extracting a set of candidate points on the reference image, finding their corresponding points in the image to be transformed (float image) using the

T Economopoulos; G K Matsopoulos; P A Asvestas; K Grondahl; H-G Grondahl



Discover your Library Medical Library  

E-print Network

Discover your Library Medical Library Welcome to the Gus Fraenkel Medical Library. The Library is a branch of the Flinders University Libraries including: Central (on the Plaza of the north ridge precinct) Law (on level 3 of the Central Library building) Sturt (at the Sturt precinct) as well


IGCS: Libraries and Library Resources for Chinese Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

China WWW Virtual Library--Internet Guide for China Studies (ICGS) Maintained by Matthias Kaun from Kiel University, Germany, this new addition to the China WWW Virtual Library: Internet Guide for China Studies offers detailed information on libraries in East Asia and East Asian libraries in general, and information in all fields of East Asian library resources available on the Internet. Users will find annotated links to libraries, library associations and book dealers in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Australia, the USA and Europe. Additional resources include links to journals and newsletters as well as notices of new conferences in the field. Future plans for the library annotations include information on their holdings, collecting priorities, and cataloging systems. The internal search engine covers both the Library section and the IGCS main site.


29 April 2013 Ask us: / Page 1 Special Education Resources @ Your Education Library  

E-print Network

online. Multimedia Search QCAT. Select Education Library as your search limit. Use the Keyword search. Limit your search to the Education Library. For ex. exemplar? reading For documents online, see http29 April 2013 Ask us: / Page 1 Special Education Resources @ Your

Abolmaesumi, Purang


Automatic Correspondence using the Enhanced Hexagonal Center-based Inner Search Algorithm for Point-based Dental Image Registration  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a modified version of the center-based inner search algorithm, the enhanced hexagonal center-based inner search algorithm, for automatic point correspondence is proposed towards dental registration. The modified algorithm is incorporated within a general registration scheme which is based on extracting a set of candidate points on the reference image, finding their corresponding points in the other image

T. Economopoulos; P. A. Asvestas; G. K. Matsopoulos; K. Grondahl; H.-G. Grondahl



Cuckoo search algorithm based satellite image contrast and brightness enhancement using DWT-SVD.  


This paper presents a new contrast enhancement approach which is based on Cuckoo Search (CS) algorithm and DWT-SVD for quality improvement of the low contrast satellite images. The input image is decomposed into the four frequency subbands through Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), and CS algorithm used to optimize each subband of DWT and then obtains the singular value matrix of the low-low thresholded subband image and finally, it reconstructs the enhanced image by applying IDWT. The singular value matrix employed intensity information of the particular image, and any modification in the singular values changes the intensity of the given image. The experimental results show superiority of the proposed method performance in terms of PSNR, MSE, Mean and Standard Deviation over conventional and state-of-the-art techniques. PMID:24893835

Bhandari, A K; Soni, V; Kumar, A; Singh, G K



John W. Scott Health Sciences Library, 2012 Searching for Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analyses and Practice Guidelines in EBSCO MEDLINE  

E-print Network

-analyses, this can be done using the Publication Type limit. After entering subject terms, browse through the Search Guidelines After entering subject terms, browse through the Search Options panel and locate the Publication-Analyses and Practice Guidelines in EBSCO MEDLINE Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses After entering subject terms

MacMillan, Andrew


Effect of a Concurrent Auditory Task on Visual Search Performance in a Driving-Related Image-Flicker Task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of a concurrent auditory task on visual search was investigated using an image-flicker technique. Participants were undergraduate university students with normal or corrected-to-normal vision who searched for changes in images of driving scenes that involved either driving-related (e.g., traffic light) or driving-unrelated (e.g., mailbox) scene elements. The results indicated that response times were significantly slower if the search

Christian M. Richard; Richard D. Wright; Cheryl Ee; Steven L. Prime; Yujiro Shimizu; John Vavrik



A Storage Subsystem for Image and Records Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital storage and communications are becoming cost effective for massive collections of document images with access not only for nearby users but also for those who are hundreds of miles from their libraries. The Document Storage Subsystem (DocSS) provides generic library services such as searching, storage, and retrieval of document pages and sharing of objects with appropriate data security and

H. M. Gladney



Digital Library for the Decorative Arts and Material Culture: Image and Text Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The decorative arts and material culture get their full due at this lovely online collection created by the University of Wisconsin's Digital Collections program. With generous funding from the Chipstone Foundation, the staff members at the Digital Collections program have digitized a variety of primary and secondary resources related to the decorative arts, with a particular focus on Early America. The materials offered here for consideration include items from the Chipstone ceramics and furniture collection and a number of important early documents, such as "The Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director" from 1754 and Humphry Repton's 1794 work, "Sketches and hints on landscape gardening". The site includes several dozens other works, and visitors can also look through all of the materials via a sophisticated search engine.


Binary and nonbinary description of hypointensity for search and retrieval of brain MR images  

E-print Network

Binary and nonbinary description of hypointensity for search and retrieval of brain MR images. In a previous study based on binary description of hypointensity in the brain, it was shown that brain iron accumulation shape provides additional information to the shape-insensitive features, such as the total brain

Yanikoglu, Berrin


Boosted Multi-Task Learning for Face Verification With Applications to Web Image and Video Search  

E-print Network

Boosted Multi-Task Learning for Face Verification With Applications to Web Image and Video Search and computation reduction in our experiments. Second, we present a novel Multi-Task Learning (MTL) framework is an open environment [6, 16] where pose, light- ing, expression, age and makeup variations are more com

Wang, Xiaogang


Methane Imaging Search for Planetary Mass Objects in Rho Ophiuchi  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

T dwarfs are the coolest and least massive compact astrophysical objects that we can directly observe outside our Solar System. They share many properties with the expanding population of known exoplanets (almost all of which are inaccessible to direct observation themselves). An understanding of T dwarf atmospheres, therefore, is critical to our developing understanding of exoplanets. Moreover, T dwarf surveys in young star clusters can provide important answers to questions such as ``Is there a minimum mass for star formation?'' and ``How important is dynamical evolution for cluster mass functions?'' In recent years, methane imaging has emerged as a powerful tool for identifying T dwarf candidates in very young clusters, where T dwarfs are at their brightest and have not yet been subject to possible dynamical ejection from their clusters. We have recently conducted a methane imaging survey of the Rho Ophiuchi cluster for T dwarfs using the IRIS2 near-infrared imaging spectrograph on the Anglo-Australian Telescope. The Rho Ophiuchi cluster is the closest (d ˜ 120 parsecs) star-forming region to Earth that has a compact core harboring several hundred young (˜ 1 Myr) stellar objects. In this talk, we present the results of our imaging survey.

Higley, Sherene; Haisch, Karl E., Jr.; Barsony, Mary; Tinney, Chris



To use The CAT, visit the University Libraries' home page (  

E-print Network

To use The CAT, visit the University Libraries' home page ( and click on the link marked "The CAT." CAT Help pages: Click "Help" in the blue menu bar at the top of any CAT screen the Search button to begin your search. Sample Quick Search: Quick Guide to Searching The CAT #12;How Do I

Yener, Aylin


iMap: A stable layout for navigating the Astronomy Picture of the Day image collection with embedded search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Effective techniques for organizing and visualizing large image collections are in growing demand as visual search becomes increasingly popular. Targeting an online astronomy archive -- the Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD) archive with thousands of images -- we present a practical organizational approach for image search and clustering based on a measure of image similarity that leverages both visual and textual information. To lay out images, we introduce iMap, a treemap-based representation for visualizing and navigating image search and clustering results. We show the effectiveness of our approach by demonstrating experimental results from a comparative user study. The results indicate that iMap makes relevant images in APOD easier to find, in particular for educators seeking astronomy images to augment topical or educational classroom presentations.

Nemiroff, Robert J.; Wang, C.; Reese, J. P.; Zhang, H.; Tao, J.; Bonnell, J.



Multi-scale saliency search in image analysis.  

SciTech Connect

Saliency detection in images is an important outstanding problem both in machine vision design and the understanding of human vision mechanisms. Recently, seminal work by Itti and Koch resulted in an effective saliency-detection algorithm. We reproduce the original algorithm in a software application Vision and explore its limitations. We propose extensions to the algorithm that promise to improve performance in the case of difficult-to-detect objects.

Slepoy, Alexander; Campisi, Anthony; Backer, Alejandro



A Knowledge-Anchored Integrative Image Search and Retrieval System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical data that may be used in a secondary capacity to support research activities are regularly stored in three significantly\\u000a different formats: (1) structured, codified data elements; (2) semi-structured or unstructured narrative text; and (3) multi-modal\\u000a images. In this manuscript, we will describe the design of a computational system that is intended to support the ontology-anchored\\u000a query and integration of

Selnur Erdal; Ümit V. Çatalyürek; Philip R. O. Payne; Joel H. Saltz; Jyoti Kamal; Metin N. Gurcan



An efficient technique for revealing visual search strategies with classification images.  


We propose a novel variant of the classification image paradigm that allows us to rapidly reveal strategies used by observers in visual search tasks. We make use of eye tracking, 1/f noise, and a grid-like stimulus ensemble and also introduce a new classification taxonomy that distinguishes between foveal and peripheral processes. We tested our method for 3 human observers and two simple shapes used as search targets. The classification images obtained show the efficacy of the proposed method by revealing the features used by the observers in as few as 200 trials. Using two control experiments, we evaluated the use of naturalistic 1/f noise with classification images, in comparison with the more commonly used white noise, and compared the performance of our technique with that of an earlier approach without a stimulus grid. PMID:17515220

Tavassoli, Abtine; van der Linde, Ian; Bovik, Alan C; Cormack, Lawrence K



Searching for T dwarfs in IC 2391 using methane imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have performed a 970 arcmin2 (1.75 pc2) survey of the young cluster IC 2391 using the High Acuity Wide field K-band Imager on the Very Large Telescope. Observations were made in both the CH4 and H filters, targeting the methane absorption found in T dwarfs. From our survey of the cluster, five candidate T dwarfs were found. This is substantially smaller than the number that would be found by an equivalent near-infrared broad-band imaging survey, and allowed rapid spectroscopy of all five candidates. Follow-up spectroscopy was carried out using the Folded-port Infrared Echellette on Magellan. These spectra confirm that none of these objects are T dwarfs. This negative result emphasizes the critical importance of follow-up spectroscopy for any photometrically selected candidates, even those from methane imaging. Simulations of the photometric data set, combined with data for known IC 2391 members, imply that the power-law mass function in IC 2391 between 0.003 and 0.13 M? has a slope of ? < 1.7.

Parker, S. R.; Tinney, C. G.



Orbital Imaging Radar and the Search for Water on Mars  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The surface of Mars has been modified by a range of geologic processes, and many regions are mantled by varying depths of wind-blown dust, volcanic ash, and fluvially deposited or other water-lain sediments. We are proposing an orbital mission carrying a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) that can penetrate a significant depth of overlying material to reveal the detailed geomorphology as it relates to the changing fluvial, eolian, volcanic, and cratering history of Mars. Moreover, the data to be returned are of direct relevance to the search for past and present occurrences of liquid water, life, changing martian climate, and geologic history (e.g., origin of the northern plains, mechanisms for past and possible present valley formation, and genesis of widespread mantling deposits), the validation of potential landing sites for rover safety, and evaluation of sub-surface accessibility for drilling.

Campbell, B. A.; Campbell, D. B.; Grant, J. A.; Hensley, S.; Maxwell, T. A.; Plaut, J. J.; Rosen, P.; Shepard, M. K.; Simpson, R.



Virtual Screening of Combinatorial Libraries across a Gene Family: in Search of Inhibitors of Giardia lamblia Guanine Phosphoribosyltransferase  

PubMed Central

Parasitic protozoa lack the ability to synthesize purine nucleotides de novo, relying instead on purine salvage enzymes for their survival. Guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (GPRT) from the protozoan parasite Giardia lamblia is a potential target for rational antiparasitic drug design, based on the experimental evidence, which indicates the lack of interconversion between adenine and guanine nucleotide pools. The present study is a continuation of our efforts to use three-dimensional structures of parasitic phosphoribosyltransferases (PRTs) to design novel antiparasitic agents. Two micromolar phthalimide-based GPRT inhibitors were identified by screening the in-house phthalimide library. A combination of structure-based scaffold selection using virtual library screening across the PRT gene family and solid phase library synthesis led to identification of smaller (molecular weight, <300) ligands with moderate to low specificity for GPRT; the best inhibitors, GP3 and GP5, had Ki values in the 23 to 25 ?M range. These results represent significant progress toward the goal of designing potent inhibitors of purine salvage in Giardia parasites. As a second step in this process, altering the phthalimide moiety to optimize interactions in the guanine-binding pocket of GPRT is expected to lead to compounds with promising activity against G. lamblia PRT. PMID:11502531

Aronov, Alex M.; Munagala, Narsimha R.; Kuntz, Irwin D.; Wang, Ching C.



Searching for Cellular Partners of Hantaviral Nonstructural Protein NSs: Y2H Screening of Mouse cDNA Library and Analysis of Cellular Interactome  

PubMed Central

Hantaviruses (Bunyaviridae) are negative-strand RNA viruses with a tripartite genome. The small (S) segment encodes the nucleocapsid protein and, in some hantaviruses, also the nonstructural protein (NSs). The aim of this study was to find potential cellular partners for the hantaviral NSs protein. Toward this aim, yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) screening of mouse cDNA library was performed followed by a search for potential NSs protein counterparts via analyzing a cellular interactome. The resulting interaction network was shown to form logical, clustered structures. Furthermore, several potential binding partners for the NSs protein, for instance ACBD3, were identified and, to prove the principle, interaction between NSs and ACBD3 proteins was demonstrated biochemically. PMID:22506017

Parviainen, Ville; Vaheri, Antti; Renkonen, Risto; Bouloy, Michele; Plyusnin, Alexander



Image search reranking with query-dependent click-based relevance feedback.  


Our goal is to boost text-based image search results via image reranking. There are diverse modalities (features) of images that we can leverage for reranking, however, the effects of different modalities are query-dependent. The primary challenge we face is how to fuse multiple modalities adaptively for different queries, which has often been overlooked in previous reranking research. Moreover, multimodality fusion without an understanding of the query is risky, and may lead to incorrect judgment in reranking. Therefore, to obtain the best fusion weights for the query, in this paper, we leverage click-through data, which can be viewed as an "implicit" user feedback and an effective means of understanding the query. A novel reranking algorithm, called click-based relevance feedback, is proposed. This algorithm emphasizes the successful use of click-through data for identifying user search intention, while leveraging multiple kernel learning algorithm to adaptively learn the query-dependent fusion weights for multiple modalities. We conduct experiments on a real-world data set collected from a commercial search engine with click-through data. Encouraging experimental results demonstrate that our proposed reranking approach can significantly improve the NDCG@10 of the initial search results by 11.62%, and can outperform several existing approaches for most kinds of queries, such as tail, middle, and top queries. PMID:25134079

Zhang, Yongdong; Yang, Xiaopeng; Mei, Tao



BSIFT: Toward Data-Independent Codebook for Large Scale Image Search.  


Bag-of-Words (BoWs) model based on Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) has been widely used in large-scale image retrieval applications. Feature quantization by vector quantization plays a crucial role in BoW model, which generates visual words from the high- dimensional SIFT features, so as to adapt to the inverted file structure for the scalable retrieval. Traditional feature quantization approaches suffer several issues, such as necessity of visual codebook training, limited reliability, and update inefficiency. To avoid the above problems, in this paper, a novel feature quantization scheme is proposed to efficiently quantize each SIFT descriptor to a descriptive and discriminative bit-vector, which is called binary SIFT (BSIFT). Our quantizer is independent of image collections. In addition, by taking the first 32 bits out from BSIFT as code word, the generated BSIFT naturally lends itself to adapt to the classic inverted file structure for image indexing. Moreover, the quantization error is reduced by feature filtering, code word expansion, and query sensitive mask shielding. Without any explicit codebook for quantization, our approach can be readily applied in image search in some resource-limited scenarios. We evaluate the proposed algorithm for large scale image search on two public image data sets. Experimental results demonstrate the index efficiency and retrieval accuracy of our approach. PMID:25585420

Zhou, Wengang; Li, Houqiang; Hong, Richang; Lu, Yijuan; Tian, Qi



Cathodoluminescence : an imaging technique for the search of extraterrestrial life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Solids irradiated by a 10-20 keV electron beam emit ligth in the UV-visible range, which is called cathodoluminescence (CL). CL imagery is a powerful tool for visualizing minerals and their internal structures (lattice defects, zoning). For example, terrestrial calcite, either of sedimentary or biogenic origin, often display a bright orange CL, as a result of the incorporation of trace Mn2+ in its lattice. Aragonite can also be discriminated from calcite by its green CL. Carbonates are a major target for the search of life on Mars, and CL imagery could contribute to reveal carbonates in situ. Thomas et al. [1] have validated the concept of an electron lamp to make CL imagery of a rock surface placed in a martian CO2 atmosphere. We present 2 examples of terrestrial bacterial microstructures that are revealed by CL. (1) In Sinemurian sediments from the Montmiral borehole (Valence Basin, France), banded wavy calcite in contact with pyrite represents fossilized biofilms of sulfato-reducing bacteria, as confirmed by the sulfur isotopic composition of pyrite ~+36 %0 PDB. (2) At l'Ile Crémieux, north of the Valence basin, a dense filamentous microbial/fungal community with a bright orange CL signature is embedded in vuggy calcite from a tectonic vein. The mat is anchored 1-2 mm deep in the oolitic veinwall and emerges at right angle in the 'open' fracture space. Finally, carbonate vesicles and exhalite crusts from the Svalbard basalt in Groendland, with orange CL, are shown as analogues to carbonates from the martian ALH84001 igneous meteorite. [1]Thomas et al. (2009) in A. Gucsik (Ed.) "Cathodoluminescence and Its Application in the Planetary Sciences"

Ramboz, C.; Rubert, Y.; Bost, N.; Westall, F.; Lerouge, C.



Large Spectral Library Problem  

SciTech Connect

Hyperspectral imaging produces a spectrum or vector at each image pixel. These spectra can be used to identify materials present in the image. In some cases, spectral libraries representing atmospheric chemicals or ground materials are available. The challenge is to determine if any of the library chemicals or materials exist in the hyperspectral image. The number of spectra in these libraries can be very large, far exceeding the number of spectral channels collected in the ¯eld. Suppose an image pixel contains a mixture of p spectra from the library. Is it possible to uniquely identify these p spectra? We address this question in this paper and refer to it as the Large Spectral Library (LSL) problem. We show how to determine if unique identi¯cation is possible for any given library. We also show that if p is small compared to the number of spectral channels, it is very likely that unique identi¯cation is possible. We show that unique identi¯cation becomes less likely as p increases.

Chilton, Lawrence K.; Walsh, Stephen J.



University of Colorado Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library | IPHY2420: Fall 2011 2011nov10 1  

E-print Network

University of Colorado Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library | IPHY2420: Fall 2011 2011 to the General and Interdisciplinary databases: #12;University of Colorado Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library | IPHY2420: Fall 2011 2011nov10 2 Academic Search Premier Multi-disciplinary database

Stowell, Michael


TAFE NSW -Sydney Institute, College Libraries TAFE NSW -Sydney Institute College Libraries provide services,  

E-print Network

TAFE NSW - Sydney Institute, College Libraries TAFE NSW - Sydney Institute College Libraries link directly to the online TAFE NSW Library Network Catalogue (TAFEcat) to search for items in any of the Sydney Institute college libraries. 5 Easy Steps to apply

University of Technology, Sydney


John W. Scott Health Sciences Library, 2012 Searching for Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analyses and Practice Guidelines in Ovid MEDLINE  

E-print Network

-Analyses and Practice Guidelines in Ovid MEDLINE Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses After entering subject terms the Publication Type limit. After entering subject terms, click on Additional Limits and locate the Publication Type menu. Select Meta-Analysis and click on Limit A Search. Practice Guidelines After entering subject

MacMillan, Andrew


Search for satellites near (21) Lutetia using OSIRIS/Rosetta images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On 2010 July 10 the ESA Rosetta mission flew by the large asteroid (21) Lutetia. One of the scientific goals of the onboard OSIRIS instrument was the search for satellites of the asteroid, with more than 20 images specifically dedicated to this topic. An observational campaign was devised with a selection of filters and exposure times tailored to maximize the possibility of detecting small companions and determining their bound orbits. Data were analyzed with suitable methods to remove cosmic ray hits and known background objects, in order to search for persistent detections of potential interesting flux sources. We found no unambiguous detections of a satellite larger than ˜160m inside the entire sphere of gravitational influence. Our search confirmed the absence of bound companions larger than ˜30m inside 20 primary radii. These limits are a factor of ˜30 smaller than the values reported so far from large ground-based telescopes using adaptive optics and from the Hubble Space Telescope.

Bertini, Ivano; Sabolo, Walter; Gutierrez, Pedro J.; Marzari, Francesco; Snodgrass, Colin; Tubiana, Cecilia; Moissl, Richard; Pajola, Maurizio; Lowry, Stephen C.; Barbieri, Cesare; Ferri, Francesca; Davidsson, Björn; Sierks, Holger; Osiris Team



"Do Users Do What They Think They Do?"- A Comparative Study of User Perceived and Actual Information Searching Behaviour in the National Electronic Library of Infection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last decade, the Internet has profoundly changed the delivery of healthcare. Medical websites for professionals and patients are playing an increasingly important role in providing the latest evidence-based knowledge for professionals, facilitating virtual patient support groups, and providing an invaluable information source for patients. Information seeking is the key user activity on the Internet. However, the discrepancy between what information is available and what the user is able to find has a profound effect on user satisfaction. The UK National electronic Library of Infection (NeLI, and its subsidiary projects provide a single-access portal for quality-appraised evidence in infectious diseases. We use this national portal, as test-bed for investigating our research questions. In this paper, we investigate actual and perceived user navigation behaviour that reveals important information about user perceptions and actions, in searching for information. Our results show: (i) all users were able to access information they were seeking; (ii) broadly, there is an agreement between "reported" behaviour (from questionnaires) and "observed" behaviour (from web logs), although some important differences were identified; (iii) both browsing and searching were equally used to answer specific questions and (iv) the preferred route for browsing for data on the NeLI website was to enter via the "Top Ten Topics" menu option. These findings provide important insights into how to improve user experience and satisfaction with health information websites.

Roy, Anjana; Kostkova, Patty; Catchpole, Mike; Carson, Ewart


Halftone-image security improving using overall minimal-error searching.  


For image-based data hiding, it is difficult to achieve good image quality when high embedding capacity and 100% data extraction are also demanded. In this study, the proposed method, namely, overall minimal-error searching (OMES) is developed to meet the aforementioned requirements. Moreover, the concept of secret sharing is also adopted to distribute watermarks into multiple halftone images, and the embedded information can only be extracted when all of the marked images are gathered. The OMES modifies the halftone values at the same position of all host images with the trained substitution table (S-Table). The S-Table makes the original combination of these halftone values as another meaningful combination for embedding watermark, which is the key part in determining the image quality. Thus, an optimization procedure is proposed to achieve the optimized S-Table. Two different encoders, called error-diffused-based and least-mean-square-based approaches are also developed to cooperate with the proposed OMES to cope with high processing speed and high image quality applications, respectively. Finally, for resisting the issues caused by the print-and-scan attack, such as zooming, rotation, and dot gain effect, a compensation correction procedure is also proposed. As demonstrated in the experimental results, the proposed approach provides good image quality, and is able to guard against some frequent happened attacks in printing applications. PMID:21435977

Guo, Jing-Ming; Liu, Yun-Fu



Keynote Talk: Mining the Web 2.0 for Improved Image Search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are several semantic sources that can be found in the Web that are either explicit, e.g. Wikipedia, or implicit, e.g. derived from Web usage data. Most of them are related to user generated content (UGC) or what is called today the Web 2.0. In this talk we show how to use these sources of evidence in Flickr, such as tags, visual annotations or clicks, which represent the the wisdom of crowds behind UGC, to improve image search. These results are the work of the multimedia retrieval team at Yahoo! Research Barcelona and they are already being used in Yahoo! image search. This work is part of a larger effort to produce a virtuous data feedback circuit based on the right combination many different technologies to leverage the Web itself.

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo


DEA Multimedia Drug Library: Marijuana  


... DEA Press Room » Multi-Media Library » Image Gallery » Marijuana MARIJUANA To Save Images: First click on the thumbnail ... Save in directory and then click Save. Indoor Marijuana Grow Indoor Marijuana Grow Loose Marijuana Marinol 10mg ...


Efficient Feature Detection and Effective Post-Verification for Large Scale Near-Duplicate Image Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

State-of-the-art near-duplicate image search systems mostly build on the bag-of-local features (BOF) representation. While favorable for simplicity and scalability, these systems have three shortcomings: 1) high time complexity of the local feature detection; 2) discriminability reduction of local descriptors due to BOF quantization; and 3) neglect of the geometric relationships among local features after BOF representation. To overcome these shortcomings,

Hongtao Xie; Ke Gao; Yongdong Zhang; Sheng Tang; Jintao Li; Yizhi Liu



Library Cooperation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College and university libraries can work together to enhance library access and share resources, but there are problems inherent in such alliances. Existing library consortia illustrate some important considerations in forging a new library consortium, including complexity of organizational processes, funding issues, technology for sharing both…

Wylie, Neil R.; Yeager, Tamara L.



Determining educational needs for the biomedical library customer: an analysis of end-user searching in MEDLINE.  


The analysis of CD Plus usage logs provides an opportunity to determine specific areas where searchers are "missing opportunities" by misusing, or failing to use, system specific features. This paper describes a methodology, based on transaction log analysis, to provide automated, continuous analysis of end-user searching. The data collected in this process can then be used to enhance and provide insight into the educational needs of users. PMID:8591467

Chisnell, C; Dunn, K; Sittig, D F



Dewey Searches!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an activity for young children that helps them conduct subject searches using an automated system that allows customization of access to a library's collection. Explains a timed game that makes use of subject searching and word searching on the topic of dinosaurs. (LRW)

School Library Media Activities Monthly, 2000



Library Site Finder MAIN LIBRARY  

E-print Network

Library Site Finder MAIN LIBRARY Burlington Street Tel: 0161 275 3751 THE ALAN GILBERT LEARNING COMMONS Oxford Road Tel: 0161 306 4306 ART & ARCHAEOLOGY LIBRARY Mansfield Cooper Building Tel: 0161 275 3657 BRADDICK LIBRARY School of Physics & Astronomy Brunswick Street Tel: 0161 275 4078 EDDIE DAVIES

Sidorov, Nikita


Fall 2013 1 Queen's Library Homepage:  

E-print Network

. Date published 5. Volume and issue 6. Pages #12;Fall 2013 3 2. SUMMON Summon is a search engine, plus millions of full-text articles available from the Library. SUMMON TIPS Keyword Searching (when you search (like Google Scholar). It contains everything found in the traditional QCAT Library Catalogue

Abolmaesumi, Purang


Queen's Library Homepage: A. Before you begin  

E-print Network

PRISMA LION Google Scholar #12;3 B. SUMMON Summon is a search engine that provides credible, relevance available from the Library. SUMMON TIPS: When searching with OR, make sure that the OR is capitalized (the ranked results from the library's online and print collections in a single search (like Google Scholar

Abolmaesumi, Purang


Research Resources for Graduate Students in History Library Homepage  

E-print Network

is a library search engine that helps you discover information on any topic from the Library's collections search results. After performing a search, use the facets on the left hand side to refine or limit your, author and subject being the most popular. TIP: It is suggested to use multiple approaches and entry

Abolmaesumi, Purang


U. S. Geological Survey Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) Library is the largest earth science library in the world. The library serves the research needs of USGS scientists throughout the nation and provides information to other organizations and individuals in the areas of geology, hydrology, cartography, biology, and related fields. USGS libraries are located in Reston, Virginia, Denver, Colorado, Menlo Park, California, and Flagstaff, Arizona. Some of the library holdings are available on-line, while others can be purchased from USGS, ordered via an interlibrary loan, or attained from one of the four library locations directly. The library home page provides links to search engines for USGS publications, photographs, maps, etc. Users can search various databases to find what they need. These databases include: the Geographic Names Information System database, the Minerals Information Collection, the National Geologic Map Database, and a database of purchased journals held by the library. Users can also search the library's catalog, and can post questions to a librarian via the Ask a Librarian link.


Image copy-move forgery detection based on polar cosine transform and approximate nearest neighbor searching.  


Copy-move is one of the most commonly used image tampering operation, where a part of image content is copied and then pasted to another part of the same image. In order to make the forgery visually convincing and conceal its trace, the copied part may subject to post-processing operations such as rotation and blur. In this paper, we propose a polar cosine transform and approximate nearest neighbor searching based copy-move forgery detection algorithm. The algorithm starts by dividing the image into overlapping patches. Robust and compact features are extracted from patches by taking advantage of the rotationally-invariant and orthogonal properties of the polar cosine transform. Potential copy-move pairs are then detected by identifying the patches with similar features, which is formulated as approximate nearest neighbor searching and accomplished by means of locality-sensitive hashing (LSH). Finally, post-verifications are performed on potential pairs to filter out false matches and improve the accuracy of forgery detection. To sum up, the LSH based similar patch identification and the post-verification methods are two major novelties of the proposed work. Experimental results reveal that the proposed work can produce accurate detection results, and it exhibits high robustness to various post-processing operations. In addition, the LSH based similar patch detection scheme is much more effective than the widely used lexicographical sorting. PMID:23149318

Li, Yuenan



The library as a reference tool: online catalogs  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Online catalogs are computerized listings of materials in a particular library or group of libraries. General characteristics of online catalogs include ability for searching interactively and for locating descriptions of books, maps, and reports on regional or topical geology. Suggestions for searching, evaluating results, modifying searches, and limitations of searching are presented. -Author

Stark, M.



An adaptive knowledge-driven medical image search engine for interactive diffuse parenchymal lung disease quantification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Characterization and quantification of the severity of diffuse parenchymal lung diseases (DPLDs) using Computed Tomography (CT) is an important issue in clinical research. Recently, several classification-based computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems [1-3] for DPLD have been proposed. For some of those systems, a degradation of performance [2] was reported on unseen data because of considerable inter-patient variances of parenchymal tissue patterns. We believe that a CAD system of real clinical value should be robust to inter-patient variances and be able to classify unseen cases online more effectively. In this work, we have developed a novel adaptive knowledge-driven CT image search engine that combines offline learning aspects of classification-based CAD systems with online learning aspects of content-based image retrieval (CBIR) systems. Our system can seamlessly and adaptively fuse offline accumulated knowledge with online feedback, leading to an improved online performance in detecting DPLD in both accuracy and speed aspects. Our contribution lies in: (1) newly developed 3D texture-based and morphology-based features; (2) a multi-class offline feature selection method; and, (3) a novel image search engine framework for detecting DPLD. Very promising results have been obtained on a small test set.

Tao, Yimo; Zhou, Xiang Sean; Bi, Jinbo; Jerebkoa, Anna; Wolf, Matthias; Salganicoff, Marcos; Krishnana, Arun



Conducting a Web Search.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Keyword and text string searches of online library catalogs often provide different results according to library and database used and depending upon how books and journals are indexed. For this reason, online databases such as ERIC often provide tutorials and recommendations for searching their site, such as how to use Boolean search strategies.…

Miller-Whitehead, Marie


Visual search in noise: revealing the influence of structural cues by gaze-contingent classification image analysis.  


Visual search experiments have usually involved the detection of a salient target in the presence of distracters against a blank background. In such high signal-to-noise scenarios, observers have been shown to use visual cues such as color, size, and shape of the target to program their saccades during visual search. The degree to which these features affect search performance is usually measured using reaction times and detection accuracy. We asked whether human observers are able to use target features to succeed in visual search tasks in stimuli with very low signal-to-noise ratios. Using the classification image analysis technique, we investigated whether observers used structural cues to direct their fixations as they searched for simple geometric targets embedded at very low signal-to-noise ratios in noise stimuli that had the spectral characteristics of natural images. By analyzing properties of the noise stimulus at observers' fixations, we were able to reveal idiosyncratic, target-dependent features used by observers in our visual search task. We demonstrate that even in very noisy displays, observers do not search randomly, but in many cases they deploy their fixations to regions in the stimulus that resemble some aspect of the target in their local image features. PMID:16889476

Rajashekar, Umesh; Bovik, Alan C; Cormack, Lawrence K



KU Libraries holdings featured in political discourse  

E-print Network

12/5/13 KU Libraries holdings featured in political discourse 1/1 Contact Us KU Libraries Lawrence, Kansas 66045 (785) 864-8983 PROVIDING ACCESS TO THE WORLD OF IDEAS KU Libraries The University of Kansas Libraries Libraries... Home Articles & Databases Catalog: books & more E-journals Research by Subject Course Reserves Library Pages A-Z Images KU ScholarWorks KU Digital Collections Hours My Account Request Articles, Books,… Friends & Benefactors Suggestions KU Libraries...



Dalhousie University Libraries Sexton Design & Technology Library  

E-print Network

1 Dalhousie University Libraries Sexton Design & Technology Library EEXXTTEERRNNAALL RREEVVIIEEWW Marilyn Berger, McGill University Library Jane Philipps, Queen's University Libraries Carolynne Presser, University of Manitoba Libraries RREEPPOORRTT IINNTTRROODDUUCCTTIIOONN Members of the Committee were asked

Brownstone, Rob


The Peregrine Fund: Research Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Peregrine Fund was established in 1970 by Tom Cade (a professor of ornithology at Cornell University) to support peregrine falcon populations in the wild. Through its growing Research Library, the Peregrine Fund is committed to making "library and specimen collections available to the entire global research community, especially to colleagues who may not have access to comprehensive library resources." The Research Library holds a large collection of books, reports, reprints, and journals relating to conservation biology, birds, and more. The Library offers search engines for the Reprints Catalog and Research Library Catalog; as well as downloadable inventories for journals, magazines, and newsletters. In addition, the website offers downloadable Peregrine Fund publications from the past two years, annual reports and newsletters, and access to a searchable bibliography of Peregrine Fund publications spanning more than three decades of research.


High-Content Image-Based Screening of a Signal Transduction Pathway Inhibitor Small-Molecule Library against Highly Pathogenic RNA Viruses.  


High-content image-based screening was developed as an approach to test a small-molecule library of compounds targeting signal transduction pathways for antiviral activity against multiple highly pathogenic RNA viruses. Of the 2843 compounds screened, 120 compounds exhibited ?60% antiviral activity. Four compounds (E225-0969, E528-0039, G118-0778, and G544-0735), which were most active against Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) and showed broad-spectrum antiviral activity, were selected for further evaluation for their concentration-response profile and cytotoxicity. These compounds did not show any visible cytotoxicity at the highest concentration of compound tested (200 µM). All four of these compounds were more active than ribavirin against several viruses. One compound, E225-0969, had the lowest effective concentration (EC50 = 1.9-8.92 µM) for all the viruses tested. This compound was 13- and 43-fold more inhibitory against RVFV and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), respectively, than ribavirin. The highest selectivity index (>106.2) was for E225-0969 against CHIKV. Time-of-addition assays suggested that all four lead compounds targeted early steps in the viral life cycle (entry and/or replication) but not virus egress. Overall, this work demonstrates that high-content image analysis can be used to screen chemical libraries for new antivirals against highly pathogenic viruses. PMID:25342145

Mudhasani, Rajini; Kota, Krishna P; Retterer, Cary; Tran, Julie P; Tritsch, Sarah R; Zamani, Rouzbeh; Whitehouse, Chris A; Bavari, Sina



National Agricultural Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are regular online agricultural libraries, and then there is the National Agricultural Library (NAL), with more working papers, fact sheets, and farm updates than ears of corn in a corncrib. This digital library, produced by the United States Department of Agriculture will be quite a boon to agriculture scholars, extension agents, and farmers alike. Designed to assist those who are unable to make a personal visit, the Library's website allows users to browse documents by subject (such as marketing and trade or livestock) and also ask actual librarians questions, via the site. Visitors will definitely want to look at the NAL Special Collections area, which features a number of rare agricultural books and guides, and the very nice pomological watercolor collection, which features images of apples, grapes, and pears.


Effect of verbal instructions and image size on visual search strategies in basketball free throw shooting.  


We assessed the effects on basketball free throw performance of two types of verbal directions with an external attentional focus. Novices (n = 16) were pre-tested on free throw performance and assigned to two groups of similar ability (n = 8 in each). Both groups received verbal instructions with an external focus on either movement dynamics (movement form) or movement effects (e.g. ball trajectory relative to basket). The participants also observed a skilled model performing the task on either a small or large screen monitor, to ascertain the effects of visual presentation mode on task performance. After observation of six videotaped trials, all participants were given a post-test. Visual search patterns were monitored during observation and cross-referenced with performance on the pre- and post-test. Group effects were noted for verbal instructions and image size on visual search strategies and free throw performance. The 'movement effects' group saw a significant improvement in outcome scores between the pre-test and post-test. These results supported evidence that this group spent more viewing time on information outside the body than the 'movement dynamics' group. Image size affected both groups equally with more fixations of shorter duration when viewing the small screen. The results support the benefits of instructions when observing a model with an external focus on movement effects, not dynamics. PMID:11999481

Al-Abood, Saleh A; Bennett, Simon J; Hernandez, Francisco Moreno; Ashford, Derek; Davids, Keith



Basic Research in Atkins Library. A Research Guide and Workbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook is designed to help students at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte acquire basic research skills in using a university library. The workbook is divided into 10 sections: (1) Finding Books in Atkins Library; (2) Library of Congress Subject Headings; (3) Searching ALADDIN (the online catalog); (4) Searching a Subject; (5) Call…

Van Noate, Judith


Geospatial Selection Using Mapx and JAZ JavaScript Libraries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geospatial selection widgets are becoming more prominent in many online data search tools. In order to make these selection widgets function, it is important to be able to project coordinates from the screen to the earth, and vice-versa. The JavaScript Mapx library enables these projection algorithms to be embedded into a web page, allowing the page to make use of on-the-fly projections in a client browser without having to make calls to a server. This, in turn, can greatly speed up projection calculations, and allow for more robust and interactive functionality in client web applications. The JavaScript JAZ library harnesses the power of the Mapx projections by allowing the user to easily embed a selection widget into any tool requiring a visual geospatial selection mechanism. This relatively lightweight tool provides some significant power by allowing geospatial selections to be done on images of a variety of different map projections. These images can be served from a static image library, or a more dynamic Web Map Server (WMS) setup on a host. The flexibility of this widget has made it possible to use in a variety of web search tools.

Lewis, S.



Electronic biomedical literature search for budding researcher.  


Search for specific and well defined literature related to subject of interest is the foremost step in research. When we are familiar with topic or subject then we can frame appropriate research question. Appropriate research question is the basis for study objectives and hypothesis. The Internet provides a quick access to an overabundance of the medical literature, in the form of primary, secondary and tertiary literature. It is accessible through journals, databases, dictionaries, textbooks, indexes, and e-journals, thereby allowing access to more varied, individualised, and systematic educational opportunities. Web search engine is a tool designed to search for information on the World Wide Web, which may be in the form of web pages, images, information, and other types of files. Search engines for internet-based search of medical literature include Google, Google scholar, Scirus, Yahoo search engine, etc., and databases include MEDLINE, PubMed, MEDLARS, etc. Several web-libraries (National library Medicine, Cochrane, Web of Science, Medical matrix, Emory libraries) have been developed as meta-sites, providing useful links to health resources globally. A researcher must keep in mind the strengths and limitations of a particular search engine/database while searching for a particular type of data. Knowledge about types of literature, levels of evidence, and detail about features of search engine as available, user interface, ease of access, reputable content, and period of time covered allow their optimal use and maximal utility in the field of medicine. Literature search is a dynamic and interactive process; there is no one way to conduct a search and there are many variables involved. It is suggested that a systematic search of literature that uses available electronic resource effectively, is more likely to produce quality research. PMID:24179937

Thakre, Subhash B; Thakre S, Sushama S; Thakre, Amol D



Electronic Biomedical Literature Search for Budding Researcher  

PubMed Central

Search for specific and well defined literature related to subject of interest is the foremost step in research. When we are familiar with topic or subject then we can frame appropriate research question. Appropriate research question is the basis for study objectives and hypothesis. The Internet provides a quick access to an overabundance of the medical literature, in the form of primary, secondary and tertiary literature. It is accessible through journals, databases, dictionaries, textbooks, indexes, and e-journals, thereby allowing access to more varied, individualised, and systematic educational opportunities. Web search engine is a tool designed to search for information on the World Wide Web, which may be in the form of web pages, images, information, and other types of files. Search engines for internet-based search of medical literature include Google, Google scholar, Scirus, Yahoo search engine, etc., and databases include MEDLINE, PubMed, MEDLARS, etc. Several web-libraries (National library Medicine, Cochrane, Web of Science, Medical matrix, Emory libraries) have been developed as meta-sites, providing useful links to health resources globally. A researcher must keep in mind the strengths and limitations of a particular search engine/database while searching for a particular type of data. Knowledge about types of literature, levels of evidence, and detail about features of search engine as available, user interface, ease of access, reputable content, and period of time covered allow their optimal use and maximal utility in the field of medicine. Literature search is a dynamic and interactive process; there is no one way to conduct a search and there are many variables involved. It is suggested that a systematic search of literature that uses available electronic resource effectively, is more likely to produce quality research. PMID:24179937

Thakre, Subhash B.; Thakre S, Sushama S.; Thakre, Amol D.



British Library Labs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the British Library Labs offer up interactive digital collections and apps based on the holdings of this remarkable library. First-time visitors can navigate to the left-hand side of the page to look over datasets, maps, images, sounds, and multimedia materials. Within Digital Collections, the Images area features the Endangered Archives Programme (EAP), which is concerned with the preservation of archival material in danger of destruction, neglect, or physical deterioration world-wide. Visitors can look through four different collections in the Music area, including Early Music Online which features over 320 volumes of 16th-century music from the British Library. Users can also look over the Digital Scholarship Blog that offers up thoughtful meditations on the Labsâ?? ongoing activities and projects.


Search For Satellites Around Asteroids With Coronagraphic High-contrast Imaging On Adaptive Optics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-contrast, coronagraphic imaging with adaptive optics (AO) is a powerful technique for directly detecting exoplanets orbiting nearby stars. We explore the capability of an advanced hardware configuration at the Palomar Hale Telescope to search for satellites around solar system asteroids . Seventeen asteroids, including Ceres, Pallas, and Vesta were observed on April 25 and 26, 2010 in the Ks and J-bands. For each target, we use a 0.41" (0.91" for Ceres) diameter occulting disk to block the light from the primary body. We also observed a nearby calibration star to facilitate point-spread-function (PSF) subtraction. Since asteroids are spatially resolved, additional processing is required compared to stars, which are generally point sources. By subtracting a PSF reference convolved with asteroid disk, we were able to reduce the intensity of speckle noise around the primary body by a factor of 7-10 compared to standard coronagraphy, reaching 5-sigma contrast ratios better than 1e-4 at separations greater than 1" from the center of occulting disk for the best cases. Although our preliminary analysis did not reveal any satellite detections around any of the asteroids, we were able to place strong upper-limits on the size of companions to Ceres of 1 km at 3 Ceres radii, assuming a Ceres-like albedo. Pallas and Vesta have similar detection limits. The results demonstrate that high-contrast imaging techniques widely used on point sources for exoplanet imaging can be effectively adapted to search for km to sub-km sized satellites within 10 radii of large main belt asteroids.

Li, Jianyang; Crepp, J.; Serabyn, G.; McFadden, L.; Williams, J.; Crow, C.



Libraries program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Congress authorized a library for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in 1879. The library was formally established in 1882 with the naming of the first librarian and began with a staff of three and a collection of 1,400 books. Today, the USGS Libraries Program is one of the world's largest Earth and natural science repositories and a resource of national significance used by researchers and the public worldwide.



University of Colorado at Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library Chinook On-Line Catalog and e-Resources  

E-print Network

University of Colorado at Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library 1 Chinook On all the time. Still in beta test. #12;University of Colorado at Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library 2 Full-text databases: Science Direct Web-based database that searches over 1800 Elsevier

Stowell, Michael


Western Waters Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the earliest European explorers to the time of modern engineers and hydrologists, the vast reserves of water within the Western United States have been the cause of both great excitement and concern. This compelling digital library brings together a wide range of documents (including legal transcripts, water project records, and personal papers) that document the Columbia, Colorado, Platte, and Rio Grande river basins. The project was completed with support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services and twelve university libraries in eight western states. On the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches, or just elect to browse through the available materials. Browsing is a good option actually, as all of the materials are contained with one of four sections: subject, people, places, and signature collections. The signature collections are a real find, and visitors can look over troves that include "Native American Water Rights in Arizona", "The Platte River Basin in Nebraska", and "Las Vegas: Water in the West".



Enterprise Reference Library  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Introduction: Johnson Space Center (JSC) offers two extensive libraries that contain journals, research literature and electronic resources. Searching capabilities are available to those individuals residing onsite or through a librarian s search. Many individuals have rich collections of references, but no mechanisms to share reference libraries across researchers, projects, or directorates exist. Likewise, information regarding which references are provided to which individuals is not available, resulting in duplicate requests, redundant labor costs and associated copying fees. In addition, this tends to limit collaboration between colleagues and promotes the establishment of individual, unshared silos of information The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) team has utilized a centralized reference management tool during the development, test, and operational phases of this project. The Enterprise Reference Library project expands the capabilities developed for IMM to address the above issues and enhance collaboration across JSC. Method: After significant market analysis for a multi-user reference management tool, no available commercial tool was found to meet this need, so a software program was built around a commercial tool, Reference Manager 12 by The Thomson Corporation. A use case approach guided the requirements development phase. The premise of the design is that individuals use their own reference management software and export to SharePoint when their library is incorporated into the Enterprise Reference Library. This results in a searchable user-specific library application. An accompanying share folder will warehouse the electronic full-text articles, which allows the global user community to access full -text articles. Discussion: An enterprise reference library solution can provide a multidisciplinary collection of full text articles. This approach improves efficiency in obtaining and storing reference material while greatly reducing labor, purchasing and duplication costs. Most importantly, increasing collaboration across research groups provides unprecedented access to information relevant to NASA s mission. Conclusion: This project is an expansion and cost-effective leveraging of the existing JSC centralized library. Adding key word and author search capabilities and an alert function for notifications about new articles, based on users profiles, represent examples of future enhancements.

Bickham, Grandin; Saile, Lynn; Havelka, Jacque; Fitts, Mary



NOAA Photo Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) photo library contains thousands of images, divided into topical collections such as severe storms and weather (lightning, hail, tornados, clouds, Doppler radar), space (satellites, launches), undersea themes (coral, animals, coastlines, fisheries, marine sanctuaries), animals (polar bears, seals, walrus, birds, caribou, whales), flight, and historical images. The collections are browsable or searchable by keyword. The photos are downloadable and include date, photographer, and location, when available. Most also have a high-resolution version.


America's Star Libraries: Top-Rated Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Library Journal"'s national rating of public libraries, the "LJ" Index of Public Library Service 2009, Round 2, identifies 258 "star" libraries. Created by Keith Curry Lance and Ray Lyons and based on 2007 data from the IMLS, it rates 7,268 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three stars. All included libraries,…

Lance, Keith Curry; Lyons, Ray



Local search for optimal global map generation using mid-decadal landsat images  

USGS Publications Warehouse

NASA and the US Geological Survey (USGS) are seeking to generate a map of the entire globe using Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) and Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) sensor data from the "mid-decadal" period of 2004 through 2006. The global map is comprised of thousands of scene locations and, for each location, tens of different images of varying quality to chose from. Furthermore, it is desirable for images of adjacent scenes be close together in time of acquisition, to avoid obvious discontinuities due to seasonal changes. These characteristics make it desirable to formulate an automated solution to the problem of generating the complete map. This paper formulates a Global Map Generator problem as a Constraint Optimization Problem (GMG-COP) and describes an approach to solving it using local search. Preliminary results of running the algorithm on image data sets are summarized. The results suggest a significant improvement in map quality using constraint-based solutions. Copyright ?? 2007, Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence ( All rights reserved.

Khatib, L.; Gasch, J.; Morris, R.; Covington, S.



Libraries and the Search for Academic Excellence. Proceedings of the Arden House Symposium (New York, New York, March 15-17, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the introductory paper Patricia Senn Breivik provides background information on and an overview of a national symposium. This introduction is followed by the full text of nine papers presented at the symposium: (1) "The Academic Library and Education for Leadership" (Major R. Owens, U.S. House of Representatives); (2) "Academic Libraries and…



Petrucci Music Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Petrucci Music Library is an essential database for musicians, music librarians and teachers, as well as lovers of classical music. The online collection shares public domain music via a searchable interface. On the main page, visitors may search for works by composer (or composer's nationality), genre, time period, or melody. Searching by melody is particularly interesting, as it launches an interactive keyboard on which users may play (or, for those of us less musically inclined, attempt to play) a familiar melody in order to search the database for it. Some searches will yield YouTube clips of the music. The website also provides scans of sheet music from many composers, genres and world locations. [AHT



Privatizing Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This timely special report from ALA Editions provides a succinct but comprehensive overview of the "privatization" of public libraries. It provides a history of the trend of local and state governments privatizing public services and assets, and then examines the history of public library privatization right up to the California legislation…

Jerrard, Jane; Bolt, Nancy; Strege, Karen



A Library for Doing Polyhedral Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and implementation of a library of C-code procedures to perform operations on rational polyhedra is described. The library supports intersection, union, difference, simplification in context, convex hull, affine image, affine preimage, and computation of dual forms. Since not all of these functions are closed over polyhedra, the library is extended to operate on finite unions of polyhedra. The




Searching for Binary Systems in Planetary Nebulae Using the ISIS Image Subtraction Software  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are exploring the theory that binary central stars of planetary nebulae are a contributing factor in the formation of planetary nebulae. Since periodic variability is indicative of a close binary system, we search for photometric variability in the central stars of planetary nebulae. The variability of our targets is assessed with the image subtraction software, ISIS. We find that the central stars of the planetary nebulae Hen 2-84 and NGC 6326 show variability. A preliminary light curve for Hen 2-84 shows periodic behavior, suggesting a binary system. We do not have sufficient data for NGC 6326 to determine periodicity, but our results are consistent with previous work that does show periodic behavior. Of the remaining targets observed, with sufficient data, seven do not appear to have substantial variability detected through ISIS and two targets have undeterminable variability.

Schwartz, Samantha Jo; Hillwig, T.



Optimized analysis method for indirect dark matter searches with imaging air Cherenkov telescopes  

SciTech Connect

We propose a dedicated analysis approach for indirect Dark Matter searches with Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes. By using the full likelihood analysis, we take complete advantage of the distinct features expected in the gamma ray spectrum of Dark Matter origin, achieving better sensitivity with respect to the standard analysis chains. We describe the method and characterize its general performance. We also compare its sensitivity with that of the current standards for several Dark Matter annihilation models, obtaining gains of up to factors of order of 10. We compute the improved limits that can be reached using this new approach, taking as an example existing estimates for several benchmark models as well as the recent results from VERITAS on observations of the dwarf spheroidal galaxy Segue 1. Furthermore, we estimate the sensitivity of Cherenkov Telescopes for monochromatic line signals. Predictions are made on improvement that can be achieved for MAGIC and CTA. Lastly, we discuss how this method can be applied in a global, sensitivity-optimized indirect Dark Matter search that combines the results of all Cherenkov observatories of the present generation.

Aleksi?, J.; Martinez, M. [Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE), Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Rico, J., E-mail:, E-mail:, E-mail: [Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), E-08010 Barcelona (Spain)



Folger Shakespeare Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Folger Shakespeare Library opened in 1932 as a gift to the United States from Henry Clay Folger and his wife Emily Jordan Folger. Located in Washington, DC, the Library continues to be administered by a board of governors from Amherst College, Mr. Folger's alma mater. As one might imagine, the site has a great deal to offer those looking for materials related to Shakespeare, and the "Discover Shakespeare" area is a good place to start in this regard. In this area, visitors can learn about Shakespeare's life, his works, and even view images from some of his rare folios held by the Library. Scholars and others will find that the "Use the Collection" area is invaluable as well. Here visitors can learn about fellowship programs offered by the Library, and more importantly, they can also browse through their digital collection, which contains over 20,000 images. These images include books, theater memorabilia, manuscripts, and letters. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive electronic news updates and also learn about their upcoming theatrical productions.


Using Public Library Reference Collections and Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies examined public library reference services use by patrons in Anglo, Hispanic, and Vietnamese communities in California. Interview questions concerned search topics, use of staff help, perceived usefulness of search result, successful search strategies, reasons for not seeking help, foreknowledge of sources, reasons for using the…

Childers, Thomas A.



Dean of Libraries/University Director Library  

E-print Network

Dean of Libraries/University Librarian Director Library Information Systems Director Communications Senior Director Assistant Dean Development Syracuse University Libraries Functional Organizational Chart Librarians and Professionals April 2013 4/25/2013 Syracuse University Libraries Org Chart 1 #12;

McConnell, Terry


A visual-search model observer for multislice-multiview SPECT images  

PubMed Central

Purpose: Mathematical model observers are intended for efficient assessment of diagnostic image quality, but model-observer studies often are not representative of clinical realities. Model observers based on a visual-search (VS) paradigm may allow for greater clinical relevance. The author has compared the performances of several VS model observers with those of human observers and an existing scanning model observer for a study involving nodule detection and localization in simulated Tc-99m single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) lung volumes. Methods: A localization receiver operating characteristic (LROC) study compared two iterative SPECT reconstruction strategies: an all-corrections (AllC) strategy with compensations for attenuation, scatter, and distance-dependent camera resolution and an “RC” strategy with resolution compensation only. Nodules in the simulation phantom were of three different relative contrasts. Observers in the study had access to the coronal, sagittal, and transverse displays of the reconstructed volumes. Three human observers each read 50 training volumes and 100 test volumes per reconstruction strategy. The same images were analyzed by a channelized nonprewhitening (CNPW) scanning observer and two VS observers. The VS observers implemented holistic search processes that identified focal points of Tc-99m uptake for subsequent analysis by the CNPW scanning model. The level of prior knowledge about the background structure in the images was a study variable for the model observers. Performance was scored by area under the LROC curve. Results: The average human-observer performances were respectively 0.67 ± 0.04 and 0.61 ± 0.03 for the RC and AllC strategies. Given approximate knowledge about the background structure, both VS models scored 0.69 ± 0.08 (RC) and 0.66 ± 0.08 (AllC). The scanning observer reversed the strategy ranking in scoring 0.73 ± 0.08 with the AllC strategy and 0.64 ± 0.08 with the RC strategy. The VS observers exhibited less sensitivity to variations in background knowledge compared to the scanning observer. Conclusions: The VS framework has the potential to increase the clinical similitude of model-observer studies and to enhance the ability of existing model observers to quantitatively predict human-observer performance. PMID:24007181

Gifford, Howard C.



Direct imaging search for planets around low-mass stars and spectroscopic characterization of young exoplanets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low--mass stars between 0.1--0.6 M? are the most abundant members our galaxy and may be the most common sites of planet formation, but little is known about the outer architecture of their planetary systems. We have carried out a high-contrast adaptive imaging search for gas giant planets between 1--13 MJup around 122 newly identified young M dwarfs in the solar neighborhood ( ? 35 pc). Half of our targets are younger than 145 Myr, and 90% are younger than 580 Myr. After removing 39 resolved stellar binaries, our homogeneous sample of 83 single young M dwarfs makes it the largest imaging search for planets around low--mass stars to date. Our H- and K- band coronagraphic observations with Subaru/HiCIAO and Keck/NIRC2 achieve typical contrasts of 9--13 mag and 12--14 mag at 100, respectively, which corresponds to limiting masses of ˜1--10 M Jup at 10--30 AU for most of our sample. We discovered four brown dwarfs with masses between 25--60 MJup at projected separations of 4--190 AU. Over 100 candidate planets were discovered, nearly all of which were found to be background stars from follow-up second epoch imaging. Our null detection of planets nevertheless provides strong statistical constraints on the occurrence rate of giant planets around M dwarfs. Assuming circular orbits and a logarithmically-flat power law distribution in planet mass and semi--major axis of the form d 2N=(dloga dlogm) infinity m0 a0, we measure an upper limit (at the 95% confidence level) of 8.8% and 12.6% for 1--13 MJup companions between 10--100 AU for hot start and cold start evolutionary models, respectively. For massive gas giant planets in the 5--13 M Jup range like those orbiting HR 8799, GJ 504, and beta Pictoris, we find that fewer than 5.3% (7.8%) of M dwarfs harbor these planets between 10--100 AU for a hot start (cold start) formation scenario. Our best constraints are for brown dwarf companions; the frequency of 13--75 MJup companions between (de--projected) physical separations of 10--100 AU is 2.1+2.1-1.2 %. Altogether, our results show that gas giant planets, especially massive ones, are rare in the outskirts of M dwarf planetary systems. If disk instability is a viable way to form planets, our constraints for the most common type of star imply that overall it is an inefficient mechanism.

Bowler, Brendan Peter


Engineering Library Guidance  

E-print Network

Science & Engineering Library Library Guidance April 2014 1 #12;Contents 1 Overview of Waseda University Library 2 Science & Engineering Library and the Student Reading Room 3 WINE: Waseda's Library Catalog3 WINE: Waseda's Library Catalog 4 Library Services 5 Notes 2 #12;How many libraries

Kaji, Hajime



E-print Network

INTEGRATED PLANNING: UNIVERSITY LIBRARY your library engage, enlighten, explore at Transforming Library Services, Collections and Facilities: The University Library People Plan SUMMARY VERSION OVERVIEW Central themes in the library strategic plan highlight the critical importance which our people

Peak, Derek


Automatic correspondence using the enhanced hexagonal center-based inner search algorithm for point-based dental image registration.  


In this paper a modified version of the center-based inner search algorithm, the enhanced hexagonal center-based inner search algorithm, for automatic point correspondence is proposed towards dental registration. The modified algorithm is incorporated within a general registration scheme which is based on extracting a set of candidate points on the reference image, finding their corresponding points in the other image (float image) using the proposed algorithm and applying an affine geometrical transformation towards automatic registration. The performance of the proposed algorithm is evaluated against a well-known method for automatic correspondence, in terms of the registration accuracy. Qualitative and quantitative results on registering 24 dental pairs showed that the proposed algorithm outperforms the other method for automatic correspondence. PMID:17946045

Economopoulos, T; Asvestas, P A; Matsopoulos, G K; Grondahl, K; Grondahl, H G



The wide field imager Lyman-alpha search (WFILAS) for galaxies at redshift ~5.7. II. Survey design and sample analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context: .Wide-field narrowband surveys are an efficient way of searching large volumes of high-redshift space for distant galaxies. Aims: .We describe the Wide Field Imager Lyman-Alpha Search (WFILAS) over 0.74 sq. degree for bright emission-line galaxies at z ˜ 5.7. Methods: .WFILAS uses deep images taken with the Wide Field Imager (WFI) on the ESO\\/MPI 2.2 m telescope in three

E. Westra; D. Heath Jones; C. E. Lidman; K. Meisenheimer; R. M. Athreya; C. Wolf; T. Szeifert; E. Pompei; L. Vanzi



Online Search Optimization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course syllabus describes methods for optimizing online searching, using as an example searching on the National Library of Medicine (NLM) online system. Four major activities considered are the online interview, query analysis and search planning, online interaction, and post-search analysis. Within the context of these activities, concepts…

Homan, Michael; Worley, Penny


Mapping of low-frequency chimeric yeast artificial chromosome libraries from human chromosomes 16 and 21 by fluorescence in situ hybridization and quantitative image analysis  

SciTech Connect

Yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones from low-frequency chimeric libraries of human chromosomes 16 and 21 were mapped onto human diploid fibroblast metaphase chromosomes using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and digital imaging microscopy. YACs mapped onto chromosome 21 were selected to provide subregional location and ordering of known and unknown markers on the long arm of chromosome 21, particularly in the Down syndrome region (q22). YACs mapped onto chromosome 16 were selected to overlap regions spanning chromosome 16 cosmid maps. YAC clones were indirectly labeled with fluorescein, and the total DNA of the chromosome was counterstained with propidium iodide. A single image containing both the FISH signal and the whole chromosome was acquired for each chromosome of interest containing the fluorescent probe signal in a metaphase spread. From the digitized image, the fluorescence intensity profile through the long axis of the chromosome gave the total chromosome length and the probe position. The map position of the probe was expressed as the fractional length (FL) of the total chromosome relative to the end of the short arm (Flpter). From each clone hybridized, 20-40 chromosome images were analyzed. Thirty-eight YACs were mapped onto chromosome 16, and their FLs were distributed along the short and long arms. On chromosome 21, 47 YACs were mapped, including 12 containing known markers. To confirm the order of a dense population of YACs within the Down syndrome region, a two-color mapping strategy was used in which an anonymous YAC was located relative to one or two known markers on the metaphase chromosome. The chromosome FL maps have a 1- to 2-Mb resolution, and the FL measurement of each probe has a typical standard error of 0.5-1 Mb. 14 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Marrone, B.L.; Campbell, E.W.; Anzick, S.L.; Shera, K.; Campbell, M.; Yoshida, T.M.; McCormick, M.K.; Deaven, L. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))



Telecommunications Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Telecommunications Library at WilTel, includes resources such as the Long Distance Digest, Telecom Digest, Telecom Glossary, the working papers from The Research Institute for Telecommunications and Information Marketing, among others.


Library Juice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Library Juice is a current awareness newsletter for librarians and other information professionals, published weekly by editor-librarian Rory Litwin. Each issue of Library Juice compiles recent news, articles, and announcements gleaned from a wide range of mailing lists related to librarianship, information science, intellectual freedom, and social responsibility. The Website posts the current issue of the newsletter and maintains an archive of all past issues.


Comparison of Iranian National Medical Library with digital libraries of selected countries  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The important role of information and communication technologies and their influence on methods of storing, retrieving information in digital libraries, has not only changed the meanings behind classic library activates but has also created great changes in their services. However, it seems that not all digital libraries provide their users with similar services and only some of them are successful in fulfilling their role in digital environment. The Iranian National Medical library is among those that appear to come short compared to other digital libraries around the world. By knowing the different services provided by digital libraries worldwide, one can evaluate the services provided by Iranian National Medical library. The goal of this study is a comparison between Iranian National Medical library and digital libraries of selected countries. Materials and Methods: This is an applied study and uses descriptive – survey method. The statistical population is the digital libraries around the world which were actively providing library services between October and December 2011 and were selected by using the key word “Digital Library” in Google search engine. The data-gathering tool was direct access to the websites of these digital libraries. The statistical study is descriptive and Excel software was used for data analysis and plotting of the charts. Results: The findings showed that among the 33 digital libraries investigated worldwide, most of them provided Browse (87.87%), Search (84.84%), and Electronic information retrieval (57.57%) services. The “Help” in public services (48/48%) and “Interlibrary Loan” in traditional services (27/27%) had the highest frequency. The Iranian National Medical library provides more digital services compared to other libraries but has less classic and public services and has less than half of possible public services. Other than Iranian National Medical library, among the 33 libraries investigated, the leaders in providing different services are Library of University of California in classic services, Count Way Library of Medicine in digital services, and Library of Finland in public services. Results and Discussion: The results of this study show that among the digital libraries investigated, most provided similar public, digital, and classic services and The Iranian National Medical library has been somewhat successful in providing these services compared to other digital libraries. One can also conclude that the difference in services is at least in part due to difference in environments, information needs, and users. Conclusion: Iranian National Medical Library has been somewhat successful in providing library services in digital environment and needs to identify the services which are valuable to its users by identifying the users’ needs and special characteristics of its environment PMID:25540782

Zare-Farashbandi, Firoozeh; Najafi, Nayere Sadat Soleimanzade; Atashpour, Bahare



Cornell Library Historical Monographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beginning in 1990, the Cornell Library initiated an ambitious early attempt to create digital surrogates for materials that were rapidly deteriorating and becoming brittle. Utilizing prototype equipment developed in tandem with Xerox, the materials were scanned and placed online. Currently, the materials available include 441 entire monographs, totaling 159,961 pages. The search engine located on the site allows visitors to search the holding by author, title, and text. Additionally, visitors can browse the collection by author or title. The monographs include Shelley's "An address to the Irish people," Comte's "Positive Philosophy," selected writings of Richard Wagner, and Sir Richard Burton's "Personal Narrative of a pilgrimage to el Medinah and Meccah." The Web site concludes with a help section that contains information about searching and browsing this interesting collection of online monographs.


High Content Image-Based Screening of a Protease Inhibitor Library Reveals Compounds Broadly Active against Rift Valley Fever Virus and Other Highly Pathogenic RNA Viruses  

PubMed Central

High content image-based screening was developed as an approach to test a protease inhibitor small molecule library for antiviral activity against Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) and to determine their mechanism of action. RVFV is the causative agent of severe disease of humans and animals throughout Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Of the 849 compounds screened, 34 compounds exhibited ?50% inhibition against RVFV. All of the hit compounds could be classified into 4 distinct groups based on their unique chemical backbone. Some of the compounds also showed broad antiviral activity against several highly pathogenic RNA viruses including Ebola, Marburg, Venezuela equine encephalitis, and Lassa viruses. Four hit compounds (C795-0925, D011-2120, F694-1532 and G202-0362), which were most active against RVFV and showed broad-spectrum antiviral activity, were selected for further evaluation for their cytotoxicity, dose response profile, and mode of action using classical virological methods and high-content imaging analysis. Time-of-addition assays in RVFV infections suggested that D011-2120 and G202-0362 targeted virus egress, while C795-0925 and F694-1532 inhibited virus replication. We showed that D011-2120 exhibited its antiviral effects by blocking microtubule polymerization, thereby disrupting the Golgi complex and inhibiting viral trafficking to the plasma membrane during virus egress. While G202-0362 also affected virus egress, it appears to do so by a different mechanism, namely by blocking virus budding from the trans Golgi. F694-1532 inhibited viral replication, but also appeared to inhibit overall cellular gene expression. However, G202-0362 and C795-0925 did not alter any of the morphological features that we examined and thus may prove to be good candidates for antiviral drug development. Overall this work demonstrates that high-content image analysis can be used to screen chemical libraries for new antivirals and to determine their mechanism of action and any possible deleterious effects on host cellular biology. PMID:25144302

Mudhasani, Rajini; Kota, Krishna P.; Retterer, Cary; Tran, Julie P.; Whitehouse, Chris A.; Bavari, Sina



Spectral characterization of coastal sediments using Field Spectral Libraries, Airborne Hyperspectral Images and Topographic LiDAR Data (FHyL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beach dune systems are important for coastal zone ecosystems as they provide natural sea defences that dissipate wave energy. Geomorphological models of this near-shore topography require site-specific sediment composition, grain size and moisture content as inputs. Hyperspectral, field radiometry and LiDAR remote sensing can be used as tools by providing synoptic maps of these properties. However, multi-remote sensing of near-shore beach images can only be interpreted if there are adequate bio-geophysical or empirical models for information extraction. Our aim was thus to model the effects of varying sediment properties on the reflectance in both field and laboratory conditions within the FHyL (Field Spectral Libraries, Airborne Hyperspectral Images and Topographic LiDAR) procedure, using a multisource dataset (airborne Hyperspectral - MIVIS and topographic LiDAR - Hawk-eye II and field radiometry). The methodology consisted of (i) acquisition of simultaneous multi-source datasets (airborne Hyperspectral - MIVIS and topographic LiDAR - Hawk-eye) (ii) hyperspectral measurements of sediment mixtures with varying physical characteristics (moisture, grain size and minerals) in field and laboratory conditions, (iii) determination and quantification of specific absorption features, and (iv) correlation between the absorption features and physical parameters cited above. Results showed the potential of hyperspectral signals to assess the effect of moisture, grain-size and mineral composition on sediment properties.

Manzo, Ciro; Valentini, Emiliana; Taramelli, Andrea; Filipponi, Federico; Disperati, Leonardo



Library of libraries: A novel approach in synthetic combinatorial libraries  

E-print Network

Library of libraries: A novel approach in synthetic combinatorial libraries Nikolai F. Sepetov peptide libraries for pharmacological purposes is not necessarily to find the most active peptide can be used subsequently for developing a drug. Therefore a library of motifs can give as much or more

Lam, Kit S.


Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI) is an international group of Assyriologists, museum curators and historians making available cuneiform tablets dating from the beginning of writing, ca. 3200 B.C., until the end of the third millennium. Led by a team at the University of California at Los Angeles, with initial National Science Foundation funding, this ambitious project seeks expose the collections within the US, Germany, Austria, and the Czech Republic, to a broad audience of specialists, scholars and advanced students. The presently limited (but growing) data set consists of text and image (current library entries offer high quality images), combining document transliterations, text glossaries and digitized originals and photo archives of early cuneiform. To promote discussion and scholarship, CDLI established two, English language, electronic journals which are currently accepting submissions, Cuneiform Digital Library Bulletin (for the rapid distribution of short notes) and the Cuneiform Digital Library Journal (more substantive scholarly contributions). The initial contributions will be made available in March 2002. This collection can be somewhat difficult to navigate, but offers a great opportunity to interested scholars and students.



The JPL Library Information Retrieval System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development, capabilities, and products of the computer-based retrieval system of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Library are described. The system handles books and documents, produces a book catalog, and provides a machine search capability. (Author)

Walsh, Josephine



Visual Search of Experts in Medical Image Reading: The Effect of Training, Target Prevalence, and Expert Knowledge  

PubMed Central

The aims of this study are (a) To determine the effect of training on the multiple-target lesion search performance; and (b) To examine the effect of target prevalence on the performance of radiologists and novices. We conducted four sessions of 500 trials in a lesion search on a medical image task in which participants searched for three different target lesions. Participants were 10 radiologists and novices. In each session, the prevalence of the different target lesions varied from low (2%) to high (40%). The sensitivity of novices was higher in the later sessions than in the first session, whereas there were no differences among sessions in radiologists. The improvement on sensitivity of novices was largely due to attenuations of false alarm (FA) errors. In addition, miss rates of the three targets did not differ in data of novices, whereas radiologists produced a higher miss rate for the highest prevalence target lesion (non-serious lesion) than for the other two lesions (serious lesions). The conclusions are (a) The training for the multiple-target lesion search task can be effective to reduce FA errors; and (b) The prevalence effect on lesion search can be attenuated by the multiple-target identification and the knowledge about seriousness of lesions. This suggests that acquired knowledge about normal cases and serious lesions is an important aspect of a radiologists’ skill in searching for medical lesions and their high performance levels. PMID:23576997

Nakashima, Ryoichi; Kobayashi, Kazufumi; Maeda, Eriko; Yoshikawa, Takeharu; Yokosawa, Kazuhiko



Shaping the library of the future: Digital library developments at Los Alamos National Laboratory`s Research Library  

SciTech Connect

This paper offers an overview of current efforts at the Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory, (LANL), to develop digital library services. Current projects of LANL`s Library without Walls initiative are described. Although the architecture of digital libraries generally is experimental and subject to debate, one principle of LANL`s approach to delivering library information is the use of Mosaic as a client for the Research Library`s resources. Several projects under development have significant ramifications for delivering library services over the Internet. Specific efforts via Mosaic include support for preprint databases, providing access to citation databases, and access to a digital image database of unclassified Los Alamos technical reports.

Luce, R.E.



Library Services in a Supercomputer Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes library services that are offered at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC), which is located at the University of California at San Diego. Topics discussed include the user population; online searching; microcomputer use; electronic networks; current awareness programs; library catalogs; and the slide collection. A sidebar outlines…

Layman, Mary



Public Television Library Catalog of Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Public Television Library (PTL), an integral part of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), searches out, selects, acquires, and distributes programs produced by local public television stations. This catalog lists the 1800 programs or series in the library according to subject matter. Each listing includes number of programs, length of the…

Public Television Library, Washington, DC.


Can Library Use Enhance Intercultural Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the questions to what extent educational research addresses library use in education and how the library can contribute to intercultural education. The focus is primarily on elementary education in Europe. Analysis of research publications was based on searches for peer-reviewed journals in international databases, literary…

Pihl, Joron



Meeting Reference Responsibilities through Library Web Sites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses library Web sites and explains some of the benefits when libraries make their sites into reference portals, linking them to other useful Web sites. Topics include print versus Web information sources; limitations of search engines; what Web sites to include, including criteria for inclusions; and organizing the sites. (LRW)

Adams, Michael



FALCON: An Interactive Library Instruction Tutorial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bowling Green State University Web tutorial, FALCON, models a standard library instructional session on use of the library's Web-based catalog. The tutorial's self-containment, achieved with a complex system of files and without a live catalog connection, enables users to learn how to search the catalog at a pace, time and place of their…

Dennis, Stefanie; Broughton, Kelly



Guide to Library Research in Chicano Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to acquaint persons conducting library research in Chicano Studies with the numerous reference materials found in the University Library at the University of California-Santa Barbara, the manual provides information on the Coleccion Tloque Nahuaque, relevant subject headings, and a useful search strategy. The Coleccion Tloque Nahuaque,…

Guerena, Salvador; Gonzales, Raquel Quiroz


Guide to Library Research in Chicano Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to acquaint persons conducting library research in Chicano Studies with the reference materials found in the University Library at the University of California-Santa Barbara, the manual provides information on the Coleccion Tloque Nahuaque, relevant subject headings, and a useful search strategy. Resources, staff, assigned reading…

Guerena, Salvador; Gonzalez, Raquel Quiroz


CPL: Common Pipeline Library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Common Pipeline Library (CPL) is a set of ISO-C libraries that provide a comprehensive, efficient and robust software toolkit to create automated astronomical data reduction pipelines. Though initially developed as a standardized way to build VLT instrument pipelines, the CPL may be more generally applied to any similar application. The code also provides a variety of general purpose image- and signal-processing functions, making it an excellent framework for the creation of more generic data handling packages. The CPL handles low-level data types (images, tables, matrices, strings, property lists, etc.) and medium-level data access methods (a simple data abstraction layer for FITS files). It also provides table organization and manipulation, keyword/value handling and management, and support for dynamic loading of recipe modules (using programs such as EsoRex).

ESO CPL Development Team



Search and retrieval of medical images for improved diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the medical world, the accuracy of diagnosis is mainly affected by either lack of sufficient understanding of some diseases or the inter-, and/or intra-observer variability of the diagnoses. The former requires understanding the progress of diseases at much earlier stages, extraction of important information from ever growing amounts of data, and finally finding correlations with certain features and complications that will illuminate the disease progression. The latter (inter-, and intra- observer variability) is caused by the differences in the experience levels of different medical experts (inter-observer variability) or by mental and physical tiredness of one expert (intra-observer variability). We believe that the use of large databases can help improve the current status of disease understanding and decision making. By comparing large number of patients, some of the otherwise hidden relations can be revealed that results in better understanding, patients with similar complications can be found, the diagnosis and treatment can be compared so that the medical expert can make a better diagnosis. To this effect, this paper introduces a search and retrieval system for brain MR databases and shows that brain iron accumulation shape provides additional information to the shape-insensitive features, such as the total brain iron load, that are commonly used in the clinics. We propose to use Kendall's correlation value to automatically compare various returns to a query. We also describe a fully automated and fast brain MR image analysis system to detect degenerative iron accumulation in brain, as it is the case in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. The system is composed of several novel image processing algorithms and has been extensively tested in Leiden University Medical Center over so far more than 600 patients.

Ekin, Ahmet; Jasinschi, Radu; Turan, Erman; Engbers, Rene; van der Grond, Jeroen; van Buchem, Mark A.



The New Zealand Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fine Website provides searchable access to a number of voluminous document collections from diverse sources around the world in the fields of history, humanitarian and global development, computer science, music, and literature. These databases are chock full of documents, reports, articles, bibliographies, periodicals, and audio/ video files. The Website's searching and browsing interfaces are provided by Greenstone digital library software and enable easy, effective searching through these substantial collections, which include materials from the UN University, the Food and Agriculture organization, the Humanity Development Library, the World Environment Library, the Bibliotheque pour le Developpement, and more. Also included here are interfaces for the Gutenberg Project (see the November 22, 1996 Scout Report), a women's history collection, a youth oral history covering the lives of New Zealand children in the pre- and post-World War II years, the New Zealand Digital Music Library, and even an extensive music video collection (note: download times for videos can be several minutes). Two of the collections -- on Arabic and Chinese studies -- appear to be still under construction. The great boon of the site, of course, is the fact that rather than simply serving as a gateway, it allows users to immediately access the various materials brought up by the interface. "The New Zealand Digital Library project is a research program at The University of Waikato whose aim is to develop the underlying technology for digital libraries and make it available publicly so that others can use it to create their own collections."


Novanet Libcasts BASIC Searching an EBSCO database  

E-print Network

interface. Dal Libraries Database Search Screen with PsycINFO as search term. Click search. Open Database First let's consider our search terms. In advanced search you can combine search words in a variety some terms. TV, violence and children are three terms we can use to begin our search. Place an asterisk

Brownstone, Rob


America's Star Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Library Journal"'s new national rating of public libraries, the "LJ" Index of Public Library Service, identifies 256 "star" libraries. It rates 7,115 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three Michelin guide-like stars. All included libraries, stars or not, can use their scores to learn from their peers and improve…

Lyons, Ray; Lance, Keith Curry



British Library: Blogs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Library is one of the world's great libraries and its blogs are quite excellent as well. These streams of thought and commentary are crafted by curators, subject specialists, and guest bloggers and on any given day might include "Jokes for David Frost," "Dogs: Medieval Man's Best Friend," and thoughts on Shakespeare's "Measure for Measure." All told, there are over a dozen blogs here and they cover American studies, medieval manuscripts, science, and cartography. The cartography blog is a real pip, addressing topics such as the geography of music festivals and the whimsical sea monsters that grace many ancient maps. Visitors can search through each blog and also elect to sign up to receive updates about new posts.


Meta Search Engine for Searching Multiple Human Rights Sites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently unveiled by the Human Rights Library of the University of Minnesota (originally reviewed in the January 5, 1996 Scout Report), this new search engine will be welcomed by researchers and activists in human rights. Searchable by keyword and several optional operators (Boolean, proximity, truncation), the engine retrieves data from any or all of the 23 different rights-related sites that users select. Interestingly, returns are presented "as is" from the source pages (with page header, images, and unique formats) but combined into a single results page. A test search for "Northern Ireland" on four selected sites returned over 40 results. Direct links to the featured databases and, in some cases, their search tips pages are also provided.


MetaSEEk: A Content-Based Meta-Search Engine for Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

Search engines are the most powerful resources for finding information on the rapidly expanding World Wide Web (WWW). Finding the desired search engines and learning how to use them, however, can be very time consuming. The integration of such search tools enables the users to access information across the world in a transparent and efficient manner. These systems are called

Mandis Beigi; Ana B. Benitez; Shih-Fu Chang



Optimizing use of library technology.  


In this bimonthly series, the author examines how nurse educators can use the Internet and Web-based computer technologies such as search, communication, collaborative writing tools; social networking and social bookmarking sites; virtual worlds; and Web-based teaching and learning programs. This article describes optimizing the use of library technology. PMID:21330886

Wink, Diane M; Killingsworth, Elizabeth K



Military Education and Research Library Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The official Web presence of the military education libraries in the United States and Europe, MERLN links together the holdings and electronic information resources of fourteen libraries, collectively the "largest and most comprehensive collections of military information resources in the world." Users can select a Topic Area (or create a custom topic) or a specific catalog, and then search by title, author, subject heading, or advanced options. The databases are also browseable by author, title, subject, or year. A sample search under title keyword for all libraries for "carpet bombing" produced 74 hits, while "Antietam" produced 266. Hits for each library are listed in a frame on the left-hand side, while basic bibliographic information on each title is listed on the right, with links to more detailed information. Users can repeat previous searches and combine them with other searches using the History option and also save and email selected search returns. Please note that at present the library catalogs for the Marine Corps University Research Center, the Marshall Center, the US Coast Guard Academy, and the US Naval Academy cannot be directly searched from MERLN, but efforts are underway to correct the problem. Users can access the homepages of these libraries, and all of the others linked through MERLN, from the main page.



The 2MASS Wide-Field T Dwarf Search. IV. Hunting Out T Dwarfs with Methane Imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present first results from a major program of methane filter photometry for low-mass stars and brown dwarfs. The definition of a new methane filter photometric system is described. A recipe is provided for the differential calibration of methane imaging data using existing Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) photometry. We show that these filters are effective in discriminating T dwarfs from other types of stars, and we demonstrate this with Anglo-Australian Telescope observations using the IRIS2 imager. Methane imaging data and proper motions are presented for 10 T dwarfs identified as part of the 2MASS Wide-Field T Dwarf Search, seven of them initially identified as T dwarfs using methane imaging. We also present near-infrared moderate-resolution spectra for five T dwarfs newly discovered by this technique. Spectral types obtained from these spectra are compared to those derived from both our methane filter observations and spectral types derived by other observers. Finally, we suggest a range of future programs to which these filters are clearly well suited: the winnowing of T dwarf and Y dwarf candidate objects coming from the next generation of near-infrared sky surveys, the robust detection of candidate planetary-mass brown dwarfs in clusters, the detection of T dwarf companions to known L and T dwarfs via deep methane imaging, and the search for rotationally modulated time-variable surface features on cool brown dwarfs. Based on observations obtained at the Anglo-Australian Telescope, Siding Spring, Australia.

Tinney, C. G.; Burgasser, Adam J.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; McElwain, Michael W.




E-print Network

1 LIBRARY REGULATIONS 1. THE LIBRARY POLICY COMMITTEE 1.1 The Library Policy Committee shall shall be: [i] to formulate proposals in regard to policy matters relating to the Library for consideration by the Academic Council and the Governing Body; [ii] to monitor the implementation of Library

Schellekens, Michel P.


Library Locations Locations other than Main Library  

E-print Network

Library Locations Locations other than Main Library Example: Feminist Studies HQ1410 .U54 2009 University of California, Santa Barbara Library Updated 3-2014 A - B.......................................6 Central M - N..................................................Arts Library (Music Building) P


Library Locations Locations other than Main Library  

E-print Network

Library Locations Locations other than Main Library Example: Feminist Studies HQ1410 .U54 2009 Andelson Collection: 2 South, Ethnic & Gender Studies Library (EGSL) Annex: Off campus storage. See Arts Library: 1st Floor, Music Building Asian American Studies: 2 South, Ethnic & Gender Studies


UNBC Library External Review 2012 Library Response  

E-print Network

UNBC Library External Review 2012 Library Response November 2, 2012 An external review was conducted of the UNBC Library services in April 2012 by Dr. Vicki Williamson of University of Saskatchewan is available at review/ . Below is the Library's planned followup

Northern British Columbia, University of


Library Annual Report Library Annual Report  

E-print Network

Library Annual Report 2007 Library Annual Report 2007 #12; Our mission: By delivering excellent information resources and services the Library is integral to the University's mission of advancing, transmitting and sustaining knowledge. Our vision: The Library will continue to be at the heart

Tobar, Michael


UCLA Library: James Arkatov Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in 1920, cellist James Arkatov performed with the San Francisco Symphony and other organizations before helping form the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra. As the son of a photographer, he also became quite well known for his shots of various artists, conductors, and soloists in performance. He later donated this amazing trove of images to the UCLA Library allowing for this digitized collection of over 780 photos for public consideration. The collection is a wonderful way to learn about the vitality of the Los Angeles music scene in the second half of the 20th century, presenting photos of Aaron Copland at the podium, Abbey Lincoln singing, and Andre Watts at the keyboard. Visitors can scroll through the photos at their leisure or search by name or subject.


National Trust Library Historic Postcard Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Postcards are fragments of the past, like the postcard sent from a lonely son to a mother in Perth Amboy, New Jersey or a postcard from Niagara Falls written by a friend on a weeklong jaunt to Canada. These postcards and more can be found in the University of Maryland's has digitized collection of historic postcards. The University Libraries initiated the project, and while only a selection of the entire collection is available online, it remains quite impressive. Visitors can look at a demonstration pillory from Dover, canoes on the Charles River, or the Belton Chalet in Glacier National Park. Most of the images date from the first several decades of the 20th century, and visitors can browse through the offerings here by state. They are also welcome to use the search engine here as they see fit.


DNA Libraries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers' Domain presents this interactive, adapted from the Dolan DNA Learning Center, to help students learn about DNA Libraries, "the tools scientists use to store and reproduce genetic information that they can later access for their research." After an introduction, students can explore more about the different types of DNA libraries by clicking on any of the five DNA vectors: Yeast Artificial Chromosomes, Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes, Cosmids, Bacteriophage Lambda, and Plasmids. On the site, visitors will also find a supplemental background essay, discussion questions, and standards alignment from Teachers' Domain.



E-print Network

SFU LIBRARY ANNUAL REPORT 2006/07 #12;22 TABLE OF CONTENTS Message from the University Librarian................................................... ....................................... 7 WAC Bennett Library.................................................................. ....................................... 8 Samuel and Frances Belzberg Library


A Fabry-Perot Imaging Search for Lyman-alpha Emission in Quasar Absorbers at z 2.4  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have carried out a deep narrow-band imaging survey of six fields with heavy-element quasar absorption lines, using the Goddard Fabry Perot system at the Apache Point Observatory 3.5-meter telescope. The aim of these observations was to search for redshifted Ly-alpha emission from the galaxies underlying the absorbers at z = 2.3-2.5 and their companion galaxies. A few compact sources

V. P. Kulkarni; D. G. York; B. E. Woodgate; P. Palunas; D. G. Thatte; J. Meiring; E. Wassell



A Fabry-Pérot Imaging Search for Lyalpha Emission in Quasar Absorbers at z ~ 2.4  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have carried out a deep narrowband imaging survey of six fields with heavy-element quasar absorption lines, using the Goddard Fabry-Pérot (FP) system at the Apache Point Observatory (APO) 3.5 m telescope. The aim of these observations was to search for redshifted Lyalpha emission from the galaxies underlying the absorbers at z=2.3-2.5 and their companion galaxies. The 3 sigma sensitivity

Varsha P. Kulkarni; Bruce E. Woodgate; Donald G. York; Deepashri G. Thatte; Joseph Meiring; Povilas Palunas; Edward Wassell



Boston Public Library: Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boston Public Library has crafted dozens of thematic collections documenting travel posters, Boston sports temples, industrial landscapes, and other bits and pieces from this vast and wonderful world. This particular collection documents many facets of business life and culture in and around the Hub. Here visitors will find over 110 images of switchboards at New England Bell, works spaces at New England Life Insurance, banks in East Boston, and Polaroid's famous leader, Edwin Land. The Flickr format is fantastic for using these images, as visitors can create their own collection, add comments, tags, and so on.


NAVIGATING THE SEARCH SCREENS OF THE LIBRARY Hi my name's Susan. This is one of a series of vodcasts on getting the best our of  

E-print Network

plague, leaving the search across All Fields and click on Go, the catalogue finds 243 items. However, if we decide that we only want items that contain the word plague in the title of the document we can in the blue navigation bar and then use the drop down menu to limit the search to the word plague appearing

Pym, David J.


PERSIVAL, a System for Personalized Search and Summarization over Multimedia Healthcare Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the ongoing development of PERSIVAL (Personalized Retrieval and Summarization of Image, Video, and Language), a system designed to provide personalized access to a distributed digital library of medical literature and consumer health information. The goal for PERSIVAL is to tailor search, presentation, and summarization of…

McKeown, Kathleen R.; Chang, Shih-Fu; Cimino, James; Feiner, Steven K.; Friedman, Carol; Gravano, Luis; Hatzivassiloglou, Vasileios; Johnson, Steven; Jordan, Desmond A.; Klavans, Judith L.; Kushniruk, Andre; Patel, Vimla; Teufel, Simone


Libraries and Literacy: A Preliminary Survey of the Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A search of two major English language databases, Library Literature and LISA (Library and Information Science Abstracts) for 1990-2000 was undertaken for the latest reports pertaining to literacy, including major surveys, evaluation studies, manuals on libraries and literacy, and recent major national or regional literacy movements that involved…

Fitzgibbons, Shirley A.


Interoperable Content-based Access of Multimedia in Digital Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent academic and commercial efforts in digital libraries have demonstrated the significant potential for large- scale, on-line search and retrieval of cataloged multimedia content. By improving access to scientific, educational, and historical documents and information, digital libraries create powerful opportunities for revamping education, accelerating scientific discovery and technical advancement, and improving knowledge. Furthermore, digital multimedia libraries go well beyond traditional

John R. Smith



Evaluating School Library Information Services in the Digital Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses criteria for evaluating school library information services. Highlights include types of services; physical facilities; library usage; circulation statistics; changes due to technology; fill rate, or the percentage of successful searches for library materials; OPAC (online public access catalog) reports; observation; and examining…

Everhart, Nancy



Building Earth's Largest Library: Driving into the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the online bookstore as a blueprint for designing the world's largest library. Topics include selection; accessibility and convenience; quality of Web sites and search tools; personalized service; library collection development, including interlibrary loan; library catalogs and catalog records; a circulation system; costs;…

Coffman, Steve



Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building data is given for the following public libraries: New York, New York; Blue Island, Illinois; Corte Madera, California; Muskogee, Oklahoma: Charlotte, North Carolina; Washington, D.C.; Houston, Texas; Albermarle, North Carolina; Spokane, Washington; and Hemet, California. (Author/NH)

Library Journal, 1972



Underground Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of underground buildings constructed primarily during last two decades for various reasons (energy conservation, density of environment, preservation of landscape and historic buildings) notes advantages, disadvantages, and psychological and design considerations. Examples of underground libraries, built mainly in United States, are…

Fuhlrott, Rolf



Laser Induced Fluorescence Imaging: Searching for Organics from the Dry Valleys of Queen Maud Land Antarctica to the Regolith and Ices of Mars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laser induced fluorescence imaging using excitation in ultraviolet (UV) wavelengths has been proposed as a nondestructive astrobiological rapid survey tool to search for amino and nucleic acids [1], microbial life [2], and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) deep in the Mars regolith [3, 4]. However, the technique is easily adapted to search for complex biomolecular targets using longer wavelength sources [5].

M. C. Storrie-Lombardi; B. Sattler; J.-P. Muller; M. Fisk; C. Cousins; L. Dartnell



MetaSEEk: A Content-Based Meta-Search Engine for Images Mandis Beigi, Ana B. Benitez, and Shih-Fu Chang*  

E-print Network

MetaSEEk: A Content-Based Meta-Search Engine for Images Mandis Beigi, Ana B. Benitez, and Shih search engines to assist the unmanageable task of navigating the Web. They try to satisfy the users and inefficient task for even the most expert users. This situation has motivated the recent research

Chang, Shih-Fu


webCATS: Library OPAC's on the World Wide Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peter Scott, the creator of HYTELNET, has collaborated with Doug Macdonald to create webCATS, a page of library catalogs which can be searched via the Web. webCATS is arranged for searching geographically, by type of library, and by library catalog vendor. The webCATS page will soon have an interactive form for adding a URL to your Web searchable library catalog, and in the meantime an email address is provided. The site also connects to the HYTELNET home page. HYTELNET is a computer utility which gives users instant access to telnet accessible library catalogs, FREE-NETS, BBSs, gophers, wais, etc.


LOCATIONS OF LIBRARY MATERIALS Syracuse University Libraries include Bird Library, Carnegie Library, and the Geology Library in Heroy Geology  

E-print Network

LOCATIONS OF LIBRARY MATERIALS Syracuse University Libraries include Bird Library, Carnegie Library, and the Geology Library in Heroy Geology Laboratory. Our catalog also includes material housed in the separately administered Law Library in White Hall and the Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library in the Department

McConnell, Terry


A Review of the Status of 20 Digital Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a review of 20 digital libraries from around the world. Examines library objectives; funding, including the role of government and private sector organizations; subject coverage; collections; information storage and retrieval; search features; access to the collections; output formats; and sorting search output. (LRW)

Meyyappan, N.; Chowdhury, G. G.; Foo, Schubert



Collection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Within a digital library, collections may range from an ad hoc set of objects that serve a temporary purpose to established library collections intended to persist through time. The objects in these collections vary widely, from library and data center holdings to pointers to real-world objects, such as geographic places, and the various metadata schemas that describe them. The key to integrated use of such a variety of collections in a digital library is collection metadata that represents the inherent and contextual characteristics of a collection. The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Project has designed and implemented collection metadata for several purposes: in XML form, the collection metadata "registers" the collection with the user interface client; in HTML form, it is used for user documentation; eventually, it will be used to describe the collection to network search agents; and it is used for internal collection management, including mapping the object metadata attributes to the common search parameters of the system.

Hill, Linda L.; Janee, Greg; Dolin, Ron; Frew, James; Larsgaard, Mary



The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 3 Finding Aid for George Bowen Papers, 1846 ­ 1862 Image Source: Pitts Theology Library Digital Image Archive, served as a missionary in Bombay, India from 1848 till his death in 1888. Bowen was editor of the Bombay

Salzman, Daniel


Victoria and Albert Museum Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The official site of London's V&A, the largest museum of decorative arts in the world, has a image database containing images of over 10,000 objects. While the snazzy interface may be slow to load or difficult to read in some browsers, the image database loads and operates relatively quickly. Users can search the database by keyword or by an advanced search. Results include small thumbnails displayed chronologically (or by country or object type) which link to briefly annotated larger images. The V&A homepage offers information about the museum and its current exhibition on Art Nouveau and links to the National Art Library (located in the V&A) and the 24 Hour Museum Website (reviewed in the August 13, 1999 Scout Report).


Content-based image retrieval for brain MRI: An image-searching engine and population-based analysis to utilize past clinical data for future diagnosis  

PubMed Central

Radiological diagnosis is based on subjective judgment by radiologists. The reasoning behind this process is difficult to document and share, which is a major obstacle in adopting evidence-based medicine in radiology. We report our attempt to use a comprehensive brain parcellation tool to systematically capture image features and use them to record, search, and evaluate anatomical phenotypes. Anatomical images (T1-weighted MRI) were converted to a standardized index by using a high-dimensional image transformation method followed by atlas-based parcellation of the entire brain. We investigated how the indexed anatomical data captured the anatomical features of healthy controls and a population with Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA). PPA was chosen because patients have apparent atrophy at different degrees and locations, thus the automated quantitative results can be compared with trained clinicians' qualitative evaluations. We explored and tested the power of individual classifications and of performing a search for images with similar anatomical features in a database using partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and principal component analysis (PCA). The agreement between the automated z-score and the averaged visual scores for atrophy (r = 0.8) was virtually the same as the inter-evaluator agreement. The PCA plot distribution correlated with the anatomical phenotypes and the PLS-DA resulted in a model with an accuracy of 88% for distinguishing PPA variants. The quantitative indices captured the main anatomical features. The indexing of image data has a potential to be an effective, comprehensive, and easily translatable tool for clinical practice, providing new opportunities to mine clinical databases for medical decision support.

Faria, Andreia V.; Oishi, Kenichi; Yoshida, Shoko; Hillis, Argye; Miller, Michael I.; Mori, Susumu



Fast Nearest Neighbor Search in Medical Image Dept. of Computer Science  

E-print Network

and complexity of images presented to radiologists and other physicians. Additionally, the recent introduction digital image databases. A typical radiology department currently generates between 100,000 and 10,000,000 such images per year. A lmless imaging department such as the Baltimore VA Medical Center (VAMC) generates

Faloutsos, Christos


Savvy Searching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes indexes to Web resources that have been created by librarians to be more discriminating than the usual Web search engines, some of which are organized by standard classification systems. Includes indexes by solo librarians as well as by groups of librarians, some in public libraries and some in higher education. (LRW)

Jacso, Peter



Symposium on Presidential Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes five articles that discuss presidential libraries. Highlights include an overview of the development of the federal presidential library system; the Ronald Reagan library; the Richard Nixon library archives; access at the Gerald Ford library; and computerizing the Jimmy Carter library. (LRW)

Relyea, Harold C.; And Others



3 Library Regulations Definitions  

E-print Network

3 Library Regulations Definitions In Regulation 3: 'Library' means the University Library as defined in Regulation 3.1; 'Library staff' means the staff of the University Library; 'Librarian' means the University Librarian and Head of Information Resources Directorate or nominee; `Library Committee' means

Mottram, Nigel


Historical Postcards of New York City from the Picture Collection at Mid-Manhattan Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Van Cortland Park in the Bronx down to the bucolic stylings of Staten Island in the late 19th century, this very fun online exhibition from the New York Public Library will sate the desires of those persons with a penchant for historical postcards. Recently, the Library placed five hundred postcards depicting views of all five boroughs in the late 19th and early 20th century within the much larger NYPL Digital Gallery. This exhibition offers a brief introduction to these depictions of New York's past, and visitors can get a taste of the images by looking through sections that include "A Record of Time", "A Record of Place", and "A Record of the People". Visitors can look at promenades in Central Park, the early days of Riverside Drive, and the Astor Library. After that, they can perform their own postcard searches, and purists will note that the back of every postcard has also been scanned for this project.


Online Bibliometrics in an Academic Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of periodicals usage conducted at I.D. Weeks Library, University of South Dakota, used computerized databases to isolate journals important to individual departments and establish criteria for periodical subscription budget cuts. Three search methods used and costs incurred are outlined. Four references and search examples are provided.…

Sprules, Marcia L.



New Zealand Digital Library: Humanity Development Library 2.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Humanity Development Library is to make practical information from many sources available at the lowest possible cost to the user. Originally created as a set of CD-ROMs and now on the Web, the library provides a gateway to the publications of a whole host of international human development and educational organizations, from the Asian Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU) to the World Bank. Greenstone software, developed for the New Zealand Digital Library, allows keyword searching across the 1,200+ texts in the library. Users can also browse by subject, title, or organization. The library is available as part of the New Zealand Digital Library, includes full texts and cover art of publications such as CERES, a periodical from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and AIDS Prevention Through Health Promotion, a 1991 book from the World Health Organization. The "Detach" feature of the software allows users to read selected publications in a separate browser window


Afghanistan Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the Afghanistan Digital Library at New York University is "to retrieve and restore the first sixty years of Afghanistan's published cultural heritage." This period, from 1871 to 1930, is of great importance as the earliest publications from this time frame are very rare and decades of war have not helped the situation. A team of scholars working at the National Archives in Kabul and NYU has helped to digitize a number of these documents for inclusion in this digital library. The project is sponsored by NYU Libraries, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and The Reed Foundation. Currently, the archive contains over 380 books, and visitors can browse them at their leisure. There is a search feature, but as the transliteration part of the project is still in development, visitors might just want to look around at items they find compelling. The viewer application is quite user-friendly, and visitors can zoom in to examine various details of each work.


Putting Old Data into New System: Web-Based Catalog Card Image Searching  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new approach to solve the data inputting bottleneck problem for library catalog data, or metadata. The data have been provided by paper cards arranged in wooden boxes. A lot of efforts have been taken to digitize them in order to put these data to be machine-readable. However, despite such efforts, only a small amount of data

Toshiro Minami; Hidekazu Kurita; Setsuo Arikawa



The International Career Development Library: The Use of Virtual Libraries To Promote Counselor Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter discusses the development of virtual libraries by the ERIC Clearinghouse for Counseling and Students Services (ERIC/CASS). The International Career Development Library (ICDL) is discussed in detail and the features of the ICDL are described. These features include: the Search feature, providing access to the ICDL database via a…

Walz, Garry R; Reedy, L. Star


Digital Video Library (DVL) AT&T Labs' Digital Video Library (DVL) is a  

E-print Network

AT&T technology solutions Digital Video Library (DVL) AT&T Labs' Digital Video Library (DVL) is a technology for indexing video content (such as TV broadcasts, home videos, etc.), to make searching repurposing of video content so that the information can be sent to a variety of devises, from TVs to PDAs

Fisher, Kathleen


44 Health Libraries Group 2004 Health Information and Libraries Journal, 21, pp.4451 Blackwell Publishing, Ltd.  

E-print Network

to medical and health issues. This information may become the basis for shared patient/provider communication44 © Health Libraries Group 2004 Health Information and Libraries Journal, 21, pp.44­51 Blackwell Publishing, Ltd. A study of medical and health queries to web search engines Amanda Spink*, Yin Yang, Jim

Jansen, James


Search for Binary Black Hole Candidates from the VLBI Images of AGNs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have searched the core-jet pairs in the VLBI scales (<1 kpc), from several VLBI catalogues, and found out 5 possible Binary Black Hole (BBH) candidates. We present here the search results and analyse the candidates preliminarily. We plan to study with multi-band VLBI observation. We also plan to carry out optical line investigation in future.

Liu, Xiang



Bates College Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bates College in Lewiston, Maine has created this site to provide access to some of the holdings in the Edmund S. Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library. Appropriately enough, the library holds the papers of Muskie, who served as the governor of Maine from 1955 to 1959, and then as one of the United States senators from the state from 1959 to 1980. One of the collections here consists of more than 400 interviews with individuals who knew, affected, or were affected by Senator Muskie. Visitors to the site can browse each interview, and in many cases, the interviews include an audio recording, a transcript and a summary sheet. Interested parties can search for particular words in each transcript and browse by interviewer, interviewee, and interviewer number. In addition, the site includes access to some of the 10,000 historic photographs of Bates College. This section of the site documents the life of the institution from 1875 to the present day, and users can search for photographs of classroom activities, clubs, dorm life, and theater.


Land Treatment Digital Library  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A dynamic system to enter, store, retrieve, and analyze Federal land-treatment data. More information and access to data available at: Across the country, public land managers make hundreds of decisions each year that influence landscapes and ecosystems within the lands they manage. Many of these decisions involve vegetation manipulations known as land treatments. Land treatments include activities such as removal or alteration of plant biomass, seeding burned areas, and herbicide applications. Data on these land treatments are usually stored at local offices, and gathering information across large spatial areas can be difficult. There is a need to centralize and store treatment data for Federal agencies involved in land treatments because these data are useful to land managers for policy and management and to scientists for developing sampling designs and studies. The Land Treatment Digital Library (LTDL) was created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to catalog information about land treatments on Federal lands in the western United States for all interested parties. The flexible framework of the library allows for the storage of a wide variety of data in different formats. The LTDL currently stores previously established land treatments or what often are called legacy data. The project was developed and has been refined based on feedback from partner agencies and stakeholders, with opportunity for the library holdings to expand as new information becomes available. The library contains data in text, tabular, spatial, and image formats. Specific examples include project plans and implementation reports, monitoring data, spatial data files from geographic information systems, digitized paper maps, and digital images of land treatments. The data are entered by USGS employees and are accessible through a searchable web site. The LTDL can be used to respond to information requests, conduct analyses and other forms of information syntheses, produce maps, and generate reports for DOI managers and scientists and other authorized users.

Pilliod, David S.



Regulation 28: Library REGULATION 28: LIBRARY  

E-print Network

Regulation 28: Library 180 REGULATION 28: LIBRARY The purpose of this Regulation is to safeguard the common interests of all Library users. All persons are admitted on the understanding that they have read and agreed to observe the Library Regulations. Breach of this Regulation could result in membership being

Sussex, University of



E-print Network

The Library UBC LIBRARY CARD APPLICATION FORM For Faculty Authorized Users UBC FACULTY MEMBER to the following person so that s/he may borrow Library materials and access services in my name for my UBC September 15th , 2014 Faculty member's statement: I understand that this is a separate library card from my

Michelson, David G.


Facilitating medical information search using Google Glass connected to a content-based medical image retrieval system.  


Wearable computing devices are starting to change the way users interact with computers and the Internet. Among them, Google Glass includes a small screen located in front of the right eye, a camera filming in front of the user and a small computing unit. Google Glass has the advantage to provide online services while allowing the user to perform tasks with his/her hands. These augmented glasses uncover many useful applications, also in the medical domain. For example, Google Glass can easily provide video conference between medical doctors to discuss a live case. Using these glasses can also facilitate medical information search by allowing the access of a large amount of annotated medical cases during a consultation in a non-disruptive fashion for medical staff. In this paper, we developed a Google Glass application able to take a photo and send it to a medical image retrieval system along with keywords in order to retrieve similar cases. As a preliminary assessment of the usability of the application, we tested the application under three conditions (images of the skin; printed CT scans and MRI images; and CT and MRI images acquired directly from an LCD screen) to explore whether using Google Glass affects the accuracy of the results returned by the medical image retrieval system. The preliminary results show that despite minor problems due to the relative stability of the Google Glass, images can be sent to and processed by the medical image retrieval system and similar images are returned to the user, potentially helping in the decision making process. PMID:25570993

Widmer, Antoine; Schaer, Roger; Markonis, Dimitrios; Muller, Henning



McMaster University Libraries 905.525.9140 x22533 Sociology 1A06  

E-print Network

Master University Libraries · · 905.525.9140 x22533 · Sociology 1A06 Finding & Citing Scholarly Sociology Journal Articles Nora Gaskin Sociology Liaison Librarian Mills Research Help Articles can be found in... · scholarly, or academic journals, like the Annual Review of Sociology image

Haykin, Simon


A Communication Framework for Digital Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital libraries involve various types of data like text, audio, images and video. The data objects are typically very large and of the order of hundreds and thousands of kilobytes. In a digital library, these data objects are distributed in a wide area network. Retrieving large data objects in a wide area network has a high response time. We have

Bharat Bhargava; Melliyal Annamalai



Hospital librarians and the Medical Library Association.  

PubMed Central

Hospital librarians have been active participants in and contributors to the Medical Library Association since it was founded. This article reviews the history of the Hospital Libraries Section and provides some personal observations on the contributions the association has made to hospital librarians and their growing influence on the association. Images PMID:9578942

Colaianni, L A



Forward with Imagination: Innovative Library Client Services for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers innovation in academic libraries. The first part explores the definition and nature of innovation and the literature relevant to academic libraries in particular. In the second part, the outcomes of a search of library World Wide Web sites and a survey of International Association of Technological University Libraries (IATUL)…

Bundy, Alan


A Review of Curriculum Development for Library Technicians in Junior Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Library Technician Program of community colleges has been endorsed by the American Library Association (ALA). The ALA's definition of a library Technical Assistant is "a person with certain specifically library-related skills--in preliminary bibliographic searching, for example, or utilization of certain mechanical equipment--the performance…

Spyers-Duran, Peter


A Fabry-Perot Imaging Search for Lyman-alpha Emission in Quasar Absorbers at z ~ 2.4  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have carried out a deep narrow-band imaging survey of six fields with\\u000aheavy-element quasar absorption lines, using the Goddard Fabry-Perot (FP)\\u000asystem at the Apache Point Observatory (APO) 3.5-meter telescope. The aim of\\u000athese observations was to search for redshifted Ly-$\\\\alpha$ emission from the\\u000agalaxies underlying the absorbers at $z = 2.3-2.5$ and their companion\\u000agalaxies. The 3 $\\\\sigma$

Varsha P. Kulkarni; Bruce E. Woodgate; Donald G. York; Deepashri G. Thatte; Joseph Meiring; P. Palunas; E. Wassell



Cell Libraries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A NASA contract led to the development of faster and more energy efficient semiconductor materials for digital integrated circuits. Gallium arsenide (GaAs) conducts electrons 4-6 times faster than silicon and uses less power at frequencies above 100-150 megahertz. However, the material is expensive, brittle, fragile and has lacked computer automated engineering tools to solve this problem. Systems & Processes Engineering Corporation (SPEC) developed a series of GaAs cell libraries for cell layout, design rule checking, logic synthesis, placement and routing, simulation and chip assembly. The system is marketed by Compare Design Automation.



New Jersey Environmental Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the Scholarly Communication Center of Rutgers University Libraries, this site offers access to an impressive array of materials related to the New Jersey environment. The scope of the collection is quite broad, including citizen information, technical reports, photographic tours, and even some full-length videos. In addition, many of the items in the digital library are ephemeral or grey literature, typically unavailable through common research tools. Visitors may search the collection by keyword or phrase, title, or author, or browse via one of three pull-down menus: theme, place (county), and document type. As if all this were not enough, the library will also digitize documents on demand, and environmental organizations and individual researchers can submit their materials directly to the collection (select "submit records" for instructions). An excellent resource and a model for other states.


Boston Public Library: Sound Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boston Public Library's Sound Archives offers access to hundreds of sound files taken from recorded lectures, musical performances, and other events held across the library system over the past decades. Visitors to the site can search by collection, creator, or keyword as they see fit. The "Collection" option includes the National Endowment for the Humanities and the BPL Lecture series. There are hundreds of talks here; some are available in their entirety while others only have 30-second clips available. (What isnâ≢t available can be listened to in the actual library.) Some of the key files here include talks by Isaac Asimov ("Science Opens New Horizons for Mankind") and Saul Bellow ("The Writer and His Country Look Each Other Over").


Lippincott Library Corporate Annual Reports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pennsylvania/ Schoenberg Center for Electronic Text & Image provides facsimiles of historical corporate annual reports from the Lippincott Library collection at this searchable site. Over 40 reports by automotive, department store, food, natural resource, railroad, textile, and utility companies are available mainly from the 1930s and 40s.


Virtual library for ancient manuscripts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work is the second part of a European project called BAMBI (Better Access to Manuscripts and Browsing of Images). In the initial BAMBI project, we developed a workstation for historians, and more particularly philologists, which allows them to make transcriptions, annotation, indexing, etc. on manuscripts. In this paper, we present the design of the virtual library based on BAMBI,



DEA Multi-Media Drug Library  


... Press Room » Multi-Media Library IMAGE GALLERY Drug Photos Amphetamines/Stimulants Khat Bath salts LSD Cocaine/Crack ... Heroin OxyContin Hydrocodone Steroids K2/Spice More DEA Photos Heroin Mill - Bronx, NY - January 2014 2013 National ...


Automating Veterans Administration libraries: II. Implementation at the Kansas City Medical Center Library.  


In 1985, the Kansas City Veterans Administration Medical Center began implementation of the Decentralized Hospital Computer Program (DHCP). An integrated library system, a subset of that program, was started by the medical library for acquisitions and an outline catalog. To test the system, staff of the Neurology Service were trained to use the outline catalog and electronic mail to request interlibrary loans and literature searches. In implementing the project with the Neurology Service, the library is paving the way for many types of electronic access and interaction with the library. PMID:3594023

Smith, V K; Ting, S C



Leabharlann UCD UCD Library  

E-print Network

Leabharlann UCD UCD Library Research Data Management UCD Library is organising a mini at lunchtimes in the Library Link, James Joyce Library (Level 1). Data Caring: Why Manage Your Research Data? Presented by Julia Barrett, Research Services Manager, UCD Library Wednesday, 12 February, 2014 13.00 ­ 14


Helpful Websites Ebling Library  

E-print Network

Helpful Websites · Ebling Library o · Ebling Library NIH Public Access Policy Help o · PubMed o · NIH Help with NIH Public Access Policy Compliance? · · Trisha Adamus, Ebling

Bohnhoff, David


University Libraries Annual Report  

E-print Network

University Libraries 2011­2012 Annual Report #12;University Libraries 2 University of digital collections and services, the physical use of our libraries con- tinues to rise. We increased and Robeson Libraries. We extend- ed library hours. Through donor and departmental gifts we added the De

Hanson, Stephen José


Library of Congress Learning Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress (LOC) has organized its digitized American Memory collection in a way designed to fit the needs of students and educators. The new site is called the LOC Learning Page. Resources to help educators incorporate the Library's primary sources into their curriculum are provided on the "Educator's Page," as well as answers to technical questions about the online materials. The electronic collections are arranged alphabetically by keyword, as well as by media type. The "Pathfinder Pages" arrange the collection by types of events, people, places, and topics. The entire site is searchable, and under "Search Suggestion List" a synonym list for key word searching has been provided. While the American Memory collection has been available for some time, the Learning Page is a significant enhancement for K-12 educators and students, and everyone else.



A MEMS-based spectral-polarimetric imaging and target tracking architecture for airborne broad-area search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a compact, multi-sensor design architecture capable of providing both spectral-polarimetric imaging and adaptive matched filter target detection in real-time. The sensor suite supports airborne broad-area search missions using multiple large-format, high speed TDI scanning sensors. The technology approach leverages Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) based spectral imaging systems and scanning TDI arrays originally developed for space based remote sensing. The MEMS spectrometer system can dynamically select and switch linear combinations of single or multiple VNIR/SWIR spectral bands with 5nm sampling resolution using a programmable MEMS mirror. The MEMS spectral filter is capable of providing high quality spectral filtering across a large format sensor with > 1MHz optical switching & update speeds. A dual instrument sensor suite architecture called the "PRISM sensor" has been developed which is based on this technology and provides simultaneous spectral-polarimetric imaging and matched filter target tracking with minimal on-board computing requirements. We describe how this technology can simultaneously perform broad-area imaging and target identification in near real-time with a simple threshold operation. Preliminary results are illustrated as additional layer of target-discriminate geospatial information that may be fused with geo-referenced imagery.

Newman, J. Daniel; Brower, Bernard V.; Lee, Paul P. K.; Cropper, Andre D.; Gibney, Mark C.; Pellechia, Matthew F.



Hartford Medical Society Historical Library Request for Permission to Publish  

E-print Network

Hartford Medical Society Historical Library Request for Permission to Publish The Hartford Medical Society Historical Library supports the nonprofit uses of our images. No use fees are charged be submitted to the Hartford Medical Society Historical Library staff and any applicable fees must be prepaid

Oliver, Douglas L.


Search without Boundaries Using Simple APIs  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Library, where the author serves as the digital services librarian, is increasingly challenged to make it easier for users to find information from many heterogeneous information sources. Information is scattered throughout different software applications (i.e., library catalog, federated search engine, link resolver, and vendor websites), and each specializes in one thing. How could the library integrate the functionalities of one application with another and provide a single point of entry for users to search across? To improve the user experience, the library launched an effort to integrate the federated search engine into the library's intranet website. The result is a simple search box that leverages the federated search engine's built-in application programming interfaces (APIs). In this article, the author describes how this project demonstrated the power of APIs and their potential to be used by other enterprise search portals inside or outside of the library.

Tong, Qi



Templeman Library Journal loan  

E-print Network

Templeman Library Journal loan Only postgraduate students or academic staff can borrow journals ............................................................................ * Initials ............................................................................ * Library card number ............................................................................ Fields marked * are required The item will be issued to your Library account for one week, normally

Banaji,. Murad


How to Use the Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) Digital Libraries  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Marine Realms Information Bank (MRIB) digital libraries provide access to free online scientific resources about oceans, coasts, and coastal watersheds. MRIB allows category, geographic, and keyword searching, alone or in combination. Instructions for searching the three MRIB libraries and for refining the searches are explained in detail.

Lightsom, Frances L.; Allwardt, Alan O.



DiLiA The Digital Library Assistant Kathrin Eichler, Holmer Hemsen, Gnter Neumann, Norbert Reithinger, Sven  

E-print Network

to enter a search term for searching in the digital libraries metadata. In addition, the user can add items the search in digital libraries in sev- eral dimensions. In the project advanced information visualisation meth- ods are developed for user controlled interactive search. The interaction model has been designed

Neumann, Günter


Examining Search Functions of EAD Finding Aids Web Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examined the search functions for all individual EAD Web sites listed on the Library of Congress Web site in 2003. In particular, the type of search engine, search modes, options for searching, search results display, search feedback, and other features of the search systems were studied. The data analysis suggests that there have…

Zhou, Xiaomu



The British Library: Listen to Nature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Library's new Listen to Nature web site features 400 recordings selected from the more than 150,000 animal sounds held by the Library. Listen to Nature can be browsed by location, animal type, or habitat. Maps are provided with red dots plotting the locations of recordings; clicking any dot launches a player and the sound file. Alphabetical lists of animal sounds also accompany maps from the region. Visitors are invited to search the Catalogue, in this case the combined catalogue of the British Library Sound Archive, which includes all types of recorded sound. It is best to use the advanced search, limit searches to Wildlife sounds, and look for the "Electronic access" link. On a recent visit we heard loons, wolves, and a whip-poor-will recorded in Canada, enjoying the ability to hear sounds originally captured in North America sent back to us from the UK via the Internet.


Extraction and labeling high-resolution images from PDF documents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accuracy of content-based image retrieval is affected by image resolution among other factors. Higher resolution images enable extraction of image features that more accurately represent the image content. In order to improve the relevance of search results for our biomedical image search engine, Open-I, we have developed techniques to extract and label high-resolution versions of figures from biomedical articles supplied in the PDF format. Open-I uses the open-access subset of biomedical articles from the PubMed Central repository hosted by the National Library of Medicine. Articles are available in XML and in publisher supplied PDF formats. As these PDF documents contain little or no meta-data to identify the embedded images, the task includes labeling images according to their figure number in the article after they have been successfully extracted. For this purpose we use the labeled small size images provided with the XML web version of the article. This paper describes the image extraction process and two alternative approaches to perform image labeling that measure the similarity between two images based upon the image intensity projection on the coordinate axes and similarity based upon the normalized cross-correlation between the intensities of two images. Using image identification based on image intensity projection, we were able to achieve a precision of 92.84% and a recall of 82.18% in labeling of the extracted images.

Chachra, Suchet K.; Xue, Zhiyun; Antani, Sameer; Demner-Fushman, Dina; Thoma, George R.



How Would Artists Design CBIR? Facilitating Collaboration to Develop Content-Based Image Retrieval on an Art-School Campus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper represents an art-library director’s 18-month effort to promote the development of content-based image retrieval (CBIR)–technology that searches image databases by visual elements or qualities, rather than relying only on verbal description. It traces his evolving focus: from CBIR technology, to philosophical, historical, and cognitive contexts for visual communication, to practical facilitation of collaboration among technology developers, image database

Paul Dobbs



The Use of Social Tags in Text and Image Searching on the Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, tags have become a standard feature on a diverse range of sites on the Web, accompanying blog posts, photos, videos, and online news stories. Tags are descriptive terms attached to Internet resources. Despite the rapid adoption of tagging, how people use tags during the search process is not well understood. There is little…

Kim, Yong-Mi



Search of the correspondence between the control points for registration of projectively deformed images  

Microsoft Academic Search

The algorithm for search of the correspondence between the points from two planar finite point sets is presented. The protective transformation between the point sets is supposed, but points without correspondence in the other set can be presented in both sets. The algorithm is based on the comparison of two projective and permutation invariants of five-tuples of the points. The

Tomas Suk; Jan Flusser



Alabama Public Library Service Library Directory and 1996 Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents library contact information and statistics for Alabama public libraries for fiscal year 1996 (October 1, 1995-September 30, 1996). The library directory is arranged by type of library: public libraries, single-county public library systems, multi-county public library systems, and multitype library systems. Entries…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.


The Corporate Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched in the summer of 1999 by two long-term partners in Lens Investment Management, this site "is intended to serve as a central repository for research, study and critical thinking about the nature of the modern global corporation, with a special focus on corporate governance and the relationship between company management, their boards and their shareowners." Along with current awareness articles from the staff of The Corporate Library (TCL) and outside sources including Harvard Business School Working Knowledge, CBSMarketWatch, and McKinsey and Co., the site also provides in-depth special reports on CEO Contracts and on Corporate Governance and Performance. The full-text of Power and Accountability, the book written by The Corporate Library's founders Robert AG Monks and Nell Minow, is also available free of charge. In addition, users may search the entire TCL catalog, which includes 25 years' worth of articles emphasizing the best practices in a variety of areas including disclosure and governance and corporate standing.

Minow, Nell.; Monks, Robert A.


A library for the twenty-first century: the Galter Health Sciences Library's renovation and expansion project.  

PubMed Central

A renovation and expansion project at the Galter Health Sciences Library of Northwestern University strikes a balance between traditional and future libraries, library ambiance and high technology, old and new. When guided by a vision of future building use, renovation projects can succeed in meeting many institutional goals as a viable alternative to new library buildings. Issues addressed include planning considerations, architectural history, library design, building features, information technology considerations, and ideal library space design when new construction is not possible. Images PMID:9160155

Shedlock, J; Ross, F



Jewish National and University Library Kettubot Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"For over 2000 years Jewish law has required that every husband present his wife, at the time of their marriage, with a marriage contract or ketubbah, guaranteeing the wife's financial rights in case of the husband's death or divorce." These Kettubot are a rich source for studying Jewish history, customs, and art, as many were decorated according to the locality and period and reflected local customs. In addition, each was a legal document with exact dates and place names, allowing historians to identify them precisely in time and place. The Jewish National and University Library (JNUL) has the largest collection of Kettubot in the world, with over 1,200 items. They have now created an online database of these documents, allowing scholars and others worldwide to access images and bibliographic information. Visitors may browse the collection by country or search by keyword. Images of the Kettubot are available in three resolutions, and bibliographic records include title, place, country, year, material, and size. The names of the parties to the contract and witnesses are also listed, but they appear to be in Hebrew, and users will need the appropriate language capability in their browsers.


Can horizontally oriented breast tomosynthesis image volumes or the use of a systematic search strategy improve interpretation? An eye tracking and free response human observer study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our aim was to evaluate if there is a benefit in diagnostic accuracy and efficiency of viewing breast tomosynthesis (BT) image volumes presented horizontally oriented, but also to evaluate the use of a systematic search strategy where the breast is divided, and analyzed consecutively, into two sections. These image presentations were compared to regular vertical image presentation. All methods were investigated using viewing procedures consisting of free scroll volume browsing, and a combination of initial cine loops at three different frame rates (9, 14, 25 fps) terminated upon request followed by free scroll volume browsing if needed. Fifty-five normal BT image volumes in MLO view were collected. In these, simulated lesions (20 masses and 20 clusters of microcalcifications) were randomly inserted, creating four unique image sets for each procedure. Four readers interpreted the cases in a random order. Their task was to locate the lesions, mark and assign a five level confidence scale. The diagnostic accuracy was analyzed using Jackknife Free Receiver Operating Characteristics (JAFROC). Time efficiency and visual search behavior were also investigated using eye tracking. Results indicate there was no statistically significant difference in JAFROC FOM between the different image presentations, although visual search was more time efficient when viewing horizontally oriented image volumes in medium cine loops.

Lång, Kristina; Zackrisson, Sophia; Holmqvist, Kenneth; Nyström, Marcus; Andersson, Ingvar; Förnvik, Daniel; Tingberg, Anders; Timberg, Pontus



Advanced image collection, information extraction, and change detection in support of NN-20 broad area search and analysis  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the work performed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy`s Office of Nonproliferation and National Security, Office of Research and Development (NN-20). The work supports the NN-20 Broad Area Search and Analysis, a program initiated by NN-20 to improve the detection and classification of undeclared weapons facilities. Ongoing PNNL research activities are described in three main components: image collection, information processing, and change analysis. The Multispectral Airborne Imaging System, which was developed to collect georeferenced imagery in the visible through infrared regions of the spectrum, and flown on a light aircraft platform, will supply current land use conditions. The image information extraction software (dynamic clustering and end-member extraction) uses imagery, like the multispectral data collected by the PNNL multispectral system, to efficiently generate landcover information. The advanced change detection uses a priori (benchmark) information, current landcover conditions, and user-supplied rules to rank suspect areas by probable risk of undeclared facilities or proliferation activities. These components, both separately and combined, provide important tools for improving the detection of undeclared facilities.

Petrie, G.M.; Perry, E.M.; Kirkham, R.R.; Slator, D.E. [and others



Cornell University Library: Technical Reports and Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cornell University Library Technical Reports and Papers Web site offers access to a host of publications from various departments and disciplines. Users can choose to search or browse all collections or individual ones, which include Computer Science Technical Reports, Computing and Information Science Technical Reports, Theory Center Technical Reports, History and Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, and Library Papers and Preprints. Searches can be limited by year, author, or title and the resulting products can be downloaded free of charge in PDF format making the site a good resource of helpful and unique information.


Networked Computer Science Technical Reports Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library (NCSTRL, pronounced "ancestral") is to provide access to research papers produced at over 60 computer science departments and laboratories worldwide. Users may browse an institution's collection by author or year of publication, or may search through either a simple or an advanced interface. The site aims to advance the field of CS through resource sharing and by exploring related implementation issues. A word of caution: unless using a singular, unique term, avoid the simple search method since "or" operators are implied. Your best bet for searching multiple terms is the advanced search option.



Networked Computer Science Technical Reports Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library (NCSTRL, pronounced "ancestral") is to provide access to research papers produced at over 60 computer science departments and laboratories worldwide. Users may browse an institution's collection by author or year of publication, or may search through either a simple or an advanced interface. The site aims to advance the field of CS through resource sharing and by exploring related implementation issues. A word of caution: unless using a singular, unique term, avoid the simple search method since "or" operators are implied. Your best bet for searching multiple terms is the advanced search option.



SOCY 122: Library Research Tips The Literature Review Assignment (Fall term) and the Outline and Research Essay (Winter term) require you to draw  

E-print Network

article databases. · Search Engines Summon Search across the librarySOCY 122: Library Research Tips The Literature Review Assignment (Fall term) and the Outline to search vary depending on your research area. Some databases to note are: · Sociology Specific

Abolmaesumi, Purang


SFU Library Ask. Explore. Discover.  

E-print Network

SFU Library Ask. Explore. Discover. SFU Library Annual Report 2007-08 #12;SFU Library Annual Report..................................................................................................... 8 WAC BENNETT LIBRARY................................................................................... 9 SAMUEL AND FRANCES BELZBERG LIBRARY............................................... 10 FRASER


Dean of Libraries Donald Dyal  

E-print Network

Dean of Libraries Donald Dyal Associate Dean of Libraries for Library Technology and Management Services Robert Sweet Director of Library Communications and Marketing Kaley Daniel Assistant Director Julie Toland Organization Chart Texas Tech University Libraries January 6, 2012 Associate Dean

Rock, Chris


An Overview of the Project on the Imaging and Full-Text Retrieval of the Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers at the Oregon State University Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents plan of Oregon State University Libraries to convert all paper documents from the Ava Helen and Linus Pauling archives to digital format. The scope, goals, tasks and objectives set by the project coordinators are outlined, and issues such as protection of equipment, access, copyright and management are discussed. (JKP)

Krishnamurthy, Ramesh S.; Mead, Clifford S.



Robarts Library Cheng Yu Tung East Asian Library Dentistry Library Engineering & Computer Science  

E-print Network

& Records Management Services · Robarts Library · Cheng Yu Tung East Asian Library · Dentistry Library.08.13 __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ __________________________________ NOTES Robarts Library · Cheng Yu Tung East Asian Library · Dentistry Library · Engineering & Computer Science Library · Gerstein Science Information Centre · Mathematics Library · Media Commons · Noranda


Growing Competition for Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Questia subscription-based online academic digital books library. Highlights include weaknesses of the collection; what college students want from a library; importance of marketing; competition for traditional academic libraries that may help improve library services; and the ability of Questia to overcome barriers and…

Gibbons, Susan



Nebraska Library Trustees Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased recognition of the public library in Nebraska came about in 1901 with the establishment of the Nebraska Public Library Commission. In the seventy years of the Commission's history, the number has grown to 260 public libraries. With the establishment of regional library systems on a cooperative, contractual basis in Nebraska, in 1957, all…

Callaway, Evelyn, Ed.


Balfour (Zoology) Library Guide  

E-print Network

Balfour (Zoology) Library Guide for Zoology postgraduate students #12;2 Contents Content Page Committee 16 Libraries Gateway 16 #12;4 Balfour & Newton Libraries, Department of Zoology Web http three years of their study. The Library is located on the first floor of the Department of Zoology


Balfour (Zoology) Library Guide  

E-print Network

Balfour (Zoology) Library Guide for NST Part 1A students doing Zoology-taught courses #12 Libraries Gateway 11 #12;3 Balfour & Newton Libraries, Department of Zoology Web http three years of their study. The Library is located on the first floor of the Department of Zoology


Balfour (Zoology) Library Guide  

E-print Network

Balfour (Zoology) Library Guide for NST Part II Zoology, Neuroscience and Biomedical and Biological Committee 16 #12;3 Libraries Gateway 16 #12;4 Balfour & Newton Libraries, Department of Zoology Web http three years of their study. The Library is located on the first floor of the Department of Zoology


Libraries and the Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three articles address issues that relate to libraries and the environment. Highlights include recycling projects; buying recycled paper products and other ecology-minded purchasing ideas; energy-efficient libraries; indoor pollution problems; a list of environmental information sources; designing library buildings; and activities that libraries

LaRue, James; And Others



Alaska Library Directory, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory of Alaska's Libraries lists: members of the Alaska Library Association (AkLA) Executive Council and Committee Chairs; State Board of Education members; members of the Governor's Advisory Council on Libraries; school, academic and public libraries and their addresses, phone and fax numbers, and contact persons; personal,…

Jennings, Mary, Ed.


The TPTP Problem Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

. This paper provides a description of the TPTP library ofproblems for automated theorem provers. The library is available viaInternet, and is intended to form a common basis for the development ofand experimentation with automated theorem provers. To support thisgoal, this paper provides:-- the motivations for building the library;-- a description of the library structure including overview information;-- a description

Geoff Sutcliffe; Christian B. Suttner; Theodor Yemenis



Realizing the Hybrid Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines five projects currently funded by the United Kingdom's Electronic Libraries Program (eLib): HyLiFe (Hybrid Library of the Future), MALIBU (MAnaging the hybrid Library for the Benefit of Users), HeadLine (Hybrid Electronic Access and Delivery in the Library Networked Environment), ATHENS (authentication scheme), and BUILDER (Birmingham…

Pinfield, Stephen; Eaton, Jonathan; Edwards, Catherine; Russell, Rosemary; Wissenburg, Astrid; Wynne, Peter



California: Library Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes six information technology projects in California libraries, including Internet access in public libraries; digital library developments at the University of California, Berkeley; the World Wide Web home page for the state library; Pacific Bell's role in statewide connectivity; state government initiatives; and services of the state…

Will, Barbara, Ed.



In search of optimal fear inducing stimuli: Differential behavioral responses to computer animated images in zebrafish  

PubMed Central

Zebrafish has been gaining popularity in behavioral genetics and behavioral neuroscience as this species offers an excellent compromise between system complexity and practical simplicity for mechanistic analyses of brain and behavior function. Recently, a number of studies started to investigate methods with which fear responses may be induced reliably in zebrafish. The ultimate goal of these studies has been to develop zebrafish models of pathological processes and to investigate the mechanisms of fear and to eventually translate the findings to the human clinic. Previously, animated image of a sympatric predator of zebrafish was shown to induce fear responses. Here we expand on this recently gained knowledge and investigate whether other moving images may induce more robust fear responses. The images investigated include the original sympatric predator, the Indian leaf fish, another sympatric predator, the needle fish, a bird silhouette moved on the side or above the tank, an expanding dot mimicking rapid approach of an object shown on the side and from above the tank, as well as non-fear inducing images including a single and a group of zebrafish. Our results indicate that although the sympatric predators do induce some fear responses, the other images, particularly the expanding dot but also the bird silhouette shown from above are more effective. The results also reveal a stimulus dependent motor pattern response repertoire of zebrafish demonstrating that perhaps univariate quantification methods may not be appropriate for uncovering the complexity of fear or anxiety related phenotypical changes in this species. PMID:21920389

Luca, Ruxandra M.; Gerlai, Robert



Use of ERTS-1 images in the search for porphyry copper deposits in Pakistani Baluchistan  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Geomorphic features related to a known porphyry copper deposit at Saindak, western Chagai District, Pakistan, are easily distinguished on ERTS-1 images. New geologic information from the images was used in conjunction with known geology to evaluate one previously known prospect area and to suggest two additional ones, but no new prospects were recognized on the basis of the images alone. The study also showed that Saindak-type deposits are not likely to be present in some extensive areas of the Chagai District. The Saindak deposit is in an area of relatively easily eroded folded sedimentary and volcanic rocks. The deposit is characterized by an elongate zone of easily eroded sulfide-rich rock surrounded by this rim and the central sulfide-rich valley are conspicuous features on the images. Swarms of dikes are probably useful for distinguishing real rims from other resistant rock types, but there is no expression of them on the image, although they are easily seen on aerial photographs of the Saindak rim.

Schmidt, R. G.



Library of Congress Finding Aids  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Encoded Archival Description Working Group at the Library of Congress has announced the first release of a search system for archival finding aids at the LOC. These finding aids are extremely useful to researchers because they offer more detailed information on primary source material than standard catalog records, often providing "information about a collection's provenance and the conditions under which it may be accessed or copied; biographical or organizational histories related to the collection; a note describing the scope and content of the collection; and progressively detailed descriptions of the parts or components of the collection together with the corresponding call numbers [or] container numbers." The aids have been encoded in SGML using Encoded Archival Description (EAD), and search returns are available in both HTML and SGML. Users can search by keyword or browse by subject, name, collection title, or collections by date.


Public Libraries and the Internet 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In late September 2000, the US National Commission on Libraries and Information Science published results of its sixth public library Internet study released in the last decade (see the September 6, 1996 Scout Report for information about the 1996 survey). The 2000 Internet Connectivity Study measured the level of connectivity, public access, training support, and technology funding, current and anticipated, for staff and the public. Internet connectivity in public libraries is 95.7 percent, up from 83.6 percent reported in the 1998 study. Suburban libraries, according to the data, showed the largest increase in Internet hook-up, with a 20 percent increase since 1998. "Summary data is also available on the prevalence of acceptable use policies, installation of filtering software in libraries when searching the Internet, and use by the public of Internet-accessible resources including commercially produced databases." The US National Commission on Libraries and Information Science is a permanent, independent agency of the federal government charged by law to assess current library and information resources and services and to advise the President and Congress on library policy.

Bertot, John C.; Mcclure, Charles R.



The Library of Congress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress new World Wide Web server, the first step in the Library's Electronic Digital Library project. The first collections include approximately 4000 prints and photographs from the American Memory project, and Country Studies from the Federal Research Division. All collections are searchable through an advanced text retrieval system. Also available is an Online Exhibits Program of exhibits on display at the Library. The Library's Home Page also provides a connection to LC MARVEL(the Library's gopher-based campus-wide information system ) and LOCIS (the Library's database retrieval system ).



A Search for Radio Transients in Very Large Array Archival Images of the 3C 286 Field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a search for radio transients (RTs) in the field of the bright radio source 3C 286 using archival observations from the Very Large Array (VLA). These observations span 23 years and include 1852 epochs at 1.4 GHz in the C and D configurations. We find no transients in the field. The sensitivity of the observations is limited by dynamic range effects in the images. At large flux densities (>0.2 Jy), single-epoch observations provide a strong limit on the transient surface density. At flux densities near the dynamic range threshold, we use the requirement that transient sources must appear in consecutive epochs to be confirmed as real. This sets the sensitivity at low flux densities to transient durations of ? ~ 1 day, while ?>1 minute for high flux densities. At 70 mJy, we find a 2? limit on the surface density ? < 3 × 10-3 deg-2. At 3 Jy, we find a 2? limit ? < 9 × 10-4 deg-2. A future systematic search of the VLA archives can provide one to two orders of magnitude more sensitivity to RTs.

Bower, Geoffrey C.; Saul, Destry



Millimeter wave radar system on a rotating platform for combined search and track functionality with SAR imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ground based millimeter wave radar sensors offer the potential for a weather-independent automatic ground surveillance at day and night, e.g. for camp protection applications. The basic principle and the experimental verification of a radar system concept is described, which by means of an extreme off-axis positioning of the antenna(s) combines azimuthal mechanical beam steering with the formation of a circular-arc shaped synthetic aperture (SA). In automatic ground surveillance the function of search and detection of moving ground targets is performed by means of the conventional mechanical scan mode. The rotated antenna structure designed as a small array with two or more RX antenna elements with simultaneous receiver chains allows to instantaneous track multiple moving targets (monopulse principle). The simultaneously operated SAR mode yields areal images of the distribution of stationary scatterers. For ground surveillance application this SAR mode is best suited for identifying possible threats by means of change detection. The feasibility of this concept was tested by means of an experimental radar system comprising of a 94 GHz (W band) FM-CW module with 1 GHz bandwidth and two RX antennas with parallel receiver channels, placed off-axis at a rotating platform. SAR mode and search/track mode were tested during an outdoor measurement campaign. The scenery of two persons walking along a road and partially through forest served as test for the capability to track multiple moving targets. For SAR mode verification an image of the area composed of roads, grassland, woodland and several man-made objects was reconstructed from the measured data.

Aulenbacher, Uwe; Rech, Klaus; Sedlmeier, Johannes; Pratisto, Hans; Wellig, Peter



A Comparative Study of Library Surveys of Internet Users at Seton Hall University in 1998 and 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares data collected in library surveys of Internet users at Seton Hall University in 1998 and 2001 to provide information on changes in library users' Internet use behavior, satisfaction levels, and problems in using the Internet. Discusses use of the university library home page; search strategies; and search training. (Author/LRW)

Bao, Xue-Ming



OCLC's First Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

First Search (formerly NetFirst,) provided by OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) is part of the FirstSearch suite of bibliographic tools. It is OCLC's first large scale attempt to create a bibliographic resource for searching Internet resources. Simple searching can be done on title or subject headings, and the search engine also supports complete Boolean AND/OR/NOT, proximity, and field searching. Word lists (inverted indexes of the database) are available in order to aid searching. Records contain bibliographic and access information, along with detailed summaries of the resource. NetFirst plans to incorporate all major Internet resource types in its database. Web pages and listservs are available now. First Search should not be confused with another OCLC service, InterCAT. First Search does not rely on volunteers to create its database as InterCAT does. NetFirst "uses a combination of automated collection and verification techniques and proven abstracting and indexing practices." First Search also does not create MARC (MAchine Readable Cataloging) records at this time. For these reasons, the First Search database is already much larger than InterCAT. NetFirst is freely available until July 31, at which time it will be sold to libraries as part of the FirstSearch suite. For more information on InterCAT see the Scout Toolkit: searching/subcatalogs.html


Interactive Search of Adipocytes in Large Collections of Digital Cellular Images , Anil Tarachandani  

E-print Network

suspension under a microscope, and then quantitate the image using an open-source software tool called Fat has served as a good marker for a change in fat mass. In order for researchers to make discoveries adipocytes suspended in a drop under the microscope. Previous efforts to computerize the process have

Sukthankar, Rahul