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National Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's online collection of public domain still photographs contains still photo images of wildlife, plants, National Wildlife Refuges and other scenics, as well as wildlife management work. Users may search all the images through the National Image Library, or by individual collection.


Refining spectral library searching.  


Spectral library searching has many advantages over sequence database searching, yet it has not been widely adopted. One possible reason for this is that users are unsure exactly how to interpret the similarity scores (e.g., "dot products" are not probability-based scores). Methods to create decoys have been proposed, but, as developers caution, may produce proxies that are not equivalent to reversed sequences. In this issue, Shao et al. (Proteomics 2013, 13, 3273-3283) report advances in spectral library searching where the focus is not on improving the performance of their search engine, SpectraST, but is instead on improving the statistical meaningfulness of its discriminant score and removing the need for decoys. The results in their paper indicate that by "standardizing" the input and library spectra, sensitivity is not lost but is, surprisingly, gained. Their tests also show that false discovery rate (FDR) estimates, derived from their new score, track better with "ground truth" than decoy searching. It is possible that their work strikes a good balance between the theory of library searching and its application. And as such, they hope to have removed a major entrance barrier for some researchers previously unwilling to try library searching. PMID:24123856

Rudnick, Paul A



Image-analysis library  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MATHPAC image-analysis library is collection of general-purpose mathematical and statistical routines and special-purpose data-analysis and pattern-recognition routines for image analysis. MATHPAC library consists of Linear Algebra, Optimization, Statistical-Summary, Densities and Distribution, Regression, and Statistical-Test packages.



Public Health Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the Public Health Image Library (PHIL) is to offer "an organized, universal electronic gateway to the Center for Disease Control's pictures." The site welcomes public health professionals, laboratory scientists, students and the general public to use this material for reference, teaching, presentation, and public health messages. On its homepage, visitors can use the PHIL Quick Search to look for photos, illustrations, or videos. The Featured PHIL Collections contains thematic sections that deal with influenza, natural disasters, environmental health, and bioterrorism. Photographers and those working in health care and education will also want to look over the What's New In PHIL area to get the latest detailed information. Finally, visitors can also use the Contact Us area to have specific queries answered.


Planetary Image Geometry Library  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Planetary Image Geometry (PIG) library is a multi-mission library used for projecting images (EDRs, or Experiment Data Records) and managing their geometry for in-situ missions. A collection of models describes cameras and their articulation, allowing application programs such as mosaickers, terrain generators, and pointing correction tools to be written in a multi-mission manner, without any knowledge of parameters specific to the supported missions. Camera model objects allow transformation of image coordinates to and from view vectors in XYZ space. Pointing models, specific to each mission, describe how to orient the camera models based on telemetry or other information. Surface models describe the surface in general terms. Coordinate system objects manage the various coordinate systems involved in most missions. File objects manage access to metadata (labels, including telemetry information) in the input EDRs and RDRs (Reduced Data Records). Label models manage metadata information in output files. Site objects keep track of different locations where the spacecraft might be at a given time. Radiometry models allow correction of radiometry for an image. Mission objects contain basic mission parameters. Pointing adjustment ("nav") files allow pointing to be corrected. The object-oriented structure (C++) makes it easy to subclass just the pieces of the library that are truly mission-specific. Typically, this involves just the pointing model and coordinate systems, and parts of the file model. Once the library was developed (initially for Mars Polar Lander, MPL), adding new missions ranged from two days to a few months, resulting in significant cost savings as compared to rewriting all the application programs for each mission. Currently supported missions include Mars Pathfinder (MPF), MPL, Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Phoenix, and Mars Science Lab (MSL). Applications based on this library create the majority of operational image RDRs for those missions. A Java wrapper around the library allows parts of it to be used from Java code (via a native JNI interface). Future conversions of all or part of the library to Java are contemplated.

Deen, Robert C.; Pariser, Oleg



Automated medical image library creation for education.  


The authors describe a method to create a medical teaching library that is automatically maintained, contains tens of thousands of radiologic images and is built using existing, internal, hospital dictations, radiologic images, and an off-the-shelf commercial search engine product (Google Inc.). PMID:17238722

Smith, Mark; Feied, Craig; Gillam, Michael; Handler, Jonathan



Image analysis library software development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Image Analysis Library consists of a collection of general purpose mathematical/statistical routines and special purpose data analysis/pattern recognition routines basic to the development of image analysis techniques for support of current and future Earth Resources Programs. Work was done to provide a collection of computer routines and associated documentation which form a part of the Image Analysis Library.

Guseman, L. F., Jr.; Bryant, J.



User centered image management system for digital libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Libraries handle ever more digital images. Ancient documents, books, manuscripts are digitized, image processing tools extract and assign keywords to the obtained images, but a manual annotation is almost always essential. Manual image annotation and keyword based image search is a difficult and hardly formalizable problem. In this paper we present a model and a system which addresses this issue.

Zoltán Iszlai; Elöd Egyed-zsigmond



The North Carolina State University Libraries Search Experience: Usability Testing Tabbed Search Interfaces for Academic Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Creating a learnable, effective, and user-friendly library Web site hinges on providing easy access to search. Designing a search interface for academic libraries can be particularly challenging given the complexity and range of searchable library collections, such as bibliographic databases, electronic journals, and article search silos. Library

Teague-Rector, Susan; Ballard, Angela; Pauley, Susan K.



Library OneSearch: User Guide (v1.6) 2 Overview: Library OneSearch ..........................................................................3  

E-print Network

#12;Library OneSearch: User Guide (v1.6) 2 Contents Overview: Library OneSearch ..........................................................................3 Accessing Library OneSearch ............................................................................. 3 Why use Library One

Evans, Paul


NIAID Biodefense Image Library  


... if you use them, we ask that you credit the source. To obtain permission for WHO images, ... the exact spot where he applied the vaccine. Credit: University of Rochester School of Medicine Smallpox Vaccination ...


Pitts Theology Library: Digital Image Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at Emory University, the Pitts Theology Library has a number of digital archives that are worthy of mention. This particular one brings together over 28,000 images of biblical illustrations. The archive also includes engravings of church buildings and religious leaders. Visitors can search the archive by call number or Bible verse, which is a rather helpful way to look for items of interest. Visitors are also encouraged to use these images for use in church publications, research papers, and other educational settings. Also, visitors can use the "Revised Common Lectionary" area to identify commonly used items, like Gospel lessons and Hebrew Bible lessons. The site is rounded out by a "FAQ" area and a link to the Library's main Special Collection site.


Online Database Searching in Smaller Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online database searching experiences of nine Illinois public libraries--Arlington Heights, Deerfield, Elk Grove Village, Evanston, Glenview, Northbrook, Schaumburg Township, Waukegan, Wilmette--are discussed, noting search costs, user charges, popular databases, library acquisition, interaction with users, and staff training. Three sources are…

Roose, Tina



PHDIL: Philadelphia Historical Digital Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A collaborative project by Thomas Jefferson University and the Pennsylvania Historical Society, the Philadelphia Historical Digital Image Library (PHDIL) consists of almost 3,000 pictures. Thomas Jefferson University, founded in 1824, is the oldest private medical school in the country, and the images in PHDIL come from its Scott Memorial Library, providing visual images related to the study of medicine -- portraits of alumni, faculty, and trustees; scenes from hospitals; views of anatomy labs; nurses at work; and medical society and class portraits. The Pennsylvania Historical Society was also founded in 1824, and the images that it has contributed to PHDIL document Philadelphia history and complement those from Thomas Jefferson University, including views of hospitals from newspapers and commercial photographers, as well as scenes of everyday life in Philadelphia at the turn of the century. An additional highlight is a large number of Benjamin Ridgeway Evans watercolor drawings of Philadelphia buildings and streetscapes dated between 1859 and 1885. Drop down menus at the search interface permit users to view pictures by selecting from a list of the subjects covered in PHDIL (choosing "hospitals" retrieves 861 hits), and also by type (carte de visite, drawing, cityscape, lithograph, etc.), creator or donor name, event, or date.


The British Library Initiatives for Access Seminar: Digital Imaging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the British Library's Initiatives for Access program which uses digital imaging. Highlights include digitization of microfilm, the electronic "Beowulf", electronic photographic viewing system, computer software that uses neural networks and fuzzy matching to provide links to search terms, and international projects. (LRW)

Alexander, Michael



SIP : a smart digital image processing library  

E-print Network

The Smart Image Processing (SIP) library was developed to provide automated real-time digital image processing functions on camera phones with integer microprocessors. Many of the functions are not available on commercial ...

Zhou, Mengyao



Searching and Browsing in ARTstor Before searching for images in ARTstor, you will need to know how to access the Digital Library It is also useful to have  

E-print Network

works just like a Google search ­ simply enter your search terms in the search box. Choose concise terms of hits. To refine your results you may enter a new term in the search box and use the pull-down menu next search allows you to designate specific terms for searching in the Title or Creator fields. You may

Schweik, Charles M.


Impact of Online Search Services on Special Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of a survey of 193 New York State special libraries to determine the effects of the online search services on those libraries. The survey indicated that special libraries are heavy users of online search systems and have been for a number of years. While there were changes in library collections there was little evidence of

Pamela G. Kobelski; Betty Miller



A digital library of radiology images.  


A web-based virtual library of peer-reviewed radiological images was created for use in education and clinical decision support. Images were obtained from open-access content of five online radiology journals and one e-learning web site. Figure captions were indexed by Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) codes, imaging modality, and patient age and sex. This digital library provides a new, valuable online resource. PMID:17238591

Kahn, Charles E



The Library as Search Engine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a Technology Forum that focuses on online archives and their role in academe. The forum brought together Daniel Greenstein, associate vice provost for scholarly information and university librarian at the California Digital Library of the University of California; Adam Smith, group business-product manager for the Google Book…

Chronicle of Higher Education, 2007



Denver Public Library Western History and Genealogy: Digital Image Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Photodigitization Project, an initiative of the Western History/ Genealogy Department of the Denver Public Library, catalogs, archives, and provides public access to an extensive collection of digitized photographs. Recently, the DPL made this database of images available on the Internet. Currently, the database contains more than 50,000 high-resolution images documenting the history of Colorado and the American West. The DPL intends to have over 95,000 images in the database by the year 2000. Users may browse the collection in the Gallery section or search the database via a sophisticated interface. The Search page allows Boolean and wildcard searches and provides options to save, manage, and email search results.


National Portrait Gallery Picture Library Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The (UK) National Portrait Gallery's online portrait database now has a search feature, ideal for all of us who eagerly flip to the back of a book's dust jacket for the author's picture or check a Website's "about" section for images of its creators. The online database contains approximately 10,000 images selected from the million or more portraits of famous Britons in the Gallery's collection. Using simple search, users enter a name and click a radio button indicating whether the person is a portrait artist or sitter. The search returns, however, include links to the work of sitters who are artists as well. For example, searching on John Singer Sargent yields one portrait of the artist and 45 by him. Clicking the radio button for portrait executes a search by title. In advanced search, it is possible to search by profession, such as explorer or food writer, or broader categories of professions, including travel and exploration, education, or literature and writing.


A Digital Library of Native American Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the organizational and technical issues involved in creating a digital library of Native American images.\\u000a Initial par-ticipants include a museum, an archives, and three university libraries. Using Oracle software, the shared images\\u000a now constitute a database searchable by subject, date, photographer\\/artist, tribe, geographic location, and format of the\\u000a material. Dynamic links are provided to the textual collections

Elaine Peterson



Google Image Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Google has an image search engine, which claims to be the most comprehensive on the Web, indexing over 150 million images. Keyword searches produce return pages with 20 thumbnails, each of which includes image size information and the URL of the source page. Clicking on a thumbnail produces a framed page with a larger image of the thumbnail above the full page on which the image was found. Users can turn off the frame using a button on the top right. All of the advanced search commands are available with image search, and users can also limit their search to a specific file format. There is an adult content filter option (default is on), but Google warns users that some adult content may potentially slip through.


Columbia Object Image Library (COIL20)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Columbia Object Image Library (COIL-20) is a database of gray-scale images of 20objects. The objects were placed on a motorized turntable against a black background.The turntable was rotated through 360 degrees to vary object pose with respect to a fixedcamera. Images of the objects were taken at pose intervals of 5 degrees. This correspondsto 72 images per object. The database

Sameer A. Nene; Shree K. Nayar; Hiroshi Murase



COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES "Columbia's Libraries are second to none. The online search  

E-print Network

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES "Columbia's Libraries are second to none. The online search the return on investment from an outstanding library system." --Steven Schinke, Professor Columbia University School of Social Work faculty guide to the columbia university libraries @YOUR SERVICE #12;Librarian

Salzman, Daniel


Predicting the Relevance of a Library Catalog Search.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes an operational definition of relevance for a Web-based library catalog. Proposes measures that characterize user behavior while searching a Web-based library catalog. Develops a methodology to predict when a user's search will be perceived to be relevant by the user. Tests the methodology with over 900,000 user search sessions with the…

Cooper, Michael D.; Chen, Hui-Min



ASCB Image and Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of high-quality, peer-reviewed still images and videos from the American Society for Cell Biology (ASCB) provides comprehensive coverage of the field of cell biology. The items are organized by topic: cell contact and extracellular matrix; cell division, growth, and death; cell regulation; cytoskeleton and cell dynamics; and others. There is also a collection of images and videos selected especially for teaching purposes. The images are searchable by keyword and collection. Each image or video is accompanied by metadata, including title, author, a description, image production materials and methods, references, and others. Cell biologists are also invited to submit images for publication on the site. The images and videos are available for downloading; videos may also be streamed from the site.


Optimizing signal and image processing applications using Intel libraries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents optimized signal and image processing libraries from Intel Corporation. Intel Performance Primitives (IPP) is a low-level signal and image processing library developed by Intel Corporation to optimize code on Intel processors. Open Computer Vision library (OpenCV) is a high-level library dedicated to computer vision tasks. This article describes the use of both libraries to build flexible and efficient signal and image processing applications.

Landré, Jérôme; Truchetet, Frédéric



US Fish & Wildlife Service National Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital image collection from the US Fish & Wildlife Service contains an enormous number of photographs that can be viewed online or downloaded. The collection contains images of plants, wildlife, landscapes, and habitats. The search function allows for either general or specific searches, but the site is lacking a browse function that would allow users an overview of the scope of categories contained in the collection.


Federated Search and the Library Web Site: A Study of Association of Research Libraries Member Web Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate how federated search engines are incorporated into the Web sites of libraries in the Association of Research Libraries. In 2009, information was gathered for each library in the Association of Research Libraries with a federated search engine. This included the name of the federated search service and…

Williams, Sarah C.



Digital image library development in academic environment  

E-print Network

1 Digital image library development in academic environment: designing and testing usability of Computer Science at the American University of Paris, France. She can be reached at: Ann Murphy Borel is the Academic Resources Centre Director and Librarian at the American University of Paris

Corran, Ruth


Image Collections: Providence Public Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Providence Public Library has worked tirelessly to digitize a range of works over the past few years. On this section of its site, visitors can look through collections that include Aerial Views, America's Cup in Rhode Island, Civil War Ballads, and over 16 additional collections. The Providence Buildings gallery is a real gem, as it includes over three hundred historical photographs of well-known structures, including the Providence Biltmore. For lovers of maritime lore, the Scrimshaw Collection showcases hundreds of photographs from the Nicholson Collection, a trove of whaling history. Users also shouldn't miss Rhode Island Mill Villages, a collection offering up dramatic views of towns like Hamlet Mills and Georgiaville Mill.


A Library Hierarchy for Implementing Scalable Parallel Search Algorithms  

E-print Network

A Library Hierarchy for Implementing Scalable Parallel Search Algorithms T. K. Ralphs , L. Lad libraries forming a hierarchy built on top of ALPS. The first is the Branch, Constrain, and Price Software for performing large-scale parallel search in distributed-memory computing environments. To support the devel

Ralphs, Ted


A Corporate Library's "Single Search Box" Solution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alcatel-Lucent has had an internal library website called InfoView since 1993. They always had pages for the various diverse resources they maintained for Alcatel-Lucent employees, such as books, serials, artifacts, market reports, and discounts. Each page had two search boxes: one for a "site" search on all pages and one searching the…

Waldstein, Robert



Butler University Irwin Library Images Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is mid-century modernism? Some might only be acquainted with it via the popular TV show, Mad Men, or others through well-known structures such as the World Trade Towers. Modernism sprang up all over the world from the 1950s to the 1970s, and one rather fine example can be found on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis. This most wonderful digital collection presents images and plans for the modernist Irwin Library, crafted by noted architect, Minoru Yamasaki. On the site, visitors can make their way through dozens of images that tell the story of this rather unique building, along with offering up images of Yamasaki at the dedication as well as students using the building for various activities, even studying.


Images1: Online Images from The National Library of Australia's Pictorial Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this site users can search and browse through 20,000 digital images selected from the roughly half million pictures in the Pictorial Collection of the National Library of Australia. Images1 includes portraits, photographs, paintings and prints related to the history of Australia. Three search methods are provided: Quick Search, a keyword search; Simple Search, to indicate where the search word should occur, such as Title, Subject, or Format; and Advanced Search for combining terms from several indexes. Those unfamiliar with Australian history can check the About page for information on the contents of Images1. Another very good way to approach the collection is to select the Browse Series Titles option, which produces a list of titles of the major groupings within the collection, and how many items each contains. For example, the Rex Nan Kivell collection is 3,000 pictures collected by Nan Kivell, a London art dealer, that document the early history and exploration of New Zealand and Australia.


Search Procedures for Senior Library Administrators. SPEC Kit 143.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member institutions were surveyed by the Systems and Procedures Exchange Center (SPEC) in the fall of 1987 to obtain information on their recruitment and hiring practices for top level library administrative positions, and to determine in what ways search procedures may have changed over the past 10 years in…

Ulmschneider, John


Searching images in daily life  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the proliferation of images in daily life, it is crucial to investigate what, where, why and how people search images in response to their everyday needs. In order to examine the daily needs of image searchers, a survey questionnaire was administered to 58 college students. The results demonstrated that the majority of college students use Google or Google Image

JungWon Yoon



Designing Search: Effective Search Interfaces for Academic Library Web Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic libraries customize, support, and provide access to myriad information systems, each with complex graphical user interfaces. The number of possible information entry points on an academic library Web site is both daunting to the end-user and consistently challenging to library Web site designers. Faced with the challenges inherent in…

Teague-Rector, Susan; Ghaphery, Jimmy



Beyond Text Queries and Ranked Lists: Faceted Search in Library Catalogs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the adoption of faceted search in a small number of academic libraries in 2006, faceted library catalogs have gained popularity in many academic and public libraries. This dissertation seeks to understand whether faceted search improves the interactions between searchers and library catalogs and to understand ways that facets are used in…

Niu, Xi



Manually Classifying User Search Queries on an Academic Library Web Site  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Michigan Library wanted to learn more about the kinds of searches its users were conducting through the "one search" search box on the Library Web site. Library staff conducted two investigations. A preliminary investigation in 2011 involved the manual review of the 100 most frequently occurring queries conducted…

Chapman, Suzanne; Desai, Shevon; Hagedorn, Kat; Varnum, Ken; Mishra, Sonali; Piacentine, Julie



Building and searching tandem mass spectral libraries for peptide identification.  


Spectral library searching is an emerging approach in peptide identifications from tandem mass spectra, a critical step in proteomic data analysis. Conceptually, the premise of this approach is that the tandem MS fragmentation pattern of a peptide under some fixed conditions is a reproducible fingerprint of that peptide, such that unknown spectra acquired under the same conditions can be identified by spectral matching. In actual practice, a spectral library is first meticulously compiled from a large collection of previously observed and identified tandem MS spectra, usually obtained from shotgun proteomics experiments of complex mixtures. Then, a query spectrum is then identified by spectral matching using recently developed spectral search engines. This review discusses the basic principles of the two pillars of this approach: spectral library construction, and spectral library searching. An overview of the software tools available for these two tasks, as well as a high-level description of the underlying algorithms, will be given. Finally, several new methods that utilize spectral libraries for peptide identification in ways other than straightforward spectral matching will also be described. PMID:21900153

Lam, Henry



World Wide Web Image Search Engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose the development of a world wide web image search engine that crawls the web collecting information about the images it finds, computes the appropriate image decompositions and indices, and stores this extracted infor- mation for searches based on image content. Indexing and searching images need not require solving the image under- standing problem. Instead, the general approach should

Stan Sclaroff



Music-Notation Searching and Digital Libraries Donald Byrd  

E-print Network

Music-Notation Searching and Digital Libraries Donald Byrd CIIR, Department of Computer Science University of Massachusetts ABSTRACT Almost all work on music information retrieval to date has concentrated on music in the audio and event (normally MIDI) domains. However, music

Indiana University


Searching for a New Way to Reach Patrons: A Search Engine Optimization Pilot Project at Binghamton University Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Search engine use is one of the most popular online activities. According to a recent OCLC report, nearly all students start their electronic research using a search engine instead of the library Web site. Instead of viewing search engines as competition, however, librarians at Binghamton University Libraries decided to employ search engine…

Rushton, Erin E.; Kelehan, Martha Daisy; Strong, Marcy A.



University of Washington Libraries: Moving Image Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Once again, the University of Washington Digital Collections group has gone above and beyond the call of digital collection duty and service with this small, yet very satisfying, collection. This particular collection brings together 23 compelling short films that include home movies from the Seattle World's Fair in 1962, aerial views of the University campus in the post-World War II period, and footage of a group of Japanese Americans picnicking on Mt. Rainier in 1935. Visitors can browse through the entire collection by name, look around by subject heading, or perform a more sophisticated and nuanced search across the entire collection. That's not all, as the site also includes a handy film preservation manual titled "Low-Cost and No-Cost Suggestions To Care For Your Film". On a related note, visitors shouldn't leave the site without viewing a film of a motorcycle race from 1915 and the delightful images of farmers packing the world's largest box of apples in Yakima.


Close the Textbook & Open "The Cell: An Image Library"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students leave the biology classroom with misconceptions centered on cellular structure. This article presents an activity in which students utilize images from an online database called "The Cell: An Image Library" (http://www.cellimagelibrary. org/) to gain a greater understanding of the diversity of cellular structure and the…

Saunders, Cheston; Taylor, Amy



Liverpool's Discovery: A University Library Applies a New Search Tool to Improve the User Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the University of Liverpool's arts and humanities library, which applies a new search tool to improve the user experience. In nearly every way imaginable, the Sydney Jones Library and the Harold Cohen Library--the university's two libraries that serve science, engineering, and medical students--support the lives of their…

Kenney, Brian



PubMed search tips March 2013, Medical Library Nijmegen MeSH Search Medical Subject Headings  

E-print Network

PubMed search tips March 2013, Medical Library Nijmegen Search MeSH Search Medical Subject HeadingsSH is the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus. It consists of sets of terms naming with a MeSH term in PubMed you have 2 options: 1. Type the MeSH term in the PubMed search box adding [Me

van Suijlekom, Walter


The Archaeological Remote Sensing Geophysics Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies (formerly Boston University Department of Archaeology), this site offers thumbnail images derived from archaeological projects led by Professor Kenneth L. Kvamme. "These projects have utilized ground penetrating radar, proton magnetometry, fluxgate gradiometry, resistivity, and conductivity methods." Some of the sites include prehistoric villages, prehistoric hunting camps, battlefields from the Revolutionary War, Roman sites, and historic stage stations. All images are annotated and the site also offers information on the instruments used in geophysical surveys. Professor Kvamme's homepage also offers images and summaries from several of his recent remote sensing projects.

Kvamme, Kenneth L.


SPMD Image Processing on Beowulf Clusters: Directives and Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Most image processing algorithms can be parallelized by splitting parallel loops and by using very few commu- nication patterns. Code parallelization using MPI still in- volves much programming,overheads. In order to reduce these overheads, we first developed a small SPMD library (SPMDlib) on top of MPI. The programmer,can use the li- brary routines themselves, because they are easy to

Paulo F. Oliveira; J. M. Hans Du Buf



Data Manipulation in an XML-Based Digital Image Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To help to clarify the role of XML tools and standards in supporting transition and migration towards a fully XML-based environment for managing access to information. Design/methodology/approach: The Ching Digital Image Library, built on a three-tier architecture, is used as a source of examples to illustrate a number of methods of data…

Chang, Naicheng



Free Library of Philadelphia: Historical Images of Philadelphia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Free Library of Philadelphia has gone above and beyond the call of duty with this collection which covers everything from Germantown to the Navy Yard. This cornucopia contains thousands of images from the Philadelphiana Collection at the Free Library, and most of them are from the second half of the 19th century. On the homepage, visitors will note that they can look around by Neighborhoods, Photographers, and Media. First-time visitors should look around neighborhoods such as Society Hill, Farmount, and Chinatown. The Chinatown area contains some rare images of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and local businesses that include the James Spear Stove and Heating Company. Moving on, the Collections area here offers up images that found their way into the 1976 book "Old Philadelphia in Early Photographs." There are over 175 photos here that offer views of Queen Street and the fabulous Wanamaker's store at 13th and Market.



Financing Online Search Services in Publicly Supported Libraries. The Report of an ALA Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 1981 the American Library Association (ALA) conducted a survey to determine how online search services are financed in publicly-supported libraries and in libraries in nonprofit organizations. The survey questionnaire was prepared by the ALA Office for Research (OFR), and three vendors of online services--BRS, Lockheed, and SDC--mailed the…

Lynch, Mary Jo


Library Research and Computer Search Module, Revised Edition. National College of Education: Field Experience Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-instructional library module is the textbook used in a 4-hour library instruction course for field-based students of the National College of Education. The field program involves instruction sessions in local libraries, instructor-assisted online reference searching, and document delivery to field-based students working on a…

National Coll. of Education, Evanston, IL.


IPLIB (Image processing library) user's manual  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

IPLIB is a collection of HP FORTRAN 77 subroutines and functions that facilitate the use of a COMTAL image processing system driven by an HP-1000 computer. It is intended for programmers who want to use the HP 1000 to drive the COMTAL Vision One/20 system. It is assumed that the programmer knows HP 1000 FORTRAN 77 or at least one FORTRAN dialect. It is also assumed that the programmer has some familiarity with the COMTAL Vision One/20 system.

Faulcon, N. D.; Monteith, J. H.; Miller, K.



The Library, Information, and Institutional Outcomes: Searching in a Time of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the University of Rhode Island conducted its search for a newly configured position of Vice Provost for Information and Dean of University Libraries. Discusses the search committee members, the two professional "cultures" representing libraries and academic computing, degree requirements, job responsibilities and qualifications,…

Brittingham, Barbara



Eclipse: ESO C Library for an Image Processing Software Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Written in ANSI C, eclipse is a library offering numerous services related to astronomical image processing: FITS data access, various image and cube loading methods, binary image handling and filtering (including convolution and morphological filters), 2-D cross-correlation, connected components, cube and image arithmetic, dead pixel detection and correction, object detection, data extraction, flat-fielding with robust fit, image generation, statistics, photometry, image-space resampling, image combination, and cube stacking. It also contains support for mathematical tools like random number generation, FFT, curve fitting, matrices, fast median computation, and point-pattern matching. The main feature of this library is its ability to handle large amounts of input data (up to 2GB in the current version) regardless of the amount of memory and swap available on the local machine. Another feature is the very high speed allowed by optimized C, making it an ideal base tool for programming efficient number-crunching applications, e.g., on parallel (Beowulf) systems.

Devillard, Nicolas



Federated Search of Text-Based Digital Libraries in Hierarchical Peer-to-Peer Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-to-peer architectures are a potentially powerful model for de- veloping large-scale networks of text-based digital libraries, but peer-to-peer networks have so far provided very limited support for text-based federated search of digital libraries using relevance-based ranking. This paper addresses the problems of resource representation, resource ranking and selection, and re- sult merging for federated search of text-based digital libraries in

Jie Lu; Jamie Callan



The Impact of On-line Searching on Document Supply Services at Individual Libraries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As use of on-line searching services has progressed in libraries, requests on primary materials have increased much more than before. For the purpose of clarifying this trend and countermeasures against it a survey by questionnaire was conducted in 1985. The respondants from totally 112 libraries are as follows ; 60 industrial libraries, 41 academic libraries and 11 libraries of research institutes and laboratories. It was shown that industrial libraries have received more requests on primary materials mostly resulting from on-line searching while the requests have not increased remarkably in academic libraries. Regardless the type of libraries, almost all libraries can not fully meet the requests with their own collection so that industrial libraries have to rely on external information services and academic libraries utilize interlibrary loan system. Requests are sent via on-line from industrial libraries, and by mail from academic libraries. In fact, any-libraries are not likely to review their material-collecting policy. Therefore it is urgent to establish the system which enables use of external information services or interlibrary loan system more than ever.

Hosono, Kimio; Tanaka, Isao; Fukazawa, Yoshiko


World Bank Photo Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New from the World Bank, this photography library offers over 500 online images of development from around the world. The pictures, works of art in their own right, cover an extensive range of subjects including people, nature, and urban environments. Registration is required. Users may, however, browse the library by entering "guest" in the user name field and "browse" as the password. The library offers both a simple keyword search, as well as an advanced search which allows users to search for images in specific fields including country, topic, photographer, and description. The photographs, marked with a World Bank stamp, are displayed in large thumbnails and include accompanying information.


A Survey of Document Image Retrieval in Digital Libraries Simone Marinai  

E-print Network

A Survey of Document Image Retrieval in Digital Libraries Simone Marinai Dipartimento di Sistemi e Libraries. We present the different techniques in a single framework in which the emphasis is put. Keywords : Digital Library, Document Image Retrieval, Handwriting, Layout Analysis, OCR. 1 Introduction

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Substance identification based on transmission THz spectra using library search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over recent years terahertz spectroscopy has become a new tool for the characterization of solid materials, in particular for investigating polymorphism and crystallinity in pharmaceutics. Search strategies have been tested for THz spectra of various organic compounds with their spectra taken from the Riken database (, using the GRAMS spectroscopy software. A subset of the entire database was used, which had been processed by removal of atmospheric water vapour lines and smoothing applied based on Savitzky-Golay convolution or time domain filtering. The spectral range available for all library substances was restricted to an interval from 0.9 to 4.5 THz (30-150 cm-1). The number of vibrational bands within this spectral range is much reduced compared with mid-infrared or Raman spectra. The appropriateness of spectral pre-treatment is demonstrated with regard to reliability and robustness of the search methods. In particular, time-domain filters for smoothing and pre-treatment by the removal of water lines and etalon effects have been successfully tested in combination with least squares and correlation methods. With these insights, applications for substance identification, especially for the pharmaceutical industry, may be enlarged.

Platte, Frank; Heise, H. Michael



Image 100 procedures manual development: Applications system library definition and Image 100 software definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An outline for an Image 100 procedures manual for Earth Resources Program image analysis was developed which sets forth guidelines that provide a basis for the preparation and updating of an Image 100 Procedures Manual. The scope of the outline was limited to definition of general features of a procedures manual together with special features of an interactive system. Computer programs were identified which should be implemented as part of an applications oriented library for the system.

Guseman, L. F., Jr.; Decell, H. P., Jr.



Virage Image Search Engine: An Open Framework for Image Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently, the management of large image databases has relied exclusively on manually entered alphanumeric annotations. Systems are beginning to emerge in both the research and commercial sectors based on 'content-based' image retrieval, a technique which explicitly manages image assets by directly representing their visual attributes. The Virage image search engine provides an open framework for building such systems. The

Jeffrey R. Bach; Charles Fuller; Amarnath Gupta; Arun Hampapur; Bradley Horowitz; Rich Humphrey; Ramesh Jain; Chiao-Fe Shu



Database search services as a basic service in academic health sciences libraries.  


Mediated search services, usually offered for a fee, are commonplace in academic health sciences libraries. At the same time, users of these services have numerous self-service options available to them; for example, CD-ROMs and locally mounted databases. In keeping with its philosophy of access to rather than ownership of information, the University of Washington Health Sciences Library and Information Center (HSLIC) changed its policy from charging clients for mediated searching to offering mediated searches as an essential service of the library. By taking this step, HSLIC moved closer to becoming a true "library without walls." This paper describes HSLIC's experience with changing its policy and examines the issues surrounding use of the collection budget to subsidize access to online information in academic health sciences libraries. PMID:7841905

Jankowski, T A; Martin, E R



Is “Good Enough” OK? Undergraduate Search Behavior in Google and in a Library Database  

E-print Network

Based on our experience as reference librarians and a review of the literature, it is clear that students are choosing to use Google over library databases when beginning their search for information. Reasons such as ease of access and navigation...

Emde, Judith; Currie, Lea; Devlin, Frances A.; Graves, Kathryn



John W. Scott Health Sciences Library 1 Search Tips for EBSCO CINAHL Plus Full-text  

E-print Network

John W. Scott Health Sciences Library 1 2008 Search Tips for EBSCO CINAHL Plus Full-text Demo are not sure whether a subject should be phrased in the singular or plural, use the truncation symbol (in EBSCO

MacMillan, Andrew


The Library and American Education : The Search for Theory in Academic Librarianship  

Microsoft Academic Search

THESEARCH FOR A theoretical structure to explain the phenomena of librarianship has its origin in Pierce Butler's An Introduction to Library Science, first published in 1933. He emphasized that such a search must be based on recognition of the library as a social institution and of its primary activities (the accumulation and transmission of recorded knowl- edge) as social processes:



Bringing together children and books: An initial descriptive study of children's book searching and selection behavior in a digital library  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes how elementary school students search for and select books using a digital library. This work was done as part of the International Children's Digital Library (ICDL) project in order to explore and discover new directions for the development of digital library interfaces for children ages 3-13. Children used two versions of the ICDL software to search for,

Kara Reuter; Allison Druin



TinEye Reverse Image Search  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

TinEye is essentially a reverse image search engine that allows users to submit images in order to find out where it came from, how it is being used, if modified versions of the image exist, or to find higher resolution versions. The site includes a FAQ area and a demonstration video. Visitors will need to sign and create a password, and afterwards they will be able to use the search engine. This version is compatible with computers running all operating systems.



Pepitome: evaluating improved spectral library search for identification complementarity and quality assessment.  


Spectral libraries have emerged as a viable alternative to protein sequence databases for peptide identification. These libraries contain previously detected peptide sequences and their corresponding tandem mass spectra (MS/MS). Search engines can then identify peptides by comparing experimental MS/MS scans to those in the library. Many of these algorithms employ the dot product score for measuring the quality of a spectrum-spectrum match (SSM). This scoring system does not offer a clear statistical interpretation and ignores fragment ion m/z discrepancies in the scoring. We developed a new spectral library search engine, Pepitome, which employs statistical systems for scoring SSMs. Pepitome outperformed the leading library search tool, SpectraST, when analyzing data sets acquired on three different mass spectrometry platforms. We characterized the reliability of spectral library searches by confirming shotgun proteomics identifications through RNA-Seq data. Applying spectral library and database searches on the same sample revealed their complementary nature. Pepitome identifications enabled the automation of quality analysis and quality control (QA/QC) for shotgun proteomics data acquisition pipelines. PMID:22217208

Dasari, Surendra; Chambers, Matthew C; Martinez, Misti A; Carpenter, Kristin L; Ham, Amy-Joan L; Vega-Montoto, Lorenzo J; Tabb, David L



Google vs. the Library (Part II): Student Search Patterns and Behaviors When Using Google and a Federated Search Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the information-seeking behavior of undergraduate students within a research context. Student searches were recorded while the participants used Google and a library (federated) search tool to find sources (one book, two articles, and one other source of their choosing) for a selected topic. The undergraduates in this study…

Georgas, Helen



Searching for digital images on the web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to examine the way in which end user searching on the web has become the primary method of locating digital images for many people. This paper seeks to investigate how users structure these image queries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach - This study investigates the structure and formation of image queries on the web by mapping

Bernard J. Jansen



Bodleian Library/Toyota City Imaging Project: A Collection of Motoring and Transport Images from the John Johnson Collection of Printed Ephemera  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bodleian Library of Oxford University has released its first digital imaging project on the web. The John Johnson Collection of Printed Ephemera, one of the largest and most important collections of printed ephemera anywhere in the world, was the source of the thousands of motoring and transportation images now accessible at this site. This image database can be searched by keyword or by browsing through images categorized by type of transport (motor cars, carriages and coaches, bicycles, ships, and railways, among others). Images range from single page advertising leaflets for 19th century bicycles to complete early 20th century motoring manuals. There are three screen display formats: text only, thumbnail images with brief descriptions, and full-screen images.



Factors Affecting the Adoption of On-Line Search Services by the Public Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Costs and cost-related factors connected with providing on-line search services through the public library are examined. The examination was based on preliminary results from an on-going evaluation of an experimental program (DIALIB). In the DIALIB experiment Lockheed's DIALOG search service was available to the public through four public…

Ahlgren, Alice E.


Plug Your Users into Library Resources with OpenSearch Plug-Ins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To bring the library catalog and other online resources right into users' workspace quickly and easily without needing much more than a short XML file, the author, a reference and Web services librarian at Williams College, learned to build and use OpenSearch plug-ins. OpenSearch is a set of simple technologies and standards that allows the…

Baker, Nicholas C.



An Integrated Library Management System for Book Search and Placement Tasks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes and implements an integrated library management system for book search and placement tasks. Book searching task is carried out with the help of a mobile phone. The user can check the availability of a particular book by title or author name using his mobile phone. The information received by the user contains book code number and location

Umar Farooq; Mahmood ul Hasan; Muhammad Usman Asad; Asim Iqbal; Muhammad Amar



User Evaluation of a Corporate Library Online Search Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes the findings of a survey taken to measure user satisfaction with General Electric's online search services, including search retrieval relevance and search benefits. Nine references are cited and a sample questionnaire is provided. (FM)

Warden, Carolyn L.



High Res at High Speed: Automated Delivery of High-Resolution Images from Digital Library Collections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As primary source materials in the library are digitized and made available online, the focus of related library services is shifting to include new and innovative methods of digital delivery via social media, digital storytelling, and community-based and consortial image repositories. Most images on the Web are not of sufficient quality for most…

Westbrook, R. Niccole; Watkins, Sean



The RightPages Service: An Image-Based Electronic Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes The RightPages Service developed by AT&T Bell Laboratories library and computer researchers to enable AT&T employees to access the library from their workstations. The service incorporates ASCII text, bitmap images, and an alerting service. Copyright issues, user interface, image and text processing procedures, results, and future plans…

Hoffman, Melia M.; And Others



JW Scott Health Sciences Library Saving and Re-running Searches on EBSCOhost  

E-print Network

JW Scott Health Sciences Library July 2008 1 Saving and Re-running Searches on EBSCOhost FIRST set up an EBSCO profile · click on Sign In to MyEBSCOHost (top of screen) · click on the I'm a new user, save the search as an Alert. 4. Re-running a Saved Search First sign in to My EBSCOHost, then click

MacMillan, Andrew


Solar System object image search: A precovery search engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While regular archive searches can find images at a fixed location, they cannot find images of moving targets such as asteroids or comets. The Solar System Object Image Search (SSOIS) at the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre allows users to search for images of moving objects, allowing precoveries. SSOIS accepts as input either a list of observations, an object designation, a set of orbital elements, or a user-generated ephemeris for an object. It then searches for observations of that object over a range of dates. The user is then presented with a list of images containing that object from a variety of archives. Initially created to search the CFHT MegaCam archive, SSOIS has been extended to other telescopes including Gemini, Subaru/SuprimeCam, HST, the SDSS, AAT, the ESO telescopes, and the NOAO telescopes (KPNO/CTIO/WIYN), for a total of 7.6 million images. The SSOIS tool is located on the web at

Gwyn, S.; Hill, N.; Kavelaars, J.



Pattern recognition-assisted infrared library searching of automotive clear coats.  


Pattern recognition techniques have been developed to search the infrared (IR) spectral libraries of the paint data query (PDQ) database to differentiate between similar but nonidentical IR clear coat paint spectra. The library search system consists of two separate but interrelated components: search prefilters to reduce the size of the IR library to a specific assembly plant or plants corresponding to the unknown paint sample and a cross-correlation searching algorithm to identify IR spectra most similar to the unknown in the subset of spectra identified by the prefilters. To develop search prefilters with the necessary degree of accuracy, IR spectra from the PDQ database were preprocessed using wavelets to enhance subtle but significant features in the data. Wavelet coefficients characteristic of the assembly plant of the vehicle were identified using a genetic algorithm for pattern recognition and feature selection. A search algorithm was then used to cross-correlate the unknown with each IR spectrum in the subset of library spectra identified by the search prefilters. Each cross-correlated IR spectrum was simultaneously compared to an autocorrelated IR spectrum of the unknown using several spectral windows that span different regions of the cross-correlated and autocorrelated data from the midpoint. The top five hits identified in each search window are compiled, and a histogram is computed that summarizes the frequency of occurrence for each selected library sample. The five library samples with the highest frequency of occurrence are selected as potential hits. Even in challenging trials where the clear coat paint samples evaluated were all the same make (e.g., General Motors) within a limited production year range, the model of the automobile from which the unknown paint sample was obtained could be identified from its IR spectrum. PMID:25506887

Fasasi, Ayuba; Mirjankar, Nikhil; Stoian, Razvan-Ionut; White, Collin; Allen, Matthew; Sandercock, Mark P; Lavine, Barry K



Multimedia Library

Home News and Events Multimedia Library Multimedia Library Learn more about TCGA, its researchers, components and how it works from our multimedia library. Images Image: TCGA Pipeline for Comprehensive Characterization 72 DPI | 300 DPIThe path of TCGA


Online Search Services in the Public Library: Project Dialib.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lockheed has undertaken Project DIALIB to determine whether online retrieval services could be useful to the general public, and if the public library could serve as the linking agent for these services. As part of the study, DIALOG, Lockheed's online reference retrieval system, has been made available to the public through four public libraries

Ahlgren, Alice E.


Library Renovation Leads to Soul Searching at Cal Poly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a library renovation at California State Polytechnic University at Pomona which incurs complaints from professors and librarians about a shift from print to online materials. The $60-million project at Cal Poly is providing a difficult lesson in the challenges of library renovation, and in the changing role of one of the…

Carlson, Scott



Yale University Library: Manuscripts & Archives Digital Images Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bringing together primary and secondary materials from their extensive archives and manuscript collections, the Yale University Digital Images Database provides interested parties access to a wealth of various ephemera. While the site doesn't contain any specific finding aids, savvy users will be able to use the search functions to locate materials quickly. Additionally, visitors can browse through digitized manuscripts that tell the story of the university in words and images. These archives can be quite a bit of fun, as they include a wide range of architectural drawings and maps that tell how the campus was developed over the centuries. All told, it's a nice way to learn about Yale and some of the people who have been associated with this august place over the years.


Digital Libraries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This projects introduces digital libraries, digital initiatives, search techniques, and the Instructional Architect Review Rubric. Digital Library Information : The Scope of the Digital Library D-Lib Journal article, 1998 2008 Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL) Annual meeting devoted to Digital Libraries Initiatives : Digital Libraries Initiative The Initiative's focus is to dramatically advance the means to collect, store, and organize information in digital forms, and make it available for searching, retrieval, and processing via communication networks -- all in ...




Visual search engine for product images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays there are many product comparison web sites. But most of them only use text information. This paper introduces a novel visual search engine for product images, which provides a brand-new way of visually locating products through Content-based Image Retrieval (CBIR) technology. We discusses the unique technical challenges, solutions, and experimental results in the design and implementation of this system.

Lin, Xiaofan; Gokturk, Burak; Sumengen, Baris; Vu, Diem



English 275, Library Research Tools red text =suggested search terms  

E-print Network

, drama and more. Basic Search: Author's Work: "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass" Advanced Search: Subject: Melville, Herman Author's Work: Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass Google

Abolmaesumi, Purang


Histology image search using multimodal fusion.  


This work proposes a histology image indexing strategy based on multimodal representations obtained from the combination of visual features and associated semantic annotations. Both data modalities are complementary information sources for an image retrieval system, since visual features lack explicit semantic information and semantic terms do not usually describe the visual appearance of images. The paper proposes a novel strategy to build a fused image representation using matrix factorization algorithms and data reconstruction principles to generate a set of multimodal features. The methodology can seamlessly recover the multimodal representation of images without semantic annotations, allowing us to index new images using visual features only, and also accepting single example images as queries. Experimental evaluations on three different histology image data sets show that our strategy is a simple, yet effective approach to building multimodal representations for histology image search, and outperforms the response of the popular late fusion approach to combine information. PMID:24820052

Caicedo, Juan C; Vanegas, Jorge A; Páez, Fabian; González, Fabio A



Novel search algorithms for a mid-infrared spectral library of cotton contaminants.  


During harvest, a variety of plant based contaminants are collected along with cotton lint. The USDA previously created a mid-infrared, attenuated total reflection (ATR), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectral library of cotton contaminants for contaminant identification as the contaminants have negative impacts on yarn quality. This library has shown impressive identification rates for extremely similar cellulose based contaminants in cases where the library was representative of the samples searched. When spectra of contaminant samples from crops grown in different geographic locations, seasons, and conditions and measured with a different spectrometer and accessories were searched, identification rates for standard search algorithms decreased significantly. Six standard algorithms were examined: dot product, correlation, sum of absolute values of differences, sum of the square root of the absolute values of differences, sum of absolute values of differences of derivatives, and sum of squared differences of derivatives. Four categories of contaminants derived from cotton plants were considered: leaf, stem, seed coat, and hull. Experiments revealed that the performance of the standard search algorithms depended upon the category of sample being searched and that different algorithms provided complementary information about sample identity. These results indicated that choosing a single standard algorithm to search the library was not possible. Three voting scheme algorithms based on result frequency, result rank, category frequency, or a combination of these factors for the results returned by the standard algorithms were developed and tested for their capability to overcome the unpredictability of the standard algorithms' performances. The group voting scheme search was based on the number of spectra from each category of samples represented in the library returned in the top ten results of the standard algorithms. This group algorithm was able to identify correctly as many test spectra as the best standard algorithm without relying on human choice to select a standard algorithm to perform the searches. PMID:18559154

Loudermilk, J Brian; Himmelsbach, David S; Barton, Franklin E; de Haseth, James A



Hunting for unexpected post-translational modifications by spectral library searching with tier-wise scoring.  


Discovering novel post-translational modifications (PTMs) to proteins and detecting specific modification sites on proteins is one of the last frontiers of proteomics. At present, hunting for post-translational modifications remains challenging in widely practiced shotgun proteomics workflows due to the typically low abundance of modified peptides and the greatly inflated search space as more potential mass shifts are considered by the search engines. Moreover, most popular search methods require that the user specifies the modification(s) for which to search; therefore, unexpected and novel PTMs will not be detected. Here a new algorithm is proposed to apply spectral library searching to the problem of open modification searches, namely, hunting for PTMs without prior knowledge of what PTMs are in the sample. The proposed tier-wise scoring method intelligently looks for unexpected PTMs by allowing mass-shifted peak matches but only when the number of matches found is deemed statistically significant. This allows the search engine to search for unexpected modifications while maintaining its ability to identify unmodified peptides effectively at the same time. The utility of the method is demonstrated using three different data sets, in which the numbers of spectrum identifications to both unmodified and modified peptides were substantially increased relative to a regular spectral library search as well as to another open modification spectral search method, pMatch. PMID:24661115

Ma, Chun Wai Manson; Lam, Henry



Role of the Library in Education. The Library Image as Presented in Selected Teacher Training Textbooks in Use in the State of Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was made to discover how the public school educator views the library and its librarian and what attempts are made in Kentucky teacher training institutions to offer instruction in the use of library facilities. Specific questions involved the image and role of libraries in education textbooks and courses, and the implications of that…

Saddler, Virginia B.


CALIL.JP, a new web service that provides one-stop searching of Japan-wide libraries' collections  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Calil.JP is a new free online service that enables federated searching, marshalling and integration of Web-OPAC data on the collections of libraries from around Japan. It offers the search results through user-friendly interface. Developed with a concept of accelerating discovery of fun-to-read books and motivating users to head for libraries, Calil was initially designed mainly for public library users. It now extends to cover university libraries and special libraries. This article presents the Calil's basic capabilities, concept, progress made thus far, and plan for further development as viewed from an engineering development manager.

Yoshimoto, Ryuuji


Essential issues in the design of shared document/image libraries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider what is needed to create electronic document libraries which mimic physical collections of books, papers, and other media. The quantitative measures of merit for personal workstations-cost, speed, size of volatile and persistent storage-will improve by at least an order ofmagnitude in the next decade. Every professional worker will be able to afford a very powerful machine, but databases and libraries are not really economical and useful unless they are shared. We therefore see a two-tier world emerging, in which custodians of information make it available to network-attached workstations. A client-server model is the natural description of this world. In collaboration with several state governments, we have considered what would be needed to replace paper-based record management for a dozen different applications. We find that a professional worker can anticipate most data needs and that (s)he is interested in each clump of data for a period of days to months. We further find that only a small fraction of any collection will be used in any period. Given expected bandwidths, data sizes, search times and costs, and other such parameters, an effective strategy to support user interaction is to bring large clumps from their sources, to transform them into convenient representations, and only then start whatever investigation is intended. A system-managed hierarchy of caches and archives is indicated. Each library is a combination of a catalog and a collection, and each stored item has a primary instance which is the standard by which the correctness of any copy is judged. Catalog records mostly refer to 1 to 3 stored items. Weighted by the number of bytes to be stored, immutable data dominate collections. These characteristics affect how consistency, currency, and access control of replicas distributed in the network should be managed. We present the large features of a design for network docun1ent/image library services. A prototype is being built for State of California pilot applications. The design allows library servers in any environment with an ANSI SQL database; clients execute in any environment; conimunications are with either TCP/IP or SNA LU 6.2.

Gladney, Henry M.; Mantey, Patrick E.



Using internet search engines and library catalogs to locate toxicology information.  


The increasing importance of the Internet demands that toxicologists become aquainted with its resources. To find information, researchers must be able to effectively use Internet search engines, directories, subject-oriented websites, and library catalogs. The article will explain these resources, explore their benefits and weaknesses, and identify skills that help the researcher to improve search results and critically evaluate sources for their relevancy, validity, accuracy, and timeliness. PMID:11164979

Wukovitz, L D



The Convergence of Information Technology, Data, and Management in a Library Imaging Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating advanced imaging and processing capabilities in libraries, archives, and museums requires effective systems and information management to ensure that the large amounts of digital data about cultural artifacts can be readily acquired, stored, archived, accessed, processed, and linked to other data. The Library of Congress is developing…

France, Fenella G.; Emery, Doug; Toth, Michael B.



The Sci/Tech Image Invasion: Approaches to Managing the Digital Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the networking of image-based libraries of scientific and technical documents and the role of information professionals in the future of libraries and information access. Topics include commercial databanks, projects involving cooperation between technical publishers and universities, and the Internet and World Wide Web. (LRW)

Schwarzwalder, Robert



The RightPages Image-Based Electronic Library for Alerting and Browsing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The RightPages electronic library prototype system, which gives users full online library services, is described. The prototype takes advantage of fast hardware, multimedia workstations, and broadband networks to process scientific and technical journals for users and to offer a service that: alerts them to the arrival of new journal articles matching their interest profiles; lets them immediately examine images of

Guy A. Story; Lawrence O'gorman; David Fox; Louise Levy Schaper; H. V. Jagadish



Searching the University Libraries Online Catalog for Music Materials  

E-print Network

down and choose Musical Score CDs: Go to: Limit by format and choose CD (sound recording) CDs, LPs and Cassettes: Go to: Limit by format and choose Audio Recording (CD/Cassette/LP) We also have thousands of recordings available 24/7 via streaming audio. From the Music Library web page click on MUSIC RESEARCH GUIDE

Saidak, Filip


Teaching image processing and pattern recognition with the Intel OpenCV library  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present an approach to teaching image processing and pattern recognition with the use of the OpenCV library. Image processing, pattern recognition and computer vision are important branches of science and apply to tasks ranging from critical, involving medical diagnostics, to everyday tasks including art and entertainment purposes. It is therefore crucial to provide students of image

Adam Kozlowski; Aleksandra Królak



Learning Object Categories from Google's Image Search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current approaches to object category recognition require datasets of training images to be manually prepared, with varying degrees of supervision. We present an approach that can learn an object category from just its name, by uti- lizing the raw output of image search engines available on the Internet. We develop a new model, TSI-pLSA, which extends pLSA (as applied to

Robert Fergus; Fei-fei Li; Pietro Perona; Andrew Zisserman



Selecting Telecommunications Hardware for a School Library's Online Database Searching Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of criteria for use in evaluating telecommunications hardware for a school library's online searching program focuses on modem selection. The differences between internal and external modems are described, and a prioritized checklist of recommended features for external modems is presented. (CLB)

La Faille, Eugene



Exploring Gender Differences in SMS-Based Mobile Library Search System Adoption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates differences in how male and female students perceived a short message service (SMS) library catalog search service when adopting it. Based on a sample of 90 students, the results suggest that there are significant differences in perceived usefulness and intention to use but no significant differences in self-efficacy and…

Goh, Tiong-Thye



Is Google enough? Comparison of an internet search engine with academic library resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the study was to compare an internet search engine, Google, with appropriate library databases and systems, in order to assess the relative value, strengths and weaknesses of the two sorts of system. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study approach was used, with detailed analysis and failure checking of results. The performance of the two systems was

Jan Brophy; David Bawden



Many Libraries Have Gone to Federated Searching to Win Users Back from Google. Is It Working?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the last issue, this journal asked a question on many librarians' minds, and it was pleased with the depth and variety of responses. As suggested by this journal editorial board member Oliver Pesch, readers were asked, "Many libraries have gone to federated searching to win users back from Google. Is it working?" Respondents approached the…

King, Douglas



| NODIS Library | Human Resources and Personnel(3000s) | Search | NPD 3300.3E  

E-print Network

Management, has responsibility for selective placement or other personnel-related concerns relative of Personnel Management's (OPM) personnel regulations and guidelines and the Equal Employment Opportunity| NODIS Library | Human Resources and Personnel(3000s) | Search | NASA Policy Directive NPD 3300.3E

Christian, Eric


Chinese Word Searching In Imaged Documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach to searching for user-specied words in imaged Chinese documents, with- out the requirements of layout analysis and OCR processing of the entire documents, is proposed in this paper. A small number of Chinese characters that cannot be success- fully bounded using connected component analysis due to larger gaps between elements within the characters are blacklisted. A suitable character

Yue Lu; Chew Lim Tan



Library & Historic Collections Looking for information Planning a search  

E-print Network

the abreviation "cfs"... #12;Slide 10: Search table 5 Slide notes: ...and the more specialised term "fibromyalgia of the truncation symbol in fibromyalgia - it is placed to pick up fibromyalgia, or the word fibromyalgic

Pym, David J.


Fast parallel tandem mass spectral library searching using GPU hardware acceleration  

PubMed Central

Mass spectrometry-based proteomics is a maturing discipline of biologic research that is experiencing substantial growth. Instrumentation has steadily improved over time with the advent of faster and more sensitive instruments collecting ever larger data files. Consequently, the computational process of matching a peptide fragmentation pattern to its sequence, traditionally accomplished by sequence database searching and more recently also by spectral library searching, has become a bottleneck in many mass spectrometry experiments. In both of these methods, the main rate limiting step is the comparison of an acquired spectrum with all potential matches from a spectral library or sequence database. This is a highly parallelizable process because the core computational element can be represented as a simple but arithmetically intense multiplication of two vectors. In this paper we present a proof of concept project taking advantage of the massively parallel computing available on graphics processing units (GPUs) to distribute and accelerate the process of spectral assignment using spectral library searching. This program, which we have named FastPaSS (for Fast Parallelized Spectral Searching) is implemented in CUDA (Compute Unified Device Architecture) from NVIDIA which allows direct access to the processors in an NVIDIA GPU. Our efforts demonstrate the feasibility of GPU computing for spectral assignment, through implementation of the validated spectral searching algorithm SpectraST in the CUDA environment. PMID:21545112

Baumgardner, Lydia Ashleigh; Shanmugam, Avinash Kumar; Lam, Henry; Eng, Jimmy K.; Martin, Daniel B.



Image searching in a shipping product  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Searching in image databases using image content has made the transition from the laboratory to consumer software. Storm Software is a pioneer in bringing these techniques to shrink- wrapped software applications, and this presentation describes some of the methods we use in our products and some of the experiences we have had in bringing this new technology to consumers. We describe the scope of the problem we are trying to solve as well as some of the algorithms and interfaces we used. We also describe some of the rationales (based on theory as well as on user testing) we had for the various design decisions we made. Finally, we describe some of the challenges and opportunities we see ahead. Descriptions and screen shots of two software products implementing image searching (EasyPhoto and Apple PhotoFlash) are provided. Both products were developed by Storm Software.

Equitz, Will



Optimization of reference library used in content-based medical image retrieval scheme  

SciTech Connect

Building an optimal image reference library is a critical step in developing the interactive computer-aided detection and diagnosis (I-CAD) systems of medical images using content-based image retrieval (CBIR) schemes. In this study, the authors conducted two experiments to investigate (1) the relationship between I-CAD performance and size of reference library and (2) a new reference selection strategy to optimize the library and improve I-CAD performance. The authors assembled a reference library that includes 3153 regions of interest (ROI) depicting either malignant masses (1592) or CAD-cued false-positive regions (1561) and an independent testing data set including 200 masses and 200 false-positive regions. A CBIR scheme using a distance-weighted K-nearest neighbor algorithm is applied to retrieve references that are considered similar to the testing sample from the library. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (A{sub z}) is used as an index to evaluate the I-CAD performance. In the first experiment, the authors systematically increased reference library size and tested I-CAD performance. The result indicates that scheme performance improves initially from A{sub z}=0.715 to 0.874 and then plateaus when the library size reaches approximately half of its maximum capacity. In the second experiment, based on the hypothesis that a ROI should be removed if it performs poorly compared to a group of similar ROIs in a large and diverse reference library, the authors applied a new strategy to identify 'poorly effective' references. By removing 174 identified ROIs from the reference library, I-CAD performance significantly increases to A{sub z}=0.914 (p<0.01). The study demonstrates that increasing reference library size and removing poorly effective references can significantly improve I-CAD performance.

Park, Sang Cheol; Sukthankar, Rahul; Mummert, Lily; Satyanarayanan, Mahadev; Zheng Bin [Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, 3362 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Intel Research Pittsburgh, 4720 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, 3362 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)



Optimization of reference library used in content-based medical image retrieval scheme.  


Building an optimal image reference library is a critical step in developing the interactive computer-aided detection and diagnosis (I-CAD) systems of medical images using content-based image retrieval (CBIR) schemes. In this study, the authors conducted two experiments to investigate (1) the relationship between I-CAD performance and size of reference library and (2) a new reference selection strategy to optimize the library and improve I-CAD performance. The authors assembled a reference library that includes 3153 regions of interest (ROI) depicting either malignant masses (1592) or CAD-cued false-positive regions (1561) and an independent testing data set including 200 masses and 200 false-positive regions. A CBIR scheme using a distance-weighted K-nearest neighbor algorithm is applied to retrieve references that are considered similar to the testing sample from the library. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (Az) is used as an index to evaluate the I-CAD performance. In the first experiment, the authors systematically increased reference library size and tested I-CAD performance. The result indicates that scheme performance improves initially from Az= 0.715 to 0.874 and then plateaus when the library size reaches approximately half of its maximum capacity. In the second experiment, based on the hypothesis that a ROI should be removed if it performs poorly compared to a group of similar ROIs in a large and diverse reference library, the authors applied a new strategy to identify "poorly effective" references. By removing 174 identified ROIs from the reference library, I-CAD performance significantly increases to Az = 0.914 (p < 0.01). The study demonstrates that increasing reference library size and removing poorly effective references can significantly improve I-CAD performance. PMID:18072498

Park, Sang Cheol; Sukthankar, Rahul; Mummert, Lily; Satyanarayanan, Mahadev; Zheng, Bin



Java Library for Input and Output of Image Data and Metadata  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Java-language library supports input and output (I/O) of image data and metadata (label data) in the format of the Video Image Communication and Retrieval (VICAR) image-processing software and in several similar formats, including a subset of the Planetary Data System (PDS) image file format. The library does the following: It provides low-level, direct access layer, enabling an application subprogram to read and write specific image files, lines, or pixels, and manipulate metadata directly. Two coding/decoding subprograms ("codecs" for short) based on the Java Advanced Imaging (JAI) software provide access to VICAR and PDS images in a file-format-independent manner. The VICAR and PDS codecs enable any program that conforms to the specification of the JAI codec to use VICAR or PDS images automatically, without specific knowledge of the VICAR or PDS format. The library also includes Image I/O plugin subprograms for VICAR and PDS formats. Application programs that conform to the Image I/O specification of Java version 1.4 can utilize any image format for which such a plug-in subprogram exists, without specific knowledge of the format itself. Like the aforementioned codecs, the VICAR and PDS Image I/O plug-in subprograms support reading and writing of metadata.

Deen, Robert; Levoe, Steven



Rochester Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Central Library of Rochester and Monroe County, New York offers this substantial database of photographs and other images, both historical and contemporary, that depict the Rochester area. Sponsored by a grant from the Institute for Museum and Library Services and funds from the federal government's Library Services and Technology Act, the site's goal is to demonstrate that electronic access to images can be a boon to scholars and researchers. The images themselves, some 22,000 of them, can either be browsed or searched by keyword, or users can search a specific field (author, title, subjects, etc.); search results include thumbnails that link to full-sized pictures. A helpful Search Tips page offers guidance on searching the images. Providing increased access to visual materials has proven to be one of the Web's successes for many libraries and archives, and this site is a good example of what can be accomplished through a well presented digitization project involving visual materials.


Social Image Search with Diverse Relevance Ranking  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Recent years have witnessed the success of many online social media websites, which allow users to create and share media\\u000a information as well as describe the media content with tags. However, the existing ranking approaches for tag-based image\\u000a search frequently return results that are irrelevant or lack of diversity. This paper proposes a diverse relevance ranking\\u000a scheme which is able

Kuiyuan Yang; Meng Wang; Xian-sheng Hua; Hong-jiang Zhang



Supporting Elementary-Age Children's Searching and Browsing: Design and Evaluation Using the International Children's Digital Library  

E-print Network are examples of large digital libraries with books for children. However, these and other web sitesSupporting Elementary-Age Children's Searching and Browsing: Design and Evaluation Using the International Children's Digital Library Hilary Browne Hutchinson1,* , Allison Druin1,2 , Benjamin B. Bederson1

Golbeck, Jennifer


Bringing Together Children and Books: An Initial Descriptive Study of Children's Book Searching and Selection Behavior in a Digital Library  

E-print Network

catalogs, electronic encyclopedias, online databases, and digital libraries, bring together childrenBringing Together Children and Books: An Initial Descriptive Study of Children's Book Searching. This work was done as part of the International Children's Digital Library (ICDL) project in order

Golbeck, Jennifer


Image Digestion and Relevance Feedback in the ImageRover WWW Search Engine  

Microsoft Academic Search

ImageRover is a search by image content navigation tool for the world wide web. The staggering size of the WWW dictates certain strategies and algorithms for image collection, digestion, indexing, and user interface. This pa- per describes two key components of the ImageRover strat- egy: image digestion and relevance feedback. Image di- gestion occurs during image collection; robots digest the

Leonid Taycher; Marco La Cascia



Satisfaction of search experiments in advanced imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of our research is to understand the perception of multiple abnormalities in an imaging examination and to develop strategies for improved diagnostic. We are one of the few laboratories in the world pursuing the goal of reducing detection errors through a better understanding of the underlying perceptual processes involved. Failure to detect an abnormality is the most common class of error in diagnostic imaging and generally is considered the most serious by the medical community. Many of these errors have been attributed to "satisfaction of search," which occurs when a lesion is not reported because discovery of another abnormality has "satisfied" the goal of the search. We have gained some understanding of the mechanisms of satisfaction of search (SOS) traditional radiographic modalities. Currently, there are few interventions to remedy SOS error. For example, patient history that the prompts specific abnormalities, protects the radiologist from missing them even when other abnormalities are present. The knowledge gained from this programmatic research will lead to reduction of observer error.

Berbaum, Kevin S.



Boost search relevance for tag-based social image retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social media sharing Web sites like Flickr allow users to annotate images with free tags, which greatly facilitate social image search and browsing. However, currently tag-based image search on Flickr does not provide the option of relevance-based ranking, i.e., the search results cannot be ranked according to their relevance levels with respect to the query tag, and this has limited

Dong Liu; Xian-Sheng Hua; Meng Wang; HongJiang Zhang



Real time google and live image search re-ranking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, web-scale image search engines (e.g. Google, Live Image Search) rely almost purely on surrounding text features. This leads to ambiguous and noisy results. We propose to use adaptive visual similarity to re-rank the text-based search results. A query image is first categorized into one of several predefined intention categories, and a specific similarity measure is used inside each category

Jingyu Cui; Fang Wen; Xiaoou Tang



WFILAS: Wide Field Imager Lyman Alpha Search  

E-print Network

The Wide Field Imager Lyman-Alpha Search (WFILAS) is a search for Lya emitting galaxies at z~5.7. Deep images from the Wide Field Imager (WFI) on the ESO/MPI 2.2m telescope have been used to detect 7 bright Lya emitting candidates in three fields covering 0.74 sq. degree on the sky. For this we used three narrowband (FWHM ~70A), one encompassing intermediate band (FWHM \\~220A) and broadband B and R filters. One has thus far been spectroscopically confirmed as a Lya emitting galaxy at z=5.721 using FORS2 at the VLT. This galaxy shows a bright, well resolved asymmetric line profile, which is characteristic of Lya emitting galaxies. In one of our three fields, the Chandra Deep Field South (CDFS), we find an overdensity of Lya emitters in agreement with other surveys that have targeted this region. A statistically complete sample of our candidates probes the bright-end of the luminosity function, confirming earlier results from other smaller, deeper surveys.

Westra, E; Lidman, C; Athreya, R; Meisenheimer, K; Wolf, C; Szeifert, T; Pompei, E; Vanzi, L; Westra, Eduard; Lidman, Chris; Athreya, Ramana; Meisenheimer, Klaus; Wolf, Christian; Szeifert, Thomas; Pompei, Emanuela; Vanzi, Leonardo



WFILAS: Wide Field Imager Lyman Alpha Search  

E-print Network

The Wide Field Imager Lyman-Alpha Search (WFILAS) is a search for Lya emitting galaxies at z~5.7. Deep images from the Wide Field Imager (WFI) on the ESO/MPI 2.2m telescope have been used to detect 7 bright Lya emitting candidates in three fields covering 0.74 sq. degree on the sky. For this we used three narrowband (FWHM ~70A), one encompassing intermediate band (FWHM \\~220A) and broadband B and R filters. One has thus far been spectroscopically confirmed as a Lya emitting galaxy at z=5.721 using FORS2 at the VLT. This galaxy shows a bright, well resolved asymmetric line profile, which is characteristic of Lya emitting galaxies. In one of our three fields, the Chandra Deep Field South (CDFS), we find an overdensity of Lya emitters in agreement with other surveys that have targeted this region. A statistically complete sample of our candidates probes the bright-end of the luminosity function, confirming earlier results from other smaller, deeper surveys.

Eduard Westra; D. Heath Jones; Chris Lidman; Ramana Athreya; Klaus Meisenheimer; Christian Wolf; Thomas Szeifert; Emanuela Pompei; Leonardo Vanzi



Using PRO-SEARCH To Enhance an Online Searching Service: One Library's Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation describes the features of the PRO-SEARCH front-end software package and how they can enhance online searching. The cost savings in terms of decreased connect time and convenience for the inexperienced searcher are discussed. The relationship between the quality of reference services and the effectiveness of using PRO-SEARCH in a…

Arnold, Judith; Zyzik, Ursula


University Corporation for Atmospheric Research: Digital Image Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides access to weather and climate imagery, including unique visuals of atmospheric and solar phenomena, pollution, clouds, research instruments, field projects, landscapes, and educational settings. It also contains links to other digital image sites and a place to store personally selected images for later viewing.


Digitization and the Creation of Virtual Libraries: The Princeton University Image Card Catalog--Reaping the Benefits of Imaging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project at the Princeton University libraries that converted the pre-1981 public card catalog, using digital imaging and optical character recognition technology, to fully tagged and indexed records of text in MARC format that are available on an online database and will be added to the online catalog. (LRW)

Henthorne, Eileen



Creating a large-scale content-based airphoto image digital library.  


This paper describes a content-based image retrieval digital library that supports geographical image retrieval over a testbed of 800 aerial photographs, each 25 megabytes in size. In addition, this paper also introduces a methodology to evaluate the performance of the algorithms in the prototype system. There are two major contributions: we suggest an approach that incorporates various image processing techniques including Gabor filters, image enhancement and image compression, as well as information analysis techniques such as the self-organizing map (SOM) into an effective large-scale geographical image retrieval system. We present two experiments that evaluate the performance of the Gabor-filter-extracted features along with the corresponding similarity measure against that of human perception, addressing the lack of studies in assessing the consistency between an image representation algorithm or an image categorization method and human mental model. PMID:18255383

Zhu, B; Ramsey, M; Chen, H



The Library in Your Toolbar: You Can Make It Easy to Search Library Resources from Your Own Browser  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For years, patrons have been able to access library services from home and in the library building, but in the world of Google, Yahoo, YouTube, MySpace, and Facebook, library web sites and catalogs are too often not the first place people go to look for information. The innovative use of toolbars could change this. Toolbars have been popular for…

Webster, Peter



Nature Picture Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While a commercial enterprise, the Nature Picture Library offers viewers free online access to thousands of high-resolution photographs in its database. Containing fantastic shots of flora and fauna in settings of every variety, the Nature Picture Library is a great graphic resource for those in search of images of the natural world. Images can be purchased for direct downloads or can be stored online for free by registered users in lightboxes of their own design. The picture library allows registrants to create and store as many as fifty lightboxes for online consultation. A great way to see the world and all its creatures, the Nature Picture Library is sure to provoke awe, admiration, and devotion from users of every age.


PhotoFile: A Digital Library for Image Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes a digital photo archiving and retrieval system. The system employs natural language processing technology to retrieve images based on their captions, and incorporates morphological, syntactic, and semantic information

Sharon Flank; Patrick Martin; Aristotle Balogh; James Rothey



An Assessment of Image Quality in Geology Works from the HathiTrust Digital Library  

E-print Network

This study assesses the quality of both images and text in a sample from the 2,180 works on geology from the HathiTrust Digital Library (multi-institutional digital repository)--an outgrowth of the Michigan Digitization Project and partnership...

McEathron, Scott R.



Library of Virginia: Photographic Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia's ongoing Digital Library Program in 2001 added eight public library digital photograph collections. Starting from the LVA Digital Library homepage, users select the name of one of the public library collections to go directly to its search page. For a little more information about the type of photographs to expect in each collection, we recommend beginning at the About the Collections page. Following this route, a user can learn that the digitized portion of the Hampton Public Library consists of 1,400 photographs from the Christopher E. Cheyne collection, including many downtown Hampton businesses, representing the seafood industry hotels and seaside resorts, and the amusement park. This collection also includes portraits of a few Civil War veterans, members of prominent Hampton families, and photographer Cheyne's family. In contrast, one would find fewer images of people in the Newport News Public Library collection, since it consists of close to 300 images related to the construction of Hilton Village, a World War I era public housing project, and the Hotel Warwick, a grand nineteenth-century resort. Searching is still a little unpredictable even with the additional information; to browse most of the images in a collection, try searching on a photographer's name, or the proper name of prominent subjects depicted.


Designing Novel Image Search Interfaces by Understanding Unique Characteristics and Usage  

E-print Network

major search engines, the interface for image search is the same as traditional Web search: a keyword. Grounded in these ob- servations, we present design recommendations for an image search engine supportive that we built. Keywords: image search, log analysis, design. 1 Introduction Most major search engines

Rajamani, Sriram K.


Library Resources

Library Resources Literature Search via PubMed NOTE: PubMed replaces Entrez (previously limited to Molecular Biology references in Medline). Searches are now free, with no account required, either for Grateful Med or PubMed. National Library of Medicine NIH


Visual Image Transmission. An Examination of Electronic Delivery of Visual Images and Text from the Library to the Academic Community. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to examine the potential for delivering images stored on videodisc and other optical media from the library to the classroom, the pilot project described in this report has focused on ways to transmit still color or black and white images from the library's collection to a constituent academic unit. This report discusses analog and…

Smith, Merrill W.; And Others


Image and Video Search Engine for the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a visual information system prototype for searching for images and videos on the WorldWide Web. New visual information in the form of images, graphics, animations and videos is being published on the Web at an incredible rate. However, cataloging this visual data is beyond the capabilities of current text-based Web search engines. In this paper, we describe a

John R. Smith; Shih-Fu Chang



A Contact Sheet Approach to Searching Untagged Images on Smartphones  

E-print Network

A Contact Sheet Approach to Searching Untagged Images on Smartphones Jan Harkes, Mahadev to opportunistic, crowd-sourced, near real-time search of untagged images on smartphones that is sensitive on which to focus attention. On behalf of each smartphone, the cloud maintains a virtual contact sheet


Flamenco image browser: using metadata to improve image search during architectural design  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current user interfaces for image search are not successful at supporting architects' information access needs because they 1) do not recognize the context of architectural design, and 2) require complex textual queries that often result in either too many or too few images. This paper describes a new approach: using metadata about the images to aid search by generating dynamic

Ame Elliott



Teaching image processing and pattern recognition with the Intel OpenCV library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we present an approach to teaching image processing and pattern recognition with the use of the OpenCV library. Image processing, pattern recognition and computer vision are important branches of science and apply to tasks ranging from critical, involving medical diagnostics, to everyday tasks including art and entertainment purposes. It is therefore crucial to provide students of image processing and pattern recognition with the most up-to-date solutions available. In the Institute of Electronics at the Technical University of Lodz we facilitate the teaching process in this subject with the OpenCV library, which is an open-source set of classes, functions and procedures that can be used in programming efficient and innovative algorithms for various purposes. The topics of student projects completed with the help of the OpenCV library range from automatic correction of image quality parameters or creation of panoramic images from video to pedestrian tracking in surveillance camera video sequences or head-movement-based mouse cursor control for the motorically impaired.

Koz?owski, Adam; Królak, Aleksandra



Trainable Cataloging for Digital Image Libraries with Applications to Volcano Detection  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Users of digital image libraries are often not interested in image data per se but in derived products such as catalogs of objects of interest. Converting an image database into a usable catalog is typically carried out manually at present. For many larger image databases the purely manual approach is completely impractical. In this paper we describe the development of a trainable cataloging system: the user indicates the location of the objects of interest for a number of training images and the system learns to detect and catalog these objects in the rest of the database. In particular we describe the application of this system to the cataloging of small volcanoes in radar images of Venus. The volcano problem is of interest because of the scale (30,000 images, order of 1 million detectable volcanoes), technical difficulty (the variability of the volcanoes in appearance) and the scientific importance of the problem. The problem of uncertain or subjective ground truth is of fundamental importance in cataloging problems of this nature and is discussed in some detail. Experimental results are presented which quantify and compare the detection performance of the system relative to human detection performance. The paper concludes by discussing the limitations of the proposed system and the lessons learned of general relevance to the development of digital image libraries.

Burl, M. C.; Fayyad, U. M.; Perona, P.; Smyth, P.



THE ASU HERBARIUM VASCULAR PLANT IMAGE LIBRARY ON-LINE Shannon Doan, Gretchen Buegge, J. Jeremy Buegge, Robin Schoeninger, Edward Gilbert, Leslie R. Landrum  

E-print Network

THE ASU HERBARIUM VASCULAR PLANT IMAGE LIBRARY ON-LINE Shannon Doan, Gretchen Buegge, J. Jeremy.g. individual fruits, cyathia, flowers). RESULTS The Vascular Plant Image Library currently includes 1 in a short period of time and can be done anywhere web access is available. The Vascular Plant Image Library

Hall, Sharon J.


Visual search for natural grains in pigeons (Columba livia): Search images and selective attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experiments reported here were designed to test the suggestion of many researchers that selective attention to visual features of a prey can account for search-image effects. In 3 experiments pigeons ate wheat and vetch grains presented on multicolored and gray gravel trays. In Experiment 1 search-image effects were evident when grains were cryptic but not when they were conspicuous.

Cynthia M. Langley; Donald A. Riley; Alan B. Bond; Namni Goel



CrowdSearch: exploiting crowds for accurate real-time image search on mobile phones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phones are becoming increasingly sophisticated with a rich set of on-board sensors and ubiquitous wireless connectivity. However, the ability to fully exploit the sensing capabilities on mobile phones is stymied by limitations in multimedia processing techniques. For example, search using cellphone images often encounters high error rate due to low image quality. In this paper, we present CrowdSearch, an

Tingxin Yan; Vikas Kumar; Deepak Ganesan



Blocking of pornography-seeking behavior in digital image libraries: adventures in the skin trade.  


The escalating competition between online pornography - seeking and disseminating behaviors and technologies that attempt to reduce them creates technical, semantic and legal barriers to the legitimate discussion of and education about sensitive health issues involving sexuality, anatomy and pathology, especially when image-based knowledge is used. The effects of this competition on the use and management of an online dermatology atlas are described with a discussion on the importance of anticipating, addressing and controlling this problem while developing and maintaining image-based digital libraries and other e-Health applications. PMID:16779077

Lehmann, Christoph U; Cohen, Bernard A; Kim, George R



Managing Biomedical Image Metadata for Search and Retrieval of Similar Images  

E-print Network

Managing Biomedical Image Metadata for Search and Retrieval of Similar Images Daniel Korenblum,1 Daniel Rubin,1,2 Sandy Napel,1 Cesar Rodriguez,3 and Chris Beaulieu1 Radiology images are generally disconnected from the metadata describing their contents, such as imaging observations ("semantic" metadata

Rubin, Daniel L.


Image Comparison Search Engine Based On Traditional and Improved Fractal Encoding Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

This search engine allows users to quickly obtain information from networks. Traditional search engines can only search the data of modal characters. To solve this problem, Image Comparison Search Engine (ICSE) makes use of \\

Shraddha Viraj Pandit; M. V. Kulkarni; M. L. Dhore



SIMPLIcity: Semantics-Sensitive Integrated Matching for Picture LIbraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for efficient content-based image retrieval has increased tremendously in many application areas such as biomedicine, military, commerce, education, and Web image classification and searching. We present here SIMPLIcity (Semantics- sensitive Integrated Matching for Picture LIbraries), an image retrieval system, which uses semantics classification methods, a wavelet-based approach for feature extraction, and integrated region matching based upon image segmentation.

James Ze Wang; Jia Li; Gio Wiederhold



Newborn Screening: National Library of Medicine Literature Search, January 1980 through March 1987. No. 87-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography, prepared by the National Library of Medicine through a literature search of its online databases, covers all aspects of newborn screening. It includes references to screening for: inborn errors of metabolism, such as phenylketonuria and galactosemia; hemoglobinopathies, particularly sickle cell disease; congenital hypothyroidism…

Patrias, Karen


A Kind of Transformation of Information Service--Science and Technology Novelty Search in Chinese University Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science and Technology Novelty Search (S&TNS) is a special information consultation service developed as part of the Chinese Sci-Tech system. The author introduces the concept of S&TNS, and explains its role, and the role of the university library in the process. A quality control model to improve the quality of service of the S&TNS at Southeast…

Aiguo, Li



The Use of OPAC in a Large Academic Library: A Transactional Log Analysis Study of Subject Searching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The analysis of user searches in catalogs has been the topic of research for over four decades, involving numerous studies and diverse methodologies. The present study looks at how different types of users effect queries in the catalog of a university library. For this purpose, we analyzed log files to determine which was the most frequent type of…

Villen-Rueda, Luis; Senso, Jose A.; de Moya-Anegon, Felix



Genetic algorithms for fast search in fractal image coding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper demonstrates the application of genetic algorithms (GAs) to the real-time search problem of fractal image compression. An approach using GAs has been simulated and compared with both an exhaustive search method and a heuristic multi-grid method. Results, for various block sizes, show that the GA based approach offers a computationally more efficient search than either of the other methods.

Redmill, David W.; Bull, David R.; Martin, Ralph R.



A Heuristic Search for Relevant Images on the Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation of retrieval performance is a crucial problem in exhaustive web-based image retrieval. The challenge is to find reliable techniques for estimating the full set of matching answers. In this work, we present an automatic image-gathering method based on k eyword-based web search engines. Users interaction is involved to build an initial reference image set and verify the result images.

Feiyang Yu; Horace Ho-shing Ip; Clement H. C. Leung



Imaging ATUM ultrathin section libraries with WaferMapper: a multi-scale approach to EM reconstruction of neural circuits  

PubMed Central

The automated tape-collecting ultramicrotome (ATUM) makes it possible to collect large numbers of ultrathin sections quickly—the equivalent of a petabyte of high resolution images each day. However, even high throughput image acquisition strategies generate images far more slowly (at present ~1 terabyte per day). We therefore developed WaferMapper, a software package that takes a multi-resolution approach to mapping and imaging select regions within a library of ultrathin sections. This automated method selects and directs imaging of corresponding regions within each section of an ultrathin section library (UTSL) that may contain many thousands of sections. Using WaferMapper, it is possible to map thousands of tissue sections at low resolution and target multiple points of interest for high resolution imaging based on anatomical landmarks. The program can also be used to expand previously imaged regions, acquire data under different imaging conditions, or re-image after additional tissue treatments. PMID:25018701

Hayworth, Kenneth J.; Morgan, Josh L.; Schalek, Richard; Berger, Daniel R.; Hildebrand, David G. C.; Lichtman, Jeff W.



Legacy Tobacco Documents Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California, San Francisco Library and the American Legacy Foundation recently released the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (LTDL), a collection of more than 20 million previously private documents from tobacco industry files. Ranging from approximately the 1950s to recent years, LTDL offers searching, viewing, and downloading of documents, covering projects central to the tobacco industry like marketing, research and development, cigarette analysis and design, as well as industry efforts to establish business in developing countries. Within the next 18 months, more documents will be added to the already extensive collection. Currently, viewers may perform simple or advanced searches; view documents in Adobe Reader format (.pdf) or tagged image file format (.tif); or for a quick look, utilize the page-by-page option to view .gif images within the browser.


Multiview alignment hashing for efficient image search.  


Hashing is a popular and efficient method for nearest neighbor search in large-scale data spaces by embedding high-dimensional feature descriptors into a similarity preserving Hamming space with a low dimension. For most hashing methods, the performance of retrieval heavily depends on the choice of the high-dimensional feature descriptor. Furthermore, a single type of feature cannot be descriptive enough for different images when it is used for hashing. Thus, how to combine multiple representations for learning effective hashing functions is an imminent task. In this paper, we present a novel unsupervised multiview alignment hashing approach based on regularized kernel nonnegative matrix factorization, which can find a compact representation uncovering the hidden semantics and simultaneously respecting the joint probability distribution of data. In particular, we aim to seek a matrix factorization to effectively fuse the multiple information sources meanwhile discarding the feature redundancy. Since the raised problem is regarded as nonconvex and discrete, our objective function is then optimized via an alternate way with relaxation and converges to a locally optimal solution. After finding the low-dimensional representation, the hashing functions are finally obtained through multivariable logistic regression. The proposed method is systematically evaluated on three data sets: 1) Caltech-256; 2) CIFAR-10; and 3) CIFAR-20, and the results show that our method significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art multiview hashing techniques. PMID:25594968

Liu, Li; Yu, Mengyang; Shao, Ling



Monitoring of HTS Compound Library Quality via a High-Resolution Image Acquisition and Processing Instrument  

PubMed Central

This report presents the high-resolution image acquisition and processing instrument for compound management applications (HIAPI-CM). The HIAPI-CM combines imaging spectroscopy and machine vision analysis to perform rapid assessment of HTS compound library quality. It has been customized to detect and classify typical artifacts found in HTS compound library microtiter plates (MTPs). These artifacts include: (a) insufficient volume of liquid compound sample, (b) compound precipitation, and (c) colored compounds that interfere with HTS assay detection format readout. The HIAPI-CM is also configured to automatically query & compare its analysis results to data stored in a LIMS or corporate database, aiding in the detection of compound registration errors. To demonstrate its capabilities, several compound plates (n =5760 wells total) containing different artifacts were measured via automated HIAPI-CM analysis, and results compared to those obtained by manual (visual) inspection. In all cases, the instrument demonstrated high fidelity (99.8% empty wells; 100.1% filled wells; 94.4% for partially filled wells; 94.0% for wells containing colored compounds), and in the case of precipitate detection, the HIAPI-CM results significantly exceeded the fidelity of visual observations (220.0%). As described, the HIAPI-CM allows for noninvasive, nondestructive MTP assessment with a diagnostic throughput of about one minute per plate, reducing analytical expenses and improving the quality and stewardship of HTS compound libraries. PMID:21609702

Baillargeon, Pierre; Scampavia, Louis; Einsteder, Ross



Searching for Pulsars Using Image Pattern Recognition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the modern era of big data, many fields of astronomy are generating huge volumes of data, the analysis of which can sometimes be the limiting factor in research. Fortunately, computer scientists have developed powerful data-mining techniques that can be applied to various fields. In this paper, we present a novel artificial intelligence (AI) program that identifies pulsars from recent surveys by using image pattern recognition with deep neural nets—the PICS (Pulsar Image-based Classification System) AI. The AI mimics human experts and distinguishes pulsars from noise and interference by looking for patterns from candidate plots. Different from other pulsar selection programs that search for expected patterns, the PICS AI is taught the salient features of different pulsars from a set of human-labeled candidates through machine learning. The training candidates are collected from the Pulsar Arecibo L-band Feed Array (PALFA) survey. The information from each pulsar candidate is synthesized in four diagnostic plots, which consist of image data with up to thousands of pixels. The AI takes these data from each candidate as its input and uses thousands of such candidates to train its ~9000 neurons. The deep neural networks in this AI system grant it superior ability to recognize various types of pulsars as well as their harmonic signals. The trained AI's performance has been validated with a large set of candidates from a different pulsar survey, the Green Bank North Celestial Cap survey. In this completely independent test, the PICS ranked 264 out of 277 pulsar-related candidates, including all 56 previously known pulsars and 208 of their harmonics, in the top 961 (1%) of 90,008 test candidates, missing only 13 harmonics. The first non-pulsar candidate appears at rank 187, following 45 pulsars and 141 harmonics. In other words, 100% of the pulsars were ranked in the top 1% of all candidates, while 80% were ranked higher than any noise or interference. The performance of this system can be improved over time as more training data are accumulated. This AI system has been integrated into the PALFA survey pipeline and has discovered six new pulsars to date.

Zhu, W. W.; Berndsen, A.; Madsen, E. C.; Tan, M.; Stairs, I. H.; Brazier, A.; Lazarus, P.; Lynch, R.; Scholz, P.; Stovall, K.; Ransom, S. M.; Banaszak, S.; Biwer, C. M.; Cohen, S.; Dartez, L. P.; Flanigan, J.; Lunsford, G.; Martinez, J. G.; Mata, A.; Rohr, M.; Walker, A.; Allen, B.; Bhat, N. D. R.; Bogdanov, S.; Camilo, F.; Chatterjee, S.; Cordes, J. M.; Crawford, F.; Deneva, J. S.; Desvignes, G.; Ferdman, R. D.; Freire, P. C. C.; Hessels, J. W. T.; Jenet, F. A.; Kaplan, D. L.; Kaspi, V. M.; Knispel, B.; Lee, K. J.; van Leeuwen, J.; Lyne, A. G.; McLaughlin, M. A.; Siemens, X.; Spitler, L. G.; Venkataraman, A.



SIOExplorer Digital Library Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital library provides access to data, documents and images from 822 expeditions by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), dating back to 1903. Materials include shipboard data from cruises (sampling information, seismic profiles, meteorology, and others); expedition photographs; bathymetric seamount maps; and educational resources from the Enduring Resources for Earth Sciences Education (ERESE) program. The collection is searchable by two interfaces; one, a basic text search (cruise number, operator, agencies, dates, etc.); and the other, accessible through an interactive map interface.


The Control Point Library Building System. [for Landsat MSS and RBV geometric image correction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Earth Resources Observation System (EROS) Data Center in Sioux Falls, South Dakota distributes precision corrected Landsat MSS and RBV data. These data are derived from master data tapes produced by the Master Data Processor (MDP), NASA's system for computing and applying corrections to the data. Included in the MDP is the Control Point Library Building System (CPLBS), an interactive, menu-driven system which permits a user to build and maintain libraries of control points. The control points are required to achieve the high geometric accuracy desired in the output MSS and RBV data. This paper describes the processing performed by CPLBS, the accuracy of the system, and the host computer and special image viewing equipment employed.

Niblack, W.



LSU Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lousiana State University's Digital Library, in partnership with the Ogden Museum of Southern Art and the Louisiana State Museum, makes two image databases available: The Preservation of Louisiana's Treasures Program, about 200 images of Southern fine art, primarily 20th-century paintings and photographs from the Roger Houston Ogden collection; and the Rowles Stereograph Collection, 386 stereographs, "vintage albumen prints of New Orleans and Louisiana . . . from mid 1860s to the early 20th century." There are some surprisingly modern images in the stereograph collection, such as a 1978 Karem Abdul Jabbar slam dunk, and a 1930 stereograph portrait of Huey Long. The search interface for both databases is the same, allowing keyword searches or browsing by titles, creators, or subjects. In the browse mode, images are presented as pages of five thumbnails. This simple arrangement is missing some navigational tools; when browsing, there is no way to get back to the beginning without hitting the back button repeatedly; after search results are displayed, it is difficult to do a new search without going all the way back to the LSU Digital Library homepage.


What is Focus? Focus is the TU/e Library's new search engine.  

E-print Network

relevant to your subject (figure 1). Figure 1: advanced search: enter search terms as words from search boxes (figure 3). Figure 3: advanced search: enter search terms in specific search boxes #12;If tips If you are looking for publications on a subject: Type your search terms in the search box, e

Franssen, Michael


Advanced Image Search: A Strategy for Creating Presentation Boards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finding relevant digital images to create presentation boards requires advanced search skills. This article describes a course assignment involving a technique designed to develop students' literacy skills with respect to locating images of desired quality and content from Internet databases. The assignment was applied in a collegiate apparel…

Frey, Diane K.; Hines, Jean D.; Swinker, Mary E.



Word Searching in Document Images Using Word Portion Matching  

Microsoft Academic Search

An approach with the capability of searching a word por- tion in document images is proposed in this paper, to facilitate the de- tection and location of the user-specified query words. A feature string is synthesized according to the character sequence in the user-specified word, and each word image extracted from documents are represented by a feature string. Then, an

Yue Lu; Chew Lim Tan



Word Searching in CCITT Group 4 Compressed Document Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a compressed pattern matching method for searching user queried words in the CCITT Group 4 compressed document images, without decompressing. The feature pixels composed of black changing elements and white changing elements are extracted directly from the CCITT Group 4 compressed document images. The connected components are labeled based on a line-by-line strategy according to

Yue Lu; Chew Lim Tan



Development of search prefilters for infrared library searching of clear coat paint smears.  


Search prefilters developed from spectral data collected on two 6700 Thermo-Nicolet FTIR spectrometers were able to identify the respective manufacturing plant and the production line of an automotive vehicle from its clear coat paint smear using IR transmission spectra collected on a Bio-Rad 40A or Bio-Rad 60 FTIR spectrometer. All four spectrometers were equipped with DTGS detectors. An approach based on instrumental line functions was used to transfer the classification model between the Thermo-Nicolet and Bio-Rad instruments. In this study, 209 IR spectra of clear coat paint smears comprising the training set were collected using two Thermo-Nicolet 6700 IR spectrometers, whereas the validation set consisted of 242 IR spectra of clear coats obtained using two Bio-Rad FTIR instruments. PMID:24401422

Lavine, Barry K; Fasasi, Ayuba; Mirjankar, Nikhil; Sandercock, Mark



Improving web image search results using query-relative classifiers Josip Krapac  

E-print Network

tower', using (a) a text-based image search engine and (b) our model, ordered left-to-right. Abstract for the evaluation of web image search algorithms. It includes 71478 images returned by a web search engine for 353-relative features improve significantly over the raw search engine ranking, and also outperform the query

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Using Ephemeral Clustering and Query Logs to Organize Web Image Search Results on Mobile Devices  

E-print Network

results gathered from an image search engine and propose an adapted in- terface for handled devices search in a commercial search engine is still made in a similar way as in desktop computers, i, the image search engine service provided by Google, Google Images, updated the way that mobile users1 may

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Search and detection modeling of military imaging systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper provides an overview of research in search and detection modeling of military imaging systems. For more than forty-five years the US Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) and others have been working to model the performance of infrared imagers in an effort to link imaging system design parameters to observer-sensor performance in the field. The widely used ACQUIRE model accomplished this by linking the minimum resolvable contrast of the sensor to field performance. From the original hypothesis put forth by John Johnson in 1958, to modeling time limited search, to modeling the impact of motion on target detection, to modeling target acquisition performance in different spectral bands, search has a wide and varied history. This paper will first describe the search-modeling task and then give a description of various topics in search and detection over the years. Some of the topics to be discussed will be classic search, clutter, computational vision models and the ACQUIRE model with its variants. It is hoped that this overview will provide both the novice and experienced search modeler alike with a useful summary and a glance at current issues and future challenges.

Maurer, Tana; Driggers, Ronald G.; Wilson, David L.




NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

PIXTOOLS is a package for the Silicon Graphics IRIS consisting of thirteen programs plus a library for operating on bitmap images. The image data structure is referred to as a PIXIMAGE. The programs allow the IRIS user to create and edit, perform screen saves, resize, and capture high-resolution images from the Sharp JX450 scanner. Images can be output to the QMS laser printer, the Tektronix 4693 color thermal printer, and the Matrix QCRZ film recorder. Additionally, PIX format images can be converted to SGI image format (and vice versa) or converted to PostScript format. PIX or SGI format images can be converted to ".ras" files which can be read by the "rasp" routine in the PLOT3D/AMES program (available from COSMIC), and ".ras" files can be converted to PIX files. Eleven of the programs print information and read and write files while two, PIXSCAN and PIXEDIT, offer graphical interfaces. PIXEDIT uses the full IRIS screen as a drawing area and pop-up menus are available. The menus allow manipulation of images and background color, and saving the screen to a file. PIXSCAN is the user interface to the Sharp JX450 scanner. This program allows the user to do a preliminary scan of an image at low resolution, and then select an area to rescan in higher resolution into a file. PIXSCAN requires the user to have the "gpib" (IEEE 488) board and "libgpib.a" library from Silicon Graphics, Inc. User instructions for all the programs are provided in the form of UNIX on-line manual pages. The PIXTOOLS programs are written in C-Language for execution on SGI IRIS 4D series workstations running IRIX 3.2 or later. PIXEDIT (the largest program) requires 840K of main memory. The programs with graphical interfaces require that the IRIS have at least 24 bit planes. The program package is available on a .25 inch streaming magnetic tape cartridge in UNIX tar format. A README file and UNIX man pages provide information regarding installation and use of the PIXTOOLS programs. A nine-page manual which provides slightly more detailed information may be purchased separately. PIXTOOLS was developed in 1990 and updated in 1991. SGI, IRIS 4D and IRIX are trademarks of Silicon Graphics, Inc. PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated. UNIX is a registered trademark of AT&T.

Choi, D.



Matched filtering determines human visual search in natural images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structural image similarity index (SSIM), introduced by Wang and Bovik (IEEE Signal Processing Letters 9-3, pp. 81-84, 2002) measures the similarity between images in terms of luminance, contrast en structure. It has successfully been deployed to model human visual perception of image distortions and modifications in a wide range of different imaging applications. Chang and Zhang (Infrared Physics & Technology 51-2, pp. 83-90, 2007) recently introduced the target structural similarity (TSSIM) clutter metric, which deploys the SSIM to quantify the similarity of a target to its background in terms of luminance, contrast en structure. They showed that the TSSIM correlates significantly with mean search time and detection probability. However, it is not immediately obvious to what extent each of the three TSSIM components contributes to this correlation. Here we evaluate the TSSIM by deploying it to a set of natural images for which human visual search data are available: the Search_2 dataset. By analyzing the predictive performance of each of the three TSSIM components, we find that it is predominantly the structural similarity component which determines human visual search performance, whereas the luminance and contrast components of the TSSIM show no relation with human performance. Since the structural similarity component of the TSSIM is equivalent to a matched filter, it appears that matched filtering predicts human visual performance when searching for a known target.

Toet, Alexander



SimITK: visual programming of the ITK image-processing library within Simulink.  


The Insight Segmentation and Registration Toolkit (ITK) is a software library used for image analysis, visualization, and image-guided surgery applications. ITK is a collection of C++ classes that poses the challenge of a steep learning curve should the user not have appropriate C++ programming experience. To remove the programming complexities and facilitate rapid prototyping, an implementation of ITK within a higher-level visual programming environment is presented: SimITK. ITK functionalities are automatically wrapped into "blocks" within Simulink, the visual programming environment of MATLAB, where these blocks can be connected to form workflows: visual schematics that closely represent the structure of a C++ program. The heavily templated C++ nature of ITK does not facilitate direct interaction between Simulink and ITK; an intermediary is required to convert respective data types and allow intercommunication. As such, a SimITK "Virtual Block" has been developed that serves as a wrapper around an ITK class which is capable of resolving the ITK data types to native Simulink data types. Part of the challenge surrounding this implementation involves automatically capturing and storing the pertinent class information that need to be refined from an initial state prior to being reflected within the final block representation. The primary result from the SimITK wrapping procedure is multiple Simulink block libraries. From these libraries, blocks are selected and interconnected to demonstrate two examples: a 3D segmentation workflow and a 3D multimodal registration workflow. Compared to their pure-code equivalents, the workflows highlight ITK usability through an alternative visual interpretation of the code that abstracts away potentially confusing technicalities. PMID:24402456

Dickinson, Andrew W L; Abolmaesumi, Purang; Gobbi, David G; Mousavi, Parvin



An attribute-assisted reranking model for web image search.  


Image search reranking is an effective approach to refine the text-based image search result. Most existing reranking approaches are based on low-level visual features. In this paper, we propose to exploit semantic attributes for image search reranking. Based on the classifiers for all the predefined attributes, each image is represented by an attribute feature consisting of the responses from these classifiers. A hypergraph is then used to model the relationship between images by integrating low-level visual features and attribute features. Hypergraph ranking is then performed to order the images. Its basic principle is that visually similar images should have similar ranking scores. In this paper, we propose a visual-attribute joint hypergraph learning approach to simultaneously explore two information sources. A hypergraph is constructed to model the relationship of all images. We conduct experiments on more than 1,000 queries in MSRA-MMV2.0 data set. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach. PMID:25420262

Cai, Junjie; Zha, Zheng-Jun; Wang, Meng; Zhang, Shiliang; Tian, Qi



SIOExplorer Digital Library Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital library provides access to data, documents and images from 822 expeditions by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), dating back to 1903. Materials include shipboard data from cruises (sampling information, seismic profiles, meteorology, and others); expedition photographs; bathymetric seamount maps; and educational resources from the Enduring Resources for Earth Sciences Education (ERESE) program. Since 2001 the collection has matured to include five federated collections: SIO Cruises, SIO Historic Photographs, the Seamounts, Marine Geological Samples, and the Educator’s Collection, all part of the US National Science Digital Library (NSDL). The collection is searchable by two interfaces; a text based search which allows you to access data and metadata. You can search using controlled vocabularies and view the results in google earth; and the other, accessible through an interactive map interface.

Hubert Staudigel


One stop search It is important to be aware that One stop does not search all of the Library's  

E-print Network

for the singular term (e.g. bird). You can also choose to search for the word or phrase you enter in the Title is not case sensitive and when you search for the plural term (e.g. birds) it will also search Terms. The Refine Search link will allow you to improve your search by narrowing to Full text

Bandara, Arosha


Federal Depository Library Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Library Depository Directory is the official GPO (Government Printing Office) directory of all Federal depository libraries. Users can search the directory by eighteen characteristics, including institution, size, type, state, city, librarian, or date of designation. Searches return all of the necessary contact information and links to the library's latest Item Lister item selection profile record.



Image superresolution of cytology images using wavelet based patch search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Telecytology is a new research area that holds the potential of significantly reducing the number of deaths due to cervical cancer in developing countries. This work presents a novel super-resolution technique that couples high and low frequency information in order to reduce the bandwidth consumption of cervical image transmission. The proposed approach starts by decomposing into wavelets the high resolution images and transmitting only the lower frequency coefficients. The transmitted coefficients are used to reconstruct an image of the original size. Additional details are added by iteratively replacing patches of the wavelet reconstructed image with equivalent high resolution patches from a previously acquired image database. Finally, the original transmitted low frequency coefficients are used to correct the final image. Results show a higher signal to noise ratio in the proposed method over simply discarding high frequency wavelet coefficients or replacing directly down-sampled patches from the image-database.

Vargas, Carlos; García-Arteaga, Juan D.; Romero, Eduardo



Google Will Digitize and Search Millions of Books from 5 Top Research Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five of the world's largest libraries have joined Google in a herculean effort to digitize millions of books and make every sentence searchable. The project involves libraries at Harvard and Stanford Universities, the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, and the University of Oxford, in England, as well as the New York Public Library. It could…

Carlson, Scott; Young, Jeffrey R.



Search and detection modeling of military imaging systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For more than 50 years, the U.S. Army RDECOM CERDEC Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) has been studying the science behind the human processes of searching and detecting, and using that knowledge to develop and refine its models for military imaging systems. Modeling how human observers perform military tasks while using imaging systems in the field and linking that model with the physics of the systems has resulted in the comprehensive sensor models we have today. These models are used by the government, military, industry, and academia for sensor development, sensor system acquisition, military tactics development, and war-gaming. From the original hypothesis put forth by John Johnson in 1958, to modeling time-limited search, to modeling the impact of motion on target detection, to modeling target acquisition performance in different spectral bands, the concept of search has a wide-ranging history. Our purpose is to present a snapshot of that history; as such, it will begin with a description of the search-modeling task, followed by a summary of highlights from the early years, and concluding with a discussion of search and detection modeling today and the changing battlefield. Some of the topics to be discussed will be classic search, clutter, computational vision models and the ACQUIRE model with its variants. We do not claim to present a complete history here, but rather a look at some of the work that has been done, and this is meant to be an introduction to an extensive amount of work on a complex topic. That said, it is hoped that this overview of the history of search and detection modeling of military imaging systems pursued by NVESD directly, or in association with other government agencies or contractors, will provide both the novice and experienced search modeler with a useful historical summary and an introduction to current issues and future challenges.

Maurer, Tana; Wilson, David L.; Driggers, Ronald G.



Hard x ray imaging graphics development and literature search  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents work performed between June 1990 and June 1991 and has the following objectives: (1) a comprehensive literature search of imaging technology and coded aperture imaging as well as relevant topics relating to solar flares; (2) an analysis of random number generators; and (3) programming simulation models of hard x ray telescopes. All programs are compatible with NASA/MSFC Space Science LAboratory VAX Cluster and are written in VAX FORTRAN and VAX IDL (Interactive Data Language).

Emslie, A. Gordon



Searching for Images: The Analysis of Users' Queries for Image Retrieval in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied users' queries for visual information in American history to identify the image attributes important for retrieval and the characteristics of users' queries for digital images, based on queries from 38 faculty and graduate students. Results of pre- and post-test questionnaires and interviews suggest principle categories of search terms.…

Choi, Youngok; Rasmussen, Edie M.



Exploratory Search Interfaces to Support Image Discovery  

E-print Network

social, organizational & cultural context #12;Design Issues · Input devices & strategies · Keyboards? · Improve technology & Design human-centered solutions #12;Exploratory Search Motivations · Users' #12;SAPHARI: Cluster by clothing Semi-Automatic PHoto Annotation and Recognition Interface www

Shneiderman, Ben


Harvest UC Davis Library Catalog: Basic Search 1 Select a tab  

E-print Network

-down menu): Search by keyword, title word, journal/serial title words, title begins..., author or subject. Use keyword search when you want to perform a broad search. Use title words if you know a few words, association or agency. The words can be typed in any order. 3. Type search terms: Try your search terms

Pasternack, Gregory B.


Atomic force microscopy imaging directly on paper: a study of library materials degradation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) has been used to study fiber degradations, as they appear on paper surface, aiming -in the mid term- at assessment of a micro-destructive technique capable of providing qualitative and semi-quantitative information on deterioration and ageing. AFM topographies of pure cellulose paper samples artificially aged were considered as well as topographies of original paper samples naturally aged showing different kind of deterioration. Whatman N.1 chromatography paper was used as a model system to study ageing effect on sub-micron structures on cellulose fibers. Chemical and biological deterioration processes were modeled, as well, by mean of artificial degradation treatments, following the criteria of reproducing effects frequently isolated from library materials. The effects of chemical reaction induced by accelerated ageing in climatic chamber (80°C, R.H. 65%) on paper surface, and the effects of a fungal attack reproduced in vitro inoculating paper samples with Aspergillus terreus Thom (6000spores/100?l, 27°C, R.H. 100%) were evaluated by means of Atomic Force Microscopy imaging, and spectrophotometric measurement in the UV-Vis-NIR. In order to map structure local properties, morphological variations repeated with statistical relevance were correlated to chemical, biological and spectroscopic characterization. Information achieved from such analysis is then used for a comparison with measurements of naturally aged paper, providing insight in analysis and classification of typical phenomena, like yellowing and foxing stains, usually affecting valuables in libraries.

Piantanida, Giovanna; Bicchieri, Marina; Pinzari, Flavia; Coluzza, Carlo



Attribute Adaptation for Personalized Image Search Adriana Kovashka Kristen Grauman  

E-print Network

ornamented (right), while 5 others confidently declare the opposite! We propose to adapt at- tribute modelsAttribute Adaptation for Personalized Image Search Adriana Kovashka Kristen Grauman The University predictors, with the assumption that a single model is sufficient to re- flect human understanding

Grauman, Kristen


Analyzing the Quality of Supernovae Search Image Subtraction James Snitzer  

E-print Network

Analyzing the Quality of Supernovae Search Image Subtraction James Snitzer Adviser: John Marriner the properties of dark energy. One way DES does this is through the observation of type 1a supernovae on the luminosity observed on earth, scientists can find how far away the supernova must be. The light spectrum

Cinabro, David


A survey of medical students on the impact of a new digital imaging library in the dissection room.  


Radiology has a recognised role in undergraduate anatomy education. The recent digitalisation of radiology has created new learning opportunities involving techniques such as image labelling, 3D reconstruction, and multiplanar reformatting. An opportunity was identified at the University of Nottingham to create a digital library of normal radiology images as a learner-driven adjunct in anatomy dissection sessions. We describe the process of creating a de novo digital library by sourcing images for presentation at computer workstations. Students' attitudes towards this new resource were assessed using a questionnaire which used a 5 point Likert scale and also offered free text responses. One hundred and forty-one out of 260 students (54%) completed the questionnaire. The most notable findings were: a positive response to the relevance of imaging to the session topics (median score 4), strong agreement that images should be available on the university website (median score 5), and disagreement that enough workstations were available (median score 2). About 24% of respondents suggested independently that images needed more labeling to help with orientation and identification. This first phase of supplying a comprehensive imaging library can be regarded as a success. Increasing availability and incorporating dynamic labeling are well recognized as important design concepts for electronic learning resources and these will be improved in the second phase of delivery as a direct result of student feedback. Hopefully other centers can benefit from this experience and will consider such a venture to be worthwhile. PMID:19637297

Turmezei, T D; Tam, M D B S; Loughna, S



University of California Berkeley Library_________________________ CSA's Alert feature enables you to create a search in CSA indexes that will run automatically and email  

E-print Network

University of California Berkeley Library_________________________ CSA ALERTS CSA's Alert feature. The Alert will run weekly for six months and notify you before it expires. To Create an Alert 1. Run searches. 3. Click Save as Alert for the search you want to save. Other options are available for already

Wurtele, Jonathan



E-print Network

materials Hit and miss Full text Sometimes Can limit results Can't Free to you Might have to pay Where do and is iterative #12;#12;Quick Links to Library Resources #12;Library resources e-books e-journals #12;article searching books, e-books, theses, and more #12;LibSearch BETA article searching #12;Theses & Project Reports


Libraries & Information Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

You are alone in your faculty office at 4:05 p.m. and do a search on your library's online catalog, trying to find any books on an ailment that has been troubling you. A few minutes later, you try searching your library's health refer- ence and other databases, and then try a search on Google as well. Would you be embarrassed



Content-based search in medieval manuscripts  

Microsoft Academic Search

HISTORIA is one of the six projects funded by the European Union Telematics in Libraries programme. The objective of the project is the design and realisation of a digital image library equipped with search and query tools for coding and retrieving information from reproductions of medieval manuscripts that contain heraldic images. In this paper we discuss the particular problems encountered

A. Psarrou; V. Konstantinou; P. Morse; P. O'Reilly



Rebels in search of champions: Envisioning the library of the future  

SciTech Connect

The traditional role of librarians to secure and provide access to the archives of recorded knowledge is being rapidly challenged on three fronts: the increasing technical sophistication of library users, the wide availability of information management software, and economic pressures on the growth of library collections. While we may argue endlessly about turf'' and ownership'', the real challenge is to forge a new ethic of librarianship which defies the stereotype of the passive provider of information services, explores new models of partnership with users, and champions an interactive environment in which to create the library of the future. The Main Library at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is actively engaged in testing experimental models of the library of the future, centered on dynamic user-librarian interactions, versatile information technologies, and on forecasting creative partnerships with library users in different environments. These experiments are described, evaluated, and their implications for future development are explored. 39 refs.

Moulik, A.; Lai, D.



Library Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Librarians, archivists, and other information specialists may already know about the electronic version of Library Journal (the oldest independent national library publication), but those not in the know will want to take a look at this site. With each issue containing dozens of articles on numerous facets on the operation of libraries (and future trends), the site is really an indispensable resource for those in the field. Various sections of the online edition deal with extensive product reviews for books and other items, prepublication alerts, and timely pieces on collection development. The site also contains archives of the Library Journal dating back to February 1997, and a search engine for looking for articles and items on specific topics. One particular section of the site that is worth taking a look at is the section of the Journal devoted to discussing current trends and issues regarding the world of digital libraries and related initiatives.


Keyword Searching and the Internet: Not Just for the Library Anymore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of hits on Internet keyword searches can be limited by following some tips and tricks to using search engines efficiently. Recommends being specific, checking relevancy, using multiple search engines, and using directories. Includes a bibliography of search engines, directories, and print and Internet articles. (PEN)

Schrock, Kathleen



John W. Scott Health Sciences Library, 2010 Searching EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS) Interprofessional Education/Practice  

E-print Network

. Enter your secondary topic in the second box and click on Search. Join related/synonymous terms using OR in this database. 1. Once you have opened EDS, click on Advanced Search. 2. Enter the following in the top search to focus on, a geographical limit, etc), additional terms can be added in the third box. If more search

MacMillan, Andrew


Interfaces for Palmtop Image Search Mark Derthick  

E-print Network

goal is video retrieval, our current interfaces segment the video into shots, and represent them to have a query in mind, and that the mental representation of the query will prime the recognition, and because the images are from contiguous shots in a single video. In any case, these experiments have

Derthick, Mark


Photo Library of the Nevada Site Office (Includes historical archive of nuclear testing images)  

DOE Data Explorer

See also the Historical Film Library at and the Current Film Library at Current films can be viewed online, but only short clips of the historical films are viewable. They can be ordered via an online request form for a very small shipping and handling fee.


In Search of Facilitating Citizens' Problem Solving: Public Libraries' Collaborative Development of Services with Related Organizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The paper attempts to understand value constellations in organising and using the business information service that was recently developed by various stakeholders with libraries who were in pursuit of supporting people's problem solving in Japanese public libraries. Method: In-depth interviews were conducted not only with users and…

Ikeya, Nozomi; Tamura, Shunsaku; Miwa, Makiko; Koshizuka, Mika; Saito, Seiichi; Kasai, Yumiko




Microsoft Academic Search

Current breed of LMSs do not have the capability to deliver library services in the new holistic information environment .The paper focuses on the core functionalities and major shortcomings are examined. The concept of a lib-Infosphere is introduced and some of the new technologies impacting on the delivery of library services in the digital era are discussed. In light of



The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 6 Finding Aid for Edwin Carlyle Lobenstine Album, 1935 Image Credit: MRL6: Lobenstine Album, Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological

Salzman, Daniel


The Burke Library Archives, Columbia University Libraries, Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

The Burke Library Archives, Columbia University Libraries, Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 6 Finding Aid for Phonetic Promotion Committee Records, 1919 ­ 1930 Image Credit: Burke Library Archives, Columbia University Libraries, at Union Theological Seminary

Salzman, Daniel



Home News and Events Multimedia Library Images Images:  Cancer Biology Image: Cell with DNA 72 DPI | 300 DPIDrawing depicting DNA molecule unwinding from a chromosome inside the nucleus of a cell. NHGRI >> View All Cancer Pathology/Imaging Image: Female


Search Image Formation in the Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata).  


Blue jays trained to detect Catocala moths in slides were exposed to two types of slide series containing these moths: series of one species and series of two species intermixed. In one-species series, detection ability increased with successive encounters with one prey type. No similar effect occurred in two-species series. These results are a direct demonstration of a specific search image. PMID:17813172

Pietrewicz, A T; Kamil, A C



An Evaluation of Major Image Search Engines on Various Query Topics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the information retrieval effectiveness of major image search engines based on various query topics. Initially, major image search engines, namely, Google, Yahoo, Ask and MSN are selected. Then, seven appropriate topics are determined from the categories of the top search terms used on the web and five queries per topic are chosen. Each query is run on

E. Cakir; H. Bahceci; Y. Bitirim




E-print Network

search engine. From this data set, terms were used to identify queries for audio, image, and video multimedia files by searching for file extensions and matching the filename to terms in the query (WittenSEARCHING FOR MULTIMEDIA: AN ANALYSIS OF AUDIO, VIDEO, AND IMAGE WEB QUERIES Bernard J. Jansen

Jansen, James


Word Searching in CCITT Group 4 Compressed Document Images Yue Lu, Chew Lim Tan  

E-print Network

Word Searching in CCITT Group 4 Compressed Document Images Yue Lu, Chew Lim Tan Department,tancl} Abstract In this paper, we present a compressed pattern matching method for searching user queried words on the issue of searching words in CCITT Group 4 compressed document images. With the rapid growth of digital

Tan, Chew Lim


Imlooking: image-based face retrieval in online dating profile search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Textual search, the approach used by the majority of existing online dating sites, successfully covers a variety of attributes, such as age range and gender, but falls short when searching for facial features. Meanwhile, by using images as the query in a search, current image-based face-retrieval applications ease the challenge of textual description from users, but only focus on finding

Leizhong Zhang; Qiong Yang; Ta Bao; Dave Vronay; Xiaoou Tang



Project GRACE:A grid based search tool for the global digital library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper will report on the progress of an ongoing EU project called GRACE - Grid Search and Categorization Engine (http:\\/\\/ The project participants are CERN, Sheffield Hallam University, Stockholm University, Stuttgart University, GL 2006 and Telecom Italia. The project started in 2002 and will finish in 2005, resulting in a Grid based search engine that will search across a

Frank Scholze; Glenn Haya; Jens Vigen; Petra Prazak



Library Regulations Library Regulations  

E-print Network

Library Regulations 2012-13 Library Regulations UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM REGULATIONS LIBRARY REGULATIONS Preamble: The Library Regulations apply to all users of library facilities managed on behalf of the University by Library Services, and thus there are sections that apply also to non- members of the University

Birmingham, University of



E-print Network

LIBRARY SERVICES LIBRARY HOURS Up-to-date library hours are posted at http Wesleyan ID that is linked to the library circulation database is needed to charge out library materials to visit the Circulation Office in Olin Library 115 to set up their borrowing privileges. If you have

Royer, Dana


HSI-Find: A Visualization and Search Service for Terascale Spectral Image Catalogs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Imaging spectrometers are remote sensing instruments commonly deployed on aircraft and spacecraft. They provide surface reflectance in hundreds of wavelength channels, creating data cubes known as hyperspecrtral images. They provide rich compositional information making them powerful tools for planetary and terrestrial science. These data products can be challenging to interpret because they contain datapoints numbering in the thousands (Dawn VIR) or millions (AVIRIS-C). Cross-image studies or exploratory searches involving more than one scene are rare; data volumes are often tens of GB per image and typical consumer-grade computers cannot store more than a handful of images in RAM. Visualizing the information in a single scene is challenging since the human eye can only distinguish three color channels out of the hundreds available. To date, analysis has been performed mostly on single images using purpose-built software tools that require extensive training and commercial licenses. The HSIFind software suite provides a scalable distributed solution to the problem of visualizing and searching large catalogs of spectral image data. It consists of a RESTful web service that communicates to a javascript-based browser client. The software provides basic visualization through an intuitive visual interface, allowing users with minimal training to explore the images or view selected spectra. Users can accumulate a library of spectra from one or more images and use these to search for similar materials. The result appears as an intensity map showing the extent of a spectral feature in a scene. Continuum removal can isolate diagnostic absorption features. The server-side mapping algorithm uses an efficient matched filter algorithm that can process a megapixel image cube in just a few seconds. This enables real-time interaction, leading to a new way of interacting with the data: the user can launch a search with a single mouse click and see the resulting map in seconds. This allows the user to quickly explore each image, ascertain the main units of surface material, localize outliers, and develop an understanding of the various materials' spectral characteristics. The HSIFind software suite is currently in beta testing at the Planetary Science Institute and a process is underway to release it under an open source license to the broader community. We believe it will benefit instrument operations during remote planetary exploration, where tactical mission decisions demand rapid analysis of each new dataset. The approach also holds potential for public spectral catalogs where its shallow learning curve and portability can make these datasets accessible to a much wider range of researchers. Acknowledgements: The HSIFind project acknowledges the NASA Advanced MultiMission Operating System (AMMOS) and the Multimission Ground Support Services (MGSS). E. Palmer is with the Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ. Other authors are with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA. This work was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Copyright 2013, California Institute of Technology.

Thompson, D. R.; Smith, A. T.; Castano, R.; Palmer, E. E.; Xing, Z.



Synthesis and Systematic Evaluation of Dark Resonance Energy Transfer (DRET)-Based Library and Its Application in Cell Imaging.  


In this paper, we report a new strategy for constructing a dye library with large Stokes shifts. By coupling a dark donor with BODIPY acceptors of tunable high quantum yield, a novel dark resonance energy transfer (DRET)-based library, named BNM, has been synthesized. Upon excitation of the dark donor (BDN) at 490?nm, the absorbed energy is transferred to the acceptor (BDM) with high efficiency, which was tunable in a broad range from 557?nm to 716?nm, with a high quantum yield of up to 0.8. It is noteworthy to mention that the majority of the non-radiative energy loss of the donor was converted into the acceptor's fluorescence output with a minimum leak of donor emission. Fluorescence imaging tested in live cells showed that the BNM compounds are cell-permeable and can also be employed for live-cell imaging. This is a new library which can be excited through a dark donor allowing for strong fluorescence emission in a wide range of wavelengths. Thus, the BNM library is well suited for high-throughput screening or multiplex experiments in biological applications by using a single laser excitation source. PMID:25530300

Su, Dongdong; Teoh, Chai Lean; Kang, Nam-Young; Yu, Xiaotong; Sahu, Srikanta; Chang, Young-Tae



Library Literature: Redesigning Library Services: A Manifesto  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE (discussed in the February 9, 1996 Scout Report) has added the first in what will be a series of library literature, Michael Buckland's Redesigning Library Services: A Manifesto. Buckland argues against what he sees as library literature's over-emphasis on technology for technology's sake, "on means, rather than on ends, and tactics rather than strategy." Though electronic library management has certainly changed and grown since Redesigning Library Services was first published (1992), the book's primary emphasis on the goals and purposes of library services still serves as a relevant touchstone. Buckland's book is meant to countervail against the fact that "there is so much more written, for example, on how to build collections than on the roles that collections play." The text can be read online, downloaded (.pdf), or searched for keywords (Note that searches return only links to chapters, not passages of text).

Buckland, Michael Keeble.



E-print Network

IMAGE COLLECTOR: AN IMAGE-GATHERING SYSTEM FROM THE WORLD-WIDE WEB EMPLOYING KEYWORD-BASED SEARCH of images from WWW. There are, however, no estab- lished methods to make use of WWW as a large im- age database. In this paper, we describe an automatic image-gathering system from WWW employing key- words

Yanai, Keiji


New York Public Library Picture Collection Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of NYPL's evolving Digital Library, the Picture Collection Online is a collection of 30,000 public domain digital images from books and periodicals, original photographs, prints, and postcards. Primarily dated pre-1923, the Picture Collections includes some of the most popular images in the NYPL collection. The physical collection is housed in folders by broad subject headings, which can be browsed online. Keyword and advanced searches are also provided.


Image Similarity Search using a Negative Selection Algorithm Stein Keijzers1  

E-print Network

whether NSA is applicable to Image Similarity Search, two sets of experiments are conducted. First, we consider a publicly available dataset of holiday images and assess manually how good the results of NSA are used by Google, but to show that NSA can be applied to search by image. Background The original

Marchiori, Elena


Digital Asia Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digital Asia Library (DAL), a joint offering from The Ohio State University Libraries, the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Libraries, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries, consists of a catalog of Internet resources related to Asian studies. Users can browse, keyword search, or perform an advanced search for resources. The latter allows fielded searching (Subject, Title, Summary, Author, and Publisher) and the use of limits (subject categories, regions, countries, resource types, or languages). All entries are annotated, and users can save entries that most interest them and email them to themselves. DAL is not a new resource but a must-bookmark for Asian Studies scholars.


Math in the Library?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Math and information searching skills might be effectively combined for a fun and informative unit in the library media center like the Number Hunt unit which gets students using math and library search skills to find answers to some tough numerical questions. Some of the objectives of Number Hunt Lesson plan are discussed giving a detailed…

Henry, Robin



Find Good Sources of Online Images: A Picture Doesn't Have to Be a Thousand Searches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet is a natural place to look for images that teachers can use in lessons and students can use in projects and assignments. Google, Yahoo, AltaVista--many of these popular search engines offer image searching. Usually there is a tab to click at the top of the page to select image searching; just enter a search term and go! However, this…

Branzburg, Jeffrey



Research Libraries Catalog  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The library catalog of the Research Libraries of the New York Public Library (CATNYP) is available for searching via telnet. The catalog includes materials added to the collection since 1971, as well as some materials acquired before 1971. The Research Libraries include four centers: the Center for the Humanities, the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts (LPA), the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, and the Science and Industry Business Library (SIBL). The collections of these libraries contain 38.8 million items, including 11.8 million books. Note, however, that the Research Libraries' collections are for onsite use. telnet:// login: nypl The Research Libraries' catalog is menu pick "2". Telnet to and login: nypl For information about the individual Research Libraries:


Direct imaging searches for planets around white dwarf stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

White dwarfs are excellent targets for direct imaging searches for extra-solar planets, since they are up to 10^4 times fainter than their main sequence progenitors, providing a huge gain in the contrast problem. In addition, the orbits of planetary companions that lie beyond the maximum extent of the Red Giant envelope are expected to widen considerably, improving resolution and further encouraging direct detection. We discuss current searches for planetary companions to white dwarfs, including our own “DODO” programme. At the time of writing, no planetary companion to a white dwarf has been detected. The most sensitive searches have been capable of detecting companions ?5M_{Jup}, and their non-detection is consistent with the conclusions of McCarthy & Zuckerman (2004), that no more than 3% of stars harbour 5-10M_{Jup} planets at orbits between 75-300AU. Extremely Large Telescopes are required to enable deeper searches sensitive to lower mass planets, and to provide larger target samples including more distant and older white dwarfs. ELTs will also enable spectroscopic follow-up for any resolved planets, and follow-up of any planetary companions discovered astrometrically by GAIA and SIM.

Burleigh, Matt; Hogan, Emma; Clarke, Fraser


Remotely sensed image processing service composition based on heuristic search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As remote sensing technology become ever more powerful with multi-platform and multi-sensor, it has been widely recognized for contributing to geospatial information efforts. Because the remotely sensed image processing demands large-scale, collaborative processing and massive storage capabilities to satisfy the increasing demands of various applications, the effect and efficiency of the remotely sensed image processing is far from the user's expectation. The emergence of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) may make this challenge manageable. It encapsulate all processing function into services and recombine them with service chain. The service composition on demand has become a hot topic. Aiming at the success rate, quality and efficiency of processing service composition for remote sensing application, a remote sensed image processing service composition method is proposed in this paper. It composes services for a user requirement through two steps: 1) dynamically constructs a complete service dependency graph for user requirement on-line; 2) AO* based heuristic searches for optimal valid path in service dependency graph. These services within the service dependency graph are considered relevant to the specific request, instead of overall registered services. The second step, heuristic search is a promising approach for automated planning. Starting with the initial state, AO* uses a heuristic function to select states until the user requirement is reached. Experimental results show that this method has a good performance even the repository has a large number of processing services.

Yang, Xiaoxia; Zhu, Qing; Li, Hai-feng; Zhao, Wen-hao



The Evolution of the International Children's Digital Library Searching and Browsing Interface  

E-print Network

Department of Computer Science1 and College of Information Studies2 University of Maryland, College Park, USA information about animals [8]. This interface included large, easily clickable icons; incremental and clearly visible results; and built-in Boolean search. Search categories were based on how children liked to find

Golbeck, Jennifer


Library System Library System  

E-print Network

Library System #12;Library System 5150 Anthony Wayne Drive David Adamany Undergraduate Library that for the current fiscal year, we've been given an additional $600,000 for our library materials budget. We're very subscriptions. The Wayne State University Libraries are deeply committed to providing our faculty and students

Cinabro, David


The Use of Scientific Literature at the Science Reference Library for Updating Searches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied use of scientific periodicals and irregulars (monographs/conference reports) in open access boxes for updating of current awareness scanning. Data were obtained from survey slips completed by users who consulted the literature after their previous visits to the library. Graphs and tables illustrating aspects of use are included. (SW)

Sandison, A.



Strategies for Searching. A Self-Paced Workbook for Basic Library Skills. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-paced workbook is designed to help students at the University of North Carolina-Charlotte acquire basic skills in using a university library. The workbook, which is used in conjuction with course assignments, is divided into six sections: (l) Introduction; (2) How to Locate Background Information; (3) How to Locate Books; (4) How to…

Hales, Celia; And Others


Use of Library Science Students as Search Intermediaries for Environmental Science and Engineering Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project begun in 1988 at the University of North Carolina in which graduate students in library science acted as information intermediaries for students in environmental science. Planning, instructional objectives, materials, methods, costs, and project evaluation are discussed. Changes in the program for 1989 and 1990, as well as…

Tucker, Mary Ellen; And Others



Informedia Digital Video Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Informedia Digital Video Library Project is developing new technologies for creating full-content search and retrieval digital video libraries. Working in collaboration with WQED Pittsburgh, the project is creating a testbed that will enable K-12 students to access, explore, and retrieve science and mathematics materials from the digital video library. The library will initially contain 1,000 hours of video from

Michael G. Christel; Takeo Kanade; M. Mauldin; Raj Reddy; Marvin A. Sirbu; Scott M. Stevens; Howard D. Wactlar



Wirtz Labor Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Department of Labor (DOL) Library, established in 1917, is one of the oldest Cabinet-level libraries and internationally recognized for its excellent collection of labor history materials. Recently dedicated as the Wirtz Labor Library, it has also been placed online. At the site, users can read about the library's history, holdings, and special collections, and most importantly, search the library's card catalog system. Other resources include links to related research resources, a few select bibliographies, and a listing of library events.


Start Your Search Engines. Part 2: When Image is Everything, Here are Some Great Ways to Find One  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is no doubt that Google is great for finding images. Simply head to its home page, click the "Images" link, enter criteria in the search box, and--voila! In this article, the authors share some of their other favorite search engines for finding images. To make sure the desired images are available for educational use, consider searching for…

Adam, Anna; Mowers, Helen



Public Relations in Special Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme issue includes 11 articles on public relations (PR) in special libraries. Highlights include PR at the Special Libraries Association (SLA); sources for marketing research for libraries; developing a library image; sample PR releases; brand strategies for libraries; case studies; publicizing a consortium; and a bibliography of pertinent…

Rutkowski, Hollace Ann; And Others



University of Alberta Libraries, 2011 Page 1 NEOS??? UA WorldCat Local??? EBSCO Discovery Service??? Which one should I search???  

E-print Network

University of Alberta Libraries, 2011 Page 1 NEOS??? UA WorldCat Local??? EBSCO Discovery Service WorldCat Local, you should either try EBSCO Discovery Service and/or check a relevant Subject page by journal title. EBSCO Discovery Service EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS) allows you to search for book

MacMillan, Andrew


Protocols for printing thick film ceramic libraries using the London University Search Instrument (LUSI)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thick film combinatorial libraries can be prepared by mixing ceramic suspensions using stepper-driven syringes to control ink-jet-printing nozzles, but a more tolerant and efficient method has been devised using a simplification of the same equipment. By simplifying the printing sequence and using direct deposition from the stepper syringes, the time committed to a repetitive sequence of priming and cleaning the ink-jet printer nozzles is reduced. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) open ended tubes and commercial pipette tips are used as the printing nozzles. Calibration and corrections for the method are described. This method opens up the possibility for making ceramic libraries more rapidly with much simpler and less expensive equipment.

Chen, L.; Zhang, Y.; Yang, S.; Evans, J. R. G.



Exploiting Chemical Libraries, Structure, and Genomics in the Search for Kinase Inhibitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Selective protein kinase inhibitors were developed on the basis of the unexpected binding mode of 2,6,9-trisubstituted purines to the adenosine triphosphate-binding site of the human cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2). By iterating chemical library synthesis and biological screening, potent inhibitors of the human CDK2-cyclin A kinase complex and of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc28p were identified. The structural basis for the binding affinity

David J. Lockhart; Sung-Hou Kim; Laurent Meijer; Sophie LeClerc; Georjana Barnes; David O. Morgan; F. Hernan Espinoza; Soojin Kwon; Andy-Mark W. H. Thunnissen; Lisa Wodicka; Nathanael S. Gray; Peter G. Schultz; Thea C. Norman



More than the Usual Searches: a GIS Based Digital Library of the Spanish Ancient Cartography  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Inside the frame established by the Council of the European Union about Digital Libraries, we are creating a complete and\\u000a multilingual database on Spanish ancient cartography. It gathers the documents located in the different archives, that yet\\u000a today remain disperse and even unknown. We are also implementing an open Geographic Information System, that surpasses the\\u000a usual operability of the traditional

Pilar Chías; Tomás Abad


University of Toronto Libraries: Anatomia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the University of Toronto Libraries, the Anatomia website offers a collection of about 4,500 plates and images of human anatomy from the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library ranging in date from 1522 to 1867. Visitors can search the plates by entire plate description, artist, subject words, and/or plate title or can browse the plates by artist, title, or subject. By selecting the Anatomia highlights link, users can view images of importance due to their contributions to the advancement of knowledge, educational value, or artistic value. Students can discover the three processes of creating illustrations during the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries: relief, intaglio, and planographic. The website supplies a concise history of the study of anatomy.



E-print Network

. Accordingly, in this paper we introduce a new search and retrieval work for finding relevant slices in brain accurate retrieval of relevant slices. Index Terms-- search and retrieval, brain MR, local bi- naryINTENSITY VERSUS TEXTURE FOR MEDICAL IMAGE SEARCH AND RETRIVAL Devrim Unay, Ahmet Ekin Video

Ã?nay, Devrim


Information Literacy for Users at the National Medical Library of Cuba: Cochrane Library Course for the Search of Best Evidence for Clinical Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Medical Library of Cuba is currently developing an information literacy program to train users in the use of biomedical databases. This paper describes the experience with the course "Cochrane Library: Evidence-Based Medicine," which aims to teach users how to make the best use of this database, as well as the evidence-based medicine…

Santana Arroyo, Sonia; del Carmen Gonzalez Rivero, Maria



PageRank for Product Image Search Yushi Jing1,2  

E-print Network

on the pages in which the image is embedded (text in the body of the page, anchor-text, image name, etcPageRank for Product Image Search Yushi Jing1,2 Shumeet Baluja2 shumeet Parkway, Mountain View, CA ABSTRACT In this paper, we cast the image-ranking problem into the task

Pregibon, Daryl


Categorical and Specificity Differences between User-Supplied Tags and Search Query Terms for Images. An Analysis of "Flickr" Tags and Web Image Search Queries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The purpose of this study is to compare characteristics and features of user supplied tags and search query terms for images on the "Flickr" Website in terms of categories of pictorial meanings and level of term specificity. Method: This study focuses on comparisons between tags and search queries using Shatford's categorization…

Chung, EunKyung; Yoon, JungWon



Towards better digital pathology workflows: programming libraries for high-speed sharpness assessment of Whole Slide Images  

PubMed Central

Background Since microscopic slides can now be automatically digitized and integrated in the clinical workflow, quality assessment of Whole Slide Images (WSI) has become a crucial issue. We present a no-reference quality assessment method that has been thoroughly tested since 2010 and is under implementation in multiple sites, both public university-hospitals and private entities. It is part of the FlexMIm R&D project which aims to improve the global workflow of digital pathology. For these uses, we have developed two programming libraries, in Java and Python, which can be integrated in various types of WSI acquisition systems, viewers and image analysis tools. Methods Development and testing have been carried out on a MacBook Pro i7 and on a bi-Xeon 2.7GHz server. Libraries implementing the blur assessment method have been developed in Java, Python, PHP5 and MySQL5. For web applications, JavaScript, Ajax, JSON and Sockets were also used, as well as the Google Maps API. Aperio SVS files were converted into the Google Maps format using VIPS and Openslide libraries. Results We designed the Java library as a Service Provider Interface (SPI), extendable by third parties. Analysis is computed in real-time (3 billion pixels per minute). Tests were made on 5000 single images, 200 NDPI WSI, 100 Aperio SVS WSI converted to the Google Maps format. Conclusions Applications based on our method and libraries can be used upstream, as calibration and quality control tool for the WSI acquisition systems, or as tools to reacquire tiles while the WSI is being scanned. They can also be used downstream to reacquire the complete slides that are below the quality threshold for surgical pathology analysis. WSI may also be displayed in a smarter way by sending and displaying the regions of highest quality before other regions. Such quality assessment scores could be integrated as WSI's metadata shared in clinical, research or teaching contexts, for a more efficient medical informatics workflow. PMID:25565494



Signal and Image Processing, SIP-2000, Las Vegas, USA, (c) IASTED SEARCHING FOR AURORA  

E-print Network

Signal and Image Processing, SIP-2000, Las Vegas, USA, (c) IASTED SEARCHING FOR AURORA MIKKO T. We demonstrate an automatical algorithm for searching aurora in auroral all-sky images. The algorithm that contain aurora and require further examination in the detection phase. The detection is based on shape

Syrjäsuo, Mikko


Effect of Reading Ability and Internet Experience on Keyword-Based Image Search  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Image searches are now crucial for obtaining information, constructing knowledge, and building successful educational outcomes. We investigated how reading ability and Internet experience influence keyword-based image search behaviors and performance. We categorized 58 junior-high-school students into four groups of high/low reading ability and…

Lei, Pei-Lan; Lin, Sunny S. J.; Sun, Chuen-Tsai



Library Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1876, Library Journal has brought a new "look & feel" to its digital version. Items in this e-zine include LJ's Hot Picks, News (divided into This Week, People and Calendar), View, Infotech (which covers industry news), Multimedia (covering the web, CD-ROMs, audiobooks and video), BestSellers and Job Search. This site contains a fair amount of coverage and is well organized; at no point will the reader feel lost.


Searching image in blue jays: Facilitation and interference in sequential priming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Repeated exposure to a single target type (sequential priming) during visual search for multiple cryptic targets commonly\\u000a improves performance on subsequent presentations of that target. It appears to be an attentional phenomenon, a component of\\u000a the searching image effect. It has been argued, however, that if searching image is an attentional process, sequential priming\\u000a should also interfere with performance on

Alan B. Bond; Alan C. Kamil



A geometry-based image search engine for advanced RADARSAT-1/2 GIS applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space-borne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) sensors, such as RADARSAT-1 and -2, enable a multitude of defense and security applications owing to their unique capabilities of cloud penetration, day/night imaging and multi-polarization imaging. As a result, advanced SAR image time series exploitation techniques such as Interferometric SAR (InSAR) and Radargrammetry are now routinely used in applications such as underground tunnel monitoring, infrastructure monitoring and DEM generation. Imaging geometry, as determined by the satellite orbit and imaged terrain, plays a critical role in the success of such techniques. This paper describes the architecture and the current status of development of a geometry-based search engine that allows the search and visualization of archived and future RADARSAT-1 and -2 images appropriate for a variety of advanced SAR techniques and applications. Key features of the search engine's scalable architecture include (a) Interactive GIS-based visualization of the search results; (b) A client-server architecture for online access that produces up-to-date searches of the archive images and that can, in future, be extended to acquisition planning; (c) A techniquespecific search mode, wherein an expert user explicitly sets search parameters to find appropriate images for advanced SAR techniques such as InSAR and Radargrammetry; (d) A future application-specific search mode, wherein all search parameters implicitly default to preset values according to the application of choice such as tunnel monitoring, DEM generation and deformation mapping; (f) Accurate baseline calculations for InSAR searches, and, optimum beam configuration for Radargrammetric searches; (g) Simulated quick look images and technique-specific sensitivity maps in the future.

Kotamraju, Vinay; Rabus, Bernhard; Busler, Jennifer



Library Synthesis, Screening, and Discovery of Modified Zinc(II)-Bis(dipicolylamine) Probe for Enhanced Molecular Imaging of Cell Death  

PubMed Central

Zinc(II)-bis(dipicolylamine) (Zn-BDPA) coordination complexes selectively target the surfaces of dead and dying mammalian cells, and they have promise as molecular probes for imaging cell death. A necessary step toward eventual clinical imaging applications is the development of next-generation Zn-BDPA complexes with enhanced affinity for the cell death membrane biomarker, phosphatidylserine (PS). This study employed an iterative cycle of library synthesis and screening, using a novel rapid equilibrium dialysis assay, to discover a modified Zn-BDPA structure with high and selective affinity for vesicles containing PS. The lead structure was converted into a deep-red fluorescent probe and its targeting and imaging performance was compared with an unmodified control Zn-BDPA probe. The evaluation process included a series of FRET-based vesicle titration studies, cell microscopy experiments, and rat tumor biodistribution measurements. In all cases, the modified probe exhibited comparatively higher affinity and selectivity for the target membranes of dead and dying cells. The results show that this next-generation deep-red fluorescent Zn-BDPA probe is well suited for preclinical molecular imaging of cell death in cell cultures and animal models. Furthermore, it should be possible to substitute the deep-red fluorophore with alternative reporter groups that enable clinically useful, deep-tissue imaging modalities, such as MRI and nuclear imaging. PMID:24575875



The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 6 Finding Aid for Joseph Whiteside Diaries, 1899 ­ 1929 Image Credit: Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Archives) at Union Theological Seminary, New York

Salzman, Daniel


The search for new amphiphiles: synthesis of a modular, high-throughput library  

PubMed Central

Summary Amphiphilic compounds are used in a variety of applications due to their lyotropic liquid-crystalline phase formation, however only a limited number of compounds, in a potentially limitless field, are currently in use. A library of organic amphiphilic compounds was synthesised consisting of glucose, galactose, lactose, xylose and mannose head groups and double and triple-chain hydrophobic tails. A modular, high-throughput approach was developed, whereby head and tail components were conjugated using the copper-catalysed azide–alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. The tails were synthesised from two core alkyne-tethered intermediates, which were subsequently functionalised with hydrocarbon chains varying in length and degree of unsaturation and branching, while the five sugar head groups were selected with ranging substitution patterns and anomeric linkages. A library of 80 amphiphiles was subsequently produced, using a 24-vial array, with the majority formed in very good to excellent yields. A preliminary assessment of the liquid-crystalline phase behaviour is also presented. PMID:25161714

Feast, George C; Lepitre, Thomas; Mulet, Xavier; Conn, Charlotte E; Hutt, Oliver E



Retrieval of Images from a Library of Watermarks for Ancient Paper Identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionThe importance of electronic publishing, storage and distribution of documents is increasing and will have profoundimplications for our economy, culture and society. The multimedia digitalisation of libraries and the distribution of thecontents of museums is revolutionising these organisations and will make these resources available to a much wider audiencethan was previously possible.The main goal of our project is to develop

Christian Rauber; Peter Tschudin; Thierry Pun



Low mass companions searches using high dynamic range imaging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present results obtained with different adaptive optics systems (ADONIS, PUEO, NAOS), in either imaging or coronagraphic modes, in the frame of several surveys aimed at searching for very low mass stars and substellar objects around nearby M dwarfs as well as in young closeby associations. For the M dwarfs of the solar neighborhood, we have obtained a very accurate mass-luminosity relation that we can compare to the prediction of recent stellar structure models. We also present multiplicity statistics of M dwarfs (binary fraction, period and mass ratio distribution), which are crucial constraints for stellar formation scenarii. We also discuss results obtained on two young closeby associations, MBM12 and Tucana-Horologium.

Beuzit, J.-L.; Chauvin, G.; Delfosse, X.; Forveille, T.; Lagrange, A.-M.; Marchal, L.; Mayor, M.; Ménard, F.; Mouillet, D.; Perrier, C.; Ségransan, D.; Udry, S.


University of Washington Digital Library Initiatives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington Libraries present this collection of a dozen image databases created as part of an ongoing digital library program. There are ten collections of photographs from University of Washington Special Collections that include views of Seattle dated 1891 - 1940, Harriman's expedition to Alaska in 1899, the Klondike gold rush, and a photo album from 1925 promoting Mount Rainier National Park. There are also two image databases created in collaboration with other groups: 26 images of Jacob Lawrence paintings, with the Jacob Lawrence Catalogue Raisonne Project, and the Cities and Buildings Database, 5,000 architectural images, with the University of Washington Architecture Department. All of the databases use the CONTENT software suite developed by the Center for Information Systems Optimization (CISO) at the University of Washington, and so all have the same search interface regardless of the subject. Information about CONTENT is also available at the site.


National Marine Sanctuaries Media Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Marine Sanctuaries Media Library provides access to thousands of images and video clips that tell the story of "America's underwater treasures." On the homepage, visitors can look through the "Photo Galleries" to get a sense of what the site has to offer. There are six galleries here, and they include "Sea Lion Highlights", "Human Impact", "Fish Portraits", and "Scenic Beauty". Visitors looking for specific items can use the "Keyword" search feature and also take advantage of the "Video" search feature. This feature is quite detailed, as users can look through broad categories like "Birds", "Maritime Heritage", and "Plants". Additionally, visitors can look for media images that originate from specific Marine Sanctuaries sites, including Monterey Bay and the Florida Keys.


Arc-An OAI Service Provider for Digital Library Federation; Kepler-An OAI Data/Service Provider for the Individual; Information Objects and Rights Management: A Mediation-Based Approach to DRM Interoperability; Automated Name Authority Control and Enhanced Searching in the Levy Collection; Renardus Project Developments and the Wider Digital Library Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes five articles that discuss the OAI (Open Archive Initiative), an interface between data providers and service providers; information objects and digital rights management interoperability; digitizing library collections, including automated name authority control, metadata, and text searching engines; and building digital library services…

Liu, Xiaoming; Maly, Kurt; Zubair, Mohammad; Nelson, Michael L.; Erickson, John S.; DiLauro, Tim; Choudhury, G. Sayeed; Patton, Mark; Warner, James W.; Brown, Elizabeth W.; Heery, Rachel; Carpenter, Leona; Day, Michael



29 April 2013 Ask us: / Page 1 Special Education Resources @ Your Education Library  

E-print Network

netid/password. Children's Books Search QCAT. Click Advanced Search & select Education Library ­ Children's & Young Adult Books as Location. Use the Keyword Anywhere search strategy. For ex.: "tourette Education Library Search QCAT, the Library Catalogue, for books, videos, and for journal titles. Search our

Abolmaesumi, Purang


Fermilab Library projects  

SciTech Connect

Preprint database management as done at various centers -- the subject of this workshop -- is hard to separate from the overall activities of the particular center. We therefore present the wider context at the Fermilab Library into which preprint database management fits. The day-to-day activities of the Library aside, the dominant activity at present is that of the ongoing Fermilab Library Automation. A less dominant but relatively time-consuming activity is that of doing more online searches in commercial databases on behalf of laboratory staff and visitors. A related activity is that of exploring the benefits of end-user searching of similar sources as opposed to library staff searching of the same. The Library Automation Project, which began about two years ago, is about to go fully online.'' The rationale behind this project is described in the documents developed during the December 1988--February 1989 planning phase.

Garrett, P.; Ritchie, D.



Planning a new library in an age of transition: the Washington University School of Medicine Library and Biomedical Communications Center.  

PubMed Central

In an era of great technological and socioeconomic changes, the Washington University School of Medicine conceptualized and built its first Library and Biomedical Communications Center in seventy-eight years. The planning process, evolution of the electronic library, and translation of functions into operating spaces are discussed. Since 1983, when the project was approved, a whole range of information technologies and services have emerged. The authors consider the kind of library that would operate in a setting where people can do their own searches, order data and materials through an electronic network, analyze and manage information, and use software to create their own publications. Images PMID:2393757

Crawford, S; Halbrook, B



PMD2HD – A web tool aligning a PubMed search results page with the local German Cancer Research Centre library collection  

PubMed Central

Background Web-based searching is the accepted contemporary mode of retrieving relevant literature, and retrieving as many full text articles as possible is a typical prerequisite for research success. In most cases only a proportion of references will be directly accessible as digital reprints through displayed links. A large number of references, however, have to be verified in library catalogues and, depending on their availability, are accessible as print holdings or by interlibrary loan request. Methods The problem of verifying local print holdings from an initial retrieval set of citations can be solved using Z39.50, an ANSI protocol for interactively querying library information systems. Numerous systems include Z39.50 interfaces and therefore can process Z39.50 interactive requests. However, the programmed query interaction command structure is non-intuitive and inaccessible to the average biomedical researcher. For the typical user, it is necessary to implement the protocol within a tool that hides and handles Z39.50 syntax, presenting a comfortable user interface. Results PMD2HD is a web tool implementing Z39.50 to provide an appropriately functional and usable interface to integrate into the typical workflow that follows an initial PubMed literature search, providing users with an immediate asset to assist in the most tedious step in literature retrieval, checking for subscription holdings against a local online catalogue. Conclusion PMD2HD can facilitate literature access considerably with respect to the time and cost of manual comparisons of search results with local catalogue holdings. The example presented in this article is related to the library system and collections of the German Cancer Research Centre. However, the PMD2HD software architecture and use of common Z39.50 protocol commands allow for transfer to a broad range of scientific libraries using Z39.50-compatible library information systems. PMID:15982415

Bohne-Lang, Andreas; Lang, Elke; Taube, Anke



DXSoil, a library for 3D image analysis in soil science  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive series of routines has been developed to extract structural and topological information from 3D images of porous media. The main application aims at feeding a pore network approach to simulate unsaturated hydraulic properties from soil core images. Beyond the application example, the successive algorithms presented in the paper allow, from any 3D object image, the extraction of the

Jean-fran-cois Delerue; Edith Perrier



Direct Imaging Searches with the Apodizing Phase Plate Coronagraph  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The sensitivity of direct imaging searches for extrasolar planets is limited by the presence of diffraction rings from the primary star. Coronagraphs are angular filters that minimise these diffraction structures whilst allowing light from faint companions to shine through. The Apodizing Phase Plate (APP; Kenworthy 2007) coronagraph is a simple pupil plane optic that suppresses diffraction over a 180 degree region around each star simultaneously, providing easy beam switching observations and requiring no time consuming optical alignment at the telescope. We will present our results on using the APP at the Very Large Telescope in surveys for extrasolar planets around A/F and debris disk hosting stars in the L' band (3.8 microns) in the Southern Hemisphere, where we reach a contrast of 12 magnitudes at 0.5 arcseconds (Meshkat 2013). In Leiden, we are also developing the next generation of broadband achromatic coronagraphs that can simultaneously image both sides of the star using Vector APPs (Snik 2012, Otten 2012). Recent laboratory results showing the potential of this technology for future ELTs will also be presented.

Kenworthy, M.; Meshkat, T.; Otten, , G.; Codona, J.



Microbiology Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Microbiology Video Library offers a wide variety of downloadable images and short QuickTime movies. It includes an index of species pages, each with an image and movie, informative text page, and links to related books. A more extensive CD-library is available for purchase.

Alan Cann


The impact of complaint management and service quality on organizational image: A case study at the Malaysian public university library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Service failure frequently occurs. This affects customer expectations which lead to complaint. However, not all dissatisfied customers actually complain. Without customer feedback, it would be impossible for a company to know whether they needed a change for improvement. Thus, complaint management brings a learning experience to organization in order to provide better service. Therefore, it is important to identify customer dissatisfaction through a systematic complaint handling or management. The study proposes a model of systematic complaint management which applied to academic library as a tool of service recovery. As such, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the critical success factors of complaint management towards service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and the impact to organizational image at academic library. Three academic libraries have been identified and selected for this project, the Library of Tun Sri Lanang, UKM, UTeM and UNIMAS. Using the justice theory, this study investigates the perception of customers on complaint management in terms of outcomes they receive, procedures used by organization and interpersonal treatment. In this study, there are five factors of complaint management identified, which includes speed of recovery, management system, empowerment, culture and psychology and tangible compensation. A questionnaire was designed and used as the data gathering instrument. A total of 600 respondents participated in this study. Ten hypotheses were used to test the relationships between complaint management, service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and organizational image. To measure the construct relationships, Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach was used. The results show that management system (b = 0.210; p < 0.05) exerts the highest positive impact on service quality. It followed by psychology and culture (b = 0.188; p < 0.05), empowerment (b = 0.179; p < 0.05) and tangible compensation (b = 0.175; p < 0.05). However, the empirical results suggest that speed of recovery (b = -0.009; p > 0.05) do not influence service quality. The second part of this study uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to analyze and confirm the conceptual model proposed in this research. The result shows that all the values obtained in this study fits the data reasonably well.

Tan, Pei Kian; Mohd Suradi, Nur Riza; Saludin, Mohamad Nasir



XML in Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents examples of how libraries are using XML (eXtensible Markup Language) to solve problems, expand services, and improve systems. Part I contains papers on using XML in library catalog records: "Updating MARC Records with XMLMARC" (Kevin S. Clarke, Stanford University) and "Searching and Retrieving XML Records via the Web" (Theo van…

Tennant, Roy, Ed.


Microbe Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Microbe Library is a searchable microbiology portal provided by the American Society for Microbiology (ASM). The portal contains visual images and animations; curriculum activities for both classroom and laboratory; an articles section containing the tri-annual educational newsletter and annual educational journal, as well as feature articles from ASM News; and educational reviews and resources. The Microbe Library is linked directly to a recommended core curriculum for introductory microbiology education. Visual resources include access to over 300 images, animations, and videos. The posted classroom activities and laboratory exercises were developed by faculty at diverse institutions to improve instruction. They include inquiry-based field-tested materials, student-active learning activities, and ideas for projects or research approaches.


Exploring Library 2.0 on the Social Web  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Library 2.0 literature has described many of the possibilities Web 2.0 technologies offer to libraries. Case studies have assessed local use, but no studies have measured the Library 2.0 phenomenon by searching public social networking sites. This study used library-specific terms to search public social networking sites, blog search engines, and…

Brantley, John S.



Mountain West Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Formed as part of a consortium between universities, colleges, museums, and historical societies in Utah, Nevada, and Idaho, the Mountain West Digital Library contains dozens of digital collections whose content ranges far beyond that of the geographical area covered by the Mountain West region. On their homepage, visitors can learn about the "Featured Collection" and then browse all of the available collections via a list of partner institutions. All told, there are over 100 collections here, and visitors can search the entire archive for text, images, video, or audio clips. A couple of the collections should not be missed, including "Before Gaming: Las Vegas Centennial", which provides visual documentation of a (relatively) quiet Las Vegas before the emergence of gambling. Additionally, the Mormon publication "The Young Woman's Journal" provides insight into the lives of Mormon women in the early 20th century.


Library Software: Directory of Microcomputer Software for Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The availability of appropriate software for library applications is a continuing problem, and this directory is designed to reduce the frustration of librarians in their search for library software for a microcomputer by providing profiles of software packages designed specifically for libraries. Each profile describes the purpose of the program,…

Walton, Robert A.


Securing Digital Image Assets in Museums and Libraries: A Risk Management Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of threats to the integrity of digital image information can be identified when standard practices in museums and archives are examined. Systematic consideration of risk factors can inform the creation of procedures and application of security that works to guarantee the reliability and accuracy of digital image assets. (Author/AEF)

Beamsley, Teresa Grose



VisualRank: applying PageRank to large-scale image search.  


Because of the relative ease in understanding and processing text, commercial image-search systems often rely on techniques that are largely indistinguishable from text-search. Recently, academic studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of employing image-based features to provide alternative or additional signals. However, it remains uncertain whether such techniques will generalize to a large number of popular web queries, and whether the potential improvement to search quality warrants the additional computational cost. In this work, we cast the image-ranking problem into the task of identifying "authority" nodes on an inferred visual similarity graph and propose VisualRank to analyze the visual link structures among images. The images found to be "authorities" are chosen as those that answer the image-queries well. To understand the performance of such an approach in a real system, we conducted a series of large-scale experiments based on the task of retrieving images for 2000 of the most popular products queries. Our experimental results show significant improvement, in terms of user satisfaction and relevancy, in comparison to the most recent Google Image Search results. Maintaining modest computational cost is vital to ensuring that this procedure can be used in practice; we describe the techniques required to make this system practical for large scale deployment in commercial search engines. PMID:18787237

Jing, Yushi; Baluja, Shumeet



FaceTracer: A Search Engine for Large Collections of Images with Faces  

E-print Network

language queries such as, "men with mustaches," or "young blonde women," or even, "indoor photos of smiling based entirely on faces. Using simple text queries such as "smiling men with blond hair and mustaches for the query "smiling asian men with glasses," using (a) the Google image search engine and (b) our face search

Yang, Junfeng


WebSeer: An Image Search Engine for the World Wide Web1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the size of the World Wide Web and its inherent lack of structure, finding what one is looking for can be a challenge. PC-Meter's March, 1996, survey found that three of the five most visited Web sites were search engines. However, while Web pages typically contain both text and images, all the currently available search engines only index

Charles Frankel; Michael J. Swain; Vassilis Athitsos




E-print Network

FAST ADAPTIVE MAHALANOBIS DISTANCE-BASED SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL IN IMAGE DATABASES Sharadh Ramaswamy, clustering-based indexing technique for exact nearest-neighbor search that adapts to the Mahalanobis dis- tance with a varying weight matrix. We derive a basic prop- erty of point-to-hyperplane Mahalanobis

California at Santa Barbara, University of


Developing a Web Tool for Searching and Viewing Collections of High-Quality Cultural Images  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Searching for information and viewing visual representations of products in e-organisations is a common activity of the e-visitors to these organisations. For example, in e-museums, users are shown images or other visual information of the existing objects. The aim of this paper is to present a tool which supports the effective searching

Lazarinis, Fotis



Digital Libraries on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses digital libraries on the Internet. The resource repository hierarchy, consisting of two major paradigms, search engines (SEs) and digital libraries, is presented. SEs are classified into three categories: basic-SE, directory, and meta-SE. The following six major characteristics of a library are summarized: collection of data…

Sharon, Taly; Frank, Ariel J.


Simultaneous screening of targeted and non-targeted contaminants using an LC-QTOF-MS system and automated MS/MS library searching.  


Simultaneous high-resolution full-scan and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis using time of flight mass spectrometry brings an answer for increasing demand of retrospective and non-targeted data analysis. Such analysis combined with spectral library searching is a promising tool for targeted and untargeted screening of small molecules. Despite considerable extension of the panel of compounds of tandem mass spectral libraries, the heterogeneity of spectral data poses a major challenge against the effective usage of spectral libraries. Performance evaluation of available LC-MS/MS libraries will significantly increase credibility in the search results. The present work was aimed to evaluate fluctuation of MS/MS pattern, in the peak intensities distribution together with mass accuracy measurements, and in consequence, performance compliant with ion ratio and mass error criteria as principles in identification processes for targeted and untargeted contaminants at trace levels. Matrix effect and ultra-trace levels of concentration (from 50?ng?l(-1) to 1000?ng?l(-1) were evaluated as potential source of inaccuracy in the performance of spectral matching. Matrix-matched samples and real samples were screened for proof of applicability. By manual review of data and application of ion ratio and ppm error criteria, false negatives were obtained; this number diminished when in-house library was used, while with on-line MS/MS databases 100% of positive samples were found. In our experience, intensity of peaks across spectra was highly correlated to the concentration effect and matrix complexity. In turn, analysis of spectra acquired at trace concentrations and in different matrices results in better performance in providing correct and reliable identification. PMID:25230185

Herrera-Lopez, S; Hernando, M D; García-Calvo, E; Fernández-Alba, A R; Ulaszewska, M M



Meta-tag propagation by co-training an ensemble classifier for improving image search relevance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ever-increasing gigantic amount of images over the Web necessitates automatic schemes for meta-tagging content descriptions such as object categories. These meta-tags are essential to text-based image search engines to improve their search relevance. Traditional supervised scheme is not suitable for this task because it needs too much manual labelling efforts and yet is hard to scale to a large

Aayush Sharma; Gang Hua; Zicheng Liu; Zhengyou Zhang



"Mirror-image" manipulation of curdione stereoisomer scaffolds by chemical and biological approaches: development of a sesquiterpenoid library.  


The sesquiterpenoid curdione is one of the main bioactive components in the essential oil of Rhizoma Curcumae (Curcuma wenyujin, Curcuma phaeocaulis, and Curcuma kwangsiensis), which has been clinically used for the treatment of cancer in mainland China. Recently it was reported that natural curdione could be hydroxylated by Aspergillus niger and transferred to its corresponding curcumalactones under acidic conditions. Based on this study, the development of a sesquiterpenoid library through the "mirror-image" manipulation of bioactive (non)natural curdione scaffolds by chemical and biological approaches is presented herein. A. niger induced the hydroxylation of two pairs of curdione enantiomers, yielding the corresponding mirror-image hydroxylated curdiones. Simultaneously, the acid-mediated intramolecular "ene" rearrangements of these curdiones and hydroxylated curdione enantiomers yielded the corresponding mirror-image curcumalactones and hydroxylated curcumalactones. Among the 16 pairs of enantiomers obtained in this study, 23 compounds are new sesquiterpenoids. These curdione and curcumalactone derivatives are of particular interest, as they have the potential to be used as lead compounds and scaffolds in drug discovery. PMID:25679443

Qin, Bin; Li, Yuxin; Meng, Lingxin; Ouyang, Jingping; Jin, Danni; Wu, Lei; Zhang, Xin; Jia, Xian; You, Song



Virtual Finance Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Search Partners, a provider of executive financial search services, presents the Virtual Finance Library, a packed collection of links to financial sites. The main page of Virtual Finance Library contains general information including reference and dictionary sites, calculators and converters, and interesting links. The rest of the library is accessible via the table of contents on the left side of the screen. The Websites are organized by topic, geographic location, or subtopic. Each topic begins with a short introduction to the subject, several pages long, and most links are descriptively annotated.


The impact of images on user clicks in product search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product search engine faces unique challenges that differ from web page search. The goal of a product search engine is to rank relevant items that the user may be interested in purchasing. Clicks provide a strong signal of a user's interest in an item. Traditional click prediction models include many features such as document text, price, and user information. In

Sung H. Chung; Anjan Goswami; Honglak Lee; Junling Hu



Contextual hashing for large-scale image search.  


With the explosive growth of the multimedia data on the Web, content-based image search has attracted considerable attentions in the multimedia and the computer vision community. The most popular approach is based on the bag-of-visual-words model with invariant local features. Since the spatial context information among local features is critical for visual content identification, many methods exploit the geometric clues of local features, including the location, the scale, and the orientation, for explicitly post-geometric verification. However, usually only a few initially top-ranked results are geometrically verified, considering the high computational cost in full geometric verification. In this paper, we propose to represent the spatial context of local features into binary codes, and implicitly achieve geometric verification by efficient comparison of the binary codes. Besides, we explore the multimode property of local features to further boost the retrieval performance. Experiments on holidays, Paris, and Oxford building benchmark data sets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. PMID:24577195

Liu, Zhen; Li, Houqiang; Zhou, Wengang; Zhao, Ruizhen; Tian, Qi



Libraries Dean (James F. Williams II)  

E-print Network

Libraries Dean (James F. Williams II) Administration (John Culshaw) Access Services (Brice Austin) Budget/Finance (Shelley Joy) Imaging Services (John Culshaw) Libraries Information Technology (Rice & Services (Suzanne Larsen) Acquisitions (Charlene Kellsey) Archives (Bruce Montgomery) Business Library

Mojzsis, Stephen J.


UNESCO Library Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from UNESCO is offered as a resource for information on both worldwide libraries and issues and news related to librarianship, with an emphasis on "activities in the Organization's fields of competence such as education, sciences, culture and information." As with most portals, this metasite features annotated links organized by category and topic. In this case, they include library Websites (organized by type), library associations and networks, preservation and access initiatives, librarianship, education and training, and conferences and meetings (this section helpfully lists specific events). Other features include library news and a featured site on the main page, an internal search engine, and a free newsletter.


Semantic search log analysis: A method and a study on professional image search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing methods for automatically analyzing search logs describe search behavior on the basis of syntactic differences (overlapping terms) between queries. Although these analyses provide valuable insights into the complexity and successfulness of search interactions, they offer a limited interpretation of the observed searching behavior, as they do not consider the semantics of users’ queries. In this article we propose a

Vera Hollink; Theodora Tsikrika; Arjen P. de Vries



Detection and identification of 700 drugs by multi-target screening with a 3200 Q TRAP LC-MS/MS system and library searching.  


The multi-target screening method described in this work allows the simultaneous detection and identification of 700 drugs and metabolites in biological fluids using a hybrid triple-quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometer in a single analytical run. After standardization of the method, the retention times of 700 compounds were determined and transitions for each compound were selected by a "scheduled" survey MRM scan, followed by an information-dependent acquisition using the sensitive enhanced product ion scan of a Q TRAP hybrid instrument. The identification of the compounds in the samples analyzed was accomplished by searching the tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) spectra against the library we developed, which contains electrospray ionization-MS/MS spectra of over 1,250 compounds. The multi-target screening method together with the library was included in a software program for routine screening and quantitation to achieve automated acquisition and library searching. With the help of this software application, the time for evaluation and interpretation of the results could be drastically reduced. This new multi-target screening method has been successfully applied for the analysis of postmortem and traffic offense samples as well as proficiency testing, and complements screening with immunoassays, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and liquid chromatography-diode-array detection. Other possible applications are analysis in clinical toxicology (for intoxication cases), in psychiatry (antidepressants and other psychoactive drugs), and in forensic toxicology (drugs and driving, workplace drug testing, oral fluid analysis, drug-facilitated sexual assault). PMID:20127316

Dresen, S; Ferreirós, N; Gnann, H; Zimmermann, R; Weinmann, W



Basic Library Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to introduce students to the California State University at Long Beach Library. The first chapter discusses how to start searching for information--types of information sources, search strategy, choosing a topic and finding preliminary information, encyclopedias, and dictionaries. Topics related to catalogs and computers are…

Thomas, Joy


Visual search performance of patients with vision impairment: Effect of JPEG image enhancement  

PubMed Central

Purpose To measure natural image search performance in patients with central vision impairment. To evaluate the performance effect for a JPEG based image enhancement technique using the visual search task. Method 150 JPEG images were presented on a touch screen monitor in either an enhanced or original version to 19 patients (visual acuity 0.4 to 1.2 logMAR, 6/15 to 6/90, 20/50 to 20/300) and 7 normally sighted controls (visual acuity ?0.12 to 0.1 logMAR, 6/4.5 to 6/7.5, 20/15 to 20/25). Each image fell into one of three categories: faces, indoors, and collections. The enhancement was realized by moderately boosting a mid-range spatial frequency band in the discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients of the image luminance component. Participants pointed to an object in a picture that matched a given target displayed at the upper-left corner of the monitor. Search performance was quantified by the percentage of correct responses, the median search time of correct responses, and an “integrated performance” measure – the area under the curve of cumulative correct response rate over search time. Results Patients were able to perform the search tasks but their performance was substantially worse than the controls. Search performances for the 3 image categories were significantly different (p?0.001) for all the participants, with searching for faces being the most difficult. When search time and correct response were analyzed separately, the effect of enhancement led to increase in one measure but decrease in another for many patients. Using the integrated performance, it was found that search performance declined with decrease in acuity (p=0.005). An improvement with enhancement was found mainly for the patients whose acuity ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 logMAR (6/15 to 6/38, 20/50 to 20/125). Enhancement conferred a small but significant improvement in integrated performance for indoor and collection images (p=0.025) in the patients. Conclusion Search performance for natural images can be measured in patients with impaired vision to evaluate the effect of image enhancement. Patients with moderate vision loss might benefit from the moderate level of enhancement used here. PMID:22540926

Luo, Gang; Satgunam, PremNandhini; Peli, Eli



3D model search and pose estimation from single images using VIP features  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a method to efficiently search for 3D models in a city-scale database and to compute the camera poses from single query images. The proposed method matches SIFT features (from a single image) to viewpoint invariant patches (VIP) from a 3D model by warping the SIFT features approximately into the orthographic frame of the VIP features. This significantly

Changchang Wu; Friedrich Fraundorfer; Jan-Michael Frahm; Marc Pollefeys



The application of evolutionary algorithms in the search of relevant statistical features of infrared images  

Microsoft Academic Search

A thermographic image can be a source of diagnostic information. This information can be obtained using a variety of image analysis methods. Unfortunately, informational noise resulting from the large number of features can cause problems with the efficient assessment of object state. There are, however, methods which allow one to search for relevant features useful in diagnostics. In this paper

Marek Fidali; Grzegorz Urbanek



WebSeer: A n Image Search Engine for the World Wide Web  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the size of the World Wide Web and its inherentlack of structure, finding what one is looking for can bea challenge. In fact, some of the most highly visited Websites are search engines. However, while Web pages typicallycontain both text and images, most currently availablesearch engines only index text. This paper describesWebSeer, a system for locating images on

J. Swain



Image search engine with selective filtering and feature-element-based classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the growth of Internet and storage capability in recent years, image has become a widespread information format in World Wide Web. However, it has become increasingly harder to search for images of interest, and effective image search engine for the WWW needs to be developed. We propose in this paper a selective filtering process and a novel approach for image classification based on feature element in the image search engine we developed for the WWW. First a selective filtering process is embedded in a general web crawler to filter out the meaningless images with GIF format. Two parameters that can be obtained easily are used in the filtering process. Our classification approach first extract feature elements from images instead of feature vectors. Compared with feature vectors, feature elements can better capture visual meanings of the image according to subjective perception of human beings. Different from traditional image classification method, our classification approach based on feature element doesn't calculate the distance between two vectors in the feature space, while trying to find associations between feature element and class attribute of the image. Experiments are presented to show the efficiency of the proposed approach.

Li, Qing; Zhang, Yujin; Dai, Shengyang



IGCS: Libraries and Library Resources for Chinese Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

China WWW Virtual Library--Internet Guide for China Studies (ICGS) Maintained by Matthias Kaun from Kiel University, Germany, this new addition to the China WWW Virtual Library: Internet Guide for China Studies offers detailed information on libraries in East Asia and East Asian libraries in general, and information in all fields of East Asian library resources available on the Internet. Users will find annotated links to libraries, library associations and book dealers in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Australia, the USA and Europe. Additional resources include links to journals and newsletters as well as notices of new conferences in the field. Future plans for the library annotations include information on their holdings, collecting priorities, and cataloging systems. The internal search engine covers both the Library section and the IGCS main site.


Los Angeles Public Library Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Los Angeles Public Library has thousands of photographs in its archives. Taken as a whole, the archives represent a thoroughly wonderful portrait of the Southland during the past century or so. First-time visitors should click on the Photo Collection Overview area to learn about the holdings here. One particularly noteworthy addition to the collection occurred back in 1981 when Security Pacific National Bank gave its collection of over 250,000 photographs to the people of Los Angeles. These images included 60,000 images from the Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce and images from the Hollywood Citizen News publication. Also, the collection includes over 2.2 million photographs from the defunct Los Angeles Herald Examiner, which ceased publication in 1989. Visitors to the site can search many of these photos online via the search engine, which includes fields where users can enter keywords, photographer, and year.



Radiographic imaging of the wrist  

PubMed Central

Imaging techniques play an important role in evaluating the complex anatomy of bone and soft tissues of the wrist. The standard wrist radiographs and specialized views still form a very important imaging modality to unravel the wrist pathology in their simplest forms. This article discusses the routine radiography of the wrist followed by ancillary views and dynamic studies for each of the routine view described that helps reveal both static and dynamic pathologies. The literature search was carried out using the search strings or key words, and the databases were searched using the time frame of 1990 to 2011 that included Scopus, MD consult, Web of Knowledge, Pub Med, Ovid Medline and Cochrane Library. The print journals and books available at Manipal University library were hand searched and secondary search was done for the relevant articles included in the references of primary articles. Full articles as well as abstracts were used for the review. PMID:22022028

Bhat, Anil K.; Kumar, Bhaskaranand; Acharya, Ashwath



A Fieldable-Prototype Large-Area Gamma-ray Imager for Orphan Source Search  

SciTech Connect

We have constructed a unique instrument for use in the search for orphan sources. The system uses gamma-ray imaging to "see through" the natural background variations that effectively limit the search range of normal devices to ~10 m. The imager is mounted in a 4.9- m-long trailer and can be towed by a large personal vehicle. Source locations are determined both in range and along the direction of travel as the vehicle moves. A fully inertial platform coupled to a Global Positioning System receiver is used to map the gamma-ray images onto overhead geospatial imagery. The resulting images provide precise source locations, allowing rapid follow-up work. The instrument simultaneously searches both sides of the street to a distance of 50 m (100-m swath) for milliCurieclass sources with near-perfect performance.

Ziock, Klaus-Peter [ORNL; Fabris, Lorenzo [ORNL; Carr, Dennis [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Collins, Jeff [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Cunningham, Mark F [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Habte Ghebretatios, Frezghi [ORNL; Karnowski, Thomas Paul [ORNL; Marchant, William [University of California, Berkeley



To use The CAT, visit the University Libraries' home page (  

E-print Network

To use The CAT, visit the University Libraries' home page ( and click on the link marked "The CAT." CAT Help pages: Click "Help" in the blue menu bar at the top of any CAT screen the Search button to begin your search. Sample Quick Search: Quick Guide to Searching The CAT #12;How Do I

Yener, Aylin


Creating Library Spaces: Libraries 2040.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that by 2004, the traditional public libraries will have ceased to exist and new, attractive future libraries will have taken their place. The Libraries 2040 project of the Netherlands is initiating seven different libraries of the future. The Brabant library is the "ultimate library of the future" for the Dutch province of…

Bruijnzeels, Rob


Digital Library for the Decorative Arts and Material Culture: Image and Text Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The decorative arts and material culture get their full due at this lovely online collection created by the University of Wisconsin's Digital Collections program. With generous funding from the Chipstone Foundation, the staff members at the Digital Collections program have digitized a variety of primary and secondary resources related to the decorative arts, with a particular focus on Early America. The materials offered here for consideration include items from the Chipstone ceramics and furniture collection and a number of important early documents, such as "The Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director" from 1754 and Humphry Repton's 1794 work, "Sketches and hints on landscape gardening". The site includes several dozens other works, and visitors can also look through all of the materials via a sophisticated search engine.


An adaptive image enhancement technique by combining cuckoo search and particle swarm optimization algorithm.  


Image enhancement is an important procedure of image processing and analysis. This paper presents a new technique using a modified measure and blending of cuckoo search and particle swarm optimization (CS-PSO) for low contrast images to enhance image adaptively. In this way, contrast enhancement is obtained by global transformation of the input intensities; it employs incomplete Beta function as the transformation function and a novel criterion for measuring image quality considering three factors which are threshold, entropy value, and gray-level probability density of the image. The enhancement process is a nonlinear optimization problem with several constraints. CS-PSO is utilized to maximize the objective fitness criterion in order to enhance the contrast and detail in an image by adapting the parameters of a novel extension to a local enhancement technique. The performance of the proposed method has been compared with other existing techniques such as linear contrast stretching, histogram equalization, and evolutionary computing based image enhancement methods like backtracking search algorithm, differential search algorithm, genetic algorithm, and particle swarm optimization in terms of processing time and image quality. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method is robust and adaptive and exhibits the better performance than other methods involved in the paper. PMID:25784928

Ye, Zhiwei; Wang, Mingwei; Hu, Zhengbing; Liu, Wei



An Adaptive Image Enhancement Technique by Combining Cuckoo Search and Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm  

PubMed Central

Image enhancement is an important procedure of image processing and analysis. This paper presents a new technique using a modified measure and blending of cuckoo search and particle swarm optimization (CS-PSO) for low contrast images to enhance image adaptively. In this way, contrast enhancement is obtained by global transformation of the input intensities; it employs incomplete Beta function as the transformation function and a novel criterion for measuring image quality considering three factors which are threshold, entropy value, and gray-level probability density of the image. The enhancement process is a nonlinear optimization problem with several constraints. CS-PSO is utilized to maximize the objective fitness criterion in order to enhance the contrast and detail in an image by adapting the parameters of a novel extension to a local enhancement technique. The performance of the proposed method has been compared with other existing techniques such as linear contrast stretching, histogram equalization, and evolutionary computing based image enhancement methods like backtracking search algorithm, differential search algorithm, genetic algorithm, and particle swarm optimization in terms of processing time and image quality. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method is robust and adaptive and exhibits the better performance than other methods involved in the paper. PMID:25784928

Ye, Zhiwei; Wang, Mingwei; Hu, Zhengbing; Liu, Wei



IR Principles for Content-based Indexing and Retrieval of Functional Brain Images  

E-print Network

in by blood flow, soon after, and this change will brighten the brain re- gion in the image. In a typical fIR Principles for Content-based Indexing and Retrieval of Functional Brain Images Bing Bai, Paul of a "library of brain images", which implies not only a repository of brain images, but also efficient search


USGS Digital Spectral Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The USGS Spectroscopy Lab posts, "Researchers at the Spectroscopy Lab have measured the spectral reflectance of hundreds of materials in the lab, and have compiled a spectral library. The library is used as a reference for material identification in remote sensing images." This site is still under construction but it contains detailed plots and sample descriptions (.gif).


Linkping University library Import from databases to RefWorks  

E-print Network

a selection of databases ACM Digital Library Cochrane Library EBSCOhost: Academic search premier, Business library, 581 83 LINKÃ?PING Tel: 013-28 10 00,, EBSCOhost

Zhao, Yuxiao


The ROYACS User Library.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main purpose with the ROYACS User Library is to provide ANA users at the Stockholm Observatory with suitable subprograms for data reduction of solar images. Other useful routines have also been included in order to improve the programming environment.

Löfdahl, M.


Improved sequential search algorithms for classification in hyperspectral remote sensing images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two new sequential search algorithms for feature selection in hyperspectral remote sensing images are proposed. Since many wavebands in hyperspectral images are redundant and irrelevant, the use of feature selection to improve classification results is highly needed. First, we present a new generalized steepest ascent (GSA) feature selection technique that improves upon the prior steepest ascent algorithm by selecting a better starting search point and performing a more thorough search. It is guaranteed to provide solutions that equal or exceed those of the classical sequential forward floating selection algorithm. However, when the number of available wavebands is large, the computational load required for the GSA algorithm becomes excessive. We thus propose a modification of the improved floating forward selection algorithm which is more computationally efficient. Experimental results for two hyperspectral data sets show that our proposed algorithms yield better classification results than other suboptimal search algorithms.

Nakariyakul, Songyot



Linkping University library Import from databases to RefWorks  

E-print Network

references from a selection of databases ACM Digital Library Cochrane Library EbscoHost: Academic search: 013-28 10 00,, EBSCOhost (Academic search premier

Zhao, Yuxiao


British Library Newspaper Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Library Newspaper Library in Colindale has its catalog of over 50,000 newspaper and periodical title holdings online. Researchers planning a trip to Colindale can now look up titles and dates held in advance. Reservations for materials can even be made by telephone or email. The catalog is searchable by keyword and sorted by title, date, or place. Entries include place, main title, numbers, dates, shelfmark, dates held on microfilm, and other notes. The British Library Newspaper Library's holdings include "all UK national daily and Sunday newspapers from 1801 to the present; most UK and Irish provincial newspapers, some from the early 18th century onwards; [and] selected newspapers from around the world in western and Slavonic languages dating from the 17th century onwards."


Interacting with computers using images for search and automation  

E-print Network

A picture is worth a thousand words. Images have been used extensively by us to interact with other human beings to solve certain problems, for example, showing an image of a bird to a bird expert to identify its species ...

Yeh, Pei-Hsiu, 1978-



The Impact of Number of Query Words on Image Search Engines  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the impact of increasing number of query words on information retrieval effectiveness of image search engines is investigated. First of all, four popular search engines, namely Google, Yahoo, Msn, and Ask are selected. Then, forty queries are extracted from the list of Wordtracker and categorized in four groups as one-word, two-word, three-word and four-word queries. After every

Fuat Uluc; Erkan Emirzade; Yiltan Bitirim



Art Museum Image Consortium (AMICO)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

AMICO provides access to museum collection information online. AMICO provides access to museum collection information online. AMICO is a consortium of art museums in North America formed to increase access to cultural heritage by creating a digital library of images. A Thumbnail Catalog of museum images contributed in AMICO's first year is currently available for searching. AMICO offers both simple and advanced searches. AMICO's search screen is initially a little non-intuitive, since users must enter and select their terms, but once mastered, AMICO allows more precise searching than is usually possible with images. Users can search for American artworks about a particular subject, for example, or combine aspects such as genre or nationality for quite specific searches.


Bibby Library Gazette February 2012  

E-print Network

approximately 10,400 mes People looking for dental apps for smart phones and other devices visited the library's updated list of dental apps 7,119 mes The library was visited 23,765 mes Researchers from all over the world downloaded 2,258 historical dental images and documents from the library

Goldman, Steven A.


Discover your Library Medical Library  

E-print Network

as the Universities' Research Repository. This short guide offers a quick self-paced tour of the Gus Fraenkel MedicalDiscover your Library Medical Library Welcome to the Gus Fraenkel Medical Library. The Library desks. #12;6. Computers No booking needed. The Medical Library has access to the universi- ty wireless


TAFE NSW -Sydney Institute, College Libraries TAFE NSW -Sydney Institute College Libraries provide services,  

E-print Network

TAFE NSW - Sydney Institute, College Libraries TAFE NSW - Sydney Institute College Libraries link directly to the online TAFE NSW Library Network Catalogue (TAFEcat) to search for items in any of the Sydney Institute college libraries. 5 Easy Steps to apply

University of Technology, Sydney


University of Colorado Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library | IPHY2420: Fall 2011 2011nov10 1  

E-print Network

University of Colorado Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library | IPHY2420: Fall 2011 2011 to the General and Interdisciplinary databases: #12;University of Colorado Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library | IPHY2420: Fall 2011 2011nov10 2 Academic Search Premier Multi-disciplinary database

Stowell, Michael


An Iterative Framework for EEG-based Image Search: Robust Retrieval with Weak Classifiers  

PubMed Central

We revisit the framework for brain-coupled image search, where the Electroencephalography (EEG) channel under rapid serial visual presentation protocol is used to detect user preferences. Extending previous works on the synergy between content-based image labeling and EEG-based brain-computer interface (BCI), we propose a different perspective on iterative coupling. Previously, the iterations were used to improve the set of EEG-based image labels before propagating them to the unseen images for the final retrieval. In our approach we accumulate the evidence of the true labels for each image in the database through iterations. This is done by propagating the EEG-based labels of the presented images at each iteration to the rest of images in the database. Our results demonstrate a continuous improvement of the labeling performance across iterations despite the moderate EEG-based labeling (AUC <75%). The overall analysis is done in terms of the single-trial EEG decoding performance and the image database reorganization quality. Furthermore, we discuss the EEG-based labeling performance with respect to a search task given the same image database. PMID:23977196

Uš?umli?, Marija; Chavarriaga, Ricardo; Millán, José del R.



An iterative framework for EEG-based image search: robust retrieval with weak classifiers.  


We revisit the framework for brain-coupled image search, where the Electroencephalography (EEG) channel under rapid serial visual presentation protocol is used to detect user preferences. Extending previous works on the synergy between content-based image labeling and EEG-based brain-computer interface (BCI), we propose a different perspective on iterative coupling. Previously, the iterations were used to improve the set of EEG-based image labels before propagating them to the unseen images for the final retrieval. In our approach we accumulate the evidence of the true labels for each image in the database through iterations. This is done by propagating the EEG-based labels of the presented images at each iteration to the rest of images in the database. Our results demonstrate a continuous improvement of the labeling performance across iterations despite the moderate EEG-based labeling (AUC <75%). The overall analysis is done in terms of the single-trial EEG decoding performance and the image database reorganization quality. Furthermore, we discuss the EEG-based labeling performance with respect to a search task given the same image database. PMID:23977196

Uš?umli?, Marija; Chavarriaga, Ricardo; Millán, José Del R



Kohler Art Library: The Artists' Book Collection.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Kohler Art Library at University of Wisconsin-Madison presents this illustrated database that indexes roughly 760 titles from its collection of over 800 artists' books. The database can be searched by book title, creator's name, publisher, date, or subjects. Other search terms relate to types of book structures, bindings, medium/technique, and contributors. Each record in the database has either a short description of the book's contents or a complete transcription of the colophon, the short paragraph traditionally placed at the end of a book, that tells about its production. In addition, for slightly more than half the books, several images are included. For example, the colophon for From a housewife's diary, by Claire Van Vliet, states that the "covering is dish towels bound by James Bicknell", and the image included shows that the towels are red plaid.


The GC-tree: a high-dimensional index structure for similarity search in image databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new dynamic index structure called the GC-tree (or the grid cell tree) for efficient similarity search in image databases. The GC-tree is based on a special subspace partitioning strategy which is optimized for a clustered high-dimensional image dataset. The basic ideas are threefold: 1) we adaptively partition the data space based on a density function that identifies

Guang-ho Cha; Chin-wan Chung



Large Spectral Library Problem  

SciTech Connect

Hyperspectral imaging produces a spectrum or vector at each image pixel. These spectra can be used to identify materials present in the image. In some cases, spectral libraries representing atmospheric chemicals or ground materials are available. The challenge is to determine if any of the library chemicals or materials exist in the hyperspectral image. The number of spectra in these libraries can be very large, far exceeding the number of spectral channels collected in the ¯eld. Suppose an image pixel contains a mixture of p spectra from the library. Is it possible to uniquely identify these p spectra? We address this question in this paper and refer to it as the Large Spectral Library (LSL) problem. We show how to determine if unique identi¯cation is possible for any given library. We also show that if p is small compared to the number of spectral channels, it is very likely that unique identi¯cation is possible. We show that unique identi¯cation becomes less likely as p increases.

Chilton, Lawrence K.; Walsh, Stephen J.



Search Image Formation in the Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blue jays trained to detect Catocala moths in slides were exposed to two types of slide series containing these moths: series of one species and series of two species intermixed. In one-species series, detection ability increased with successive encounters with one prey type. No similar effect occurred in two-species series. These results are a direct demonstration of a specific search

Alexandra T. Pietrewicz; Alan C. Kamil



Binary and nonbinary description of hypointensity for search and retrieval of brain MR images  

E-print Network

Binary and nonbinary description of hypointensity for search and retrieval of brain MR images. In a previous study based on binary description of hypointensity in the brain, it was shown that brain iron accumulation shape provides additional information to the shape-insensitive features, such as the total brain

Yanikoglu, Berrin


A Search for PNe in Nearby Galaxies with SDSS Imaging Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the latest results from our project to search for new planetary nebulae in nearby galaxies using Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) imaging data. Our method is based on photometric criteria and can be applied to galaxies where PNe appear as point sources. We applied these criteria to the whole area of M31 as scanned by SDSS, detecting 130

Alexei Y. Kniazev; Eva K. Grebel; Daniel B. Zucker; Eric F. Bell; Hans-Walter Rix; David Marti´nez-Delgado; Hugh C. Harris



A Scatter Search Algorithm for the 3D Image Registration Problem ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Image registration has been a very active research area in the computer vision community. In the last few years, there is an increasing interest on the application of Evolutionary Computation in this fleld and several evolutionary approaches have been proposed obtaining promising results. In this contribution we introduce the use of an advanced evolu- tionary algorithm, Scatter Search, to solve

O. Cordon; S. Damas; J. Santamar


A case for query by image and text content: searching computer help using screenshots and keywords  

Microsoft Academic Search

The multimedia information retrieval community has dedicated extensive research effort to the problem of content-based image retrieval (CBIR). However, these systems find their main limitation in the difficulty of creating pictorial queries. As a result, few systems offer the option of querying by visual examples, and rely on automatic concept detection and tagging techniques to provide support for searching visual

Tom Yeh; Brandyn White; Jose San Pedro; Boriz Katz; Larry S. Davis



WCSTools 3.0: More Tools for Image Astrometry and Catalog Searching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For five years, WCSTools has provided image astrometry for astronomers who need accurate positions for objects they wish to observe. Other functions have been added and improved since the package was first released. Support has been added for new catalogs, such as the GSC-ACT, 2MASS Point Source Catalog, and GSC II, as they have been published. A simple command line interface can search any supported catalog, returning information in several standard formats, whether the catalog is on a local disk or searchable over the World Wide Web. The catalog searching routine can be located on either end (or both ends!) of such a web connection, and the output from one catalog search can be used as the input to another search.

Mink, Douglas J.


Google Scholar vs. Library Scholar  

Microsoft Academic Search

How does the content of Google Scholar, a.k.a. “Schoogle,” compare to that of subscription databases and the library catalog? Five sample research topics indigenous to undergraduate libraries were searched in Google Scholar, the College of Charleston online catalog, EBSCO's Academic Search Premier database, and a subject-specific subscription database. Points of consideration included document type, availability of full-text materials, local availability

Burton Callicott; Debbie Vaughn



U. S. Geological Survey Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) Library is the largest earth science library in the world. The library serves the research needs of USGS scientists throughout the nation and provides information to other organizations and individuals in the areas of geology, hydrology, cartography, biology, and related fields. USGS libraries are located in Reston, Virginia, Denver, Colorado, Menlo Park, California, and Flagstaff, Arizona. Some of the library holdings are available on-line, while others can be purchased from USGS, ordered via an interlibrary loan, or attained from one of the four library locations directly. The library home page provides links to search engines for USGS publications, photographs, maps, etc. Users can search various databases to find what they need. These databases include: the Geographic Names Information System database, the Minerals Information Collection, the National Geologic Map Database, and a database of purchased journals held by the library. Users can also search the library's catalog, and can post questions to a librarian via the Ask a Librarian link.


Library Site Finder MAIN LIBRARY  

E-print Network

Library Site Finder MAIN LIBRARY Burlington Street Tel: 0161 275 3751 THE ALAN GILBERT LEARNING COMMONS Oxford Road Tel: 0161 306 4306 ART & ARCHAEOLOGY LIBRARY Mansfield Cooper Building Tel: 0161 275 3657 BRADDICK LIBRARY School of Physics & Astronomy Brunswick Street Tel: 0161 275 4078 EDDIE DAVIES

Sidorov, Nikita


Protect your library's computers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe how malware can harm the library's computers, and how technology can be used to protect them, in a way that can be understood by the non-technical. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The searches encompassed articles and books on the issues of malware and technology-based code organisms. Findings – There were complex issues dealing

Martin Zimerman



Building the Learning Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational change and reform are tools for academic librarians to begin building learning libraries. Before beginning construction, however, librarians need answers to two practical questions: What does an ideal learning-centered approach to information literacy entail? Are model programs in place? Searching for those answers will prepare librarians to ride the wave of change from the periphery of the college experience

Kimberley M. Donnelly



Development of a Navigator and Imaging Techniques for the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search Detectors  

SciTech Connect

This project contributes to the detection of flaws in the germanium detectors for the Cryogenic Dark Matter Search (CDMS) experiment. Specifically, after imaging the detector surface with a precise imaging and measuring device, they developed software to stitch the resulting images together, applying any necessary rotations, offsets, and averaging, to produce a smooth image of the whole detector that can be used to detect flaws on the surface of the detector. These images were also tiled appropriately for the Google Maps API to use as a navigation tool, allowing viewers to smoothly zoom and pan across the detector surface. Automated defect identification can now be implemented, increasing the scalability of the germanium detector fabrication.

Wilen, Chris; /Carleton Coll. /KIPAC, Menlo Park



Enhanced Human Face Image Searching System using Relevance Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the problems of face recognition using sketch. All existing face sketch recognition systems focus on the sketch to mug shot matching. However, one of the key problems is that very often witness cannot reconstruct the sketch well. In turn, it does not look like the mug shot image. The performance of existing systems are greatly degraded. To

Pong Chi Yuen; C. H. Man



Botanical and Cultural Images of Eastern Asia, 1907-1927  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the library section of their website, the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University shows off their digitized collection of eastern Asian photographs taken by plant explorers and collectors from the early 20th century. Visitors can view a gallery of each explorer's images. Users can also search the image database by photographer, subject or plant name.


BSIFT: toward data-independent codebook for large scale image search.  


Bag-of-Words (BoWs) model based on Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT) has been widely used in large-scale image retrieval applications. Feature quantization by vector quantization plays a crucial role in BoW model, which generates visual words from the high- dimensional SIFT features, so as to adapt to the inverted file structure for the scalable retrieval. Traditional feature quantization approaches suffer several issues, such as necessity of visual codebook training, limited reliability, and update inefficiency. To avoid the above problems, in this paper, a novel feature quantization scheme is proposed to efficiently quantize each SIFT descriptor to a descriptive and discriminative bit-vector, which is called binary SIFT (BSIFT). Our quantizer is independent of image collections. In addition, by taking the first 32 bits out from BSIFT as code word, the generated BSIFT naturally lends itself to adapt to the classic inverted file structure for image indexing. Moreover, the quantization error is reduced by feature filtering, code word expansion, and query sensitive mask shielding. Without any explicit codebook for quantization, our approach can be readily applied in image search in some resource-limited scenarios. We evaluate the proposed algorithm for large scale image search on two public image data sets. Experimental results demonstrate the index efficiency and retrieval accuracy of our approach. PMID:25585420

Zhou, Wengang; Li, Houqiang; Hong, Richang; Lu, Yijuan; Tian, Qi



The Darlington Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Darlington Digital Library was created from the first major collection of books, manuscripts, and maps donated to the University of Pittsburgh. The lion's share of the credit for this collection goes to the attorney William M. Darlington, who was born in Pittsburgh in 1815. During his long life, Darlington collected items like John James Audubon's "Birds of America" and hundreds of lithographs, broadsides, and other items. The collection eventually found its way to the university in 1925, and this collection contains over 3,000 items from its holdings. Visitors can scan through the major sections here via the Atlases, Books, Broadsides, and Images areas. The Atlases area includes five gems, including the Novus Orbis Regio, which features North and South America as Simon Gyrnaeus imagined them in 1532. The Broadsides area is a real treat, containing a proclamation by President George Washington declaring February 19, 1795 as a "Day of Public Thanksgiving and Prayer." Finally, users can use the search engine to look for items of particular interest. [KMG



A Component Library Management System and Browser  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes a component library management system (LMS) that is implemented with the OCT database. The LMS consists of a user-extensible component library and, a browser that enables the user to search through component lists with the help of a graphical user interface. The LMS provides a query mechanism that allows the user to search for components by attributes

John Granacki; Zia Iqbal; Tauseef Kazi



Multi-scale saliency search in image analysis.  

SciTech Connect

Saliency detection in images is an important outstanding problem both in machine vision design and the understanding of human vision mechanisms. Recently, seminal work by Itti and Koch resulted in an effective saliency-detection algorithm. We reproduce the original algorithm in a software application Vision and explore its limitations. We propose extensions to the algorithm that promise to improve performance in the case of difficult-to-detect objects.

Slepoy, Alexander; Campisi, Anthony; Backer, Alejandro



Orbital Imaging Radar and the Search for Water on Mars  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The surface of Mars has been modified by a range of geologic processes, and many regions are mantled by varying depths of wind-blown dust, volcanic ash, and fluvially deposited or other water-lain sediments. We are proposing an orbital mission carrying a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) that can penetrate a significant depth of overlying material to reveal the detailed geomorphology as it relates to the changing fluvial, eolian, volcanic, and cratering history of Mars. Moreover, the data to be returned are of direct relevance to the search for past and present occurrences of liquid water, life, changing martian climate, and geologic history (e.g., origin of the northern plains, mechanisms for past and possible present valley formation, and genesis of widespread mantling deposits), the validation of potential landing sites for rover safety, and evaluation of sub-surface accessibility for drilling.

Campbell, B. A.; Campbell, D. B.; Grant, J. A.; Hensley, S.; Maxwell, T. A.; Plaut, J. J.; Rosen, P.; Shepard, M. K.; Simpson, R.



"Do Users Do What They Think They Do?"- A Comparative Study of User Perceived and Actual Information Searching Behaviour in the National Electronic Library of Infection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the last decade, the Internet has profoundly changed the delivery of healthcare. Medical websites for professionals and patients are playing an increasingly important role in providing the latest evidence-based knowledge for professionals, facilitating virtual patient support groups, and providing an invaluable information source for patients. Information seeking is the key user activity on the Internet. However, the discrepancy between what information is available and what the user is able to find has a profound effect on user satisfaction. The UK National electronic Library of Infection (NeLI, and its subsidiary projects provide a single-access portal for quality-appraised evidence in infectious diseases. We use this national portal, as test-bed for investigating our research questions. In this paper, we investigate actual and perceived user navigation behaviour that reveals important information about user perceptions and actions, in searching for information. Our results show: (i) all users were able to access information they were seeking; (ii) broadly, there is an agreement between "reported" behaviour (from questionnaires) and "observed" behaviour (from web logs), although some important differences were identified; (iii) both browsing and searching were equally used to answer specific questions and (iv) the preferred route for browsing for data on the NeLI website was to enter via the "Top Ten Topics" menu option. These findings provide important insights into how to improve user experience and satisfaction with health information websites.

Roy, Anjana; Kostkova, Patty; Catchpole, Mike; Carson, Ewart


DEA Multi-Media Drug Library  


... News Releases Speeches and Testimony Major Operations Multi-Media Library Micrograms Legislative & Legal Resources Events ESPAÑOL Contáctenos ... confidencial Liderazgo de la DEA Press Room » Multi-Media Library IMAGE GALLERY Drug Photos Amphetamines/Stimulants Khat ...


U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: National Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a rather impressive collection of images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video available at no charge. The items are all contained within twelve thematic sections, which include Migratory Birds, Connecting People with Nature, and International Affairs. Visitors will note that the sections contain a wide mix of items, all of which can be searched by format, date, creator, and so on. The site also contains a keyword search area that allows visitors to look for specific images, videos, or audio clips. It's worth noting that visitors can perform advanced searches and also make a list of their favorite items. The Landscape Conservation area shouldn't be missed, as it contains great photographs of people at work restoring natural habitats all around the United States.


Health sciences library building projects, 1998 survey.  

PubMed Central

Twenty-eight health sciences library building projects are briefly described, including twelve new buildings and sixteen additions, remodelings, and renovations. The libraries range in size from 2,144 square feet to 190,000 gross square feet. Twelve libraries are described in detail. These include three hospital libraries, one information center sponsored by ten institutions, and eight academic health sciences libraries. Images PMID:10550027

Bowden, V M



Fast Image Search with Locality-Sensitive Hashing and Homogeneous Kernels Map  

PubMed Central

Fast image search with efficient additive kernels and kernel locality-sensitive hashing has been proposed. As to hold the kernel functions, recent work has probed methods to create locality-sensitive hashing, which guarantee our approach's linear time; however existing methods still do not solve the problem of locality-sensitive hashing (LSH) algorithm and indirectly sacrifice the loss in accuracy of search results in order to allow fast queries. To improve the search accuracy, we show how to apply explicit feature maps into the homogeneous kernels, which help in feature transformation and combine it with kernel locality-sensitive hashing. We prove our method on several large datasets and illustrate that it improves the accuracy relative to commonly used methods and make the task of object classification and, content-based retrieval more fast and accurate.

Li, Jun-yi; Li, Jian-hua



Search for satellites near (21) Lutetia using OSIRIS/Rosetta images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On 2010 July 10 the ESA Rosetta mission flew by the large asteroid (21) Lutetia. One of the scientific goals of the onboard OSIRIS instrument was the search for satellites of the asteroid, with more than 20 images specifically dedicated to this topic. An observational campaign was devised with a selection of filters and exposure times tailored to maximize the possibility of detecting small companions and determining their bound orbits. Data were analyzed with suitable methods to remove cosmic ray hits and known background objects, in order to search for persistent detections of potential interesting flux sources. We found no unambiguous detections of a satellite larger than ˜160m inside the entire sphere of gravitational influence. Our search confirmed the absence of bound companions larger than ˜30m inside 20 primary radii. These limits are a factor of ˜30 smaller than the values reported so far from large ground-based telescopes using adaptive optics and from the Hubble Space Telescope.

Bertini, Ivano; Sabolo, Walter; Gutierrez, Pedro J.; Marzari, Francesco; Snodgrass, Colin; Tubiana, Cecilia; Moissl, Richard; Pajola, Maurizio; Lowry, Stephen C.; Barbieri, Cesare; Ferri, Francesca; Davidsson, Björn; Sierks, Holger; Osiris Team



Adaptive multi-objective archive-based hybrid scatter search for segmentation in lung computed tomography imaging  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a multi-objective clustering ensemble method for medical image segmentation. The proposed method is called adaptive multi-objective archive-based hybrid scatter search (AMAHSS). It utilizes fuzzy clustering with optimization of three fitness functions: global fuzzy compactness of the clusters, fuzzy separation and symmetry distance-based cluster validity index. The AMAHSS enables the search strategy to explore intensively the search space

Chin Wei Bong; Hong Yoong Lam; Ahamad Tajudin Khader; Hamzah Kamarulzaman



Keynote Talk: Mining the Web 2.0 for Improved Image Search  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are several semantic sources that can be found in the Web that are either explicit, e.g. Wikipedia, or implicit, e.g. derived from Web usage data. Most of them are related to user generated content (UGC) or what is called today the Web 2.0. In this talk we show how to use these sources of evidence in Flickr, such as tags, visual annotations or clicks, which represent the the wisdom of crowds behind UGC, to improve image search. These results are the work of the multimedia retrieval team at Yahoo! Research Barcelona and they are already being used in Yahoo! image search. This work is part of a larger effort to produce a virtuous data feedback circuit based on the right combination many different technologies to leverage the Web itself.

Baeza-Yates, Ricardo


A method to search for strong galaxy-galaxy lenses in optical imaging surveys  

E-print Network

We present a semi-automated method to search for strong galaxy-galaxy lenses in optical imaging surveys. Our search technique constrains the shape of strongly lensed galaxies (or arcs) in a multi-parameter space, which includes the third order (octopole) moments of objects. This method is applied to the Deep Lens Survey (DLS), a deep ground based weak lensing survey imaging to $R\\sim26$. The parameter space of arcs in the DLS is simulated using real galaxies extracted from deep HST fields in order to more accurately reproduce the properties of arcs. Arcs are detected in the DLS using a pixel thresholding method and candidate arcs are selected within this multi-parameter space. Examples of strong galaxy-galaxy lens candidates discovered in the DLS F2 field (4 square degrees) are presented.

Jeffrey M. Kubo; Ian P. Dell'Antonio



The Subaru SEEDS Imaging Search for Exoplanets Around High-Mass Stars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a status report on the Subaru SEEDS sub-program to search for extra-solar planets around high-mass (mostly A-type) stars. We describe the early-type star target sample, observing procedures, and early results, including the discovery of a new exoplanet. SEEDS, the Strategic Exploration of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru, is a multi-year, direct-imaging survey to explore the link between planets and disks, and the evolution of protoplanetary systems and debris disks. It is an international project approved by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ) and led by PI M. Tamura. The SEEDS team is comprised of over 25 institutes with more than 90 members participating. With first observations carried out in 2009, the high-mass star sub-program uses the Subaru 8-meter Telescope, a 188 actuator curvature AO system (AO188), and a near infrared imaging science camera (HiCIAO) to search for exoplanet signatures.

Kozakis, Thea; Stevens, L.; Carson, J.; Thalmann, C.; Janson, M.; Goto, M.; Henning, T.; Feldt, M.; McElwain, M. W.; Brandner, W.; Bonnefoy, M.; Biller, B. A.; Wong, P.; Kandori, R.; Tamura, M.; SEEDS Science Team; HiCIAO/AO188 Instrument Team



Performance characteristics of a visual-search human-model observer with sparse PET image data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As predictors of human performance in detection-localization tasks, statistical model observers can have problems with tasks that are primarily limited by target contrast or structural noise. Model observers with a visual-search (VS) framework may provide a more reliable alternative. This framework provides for an initial holistic search that identifies suspicious locations for analysis by a statistical observer. A basic VS observer for emission tomography focuses on hot "blobs" in an image and uses a channelized nonprewhitening (CNPW) observer for analysis. In [1], we investigated this model for a contrast-limited task with SPECT images; herein, a statisticalnoise limited task involving PET images is considered. An LROC study used 2D image slices with liver, lung and soft-tissue tumors. Human and model observers read the images in coronal, sagittal and transverse display formats. The study thus measured the detectability of tumors in a given organ as a function of display format. The model observers were applied under several task variants that tested their response to structural noise both at the organ boundaries alone and over the organs as a whole. As measured by correlation with the human data, the VS observer outperformed the CNPW scanning observer.

Gifford, Howard C.



An HST Imaging Search for Circumstellar Matter in Young Nebulous Clusters  

Microsoft Academic Search

HST imaging studies of the M42 and M16 HII regions have revealed circumstellar emission and absorption regions with sizes comparable to those expected for protoplanetary disks. In order to determine the uniqueness of these results, and to search for additional objects geometrically suggestive of disks, we observed four other young nebulous clusters with HST\\/WFPC2 during Cycle 5. Eight fields were

K. Stapelfeldt; R. Sahai; M. Werner; J. Trauger



Los Angeles Public Library: Fashion Plates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Fashionable sorts will appreciate this collection of historical fashion plates offered up by the Los Angeles Public Library. The collection includes over 6,200 hand-colored, finely detailed fashion illustrations produced between 1780 and 1880 for British and American fashion magazines. Visitors to the site can browse through the fashions of the time, and the entire collection is a rather remarkable way to explore the transitions between different periods of dress on both sides of the pond. There isn't a search aid per se, but visitors can use the search engine at the top of the page to look for items by keyword and the like. Additionally, visitors can zoom in on each image for a closer look.



Metric performance in similar blocks search and their use in collaborative 3D filtering of grayscale images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Similar blocks (patches) search plays an important role in image processing. However, there are many factors making this search problematic and leading to errors. Noise in images that arises due to bad acquisition conditions or other sources is one of the main factors. Performance of similar patch search might make worse dramatically if noise level is high and/or if noise is not additive, white and Gaussian. In this paper, we consider the influence of similarity metrics (distances) on search performance. We demonstrate that robustness of similarity metrics is a crucial issue for performance of similarity search. Two models of additive noise are used: AWGN and spatially correlated noise with a wide set of noise standard deviations. To investigate metric performance, five test images are used for artificially inserted group of identical blocks. Metric effectiveness evaluation is carried out for nine different metric (including several unconventional ones) in three domains (one spatial and two spectral). It is shown that conventional Euclidian metric might be not the best choice which depends upon noise properties and data processing domain. After establishing the best metrics, they are exploited within non-local image denoising, namely the BM3D filter. This filter is applied to intensity images of the database TID2008. It is demonstrated that the use of more robust metrics instead of classical ones (Euclidean) in BM3D filter allows improving similar block search and, as a result, provides better results of image denoising for the case of spatially correlated noise.

Rubel, Aleksey S.; Lukin, Vladimir V.; Egiazarian, Karen O.



Cathodoluminescence : an imaging technique for the search of extraterrestrial life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Solids irradiated by a 10-20 keV electron beam emit ligth in the UV-visible range, which is called cathodoluminescence (CL). CL imagery is a powerful tool for visualizing minerals and their internal structures (lattice defects, zoning). For example, terrestrial calcite, either of sedimentary or biogenic origin, often display a bright orange CL, as a result of the incorporation of trace Mn2+ in its lattice. Aragonite can also be discriminated from calcite by its green CL. Carbonates are a major target for the search of life on Mars, and CL imagery could contribute to reveal carbonates in situ. Thomas et al. [1] have validated the concept of an electron lamp to make CL imagery of a rock surface placed in a martian CO2 atmosphere. We present 2 examples of terrestrial bacterial microstructures that are revealed by CL. (1) In Sinemurian sediments from the Montmiral borehole (Valence Basin, France), banded wavy calcite in contact with pyrite represents fossilized biofilms of sulfato-reducing bacteria, as confirmed by the sulfur isotopic composition of pyrite ~+36 %0 PDB. (2) At l'Ile Crémieux, north of the Valence basin, a dense filamentous microbial/fungal community with a bright orange CL signature is embedded in vuggy calcite from a tectonic vein. The mat is anchored 1-2 mm deep in the oolitic veinwall and emerges at right angle in the 'open' fracture space. Finally, carbonate vesicles and exhalite crusts from the Svalbard basalt in Groendland, with orange CL, are shown as analogues to carbonates from the martian ALH84001 igneous meteorite. [1]Thomas et al. (2009) in A. Gucsik (Ed.) "Cathodoluminescence and Its Application in the Planetary Sciences"

Ramboz, C.; Rubert, Y.; Bost, N.; Westall, F.; Lerouge, C.



Dalhousie University Libraries Sexton Design & Technology Library  

E-print Network

1 Dalhousie University Libraries Sexton Design & Technology Library EEXXTTEERRNNAALL RREEVVIIEEWW Marilyn Berger, McGill University Library Jane Philipps, Queen's University Libraries Carolynne Presser, University of Manitoba Libraries RREEPPOORRTT IINNTTRROODDUUCCTTIIOONN Members of the Committee were asked

Brownstone, Rob


Visual-textual joint relevance learning for tag-based social image search.  


Due to the popularity of social media websites, extensive research efforts have been dedicated to tag-based social image search. Both visual information and tags have been investigated in the research field. However, most existing methods use tags and visual characteristics either separately or sequentially in order to estimate the relevance of images. In this paper, we propose an approach that simultaneously utilizes both visual and textual information to estimate the relevance of user tagged images. The relevance estimation is determined with a hypergraph learning approach. In this method, a social image hypergraph is constructed, where vertices represent images and hyperedges represent visual or textual terms. Learning is achieved with use of a set of pseudo-positive images, where the weights of hyperedges are updated throughout the learning process. In this way, the impact of different tags and visual words can be automatically modulated. Comparative results of the experiments conducted on a dataset including 370+images are presented, which demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach. PMID:22692911

Gao, Yue; Wang, Meng; Zha, Zheng-Jun; Shen, Jialie; Li, Xuelong; Wu, Xindong



Accessing Digital Libraries: A Study of ARL Members' Digital Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To ensure efficient access to and integrated searching capabilities for their institution's new digital library projects, the authors studied Web sites of the Association of Research Libraries' (ARL) 111 academic, English-language libraries. Data were gathered on 1117 digital projects, noting library Web site and project access, metadata, and…

Kahl, Chad M.; Williams, Sarah C.



How Scholars Work: Panning for Gold in Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do liberal arts scholars work? For example, where do they get their ideas? When beginning a research project, do they start with a Google search or the library's home page? How and when do scholars utilize libraries and library resources—especially library-funded databases? How has research changed since the advent of the World Wide Web? These are questions that the

Judith M. Nixon; Marianne Ryan



A Manual For Library Administrators and TWX Operators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is designed to facilitate the use of the Iowa Library Information Teletype Exchange (I-LITE) in participating libraries. It briefly describes I-LITE as a system designed to provide for a thorough search of the participating libraries' collections through the use of a public library wheel network and an academic wheel network. It then…

Schaumburg, Sheila, Ed.


National Agricultural Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are regular online agricultural libraries, and then there is the National Agricultural Library (NAL), with more working papers, fact sheets, and farm updates than ears of corn in a corncrib. This digital library, produced by the United States Department of Agriculture will be quite a boon to agriculture scholars, extension agents, and farmers alike. Designed to assist those who are unable to make a personal visit, the Library's website allows users to browse documents by subject (such as marketing and trade or livestock) and also ask actual librarians questions, via the site. Visitors will definitely want to look at the NAL Special Collections area, which features a number of rare agricultural books and guides, and the very nice pomological watercolor collection, which features images of apples, grapes, and pears.


University of Colorado at Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library Chinook On-Line Catalog and e-Resources  

E-print Network

University of Colorado at Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library 1 Chinook On all the time. Still in beta test. #12;University of Colorado at Boulder | University Libraries | Science Library 2 Full-text databases: Science Direct Web-based database that searches over 1800 Elsevier

Stowell, Michael


Library Automation: A Year on.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A follow-up interview with librarians from Hong Kong, Mexico, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand about library automation systems in their libraries and their plans for the future. Discusses system performance, upgrades, services, resources, intranets, trends in automation, Web interfaces, full-text image/document systems, document delivery, OPACs…

Electronic Library, 1997



Dewey Searches!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an activity for young children that helps them conduct subject searches using an automated system that allows customization of access to a library's collection. Explains a timed game that makes use of subject searching and word searching on the topic of dinosaurs. (LRW)

School Library Media Activities Monthly, 2000



CISC: Clustered Image Search by Conceptualization Kaiqi Zhao #1, Enxun Wei #1, Qingyu Sui #1, Kenny Q. Zhu #2  

E-print Network

"kiwi" on Google Image search engine we got a whole screen of images which are associated with the term "kiwi", according to Google (see Figure 1). However, the term "kiwi" refers to at least two different entities: kiwi the bird and kiwi the fruit. Google apparently doesn't distinguish between these two

Zhu, Kenny Q.


Advanced spectral imaging for noninvasive microanalysis of cultural heritage materials: review of application to documents in the U.S. Library of Congress.  


Hyperspectral imaging was originally developed for remote sensing and astronomical applications, but adaptations of this technology have been of great benefit to the preservation of cultural heritage. Developments in noninvasive analytical techniques have advanced the preservation of cultural heritage materials by enabling the identification and analysis of a range of materials, utilizing their unique spectral response to nondestructively determine chemical composition, and determining states of deterioration and change due to environmental conditions. When used as a tool for noninvasive characterization of cultural heritage, these spectral imaging systems allow the collection of chemical identification information about materials without sampling, which is a critical factor for cultural heritage materials. The United States Library of Congress has been developing the application of hyperspectral imaging to the preservation and analysis of cultural heritage materials as a powerful noncontact technique. It allows noninvasive characterization of materials, by identifying and characterizing colorants, inks, and substrates with narrow-band illumination to protect the object while also monitoring deterioration or changes due to exhibit and other environmental conditions. Contiguous illumination from the ultraviolet, visible, and infrared spectral regions allows the capture of lost, obscured, and deteriorated information. The resulting image cube allows greater capabilities for mapping and coordinating a range of complementary chemical and spectral analyses. The capabilities of this technique are illustrated by a review of results from analysis of the Waldseemüller World Map, the L'Enfant plan for Washington, D.C., and the first draft of the U.S. Declaration of Independence. PMID:21639977

France, Fenella G



The Library of Virginia: Confederate Disability Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia (last discussed in the November 20, 1998 Scout Report) has added to their digital collections materials of interest to a variety of researchers in American or Virginia history. Now available are the Confederate Disability Applications and Receipts collection features over 24,000 images from applications by Civil War veterans for artificial limbs and other disability benefits. This recent addition consists of digitized documents placed in a database that is searchable by three options: word or phrase, combination, and expert/boolean. Search returns offer basic information on each record, and users must follow the link at the bottom of the page to download the digitized images (in .tif format) of the record. A generic TIFF viewer for Windows 3.11/95 may be downloaded for free at the site.


Western Waters Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the earliest European explorers to the time of modern engineers and hydrologists, the vast reserves of water within the Western United States have been the cause of both great excitement and concern. This compelling digital library brings together a wide range of documents (including legal transcripts, water project records, and personal papers) that document the Columbia, Colorado, Platte, and Rio Grande river basins. The project was completed with support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services and twelve university libraries in eight western states. On the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches, or just elect to browse through the available materials. Browsing is a good option actually, as all of the materials are contained with one of four sections: subject, people, places, and signature collections. The signature collections are a real find, and visitors can look over troves that include "Native American Water Rights in Arizona", "The Platte River Basin in Nebraska", and "Las Vegas: Water in the West".



Enterprise Reference Library  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Introduction: Johnson Space Center (JSC) offers two extensive libraries that contain journals, research literature and electronic resources. Searching capabilities are available to those individuals residing onsite or through a librarian s search. Many individuals have rich collections of references, but no mechanisms to share reference libraries across researchers, projects, or directorates exist. Likewise, information regarding which references are provided to which individuals is not available, resulting in duplicate requests, redundant labor costs and associated copying fees. In addition, this tends to limit collaboration between colleagues and promotes the establishment of individual, unshared silos of information The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) team has utilized a centralized reference management tool during the development, test, and operational phases of this project. The Enterprise Reference Library project expands the capabilities developed for IMM to address the above issues and enhance collaboration across JSC. Method: After significant market analysis for a multi-user reference management tool, no available commercial tool was found to meet this need, so a software program was built around a commercial tool, Reference Manager 12 by The Thomson Corporation. A use case approach guided the requirements development phase. The premise of the design is that individuals use their own reference management software and export to SharePoint when their library is incorporated into the Enterprise Reference Library. This results in a searchable user-specific library application. An accompanying share folder will warehouse the electronic full-text articles, which allows the global user community to access full -text articles. Discussion: An enterprise reference library solution can provide a multidisciplinary collection of full text articles. This approach improves efficiency in obtaining and storing reference material while greatly reducing labor, purchasing and duplication costs. Most importantly, increasing collaboration across research groups provides unprecedented access to information relevant to NASA s mission. Conclusion: This project is an expansion and cost-effective leveraging of the existing JSC centralized library. Adding key word and author search capabilities and an alert function for notifications about new articles, based on users profiles, represent examples of future enhancements.

Bickham, Grandin; Saile, Lynn; Havelka, Jacque; Fitts, Mary



Petrucci Music Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Petrucci Music Library is an essential database for musicians, music librarians and teachers, as well as lovers of classical music. The online collection shares public domain music via a searchable interface. On the main page, visitors may search for works by composer (or composer's nationality), genre, time period, or melody. Searching by melody is particularly interesting, as it launches an interactive keyboard on which users may play (or, for those of us less musically inclined, attempt to play) a familiar melody in order to search the database for it. Some searches will yield YouTube clips of the music. The website also provides scans of sheet music from many composers, genres and world locations. [AHT



High Contrast Imaging: A New Frontier for Exoplanets Search and Characterization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The discovery of 51 Peg in 1995 initiated the search for extrasolar planets with radial velocity. Since then, more than 330 expoplanets have been discovered with this successful technique. After a more timid start, the search for extrasolar planets with the transit method has begun to collect very promising results (55 planets discovered up till now). COROT, Kepler, TESS and ground-based surveys will provide many more candidates in a short term future. Moreover, for a selected sample of transiting exoplanets it is already possible to probe their atmospheres. Although very successful, both these methods are sensitive to planets which orbit quite close to their parent star. High contrast imaging will be the new frontier for exoplanet search and characterization. This technique will provide the opportunity to explore planets with masses down to the earth mass and/or orbiting at larger separation from their parent star, especially in the habitable zone. The possibility to couple an integral field spectrograph to a module for extreme adaptive optics and a 8m class telescope (SPHERE for VLT and GPI for South Gemini) or in the future to ELTs (EPICS), will allow to characterize the atmospheres of the observed exoplanets with low resolution spectroscopy. Here we present the advantages and limits of the high contrast imaging technique to detect and characterize exoplanets in the short and long term future, expecially compared to the RV and Transit methods.

Claudi, R. U.; Bonavita, M.; Desidera, S.; Gratton, R.; Tinetti, G.; Beuzit, J.; Kasper, M.; Mordassini, C.



Libraries program  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Congress authorized a library for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in 1879. The library was formally established in 1882 with the naming of the first librarian and began with a staff of three and a collection of 1,400 books. Today, the USGS Libraries Program is one of the world's largest Earth and natural science repositories and a resource of national significance used by researchers and the public worldwide.



Linkping University library Import from databases to RefWorks  

E-print Network

references from a selection of databases ACM Digital Library Books24x7 Cochrane Library EBSCOhost: EBSCOhost Conduct your search and click on the relevant record title. Click on the Export icon from

Zhao, Yuxiao


Customizing your Google Scholar Settings University of Saskatchewan Library  

E-print Network

from the top of your Google Scholar screen before you enter your search terms. 3. Select Library Links screen, enter your search terms. 7. From your search results, choose Fulltext@UofSLibrary to view from the left side of the screen. 4. In the Library Links text box enter university of saskatchewan

Saskatchewan, University of


NOAA Photo Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) photo library contains thousands of images, divided into topical collections such as severe storms and weather (lightning, hail, tornados, clouds, Doppler radar), space (satellites, launches), undersea themes (coral, animals, coastlines, fisheries, marine sanctuaries), animals (polar bears, seals, walrus, birds, caribou, whales), flight, and historical images. The collections are browsable or searchable by keyword. The photos are downloadable and include date, photographer, and location, when available. Most also have a high-resolution version.


America's Star Libraries: Top-Rated Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Library Journal"'s national rating of public libraries, the "LJ" Index of Public Library Service 2009, Round 2, identifies 258 "star" libraries. Created by Keith Curry Lance and Ray Lyons and based on 2007 data from the IMLS, it rates 7,268 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three stars. All included libraries,…

Lance, Keith Curry; Lyons, Ray



New library buildings. Health Sciences Library, University of Cininnati.  

PubMed Central

The new Health Sciences Library at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center in Cincinnati, Ohio is described. The library is a self-contained unit within the Medical Sciences Building. The Health Sciences Library contains a total of 90,000 gross square feet, 56,000 of which are assignable. The total project cost was $5,490,000, or $61.00 per square foot. Seating capacity is over 800. The library has a Media Resources Center equipped with a cable television system that is used to project information from the library to patient care areas in the Cincinnati community. The library was first occupied in June 1974; its dedication was held in the fall of 1974. Images PMID:884348

Lorenzi, N M; Bentley, P W



ANU Library Navigating the ANU Library Website  

E-print Network

, theses, reference materials, etc. By entering your keywords and terms into the search box on the Library journal and newspaper articles, print and electronic books, websites, etc. Enter your search terms by subject basis, and can be accessed by searching the Library catalogue, e-journal and e-resources databases


30 April 2012 Ask us: / Page 1 Special Education Resources @ Your Education Library  

E-print Network

:// Browse the Subject Classification: especially Education of Children with Special Needs Books & E-Books set" or poster?) and topic CDs: disc topic Children's Books Search QCAT. Click Advanced Search & select Education Library ­ Children's & Young Adult Books as Location. Use the Keyword Anywhere search

Ellis, Randy


Conducting a Web Search.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Keyword and text string searches of online library catalogs often provide different results according to library and database used and depending upon how books and journals are indexed. For this reason, online databases such as ERIC often provide tutorials and recommendations for searching their site, such as how to use Boolean search strategies.…

Miller-Whitehead, Marie


Integrating the digital library puzzle: The library without walls at Los Alamos  

SciTech Connect

Current efforts at the Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), to develop digital library services are described. A key principle of LANL`s approach to delivering library information is the integration of products into a common interface and the use of the Web as the medium of service provision. Products described include science databases such as the SciSearch at LANL and electronic journals. Project developments described have significant ramifications for delivering library services over the Internet.

Luce, R.E.



A Library for Doing Polyhedral Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and implementation of a library of C-code procedures to perform operations on rational polyhedra is described. The library supports intersection, union, difference, simplification in context, convex hull, affine image, affine preimage, and computation of dual forms. Since not all of these functions are closed over polyhedra, the library is extended to operate on finite unions of polyhedra. The




Public Library Adult Learning Center Renewal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors explore a module that involves administrative collaboration among public and academic libraries in Oklahoma. Specifically, the paper looks at public libraries and their potential as educational and career centers. The concept of these centers, if carried to fruition, will change the image of public libraries from recreational and referral centers to centers for the delivery of higher education.

Sylvia Faibisoff; Deborah Willis



Library Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook, designed for a Library Research course at Yavapai College, provides 15 lessons in advanced library reference skills. Each lesson provides explanatory text and reinforcement exercises. After Lesson I introduces specialized dictionaries and encyclopedias (e.g., for foreign languages, medicine, music, economics, social sciences, and…

Wright, Nancy Kirkpatrick


Privatizing Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This timely special report from ALA Editions provides a succinct but comprehensive overview of the "privatization" of public libraries. It provides a history of the trend of local and state governments privatizing public services and assets, and then examines the history of public library privatization right up to the California legislation…

Jerrard, Jane; Bolt, Nancy; Strege, Karen



Macintoshed Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributed by librarians from public, academic, school, and special libraries, the 17 essays in this collection describe ways in which the Apple Macintosh is used in their libraries: (1) "Workstations and the Apple Macintosh" (Edward J. Valauskas); (2) "The Macintosh Experience at Chesapeake College" (Liz Cooper); (3) "ANSEL Character Set for the…

Valauskas, Edward J., Ed.; John, Nancy R., Ed.


Electronic biomedical literature search for budding researcher.  


Search for specific and well defined literature related to subject of interest is the foremost step in research. When we are familiar with topic or subject then we can frame appropriate research question. Appropriate research question is the basis for study objectives and hypothesis. The Internet provides a quick access to an overabundance of the medical literature, in the form of primary, secondary and tertiary literature. It is accessible through journals, databases, dictionaries, textbooks, indexes, and e-journals, thereby allowing access to more varied, individualised, and systematic educational opportunities. Web search engine is a tool designed to search for information on the World Wide Web, which may be in the form of web pages, images, information, and other types of files. Search engines for internet-based search of medical literature include Google, Google scholar, Scirus, Yahoo search engine, etc., and databases include MEDLINE, PubMed, MEDLARS, etc. Several web-libraries (National library Medicine, Cochrane, Web of Science, Medical matrix, Emory libraries) have been developed as meta-sites, providing useful links to health resources globally. A researcher must keep in mind the strengths and limitations of a particular search engine/database while searching for a particular type of data. Knowledge about types of literature, levels of evidence, and detail about features of search engine as available, user interface, ease of access, reputable content, and period of time covered allow their optimal use and maximal utility in the field of medicine. Literature search is a dynamic and interactive process; there is no one way to conduct a search and there are many variables involved. It is suggested that a systematic search of literature that uses available electronic resource effectively, is more likely to produce quality research. PMID:24179937

Thakre, Subhash B; Thakre S, Sushama S; Thakre, Amol D



Searches for galaxies at z > 4 through Lyman-limit imaging  

E-print Network

We present preliminary results of a search for galaxies at z>4 through Lyman-limit imaging of the fields of known high-redshift radio-galaxies. Objects were selected by means of their broad-band colours, and spectroscopy of candidate objects in one of the fields has been performed through multi-slit spectroscopy at the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope. These spectra show some of the first z>4 galaxies to be identified using the Lyman break technique.

Robin Stevens; Mark Lacy; Steve Rawlings



Los Angeles Public Library: Electronic Neighborhood  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many urban public library systems across the United States have accumulated large troves of paper ephemera over the years, and the Los Angeles Public Library system is no exception. Funded by a grant from the California State Library, the Fletcher Jones Foundation, and the John Randolph Haynes and Dora Haynes Foundation, the Electronic Neighborhood allows the internet-browsing public access to a number of these documents. The database located here includes a large collection of photographs documenting the city's development, a collection of restaurant menus, and an index to fiction works that take place in and around California. The photo database contains over 2.5 million archival records, and a number of thematic online photo exhibits, including ones that document the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics and golf in Hollywood. The menu database is particularly fascinating, as users can search for a number of restaurant menus from the past century. While not all of the records include scanned menu images, a number of them are already available, such as those from the now-defunct Brown Derby.


OCLC Online Computer Library Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

OCLC Online Computer Library Center is a nonprofit computer library service and research organization whose computer network and services link more than 18,000 libraries in 61 countries and territories. OCLC now has a World-Wide Web server providing information about OCLC and its products and services, including product information, research results, documentation about how to use OCLC services, and electronic forms. In 1995, the server will provide links to OCLC Electronic Journals Online and the FirstSearch service, for subscribers to these reference services.


University of Hawai'i at Manoa Libraries Special Collections: Digital Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the University of Hawai'i System Libraries, this site contains three collections of digitized images. The first features images of Hawaiian language newspapers published from 1834 to 1948. They include stories, photos, advertisements, letters to the editor, and other content. The quality of images varies. The second collection comes from the Hawai'i War Records Depository (HWRD), and in addition to the photos, this section also provides information on the holdings of the HWRD, contact information, and a link to an online catalog. The third, and largest, collection includes approximately 8,000 images from the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) archives. The photos are browsed by "reel" number and are offered as large thumbnails with links to full-size JPEG or TIFF images. The photos may also be keyword searched using an internal search engine. Links to further information about the four separate, self-governing districts that once composed the TTPI are also provided.


The optimal code searching method with an improved criterion of coded exposure for remote sensing image restoration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coded exposure photography makes the motion de-blurring a well-posed problem. The integration pattern of light is modulated using the method of coded exposure by opening and closing the shutter within the exposure time, changing the traditional shutter frequency spectrum into a wider frequency band in order to preserve more image information in frequency domain. The searching method of optimal code is significant for coded exposure. In this paper, an improved criterion of the optimal code searching is proposed by analyzing relationship between code length and the number of ones in the code, considering the noise effect on code selection with the affine noise model. Then the optimal code is obtained utilizing the method of genetic searching algorithm based on the proposed selection criterion. Experimental results show that the time consuming of searching optimal code decreases with the presented method. The restoration image is obtained with better subjective experience and superior objective evaluation values.

He, Lirong; Cui, Guangmang; Feng, Huajun; Xu, Zhihai; Li, Qi; Chen, Yueting



Dean of Libraries/University Director Library  

E-print Network

Dean of Libraries/University Librarian Director Library Information Systems Director Communications Senior Director Assistant Dean Development Syracuse University Libraries Functional Organizational Chart Librarians and Professionals April 2013 4/25/2013 Syracuse University Libraries Org Chart 1 #12;

McConnell, Terry


Health sciences library building projects: 1994 survey.  

PubMed Central

Designing and building new or renovated space is time consuming and requires politically sensitive discussions concerning a number of both long-term and immediate planning issues. The Medical Library Association's fourth annual survey of library building projects identified ten health sciences libraries that are planning, expanding, or constructing new facilities. Two projects are in predesign stages, four represent new construction, and four involve renovations to existing libraries. The Texas Medical Association Library, the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre Library, and the Northwestern University Galter Health Sciences Library illustrate how these libraries are being designed for the future and take into account areas of change produced by new information technologies, curricular trends, and new ways to deliver library services. Images PMID:7599586

Ludwig, L



Lesion search and recognition by thymine DNA glycosylase revealed by single molecule imaging  

PubMed Central

The ability of DNA glycosylases to rapidly and efficiently detect lesions among a vast excess of nondamaged DNA bases is vitally important in base excision repair (BER). Here, we use single molecule imaging by atomic force microscopy (AFM) supported by a 2-aminopurine fluorescence base flipping assay to study damage search by human thymine DNA glycosylase (hTDG), which initiates BER of mutagenic and cytotoxic G:T and G:U mispairs in DNA. Our data reveal an equilibrium between two conformational states of hTDG–DNA complexes, assigned as search complex (SC) and interrogation complex (IC), both at target lesions and undamaged DNA sites. Notably, for both hTDG and a second glycosylase, hOGG1, which recognizes structurally different 8-oxoguanine lesions, the conformation of the DNA in the SC mirrors innate structural properties of their respective target sites. In the IC, the DNA is sharply bent, as seen in crystal structures of hTDG lesion recognition complexes, which likely supports the base flipping required for lesion identification. Our results support a potentially general concept of sculpting of glycosylases to their targets, allowing them to exploit the energetic cost of DNA bending for initial lesion sensing, coupled with continuous (extrahelical) base interrogation during lesion search by DNA glycosylases. PMID:25712093

Buechner, Claudia N.; Maiti, Atanu; Drohat, Alexander C.; Tessmer, Ingrid



Lesion search and recognition by thymine DNA glycosylase revealed by single molecule imaging.  


The ability of DNA glycosylases to rapidly and efficiently detect lesions among a vast excess of nondamaged DNA bases is vitally important in base excision repair (BER). Here, we use single molecule imaging by atomic force microscopy (AFM) supported by a 2-aminopurine fluorescence base flipping assay to study damage search by human thymine DNA glycosylase (hTDG), which initiates BER of mutagenic and cytotoxic G:T and G:U mispairs in DNA. Our data reveal an equilibrium between two conformational states of hTDG-DNA complexes, assigned as search complex (SC) and interrogation complex (IC), both at target lesions and undamaged DNA sites. Notably, for both hTDG and a second glycosylase, hOGG1, which recognizes structurally different 8-oxoguanine lesions, the conformation of the DNA in the SC mirrors innate structural properties of their respective target sites. In the IC, the DNA is sharply bent, as seen in crystal structures of hTDG lesion recognition complexes, which likely supports the base flipping required for lesion identification. Our results support a potentially general concept of sculpting of glycosylases to their targets, allowing them to exploit the energetic cost of DNA bending for initial lesion sensing, coupled with continuous (extrahelical) base interrogation during lesion search by DNA glycosylases. PMID:25712093

Buechner, Claudia N; Maiti, Atanu; Drohat, Alexander C; Tessmer, Ingrid



Development of a handheld bistatic imaging sonar system for underwater search and survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A high resolution, handheld imaging sonar system is under development by Teratech Corporation for the U.S. Navy. This is a 192 channel, dual frequency bistatic sonar for Navy divers performing search and survey missions for underwater explosives. Our goal is to provide the most compact and energy efficient imaging system for the divers. The system consists of a self-contained handheld unit and a head mounted display integrated into the divers mask. The low power and small volume are a result of the development of Teratechs Charge Domain Processing (CDP) technology. This technology has led to the development of a low power 64-channel beamformer chip. As a result, only three beamformer chips will be required for the 192 channels. Until now, the implementation of small, low power sonar systems containing this many elements and forming enough beams to create an image was considered impossible. Progress in the development of this product will be presented. In-water testing is planned for late summer 2003. Experimental results and test images available will be presented at the conference. [Work sponsored by ONR and OSD Small Business Innovative Research Program, Program manager, Mr. Bruce Johnson, Naval Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technology Division.

Chiang, Alice; Broadstone, Steven; Impagliazzo, John



Engineering Library Guidance  

E-print Network

Science & Engineering Library Library Guidance April 2014 1 #12;Contents 1 Overview of Waseda University Library 2 Science & Engineering Library and the Student Reading Room 3 WINE: Waseda's Library Catalog3 WINE: Waseda's Library Catalog 4 Library Services 5 Notes 2 #12;How many libraries

Kaji, Hajime


[The Presidential Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are seven Presidential libraries in various states of existence, from quite active to proposed: (1) Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, (2) Harry S. Truman Library, (3) Herbert Hoover Library, (4) Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, (5) John F. Kennedy Memorial Library (6) Lyndon B. Johnson Library and (7) Rutherford B. Hayes Memorial Library. Each…

Webb, John


Olfactory search-image use by a mosquito-eating predator  

PubMed Central

By choosing blood-carrying mosquitoes as prey, Evarcha culicivora, an East African salticid spider, specializes at feeding indirectly on vertebrate blood. It also has an exceptionally complex mate-choice system. An earlier study revealed that search-image use assists E. culicivora in finding prey and mates when restricted to using vision alone. Here we show that search-image use assists E. culicivora in finding prey and mates when restricted to using olfaction alone. After being primed with prey odour or mate odour (control: not primed with odour), spiders were transferred to an olfactometer designed to test ability to find a prey-odour or mate-odour source that was either ‘cryptic’ (i.e. accompanied by a masking odour source, Lantana camara) or ‘conspicuous’ (no L. camara odour). When tested with conspicuous odour, the identity of the priming odour had no significant effect on how many spiders found the odour source. However, when tested with cryptic odour, significantly more spiders found the odour source when primed with congruent odour and significantly fewer spiders found the odour source when primed with incongruent odour. PMID:20504813

Cross, Fiona R.; Jackson, Robert R.



Searching for Our Faintest Neighbors: Deep Imaging of Candidate Milky Way Dwarf Galaxy Satellites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The census of faint galaxy satellites around the Milky Way is far from complete. We have systematically searched the RCS2 imaging survey and identified candidates for ultra-faint Milky Way galaxies at larger distances than previously explored. The RCS2 survey covers 750 sq degrees to a limiting magnitude of r~24, two magnitudes below the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in which all the known ultra-faint galaxies have so far been detected. We identify two promising ultra-faint candidates which appear to lie between 400 kpc < d < 800 kpc based on the presence of red giant branch (RGB) stars. We propose Gemini-N GMOS and NIRI imaging in g, r, and J to confirm each candidate by revealing its stellar sequence down the RGB. Two optical and one near- infrared filters are required to distinguish a low-surface brightness stellar population from the sea of unresolved galaxies at faint magnitudes. If confirmed, these will be the first Milky Way ultra-faint galaxies discovered outside of SDSS data, and will be the most distant of these low luminosity systems. If ruled out, these observations will inform our ongoing and future searches of deep, wide-field data for Milky Way satellites.

Fadely, Ross; Willman, Beth; Geha, Marla



Olfactory search-image use by a mosquito-eating predator.  


By choosing blood-carrying mosquitoes as prey, Evarcha culicivora, an East African salticid spider, specializes at feeding indirectly on vertebrate blood. It also has an exceptionally complex mate-choice system. An earlier study revealed that search-image use assists E. culicivora in finding prey and mates when restricted to using vision alone. Here we show that search-image use assists E. culicivora in finding prey and mates when restricted to using olfaction alone. After being primed with prey odour or mate odour (control: not primed with odour), spiders were transferred to an olfactometer designed to test ability to find a prey-odour or mate-odour source that was either 'cryptic' (i.e. accompanied by a masking odour source, Lantana camara) or 'conspicuous' (no L. camara odour). When tested with conspicuous odour, the identity of the priming odour had no significant effect on how many spiders found the odour source. However, when tested with cryptic odour, significantly more spiders found the odour source when primed with congruent odour and significantly fewer spiders found the odour source when primed with incongruent odour. PMID:20504813

Cross, Fiona R; Jackson, Robert R



Genome Clone Libraries and Data from the Integrated Molecular Analysis of Genomes and their Expression (I.M.A.G.E.) Consortium  

DOE Data Explorer

The I.M.A.G.E. Consortium was initiated in 1993 by four academic groups on a collaborative basis after informal discussions led to a common vision of how to achieve an important goal in the study of the human genome: the Integrated Molecular Analysis of Genomes and their Expression Consortium's primary goal is to create arrayed cDNA libraries and associated bioinformatics tools, and make them publicly available to the research community. The primary organisms of interest include intensively studied mammalian species, including human, mouse, rat and non-human primate species. The Consortium has also focused on several commonly studied model organisms; as part of this effort it has arrayed cDNAs from zebrafish, and Fugu (pufferfish) as well as Xenopus laevis and X. tropicalis (frog). Utilizing high speed robotics, over nine million individual cDNA clones have been arrayed into 384-well microtiter plates, and sufficient replicas have been created to distribute copies both to sequencing centers and to a network of five distributors located worldwide. The I.M.A.G.E. Consortium represents the world's largest public cDNA collection, and works closely with the National Institutes of Health's Mammalian Gene Collection(MGC) to help it achieve its goal of creating a full-length cDNA clone for every human and mouse gene. I.M.A.G.E. is also a member of the ORFeome Collaboration, working to generate a complete set of expression-ready open reading frame clones representing each human gene. Custom informatics tools have been developed in support of these projects to better allow the research community to select clones of interest and track and collect all data deposited into public databases about those clones and their related sequences. I.M.A.G.E. clones are publicly available, free of any royalties, and may be used by anyone agreeing with the Consortium's guidelines.


Mapping of low-frequency chimeric yeast artificial chromosome libraries from human chromosomes 16 and 21 by fluorescence in situ hybridization and quantitative image analysis  

SciTech Connect

Yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones from low-frequency chimeric libraries of human chromosomes 16 and 21 were mapped onto human diploid fibroblast metaphase chromosomes using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and digital imaging microscopy. YACs mapped onto chromosome 21 were selected to provide subregional location and ordering of known and unknown markers on the long arm of chromosome 21, particularly in the Down syndrome region (q22). YACs mapped onto chromosome 16 were selected to overlap regions spanning chromosome 16 cosmid maps. YAC clones were indirectly labeled with fluorescein, and the total DNA of the chromosome was counterstained with propidium iodide. A single image containing both the FISH signal and the whole chromosome was acquired for each chromosome of interest containing the fluorescent probe signal in a metaphase spread. From the digitized image, the fluorescence intensity profile through the long axis of the chromosome gave the total chromosome length and the probe position. The map position of the probe was expressed as the fractional length (FL) of the total chromosome relative to the end of the short arm (Flpter). From each clone hybridized, 20-40 chromosome images were analyzed. Thirty-eight YACs were mapped onto chromosome 16, and their FLs were distributed along the short and long arms. On chromosome 21, 47 YACs were mapped, including 12 containing known markers. To confirm the order of a dense population of YACs within the Down syndrome region, a two-color mapping strategy was used in which an anonymous YAC was located relative to one or two known markers on the metaphase chromosome. The chromosome FL maps have a 1- to 2-Mb resolution, and the FL measurement of each probe has a typical standard error of 0.5-1 Mb. 14 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Marrone, B.L.; Campbell, E.W.; Anzick, S.L.; Shera, K.; Campbell, M.; Yoshida, T.M.; McCormick, M.K.; Deaven, L. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))




E-print Network

INTEGRATED PLANNING: UNIVERSITY LIBRARY your library engage, enlighten, explore at Transforming Library Services, Collections and Facilities: The University Library People Plan SUMMARY VERSION OVERVIEW Central themes in the library strategic plan highlight the critical importance which our people

Peak, Derek


Cornell Library Historical Monographs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beginning in 1990, the Cornell Library initiated an ambitious early attempt to create digital surrogates for materials that were rapidly deteriorating and becoming brittle. Utilizing prototype equipment developed in tandem with Xerox, the materials were scanned and placed online. Currently, the materials available include 441 entire monographs, totaling 159,961 pages. The search engine located on the site allows visitors to search the holding by author, title, and text. Additionally, visitors can browse the collection by author or title. The monographs include Shelley's "An address to the Irish people," Comte's "Positive Philosophy," selected writings of Richard Wagner, and Sir Richard Burton's "Personal Narrative of a pilgrimage to el Medinah and Meccah." The Web site concludes with a help section that contains information about searching and browsing this interesting collection of online monographs.


Fully Polarimetric Passive W-band Millimeter Wave Imager for Wide Area Search  

SciTech Connect

We describe the design and phenomenology imaging results of a fully polarimetric W-band millimeter wave (MMW) radiometer developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for wide-area search. Operating from 92 - 94 GHz, the W-band radiometer employs a Dicke switching heterodyne design isolating the horizontal and vertical mm-wave components with 40 dB of polarization isolation. Design results are presented for both infinite conjugate off-axis parabolic and finite conjugate off-axis elliptical fore-optics using optical ray tracing and diffraction calculations. The received linear polarizations are down-converted to a microwave frequency band and recombined in a phase-shifting network to produce all six orthogonal polarization states of light simultaneously, which are used to calculate the Stokes parameters for display and analysis. The resulting system performance produces a heterodyne receiver noise equivalent delta temperature (NEDT) of less than 150m Kelvin. The radiometer provides novel imaging capability by producing all four of the Stokes parameters of light, which are used to create imagery based on the polarization states associated with unique scattering geometries and their interaction with the down welling MMW energy. The polarization states can be exploited in such a way that man-made objects can be located and highlighted in a cluttered scene using methods such as image comparison, color encoding of Stokes parameters, multivariate image analysis, and image fusion with visible and infrared imagery. We also present initial results using a differential imaging approach used to highlight polarization features and reduce common-mode noise. Persistent monitoring of a scene using the polarimetric passive mm-wave technique shows great promise for anomaly detection caused by human activity.

Tedeschi, Jonathan R.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Sheen, David M.; Kelly, James F.; McMakin, Douglas L.



MetaSEEk: A Content-Based Meta-Search Engine for Images Mandis Beigi, Ana B. Benitez, and Shih-Fu Chang*  

E-print Network

MetaSEEk: A Content-Based Meta-Search Engine for Images Mandis Beigi, Ana B. Benitez, and Shih, NY 10027 ABSTRACT Search engines are the most powerful resources for finding information on the rapidly expanding World Wide Web (WWW). Finding the desired search engines and learning how to use them

Chang, Shih-Fu


Comparison of Iranian National Medical Library with digital libraries of selected countries  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The important role of information and communication technologies and their influence on methods of storing, retrieving information in digital libraries, has not only changed the meanings behind classic library activates but has also created great changes in their services. However, it seems that not all digital libraries provide their users with similar services and only some of them are successful in fulfilling their role in digital environment. The Iranian National Medical library is among those that appear to come short compared to other digital libraries around the world. By knowing the different services provided by digital libraries worldwide, one can evaluate the services provided by Iranian National Medical library. The goal of this study is a comparison between Iranian National Medical library and digital libraries of selected countries. Materials and Methods: This is an applied study and uses descriptive – survey method. The statistical population is the digital libraries around the world which were actively providing library services between October and December 2011 and were selected by using the key word “Digital Library” in Google search engine. The data-gathering tool was direct access to the websites of these digital libraries. The statistical study is descriptive and Excel software was used for data analysis and plotting of the charts. Results: The findings showed that among the 33 digital libraries investigated worldwide, most of them provided Browse (87.87%), Search (84.84%), and Electronic information retrieval (57.57%) services. The “Help” in public services (48/48%) and “Interlibrary Loan” in traditional services (27/27%) had the highest frequency. The Iranian National Medical library provides more digital services compared to other libraries but has less classic and public services and has less than half of possible public services. Other than Iranian National Medical library, among the 33 libraries investigated, the leaders in providing different services are Library of University of California in classic services, Count Way Library of Medicine in digital services, and Library of Finland in public services. Results and Discussion: The results of this study show that among the digital libraries investigated, most provided similar public, digital, and classic services and The Iranian National Medical library has been somewhat successful in providing these services compared to other digital libraries. One can also conclude that the difference in services is at least in part due to difference in environments, information needs, and users. Conclusion: Iranian National Medical Library has been somewhat successful in providing library services in digital environment and needs to identify the services which are valuable to its users by identifying the users’ needs and special characteristics of its environment PMID:25540782

Zare-Farashbandi, Firoozeh; Najafi, Nayere Sadat Soleimanzade; Atashpour, Bahare



Presidential Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are a description of the history of the presidential papers in the United States, the development and functions of the presidential library system, and a brief look at future developments. (39 references) (Author)

Cole, Garold L.



Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building data is given for the following public libraries: (1) San Jose, California (2) Davenport, Iowa; (3) Louisville, Kentucky; (4) Gainesville, Georgia; (5) New Albany-Floyd County, Indiana and (6) Uniontown, Pennsylvania. (MF)

Library Journal, 1970



High content image-based screening of a protease inhibitor library reveals compounds broadly active against Rift Valley fever virus and other highly pathogenic RNA viruses.  


High content image-based screening was developed as an approach to test a protease inhibitor small molecule library for antiviral activity against Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) and to determine their mechanism of action. RVFV is the causative agent of severe disease of humans and animals throughout Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Of the 849 compounds screened, 34 compounds exhibited ? 50% inhibition against RVFV. All of the hit compounds could be classified into 4 distinct groups based on their unique chemical backbone. Some of the compounds also showed broad antiviral activity against several highly pathogenic RNA viruses including Ebola, Marburg, Venezuela equine encephalitis, and Lassa viruses. Four hit compounds (C795-0925, D011-2120, F694-1532 and G202-0362), which were most active against RVFV and showed broad-spectrum antiviral activity, were selected for further evaluation for their cytotoxicity, dose response profile, and mode of action using classical virological methods and high-content imaging analysis. Time-of-addition assays in RVFV infections suggested that D011-2120 and G202-0362 targeted virus egress, while C795-0925 and F694-1532 inhibited virus replication. We showed that D011-2120 exhibited its antiviral effects by blocking microtubule polymerization, thereby disrupting the Golgi complex and inhibiting viral trafficking to the plasma membrane during virus egress. While G202-0362 also affected virus egress, it appears to do so by a different mechanism, namely by blocking virus budding from the trans Golgi. F694-1532 inhibited viral replication, but also appeared to inhibit overall cellular gene expression. However, G202-0362 and C795-0925 did not alter any of the morphological features that we examined and thus may prove to be good candidates for antiviral drug development. Overall this work demonstrates that high-content image analysis can be used to screen chemical libraries for new antivirals and to determine their mechanism of action and any possible deleterious effects on host cellular biology. PMID:25144302

Mudhasani, Rajini; Kota, Krishna P; Retterer, Cary; Tran, Julie P; Whitehouse, Chris A; Bavari, Sina



High Content Image-Based Screening of a Protease Inhibitor Library Reveals Compounds Broadly Active against Rift Valley Fever Virus and Other Highly Pathogenic RNA Viruses  

PubMed Central

High content image-based screening was developed as an approach to test a protease inhibitor small molecule library for antiviral activity against Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) and to determine their mechanism of action. RVFV is the causative agent of severe disease of humans and animals throughout Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. Of the 849 compounds screened, 34 compounds exhibited ?50% inhibition against RVFV. All of the hit compounds could be classified into 4 distinct groups based on their unique chemical backbone. Some of the compounds also showed broad antiviral activity against several highly pathogenic RNA viruses including Ebola, Marburg, Venezuela equine encephalitis, and Lassa viruses. Four hit compounds (C795-0925, D011-2120, F694-1532 and G202-0362), which were most active against RVFV and showed broad-spectrum antiviral activity, were selected for further evaluation for their cytotoxicity, dose response profile, and mode of action using classical virological methods and high-content imaging analysis. Time-of-addition assays in RVFV infections suggested that D011-2120 and G202-0362 targeted virus egress, while C795-0925 and F694-1532 inhibited virus replication. We showed that D011-2120 exhibited its antiviral effects by blocking microtubule polymerization, thereby disrupting the Golgi complex and inhibiting viral trafficking to the plasma membrane during virus egress. While G202-0362 also affected virus egress, it appears to do so by a different mechanism, namely by blocking virus budding from the trans Golgi. F694-1532 inhibited viral replication, but also appeared to inhibit overall cellular gene expression. However, G202-0362 and C795-0925 did not alter any of the morphological features that we examined and thus may prove to be good candidates for antiviral drug development. Overall this work demonstrates that high-content image analysis can be used to screen chemical libraries for new antivirals and to determine their mechanism of action and any possible deleterious effects on host cellular biology. PMID:25144302

Mudhasani, Rajini; Kota, Krishna P.; Retterer, Cary; Tran, Julie P.; Whitehouse, Chris A.; Bavari, Sina



Spectral characterization of coastal sediments using Field Spectral Libraries, Airborne Hyperspectral Images and Topographic LiDAR Data (FHyL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beach dune systems are important for coastal zone ecosystems as they provide natural sea defences that dissipate wave energy. Geomorphological models of this near-shore topography require site-specific sediment composition, grain size and moisture content as inputs. Hyperspectral, field radiometry and LiDAR remote sensing can be used as tools by providing synoptic maps of these properties. However, multi-remote sensing of near-shore beach images can only be interpreted if there are adequate bio-geophysical or empirical models for information extraction. Our aim was thus to model the effects of varying sediment properties on the reflectance in both field and laboratory conditions within the FHyL (Field Spectral Libraries, Airborne Hyperspectral Images and Topographic LiDAR) procedure, using a multisource dataset (airborne Hyperspectral - MIVIS and topographic LiDAR - Hawk-eye II and field radiometry). The methodology consisted of (i) acquisition of simultaneous multi-source datasets (airborne Hyperspectral - MIVIS and topographic LiDAR - Hawk-eye) (ii) hyperspectral measurements of sediment mixtures with varying physical characteristics (moisture, grain size and minerals) in field and laboratory conditions, (iii) determination and quantification of specific absorption features, and (iv) correlation between the absorption features and physical parameters cited above. Results showed the potential of hyperspectral signals to assess the effect of moisture, grain-size and mineral composition on sediment properties.

Manzo, Ciro; Valentini, Emiliana; Taramelli, Andrea; Filipponi, Federico; Disperati, Leonardo



Library Juice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Library Juice is a current awareness newsletter for librarians and other information professionals, published weekly by editor-librarian Rory Litwin. Each issue of Library Juice compiles recent news, articles, and announcements gleaned from a wide range of mailing lists related to librarianship, information science, intellectual freedom, and social responsibility. The Website posts the current issue of the newsletter and maintains an archive of all past issues.


About the Catalog Use the WSU Libraries Online Catalog to identify  

E-print Network

to the library Basic Search Select the desired search type by clicking in the Within box. Type your search term(s) in the Search: box. Press ENTER or click on [SEARCH] to execute your search. Tip: It is not necessary to capitalize or use punctuation. Known Item Search Tips Title: Enter as much of the book, series or journal


Google's Evolution Leads to Library Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Do library catalogs compete with Google or is it the other way around? We know which came first but which will finish in the end? Only trained library professionals were considered qualified to develop reliable catalog records. However, with the increased sophistication of search engines, we are beginning to realize that a collaborative effort may…

Jaworski, Susan; Sullivan, Roberta



Can Library Use Enhance Intercultural Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the questions to what extent educational research addresses library use in education and how the library can contribute to intercultural education. The focus is primarily on elementary education in Europe. Analysis of research publications was based on searches for peer-reviewed journals in international databases, literary…

Pihl, Joron



Library Terminology: A Guide for International Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by foreign students at the Rutgers University Libraries (New Jersey), this guide provides definitions of the following common library terms: abstract, barcode, bibliography, Boolean searching, call number, CD-ROMs, check out, circulation desk, citation, database, due date, electronic journals, electronic workstations, government…

Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ. Univ. Libraries.


Google Scholar Usage: An Academic Library's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Google Scholar is a free service that provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly works and to connect patrons with the resources libraries provide. The researchers in this study analyzed Google Scholar usage data from 2006 for three library tools at San Francisco State University: SFX link resolver, Web Access Management proxy server,…

Wang, Ya; Howard, Pamela



This Changes Everything: Transforming the Academic Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

Library users and their expectations for services and collections have changed. Among the factors driving change are: networked technologies, powerful search engines available to all, social technologies and the digitization of everything, to name a few. A research university library staff reorganized to meet changed expectations and succeeded in transforming the organization and its culture. This article describes alterations in

Sarah C. Michalak



Helping Students Use Virtual Libraries Effectively.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study in which online behavior of high school and undergraduate students using GALILEO (Georgia Library Learning Online), a virtual library, were observed. Topics include cognitive demands; technology literacy; domain knowledge; search strategies; relevance; evaluation of information; information literacy standards; and suggestions to…

Fitzgerald, Mary Ann; Galloway, Chad



Subject Access in the Small Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study on the subject access problems of patrons of small to medium size libraries was designed to measure the extent to which users' vocabularies matched the search vocabulary of bibliographic records in the card catalog, and to enhance subject access by develooping a microcomputer system which integrated Library of Congress Subject…

Turock, Betty J.; Shelton, Hildred C.


FALCON: An Interactive Library Instruction Tutorial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bowling Green State University Web tutorial, FALCON, models a standard library instructional session on use of the library's Web-based catalog. The tutorial's self-containment, achieved with a complex system of files and without a live catalog connection, enables users to learn how to search the catalog at a pace, time and place of their…

Dennis, Stefanie; Broughton, Kelly



The Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library (NCSTRL 1 ) is a distributed digital library of research results from computer science departments and laboratories in the USA and abroad. NCSTRL benefits readers, authors, and departments. Researchers throughout the world can use familiar Internet tools (the World Wide Web) to search for, browse, read, and download technical reports from participating institutions.

James R. Davis; Carl Lagoze



Library of libraries: A novel approach in synthetic combinatorial libraries  

E-print Network

Library of libraries: A novel approach in synthetic combinatorial libraries Nikolai F. Sepetov peptide libraries for pharmacological purposes is not necessarily to find the most active peptide can be used subsequently for developing a drug. Therefore a library of motifs can give as much or more

Lam, Kit S.


MyLibrary: A Web Personalized Digital Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the increasing availability of information on Internet information providers, like search engines, digital libraries and online databases, it becomes more important to have personalized systems that help users to find relevant information. One type of personalization that is growing in use is recommender systems. This paper presents…

Rocha, Catarina; Xexeo, Geraldo; da Rocha, Ana Regina C.


Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (CDLI) is an international group of Assyriologists, museum curators and historians making available cuneiform tablets dating from the beginning of writing, ca. 3200 B.C., until the end of the third millennium. Led by a team at the University of California at Los Angeles, with initial National Science Foundation funding, this ambitious project seeks expose the collections within the US, Germany, Austria, and the Czech Republic, to a broad audience of specialists, scholars and advanced students. The presently limited (but growing) data set consists of text and image (current library entries offer high quality images), combining document transliterations, text glossaries and digitized originals and photo archives of early cuneiform. To promote discussion and scholarship, CDLI established two, English language, electronic journals which are currently accepting submissions, Cuneiform Digital Library Bulletin (for the rapid distribution of short notes) and the Cuneiform Digital Library Journal (more substantive scholarly contributions). The initial contributions will be made available in March 2002. This collection can be somewhat difficult to navigate, but offers a great opportunity to interested scholars and students.



Real-time sound speed correction using golden section search to enhance ultrasound imaging quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In medical ultrasound imaging, high-performance beamforming is important to enhance spatial and contrast resolutions. A modern receive dynamic beamfomer uses a constant sound speed that is typically assumed to 1540 m/s in generating receive focusing delays [1], [2]. However, this assumption leads to degradation of spatial and contrast resolutions particularly when imaging obese patients or breast since the sound speed is significantly lower than the assumed sound speed [3]; the true sound speed in the fatty tissue is around 1450 m/s. In our previous study, it was demonstrated that the modified nonlinear anisotropic diffusion is capable of determining an optimal sound speed and the proposed method is a useful tool to improve ultrasound image quality [4], [5]. In the previous study, however, we utilized at least 21 iterations to find an optimal sound speed, which may not be viable for real-time applications. In this paper, we demonstrates that the number of iterations can be dramatically reduced using the GSS(golden section search) method with a minimal error. To evaluate performances of the proposed method, in vitro experiments were conducted with a tissue mimicking phantom. To emulate a heterogeneous medium, the phantom was immersed in the water. From the experiments, the number of iterations was reduced from 21 to 7 with GSS method and the maximum error of the lateral resolution between direct and GSS was less than 1%. These results indicate that the proposed method can be implemented in real time to improve the image quality in the medical ultrasound imaging.

Yoon, Chong Ook; Yoon, Changhan; Yoo, Yangmo; Song, Tai-Kyong; Chang, Jin Ho



If text search changed the world in the last decade, image search will shape the future. reports from San Francisco on the advances taking place in image processing that will leave an indelible imprint on every field imaginable  

E-print Network

image search, says Google could come to the rescue again. Instead of typing text, simply take a picture- ever text is in it -- will be translated for you. When a photo clicked from your mobile can rescue you processing has changed war- fare in the last decade with remote- piloted drone aircrafts being able to get

Valero-Cuevas, Francisco


Elaine Shallcross, University of Aberdeen Library, Special Collections and Museums November 2011 Library Information Skills Workshop  

E-print Network

Library Information Skills Workshop Designing your Search Strategy Analyse your research topic and note and note them in the columns Note acronyms, singular and plural forms, word endings and spelling limiting factors in your search, e.g. date range, document type Apply the search rules (e.g. truncation

Levi, Ran


Image coding using concentration and dilution based on seam carving with hierarchical search  

Microsoft Academic Search

Image concentration is an image resizing technique which shrinks an image size but does not change important region(s) in the original image, whereas image dilution is the reverse process to image concentration. In this paper, we incorporate image concentration\\/dilution process in image coding. An image retargeting method called seam carving is used for image concentration. Furthermore, it is modified to

Yuichi Tanaka; Madoka Hasegawa; Shigeo Kato



The New Zealand Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fine Website provides searchable access to a number of voluminous document collections from diverse sources around the world in the fields of history, humanitarian and global development, computer science, music, and literature. These databases are chock full of documents, reports, articles, bibliographies, periodicals, and audio/ video files. The Website's searching and browsing interfaces are provided by Greenstone digital library software and enable easy, effective searching through these substantial collections, which include materials from the UN University, the Food and Agriculture organization, the Humanity Development Library, the World Environment Library, the Bibliotheque pour le Developpement, and more. Also included here are interfaces for the Gutenberg Project (see the November 22, 1996 Scout Report), a women's history collection, a youth oral history covering the lives of New Zealand children in the pre- and post-World War II years, the New Zealand Digital Music Library, and even an extensive music video collection (note: download times for videos can be several minutes). Two of the collections -- on Arabic and Chinese studies -- appear to be still under construction. The great boon of the site, of course, is the fact that rather than simply serving as a gateway, it allows users to immediately access the various materials brought up by the interface. "The New Zealand Digital Library project is a research program at The University of Waikato whose aim is to develop the underlying technology for digital libraries and make it available publicly so that others can use it to create their own collections."


The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 6 Finding Aid for Alice Browne Frame Papers, 1905 - 1971 Image courtesy of Mount Holyoke Historical Atlas, original photograph part of Mount Holyoke College archives

Salzman, Daniel


Automatic hip cartilage segmentation from 3D MR images using arc-weighted graph searching.  


Accurate segmentation of hip joint cartilage from magnetic resonance (MR) images offers opportunities for quantitative investigations of pathoanatomical conditions such as osteoarthritis. In this paper, we present a fully automatic scheme for the segmentation of the individual femoral and acetabular cartilage plates in the human hip joint from high-resolution 3D MR images. The developed scheme uses an improved optimal multi-object multi-surface graph search framework with an arc-weighted graph representation that incorporates prior morphological knowledge as a basis for segmentation of the individual femoral and acetabular cartilage plates despite weak or incomplete boundary interfaces. This automated scheme was validated against manual segmentations from 3D true fast imaging with steady-state precession (TrueFISP) MR examinations of the right hip joints in 52 asymptomatic volunteers. Compared with expert manual segmentations of the combined, femoral and acetabular cartilage volumes, the automatic scheme obtained mean (± standard deviation) Dice's similarity coefficients of 0.81 (± 0.03), 0.79 (± 0.03) and 0.72 (± 0.05). The corresponding mean absolute volume difference errors were 8.44% (± 6.36), 9.44% (± 7.19) and 9.05% (± 8.02). The mean absolute differences between manual and automated measures of cartilage thickness for femoral and acetabular cartilage plates were 0.13 mm (± 0.12) and 0.11 mm (± 0.11), respectively. PMID:25383566

Xia, Ying; Chandra, Shekhar S; Engstrom, Craig; Strudwick, Mark W; Crozier, Stuart; Fripp, Jurgen



Effect of image enhancement on the search and detection task in the urban terrain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research investigated the effects of using medical imaging enhancement techniques to increase the detectability of targets in the urban terrain. Targets in the urban environment present human observers different challenges than targets located in the traditional, open field, search environment. In the traditional environment, targets typically were military vehicles in a natural background. In the urban environment, targets were humans against a man-made background. The U.S. Army Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) and the U. S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) explored three image processing techniques: contrast enhancement, edge enhancement, and a multiscale edge domain process referred to as "mountain-view". For the mountain-view presentation, high-contrast edges were enhanced. Human perception experiments were conducted with non-enhanced real imagery collected from an Urban Operations training center. These human perception experiments establish a baseline response. Processing the imagery using the previously mentioned techniques then allowed human perception experiments to be conducted. The performance parameters used for comparison were probability of detection, and time required to detect a target. This research provided a methodology of evaluating and quantifying human performance differences in target acquisition based on image processing techniques in the urban environment.

Devitt, Nicole; Moyer, Steve; Young, Susan



Military Education and Research Library Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The official Web presence of the military education libraries in the United States and Europe, MERLN links together the holdings and electronic information resources of fourteen libraries, collectively the "largest and most comprehensive collections of military information resources in the world." Users can select a Topic Area (or create a custom topic) or a specific catalog, and then search by title, author, subject heading, or advanced options. The databases are also browseable by author, title, subject, or year. A sample search under title keyword for all libraries for "carpet bombing" produced 74 hits, while "Antietam" produced 266. Hits for each library are listed in a frame on the left-hand side, while basic bibliographic information on each title is listed on the right, with links to more detailed information. Users can repeat previous searches and combine them with other searches using the History option and also save and email selected search returns. Please note that at present the library catalogs for the Marine Corps University Research Center, the Marshall Center, the US Coast Guard Academy, and the US Naval Academy cannot be directly searched from MERLN, but efforts are underway to correct the problem. Users can access the homepages of these libraries, and all of the others linked through MERLN, from the main page.


CPL: Common Pipeline Library  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Common Pipeline Library (CPL) is a set of ISO-C libraries that provide a comprehensive, efficient and robust software toolkit to create automated astronomical data reduction pipelines. Though initially developed as a standardized way to build VLT instrument pipelines, the CPL may be more generally applied to any similar application. The code also provides a variety of general purpose image- and signal-processing functions, making it an excellent framework for the creation of more generic data handling packages. The CPL handles low-level data types (images, tables, matrices, strings, property lists, etc.) and medium-level data access methods (a simple data abstraction layer for FITS files). It also provides table organization and manipulation, keyword/value handling and management, and support for dynamic loading of recipe modules using programs such as EsoRex (ascl:1504.003).

ESO CPL Development Team



The Library of Virginia: The Virginia Historical Inventory Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Virginia's Digital Library Program (DLP) has brought to the Web the Virginia Historical Inventory Project (VHI), "a collection of detailed reports, photographs, and maps, documenting the architectural, cultural, and family histories of thousands of 18th- and 19th-century buildings in communities across Virginia." The collection consists of documents created by WPA workers who were specifically directed to focus on "vernacular architecture and the history of everyday buildings." Users can search the database via keyword, subject, author/ photographer, title, or record number, and along with the relevant report, results will link to maps and photographs, when available. A TIFF viewer is required in order to view page images of the reports, and there are links to download the software on-site.


Charging Users for Library Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the question of instituting direct charges for library service, using on-line bibliographic searching as an example, and contrasts this with the current indirect charging system where services are paid for by taxes. Information, as a merit good, should be supplied with or without direct charges, depending upon user status. (CWM)

Cooper, Michael D.



UO Policy Library Resource for  

E-print Network

is organized or search website after website. GOVERNMENTAL RULES The Policy Library provides links. It is a list of topics with links to various University of Oregon websites. If you can't find what you organizations. A growing resource. If you know of other links relevant to faculty, staff, or students, let us

Oregon, University of


International Relations: Library Instruction Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In support of the United States Naval Academy's program in international relations, library reference staff developed an instruction unit featuring appropriate research guides and a videotape produced at the Naval Academy Educational Resource Center. The videotape illustrates a sample search strategy and then highlights the use of four basic…

Hall, Cathie


Library Networks and Electronic Publishing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a description of present and proposed plans and strategies of OCLC (Online Computer Library Center) and their relationship to electronic publishing. FirstSearch (end-user access to secondary information), GUIDON (electronic journals online) and FastDoc (document delivery) are emphasized. (JKP)

Olvey, Lee D.



South Carolina Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is a collaboration created by a diverse group of South Carolina schools, libraries, cultural heritage institutions, museums, and archives, its mission is to encourage collaborators to "create, maintain, and promote digital collections that represent South Carolina's historical and cultural resources." The site can be explored via numerous thematic sections. Visitors can choose such browsing and searching options as "Browse Institution", "Browse Counties", "Browse People", "Browse Timeline" or "Browse Everything". The "Teaching Resources" encourages critical thinking from students while teaching students how to use primary sources, such as film reels. Visitors will also find the "Newest Collections" added to the site located in the upper right hand box on the homepage, and new additions include documents from the South Carolina State Library and pamphlets from the Historic Charleston Foundation.


British Library: Blogs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Library is one of the world's great libraries and its blogs are quite excellent as well. These streams of thought and commentary are crafted by curators, subject specialists, and guest bloggers and on any given day might include "Jokes for David Frost," "Dogs: Medieval Man's Best Friend," and thoughts on Shakespeare's "Measure for Measure." All told, there are over a dozen blogs here and they cover American studies, medieval manuscripts, science, and cartography. The cartography blog is a real pip, addressing topics such as the geography of music festivals and the whimsical sea monsters that grace many ancient maps. Visitors can search through each blog and also elect to sign up to receive updates about new posts.


UCLA Library: James Arkatov Photograph Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Born in 1920, cellist James Arkatov performed with the San Francisco Symphony and other organizations before helping form the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra. As the son of a photographer, he also became quite well known for his shots of various artists, conductors, and soloists in performance. He later donated this amazing trove of images to the UCLA Library allowing for this digitized collection of over 780 photos for public consideration. The collection is a wonderful way to learn about the vitality of the Los Angeles music scene in the second half of the 20th century, presenting photos of Aaron Copland at the podium, Abbey Lincoln singing, and Andre Watts at the keyboard. Visitors can scroll through the photos at their leisure or search by name or subject.


Multiscale Branch and Bound Image Database Search Jau-Yuen Chen, Charles A. Bouman, Jan P. Allebach  

E-print Network

. on Storage and Retrieval for Image and Video Databases V, vol. 3022, pp. 133-144, San Jose CA, Feb. 10. Allebach School of Electrical Engineering 1285 EE building Purdue University West Lafayette, IN 47907. We define a general form for the distance function which insures that branch and bound search can


Recent health sciences library building projects.  

PubMed Central

The Medical Library Association's third annual survey of recent health sciences library building projects identified fourteen libraries planning, expanding, or constructing new library facilities. Three of five new library buildings are freestanding structures where the library occupies all or a major portion of the space. The two other new facilities are for separately administered units where the library is a major tenant. Nine projects involve additions to or renovations of existing space. Six projects are in projected, predesign, or design stages or are awaiting funding approval. This paper describes four projects that illustrate technology's growing effect on librarians and libraries. They are designed to accommodate change, a plethora of electronic gear, and easy use of technology. Outwardly, they do not look much different than many other modern buildings. But, inside, the changes have been dramatic although they have evolved slowly as the building structure has been adapted to new conditions. Images PMID:8251970

Ludwig, L



America's Star Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Library Journal"'s new national rating of public libraries, the "LJ" Index of Public Library Service, identifies 256 "star" libraries. It rates 7,115 public libraries. The top libraries in each group get five, four, or three Michelin guide-like stars. All included libraries, stars or not, can use their scores to learn from their peers and improve…

Lyons, Ray; Lance, Keith Curry



Jimmy Carter Library and Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Administered by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), the Jimmy Carter Library and Museum was opened in 1986. For the benefit of researchers and others who cannot make it to Atlanta, this website provides access to some of the speeches and letters of President Carter, along with biographical information about members of the Carter family. First-time visitors will want to start at the "Documents and Photographs" section. Here, they can look over a special exhibit on the Camp David Accords, read oral history transcripts from members of Carter's cabinet, and peruse Carter's official diary from his time in office. Scholars and those wishing to visit and make use of the library's collections should look over the library information section, which contains details on how to begin searching the collection, and a link for visitors to ask questions online. Rounding out the site is a virtual tour of the museum and library. [KMG


An HST Imaging Search for Circumstellar Matter in Young Nebulous Clusters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

HST imaging studies of the M42 and M16 HII regions have revealed circumstellar emission and absorption regions with sizes comparable to those expected for protoplanetary disks. In order to determine the uniqueness of these results, and to search for additional objects geometrically suggestive of disks, we observed four other young nebulous clusters with HST/WFPC2 during Cycle 5. Eight fields were observed in H? and I-band continuum in the nearby HII regions NGC2024, NGC2264, and S155. Two fields were observed in V band in the reflection nebula NGC7023. In all these fields, no dark silhouettes and only a handful of circumstellar ionized rims were found. These results suggest that the visibility of "proplyds" in the Orion Nebula is due to circumstances unique to the evolutionary state of the Trapezium cluster.

Stapelfeldt, K.; Sahai, R.; Werner, M.; Trauger, J.


WHIPPLE LIBRARY Department of History and Philosophy of Science  

E-print Network

please see the Whipple Library Ebooks site Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RH Tel: 01223 (3)34547 EmailWHIPPLE LIBRARY Department of History and Philosophy of Science E-books on HPS reading lists, Lent modernism These books are mostly available via Library Search For more information on HPS-relevant Ebooks

Cambridge, University of


Digital Libraries Based on Full-Text Retrieval.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the indexing, collection, and maintenance processes, as well as the retrieval interface, to public digital libraries. The paper begins by briefly surveying both Internet technical report collections and World Wide Web search engines. It goes on to describe a prototype digital library, the New Zealand Digital Library for…

Witten, Ian H.; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; Cunningham, Sally Jo


International Students and Language Preferences in Library Database Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Library service to international students is a challenge because many are not fluent in English or have any previous library experience in American universities. Library database interfaces, suchs as EBSCO, OCLC's FirstSearch, Cambridge Scientific Abstracts (CSA), and JSTOR provide additional language features (in Spanish, French, Chinese, Japanese, and Korean) to assist international students.Librarians at Central Missouri State University and St.

Fu Zhuo; Jenny Emanuel; Shuqin Jiao



Optimized analysis method for indirect dark matter searches with imaging air Cherenkov telescopes  

SciTech Connect

We propose a dedicated analysis approach for indirect Dark Matter searches with Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes. By using the full likelihood analysis, we take complete advantage of the distinct features expected in the gamma ray spectrum of Dark Matter origin, achieving better sensitivity with respect to the standard analysis chains. We describe the method and characterize its general performance. We also compare its sensitivity with that of the current standards for several Dark Matter annihilation models, obtaining gains of up to factors of order of 10. We compute the improved limits that can be reached using this new approach, taking as an example existing estimates for several benchmark models as well as the recent results from VERITAS on observations of the dwarf spheroidal galaxy Segue 1. Furthermore, we estimate the sensitivity of Cherenkov Telescopes for monochromatic line signals. Predictions are made on improvement that can be achieved for MAGIC and CTA. Lastly, we discuss how this method can be applied in a global, sensitivity-optimized indirect Dark Matter search that combines the results of all Cherenkov observatories of the present generation.

Aleksi?, J.; Martinez, M. [Institut de Física d'Altes Energies (IFAE), Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Rico, J., E-mail:, E-mail:, E-mail: [Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats (ICREA), E-08010 Barcelona (Spain)



Library Locations Locations other than Main Library  

E-print Network

Library Locations Locations other than Main Library Example: Feminist Studies HQ1410 .U54 2009 University of California, Santa Barbara Library Updated 3-2014 A - B.......................................6 Central M - N..................................................Arts Library (Music Building) P


UNBC Library External Review 2012 Library Response  

E-print Network

UNBC Library External Review 2012 Library Response November 2, 2012 An external review was conducted of the UNBC Library services in April 2012 by Dr. Vicki Williamson of University of Saskatchewan is available at review/ . Below is the Library's planned followup

Northern British Columbia, University of


Library Annual Report Library Annual Report  

E-print Network

Library Annual Report 2007 Library Annual Report 2007 #12; Our mission: By delivering excellent information resources and services the Library is integral to the University's mission of advancing, transmitting and sustaining knowledge. Our vision: The Library will continue to be at the heart

Tobar, Michael


Library Locations Locations other than Main Library  

E-print Network

Library Locations Locations other than Main Library Example: Feminist Studies HQ1410 .U54 2009 Andelson Collection: 2 South, Ethnic & Gender Studies Library (EGSL) Annex: Off campus storage. See Arts Library: 1st Floor, Music Building Asian American Studies: 2 South, Ethnic & Gender Studies



E-print Network

1 LIBRARY REGULATIONS 1. THE LIBRARY POLICY COMMITTEE 1.1 The Library Policy Committee shall shall be: [i] to formulate proposals in regard to policy matters relating to the Library for consideration by the Academic Council and the Governing Body; [ii] to monitor the implementation of Library

Schellekens, Michel P.


Library Collaboration Aids Global Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the geosciences, organizational libraries and information centers are local sources for scientists, students, and members of the general public who are searching for current or historic information in their fields. They offer focused collections, rare materials, and knowledgeable librarians, but often issues caused by isolation and limited resources impede their ability to fulfill the researchers' needs. Unlike the local university libraries, these small special information centers are usually housed in the same building as their scientists' offices. To help overcome these problems of limited resources and isolation, while retaining the organizational focus and unique collections that are its strengths, the National Snow & Ice Data Center (NSIDC) Information Center has begun to collaborate with similar libraries and information centers. This project has three major steps: 1. Catalog sharing through internet-based links. 2. Resource sharing. 3. Expansion of collaboration. NSIDC is creating catalog links with a sister library, the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR) Information Center. Once the links are established, the two libraries will develop a plan for resource sharing and coordinated purchasing. This small collaborative effort will serve as a template for a network of special libraries within Colorado. Ultimately, they hope to expand the collaborative effort to small libraries with a similar focus around the globe. This poster will outline and graphically illustrate these steps, as well as provide a template for future expansion of the project.

Hicks, G. J.; Howard, A. L.; Sommer, S.



Boston Public Library: Business  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Boston Public Library has crafted dozens of thematic collections documenting travel posters, Boston sports temples, industrial landscapes, and other bits and pieces from this vast and wonderful world. This particular collection documents many facets of business life and culture in and around the Hub. Here visitors will find over 110 images of switchboards at New England Bell, works spaces at New England Life Insurance, banks in East Boston, and Polaroid's famous leader, Edwin Land. The Flickr format is fantastic for using these images, as visitors can create their own collection, add comments, tags, and so on.



E-print Network

SFU LIBRARY ANNUAL REPORT 2006/07 #12;22 TABLE OF CONTENTS Message from the University Librarian................................................... ....................................... 7 WAC Bennett Library.................................................................. ....................................... 8 Samuel and Frances Belzberg Library


DNA Libraries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers' Domain presents this interactive, adapted from the Dolan DNA Learning Center, to help students learn about DNA Libraries, "the tools scientists use to store and reproduce genetic information that they can later access for their research." After an introduction, students can explore more about the different types of DNA libraries by clicking on any of the five DNA vectors: Yeast Artificial Chromosomes, Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes, Cosmids, Bacteriophage Lambda, and Plasmids. On the site, visitors will also find a supplemental background essay, discussion questions, and standards alignment from Teachers' Domain.


Linkping University library Import from databases to RefWorks  

E-print Network

a selection of databases ACM Digital Library Books24x7 Cochrane Library EBSCOhost: Academic search EBSCOhost Conduct a search and click on the Add to folder icon for each of the results you want to save

Zhao, Yuxiao


The archive on the hill : the Presidential Library and the architecture of American history  

E-print Network

Presidential libraries are not really about presidents. Rather, presidential libraries define publics through the transformation of American history into images and ideas. The presidential library is a uniquely American ...

Haughey, Patrick David



Collection Metadata Solutions for Digital Library Applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Within a digital library, collections may range from an ad hoc set of objects that serve a temporary purpose to established library collections intended to persist through time. The objects in these collections vary widely, from library and data center holdings to pointers to real-world objects, such as geographic places, and the various metadata schemas that describe them. The key to integrated use of such a variety of collections in a digital library is collection metadata that represents the inherent and contextual characteristics of a collection. The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) Project has designed and implemented collection metadata for several purposes: in XML form, the collection metadata "registers" the collection with the user interface client; in HTML form, it is used for user documentation; eventually, it will be used to describe the collection to network search agents; and it is used for internal collection management, including mapping the object metadata attributes to the common search parameters of the system.

Hill, Linda L.; Janee, Greg; Dolin, Ron; Frew, James; Larsgaard, Mary



Library Lectures: Georgetown University Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Georgetown University Library sponsors a wide range of events each academic year, and they have created this website for those curious individuals who might want to revisit a talk or event they might have missed. The programs are divided into three categories, including "Library Associates Events" and "Georgetown University Forum". All told, there are about a dozen events here currently, and new events continue to be added on a regular basis. Some of the more recent programs include conversations like "Food Politics: Personal vs. Social Responsibility for Dietary Choices" and "The Myth of the Rational Voter: Why Democracies Choose Bad Policies". The site is rounded out by a link to some of the other digital initiatives at the Georgetown University Library and a feedback section.


Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building data is given for the following public libraries: New York, New York; Blue Island, Illinois; Corte Madera, California; Muskogee, Oklahoma: Charlotte, North Carolina; Washington, D.C.; Houston, Texas; Albermarle, North Carolina; Spokane, Washington; and Hemet, California. (Author/NH)

Library Journal, 1972



Library Venturing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is opportunity for service and profit to imaginative libraries organizing to provide new forms of knowledge. Librarians as entrepreneurs must learn venture management and finance. Available assistance includes growing entrepreneural understanding in large institutions; family and friends; private wealth-seeking investment; new business…

Wilson, H. Donald



National Sea Grant Library: Digital Libraries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography, the National Sea Grant Library (NSGL) has a wealth of digital resources available for educators with a distinctly marine focus. Of course, this material is meant to complement their print holdings, and for those who can't make it out to Rhode Island, these digital educational materials will be most helpful. Visitors can click on one of the subject headings to explore these materials, and these headings include "Coastal Hazards", "Diving Safety", "Global Warming", "Marine Careers", and "Harmful Algae". Other visitors may wish to use the more in-depth topical searches, which address aquaculture, habitat restoration, and marinas. There are a number of gems here, including the "Resource Guide for Oceanography and Coastal Processes" and "Coastal Capers: A Marine Education Primer".


ELNET--The Electronic Library Database System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ELNET (Electronic Library Network), a Japanese language database, allows searching of index terms and free text terms from articles and stores the full text of the articles on an optical disc system. Users can order fax copies of the text from the optical disc. This article also explains online searching and discusses machine translation. (LRW)

King, Shirley V.



Direct imaging search for planets around low-mass stars and spectroscopic characterization of young exoplanets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low--mass stars between 0.1--0.6 M? are the most abundant members our galaxy and may be the most common sites of planet formation, but little is known about the outer architecture of their planetary systems. We have carried out a high-contrast adaptive imaging search for gas giant planets between 1--13 MJup around 122 newly identified young M dwarfs in the solar neighborhood ( ? 35 pc). Half of our targets are younger than 145 Myr, and 90% are younger than 580 Myr. After removing 39 resolved stellar binaries, our homogeneous sample of 83 single young M dwarfs makes it the largest imaging search for planets around low--mass stars to date. Our H- and K- band coronagraphic observations with Subaru/HiCIAO and Keck/NIRC2 achieve typical contrasts of 9--13 mag and 12--14 mag at 100, respectively, which corresponds to limiting masses of ˜1--10 M Jup at 10--30 AU for most of our sample. We discovered four brown dwarfs with masses between 25--60 MJup at projected separations of 4--190 AU. Over 100 candidate planets were discovered, nearly all of which were found to be background stars from follow-up second epoch imaging. Our null detection of planets nevertheless provides strong statistical constraints on the occurrence rate of giant planets around M dwarfs. Assuming circular orbits and a logarithmically-flat power law distribution in planet mass and semi--major axis of the form d 2N=(dloga dlogm) infinity m0 a0, we measure an upper limit (at the 95% confidence level) of 8.8% and 12.6% for 1--13 MJup companions between 10--100 AU for hot start and cold start evolutionary models, respectively. For massive gas giant planets in the 5--13 M Jup range like those orbiting HR 8799, GJ 504, and beta Pictoris, we find that fewer than 5.3% (7.8%) of M dwarfs harbor these planets between 10--100 AU for a hot start (cold start) formation scenario. Our best constraints are for brown dwarf companions; the frequency of 13--75 MJup companions between (de--projected) physical separations of 10--100 AU is 2.1+2.1-1.2 %. Altogether, our results show that gas giant planets, especially massive ones, are rare in the outskirts of M dwarf planetary systems. If disk instability is a viable way to form planets, our constraints for the most common type of star imply that overall it is an inefficient mechanism.

Bowler, Brendan Peter


Historical Postcards of New York City from the Picture Collection at Mid-Manhattan Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Van Cortland Park in the Bronx down to the bucolic stylings of Staten Island in the late 19th century, this very fun online exhibition from the New York Public Library will sate the desires of those persons with a penchant for historical postcards. Recently, the Library placed five hundred postcards depicting views of all five boroughs in the late 19th and early 20th century within the much larger NYPL Digital Gallery. This exhibition offers a brief introduction to these depictions of New York's past, and visitors can get a taste of the images by looking through sections that include "A Record of Time", "A Record of Place", and "A Record of the People". Visitors can look at promenades in Central Park, the early days of Riverside Drive, and the Astor Library. After that, they can perform their own postcard searches, and purists will note that the back of every postcard has also been scanned for this project.


Balfour (Zoology) Library Guide  

E-print Network

facilities Computers There are five PCs for use in the Library. These provide access to Cambridge University monitors 12 Library rules 12 Science Libraries in Cambridge 13 Research Skills Programme 13 Libraries


Balfour (Zoology) Library Guide  

E-print Network

facilities Computers There are five PCs for use in the Library. These provide access to Cambridge University monitors 14 Library rules 14 Science Libraries in Cambridge 15 Research Skills Programme 15 Library


PERSIVAL, a System for Personalized Search and Summarization over Multimedia Healthcare Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the ongoing development of PERSIVAL (Personalized Retrieval and Summarization of Image, Video, and Language), a system designed to provide personalized access to a distributed digital library of medical literature and consumer health information. The goal for PERSIVAL is to tailor search, presentation, and summarization of…

McKeown, Kathleen R.; Chang, Shih-Fu; Cimino, James; Feiner, Steven K.; Friedman, Carol; Gravano, Luis; Hatzivassiloglou, Vasileios; Johnson, Steven; Jordan, Desmond A.; Klavans, Judith L.; Kushniruk, Andre; Patel, Vimla; Teufel, Simone


New Zealand Digital Library: Humanity Development Library 2.0  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Humanity Development Library is to make practical information from many sources available at the lowest possible cost to the user. Originally created as a set of CD-ROMs and now on the Web, the library provides a gateway to the publications of a whole host of international human development and educational organizations, from the Asian Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU) to the World Bank. Greenstone software, developed for the New Zealand Digital Library, allows keyword searching across the 1,200+ texts in the library. Users can also browse by subject, title, or organization. The library is available as part of the New Zealand Digital Library, includes full texts and cover art of publications such as CERES, a periodical from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and AIDS Prevention Through Health Promotion, a 1991 book from the World Health Organization. The "Detach" feature of the software allows users to read selected publications in a separate browser window


Afghanistan Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the Afghanistan Digital Library at New York University is "to retrieve and restore the first sixty years of Afghanistan's published cultural heritage." This period, from 1871 to 1930, is of great importance as the earliest publications from this time frame are very rare and decades of war have not helped the situation. A team of scholars working at the National Archives in Kabul and NYU has helped to digitize a number of these documents for inclusion in this digital library. The project is sponsored by NYU Libraries, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and The Reed Foundation. Currently, the archive contains over 380 books, and visitors can browse them at their leisure. There is a search feature, but as the transliteration part of the project is still in development, visitors might just want to look around at items they find compelling. The viewer application is quite user-friendly, and visitors can zoom in to examine various details of each work.


The Library The Public Library  

E-print Network

services to beneficiaries as well as using the different information sources along with working be done with the proper and well-equipped rooms 4. Providing different library services to beneficiaries Organzation of kondledge section Techincal Section Databases & Information Services Section Structure


3 Library Regulations Definitions  

E-print Network

3 Library Regulations Definitions In Regulation 3: 'Library' means the University Library as defined in Regulation 3.1; 'Library staff' means the staff of the University Library; 'Librarian' means the University Librarian and Head of Information Resources Directorate or nominee; `Library Committee' means

Mottram, Nigel


Symposium on Presidential Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes five articles that discuss presidential libraries. Highlights include an overview of the development of the federal presidential library system; the Ronald Reagan library; the Richard Nixon library archives; access at the Gerald Ford library; and computerizing the Jimmy Carter library. (LRW)

Relyea, Harold C.; And Others



Library Research and Statistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These nine articles discuss research and statistics on libraries and librarianship, including libraries in the United States, Canada, and Mexico; acquisition expenditures in public, academic, special, and government libraries; price indexes; state rankings of public library data; library buildings; expenditures in school library media centers; and…

Lynch, Mary Jo; St. Lifer, Evan; Halstead, Kent; Fox, Bette-Lee; Miller, Marilyn L.; Shontz, Marilyn L.



Die Gliederthier-fauna des Sansibar ... -Google Books My library | Sign in  

E-print Network

Die Gliederthier-fauna des Sansibar ... - Google Books My library | Sign in Advanced Book Search library Get this book AbeBooks Alibris Amazon Google Product Search Find in a library All sellers » Contents Plain text Clip Link Feedback Download

Villemant, Claire


Web-Scale Discovery in an Academic Medical Library: Our Experience with EBSCO's Discovery Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This poster explores the Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library's steps to determine if a highly tailored version of EBSCO's Discovery Service (EDS) aimed at an academic health sciences audience will be an appealing and effective tool for searching the library's collections and to compare its use to that of the library's current federated search tool.

JoLinda Thompson; Kathe Obrig; Laura E. Abate



The Women's Presses Library Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Women's Presses Library Project is a coalition of 30 women-owned independent presses that offers librarians and other collection developers a resource for identifying alternative library materials created for women and girls. The project's bibliographic database contains nearly 400 titles, providing access to subjects that are frequently neglected by larger publishers. Users may search the database by keyword, title, author, publisher, subject, or ISBN. In addition, users may browse alphabetical author, publisher, and subject lists to locate items. The subject list indexes over 80 terms that are organized categorically as well as alphabetically.


BLPC: British Library Public Catalogue  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Library has announced the release of a new major online resource in early 2001. The Public Catalogue supercedes the OPAC97 service (reviewed in the May 23, 1997 Scout Report) and will be available 24 hours/ 7 days a week. The catalog indexes "over 10 million books, journals, reports, conferences and music scores covering every aspect of human thought since 1450" and features improved search options. Visitors can order copies of articles and conference papers direct from the library's Document Supply Centre, while members of registered organizations may also request material on loan through the site.


Virtual Reference Library (VRL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the Toronto Public Library (TPL) offers a host of handpicked and annotated online resources. These are located in the VRL Subject Guide to the Internet (select "Search the Internet"), an index of "about 8,000 - 10,000" sites that can be browsed by subject guide or searched by keyword. While sites produced in Canada are a particular focus, the index contains a large number of international sites. Each of the sites is briefly described, including language used and a Made in Canada flag where appropriate. Top-level subject guides include Arts, Business and Economics, Education, Government, Immigration and Citizenship, and many others. In addition to serving as an Internet gateway, the VRL also hosts a number of the TPL's own collections and indexes, including a digitized version of Toronto City Directories from 1797 to 1900 (up to 1877 now available); Archindont (Architectural Index for Ontario), an index of print articles and books on buildings and architecture in Ontario; and of course, the library's online catalog.


All-Sky Imaging Search for Transients with the Long Wavelength Demonstrator Array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Long Wavelength Demonstrator Array (LWDA) is a prototype 16 element low frequency, phased dipole array. It operates between 60-80 MHz with an instantaneous bandwidth of 1.6 MHz. The system allows cross correlation of each of the 120 pairs of antennas. Dual orthogonal linear polarizations are received and the electronics are capable of digital delay beamforming with two fully-independent beams, as well as all-sky imaging. The LWDA hardware installation was completed in late October 2006, and the instrument successfully achieved first light. The operational system is currently engaged in scientific observations including all-sky surveying for bright continuum transient radio emission, as well as targeted observations of pulsars. The LWDA has observed several solar bursts and should also be sensitive to giant pulses from the Crab pulsar. We describe the current status of the transient detection pipeline and present results from the first year of all-sky monitoring. Initial data were taken in 50 ms snapshots at 74 MHz every 5 minutes. Bright sources such as Cygnus A, Cassiopeia A, the Galactic Plane, and the Sun are clearly visible, but cannot be accurately modeled given the irregular time sampling and sensitivity variations across the primary beam. These sources were masked for the transient search. Additionally, an instrumental issue led to flagging high amplitude data with phase near zero; thus we are not sensitive to transients directly overhead or near the masked sources. We reach a sensitivity of 400 Jy/bm over the remaining sky. More regular sampling has been implemented and will allow us to build up a standard "Sky model" which varies with time over the day. By comparing new data to this standard we will be able to search for transients over the whole sky. Basic research in radio astronomy at the Naval Research Laboratory is supported by 6.1 base funding.

Clarke, Tracy E.; Lane, W.; Lazio, T. J.; Gross, C.; Ray, P. S.; Wood, D.; York, J.



Children's Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Drawing on materials from the New York Public Library, the National Yiddish Book Center, and the University of California Libraries, the Internet Archive has created this trove of digitized children's books. Currently, there are over 2,700 books available here and they include works like "Infant's cabinet of birds & beasts" from 1820 and "What the Moon Saw: And Other Tales" from 1866. On the left side of the page, visitors can take a look at the "Spotlight Item" and there is a tag cloud available here as well. Those persons looking for the most popular items can view the "Most Downloaded Items Last Week". Not surprisingly, some of these items include "Pinocchio" and "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz." Visitors are also welcome to receive updates from their forum here, and they can also chime in with their own questions.


Virtual Cultural Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) offers the full text of a select collection of works on cultural heritage published by the organization, many of them currently out of print. The content of the Library is divided into two sections: Books and Conventions. At present, the Books section contains eleven titles in English, nine in French, and one in Spanish. A summary, image of the cover, and page total are offered for each book, along with a link to the full text in .pdf format. The Conventions section includes links to the full text of ten conventions in the fields of creativity and copyright and cultural heritage. These are presented in HTML format. These texts are only the initial offering, and UNESCO plans to expand the library based in part on user input.


Searching for transits in the WTS with the difference imaging light curves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for exo-planets is currently one of the most exiting and active topics in astronomy. Small and rocky planets are particularly the subject of intense research, since if they are suitably located from their host star, they may be warm and potentially habitable worlds. On the other hand, the discovery of giant planets in short-period orbits provides important constraints on models that describe planet formation and orbital migration theories. Several projects are dedicated to discover and characterize planets outside of our solar system. Among them, the Wide-Field Camera Transit Survey (WTS) is a pioneer program aimed to search for extra-solar planets, that stands out for its particular aims and methodology. The WTS has been in operation since August 2007 with observations from the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope, and represents the first survey that searches for transiting planets in the near-infrared wavelengths; hence the WTS is designed to discover planets around M-dwarfs. The survey was originally assigned about 200 nights, observing four fields that were selected seasonally (RA = 03, 07, 17 and 19h) during a year. The images from the survey are processed by a data reduction pipeline, which uses aperture photometry to construct the light curves. For the most complete field (19h-1145 epochs) in the survey, we produce an alternative set of light curves by using the method of difference imaging, which is a photometric technique that has shown important advantages when used in crowded fields. A quantitative comparison between the photometric precision achieved with both methods is carried out in this work. We remove systematic effects using the sysrem algorithm, scale the error bars on the light curves, and perform a comparison of the corrected light curves. The results show that the aperture photometry light curves provide slightly better precision for objects with J < 16. However, difference photometry light curves present a significant improvement for fainter stars. In order to detect transits in the WTS light curves, we use a modified version of the box-fitting algorithm. The implementation on the detection algorithm performs a trapezoid-fit to the folded light curve. We show that the new fit is able to produce more accurate results than the box-fit model. We describe a set of selection criteria to search for transit candidates that include a parameter calculated by our detection algorithm: the V-shape parameter, which has proven to be useful to automatically identify and remove eclipsing binaries from the survey. The criteria are optimized using Monte-Carlo simulations of artificial transit signals that are injected into the real WTS light curves and subsequently analyzed by our detection algorithm. We separately optimize the selection criteria for two different sets of light curves, one for F-G-K stars, and another for M-dwarfs. In order to search for transiting planet candidates, the optimized selection criteria are applied to the aperture photometry and difference imaging light curves. In this way, the best 200 transit candidates from a sample of ~ 475 000 sources are automatically selected. A visual inspection of the folded light curves of these detections is carried out to eliminate clear false-positives or false-detections. Subsequently, several analysis steps are performed on the 18 best detections, which allow us to classify these objects as transiting planet and eclipsing binary candidates. We report one planet candidate orbiting a late G-type star, which is proposed for photometric follow-up. The independent analysis on the M-dwarf sample provides no planet candidates around these stars. Therefore, the null detection hypothesis and upper limits on the occurrence rate of giant planets around M-dwarfs with J < 17 mag presented in a prior study are confirmed. In this work, we extended the search for transiting planets to stars with J < 18 mag, which enables us to impose a more strict upper limit of 1.1 % on the occurrence rate of short-period giant planets around M-dwarfs, which is sign

Zendejas Dominguez, Jesus



Special Collections and Archives Image Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cline Library Special Collections and Archives Department (SCA) houses over 700,000 photographic images, tens of thousands of which are now available online. The library has digitized dozens of collections, including the Philip Johnston Collection with 265 images documenting life on the Navajo Reservation between 1895 and 1945; the Fronske studio collection, approximately 395 black-and-white photographs documenting over four decades of southwestern people, events, and history; and the Northern Arizona University's Photographic Archives and General Photos collection. The site offers several options for searching and browsing. For users interested only in the online collection, the Finding Guide will be extremely useful in identifying and accessing digitized materials. It is unfortunate that the images seem to be available only in smaller size, but the site provides substantial catalog information for each image and healthy descriptions of the content of and circumstances behind each collection.


Meta Search Engine for Searching Multiple Human Rights Sites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently unveiled by the Human Rights Library of the University of Minnesota (originally reviewed in the January 5, 1996 Scout Report), this new search engine will be welcomed by researchers and activists in human rights. Searchable by keyword and several optional operators (Boolean, proximity, truncation), the engine retrieves data from any or all of the 23 different rights-related sites that users select. Interestingly, returns are presented "as is" from the source pages (with page header, images, and unique formats) but combined into a single results page. A test search for "Northern Ireland" on four selected sites returned over 40 results. Direct links to the featured databases and, in some cases, their search tips pages are also provided.


Land Treatment Digital Library  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A dynamic system to enter, store, retrieve, and analyze Federal land-treatment data. More information and access to data available at: Across the country, public land managers make hundreds of decisions each year that influence landscapes and ecosystems within the lands they manage. Many of these decisions involve vegetation manipulations known as land treatments. Land treatments include activities such as removal or alteration of plant biomass, seeding burned areas, and herbicide applications. Data on these land treatments are usually stored at local offices, and gathering information across large spatial areas can be difficult. There is a need to centralize and store treatment data for Federal agencies involved in land treatments because these data are useful to land managers for policy and management and to scientists for developing sampling designs and studies. The Land Treatment Digital Library (LTDL) was created by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to catalog information about land treatments on Federal lands in the western United States for all interested parties. The flexible framework of the library allows for the storage of a wide variety of data in different formats. The LTDL currently stores previously established land treatments or what often are called legacy data. The project was developed and has been refined based on feedback from partner agencies and stakeholders, with opportunity for the library holdings to expand as new information becomes available. The library contains data in text, tabular, spatial, and image formats. Specific examples include project plans and implementation reports, monitoring data, spatial data files from geographic information systems, digitized paper maps, and digital images of land treatments. The data are entered by USGS employees and are accessible through a searchable web site. The LTDL can be used to respond to information requests, conduct analyses and other forms of information syntheses, produce maps, and generate reports for DOI managers and scientists and other authorized users.

Pilliod, David S.



Forward with Imagination: Innovative Library Client Services for the 21st Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers innovation in academic libraries. The first part explores the definition and nature of innovation and the literature relevant to academic libraries in particular. In the second part, the outcomes of a search of library World Wide Web sites and a survey of International Association of Technological University Libraries (IATUL)…

Bundy, Alan


The Digital South Asia Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since the last time the Scout Report looked in on The Digital South Asia Library, it has grown tremendously, and scholars with an interest in reference and research materials on South Asia will be delighted to learn about the many new additions to the site. The project is based at the Center for Research Libraries, and participants in the project include the Library of Congress, the Asia Society, the British Library, and the South Asia Microform Project. The materials are contained within eight primary sections on the homepage, including "Indexes", "Images", "Maps", and "Statistics". The "Maps" section contains two complete Imperial gazetteers of India, along with "A Historical Atlas of South Asia" from 1992. Next, the "Statistics" area contains the "Statistical Abstract relating to British India" from 1840 to 1920. Overall, the site is a standout resource for those studying this region, and educators will find much to recommend to their students who are seeking primary and secondary source materials.



Art Libraries Section. Special Libraries Division. Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Papers on art libraries, librarianship, and documentation presented at the 1982 International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) conference include: (1) "The Tyranny of Distance: Art Libraries in Canada," a description by Mary F. Williamson of Canada's regional art libraries which serve both art students and the general public; (2) "A…

International Federation of Library Associations, The Hague (Netherlands).



E-print Network

The Library UBC LIBRARY CARD APPLICATION FORM For Faculty Authorized Users UBC FACULTY MEMBER to the following person so that s/he may borrow Library materials and access services in my name for my UBC September 15th , 2014 Faculty member's statement: I understand that this is a separate library card from my

Michelson, David G.


Regulation 28: Library REGULATION 28: LIBRARY  

E-print Network

Regulation 28: Library 180 REGULATION 28: LIBRARY The purpose of this Regulation is to safeguard the common interests of all Library users. All persons are admitted on the understanding that they have read and agreed to observe the Library Regulations. Breach of this Regulation could result in membership being

Sussex, University of