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1

Public say food regulatory policies to improve health in Western Australia are important: population survey results  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the level of support among Western Australian adults for food control policies to improve diet, reduce obesity and protect the environment. Methods Attitudes towards government food control policies on food labelling, food advertising, and the supply of environmentally friendly food data were pooled from two Nutrition Monitoring Survey Series telephone surveys of 2,147 adults aged 18–64 years collected in 2009 and 2012. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted using survey module of STATA 12. Results The majority of adults believe it is important that government regulates food policy options under consideration: nutrition information on food labels (97% versus 2% who think it is not important); health rating on food labels (95% versus 3%); food advertising (83% versus 11%); and the supply of environmentally friendly food (86% versus 9%). Conclusions Community perception is that government control or regulation of food labelling, food advertising and the supply of environmentally friendly food is important. Implications Curbing excess weight gain and related disease burden is a public health priority. Australian governments are considering food regulatory interventions to assist the public to improve their dietary intake. These findings should provide reassurance to government officials considering these regulatory measures.

Pollard, Christina M; Daly, Alison; Moore, Michael; Binns, Colin W

2013-01-01

2

Contested Communities in a Debate over Dual-Language Education: The Import of "Public" Values on Public Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how public debate can shape school district policy. Using qualitative methods and an interdisciplinary framework that weaves an interpretive approach to policy implementation with the language policy and planning literature, the analysis demonstrates that immigrant voices were mostly absent in a debate over a new dual-language…

Dorner, Lisa M.

2011-01-01

3

Mapping public policy on genetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mapping of the human genome and related advances in genetics are stimulating the development of public policies on genetics. Certain notions that currently prevail in public policy development overall – including the importance of protecting privacy of information, an interest in cost-effectiveness, and the power of the anecdote – will help determine the future of public policy on genetics.

N E Weisfeld

2002-01-01

4

Effect on Public Policy from Macro to Nano Aspects of the Deadliest Illness of Mankind: Important Role of Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect on public policy of macro to nano aspects of the deadliest Illness known to mankind is given. The focus is on the important role of physics which has been ignored so far to solve its problems. It is now acknowledged that the deadliest illness is actually a group of illnesses which are lumped together as mental illnesses. They are the most widespread and damaging illnesses in the world. Their impact on the entire society globally is huge because they afflict majority of the people irrespective of race, religion, sex, age, education and economic status. In USA alone, the number afflicted according to the official count is about 80 million (out of a total population of 315 million), and it is projected to increase to about 25 to 30% of the population within two decades. A model is given in this paper to address some of the key issues from macro to nano aspects of the deadliest illness. The information given in this paper is scientific though easy to understand. It will help the elected policy makers, public, physicists, neuroscientists, doctors, and care giving personnel world wide. The model explains the missing links in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses. Additional evidence from other recent studies shall also be given.

Saxena, Arjun

2013-04-01

5

Public Policy and Manpower Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph was written in response to the perceived need for an examination of the role of manpower programs as components of public policy. Both manpower programs and related policies are examined in the context of the overall activities and purposes of government in Ontario and in the Canadian federal system. The importance of societal…

Holland, John W.; Skolnik, Michael L.

6

Public Policy and You  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is devoted to public policies and child care providers. The author talks about how these policies affect providers and their work with young children. The author stresses that child care providers should help legislators by keeping them aware of what goes on in the child care communities.

Karolak, Eric

2008-01-01

7

Public Policy Agenda, 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2010 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. This paper is intended to serve as a point of reference for the association's members and other interested organizations, as well as federal and state policymakers.…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2010

2010-01-01

8

Rhetorically Representing Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay offers a critical reading of National Geographic's 2002 documentary The Search for the Afghan Girl as a means to suggest how, and in what ways, communication scholars can retheorize the relationship between media representations and policy. Reading critically National Geographic's strategic redeployment of the Afghan Girl, I argue that the text functions rhetorically to refigure the public understanding

Rae Lynn Schwartz-DuPre

2007-01-01

9

Astronomy and Public Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomy is an unusual science in that almost all of what we study can only be passively observed. We enjoy tremendous public support for our research and education, both domestically and abroad. Our discoveries in cosmology and exoplanets have captured world-wide attention, as have stunning images from the Great Observatories of NASA, and ground based telescopes. Despite the passive nature of our science, it touches humanity profoundly. There are groups of amateur astronomers in every conceivable country who meet to look at the sky. Almost one billion people from 150 countries participated in The International Year of Astronomy 2009. No other science reaches humanity as ours does. In a recent poll, it was found that the among all the things the US does abroad, US science is seen by the world as our most positive face. We as astronomers can use this good will to affect positive changes in the world through public policy. I would like to explore how astronomy has impacted public policy, especially foreign policy, and what more we can do in the future. I also hope to encourage astronomers that a career path into public policy is an excellent use of a Ph.D. in astronomy.

Suntzeff, Nicholas B.

2014-01-01

10

Public Policy Agenda, 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) public policy agenda, rooted in an uncompromising commitment to opportunity for the nation's students, is expressed through the following core principles: (1) Higher education is a common good that provides significant benefits to individuals and society as a whole; (2) America's…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2011

2011-01-01

11

Healthy public in all policies.  

PubMed

The introduction of the notion of 'Healthy Public Policy' in the Ottawa Charter is considered a relevant response to the emerging social-political context of the 1970s and 1980s. It also remains an important, yet volatile, argument for the consideration of policy impact on health. In our analysis, however, those that continued to argue for Healthy Public Policies and those who should develop them have remained naïve about the profound political dimensions of this exercise. Applying insights from the political sciences, we argue that greater levels of connectedness and commitment across civil society, and governance integration between sectors and levels of politicking and action are required for the further success of health integrated policies. The role of communities and the key communicative drivers of the Ottawa Charter (enable, mediate and advocate) need to be strengthened in more astute strategies. PMID:22080078

de Leeuw, Evelyne; Clavier, Carole

2011-12-01

12

Professional Charge: Involve Students in Public Policy. Public Policy Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates public policy education in higher education and student involvement in state public policy. Discusses ways to incorporate public policy education in university courses in family and consumer sciences curricula at the introductory, advanced, and graduate levels, including writing briefing reports, participating in professional…

Stanberry, Anne M.; Blackwell, Ann P.

1997-01-01

13

Ten Public Policy Issues for Higher Education in 2003 and 2004. Public Policy Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the seventh in a biennial series summarizing state and federal public policy issues affecting higher education. The purpose is to provide board members and other higher education officials with brief descriptions of the most important public policy issues. In one way or another, most of the public policy issues cited in this paper…

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2003

2003-01-01

14

Public policies as specification errors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treating public policies as computable dynamic general equilibrium model specification errors offers computational and conceptional advantages for comparing models with data. The set of policies calculated to rationalize observed behaviors raises the substantive economic question whether, in any particular market, actual public policies sufficiently coincide with the model's behavior-rationalizing policies, or whether the model offers correct hypotheses about the determinants

Casey B. Mulligan

2005-01-01

15

Ethics, Psychology, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introduction to the Journal of Forensic Psychology's new section on “Ethics, Psychology, and Public Policy,” this essay outlines the contours that characterize the interrelationship between ethics, psychology, and public policy. Offering a broad and inclusive framework for understanding this interrelationship, it lays out and comments upon several spheres of analysis - the practical\\/professional, law, lawmaking, and public policy, justice

Christopher R. Williams

2009-01-01

16

Human exposure monitoring and evaluation in the Arctic: the importance of understanding exposures to the development of public health policy.  

PubMed Central

Arctic indigenous peoples face significant challenges resulting from the contamination of Arctic air, water, and soil by persistent organic pollutants, heavy metals, and radionuclides. International cooperative efforts among governments and research institutions are under way to collect the information needed by environmental health scientists and public health officials to address environmental contamination in the Arctic. However, the climatic, political, and cultural conditions of the land and its native populations combine to present a unique set of scientific and logistic challenges to addressing this important public health issue. Public health officials have the responsibility to respect the cultural traditions of indigenous communities, while simultaneously designing strategies that will reduce their exposure to environmental contaminants and rates of disease and dysfunction. Researchers can better understand the link between environmental exposures and disease through monitoring programs for both the subsistence diets and health status of the indigenous populations. We suggest that the incorporation of community-based participatory research methods into programs designed to assess biomarkers of contaminant exposure in children and adults may be a valuable addition to ongoing and newly developed research programs. This approach could serve as a model for international environmental health initiatives, because it involves the participation of the local communities and seeks to builds trust between all stakeholders.

Suk, William A; Avakian, Maureen D; Carpenter, David; Groopman, John D; Scammell, Madeleine; Wild, Christopher P

2004-01-01

17

Family Economic Issues & Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging from two graduate seminars designed to increase the involvement of home economists in public policy, this publication includes course outlines, models, and papers on selected issues concerning family-related government policy. The structure and requirements of the two seminars, held in 1978 at the University of Kentucky, are described. A…

Kimsey, Peggy Poling; Paynter, Mary Ann

18

Professors, Politicians, and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The edited transcript of an AEI Public Policy Forum explores the relationship of academia to political life generally, and the the formation of public policy specifically. Themes discussed by the panelists include the effects of academia as an attitude-generating body, the universtiy as an adversary culture, and the changing social and political…

Daly, John Charles; And Others

19

Public Opinion, Public Policy, and HIV Infection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four-stage framework for considering the development of public policy in regard to the issue of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection is offered. The phases are denial, irrationality, acceptance, and the development of a rational response. Federal antidiscrimination policies which include persons with HIV infections as disabled are…

West, Jane

1989-01-01

20

The Nearly Invisible Voice of Organismal Biology in Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a view on public policy and the importance of biology. Discusses issues such as securing research funds, teaching of evolution and other curriculum issues, lobbying, and the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) Public Policy Office. (YDS)

Anderson, Gregory J.

2002-01-01

21

Behavior analysis and public policy  

PubMed Central

The Task Force on Public Policy was created to examine ways for behavior analysts to be more functional citizen scientists in the policymaking arena. This report informs readers about the contexts and processes of policymaking; and it outlines issues regarding the roles of behavior analysts in crating policy-relevant conceptual analyses, generating research data, and communicating policy-relevant information. We also discuss a possible role for the professional association in enhancing analysis, research, and advocacy on policies relevant to the public interest.

Fawcett, Stephen B.; Bernstein, Gail S.; Czyzewski, Mare J.; Greene, Brandon F.; Hannah, Gerald T.; Iwata, Brian A.; Jason, Leonard A.; Mathews, R. Mark; Morris, Edward K.; Otis-Wilborn, Amy; Seekins, Tom; Winett, Richard A.

1988-01-01

22

[Public policy and elderly women].  

PubMed

Talking about the aging population is talking about aged women. The census data in Puerto Rico reflects a considerable increase in this population sector. This increase represents a challenge to the provision of human services and to the formulation and implementation of public policy to this cohort. The public policy should be guided to end the existing inequality among sexes, recognize and deal adequately with the particular needs of the elderly women. Three areas of the public policy that are essential regarding the elderly women are: economic security, health care, and social services. PMID:2270247

Sánchez Salgado, C D

1990-04-01

23

Genetics and Public Policy Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Genomic Healthcare Challenges New Grant on Clinical WGS Sequencing Policy 04/04/12 Public wants genetic research ... genetic researchers who collect and study banked human DNA. more news releases... Surreptitious DNA testing The combination ...

24

Public policy and the ASA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the Ft. Lauderdale meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, the President of the Society authorized the formation of an ad hoc public policy committee to be named the Panel on Public Policy (PoPP). The Panel's mission is to serve the public interest by addressing and commenting on societal issues that fall within the broad range of disciplines that define the scope of the Society. The Panel's goal is to guide the development of ASA policies on, and responses to, questions that arise in relation to those issues. The operational plan calls for the Panel to execute its responsibility by generating and releasing Executive Council mandated and approved position statements, reports, or results of in-depth studies on issues affecting public health and welfare for use by appropriate legislative and policy-making entities. The structure, composition, and operational plan of the Panel will be discussed in general terms and specific prospective projects will be summarized.

Walsh, E. J.

2002-05-01

25

Science, Scientists, and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The politically relevant behavior of scientists in the formulation of public policy by the United States government from 1945-68 is studied. The following types of policy issues are treated: science, space, weather, weapons, deterrence and defense, health, fiscal and monetary, pollution, conservation, antitrust, transportation safety, trade and…

Schooler, Dean, Jr.

26

Good Chemical Measurements, Good Public Policies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At every turn now, one encounters sharply debated issues and important public policies that rest on chemical information. This is true in practically any arena where public interest intersects with the material world: health care practice and public health; energy; quality of air, water, and food; manufacturing standards and product liability; criminal justice; national and international security, including the defense against terrorism. The scale can be truly global, as in the case of the current debate over climate change, which extends into international efforts to regulate gaseous emissions. Sometimes the relevant chemical measurements and applicable theory are sound and their scope is appropriate to the policy; often they are inadequate and a policy or debate overreaches the analytical capability needed to support it. In the decades ahead, the issues with us today will become even more pressing and will drive a still greater reliance on analytical chemistry. This presentation will have four parts covering (a) illustrations of the impact of analytical chemistry on public debate and public policy, including instances where analytical capabilities actually gave rise to new issues and policies, (b) the manner in which chemical information is handled and understood in public debates, (c) areas of analytical chemistry that will be critical to sound public policy in the future, and (d) implications for the education of leaders and general citizens of modern societies.

Faulkner, Larry R.

2005-02-01

27

Public-Private Manpower Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book deals with the question of identifying the optimal mix between public and private programs and provides some guides concerning the appropriate role of government in the manpower area. There is a need for public manpower programs which give some long range direction to manpower policies and which give continuing emphasis to the…

Weber, Arnold R., Ed.; And Others

28

Trustees and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Washington-based national organizations are seen as effective in dealing with the government, especially on technical questions. But when major policy issues are to be decided, it is suggested that a college president or board member is more effective. Knowing the committee structure is seen as necessary for influencing legislation. (Author/MLW)

Saunders, Charles B.; Bellows, Everett H.

1980-01-01

29

Risk and Public Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seismic risks are considered for which public authorities have all or part of the decisionmaking power to define collective interests and mitigate or control the level of exposure. The objective is to deal consistently with risks in a given philosophical ...

M. E. Pate

1979-01-01

30

Essays on Public Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many public school choice programs use centralized mechanisms to match students with schools in absence of market-clearing prices. Among them, the Boston mechanism is one of the most widely used. It is well-known that truth-telling may not be optimal under the Boston mechanism, which raises the concern that the mechanism may create a disadvantage…

He, Yinghua

2011-01-01

31

[Alcohol-related public policies].  

PubMed

The article is a review of studies on alcohol-related problems and public policies for consumption reduction addressing recent national and international scientific evidences. In this way, literature review was carried out on alcohol-related public policies through searches in MEDLINE, SCiELO and LILACS databases. Policies for alcohol consumption reduction have been implemented in different countries to minimize its effects on people's health and safety but only recently such strategies and interventions have been scientifically evaluated. It is discussed better cost-effectiveness policies for reducing harmful effects and socioeconomic costs associated with alcohol use through the development of strategies favoring changes in behavior and harmful consumption contexts that can be applicable to different communities. PMID:17923906

Duailibi, Sérgio; Laranjeira, Ronaldo

2007-10-01

32

Public Policy for Efficient Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the role of public policy in promoting efficiency in human capital accumulation. Agents accumulate human capital by allocating time to home study and school attendance. The return to time spent in school is subject to congestion. The individual also faces an aggregate externality in skill accumulation. We find that a tuition fee combined with personal stipends can correct

Walter H; Christian Keuschnigg

2002-01-01

33

Public Policy Institute of California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the early 1990s, a group of concerned Californians (including William R. Hewlett) decided that there should be a policy research institution dedicated to providing both wise counsel and expertise on the issues and events that were of great concern to the residents of the state. With a sizable gift of $70 million, the Public Policy Institute of California was formally created in 1994, and since that time they have continued their research with great vigor, along with disseminating their findings to the broader public. Visitors to the Institute's homepage can look over their reports listed by topic area, such as demography, education, or political participation. Scholars and policy analysts will appreciate the "Data Depot" area which includes information on the natural resource budget over the past three decades and information on the federal transit grants provided to different parts of the state.

34

Public policy and healthcare systems.  

PubMed

Public policy in healthcare affects physician and patient choices. In many ways it may limit choices. These choices present conflicts that are discussed here. Some issues depend on the laws enacted to enable either a single-payer system or that mixed with a private-payer system. In each case, the systems attain some cost controls through means such as gatekeepers, long wait lists, authorization processes, national fee schedules, complex coding schemes, or placing physicians on salary. National health systems are compared here. No one system has proven completely satisfactory, and each has its advantages. There are many factors that contribute to the escalating costs of care that lead to many healthcare public policies to constrain costs. Initiatives to incentivize preventive actions are a more positive step, but ones that are difficult to define in detail. PMID:24182385

Nuwer, Marc R

2013-01-01

35

Youth Gangs and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have begun to document the changing organizational forms of youth gangs in the United States. The emergence\\/re-emergence of these gangs, often accompanied by increased violence and involvement in drug use and\\/or trafficking, poses major public policy issues. However, little empirical research has been conducted on this subject, and very few studies have been based on interviews with gang

C. Ronald Huff

1989-01-01

36

Arizona State University Library Publication Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Arizona State University (Tempe) Library publication policy provides librarians with a single source to consult when writing standard library handouts, i.e., publications made available for public use. The policy also applies to materials printed with funds from outside the Instructional Services printing budget. This policy paper covers the…

Arizona State Univ., Tempe. Univ. Library.

37

Shaping public policy: a challenge in faith.  

PubMed

Religious health care's involvement in public policy is an essential part of Christian life. The most important way in which Catholic hospitals and health care systems can contribute to public policy is through faith-reflection upon their identity and calling. To guide the shaping of public policy, several theological models have been set forth. The theology of democratic capitalism is based on individual human creativity. As a system of political economy organized to prevent the centralization of government power, it thrives on free competition. Well- intentioned social programs that seek to equalize results, according to democratic capitalists , inevitably lead to greater government control and should be avoided. Inequality, in fact, according to this theory, can create incentive for individuals and industry to be more productive. The stewardship approach to theological reflection calls for a distribution of goods and services based on need. The right to health care, for example, is founded in God's gift of creation to all inhabitants. The resources of creation are allotted to individuals as property in a sense of cooperation and sharing. Thus, according to this notion, government programs that help society steward its resources wisely should be promoted. The U.S. bishops ' 1981 pastoral letter on health and health care presents a third model, which reflects on the dignity of human beings as images of God to guide public policy. Models, however, must not replace personal theological reflection. Catholic health care providers share a responsibility to evaluate social issues from their perspective as members of the healing ministry and to participate in public policy development. PMID:10266503

Hug, J E

1984-05-01

38

Health Psychology and Public Policy: The Political Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past 20 years, psychologists have successfully modified federal statutes, resulting in recognition of the profession’s clinical and research expertise. Despite these successes, professional psychology’s training institutions have largely failed to address basic issues in health policy and the implications of national health policy for psychology. The importance of public health programs under Title VII of the Public Health

Patrick H. DeLeon; Robert G. Frank; Danny Wedding

1995-01-01

39

Evidence on public policy: methodological issues, political issues and examples.  

PubMed

In this paper I discuss how evidence on public policy is generated and in particular the issue of evaluation of public policies. In economics, the issue of attribution and the identification of causal links has recently received considerable attention. Important methodological issues have been tackled and new techniques have been proposed and used. Randomized Control Trials have become some sort of gold standard. However, they are not exempt from problems and have important limitations: in some case they cannot be constructed and, more generally, problems of external validity and transferability of results can be important. The paper then moves on to discuss the political economy of policy evaluations for policy evaluations to have an impact for the conduct of actual policy, it is important that the demand for evaluation comes directly from the policy making process and is generated endogenously within it. In this sense it is important that the institutional design of policy making is such that policy making institutions are incentivized to use rigorous evaluation in the process of designing policies and allocating resources to alternative options. Economists are currently involved in the design and evaluation of many policies, including policies about health, nutrition and education. The role they can play in these fields is not completely obvious. The paper argues that their main contribution is in the modelling of how individual reacts to incentives (including those provided by public policies). PMID:24553852

Attanasio, Orazio P

2014-03-01

40

The Limitations of 'Policy Transfer' and 'Lesson Drawing' for Public Policy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concepts of 'lesson drawing' and 'policy transfer' have become increasingly influential ways of understanding public policy, especially in the UK. However, the main proponents of the concepts, Rose for 'lesson drawing' and Dolowitz and Marsh for 'policy transfer', have dif- ficulty in providing convincing answers to three questions that are important for them and those engaged in similar studies.

Oliver James; Martin Lodge

2003-01-01

41

Public Policies and Public Resale Housing Prices in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Singapore, the public resale housing market is an active second-hand housing market, whereby previously subsidised new public housing units were being transacted at market prices. In contrast to the private housing price determinants that have been identified in the international literature, the prices of public resale housing in Singapore are largely determined by public policies rather than by economic

Yong Tu; Grace K. M. Wong

2002-01-01

42

Healthy public policy A conceptual cognitive framework.  

PubMed

More than three decades ago, the report A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians (1974) highlighted the significance of other determinants than the healthcare system. The adoption of healthy public policy was identified in the Ottawa Charter (1986) as one of five strategies aiming to promote health. It must now be acknowledged that even if we have a better understanding of health determinants, the latter are not necessarily taken into consideration when developing public policies. The purpose of this paper is to help foster a better understanding of the healthy public policies by presenting a conceptual framework that is inspired by the Advocacy Coalition Framework developed by Sabatier and Jenkins-Smith (1999). On the one hand, this paper intends to show the relevance of the notion of subsystem of public policies in healthy public policy process. On the other, it aims to convince that it is necessary to channel the analysis around the decision-making process, the prospective evaluation of public policies and the knowledge transfer and appropriation process. Finally, the purpose of this paper is to contribute to the ongoing debate about the role of knowledge, values or beliefs in the formulation and adoption of public policies. After briefly summarizing the theoretical developments in studies on public policies, the logic and components of the ACF are introduced. The main criticisms regarding the ACF are then examined, followed by an introduction of the conceptual framework that is adapted to the reality of healthy public policies. The notions of the subsystem of public policy(ies), of process and of learning process are central to this framework. PMID:16793169

Gagnon, France; Turgeon, Jean; Dallaire, Clémence

2007-04-01

43

Mass media and public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

If more informed voters receive favorable policies, then mass media should influence policy because it provides most of the information people use in voting. This paper uses a simple model to analyze the effect of mass media provision of news on a number of policy issues: redistribution, the size of the government sector, rents and corruption, the effectiveness of lobby

David Strömberg

2001-01-01

44

Public Safety Mashups to Support Policy Makers  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a To shape an effective and sound public safety policy, policy makers have a need for statistical insights in factors that may\\u000a influence public safety. Today, there is a wide variety of sources available that contain data that is related to public safety.\\u000a The data in these sources varies from register to survey data. There is a growing need to mash

Sunil Choenni; Erik Leertouwer

2010-01-01

45

Public policy involvement by health commissioners.  

PubMed

The purpose of this national study was to determine advocacy activities and level of involvement of health commissioners regarding public policy. Benefits, barriers, and perceived outcomes of advocacy efforts were also explored. A previously validated (Holtrop et al., Am J Health Behav 24(2):132-142, 2000) four-page survey was mailed to 700 health commissioners, who were randomly selected from the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) database. A three-wave mailing was performed which yielded a 50% response rate. Of these respondents, the majority (70%) were female and (88%) Caucasian. Overall, 31% of health commissioners reported being involved in influencing public policy in the last 4 years. The most common reported activities engaged in by health commissioners included voting (84%), and providing policy information to consumers or other professionals (77%). Perceived barriers to influencing policy were time, (64%), and other priorities (46%). Perceived benefits to influencing policy included improving the health of the public (94%) and making a difference in others' lives (87%). Only 15% perceived their knowledge regarding the process of changing public policy was excellent. Although health commissioners are often spokespersons for health agencies and communities, their public policy involvement is marginal. Professional preparation programs and continuing education opportunities should focus on advocacy, public policy development, and removing barriers to action. PMID:19343489

Thompson, Amy; Boardley, Debra; Kerr, Dianne; Greene, Tiffany; Jenkins, Melissa

2009-08-01

46

Healthy Communities and public policy: four success stories.  

PubMed Central

As Healthy Communities initiatives mature, many of them are discovering that their work in building community consensus for improved health care and other quality-of-life issues can be transformed into public policy. This article shows how Healthy Communities initiatives have had important effects on policy making at both the county and state level in several cities and states.

Adams, C F

2000-01-01

47

Public Policy and Community Colleges... Challenges Yet Unmet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of State Education Leader titled "Public Policy and Community Colleges" focuses on issues of importance to community colleges. The highlighted articles in this issue discuss current legislation and reform that has impacted community colleges. In "Challenges Yet Unmet," Katherine Boswell discusses how state policy leaders look to…

Walker, Sherry Freeland, Ed.

1998-01-01

48

Public policy action and CCC implementation: benefits and hurdles.  

PubMed

Policy change continues to be an increasingly effective means of advancing the agenda of comprehensive cancer control. Efforts have moved progressively from describing how public policy can enhance the comprehensive cancer control agenda to implementation of public policy best practices at both the state and federal levels. The current political and economic contexts bring additional challenges and opportunities to the efforts surrounding comprehensive cancer control and policy. The purpose of this paper is to highlight recent policy successes, to illustrate the importance of policy as a means of advancing the comprehensive cancer control agenda, and to discuss continued policy action as we move forward in a time of healthcare reform and continuing economic uncertainty. PMID:21086034

Steger, Carter; Daniel, Kelley; Gurian, Gary L; Petherick, J T; Stockmyer, Chris; David, Annette M; Miller, Sara E

2010-12-01

49

Public policy action and CCC implementation: benefits and hurdles  

PubMed Central

Policy change continues to be an increasingly effective means of advancing the agenda of comprehensive cancer control. Efforts have moved progressively from describing how public policy can enhance the comprehensive cancer control agenda to implementation of public policy best practices at both the state and federal levels. The current political and economic contexts bring additional challenges and opportunities to the efforts surrounding comprehensive cancer control and policy. The purpose of this paper is to highlight recent policy successes, to illustrate the importance of policy as a means of advancing the comprehensive cancer control agenda, and to discuss continued policy action as we move forward in a time of healthcare reform and continuing economic uncertainty.

Daniel, Kelley; Gurian, Gary L.; Petherick, J. T.; Stockmyer, Chris; David, Annette M.; Miller, Sara E.

2010-01-01

50

Community How To Guide On Underage Drinking Prevention: Public Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Targeting public policy is a necessary part of a successful underage drinking prevention effort. This 'Community How to Guide on Public Policy' details how coalitions and organizations can effectively work to change public policies that impact underage dr...

2000-01-01

51

Public opinion polling on gun policy.  

PubMed

Faced with the national epidemic of gun violence, legislators should be especially sensitive to their constituents' support for various policy options. This support is best evidenced by well-conducted public opinion polls. We review public opinion polls on gun policy since 1987. Although the public support for a number of promising interventions targeting the design and manufacture of firearms has not been meaningfully investigated, strong support is evidenced for most other gun-control options. The public also believes, contrary to Supreme Court rulings, that the Second Amendment to the Constitution protects a broad individual right to bear arms. PMID:8125437

Vernick, J S; Teret, S P; Howard, K A; Teret, M D; Wintemute, G J

1993-01-01

52

Public Policies that Help Foster Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policies can be effective in raising people's social inclusion as intended only reasonably through their implementation. With respect to the implementation perspective, this study examines the effectiveness of eight policies as perceived to implement in Hong Kong, China. The study employs data collected from 1,109 Chinese adults randomly…

Cheung, Chau-kiu

2013-01-01

53

Policies Governing Admission to Jordanian Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper intends to discuss the policy of admission to Jordanian public universities. This admission rules are variable and open to almost 100% of the graduates from secondary schools. This might refer to the historical events and economic conditions that the country has gone through since its establishment. Furthermore, the admission policy is…

Massadeh, Nassar

2012-01-01

54

Airline Deregulation and Public Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An assessment of the effects of airline deregulation on travelers and carriers indicates that deregulation has provided travelers and carriers with 14.9 billion of annual benefits (1988 dollars). Airport congestion, airline safety, airline bankruptcy, and mergers are also analyzed and found in most cases to have reduced benefits. But, these costs should not be attributed to deregulation per se, but to failures by the government to pursue appropriate policies in these areas. Pursuit of policies that promote airline competition and efficient use of airport capacity would significantly increase the benefits from deregulation and would provide valuable guidance for other industries undergoing the transition to deregulation.

Morrison, Steven A.; Winston, Clifford

1989-08-01

55

Congress Revisits NIH Public Access Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An article from The Physiologist about how NIH instituted a voluntary Public Access Policy in early 2005, requesting that all NIH-funded researchers submit their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts to PubMed Central (PMC) no more than 12 months after publication in a journal.

2008-12-01

56

Public Criticism of Health Science Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major criticisms of health science policy are that (1) health science research is not presently designed to help the public which pays for it; (2) the public should have greater control over health science research; and (3) federal funding of training for health science research is an inappropriate use of tax funds. (Author/DB)

Hutt, Peter Barton

1978-01-01

57

Is College Opportunity Slipping Away? Parents and the Public Voice Concerns about Higher Education Access and Affordability. Policy Alert  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Policy Alert" is a publication series that summarizes important policy findings affecting the future of higher education. This issue is based on an earlier study, "Squeeze Play: How Parents and the Public Look at Higher Education Today," from the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education and Public Agenda. This "Policy Alert"…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2008

2008-01-01

58

Asthma, Public Health, and Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Asthma is one of America’s most perplexing public health problems. It is a ubiquitous and costly disease of society, as well\\u000a as individuals. This chapter examines asthma in the larger context of public health by discussing different but related aspects\\u000a of disease management and control. We will consider the way the characteristics of the society affect the extent and severity

Noreen M. Clark

59

Priming Risk: The Accessibility of Uncertainty in Public Policy Decision Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public opinion plays an important role in affecting policy outcomes. Additionally, risk plays an equally important role in decision making (economic and noneconomic). Yet, we know little about how individuals incorporate risk when forming attitudes on public policy issues. When asked to give an opinion about a policy proposal, individuals are often not presented with information about the uncertainty involved

David L. Eckles; Brian F. Schaffner

2011-01-01

60

Public Policy and Higher Education. ASHE Reader Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essays in this collection explore issues related to public policy and higher education. They are intended to provide foundational readings in public policy and to explore contemporary public policy issues facing higher education. The chapters are: (1) "The Nature of the Policy Process" (Randall B. Ripley); (2) "Promoting Policy Theory:…

Goodchild, Lester F., Ed.; Lovell, Cheryl D., Ed.; Hines, Edward R., Ed.; Gill, Judith I., Ed.

61

American Indians: Social Justice and Public Policy. Ethnicity and Public Policy Series, Volume IX.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses legal and social aspects of public policy in American society and their relationship to fulfilling the promise of social justice for American Indians. U.S. public policy is viewed as reflecting the collective sentiments of the electorate. If the American people have the will to bring about change in the socioeconomic conditions…

Green, Donald E., Ed.; Tonnesen, Thomas V., Ed.

62

CRCHD Publications- Latino/a Research & Policy Center  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD Publications- Latino/a Research & Policy Center  Back to CRCHD Completed Research SPN Publications Latino/a Research & Policy Center Latino/a Research & Policy Center Principal Investigator: Estevan Flores, Ph.D. (eflores@carbon.cudenver.edu)

63

AGU Public Affairs: How to Get Involved in Science Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

AGU Public Affairs offers many ways for its members to get involved in science policy at different levels of participation, whether you would love to spend a year working as a resident science expert in a congressional office in Washington, D.C., or would rather simply receive email alerts about Earth and space science policy news. How you can get involved: Sign up for AGU Science Policy Alerts to receive the most relevant Earth and space science policy information delivered to your email inbox. Participate in one of AGU's Congressional Visits Days to speak with your legislators about important science issues. Attend the next AGU Science Policy Conference in spring 2013. Participate in events happening on Capitol Hill, and watch video of past events. Learn about AGU Embassy Lectures, where countries come together to discuss important Earth and space science topics. Learn how you can comment on AGU Position Statements. Apply to be an AGU Congressional Science Fellow, where you can work in a congressional office for one year and serve as a resident science expert, or to be an AGU Public Affairs Intern, where you can work in the field of science policy for three months. The AGU Public Affairs Team will highlight ways members can be involved as well as provide information on how the team is working to shape policy and inform society about the excitement of AGU science.

Landau, E. A.; Hankin, E. R.; Uhlenbrock, K. M.

2012-12-01

64

Experiences from the Swedish determinants-based public health policy.  

PubMed

A comprehensive Swedish public health policy was adopted by the Swedish Parliament, the Riksdag, in April 2003. It pushes health up on the political agenda and affords equity in health high priority. The first phase of implementation of the policy, 2003-5, is described in the 2005 Public Health Policy Report published by the Swedish National Institute of Public Health (SNIPH). For the purpose of investigating the implementation, SNIPH has monitored the development of 42 determinants and used reports from 22 central agencies and eight county administrative boards together with interviews with all Sweden's county councils (21) and a questionnaire sent out to all municipalities (290). The experiences from the implementation of the policy are that: the determinants approach-focusing on structural factors in society, people's living conditions, and health behaviors that affect health-is in general well understood and emphasizes the role of other sectors in public health; the use of indicators to follow up exposures to determinants is of key importance; the support to actors outside the health service is needed to identify their public health role; a continuous steering from the government and other political bodies is of vital importance; public health promotion on the regional level needs a higher level of coordination; municipalities need more skills development. Sweden has a new government that was elected in September 2006; the new government has retracted the former government's public health policy communication submitted to the Riksdag in the spring of 2006, but does not intend to change the public health policy. PMID:19771952

Lundgren, Bernt

2009-01-01

65

Experiences from the Swedish determinants-based public health policy.  

PubMed

A comprehensive Swedish public health policy was adopted by the Swedish Parliament, the Riksdag, in April 2003. It pushes health up on the political agenda and affords equity in health high priority. The first phase of implementation of the policy, 2003-5, is described in the 2005 Public Health Policy Report published by the Swedish National Institute of Public Health (SNIPH). For the purpose of investigating the implementation, SNIPH has monitored the development of 42 determinants and used reports from 22 central agencies and eight county administrative boards together with interviews with all Sweden's county councils (21) and a questionnaire sent out to all municipalities (290). The experiences from the implementation of the policy are that: the determinants approach - focusing on structural factors in society, people's living conditions and health behaviours that affect health - is in general well understood and emphasises the role of other sectors in public health; the use of indicators to follow up exposures to determinants is of key importance; the support to actors outside the health service is needed to identify their public health role; a continuous steering from the government and other political bodies is of vital importance; public health promotion on the regional level needs a higher level of co-ordination; municipalities need more skills development; Sweden has a new government that was elected in September 2006; the new government has retracted the former government's public health policy communication submitted to the Riksdag in the spring of 2006, but does not intend to change the public health policy. PMID:18556734

Lundgren, Bernt

2008-06-01

66

Suicide, guns, and public policy.  

PubMed

Suicide is a serious public health concern that is responsible for almost 1 million deaths each year worldwide. It is commonly an impulsive act by a vulnerable individual. The impulsivity of suicide provides opportunities to reduce the risk of suicide by restricting access to lethal means. In the United States, firearms, particularly handguns, are the most common means of suicide. Despite strong empirical evidence that restriction of access to firearms reduces suicides, access to firearms in the United States is generally subject to few restrictions. Implementation and evaluation of measures such as waiting periods and permit requirements that restrict access to handguns should be a top priority for reducing deaths from impulsive suicide in the United States. PMID:23153127

Lewiecki, E Michael; Miller, Sara A

2013-01-01

67

Corporate philanthropy, lobbying, and public health policy.  

PubMed

To counter negative publicity about the tobacco industry, Philip Morris has widely publicized its philanthropy initiatives. Although corporate philanthropy is primarily a public relations tool, contributions may be viewed as offsetting the harms caused by corporate products and practices. That such donations themselves have harmful consequences has been little considered. Drawing on internal company documents, we explored the philanthropy undertaken as part of Philip Morris's PM21 image makeover. Philip Morris explicitly linked philanthropy to government affairs and used contributions as a lobbying tool against public health policies. Through advertising, covertly solicited media coverage, and contributions to legislators' pet causes, Philip Morris improved its image among key voter constituencies, influenced public officials, and divided the public health field as grantees were converted to stakeholders. PMID:18923118

Tesler, Laura E; Malone, Ruth E

2008-12-01

68

Public Policy in Gifted Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Raising some of the most challenging questions in the field, this call-to-arms focuses on the important services gifted programs provide, the potential crisis gifted educators face, and what must be done to keep the gifted child movement alive and well. Key features include: (1) James J. Gallagher's unflinching account of the issues that continue…

Gallagher, James J., Ed; Reis, Sally M., Ed.

2004-01-01

69

Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies--1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers aims to improve the policy education efforts of extension workers responsible for public affairs programs. The first section, "An Evolving Public Policy Education" examines the history of public education; address current issues such as leadership models, ethics in policy formation and policy education; and forecasts…

Farm Foundation, Chicago, IL.

70

Community How To Guide On Underage Drinking Prevention: Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Targeting public policy is a necessary part of a successful underage drinking prevention effort. This guide details how coalitions and organizations can effectively work to change public policies that impact underage drinking. The booklet first explains the elements of public policy including laws, regulations, and the policies and practices of…

National Association of Governors' Highway Safety Representatives.

71

Asbestos: Mineralogy, Health Hazards, and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this laboratory exercise students will have an opportunity to examine the crystal structures, optical properties and health hazards of the common asbestos minerals. The laboratory will reinforce optical microscopic skills that students have learned in mineralogy and show them how mineralogy can be critical to understanding a current public policy issue.

Lang, Helen

72

Training and Public Policy: Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by an advisory board of industry and education representatives to raise issues for the consideration of policy makers, community college administrators, labor leaders, and managers in Michigan, this report discusses the increasing significance of training to industry; the challenge to public education and, in particular, to community…

Jacobs, James

73

Academic Values, Institutional Management and Public Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impacts of market-related policies and revenues on higher education are not uniform but globalisation has opened most institutions to new pressures. The public funding models developed 50 years ago underestimated the full cost of mass higher education as an entitlement while the sheer scale of resources needed to sustain a comprehensive…

Ward, David

2007-01-01

74

Involving Citizens in Making Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Citizen participation in public policy making is a serious jeopardy because of the frustration cause by an enormous avalanche of information, by the impersonalization of our institutions, and by the technological revolution. A small social action committee dedicated to the collective interchange of ideas and information and working in an…

Weeks, Silas B.

1970-01-01

75

Public Policy Issues on the Horizon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) has identified public policy issues of interest to its membership in 1997, including those in budget and appropriations, college costs and pricing, distance learning and technology, environmental health and safety, federal audit and accounting standards, Higher Education…

Business Officer, 1997

1997-01-01

76

Public Telecommunications Policies and Education's Options.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of satellite telecommunications for educational and other public service purposes has been restricted by educators' lack of awareness of the potential that exists. While industry actively promotes its own interests, educators rarely even realize that international policies being made today will affect critically the options available for…

Norwood, Frank W.

77

Influencing Public Policy through Collaborative Efforts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses how the collaboration of several educational groups (the Illinois Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, Illinois Association of Teacher Education, Commission for Quality Teacher Education in Illinois, Golden Apple Foundation, and Illinois Staff Development Council) has helped influence public policy. The…

Brulle, Andrew R.

78

Public Policy and Union Security in the Public Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the legal status of union security in the public sector and indicates that the basic policy options are to limit union security to the voluntary dues check-off, to authorize the parties to negotiate union or agency shop agreements, or to establish a mandatory fee for the exclusive representative. (Author/IRT)

Nelson Nels E.

1978-01-01

79

Australian public health policy in 2003 - 2004  

PubMed Central

In Australia, compared with other developed countries the many and varied programs which comprise public health have continued to be funded poorly and unsystematically, particularly given the amount of publicly voiced political support. In 2003, the major public health policy developments in communicable disease control were in the fields of SARS, and vaccine funding, whilst the TGA was focused on the Pan Pharmaceutical crisis. Programs directed to health maintenance and healthy ageing were approved. The tertiary education sector was involved in the development of programs for training the public health workforce and new professional qualifications and competencies. The Abelson Report received support from overseas experts, providing a potential platform for calls to improve national funding for future Australian preventive programs; however, inconsistencies continued across all jurisdictions in their approaches to tackling national health priorities. Despite 2004 being an election year, public health policy was not visible, with the bulk of the public health funding available in the 2004/05 federal budget allocated to managing such emerging risks as avian flu. We conclude by suggesting several implications for the future.

Lin, Vivian; Robinson, Priscilla

2005-01-01

80

Important Notice Investigator Financial Disclosure Policy  

NSF Publications Database

... of the investigator's spouse and dependent children) (i) that would reasonably appear to be directly ... and the investigator's spouse and dependent children. c. An institutional policy must ensure that ...

81

Roundtable on public policy affecting patient safety.  

PubMed

On April 15, 2010, patient safety experts were assembled to discuss the adequacy of the public policy response to the Institute of Medicine report "To Err is Human" 10 years after its publication. The experts concluded that additional government actions should be considered. Actions that deserve consideration include the development of an educational campaign to improve public and provider understanding of the issue as a means to support change similar to successful public health campaigns, support the evolution of payment reform away from fee for service, create a clearer aim or goal for patient safety activities, support the development and use of better safety measures to judge status and improvement, and support for additional learning of what works particularly on implementation issues. Participants included: Moderator Robert Crane, senior advisor, Kaiser Permanente Participants Doug Bonacum, vice president, Safety Management, Kaiser Permanente Janet Corrigan, PhD, president and CEO, National Quality Forum Helen Darling, MA, president and CEO, National Business Group on Health Susan Edgman-Levitan, PA, executive director, John D. Stoeckle Center for Primary Care Innovation, Massachusetts General Hospital David M. Lawrence, MD, MPH, chairman and CEO (Retired), Kaiser Foundation Health Plan and Hospitals, Inc Lucian Leape, MD, adjunct professor of Health Policy, Harvard School of Public Health Diane C. Pinakiewicz, president, National Patient Safety Foundation Robert M. Wachter, MD, professor and associate chairman, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco. PMID:22026014

Crane, Robert M; Raymond, Brian

2011-03-01

82

Statistics for Public Policy and Sociology Quizzes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides links to tests and quizzes for the Statistics and Data Analysis for Public Policy and Sociology course at Duke University, 1992 through 1995. This is an older site, but the sets of tests and quizzes are still valuable. Each one could be translated into an exam for either a statistics or sociology course. There are thirty-eight total exams/quizzes. This is valuable tool for crafting questions for lower level sociology/statistics courses.

2009-02-27

83

Public knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward Kansas mandatory seatbelt use: implications for public health policy.  

PubMed

State law and policies established by legislative bodies represent an important machinery for amplifying the effects of behavior change efforts in individuals and groups. This study shows the inter-relationships of public health policy, behavior, attitude, knowledge of the general public and how their outcomes can affect health and safety, policy formulation, enactment, implementation, policy evaluation and its revision or repeal. Observational and interview surveys of the driving public were conducted over an eighteen month period (1987-1989) in Kansas. Results showed major differences in the public's knowledge, attitudes, and behavior toward the new mandatory seatbelt law across different geographic locations of metropolitan, urban and suburban areas. The new law had the support of more than half of those interviewed. The public's knowledge and attitude on the seatbelt use and law were far from being ideal. Much work is needed to convince about 27% of the driving public who declared they never use their seatbelts and would ignore any law/policy that would force them to comply. PMID:10116578

Adeyanju, M

1991-01-01

84

Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies--1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication reports the major discussions at a conference that was held to improve the policy education efforts of extension workers responsible for public affairs programs. It begins with abstracts of the 22 presentations. Four papers deal with public policy education in the 1990s: "To Inform Their Discretion: Policy Education and Democratic…

Halbrook, Steve A., Ed.; Grace, Teddee E., Ed.

85

Forecasting, growth management and public policy decision making  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper's objective is to describe the interplay between forecasting and decision making. It shows how a forecast helped shape public policy and, in turn, how public policy influenced a forecast, within the context of the growth management effort underway in the San Diego region. The forecast identified economic challenges and land use issues facing the region and public policy

Jeff Tayman

1996-01-01

86

Climate Change and Public Policy After Copenhagen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Richard Somerville argues that one of the most important factors left out of debates on policies to address climate change is population growth. He asserts that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report of 2007 probably understates the rapid rise of carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere and rising temperatures as measured and observed from a wide variety of sources:

Matthew E Kahn; Richard Somerville

2010-01-01

87

Parents, Public Policy, and Youth Smoking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper jointly examines the importance of parental influences, prices, and tobacco control policies on the smoking behavior of youths. Data are drawn from the Audits & Surveys (A&S) 1996 survey of high school students across the United States from "The Study of Smoking and Tobacco Use Among Young People" to examine the impact of parental…

Powell, Lisa M.; Chaloupka, Frank J.

2005-01-01

88

The Policy Implications of Internet Connectivity in Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The provision of public Internet access and related networked services by public libraries is affected by a number of information policy issues. This article analyzes the policy dimensions of Internet connectivity in public libraries in light of the data and findings from a national survey of public libraries conducted by the authors of this…

Jaeger, Paul T.; Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.; Langa, Lesley A.

2006-01-01

89

The Policy Implications of Internet Connectivity in Public Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of public Internet access and related networked services by public libraries is affected by a number of information policy issues. This article analyzes the policy dimensions of Internet connectivity in public libraries in light of the data and findings from a national survey of public libraries conducted by the authors of this article. After providing a summary of

Paul T. Jaeger; John Carlo Bertot; Charles R. McClure; Lesley A. Langa

2006-01-01

90

Public-policy responsibilities in a restructured electricity industry  

SciTech Connect

In this report, we identify and define the key public-policy values, objectives, and actions that the US electricity industry currently meets. We also discuss the opportunities for meeting these objectives in a restructured industry that relies primarily on market forces rather than on government mandates. And we discuss those functions that governments might undertake, presumably because they will not be fully met by a restructured industry on its own. These discussions are based on a variety of inputs. The most important inputs came from participants in an April 1995 workshop on Public-Policy Responsibilities and Electric Industry Restructuring: Shaping the Research Agenda. Other sources of information and insights include the reviews of a draft of this report by workshop participants and others and the rapidly growing literature on electric-industry restructuring and its implications. One of the major concerns about the future of the electricity industry is the fate of numerous social and environmental programs supported by today`s electric utilities. Many people worry that a market-driven industry may not meet the public-policy objectives that electric utilities have met in the past. Examples of potentially at-risk programs include demand-side management (DSM), renewable energy, low-income weatherization, and fuel diversity. Workshop participants represented electric utilities, public utility commissions (PUCs), state energy offices, public-interest groups, other energy providers, and the research community.

Tonn, B.; Hirst, E.; Bauer, D.

1995-06-01

91

Evaluation of Taiwan's National Health Insurance policy: an importance-satisfaction analysis.  

PubMed

The hypothesis that policy performance affects citizens' satisfaction with public policies could be considered a well-worn topic. However, this paper shows that the extant literature has not adequately conceptualized nor addressed the relationship, which could exist between citizens' satisfaction and importance of the evaluation's indicators. The findings of most previous studies reflect elite perspectives on Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) policy evaluation, and the importance of the evaluation's indicators may not be recognized by the public. In addition, previous satisfaction studies have not provided information on the level of evaluative indicator importance. This study utilized importance-satisfaction analysis to examine public preferences of the NHI policy and assigned weights for NHI policy evaluation indicators by administering a national phone survey in October 2009. A total of 1103 telephone interviews were conducted with people aged 20?years and older, comprising a sample that was representative of the Taiwanese population according to age, gender, and area of residence. Furthermore, to explore the difference between expected importance and perceived satisfaction, this study calculated a reconceptualized performance gap. To obtain the gap value for an indicator, the mean value for importance was subtracted from the mean value for satisfaction. The findings imply that public recognition and support constitute the premise for the successful operation and reform of the NHI policy. The study concludes that policy adjustment is needed in several areas where importance outweighed satisfaction, including access to medical care services and NHI efficiency. The results suggest public recognition of and satisfaction with the evaluation indicators in use and the need for policy adjustment in areas where importance outweighs satisfaction. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:23494879

Liu, I-Chun

2014-04-01

92

Public policy issues in animal bioacoustics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Control of anthropogenic noise in many terrestrial and underwater environments is crucial for maintaining communication, health, and normal behavior of animals. Noise can be an issue for any species; usually, however, endangered and threatened species and marine mammals are the ones provided legal protection under the Endangered Species Act and/or the Marine Mammal Protection Act. Recent substantiated noise effects in the ocean have received much publicity and generated a more global approach to noise control. However, there are also cases where publicity was not accompanied by scientific data substantiating effects (e.g., an incident involving a $1 million noise barrier installed to protect passerine birds). The public and environmental managers have had difficulty developing adequate guidelines not only because necessary data are often lacking, but also because the manner in which funding is allocated-noise-producing agencies or private organizations are often pressured to fund studies-gives rise to inevitable conflicts of interest (or the perception thereof). Examples of recent noise-related controversies will be presented to examine the role of scientists, engineers, and professional organizations such as ASA in dealing with conflicts of interest and formulating public policy.

Bowles, Ann E.; Hastings, Mardi C.

2002-05-01

93

Policy Perspectives on Public Health For Mexican Migrants in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: This analysis focuses on public policies that affect pri- mary HIV prevention and access to HIV care for Mexican migrants residing in California. Policy or structural level interventions, as op- posed to behavioral or psychologic interventions, help to shape the environment in which people live. We use a conceptual model for policy analysis in public health to understand better

Stephen F. Morin; Wayne T. Steward; Andre Maiorana; Mark Trautwein

2004-01-01

94

Public Policy and Legitimacy: A historical policy analysis of the interplay of public policy and legitimacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the interplay of local government policy and legitimacy from a broad postpositivist perspective where historical accounts and narratives are used in a complementary fashion. The basic assumption is that legitimacy is the product of satisfying felt needs and solving perceived problems. Health and social malaise problems and related policies of the past 120 years are analyzed in

Anders Hanberger

2003-01-01

95

Montgomery County Public Schools (MCPS) Policies: Section F: Facilities Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Montgomery County Public Schools (Maryland) system has assembled in this document its policies, procedures, criteria, and standards that apply to educational facilities development. The policies it contains are part of a planning process that recognizes the interrelationship of its facilities planning policy with other policies such as those…

Montgomery County Public Schools, Rockville, MD.

96

[Public policies for the elderly in Brazil: an integrative review].  

PubMed

This paper is an integrative review analyzing the scientific production and legal documents regarding public policies for the elderly in Brazil. Research was conducted in the Virtual Health Library and Scopus databases, examining publications since 2003. Data were collected from June to September of 2011 using the following key words: "elderly" (idosos), "public policies" (políticas públicas), "elderly person" (pessoa idosa), "aging" (envelhecimento) and "civic participation" (participação cidadã). The search resulted in the selection of 15 articles and six legal documents targeted at the elderly in Brazil that were submitted to content analysis by categorization. The results revealed that aging in Brazil has occurred in the midst of adaptations entrenched in cultural biases, social, economic and educational discrepancies and the implementation of public welfare policies. There were few studies that indicated the importance of strengthening social movements that elicit discussion related to the elderly in Brazil. The conclusion reached is that the study will provide material for reflection about the construction of a new reality about aging in Brazil. PMID:24263871

Andrade, Luana Machado; Sena, Edite Lago da Silva; Pinheiro, Gleide Magali Lemos; Meira, Edmeia Campos; Lira, Lais Santana Santos Pereira

2013-12-01

97

Public health human resources: a comparative analysis of policy documents in two Canadian provinces  

PubMed Central

Background Amidst concerns regarding the capacity of the public health system to respond rapidly and appropriately to threats such as pandemics and terrorism, along with changing population health needs, governments have focused on strengthening public health systems. A key factor in a robust public health system is its workforce. As part of a nationally funded study of public health renewal in Canada, a policy analysis was conducted to compare public health human resources-relevant documents in two Canadian provinces, British Columbia (BC) and Ontario (ON), as they each implement public health renewal activities. Methods A content analysis of policy and planning documents from government and public health-related organizations was conducted by a research team comprised of academics and government decision-makers. Documents published between 2003 and 2011 were accessed (BC?=?27; ON?=?20); documents were either publicly available or internal to government and excerpted with permission. Documentary texts were deductively coded using a coding template developed by the researchers based on key health human resources concepts derived from two national policy documents. Results Documents in both provinces highlighted the importance of public health human resources planning and policies; this was particularly evident in early post-SARS documents. Key thematic areas of public health human resources identified were: education, training, and competencies; capacity; supply; intersectoral collaboration; leadership; public health planning context; and priority populations. Policy documents in both provinces discussed the importance of an educated, competent public health workforce with the appropriate skills and competencies for the effective and efficient delivery of public health services. Conclusion This policy analysis identified progressive work on public health human resources policy and planning with early documents providing an inventory of issues to be addressed and later documents providing evidence of beginning policy development and implementation. While many similarities exist between the provinces, the context distinctive to each province has influenced and shaped how they have focused their public health human resources policies.

2014-01-01

98

Cape Wind: A Public Policy Debate for the Physical Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since the industrial revolution, technological innovation and the application of basic scientific research have transformed society. Increasingly, critical conversations and legislation regarding national and international public policy have sophisticated scientific underpinnings. It is crucial that we prepare scientists and engineers with an informed scientific worldview and technical expertise to be advisors and participants in these important conversations. This paper describes the use of a debate about a proposed wind farm off the coast of Cape Cod as a platform to explore public-policy issues in a physical- science course. The subject of wind power fits naturally into curriculum related to energy, and is therefore applicable to a broad range of courses found in the disciplines of physics, chemistry, environmental science, and engineering, including general-science courses for nonscience majors.

Mayer, Shannon

2007-07-01

99

Navigating public health chemicals policy in Australia: a policy maker's and practitioner's guide.  

PubMed

Chemicals are ubiquitous in everyday life. Environmental health practitioners rely on a complex web of regulators and policy bodies to ensure the protection of public health, yet few understand the full extent of this web. A lack of understanding can hamper public health response and impede policy development. In this paper we map the public health chemicals policy landscape in Australia and conclude that an understanding of this system is essential for effective environmental health responses and policy development. PMID:23490093

Capon, Adam; Smith, Wayne; Gillespie, James A

2013-03-01

100

Public Relations Is Important in Cooperative Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a cooperative education program in the Midland Public Schools (Michigan) which permits the student to receive on-the-job experience along with in-school education at the same time. The authors note that many of the same techniques described could be used effectively in a public relations program for any school in any community to enhance…

Little, Michael W.; Cook, Wells F.

1977-01-01

101

On failures in education and public policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Education of the public and the resulting policies in many matters are grossly inadequate. Included as a small list of four samples of failings in vital matters are: 1. Societal Cohesiveness: A profound change in the school system will yield great benefit for the nation (http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/publicservice.html.). 2. Lack of understanding regarding the coming avian flu pandemic (http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/ElyFluMES.pdf). 3. Severe Hg intoxication from dentistry due to profound multifaceted ignorance (Ely JTA, Mercury induced Alzheimer's disease: accelerating incidence? Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2001; 67(6),800-6). 4. The end of the world by global warming due to Christian religion forcing family planning money to be withheld from UN leading to population excess (http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/CO2runaway.html).

Ely, John T. A.

2007-04-01

102

Promotion of Healthy Eating Through Public Policy  

PubMed Central

Background To induce consumers to purchase healthier foods and beverages, some policymakers have suggested special taxes or labels on unhealthy products. The potential of such policies is unknown. Purpose In a controlled field experiment, researchers tested whether consumers were more likely to purchase healthy products under such policies. Methods From October to December 2011, researchers opened a store at a large hospital that sold a variety of healthier and less-healthy foods and beverages. Purchases (N=3680) were analyzed under five conditions: a baseline with no special labeling or taxation, a 30% tax, highlighting the phrase “less healthy” on the price tag, and combinations of taxation and labeling. Purchases were analyzed in January–July 2012, at the single-item and transaction levels. Results There was no significant difference between the various taxation conditions. Consumers were 11 percentage points more likely to purchase a healthier item under a 30% tax (95% CI=7%, 16%, <0.001) and 6 percentage points more likely under labeling (95% CI=0%, 12%, p=0.04). By product type, consumers switched away from the purchase of less-healthy food under taxation (9 percentage points decrease, p<0.001) and into healthier beverages (6 percentage point increase, p=0.001); there were no effects for labeling. Conditions were associated with the purchase of 11–14 fewer calories (9%–11% in relative terms) and 2 fewer grams of sugar. Results remained significant controlling for all items purchased in a single transaction. Conclusions Taxation may induce consumers to purchase healthier foods and beverages. However, it is unclear whether the 15%–20% tax rates proposed in public policy discussions would be more effective than labeling products as less healthy.

Elbel, Brian; Taksler, Glen B.; Mijanovich, Tod; Abrams, Courtney B.; Dixon, L. Beth

2013-01-01

103

Aligning Food Systems Policies to Advance Public Health  

PubMed Central

The involvement of public health professionals in food and agricultural policy provides tremendous opportunities for advancing the public's health. It is particularly challenging, however, for professionals to understand and consider the numerous policy drivers that impact the food system, which range from agricultural commodity policies to local food safety ordinances. Confronted with this complexity in the food system, policy advocates often focus on narrow objectives with disregard for the larger system. This commentary contends that, in order to be most effective, public health professionals need to consider the full range of interdependent policies that affect the system. Food policy councils have proven to be an effective tool, particularly at the local and state level, for developing comprehensive food systems policies that can improve public health.

Muller, Mark; Tagtow, Angie; Roberts, Susan L.; MacDougall, Erin

2009-01-01

104

The State of Asian Pacific America: Policy Issues to the Year 2020. A Public Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nineteen chapters consider major public policy implications for demographic projections of the Asian Pacific American population to the year 2020. A preface by D. T. Nakanishi and J. D. Hokoyama introduces the studies. Policy recommendations from the Asian American Public Policy Institute follow, recommending multiculturalism and intracultural…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Asian American Studies Center.

105

48 CFR Appendix I to Chapter 7 - USAID's Academic Publication Policy  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false USAID's Academic Publication Policy I Appendix I to Chapter...Chapter 7âUSAID's Academic Publication Policy 1. Statement of Policy...a statement of USAID policy on publication, or release to parties...

2013-10-01

106

How federalism shapes public health financing, policy, and program options.  

PubMed

In the United States, fiscal and functional federalism strongly shape public health policy and programs. Federalism has implications for public health practice: it molds financing and disbursement options, including funding formulas, which affect allocations and program goals, and shapes how funding decisions are operationalized in a political context. This article explores how American federalism, both fiscal and functional, structures public health funding, policy, and program options, investigating the effects of intergovernmental transfers on public health finance and programs. PMID:22635185

Ogden, Lydia L

2012-01-01

107

Successful public policy change in California: firearms and youth resources.  

PubMed

The California Wellness Foundation's Violence Prevention Initiative (VPI) was a 70 million dollars, 10-year effort to reduce violence among California youth. The Policy and Public Education Program of the initiative advanced two broad policy goals: (1) limiting the availability of handguns to youth, (2) increasing the state's investment in youth resources. Roughly 110 communities passed more than 300 ordinances to limit gun availability or promote gun safety. In addition, California legislators passed 24 statewide gun laws. Funding for youth programs increased to more that 368 million dollars in 2002-03, from about 100 million dollars in 1996-97. Using a framework adapted from the social movements and political communications literature the importance of four key elements was apparent in the VPI: articulating clear policy goals, strategic issue framing, capitalizing on political opportunity, and effectively mobilizing resources. The impact of new gun policies, increased funding for youth programs, and a diverse network of policy professionals and issue advocates interested in social change to decrease violence remain to be fully understood. PMID:16022213

Wallack, Lawrence; Winett, Liana; Lee, Amy

2005-07-01

108

Geography and public policy at the national scale  

SciTech Connect

In some instances, geography has had a substantial impact on national policymaking, and the potential is far greater yet. Since World War II, geographers have played important roles in a great many federal agencies, and other geographers outside the federal service have been leaders in such arenas as environmental and urban policy. Besides some personal characteristics that make many geographers useful, the main reason is that public policymaking in the United States is exquisitely geographic at the national level. As it is presently structured, however, our policymaking system has a limited capacity to find out the geographic import of the policy options it considers, which complicates interactions between the executive and legislative branches of the government. This means that, at a time when society expects policy to be arrived at pluralistically and a great many of our policy debates involve relationships between one's location and one's legitimate vested interest, geographers have a remarkable opportunity to build roles for their perspectives and skills into new policymaking structures that are evolving.

Wilbanks, T.J.

1984-09-01

109

Single-Sex Education. A Public Policy Issue. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study of the public policy implications of publicly supported primary and secondary single-sex education in the United States. Twenty-two public intellectuals concerned with educational issues were interviewed. Subjects were either academic researchers, government officials and legislators, directors of public interest…

Jacobson, Abbe; And Others

110

Value Indicators and Public Policy: Democratic Information Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A system for developing public policy indicators would include social, economic, and environmental statistics which would define problems facing a political community. Policy indicator variables center around the broad needs of policy. Any measure of human conditions, including sources outside the basic disciplines, are used; intervals of…

MacRae, Duncan, Jr.

111

Child Care and Public Policy: A Dilemma at All Levels.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides an analysis of public policy issues associated with state and federal child care developments, laws, regulations, and bills. It is intended to aid policy makers, government officials, consumers, and practitioners of child care programs. The report examines three major areas of policy: (1) federal legislative action which…

Keating, Tom

112

Public Policy and Teacher Education in Brazil after 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research investigates public policy concerning teacher education in Brazil. It is a critical rereading of historical documents focusing on laws, legal documents, projects, institutional and public policies and teaching careers developed by the Brazilian state, as well as social and scientific organisations. Emphasis is given to current…

Guimaraes, Selva

2012-01-01

113

Public Policies and Suicide Rates in the American States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We are interested in the relationship between public policies and outcomes measuring quality of life. There is no outcome more final than the ending of one's own life. Accordingly, we test the relationship between public policy regimes and suicide rates in the American states. Controlling for other relevant factors (most notably a state's stock of…

Flavin, Patrick; Radcliff, Benjamin

2009-01-01

114

Public Policy and Educating Handicapped Persons. A Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume presents proceedings from a 1981 conference on public policy issues in the education of handicapped children. Four major presentations are followed by reactions. Presenters were asked to address issues involving the nature and effectiveness of the current system for serving handicapped students, contributions of public policy to…

Reynolds, Maynard C., Ed.; And Others

1983-01-01

115

Formulating and Implementing Public Policy for New Energy Carriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are several widely recognized tests for determining whether government should intervene in the marketplace. Does the public policy improve efficiency, equity, or stability, or does it pursue widely accepted social objectives? This paper examines the formulation of public policies toward new energy carriers such as hydrogen, in terms of what they ought to be and what they are in

Clinton J. Andrews

2006-01-01

116

Physical inactivity as a policy problem: applying a concept from policy analysis to a public health issue.  

PubMed

Despite the recent rapid development of policies to counteract physical inactivity (PI), only a small number of systematic analyses on the evolution of these policies exists. In this article we analyze how PI, as a public health issue, "translates" into a policy-making issue. First, we discuss why PI has become an increasingly important public health issue during the last two decades. We then follow Guy Peters and conceptualize PI as a "policy problem" that has the potential to be linked to policy instruments and policy impact. Analysis indicates that PI is a policy problem that i) is chronic in nature; ii) involves a high degree of political complexity; iii) can be disaggregated into smaller scales; iv) is addressed through interventions that can be difficult to "sell" to the public when their benefits are not highly divisible; v) cannot be solved by government spending alone; vi) must be addressed through a broad scope of activities; and vii) involves interdependencies among both multiple sectors and levels of government.We conclude that the new perspective on PI proposed in this article might be useful and important for i) describing and mapping policies to counteract PI in different contexts; ii) evaluating whether or not existing policy instruments are appropriate to the policy problem of PI, and iii) explaining the factors and processes that underlie policy development and implementation. More research is warranted in all these areas. In particular, we propose to focus on comparative analyses of how the problem of PI is defined and tackled in different contexts, and on the identification of truly effective policy instruments that are designed to "solve" the PI policy problem. PMID:23496998

Rütten, Alfred; Abu-Omar, Karim; Gelius, Peter; Schow, Diana

2013-01-01

117

How energy policies affect public health.  

PubMed Central

The connection between energy policy and increased levels of respiratory and cardiopulmonary disease has become clearer in the past few years. People living in cities with high levels of pollution have a higher risk of mortality than those living in less polluted cities. The pollutants most directly linked to increased morbidity and mortality include ozone, particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds, and oxides of nitrogen. Energy-related emissions generate the vast majority of these polluting chemicals. Technologies to prevent pollution in the transportation, manufacturing, building, and utility sectors can significantly reduce these emissions while reducing the energy bills of consumers and businesses. In short, clean energy technologies represent a very cost-effective investment in public health. Some 72% of the Federal government's investment in the research, development, and demonstration of pollution prevention technologies is made by the Department of Energy, with the largest share provided by the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. This article will examine the connections between air pollution and health problems and will discuss what the Department of Energy is doing to prevent air pollution now and in the future. Images p390-a p391-a p392-a p393-a p394-a p395-a p396-a p397-a

Romm, J J; Ervin, C A

1996-01-01

118

Ten Public Policy Issues for Higher Education in 2005 and 2006. Public Policy Paper Series No. 05-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the eighth in the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB) biennial series summarizing federal and state public-policy issues affecting higher education. This document's list of top public-policy issues comprises a daunting inventory for boards and chief executives to consider. Security demands of the…

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 2005

2005-01-01

119

[Men, health and public policies: gender equality in question].  

PubMed

The scope of this article is to pose questions on the theme of Men, Health and Public Policies to render debate on the subject viable, based on theoretical and empirical references related to these issues. Initially, some historical landmarks on the theme are presented to provide guidelines for debate. An overview of the gender agenda in public policies is then presented to introduce the discussion about the inclusion of a gender perspective in healthcare policies. After this discussion, queries are raised about whether or not policies geared to men's health promote gender equality. In the closing remarks, the complexity involved in the development, implementation and evaluation of health policies aimed at gender equality is highlighted. The need for the Brazilian policy geared towards men's health to be implemented with other policies such that the gender matrix is transversal in the healthcare field is also stressed. PMID:23099740

Couto, Marcia Thereza; Gomes, Romeu

2012-10-01

120

Identifying the Science and Technology Dimensions of Emerging Public Policy Issues through Horizon Scanning  

PubMed Central

Public policy requires public support, which in turn implies a need to enable the public not just to understand policy but also to be engaged in its development. Where complex science and technology issues are involved in policy making, this takes time, so it is important to identify emerging issues of this type and prepare engagement plans. In our horizon scanning exercise, we used a modified Delphi technique [1]. A wide group of people with interests in the science and policy interface (drawn from policy makers, policy adviser, practitioners, the private sector and academics) elicited a long list of emergent policy issues in which science and technology would feature strongly and which would also necessitate public engagement as policies are developed. This was then refined to a short list of top priorities for policy makers. Thirty issues were identified within broad areas of business and technology; energy and environment; government, politics and education; health, healthcare, population and aging; information, communication, infrastructure and transport; and public safety and national security.

Parker, Miles; Acland, Andrew; Armstrong, Harry J.; Bellingham, Jim R.; Bland, Jessica; Bodmer, Helen C.; Burall, Simon; Castell, Sarah; Chilvers, Jason; Cleevely, David D.; Cope, David; Costanzo, Lucia; Dolan, James A.; Doubleday, Robert; Feng, Wai Yi; Godfray, H. Charles J.; Good, David A.; Grant, Jonathan; Green, Nick; Groen, Arnoud J.; Guilliams, Tim T.; Gupta, Sunjai; Hall, Amanda C.; Heathfield, Adam; Hotopp, Ulrike; Kass, Gary; Leeder, Tim; Lickorish, Fiona A.; Lueshi, Leila M.; Magee, Chris; Mata, Tiago; McBride, Tony; McCarthy, Natasha; Mercer, Alan; Neilson, Ross; Ouchikh, Jackie; Oughton, Edward J.; Oxenham, David; Pallett, Helen; Palmer, James; Patmore, Jeff; Petts, Judith; Pinkerton, Jan; Ploszek, Richard; Pratt, Alan; Rocks, Sophie A.; Stansfield, Neil; Surkovic, Elizabeth; Tyler, Christopher P.; Watkinson, Andrew R.; Wentworth, Jonny; Willis, Rebecca; Wollner, Patrick K. A.; Worts, Kim; Sutherland, William J.

2014-01-01

121

Identifying the science and technology dimensions of emerging public policy issues through horizon scanning.  

PubMed

Public policy requires public support, which in turn implies a need to enable the public not just to understand policy but also to be engaged in its development. Where complex science and technology issues are involved in policy making, this takes time, so it is important to identify emerging issues of this type and prepare engagement plans. In our horizon scanning exercise, we used a modified Delphi technique. A wide group of people with interests in the science and policy interface (drawn from policy makers, policy adviser, practitioners, the private sector and academics) elicited a long list of emergent policy issues in which science and technology would feature strongly and which would also necessitate public engagement as policies are developed. This was then refined to a short list of top priorities for policy makers. Thirty issues were identified within broad areas of business and technology; energy and environment; government, politics and education; health, healthcare, population and aging; information, communication, infrastructure and transport; and public safety and national security. PMID:24879444

Parker, Miles; Acland, Andrew; Armstrong, Harry J; Bellingham, Jim R; Bland, Jessica; Bodmer, Helen C; Burall, Simon; Castell, Sarah; Chilvers, Jason; Cleevely, David D; Cope, David; Costanzo, Lucia; Dolan, James A; Doubleday, Robert; Feng, Wai Yi; Godfray, H Charles J; Good, David A; Grant, Jonathan; Green, Nick; Groen, Arnoud J; Guilliams, Tim T; Gupta, Sunjai; Hall, Amanda C; Heathfield, Adam; Hotopp, Ulrike; Kass, Gary; Leeder, Tim; Lickorish, Fiona A; Lueshi, Leila M; Magee, Chris; Mata, Tiago; McBride, Tony; McCarthy, Natasha; Mercer, Alan; Neilson, Ross; Ouchikh, Jackie; Oughton, Edward J; Oxenham, David; Pallett, Helen; Palmer, James; Patmore, Jeff; Petts, Judith; Pinkerton, Jan; Ploszek, Richard; Pratt, Alan; Rocks, Sophie A; Stansfield, Neil; Surkovic, Elizabeth; Tyler, Christopher P; Watkinson, Andrew R; Wentworth, Jonny; Willis, Rebecca; Wollner, Patrick K A; Worts, Kim; Sutherland, William J

2014-01-01

122

Applying the RE-AIM framework to assess the public health impact of policy change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose: Planning and evaluation models have been developed to assess the public health impact of health promotion interventions.\\u000a However, few have been applied to health policies. There is an important need for models to help design and evaluate health\\u000a policies.Methods: This article applies the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) planning and evaluation framework\\u000a to health policies. We

Stephanie Jilcott; Alice Ammerman; Janice Sommers; Russell E. Glasgow

2007-01-01

123

The Importance of Early Experiences: Clinical, Research, and Policy Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The degree to which early adverse experiences exert long term effects on development and how much early adversity may be overcome through subsequent experiences are important mental health questions. The clinical, research and policy perspectives on these questions lead to different answers. From a clinical perspective, change is always possible, and it is never too late. From a research perspective,

Charles H. Zeanah

2009-01-01

124

Effect Size, Practical Importance, and Social Policy for Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shares three ideas concerning how to evaluate the practical importance of developmental findings to make them more useful to policymakers: (1) statistical significance tests need to be accompanied by effect size estimates; (2) meta-analyses are helping in using all existing data when examining issues involved in policy debates; and (3) researchers…

McCartney, Kathleen; Rosenthal, Robert

2000-01-01

125

The Importance of Early Experiences: Clinical, Research, and Policy Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The degree to which early adverse experiences exert long term effects on development and how much early adversity may be overcome through subsequent experiences are important mental health questions. The clinical, research and policy perspectives on these questions lead to different answers. From a clinical perspective, change is always possible,…

Zeanah, Charles H.

2009-01-01

126

Reducing tobacco consumption: public policy alternatives for Canada.  

PubMed Central

The costs of smoking are extensive, not only in fiscal terms but also in terms of human suffering. A review of several major public policies reveals that concerted efforts by all levels of government and by the public can have an effect on the rate of consumption of tobacco. Specifically, increases in price through taxation, anti-smoking messages, restrictions on smoking behaviour and increased public pressure are effective in reducing smoking. Serious joint efforts in the area of public policy should be pursued to control the effects of this hazardous practice in Canada.

Frankel, B G

1988-01-01

127

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This compilation of abstract provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject mat...

1979-01-01

128

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Debating Education: Obama and Romney Promote Education Records, Importance of Education to the Economy and Public Safety During…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

129

Public opinion on policy issues in genetics and genomics.  

PubMed

Purpose:The aim of this study was to examine public opinion on major policy issues in genetics and genomics, including federal spending on genetic research, the perceived significance of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008, and whether clinicians should be involved in direct-to-consumer genetic testing.Methods:This was a survey with a nationally representative sample of 2,100 American adults administered by the nonpartisan research firm YouGov in January 2011.Results:The majority of the respondents (57%) believe that the federal government should spend more on genetic research, 82% rank the 2008 antidiscrimination law as "important," and 65% say that clinicians should be involved in explaining genetic test results (contra the practice of some direct-to-consumer companies). On all three policy issues, gender and political party affiliation were statistically significantly associated with respondents' views, whereas race/ethnicity and education were less consistently associated with policy opinions.Conclusion:Americans demonstrate widespread support for scientific research on genetics, laws protecting citizens against genetic discrimination, and the need to involve medical professionals in the process of genetic testing. These results are useful for scientists designing research projects, clinicians interacting with patients, professional organizations lobbying for resources, federal agencies setting budget priorities, and legislators designing regulation.Genet Med 16 6, 491-494. PMID:24202084

Almeling, Rene; Gadarian, Shana Kushner

2014-06-01

130

Environmental Public Health Policy for Asbestos in Schools: Unintended Consequences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the history of asbestos in schools and buildings and how this issue shaped the development of public health policy. It provides insight into past policy including how and why action was taken and who caused it to be taken; it also offers guidance for the scientific and regulatory communities in the future. While explaining…

Corn, Jacqueline Karnell

131

Policy vs. Administration. AGB Pocket Publications No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The policy-making and administrative roles of trustees and presidents are distinguished. The level of policy at which trustees should operate is dependent on the college's size and complexity and whether it is public or private. Trustee responsibilities of soliciting funds and selecting a president are acts of implementation in pursuit of a…

Nelson, Charles A.

1985-01-01

132

Using Research Evidence to Inform Public Policy Decisions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of scientific data in the development and implementation of sound public policy is a well-established practice, but there appears to be less consensus on the nature of the strategies that can and should be used to incorporate research data into policy decisions. This paper describes the promise and the challenges of using research…

Moseley, Charles; Kleinert, Harold; Sheppard-Jones, Kathleen; Hall, Stephen

2013-01-01

133

Coping with Recession: Public Policy, Economic Downturns and Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses recession and the major policy considerations that states and institutions must face in the current economic downturn. It explores the public policy implications of three major variables: (1) each of the 50 states has a unique higher education system; (2) each state also has a unique revenue and budgetary process; and (3) each…

Callan, Patrick M.

134

Proposed Policy: Drug Testing of Hawaii's Public School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of a proposed policy, public school teachers in Hawaii are facing the possibility of being randomly tested for illegal drugs. Random drug testing has many implications and its impact is questionable. In this article, the author scrutinizes the controversial drug-testing policy for both troubling and promising aspects and how educators may…

Davis, Bebi

2007-01-01

135

Midnight Dumping: Public Policies and Illegal Disposal of Used Oil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many public policies for hazardous waste raise the costs of legal disposal. Concerned about substitution of illegal disposal, economists have instead recommended policies that reward desirable waste management alternatives. This article studies the empirical determinants of dumping as reported to the U.S. Emergency Response Notification Systems (ERNS). It analyzes the frequency of used oil dumping using count-data models. The results

Hilary Sigman

1998-01-01

136

Personality Traits and Foreign Policy Attitudes in German Public Opinion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the effects of personality traits on attitudes toward foreign policy issues among the German public. Building on previous research, it argues that personality characteristics shape an individual's motivation, goals, and values, thereby providing criteria to evaluate external stimuli and affecting foreign policy opinions. An…

Schoen, Harald

2007-01-01

137

Between public opinion and public policy: human embryonic stem-cell research and path-dependency.  

PubMed

In bioethics as in other areas of health policy, historical institutional factors can shape policy independently of interests or public opinion. This article finds policy divergence among countries with similar national moral views of stem cell research, and explains that divergence as the product of path-dependency. PMID:20122126

Latham, Stephen R

2009-01-01

138

The Governors Propose: State Policy and Public Education, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early months of 1998 state governors delivered state of the state addresses that touched on concerns transcending state lines: taxes, infrastructure development and maintenance, crime, health, and public education. Some of these common concerns, with an emphasis on proposed K-12 public education policies, are discussed. The paper provides a…

Hertert, Linda

139

Essays on Public Documents and Government Policies (2).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight essays address a range of topics including government serials and economic analysis, crime statistics and the F.B.I., nuclear holocaust and public policy, the history of the Center for Short-Lived Phenomena, Congressman William Steiger and the Congressional Record, and the public papers of Richard Nixon. (EM)

Morehead, Joe

1986-01-01

140

Trends Impacting Public Policy Support for Caregiving Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policy aimed at supporting the caregiving capacity of families has risen to prominence on the public agenda in the United States. Initiatives at the state and federal levels have created some initial services. Three trends that are pushing the issue of family caregiving to the surface are discussed, including large-scale social,…

Singer, George H. S.; Biegel, David E.; Ethridge, Brandy L.

2010-01-01

141

Research evaluation and policy in dental public health.  

PubMed

Decision and policy makers in dental public health are confronted increasingly with the problem of which programs make the best use of limited resources and are the most worthwhile investments. One way that the research and public health community can assist the decision process and thereby facilitate policy development is through rigorous, objective, quantitative, policy-oriented research evaluations that synthesize findings from relevant epidemiologic studies of particular oral conditions and clinical trials of preventive and treatment technologies. Issues covered in the most recent research evaluations of oral health topics include the assessment of cost-effectiveness analyses for various procedures and techniques used in caries prevention and oral cancer screening. Several papers in the dental public health literature also have critically discussed basic methodologic issues involved in performing cost-effectiveness analyses and implications of research evaluations for the development and assessment of oral health policy. PMID:1839360

Lipton, J A

1991-06-01

142

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy is sponsored by a range of international organizations, including the World Bank and the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance. The primary directive of the Centre's website is "to facilitate policy learning through the international exchange of knowledge and information concerning public policy and career development issues." On their site, visitors can look over sections titled "Policy & Research", "Symposia", "Forums", and "Resources". A good way to get started is to check out the "Policy & Research" area. Here visitors can find information about topics that include the Centre's work on expanding access to educational guidance, improving career information, and assessing educational effectiveness in partner countries. After that, visitors can look through the "Categories" listing on the left side of the homepage to look for materials on everything from "Algeria" to "Training and Qualifications".

143

Improving Accountability in Public Education. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one in a series of policy briefs on key education issues prepared by the RAND Corporation for the Obama administration. The accountability systems put in place by No Child Left Behind have not produced enough improvement to meet the goal of all students meeting proficiency standards by 2014. While the current accountability system has…

Stecher, Brian; Li, Jennifer

2009-01-01

144

Gun Control: The Debate and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview and background information on the debate over gun control, as well as several teaching ideas. Handouts include a list of related topics drawn from various disciplines (economics, U.S. history), seven arguments for and against gun control, and a set of policy evaluation guidelines. (MJP)

Watkins, Christine

1997-01-01

145

Drug Policy of the Framingham Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The policy of the Framingham School System with respect to drug use and abuse is to establish a climate within its schools that is conducive to the understanding and respect for the proper use of drugs and an attitude toward nonabuse of drugs. To achieve this climate, some basic measures described in this report were taken. One measure was to set…

Framingham Public Schools, MA.

146

Motivating Public School Districts to Adopt Sun Protection Policies  

PubMed Central

Background In 2002, CDC recommended that the nation’s schools establish policies that reduce sun exposure to decrease students’ risk of skin cancer. Purpose A program to convince public school districts to adopt such a policy was evaluated. Design RCT. Setting/Participants Public school districts in Colorado (n=56) and Southern California (n=56). Intervention Policy information, tools and technical assistance were provided through printed materials, a website, meetings with administrators, and presentations to school boards. An RCT enrolled public school districts from 2005 to 2010. Policy adoption was promoted over 2 years at districts randomized to the intervention. Main Outcome Measures School board–approved policies were obtained from 106 districts and coded at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Analyses were conducted in 2010. Results There was no difference in the percentage of districts adopting a policy (24% in intervention; 12% in control; p=0.142); however, intervention districts (adjusted M=3.10 of 21 total score) adopted stronger sun safety policies than control districts (adjusted M=1.79; p=0.035). Policy categories improved on sun safety education for students (intervention adjusted M=0.76; control adjusted M=0.43, p=0.048), provision of outdoor shade (intervention adjusted M=0.79; control adjusted M=0.28, p=0.029), and outreach to parents (intervention adjusted M=0.59; control adjusted M=0.20, p=0.027). Conclusions Multifaceted promotion can increase adoption of stronger policies for reducing sun exposure of students by public school districts. Future research should explore how policies are implemented by schools.

Buller, David B.; Reynolds, Kim D.; Ashley, Jeff L.; Buller, Mary K.; Kane, Ilima L.; Stabell, Cheri L.; Massie, Kim L.; Liu, Xia; Cutter, Gary R.

2011-01-01

147

Research ethics review: identifying public policy and program gaps.  

PubMed

We present an analytical framework for use by fellows of the Fogarty International Center-sponsored Advanced Certificate Program in Research Ethics for Central and Eastern Europe to identify gaps in the public policies establishing research ethics review systems that impede them from doing their job of protecting human research subjects. The framework, illustrated by examples from post-Communist countries, employs a logic model based on the public policy and public management literature. This paper is part of a collection of papers analyzing the Fogarty International Center's International Research Ethics Education and Curriculum program. PMID:24782068

Strosberg, Martin A; Gefenas, Eugenijus; Famenka, Andrei

2014-04-01

148

FACOTRS TO DETERMINE RISK PERCEPTION OF CLIMATE CHANGE, AND ATTITUDE TOWARD ADAPTATION POLICY OF THE PUBLIC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study clarifies the factors to determine risk perception of climate change and attitudes toward adaptation policy by analyzing the data collecting from Internet survey to the general public. The results indicate the followings: 1) more than 70% people perceive some sort of risk of climate change, and most people are awaken to wind and flood damage. 2) most people recognize that mitigation policy is much more important than adaptation policy, whereas most people assume to accept adaptation policy as self-reponsibility, 3) the significant factors to determinane risk perception of climate chage and attitude towerd adaptation policy are cognition of benefits on the policy and procedural justice in the policy process in addion to demographics such as gender, experience of disaster, intension of inhabitant.

Baba, Kenshi; Sugimoto, Takuya; Kubota, Hiromi; Hijioka, Yasuaki; Tanaka, Mitsuru

149

Policy approach to federalism: cases of public lands and water policy  

SciTech Connect

This study considers the relationship of federalism to public lands and water policy, challenging the prevailing wisdom that federalism is irrelevant and questioning the eagerness with which structural solutions are embraced. It argues that a more thorough understanding of how federalism works in public lands and water policy is a necessary first step toward understanding federal-state relations. Seeking identifiable patterns of politics, this study reviews the voluminous federalism literature and applies the theories of dual and cooperative federalism to the history of public lands and water policy, and to five contemporary controversies. A policy perspective on federalism was developed that adds levels of government to discussions of arenas and policy types. It finds that federal-level decision makers are more willing to make policy when policies can potentially reflect federal-level advantages such as broad geographic jurisdiction, general rule-making capability, constitutional powers or opportunities to offer divisible benefits. State-level decision makers will resist federal policies when they disagree with policy goals or methods, lack necessary resources, or perceive unfair burdens. Thus, the state role includes states acting as claimants in distributive politics, as conduits in self-regulatory politics, as platforms for disadvantaged interests in regulatory politics, or as supplicants in redistributive politics. Further, shifts from one policy type to another serve to signal major structural shifts.

Bradley, D.M.

1986-01-01

150

Disaster Insurance Protection, Public Policy Lessons.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An examination is made of the public's indifferent attitude toward protection against the consequences of natural hazards and proposes solutions to overcome this lack of concern. Institutional arrangements associated with marketing flood and earthquake in...

H. Kunreuther L. Miller P. Sagi P. Slovic R. Ginsberg

1978-01-01

151

Effect size, practical importance, and social policy for children.  

PubMed

Real decisions for real children are influenced by the papers developmentalists write, regardless of whether we ever intended our papers to be used in the policy arena. Yet most social scientists seldom analyze data in ways that are most useful to policymakers. The primary purpose of this paper is to share three ideas concerning how to evaluate the practical importance of a finding or set of findings. First, for research to be most useful not only in the policy arena but also more generally, significance tests need to be accompanied by effect size estimates. The practical importance of an effect size depends on the scientific context (i.e., measurement, design, and method) as well as the empirical literature context. Second, researchers need to use all existing data when weighing in on a policy debate; here, meta-analyses are particularly useful. Finally, researchers need to be careful about embracing null or small findings, because effects may well be small due to measurement problems alone, particularly early in the history of a research domain. PMID:10836571

McCartney, K; Rosenthal, R

2000-01-01

152

Internet Filters: A Public Policy Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This recently released report from the National Coalition Against Censorship (NCAC) reports on their research about products and software used to filter Internet content. Over the spring and summer, NCAC's Free Expression Policy Project reviewed all of the studies and tests it could find covering the nineteen most common Internet filtering tools. This report, summarizing the review, gives a general introduction and results for each of the nineteen products as well as a bibliography and appendices covering blocked sites by subject and blocking categories. In the main, NCAC finds that the technology used in blocking is too indiscriminate because of its dependance, to at least some degree, on mechanized means of filtering. NCAC suggests that "Ultimately, less censorial approaches such as media literacy, sexuality education, and Internet acceptable-use training may be better policy choices than Internet filters."

Cho, Christina.; Heins, Marjorie.

2001-01-01

153

Chronic disease prevention policy in British Columbia and Ontario in light of public health renewal: a comparative policy analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Public health strategies that focus on legislative and policy change involving chronic disease risk factors such as unhealthy diet and physical inactivity have the potential to prevent chronic diseases and improve quality of life as a whole. However, many public health policies introduced as part of public health reform have not yet been analyzed, such as in British Columbia and Ontario. The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a descriptive, comparative analysis of public health policies related to the Healthy Living Core Program in British Columbia and Chronic Disease Prevention Standard in Ontario that are intended to prevent a range of chronic diseases by promoting healthy eating and physical activity, among other things. Methods Policy documents were found through Internet search engines and Ministry websites, at the guidance of policy experts. These included government documents as well as documents from non-governmental organizations that were implementing policies and programs at a provincial level. Documents (n?=?31) were then analysed using thematic content analysis to classify, describe and compare policies in a systematic fashion, using the software NVivo. Results Three main categories emerged from the analysis of documents: 1) goals for chronic disease prevention in British Columbia and Ontario, 2) components of chronic disease prevention policies, and 3) expected outputs of chronic disease prevention interventions. Although there were many similarities between the two provinces, they differed somewhat in terms of their approach to issues such as evidence, equity, and policy components. Some expected outputs were adoption of healthy behaviours, use of information, healthy environments and increased public awareness. Conclusions The two provincial policies present different approaches to support the implementation of related programs. Differences may be related to contextual factors such as program delivery structures and different philosophical approaches underlying the two frameworks. These differences and possible explanations for them are important to understand because they serve to contextualize the differences in health outcomes across the two provinces that might eventually be observed. This analysis informs future public health policy directions as the two provinces can learn from each other.

2013-01-01

154

‘Doing’ public health and ‘making’ public health practitioners: Putting policy into practice in ‘Starting Well’  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health policy has arguably taken a new direction in the UK since 1997. This is typified by a review of the public health workforce. A key profession within this workforce is that of health visiting. Starting Well, a Scottish National Health Demonstration Project is one attempt to develop the public health role of health visitors. The project aimed to

Mhairi Mackenzie

2008-01-01

155

Committee reports: Public policy and the geophysical sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the 2000 AGU Spring Meeting in Washington, D.C. the Committee on Public Affairs (COPA) will highlight why Earth and space science are important to policy makers and how scientists can become better attuned to the political process.During their October 21-22 meeting at AGU headquarters, COPA planned a session that will explore how science is used in the 2000 presidential campaigns by featuring campaign representatives, congressional staff, and other politically savvy commentators. Earth and space scientists will learn how they can contribute their knowledge to shaping the platforms of the Presidential candidates. To help AGU members communicate with Congress, COPA will convene a workshop at the Spring Meeting that will provide participants with the background and hands-on skills to competently inform Senators and Representatives about the geophysical sciences. Space will be limited, so look for an announcement in Eos and on the AGU Science and Legislative Alert (ASLA) network at http://www.agu.org/sci_soc/policy/sci_pol.html.

Folger, Peter

156

Centre for Population, Poverty, and Public Policy Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the International Networks for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives Development (INSTEAD) in Luxembourg, the Centre for Population, Poverty, and Public Policy Studies (CEPS) studies and develops microdatabases in order to develop "instruments for analysing, programming and simulating socio-economic policies." CEPS/INSTEAD is home to such studies as the Luxembourg Income Study and the Luxembourg Employment Study (these two studies were reviewed in the February 12, 1998 and the July 15, 1999 Scout Report for Business and Economics, respectively) as well as several other databases and studies. The Panel Comparability Project (PACO), for example, is a "centralised approach to create an international comparative database integrating micro-data from various national household panels over a large number of years." The database contains information on countries including France, Germany, Poland, Spain, Luxembourg, the UK, and the US, and data may be compared by households and individuals, by year or by longitudinal information. Each study is accompanied by a collection of related working papers. The site also contains a small but important links page, as well as information on CEPS/INSTEAD.

157

Silent Money: Political Persuasion and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role that Political Action Committees (PACs) have played in school choice initiatives in public school systems nationwide. Suggests that the popular sentiment is in favor of school choice but that the PACs, through their overwhelming resources, are preventing its implementation in school districts nationwide. (MAB)

McGovern, John E.

1993-01-01

158

Public support for policies to reduce risk after hurricane sandy.  

PubMed

A phone survey was conducted in New Jersey in 2013 four months after the second of two major devastating tropical storms (Sandy in 2012 and Irene in 2011). The objective was to estimate public support for restricting land uses in flood zones, requiring housing to be built to resist storm waters, and otherwise increasing mitigation and resilience. Respondents who supported these mitigation and resilience policies disproportionately were concerned about global climate change, trusted climate scientists and the federal government, and were willing to contribute to a redevelopment program through taxes, bonds, and fees. They also tended to have collectivist and egalitarian worldviews. Half of the respondents supported at least four of the seven risk-reducing policies. How their support translates into public policy remains to be seen. Lack of willingness to personally fund these policies is an obstacle. PMID:24708068

Greenberg, Michael R; Weiner, Marc D; Noland, Robert; Herb, Jeanne; Kaplan, Marjorie; Broccoli, Anthony J

2014-06-01

159

Brookings Institution: Initiative on Business and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The focus on the Brooking Institution's Initiative on Business and Public Policy is to provide "analytical research and constructive recommendations on public policy issues affecting the business sector in the United States and around the world." The Initiative is primarily concerned with working in the areas of financial reform and competitiveness. Scholars, policy analysts, and others can click through the site to look at their latest policy briefs, op-ed pieces, and conference proceedings. In terms of thematic offerings, visitors shouldn't miss the "Fixing Finance" series of papers, which include documents such as, "The Origins of the Financial Crisis" and "Regulating Insurance After the Crisis". Also, visitors should look through the "Top Topics" area and sign up to receive their periodic Economic Studies Bulletin via email.

160

Advancing Public Health Obesity Policy Through State Attorneys General  

PubMed Central

Obesity in the United States exacts a heavy health and financial toll, requiring new approaches to address this public health crisis. State attorneys general have been underutilized in efforts to formulate and implement food and obesity policy solutions. Their authority lies at the intersection of law and public policy, creating unique opportunities unavailable to other officials and government entities. Attorneys general have a broad range of authority over matters specifically relevant to obesity and nutrition policy, including parens patriae (parent of the country) authority, protecting consumer interests, enacting and supporting rules and regulations, working together across states, engaging in consumer education, and drafting opinions and amicus briefs. Significant room exists for greater attorney general involvement in formulating and championing solutions to public health problems such as obesity.

Brownell, Kelly D.

2011-01-01

161

Policy communities, public housing and area improvement in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking recent research on central and local government relations as its point of departure, the article sets out to demonstrate the analytical applicability of the concept of a policy community. R. A.W. Rhodes's four-dimensional definition of the concept provides a framework for an analysis of policy communities for public-housing area improvement in Sweden. Using a central government program as an

Ingemar Elander

1994-01-01

162

Issue Framing and Engagement: Rhetorical Strategy in Public Policy Debates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional wisdom and scholarly research indicate that to win a policy debate political actors should frame the issue strategically—that\\u000a is, selectively highlight considerations that mobilize public opinion behind their policy position. Engaging the opponent\\u000a in a dialogue (i.e., focusing on the same considerations) is portrayed as a suboptimal strategy because political actors forfeit the ability to structure the debate.\\u000a Using

Jennifer Jerit

2008-01-01

163

Measuring use of research evidence in public health policy: a policy content analysis  

PubMed Central

Background There are few Australian studies showing how research evidence is used to inform the development of public health policy. International research has shown that compensation for injury rehabilitation can have negative impacts on health outcomes. This study examined transport injury compensation policy in the Australian state of Victoria to: determine type and purpose of reference to information sources; and to identify the extent of reference to academic research evidence in transport related injury rehabilitation compensation policy. Methods Quantitative content analysis of injury rehabilitation compensation policies (N?=?128) from the Victorian state government transport accident compensation authority. Results The most commonly referenced types of information were Internal Policy (median?=?6 references per policy), Clinical/Medical (2.5), and Internal Legislation (1). Academic Research Evidence was the least often referenced source of information. The main purpose of reference to information was to support injury treatment and rehabilitation compensation claims decision-making. Conclusions Transport injury compensation policy development is complex; with multiple sources of information cited including legislation, internal policy, external policy and clinical/medical evidence. There is limited use of academic research evidence in Victorian state government injury treatment and rehabilitation compensation policies. Decisions regarding compensation for injury treatment and rehabilitation services could benefit from greater use of academic research evidence. This study is one of the first to examine the use of research evidence in existing Australian public health policy decision-making using rigorous quantitative methods. It provides a practical example of how use of research evidence in public health policy can be objectively measured.

2014-01-01

164

A Model for Training Public Health Workers in Health Policy: the Nebraska Health Policy Academy  

PubMed Central

There is growing recognition that health goals are more likely to be achieved and sustained if programs are complemented by appropriate changes in the policies, systems, and environments that shape their communities. However, the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to create and implement policy are among the major needs identified by practitioners at both the state and local levels. This article describes the structure and content of the Nebraska Health Policy Academy (the Academy), a 9-month program developed to meet the demand for this training. The Academy is a competency-based training program that aims to increase the capacity of Nebraska’s state and local public health staff and their community partners to use public health policy and law as a public health tool. Our initiative allows for participation across a large, sparsely populated state; is grounded in adult learning theory; introduces the key principles and practices of policy, systems, and environmental change; and is offered free of charge to the state’s public health workforce. Challenges and lessons learned when offering workforce development on public health policy efforts are discussed.

Brandert, Kathleen; McCarthy, Claudine; Grimm, Brandon; Svoboda, Colleen; Palm, David

2014-01-01

165

A model for training public health workers in health policy: the nebraska health policy academy.  

PubMed

There is growing recognition that health goals are more likely to be achieved and sustained if programs are complemented by appropriate changes in the policies, systems, and environments that shape their communities. However, the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to create and implement policy are among the major needs identified by practitioners at both the state and local levels. This article describes the structure and content of the Nebraska Health Policy Academy (the Academy), a 9-month program developed to meet the demand for this training. The Academy is a competency-based training program that aims to increase the capacity of Nebraska's state and local public health staff and their community partners to use public health policy and law as a public health tool. Our initiative allows for participation across a large, sparsely populated state; is grounded in adult learning theory; introduces the key principles and practices of policy, systems, and environmental change; and is offered free of charge to the state's public health workforce. Challenges and lessons learned when offering workforce development on public health policy efforts are discussed. PMID:24831286

Brandert, Kathleen; McCarthy, Claudine; Grimm, Brandon; Svoboda, Colleen; Palm, David; Stimpson, Jim P

2014-01-01

166

The Role of Public Policies in Fostering Innovation and Growth: Theory and Empirical Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This survey outlines the literature on economic growth and development with respect to the following questions: (a) To what\\u000a extent do public policies influence economic growth? (b) Which policy mix might optimize a country’s rate of growth and development?\\u000a While the importance of identifying the key determinants of economic growth is obvious, a unified theory that matches empirical\\u000a facts is

Marc Schiffbauer

167

Is public discourse about language policy really public discourse about immigration? A corpus-based study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pluralist narrative of language policies suggests that language policies are influenced by public perceptions of immigrants\\u000a (Darder 2004; González 2000; Pavlenko 2002; Valdés 1997). This paper investigates the relationship between newspaper discourse about language policies and newspaper discourse about\\u000a immigration. It asks how much key, lexical overlap exists between the discourses. This study compared Arizona newspaper corpora\\u000a representing discourse

Shannon Fitzsimmons-Doolan

2009-01-01

168

Health Policy, Public Health, and Arthritis Among Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter is designed to review the basics of public health, to highlight its relevance to health-care professionals, and\\u000a to outline opportunities for the use of health policy in improving and protecting the health of older adults with arthritis.\\u000a Many public health interventions intersect with the medical system at the level of the individual patient and complement clinical\\u000a care efforts.

Kristina A. Theis; Debra R. Lubar; Teresa J. Brady

169

Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains abstracts and the complete texts of 19 papers that were presented at a conference held to improve the policy education efforts of extension workers responsible for public affairs programs. The following papers are included: "Microwave Society and Crock-Pot Government" (Bill Graves); "Citizen Participation, Social Capital and…

Halbrook, Steve A., Ed.; Merry, Carroll E., Ed.

170

Web Access and the Law: A Public Policy Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details the public policy framework that establishes the legal foundation for requiring access to Web-based information resources for people with disabilities. Highlights include fair use doctrine in regards to disability access to digital information; American with Disabilities Act; and Sections 504 and 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. (Author/LRW)

Noble, Steve

2002-01-01

171

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

172

Survey-Based Measurement of Public Management and Policy Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Networks have become a central concept in the policy and public management literature; however, theoretical development is hindered by a lack of attention to the empirical properties of network measurement methods. This paper compares three survey-based methods for measuring organizational networks: the roster, the free-recall name generator, and…

Henry, Adam Douglas; Lubell, Mark; McCoy, Michael

2012-01-01

173

The Effectiveness of Alcohol Policies in 4-Year Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A problem facing American universities is heavy drinking by the student body which results in unintentional injuries and deaths, illegal offenses, sexual assault, altercations, and academic demise. The relationship between the type of alcohol policy enacted on campus and alcohol consumption among undergraduate students attending 4-year public

Walter, Gayle T.

2010-01-01

174

Enhancing citizen contributions to biodiversity science and public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Citizen science, defined as participation of the general public in scientific research, could significantly help scientists to address biodiversity issues, through (i) monitoring the state of biodiversity, (ii) framing indicators which synthesise and communicate information on the state of biodiversity, (iii) building scenarios to evaluate the plausible consequences of different policies. A key asset of citizen science is that participating

D. Couvet; F. Jiguet; R. Julliard; H. Levrel; A. Teyssedre

2008-01-01

175

The Effect of Public Policies and Prices on Youth Smoking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article empirically tests the effects of various tobacco control measures on youth cigarette demand using a 1996 nationally representative survey among U.S. high school students. Our measures of public policies allow more precise estimates of their impact compared to previous studies. The two-part model corrects for heteroscedasticity and features a novel approach to evaluating youth access laws based on

Hana Ross; Frank J. Chaloupka

2004-01-01

176

Classical Stasis Theory and the Analysis of Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In classical Greece, there was a close tie between rhetoric and the practice and theory of public policy. Gradually, however, rhetoric became increasingly concerned with style and literary criticism, while philosophers began to debate political issues apart from the practical affairs of the polis. Because rhetoric provides a model that can still…

Hatch, Gary Layne

177

Cape Wind: A Public Policy Debate for the Physical Sciences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the industrial revolution, technological innovation and the application of basic scientific research have transformed society. Increasingly, critical conversations and legislation regarding national and international public policy have sophisticated scientific underpinnings. It is crucial that we prepare scientists and engineers with an…

Mayer, Shannon

2007-01-01

178

Durable products recycling: Stakeholder perspectives and directions for public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent MIT conference on durable products recycling highlights different challenges facing suppliers, manufacturers, and recyclers. These challenges include uncertainty about the environmental benefits of recycling, unstable markets for recycled materials, variable quality, and lack of support from citizens and government. Conference discussions suggest directions for public and private policy in the US. Government should focus upon strengthening market opportunities

Jennifer Nash

1995-01-01

179

Regional Disparities and Public Policy in Tunisian Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how Tunisia's national educational program is implemented unevenly in different regions with resulting disadvantages for rural populations, especially rural girls and women. Specifies ways the politics and public policy appear to influence regional differences in educational outcomes. Examines educational, economic, and political…

Jones, Marie T.

1986-01-01

180

The Church and Society. Shaping Public Policy in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Campus Ministry Staffs have joined other members of the Committee on Higher Education and Public Policy (COHEPP) in formulating testimony to be presented in January of 1973 to the California State Legislature by the Joint Legislative Committee on the Master Plan for Higher Education. This document presents testimony on four crucial…

California Campus Ministry, Los Angeles. Committee on Higher Education and Public Policy.

181

Health Care Innovation: The Case for a Favorable Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of U.S. public policy reflects what is valued most in the United States--entrepreneurship, the productive interaction of market forces, individual achievement, and inventiveness. It appears to some that the United States has become preoccupied with short-term concerns and has not been acting with its accustomed determination to maximize…

Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, NJ.

182

A Policy Analysis of Public School Retirement Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this policy analysis was to examine the Missouri Public School Retirement System (PSRS). The team investigated the under-funding of PSRS, relating to sustainability and the feasibility of the system's use of one lever, contribution rate, to stabilize the retirement system, and to meet actuary needs and governmental requirements. The…

Lewis, Tara; Teeter, Matt

2010-01-01

183

Macroeconomics and public policy. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

Any industrial economy is limited in what it can produce by its natural endowments, its labor force, the state of its technology, its productive plant capacity and the exchange it makes of some of its output for that of the other national economies of the world. The value of its gross national product relative to its population is one measure of the economic well being of a nation. Within the institutional framework of an economy, the value of any one final good or service is basically determined by its desirability relative to other goods and services among all those who can exert a demand for it in the marketplace. In an industrialized economy in the short run, demand for output and ability to produce output are seldom precisely synchronized and resultingly the growth that accumulating capital makes possible is hampered by persistent unemployment. At the same time, the industrialized economy is unable to provide on its own certain goods and services essential to its existence. Consequently, central government is called upon to intervene, compensating for the deficiencies so that the economy grows while producing over the short run at high employment while allocating some of its output to essential public goods and services.

Taliaferro, R.T.

1982-12-01

184

Biological diversity conservation: A public policy perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While extinctions of individual species are part of a normal cycle, the current rate of extinctions should be a concern to us all. The maintenance of biological diversity is important for utilitarian reasons, quality of life considerations, and because biodiversity is important to sustainable regional economies. Single-species approaches are too limited to protect biodiversity at the landscape, habitat, and watershed levels. New approaches are necessary to deal with the complexity of biological diversity. The administration is using provisions in the Endangered Species Act to bring about broader multispecies habitat protection. The ecosystem approach provides a framework for ensuring that ecological considerations are taken into account, along with economic and social factors, and that all interested parties are able to participate in the decision-making process.

Pipkin, James

1996-11-01

185

The need to include animal protection in public health policies  

PubMed Central

Many critical public health issues require non-traditional approaches. Although many novel strategies are used, one approach not widely applied involves improving the treatment of animals. Emerging infectious diseases are pressing public health challenges that could benefit from improving the treatment of animals. Other human health issues, that overlap with animal treatment issues, and that warrant further exploration, are medical research and domestic violence. The diverse nature of these health issues and their connection with animal treatment suggest that there may be other similar intersections. Public health would benefit by including the treatment of animals as a topic of study and policy development.

Akhtar, Aysha

2013-01-01

186

The need to include animal protection in public health policies.  

PubMed

Many critical public health issues require non-traditional approaches. Although many novel strategies are used, one approach not widely applied involves improving the treatment of animals. Emerging infectious diseases are pressing public health challenges that could benefit from improving the treatment of animals. Other human health issues, that overlap with animal treatment issues, and that warrant further exploration, are medical research and domestic violence. The diverse nature of these health issues and their connection with animal treatment suggest that there may be other similar intersections. Public health would benefit by including the treatment of animals as a topic of study and policy development. PMID:23803712

Akhtar, Aysha

2013-11-01

187

Public Policy, Science, and Environmental Risk. Brookings Dialogues on Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workshop explored the complex issues involved in scientific measurement of environmental risk. Specific purposes were to articulate policy issues that concern the use of scientific data in environmental risk assessment and to contribute to the dialogue from which better policy might emerge. Viewpoints of workshop participants from the…

Panem, Sandra, Ed.

188

Are Charter Schools More Racially Segregated Than Traditional Public Schools? Policy Report 30  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Are most charter schools more racially segregated than traditional public schools (TPS)? How do local circumstances affect the degree to which charter schools are more racially segregated or diverse than TPSs? As the charter school movement in Michigan and nationwide gains popularity, these questions have become important policy issues. In order…

Ni, Yongmei

2007-01-01

189

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 19  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) U.S. Senators Harkin and Enzi Release Draft Language to Revise NCLB: Senate Committee to Consider Draft Containing Important

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2011-01-01

190

A Guide to Grassroots Activism: Moving Nursing Education's Public Policy Agenda. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to help people in the nursing profession, especially deans at schools of nursing, to effectively influence public policy at the federal level. Introductory material identifies key Senate and House committees and stresses the importance of establishing and maintaining a relationship with one's representatives in the Congress.…

American Association of Colleges of Nursing, Washington, DC.

191

[Evaluation of public policies and initiatives in food and nutrition security: dilemmas and methodological perspectives].  

PubMed

The scope of this article is to analyze the main challenges and perspectives linked to the evaluation of public policies in food and nutrition security. The conclusion reached is that considering the complexity of actions in this area, it is important to discuss the limits of traditional evaluation strategies and move forward with the creation of new theoretical and methodological alternatives. PMID:24897199

Magalhães, Rosana

2014-05-01

192

American Public Opinion and US Foreign Policy 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of its effort to promote public understanding of the foreign policy of the US, the non-partisan Chicago Council on Foreign Relations (CCFR) has sponsored seven quadrennial surveys of public opinion since 1974. The key question in the recently released 1999 survey, as in previous surveys, was the extent to which "the American public and leaders support an active role for the United States overseas." For the most part, the CCFR found strong support for an active American role in world affairs. At the site, users can read the full text (in .pdf format) or a summary of the report, which examines issues such as foreign policy priorities, globalization, security, the role of the US in the world, perspectives on particular regions and countries, and the current adminstration's performance. The report also contains a brief but helpful account of the political and economic context of the survey, which was carried out in the fall of 1998.

193

Workload Class Importance Policy in Autonomic Database Management Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key advantage of Autonomic Computing Systems will be their ability to manage according to business policies. A key challenge to realizing this ability is the problem of automatically translating high-level business policies into low-level system tuning policies, which is the result of the different semantics used at the two levels. Economic models, which are expressed using business level concepts,

Harley Boughton; Patrick Martin; Wendy Powley; Randy Horman

2006-01-01

194

Ten Public Policy Issues for Higher Education in 1996. AGB Public Policy Paper Series No. 96-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the third in a series of yearly efforts to identify the top public-policy issues facing higher education. Each of the 10 issues is discussed in terms of likely developments in 1996 and the near future, the issue's various aspects, and sources of further information on the issue. Issues identified and discussed are: (1) cost…

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 1996

1996-01-01

195

Ten Public Policy Issues for Higher Education in 1997 and 1998. AGB Public Policy Paper Series, No. 97-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the fourth in a series of yearly efforts to identify the top 10 public-policy issues facing higher education. Each of the issues is discussed in terms of likely developments in 1997-98, the issue's various aspects, and sources of further information. Issues identified are: (1) the Higher Education Act Reauthorization (issues relating…

Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, 1997

1997-01-01

196

Chimeras, moral status, and public policy: implications of the abortion debate for public policy on human/nonhuman chimera research.  

PubMed

Researchers are increasingly interested in creating chimeras by transplanting human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) into animals early in development. One concern is that such research could confer upon an animal the moral status of a normal human adult but then impermissibly fail to accord it the protections it merits in virtue of its enhanced moral status. Understanding the public policy implications of this ethical conclusion, though, is complicated by the fact that claims about moral status cannot play an unfettered role in public policy. Arguments like those employed in the abortion debate for the conclusion that abortion should be legally permissible even if abortion is not morally permissible also support, to a more limited degree, a liberal policy on hESC research involving the creation of chimeras. PMID:20579247

Streiffer, Robert

2010-01-01

197

Public health importance of cystic echinococcosis in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by larval Echinococcus granulosus is a zoonosis of major public health importance throughout Latin America. The Andean and South Cone regions have been recognized as endemic areas of cystic echinococcosis. This paper reviews prevalence in Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil and Peru.

Primo Arambulo

1997-01-01

198

The State of Connecticut Public Education: A 2009-2010 Report Card for Connecticut Public Schools and Public Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents Connecticut Coalition for Achievement Now's (ConnCAN's) fourth annual "State of Connecticut Public Education" report. In addition to ConnCAN's traditional look at the state of Connecticut public schools, this year's report takes a look at Connecticut's policy environment: namely, where it stands in the "Race to the Top." This…

Truscheit, Tori

2010-01-01

199

Sensible energy policy does not include a variable import fee  

SciTech Connect

Energy analysis has become unfashionable. The millions of dollars and professional hours devoted to fashioning solutions to the US energy problems in the late 1970s have disappeared with little trce. With world oil selling below $20 per barrel, there is little or no interest in alternatives to petroleum, or even in R and D on alternatives. Current apathy suggests that the USA is capable of only two modes of operation: Throw money at perceived crises, knowing it is being spent foolishly, or ignore any problem that ceases to be a perceived crises. Energy policy seems to be thought of these days as bailing out the oil billionaires and the Texas banks and savings and loan situations. When mature, consenting adults spend years trying to bring something about, one should allow them to enjoy the fruits of their labor - as long as it is within the law. Thus, the author assumes that Singer's proposal is not to be justified on the grounds of pulling these chestnuts out of the fire. Rather, Singer puts it forth on the grounds that it will contribute to sensible energy policy. Unfortunately, the variable import fee (VIF) is seriously flawed and the supporting arguments are contradictory or unsupported. In order to evaluate a proposal such as Singer's VIF, one has to be clear on the objectives and time frame. Others and the author agree that at any date, there is a supply curve for domestic petroleum that rises with price. There are stripping well secondary and tertiary recovery all waiting, and drillers willing to bring in new wells; the higher the price, the more oil will flow from these sources.

Lave, L.B. (Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Schenley Park, Pittsburgh, PA (US))

1988-01-01

200

Public finance policy strategies to increase access to preconception care.  

PubMed

Policy and finance barriers reduce access to preconception care and, reportedly, limit professional practice changes that would improve the availability of needed services. Millions of women of childbearing age (15-44) lack adequate health coverage (i.e., uninsured or underinsured), and others live in medically underserved areas. Service delivery fragmentation and lack of professional guidelines are additional barriers. This paper reviews barriers and opportunities for financing preconception care, based on a review and analysis of state and federal policies. We describe states' experiences with and opportunities to improve health coverage, through public programs such as Medicaid, Medicaid waivers, and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). The potential role of Title V and of community health centers in providing primary and preventive care to women also is discussed. In these and other public health and health coverage programs, opportunities exist to finance preconception care for low-income women. Three major policy directions are discussed. To increase access to preconception care among women of childbearing age, the federal and state governments have opportunities to: (1) improve health care coverage, (2) increase the supply of publicly subsidized health clinics, and (3) direct delivery of preconception screening and interventions in the context of public health programs. PMID:16802188

Johnson, Kay A

2006-09-01

201

Public policy versus individual rights and responsibility: an economist's perspective.  

PubMed

Interventions to reduce childhood obesity entail ethical considerations. Although a rationale exists for government to intervene in a way that limits individual rights while protecting the public's health, a clear economic rationale also exists. The markets for goods and services that contribute to obesity are characterized by multiple failures that create an economic rationale for government to intervene (eg, consumers' lack of accurate information regarding obesogenic foods and beverages). If effective public policies for reducing obesity and its consequences are to be developed and implemented, individual rights and government interests must be balanced. PMID:21843403

Chaloupka, Frank J

2011-09-01

202

The role of public policies in promoting the safety, convenience & popularity of bicycling  

Microsoft Academic Search

http:\\/\\/www.policy.rutgers.edu\\/faculty\\/pucher.htm publications in PDF format at http:\\/\\/www.policy.rutgers.edu\\/papers —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Abstract In the special issue on bicycling of WTPP (Volume 7, Number 3), Heath Maddox questions the potential of public policies to encourage bicycling. This response to the Maddox critique argues that he seriously misinterpreted the concept of public policy, considering only a small subset of the many policies that can facilitate

John Pucher

203

Policy Improvement for POMDPs Using Normalized Importance Sampling  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a new method for estimating the expected return of a POMDP from experi- ence. The estimator does not assume any knowledge of the POMDP, can estimate the returns for nite state controllers, allows ex- perience to be gathered from arbitrary se- quences of policies, and estimates the return for any new policy. We motivate the estima- tor from

Christian R. Shelton

2001-01-01

204

How people with disabilities fare when public policies change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in public policy and in macroeconomic conditions have dramatically affected the economic well-being of people with disabilities over the past two decades, both absolutely and relative to people without disabilities. Using data from the Current Population Survey (1968-1988), we find that the households of white or well-educated males with disabilities have fully recovered from the program cuts and recession

Richard V. Burkhauser; Robert H. Haveman; Barbara L. Wolfe

1993-01-01

205

Public health response to imported case of poliomyelitis, Australia, 2007.  

PubMed

Australia, along with 36 other countries in the Western Pacific Region, was declared free of poliomyelitis by the World Health Organization in October 2000. Yet, the persistence of wild poliovirus in the 4 remaining polio-endemic countries-Afghanistan, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan-poses a risk for its importation into all countries declared polio free. We describe the public health response and outcomes resulting from the importation of a wild poliovirus infection in Melbourne, Australia, in July 2007. This response, based on an assessment of the risk for transmission, included offering vaccination with inactivated polio vaccine to the contacts and placing the index patient in isolation and the household contacts in quarantine until consecutive fecal specimens were negative for poliovirus by culture. The experience gained from the polio importation event in Australia may assist other polio-free countries to prepare for, and respond to, a similar event. No secondary clinical cases resulted from this importation. PMID:19891859

Carnie, John A; Lester, Rosemary; Moran, Rodney; Brown, Lynne; Meagher, Julian; Roberts, Jason A; Thorley, Bruce R

2009-11-01

206

Public Health Response to Imported Case of Poliomyelitis, Australia, 2007  

PubMed Central

Australia, along with 36 other countries in the Western Pacific Region, was declared free of poliomyelitis by the World Health Organization in October 2000. Yet, the persistence of wild poliovirus in the 4 remaining polio-endemic countries—Afghanistan, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan—poses a risk for its importation into all countries declared polio free. We describe the public health response and outcomes resulting from the importation of a wild poliovirus infection in Melbourne, Australia, in July 2007. This response, based on an assessment of the risk for transmission, included offering vaccination with inactivated polio vaccine to the contacts and placing the index patient in isolation and the household contacts in quarantine until consecutive fecal specimens were negative for poliovirus by culture. The experience gained from the polio importation event in Australia may assist other polio-free countries to prepare for, and respond to, a similar event. No secondary clinical cases resulted from this importation.

Lester, Rosemary; Moran, Rodney; Brown, Lynne; Meagher, Julian; Roberts, Jason A.; Thorley, Bruce R.

2009-01-01

207

Private Governments or Public Policy Tools? The Law and Public Policy of New Jersey's Special Improvement Districts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business improvement districts (BIDs)—special districts usually governed by business and property owners—have been portrayed by some observers as private governments serving narrow commercial interests and by others as policy tools—instruments employed by states and general-purpose local governments to mobilize resources and advance public purposes. We use data from case law, case studies of local practices, and a statewide survey of

Jonathan B. Justice; Robert S. Goldsmith

2006-01-01

208

Strategizing for Public Policy: The Information Literacy State Proclamation Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project designed to raise the awareness of policymakers about the importance of information literacy to achieve societal goals. Issues benefit from the governmental support, prioritization, mandates, and funding that can result when there is policy behind them. Studies indicate that many people lack the ability to draw on…

Weiner, Sharon A.; Jackman, Lana W.; Prause, Emily

2013-01-01

209

Earth Scientists and Public Policy: Have We Failed New Orleans?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Earth scientists rarely influence public policy or urban planning. In defiance of geologic reality, cities are established on or expanded into floodplains, wetlands, earthquake faults, and active volcanoes. One exception to our lack of influence is that shortly after a major natural disaster, there is a brief window of heightened public awareness that may lead to sensible regulation or relocation of infrastructure. After the 1933 Long Beach earthquake, for example, California building codes were improved to reduce earthquake hazard. After Mississippi River flooding in 1993, several U.S. cities designated parts of their low-lying floodplain as green space. How have we done with New Orleans and southern Louisiana, devastated by hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005? Unfortunately, not very well. In the aftermath of those storms, an opportunity existed to educate engineers, policy makers, and the public about long-term hazards associated with land subsidence and sea level rise. This message was not conveyed, and expensive rebuilding has proceeded under the false assumption of relative coastal stability and slow sea level rise.

Dixon, Timothy H.; Dokka, Roy K.

2008-03-01

210

Alcohol taxation policy in Australia: public health imperatives for action.  

PubMed

The Australian Government's "alcopops" tax legislation will soon be voted on by the Senate. This is the first time in memory that an alcohol taxation measure has been informed principally by public health concerns. Much debate surrounds the utility of alcohol taxation as a measure to reduce alcohol-related harm. However, the harms resulting from alcohol misuse in Australia are at unacceptable levels and action to reduce them is overdue. There is good evidence from Australia and internationally that taxation and price measures are among the most effective and cost-effective in reducing alcohol consumption and related harms. Recent alcohol sales data give an early indication that the alcopops tax is being effective in reducing consumption. Current alcohol tax policy is unwieldy and not well directed towards improving public health. A proportion of tax revenues dedicated to alcohol programs would assist public acceptance of the measures. A broad review of alcohol taxation policy is needed as part of a comprehensive approach to alcohol problems in Australia. PMID:19374617

Skov, Steven J

2009-04-20

211

Legal and policy barriers to sharing data between public health programs in new york city: a case study.  

PubMed

Integration of public health surveillance data within health departments is important for public health activities and cost-efficient coordination of care. Access to and use of surveillance data are governed by public health law and by agency confidentiality and security policies. In New York City, we examined public health laws and agency policies for data sharing across HIV, sexually transmitted disease, tuberculosis, and viral hepatitis surveillance programs. We found that recent changes to state laws provide greater opportunities for data sharing but that agency policies must be updated because they limit increased data integration. Our case study can help other health departments conduct similar reviews of laws and policies to increase data sharing and integration of surveillance data. PMID:24825197

Gasner, M Rose; Fuld, Jennifer; Drobnik, Ann; Varma, Jay K

2014-06-01

212

History, Dynamics, and Public Health Importance of Malaria Parasite Resistance  

PubMed Central

Despite considerable efforts, malaria is still one of the most devastating infectious diseases in the tropics. The rapid spread of antimalarial drug resistance currently compounds this grim picture. In this paper, we review the history of antimalarial drug resistance and the methods for monitoring it and assess the current magnitude and burden of parasite resistance to two commonly used drugs: chloroquine and sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine. Furthermore, we review the factors involved in the emergence and spread of drug resistance and highlight its public health importance. Finally, we discuss ways of dealing with such a problem by using combination therapy and suggest some of the research themes needing urgent answers.

Talisuna, Ambrose O.; Bloland, Peter; D'Alessandro, Umberto

2004-01-01

213

Effect of Transportation Policies on Modal Shift from Private Car to Public Transport in Malaysia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The car is the second (40%) most common mode of transportation in Malaysia. The rapid increase in the use of personal transportation has its roots in the weak Malaysian public transport system. As a result, traffic congestion, accidents, air pollution and need for parking space among other evils, have escalated. In this study, policies aimed at discouraging the use of private transportation were studied. In addition, this study sought to identify factors that prevent personal transport users from utilizing public transport so that rational policies could be formulated to encourage greater utilization of public transport. A survey was carried out on users of private and public (both bus and urban train transport) (n = 1200). A binary logit model was developed for the three alternative modes, Car, Bus and Train. This study found that age, gender, car ownership, travel time, travel cost, household size and income are significant factors in influencing the individual`s choice of transportation. The most important variables found likely to encourage the use of public transport were reduced travel time, reduce the distance from home to public transportation stations and subsidized fares. In conclusion, for the commuter to switch to public transport, proper incentives need to be provided for a successful implementation.

Nurdden, Abdullah; Rahmat, Riza Atiq O. K.; Ismail, Amiruddin

214

Broadband for Public Libraries: Importance, Issues, and Research Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. public libraries provide free public internet services to the communities that they serve, but require robust, high-speed broadband internet connections to continue meeting public demands. The 2008-2009 "Public Library Funding & Technology Access Study" ("PLFTAS") illustrates challenges that public libraries encounter in achieving broadband…

Mandel, Lauren H.; Bishop, Bradley Wade; McClure, Charles R.; Bertot, John Carlo; Jaeger, Paul T.

2010-01-01

215

Mad Cows, Terrorism and Junk Food: Should Public Policy Reflect Subjective or Objective Risks?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical evidence suggests that people’s risk-perceptions are often systematically biased. This paper develops a simple framework to analyse public policy when this is the case. Expected utility (well-being) is shown to depend on both objective and subjective risks. The latter are important because of the mental suffering associated with the risk and as a basis for corrective taxation and second-best

Olof Johansson-Stenman

2006-01-01

216

Ethical Principles Associated with the Publication of Research in ASHA's Scholarly Journals: Importance and Adequacy of Coverage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this 2-part study was to determine the importance of specific topics relating to publication ethics and adequacy of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's (ASHA's) policies regarding these topics. Method: A 56-item Web-based survey was sent to (a) ASHA journal editors, associate editors, and members of the…

Ingham, Janis C.; Minifie, Fred D.; Horner, Jennifer; Robey, Randall R.; Lansing, Charissa; McCartney, James H.; Slater, Sarah C.; Moss, Sharon E.

2011-01-01

217

Mad cows, terrorism and junk food: should public policy reflect perceived or objective risks?  

PubMed

Empirical evidence suggests that people's risk-perceptions are often systematically biased. This paper develops a simple framework to analyse public policy when this is the case. Expected utility (well-being) is shown to depend on both objective and perceived risks (beliefs). The latter are important because of the fear associated with the risk and as a basis for corrective taxation and second-best adjustments. Optimality rules for public provision of risk-reducing investments, "internality-correcting" taxation (e.g. fat taxes) and provision of costly information to reduce people's risk-perception bias are presented. PMID:18177959

Johansson-Stenman, Olof

2008-03-01

218

Litigation and Public Health Policy Making: The Case of Tobacco Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many tobacco control advocates, believing that legislators and regula- tors have failed to enact and implement sufficiently stringent tobacco control laws, have supported litigation as a means of achieving public health policy goals. In this article, we examine the relationship between litigation and public health policy for- mulation in the context of the debate over tobacco control policy. The fundamental

Peter D. Jacobson; Kenneth E. Warner

1999-01-01

219

History of Public Policies for Research, Development and Deployment for Solar Photovoltaics in Japan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing new renewable energy sources, such as solar photovoltaics (PV), is a key to establishing climate-friendly economy. Japan has been one of the centers of research, development, and diffusion (RD&D) of PV since the 1970's. While it is true that Japan was outnumbered by Germany in installed capacity and by US and Chinese companies in production in recent years, Japan still retains an important position in the world PV market. This paper examines the history of public policies for RD&D of PV in Japan, focusing on two kinds of policies, namely, public support for R&D under the Sunshine Program and various market creation policies in the early 1990's. Based on literature survey and interviews with key persons involved, the paper reveals that those support policies played an indispensable role to accelerate RD&D of PV technology. The Sunshine Program provided stable R&D budgets and space for technology learning throughout the 1980's to 1990's, and contributed to the progress of solar cell efficiency and cost reduction. The various market creation policies in the early 1990's also created regulatory and economic conditions that were necessary to commercialize residential PV systems, and became the direct driver to launch the initial PV market.

Kimura, Osamu

220

Fathers' integration in Quebec's perinatal and early childhood public policies.  

PubMed

Mothers' physical and mental health, as well as their socio-economic status, are currently acknowledged as determining factors in the health and development of young children in Quebec. It is thus not surprising to find that the majority of government perinatal and early childhood initiatives are directed toward mothers. Yet, fathers today are increasingly involved in the care and education of their children, and scientific studies have shown that their involvement is just as crucial as that of mothers. It is recognized that a father's involvement optimizes the physical, cognitive, affective and social development of his children. The purpose of this text is to examine how fathers are taken into account in two public perinatal and early childhood policies. It has been found that fathers are virtually absent from Quebec government's objectives and orientations, and when they do appear, no concrete means are offered to reach them. Considering that health care workers have difficulty offering truly inclusive services to fathers, recommendations with regard to inclusion of fathers in public policies are necessary in order to optimize the health of children and their families. PMID:24735694

St-Arneault, Kate; De Montigny, Francine; Villeneuve, Raymond

2014-01-01

221

Halting the obesity epidemic: a public health policy approach.  

PubMed Central

Traditional ways of preventing and treating overweight and obesity have almost invariably focused on changing the behavior of individuals, an approach that has proven woefully inadequate, as indicated by the rising rates of both conditions. Considering the many aspects of American culture that promote obesity, from the proliferation of fast-food outlets to almost universal reliance on automobiles, reversing current trends will require a multifaceted public health policy approach as well as considerable funding. National leadership is needed to ensure the participation of health officials and researchers, educators and legislators, transportation experts and urban planners, and businesses and nonprofit groups in formulating a public health campaign with a better chance of success. The authors outline a broad range of policy recommendations and suggest that an obesity prevention campaign might be funded, in part, with revenues from small taxes on selected products that provide "empty" calories-such as soft drinks-or that reduce physical activity-such as automobiles. Images p13-a p15-a p17-a p18-a p22-a

Nestle, M; Jacobson, M F

2000-01-01

222

Environmental hazards and public health: lessons for the practice of medicine and for public policy  

SciTech Connect

The separation of occupational and environmental disease from the mainstream of medical practice has deep roots in the culture of the profession. Medical practice centered on individual patient care as nineteenth-century science yielded the therapeutic triumphs of the twentieth century. Social issues seemed remote to medical practitioners as the rewards of scientifically based therapies upstaged the unglamorous aspects of preventive medicine. Public health was left to politicians and bureaucrats. Victorian ambivalence toward the less successful members of society reinforced the isolation of medicine from public policy. As a consequence, physicians are largely ignored in contemporary debates about environmental hazards, to the detriment of both society and the profession.

Wedeen, R.P.; Sheehan, H.E. (VA Medical Center, East Orange, NJ (United States))

1992-01-01

223

Famine relief and imperial policy in early modern Morocco: the political functions of public health.  

PubMed Central

There has been no systematic ethnology nor comparative history of public health. In fact, there has been a broad consensus that prior to the arrival of missionaries and colonial health authorities there was no indigenous public health. These assumptions apply to only some settings and do not reflect the general history of public health. The present study concerns public health in the first century of Alawi rule in Morocco, ca. 1670-1790. The early Alawi sultans undertook public health programs, most of which concerned the prevention and relief of mass starvation. Goals of the programs were consistent with other features of their public policies. Effectiveness of the programs was limited partly by technical and scientific factors, but more by political constraints, especially the sultans' higher priorities for political stability than public welfare and public health. These data provide important insights not only into Moroccan social and political history, but also into the more general problem of the political nature of public health. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4

Meyers, A R

1981-01-01

224

The Value of Life and Health for Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expenditure on health and safety is a substantial part of GDP, but public agencies in many countries, including Australia, have only qualitative views about the value of life and health. Also, despite considerable work by economists on the value of life and health in recent years, some important issues, such as the value of a healthy life-year, remain unresolved. This

Peter Abelson

2003-01-01

225

Coping with complexity: An experimental study of public policy decision-making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical studies of decision-making invariably conclude with profound skepticism about the human capacity to process complex problems. The skepticism bodes ill for public policy makers, for they confront decisions of formidable complexity. This research examines the impact of systematic variation in the complexity of public policy decisions on the quality of decisions made by experienced public and private sector managers.

Janet A. Weiss

1982-01-01

226

The Public Policy Process: Its Role in Community Growth. Coping with Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extension community resource development (CRD) is primarily public affairs education at the local level, dealing with local issues. Two methods of public policy education are the advocacy model which picks two people with opposing views on a subject and lets them debate the issue, and the public policy education process which provides all relevant…

Florea, Bruce

227

Student, Adviser Present Views Regarding the Development of Comprehensive Publications Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A student editor and a publications adviser present separate accounts of the development of a student policy--including a student publications section--by the Lexington, Kentucky, Board of Education. They also present a joint discussion of student publications issues that were dealt with in the policy. (TJ)

Vonderheide, Bob; Freeman, Nancy L.

1980-01-01

228

The schoolroom asbestos abatement program: a public policy debacle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is estimated that nearly 100 billion has been spent on removal of asbestos-bearing materials from schoolrooms, public and commercial buildings, and homes. This removal continues to this day despite the publication of an advisory document in 1990 by the US Environmental Protection Agency that states most removal is unnecessary and is even counterproductive both in terms health protection and costs. Concern over low exposure to substances that are designated as carcinogens is based on the false concept that even the smallest exposure to such substances can increase cancer risk. The expression “one molecule of a chemical or one asbestos fiber can possibly produce a tumor” is repeated over and over until it is accepted as a truth. Over 1400 air samples taken in 219 North American school buildings show the average fiber level to be 0.00022 fibers per milliliter of air. Using the most pessimistic models and attendance in the school for 6 h a day, five days a week, for 14 years, the calculated risk is one excess cancer death per million lifetimes. In contrast, the risk of dying from a lightning strike is 35 deaths per million lifetimes. Ambient air asbestos concentrations measured in the chrysotile asbestos mining towns of Quebec are 220 to 2200 times greater than that measured in the average schoolroom, yet the women living their entire lives in these towns show no increased cancer risk. The asbestos abatement program in the United States is a public policy debacle.

Ross, M.

1995-10-01

229

Public Policy and Screening: The Influence of State Policies and Funding on HIV Screening Utilization. (Includes Executive Summary).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study analyzes whether state policies and funding of screening programs have an influence on utilization of screening for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Screening plays an important role in HIV prevention, yet little is known about how policies i...

K. A. Phillips

1991-01-01

230

The essential elements of health impact assessment and healthy public policy: a qualitative study of practitioner perspectives  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study uses critical realist methodology to identify the essential and contingent elements of Health Impact Assessment (HIA) and Healthy Public Policy (HPP) as operationalised by practitioners. Design Data collection—qualitative interviews and a workshop were conducted with HIA and HPP practitioners working in differing contexts. Data analysis Critical realist analytical questions identified the essential elements of HIA and HPP, the relationship between them, and the influences of public policy and other contingencies on the practice of both. Participants Nine interviews were conducted with purposively sampled participants working in Europe, USA and Australasia. 17 self-selected participants who worked in Europe, South East Asia and Australasia attended the workshop. Results The results clarify that HIA and HPP are different but mutually supporting. HIA has four characteristics: assessing a policy proposal to predict population health and equity impacts, a structured process for stakeholder dialogue, making recommendations and flexibly adapting to the policy process. HPP has four characteristics: concern with a broad definition of health, designing policy to improve people's health and reduce health inequities, intersectoral collaboration and influencing the policy cycle from inception to completion. HIA brings to HPP prediction about a policy's broad health impacts, and a structured space for intersectoral engagement, but is one approach within a broader suite of HPP activities. Five features of public policy and seven contingent influences on HIA and HPP practice are identified. Conclusions This study clarifies the core attributes of HIA and HPP as separate yet overlapping while subject to wider influences. This provides the necessary common language to describe the application of both and avoid conflated expectations of either. The findings present the conceptual importance of public policy and the institutional role of public health as distinct and important influences on the practice of HIA and HPP.

Harris, Patrick John; Kemp, Lynn Amanda; Sainsbury, Peter

2012-01-01

231

How do the public and policy makers communicate their perceptions of environmental risk to academics?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper investigates the ways that the public and policy makers talk about environmental risk to academics. The case study is heavy-metal contamination of food in Zambia, Southern Africa. In several localities in Zambia, urban agriculture is practised using heavy-metal contamination wastewater for irrigation. This leads to contaminated food crops that are subsequently consumed. One case study site where this occurs is Chunga, situated in the northwest of the Zambian capital: Lusaka. For members of the public, six focus groups were carried out at the Chunga, Zambia study site, involving a total of 48 participants. The participants were those involved in urban agriculture through cultivation, selling and consumption of food crops. Urban agriculturalist focus group participants were recruited through key field informants. Focus group discussion starter questions involved pollution awareness, health impacts of pollution in the area and who is responsible for communicating environmental contamination risks to the general population. For policy stakeholders, 39 semi-structured interviews were conducted with individuals from various organisations including government ministries, non-governmental organisations, community based organisations and international institutions. Semi-structured interviews investigated the perceived major health issues in Zambia, food safety, environmental contamination and specifically heavy-metal contamination. Policy stakeholders were identified through policy mapping and organisations mentioned in focus group discussions and other interviews. The results at the Chunga study site show that members of the public perceive: (i) heavy metal pollution is not an issue in Lusaka and for their irrigation practices, (ii) dirty food can cause illness, (iii) heavy metals in foods can cause illness but they are not present at the Chunga site. Amongst urban agriculturalists the quantity of food available is the greatest issue, with some saying that they do not have the luxury of thinking about the quality of food. Only two policy makers in the semi-structured interviews perceived there to be a possible health problems due to heavy metal contaminated food in Zambia. However, this was from personal experience and not a corporate view. Policy makers did not think that food safety was an issue in Zambia, with several interviewees stating that food security was more of a priority, reflecting the urban agriculture cultivators' views that quantity is the more important issue than quality of food. Risks due to environmental contamination are not high in the public and policy makers' priorities, even when asked directly about the issue. Both urban agriculturalists and policy stakeholders believe that academics have a key role to play in communicating the possible and actual risks to the affected populations and institutional stakeholders.

Holden, Jennifer

2010-05-01

232

Public Discourse in Energy Policy Decision-Making: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs/heuristics to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term “heuristics” refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

Idaho Citizen; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendelle Vogt; Patrick Wilson

2010-08-01

233

The importance of the past in public health  

PubMed Central

Study objective: To explore the role of history in public health and its relevance to current practice and professional development. Design: An analysis of the issues surrounding the poor attention paid to the history of public health by its current practitioners. Setting: The paper is written from the perspective of practitioners in the UK but has wide applicability. Main results: The paper makes the case that the current neglect of public health history is to the detriment of public health practice. Conclusions: There is a strong case for more attention to be paid to public health history in professional formation, development, and communication.

Scally, G.; Womack, J.

2004-01-01

234

Avian and pandemic human influenza policy in South-East Asia: the interface between economic and public health imperatives.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to analyse the contemporary policies regarding avian and human pandemic influenza control in three South-East Asia countries: Thailand, Indonesia and Vietnam. An analysis of poultry vaccination policy was used to explore the broader policy of influenza A H5N1 control in the region. The policy of antiviral stockpiling with oseltamivir, a scarce regional resource, was used to explore human pandemic influenza preparedness policy. Several policy analysis theories were applied to analyse the debate on the use of vaccination for poultry and stockpiling of antiviral drugs in each country case study. We conducted a comparative analysis across emergent themes. The study found that whilst Indonesia and Vietnam introduced poultry vaccination programmes, Thailand rejected this policy approach. By contrast, all three countries adopted similar strategic policies for antiviral stockpiling in preparation. In relation to highly pathogenic avian influenza, economic imperatives are of critical importance. Whilst Thailand's poultry industry is large and principally an export economy, Vietnam's and Indonesia's are for domestic consumption. The introduction of a poultry vaccination policy in Thailand would have threatened its potential to trade and had a major impact on its economy. Powerful domestic stakeholders in Vietnam and Indonesia, by contrast, were concerned less about international trade and more about maintaining a healthy domestic poultry population. Evidence on vaccination was drawn upon differently depending upon strategic economic positioning either to support or oppose the policy. With influenza A H5N1 endemic in some countries of the region, these policy differences raise questions around regional coherence of policies and the pursuit of an agreed overarching goal, be that eradication or mitigation. Moreover, whilst economic imperatives have been critically important in guiding policy formulation in the agriculture sector, questions arise regarding whether agriculture sectoral policy is coherent with public health sectoral policy across the region. PMID:21859775

Pongcharoensuk, Petcharat; Adisasmito, Wiku; Sat, Le Minh; Silkavute, Pornpit; Muchlisoh, Lilis; Cong Hoat, Pham; Coker, Richard

2012-08-01

235

[Collective action and veto players in public policy: the sanitation policy in Brazil (1998-2002)].  

PubMed

In 1999, the federal government has committed itself to the IMF with the privatization of the sanitation and other public services, seeking resources to address the fiscal crisis. He proposed the bill 4147/01 as the regulatory framework that would provide the necessary security for investors interested in acquiring the state-owned sanitation enterprises. Against this initiative, a coalition of industry interests mobilized in order to veto the adoption of privatization: the National Front for Environmental Sanitation (FNSA). This paper identifies the actors, the agenda and the interests involved in this political coalition. It shows that the coalition acted decisively as an instance of veto, limiting the effects of the agreement with the IMF on the public policy of sanitation in Brazil this time. PMID:21860954

de Sousa, Ana Cristina Augusto; Costa, Nilson do Rosário

2011-08-01

236

[The dialogues between anthropology and health: contributions to public policies].  

PubMed

In order to examine the development of anthropological paradigms and their dialogue with medicine, I divide the discussion into two general, but non-exclusive, approaches: one that focuses on health and disease as social and cultural experience and construction, and another that examines health from an interactional and political perspective. For the first approach, I focus on North American and French theories that find resonance in the anthropological dialogue in Brazil. For the second political approach, the discussion originates in the dialogue among anthropologists in Latin America who have been developing models to contribute to an interdisciplinary approach necessary for health policies and intervention in health. The concepts of practices in self-care and intermedicality, among others, are explored due to their contribution in anthropology to public policies in health. These anthropologists have argued that health practices should be understood through the notions of autonomy, collectivity, agency and praxis, as opposed to the notions of the biomedical perspective characterized as being universalist, biological, individualist and a-historical. PMID:24820585

Langdon, Esther Jean

2014-04-01

237

Conservative Think Tanks and Higher Education Policy: Selected Public Policy Research Institutes and Their Views on Issues in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) to describe four conservative public policy research institutions as organizations in comparison with more traditional policy organizations such as the Brookings Institution, and (2) to examine their views on current issues in higher education in relation to selected national higher education reports.…

Willis, Susan Marie

1991-01-01

238

Breadth of Perspective--An Important Concept for Public Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Breadth of perspective" is a significant concept for definition of public goals, especially in line with the two-way symmetric model of public relations practice. The concept involves four components: (1) awareness that more than one definition, stand, or conclusion is possible and is probably accepted as valid by significant persons or groups;…

Culbertson, Hugh M.

239

Strategic Public Management as Holistic Approach to Policy Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Policy integration is very much about how political decisions are reached and implemented. Although policy integration addresses a broad understanding of governance, the issue is often addressed in a relatively narrow sense. Scholars and practitioners are addressing policy inte- gration most often by discussing particular policy instruments or mechanisms, rather than new, more appropriate patterns of governance or administrative narratives

Reinhard Steurer

240

[Comparative study on objective-setting public health policy--historical background and path dependence].  

PubMed

The historical background and the path dependence of objective-setting public health policy are described in this review. The New Public Health movement appeared in the 1980s and was inspired by the Ottawa Charter on Health Promotion. This movement is based on the idea that public health is mostly promoted by creating a supportive environment for health as well as by individual efforts toward a healthy life style. The first objective-setting public health policy called Healthy People was proposed in USA, 1979, under the influence of The Lalonde Report published in Canada, 1974. Goals and targets were set in order to reduce the mortality of American people. This project led to Healthy People 2000 and Healthy People 2010. In the 1990s, objective-setting public health policies prevailed in Western countries, such as United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and also in Japan. The objective-setting public health policy is the application of the management by objectives in the health policy domain. This policy is especially accepted in Anglo-Saxon countries where public sector reform was conducted on the basis of the New Public Management theory in the 1980s, which is when the WHO Regional Office for Europe started the Healthy Cities project that emphasized a network of project cities. The Health 21 in 1999 is another model of object-setting public health policy. A comparative study of four different objective-setting public health policies (USA, United Kingdom, WHO Regional Office for Europe, and Japan) was conducted regarding the goals and domains of the targets, methods of targeting, and evaluation of the project. The goals were almost identical in the four public health policies, while the domains of the targets were different. These differences were explained by the past experience of public health policy development in each country. PMID:12061096

Motohashi, Yutaka; Kaneko, Yosihiro

2002-05-01

241

The Importance of Language Games in School Public Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the language games played by superintendents as they work with school boards and community activists to craft school policy. We begin by examining the role of language in problem definition and the agenda-setting process. We then examine how political culture and the media affect problem definition. We argue that school…

Fusarelli, Lance; Sanders, Marla

2005-01-01

242

How Can We Make the Pain Go Away? Public Policies to Manage Pain at the End of Life  

PubMed Central

The continued undertreatment of pain at the end of life is a substantive public health problem that has not been resolved through increased public awareness, the issuance of clinical guidance for providers, or expanded organizational commitments. In this forum, we illuminate the role of public policies in promoting pain management. We review federal and state policies and consider empirical evaluations that compared the quality of state policies and the factors that contributed to their formation. We resolve that any organized interest in improving end-of-life care should begin by focusing on the development and expansion of those state policies that support the provision of evidence-based medicine for reducing the amount of pain an individual experiences at the end of life. Although empirical research is needed to determine which particular aspects of state pain policy are most critical and how these policies can be implemented most effectively, any organized effort that advances state medical board activity or another state policy would appear to be making an important step toward making the pain at the end of life go away.

Imhof, Sara; Kaskie, Brian

2011-01-01

243

Public attitudes towards smoking and tobacco control policy in Russia  

PubMed Central

Background Since the political transition in 1991, Russia has been targeted intensively by the transnational tobacco industry. Already high smoking rates among men have increased further; traditionally low rates among women have more than doubled. The tobacco companies have so far faced little opposition as they shape the discourse on smoking in Russia. This paper asks what ordinary Russians really think about possible actions to reduce smoking. Methods A representative sample of the Russian population (1600 respondents) was interviewed face-to-face in November 2007. Results Only 14% of respondents considered tobacco control in Russia adequate, while 37% felt that nothing was being done at all. There was support for prices keeping pace with or even exceeding inflation. Over 70% of all respondents favoured a ban on sales from street kiosks, while 56% believed that existing health warnings (currently 4% of front and back of packs) were inadequate. The current policy of designating a few tables in bars and restaurants as non-smoking was supported by less than 10% of respondents, while almost a third supported a total ban, with 44% supporting provision of equal space for smokers and non-smokers. Older age, non-smoking status and living a smaller town all emerged as significantly associated with the propensity to support of antismoking measures. The tobacco companies were generally viewed as behaving like most other companies in Russia, with three-quarters believing that they definitely or maybe bribe politicians. Knowledge of impact of smoking on health was limited with significant underestimation of dangers and addictive qualities of tobacco. A third believed that light cigarettes are safer than normal. Conclusion The majority of the Russian population would support considerable strengthening of tobacco control policies but there is also a need for effective public education campaigns.

Danishevski, Kirill; Gilmore, Anna; McKee, Martin

2014-01-01

244

Media Bias, Public Opinion, and Policy Liberalism from 1956 to 2004: A Second-Level Agenda-Setting Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explore second-level agenda-setting at the national level. In particular, it examines the relationships among the citation bias of the New York Times, national level public opinion, and Congressional policies from 1956 to 2004 in order to better understand mass media's role in national policymaking. In addition, it also tests one important intervening variable of the relationships

Yue Tan; David H. Weaver

2010-01-01

245

An Evaluation of Public School District Tobacco Policies in St. Louis County, Missouri  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: One way to address tobacco use by youth is for primary and secondary schools to adopt and implement comprehensive tobacco policies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comprehensiveness of tobacco policies in St. Louis County, Missouri public school districts. Methods: We evaluated the strength of tobacco policies from all 23…

Barbero, Colleen; Moreland-Russell, Sarah; Bach, Laura E.; Cyr, Julianne

2013-01-01

246

Participation of Children with Dyslexia in Compulsory Education: Current Public Policy Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment and placement of children with dyslexia at appropriate schools has been regulated in the UK by a series of laws since 1944. Recent public policy developments such as the introduction of new duties and rights, and the development of law regarding educational negligence have sharpened the public policy debate on the effectiveness of…

Konur, Ozcan

2006-01-01

247

Public policy in the judicial enforcement of arbitral awards: lessons for and from Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Judicial enforcement of arbitral awards is necessary where there is no voluntary compliance by the relevant parties. Courts world-wide may refuse to enforce arbitral awards if such enforcement would be contrary to the public policy of their countries. This is known as ‘the public policy exception to the enforcement of arbitral awards’. It is enshrined in the New York Convention

Winnie Ma

2005-01-01

248

Public policy in the judicial enforcement of arbitral awards: lessons for and from Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Judicial enforcement of arbitral awards is necessary where there is no voluntary compliance by the relevant parties. Courts world-wide may refuse to enforce arbitral awards if such enforcement would be contrary to the public policy of their countries. This is known as ‘the public policy exception to the enforcement of arbitral awards’. It is enshrined in the New York Convention

Winnie Ma

2006-01-01

249

HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF PUBLIC EDUCATION POLICY IN THE UNITED STATES AND EUROPE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A STUDY WAS CONDUCTED WHICH CONSIDERED SELECTED EUROPEAN EXPERIENCES INVOLVING RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN RELIGION AND PUBLIC EDUCATION AS RELATED TO ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY, NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL POLICY. THE PUBLIC EDUCATIONAL POLICIES OF ENGLAND, THE NETHERLANDS, AND SWEDEN WERE EXAMINED BY MEANS OF LITERATURE SEARCHES, OBSERVATIONS, INTERVIEWS, AND…

CLAYTON, A. STAFFORD

250

Black Americans and Public Policy: Perspectives of the National Urban League.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of six commentaries represents the National Urban League's perspective on public policies needed to promote the interests of black Americans. Each commentary focuses on the present condition of blacks, details the impact of recent policy intiatives, and delineate's the League's proposals for improvement. "Black Americans and Public

National Urban League, Inc., New York, NY.

251

Complying With The National Institutes of Health Public Access Policy: Copyright Considerations and Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This White Paper is written primarily for policymaking staff in universities and other institutional recipients of NIH support responsible for ensuring compliance with the Public Access Policy. The January 11, 2008, Public Access Policy imposes two new compliance mandates. First, the grantee must ensure proper manuscript submission. The version of the article to be submitted is the final version over

Michael W. Carroll

2008-01-01

252

Poverty, Children, and Public PoliciesThe Need for Diversity in Programs and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The articles in the special issue on Families, Poverty, and Public Policies focus on poor families with children and develop a central theme: that current policies are not sufficiently responsive to the emerging reality of large numbers of children living in poverty. This article first provides a context for considering the results reported in these articles by noting recent public

ROBERT F. KELLY; SARAH H. RAMSEY

1991-01-01

253

Earth Sciences Changed Influence on the Public Policy Process, or How Congress Stopped Communicating with Geologists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measured in political capital, the latter third of the twentieth century was tough for geoscientists. Federal funding for geoscience research and development decreased between 1960 and 2000. Furthermore, although funds devoted to natural resources remained stable as a proportion of total federal expenditures over the same time, they declined by a factor of ten in proportion to the GDP in constant dollars. The size of the natural resource industry sector of the economy declined, as did the number of employed geologists. Geologists even disappeared as a separate category in federal statistical reports by 2000. Each of these indicators tells a portion of the story of how and why Congress stopped communicating with geologists as well as other physical scientists. Changes within the institution of Congress (e.g., lengthened careers, candidate centered politics, and the rise of conservatism) in the 1970s and 1980s resulted in economic expertise replacing the scientific. At the same time, while research and development in the geosciences required larger budgets, the practical application of the discoveries became less obvious to the public. When this was added to the rise of environmental protection in public policy geology was rendered politically vulnerable. Geologists were easily perceived by political actors as the old guard, which made them part of the problem. The hard won favored position held by geology at mid-twentieth century, built by leaders such as Powell, Nolan, and Peck evaporated as national policy shifted from resource exploitation to preservation. The language of the policy debate also shifted, with geologists moving quickly from insiders to outsiders in the policy game. Further compounding the situation, and possibly catalyzing it was the politicization of scientific expertise written into environmental preservation legislation in the 1970s. The high-level nuclear waste site selection process at Yucca Mountain is but one example of Congress passing the political hot potato to the scientists. The like-minded community of geologists and public servants that developed in the mid twentieth century was not happenstance, but built from the foundation of the scientific agencies and societies founded in the late nineteenth century. The policy dialect of the late twentieth century was influenced by rational choice terminology and econometric models, not mapping and resource exploration and development. Geology speaks a language increasingly incomprehensible to politicians and their constituents. Re-establishing the strong bonds to the political process is critical for the country. If constituents don't understand why earth science research is important, their elected representatives cannot be expected to vote for public funding. Without the voice of geology, the solutions forged in policy compromises for the many complex physical problems facing the country and the world will be sub-optimal.

McCurdy, K. M.

2005-12-01

254

Global Warming and Energy Transition: A Public Policy Imperative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The historic transition from fossil fuels to alternative energy resources has begun. This development is commonly attributed to increasing energy costs and the need for energy security. Looming ever larger, however, is the issue that will soon drive the third energy revolution: global warming. A preponderance of evidence documents accelerating warming, enlarging impacts, and human causes -- principally combustion of fossil fuels. The carbon dioxide (C02) content of Earth's atmosphere has increased more than 35 percent since the beginning of the industrial revolution and is the highest in 650,000 years. This dramatic rise of C02 and attendant positive feedbacks are already forcing significant impacts worldwide. These include atmospheric warming with shifting climatic and habitat zones, spreading tropical disease, and more extreme weather events; rapid ice loss at high latitude and high altitude; ocean warming and acidification with coral reef bleaching and intensifying tropical storms; rising sea level; and accelerating extinction rates. The 2007 draft report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicts greater warming than in previous models. A tipping point to abrupt climate change may be imminent. It is incumbent upon geoscientists and geoscience educators to assume leadership in addressing this challenge through public outreach and general education. The following topics should be integrated into all appropriate courses: the evidence of global warming and its causes; observed present and predicted future impacts of global warming; mitigation and adaptation strategies; and implications for energy policies and economic opportunities. New entry-level science and general education courses -- such as Climate Change Fundamentals and Energy in Nature, Technology, and Society -- are proving to be effective should be widely developed In addition, by workshops and presentations to civic and business organizations and by demonstrated examples of institutional commitment to energy conservation, energy efficiency, and renewable energy resources, colleges and universities must focus public and professional attention on the imperative for action and the means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and countering global warming.

Stone, G. T.

2006-12-01

255

Cigarette smoking in China: public health, science, and policy.  

PubMed

Throughout the world, cigarette smoking is a habit that causes serious health, economic, and social problems. Therefore, many countries have taken an active role to control and to ban smoking. The chronic smoking problem in China is particularly acute because China has the largest population of smokers in the world, over 300 million currently. If 30% of these smokers were to die of smoke-related diseases in the next 20 years, the impact from the more than 90 million premature deaths could be damaging to China. In addition, numerous non-smokers also experience health problems from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. China's efforts to reduce or to ban smoking in certain public places have not been well-coordinated or enforced compared with those in other countries. Therefore, success has been minimal. Consequently, leaders in China should not be complacent about combating the serious national health problem. A multiprong approach in combination with the MPOWER policy from the World Health Organization that targets different levels of acquisition of the smoking habit must be used. Examples may include the government's reduced reliance on profits from the sale of cigarettes, the elimination of advertisements that encourage smoking among young individuals, the presentation of more graphic illustration of harmful effects from smoking on every pack of cigarettes, higher taxes/prices on cigarettes, and the implementation of enforceable bans on smoking in public places. As shown in other countries, such coordinated effort can be highly effective in the reduction of smoking and can have healthy consequences. PMID:22755266

Au, William W; Su, Daisy; Yuan, Jiang

2012-01-01

256

Transversal analysis of public policies on user fees exemptions in six West African countries  

PubMed Central

Background While more and more West African countries are implementing public user fees exemption policies, there is still little knowledge available on this topic. The long time required for scientific production, combined with the needs of decision-makers, led to the creation in 2010 of a project to support implementers in aggregating knowledge on their experiences. This article presents a transversal analysis of user fees exemption policies implemented in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Togo and Senegal. Methods This was a multiple case study with several embedded levels of analysis. The cases were public user fees exemption policies selected by the participants because of their instructive value. The data used in the countries were taken from documentary analysis, interviews and questionnaires. The transversal analysis was based on a framework for studying five implementation components and five actors’ attitudes usually encountered in these policies. Results The analysis of the implementation components revealed: a majority of State financing; maintenance of centrally organized financing; a multiplicity of reimbursement methods; reimbursement delays and/or stock shortages; almost no implementation guides; a lack of support measures; communication plans that were rarely carried out, funded or renewed; health workers who were given general information but not details; poorly informed populations; almost no evaluation systems; ineffective and poorly funded coordination systems; low levels of community involvement; and incomplete referral-evacuation systems. With regard to actors’ attitudes, the analysis revealed: objectives that were appreciated by everyone; dissatisfaction with the implementation; specific tensions between healthcare providers and patients; overall satisfaction among patients, but still some problems; the perception that while the financial barrier has been removed, other barriers persist; occasionally a reorganization of practices, service rationing due to lack of reimbursement, and some overcharging or shifting of resources. Conclusions This transversal analysis confirms the need to assign a great deal of importance to the implementation of user fees exemption policies once these decisions have been taken. It also highlights some practices that suggest avenues of future research.

2012-01-01

257

State mental health policy: building a successful public-academic partnership to support state policy making.  

PubMed

This column describes a partnership between the Maryland Mental Hygiene Administration (MHA) and the Division of Psychiatric Services Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, that has implemented several evidence-based and emerging practices, such as supported employment, family psychoeducation, assertive community treatment, treatment for co-occurring mental and substance use disorders, and services for transition-age youths. The public-academic partnership has also created a separate center that employs a variety of approaches and tools to evaluate implementation fidelity and the quality and outcomes of services. These data are used by the legislature and by the governor and his executive staff to develop new policies and improvement strategies and monitor priority initiatives. PMID:24881682

Hansen, Eileen B; Seybolt, Diana C; Sundeen, Sandra J

2014-06-01

258

Publicity as policy: the changing role of press and public relations at the BMA, 1940s-80s.  

PubMed

Relationships between policy and publicity or public relations (PR) have been questioned since the emergence of professional public relations in the early-twentieth century. In the field of health and medicine organised PR activity began to flourish in the decades following World War Two. Its presence became evident in government departments, in professional associations, voluntary bodies and campaigning groups. Increasingly, policy decisions had to be publicly performed through rituals like the press conference. This chapter documents the development of press and PR activity at the British Medical Association (BMA) from the 1950s to the 1980s. The BMA provides a well-documented case, which can be used to suggest broader shifts in the association between policy and publicity. PMID:16212734

Loughlin, Kelly

2005-01-01

259

Securing Our Future: The Importance of Quality Education for Minorities. Policy Research Project Report Number 96.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on the education of minorities results from policy research projects conducted at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at Texas University (Austin) as part of the Quality Education for Minorities project to provide background research for development of a national action plan on improving the quality of education for Alaska…

Texas Univ., Austin. Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs.

260

A Personal Perspective on the Public Policy Implications of the Charney Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Charney report was more than a scientific report. It was part of a process that led to making the greenhouse effect into a public policy issue. It is not well understood how a series of reports (the most important of which was the Charney report) led ultimately to the establishment of the IPCC a decade later. One geophysicist who played a key role was Dr. Gordon MacDonald who chaired the JASON study on radiative forcing in 1978-9. (The Long Term Impact of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on Climate (SRI International, Technical Report JSR-78-07, April 1979)) Dr. MacDonald briefed numerous policy makers as a result of the JASON report which in turn helped to stimulate significant reports by the NAS (The Charney Report,1979), the Council on Environmental Quality and the Environmental Protection Agency. These reports in turn ultimately led to a series of Congressional hearings during the 1980’s that turned climate change into a public policy issue. It was the key conclusions on the Charney report which ultimately provided the Congress and the world a basis on which to begin to develop a response to the climate issue. I had the privilege of working with Dr. MacDonald through this process and will provide a personal perspective.

Pomerance, R.

2009-12-01

261

Measuring public policy: The case of beer keg registration laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there are many valuable evaluations of alcohol control policies, most do not account for the complexities of the policies, such as variability across jurisdictions, conceptual multi-dimensionality, implementation procedures and enforcement mechanisms. We conducted a detailed analysis of state beer keg registration policies in US. Based on reviews of keg registration statutes and regulations and surveys of alcohol beverage control

Alexander C. Wagenaar; Eileen M. Harwood; Cindy Silianoff; Traci L. Toomey

2005-01-01

262

Shaping Public Policy as a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

the rationale for the Foundation's emphasis on policy; explore policy initiatives of the 1990s to reduce smoking and underage and binge drinking and current ones to reverse obesity trends; and analyze the opportunities and challenges presented by a policy approach. Their emphasis reflects a perception among the Foundation's leadership that lasting social change can be most effectively brought about by

JAMES S. MARKS; JOSEPH ALPER

263

Public health importance of cystic echinococcosis in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cystic echinococcosis has been recorded in 21 out of China's 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities (approximately 87% of territory). It constitutes one of the major public health problems, especially in several northwestern provinces and autonomous regions. This paper reviews the general situation, diagnosis, treatment, education and control programmes and international cooperation. Special attention is given to the Xinjiang, an

Hao Wen; Wen-Guang Yang

1997-01-01

264

Public attitudes toward risk tradeoffs in energy policy choices. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis that will be placed on each of a number of energy policy alternatives will be determined by the tradeoffs among many factors. Important among these factors are public preferences for different levels of power availability and risk to health and safety. Also important in determining support for energy alternatives is public perception of the consequences of those policies. To assess public perception and evaluation of these factors, a number of respondents were selected to answer questions about these issues. Respondents' judgements of the acceptability of thirty-six hypothetical energy policies were analyzed using two complementary methods, discriminant analysis and judgement analysis. The first method is a statistical procedure that examines how well task variables discriminate among groups of respondents. The second method is a procedure which is used to construct models that describe the judgement processes used by respondents. Results of the discriminant analysis showed that differences among respondents' judgements were strongly related to the TECH dimension but only weakly affected by RISK and PA. On the TECH dimension, antinuclear respondents indicated relative acceptance of conservation and solar and relative rejection of nuclear and coal. Although pronuclear respondents showed slightly greater support of nuclear and coal than conservation and solar. The six clusters differed most strongly on nuclear, followed by conservation and solar, then coal. The PA dimension had more effect on the judgements of pronuclear respondents than on the judgements of antinuclear respondents. The analysis of the data indicated that the judgements of pro- and antinuclear respondents were better fit by separate models. The antinuclear respondents placed a slightly greater weight on the more RISK part of the RISK dimension relative to the PA dimension.

Lindell, M.K.; Earle, T.C.

1980-06-01

265

Public participation in environmental policy: considering scientific, counter-scientific and non-scientific contributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental policy depends for its success on public participation. However, the scientific construction of environmental issues often means that such participation in policy-making is difficult when the public is not considered scientifically 'expert'. Even if the notion of 'expertise' is broadened to deal with this problem, this does not ensure truly 'public'—i.e. lay—involvement, because lay ideas are still not included

Sally Eden

1996-01-01

266

Virology Experts in the Boundary Zone Between Science, Policy and the Public: A Biographical Analysis  

PubMed Central

This article aims to open up the biographical black box of three experts working in the boundary zone between science, policy and public debate. A biographical-narrative approach is used to analyse the roles played by the virologists Albert Osterhaus, Roel Coutinho and Jaap Goudsmit in policy and public debate. These figures were among the few leading virologists visibly active in the Netherlands during the revival of infectious diseases in the 1980s. Osterhaus and Coutinho in particular are still the key figures today, as demonstrated during the outbreak of novel influenza A (H1N1). This article studies the various political and communicative challenges and dilemmas encountered by these three virologists, and discusses the way in which, strategically or not, they handled those challenges and dilemmas during the various stages of the field’s recent history. Important in this respect is their pursuit of a public role that is both effective and credible. We will conclude with a reflection on the H1N1 pandemic, and the historical and biographical ties between emerging governance arrangements and the experts involved in the development of such arrangements.

2010-01-01

267

A historical synopsis of farm animal disease and public policy in twentieth century Britain  

PubMed Central

The diseases suffered by British livestock, and the ways in which they were perceived and managed by farmers, vets and the state, changed considerably over the course of the twentieth century. This paper documents and analyses these changes in relation to the development of public policy. It reveals that scientific knowledge and disease demographics cannot by themselves explain the shifting boundaries of state responsibility for animal health, the diseases targeted and the preferred modes of intervention. Policies were shaped also by concerns over food security and the public's health, the state of the national and livestock economy, the interests and expertise of the veterinary profession, and prevailing agricultural policy. This paper demonstrates how, by precipitating changes to farming and trading practices, public policy could sometimes actually undermine farm animal health. Animal disease can therefore be viewed both as a stimulus to, and a consequence of, twentieth century public policy.

Woods, Abigail

2011-01-01

268

[Occupational health policies through the prism of sociology and public action].  

PubMed

The article attempts to show how sociological approaches to public policy can be useful to understand the political specificity of the field of occupational health in France, although they remain rare on that question. They help us to understand how this field is structured through established compromises between interested parties including administrations, employers and employees' representatives, and how these compromises contribute to the relative public invisibility of occupational diseases. They also make it possible to see how these compromises are weakened by a series of contemporary evolutions: diversification of the employees' political and decision-making representation, increasing importance of the victims and of litigation arising from conflicts over these issues. Finally, they help us to describe the way this field resists these changes. PMID:18773842

Henry, Emmanuel; Jouzel, Jean-Noël

2008-01-01

269

Government policy and citizen passion: A study of issue publics in contemporary America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the findings of a program of research exploring the cognitive and behavioral consequences of passionate concern about government policy issues. American citizens vary a great deal in terms of the personal importance they attach to their attitudes on particular policy issues. Citizens whose policy attitudes are especially important to them are likely to think frequently about those

Jon A. Krosnick

1990-01-01

270

Social Impact Management Plans: Innovation in corporate and public policy  

SciTech Connect

Social Impact Assessment (SIA) has traditionally been practiced as a predictive study for the regulatory approval of major projects, however, in recent years the drivers and domain of focus for SIA have shifted. This paper details the emergence of Social Impact Management Plans (SIMPs) and undertakes an analysis of innovations in corporate and public policy that have put in place ongoing processes – assessment, management and monitoring – to better identify the nature and scope of the social impacts that might occur during implementation and to proactively respond to change across the lifecycle of developments. Four leading practice examples are analyzed. The International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standards require the preparation of Environmental and Social Management Plans for all projects financed by the IFC identified as having significant environmental and social risks. Anglo American, a major resources company, has introduced a Socio-Economic Assessment Toolbox, which requires mine sites to undertake regular assessments and link these assessments with their internal management systems, monitoring activities and a Social Management Plan. In South Africa, Social and Labour Plans are submitted with an application for a mining or production right. In Queensland, Australia, Social Impact Management Plans were developed as part of an Environmental Impact Statement, which included assessment of social impacts. Collectively these initiatives, and others, are a practical realization of theoretical conceptions of SIA that include management and monitoring as core components of SIA. The paper concludes with an analysis of the implications for the practice of impact assessment including a summary of key criteria for the design and implementation of effective SIMPs. -- Highlights: • Social impact management plans are effective strategies to manage social issues. • They are developed in partnership with regulatory agencies, investors and community. • SIMPs link assessment to ongoing management and address social and community issues. • SIMPs clarify responsibilities in the management of impacts, opportunities and risks. • SIMPs demonstrate a shift to include management as a core component of SIA practice.

Franks, Daniel M., E-mail: d.franks@uq.edu.au [Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining, The University of Queensland, Sustainable Minerals Institute, St Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland 4072 (Australia); Vanclay, Frank, E-mail: frank.vanclay@rug.nl [Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, The University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)] [Department of Cultural Geography, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, The University of Groningen, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen (Netherlands)

2013-11-15

271

Framing Rationale for the Iraq WarThe Interaction of Public Support with Mass Media and Public Policy Agendas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the initial US rationale given for the Iraq War using agenda-setting and agenda-building approaches and a model for understanding the interaction of public opinion with public policy and mass media agendas. To study these dynamics, the study examines two distinct periods of time, of high and low public support of the war (April–May 2003 and April–May 2004).

Thomas B. Christie

2006-01-01

272

The project organization as a policy tool in implementing welfare reforms in the public sector.  

PubMed

Organizational design is considered in policy literature as a forceful policy tool to put policy to action. However, previous research has not analyzed the project organization as a specific form of organizational design and, hence, has not given much attention to such organizations as a strategic choice when selecting policy tools. The purpose of the article is to investigate the project as a policy tool; how do such temporary organizations function as a specific form of organization when public policy is implemented? The article is based on a framework of policy implementation and is illustrated with two welfare reforms in the Swedish public sector, which were organized and implemented as project organizations. The case studies and the analysis show that it is crucial that a project organization fits into the overall governance structure when used as a policy tool. If not, the project will remain encapsulated and will not have sufficient impact on the permanent organizational structure. The concept of encapsulation indicates a need to protect the project from a potential hostile environment. The implication of this is that organizational design as a policy tool is a matter that deserves more attention in the strategic discussion on implementing public policies and on the suitability of using certain policy tools. PMID:22733712

Jensen, Christian; Johansson, Staffan; Löfström, Mikael

2013-01-01

273

Public health agenda setting in Louisiana: an applied index and implications for community development policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to contribute to community development from a public health policy perspective. One tenet of community development is the notion of shared experiences, whether historical, cultural, social, or otherwise. Within the context of this sharing, too, is public health, and the synergy between public health and community development is crucial to the well-being of a

Lesley Taylor Grover; Eric Horent

2011-01-01

274

44 CFR 5.20 - Publication of rules and general policies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Publication of rules and general policies. 5...PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION Publication of or Availability of General Agency...and Similar Material § 5.20 Publication of rules and general...

2013-10-01

275

Community Colleges, Public Policy, and Latino Student Opportunity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter synthesizes the studies described in this volume and situates them within a broader policy context, concluding with implications for practitioners and researchers. (Contains 9 online resources.)

Flores, Stella M.; Horn, Catherine L.; Crisp, Gloria

2006-01-01

276

Living kidney donation: the importance of public education.  

PubMed

A sample of Malaysians in the Klang Valley indicating their decision on becoming unrelated living kidney donors was surveyed regarding huge amounts of financial incentives to be rewarded to them. From the 1310 respondents, 72.1% said "no" on becoming a living donor. The reason "I don't think humans can live with only one kidney" scored the highest (35.6%), and from the 27.9% of the respondents who are willing to donate their organ with the right financial incentive, most of the respondents picked the reasons "I want to do something noble in life" (50%), and monetary reason scored the lowest (6.2%), indicating that financial incentive is not a major reason guiding individuals' decision on becoming living donors. We suggest that the government should put priority at targeting public education to raise the understanding on the risk, safety and the quality of life of donation and transplantation, and improving the public trust on the donation and the surgical methods to carry out transplantation. PMID:24617562

Tumin, Makmor; Rasiah, Rajah; Noh, Abdillah; Satar, Nurulhuda Mohd; Chong, Chin-Sieng; Lim, Soo-Kun; Ng, Kok-Peng

2014-04-01

277

Science Under Attack! Public Policy, Science Education, and the Emperor's New Clothes  

ScienceCinema

The popular debate about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools is but one quandary for scientists and policy makers. Given recent developments which have worked to breed a general distrust of science, it is evident that researchers and politicians alike should be wary of using popular opinion as a guide for policy and pedagogy when it comes to science in public education. Dr. Krauss will qualify this complex issue and will address how educators, policy makers and scientists can work effectively to prevent public misconceptions of science.

278

Science Under Attack! Public Policy, Science Education and the Emperor's New Clothes  

ScienceCinema

The popular debate about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools is but one quandary for scientists and policy makers. Given recent developments which have worked to breed a general distrust of science, it is evident that researchers and politicians alike should be wary of using popular opinion as a guide for policy and pedagogy when it comes to science in public education. Dr. Krauss will qualify this complex issue and will address how educators, policy makers and scientists can work effectively to prevent public misconceptions of science.

279

Science Under Attack! Public Policy, Science Education and the Emperor's New Clothes  

SciTech Connect

The popular debate about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools is but one quandary for scientists and policy makers. Given recent developments which have worked to breed a general distrust of science, it is evident that researchers and politicians alike should be wary of using popular opinion as a guide for policy and pedagogy when it comes to science in public education. Dr. Krauss will qualify this complex issue and will address how educators, policy makers and scientists can work effectively to prevent public misconceptions of science.

Professor Lawrence Krauss

2005-12-05

280

Science Under Attack! Public Policy, Science Education, and the Emperor's New Clothes  

SciTech Connect

The popular debate about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools is but one quandary for scientists and policy makers. Given recent developments which have worked to breed a general distrust of science, it is evident that researchers and politicians alike should be wary of using popular opinion as a guide for policy and pedagogy when it comes to science in public education. Dr. Krauss will qualify this complex issue and will address how educators, policy makers and scientists can work effectively to prevent public misconceptions of science.

Krauss, Lawrence (Case Western Reserve University) [Case Western Reserve University

2005-12-05

281

Some Observations on Livestock Policies in Egypt With Special Reference to Credit and Import Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

With increasing population and increasing per capita income, the demand for livestock products has exceeded domestic supplies. Imports have not been able to meet the gap; prices have been driven up beyond the reach of many. Meanwhile, animal protein intak...

I. Soliman M. A. El-Azim F. Habib

1983-01-01

282

Canadian Provinces and Public Policies for University Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is increasing attention to sub-national regions in science and technology (S&T) policy. This paper examines the recent evolution of provincial S&T policies in the Canadian provinces, focusing on how they link university research to regional technological development. Drawing on multiple sources of data and evidence, this study identifies and…

Sa, Creso M.

2010-01-01

283

Regulation, public policy, and investment in communications infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing number of countries are reexamining telecommunications policies in search of approaches that better support investment and innovation in advanced communication networks and services. In addition to regulatory instruments, a broad range of fiscal and industrial policy measures are being revitalized. These instruments affect regulated and unregulated firms in the ICT ecosystem in multifaceted ways and sometimes have counterintuitive

Johannes M. Bauer

2010-01-01

284

Spotlight on the Family: Public Policy and Private Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of 18 months of deliberation on family policy issues pertaining to young children, the American Jewish Committee's Task Force on Family Policy put together this booklet. After an introductory foreword by E. Robert Goodkind, a paper by Steven Bayme, called "Current Debates and Challenges," outlines the range of issues underlying family…

American Jewish Committee, New York, NY.

285

The Role of Health Education in Public Policy Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health educators should view policy development as a unit of professional practice analogous to the individual, the small group, the community, and the organization. The impact of policy on other units of practice and on people served by health educators is too great and the competition for scarce resources for health and human services is too keen to be disregarded.

Allan Steckler; Leonard Dawson

1982-01-01

286

Research Issues in Information and Public Policy. Occasional Paper 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the very timely issue of national information policy, particularly in view of the pending second White House Conference on Libraries and Information Services in July 1991. Information policy is examined from economic, political, and social points of view and the national government is urged to address the challenging task of…

Galvin, Thomas J.

287

A Study of Health Policies in Public School Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was undertaken to identify, classify, and interpret extant written school health policies. Furthermore, it was planned to ascertain whether schools were using standardized forms or systematic procedures to formulate school health policies. Administrators in school districts representing every geographical area of the U.S. were asked to…

Lasch, Henry A.

288

Mass Media Competition, Political Competition, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

If better informed voters receive favorable policies, then mass media will affect policy because mass media provide most of the information people use in voting. This paper models the incentives of the media to deliver news to different groups. The increasing-returns-to-scale technology and advertising financing of media firms induce them to provide more news to large groups, such as tax

David Strömberg

289

Policies for America's Public Schools: Teachers, Equity, and Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses on the education commission and its policy recommendations and provides an evaluation of policies on teachers and teaching, equity, and uses of educational testing to assess the effects of reform. The volume examines both equity and excellence in American education. After an introductory chapter providing an overview of the…

Haskins, Ron, Ed.; MacRae, Duncan, Ed.

290

Institutional Policy Issues for Providing Public Internet Access.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers policy formation for libraries providing Internet access to users. Topics include budget issues; staffing, including training; patron use, including time limits, downloading, and printing; library service and programs; legal issues, including intellectual freedom, copyright, and institutional liability; and sample policies available on…

Cordell, Rosanne M.; Wootton, Nancy A.

1996-01-01

291

Interest Groups, Economic Competition, and Endogenous Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A common-agency model is constructed to investigate how two interest groups a workers' group and an environmentalists' group affect the formation of a capital tax and an environmental policy. The political power of interest groups, which is related to the free-rider problem that they face, is crucial in deciding these policies. This paper depicts the conditions under which either NIMBY

Yu-Bong Lai

2003-01-01

292

Post-war smoking policy in the UK and the redefinition of public health.  

PubMed

Current analyses of UK smoking policy within two frameworks--the 'heroes and villains' view of journalist accounts and a political science emphasis on rival 'producer' and 'issue' networks in policy making. It is often assumed that the US experience provides a universal historical model. This paper sees smoking policy in the UK as a case study in the relationship between 'scientific fact creation' and policy, which has also been emblematic of wider changes in public health ideology. The issue of smoking and lung cancer symbolized the post-war shift from infectious to chronic disease and the rise of a new 'lifestyle'-oriented public health. In the 1980s passive smoking brought a revival of environmentalism; in the 1990s the rediscovered concept of addiction symbolized developments in public health in which curative and preventive initiatives were entwined. Despite the rise of a militant 'healthism' within both anti-smoking and public health since the 1970s, British policy retained a dual focus, an emphasis on risk reduction as well as risk elimination in which policy networks were entwined rather than distinct. Some public health scientists worked in policy milieux, notably the expert committee, which crossed this apparent divide and which linked with industry. Connections between government and industry changed as public health 'treatment' brought the pharmaceutical industry into the picture. PMID:12688300

Berridge, Virginia

2003-01-01

293

Why Tour Guiding is Important for Ecotourism: Enhancing Guiding Quality with the Ecotourism Promotion Policy in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ecotourism Promotion Policy in Japan requires tour guiding to be employed, although it provides little rationale for it. This paper reviews the literature to illustrate why tour guiding is important for achieving policy and ecotourism goals in order to support this requirement. An overview of ecotourism policy in Japan is provided, contributions of tour guiding to achieving the policy

Naoko Yamada

2011-01-01

294

Manganese--a public health concern: its relevance for occupational health and safety policy and regulation in South Africa.  

PubMed

Concerns about the effects of low-level manganese exposures on human health arise at a time when South Africa finds itself in competition with newcomers to the market economy, China and the CIS. This case study illustrates how decisions about occupational health and safety and the environment are influenced by incompleteness of scientific knowledge, competing interests, differences over what is fair or just, and the compartmentalization of public policy. In addition, an assessment is made of the ability of the occupational health and safety system in South Africa in its current form to address the challenges posed by manganese-related issues. The importance of tracking developments abroad, strengthening participatory processes, developing national policy, linking economic policy and OHS policy, and establishing appropriate trade agreements is stressed. PMID:10828146

Hermanus, M A

2000-01-01

295

The Future of Career Counseling as an Instrument of Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the interactions of career counseling and public policy; the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats related to such interactions; and selected strategic issues facing professional career counselors in the 21st century. (GCP)

Herr, Edwin L.

2003-01-01

296

Marine Waste Disposal in the New York Bight--Public Policy, Environmental Impacts and Alternative Futures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The following ten conclusions provide a brief summary of this paper: (1) Little baseline scientific information on waste disposal effects exists before 1970; (2) no constructive public policy to control waste disposal existed before the 1972 Marine Protec...

M. L. Italiano

1976-01-01

297

Dollars, lobbying, and secrecy: how campaign contributions and lobbying affect public policy.  

PubMed

Public policy is too often determined not by the merits of the case but, rather, by individuals, corporations, and even countries who buy influence and alter public policy for the benefit of only a few. As a wrap-up for this conference on "Corporate Interference with Science and Health: Fracking, Food and Wireless," it is our intent to provide a personal story of how money can buy favors and determine policies that are often counter to the public interest and can even lead to failure to protect the health of the public. Given our background in law specific to the US, the basis of our evidence comes from legal rulings as well as legislative actions that have had an impact on policies in the US. While the specifics of governments vary, related activities surrounding money, lobbying, who knows who, and how decisions are made in secret to benefit a few are events that occur everywhere. PMID:24413211

Seymour, Whitney North; Seymour, Gabriel North

2013-01-01

298

The changing US health care system: challenges for responsible public policy.  

PubMed

The "managed care backlash" arguably topped the list of media and policy concerns in 1998. Yet, against the background of the highly charged environment in which the future of our health care system continues to be debated, there is a dearth of concrete, "objective" facts on the nature of the changes, the reasons for them, and their meaning. An analysis of five important themes that emerged from a review of the recent literature on health system change concludes that an inherent tension exists between the interest in rapidly driving down health care costs through organizational change and the long time frames that are required to make fundamental changes in structure, process, and orientation. Unfortunately, in an environment in which purchasers are driven to seek cost savings and the political will supports a pluralistic and mixed public/private system, the health system may chart an alternative course, with the result that purchasers may rely increasingly on individual cost sharing and continue to cut back the amount of coverage they are willing to offer. The real challenge for public policy makers is to confront the issues directly, avoiding political incentives to adopt easy and fast solutions for these complex matters. PMID:10197026

Gold, M

1999-01-01

299

Environmental risks and future generations: Criteria for public policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines alternative normative approaches to the policy challenges posed by long-term environmental problems such as toxic and radioactive waste disposal, stratospheric ozone depletion, and climate change. The paper argues that cost-benefit ana...

R. B. Howarth

1992-01-01

300

The Impact of Public Housing Policy on Family Social Work Theory and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social workers are the professionals most engaged with families living in low-income and subsidized housing and most familiar with the problems associated with inadequate housing. Yet the discussion of public housing policy has been left largely to economists and housing activists and the clear implications for family social work practice have not been made clear. To connect these critical policy

Dawn McCarty

2008-01-01

301

Wake Up the Nation: Public Libraries, Policy Making, and Political Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public libraries are heavily affected by political and policy-making processes that shape the funding, activities, and roles of libraries in society, with the explosion of information policy decisions in the past two decades significantly increasing the responsibilities of libraries while also increasing limitations on their activities. Research…

Jaeger, Paul T.; Bertot, John Carlo; Gorham, Ursula

2013-01-01

302

Career Development and Public Policy: The Role of Values, Theory and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career development specialists have not usually participated in public policy about work and workers. This paper examines how, as a community of technical experts, they can encourage policymakers to use values, theory, and research findings to assess the impact of current practices and to generate new policies. Career development specialists can…

Savickas, Mark L.

303

The Public Controversy Over the Panama Canal Treaties: An Analysis of American Foreign Policy Rhetoric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the public rhetoric created during the debate over the Panama Canal treaties. Examines three foreign policy dramas that emerged: Cold War, New World Order, and Power Politics. Argues that these dramas provide insight into how foreign policy rhetoric reflects Americans' conceptions of themselves and their global responsibility. (JD)

Hollihan, Thomas A.

1986-01-01

304

Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy: Laurence Steinberg  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laurence Steinberg, recipient of the Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy, is cited for his extraordinary impact on policy in juvenile justice and child labor and on research into the role of parent and peer relationships in the development of children and adolescents. His groundbreaking research is marked by a…

American Psychologist, 2009

2009-01-01

305

Use of the Means/Ends Test to Evaluate Public School Dress-Code Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explain how a means/ends test can be adapted for the school environment. Public school officials can use a means/ends test to document an analysis of whether dress-code policies will be effective in diminishing risks to the health, safety, or morality of the school population. Elements of policy evaluation--ends,…

Workman, Jane E.; Studak, Cathryn M.

2008-01-01

306

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Alliance for Excellent Education Announces New Center for Secondary School Digital Learning and Policy: Center's Work in…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2011-01-01

307

The Effects of Public Sector Hiring and Compensation Policies on the Egyptian Labor Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the combined impact of the employment guarantee for graduates and public sector compensation policies on the Egyptian labor market. Besides contributing to an unsustainable rate of growth in the government labor force, these policies have encouraged queuing for government jobs, contributed to high graduate unemployment rates, and reduced the employment of graduates in the private sector. Despite

Ragui Assaad

1997-01-01

308

Education, Training and Youth Affairs--Issues and Public Policy Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education and training in Australia represent a significant sector of the economy, comprising some 7 percent of the Gross Domestic Product. Public policy is fashioned to support three main sectors: schools, vocational education and training, and higher education. The mix of Commonwealth policy across these sectors is determined by distribution of…

Sedgwick, Steve

309

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 9, Number 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Informing Adolescent Literacy Policy and Practice": Alliance Brief Offers Lessons Learned from Federal Efforts to Improve…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2009

2009-01-01

310

Planned Diversity: A Public Policy for Independent Higher Education in North Carolina.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policy assumptions, concerns, and recommendations from the leaders of independent colleges and universities are offered to contribute to the development of a public policy for higher education in North Carolina. The independent sector differs from the state sector in patterns of funding and governance. Benefits provided by the independent college…

North Carolina Center for Independent Higher Education, Raleigh.

311

A Functional Analysis of the Evolution of Public Policy for Handicapped Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major changes in Massachusetts public policy governing early intervention programs for very young disabled children were described. The process of policy change and formation was analyzed by focusing on the principal catalysts for change. Factors were examined in terms of issue definition, proposal formulation, support mobilization, and decision…

Meisels, Samuel J.

1985-01-01

312

Human stem cell research: some controversies in bioethics and public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, controversy has raged about ethical public policies toward some potential sources of human stem cells for research, particularly human embryos left over from in vitro fertilization (IVF) or created through somatic cell nuclear transfer. This article critically examines the ethical and policy issues, particularly as they have emerged in the reports and recommendations of two presidentially

James F Childress

2004-01-01

313

Commissioning the University of Excellence: Swedish Research Policy and New Public Research Funding Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many countries, current research policy is dominated by managerialism and excellence, manifesting the aim of making universities into national strategic assets in the globally competitive knowledge economy. This article discusses these policy trends and their mirror in recent developments in public funding for academic research, with special…

Hallonsten, Olof; Silander, Charlotte

2012-01-01

314

Nuclear energy: the accuracy of policy makers' perceptions of public beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The policy makers' attitudes were found to be significantly more favorable than those of the total public sample. The policy makers were able to shift their own (personal) responses in the directions indicated by their role-play assignments to reproduce accurately the overall attitudes of the PRO and CON groups on this controversial topic, although there was a tendency to overestimate

Kerry Thomas; Elisabeth Swaton; Martin Fishbein; Harry J. Otway

1980-01-01

315

76 FR 38399 - Assessing the Current Research, Policy, and Practice Environment in Public Health Genomics  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Practice Environment in Public Health Genomics AGENCY: Centers for...and practice environment in public health genomics. HHS/CDC is currently...assess the most important steps for public health genomics in the next five...

2011-06-30

316

Sexual Harassment in Public Schools: Policy Design, Policy Implementation, and the Perceptions of Employees Participating in Investigations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of two cases of sexual harassment investigates employee perceptions and organizational characteristics associated with policy and implementation procedures in two public school districts in New York State which experienced different outcomes to litigation in response to formal complaints of sexual harassment. Using documentary evidence…

Bratge, Katrina

2009-01-01

317

Public policies for managing urban growth and protecting open space: policy instruments and lessons learned in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public sector in the United States has responded to growing concern about the social and environmental costs of sprawling development patterns by creating a wide range of policy instruments designed to manage urban growth and protect open space. These techniques have been implemented at the local, regional, state and, to a limited extent, national levels. This paper provides a

David N. Bengston; Jennifer O. Fletcher; Kristen C. Nelson

2004-01-01

318

EMERGING ISSUES IN PUBLIC POLICY: HIGHLIGHTS OF THE 2000 NATIONAL PUBLIC POLICY EDUCATION CONFERENCE, ALBANY, NY, SEPTEMBER 17-20, 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Includes: Fifty Years of Public Policy Education, by R.J. (Jim) Hildreth; Biotechnology, Food, and the Environment, by Greg Traxler and Ian M. Sheldon; How Fair 2002?, by Barry L. Flinchbaugh and Lou Swanson; The Emerging Food Supply Chain, by Marvin L. Hayenga and John C. Bernard; Financing and Delivering Rural Health Care, by Lois Wright Morton, Forest W. Calico and

Anonymous

2000-01-01

319

Does emotional intelligence have important roles in the public organizations? A case of public organization in Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scholars claimed that emotional intelligence is an important factor for people's success and good performance at the workplace. However, that argument should be further investigated whether that phenomenon also happens in the public organizations since public organizations got less attention from emotional intelligence researches. This study is aimed to investigate the relationship among emotional intelligence, conflict management styles, and

Hsi-An Shih; Ely Susanto

320

All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses.  

PubMed

Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are increasingly drawing the attention of healthcare professionals, policy makers and the general public. While zoonoses of 'traditional' pets are widely recognized and their prevention and treatment factors are generally known, the growing popularity of 'non-traditional' pets has the potential to facilitate human exposure to novel zoonoses. However, the greatest risk of zoonoses probably arises from animals taken directly from the wild to serve as pets. Non-governmental organizations, state veterinary associations and others have been calling for increased regulation of animal imports, some proposing that all 'exotics' be banned from the pet trade. Because zoonotic diseases of companion animals are influenced by interacting factors of ecological, technical, socio-economic, and political origin, efforts to minimize their impact need be multi-dimensional, simultaneously addressing both the ecological and socio-political drivers of disease emergence and transmission. This study is intended to serve as a primer for animal care professionals seeking to engage with policy makers and the pet industry on the prevention of companion animal zoonoses. We provide background on the human-animal bond, risks of zoonoses associated with groups of companion animals, and the public policy context, as well as identify the factors needed to build a comprehensive approach to companion animal zoonoses risk management. Also included are examples of innovative, non-regulatory initiatives designed to limit the spread and impact of companion animal zoonoses, including a reptile salmonella poster, the National Reptile Improvement Plan, Habitattitude campaign, Pet Zoonoses Committee, and a wildlife disease surveillance initiative known as Project TripWire. PMID:18399943

Reaser, J K; Clark, E E; Meyers, N M

2008-10-01

321

[The development of public policies for elderly care in Brazil].  

PubMed

The objective of this documental analysis is to discuss the legal aspects involved in the development of elderly care policies in Brazil, considering the socio-historical-political context, and in view of the aspects that outline the wellbeing of an aged individual. Data collection was performed between June and September of 2010 via governmental websites. Documents were included if they complied with the proposed objective; were connected with elderly care policies, and lay within the legal accomplishments regarding elderly care policies in 2006 and the Elói Chaves Law of 1923. This analysis indicated that elderly wellbeing depends significantly on resource allocation in sectors other than the healthcare area, with emphasis on the elderly in the labor market and the feminization of old age. It is expected that the community and administrators will discuss the needs of the elderly population and the integration of care networks that remain necessary for the heterogeneity of this population. PMID:23380796

Fernandes, Maria Teresinha de Oliveira; Soares, Sônia Maria

2012-12-01

322

Toxicity assessment and public policies: an urgent need for research.  

PubMed

The new European regulation on chemicals triggers a huge number of new testing. However, more than 2 years after the enforcement of this policy, toxicity assessment and risk assessment are still using single species tests that deliver little information. As it is often the case, the link between science and policy seems to be disrupted. However, policy makers need more than ever information on the fate and effects of chemicals on living systems. Without relevant knowledge for decision making, the application of the precautionary principle is the only reasonable way to manage risks. It is necessary to develop new risk assessment strategies using the last innovations from biology: the omics tools, ecology, ecosystem modeling, chemistry, and computing. This article highlights some of the recent trends in ecotoxicology and calls for a new research strategy. This strategy implies research to be funded by its users. PMID:20549618

Vindimian, Eric

2010-10-01

323

The importance of peer effects, cigarette prices and tobacco control policies for youth smoking behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper expands the youth cigarette demand literature by undertaking an examination of the determinants of smoking among high school students incorporating the importance of peer effects and allowing cigarette prices (taxes) and tobacco control policies to have a direct effect and an indirect effect (via the peer effect) on smoking behavior. To control for the potential endogeneity of our

Lisa M. Powell; John A. Tauras; Hana Ross

2005-01-01

324

The Ethics of Health Education as Public Health Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of voluntariness is central to an understanding of ethical considerations in two aspects of public health education practice: (1) the selection of appropriate interventions, and (2) the selection of appro priate targets for such interventions. Theposition is taken that most mass communications programs in public health education are persuasive as well as informative in intent. It is argued

Ruth R. Faden; Alan I. Faden

1978-01-01

325

Sanctions for Sex Offenders: Fear and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated public attitudes regarding sex offender sanctions through telephone surveys (n = 703). The greatest support was for residency and work restrictions. There was less support for publication of names in a newspaper, curfews, life in prison, and castration. Support for nonsevere sanctions correlated with socioeconomic status,…

Comartin, Erin B.; Kernsmith, Poco D.; Kernsmith, Roger M.

2009-01-01

326

The Quadrivium of Online Public Consultation: Policy, Culture, Resources, Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concerned by declining interest, trust, and participation by citizens in democratic politics, governments and political institutions worldwide are turning to the internet in attempts to revitalise democracy through online public consultation and citizen participation, referred to as e-democracy or ‘government 2.0’. This paper reports research into the planning and conduct of a series of online public consultation trials launched by

Jim Macnamara

2010-01-01

327

Differing perceptions and the resulting uncertainty of public policy: An examination of the Clean Water Act's Section 404 Regulatory Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to carefully analyze a problem prior to the selection of a decision-making method. One such method examines the relationship between goals and technology. A two-dimensional matrix is proposed that categorizes types of planning problems. In order to examine this matrix within the context of an existing planning\\/public policy issue, a survey was designed for distribution to the

Glosser

1989-01-01

328

Toward the Integrated Study of Political Communications, Public Opinion, and the Policy-making Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that the dynamics of public policy decisions, political power, mass media coverage, and public opinion have become so interconnected that it demands a new field of integrated study. Argues that the absence of this study leads to either overrating or undervaluing the mass media effect on politics. (MJP)

Jacobs, Lawrence R.; Shapiro, Robert Y.

1996-01-01

329

Private Education: Studies in Choice and Public Policy. Yale Studies on Nonprofit Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Private education and comparisons between private and public education at the collegiate and elementary/secondary levels are discussed in 11 articles. Attention is directed to relationships between private choice and public policy as they affect the quality, finance, governance, mission, and division of labor in a cross-national, interdisciplinary…

Levy, Daniel C.

330

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 6, Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Who's Counted? Who's Counting?": New Alliance Report Examines Graduation Rate Reporting, Addresses Public Confusion, Presents…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2006-01-01

331

From "Public Health" to "Safeguarding Children": British Health Visiting in Policy, Practice and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the location of British health visiting in contemporary policy discourses concerned with public health and safeguarding children. It argues that professional identity and orientation can be understood through health visiting's long history of public health work with children and families, which has included an engagement…

Peckover, Sue

2013-01-01

332

Public Participation and Policy: Unpacking connections in one UK Local Agenda 21  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within Western cultures, the term 'public participation' has strong positive connotations, and is associated with the promotion of democracy. The contention of this paper is that these invocations of democracy—although not entirely inaccurate—obscure the varied and tangible effects of public partici- pation on wider policy processes. This paper argues that participation should not be analysed in terms of the type

Liz Sharp

2002-01-01

333

How to Reduce Property Taxes. Texas Trilogy on Public Education and Taxes. Policy Brief No. 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third in a trilogy of policy briefs discussing education and taxation. The first brief explained Texas' need to increase its investment in public education. The second brief explained how a Texas-style personal income tax is the best way both to adequately support public education and to reduce reliance on the property tax. That brief…

Lavine, Dick

2006-01-01

334

Religious Challenges to the Public School Curriculum. Policy Memo Series No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy paper focuses on religious challenges to the public school curriculum, specifically those involving claims that public schools are prompting "secular humanism"--an allegedly antitheistic creed that places human reason above divine guidance. While some courts have recognized that "secular humanism" may be considered a "religion" for…

McCarthy, Martha M.

335

Diversifying Fiscal Support by Pricing Public Library Services: A Policy Impact Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the possibility of diversifying the resource base of public libraries dependent on property taxes for funding through the setting of fees for library services, and reports on a pricing policy adopted by the Dallas Public Library System. Twenty-seven references are cited. (FM)

Hicks, Donald A.

1980-01-01

336

Genetics on stage: Public engagement in health policy development on preimplantation genetic diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arts-based approaches to public engagement offer unique advantages over traditional methods of consultation. Here we describe and assess our use of theatre as a method of public engagement in the development of health policy on preimplantation genetic diagnosis, a controversial method for selecting the genetic characteristics of embryos created through in vitro fertilization. Funding from the Canadian Institutes for Health

Susan M. Cox; Magdalena Kazubowski-Houston; Jeff Nisker

2009-01-01

337

Population Forecasting and the Age-Structure: A Survey. Research Reports in Public Policy, Number 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is one of a series of reports introducing public agencies and other interested parties to the capabilities of policy analysis techniques. This publication focuses upon the role of population estimation and projection in regional analysis. The first section examines population estimation methods used by the U.S. Bureau of the Census and…

Jenkins-Stark, John F.

338

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Digital Learning Meets Digital Democracy: Alliance for Excellent Education Accepting Public Feedback on New Digital Learning…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

339

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 5, Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Americans Speak on Education: Public Credits Education System for U.S. Success in the World, but Worries About Future Unless…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2005-01-01

340

Adoption of an Outdoor Residential Hall Smoking Policy in a California Public University: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Because secondhand smoke is a public health concern, many colleges have adopted bans to ensure healthier environments. This study demonstrates how outdoor smoking policy change can be accomplished at a large public university. Participants: The participants were 1,537 students housed in residential communities at the University of…

Garg, Trit; Fradkin, Nicholas; Moskowitz, Joel M.

2011-01-01

341

Public Policy and State Education Agency Roles in Teacher Labor Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the edited transcripts of presentations made at the National Symposium on Public Policy and State Education Agency Roles in Teacher Labor Relations in May 1974. The symposium explored various aspects of teacher collective bargaining and the present and possible roles of state education agencies. Included in the booklet…

Peterson, Jon, Ed.

342

The role of public policies in reducing mental health status disparities for people of color.  

PubMed

Ethnic and racial disparities in mental health are driven by social factors such as housing, education, and income. Many of these social factors are different for minorities than they are for whites. Policies that address gaps in these social factors therefore can address mental health status disparities. We analyze three policies and their impact on minorities: the Individuals with Disability Education Act, Section 8 housing vouchers, and the Earned Income Tax Credit. Two of the three policies appear to have been effective in reducing social inequalities between whites and minorities. Expansion of public policies can be the mechanism to eliminate mental health status disparities for minorities. PMID:14515881

Alegría, Margarita; Pérez, Debra Joy; Williams, Sandra

2003-01-01

343

Impacts of Public Policies and Farmer Preferences on Agroforestry Practices in Kerala, India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Agroforestry systems are fundamental features of the rural landscape of the Indian state of Kerala. Yet these mixed species systems are increasingly being replaced by monocultures. This paper explores how public policies on land tenure, agriculture, forestry and tree growing on private lands have interacted with farmer preferences in shaping land use dynamics and agroforestry practices. It argues that not only is there no specific policy for agroforestry in Kerala, but also that the existing sectoral policies of land tenure, agriculture, and forestry contributed to promoting plantation crops, even among marginal farmers. Forest policies, which impose restrictions on timber extraction from farmers' fields under the garb of protecting natural forests, have often acted as a disincentive to maintaining tree-based mixed production systems on farmlands. The paper argues that public policies interact with farmers' preferences in determining land use practices.

Guillerme, S.; Kumar, B. M.; Menon, A.; Hinnewinkel, C.; Maire, E.; Santhoshkumar, A. V.

2011-08-01

344

Entitlements of Latino Students in the Massachusetts Public Educational System: Some Legal and Policy Considerations. Publication No. 90-02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to analyze entitlements designed to guarantee equal educational opportunity rights for Latino students in Massachusetts public schools, review policy debates on these issues, and recommend areas for research. The primary interest is threefold: (1) entitlements could be expanded; (2) to show where their limits lie; and (3) to…

Colon, Javier; And Others

345

FROM RESEARCH TO PUBLIC POLICY: PROGRESS IN SCIENTIFIC AND PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING OF ACID PRECIPITATION AND ITS BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Wisdom in the development of public policy requires objective assessments of fact. Scientific understanding of acid precipitation and its biological consequences has increased substantially in recent years but needs to be expanded still further. At present much more is known abou...

346

Confidentiality and Public Policy Regarding Children with HIV Infection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the relationship between law and policy, examining significant gains in establishing legal precedents for protecting the educational rights of children with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection in confronting HIV-related discrimination. The article looks at legal principles of confidentiality, disclosure, negligence and potential…

Harvey, David C.

1994-01-01

347

Graduate Medical Education and Public Policy: A Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes graduate medical education (GME) in the United States and outlines some options for future policy related to GME. GME is the process of providing academic and clinical education to physicians after they have graduated from an accredited medical school. GME typically occurs in teaching hospitals or other health care settings.…

Henderson, Tim

348

Fundamentals of U.S. Foreign Policy. Public Information Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to explore the interests and objectives of U.S. foreign policy, this book addresses: (1) national security and arms control; (2) economic programs and trends; (3) human rights efforts; (4) science and technological developments; (5) relationships with various world regions; and (6) the need for an adequate foreign affairs budget. Chapter…

Department of State, Washington, DC. Bureau of Public Affairs.

349

Transitions to Adulthood for Homeless Adolescents: Education and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education plays a critical role in how adolescents mature into adults. A vulnerable, and often forgotten, sub-population of the poor is homeless youth, for whom lack of a stable or adequate residence creates a unique set of educational barriers. The Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) spent 18 months documenting the experiences of…

Tierney, William G.; Gupton, Jarrett T.; Hallett, Ronald E.

2008-01-01

350

Net Neutrality: Telecom Policy and the Public Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: What is net neutrality? The debate about the shape of the Internet is being held behind closed doors, led by government and industry with little pub- lic input. This article examines net neutrality and the stakeholders in this emerg- ing national debate. The authors discuss the legislative and policy implications, while at the same time exploring alternative models for

Neil Barratt; Leslie Regan Shade

351

Commentary Net Neutrality: Telecom Policy and the Public Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is net neutrality? The debate about the shape of the Internet is being held behind closed doors, led by government and industry with little pub- lic input. This article examines net neutrality and the stakeholders in this emerg- ing national debate. The authors discuss the legislative and policy implications, while at the same time exploring alternative models for achieving

Neil Barratt; Leslie Regan Shade

352

Simulation and Modeling: A Tool for Public Policy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within Canada, the Federal Government has initiated a discussion on the application of the precautionary approach in a number of high risk areas, including marine transportation. The authors believe that the application of the precautionary approach in the maritime sector implies a more rigorous risk assessment for policy initiatives than is currently required. Given the fundamental changes occurring in the

Leslie G. O'Reilly

353

Public Involvement and the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is based largely on assumptions about bureaucratic ineptitude as the cause of environmental degradation and citizen involvement as the cure. These assumptions and the procedural requirements of the NEPA process have severly undercut the limited contributions which citizen involvement can make to…

Fairfax, Sally K.

354

A Public Policy Perspective on Research Integrity and Misconduct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of federal policy on research integrity and scientific misconduct chronicles the history of federal involvement in accountability in the scientific community, forms of intervention, determination of the boundaries of misconduct, and the rights of whistle blowers. Official definitions and standards are presented. (MSE)

Frankel, Mark S.

1997-01-01

355

In vitro fertilization and public policy: turning to the consumer  

Microsoft Academic Search

A responsible and comprehensive policy of in vitro fertilization should be preceded by the gathering of empirical information about the application of the procedure in the 138 IVF centers across the country. To date, attention has been directed more to the implications of IVF as a whole than to actual behaviors in the medical community. It is appropriate to survey

Andrea Bonnicksen

1986-01-01

356

America's Fathers and Public Policy: Report of a Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews the activities of a workshop "America's Fathers: Abiding and Emerging Roles in Family and Economic Support Policies (Washington, D.C., September 26-28, 1993). The workshop focused on the role of fathers in the American family, especially on issues related to child support, teenage fathers, fathers of children with disabilities,…

Crowell, Nancy A., Ed.; Leeper, Ethel M., Ed.

357

Medicalization, public policy and the elderly: Social services in jeopardy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the medicalization of community-based services for the elderly; a process of restructuring to provide more highly medical services to a frail older population at the expense of providing a broader range of social and supportive services to older persons with varying levels of need. Medicalization is tied to changes in government policy (particularly Medicare reimbursement) which have

Elizabeth A. Binney; Carroll L. Estes; Stanley R. Ingman

1990-01-01

358

"College Level" and "Critical Thinking": Public Policy and Educational Reform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist California community college personnel in implementing 1986 regulations concerning associate degree requirements, this paper analyzes the key terms in the new policy, "college level" and "critical thinking," and discusses practical implications for assessment, curriculum, and instruction. First, the paper identifies factors that…

Glock, Nancy Clover

359

Alliance between tobacco and alcohol industries to shape public policy  

PubMed Central

Aims The tobacco and alcohol industries share common policy goals when facing regulation, opposing policies such as tax increases and advertising restrictions. The collaboration between these two industries in the tobacco policy arena is unknown. This study explored if tobacco and alcohol companies built alliances to influence tobacco legislation, and if so, how those alliances worked. Methods Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents. Findings In the early 1980s, tobacco companies started efforts to build coalitions with alcohol and other industries to oppose cigarette excise taxes, clean indoor air policies, and tobacco advertising and promotion constraints. Alcohol companies were often identified as a key partner and source of financial support for the coalitions. These coalitions had variable success interfering with tobacco control policymaking. Conclusions The combined resources of tobacco and alcohol companies may have affected tobacco control legislation. These alliances helped to create the perception that there is a broader base of opposition to tobacco control. Advocates should be aware of the covert alliances between tobacco, alcohol, and other industries and expose them to correct this misperception.

Jiang, Nan

2013-01-01

360

The Effects of Gratz and Grutter: A Public Policy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the precedent established in the "University of California Board of Regents v. Bakke," that race may be used as a factor in admissions policies at state institutions of higher education, state and federal court decisions were divided over whether the use of race in admissions decisions was a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the…

Mattox, Kari Ann

2009-01-01

361

The Role of the Corporate Speechwriter in Public Policy Spokesmanship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Indicates that corporate speechwriters actively seek to identify possible speech issues for their organizations' spokespersons, often helping to build clients' speech agendas. Suggests that the "Strategic Issues Management" (SIM) model can be useful to practitioners and students of policy speechwriting/spokesmanship by providing the beginnings of…

Cassidy, John C.

1987-01-01

362

The Politics of Educational Policy Studies: A Preliminary Analysis of Leading Educational Policy Journal Publications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that the content, analytical approaches and institutional affiliations of authors of articles published in the latest issues of two leading educational policy studies journals provide useful insights into the contested nature of educational policy studies. The paper draws upon a selection of articles published in 2007/08 issues…

Hardy, Ian

2009-01-01

363

Land Use and Public Policy; An Assessment of Policy Research Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An approach for developing a research agenda applied to national needs in land use policy is outlined. A Working Group assessed the adequacy of institutional and conceptual land use policy research. It concluded that a two-year evaluation of contemporary ...

M. F. Brewer J. G. Coke J. Moore

1977-01-01

364

Experimental evaluation of public policy: the case of state legislation for child passenger safety.  

PubMed Central

Observations of children in automobiles were made in seven states before and after implementation of legislation requiring use of child passenger safety devices. Increases in safe seating for children covered by state laws and children under 1 year old were observed in three of the five states implementing legislation during this study. Decreases in safe seating for these age groups were observed in two states, however. Increases in safe seating for children from 1 to 5 years old were observed in four of these five states. Although methodological limitations require cautious interpretation, these data suggest the impact child safety seat laws may have on compliance. Implications of this research for policies on child passenger safety and the importance of exploiting naturally occurring public experiments are discussed.

Seekins, T; Fawcett, S B; Cohen, S H; Elder, J P; Jason, L A; Schnelle, J F; Winett, R A

1988-01-01

365

Slowing Amazon deforestation through public policy and interventions in beef and soy supply chains.  

PubMed

The recent 70% decline in deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon suggests that it is possible to manage the advance of a vast agricultural frontier. Enforcement of laws, interventions in soy and beef supply chains, restrictions on access to credit, and expansion of protected areas appear to have contributed to this decline, as did a decline in the demand for new deforestation. The supply chain interventions that fed into this deceleration are precariously dependent on corporate risk management, and public policies have relied excessively on punitive measures. Systems for delivering positive incentives for farmers to forgo deforestation have been designed but not fully implemented. Territorial approaches to deforestation have been effective and could consolidate progress in slowing deforestation while providing a framework for addressing other important dimensions of sustainable development. PMID:24904156

Nepstad, Daniel; McGrath, David; Stickler, Claudia; Alencar, Ane; Azevedo, Andrea; Swette, Briana; Bezerra, Tathiana; DiGiano, Maria; Shimada, João; Seroa da Motta, Ronaldo; Armijo, Eric; Castello, Leandro; Brando, Paulo; Hansen, Matt C; McGrath-Horn, Max; Carvalho, Oswaldo; Hess, Laura

2014-06-01

366

Educating Students on the Need to Protect Authentic Science in Public Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists have an important responsibility to be sure their students are aware of the ways in which their research results can be politicized and misused. Political interference in science has penetrated deeply into the culture and practices of federal agencies. The persistent and energetic engagement of scientists is critical to ensuring the government meets its obligation to serve the public interest. To foster thoughtful discussions about the proper role of science in federal policy making, the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) has created a Scientific Integrity Curriculum Guide to help graduate, undergraduate and advanced high school instructors teach this complex subject. The guide is a fully developed lesson plan that teachers in both scientific and non-scientific disciplines can tailor to suit their needs. It provides lecture slides, worksheets, homework assignments, essay suggestions, and links to other resources. Educating the next generation of scientists is essential because significant and long-lasting reforms require the support of a well- informed scientific community.

Grifo, F.; McCarthy, M.; Langlais, C.

2008-12-01

367

Policies  

Cancer.gov

The National Cancer Institute and the National Human Genome Research Institute staff actively seek input from subject matter experts in developing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) policies and guidelines to help govern the way investigators implement tissue and clinical data collections, data access and publications using the TCGA data sets.

368

Alcohol industry influence on UK alcohol policy: A new research agenda for public health  

PubMed Central

The British government has been criticised for according industry interests too much weight in alcohol policy-making. Consequently, it has been argued that alcohol strategy in the UK is built around policies for which the evidence base is weak. This has clear implications for public health. The purpose of this commentary is to map recent developments in UK alcohol policy and related debates within the alcohol policy literature, thus laying the foundations for a systematic examination of the influence of the alcohol industry on alcohol policy. It highlights the changing structure of the industry and summarises what is known about the positions and strategies of industry actors towards alcohol policy. In so doing, it aims to contribute not just to debates about alcohol policy, but to a broader understanding of health policy processes and the relationships between government and other stakeholders. It advances a new research agenda focused on the role of corporate actors in the field of alcohol policy and public health more broadly.

Hawkins, Benjamin; Holden, Chris; McCambridge, Jim

2012-01-01

369

The Public Policy Legacy of Samuel A. Kirk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the efforts of Samuel Kirk, an early leader in the field of learning disabilities, to effect change in the public and political spheres related to exceptional children, children with learning disabilities, and the larger community. (DB)

Gallagher, James J.

1998-01-01

370

77 FR 70181 - Request for Information on Adopting Smoke-Free Policies in Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5597-N-02] Request for Information on Adopting Smoke-Free Policies in Public Housing Agencies...continue to support the implementation of smoke-free policies for both public housing...or involved with the implementation of smoke-free policies and methods for...

2012-11-23

371

78 FR 24739 - Draft Policy Papers Released for Public Comment: Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-HQ-OA-2013-0133; FRL-9805-9] Draft Policy Papers Released for Public Comment: Title VI of...Today, EPA has released two draft policy papers for public comment. The first draft policy paper, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

2013-04-26

372

Green energy market development in Germany: effective public policy and emerging customer demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the development of renewable energy in Germany from 1973 to 2003. It investigates the relative importance of energy policy and green power marketing in shaping the renewable energy market. More than a decade of consistent policy support for renewables under the feed-in law (StrEG) and its successor (EEG) has been an important driver for increasing renewable electricity

Rolf Wüstenhagen; Michael Bilharz

2006-01-01

373

Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies: 1993. [Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the National Public Policy Education Committee (43rd, Clearwater Beach, Florida, September 12-15, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual conference of the National Public Policy Education Committee (NPPEC) is held to improve the policy education efforts of extension workers responsible for public affairs programs. This publication contains 26 conference papers: "Rural America and the Information Revolution: An Exploration of Possibilities and Potentialities" (David…

Halbrook, Steve A., Ed.; Grace, Teddee E., Ed.

374

Occupational Safety and Health for Public Safety Employees: Assessing the Evidence and the Implications for Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What kinds of injuries do public safety workers suffer? And how might the tracking of such injury incidents help improve prevention efforts in their workplace? These were some of the questions that motivated RAND organization researcher Tom LaTourrette and his colleagues as they set out to research this subject. Their work can be found in this 157-page report released in December 2008. The report includes some interesting findings, including the observation that little tracking of non-fatal incidents occurs within many public safety job settings, and that better data tracking could also help monitor potential abuses of the disability retirement system. Visitors will note that the report is divided into seven chapters, along with two appendices, and a complete list of references. Overall, it's a rather thorough review of this particular policy area, and one that will be useful to a number of different groups, including public policy scholars and civic officials.

Loughran, David S.; Latourrette, Tom; Seabury, Seth A.

2008-01-01

375

Public policy and the misuse of forest resources  

SciTech Connect

Rapid deforestation in developing countries is making fuel and timber increasingly scarce, causing soil erosion, flooding, and siltation, and destroying unique ecological resources. Population growth and increasing demands for farmland are usually blamed. This book examines the strong profit motives behind the misuse of forest lands, including generous government incentives that encourage forest industries to expand far beyond areas that would normally be commercially viable and policies that underwrite the conversion of forest areas to large ranches, plantations, and agricultural settlements. Based on new, detailed investigations in China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brazil, West Africa, and the United States, the essays in this book provide descriptive, analytical, and empirical material on key forest policies and their effects.

Repetto, R.; Gillis, M.

1988-01-01

376

Mass Media Competition, Political Competition, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

If better informed voters receive favourable policies, then mass media will affectpolicy because mass media provide most of the information people use invoting. This paper models the incentives of the media to deliver news todifferent groups. The increasing-returns-to-scale technology and advertisingfinancing of media firms induce them to provide more news to large groups,such as taxpayers and dispersed consumer interests, and

David Strömberg

2004-01-01

377

Integrating natural and social sciences to inspire public confidence in radioactive waste policy case study - Committee on radioactive waste management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Integrating Natural and Social Sciences to Inspire Public Confidence in Radioactive Waste Policy Case Study: Committee on Radioactive Waste Management Implementing effective long-term radioactive waste management policy is challenging, and both UK and international experience is littered with policy and programme failures. Policy must not only be underpinned by sound science and technical rationale, it must also inspire the confidence

Usher

2007-01-01

378

The Role of Public Policies in Reducing Smoking Prevalence in California: Results from the California Tobacco Policy Simulation Model  

PubMed Central

Summary Tobacco control policies are examined utilizing a simulation model for California, the state with the longest running comprehensive program. We assess the impact of the California Tobacco Control Program (CTCP) and surrounding price changes on smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable deaths. Modeling begins in 1988 and progresses chronologically to 2004, and considers four types of policies (taxes, mass media, clean air laws, and youth access policies) independently and as a package. The model is validated against existing smoking prevalence estimates. The difference in trends between predicted smoking rates from the model and other commonly used estimates of smoking prevalence for the overall period were generally small. The model also predicted some important changes in trend, which occurred with changes in policy. The California SimSmoke model estimates that tobacco control policies reduced smoking rates in California by an additional 25% relative to the level that they would have been if policies were kept at their 1988 level. By 2004, the model attributes over 60% of the reduction to price increases, over 25% of the overall effect to media policies, 10% to clean air laws, and only a small percent to youth access policies. The model estimates that over 5,000 lives will be saved in the year 2010 alone as a result of the CTCP and industry-initiated price increases, and that over 50,000 lives were saved over the period 1988-2010. Tobacco control policies implemented as comprehensive tobacco control strategies have significantly impacted smoking rates. Further tax increases should lead to additional lives saved, and additional policies may result in further impacts on smoking rates, and consequently on smoking-attributable health outcomes in the population.

Levy, David T.; Hyland, Andrew; Higbee, Cheryl; Remer, Lillian; Compton, Christine

2009-01-01

379

Why is it difficult to promote public mental health? A study of policy implementation at local level  

Microsoft Academic Search

The promotion of public mental health is a challenging endeavour for policy actors and stakeholders. In particular, the implementation of public mental health initiatives highlighted in Standard One of the National Service Framework for Mental Health has been poor and patchy (Department of Health, 2004a). This paper attempts to illuminate the complex process of public mental health policy implementation at

Samuel Annor; Pauline Allen

2008-01-01

380

Selective Admissions in Higher Education. Public Policy and Academic Policy; The Pursuit of Fairness in Admissions to Higher Education; The Status of Selective Admissions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The selective admissions issue in higher education is examined in this book from three perspectives. Part One on public policy and academic policy includes comments and recommendations by the Carnegie Council on Policy Studies in Higher Education. A report by Winton H. Manning in Part Two deals with fairness, including: the role of values in…

Manning, Winton H.; And Others

381

24 CFR 964.320 - HUD Policy on training, employment, contracting and subcontracting of public housing residents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false HUD Policy on training, employment, contracting...TENANT OPPORTUNITIES IN PUBLIC HOUSING Family Investment Centers (FIC) Program § 964.320 HUD Policy on training, employment,...

2010-04-01

382

Sex Crimes, Children, and PornographyPublic Views and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Get tough” approaches for responding to sex crimes have proliferated during the past decade. Child pornography in particular has garnered attention in recent years. Policy makers increasingly have emphasized incarceration as a response to such crime, including accessing child pornography. Juxtaposed against such efforts is a dearth of knowledge about “get tough” policies for responding to sex crimes, particularly those

Daniel P. Mears; Christina Mancini; Marc Gertz; Jake Bratton

2008-01-01

383

Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 21 papers: "Land Grant University and Extension in the 21st Century" (Jon Wefald); "A Reality Check" (Bud Webb); "Land Grant Colleges and Universities of the Future" (Michael J. Phillips); "Vulnerability of the Land Grant Colleges of Agriculture: A Public Affairs Perspective" (Allen Rosenfeld); "The Future of Land Grant…

Ernstes, David P., Ed.; Hicks, Dawne M., Ed.

384

State Policies in Public School Finance. Bulletin, 1922, No. 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present monograph has been "written with a view" to presenting in a simple and concise manner to the general educational public the most significant conclusions reached in the course of an extensive study of school finance, continued for several years and covering a number of states. Some of the data have been taken from bulletins of the…

Swift, Fletcher Harper

1922-01-01

385

US Public Universities' Compliance With Recommended Tobacco-Control Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

To address the rise in tobacco use among college stu- dents, several national health organizations, including the Ameri- can College Health Association, recommend that colleges enact smoking bans in and around all campus buildings, including stu- dent housing, and prohibit the sale, advertisement, and promotion of tobacco products on campus. Key informants at 50 US public universities, one from each

Abigail C. Halperin; Nancy A. Rigotti

2003-01-01

386

Parenting and public policy: Contextualizing the Swedish corporal punishment ban  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 1 July 1979, a law went into effect in Sweden that outlawed all forms of physical punishment of children, including that administered by parents. While the history of this law has been fully described elsewhere, scant attention has been paid to the political and social contexts in which the law emerged and found public support. It is argued in

Joan E. Durrant; Gregg M. Olsen

1997-01-01

387

The geologist and public policy issues, opportunities and obligations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, geologists have been perceived by the public as solely involved in resource exploration and production or geologic hazards mitigation. This generally included mining, oil drilling, landslide or earthquake (after the fact) comments, and rock or mineral collecting. These operations have come to be associated with land exploitation involving extraction of non-renewable resources, and often, in consequence, pollution. These generic

1993-01-01

388

Essays on Government Documents and Public Policies (5).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six essays describe the Pentagon's magazine publishing empire, how the Reagan Administration's "War on Waste" eliminated both substantive and frivolous publications, the employment outlook for librarians in the Occupational Outlook Handbook, the 1979 Yearbook on Agriculture, the often unintelligible language of government documents, and the…

Morehead, Joe

1986-01-01

389

Taking Guns from Batterers: Public Support and Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal law prohibits the purchase or possession of a firearm by persons convicted of misdemeanor domestic violence and those under certain domestic violence restraining orders. The purpose of this investigation is to examine public sentiment about the removal of firearms in the absence of a restraining order or misdemeanor conviction following…

Sorenson, Susan B.

2006-01-01

390

Reinventing Tenure: What Schools Can Learn from Public Reform Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tenure has lost public legitimacy. Of 30 states reforming civil-service systems or proposing reforms, Georgia has gone the farthest. Since 1996, new state government hires have been "at will" employees. Erosion of private-sector union strength may aid antitenure political leaders' efforts. A sidebar outlines states' actions. (10 references) (MLH)

Hess, Frederick; Maranto, Robert A.

1999-01-01

391

[Crisis and the independence of public health policies. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

Independence in the formulation of public health policies can be affected by various agents with objectives contrary to population health, such as large corporations. This lack of independence may be exacerbated by the economic crisis due to lower funding for health regulatory bodies or other measures designed to protect health. Large corporations have influenced the formulation of certain policies with an impact on health, such as those related to the tobacco industry, the chemical industry, nutrition, alcohol, pharmaceuticals, and health technology. The main areas in which these companies can influence policies are science, education, politics, and society in general. In this scenario, public health associations should take an active role in ensuring the independence of political decisions via actions such as the following: supporting strategies that guarantee the independence of public health policies and apply criteria of impartiality and transparency; rejecting those public-private partnerships launched to prevent health problems partly caused by these corporations; establishing partnerships to achieve independent training of health professionals and an institution with scientific authority in order to improve public health communication and counteract the lack of sound public health information; promoting a critical analysis of the definition of health problems and their solutions, and establishing related agendas (scientific, political and media) and alliances, so that continuing training for health professionals is independent. PMID:24746762

Hernández Aguado, Ildefonso; Lumbreras Lacarra, Blanca

2014-06-01

392

The importance of environmental variability and management control error to optimal harvest policies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

State-dependent strategies (SDSs) are the most general form of harvest policy because they allow the harvest rate to depend, without constraint, on the state of the system. State-dependent strategies that provide an optimal harvest rate for any system state can be calculated, and stochasticity can be appropriately accommodated in this optimization. Stochasticity poses 2 challenges to harvest policies: (1) the population will never be at the equilibrium state; and (2) stochasticity induces uncertainty about future states. We investigated the effects of 2 types of stochasticity, environmental variability and management control error, on SDS harvest policies for a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) model, and contrasted these with a harvest policy based on maximum sustainable yield (MSY). Increasing stochasticity resulted in more conservative SDSs; that is, higher population densities were required to support the same harvest rate, but these effects were generally small. As stochastic effects increased, SDSs performed much better than MSY. Both deterministic and stochastic SDSs maintained maximum mean annual harvest yield (AHY) and optimal equilibrium population size (Neq) in a stochastic environment, whereas an MSY policy could not. We suggest 3 rules of thumb for harvest management of long-lived vertebrates in stochastic systems: (1) an SDS is advantageous over an MSY policy, (2) using an SDS rather than an MSY is more important than whether a deterministic or stochastic SDS is used, and (3) for SDSs, rankings of the variability in management outcomes (e.g., harvest yield) resulting from parameter stochasticity can be predicted by rankings of the deterministic elasticities.

Hunter, C.M.; Runge, M.C.

2004-01-01

393

Spina bifida advocacy--a case study in public policy success.  

PubMed

Advocacy. Public policy. Politics. Congress and the Administration. Given recent events, these words often cause people to groan, roll their eyes, tune-out, or launch into a litany of complaints about the government. While each of these responses is understandable, the Spina Bifida Association (SBA) maintains a steadfast commitment to working with individuals, families, physicians, nurses, and other caregivers to channel their sense of frustration with government, public policy, and regulations into positive change for the Spina Bifida community. SBA engages in health policy advocacy to help fulfill its mission and achieve its goals and objectives as an organization to enhance the lives of those with Spina Bifida and those whose lives are touched by this challenging birth defect. To that end, SBA seeks local, state, federal support for policies and programs that reduce and prevent suffering from Spina Bifida. PMID:17891312

Brownstein, Cindy; Paul, Ilisa Halpern; Quinn, Anne House

2007-01-01

394

Settings as an Important Dimension in Health Education\\/Promotion Policy, Programs, and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Settings—community, worksite, schools, and healthcare sites—constitute an important dimension of health education\\/health promotion policy and programs and for research about program needs, feasibility, efficacy, and effectiveness. These settings vary in the extent of coverage of and relationships with their respective constituencies, valued outcomes, and quantity and quality of evidence about the effectiveness of setting-specific and cross-setting programs. Main sources of

Patricia Dolan Mullen; David Evans; Jean Forster; Nell H. Gottlieb; Matt Kreuter; Robert Moon; Thomas ORourke; Victor J. Strecher

1994-01-01

395

Tobacco taxation and public health: ethical problems, policy responses.  

PubMed

This article aims to describe the major ethical issues surrounding tobacco taxation, and to identify policy responses to minimise any ethical dilemmas. It uses the standard ethical framework for biomedicine (covering beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for autonomy and justice), in conjunction with relevant data on tobacco taxation from various developed countries. Tobacco taxation contributes substantial benefits at the population level by protecting health (i.e., by deterring the uptake of smoking by youth, by promoting quitting, and by reducing harm from exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS)). However, tobacco taxes can contribute to financial hardship among low-socioeconomic status populations where smoking persists. Such taxes can contribute to autonomy, by reducing SHS exposure to non-smokers, and by allowing freedom from nicotine-dependency for those who quit smoking or do not start regular smoking as a result of high tobacco prices. Furthermore, increases in tobacco taxation may reduce health inequalities and so contribute to justice. Nevertheless, the additional tax burden imposed on smokers who wish to continue to smoke, or are unable to quit, can be considered unjust. The autonomy of such smokers may be partly impaired. Although tobacco tax can be regarded as ethically justifiable because of its substantial overall benefit to society, there is substantial scope for policy changes to further reduce any harms and injustices for those populations who continue to smoke. PMID:15899323

Wilson, Nick; Thomson, George

2005-08-01

396

After the Public Interest Prevails: The Political Sustainability of Policy Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevailing political science wisdom is that narrow interests regularly triumph over the general public. Yet the stunning passage of broad-based policy reforms in the face of intense clientele opposition suggests that the U.S. political system has a greater capacity to serve diffuse interests than has often been thought. Some of the most provocative policy-oriented political-science research during the 1980s

Eric Patashnik

2003-01-01

397

Public policy issues. A Southern California Gas Company project SAGE report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of solar energy to stretch our supplies of fossil fuels was investigated. Project SAGE (semi-automated ground environment) addresses itself to one application of this goal, solar assistance in central water heating systems for multifamily projects. Public policy issues that affect the rate of adoption of solar energy systems were investigated and policy actions were offered to accelerate the adoption of SAGE and other solar energy systems.

Barbieri, R. H.; Hirsberg, A. S.

1978-01-01

398

Human stem cell research: some controversies in bioethics and public policy.  

PubMed

In the United States, controversy has raged about ethical public policies toward some potential sources of human stem cells for research, particularly human embryos left over from in vitro fertilization (IVF) or created through somatic cell nuclear transfer. This article critically examines the ethical and policy issues, particularly as they have emerged in the reports and recommendations of two presidentially appointed advisory bodies: The National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC) and the President's Council on Bioethics (PCB). PMID:14757422

Childress, James F

2004-01-01

399

Public policies for a sustainable energy sector: regulation, diversity and fostering of innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many industrialized countries have introduced environmental policy measures in order to reduce negative externalities linked\\u000a to economic activities. These policy actions produce different effects on the economic system depending on the regulatory\\u000a tools adopted and the specific objective of public intervention. The impact on innovation is particularly difficult to predict,\\u000a especially with regard to the direction of technological change. As

Valeria Costantini; Francesco Crespi

2009-01-01

400

The importance of public health agency independence: Marcellus shale gas drilling in Pennsylvania.  

PubMed

Public health often deals with inconvenient truths. These are best communicated and acted on when public health agencies are independent of the organizations or individuals for whom the truths are inconvenient. The importance of public health independence is exemplified by the lack of involvement of the Pennsylvania Department of Health in responding to health concerns about shale gas drilling. Pennsylvania Department of Health involvement has been forestalled by the state governor, who has intensely supported shale gas development. PMID:24328620

Goldstein, Bernard D

2014-02-01

401

Program for advanced study in public science policy and administration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results and conclusions of the six-year effort concerned with the development and implementation of a university educational program intended to prepare scientists and engineers for upper-level management and administrative positions (as distinct from senior technical positions) were presented. This interdisciplinary program is at the graduate level, leading to a Master of Arts degree, and is given within a Division of Public Administration.

Rosenthal, A. H.

1976-01-01

402

Guideline No. 3 under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978: automatic adjustment clauses standard  

SciTech Connect

On April 24, 1980, the Department of Energy (DOE) issued a Notice of Proposed Voluntary Guideline for the Automatic Adjustment Clauses Standard Under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (45 FR 29234, May 1, 1980). This Notice discusses in the Preamble the public comments DOE received and presents the guideline in its final form as the Appendix. The objective of an automatic adjustment clause is to mitigate the effect on utility revenues of relatively volatile cost items which a utility purchases on a continual basis. The most important of such cost items is fuel, and this guideline focuses primarily on an automatic fuel-adjustment clause. The following are discussed: provision of incentives for effective fuel and power procurement practices; provision of incentives for economic and efficient generation of electricity; incorporation of automatic-adjustment charges into the rate structure; incentives for displacement of scarce fossil fuels in the generation mix; accounting and management audits; design of an automatic-adjustment clause; and need for an automatic-adjustment clause.

None

1980-12-01

403

Commercial influence and global nongovernmental public action in health and pharmaceutical policies.  

PubMed

Nongovernmental public action has been effective in influencing global agenda-setting in health and pharmaceutical policies, yet its record in influencing solutions to the problems identified has been notably more limited. While trade policies have been particularly resistant to change, more substantial changes are observable in global health policies and global health governance. However, some of the directions of change may not be conducive to the democratic accountability of global health governance, to the wise use of public resources, to health systems development, or to longer-term access to health care within developing countries. The authors argue that observed changes in global health policies can be understood as accommodating to corporate concerns and priorities. Furthermore, the changing global context and the commercialization of global public action itself pose sharp challenges to the exercise of influence by global nongovernmental public actors. Nongovernmental organizations not only face a major challenge in terms of the imbalance in power and resources between themselves and corporate interest groups when seeking to influence policymaking; they also face the problem of corporate influence on public action itself. PMID:21842577

Koivusalo, Meri; Mackintosh, Maureen

2011-01-01

404

Policy Windows, Public Opinion, and Policy Ideas: The Evolution of No Child Left Behind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the policy process that led to the passage of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in the United States and the Bush Administration's role in this process. Design/methodology/approach: The research design is historical and archival. A description of the NCLB Act is given and the major provisions and…

Jaiani, Vasil; Whitford, Andrew B.

2011-01-01

405

Tax Policy and Human Capital Formation with Public Investment in Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the effects of distortionary taxes and public investment in an endogenous growth OLG model with knowledge\\u000a transmission. Fiscal policy affects growth in two respects: first, work time reacts to variations of prospective tax rates\\u000a and modifies knowledge formation; second, public spending enhances labour efficiency but also stimulates physical capital\\u000a through increased savings. It is shown that Ramsey-optimal

Simone Valente

2005-01-01

406

Alcohol policy enforcement and changes in student drinking rates in a statewide public college system: a follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Background Heavy alcohol use among U.S. college students is a major contributor to young adult morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to examine whether college alcohol policy enforcement levels predict changes in student drinking and related behaviors in a state system of public colleges and universities, following a system-wide change to a stricter policy. Methods Students and administrators at 11 Massachusetts public colleges/universities completed surveys in 1999 (N of students = 1252), one year after the policy change, and again in 2001 (N = 1074). We calculated policy enforcement scores for each school based on the reports of deans of students, campus security chiefs, and students, and examined the correlations between perceived enforcement levels and the change in student drinking rates over the subsequent two year period, after weighting the 2001 data to adjust for demographic changes in the student body. Results Overall rates of any past-30-days drinking, heavy episodic drinking, and usual heavy drinking among past-30-days drinkers were all lower in 2001 compared to 1999. School-level analyses (N = 11) found deans' baseline reports of stricter enforcement were strongly correlated with subsequent declines in heavy episodic drinking (Pearson's r = -0.73, p = 0.011). Moreover, consistently high enforcement levels across time, as reported by deans, were associated with greater declines in heavy episodic drinking. Such relationships were not found for students' and security chiefs' reports of enforcement. Marijuana use did not rise during this period of decline in heavy drinking. Conclusions Study findings suggest that stronger enforcement of a stricter alcohol policy may be associated with reductions in student heavy drinking rates over time. An aggressive enforcement stance by deans may be an important element of an effective college alcohol policy.

2010-01-01

407

Crime and punishment: is "justice" good public policy?  

PubMed

Dysfunctional features of American penology are mitigated somewhat by the application (though uneven) of modern science. Unfortunately, these advances do not address major flaws in the ideas on which the system is erected. These include retribution, proportional punishment, and all-or-none notions of criminal responsibility. We propose abandoning retribution for its own sake; making punishment proportional to its effectiveness for behavior change rather than to the indignation evoked by the offense; and incorporating punishment into sentences based on the clinical and behavioral characteristics of the offender, including containment as necessary for public safety. Every offender would be held responsible, but the meaning and consequences thereof would change. The proposed changes could only occur incrementally. New systems of oversight and accountability would be required. Legislative bodies could provide guidelines, and courts could oversee, but neither could micromanage. Few are better qualified to work toward these goals than readers of this journal. PMID:18802188

Curtis, George C; Nygaard, Richard L

2008-01-01

408

Earthquake prediction: The interaction of public policy and science  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Earthquake prediction research has searched for both informational phenomena, those that provide information about earthquake hazards useful to the public, and causal phenomena, causally related to the physical processes governing failure on a fault, to improve our understanding of those processes. Neither informational nor causal phenomena are a subset of the other. I propose a classification of potential earthquake predictors of informational, causal, and predictive phenomena, where predictors are causal phenomena that provide more accurate assessments of the earthquake hazard than can be gotten from assuming a random distribution. Achieving higher, more accurate probabilities than a random distribution requires much more information about the precursor than just that it is causally related to the earthquake.

Jones, L. M.

1996-01-01

409

Linking Public Health, Housing, and Indoor Environmental Policy: Successes and Challenges at Local and Federal Agencies in the United States  

PubMed Central

We describe the successes and challenges faced by federal and local government agencies in the United States as they have attempted in recent years to connect public and environmental health, housing, community development, and building design with environmental, housing, and building laws, codes, and policies. These policies can either contribute to or adversely affect human physical and mental health, with important implications for economic viability, research, policy development, and overall social stability and progress. Policy impediments include tension between housing affordability and health investment that causes inefficient cost-shifting, privacy issues, unclear statutory authority, and resulting gaps in responsibility for housing, indoor air, and the built environment. We contrast this with other environmental frameworks such as ambient air and water quality statutes where the concept of “shared commons” and the “polluter pays” is more robust. The U.S. experiences in childhood lead poisoning prevention, indoor air, and mold provide useful policy insights. Local programs can effectively build healthy homes capacity through local laws and housing codes. The experience of coordinating remediation for mold, asthma triggers, weatherization, and other healthy housing improvements in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, is highlighted. The U.S. experience shows that policymakers should adopt a prevention-oriented, comprehensive multi-disciplinary approach at all levels of government to prevent unhealthy buildings, houses, and communities.

Jacobs, David E.; Kelly, Tom; Sobolewski, John

2007-01-01

410

Evaluation of a policy to reduce youth tractor crashes on public roads  

PubMed Central

Objective Evaluate the effectiveness of a United States state law, Wisconsin Act 455, in reducing highway tractor crashes involving youth operators. Design Policy outcome evaluation involving review of a retrospective case series. Setting Youth highway tractor crashes from Wisconsin for the years 1994–2003 that resulted in a fatality, injury, and/or property damage. Subjects One hundred and forty six tractor crash cases involving operators younger than 16?years. Methods Describe and model the tractor crash patterns before and after enactment of the law, and examine the relation between the contributing circumstances identified in the crash reports and the content covered in the mandated tractor certification course. Results There was neither a significant change in the number of youth tractor crashes after the law was passed, nor any reduction in the proportion of crashes where the youth operator was designated at fault. The tractor certification course did not cover the major factors contributing to youth tractor crashes on public roads. Conclusions No significant effect of the law was detected and crash rates at the end of the study period were similar to those before Wisconsin Act 455. The authors' findings should not be construed to suggest that public policy, in general, is an ineffective strategy for the prevention of pediatric agricultural injuries. Negotiating a balance in public policy debates will be a challenge, but it is clear that future policy initiatives need to identify and implement the right policy for the right problem.

Marlenga, B; Doty, B C; Berg, R L; Linneman, J G

2006-01-01

411

NCLR Agenda for Hispanic Families: A Public Policy Briefing Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This briefing book offers guidance to Congress, the Administration, and state legislatures about which issues are important to the nation's largest ethnic groups, focusing on: "Civil Rights" (hate crimes, racial profiling, sentencing reform, and voting rights); "Economic Mobility" (e.g., banking and financial services, pensions, savings, Social…

National Council of La Raza, Washington, DC.

412

The Nature-Nurture Debate and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contentious nature-nurture debate in developmental psychology is poised to reach a rapprochement with contemporary concepts of gene-environment interaction, transaction, and fit. Discoveries over the past decade have revealed how neither genes nor the environment offers a sufficient window into human development. Rather, the most important

Dodge, Kenneth A.

2004-01-01

413

Promoting Public Policy that Supports Healthy Infants and Toddlers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The earliest years of life are critical to providing a foundation for good health. Providing adequate health care early can prevent many of the physical, social-emotional, and cognitive impairments that children could face in the future. The recent landmark health reform package signed into law includes important elements that positively affect…

Rappaport, Debbie M.

2010-01-01

414

Credit for College: Public Policy for Student Loans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines past and present student loan programs and new alternatives. Responsible people take a wide range of positions on the desirable role of student loans in higher education finance. Views on student loans, in part, reflect the relative importance various observers attach to three basic rationales for government intervention in…

Hartman, Robert W.

415

Local Public Schools: How To Pay for Them? Public Policy Bibliographies: 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 756-entry bibliography was prompted by the Serrano decision of the California Supreme Court in August 1971. The items are drawn from the literature on public administration, law, education, and State and local government since 1965. Items are organized under "Inequality of Educational Opportunity,""Financing of Local Public Schools,""State…

Tompkins, Dorothy Cambell, Comp.

416

Persistent poverty among Africans Americans in the United States: the impact of public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the persistent poverty that exists among African Americans in the United States. It explains why African Americans in the United States are much more likely to live and\\/or remain in poverty than any other population group. This study is based on the premise that the governmental system has affected African Americans through the use of public policies.

Daphne M Cooper

2011-01-01

417

Public policy and anthropometric outcomes in the Côte d'Ivoire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Household survey data from the Côte d'Ivoire are used to examine the impact of public policies on child height, child weight for height and adult body mass index. Economic adjustment programs in the 1980s were accompanied by reduced availability and quality of health care services and increases in relative food prices. The health of Ivorians was probably adversely affected by

Duncan Thomas; Victor Lavy; John Strauss

1996-01-01

418

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 6, Number 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Paying Double: United States Spends Over $1.4 Billion Annually on Remedial Education for Recent High School Graduates; (2) ACT…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2006-01-01

419

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Education Appropriations Bill Signed into Law: U.S. Department of Education to Receive $1 Billion Increase in Funding; (2) NCLB…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

420

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Building a Grad Nation": New Report Finds More than Half of States Increased High School Graduation Rate, Number of "Dropout…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

421

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) FY 2011 Spending Discussions Continue: Pressure Mounts as April 8 Deadline Approaches and Possibility of Government Shutdown…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2011-01-01

422

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Another Positive Step for ESEA Reauthorization: Testifying Before Congress, Duncan Calls for Reauthorization in 2010, Receives…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

423

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 7, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Bill Gates Testifies Before Senate Committee: Microsoft Chairman Pushes for High School Reform, Says Every Child Should…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2007-01-01

424

The States and Public Higher Education Policy: Affordability, Access, and Accountability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The selections in this volume explore the debates surrounding issues of affordability, access, and accountability in higher education. The contributors identify these issues as the three key policy issues facing public higher education in the opening years of the new century. Following an introduction, "The Changing Dynamics of Affordability,…

Heller, Donald E., Ed.

425

Postsecondary Remediation Policy: Analysis and Recommendations for Ohio's System of Public Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflecting national trends, a quarter of college freshmen in Ohio's public colleges and universities enroll in remedial coursework. Possible causes of underpreparedness are discussed. Policy recommendations focus on aligning high school and college requirements, developing a comprehensive K-16 continuum of assessment and intervention, K-12 school…

Herzberg, Marcus; Nagata, Noriko; Long, Joyce; Bollman, Art

2003-01-01

426

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) House Appropriations Subcommittee Sharpens Budget Knife: Subcommittee's Bill Would Cut Education Programs by $1.1 Billion; (2)…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2012

2012-01-01

427

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 6, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Year of Math and Science?: Flurry of Congressional Hearings on Economic Competitiveness Focus on High Schools and Math and…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2006-01-01

428

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 15  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Getting Down to Business: Obama Hosts Education Roundtable with Nation's Business Leaders; (2) "Diplomas Mean Dollars": High…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2011-01-01

429

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Educating Our Children": "Forbes" Taps Leaders in Business, Government, and Education for New Ideas on Education Reform; and…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

430

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 9, Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) House Begins Work on FY 2010 Appropriations: Subcommittee Shoots Down Obama Proposal to Shift Title I Funds to School…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2009

2009-01-01

431

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Setting the Stage for New High Schools": Alliance, National League of Cities Cohost Capitol Hill Briefing on Alternative High…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

432

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 4, Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) House Committee Approves $100 Million for Striving Readers: Smaller Learning Communities Cut by $72 Million; (2) "State…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2004

2004-01-01

433

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Halfway Point: Obama Administration Approves Seven More States for NCLB Waivers Bringing Total to Twenty-Six; Iowa First State…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

434

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 7, Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "In Need of Improvement:" New Alliance Brief Finds Flaws in NCLB's Design and Implementation for the Nation's High Schools; (2)…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2007-01-01

435

A Comparative Assessment of Public Opinion toward Immigrants and Immigration Policies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied public attitudes toward immigration in seven countries (Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, Japan, and the United States) for 1970 through 1995 as part of a larger, ongoing study. Countries with major differences in statutes, policies, and practices related to immigration nevertheless share many attitudes and beliefs about…

Simon, Rita J.; Lynch, James P.

1999-01-01

436

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 7, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Democrats Consider Leftover Spending Bills: Coalition of Health and Education Advocates Pushes for $2 Billion in Additional…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2007-01-01

437

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 22  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Measuring What Matters": Report Evaluates States' Progress on Developing High-Quality Data Systems; (2) Mission Not Yet…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

438

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) House and Senate Pass Budget Blueprints: Plans Would Increase Spending by More than $20 Billion Over the President's Budget;…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

439

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Culture Shift": Preparing Students for Today's Demands Requires Shift to Learner-Centered Instruction Powered by Digital…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2012

2012-01-01

440

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Obama Administration Releases ESEA [Elementary and Secondary Education Act] Blueprint: Proposal to Overhaul NCLB [No Child Left…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

441

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 21  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Yes He Will?: Campaign Details Suggest That Obama Presidency Will Make Education Reform a High Priority; (2) A New Way Forward…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

442

Teaching As Moral Activity: How Public Policy Influences Urban Educational Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that market strategies and competition as pathways to higher urban student achievement threaten the moral purposes of education, and if policymakers continue this emphasis, schooling as fundamental to the common good and democracy may suffer. The paper discusses teaching as a moral imperative and a professional activity; public policy

Ridenour, Carolyn S.; Lasley, Thomas J., II

2002-01-01

443

National Innovation and the Academic Research Enterprise: Public Policy in Global Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume analyzes the impact of public policy on the knowledge economies and higher education systems of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, including Australia, Canada, Japan, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as the overall European Union. Given that…

Dill, David D., Ed.; van Vught, Frans A., Ed.

2010-01-01

444

Cops and CamerasPublic School Security as a Policy Response to Columbine  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the shootings at Columbine High School, many public schools increased their visible security measures, such as use of security cameras and guards. This study assesses this policy response. Particular attention is given to the fear that prompted changes in school security, the types of visible security measures adopted by schools after Columbine, and the positive and negative consequences of

Lynn A. Addington

2009-01-01

445

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 5, Number 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) House Committee Approves Education Funding Bill: Striving Readers Program Would Receive $5 Million Increase; (2) Role of…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2005-01-01

446

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Congress Delays Action on Budget Resolution: Will Take It Up in June, but Expects to Postpone Final Spending Decisions Until…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

447

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 4, Number 16  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Senate Committee Provides $3.2 Billion Increase for Education Programs: Final Budget Not Expected Until After Election; (2)…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2004-01-01

448

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Appropriations Process Underway...Sort Of: Senate Appropriations Committee Passes Education Funding Bill While House…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

449

Policy implications of public health workforce development for disaster preparedness in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health efforts were initiated in the United States with legislative actions for enhancing food safety and ensuring pure drinking water. Some additional policy initiatives during the early 20th century helped organize and coordinate relief efforts for victims of natural disasters. By 1950's the federal government expanded its role for providing better health and safety to the communities, and its

Prasad Venkata Vara Puvvala

2010-01-01

450

Impact of Public Lands Policies on the Livestock Industry and Adjacent Communities, Big Horn County, Wyoming.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Public lands and the policies by which they are administered have greatly influenced the development of the current economy and life style in Big Horn County. The federal government controls 1,607,894 acres or 79.57% of the total land area in Big Horn Cou...

E. P. Lewis D. T. Taylor

1977-01-01

451

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Nation's Report Card": Reading Scores Flat for Fourth Graders; Eighth Graders Improve by One Point; (2) Moving on Up: Delaware…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

452

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Waiving Away High School Graduation Rate Accountability?: State NCLB Waiver Proposals Threaten to Weaken Accountability for…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

453

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Inclusion of "Deeper Learning" Competencies Varies in State Waiver Applications, New Alliance Report Finds: Report Argues That…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

454

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 5, Number 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) How's the Water?: Congressional Hearing on High School Reform Recognizes the Crisis, but Urges Caution Before Headfirst Plunge…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2005

2005-01-01

455

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) ESEA [Elementary and Secondary Education Act] Reauthorization Shifts to Middle and High Schools: Senate HELP [Health,…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

456

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 9, Number 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Standards Movement Gaining Steam": Duncan Announces Plan to Commit Up to $350 Million for Assessments Linked to Common…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2009

2009-01-01

457

Texas College Students' Opinions of No-Smoking Policies, Secondhand Smoke, and Smoking in Public Places  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined college student opinions of no-smoking policies, secondhand smoke, and smoking in public places. A convenience sample of 1,188 (66.4% female; 26.9% White, 64.1% Black, and 9.0% Hispanic) students attending 5 Texas colleges volunteered to complete a 60-item anonymous survey on tobacco attitudes and behaviors. Results of our…

Loukas, Alexandra; Garcia, Marcie R.; Gottlieb, Nell H.

2006-01-01

458

Collection Development Policy: Federal Government Publications at Eastern Washington University Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection development policy serves as a guide for the selection and retention of depository government documents by the Government Publications Unit of the Kennedy Memorial Library of Eastern Washington University (EWU) in Cheney, Washington. The library selects approximately 65 percent of the depository items distributed by the U.S.…

Roselle, Ann; Chan, Karen

459

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Wave Goodbye to Waivers?: Key House Republicans Challenge Duncan's Plan to Grant Waivers to NCLB Requirements; (2) "Overlooked…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2011-01-01

460

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 9, Number 19  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Stimulus Shell Game?: U.S. Department of Education's Inspector General Warns that Some States are Using Education Stimulus…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2009

2009-01-01

461

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Global Competitiveness Report: United States's Slide Continues in Annual Ranking; Falls to Number Four; (2) New Alliance Brief…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

462

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "The High Cost of Low Educational Performance": New OECD Report Finds that 25 Point Increase in PISA Scores Could Lead to $40.6…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

463

An Introduction to the Third International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the highlights of the Third International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy, which was held at the Manly Pacific Hotel in Sydney, Australia from April 21-24, 2006. This symposium built on those held in Ottawa and Vancouver in 1999 and 2001 respectively and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and…

McCowan, Colin

2006-01-01

464

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 21  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Four More Years: Obama Wins Re-election, Plans to Continue Education Reforms Through Race to the Top, NCLB Waivers; (2)…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

465

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Great Expectations": Parents Expect Children to Pursue Postsecondary Education but Don't Think Schools Provide Enough College…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

466

The Impact of Public Housing Policy on Family Social Work Theory and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social workers are the professionals most engaged with families living in low-income and subsidized housing and most familiar with the problems associated with inadequate housing. Yet the discussion of public housing policy has been left largely to economists and housing activists and the clear implications for family social work practice have not…

McCarty, Dawn

2008-01-01

467

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) A Common Understanding: Final K-12 Standards in English Language Arts and Mathematics Released on June 2; (2) "Diplomas Count":…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

468

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Waiving Goodbye to NCLB?: U.S. Education Secretary Discusses Options to Grant Relief from NCLB's Requirements In Absence of…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2011-01-01

469

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Diplomas Count": Report Finds that 1.23 Million Students Will Fail to Graduate in 2008; (2) "The High Cost of High School…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

470

Toward a New Narrative on Black Males, Education, and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Black male crisis thesis promulgated by the social science literature, public policy, and mainstream discourse, respectively. The authors contend that the stock-story that the majority of African American males are "at-risk" for engaging in self-destructive behavior or on the verge of extinction perpetuates a discourse of…

Brown, Anthony L.; Donnor, Jamel K.

2011-01-01

471

Parent Involvement Policy of the Holyoke Public Schools = Codigo de Participacion de Padres.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parent involvement efforts distinguish the Holyoke Public Schools of Holyoke, Massachusetts. No other school system in the region offers as many varied opportunities for parents to have an impact on their children's school experience. The Parent Involvement Policy was developed with the help of a 15-member task force of parents in the summer of…

Holyoke Public Schools, MA.

472

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 12, Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) You Take the High Road and I'll Take the Low Road: As Appropriations Process Begins, Different Spending Approaches Likely to…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2012-01-01

473

Legalized or Not? Poor Public Communication Causes Confusion over the New Cannabis Policy in Belgium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last three years, the newly announced drug policy, specifically cannabis, has been the subject of debate between the Government and the opposition parties within the Belgian Federal Government. Public communication by the Federal Government and the competent ministers was incomplete, untimely, inconsistent, tendentious and polemical.…

Gelders, Dave; Van Mierlo, Jan

2004-01-01

474

Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR) as a tool for empowerment and public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR) is a collaborative approach involving community and partners in all phases of the research, aims to produce empowering outcomes including increased community capacities, broader stakeholder participation in decision-making and promotes social justice. This paper discusses CBPR as an effective vehicle for empowerment, and as a tool for engaging public policy dialogue. Through exploring concepts of participation

Crystal Tremblay

475

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 7, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "The Costs and Benefits of an Excellent Education": U.S. Could Net $45 Billion Annually if One Year's Worth of High School…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2007-01-01

476

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 5, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) A State of the States Roundup: State Governors Address High School Reform and College Preparation; and (2) "Big Buildings,…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2005

2005-01-01

477

Redefining Public Policy Education through an Exploratory Digital Curriculum: Singapore's Statecraft X  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the current international context of instability and uncertainty, we were driven by the desire to utilize a digital game to cut across the complexity of public policy, so as to educate our young with the experience and deep learning to be appreciative, accountable and proactive citizens of a globalized world. Having developed a curriculum…

Shoon, Ming Hui; Chee, Yam San

2012-01-01

478

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 18  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Congress Punts Education Funding Decision to 2009: Education and Other Domestic Priorities Frozen While Defense and Homeland…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

479

The Production of the "Battered Immigrant" in Public Policy and Domestic Violence Advocacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of U.S. public policy, "battered immigrant" signifies a person who is eligible to adjust his or her status under immigration law if he or she can demonstrate they have suffered domestic violence in the United States perpetrated by a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident. Among community organizers, the term "battered immigrant"…

Bhuyan, Rupaleem

2008-01-01

480

Public Policy: For or Against Children and Families? An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison of public family policy, either as legislation or as a pervasive attitude, is offered with the intention of providing an international perspective to an issue that is becoming more significant and explosive in the United States. (Author/MP)

Weiser, Margaret G.

1982-01-01

481

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "Engineering Solutions to the National Crisis in Literacy": Alliance Brief Calls for Alignment Between Literacy Plans and…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2011-01-01

482

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 7, Number 20  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Senate Begins Debate on Education Spending Bill: White House Threatens Presidential Veto; (2) NCLB Timetable in Question:…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2007-01-01

483

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 8, Number 19  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) "A Tipping Point in Education": Report Finds Educational Attainment of Younger Generations Has Not Increased; (2) Building a…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2008-01-01

484

Reflections on the Professionalisation of Adult Educators in the Framework of Public Policies in Portugal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion in this article is based on recent research carried out by the author recently on adult education public policies and her participation in the Adult Learning Practitioners in Europe (ALPINE) project coordinated by Research voor Beleid (The Netherlands) and funded by the European Commission. The analysis presented here stresses the…

Guimaraes, Paula

2009-01-01

485

New Policy Implications for Inservice and Professional Development Programs for the Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to search for new educational policies that would help renew and invigorate old ideas and concepts about inservice and professional development programs in the public schools. The methodology included both qualitative and quantitative functions. The key technique was an interview schedule with Likert-type…

Karst, Ralph R.

486

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Waiting Game Continues for FY 2011 Appropriations: Short-Term Spending Measure Averts Government Shutdown, Postpones Decisions…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2011-01-01

487

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Obama Releases FY 2011 Budget: Obama's 7.5 Percent Increase for Education Programs Signals Commitment to Reauthorize ESEA; (2)…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

488

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 5, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Senate Approves $5.4 Billion Increase for Education Budget: Large Differences in House and Senate Budget Resolution Versions…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2005-01-01

489

Identifying the Needs of Drug-Affected Children: Public Policy Issues. OSAP Prevention Monograph-11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph explores the research findings and experiential knowledge base on toddlers and preschool-age children who were prenatally exposed to alcohol and other drugs. It is designed to influence public policy relating to the needs and early intervention plans for this population, from the medical, child welfare, psychosocial, developmental,…

Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Office for Substance Abuse Prevention.

490

Nuclear energy: The accuracy of policy makers' perceptions of public beliefs.  

PubMed

hysical risks. The policy makers' own attitudes were found to be significantly more favorable than those of the total public sample; this was primarily because the policy makers' beliefs about psychological risks made a significantly smaller negative contribution to attitude, and their beliefs about environmental risks made a significantly larger positive contribution. Tkhe policy makers were able to shift their own (personal) responses in the directions indicated by their role-play assignments to reproduce accurately the overall attitudes of the PRO and CON groups on this controversial topic, although there was a tendency to overestimate the positive attitudes of the PRO nuclear public. In terms of the underlying belief dimensions, however, there was a significant faiure to recognize the extent to which issues of psycholo;gical significance contribute negatively to the attitudes of both PRO and CON public groups. The policy makers underestimated the negative value both groups assigned to these risks as well as the extent to which the public believed that nuclear energy would lead to such risks. PMID:7447886

Thomas, K; Swaton, E; Fishbein, M; Otway, H J

1980-09-01

491

Financing Child Care. A Public Policy Report from the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. Winter 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This public policy report focuses on financing child care in the United States. The report contains brief articles on the following topics: (1) child care wages in comparison to other positions; (2) benefits to businesses when employees have high-quality child care; (3) resources for funding early education systems; (4) comparison of the cost of…

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Kansas City, MO.

492

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Obama Sets Timeline for NCLB Revamp: President Calls on Congress to Send Him an Education Reform Bill "Before the Next School…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2011-01-01

493

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 10, Number 14  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Economic Boost: New Alliance Report Examines Economic Impact of Reducing the High School Dropout Rate Among Students of Color;…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2010

2010-01-01

494

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 9, Number 21  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Time to "Learn": Comprehensive Literacy Bill Introduced in Congress; (2) "Teaching for a New World": New Alliance Brief Offers…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2009

2009-01-01

495

Annual Research Review: Resilience and Child Well-Being--Public Policy Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: There has been an 8-fold increase in use of the term resilience within scientific and scholar literature over the last twenty years. The arena of public policy has also seen increasing use made of the concept, both with respect to child well-being and development and wider issues. Method: A focal sample of literature comprising 108…

Ager, Alastair

2013-01-01

496

Research Overview: Implications for Public Policy. Higher Education in TAFE. Monograph Series 01/2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project funded through the National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation program investigated higher education programs--mostly bachelor's and associate degrees--offered by technical and further education (TAFE) institutes. This overview highlights some of the implications for public policy identified through this project.…

Moodie, Gavin; Wheelahan, Leesa; Billett, Stephen; Kelly, Ann

2009-01-01

497

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 7, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) NCLB Turns Five: Key Players in Reauthorization Process Celebrate Fifth Anniversary of Landmark Education Law, Begin…

Amos, Jason, Ed.

2007-01-01

498

Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress. Volume 11, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Straight A's: Public Education Policy and Progress" is a biweekly newsletter that focuses on education news and events both in Washington, DC and around the country. The following articles are included in this issue: (1) Stat