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1

From "Import" to "Import-Export" Oriented Internationalization: The Impact of National Policy on Scholarly Publication in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the evolution of national research policy in China over the past three decades and its recent shift in emphasis from "import" to "import-export" oriented internationalization. Based on a policy review and interviews with three groups of academics--six journal editors in the humanities and social sciences,…

Feng, Haiying; Beckett, Gulbahar H.; Huang, Dawang

2013-01-01

2

A life cycle model of public policy issues in health care: the importance of strategic issues management.  

PubMed

Public policy affects health and social services organizations. Senior management has a responsibility to prevent inappropriate demands of stakeholders from predominating and to influence the outcome of public policy to the benefit of their organization through the strategic issues management process. This article presents a public policy issue life cycle model, life-cycle stages and suggested strategies, paths issues can take in the life cycle, and factors that affect issue paths. An understanding of these dynamics can aid senior managers in shaping and changing public policy issues and lessening external environment threats to their organization. PMID:11263098

Rakich, J S; Feit, M D

2001-01-01

3

Religious Freedom and Public Schools: An Analysis of Important Policy Areas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The legal debate over religious freedom in public schools involves the aspects of control of education, definition of religion, and religious expression. Cites conflicting judicial decisions and states the issues the Supreme Court must resolve. (MLF)

Mawdsley, Ralph D.; Mawdsley, Alice L.

1988-01-01

4

Effect on Public Policy from Macro to Nano Aspects of the Deadliest Illness of Mankind: Important Role of Physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect on public policy of macro to nano aspects of the deadliest Illness known to mankind is given. The focus is on the important role of physics which has been ignored so far to solve its problems. It is now acknowledged that the deadliest illness is actually a group of illnesses which are lumped together as mental illnesses. They are the most widespread and damaging illnesses in the world. Their impact on the entire society globally is huge because they afflict majority of the people irrespective of race, religion, sex, age, education and economic status. In USA alone, the number afflicted according to the official count is about 80 million (out of a total population of 315 million), and it is projected to increase to about 25 to 30% of the population within two decades. A model is given in this paper to address some of the key issues from macro to nano aspects of the deadliest illness. The information given in this paper is scientific though easy to understand. It will help the elected policy makers, public, physicists, neuroscientists, doctors, and care giving personnel world wide. The model explains the missing links in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses. Additional evidence from other recent studies shall also be given.

Saxena, Arjun

2013-04-01

5

Public Policy Agenda, 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2007 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. The document is intended to serve as a point of reference for federal and state policymakers, the association's members, and other interested organizations and…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2007

2007-01-01

6

Public Policy Agenda, 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2010 Public Policy Agenda summarizes the American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) principles and priorities in key areas of higher education policy. This paper is intended to serve as a point of reference for the association's members and other interested organizations, as well as federal and state policymakers.…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2010

2010-01-01

7

New England Public Policy Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in January 2005, the New England Public Policy Center at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston provides high-quality analysis of important policy and economic issues that affect the entire New England region. The materials on their site are contained within five primary sections, which include "Publications", "Conferences & Events", and "Data & Resources". On their homepage, the "What's New" section provides information about recent publications and calls for visiting scholar applications. In the "Publications" area, visitors can browse around by topic, author, and series. Additionally, the "Data & Resources" area provides access to the monthly publication "New England Economic Indicators" and interactive data sets contained in the form of tables and charts. This same section also contains links to resources within the Boston Federal Reserve, such as community development indicators.

8

Case Studies on Women and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public policy schools adopted the method of case teaching pioneered at the Harvard Business School. Public policy teaching cases serve two important pedagogical purposes for the feminist teacher. First, they offer real stories of the women's movement or gender issues in a women's studies field increasingly dominated by feminist theory. Second, cases examine policy issues from women's perspectives. Using

Sally J. Kenney

9

Public Policy Agenda, 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Association of State Colleges and Universities' (AASCU's) public policy agenda, rooted in an uncompromising commitment to opportunity for the nation's students, is expressed through the following core principles: (1) Higher education is a common good that provides significant benefits to individuals and society as a whole; (2) America's…

American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 2011

2011-01-01

10

Rhetorically Representing Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay offers a critical reading of National Geographic's 2002 documentary The Search for the Afghan Girl as a means to suggest how, and in what ways, communication scholars can retheorize the relationship between media representations and policy. Reading critically National Geographic's strategic redeployment of the Afghan Girl, I argue that the text functions rhetorically to refigure the public understanding

Rae Lynn Schwartz-DuPre

2007-01-01

11

PUBLIC OPINION ON FOREIGN POLICY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Americans have a strong preference for multilateral for- eign policies over unilateral foreign policies. But do Americans know their own preferences? Data from a national survey show wide misper- ceptions of public opinion on foreign policy. While Americans strongly prefer multilateral policies, they overestimate public support for unilat- eral policies. For example, while only 23 percent of respondents agreed that

ALEXANDER TODOROV; ANESU N. MANDISODZA

12

Human exposure monitoring and evaluation in the Arctic: the importance of understanding exposures to the development of public health policy.  

PubMed Central

Arctic indigenous peoples face significant challenges resulting from the contamination of Arctic air, water, and soil by persistent organic pollutants, heavy metals, and radionuclides. International cooperative efforts among governments and research institutions are under way to collect the information needed by environmental health scientists and public health officials to address environmental contamination in the Arctic. However, the climatic, political, and cultural conditions of the land and its native populations combine to present a unique set of scientific and logistic challenges to addressing this important public health issue. Public health officials have the responsibility to respect the cultural traditions of indigenous communities, while simultaneously designing strategies that will reduce their exposure to environmental contaminants and rates of disease and dysfunction. Researchers can better understand the link between environmental exposures and disease through monitoring programs for both the subsistence diets and health status of the indigenous populations. We suggest that the incorporation of community-based participatory research methods into programs designed to assess biomarkers of contaminant exposure in children and adults may be a valuable addition to ongoing and newly developed research programs. This approach could serve as a model for international environmental health initiatives, because it involves the participation of the local communities and seeks to builds trust between all stakeholders. PMID:14757538

Suk, William A; Avakian, Maureen D; Carpenter, David; Groopman, John D; Scammell, Madeleine; Wild, Christopher P

2004-01-01

13

Policy implications of drug importation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Importation of prescription drugs into the United States has been a major health policy issue for some time. The original objective of personal importation was to allow patients to have access to drugs that were not available to them in the United States either for continuation of therapy begun in another country or when all US Food and Drug

Francis B. Palumbo; C. Daniel Mullins; Ashley F. Slagle; Jessica Rizer

2007-01-01

14

Building healthy public policy.  

PubMed

Policies in literacy and health need to address two perspectives: how basic literacy skills influence the health of populations and individuals; and health literacy--the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. There are three potential areas for action to improve literacy and health literacy: the health system, the education system, and within the broader sphere of culture and society. Despite some increasing attention in the last 20 years, low literacy levels remain a major problem in Canada. Policies need to be sensitive to culture, especially among Aboriginal peoples, Francophones and new Canadians. Public policies are needed to: Improve literacy outcomes (for example, support for a pan-Canadian literacy strategy, early childhood education and family literacy programs, and efforts to reduce high school drop out). Improve health literacy (for example, support integrated policy and program development across sectors, integrated research and knowledge translation initiatives, and efforts to build links between literacy and health networks). Reduce disparities by strengthening levels of literacy and health literacy among vulnerable groups. PMID:16805160

Chiarelli, Lynn; Edwards, Peggy

2006-01-01

15

Public Policy RegionalPlanning  

E-print Network

. Write for campus publications focused on national and internationalaffairs. Develop skills in computers in statistics, computer science, environmental protection, or public policy. Develop a network of personalRaising BUSINESS Sales HumanResources Management Advertising Public Relations

New Hampshire, University of

16

Policy Name: Publications Policy Originating/Responsible  

E-print Network

and University Graphic Services Approval Authority: Senior Management Committee Date of Original Policy: November and Visual Standards Guide. This includes print as well as online publications. The Department of University Communications and University Graphic Services will assist departments upon request to ensure that publications

Carleton University

17

GRADUATE SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY  

E-print Network

GRADUATE SCHOOL OF PUBLIC POLICY To: Trever Crowe, Associate Dean College of Graduate Studies: September 20, 2010 On May 10, 2010, representatives from the Johnson-Shovama Graduate School met, JSGS IJNIVERSITY OF The lohnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, University 9 with campuses

Saskatchewan, University of

18

Family Economic Issues & Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging from two graduate seminars designed to increase the involvement of home economists in public policy, this publication includes course outlines, models, and papers on selected issues concerning family-related government policy. The structure and requirements of the two seminars, held in 1978 at the University of Kentucky, are described. A…

Kimsey, Peggy Poling; Paynter, Mary Ann

19

Morrison Institute for Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Morrison Institute was created in 1982 at Arizona State University with a grant provided by Marvin and June Morrison of Arizona. The Institute "bridges the gap between academic scholarship and public policy through services to public and private sector clients and independent research." Today, the Institute's work includes research on water resources, health care, human services, urban growth, and economic development. On the homepage, visitors will find the very helpful Recent Reports & Publications area, full of compelling new works such as "Digital Learning: How to Enhance the Learning of Any Child at Any Time, and in Any Place" and "Dropped? Latino Education and Arizona's Economic Future." Moving on, the Important Links area contains easy access to video and multimedia archives, along with blogs and information about upcoming seminars and presentations. Policy makers will want to make a beeline for the State Of Our State section. Here they can learn about the annual conference that provides stakeholders with information about the overall health of the state, with sections on the state's deficit problems and other germane matters.

20

Health education and public policy.  

PubMed

The UK's Minister for Health has again raised the debate about the role of health educators, and in particular that of the Health Education Council, in what is termed public policy work. 1 possible definition of public policy work as regards health education is that aspect that seeks to establish certain health promoting principles as part of the conscious factors always to be considered by individuals, by opinion leaders, by manufacturers, by employers and trade unions, by service providers, by local authorities, and by central government in their plans and decisions. The Health Education Council (HEC) has no power to make or impose public policy; the Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS) has that task. The world of health education providers includes the Health Education Officers working for the Health Authorities and with the Education Authorities, an increasing number of important academic workers in the field, the HEC, the Scottish Health Education Group (SHEG), the DHSS, and some of the members of various professions who provide health education to the public as part of their daily work. Most of the HEC's work consists of providing these people with health educational tools. If the HEC begins to do more in the public policy field, it will not be at the cost of providing health educational tools. At the HEC a staff of 4 liaison workers is responsible for keeping field workers informed about future and imminent HEC work programs. They also assess needs and ideas by holding periodic meetings with Health Education Officers and others in various parts of the country. HEC's efforts have contributed substantially to increasing attention to preventive health measures on the part of the DHSS, parliamentary committees, the Royal Colleges, other professional bodies, and the media. In regard to the future, several paths deserve exploration as part of the HEC's education of decision-makers and opinion-formers. These include: local authorities, relevant professions of the National Health Service, the press and media, business and trade unions, voluntary organizations, and parliament. PMID:3783557

Service, A

1986-01-01

21

Psychology, Behavioral Economics, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economics has typically been the social science of choice to inform public policy and policymakers. In the current paper we\\u000a contemplate the role behavioral science can play in enlightening policymakers. In particular, we provide some examples of\\u000a research that has and can be used to inform policy, reflect on the kind of behavioral science that is important for policy,\\u000a and

On Amir; Dan Ariely; Alan Cooke; David Dunning; Nicholas Epley; Uri Gneezy; Botond Koszegi; Donald Lichtenstein; Nina Mazar; Sendhil Mullainathan; Drazen Prelec; Eldar Shafir; Jose Silva

2005-01-01

22

Behavior analysis and public policy  

PubMed Central

The Task Force on Public Policy was created to examine ways for behavior analysts to be more functional citizen scientists in the policymaking arena. This report informs readers about the contexts and processes of policymaking; and it outlines issues regarding the roles of behavior analysts in crating policy-relevant conceptual analyses, generating research data, and communicating policy-relevant information. We also discuss a possible role for the professional association in enhancing analysis, research, and advocacy on policies relevant to the public interest. PMID:22477991

Fawcett, Stephen B.; Bernstein, Gail S.; Czyzewski, Mare J.; Greene, Brandon F.; Hannah, Gerald T.; Iwata, Brian A.; Jason, Leonard A.; Mathews, R. Mark; Morris, Edward K.; Otis-Wilborn, Amy; Seekins, Tom; Winett, Richard A.

1988-01-01

23

Science, Scientists, and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The politically relevant behavior of scientists in the formulation of public policy by the United States government from 1945-68 is studied. The following types of policy issues are treated: science, space, weather, weapons, deterrence and defense, health, fiscal and monetary, pollution, conservation, antitrust, transportation safety, trade and…

Schooler, Dean, Jr.

24

Master in Public Policy Master in Public Administration  

E-print Network

and Globalisation, the Institute of Policy Studies, and the Institute of Water Policy. Through these centresMaster in Public Policy Master in Public Administration Master in Public Management Master in Public Administration and Management PhD in Public Policy Graduate ProGrammes #12;reasons why

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

25

Good Chemical Measurements, Good Public Policies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At every turn now, one encounters sharply debated issues and important public policies that rest on chemical information. This is true in practically any arena where public interest intersects with the material world: health care practice and public health; energy; quality of air, water, and food; manufacturing standards and product liability; criminal justice; national and international security, including the defense against terrorism. The scale can be truly global, as in the case of the current debate over climate change, which extends into international efforts to regulate gaseous emissions. Sometimes the relevant chemical measurements and applicable theory are sound and their scope is appropriate to the policy; often they are inadequate and a policy or debate overreaches the analytical capability needed to support it. In the decades ahead, the issues with us today will become even more pressing and will drive a still greater reliance on analytical chemistry. This presentation will have four parts covering (a) illustrations of the impact of analytical chemistry on public debate and public policy, including instances where analytical capabilities actually gave rise to new issues and policies, (b) the manner in which chemical information is handled and understood in public debates, (c) areas of analytical chemistry that will be critical to sound public policy in the future, and (d) implications for the education of leaders and general citizens of modern societies.

Faulkner, Larry R.

2005-02-01

26

Campus Publicity Policies and Procedures  

E-print Network

indicators of the vitality of campus life here at Northwestern. There is much to see and do. Effective are encouraged to publicize and promote their activities to the University community and to exercise good with aesthetics, effectiveness and efficiency with cost. Questions about publicity policies should be addressed

27

Public opinion on alcohol policies.  

PubMed

In recent years leading authorities and organizations have been recommending policies to combat alcohol abuse. These policies range from restrictions on availability to curbs on drinking and driving. However, the policies have not been presented in any priority order, nor is it clear how acceptable they will be to the general public. This report sets out public opinion on 21 key policies and looks at recent changes in public support in this area. It shows that there are a wide range of policies on alcohol which are well supported by the general public. It seems that the vast majority of both drinkers and non-drinkers would like to see more detailed labelling on alcoholic drinks, further action in the area of drinking and driving, the promotion of alternatives to alcohol in pubs, a levy on alcohol advertising, bans on the sale of alcohol at a variety of sports meetings, more alcohol education in schools and stricter enforcement of the laws on under-age drinking. In addition, the survey reveals greater public support for restrictions on the promotion of alcohol and the introduction of random breath testing, than had been found one year previously. It is suggested that these findings could be used for setting an agenda on the implementation of policies to reduce alcohol abuse. PMID:2310845

Pendleton, L L; Smith, C; Roberts, J L

1990-01-01

28

September 2011 UCL Public Policy Strategy  

E-print Network

research which can inform policy- making - establish UCL as a hub for dialogue and debate on public policyOVPR September 2011 UCL Public Policy Strategy 1. Introduction 1.1 At UCL, we support a rare informs public policymaking. Our public policy strategy has been developed in recognition

Saunders, Mark

29

Essays on Public Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many public school choice programs use centralized mechanisms to match students with schools in absence of market-clearing prices. Among them, the Boston mechanism is one of the most widely used. It is well-known that truth-telling may not be optimal under the Boston mechanism, which raises the concern that the mechanism may create a disadvantage…

He, Yinghua

2011-01-01

30

Supporting the diffusion of healthy public policy in Canada: the Prevention Policies Directory  

PubMed Central

Healthy public policy plays an essential role in a comprehensive public health approach to preventing cancer and chronic disease. Public policies spread through the ‘policy diffusion’ process, enabling governments to learn from another’s enacted policy solutions. The Prevention Policies Directory (the Directory), an online database of municipal, provincial/territorial, and federal cancer and chronic disease prevention policies from across Canada, was developed to facilitate the diffusion of healthy public policies and support the work of prevention researchers, practitioners, and policy specialists. This information technology solution was implemented, through a participatory engagement approach, as a communication channel or policy knowledge transfer tool. It also addressed the intrinsic shortcomings of environmental scanning for policy surveillance and monitoring. A combination of quantitative web metrics and qualitative anecdotal evidence have illustrated that the Directory is becoming an important tool for healthy public policy surveillance and policy diffusion in Canada. PMID:25379125

Politis, Christopher E.; Halligan, Michelle H.; Keen, Deb; Kerner, Jon F.

2014-01-01

31

School of Public Policy and Administration PADM 6106: Public Policy Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economics and political science each claim to provide important tools for analysing public policy. This course is designed to explore the insights each discipline has to offer, their respective limitations, and the potential complementarities. We begin by examining each discipline's claims and explore some critical debates internal to each discipline, as these bear on policy analysis. In the first few

Rianne Mahon

32

Public Policy Institute of California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the early 1990s, a group of concerned Californians (including William R. Hewlett) decided that there should be a policy research institution dedicated to providing both wise counsel and expertise on the issues and events that were of great concern to the residents of the state. With a sizable gift of $70 million, the Public Policy Institute of California was formally created in 1994, and since that time they have continued their research with great vigor, along with disseminating their findings to the broader public. Visitors to the Institute's homepage can look over their reports listed by topic area, such as demography, education, or political participation. Scholars and policy analysts will appreciate the "Data Depot" area which includes information on the natural resource budget over the past three decades and information on the federal transit grants provided to different parts of the state.

33

EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES PUBLIC POLICY MPPProgram Purpose  

E-print Network

makers, policy analysts, and the public. b. Achieve excellence in making oral presentations to differentEXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES PUBLIC POLICY MPPProgram Purpose: 1. INTELLECTUALLY APPLY THE POLICY-FOCUSED ANALYSIS IN A REAL-WORLD, PROFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT. THEY WILL BE ABLE TO: The Master of Public Policy (MPP

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

34

HUBERT H. HUMPHREY SOCIAL POLICY & POLICY ANALYSIS SCHOOL OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS AREA CHAIR: JOE SOSS  

E-print Network

Concentration Information Public policy is gendered. That means that men and women are affected differently, and that public policies are an important component in the ongoing construction of gender differences, and a site School are particularly strong on the issues of gender and social policy, feminist organizations

Levinson, David M.

35

Public Policy@Southampton Policy Commissions Application Form April 2013  

E-print Network

Public Policy@Southampton Policy Commissions Application Form April 2013 Section A Principal-Investigators if necessary) Section B 1. What is the specific issue, research problem or policy area your Policy Commission associated with this specific issue, research problem or policy area. (Max 500 words) 3. Who will be your non

Anderson, Jim

36

Teaching Public Policy in the Earth Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sound science also needs to translate into public policy. Earth science and public policy should be integrated, not only in the government but also in our classrooms. This website will provide ideas and resources for educators to add elements of public policy to existing geoscience courses, to create new learning materials that relate earth science and policy, or to see how policy issues can be taught across the geoscience curriculum.

37

Revised Spring 2008 NIH Public Access Policy  

E-print Network

Revised Spring 2008 NIH Public Access Policy Notice Number: NOT-OD-08-033 - (See Notice NOT-OD-08-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008), the NIH voluntary Public Access Policy (NOT-OD-05-022) is now mandatory shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law. Specifics 1. The NIH

38

Chapter VIII Balancing the Public Policy  

E-print Network

164 Chapter VIII Balancing the Public Policy Drivers in the Tension between Privacy and Security and implement public policies that safeguard individual rights, the economy, critical infrastructures this quandary while recognizing how privacy and security sometimes harmonize. IntroductIon Public policy drives

Bagby, John

39

Demand for masters of public policy in public service  

Microsoft Academic Search

This piece was written to assist those who lead schools of public policy and administration in evaluating their pedagogies and examining their curricula. The perspectives contained in this piece reflect those of the author, who has spent the last 35 years practicing and leading public policy research and analysis in the Congressional Research Service (CRS)-the public policy agency created by

Angela M. Evans

2008-01-01

40

Public policy--power--professionalism.  

PubMed

This paper is based on two academic papers written for a Bachelor of Nursing program. The first part of the paper consists of an analysis of public policy in the area of Maternity Services in Australia, and more particularly, in Victoria. The analysis follows the work of Richard Simeon, a Canadian public policy analyst, who has drawn strands of both economic and social analysis together. His work asserts that socio economic factors lead to an environment in which power is held by particular groups in society. These powerful groups then have a greater input into the development of values and ideology for that society, that then effect institutions involved in the policy making process. Analysis shows that the re-emergence of Midwifery and the imminent changes in Maternity Services have occurred due to the increasing power of women in society at a time when economic constraints have forced governments to look at ways of rationalising health care. The second part of the paper identifies the traditional characteristics of profession and critically appraises these from a feminist perspective. Discussion includes the concepts of medical dominance, power, the power of caring and existential advocacy. An argument is presented that profession as traditionally portrayed is not necessary for midwives, will not solve the problem of medical dominance, will alienate consumers and will ultimately lead to disunity. Such disunity would cause fragmentation of the powerbase that has led to changes thus far. PMID:2275635

Pettingill, L

1990-12-01

41

Public Health Policy Spring Quarter 2013  

E-print Network

PH 449 Public Health Policy Spring Quarter 2013 Wednesdays 6-9pm Lurie Searle Seminar Room Margie development and analysis have an impact on the public's health. The course is designed to provide students with skills for collecting, analyzing and communicating information on public health policy issues using

Contractor, Anis

42

Automobile crisis and public policy  

SciTech Connect

As the American automobile industry's problems deepened in 1980 to include layoffs of 300,000 auto workers and billion-dollar losses in domestic operations, and just as Ford began producing front-wheel drive cars to compete with Japanese imports, Harvard Business Review interviewed Philip Caldwell, chairman of the Ford Motor Company. Mr. Caldwell describes the predicament of the automobile industry and relates it to the state of the economy. He proposes interim protection for the industry, resolution of the chaos characterizing business-government relations, and adoption of a national industrial policy.

Not Available

1981-01-01

43

Marriage, Poverty, and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

According to recent census statistics, the poverty level for families headed by single moms is 33%, while the poverty level for two parent families with children is only 6%. For this reason, many people feel the solution to poverty reduction is merely to marry off single moms. However, according to the report "Marriage, Poverty, and Public Policy," the solution to lessening this percentage gap is not one-dimensional. Written by Stephanie Coontz, Professor of History and Family Studies at Evergreen State College, and Nancy Folbre, Professor of Economics at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, the report finds that "lack of marriage is sometimes a symptom rather than a root cause of poverty, and that encouraging people to marry without giving them long term support systems may actually do more harm than good." Prepared for the fifth annual conference of the Council on Contemporary Families (which will be held at Fordham University in New York from April 26-28), the report offers several governmental solutions ranging from the elimination of disincentives or penalties for marriage, to investigating ways to help couples form and sustain relationships. The authors make clear that such policies, however, should not be confused with antipoverty programs, and should not be a cause to divert money from welfare programs.

Coontz, Stephanie.; Folbre, Nancy.

2002-01-01

44

Policy Analysis: Surveys, Polls and Public Policy WWS 593e  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a half semester seminar aimed at improving students' abilities to understand and critically evaluate surveys and public opinion polls, particularly those related to public policy. The course begins with an overview of contrasting perspectives on the role of public opinion in democratic government. From here we look at the evolution of public opinion polling in the U.S. and

Edward P. Freeland

2008-01-01

45

16 CFR 1009.3 - Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers.  

... 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign...COMMISSION GENERAL GENERAL STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1009.3 Policy on imported products, importers, and...

2014-01-01

46

16 CFR 1009.3 - Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign...COMMISSION GENERAL GENERAL STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1009.3 Policy on imported products, importers, and...

2011-01-01

47

16 CFR 1009.3 - Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign...COMMISSION GENERAL GENERAL STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1009.3 Policy on imported products, importers, and...

2013-01-01

48

16 CFR 1009.3 - Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign...COMMISSION GENERAL GENERAL STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION § 1009.3 Policy on imported products, importers, and...

2012-01-01

49

[Policy counselling through public health reporting?].  

PubMed

For about 20 years public health reporting has increasingly been developed as a resource in health policy counselling. Both with regard to its use as well as its further development it is important to reflect on the possibilities and limits of this resource. A basis for this is provided by theories, models and hypotheses derived from the discussion about scientific policy counselling. In early conceptual reflections on the organisation of health reporting a technocratic use was rejected. This is reflected by the ideas and views about the institutional embedding of health reporting activities. Against the background of diverging opinions about the political dimensions of health reporting activities, reflections were guided by the decisionistic and pragmatic model of the "scientification of politics". Public health reporting must provide the possibility for being used in a flexible way in order to add a pragmatistic component to its decisionistic and strategic uses. For action-oriented, pragmatistic and scientific policy counselling through the health reporting discipline it is important to link "information about politically relevant facts" with the "targeted processing of knowledge geared towards problems in the field of decision-making processes" (expertise). PMID:18040959

Brand, H; Michelsen, K

2007-10-01

50

Public Interest Disclosure Policy (Whistleblowing Policy)  

E-print Network

and we expect all staff to maintain high standards. However all organisations face the risk of things of the six types of malpractice has taken place; Be made in good faith. 2 Policy 2.1 Principles All is aware of who is handling the matter The University will ensure that no one will be at risk of suffering

Doran, Simon J.

51

Graduate School of Business & Public Policy  

E-print Network

, School of International Graduate Studies The Naval Postgraduate School is an academic institution whoseGraduate School of Business & Public Policy Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, California, USA www School of Business and Public Policy Philip Durkee Dean, Graduate School of Engineering and Applied

52

Measuring public opinion on alcohol policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public opinion has been one factor affecting change in policies designed to reduce underage alcohol use. Extant research, however, has been criticized for using single survey items of unknown reliability to define adult attitudes on alcohol policy issues. The present investigation addresses a critical gap in the literature by deriving scales on public attitudes, knowledge, and concerns pertinent to alcohol

William W Latimer; Eileen M Harwood; Michael D Newcomb; Alexander C Wagenaar

2003-01-01

53

EMERGY ANALYSIS PERSPECTIVES, PUBLIC POLICY OPTIONS, AND  

E-print Network

EMERGY ANALYSIS PERSPECTIVES, PUBLIC POLICY OPTIONS, AND DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE COASTAL: EmergyAnalysis and Public Policy Options By Mark T. Brown Pamela Green, Agustin Gonzalez, and Javier Road Gainesville, Florida Tel (904) 392-2424 Fax (904) 392-3624 #12;EMERGY ANALYSIS PERSPECTIVES

Slatton, Clint

54

Good Public Policy Making: How Australia Fares  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to identify the key elements of good public policy and to assess how well Australia's record stands against the identified criteria. This exercise is not intended as detached analysis. It is a product of the author's own 'reflective practice' as an independent public policy consultant over eight years. In particular, it draws on his

Richard Curtain

55

Knowledge map of publications in research policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research policy as a leading journal among others in the fields of social science, plays as an important platform for policy researchers to have their research results published, documented and shared internationally. This study uses research policy as a window or an indicator to understand overview of global sci-tech and innovation policy\\/management researches, as well as unveil how papers in

Hsin-Ning Su; Pei-Chun Lee

2009-01-01

56

Publicizing UH Equal Opportunity Policies Equal Employment Opportunity and Affirmative Action Office  

E-print Network

Publicizing UH Equal Opportunity Policies Equal Employment Opportunity and Affirmative Action Opportunity/Affirmative Action Institution Publicizing the University's equal opportunity and disability access policies is an important affirmative action responsibility. For more information, or to tailor

57

Connecting Career Development and Public Policy with Counselling Process Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of effective public policy regarding career counseling requires a close connection with counseling process issues. This paper focuses on three aspects of the counseling process which have major implications for policy: (1) problem definition; (2) the dignity of the person; and (3) the importance of imagination, creativity, and…

Amundson, Norman E.

58

Public Policy and Community Colleges... Challenges Yet Unmet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of State Education Leader titled "Public Policy and Community Colleges" focuses on issues of importance to community colleges. The highlighted articles in this issue discuss current legislation and reform that has impacted community colleges. In "Challenges Yet Unmet," Katherine Boswell discusses how state policy leaders look to…

Walker, Sherry Freeland, Ed.

1998-01-01

59

Public policy action and CCC implementation: benefits and hurdles  

PubMed Central

Policy change continues to be an increasingly effective means of advancing the agenda of comprehensive cancer control. Efforts have moved progressively from describing how public policy can enhance the comprehensive cancer control agenda to implementation of public policy best practices at both the state and federal levels. The current political and economic contexts bring additional challenges and opportunities to the efforts surrounding comprehensive cancer control and policy. The purpose of this paper is to highlight recent policy successes, to illustrate the importance of policy as a means of advancing the comprehensive cancer control agenda, and to discuss continued policy action as we move forward in a time of healthcare reform and continuing economic uncertainty. PMID:21086034

Daniel, Kelley; Gurian, Gary L.; Petherick, J. T.; Stockmyer, Chris; David, Annette M.; Miller, Sara E.

2010-01-01

60

CAREER : Machine Learning and Event Detection for the Public Good With the critical importance of addressing global policy problems such as disease, crime, and  

E-print Network

, transformative technologies such as mobile phones and online search to enhance event detection, addressing enhance the public good. By enabling rapid and effective response to emerging disease outbreaks, prediction and prevention of crime, and improved quality of patient health care, our novel detection methods

Gordon, Geoffrey J.

61

PUBLIC SOCIAL MEDIA POLICY Purpose:  

E-print Network

This document establishes standards and responsibilities for the use of social media sites to conduct official state business in accordance with applicable state and federal laws, the Texas Administrative Code (TAC), and the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) policies and procedures. TWDB’s social media sites are created to enhance communication, collaboration, and information exchange with the public in support of TWDB's mission. TWDB recognizes that social media sites and other online communication platforms increasingly serve as channels for direct interaction with the public and other TWDB stakeholders. Definitions: Accessibility – Usability by people of a product, service, environment, or facility with the widest range of capabilities. Comments – Remarks on social media sites that are in reply to postings or other comments. Personally Identifiable Information – Personally Identifiable Information is defined in Texas Business and Commerce Code (TBCC) Chapter 521 as ”information that alone or in conjunction with other information identifies an individual. ” This includes an individual’s a) name, social security number, date of birth, or government-issued identification number; b) mother’s maiden name; c) unique biometric data including the individual’s fingerprint, voice print, or retina or iris image; d) unique electronic identification number, address, or routing code; and e) telecommunication access device as defined by Section 32.51, Penal Code. Postings – Content placed on TWDB’s social media sites. Sensitive Personal Information – There are two categories of Sensitive Personal Information defined in Texas Business and Commerce Code (TBCC) Chapter 521: a) an individual’s first name or first initial and last name in combination with any one or more of the following items: 1. social security number; 2. driver’s license number or government-issued identification number; or 3. account number or credit or debit card number in combination with any required security code, access code, or password that would permit access to an individual’s financial account; or b) information that identifies an individual and relates to: 1. the physical or mental health or condition of the individual; 1 2. the provision of health care to the individual; or 3. payment for the provision of health care to the individual.

unknown authors

62

Supporting the Public Benefits of Public Higher Education. Policy Statement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy statement from the American Association of State Colleges and Universities addresses the benefits of public higher education. Along with introductory and concluding sections, the statement addresses access, academic quality, research and public service, accountability, public financial support, and balanced governance. The statement…

Chandler, Alice

63

Management challenges at the intersection of public policy environments and strategic decision making in public hospitals.  

PubMed

Hospitals in the United States are heavily impacted by public policies that affect them. For example, Medicare and Medicaid programs account for more than half the revenue in most of the nation's almost 5,000 community hospitals, including the almost 1,100 public hospitals controlled by state and local governments (American Hospital Association, 2012). The public hospitals are especially closely aligned with and controlled by governmental entities compared with hospitals with other kinds of sponsorship. This article addresses the management challenges at the intersection of the strategic management of public hospitals and their public policy environments. Public hospitals are complicated entities designed not only to provide health services but also in many cases to play key roles in health-related research and education and to play important general economic development roles in their communities. The multi-faceted strategic decision making in these organizations is as heavily affected by their public policy environments as by their business, demographic, technological or other external environments. Effectively managing the intersection of their public policy environments and their strategic management is indeed vital for contemporary public hospitals. This article is intended to clarify certain aspects of this intersection through a description and model of the strategic activity in public hospitals and the connection between this activity and their external environments. Specific attention is focused on the concept of public policy environments and their features. Attention is also given to how managers can assess public policy environments and incorporate the results into strategic activities. PMID:23113418

Longest, Beaufort B

2012-01-01

64

40 CFR 707.20 - Chemical substances import policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Chemical substances import policy. 707.20 Section...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT CHEMICAL IMPORTS AND EXPORTS...Restrictions § 707.20 Chemical substances import policy. (a) Scope....

2013-07-01

65

40 CFR 707.20 - Chemical substances import policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Chemical substances import policy. 707.20 Section...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT CHEMICAL IMPORTS AND EXPORTS...Restrictions § 707.20 Chemical substances import policy. (a) Scope....

2011-07-01

66

40 CFR 707.20 - Chemical substances import policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Chemical substances import policy. 707.20 Section...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT CHEMICAL IMPORTS AND EXPORTS...Restrictions § 707.20 Chemical substances import policy. (a) Scope....

2010-07-01

67

40 CFR 707.20 - Chemical substances import policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Chemical substances import policy. 707.20 Section...PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT CHEMICAL IMPORTS AND EXPORTS...Restrictions § 707.20 Chemical substances import policy. (a) Scope....

2012-07-01

68

16 CFR 1009.3 - Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign manufacturers...3 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL GENERAL...INTERPRETATION § 1009.3 Policy on imported products, importers, and foreign...

2010-01-01

69

Internships in Public Policy: Students in the Public Sector.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Internships in Public Policy program, funded by the National Science Foundation and administered by the Massachusetts Internship Office, was a pilot project designed to test whether the emerging professional talents or graduate students in the social ...

D. V. Bakinowski, D. F. Beatrice, J. M. Schwalm

1973-01-01

70

Behavior analysis and public policy  

E-print Network

Discusses the contexts and processes of policymaking, focusing on agenda formation and policy adoption, implementation, and review; and on the legislative and executive processes. Issues are outlined regarding the roles ...

Fawcett, Stephen B.; Bernstein, G. S.; Czyzewski, Mare J.; Greene, B. F.; Hannah, Gerald T.; Iwata, B. A.; Jason, L. A.; Mathews, R. Mark; Morris, Edward K.; Otiswilborn, A.; Seekins, Tom; Winett, R. A.

1988-01-01

71

Framing Public Policy Education:Framing Public Policy Education: The Purdue Model  

E-print Network

Jones · Farm and Rural Safety: Diversity of· Farm and Rural Safety: Diversity of Stakeholders ­ Bill Marshall Martin Farm Policy Study Group December 13, 2007 Origins of the Purdue Public Policy Education

72

Public Policy and Environmental Research and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper evaluates several potential public policies to increase research and development (R&D) investments with the goal\\u000a of introducing innovations to reduce harmful industrial emissions. The policies—new pre-innovation taxes, more stringent emissions\\u000a regulations, promotion of cooperative R&D, promotion of outside financing from other companies and from the public, diplomacy\\u000a to encourage emissions regulations that are more uniformly stringent worldwide, promoting

John T. Scott

73

NIH Public Access Policy Overview (Webinar)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A video and PowerPoint presentation from a webinar about the National Institute of Health's Public Access Policy. Overview of the Policy Who Has to Comply? When do you Have to Comply? How to Secure the Required Copyright How to Submit your Article How to Cite your Article How to Cite with EndNote More Information Sources Questions and Answers

Kate Krause; Laurissa B Gann

2011-01-01

74

Public Policies that Help Foster Social Inclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policies can be effective in raising people's social inclusion as intended only reasonably through their implementation. With respect to the implementation perspective, this study examines the effectiveness of eight policies as perceived to implement in Hong Kong, China. The study employs data collected from 1,109 Chinese adults randomly…

Cheung, Chau-kiu

2013-01-01

75

Policies Governing Admission to Jordanian Public Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper intends to discuss the policy of admission to Jordanian public universities. This admission rules are variable and open to almost 100% of the graduates from secondary schools. This might refer to the historical events and economic conditions that the country has gone through since its establishment. Furthermore, the admission policy is…

Massadeh, Nassar

2012-01-01

76

Public Service Employment as Macroeconomic Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authors assert that public service employment (PSE) is one form of macroeconomic policy and compare PSE to tax reduction, federal subsidies, and other forms. They propose a design for an ongoing federal employment program and conclude that a PSE program aimed at the structurally unemployed creates more jobs per GNP dollar than other policies. (SK)

Baily, Martin N.; Solow, Robert M.

1979-01-01

77

Making Sense of the "Public" in Public Education. Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this policy report is to bring coherence to discussions about school reform and to encourage policymakers to use a consistent metric when judging whether reform proposals are serving the needs of children and the nation. The current confusion and policy debates over what is a public school--brought about by recent educational…

Hess, Frederick M.

78

Consideration on Framework of Environmental Public Finance Policy in China  

E-print Network

Abstract: The establishment of environmental finance policy has been an important and urgent task for constructing new road of environmental protection in China. In order to enhance the three major functions of fiscal policies in environmental protection, the paper discussed the establishment of a framework for environmental finance policies, which is supported by the three theories of pricing of public goods, external diseconomy,and supply of public goods, identified three key policy fields of environmental products pricing, green taxation instrument,and public expenditure policy. In addition, the paper designed the environmental finance policy roadmap and put forward specific suggestions on environmental public financing, green taxation and public expenditure. Key words: environmental protection, public finance, policy framework, budget expenditure The thirty years of reform and opening up to the outside world has been a thirty years of exploring the way of environmental protection in China. In general, China is still in the middle stage of industrialization with increasing pressure on natural resources and environment caused by the rapid economic growth. In the coming 20 years, the environment and resource pressure driven by China’s social and economic development will be further increasing and the environmental and resource constraint will be intensifying due to the continued growth of population and fast economic

Wang Jinnan; Lu Yuantang; Zhu Jianhua; Ge Chazhong

79

Airline Deregulation and Public Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An assessment of the effects of airline deregulation on travelers and carriers indicates that deregulation has provided travelers and carriers with 14.9 billion of annual benefits (1988 dollars). Airport congestion, airline safety, airline bankruptcy, and mergers are also analyzed and found in most cases to have reduced benefits. But, these costs should not be attributed to deregulation per se, but to failures by the government to pursue appropriate policies in these areas. Pursuit of policies that promote airline competition and efficient use of airport capacity would significantly increase the benefits from deregulation and would provide valuable guidance for other industries undergoing the transition to deregulation.

Morrison, Steven A.; Winston, Clifford

1989-08-01

80

MICHIGAN PUBLIC POLICY SURVEY (MPPS) LOCAL GOVERNMENT  

E-print Network

MICHIGAN PUBLIC POLICY SURVEY (MPPS) LOCAL GOVERNMENT FISCAL & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ISSUES For more. Thinking about the financial needs of your jurisdiction, would you say that your unit of government is less development programs Amount of debt Sale of public assets (i.e., parks, buildings, etc

Shyy, Wei

81

BUSINESS ECONOMICS & PUBLIC POLICY (WH) {BEPP}  

E-print Network

of public policy to provide an analytic framework for considering why, how, and with what success issues relating to taxation, social security, low-income assistance, health insurance, education (both K. The second goal is to discuss how the public sector raises revenue through taxation to finance

Plotkin, Joshua B.

82

Embedding Public Art: Practice, Policy and Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1980s, public art has been argued to be a key driver in economic and social regeneration, but this is not reflected by its inscription into policy. Drawing on a survey of local authorities in Britain this article explores how and to what extent public art has become embedded in planning processes. Three key factors are identified as problematizing

Venda Louise Pollock; Ronan Paddison

2010-01-01

83

Transgender Identities and Public Policy in the United StatesThe Relevance for Public Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines an emerging issue within the field of governance, the intersection of public policy with transgender identity. It is important that administrators better understand this issue given the lack of consistency in the current policy framework. This article addresses transgender identity's intersection with employment law, marriage, hate crimes, and the current legal framework for sex reassignment in the

Jami Kathleen Taylor

2007-01-01

84

Asthma, Public Health, and Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Asthma is one of America’s most perplexing public health problems. It is a ubiquitous and costly disease of society, as well\\u000a as individuals. This chapter examines asthma in the larger context of public health by discussing different but related aspects\\u000a of disease management and control. We will consider the way the characteristics of the society affect the extent and severity

Noreen M. Clark

85

Criminal Profiling and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Over the past 25 years, criminal profiling as a tool for solving crimes has been popularized with the public through literature,\\u000a film, and television. Additionally, profiling’s successful contribution to the resolution of a few high-profile cases has\\u000a also served to increase the practice’s standing in the public square. But fundamentally, the fate of criminal profiling as\\u000a a tool of law

Jeffrey B. Bumgarner

86

Policy #2010 Publications Policy and Graphic Guidelines 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

Policy #2010 ­ Publications Policy and Graphic Guidelines 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY University and guidelines pertaining to Old Dominion University's publications policy and graphic guidelines, consistent institutional image that the public can easily recognize as Old Dominion University

87

The Thomas S. Foley Institute for Public Policy & Public Service  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As a native son of Washington, it makes sense that Thomas S. Foley might have a policy institute named after him, particularly given his long track record of public service as the Speaker of the House of Representatives. Based at Washington State University, the mission of the Thomas S. Foley Institute for Public Policy and Public Service is "to foster civic education, public service, and public policy research in a nonpartisan, cross-disciplinary setting." First-time visitors to the site can get acclimated to the material by checking out the latest report from the Foley Institute or watching one of the recent videos from the Institute, such as "Women in Public Service" and an interview with Bill Gates, Sr. On the left-hand of the homepage, visitors will find six additional thematic areas, including "Events", "Internships", "Foley Archives", and "Public Policy Research". Finally, the site also includes links to social media and a link where users can sign up to receive updates from the Institute.

88

Public health workforce: challenges and policy issues  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews the challenges facing the public health workforce in developing countries and the main policy issues that must be addressed in order to strengthen the public health workforce. The public health workforce is diverse and includes all those whose prime responsibility is the provision of core public health activities, irrespective of their organizational base. Although the public health workforce is central to the performance of health systems, very little is known about its composition, training or performance. The key policy question is: Should governments invest more in building and supporting the public health workforce and infrastructure to ensure the more effective functioning of health systems? Other questions concern: the nature of the public health workforce, including its size, composition, skills, training needs, current functions and performance; the appropriate roles of the workforce; and how the workforce can be strengthened to support new approaches to priority health problems. The available evidence to shed light on these policy issues is limited. The World Health Organization is supporting the development of evidence to inform discussion on the best approaches to strengthening public health capacity in developing countries. WHO's priorities are to build an evidence base on the size and structure of the public health workforce, beginning with ongoing data collection activities, and to map the current public health training programmes in developing countries and in Central and Eastern Europe. Other steps will include developing a consensus on the desired functions and activities of the public health workforce and developing a framework and methods for assisting countries to assess and enhance the performance of public health training institutions and of the public health workforce. PMID:12904251

Beaglehole, Robert; Dal Poz, Mario R

2003-01-01

89

AGU Public Affairs: How to Get Involved in Science Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

AGU Public Affairs offers many ways for its members to get involved in science policy at different levels of participation, whether you would love to spend a year working as a resident science expert in a congressional office in Washington, D.C., or would rather simply receive email alerts about Earth and space science policy news. How you can get involved: Sign up for AGU Science Policy Alerts to receive the most relevant Earth and space science policy information delivered to your email inbox. Participate in one of AGU's Congressional Visits Days to speak with your legislators about important science issues. Attend the next AGU Science Policy Conference in spring 2013. Participate in events happening on Capitol Hill, and watch video of past events. Learn about AGU Embassy Lectures, where countries come together to discuss important Earth and space science topics. Learn how you can comment on AGU Position Statements. Apply to be an AGU Congressional Science Fellow, where you can work in a congressional office for one year and serve as a resident science expert, or to be an AGU Public Affairs Intern, where you can work in the field of science policy for three months. The AGU Public Affairs Team will highlight ways members can be involved as well as provide information on how the team is working to shape policy and inform society about the excitement of AGU science.

Landau, E. A.; Hankin, E. R.; Uhlenbrock, K. M.

2012-12-01

90

Higher education markets and public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the major reforms to higher education being introduced throughout the world, market and “market-like” policy instruments are assuming increasing importance. Long perceived as a unique characteristic of the U.S. system of higher education, experiments with market competition in academic labor markets, institutional finance, student support, and the allocation of research funds are now evident in the higher education policy

David D. Dill

1997-01-01

91

The Relationship of Inquiry to Public Policy  

E-print Network

Research & Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities copyright 2003 by 2003, Vol. 28, No. 3,148-152 TASH Thie. Relati'onshi'p of Inquitry to Publ'ic Policy Wayne Sailor and Matthew Stowe University of Kansas In westem democracies, public policy... all correspondence and requests for reprints to Wayne Sailor, University of Kansas, 1200 Sunnyside, Haworth Hall rm. 3136, Lawrence, KS 66045-7534. E-mail: wsailor@ ku.edu Inquiry is a values-driven process. In the time of Plato, pursuit of knowledge...

Sailor, Wayne; Stowe, Matthew J.

2003-01-01

92

Public Policy Issues on the Horizon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO) has identified public policy issues of interest to its membership in 1997, including those in budget and appropriations, college costs and pricing, distance learning and technology, environmental health and safety, federal audit and accounting standards, Higher Education…

Business Officer, 1997

1997-01-01

93

Education--Technology and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policy with respect to industrial arts as a part of general education is almost nonexistent. In fact, one finds little true commitment to the field except by its practitioners, and they frequently report such problems as not having a textbook available for their course or having school counselors assign to their courses students who cannot…

DeVore, Paul W.

94

Public policies affecting ethnic minorities in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The original hypothesis of this research was that China has developed public policies to protect the rights and interests of its ethnic minorities. Using literature and web materials from different sources, however, the authors were unable to obtain findings to test this hypothesis. Nevertheless, from an analysis of 31 articles and books, eight research and news websites, and three Chinese

Yuanyuan Feng; Monit Cheung

2008-01-01

95

Academic Values, Institutional Management and Public Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impacts of market-related policies and revenues on higher education are not uniform but globalisation has opened most institutions to new pressures. The public funding models developed 50 years ago underestimated the full cost of mass higher education as an entitlement while the sheer scale of resources needed to sustain a comprehensive…

Ward, David

2007-01-01

96

OHSU Library Public Workstation Use Policy Environment  

E-print Network

OHSU Library Public Workstation Use Policy Environment The OHSU Library provides access access is provided on each floor of the Library. This service is provided to meet the healthrelated result in the loss of the right to use the OHSU Library computers. The following uses are prohibited

Chapman, Michael S.

97

Institute for International Public Policy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Institute for International Public Policy program provides a single grant to assist a consortia of institutions of higher education in establishing an institute designed to increase the representation of minorities in international service, including private international voluntary organizations and the Foreign Service of the United States. A…

Office of Postsecondary Education, US Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

98

Copyright, Public Policy, and the Scholarly Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the May 1995 Membership Meeting of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), a panel of experts offered four perspectives on strategies and public policy choices involved in defining the rights and responsibilities of copyright owners, users, and the libraries in the networked environment. These perspectives, and an additional paper…

Matthews, Michael, Ed.; Brennan, Patricia, Ed.

99

Public Policy in the Virtual World  

E-print Network

), Virtual Finance, Virtual Law, Virtual Property Abstract This paper explores the application of traditional real-world law to activities in virtual environments. Massively multiplayer online role-playing games increase and evolve. This paper explores a range of laws, regulations and underlying public policy concerns

Bagby, John

100

MICHIGAN PUBLIC POLICY SURVEY (MPPS) LOCAL GOVERNMENT  

E-print Network

MICHIGAN PUBLIC POLICY SURVEY (MPPS) LOCAL GOVERNMENT FISCAL & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ISSUES For more that your unit of government isless able or better able to meet its financial needs in... Significantly of debt ! ! ! ! ! ! Privatizing or contracting out of services ! ! ! ! ! ! Number and/or scope

Shyy, Wei

101

MICHIGAN PUBLIC POLICY SURVEY (MPPS) LOCAL GOVERNMENT  

E-print Network

MICHIGAN PUBLIC POLICY SURVEY (MPPS) LOCAL GOVERNMENT FISCAL & ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ISSUES For more. Thinking about the financial needs of your jurisdiction, would you say that your unit of government is less for services, licenses, transfers, etc. Amount of debt Ability of your jurisdiction to repay its

Shyy, Wei

102

THE PUBLIC POLICY RESEARCH Kirby Goidel  

E-print Network

Louisiana Survey Full Report #12;2 EEEExecutive Summaryxecutive Summaryxecutive Summaryxecutive Summary a leadership role in state and national public policy development. The lab serves other units on campus pressure, eye movement and brain activity) to various media messages as well as gather their attitudes

Harms, Kyle E.

103

EMERGY ANALYSIS PERSPECTIVES, PUBLIC POLICY OPTIONS, AND  

E-print Network

EMERGY ANALYSIS PERSPECTIVES, PUBLIC POLICY OPTIONS, AND DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE COASTAL, Museum Road Gainesville, Florida Tel (904) 392-2424 Fax (904) 392-3624 #12;EMERGY ANALYSIS PERSPECTIVES of Florida Phelps lab, Museum Road Gainesville, Florida Tel. (904) 392-2424 Fax (904) 392-3624 #12;EMERGY

Slatton, Clint

104

Research Guides in a Public Policy Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how the Congressional Research Service modified the pathfinder form for use in a congressional public policy environment. The development and evolution of the CRS Research Guide format is discussed as are format and topic selection considerations. Future developments, which include on-line guides that will have direct links to the Library of Congress SCORPIO system, are outlined.

Nancy A. Davenport; Kristin M. Vajs

1988-01-01

105

Training and Public Policy: Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed by an advisory board of industry and education representatives to raise issues for the consideration of policy makers, community college administrators, labor leaders, and managers in Michigan, this report discusses the increasing significance of training to industry; the challenge to public education and, in particular, to community…

Jacobs, James

106

Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies--1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers aims to improve the policy education efforts of extension workers responsible for public affairs programs. The first section, "An Evolving Public Policy Education" examines the history of public education; address current issues such as leadership models, ethics in policy formation and policy education; and forecasts…

Farm Foundation, Chicago, IL.

107

Design and Management of Participatory Public Policy Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

In The Netherlands many local governments make public policy in a participatory way. Civilians and other interested parties are invited by policy makers to design public policy cooperatively. As a consequence many actors and information are embedded in the policy making process, because these actors describe the issue(s) and solutions for the policy problem differently. Some municipals are able to

Jurrien Edelenbos

1999-01-01

108

Sex offender management: the public policy challenges.  

PubMed

Few issues within the crime policy arena are as volatile as those involving sex offending, yet there is an enormous "knowledge gap" between research, science, and clinical practice, on the one hand, and the policy and criminal justice practitioner communities, on the other. Recent highly publicized cases involving sex offending, which have elevated the issue in the public eye, provide an opportunity for experts in this field to play an aggressive role in informing this debate. In particular, high priority should be given to developing more effective means of communicating to policymakers, practitioners, the media, elected officials, and the public what is known from science and clinical practice about sex offending and about what works in addressing it. A strong commitment to greater cross-disciplinary collaboration is also needed, as is federal leadership, particularly in supporting a cross-department research agenda. Researchers and other experts in this field can play a valuable role in helping ensure rational and effective public policy relating to sex offending that can achieve public safety and help reduce future victimization. PMID:12839882

Robinson, Laurie O

2003-06-01

109

Trust and Public Participation in Risk Policy Issues  

SciTech Connect

Recent social science literature has paid increasing attention to the concept of trust, albeit with differing definitions and constituents and also with differing emphases on societal origins, functions, and implications. Recently, discussion has shifted to the role of trust in hazard management and, more broadly, to the fundamental role of trust in modern society. In this paper, we provide answers to the following questions, in an attempt to refocus the discussion and identify a more productive research approach to the relationship of trust and public participation in risk policy issues: -What is trust? What are the differing conceptions and dimensions of trust that have been identified in the literature? -What are the social functions of trust? -What is the relationship between trust and public participation in risk policy issues? Why is trust particularly important for agencies such as the Department of Energy (DOE) that are responsible for development and implementation of policies involving technological risk? -How should we define the research problem in examining the relationship between trust and public participation in risk policy issues? What are the key research questions to be addressed? Federal agencies have introduced public participation as a means of addressing public distrust and enhancing their ability to make decisions that can be implemented. In some cases, such as the Secretary of Energy's Advisory Board, public participation was explicitly identified as an organizational response that was needed to re-establish public trust and confidence in the Department of Energy (DOE). However, our review of the literature on both trust and public participation and our experience in developing criteria for evaluating public participation initiatives have resulted in our questioning the wisdom of establishing trust as a goal of public participation and caused us to examine the relationship between trust and public participation.

Bradbury, Judith A. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Branch, Kristi M. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Focht, Will; Ragnar E. Lofstedt and George Cvetkovich

1999-12-01

110

Public policy: effective treatment for tobacco disease.  

PubMed

Public policy initiatives offer greater promise than other strategies for reducing the major public health problem of death and disease due to smoking. Three of the most critical public policy areas today are smoke-free environments, youth access, and advertising. While earlier laws separated smokers and nonsmokers into separate sections, the focus now is on smoke-free environments. Various places, however, most notably restaurants, often remain polluted with tobacco smoke and put women at heightened risk of disease and death. Restricting youth access to tobacco products has also gained momentum in the 1990s. The recently proposed Food and Drug Administration regulations designed to reduce smoking by minors by 50% over seven years are the most significant national public policy initiatives ever to address the problem of children smoking. Measures to counter the tobacco industry's massive advertising and promotion campaigns have also increased. The federal government has begun enforcing the prohibition on cigarette advertising on television, and local jurisdictions have restricted tobacco billboards and point-of-sale advertising. PMID:8868550

Scheg, K E

1996-01-01

111

Analysis of Policy Alternatives on the Public Acceptance of Nuclear Power plant in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public acceptance has become an important factor in nuclear power program particularly after Chernobyl accident and recent rapid democratization in Korea. A method reflecting public opinions in order to Improve public acceptance is to find out the public preference values for its policy alternatives. In this study, the conjoint analysis was applied to find out the quantitative values of- public

Young Sung CHOI; Byong Whi LEE

1995-01-01

112

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2012-01-01

113

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2014-01-01

114

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2011-01-01

115

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2010-01-01

116

5 CFR 294.201 - Public information policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of information when requested by a member of the public, the Office has an independent public information policy for bringing to the attention of the public through news releases, publications of the Office, or other methods, information...

2013-01-01

117

Georgetown Law: Center on Poverty, Inequality and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Law Center of Georgetown and the Georgetown Public Policy Institute have teamed up to assist policymakers, lawmakers, researchers, and others to effectively address poverty and inequality as a function of public policy. Their website allows anyone to read publications by the Center's esteemed thinkers. In the "Current Projects" link on the menu of the left side of any page, visitors can read the center's Youth Policy, Low-Income Tax Policy, and Cross-Cutting Policy Poverty Initiatives.

118

Statistics for Public Policy and Sociology Quizzes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site provides links to tests and quizzes for the Statistics and Data Analysis for Public Policy and Sociology course at Duke University, 1992 through 1995. This is an older site, but the sets of tests and quizzes are still valuable. Each one could be translated into an exam for either a statistics or sociology course. There are thirty-eight total exams/quizzes. This is valuable tool for crafting questions for lower level sociology/statistics courses.

2009-02-27

119

An exploration of the theoretical concepts policy windows and policy entrepreneurs at the Swedish public health arena.  

PubMed

In John Kingdon's Policy Streams Approach policy formation is described as the result of the flow of three 'streams', the problem stream, the policy stream and the politics stream. When these streams couple, a policy window opens which facilitate policy change. Actors who promote specific solutions are labelled policy entrepreneurs. The aim of this study was to test the applicability of the Policy Streams Approach by verifying whether the theoretical concepts 'policy windows' and 'policy entrepreneurs' could be discernable in nine specified cases. Content analyses of interviews and documents related to child health promoting measures in three Swedish municipalities were performed and nine case studies were written. The policy processes preceding the municipal measures and described in the case studies were scrutinized in order to find statements related to the concepts policy windows and policy entrepreneurs. All conditions required to open a policy window were reported to be present in eight of the nine case studies, as was the most important resource of a policy entrepreneur, sheer persistence. This study shows that empirical examples of policy windows and policy entrepreneurs could be identified in child health promoting measures in Swedish municipalities. If policy makers could learn to predict the opening of policy windows, the planning of public health measures might be more straightforward. This also applies to policy makers' ability to detect actors possessing policy entrepreneur resources. PMID:19819897

Guldbrandsson, Karin; Fossum, Bjöörn

2009-12-01

120

Health psychology and public policy: the political process.  

PubMed

During the past 20 years, psychologists have successfully modified federal statutes, resulting in recognition of the profession's clinical and research expertise. Despite these successes, professional psychology's training institutions have largely failed to address basic issues in health policy and the implications of national health policy for psychology. The importance of public health programs under Title VII of the Public Health Act and the significance of full inclusion of psychology in all federal health programs, including Titles XVIII (Medicare) and XIX (Medicaid), are poorly understood by most health psychologists. Federal health policy decisions, including management of excessive federal health spending, will dictate the growth and opportunities for health psychologists. Understanding federal health spending and recent federal initiatives such as Resource Based Relative Value Scale, Diagnostic Related Groups, and practice guidelines will be of benefit to health psychologists. PMID:8565923

DeLeon, P H; Frank, R G; Wedding, D

1995-11-01

121

Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies--1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication reports the major discussions at a conference that was held to improve the policy education efforts of extension workers responsible for public affairs programs. It begins with abstracts of the 22 presentations. Four papers deal with public policy education in the 1990s: "To Inform Their Discretion: Policy Education and Democratic…

Halbrook, Steve A., Ed.; Grace, Teddee E., Ed.

122

Forecasting, growth management and public policy decision making  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper's objective is to describe the interplay between forecasting and decision making. It shows how a forecast helped shape public policy and, in turn, how public policy influenced a forecast, within the context of the growth management effort underway in the San Diego region. The forecast identified economic challenges and land use issues facing the region and public policy

Jeff Tayman

1996-01-01

123

Public Opinion on Foreign Policy: The Multilateral Public that Perceives Itself as Unilateral  

Microsoft Academic Search

Americans have a strong preference for multilateral for- eign policies over unilateral foreign policies. But do Americans know their own preferences? Data from a national survey show wide misper- ceptions of public opinion on foreign policy. While Americans strongly prefer multilateral policies, they overestimate public support for unilat- eral policies. For example, while only 23 percent of respondents agreed that

ALEXANDER TODOROV; ANESU N. MANDISODZA

2004-01-01

124

The Policy Implications of Internet Connectivity in Public Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of public Internet access and related networked services by public libraries is affected by a number of information policy issues. This article analyzes the policy dimensions of Internet connectivity in public libraries in light of the data and findings from a national survey of public libraries conducted by the authors of this article. After providing a summary of

Paul T. Jaeger; John Carlo Bertot; Charles R. McClure; Lesley A. Langa

2006-01-01

125

The Policy Implications of Internet Connectivity in Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The provision of public Internet access and related networked services by public libraries is affected by a number of information policy issues. This article analyzes the policy dimensions of Internet connectivity in public libraries in light of the data and findings from a national survey of public libraries conducted by the authors of this…

Jaeger, Paul T.; Bertot, John Carlo; McClure, Charles R.; Langa, Lesley A.

2006-01-01

126

Obesity Stigma: Important Considerations for Public Health  

PubMed Central

Stigma and discrimination toward obese persons are pervasive and pose numerous consequences for their psychological and physical health. Despite decades of science documenting weight stigma, its public health implications are widely ignored. Instead, obese persons are blamed for their weight, with common perceptions that weight stigmatization is justifiable and may motivate individuals to adopt healthier behaviors. We examine evidence to address these assumptions and discuss their public health implications. On the basis of current findings, we propose that weight stigma is not a beneficial public health tool for reducing obesity. Rather, stigmatization of obese individuals threatens health, generates health disparities, and interferes with effective obesity intervention efforts. These findings highlight weight stigma as both a social justice issue and a priority for public health. PMID:20075322

Heuer, Chelsea A.

2010-01-01

127

Public-policy responsibilities in a restructured electricity industry  

SciTech Connect

In this report, we identify and define the key public-policy values, objectives, and actions that the US electricity industry currently meets. We also discuss the opportunities for meeting these objectives in a restructured industry that relies primarily on market forces rather than on government mandates. And we discuss those functions that governments might undertake, presumably because they will not be fully met by a restructured industry on its own. These discussions are based on a variety of inputs. The most important inputs came from participants in an April 1995 workshop on Public-Policy Responsibilities and Electric Industry Restructuring: Shaping the Research Agenda. Other sources of information and insights include the reviews of a draft of this report by workshop participants and others and the rapidly growing literature on electric-industry restructuring and its implications. One of the major concerns about the future of the electricity industry is the fate of numerous social and environmental programs supported by today`s electric utilities. Many people worry that a market-driven industry may not meet the public-policy objectives that electric utilities have met in the past. Examples of potentially at-risk programs include demand-side management (DSM), renewable energy, low-income weatherization, and fuel diversity. Workshop participants represented electric utilities, public utility commissions (PUCs), state energy offices, public-interest groups, other energy providers, and the research community.

Tonn, B.; Hirst, E.; Bauer, D.

1995-06-01

128

Public Perceptions of Drought and Support for Diverse Water Policy Alternatives  

E-print Network

Public Perceptions of Drought and Support for Diverse Water Policy Alternatives C. Mercer and K support for changes in water policy is important for water resource management. This research therefore for possible policy changes designed to deal with water shortages? Frequencies for Explanatory Factors: Drought

Hall, Sharon J.

129

Reasoning about Risk in Public Policy: the ascendancy of rational actor approaches  

E-print Network

Reasoning about Risk in Public Policy: the ascendancy of rational actor approaches Peter Taylor. An important response, particularly prominent in the UK and especially in social policy-making, has been New much purchase on policy-making. One reason is the extent to which approaches which rest

Yao, Xin

130

System Architecture and Public Policy: How the Internet's Design Impacts the Policy Process  

E-print Network

architecture has affected policies for Internet privatization and governance. * * * * * At a high conceptual1 System Architecture and Public Policy: How the Internet's Design Impacts the Policy Process Professionals for Social Responsibility (www.CPSR.org) Director, Internet and Public Policy Project of Georgia

de Weck, Olivier L.

131

Public policy issues in animal bioacoustics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Control of anthropogenic noise in many terrestrial and underwater environments is crucial for maintaining communication, health, and normal behavior of animals. Noise can be an issue for any species; usually, however, endangered and threatened species and marine mammals are the ones provided legal protection under the Endangered Species Act and/or the Marine Mammal Protection Act. Recent substantiated noise effects in the ocean have received much publicity and generated a more global approach to noise control. However, there are also cases where publicity was not accompanied by scientific data substantiating effects (e.g., an incident involving a $1 million noise barrier installed to protect passerine birds). The public and environmental managers have had difficulty developing adequate guidelines not only because necessary data are often lacking, but also because the manner in which funding is allocated-noise-producing agencies or private organizations are often pressured to fund studies-gives rise to inevitable conflicts of interest (or the perception thereof). Examples of recent noise-related controversies will be presented to examine the role of scientists, engineers, and professional organizations such as ASA in dealing with conflicts of interest and formulating public policy.

Bowles, Ann E.; Hastings, Mardi C.

2002-05-01

132

Influencing Public Policy to Improve the Lives of Older Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aging of the U.S. population raises numerous public policy issues about which gerontological researchers, policy experts, and practitioners have much to contribute. However, the means by which aging-related public policy is influenced are not always apparent. Drawing on experience working in the U.S. Senate and other settings as Health and Aging…

Hinrichsen, Gregory A.; Kietzman, Kathryn G.; Alkema, Gretchen E.; Bragg, Elizabeth J.; Hensel, Brian K.; Miles, Toni P.; Segev, Dorry L.; Zerzan, Judy

2010-01-01

133

Noncitizen Eligibility for Federal Public Assistance: Policy Overview and Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] The extent to which residents of the United States who are not U.S. citizens should be eligible for federally funded public aid has been a contentious issue for more than a decade. This issue meets at the intersection of two major policy areas: immigration policy and welfare policy. The eligibility of noncitizens for public assistance programs is based on

Ruth Ellen Wasem

2010-01-01

134

Evaluability assessment to improve public health policies, programs, and practices.  

PubMed

Evaluability assessment, also commonly known as exploratory evaluation, has assisted the field of public health to improve programs and to develop a pragmatic, practice-based research agenda. Evaluability assessment was originally developed as a low-cost pre-evaluation activity to prepare better for conventional evaluations of programs, practices, and some policies. For public health programs, however, it serves several other important purposes: (a) giving program staff rapid, constructive feedback about program operations; (b) assisting the core public health planning and assurance functions by helping to develop realistic objectives and providing low-cost, rapid feedback on implementation; (c) navigating federal performance measurement requirements; (d) translating research into practice by examining the feasibility, acceptability, and adaptation of evidence-based practices in new settings and populations; and (e) translating practice into research by identifying promising new approaches to achieve public health goals. PMID:20235852

Leviton, Laura C; Khan, Laura Kettel; Rog, Debra; Dawkins, Nicola; Cotton, David

2010-01-01

135

Public Policy 290-14 and ARE 298 International Economic Development Policy  

E-print Network

1 8/22/01 Public Policy 290-14 and ARE 298 Fall 2001 International Economic Development Policy Six case study papers, four policy briefs, and final examination. Case studies and policy briefs will be exercises involving quantitative analysis and the write up of a consultant report. One will be a policy

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

136

Public Policy and Legitimacy: A historical policy analysis of the interplay of public policy and legitimacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the interplay of local government policy and legitimacy from a broad postpositivist perspective where historical accounts and narratives are used in a complementary fashion. The basic assumption is that legitimacy is the product of satisfying felt needs and solving perceived problems. Health and social malaise problems and related policies of the past 120 years are analyzed in

Anders Hanberger

2003-01-01

137

Correctional health care: implications for public health policy.  

PubMed Central

"Correctional Health Care: Implications for Public Health Policy" is the first in a series of articles that examines the special health care needs of persons who are incarcerated in America's correctional facilities. The intent of the series is to gain a better understanding about the unmet health needs of incarcerated persons, the importance of addressing the health service delivery system in correctional facilities, and the implications that may arise from neglecting to address these health issues on health outcomes for individual detainees and society at-large when detainees transition back into the community. This article provides a descriptive overview of the corrections population, their sociodemographics, health care needs, and health concerns that are in need of improvement. This article also offers recommendations for public policy consideration to improve the overall health of inmates and society at large. PMID:12069208

Adams, Diane L.; Leath, Brenda A.

2002-01-01

138

Correctional health care: implications for public health policy.  

PubMed

"Correctional Health Care: Implications for Public Health Policy" is the first in a series of articles that examines the special health care needs of persons who are incarcerated in America's correctional facilities. The intent of the series is to gain a better understanding about the unmet health needs of incarcerated persons, the importance of addressing the health service delivery system in correctional facilities, and the implications that may arise from neglecting to address these health issues on health outcomes for individual detainees and society at-large when detainees transition back into the community. This article provides a descriptive overview of the corrections population, their sociodemographics, health care needs, and health concerns that are in need of improvement. This article also offers recommendations for public policy consideration to improve the overall health of inmates and society at large. PMID:12069208

Adams, Diane L; Leath, Brenda A

2002-05-01

139

Public health human resources: a comparative analysis of policy documents in two Canadian provinces  

PubMed Central

Background Amidst concerns regarding the capacity of the public health system to respond rapidly and appropriately to threats such as pandemics and terrorism, along with changing population health needs, governments have focused on strengthening public health systems. A key factor in a robust public health system is its workforce. As part of a nationally funded study of public health renewal in Canada, a policy analysis was conducted to compare public health human resources-relevant documents in two Canadian provinces, British Columbia (BC) and Ontario (ON), as they each implement public health renewal activities. Methods A content analysis of policy and planning documents from government and public health-related organizations was conducted by a research team comprised of academics and government decision-makers. Documents published between 2003 and 2011 were accessed (BC?=?27; ON?=?20); documents were either publicly available or internal to government and excerpted with permission. Documentary texts were deductively coded using a coding template developed by the researchers based on key health human resources concepts derived from two national policy documents. Results Documents in both provinces highlighted the importance of public health human resources planning and policies; this was particularly evident in early post-SARS documents. Key thematic areas of public health human resources identified were: education, training, and competencies; capacity; supply; intersectoral collaboration; leadership; public health planning context; and priority populations. Policy documents in both provinces discussed the importance of an educated, competent public health workforce with the appropriate skills and competencies for the effective and efficient delivery of public health services. Conclusion This policy analysis identified progressive work on public health human resources policy and planning with early documents providing an inventory of issues to be addressed and later documents providing evidence of beginning policy development and implementation. While many similarities exist between the provinces, the context distinctive to each province has influenced and shaped how they have focused their public health human resources policies. PMID:24564931

2014-01-01

140

PUBLIC POLICY MAKING: THEORIES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

ublic policy making is not merely a technical function of gov ernment; rather it is a complex interactive process influenced by the diverse nature of socio-political and other environmental forces. These environmental forces that form the policy context lead to the variation in policies and influences the output and impact. Due to the contextual differences, public policies of the developed

Ferdous Arfina Osman

141

Advocating Healthy Public Policy: Implications for Baccalaureate Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public health nurses must advocate healthy public policy. The education of these nurses should include learning experiences such as analysis of population health issues, environmental scanning, letters to editors or legislators, and practicum activities that develop awareness of public policy. (SK)

Reutter, Linda; Williamson, Deanna L.

2000-01-01

142

On failures in education and public policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Education of the public and the resulting policies in many matters are grossly inadequate. Included as a small list of four samples of failings in vital matters are: 1. Societal Cohesiveness: A profound change in the school system will yield great benefit for the nation (http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/publicservice.html.). 2. Lack of understanding regarding the coming avian flu pandemic (http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/ElyFluMES.pdf). 3. Severe Hg intoxication from dentistry due to profound multifaceted ignorance (Ely JTA, Mercury induced Alzheimer's disease: accelerating incidence? Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2001; 67(6),800-6). 4. The end of the world by global warming due to Christian religion forcing family planning money to be withheld from UN leading to population excess (http://faculty.washington.edu/ely/CO2runaway.html).

Ely, John T. A.

2007-04-01

143

Promotion of Healthy Eating Through Public Policy  

PubMed Central

Background To induce consumers to purchase healthier foods and beverages, some policymakers have suggested special taxes or labels on unhealthy products. The potential of such policies is unknown. Purpose In a controlled field experiment, researchers tested whether consumers were more likely to purchase healthy products under such policies. Methods From October to December 2011, researchers opened a store at a large hospital that sold a variety of healthier and less-healthy foods and beverages. Purchases (N=3680) were analyzed under five conditions: a baseline with no special labeling or taxation, a 30% tax, highlighting the phrase “less healthy” on the price tag, and combinations of taxation and labeling. Purchases were analyzed in January–July 2012, at the single-item and transaction levels. Results There was no significant difference between the various taxation conditions. Consumers were 11 percentage points more likely to purchase a healthier item under a 30% tax (95% CI=7%, 16%, <0.001) and 6 percentage points more likely under labeling (95% CI=0%, 12%, p=0.04). By product type, consumers switched away from the purchase of less-healthy food under taxation (9 percentage points decrease, p<0.001) and into healthier beverages (6 percentage point increase, p=0.001); there were no effects for labeling. Conditions were associated with the purchase of 11–14 fewer calories (9%–11% in relative terms) and 2 fewer grams of sugar. Results remained significant controlling for all items purchased in a single transaction. Conclusions Taxation may induce consumers to purchase healthier foods and beverages. However, it is unclear whether the 15%–20% tax rates proposed in public policy discussions would be more effective than labeling products as less healthy. PMID:23790988

Elbel, Brian; Taksler, Glen B.; Mijanovich, Tod; Abrams, Courtney B.; Dixon, L. Beth

2013-01-01

144

From 'trust us' to participatory governance: Deliberative publics and science policy.  

PubMed

The last 20 years have seen a shift from the view that publics need to be educated so that they trust science and its governance to the recognition that publics possess important local knowledge and the capacity to understand technical information sufficiently to participate in policy decisions. There are now a variety of approaches to increasing the role of publics and advocacy groups in the policy and governance of science and biotechnology. This article considers recent experiences that demonstrate that it is possible to bring together those with policy making responsibility and diverse publics to co-produce policy and standards of practice that are technically informed, incorporate wide social perspectives and explicitly involve publics in key decisions. Further, the process of deliberation involving publics is capable of being incorporated into governance structures to enhance the capacity to respond to emerging issues with levels of public engagement that are proportionate to the issues. PMID:24434712

Burgess, Michael M

2014-01-01

145

Beyond the retributive public: governance and public opinion on penal policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of a retributive public underlies many explanations of the USA's high incarceration rate. However, accounting for political context may undermine the retributive public assumption. Jonathan Simon's ‘governing through crime’ perspective provides one theory about the relationship between political context and public opinion on punitive penal policies. From this perspective, public support for punitive policies mirrors politicians’ focus on

Monica Williams

2011-01-01

146

Beyond the retributive public: governance and public opinion on penal policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of a retributive public underlies many explanations of the USA's high incarceration rate. However, accounting for political context may undermine the retributive public assumption. Jonathan Simon's ‘governing through crime’ perspective provides one theory about the relationship between political context and public opinion on punitive penal policies. From this perspective, public support for punitive policies mirrors politicians’ focus on

Monica Williams

2012-01-01

147

Aligning Food Systems Policies to Advance Public Health  

PubMed Central

The involvement of public health professionals in food and agricultural policy provides tremendous opportunities for advancing the public's health. It is particularly challenging, however, for professionals to understand and consider the numerous policy drivers that impact the food system, which range from agricultural commodity policies to local food safety ordinances. Confronted with this complexity in the food system, policy advocates often focus on narrow objectives with disregard for the larger system. This commentary contends that, in order to be most effective, public health professionals need to consider the full range of interdependent policies that affect the system. Food policy councils have proven to be an effective tool, particularly at the local and state level, for developing comprehensive food systems policies that can improve public health. PMID:23144671

Muller, Mark; Tagtow, Angie; Roberts, Susan L.; MacDougall, Erin

2009-01-01

148

Aging in Romania: research and public policy.  

PubMed

Romania has entered a period of rapid and dramatic population aging. Older Romanians are expected to make up more than 30% of the total population by 2050. Yet, gerontological research is sparse and the few studies of older Romanians that exist are not well used by policy makers. Much of the research is descriptive and focused on needs assessments. Most databases created from studies of older adults are not available for secondary analysis, nor is Romania among the countries included in the Survey of Health and Retirement in Europe. The pension and health insurance systems and the system of social welfare services address the specific needs of older Romanians, but comparing the social protection systems in the European Union with those in Romania suggests the existence of a development lag. The relevant legislation exists but there are still issues regarding the implementation of specially developed social services for older persons. As a result, there are major inadequacies in the organization of the social service system: too few public services, insufficient budget funds, insufficient collaboration between public and private services, and frequently overlapping services. PMID:23893542

Bodogai, Simona I; Cutler, Stephen J

2014-04-01

149

Public Policy Implications Associated with Technology Assisted Distance Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses six major themes related to public policy and distance learning: (1) quality/evaluation and accreditation; (2) credentialing; (3) enhanced public access; (4) organization and governance; (5) partnerships; and (6) financial support. (JOW)

Hickman, Clark J.

1999-01-01

150

Public policy analysis to redress urban environmental health inequities.  

PubMed

Public policies may not have been designed to disadvantage certain populations, but the effects of some policies create unintended health inequities. The nature of community health nurses' daily work provides a privileged position to witness the lived experiences and effects of policy-produced social and health inequities. This privileged position requires policy competence including analytical skills to connect lived experiences to public policy. The purpose of this article is to present an example of an urban ethnography that explicates inequity-producing effects of public policy and is intended to inform necessary policy changes. This study sheds light on how issues of childcare, housing, nutrition, and urban infrastructure in the context of poverty are fundamental to the larger issues of environmental health. This policy analysis documents how the Day Care Act of Nova Scotia, Canada explicates patriarchal and neoliberal gender and class assumptions that have implications for mothers' health decisions. PMID:22438161

Chircop, Andrea

2011-11-01

151

Job Posting -Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy Education Policy Postdoctoral Research Fellow  

E-print Network

such as charter schools, postsecondary attainment, high school curricular reforms, state college aid programsJob Posting - Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy Education Policy Postdoctoral Research Fellow November 8, 2010 Summary: The Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy conducts research, outreach, teaching

Shyy, Wei

152

The State of Asian Pacific America: Policy Issues to the Year 2020. A Public Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nineteen chapters consider major public policy implications for demographic projections of the Asian Pacific American population to the year 2020. A preface by D. T. Nakanishi and J. D. Hokoyama introduces the studies. Policy recommendations from the Asian American Public Policy Institute follow, recommending multiculturalism and intracultural…

California Univ., Los Angeles. Asian American Studies Center.

153

Comparing public discourses in stem cell policy debates.  

PubMed

Public policy debates surrounding stem cell research are becoming increasingly more complex as governance considerations move beyond the moral status of human embryos. This complexity is evident in the public discourses surrounding these debates globally. This article draws on the results of an analysis conducted on the media coverage of a recent stem cell policy episode in the United States to demonstrate the complexity of public discourses surrounding stem cell research and to reflect upon similar debates in Australia. Observations made from the public discourses in California are reframed within the Australian context to discuss ways in which future public policy debates surrounding stem cell research may be enriched. PMID:17571787

Lysaght, Tamra

2007-05-01

154

Public Policy and Agriculture Dr. Jeff Burkhardt  

E-print Network

) QQP #12;Policy for Food & Agriculture ­ "Farm Bill" #12;Policy for Food & Agriculture ­ "Farm Bill" Legislation designed to #12;Policy for Food & Agriculture ­ "Farm Bill" Legislation designed to ­ Help farmers reduce risk #12;Policy for Food & Agriculture ­ "Farm Bill" Legislation designed to ­ Help farmers reduce

Hill, Jeffrey E.

155

udall centerfor studies in public policy native nations institutefor leadership, management, and policy  

E-print Network

professor of water resources policy; associate pro- fessor, School of Geography and Development; associateANNUAL REPORT 2009­10 udall centerfor studies in public policy native nations institutefor leadership, management, and policy policy research and outreach for decision-making #12;mission Established

McCallum, William G.

156

M.A. Program in Public Policy with a concentration in Philosophy and Social Policy  

E-print Network

M.A. Program in Public Policy with a concentration in Philosophy and Social Policy A GUIDE FOR STUDENTS (updated 7/10/12) #12;PSP Guide for Students 2012-2013 p. 2 of 7 Welcome to the M.A. Program & Social Policy" or "PSP" Program. This unique program provides the opportunity to study social policy from

Vertes, Akos

157

Single-Sex Education. A Public Policy Issue. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a study of the public policy implications of publicly supported primary and secondary single-sex education in the United States. Twenty-two public intellectuals concerned with educational issues were interviewed. Subjects were either academic researchers, government officials and legislators, directors of public interest…

Jacobson, Abbe; And Others

158

The Importance of Early Experiences: Clinical, Research, and Policy Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The degree to which early adverse experiences exert long term effects on development and how much early adversity may be overcome through subsequent experiences are important mental health questions. The clinical, research and policy perspectives on these questions lead to different answers. From a clinical perspective, change is always possible,…

Zeanah, Charles H.

2009-01-01

159

GLOBAL PUBLIC POLICY 2013-2015 concentration information  

E-print Network

Public Policy Concentration Track 1 U.S. Foreign and International Security Policy Studies Students-626-5674 #12;10/29/2013 PA 5821 Humanitarianism PA 5890 US Foreign Policy: The Institutional Basis PA 5890 look at the Master of Science in Security Technologies (MSST) in the College of Science & Engineering

Levinson, David M.

160

Scholars, Dollars, and Public Policy: New Frontiers in Corporate Giving.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial contributions by American corporations that are designed to influence domestic or foreign policies are discussed. After identifying ways that business corporations can influence either general policy or particular decisions, a brief history of corporate philanthrophy in the United States and financial support for public policy purposes…

Lefever, Ernest W.; And Others

161

Balance, Diversity and Ethics in Public Policy Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policy for agriculture and natural resources must change as farming and the use of resources change, but policy also changes to reflect new understandings. The new understandings that will shape future agricultural policy may not come from food producers or agricultural scientists, and may not assume that expanding production is the primary…

Thompson, Paul B.

162

Public Policy Making In India: Issues and Remedies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public policy-making in India has frequently been characterized by a failure to anticipate needs, impacts, or reactions which could have reasonably been foreseen, thus impeding economic development. Policies have been reversed or changed more frequently than warranted by exogenous changes or new information. This paper is concerned with why India's policy- making structures have so much difficulty in formulating the

O. P. Agarwal; T. V. Somanathan

163

The Effects of Public Sector Hiring and Compensation Policies  

E-print Network

of growth in the government labor force, these policies have encouraged queuing for government jobs of the market for educated labor in Egypt, namely queuing for public sector jobs, which leads to unemploymentThe Effects of Public Sector Hiring and Compensation Policies on the Egyptian Labor Market Ragui

Levinson, David M.

164

Public Opinion in Puerto Rico on Alcohol Control Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the first study to assess public opinion of alcohol policies in Puerto Rico. In 2001, a telephone survey of 514 adults on the island assessed levels of support for 20 alcohol control policies covering five domains: (a) raising alcohol taxes, (b) restricting alcohol consumption in public places, (c) punishing adult providers…

Harwood, Eileen M.; Bernat, Debra H.; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Vazquez, Mary Jo; Wagenaar, Alexander C.

2004-01-01

165

MasterofPublicPolicy(MPP) About the MPP Program  

E-print Network

program at the Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy afforded me a high-quality education is assigned a research advisor and an advisory committee. The school's scholarly work includes: public process, and trade and immigration policy). Students entering the program are required to participate in the

Saskatchewan, University of

166

Journal of Public Policy http://journals.cambridge.org/PUP  

E-print Network

of Public Policy: Email alerts: Click here Subscriptions: Click here Commercial reprints: Click here Terms the influence and power of non-governmental actors on public policy. Although influence is very difficult that the difficulties with power and influence concern not only their operationalisation, but they also reflect

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

167

Familism and Equal Opportunity as Bases for Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines two myths that are popular in the United States: 1) public policy proposals of the last few decades have been attempts to make real the promises held out by the American Dream of equal opportunity for all citizens, and 2) that public policy is formulated for the happy child-centered, nuclear family. (Author/RK)

Bouma, Gary D.; Dixon, Beverly R.

1978-01-01

168

Environment and economy: Property rights and public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

For much of its history, environmental economics has sought to modify public policy in order to achieve efficient use and management of environmental resources. The results of this attempt, however, have been dismaying for the most part, and environment public policy continues to differ from the course of action prescribed by economic analysis. Some economists have begun to acknowledge that

D. W. Bromley

1991-01-01

169

Risk in Public Policy Making: A Neglected Issue in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue for greater recognition of the risky nature of most policy decisions. In this context we discuss the gulf between public risk perceptions and attitudes and those of 'experts'. Public views of risk are often inconsistent and seemingly irrational. They nevertheless influence policy choices in a democracy. On the other hand, experts often claim unjustifiable levels of confidence in

J. Brian Hardaker; Euan M. Fleming; Gudbrand D. Lien

2008-01-01

170

Public Policy and Teacher Education in Brazil after 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present research investigates public policy concerning teacher education in Brazil. It is a critical rereading of historical documents focusing on laws, legal documents, projects, institutional and public policies and teaching careers developed by the Brazilian state, as well as social and scientific organisations. Emphasis is given to current…

Guimaraes, Selva

2012-01-01

171

Public opinion and foreign policy: The effects of celebrity endorsements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Celebrities often use their popularity to advance international causes, but do they have an effect on public opinion regarding foreign policy? This study uses an experimental method to test whether a statement by Bono of the rock band U2 regarding a fictional foreign policy crisis influences public opinion more than a traditional political elite. Experimental participants were less likely to

Craig Frizzell

2011-01-01

172

Physical inactivity as a policy problem: applying a concept from policy analysis to a public health issue  

PubMed Central

Despite the recent rapid development of policies to counteract physical inactivity (PI), only a small number of systematic analyses on the evolution of these policies exists. In this article we analyze how PI, as a public health issue, “translates” into a policy-making issue. First, we discuss why PI has become an increasingly important public health issue during the last two decades. We then follow Guy Peters and conceptualize PI as a “policy problem” that has the potential to be linked to policy instruments and policy impact. Analysis indicates that PI is a policy problem that i) is chronic in nature; ii) involves a high degree of political complexity; iii) can be disaggregated into smaller scales; iv) is addressed through interventions that can be difficult to “sell” to the public when their benefits are not highly divisible; v) cannot be solved by government spending alone; vi) must be addressed through a broad scope of activities; and vii) involves interdependencies among both multiple sectors and levels of government. We conclude that the new perspective on PI proposed in this article might be useful and important for i) describing and mapping policies to counteract PI in different contexts; ii) evaluating whether or not existing policy instruments are appropriate to the policy problem of PI, and iii) explaining the factors and processes that underlie policy development and implementation. More research is warranted in all these areas. In particular, we propose to focus on comparative analyses of how the problem of PI is defined and tackled in different contexts, and on the identification of truly effective policy instruments that are designed to “solve” the PI policy problem. PMID:23496998

2013-01-01

173

Inviting Policy Development: From Public Relations to Public Creations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inviting policy development is an attempt to cordially summon those who are involved and affected by rules, codes, and procedures to understand and participate in the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of policies. This paper first presents criteria for an invitational framework for policy development and then goes on to discuss the…

Webster, Sheila J.; Novak, John M.

174

Population Composition, Public Policy, and the Genetics of Smoking*  

PubMed Central

In this paper we explore the effect public policy on the extent to which genes may influence smoking desistance. Using a sample of adult twins (nmz=363, ndz=233) from a large population registry, we estimate Cox proportional hazards models that describe similarity in the timing of smoking desistance among adult twin pairs and we show that identical twin pairs are significantly more likely to quit smoking within a similar time frame compared to fraternal twin pairs. Importantly, we then show that genetic factors for smoking desistance increase in importance following restrictive legislation on smoking behaviors that occurred in the early and mid 1970s. These findings support the social push perspective and make important contributions to the social demography and genetic epidemiology of smoking as well as to the gene-environment interaction literatures. PMID:21845502

Boardman, Jason D.; Blalock, Casey L.; Pampel, Fred C.; Hatemi, Peter K.; Heath, Andrew C.; Eaves, Lindon J.

2012-01-01

175

June 22, 2012 [Swansea University Campus Mosque Media Relations] 1 Publication Policy | Swansea University Campus Mosque  

E-print Network

the Media and Digital Marketing Office should ensure that the image of the Campus Mosque as an importantJune 22, 2012 [Swansea University Campus Mosque ­ Media Relations] 1 Publication Policy | Swansea University Campus Mosque ­ MEDIA RELATIONS Policy Statement Media Relations are managed by the University

Martin, Ralph R.

176

Problem Solving and Creativity in Public Policy Courses: Promoting Interest and Civic Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the impact of problem-solving and creativity exercises on student interest in public policy making and behavior related to civic engagement. Researchers have long described policy making as a function of problem solving. Creativity has also been identified as an important component of the process. While these skills are…

Wukich, Clayton; Siciliano, Michael D.

2014-01-01

177

Center for Urban Policy Research Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy  

E-print Network

Public Finance Data Base Data Base Derived from NJ State Government and US Census Sources for Policy............................................................................3 -The Future--Property Tax Reform for New Jersey and the Local Public Finance Data Base

Goodman, Robert M.

178

Tobacco industry tactics for resisting public policy on health.  

PubMed

The tactics used by the tobacco industry to resist government regulation of its products include conducting public relations campaigns, buying scientific and other expertise to create controversy about established facts, funding political parties, hiring lobbyists to influence policy, using front groups and allied industries to oppose tobacco control measures, pre-empting strong legislation by pressing for the adoption of voluntary codes or weaker laws, and corrupting public officials. Formerly secret internal tobacco industry documents provide evidence of a 50-year conspiracy to "resist smoking restrictions, restore smoker confidence and preserve product liability defence". The documents reveal industry-wide collusion on legal, political and socially important issues to the tobacco industry and clearly demonstrate that the industry is not disposed to act ethically or responsibly. Societal action is therefore required to ensure that the public health takes precedence over corporate profits. Recommendations for reducing the political influence of the tobacco industry include the following. Every tobacco company in every market should publicly disclose what it knew about the addictiveness and harm caused by tobacco, when it obtained this information, and what it did about it. The industry should be required to guarantee internationally recognized basic consumer rights to its customers. Trade associations and other industry groupings established to deceive the public should be disbanded. These recommendations should be incorporated into WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. PMID:10994263

Saloojee, Y; Dagli, E

2000-01-01

179

[Disability, public policies and bioethics: the perception of public administrators and legal counselors].  

PubMed

A descriptive study of the perception of public administrators and counselors regarding disability was conducted on the basis of bioethical reflections on human rights. The survey involved 50 participants, divided into two groups: 29 counselors on the rights of disabled people and 21 specialists in public policies and government administration. The data obtained was submitted to descriptive statistical analysis. In general, the results showed that for counselors disability is a social issue and should be shared by society, whereas for public administrators it is predominantly a personal tragedy limited to the individual and family sphere. It is considered that this differentiated view arises from different perspectives regarding the allocation of public resources. It is also necessary to stress the importance of living with a disability, or living with people with disabilities, to base the assessment of quality and satisfaction with life experienced by people with disabilities and contribute to the elaboration of public policies. Similar studies with more comprehensive and diversified samples are recommended, as well as the adoption of participative and qualitative methodologies. PMID:22996894

Bernardes, Liliane Cristina Gonçalves; de Araújo, Tereza Cristina Cavalcanti Ferreira

2012-09-01

180

The Texas Public Education Challenge. Policy Brief No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first in a trilogy of policy briefs discussing public education and taxes. This brief discusses the challenge facing Texas in funding public education. This brief also explains why the Texas Supreme Court's recent decision in "West Orange-Cove II" requires increased state appropriations for public education.

Center for Public Policy Priorities, 2006

2006-01-01

181

Public ecology: an environmental science and policy for global society  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public ecology exists at the interface of science and policy. Public ecology is an approach to environmental inquiry and decision making that does not expect scientific knowledge to be perfect or complete. Rather, public ecology requires that science be produced in collaboration with a wide variety of stakeholders in order to construct a body of knowledge that will reflect the

David P. Robertson; R. Bruce Hull

2003-01-01

182

Identifying the science and technology dimensions of emerging public policy issues through horizon scanning.  

PubMed

Public policy requires public support, which in turn implies a need to enable the public not just to understand policy but also to be engaged in its development. Where complex science and technology issues are involved in policy making, this takes time, so it is important to identify emerging issues of this type and prepare engagement plans. In our horizon scanning exercise, we used a modified Delphi technique. A wide group of people with interests in the science and policy interface (drawn from policy makers, policy adviser, practitioners, the private sector and academics) elicited a long list of emergent policy issues in which science and technology would feature strongly and which would also necessitate public engagement as policies are developed. This was then refined to a short list of top priorities for policy makers. Thirty issues were identified within broad areas of business and technology; energy and environment; government, politics and education; health, healthcare, population and aging; information, communication, infrastructure and transport; and public safety and national security. PMID:24879444

Parker, Miles; Acland, Andrew; Armstrong, Harry J; Bellingham, Jim R; Bland, Jessica; Bodmer, Helen C; Burall, Simon; Castell, Sarah; Chilvers, Jason; Cleevely, David D; Cope, David; Costanzo, Lucia; Dolan, James A; Doubleday, Robert; Feng, Wai Yi; Godfray, H Charles J; Good, David A; Grant, Jonathan; Green, Nick; Groen, Arnoud J; Guilliams, Tim T; Gupta, Sunjai; Hall, Amanda C; Heathfield, Adam; Hotopp, Ulrike; Kass, Gary; Leeder, Tim; Lickorish, Fiona A; Lueshi, Leila M; Magee, Chris; Mata, Tiago; McBride, Tony; McCarthy, Natasha; Mercer, Alan; Neilson, Ross; Ouchikh, Jackie; Oughton, Edward J; Oxenham, David; Pallett, Helen; Palmer, James; Patmore, Jeff; Petts, Judith; Pinkerton, Jan; Ploszek, Richard; Pratt, Alan; Rocks, Sophie A; Stansfield, Neil; Surkovic, Elizabeth; Tyler, Christopher P; Watkinson, Andrew R; Wentworth, Jonny; Willis, Rebecca; Wollner, Patrick K A; Worts, Kim; Sutherland, William J

2014-01-01

183

Identifying the Science and Technology Dimensions of Emerging Public Policy Issues through Horizon Scanning  

PubMed Central

Public policy requires public support, which in turn implies a need to enable the public not just to understand policy but also to be engaged in its development. Where complex science and technology issues are involved in policy making, this takes time, so it is important to identify emerging issues of this type and prepare engagement plans. In our horizon scanning exercise, we used a modified Delphi technique [1]. A wide group of people with interests in the science and policy interface (drawn from policy makers, policy adviser, practitioners, the private sector and academics) elicited a long list of emergent policy issues in which science and technology would feature strongly and which would also necessitate public engagement as policies are developed. This was then refined to a short list of top priorities for policy makers. Thirty issues were identified within broad areas of business and technology; energy and environment; government, politics and education; health, healthcare, population and aging; information, communication, infrastructure and transport; and public safety and national security. PMID:24879444

Parker, Miles; Acland, Andrew; Armstrong, Harry J.; Bellingham, Jim R.; Bland, Jessica; Bodmer, Helen C.; Burall, Simon; Castell, Sarah; Chilvers, Jason; Cleevely, David D.; Cope, David; Costanzo, Lucia; Dolan, James A.; Doubleday, Robert; Feng, Wai Yi; Godfray, H. Charles J.; Good, David A.; Grant, Jonathan; Green, Nick; Groen, Arnoud J.; Guilliams, Tim T.; Gupta, Sunjai; Hall, Amanda C.; Heathfield, Adam; Hotopp, Ulrike; Kass, Gary; Leeder, Tim; Lickorish, Fiona A.; Lueshi, Leila M.; Magee, Chris; Mata, Tiago; McBride, Tony; McCarthy, Natasha; Mercer, Alan; Neilson, Ross; Ouchikh, Jackie; Oughton, Edward J.; Oxenham, David; Pallett, Helen; Palmer, James; Patmore, Jeff; Petts, Judith; Pinkerton, Jan; Ploszek, Richard; Pratt, Alan; Rocks, Sophie A.; Stansfield, Neil; Surkovic, Elizabeth; Tyler, Christopher P.; Watkinson, Andrew R.; Wentworth, Jonny; Willis, Rebecca; Wollner, Patrick K. A.; Worts, Kim; Sutherland, William J.

2014-01-01

184

Important Notice: Implementation of the New NSF Cost Sharing Policy  

NSF Publications Database

... gov/bfa/cpo/policy/start.htm>. The new policy is effective immediately and will be incorporated as ... any questions regarding the policy should be directed to policy@nsf.gov>. Rita R. Colwell Director ...

185

Public policy and the supply of food  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current policies and programs affecting the supply of food are examined and options assessed for changes that would help generate a food supply consistent with the US population eating according to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Potential policy and program changes are identified in three categories: eliminating existing domestic farm and trade program limitations on the US food supply; creating

Keith Collins

1999-01-01

186

Public Diplomacy and Strategic Communication: Cultures, Firewalls, and Imported Norms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses public diplomacy and strategic communication to describe an instrument of statecraft that embraces diplomacy, cultural diplomacy, international broadcasting, political communication, democracy building, and open military information operations. Each element is instrumental in its core, but each imports discourse norms requiring limited firewalls to be successful. Because U.S. public diplomacy is characterized by episodic commitment, organizational stovepipes, tribal

Bruce Gregory

187

PublicPolicy RegionalPlanning  

E-print Network

for campus publications dealing with national and international affairs. Develop skills in computers government, campus publications, and community service projects. Take courses in statistics, computer science Marketing/Sales Human Resources Advertising PublicRelations Banking/Finance Retail BROADCAST JOURNALISM News

Escher, Christine

188

Environment and economy: Property rights and public policy  

SciTech Connect

For much of its history, environmental economics has sought to modify public policy in order to achieve efficient use and management of environmental resources. The results of this attempt, however, have been dismaying for the most part, and environment public policy continues to differ from the course of action prescribed by economic analysis. Some economists have begun to acknowledge that the reasons for this gap between economic theory and public policy may lie in environmental economics itself rather than in poor policy choices. That is the message sent in this book by Daniel Bromley, who joins S.V. Ciriacy-Wantrup, Allan Schmid, and others in a strong internal critique of the discipline and, in particular, of the property rights school' of Coase, Demsetz, and other advocates of the market. Property rights are the common thread of this critique, which blames much of the failure of environmental economics to influence environmental policy on several fundamental misconceptions regarding property.

Bromley, D.J.

1991-01-01

189

Review Article--Towards Equality Through Preferential Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nathan Glazer's book "Affirmative Discrimination: Ethnic Inequality and Public Policy" is reviewed with a focus on the highly divisive nature of redistributive justice in America and its consequences. (DS)

Crowson, Robert L.

1978-01-01

190

Disabilities: Federal and State Public Policy What is disability?  

E-print Network

Disabilities: Federal and State Public Policy What is disability? Disability's right to fully participate in all aspects of American life. Our nation has and/or physical impairments, manifested before age 22. What is disability

Bordenstein, Seth

191

On the Front Lines of Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

UM Law students get in the thick of tobacco policy, international terrorism regulations, drug treatment, even the mundane yet complex rules of homeowners' associations. The lives they change, now and in the jobs they secure, reach well beyond their own.

Marlene England

2004-01-01

192

Midnight Dumping: Public Policies and Illegal Disposal of Used Oil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many public policies for hazardous waste raise the costs of legal disposal. Concerned about substitution of illegal disposal, economists have instead recommended policies that reward desirable waste management alternatives. This article studies the empirical determinants of dumping as reported to the U.S. Emergency Response Notification Systems (ERNS). It analyzes the frequency of used oil dumping using count-data models. The results

Hilary Sigman

1998-01-01

193

Public Policy for the Private Sector: World Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Public Policy for the Private Sector_ is a quarterly journal published by the World Bank's Finance, Private Sector, and Infrastructure Network (FPSI). Recently, new documents concerning Finance, Water, and Post-Privatization Performance have been added to this ongoing collection of policy and case study notes.

194

Child Development and Public Policy: Toward a Dynamic Systems Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that dynamic systems theories may illuminate processes whereby public policy influences child development and highlight gaps in current relevant research. Discusses five principles of dynamic systems theories using examples from research addressing effects of current antipoverty and welfare policies on children. Concludes by suggesting…

Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Hsueh, JoAnn

2001-01-01

195

Youth participation in public policy at the municipal level  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people should participate in public policy at the municipal level. But because mass media, social science, and professional practice tend to emphasize the deficiencies and disengagement of young people, there is need for more knowledge of their resources and roles as active participants in the policy process. This paper examines the San Francisco Youth Commission as an example of

Barry Checkoway; Tanene Allison; Colleen Montoya

2005-01-01

196

Public Opinion, Partisan Identification, and Higher Education Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article takes the stated political preferences of party elites in recent debates as a starting point for identifying the relationship between party identification and policy preferences among the public as a whole. The key question is: Do individuals from different parties have different preferences when it comes to higher education policy?…

Doyle, William R.

2007-01-01

197

GLOBAL PUBLIC POLICY 2011-2012 concentration information  

E-print Network

5522 Intl Development Policy: Families and Health Friedemann-Sánchez (3cr) PA 5414 Child Labor/Diplomacy PA 5452 Immigration and Public Policy HIST 5881 American Foreign Relations to 1895 LAW 6602 International Law LAW 6861 Transnational Legal Fields and their Impacts in States: The US/World International

Levinson, David M.

198

Is Public Discourse about Language Policy Really Public Discourse about Immigration? A Corpus-Based Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pluralist narrative of language policies suggests that language policies are influenced by public perceptions of immigrants (Darder 2004; Gonzalez 2000; Pavlenko 2002; Valdes 1997). This paper investigates the relationship between newspaper discourse about language policies and newspaper discourse about immigration. It asks how much key,…

Fitzsimmons-Doolan, Shannon

2009-01-01

199

Use of evidence to support healthy public policy: a policy effectiveness-feasibility loop  

PubMed Central

Abstract Public policy plays a key role in improving population health and in the control of diseases, including non-communicable diseases. However, an evidence-based approach to formulating healthy public policy has been difficult to implement, partly on account of barriers that hinder integrated work between researchers and policy-makers. This paper describes a “policy effectiveness–feasibility loop” (PEFL) that brings together epidemiological modelling, local situation analysis and option appraisal to foster collaboration between researchers and policy-makers. Epidemiological modelling explores the determinants of trends in disease and the potential health benefits of modifying them. Situation analysis investigates the current conceptualization of policy, the level of policy awareness and commitment among key stakeholders, and what actually happens in practice, thereby helping to identify policy gaps. Option appraisal integrates epidemiological modelling and situation analysis to investigate the feasibility, costs and likely health benefits of various policy options. The authors illustrate how PEFL was used in a project to inform public policy for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes in four parts of the eastern Mediterranean. They conclude that PEFL may offer a useful framework for researchers and policy-makers to successfully work together to generate evidence-based policy, and they encourage further evaluation of this approach. PMID:23226897

Bowman, Sarah; Critchley, Julia; Capewell, Simon; Husseini, Abdullatif; Maziak, Wasim; Zaman, Shahaduz; Ben Romdhane, Habiba; Fouad, Fouad; Phillimore, Peter; Unal, Belgin; Khatib, Rana; Shoaibi, Azza; Ahmad, Balsam

2012-01-01

200

Developing Stakeholder Involvement for Introducing Public Health Genomics into Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health genomics (PHG) relies on developing knowledge from a variety of natural and social science research disciplines to shape public policies, health policy, education and training, and direct outreach to organisations and the population at large. All of these components rely on the involvement of stakeholders who, because of the diverse groups involved, will have a wide range of

H. Burton; M. Adams; R. Bunton; P. Schröder-Bäck

2009-01-01

201

AIDS, policy analysis, and the electorate: the role of schools of public health.  

PubMed Central

Current debates concerning appropriate policy to combat the epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have raised critical questions regarding the role that schools of public health and individual public health professionals should play, if any, in AIDS-related policy analysis and social advocacy. In the summer of 1986, the School of Public Health at the University of California at Berkeley initiated a telegram sent by the Deans of all 23 schools of public health to protest US Department of Justice AIDS policy and, in the subsequent fall, the school expanded its public educational role in an unprecedented manner by initiating and issuing, with California's other three schools of public health, a policy analysis of Proposition 64, the LaRouche AIDS Quarantine Initiative. That analysis exposed the proposition's fallacious claims regarding casual transmission of AIDS and served to educate the electorate on the likely public health impact of this deleterious legislation. Based on these experiences, and in light of ongoing national controversy regarding AIDS, we believe schools of public health have an important role to play in policy analysis, and individual public health professionals have a role to play in social advocacy. PMID:3348472

Krieger, N; Lashof, J C

1988-01-01

202

Government information policy research: Importance, approaches, and realities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information policy research is a critical tool in the arsenal of library and information science researchers. As developments occur in information access, use, technology, and management, information policies require more attention and research. The article describes the nature of government information policy and policy research, characteristics of policy research, and examples of research methods and approaches that can be used.

Charles R. McClure; Paul T. Jaeger

2008-01-01

203

Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies, 1994. [National Public Policy Education Conference (44th, Boise, Idaho, September 18-21, 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Public Policy Education Conference is held annually to improve the policy education efforts of extension workers responsible for public affairs programs. The 1994 conference addressed the following topics: (1) ethical perspectives in public policy education; (2) transition of food and agricultural policy; (3) building human…

Halbrook, Steve A., Ed.; Grace, Teddee E., Ed.

204

Kitzmiller v. Dover: A Public Policy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intelligent Design Movement has attempted to infuse Intelligent Design into the curriculum of public schools ever since the Edwards decision, which ruled that "creation science" was a violation of the the "Establishment Clause. Kitzmiller v. Dover" was the first legal case to challenge the teaching of Intelligent Design in public schools. In…

Hayashi, Adam

2010-01-01

205

Essays on Public Documents and Government Policies (2).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight essays address a range of topics including government serials and economic analysis, crime statistics and the F.B.I., nuclear holocaust and public policy, the history of the Center for Short-Lived Phenomena, Congressman William Steiger and the Congressional Record, and the public papers of Richard Nixon. (EM)

Morehead, Joe

1986-01-01

206

Geneticists' views on science policy formation and public outreach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though much research about the public's views of scientists, genetic research and its moral, ethical, and social implications exists, little has been done to investigate how scientists view their own role(s) in public discussions and policy formation related to genetic research and technologies. We interviewed 20 academic geneticists in the United States about their perceptions of the roles they and

Debra J. H. Mathews; Andrea Kalfoglou; Kathy Hudson

2005-01-01

207

The Public Sector Reform Movement: Mapping the Global Policy Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public sector reform in both developed and developing countries has now become a routine matter of public policy—reform is almost continuous, if not always successful. While the role of international transfer agents such as the World Bank and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) in promoting reforms has often been noted, there has been no comprehensive mapping of

Leslie A. Pal; Derek Ireland

2009-01-01

208

Trends Impacting Public Policy Support for Caregiving Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policy aimed at supporting the caregiving capacity of families has risen to prominence on the public agenda in the United States. Initiatives at the state and federal levels have created some initial services. Three trends that are pushing the issue of family caregiving to the surface are discussed, including large-scale social,…

Singer, George H. S.; Biegel, David E.; Ethridge, Brandy L.

2010-01-01

209

DANIEL A. MAZMANIAN Sol Price School of Public Policy  

E-print Network

DANIEL A. MAZMANIAN Sol Price School of Public Policy The University of Southern California Los, Pomona College 1970-1974 Research Associate, The Brookings Institution PUBLICATIONS Daniel A. Mazmanian, Ye Qi, Daniel Guttman, Kejun, Daniel Mazmanian, Shiqiu Zhang, Jungie Zhang, Gail Osherenko, R

McLeod, Dennis

210

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy is sponsored by a range of international organizations, including the World Bank and the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance. The primary directive of the Centre's website is "to facilitate policy learning through the international exchange of knowledge and information concerning public policy and career development issues." On their site, visitors can look over sections titled "Policy & Research", "Symposia", "Forums", and "Resources". A good way to get started is to check out the "Policy & Research" area. Here visitors can find information about topics that include the Centre's work on expanding access to educational guidance, improving career information, and assessing educational effectiveness in partner countries. After that, visitors can look through the "Categories" listing on the left side of the homepage to look for materials on everything from "Algeria" to "Training and Qualifications".

211

Masters in Public Policy UTD ID: Sem  

E-print Network

CRIM 6309 Communities and Crime CRIM 6310 Delinquency and Juvenile Justice CRIM 6311 Crime and Justice Criminology CRIM 6305 Law and Social Control CRIM 6307 Extent of Crime and Criminals CRIM 6308 Victimology Policy CRIM 6317 Courts CRIM 6322 Crime Prevention CRIM 6324 Correlates of Crime and Justice Domestic

O'Toole, Alice J.

212

Improving Accountability in Public Education. Policy Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one in a series of policy briefs on key education issues prepared by the RAND Corporation for the Obama administration. The accountability systems put in place by No Child Left Behind have not produced enough improvement to meet the goal of all students meeting proficiency standards by 2014. While the current accountability system has…

Stecher, Brian; Li, Jennifer

2009-01-01

213

Defining Cable Television: Structuration and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests Anthony Giddens' theory of "structuration" offers a framework for the study of social activity that will help analyze the process of reification. Demonstrates the usefulness of structuration to policy analysis and explores the evolution and consequences of definitions of cable television prior to the "blue sky" era. (MS)

Parsons, Patrick R.

1989-01-01

214

1 Introduction: Public policy making in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forest protection and natural resource management are a priority in inter- national and German cooperation with Brazil due to the extent and the rich biodiversity of its rainforests which make their preservation an issue of global relevance. In order to support Brazilian efforts in this policy area, the Pilot Programme to Conserve the Brazilian Rainforests (PPG7) was created in the

Imme Scholz; Regine Schönenberg

2005-01-01

215

Sex Crimes, Children, and Pornography: Public Views and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Get tough" approaches for responding to sex crimes have proliferated during the past decade. Child pornography in particular has garnered attention in recent years. Policy makers increasingly have emphasized incarceration as a response to such crime, including accessing child pornography. Juxtaposed against such efforts is a dearth of knowledge…

Mears, Daniel P.; Mancini, Christina; Gertz, Marc; Bratton, Jake

2008-01-01

216

ERC policy statement on LNG imports. [Energy Resources Council LNG policy study  

Microsoft Academic Search

USA energy policy considerations by the Energy Resources Council (ERC) are reviewed. The risks of dependence, supply disruption, and arbitrary price hikes should be minimized by the recommendation that LNG imports from a single country be limited to 0.8 to 1.0 Tcf\\/yr for national security reasons and total LNG imports to about 2 Tcf\\/yr. These recommendations are based on diversification

Zarb

1976-01-01

217

Essays in social choice and public policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Information is claimed to be a necessary element in order to facilitate vote trading. In this dissertation I test for the effect of information on vote trading, coalition size and legislative behavior. Using a difference in differences approach to measure the impact of information on coalition size I find support for Professor Riker's claim that coalition size falls as information improves. I also discover that legislators abstain strategically when the secret vote is no longer available. I use a Fixed Effects model to test for the effects of information on spending and logrolling. My results indicate that spending does indeed increase after the improvement in information. Finally, using an industry level model, I simulate the impact of various policy tools on the price of renewable energy. My results indicate that no single policy tool can offer wind energy the aid it needs in order to compete in our deregulated energy markets.

Harris, Francis William

2000-10-01

218

The Texas Public Education Challenge. Texas Trilogy on Public Education and Taxes. Policy Brief No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first in a trilogy of policy briefs discussing public education and taxes. This brief discusses the challenge facing Texas in funding public education. It also explains why the Texas Supreme Court's recent decision in "West Orange-Cove II" requires increased state appropriations for public education.

McCown, F. Scott

2006-01-01

219

A Rhetoric of Public Theology: The Religious Rhetoric and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies a rhetoric of public theology that is specifically targeted for mass audiences in an attempt to influence religious and secular publics on public policy. Argues that such a rhetoric differs markedly from that of civil religion and displays three characteristics: expedient simplicity, existential content, and action rituals. (JD)

Goldzwig, Steven

1987-01-01

220

Centre for Population, Poverty, and Public Policy Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the International Networks for Studies in Technology, Environment, Alternatives Development (INSTEAD) in Luxembourg, the Centre for Population, Poverty, and Public Policy Studies (CEPS) studies and develops microdatabases in order to develop "instruments for analysing, programming and simulating socio-economic policies." CEPS/INSTEAD is home to such studies as the Luxembourg Income Study and the Luxembourg Employment Study (these two studies were reviewed in the February 12, 1998 and the July 15, 1999 Scout Report for Business and Economics, respectively) as well as several other databases and studies. The Panel Comparability Project (PACO), for example, is a "centralised approach to create an international comparative database integrating micro-data from various national household panels over a large number of years." The database contains information on countries including France, Germany, Poland, Spain, Luxembourg, the UK, and the US, and data may be compared by households and individuals, by year or by longitudinal information. Each study is accompanied by a collection of related working papers. The site also contains a small but important links page, as well as information on CEPS/INSTEAD.

221

Tobacco sampling, public policy and the law.  

PubMed

Cigarette and snuff sampling is a rapidly growing form of tobacco promotion. This article advocates prohibiting tobacco sampling in view of the unique public health risk provoked by sampling. Smokers begin their smoking careers as children, and children are recipients of tobacco samples. Sampling encourages tobacco experimentation, which often produces an addiction similar to morphine and cocaine; the public is generally unaware of the extreme risk of addiction. A recent Supreme Court opinion (Posadas) makes it clear that cigarette advertising can be outlawed. Furthermore, Congress, through the Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act and Smokeless Tobacco Education Act, has not preempted or removed the power of states to ban sampling. PMID:3794264

Garner, D W

1986-01-01

222

The place of public inquiries in shaping New Zealand's national mental health policy 1858-1996  

PubMed Central

Background This paper discusses the role of public inquiries as an instrument of public policy-making in New Zealand, using mental health as a case study. The main part of the paper analyses the processes and outcomes of five general inquiries into the state of New Zealand's mental health services that were held between 1858 and 1996. Results The membership, form, style and processes used by public inquiries have all changed over time in line with constitutional and social trends. So has the extent of public participation. The records of five inquiries provide periodic snapshots of a system bedevilled by long-standing problems such as unacceptable standards, under-resourcing, and poor co-ordination. Demands for an investigation no less than the reports and recommendations of public inquiries have been the catalyst of some important policy changes, if not immediately, then by creating a climate of opinion that supported later change. Inquiries played a significant role in establishing lunatic asylums, in shaping the structure of mental health legislation, establishing and maintaining a national mental health bureaucracy within the machinery of government, and in paving the way for deinstitutionalisation. Ministers and their departmental advisers have mediated this contribution. Conclusion Public inquiries have helped shape New Zealand's mental health policy, both directly and indirectly, at different stages of evolution. In both its advisory and investigative forms, the public inquiry remains an important tool of public administration. The inquiry/cause and policy/effect relationship is not necessarily immediate but may facilitate changes in public opinion with corresponding policy outcomes long after any direct causal link could be determined. When considered from that long-term perspective, the five inquiries can be linked to several significant and long-term contributions to mental health policy in New Zealand. PMID:16216131

Brunton, Warwick

2005-01-01

223

HUBERT H. HUMPHREY SOCIAL POLICY & POLICY ANALYSIS SCHOOL OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS AREA CHAIR: JOE SOSS  

E-print Network

Page 1/2 HUBERT H. HUMPHREY SOCIAL POLICY & POLICY ANALYSIS SCHOOL OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS AREA CHAIR of interest could be on health, labor, education, the environment, racial and ethnic disparities, agriculture or other relevant areas. Past experience suggests that there is a strong market for people with advanced

Levinson, David M.

224

The Capitalist State and Public Policy Formation. Framework for a Political Sociology of Educational Policy Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that public policy formation cannot be understood without a consistent theory of the capitalist state and politics. This is particularly true with respect to education policies. Expanding capital accumulation and increasing the legitimation of the entire mode of production seem to be the principal roles of the capitalist state, a role that is in perpetual tension. Coming

Carlos Alberto Torres

1989-01-01

225

Time, Complex Systems, and Public Policy: A Theoretical Foundation for Adaptive Policy Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can public policy development and implementation be improved by closely tracking and coordinating its timing with that of the regulated sector? Built-in asynchronies between political process and regulated sectors or activities can produce unintended disruptions in rates of economic change and development undermining the original intent of the policy or regulatory action. Such events sometimes lead to unexpected future disruptions

Gus Koehler

2003-01-01

226

Public Policy and Children’s Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television occupies a large part of children’s time from an early age. Among its many functions, education, social learning (prosocial as well as antisocial), and selling products are well documented by research evidence. Commercial programming for children in the United States consists primarily of cartoons and entertainment shows; educational and informative programs are supplied by public broadcasting and, to some

Aletha C. Huston; Bruce A. Watkins; Dale Kunkel

1989-01-01

227

Private Vocational Schools and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Vocational Education Act of 1963 allows public agencies to purchase the services of private vocational schools on a contractual basis where such schools can make a significant contribution to attaining the objectives of the state plan for vocational education and provide substantially equivalent training at a lower cost or can provide…

Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ. Education Policy Research Institute.

228

THE UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PUBLICATION POLICY  

E-print Network

of Public Affairs 339 W. Boyd St. Norman, OK 73019-5143 pubsreview@ou.edu (405) 325-1701 College, especially those for external distribution to alumni, prospective students and general audiences. Scholarly journals are exempt. 2. Academic bulletins and departmental brochures. 3. Recruitment materials

Oklahoma, University of

229

78 FR 64194 - Revocation of Statement of Policy on Public Participation in Rulemaking  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...0503-AA51] Revocation of Statement of Policy on Public Participation in Rulemaking...ACTION: Revocation of Statement of Policy...USDA) is revoking the Statement of Policy titled ``Public Participation in...

2013-10-28

230

Brookings Institution: Initiative on Business and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The focus on the Brooking Institution's Initiative on Business and Public Policy is to provide "analytical research and constructive recommendations on public policy issues affecting the business sector in the United States and around the world." The Initiative is primarily concerned with working in the areas of financial reform and competitiveness. Scholars, policy analysts, and others can click through the site to look at their latest policy briefs, op-ed pieces, and conference proceedings. In terms of thematic offerings, visitors shouldn't miss the "Fixing Finance" series of papers, which include documents such as, "The Origins of the Financial Crisis" and "Regulating Insurance After the Crisis". Also, visitors should look through the "Top Topics" area and sign up to receive their periodic Economic Studies Bulletin via email.

231

Public science policy and administration. [cooperation of government industry, foundations, and educational institutions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Science, the overwhelming concern of our time, is no longer a matter of private research and development but one of public policy and administration, in which government, industry, foundations, and educational institutions must all work together as never before. Few other single tasks are of such decisive importance to the collective and individual welfare of American citizens as the formulation of public science policy and the administration of scientific programs. Eleven national authorities of varied background in science, education, and government administration contribute their experience and their judgment in an effort to deal with the major aspects of the subject. Their focus is on the meeting of actual problems; they consider the decision making process in both public and public-private organizations. Topics are grouped in three general categories: personnel needs and resources, organizational problems and techniques, and the administrative role in policy leadership.

Rosenthal, A. H. (ed)

1973-01-01

232

Workload Class Importance Policy in Autonomic Database Management Harley Boughton  

E-print Network

resource allocation problems. In this paper, we utilize an economic model to map business policies to realizing this ability is the problem of automatically translating high-level business policies into low Computing Systems will be their ability to manage according to business policies. A key challenge

233

Policy Improvement for POMDPs using Normalized Importance Sampling  

E-print Network

Intelligence Lab Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139 cshelton@ai.mit.edu Abstract We­ perience to be gathered from arbitrary se­ quences of policies, and estimates the return for any new policy using data gathered while executing a fixed policy. In this pa­ per we consider the case where

Shelton, Christian R.

234

Policy Improvement for POMDPs using Normalized Importance Sampling  

E-print Network

Intelligence Lab Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139 cshelton@ai.mit.edu Abstract We- perience to be gathered from arbitrary se- quences of policies, and estimates the return for any new policy using data gathered while executing a fixed policy. In this pa- per we consider the case where

Shelton, Christian R.

235

Robert D. Burch Center for Tax Policy and Public Finance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An affiliate of the Institute of Business and Economic Research at the University of California, Berkeley, the Robert D. Burch Center for Tax Policy and Public Finance aims to promote, disseminate, and stimulate "informed discussion of tax policies of national significance." The site hosts Burch Center Working Papers in full-text (1995-present) in addition to recent conference paper abstracts, course syllabi, and Matlab generational accounting programs and data for the calculation of tax burdens on future generations (in compressed file format).

1969-12-31

236

Urban revitalization and displacement: types, causes, and public policy  

SciTech Connect

The policy research report reviews the scholarly and print media literatures on urban revitalization. The extent of revitalization; the incumbent or occupant upgrading; gentrification (displacement of low- and moderate-income households by better-off households); gentrification and displacement from all causes; and the role of powerful actors in revitalization are discussed. Public policy dealing with land use and development in urban areas is discussed. Future research needs are indicated.

Feagin, J.R.

1981-05-01

237

Policy feedbacks and the impact of policy designs on public opinion.  

PubMed

A recently developed analytic approach--policy feedback effects--provides health policy analysts with a crucial new tool for understanding the politics of health policy. Three cases--senior citizens' opposition to the Obama health care reform, tax breaks for employer-provided health insurance, and the Medicare Part D prescription drug program--demonstrate how policy designs affect subsequent policy outcomes. To differing degrees, the three cases show how public policies can create constituencies with particular understandings of their benefits who attempt to thwart reform; can highlight or reduce the visibility of the government role in health care, shaping attitudes about the worth of government action; and can provide half solutions that fail to maximize beneficiary welfare but that deflate momentum for policy improvements. The cases illustrate a general pattern revealed by wide-ranging research on policy feedback effects: the designs of public policies influence preferences and alter patterns of political mobilization, effects that feed back into the political system, shaping the political environment and the possibilities for future policy making. PMID:22232420

Campbell, Andrea Louise

2011-12-01

238

Anthrax Vaccine and Public Health Policy  

PubMed Central

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has classified Bacillus anthracis, the causative organism of anthrax, as a category A potential bioterrorism agent. There are critical shortcomings in the US anthrax vaccine program. Rather than depending on the private sector, the government must assume direct production of anthrax vaccine. The development of a capacity capable of preemptive immunization of the public against anthrax should be considered. PMID:17901434

Weiss, Martin Meyer; Weiss, Peter D.; Weiss, Joseph B.

2007-01-01

239

Public policy for solar heating and cooling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent analyses indicated that solar heating and cooling systems for residential buildings are nearly economically competitive with conventional fossil fuel or electric systems, the former having higher initial cost but a lower operating cost than the latter. The paper examines obstacles to the widespread acceptance and use of solar space conditioning systems and explores some general policies which could help to overcome them. The discussion covers such institutional barriers limiting the adoption of solar technologies as existing building codes, financing constraints, and organizational structure of the building industry. The potential impact of financial incentives is analyzed. It is noted that a tax incentive of 25% could speed the use of solar energy by 7 to 8 years and produce an 8% reduction in fossil fuel use by 1990. A preliminary incentive package which could be helpful in promoting solar energy both at federal and state levels is proposed, and the necessary incentive level is analysed.

Hirshberg, A. S.

1976-01-01

240

Measuring use of research evidence in public health policy: a policy content analysis  

PubMed Central

Background There are few Australian studies showing how research evidence is used to inform the development of public health policy. International research has shown that compensation for injury rehabilitation can have negative impacts on health outcomes. This study examined transport injury compensation policy in the Australian state of Victoria to: determine type and purpose of reference to information sources; and to identify the extent of reference to academic research evidence in transport related injury rehabilitation compensation policy. Methods Quantitative content analysis of injury rehabilitation compensation policies (N?=?128) from the Victorian state government transport accident compensation authority. Results The most commonly referenced types of information were Internal Policy (median?=?6 references per policy), Clinical/Medical (2.5), and Internal Legislation (1). Academic Research Evidence was the least often referenced source of information. The main purpose of reference to information was to support injury treatment and rehabilitation compensation claims decision-making. Conclusions Transport injury compensation policy development is complex; with multiple sources of information cited including legislation, internal policy, external policy and clinical/medical evidence. There is limited use of academic research evidence in Victorian state government injury treatment and rehabilitation compensation policies. Decisions regarding compensation for injury treatment and rehabilitation services could benefit from greater use of academic research evidence. This study is one of the first to examine the use of research evidence in existing Australian public health policy decision-making using rigorous quantitative methods. It provides a practical example of how use of research evidence in public health policy can be objectively measured. PMID:24886092

2014-01-01

241

Speaking Truth to Power with Powerful Results: Impacting Public Awareness and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This part of the book focuses specifically on the public policy issues of: (a) the ways in which global education funding\\u000a patterns reflect governmental—and perhaps societal—priorities; (b) the role of research ethics boards in enforcing public\\u000a policy norms regarding what is appropriate for science and literacy education research; (c) rules and expectations established\\u000a by national legislative action and by professionalassociations

Mack C. Shelley

242

A model for training public health workers in health policy: the Nebraska Health Policy Academy.  

PubMed

There is growing recognition that health goals are more likely to be achieved and sustained if programs are complemented by appropriate changes in the policies, systems, and environments that shape their communities. However, the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to create and implement policy are among the major needs identified by practitioners at both the state and local levels. This article describes the structure and content of the Nebraska Health Policy Academy (the Academy), a 9-month program developed to meet the demand for this training. The Academy is a competency-based training program that aims to increase the capacity of Nebraska's state and local public health staff and their community partners to use public health policy and law as a public health tool. Our initiative allows for participation across a large, sparsely populated state; is grounded in adult learning theory; introduces the key principles and practices of policy, systems, and environmental change; and is offered free of charge to the state's public health workforce. Challenges and lessons learned when offering workforce development on public health policy efforts are discussed. PMID:24831286

Brandert, Kathleen; McCarthy, Claudine; Grimm, Brandon; Svoboda, Colleen; Palm, David; Stimpson, Jim P

2014-01-01

243

A Model for Training Public Health Workers in Health Policy: the Nebraska Health Policy Academy  

PubMed Central

There is growing recognition that health goals are more likely to be achieved and sustained if programs are complemented by appropriate changes in the policies, systems, and environments that shape their communities. However, the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to create and implement policy are among the major needs identified by practitioners at both the state and local levels. This article describes the structure and content of the Nebraska Health Policy Academy (the Academy), a 9-month program developed to meet the demand for this training. The Academy is a competency-based training program that aims to increase the capacity of Nebraska’s state and local public health staff and their community partners to use public health policy and law as a public health tool. Our initiative allows for participation across a large, sparsely populated state; is grounded in adult learning theory; introduces the key principles and practices of policy, systems, and environmental change; and is offered free of charge to the state’s public health workforce. Challenges and lessons learned when offering workforce development on public health policy efforts are discussed. PMID:24831286

Brandert, Kathleen; McCarthy, Claudine; Grimm, Brandon; Svoboda, Colleen; Palm, David

2014-01-01

244

Visitor management policy of national parks, national wildlife areas and refuges in Canada and the united states: A policy analysis of public documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The published visitor management policies of national parks, national wildlife areas and refuges in Canada and the United States are important components of the overall management system. This paper analyses how the visitor management policies that apply to all units operated by each agency compare to each other and compare to an ideal framework, using data from publicly?available sources. Analysis

Kristine E. Hyslop; Paul F. J. Eagles

2007-01-01

245

School Food Environments and Policies in US Public Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE.The purpose of this study was to describe school food environments and policies in US public schools and how they vary according to school characteristics. METHODS.We analyzed cross-sectional data from the third School Nutrition and Di- etary Assessment study by using a nationally representative sample of 395 US public schools in 129 school districts in 38 states. These 2005 data

Daniel M. Finkelstein; Elaine L. Hill; Robert C. Whitaker

2010-01-01

246

Frederick Mayer & Alex Pfaff Fall 2008 PPS 501: Political Economy of Public Policy  

E-print Network

J. Gruber, 2005. Public Finance and Public Policy. Chapters 5 & 6 on externalities J. Hindriks and G Failure III: Public Goods & The Commons (Pfaff) Readings: J. Gruber, 2005. Public Finance and Public

Pfaff, Alex

247

Career Development and Public Policy in France.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three conditions characterize employment in France today: (1) high unemployment; (2) the importance of degrees in employment; and (3) significant differences between the sexes. The differences between national government initiatives and regional issues also are of concern. The main strategic issues facing career development focus on reducing…

Guichard, Jean

248

Public Health Response to Imported Case of Poliomyelitis, Australia, 2007  

PubMed Central

Australia, along with 36 other countries in the Western Pacific Region, was declared free of poliomyelitis by the World Health Organization in October 2000. Yet, the persistence of wild poliovirus in the 4 remaining polio-endemic countries—Afghanistan, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan—poses a risk for its importation into all countries declared polio free. We describe the public health response and outcomes resulting from the importation of a wild poliovirus infection in Melbourne, Australia, in July 2007. This response, based on an assessment of the risk for transmission, included offering vaccination with inactivated polio vaccine to the contacts and placing the index patient in isolation and the household contacts in quarantine until consecutive fecal specimens were negative for poliovirus by culture. The experience gained from the polio importation event in Australia may assist other polio-free countries to prepare for, and respond to, a similar event. No secondary clinical cases resulted from this importation. PMID:19891859

Lester, Rosemary; Moran, Rodney; Brown, Lynne; Meagher, Julian; Roberts, Jason A.; Thorley, Bruce R.

2009-01-01

249

Marriage, Poverty, and Public Policy. A Discussion Paper from the Council on Contemporary Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Marriage offers important social and economic benefits. Well-designed public policies could play a constructive role in helping couples develop the skills needed to develop healthy, sustainable relationships with each other and their children. It does not follow, however, that marriage promotion should be a significant component of anti-poverty…

Coontz, Stephanie; Folbre, Nancy

250

Congress and the emergence of public health policy.  

PubMed

Significant changes are occurring in the health care system in the United States, but the direction of change is unclear. This article examines public health policy and argues that Congress may revive national health insurance plans to ensure equal access to care, while achieving more control over government expenditures. PMID:3905709

Davis, R G

1985-01-01

251

Essays on Public Documents and Government Policies (4).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four articles deal with government documents on gender and sexuality, including sex and discrimination, pornography, the statistical uselessness of a study of the body measurements of airline stewardesses, working women in federal government periodicals, and federal policies and publications on sexual harassment. (EM)

Morehead, Joe

1986-01-01

252

Slowing Amazon deforestation through public policy and interventions in beef  

E-print Network

REVIEW Slowing Amazon deforestation through public policy and interventions in beef and soy supply 70% decline in deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon suggests that it is possible to manage, as did a decline in the demand for new deforestation. The supply chain interventions that fed

Napp, Nils

253

Public transport oriented development: an international policy perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with the need to address issues like urban sprawl, traffic congestion, accessibility and climate change, a broad range of policy options must be considered in order to reach a sustainable future. One of these opportunities brings residences, shops, jobs and leisure closer together by locating them in close proximity to a network of rapid, reliable and high capacity public

S Nieweler

2007-01-01

254

Increasing Understanding of Public Problems and Policies, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains abstracts and the complete texts of 19 papers that were presented at a conference held to improve the policy education efforts of extension workers responsible for public affairs programs. The following papers are included: "Microwave Society and Crock-Pot Government" (Bill Graves); "Citizen Participation, Social Capital and…

Halbrook, Steve A., Ed.; Merry, Carroll E., Ed.

255

Agricultural public policy: green or sustainable? L. Mouysseta,b  

E-print Network

regions. Keywords: Agriculture, Biodiversity, Public policy instrument, Poverty, Bird, Land-use, Cost in agricultural practices, including intensive of cropping, landscape homogenization, loss of semi-natural elements, mechanization and intensive use of inputs, have had several consequences such as increased water

Boyer, Edmond

256

Should the science of adolescent brain development inform public policy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract One factor that has contributed to confusion in discussions of the use of adolescent neuroscience in the development,of public policies affecting young people is a blurring of three very different issues that need to be separated: (1) what science does and doesnot say about brain development

Laurence Steinberg; E. Scott

2009-01-01

257

Shaping of Public Environmental Policy: User Community Impact  

E-print Network

Coordinating Infrastructure OFCM Partners · Environmental Protection Agency · National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationBackground Key Focus Areas--Agency Priorities · Environmental Support for Homeland Security · Aviation WeatherShaping of Public Environmental Policy: User Community Impact Samuel P. Williamson Federal

258

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

259

NSFnet Privatization: Policy Making in a Public Interest Vacuum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses policy decisions that led to the privatization and commercialization of NSFnet; explains the roles of IBM, MCI Communications, and ANS (Advanced Network and Service); and suggests the role that the federal government should take to ensure that the NREN (National Research and Education Network) addresses issues of public access and…

Cook, Gordon

1993-01-01

260

Local environmental governance, public policies and deforestation in Amazonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the problem of deforestation in Amazonia and the role of the Brazilian government with regard to the capitalist demands and development needs for the region. It offers a brief historical review of public policies and programs for Amazonia, and critically analyzes their conflicting aspects. Local environmental governance (LEG) is proposed

Ismar Borges de Lima; Leszek Buszynski

2011-01-01

261

The Evolving Relationship between Researchers and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When it comes to the role of research in shaping public policy and debate, one might reasonably argue that this is the best of times. No Child Left Behind (NCLB), with its frequent mention of evidence-based decision making, has underscored the role that objective knowledge should play in a democratic society. The Institute of Education Sciences,…

Henig, Jeffrey R.

2008-01-01

262

Statistics, Science and Public Policy: Shifts in Culture  

E-print Network

Statistics, Science and Public Policy: Shifts in Culture R.W. Oldford and M.E. Thompson Working. The theme of this conference was "The Two Cultures?" in recognition of the fortieth anniversary of C.P. Snow's famous Rede Lecture where the growing gulf between the traditional culture of the arts and the humanities

Oldford, R.W.

263

Violent children: Bridging development, intervention, and public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood violence is a major public health and social policy concern in the United States. Scientists and policymakers alike have increasingly turned their attention to the causes of childhood violence and the extent to which its course can be modified through well-planned preventive interventions. However, it is not apparent that policymakers draw upon basic research findings in formulating their priorities

Gregory S. Pettit; Kenneth A. Dodge

2003-01-01

264

Faculty Arts & Social Sciences Master of Public Policy  

E-print Network

Faculty Arts & Social Sciences Master of Public Policy Bangar, Neha Queen Elizabeth Secondary BC of Arts Bowen-Roberts, Tessa Major Psychology Windsor Secondary BC Bachelor of Arts First Class Honours. BC Bachelor of Arts Didier, Michelle Leanne Major French & Minor French Education Argyle Secondary BC

265

Public policy toward life saving: Should consumer preferences rule?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Needless to say, people who face risks that entail a high probability of death are willing to pay extraordinarily large sums to reduce the probability. Those that face low risks are typically unwilling to pay anything at all to reduce those risks. Accordingly, a public policy that would allocate funds to maximize the number of lives saved conflicts sharply with

Richard Thaler; William Gould

1982-01-01

266

Effective Communication in Legal and Public Policy Hearings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists play a special role in legal debates and public policy decisions. The challenge for scientists who serve as expert witnesses is to communicate effectively in various legal forums, including litigation and legislative hearings. Expert witnesses must not advocate for one side or the other but must be able to convey the meaning as well as the quality and accuracy of their work.

Hilbert, Jim; Sonsteng, John; Thorstad, Linda

2014-04-01

267

The Rising Public Debt in the EU: Implications for Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current financial and economic crisis is of unprecedented proportions and intensity. Given the piecemeal approach of the EU institutions to economic policy, their reaction to the mounting crisis has been slow and hesitant.The much feared financial meltdown in the E.U. has been avoided. However this came at the cost of increasing pressure on public finances in most member states,

Marica Frangakis

2011-01-01

268

The nuclear controversy: Unequal competition in public policy-making  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public policy making process as regards nuclear power is analized and the epistemological basis for such an analysis is examined. It is asserted that disputes over the development of nuclear power are not primarily about the objective facts of the matter but rather derive from differences in basic assumptions about, and evaluatory perceptions of, society, technology and the nature

I. Sanderson

1980-01-01

269

A living standards approach to public policy making  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, government and international organisations are broadening the way they define and measure the ‘progress’, wellbeing or living standards of a country. In May 2011 the New Zealand Treasury published a Living Standards Framework which was developed to guide the objectives and formulation of public policy in the organisation. This paper outlines the key developments in thinking about living standards

Ben Gleisner; Fiona McAlister; Margaret Galt; Joe Beaglehole

2012-01-01

270

Public Policy and the Sale of Human Organs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gill and Sade, in the preceding article in this issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, argue that living individuals should be free from legal constraints against selling their organs. The present commentary responds to several of their claims. It explains why an analogy between kidneys and blood fails; why, as a matter of public policy, we prohibit the

Cynthia B. Cohen

2002-01-01

271

A Policy Analysis of Public School Retirement Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this policy analysis was to examine the Missouri Public School Retirement System (PSRS). The team investigated the under-funding of PSRS, relating to sustainability and the feasibility of the system's use of one lever, contribution rate, to stabilize the retirement system, and to meet actuary needs and governmental requirements. The…

Lewis, Tara; Teeter, Matt

2010-01-01

272

Survey-Based Measurement of Public Management and Policy Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Networks have become a central concept in the policy and public management literature; however, theoretical development is hindered by a lack of attention to the empirical properties of network measurement methods. This paper compares three survey-based methods for measuring organizational networks: the roster, the free-recall name generator, and…

Henry, Adam Douglas; Lubell, Mark; McCoy, Michael

2012-01-01

273

Commission on Policy Development in Public Education Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report of the National Alliance of Black School Educators (NABSE) Commission on Policy Development in Public Education presents six position papers by NABSE and guest authors. The papers, and their authors, are (1) "The Quest for Excellence/Pupil Self-Esteem" (Carole Hardeman); (2) "Engineering Education for Minority Students" (Howard…

National Alliance of Black School Educators, Inc., Washington, DC.

274

Classical Stasis Theory and the Analysis of Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In classical Greece, there was a close tie between rhetoric and the practice and theory of public policy. Gradually, however, rhetoric became increasingly concerned with style and literary criticism, while philosophers began to debate political issues apart from the practical affairs of the polis. Because rhetoric provides a model that can still…

Hatch, Gary Layne

275

Paper Title: Social Capital and Public Policy: Role of Nonprofits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to grasp how social capital can be applied to public policy and what role nonprofits can play in creating social capital in practice. There has been a wide debate on the definition and measurement of social capital over the years. Recognition toward the definition and outcome of social capital is different among different countries and ministries, however,

Yuko Nishide

276

The marketing of dissolvable tobacco: social science and public policy research needs.  

PubMed

The latest generation of smokeless tobacco products encompasses a wide range of offerings, including what is commonly referred to as dissolvable tobacco. Designed to deliver nicotine upon dissolving or disintegrating in a user's mouth, dissolvable tobacco products currently appear in various United States markets as strips, orbs, sticks, and lozenges. The emergence of these new products poses distinct opportunities and challenges for social and behavioral science and public health research and raises important public policy questions. PMID:22747313

Southwell, Brian G; Kim, Annice E; Tessman, Greta K; MacMonegle, Anna J; Choiniere, Conrad J; Evans, Sarah E; Johnson, Robin D

2012-01-01

277

Parent Involvement Goes to School: New Jersey's Public Policy and Public Schools Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Public Policy and Public Schools Program was developed to educate urban, low-income parents about the administration, curriculum, organization, legal structure, and finances of their children's schools. The program has increased parental involvement in local boards of education, school committees, and advocacy groups. Sample program activities…

Silvestri, Kenneth

1991-01-01

278

TOWARD A "CAPABILITY" ANALYTICAL MODEL OF PUBLIC POLICY? LESSONS FROM ACADEMIC GUIDANCE ISSUES  

E-print Network

TOWARD A "CAPABILITY" ANALYTICAL MODEL OF PUBLIC POLICY? LESSONS FROM ACADEMIC GUIDANCE ISSUES and explain a huge part of public policies (in)efficiency within policy subsystems. Without the adequate conversion factors, public policies risk two pitfalls: offering freedom that is only formal; and requiring

Boyer, Edmond

279

The need to include animal protection in public health policies  

PubMed Central

Many critical public health issues require non-traditional approaches. Although many novel strategies are used, one approach not widely applied involves improving the treatment of animals. Emerging infectious diseases are pressing public health challenges that could benefit from improving the treatment of animals. Other human health issues, that overlap with animal treatment issues, and that warrant further exploration, are medical research and domestic violence. The diverse nature of these health issues and their connection with animal treatment suggest that there may be other similar intersections. Public health would benefit by including the treatment of animals as a topic of study and policy development. PMID:23803712

Akhtar, Aysha

2013-01-01

280

Public Policy, Science, and Environmental Risk. Brookings Dialogues on Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workshop explored the complex issues involved in scientific measurement of environmental risk. Specific purposes were to articulate policy issues that concern the use of scientific data in environmental risk assessment and to contribute to the dialogue from which better policy might emerge. Viewpoints of workshop participants from the…

Panem, Sandra, Ed.

281

Healthy public policy in poor countries: tackling macro-economic policies.  

PubMed

Large segments of the population in poor countries continue to suffer from a high level of unmet health needs, requiring macro-level, broad-based interventions. Healthy public policy, a key health promotion strategy, aims to put health on the agenda of policy makers across sectors and levels of government. Macro-economic policy in developing countries has thus far not adequately captured the attention of health promotion researchers. This paper argues that healthy public policy should not only be an objective in rich countries, but also in poor countries. This paper takes up this issue by reviewing the main macro-economic aid programs offered by international financial institutions as a response to economic crises and unmanageable debt burdens. Although health promotion researchers were largely absent during a key debate on structural adjustment programs and health during the 1980s and 1990s, the international macro-economic policy tool currently in play offers a new opportunity to participate in assessing these policies, ensuring new forms of macro-economic policy interventions do not simply reproduce patterns of (neoliberal) economics-dominated development policy. PMID:17355995

Mohindra, K S

2007-06-01

282

The "Gainful Employment Rule" and Student Loan Defaults: How the Policy Frame Overlooks Important Normative Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay examines normative aspects of the gainful employment rule and how the policy frame and image miss important implications for student aid policy. Because the economic and social burdens associated with the policy are typically borne by certain socioeconomic and ethnic groups, the policy frame and image do not identify possible negative…

Serna, Gabriel

2014-01-01

283

American Public Opinion and US Foreign Policy 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of its effort to promote public understanding of the foreign policy of the US, the non-partisan Chicago Council on Foreign Relations (CCFR) has sponsored seven quadrennial surveys of public opinion since 1974. The key question in the recently released 1999 survey, as in previous surveys, was the extent to which "the American public and leaders support an active role for the United States overseas." For the most part, the CCFR found strong support for an active American role in world affairs. At the site, users can read the full text (in .pdf format) or a summary of the report, which examines issues such as foreign policy priorities, globalization, security, the role of the US in the world, perspectives on particular regions and countries, and the current adminstration's performance. The report also contains a brief but helpful account of the political and economic context of the survey, which was carried out in the fall of 1998.

284

Space policy responsiveness: The relationship between public opinion and NASA funding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is the government responsive to public opinion of space policy? In 1995, Stimson et al. demonstrated that changes in domestic public policy were in response to changes in public opinion. Ten years later, Jacobs and Page demonstrated that foreign policy was not responsive to public opinion, and instead responds to the opinion of business leaders. This research builds off these seminal

Alan Steinberg

285

A Call for Public Policy Review: Ensuring the Fairness and Accuracy of Mandated Tests. Test Equity Considerations: Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policy making relies on accurate information, but standardized and other mandated tests may not accurately evaluate the abilities and knowledge of individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing. Many individuals find tests difficult, but individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing may find them especially so. Reports from the 2008 Test Equity…

PEPNet-West, 2010

2010-01-01

286

Water pricing policies, public decision making and farmers' response: implications for water policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problems caused by water scarcity demand important changes in the criteria and objectives of water policies. The agricultural sector in Spain consumes up to 80% of all available hydric resources and the need to increase the efficiency of current uses of water in the agricultural sector is at the core of the country's national water policy. One alternative would

Consuelo Varela-Ortega; José M. Sumpsi; Alberto Garrido; Mar??a Blanco; Eva Iglesias

1998-01-01

287

Public participation and environmental impact assessment: Purposes, implications, and lessons for public policy making  

SciTech Connect

In recent years the need to enhance public participation in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), and the efficacy of alternative mechanisms in achieving this goal, have been central themes in the EIA literature. The benefits of public participation are often taken for granted, and partly for this reason the underlying rationale for greater public participation is sometimes poorly articulated, making it more difficult to determine how to pursue it effectively. The reasons for seeking public participation are also highly diverse and not always mutually consistent. There has been limited analysis of the implications of different forms and degrees of public participation for public decision making based on EIA, and little discussion of how experience with public participation in EIA relates to debates about participation in policy making generally. This paper distinguishes various purposes for public participation in EIA, and discusses their implications for decision making. It then draws on some general models of public participation in policy making to consider how approaches to participation in EIA can be interpreted and valued, and asks what EIA experience reveals about the utility of these models. It argues that the models pay insufficient attention to the interaction that can occur between different forms of public participation; and to the fact that public participation raises issues regarding control over decision making that are not subject to resolution, but must be managed through ongoing processes of negotiation.

O'Faircheallaigh, Ciaran, E-mail: Ciaran.Ofaircheallaigh@griffith.edu.a [Department of Politics and Public Policy, Griffith Business School, Griffith University, Queensland 4111 (Australia)

2010-01-15

288

Inside perceptions of public policy making in france: preliminary analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study, based on interviews in Paris with government officials from the Office of the Pres-identify, Prime Minister's Cabinet, cabinets of five important ministries including that of the Economy, grands corps members, and Leaders of the trade unions, seeks to determine the reality of the process of goverrimentai policy making in the Fifth Republic and, most importantly, the influence of

George Vernardakis

1992-01-01

289

Program Overview The University of Utah Master of Public Policy program  

E-print Network

in a substantive policy area (e.g., Business Policy Regulation, Land Use and Water Policy, Social and Child WelfareProgram Overview The University of Utah Master of Public Policy program is an interdisciplinary of the policy process, better analyze policy options, and program seeks to balance economic and political

Tipple, Brett

290

Public finance policy strategies to increase access to preconception care.  

PubMed

Policy and finance barriers reduce access to preconception care and, reportedly, limit professional practice changes that would improve the availability of needed services. Millions of women of childbearing age (15-44) lack adequate health coverage (i.e., uninsured or underinsured), and others live in medically underserved areas. Service delivery fragmentation and lack of professional guidelines are additional barriers. This paper reviews barriers and opportunities for financing preconception care, based on a review and analysis of state and federal policies. We describe states' experiences with and opportunities to improve health coverage, through public programs such as Medicaid, Medicaid waivers, and the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). The potential role of Title V and of community health centers in providing primary and preventive care to women also is discussed. In these and other public health and health coverage programs, opportunities exist to finance preconception care for low-income women. Three major policy directions are discussed. To increase access to preconception care among women of childbearing age, the federal and state governments have opportunities to: (1) improve health care coverage, (2) increase the supply of publicly subsidized health clinics, and (3) direct delivery of preconception screening and interventions in the context of public health programs. PMID:16802188

Johnson, Kay A

2006-09-01

291

Is Policy Important? Technology Policy and Its Practices in K-12 Education in Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the implementation of computer technologies in schools across Canada, focusing on the problem of managing change. The first section discusses what policy is and how policy is made in a global age. The second section addresses policy convergence, i.e., new, harmonized policy alignments brought on by the communications…

Lewis, Brian; Smith, Richard; Jenson, Jennifer

292

Flawed gun policy research could endanger public safety.  

PubMed

A highly publicized recent study by Lott and Mustard concludes that laws easing restrictions on licenses for carrying concealed firearms in public substantially reduce violent crime. Several serious flaws in the study render the authors' conclusions insupportable. These flaws include misclassification of gun-carrying laws, endogeneity of predictor variables, omission of confounding variables, and failure to control for the cyclical nature of crime trends. Most of these problems should bias results toward overestimating the crime-reducing effects of laws making it easier to carry concealed firearms in public. Lott and Mustard's statistical models produce findings inconsistent with criminological theories and well-established facts about crime, and subsequent reanalysis of their data challenges their conclusions. Public health professionals should understand the methodological issues raised in this commentary, particularly when flawed research could influence the introduction of policies with potentially deleterious consequences. PMID:9224169

Webster, D W; Vernick, J S; Ludwig, J; Lester, K J

1997-06-01

293

Public policy versus individual rights and responsibility: an economist's perspective.  

PubMed

Interventions to reduce childhood obesity entail ethical considerations. Although a rationale exists for government to intervene in a way that limits individual rights while protecting the public's health, a clear economic rationale also exists. The markets for goods and services that contribute to obesity are characterized by multiple failures that create an economic rationale for government to intervene (eg, consumers' lack of accurate information regarding obesogenic foods and beverages). If effective public policies for reducing obesity and its consequences are to be developed and implemented, individual rights and government interests must be balanced. PMID:21843403

Chaloupka, Frank J

2011-09-01

294

Halting the obesity epidemic: a public health policy approach.  

PubMed

Traditional ways of preventing and treating overweight and obesity have almost invariably focused on changing the behavior of individuals, an approach that has proven woefully inadequate, as indicated by the rising rates of both conditions. Considering the many aspects of American culture that promote obesity, from the proliferation of fast-food outlets to almost universal reliance on automobiles, reversing current trends will require a multifaceted public health policy approach as well as considerable funding. National leadership is needed to ensure the participation of health officials and researchers, educators and legislators, transportation experts and urban planners, and businesses and nonprofit groups in formulating a public health campaign with a better chance of success. The authors outline a broad range of policy recommendations and suggest that an obesity prevention campaign might be funded, in part, with revenues from small taxes on selected products that provide "empty" calories-such as soft drinks-or that reduce physical activity-such as automobiles. PMID:10968581

Nestle, M; Jacobson, M F

2000-01-01

295

Incidental Reflections Based on a Career in Public Health and Public Health Policy Donald A. Henderson, M.D.  

E-print Network

views on health care policies and consequent patient-physician relationships are from a somewhat 40 years, it seems to me that medical care and health care policies have been all but totallyIncidental Reflections Based on a Career in Public Health and Public Health Policy Donald A

Goldman, Steven A.

296

Comparing public policies in multilevel governance systems: tobacco control in the European Union  

E-print Network

for addiction, price policy and factors in the policy environment. Price policy is consistently effective, cross-nationally and the public health bureaucracy is a key player in curbing consumption of cigarettes. Major theoretical conclusions include affirmation...

Goerdel, Holly Thompson

2009-05-15

297

76 FR 28397 - Acceleration of Broadband Deployment by Improving Policies Regarding Public Rights of Way and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...by Improving Policies Regarding Public Rights of Way and Wireless Facilities Siting...sector to identify means of improving rights of way policies and wireless facilities siting requirements. Policies for managing rights of way and siting wireless...

2011-05-17

298

Explaining local authority choices on public hospital provision in the 1930s: a public policy hypothesis.  

PubMed

This article summarises the findings of recent work on local authority public hospital services in England and Wales in the inter-war years and identifies the lack of a robust hypothesis to explain the variations found, particularly one that would explain the actions of county councils as well as county boroughs. Using public policy techniques on a group of local authorities in the far South West it proposes that variations can be explained by an understanding of the deep core beliefs of councillors, their previous experience of 'commissioner' and 'provider' roles, and the availability or otherwise of a dedicated policy entrepreneur to promote change. PMID:23752983

Neville, Julia

2012-01-01

299

Explaining Local Authority Choices on Public Hospital Provision in the 1930s: A Public Policy Hypothesis  

PubMed Central

This article summarises the findings of recent work on local authority public hospital services in England and Wales in the inter-war years and identifies the lack of a robust hypothesis to explain the variations found, particularly one that would explain the actions of county councils as well as county boroughs. Using public policy techniques on a group of local authorities in the far South West it proposes that variations can be explained by an understanding of the deep core beliefs of councillors, their previous experience of ‘commissioner’ and ‘provider’ roles, and the availability or otherwise of a dedicated policy entrepreneur to promote change. PMID:23752983

Neville, Julia

2012-01-01

300

Responsive Public Officials and Engaged Citizens: Myth or Reality? A Case Study of Water Rights Policy  

E-print Network

Citizen participation . Water rights policy. Environmental policy. Western water law. Mobilization . Self such as protest, writing elected officials, or attending public meetings and providing public input (Verba and Nie

Colorado at Boulder, University of

301

The role of public policies in promoting the safety, convenience & popularity of bicycling  

Microsoft Academic Search

http:\\/\\/www.policy.rutgers.edu\\/faculty\\/pucher.htm publications in PDF format at http:\\/\\/www.policy.rutgers.edu\\/papers —————————————————————————————————————————————————— Abstract In the special issue on bicycling of WTPP (Volume 7, Number 3), Heath Maddox questions the potential of public policies to encourage bicycling. This response to the Maddox critique argues that he seriously misinterpreted the concept of public policy, considering only a small subset of the many policies that can facilitate

John Pucher

302

Traveling Policies: Mobility, Transformation and Continuities in Higher Education Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an assessment of the impact and implications of the international mobilities operating in the national public policy environment. In fact, patterns of transformations that take place in national higher education systems are generating diverse and complex outcomes in different countries, in ways that may preclude a simple…

Britez, Rodrigo G.

2012-01-01

303

Semantic Web Public Policy Challenges: Privacy, Provenance, Property and Personhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The growing inferencing and knowledge linking power of the Semantic Web will, we all hope, make the world a better place:\\u000a enrich democratic discourse, support more rapid scientific discovery, enable new forms of personal communication and culture,\\u000a and generally enhance critical analysis of information. However, with this greater inferencing power comes daunting social\\u000a and public policy questions that must be

Daniel J. Weitzner

2005-01-01

304

The Mythology of Prostitution: Advocacy Research and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade, public policies on prostitution and other types of sex work have been increasingly contested, both in\\u000a academia and in popular debates. One perspective, the oppression paradigm, is increasingly reflected in media reporting on\\u000a the sex industry and is steadily being articulated by government officials in the USA, Europe, and elsewhere. The proliferation\\u000a of myths based on

Ronald Weitzer

2010-01-01

305

Data publication - policies and procedures from the PREPARDE project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data are widely acknowledged as a first class scientific output. Increases in researchers' abilities to create data need to be matched by corresponding infrastructures for them to manage and share their data. At the same time, the quality and persistence of the datasets need to be ensured, providing the dataset creators with the recognition they deserve for their efforts. Formal publication of data takes advantage of the processes and procedures already in place to publish academic articles about scientific results, enabling data to be reviewed and more broadly disseminated. Data are vastly more varied in format than papers, and so the policies required to manage and publish data must take into account the complexities associated with different data types, scientific fields, licensing rules etc. The Peer REview for Publication & Accreditation of Research Data in the Earth sciences (PREPARDE) project is JISC- and NERC-funded, and aims to investigate the policies and procedures required for the formal publication of research data. The project is investigating the whole workflow of data publication, from ingestion into a data repository, through to formal publication in a data journal. To limit the scope of the project, the focus is primarily on the policies required for the Royal Meteorological Society and Wiley's Geoscience Data Journal, though members of the project team include representatives from the life sciences (F1000Research), and will generalise the policies to other disciplines. PREPARDE addresses key issues arising in the data publication paradigm, such as: what criteria are needed for a repository to be considered objectively trustworthy; how does one peer-review a dataset; and how can datasets and journal publications be effectively cross-linked for the benefit of the wider research community and the completeness of the scientific record? To answer these questions, the project is hosting workshops addressing these issues, with interactions from key stakeholders, including data and repository managers, researchers, funders and publishers. The results of these workshops will be presented and further comment and interaction sought from interested parties.

Callaghan, Sarah; Murphy, Fiona; Tedds, Jonathan; Kunze, John; Lawrence, Rebecca; Mayernik, , Matthew S.; Whyte, Angus; Roberts, Timothy

2013-04-01

306

Ethical Principles Associated with the Publication of Research in ASHA's Scholarly Journals: Importance and Adequacy of Coverage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this 2-part study was to determine the importance of specific topics relating to publication ethics and adequacy of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's (ASHA's) policies regarding these topics. Method: A 56-item Web-based survey was sent to (a) ASHA journal editors, associate editors, and members of the…

Ingham, Janis C.; Minifie, Fred D.; Horner, Jennifer; Robey, Randall R.; Lansing, Charissa; McCartney, James H.; Slater, Sarah C.; Moss, Sharon E.

2011-01-01

307

Understanding the Interaction between Public Policy, Managerial Decision-Making and the Engineering of Critical Infrastructures  

E-print Network

Understanding the Interaction between Public Policy, Managerial Decision-Making and the Engineering graphical overview of the interaction between public policy, local managerial decision making and operator can be traced back through the decisions of local management teams to higher-levels of public policy

Johnson, Chris

308

Structuring Public Engagement for Effective Input in Policy Development on Human Tissue Biobanking  

PubMed Central

We begin with the premise that human tissue biobanking is associated with ethical ambiguities and regulatory uncertainty, and that public engagement is at least one important element in addressing such challenges. One is then confronted with how to achieve public engagement that is both meaningful and effective. In particular, how can public engagement on the topic of biobanking be implemented such that: It is perceived broadly as legitimate.The results of the engagement are relevant and useful to the institutional and regulatory context. In this paper we build on previous work that has addressed the former point, and focus primarily on the latter point. We argue that one way to increase the likelihood of results of public engagement being taken up in policy is through framing the issues that are deliberated by members of the public based in part on the practical policy questions for which input is sought. In this approach, we move discussion on the social and ethical implications of biobanking from abstract principles, to their consideration in the context of local biobanking practices. This is illustrated using a practical example involving a public engagement conducted to inform institutional policy for biobanking in British Columbia, Canada. PMID:20395688

O'Doherty, Kieran; Hawkins, Alice

2010-01-01

309

Congress, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and Independent Producers: Agenda Setting and Policy Making in Public Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the agenda setting and policy decision-making strategies utilized by independent public television producers to incorporate an independent production service into public broadcasting reauthorization legislation during the 100th Congress (1987-1988). Public policy analysis techniques from a political science perspective and…

Ivers, Susan C.

310

The “geotoxicology” of airborne particulate matter: implications for public health, public policy, and environmental security (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exposures to airborne particulate matter (PM) have been documented and hypothesized as the cause of a wide variety of adverse health effects. Most attention has focused on potential health effects of occupational and environmental exposures to many types of anthropogenic PM, such as mineral dusts or combustion byproducts of fossil fuels. However, geogenic PM (produced from the Earth by natural processes) and geoanthropogenic PM (produced from natural sources but modified by human activities) are also increasingly of concern as potential agents of toxicity and disease, via both environmental and occupational exposures. Geotoxicology can be defined as the study of the toxicological characteristics and potential health effects of geogenic and geoanthropogenic earth materials. Acute exposures to high PM concentrations are associated with exacerbated asthma, other pulmonary inflammatory responses, cardiovascular problems, and other issues. Some diseases can result from inhalation of dust-borne pathogens. PM can contain bioaccessible (readily dissolved in the body’s fluids) contaminants that, if absorbed in sufficient doses, can trigger toxicity. Acutely bioreactive PM, such as alkaline wildfire ash or acidic volcanic fog, can trigger acute irritation or damage of the respiratory tract, eyes, and skin. Biodurable PM such as asbestos fibers and crystalline silica are poorly cleared by lung macrophages, do not readily dissolve in the fluids lining the lungs, and can therefore persist in the lungs for decades. In sufficient dose, pneumoconioses can result from exposure to biodurable minerals, and chronic fluid-mineral reactions in the body (such as redox cycling and formation of free radicals) are thought to help promote cancers such as lung cancer and (in the case of asbestos) mesothelioma. Many key research questions remain, such as the exact mechanisms by which many types of PM cause disease, or the levels of exposure above which various types of PM begin to pose a substantial public health risk. PM is at the core of diverse policy issues related to air quality, public health, and environmental security, at scales from local to global. Interdisciplinary earth and health science investigations are crucial to the development of effective policy. For example, earth science input will be key for understanding and managing potential risks associated with living on or near asbestos-containing rocks. Particularly in dry climates, a better understanding of the roles of geogenic PM versus anthropogenic PM as triggers of disease is needed in the development of appropriate air quality regulations at local to regional scales; this issue will only increase in importance in the future as human inhabitation increases in some arid regions, and as arid regions expand or shift due to climate change or human-induced stresses. Over the last decade, it has been recognized that dusts can transport contaminants and pathogens between continents. Hence, human practices and policies that influence dust generation in one continent or country may ultimately have an impact on public health, policy, and environmental security in distant downwind countries.

Plumlee, G. S.; Morman, S. A.

2009-12-01

311

The epidemiology and public health importance of toxocariasis: a zoonosis of global importance.  

PubMed

Toxocariasis, caused by infection with larvae of Toxocara canis, and to a lesser extent by Toxocara cati and other ascaridoid species, manifests in humans in a range of clinical syndromes. These include visceral and ocular larva migrans, neurotoxocariasis and covert or common toxocariasis. Toxocara canis is one of the most widespread public health and economically important zoonotic parasitic infections humans share with dogs, cats and wild canids, particularly foxes. This neglected disease has been shown through seroprevalence studies to be especially prevalent among children from socio-economically disadvantaged populations both in the tropics and sub-tropics and in industrialised nations. Human infection occurs by the accidental ingestion of embryonated eggs or larvae from a range of wild and domestic paratenic hosts. Most infections remain asymptomatic. Clinically overt infections may go undiagnosed, as diagnostic tests are expensive and can require serological, molecular and/or imaging tests, which may not be affordable or available. Treatment in humans varies according to symptoms and location of the larvae. Anthelmintics, including albendazole, thiabendazole and mebendazole may be given together with anti-inflammatory corticosteroids. The development of molecular tools should lead to new and improved strategies for the treatment, diagnosis and control of toxocariasis and the role of other ascaridoid species in the epidemiology of Toxocara spp. Molecular technologies may also help to reveal the public health importance of T. canis, providing new evidence to support the implementation of national control initiatives which have yet to be developed for Toxocara spp. A number of countries have implemented reproductive control programs in owned and stray dogs to reduce the number of young dogs in the population. These programs would positively impact upon T. canis transmission since the parasite is most fecund and prevalent in puppies. Other control measures for T. canis include the regular and frequent anthelmintic treatment of dogs and cats, starting at an early age, education and enforcement of laws for the disposal of canine faeces, dog legislation and personal hygiene. The existence of wild definitive and paratenic hosts complicates the control of T. canis. Increasing human and dog populations, population movements and climate change will all serve to increase the importance of this zoonosis. This review examines the transmission, diagnosis and clinical syndromes of toxocariasis, its public health importance, epidemiology, control and current research needs. PMID:23954435

Macpherson, Calum N L

2013-11-01

312

Public Administration, Public Policy Analysis. Units 1-6, Package X.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning package comprises a portion of the National Training and Development Service Urban Management Curriculum Development Project. The six units included in the package focus on understanding, formulating, and implementing public policies. They additionally help to develop conceptual, methodological, and analytic skills essential to…

Dunn, William N.

313

Public Pension Reforms in the United States and JapanA Study of Comparative Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1980s, facing the financial crises in their public pension systems, the governments of both the United States and Japan proposed reform. In each case the reform efforts failed. A few years later policy proposals by special commissions led to the enactment of reform legislation in both countries. No major political upheavals occurred in the intervening years; but

JUNKO KATO

1991-01-01

314

Public Records I. As a public institution, the University is subject to public oversight. One important means  

E-print Network

.state.az.us/FormatDocument.asp?inDoc=/ars/39/00121.htm&Title=39 &DocType=ARS] A. What did the Legislature mean by "public records"? A.R.S. § 39-mail); Lake v. City of Phoenix (embedded metada) 2. " ... in the custody of any officer ... " It used to say important means the Legislature has created to assure such oversight is the ability of the public to have

Arizona, University of

315

Experiences and attitudes towards evidence-informed policy-making among research and policy stakeholders in the canadian agri-food public health sector.  

PubMed

Policy-makers working at the interface of agri-food and public health often deal with complex and cross-cutting issues that have broad health impacts and socio-economic implications. They have a responsibility to ensure that policy-making based on these issues is accountable and informed by the best available scientific evidence. We conducted a qualitative descriptive study of agri-food public health policy-makers and research and policy analysts in Ontario, Canada, to understand their perspectives on how the policy-making process is currently informed by scientific evidence and how to facilitate this process. Five focus groups of 3-7 participants and five-one-to-one interviews were held in 2012 with participants from federal and provincial government departments and industry organizations in the agri-food public health sector. We conducted a thematic analysis of the focus group and interview transcripts to identify overarching themes. Participants indicated that the following six key principles are necessary to enable and demonstrate evidence-informed policy-making (EIPM) in this sector: (i) establish and clarify the policy objectives and context; (ii) support policy-making with credible scientific evidence from different sources; (iii) integrate scientific evidence with other diverse policy inputs (e.g. economics, local applicability and stakeholder interests); (iv) ensure that scientific evidence is communicated by research and policy stakeholders in relevant and user-friendly formats; (V) create and foster interdisciplinary relationships and networks across research and policy communities; and (VI) enhance organizational capacity and individual skills for EIPM. Ongoing and planned efforts in these areas, a supportive culture, and additional education and training in both research and policy realms are important to facilitate evidence-informed policy-making in this sector. Future research should explore these findings further in other countries and contexts. PMID:24528517

Young, I; Gropp, K; Pintar, K; Waddell, L; Marshall, B; Thomas, K; McEwen, S A; Raji?, A

2014-12-01

316

Happiness and health: lessons--and questions--for public policy.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the happiness-health relationship from an economics perspective, highlighting the role of adaptation. People's expectations for health standards influence their reported health and associated happiness, a finding that roughly mirrors the Easterlin paradox in income and happiness. Research on unhappiness and obesity shows that norms and stigma vary a great deal across countries and cohorts, mediating the related well-being costs. Better understanding this variance and its effects on incentives for addressing the condition is important to policy design. More generally, the paper discusses how happiness surveys can-and cannot-inform public health policy. PMID:18180481

Graham, Carol

2008-01-01

317

Legal and policy barriers to sharing data between public health programs in New York City: a case study.  

PubMed

Integration of public health surveillance data within health departments is important for public health activities and cost-efficient coordination of care. Access to and use of surveillance data are governed by public health law and by agency confidentiality and security policies. In New York City, we examined public health laws and agency policies for data sharing across HIV, sexually transmitted disease, tuberculosis, and viral hepatitis surveillance programs. We found that recent changes to state laws provide greater opportunities for data sharing but that agency policies must be updated because they limit increased data integration. Our case study can help other health departments conduct similar reviews of laws and policies to increase data sharing and integration of surveillance data. PMID:24825197

Gasner, M Rose; Fuld, Jennifer; Drobnik, Ann; Varma, Jay K

2014-06-01

318

Public Opinion, Security Threats, and Foreign Policy Formation: A Theoretical Framework and Comparative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does public opinion influence foreign policy? Much work, following the example of such scholars as Page and Shapiro (1983), has suggested that mass public opinion is stable, and is rational and that public policy outputs follow public opinion in advanced democratic countries. Using the case of Germany, I employ a process tracing analysis as well as time series and cross-national

William Davis

2007-01-01

319

Alcohol taxation policy in Australia: public health imperatives for action.  

PubMed

The Australian Government's "alcopops" tax legislation will soon be voted on by the Senate. This is the first time in memory that an alcohol taxation measure has been informed principally by public health concerns. Much debate surrounds the utility of alcohol taxation as a measure to reduce alcohol-related harm. However, the harms resulting from alcohol misuse in Australia are at unacceptable levels and action to reduce them is overdue. There is good evidence from Australia and internationally that taxation and price measures are among the most effective and cost-effective in reducing alcohol consumption and related harms. Recent alcohol sales data give an early indication that the alcopops tax is being effective in reducing consumption. Current alcohol tax policy is unwieldy and not well directed towards improving public health. A proportion of tax revenues dedicated to alcohol programs would assist public acceptance of the measures. A broad review of alcohol taxation policy is needed as part of a comprehensive approach to alcohol problems in Australia. PMID:19374617

Skov, Steven J

2009-04-20

320

The Importance of Policies in E-Learning Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most professionals interested in the use of technology in education understand the importance of an e-learning course site, whether the course is taught totally online or in a hybrid environment where the instructor has some face-to-face contact with students. However, many instructors have not thoroughly considered the importance of posting…

Waterhouse, Shirley; Rogers, Rodney O.

2004-01-01

321

Environmental health and antisocial behavior: implications for public policy.  

PubMed

Antisocial behavior persists as a preeminent public policy issue in the United States. A more critical assessment of both the policies and the programs designed to address this problem is necessary, and new risk factors for antisocial behavior need to be investigated. Sufficient evidence exists to hypothesize that exposure to neurotoxins may be a risk factor for antisocial behavior. Neurotoxins such as lead have been demonstrated to affect the cognitive development of children, and impaired cognition is accepted as a risk factor for antisocial behavior. Little consideration has been given, however, to the possible link between neurotoxins and human behavior. This paper presents a biologically and socially plausible justification for this association, reviews the supporting evidence, and emphasizes the need for additional investigation of the phenomenon. Elucidation of this risk factor may lead to new strategies for preventing or mitigating antisocial behaviors among youth and adults. PMID:11383041

Preston, B L; Warren, R C; Wooten, S M; Gragg, R D; Walker, B

2001-05-01

322

Extension Publication Policies and Direction 1. All official publications from Extension Entomology should be made available electronically  

E-print Network

Extension Publication Policies and Direction 1. All official publications from Extension Entomology Entomology Publication committee. 3. Everyone in our project group should be contributing to a common good. The Extension Entomology Publication committee will recommend the modification or deletion of duplicate efforts

Behmer, Spencer T.

323

Pesticide testing in humans: ethics and public policy.  

PubMed Central

Pesticide manufacturers have tested pesticides increasingly in human volunteers over the past decade. The apparent goal of these human studies is to establish threshold levels for symptoms, termed "no observed effect levels." Data from these studies have been submitted to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for consideration in standard setting. There are no required ethical guidelines for studies of pesticides toxicity conducted in humans, no governmental oversight is exercised, and no procedures have been put in place for the protection of human subjects. To examine ethical and policy issues involved in the testing of pesticides in humans and the use of human data in standard setting, in February 2002 the Center for Children's Health and the Environment of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine convened an expert workshop for ethicists, physicians, toxicologists, and policy analysts. After a peer consensus process, participants developed a number of ethical and public policy recommendations regarding the testing of pesticides in humans. Participants also strongly encouraged active biomonitoring of every pesticide currently in use to track human exposure, particularly in vulnerable populations, and to assess adverse effects on health. PMID:15175182

Oleskey, Christopher; Fleischman, Alan; Goldman, Lynn; Hirschhorn, Kurt; Landrigan, Philip J; Lappe, Marc; Marshall, Mary Faith; Needleman, Herbert; Rhodes, Rosamond; McCally, Michael

2004-01-01

324

The Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1994, the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania conducts research on a variety of topics, including political communication, journalism, and the role of the media in the lives of developing children. With offices in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., the Center is well poised to also disseminate its research findings to various governmental organizations and other policy groups. The siteâÂÂs homepage provides direct link to some of their more recent work, which includes excerpts from a talk by National Intelligence Director John D. Negroponte and Geneva OverholserâÂÂs compelling report, âÂÂOn Behalf of Journalism: A Manifesto for ChangeâÂÂ. While visitors can just scroll down through the homepage to review these documents, they may also wish to click on the tabs near the top of the page to move directly to a thematic area of interest. The site is rounded out by a number of links to other Annenberg-sponsored sites, such as âÂÂJustice LearningâÂÂ, which is a joint project sponsored by National Public Radio and the New York Times Learning Network.

325

Undergraduates study climate change science, philosophy, and public policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Science Foundation's (NSF) Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) program provides undergraduate students with the opportunity to participate in ongoing scientific research. Existing either as stand-alone summer programs or as supplementary components to existing NSF research grants, the REU program focuses on introducing aspiring young scientists to the delights and complexities of science. Global Climate Change and Society (GCCS) is an intensive, 8-week REU program that began a 3-year run in the summer of 2001.Developed by a philosopher at the Colorado School of Mines, and a planetary scientist at Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colrado, GCCS is a unique experiment in research and pedagogy that introduces students to science by using a distinctive approach. Choosing as its topic the questions surrounding global climate change, the program explores the interwoven scientific, philosophical, and public policy issues that make the climate change debate such a volatile topic in contemporary society. Last summer, the program selected 12 undergraduates through a nationally advertised competition. Student interns came from diverse academic and cultural backgrounds and included physics, philosophy and public policy majors from elite liberal arts schools, major research institutions, and mainstream state universities. The program was held at the University of Colorado and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), in Boulder, Colorado (Figure 1).

Bullock, Mark A.; Frodeman, Robert L.

326

Litigation and Public Health Policy Making: The Case of Tobacco Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many tobacco control advocates, believing that legislators and regula- tors have failed to enact and implement sufficiently stringent tobacco control laws, have supported litigation as a means of achieving public health policy goals. In this article, we examine the relationship between litigation and public health policy for- mulation in the context of the debate over tobacco control policy. The fundamental

Peter D. Jacobson; Kenneth E. Warner

1999-01-01

327

Famine relief and imperial policy in early modern Morocco: the political functions of public health.  

PubMed Central

There has been no systematic ethnology nor comparative history of public health. In fact, there has been a broad consensus that prior to the arrival of missionaries and colonial health authorities there was no indigenous public health. These assumptions apply to only some settings and do not reflect the general history of public health. The present study concerns public health in the first century of Alawi rule in Morocco, ca. 1670-1790. The early Alawi sultans undertook public health programs, most of which concerned the prevention and relief of mass starvation. Goals of the programs were consistent with other features of their public policies. Effectiveness of the programs was limited partly by technical and scientific factors, but more by political constraints, especially the sultans' higher priorities for political stability than public welfare and public health. These data provide important insights not only into Moroccan social and political history, but also into the more general problem of the political nature of public health. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 PMID:7027811

Meyers, A R

1981-01-01

328

Environmental hazards and public health: lessons for the practice of medicine and for public policy  

SciTech Connect

The separation of occupational and environmental disease from the mainstream of medical practice has deep roots in the culture of the profession. Medical practice centered on individual patient care as nineteenth-century science yielded the therapeutic triumphs of the twentieth century. Social issues seemed remote to medical practitioners as the rewards of scientifically based therapies upstaged the unglamorous aspects of preventive medicine. Public health was left to politicians and bureaucrats. Victorian ambivalence toward the less successful members of society reinforced the isolation of medicine from public policy. As a consequence, physicians are largely ignored in contemporary debates about environmental hazards, to the detriment of both society and the profession.

Wedeen, R.P.; Sheehan, H.E. (VA Medical Center, East Orange, NJ (United States))

1992-01-01

329

The Importance of Language Games in School Public Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the language games played by superintendents as they work with school boards and community activists to craft school policy. We begin by examining the role of language in problem definition and the agenda-setting process. We then examine how political culture and the media affect problem definition. We argue that school…

Fusarelli, Lance; Sanders, Marla

2005-01-01

330

A Mixed Methods Approach for Identifying Influence on Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fields from political science to critical education policy studies have long explored power relations in policy processes, showing who influences policy agendas, policy creation, and policy implementation. Yet showing particular actors' influence on specific points in a policy text remains a methodological challenge. This article presents a…

Weaver-Hightower, Marcus B.

2014-01-01

331

Female labour force participation, fertility and public policy in Sweden.  

PubMed

2nd only to Ireland in total fertility, Sweden has the highest total fertility (TFR) and female labor force participation rates (FLFPR) among European countries in the late 1980s and early 1990s. 1988 TFR and FLFPR were 1.96 and 80.1%, respectively. This paper considers the role of public policy in creating this unique trend, with particular focus on family leave policy. In 1974, Sweden became the 1st country to allow leave to both parents following childbirth. By 1990, leave duration had grown from an initial 6-month period to 15 months. In addition, subsidized day care, flexible working hours, and economic support to families with children is provided in the context of a family-supportive tax structure. While generous, benefits are related to work and income history. Labor income is replaced at 90% of gross earnings, while the unemployed receive only minimal taxable flat payments. Benefits overall are paid from general taxes. Given that benefits reflect job history and income, and income level tends to rise fastest in the initial stages of employment, women in Sweden postpone childbirth in order to realize wage increases and greater job standing over the short- to medium-terms. In sum, Sweden's policies stimulate both fertility and women's paid work by reducing the costs of having children while requiring parents to be employed to receive full benefits. This paper further reviews the development of parental leave and related policies and compares Swedish fertility, female labor force participation, and parental leave benefits to those of countries in the European Community. PMID:12317494

Sundstrom, M; Stafford, F P

1992-01-01

332

Public policy responsibilities in a restructured electric industry: An analysis of values, objectives, and approaches  

SciTech Connect

Discussions and decisions in states as diverse as California, Wisconsin, and Rhode Island are focusing on moving the United States electric industry from one dominated by vertically-integrated and highly regulated utility-based electricity monopolies to one characterized by largely divested and independent generation, transmission, and distribution sectors and by vigorous wholesale and retail competition. Numerous issues must be solved for this transition to be successful. Three of the most important are how to deal with stranded investments, how to provide open access to transmission systems, and how to deal with potentially stranded benefits, which is the current term being used to describe environmental and social programs such as demand-side management, low income programs, and renewable energy. This report explores how to meet public policy responsibilities, which are growing more acute, in a proactive fashion in a restructured United States electric industry. The specific goals of this report are to (1) assess trade-offs in the short-term in meeting public policy responsibilities associated with stranded benefits and (2) introduce a series of new ideas that, if enacted, could substantially satisfy important public policy considerations.

Tonn, B.E.; Schweitzer, M.

1996-03-01

333

Science, Technology, and the Issues of the Eighties: Policy Outlook. Westview Special Studies in Science, Technology, and Public Policy/Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that science and technology (S/T) have become increasingly relevant to important public policy issues, Congress has mandated the periodic preparation of a "Five Year Outlook for Science and Technology" to help U.S. policymakers anticipate and deal with these issues more effectively. This book, the result of a study conducted by the…

Teich, Albert H., Ed.; Thornton, Ray, Ed.

334

Adaptive importance sampling for value function approximation in off-policy reinforcement learning.  

PubMed

Off-policy reinforcement learning is aimed at efficiently using data samples gathered from a policy that is different from the currently optimized policy. A common approach is to use importance sampling techniques for compensating for the bias of value function estimators caused by the difference between the data-sampling policy and the target policy. However, existing off-policy methods often do not take the variance of the value function estimators explicitly into account and therefore their performance tends to be unstable. To cope with this problem, we propose using an adaptive importance sampling technique which allows us to actively control the trade-off between bias and variance. We further provide a method for optimally determining the trade-off parameter based on a variant of cross-validation. We demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed approach through simulations. PMID:19216050

Hachiya, Hirotaka; Akiyama, Takayuki; Sugiayma, Masashi; Peters, Jan

2009-12-01

335

ACADEMIC GENEALOGIES WITH RESPECT TO NARRATIVE IN HUMAN AND SOCIAL SCIENCES AND THEIR IMPLICATION FOR PUBLIC POLICIES  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In human and society science, narrative is regarded as an important issue to understand dynamic actions of human being and society. Therefore, narrative is also expected to be important for public policies that try to improve dynamic actions of human being and society. In th is study, we review academic genealogies with respect to narratives including western philosophy, hermeneutics, historical science, historical philosophy, literary criticism, clinical psychology and sociology, narrative psychology and folklore. Then we discuss how narrative can be pragmatically applied for public policies.

Fujii, Satoshi; Hasegawa, Taiki; Nakano, Takeshi; Hatori, Tsuyoshi

336

Policy Analysis of Supply Chains for Asia USA Containerized Imports Robert C. Leachman and Evan T. Davidson  

E-print Network

1 Policy Analysis of Supply Chains for Asia ­ USA Containerized Imports Robert C. Leachman and Evan of California Berkeley, CA 94720-1777 Abstract We critically consider policies of large importers and policies supply chain of a large importer distributing retail goods nation-wide, leading to our first policy

Kammen, Daniel M.

337

10 CFR 1004.3 - Public reading facilities and policy on contractor records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Public reading facilities and policy on contractor records...FREEDOM OF INFORMATION § 1004.3 Public reading facilities and policy on contractor records...Headquarters will maintain, in the public reading facilities, the materials which...

2013-01-01

338

10 CFR 1004.3 - Public reading facilities and policy on contractor records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Public reading facilities and policy on contractor records...FREEDOM OF INFORMATION § 1004.3 Public reading facilities and policy on contractor records...Headquarters will maintain, in the public reading facilities, the materials which...

2012-01-01

339

10 CFR 1004.3 - Public reading facilities and policy on contractor records.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Public reading facilities and policy on contractor records...FREEDOM OF INFORMATION § 1004.3 Public reading facilities and policy on contractor records...Headquarters will maintain, in the public reading facilities, the materials which...

2014-01-01

340

Master of Public Policy and International Affairs Apply Now Program Goals  

E-print Network

Master of Public Policy and International Affairs Apply Now Program Goals Students who earn of this program is to enable students to: · (Comprehension) explain fundamental theories and processes of public a master's degree in public policy and international affairs will be able to participate in and analyze

Shihadeh, Alan

341

Postsecondary Education Opportunity. The Mortenson Report on Public Policy Analysis of Opportunity for Postsecondary Education, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a collection of 12 issues of a monthly publication on public policy and postsecondary education opportunity. Each issue contains one or two main articles providing an analysis of research on trends in postsecondary education. The major articles in these issues are: (1) "The Challenge of Educational Opportunity in Public Policy:…

Mortenson, Thomas G., Ed.

1995-01-01

342

Voices and values: Linking values with participation in OR\\/MS in public policy making  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is now widely accepted that public policy development requires both an appreciation of public values and an ability to involve insights from local people. Operational research (OR) has made some contributions to public policy development, and there has been a call to use problem-structuring methods (PSM) in this environment. This growing need for greater use of OR\\/management science (MS)

Leroy White; Humphrey Bourne

2007-01-01

343

Challenging Ideology: Could a Better Understanding of Academic Enquiry Lead to Better Public Policy Making?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does the present level of public unhappiness with the conduct of governance offer an opportunity to revisit the quality of public policy making and the pernicious role of ideology? In this article I argue that there are some strong parallels between academic enquiry and public policy making, and that a better understanding of the former could lead…

Brown, Roger

2010-01-01

344

University Policy Centers and Institutes: The Think Tank as Public Service Function.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public-policy centers and institutes are a growing, visible part of many universities. A cross between think tanks and academic units that provide public service, they focus on policy research and facilitation of public discourse. A national survey reveals faculty's role in their work, the applied multidisciplinary nature of their activities, and…

Melnick, Rob

1999-01-01

345

TESTING THE VALIDITY OF THE MODEL FOR IMPROVING THE PUBLIC POLICY MAKING PROCESS IN ROMANIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a descriptive model on public policy cycle and the basic competencies in the modernized public policy making process. This model comprises o series of features, three coordinates (vision, effectiveness and continuous improvement), a total of nine core principles and definitions of the core principles. The paper focuses on the validity of proposed model for improving the public

Mihaela PACESILA

2011-01-01

346

The essential elements of health impact assessment and healthy public policy: a qualitative study of practitioner perspectives  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study uses critical realist methodology to identify the essential and contingent elements of Health Impact Assessment (HIA) and Healthy Public Policy (HPP) as operationalised by practitioners. Design Data collection—qualitative interviews and a workshop were conducted with HIA and HPP practitioners working in differing contexts. Data analysis Critical realist analytical questions identified the essential elements of HIA and HPP, the relationship between them, and the influences of public policy and other contingencies on the practice of both. Participants Nine interviews were conducted with purposively sampled participants working in Europe, USA and Australasia. 17 self-selected participants who worked in Europe, South East Asia and Australasia attended the workshop. Results The results clarify that HIA and HPP are different but mutually supporting. HIA has four characteristics: assessing a policy proposal to predict population health and equity impacts, a structured process for stakeholder dialogue, making recommendations and flexibly adapting to the policy process. HPP has four characteristics: concern with a broad definition of health, designing policy to improve people's health and reduce health inequities, intersectoral collaboration and influencing the policy cycle from inception to completion. HIA brings to HPP prediction about a policy's broad health impacts, and a structured space for intersectoral engagement, but is one approach within a broader suite of HPP activities. Five features of public policy and seven contingent influences on HIA and HPP practice are identified. Conclusions This study clarifies the core attributes of HIA and HPP as separate yet overlapping while subject to wider influences. This provides the necessary common language to describe the application of both and avoid conflated expectations of either. The findings present the conceptual importance of public policy and the institutional role of public health as distinct and important influences on the practice of HIA and HPP. PMID:23166121

Harris, Patrick John; Kemp, Lynn Amanda; Sainsbury, Peter

2012-01-01

347

32 CFR 643.22 - Policy-Public safety: Requirement for early identification of lands containing dangerous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Policy-Public safety: Requirement for early identification... Policy § 643.22 Policy—Public safety: Requirement for early identification...contamination of lands by explosives, military chemical or other dangerous...

2011-07-01

348

32 CFR 643.22 - Policy-Public safety: Requirement for early identification of lands containing dangerous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Policy-Public safety: Requirement for early identification... Policy § 643.22 Policy—Public safety: Requirement for early identification...contamination of lands by explosives, military chemical or other dangerous...

2010-07-01

349

32 CFR 643.22 - Policy-Public safety: Requirement for early identification of lands containing dangerous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-07-01 true Policy-Public safety: Requirement for early identification... Policy § 643.22 Policy—Public safety: Requirement for early identification...contamination of lands by explosives, military chemical or other dangerous...

2012-07-01

350

Academics and Advocates: The Role of Consumer Researchers in Public Policy-Making.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the marketplace becomes increasingly complex, the need for consumer research involvement in public policy making grows. The most effective way for academics to affect policy is to participate in advocacy groups. (SK)

Brobeck, Stephen

1988-01-01

351

Earthquake Early Warning and Public Policy: Opportunities and Challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Development of an earthquake early warning capability and pilot project were objectives of TriNet, a 5-year (1997-2001) FEMA-funded project to develop a state-of-the-art digital seismic network in southern California. In parallel with research to assemble a protocol for rapid analysis of earthquake data and transmission of a signal by TriNet scientists and engineers, the public policy, communication and educational issues inherent in implementation of an earthquake early warning system were addressed by TriNet's outreach component. These studies included: 1) a survey that identified potential users of an earthquake early warning system and how an earthquake early warning might be used in responding to an event, 2) a review of warning systems and communication issues associated with other natural hazards and how lessons learned might be applied to an alerting system for earthquakes, 3) an analysis of organization, management and public policy issues that must be addressed if a broad-based warning system is to be developed and 4) a plan to provide earthquake early warnings to a small number of organizations in southern California as an experimental prototype. These studies provided needed insights into the social and cultural environment in which this new technology will be introduced, an environment with opportunities to enhance our response capabilities but also an environment with significant barriers to overcome to achieve a system that can be sustained and supported. In this presentation we will address the main public policy issues that were subjects of analysis in these studies. They include a discussion of the possible division of functions among organizations likely to be the principle partners in the management of an earthquake early warning system. Drawing on lessons learned from warning systems for other hazards, we will review the potential impacts of false alarms and missed events on warning system credibility, the acceptability of fully automated warning systems and equity issues associated with possible differential access to warnings. Finally, we will review the status of legal authorities and liabilities faced by organizations that assume various warning system roles and possible approaches to setting up a pilot project to introduce early warning. Our presentation will suggest that introducing an early warning system requires multi-disciplinary and multi-agency cooperation and thoughtful discussion among organizations likely to be providers and participants in an early warning system. Recalling our experience with earthquake prediction, we will look at early warning as a promising but unproven technology and recommend moving forward with caution and patience.

Goltz, J. D.; Bourque, L.; Tierney, K.; Riopelle, D.; Shoaf, K.; Seligson, H.; Flores, P.

2003-12-01

352

Public Discourse in Energy Policy Decision-Making: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The ground is littered with projects that failed because of strong public opposition, including natural gas and coal power plants proposed in Idaho over the past several years. This joint project , of the Idaho National Laboratory, Boise State University, Idaho State University and University of Idaho has aimed to add to the tool box to reduce project risk through encouraging the public to engage in more critical thought and be more actively involved in public or social issues. Early in a project, project managers and decision-makers can talk with no one, pro and con stakeholder groups, or members of the public. Experience has shown that talking with no one outside of the project incurs high risk because opposition stakeholders have many means to stop most (if not all) energy projects. Talking with organized stakeholder groups provides some risk reduction from mutual learning, but organized groups tend not to change positions except under conditions of a negotiated settlement. Achieving a negotiated settlement may be impossible. Furthermore, opposition often arises outside pre-existing groups. Standard public polling provides some information but does not reveal underlying motivations, intensity of attitudes, etc. Improved methods are needed that probe deeper into stakeholder (organized groups and members of the public) values and beliefs/heuristics to increase the potential for change of opinions and/or out-of-box solutions. The term “heuristics” refers to the mental short-cuts, underlying beliefs, and paradigms that everyone uses to filter and interpret information, to interpret what is around us, and to guide our actions and decisions. This document is the final report of a 3-year effort to test different public discourse methods in the subject area of energy policy decision-making. We analyzed 504 mail-in surveys and 80 participants in groups on the Boise State University campus for their preference, financial support, and evaluations of eight attributes for energy conservation and efficiency, fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydropower, and renewable energy. All participants saw a 7-person diverse energy expert panel. Some participants attended deliberation sessions; some received a 35-page briefing document that included pros and cons of the different energy options.

Idaho Citizen; Eileen DeShazo; John Freemuth; Tina Giannini; Troy Hall; Ann Hunter; Jeffrey C. Joe; Michael Louis; Carole Nemnich; Jennie Newman; Steven J. Piet; Stephen Sorensen; Paulina Starkey; Kendelle Vogt; Patrick Wilson

2010-08-01

353

Are life cycle assessments a threat to sound public policy making?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the question of whether Life Cycle Assessments (LCAs), with their focus on objective and quantitative\\u000a results, are the best way to support public policy processes. The public policy making process is characterized as a continuous\\u000a discoursive struggle. Criteria are defined to distinguish between good and bad public policy discourses to judge the effects\\u000a of LCA on

Remke M. Bras-Klapwijk

1998-01-01

354

[Public health policies as regards the elderly in Colombia].  

PubMed

A literature review was performed on the laws passed, and adopted in accordance with international regulations, in Colombia and which currently benefit or affect the quality of life of the elderly. Public policies in Colombia are inclined towards the well-being of the elderly, but this documental analysis concludes that the elderly Colombian is unprotected and defenseless against the obstacles and difficult situations due to the biological, political, social, economic and environmental conditions. This makes them vulnerable as it is a scheme that only benefits in cases of poverty and by being a member of the General Social Security in Health system, with transfer of obligations to the family, society and likewise the elderly. PMID:21388713

Cardona Arango, Doris; Segura Cardona, Angela María

2011-01-01

355

The Importance of Public-Private Partnerships in Agricultural Insurance in China: based on Analysis for Beijing  

Microsoft Academic Search

To establish a healthy and sustainable policy-driven agricultural insurance scheme, a discussion of the importance of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) is timely in light of the challenges that governments are facing against the backdrop of increasing scale and frequency of major agro-related natural disasters across the globe. Most recently in 2008, it is reported a total of 137 natural catastrophes led

Li Xing; Kaiyu Lu

2010-01-01

356

69 FR 43399 - Opportunity for Public Comment; Bonneville Power Administration's Policy Proposal for Power...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Bonneville Power Administration Opportunity for Public Comment; Bonneville Power Administration's Policy Proposal for Power Supply Role for Fiscal Years 2007-2011 AGENCY: Bonneville...

2004-07-20

357

Making abortions safe: a matter of good public health policy and practice.  

PubMed Central

Globally, abortion mortality accounts for at least 13% of all maternal mortality. Unsafe abortion procedures, untrained abortion providers, restrictive abortion laws and high mortality and morbidity from abortion tend to occur together. Preventing mortality and morbidity from abortion in countries where these remain high is a matter of good public health policy and medical practice, and constitutes an important part of safe motherhood initiatives. This article examines the changes in policy and health service provision required to make abortions safe. It is based on a wide-ranging review of published and unpublished sources. In order to be effective, public health measures must take into account the reasons why women have abortions, the kind of abortion services required and at what stages of pregnancy, the types of abortion service providers needed, and training, cost and counselling issues. The transition from unsafe to safe abortions demands the following: changes at national policy level; abortion training for service providers and the provision of services at the appropriate primary level health service delivery points; and ensuring that women access these services instead of those of untrained providers. Public awareness that abortion services are available is a crucial element of this transition, particularly among adolescent and single women, who tend to have less access to reproductive health services generally. PMID:10859852

Berer, M.

2000-01-01

358

Challenging custom: rethinking national population surveillance policy in a global public health age.  

PubMed

This article examines the current state of disease surveillance and reporting in the United States and seeks to answer two central questions: first, whether the increasing emphasis on the global importance of public health policies compels a fundamental reexamination of the long-standing deferential approach to state power where matters of population health surveillance are concerned and, second, how the nation's long-standing deferential legal customs might be modified to address the growing emphasis on global public health policy that is undergirded by technological advances. We examine the International Health Regulations, or IHR (2005), and suggest that these regulations offer a powerful impetus for reevaluating U.S. legal custom concerning the policy and practice of population health surveillance, not only as a matter of U.S. law but also as a core dimension of U.S. legal obligations to other nations, as embodied in international agreements and treaties. We find that if the political will exists to change the domestic disease surveillance and reporting system, the federal government has the power to act. Questions remain, however, about whether the public health and legislative communities are willing to challenge current customs or even if they desire to do so. PMID:21451161

Katz, Rebecca; Rosenbaum, Sara

2010-12-01

359

Public argument and legislative debate in the rhetorical construction of public policy: The case of Florida midwifery legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study elaborates on theoretical models of consent formation by examining the interaction of public argument and legislative debate in the construction of public policy regulating a contested social practice, lay midwifery and homebirth. It explores the ways in which the discourse of a representative governing body serves to explicitly represent, omit, or modify public argument in its construction of

M. Linda Miller

1999-01-01

360

Important Factors When Choosing a Career in Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify the factors perceived to be important and not important when students are choosing a career. Factors derived from the literature review and suggestions made through the processes of content validity and reliability testing were included when developing the four-point Likert scale survey instrument. The instrument was reviewed by a panel of

Teri S. Tamayose; Farzin Madjidi; June Schmieder-Ramirez; Gail T. Rice

361

LAIS 498/598: Rhetoric, Energy, and Public Policy Fall 2011 Syllabus  

E-print Network

energy. Unlike the common modern usage of the term rhetoric, rhetoric has long 1 LAIS 498/598: Rhetoric, Energy, and Public Policy Fall 2011 Syllabus Description This course will examine the ways in which rhetoric shapes public

362

Ranking Fiscal Policy Rules: the Golden Rule of Public Finance vs. the Stability and Growth Pact  

E-print Network

1 Ranking Fiscal Policy Rules: the Golden Rule of Public Finance vs. the Stability and Growth Pact of the application of a "golden rule of public finance" to the European Union (EU). Blanchard and Giavazzi (2003

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

363

The Importance of Negotiation for Policy Dialogue: Latin American Training Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several decades, Latin American countries have supported processes of bringing public policy decisions on education closer to the people concerned. Participation at all levels of decision-making processes has generally been highly valued. Nonetheless, these decentralization efforts came about without governments taking the necessary…

Jaramillo, Maria Clara

2004-01-01

364

Understanding forest fire dynamics is becoming increasingly important as scientists, policy makers,  

E-print Network

, and the public grapple with wildfires every year. Wildfires burn as much as 3.5 million ha annually in the US). Thus, as policy makers and managers develop and implement measures to reduce future wildfire damage of wildfire (Covington and Moore 1994; Allen et al. 2002). Recent wildfire mitigation programs at national

Turner, Monica G.

365

Protecting policy space for public health nutrition in an era of international investment agreements.  

PubMed

Philip Morris has recently brought claims against Australia (2011) and Uruguay (2010) under international investment agreements (IIAs). The claims allege that Philip Morris is entitled to compensation following the introduction of innovative tobacco packaging regulations to reduce smoking and prevent noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Since tobacco control measures are often viewed as a model for public health nutrition measures, the claims raise the question of how investment law governs the latter. This paper begins to answer this question and to explain how governments can proactively protect policy space for public health nutrition in an era of expanding IIAs. The authors first consider the main interventions proposed to reduce diet-related NCDs and their intersection with investment in the food supply chain. They then review the nature of investment regimes and relevant case law and examine ways to maximize policy space for public health nutrition intervention within this legal context. As foreign investment increases across the food-chain and more global recommendations discouraging the consumption of unhealthful products are issued, investment law will increase in importance as part of the legal architecture governing the food supply. The implications of investment law for public health nutrition measures depend on various factors: the measures themselves, the terms of the applicable agreements, the conditions surrounding the foreign investment and the policies governing agricultural support. This analysis suggests that governments should adopt proactive measures--e.g. the clarification of terms and reliance on exceptions--to manage investment and protect their regulatory autonomy with respect to public health nutrition. PMID:24623907

Thow, Anne Marie; McGrady, Benn

2014-02-01

366

Protecting policy space for public health nutrition in an era of international investment agreements  

PubMed Central

Abstract Philip Morris has recently brought claims against Australia (2011) and Uruguay (2010) under international investment agreements (IIAs). The claims allege that Philip Morris is entitled to compensation following the introduction of innovative tobacco packaging regulations to reduce smoking and prevent noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Since tobacco control measures are often viewed as a model for public health nutrition measures, the claims raise the question of how investment law governs the latter. This paper begins to answer this question and to explain how governments can proactively protect policy space for public health nutrition in an era of expanding IIAs. The authors first consider the main interventions proposed to reduce diet-related NCDs and their intersection with investment in the food supply chain. They then review the nature of investment regimes and relevant case law and examine ways to maximize policy space for public health nutrition intervention within this legal context. As foreign investment increases across the food-chain and more global recommendations discouraging the consumption of unhealthful products are issued, investment law will increase in importance as part of the legal architecture governing the food supply. The implications of investment law for public health nutrition measures depend on various factors: the measures themselves, the terms of the applicable agreements, the conditions surrounding the foreign investment and the policies governing agricultural support. This analysis suggests that governments should adopt proactive measures – e.g. the clarification of terms and reliance on exceptions – to manage investment and protect their regulatory autonomy with respect to public health nutrition. PMID:24623907

McGrady, Benn

2014-01-01

367

Media Bias, Public Opinion, and Policy Liberalism from 1956 to 2004: A Second-Level Agenda-Setting Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explore second-level agenda-setting at the national level. In particular, it examines the relationships among the citation bias of the New York Times, national level public opinion, and Congressional policies from 1956 to 2004 in order to better understand mass media's role in national policymaking. In addition, it also tests one important intervening variable of the relationships

Yue Tan; David H. Weaver

2010-01-01

368

Financing end-use solar technologies in a restructured electricity industry: Comparing the cost of public policies  

SciTech Connect

Renewable energy technologies are capital intensive. Successful public policies for promoting renewable energy must address the significant resources needed to finance them. Public policies to support financing for renewable energy technologies must pay special attention to interactions with federal, state, and local taxes. These interactions are important because they can dramatically increase or decrease the effectiveness of a policy, and they determine the total cost of a policy to society as a whole. This report describes a comparative analysis of the cost of public policies to support financing for two end-use solar technologies: residential solar domestic hot water heating (SDHW) and residential rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems. The analysis focuses on the cost of the technologies under five different ownership and financing scenarios. Four scenarios involve leasing the technologies to homeowners in return for a payment that is determined by the financing requirements of each form of ownership. For each scenario, the authors examine nine public policies that might be used to lower the cost of these technologies: investment tax credits (federal and state), production tax credits (federal and state), production incentives, low-interest loans, grants (taxable and two types of nontaxable), direct customer payments, property and sales tax reductions, and accelerated depreciation.

Jones, E.; Eto, J.

1997-09-01

369

[Comparative study on objective-setting public health policy--historical background and path dependence].  

PubMed

The historical background and the path dependence of objective-setting public health policy are described in this review. The New Public Health movement appeared in the 1980s and was inspired by the Ottawa Charter on Health Promotion. This movement is based on the idea that public health is mostly promoted by creating a supportive environment for health as well as by individual efforts toward a healthy life style. The first objective-setting public health policy called Healthy People was proposed in USA, 1979, under the influence of The Lalonde Report published in Canada, 1974. Goals and targets were set in order to reduce the mortality of American people. This project led to Healthy People 2000 and Healthy People 2010. In the 1990s, objective-setting public health policies prevailed in Western countries, such as United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and also in Japan. The objective-setting public health policy is the application of the management by objectives in the health policy domain. This policy is especially accepted in Anglo-Saxon countries where public sector reform was conducted on the basis of the New Public Management theory in the 1980s, which is when the WHO Regional Office for Europe started the Healthy Cities project that emphasized a network of project cities. The Health 21 in 1999 is another model of object-setting public health policy. A comparative study of four different objective-setting public health policies (USA, United Kingdom, WHO Regional Office for Europe, and Japan) was conducted regarding the goals and domains of the targets, methods of targeting, and evaluation of the project. The goals were almost identical in the four public health policies, while the domains of the targets were different. These differences were explained by the past experience of public health policy development in each country. PMID:12061096

Motohashi, Yutaka; Kaneko, Yosihiro

2002-05-01

370

How Can We Make the Pain Go Away? Public Policies to Manage Pain at the End of Life  

PubMed Central

The continued undertreatment of pain at the end of life is a substantive public health problem that has not been resolved through increased public awareness, the issuance of clinical guidance for providers, or expanded organizational commitments. In this forum, we illuminate the role of public policies in promoting pain management. We review federal and state policies and consider empirical evaluations that compared the quality of state policies and the factors that contributed to their formation. We resolve that any organized interest in improving end-of-life care should begin by focusing on the development and expansion of those state policies that support the provision of evidence-based medicine for reducing the amount of pain an individual experiences at the end of life. Although empirical research is needed to determine which particular aspects of state pain policy are most critical and how these policies can be implemented most effectively, any organized effort that advances state medical board activity or another state policy would appear to be making an important step toward making the pain at the end of life go away. PMID:18728292

Imhof, Sara; Kaskie, Brian

2011-01-01

371

Policy And Practice The Future Tenure of Rural Public Lands in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adoption of democracy and the market economy ideology in post-communist Central and Eastern Europe is encouraging changes in rural public land policy. A system of state public land is being partly dismantled, to be replaced by private ownership.This paper exploresthe present dynamics of the rural public land reprivatization process in Slovakia. In Slovakia approximately 40% of rural public land

Gregg Paget; Martina Vagacova

1998-01-01

372

Public attitudes towards smoking and tobacco control policy in Russia  

PubMed Central

Background Since the political transition in 1991, Russia has been targeted intensively by the transnational tobacco industry. Already high smoking rates among men have increased further; traditionally low rates among women have more than doubled. The tobacco companies have so far faced little opposition as they shape the discourse on smoking in Russia. This paper asks what ordinary Russians really think about possible actions to reduce smoking. Methods A representative sample of the Russian population (1600 respondents) was interviewed face-to-face in November 2007. Results Only 14% of respondents considered tobacco control in Russia adequate, while 37% felt that nothing was being done at all. There was support for prices keeping pace with or even exceeding inflation. Over 70% of all respondents favoured a ban on sales from street kiosks, while 56% believed that existing health warnings (currently 4% of front and back of packs) were inadequate. The current policy of designating a few tables in bars and restaurants as non-smoking was supported by less than 10% of respondents, while almost a third supported a total ban, with 44% supporting provision of equal space for smokers and non-smokers. Older age, non-smoking status and living a smaller town all emerged as significantly associated with the propensity to support of antismoking measures. The tobacco companies were generally viewed as behaving like most other companies in Russia, with three-quarters believing that they definitely or maybe bribe politicians. Knowledge of impact of smoking on health was limited with significant underestimation of dangers and addictive qualities of tobacco. A third believed that light cigarettes are safer than normal. Conclusion The majority of the Russian population would support considerable strengthening of tobacco control policies but there is also a need for effective public education campaigns. PMID:18653793

Danishevski, Kirill; Gilmore, Anna; McKee, Martin

2014-01-01

373

Public-Academic Partnerships: A Rapid Small-Grant Program for Policy-Relevant Research: Motivating Public-Academic Partnerships  

PubMed Central

To help grow a cadre of researchers with the knowledge and skills to pursue topics of great utility to public mental health systems, the director of the Division of Mental Health Services and Policy Research at Columbia University used funding from the New York State Office of Mental Health (OMH) to create a rapid small-grant program called the OMH Policy Scholars Program. This column uses two case examples to describe how this public-academic partnership exposes early-career researchers to the needs and complexities of large public mental health systems while providing them with senior research and policy mentors to help ensure the success of the scholars' projects and oversee their introduction to and work within the public mental health system. This type of collaboration is one model of encouraging early-career psychiatric researchers to pursue policy-relevant research. PMID:23370621

Rodriguez, Carolyn I.; Arbuckle, Melissa R.; Simpson, Helen B.; Herman, Daniel B.; Stroup, T. Scott; Skrobala, Anne M.; Sederer, Lloyd I.; Appel, Anita; Essock, Susan M.

2014-01-01

374

Public-academic partnerships: a rapid small-grant program for policy-relevant research: motivating public-academic partnerships.  

PubMed

To help grow a cadre of researchers with the knowledge and skills to pursue topics of great utility to public mental health systems, the director of the Division of Mental Health Services and Policy Research at Columbia University used funding from the New York State Office of Mental Health (OMH) to create a rapid small-grant program called the OMH Policy Scholars Program. This column uses two case examples to describe how this public-academic partnership exposes early-career researchers to the needs and complexities of large public mental health systems while providing them with senior research and policy mentors to help ensure the success of the scholars' projects and oversee their introduction to and work within the public mental health system. This type of collaboration is one model of encouraging early-career psychiatric researchers to pursue policy-relevant research. PMID:23370621

Rodriguez, Carolyn I; Arbuckle, Melissa R; Simpson, Helen B; Herman, Daniel B; Stroup, T Scott; Skrobala, Anne M; Sederer, Lloyd I; Appel, Anita; Essock, Susan M

2013-02-01

375

As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability  

E-print Network

As sustainability becomes integrated into public policy decision making,comprehensive and easily accessible sustainability information will be needed to assist policy analysis.As visual analytics emerges as a major tool of policy analysis,sustainability information,particularly sustainability indicators

Hall, Sharon J.

376

An Evaluation of Public School District Tobacco Policies in St. Louis County, Missouri  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: One way to address tobacco use by youth is for primary and secondary schools to adopt and implement comprehensive tobacco policies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the comprehensiveness of tobacco policies in St. Louis County, Missouri public school districts. Methods: We evaluated the strength of tobacco policies from all 23…

Barbero, Colleen; Moreland-Russell, Sarah; Bach, Laura E.; Cyr, Julianne

2013-01-01

377

Applying the Behavioral Sciences To The Needs of Public Policy Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of recent reports have attempted to emphasize the growing concern of the social and behavioral sciences for the production of research that will have an impact on the development of public policy. The present article concentrates on one line of research activity deemed to be policy relevant by at least some academics and some policy makers: large-scale social

Stephen S. Baratz

1973-01-01

378

Earth Sciences Changed Influence on the Public Policy Process, or How Congress Stopped Communicating with Geologists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measured in political capital, the latter third of the twentieth century was tough for geoscientists. Federal funding for geoscience research and development decreased between 1960 and 2000. Furthermore, although funds devoted to natural resources remained stable as a proportion of total federal expenditures over the same time, they declined by a factor of ten in proportion to the GDP in constant dollars. The size of the natural resource industry sector of the economy declined, as did the number of employed geologists. Geologists even disappeared as a separate category in federal statistical reports by 2000. Each of these indicators tells a portion of the story of how and why Congress stopped communicating with geologists as well as other physical scientists. Changes within the institution of Congress (e.g., lengthened careers, candidate centered politics, and the rise of conservatism) in the 1970s and 1980s resulted in economic expertise replacing the scientific. At the same time, while research and development in the geosciences required larger budgets, the practical application of the discoveries became less obvious to the public. When this was added to the rise of environmental protection in public policy geology was rendered politically vulnerable. Geologists were easily perceived by political actors as the old guard, which made them part of the problem. The hard won favored position held by geology at mid-twentieth century, built by leaders such as Powell, Nolan, and Peck evaporated as national policy shifted from resource exploitation to preservation. The language of the policy debate also shifted, with geologists moving quickly from insiders to outsiders in the policy game. Further compounding the situation, and possibly catalyzing it was the politicization of scientific expertise written into environmental preservation legislation in the 1970s. The high-level nuclear waste site selection process at Yucca Mountain is but one example of Congress passing the political hot potato to the scientists. The like-minded community of geologists and public servants that developed in the mid twentieth century was not happenstance, but built from the foundation of the scientific agencies and societies founded in the late nineteenth century. The policy dialect of the late twentieth century was influenced by rational choice terminology and econometric models, not mapping and resource exploration and development. Geology speaks a language increasingly incomprehensible to politicians and their constituents. Re-establishing the strong bonds to the political process is critical for the country. If constituents don't understand why earth science research is important, their elected representatives cannot be expected to vote for public funding. Without the voice of geology, the solutions forged in policy compromises for the many complex physical problems facing the country and the world will be sub-optimal.

McCurdy, K. M.

2005-12-01

379

Deregulating markets and fast-changing technology: Public policy towards telecommunications in a turbulent setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deregulation of the telecommunications industry is creating challenges for public policy that must be future-oriented yet socially responsible. This paper discusses theoretical and practical issues in designing public policy that balance competing and sometimes conflicting demands of consumer welfare, regional or national competitiveness and corporate efficiency. Using Rhode Island as a case study, selected research findings are used to supplement

Ruby Roy Dholakia; Nikhilesh Dholakia

1994-01-01

380

U.S. Pharmacy Policy: A Public Health Perspective on Safety and Cost  

Microsoft Academic Search

A public health perspective based on social justice and a population health point of view emphasizes pharmacy policy innovations regarding safety and costs. Such policies that effectively reduce costs include controlling profits, establishing profit targets, extending prescription providers, revising prescription classification schemes, emphasizing generic medications, and establishing formularies. Public education and universal programs may reduce costs, but co-pays and “cost-sharing”

Pauline Vaillancourt Rosenau; Lincy S. Lal; Jay H. Glasser

2009-01-01

381

There are no public-policy implicatons: A reply to Rushton and Jensen (2005)  

Microsoft Academic Search

J. P. Rushton and A. R. Jensen (2005) purport to show public-policy implications arising from their analysis of alleged genetic bases for group mean differences in IQ. This article argues that none of these implications in fact follow from any of the data they present. The risk in work such as this is that public-policy implications may come to be

Robert J. Sternberg

2005-01-01

382

A Newsletter of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy 03ISSUE Jul/Sep  

E-print Network

A Newsletter of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy 03ISSUE Jul/Sep 2009 Economic Crisis Spurs reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke's claim that we may be seeing some "green shoots" of recovery, most people of governance will grow. The lee Kuan Yew school of Public Policy is well positioned to benefit from this new

Chaudhuri, Sanjay

383

Public Policy, Regulatory & Legal Issues of Social Networking: Applying CyberLaw to Twitter  

E-print Network

Public Policy, Regulatory & Legal Issues of Social Networking: Applying CyberLaw to Twitter by John formulation for the micro-blogging telecommunications technology: Twitter, by analogizing from other social networking phenomena. This paper concludes that the law, regulation and public policy appropriate for Twitter

Petrick, Irene J.

384

75 FR 28622 - FDA Transparency Initiative: Draft Proposals for Public Comment Regarding Disclosure Policies of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AND HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration [Docket No. FDA-2009-N-0247...Initiative: Draft Proposals for Public Comment Regarding Disclosure Policies of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration; Availability AGENCY: Food and...Initiative: Draft Proposals for Public Comment Regarding Disclosure Policies of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.'' The report......

2010-05-21

385

Public policy and the total fertility rate: cross-sectional evidence from the LDCs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework developed by Easterlin for the analysis of fertility in developing societies is modified and then tested using a sample of 65 less-developed countries. The focus is on assessing the impact of public policy on the national fertility rate. Public policy is reflected in the average levels of education and health in the population and in the condition of

Peter N. Hess

1986-01-01

386

Participation of Children with Dyslexia in Compulsory Education: Current Public Policy Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assessment and placement of children with dyslexia at appropriate schools has been regulated in the UK by a series of laws since 1944. Recent public policy developments such as the introduction of new duties and rights, and the development of law regarding educational negligence have sharpened the public policy debate on the effectiveness of…

Konur, Ozcan

2006-01-01

387

Living Through the Tension: Religion and Public Policy in the Thought of Gilbert Meilaender  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation is to examine and evaluate the position of Gilbert Meilaender on the appropriateness of appealing to religious reasons as support for one's position on issues of public policy. The dissertation establishes that, while Meilaender often discusses public policy issues directly or indirectly from a distinctively Christian perspective, he argues that such discussions are unavoidable, appropriate

Mark W. Foreman

2008-01-01

388

VENTURE CAPITAL, THE REGIONS AND PUBLIC POLICY: THE UNITED KINGDOM SINCE THE POST-2000 TECHNOLOGY CRASH  

E-print Network

1 VENTURE CAPITAL, THE REGIONS AND PUBLIC POLICY: THE UNITED KINGDOM SINCE THE POST-2000 TECHNOLOGY. Early stage venture capital investments declined sharply following the post-2000 technology crash@strath.ac.uk W: www.entrepreneur.strath.ac.uk VENTURE CAPITAL, THE REGIONS AND PUBLIC POLICY: THE UNITED KINGDOM

Mottram, Nigel

389

Gender Politics and Public Policy Making: Prospects for Advancing Gender Equality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to stimulate a re-envisioning of gender politics in public policy making by applying a new approach to understanding them. Our approach is based on, and illustrated by, a study of gender dynamics in policy-making processes in the NSW public sector in Australia. The study draws on theoretical developments in the sociological study of gender

Toni Schofield; Susan Goodwin

2005-01-01

390

Resource management for global public computing: many policies are better than (n)one  

E-print Network

Resource management for global public computing: many policies are better than (n)one Evangelos- centralised way. Our work makes the following contri- butions: · Federation of policies. Our system embraces Research Cambridge Abstract The federation of authority in global public computing systems poses major

Harris, Timothy

391

Rural health network development: public policy issues and state initiatives.  

PubMed

Rural health networks are a potential way for rural health care systems to improve access to care, reduce costs, and enhance quality of care. Networks provide a means for rural providers to contract with managed care organizations, develop their own managed care entities, share resources, and structure practice opportunities to support recruitment and retention of rural physicians and other health care professionals. The results of early network development initiatives indicate a need for state officials and others interested in encouraging network development to agree on common rural health network definitions, to identify clearly the goals of network development programs, and to document and analyze program outcomes. Future network development efforts need to be much more comprehensive if they are to have a significant impact on rural health care. This article analyzes public policy issues related to integrated rural health network development, discusses current efforts to encourage network development in rural areas, and suggests actions that states may take if they desire to support rural health network development. These actions include adopting a formal rural health network definition, providing networks with alternatives to certain regulatory requirements, and providing incentives such as matching grants, loans, or technical assistance. Without public sector support for networks, managed care options may continue to be unavailable in many less densely populated rural areas of the country, and locally controlled rural health networks are unlikely to develop as an alternative to the dominant pattern of managed care expansion by large urban entities. Implementation of Medicare reform legislation could provide significant incentives for the development of rural health networks, depending on the reimbursement provisions, financial solvency standards, and antitrust exemptions for provider-sponsored networks in the final legislation and federal regulations. PMID:9057120

Casey, M M; Wellever, A; Moscovice, I

1997-02-01

392

Cigarette smoking in China: public health, science, and policy.  

PubMed

Throughout the world, cigarette smoking is a habit that causes serious health, economic, and social problems. Therefore, many countries have taken an active role to control and to ban smoking. The chronic smoking problem in China is particularly acute because China has the largest population of smokers in the world, over 300 million currently. If 30% of these smokers were to die of smoke-related diseases in the next 20 years, the impact from the more than 90 million premature deaths could be damaging to China. In addition, numerous non-smokers also experience health problems from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. China's efforts to reduce or to ban smoking in certain public places have not been well-coordinated or enforced compared with those in other countries. Therefore, success has been minimal. Consequently, leaders in China should not be complacent about combating the serious national health problem. A multiprong approach in combination with the MPOWER policy from the World Health Organization that targets different levels of acquisition of the smoking habit must be used. Examples may include the government's reduced reliance on profits from the sale of cigarettes, the elimination of advertisements that encourage smoking among young individuals, the presentation of more graphic illustration of harmful effects from smoking on every pack of cigarettes, higher taxes/prices on cigarettes, and the implementation of enforceable bans on smoking in public places. As shown in other countries, such coordinated effort can be highly effective in the reduction of smoking and can have healthy consequences. PMID:22755266

Au, William W; Su, Daisy; Yuan, Jiang

2012-01-01

393

Transversal analysis of public policies on user fees exemptions in six West African countries  

PubMed Central

Background While more and more West African countries are implementing public user fees exemption policies, there is still little knowledge available on this topic. The long time required for scientific production, combined with the needs of decision-makers, led to the creation in 2010 of a project to support implementers in aggregating knowledge on their experiences. This article presents a transversal analysis of user fees exemption policies implemented in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Togo and Senegal. Methods This was a multiple case study with several embedded levels of analysis. The cases were public user fees exemption policies selected by the participants because of their instructive value. The data used in the countries were taken from documentary analysis, interviews and questionnaires. The transversal analysis was based on a framework for studying five implementation components and five actors’ attitudes usually encountered in these policies. Results The analysis of the implementation components revealed: a majority of State financing; maintenance of centrally organized financing; a multiplicity of reimbursement methods; reimbursement delays and/or stock shortages; almost no implementation guides; a lack of support measures; communication plans that were rarely carried out, funded or renewed; health workers who were given general information but not details; poorly informed populations; almost no evaluation systems; ineffective and poorly funded coordination systems; low levels of community involvement; and incomplete referral-evacuation systems. With regard to actors’ attitudes, the analysis revealed: objectives that were appreciated by everyone; dissatisfaction with the implementation; specific tensions between healthcare providers and patients; overall satisfaction among patients, but still some problems; the perception that while the financial barrier has been removed, other barriers persist; occasionally a reorganization of practices, service rationing due to lack of reimbursement, and some overcharging or shifting of resources. Conclusions This transversal analysis confirms the need to assign a great deal of importance to the implementation of user fees exemption policies once these decisions have been taken. It also highlights some practices that suggest avenues of future research. PMID:23167598

2012-01-01

394

Utilization of Science-Based Information on Climate Change in Decision Making and the Public Policy Process - Phase 2  

E-print Network

Utilization of Science-Based Information on Climate Change in Decision Making and the Public Policy Process - Phase 2 Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy The Bush School of Government and Public Service Texas A&M University Dr..., Letitia T. Alston, and Gerald North. Utilization of Science-based Information on Climate Change in Decision Making and the Public Policy Process, Phase II. A report prepared by the Institute for Science, Technology and Public Policy in The Bush School...

Vedlitz, Arnold; Lindquist, Eric; Liu, Xinsheng; Zahran, Sammy; Wood, B. Dan; Alston, Letitia T.; North, Gerald

2013-12-19

395

A comparison of public policies for lead recycling  

E-print Network

Policies that encourage recycling may be used to reduce environmental costs from waste disposal when direct restrictions on disposal are difficult to enforce. Four recycling policies have been advanced: (i) taxes on the ...

Sigman, Hilary

1992-01-01

396

Regarding zygotes as persons: implications for public policy.  

PubMed

In this paper, we examine the notion put forward by certain groups (largely as a consequence of their opposition to elective abortion) that the immediate post-fertilization cellular entity - the zygote - is a person and should be given full moral status. Because the zygote has none of the inherent characteristics necessary to be regarded as a person in the traditional philosophical sense (e.g., John Locke or Immanuel Kant), some advocates of this position attempt to advance their case with arguments based on the genetic potential of the human zygote to develop into a person. We argue that this position represents a flawed use of human genetics and ignores the extraordinarily inefficient and wasteful nature of human reproduction. We then explore the public policy consequences that would follow from granting the zygote full moral status. We conclude that the logical consequences of granting the zygote full moral status would require a revolutionary restructuring of many basic social institutions, especially the health care system. The social, political, and economic changes that would be required if the zygote is enshrined as a person in law constitute a convincing reductio ad absurdum that demonstrates the danger in taking this position seriously. PMID:17146143

Wall, L Lewis; Brown, Douglas

2006-01-01

397

American Public Opinion and U.S. Immigration Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

American attitudes toward both legal and illegal immigra tion tended to be highly restrictionist during the first half of the twentieth century. Both legislative and executive-branch policy supported this restrictionist outlook up until the 1940s, when a gradual liberalization of immigration policy toward refugees began to occur because of foreign policy requirements and the onset of the cold war. Although

Edwin Harwood

1986-01-01

398

Electoral Incentives, Public Policy, and the New Deal Realignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a model of the effects of electoral incentives on policy, then applies the model to the New Deal realignment. In the model, policy is the outcome of an agenda-setter game between the president and legislators. Specifically, the president sets policy subject to legislative approval. The president’s ability to concentrate benefits in states with high electoral payoffs depends

Robert K. Fleck

1999-01-01

399

Public attitudes toward risk tradeoffs in energy policy choices. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The emphasis that will be placed on each of a number of energy policy alternatives will be determined by the tradeoffs among many factors. Important among these factors are public preferences for different levels of power availability and risk to health and safety. Also important in determining support for energy alternatives is public perception of the consequences of those policies. To assess public perception and evaluation of these factors, a number of respondents were selected to answer questions about these issues. Respondents' judgements of the acceptability of thirty-six hypothetical energy policies were analyzed using two complementary methods, discriminant analysis and judgement analysis. The first method is a statistical procedure that examines how well task variables discriminate among groups of respondents. The second method is a procedure which is used to construct models that describe the judgement processes used by respondents. Results of the discriminant analysis showed that differences among respondents' judgements were strongly related to the TECH dimension but only weakly affected by RISK and PA. On the TECH dimension, antinuclear respondents indicated relative acceptance of conservation and solar and relative rejection of nuclear and coal. Although pronuclear respondents showed slightly greater support of nuclear and coal than conservation and solar. The six clusters differed most strongly on nuclear, followed by conservation and solar, then coal. The PA dimension had more effect on the judgements of pronuclear respondents than on the judgements of antinuclear respondents. The analysis of the data indicated that the judgements of pro- and antinuclear respondents were better fit by separate models. The antinuclear respondents placed a slightly greater weight on the more RISK part of the RISK dimension relative to the PA dimension.

Lindell, M.K.; Earle, T.C.

1980-06-01

400

School crime policy changes: The impact of recent highly-publicized school crimes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Highly-publicized school shootings have heightened concern over school safety. This study examines the impact of school crimes\\u000a on campus policy. The administrators of 336 Texas middle and high schools were surveyed. Policy changes were related to parental\\u000a complaints about school crime policies and administrator perceptions that students felt less safe. School administrators should\\u000a base safety policies on strategies that have

Clete Snell; Charles Bailey; Anthony Carona; Dalila Mebane

2002-01-01

401

Public policy for business and the economy Ideological dissensus, change and consensus  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial literature shows that ideology, often describable on a conservative-liberal spectrum, is a significant independent variable influencing the formulation of public policy. The 1960s–1990s are frequently depicted as decades of ideological tumult. However, analysis of the editorials of major publications shows that substantial agreement existed on public policy directions for business and the economy throughout most of these years.

Carl Grafton; Anne Permaloff

2001-01-01

402

Public Perception of Prenatal Genetic Testing: Arguments Put forward by the Public during a Participatory Policy Project in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

In early 2002, the Dutch Ministry of Public Health, Welfare and Sport piloted the application of an interactive process to policy development in the field of medical biotechnology. In such an approach, relevant societal actors, including the public at large, are actively involved in an open exchange, planning, action and reflection process. This paper reports on the findings of one

Tjard de Cock Buning; Jacqueline E. W. Broerse; Joske F. G. Bunders

2008-01-01

403

Government policy and citizen passion: A study of issue publics in contemporary America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the findings of a program of research exploring the cognitive and behavioral consequences of passionate concern about government policy issues. American citizens vary a great deal in terms of the personal importance they attach to their attitudes on particular policy issues. Citizens whose policy attitudes are especially important to them are likely to think frequently about those

Jon A. Krosnick

1990-01-01

404

The growing (but still limited) importance of evidence in education policy and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decade of education change has been characterized by the rise of evidence-based policy and practice agendas. Internationally,\\u000a we are witnessing efforts to increase and incorporate research use in public services. This article examines efforts in education\\u000a to address the research–practice gap through an emerging field we term knowledge mobilization (KM). We explore some of the\\u000a controversy surrounding the

Amanda Cooper; Ben Levin; Carol Campbell

2009-01-01

405

Obesity Metaphors: How Beliefs about the Causes of Obesity Affect Support for Public Policy  

PubMed Central

Context: Relatively little is known about the factors shaping public attitudes toward obesity as a policy concern. This study examines whether individuals' beliefs about the causes of obesity affect their support for policies aimed at stemming obesity rates. This article identifies a unique role of metaphor-based beliefs, as distinct from conventional political attitudes, in explaining support for obesity policies. Methods: This article used the Yale Rudd Center Public Opinion on Obesity Survey, a nationally representative web sample surveyed from the Knowledge Networks panel in 2006/07 (N = 1,009). The study examines how respondents' demographic and health characteristics, political attitudes, and agreement with seven obesity metaphors affect support for sixteen policies to reduce obesity rates. Findings: Including obesity metaphors in regression models helps explain public support for policies to curb obesity beyond levels attributable solely to demographic, health, and political characteristics. The metaphors that people use to understand rising obesity rates are strong predictors of support for public policy, and their influence varies across different types of policy interventions. Conclusions: Over the last five years, the United States has begun to grapple with the implications of dramatically escalating rates of obesity. Individuals use metaphors to better understand increasing rates of obesity, and obesity metaphors are independent and powerful predictors of support for public policies to curb obesity. Metaphorical reasoning also offers a potential framework for using strategic issue framing to shift support for obesity policies. PMID:19298414

Barry, Colleen L; Brescoll, Victoria L; Brownell, Kelly D; Schlesinger, Mark

2009-01-01

406

[Fiscal policy and tobacco control: a unique opportunity to benefit public health and the public treasury].  

PubMed

Various studies and analyses show that an increase in tobacco prices through taxation is one of the most efficient tools in the application of integral policies in the fight against tobacco. Increases in taxes contribute to cessation, to reductions in consumption and in the number of deaths among addicts and to decrease the number of people who start to smoke. However, many governments hesitate to apply high taxes to tobacco for fear of possible negative economic results including loss of jobs and a decrease in fiscal revenue as a consequence of smuggling. Both literature and empirical experience indicate that these negative consequences do not occur or have been overestimated, often due to arguments promoted by the tobacco industry itself. Increases in tobacco taxes result in greater fiscal income, even in the presence of smuggling, which can be confronted without eroding tobacco control policies. Numerous countries, including Mexico, still have a wide margin for increasing tobacco taxes, and thereby to take advantage of an exceptional opportunity that benefits both the population's health and the public treasury. To do so, governments must stand up to the powerful tobacco industry, which is aware of the efficiency of taxes to combat tobacco use and therefore resorts to intense ad campaigns, political lobbying and negotiation of voluntary agreements for "self-regulation" in order to avoid stricter legislative or fiscal measures. PMID:17684679

Armendares, Pedro Enrique; Reynales Shigematsu, Luz Miriam

2006-01-01

407

Obesity, health at every size, and public health policy.  

PubMed

Obesity is associated with chronic diseases that may negatively affect individuals' health and the sustainability of the health care system. Despite increasing emphasis on obesity as a major health care issue, little progress has been made in its treatment or prevention. Individual approaches to obesity treatment, largely composed of weight-loss dieting, have not proven effective. Little direct evidence supports the notion of reforms to the "obesogenic environment." Both these individualistic and environmental approaches to obesity have important limitations and ethical implications. The low levels of success associated with these approaches may necessitate a new non-weight-centric public health strategy. Evidence is accumulating that a weight-neutral, nutrition- and physical activity-based, Health at Every Size (HAES) approach may be a promising chronic disease-prevention strategy. PMID:24328657

Bombak, Andrea

2014-02-01

408

Legal and Public Policy Responses of States to Bioterrorism  

PubMed Central

In late 2001, during the aftermath of the anthrax letter attacks, model legislation was proposed to relevant state agencies to update their states’ public health laws to meet the threat of bioterrorism. This legislation was the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act. A concern underlying this and related efforts to address future bioterrorism threats was the perceived inadequacy of state laws to respond effectively when such threats occur. We evaluated how 4 states—Utah, Maine, South Dakota, and Indiana—addressed this concern in the context of the model legislation. The conclusion is that the model legislation generally served as an important catalyst for state action in the field of bioterrorism preparation. PMID:15226125

Martin, William

2004-01-01

409

An Analysis of Public Art on University Campuses: Policies, Procedures, and Best Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the policies, procedures, and practices of public art programs on the campuses of research institutions with very high activity as defined by the Carnegie Classification. From this particular type of institution, 55 of the 96 public art administrators provided their opinions, attitudes, and behaviors as part of the "Public

Grenier, Michael Robert

2009-01-01

410

Energy Policy 35 (2007) 15841598 Public opinion about large offshore wind power: Underlying factors  

E-print Network

Energy Policy 35 (2007) 1584­1598 Public opinion about large offshore wind power: Underlying opinion regarding offshore wind power based on a survey of residents near a proposed development off Cape reserved. Keywords: Wind power; Public opinion; Climate change 1. Introduction Public opposition has

Firestone, Jeremy

411

Public Interest Disclosure Policy ("Whistleblowing") Approved by Governors on 29 November 2012  

E-print Network

Public Interest Disclosure Policy ("Whistleblowing") Approved by Governors on 29 November 2012 and guidance and legislation on standards in public life. 1. Introduction 1.1 All staff employed by the College and confidence on which the employment relationship is based. The Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 complements

Cocea, Mihaela

412

Equity in public health standards: a qualitative document analysis of policies from two Canadian provinces  

PubMed Central

Introduction Promoting health equity is a key goal of many public health systems. However, little is known about how equity is conceptualized in such systems, particularly as standards of public health practice are established. As part of a larger study examining the renewal of public health in two Canadian provinces, Ontario and British Columbia (BC), we undertook an analysis of relevant public health documents related to equity. The aim of this paper is to discuss how equity is considered within documents that outline standards for public health. Methods A research team consisting of policymakers and academics identified key documents related to the public health renewal process in each province. The documents were analyzed using constant comparative analysis to identify key themes related to the conceptualization and integration of health equity as part of public health renewal in Ontario and BC. Documents were coded inductively with higher levels of abstraction achieved through multiple readings. Sets of questions were developed to guide the analysis throughout the process. Results In both sets of provincial documents health inequities were defined in a similar fashion, as the consequence of unfair or unjust structural conditions. Reducing health inequities was an explicit goal of the public health renewal process. In Ontario, addressing “priority populations” was used as a proxy term for health equity and the focus was on existing programs. In BC, the incorporation of an equity lens enhanced the identification of health inequities, with a particular emphasis on the social determinants of health. In both, priority was given to reducing barriers to public health services and to forming partnerships with other sectors to reduce health inequities. Limits to the accountability of public health to reduce health inequities were identified in both provinces. Conclusion This study contributes to understanding how health equity is conceptualized and incorporated into standards for local public health. As reflected in their policies, both provinces have embraced the importance of reducing health inequities. Both concepualized this process as rooted in structural injustices and the social determinants of health. Differences in the conceptualization of health equity likely reflect contextual influences on the public health renewal processes in each jurisdiction. PMID:22632097

2012-01-01

413

Science Under Attack! Public Policy, Science Education and the Emperor's New Clothes  

SciTech Connect

The popular debate about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools is but one quandary for scientists and policy makers. Given recent developments which have worked to breed a general distrust of science, it is evident that researchers and politicians alike should be wary of using popular opinion as a guide for policy and pedagogy when it comes to science in public education. Dr. Krauss will qualify this complex issue and will address how educators, policy makers and scientists can work effectively to prevent public misconceptions of science.

Professor Lawrence Krauss

2005-12-05

414

Science Under Attack! Public Policy, Science Education, and the Emperor's New Clothes  

SciTech Connect

The popular debate about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools is but one quandary for scientists and policy makers. Given recent developments which have worked to breed a general distrust of science, it is evident that researchers and politicians alike should be wary of using popular opinion as a guide for policy and pedagogy when it comes to science in public education. Dr. Krauss will qualify this complex issue and will address how educators, policy makers and scientists can work effectively to prevent public misconceptions of science.

Krauss, Lawrence (Case Western Reserve University) [Case Western Reserve University

2005-12-05

415

Public Policy, Community Colleges, and the Path to Globalization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the nature of government policy toward community colleges in the United States and Canada in the 1990s and colleges' responses. Government policies were found to direct community colleges toward economic goals, emphasizing workforce training and state economic competitiveness and compelling colleges to improve efficiencies, increase…

Levin, John S.

2001-01-01

416

Spotlight on the Family: Public Policy and Private Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of 18 months of deliberation on family policy issues pertaining to young children, the American Jewish Committee's Task Force on Family Policy put together this booklet. After an introductory foreword by E. Robert Goodkind, a paper by Steven Bayme, called "Current Debates and Challenges," outlines the range of issues underlying family…

American Jewish Committee, New York, NY.

417

Policy options for alcohol price regulation: the importance of modelling population heterogeneity.  

PubMed

Context and aims Internationally, the repertoire of alcohol pricing policies has expanded to include targeted taxation, inflation-linked taxation, taxation based on alcohol-by-volume (ABV), minimum pricing policies (general or targeted), bans of below-cost selling and restricting price-based promotions. Policy makers clearly need to consider how options compare in reducing harms at the population level, but are also required to demonstrate proportionality of their actions, which necessitates a detailed understanding of policy effects on different population subgroups. This paper presents selected findings from a policy appraisal for the UK government and discusses the importance of accounting for population heterogeneity in such analyses. Method We have built a causal, deterministic, epidemiological model which takes account of differential preferences by population subgroups defined by age, gender and level of drinking (moderate, hazardous, harmful). We consider purchasing preferences in terms of the types and volumes of alcoholic beverages, prices paid and the balance between bars, clubs and restaurants as opposed to supermarkets and off-licenses. Results Age, sex and level of drinking fundamentally affect beverage preferences, drinking location, prices paid, price sensitivity and tendency to substitute for other beverage types. Pricing policies vary in their impact on different product types, price points and venues, thus having distinctly different effects on subgroups. Because population subgroups also have substantially different risk profiles for harms, policies are differentially effective in reducing health, crime, work-place absence and unemployment harms. Conclusion Policy appraisals must account for population heterogeneity and complexity if resulting interventions are to be well considered, proportionate, effective and cost-effective. PMID:19839965

Meier, Petra Sylvia; Purshouse, Robin; Brennan, Alan

2010-03-01

418

The public opinion–foreign policy paradox in Germany: integrating domestic and international levels of analysis conditionally  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does public opinion influence foreign policy? International relations theory is divided on whether foreign policy outputs follow public opinion in advanced democratic countries. Using the case of cold war and post-cold war Germany, I offer an integrated realist theory of the effect of public opinion on foreign policy. I test the theory and the generalizability of the hypothesis of a

William Davis

2012-01-01

419

Against the Very Idea of the Politicization of Public Health Policy  

PubMed Central

I criticize the concern over the politicization of public health policy as a justification for preferring a narrow to a broad model of public health. My critique proceeds along 2 lines. First, the fact that administrative structures and actors are primary sources of public health policy demonstrates its inescapably political and politicized nature. Second, historical evidence shows that public health in Great Britain and the United States has from its very inception been political and politicized. I conclude by noting legitimate ethical concerns regarding the political nature of public health policy and argue that open deliberation in a democratic social order is best served by acknowledging the constraints of the inescapably politicized process of public health policymaking. PMID:22095345

2012-01-01

420

Application of Catastrophe Risk Modelling to Evacuation Public Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The decision by civic authorities to evacuate an area threatened by a natural hazard is especially fraught when the population in harm's way is extremely large, and where there is considerable uncertainty in the spatial footprint, scale, and strike time of a hazard event. Traditionally viewed as a hazard forecasting issue, civil authorities turn to scientists for advice on a potentially imminent dangerous event. However, the level of scientific confidence varies enormously from one peril and crisis situation to another. With superior observational data, meteorological and hydrological hazards are generally better forecast than geological hazards. But even with Atlantic hurricanes, the track and intensity of a hurricane can change significantly within a few hours. This complicated and delayed the decision to call an evacuation of New Orleans when threatened by Hurricane Katrina, and would present a severe dilemma if a major hurricane were appearing to head for New York. Evacuation needs to be perceived as a risk issue, requiring the expertise of catastrophe risk modellers as well as geoscientists. Faced with evidence of a great earthquake in the Indian Ocean in December 2004, seismologists were reluctant to give a tsunami warning without more direct sea observations. Yet, from a risk perspective, the risk to coastal populations would have warranted attempts at tsunami warning, even though there was significant uncertainty in the hazard forecast, and chance of a false alarm. A systematic coherent risk-based framework for evacuation decision-making exists, which weighs the advantages of an evacuation call against the disadvantages. Implicitly and qualitatively, such a cost-benefit analysis is undertaken by civic authorities whenever an evacuation is considered. With the progress in catastrophe risk modelling, such an analysis can be made explicit and quantitative, providing a transparent audit trail for the decision process. A stochastic event set, the core of a catastrophe risk model, is required to explore the casualty implications of different possible hazard scenarios, to assess the proportion of an evacuated population who would owe their lives to an evacuation, and to estimate the economic loss associated with an unnecessary evacuation. This paper will review the developing methodology for applying catastrophe risk modelling to support public policy in evacuation decision-making, and provide illustrations from across the range of natural hazards. Evacuation during volcanic crises is a prime example, recognizing the improving forecasting skill of volcanologists, now able to account probabilistically for precursory seismological, geodetic, and geochemical monitoring data. This methodology will be shown to help civic authorities make sounder risk-informed decisions on the timing and population segmentation of evacuation from both volcanoes and calderas, such as Vesuvius and Campi Flegrei, which are in densely populated urban regions.

Woo, G.

2009-04-01

421

The Public Television Library Policies and Procedures Manual 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Public Television Library (PTL), an integral part of the services provided by the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), provides a national centralized storage and retrieval system for Public Television (PTV) programing distinct from the real time program offerings of the PBS interconnected network, and offers an opportunity for varied sources to…

Public Television Library, Washington, DC.

422

Translating the human right to water and sanitation into public policy reform.  

PubMed

The development of a human right to water and sanitation under international law has created an imperative to implement human rights in water and sanitation policy. Through forty-three interviews with informants in international institutions, national governments, and non-governmental organizations, this research examines interpretations of this new human right in global governance, national policy, and local practice. Exploring obstacles to the implementation of rights-based water and sanitation policy, the authors analyze the limitations of translating international human rights into local water and sanitation practice, concluding that system operators, utilities, and management boards remain largely unaffected by the changing public policy landscape for human rights realization. To understand the relevance of human rights standards to water and sanitation practitioners, this article frames a research agenda to ensure that human rights aspirations lead to public policy reforms and public health outcomes. PMID:24381084

Meier, Benjamin Mason; Kayser, Georgia Lyn; Kestenbaum, Jocelyn Getgen; Amjad, Urooj Quezon; Dalcanale, Fernanda; Bartram, Jamie

2014-12-01

423

Dollars, lobbying, and secrecy: how campaign contributions and lobbying affect public policy.  

PubMed

Public policy is too often determined not by the merits of the case but, rather, by individuals, corporations, and even countries who buy influence and alter public policy for the benefit of only a few. As a wrap-up for this conference on "Corporate Interference with Science and Health: Fracking, Food and Wireless," it is our intent to provide a personal story of how money can buy favors and determine policies that are often counter to the public interest and can even lead to failure to protect the health of the public. Given our background in law specific to the US, the basis of our evidence comes from legal rulings as well as legislative actions that have had an impact on policies in the US. While the specifics of governments vary, related activities surrounding money, lobbying, who knows who, and how decisions are made in secret to benefit a few are events that occur everywhere. PMID:24413211

Seymour, Whitney North; Seymour, Gabriel North

2013-01-01

424

The Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy An Analysis of the  

E-print Network

1 The Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy An Analysis of the Economic Impact of The Rita ...............................................12 II. Analysis of Rita Welsh Adult Literacy Program Administrative Data .................................................................................................26 D. Literacy, Poverty and Welfare

Lewis, Robert Michael

425

The business of broadband and the public interest : media policy for the network society  

E-print Network

Media policy in the United States has, since its inception, been governed by the principle that infrastructure providers should serve "the public interest." The Federal Communications Commission has traditionally been ...

Schultze, Stephen James

2008-01-01

426

Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future Topical Lunch Public trust policy: Implications for state wildlife professionals  

E-print Network

to wildlife management under the public trust doctrine (PTD), a legal and policy countries on five continents. Smith briefly explained the history of PTD from Roman globally. Stated simply, PTD requires that government holds natural resources

Angenent, Lars T.

427

State Agenda and Public Policy Against Racism (1959?2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first argument of this paper is that the Cuban State's agenda and policies against racism could be divided in two periods 1959-85 and 1985-present. During the period of 1959-85 both the agenda and the policies of the State were focussed on the elim- ination of the structural dimension of social inequality in Cuba. Racial discrimination, in this context, was

428

Energy and the elderly: a public policy response. [Lead abstract  

SciTech Connect

Separate abstracts were prepared for the fifteen papers in this proceedigs of a conference held in 1981 dealing with energy and the elderly. The conference examined the current energy policy, the administrative responses, and the existing empirical research which explains the current need, and suggested some alternative policies which might help to alleviate some of the crisis surrounding the energy situation for the older citizens. (KRM)

Daniels, P.J. (ed.)

1981-01-01

429

Inequities in the freedom to lead a flourishing and healthy life: issues for healthy public policy  

PubMed Central

There are many reasons for the health inequities that we see around the world today. Public policy and the way society organises its affairs affects the economic, social and physical factors that influence the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age - the social determinants of health. Tackling health inequities is a political issue that requires leadership, political courage, progressive public policy, social struggle and action, and a sound evidence base. PMID:25279377

Friel, Sharon

2014-01-01

430

Evaluating public policy responses to the economic burden of population ageing with application to Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the issues in evaluating public policy interventions that are designed to address the economic burden of\\u000a population ageing. It then briefly reviews the main public policy options with application to Australia. The economic burden\\u000a of ageing is defined as the burden on national economic well-being over time and the extent to which this burden is shared\\u000a between

Ross Guest

2008-01-01

431

Venues, valences, and public policy: a study of committee bias and the development of pesticides  

E-print Network

VENUES, VALENCES, AND PUBLIC POLICY: A STUDY OF COMMITTEE BIAS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF PESTICIDES A Thesis by Jeffery Charles Talbert Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 1991 Major Subject: Political Science VENUES, VALENCES, AND PUBLIC POLICY: A STUDY OF COMMITTEE BIAS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF PESTICIDES A Thesis by Jeffery Charles Talbert Approved as to style...

Talbert, Jeffery Charles

2012-06-07

432

Looking into New Mirrors: Lessons for Early Childhood Finance and System Building. Public Policy Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Highlights findings and recommendations of research examining public policy in housing, health care, higher education, and transportation, and how these policies can be applied to improve early childhood financing and systems. Stresses goal of universal access for early childhood programs through financial stability in forming business alliances,…

Stoney, Louise

1999-01-01

433

DEGREE PROGRAMS AT THE HUMPHREY SCHOOL Master of Public Policy (MPP)  

E-print Network

, state, federal, international), 29 percent work in the nonprofit sector, 19 percent gain employment federal, state, and local policies that affect the employment relationship Executive LeadershipDEGREE PROGRAMS AT THE HUMPHREY SCHOOL Master of Public Policy (MPP) Design, manage, and advocate

Blanchette, Robert A.

434

Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy: Laurence Steinberg  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laurence Steinberg, recipient of the Award for Distinguished Contributions to Research in Public Policy, is cited for his extraordinary impact on policy in juvenile justice and child labor and on research into the role of parent and peer relationships in the development of children and adolescents. His groundbreaking research is marked by a…

American Psychologist, 2009

2009-01-01

435

Financing Capital Formation in the 1980s: Issues for Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three specific aspects of the corporate financing decision - internal versus external funds, equity versus debt within the external component, and features of the debt including especially maturity - present opportunities (and pitfalls) for public policy for affecting U.S. capital formation. First, by reducing the government's dissaving and hence its claims on the economy's financial resources, policy can make credit

Benjamin M. Friedman

1982-01-01

436

Linking Transnational Logics: A Feminist Rhetorical Analysis of Public Policy Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author investigates the circulation and appropriation of representations of women in public policy. The author effectively mobilizes the metaphor of the network to examine the discursive intersections and transnational links between U.S. welfare programs and the World Bank gender mainstreaming policies. Her analysis reveals…

Dingo, Rebecca

2008-01-01

437

Public Education and Multicultural Policy in Canada: The Special Case of Quebec  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education is a provincial responsibility in Canada, but there is a sharing of expenditure and strong support of public education, health and other welfare programs between the provinces and the federal government. Although the federal policy of multiculturalism has been aimed at making Canada a "just" society, the implementation of this policy in…

Ghosh, Ratna

2004-01-01

438

Education, Training and Youth Affairs--Issues and Public Policy Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education and training in Australia represent a significant sector of the economy, comprising some 7 percent of the Gross Domestic Product. Public policy is fashioned to support three main sectors: schools, vocational education and training, and higher education. The mix of Commonwealth policy across these sectors is determined by distribution of…

Sedgwick, Steve

439

Third International Symposium on Career Development and Public Policy: A Vision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Symposium of Career Development and Public Policy 2006 is the third international forum of senior government policy makers and experts in the field of career development. It focuses on the connections between career development and workforce development. It is committed to shaping the future by examining and articulating the…

McMahon, Mary; Haines, Christine

2006-01-01

440

Forest policies and the supply of public goods in the European Union  

E-print Network

27-03-2012 1 Forest policies and the supply of public goods in the European (P&S without market prices) Wood NWFP Soil protection, Landscape, Tourism, Biodiversity, Carbon An European forest policy? 3 main groups of goods: Davide Pe)enella and Laura Secco Officially

Pettenella, Davide

441

School Competitive Food Policies: Perceptions of Pennsylvania Public High School Foodservice Directors and Principals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this study were to describe the extent, nature, and enforcement of school competitive food policies in Pennsylvania public high schools and to determine if there are differences between school foodservice directors’ and principals’ perceptions of the existence and enforcement of these policies. A survey was distributed to 271 school foodservice directors and 100 principals in a representative,

Elaine McDonnell; Claudia Probart; J. Elaine Weirich; Terryl Hartman; Lisa Bailey-Davis

2006-01-01

442

Nuclear energy: the accuracy of policy makers' perceptions of public beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The policy makers' attitudes were found to be significantly more favorable than those of the total public sample. The policy makers were able to shift their own (personal) responses in the directions indicated by their role-play assignments to reproduce accurately the overall attitudes of the PRO and CON groups on this controversial topic, although there was a tendency to overestimate

Kerry Thomas; Elisabeth Swaton; Martin Fishbein; Harry J. Otway

1980-01-01

443

Stories of (social) distress: Applied narrative analysis and public policy for the homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent attention to the use of social science research in the formation of social policy highlights the role of narratives in the mediation of the relationships between research and practice, science and policy. This paper demonstrates the value of applied narrative analysis in revealing the function of narratives in this mediation. Public debate over a universal “right to shelter” for

Steven L. VanderStaay

1994-01-01

444

The Public Controversy Over the Panama Canal Treaties: An Analysis of American Foreign Policy Rhetoric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the public rhetoric created during the debate over the Panama Canal treaties. Examines three foreign policy dramas that emerged: Cold War, New World Order, and Power Politics. Argues that these dramas provide insight into how foreign policy rhetoric reflects Americans' conceptions of themselves and their global responsibility. (JD)

Hollihan, Thomas A.

1986-01-01

445

Impact of Prior Electronic Publication on Manuscript Consideration Policies of Scholarly Journals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied current policies and practices of scholarly journals on evaluating manuscripts for publication that had been previously published electronically. Discusses differences in practices among scholarly disciplines, and how the Internet and World Wide Web are affecting manuscript consideration policies of scholarly journals. (Contains 26…

Harter, Stephen P.; Park, Taemin Kim

2000-01-01

446

Private forest policy tools: A national survey exploring the American public's perceptions and support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the general public's perceptions of policy tools for private forests and examines the relationships between policy support and individual demographic characteristics, as well as timber harvesting attitudes. Empirical data were collected through a random digital dial telephone survey of United States residents in 2003 and 2004. Factor and reliability analyses were used to define a private forest

Kenli A. Schaaf; Shorna R. Broussard

2006-01-01

447

The Use of Public Policy Analysis to Enhance the Nursing Home Reform Act of 1987  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the prevalence of abuse and neglect in nursing home care delivery vis-à-vis elderly and frail residents, and despite the advent and implementation of the Nursing Home Reform Act of 1987 (a policy that sought to diminish such conduct in such institutional settings), deficiency citations in nursing home care and services remain both problematic and common. By employing public policy

Gerald-Mark Breen; Jonathan Matusitz; Thomas T. H. Wan

2009-01-01

448

Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University Of Michigan National Poverty Center Working Paper Series  

E-print Network

marriages" has emerged as a central feature of domestic social policy in the United States, with proposalsGerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, University Of Michigan National Poverty Center Working is available online at the National Poverty Center Working Paper Series index at: http

Shyy, Wei

449

Legislating Unequal Treatment: An Exploration of Public Policy on Same-Sex Marriage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social policy surrounding same-sex marriage has resulted in subsequent changes to public policy. Over the past 15 years, increased discussion surrounding the issue has emerged, inciting the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) and the proposed Federal Marriage Amendment (FMA). It is particularly salient for social workers to keep abreast of legislation that is impacting vulnerable and disenfranchised populations. Since the

Jill M. Chonody; Kenneth Scott Smith; Melanie A. Litle

2012-01-01

450

Building Public Awareness of Development: Communicators, Educators and Evaluation. Policy Brief No. 35  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using evaluation to improve performance has become a priority for Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) policy makers and practitioners in the field of public information/communication and education about development. This Policy Brief is an introduction to evaluation, with proposals on how official donors and civil society…

Scheunpflug, Annette; McDonnell, Ida

2008-01-01

451

Child Labor LawsA Historical Case of Public Policy Implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models of public policy implementation proliferated during the 1970s and 1980s. We argue that these models should be robust across different time periods and should accurately postdict and explain the outcomes known to have occurred. This article looks at two models of policy implementation, one developed by Mazmanian and Sabatier and another developed by Nakwnura and Smallwood. Robustness and explanatory

Marjorie Sarbaugh-Thompson; Mayer N. Zald

1995-01-01

452

Is the increasing policy use of Impact Assessment in Europe likely to undermine efforts to achieve healthy public policy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

European policymakers have recently become increasingly committed to using Impact Assessment (IA) to inform policy decisions. Welcoming this development, the public health community has not yet paid sufficient attention to conceptual concerns about IA or to corporate efforts to shape the way in which IA is used. This essay is a thematic analysis of literature concerning IA and associated tools

Katherine E Smith; Gary Fooks; Jeff Collin; Heide Weishaar; Anna B Gilmore

2010-01-01

453

From underground cult to public policy for citizens: democratizing an open source artifact at a policy level in South Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to explore the feasible use of free and open source software (FOSS) at a policy level in South Korea, which is reacting against being locked into only one technology company, Microsoft. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on participatory democratic theory, this paper suggests that the normative role of the state is as a public mediator in the

Kwang-Suk Lee

2006-01-01

454

Rockefeller Center at Dartmouth College Policy Research Shop The Center for Public Policy and the Social Sciences  

E-print Network

and the Social Sciences Mental Health and Substance Abuse Insurance Parity Current Status of Mental Health The Center for Public Policy and the Social Sciences Table of Contents MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE INSURANCE PARITY 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1 1. MENTAL HEALTH AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 2 1

Lotko, William

455

NIH Public Access Policy NIH requires that all investigators funded by NIH submit to the National Library of Medicine's  

E-print Network

Library of Medicine's PubMed Central upon acceptance of publication, to be made publicly availableNIH Public Access Policy NIH requires that all investigators funded by NIH submit to the National no later than 12 months after the official date of publication. Read the NIH policy. This requirement

Eustice, Ryan

456

All creatures great and minute: a public policy primer for companion animal zoonoses.  

PubMed

Approximately 63% of US households have at least one pet, a large percentage of which are considered family members. Pet owners can derive substantial physical and psychological benefits from interaction with companion animals. However, pet ownership is not without risks; zoonotic diseases are increasingly drawing the attention of healthcare professionals, policy makers and the general public. While zoonoses of 'traditional' pets are widely recognized and their prevention and treatment factors are generally known, the growing popularity of 'non-traditional' pets has the potential to facilitate human exposure to novel zoonoses. However, the greatest risk of zoonoses probably arises from animals taken directly from the wild to serve as pets. Non-governmental organizations, state veterinary associations and others have been calling for increased regulation of animal imports, some proposing that all 'exotics' be banned from the pet trade. Because zoonotic diseases of companion animals are influenced by interacting factors of ecological, technical, socio-economic, and political origin, efforts to minimize their impact need be multi-dimensional, simultaneously addressing both the ecological and socio-political drivers of disease emergence and transmission. This study is intended to serve as a primer for animal care professionals seeking to engage with policy makers and the pet industry on the prevention of companion animal zoonoses. We provide background on the human-animal bond, risks of zoonoses associated with groups of companion animals, and the public policy context, as well as identify the factors needed to build a comprehensive approach to companion animal zoonoses risk management. Also included are examples of innovative, non-regulatory initiatives designed to limit the spread and impact of companion animal zoonoses, including a reptile salmonella poster, the National Reptile Improvement Plan, Habitattitude campaign, Pet Zoonoses Committee, and a wildlife disease surveillance initiative known as Project TripWire. PMID:18399943

Reaser, J K; Clark, E E; Meyers, N M

2008-10-01

457

Training's Policies: Public and Private Reinforcement for the American Economy. Final Report. The Impact of Public Policy on Education and Training in the Private Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the impact of public policy on education and training in the private sector. During the study, the following research activities were completed: a statistical examination of the scope and nature of firm-supplied training, 20 case studies of the training supplied by large firms representing a diverse set of industries across the…

Meyerson, Martin; Zemsky, Robert

458

Prior notice of imported food under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002. Final rule.  

PubMed

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final regulation that requires the submission to FDA of prior notice of food, including animal feed, that is imported or offered for import into the United States. The final rule implements the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (the Bioterrorism Act), which required prior notification of imported food to begin on December 12, 2003. The final rule requires that the prior notice be submitted to FDA electronically via either the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP or Customs) Automated Broker Interface (ABI) of the Automated Commercial System (ACS) or the FDA Prior Notice System Interface (FDA PNSI). The information must be submitted and confirmed electronically as facially complete by FDA for review no less than 8 hours (for food arriving by water), 4 hours (for food arriving by air or land/rail), and 2 hours (for food arriving by land/road) before the food arrives at the port of arrival. Food imported or offered for import without adequate prior notice is subject to refusal and, if refused, must be held. Elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register, FDA is announcing the availability of a draft compliance policy guide (CPG) entitled "Sec. 110.310 Prior Notice of Imported Food Under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002." PMID:19112701

2008-11-01

459

An approach to developing the market for space shuttle payloads: Business/public policy issues and international marketing considerations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The business and public policies were assessed that were determined to be important for NASA to consider in the design of a program for stimulating use of the space transportation system (STS) among potential users in the U.S. private sector and in foreign countries, in preparation for operations of the space shuttle in the early 1980's. Salient factors related to international cooperation in space are identified for special consideration in the development of user potential of the STS.

Krebs, W. A. W.

1974-01-01

460

NUDGING FOR HEALTH: ON PUBLIC POLICY AND DESIGNING CHOICE ARCHITECTURE  

PubMed Central

There have been recent policy moves aimed at encouraging individuals to lead healthier lives. The Cabinet Office has set up a ‘nudge unit’ with health as one of its priorities and behavioural approaches have started to be integrated into health-related domestic policy in a number of areas. Behavioural research has shown that that the way the environment is constructed can shape a person's choices within it. Thus, it is hoped that, by using insights from such research, people can be nudged towards making decisions which are better for their health. This article outlines how nudges can be conceived of as part of an expanding arsenal of health-affecting regulatory tools being used by the Government and addresses some concerns which have been expressed regarding behavioural research-driven regulation and policy. In particular, it makes the case that, regardless of new regulatory and policy strategies, we cannot escape the myriad of influences which surround us. As such, we can view our health-affecting decisions as already being in some sense shaped and constructed. Further, it argues we may in fact have reason to prefer sets of health-affecting options which have been intentionally designed by the state, rather than those that stem from other sources or result from random processes. Even so, in closing, this article draws attention to the largely unanswered questions about how behavioural research translates into policy and regulatory initiatives. PMID:24081425

Quigley, Muireann

2013-01-01

461

Framing and the Public Agenda: Media Effects on the Importance of the Federal Budget Deficit  

Microsoft Academic Search

What explains the shift in public opinion over time on the issue of the 1996 U.S. federal budget? Public opinion polls demonstrate dramatic shifts in the percentage of people considering the budget issue to be the most important problem facing the country from November 1994 through April 1996. In this article, we model Roper Center opinion polls against a prediction

Amy E. Jasperson; Dhavan V. Shah; Mark Watts; Ronald J. Faber; David P. Fan

1998-01-01

462

Public alcohol policy: current directions and new opportunities.  

PubMed

Alcohol policy has been shown to have an impact on the incidence and prevalence of alcohol "addiction," or alcohol use disorders (AUDs), as currently defined by the International Classification of Diseases, volume 10, or by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition. We will mainly use the term "addiction" to depict a state involving loss of control over intense urges to consume alcohol, even at the expense of adverse consequences. This definition goes beyond pure "physiological dependence." We will use the term AUD when referring to statistics based on the above-described definitions. In this overview we identify the pathways in the relationship between alcohol policy and addiction, present the empirical evidence, and draw conclusions. Special emphasis will be put on treatment policy. PMID:18305457

Rehm, J; Greenfield, T K

2008-04-01

463

Environmental risks and future generations: Criteria for public policy  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines alternative normative approaches to the policy challenges posed by long-term environmental problems such as toxic and radioactive waste disposal, stratospheric ozone depletion, and climate change. The paper argues that cost-benefit analysis is limited in its ability to handle the issues of intergenerational equity and uncertainty that are intrinsic to such problems. Also considered is the precautionary principle, which holds that policies should seek to reduce threats to the welfare of future generations if the costs of doing so would not significantly reduce the subjective well-being of existing persons. Although the precautionary principle depends on an explicit value judgement, it yields a policy criterion that is operationally decisive under a wide array of circumstances.

Howarth, R.B.

1992-10-01

464

The politics of educational policy studies: a preliminary analysis of leading educational policy journal publications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the content, analytical approaches and institutional affiliations of authors of articles published in the latest issues of two leading educational policy studies journals provide useful insights into the contested nature of educational policy studies. The paper draws upon a selection of articles published in 2007\\/08 issues of two flag-ship policy journals, the UK-based Journal of Education

Ian Hardy

2009-01-01

465

Sanctions for Sex Offenders: Fear and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated public attitudes regarding sex offender sanctions through telephone surveys (n = 703). The greatest support was for residency and work restrictions. There was less support for publication of names in a newspaper, curfews, life in prison, and castration. Support for nonsevere sanctions correlated with socioeconomic status,…

Comartin, Erin B.; Kernsmith, Poco D.; Kernsmith, Roger M.

2009-01-01

466

Retirement Trends and Public Policy: The Carrot and the Stick.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent trends toward earlier retirement have exacerbated the financial problems facing the Social Security system and many other public and private pension plans. The massive commitment of public and private funds to Social Security and pension funds is partly responsible for the trend to early retirement. This, in fact, was one of the early goals…

Quinn, Joseph F.; Burkhauser, Richard V.

467

The importance of environmental variability and management control error to optimal harvest policies  

USGS Publications Warehouse

State-dependent strategies (SDSs) are the most general form of harvest policy because they allow the harvest rate to depend, without constraint, on the state of the system. State-dependent strategies that provide an optimal harvest rate for any system state can be calculated, and stochasticity can be appropriately accommodated in this optimization. Stochasticity poses 2 challenges to harvest policies: (1) the population will never be at the equilibrium state; and (2) stochasticity induces uncertainty about future states. We investigated the effects of 2 types of stochasticity, environmental variability and management control error, on SDS harvest policies for a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) model, and contrasted these with a harvest policy based on maximum sustainable yield (MSY). Increasing stochasticity resulted in more conservative SDSs; that is, higher population densities were required to support the same harvest rate, but these effects were generally small. As stochastic effects increased, SDSs performed much better than MSY. Both deterministic and stochastic SDSs maintained maximum mean annual harvest yield (AHY) and optimal equilibrium population size (Neq) in a stochastic environment, whereas an MSY policy could not. We suggest 3 rules of thumb for harvest management of long-lived vertebrates in stochastic systems: (1) an SDS is advantageous over an MSY policy, (2) using an SDS rather than an MSY is more important than whether a deterministic or stochastic SDS is used, and (3) for SDSs, rankings of the variability in management outcomes (e.g., harvest yield) resulting from parameter stochasticity can be predicted by rankings of the deterministic elasticities.

Hunter, C.M.; Runge, M.C.

2004-01-01

468

Forensic services, public mental health policy, and financing: charting the course ahead.  

PubMed

High-quality forensic evaluations can be critical for criminal cases brought before the court. In addition, forensic practitioners and mental health and forensic administrators have increasingly taken a broader view of the revolving door between the mental health and criminal justice systems. More attention is now paid to why individuals with mental disorders, including co-occurring substance use, come into the criminal justice system and the challenges that they face on re-entry into the community. In particular, individuals who receive care across civil, forensic, and correctional systems are at especially increased risk of disrupted health care access and coverage. With health care reform on the horizon, it is important to understand public financing and its impact on forensic services for this crossover population. This article is a review of historical and future trends in public mental health funding focused on Medicaid and other federal resources, the movement toward community-based services, and the impact of these areas on forensic practice and forensic systems. Tensions between recovery principles and legal mandates are also addressed as community services are emphasized, even in forensic contexts. This article calls forensic practitioners to action and offers suggested areas of focus for training to increase knowledge of public mental health funding, policy, and practice from a forensic perspective. PMID:24618515

Pinals, Debra A

2014-01-01

469

Educating Students on the Need to Protect Authentic Science in Public Policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Scientists have an important responsibility to be sure their students are aware of the ways in which their research results can be politicized and misused. Political interference in science has penetrated deeply into the culture and practices of federal agencies. The persistent and energetic engagement of scientists is critical to ensuring the government meets its obligation to serve the public interest. To foster thoughtful discussions about the proper role of science in federal policy making, the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) has created a Scientific Integrity Curriculum Guide to help graduate, undergraduate and advanced high school instructors teach this complex subject. The guide is a fully developed lesson plan that teachers in both scientific and non-scientific disciplines can tailor to suit their needs. It provides lecture slides, worksheets, homework assignments, essay suggestions, and links to other resources. Educating the next generation of scientists is essential because significant and long-lasting reforms require the support of a well- informed scientific community.

Grifo, F.; McCarthy, M.; Langlais, C.

2008-12-01

470

Using Public Policy-Oriented Community-Based Research to Boost Both Community and Political Engagement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Leadership in Public Affairs program at the College of New Jersey has begun to implement a developmental model designed to increase the community and political engagement of students. The primary tool to achieve these ends is public policy-oriented, community-based research (CBR). To date, two courses and a student fellowship based on…

Ball, William J.

471

Message from ISCB ISCB Public Policy Statement on Open Access to  

E-print Network

encourage open software, data, and databases, issues that are not addressed here. A prior ISCB public policy Initiative,'' the ``Bethesda Decla- ration on Open Access Publishing,'' the Bulletin of the World Health and Guidelines for Access to Research Data from Public Funding,'' and the ``Berlin Declaration on Open Access

Lathrop, Richard H.

472

UW-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health Warning List Travel Policy and Exemption Form  

E-print Network

UW-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health Warning List Travel Policy and Exemption Form and submit it to the Center for Global Health at least 4 months prior to the planned study. The request and maintenance of buildings, public places and modes of transportation; local medical and emergency services

Sheridan, Jennifer

473

Trying to stay Canadian - maybe : Uncertainties and paradoxes in public policies for Canadian television broadcasting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines recent Canadian public policies intended to create a window for domestic entertainment programming on television in the face of a series of economic and technological factors which favour greater cultural integration with the American television market. These factors include the limited revenues available to the conventional public and private TV sectors, audience fragmentation through cable, and both

Robert M. Pike

1998-01-01

474

Public Sector Training: A "Blind" Spot in the 1999 South African National Levy-Grant Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2000, South Africa implemented a levy-grant policy (Skills Development Levies Act, 1999) to give an incentive for workplace training across private and public sector workplaces alike, but the impact of the levy-grant scheme in the public sector was restricted by financial and management processes unique to that environment. This article shows…

Paterson, Andrew

2005-01-01

475

Corporate Manslaughter Legislation, Public Policy and the Legal Response to Workplace Accidents Chris. W. Johnson  

E-print Network

Corporate Manslaughter Legislation, Public Policy and the Legal Response to Workplace Accidents@dcs.gla.ac.uk, http://www.dcs.gla.ac.uk/~johnson Abstract: Recent rail accidents in the UK have focussed public attention on the role that companies play in the causes of incidents and accidents. Partly in response

Johnson, Chris

476

Radio frequency identification in retailing and privacy and public policy issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines the characteristics of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology and shows the growth of retail interest in the technology’s introduction in the UK. Discusses privacy and public policy issues that are associated with RFID. Concludes that retailers have to address a series of privacy and public liberties, associated with RFID.

Peter Jones; Colin Clarke-Hill; Daphne Comfort; David Hillier; Peter Shears

2004-01-01

477

Adoption of an Outdoor Residential Hall Smoking Policy in a California Public University: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Because secondhand smoke is a public health concern, many colleges have adopted bans to ensure healthier environments. This study demonstrates how outdoor smoking policy change can be accomplished at a large public university. Participants: The participants were 1,537 students housed in residential communities at the University of…

Garg, Trit; Fradkin, Nicholas; Moskowitz, Joel M.

2011-01-01

478

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 2333 Change in public attitudes towards a Cornish wind farm  

E-print Network

Energy Policy 36 (2008) 23­33 Viewpoint Change in public attitudes towards a Cornish wind farm independently conducted polls suggest significant public support for wind energy, there are often objections, this has seen the development of onshore wind energy to meet these targets (Strachan and Lal, 2004

479

Public attitudes toward business in contemporary Russia: influence of economic policy and opportunities for corporate response  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article, based on public polls conducted in Russia in recent years and the analysis of relations among the state, business and society by Russian and foreign researchers, presents a step-by-step consideration of public opinion about business and the reasons for the formation of negative trends in this sphere; the influence of different aspects of economic policies (such as privatisation,

Andrei Yakovlev; Elena Avraamova

2008-01-01

480

Impacts of public policies and farmer preferences on agroforestry practices in Kerala, India.  

PubMed

Agroforestry systems are fundamental features of the rural landscape of the Indian state of Kerala. Yet these mixed species systems are increasingly being replaced by monocultures. This paper explores how public policies on land tenure, agriculture, forestry and tree growing on private lands have interacted with farmer preferences in shaping land use dynamics and agroforestry practices. It argues that not only is there no specific policy for agroforestry in Kerala, but also that the existing sectoral policies of land tenure, agriculture, and forestry contributed to promoting plantation crops, even among marginal farmers. Forest policies, which impose restrictions on timber extraction from farmers' fields under the garb of protecting natural forests, have often acted as a disincentive to maintaining tree-based mixed production systems on farmlands. The paper argues that public policies interact with farmers' preferences in determining land use practices. PMID:21461959

Guillerme, S; Kumar, B M; Menon, A; Hinnewinkel, C; Maire, E; Santhoshkumar, A V

2011-08-01

481

Presidential Leadership for Public Purpose: A Special Report by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To engage presidents more directly in what is becoming an increasingly rancorous discussion of higher education's current priorities, the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education convened a set of presidential soundings and exchanges in the spring and summer of 2010 with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and Lumina…

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education, 2011

2011-01-01

482

FROM RESEARCH TO PUBLIC POLICY: PROGRESS IN SCIENTIFIC AND PUBLIC UNDERSTANDING OF ACID PRECIPITATION AND ITS BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Wisdom in the development of public policy requires objective assessments of fact. Scientific understanding of acid precipitation and its biological consequences has increased substantially in recent years but needs to be expanded still further. At present much more is known abou...

483

Public Policy and the Academy in an Era of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the attitudes of students, faculty, administrators, and policymakers in regard to higher education policy, in light of the challenges facing higher education institutions and specifically as they relate to the mission of the university as a research institution. In-depth ethnographic interviews were conducted with students,…

Leffel, Rob R.

484

Graduate Medical Education and Public Policy: A Primer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes graduate medical education (GME) in the United States and outlines some options for future policy related to GME. GME is the process of providing academic and clinical education to physicians after they have graduated from an accredited medical school. GME typically occurs in teaching hospitals or other health care settings.…

Henderson, Tim

485

Alliance between tobacco and alcohol industries to shape public policy  

PubMed Central

Aims The tobacco and alcohol industries share common policy goals when facing regulation, opposing policies such as tax increases and advertising restrictions. The collaboration between these two industries in the tobacco policy arena is unknown. This study explored if tobacco and alcohol companies built alliances to influence tobacco legislation, and if so, how those alliances worked. Methods Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents. Findings In the early 1980s, tobacco companies started efforts to build coalitions with alcohol and other industries to oppose cigarette excise taxes, clean indoor air policies, and tobacco advertising and promotion constraints. Alcohol companies were often identified as a key partner and source of financial support for the coalitions. These coalitions had variable success interfering with tobacco control policymaking. Conclusions The combined resources of tobacco and alcohol companies may have affected tobacco control legislation. These alliances helped to create the perception that there is a broader base of opposition to tobacco control. Advocates should be aware of the covert alliances between tobacco, alcohol, and other industries and expose them to correct this misperception. PMID:23587076

Jiang, Nan

2013-01-01

486

Population and the environment: Polls, policies, and public opinion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although recent academic and popular attention has argued for a wedding between population and environmental problems and policies, the scientific knowledge base for these topics has grown separately and at differential rates. Environmental research has grown faster than population research, while the joint treatment of these topics remains in its infancy. International polls that have included many questions concerning environmental

J. Mayone Stycos

1996-01-01

487

The Research System in the 1980's. Public Policy Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

U.S. research institutions are undergoing significant changes from patterns established in the decade following World War II. Declining undergraduate enrollments are predicted to lead to "steady-state" universities; federal policy is emphasizing industry-university research cooperation and calling for a decreased federal role in the direct support…

Logsdon, John M., Ed.

488

Vouchers and Public Policy: When Ideology Trumps Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economic model of education policy assumes that there is a substantial consensus on educational goals among constituencies and that the major challenge is to determine the most effective strategies for reaching those goals. Unfortunately, the debate over educational vouchers is complicated by the presence of multiple and competing goals, and…

Belfield, Clive; Levin, Henry M.

2005-01-01

489

Net Neutrality: Telecom Policy and the Public Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: What is net neutrality? The debate about the shape of the Internet is being held behind closed doors, led by government and industry with little pub- lic input. This article examines net neutrality and the stakeholders in this emerg- ing national debate. The authors discuss the legislative and policy implications, while at the same time exploring alternative models for

Neil Barratt; Leslie Regan Shade

490

Commentary Net Neutrality: Telecom Policy and the Public Interest  

Microsoft Academic Search

What is net neutrality? The debate about the shape of the Internet is being held behind closed doors, led by government and industry with little pub- lic input. This article examines net neutrality and the stakeholders in this emerg- ing national debate. The authors discuss the legislative and policy implications, while at the same time exploring alternative models for achieving

Neil Barratt; Leslie Regan Shade

491

NSF Public Television Project Brings Science Policy to the People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This new half-hour show, produced at KPBS-TV in San Diego, focuses on science policy. Topics include: an interview with White House science advisor Frank Press, the trans-Alaska pipeline, and analysis of the West Coast's future water needs, and the scientific and regulatory debate surrounding short-term mutagenicity tests. (BB)

Henig, Robin Marantz

1979-01-01

492

PUBLIC POLICIES AND DEFORESTATION IN THE BRAZILIAN AMAZON1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of land tenure is a major issue in the development debate in Latin America. Recently, one new dimension has been added to the discussion with the increasing concern with environmental issues: the link between rural migration and deforestation. This paper analyses this problem, focusing on the Brazilian Amazon experience. The first part briefly reviews past and present policies

Carlos Eduardo; Frickmann Young

493

school of public policy and administration Dr. Audrey Helfman Receives  

E-print Network

for Community Research and Service, the Center for Disability Studies, the Delaware Education Research Abroad 12 Students Present Findings at International Conference 13 Leadership by Design in Sweden and Barcelona 14 Students Explore Poland's Rich Heritage 15 Building Research Partnerships in Romania 16 Policy

Firestone, Jeremy

494

Public Policy, Gender, Marriage, and Self-Rated Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Married people live longer than those who remain single both in Canada and the USA, with men showing the most gain from marriage. The benefit to marriage has been exlpicated in four different ways: marital benefits, with protective benefits going mostly to men; negative selection, with sicker individuals seeking healthcare from their spouses in a health-poor policy environment; clean-up for

Sean Clouston; Amélie Quesnel-Vallée

2009-01-01

495

Condemning Students to Debt: College Loans and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 10 chapters of this book on the effects of the federal student loan program focus on five major issues: first, that expanding access to postsecondary education is in the national interest; second, the inconsistency in student loan policy; third, increasing federal regulation of higher education; fourth, the fact that rising costs are making…

Fossey, Richard, Ed.; Bateman, Mark, Ed.

496

Basic Education and Policy Support Activity: Tools and Publications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Basic Education and Policy Support (BEPS) Activity is a United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-sponsored, multi-year initiative designed to further improve the quality of, effectiveness of, and access to formal and nonformal basic education. This catalog is one element of the BEPS information dissemination process. The…

Creative Associates International, Inc., Washington, DC.

497

Public health professionals as policy entrepreneurs: Arkansas's childhood obesity policy experience.  

PubMed

In response to a nationwide rise in obesity, several states have passed legislation to improve school health environments. Among these was Arkansas's Act 1220 of 2003, the most comprehensive school-based childhood obesity legislation at that time. We used the Multiple Streams Framework to analyze factors that brought childhood obesity to the forefront of the Arkansas legislative agenda and resulted in the passage of Act 1220. When 3 streams (problem, policy, and political) are combined, a policy window is opened and policy entrepreneurs may advance their goals. We documented factors that produced a policy window and allowed entrepreneurs to enact comprehensive legislation. This historical analysis and the Multiple Streams Framework may serve as a roadmap for leaders seeking to influence health policy. PMID:20864715

Craig, Rebekah L; Felix, Holly C; Walker, Jada F; Phillips, Martha M

2010-11-01

498

Alcohol industry influence on UK alcohol policy: A new research agenda for public health  

PubMed Central

The British government has been criticised for according industry interests too much weight in alcohol policy-making. Consequently, it has been argued that alcohol strategy in the UK is buil